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2/23/2010

FLAT SLAB
Types of flat slab 1

2 3 4

1 3

With drop panel


Without drop panel

2 4

With column head With drop panel &column head

Concrete Dimension : −
L1

External panel
L2

Internal panel

L1 = Length of panel in X direction


L 2 = Length of panel in Y direction
L = ( L1 + L 2 ) / 2

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Slab
Case without drop panel
= 150 mm

t s </ =
Le
32
where L e is averagelength of exterior panel

Li
= where L i is averagelength of interior panel
36

Case with drop panel


= 150 mm

Le
t s </ =
36
where L e is average length of exterior panel

Li
= where L i is average length of interior panel
40

Column

= 300 mm

H
b </ =
15
where H is height of the floor

L
= where L is average length of panel in direction (b)
20

Drop Panel

⎛1 1⎞ ts
td = ⎜ → ⎟ ts td
⎝ 4 2⎠
1 Ld
L d </ length of panel
3
1
>/ length of short panel
2

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Ls </ L/3
>/ L s /2

</ L s /3
>/ L s /2

LS
drop panel is square, its length =
2

Column Head
D : - diameter of the biggest circle enclosed by
column section or cap section D
1 •
D >/ Ls θ
4
θ >/ 45°

Marginal Beam ts
tb ≥ 3 ts tb
if t b < 3t s it is not marginal beam

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Column strip & field strip

L
half col. strip
Without drop panel Ls
L−
2
Ls field strip
Width of col. strip = 1/ 2 L s
Column strip
Ls/2

Ls/2
Ls/ 2

With drop panel


Width of col. strip = Width of drop panel

Analysis of Flat Slab

Methods of analysis
1 − Frame analysis
2 − Empirical method
3 − Finite element (computer program)
4 − Yield line method (plastic theory)

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Frame analysis L1 L2

L3
In this method, the frame action

(L3--L4) /2
between slab and columns will
be taken into consideration in
two directions.

L4
H upper I1 I1 I1
I4 I3 I4 I3 I4
H lower
I2 I2 I2

L1 L2

Where inertia in case of vertical loads is as follows


I1 = inertia of upper column section
I 2 = inertia of lower column section
I 3 = inertia of cross section of slab without drop

ts

(L3 + L4) / 2

I 4 = inertia of cross section of slab with drop

ts ts + td

(L3 + L4) / 2

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( )
W = Load of flat slab / m 2 * width of strip

* * * case of loading must be taken into consideration


strip width
* * * For case of lateral load effective width of sec . = (D + 6 t s ) >/
3
* * * The
Th resulting
lti momentt is
i distribute
di t ib t d by
b th
the following
f ll i ratio.
ti

Moment Column strip Field strip

-ve M 80 % 20 %
(external panel)

+ve M 75 % 25 %
(interior panel)

+ve M 55 % 45 %

2 − Empirical Method

Conditions for using this method

1 − The ratio between the length and the width of the panal
not to exceed 4/3 ( L / L S >/ 4/3 )
2 − The difference between any two adjacent spans not exceed than 10% the
largest one
3 − The difference between any two spans not exceed than 20% the largest one
4 − Number of spans in each direction not less 3 spans
5 − The length of external panel not exceed the length of the internal panel
⎛ axis of columns with eccentricity ⎞
6 − The column be on the same raw ⇒ ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟
⎝10 % of panel length are allowed ⎠

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Loads
without drop panel
Wu = D. L. *1.4 + L.L. *1.6
where D.L. = O.W + F.C. + Wwall/m2
Wwall / m
Wwall/m2 = ≥ 100 Kg/m 2 (assumption)
3
with drop panel
L1
Wu = D. L. *1.4 + L.L. * 1.6
where D.L. = O.W + F.C. + Wwall/m2

Wwall/m2 =
Wwall / m
≥ 100 Kg/m 2
L2
3
o.w = t s ave * γ R.C.
t d * Ld * Ld
where t s ave = (t s + )
L1 * L 2
calculation of B.M.
strip
t i in
i longitudin
l it di all direction
di ti off L1

⎡ WL 2 ⎤
⎥ [L1 − 2/3 D]
2
MO = ⎢
⎣ 8 ⎦
L1 = span 2 D
.
(L1− 2/3 D )
3 2
L a = width of strip L1

Strip in perpendicular Direction


⎡ WL 2 ⎤
MO = ⎢ [L1 − 2/3 D]2
⎣ 8 ⎥⎦
Distribution of M O

External p
panel Interior p
panel
- ve +ve - ve +ve
column A 40% 30% 45% 25%
strip B 30%
Field A 10% 20% 15% 15%
strip B 20%

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Note :
In case of L.L. > 1.5 D.L.
- ve moment must be taken in mid span

for column strip


2
⎡ 2 ⎤ ⎡L ⎤ ⎡ 2 ⎤
M -ve min = ⎢g - p⎥ * ⎢ 2 ⎥ * ⎢L1 − D ⎥
⎣ 3 ⎦ ⎣ 40 ⎦ ⎣ 3 ⎦

for Field strip


p
2
⎡ 2 ⎤ ⎡L ⎤ ⎡ 2 ⎤
M - ve min = ⎢g - p⎥ * ⎢ 2 ⎥ * ⎢L1 − D⎥
⎣ 3 ⎦ ⎣100 ⎦ ⎣ 3 ⎦
where g = D.L.
p = L.L.
A B

ts

t b ≥ 3t s

without marginal beam


with marginal beam

A without marginal beam

40 % 45 % 45 %
column strip
35 % 25 %

10 % 15 % 15 %

field strip
20 % 15 %
B with marginal beam
30 % 45 %
45 %

column
l strip
i
30 % 25 %

20 % 15 %
15 %

field strip
20 %
15 %

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This values is correct in case of col. Strip width equal to field strip width
But incase of field strip width is bigger than half length of panel

actual width
M field act. = M field cal. *
1/2 length of panel

In this case you may reduce column strip moment but


The total moment in col. Strip and field strip is constant

Design of sections
given
Mu
b = width of strip (c.s. or f.s.)
d = t s - cover⎛ 2 cm long direction ⎞
⎜ 3cm short direction ⎟⎠

Mu
d = c1
b. f cu
Mu
As = = ............./ strip
j . d . fy
As
As / m′ = = ............./ m′
b
As min = 5Φ 12 / m′

Note (for column strip)


when using drop panel
d -ve = (t s + t d - c)
d + ve = (t s - c)

strip Sec. d cm b cm M ult C1 j As / strip As /m

c.s. Ext -ve

Ext +ve

Int -ve

Int +ve

f.s. Ext -ve

Ext +ve

Int -ve

Int +ve

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Details of RFT
with drop panel

100% T 100% T

eld strip
50% B
50% B 50% B

Fie
50% B

50% T 50% T
50% T

n strip
50% T

column
at least 2 bares of bares b should
extend to the supports
100% B 100% B
min. 50% B min. 50% B B : -Bottom RFT mesh
T : -Top RFT mesh
L : - span
Ln : - clear span
Typical Details of RFT of Flat Slab

Details of RFT
without drop panel

100% T 100% T
Field strip

50% B
50% B 50% B
50% B
F

100% T 100% T
umn strip

100% B
100% B
colu

B : -Bottom RFT mesh


T : -Top RFT mesh
L : - span
Ln : - clear span
Typical Details of RFT of Flat Slab

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