ABSTRACT

Mobile computing is beginning to break the chains that tie us to our desks, but many of today's mobile devices can still be a bit awkward to carry around. In the next age of computing, there will be an explosion of computer parts across our bodies, rather than across our desktops. Basically, jewellery adorns the body, and has very little practical purpose. However, researchers are looking to change the way we think about the beads and bobbles we wear. The combination of microcomputer devices and increasing computer power has allowed several companies to begin producing fashion jewellery with embedded intelligence i.e., Digital jewellery. Digital jewellery can best be defined as wireless, wearable computers that allow you to communicate by ways of e-mail, voicemail, and voice communication. This paper enlightens on how various computerized jewellery (like ear-rings, necklace, ring, bracelet, etc.,) will work with mobile embedded intelligence. It seems that everything we access today is under lock and key. Even the devices we use are protected by passwords. It can be frustrating trying to keep with all of the passwords and keys needed to access any door or computer program. This paper discusses about a new Java-based, computerized ring that will automatically unlock doors and log on to computers.

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1 5.3 .CONTENTS 1. 4. 6. 2. INTRODUCTION WHAT IS DIGITAL JEWELLERY? Historical context Digital jewellery and its components Technical specifications of digital jewellery Display technologies ELECTROMAGNETIC BEADS PROTOTYPES OF DIGITAL JEWELLERY HIOX Necklace HIOX Ring IBM’s Bracelet Display JAVA RING Introduction Features Working CURRENT AND ONGOING ACHIEVEMENTS CharmBadge Intelligent Spectacles Smart Wristwatch Magic Decoder Ring Charmed Communicator Eyepiece Mouse-Ring CONCLUSION REFERENCES 4 5 5 6 8 8 10 11 11 11 12 13 13 13 14 16 16 16 17 17 18 18 20 21 2 . 2.2 .4 6.1 6. 3.3 6.3 5.6 7.1 2.1 4. 2. 5.2 6. 8.3 6.4 .5 6.2 4.2 5. 2. 4.

The Computer Fashion Wave. "Digital Jewellery" looks to be the next sizzling fashion trend of the technological wave. The latest computer craze has been to be able to wear wireless computers. Today’s. These limitations are evident in both physical and conceptual constraints. more emotional scope in our lives. However. Moreover there is a paucity of approaches that consider emotional and intimate attachments people form with and around objects. Therefore an exploration of digital jewellery that addresses these issues and seeks to escape the limiting assumptions we have of the digital is needed. which can be used to make small devices that store tons of digital data. manufacturers place millions of transistors on a microchip. INTRODUCTION Recent technological advancements have resulted in a climate where technology is too intrusive the increased miniaturisation and mobility of digital technologies has led to a number of proposals for digital objects which use jewellery as a way to locate communication and information devices on the body.. connection with the body and scope of interaction of a digital jewellery object.1. The combination of shrinking computer devices and increasing computer power has allowed several companies to begin producing fashion jewellery with embedded intelligence. Beyond this. these developments are emerging from outside the field of contemporary jewellery. The whole concept behind this is to be able to communicate to others by 3 . Consequently digital jewellery is significantly under-explored within contemporary jewellery practice and the emerging developments from other fields present a narrow interpretation of both jewellery and digital technologies. In terms of aesthetics there is a distinct naivety regarding the form. material. the qualities that we have come to associate with the digital are born from a predominantly consumer electronics field and are both narrow and hindering if we wish to consider digital technologies having wider.

“Digital jewellery” is a nascent catchphrase for wearable ID devices that contain personal information like passwords. Technological innovation has to date been the dominant concern for wearables research. Other possible inclusions are memory aids. and account information. by “capacitively coupling picoamp currents through the body. 2. keyboard and mouse. this kind of function is a natural inclusion to the feature set. and it is readily apparent that considerations of the aesthetic possibilities or the intimate nature of the relationship between the body and the object remains under-explored. They can also solve a common dilemma of today’s wired world – the forgotten password. 4 . Innovators at IBM and the MIT Media Laboratory have developed “personal area networks” (PANs) that transfer simple information via human touch. Digital jewellery can come in other forms as well.” A low-level electric current carries the information from transmitter to receiver. and phone number. They have the potential to be all-in-one replacements for your driver’s license. credit cards. key chain. and environmental augmentation. Researchers have already created an array of digitaljewellery prototypes. PDA functions. “Digital jewellery” can help you solve problems like forgotten passwords and security badges. WHAT IS DIGITAL JEWELLERY? Digital jewellery is the fashion jewellery with embedded intelligence. and loose cash. OVERVIEW The phenomenon of the wearable computer has arisen from the desire to create a mobile. passing simple identifying information like name.1. 2. title. personal computer system.means of wireless appliances. health insurance card. The other key factor of this concept market is to stay fashionable at the same time. business cards. identification. The makers of wearables aim to house the personal computer on the body maintaining the convention of screen. corporate security badge. As digital jewellery matures. Wearables have been worn (by their originators) despite their bulky size and weight.

