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We all are Resistencia
Discussion Paper on the Frente Nacional de Resistencia Po pular of Honduras Organizacion Politica Los Necios (OPLN) The Organizacion Politica Los Necios (OPLN) has become one of the principal pillars of the Ideological-Political For mation of the Social Move ment and Alternative Politi cal Movements of Honduras. Created in November 1999 it took its name precisely from the necessity that implied not ceasing to fight for a fairer world even when we lived the days of the collapse of para digms, the end of history and neoliberalism as the only op tion for people. rica in the twenty-first century.
of Ideological Political Forma tion, is part of the discussion spaces of the most historical political organizations in the country even though the ave rage age is less than thirty years and has incorporated into political debate agendas normally invisible such as sexual rights, gender equity, respect for the environment and the original culture of the people. For further information regar ding the OPLN please visit: WIN\'V.losnecios.com or write to the email: contacto@los necios.com. If you seek more information regarding the Frente Nacional de Resisten cia Popular (FNRP) visit their official website: www.resisten ciahonduras.net
The OPLN has been part of the most important social structures of the country such as the Bloque Popular and the Coordinadora Nacional de Resistencia (CNRP) and is part of the Frente Nacional de Resistencia Popular (FNRP) since its creation. This is part of the work under taken by Los Necios to provi The Frente supports the Poli de knowledge of the struggle tical Formation, Popular Orga that today concerns us as nization, the cohesion of youth Honduran people. organizations in Resistance, the creation of Alternative Long Live the Resistencia! The tenth anniversary was Media and International Re We will Defeat! celebrated in the middle of the lations. The OPLN maintains Necedad! first Coup d'Etat in Latin Ame- on a weekly basis its School
1. Honduras before the 28th
Honduras before June 28th of The Bloque, as it is commonly 2009 was already an agitated known, assumed the task of country with strong clashes fighting against neoliberalism between the business class and privatizations. and the majority working class of the country. Of this little is In 2003, virtually all regions of known. the country had an assembly of grass roots organizations The conditions previous to the with a similar style to the Blo military coup were achieved que. The 26th of August of as a result of unified actions that year saw the March of of the social movement's stru National Dignity which was the ggle, against the neoliberal founding moment of the Coor model, which searched for dinadora Nacional de Resis structural and social trans tencia Popular, which became formations, and on the other the largest umbrella organiza hand, the actions of Manuel tion of grassroots movements Zelaya who as President of in the country, meeting on a the Republic placed himself monthly basis with all the re in opposition to the Honduran gional organized expressions oligarchy and the imperialist with a unique, unified agenda intervention the United States of struggle. of America (U.S.A). The Coordinator gathered The Popular Movement the most important demands of the pueblo (people). Since During the early '90s with 2003 national mobilizations the imposition of the neoli grew and placed in precarity beral model many of the for the continuity of government of ces of the social movement Ricardo Madura (2002-2006), were dislocated, resulting in posing a difficult scenario to its subsequent weakening. the ruling elites. Throughout The new century was greeted this process the Honduran oli with the creation of the Bloque garchy took a more repressive Popular (May 1st 2000) as a role as the social movement space for bringing together grew, in a manner in which diverse social sectors with a in a few years may have sur base conformed of the most passed economic demands combative trade unions of the and advanced to political po Federaci6n Unitaria de Traba sitions. jadores de Honduras (FUTH).
