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Paradise Lost








Editor of American Notes and Queries.




3, 4, 5

142, 144, 146, 148




PR .

In 1628 he took his B. Comus and Lycidas. a magistrate in OxfordMilton had scarcely been shire. 1608. Milton married Mary. He declined to take holy orders. and immediately turned his steps homeward. and continued for several years to pour out a great number of controversial pamphlets. Arcades. retire His 3 father. he wrote several treatises advocating greater leniency in the discipline of divorce. acquired a JOHN birth he lived but at the time of the Brant poet's in and live upon competent street. Unfortunately.ndness. Gill.. civil among them Grotius and Galileo. in which he made remarkable he rarely quitted his studies before midnight. the acquaintance of his travels He was received abroad with distinguished attention and made many celebrated men. and soon after intimated her intention of not returning to her husband. It was here that he wrote on the Nativity. U tour on the Continent. and some minor pieces. where. the daughter of Richard Powel. Milton's mother died. Cambridge. While on he received news of the disturbances in England which preceded the estab- lishment of the Commonwealth. to which they were firmly devoted. sons and a few other young pupils. In 1638. Milton was admitted to Christ's College. his industry that Such was this total b'.LIFE OF MILTON. A. A. life fortune to ener by profession. In 1624. and he obtained permission from his father to make a for five years he ardently pursued his studies. Time and The Passion. and began to pay his addresses . and retired to his father's house at Herton. married a month when his wife paid a visit to her relatives. Nightingale. MILTON was born in London on sufficient the pth of December. the poems on the Circumcision. they belonged to opposite political factions. and 1632 his degree of M. At the same time he threw himself with great ardor into the civil and religious controversies of the time. in Buckinghamshire. he applied himself with great zeal to the study of classical liteVature. under the care of Dr. In 1643. In early he had been disinherited by his parents for renouncing the Church of Rome. Paul's school. Stung by her desertion. arriving home after an absence of about fifteen months he took lodgings in London and educated his . near St. a scrivestate. Paul's. After having received considerable advantage from the instructions of a private tutor the young Milton was sent to St. close application occasioned a weakness of the eyes which in later years terminated in progress. where his exquisite Hymn and produced the beautiful poems Allegro and the Sonnet to the and // Penseroso. distinguishing himself by his sister's advocacy of republican principles.

immortal as made its her own more sfcall sure. however. whom he was upon the point of marrying. Giles's. Margaret's. West- Abbey. in which received but scant attention this and produced his immortal poem of Paradise an age given over to ribaldry and lewdness." . and in a degree solitary. later it is the gift of Mr. his genius was to be no longer the defence of political factions. employed in munion with Lost. The Restoration deprived him of his office. and his widow later accepted Paradise Regained and Samson Agonistes. Milton's keen pen so his to a wife recommended him to Cromwell's esteem that at the establishment of the Commonweath he was appointed until the restoration of secretary of foreign tongues in 1649. which prefer- For some time he had an apartment at Soon after he Whitehall. and he by no he found himself free from the burden became totally blind . he held comhis spirit. and in 1656 he married Catharine Wood- ment he enjoyed Charles II. James's Park. be common freehold while both worlds endure. cock. For were published poet died In in in 1670.vi LIFE OF MILTON. in the chancel of the church. Very recently a magnificent stained-glass window in his memory has been placed in St. Cripplegate. and was buried in St. and bears the following lofty plea inscription of Whittier : "The New World Whose Their honors him whose For England's freedom song. The illustrious 1674. theme. this was driven into political obscurity. young lady of great wit and beauty. Fortunately for literature. saw wonderful visions. and minster." In 1663 in the " Her monument is the poet married for the third time Elizabeth Minshull. immortal work Milton received but ten pounds. 1737 a monument was raised to his memory in Westminster another was placed in the church in which he was buried. eight pounds in discharge of all further claims. he commenced a History of England. Childs. was instituted in his office his wife died in childbed. discouraged him from work. which the widower commemorated his loss. Blind. whom he appears to have lived very happily. George W. Milton's last poems. however. When of public controversy. with him. who died in the sonnet same unfortunate manner about a year later. he carried no farther than the Norman Conquest. but afterward removed to lodgings opening into St. and who survived At about the time of the death of his first wife Milton means. when suddenly returned and implored and obtained his forgiveness. which.

not in the centre. . who lay till then in the after . suddenly built out of the deep : the infernal peers there sit in council. but tells them lastly of a new world. revolting from God. certainly not yet accursed. and what to determine thereon. into the great deep. that angels were long before this visible creation. first in brief. presenting Satan with his Heaven and Earth may be supposed as yet not made. . What . and drawing to his side many legions of angels. and the loss thereupon of Paradise. the Serpent. by the command of God. till one greater Restore us. for hastens into the midst of things. They rise their numbers array of battle their chief leaders named. Here Satan. who first taught the chosen seed In the beginning how the heavens and earth Rose out of Chaos or. and Siloa's brook that Fast by the oracle of God. wherein he was placed then touches the prime cause of his fall. his associates thence attempt. rises. Man seat. and regain the blissful OF disobedience. with his angels. man's disobedience. Sing. if Sion hill : flowed Delight thee more. Pandemonium. with all his . . To find out the truth of this prophecy. according to an ancient prophecy. To these Satan directs his speech.PARADISE LOST. was. I. comforts them with hope yet of regaining Heaven. BOOK THE . the Poem angels now falling into Hell. order and dignity lay by him . lying on the burning lake. that on the secret top Of Oreb. . man's first Brought death into With loss of Eden. or rather Satan in the Serpent who. driven out of Heaven. calls up him who next in they confer of their miserable fall Satan awakens all his legions. or report in Heaven for. according to the idols known afterward in Canaan and the countries adjoining. and the fruit Of that forbidden tree. same manner confounded. fullest called Chaos. the whole subject. or of Sinai. described here. thunderstruck and astonished. whose mortal taste the world. First Book proposes. a certain space recovers. and all our woe. heavenly Muse. didst inspire That shepherd. I thence Invoke thy aid to my adventurous song. and a new kind of creature to be created. as from confusion. he refers to a full council. but in a place of utter darkness. was the opinion of many ancient fathers. Which action passed over. crew. the palace of Satan.

Illumine what is low. With hideous ruin and combustion. up with envy and revenge. That. with ambitious aim. Instruct me. Of rebel Angels . With vain Almighty PoweiT Hurled headlong flaming from the ethereal sky. MosTTligh. what cause first Heaven of the world besides foul revolt? ? Who The first seduced them to that Serpent . he opposed and. lords hides nothing from thy view. while in pursues prose or rhyme. with no middle flight. and the battle proud. whose guile.. Things unattempted yet And chiefly Thou. And justify the ways of God for to Say Nor Moved our grand parents. sat'st brooding on the vast abyss. the deep tract of Hell say first.14-47- intends to soar it Above the Aonian mount. aspiring glory above his peers. infernal he it was. to fall off From their Creator. O Spirit. raise and support . that dost prefer Before all temples the upright heart and pure.PARADISE LOST. And madest it pregnant. there to dwell . That I to the height of this great argument men. with all his host Stirred . Him To bottomless perdition . To He If set himself in by whose aid. present. trusted to have equalled the . Dove-like. may assert Eternal Providence. Raised impious war in Heaven. in that happy state. for Thou know'st: Thou from the first Wast and with mighty wings outspread. Favoured of Heaven so highly. down attempt. |OOK I. Against the throne and monarchy of God. deceived { The mother of mankind what time his pride Had cast him out from Heaven. What in me is dark. . and transgress His will For one restraint.

flamed. but torture without end urges. he with his horrid crew Lay vanquished. In adamantine chains and penal fire. and wild: A dungeon light. where peace And rest can never dwell. Yet from those flames No but rather darkness/ visible to discover sights of woe. Served only Regions of sorrow.] PARADISE LOST. . ! unlike the place from whence they fell There the companions of his fall. That witnessed huge affliction and dismay. Both of lost Mixed with obdurate pride and steadfast At once. and their portion set As far removed from God and light of heaven. he views hate. As one -great furnace. and named Beelzebub: to whom the arch-enemy. The dismal situation waste horrible. as far as angels' ken. and a fiery deluge. As from Oh. hope never comes That comes Still to all . fed With ever-burning sulphur unconsumed. doleful shades. Nine times the space that measures day and night To mortal men. Such place eternal justice had prepared For those rebellious here their prison ordained In utter darkness. though immortal. how With the centre thrice to the utmost pole. on all sides round. soon discerns and weltering by his side . rolling in the fiery gulf. now happiness and lasting pain Torments him. and next in crime. Round he throws his baleful eyes. o'erwhelmed floods He One and whirlwinds of tempestuous fire.BOOK I. Who durst defy the Omnipotent to arms. . Reserved him to more wrath But for his doom the thought . after Long known in Palestine. next himself in power. Confounded. 48-81.

immortal hate. whom mutual league. The force of those dire arms ? Yet not Nor what the potent Victor in his rage Can else inflict. now misery hath joined In equal ruin into what pit thou seest . shall his That glory never Extort from me. To bow wrath or might and sue for grace With Who suppliant knee. and shame beneath . how fallen If thou beest he . me preferring. that fixed mind. That durst dislike his reign. who. equal hope And hazard in the glorious enterprise. thus began but oh. United thoughts and counsels. and deify His power from the terror of this arm so late Doubted his empire that were low indeed. the unconquerable will. And shook his throne. ! how changed him. From what He height fallen. study of revenge. What though the field be lost? All is And And courage And what is not lost. That with the Mightiest raised me to contend. And to the fierce contention brought along And Innumerable force of Spirits armed. in the happy realms of light. with bold : words Breaking the horrid silence. Though changed in outward lustre. That were an ignominy. so with his thunder. His utmost power with adverse power opposed In dubious battle on the plains of Heaven.PARADISE LOST. never to submit or yield. though bright ! If he. Clothed with transcendent brightness.-82-ns- Heaven called Satan. do I repent or change. And thence in [BOOK I. and. didst outshine From Myriads. else not to be overcome. high disdain from sense of injured merit. And much till the stronger proved then who knew for those. Joined with me once.

lines 44. 45. . Book I..Him the Almighty Power Hurled headlong flaming from the ethereal sky.

Z2J ..Forthwith upright he rears from off the pool His mighty stature Book /. Una 221.

Irreconcilable to our grand Foe. So spake the apostate angel. and. And put to proof His high supremacy. cannot Since. and. eternal war. Or do Him mightier service as His thralls . Vaunting aloud. And this empyreal substance. That we may so suffice His vengeful ire. endanger'd heaven's perpetual King. That led the embattled seraphim to war prince.BOOK I. Who now triumphs. in foresight much advanced may with more successful hope resolve wage. all But what if He our Conqueror whom I now ours- Of force believe Almighty since no less Than such could have o'erpowered such force as Have left us this our spirit and strength entire. though in pain. or chance. in dreadful deeds Fearless. Strongly to suffer and support our pains. through experience of this great event. many-throned powers. Whether upheld by strength. and all this or fate . That with sad overthrow and Hath lost us Heaven.] PARADISE LOST. We To In arms not worse. mighty host In horrible destruction laid thus low. Since. in the excess of joy Sole reigning. by force or guile. This downfall. Too well I see and rue the dire event. the strength of gods. but racked with deep despair And him thus answered soon his bold compeer: . fail . holds the tyranny of Heaven. As gods and heavenly essences Can perish: for the mind and spirit remain far as Invincible. foul defeat. our glory extinct. and vigour soon returns. 116-149. by fate. O O chief of Under thy conduct. and happy state Though Here swallowed up in endless misery.

with red lightning and impetuous rage. Perhaps hath spent his shafts. or eternal being. and ceases now To bellow through the vast and boundless Deep. whate'er [BOOK l. so as perhaps I fail not. though yet we feel Strength undiminished. and disturb their destined aim. it whether scorn. and the thunder. hath laid hail. yield from our Foe. task. Doing or suffering: but of this be sure. As being the contrary to His high will Whom we resist. to find And out of good oft-times still means of evil . If then His providence Out of our evil seek Our labour must be to bring forth good. to pervert that end. To do aught good never will be our But ever to do ill our sole delight. succeed. His inmost counsels from But see! the angry Victor hath recalled His ministers of vengeance and pursuit Back to the gates of Heaven. Or satiate fury. The fiery surge. His business be. that from the precipice Of Heaven received us falling. Here to in the heart of hell to work in fire. Winged Let us not slip the occasion.-i 5 o-i8 3 . His errands can it in the gloomy Deep? What then avail.PARADISE LOST. The sulphurous Shot after us in storm. Save what the glimmering of these livid flames Cast pale and dreadful? Thither let us tend . o'erblown. void of light. forlorn and wild. The seat of desolation. By Or right of war. To undergo punishment? Whereto with speedy words the arch-fiend replied: Fallen cherub ! eternal to be weak is miserable. Which may if Shall grieve Him. Seest thou the dreary plain.

or that sea-beast all Leviathan. slumbering pilot of on the Norway foam. or heaved his head. How What overcome this dire calamity. The some small night-foundered skiff. or Typhon. enraged. and eyes That sparkling blazed. his other parts besides extended long and large.-i84-2i7]. By ancient Tarsus held . oft. If not. that warred on Jove Briareus. Deeming some island. flood. nor ever thence Had risen.BOOK I. talking to his nearest mate. reiterated crimes he - That with might on himself while he sought damnation. in bulk as huge As whom the fables name of monstrous size. Moors by his side under the lea. haply. rest if any rest can harbour there And. From There off the tossing of these fiery waves. or Earth-born. but that the will And high permission of all-ruling Heaven Left him at large to his own dark designs. PARADISE LOST. Lay floating many a rood. Heap Evil to others How all and. our own Consult powers. Prone on the Titanian. as seamen tell. while night Invests the sea. and wished morn delays So stretched out huge in length the Arch-fiend : lay Chained on the burning lake. might see his malice served but to bring forth : . what resolution from Thus Satan. reinforcement we may gain from hope. With head uplift above the wave. henceforth most offend loss afflicted how repair. re-assembling our how we may Our Enemy. despair. which God of His works Created hugest that swim the ocean stream: Him. With fixed anchor in his scaly rind. whom the den .

Infernal world And thou. as the lake With with liquid. On each hand the flames. the clime. force hath made supreme is Above His Farewell. -2 18-251. Sublimed with mineral winds leave a singed bottom. this the seat . reason hath equalled. Such resting found the sole Of unblessed feet. leave in the midst a horrid vale. and. and mercy. and by their own recovered strength. can dispose and bid shall be right: furthest from Him is best. poured. till on dry land He lights if it were land that ever burned solid. slope their pointing spires. Forthwith upright he rears from off the pool His mighty stature. Infinite [BOOK I. but on himself Treble confusion. profoundest Hell. shown man by him seduced. Hail. whose combustible And And fuelled entrails thence conceiving fury. steers his flight incumbent on the dusky air. Him followed his next mate : Both glorying to have 'scaped the Stygian flood As gods. rolled In billows. That felt unusual weight. . this the soil. grace. Said then the lost archangel. Is this the region. Who now What Whom Where Sovran. aid the fire. On goodness. That we must change For that celestial light for ? Heaven Be it so this ! mournful gloom Since He. horrors joy for ever dwells equals. fire: And Of such appeared in hue as when the force subterranean wind transports a hill Torn from Pelorus. and vengeance. happy fields. wrath. Driven backward. Not by the sufferance of supernal Power. ! ! ! hail. or the shattered side Of thundering ^Etna. Then with expanded wings he Aloft. all involved With stench and smoke.PARADISE LOST.

is The mind Can make its own place. though erewhile.BOOK. And what I should be. their liveliest pledge Of hope in fears and dangers. and round. And them not to share with us their part or once more In this unhappy mansion With rallied arms to try what may be yet . astounded fallen now As we and amazed. his ponderous shield. though in Hell. and in itself a Heaven of Hell. in my choice. secure. Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heaven. I. Here we may reign will not drive us hence.] PARADISE LOST. associates loss. To reign is worth ambition. What matter where. Regained in ? . The and copartners of our Lie thus astonished on the oblivious call pool. New courage and revive. such a pernicious height. He scarce had ceased. Heaven.-252-2S5. in all assaults Their surest signals. if I be still the same. Ethereal temper. when it raged. massy. when the superior fiend Was moving towards the shore. they will soon resume they lie Grovelling and prostrate on yon lake of fire. a Hell of Heaven. or what more lost in Hell So Satan spake and him Beelzebub Thus answered Leader of those armies bright. Here at least not built Here for His envy. . No wonder. all but less than He Whom thunder hath made greater? We shall be free the Almighty hath . A Receive thy new possessor! One who brings mind not to be changed by place or time. and on the perilous edge Of battle. large. and. But wherefore let we then our faithful friends. heard so oft In worse extremes. : Which but If the Omnipotent none could have foiled ! once they hear that voice.

that all the hollow deep Of Hell resounded : Princes. to equal which the tallest pine. Hewn on Norwegian hills. to descry new lands. and called who lay entranced Thick as autumnal leaves that strew the brooks In Vallambrosa. Or have ye chosen of battle to repose this place After the . who beheld From And the safe shore their floating carcases broken chariot-wheels so thick bestrewn. where the Etrurian shades High overarched embower. in her spotty globe. toil now lost. legions. to be the mast On some great ammiral. Under amazement of their hideous change. or scattered sedge Afloat. potentates. : Abject and lost lay these. once yours. till on the beach Of His that inflamed sea he stood.- At evening from the top of Fesole Or in Valdarno. whose artist views Through optic glass the Tuscan [BOOK I. Warriors. or mountains. He called so loud. Behind him cast.I0 PARADISE LOST. when with fierce winds Orion armed Hath vexed the Red Sea coast. vaulted with fire. While with perfidious hatred they pursued The sojourners of Goshen. If such astonishment as this can seize Eternal spirits. covering the flood. He walked with to support uneasy steps Over the burning marl. were but a wand. Nathless he so endured. His spear. Rivers. and the torrid clime Smote on him sore besides. not like those steps On Heaven's azure. whose waves o'erthrew Busiris and his Memphian chivalry. the flower of Heaven. angel forms. The broad circumference orb Hung on his shoulders like the moon.

in even balance down all they light On the firm brimstone. Upon the wing and were abashed. the evil plight by whom In which they were. under the cope of Hell. arise.BOOK I. Till. and bestir themselves ere well awake. till Cherub and seraph rolling in the With scattered arms and ensigns. and surrounding fires. As when the potent rod Of Amram's Waved Of son. PARADISE LOST. 320-353. to pass Rhene or the Danaw. Hovering on wing. or the fierce pains not feel. as in this abject in the vales of Heaven ? To posture have ye sworn adore the Conqueror ? who now beholds flood. up called a pitchy cloud warping on the eastern wind That o'er the realm of impious Pharaoh hung Like night. the uplifted spear Of their great sultan waving and to direct Their course. round the coast. and darkened all the land of Nile: locusts. virtue. fill the plain. at a signal given. sleeping found Rouse Nor did they not perceive they dread. and descending. like which the populous North Poured never from her frozen loins. His swift pursuers anon from Heaven-gates discern The advantage. for the ease n find Your wearied you To Or slumber here.] . wont to watch On duty. or be for ever fallen ! They heard. nether. A multitude. Yet to their general's voice they soon obeyed Innumerable. and up they sprung as when men. in Egypt's evil day. upper. So numberless were Twixt those bad Angels seen. when her barbarous sons . tread us down Thus drooping. or with linked thunderbolts Transfix us to the bottom of this gulf? Awake.

Muse. first. princely dignities And powers that erst in Heaven sat on thrones. who. Who who last. blotted out and rased By their rebellion from the Book of Life. and the invisible Glory of Him that made them to transform Oft to the image 'of a brute. The chief were those. various idols through the heathen world. wandering o'er the earth. Forthwith from every squadron and each band. and forms . By falsities and lies the greatest part Of mankind they corrupted to forsake God their Creator. durst fix Their seats long after next the seat of God.PARADISE LOST. often placed . Roused from the slumber. throned Between the cherubim. Though of their names in heavenly records now Be no memorial. Excelling Godlike shapes. as next in worth singly where he stood on the bare strand. and durst abide Jehovah thundering out of Sion. that fiery couch. Say. The heads and leaders thither haste where stood Beneath Gibraltar Their great commander. yea. . gods adored Among the nations round. Through God's high sufferance. Came Roaming to seek their prey on earth. on At their great emperor's call. full of pomp and gold. And And devils to adore for deities: to Then were they known men by various names. adorned With gay religions. human . a deluge on the south. Came like [BOOK 1354-387. their names then known. for the trial of man. While the promiscuous crowd stood yet aloof. and spread to the Libyan sands. Their altars by His altar. Nor had they yet among the sons of Eve Got them new names till. from the pit of Hell.

. . and up they sprung. and were abashed.They heard. line 331. Book /.

.. v Book /. 345. Hovering on wing. lines 344. under the cope of Hell.So numberless were those bad Angels seen.

cries Their children's unheard. had general names flood . Of human Though. besmeared with blood sacrifice.] PARADISE LOST. his other Israel in name. who.BOOK I. grove On The that opprobrious and made his And pleasant valley of Hinnom. the noise of drums and timbrels loud. The And Peor Seon's realm. by the grove lust hard by hate . good Josiah drove them hence to Hell. with their darkness durst affront His Moloch. and the wild Of southmost Abarim. Him Ammonite Worshipped in Rabba and her watery plain. that passed through the fire To his grim idol. Within His sanctuary itself their shrines. and with cursed things His holy rites and solemn feasts profaned. Nor content with such Audacious neighbourhood. Eleale to the asphaltic pool. in Hesebon. From Aroer to Nebo. for and parents' tears. to the stream Of utmost Arnon. light. And Horonaim. the wisest heart Of Solomon he led by fraud to build His temple right against the temple of hill. when he enticed Sittim.-388-43I. In Argob and in Basan. . Chemos. from the bordering Of old Euphrates to the brook that parts Egypt from Syrian ground. Abominations. Next. the obscene dread of Moab's sons. horrid king. on their march from Nile. Tophet thence black Gehenna called. he enlarged his lustful orgies Even to that hill of Of Moloch homicide Till scandal. To do him wanton Yet thence which cost them woe. And First. God. With these came they. clad with vines. the type of Hell. beyond flowery dale of Sibma. rites.

These feminine for spirits. Astoreth. Whose annual wound. Dilated or condensed. For those the race of Israel oft forsook left Their Living Strength. or both. bright or obscure. by the vision led. so soft . to Lebanon allured The Syrian damsels In to lament his fate amorous ditties all a summer's day. To whose bright image nightly by the moon Sidonian virgins paid their vows and songs. Like cumbrous flesh. Not tied or manacled with joint or limb.PARADISE LOST.UK>K I. Can either sex assume. whose heart. In Sion also not unsung. fell though large. sunk before the spear these in troop the Phoenicians called despicable foes. when. supposed with blood Of Thammuz yearly wounded the love-tale : Infected Sion's daughters with like heat. and unfrequented His righteous altar. where stood Her temple on the offensive mountain.-422-455- And uncompounded is their essence pure. Of Baalim and Ashtaroth. Beguiled by fair idolatresses. Thammuz came next behind. but. And works of love or enmity fulfil. . . Can execute their aery purposes. when they please. While smooth Adonis from his native rock Ran purple to the sea. . Whose wanton passions in the sacred porch Ezekiel saw. in what shape they choose. bowing lowly down which their To bestial gods Bowed down in Of for heads as low battle. Nor founded on the brittle strength of bones. queen of heaven. with crescent horns. With Came whom Astarte. built By that uxorious king. To idols foul. those male.

equalled with one stroke Both her first-born and all her bleating gods. Next came one Who mourned in earnest. Of Palestine. and her priests. calf in when their borrowed gold composed Oreb. when the captive ark off Maimed his brute image. in one night. heads and hands lopped In his own temple. sea-monster. on the grunsel edge. his sottish conqueror. in dreaded through the coast Gath and Ascalon. A For one of Syrian mode. Nor did Israel 'scape The The infection. After these appeared names of old renown. And Accaron and Gaza's frontier bounds.BOOK I.-4 5 6-48 9 . whose delightful seat Was He Damascus. Ahaz. and adore the gods Whom he had vanquished. . under A Their wandering gods disguised in brutish forms Rather than human. upward man And downward fish: yet had his temple high Reared in Azotus. Osiris. who. Orus. when He passed From Egypt marching. leper once he lost. Him followed Rimmon. lucid streams. His eye surveyed the dark idolatries Of alienated Judah. on the fertile banks Of Abbana and Pharphar. Where he fell flat. Likening his Maker to the grazed ox. Dagon his name. and their train.] PARADISE LOST. whom he drew God's altar to disparage and displace. fair also 'gainst the house of God was bold: and gained a king. Isis. and shamed his worshippers. With monstrous shapes and sorceries abused Fanatic Egypt. to seek crew. who. Jehovah. whereon to burn His odious offerings. and the rebel king Doubled that sin in Bethel and in Dan.

yet confessed later than heaven and earth. of Javan's issue held Gods. who filled With lust and violence the house of God? In courts and palaces he also reigns. Belial [BOOK I. The Ionian gods. the Celtic roamed the utmost isles. then wander forth the sons Of Belial. and that night when the hospitable door Exposed a matron. Their boasted parents: Titan. With his enormous brood. The rest were long to tdl. birthright seized By younger Saturn he from mightier Jove. or more gross Vice for itself: to : Or altar smoked him no temple stood. or who with Saturn old Fled over Adria And o'er Hesperian fields. but with looks . to the All these and more came flocking. streets of Sodom. and outrage : Witness the In Gibeah. . thence on the snowy top Of cold Olympus ruled the middle air. and through all the bounds . when the priest Turns atheist. to avoid worse rape.-49-5*3. injury. And in luxurious cities. came last. as did Eli's sons. yet who more oft than he In temples and at altars. Their highest heaven Or Of Doric land or on the Delphian cliff. These were the prime in order and in might. And and when night Darkens the streets. and . flown with insolence and wine. though far renowned. in Dodona. His own and Rhea's son. So Jove usurping reigned. like measure found. where the noise Of riot ascends above their loftiest towers. Downcast and damp yet such wherein appeared . heaven's first-born.l6 PARADISE LOST. These first in Crete And Ida known. than whom a spirit more lewd to love Fell not from heaven.

Hook /. By place or choice the worthiest.Their summons called From every band and squared regiment. lints 757-759- ..

.. a.High on a throne of royal state. which far Outshone the wealth of Ormus and of Ind. /<*t i. Book II.

that at the warlike sound Of trumpets loud and clarions. At which the universal host up sent A shout. That proud honour claim'd staff unfurled Azazel as his right. forest . All in a moment. not substance. that bore Semblance of worth. gently raised Their fainting courage. be upreared His mighty standard. Who forthwith from the glittering The imperial ensign.-524-557-] PARADISE LOST. a cherub tall.BOOK I. Shone like a meteor streaming to the wind. A Of death immeasurable: anon they move In perfect phalanx to the Dorian mood Of flutes and soft recorders. and instead of rage Deliberate valour breathed. . and chase . Seraphic arms and trophies all the while Sonorous metal blowing martial sounds. With them huge of spears and thronging helms Appeared. to have found themselves not lost In loss itself. With gems and golden lustre rich emblazed. that tore Hell's concave. But he. through the gloom were seen rose Ten thousand banners rise into the air. and serried shields in thick array. and beyond Frighted the reign of Chaos and old Night. to have found their chief Not in despair. firm and To unmoved With dread of death to flight or foul retreat: Nor wanting power to mitigate and 'suage With solemn touches troubled thoughts. and dispelled their fears. his wonted pride Soon recollecting. which on his countenance cast Like doubtful hue. which. Then straight commands. Obscure some glimpse of joy. With orient colours waving. such as raised height of noblest temper heroes old Arming to battle. with high words. full high advanced.

in his strength For never. and soon traverse The whole battalion views. since created man. though all the giant brood Of Phlegra with That the heroic race were joined fought at Thebes and Ilium. From mortal or immortal minds. And Advanced in view they stand. and sorrow. He. And all who since. or Morocco. a horrid front now Of Of dreadful length and dazzling arms. Met such embodied force. or Trebisond. His form had yet not lost . Their number last he sums. on each side auxiliar gods. Thus they. And now his heart Distends with pride. L' 5 o K I--5S8-59'- with fixed thought. Damasco. soft pipes. Jousted in When By Charlemain with all his peerage fell Fontarabia. Aspramont. Breathing united force. and hardening Glories. baptized or infidel. Anguish.PARADISE LOST. above the In shape and gesture proudly eminent. Or whom Biserta sent from Afric shore. as named with these Could merit more than that small infantry Warred on by cranes. Awaiting what command their mighty chief through the armed files Darts his experienced eye. yet observed Their dread commander. to impose. Mixed with and what resounds In fable or romance of Uther's son Begirt with British and Armoric knights. and doubt. Stood like a tower. and fear. or Montalban. that Moved on in silence to charmed Their painful steps o'er the burnt soil. Had He Their visages and stature as of gods. Thus far these beyond rest Compare of mortal prowess. their order due. in guise warriors old with ordered spear and shield. and pain.

He now prepared : To speak whereat their doubled ranks they bend From wing to wing. In dim eclipse. Millions of spirits for his fault amerced Of Heaven. but under brows courage. though the event was dire. Shorn of his beams. Looks through the horizontal misty air. their stately growth.-592-62 5 .BOOK I. or from behind the moon. interwove with sighs. Stands on the blasted heath. Far other once beheld in bliss condemned For ever now to have their lot in pain. in spite of scorn. As this place testifies. but with the Almighty! and that strife Was not inglorious. and half enclose him round . Darkened change yet shone his face Above them Deep Sat on his all the Archangel. to behold The fellows of his crime. and the excess Of glory obscured.] PARADISE LOST. Their glory withered as when heaven's fire Hath scathed the forest oaks. but cast Signs of remorse and passion. burst forth at last : Words. But scars of thunder had intrenched. or mountain pines. though bare. such as angels weep. Less than Archangel ruined. and thrice. as when new risen. and from eternal splendours flung For his revolt. Perplexes monarchs. All its original brightness. With all his peers: attention held them mute. the followers rather- Waiting revenge. Tears. disastrous twilight sheds On half the nations. ! O powers myriads of immortal spirits Matchless. Thrice he essayed. found out their way. and with fear of so. nor appeared the sun. yet faithful how they stood. and care faded cheek. O and this dire change. . and considerate pride Of dauntless Cruel his eye. With singed top.

till But He who reigns heaven. For who can yet believe. But these thoughts . Our better part remains To work in close design. Thither. but still His strength concealed. and . Which tempted our wrought our fall. and His regal state Put forth at full. So war provoked. stood like these. could ever how such know repulse? loss. nor the abyss Long under darkness cover. could have feared. shall fail Self-raised. Foreseeing or presaging. But what power of mind. be witness If all to re-ascend native seat? the host of heaven. who overcomes force. whereof so rife There went a fame in heaven that he ere long Intended to create. should be perhaps Thither or elsewhere. eruption. upheld by old repute. Henceforth His might we know. hath overcome but half his foe. from the depth Of knowledge past or present. and re-possess their For me. and therein plant A generation whom his choice regard Should favour equal to the sons of heaven. or dread attempt. if Our For first but to pry. or dangers shunned lost By me. this infernal pit shall never hold Celestial spirits in bondage. Consent or custom.PARADISE LOST. and know our own as not either to provoke. though after That all these puissant legions. Hateful to utter! [BOOK I. whose exile Hath emptied heaven. by fraud or guile. Space may produce new worlds. How As such united force of gods. have Monarch in our hopes. What force effected not. then as one secure Sat on His throne. counsels different.-62 <M> 59 . that He no less New At By length from us may find.

2. and wondering . There stood a Belched fire hill not far. rolling : and the rest entire Mammon. whose grisly top smoke. else enjoyed In vision beatific. Ransacked the and with impious hands Rifled the bowels. out flew Millions of flaming swords. must be resolved. Or cast a rampart. For who can think submission War then. war. Forerun the royal camp. spake: and to confirm his words. Full counsel must mature.BOOK I. trodden Than aught divine or holy. that soil may let best Deserve the precious bane. of their mother earth For treasures.1 Peace ? is despaired . and by his suggestion taught. admiring more The riches of heaven's pavement. A numerous brigade hastened as when bands Of pioneers. to trench a field. Soon had his crew centre. Hurling defiance toward the vault of Heaven. thoughts gold. And here those tell Who boast in mortal things. for e'en in heaven his looks and Were always downward bent.-660-693-] PARADISE LOST. Mammon led them on. in And That digged out riches wound. . Open or understood. the sudden blaze Far round illumined Hell. By him first Men also. Let none admire grow Hell. Shone with a glossy scurf. Thither. with spade and pickaxe arm'd. drawn from the thighs He Of mighty cherubim Against the Highest. Opened into the hill a spacious ribs of gold. winged with speed. The work of sulphur. and fierce Highly they raged with grasped arms Clashed on their sounding shields the din of war. better hid. the least erected spirit that fell From heaven. undoubted sign That in his womb was hid metallic ore.

out of the earth. are easily outdone By spirits reprobate. monuments of fame. where pilasters round Were set. in many cells prepared.22 PARADISE LOST. To many a row of pipes the soundboard breathes. By strange conveyance. to enshrine Belus or Serapis. and the works of their greatest [BOOK I. wide Within. their gods. and scummed the bullion dross. -694-728. A third as soon had formed within the ground art. Nor did there want frieze. with the sound Of dulcet symphonies and voices sweet. From the arched roof. filled each hollow nook. discover. Of Babel. scarce perform. from one blast of wind. The Nor roof was fretted gold. her ample spaces. Opening their brazen folds. or seat Their kings. Anon. and Doric pillars overlaid With golden Cornice or architrave. with incessant toil And hands innumerable. with bossy sculptures graven. With wondrous founded the massy ore. many a row Of starry lamps and blazing cressets. Severing each kind. What in an age they. such magnificence Equalled in all their glories. and from the boiling cells. Not Babylon. As in an organ. Nigh on the plain. and straight the doors. Pendent by subtle magic. great Alcairo. o'er the smooth And level pavement. A various mould. and art. And strength. fed . a second multitude. Built like a temple. and in an hour. That underneath had veins of liquid fire Sluiced from the lake. The ascending pile Soon fixed her stately height. when Egypt with Assyria strove In wealth and luxury. Learn how Memphian kings. a fabric huge Rose like an exhalation.

and how he fell From heaven. yielded light As from a sky. And sat as princes. heralds. Where sceptred angels held their residence. and gave to rule. Of Satan and his Their summons called From By every band and squared regiment. nor did he 'scape all his engines. Meanwhile the winged by command Of sovereign power. With hundreds and with thousands. where champions bold . but chief the spacious hall Though like a covered field. thrown by angry Jove Sheer o'er the crystal battlements : from morn To noon A from noon to dewy eve. Attended. Each in his hierarchy. they fabled. this rebellious rout Fell long before To By With nor aught availed him now have built in heaven high towers. his Nor was name unheard or unadored In ancient Greece. forthwith to be held the high capital peers. Erring. summer's day. the orders bright. On Lemnos. and with the setting sun he fell. Thus they relate. throughout the host proclaim solemn council. the gates And porches wide. but was headlong sent his industrious crew to build in Hell. 23 . His hand was known . he with .] PARADISE LOST. a towered structure high. And some the architect. trooping came. ^Egean isle. and in the Ausonian land Men called him Mulciber.BOOK 1729-763. The hasty multitude Admiring entered and the work some praise. for like a falling star. with awful ceremony And A trumpet's sound. At Pandemonium. All access was thronged . place or choice the worthiest . whom the supreme King In heaven by many Exalted to such power. With naphtha and asphaltus. Dropped from the zenith. they anon.

And The in their own dimensions. and were at large. while overhead the moon Sits arbitress. or career with lance- Thick swarmed. Wont ride in armed. on their mirth and dance jocund music charm his ear. on golden full. expatiate and confer affairs. A thousand demi-gods. with pale course. the signal given. the great consult began. Pour forth their . in narrow room Throng numberless like that Pygmean race Beyond the Indian mount. so thick the aery crowd Swarmed and were straitened. -764-798- and at the Soldan's chair Defied the best of Panim chivalry To mortal combat. when the sun with Taurus rides. Or dreams he sees. Whose midnight revels by a forest side Or fountain. Brushed with the hiss of rustling wings. or fairy elves. New rubbed with balm. In clusters The suburb of their straw-built citadel. seats. At once with joy and fear his heart rebounds. they. Thus incorporeal spirits to smallest forms Reduced their shapes immense.PARADISE LOST. . As bees In spring-time. Frequent and After short silence then. populous youth about the hive they among fresh dews and flowers Fly to and fro. some belated peasant sees. But far within. Behold a wonder! They but now who seemed Their state In bigness to surpass earth's giant sons. Though without number still. both on the ground and in the air. amidst the hall Of that infernal court. till. like themselves. Now less than smallest dwarfs. great seraphic lords and cherubim In close recess and secret conclave sat. And summons read. [BOOK I. or on the smoothed plank. and nearer to the earth Wheels her Intent.

directed by Chaos. HIGH on a throne of royal state. equal or not much inferior to themselves. in counsel or in fight. Some advise it. Satan debates whether another others dissuade: a third proposal is II. He . aspires Beyond thus high insatiate to pursue Vain war with Heaven and. sight of this new world which he sought.BOOK The consultation begun. . and another kind of creature. with richest hand. as their inclinations lead them. Hath been achieved of merit. the power of that place. and to several employ. Me though just right. From this descent Celestial virtues rising. Thus high uplifted beyond hope. Or where the gorgeous East. And trust themselves to fear no second fate. about this time to be created. and discover to him the great gulf between hell and heaven with what difficulty he passes through. voyage. by success untaught. free choice. next. I give not Heaven for lost. though oppressed and fallen. to . from despair . their chief. by whom at length they are opened. Did first create your leader. will appear more dread than from no fall. by merit raised To that bad eminence and. His proud imaginations thus displayed: Powers and Dominions. With what besides. undertakes alone the preferred. mentioned before by Satan. The council thus ended. and who sat there to guard them . pearl Showers on her kings barbaric Satan exalted sat. Their doubt. to entertain the time Satan return. passes on his journey to hell-gates finds them shut. to the ments. and the fixed laws of Heaven. which far Outshone the wealth of Ormus and of Ind. Thus far at least recovered. . to battle be be hazarded for the recovery of heaven. is honoured and applauded. and gold. who shall be sent on this difficult search Satan. hath much more glorious and More Established in a safe unenvied throne. . yet this loss. the rest betake till them several ways. Deities of Heaven ! For since no deep within her gulf can hold Immortal vigour. search the truth of that prophecy or tradition in heaven concerning another world.

that with ambitious mind Will covet more. To union. the strongest and the fiercest spirit That fought in Heaven. With that care lost Went all his fear. and condemns to greatest share 1 . or hell. of God. and firm accord. can grow up there For none sure will claim in Hell strife none. and rather than be less. The happier but state In Heaven. we now return To claim our just inheritance of old. Yielded with full [BOOK 1124-57 consent. might draw Envy from each \Yill inferior. He recked not. Millions that stand in arms. Surer to prosper than prosperity Could have assured us Whether We now and.26 PARADISE LOST. fugitives. or when they need. sit lingering here. For. Cared not to be at all. With this advantage then Precedence. not now. and next him Moloch. shall the rest. them let those for who need. up. debate who can advise. may speak. . whose portion is so small Of present pain. His trust was with the Eternal to be deemed Equal in strength. Your bulwark. and firm faith. or worse. which follows dignity. now fiercer by despair. boast not. More than can be in Heaven. by what best way. From faction. and longing wait The signal to ascend. and these words thereafter spake: My Contrive sentence I is More unexpert. while they sit contriving. who here envy whom the highest place exposes Foremost to stand against the Thunderer's aim. : He Stood ceased. open war. or covert guile. sceptred king. Of wiles. Heaven's and for their dwelling-place . of open war. Of ' endless pain ? Where no there is then no good For which to strive.

But perhaps The way seems difficult and steep to scale With upright wing against a higher foe. . all at once.BOOK 1158-91. to if there be in hell Fear be worse destroyed. ! with hell flames and fury. What from can be worse bliss. he shall hear Infernal thunder. We To sunk thus low ? . Where pain of unextinguishable fire Must exercise us without hope The vassals of his anger. to meet the noise Of his almighty engine. driven out condemned In this abhorred deep to utter woe. The event is feared should we again provoke Our stronger. Who but felt of late. and the torturing hour. tortures into horrid Turning our arms Against the torturer. Let such bethink them. our proper motion we ascend descent and fall Up to To us When our native seat: is adverse.] PARADISE LOST. Than to dwell here. the fierce foe hung on our broken rear and pursued us through the deep. the scourge Inexorable. The ascent is easy then. when. and his throne itself fire. The By Armed prison of his tyranny who reigns our delay ? No let us rather choose. for lightning. when of end. O'er Heaven's high towers to force resistless way. and. With what compulsion and laborious flight Insulting. see Black fire Among and horror shot with equal rage his Angels. > 27 Accept this dark opprobrious den of shame. Mixed with Tartarean sulphur and strange His own invented torments. some worse way his wrath may find our destruction. if the sleepy drench Of that forgetful lake in That benumb not still.

and by proof we feel Our power sufficient to disturb his heaven. in act more graceful A fairer person lost and humane. and high exploit: But all was false and hollow. is Desperate revenge. and his look denounced not victory. and in what excels. Did not dissuade me most.. . to perplex and dash thoughts were low: To vice industrious. And I with persuasive accent thus began : open war. As not behind in hate if what was urged Main reason to persuade immediate war. to the height enraged. then ? What doubt we to incense His utmost ire. which. What fear we. nothing if this essential happier Than miserable to have eternal being- our substance be indeed divine. Maturest counsels: for his . And cannot cease to be. though his tongue Dropt manna. frowning.28 PARADISE LOST. and seem to cast Ominous conjecture on the whole success When he. us. we are at worst On this side nothing. ended. but to nobler deeds Timorous and slothful yet he pleased the ear. And with perpetual inroads to alarm. Call us to [BOOK 1192-125. who most excels in fact of arms. and battle dangerous To less than gods. In what he counsels. if Though Which. and could make the worse appear The better reason. On the other side up rose Belial. penance? More destroyed than thus We should be quite abolished. inaccessible. and expire. not heaven. O peers. his fatal throne. Will either quite consume and reduce far To Or. . should be much for . he seemed For dignity composed. He yet revenge.

and the ethereal mould. and at our heels all hell should rise With blackest insurrection. Encamp Oft on the bordering deep their legions or. To give his enemies their wish. Scout. so wise. and purge off the baser Victorious. more. or will ever ? How he can. or unaware.OST.BOOK II. Is flat fire. is sure. In the wide womb of uncreated night. what revenge? With armed watch.-I26-I59-] PARADISE L. with obscure wing . that must end us that must be our cure. The Almighty And To be no Though Victor to spend all His rage. 29 Mistrustful grounds his courage on despair And utter dissolution. Scorning surprise. Those thoughts To perish rather. whether our angry Foe Can give it. to confound light. wander through eternity. after are filled Impregnable. as the scope some dire revenge. All incorruptible. Devoid of sense and motion ? And who knows. that render all access all Of his aim. The towers of heaven First. swallowed up and lost be good. Sad cure that ! for who would lose. and end Them in his anger. Let this Is doubtful : that he never will. far and wide into the realm of night. yet our great Enemy. our final hope despair: we must exasperate . let loose at once his Belike through impotence. Or could we break our way By force. would soon expel Her mischief. Heaven's purest Incapable of stain. full of pain. Will he. this intellectual being. would on his throne Sit unpolluted. whom his anger saves To punish endless ? Wherefore cease we then ? . ire. Thus repulsed.

30 PARADISE LOST. shall be hurled Each on his rock transfixed. whose eye He from heaven's height things at one view ? All these our motions vain sees. Should intermitted vengeance arm again His red right hand to plague us? What if all Her stores were opened. and this firmament Of Hell should spout her cataracts of fire. unpitied. . What can we suffer worse? Is this then worst. . What 1 if Awaked. Impendent horrors. the sport Of racking whirlwinds. and destined to eternal woe: Whatever doing. wrapped There and prey ever sunk in chains. what can we suffer more. Views all deceive his mind. and struck [BOOK II. and besought The deep to shelter us? This hell then seemed A refuge from those wounds. Reserved. With him. our plots and wiles. unreprieved. from above. threatening hideous fall One day upon our heads. And plunge us in the flames? Or. or for Under yon boiling ocean. Say they who counsel war We are decreed. Ages of hopeless end ? This would be worse. With heaven's afflicting thunder. My open or concealed. the breath that kindled those grim fires should blow them into sevenfold rage. who Not more almighty to Than wise to frustrate resist all our might. alike voice dissuades for what can force or guile therefore. and derides or .-i6o-i 93 . Thus sitting. Unrespited. thus in arms? What! when we fled amain. pursued. Designing or exhorting glorious war. thus consulting. or when we lay Chained on the burning lake ? That sure was worse. Caught in a fiery tempest. while we. perhaps. War. to converse with everlasting groans.

His anger. . Our Supreme Foe in time may much remit . against so great a Foe fall. . and perhaps. fires Not mind us not With what is punished Will slacken. and void of pain. Contending. To suffer. the race of heaven Thus trampled. Our purer essence then Their noxious vapour . The sentence of their Conqueror. overcome . . whence these raging stir His breath will or. though but ill for ill. or bonds. thus far removed. thus expelled Chains and these torments ? to suffer here Better these than worse. will receive Familiar the fierce heat. not their flames. since fate inevitable decree. Not peace: And after him thus Mammon spake: . Subdues and omnipotent Victor's will. what chance. nor the law unjust That so ordains this was at first resolved. and peaceful sloth. not worst If we procure not to ourselves more woe. with words clothed in reason's garb. By my The Our If advice us.] PARADISE LOST.BOOK 11194-228. wise. what change Worth waiting: since our present lot appears For happy. not feel to the place Or. if that fail What yet they know must them. : we were laugh. this darkness light: Besides what hope the never-ending flight Of future days may bring. Counselled ignoble ease. as strength is equal. satisfied . or ignominy. to do. This horror will grow mild. Shall 3: we then live thus vile. This is now Our doom which if we can sustain and bear. and conformed In temper and in nature. shrink and fear follow. inured. or pain. to endure Exile. Thus Belial. and so doubtful what might I when those who at the spear are bold And venturous. if offending. changed at length.

and his altar breathes Ambrosial odours and ambrosial flowers. and Chaos judge the The The latter. and Forced hallelujahs.PARADISE LOST. unless heaven's Lord supreme Suppose he should relent. argues as vain for what place can be for us Within heaven's bound. to celebrate his throne Stand in his With warbled hymns. We presence humble. Either to disenthrone the [BOOK 11229-262. yield strife. And publish grace to all. on promise made Of new subjection with what eyes could we overpower? . Our servile offerings ? This must be our task In heaven. King of Heaven \Ye war. and from our own Live to ourselves. but rather seek Our own good from Free. preferring Hard liberty before the easy yoke Of servile pomp. our state Of splendid vassalage. when great things of Useful of hurtful. prosperous of adverse. and to none accountable. this our delight. How wearisome Eternity so spent. . and receive Strict laws imposed. Our greatness will appear Then most conspicuous. Him to unthrone we then May hope. former. or to regain Our own right lost. Through labour and endurance. though in this vast recess. when everlasting Fate shall To fickle Chance. This deep world evil. We . can create and in what place soe'er small. Thrive under and work ease out of pain. in worship paid To whom we hate Let us not then pursue ! By force impossible. ourselves. if war be best. while to his Godhead sing sits he lordly Our envied Sovereign. vain to hope. though in heaven. by leave obtained Unacceptable.

Book tr. and Chimeras dire.Jine CaP .Gorgons. and Hydras.

10 On Before the gates there sat either side a formidable shape. lines 648.. . Hook II. 649.

Wants not her hidden lustre. The sensible of which must needs remove To Of All things invite peaceful counsels. which might rise . when we please ? This desert soil . now with hoarse cadence lull Seafaring men o'erwatched. with regard Of what we are. so much the fear Of thunder and the sword of Michael Wrought still within them.BOOK II. whose bark by chance pinnace. Ye have what I advise. roar. which all night long roused the sea. Into their temper. his glory unobscured. and the settled state order. The sound of as when hollow rocks retain Had Or blustering winds. Of darkness do we dread ? 33 How oft amidst Thick clouds and dark doth heaven's all-ruling Sire Choose to reside. such applause was heard As Mammon ended. He scarce had finished. And with the majesty of darkness round his throne. ? from whence deep thunders Mustering their rage. anchors in a craggy bay After the tempest. And no less desire To found this nether empire. and what can heaven show more? Our torments also may in length of time Become our elements these piercing fires As soft as now severe. gems and gold Nor want we skill or art. For such another field They dreaded worse than hell. how in safety best we may pain. and where.-26 3 -2 96. quite All thoughts of war. and his sentence pleased. from whence to raise Magnificence. our temper changed . Advising peace. dismissing The assembly.] PARADISE LOST. when such murmur filled Compose our present evils. cannot we his light Covers Imitate. and heaven resembles hell As he our darkness.