Bubblebadge (Fig 2. DIGITAL JEWELLERY AND ITS COMPONENTS Soon.2) are examples of early human-computer interaction outputs. which together functioned as a wearable mobile phone. IBM Research has been exploring digital jewellery through the work of Denise Chan. heat dissipation.1. cell phones will be broken up into their basic components 5 . 2. and the body as a mobile location for such devices.2. appearing to have no form at all. Instead of one single device. interface design and privacy.1.Thad Starner (2001) outlined the challenges facing the development of wearables as power use. by a specific environment or by the viewer. cell phones will take a totally new form.1. Chan’s concept was a set of jewellery objects. Each example posits jewellery as a vehicle for digital communication. FingeRing similarly focuses on usability and treats the body as a convenient location to situate an electronic device. with no mention of the user’s emotional experiences of such devices. to display text generated by the wearer. Sensors are attached to each finger in the form of rings to facilitate the input of data into a portable or wearable personal digital assistant (PDA).1.2: Body Coupled FingeRing: Wireless Wearable Keyboard The Bubblebadge houses a digital display. Fig 2. networking.1: The Bubblebadge: A wearable Public Display Fig 2.1) and Body Coupled FingeRing (Fig 2. at which point the viewer may end the conversation with the wearer and go and check her or his emails. In one scenario the brooch could show the viewer if they had received any new emails. a mechanical engineering graduate .

possibly with Blue tooth wireless technology. Antenna. Fig 2. Touch pad. • Bracelet : Equipped with a video graphics array (VGA) display. It can also be programmed to flash different colors to identify a particular caller or indicate the importance of a call. The various components that are inside a cell phone: Microphone. Circuit board. Here are the pieces of computerized-jewellery phone (Fig 2. Receiver. the digitaljewellery cell phone should work just like a conventional cell phone. Display. Together. this wrist display could also be used as a caller identifier that flashes the name and phone number of the caller. IBM has developed a prototype of a cell phone that consists of several pieces of digital jewellery that will work together wirelessly.and packaged as various pieces of digital jewellery.2) and their functions: • • • Earrings : Speakers embedded into these earrings will be the phone's receiver.2: Cell phones may one day be comprised of digital accessories that work together through wireless connections. this "magic decoder ring” is equipped with light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that flash to indicate an incoming call. Necklace : Users will talk into the necklace's embedded microphone. to perform the functions of the above components. 6 . and Battery. Ring : Perhaps the most interesting piece of the phone. Each piece of jewellery will contain a fraction of the components found in a conventional mobile phone.

DISPLAY TECHNOLOGIES The digital jewellery display. or else dumped altogether . or other technologies such as electroluminescent material (EL) or others. metal. every alphabet and number system has found representation within the electronics realm and 'dot-matrix' (a matrix of single LEDs) is used to display Chinese and Japanese and other character sets. the keypad and dialing function could be integrated into the bracelet. an audiovisual or other 'display' could consist of a speaker. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS OF DIGITAL JEWELLERY Digital jewellery devices consist of a screen or display for information. most likely consisting of 7-16-segment. as often found in watches. 2. a sensor of some kind (such as a temperature driven EL display).3. LCDs.With a jewellery phone. or other material. It has external switches and buttons on its side and a data-port for accessing the programmable electronic circuit inside. a single flashing light. crystal. as can the alternative display for LCDs (liquid-crystal-displays) also be used. it's likely that voice-recognition software will be used to make calls. a capability that is already commonplace in many of today's cell phones. 2. which is enclosed in some material such as plastic.4. 7 . which could become an optional display . A micro controller that is a surface mounted device (SMD) on a printed circuit board (PCB) with resistors (R) and capacitors (C) are the internal 'guts' of the jewellery. or other informational aesthetic. or dot matrix LEDs. So too. for instance. IBM is also working on a miniature rechargeable battery to power these components. The display layer sits on a face of the device. Simply say the name of the person you want to call and the phone will dial that person.