The Frente Nacional de Resistencia Popular strengthens the class struggle Alexis Flores Williams Mel and the beginning of a new path During his inauguration as President, Manuel Zelaya "Mel" passed the Ley de Par ticipaci6n Ciudadana (Law of Citizen Participation) that three years Jater would use to promote the cuarta urna (fourth ballot box). During the initiation of his government he did not step out of the strate giC plan of the dominant class and transnational companies; however, within a short period of time was in confrontation with them for their intransi gence to allow small changes to strengthen the national pro ductive apparatus and brake the privatization of the last re sources that still remained to the State. government Subsequently policies were radicalized. The President, guided by his human sensitivity sided with the pueblo. More progressi ve measures were promp ted, such as a sharp increase (40%) in the minimum wage, incentives for agricultural pro duction, strengthening of sta te owned companies and an independent foreign policy. While Zelaya became closer to the pueblo, he moved away from the oligarchy. Actions such as the signing of oil im-
portation contracts with Petro caribe, the adhesion of Hon duras to the ALBA (Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas), the threat to convert the U.S mili tary base in Soto Cano to an airport, the delay in accepting the U.S. ambassador Hugo Llorens and the refusal to sign an IMF agreement touched the interests of U.S imperia lism and questioned their to tal control of Honduras as a geopolitical country of much importance in the region. The popular movement which at first had confronted the neoliberal policies with which Zelaya had begun, were by the second year of gover nment introducing some of their demands in the agenda of Government, to the point of working together on the most important project: the installa tion of a National Constituent Assembly. The business class of Hondu ras Honduras suffers from an economic dependence on the U.S.A:70.6% of exports go to U.S.A, 53% of imports are from the U.S.A and remittan ces from Hondurans living in the U.S.A are 21.2% of the annual Gross Domestic Pro duct (GDP). During the administration of Zelaya the country regis tered an economic growth
lation. The visible face of the business class is evident in the councils and associations of private business that has representations at aU levels of government. Past Presidents of the new era of "Oemocra tic Representation" were fai thful defenders of private en terprise and interests of U.S. Transnational imperialism. corporations in the oil, textile, pharmaceutical, mining, agri culture and food sales sectors represent the cowardly sale of human and natural resources An important factor in the de by the business class to inter velopment of the Honduran ests foreign to that of the Hon conflict has been the oligar duran nation. chy that controls the means of production and shares the Birth of the Resistance economic, political and me dia power between 10 fa The week before June 28 milies. It is significant to see 2009 strong rumors circula that while the rest of Central ted that Manuel Zelaya was to American countries managed be ousted by a military coup. to establish a dominant class Wednesday (25 June) of that through coffee production, in week several members of the Honduras the dominant class Bloque and activists working revolved around importation on the project of the Cuarta and as an agent of the mining Urna received the call to arri ve at the Presidential House and banana enclaves. to advert a coup attempt. But This situation led to the weak it was not until the early hours ness of the national oligarchy of June 28 that the oligarchy and their submission to impe composed of conservative po liticians, military, religious and rial interests. business sectors undertook The Honduran business class the military coup of Manuel maintains its control of the Zelaya. The same June 28 on means of production through the streets of the Presidential corruption, manipulation and House the Frente Nacional creation of laws, drug traffic de Resistencia Popular was king, and use of police and mi born. litary force against the popu-
of approximately 5% GDP, however the poverty rate showed a very slight reduction with an increase in inequality and a greater concentration of wealth. The neoliberal system that Honduras is subject to has not worked for the majo rity, the 75% of the population that live in poverty, and there has been a huge detriment in working conditions, environ mental destruction and sale of the productive sectors of the state.
the nan t domi class
re v olv e d around i m por ta tion and as an agent of the minin g and
Party that Mel with his ac tions had snatched from the traditional and corrupt polities of the country. To the streets for several years: direct ac went citizens which previously tion. The hours and days af had not been organized and ter the coup saw road blocks, who today are Resistencia, marches and demonstrations. present in every corner of the Through these acts against country. the violent and repressive coup the Resistencia grew The new agenda of the ex quantitatively and qualitati ploited and marginalized sur vely demonstrating that the passed qualitatively what was struggle was not conjunctural, available prior to the coup. but the maximum expression The need to achieve political of the class struggle of which power and control the state the country has not yet freed has become much clearer. itself. With this friends and enemies of social transformation have The Resiste been uncovered. ncia was created around the structure of popular organi zations that counted with the diversity of forces that formed the National Coordinator of Popular Resistance, as well as a large part of the Liberal
The first actions of the pueblo were improvised and in line with what the social struggles had successfully experienced
banana en claves.