Deep on and public in ruin. his front engraven Deliberation care. than whom. and long process of time. Satan except. here to continue. Ethereal virtues or these titles now ! Must we renounce. In emulation opposite to heaven. as with his golden those in heaven. Under the inevitable curb reserved. By policy. fit to bear The weight of mightiest monarchies. What sit we then projecting peace and war ? War hath determined us. though Sage he With Atlantean shoulders. not our safe retreat his potent arm. offspring of heaven. and foiled with loss .-2 97-33o.34 PARADISE LOST. none higher sat. changing style. in new league Banded against his throne. and of His kingdom lose no part By our revolt. [BOOK H. and build up here ' A growing empire. to live we dream. From His captive multitude : for he. Doubtless. Heaven hath doomed exempt heaven's high jurisdiction. still first and last will reign Sole king. and. Which when Beelzebub perceived. and with iron sceptre rule Us here. sat. and in his rising seemed A pillar of state. be sure. His look Drew audience and attention still as night Or summer's noontide air. but to remain In strictest bondage. while And know Beyond not that the King of This place our dungeon. Majestic. be called Princes of hell ? For so the popular vote Inclines. with grave Aspect he rose. stood. while thus he spake: Thrones. In height or depth. and imperial powers. And princely counsel in his face yet shone. but over hell extend His empire. though thus far removed.

how endued. The utmost border of To their defence who kingdom. but custody severe. called like to us. the happy seat Of some new race. That shook Heaven's whole circumference. and revenge. what peace will be* given To us enslaved. of what mould power. 35 terms of peace yet none for Vouchsafed or sought. Though heaven be sit shut. and by an oath. Thither let us bend all our thoughts. how attempted substance. left hold Here perhaps achieved Some advantageous By sudden act may be onset. And stripes.] PARADISE LOST.-33i. though slow. another world. But to our power hostility and hate. Inflicted ? and what peace can we return. So was his will Pronounced among the gods. to fear invade no assault or if siege. this place his may exposed.II. And heaven's high Arbitrator secure lie In his own strength. nor shall we need With dangerous expedition Heaven. and may least rejoice In doing what we most in suffering feel? Nor will occasion want. about though less this time To be created In power and excellence. Irreparable . best. confirmed. but favoured more Of him who rules above. either with hell-fire . and what their And where their weakness. What is we find Some If easier enterprise? There a place ancient and prophetic fame in heaven Err not. Man. Untamed reluctance. whose high walls Or ambush from the deep. Yet ever plotting how the Conqueror least May reap his conquest.3 64. and arbitrary punishment. to learn What Or creatures there inhabit. By force or subtlety. it.

whence. Faded so soon. This would surpass Seduce them Common revenge. Pleased highly those infernal in all their eyes. our party. to confound the race Of mankind in one root. first devised For whence. us. well ended long debate. And opportune excursion. from the lowest deep. which. when his darling sons. and with repenting hand Abolish his own works. But from the author of all ill. and interrupt his joy In our confusion. that their God May prove their foe. and joy assent : With full They vote. Thus Beelzebub Pleaded his devilish counsel. with neighbouring arms. could spring By So deep a malice. Satan. done all to spite The great Creator? But their spite still serves To His glory Sparkled to augment. we may chance Re-enter heaven or else in some mild zone seat. and faded if bliss. as we were driven. Attempting. to Or. and in part proposed. sit this be worth in darkness here Hatching vain empires. Synod of gods and. . Perhaps in view Of those bright confines. Will once more lift us up. and earth with hell mingle and involve. not unvisited of heaven's fair light . ! ' Great things resolved. in spite of fate. and our joy upraise In his disturbance. like to what ye are. Whereat his speech he thus renews Well have ye judged. To waste his whole creation. and drive. or possess All as our own. [800x11365-308 The puny habitants. shall Hurled headlong Their frail to partake with curse original. The bold design states. Nearer our ancient Dwell. if not drive. or to Advise.36 PARADISE LOST.

perilous attempt. . The weight of all. unmoved thus spake O progeny of Heaven empyreal Thrones ! ! With reason hath deep Seized us. whom shall new world? shall Whom shall we send we find feet Who tempt with wandering The dark. and our last hope. awaiting who appeared To The second. unbottomed. . infinite abyss. on whom we send. : Conscious of highest worth. or undertake. Alone the dreadful voyage Satan. None among the choice and prime Of So those heaven-warring champions could be foumi hardy. or oppose. till at last whom now Above transcendent glory raised his fellows. In search of this Sufficient? But first.BOOK II. abrupt. Shall breathe her balm. Pondering the danger with deep thoughts and each In other's countenance read his own dismay. silence and demur though undismayed. Astonished. Long is the way . This said. indefatigable wings. relies. and at the brightening orient beam Purge off this gloom the soft delicious air. But all sat mute. can then what evasion bear him Through the strict sentries and stations thick Of Angels watching round ? Here he had need All circumspection and we now no less Choice in our suffrage. or spread his aery flight. And through the palpable obscure find out His uncouth way. : 37 To heal the scar of these corrosive fires. as to proffer or accept .-399-432. or isle? What strength.] PARADISE LOST. ere he arrive Upborne with Over the vast The happy Suffice. what safe art. His look suspense. for. Secure. he sat and expectation held . with monarchal pride.

and so much above the to rest him due Of hazard more. this huge convex of fire. could deter Me from attempting. O peers. though fallen intend at While here shall be our home. Through all the coasts of dark destruction seek Deliverance for us None This enterprise shall partake with me. in the shape Of difficulty or danger. thence he 'scape into whatever world. Wherefore do I assume These royalties. and not refuse to reign. hard. Refusing to accept as great a share Of hazard as of honour. And this imperial sovereignty. . prohibit all egress. the void Wide If gaping. if aught proposed And judged of public moment. Or unknown region. rose all. Thus saying. armed with power. and render Hell More tolerable if there be cure or charm . what best homemay ease The present misery. plunged in that abortive gulf.^33-466. To Of respite. mighty powers. Barred over us.PARADISE LOST. if [BOOK 11. therefore. while I abroad. Intermit no watch Against a wakeful Foe. Outrageous to devour. And up to light. and as hard escape? should ill become this throne. due alike To him who reigns. and gates of burning adamant. that out of hell leads These passed. High honoured as he sits? Go. profound Of unessential night receives him next any pass. adorned With splendour. what remains him less Than unknown But It dangers. Our prison strong. this ill or slack the pain mansion. and with utter loss of being Threatens him. immures us round Ninefold. ! Terror of heaven. or deceive.

damned lest bad men should boast Their specious deeds on earth. from his resolution raised. while the north wind sleeps. Attest their joy. and. Extol him equal to the Highest in heaven. which glory excites. Others among And. If chance the radiant sun. As when from mountain-tops dusky clouds Ascending. God proclaiming peace. rejoicing matchless the chief. Or close ambition. varnished o'er with zeaL Thus they their doubtful consultations in their dark Ended. Toward him they bend With awful reverence prone and as a god .BOOK II. than his voice Forbidding. the hill fields revive. with farewell sweet. and bleating herds rings. . Which he through hazard huge must earn. and prevented Prudent. so refused. winning cheap the high repute. enmity. 39 all reply. might in opinion stand His rivals. that ! and valley O shame to men Devil with devil damned Firm concord holds.] PARADISE LOST. or shower. and at once with him they rose. for "the general safety he despised His own. The monarch. o'erspread Heaven's cheerful face. though under hope Of heavenly grace. Nor That Lose failed they to express how much spirits they praised. Their rising all at once was as the sound Of thunder heard remote. and strife. the louring element Scowls o'er the darkened landsjc]^ snow. But they Dreaded not more the adventure. The birds their notes renew. the chief might offer now Certain to be refused what erst they feared. Yet live in hatred. men only disagree Of creatures rational.-467-500. lest. his Extend evening beam. all For neither do the their virtue .

to warn proud cities. or in swift race contend. As Olympian games or Pythian fields Part curb their fiery steeds. perplexed where he may likeliest Truce to his restless thoughts. mighty paramount. or shun the goal at the . With rapid wheels. That day and night In The Stygian council order came the grand their thus dissolved. and levy cruel wars. Then. Wasting the earth. and horrent arms. or in the air sublime Upon the wing. they bid cry With trumpets' regal sound the great result. of their session ended. till his great chief return. and forth infernal peers. Among As if Man which might induce us to accord had not hellish foes enow besides. the ranged powers Disband. themselves. each his several way Pursues. each other to destroy: [BOOK 11501-534. war appears Waged in the troubled sky. and seemed Alone the antagonist of Heaven. with pomp supreme. and entertain find The irksome hours. globe of fiery seraphim enclosed With bright emblazonry. nor less Midst came Than Hell's dread emperor. As when. for his destruction wait. . wandering. Toward the four winds four speedy cherubim Put to their mouths the sounding alchemy. and. and armies rush . By herald's voice explained Heard far and wide.4o PARADISE LOST. And A Him round god-like imitated state. Part on the plain. or fronted brigads form. Thence more at ease their minds. as inclination or sad choice Leads him. and somewhat the hollow abyss the host of Hell raised By false presumptuous hope. and all With deafening shout returned them loud acclaim.

when Alcides. Fixed fate. To battle in the clouds. foreknowledge. As With Hell scarce holds the wild uproar.HOOK li. from (Echalia crowned conquest. and hapless fall By doom of battle and complain that fate . free will. Of good and evil much they argued Of happiness and final misery.J PARADISE LOST. and false philosophy. before each 41 van Prick forth the aery knights. in And found no end. Others. could charm Pain for a while. Lichas from the top of (Eta threw Into the Euboic sea. and fate . with vast Typhcean rage. Yet. Rend up both rocks and hills. with a pleasing sorcery. more fell. but the harmony Their song was partial What could it less when spirits immortal sing Suspended Hell. In thoughts more elevate. or arm the obdured breast . Retreated in a silent valley. more mild. will.S 68. Others. and reasoned high Of providence. and excite Fallacious hope. then. song charms the senseOthers apart sat on a hill retired. and glory and shame. and couch their spears Till thickest legions close. felt the envenomed robe. Passion and apathy. with feats of arms From either end of heaven the welkin burns. foreknowledge absolute. and took with ravishment . sing With notes angelical to many a harp Their own heroic deeds. Free virtue should enthral to force or chance. ? The thronging audience. In discourse more sweet For eloquence the soul. wandering mazes lost. Vain wisdom all.-53s. and tore Through pain up by And the roots Thessalian pines. or anguish. and ride the air In whirlwind.

. which on firm land Thaws not. and cold performs the effect of fire. . extremes by change more fierce.PARADISE LOST. With stubborn Another part. if any clime perhaps Might yield them easier habitation. by harpy-footed furies haled. the flood of deadly hate . former state and being forgets. patience. beat with perpetual storms Of whirlwind and dire hail. named of lamentation loud Heard on the rueful stream fierce Phlegethon. Forthwith his whereof who drinks. all the damned Are brought. along the rivers. of raging fire. bold adventure to discover wide That dismal world. this flood a frozen continent Lies dark and wild. black and deep. and frozen round. Lethe. bend Four ways their Of four infernal flying march. and ruin seems or else deep snow and ice. infixed. banks that disgorge Into the burning lake their baleful streams: Abhorred Styx. from these. and there to pine s From beds Immovable. The parching Betwixt Damiata and Burns frore. as with triple steel. grief. . in On squadrons and gross bands. rolls Her watery labyrinth. A gulf profound as that Serbonian bog air mount Casius old. to starve in ice Their soft ethereal warmth. gathers heap. Cocytus. a slow and silent stream. Whose waves of torrent Far oijf fire inflame with rage.S 69-6o2. the river of oblivion. but Of ancient pile . of sorrow. Sad Acheron. At certain revolutions. [BOOK li. Thither. Where armies whole have sunk. and' feel by turns the bitter change Of fierce extremes. Forgets both joy and Beyond pleasure and pain.

which God by curse evil. bogs. all Perverse. all monstrous. and found Through many a dark and dreary They passed. and of itself the water . with thoughts inflamed of highest design. many a fiery Alp. lakes. the adventurous bands._6o3-636.] PARADISE LOST. And But fate withstands. Satan. universe of death. Gorgons. Thus roving on In confused march forlorn. sometimes the left. Sometimes scours the right-hand coast. dens.flies All taste of living wight. and Hydras. and eyes aghast. thence hurried back to fire. this Lethean sound sorrow to augment. No vale O'er many a frozen. caves. the adversary of God and man. as they pass. then soars He Up to the fiery concave towering high. A Rocks. all Created for evil Where life only good. With shuddering horror pale. to reach The tempting stream. fens. death lives. and Chimeras dire. sea a fleet As when far off at descried . to and their wish and struggle. and towards the gates of hell Explores his solitary flight. Meanwhile. All in one moment. and to oppose the attempt Medusa with Gorgonian terror guards The ford. Viewed first their lamentable lot. rest. and so near the brink. 43 They Both ferry over fro. and shades of death.BOOK H. Periods of time. Puts on swift wings. as once it fled The lip of Tantalus. with one small drop to lose In sweet forgetfulness all pain and woe. and many a region dolorous. Abominable. unutterable. and Nature breeds dies. and worse Than fables yet have feigned. Now shaves with level wing the deep. prodigious things. or fear conceived.

Three iron. impaled with circling fire. and fair. About her middle round A cry of hell-hounds never-ceasing barked. would creep. whence merchants bring Their spicy drugs. three of adamantine rock Impenetrable. to dance With Lapland If witches. Yet when they list. called In secret. With wide Cerberian mouths. unseen. full loud. Through the wide Ethiopian to the Cape. and rung A hideous peal. . a serpent armed With mortal sting. Yet unconsumed. they on the trading flood. many a scaly fold Voluminous and vast. [6001411637-670. bathing in the sea that parts Calabria from the hoarse Trinacrian shore. Lured with the smell of infant blood. into her womb. aught disturbed their noise. At last appear Hell-bounds. And thrice threefold the gates. or the isles Of Ternate and Tidore.44 PARADISE LOST. Threefolds were brass. Far less abhorred than these Vexed Nor Scylla. or limb. high reaching to the horrid roof. shape it might be called that shape had none Distinguishable in member. Before the gates there sat On either side a formidable shape . The other shape. Or substance might be called that shadow seemed. For each seemed either black it stood as Night. And kennel there yet there still barked and howled If . by equinoxial winds Close sailing from Bengala. Hangs in the clouds. when. joint. while the labouring moon Eclipses at their charms. riding through the air she comes. Ply stemming nightly toward the pole: so seemed Far off the flying fiend. The one seemed woman But ended foul in to the waist. Within. uglier follow the night-hag.

I Where Thy False fugitive. execrable shape! That darest. Satan was now at hand. and faith. till then Drew after him the third part of heaven's sons Conjured against the Highest. replied : ! Art thou that traitor-angel. And shook a dreadful dart.BOOK II. Hell-born. came as fast With horrid strides Hell trembled as he strode. outcast from God. God and His Son except. or with one stroke of this dart Strange horror seize thee. . though grim and terrible. and to thy speed add wings. Hell-doomed. to enrage thee more. for which both thou And they. and learn by proof. full of wrath. Fierce as ten Furies. are here condemned To waste eternal days in woe and pain ? And reckonest thou thyself with Spirits of Heaven.] PARADISE LOST. terrible as Hell. what seemed his head 45* The likeness of a kingly crown had on. reign king. The undaunted fiend what this might be admired. Unbroken and in proud rebellious arms. Admired. not to contend with spirits of heaven To whom the goblin. . and pangs unfelt before. and what art thou. 671-704. nor shunned. not feared. That be assured. and breathest defiance here and scorn. Who first broke peace in Heaven. So spake the grizzly Terror. art thou he. Created thing nought valued he. . and. Lest with a whip of scorpions I pursue Thy lingering. or taste thy folly. advance Thy miscreated front athwart gates ? my way I To yonder Through them mean to pass. Retire. And with disdainful look thus first began : Whence. king and lord ? Back to thy punishment. without leave asked of thee. and in shape. and from his seat The monster moving onward.

which His wrath. No second stroke intend . For Him who above. Satan stood Unterrified. and kept the fatal key.46 PARADISE LOST. and laughs the while At thee ordained his drudge. On the other side. Incensed with indignation. grew tenfold More dreadful and deform. and like a comet burned. that Grew darker at their frown so matched . destroy ye both! her words the hellish pest Forbore. she ? cried. For never but once more was : either like To meet so great a Foe And now great deeds Had been achieved. ! Against thy only son Against thy father's sits What ? fury. O son Possesses thee to bend that mortal dart head and know'st for whom . Each at the head Levelled his deadly aim their fatal hands . So speaking and so threatening. Risen. then these to her Satan returned: at She spake. and with hideous outcry rushed between. and from his horrid hair fires Shakes pestilence and war. . That the length of Ophiuchus huge In the arctic sky. as With heaven's artillery Over the Caspian. O father ! what intends thy hands. and So strange thy outcry. whereof all Hell had rung. to execute Whate'er His wrath. To join their dark encounter in mid-air: So frowned the mighty combatants. and thy words so strange Thou interposest. which one day He will calls justice.-7o 5 7 38. [BOOK II. and such a frown black clouds. Had not the snaky sorceress that sat Fast by hell-gate. that my sudden hand. winds the signal blow Hell they stood. then stand Hovering a space. rattling Each cast at the other. come on front to front. bids. till when two fraught.

familiar grown. to our part loss and rout. To whom thus the portress of hell-gate replied: Hast thou forgot me then. At I first.BOOK II.] PARADISE LOST. and such joy thou took'st in secret. a goddess armed. Down they fell. till first thee yet by deeds I know of thee. 779-772. that me my womb . who full Became With me thy perfect image viewing. down . enamoured. and in sight Of the seraphim with thee combined In bold conspiracy against Heaven's King. and dizzy . Then shining heavenly fair. conceived A growing burden. Through the Empyrean. till. back they recoiled afraid Sin. and called me . All on a sudden miserable pain Surprised thee dim thine eyes. thus double-formed. Prevented. swum fast In darkness. and why. spares to tell 47 What What it intends. ' thing thou art. Likest to thee in on the left side opening wide. Driven headlong from the pitch of heaven. thee chiefly. Amazement seized All the host of heaven . Me I and that know thee not. Out of thy head I sprung. and do I seem Now In in thine ? eye so foul. phantasm call'st my son: nor ever saw till now Sight more detestable than him and thee. In this infernal vale first met. me but. and for a sign Portentous held pleased. shape and countenance bright. and with attractive graces won oft The most Thyself in averse. once deemed so fair Heaven all when at the assembly. thou call'st father. while thy head flames thick and Threw forth . Meanwhile war arose. And fields were fought in heaven wherein remained- For what could else? all to our Almighty Foe Clear victory.

that with ceaseless cry Surround me. Into this deep I . into the womb That bred them they return. Me And overtook. for. all my Transformed. and cried out Death ! Hell trembled at the hideous name. my womb. which none can pass also . and rueful throes. nether shape thus grew But he my inbred enemy fatal Forth issued. with fear and pain Distorted.48 PARADISE LOST. breaking violent way. as thou sawest. Thine own begotten. Prodigious motion felt. my son and foe. [BOOK II. I fled. but long sat not. I Pensive here till I sat Alone. My Before mine eyes in opposition sits Grim Death. I ! fled. and gnaw bowels. swifter far.-7 73 -8o6. brandishing his dart. hourly conceived And hourly born. when they list. Pregnant by thee. this powerful key Into my hand was given. and sighed Far from her caves. and in the general fall. of that rape begot These yelling monsters. and howl. his mother. full who And me his parent would them soon devour sets on. which time. For want of other prey. in all dismayed. At last this odious offspring whom thou seest. their repast. Tore through my entrails. then bursting forth Afresh. and now excessive grown. that. and back resounded. it seems. foul embraces forcible and Ingendering with me. That rest or intermission none I find. but that he knows . Death but he pursued though more. at Without my opening. Made to destroy. Inflamed with lust than rage and. with charge to keep These gates for ever shut. with conscious terrors vex me round. with sorrow infinite To me.

to supply Perhaps our vacant room. through dire change to set free Befallen us. O father. neither vainly hope To be invulnerable in those bright arms. the dear pledge Of dalliance had with thee in heaven. none can resist. unforeseen. and all the heavenly host From Of spirits. . Be this or aught more secret now designed. Might hap Than this move new broils. that. for that mortal Save He who reigns above. She finished and the subtle fiend his lore Soon learned. Though tempered heavenly. and therein placed Should A race of upstart creatures. since thou claim'st me for thy sire. Myself expose. and thus answered smooth: Dear daughter. Fell with us from on high. But thou. shall soon return. dint. one for all. come no enemy. by concurring signs. and his bane. and through the void immense To search with wandering quest a place foretold be. ere now Created.-807-840. From them I go This uncouth errand sole. I haste to To know. in our just pretences armed. though more removed. surcharged with potent multitude. and. so fate pronounced. vast and round. unthought of.] t PARADISE LOST. I forewarn thee. but out this dark and dismal house of pain Both him and thee. and. I 49 Whenever that shall be. a place of bliss In the purlieus of heaven. And bring and. Lest heaven. this once known. His end with mine involved. now milder. and knows that Should prove a bitter morsel. now sad to mention. with lonely steps to tread The unfounded deep. shun His deadly arrow.BOOK II. ye to the place where thou and Death . know. And my Then I son here show'st me. and joys fair sweet.

Here.PARADISE LOST. and up and down unseen Wing silently the buxom air. With terrors and with clamours compassed round Of mine own brood. as beseems Thy daughter and Sad thy darling. from her side the fatal key. -84 1-874- With odours. without end. Immeasurably. And by command of heaven's all-powerful King. embalmed [BOOK 1 1. and blessed maw Destined to that good hour. Thus saying. against Death ready stands to interpose But what owe I all force his dart. and hath hither thrust me down Into this sit gloom of Tartarus profound. in perpetual agony and pain. in hateful office here confined. she took . and heavenly born. He ceased. instrument of all our woe. thou My To being gavest ? me . among The gods who live at ease. Fearless to be o'ermatched by living might. and Death Grinned horrible a ghastly smile. Shall dwell at ease. thou my author. whom ? should I obey But thee that whom follow Thou wilt bring me soon new world of light and bliss. there ye shall be fed 'and filled all things shall be your prey. and thus bespake her sire : of this infernal pit by due. to hear His famine should be filled. where I shall reign At thy right hand voluptuous. . And towards the gate rolling her bestial train. by him forbidden to unlock The key These adamantine gates. Forthwith the huge portcullis high updrew. to His commands above Who To hates me. I keep. that on my bowels feed ? Thou art my father. for both seemed highly pleased his . No less rejoiced His mother bad. Inhabitant of heaven.

Light-armed or heavy. smooth. The Before their eyes in sudden view appear a dark secrets of the hoary deep . where length. might pass through. and on jarring sound. breadth. without bound. ancestors of Nature. four champions Strive here for mastery. that the lowest bottom shook Of Erebus. Illimitable ocean. And Chaos. sharp. Without dimension. their hinges grate Harsh thunder. Chaos umpire And by decision more embroils the sits.-875-908. are lost where eldest Night . and poise Their lighter wings. and every bolt and bar Of massy Unfastens. . Cold.BOOK II. amidst the noise Of endless wars. iron or solid rock with ease On a sudden open fly. or slow. but to shut Excelled her power: the gates wide open stood. and to battle bring Their embryon atoms they around the flag Of each his faction. For Hot. . and Dry. and place. unnumbered as the sands Barca or Cyrene's torrid soil. Under spread ensigns marching. swift. hold Eternal anarchy. Moist. then in the key-hole turns The intricate wards. and like a furnace-mouth Cast forth redounding smoke and ruddy flame.] PARADISE LOST. Swarm Of populous. She opened. Which but herself. To whom these most adhere He rules a moment. And time. fray . fierce. 5! not all the Stygian powers Could once have moved. That with extended wings a bannered host. With horse and chariots ranked in loose array So wide they stood. With impetuous recoil and The infernal doors. in their several clans. and by confusion stand. and height. Levied to side with warring winds.

Treading the crude consistence. meets vast vacuity. on he . At vans surging smoke Uplifted spurns the ground. spreads for flight. nor fire. the wary fiend Stood on the brink of hell. He and As cloudy chair. neither sea. nor air. nor shore. Unless the Almighty Maker them ordain His dark materials to create more worlds . Chance governs The womb Of neither But all Into this wild abyss. Into this wild abyss. Quenched in a boggy syrtis. [BOOK 11909-942. and to this hour Fluttering his pennons vain. fares. As many miles aloft. for no narrow to frith cross. these in their pregnant causes mixed Confusedly. Down had been had not. and looked awhile. by ill chance The strong rebuff of some tumultuous cloud. Next him. and these elements last his sail-broad in the In mutiny had from her axle torn The steadfast earth. hurried him falling. That fury stayed. but. and which thus must ever fight. Instinct with fire and nitre. Half flying. sea. or less than if this frame Of heaven were falling. of Nature. and perhaps her grave. that seat soon failing. thence many a league.PARADISE LOST. plumb down he drops Ten thousand fathom deep. Pondering He had to his voyage . half on foot. . all. in a A All unawares. By which he reigns. Behoves him now both oar and sail. high arbiter. Nor was his ear less pealed With noises loud and ruinous compare Great things with small than when Bellona storms With all her battering engines bent to raze Some capital city. ascending. rides Audacious. Nor good dry land nigh foundered.

or With head. spy. to disturb by constraint Wandering this darksome desert. as my way Lies through your spacious empire up to light. The consort of his reign . or feet. With purpose to explore or The secrets of your realm. At length a universal hubbub wild. rare. pursues his way. to meet there whatever power of the nethermost abyss Might in that noise reside. assaults his ear With loudest vehemence. or steep. or sinks. with him enthroned Sat sable-vested Night.] PARADISE LOST. Pursues the Arimaspian. eldest of things. To whom Satan turning boldly. o'er hill or moory dale. Undaunted. and by them stood Orcus and Hades. And Discord. I seek What readiest path leads where your gloomy bounds . and his dark pavilion spread Wide on the wasteful deep. As when a gryphon. Borne through the hollow dark. or creeps. Thither he plies. of whom to ask Which way the nearest coast of darkness lies spirit Or Bordering on light. hands. : Chaos and ancient Night. and Confusion. who by stealth 53 Had from The wakeful custody purloined guarded gold so eagerly the fiend his : O'er bog. dense.BOOK II. thus Ye powers And spirits of this nethermost abyss. or flies. half lost. And swims. when straight behold the throne Of Chaos. through strait. through the wilderness With winged course. and voices all confused. . And Tumult. and the dreaded name Of Demogorgon Rumour next. Of stunning sounds. Alone. and Chance. or wades. and without guide. 943-976. rough. I come no but. all embroiled. with a thousand various mouths. wings.

stranger. From your dominion won. : That mighty leading Angel. and speed . direct if I my it course. mine the revenge. So much go. sceptre of old Night. though overthrown. fell. Now stretching far and wide beneath lately heaven and earth another world. That little which is Encroached on still through your intestine broils First Hell. rout. Confine with heaven . thither to travel this profound. Hung o'er my realm. If linked in a golden chain. All usurpation thence expelled. my all left frontiers here I can will serve so to defend. Pursuing. Thus Satan and him thus the Anarch old. brings Directed. rout on . With upon ruin. Confusion worse confounded and heaven-gates Poured out by millions her victorious bands. I upon Keep residence if . . With faltering speech and visage incomposed.54 PARADISE LOST. He ceased. you have not far. Yours be the advantage all. for such a numerous host Fled not in silence through the frighted deep. and Satan stayed not to reply. Possesses I the ethereal King arrive lately. reduce her original darkness. no mean recompense To To your behoof. [Boon lL-977-ioi* or. and and ruin. and your sway "Which is my present journey and once more Erect the standard there of ancient Night. Weakening the Your dungeon. who of late Made head 'gainst heaven's King. if some other place. who thou art. are my gain. To that side heaven. Havoc. Answered: I know thee. the nearer danger spoil. from whence your legions that way be your walk. I saw and heard ruin . . that region lost. .

: reaching the utmost orb Of this frail world by which the spirits perverse With easy intercourse pass to and fro To tempt or punish mortals. abyss. Paved after him a broad and beaten way Following his track. Into the wild expanse. and with less hostile din. . with difficulty and labour -he . like a pyramid of fire. Here Nature first begins Her farthest verge. glad that should find a shore. whose boiling gulf Tamely endured a bridge of wondrous length. through the shock Of fighting elements. . With fresh alacrity and force renewed.BOOK II. except whom God and good Angels guard by special grace. and. So he with difficulty and labour hard Moved on. when man Sin and Death amain Strange alteration ! fell such was the will of Heaven. now his sea But. 1011-1044. But now at last the sacred influence Of light appears. like a weather-beaten vessel. and by the other whirlpool steered. and Chaos to retire. But he once passed. on all sides round Environed. though shrouds and tackle torn. Shoots far into the That Satan with less toil. Or when Ulysses on the larboard shunned Charybdis. and now with ease Wafts on the calmer wave by dubious light. As from her outmost works. wins his way harder beset And more endangered. With tumult less. soon after. Over the dark From hell continued. and from the walls of heaven bosom of dim Night A glimmering dawn. betwixt the justling rocks . holds Gladly the port. Springs upward. than when Argo passed Through Bosphorus. . And. a broken foe.] PARADISE LOST.

full fraught with mischievous revenge. close by the moon. in bigness as a star Of smallest magnitude.56 PARADISE LOST. With opal towers and battlements adorned Of living sapphire. at leisure to behold off the circuit. And a golden chain. Weighs his spread wings. fast by. empyreal heaven.- emptier waste. once his native seat. Accursed. . This pendent world. and in a cursed hour. hanging in Thither. he hies. Or Far In in the [BOOK H. resembling air. extended wide undetermined square or round.

or Book II. . pursues his way. or creeps. or wades. flics 1 I And swims. lines 949. or feet. 950. wings. hands.With head. or sinks. .

Heaven rung and loud hosannas filled The eternal regions.12 With jubilee. lines 347-349 .. Book ///.

idiots.. 474. Book HI. and friars. and too long. lina 473.And many more Embryos. . eremites.

.'4 Towards the coast of Earth beneath. . Book ///. many an aery wheel. Throws his steep flight in sped with hoped success. Kitei 739-741. Down from the ecliptic.

but by him seduced. clears His having created man free. who sat at His own justice and wisdom from all imputation. 8 57 . with all his progeny. Escaped the Stygian though long detained In that obscure sojourn. unless some one can be found sufficient to answer for the manifestation . sees Satan . pool. Man hath offended the majesty of God by aspiring to Godhead. With other notes than to the Orphean lyre. what persons and things fly and the waters above the firmament that flow about : harps in full quire. . and. revisit now with bolder wing. outermost orb where wandering. and at the voice Of God. pure ethereal stream. inquires of him the place of his habita- Or HAIL. there. Won Thee from the void and formless I infinite. didst invest The rising world of waters dark and deep. as with a mantle. ordains His incarnation. must die. the regent of that orb. therefore. devoted to death. since up thither thence comes to the gate of heaven. holy Light! offspring of Heaven first-born! of the Eternal co-eternal beam. zealous desire to behold the tion. The Son of God freely offers all Himself a ransom in for . alights first and man. I May express thee unblamed in ? since God is light. he first finds a place. And never but unapproached light Dwelt from eternity. and is directed . newly created: shows him to the Son. and by hymning : to their while. towards man for his offence.BOOK r. and undergo his punishment. yet declares His purpose of grace towards him. described . new creation. called the They obey. and able enough to have withstood his tempter. as did Satan. dwelt then in thee. Before the heavens thou wert. pronounces His exaltation above names angels to adore Him. sitting III. I sung of Chaos and eternal Night. Mean- finds there Uriel. ! ^ Whose fountain who shall tell ? Before the sun. then right hand foretells the success of Satan in perverting mankind . The Son of God renders praise to His Father of His gracious purpose towards man but God again declares that grace cannot be extended without the satisfaction of Divine justice. : heaven and earth commands all the celebrate the Father and the Son. while in my flight Through utter and through middle darkness borne.oi). flying towards this world. Satan alights upon the bare convex of this world's Limbo of Vanity ascending by stairs. on His throne. man : the Father accepts Him. pretending a . but first it his passage thence to the orb of the sun he changes himself into the shape of a meaner angel and. Bright effluence of bright essence increate Or heapst thou rather. whom God had placed on Mount Niphates. in regard he fell not of his own malice.

or sunny hill. [BOOK 11119-52. celestial light. I And Then Tiresias. So thick a drop serene hath quenched their Or dim suffusion veiled. Tunes her nocturnal note. and for the book of knowledge fair Presented with a universal blank Of Nature's works. and the flowery brooks beneath. and warbling flow. And To thy sovereign vital lamp but thou Revisit'st not these eyes. prophets old: feed on thoughts. or the sweet approach of even or morn. find thy piercing ray. Or sight of vernal bloom.58 PARADISE LOST. Sion. orbs. Yet not the more Cease I to wander where the Muses haunt. that roll in vain feel . Thus with the year . That wash thy hallowed feet. But cloud and ever-during dark Surrounds me. to me expunged and rased. Seasons return. So much the rather thou. So were equalled with them in renown. from the cheerful ways of men Cut off. and blind Maeonides. Or flocks. or instead. that voluntary move Harmonious numbers as the wakeful bird . or shady grove. but chief Thee. Sings darkling. And wisdom at one entrance quite shut out. or summer's rose. and the mind through all her powers . and find no dawn . and in shadiest covert hid. Smit with the love of sacred song. or herds. Shine inward. Clear spring. and up to reascend. human face divine. and Phineus. Blind Thamyris. but not to me returns Day. Taught by the heavenly muse to venture down The dark descent. thee I revisit safe. Though hard and rare . nor sometimes forget Those other two equalled with me in Nightly I visit: fate.

future. in ocean or in air. that seemed Firm land unbosomed. On . no bars of Hell. on his right The radiant image of his glory sat. and from his sight received Beatitude past utterance. He then surveyed Hell and the gulf between. there plant eyes. all mist from thence 59 Purge and disperse. he beholds. Him God beholding from his prospect high. And now. Irradiate. yet the only in the two Reaping immortal fruits happy garden placed. 1 Uninterrupted joy. that I may see and tell Of things invisible to mortal sight. unrivalled love. His own works. In blissful solitude. desperate revenge. Now had the Almighty Father from above. the bare outside of this world. and willing feet. His only Son. Uncertain which. nor all the chains Heaped on him Wide nor yet the main abyss seems interrupt.] PARADISE LOST. Wherein past. Thus to his only Son foreseeing spake! Only-begotten Son. so bent he there. that shall redound Upon his own rebellious head. seest thou what rage Transports our adversary ? whom no bounds Prescribed.BOOK III. parents. present. bent down his eye. and Satan there Coasting the wall of heaven on In the this side Night dun air sublime. of joy and love.above all height. without firmament. can hold. On earth he first beheld Our two first Of mankind. and their works at once to view: About him all the sanctities of heaven Stood thick as stars.-53-86. and ready now To On stoop with wearied wings. From the pure Empyrean where he sits High throned.

as to right belonged. Such I created the ethereal powers And spirits. nor can justly accuse Their maker. false guile pervert. Not me? They therefore. though all free to fall. of freedom both despoiled. Their disposed by absolute decree Or high foreknowledge. . way Directly towards the new-created world. his IIJOOK m. All he could have. in the precincts of light. will hearken to his glozing And easily transgress the sole Sole pledge of his obedience. So without least impulse or shadow of fate. Where only what they needs must do appeared. Not what they would ? What praise could they receive ? What pleasure will When from such obedience paid ? and reason reason also is choiceI Useless and vain. will. or their As if predestination overruled fate. or their making. So will fall He and Whose his faithless progeny. Freely they stood who stood. he wings Not far off heaven. not I. and who fell. Sufficient to made him and have stood. They themselves decreed Their own revolt. both them who stood. or. So were created. command. Through all restraint broke loose. worse. Which had no less proved certain unforeknown. constant faith.-8--[2o. Foreknowledge had no influence on their fault. ? I Whose just fault? but his own Ingrate. had served necessity. lies.60 PARADISE LOST. he had of me right. Made passive both. Not free. By some For man and shall pervert. with purpose to essay If him by force he can destroy. And man there placed. and them who fell failed . or love. what proof could they have given sincere Of true allegiance. If I foreknew.

and spake. Man falls. should Man. they themselves ordained their their fall. Father. Which uttering. be from who art judge . For which both heaven and earth shall high extol Thy praises. Divine compassion visibly appeared. thy youngest son. and without measure grace.-I2I-I54. which ordained Their freedom . thus he to his Father spake : O Thy Father. with the innumerable sound Of hymns and sacred songs.] PARADISE LOST. authors to themselves : in all . by fraud. But mercy and last shall brightest shine. Love without end. ambrosial fragrance filled in the blessed spirits elect ineffable diffused. Till they enthrall themselves . and what they choose for so I formed them free and free they must remain. For should Man finally be lost. and revoke the high decree Unchangeable. gracious was that word which closed sovereign sentence. 61 Or aught by me immutably foreseen. Through In mercy and justice both. I else must change Their nature. that man should find grace. The first sort by own : suggestion fell. deceived Self-tempted. They trespass. self-depraved By the other first: Man therefore shall find grace. Sense of new joy Beyond compare the Son of God was seen Most glorious in him all his Father shone Substantially expressed and in his face : . Thus while God All heaven.BOOK III. Fall circumvented thus his far own folly? thee. The other none. though joined That be from thee far. Both what they judge. so shall my glory excel first . heaven and earth. eternal. wherewith thy throne Encompassed shall resound thee ever blessed. Thy With That creature late so loved.

Once more will His lapsed powers. Son Man shall not quite be lost. though forfeit. : rest shall hear state. . that he may know how frail His fallen condition is. but saved who renew will . things made. though to his heavier doom. me call. and enthralled shall stand By sin to foul exorbitant desires Upheld by me. my bosom. Of Or all (. and effectual might. For him. of in whom my soul hath chief delight. All hast thou spoken as my thoughts are. what for thy glory thou hast made? So should thy goodness and thy greatness both Be questioned and blasphemed without defence. . By him corrupted ? Or wilt thou thyself Abolish thy creation. but grace in I me Freely vouchsafed. and to none but me. shall the Adversary thus obtain His end. for I Deity. Elect above the rest so is my will I . Son who art alone My word. my wisdom. Some The have chosen of peculiar grace.PARADISE LOST. ni. and judgest only right. and to me owe All his deliverance. and oft be warned Their sinful and to appease betimes The incensed Invites.-i>s-8S. Yet not of will in him. all As my eternal purpose hath decreed. Or proud return. and thy goodness bring to nought. and frustrate thine ? Shall he fulfil His malice. and unmake. and to Hell Draw after him the whole race of mankind. To whom the great Creator thus replied : O Son. while offered grace will clear their senses dark. Yet with revenge accomplished. yet once more he On even ground against his mortal foe. By me upheld.

they shall attain. rigid satisfaction. so losing all. My And This umpire. and just the unjust Dwells in all Heaven charity so dear? to save? He And asked. and bring obedience due. and Against the high supremacy of Heaven. And now without redemption all mankind . 6 What may suffice. repentance. shut. And will mine eye not place within them as a guide . and. death for Say. Light after to the used.1 PARADISE LOST. Conscience light. repent. But yet all is not done . and. To prayer. Much less than durst upon his own head draw The deadly forfeiture. and soften stony hearts To pray. Die he or Justice must. and my day of grace. That they may stumble on. end persisting. where shall we find such love? Which of ye will be mortal. Affecting Godhead. my long sufferance.BOOK 1 1 1. man disobeying. . heavenly Powers. unless for him Some other able. . well whom if they will hear. safe arrive. breaks his fealty. I sincere intent. to redeem Man's mortal crime. and obedience due. with his whole posterity. But to destruction sacred and devote. To expiate his treason hath nought left. silence was in Heaven. -189-222. and ransom set. sins Disloyal. deeper fall And none but such from mercy I exclude. blind be blinded more. On man's behalf Patron or intercessor none appeared. He. Though but endeavoured with Mine ear shall not be slow. and as willing. pay The death. shall never taste But hard be hardened. must die. They who neglect and scorn. but all the heavenly quire stood mute.

this glory for next to Thee Well pleased Under his gloomy power Lie vanquished. for life . thy creatures. Though now All that of to Death can die. spoiled of his vaunted spoil.-22 3-2s6. him lastly die on me let Death wreak and I all his rage . had not the Son of God. man shall find grace. through the ample air. and am his due. The powers of darkness bound. in triumph high Shall lead Hell captive. Death his death's wound shall then receive. life fall . My vanquisher. and subdue . in the loathsome grave. and Freely put off. thy word is passed. I offer on me let thine anger . Indebted and undone. I yield. lost. and lost. and show I. And The shall grace not find means.64 PARADISE LOST. that debt paid. shall not long to possess hast given Life in myself for ever. Must have been In [BOOK III. speediest of thy Atonement for himself. . so coming he her aid Can never seek. then me for him. and to all Comes unprevented. unimplored. hath none to bring. and stoop Inglorious. or offering meet. nor suffer my unspotted soul For ever with corruption there to dwell But I shall rise victorious. whom the fulness dwells of love divine. To winged messengers. of his mortal sting disarmed. Thou. unsought? Happy for Man. Behold me. adjudged to Death and Hell By doom severe. Account me Man : I for his sake will leave Thy bosom. me Thou wilt not leave me Yet. once dead in sins. visit all . maugre Hell. by thee I Thou me live. at the sight . that finds her way. His prey. His dearest mediation thus renewed: Father.

though Adam's son. so in thee. Then. . shall be restored As many as are restored. long absent. when time shall be. Made flesh. . Father. as a sacrifice to Glad be offered. Heaven shalt look 65 Pleased. but peace assured And reconcilement. above which only shone Filial obedience. and whither tend Wondering but soon the Almighty thus replied . . therefore. Admiration seized All heaven. His words here ended. Death last. wrath shall be no more Thenceforth. By Their nature also to thy nature join And be thyself Man among men on earth. wherein no cloud Of anger shall remain. to see thy face. with the multitude of my redeemed. and breathed immortal love To mortal men. : O Thou Found out in for heaven and earth the only peace mankind under wrath O Thou. without thee none.BOOK III. by thee raised. As from a second root. what this might mean. While. and return. Shall enter heaven. nor man the least. and with his carcass glut the grave.-257-290. yet spake. Thy merit. of virgin seed. ! ! My To soul complacence well thou knowest how dear me are all my works. I ruin all my foes. Thou. to save. whom thou 'only canst redeem. As in him perish all men. losing thee awhile. the whole race lost. He attends the will Of his great Father. His crime makes guilty all his sons. Though last created that for him I spare Thee from my bosom and right hand.] PARADISE LOST. By wondrous birth be thou in Adam's room The head of all mankind. . out of down. and smile. but in thy presence joy entire. but His meek aspect Silent.

Son of God. though throned in highest Equal to God. Imputed. Found worthiest to be so. here shalt reign . quitted all. Shall satisfy for man. assume bliss Man's nature. raise His brethren. and assume Thy merits. to loss. all power I give thee.-2 And live in thee transplanted. o/ under earth in hell. because in thee Love hath abounded more than glory abounds. Thrones. when they may. And dying rise. and equally enjoying Godlike fruition. Princedoms. as head supreme. and rising with him. and die. Son both of God and man Anointed universal king. So easily destroyed. Powers. lessen or degrade thine own. shall absolve them who renounce Their own both righteous and unrighteous deeds. save A world from utter and hast been found By merit more than birthright. Far more than great or high. be judged.66 PARADISE LOST. and from thee send . and still destroys accept not grace. life. Both God and man. Shalt in the sky appear. under thee. and from thee is Receive new So Man. reign for ever. and dying to redeem. by being good. as most just. shalt thou sit indarnate. I reduce: All knees to thee shall bow. Because thou hast. Therefore thy humiliation shall exalt With Here thee thy manhood also to this throne. ransomed with his own dear So heavenly love shall outdo hellish hate. [BOOK \\\. to In those who. attended gloriously from heaven. So dearly to redeem. Giving to death. what hellish hate life. of them that bide In heaven. or earth. by descending Nor shalt thou. When thou. Dominions.

sweet As from blessed voices. and honour Him as Me. and to the ground. and forthwith the cited dead Of all past ages. uttering joy. thou shalt judge and Angels. dies. Thenceforth shall be for ever shut. all Bad men thy saints assembled. and loud hosannas filled The eternal regions. Began to bloom. after all their tribulations long. Meanwhile The world shall burn. there And flowers aloft. But. a flower which once In Paradise. Heaven . but soon for man's offence To heaven removed. Then. shading the fount of life. and fair truth. and from her ashes spring wherein the just shall dwell. New heaven and And. heaven rung With jubilee. For regal sceptre then no more shall need.] PARADISE LOST. down they cast Their crowns. Adore the Son. Then thou thy regal sceptre shalt lay by. inwove with amarant and gold . earth. shall sink Beneath thy sentence. Lowly reverent Towards either throne they bow. See golden days. shall God be all in all. With joy and love triumphing. Adore Him. fruitful of golden deeds.BOOK m. to the general doom . 325-358. With solemn adoration. but The multitude of angels. where firs? it grew. Hell. with a shout. Shall hasten. sooner had the Almighty ceased. No all Loud as from numbers without number. They arraigned. fast by the tree of life. But where the River of Bliss through midst of grows. who to compass all this. Immortal amarant. all ye gods. 67 The summoning Archangels to proclaim Thy dread tribunal forthwith from all winds The living. her numbers full. such a peal shall rouse their sleep.

and waken raptures high: No voice exempt. Thee. Rolls o'er Elysian flowers her amber stream. the Almighty Father shines. smiled. where thou sittest Throned inaccessible. : Whom He else no creature can behold on thee Impressed the effulgence of his glory abides. thyself invisible Amidst the glorious brightness. thee. and with preamble sweet Of charming symphony they introduce Their sacred song. Author of all being. Divine Similitude. Harps ever tuned. that brightest seraphim but with both wings veil their eyes. Omnipotent. that like a sea of jasper shone. Impurpled with celestial roses. such concord first is in heaven. no voice but well could join Melodious part. but when thou shadest The full blaze of thy beams. and . heaven of heavens. crowned again. [BOOK m. Thee. the spirits elect Bind their resplendent locks. Immortal. Approach not. Fountain of light. in loose Then. next they sang. Dark with excessive bright thy skirts appear. their golden harps they took. that glittering by their side Like quivers hung. of all creation Begotten Son. without cloud Made visible. through a cloud Drawn round about thee. Father. Infinite. that Now garlands thick thrown off.- With never fade. Immutable. Eternal King. In whose conspicuous countenance. Yet dazzle heaven. first. By thee created and by The aspiring dominations thee threw : down thou that day . Transfused on thee his ample Spirit rests. they sung. these.68 PARADISE LOST. like a radiant shrine. inwreathed with beams. the bright Pavement. and. all the powers therein.

and end the bliss strife Of mercy and justice in thy face discerned. Back from pursuit thy powers with loud acclaim extolled. while o'er the necks Thou drovest of warring angels disarrayed. Satan alighted walks. nor from thy Father's praise disjoin. thou didst not So strictly. and the orbs. and wild. exposed. Saviour of men ! Thy name song Shall be the copious matter of my Henceforth. He. Son of God. unexampled love Love nowhere to be found less than Divine ! ! Hail. waste. enclosed inroad of Darkness old. . under the frown of Night Starless. whose first convex divides The luminous inferior From Chaos. To execute fierce vengeance on his foes. but much more to pity incline. and never shall my heart thy praise Forget. Regardless of the wherein he sat Second to thee. Thus they in heaven. No sooner did thy dear and only Son doom Perceive thee purposed not to doom frail man So strictly. inclement sky. but much more to pity inclined. stop thy flaming chariot-wheels.] PARADISE LOST. through their malice : fallen. Dark. Not so on Man him. to appease thy wrath. Father of mercy and grace.BOOK III. Oh. A globe far off It seemed. I 69 Thy Nor Father's dreadful thunder didst not spare. that shook Heaven's everlasting frame.-393-426. offered Himself to die For man's offence. now seems a boundless continent. Meanwhile upon the firm opacous globe Of this round World. Their happy hours in joy and hymning spent. above the starry sphere. Thee only Son of thy Father's might. and ever-threatening storms Of Chaos blustering round.

bent Walked up and down Alone. but store hereafter from the earth vapours. Those argent fields more likely some have dreamed. [BOOK III. field.70 PARADISE LOST. Indian streams hills On where flocks are fed. monstrous. some small reflection gains Of glimmering air less vexed with tempest loud. Or happiness in this or the other life. when sin With vanity had filled the works of men Both all things vain. flies . the fruits Of painful superstition and blind their zeal. on Imaiis bred. Built their fond hopes of glory or lasting fame. Here walked the Fiend at large in spacious As when a vulture.46a Though distant far. All the unaccomplished works of Nature's hand. where Chineses drive With sails and wind their cany wagons So. toward the springs Of Ganges or Hydaspes. Nought seeking but the Fit retribution. flew Up hither. and as in vain.-427. Dislodging from a region scarce of prey. . and all who in vain things . Living or to be found was none None yet. on this light: windy sea of land. empty as praise of men. the Fiend alone. from the wall of heaven. here find deeds . To gorge the flesh of lambs or yearling kids. All who have their rewards on earth. habitants. Whose snowy ridge the roving Tartar bounds. . in this place. or unkindly mixed. Not in the neighbouring moon. wander here. Till final dissolution. Save on that side which. Dissolved on earth. for other creature lifeless. like aerial Of all things transitory and vain. But in his way lights on the barren plains Of Sericana. Abortive. on his prey. flee thither.

leaped fondly into yEtna flames. Here pilgrims roam. And now Saint Peter at Heaven's wicket seems To wait them with his keys. then relics.] PARADISE LOST. that strayed so far to seek Cleombrotus . Hither of ill-joined sons and daughters born First from the ancient world those giants came. and pass the fixed. And they. hold. Others came single he. Dying put on the weeds of Dominic. and gray. hoods. black. that crystalline sphere whose balance weighs trepidation talked. and friars White. And The fluttered into rags. with their wearers. and now at foot Of Heaven's A ascent they lift their feet. who. and many more too long. to enjoy Plato's Elysium. upwhirled aloft. The builders next of Babel on the plain Of Sennaar. though then renowned. dispenses. pardons. and idiots. Indulgences. In Golgotha Him to dead who lives in Heaven. Betwixt the angelical and human-kind. and he who. and habits. sport of winds Fly o'er the backside of the world far off. ten thousand leagues ! Blows them awry then might ye see Cowls. : . Or in Franciscan think to pass disguised . 71 Translated or middle spirits. when. lo violent cross-wind from either coast transverse. With many a vain exploit. and that first moved . leaped into the sea. had they wherewithal. Empedocles. bulls all these. and still with vain design New Babels. Embryos. tossed Into the devious air. beads. eremites. be sure of Paradise. They And The * pass the planets seven. with all their trumpery. .BOOK III. 461-494. who to would build be deemed : A god. saints.

model. A passage down to the earth. Into a [BOOK III. The stairs were then let down. a passage wide. His sad exclusion from the doors of bliss : Direct against which opened from beneath.-495-5*- Limbo after. when he from Esau fled To Padan-Aram. And waking cried. inimitable on earth By . but far more rich." Each stair mysteriously was meant. Wafted by Angels. And long he wandered. till at last a gleam Of dawning light turned thitherward in haste His travelled steps. but drawn up to Heaven sometimes Viewless and underneath a bright sea flowed Of jasper. appeared The work as of a kingly palace-gate. . in the field of Luz.72 PARADISE LOST. or flew o'er the lake Wrapped in a chariot drawn by fiery steeds. large and broad. Long now unpeopled. to the wall of heaven. Just o'er the blissful seat of Paradise. "This is the gate of Heaven. or of liquid pearl. whereon Who after came from earth. bands Of guardians bright. With frontispiece of diamond and gold Embellished. nor stood There always. or by shading pencil drawn. and All this dark globe the Fiend found as he passed. The stairs were such as whereon Jacob saw Angels ascending and descending. to few unknown uritrod. whether to dare The Fiend by easy ascent. Dreaming by night under the open sky. since called The Paradise of Fools. or aggravate . a structure high. Ascending by degrees magnificent Up At top whereof. thick with sparkling orient gems The portal shone. sailing arrived. Far distant he descries.

or some renowned metropolis. Looks down with wonder at the sudden view Of all this world at once. where he stood So high above the circling canopy Of night's extended shade from eastern point Of Libra to the fleecy star that bears Andromeda far off Atlantic seas. Which to his eye discovers unaware The goodly prospect of some foreign land First seen. Round he surveys and well might. at last by break of cheerful dawn Obtains the brow of some high-climbing hill. where the Holy Land Borders on Egypt and the Arabian shore. As when a scout. . seized. To Beersaba. high behests his angels to and fro Pass frequent.BOOK in. that of after-times 73 Wider by far than Over Mount Sion. the Promised Land. peril Through dark and desert ways with gone All night. Over and. 529-562. Beyond then from pole to pole He views in breadth. Which now the rising sun gilds with his beams. Such wonder though after heaven seen. 'such as bound the ocean wave. to God so dear. The spirit malign. though that were large. So wide the opening seemed. With glistening spires and pinnacles adorned. but much more envy seized. At sight of all this world beheld so fair. Satan from hence. By On which. now on That scaled by steps of gold to Heaven-gate. the fount of Jordan's flood.] PARADISE LOST. and his eye with choice regard From Paneas. the lower stair. where bounds were set To darkness. and without longer pause Down right into the world's first region throws the horizon . to visit oft those happy tribes.

months.PARADISE LOST. So wondrously was set his station bright. a spot Astronomer in the sun's lucent orb which perhaps Through his glazed optic tube yet never saw. and flowery . but all alike informed radiant light. though unseen. [BOOK III. as they move Their starry dance in numbers that compute Days. or are turned By his magnetic beam. but up or down. or happy isles. Thrice-happy isles He stayed not to who dwelt happy there Above them all inquire. If metal. as glowing iron with fire. Dispenses light from far: they. towards his all-cheering lamp Turn swift their various motions. Like those Hesperian gardens famed of old. Fortunate fields. The beyond expression bright. With seemed gold.-s6 3 -596. place he found . vales. . that shone Stars distant. His flight precipitant. tell. Aloof the vulgar constellations thick. part If stone. hard to where the great luminary longitude. By Or centre or eccentric. Or other worlds they seemed. and winds with ease Through the pure marble air his oblique way Amongst innumerable stars. like There lands the Fiend. Shoots invisible virtue even to the deep . in splendour likest heaven. carbuncle most or part silver clear: chrysolite. but nigh hand seemed other worlds. . That from his lordly eye keep distance due. and groves. but The golden Through sun. and years. and to each inward part With gentle penetration. Allured his eye thither his course he bends the calm firmament. Compared with aught on earth/ metal or stone Not all parts like. that gently warms The universe.

sharpened his visual ray . His back was turned. Lay waving round. But all sunshine. air. On some great charge employed in He seemed. John saw also in the sun. fledge with wings. 75 or topaz. Glad was the spirit impure. What wonder and regions here Breathe forth elixir pure. or the twelve that shone In Aaron's breastplate. Drained through a limbec to his native form. and a stone besides Ruby Imagined rather oft than elsewhere seen. his brightness hid. In vain. which here below Philosophers in vain so long have sought. or like to that. or fixed in cogitation deep. nor less his locks behind on his shoulders. with terrestrial dark so humour mixed.] PARADISE LOST. so far from us remote. when with one virtuous touch then if fields The arch-chymic Here in the sun. and rivers run Potable gold. Far and wide his eye commands. Volatile Hermes. and call up unbound In various shapes old Proteus from the sea. though by their powerful art they bind .-597-63o. For sight no obstacle found here. whence no way round Shadow from body opaque can fall and the Nowhere so clear. whereby he soon glorious angel stand. many precious things Of colour glorious. That stone. Produces. but not Of beaming sunny Illustrious rays a golden tiar Circled his head. as when his beams at noon Culminate from the equator. and effect so rare ? Here matter new to gaze the Devil met Undazzled. as they now Shot upward still direct. nor shade.BOOK III. as now hope . To objects distant Saw within ken a The same whom far.

O'er sea and land : Earth him Satan thus accosts seven : Uriel. flight And now a stripling cherub he appears. Paradise. delight and favour. His habit Before his fit speed succinct. so well he feigned. for He drew not nigh unheard Ere he drew the angel bright. Admonished by his ear. sprinkled Math gold . the seat of wandering Man. And here art likeliest by supreme decree Like honour to obtain. his radiant visage turned. . and our beginning woe. Where all his sons thy embassy attend. for thou of those spirits that stand In sight of God's high throne. and held decent steps a silver wand. . and The Archangel Uriel.76 PARADISE LOST. yet such as in his face celestial. Unspeakable All these his desire to see. and know His chief wondrous works. To To find I BOOK lll.-6 3 i-664. gloriously bright. Of many a coloured plume. But first he casts to change his proper shape. Youth smiled and to every limb Suitable grace diffused. but chiefly Man. and are his eyes That run through all the Heavens. The first art wont his great authentic will Interpreter through highest heaven to bring. and as his eye To visit oft this new creation round . Under a coronet his flowing hair In curls on either cheek played wings he wore. nearest to his throne. Not of the prime. him for whom . one of straight was known the seven Who in God's presence. nigh. to the Stand ready at command. or down Bear his swift errands over moist and dry. Which else might work him danger or delay. who might direct his happy His journey's end.

