Detailed Project Report 5 MW Amritsa r Solar Thermal power Plant


Detailed Project Report

10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant




Site Elevation : 250 m above MSL 5.8 Deg C Min. Climate : Max.0 Deg C Min. Project : 10 MW Solar Thermal Power Plant in Amritsar. : Nearest Sea Port is Kandla 4. Rajasthan 2. Temperature (Daily): 41. RAJASTHAN 1. Plant Capacity : 10 MW (2 x 5 MW) 3.: station to the project site.4 Deg C Relative Humidity : 54% (Annual Mean) Mean annual Rainfall: 279. rainfall data Enclosed as annex. Location : In Amritsar district. I as the nearest met etc. air temp. of rainy days in a year:18. Temperature (Daily): 5.9 kmph Local data for Solar insolation value. Temperature (Monthly): : 33.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant PROJECT HIGHLIGHTS 10 MW (2 x 5 MW) SOLAR BASED THERMAL POWER PROJECT DIST.8 mm No. : Nearest Railway station: Amritsar : Nearest Airport is Jaipur. Rajasthan : Nearest National Highway is NH-15. -3- . AMRITSAR. Temperature( Monthly): 18.7 Deg C Max.7 days Mean wind speed : 6.

Source of Energy : Solar 11.60 Crores. Estimated Project Cost : With IDC & Initial Spares 15. : 18 months from Zero date -4- . 12. Process : Concentric Solar Power (C SP) in combination with Rankine cycle. Commissioning Schedule 14. Power Evacuation : Power evacuation through nearest 132 KV substations at Karni. 8.149.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant 6. Debt – Equity Ratio : 70 : 30 16. Levellised Tariff : Rs 12. Water Requirement : 420 cubic meter/ Day 9.85/kwh . Plant Cooling System : Closed Cycle 10. 13. 7. Land Area requirement : 30 Ha approximately. Source of Water : Indira Gandhi Canal (Kanasar Branch) Located at approximately 6 kms from site location.

patented. both in India and abroad. Acme’s solutions predominantly assist in reducing GHG emissions. Green Shelters. ACME is continually expanding and diversifying its range of products. in the last five years of its existence. thus helping operators to improve margins and reduce energy costs.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant SECTION-1 1. hydrogen Fuel Cells and several other products targeted to reduce power consumption at base transmission sites.000 Crore. The Company already enjoys an international presence through its own establishments. acquisitions. Heat Exchangers. through the vision of its founder. launched a slew of innovative. Sri Manoj Kumar Upadhyay.0 INTRODUCTION ACME Tele Power Limited (ATPL) is part of ACME group presently operating in Telecom sector having a current enterprise value of over Rs 12. ACME’s clientele includes almost all the leading companies in the Indian and global wireless telecommunications industry. who dreamt of providing radically new technology solutions across the industry. Filterless ACs with free cooling. ATPL has. solutions and services to offer improved solutions to its customers and continues to invest heavily in R&D. Thermal Management Systems. channel partners and associates in more than 20 countries around the world. Nano Cool Shelters. Battery Coolers. ACME Tele Power Limited prides itself as a trailblazer in the development of green technologies which are energy efficient. while the group’s turnover in 2007-08 was an impressive Rs 1850 Crore with a PAT of Rs 417 Crore. Power Interface Units. ACME had its inception in year 2003. cost effective and environment friendly. The product portfolio includes. which contribute to Global warming. passive infrastructure solutions and has made its mark in TSP services to the telecom industry. In last five years of operation it has shown the wide acceptability of its energy efficient products in demand side in a great way in telecom sector. -5- .

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) Justification of project Study of topographical survey and other data for locating the project. Study of power evacuation and connection with the grid. ACME group intends to venture into Green energy business and more specifically in the Solar power generation. since it believes that solar energy is the only sustainable form of energy.1 Following salient points shall be covered under the Detailed Project Report. Estimation of the project cost with broad and detailed breakup under major heads. ATPL either directly or through a SPV company to be formed exclusively for purpose of project implementation and operation. which can minimize our dependence on imported fuel and will be cost effective with increasing volume. Details of technology for solar power. Project implementation schedule showing key milestone activities.0 Outline of the Report 2. having access & tie-ups with internationally reputed technology suppliers and in-house R&D facility. 2. plans to set-up a 10 MW Solar thermal power project in the state of Rajasthan. Study of water requirement and finalization of water system. Computation of the cost of generation at power station bus. (h) -6- .Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant Now in line with its vision.

4 percent per annum. • In order to meet this energy consumption.6 .0 NEED FOR THE PROJECT AND REQUIREMENT OF KEY INPUTS • As on Jun 2008.000 MW and the plan is to almost double this capacity by end of 12 th plan (year 2017).8.6.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant SECTION-2 2. the installed Utility Generation capacity of our country stands at about 1.45. with a targeted GDP growth rate of 7-8% and with estimated energy elasticity of 0. • Further going beyond 12 th plan. This implies four fold increase in India’s primary energy demand & 5-6 times increase in Electricity Supply by year 2031-32. This means an estimated that power generation capacity to reach at 8 lakh MW by that time period. the energy growth rate expected to rise at 5. we have limited domestic conventional resources that is depicted in following table:- • The following table shows the limitation either year-wise or the MW potential for all forms of conventional fossil based fuels & present form of -7- .

Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant renewable energy sources as estimated in the Integrated Energy Policy – 2006. Different supply and different demand side options have been worked out by Planning commission. vulnerability of entire country’s economy in the hands of Oil rich countries. thereby forcing our economy to get controlled in hands of other exporting energy countries. The imports for Oil. GoI to meet the future energy requirement. 72-462 Mtoe respectively. we will go on increasing our energy import bills. 000 MW – max potential Wind 45. 000 MW – max potential Bio Mass 50. The import of energy could be in the range of 30-60 % under different considered scenarios in IEP-2006. Coal Will exhaust by 2050 at 5% increase in production Lignite Will exhaust by 2045 Oil Will exhaust by 2028 Gas Will exhaust by 2043 Nuclear Uranium Will exhaust by 2057* Hydro 1. • Unless we plan for an alternative source of energy. 50. Natural Gas & Coal could be in the range of 315-450 Mtoe. The outcome of the result reveals the alarmic level of energy dependency. These options included adaptation of different mode of energy efficiency in demand side and also adaptation of new technologies for exploiting the renewable energy in large scale. -8- . 000 MW – max potential This makes very important to plan and develop feasible technologies to harness alternative energy through other resources other than the options mentioned here-in above. To give a better understanding the following table can give the import fuel bill considered at different imported fuel prices. 0-97 Mtoe.

Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant Oil Price ($ /Barrel) Gas Price ( $/MMBtu) Coal Price ( $ /T ) Fuel Import Bill (Bn $) % of GDP 500 80 438 1420 7. there has to be a paradigm-shift in energy mix with shifting focus from fossil fuel.6 135 10 100 72 2. For example. o In accordance with the above.7 400 64 350 1136 6. In order to sustain economy. many of the State Commissions have specified a percentage of the total purchases to be made from nonconventional energy sources. in the northern region the percentage of power purchase from renewable energy sources provided is as under: State % of power purchase from renewable energy sources as per the prevailing order of SERC Delhi 1% of the purchased energy translating to 223 MUs by the FY 2011. Haryana 10% of the energy consumption by the year 2009-10 translating to approximately 2000 MUs Punjab 4% of the energy consumption by the year 2011-12 translating to approximately 1900 MUs -9- .2 300 48 263 852 4.5 • The key imperatives in energy sector in order to fuel the required growth in Economy have to be essentially derived out of energy sustenance and going together with ecology and environment around us. The Electricity Act 2003 already stipulates minimum percentage of energy to be derived out of renewable energy sources which shall be binding in all states.

10 - . Wind – 1050 MW.5% of the energy consumption translating to approximately 2900 MUs Rajasthan Minimum of 9. This means energy equivalent to 500-550 MW need to be derived out of other non conventional energy sources in next 3 years time period as per Commission’s order. In addition to meet the RPO obligation the solar projects would also increase the energy security for the state .e. • The maximum potential of the state from the present non-conventional sources viz.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant Uttar Pradesh 7. • The Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) for the state of Rajasthan has been kept at 12% maximum and 9. With 22% of CUF for Wind and 80% for Biomass the Commission has fixed the upper limit of RE sources from Wind & Biomass as 2104 MW mainly for Wind and Biomass by year 2011-12. • It is therefore clear that there is a huge requirement for renewable energy sources for meeting the RPO obligation and the only source available is “Solar” • The solar potential which is unexplored so far is of the order of lakhs of MW keeping in view of the solar insolation value in North-west of Rajasthan (Thar desert) and availability of waste land. wind. SHP – Nil MW & Biomass – 50-100 MW.5% of the energy consumption by the year 2011-12 requiring a capacity of 2104 MW. biomass & SHP have been estimated as approximately 1100 MW i.5% as minimum of total energy consumption by Discoms from non-conventional energy sources by year 2011-12 as per RERC’s order of 29 th Sept 2006. o The commission had fixed the target of 1082 MW of Power plant based on RE sources by the end of 2007-08 against an installed capacity of 543 MW (almost 50%) as on 30 th Apr 2008 as per CEA.

The annual global radiation varies from 1600 to 2200 kWh/sq.1 As per Electricity Act 2003. it is sufficient to drive the present country’s energy demand. The equivalent energy potential is about 5. clause 7 stipulates “Any Generating Company may establish.1 Government Policy for Power Generation/Requirement of input/ clearances 2. The India Meteorological Department maintains a nationwide network of radiation stations which measure solar radiation and also the daily duration of sunshine. Rajasthan and particularly with a vast availability of waste land and receiving highest solar insolation value equivalent to DNI of 2185 kwh/m2/annum and it is believed that if 5% of Thar desert is covered with Solar collectors.11 - .m. operate and maintain a generating station without obtaining licence under this act if it complies with technical standards relating to connectivity with the grid”.000 trillion KWh per year. 2. In most parts of India. In view of above the 10 MW solar based power at Amritsar in Rajasthan is justified. northern part of Gujarat. making these areas suitable as locations for large central power stations based on solar energy.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant • India is located in the equatorial sun belt of the earth. The highest annual global radiation is received in Rajasthan. which is comparable with radiation received in the tropical and sub-tropical regions. o Solar power also has the inherent quality that the power is produced when it is most needed and is only form of despatchable Renewable energy contrary to others. clear sunny weather is experienced 250 to 300 days a year. In those areas also large areas of land are barren and sparsely populated.2. thereby receiving abundant radiant energy from the sun. .2 Requirement of input/clearances 2.

Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant 2. various Inputs/Statutory/Non statutory sanctions are to be tied-up. the project is envisaged to be executed thru a SPV in line with the current practice and as a requirement for financing from banker’s prospective. Relevant requirements thereof are as follows:1. 1956 ACME Tele Power Ltd is a registered company under Companies Act. However. 3. 1956. this is not applicable for a Solar project so long as no forest land is involved. The name of SPV company with due registration certificate along with its MoA etc will be intimated subsequently. 2. Registration of Company under Companies Act. unused and owned by private owners.2 GOI guidelines stipulates certain requirements for setting up of power project. Total land requirement for the 10 MW project will be 30 Ha approximately. However. State Pollution Control Board Clearance Solar based thermal power plant does not require any Environment clearance from Ministry of Environment & Forest and no Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) study also need to be carried out as per the EIA notification act of 14 th Sept 2006.12 - . The identified site doesn’t cover any sorts of . The land identified is a plain land and appears to have good soil bearing strength. 4.2. As stated above. The land is identified is presently identified to be waste. Land availability The project is proposed to be set up in Amritsar District. Environmental & Forest Clearance from MOE&F/State Environment Dept. the consent to establish / NOC from Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board (SPCB) shall be required and due permission will be obtained before making the plant operational.

irrigation and for thermal power stations.5 KV (at nominal tap). Prevailing tariff order and applicable Incentives. Airport Authority Clearance For Chimney Height Since there is no Chimney involved and also there is no airports nearby. Power Absorption Plan Power generated will be evacuated at 132 KV level to the nearest Substation at Karni.5 KV which will be stepped up to 132 KV level through use of the generator transformer of 35 MVA capacity having voltage ratio of 138/10. this clearance is not applicable. 8. 6. 7. Map showing the proposed substation is enclosed as II.13 - . 5. Water availability The source of surface water has been Indira Gandhi canal (Kanasar branch) at a distance of 6 kms of proposed site. It is proposed that upon award / sanction of the project by RREC/RERC request will be made for allocation of required consumptive water to the tune of 420 M 3 per day from the Commissioner office of Indira Gandhi Nahar Pariyogana with due supports from Govt of Rajasthan. The power evacuation for the 10 MW will be carried out through a 132 KV double circuit feeder using AAAC Moose conductor. The generator voltage will be 10. Hence this permission is not applicable. The generating transformer will be provided with OLTC for the required voltage regulation.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant plantation or forest land as per forest record or even otherwise. The water has been used presently for the purpose of drinking. annex. .

78 / kWh for PV and Rs 13. 9.14 - .Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant • MNRE has announced for supporting 50 MW solar projects both for PV and solar thermal in 11 th Plan by providing generation based incentive through its notification in Jan/Mar 08. • The state tariff solar orders announced by Rajasthan through its Order dated 2 nd Apr 2008 – Rs 15. Under this scheme 5 MW per developer and 10 MW per state has been allowed. For that purpose it has decided the nominal base tariff for Rs 15 / kWh for PV and Rs 13/kwh for solar thermal. Tariff Policy The Tariff Policy issued by Ministry of Power.4 states followings: th Jan 2006 (1) Pursuant to provisions of section 86(1)(e) of the Act. the Appropriate Commission shall fix a minimum percentage for purchase of energy from such sources taking into account availability of such resources in the region and its impact on retail tariffs. The subsidy component (max Rs 12 /kWh for PV and Rs 10/kwh for solar thermal) will be the difference of the highest tariff payable by respective state utility from the above notional tariff for solar power for a period of 10 years. The Policy formulation for implementation for 1000 MW CSP with preferential feed-in tariff with generation based incentive from GoI is under discussion of Ministry MNRE. GoI dated 6 under Para 6. • The National Solar Mission as per National Action Plan on Climate Change mandated for implementation of 1000 MW CSP (solar thermal) plant and manufacturing for 1000 MW PV components by 12 th Plan. Such .78 / kWh for CSP for 10 MW projects under MNRE scheme. For projects (upto 50 MW) over & above MNRE scheme the tariff will be as approved by RERC on cost plus basis.

