Unit 2

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Learning hours: NQF level 4: Description of unit

Principles of Practice
60 BTEC Higher National — H2

This unit develops understanding of the values and principles that underpin the practice of all those who work in health and social care, particularly from the perspective of those with management and leadership roles. Learners will explore formal and informal mechanisms required to promote good practice by individuals in the workforce including personal strategies that can influence the performance of others. The unit will provide supporting evidence for those working towards S/NVQ Level 4 in Care and those who aim to work in health and social care professions.

Summary of learning outcomes
To achieve this unit a learner must: 1 2 3 4 5 Explore how the values of health and social care are demonstrated in health and social care settings Analyse the impact of legislation and national policy initiatives on local policy and practice Analyse how a care worker in health and social care contributes to the development and implementation of organisational policy Critically evaluate the principles and theories that underpin practice and active support for the individual Evaluate ways to place the needs and preferences of the individual central to practice.

maintaining. needs. discrimination. codes of practice. access to information. use relationships to promote rights. multiorganisational Approaches to supporting individuals: expressing wishes. protection from danger and harm 3 Development and implementation of organisational policy Roles. assessing and managing risks Influences on own work: philosophies. personal development needs. responsibilities. support networks that support health and well being 5 Needs and preferences of the individual Information: accessing. advocates etc. duties Benefits Recommendations 4 Principles and theories Theories: human growth and development. managing loss and change. disclosure of information Implications: changes to own practice. reviewing. family and friends. families. choice and wellbeing. principles. self-esteem. choice. ending. support and attention: for individuals. confidentiality. other workers within the organisation. carers. communicating with individuals. responsibility for own health and care. access to information about selves Protect: taking account of limitations. preferences. dealing with and challenging discrimination Impact of discrimination: identity. to those for whom responsible. development needs of others Standards and guidance: about individuals. identity and self-esteem.Content 1 Values of health and social care Examples from experience: as a care worker eg in different care roles. groups and communities. dignity. keeping individuals safe. influencing and changing practice of others. diversity. in different settings Requirements: equality. multi-disciplinary. power relationships Supervision: supervision and appraisal Factors: relationships. conflicts and dilemmas. protection from danger. identifying how needs can be met. groups and communities 2 Legislation and national policy initiatives Relevant: to self. priorities . others external to the organisation Legislation: on data protection. confidence Care. carers. about physical and mental health conditions encountered in practice Relationships: methods for forming. stress and behaviour. accountabilities.

Critically evaluate the principles and theories that underpin practice and active support for the individual • • • • . accountabilities and duties in the organisation make recommendations to develop own contributions to meeting good practice requirements apply relevant theory to practice situations explain the role of supervision and appraisal in supporting principles of practice analyse factors supporting well-being of individuals. responsibilities. how legal and organisational requirements are applied to ensure that the rights of individuals are met describe a range of ways in which care workers protect the rights and interests of individuals analyse the impact of discrimination on individuals explain ethical dilemmas and conflict that may arise when providing care. carers. support and protection explain the regulations. Analyse how a care worker in health and social care contributes to the development and implementation of organisational policy • • • • 4. Explore how the values of health and social care are demonstrated in health and social care settings • describe. Analyse the impact of legislation and national policy initiatives on local policy and practice • • • 3. groups and communities evaluate own practice in relation to principles and theories • • • 2. codes of practice.Outcomes Assessment criteria for pass To achieve each outcome a learner must demonstrate the ability to: 1. accountabilities and duties in the context of those working within and outside the workplace analyse benefits to others of own contributions to development and implementation of organisational policies evaluate how organisational policies. practices and guidance provide a framework to support own roles. standards and guidance relevant to work in health and social care analyse implications for own practice of legislation relevant to own workplace explain how local policies and procedures can be developed in accordance with national and policy requirements analyse own role. through examples from experience. responsibilities. families.

Outcomes Assessment criteria for pass To achieve each outcome a learner must demonstrate the ability to: • demonstrate ability to access and apply new knowledge to support own practice • analyse the way relationships support individuals 5 Evaluate ways to place the needs and preferences of the individual central to practice • evaluate different approaches to providing support or individuals and key people • critically evaluate the factors that influence own work with others within and outside the care organization • present evidence of your practice .

Assessment It is recommended that learners are given time to develop their workplace experience. feedback from others. Learners will be expected to identify and discuss relevant theories and be prepared to address evidence needed to meet the assessment criteria that is not otherwise addressed by naturally occurring circumstances in the workplace.3: Provide Guidance on Values at Work. Responsibilities and Diversity Of People SC16: Assess Clients Needs and Circumstances SC17: Evaluate Risk of Abuse.Guidance Delivery Learners should be encouraged throughout to reflect on their own experience and observations from workplace settings through class discussion. Evidence may be drawn from. issues arising in the media etc. Learners will be expected to present evidence based substantially on their work in health and social care. use of case studies. . Maintain and Evaluate Systems and Structures to Promote the Rights. in particular: • • • • • • • • • • • • Unit 1: Communicating in Health and Social Care Unit 9: Ensuring Best Outcomes for Individuals Unit 10: Understanding Abuse Unit 16: Understanding Specific Needs Unit 17: Community Development Work Unit 21: Supporting Significant Life Events Unit 22: Counselling Skills Development and Practice Unit 30: Vocational Practice in Health and Social Care. Tutor input will be required to support learner understanding of the legal frameworks that are applicable and also in identifying and applying relevant theories. Links This unit links with and underpins many of the units directly connected with practice and with managing activities. The unit also contributes to the underpinning knowledge for the S/NVQ level 5 Strategic Management Unit A7: Establish Strategies to Guide the Work of Your Organisation and Element C6. Diversity and Rights O3: Develop. role play. Failure to Protect and Harm to Self and Others. reflective writing in personal learning journals. knowledge and understanding before assessment of this unit. Tutors are encouraged to utilise the many links with other units to support delivery of this unit. case study examples. review of organisational practices. for example. The unit is intended to underpin the following S/NVQ level 4 units from the care award: O2: Promote People's Equality. reflection on observation of others.

2nd Edition (Hodder Arnold. Case study material will be essential. and can be provided by the tutor or can be based on the learner's own working situations.Resources Tutors need to be appropriately qualified and experienced in the care sector to cover the principles and the management aspects of this unit. 2001) ISBN: 0340731338 Webb R and Tossell D — Social Issues for Carers: Towards Positive Practice. Support materials Textbooks Holland K and Hogg C — Cultural Awareness in Nursing and Health Care An Introductory Text (Hodder Arnold. Library resources need to support the range of knowledge addressed. or in place of. work-based evidence. Access to video equipment may be valuable if college-based project work is to be used to supplement. 1998) ISBN: 0340706252 .

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