] PARADISE LOST. and held . which tends to know The works of God. Or open admiration. wondrous he ordained. leads glorify to no excess That reaches blame. him behold. the only evil that walks Invisible. and to simplicity Resigns her charge. while goodness thinks no ill Where no ill seems which now for once beguiled : Uriel. except to God alone. that led thee hither . 77 All these his works so Hath brought me from the quires of cherubim Alone thus wandering. suspicion sleeps At wisdom's gate. to repair that Created this new happy race of men To For serve him better: wise are all his ways. Who To justly hath driven out his rebel foes loss. So spake the false dissembler unperceived. though regent of the sun. The universal Maker we may praise. thereby to The great Work-Master. The Who sharpest-sighted spirit of all in Heaven to the fraudulent impostor foul. oft. answer thus returned: Fair angel.-66 5 -698. In his uprightness. but rather merits praise The more it seems excess. may find him.BOOK III. By his permissive will. deepest Hell. tell In which of these shining orbs hath His fixed seat. thy desire. That both in him and all things. and with secret gaze. earth. and. through heaven and And though wisdom wake. as is meet. neither man nor angel can discern Hypocrisy. Brightest seraph. or fixed seat hath none. the great Creator hath bestowed On whom Worlds. and on whom hath all these graces poured. all all I Man But That these shining orbs his choice to dwell.

hear only in [BOOK IlI. still renewing. flood. or the wisdom infinite in Had That brought them forth. and turned to stars this ethereal Numberless. From thy empyreal mansion thus alone. whose hither With light from hence. and how they move. but hid their causes deep I saw. elements. spirited with various forms. . Contented with report. came to a heap: Confusion heard His voice and wild uproar ? Stood ruled. as thou seest. Light shone. and worthiest to be all remembrance always with delight: But what created mind can comprehend Their number. Till at his second bidding darkness fled. That rolled orbicular. as the other hemisphere. through mid heaven.-699 -732. earth. Pleasant to know. though but reflected.78 PARADISE LOST. stood vast infinitude confined . That place is Earth. With borrowed light her countenance triform Hence fills And in and empties to enlighten the earth. which else. This world's material mould. Night would invade. Look downward on that globe. the seat of Man that light His day. Each had his place appointed. To witness with thine eyes what some perhaps. . The rest in circuit walls this universe. Swift to their several quarters hasted then The cumbrous air. each his course . fire. when at His word the formless mass. and order from disorder sprung. and her monthly round Still ending. her pale dominion checks the night. side shines. heaven : For wonderful indeed are all His works. And quintessence of heaven Flew upward. but there the neighbouring moon So call that opposite fair star her aid Timely interposes.

on Niphates' top he . As to superior spirits is wont in heaven. and towards the coast of Earth beneath. Where honour due and reverence none neglects. Throws his Nor stayed.BOOK III. Thus said. bowing low. Down from the ecliptic. Took leave. he turned. Thy way thou canst not miss. steep flight till sped with hoped success. those lofty shades.J PARADISE LOST. lights. Adam's abode. in many an aery wheel. to 79 That spot which I point is Paradise. his bower. and Satan.-733-742. me mine requires.

prospect of Eden. warns Gabriel. some harm to Adam flies or Eve . to look about him. but. but with resolution to work their fall . that some evil spirit had escaped the deep. came down. Uriel. put to second rout. though bold and fearless. drawing forth his bands of night-watch going to walk the rounds of Paradise. at noon by his sphere. there they find him at the ear of Eve. for that warning voice. fear. "Woe to the inhabitants on earth!" that now. and despair overat length confirms himself in evil. Adam and Eve discourse of bower described their evening worship. .The Then when While time was. envy.BOOK SATAN. thence gathers that the tree of knowledge was forbidden them to eat of. which. Yet not off rejoicing in his speed. who saw heaven aloud. lest the evil spirit should be there doing gestures in the mount. sits in the . Haply so 'scaped his mortal snare. Came furious down to be revenged on men. Night coming on. and many passions. nigh the birth Now rolling. and nigh the place where he must now attempt the bold enterprise which he undertook but alone against God and man. in the shape of a good angel. hindered though from heaven. in a . and 'scaped. unwilling. down to Paradise. The garden described sight of . who had in charge the gate of Paradise. nor with cause to boast. shape of a cormorant on the tree of Satan's first life. sleeping . state. to Gabriel by whom questioned. of their secret foe. discovered after by his furious to their rest Gabriel promises to find him ere morning. For now inflamed with rage. Begins his dire attempt. whose outward prospect and situation is described . The tempter ere the accuser of mankind. heard cry Apocalypse. descending transgress then leaves them awhile to know farther of their state by some other means. now in IV. boils in his tumultuous breast. which in he. our first parents had been warned The coming Satan. Adam and Eve his wonder at their excellent form and happy overhears their discourse. engine back recoils Horror and doubt distract . : and passed on a sunbeam. and bring him. . he scornfully answers prepares resistance by a sign out of Paradise. dream. Gabriel. under penalty of death and thereon intends to found his temptation. And Upon so like a devilish himself. as the highest in the garden. tempting her . and his flight to Hell. leaps the bounds . To wreak on innocent frail man his loss first now Of Far that first battle. OH. journeys on to Paradise. the Dragon. appoints two strong angels to Adam's bower. falls into many doubts with himself. : their . by seducing them to Meanwhile.

my remembrance from what state how in glorious once above thy sphere. and in a moment quit The debt immense of endless gratitude. What The could be less than to afford easiest recompense. And wrought but malice. in his Sometimes towards Eden. which now view Lay pleasant. and with his good Upbraided none. with surpassing glory crowned. . like the God O Of this new world at whose Hide their diminished heads. and thought one step higher all How due! Yet his Would set me highest. sun.-I9-52. of worse deeds worse sufferings must ensue.BOOK IV. that. step. wherefore ? He deserved no such return From me. and add thy name. But with no sun ! friendly voice. much revolving. Till pride and worse ambition threw me down. nor from hell no more than from himself. his grieved look he fixes sad. and round about him. By change Now conscience wakes despair That slumbered. His troubled thoughts. Sometimes towards heaven aad the full-blazing Which now sat high in his meridian tower . what is. can fly of place. and from the bottom stir 81 The hell within him. hate thy beams. and pay Him praise. and what must be Worse . Warring heaven against heaven's matchless King: Ah. thus in sighs began : thou. for within him hell He One brings. wakes the bitter memory Of what he was. Then. nor was his service hard. to tell thee to how I That bring 1 fell. Lifted up so high I 'sdained subjection. sight all the stars to thee I call. whom he created what I was In that bright eminence. Him thanks? good proved ill in me. .] PARADISE LOST. Look'st from thy sole dominion.

Which way I Hell To which the hell I suffer seems a heaven. Forgetful what from Him I still received. I had stood Then happy. at last relent. from within Or from without. Yet why not? some other Power As great might have aspired. Drawn to his part.S3-86. since against His thy Chose freely what it now so justly rues. Me miserable! which way . shall I fly Infinite wrath. then. will Nay. to all temptations armed. But other powers as great Fell not. and Among the spirits my beneath. Ah me they little know ! . paying. at once Indebted and discharged what burden then Oh. and fly is infinite despair? . had his powerful destiny ordained . but still pays. ? Me some inferior Angel. no place left ? Oh. still to owe. none pardon None left but by submission Disdain forbids me. Is there for . myself am Hell And. a lower deep Still threatening to devour me opens wide.nd that I seduced With other promises and other vaunts Than to submit. boasting I could subdue The Omnipotent. and me. So burdensome. Left for repentance. still [BOOK IV. Hadst thou the same free will and power to stand ? Thou hadst: whom hast thou then or what to accuse. cursed be thou. And understood not that a grateful mind By owing owes not. no unbounded hope had raised Ambition.. whom word dread of shame a. in the lowest deep. But Heaven's free love dealt equally to all? Be then his love accursed.82 PARADISELOST. though mean. but stand unshaken. since love or hate To me alike it deals eternal woe.

Under what torments inwardly I groan. Farewell remorse: Evil. and this new world shall know. and could obtain. hope excluded thus. and . This knows my Punisher. and betrayed : i any eye beheld For heavenly minds from such distempers foul Are ever clear. With diadem and sceptre high advanced. as violent and void : recant For never can true reconcilement grow deep: Where wounds of deadly hate have pierced so Which would but lead me to a worse relapse. outcast. exiled. counterfeit. instead From Of us. How dearly I 83 abide that boast so vain. ! What feigned submission swore Ease would Vows made in pain. and more than half perhaps will reign. peace: All.] PARADISE LOST. only supreme In misery : But say I such joy ambition finds. Him . By act Would of grace. good by thee at least Divided empire with heaven's king I hold. be thou my good to me is lost. face. my former state height recall high how soon thoughts. could repent. as I from begging. The lower still I fall. While they adore me on the throne of hell. ire. each passion dimmed his Thrice changed with pale. As man ere long. And heavier fall so should I purchase dear : Short intermission. for So farewell hope and with hope all : farewell fear . envy. therefore as far granting He. this world.BOOK IV. bought with double smart. Each perturbation smoothed with outward calm. Thus.-87-I20. and despair. while he spake. how soon unsay . Whereof he soon aware. Mankind. By thee. Which marred his if borrowed visage. behold. his new him delight. created.

of golden hue. And higher than that wall a circling row Of goodliest trees. Appeared. So on he fares. as the ranks ascend Shade above shade. Deep malice to conceal. a woody theatre Of stateliest view. The way he went. fruit. crowns with her enclosure green. couched with revenge. once warned . On which the sun more glad impressed his beams. Yet not enough had practised to deceive whose eye pursued him down Uriel. and branching palm. and on the Assyrian mount Saw him disfigured. That landscape and of pure now purer Meets his approach. A sylvan scene. and to the heart air inspires . where delicious Paradise. loaden with fairest fruits at once.-i2i-i 54 . .84 PARADISE LOST. Yet higher than their tops The verdurous wall of Paradise up-sprung. Access denied and overhead up grew loftiest fir. Artificer of fraud . and pine. grotesque . with gay enamelled colours mixed Blossoms and . hath showered the earth so lovely seemed : . then alone As he supposed. and wild. the champaign head nearer. and shade. As with a rural mound. unseen. Insuperable height of Cedar. and was the first That practised falsehood under saintly show. and. [BOOK IV. all unobserved. whose hairy sides thicket overgrown. or humid bow. more than could befall Spirit of He happy sort: his gestures fierce marked. in fair Than When God evening cloud. and to the border comes Of Eden. Now Of a With steep wilderness. Which to our general sire gave prospect large Into his nether empire neighbouring round. and mad demeanour.

Watching where shepherds pen their flocks at eve In hurdled cotes amid the field secure. off at sea north-east winds blow Sabean odours from the spicy shore Of Araby the Blest. from the spouse Of Tobit's son. So entertained those odorous sweets the Fiend. and many a league Cheered with the grateful smell. and whisper whence they stole Those balmy spoils. As when to them who sail Beyond the Cape of Hope. But further way found none.] PARADISE LOST. Leaps o'er the fence with ease into the fold : Or as a thief bent to unhoard the cash . there fast bound. Whom hunger drives to seek new haunt for prey. One gate there only was. contempt. with such delay Well pleased they slack their course.-I 55-188. in he disdained. so thick entwined. pensive and slow. the undergrowth Of shrubs and tangling bushes had perplexed All path of man or beast that passed that way.BOOK IY. and that looked east On the other Due entrance At one Of hill side. to the ascent of that steep savage hill Satan hath journeyed on. 85 Vernal delight and joy. slight bound high overleaped all bound or highest wall. and. old Ocean smiles. Now gentle gales. and now are past Mozambic. dispense Native perfumes. As one continued brake. which when the arch-felon saw. Fanning their odoriferous wings. Who though with them better pleased Than Asmodeus with the fishy fume their : came bane That drove him. As when a prowling wolf. and sheer within Lights on his feet. though enamoured. and with a vengeance sent From Media Now post to Egypt. able to drive All sadness but despair.

Eden stretched her line From Auran eastward to the royal towers Of great Seleucia.-189-222. had been the pledge lived . well used. So little knows Any. by him in the east Of Eden planted. taste. [BOOK ^. High eminent. window climbs. and on the tree of life. to value right good before him. or o'er the tiles: So clomb this first grand thief into God's fold. Of some In at the rich burgher. yet not true life Thereby regained. To all delight of human : sense exposed. but sat devising death To them who nor on the virtue thought Of that life-giving plant. Our death. nature's whole wealth. the Tree of Knowledge. smell. ill. blooming ambrosial fruit Of vegetable gold and next to life. heaven on earth for blissful Paradise Of God the garden was. Thence up he flew.86 PARADISE LOST. So since into his church lewd hirelings climb. or to their meanest use. Knowledge of good. but only used For prospect. A In narrow room. a cormorant. but God alone. substantial doors. Of Th. The middle Sat like tree and highest there that grew. fear Cross-barred and bolted no assault. grew .e immortality. And all amid them stood the tree of life. In this pleasant soil more pleasant garden^ God ordained. built by Grecian kings. fast by. bought dear by knowing . Beneath him with new wonder now he views. what. but perverts best things To worst abuse. Or where the sons of Eden long before Dwelt His in Telassar. whose fast. Out of the fertile ground he caused to grow far All trees of noblest kind for sight. yea more.

and met the nether flood. from that sapphire fount the crisped brooks. wandering many a famous realm And country. for God had thrown That mountain as his garden mould. Rolling on orient pearl and sands of gold. and flocks Grazing the tender herb. Both where the morning sun first warmly smote The open field. burnished with golden rind. high raised the rapid current. which through veins _Of porous earth with kindly thirst up-drawn.-22 3-2s6. here only. rose. but through the shaggy hill Passed underneath ingulfed. were interposed Or palmy hillock. if art could tell. divided into four main streams. Groves whose rich trees wept odorous gums_jiid__balmj Others whose fruit. If true. and dale. and without thorn the . How With mazy Ran neptar. and with many a rill Upon Watered Down the garden thence united fell the steep glade. or level downs. Hesperian fables true. whereof here needs no account. or the flowery Of some irriguous valley spread Flowers of all lap her store. And now. hue. . and fed art Flowers worthy of Paradise. and plain. Rose a fresh fountain. 87 Southward through Eden went a river large. and of delicious taste. Hung Betwixt them lawns. error under pendent shades visiting each plant.] PARADISE LOST. Runs diverse. Thus was this place A happy rural seat of various view. amiable. his But rather to tell how. Which from darksome passage now appears. which not nice In benlsr~anrd^curious knots~~but nature boon Poured forth profuse on hill.BOOK iv. and where the unpierced shade Imbrowned the noontide bowers. Nor changed his course.

o'er which the mantling vine forth her purple grape. attune in dance. which cost Ceres seek her through the world all that pain . delight. Two of far nobler shape. Not that fair field Of Enna. from his stepdame Rhea's eye: Nor where Abassin kings their issue guard. birds their quire apply field . though this by some supposed True Paradise. undelighted. but wide remote From this Assyrian garden. Hid Amalthea. might. Godlike erect. where Proserpine gathering flowers. Another side. to the fringed bank with myrtle crowned airs. Whom Young Gentiles Ammon where old Cham. A whole day's journey high. and Of Eden strive. or in a lake. Bacchus. vernal airs. under the Ethiop line By Nilus's head. living creatures. enclosed with shining rock. Mount Amara. Down That the slope dispersed. with native honour clad. while universal Pan. unite their streams. Herself a fairer flower. and her florid son. Meanwhile murmuring waters hills. Her The crystal mirror holds. call and Lybian Jove. In naked majesty seemed lords of all. by gloomy Dis Was To gathered. all kind I and strange. erect and tall. to sight Of new . Breathing the smell of and grove.with this Paradise nor that Nyseian isle Girt with the river Triton. the inspired Castalian spring. [BOOK IV. where the Fiend all Saw. 257-290. nor that sweet grove Of Daphne by Orontes. The trembling leaves. Lays Luxuriant.88 PARADISE LOST. Knit with the Graces and the Hours Led on the Eternal Spring. umbrageous grots and caves and gently creeps fall Of cool recess.

Me miserable ! Infinite wrath. which way shall I and infinite despair fly ? Book IV. . 74.. lines 73.

pensive and slow. book IV. . 173.. lines 172.i6 Now to the ascent of that steep savage hill Satan hath journey'd on.


happy rural

seat of various view.

Book IV.,

line 347.



The savoury pulp
Still as

they chew, and in the rind, they thirsted, scoop the brimming stream.
Rook jy.,
lines 335, 336.




worthy seemed



for in their looks divine

The image

of their glorious Maker shone, Truth, wisdom, sanctitude severe and pure,

Severe, but in true


freedom placed,



true authority in



though both

Not equal, as their sex not equal seemed For contemplation he, and valour formed For softness she, and sweet attractive grace





only, she for


in him.

large front

and eye sublime declared

Absolute rule

and hyacinthine locks

Round from

his parted forelock

manly hung

Clustering, but not beneath his shoulders broad. She, as a veil, down to the slender waist

Her unadorned golden



Dishevelled, but in wanton ringlets waved, As the vine curls her tendrils, which implied
Subjection, but required with gentle sway, And by her yielded, by him best received,

Yielded with coy submission, modest pride,


sweet, reluctant,



Nor those mysterious parts were then concealed, Then was not guilty shame. Dishonest shame Of nature's works, honour dishonourable, ~V^ how have troubled all mankind Sin-bred, ye With shows instead, mere shows of seeming pure,


banished from man's


his happiest


Simplicity and spotless innocence

So passed they naked on, nor shunned the Of God or angel for they thought no ill So hand in hand they passed, the loveliest




That ever since

in love's

embraces met;


the goodliest Man of Men since born His sons, the fairest of her daughters Eve.

Under a
tuft of

[BOOK ^.-325-358.

shade that on a green
fresh fountain side

Stood whispering soft, by a They sat them down and,

no more




sweet gardening labour than sufficed
cool zephyr,

To recommend
More More

and made ease and appetite


grateful, to their supper-fruits they


which the compliant boughs

Yielded them, sidelong as they sat reclined On the soft downy bank damasked with flowers:

The savoury pulp they chew, and
Still as

in the rind,

they thirsted, scoop the brimming stream

gentle purpose, nor endearing smiles, Wanted, nor youthful dalliance, as beseems


Fair couple, linked in happy nuptial league,

Alone as

frisking played All beasts of the earth, since wild, and of all chase

About them


or wilderness, forest or den


Sporting the lion ramped, and in his



the kid


bears, tigers, ounces, pards,

Gambolled before them

the unwieldly elephant,

To make them

mirth, used all his might,

and wreathed

close the serpent proboscis Insinuating, wove with Gordian twine


His braided


and of

his fatal guile

Gave proof unheeded
Couched, and,


others on the grass filled with pasture, gazing
for the sun,


Or bedward ruminating;
Declined, was hasting


with prone career


the ocean



in the

ascending scale

Of heaven


the stars that usher evening rose; Satan, still in gaze, as first he stood,

Scarce thus at length failed speech recovered sad: O Hell what do mine eyes with grief behold


BOOK IV.-3J9-392.]



of bliss thus high advanced Creatures of other mould, earth-born perhaps,

Into our



yet to heavenly spirits bright

Little inferior;

whom my

thoughts pursue

With wonder, and could love, so lively shines In them Divine resemblance, and such grace The hand that formed them on their shape hath poured.



gentle pair, ye




Your change approaches, when

nigh these delights

Will vanish, and deliver ye to woe More woe, the more your taste is now of joy Happy, but for so happy ill secured



high seat, your heaven fenced for heaven to keep out such a foe
to continue,


As now is entered yet no purposed foe To you, whom I could pity thus forlorn,


League with you




mutual amity, so

straight, so close,

with you must dwell, or you with me Henceforth. My dwelling haply may not please, Like this fair Paradise, your sense: yet such

Accept, your Maker's work.







as freely give


hell shall unfold,

To entertain you two, her widest gates, And send forth all her kings there will

be room,

Not like these narrow limits, to receive Your numerous offspring; if no better place, Thank him who puts me loth to this revenge On you who wrong me not, for him who wronged.





your harmless innocence

Melt, as

do, yet public reason just,

Honour and*

empire, with revenge enlarged

By conquering


world, compels

me now

To do what


though damned,

should abhor.


So spake
the Fiend,

[BOOK 1^-393-426.

and with


The tyrant's plea, excused his Then from his lofty stand on

devilish deeds.
that high tree


the sportful herd those four-footed kinds, himself now one,

he alights



other, as their

shape served best his end,

Nearer to view

his prey,

To mark what

of their

and unespied, state he more might learn

By word or action marked. About them round A lion now he stalks with fiery glare; Then as a tiger, who by chance hath spied In some purlieu two gentle fawns at play,
Straight crouches close, then rising, changes oft His couchant watch, as one who chose his ground,


rushing he might surest seize them both, Griped in each paw; when Adam, first of men, To first of women, Eve, thus moving speech,

Turned him,


ear to hear


utterance flow:

Sole partner, and sole part of all these joys, Dearer thyself than all needs must the Power

That made



for us this

ample world,



good, and of his good
free as infinite



That raised us from the





and placed us here his hand

Have nothing merited, nor can perform Aught whereof he hath need he who requires From us no other service than to keep

This one,

easy charge: of all the trees In Paradise that bear delicious fruit

So various, not to taste that only Tree Of Knowledge, planted by the tree of Cife So near grows death to life, whate'er death




dreadful thing no doubt; for well thou know'st

BOOK lV.-4 27-46o.]

hath pronounced it death to taste that only sign of our obedience left


God The



signs of power and rule

Conferred upon


and dominion given

other creatures that possess Then let us not think hard Earth, air, and sea.


easy prohibition, who enjoy Free leave so large to all things


and choice

Unlimited of manifold delights



us ever praise Him, and extol

His bounty; following our delightful task, To prune these growing plants, and tend these


Which were it To whom

toilsome, yet with thee were sweet. thus Eve replied O thou, for whom,

And And And And

from whom, I was formed, flesh of thy flesh, without whom am to no end, my guide



what thou hast said





For we




praises owe,

daily thanks





happier Pre-eminent by so

far the


enjoying thee much odds, while thou

Like consort to thyself canst nowhere find. That day I oft remember, when from sleep I first awaked, and found myself reposed,


a shade, on flowers,

much wondering where

And what
Not Of waters

was, whence thither brought, and how. distant far from thence a murmuring sound

issued from a cave, and spread Into a liquid plain, then stood unmoved,

Pure as the expanse of heaven. With unexperienced thought, and


thither went,


me down


the greeh bank, to look into the clear

Smooth lake, that to me seemed another As I bent down to look, just opposite

and thee claim. And meek surrender. . Under a plantane. Substantial have thee by my my heart. following. Had not a voice What there thou With thee it thus warned me : What is thou seest. Less winning soft. seest. fair creature. My other half. to give thee being I lent Out of my side to thee. and thy soft embraces he Whose image thou art. Back I turned. to him shalt bear Multitudes like thyself. But follow me. yet methought less fair. What could I do. thyself. but pleased it I soon returned. hand Seized mine How And yielded and from that time see beauty is excelled by manly grace. Thou. half-embracing leaned . of him thou His flesh. Pleased returned as soon with answering looks Of sympathy and love. : started back. and pined with vain desire. his bone to . Part of my soul. general mother. And I will bring thee where no shadow stays Thy coming. I seek thee. and with eyes So spake our Of conjugal attraction unreproved. him thou shalt enjoy Inseparably thine. But follow straight. nearest -life. wisdom. .94 PARADISE LOST. and thence be called Mother of human race. invisibly thus led ? Till I espied thee. which alone is truly fair. Return. side Henceforth an individual solace dear. criedst aloud. came and goes. and tall. art. fair Eve Whom flyest thou? whom thou flyest. [BOOK lv. less amiably mild. : With I that thy gentle . Than that smooth watery image. Bending to look on me I started back. There I had fixed Mine eyes till now. fair indeed.-46i-494 A It shape within the watery gleam appeared.

and to himself thus plained Imparadised in : Sight hateful. while I to Hell am thrust. under the flowing gold father. the clouds lip That shed May and pressed her matron kisses pure. as Jupiter On Juno With smiles. Among Still our other torments not the least.BOOK IV. Forbidden them Knowledge called. obedience and their faith will excite their that their ? O fair foundation laid whereon to build ! Their ruin Hence I minds With more desire to know. Knowledge forbidden ! Suspicious. one another's arms. let with pain of longing pines. invented with design To keep them low. unfulfilled. but fierce desire.-49S-528. ? But first with narrow search I must walk round . Why it should their Lord ? Envy them that ? Can it be death ? Can be sin to know And do they only stand By ignorance? Is The proof of their happy state. Smiled with superior love. Yet From One fatal not forget what I have gained their own mouths.] PARADISE LOST. All is not theirs. whom knowledge might exalt Equal with gods. reasonless. yet with jealous leer malign Eyed them askance. when he impregns flowers. Where neither joy nor love. tree there stands. The happier Eden. Aspiring to be such. of to taste. our first 95 On Naked met Of her loose half her swelling breast his. Aside the Devil turned For envy. tresses hid : he in delight Both of her beauty and submissive charms. me it seems. and to reject Envious commands. shall enjoy their fill Of bliss on bliss. sight tormenting! thus these two. They taste and die what likelier can ensue .

Chief of the angelic guards. piled up to the clouds. Meanwhile. I return. and show the mariner From what point of his compass to beware Impetuous winds: he thus began in haste: Gabriel. till Live while ye may. So saying. gliding through the even On a sunbeam. . for learned. It was a rock Of alabaster. his roam. and with right aspect Against the eastern gate of Paradise Levelled his evening rays. when vapours fired Impress the air. winding with one ascent Accessible from earth. Yet happy pair. Through wood. but nigh at hand Celestial armoury. Short pleasures long woes are to succeed. Some wandering Or in spirit of thick shade retired. heaven by fountain from him to draw side. Thither came Uriel. shields. awaiting night. 'thwart the night. with diamond flaming. where heaven With earth and ocean meets. The Still rest was craggy cliff. Conspicuous far. and no corner leave unspied. to thee thy course by lot hath given Charge and strict watch. and began o'er hill. helms. and spears.96 PARADISE LOST. that to this happy place . But with sly circumspection. the setting sun Slowly descended. swift as a shooting star In autumn. Hung high. What further would be enjoy. and with gold. About him exercised heroic games The unarmed youth of Heaven. that overhung as it rose. in o'er dale. through waste. impossible to climb. utmost longitude. his proud step he scornful turned. A chance but chance may lead where I may meet [BOOK 1^-529-562. This garden. Betwixt these rocky pillars Gabriel sat. one entrance high .

590. and Uriel to his charge Book IV.So promised he Returned.. lints 589. . .

Book IV. 799. lints 798.2O These to the bower direct In search of whom they sought. ..

But in the mount first that lies from Eden north. I described his way More Bent all on speed.-s63-597. troubles . zealous. to know of the Almighty's works. by morrow dawning I So promised he and Uriel to . and chiefly man. This day at height of noon came to my sphere A spirit. God's latest image. shorter flight to the east. but such as come since meridian hour no wonder Well known from Heaven. know. If spirit of other sort.BOOK lv.] PARADISE LOST. whose point now raised Bore him slope downward to the sun. how swift. One of the banished crew. But if within the circuit of these walks. have o'erleaped these earthly bounds purpose. had thither rolled Diurnal. but under shade Lost sight of him. . To whom Amid See winged warrior thus returned: The thy perfect sight. hard thou knowest it to exclude Spiritual substance with corporeal bar. evil thing 97 No approach or enter in. soon discerned Alien from Heaven. his looks Where he lighted. So minded. hath ventured from the deep to raise New Uriel. whither the bright orb. and marked his aery gait. charge Returned on that bright beam. of whom shall his Thou tellest. Mine eye pursued him still. In at this gate none pass vigilance here placed. now fallen Beneath the Azores Incredible . him thy care must be the if to find. had left him there Arraying with reflected purple and gold By The clouds 13 that on his western throne attend. as he seemed. I fear. In whatsoever shape he lurk. the sun's bright circle where thou sitt'st. with passions foul obscured. or this less voluble earth. far and wide. and No On creature thence.

. to men Successive. for beast and bird. unemployed. as day and night. and twilight grey . yonder alleys green.PARADISE LOST. That lie bestrewn. and the timely dew of sleep. Rising in clouded majesty. unveiled her peerless light. Mind us of like repose since God hath set Labour and rest. That mock our scant manuring. And Yon Our at our pleasant labour. with branches overgrown. thus to Eve: Fair consort. inclines Our eye-lids. that led The starry host.598-631. night long her amorous descant sung. . and less need rest. till the moon. unsightly and unsmooth. to reform flowery arbours. we must be fresh east risen. To-morrow. the hour When Adam Of night. ere With first morning streak the approach of light. in her sober livery all things clad Silence accompanied. all but the wakeful nightingale. Man hath his daily work of body or mind Appointed. Those blossoms also. which declares his dignity. While other animals unactive range. these to their nests Were She slunk. evening on. at length. and require More hands than ours to lop their wanton growth. They to their grassy couch. Now glowed the firmament Silence was pleased. Apparent queen. rode brightest. all With living sapphires: Hesperus. Now Had came still [BOOK IV. . and all things now retired to rest. Now falling with soft slumbrous weight. walk at noon. Other creatures all day long Rove idle. And the regard of Heaven on all his ways . And o'er the dark her silver mantle threw. and those dropping guYns. And of their doings God takes no account.

silent night. fragrant the fertile earth After soft showers. nor fragrance after showers. accomplished Eve. with perfect beauty 'domed: wills. without thee all is sweet. lV. Glistering with dew. all please alike. dew Or glittering /starlight. nor herb. . and sweet the coming on Of grateful evening mild then With this her solemn bird. and from land to land In order. her starry train But neither breath of morn.-6 3 2-66 S . thou mine : to know no more praise. her rising sweet. though to nations yet unborn. and their change. Lest total darkness should by night regain . this fair moon. Nor grateful evening mild nor silent night. With this her solemn bird nor walk by moon. nor rising sun fruit. and . Ministering light prepared. tree. flower.] PARADISELOST. Meanwhile. of earliest birds His orient beams. on herb. all woman's happiest knowledge. when she ascends these the gems With charm of earliest birds . thus Eve. as Nature To whom night bids us rest. what thou bidd'st Unargued I obey. fruit.BOOK. on this delightful land he spreads . These have their course to finish round the earth By morrow evening. author and disposer. so God ordains: My God Is is thy law. and her thee conversing. All seasons. when sleep hath shut all eyes? To whom our general ancestor replied But wherefore : Daughter of God and man. Sweet is the breath of morn. On this delightful land . they set and rise. : And of heaven. and flower. . Glistering with . With charm When first pleasant the sun. night long shine these ? for whom This glorious sight. if 99 Ask riddance we mean to tread with ease. I With forget time .

both when we wake. heads between. or responsive each to other's note. and each odorous bushy shrub. How often from the steep Of echoing hill or thicket have we heard air. and On songs our thoughts to heaven. on either side Acanthus. Laurel. which these soft [BOOK ^. God want praise. Celestial voices to the midnight Sole. The roof and myrtle. each beauteous Iris all flower. That heaven would want spectators. old possession. and extinguish life In Nature and all things. but. It was a place lift Chosen by the sovereign Planter. hand in hand alone they passed to their blissful bower. foment and warm. or nourish. Earth. Thus talking. All these with ceaseless praise His works behold Both day and night. and jessamine. their Divide the night. Nor think. with kindly heat Of various influence. when he framed use. made hereby deep of night. then. and what higher grew Of firm and fragrant leaf. roses. ^Yith heavenly touch of instrumental sounds In full harmonic number joined. or nightly rounding walk. Singing their great Creator! Oft in bands While they keep watch. and wrought Reared high their flourished . though men were none. Her fires Not only enlighten. in These though unbeheld Millions of spiritual creatures walk the Earth Unseen.-666-699. or in part shed Temper Their down stellar virtue on all kinds that grow On apter to receive Perfection from the sun's more potent ray. hues. Fenced up the verdant wall. Shine not in vain. All things to man's delightful Of thickest covert was inwoven shade. and when we sleep.too PARADISE LOST.

and heaven. In shadier bower More sacred and sequestered. more coloured than with stone Of costliest emblem : other creature here. when to the unwiser son Of Japhet brought by Hermes. garlands. Thou also mad'st the night. IOI Mosaic. the crown of all our bliss Ordained by thee. bird. happy in our mutual help And mutual love. Such was their awe of man. Both turned. Thus. More lovely than Pandora. who shall with us extol . nor Nymph Beast. she ensnared Mankind with her fair looks.7 oc^733. air. both stood. at their shady lodge arrived.] PARADISE LOST. earth. to be avenged On him who had stole Jove's authentic fire. with rich inlay Broidered the ground. Have finished. Here. whom . where thy abundance wants Partakers. durst enter none. Maker Omnipotent. worm. Espoused Eve decked first her nuptial bed. and uncropt falls to the ground. in Angel to our sire naked beauty more adorned. and this delicious place For us too large. or Nor Faunus haunted. in our appointed work employed.BOOK IV. the moon's resplendent globe. With flowers. in close recess. And starry pole.. And heavenly What day the Brought quires the genial hymenean sung. insect. But thou hast promised from us two a race To fill the earth. and hyacinth. and thou the day Which they Which we. beheld. violet. and sweet-smelling herbs. Pan or Sylvanus never slept. though but feigned. the gods ! Endowed with all their gifts and. her. and under open sky adored The God that made both sky. under foot the Crocus. O too like In sad event.

and the charities first Of Or father. both when we wake. mysterious law. This said unanimous. thy gift of sleep. to all. and waves his purple wings. Present. I Far be that should write thee sin or blame. sole propriety In Paradise. but adoration pure \Yhich God likes best. . Our Maker Hail. Relations dear.1O2 PARADISE LOST. in reason. in all things common else ! By thee adulterous lust was driven from men by thee. or past. Defaming as impure what God declares Pure. loyal. it. But our destroyer. were known. . into their inmost bower Handed they went. think thee unbefitting holiest place Perpetual fountain of domestic sweets. and commands to some. not in the bought smile Of harlots. leaves free purity. who bids abstain God and man ? true source wedded love. just. loveless. and other Observing none. and brother. Casual nor in court amours. and place. bids increase foe to . Adam spouse. is Whose bed Here Love undefiled. golden shafts employs. son. Straight side by side were laid. as saints and patriarchs used. [BOOK IV. nor Eve the rites Mysterious of connubial love refused from his fair : \Yhatever hypocrites austerely talk Of and innocence. 734-767. rites seek. unendeared. his and chaste pronounced. all Founded and pure. and. joyless. I ween. Thy goodness And when we infinite. fruition. eased the putting off These troublesome disguises which we wear. nor turned. as now. here lights His constant lamp. Reigns here and revels. Among the bestial herds to range. Of human offspring.

bring. When Gabriel to his next in power thus spake: Uzziel.] PARADISE LOST. half these draw pff. roses. yet happiest. perhaps asleep. Squat like a toad close at the ear of Eve. These. or midnight ball. O No happier state. Our circuit meets full As flame they part. Half wheeling to the shield. stood armed To their night watches in warlike parade. led his radiant Dazzling the In search of moon these to the bower direct whom they sought. wanton mask. . west. which the starved' lover sings his proud fair. and coast the south these other wheel the north.BOOK I V. seize fast. his devilish art to reach Assaying by . lulled by nightingales. ! Now had night measured with her shadowy cone Half way up hill this vast sublunar vault. two strong and subtle sp'rits he called That near him stood. Forth issuing at the accustomed hour. Now Who The tells of some infernal spirit seen Hitherward bent Such.. with winged speed Search through this garden. on he . and. And from their ivory port the cherubim. With strictest watch. This evening from the sun's decline arrived laid . where ye could have thought? bars of Hell. half to the spear. which the morn repaired.7 68-8oi . secure of harm. best quitted with disdain. if ye seek and know to know no more. on errand bad no doubt: find. Or To serenate. Him there they found. or 103 Mixed dance. Sleep on. and gave them thus in charge: Ithuriel and Zephon.leave unsearched no nook But chiefly where those two fair creatures lodge. From these. And on their naked limbs the flowery roof Showered Blest pair . So saying. embracing slept. who escaped and hither files.

With sudden blaze diffused. answering scorn with scorn Think not. vain aims. half amazed So sudden to behold the grizzly king. Fit for the tun. or. discontented thoughts. Yet thus. laid some magazine to store Against a rumoured war. Like gentle breaths from rivers pure. : Why satt'st thou at like Here watching an enemy in wait. like to end as much in vain ? : thus Zephon. thus intent Ithuriel with his spear Touched lightly. and with them forge phantasms and dreams. said Satan. Or if. escaped thy prison ? and transformed. but returns Of force to its own likeness. The lowest of your throng. inflames the air. raise. Up he starts. thence At least. as [BOOK l\. So started up in his own shape the Fiend. the head of these that sleep ? Know ye not. accost him soon Which of those rebel spirits adjudged to hell Com'st thou.- of her fancy.104 PARADISE LOST. unmoved with fear. Back stept those two fair angels. Vain hopes. revolted spirit. then. thy shape the same. for no falsehood can endure Touch of celestial temper. that from pure blood arise he list. inordinate desires. Know ye not me? Ye knew me once no mate For you. he might taint The animal spirits. Why ask ye. inspiring venom. Blown up with high Him conceits engendering pride. Discovered and surprised. To whom . and superfluous begin Your message. filled with scorn. The organs Illusions. the smutty grain. if ye know. there sitting where ye durst not soar: Not to know me. As when a spark Lights on a heap of nitrous powder. distempered. argues yourselves unknown.

But come for thou. Awaiting next command.BOOK IV. .J PARADISE LOST. went haughty on. wicked and thence weak. Best with the best.-8 3 6-869. Just met. awe from above had quelled not else dismayed. from the front thus called aloud: O friends! I hear the tread of nimble feet Hasting Ithuriel. through the shade. yet If I seemed said he. the sender not the sent. and now by glimpse discern And 14 and Zephon. Or all at once more glory will be won. like a proud steed reined. The Fiend replied not. this way. foul. 105 Or undiminished brightness to be known. Abashed the devil stood. Zephon bold. where those half-rounding guards chief. . added grace Invincible. Now drew they nigh vain . shalt give account To him who sent us. but chiefly to find here observed His lustre visibly impaired. Or less be lost. To whom their Gabriel. upright and pure. and pined His loss. must contend. with them comes a third of regal port. Severe in youthful beauty. be sure. and. fear. Will save us trial what the least can do Single against thee. As when thou stood'st in heaven. closing. That glory then. is. So spake the cherub. And felt how awful goodness and saw Virtue in her shape how lovely. saw. This place inviolable. stood in squadron joined. . Thy said Champing his iron curb: to strive or fly He His held it heart. overcome with rage But. when thou no more wast good. The western point. Undaunted. and his grave rebuke. whose charge is to keep and these from harm. Departed from thee and thou resemblest now . Thy sin and place of doom obscure and .

and disturbed the charge other. which in this place I sought. thus replied: . and those dwelling God hath planted here in bliss? : thus Satan. thou hadst in Heaven the esteem of wise. And boldly venture to whatever place Farthest from pain. Thus he in scorn. who approve not to transgress By To thy example. held thee. busied. and soonest recompense Dole with delight. when those two approached.-870-903. But that implies not violence or harm. To But His thee no reason. The warlike moved. where found. Not likely to part hence. Employed. Thus much what was asked. he intends our stay In that dark durance. firm. rest is true. Whose To whom And such I seems. But faded splendour wan. The they found me where they say. thy transgressions. but have power and right question thy bold entrance on this place it . Though thither doomed ? Thou wouldst thyself. to violate sleep. Stand without contest.io6 PARADISE LOST. for in his look defiance lours. but this question asked Puts me in doubt. with stern regard thus Gabriel spake: hast thou. in what form and posture couched. Lives there who loves his pain ? Who would not. who only good. Satan. no doubt. He And scarce had ended. Angel Disdainfully half smiling. broke the whom To whom Why Of bounds prescribed To. who by his gait And fierce demeanour seems the prince of Hell. [BOOK ^. brief related How they brought. finding way. where thou mightst hope to change Torment with ease. evil hast will. not tried: and wilt object bound us? Let him surer bar if who knowest His iron gates. with contemptuous brow Gabriel. break loose from hell.

BOOK IV. Which thou incurr'st by flying. to 'scape his punishment! ! So judge thou still. and scourge that wisdom back to hell Which taught thee yet no better. whereof in hell . But wherefore thou alone? Wherefore with thee Is pain to Came not all hell broke loose? fled ? . first alone undertook To wing the desolate abyss and spy This new-created world. and ill successes past. doubt whether to hold them wise ask what boldness brought him hither Unlicensed from his bounds in hell prescribed not.] PARADISE LOST. them Less pain. or shrink ! Insulting Angel from pain.-904-937. Or who So wise he judges However. Thou surely hadst not come sole fugitive. thy words at random as before Argue thy From inexperience. what behoves hard assays. less to be Less hardy to endure or thou than they The first in flight Courageous chief! from pain Hadst thou alleged ! To thy deserted host this cause of flight. not to hazard all Through ways therefore. and it to fly from pain. . presumptuous till the wrath. loss of 107 one in heaven to judge of wise ! Since Satan fell. I of danger by himself untried. And now Gravely in returns him from his prison 'scaped. that no pain Can equal anger infinite provoked. frowning Not that I stern: less endure. Well thou knowest I stood in battle to thy aid The The But fiercest when blasting vollied thunder made all speed. A 1 faithful leader. And seconded still thy else not dreaded spear. whom folly overthrew. meet thy flight Sevenfold. To which the Fiend thus answered.

threatened he. military obedience. faithful add ? ! O name. but a Satan and couldst thou : liar traced. and thyself to reign ? But mark what I areed thee now: Avaunt! Fly thither whence thou fledd'st! If from this hour Within these hallowed limits I thou appear. with songs to hymn his throne. gates of hell too slightly barred. or in mid air. but in hope To dispossess him.I08 PARADISE LOST. and settle here my afflicted powers on earth. Back to the infernal pit drag thee chained. to dissolve Allegiance to the acknowledged Power Supreme? And thou. Argues no leader. not silent. and cringed. put to try once more What thou and thy gay legions dare against. sly hypocrite. as henceforth not to scorn facile So Gave heed. but Satan to no threats but. Whose easier business were to serve their Lord Though for possession High up in heaven. To whom the warrior Angel soon replied: say and straight unsay. when am . waxing more I in rage. talk of chains. Fame To is |B IV 938-971. professing next the spy. And To practised distances to cringe. Proud limitary cherub! but ere then Then. this fit sacred name Army body to fit head. Was Your your discipline and faith engaged. And The seal thee so. and servilely adored Heaven's awful monarch ? wherefore. pretending first Wise to fly pain. who more than thou Once fawned. O of faithfulness profaned Faithful to whom? To thy rebellious crew? of fiends. replied : thy captive. who now wouldst seem Patron of liberty. not fight. here in hope to find Better abode.

had not soon The Eternal. hem him round as when a field Lest on the threshing-floor his hopeful sheaves Prove chaff.] PARADISE LOST. Collecting all his might. draw'st his triumphant wheels In progress through the road of Heaven star-paved. ripe for harvest. alarmed. Used to the yoke. waving bends Her bearded grove of ears. dilated stood. What seemed both spear and shield. While thus he spake. sharpening in mooned horns Their phalanx. and on his crest Sat horror plumed nor wanted in his grasp . to prevent such horrid fray. yet seen Betwixt Astrea and the Scorpion sign. In this commotion. The pendulous round earth with balanced air In counterpoise. unremoved : His stature reached the sky. Now dreadful deeds Might have ensued nor only Paradise. Satan.-972-ioo S . now ponders all events. Wherein all things created first He weighed. The sequel each of parting and of fight: : The latter quick up flew. : . Like Teneriff or Atlas. and thou with thy compeers. Battles and realms in these he put two weights. to feel 109 Far heavier load thyself expect From my prevailing arm. Hung forth in heaven his golden scales. or all the elements At least had gone to wrack. and began to With ported spears as thick Of Ceres. which way the wind Sways them the careful ploughman doubting stands . though heaven's King Ride on thy wings. but the starry cope . Of heaven perhaps. disturbed and torn With violence of this conflict. the angelic squadron bright Turned fiery red. On the other side. and kicked the beam Which Gabriel spying.BOOK iv. thus bespake the Fiend .

and knew fled His mounted scale nor more. nor mine. Neither our own. 1006-1015. ho\v weak thou resist. and with him shades of night. and thou know'st mine. I [BOOK IV. Satan. : Than Heaven now To And read thy lot in yon celestial sign. though doubled trample thee as mire for proof look up. Where thou art weighed. The Fiend looked aloft: up. but given what folly then .PARADISE LOST. . but fled the Murmuring. and shown how If light. thy strength. know To boast what arms can do! since thine no more permits.

at Adam's request. . . enemy near at hand. so customed for his sleep Was^ aery-light. and how he came to be so. minds Adam of his state and of his enemy relates. with looks of cordial love Hung over her enamoured. whether waking or asleep. He. her rosy steps in the eastern clime and fuming rills. a seraph. Mild as when Zephyrus on Flora breathes. my ever-new delight! and the fresh field 1 Awake : the . waked. half raised. . and why his enemy. then forsakes him. got together by Eve their discourse at table Raphael performs his message. Eve relates to . of his ever else may avail Adam know. persuading and opposes him. their day-labours their Adam her troublesome dream he likes morning hymn at the door of their bower. sitting at the door of his bower. my latest found. Her hand soft touching. all but only Abdiel. Calls us we lose the prime to mark how spring 111 Our tender how blows the citron grove. yet comforts her render man they come forth to inexcusable. on his side Leaning. who that enemy is. : My fairest. sends Raphael to . brings him to his lodge. entertains him with the choicest fruits of Paradise. whisper'd thus Awake. And temperate vapours bland. morning plants. Shot forth peculiar graces then with voice . he goes out to meet him. to find rest. God. which the only sound : NOW When Adam Of leaves morn. and glowing cheek. which. . .BOOK MORNING approached. sowed the earth with orient pearl. Lightly dispersed. from pure digestion bred. north. how he drew his legions after him to the parts of the admonish him of his obedience. best gift. to to it not. Aurora's fan. . and beheld Beauty. and the occasion thereof. and there incited them to rebel with him. of his free estate. who he is. and whatRaphael comes down to Paradise his appearance described his coming discerned by Adam afar off. my espoused. . V. who in argument dissuades Advancing. beginning from the first revolt in heaven. shines. so much the more His wonder was With tresses As through unquiet unwakened Eve discomposed. and the shrill matin song Of birds on every bough. Heaven's last.

Whom In behold but thee. I thought it thine. Works of day past. this I I for this Such night never passed oft nighthave dreamed. as wondering looked.112 PARADISE LOST.-2 3 5 6. Methought mine ear one called me forth to walk till this gentle voice sleep'st thou. dreamed. beside it stood One shaped and winged like one of those from heaven I By us oft seen: his dewy locks distilled . Nature paints her colours. save where silence yields To the night-warbling bird. Such whispering waked her. How Sits on the bloom extracting liquid sweet. but with startled eye : On Adam. to Heaven wakes with all his eyes. how the bee [BOOK V. not. or morrow's next design But of offence and trouble. the silent. My Thy If glory. face my till perfection ! glad I see I and morn returned. alone That brought me on passed through ways a sudden to the tree I Of interdicted knowledge. whom embracing. now none regard. Fair it seemed. as am wont. with ravishment whose Attracted by thy beauty still to gaze. What drops the myrrh. Why The Eve? now is the pleasant time. and what the balmy reed. It said. . thus she spake O sole in whom my thoughts find all repose. but found thee not. Much fairer to my fancy than by day: And. cool. To find thee I directed then my walk. that his love-laboured Tunes sweetest reigns Full-orbed the moon. Nature's desire? sight all things joy. of thee. And on. methought. and with more pleasing light Shadowy sets off the face of things in vain. If now awake song. which my mind Knew With never Close at irksome night. I rose as at thy call.

and with him . 1015. but fled shades of night. Book IV.Nor more Murmuring.. lines 1014. 21 fled the .

half raised. Book y.22 Leaning. . with looks of cordial love. 13. Unit ia.. Hung over her enamoured.

here. Forthwith up to the clouds that With him The earth I flew.BOOK V. seems. in the air. not to earth confined. Taste this. with fruit surcharged. by merit thine. but it much more sweet fit thus crept. and such live thou. and underneath beheld And To this outstretched immense. he tasted. and be henceforth among the gods Thyself a goddess.] PARADISE LOST. Happier thou mayst be. that : held part the pleasant savoury smell fruit I. as But sometimes Even to my mouth of Which he had plucke4 So quickened appetite. high exaltation. the more Communicated. Could not but taste. said he. vouched with a deed so bold But he thus. same methought. as only to For gods. none shall . Ambrosia. or what reserve forbids to taste ? Forbid who will. but with venturous arm Me damp horror chilled plucked. happy creature. and taste thy sweet. suddenly . a prospect wide various wondering at my flight and change . worthier canst not be. fair plant. but honoured more? Here. : At such bold words. So saying. fair angelic Eve Partake thou also happy though thou : ! art. The author not impaired. And oh. nor man ? Is knowledge so despised ? Or envy. : Sweet of Forbidden thyself.-57-90. and to me held. we. sometimes Ascend to Heaven. yet able make gods of men . more abundant grows. from me withhold ? Longer thy This said. and see What life the gods live there. offered good why else set here He he paused not. he drew nigh. Nor God. since good. overjoyed O fruit divine. Deigns none to ease thy load. On that tree he also gazed. And why not gods of men .

in this thy dream. and leave No spot or blame behind which gives me hope . nor cloud those looks. but misjoining shapes. To find this but a how glad I waked dream. But know. sunk down And fell asleep. Yet evil sprung. aery shapes. thou never wilt consent to do. That wont to be more cheerful and serene.124. But with addition strange. of whence ? Created pure. methought. Among Fancy next Her office holds. and thus Adam Best image of myself. in sleep Be not disheartened. Oft in her absence mimic Fancy wakes To 111 imitate her. . [BOOK V. Wild work produces and most in dreams .-gi. She forms imaginations. I fear. Which the five watchful senses represent. Thus Eve her night answered sad : Related. My guide was gone. The trouble of thy thoughts this night in sleep Affects me equally. I. Which reason joining or disjoining frames All what we affirm or what deny. and . when nature rests. oh. methinks. so unapproved. that in the soul evil that serve these. matching words and deeds long past or late. That what Waking thou didst abhor to dream. yet be not Evil into the sad. of all external things. oft. Reason as chief. then. and dearer half. Are many lesser faculties. call Our knowledge or opinion then retires Into her private cell. Than when fair morning first smiles on the world . in thee can harbour none. mind of God or Man May come and go. I find Of our last evening's talk.PARADISE LOST. nor can I like This uncouth dream. Some such resemblances. and but.

silently a gentle tear let fall From either eye. and began Their orisons. scarce uprisen. as the gracious signs of sweet remorse And pious awe. and the flowers smells. ere they fell. wide landscape Discovering Of Paradise and Eden's happy the east plains. or sung Unmeditated such prompt eloquence Flowed from their lips. who sitt'st above these heavens ! : ! To us invisible. and wiped them with her Two other precious drops that ready stood. from under shady arborous roof. and kept for thee So cheered he But his fair spouse. Almighty Thus wondrous fair Thyself how wondrous then Unspeakable. Kissed. . and she was cheered. who. in prose or numerous verse. or dimly seen In these thy lowest works yet these declare . More tuneable than needed lute or harp To add more sweetness and they thus began These are Thy glorious works. Shot parallel to the earth his in dewy all ray.-i 2 5 -i 58. in store. and to the field they haste. that feared to have offended. So But all was cleared. and the sun. Soon as they forth were come to open sight first Of day-spring. : Thine this universal frame. Lowly they bowed adoring. the fountains. for neither various style Nor holy rapture wanted they to praise Their Maker. With wheels yet hovering o'er the ocean-brim. he. . each morning duly paid In various style. hair. in fit strains pronounced. And let 115 Among us to our fresh employments rise the groves.BOOK V. Parent of good .] PARADISE LOST. That open now their choicest bosomed Reserved from night. Each in their crystal sluice.

. On earth join all ye creatures to extol LB v. ye with songs Angels. Whether to deck with clouds the uncoloured sky. and power divine. Him midst. Him last. sound His praise In thy eternal course. last in the train of night. fixed in their orb that flies. While day arises. and ye elements. Thy goodness beyond thought. If better thou belong not to the dawn. Acknowledge thy greater. both when thou climb'st. that now rise steaming lake.-i 59-19*- Him first. resound His praise. Perpetual circle. and when thou Him fall'st Moon. . that now meet'st the orient sun. that in quaternion run . of this great world both eye and soul. And other wandering fires. multiform and mix And nourish all things let your ceaseless change Vary to our great Maker still new praise. sun paint your fleecy In honour to the world's great Author rise. Circle his throne rejoicing. Fairest of stars. who out of darkness called up light. now fly'st. ye winds that from four quarters blow.. praise Him in thy sphere. His praise. Or wet the thirsty earth with falling showers.6 PARADISE LOST. day without night. Rising or falling. With the fixed stars. the eldest nature's birth Of womb. that move In mystic dance not without song. dusky or grey. still advance His praise. Sure pledge of day. skirts with gold. Ye mists and From hill or Till the exhalations. ye who best can tell. and without end.. that sweet hour of prime. for ye behold Him. sons of light. ye five Air. Speak. Thou Sun. that crown'st the smiling morn With thy bright circlet. And when high noon hast gained. and And choral symphonies. ye in heaven.

warbling tune His praise. fresh shade. thou hear'st what stir on Earth Satan. and to their thoughts Firm peace recovered soon. fountain or Made vocal by my song. the sociable spirit. from Hell 'scaped through the darksome gulf. or lowly creep. in sign of Join voices. 193-226. universal taught His praise. So prayed they innocent. . to adorn His barren leaves. Breathe soft or loud tops.BOOK v. said he. and needed hands to check fruit-trees. it. all ye living souls : ye birds That. singing. if and I stately tread. and to Him called Raphael. Disperse as now light dispels the dark. spoused. she. that deigned To travel with Tobias. Fountains. . where any row over-woody. Hath raised in Paradise and how disturbed . worship and that warble as ye flow. Bear on your wings and in your notes His praise. Ye that in waters glide. Raphael. reached too far Their pampered boughs. To and if the night give us only good Have gathered aught of evil. wave. and with her brings Her dower. and wonted calm. the adopted clusters. ye Melodious murmurs. up to Heaven-gate ascend. or concealed. about him twines Her marriageable arms. ye pines. Of Fruitless embraces : or they led the vine To wed her elm . 117 and wave your With every plant. On to their morning's rural work they haste. Among sweet dews and flowers. silent. still Lord! be bounteous . To hill or valley. Witness be morn or even. and ye that walk The earth. Them thus employed beheld With pity heaven's high King.] PARADISE LOST. and Hail. and secured His marriage with the seven-times wedded maid.