(2) Such procurement by Distribution Licensees for future requirements shall be done. especially from non–conventional sources. All countries which are already planning to develop this sector are providing preferential feed-in tariff to make this sector attractive financially. The sector has to be essentially nurtured with suitable guaranteed feed-in tariffs to be decided by the respective Commissions on Cost Plus basis. (3) The C entral Commission should lay down guidelines within three months for pricing non-firm power. 2006. to be followed in cases where such procurement is not through competitive bidding. procurement by distribution companies shall be done at preferential tariffs determined by the Appropriate Commission. through competitive bidding process under Section 63 of the Act within suppliers offering energy from same type of non-conventional sources. th May 2008 for However in view of the nascent stage of exploitation of solar energy in Indian context and in the long run interest of making this technology to become viable. Therefore. In the long-term. as far as possible. Thus they are creating an environment with guaranteed . it is absolutely not recommended for opting competitive bidding for discovering the tariff at this point of time.15 - . The CERC has recently evolved a discussion paper on pricing of nonconventional energy sources through its paper dated 16 which the order can be expected in near future. these technologies would need to compete with other sources in terms of full costs.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant percentage for purchase of energy should be made applicable for the tariffs to be determined by the SERCs latest by April 1. It will take some time before non-conventional technologies can compete with conventional sources in terms of cost of electricity.

Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant returns where the requisite deployment is possible and inturn which automatically will reduce the cost. . the tariff is to be decided by the state regulators on Cost plus basis from the view point of the minimum RPO and its impact on retail tariff.16 - . supply chain management get established. Hence till that time. The cost reductions are only possible when minimum deployment of solar projects occur. local manufacturing of critical components start in India.

3.3 Location and Accessibility The site for the proposed 10 MW project is identified in Amritsar district. The site is approximately 25 Km from Amritsar and nearest Na tional Highway is NH15 (Amritsar – Jaisalmer).0 SITE FEATURES.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant SECTION – 3 3. workshop and administration building. stores. Power block comprising of TG building. .2 Land Land is required primarily for: a) Solar Field block. 3. Cooling Towers.17 - . III.1 LOCATION AND SITE DETAILS Considerations for Site Selection Siting of a Solar Thermal Power project is primarily governed by following considerations: a) Availability of land b) Solar Insolation c) Availability of water and proximity to source d) Proximity to the existing grid Topographic and site location Map is given in annex. 132 KV switchyard. The land required for accommodating the 10 MW Solar power plant is about 30 Ha. FUEL AND WATER AVAILABILITY 3.

448 0.642 0.552 0.589 0.157 0.417 0.821 0.805 0.837 0.483 0.554 0.085 0.656 0.185 July 0.722 0. for: a) b) Circulating water/cooling tower make up.679 0.816 0.091 0.818 0. The detailed records are enclosed as per annex.398 0.534 0.28 0.703 0.628 0.521 0.451 0.339 0.125 Aug 0.625 0.64 0.828 0.565 0.298 0.233 May 0.221 June 0.776 0.772 0.199 0.865 0.333 0.656 0.614 0.608 0.785 0.686 0.822 0.351 0.316 0.68 0.489 0.143 Mar 0.271 0.667 0.221 0. Make up for closed cooling water.455 0.112 Feb 0. considered to be an excellent site for development of CSP projects.837 0.173 Nov 0.292 0.728 0.853 0. I.326 0.217 0. As seen from here the DNI value that is of importance for CSP technology is of the order of 2285 kwh/m2 per annum.821 0.22 0.521 0.714 0.762 0.856 0.477 0.686 0.616 0.676 0.743 0.217 0.157 Dec 0.681 0.202 Apr 0.649 0.367 0.534 0.672 0.326 0.18 - .125 0.47 0.5 Water 2285 Water required in a Solar thermal power station is similar to a conventional fossil fuel based power stations i.078 Annual 3.18 0.727 0.45 0.34 0.405 0.347 0.329 0.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant The region is hot and receives scanty rainfall.459 0.278 0.838 0.846 0.513 0.452 0.825 0.787 0.752 0.119 0.288 0.698 0.51 0.344 0.547 0.194 0.e.54 0. c) d) Make-up for steam/condensate cycle.287 0.533 0.628 0.75 0.858 0.784 0.783 0.696 0.678 0.055 0.814 0.415 0.591 0. Service & Drinking purpose water including for residential Colony .274 0. 3.755 0.4 Solar Insolation Level The direct solar radiation as recorded at Jodhpur which is assumed to prevail in similar order and the values are placed as below.719 0.414 0.546 0.79 0.829 0.5 0.859 0.109 Sept 0.691 0.386 0.31 0.838 0.795 0.315 0.611 0.793 0.211 Oct 0.527 0. MEAN HOURLY DIRECT SOLAR RADIATION AT NORMAL INCIDENCE (kwh/m2) Hrs ending at 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Jan 0.786 0.

The power evacuation for the 10 MW will be carried out through a 132 KV double circuit feeder using AAAC Moose conductor. . The generating transformer will be provided with OLTC for the required voltage regulation. M 3 /hr.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant e) Fire fighting The break-up of water consumption for 10 MW project is illustrated as below.4 1 Residential Colony water ---------------------35 M 3 /hr With plant operation envisaged for 12 hrs. Map showing the proposed substation is enclosed as annex. the daily water requirement would be in the order of 420 M 3 .6 Miscellaneous water 2 1.19 - .5 KV which will be stepped up to 132 KV level through use of the generator transformer of 35 MVA capacity having voltage ratio of 138/10. Evaporation Loss in Cooling tower 24 6 Blowdown for Cooling tower with COC of 5 Boiler DM water make-up Service 0. II. 3.6 Proximity to Grid Power Absorption Plan Power generated will be evacuated at 132 KV level to the nearest Substation at Karni. The generator voltage will be 10.5 KV (at nominal tap).

