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lj;o-;"rL

clewƙlks]

 

cŪ;flngL gfd

wƙ;ś)L-cŪsyf

uƅf/Ƙsyf

2

lgbfgsyf

3

;'d]wsyf

13

 

1= lrų'ƍfbsůá

31

g]j;ţfgf;ţfotg+

85

t]e"dss';njŰgf

87

nás'ų/s';njŰgf

88

nás'ų/s';n+ klsŰssyf

91

k&ddƮjL;ltdxfgoá

94

b'ltod±Ʈëf

95

tltort'ŴdƮf

95

rt'dƮgo;xƧ+

95

ltsdfltsĕkbjŰgf b'sdfltsĕkbjŰgf ;'ųlƃsb'sdfltsĕkbjŰgf sĕdfjr/s';nkbefhgLo+ sĕdfjr/s';n+ ƀf/syf

31

34

35

36

44

sĕosƙƀf/syf

44

jrLsƙƀf/syf

46

dgásƙƀf/syf

46

sƙsyf

47

cs';nsƙkysyf

50

s';nsƙkysyf

51

sƙky;+;Ɔgsyf

52

wƙ'Ź];jf/á

53

mƧkťds/fl;jŰgf

53

´fgś/fl;jŰgf

55

OlƇo/fl;jŰgf

56

dƮś/fl;jŰgf

58

an/fl;jŰgf

58

d"n/fl;jŰgf

59

sƙky/fl;jŰgf

60

náskfnb'sjŰgf

60

kƧźflbo'unjŰgf

60

o]jfkgsjŰgf

61

sĕdfjr/s';n+ lgŹ];jf/syf

62

cs';nkb+

97

wƙ'Ź];jf/syf

97

k&dlrų+

98

lgŹ];jf/syf

99

b'ltolrų+

100

tltolrų+

100

rt'Ŵlrų+

100

kťdlrų+

100

%Ūlrųflb

100

gjdlrų+

100

b;dlrų+

101

Psĕb;dlrų+

101

ƀfb;dlrų+

101

cƓfstkb+

102

cx]t'ss';nljkfs]ĕ

102

cŪdxfljkfslrųjŰgf

ljkfs'źf/syf

103

103

¿kfjr/f¿kfjr/ljkfssyf

109

nás'ų/ljkfssyf

110

cs';nljkfssyf

110

lsl/ofƓfstjŰgf

111

dgáwft'lrų+

111

lsl/odgáljţf)wft'lrųflg

111

¿kfjr/f¿kfjr/lsl/o+

112

s]ĕŪf;jf/á

67

;'ţtjf/á

68

b'ltolrų+

68

tltolrų+

68

rt'Ŵlrų+

68

kťdlrų+

69

%Ūlrųflb

69

k'ţlsl/ojŴflbsyf

69

¿kfjr/s';njŰgf

71

rt'Ŋgoá k&dŢĕg+

71

b'ltoŢĕg+

73

tltoŢĕg+

74

rt'ŴŢĕg+

75

kťsgoá

76

klkbfrt'Ŋ+

77

cf/ƙ)rt'Ŋ+

78

cf/ƙ)klkbfldƧs+

78

cleefotgsyf

79

ljdáŋsyf

80

Ɣƪljxf/syf

80

c;'esyf

82

c¿kfjr/s';njŰgf

83

cfsĕ;fgťfotg+

83

ljţf)ťfotg+

85

cflsťţfotg+

85

pŹ];jŰgf

2= ¿ksůá

112

112

Psljw¿k;ś

114

b'ljw¿k;ś

114

ltljw¿k;ś

114

rt'lƑwflb¿k;śxf

114

¿kljelųPsslgŹ];jŰgf

115

b'slgŹ];jŰgf

115

pkfbfefhgLosyf

116

rt'ŊlgŹ];jŰgf

124

kťslgŹ];jŰgf

124

%ŊĕlblgŹ];jŰgf

124

gjsĕlblgŹ];jŰgf

124

klsŰssyf

125

 

3= lgŋ]ksůá

126

ltslgŋ]ksyf

126

b'slgŋ]ksyf

131

;'ųlƃsb'slgŋ]ksyf

138

 