The fall of others from like state of bliss ? . Star interposed. the gate self opened wide : Flew through On each hand the rnidst of heaven parting. Or with repose. too secure. half this day. however small he sees. Go. Father. . But by deceit and This let him know. with cedars crowned . or. in what bower or shade [BOOK Thou find'st him from the heat of noon retired. at the gate Of Heaven arrived. for that shall be withstood lies. Converse with Adam. up springing speed gave way Through all the empyreal road till. From hence no cloud. as friend with friend. Thousand celestial Ardours. To respite his day-labour with repast. to obstruct his sight. Not unconform to other shining globes. By violence no. therefore. Earth. how he designs In them at once to ruin all mankind. Veiled with his gorgeous wings. to his . the and fulfilled winged saint After his charge received but from among light.n8 PARADISE LOST. Tell him withal His danger. though free Yet mutable. wilfully transgressing. whence warn him to beware He swerve not. and from whom what enemy. left free to will. Lest. is plotting . This night the human pair. Late fallen himself from heaven. All So spake the Eternal Nor delayed justice. own free will. unadmonished. where he stood the angelic quires. he pretend Surprisal. as by work Divine the sov'reign Architect had framed. and the garden of God. and such discourse bring on As may advise him of his happy stateHappiness Left to his in his power. unforewarned. his will now . On golden hinges turning.

the middle pair Girt like a starry zone his waist. and to his proper shape returns. through groves of myrrh. and round Skirted his loins and thighs with downy gold. less night the glass assured.- to enshrine his relics in the Bright temple. When. he seems Sun's A phoenix. then with quick fan the Winnows buxom by air. till. wilderness of sweets for Nature here . Like Maia's son he stood. to all the fowls all. came mantling o'er his breast With regal ornament. the pair that clad Each shoulder. observes : 119 As when by Imagined lands and regions in the moon Or pilot. filled And shook his plumes. . Their glittering tents he passed. gazed as that sole bird. Of Galileo. to Egyptian Thebes he flies. For on some message high they guessed him bound.-26I-394-J PARADISE LOST.BOOK V. Six wings he wore. and balm. A seraph winged. and through the vast ethereal sky Sails Now between worlds and worlds. and now is come Into the blissful field. And A flowering odours. nard. Above all hills. on the polar winds. from amidst the Cyclades. to shade His lineaments divine. with steady wing. . Straight knew him all the bands Of Angels under watch and to his state. kens thither A cloudy spot. Sky-tinctured grain. . And colours dipt in heaven the third his feet Shadowed from either heel with feathered mail. Delos or Samos first appearing. in honour rise . Down prone in flight He speeds. that heavenly fragrance The circuit wide. broad. At once on the eastern cliff of Paradise He lights . within soar Of towering eagles. cassia. And to his message high.

: to whom thus Adam called Haste hither. and. Wild above rule or art. as he . and pour Abundance. earth. Save what by frugal storing firmness gains To But nourish. what thy stores contain. where store. haste. hallowed mould.130 PARADISE LOST. will pluck such choice Each plant and To entertain our Angel-guest. well we may afford Our givers their own gifts. Him through the spicy forest onward come [BOOK V. which instructs us not to spare. I will and superfluous moist consumes. to warm Earth's inmost womb. due at her And Eve within. sight. enormous bliss. and will vouchsafe This day to be our guest. And. of taste to please True appetite. behold. and from each bough and brake. hour prepared For dinner savoury fruits. Eve. bring forth. ! All seasons. and not disrelish thirst Of nectareous draughts between. and large bestow From where Nature multiplies Her fertile growth. seems another morn Rises on mid-noon. worth thy trees. Wantoned as in her prime. fit to honour and receive Our heavenly stranger. or grape : stream. Some great behest from Heaven To us perhaps he brings. from milky Berry. Adam Of discerned. 295-328. and by disburdening grows More fruitful. ripe for use hangs on the stalk. large bestowed. To whom thus Eve: Adam. more warmth than Adam needs. Of God inspired small store will serve. as in the door he sat his cool bower. juiciest gourd. But go with speed. and played at will Her virgin fancies. Eastward among those Comes this what glorious shape way moving. while now the mounted sun Shot down direct his fervid rays. pouring forth more sweet.

16 . in haste turns. So saying. inoffensive must. then strews the ground the shrub unfumed. but bring Taste after taste upheld with kindliest change Bestirs her then.BOOK V. all-bearing mother. or bearded husk. For drink the grape She crushes. in coat Rough. As bowing low. order so contrived as not to mix Tastes not well joined. and from each tender stalk Whatever Earth. with dispatchful looks. Dazzles the crowd. More solemn than the tedious pomp that waits On princes. Beholding shall confess that here 121 on earth God She hath dispensed his bounties as in Heaven. or smooth rind. fruit of all kinds. yields In India East or West.] PARADISE LOST. or She gathers. his own complete all In himself was his state. Wants her fit vessels pure With rose and odours from . tribute large. walks to meet train forth without more Accompanied than with Perfections.-329-362. Nearer his presence Adam. inelegant. Thus said Native of Heaven. and on the board ' Heaps with unsparing hand. . for other place None can than Heaven such glorious shape contain : to a superior nature. Meanwhile our primitive great His godlike guest. or middle shore In Pontus or the Punic coast. Yet with submiss approach and reverence meek. and sets them all agape. on hospitable thoughts intent What What choice to choose for delicacy best. and meaths From many a berry. when their rich retinue long Of horses led. and from sweet kernels pressed. or where -^ shell. and grooms besmeared with gold. She tempers dulcet creams nor these to hold . . sire. though not awed. Alcinous reigned .

No fear lest dinner cool . no Hail veil She needed.. and mossy seats had round. Stood to entertain her guest from heaven the angel " . that like Pomona's arbour smiled. when thus began . Since by descending from the thrones above. Undecked save with herself. or the fairest goddess feigned Of three that in Mount Ida naked strove. v. On whom Bestowed. rest. I thus the angelic Virtue answered mild: came . A while discourse they hold.3 63. whose the world fruitful womb sons. Raised of grassy turf Their table was. over. and fragrant smells. or such place hast here to dwell. have at will. . and honour these only. till this meridian heat and the sun more cool therefore decline. O'ershades for Lead on then where thy bower these mid hours. nor art thou such Created. All autumn piled. . Hail. though spirits of Heaven. And on her ample square from side to side. To I visit thee. Whom Adam. sit yonder shady bower and what the garden choicest bears and taste. virtue proof. the holy salutation used Long after to blest Mary.396. With flowerets decked. more lovely fair Than wood-nymph. vouchsafe with us Two To To Be who yet by sovereign gift possess in This spacious ground. As may not oft invite. To want. though spring and autumn here Danced hand in hand. no thought infirm !" Altered her cheek. So to the sylvan lodge They came. till evening rise. second Eve. mother of mankind. Those happy places thou hast deigned a while [BOOK. But Eve. Shall fill more numerous with thy Than with these various fruits the trees of God Have heaped this table.122 PARADISE LOST.

see. Earth and the sea feed air. that light imparts to his alimental The sun. Vapours not yet into her substance turned. digest.-397-430. . the ocean. and both contain faculty hear. : To whom the Angel Therefore what He Whose praise be ever sung to man in part Spiritual. Within them every lower whereby they Tasting. Ethereal. may : As doth your Of sense. . though from off the boughs each morn.BOOK V. rational . which our Nourisher. earth the sea. To us for food and for delight hath caused The Earth to yield unsavoury food perhaps . To spiritual natures celestial That one only this I know. descends. please to taste 123 These bounties.] PARADISE LOST. Nor doth the moon no nourishment all. and as lowest. unmeasured out. Father gives to all. first the moon Whence in her visage round those spots. And For corporeal to incorporeal turn. know. assimilate. and find the ground Covered with pearly grain yet God hath here We . from whom All perfect good. whatever was created needs : To The be sustained and fed of elements grosser feeds the purer. taste. touch. exhale From her moist continent to higher orbs. From all In humid Sups with receives recompense and at even exhalations. Our author: Heavenly stranger. gives of purest spirits be found No ungrateful food and food alike those pure Intelligential substances require. concoct. Though in Heaven the trees Of life ambrosial fruitage bear. brush mellifluous dews. the air those fires . smell. and vines Yield nectar.

Deserving Paradise! if ever. whose high power. by fire Metals of drossiest ore to perfect gold. and their flowing cups With pleasant liquors crowned. Thus when with meats and drinks they had sufficed. As may compare with Heaven and to taste . the injured lover's hell. Varied his bounty so with new delights. So down they sat. Meanwhile at table Eve Ministered naked. nor jealousy Was understood. so Exceeded human and his wary speech : Thus empyreal minister he framed Inhabitant with God. and these earthly fruits to taste. let Not burdened In sudden mind arose Adam not to the occasion pass. and of their being Who dwell in heaven. to know Of things above his world. And to their viands nor seemingly The Angel.124 PARADISE LOST. Of sooty coal the empiric alchymist Can turn. now know I well Thy favour. whose excellence he saw his Transcend own : so far: whose radiant forms. and holds it possible to turn. in this honour done to man Under whose lowly roof thou hast vouchsafed To enter. to the . O innocence. Given him by this great conference. transpires if Through spirits with ease nor wonder. . nature. far Divine effulgence. .-4 3i-464- Think not I shall be nice. As from the mine. nor in mist the common gloss Of theologians but with keen despatch Of real hunger and concoctive heat To transubstantiate : what redounds. Then had the sons of God excuse to have been Enamoured at that sight. then. fell . but in those hearts Love unlibidinous reigned. [BOOK V.

to spirit work. So from Springs lighter the green stalk. Fancy and understanding. To To vital spirits aspire. Differing but in degree. or nearer tending in their several active spheres assigned. nor And from these corporeal Your bodies may Improved by tract of time. at last turn all to spirit. ascend . discourse If oftest yours. in Him body up bounds the root }>r$ Proportioned to each kind. in things that live. and up to Him return. Time may come when men and find With angels may participate. whence the soul Reason receives. as you. To proper substance. perhaps. one first matter If all all. created Such to perfection. But more various forms. what God for you saw good If I refuse but convert. last the bright Spirits odorous breathes : consummate flower flowers and their fruit. the latter most is ours. Endued with Of substance. one Almighty is. too light fare.-465-498-J PARADISE LOST. or intuitive . No inconvenient diet. and winged. the To whom not depraved from good. yet accepted so. life Man's nourishment. not. As Till nearer to Each placed. from whom All things proceed. refined. then. and pure. more spirituous. to and sense. and reason is her being. animal. various degrees and.BOOK V. nutriments. As that more willingly thou couldst not seem At heaven's high feasts to have fed yet what compare : 125 ! winged Hierarch replied: O Adam. from thence the leaves More aery. Food not of Angels. by gradual scale sublimed. of life . give both Discursive. intellectual . Wonder not. of kind the same.

But say. Well hast thou taught the way that might direct Our knowledge. not over-ruled by fate . as [BOOK V. owe to God That thou continuest such. and the scale of nature set From By centre to circumference. If ye be found obedient. His love entire. ordained thy will nature free. To whom the patriarch of mankind replied : Oh. God made thee perfect. whereon. And good He left it By but to persevere in thy power. In contemplation of created things. . Not our necessitated such with him . nor can find for how Can hearts not free be tried whether they serve : .I2 6 PARADISE LOST. or may. propitious guest. That is. Who or possibly His love desert. to thy obedience. he made thee Inextricable. This was that caution given thee. What meant Obedient? that caution joined. incapable of more. Ethereal. in Here or Whose progeny you Your^fill are. or strict necessity. formed us from the dust. the To whom Angel : Earth. Finds no acceptance. Our voluntary service he requires. Meanwhile enjoy this what happiness happy state Can comprehend. and retain Unalterably firm. be advised. owe to thyself. not immutable. steps we may ascend to God. therein stand. If ye be found Can we want obedience then 5~\5 To Him.-499-532 we . at choice. favourable spirit. heavenly paradises dwell. and placed us here desires can seek or apprehend Full to the utmost measure of what bliss Human : ? Son of Heaven and Attend that thou art happy.

. as in our will To love or not. On other surety none. while our obedience holds 127 . fall From what high state of bliss into what woe To whom our great progenitor: Thy words ! Attentive. And we have yet large day. . in this we stand or fall. to disobedience fallen. and obey him whose command Single is yet so just. which must needs be strange. Willing or no. And some are fallen. Because we freely love. Worthy of sacred silence to be heard. Freely we serve. tell'st Hath passed in heaven. and constant thoughts assure though what thou . we never shall forget to love Our Maker. some doubt within me move. I have heard. for scarce the sun Hath finished half his journey. But more desire to hear.BOOK V. enthroned. After short pause assenting. The full relation. and scarce begins His other half in the great zone of heaven. than when hills Cherubic songs by night from neighboring Aerial music send nor knew I not : To Yet be both that will and deed created free. Divine instructor. who will but what they must By destiny.-533-566. and with more delighted ear. prime of men. our happy state Hold. as you yours. And so from Heaven to deepest Hell oh. and can no other choose ? Myself. if thou consent. without remorse. request and Raphael.J PARADISE LOST. and all the Angelic host that stand In sight of God. : Thus Adam made Sad task and hard : for how shall I relate To human Of sense the invisible exploits warring spirits ? how. oh. still my Assured me. thus began High matter thou enjoinest me.

\ [BOOK v. and what surmounts the reach sense. By whom in bliss embosomed sat the Son. as from a flaming mount. by imperial summons called. thus spake: Hear.128 PARADISE LOST. and for distinction serve Of Hierarchies. from all the ends of heaven. acts of zeal and love Recorded eminent. As may express them best. applied To motion.567-600. appeared Under their Hierarchs in orders bright. By likening spiritual to corporal forms. where earth now Upon her centre poised when on a day Each to other like. . . of Orders. Innumerable before the Almighty's throne Forthwith. Standards and gonfalons 'twixt van and rear Stream in the air. . glorious once ? And The Not This stood perfect while they lawful to reveal? is how last unfold secrets of another world. whose top Brightness had made invisible.. the empyreal host Of Angels. and future on such day As heaven's great year brings forth. past. rests though in eternity. I Of human shall delineate so. Ten thousand thousand ensigns high advanced. and things therein more than on earth is thought? As yet this world was not. and Chaos wild Reigned where these heavens now roll. and Degrees Or in their glittering tissues bear imblazed Holy memorials. measures all things durable time. progeny of light. all ye Angels. Amidst. the Father infinite. though what if earth Be but the shadow of heaven. The ruin of so man). perhaps Yet for thy good dispensed. Orb within orb. For By present. Thus when in orbs Of circuit inexpressible they stood.

when most irregular they seem. 601-634. set. . to Him shall bow All knees in heaven. We ours for change delectable not needForthwith from dance to sweet repast they turn All in circles as they stood. Tables are and on a sudden piled With angels' food and rubied nectar flows In pearl. his place Ordained without redemption.] PARADISE LOST. And in their motions harmony divine her charming tones. Eccentric. disobeys. and with his words seemed well pleased all seemed. Me disobeys. mazes intricate. For we have also Evening now approached our evening and our morn. which unrevoked shall stand. falls . and shall confess him Lord: At my right Under his great vicegerent reign abide United. and on this holy hill Him have anointed. as other solemn days. as one individual soul. yet regular Then most. 17 . without end. And by myself have sworn. For ever happy. that God's So smoothes own ear Listens delighted. but were not . Powers. Hear my decree. they spent In song and dance about the sacred hill Mystical dance. Princedoms. and of fixed. Dominations. 129 This day have begot whom I declare My only Son. your head I Him appoint. whom ye now behold I hand. All So spake the Omnipotent. breaks union and that day. all. That day. which yonder starry sphere Of planets. and massy gold. deep engulfed. Him who Into utter darkness. in all her wheels Resembles nearest. Desirous. Thrones.BOOK V. Virtues. Cast out from God and blessed vision. intervolved. in diamond.

the growth of heaven. Melodious hymns about the sovereign throne Alternate all night along. the face of brightest heaven had changed To grateful twilight. Wide over all the plain. In favour and pre-eminence.-6 35 -668. Fruit of delicious vines. not the Archangel. whence light and shade Spring both. who showered With copious hand. great in power. Celestial tabernacles. Deep malice thence conceiving and disdain. and in communion sweet immortality and joy. [BOOK V. veil. all this Pavilions numberless. king anointed.I30 PARADISE LOST. before the all-bounteous King. Dispersed in bands and files. Such are the courts of God. Soon as midnight brought on the dusky hour Friendliest to sleep and silence. secure Of surfeit. Now when ambrosial night with clouds exhaled From that high mount of God. But not so waked Satan Is If him now. who. rejoicing in their joy. his former name heard no more in heaven. and with fresh flowerets crowned They Quaff eat. and thought himself impaired. and proclaimed Messiah. and wider far Than globous earth in plain outspread. that day Honoured by his great Father. for night comes not there In darker and roseate dews disposed All but the unsleeping eyes of God to rest. their camp extend By living streams among the trees of life. On flowers reposed. in their course. yet fraught With envy against the Son of God. He of the so call first first. they drink. could not bear Through pride that sight. the angelic throng. and sudden reared. he resolved . where they slept Fanned with cool winds save those. where full measure only bounds Excess.

Homeward. V. Now ere dim night had disencumbered heaven. the chief. The great hierarchal standard was to move .] PARADISELOST. and infused influence into the unwary breast Intends to pass triumphant. Under him regent tells. Both waking we were one how then can now . The Who great Messiah. . and casts between . counsels. He together calls. Assemble thou. and give laws. Fit entertainment to receive our king. Tells the suggested cause. where we possess The quarters of the North there to prepare . . New In us laws from Him who new new minds may place raise who serve. to debate What doubtful may ensue more in this To utter is not safe. so late hath passed the lips Of heaven's Almighty ? Thou to me thy thoughts Was wont. unobeyed. as he was taught. Tell them all by command. the throne supreme. That the Most High commanding. their ere yet I dim night to haste. So spake Bad Of his associate. thus to him in secret spake ? : Steepest thou. Contemptuous and his next subordinate : Awakening. Her shadowy clouds withdraws. Or several one by one. With all 131 his legions to dislodge.BOOK. with flying march.-669-702. now ere night. and his new commands. Thy sleep dissent ? New laws thou seest imposed reigns. and leave Unworshipped. the regent powers. am And who under me banners wave. I mine to thee was wont to impart. Of all those myriads which that we lead. companion dear What sleep can close Thy eye-lids? and rememberest what decree Of yesterday. speedily through all the Hierarchies the false Archangel.

Ambiguous words and jealousies. Nearly it now concerns us to be sure Of our omnipotence. our hill. . with calm aspect and clear. serene. the Son. throughout the spacious North . to sound Or taint integrity. how spread Among the sons of morn. or our right. thou thy foes Justly hast in derision. His countenance. Meanwhile the eternal eye. With speed what This our high force is left. and. smiling. and high was his degree in heaven. saw without their light Rebellion rising. what multitudes Were banded And. lest unawares place. secure. Lightning divine. heir of all my might. In full to oppose his high decree. Not so In content. thou in whom my glory behold resplendence. who intends to erect his throne Equal to ours. Such a foe Is rising. and with lies LUOOK. hath in his thought to try what our power is.132 PARADISE LOST. we lose To whom our sanctuary. allured them. saw in whom. Made answer: Mighty Father. as the morning star that guides The starry flock. V . for great indeed His name.-703-736 Drew after him the third part of heaven's host. from forth his holy mount. And from within the golden lamps that burn Nightly before him. and with what arms We Of mean to hold what anciently we claim deity or empire. and all employ In our defence. Let us advise. But all obeyed The wonted signal and superior voice Of their great potentate. ineffable. to his only Son thus said: I Son. and to this hazard draw battle. whose sight discerns Abstrusest thoughts.

310.. 23 Comes this way moving ? . lines 309. what glorious shape Book y.Eastward among those trees.

. Una 468 470 . from whom Book : All things proceed. V. the winged Hierarch replied one Almighty is.To \vhgm O Adam.

with his powers. In imitation of that mount whereon Interpreted Messiah was declared in sight of heaven. Affecting all equality with God. Matter to me of glory. and rocks The palace of great Lucifer so call That structure in the dialect of men which not long after. of the North his royal seat. Pretending so commanded to consult About the great reception of their king. 133 when I they see all regal power in Given me to quell their pride. Thither to come. the sea. In their triple degrees regions. whom their hate Illustrates. far blazing. or be found the worst the but Satan. and Potentates. is no more Than what And all garden is to all the earth. all he assembled his train. Laugh'st at their vain designs and tumults vain. The Mountain For thither of the Congregation called. High on a hill. So spake Son Innumerable as the stars of night. 737-77I-] PARADISE LOST.BOOK V. and event Know Thy whether be dextrous to subdue in heaven. and with calumnious art Of counterfeited truth thus held their ears." which having passed. . Or morning dewdrops which the sun Impearls on every leaf and every flower. Far was advanced on winged speed a host : . the mighty Regencies Of Seraphim. as a mount of gold Raised on a mount. with pyramids and towers From diamond quarries hewn. he. Adam. rebels. and Thrones. from one entire globose this Stretched into longitude At length into the limits They came and Satan to . to which All thy dominion. stars of Regions they passed.

if I trust To know ye right. and hurried meeting here. prostration vile! Too much But what to one. This only to consult. or if ye know yourselves Natives and sons of heaven. Princedoms. possessed before By none: and if not equal all. Of King anointed. but to his double how endured To one and if image now proclaimed? might erect better counsels Our minds. these magnific titles yet remain titular. and us to himself eclipsed. which assert Our being ordained to govern. not to serve. and choose to bend The supple knee? Ye will not. then. Equally free Jar not with . and teach us to cast off this yoke? Will ye submit your necks. for orders liberty. to the abuse less for this to Of those imperial titles. Virtues. If Thrones. Powers. yet free. but well consist.77 2-805. Dominations. Or us. and degrees right. Who can in reason... Not merely since by decree engrossed under the name Another now hath All power. for whom all this haste Of midnight march. adoration. than whom none with more zeal adored . Receive him coming to receive from us Knee-tribute yet unpaid. [BOOK v.how we may best. can introduce Law and Err not? edict on who without law much And look for be our Lord. Thus far his bold discourse without control Had audience: when among the seraphim Abdiel. 34 PARADISE LOST. With what may be devised of honours new. or assume Monarchy over such as live by right His equals? If in power and splendour In freedom equal ? less.

pronounced and sworn That to his only Son. and degrees. by experience taught. dost thou count.BOOK V. . by right endued every soul in heaven Shall bend the knee. and in a flame of zeal severe : current of his fury thus opposed Oh. And One equal over equals to let reign. and circumscribed their being? Yet. begotten Son. Shalt thou give law to God ? Shalt thou dispute With Him the points of liberty. 135 Stood and divine commands obeyed. With regal sceptre. who made Thee what thou art. by whom As by his word.-8o6-839. to their glory named . and proud! Words which no ear ever to hear in Heaven Expected. to bind with laws the free. The The Deity. we know how good. By him created in their bright Crowned them with glory. the mighty Father made All things.] PARADISE LOST. under one head more near it But to grant thee unjust. : That equal over equals monarch reign Thyself. and in that honour due Confess him rightful king ? Unjust. ingrate. state. even thee and all the Spirits of heaven Equal to Him . though great and glorious. false. over all with unsucceeded power. up. And of our good and of our dignity How To how far from thought provident he is make us less bent rather to exalt . thou Flatly unjust. In place thyself so high above thy peers. Our happy United. and formed the Powers of heaven Such as he pleased. say'st. argument blasphemous. Canst thou with impious obloquy condemn The just decree of God. Or all angelic nature joined in one. least of all from thee.

while the We know no time when we were Rememberest thou Maker gave thee being? ? not as now. While pardon may be found in time besought. Hoarse murmur echoed to his words applause . Powers ?Essential Powers. by proof to try . tempt not these: but hasten to appease incensed Father and the incensed Son. more haughty. and. Virtues. These tidings carry to the anointed King. nor by his reign obscured. this impious rage. Know Had none before us. when fatal course circled his full orb. as the sound of waters deep. And The Cease. then. Our puissance is our own our own right hand : Shall teach us highest deeds. the birth mature Of this our native Heaven. ere evil intercept thy flight. Dominations. None seconded. self-begot. Who saw : When this creation was Thy making. Princedoms. Or singular and rash. Who Then thou shalt behold Whether by supplication we intend is our equal. and the work Of secondary hands. 840-873- Thrones. thus replied That we were formed then say'st thou. all honour to him done illustrious Returns our own.136 PARADISE LOST. This report. self-raised By our own quickening power. by task transferred From Father to his Son? strange point and new! Doctrine which we would know whence learned. and. whereat rejoiced The Apostate. But more made. L UoOK v. He said. as out of season judged. Address. and to begirt the Almighty throne Beseeching or besieging. One of our number thus reduced becomes. His law our laws. So spake the fervent Angel but his zeal . since He the head. ethereal sons. And fly.

And with retorted scorn. which he sustained Superior. His thunder on thy head. When who can uncreate thee thou shalt know. I Thy disobedience. So spake the Seraph Abdiel. innumerable false. ranging into sudden flame.] PARADISE LOST. Encompassed round with foes. Will not be Those indulgent laws . Distinguish not for soon expect to feel . or hostile scorn. His loyalty he kept. fearless.proud towers to swift destruction doomed.BOOK. Then who created thee lamenting learn. Against thee are gone forth without recall That golden sceptre which thou didst reject Is now an iron rod to bruise and break didst advise. Forsaken of good ! I see thy fall Determined. though alone. From amidst them forth he passed. devouring fire. V. contagion spread Both of thy crime and punishment. all O spirit accursed. unterrified.-8 74-907. faithful found Among Among the faithless. Through the The flaming infinite host: 137 nor less for that seraph. Nor number nor example with him wrought To swerve from Though single. his back he turned On 18 those . thus answered bold: O alienate from God. Long way through change his constant mind. Well thou Yet not for thy advice or threats fly These wicked tents devoted. his . faithful only he . . and thy hapless crew involved In this perfidious fraud. unmoved. truth. nor of violence feared aught. unseduced. hds love. now vouchsafed other decrees . Henceforth No more be troubled how to quit the yoke Of God's Messiah. zeal Unshaken. lest the wrath Impendent.

and fiery steeds. though darkness there might well twilight here: and now went forth the Morn in highest . : had reserved the glory of that victory He. towards the wall of heaven . war in procinct. put Michael and his angels to some disorder. that one. pursues them. coming to the place. God. ment prepared for them in the deep : Messiah returns with triumph to his Father. sends Messiah his Son. they leap down with horror and confusion into the place of punishresist. in perpetual and darkness round Lodge and dislodge by turns. and found Already known what he for news had thought War To*have reported: gladly then he mixed Among those friendly powers. overwhelm force and machines of Satan yet the tumult not so ending. unable to which opening. pulling up mountains. till Morn. which makes through heaven Grateful vicissitude. till her hour To veil the Seem heaven. Such as Lmpyreal Shot through with orient beams. . heaven. but they at length. Light issues forth. with rosy hand light. AJL Where night the dreadless angel unpursued Through heaven's wide champain held his way. arrayed in gold from before her vanished Night. like day and night. and flaming arms. fast by his throne. 138 .BOOK RAPHAEL continues to relate : VI. which. Unbarred the gates of \Yithin the light There is a cave mount of God. how Michael and retire described powers both the day's fight. Chariots. in the power of his Father. who him received With joy and acclamations loud. and at the other door Obsequious darkness enters. Covered with thick embattled squadrons bright. in the second . The first fight he calls a council invents devilish engines. when all the plain. and causing all his legions to stand still on either side. for whom he : Satan and his under night Gabriel were sent forth to battle against Satan and his angels. on the third day. Reflecting blaze on blaze first met his view: he perceived. with his chariot and thunder driving into the midst of his enemies. Waked by the circling hours.

The better fight. That of so many myriads fallen. them with fire and hostile arms Fearless assault. in word mightier than they in arms. Michael. far worse to bear Than violence for this was all thy care. To stand approved in sight of God. and. Judged thee perverse. aided by this host of friends. for fight. their and to subdue law refuse. and smoke to roll began . thousands and by millions ranged Equal in number to that godless crew Rebellious . of celestial armies prince. lead forth my armed saints. which ready opens wide His fiery chaos to receive their fall. to the brow of. heaven Pursuing. depart. who reason for Right reason Messiah. for their law. the gulf Of Tartarus.BOOK VI. and present Before the seat supreme from whence a voice. thus mild was heard Servant of God. and clouds the hill. The easier conquest now Remains thee. Go. *On to the sacred hill 139 They him high applauded. So spake To darken all the Sovereign Voice. Gabriel. yet one Returned not lost. And for the testimony of truth hast borne Universal reproach.-24-57-] PARADISE LOST. lead forth to battle these my sons Invincible. : . drive them out from God and bliss Into their place of punishment. who single hast maintained Against revolted multitudes the cause Of truth. and for their king who by right of merit reigns. though worlds . And thou in military prowess next. well done well hast thou fought led . Back on thy foes more glorious to return. By. Than scorned thou didst By force. From 'midst a golden cloud.

nor stream. or by surprise.. [BOOK VI. and helmets thronged. nearer view. and many a tract a province wide. to receive birds. for Their march was. The banded powers of Satan hasting on With furious expedition . the proud Aspirer. and. that breathed Heroic ardour to adventurous deeds Under their godlike leaders.PARADISE LOST. so over Of heaven they many marched. reluctant flames. Came. in the cause Of God and his Messiah. Far in the horizon to the North. but their thoughts proved fond and vain In the mid-way. and the passive Their nimble tread. the sign Of wrath awaked nor with less dread the loud . At last. As when the wood. Bristled with upright beams innumerable Of rigid spears. by fight. to the sound Of instrumental harmony. moved on In silence their bright legions. for they weened That self-same day. mighty quadrate joined Of union irresistible. nor Their perfect ranks. nor obvious hill. To win the mount of God. appeared From skirt to skirt a fiery region stretched In battailous aspect. in Of Their names of thee. summoned over Eden. Tenfold the length of this terrene. with boastful argument portrayed. and shields Various. Ethereal trumpet from on high 'gan blow: At which command That stood for the powers militant. in Heaven. and on His throne To set the envier of his state. Though strange to us it seemed . On they move Indissolubly firm. Nor straitening vale. divides high above the ground air upbore kind total orderly array on wing. In dusky wreaths.5 8-9i.

line i8S.This greeting on thy impious crest receive. .. Book VI.

Then Satan first knew fro. And writhed him to and Hoot VI.. . pain. lines 3^7. 328.

where faith and realty Remain not! Wherefore should not strength and might There fail where virtue fails ? or weakest prove Where I boldest. His puissance. Satan. A On dreadful interval. 'Twixt host and host but narrow space was left. and rushing sound Of onset ended soon each milder thought. for now . and front to front Presented stood in terrible array Of hideous length. At Angel should with Angel war. yet so Most reason is that reason overcome. bent on highest deeds. Unsound and false. the rough Abdiel that sight endured not. armed in adamant and gold. Should win in Almighty's whose reason I have tried arms. who in debate of truth hath won. where he stood Among the mightiest. though brutish that contest and foul. enclosed sat. trusting mean to try. . Hymning the Eternal Father. and golden shields Then lighted from his gorgeous throne. And thus his own undaunted ! O Heaven heart explores that such resemblance of the Highest : Should yet remain. And in fierce hosting meet. Nor is it aught but just That he. edge of battle ere it joined. When reason hath to deal with force. With flaming cherubim. with vast and haughty strides advanced.-92-I26. as sons of one great Sire. Before the cloudy van. though to sight in the unconquerable? aid.BOOK VI. High in the midst. in both disputes alike Victor. who wont to meet So oft in festivals of joy and love first. Came towering. exalted as a god. The Apostate in his sun-bright chariot Idol of majesty divine. But the shout Of battle now began.] PARADISE LOST. 141 that Unanimous.

But well thou com'st Before thy fellows. But thou seest All are not of thy train Prefer. seditious Angel! to receive Thy Of merited reward. could have finished thee. half-way he met His daring foe. or with solitary hand Reaching beyond all limit. From all my Now learn too late err. can allow Omnipotence to none. Unaided. to God. while they feel Vigour divine within them. Their deities to assert who.I42 PARADISE LOST. of God unguarded. with scornful eye askance. art thou met ? Thy hope was to have reached The height The throne Abandoned. though then To thee not visible. armed peers Forth stepping opposite. without end. 111 Thus answered: Of my revenge. durst oppose third part of the gods. and Fool ! his side at the terror of thy power Or potent tongue. in synod met . and thus securely him defied L B K Vi. . and from his : Proud. not to think how . vain Against the Omnipotent to rise in arms Who out of smallest things. at this prevention more Incensed. but in wished hour for. and whelmed Thy legions under darkness. of thy aspiring unopposed. the assay since first this right hand provoked. Whom the grand foe. A Inspired with contradiction. How few sometimes may know. at one blow.-i2 7 -i6o So pondering. who faith and piety in thy . could. when I alone Seemed world erroneous to dissent sect thou seest. Have raised incessant armies to defeat Thy folly. ambitious to win . that tongue. when thousands for thee. first sought first thou returnest From flight. there be.

This pause between- Unanswered lest thou boast to let thee know. that thy success may show Destruction to the rest. Minist'ring spirits. . At first I thought that liberty and heaven To heavenly souls had been all one. as erst thou saidst. expect : From me returned. a noble stroke he lifted high. but so swift with Such ruin intercept. In Heaven God ever-blest. trained up in feast and song: Such hast thou armed. Nor motion of swift thought. Reign thou in Hell. Of Or servitude. and His divine meanwhile. Behests obey. This is servitude. in brief thus Abdiel stern replied: thou err'st. as thine free. that no sight. So saying. Yet chains in hell. still nor end wilt find from the path of truth remote. from flight. to serve whom God ordains. not. Unjustly thou deprav'st it with the name erring. not realms. Ten paces huge He back recoiled. This greeting on thy impious crest receive. 143 From me some plume. Servility with As both Apostate their To whom ! freedom to contend.-i6i-i94. When he who rules is worthiest and excels nature. but to thyself inthralled Yet lewdly dar'st our minist'ring upbraid. less could his shield. worthiest to be obeyed. now serve thee. the minstrelsy of heaven. but now I see that most through sloth had rather serve. thy kingdom let me serve . deeds compared this day shall prove.j PARADISE LOST. the tenth on bended knee . unwise or him who hath rebelled his worthier. Them whom To serve the Against Thyself not he governs. Of God and nature bid the same.BOOK Vi. Which hung tempest fell On the proud crest of Satan.

overhead the dismal hiss Of fiery darts in flaming volleys flew. Half sunk with all his pines. and had earth been then. with ruinous assault inextinguishable rage. All heaven Resounded. Of brazen chariots raged dire was the noise Of conflict. or waters forcing way. and disturb. arms on armour clashing brayed Horrible discord. and fierce desire Of battle whereat Michael bid sound . to see Thus foiled their mightiest ours joy filled. Had not the Eternal King Omnipotent. the least of whom could wield These elements. So under cope together rushed Both battles main. and arm him with the force Of all their regions. Amazement seized The rebel thrones. their happy native seat. all earth Had to her centre shook. What wonder? when And Millions of fierce encountering angels fought On either side. and the faithful armies rung Heaven Hosanna to the Highest: nor stood at gaze The adverse legions.I44 PARADISE LOST. From his strong hold of heaven. And flying vaulted either host with fiery fire. but greater rage. And clamour. The archangel It trumpet. Now storming fury rose. high overruled . Through the vast of sounded. shout. -195-228. and the madding wheels . How much more of power Army against army numberless to raise Dreadful combustion warring. Sidelong had pushed a mountain from his seat. [BOOK VI. such as heard in heaven till now Was never. nor less hideous joined The horrid shock. Presage of victory. His massy spear upstaid as if on earth Winds under ground. Though not destroy. and .

Now Night her course began. line 406.. Book VI. .

28 On the foughten field Michael and his angels. placed in guard their watches round. Book VI. lines 410-412. .. prevalent Encamping.

with huge two-handed sway aloft. No thought of None of retreat. and when to close The ridges of grim war. as hoping here to end Intestine war in heaven. single as in chief. Tormented all the air. Long till time in even scale The battle hung. . with hostile frown And visage all inflamed. Deeds of eternal fame Were done. soaring on main wing. at length Saw where the sword of Michael smote. and various sometimes on firm ground A standing fight. then. open when.BOOK VI. who that day in Prodigious power had shown. expert .] PARADISE LOST. captive dragged in chains. or turn the sway flight. though 145 numbered such. but infinite for wide was spread . Satan. first thus began : Or Author of evil unknown till thy revolt. Wide-wasting. all air seemed then . As only in his arm the moment lay Of victory. ranging through the dire attack fighting seraphim confused. yet leader seemed Each warrior. no unbecoming deed That argued fear. At approach The great Archangel from his warlike toil Surceased. the horrid edge came down Such destruction to withstand He Of hasted. limited their might. and felled Squadrons Brandished at once . Of battle. 229-262. his shield. the arch-foe subdued. That war. A vast circumference. each on himself relied. and opposed the rocky orb ample his tenfold adamant. and glad. Conflicting fire. or stand. in strength each armed hand A legion led in fight. and met arms No Of equal. As each divided legion might have seemed A numerous host. And When to advance.



[BOOK VI.-263- 296.



plenteous, as thou seest

acts of hateful strife, hateful to



by just measure, on thyself


thy adherents; how hast thou disturbed Heaven's blessed peace, and into nature brought

Misery, uncreated

the crime

Of thy

rebellion ?


hast thou instilled


And To trouble holy rest. Heaven casts From all her confines. Heaven, the
Brooks not the works
Hence, then, and

malice into thousands, once upright But think not here faithful, now proved false?
thee out
seat of bliss,

'of violence

and war.

go with thee along,

Thy offspring, to the place Thou and thy wicked crew


there mingle broils,

avenging sword begin thy doom, Or some more sudden vengeance, winged from God,
Precipitate thee with



So spake

The Of airy threats to awe whom yet with deeds Thou canst not. Hast thou turned the least

the prince of Angels to whom thus Adversary: Nor think thou with wind

of these


but that they rise Unvanquished, easier to transact with me, That thou shouldst hope, imperious, and with threats To chase me hence? Err not that so shall end




The strife which thou call'st evil, but we style The strife of glory; which we mean to win, Or turn this Heaven itself into the Hell Thou fablest: here, however, to dwell free,

not to reign.

Meanwhile thy utmost



Him named Almighty

to thy aid,


but have sought thee far and nigh. ended and both addressed for fight They parle,






who, though with the tongue


angels, can relate, or to

what things

Liken on earth conspicuous, that may Human imagination to such height

Of godlike power ?

for likest

gods they seemed,
motion, arms,

Stood they or moved,

in stature,

Fit to decide the empire of great Heaven, Now waved their fiery swords, and in the air


horrid circles


two broad suns

their shields

Blazed opposite, while Expectation stood In horror. From each hand with speed retired,

Where erst was thickest fight, the And left large field, unsafe within
Of such commotion

angelic throng, the wind

as, to

set forth

Great things by small,

Nature's concord broke,

Among the constellations war were sprung, Two planets, rushing from aspect malign
fiercest opposition,

mid sky

Should combat, and

their jarring spheres confound.

Together both, with next to almighty arm Uplifted imminent, one stroke they aimed That might determine, and not need repeat,

As not

of power at once nor odds appeared But the sword In might or swift prevention.

Of Michael, from the armoury of God, Was given him tempered so, that neither keen Nor solid might resist that edge: it met The sword of Satan, with steep force to smite
Descending, and in half cut sheer; nor stayed, But with swift wheel reverse, deep entering, shared
All his right side; then Satan first knew pain, And writhed him to and fro convolved so sore


griding sword with discontinuous wound Passed through him. But the ethereal substance closed,


Not long

[BOOK VI.-3 3 i- 364.

and from the gash


stream of nect'rous


issuing flowed,

Sanguine, such as

celestial spirits







stained, erewhile so bright.

Forthwith, on

sides, to his aid

was run

angels many and strong, who interposed Defence, while others bore him on their shields
to his chariot,
off the files


of war.


stood retired

There they him laid Gnashing for anguish, and despite, and shame, To find himself not matchless, and his pride


Humbled by such

rebuke, so far beneath

His confidence to equal Yet soon he healed for




spirits that live throughout

Vital in every part, not as


In entrails, heart, or head, liver or reins,

Cannot but by annihilating



in their liquid texture mortal


Receive, no

more than can

the fluid

All heart they


eye, all ear,

All' intellect, all sense; and, as they please,

They limb themselves, and colour, shape, Assume, as likes them best, condense or

or size

Meanwhile, in other parts, like deeds deserved Memorial, where the might of Gabriel fought,


with fierce ensigns pierced the deep array
furious king,

Of Moloch,

who him


drag him bound Threatened, nor from the Holy One of heaven
at his chariqt- wheels to

Refrain his tongue blasphemous but anon, Down cloven to the waist, with shattered arms,


uncouth pain, Uriel and Raphael,

fled bellowing.


each wing,





huge, and in a rock of diamond armed,

BOOK VI.-36S-398.]



Vanquished Adramelech and Asmadai,


potent thrones, that to be less than gods Disdained, but meaner thoughts learned in their flight Mangled with ghastly wounds through plate and mail.

Nor stood unmindful Abdiel to annoy The atheist crew, but with redoubled blow,

and Arioch, and the violence Of Ramiel, scorched and blasted, overthrew.


relate of thousands,




Eternise here on earth

but those elect

Angels, contented with their fame in Heaven, Seek not the praise of men the other sort,

In might though wondrous, and in acts of war, Nor of renown less eager, yet by doom

Cancelled from Heaven and sacred memory, Nameless in dark oblivion let them dwell.

For strength from

truth divided,

and from


Illaudable, nought merits but dispraise


ignominy; yet to g^ory aspires, Vain-glorious, and through ignominy seeks fame; Therefore eternal silence be their doom.

now, their mightiest quelled, the battle swerved, With many an inroad gored deformed rout


ground With shivered armour strown, and on a heap Chariot and charioteer lay overturned,

Entered, and foul disorder;




fiery-foaming steeds what stood, recoiled, O'er-wearied, through the faint Satanic host,

Defensive scarce, or with pale fear surprised, Then first with fear surprised, and sense of pain,

Fled ignominious,





sin of disobedience;


brought that hour

liable to fear, or flight, or pain.

Far otherwise the inviolable Saints,

In cubic phalanx firm advanced entire,

[BOOK vi.- 399-432

Invulnerable, impenetrably armed.

Such high advantages their innocence Gave them above their foes not to have sinned, Not to have disobeyed in fight they stood Unwearied, unobnoxious to be pained By wound, though from their place by violence moved.
; ;


Night her course began, and, over heaven

Inducing darkness, grateful truce imposed, And silence on the odious din of war.

Under her cloudy covert both retired, Victor and vanquished. On the foughten
Michael and his angels, prevalent


guard their watches round Cherubic waving fires: on the other part, Satan with his rebellious disappeared,

Encamping, placed



in the

dark dislodged


and, void of


His potentates to council called by night, And in the midst thus undismayed began


Oh now




now known



Not to be overpowered, companions dear, Found worthy not of liberty alone, Too mean pretence! but, what we more affect, Honour, dominion, glory, and renown


have sustained one day, in doubtful fight And if one day, why not eternal days ? What heaven's Lord had powerfulest to send
Against us from about his throne, and judged Sufficient to subdue us to his will,

But proves not so: then






we may deem

him. though,

now, armed,

Omniscient thought.


less firmly

Some disadvantage we endured, and pain, Till now not known, but, known, as soon contemned;

BOOK. VI.-433-466.]

now we
find this our



empyreal form

Incapable of mortal injury,
Imperishable, and, though pierced with wound, Soon closing, and by native vigour healed.

Of evil, then, so small, as easy think The remedy. Perhaps more valid arms, Weapons more violent, when next we meet,


serve to better us, and worse our foes,
the odds,

Or equal what between us made
In nature none.

other hidden cause


superior, while


can preserve

Unhurt our minds, and understanding sound, Due search and consultation will disclose.





in the

assembly next upstood
cruel fight,

Nisroch, of principalities the prime.

As one he stood escaped from
toiled, his riven



havoc hewn,

And, cloudy-

in aspect, thus

answering spake

Deliverer from


Lords, leader to free

Enjoyment of our rights as Gods yet hard For Gods, and too unequal work we find,
Against unequal arms, to
fight in pain,

Against unpained, impassive from which evil Ruin must needs ensue. For what avails

Valour or strength, though matchless, quelled with pain Which all subdues, and makes remiss the hands

Sense of pleasure we may well Spare out of life, perhaps, and not repine, But live content, which is the calmest life;

Of mightiest?

But pain


perfect misery, the worst



and, excessive, overturns

All patience.


who, therefore, can invent

With what more forcible we may offend Our yet unwounded enemies, or arm


Ourselves with
like defence,

[BOOK VI.- 467 -Soo.





less than for deliverance

what we owe.

Whereto, with look composed, Satan replied Not uninvented that, which thou aright Believest so main to our success, I bring.

Which of us who beholds the bright Of this ethereous mould whereon we
plant, fruit, flower ambrosial,


This continent of spacious heaven, adorned

gems, and gold;


eye so superficially surveys These things, as not to mind from whence they grow, Deep under ground, materials dark and crude,

Of spiritous and fiery spume; till touched With heaven's ray, and tempered, they shoot So beauteous, opening to the ambient light?
These, in their dark nativity, the deep Shall yield us, pregnant with infernal flame;



into hollow engines, long

and round,

Thick-rammed, at the other bore with touch of Dilated and infuriate, shall send forth
with thundering noise, among our Such implements of mischief, as shall dash




and o'erwhelm, whatever stands Adverse, that they shall fear we have disarmed The Thunderer of His only dreaded bolt.

Nor long


be our labour:

yet, ere


Effect shall

end our wish.
to strength

Meanwhile revive



and counsel joined
to be despaired.

Think nothing hard, much less He ended and his words

drooping cheer

Enlightened, and their languished hope revived The invention all admired, and each how he


seemed Once found, which yet unfound most would have thought

be the inventor missed

so easy


rose the victor-angels. Were Wide The ready: in a moment up they turned the celestial soil. on Like instrument to plague the sons of men For sin.BOOK VL-soi-534.] PARADISE LOST. and in order set. art. and saw beneath originals of nature in their crude . . battalion. and to arms The matin trumpet sung. Under spread But firm moving nigh. with subtle Concocted and adusted. refulgent host. with speediest . Soon banded others from the dawning hills Looked round. Yet. haply. of thy race. under conscious night. With silent circumspection. fair Now when Up Morn orient in heaven appeared. In future days. ensigns. . Provide. they reduced . Forthwith from council to the work they flew. scour Each quarter. light-armed. Back. Impossible. intent mischief. So all. and scouts each coast. pernicious with one touch to fire. if malice should abound. and into store conveyed. to descry the distant foe. might devise one. Secret they finished. in arms they stood Of golden panoply. None arguing stood innumerable hands . Where lodged. Him soon they met. in slow sail. Conception sulphurous and nitrous foam They found they mingled. ere day-spring. and. 153 Some With or inspired devilish machination. unespied. Part hidden veins digged up (nor hath this earth Entrails unlike) of mineral and stone. on war and mutual slaughter bent. their balls Whereof to found their engines and Of missive ruin part incentive reed . To blackest grain. or whither fled or if for fight In motion or in halt.

Training his devilish enginery. the foe in Approaching gross and huge.5 68. hollow cube. who appointed stand. but suddenly at head appeared Satan. in Arm. for this day pour down.-5 3 5. with heavy pace. and secure. aloud thus cried arm for fight. and soon impediment. they took alarm. to right and left the front unfold. and. if like Our But overture. and scoffing in briefly all touch What we So propound. And onward moved embattled when. Do as you have in charge. Zophiel. witness heaven! Ye. mid air. how we they seek Peace and composure. [BOOK VI. Came flying. behold : In order. without disturb. gripe fast his orbed shield. he scarce . This day. However. aware themselves. If I conjecture aught. Let each His adamantine coat gird well.PARADISE LOST. and settled in his face I see fled we Sad resolution. witness thou anon. ambiguous words. But rattling storm of arrows barbed with fire. quit of all ! Not distant far. will save us long pursuit. : Whom thought. no drizzling shower. fear not his flight. that may hear. To hide the fraud. That all may see who hate us. warriors. while we discharge Freely our part. and each will Fit well his helm. Heaven. and thus was heard commanding loud : Vanguard. So warned he them. At interview both stood Awhile. The foe at hand. Borne even or high. Instant. of cherubim the swiftest wing. and with open breast Stand ready to receive them. that I and turn not back perverse: doubt. impaled On every side with shadowing squadrons deep. and loud. so thick a cloud He comes.

wheels With branches or mountain felled). and to either flank retired Which to our eyes discovered. What should they do ? If on they rushed. with such impetuous fury smote. but down they fell By thousands. Not Put long. Immediate. .BOOK VI. Nor served it to relax their serried files. had not their mouths With hideous orifice gaped on us wide. and in his hand a reed Stood waving. The sooner for their arms unarmed. At each. all heaven appeared. 155 Had when to right and left : the front Divided. to a and those deep-throated engines belched. (for like to pillars new and strange. stony mould. Angel on Archangel rolled. would render them yet more despised. their reeds forth. Brass. tipt with fire while we. . . Collected stood. as spirits. evaded swift By quick contraction or remove but now . Foul dissipation followed. But soon obscured with smoke. ended. chained thunderbolts and hail all iron globes . 569-602. A On triple mounted row of pillars. all at once. and indecent overthrow Doubled. laid most they seemed. on the victor host Levelled. repulse Repeated.] PARADISE LOST. behind. whose roar Embowelled with outrageous noise the air. iron. none on their feet might stand. suspense. within our thoughts amused. lopt. narrow vent applied With nicest touch. From And Of her entrails tore. for sudden. in a flame. Or hollowed bodies made of oak or fir. Though standing else as rocks. disgorging foul Their devilish glut. in wood Portending hollow truce. which. and forced rout . A seraph stood. That whom they hit. they might Have easily.

for in [BOOK vi. Had need from head amused them all. and of his thunder made a scorn.I5 6 PARADISE LOST. To match with their inventions they presumed So easy. . should compel them to a quick result. offered peace. and when we. our proposals once again were heard. . . They show us when our foes walk not upright. straight they changed their minds. As they would dance. Yet for a dance they seemed Somewhat extravagant and wild perhaps. in like gamesome mood: Leader. But I To whom Of thus Belial. And to their foes a laughter. this gift they have besides. Who receives them right. Eternal Might scoffing. fit Against such hellish mischief to oppose. To entertain them And breast. And to his mates thus ! called : O friends why come fierce fair not on these victors proud ? Erewhile they were coming. 603-636. view Stood ranked of seraphim another row. Flew off. For joy of If We suppose. And all his host derided. and into strange vagaries fell. as we Such we might perceive And stumbled many. In posture to displode their second tire Of thunder: back They worse defeated to return abhorred. and found them arms in trouble. to foot well understand Not understood. while they stood Awhile But they stood not long. and full of force urged home. Rage prompted them at length. the terms sent were terms of weight. what with open front could we more? propounded terms Of composition. Satan beheld their in derision plight. So they among themselves in pleasant vein Stood heightened in their thoughts beyond All doubt of victory. hard contents.

though spirits of purest light. Long struggling underneath. Purest at first. and oppressed whole legions armed. Rocks. and terror. now gross by sinning grown. in imitation. next. and many a dolorous groan. Of They plucked the seated hills. woods. That under ground they fought in dismal shade. Be sure. behold the excellence. waters. When coming towards them so dread they saw The bottom of the mountains upward turned. with ruin overspread. to like arms Betook them. From their foundations loosening to and fro. the power. Till on those cursed engines' triple row They saw them whelmed. and by the shaggy tops Amaze.BOOK VI . which in the air Came shadowing. and to the For earth hath this variety from heaven pleasure situate in hill and dale. and all their confidence Under the weight of mountains buried deep.] PARADISE LOST. crushed in and bruised Into their substance pent. The rest. Themselves invaded and on their heads Main promontories flung. hath in his mighty angels placed! hills 157 Forthwith Which God Their arms away they threw. and the neighbouring hills uptore: So hills amid the air encountered hills.-637-670. seized the rebel host. war seemed a civil game Infernal noise ! To this Upon uproar: horrid confusion heaped confusion rose. Their armour helped their harm. Hurled to and fro with jaculation dire. they ran. bore them in their hands. they flew. Light as the lightning glimpse. ere they could wind Out of such prison. with all their load. Had gone . Uplifting. And now all heaven to wrack. which wrought them pain Implacable.

not the Almighty Father. as with weapons. the third For thee I have ordained it. for I them.-6 7 -7<H. Two days. armed which makes Wild work in heaven. foreseen This tumult. advised . Had Consulting on the sum of things. Whence to his : Son. That his great his To honour Upon All purpose he might so fulfil. Into thee such virtue and grace Immense I have transfused. As For likeliest was. since none but Thou Can end it. and thus is Thine. far Have suffered. that the glory may be thine Of ending this great war. Whence in perpetual fight they needs must last Endless. where He sits Shrined in his sanctuary of heaven secure. and permitted all. and to declare power on Him transferred. that all may know . and no solution will be found. anointed Son avenged his enemies. left suspend their doom . past. as we compute the days of heaven. [Boo* VI. when two such I foes met armed : to themselves Equal in their Save what sin hath impaired. War And wearied hath performed what war can do. creation they were formed. Two days are therefore past. Son beloved. which yet hath wrought Insensibly. and thou knowest. he thus began Effulgence of my glory.I5 8 PARADISE LOST. The Son. assessor of his throne. Sore hath been their fight. . Since Michael and his powers went forth to tame These disobedient. to disordered rage let loose the reins. in whose face invisible I is beheld Visibly what by Deity am. and dangerous to the main. I And whose hand what by decree Second Omnipotence two days are in ! do. With mountains.

and on his Son with full . Highest. thou always seek'st glorify thy is Son and I always Thee. Pursue these sons of darkness. Ascend my chariot. Holiest. . This my glory account. thou lovest: whom of thou hatest. : . rebelled. and in me all I whom hate. bring forth all my war. thy giving. I most just. thy deserved right. thus the filial O To As Father. rid heaven of these To their prepared ill mansion driven down. his anointed King. . Ineffably into his face received I And First. guide the rapid wheels That shake heaven's basis. heaven's bounds into the utter deep. shalt be all in all. . Go. let them learn. in thy Father's might. which to fulfil is all my bliss. when and I end in Thee ever. and Messiah. Sceptre and power. as likes He Shone said. then. Best. will My exaltation. in me well pleased. in the And Thou For But gladlier shall resign. 159 In Heaven and Hell thy power above compare. And this perverse commotion governed To manifest Thee worthiest to be Heir Of all . my almighty arms and sword upon thy puissant thigh. rays direct full He all his Father expressed. and thunder. to despise God.-705-738. Image Thee in all things and shall soon. as I put thy mildness on. thou Mightiest. O Godhead answering spake Supreme of heavenly Thrones.] PARADISE LOST. and can put on Thy terrrors. my whole That thou. thus. Armed with thy might. delight. I assume. drive them out From There all them. declarest thy Fulfilled. My bow Gird on.BOOK VI. By things to be Heir and to be King sacred unction.