In general.2 PV Technology Flat-plate photovoltaic collectors contain an array of individual photovoltaic cells. it is common to see flat-plate photovoltaic . 4. Like flat-plate photovoltaic collectors (panels) absorb both energy coming directly from the sun's disc. providing electrical energy to a load. connected in a series/parallel circuit. and diffuse and reflected energy coming from other directions. thru Solar Photo – Voltaic (PV) or Solar Thermal. Solar thermal uses the heat component of the solar source. PV cells convert incident light directly into electricity as explained in Particle theory of Physics. and encapsulated within a sandwich structure with the front surface being glass or plastic.e. Unlike thermal collectors however. flat-plate photovoltaic panels are mounted in a fixed position and tilted toward the south to optimize noontime and daily energy production.1 Basics of Solar Power There are two ways of producing electricity from solar source i.20 - . However. Photovoltaic panels need to loose as much heat as possible to the atmosphere to optimize their performance.0 TECHNOLOGY SELECTION 4. These "free" electrons start flowing through a circuit forming an electrical current.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant SECTION – 4 4. Solar energy falls directly upon the photovoltaic cell front surface and produces a small direct current voltage. the backside of the panel is not insulated. Heat is used directly or through an intermediate fluid to generate steam which is used in steam turbine to produce the electricity.a semiconductor) and "knock off" electrons. Incident photons (light ray) strike on the PV cell (made of special grade Silicon .

India is a sun belt country and receives abundant solar energy equivalent to 5000 Trillion kWh per year and more importantly it has vast waste land available not useful for any other purpose. it can replace the present electricity produced from all Utility power plants all over India. This fact distinguishes CSP from many other renewable energy technologies and promise to become cost-competitive with conventional fossil fuel plants during the next decade. also known as solar thermal power is a relatively unexploited form of renewable energy. Despite the few existing solar thermal power plants worldwide and the meager public awareness. 4. different CSP concepts turned out for different applications and market segments. Three popular technologies are available today commercially for large scale deployment if proper break-through is made in a cohesive manner overcoming the present bottlenecks in supply chain and removal of entry barriers for new players in the field. If approximately 1% of the world’s desert area were covered by solar thermal power plants. It works on two principles either on line focusing or point focusing mode. 4.21 - . Those are Parabolic tough technology (PTC).Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant panels mounted on mechanisms that track the sun about one tilted axis. CSP is already a commercially proven and demonstrated technology. Solar Towers used for utility MW scale power plants and Parabolic Dish using sterling engines used for KW scale Distributed generation. According to the way of concentration.1 Parabolic trough system: .3. sufficient energy would be generated to meet today’s entire electricity demand and similarly if 5% of our Thar desert is covered. The technology uses concentrated solar radiation through sun tracking mirrors for electricity generation in large-scale gird-connected power plants.3 Solar Thermal Power Generating Technology Concentrating solar power (CSP). thereby increasing the daily output of the panels.

These types of power plants can have energy storage system or instead they are coupled to natural gas fired back up systems. solar tracking controls. absorber tubes. Collector frames which position the mirrors & absorber tubes.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant Parabolic trough power plants are line-focusing Solar Thermal Electric (STE) power plants.22 - . The collectors rotate about horizontal north– south axes through solar tracking system.3. heliostats (A Heliostat is a device . The HTF (heat transfer fluid) inside the absorber pipe is heated and pumped to the steam generator. deaerators. Solar tower power plants are point-focusing Solar Thermal Electric (STE) power plants. is connected to a steam turbine. in turn.2 Solar Tower with Central Receiver: Solar power towers generate electric power from sunlight by focusing concentrated solar radiation on a tower-mounted heat exchanger (receiver). 4. Trough systems use the low iron mirrors of parabolic shape to focus direct solar radiation on a 70 mm dia absorber pipe running along the focal line of the parabola. In power tower systems. Heat exchanger for using the heat in forming steam which is used in conventional rankine cycle power block consisting of a reheat or non-reheat turbine with regenerative feed water heaters. The major components in the system are Mirrors. A typical configuration of such systems is shown in Figure below. which. fluid transfer pumps.

throughout the day. the heliostat controls. The thermal energy can either be transported to a central generator for conversion.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant that tracks the movement of the sun which is used to orient a mirror of field of mirrors. Heliostat field. to reflect sunlight onto a target-receiver) reflect and concentrate sunlight onto a central tower-mounted receiver where the energy is transferred through HTF i. This can be used directly as heat for thermal application or for power generation.23 - . Solar Receiver Steam 40bar.06 bar. through hot air. the storage system. which drives the generator. which absorbs the energy and converts it into thermal energy.e. or it can be converted directly into electricity at a local generator coupled to the receiver (Figure below) . 250°C Turbine Generator 11. are the major components of the system. the receiver.3 Parabolic dish systems: The parabolic dish system uses a parabolic dish shaped mirror or a modular mirror system that approximates a parabola and incorporates two-axis tracking to focus the sunlight onto receivers located at the focal point of the dish. 50°C 4.3.0 MWe Heliostat field Storage Condenser 0. or thru molten nitrate salt or can be used to direct generate steam. and the steam turbine.