2. Faces of the Resis tencia
The following is a brief in ventory about the major sec tors of Honduran society that have historically struggled for a more just and egalita rian society. Struggles and processes that are today all key parts of the Frente Na cional de Resistencia Popular (FNRP) (National Front of Po pular Resistance). The growth of these move ments shows that the contes ting sectors in Honduras had great political achievements long before 2009, this directly threatened the oligarchy and pushed them to use violence to defend their interests. The most recognized sectors are exposed here but please be aware that it is impossible to list completely in so small a document all organizations, associations, groups and communities that today are part of the resistance. Howe ver, this brief review is pre sented to help build a general idea about the current situa tion. All sectors have been influen cing in one way or another giving a little of its personality and creating a really particular movement in the history of La tin America. Native Peoples Organizations The representatives of mino rity populations of Honduras who do not belong to the mes tizo masses or to the euro creole minority have been organizing without precedent since the early 1990s, for ming solid organizations that also acted as transnational platforms as the Coordinating Council for Civic Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras (COPINH) and the Honduran Fraternal Black Or ganization (OFRANEH). Their lawsuits have been as basic as to be included in the pre sent Constitution of the Re public where they are legally invisible being 7% of the po pulation. Other smaller gras sroots organizations have come together in the FNRP through the regional repre sentations.
A Review of the Resistant Sectors in Honduras Luis Aguilar After June 28, 2009, two large organizations emerged; the Women in Resistance and the Feminists in Resistance, they not only make sure their pre sence be felt on the streets, calling for equal political par ticipation at national level but aroused other allied move ments in Latin America in su pport. The Resistencia is now impregnated with the spirit of struggle of women through gestational idiosyncratic ex pressions.
Sectors related to freedom, protection and respect for the rights of women had reached the end of this decade at a peak in terms of organization and unification especially re garding the fight for policies and structural reforms in so ciety. The academics, intellec tuals, militant artists and acti vists established alliances not The Women and Sexual Di seen in other fronts of struggle in the country and even inter versity Movements nationally forming what might Some of these movements be called a true feminist and have also been involved in the women's movement in Hon liberation process of oppres duras. sed peoples by an unprece Center for Women's Studies dented destructive capitalism, Honduras (CEM-H) mostly through active partici Women's Rights Center pation in favor of popular de mands in recent years, inclu ( CDM) Young Women's Network ding the Cuarta Urna (Fourth (REDMUJ) Ballot Box). Adult Women's Network
(REDMUCR) Collective of University Wo men (COFEMUN) Movement of Socialist Wo men, Las Lolas Convergence of Women of Honduras Independent Feminists
On the other hand and in re cent years, the gay, lesbian, transvestites, transsexuals and bisexuals (LGTTB) com munities decided to face not only a criminal but also openly homophobic State .This group accounts for the largest num ber of martyrs of the resistan ce (over 20). The LGTTB in Resistance Platform celebra tes unity by holding the rain bow flag in the streets. The pueblo welcomes whoever fights against any form of re pression and discrimination. and thus opens political spa ces and the few media avai lable for these organizations; an unprecedented situation in Honduras, and that reflects the openness and diversity of the FNRP. The following are some of the groups of the Pla tform: Las Cattrachas Kukulcan Rainbow of Honduras Youth in motion Group litos Casa Renacer Violet Collective Collective TTT Sampredrana Gay Commu· nity for comprehensive health