He. Hymns of high praise. shall thy saints. eagle-winged hand Victory beside him hung his bow . with eyes the wheels . Of smoke. in celestial Ascended. wheel within wheel undrawn. were seen. Itself instinct with spirit. work divinely wrought. Four faces each stars. and the undying worm. their bodies all.i6o PARADISE LOST. That from thy just obedience could revolt. And And quiver with three-bolted thunder stored from about him fierce effusion rolled and sparkles Attended with ten thousand thousand saints. in sapphire throned. Sat. and bickering dire: He onward came. but convoyed By four cherubic shapes. Chariots of God. Had wondrous as with . To Whom Then to obey is happiness entire. Of beryl. So said. and colours of the showery arch. at his right . inlaid with pure Amber. the crystalline sky. rose From the right hand of glory where he sat. unmixed. panoply all armed Of radiant Urim. Forth rushed with whirlwind sound The chariot of Paternal Deity.-739-772. He On on the wings of cherub rode sublime. o'er his sceptre bowing. and I among them chief. Far off His coming shone And twenty thousand I their number heard . [BOOK vi. sapphire throne. And wings. chains of darkness. Unfeigned hallelujahs to Thee sing. flame. were set with eyes. And the third sacred morn began to shine. half on each hand. Flashing thick flames. and from the impure Far separate. Dawning through heaven. and careering fires between Over their heads a crystal firmament. . Whereon a He. circling thy holy mount.

Book .. line 871.Nine days they fell 29 VJ.

875.. Book VI. . lints 874.Hell at last. received them whole. Yawning.

. And as ye have received. : And to rebellious fight rallied their powers. by angels borne. hardened more by what might most Grieving to see His glory. Ye angels armed this day from battle rest. by force or fraud Weening to prosper. circumfused on either wing. Before him Power Divine his way prepared At his command the uprooted hills retired Each to his place. the great ensign of Messiah blazed . at the sight reclaim.1 to other hand belongs : . but stood obdured. Stand Accepted. but by his own them unexpected joy surprised.BOOK VI. fearless in his righteous cause . faint retreat all when on To his host still the great Son of God either hand thus spake : ye saints here stand. they heard His voice. ? Or wonders move. Faithful hath been your warfare. Stood re-embattled fierce. and of God in bright array. hope conceiving from despair! In heavenly spirits could such perverseness dwell But to convince the proud what signs avail. aspiring to His height. and went Obsequious Heaven its wonted face renewed And with fresh flow'rets hill and valley smiled. disdaining . . When Aloft. Insensate. Under their Head embodied all in one. The punishment 2.] PARADISE LOST. the obdurate to relent? They. and. 161 Illustrious far First seen . His sign in heaven Under whose conduct Michael soon reduced His army. 773-807. or to fall In universal ruin last: and now To Or final battle drew. But of this cursed crew Invincibly. and at length prevail Against God and Messiah. Took envy. . so have ye done. flight. This saw his hapless foes. and wide.

and behold God's indignation on these godless poured is His. stand only. Under his burning wheels The steadfast Empyrean shook throughout. appertain. Or I alone against them since by strength . and the orbs Of his fierce chariot rolled. and helms. Full soon Among them he arrived. in his right hand Grasping ten thousand thunders. They. And full of wrath bent on his enemies. Nor other strife with them do I vouchsafe. By me. All courage. they all. but me. down their idle weapons dropt. his will. All but the throne itself of God. as with the* sound Of torrent floods. to try with me their doom He They measure all. At once the four spread out their starry wings With dreadful shade contiguous. O'er shields. and glory. Because the Father. Hath honoured me. Nor multitude. and into terror changed His countenance. . they have despised.PARADISE LOST. He on his impious foes right onward drove. which he sent Before him.-8o8-8 4*- whose He sole appoints. rode Of Thrones and mighty Seraphim prostrate That wished the mountains now might be again . Yet envied against me is all their rage. in heaven supreme. astonished. So spake the Son. of other excellence Not emulous. Number to this day's work is not ordained. or not you. and power. : Kingdom. according to Therefore to me That they may In battle which the stronger proves. too severe to be beheld. nor care who them excels. and helmed heads He . or of a numerous host. to whom. Vengeance [BOOK VI. such as in their souls infixed Plagues. hath assigned have their wish. all resistance lost. Gloomy as night.

163 Thrown on them. and too fast had bound. and shot forth pernicious spirit in One fire Among And Yet the accursed. and would have Affrighted Fate had cast too deep Her dark foundations. of their wonted vigour them drained. Hell. The overthrown he raised. spiritless. and with furies. opening wide. and from the living wheels Distinct alike with multitude of eyes.BOOK VI. as a shelter from His Nor less on either side tempestuous fell His arrows. fallen. that withered left all their strength. pursued Into the wasteful Deep. Urged them behind Down Burnt headlong themselves they threw from the verge of Heaven eternal wrath . to the bounds And crystal wall of Heaven which.visaged four Distinct with eyes. Rolled inward. received them whole. and as a herd His thunder Of goats Drove With terrors. them before him. Hell heard the unsufferable noise Hell saw fled Heaven ruining from Heaven. Exhausted. thunderstruck. afflicted. The monstrous sight Struck them with horror backward. mid volley for he meant Not to destroy. confounded Chaos roared. their fit habitation. fraught with fire Unquenchable.-843-877-] PARADISE LOST. Yawning. the house of woe and pain. or timorous flock together thronged. Hell at last. but root them out of heaven. . . Through his wild anarchy so huge a rout Encumbered him with ruin. half his strength he put not forth. after them to the bottomless pit. from the fourfold. fall And felt tenfold confusion in their . and on them closed. and every eye Glared lightning. but strict Nine days they fell . ire. and a spacious gap disclosed . but far worse. them ruled. but checked in . .

silent stood Eye-witnesses of his almighty . By terrible example. Worthiest to reign.!6 4 PARADISE LOST. that with him. Thee once to gain companion of his woe. But listen Thy not to his temptations. all his saints. . With jubilee advanced and. as they went. foes.-878-912. To meet Him. earth. Bereaved of happiness. At thy request. Heir. the reward Of disobedience firm they might have . Sole Victor. returning whence it rolled. stood. Son. is and that thou may'st beware By what The past. who acts. each order bright Sung triumph. warn weaker. Where now he sits at the right hand of bliss. and fear to transgress. and war in heaven Among who rebelled Of With Satan. and soon repaired Her mural breach. the angelic powers. Disburdened Heaven [BOOK ^. too high aspiring. Thus measuring things in heaven by things on On high . Who now is plotting how he may seduce Thee also from obedience. Shaded with branching palm. As a despite done against the Most High. rejoiced. eternal misery. celebrated. and Lord. remember. thou mayest partake His punishment. he who envies now thy state. to thee I have revealed What might have else to human race been hid: discord which befell. from the expulsion of his Messiah his triumphal chariot turned. and Him sung victorious King. rode Triumphant through mid heaven. He. to Him dominion given. into the courts And temple of his mighty Father throned who into glory Him received. Yet fell. those. and the deep fall Which would be all his solace and revenge. let it profit thee to have heard.

and forlorn. With thy Into the celestial song. The meaning. Urania by that name whose voice divine rightly thou art called hill Following. I call for thou Nor of the Muses nine. More safe I sing with mortal voice unchanged To hoarse or mute. Up led Heavens I An earthly guest. though from a lower clime Dismounted. nor on the top Of old Olympus dwellest. at the request of Adam. Above the flight of Pegasean wing. this RAPHAEL. but narrower bound Within the visible diurnal sphere earth. above the Olympian I soar. with Eternal Wisdom didst converse. Satan and His angels out of heaven. On evil days though fallen. Thy tempering. Before the Thou Wisdom appeared. Half yet remains unsung. not the name. 166 . but. heavenly-born. and His re-ascension into Heaven. that God. hills and with her didst play In presence of the Almighty Father. Return me to my native element. With like safety guided down. declared His pleasure tp create another world. have presumed. and attendance of angels. and drawn Empyreal air. and evil tongues . relates how and wherefore world was first created. of Heaven by thee. Lest from this flying steed unreined as once Bellerophon. after the expelling of . pleased thy sister. to perform the work of creation in six days the angels celebrate : with hymns the performance thereof. on the Aleian field I fall. or fountain flowed.BOOK \ VII. DESCEND If from heaven. and other creatures to dwell therein sends His Son with glory. though fallen on evil days. Erroneous there to wander. . : Standing on not rapt above the pole.

till the savage clamour drowned Both harp and voice. Urania. and fit audience find. and was filled With admiration and deep muse. Driven back. Of all tastes else to please their appetite Though wandering. the race Of that wild rout that tore the Thracian bard In Rodop. with his consorted Eve. redounded as a flood on those From whom it sprung.. With such confusion but the evil. slumbers nightly. nor could the muse defend Her son. He. The story heard attentive. where woods and rocks had ears To rapture. she an empty dream. So fail not thou. Say.27 -6o. Still govern thou my song. And solitude. goddess. soon . Whence Adam soon repealed The doubts that in his heart arose. by what befell in heaven To those apostates. tree. impossible to mix With blessedness. to Apostasy. by dire example. yet not alone. to hear Of things so high and strange things to their thought So unimaginable as hate in heaven. though few. In darkness. And war so near the peace of God in bliss. what .166 PARADISE LOST. Yisit'st my But drive far off the barbarous dissonance Of Bacchus and his revellers. had forewarned beware Adam. Charged not If to touch the interdicted they transgress. while thou [BOOK vil. or when Morn Purples the east. .ensued when Raphael. lest the like befall In Paradise to Adam or his race. The affable Archangel. and now . who thee implores* For thou art heavenly. and slight that sole So easily obeyed amid the choice command. and with dangers compassed round.

heaven and earth conspicuous created . unforbid thou mayest unfold . in his holy rest all . and full ears. to forewarn Us timely of what might eke have been our Down loss. Divine interpreter! by favour sent heavenly guest: of wonder in our from the Empyrean. which human knowledge could not For which. Unknown. 61-94. which yet concerned Our knowing. Proceeded thus to ask his Great things. and His admonishment Receive. as one. with desire to 167 What Of nearer might concern him. Deign to descend now lower. still eyes the current stream. But since thou hast vouchsafed Gently. whose drought Yet scarce allayed. Of what we are. new thirst excites. so late to build and the work begun. to impart Things above earthly thought. yet sinless. for our instruction. Embracing round this florid earth: Avhat cause Moved In the Creator. Led on. as to highest Wisdom seemed. to the infinitely Good we owe Immortal thanks. Whose liquid murmur heard. Through Chaos Absolved eternity. with solemn purpose to observe Immutably his sovereign will. know how this world first began.BOOK vil.] PARADISE LOST. with moving fires adorned Innumerable. thou hast revealed. . avail us How first began this known heaven which we behold : Distant so high. was done Before his memory. perhaps. and this which yields or fills All space. how soon if . Far differing from this world. and whereof for what cause What within Eden. and relate What may no less. or without. the ambient air wide interfused. When. the end reach.

hath suppressed in night. and sleep. to know . shall not be withheld glorify the Thy I hearing. to hear thee tell His generation. and infer Thee also happier. In measure what the mind may well contain . To magnify his works. with caution asked. And thus the godlike angel answered mild: This also thy request. And the great light of day yet wants to run Much of his race. and the rising birth Of nature from the unapparent deep heaven. Obtain. morning shine. will watch. thy potent voice. night with her will bring Silence. which the Only Omniscient. nor let thine own inventions hope Things not revealed. and needs no Her temperance over appetite. comprehend? which best Yet what thou canst may serve To Maker.-95 -i28. Of knowledge within bounds beyond. . listening to thee. abstain invisible King. the more we know. to recount almighty works. not to explore the secrets. till besought. but the more [BOOK VlI. Suspense in Held by thy voice. ask His eternal empire.. such commission from above have received. Or we can thy song ere the and dismiss thee End. To none communicable in Earth or Heaven. What words or tongue of Seraph can suffice.68 PARADISE LOST. To ask. And longer will delay. Or if the star of evening and the moon Haste to thy audience. Enough is left besides to search and is know. though. What Of we. less But knowledge as food. he hears. though steep. bid his absence. Thus Adam his illustrious guest Or heart of man suffice to attain. to answer thy desire .

. where If steep. way they found. lines 298.Wave rolling after wave. 299. with torrent rapture. Book VII. .

living soul. And let fowl fly above the earth. : Book I'll. . lines 387-389.And God said Let the waters generate Reptile with spawn abundant..

.. . Book VII. a sea. lines 415.And seems a moving land in. 416. and at his gills J3 Draws and at his trunk spouts out.

lines 417. K//. 418. and shores. .34 Meanwhile the tepid caves. Book fens.. and Their brood as numerous hatch.

themselves at length the way Up hither. that. joy and union without end. I greater part have kept. after Lucifer from Heaven So call him. yet populous. who thought All like himself rebellious by whose aid : . . They open to Meanwhile. ye Powers of Heaven .] PARADISE LOST. My damage fondly deemed. lest his heart exalt him in the harm Already done. and Heaven to Earth. the seat Of Deity supreme. 169 Oppresses else with and soon turns to wind. till by degrees of merit raised. see. to lose Self-lost. whom far the their place knows here no more. and the great Son returned Victorious with his saints. He Yet trusted to have seized. as nourishment Know then.-I29-I62. Their station Heaven. and in a moment will create Another world. . . and to his Son thus spake At least our envious foe hath failed. and this high temple to frequent With ministeries due.BOOK VII. Not here. And Earth be changed to Heaven. and into fraud Drew many. Wisdom to folly. surfeit. to have dispeopled heaven. brighter once amidst the host Of *Angels. One kingdom. the Omnipotent Eternal Father from his throne beheld Their multitude. I can repair That detriment. there to dwell. than that star the stars among Fell with his flaming legions through the Deep Into his place. This inaccessible high strength. us dispossessed. out of one man a race Of men innumerable. inhabit 22 lax. But. under long obedience tried. if such it be. retains Number sufficient to possess her realms Though wide. and solemn rites.

nor vacuous the space.i 7o PARADISE LOST. On his great expedition now Girt with omnipotence. perform begotten Son. When such was heard declared the Almighty's will . . whose just avenging ire Had driven out the ungodly from his sight And the habitations of the just. and to what he His Word. is And put not forth my goodness. Glory they sung to the Most High.. Of spirits malign. . Though I. uncircumscribed myself. necessity and chance Approach not me. a better race to bring Into their vacant room. and thence diffuse His good to worlds and ages infinite. by thee speak Thou. to Him Glory and praise. ride and might with thee and bid the deep . good-will To future men. and what I free will is fate. retire. Cannot without process of speech be told as earthly notion can receive. So spake the Almighty. with radiance crowned Of majesty divine. my Word. And This thou. Immediate are the acts of .163-196. more swift Than time So or motion but to human ears told. Meanwhile the Son appeared. God. So sang the Hierarchies. ! My I overshadowing send along. and in their dwellings peace: Glory to Him. gave effect. Great triumph and rejoicing were in Heaven. spake. whose wisdom had ordained Good out of evil to create instead . Within appointed bounds be Heaven and Earth Boundless the Deep. and His Father him shone. and be it done Spirit forth. I [BOOK VII. sapience all and love in Immense. which To act or not. the filial Godhead. because I Am. who fill Infinitude.

] PARADISE LOST. 171 About His chariot numberless were poured Cherub and Seraph. Heaven opened wide Her ever-during gates. And Virtues. your discord end Nor stayed but on the wings of cherubim . ye troubled waves. Outrageous as a sea. For Chaos heard Followed Creation. Thus far extend. Potentates and Thrones. thus far thy bounds. wild Up from the bottom turned by furious winds And surging waves. Silence. . harnessed at hand. dark. One foot he centred. and in his hand He took the golden compasses. ! Said then the omnific Word.-i97-23i. for within them spirit lived. From the . between two brazen mountains lodged Against a solemn day. to behold and the wonders of his might. and all created things. Celestial equipage. peace. and Chariots winged armoury of God where stand of old Myriads. prepared In God's eternal store. paternal glory rode Far into Chaos. and the other turned Round through And said the vast profundity obscure. as mountains. let forth On golden hinges moving. to The King And On heavenly ground of Glory in his powerful Word Spirit. Then stayed the fervid wheels. to circumscribe This Universe. and from the shore They viewed the vast immeasurable Abyss they stood . winged Spirits. Attendant on their Lord. This be thy just circumference. to assault Heaven's height.BOOK VII. harmonious sound. Spontaneous. O world ! . coming to create new worlds. and thou Deep. Him all his train in bright procession. his voice. wasteful. and now come forth. and with the centre mix the pole. Uplifted. and the World unborn in.

and when first morn. then conglobed . and forthwith light Sprung of things. from the deep. first light. Transparent. Matter unformed and void. expanse of liquid pure. Thus was the first day even and morn . said God . Sphered in a radiant cloud for yet the sun Was not she in a cloudy tabernacle . vital warmth. self-balanced. diffused . life: then founded. Light. first God evening was. the Day. and from her native east To journey through the aery gloom began. Night. and . said Let there be firmament : Amid the waters. quintessence pure. I BOOK vu. Darkness profound but on the watery calm Spirit of God outspread. He By named. And touched their golden harps. and hymning God and his works Creator Him they sung. and darkness. Thus God the heaven created. : praised Both when Again.172 PARADISE LOST. cold. and between spun out the air. with joy and shout The hollow universal orb they filled. Throughout Adverse to the fluid mass but downward purged black. Birth-day of heaven and earth. elemental air. God saw the light was good And light from darkness by the hemisphere Divided. nor unsung orient light.-2 3 2-26s. The waters from the waters and God made The firmament. the rest to several place Disparted. And earth. infernal dregs. first when from darkness they beheld. the celestial choirs. And The vital virtue infused. thus the earth. Nor passed Exhaling uncelebrated. tartareous. and let it divide . Like things to like Let there be Ethereal. Covered the abyss His brooding wings the . on her centre hung. Sojourned the while.

uprolled. Into one place. the dry. but in the womb as yet embryon immature involved.-266-299-] PARADISE LOST. So even And morning The Of waters. Fermented the great mother Satiate with genial moisture. so the watery throng. Wave II rolling after wave. chorus sung the second day. steep. and Capacious bed of waters. . when God said. Thither they Hasted with glad precipitance. Dividing: for as earth. or ridge direct. 173 In circuit to the uttermost convex Of this great round partition firm and sure. with torrent rapture if through plain. For haste such flight the great command impressed On the swift floods as armies at the call . over all the face of earth Main ocean flowed. . Be gathered now. and let dry land appear. As drops on dust conglobing from . Part rise in crystal wall. So high as heaved the tumid hills. so low Down sunk a hollow bottom broad and deep. their Emergent. and the loud misrule lest fierce Of Chaos far removed. ye waters under heaven. calm. not idle. their tops ascend the sky.BOOK VII. Of trumpet Troop for of armies thou hast heard to their standard. And heaven He named the firmament. where way they found . so He the world Built on circumfluous waters. Immediately the mountains huge appear broad bare backs upheave Into the clouds. in wide Crystalline ocean. Appeared not. with warm Prolific humour softening all her globe. to conceive. extremes Contiguous might distemper the whole frame. The waters underneath from those above . but. earth was formed.

Forth flourished thick the clustering vine. and said : Let the earth forth the And Whose seed is He scarce had verdant grass. The dry land. and the humble shrub. With tufts the valleys. With serpent error wandering. With borders long the rivers. herb yielding seed. Soft ebbing nor withstood them rock or hill But they. and each fountain side. Or wander with delight. All but within those banks. Earth. these scarce blown. . and perpetual draw their humid train. hung with copious fruit. And bush Rose. unsightly. or under ground.174 PARADISE LOST. unadorned. and love to haunt Her sacred shades. forth crept The swelling gourd. where rivers now Stream. and spread Their branches. or gemmed in Their blossoms. a seat where Gods might dwell. and the great receptacle Of congregated waters. found their way. though God had yet not rained Upon None the earth. Brought forth the tender grass. and man to till the ground was. ere God had bid the ground be dry. Opening their various colours. but from the earth a dewy mist . or circuit wide : | BOOK VII. And on the washy ooze deep channels wore. whose verdure clad Her universal face with pleasant green Then herbs of every leaf. And saw Put that it was good . With high woods the hills were crowned. when the bare earth. smelling sweet. and made gay Her bosom. . He called Seas . Easy. fruit-tree yielding fruit after her kind. in herself upon the earth. up stood the corny reed Embattled in her field. the stately trees. 300-333. that sudden flowered. as with frizzled hair implicit: last dance. that Earth now Seemed like to Heaven. then Desert and bare. till said. and.

A mighty sphere. The less use And set To illuminate And light by night. For seasons. and On So every herb. 334-367. thick as a field. the greater to have rule by day. of celestial bodies. And By hence the morning planet gilds her horns tincture or reflection they augment . all God made. To give light on the earth.BOOK VII. up. even and morn recorded the third day. unlightsome first. And God made two great lights. expanse of heaven. from darkness to divide. and rule the day In their vicissitude. and it was so. great palace now of light. ere it was in the earth. he framed. his great work. and every magnitude of Stars. Plant of the the ground. and each which. firm to retain gathered beams. other stars Repairing. : Again the Almighty spake in the : Let there be lights High The day from night. to receive Transplanted from her cloud shrine. in their golden urns draw light. Of light by far the greater part he took. as I ordain . : Surveying was good For. that first it God saw. and for days. the earth. Globose. the sun. altern and made the stars. and placed In the sun's orb. and circling years And let them be for lights. made porous And Her drink the liquid light. . and let them be for signs. and rule the night. great for their To man. 175 Went and watered field . to divide Their office in the firmament of heaven.] PARADISE LOST. as to their fountain. Though of ethereal mould then formed the moon . And sowed with stars the heaven. before it grew God saw that it was good the green stem. Hither. them in the firmament of heaven .

and the Pleiades. face borrowing her light light she needed none In that aspect. And God Displayed on the open firmament of heaven. And God created the great whales. Revolved on heaven's great axle. him danced. And saw that it was good. Let the waters generate Reptile with spawn abundant. each that crept. And And and running streams. Dawn. Less bright the moon. and each Soul living. that then appeared Spangling the hemisphere. with diminution seen. before His mirror. then in the east her turn she shines. Forthwith the sounds and seas. First in his east the glorious [BOOK VII. Regent of day. With fry innumerable swarm. with full From him for other . with wings said: . Then first adorned With her bright luminaries. and in the seas. The waters generated by And every bird of wing after his kind. which plenteously their kinds. that set and rose. But opposite in levelled west was set. and blessed Be fruitful. and still that distance keeps Till night. Their small peculiar. let the fowl be multiplied on the earth. the horizon round the grey Invested with bright rays. . With thousand thousand stars. and shoals Of fish that. with their fins. saying: multiply. them. each creek and bay. the waters fill. lakes.368-4oi.I7 6 PARADISE LOST. and all lamp was seen.. and her reign With thousand lesser lights dividual holds. and shining scales. though from human sight So far remote. Shedding sweet influence. Glad evening and glad morn crowned the fourth day. jocund to run His longitude through heaven's high road . living soul And let fowl fly above the earth.

35 .And now on Evening arose in earth the seventh Eden.

and Adam to his bower. 653. lines 652.So parted they: the Angel up to heaven From the thick shade. .. Book VIII.

on smooth. Hugest of living creatures. with mutual wing Easing their flight so steers the prudent crane Her annual voyage. Graze the sea-weed their pasture. Stretched like a promontory. sleeps or swims. ranged in figure. huge of bulk. 177 Glide under the green wave. fanned with unnumbered plumes. gait. and at his trunk spouts out. but feathered soon and fledge They summed their pens. wedge their way. forth disclosed Their callow young. Meanwhile the tepid caves. attend Moist nutriment. or. in their pearly shells at ease.] PARADISE LOST. In jointed armour. and over lands. a sea. and spread their painted wings nor then the solemn nightingale Till even . and set forth Their aery caravan. There leviathan. and through groves gold Of coral stray. and fens. to branch the smaller birds with song Solaced the woods. There the eagle and the stork their eyries build . and shores. dropt with . Part single. Or. soaring the air sublime. And seems a moving land and at his gills Draws in. under a cloud In prospect. on the deep . and. watch . seal And bended dolphins play part. Their brood as numerous hatch from the egg that soon. Wallowing unwieldy. or under rocks their food. enormous in their Tempest the ocean. in sculls that oft Bank the mid-sea. to the Show sun their waved coats. sporting with quick glance. Intelligent of seasons. borne on winds the air Floats as they pass. the .BOOK VII. high over seas Flying. : On cliffs and cedar-tops Part loosely wing the region part. With clang despised the ground. or with mate. From branch . Bursting with kindly rupture. more wise. 402-435. In common.

pawing to get free parts. The grassy clods now calved now half appeared . Cattle. arose With evening harps and matin when God said.I 78 PARADISE LOST. Each in their kind. the swan with arched neck. Among The Those the trees in pairs they rose. brake. The waters thus With fish replenished. the crested cock. and the other. The sixth. Evening and morn solemnised the fifth day.-436-469- Their downy breast. perfect forms. Let the earth bring forth soul living in her kind. or den . rising on stiff pennons. then springs. and straight Opening her fertile womb. Rising. Ceased warbling. as broke from bonds. Between her white wings. the wild beast. rare and solitary. Out of the ground up As from his lair. tower The mid aerial sky. whose gay train Adorns him. and beast of the earth. yet oft they quit The dank. and in broad herds upsprung. and. Others on ground Walked firm. mantling proudly. Limbed and full-grown. . whose clarion sounds The silent hours. they walked cattle in the fields and meadows green : . coloured with the florid hue Of rainbows and starry eyes. rose. . And rampant The libbard. the crumbled earth above them threw In hillocks the swift stag from underground . on silver lakes and rivers. shakes his brinded main the ounce. as the mole. and the tiger. [BOOK VII. where he wons In forest wild. and of creation last. The tawny His hinder lion. bathed soft lays. and creeping things. and the air with fowl. rows Her state with oary feet. but all night tuned her Others. The earth obeyed. these in flocks Pasturing at once. in thicket. teemed at a birth Innumerous living creatures. .

For wings. Consummate lovely smiled air. . long dimension drew. and gavest them names. And thou their natures know'st. was flown. and scaly crocodile. Now Her heaven in all her glory shone. 479 Bore up his branching head scarce from his mould Behemoth. as the great First wheeled their course Mover's hand earth in her rich attire . With honey The rest are numberless. and smallest lineaments exact In all h With the liveries decked of summer's pride. perhaps. was walked. biggest born of earth. First crept The parsimonious emmet. Those waved their limber fans Insect or worm. spots of gold and purple. earth. next appeared that feeds her husband drone cells and builds her waxen stored.] PARADISE LOST. upheaved His vastness fleeced the flocks and bleating rose. first . Deliciously. As plants ambiguous between sea and The river-horse. water. Their snaky and added wings. beast. . The female bee. involved folds. azure and green: line. . subtlest beast of all the field. Hereafter joined in her popular tribes Of commonalty. some of serpent kind. though to thee Not noxious. . Pattern of just equality. At once came forth whatever creeps the ground. The serpent. Of huge extent sometimes. By fowl.BOOK VII. with brazen eyes And airy mane terrific. Swarming. Needless to thee repeated nor unknown . and rolled motions. as a their : all Minims of nature . Streaking the ground with sinuous trace not These. . 470-503. land. fish. but obedient at thy call. was swam. provident Of future in small room large heart enclosed . Wondrous in length and corpulence.

There wanted yet the master-work. stature. and in thy nostrils breathed The breath of life. with rest. He brought thee into . and of the sixth day yet remained. Male he created thee but thy consort. for no place Is yet distinct earth. by name. he formed thee. and upright. thence. Govern the But self-knowing. Frequent. and throughout dominion hold Over fish of the sea. with heart. and fowl of the air. Beast of the and over all the earth. to correspond with Heaven . in His own image he Created thee. Be fruitful. [BOOK VII. This said.i8o PARADISE LOST. as thou know'st. who. Female. the end Of all yet done. a creature. And every creeping thing that creeps the ground. and thou becamest a living soul. and eyes. to adore And worship God supreme. this delicious grove. then blessed mankind. Dust of the ground. grateful to Directed in devotion. and from thence Magnanimous. And every living thing that moves on the Wherever thus created. but endued With His sanctity of reason. and fill the Earth. air. man In our similitude. and let them rule Over the fish and fowl of sea and field. for race.-504-537. might erect front serene. Adam. in the image of God Express. not prone And brute. . and voice. O man. who made him chief Of all his works: therefore the Omnipotent Eternal Father for where is not He Present? thus to his Son audibly spake: in Let us make now Man our image. acknowledge whence his good Descends. as other creatures. and said. Subdue it. thither. multiply. thee.

in the day thou eat'st thou diest. jubilant. Up Followed with acclamation. Answering His great idea. Up to the Heaven of Heavens. The earth. Thence to behold this new created world. In prospect from his throne. tasted. Yet not till the Creator. pomp ascended ! Open.BOOK vil.] PARADISE LOST. works knowledge of good and Beware. ye heavens your living doors ! . Open. though unwearied. that tuned Angelic harmonies. Magnificent. Here finished He. govern well thy appetite . and with frequent intercourse visit oft the . Delectable both to behold and taste . his six days' work. So even and morn accomplished the sixth day. for God will deign To dwellings of just men. and the sound good. how how it shewed fair. and behold all was entirely good. a world Open. up returned. And the penalty imposed. Delighted. Symphonious of ten thousand harps. how he rode. from his work Desisting. let in The great Creator. * 181 This garden planted with the trees of God. and her black attendant. Death. And Gave freely all their pleasant fruit for food thee. from his work returned . But of the tree. Which. station listening stood. and all that he had made Viewed. his high abode. 538-571. for thou heardst The heavens and all The planets in their While the bright the constellations rung. evil. and henceforth oft. Variety without end. The addition of his empire. Surprise thee. the air Resounded thou remember'st. ye everlasting gates they sung. All sorts are here that all the earth yields. lest Sin Thou mayest Death is not.

that gold. day. Which nightly. and twilight from the east came on. hid the mount. measure Thee. for the sun Was set. from work Now resting. Fuming from golden Creation and the six days' acts they sung: Great are thy works. Thither will send his winged messengers On errands of supernal grace. Author and end of all things: and. and sat him down With his great Father. censers. So sung [BOOK VII. the solemn pipe. as a circling zone. Jehovah! infinite Thy power! what thought can. the imperial throne Of Godhead fixed for ever firm and sure. Relate Thee? Greater now in thy return Than from the giant Angels. That opened wide her blazing portals. as stars to wayis A broad and ample road. blessed and hallowed* the seventh As resting on that day from all his work. All sounds on fret by string or golden wire. through heaven.-5 7 2-6os- The He. whose dust in the galaxy.PARADISE LOST. or tongue Thee that day . thou seest Powdered with stars. yet stayed such privilege Hath Omnipresence and the work ordained. And dulcimer. and rested not. all organs of sweet stop. But not in silence holy kept: the harp Had work. milky way. when at the holy mount Of heaven's high-seated top. And now on earth the seventh Evening arose in Eden. glorious train ascending. The Filial Power arrived. for He also went Invisible. Forerunning night. Tempered soft tunings. led To God's eternal house direct the stars. intermixed with voice Choral or unison : of incense clouds. And pavement Seen thee appear.

606-640 ] PARADISE LOST. if Holy and they know ! Their happiness and persevere upright 3 So sung they. and from thee withdraw The number of thy worshippers. Among Earth with her nether ocean circumfused. seek'st Aught not surpassing human measure. Thee to diminish. And multiply a race of worshippers just. Of amplitude almost immense. and the Empyrean rung With hallelujahs thus was Sabbath kept. and in reward to rule Over his works. . stars perhaps. with Numerous. created. that posterity.hom God hath thus advanced! Created in His image there to dwell And worship him. a world Of destined habitation but thou know'st these the seat of men. . Y Thrice happy men And sons of men. and their counsels vain. view. Thou hast repelled while impiously they thought . magnified. And thy request think now fulfilled. thrice happy. this Thou and from thence Greatest more good. in On the clear hyaline. Mighty King. or air. the glassy sea. that asked : How first this world and face of things began. and every star. on earth. thee. Who seeks To To lessen Thee. Witness new-made world. founded. against his purpose serves manifest the more thy might: his evil usest.BOOK VII. And what From the before thy memory was done if beginning. to destroy. but to create 183 Thy thunders Is greater than. another heaven. Their seasons. w. in sea. or bound Thy empire ? Easily the proud attempt Of spirits apostate. From Heaven-gate not far. Who can impair Thee. Their pleasant dwelling-place. Informed by might know else thou say.

have I to render thee. or what recompense Equal. relates to him what he remembered since his own assents Adam and. divine Historian. and compute I behold Their magnitudes. after solitude and fit society . is doubtfully answered. this earth. that seem to roll Spaces incomprehensible for such Their distance argues. this world. .VIII. his first meeting and nuptials with Eve his discourse with the angel thereupon. who I The thirst thus largely hast allayed had of knowledge. a spot. to relate Things else by me unsearchable. thus gratefully replied: What thanks sufficient. this punctual spot. his talk with Cod concerning who. still desirous to detain Raphael. this Which only When goodly frame. . Of Heaven and Earth consisting. with the firmament compared And all her numbered stars. now heard is With wonder. Something yet of doubt remains. angel ended. in all their vast survey Useless besides. departs. knowledge . as With glory attributed to the high Creator ? due. still Then. and vouchsafed This friendly condescension. ADAM and exhorted to search rather things more worthy of inquires concerning celestial motions . creation his placing in Paradise . I oft admire. . admonitions repeated. reasoning. speaking. could commit 184 . but delight. and. earth.BOOK. as new-waked. wise and frugal. a grain. and in Adam's ear THE So charming Thought him left still his voice. and their swift return Diurnal merely to officiate light Round this opacous One day and night. that he awhile stood fixed to hear. An atom. thy solution can resolve. How nature.

Not unattended. O when meet now Such pairs. and of him to ask Hep husband Chose rather. and solve high dispute With conjugal caresses from his lip. 27-60. how Yet went she not. so manifold.BOOK VIII. disproportions. ! 24 . such a sumless journey brought Of incorporeal speed. gladlier grew. So spake our sire. . which Eve Perceiving. they at her coming sprung. her warmth and lightSpeed. Her nursery. attains . she knew. . And To grace that won who saw among to wish her fruits stay. or not capable her ear Of what was high : such pleasure she reserved. to describe whose swiftness number fails. and receives. 185 Such hand So many nobler bodies Greater. in love and mutual honour joined ? With goddess-like demeanour forth she went. Adam relating. he. with superfluous to create. as not with such discourse Delighted. they prospered. Not words alone pleased her. Served by more noble than herself. would intermix Grateful digressions. and on their orbs impose Such restless revolution. bud and bloom. for on her. where she sat retired in sight. That better might with far less compass move. With lowliness majestic from her seat. day by day Repeated while the sedentary earth. J PARADISE LOST. As tribute. to this one use. and went forth visit her and flowers. Rose. touched by her fair tendance. Her end without least motion. as queen. For aught appears. and by his countenance seemed Entering on studious thoughts abstruse. And. she sole auditress the relater she preferred Before the angel.

how gird the sphere frame. . Nor glistering. A pomp of winning And from about her Into all graces waited still. in comparison of heaven. so small. [BOOK vi 1161-94. and supposest That bodies bright and greater should not serve The less. and learn Is as the His seasons. Though. And Raphael To now. whether heaven move or earth. may of solid good contain More plenty than the sun that barren shines. orb in orb. or days.1 86 PARADISE LOST. Who art to lead thy offspring. nor heaven such journeys run. appearances. Earth sitting still. the rest From man Did wisely His or angel the great Architect to conceal. secrets. at their quaint opinions wide And they corne to model heaven calculate the stars. for heaven book of God before thee set. hours. or months. to and not divulge be scanned by them who ought Rather admire. I blame thee not. that Or bright infers not excellence : great the earth. if thou reckon right. contrive. facile . Imports not. Consider first. Cycle and epicyle. not bright. to Adam's doubt proposed. when she alone receives The benefit. This to attain. With centric and eccentric scribbled o'er. unbuild. if they list to try Conjecture. Wherein to read his wondrous works. to wish her in sight. he his fabric of the heavens Hath left to their disputes perhaps to move His laughter Hereafter. shot darts of desire still eyes. Already by thy reasoning this I guess. or. Benevolent and thus replied ask or search. or years. how they will wield when The mighty To save how build.

presume. to his omnipotence. Progressive. Not To so affirm. now high. and what if seventh to these. the fruitful earth. virtue 187 Whose But in on itself works no effect. What if the sun stars. Admitting motion in the heavens. or standing still. Yet not to earth are those bright luminaries Officious.-95-I28. things too high. But this I urge. that I God. that earthly If it sight. a small partition. his attractive virtue and other and their By own ! Incited. Placed heaven from earth so far. arrived Me Where God resides. since the morning hour set out from Heaven. centre to the world. retrograde. The That swiftness of those circles attribute. Though numberless.] PARADISE LOST. to remove his ways from human sense. now low. In six thou seest. their vigour find. add Who thou think'st not slow. to shew Invalid that which thee to doubt it moved . earth's habitant. let it speak The Maker's high magnificence. and his line stretched out so far. His beams. And for the heaven's wide circuit. . and ere mid-day In Eden distance inexpressible By numbers that have name. then hid. though so it seem thee who hast thy dwelling here on earth.BOOK VHI. but to thee. and the rest Lodged Ordained for uses to his Lord best known. inactive else. who built So spacious. dance about him various rounds Their wandering course. Speed almost to corporeal substances could spiritual. there first received. That man may know he dwells not in his own. An edifice too large for in him to fill. might err in And no Be advantage gain.

But whether thus these things. By living soul. the wheel Of day and night. and that swift Nocturnal and diurnal rhomb supposed. The planet Earth. Invisible else above all stars. or earth rise on the sun. Which two great sexes animate the world. Field and inhabitants. Whether He from the east his flaming road begin. To the terrestrial moon be as a star. Sent from her through the wide transpicuous air. Still Enlightening her by day. and clouds may and rain produce Fruits in her softened for some to eat Allotted there. desert and desolate. is obvious to dispute. What if that light. Stored each orb. if land be there. and with her part averse From the sun's beam meet night.-i29-i6 2 . Rise on the earth. perhaps. Moved contrary with thwart obliquities. yet scarce to contribute light. industrious of herself. Insensibly three different motions move? [BOOK Vin. perhaps. as she by night This earth? reciprocal. If earth. With their attendant moons. . Which else to several spheres thou must ascribe. Or save the sun his labour. Her soil.iS8 PARADISE LOST. and other suns. spots thou seest rain. predominant in heaven. with some that For such vast room in nature unpossessed in live. her other part luminous by his ray. which needs not thy belief. fetch day Travelling east. thou wilt descry. Down to this habitable. Communicating male and female light. or whether not. so steadfast though she seem. conveyed so which returns far Light back to them. the sun. As clouds. Only Each orb a glimpse of to shine.

and notions But apt the mind or fancy is to rove Unchecked. : : Think only what concerns and thy being Dream not of other worlds. . cleared of doubt. Not of How earth only. but to know Till That which before us Is the lies in daily is life. And renders us. along. To whom thus Adam. is fume. thee. while she paces even. nor with perplexing thoughts To interrupt the sweet of life. Contented that thus far hath been revealed. joy thou In what he gives to thee. replied: fully hast thou satisfied me. warned. and of her roving is no end . pure Intelligence of heaven. but of Highest Heaven. Wherever placed. ourselves vain. That not to know at large of things remote From use. condition. in things that most concern. prime wisdom: what more.] PARADISE LOST. or by experience taught. Angel serene ! And. silent course advance. Seek them with wandering thoughts. Or emptiness. what creatures there Live.BOOK VIII. 189 Or she from west her With inoffensive pace that spinning sleeps On her soft axle. as Him pleases best. obscure and subtle. this Paradise And thy fair Eve heaven is for thee too high To know what passes there be lowly wise . let Him dispose. 163-196. Leave them to God above. Of other creatures. God hath bid dwell far off all And not molest us. freed from intricacies. or degree. unless we from which anxious cares. . or fond impertinence. in what state. Him serve and fear. she learn. And bears thee soft with the smooth air Solicit not thy thoughts with matters hid. taught to live The easiest way.

image fair: comeliness and grace thee his Nor less think we in heaven of Than of our fellow-servant. haply. perhaps. to seek. all Attends thee. set On man For I his equal love. each motion. and soon fill. bring to their sweetness no satiety. For God. therefore day was absent. and Gladly into the on earth inquire ways of God Say with Man . Speaking. but thy words. Now. till then thou seest How subtly to detain thee I devise. A Useful. at the hour repast. By sufferance. Bound on a voyage uncouth and obscure. and on . as befell. Though pleasant. were For.-i 9 7-23o. and each word.PARADISE LOST. unprepared. we see. and still Therefore from this high pitch let us descend lower flight. that . from labour. is thou hast not heard . hath honoured thee. deigned. is And Than sweeter thy discourse fruits of to my ear palm-tree pleasantest to thirst And hunger Of sweet both. mention may arise Of something not unseasonable to ask. I seem in heaven. with grace divine Imbued. and speak of things at hand. forms. And day yet not spent. LOOK VIlI. Thee I have heard relating what was done Ere my remembrance. sire of men. Nor are thy Nor tongue lips ungraceful. sit with thee. Unpractised. they satiate. and thy wonted favour. whence. which. Inviting thee to hear while I relate. while I it not in hope of thy reply. hear me relate My story. Fond. or mute. To whom thus Raphael answered heavenly meek: ineloquent: for God on thee Abundantly his gifts hath also poured. % Inward and outward both.

and sunny plains. in charge.-2 3 i-264. As new waked from soundest Soon and on the reeking moisture fed. raised By quick instinctive motion. dried. Torment. murmuring streams . and upright Stood on Hill. . incensed at such eruption bold. heard within Noise. feet. as sovereign King. Not that they durst without his leave attempt But us he sends upon his high behests For state. As thitherward endeavouring. hell . till.BOOK VIlI. long ere our approaching. my dale. The dismal gates. and loud lament. and to inure Our prompt obedience.] PARADISE LOST. 191 Far on excursion toward the gates of Squared in full To legion such command we had see that none thence issued forth a spy. and thus our Sire: For man Is to tell for how human life began ? himself beginning knew Desire with thee still longer to converse hard . and walked or flew. Lest he. and moved. And liquid lapse of Creatures that lived by these. fast shut. But thy relation now So we had . in his Or enemy. and barricadoed strong . Straight toward heaven my wondering eyes I turned. Glad we returned up to the coasts of light Ere Sabbath evening. Fast we found. Pleased with thy words no less than thou with mine. which with his beams the sun Induced me. But. and furious rage. while God was work. Destruction with creation might have mixed. who sleep Soft on the flowery herb I found me laid. In balmy sweat. up I sprung. for I attend. other than the sound of dance or song. About me round I saw and shady woods. So spake the godlike Power. And gazed awhile the ample sky.

Ye hills. First father! Called by thee. how here ? Not of myself. all things smiled. and readily could name Whatever I saw. fair light. first This happy light when answer none returned. When suddenly stood at my head a dream. With fragrance and with joy my heart o'erflowed. And ye that live and move. and sometimes ran Myself I With supple But who I vigour led. joints. how came I thus. or from what cause. . I come thy guide . Thy mansion wants thee. untroubled. and . [BOOK Vin. and sometimes went. While thus I called. woods. me thought. and limb by limb Surveyed. and plains. and forthwith to dissolve. lived. ye rivers. said I. said. I knew not beheld whither. and dales. how adore From whom I have that thus I move and live. was. fair creatures. Tell me how may I know Him. Birds on the branches warbling. and strayed From where I first drew air. To speak I tried. tell. then perused. though then was passing to my former state I thought Insensible. Whose inward apparition gently moved My fancy to believe I yet had being. as lively Knew not. Thou Sun.192 PARADISE LOST. In goodness and in power pre-eminent. and forthwith spake. by some great Maker then. of shape divine. And And First One came. On a green shady bank. or where. of men innumerable ordained man. And feel that I am happier than I know ? .-26 5 -29S. My And thou enlightened Earth. tongue obeyed. profuse of flowers. and with soft oppression seized My I drowsed sense. Tell if ye saw. so fresh and gay. Adam rise. Pensive I sat me down: there gentle sleep First found me.

lines 74. 75. Book IX. and with it rose.. Satan.In with the river sunk. 37 .

if not preferred Book IX. . More justly.. how like to Heaven. lines 99. too.O Earth.

fear here no dearth. that hung to the eye stirred in me sudden appetite To pluck and eat. Whom thou sought'st I am. my sole command . Author of all this thou seest Above. Transgressed. which I have set The pledge of thy obedience and thy faith. fairest fruit. had not He. From that Shalt lose. Said mildly. And shun the bitter consequence for know. Of every garden grows freely with glad heart. wide enclosed. by the hand he took me. or beneath. the garden of bliss. 299-332. with goodliest trees that what I saw Planted. tree. To So And over fields and waters.BOOK VIII. and. whereat I waked. Loaden with Tempting. top was plain. Presence Divine. saying. hither. or round about thee. from among the trees appeared. and found Before mine eyes all real. The day thou eat'st thereof. I In adoration at His feet fell Submiss. But of the Amid the garden by the tree of life Remember what I warn thee shun to taste. whose high circuit . day mortal.] PARADISE LOST. last led me up A A woody mountain. Each tree. This Paradise I give thee. as the dream Had My Up Here had new begun wandering. as in air Smooth sliding without step. count it thine To Eat till and keep. with walks and bowers Of earth before scarce pleasant seemed. inevitably thou shalt die. Rejoicing. raised. He reared me. whose operation brings Knowledge of good and ill. but with awe. thy seat prepared. and this happy state expelled from hence into a world . who was my guide lively shadowed. and of the tree that in the fruit to eat.

and fowl. and gracious purpose thus renewed in ear. And heavenly vision thus presumed Oh. In sign whereof. and pay thee fealty With low subjection. -333-366. Possess and all things that therein beast. : [BOOK VI 1 1. Not hither summoned. and understood Their nature. Above mankind. what contentment find . each bird and beast behold. which resounds Yet dreadful though in my choice Not to incur. ? In solitude What Or. this Author of And good to man? for whose well-being So amply. all happiness Who can enjoy alone. I Adore thee. Surpassest far my naming. mine Not only these fair bounds. by what name. for Thou above all these. these cowering low With blandishment. each bird stooped on his wing I named them as they passed. But in these found not what me thought I wanted to the . ? enjoying. but soon His clear aspect Returned. or air.194 PARADISE LOST. live in sea. since they cannot change Their element to draw the thinner air. each bird and beast behold After their kinds. how may this universe. Sternly He pronounced The rigid interdiction. Thou hast provided all things. as lords live. But with me all I see not who partakes. Approaching two and two. As thus he spake. and with hands so liberal. but I all the earth To Or thee and to thy race it. give. or aught than mankind higher. with such knowledge God endued still : My I sudden apprehension. Understand the same Of fish within her watery residence. fish. I bring them to receive From thee their names. Of woe and sorrow.

195 Thus I. . to participate All rational delight.. Let not my words Hast thou not made these inferior far me here thy substitute. what harmony. in pairs lion with lioness. : What call'st brightened. not displeased: nice and subtle happiness. and bear rule. nor with the ox the ape then. the other still remiss. in the choice Thou . man with beast. in disparity. with these Find pastime. They rejoice Each with their kind. I see to thyself proposes!. all and the air. and To come and these at thy command play before thee? Know'st thou not Their language and their ways ? They also know. or with fowl. Cannot well Tedious suit with either. can Worse. So ordering. And reason not contemptibly. Replenished. beneath me set? Among unequals what society Can sort. And with leave of speech implored. The one intense. well converse.] PARADISE LOST. humble deprecation. : My And offend thee. wherein the brute Cannot be human consort. . So So fitly them thou hast combined fish Much less can bird with beast. A Whereto the Almighty answered. and seemed large. thus replied I. thus replied thou solitude? Is not the Earth With various living creatures. or true delight? Which must be mutual. and least of all.3 67-4oo. Maker.BOOK VIII. I Of fit fellowship speak Such as seek. but. heavenly Power. . thy realm is So spake the Universal Lord. presumptuous As with a smile more and the Vision bright. . in proportion due Given and received. be propitious while i speak. but soon prove I alike.

. In unity defective. in Canst raise thy creature to what height thou wilt erect Of union I. By Or conversation with his solace his defects. or communion. seek'st not Social communication yet. and freedom used . But degree. of me.-4oi-434- Adam. equal I. to hold converse. like. From Thus ways complacence find. Thou thy secrecy. [BOOK VIII. or like. though in pleasure. solitary. and in Thee Is height and depth of Thy eternal ! no deficience found in : not so is Man. and beget through all one. so pleased. emboldened. What think'st thou. Shouldst propagate. Best with Thyself accompanied. already And numbers absolute. I lowly answered : To attain ways All human thoughft come short. with whom Save with the creatures which made. and those ? To me inferior. Of thy associates. spake. I How have then. Like of his like. know much less. infinite descents Beneath what other creatures are to thee He The ceased . all who am none I alone From eternity ? for Second to me. cannot these prone. Supreme of things Thou in Thyself art perfect. nor in their I. and wilt taste No pleasure. the cause of his desire.196 PARADISE LOST. then. and dearest amity. which requires Collateral love. deified: by conversing. to help No need that Thou infinite. his image multiplied. or not. although alone. and this my Seem Of I state? to thee sufficiently possessed happiness. though But man by number is to manifest His single imperfection.

had long stood under. As with an object that excels the sense. Which thou hast rightly named. What Thy Thy wish bring shall please thee. ended. life-blood streaming fresh. My image. . From stooping. Abstract. likeness. called nature as in aid. my internal sight . thy fit help. I. and acceptance found which gained This answer from the gracious Voice divine: Thus far to try thee. Mine eyes he closed. for trial only brought. opened my left side. find thee Expressing well the spirit within thee free. next I He exactly to thy heart's desire. be assured. Whose Good unmeet for thee.BOOK vili. And Knew it And no reason was thou freely shouldst dislike. and took thence a rib. as in a trance. with cordial spirits warm. And knowing. Dazzled and spent. flesh filled And Wide was the wound. not good for man to be alone. fellowship. thy other self. sunk down. and saw the shape Still glorious before whom awake I stood. or I heard no more for . be so minded still. such company as then thou saw'st Intended thee. not of beasts alone.] PARADISE LOST. but open left the cell By Of fancy. 197 Permissive. But suddenly with up and healed. Who. Though sleeping. therefore. and sought repair Of sleep. To see how thou couldst judge of fit and meet. by which. which instantly fell on me. 435-468. where I lay. ere thou spakest. but of thyself. not imparted to the brute. methought I saw. and closed mine eyes. Adam. I was pleased. . strained to the height In that celestial colloquy sublime. now My earthly it Which by His heavenly overpowered.