even after sun sets through use of thermal storage of 6-8 hours. Here two tank storage system is employed with two nos. 4.24 - .6 Experience in CSP Industry . or operated with fossil fuel. all the solar thermal technologies can be hybridized. Probably this is one of solar thermal’s biggest strength just as hydel and can be used for meeting the peak load requirement . After sunset the stored sensible heat from the hot molten tank passes to the cold tank after releasing its heat in the heat exchanger.5 Thermal Storage In case of Solar Thermal power plant there is potential for producing electricity.4 Integration with Power Cycles Because of their thermal nature. decreasing its cost (by making more effective use of power generation equipment). and reducing technological risk by allowing conventional fuel use when needed. 4.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant 4. This type of plants are called as Integrated Steam Combined Cycle System (ISCCS). of molten nitrate salt (60% NaNO3 + 40% KNo3) which stores sensible heat storage during day time by installation of additional solar collector fields depending the storage hours of operation. Hybridization has the potential to increase the output of CSP plant by increasing its availability and dispatchability.

5 hrs thermal storage at Andasol on parabolic trough technology and another 20 MW plant (PS 20) using solar tower technology will come into operation by the end of this year. Spain. c. the start was with a 64 MW plant built at Nevada in US using parabolic trough technologies similar to SEGS plant and operating since June 2007. the industry has again kick-started. b.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant a. The units are still operating producing electricity at price even lesser than conventional fossil fuel plants. Egypt 130 MW ISCCS with 20 MW CSP. with one unit of 49. Morocco 450 MW ISCCS with 30 MW CSP. LUZ Company installed nine such plants between 1985–1991 totaling to 354 MWe capacity. CSP was first commercialized in mid 1980’s in California in the United States.25 - .9 MW with 7. 4. but subsequent fall of fossil fuel price and withdrawal of tax credits by US Govt. ii. North African countries. This makes for a total of 429 MW CSP plant operation at the moment on commercial basis. Algeria 130 MW ISCCS with 30 MW CSP. Israel. Additional 4000 MW CSP projects are under various stages of development across various countries and mainly in US. After a long time gap and with rise in oil/other fossil fuel prices. Abu-Dhabi. Egypt. made the developer Luz bankrupt and so the whole sector went into dormant state. In addition to that 370 MW CSP plant are under construction in Spain. d. Though the plants were commercialized between mid eighties and early nineties after the experiencing the Oil shock in 1970’s. iii. Besides other major CSP installations under construction are:i. Besides another 11 MW plant (PS 10) using solar tower technology is put on operational in Spain in April 2007.7 Selected Technology For Rajasthan’s Amritsar Project .

even after sun sets through use of thermal storage of 6-8 hours. • Because of its inherent process of conversion of electricity. • The efficiency of PV based plants is highest at min ambient temp and same drops down with increase in ambient temperature. PV cells work better in cold weather conditions with bright sunlight. This is because of increase in junction resistance and accordingly occurrence of higher internal voltage drop. So potential for effecting capital cost reduction with increase in volume is very high for Solar thermal plants. On the contrary the solar thermal option uses commonly used glass and steel which have no constraints in today’s production and more over the power block having boiler and steam turbine are similar to conventional coal fired power plant. and Solar thermal (CSP) technology works best in hot weather condition.26 - . • In case of Solar Thermal power plant there is potential for producing electricity.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant The selection of technology for the proposed project is made based on following points. Presently the capex of CSP is high because of limited players and limited users. Probably this is one of solar thermal’s biggest strength just as hydel and can be used for meeting the peak load requirement. • PV based plant uses silicon which is presently expensive and needs lots of innovation & volume to reduce its capital cost to compete with conventional fossil plant. On the other hand Solar to thermal efficiency for CSP technology achieves peak value at highest ambient temperature. • Solar thermal power plants are optimal with Megawatt class power generation while Solar PV based plants are generally better suited for distributed power generation application. .

During starting time & during stopping time the project would be drawing the auxiliary power from the grid as start-up power. 50°C . In the solar block there will be large nos. no supporting fuels such as gas or coal and it would have no thermal storage also.06 bar. location of proposed power station. The receiver will receive the heat and would make steam out of feed water. The plant will have no hybrid i. The bottoming cycle will be a conventional rankine cycle having steam turbine with condenser. potential of cost reduction with volume of deployment. The superheated steam at parameters of 59 bar & at temperature of 427 deg C will be passed through a conventional steam turbine to generate electricity.27 - . A schematic on this is provided as below. 427°C Turbine Generator Heliostat field Storage Condenser 0. Solar Receiver Steam 59bar. it is recommended to go for CSP-Solar Tower Technology . of flat mirrors (called as heliostats) made of low iron mirror will be concentrating & converging the direct solar radiation to a single point (called as receiver) to be located on top of a 45 Meter concrete / steel tower. size of the plant. The difference with a conventional coal fired plant would be in regards to coal fired boiler and its auxiliary plant for coal & ash handling plant which would be replaced with solar fields giving the requisite heat input.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant In view of strengths of technologies as discussed. proveness of technology else where in similar conditions. The steam turbine and its auxiliary system will be designed for daily start and daily stop. cooling tower & CW system. So the plant would be started and would generate during the day time only and would stop when sun sets.e.