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most combative sector of the country and is the backbone of the mobilizing forces of the Teachers Organizations Resistance, which is why they The Teachers Organiza· are one of the targets that are tions Federation of Hondu more attacked, slandered, ras (FOMH) is the political persecuted and murdered, in platform representing all particular the leaders. teachers' unions. In 1997 it achieved approval by Natio Organizations of the Agricul nal Congress in the form of tural and Rural Sectors the Decree of Education Wor kers, a tool of labor rights for Since 2006, peasant unions public school teachers which and other producer organi nongovernmental has signified the most impor zations, tant universal achievement of organizations (NGOs) and other organizations related the guild. to the food sector including The magisterial sector has his La Via Campesina Honduras torically been one of the more founded the Alliance for Food structured and in the last five Sovereignty and Agrarian Re decades six teachers' unions form (SARA) formulating law have been created within the proposals from this platform to various branches of public transform the agricultural and education. Inside of these, po food policies in the country. litical fronts have being taking power intermittently, although The main proposal was wel its structure has had partisan comed by Zelaya which inclu dyes, progressive ideology des the immediate implemen dominates. The COLPROSU tation of a comprehensive and MAH and COPEMH represent profound Agrarian Reform that the largest sectors committed distributes national productive with popular struggles. Other resources to eventually esta unions are the COMPRUM, blish a Food Sovereignty sys the COLPEDAGOGO and tem which radically changes PRICMAH, the latter officially the market approach to food allied to the regime, has as in the country. This market affiliate the current Education approach creates poverty and Minister, Alejandro Ventura. destroys the local culture. and tries to boycott the efforts of teachers who are in Resis The campesino (land worker) tencia. movement has had law pro posals for agrarian reform sin The teachers have being du ce 2008. After June 2009 the ring the last thirty years the campesina sectors have been 'AMAS
organized locally and regiona lly in the FNRP represented by their respective unions. Historically. campesinos have been organized in more than a dozen peasant unions (the likes of CNTC, ANACH, ACAN, etc.) with coverage throughout the entire nation focusing upon Aguan Valley, the north coast and south western region which have a large number of members, some of these organizations date back to the great strike of 1954. They are represented by the Coordinating Council of Land Worker Organizations of Hon duras (COCOCH) and have played a prominent role in the functioning of the National Agrarian Institute (INA), ensu ring the implementation of dis tributive agrarian policies from the 70's. Artists in Resistance
the last decade. Artistas Contra el Golpe (Ar tists Against Ihe Coup) and subsequently Artistas en Re sistencia (Artists in Resistan ce) create not only a group that had an impact with the arts but that in general gives personality to the movement itself; thus creating a resistant cultural pattern. A new identi ty that takes into account lo cal culture and national pro duction, breaking schemes and making available to the people the cultural products that have been stolen from it. Popular art is spread in the streets; concerts, forums and other meetings peaking with
event, a historic day for the Honduran Resistance. Workers' Organizations The unionist forces in Hon duras are gathered into three large confederations:
General Confederation of Workers (CGT) Confederation of United Workers of Honduras (CUTH) Confederation of Workers of Honduras (CTH)
These in turn, are formed by trade union federations at the national level and which joined in the aftermath of the Coup. There are also independent
Cultural activity in Honduras was increasing as the people were acquiring a more ope ned sensitiveness about art and popular culture; both had been repressed in the coun try during the past decades. With a weak institutional su pport, circles of filmmakers, poets, musicians and painters increasingly built resonant the organization of Voces spaces, which mixed social Contra el Golpe (Voices protest as a means of cultural Against the Coup), on August expression, especially during 23, 2009, a cultural - political
federations such as the Uni ted Federation of Workers of Honduras (FUTH) to which belongs one of the unions that
has accompanied the popu· lar struggle in Honduras, the Workers Union of Beverage Industry and Similar (STIBYS) Ihat has set the tone at the popular struggle and a unio· nist engagement with popular sectors. The headquarters of this union in the Honduran ca pilal has become the shelter tor the FNRP. It is important to note that Juan Barahona, who is cu rrently the FNRP coordinator is also the coordinator of the Popular Bloc and FUTH; ha ving a long history of struggle with the people and the wor kers. Other outstanding figu· re is Carlos H. Reyes, who launched his independent candidacy in unison with the popular movement last year, withdrawing it in support for the return of Zelaya. Reyes is one of the most important political figures in the country and he is the President of STIBYS. Political Organizations After decades of struggle, in 2000 the Bloque Popular (BP) is born as an umbrella struc· ture for people's vindications and a clear political purpose. In 2003, a larger organization that includes the teachers or ganizations, the campesino and other trade associations is formed with a large popular consensus; the Coordinador Nacional de Resistencia Po-