4= cŪsyfsůá

143

ltscŴ'źf/jŰgf

143

b'scŴ'źf/jŰgf

147

lgudgsyf

148

1

@ 14 wƙ;śl)-cŪsyfM

125

Ķ gdá tƧ eujtá c/xtá ;ƙf;Ɨ'źƧĶ

clewƙlks]

cŪ;flngL gfd

wƙ;ś)L-cŪsyf

uƅf/Ƙsyf

s?)f ljo ;ų];', kţf oƧ dx]l;gá. `]Ɯwƙ];';Ƒ];', kjlųŴ oyf?lrĶ

bofo tfo ;ų];', ;d'Ƨflxtdfg;á. kflxL/fj;fglƛ, j;ƃá ltb;fno]Ķ

kfl/Şųsd"nlƛ, ků'sƗngfds]. l;nf;g] ;lƉl;Ɖá, cflbŝáj o'uƈ/]Ķ

rŊjfń;xƧ]lx, b;xfuƙ ;Ƒ;á. ;lƉl;Ɖ]g b]jfg+, u±)ëg kl/jfl/táĶ

dft/+ kd'v+ sŷf, tƧf kţfo t]h;f. clewƙsyfdƮ+, b]jfg+ ;ƕjųloĶ

tƧ kfb] gdlƧŷf, ;Ɨ'źƧ l;/Ldtá. ;źƙťƧ k"h]ŷf, sŷf ;ŜƧ rŧƸnĶ

lgkŝsĕ/Ƨ]tƧ, stƧ /tgųo]. cfg'efj]g ;á;]ŷf, cƃ/fo] c;];táĶ

lj;'źfrf/;Ln]g, lgk')fdna'lźgf. leŋ'gf a'ź#á;]g, ;Ŋŝ+ cleoflrtáĶ

o+ b]jb]já b]jfg+, b];]ŷf gotá k'g. ±yë/Ƨ ;fl/k'ųƧ, ;dflrlŋ ljgfos]ĕĶ

cgátųbx] sŷf, pkŪfg+ dx]l;gá. oť ;'ŷfg ;á ±yë/á, cfxl/ŷf dxLtn+Ķ

leŋ"g+ klo?bfxfl;, Olt leŋ"lx wfl/tá. ;śLltsĕn] ;śLtá, j]b]xd'lggf k'gĶ

tƧ uƘL/`f±)ëlx, cáufŃÜƧ cleŲ;á. gfgfgoljlrųƧ, clewƙƧ cflbtáĶ

of dxfsƧkfbLlx, j;LlxŪsyf k'/f. ;śLtf cg';śLtf, kŞflk r O;Llx ofĶ

cfetf kg ±yë/]g, dlxƆ]g]td'ųd+. of bLk+ bLkjf;Lg+, ef;fo cle;řtfĶ

ckg]ŷf ttá ef;+, tƗklŰlgjfl;g+. cf/ákloŷf lgŹá;+, ef;+ tlƃgofg'uĶ+

2

lgsĕoƃ/nźLlx, c;lƙƧ+ cgfs'n+. dxfljxf/jf;Lg+, bLkoƃá ljlgŞo+Ķ

cŴ+ ksĕ;loƧfld, cfudŪsyf;'lk. ux]tƑ+ ux]ŷfg, tá;oƃá ljrŋ±)ëĶ

sƙŪfgflg ;Ƒflg, rl/ofleţf ljkƧgf. lj;'lźƮëklgb+, oƨf ;Ƒ+ ksĕl;t+Ķ

tƨf t+ cƮx]ŷfg, ;snfolk tlƃof. kbfg'Ŋdtá Pj, sl/ƧfdŴjŰg+Ķ

Olt d] ef;dfgƧ, clewƙsy+ Od+. cljlŋųf lg;fd]y, b'Ɵef lx co+ syfltĶ

lgbfgsyf

tŴ s]gŪ]g clewƙáĠ wƙflt/]swƙlj;];Ū]g. clt/]slj;];ŴbLks]ĕ x]Ŵ ‚cleƒ-;Źá. æafŃÜf d] b'ŋĕ j]bgf cleŊdlƃ gá klŊdlƃÆ ‘d0lg03=384 ;+0lg0 5=195’ æcleŊƃjŰfÆltcfbL;' ‘;+0lg0 1=1-2’ ljo. tƨf oyf ;d'lƧt];' ax";' %ų];' r]j wh];' r o+ clt/]sƍdf)+ lj;];jŰ;Ůfgť %ų+, t+ ‚cltŞųƒlƃ j'ŝlt, oá clt/]sƍdf±)ëf