which will be sending the signals for the same. cooling tower & CW system. The steam turbine will have a regenerative and non-reheat type thermodynamic rankine cycle. The difference with a conventional coal fired plant would be in regards to coal fired boiler and its auxiliary plant for coal & ash handling plant which would be replaced with solar fields giving the requisite heat . of flat mirrors (called as heliostats) made out of low iron glass. mirrors The bottoming cycle will be a conventional rankine cycle having steam turbine with condenser. towers for cameras for each 5 MW CSP plant. The feed water will be sent back to the receivers through a common feed water header through Boiler feed water pumps and the condensate extraction pumps. It shall have large nos. Each receiver tower will have 12180 sq M mirrors out of which half of the mirrors will be positioned in north side of tower and another 50% mirrors will be located in south of the tower and all of them will be facing East-West side. Thus each 5 MW plant will have 24.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant Configuration details of Rajasthan’s Amritsar project: The proposed project will have two modular units of 5 MW capacity and the technology will be based on CSP – Solar tower technology. There will be 2 nos. Each heliostats will have own steel supporting structure with rotating mechanism for two dimensional solar tracking system and a software driven central control system. Each mirror will be of 1420 mm X 800mm dimension and will have two-dimensional solar tracking system and would track the sun and concentrate the solar radiation to a receiver at single point both at front and rear wall of the receiver. receiver towers and 20 nos. Each receiver will have steaming capacity of approximately 14 tons per hour and would be joining to a common steam header at 59 bar & at temperature of 427 deg C. working on a point focus technology instead of line focusing technology as adopted in the Parabolic trough technology. which will be concentrating & converging the direct solar radiation to a single point (called as receiver) to be located on top of a 45 Meter concrete / steel tower.360 having very low iron content with very high reflectivity in the order of more than 94% and having very low absorbity.28 - . The feed water temperature leaving the HP/LP heaters & Deareator will be at around 135 deg C. The superheated steam at this pressure will be expanded in a conventional steam turbine having nominal rating of 5 MW.

29 - . During starting time & during stopping time the project would be drawing the auxiliary power from the grid as start-up power.06 bar. The plant will have no hybrid i. The steam turbine and its auxiliary system will be designed for daily start and daily stop. no supporting fuels such as gas or coal and it would have no thermal storage also. A schematic on this is provided as below. Solar Receiver Steam 59bar. So the plant would be started and would generate during the day time only and would stop when sun sets. 50°C . 427°C Turbine Generator 5 MW Heliostat field Storage Condenser 0.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant input.e.

The schematic of plot plan is attached as annexure . outdoor transformer. Cooling tower and associated CW/ACW system will be inserted at the central location of Solar block for optimization.1 Plot Plan The plot plan will be basically comprised of approximately 30 Ha solar field containing heliostat. taking due care for movement of materials. all other equipment shall be located indoors. The proposed plant and equipment will be located in such a way as to facilitate extension of the facilities/access etc.30 - . Except for the outdoor solar mirrors.0 PLOT PLAN AND GENERAL ARRANGEMENT 5. receiver and the power block including the Turbine Building. and switchyard. Plant roads shall be laid to provide access to various areas of the proposed station.V . mirrors.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant SECTION – 5 5.

No type of air pollution is envisaged from the proposed power plant while the water effluent handling will not be a major task in view of no involvement of fly/bottom ash.31 - .6 6. The plant shall obtain the No Objection Certificate / Consent to Establish from the State Pollution Control Board.0 ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS Solar based thermal power plants do not use any fuel and therefore do not contribute to environmental pollution so much so that MOEF has excluded Solar Power Plants from their purview. .Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant SECTION .

inspection of plant and equipment at the manufacturer/ suppliers works. one for erection of equipment and one for testing and . award of contracts for procurement of plant and equipment and civil works. etc. coordination. Engineering agency will be deployed separately for Power Block and Solar Block. review of detailed design and engineering work. technical specifications. monitoring of the progress of the project. support supervisory service for site construction management and would be overall responsible.7 7. evaluation of bids. The construction organisation at site will have three main groups – one for civil works.1 Management Overall management of the Project will be looked after by the executives of the SPV project company. further split may be done to optimize the capital cost. The project company shall arrange to carry out the preparation of tender documents. 7. supervision and quality control during erection. testing and commissioning and guarantee test of various plant and equipment at Project site. If required. The engg agency engaged for power block will also act as owner’s engineer and would be responsible for review / interface design along with solar block. They will also look after the overall planning. The project will be executed on an EPC basis separately for Solar Block and Power Block and the EPC contract shall be awarded to an experienced contractor.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant SECTION .0 MANAGEMENT AND EXECUTION OF PROJECT 7. drawing approvals.2 Construction Organization The construction organisation at site will be headed by a Project Manager who will be assisted by a number of other executives and supervisory staff.32 - .