When out of hope. : eye. nor uninformed nuptial sanctity and marriage rites. That what seemed fair in all the world.-469-soa. seemed [HOOK Vlll. spirit left into all things. She heard me thus: and. Extracted : for this cause he shall forego Father and mother. abjure. one heart. adorned and other pleasures all With what all earth or heaven could bestow To make her amiable. though divinely brought. not far off. I now see Bone of my bone. Under His forming hands a creature grew. now Mean. On she came. flesh of my flesh. . one soul. Such as I saw her in my dream. and to his wife adhere. overjoyed. infused Sweetness unto my heart unfelt before. could not forbear aloud This turn hath made amends thou hast fulfilled : words. and me dark. which. behold her. heaven in her love. I waked To Her find her. though unseen. In every gesture dignity and I. from her air. She disappeared. from that time. And And The in her looks. Man-like. inspired amorous love and of delight. Her virtue and the conscience of her worth. myself Before me. or in her summed up. Giver of all things fair! but fairest this Thy Of all thy gifts! nor enviest. Led by her heavenly Maker. Creator bounteous and benign. but different sex. And guided by Of Grace was in all his voice. or for ever to deplore loss. The rib he formed and fashioned with his hands. in her contained. Yet innocence and virgin modesty.I98 PARADISE LOST. her steps. And they shall be one flesh. Woman is her name of man . so lovely fair.

to light the bridal lamp. took. 199 That would be wooed. blushing like the morn all heaven And My I pleaded reason. Not obvious. not obtrusive. and from their wings . Nor vehement desire I mean of taste. my side subducting. sinful thought. here passion felt. but such As. though pure of so. she what was honour knew. Flung rose. and not unsought be won. and each hill Joyous the birds fresh gales and gentle airs Whispered it to the woods. birds. enjoyments else Superior and unmoved here only weak Against the charm of beauty's powerful glance. The more desirable or. retired. sight. first I Transported touch. she turned followed her. To : And happy constellations. Wrought I in her seeing me. Or nature failed in me. transported But here behold. herbs. flung till odours from the spicy shrub. but. and bid haste the evening I On his hill-top. . Nature herself. Commotion strange! in all . and the melody of Far otherwise. perhaps. . and left some part Not proof enough such Or. used or not. Walks. Sung spousal. Thus have told thee all my state.] PARADISE LOST. of earthly bliss and must confess to find sum things else delight indeed. and brought My In story to the I Which all enjoy . works in the mind no change. Disporting. these delicacies smell. that. with obsequious majesty approved the nuptial bower led her.-503-536. . I and flowers. . to say all.BOOK V11I. from object to sustain . fruits. . the amorous bird of night star. on : that hour Shed their selectest influence the earth Gave sign of gratulation.

as a guard angelic placed.200 PARADISE LOST. Wisdom in discourse with her Loses. if thou when most thou to things need'st her nigh. Authority and reason on her wait. in the prime end nature. that what she wills to do or say in herself Yet. As one intended first. in outward show Elaborate. Greatness of mind. For well Of understand. so well to know own. discreetest.. so absolute she seems. as thou thyself perceivest. In outward. fair. More than enough. By attributing overmuch Less excellent. Not thy subjection. to consummate all. which most excel . when I And Her Seems wisest. what transports thee so? An no doubt.5 37-57o. and worthy well Thy cherishing. and thy love. discountenanced. also. her resembling less His image who made both. For. much of ornament. best. with contracted brow: Accuse not Nature. of inward less exact. at least on her bestowed Too. their seat Build in her loveliest. she hath done her part. what admirest thou. To whom the Angel. [BOOK vill. virtu ousest. thy honouring. she Dismiss not her. Do thou but thine. outside. and create an awe About her. and nobleness. approach Her loveliness. and. and less expressing The character of that dominion given O'er other creatures. and like folly shews. All higher knowledge in her presence falls Degraded. . complete. her the inferior in the mind I And inward faculties. deserts thee not. and be not diffident Of wisdom. weigh with her thyself. not after made Occasionally.

hath his seat In reason. . In loving thou dost well. Among the beasts no mate for thee was found. formed so fair.] PARADISE LOST. and heart enlarges. mixed with love And 26 sweet compliance. in passion not. human. rational. So awful. nor aught common to all kinds Though And higher of the genial bed by far. who sees when thou art seen least But Is if wise. 201 Then Than Ofttimes nothing profits more self-esteem. value. Made so adorn for thy delight the more. or in us both one soul : . seem such dear delight Beyond all other. What higher in her society thou find'st Attractive. . which declare unfeigned Union of mind. the sense of touch. replied: To whom In procreation. whereby mankind propagated. half abashed. think the same vouchsafed To cattle and each beast. and is judicious is the scale . thus. or passion in him move. love still . carnal pleasure for which cause. daily flow So much delights me. By which Not sunk to in heavenly love thou may'st ascend. the more thou know'st. The more she will acknowledge thee her head. Wherein true love consists not. that From all her words and actions. Well managed. with mysterious reverence I deemgraceful acts. as those Those thousand decencies. that with honour thou may'st love Thy mate. which would not be To them made common and divulged. Adam Neither her outside.BOOK VIII. Love refines The x thoughts. And to realities yield all her shows : grounded on just and right Of that skill.-57i-6o4. if aught Therein enjoyed were worthy to subdue The soul of man.

! . behold in wedded I pair ear. Approve and follow what To love thou blamest me is approve. and obstacle find none Of membrane. or soul with soul. As flesh to mix with flesh.2O2 PARADISE LOST. What inward thence I feel. I Variously representing. and how their love Express they. both the Irradiance. love's proper hue. but. exclusive bars. still from the sense free. Whatever pure thou in the body enjoyest And pure thou wert created we enjoy In eminence. to obey. free-will Would not admit: thine. virtual or immediate touch ? To whom Answered : the angel. union of pure with pure Desiring. Let it thou knowest Us happy. first of all. Harmony More to [BOOK VIII. the parting Sun. whom to love His great command. and keep lest Take heed passion sway Thy judgment to do aught which. if Easier than air with Spirits embrace.-6o5-6 3 8. Beyond Be the Earth's green cape and verdant isles Hesperian. Him. grateful than harmonious sound to the to thee disclose Yet these subject not. Bear with me. then. not therefore foiled. my signal to depart. Who meet with various the best. But I can now no more. live happy. nor restrained conveyance need. air. joint. and without love no happiness. for love. with a smile that glowed suffice thee that Celestial rosy red. else. if lawful what I ask: Love not the heavenly Spirits. The weal or woe in thee is placed beware . is and love. sets. way and guide. yet. and of all thy sons. strong. not. Total they mix. objects. thou say'st. by looks only. or limb. or do they mix Leads up to heaven.

-639-653.] PARADISE LOST. all the blest. he arose. ethereal messenger. heavenly guest. Sent from whose sovereign goodness I adore! Gentle to me and affable hath been ever Thy condescension. And all So temptation to transgress repel. saying. and Adam to his bower. Perfect within. and shall be honoured With grateful memory. Stand fast to stand or . thou to mankind Be good and friendly still. fall in thine own arbitrement it lies. Go. and oft So parted they: the Angel up return! to heaven From the thick shade. in 203 I And Free thy persevering shall rejoice. whom Adam thus : Followed with benediction Since to part. . no outward aid require.BOOK VIII.

on the part of Man. or rage Of Turnus for Lavinia disespoused.BOOK SATAN. : . loth to be thought not circumspect or firm enough. forbidden the serpent. alienated. and with him partake Rural repast. with many wiles and arguments . Now Anger and just and distaste. into Paradise . but more heroic than the wrath Of stern Achilles on his foe pursued. first gazing. by tasting of a to speech and reason. tree in the garden. the rather desirous to make trial of her strength . Sad task! yet argument Not less. in the enters into the serpent morning go forth to their labours. should attempt labouring apart her. distance. earth. about Troy wall. they seek to cover their nakedness . then fall to variance and accusation of one another. And disobedience. as with his friend. and breach Disloyal. by night. with meditated guile returns. Adam at last yields the serpent finds her alone his subtle approach. on the part of Heaven. that so long Perplexed the Greek. induces her at length to eat she. as a mist. to perish with her and. having compassed the Adam and Eve sleeping. attained to human be the speech. revolt sit NO more of talk where God. ire. familiar used To indulgent. extenuating the trespass. pleased with the taste. but perceiring her lost. how he tree. alleging the danger lest that enemy of whom they were forewarned. found alone Eve. Adam. or Angel guest. That brought into this world a world of woe Sin and her shadow death. rebuke. he attained both and such understanding. Or Neptune's 204 or Juno's. Thrice fugitive. . till then void of both. eats also of the fruit last brings : . : thereof in them both . Eve. wondering to hear the serpent speak. permitting him the while Venial discourse unblamed. With Man. not till now the serpent answers that. Eve requires him to bring her : : certain to that and finds it to knowledge. and judgment given. urges her going apart. I now must change Those notes to tragic: foul distrust. now grown bolder. which Eve proposes to divide in several places. and misery Death's harbinger. : IX. at first amazed. the effects resolves. then speaking with much flattery extolling Eve above all other creatures. asks Adam : . tree of . each consents not. through vehemence of love. and Cytherea's son. deliberates awhile whether to impart thereof to Adam or not at him of the fruit relates what persuaded her to eat thereof.

who late fled before the threats . short arbiter Twixt day and night. who deigns Her nightly visitation unimplored. caparisons and steeds. the better fortitude patience and heroic martyrdom Unsung or to describe races and games. Impresses quaint. In battles feigned fabled knights. long choosing and beginning Not sedulous by nature to indite Wars.-20-53-] PARADISE LOST. or inspires my first unpremeditated verse. in hall which justly gives heroic name To person or to poem. Twilight upon the earth. and now. whose office is to bring . Not hers. and after him the star Of Hesperus. hitherto the only argument Heroic deemed. With long and tedious havoc. If 205 answerable style I can obtain Of my celestial patroness. And Easy Since dictates to me slumbering. or years. this subject for heroic song late. Bases and tinsel trappings. from end to end. Pleased me.BOOK 1X. Me. damp my intended wing Depressed and much they may if all be mine. gorgeous knights At joust and tournament. chief mastery to dissect. or cold Climate. The sun was sunk. unless an age too late. of artifice or office mean. Of Or tilting furniture. When Satan. emblazoned shields. who brings it nightly to my ear. higher argument that Remains sufficient of itself to raise That name. Night's hemisphere had veiled the horizon round. . then marshalled feast Served up The Not skill with sewers and seneschals. of these Nor skilled nor studious.

maugre what might hap Of heavier on himself. all and found The Him. cautious of day. descried His entrance. and with it rose. long debate. By night he fled. on the coast averse stealth From entrance or cherubic watch. and From compassing the at midnight returned Thence. The space of seven continued nights he rode With darkness thrice the equinoctial line their watch. full of anguish. Into a gulf shot under ground. West from Orontes to the ocean barred At Darien.. by Found unsuspected way. first wrought the change. which of all Most opportune might serve his wiles. bent In meditated fraud and On Man's destruction. and forewarned the cherubim earth . thence to the land where flows Ganges and Indus. fearless returned. with inspection deep. involved in rising mist. irresolute.54 -8 7 . and. Sea he had searched. the eighth returned.306 PARADISE LOST. Of Gabriel out of Eden. regent of the sun. There was a place. Satan. now improved malice. Considered every creature. . and. Thus the orb he roamed With narrow search. [BOOK lx. not time. driven. traversing each colure. Now not. and the pool river up beyond the Ob. at the foot of Paradise. then sought Where to lie hid. till part Rose up a fountain by the tree of life : In with the river sunk. serpent subtlest beast of after the field. and. though sin. in length. : That kept He On circled. Downward as far antarctic. Where Tigris. and land Pontus. From Eden over Maeotis. Since Uriel. four times crossed the car of Night From pole' to pole.

and nobler birth Of creatures animate with gradual life Of growth. in other beasts observed. in whom -To enter. In thee concentring Of sacred influence! Is centre. as built With second thoughts. seat worthier of gods. Light above light. worse would build ? Terrestrial Heaven. danced round by other heavens That shine.BOOK IX. His bursting passion into plaints thus poured O Earth.-88-I2I. and his dark suggestions hide in the wily snake. after better. reason. From sharpest sight. . dens. but first. beyond the sense of brute. so much more I feel I But in Torment within me. sea. Not in themselves. fittest imp of for. forest Now land. his final sentence chose. Of and valley. could joy in aught hill. Rocks. Of thoughts revolved. delight could ! have walked thee round. if not preferred : More justly. yet their precious in As God all all . plant. Whatever As from his none would suspicious mark. and caves none of these Find place or refuge. 207 Fit vessel. all I summed up in Man. how like to Heaven. Doubt might beget of diabolic power Active within. for thee alone. yet bear their bright officious lamps. and plains. wit and native subtlety Proceeding. and the more I see Pleasures about me. receivest from those orbs thee. Sweet interchange woods. With what If I sense. from inward grief. sleights. as from the hateful siege . reforming what was old ! For what god. rivers. fraud. as all seems. beams Heaven in extends to so thou. now and shores with ! crowned. all their known virtue appears Productive in herb. Thus he resolved. which.] PARADISE LOST. Centring.

Angel-wings. but others to make such thereby worse to me redound. him destroyed. to spite us more. shall wide may range. From servitude inglorious. whom what may work his utter loss. to be avenged. perhaps. To me The be the glory sole in among to infernal Powers. and Earth his seat. What he decreed. 122-155. my state. He. well-nigh half The angelic name. All good to me becomes Bane. failed Whether such virtue. spent of old. this world. nor in Heaven. Him . To my Or won For In relentless thoughts to and. With heavenly spoils. indignity! Subjected to his service. and thinner left the throng Of his adorers. Not longer than since I. and who knows how long Before had been contriving though. no. man he made. Exalted from so base original. advance into our room A creature formed of earth. destroying I find ease . freed. O. and him endow. our spoils. now More Angels to create if they at least Are His created Determined to or. lord pronounced. and for him Magnificent. and in heaven much worse would be But neither here seek I. And to repair his numbers thus impaired.208 PARADISE LOST. unless to by mastering heaven's Supreme. [BOOK IX. six nights and days Continued making. To dwell. though For only in be myself less miserable seek. all this will soon that destruction Follow. one day have marred What He. Nor hope By what I As I. in one night. Almighty styled. Of contraries. woe then. and. He effected . all this was made. as to him linked in weal or woe. built.

fast sleeping. Booh . many a round.Him.. lines 182. soon he found In labyrinth of 39 JX. 183. self-rolled.

or palm. cedar.. and many a walk traversed Of stateliest covert. Book IX. lines 434. pine.Nearer he drew. 435. .

Nor nocent yet.BOOK IX. 156-189. That to the height of Deity aspired! will not But what ambition and revenge aspires. To Revenge. but. mixed with beastial slime. Not yet in horrid shade or dismal den. and. This essence to incarnate and imbrute. us the more to spite. Of these the vigilance dread . O that I. on him who next Provokes Of envy. Let it I reck not. where soonest he might find The serpent. low creeping. Spite then So saying. unfeared. and pry In every bush and brake. and the dark intent foul descent! I bring. possessing. obnoxious. he held on His midnight search. thus wrapt in mist glide obscure. or last. who erst contended -now constrained With gods to sit the highest. dank or dry. this new favourite Heaven. In at his mouth Fearless. well stored with subtle wiles . he slept. and his brutal sense. to watch and tend Their earthly charge. each thicket. back on itself recoils. on the grassy herb. 200 And I flaming ministers. so it light well-aimed. son of despite my . I Since higher fall short. soon inspired 27 . Bitter ere long. am Into a beast. Whom. fast sleeping. In heart or head. to elude. his Maker raised From dust. soon he found In labyrinth of many a round. through with spite is best repaid. and. Descend to? Who must down as low first As high he soared.] PARADISE LOST. basest things. His head the *midst. Him. in whose mazy folds Of midnight vapour. Like a black mist. at first so sweet. this man of clay. The devil entered. To hide me. self-rolled. where hap may find The serpent sleeping.

well may we labour still to dress : This garden. send up To the Creator. partake . while so near each other thus task all if. while In yonder spring of roses intermixed* myrtle. and flower. waiting close the approach of morn. or bind. Our Luxurious by restraint. One night or two with wanton growth derides. that breathed all Their morning incense. Or hear what to Leads thee. With Our what to redress till noon day : For. or direct wind The clasping ivy. thoughts present Let us divide our labours thou. what we by day Lop. or prune. herb. or prop. the work under our labour grows. whether The woodbine round this arbour. first now advise. we choose. . which intermits Looks intervene. gardening so wide. Tending to wild. when as sacred light began to dawn In Eden on the humid flowers. what wonder so near. came the human pair And joined their Vocal worship to the quire Of creatures wanting voice that done. and smiles. where choice to where most needs. . : my mind .210 PARADISE LOST. [BOOK IX. but till more hands Aid us. for much their work outgrew The hands' dispatch of two. still to tend plant. find I. where to climb. or object new Casual discourse draw on. prime for sweetest scents and airs: Then commune how that day they best may ply Their growing work. silent praise From the earth's great altar. therefore. With act intelligential . The season.- but his sleep Disturbed not. and His nostrils fill With forth grateful smell. Now. overgrown. or Thou. pleasant task enjoined. And Eve first to her husband thus began Adam. when things that breathe.

beyond living creatures dear God hath assigned us. To brute denied. for And good works Yet not so in her husband to promote. to Adam thus returned : Sole Eve. and of his own Despairing. associate Compare. above all Well hast thou motioned.BOOK IX. not the lowest end of human life. this sweet intercourse for smiles from reason flow. and delight to reason joined. For solitude sometimes best society. for thou know'st foe. Love. or Of looks and smiles. well thy thoughts employed. toil.. nor of . seeks to work us woe and shame By sly assault. For not to irksome He made us. to short absence is could yield . Food of the mind. These paths and bowers doubt not but our joint hands Will keep from wilderness with ease. or talk between. brought to little. But other doubt possesses me. nigh at hand. I Thee satiate. How we might best fulfil the work which here me. And short retirement urges sweet return. me shalt pass Unpraised nothing lovelier can be found In woman. whether food. What hath been warned us what malicious Envying our happiness. severed from me . though begun Early.] PARADISE LOST. with greedy hope to find .air Our day's work. and somewhere. . hath our Lord imposed Labour. lest harm Befall thee. and the hour of supper comes unearned ? To whom mild answer sole. and are of love the food. . than to study household good. Watches. but to delight. no doubt. But if much converse. as wide As we need walk. till younger hands ere long Assist us. as to debar us when we need strictly Refreshment.-224-257. perhaps.

Adam. Hopeless to circumvent us joined. To other speedy aid might lend at need. both by thee informed I learn.2i2 PARADISE LOST. To whom the virgin majesty of Eve. His violence thou fearest not. But that thou shouldst my firmness therefore doubt To God or May tempt As thee. or to withdraw disturb bliss Conjugal love. still shades thee. : austere composure thus replied Offspring of heaven and earth. Or this. behind. my firm faith and love Can by his fraud be shaken or seduced: they harbour in thy breast. guards her. His wish and best advantage. Adam replied: Thoughts. no Enjoyed by us excites his envy more . with healing words. and The wife. perhaps. His fraud is. who seeks Our ruin. As one who loves. because we have a foe expected not to hear.-2 5 8-2 9 i. then. than which. That gave thee being. Just then returned at shut of evening flowers. or with her the worst endures. Can either not receive. where danger or dishonour lurks. where each [BOOK Ix. that which plain infers Thy equal fear. immortal Eve! . Who Safest and seemliest by her husband stays. us asunder. not capable of death or pain. or can repel. or worse. being such I we. and some unkindness With sweet meets. to Whether his first design be Our fealty from God. which how found Daughter of God and Man. it. leave not the faithful side protects. And from the parting Angel As in a shady nook I stood overheard. and all earth's lord 1 That such an enemy we have. misthought of her to thee so dear? To whom. thy fear.

if need were. more watchful. at least asperses The tempted with dishonour foul. Of outward strength. supposed Not incorruptible of faith. stronger. But Eve. though bold. In thy sight I. which on us The enemy. Or daring. Subtle he needs must be. on. More wise. from Not diffident of thee do and blame entire . Thou thyself. Though ineffectual found. In narrow circuit straitened by a Subtle or violent. with scorn anger wouldst resent the offered wrong. while shame. The attempt itself. thus to dwell foe. If such affront I labour to avert And From thee alone. Nor thou his malice and false guile contemn.BOOK IX. and raised. shouldst not thou like sense within thee I feel am present. sin I 213 For such thou art. . best witness of thy So spake domestic Adam virtue tried? in his care. unite. will both at once hardly dare. from the influence of thy looks. thou looking Shame to be overcome or over-reached. who thought faith Less attributed to her sincere.] PARADISE LOST. Would utmost Why When vigour raise. intended by our foe. misdeem not. though in vain. dissuade but to avoid Thy absence from my sight. not proof Against temptation. then. : Thus her reply with accent sweet renewed If this be our condition. And matrimonial love. first on me the assault shall light. and thy trial choose With me. we not endued Single with like defence. 292-325. Nor think superfluous others' aid. receive Access in every virtue. For he who tempts. wherever met. who could seduce Angels.

his And what is faith. Frail is our happiness. we happy. To whom thus Adam thus exposed. should mind thee oft. affronts us with his foul esteem Of our integrity: his foul esteem Sticks no dishonour on our front. and mind thou me. our witness. And Eden were no Eden. for what obeys lies. His creating hand Nothing imperfect. Favour from Heaven. love. left Of all that he created. by some fair-appearing good surprised. then mistrust. yet possibly to swerve. virtue. suspect our happy state Left so imperfect by the Maker wise. but turns Foul on himself. much less man. if this be so . As not secure to single or combined. Tempting. and still erect. best are all fervently replied: things as the will Of God ordained them. enjoins. Within himself The danger within his power. Only our foe. Firm we subsist. But God left free the will. or deficient. But bid her well be ware. then wherefore shunned or feared By us. Against his will he can receive no harm. still in fear of harm ? But harm precedes not sin. find peace within.3 26-35 9 . How are [BOOK IX.. To do what God Not That I expressly hath forbid. who rather double honour gain From surmise proved false. but tender love. unassayed Alone. then. Or aught might Secure from outward that his happy state secure. She dictate false.214 PARADISE LOST. . and misinform the will Reason is free. from the event. O woman. force. yet lies and reason he made right. without exterior help sustained? Let us not. Lest.

To Pales. Oread. or Dryad. 215 Since reason not impossibly Some specious object by the foe And fall into deception unaware.. but Eve : yet submiss. But with such gardening tools as art. Wouldst thou approve thy constancy. or Pomona. trial thou think Go for thy stay. and most likely if from me Thou sever not. perhaps. Guiltless of fire.3 6o-393. or of Delia's train. Seek not temptation. and goddess-like deport. far less prepared. Soft she withdrew. do . Though not as she with bow and quiver armed. the other Not seeing thee attempted. . as she was warned. A So foe so proud will first the bent. may meet suborned. So spake Persisted . thus adorned. like a wood-nymph self.BOOK lX. approve First thy obedience .] PARADISE LOST. nor much expect weaker seek. that our trial. not free. though replied With thy Chiefly by permission. the more shall shame him Thus saying. But. trial will come unsought. and.. then. then. his repulse. when least sought. absents thee more Go in thy native innocence. if who can know ? who attest? unsought may find Us both securer than thus warned thou seemest. or Angels brought. Betook her to the groves but Delia's In gait surpassed. rely On what thou hast of virtue summon all For God towards thee hath done His part. : thine. which to avoid Were better. . Not keeping strictest watch. yet rude. from her husband's hand her hand light. May The find us both. the patriarch of mankind last. . willinger I go. had formed. and thus forewarned last what thy own reasoning words Touched only. .

but desiring more her stay. Eve separate he spies. And all things in best order to invite Noontide repast. of bliss For now. so thick the roses blushing round in oft About her glowed. but wished his hap might find Eve separate he wished. forth was come. wish. O much deceived. or to Ceres in her prime. ! Mere serpent And appearance. or send thee back Despoiled of innocence. Likest she seemed [BOOK ix. In bower and field he sought where any tuft Of grove or garden-plot more pleasant lay. He Of what so seldom chanced when to his Beyond his hope. By fountain or by shady rivulet sought them both. . Their tendance. Pomona. Veiled a cloud of fragrance. much return ! failing. or afternoon's repose. with hellish rancour imminent. his purposed prey. Oft he to her his charge of quick return Repeated she to him as oft engaged . stooping to support . hid among sweet flowers and shades Waited. 394-427. with ardent look.2I 6 PARADISE LOST. the Fiend. or plantation for delight. but not with hope . Yet virgin of Proserpina from Jove. of faith. his eye pursued Delighted. or sound repose! Such ambush. on his quest. and since first break of dawn. where likeliest he might find in The only two of mankind. where she stood. but in them The whole included race. hapless Eve. Her long. To be returned by noon amid the bower. ! Of thy presumed Thou never from event perverse that hour in Paradise Found'st sweet repast. To intercept thy way. Half spied. when she fled Vertumnus.

overawed His malice. unsustained then she upstays Gently with myrtle band. . or renowned . host of old Laertes' son. If chance. each rural sound . pine. and sewers. and in her look sums all delight. or palm Then voluble and bold now hid. for her now pleases more. and flowers Imbordered on each bank. : <+^* Alcinous. Nearer he drew. though gay . her heavenly form Angelic. Or that.] PARADISE LOST. to breathe Among the pleasant villages and farms Adjoined. purple. . annoy the air. thus alone soft.BOOK IX. What pleasing seemed. Forth issuing on a summer's morn. Where houses thick. and storm so nigh. or specked with gold. or tedded grass or kine. Hung drooping. Her graceful innocence. but more and feminine. where the sapient king Held dalliance with his fair Egyptian spouse. the person more: As one who. now seen Among thick woven arborets. the hand of Eve Spot more delicious than those gardens feigned Or of revived Adonis. cedar. not mystic. Much he the place admired. with nymph-like step. though fairest Of stateliest covert. Carnation. and many a walk traversed Herself. azure. The smell of grain. stalk. fair virgin pass. She most. to behold the sweet recess of Eve Thus early. Such pleasure took the serpent This flowery plat. from each thing met conceives delight. each rural sight. Or dairy. 217 Each flower of tender whose head. From her best prop so far. long in populous city pent. 428-461. mindless the while unsupported flower. her every air Of gesture. and with rapine sweet bereaved . or least action.

hope here Of pleasure. and all his thoughts pleasure. : The woman. though terror be in love informidable. not Whose higher intellectual more I shun. of courage haughty. Of guile. Though in mid heaven. What hither brought us ? Hate. But the hot hell that always in him burns. to forget . so much hath hell debased. under show of love well feigned. but all pleasure to Save what is destroy. Hate stronger. fit love for gods! Not terrible. inmate bad.-462-495 . not approached by stronger hate. His fierceness of the fierce intent it brought.2I g PARADISE LOST. to what I was in heaven. The way which to her ruin now I tend. whither have ye led me ! With what sweet nor hope Compulsion thus transported. That space the evil one abstracted stood [BOOK IX. Her husband. let me not let pass Occasion which now smiles behold alone in destroying . And beauty. of hate. mankind enclosed and toward Eve of . the more he sees Of Of him ordained then soon Fierce hate he recollects. And strength. not love to taste Of Paradise for Hell. She fair. nigh. I not. Then. other joy To me is lost. opportune to all attempts. So spake the enemy In serpent. not for : mischief. evil. soon ended his delight And tortures him now more. of revenge. and for the time remained Stupidly good of enmity disarmed. gratulating. divinely fair. and of limb Heroic though of terrestrial mould. for I view far round. From his own . and pain Enfeebled me. thus excites: Thoughts. Foe not exempt from wound. of envy. built.

his head Crested aloft. but minded not. and of his tortuous train Curled To Of a wanton wreath in sight of Eve. . He. he works his way. To such disport before her through From every beast. sidelong As when Nigh Veers oft. . by skilful steersman wrought. She. nor to which transformed Ammonian Jove. as one who sought access. that Floated redundant. river's mouth or where the wind shifts her sail: as oft so steers. 496-529. Of her attention gained. but feared To interrupt. or Capitoline this. bolder now. god was seen . And lovely. In Epidaurus . more duteous at Than at the her the herd disguised. with serpent tongue . the height of with her who bore tract oblique Rome.BOOK tx. Amidst his circling spires. call.] PARADISE LOST. trod. uncalled before her stood. Scipio. Prone on the ground. foreland. . busied. glad turret crest. Circular base of rising folds. his 219 Addressed way: not with indented wave. as used field. and carbuncle his eyes With burnished neck of verdant gold. heard the sound many rustling leaves. With At first. a ship. as since but on his rear. and So varied he. on the grass Pleasing was his shape. He. Circean call But as His in gaze admiring : oft he bowed and sleek enamelled neck. with Olympias. Lovelier not those that in Illyria changed or the Hermione and Cadmus. lure her eye. that towered a surging maze. erect Fold above fold. never since of serpent-kind . Fawning. and licked the ground whereon she His gentle dumb expression turned at length The eye of Eve to mark his play he.

and shallow to discern Half what in thee is fair. art sole if. subtlest beast of all the field I knew. thy daily train. but not with human voice endued . adored and served By Angels numberless. less wonder. who Thy looks. there best beheld. on all . Not unamazed. oft appears. this miracle. Wonder not. Thou canst. pronounced By tongue of brute. or impulse of vocal air. perhaps. Thee.-53<>-563. one man except. she thus answer spake: What may this mean? language of man. His fraudulent temptation thus began: [BOOK lX. I thought denied To beasts. serpent. Created mute to articulate sound . at least.22O PARADISE LOST. With ravishment beheld Where But here. much arm heaven of mildness. and thy celestial ! beauty adore. nor have feared awful brow. and in for in their looks their actions. Redouble. their creation-day. universally admired. then. whom God. I thus single. How earnest thou speakable of mute. Who see thee ? and what is one ? who shouldst be seen A goddess among gods. and gaze Insatiate. with disdain. of these. and say. and human sense expressed in ! Ths first.' So glozed the tempter. : . Organic. more awful thus retired. and his proem tuned Into the heart of Eve his words made way Though at the voice much marvelling at length. the sovereign mistress. things thine By gift. and how . The latter I demur Much reason. Fairest resemblance of thy Thy Thee Maker all fair all things living gaze on. these beasts among. In this enclosure wild. Beholders rude. Displeased that I approach thee thus.

5 64-597. the branches would require Thy utmost reach. I resolved Not to defer. high from ground. 22i To me so friendly grown. quickened at the scent Of that alluring fruit.BOOK IX. to I spared not. For. v Loaden with fruit of fairest colours mixed. for such wonder claims attention due. Amid the tree now got. for such pleasure. Till. At feed or fountain. where plenty hung pluck and eat my fill . Tempting. Or sex. of abject thoughts and low. To satisfy the sharp desire I had Of tasting those fair apples. above the rest Of brutal kind. or the teats Of ewe or goat dropping with milk at even. . on a day roving the field. till that hour. and apprehended nothing high: . I was at first as other beasts that graze The trodden herb. resplendent Eve Easy to me it is to tell thee all What thou commandest. more pleased my sense Than smell of sweetest fennel. with like desire Longing and envying stood. never had I found. so nigh. Powerful persuaders. To whom the guileful tempter thus replied ! : Empress of this fair world. I nearer drew to gaze Whom from the boughs a savoury odour blown.. or Adam's: round the tree. hunger and thirst at once. As was my food nor aught but food discerned. I chanced A goodly tree far distant to behold. Unsucked of lamb or kid. Grateful to appetite. About the mossy trunk I wound me soon . that tend their play. that daily are in sight? Say. urged me so" keen.] PARADISE LOST. but could not reach. and right thou shouldst be obeyed. Ruddy and gold. All other beasts that saw.

To whom the wily adder. where grows the tree? from hence how far? For many are the trees of God that grow In Paradise. all mind Considered all Or But earth. till men Grow up Help and more hands to disburden nature of her birth. though to this shape retained. Sated at length.222 PARADISE LOST. Fast by a fountain. and in thy beauty's heavenly United I beheld: no fair to thine Equivalent or second ! which compelled Me And thus. leaves a greater store of fruit untouched. thy overpraising leaves in doubt The virtue of that fruit. that fair and good in thy divine Semblance. swiftly rolled I . and Eve. ere long I might perceive Strange alteration in me. and speech [BOOK lx. and various yet unknown To As Still us . of right declared ! Sovereign of creatures. Thenceforth to speculations high or deep turned my thoughts. Wanted I not long. to their provision. one small thicket past Of blowing myrrh and balm if thou accept Empress. can bring thee thither soon. He. or all middle. to come gaze. in thee first proved. But say. on a flat. in such abundance lies our choice. universal dame talked the spirited sly snake. the way ready. Beyond a row of myrtles. to degree Of reason in my inward powers. said Eve. ray. and worship thee. then. : My conduct. leading. things fair and good. hanging incorruptible. unwary thus replied So : * Serpent.. and with capacious things visible in heaven. blithe and glad: is and not long. though importune perhaps. Yet more amazed.59 8-3i. Lead.

BOOK lX. To mischief swift. She scarce had said. The credit of whose virtue rest with thee. Wondrous. As when a wandering fire.-6 3 2-66 5 . Misleads the amazed night-wanderer from his way To bogs and mires. : Fruitless to me. our credulous mother. though brief. and oft through pond or pool. Which oft. Sole daughter of his voice: the rest. when she saw. when now more bold The tempter. indeed. There swallowed up and lost. Which. though fruit be here to excess. Yet lords declared of all in earth or air ? all Of To whom Of each But of the thus Eve. thus to her guide she spake Serpent. live To whom Indeed ! the tempter guilefully replied hath God then said that of the fruit : these garden-trees ye shall not eat. which the night Condenses. Hovering and blazing with delusive light. and into fraud Led Eve. our reason is our law. and joy Brightens his crest. if cause of such effects But of this tree we may not taste nor touch God so commanded. and made intricate seem straight. to the tree Of prohibition. we might have spared our coming hither. Ye Thereof nor shall ye touch it. and left that command ! . they say. with show of zeal and love . Compact of unctuous vapour. God hath said. Kindled through agitation to a flame. from succour far: So glistered the dire snake. some evil spirit attends. lest ye die. yet sinless : Of eat: the fruit tree in the fruit garden we fair may of this tree amidst shall not eat The garden. root of all our woe. and the cold environs round. Hope elevates. 223 In tangles. but.] PARADISE LOST. we Law to ourselves.

and not praise Rather your dauntless virtue. yet both live. if what is evil Be real. since easier shunned? . whatever thing death be. wise.-666-699. why npt known. which to the beast Is open ? Or will God incense his ire For such a petty trespass. yet comely. and. or free Flourished. some orator renowned. Meant me. sacred. where eloquence mute. Queen of this universe do not believe ! Those rigid threats of death. who have touched and tasted. by venturing higher than my lot. since Rome. and wisdom-giving plant. all impassioned. Fluctuates disturbed. as of some great matter to begin. As when. Ye shall not die. . Stood in himself collected act. moving. Sometimes in height began. as to passion moved. and in act Raised. Me. Mother of science now I feel thy power : ! Within not only to discern Things in their causes. and indignation at his wrong. how just ? of evil. audience ere the tongue. deemed however wise. knowledge of good and evil Of good. New part puts on . [BOOK IX. or to height up-grown. to some great cause addressed. as no delay Of preface brooking. Deterred not from achieving what might lead To happier life. thus began Oh. . How To should ye ? knowledge.224 PARADISE LOST. The tempter. me Of highest agents. In Athens. whom the pain Of death denounced. Shall that be shut to Man. but to trace the ways clear. through his zeal of right: So standing. Motion. And life more perfect have attained than fate By the fruit ? It gives you life By the Threatener? Look on me. To man. of old. each won while each part.

. 785. lines 784. Bock IX..Back to the thicket slunk The guilty serpent.

..42 Rained at their eyes. Nor only tears but high winds worse within Book IX. lines 1121-1123. Began to rise.

Knowledge of good and evil in this tree. shall human. your eyes. and freely taste. to put on gods death to be wished. 29 . and that advantage use On I our behalf. was Why. evil. and In heavenly breasts? many more Causes import your need of this fair fruit. Your fear cannot hurt ye. not God not feared then. Internal man. gods. perhaps. . Why. Not just. or Impart against His will. That whoso eats thereof. Goddess humane. if know? this tree all be His? Or is it envy? and can envy dwell These. then. forthwith attains Wisdom without their leave? And wherein to lies The offence. reach. since I as man. that it . ye. human. by putting off Human. 225 God. question for this fair earth I see. is but proportion meet. the sun. . Warmed by Them. nor obeyed . that seem so Yet are but dim. Though threatened. He knows that in the day clear. participating godlike food ? The gods are first. Knowing both good and That ye I. then. be as gods. who enclosed nothing.-700-733. of brute. these. and be just. Why. but to awe but to keep ye low and ignorant. shall presently be then Opened and cleared. as they know. . replete with guile.BOOK IX. of bring. all from them proceeds. His worshippers. : itself of death removes the this forbid ? fear. Ye eat thereof. that man may not become . therefore. As they. which no worse than this can And what are gods. He ended and his words.] PARADISELOST. So ye shall die. that man should thus attain What can your knowledge hurt Him. producing every kind If they all things. and ye shall be as gods.

to her seeming. with desire. and worthy to be admired . But. us. Whose Gave too long forborne.-7 ^. doubtless. Though kept from Man.22 6 PARADISELOST. Into her heart too easy entrance won Fixed on the fruit she gazed. and in her ears the sound Yet rung of his persuasive words. raised by the smellsavoury of that fruit. and with truth: Meanwhile the hour of noon drew on. all. who forbids thy use. while it infers the good By thee communicated. had. Yet first. and reasons. and taught taste. For us alone Irrational till then. and our want: . is as not had at In plain. then. to taste but His forbidding Commends thee more. what forbids He but or. if death Bind us with after-bands. we shall die ! How And dies the serpent? He hath eaten. not praise Thy made for speech. then. our doom is. which. death invented ? Was Or to us denied . Inclinable now grown to touch or taste. forbids us to be wise ? Such prohibitions bind not. Conceals not from naming thee the tree Of knowledge. to know. Solicited her longing eye. : Pausing awhile. Our inward freedom ? In the day we eat Of this fair fruit. For good unknown sure is not had And yet unknown.7 Might tempt alone. and speaks. knows. knowledge both of good and : evil . and lives. at first assay elocution to the mute. Forbids us good. which to behold : [BOOK lx. and waked An So eager appetite. what profits. impregned With reason. Forbids us. then. The tongue. thy praise. thus to herself she mused Great are thy virtues. and discerns. to speak He also. best of fruits.

she ate! Earth felt the wound. hitherto obscured. Forth reaching to the fruit. as seemed. jocund and boon.] PARADISELOST.-7 68-8oi . nought else Regarded. her works. but brings with joy The good befallen him. virtuous. And knew not eating death. inviting to the taste. Of virtue to reach. author unsuspect. infamed. know to fear Under this ignorance of good or evil. what guile.BOOK IX. and due Shall tend thee. then far ? from deceit or Rather. of law or penalty? Here grows the cure of all. ! O And thy . burden ease . whether true Intent now Or fancied so. And heightened as with wine. for beasts reserved ? first 327 This intellectual food. then. divine. each morning. and Nature. For beasts it seems yet that one beast which Hath tasted envies not. . What fear I. her rash hand. In fruit she never tasted. make wise at : what hinders. this fruit Fair to the eye. such delight till then. nor was godhead from her thought. . Satiate at length. gave signs of woe. Of God or death. she plucked. as to no end but henceforth my early care. only on her taste. fair fruit let Not without song. Created hang. for Eve. To and feed once both body and mind? So saying. Sighing through all That all was lost. Friendly to man. in evil hour. and the fertile praise. Back to the thicket slunk The guilty serpent and well might. precious of all trees In Paradise of operation blest To sapience. Thus to herself she pleasingly began: sovereign. Greedily she engorged without restraint. from her seat. through expectation high Of knowledge.

and remote to see from thence distinct Each thing on earth. not following thee. Of all. Experience. the A thing not undesirable. first low reverence done. who all things know. as to the power . . I extinct: death to think! Confirmed. offered free to Till. perhaps. I had remained And I. thou openest wisdom's way. enjoying. But what if God have seen. But keep the odds of knowledge in my power. as the gods. that with him deaths could endure without him live no So But saying. sometimes Superior. from the tree her step she turned. A Shall live with her. then. In female sex. perhaps. But to Adam in what sort Shall I appear? Shall I to him make known As yet my change. though secret she retire. had the gift been theirs. Heaven is high.228 PARADISE LOST. and. Though others envy what they cannot give: For. thy full branches. next. for. it had not here Thus grown. perhaps. I resolve. In knowledge. and other care. to thee I owe. wedded to another Eve. who is free? This may be well. am secret. May have diverted from continual watch Our great Forbidder. Best guide: In ignorance. And givest access. and give him to partake Full happiness with me. High.-8o2 -8 3 S. Adam So I shall share with I me in bliss or all woe life. And death ensue? Then I shall be no more! And Adam. And render me more equal. I grow mature [BOOK IX. dear love him. inferior. safe with all his spies About him. Without copartner? so to add what wants more to draw his love. or rather not. dieted by thee.

or not obeying. nor shall be twice for never more . within. But strange Hath been the This tree is cause. him she hasted. Waiting. Great joy he promised to his thoughts. had wove Of choicest flowers a garland. 836-869. 229 That dwelt whose presence had infused Into the plant sciential sap. The pain of absence from thy sight. there he her met. desirous her return. not. and Solace in her return. and wonderful evil to hear. in her hand bough of fairest fruit. he the faltering measure felt. divine of something ill. at my stay? Thee I have missed. A Scarce from the tree returning. wise. to adorn Her tresses. Mean I to try. The serpent. As reapers oft are wont their harvest queen. so long delayed : new Yet oft his heart.Boon IX. Adam.] PARADISE LOST. the while. nor to unknown the way. as we are told. . with bland words at will. agony of love till now Not felt. Misgave him. a tree Of danger Opening tasted. what rash untried I sought. Adam. deprived Thy presence. that downy smiled. And forth to meet her went. in her face excuse prologue. By the tree Of knowledge he must pass. the way she took That morn when first they parted. and is become. and apology too prompt. New To Came gathered. And hath been tasted such. she thus addressed: Hast thou not wondered. Which. drink of gods. and her rural labours crown. and make them gods who taste. Or not restrained as we. Hath eaten of the fruit. but of divine effect To open eyes. and thought it long. derived From nectar. and ambrosial smell diffused.

which for thee to Godhead spirits. . Thou. lost. without thee can despise. also taste. Not dead. but thenceforth Endued with human voice and human sense. . May join us equal joy as equal love Lest. amiable. Tedious. last and best ! Of all God's works creature. different degree Disjoin us. an-d all the faded roses shed . unshared with thee. that I [BOOK IX. to me is bliss. in whom excelled Whatever can to sight or thought be formed. good. amazed. divine. at length. sought. fairest of creation. wreathed for Eve. Dim erst. Holy. soon as he heard done by Eve. . Speechless he stood and pale till thus. that equal lot . therefore. while horror chill trespass Ran through his veins. thou not tasting. deflowered. her story told. On The the other side. and odious soon.230 PARADISE LOST. Down dropt. he inward silence broke : Oh. Thus Eve. and with me Persuasively hath so prevailed. or sweet! How art thou lost! how on a sudden Defaced. as we are threatened. and have also found The effects to correspond opener mine eyes .- Have also tasted. Reasoning to admiration. and all his joints relaxed From his slack hand the garland. For bliss. But in her cheek distemper flushing glowed. when fate will not permit. now to death devote! The hast thou yielded to transgress strict forbiddance how to violate how . and I then too late renounce Deity for thee. as thou hast part. First to himself. dilated And growing up Chiefly I ampler heart. fatal Adam. with countenance blithe. Astonied stood and blank. and Rather.

and love so dearly joined. and I Another rib afford. been only coveting to eye fruit. as one from sad dismay Recomforted. foretasted fruit. Yet so Perhaps thou shalt not die. bliss or woe. Submitting to what seemed remediless.BOOK ix. demi-gods. Mine So having said. perhaps the fact In not so heinous now. 231 The sacred fruit forbidden ? Some cursed fraud Of enemy hath beguiled thee. . or angels. for with thee my I resolution live is to die. thy state never shall be parted. How can without thee? How forego Thy To live sweet converse. as likely. in calm mood. tasting. and gains to live. inducement strong To us. Nor yet on him found deadly he yet lives . by him first ' Made common. his words to Eve he turned: Bold deed thou hast presumed. That sacred sacred to abstinence. which cannot be But to be gods. Much more to taste it. Higher degree of life . And Had peril great it provoked. undo ? Not God omnipotent. yet unknown. But past. and unhallowed. to attain Proportional ascent. 904-937. . as thou saidst. nor fate. flesh of Bone of my bone thou art. Profaned first by the serpent.] PARADISE LOST. no ! I feel The link of nature draw me. who thus hast dared. Thus. adventurous Eve. and from flesh. And me Certain with thee hath ruined . and after thoughts disturbed. yet loss of thee Would never from my heart : no. who can recall. ? again in these wild woods forlorn Should God create another Eve. under ban to touch. Lives. as Man. or done. ere our taste.

For us created. Our state cannot be severed we are one. example high ! Engaging me to emulate. lest the Adversary . . not to be given the Foe.232 PARADISE LOST. or aught than death more dread. whom God Most favours who can please Him long ? Me first He ruined. Certain to undergo like doom Consort with thee. do. Creator wise. dignified so high. . . think that God. needs with us . : Oh. his prime creatures. whom will he next? Matter of scorn. Illustrious evidence. And gladly of our union hear thee speak. though Creation could repeat. whereof good proof This day affords. So Adam and thus Eve to him replied . . One heart. Rather than death. in our fall. for what thou art is mine. Nor can I [BOOK ix. death is to : if death as life: me So forcible within my heart I feel The bond of nature draw me to my own My own in thee. who. I Be frustrate. glorious trial of exceeding love. and labour lose: Not well conceived of God. One flesh to lose thee were to lose myself. short Of thy perfection. one soul in both. linked in love so dear. declaring thee resolved. Dependent made so God shall uncreate. Though threatening. but. must fail. I with thee have fixed my lot. undo. yet would be loth Us to abolish.93 8^7i. Shall separate us. now mankind. his power Triumph and say: Fickle their state. However. how shall I attain ? Adam! from whose dear side I boast me sprung.. To undergo with me one guilt. . Set over all his works which. will in earnest so destroy Us. one crime.

flat seems to this. Adam took no thought. unequalled. Earth trembled from her In pangs . by presented This happy trial of thy love. such compliance bad Such recompense best merits. she freely taste. But fondly overcome with female charm. any be. as again . On my experience. And fear of death deliver So saying. iterate Eating his nor Eve to . and nature gave a second groan loured. not death. that what of sweet before eyes. Adam. as of choice to incur for Divine displeasure In recompense for her sake.] PARADISE LOST. I would sustain alone The worst. much won. -chiefly assured Remarkably so So thy so true.BOOK IX. than oblige thee with a fact Pernicious to thy peace. to the winds. but Augmented. rather die Deserted. while fill. from the bough She gave him of that fair enticing fruit to eat. for embraced him. Taste so divine. and. and not persuade thee. new Hath touched my sense. and harsh. some sad drops Wept at completing of the mortal sin Sky Original 30 . faithful love. and joy Tenderly wept. entrails. 233 If Whose good proceeds. of tasting this fair fruit. new joys. or death. or occasion hath Direct. but I feel late of life Far otherwise the event. opened hopes. Were it I thought death menaced would ensue This my attempt. that he his love Had so ennobled.-972-ioo 5 . which else virtue for of good still So eminently never had been known. muttering thunder. With liberal hand: he scrupled not : Against his better knowledge not deceived.

so inflame my sense \Yith ardour to enjoy thee. They swim in mirth. relish. nothing loth flowers were the couch. bounty of this virtuous treel So said he. . Her former trespass feared. But that false fruit Far other operation first displayed. of sapience no small part. whose eye darted contagious fire. repaid thus 'gan Eve to dalliance move: I now see thou art exact of taste. Began Till to cast lascivious eyes . And And elegant. and wedded thee. He led her. I the praise Yield thee. after such delicious fare. Thick overhead with verdant roof embowered. tasting. Since to each meaning savour palate call judicious . while we abstained From True this delightful fruit. For this one tree had been forbidden ten. now let us As meet is. and forbore not glance or toy Of amorous intent. Him As new wine intoxicated both. in lust they burn. we apply. Much pleasure we have lost. well understood Of Eve. and fancy that they with feel Divinity within them breeding wings. the more to soothe with her loved society. it might be wished. nor known till now such pleasure be In things to us forbidden. play. .-ioo6-io39 . so well refreshed. If But come. that now. For never did thy beauty. [BOOK IX. since the day I saw thee first.234 PARADISE LOST. so well this day thou hast purveyed. fairer now Than ever. . adorned \Yith all perfections. Her hand he seized and to a shady bank. Wherewith to scorn the earth. she him As wantonly Adam Eve. Carnal desire inflaming: he on Eve .

BOOK ix.] PARADISE LOST. . < 1 ><{ t ) . Soon as the force of that fallacious fruit. a ill. )> fL ~ And honour. and inmost powers Made err. Had shadowed them from knowing was gone Just confidence. . of their mutual guilt the seal. rose the Danite strong. The solace of their sin till dewy sleep / There they their . from To guilty shame : about them. . As from unrest. in hour thou didst give ear / that false worm. his strength . long they sat. their eyes ) Q Soon found how opened. each the other viewing. and find we know Both good and evil good lost. & *-{ if- Oppressed them. o . And hyacinth earth's freshest. 235 Pansies. veil. and in face . as their minds } How darkened. Bred of unkindly fumes. and asphodel. as stricken mute Till Adam. naked left he covered. fill of love and love's disport Took largely. though not less than Eve abashed. Innocence. ^ (& counterfeit man's voice true in our fall. from the harlot-lap Philistean Dalilah. but his robe Uncovered more. was now exhaled and grosser sleep. destitute Shorn of and bare Of all their virtue. up they . if this be to know. and 'violets. and evil got Bad fruit of knowledge. and native righteousness. So Of and waked they. since our eyes Opened we find. and that. . That with exhilarating vapour bland. and. of whomsoever taught . . Confounded \ O (g> ^ : At length gave utterance to these words constrained evil O To To Eve. with conscious dreams Q now had left him rose Encumbered. About their spirits had played. wearied with their amorous play. softest lap. silent. False in our promised rising.-io4o-io73. indeed. Herculean Samson.

and echoing walks between. impenetrable To star or sun light. Decan spreads her arms. and reproach us as unclean. Some tree. stained. Shame. a pillared shade. of the first Be sure then. where But let us now. the last of evils. together And girded on our loins. not that kind for at this day. that seem most To shame obnoxious. for the present. may cover round Those middle parts. that in the ground The bended twigs take root. that this new-comer. with innumerable boughs Hide me. of honour Of innocence. I ye pines! I* may never see them more! plight. [BOOK IX. devise as in bad What The best may. Of foul concupiscence whence evil store Even shame." In Malabar or High over-arched. Henceforth of God or Angel. How shall I behold the face .PARADISE LOST. There sit not. and unseemliest seen. Branching so broad and long. . whose broad smooth leaves. with their blaze Insufferably bright. there soon they chose fruit The fig-tree. of faith. serve to hide parts of each from other. So counselled he. as. wood. But such Indians known. Ye cedars. Which leaves us naked thus.-io74-i 107. of purity. where highest woods. /O-f ^ And in our faces evident the signs . and both together went Into the thickest sewed. erst with joy rapture so oft beheld ? Those heavenly shapes Will dazzle now this earthly. Our wonted ornaments now soiled and void. And In solitude live O! might I here savage. to renowned. in some glade Obscured. spread their umbrage broad And brown as evening! Cover me. and daughters grow About the mother-tree.

and. . but not at rest or ease of mind. who. hate. claimed thus distempered breast. Adam. with what they had. And full of peace. and stayed Superior sway. of late. Nor only Rained at their eyes. oft the 237 There Indian herdsman. their shame tears in part Covered. when that strange Desire of wandering. To gird their waist: vain covering. Mistrust. I know not whence possessed thee we had then .] PARADISE LOST. as I besought thee. Such proof. miserable . now tost and turbulent. Remained still happy. Shelters in cool. conclude they then begin to fail. shunning heat. anger. despoiled Of all our good shamed.BOOK IX. naked else. They Began sat them down to weep. Usurping over sovereign reason. if to hide Their guilt and dreaded shame Oh. naked. and shook sore . both in subjection now To sensual appetite. and wild that first To Among Thus the trees on isles and woody shores. from beneath.-nog-i 142. so girt With feather'd cincture. and the will Heard not her lore. ! Let none henceforth seek needless cause to approve The faith they owe when earnestly they seek . suspicion. fenced. Speech intermitted thus to Eve renewed Would thou hadst hearkened to my words. to rise Their inward state of mind. broad as Amazonian targe. and tends his pasturing herds At loop-holes cut through thickest shade. this unhappy morn. not as now. but high winds worse within high passions. how unlike ! leaves skill naked glory! Such. as they thought. Columbus found the American. Those They gathered. calm region once. together sewed. estranged in look and altered style. And. From : With me. discord. For understanding ruled not.

