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Predictive Analytics And Data Mining Vocabulary

 Binary Classification Problems: The "Target Column" contains either "0" or "1".
 N-ary Classification Problems: The "Target Column" contains several different values
 Continuous Classification Problems: The "Target Column" contains some continuous number (for example: we have to
predict an amount of euros or dollars)

 dataset (learning dataset): it's the table to analyse


 variables: the columns of the dataset
 target column: the column to predict
 targets: the individuals with a "Target Column" that contains "1" (in our case here: the individuals with an income level above
$50K)
 model (predictive model): a system that takes as input the column of a dataset and that guess the value of the "Target
column".