This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

BooksAudiobooksComicsSheet Music### Categories

### Categories

### Categories

Editors' Picks Books

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Editors' Picks Audiobooks

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Editors' Picks Comics

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Editors' Picks Sheet Music

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Top Books

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Audiobooks

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Comics

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Sheet Music

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Welcome to Scribd! Start your free trial and access books, documents and more.Find out more

**Faculty of Civil Engineering
**

Tel:(+603) 5543 6189 Fax: (+603) 5543 5275

Example No. 1

The steel jointed building frame show in the figure carry the lateral load as shown.

Analyse the frame and draw the bending moment diagram using the cantilever

method.

10 kN

1.5 m

10 kN

2.0 m

2.0 m

2.5 m

3.0 m

Solution

Step # 1 : Locate point of inflection

X = 3.5 m

10 kN

A

C

E

G

1.5 m

10 kN

2.0 m

2.0 m

2.5 m

3.0 m

**Step # 2 : Locate the centre of gravity
**

X=

- Cantilever Method

=

A(0) + A( 2) + A( 4.5) + A(7.5)

= 3.5m

4A

Page 1

357kN 3.5) = 0 P = 0.429P = 0.833=0.286P = 0.143P)(7.P3 (7. we can relate the column stress by proportional triangles. P2 = 0. is proportional to its distance from the neutral axis. σ .5 1 P P3 = .75) + (0.238kN 3 .286P)(4.143P = 0.5 1. NA.5 P P2 = . 5 4 Calculate the value of “P” using equation of equilibrium Σ Mh +=0 10 (0.P2 (4. P3 P2 P1 P P P1 = .Cantilever Method Page 2 .5) = 0 10 (0.429x0.FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM Faculty of Civil Engineering Tel:(+603) 5543 6189 Fax: (+603) 5543 5275 Step # 3 : Determine the axial force in each column 10 kN P P1 P2 P3 Since any column stress. P3 = 1.833 kN .5) .429P)(2) – (0.75) + P1 (2) .952kN 3. P1 = 0.5) – (1.

889-3.833(1) Hh = 1.889 kN Σ FY↑+ = 0 +=0 Σ FX→+ = 0 Hi(0.488kNm (beam) .833kNm(column) Ma = 0.833 kN # Hb = 8.75) Hd Mc Σ Md +=0 Mc=1.833 kN Σ Md Hd Hb = 8.Hh Vb = 0.Cantilever Method Page 3 .19(1.111 kN # Hh Σ FY↑+ = 0 Σ FX→+ = 0 -P + VAB = 0 10 – Hb .FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM Faculty of Civil Engineering Tel:(+603) 5543 6189 Fax: (+603) 5543 5275 Step # 4 : Determine Shear forces of each part of frame and determine member end moments At Point “a” Vb 10 kN Σ Mb Hb +=0 Hh (0.094-Hd -0.357(1.19kN # Hd = 5.25) Vd-0.75) = 0.833=0 8.094(0.889 kN # P = 0.75(1.094kN # Hi =0 P1 =0.25)kNm +=0 Hi Mc = 2.Hh = 0 Vb = P Hb = 10 .321kNm (column) P1 Mc = 1.833 kN Vb Σ Ma Hb Ma Σ Ma +=0 +=0 (down) Ma = Vb(1) Ma=0.25)=0 Vd = 1.833(2.111) Ma = (0.357-0.357kN Mc Vd Σ Mi Mc=3.75)-0.795kN # Hi = 3.833 kNm (beam) At Point “c” Vd Vb = 0.833)(1) Ma=0.

238=0 -Hf+5.952 kN Mg +=0 Mg=1.79-4.19(2.63kNm (column) Hj +=0 P2 Me=1.238(1.19-0.75(0.72kNm(column) .84kN # Hj P2 =0.142kNm (beam) At Point “g” Vf Hf Vf Σ FX→+ = 0 Hk=Hf Hk Hk = 0.5) Me = 2.FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM Faculty of Civil Engineering Tel:(+603) 5543 6189 Fax: (+603) 5543 5275 At Point “e” Vf Vd = 1.96) Mg=0.428(1.Cantilever Method Page 4 .79 kN Σ FY↑+ = 0 +=0 Σ FX→+ = 0 Hj(0.84 Vf = 1.75) Hf Me Σ Mf Me = 3.428kN # -0.5) Mg = 2.96 kN # Hj = 4.428(1.84(0.142kNm (beam) Σ Mf +=0 Mg=0.75) Vf-1.19 kN Σ Mf Hf Hd = 5.75)-1.238kN =0 Me Vf Σ Mj +=0 Me=4.96kN # Hf Σ Mf P3 = 0.5)=0 Hf = 0.

5 m 2.488kNm 2.488kNm 2.5 m 3.14kNm 1.FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM Faculty of Civil Engineering Tel:(+603) 5543 6189 Fax: (+603) 5543 5275 Step # 5 : Draw bending moment diagram (Beam ACEG) 1.0 m Page 5 .0 m 2.5 m 3.833kNm 1.5 m 2.Cantilever Method 2.0 m 2.833kNm 0.0 m .14kNm 0.0 m 2.0 m 1.