Enemy had been force. transgressed. foretold : ? The danger. restraint what could I more admonished thee. thus Eve What words have passed thy lips. Or here the attempt. To whom. Adam replied : Is this the love. soon moved with touch of blame. is this the recompense Eve. not I Who might have lived. he should mean me ill. To whom. ij-o"* ix. or to find force free-will hath here . as thou callest it. why didst not thou. have happened thou being by. Being as I am. and Hadst thou been firm and fixed Neither had I fair dismiss. ingrateful Immutable when thou wert lost. in my I warned thee. No ground Why Was of enmity between us known. I absolutely not to go. And am It I I now upbraided ? as the cause Of thy transgressing seems. perhaps? Hadst thou been there. as thou saidst? Too facile. to have never parted from thy side? As good have grown there still. didst permit. Going into such danger. in thy dissent. or seek to harm. speaking as he spake .-i 143-1 176. thou couldst not have discerned Fraud in the serpent. the head. which who knows : But might as ill Or to thyself. severe ? Imputest thou that to my default. a lifeless rib. That lay -^ beyond this And no place. approve. then. upon But confidence then bore thee on secure Either to meet no danger. and 'joyed immortal Yet willingly chose rather death with thee? bliss. Adam. Not enough severe. . nor thou with me. expressed : to thee. and the lurking in wait. thou didst not much gainsay: Command me Nay. Of mine then first incensed.238 PARADISE LOST. or will Of wandering.

also erred in overmuch admiring in thee so perfect. that I What seemed No evil durst And Him thought attempt thee. 1177-1189-] PARADISE LOST. is But I rue crime. . 239 Matter of glorious I and. trial. which thou the accuser. Lets her will rule: restraint she will not brook. perhaps.BOOK IX. will accuse. his weak indulgence in Thus they mutual accusation spent but neither self-condemning. if evil thence ensue. to worth left to first in woman overtrusting. And She herself. become my Thus it shall who. And of their vain contest appeared no end. befall That error now. The fruitless hours.

Omniscient? who. mind of the late and at length appeases him then. Sin and . up to the place of to this . world to and according . and ought to have still remembered. what can 'scape the eye or deceive His heart for just. is Satan arrives at Pandemonium . He sends His Son to judge the gives sentence accordingly then. conceiving better hope. hell man there To make their committed. . Was known Of God in heaven all-seeing. Whoever tempted which they. and free-will armed Complete to have discovered and repulsed Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend. to seek Eve. deluded with a show of the forbidden tree springing up before them. to evade the curse likely which he approves not but. more and more perceiving his fallen condition. X. Her husband she. the guardian angels forsake Paradise. preparing for earth. The proceedings of Sin and Death . their sire. and return up to heaven to approve their vigilance. approved God declaring that the transgressors who descends. Death. in all things wise and Hindered not Satan to attempt the mind Qi man. proud of his success. that her seed should be revenged on the serpent and exhorts her. she persists. they mutual gratulation. rejects the condolement of on their offspring. and the sit no longer confined in hell. with strength entire. but to follow Satan. .BOOK MAN'S trangression . to taste the fatal fruit. and . meet him. and how He. with himself also. : proposes to Adam violent ways. chew dust and bitter ashes. commands His several alterations in the heavens and elements. Incurred what could they sin. . in the serpent. his success against fro. resolve to way easier from hell Satan first by wondrous sympathy feeling the success of Satan in this new world. man entertained with a general hiss by all his audience. peace of the offended Deity. returning to in full assembly relates. by repentance and supplication. Adam. in pity. For still they knew. not to taste that fruit. with boasting. suddenly into serpents. sitting sin till then at the gates of the hell. instead of applause . . by man. had perverted Eve. . heavily bewails. they. fall. God foretells the final victory angels to to fall make of His Son over them. and re-ascends. but. not obeying. to the track that made then. clothes them both. they pave a broad highway or bridge over Chaos. puts her in promise made them. according to his doom given in Paradise then. haste. for the present. less ? the penalty. transformed. greedily reaching to take of the fruit. And 240 manifold in deserved to in I'p into heaven from Paradise. with him. and the renewing of all things. and are entrance of Satan could not be by them prevented. known. The high injunction. the heinous and despiteful act Of Satan done MEANWHILE in Paradise.

lines 99-101.They heard. 43 And from The his presence hid themselves among Book X. thickest trees. ..

expecting from the search Book X.. 439-441- .44 And now Each hour their great adventurer. lines Of foreign worlds.

Or_tojicJi^j^dth-44ghtest~moment of impulse left In evenLSCjale. no decree of mine fall. his secret cloud Amidst. thunder uttered thus his voice: Assembled Angels. Foretold so lately what would come to pass. towards the throne supreme. mute and For Man . haste. and speed On his bad errand. Which your sincerest care could not prevent. But fallen he is : and now What rests. And flattered out of all. their . for of his state by this they knew. man should be seduced. yet. be not dismayed. Much wondering how Entrance unseen.BOOK X. Nor troubled at these tidings from the Earth. The ethereal people ran. in multitudes. . They. believing lies Against his Maker. violated not their bliss. but that the mortal sentence pass On his transgression. and ye Powers returned From unsuccessful charge. the subtle Fiend had stolen as the Soon unwelcome news earth arrived at heaven-gate. 18-51. About the new-arrived. When first this tempter crossed the gulf from I hell. made make the appear. from easily in when Most High. displeased dim sadness did not spare All were who heard . * 241 The Angelic guards ascended. utmost vigilance. inflicted.] PARADISE LOST. as he feared. From That time celestial visages. mixed With pity. to Accountable. death denounced that day? Which he presumes Because not yet 81 already vain and void. to hear and know How all befell. told ye then he should prevail. With righteous plea. sad. And approved Eternal Father.

not repenting. But whom send I Vicegerent Son? judge them ? Whom but Thee. from his radiant seat he rose . to judge man fallen. this obtain right. his designed Both Ransom and Redeemer voluntary. . scorned. ere day end. both in heaven and earth. the worst on . and thee appease. that I may . Attendance none shall need. best absent. it may be seen that I intend ftmn/U' if uv~fti'- Easy Mercy colleague with justice. is condemned. And. thy Son beloved. : Mine. Justice shall not return. or Earth. light. nor train. Mayest ever rest well pleased. I . but soon shall find [. to do thy will Supreme that thou in me. Whoever judged. and rebel to all law: Conviction to the serpent none belongs. mitigate their I doom most where none On me derived yet shall temper so illustrate Justice with mercy. So spake the Father. and thus divinely answered mild Father Eternal. whether in Heaven. as bounty. By some immediate stroke. as may Them Are to fully satisfied. his Mediator. Thus saying. thine is to decree. and. unfolding bright Toward the right hand his glory. behold the judgment. To thee I have transferred to All judgment. go to judge On earth these thy transgressors but thou knovv'st. and. but the judged.242 PARADISE LOST. destined Man himself. sending Thee. . or Hell. Man's Friend. on the Son Blazed forth unclouded deity: He full Resplendent all his Father manifest Expressed. me must undertook When Of time shall be for so I Before Thee. Convict by flight.'* x5*-*5- Forbearance no acquittance. Those two: the third.

due at their hour. And shame. To sentence Man. wont with joy meet My Not coming. while day declined. Eve. thus entertained with solitude. Thrones and Powers.BOOK x. He first Love was not in their looks. hid myself. To fan the earth. more loath. and usher in The evening cool when He. Him. and hast not feared. and all the coast. and perturbation. he descended straight. . thus to Adam I called aloud Where art thou. without revile. and discomposed offend . and Whence Adam. now waked. Accompanied to Heaven-gate from whence Eden. Afraid. but apparent guilt. to each other. and obstinacy. Anger. Where obvious duty erewhile appeared unsought: Or come I less conspicuous. I faltering long. Adam. guile. being naked. . Came. replied My voice thou oft hast heard. thus in answered brief: the garden. or what chance detains ? Come forth ! To Or came. heard thee and of thy voice To whom : The gracious judge. the mild judge and intercessor both.-86-ij 9 . though with swiftest minutes winged. the speed of Gods Time counts not. Down Now was the sun in western cadence low From noon and gentle airs. and with him. though discountenanced both. garden. and despair. Princedoms. cool. till : God. pleased. They heard. 243 Of high collateral glory. And from His presence hid themselves among Now walking in the The thickest trees. in prospect lay. and Dominations ministrant.J PARADISE LOST. either to God. The voice of God they heard . from wrath more . by soft winds Brought to their ears. both man and wife. . or what change Absents thee. and hate. to Approaching. seen far off? miss thee here.

whose perfection far excelled in all real dignity? Adorned and her She was. replied: O Heaven in evil strait this day I stand ! ? Before my judge. how is it now become So dreadful to thee ? That thou art naked. and not expose By my complaint. And what she did. yet thou Wouldst easily detect what I conceal. who Hath told thee? Hast thou eaten of the tree Whereof I gave thee charge thou shouldst not eat To whom thus Adam. the partner of my life. that her thou didst obey ? thy guide. To whom Was the sovereign Presence thus replied: she thy God. Whose failing. or but her that to Superior..244 PARADISE LOST. could suspect no itself. and the place Wherein God set thee above her. so good. or to Myself the accuse My I other self. rejoiced . Thy love. Lest on my head both sin and punishment. . not thy subjection gifts . while her faith to me remains. I whom thou madest to be my help. That from her hand ill. sore beset. so divine. should I hold my peace. indeed. made of thee. However insupportable. equal. should conceal. me as thy perfect gift. And So gavest so acceptable. though. be all Devolved. to attract . and calamitous constraint. Thou didst resign thy manhood. This woman. and lovely. fit. but strict necessity to blame. whatever in Her doing seemed to justify the deed She gave me of the tree. Before His voice Or was she made And Hers for thee. Subdues me. and I did eat. either to undergo total crime. But still [Boon x.I2 o-i 53 .

without delay To judgment he proceeded on the accused Serpent. heard. When Jesus. and. Prince of the air.BOOK X. unable to transfer The guilt on him who made him instrument . More to know knew at last Concerned not man since he no further Nor altered his offence. and polluted from the end . and I Which when the Lord God did eat.] PARADISE LOST. Spoiled Principalities and Powers. judged as then best. though brute. and between thine and her seed . triumphed In open show. Her seed shall bruise thy head. his creation justly then accursed. Between thee and the woman I will put Enmity. Of Of As mischief. woman. on the serpent thus his curse let fall : Because thou hast done this. then. Saw Satan fall.-I54-187. Though And mysterious terms. shalt eat all the days of thy life. what is this which thou hast done? To whom sad Eve. with ascension bright. like lightning down from heaven. Confessing soon. which was thy part 245 And person. second Eve. Unseemly to bear rule. in first in sin. his doom applied. hadst thou known thyself aright. thou bruise his heel. So spake this oracle. with shame nigh overwhelmed. Were such as under government well seemed. thus abashed replied : The serpent me beguiled. thou art accursed field . he thus to Eve in few: Say. Son of Mary. each beast of the Upon thy And dust belly grovelling thou shalt go. vitiated in nature. yet not before her judge Bold or loquacious. Yet God To Satan. rising from his grave. then verified. . So having said. Above all cattle.

Must As when he washed his servants' As Father of his family. and shalt to dust return. The realm itself of Satan. Even He. Thou shalt not eat thereof. For dust thou art. thou in sorrow Shalt eat thereof all the days of thy it life .246 PARADISE LOST. know thy birth. he over thee shall rule. that now disdained not to begin Thenceforth the form of servant to assume. charged thee. and to thy husband's will Thine shall submit. Or. And the instant stroke of death. . Till thou return unto the ground for thou . shall bring thee forth. with youthful coat repaid. Nor he their outward only with the skins beasts. he clad feet . thus his sentence turned: will greatly multiply Thy sorrow thy conception children thou shalt bring In sorrow forth. so now Their nakedness with skins of beasts. saying. woman I . who now foretold his fatal bruise. On Adam last thus judgment he pronounced : Because thou hast hearkene'd to the voice of thy And eaten of the tree concerning which I wife..188-221. suffer change. denounced that Removed far off. long usurped. Cursed is the ground for thy sake. and thistles. but inward nakedness. Thorns. Captivity led captive through the air. Then pitying how they stood Before him. also. both J-udge and Saviour sent. LJnbid. Whom He And By to the shall tread at last under our feet. and thou shalt eat the herb of the field In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread. Out of the earth wast taken. . much more . as the snake. So judged he man. or slain. day. naked to the air. [BOOK x. And Of thought not much to clothe his enemies.

Stay his return. our great author. with fury driven punishment. why sit we here. By secretest conveyance. appeased. and happier seat provides For But Ere us. In glory. Wings growing. each other viewing Idly. Sin opening . he up returned. that now Stood open wide. With secret amity. Or sympathy. or their revenge. Beyond this deep whatever draws me on. since no place his I me rise. Powerful at greatest distance to unite. Opprobrious. as of old All. In counterview within the gates. with his robe of righteousness Arraying. covered from his Father's sight. Into his blissful bosom reassumed. with swift ascent. intercession sweet. though all-knowing. my shade must with me along. belching outrageous flame Far into Chaos. ere thus was sinned and judged on earth. who thus now to Death began : O son. over let this gulf Impassable. Methinks new strength within . while Satan. us try Adventurous work. thrives In other worlds. Meanwhile.] PARADISE LOST. feel By Can his fit avengers. impervious. Thou. 222-255. 247 To Him. . or some connatural force. and dominion given me large. like this he had returned. mixing. his offspring dear? It . But lest the difficulty of passing back Inseparable. what had passed with Man to Recounted. yet to thy power and mine .BOOK x. Him. perhaps. Within the gates of hell sat Sin and Death. cannot be if that success attends this him mishap. things of like kind. For Death from Sin no power can separate. since the Fiend passed through.

The way. but afford thee equal aid. into the waste nostril His Wide anarchy of Chaos. Where Satan now prevails a monument Of merit high to all the infernal host. . and with power their power was great Hovering upon the waters. As when a flock Of ravenous fowl. Flew diverse. such a scent I draw Of carnage. in bloody fight. so strongly drawn By this new-felt attraction and instinct. Nor shall I to the work thou enterprisest Be wanting. what they met.. Against the day of battle. So saying. for intercourse. from out Hell gates.25 6-289 . whither thus the meagre fate. I shadow answered soon nor err and inclination strong. Or transmigration. Then both. to found a path Over this main from Hell to that new World. though many a league remote. and taste The savour of death from all things there that live. as their lot shall lead. lured With scent of living carcases designed For death the following day. L B * X. From each side shoaling toward the mouth of Hell As when two polar winds blowing adverse : . to a field. So scented the grim feature. Nor can I miss the way. Sagacious of his quarry from so far. as in raging sea Tossed up and down. prey innumerable. together crowded drove. : Whom Go. Not unagreeable. Where armies lie encamped. shall not lag behind. damp and dark. with delight he snuffed the smell Of mortal change on earth. come flying. thou leading.248 PARADISE LOST. Solid or slimy. Lead thee . and upturned wide into the murky air. Easing their passage hence.

Smooth. The aggregated petrific. together drive ice. and. following the track Of Satan to the self-same place where he First lighted from his wing. on the left hand . to the outside bare this round world. inoffensive. and. the art Pontifical. 249 Mountains of that stop the imagined way soil. too fast they little made space hell And of this met of empyrean heaven world. with a trident smote. Europe with Asia joined. with his mace As As Delos. Beyond Petsora eastward. high-arched.] PARADISE LOST. And scourged with many a stroke the indignant waves. And with asphaltic slime. and landed safe From Of out of Chaos. With long reach interposed three several ways . Now Over had they brought the work by wondrous a ridge of pendent rock. great things to small may be compared. Death. down to hell. floating once. and fixed as firm his look to move . Upon the Cronian sea.BOOK x. the liberty of Greece to yoke. to the rich Cathaian coast. from hence a passage broad. to the sea. the rest Bound with Gorgonian rigour not cold and dry. Deep to the roots of Hell the gathered beach fastened. They and the mole immense wrought on. joining to the wall Immovable of this now fenceless world. if easy. With And And The chains they made all durable! And now in confines pins of adamant fast. a bridge Of length prodigious. 290-323. Forfeit to Death . Over the foaming Deep. So. his Memnonian palace high. From Came Susa. vexed abyss. broad as the gate. Xerxes. over Hellespont Bridging his way.


In sight, to each of these three places led. And now their way to earth they had descried,

[BOOK X.- 3 24-357-


tending; when, behold! Satan, in likeness of an angel bright,

Betwixt the Centaur and the Scorpion steering His zenith, while the sun in Aries rose,

Disguised he came; but those his children dear Their parent soon discerned, though in disguise.

Eve seduced, unminded slunk Into the wood fast by; and changing shape To observe the sequel, saw his guileful act,

By Eve, though all unweeting, seconded Upon her husband saw their shame that sought Vain covertures. But when he saw descend The Son of God to judge them, terrified




not hoping to escape, but shun

present; fearing, guilty, what His wrath Might suddenly inflict; that past, returned



Sat in

and listening where the hapless pair their sad discourse, and various plaint,

Thence gathered his own doom which understood Not instant, but of future time, with joy

And And

tidings fraught, to hell he
at the brink of



Chaos, near the foot

new wondrous pontifice, unhoped Met, who to meet him came, his offspring


Great joy was at their meeting, and at sight


stupendous bridge his joy increased. Long he admiring stood, till Sin, his fair Enchanting daughter, thus the silence broke:



Parent, these are thy magnific deeds,

Thy trophies which thou view'st Thou art their author, and prime

as not thine



no sooner



heart divined







which by a


connection sweet

moves with

thine, joined in

That thou on earth hadst prospered, which thy looks


also evidence, but straight




distant from thee worlds between, yet


with this thy son Such fatal consequence unites us three. Hell could no longer hold us in her bounds,
after thee,



unvoyageable gulf obscure Detain from following thy illustrious


hast achieved our liberty, confined Within Hell-gates till now thou us empowered






and overlay,


portentous bridge, the dark abyss. Thine now is all this world thy virtue hath



With Our foil

thy hands builded not thy wisdom gained, odds, what war hath lost, and fully avenged



There didst

Here thou shalt monarch reign, There let Him still victor sway,


battle hath




new world




own doom



henceforth monarchy with thee divide
things, parted

by the empyreal bounds, His quadrature, from thy orbicular world Or try thee now more dangerous to his throne.


thus the Prince of Darkness answered glad:

Fair daughter, and thou son and grandchild both High proof ye now have given to be the race

Of Satan

for I glory in the


Antagonist of heaven's Almighty King Amply have merited of me, of all


infernal empire, that so near heaven's


Triumphal with triumphal
Mine, with this

have met, glorious work, and made one realm.


Hell and this world, one realm, one continent

[BOOK x.- 39 2-42 5


Of easy





Descend through darkness, on your road, with To my associate Powers, them to acquaint With these successes, and with them rejoice


You two



All yours, right

among these numerous down to Paradise descend
in bliss


There dwell, and reign Dominion exercise, and
Chiefly on

thence on the earth

in the air,

Man, sole








sure your



lastly kill.





and create

Plenipotent on earth, of matchless might
Issuing from me. My hold of this


your joint vigour now,

new kingdom


Through Sin to Death exposed by
your joint power No detriment need



prevail, the affairs of 'hell


and be strong.

They with speed Their course through thickest constellations held, Spreading their bane the blasted stars looked wan


saying, he dismissed them.


planets, planet-struck,

real eclipse

Then suffered. The causey to



way Satan went down



either side

Disparted Chaos overbuilt exclaimed, And with rebounding surge the bars assailed, That scorned his indignation. Through the gate,

Wide open and unguarded, Satan And all about found desolate for



to sit there,


left their



to the

upper world; the rest were

to the inland retired, about the walls

Of Pandemonium, Of Lucifer, so by

and proud seat

allusion called

BOOK X.-426-459-]







that bright star to Satan paragoned:

There kept
In council

watch the legions, while the grand solicitous what chance

emperor sent; so he, Departing, gave command, and they observed. As when the Tartar, from his Russian foe,

Might intercept



Of The realm

snowy plains or Bactrian Sophi, from the horns Turkish crescent, leaves all waste beyond

Astracan, over the

of Aladule, in his retreat


Tauris or Casbeen

so these, the late


host, left desert



Many a dark league, reduced in careful watch Round their metropolis, and now expecting
Each hour
their great adventurer,

from the search


foreign worlds.


through the midst, unmarked,

show plebeian angel

Of lowest order, passed and from Of that Plutonian hall, invisible
his high throne, which,

the door




richest texture spread, at the
in regal

upper end
a while

Was placed He sat, and


round about him saw, unseen. as from a cloud, his fulgent head
since his


shape star-bright appeared, or brighter, clad

With what permissive glory


him, or false




that so


blaze, the Stygian throng

their aspect,



Their mighty chief returned. Forth rushed in haste the great consulting peers, Raised from their dark divan, and with like joy

they wished beheld, Loud was the acclaim;

Congratulant approached him, who with hand Silence, and with these words, attention won







Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Virtues, Powers! For in possession such, not only of right,



and declare ye now, returned

Successful beyond hope, to lead ye forth Triumphant out of this infernal pit,

Abominable, accursed, the house of woe, And dungeon of our tyrant now possess,


lords, a spacious world, to

our native heaven

adventure hard, With peril great, achieved. Long were to tell What I have done, what suffered with what pain
Little inferior,




Voyaged the unreal, vast, unbounded Deep Of horrible confusion over which, By Sin and Death, a broad way now is paved,


expedite your glorious march but I Toiled out my uncouth passage, forced to ride

The untractable Abyss, plunged Of unoriginal Night and Chaos

in the



That, jealous of their secrets, fiercely opposed My journey strange, with clamorous uproar

Protesting fate supreme






The new-created

world, which fame in heaven

Long had foretold a Of absolute perfection

fabric wonderful,

therein man,

Placed in a Paradise, by our exile

Made From



by fraud
and, the


have seduced
to increase

his Creator;


Your wonder, with an

He, thereat
hath given up
this world,



worth your laughter beloved Man and all

To To To

Sin and Death a prey, and so to Without our hazard, labor, or alarm, range


to dwell,

and over man

rule as over all


should have ruled.

BOOK. X.-494-527.]




also he hath judged, or rather



but the brute serpent,

whose shape

That which




Is enmity,

which he

put between
to bruise his heel


and mankind.


His seed, when is not set, shall bruise my head. A world who would not purchase with a bruise,

Or much more grievous pain ? Ye have the account Of my performance. What remains, ye gods,
But up, and enter now
into full bliss?

So having

said, awhile

he stood, expecting

Their universal shout, and high applause, To fill his ear; when, contrary, he hears, On all sides, from innumerable tongues,


dismal universal
public scorn.





wondered, but not long wondering at himself now more.


His visage drawn he felt to sharp and spare, His arms clung to his ribs, his legs entwining





down he


monstrous serpent, on his belly prone, a greater Power Reluctant, but in vain Now ruled him, punished in the shape he sinned, According to his doom. He would have spoke,



hiss for hiss returned with forked


forked tongue.
his bold riot.

For now were


tongue transformed

Alike, to serpents

as accessories

Dreadful was the din

Of hissing through the hall, thick-swarming now With complicated monsters, head and tail,
Scorpion, and Asp, and Amphisbaena dire, Cerastes horned, Hydrus, and Ellops drear,



not so thick swarmed once the


Bedropt with blood of Gorgon, or the



[BOOK X.- S 28- 5 6i

greatest he the midst,

Now Dragon

grown, larger than


the sun


Pythian vale on slime, Python, and his power no less he seemed
in the

the rest


to retain.



followed, issuing forth to the open Where 'all yet left of that revolted rout,



Heaven-fallen, in station stood, or just array, Sublime with expectation when to see
In triumph issuing forth their glorious chief. They saw, but other sight instead a crowd

Of ugly


Horror on them fell, serpents! horrid sympathy for, what they saw,





their arms,


both spear and shield down they as the dire hiss renewed, and the dire form

Catched, by contagion, like in punishment, As in their crime. Thus was the applause they meant

Turned to exploding hiss, triumph to shame, Cast on themselves from their own mouths. There stood


grove hard by, sprung up with this their change, His will who reigns above, to aggravate Their penance, laden with fair fruit, like that

Which grew Used by the


Paradise, the bait of




that prospect strange

Their earnest eyes they fixed, imagining For one forbidden tree a multitude




work them



or shame.

Yet, parched with scalding thirst

and hunger


to delude

sent, could

not abstain

heaps, and up the trees Climbing, sat thicker than the snaky locks That curled Megaera. Greedily they plucked

But on they rolled


fruitage fair to sight, like


which grew

Book X. lines 521-523. thick swarming now With complicated monsters.Dreadful was the din Of hissing through the hall.. head and tail. 45 .

. they both betook them several ways.46 This said.. Book X. iuie 610.

drugged as oft. However. Too soon Once Sin. instead of fruit Chewed bitter ashes. permitted. and joy for man seduced. With hatefulest disrelish writhed their jaws. whom they called Ophion. so oft they fell Into the same illusion. and . And fabled how the of their purchase got. not as Man Whom they triumphed once lapsed. there in in power before.] PARADISE LOST. Meanwhile in Paradise the hellish pair arrived . Second of Satan sprung. and to dwell behind her. With soot and cinders filled. Oft they assayed. to undergo This annual humbling. not the touch. thyself half starved ? Unnamed. certain numbered days. Near that bituminous lake 257 where . Yearly enjoined. they resumed. had first the rule Of high Olympus. Death. undreaded. Thus were they plagued. serpent. Till their lost shape.BOOK X. the wideEncroaching Eve. To dash their pride. which the offended taste With spattering noise rejected. perhaps.-562-595. long and ceaseless hiss. This more delusive. Hunger and thirst constraining. thence by Saturn driven And Ops. Habitual habitant body.Sodom flamed . And worn with famine. They. ere yet Dictaean Jove was born. Close following pace for pace. with Eurynome. but taste Deceived. fondly thinking to allay Their appetite with gust. actual. some tradition they dispersed Among the heathen. some say. all-conquering Death ! What With Than 33 thinkest thou of our empire now. not mounted yet On his pale horse to whom Sin thus began : . though earned travail difficult? Not better far still at Hell's dark threshold to have sat watch. now .

and fruits. I to them had quitted all. his looks. morsels . and for destruction to mature Sooner or later. on these herbs. No homely I. A To place so heavenly gratify and. or Paradise. on each beast next. To stuff this though plenteous. and drew them thither. Alike Hell. bright Orders uttered thus his voice : See with what heat these dogs of hell advance To waste and havoc yonder world. seem my scornful enemies.. and had still Kept in that state. Which here. this vast un-hide-bound corpse. as transported with some fit Of passion. so doth the Prince of hell And his adherents. that with so much ease I suffer them to enter and possess . This said. words. actions. That laugh. had not the furies. is thus the sin-born monster answered soon : who with eternal famine pine. the incestuous : mother thus replied Thou. and fish. all infect. To whom and whatever thing The scythe of Time mows down. through the race. And know not that I called. which the Almighty seeing. From his To those transcendent seat the saints among. Till in man residing. Whom To me. or Both unimmortal make All kinds. where most with ravine may meet. and flowers. or Heaven I . all too little seems maw. [ BoOK x. devour unspared. His thoughts. they both betook -them several ways. which I So Let fair and good created. Feed first.258 PARADISE LOST. And season him thy last and sweetest prey. if. There best. folly of man in these wasteful who impute Folly to me. to destroy. .596-6 2 9. and fowl. therefore. conniving. At random yielded up to their misrule.

-6 3o-66 3 . . the earth with cold and heat to call Scarce tolerable. well-pleasing Son.] P A-R A D I S E L O S T. and yawning grave. to the Son. square. at one sling Of thy victorious arm. He Sung ended. Through multitude that sung: Just are thy ways. Through Chaos hurled. at last. Who can extenuate Thee ? Next. that shall receive no stain : Till then. Of noxious efficacy. While the Creator. Then Heaven and Earth. To the blank moon they prescribed. Both Sin and Death. Or down from heaven descend. as the sound of seas. Destined Restorer of mankind. crammed and gorged. Which of them rising with the sun. and aspects. 359 My hell hounds. In sextile. to the other five Her office Their planetary motions. As sorted best with present things. obstruct the mouth of hell For ever. shall be made pure To sanctity. renewed. to lick up the draff and filth Which man's polluting sin with taint hath shed On what was pure . nigh burst With sucked and glutted offal. or falling. and opposite.BOOK X. from the south to bring summer's heat. calling forth Such was by name their song. the curse pronounced on both precedes. till. all Righteous are thy decrees on thy works . His mighty Angels. so shine. and when to join In synod unbenign and taught the fixed Their influence malignant when to shower. The sun Had first As might his precept so affect move. and seal up his ravenous jaws. and the heavenly audience loud hallelujah. . gave them several charge. by whom New heaven and earth shall to the ages rise. and trine. and from the north to Decrepit winter Solstitial .

Should prove tempestuous . Corrupt and pestilent: now. Some say. and the Samoed shore. to the set . . except to those to each clime. Avoided pinching cold and scorching heat? These changes in the heavens. Equal in days and nights. Some say. while the low sun. as from Thyestean banquet. To recompense his distance. i more than now. At that tasted fruit. which had forbid the snow From cold Estotiland. twice ten degrees and more. He bid his Angels turn askance The poles of earth.-664-697 . and the Virgin. and the Scales. to bring in change Of seasons Else had the spring Perpetual smiled on earth with versicant flowers. By Leo. Up to the tropic Crab thence down amain . and the Spartan Twins. when with bluster to confound the thunder when to roll Sea. in their sight Had rounded still the horizon. though slow. sidereal blast. The sun. From the sun's axle they with labour pushed Oblique the centric globe. Bursting their brazen dungeon. Was bid turn reins from the equinoctial road Like distant breadth to Taurus with the seven Atlantic Sisters. and south as far Beyond the polar circles . how had the world .2 6o PARADISE LOST. Vapour. armed with ice. and shore [BOOK x. and mist. air. and not known Or east or west. turned His course intended else. to Beneath Magellan. Inhabited. them day Had unbenighted shone. the sun . and exhalation hot. With terror through the dark aerial hall. from the north Of Norumbega. As deep as Capricorn. produced Like change on sea and land. winds they Their corners. though sinless.

as fierce. or. : Devoured each other. or shall beget. . deservings. but fled him. and seas upturn With adverse blasts upturns them from the south . Eurus and Zephyr. once heard Delightfully Now Increase and multiply. from without. and me so late The glory of that glory ? who now. These were. But this will not serve. among the irrational lifeless Death introduced. and Caecias.-6g8-73i. death to hear! for what can I increase. and Afer. become Accursed of blessed. whom to behold was then my height Of happiness Yet well. To sorrow abandoned. through Beast fierce antipathy. though hid in gloomiest shade. hide me from the face Of God. black with thunderous clouds From Sierra Liona. The growing miseries which Adam saw .BOOK X. All that I eat or drink. Notus. and would bear ! . Thus began first. Thrascias. And And snow. to disburden sought with Sad complaint: Oh miserable of happy! Is this the end Of this new glorious world. Glared on him passing. with their lateral noise. and stormy gust and and Argestes loud. Already in part. thwart of these. flaw. 261 Boreas. Sirocco and Libecchio. and fowl with fowl. with countenance grim. rend the woods. Is My own propagated curse. with fish to graze the herb all leaving. Oh voice.] PARADISE LOST. but worse felt within And Thus in a troubled sea of passion tost. and hail. but Discord Daughter of Sin. Forth rushed the Levant and the Ponent winds. now fish And with beast 'gan war. if here would end The misery I deserved it. nor stood much in awe Of man. Outrage from things.

it were but right And equal to reduce me to my dust. not thy But natural necessity. cavil the conditions? and. reproved. Wouldst thou admit for his contempt of thee election. Sufficient penalty. though Oh To mould me man ? Did From darkness to promote I solicit thee me. I sought it not. So. but.262 PARADISE LOST. Desirous to resign. 732-765. why hast thou added of endless woes? Inexplicable Thy justice seems. besides Mine own that bide Shall with a fierce upon me. Thou Then Made didst accept them: wilt thou enjoy the good. whatever. or here place In this delicious garden ? As my will Concurred not to my being. To the loss of that. On Of me. as on their natural centre. God though if thee without thy leave. fleeting joys dear Paradise. All I received unable to perform . and render back. will curse Ill head this ? fare we may our ancestor impure thank Adam but his thanks ! ! Shall be the execration. on my head ? Who My For of evil all ages to succeed. . That proud excuse ? Yet him. Yet. light in their place. to say truth. Or The multiply. Wherefore didst thou beget me ? retort. what thy son Prove disobedient. Maker. feeling on him brought by me. all from me reflux on me redound . by which I was to hold I sought not. from my clay ! Heavy. then should have been refused Those terms. begot. bought with lasting woes Did I request thee. but curses [BOOK x. Thy terms The good The sense too hard. when they were proposed. and. too late I thus contest.

Lest that pure breath of life the spirit of Man Which God inspired. is wrath also Be man not so. since this appease human ? reach no farther knows: all it. would torment me With cruel expectation.] PARADISE LOST. in the grave. so. Yet one doubt I Pursues me still.7 66-799. But mortal doomed. my sentence. which to God himself . Why am mocked with Insensible ! As in my glad would lay me down. and of his own To serve him thy reward was of his grace . lest all cannot die. his dreadful voice no more Would thunder in my ears. mother's lap There I should rest. justly is at his will. Oh. let All of me. for I I submit. shall die: doubt. whom death must end? Can he make deathless death ? That were to make Strange contradiction. Be it then. 263 . For though the Lord of his be infinite.BOOK X. who knows thought was but breath shall die a living if death ? Oh Horrid. his doom ! That dust am. true! Yet why? It Of life that sinned. and to my offspring. ? What dies but what had life And The Is sin The body properly hath neither. Thy punishment. God made thee of choice his own.. cannot together perish With this corporeal clod Or in some other dismal But I . is fair. then. then. no fear of worse To me. place. welcome hour whenever Why delays His hand to execute what his decree this I Fixed on day ? Why do I overlive ? and lengthened out To deathless pain ? How gladly would I meet Mortality. and be earth death. and shall to dust return. How can he exercise Wrath without end on man. ! How And sleep secure.

but endless misery From this day onward which I feel begun Both in me. and without me and so last To perpetuity : ah. If guiltless? But from me what can proceed will depraved. own Bereaving sense. as I supposed. in me all fair patrimony Posterity stands cursed That I must leave ye. acquitted stand Him. held. lead But to my own conviction: first and last me still On me . as argument Will he draw out. For one man's fault. and incorporate both Nor I on my part single. why should all mankind. and leave ye none how would ye bless Me. sons Oh. though through mazes. . to the extent of their That death be not one But say sphere. were ! I able ! To So waste it all myself. sake. Of weakness. to satisfy his rigour. not For anger's of power. all after all disputes. But all corrupt. and spring the blame lights due . act. Forced I absolve: my evasions vain. By which all causes To the reception of Not according still their matter. And reasonings. me only.-8oo-8 33 . both mind and Not to do With me? In sight of only. finite to infinite In punished man. disinherited. now your curse! Ah. Both death and .264 PARADISE LOST. law. then. thus guiltless be condemned. but to will the same How God? can they. me ! that fear Comes thundering back with dreadful revolution I On my defenceless head. as the source all Of all corruption. Satisfied never? That were to extend His sentence beyond dust and nature's else. stroke. Impossible is [BOOK X. Are found eternal.

other echo late Whom thus afflicted. Why fail comes not Death. thou serpent! That name best . find no way. alike past example like. from deep to deeper plunged ! Thus Adam to himself . Through the still night not now. And 1 Into what abyss of fears horrors hast thou driven me out of which . when sad Eve beheld. lamented loud. O fountains.] PARADISELOST. Justice divine not hasten to be just? But Death comes not at call .-834-86.-. ! Mends not her slowest pace for prayers or O To woods. hillocks. : Out of my 34 sight. and mild. and resound far other song. and oft Cursed his creation . with stern regard. but with black air Accompanied Which with damps and dreadful gloom. heavier than the earth to bear ! ! 265 So might all the wrath Fond wish Than With the world much ? that bad thou woman though divided Thus. to his evil conscience represented . And what Of Beyond destroys all hope refuge. approaching nigh. with one thrice-acceptable stroke To end me ? Shall truth keep her word. and future . All things with double terror.BOOK X. and cool. couldst thou support That burden. what thou desirest. he thus repelled sat. heavier. I and bovvers With taught your shades answer. Desolate where she . Death as oft accused Of tardy The day execution. and concludes thee miserable all fearest. To Satan only conscience ! both crime and doom. Soft words to his fierce passion she assayed But her. since denounced of his offence. to Said he. on the ground Outstretched he lay. justice divine cries. on the cold ground. as ere man fell. dales. Wholesome.

-868-goi. And more that shall befall. To trust thee from my side. as supernumerary To my With number found. And wandering when least was safe. this fair defect Of nature. all but a rib Crooked by nature. but that thy shape. without feminine. Rejected my forewarning. innumerable Disturbances on earth through female snares. Like his. or mistake. I by thee. may show Thy inward fraud. bent. lest that too heavenly form. More Well to the part sinister. snare them But for thee ! I had persisted happy. Or whom he wishes most shall seldom gain. Rather than solid virtue. Creator wise. and disdained Not to be trusted longing to be seen. mature. Though by the Devil himself. Nothing wants. but such As some misfortune brings him. him leagued. imagined wise. him overweening To over-reach but. as angels. Constant. create at last This novelty on Earth. Henceforth. Or find some other way to generate Mankind? This mischief had not then befallen. with [BOOK X. and not fill the world at once With men. pretended To hellish falsehood. and colour serpentine.266 PARADISE LOST. Fooled and beguiled by him thou. proof against all assaults And understood not all was but a show. with the serpent meeting. . . that peopled highest heaven spirits masculine. . . if from me drawn ! thrown just out. And straight conjunction with this sex: for either He never shall find out fit mate. . to warn all creatures from thee Befits thee. . as now appears. thyself as false And hateful. Oh why did God. had not thy pride vanity.

Between us two let there be peace both joining. besought His peace. counsel. What I love sincere. . 902-936. and unweeting have offended. me only. against God and And to the place of judgment will return. where subsist? My While yet we live. On me exercise not . one enmity Against a foe by doom express assigned us.BOOK x. But Eve. and from her turned. Whither shall I betake me. withheld . embracing them. but shall see her gained By a far worse or. There with my cries importune Heaven. bear thee. . already lost. Which infinite calamity shall cause To human life. That cruel serpent. but thou thee. in this uttermost distress live. and reverence in my heart. More Both have sinned I . and thus proceeded in her plaint: Forsake me not thus. Thy suppliant. Through her perverseness. may light me. scarce one short hour perhaps. Against God only. that The all On Me sentence. He added Not so not. sole cause to thee of all this woe . 267 parents or his happiest choice too late Shall meet. and. As joined in injuries. . and clasp thy knees I . from thy head removed. Adam ! witness. Heaven. thy aid. with tears that ceased not flowing.] PARADISE LOST. Unhappily deceived ! I beg. bereave me not. Whereon Thy thy gentle looks. his hate or shame By . just object of His ire! . and household peace confound. only strength and stay forlorn of thee. Thy On hatred for this misery befallen me. And Fell tresses all disordered. if she love. me than thyself miserable. already linked and wedlock-bound To a fell adversary. at his feet humble. repulsed.

Now at his feet submissive in distress fair his . of what thou knowest not. how we may lighten other's burden. in this day's our share of woe. whom As one disarmed. if aught I see. by sad experiment know find. his anger all he lost. His counsel. whom thus Eve. and her lowly plight. So now. nor blame strive. Each Each Since other. she had displeased.93 7-97o. as before. Will prove no sudden. and by me exposed. let us no more contend. . alas! Bear thine own first. That on my head all might be visited. who desirest The punishment all on thyself. ill able to sustain feelest as yet least part. to that place Would speed before thee. Creature so aid. Soon his heart relented Towards her. She ended. but In offices of love. his : Unwary. ill. whose thou I And my Could displeasure bearest so If prayers alter high decrees.2*8 PARADISE LOST. recovering heart. but a slow-paced evil long day's dying to augment our pain. blamed enough elsewhere.. death denounced. . And thus with peaceful words upraised her soon reconcilement seeking. Thy frailty and infirmer sex forgiven To me committee!. in Adam wrought Commiseration. But rise. weeping. [BOOK x. His full wrath. replied I : Adam. thence by just event unfortunate nevertheless. and too desirous. and sole delight. Immovable till peace obtained from fault Acknowledged and deplored. his life so late. A And to To our seed (O hapless seed!) derived. and be louder heard. How little weight my : words with thee can Found so Found so erroneous.

thoughts in my Or end. to place Of new Thy acceptance. And. 971-1004. begotten. Why stand we longer shivering under fears That show no end but Death and have the power. he not found. supply With our own hands his office on ourselves. to certain woe. Conversing. with desire. let us make short. though sharp and sad. to prevent The race unblest. so Childless thou art. and with us two Be forced to satisfy his ravenous maw. . . the sole contentment of my heart. to being yet unbegot. hopeful to regain love. yet tolerable. loving. must be in at last Food for so foul a monster thy power It lies yet. Tending to some relief of our extremes.] PARADISE LOST.BOOK X. it Which must be born devoured By death To be to Our own at last and miserable is others cause of misery. Before the present object languishing With like desire. But if thou judge love's it hard and difficult. from thee will not hide What unquiet breast are risen. torment less than Let us seek Death . and of easier choice. That. Then. As in our evils. ere conception. to languish without hope. or. looking. vile as I 269 Restored by thee. which would be misery And none of what we dread. Death Shall be deceived his glut. I Living or dying. both ourselves and seed at once to free From what we fear for both. am. childless remain . nuptial embraces sweet. to abstain From due rights. If care of our descent perplex us most. and of our loins to bring Into this cursed world a woeful race. after wretched life.

: To But self-destruction therefore sought. Destruction with destruction to destroy ? She ended here. But Adam. Or if thou covet death. hath contrived Against us this deceit to crush his head Would be revenge indeed which will be lost By death brought on ourselves. as dyed her cheeks with pale. better hopes his . Not thy contempt.270 PARADISE LOST. We are by doom to pay. than so To be forestalled much more I fear lest death. or childless days Resolved. Of many ways to die. L Boolt x. but anguish and regret For loss of life and pleasure overloved. which methinks have in view. . our Satan. in the serpent. or vehement despair of Death her thoughts Had entertained. calling to mind with heed amends! unless grand foe. So snatched. that thy seed shall bruise The serpent's head Be meant. will not exempt us from the pain . so much more attentive mind Labouring had raised and thus to Eve replied Eve. such acts Of contumacy will provoke the Highest To make death in us live. doubt not but God Hath wiselier armed his vengeful ire. rather. as utmost end Of misery. so thinking to evade The penalty pronounced. 1005-1038. Part of our sentence. the shortest choosing. who. Broke off the rest. refutes That excellence thought in thee and implies. with such counsel nothing swayed. Then let us seek Some I safer resolution. as thou proposest. thy contempt of life and pleasure seems To argue in thee something more sublime And excellent than what thy mind contemns. whom I piteous conjecture. so our foe ! .

Or. Without wrath or reviling. unworthy. pitying while he judged .] PARADISE LOST. teach us further by what means to shun The inclement seasons. unbesought. and snow! Which now the sky. rain. hail. and we.BOOK x. which bids us seek Some better shroud. if we pray him. On me the curse aslope Glanced on the ground with labour I must earn . when. begins To show us in this mountain . My My Or bread what harm? Idleness had been worse. with various face. Remember with what mild And gracious temper he both heard and judged. impatience -and despite. while the winds Blow moist and keen. 1039-1072. soon recompensed with 'joy. and his hands Clothed us. to thee And bringing forth. Reluctance against God. lo! Pains only in child-bearing were foretold. and his heart to pity incline. grind . shattering the graceful locks Of these fair-spreading trees. lest cold heat should injure us. will his ear Be open. ice. and wilful barrenness That cuts us off from hope. labour will sustain me. How much And more. Instead. provided. shall double ours upon our heads. of violence Against ourselves. be mentioned then. expected We which we thought Was meant by death that day. Immediate dissolution. and. and savours only No more Rancour and pride. some better warmth. to cherish Our limbs benumbed. ere this diurnal star Leave cold the night. Fruit of thy womb. and his just yoke Laid on our necks. how we his gathered beams Reflected may with matter sere foment. / 271 Shall 'scape his punishment ordained. by collision of two bodies. his timely care Hath.

in and turn whose look serene. rude in their shock. our final rest and native home. and humiliation meek ? air Undoubtedly he will . in sign Of sorrow unfeigned. Justling. . to the place Repairing where he judged us. sent from hearts contrite. The air attrite to fire: [BOK x. relent. whose thwart flame. penitent.272 * PARADISE LOST.-io73 -iio 4 . and with our sighs the Frequenting. nor Eve fell they. reverent. . What better can we do. till we end In dust. sustained He will instruct By him with many comforts. and there confess Humbly our faults. Frequenting. prostrate fall Before him. and mercy shone? his displeasure From So spake our Felt less remorse : father. and most severe. reverent. driven down. and pardon beg. prostrate Before him. forthwith to the place Repairing where he judged them. and humiliation meek. in sign Of sorrow unfeigned. or pushed Tine the slant lightning. What else but favour. far. When angry most he seemed. than. us praying. sent from hearts contrite. and both confessed and pardon begged. and of grace Beseeching him. grace. Kindles the gummy bark of fir or pine. as late the clouds with winds. with tears Watering the ground. So as we need not fear To pass commodiously this life. with tears Watering the ground and with their sighs the air Humbly their faults. And sends a comfortable heat from : Which might supply the sun such fire to use And what may else be remedy or cure To evils which our own misdeeds have wrought.

By their great Intercessor. than when the ancient suitors . they. where the golden altar fumed. : but submits : the angel leads him up to a high hill . . sets before him in vision what shall happen till the flood. in this golden censer. : XI. Father. mixed incense. thy priest. And With prayers. Yet their port nor important less Seemed their petition. repentant stood. in lowliest plight. I. that sighs now breathed Unutterable. before thee bring: 273 . Adam pleads. to restore The race of mankind drowned. Deucalion and chaste Pyrrha. nor missed the way. Before the came in sight Father's throne: them the glad Son : Presenting. less ancient yet than these. before the shrine Of Themis stood devout. : of God presents to His Father the prayers of our first parents now repenting.BOOK THE Son . Eve's lamentation. which the Spirit of prayer Inspired. Not of mean pair. In fables old. which. thus to intercede began See. and winged for Heaven with speedier flight Than loudest oratory. by envious winds Blown vagabond or frustrate: in they passed Dimensionless through heavenly doors then clad With incense. To Heaven their prayers Flew up. Adam shows to Eve certain ominous signs he discerns Michael's approach goes out to meet him the angel denounces their departure. and intercedes for them God accepts them. The stony from their hearts. Praying for from the mercy seat above Prevenient grace descending had removed . and made new flesh Regenerate grow instead. but declares that they must no longer abide in Paradise sends Michael with a band of cherubim to dispossess them but first to reveal to Adam future things Michael's corning down. . : . what first-fruits on Earth are sprung From thy implanted grace in man these sighs .

Obtain. Those pure immortal elements that know I No As gross. I. from these receive The smell of peace toward mankind let him Before thee reconciled. at first. or not good. as may dispose him best For dissolution wrought by sin. serene: All thy request for Man. and of incorrupt Corrupted. tainted now. Interpret for him. without cloud. But. Now. And immortality. than those his Which. one with me. from thy seed Sown with contrition in his heart. as I with thee am one.-26. let Unskilful with what words to pray. me. no unharmonious mixture foul. ere fallen From innocence. with two fair gifts Created him endowed. hear his sighs. own hand manuring. to air as gross.59 . where with me my redeemed may To whom Made dwell in joy and bliss. and for these Accept me. Shall perfect. and purge him a distemper gross. till death. not to reverse better life shall yield him. Fruits of [BOOK xi. and. And mortal food. . therefore. me. the Father. ingraft. all his works on me. off. accepted Son. with happiness. in my merit those my death shall pay. The law gave to nature him forbids.274 PARADISE LOST. though sad. that fondly lost. bend thine ear To supplication . more pleasing savour. all the trees Of Paradise could have produced. . Good. though mute. that first Distempered all things. all thy request was my decree. Eject him. longer in that Paradise to dwell. his doom which I To To All mitigate thus plead. his me Advocate And propitiation . at least his days live Numbered.

and evil not at all.BOOK XI. signal high the bright minister that watched. As how And To with peccant Angels late they saw. his now bolder hand . till. where'er they sat In fellowships of joy. from his throne supreme. He My sorrows now. the waters of life. though firm. to second life. motions in him longer than they move. or spring. His knowledge of good lost. call us to . and refined By faith and faithful works. From their blissful bowers Of amaranthine By shade. To know both good and evil. His final remedy. the Sons of Light Hasted.-60-93-] PARADISE LOST. And took their seats. The angelic blast the regions. resorting to the summons high. Happier. had it sufficed him to have known Good by itself. in their state. repents. . Lest. . When God To sound Filled all descended. synod all the blest Through heaven's wide bounds from them I will not hide My judgments. therefore. He blew in He ended. once more a general doom. Waked But let in the renovation of the just. and prays contrite. Till I 275 provided death: so death becomes after life. and. Resigns him up with heaven and earth renewed. like one of us Man is become. : The Almighty O thus pronounced his sovereign will Sons. how with mankind I proceed. stood more confirmed. His heart Self-left. perhaps. since his taste Of that defended fruit but let him boast . fountain. heard Oreb since. I know how variable and vain. and the Son gave His trumpet. Tried in sharp tribulation. perhaps. This other served but to eternise woe. and. and evil got.

Haste thee. though sorrowing. in behalf of man. And send him from the garden forth to till The ground whence he was taken. So send them And. fruit Man once more to all delude. drive out the sinful pair. Cherubic watch and of a sword the flame . intermix My covenant woman's seed renewed. in peace. and from the Paradise of God. Reach also of the tree of life. He For ceased swift and the archangelic Power prepared descent. with him the cohort bright . and eat. At the sad sentence rigorously urged For I behold them softened. fitter soil. shall thee enlighten in the forth. Wide-waving. To Adam what As I shall come . yet place.276 PARADISE LOST. live for ever. thy bidding they obey. lest they faint Perpetual banishment. and With whose stolen .. behest have thou in charge.94 127. And dream at least to live For ever to remove him I decree. life. and denounce To them. Where entrance up from Eden easiest climbs. some new trouble raise. And guard all passage to the tree of Lest Paradise a receptacle prove To spirits foul. this my Thy Or choice of flaming warriors. and to their progeny. from thence Yet. From hallowed ground the unholy . on the east side of the garden. Dismiss them not disconsolate reveal . all approach far off to fright. [BOOK XI. my trees their prey. lest the Fiend. Take to thee from among the cherubim Michael. in future days. Without remorse. or to invade Vacant possession. and with tears all Bewailing their excess If patiently terror hide.

watchful Cherubim. new hope to spring Out of despair. rightly called Mother of Mankind. Which. and to my memory His promise.BOOK Xl.-ia8-i6i. faces each double Janus all their shape Spangled with eyes more numerous than those Of Argus and more wakeful than to drowse.] PARADISE LOST. as to concern the mind Of God. Meanwhile. . all hail to thee. Or one short sigh of human breath. persuasion in me grew That I was heard with favour. that thy seed shall bruise our Foe. . Bending his ear. or his opiate rod. But that from us aught should ascend to Heaven So prevalent. Charmed with Arcadian pipe. Man is to live. Mother of things living. joy. and we all shall live. and found Strength added from above. Eve. To re-salute the world with sacred light. and all things live for Man. Hard to belief may seem. Had. like a 277 Of Four . and with fresh dews embalmed when Adam and first matron Eve Had ended now their orisons. Methought I saw him placable and mild. high-blest. For since I sought By prayer the offended Deity to appease. or to incline His will. but with fear yet linked Which thus to Eve his welcome words renewed The earth . the pastoral reed Of Hermes. : may The good which we Eve. then not minded in dismay. upborne Even to the seat of God. yet this will prayer. Whence. easily faith admit that all enjoy frorri heaven descends. and before him humbled all my heart. since by thee. yet now Assures me that the bitterness of death Is past. peace returned Home to my breast. Leucothea waked. Kneeled.