gfgflj/fujŰlj;];;ƕƉá r wh]ĕ ;á ‚cltwh]ĕƒlt j'ŝlt, oyf r Pstá ;lƉkltt];' ax";' /fhs'df/];' r]j b]j];' r oá hĕlteáuo;OƧl/oflb;ƕųLlx clt/]st/á r]j lj;];jƃt/á r /fhs'df/á ;á ‚clt/fhs'df/áƒlt j'ŝlt, oá cfo'jŰOƧl/oo;;ƕlųcfbLlx clt/]st/á r]j lj;];jƃt/á r b]já ;á ‚cltb]jáƒlt j'ŝlt, tyf¿ká Ɣƪflk ‚cltƔƪfƒlt j'ŝlt, Pjd]j colƕ wƙá wƙflt/]swƙlj;];Ū]g ‚clewƙáƒlt j'ŝlt. ;'ųƃlŤ kŷf kťŋƈf Psb];]g]j ljeųf, g lgƍb];]g¶ clewƙ+ kŷf kg ;'ųƃefhgLoclewƙefhgLokŤk'Şsgofg+ j;]g lgƍb];tá ljeųf. tyf ƀfb;fotgflg, cŪf/; wft'oá, rųfl/ ;ŝflg, afjL;ltlƇoflg, ƀfb;klbs]ĕ kŝofsĕ/á. s]jnlŤ OlƇoljeś] ;'ųƃefhgLo+ glŴ, kŝofsĕ/] r kŤk'Şs+ glŴ. ;'ųƃť kŷf rųf/á ;ltkŪfgf Psb];]g]j ljeųf, g lgƍb];]g¶ clewƙ+ kŷf kg ltŰlƕ gofg+ j;]g lgƍb];táj ljeųf. tyf rųfl/ ;ƙƍwfgflg, rųf/á Olźkfbf, ;ų Ţśf, cl/oá cŪlśs]ĕ Ʈëf, rųfl/ ´fgflg, rtƧá cƍdţfoá, kť l;ŋĕkbflg, rtƧá kl;lƘbf. s]jnŤ]Ŵ l;ŋĕkbljeś] ;'ųƃefhgLo+ glŴ. ;'ųƃ+ kŷf r `f)+ Psb];]g]j ljeų+ g lgƍb];]g¶ tyf lsn];f. clewƙ+ kŷf kg æPslj±wëg `f)jŴ"Æltcflbgf ‘lje0751’ go]g dflts+ &k]ŷf lgƍb];táj ljeų+. tyf Psstá kŪfo cg]s]lx go]lx lsn];f. ;ųƃ' + kŷf r e"dƃ/kl/Ş]bá Psb];]g]j ljeųá, g lgƍb];]g¶ clewƙ+ kg kŷf ltŰlƕ gofg+ j;]g e"dƃ/kl/Ş]bá lgƍb];táj ljeųá. Pj+ wƙflt/]swƙlj;];Ū]g clewƙált j]lbtƑá. ks/)kl/Ş]btá kg]; wƙ;ś)Lljeśwft'syfk'ƮnkţlųsyfjŴ'odskŪfgfg+ ;ųƉ+ ks/)fg+ j;]g l&tá. cod]Ŵ cfrl/ofg+ ;dfgsyf. ljtůjfbL kgfx _ ‚syfjŴ'sƨf ulxt+Ġ gg';ƙf;Ɨ'źƧ kl/lgƑfgtá cŪf/;jƧflwsĕlg ƀ] jƧ;tflg cltŊldŷf Ʈlnk'ųltƧŴ]/]g]t+ &lkt+Ġ tƨf ;fjsefl;tųf %ū]y gƒlƃ. ‚Ƹs kg %ƍs/)flg clewƙáƒltĠ ‚Pj+ g jbfdLƒlt. ‚cy Ƹs jb];Lƒlt. ‚;ųƍs/)fgLƒlt. ‚st/+ ux]ŷf ;ų s/á;LƒltĠ ‚dxfwƙxbo+ gfd clŴ, Pt]g ;x ;ųfƒlt. ‚dxfwƙxbo] ck'Ƒ+ glŴ, sltkofj kŤfjf/f cj;];f, syfjŴ'gfj ;Ƹź ;ųfƒlt. ‚gá syfjŴ'gf, dxfwft'syf gfd clŴ, tfo ;Ƹź ;ųfƒlt. ‚dxfwft'syfo+ ck'Ƒ+ glŴ, cƍdlųsjĕ tlƃ cj;];f. syfjŴ'gfj ;Ƹź