7. Supporting functions such as administration. However exact sources of supplies will have to be tied up. testing and commissioning of the plant and equipment will be got done through contractors / suppliers of equipment on turnkey basis. an area of about 500 m provided for construction of temporary storage sheds and office and open space for storing of construction material and equipment. 7.5 Methodology of Execution The implementation of the project may be got carried out through an EPC contract. planning. 2 is proposed to be Certain open area. The entire work will be got executed through contracting . accounts. Kiln burn quality bricks can be obtained from suppliers within the district. finance. quality control and supervision during erection. 7. outside of plant site. testing and commissioning of the Project will be provided by the construction organisation including consultants. erection. Cement and steel can be purchased from the open market. Construction of Civil works and erection.33 - . Power and water required during construction. testing and commissioning will t ied up.3 Infrastructure Requirements During the construction period. Adequate space is available at the proposed site. material management.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant commissioning of equipment. Approach road to site will be developed. such as stone aggregate will be available from surrounding areas.4 Availability of Construction Material Raw material for the construction of the proposed station. will have to be organised to allow construction of labour colony and temporary living accommodation for contractor’s staff.

The broad implementation plan is enclosed as annex. various audio – visual cards.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant agencies under the overall supervision of the construction organisation and consultants. • • Specialized training at various Training institutes in the country.6 Construction Schedule The completion schedule will be 18 months from the date of signing of PPA and obtainment of other clearances. Training of O & M staff will be arranged through prevalent methods and practices which will include training by technology suppliers.8 Training For operation and maintenance of thermal power plants of this capacity the adequate experience and expertise exists in the country.34 - . a well maintained Library and requisite set up for Training activity. . These will be reinforced by • In-plant training to the operators at the site itself prior to commissioning of the plant. 7. • Continued training of O& M staff through experts and suppliers staff as part of the in-plant training programme. Training at suppliers works and construction activities. helpers etc. operators. 7. The estimated total manpower for operation and maintenance of the power station is expected to be of the order of 50. technicians. 7. IV.7 Operation & Maintenance The operation and maintenance organisation will be headed by a Station Superintendent who will be assisted by adequate number of supervisors. financial closure and possession of land etc.

D Debt : Equity 70:30 . The main capital cost.35 - .85 / KWhr on the basis of assumptions given Plant Capacity 10 MW Capital cost Rs.0 FINANCIAL ASPECTS The capital cost for the proposed 10 MW project has been estimated based on a) eSolar’s offer for the Solar field components b) offers received from domestic sources for the Power Block components & Receiver tower and c) break up as per our consultant’s database for balance of plant. The loan capital shall be made up through loans from financial institutions / banks on the basis of balance sheet of ACME Tele Power Limited. The complete break-upof capital cost estimate alongwith operational and financial norms for the project is provided in Annexure D hereto.96 crores per MW (including the IDC). Detailed break-up as per annex.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant SECTION – 8 8. operational and financial norms for the project proposed by the petitioner is as under for the purpose of calculation of tariff in a conventional way: 8.3 Cost of Generation The levellised cost of generation of electrical power for the proposed 10 MW unit has been estimated at below: Rs 12. 8. 14.2 Funding Sources The equity capital shall be made up through ACME’s own resources.

Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant Tenure of the Debt 10 years with quarterly payment for installation Tenure of PPA 25 years Construction period of the project 18 months Depreciation 3.5 % CDM Benefit 100 % passed on to tariff with assumption of .25 % of the project cost 3% considered as inflation on year to year Aux consumption 10% 3% additional has been considered for drawing from the grid during daily start and stop operation.99% Discount factor 10.36 - .49% Return on Equity 15.75% of the project cost 0.33% Corporate tax @ 33. Tax Tax holiday for 10 years MAT @ 11.6% Advance against depreciation As per the CERC norm and the salvage value considered as 10% of the Project cost Rate of interest on long term loan 12% Rate of interest on working capital 12% Working capital • • • One month O&M Charge One month receivables 20% of the O&M cost as maintenance spares PLF 24% O&M Insurance 0.

85 kg/kWh and the carbon credit of Rs 1000 per ton for a period of 25 years Grid Power rate for start-up Rs 4 /kwh 8.8 Cr per MW Andasol (50 MW) without thermal storage (yr 2008) SEGS unit IV (30 MW) (yr 1989) 90 Million USD 15 Cr per MW 197 Million Euro 26.46 Cr per MW Andasol (50 MW) with thermal storage (yr 2008) 300 Million Euro 40. Project Cost Cost Per MW (Current) Nevada 64 MW (yr 2007) 262 MUSD 20. Provisions have been made towards escalation in prices of O&M costs.5 Statutory taxes/levies/duties/cess or any other kind of impositions whatsoever imposed/charged by Central Government/ State Government and/ or any other local bodies/authorities on generation and sale of power.4 All input costs are considered at current day prices. including auxiliary power consumption has not been considered. 8.79 Cr per MW . It can be seen from the following table (listing the cost of executed Plants as have been reported in public Domain) that our proposed tariff for the solar plant is lowest among them.Detailed Project Report 10 MW Amritsar Solar Thermal power Plant saving of CO2 emmission @ 0.37 - .

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