pular (CNRPXNalional Coor close to the areas where natu dinator of Popular Resistan· ral resources are more exploi led by transnational and local ce) logging companies. The Movi Since several years events miento Ambiental de Olancha entitled Encuentro de las Iz (MAO) (Environmental Move quierdas (Encounter of the ment of Olancho) stand out for Lefts) have being taking pia· its vivid struggle in organizing ce, where group a range of the historic Marches for Ufe, socialist organizations and with an ecological approach several revolutionary tenden that included walks from the cies. some of these today province of Olancha to the ca comprise what is called the pital of the Republic (approxi· Izquierda Unida (Uniled Left). malely 180 km). Father An The CNRP on the other hand. dres Tamayo, is the principal remains vital to the internal leader of this movement and structure of the popular stru has denounced to the world ggle and was very active in the looting of natural the years preceding the Coup, resources of Olancha through using the Cuarta Urna project MAO. as a strategy for changing the country's economical structu Father Tamayo became a lea res imposed by a mix of a new ding figure against the dicta torship that bloodied Hondu and an ancestral oligarchy. The coup revived and acce ras and openly denounced the lerated the social struggle in looting that occurred in front Honduras and political organi of the eyes of the people who zations have been able to im watched a ruthless oligarchy pregnate revolutionary ideolo· conspiring with the Church to gy within the people most of commit the worst sins in the whom were without baseline name of God. to interpret the events that were unfolding in front of their Youth and Student Organiza very eyes, these explained the tions nature of class struggle to the political events occurring in Students are undoubtedly Honduras since June, 2009. amongst the most combative groups and have been in the The Environmental Movement frontline in the demonstrations and in clashes against the re The environmental movement pressive structures. Shortly in Honduras has being formed after the Coup the Frente through regional groups and Nacional de Jovenes en Re· organizations, with commu sistencia (FNJR) (National nity based structures mostly Front of Youth in Resistance)
was organized; umbrella body formed of several grassroots organizations not necessarily students. The Youth in Resis tance are actively involved in the resistance's activities and assist in the collection of Sig natures for the Constituent Assembly, organization of cul tural and political events na tionwide and others. They are currently engaged in the task of creating nuclei throughout the country to support the ac training entity for the new lea tivities of the FNRP and as a ders in Honduras.
The growth of these m o ve ments threaten ed the oligarchy and pushed the m to use violen ce to defend their in terests.
3. The Peoples Power, engine of the Resis tance
Built, Built... Popular Power Antonio Torres Many clashes have been oc curring in the streets of Hon duras. On one side were the unarmed civilians and on the other side was the violence of the police and Honduran army, which only acts under orders of the angry and vio lent businessmen. on the streets. But this argu ment was crushed because there was no money to pay a hundred of thousands to be 200 days continuously in pro test. For the coupists (golpistas) there was no logical explana tion, because they only un derstand things in monetary terms and courage is out of their capacity of analysis. aning People Power as the democracy of all, which comes from the struggle and that to day is built on the streets and in the fields. This work has been assumed by the Frente Nacional de Re sistencia Popular (FNRP) that understands that its main for ce eradicates in the great po pulation that never has been organized before and its first experience was being on the streets confronting the cou pists. This process pushes the FNRP toward the re-founda tion of the country. This feeling of popular indignation brought
Many thought as incompre hensible that after a great massacre and violence the people would stili be in the streets yelling slogans and The courage of the Hondu proclamations. The regime's ran people is obtained from media tried to ruin this pro the objective that commonly cess, by announcing that the is yelled on the streets "built, se people were paid for being built... People Power", me-