;ųfƒlt. ;ƙf;Ɨ'źá lx ;ųƍs/)flg b];]ƃá syfjŴ'+ kŷf of P;f k'Ʈnjf/] tfj rt";' kŤ];' lƀƉ+ kťsĕg+ j;]g cŪd'vf jfbo'lų t+ cfƸb sŷf ;Ƒsyfd±Ʈë;' c;ƕ'Űef)jf/dųfo kflńof dflts+ &k]l;. ;f kg];f æk'Ʈná pknưlt ;lŝsŪk/dŴ]gflt. cfdƃf. oá ;lŝsŪá k/dŴá ttá ;á k'Ʈná pknưlt ;lŝsŪk/dŴ]gflt. gx]j+ jųƑ.] cfhĕgflx lgƮx+»k]0 k'Ʈná g'knưlt ;lŝsŪk/dŴ]gflt. cfdƃf. oá ;lŝsŪá k/dŴá ttá ;á k'Ʈná g'knưlt ;lŝsŪk/dŴ]gflt. gx]j+ jųƑ]. cfhĕgflx lgƮx+»k]0. ;ƑŴ k'Ʈná pknưlt ;ƑŴ k'Ʈná g'knưlt, ;Ƒbf k'Ʈpknưlt ;Ƒbf k'Ʈná g'knưlt, ;Ƒ];' k'Ʈná pknưlt ;Ƒ];' k'Ʈná g'knưlt ;lŝsŪk/dŴ]gfÆlt ‘syf015-16Pj+ k&d+ jfb+ lgƧfo k&d+ lgƮx+, b'lto+ lgƧfo b'lto+ »k]0 cŪd+ lgƧfo cŪd+ lgƮx+ bƧ]ƃ]g ;Ŵf/f &lktf. Oldgf go]g ;ƑŴ dfltsĕ&kg+ j]lbtƑ+. t+ kg]t+ dflts+ &k]ƃá Od+ lbƩf &k]l; _ dd kl/lgƑfgtá cŪf/;jƧflwsĕg+ lƀƉ+ jƧ;tfg+ dŴs] Ʈlnk'ųltƧŴ]gfd leŋ' leŋ';xƧdŢ] lgl;Ɖá ;sjfb] kť ;'ų;tflg k/jfb] kťflt ;'ų;xƧ+ ;dáwfg]ŷf bL#lgsĕoƍdf)+ syfjŴ'ƍs/)+ efh]ƧtLlt. Ʈlnk'ųltƧŴ]/álk Ob+ ks/)+ b];]ƃá g cųgá `f±)ëg b];]l;, ;Ŵf/f kg lbƉgo]g &lktdfltsĕo b];]l;. Olt ;Ŵf/f lbƉgo]g &lktdfltsĕo b]l;tųf ;snƕ]t+ ks/)+ a'źefl;td]j gfd hĕt+. oyf ƸsĠ oyf dw'lklůs;'ųƃfbLlg dw'lklůs;'ųƃlƨlŤ eujf æotálgbfg+ leŋ' k'l/;+ kkť;ţf;řf ;d'bfr/lƃ, PŴ r] glŴ cleglƆtƑ+ clejlbtƑ+ cŢál;tƑ+, P;]jƃá /fufg';ofgÆlƃ ‘d0lg01=202’ dflts+ &k]ŷf pŪfof;gf ljxf/+ kfljl;. wƙƍlƮfxsĕ leŋ" dxfsŝfgŴ]/+ pk;Řldŷf b;an]g &lktdfltsĕo cŴ+ k'ƸŞ;'. ±yë/á k'lŞtdųs]g]j

3

cs±yëŷf b;anƧ cklrltbƧgŴ+ æ;]Ɯyflk cfj';á k'l/;á ;f/lŴs]ĕ ;f/uj];LÆlt ‘d0lg01=203’ ;f/ákd+ cfxl/ŷf ;f/?ŋ]ĕ ljo eujf ;fvfknf;;lb;f ;fjsĕ, æ;á xfj';á eujf hĕg+ hĕgflt, kƧ+ kƧlt rŋ'e"tá `f)e"tá wƙe"tá Ɣƪe"tá jųf kjųf cŴƧ lgƉ]tf cdtƧ bftf wƙƧfdL tyfutáÆlt ;Ŵf/+ ±yëfd]ŷf k'gƍ'g+ ±yë/]lx oflrtá ;Ŵf/f &lktdfltsĕo cŴ+ ljelhŷf æcfsřdfgf r kg t'ƛ] cfoƨƃá eujƃ+o]j pk;Řldŷf PtdŴ+ klk'ŞƜ] fy ;r] ;Ƒţ'tţf±)ëg ;Ƹź ;+;lƆodfg+ ;d]lt uŲ]Ɯfy, gá r] df ulŲŴfÆlt Oldgf clwƍfo]g æoyf já eujf Ɠfs/ált tyf g+ wf/]ƜfyfÆlt jŷf pƜáh]l;. t] ;Ŵf/+ pk;Řldŷf k'ƸŞ;'. ;Ŵf b'Ŋlyt+ sŝfg]gflt cjŷf ;'jŰflnś+ pƧfk]ƃá ljo uLj+ pƉfd]ŷf ;'k'lƎt;tkų;lƧl/s+ dxfd'v+ k"/]ƃá ƔƪƧ/+ lgŞf/]ŷf ;fw' ;fw"lt ±yë/Ƨ ;fw's/ĕ + bŷf æklůtá, leŋj], dxfsŝfgá, dxfkţá leŋj] dxfsŝfgá, d+ r]lk t'ƛ], leŋj], PtdŴ+ klk'Ş]Ɯfy, cxlƕ t+ Pjd]j+ Ɠfs/]Ɯ+ oyf t+ dxfsŝfg]g ƓfstÆlƃ ‘d0lg01=205’ cfx. Pj+ ;Ŵf/f cg'dálbtsĕntá kŪfo r kg ;sn+ ;'ų+ a'źefl;t+ gfd hĕt+. cfgƆŴ]/fbLlx ljŴfl/t;'ų];'lk P;]j goá. Pjd]j ;ƙf;Ɨ'źá ;ųƍs/)flg b];]ƃá syfjŴ'+ kŷf j'ųgog] dflts+ &k]l;. &k]ƃá r kg Od+ cŹ; _ dd kl/lgƑfgtá cŪf/;jƧflwsĕg+ lƀƉ+ jƧ;tfg+ dŴs] Ʈlnk'ųltƧŴ]gfd leŋ' leŋ';xƧdŢ] lgl;Ɖá ;sjfb] kť ;'ų;tflg k/jfb] kťflt ;'ų;xƧ+ ;dáwfg]ŷf bL#lgsĕoƍdf)+ syfjŴ'ƍs/)+