0 m M N 4.0 m P 8. 80 kN and 50 kN at node D. iii. establish the location of the centroidal axis of the frame calculate the axial forces for columns EI. FJ. 2 The building frame in figure below is subjected to horizontal forces of 100 kN.Cantilever Method O 6.0 m .0 m Page 6 . ii.FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM Faculty of Civil Engineering Tel:(+603) 5543 6189 Fax: (+603) 5543 5275 Example No. H and L.2 m I J K L 50 kN 4. and all columns has a dimension of 250 mm x 250 mm. GK and HL draw the bending moment diagram for beam ABCD A B C D 100 kN 3.2 m E F G H 80 kN 3. i. Using the cantilever method. respectively.

P1 = 0.25 8 2 100 kN P P3 = .FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM Faculty of Civil Engineering Tel:(+603) 5543 6189 Fax: (+603) 5543 5275 Solution i.0 m 2.0 m ii. FJ. GK and HL From the distribution diagram shown calculate the value of P1.25P 8 10 3.0 m 4. 4.5 P 8 4 P P2 8m P = . P2 and P3 in term of P P P1 P2 P3 P P1 = .0 m 8. Establish the location of the centroidal axis of the frame = X= A(0) + A( 4) + A(10 ) + A(18 ) = 8m 4A 8m 4.0 m 2.Cantilever Method P P1 P2 P3 Page 7 .0 m calculate the axial forces for columns EI. P3 = 1.6 m 4.0 m 8.2 m 80 kN 1. P2 = 0.0 m .

5P + 22. draw the bending moment diagram for beam ABCD .FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM Faculty of Civil Engineering Tel:(+603) 5543 6189 Fax: (+603) 5543 5275 By taking Σ Moment at mid point of column EI.6) – 100 (4.25P)(18) – (0.25P)(10) + (1.5P = (0.6) – (100)(4.435) = 33.5)( 26.044 kN iii.25P = (0.8) = 0 (0.5P)(4) – (80)(1. GK and HL are as follows.8) =0 2.435) = 6. calculate the value of P Σ MEI +=0 P2 (10) + P3 (18) – P1 (4) – 80 (1.435 kN FJ = P1 = 0. EI = P = 26.435 kN Therefore the value of axial forces for columns EI.5P – 2P – 128 – 480 = 0 P = 26.25)(26.25)(26.435) = 13. FJ.218 kN GK = P2 = 0.609 kN HL = P3 = 1.Cantilever Method Page 8 .25P = (1.

6 m 4.6) = 0 (0.25P = (1. calculate the value of P Σ MAE +=0 P2 (10) + P3 (18) – P1 (4) – 100 (1.0 m P2 P3 By taking Σ Moment at mid point of column AE. BF.957) = 1.5P = (0. AE = P = 6.957) = 3.697 kN Determine shear force and moment for beam ABCD .5P – 2P – 160 = 0 P = 6.0 m 8.FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM Faculty of Civil Engineering Tel:(+603) 5543 6189 Fax: (+603) 5543 5275 8m 100 kN 1.25)(6.25P)(10) + 1.739 kN DH = P3 = 1.957) = 8.5P + 22.5)( 6.957 kN BF = P1 = 0.479 kN CG = P2 = 0.0 m P 4.25P = (0.6) =0 2.5P)(4) – (100)(1.25P(18) – (0.0 m P1 2. CG and DH are as follows.957 kN Therefore the value of axial forces for columns AE.25)( 6.Cantilever Method Page 9 .

VBC (3) = 0 MB MB – (-10.VAB + VBC + P1 = 0 VBC = .6.10.957 .6.P VAB = .FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM Faculty of Civil Engineering Tel:(+603) 5543 6189 Fax: (+603) 5543 5275 At Point A VAB Σ FY↑+ = 0 P + VAB = 0 VAB = .31.Cantilever Method Page 10 .957)(2) = 0 MA MA = .914 kNm # At Point B VBC VAB = .308 kNm # .436 kN # P1 = 3.479 VBC = .13.6.436)(3) = 0 MB = .957 kN VAB = .957 kN Σ FY↑+ = 0 .957 kN # P = 6.436 kN Σ MB +=0 MB .6.10.VAB(2) = 0 MA – (-6.479 kN VBC = .957 kN Σ MA +=0 MA .3.

34.10.P2 = 0 VCD = .0 m .8.308 kNm 13.739 kN VCD = .914 kNm 13.VBC + VCD .436 + 1.739 VCD = .436 kN Σ FY↑+ = 0 .8.788 kNm # Bending moment diagram for beam ABCD 34.0 m 34.697)(4) = 0 MC = .697 kN Σ MC +=0 MC .788 kNm 8.10.308 kNm 4.697 kN # P2 = 1.FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM Faculty of Civil Engineering Tel:(+603) 5543 6189 Fax: (+603) 5543 5275 At Point C VCD VBC = .788 kNm 31.914 kNm 31.VCD (4) = 0 MC MC – (-8.Cantilever Method 6.0 m Page 11 .

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.

scribd