together the social movement with the people not organi zed, forming by this way the National Front of Resistance Against the coup d'etat. Sub sequently this Front became in what we know now as the FNRP. In this moment the FNRP is an instrument of People Power construction with full political and ideological independen ce from political parties, reli gions and other organizations or people, and it is integrated by popular movements, social organizations and political ins tances that search for social transformation of the country The principal axes of struggle are: a. The Political Formation as definitive factor of the building of participative democracy, b. The Organization as defini tive factor of the consolidation of forces at local, regional and national level, c. The permanent Movilization in defense and protection of the rights of the people. Because of the importance of the political formation of the people that are part of the Front, an organic structure of the FNRP has been created, which consists of: a. Collectives of Resistance rural com munities, popular organiza tions, social organizations) b. the Municipal Assembly of
the representatives of the co necessities and interests of llectives of resistance (exe every community. Also by this, cutive body - Coordination of is enabled the autonomy of the objectives and principles the Municipal Resistance) of the FNRP. c. the Departmental Assembly of representatives of the mu The collective assumes toge nicipal resistance (executive ther with other democratic and body - Coordination of the popular sectors the responsi Departmental Resistance) bility of working for the cons d. the National Assembly of truction, taking and exercising representatives of the de of the power; The National partmental resistance inclu Constituent Assembly and the ding the representatives of Re-foundation of Honduras. the social and political forces (executive body - National Also within the CPR's is rai sing the generation of spaces Coordination) for the cultural, artistic and re The Collectives of Popular creational expressions of the Resistance (CPR) are the communities, and with this basic unit of the FNRP that the FNRP could attract more integrates people (militants people or it could obtain the and followers) from all sectors support of the people for the building participative propo Front's activities. sals from their concrete reali For a more efficient structu ty. ring of each CPR, the number To guarantee the equal par of participants per collective tiCipation of all sectors of the would be between 5 to 50 populati on of the country, people. Also, every CPR has without discriminations, the a weekly reunion and follows CPR's are organized by ta a political formation plan to king into mind the common achieve a better organic life.
As the military took their po sitions early in the morning of June 28th, confusion reigned in the Honduran capital. 2 mi llion people were expected to participate in the non-binding referendum that would take place that day, Instead, the country woke up to a coup d'etat that had been attemp ted for the first time only 3 days before. Throughout the morning, the mass media (in the hands of corporations) did their best to conceal the historic events. President Zelaya had remai ned in exile for seven hours Roberto when Micheletti made his first public appea rance, one of the few events that was covered by the mass
4. A Media War
Honduras and the revolution that wouldn't be broadcasted Larissa Acosta Later on that June 28th, Radio Globo, among others, started Despite disinformation, its underground broadcasts. thousands of citizens sponta Depending on their location, neously arrived at Gasa Pre people realized they had to sidencial. In this very group trade the media they had trus were the first Hondurans to ted during generations for: break the censure, using no thing but their cell phones Radio Globo http://Www.ra and cameras. They rushed to dioglobohonduras.coml their homes or 'Nork places to Radio Progreso http://www. upload their amateur videos radiopragresohn. 0 rgl to YouTube. Radio Gualcho http://WWN. radiogualcho.infol Historic newspapers, radio, Radio Uno http://www.ra and TV stations became the dioun0830.es.tll Puente Sur (http://puentesur leading figures in a dirty dis information strategy, that con neU), a network of alternative tinues even one year after the communicators with presence coup. Any voice that opposes in Mexico, EI Salvador, Hon the de facto regime finds spa duras, Nicaragua, Colombia, ce only in the independent Venezuela, Ecuador, Argenti media. na, Uruguay, Chile and Spain.