efh]ƧtLlt. Ʈlnk'ųltƧŴ]/álk Od+ ks/)+ b];]ƃá g cųgá `f±)ëg b];]l;, ;Ŵf/f kg lbƉgo]g &lktdfltsĕo b];]l;. Olt ;Ŵf/f lbƉgo]g &lktdfltsoĕ b]l;tųf ;snƕ]t+ ks/)+ a'źefl;td]j hĕt+. Pj+ syfjŴ'gfj ;Ƹź ;ų ks/)flg clewƙá gfd. tŴ wƙ;ś)Lks/±)ë rtƧá ljelųoá _ lrųljelų ¿kljelų lgŋ]k/fl; cŴ'źf/ált. tŴ sĕdfjr/s';ntá cŪ, cs';ntá ƀfb;, s';nljkfstá ;áń;, cs';nljkfstá ;ų, lsl/otá Psĕb;¶ ¿kfjr/s';ntá kť, ljkfstá kť, lsl/otá kť¶ c¿kfjr/s';ntá rųfl/, ljkfstá rųfl/, lsl/otá rųfl/¶ nás'ų/s';ntá rųfl/, ljkfstá rųf/Llt Ps"ggj'lt lrųflg lrųljelų gfd. lrų'ƍfbsůlƃlk PtƧ]j gfd+. t+ jfrgfdƮtá clt/]s%ef)jf/+, ljŴfl/odfg+ kg cgƃdkl/df)+ xált. tbgƃ/+ Pslj±wëg b'lj±wëgfltcflbgf go]g dflts+ &k]ŷf ljŴf/]g ljelhŷf blƧtf ¿kljelų gfd. ¿ksůlƃlk PtƧ]j gfd+. t+ jfrgfdƮtá clt/]slƀef)jf/+. ljŴfl/odfg+ kg cgƃdkl/df)+

xált. tbgƃ/+ d"ntá vƈƀf/tá e"ldtá cŴtá wƙtá gfdtá lnśtált Pj+ d"nfbLlx lglŋlkŷf b]l;tá lgŋ]k/fl; gfd. ;á _ d"ntá vƈtá rflk, ƀf/tá rflk e"ldtá. cŴtá wƙtá rflk, gfdtá rflk lnśtá. lglŋlkŷf b]l;tųf, lgŋ]kált kj'ŝltĶ

lgŋ]ksůlƃlk tƧ]j gfd+. t+ jfrgfdƮtá ltdųef)jf/+. ljŴfl/odfg+ kg cgƃdkl/df)+ xált. tbgƃ/+ kg t]lksƧ a'źjrgƧ cŴ'źf/e"t+ ofj ;/)b'sĕ lglŋų+ cŪsyfsů+ gfd. otá dxfks/l)of leŋ" dxfks/±)ë u)grf/+ c;Ɵŋ]ƃf u)grf/+ ;dfg]lƃ. t+ jfrgfdƮtá lƀdųef)jf/+. ljŴfl/odfg+ kg cgƃdkl/df)+ xált.

Olt ;snlƕ wƙ;ś)Lks/)+ jfrgfdƮtá clt/st] ]/;dųef)jf/+. ljŴfl/odfg+ kg cgƃdkl/df)+ xált.