Where'er our day's work Laborious till though now enjoined dwell. me vouchsafest. but fate Subscribed not. not unmoved. by mute signs in Nature. though in fallen state. all pursued a gentle brace. Forerunners of His purpose. transgressor. That who first brought death on all. The bird of Jove. I. with sad demeanour. impressed suddenly eclipsed. shows. smiling. with his eye the chase Pursuing. But infinite in pardon was my Judge. much-humbled Eve first . am graced The source of life. field But the with sweat imposed. these Which Heaven. and all dispraise. meek: title To should belong me. So spake. and. beast. next favourable thou. 162-195. some further change awaits us nigh. so wished. or to warn . stooped from his aery tour. To whom Ill-worthy I [BOOK xt. air sight. never from thy sidt henceforth to stray. begins labour calls us. progress. content. to Eve thus spake: O Eve. After short blush of morn. Nigh. help. for thee ordained such : A became thy snare to me reproach Rather belongs. . Though after sleepless night for see the Morn. Direct to the eastern gate was bent their flight. Who To highly thus to entitle Far other name deserving. While here we What can be toilsome in these pleasant walks ? Here let us live. hart and hind. All unconcerned with our unrest. thus Eve. Nature air gave signs. Adam observed. lies. day droop.2? 8 PARADISE LOST. Two birds of Down from a Goodliest of gayest plume before him drove. who. in her On bird. distrust. the forest. First hunter then. the beast that reigns in woods. ! now Her rosy I Let us forth. hill.

in the east. hill. covered with a camp of fire. Down A glorious apparition.-i96-23 9 . Who And knows thither more than this. War unproclaimed. by this. had levied war. which. The princely hierarch In their bright stand there left his Powers. and on a hill made halt. and what till then our life. thus spake : Of expect great tidings. to surprise One man. Darkness ere day's mid-course. To Adam sheltered. when the Angels met Jacob in Mahanaim. perhaps. From yonder blazing cloud that veils the . 279 Us. took his Not unperceived of Adam who to Eve. Against the Syrian king. the heavenly bands from a sky of jasper lighted now In Paradise. assassin-like. Of flight pursued in the air. or impose laws to be observed . to seize Possession of the garden. that we are must return. for. xi. and be no more? or dust. and o'er the ground. And slow descends with something heavenly fraught? He erred not. alone. One way the self-same hour? Why.HOOK. now New for I descry. had" not doubt And carnal fear that day dimmed Adam's eye. because from death released Some days. While the great visitant approached.] PARADISE LOST. haply too secure of our discharge From penalty. Not that more glorious. find where way. how ? long. and morning-light More orient in yon western cloud. that draws O'er the blue firmament a radiant white. Why else this double object in our sight. Eve. He . who. that which on the flaming mount appeared In Dothan. where he saw The Nor field pavilioned with his guardians bright. us will soon determine.

should much confide. from his state Inclined not. But longer in this Paradise to dwell Permits not. With reverence He Not must meet. ended. that nor sociably mild. None of the meanest. Adam bowed low. hung the sword. . thy Lord. for Adam. appeased. and the Archangel soon drew I nigh. then. As in a glistering zodiac. To remove thee I am come. some great Potentate. wherein thou mayest repent. Then due by sentence when thou Defeated of his seizure didst transgress. Heaven's high behest no Sufficient that thy prayers are heard . In . That I should fear. but his coming thus declared : Adam. Satan's dire dread. at the news . kingly. And send thee from the garden forth. manhood where youth ended by his side. but as man arms Clad to meet him. 230-263. I As Raphael. and Death. in his shape celestial. But solemn and sublime whom. And one bad act with many deeds well done Mayst cover: well may. Over his lucid A Of military vest of purple flowed. such majesty Invests his coming. by his gait. Livelier than Melibcean. fitter soil. One of the heavenly host. not to offend.2 8o PARADISE LOST. Or of the Thrones above. [BOOK XI. to till The ground whence thou wast taken. or the grain worn by kings and heroes old In time of truce: Iris had dipt the woof. Given thee of grace. His starry helm unbuckled showed him prime Sarra. preface needs. Redeem thee quite from Death's rapacious claim. and. yet not terrible. He. many days. and in his hand the spear. He added not. and thou retire.

ye to the sun. Eve. That never will in other climate grow. : whether among the Thrones. from thee part. opening bud. To Michael thus his humble words addressed Celestial. Thus over fond. 281 Heart. to this obscure wild ? How we breathe in other air fruits ? : Less pure. and my last even. lastly. or rank and water from the ambrosial fount? With what nuptial bower. for such of shape may seem . That all his senses bound Eve. nor set thy heart. and gave ye names Who now shall rear tribes. Quiet. My At early visitation. with thee goes Thy husband him to follow thou art bound Where he abides. accustomed to immortal Whom Lament thus the Angel interrupted mild not.BOOK XI. or named Of them 36 the Highest. Paradise soil ! ? thus leave Thee. . and his scattered spirits returned. by me adorned to sight or smell was sweet.-264-297-] P A R A D I S E L O S T. who unseen. with audible lament : Discovered soon the place of her retire: O unexpected stroke. by this from the cold sudden damp . How And shall I and whither wander down shall Into a lower world. but patiently resign What justly thou hast lost. Adam. think there thy native soil. worse than of Death ! Must I thus leave thee. Yet all had heard. the respite of that day That must be mortal to us both O flowers. Thy going is not lonely. with chilling gripe of sorrow stood.struck. ? gods where I had hope ? to spend. though sad. Recovering. native Fit haunt of these happy walks and shades. which the first I bred up with tender hand ! From Your Thee. on that which is not thine.

On this mount He appeared. in wound.-2 9 8. departing hence. or footstep trace? For though To life him angry. which might And.2 8a PARADISE LOST. these pines his voice here with Him at this fountain talked. gently hast thou told else in telling Thy message. and only consolation left Familiar to our eyes all places else Inhospitable appear. Nor knowing Incessant. Stood I visible. This most afflicts me. What besides Of sorrow. place by place where he vouchsafed Presence Divine. and Our frailty can Departure from and despair. and flowers. and fruits. in memory Or monument to ages. Therefore to His great bidding I submit. yet. heard. deprived Here I could frequent. by prayer Of Him could hope to change the will who all things can. As from His face I shall be hid. With worship. performing. this happy place our sweet Recess. dejection. I now I fled . recalled prolonged and promised race. and pile up every stone Of lustre from the brook. among vSo many grateful altars I would rear Of grassy turf. end us. But prayer against his absolute decree No more avails than breath against the wind. I us. that. sustain.3 3i. and desolate. under this tree His blessed countenance. and to my sons relate. Blown stifling back on him that breathes it forth. Prince above princes ! [BOOK Xl. and thereon Offer sweet-smelling gums. In yonder nether world where shall I seek His bright appearances. thy tidings bring. I would not cease with To weary him my assiduous cries. nor known : and if.

thou hast lost. and warmed. his face Express. only. Not this rock Land. their But this Earth. and all the earth. and to thy offspring. air. sinfulness of men By moderation Safest thy life. Surmise not. in valley down Yet doubt not but is. equally inured . as here. thy capital seat. I am sent To shew thee what shall come in future days To thee. know.-332-365-] PARADISE LOST. and of his presence following thee. good with bad Expect to hear. brought pre-eminence dwell on even ground now with thy sons. Prosperous or adverse. either state to bear. Which that thou mayst believe. All generations. and will be found alike a sign compassing thee round Present. and to temper joy with fear pious sorrow. No despicable gift. . and His omnipresence fills and every kind that lives. So shalt thou lead and best prepared endure . from whence had spread. supernal grace contending With True And thereby to learn patience. Fomented by his virtual power. with regard benign: thou knowest heaven His. From all the ends of the And reverence thee. and be confirmed Ere thou from hence depart. and far off his steps adore. and had hither come. then. Perhaps. To whom Adam. sea. thus Michael.BOOK XI. to celebrate To God Still great progenitor. His presence to these narrow bounds confined Of Paradise. All the earth he gave thee to possess and rule. or Eden this had been. and in plain. skirts Gladly behold though but his utmost Of glory. still many With goodness and Paternal love. and of his steps the track divine.

and Lahor. ken. in the wilderness. when for I it comes.234 PARADISE LOST. and their glory. and Melind. So both ascend It In the visions of God. To Paquin. nor could his eye not ken to his The empire utmost port and the less maritime kings. walls And Samarcand by Oxus. seat of Cathaian Cham. of Negus . I thus Adam gratefully replied : Thou However follow thee. the path leadest me. and Quiloa.. [BOOK Xl. lay. I so may attain. To show him all Earth's kingdoms. As once thou sleptest. His eye might there City of old or command wherever the seat stood modern fame. while she to life was formed.3 66-399. to the evil turn My By If obvious breast. for different cause. chastening. was a hill. from whose The hemisphere of Earth. . sat. arming to overcome suffering. and earn rest from labour won. or since In Hispahan or where the Russian Czar In Moscow or the Sultan in Bizance. nor wider looking round. Of Paradise the highest. of Great Mogul. Ascend have drenched her eyesHere sleep below. Whereon. . Of mightiest empire. of Sinaean kings and thence To Agra. Ercoco. safe guide. Down to the golden Chersonese or where . let Eve To whom Ascend. Thy This mortal passage hill . Stretched out to the amplest reach of prospect. in clearest top. Turchestan-born . while thou to foresight wakest. The Persian in Ecbatan . the Tempter set Our second Adam. Not higher that hill. and to the hand of Heaven submit. from the destined Of Cambalu. Temir's throne. Mombaza.

for he had much to see. Fez and Sus. sheep-walks and folds In the midst an altar. Thither. life the inmost seat of mental sight. and beheld a field. who never touched The excepted tree. The kingdoms of Almanzor. But to nobler sights Michael from Adam's eyes the film removed. and yet unspoiled Guiana. Part arable and tilth. Had bred then purged with euphrasy and rue The visual nerve. Sofala 285 And thought Ophir to the realm : Of Congo.-400-433-] PARADISE LOST. whereon were sheaves New reaped the other part. Sunk down. the richer seat Atabalipa. he also saw Rich Mexico. now enforced to close his eyes. whose great city Geryon's sons Call El Dorado. .BOOK XI. . . the seat of Montezume. and Tremisen . of these ingredients pierced. and Angola farthest south Or thence from Niger flood to Atlas mount. and first behold The effects which thy original crime hath wrought In some to spring from thee. . and became entranced. thence. Rustic. His eyes he opened. On Europe The world. and his attention thus recalled all his spirits : Adam. as the landmark stood . Which promised clearer sight. of grassy sward. anon. Morocco. to bring forth more violent deeds. perhaps. now ope thine eyes. nor with the snake conspired. Nor sinned thy sin yet from that sin derive Corruption. that And from the well of the So deep Even to power three drops instilled. and where Rome was to sway In spirit. That Adam. But him the gentle angel by the hand Soon raised. that false fruit. and Algiers. And Cusco Of in Peru.

Groaned out his soul. and to come : Out of thy loins.-434-467. with gushing blood in effused. and pure devotion. though here thou see him die. some Is piety thus. deadly pale. His offering soon propitious fire from heaven Consumed with nimble glance. and. foul to native dust? O sight Of and ugly to behold! ! Horrid to think. flock. : HOOK XI. replied These two are brethren. paid ? To whom Michael thus. For envy that his brother's offering found From Heaven acceptance. laid . A sweaty reaper from green his tillage ear. and. To which our sire Alas! both for the deed. as came to More meek. and the other's faith.a86 PARADISE LOST. but the bloody fact Will be avenged. as they talked. the midriff with a stone life. The other's not. Adam. brought First-fruits. Whereat he inly Smote him into That beat out for his was not sincere. the Unculled. Much at that sight Adam his heart Dismayed. how horrible to feel To whom In his first thus Michael: Death thou hast seen but shape on Man . he also moved. came with the firstlings of his Choicest and best. raged. with incense strewed. sacrificing. and grateful steam . hand a shepherd next. and all due rites performed. Rolling in dust and gore. and thus in haste to the Angel cried : O To teacher. and the yellow sheaf. He was fell. The unjust the just hath slain. The inwards and their fat. Lose no reward. On the cleft wood. approved. then. many shapes . that meek great mischief hath befallen man. who well had sacrificed . and for the cause! : But have I I now seen death ? Is this the way must return terror.

are the 287 Of Death. And moon-struck madness. compassion quelled tears His best of man. flood. deep the groans. terrible at the entrance than within. though oft invoked as their chief good. dark. to what fall Degraded. and gave him up to A space. Marasmus. and joint-racking rheums. Intestine stone and ulcer. . busiest from couch to couch . And over them triumphant Death his dart Shook. scarce recovering words. all feverous kinds. wherein were laid Numbers of all diseased all maladies Of ghastly spasm. By fire. 468-soi. and final hope. epilepsies. but wept.] PARADISE LOST. that thou mayst What misery the inabstinence of Eve Shall bring on men. Sight so deform what heart of rock could long Dry-eyed behold ? Adam could not. by intemperance more In meats and drinks. which on earth shall bring Diseases dire. his plaint renewed O miserable mankind. colic pangs.BOOK XI. as thou sawest. all dismal. to what wretched state reserved ! . pining atrophy. Demoniac frenzy. A lazar-house it seemed. know Immediately a place Before his eyes appeared. famine. moping melancholy. noisome. qualms Of heart-sick agony. Dropsies. and asthmas. by violent stroke shall die. Convulsions. or racking torture. With vows. till firmer thoughts restrained excess. and wide-wasting pestilence. Though not of woman born . sad. Despair Tended the sick. Dire was the tossing. and many ways that lead To his grim cave . : And. of which a monstrous crew Before thee shall appear. but delayed to strike. yet to sense More Some. fierce catarrhs.

In part. To such unsightly sufferings be debased Under inhuman pains ? Why should not man. exempt. or soon beg to lay it down. when themselves they vilified To serve ungoverned appetite.5 o2-53 5 . said Adam. till. from such deformities be free. Retaining still Divine similitude erect. and took they served. and submit But is there yet no other way. seeking from thence In what thou eat'st and drink'st. nourishment. not gluttonous delight. a brutish vice. then for his Forsook them. if What we receive. Till many years over thy head return. I yield it just. nature's healthful rules While they pervert pure To loathsome sickness . if thou well observe The rule of: Not too much by temperance taught. since they God's image did not reverence in themselves. Better end here unborn. [BOOK xi. answered Michael. Inductive mainly to the sin of Eve. Can thus The image of God in man. said Michael. sake. His likeness. Obtruded on us thus ? who. Disfiguring not God's likeness. by themselves defaced. and mix with our connatural dust? There is. Due So mayst thou live..2 88 PARADISE LOST. besides These painful passages. Glad to be so dismissed in peace. created once why we knew So goodly and though faulty since. if His image whom own . but their Or. Maker's image'. how we may come To death. worthily. And. would either not accept Life offered. like ripe fruit. Why ? is life given To be thus wrested from us Rather. Their Maker's image. thou drop . Therefore so abject is their punishment.

thy beauty which will change To withered. Hopeful and will reign A melancholy damp of cold and dry. rather. of this cumbrous charge. To whom our ancestor: I not Death. Michael replied Nor love thy life. This is old age but. how I may be quit. or whether washed by stream 37 . To what thou hast. or be with ease Gathered. 4 Fled and pursued transverse the resonant fugue. whence the sound instruments. And now prepare thee for another sight. Instinct through all proportions. By some were herds Of Of cattle grazing. 289 Into thy mother's lap. not harshly plucked. . for death mature.-5 3 6. or short. Their stops and chords was seen. and saw a spacious plain. Down to the veins of earth. thence gliding hot To some cave's mouth. Obtuse. Thy youth. Henceforth fly Fairest and easiest.5 69. two massy clods of iron and brass Had melted whether found where casual fire Had wasted woods on mountain or in vale. and last consume balm of life. but what thou livest : . that heard.J PARADISE LOST. harp and organ. * all taste of pleasure must blood forego. thy strength. and gray thy senses then. his volant touch. . thou must outlive .BOOK XI. weak. nor hate. Live well how long. whereon Were tents of various hues. of Was made melodious chime. nor would prolong Life much. at the forge Labouring. He looked. and patiently attend My dissolution. and who moved low and high. in thy air of youth. others. then. In other part stood one who. bent. and for the cheerful. Which I must keep till my appointed day Of rendering up. permit to Heaven. To weigh The thy spirits down.

Those were of hate and death. what might else be wrought After these. all in heat. But on the hither side. and bid invoke Hymen. They on the plain Long had not walked. richly gay to the harp they sung In gems and wanton dress Soft amorous ditties. [BOOK x I. his own tools. then. The liquid ore he drained Into fit moulds prepared. and fair event Of love and youth not lost. And now of love they treat. . a different sort. . garlands. Down Just descended by men they seemed. and let their eyes Rove without rein till. Such happy interview. From the high neighbouring to the plain hills. from which he formed First. flowers. . in the amorous net Fast caught.PARADISE LOST. and know his works Not hid. eyed them. and all their study bent To worship God aright. they liked. The men. nor those things last which might preserve Freedom and peace to men. Of To whom thus Michael : Judge not what is best . though grave. prime Angel blest. Fusil or graven in metal. And charming symphonies. behold A bevy of fair women. appeared then. . attached the heart Of Adam. songs. when from the tents. With feast and music all the tents resound. From' under ground. -570-603. till the evening star. soon inclined to admit delight. and more hope peaceful days portends. Much better seems this vision. : True opener of mine eyes. They light the nuptial torch. and in dance came on. Love's harbinger. or pain much worse: Here nature seems fulfilled in all her ends. The bent of nature which he thus expressed . and each his liking chose. which was their guise their seat. than those two past. then first to marriage rites invoked.

to the trains and to the smiles Of these fair atheists and now swim in joy. and roll the eye: these that sober race of men. as thou art. should turn aside to tread Paths indirect. so gay. but they his gifts acknowledged none. for which The world ere long a world of tears must weep. all their fame. . that they. To To the tongue. : Entered so fair.J PARADISE LOST. . from woman From man's effeminate Said the angel. Yet empty of all good. For that fair female troop thou sawest. so blithe. it Holds on the same. thee for another scene. better hold his place superior gifts received. .-6o4-6 3 7. though to nature Created. though his Spirit Taught them. who should By wisdom. Unmindful of their Maker. or in the midway faint! But still I see the tenor of man's woe to begin. Ignobly. whose lives dress. wherein shall dwell his race Who Of slew his brother. studious they appear life. to dance. Those tents thou sawest so pleasant were the Of wickedness. conformity divine. that seemed Of goddesses. troll and Religious titled them the sons of God.BOOK XI. seeming meet. To whom O pity and of short joy bereft shame. completed to the taste Of lustful appetence. to sing. Yet they a beauteous offspring shall beget. so smooth. Ere long to swim at large and laugh. arts that polish inventors rare . who to live well thus Adam. Shall yield up all their virtue. wherein consists Woman's domestic honour and Bred only and chief praise. to nobler By Holy and pure. end tents 391 pleasure. and But now prepare slackness begins.

From a fat meadow-ground. but soon In factious opposition. One way a band select from forage drives herd of beeves. towns. which makes a bloody fray. or in array of battle ranged. Part wield their arms. and sulphurous . Where With Lay cattle pastured late. Of justice. So violence . and peace. On To each hand slaughter. and mine. in the city gates. and [BOOK XI. fierce faces threatening war. and harangues are heard. and rural works between. Their booty: scarce with life the shepherds fly. In other part the sceptred heralds call council. Of middle age one rising. fire Assaulting. Ewes and their bleating lambs over the plain. Others to a city strong encamped and . fair oxen and fair kine foot. Had not a cloud descending snatched him thence. eminent In wise deport. Cities of men with lofty gates and towers. Anon Gray-headed men and grave. and gigantic deeds. Deserted. scale. saw wide territory spread Before him. others from the wall defend With dart javelin. at last.292 PARADISE LOST. spake much of right and wrong. And judgment from above . Assemble. with warriors mixed. part curb the foaming steed Single. . Unseen amid the throng. now scattered lies field carcases and arms. Both horse and A nor idly mustering stood. With cruel tournament the squadrons join But call in aid.-6 3 8-6 7 i. him old and young Exploded. or fleecy flock. till. He Concourse in arms. truth. looked. stones. the ensanguined by battery. and had seized with violent hands. Giants of mighty bone and bold emprise. siege. of religion.

The heavenly bands a sky of jasper lighted 47 now Book XI.Down from In Paradise. . t lines 208-210.

Soot X.48 Began to build a vessel of huge bulk. line 729. ..

renown on earth . but of their brethren. turned full sad O what are these ? : Death's ministers. And what most But he.] PARADISE LOST. . and oppression.BOOK XI. The seventh from thee. Patrons of mankind. and sons of gods. and multiply the sin of Ten thousandfold him who slew His brother. Destroyers rightlier called. not men ! who thus deal death Inhumanly to men. that God would foes. shall be held the highest pitch Of human glory and for glory done Of triumph. who of themselves by imprudence mixed. therefore so beset And With And To judge them daring single to be just. heroic virtue called. to be styled great conquerors. the merits fame. had that just in his man. and. men of men ? But who was Rescued. For in those days might only shall be admired. and sword law. 393 Proceeded. Adam was all in tears. Where good Abhor with bad were matched. him the come Most High. utter odious truth. . gods. Nations. and bring home with infinite Manslaughter. Thus fame shall be achieved. and plagues of men. in silence hid. whom thou beheldest only righteous in a world perverse. and refuge none was found. whom : had not Heaven righteousness been lost? To whom thus Michael These are the product Of those ill-mated marriages thou sawest. therefore hated. battle. Produce prodigious births of body or mind. to join. men of high renown. And valour and To overcome in and subdue spoils.-672-70S. Through all the plain. Such were those giants. for of whom such massacre Make they. for with His saints. and to his guide Lamenting.

Triumphs or festivals. Then. Meanwhile the south wind rose. to walk with God and the climes of to bliss. When. Began to build a vessel of huge bulk. To luxury and riot. and.294 PARADISE LOST. And of their doings great dislike declared. with black wings . and in the side a door Contrived. and breadth. and entered in. as to souls In prison. Rapt in a [BOOK X[. and height. Last. he ceased Contending. feast and dance. But all in vain. length. whereso met. the sire and his three sons. All now was turned to jollity and game. thou saw'st. With their four wives. Measured by cubit. and He Marrying or prostituting. all the clouds together drove . under judgments imminent. from the mountain hewing timber tall. The brazen throat of war had ceased to roar. looked. Which. And testified against their ways. thine eyes and soon behold. receive. Awaits the good direct shew thee what reward the rest what punishment. and of provisions laid in large For man and beast. and insect small. as befell. He oft Frequented their assemblies. when he saw. lo! a wonder strange! Of every beast. Rape or adultery. and removed his tents far off. High in salvation Exempt from Which now death. where passing fair Allured them thence from cups to civil broils. saw the face of things quite changed. and God made fast the door. and bird. as taught Their order. as balmy cloud with winged steeds.-7 o6-739 . Wide-hovering. Did. . At length a reverend sire among them came. Smeared round with pitch. Came sevens and pairs. and to them preached Conversion and repentance.

And sunk thee as thy sons till. Deep under water rolled sea covered sea. dusk and moist.BOOK XI. Which neither his foreknowing can prevent. With thought Henceforth to that they must be. all mourns once. Flood overwhelmed. with all their pomp. LO. And now the thickened sky down rushed the rain Like a dark ceiling stood . and secure. embarked. and in their palaces. by my foreknowing gaining birth Abortive. on thy feet thou Though comfortless as when a His children. with Rode tilting o'er beaked prow. and exhalation. Sent up amain. each day's lot Enough to bear. to torment me. in view destroyed And O My scarce to the angel uttered'st thus thy plaint: visions ill foreseen better had I ! : Lived ignorant of future so had borne part of evil only. and them. Let no man seek be foretold what shall befall . end so sad. late reigned. that were dispensed The burden of many ages. another flood. 295 From under heaven the hills to their supply Vapour. Sea without shore. the waves all dwellings . Where luxury : And All stabled left sea monsters whelped of mankind. 740-773-] PARADISE .ST. and continued till the earth No more was seen the floating vessel . Those now. he may be sure. ere their being. so numerous late. thee also . to How didst thou grieve then. . and sorrow a drowned. By the Angel. gently reared stood'st at father at last. Him or his children evil. flood. in one small bottom swum Adam. Thee. on me light At once. Impetuous. swum else Uplifted. behold The end Of tears of all ! Depopulation thy offspring. .

forgot. Grievous to bear. with their also. and sloth. Who. and done much Subduing waste. More than enough. for the earth shall bear tried. I had hope. lost. Surfeit. Shall.2 g6 PARADISE LOST.-77 4 -8c 7 . and rich nations. Fame in and achieved thereby the world. truth and faith. those few escaped. warn. . . I With length But of happy days. and enslaved by war. . whether here the race of man will end. the race of was far deceived for now I see . In sharp contest of battle. man . And Unfold. from whom their piety feigned. but of true virtue void. . freedom all virtue lose. would have then gone well peace would have crowned. And fear of God. whom last thou sawest In triumph and luxurious wealth. thus Michael : To whom Those. And great exploits. Peace to corrupt. celestial guide. Justice and temperance. having spilt much blood. all depraved. is Man not whom to When All violence was ceased. therefore. And he the future evil [BOOK xi. Thenceforth shall practise how to live secure. found no aid Against invaders. are they First seen in acts of prowess eminent. high titles. that temperance may be So all shall turn degenerate. But that care now is past. wantonness and pride Raise out of friendship hostile deeds in peace. and ^ The conquered. Famine and anguish will at last consume. ease. ao How comes it thus? less than war to waste. cooled in zeal. and war on earth. on what them to enjoy. Shall change their course to pleasure. their lords Worldly or Shall leave dissolute. lust till prey. Wandering that watery desert. shall no less In apprehension than in substance feel.

how much more safe. shall heave the ocean to usurp Beyond all bounds. life. but set the cataracts Of heaven open on the earth pour Rain day and night. pushed by the horned flood. and shall return them derided. He 38 looked. Down the And there The haunt great river to the opening gulf. an island salt and bare. and before them set The And On their Of The one paths of righteousness. violence. if none be thither brought . By men who there frequent. and abated. what further shall or therein dwell ensue. teach thee that God attributes to place sanctity. With all his verdure spoiled. sooner he. he of their wicked ways Shall them admonish. against example good. and trees adrift. all fountains of the deep.J PARADISE LOST. behold. But of God observed. as thou beheld 'st. take root. And now. No with them of man and beast Select for shall in the ark all be lodged. just man alive. and sea-mews' clang. Against allurement. For the clouds were fled. Or Fearless of reproach or scorn. . till inundation rise Above the highest hills then shall this mount Of Paradise by might of waves be moved Out of his place. full of peace. Broke up.BOOK XI. by his command Shall build a wondrous ark. shall And sheltered round. Which now saw the ark hull on the flood.-8o8-8 4 i. To save himself and household from amidst A world devote to universal wrack. denouncing wrath to come impenitence. the only son of light 397 One man In a dark age. and a world Offended. custom. To No of seals. and ores. . except.

as the heaven his windows shut. towards the deep. and in the cloud a bow Conspicuous. after him. with three listed colours gay. and eyes devout. over his head beholds A dewy cloud. with all his train: Then. and their seed preserve. blowing dry. With soft foot. appear. Gazed and of the . that. fresh wave As after thirst which made their flowing shrink From standing lake to tripping ebb. and from his ark The ancient sire descends. Whereat the heart of Adam. that stole. I revive At this last sight. Anon dry ground appears. Driven by a keen north wind. heavenly instructor. and thus his joy broke forth: O Thou. Grateful to Heaven. with uplifted hands. The second time returning. as decayed. Hctokening peace from God. And the clear sun on his wide watery glass hot. and covenant new. erst so sad. who future things canst represent As present. [BOOK XI -342-875. Fast on the top of some high mountain fixed. Towards the retreating sea. assured that man shall live. With all the creatures. their furious tide. Greatly rejoiced. With clamour thence the rapid currents drive. Wrinkled the face of deluge. A dove. as rocks. in his bill An olive leaf he brings. Far less I now lament for one whole world I Of wicked sons destroyed. the surer And messenger. And now the tops of hills. pacific sign. who now had stopt His sluices. largely drew. but seems on ground. sent forth once and again to spy Green tree or ground. Forthwith from out the ark a raven flies. The ark no more now floats. than rejoice .298 PARADISE LOST. whereon his foot may light.

those removed. 299 For one man found so and so just. as a flowery verge.] PARADISE LOST. Shall hold their course. again dissolve and shower the earth the Archangel To whom So Dexterously thou aimest ire. as the brow of God appeased? Or serve they. not to blot out mankind. what mean those coloured streaks in heaven Distended. nor let the sea bounds. . never to destroy The earth again his by flood. wherein the just shall dwell. but when he brings Over the earth a cloud. nor rain to drown the world. sight. ? . Grieved at his heart. he saw The whole earth filled with violence. 876-901. Such grace shall one just man find in his That he relents.BOOK XI. Seed-time and harvest. With man therein or beast. looking down. But say. to bind The Lest fluid skirts of it that same watery : cloud. Both heaven and earth. That God vouchsafes to raise another world From him. Yet. when. whereon to look And call to mind His covenant. perfect. and all flesh Corrupting each their way. willingly doth late God remit his Though repenting him of man depraved. And makes a covenant. Day and night. and all his anger to forget. heat and hoary frost. will therein set Surpass His triple-coloured bow. till fire purge all things new.

and end. and sacred feast. . from the flood. in his journey. new speech resumes Thus thou hast seen one world begin. . . aught. Adam.BOOK THE Angel Michael continues. And man. fearing the Deity. descends the be which was promised Adam and Eve in the of the Church till His second coming. Shall spend their days in joy unblamed. comes by degrees : to explain who that seed of the . Though bent on speed. and attend This second source of men. With large wine-offerings poured. death. as from a second Much thou hast yet to see. till one shall rise. while yet but few. therefore. but with gentle Michael in either hand leads them out of Paradise. stock. and ascension these relations and promises. woman the state resurrection. to relate XII. lamb. with Michael dreams composed to quietness of mind and submission. who all this while had slept. what shall succeed then. greatly shall hill fall His incarnation. And while the dread of judgment past remains Fresh in their minds. from the herd or flock. . and multiply apace. perceive fail to divine mortal objects sight Thy Must needs impair and weary human sense. stations to guard the place. wine. so here the Archangel paused Betwixt the world destroyed and world restored. and the cherubim taking their and re-comforted by wakens Eve. but I Henceforth what is to come I will relate. A If one who. Corn. bates at noon. Oft sacrificing bullock. the fiery satisfied . in the mention of Abraham. and reaping plenteous crops. by families and tribes. Labouring the soil. : Adam Then. perhaps. give due audience. or kid. might interpose. sword waving behind them. and oil and. proceed. : Thou. to With some regard what is just and right Shall lead their lives. with transition sweet. Under 300 paternal rule. and dwell Long time in peace.

with Deep under water rolled.All dwellings else 49 their Flood overwhelmed. all pomp.. Book XI. and them. lines 747-749. .

.. lines 236-238.They beseech That Moses might report to them his will. Book XII. And terror cease.

such as refuse A Subjection to his empire tyrannous mighty hunter thence he shall be styled Before the Lord. calls. fraternal state. claiming second sovereignty. ambitious heart. not beasts. and quite dispossess Concord and law of nature from the earth: Hunting. and in derision sets Upon their tongues a various spirit. city and of that stuff. But God. Not understood. lest. Comes down to see their city. Among each to other hoarse. ! Or from Heaven. He. with a crew. the mouth of Hell. Of proud. Marching from Eden towards the west. in despite of Heaven. they cast to build A and tower. And from rebellion shall derive his name. who oft descends to visit men Unseen. as. shall find The Of plain wherein a black. to tyrannise.] PARADISE LOST. and men. brick. their memory be lost: Regardless whether good or evil fame. bituminous gurge Boils out from under ground. and all in rage. and. or under him. who. whom like ambition joins With him.-25-58. not With fair equality. To sow a jangling noise of words unknown.BOOK XII. And get themselves a name. . shall be his game. to rase Quite out their native language. instead. whose top may reach to heaven. Though of rebellion others he accuse. With war. and hostile snare. them beholding soon. Forthwith a hideous gabble rises loud the builders till . Will arrogate dominion undeserved content' 3 or ^ Over his brethren. and through their habitations walks To mark their doings. far dispersed In foreign lands. ere the tower Obstruct Heaven-towers.






As mocked

And And

they storm. Great laughter was in Heaven, looking down to see the hubbub strange,

hear the din.

Ridiculous, and the

Thus was the building left work Confusion named.
fatherly displeased

Whereto thus Adam,

so to aspire Above his brethren to himself assuming Authority usurped, from God not given.
! ;


execrable son


gave us only over beast,



Dominion absolute
his donation,

we hold but man over men
that right

He made

not lord






left for


usurper his encroachment proud to God his tower intends Stays not on man Wretched man what food Siege and defiance
; ! !


Will he convey up thither, to sustain Himself and his rash army, where thin



the clouds, will pine his entrails gross,


famish him of breath,

not of bread


To whom thus Michael That son, who on the quiet
Such trouble brought,

Justly thou abhor'st state of men

affecting to


Rational liberty yet know withal, Since thy original lapse, true liberty

which always with right reason dwells, Twinned, and from her hath no dividual being.
Is lost,


obscured, or not obeyed, Immediately inordinate desires



upstart passions catch the reason,



to servitude reduce

Man, till then free. Therefore, since he permits, Within himself, unworthy powers to reign


free reason,





BOOK xn.





Subjects him from without to violent lords, oft as undeservedly enthral

Tyranny must be, Though to the tyrant thereby no excuse. Yet sometimes nations will decline so low From virtue, which is reason, that no wrong, But justice, and some fatal curse annexed
His outward freedom.
Deprives them of their outward liberty, Their inward lost. Witness the irreverent son

Of him who Done to his

built the ark,


for the





Servant of servants, on his vicious
will this latter,


as the former, world,

tend from bad to worse,
their iniquities,

Wearied with

God, withdraw

at last,

His presence from among them, and avert His holy eyes, resolving from thenceforth

To leave them to And one peculiar From all the rest,

polluted ways, nation to select






be invoked,
to spring:


nation from one faithful
this side


Him on

Euphrates yet residing,

Bred up in idol worship. O that men Canst thou believe ? should be so stupid grown,

While yet

As To worship
For gods! To call, by

the patriarch lived to forsake the living God,


'scaped the flood,

own work in wood and stone Yet him, God the Most High vouchsafes

from his
false gods,



His kindred, and

into a land
will raise

Which He


show him; and from him mighty nation, and upon him shower
in his

His benediction, so that

straight obeys,

All nations shall be blest.


Not knowing

[BOOK xn.-i 27-160.

what land, yet firm believes. see him, but thou canst not, with what faith


leaves his gods, his friends, and native of Chaldea, passing now the ford


To Haran


him a cumbrous


Of herds and flocks, and numerous servitude; Not wandering poor, but trusting all his wealth With God, who called him, in a land unknown.
Canaan he now

see his tents

Pitched about Sechem, and the neighbouring plain Of Moreh. There, by promise, he receives
Gift to his

progeny of all that land, From Hamath, northward to the desert souththeir

Things by


From Hermon east, to Mount Hermon, yonder
In prospect, as

though yet unnamed the great western sea;



each place behold

Mount Carmel;

On the shore, point them. here, the double-founted stream,

but his sons Jordan, true limit eastward Shall dwell to Senir, that long ridge of hills.

This ponder, that all nations of the earth Shall in his seed be blessed. By that seed

meant thy great Deliverer, who shall bruise The Serpent's head; whereof to thee anon

Plainlier shall

be revealed.

Whom A son,


This patriarch blest, Abraham due time shall call,

and of his son a grandchild, leaves, Like him in faith, in wisdom, and renown.

grandchild, with twelve sons increased, departs From Canaan to a land hereafter called

Egypt, divided by the river Nile.

See where


flows, disgorging at

seven mouths

Into the sea:

to sojourn in that land


comes, invited by a younger son

BOOK xii, -161-194.]

a son, whose worthy deeds to be the second in that realm


In time of dearth

Raise him

Of Pharaoh.

There he


and leaves

his race

into a nation.

And, now grown

Suspected to a sequent king, who seeks To stop their overgrowth, as inmate guests

Too numerous; whence

of guests he makes them slaves
their infant





by two brethren those two brethren call Moses and Aaron sent from God to claim

His people from enthralment, they return, With glory and spoil, back to their promised



the lawless tyrant,



To know

God, or message to regard, Must be compelled by signs and judgments To blood unshed the rivers must be turned


must all his palace fill With loathed intrusion, and fill all the land; His cattle must of rot and murrain die;

emboss, And all his people; thunder mixed with hail, Hail mixed with fire, must rend the Egyptian sky, And wheel on the earth, devouring where it rolls

Botches and blains must


his flesh



devours not, herb, or fruit, or grain, darksome cloud of locusts swarming down

and on the ground leave nothing green Darkness must overshadow all his bounds, Palpable darkness, and blot out three days;





one midnight stroke, all the first-born Of Egypt must lie dead. Thus, with ten wounds, The river-dragon, tamed, at length submits
Last, with


let his

Humbles More hardened

sojourners depart, and oft his stubborn heart, but still as ice




his rage

3 o6

Pursuing whom he Swallows him with
late dismissed, the

[BOOK. XIl.-i 9 s-228.

lets pass,

his host, but


As on dry


between two

crystal walls;

Awed by

the rod of

Moses so

to stand

his rescued gain their shore:

wondrous power God
in his

to his saint will lend,

Though present





Before them in a cloud, and pillar of fire; By day a cloud, by night a pillar of fire;


guide them in their journey, and remove Behind them, while the obdurate king pursues.

All night he will pursue, but his approach

Darkness defends between


Then through

the fiery pillar God, looking forth, will trouble all his host, And craze their chariot- wh eels when, by command,

morning watch; and the cloud,

Moses once more his potent rod extends Over the sea; the sea his rod obeys; On their embattled ranks the waves return, And overwhelm their war. The race elect
Safe towards Canaan, from the shore, advance


not the readiest way, Lest, entering on the Canaanite alarmed,

the wild desert;


them, inexpert, and fear Return them back to Egypt, choosing rather

For life, Inglorious life with servitude. To noble and ignoble, is more sweet Untrained in arms, where rashness leads not on.
This also shall they gain by their delay In the wide wilderness; there they shall found
Their government, and their great senate choose Through the twelve tribes, to rule by laws ordained;

God, from the mount of Sinai, whose grey top
Shall tremble,


descending, will Himself,

HOOK XII.-229-262.]

and loud trumpets' sound,
such as appertain


(n thunder, lightning,

Ordain them laws;



civil justice;

part, religious rites



informing them, by types shadows, of that destined Seed to bruise

Serpent, by what Mankind's deliverance.

means He shall achieve But the voice of God


mortal ear



they beseech

That Moses might report



his will,


terror cease.


Instructed that to

grants what they besought, is no access

Without mediator, whose high office now Moses in figure bears, to introduce One greater, of whose day he shall foretell,



the prophets in their age, the times

great Messiah shall sing. Thus, laws and rites Established, such delight hath God in men

Obedient to



that he vouchsafes

Among them

to set


his tabernacle

The Holy One with mortal men
his prescript a sanctuary

to dwell



cedar, overlaid with gold


ark his testimony, records of his covenant over these
in the



mercy seat of gold, between the wings Of two bright cherubim before him burn

Seven lamps,

as in a zodiac, representing

The heavenly

over the tent a cloud

gleam by night, Save when they journey, and at length they come, Conducted by his Angel, to the land Promised to Abraham and his seed. The rest

Shall rest by day, a fiery

Were long How many

to tell


how many

battles fought


kings destroyed, and kingdoms won;


mid heaven stand still A day entire, and night's due course adjourn, Man's voice commanding, Sun, in Gibeon stand,
shall in

[HOOK xn. -263-296.

Or how the sun



moon, in the vale of Ajalon, so call the third overcome

From Abraham, son

of Isaac;

and from him

His whole descent, who thus

Canaan win.

Adam interposed O sent from Heaven Enlightener of my -darkness, gracious things
Thou hast revealed, those chiefly which concern Now first I find Just Abraham and his seed. Mine eyes true opening, and my heart much eased,
Erewhile perplexed with thoughts, what would become Of me and all mankind; but now I see

His day, in whom all nations shall be blest; Favour unmerited by me, who sought Forbidden knowledge by forbidden means. This yet I apprehend not; why to those

Among whom God

So many So many laws argue so many sins Among them how can God with such reside ? To whom thus Michael Doubt not but that

deign to dwell on earth, and so various laws are given ?


Will reign

them, as of thee begot; And, therefore, was law given them, to evince Their natural pravity, by stirring up


Sin against law to fight that when they see Law can discover sin, but not remove,


Save by those shadowy expiations weak, The blood of bulls and goats, they may conclude Some blood more precious must be paid for man;
Just for unjust;
that in such righteousness,

imputed, they may find Justification towards God, and peace

To them by


Moses. of kings The last for of His reign shall be no end. the Woman's Seed in . So law appears imperfect. long-wandered Safe to eternal Paradise of rest. though of Highly beloved. and but given With purpose to resign them. Up to a better covenant. as All nations whom shall trust and to kings foretold. of whom The second. and bring back. From shadowy types to truth. and. but National interrupt their public peace. shall not God t But Joshua. which the law 309 Of by ceremonies Cannot appease.] PARADISE LOST. he saves them penitent. Man Meanwhile they. not performing. from servile fear To filial works of law to works of faith. Long time shall dwell and prosper. therefore. conscience. 297-330. . his people into Canaan lead . And.BOOK XI I. Foretold to Abraham. His name and office bearing. then under Kings. from flesh From imposition of strict laws to free Acceptance of large grace. being but the minister Of law. disciplined to spirit. in their earthly Canaan placed. to thee foretold. nor man the moral part Perform. that his regal throne For ever shall endure. that of the royal stock Of David so I name this king shall rise A son. the world's wilderness. By Judges first. cannot live. whom the Gentiles Jesus call. The like shall sing All prophecy. both for piety renowned And puissant deeds. Provoking God to raise when sins From whom as oft them enemies. who shall quell / The adversary Through Serpent. a promise shall receive Irrevocable. in full time.

and other faults. Heaped to the popular With all his sacred things. Their city. shall in a glorious temple enshrine. Yet at his birth a star. Messiah. that the true Anointed king. part bad Whose foul idolatries. whom God disposed. the priests dissension springs. Their itself. myrrh. And His guides the eastern sages. and expose their land. till. 'stablished as the days of heaven. till The clouded ark of God. the house of God They first re-edify. strife pollution brings Upon The sceptre. But first among. and Then lose it the temple they seize regard not David's sons last . might be born Barred of his right. factious they grow. and his holy ark. a scorn and prey To that proud city. a long succession And his next son. and gold: tells His place of birth a solemn angel . Returned from Babylon by leave of kings. his temple. then in tents Wandering. Such follow him as shall be registered of bad the longer scroll Part good. proclaims him come. for must ensue. Their lords. Unseen before in heaven.3 io PARADISE LOST. . But first. . Men who attend the altar. [BOOK xn. sum. wealth and wisdom famed. as to leave them. will so incense God. To David. -331-364. grown In wealth and multitude. and his covenant sworn back. and should most Endeavour peace. place. who inquire to offer incense. whose high walls thou sawest Left in confusion There in Babylon thence called. captivity he lets them dwell . and for a while In mean estate live moderate. At to a stranger. The space of seventy years then brings them Remembering mercy.

Obedience to the law of God. Disabled not to give thee thy death's wound .] PARADISE LOST. a deadlier bruise. and suffering death. Thou shalt proceed. and bound his reign With earth's wide bounds. As of a duel. or the local wounds Of head or heel not. his capital bruise say where and when shall bruise the Victor's heel? : To whom thus Michael Dream not of their fight. who comes thy Saviour. nor Satan. In thee. but his works nor can this be.365-3 9 8. . keeping watch by night. as had. which these he breathed : prophet of glad tidings. thy with womb man the Son unites. and from Of God Most High. and by a quire Of squadroned angels hear his carol sung. A Virgin is his mother. finisher Of utmost hope now clear I understand ! O What oft my steadiest thoughts have searched in vain . He ceased . discerning Surcharged.BOOK xir. like Without the vent of words Adam. He shall ascend The throne hereditary. hail High in the love of Heaven yet from my loins Why : ! . shall re-cure. so is overcome whose fall from heaven. 311 To simple shepherds. what stroke . Which He. Not by destroying Satan. therefore.. but his sire The power of the Most High. Thy enemy. with more strength to foil . . with such joy grief. been dewed in tears. They gladly thither haste. and in thy seed : But by fulfilling that which thou didst want. joins the Son Manhood to Godhead. imposed On penalty of death . our great Expectation should be called The Seed of Woman Virgin Mother. so God Needs must the Serpent now Expect with mortal pain Their fight. his glory with the heavens.

In this his satisfaction. fresh as the dawning light. His death for Neglect not. Seized on by force. thy punishment He To by coming in the flesh a reproachful life and cursed death. the death thou shouldst have life. slain for bringing nails thy enemies. judged. though love Alone fulfil the law. But soon revives. Defeating Sin and Death. not their own. And fix far deeper in his head their stings . becomes theirs by faith. So only can high justice rest appaid. and the sins Of all mankind with him there crucified. A shameful and accursed. Return. his merits By But his own nation. nailed to the cross In his redemption. For this he shall live hated. which man frgm death redeems. and that his obedience. Never to hurt them more who rightly trust So he dies. In sin for ever lost from man. [BOOK x 1 1. his two main arms. to the cross He The law that is against thee. be blasphemed. -399-432 And due to theirs. crush his strength. life Proclaiming to all who shall believe Imputed. To save them. the stars of morn shall see him rise Out of his grave. works. Thy ransom paid. death over Him no power Ere the third dawning light Shall long usurp. which out of thine will grow. shall endure. Both by obedience and by love. this act Shall bruise the head of Satan. The law of God exact he shall fulfil. though legal. as many as offered and the benefit embrace life This Godlike act died.PARADISE LOST. The penalty to thy transgression due. By faith not void of works. and to death condemned. life. Annuls thy doom.

.Some natural tears they dropt. Book XII. tine 645. but wiped them soon..


Victor's heel. 433-466. So in Then With Over his seed all nations shall be blest. exalted high all Above names in Heaven to . but to the sons Of Abraham's faith wherever through the world . To Still men who to in his life them shall leave in charge To teach all nations what of him they learned. his foes Heaven of heavens he ascend triumphing through the and thine. far for then the earth be Paradise. Nor after resurrection shall he stay Longer on earth than certain times to appear his disciples. to the victory. and in mind prepared. . if so befall. So spake the Archangel Michael then paused. and thence be shall come. prince of air. there shall surprise The Serpent. and drag in chains Through all his realm. the sign Of washing them from guilt of sin to life Pure. Not only to the sons of Abraham's loins Salvation shall be preached. All nations they shall teach.BOOK xii. but to reward His faithful. And his salvation them who shall believe followed him. Baptising in the profluent stream. and resume His seat at God's right hand. .] PARADISE LOST. For death. like sleep. When this world's dissolution shall ripe. judge both quick and dead To judge the unfaithful dead. With glory and power. and there confounded leave. 4(1 . Whether Shall all in heaven or earth. from that day. . shall air. and far happier days. like that which the Redeemer died. Then enter into glory. and receive them into bliss. 313 Than temporal death shall bruise the Or theirs whom he redeems a death A gentle wafting to immortal life. for. happier place Than this of Eden.

3'4 PARADISE LOST. As at the world's great period . not afraid. Replete with joy and wonder. and quench his fiery darts What man can do against them. and also arm to resist . among the unfaithful herd. [BOOK. With armour able Satan's assaults. that much more good thereof shall To God more glory. whom he sends all To evangelise the nations. To guide them spiritual in all truth. upon their hearts shall write. will betide the few. ? then. who shall dwell . more wonderful turn to good . and occasioned. first me now of sin By me done. what His faithful. and over wrath grace shall abound. . that which by creation ! Light out of darkness Whether I should repent brought forth Full of doubt I stand.-^-joo. And oft supported so as shall amaze Their proudest persecutors . Working through love. shall them with wondrous gifts endue . or rejoice Much more. and our sire. . His Spirit within them . and the law of faith. The promise of the Father. if our Deliverer up to Heaven Must reascend. XH. The enemies His people of truth? Who. Though to the death against such cruelties With inward consolations recompensed. Poured first on his apostles. But say. shall guide who defend Will they not deal Worse with His followers than with Him they dealt? Be sure they will. then on Baptised. more good-will to men From God. left spring. Goodness immense! all And Than evil good of evil shall produce. said the Angel but from Heaven He to his own a Comforter will send. for the Spirit. thus replied: O That Goodness this infinite.

promised alike. far greater part. and the truth With superstitions and traditions taint. and titles. : Their doctrine and their story written left. They die. to themselves appropriating The Spirit of all To God. and from that pretence. Shall on the heart engrave. though feigning still to act By spiritual. outward rites and specious forms . will they. on earth. Though not but by the Spirit understood.BOOK XIL 501-534. and given believers. Their ministry performed. As did their Lord before them. and with these Secular power. But force the Spirit of Grace What itself. Their own faith. Of lucre and ambition. but in their room. or what the spirit within . i 315 tongues. then. built by faith to stand. and do all miracles. Left only in those written records pure. find Spiritual laws by carnal power shall force On every conscience laws which none shall Left them enrolled. to join Places. Then shall they seek to avail themselves of names. grievous wolves. and race well run. Who To all the sacred mysteries of Heaven their own vile advantages shall turn. not another's ? For. Who against faith and conscience can be heard Infallible? Yet many will presume: Whence heavy On all who in Of Will deem in persecution shall arise the worship persevere spirit and truth. Wolves shall succeed for teachers. and bind His consort Liberty? What but unbuild His living temples. the rest. Thus they win Great numbers of each nation to receive To speak all With joy the tidings brought from Heaven at length.] PARADISE LOST. as they forewarn.

what this vessel can contain fill . . So shall the world go on. good overcoming and by small Accomplishing great things. malignant.5 68: Rarely be found. To good And vengeance to the wicked. new Earth. Greatly in peace of thought. whose end no eye can reach. this transient world.3 i6 PARADISE LOST. to dissolve Satan with his perverted world. then raise From the conflagrant mass. Measured the race of time. Under her own weight groaning. obscurely then foretold. Seer blest. New To Heavens. from Heaven. Eternity. Of Him so lately promised to The woman's Seed Now ampler known . with evil. thy Saviour and thy Lord Last. truth shall retire Religion satisfied Bestuck with slanderous darts. and have my Of knowledge. at return thy aid. and works of faith . that to obey is . love. fruits. is time stand fixed! Beyond all abyss. in the clouds. He How Till ended. and thus Adam last replied: soon hath thy prediction. best. Greatly instructed I shall hence depart. [BOOK XII.-535. In glory of the Father. in all Merciful over Still his works. and joy and eternal bliss. learn. ages of endless date. Beyond which was my Henceforth I folly to aspire. to bad men benign. and worldly wise . by things deemed weak Subverting worldly strong. purged and refined. and on him sole depend. the only God to walk His presence. ever to observe His providence. And As love. till the day Appear of respiration to the just. in righteousness. to be revealed. with fear. Founded bring forth and peace.

patience. though all the stars . and All secrets of the Deep. happier far. : . top Exacts our parting hence. . -569-602. at whose front a flaming sword. the rule. that suffering for truth's sake 317 By simply meek. or sea. temperance . one empire. the ethereal powers. Chiefly. all Or works of God in heaven. The For great deliverance by her seed to come by the Woman's seed on all mankind. and all her spirits composed To meek submission thou. That ye may which will be many days. We Her may no also I longer stay go. Let her with thee partake what thou hast heard. at season fit. whom I now : my Redeemer ever blest. to the faithful. knowledge answerable add faith. add love. And. And. but shalt possess paradise within thee. live. By name to come called charity. this death the gate of life. To whom Thou knewest by name. Portending good. Is fortitude to highest victory. see hill. this Let us descend now. waken Eve with gentle dreams have calmed.BOOK XI I. all air. thou hast attained the sum Of wisdom hope no higher. what may concern her faith to know.] PARADISE LOST. therefore. ! the guards. thus also the Angel last replied This having learned. By me encamped on yonder expect Their motion. earth. the soul Of all the rest: then wilt thou not be loath To A leave this Paradise. In signal of remove. . . waves fiercely round. from Of speculation for the hour precise . Nature's works. Taught Acknowledge by His example. Only add Deeds to thy virtue. And And Add all all the riches of this world enjoyedst.

High of in front advanced. Is to go hence unwilling. am vouchsafed. Which He hath sent propitious. He ended. Such favour I. In me is no delay. But now lead on. where Eve Lay sleeping. This further consolation yet secure I carry hence. too nigh The Archangel stood and from the other hill To their fixed station. all places thou. and whither went'st. Adam to the bower. unworthy. and Adam Well pleased. Tierce as a comet. The Cherubim descended. Who for my wilful crime art banished hence. The brandished sword God before them blazed. o'er the marish glides. Both in [800^x1160^36. ran before. and they both descend the hill. without thee here to stay. with torrid heat. I know For God is also in sleep and dreams advise. answered not. though all by me is lost. heard. Risen from a river. though sad. with thee to go. with sorrow and heart's distress Wearied. . And gathers ground fast at the labourer's heel. And thus with words not sad she him received Whence thou return'st.J 8 PARADISE LOST. And vapour Began as the Lybian air adust. since. but found her waked . for evils past. but . whereat . one faith unanimous.. Is to stay here. Homeward returning. on the ground Gliding meteorous. some great good Presaging. which. as evening mist. With cause. yet much more cheered With meditation on the happy end. for now. Descended. to parch that temperate clime. I fell asleep.. By me the Promised Seed shall all restore! So spake our mother Eve. thou to me Art all things under heaven. all in bright array. : .

and to the eastern gate Led them direct. cliff as fast To Of the subjected plain all They. Waved With Some the gate dreadful faces thronged. looking back. . and Providence their guide : They. 319 In either hand the hastening Angel caught Our lingering parents. . so late their happy seat.-637-649-] PARADISE LOST. where to choose rest. natural tears they dropt. but wiped them soon all over by that flaming brand . and fiery arms.BOOK XII. their solitary way. The world was Their place of before them. the eastern side beheld Paradise. with wandering steps and slow. hand in hand. and down the . . Through Eden took THE END. then disappeared.









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