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www.quotha.neU Nicaragua for the first time in 1987. A passionate supporter Los Necios Friends http:// of the Sandinista movement, losnecios.coml?page_id;;;3 7 he has denounced human Honduras Culture and Poli rights violations committed tics http://hondurasculturepo by multinationals like PAR litics. blog spot. co ml MALAT. Currently, he works Two international news sites for Rel-UITA. As a result of the pOlitical insta that have given special cove bility, Honduras has received Of course. thousands of other rage to the events in Hondu periodic visits from hundreds combatants from different ras have been: of international correspon parts of the world arrived at dents. The Frente Nacional de this trench to join the quest for The Real News http://www. Resistencia Popular is deeply the truth. For their priceless therealnews.comIt2! grateful to these independent contribution, they deserve The Narco News Bulletin http://WNW.narconews.com! journalists for their professio their own memoir. nalism and commitment to the truth. We would like to refer The New Media Our very own Media specially to: In a country with a predomi The Frente Nacional de Re Dick Emanuelsson, the Swe nant young population, per sistencia Popular has laun dish reporter, who found his to haps the internet has been ched its website: http://re way to Honduras from Colom the most decisive tool to break sistenciahonduras.neU. This bia, where he was threatened the media siege. dynamic site is updated twice with death by the military esta every day. Besides editorials, blishment. Emanuelsson has Dozens of news sites and forums, news, and press re been covering Latin America blogs have been created: leases. it broadcasts a live since 1980. His blog, http:// conference that addresses is dickema 24. blogspot. coml, Vos el Soberano http://vosel sues of key importance every has been censored repeate Wednesday at 5 pm. All the soberano.comIv1! dly by Google. Honduras Laboral http://hon organizations that are part of duraslaboral.orgl the movement have their own Ida Garberi, the Cuban co Habla Honduras http://ha section. The English version rrespondent of Prensa la blahonduras.com! of the site is ready and trans tina, spent a long time in lations will be available in Honduras. She set the inter There are also several blogs many languages. national alarm for the Aguan with content in English: conflict. Her blog, http://www. In an effort to interact with viejoblues.com/Bitacora/ida Honduras Coup 2009 http:// other users, the Front has garberi, also contains a lot of hondurascoup2009.blogspot. also launched its Facebook information about the Cuban com! Profile. Frente Nacional Re Revolution. Honduras Resists hUp:1I sis ten cia is managed by the ho ndurasresists.blogspot. communications commission Giorgio Trucchi, the prizewin com! and we encourage you to fo ning Italian reporter, arrived in Adrienne Pine's blog http:// llow us on Twitter, too.
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Access to printed media has always been limited. For seven years, EI Ubertador ( http://www.ellibertador.hn/) has been the only indepen dent newspaper in the coun try.
One of the most important goals is to pass on the revo lutionary ideals of the move ment. Despite the enormous challenges ahead, the Hondu ran Resistance has proven to be up to the task.
5. From the Resis tance to the Re-foundation of Honduras
The present and the future of a struggling Honduras Gerardo Torres The history of Honduras is have agreed to unify to build currently experiencing one of a just society, without discrimi its most turbulent times, the nation, where the exploitation life of the country was split in over one another simply does two after the onset of Popular not fit Resistance in response to the Coup d'Etat of June 28, 2009, The ultimate goal is the refoundation of the State, a The National Front of Popular concept that is now following Resistance (FNRP) is the pla- as a nightmare the oligarchic tform on which all political and entrepreneurial classes, who social sectors in Honduras believed that by taking a rifle and pushing Manuel Zelaya out of home and sending him to Costa Rica would end a project that had already beco me a collective desire. The miscalculation of the army and the entrepreneurs was believing that as in the past people would end up ac cepting the inevitable, people would cease to the power of
the usual and the country would return to "normality". The popular response was very different and sectors that have historically struggled for popular causes put aside their differences and consolidated as a single force. In the early days of the Coup, clashes were immediate and confrontations between unar med civilians and the forces of State repression (police and army) were attacking as if it were a war, taken by surprise that on the side of the civilians not a single step backwards was reported. The slogan of demanding the immediate return of the legitimate president was em bedding through the historical claims of a people crushed by the interests of capital. Zela ya from abroad, invited his countrymen not to abandon the process of the National Constituent Assembly and the Resistencia held firm fighting against the criminals who had attacked not only the repre sentative of Hondurans but also democracy, the Rule of Law and the Nation in gene ral. The Constituent the next step Assembly,