Pjd]t+ _

lrųljelų ¿kť, lgŋ]ká cŴh]ĕtgf. uƘL/+ lgk')+ &fg+, tlƕ a'ź]g b]l;t+Ķ

tbgƃ/+ ljeśƍs/)+ gfd. t+ vƈljeśá cfotgljeśá wft'ljeśá ;ŝljeśá Olſoljeśá kŝofsĕ/ljeśá ;ltkŪfgljeśá ;ƙƍwfgljeśá Olźkfbljeśá aáŢśljeśá dƮśljeśá ´fgljeśá cƍdţfljeśá l;ŋĕkbljeśá kl;lƘbfljeśá `f)ljeśá v'ŹsjŴ'ljeśá wƙxboljeśált cŪf/;lj±wëg ljeų+. tŴ vƈljeśá ;'ųƃefhgLoclewƙefhgLokŤk'Şsĕg+ j;]g ltwf ljeųá. ;á jfrgfdƮtá kťdųef)jf/á, ljŴfl/odfgá kg cgƃá ckl/df±)ëf xált. ttá k/+ cfotgljeśfboálk Pt]x]j tLlx go]lx ljeųf. t];' cfotgljeśá jfrgfdƮtá clt/]sef)jf/á, wft'ljeśá lƀdųef)jf/á. tyf ;ŝljeśá. OlƇoljeś] ;'ųƃefhgLo+ glŴ¶ jfrgfdƮtá kg]; clt/]sef)jf/dųá. kŝofsĕ/ljeśá %dųef)jf/á, kŤk'Şs+ kg]Ŵ glŴ. ;ltkŪfgljeśá clt/]sef)jf/dųᶠtyf ;ƙƍwfg OlźkfbaáŢśdƮśljeśf. ´fgljeśá lƀef)jf/dųá, cƍdţfljeśá clt/]sef)jf/dųá. l;ŋĕkbljeś]lk ;'ųƃefhgLo+ glŴ¶ jfrgfdƮtá kg]; clt/]sef)jf/dųᶠtyf kl;lƘbfljeśá. `f)ljeśá b;lj±wëg ljeųᶠjfrgfdƮtá kg]; ltdųef)jf/á. v'ŹsjŴ'ljeśálk b;lj±wëg ljeųᶠjfrgfdƮtá kg]; ltdųef)jf/á. wƙxboljeśá ltlj±wëg ljeųᶠjfrgfdƮtá kg]; clt/]slƀef)jf/dųá. ;Ƒ]lk ljŴfl/odfgf cgƃf ckl/df)f xálƃ. Pjd]t+ ljeśƍs/)+ jfrgfdƮtá kťƸt;dųef)jf/+¶ ljŴf/tá kg cgƃdkl/df)+ xált. tbgƃ/+ wft'syfks/)+ gfd. t+ ;śxá c;śxá, ;ślxt]g c;ślxt+, c;ślxt]g ;ślxt+, ;ślxt]g ;ślxt+, c;ślxt]g c;ślxt+¶ ;ƕoá±uëf ljƍoá±uëf, ;ƕo'ų]g ljƍo'ų+, ljƍo'ų]g ;ƕo'ų+, ;ƕoų' ]g ;ƕo'ų+, ljƍo'ų]g

4

ljƍo'ų+¶ ;ślxt]g ;ƕo'ų+ ljƍo'ų+¶ ;ƕo'ų]g ;ślxt+ c;ślxt+, c;ślxt]g ;ƕo'ų+ ljƍo'ų+, ljƍo'ų]g ;ślxt+ c;ślxtlƃ r'Ź;lj±wëg ljeų+. t+ jfrgfdƮtá clt/]s%ef)jf/dų+, ljŴfl/odfg+ kg cgƃdkl/df)+ xált. tbgƃ/+ k'Ʈnkţlų gfd. ;f ævƈkţlų cfotgkţlų wft'kţlų ;ŝkţlų OlƇokţlų k'ƮnkţųLÆlt %lƑ±wëg ljeųf. ;f jfrgfdƮtá clt/]skťef)jf/f¶ ljŴfl/odfgf kg cgƃf ckl/df)fj xált. tbgƃ/+ syfjŴ'ƍs/)+ gfd. t+ ;sjfb] kť ;'ų;tflg k/jfb] kťflt ;'ų;xƧ+ ;dáwfg]ŷf ljeų+. t+ jfrgfdƮtá Obflg káŴs] lnlvt+ cƮx]ŷf ;śLltcf/álktgo]g bL#lgsĕoƍdf)+, ljŴfl/odfg+ kg cgƃdkl/df)+