They utilize electromagnetic properties and electronics to display information through a screen or display of some kind.Fig 2.3: Alphanumeric or Graphic Display types Digital Jewellery can be made in many different sizes and shapes with a variety of materials ranging from plastic and metal to rubber and glass.3 ). and other programmable LEDs devices to LCDs. dot matrix. which are all driven by the self-contained jewellery devices themselves. and other displays (Fig 2. This could range from LED 7-segment. 8 . OLEDs. 16-segment.

with interchangeable electromagnetic component systems or devices. One bead may be a capacitor on the inside. and a solar panel on the outside. with other options available in a variety of bead configurations which compose a circuit. ELECTROMAGNETIC BEADS The closest comparison to Electromagnetic Beads (Fig 3) is that of 'beads' which are strung together to make a custom necklace or bracelet. or rechargeable battery as part of the modular jewel circuit.3. 9 . crystal. voltage regulator. The number of data pins on the microcontroller needs to be enough to easily program the display layer plus the switches without overly complex and advanced coding methods Fig 3: Electromagnetic Beads The key to the device's ability to work effectively is a balancing of electronic components within the circuit with a light-duty processing and limited power consumption required for the display layer. including beads with a piezo element. Another bead may have an internal resistor which feed power into a programmed microcontroller bead which drives an external screen.

1 shows the CharmBadge placed in front of an IR transmitter/receiver dongle connected to one of THE laptops. assignment to attendees. whenever and wherever you want. 6.1: CharmBadge CharmBadge was developed by Charmed Technologies.2. CharmBadge management software allowed to change many of the CharmBadge settings using the IR dongle such as: activate. These intelligent spectacles (Fig 6. affinity score. etc. download interactions.2: Intelligent Spectacles This could be the shape of designer glasses to come.6. CURRENT AND ONGOING ACHIEVEMENTS 6.1 CharmBadge Fig 6. Fig 6. 10 .2) let you surf the web or check your e-mail. deactivate. Intelligent Spectacles Fig 6.

3).4: IBM's magic decoder rings will flash when you get a call. It would have a widescreen display to watch video.3: Smart WristWatch Having the power of a computer on your wrist may sound like science fiction. it also tells you the time.4.Your eye would serve as a mouse. But this is the idea behind the wristwatch PDA (Fig 6. Smart WristWatch Fig 6. 6. and voice recognition technology so that you can use it by simply talking to your wrist. 11 . And of course. Magic decoder ring Fig 6. with menu items selected by focusing your attention on an item on screen.3. 6.

This flashing alert could also indicate the urgency of the e-mail. Charmed Communicator Eyepiece Fig 6. video player and cell phone.5). 12 . (Track Point is the little button embedded in the keyboard of some laptops). wireless. The Communicator can be used as an MP3 player. including a futuristic-looking eyepiece display (Fig 6. The eyepiece is the display component of the company's Charmed Communicator.4) that flashes for phone calls could also inform you that e-mail is piling up in your inbox.5: Charmed Communicator Eyepiece Charmed Technology is already marketing its digital jewellery. The Communicator runs on the company's Linux-based Nanix operating system. in the same way that the TrackPoint button on a laptop is used. 6.IBM’s magic decoder ring (Fig 6. broadband-Internet device that can be controlled by voice. The eyepiece above displays images and data received wirelessly from the Communicator's belt module. IBM Researchers have transferred TrackPoint technology to a ring. a wearable.6. On top of the ring is a little black ball that users will swivel to move the cursor. pen or handheld keypad. Mouse-Ring The mouse-ring that IBM is developing will use the company's Track Point technology to wirelessly move the cursor on a computer-monitor display. 6. which looks something like a black-pearl ring.5.

displays will no longer be tied to desktops or wall screens. the most important of which is the readability of information displayed on these tiny devices. Researchers are overcoming several obstacles facing these new wearable displays. you'll wear the display like a pair of sunglasses or a bracelet. Instead.This Track Point ring will be very valuable when monitors shrink to the size of watch face. 13 . In the coming age of ubiquitous computing.

It is hoped to be marketable soon. however. several bugs remain such as charging capabilities and cost. By the end of the decade.7. CONCLUSION The basic idea behind the digital jewellery concept is to have the convenience of wireless. we could be wearing our computers instead of sitting in front of them. wearable computers while remaining fashionably sound. 14 .

infoworld.IBM.com [2]. www.howstuffworks. www.ibutton.com 15 . REFERENCES [1]. www. www.com [4].8.com [3].

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