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Sensory Processing in the Classroom Sped

Sensory Processing in the Classroom Sped

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Published by: Superfixen on Oct 27, 2010
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Sensory Processing in the Classroom

Presented by: Laura Peregoy, MS, OTR/L

AGENDA 
   



Introduction/What is OT? Sensory Processing What is it? Sensory Processing--Development Signs of Sensory Processing/Sensorimotor Problems Conclusion Questions

work.What is Occupational Therapy?    Occupational Therapy is the therapeutic use of self-care. and play activities to increase independent function. (AOTA. enhance development. and prevent disabilities [and] may include adaptation of task or environment to achieve maximum independence and to enhance quality of life. OT s have 2 broad goals for the children we serve:  To improve the child s functional performance  To enhance the child s ability to interact with his or her physical and social environments . 1986) OT s are concerned with analyzing the child s ability to perform in their everyday context.

Sensory Processing  Imagine . .

Developmental Tree of Sensory Motor Skills .

Definition of Terms:        Vestibular Proprioception Tactile Auditory Visual Olfactory Gustatory .

The vestibular receptors are the hair cells located in and around the inner ear and are responsible for the detection of changes in head position and movement.Vestibular     The vestibular system is the sensory system that responds to changes in head position in relation to gravity. acceleration and deceleration. emotional responses to movement. . The vestibular system provides such information as: Are you moving? Are you right side up or upside down? How fast are you going? What direction? The vestibular system influences muscle tone in certain muscle groups. Dysfunction in the vestibular system may result in the avoidance and fearfulness of movement activities or in a lack of awareness of heights and the resulting danger. equilibrium responses. and even mood and behavior.

Proprioceptive input provides us with an internal map of our body as well as provides information to the brain on how the body is moving and the position of a body part at any given moment in time. .Proprioception   Proprioception refers to the internal awareness of one s body as received through muscle and joint receptors and is stimulated by active movement.

Discriminative System: Gives the body information about the quality of the stimuli. .   Protective System: The pain and temperature channel serves as protective touch as it alerts the body to any potentially harmful or dangerous stimuli.Tactile    The sense of touch Pertains to the awareness or perception of the location or change in position of an external stimulus applied to the skin. There are 2 subsystems: It is necessary for the two systems to be balanced and work together.

Auditory   The sense of hearing Auditory processing refers to the brain s ability to apply meaning to this sensory information (sounds) and not to how well the ear is hearing (auditory acuity). .

visual sequential memory. visual closure. visual form constancy. visual spatial relationships. Includes: visual memory. . and visual figure-ground. visual discrimination.Visual    The sense of sight Visual processing refers to the brain s ability to apply meaning to the sensory information (vision) and not how well the eye is seeing (visual acuity).

The olfactory information goes to a deep portion of the brain and has a very strong emotional overflow that strongly affects feelings and emotions. .Olfactory  This sense of smell.

Gustatory The sense of taste Gustatory perception is dependent on olfactory sensation.   .

Signs of Sensory Processing and Sensorimotor Problems  Sensory:           Spinning Headbanging Outbursts Emotional instability Poor eye contact Dislikes change Avoids motor play Poor awareness of self in space Poor control in regard to self-stimming Hand flapping .

Signs of Sensory Processing and Sensorimotor Problems           Repetitive speech Biting Clumsiness Floppy muscle tone Does not like touch Cannot feel touch Poor or no midline crossing Poor coordination between the two sides of the body Short attention span Hyperactive .

Signs of Sensory Processing and Sensorimotor Problems      Decreased ability to concentrate Decreased ability for abstract thought Decreased oral motor skills stemming from the sensory organs Decreased gravitational security Decreased balance .

Signs of Sensory Processing and Sensorimotor Problems  Motor:         Raised shoulders Poor gross motor skills Disjointed appearance Poor fine motor skills Poor handwriting Appears tight or rigid during activity Toe walkers Bird walk .

Sensory Processing is different for every person and may vary day by day or even minute by minute. .Conclusion   Sensory Processing or sensory integration refers to the brain s ability to assign meaning to incoming sensory stimuli.

Questions? .

Los Angeles. Carol Stock. Skylight Press Books. 2006 Kranowitz. Presentation. A. Behavior and Motor Control. Pratt. Georgia. Pat Nuse. Occupational Therapy for Children. September 28-29. 1996 Denniger-Bryant. Debra J. CA 1979 Case-Smith. Sensory Integration and the Child. Allen. Anne. Jane. The Out-of-Sync Child. Gainsville.References     Ayres. Sensory Integration: Its Effect on Learning. New York. Western Psychological Services. Jean. 1998 . Mosby.

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