xált. tbgƃ/+ ods+ gfd. t+ d"nods+ vƈods+ cfotgods+ wft'ods+ ;ŝods+ ;řf/ods+ cg';oods+ lrųods+ wƙods+ OlƇoodslƃ b;lj±wëg ljeų+. t+ jfrgfdƮtá jL;ef)jf/;t+, ljŴf/tá kg cgƃdkl/df)+ xált. tbgƃ/+ dxfks/)+ gfd. kŪfglƃlk tƧ]j gfd+. t+ x]t'kŝoá cf/ƙ)kŝoá clwkltkŝoá cgƃ/kŝ;dgƃ/kŝoá ;xhĕtkŝoá cţdţkŝoá lgƧokŝoá pklgƧokŝoá k'/]hĕtkŝoá kŞfhĕtkŝoá cf;]jgkŝoá sƙkŝljkfskŝoá cfxf/kŝoá OlƇokŝoá ´fgkŝoá dƮkŝoá ;ƕo'ųkŝoá ljƍo'ųkŝoá clŴkŝoá glŴkŝoá ljutkŝcljutkŝoált. kŝoj;]g tfj rt'jL;ltlj±wëg ljeų+. OdƸƨ kg &fg] kŪfg+ ;dfg]tƑ+. s';nlųsĕboá lx ƀfjL;lt ltsĕ, gfd x]t" wƙf gx]t" wƙf»k]0 ;/)f wƙf c/)f wƙflt Od] ;t+ b'sĕ. ck/]lk ljşĕeflugá wƙf cljşĕeflugá wƙf»k]0 vo] `f)+, cg'ƍfb] `f)lƃ ƀfrųfnL; ;'ųlƃsb'sĕ gfd. t;] ' ƀfjL;lt ltsĕ ;t+ b'sĕlt co+ cfxŝefl;tf lhgjrge"tf ;Ƒţ'a'ź]g b]l;tf ;ųƉ+ ks/)fg+ dfltsĕ gfd. cyfk/] ƀfrųfnL; ;'ųlƃsb'sĕ s'tákejf s]g &lktf s]g b]l;tfltĠ wƙ;]gfklt;fl/k'ųŴ]/ƍejf, t]g &lktf, t]g b]l;tflt. Od] &k]ƃá kg ±yë/á g ;fd'Ŋ+l;s]g cųgá `f±)ëg &k]l;. Ps'ųl/o+ kg Pslgkftb'slgkft;śLlt b;'ų/;'ųƃ]lx ;dáwfg]ŷf cflewlƙsŴ]/fg+ ;'ųƃ+ kŷf clsndŴ+ &lktf. t] kg]t] PsƸƨ

lgŋ]ksů]o]j dŴs+ kfk]ŷf ljeųf. ;];Ūfg];'ofj ;/)b'sĕ clewƙá ljeųá. ;ƙf;Ɨ'ź]g lx cg'nádkŪfg] ƀfjL;lt lts] lgƧfo ltskŪfg+ gfd lglŹŪ+. ;t+ b's] lgƧfo b'skŪfg+ gfd lglŹŪ+. ttá k/+ ƀfjL;lt lts] ux]ŷf b's;t] klŋlkŷf b'sltskŪfg+ gfd blƧt+. ttá k/+ b's;t+ ux]ŷf ƀfjL;ltof lts];' klŋlkŷf ltsb'skŪfg+ gfd blƧt+. lts] kg lts];'o]j klŋlkŷf ltsltskŪfg+ gfd blƧt+. b's] r b's];'o]j klŋlkŷf b'sb'skŪfg+ gfd blƧt+. Pj+ _ ltsť kŪfgj/+ b's'ųd+, b'sltsť]j ltsb'sť. ltsltsť]j b'sb'sť,

% cg'nádlƛ gof ;'uƘL/fltĶ ‘kŪf01=1=39’.

kŝgLokŪfg]lk ƀfjL;ltlts] lgƧfo ltskŪfg+ gfd. b's;t+ lgƧfo b'skŪfg+ gfd. ƀfjL;ltlts] b's;t]

klŋlkŷf b'sltskŪfg+ gfd. b's;t+ ƀfjL;ltof lts];' klŋlkŷf ltsb'skŪfg+ gfd. lts] lts];'o]j klŋlkŷf ltsltskŪfg+ gfd. b's] b's];'o]j klŋlkŷf b'sb'skŪfg+ gfdflt kŝgLo]lk %lx go]lx kŪfg+ lglŹŪ+. t]g j'ų+ _ ltsť kŪfgj/+ b's'ųd+, b'sltsť]j ltsb'sť. ltsltsť]j b'sb'sť,

% kŝgLolƛ gof ;'uƘL/fltĶ ‘kŪf01=1=44’.

ttá k/+ cg'nádkŝgLo]lk Pt]g]j pkfo]g % gof blƧtf. t]gfx _ ltsť kŪfgj/+ b's'ųd+, b'sltsť]j ltsb'sť. ltsltsť]j b'sb'sť,

% cg'nádkŝgLolƛ gof ;'uƘL/fltĶ ‘kŪf01=1=48’.

tbgƃ/+ kŝgLofg'nád]lk Pt]x]j %lx go]lx lglŹŪ+. t]gfx _ ltsť kŪfgj/+ b's'ųd+, b'sltsť]j ltsb'sť. ltsltsť]j b'sb'sť,

% kŝgLofg'nádlƛ gof ;'uƘL/fltĶ ‘kŪf01=1=52’.

klnád]

rt'jL;lt;dƃkŪfg;dáwfg+ kŪfg+ dxfks/)+ gfd. Obflg OdƧ clewƙƧ uƘL/efjljhĕggŴ+ rųf/á ;fu/f j]lbtƑf _ ;+;f/;fu/á, `f);fu/ált. tŴ ;+;f/;fu/á gfd _ vƈfgť klkfl, wft'cfotgfg r. cƑálŞƉ+ jųdfgf, ;+;f/ált kj'ŝtLltĶ