Much has happened since those early days. On the one hand the coupists, sponsored by the Department of State of
When speaking about Demo cracy it means that all citizens have equal opportunities to have an opinion and decide on the future of their country. This new legal framework will have as central focus the po pular interests, in Honduras With these elections they put never more there will be judi at the Presidential Palace a cial activity for businessmen hypocrite Porfirio Lobo, who is and the Rule of Law will exist the new face of violence and for the development of the repression, and who spends human being and not for a all his energies to invent a na handful of few companies that tional reality in order to achie have survived through the plundering of public funds and ve international recognition. On the other hand there is overexploitation of resources the Resistenaa that has be and people. come stronger, which has shifted from short-term ac It will be of participatory na tion to the structures and the ture as power must not be strategy to take power and understood as a small group change the country. Even the deciding over the majority, but most reactionary sectors of the majority exercising power the Honduran anachronistic with their own hands. right recognize it and point it as an imminent danger the This process has so far been emergence of a new Popular the key to the success of the Power, created and led from Popular Resistance, because there is no corner of the coun the FNRP. try that has not been taken Across the country there is into account and the pro Resistencia, people are orga blems of the community are nized in committees for work expressed by the community and by community, village, itself. Also part of this process department and region as are the different agendas that semblies are held which are enrich the political and social the pillars on which the new spectrum of the country. society will rest are built. It takes into account the needs of indigenous peoples and The goal is clear: to con vene a National Assembly Afro descendants, workers' to create a new Constitution struggles as well as those of which has to be democratic, the campesino, the booming voices of the students are as popular and participatory. the United States, staged the spectacle of the elections to be held while people in resis tance were being imprisoned and killed and the legitimate president was kept in captivi ty.
strong as the environmental claims and the gay, lesbian, transvestites, transsexuals and bisexuals ( LGTTB) communities demand their rights at the same table on which the Christian and religious communities are inviting to the struggle for justice. Women led the struggle in the street and today they take their position of equality along with men to go forward in this process, that without saying, shows at every step that it has the momentum that has made possible all impossible revolulions.
not fit into the flawed structure that governs Honduras. Firstly, to negotiate with the current government is to ne gotiate with murderers and recognize violence as a legi timate act on behalf of busi nessmen when their economic interests are endangered. The same people who kid napped the President and have killed, beaten, raped and imprisoned hundreds of Hon durans today enjoy privileged positions within the public ad ministration. With those criminals we cannol speak,
The new Constitution is built every day, but it is not the ulti mate goal of Hondurans_
The Constitution is only the legal framework that will enable the construction of a new society. the only way to address them would be to declare their sen tences.
Moreover, it is absurd to believe that the Resistance could Re-founding, the goal be a kind of opposition to the Generally speaking during government of Lobo, becauthe assemblies it is commonly se in essence it is not only referred to re-foundation, cut- against this particular admi ling off any attempt to tamper nistration, but against any with or betrayal of the popular Rule of Law that crushes and project. Some voices propose impoverishes the majority to negotiation with Porfirio Lobo allow the profit of the compa to make the Resistencia into nies and the looters. one element of the current institutional framework, being That is the main danger of the unable to understand that for Popular Resistance for to the many reasons the FNRP does selfish interests.
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In Honduras a new State has begun to be imagined, one that is completely antagonistic to those supporting the minis tries and bureaucracy. The population remains in a marked civil disobedience and the power of the coup plotters is only kept by the
treacherous weapons of the Frente Nacional de Resis Armed Forces. The situation tencia Popular is kept; which is unsustainable and that is is betting on unity, the cons known by the very entrepre truction of popular power, the neurs who see the only way political education of all Hon out by trying to divide the Re durans and strengthening sistance, distract it, and try to our own media, then victory stop the momentum that has is unstoppable and the new been taking force. society an utopia that has stopped to hide to become If the current position of the the near future of a people
who today remains in combat though actions and ideas.
Organizaci6n Polilica Los Necios Honduras, Centro America
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