Pj+

cg'nád] %

kŪfgflg,

%, cg'nádkŝgLo]

%,

kŝgLofg'nád] % kŪfgfgLlt

Ob+

hn;fu/á, go;fu/á,

5

Pj+ j'ų+ ;+;f/jũ+. Ʃfo+ oƨf Od];+ ;ųfg+ pƍlųof k'l/df s]ĕl g kţfolt PųsĕglŤ jƧ;tfg+ jf jƧ;xƧfg+ jf jƧ;t;xƧfg+ jf, sƍ;tfg+ jf sƍ;xƧfg+ jf sƍ;t;xƧfg+ jf dŴs] ;ųf pƍƉf, ttá k'Ƒ] gfx];'lƃ jf, c;'sƧ gfd /ţá sĕn] pƍƉf, c;'sƧ a'źƧ sĕn] pƍƉf ttá k'Ƒ] gfx];'lƃ jf, co+ kl/Ş]bá glŴ¶ æk'l/df, leŋj], s]ĕl g kţfolt cljşĕo, Otá k'Ƒ] cljşĕ gfxál; cy kŞf ;dejLÆlt ‘c0 lg0 10=61’ Oldgf kg go]g ;+;f/;fu/á cgdt±Ʈëfj. dxf;d'Źá kg hn;fu/á gfdflt j]lbtƑá. ;á rt'/f;Lltoáhg;xƧuƘL/á. tŴ pbsƧ cfŃÜs;t]lx jf cfŃÜs;xƧ]lx jf cfŃÜs;t;xƧ]lx jf kdf)+ gfd glŴ cy ±vëf c;Ś]Ɯá cƍd]Ɯá dxfpbsŋƈáŷ]j ;Ś+ uŞlt. co+ hn;fu/á gfd. stdá go;fu/áĠ t]lks+ a'źjrg+. ƀ]lk lx tlƃoá kŝj]ŋƃfg+ ;źf;ƕƉfg+ k;fbax'nfg+ `f)'ų/fg+ s'nk'ųfg+ cgƃ+ kLlt;ádgƧ+ pƍşlt. stdf ƀ]Ġ ljgoť clewƙť. ljgow/leŋ"glŤ ljgotƸƃ kŝj]ŋƃfg+ bá;fg'¿k+ l;ŋĕkbkţfkg+ gfd _ OdƸƨ bá;] OdƸƨ jLltŊd] Ob+ gfd xátLlt l;ŋĕkbkţfkg+ _ cţ];+ clj;oá, a'źfgd]j lj;oált. pųl/dg'Ƨwƙk]Ɯfn+ kŝj]ŋƃfg+ gLnk]Ɯfn+ kŝj]ŋƃfg+ ;ťl/ųk]Ɯfn+ kŝj]ŋƃfg+ cgƃ+ kLlt;ádgƧ+ pƍşlt. cflewlƙsleŋ"glƕ vƈƃ/+ cfotgƃ/+ wfŷƃ/+ OlƇoƃ/+ anaáŢśsƙljkfsƃ/+ ¿kf¿kkl/Ş]b+ ;Ų;'v'dwƙ+ uugtn] tf/s¿kflg uŲƃá ljo ¿kf¿kwƙ] kƑ+ kƑ+ s]ĕŪf;+ s]ĕŪf;+ sŷf ljehƃá bƧ]l; jt gá ;Ŵflt clewƙtƸƃ kŝj]ŋƃfg+ cgƃ+ kLlt;ádgƧ+ pƍşlt. Pj+ pƍlųof kgƧ Ob+ jŴ'lk j]lbtƑ+ _ dxfultuldoltƧbųŴ]ls/ gfd dxfaáƸw jlƆƧfdLlt k/tL/+ uŞƃá gfjfo pkl/tn] lgl;Ɖá dxf;d'Ź+ cánás]l;. cyƧ tƸƨ ;do] g]j k/tL/+ kţfloŴ, g cál/dtL/+, öldj]uƍe]b;d'Ʈthnr'Űkl/lsŰá kg k;fl/t/htkũ;'dgk'Ǝ;ƅ/;lb;á dxf;d'Źáj kţfloŴ. ;á Ƹs g' ±vëf dxf;d'ŹƧ öldj]±uëf anjf pbfx'rt'jL;ltƍe]b] ;dƃkŪfg] god'v+ anjlƃ lrƃ]l;. cyƧ dxf;d'Ź] kl/Ş]bá kţfolt _ colŤ x]Ūf dxfkyljof kl/lŞƉá, pkl/ cfsĕ;]g, Pstá rŊjfńkƑt]g, Pstá j]nƃ]g kl/lŞƉᶠ;dƃkŪfgƧ kg kl/Ş]bá g kţfotLlt ;Ų;'v'dwƙ+ kŝj]ŋƃƧ anjkLlt pƍƉf. ;á kLƸt ljŋƘ]ŷ