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Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri
Page 1 of 1 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/CUVÂNT INAINTE
Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri
Page 1 of 1
CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA - VERBUL
Asist uni. Georgeta Obilisteanu Lect.univ. Marioara Patesan 1. CUVÂNT INAINTE 2. LECTIA I - TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV 3. LECTIA II - CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 4. LECTIA III - MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE 5. LECTIA IV - VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA 6. LECTIA V - DIATEZA PASIVA 7. LECTIA VI - VERBELE MODALE 8. LECTIA VII - MODUL SUBJONCTIV 9. LECTIA VIII - MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE 10. LECTIA IX - CHEIA EXERCITIILOR 10.1 Timpurile modului 10.2. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor 10.3. Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 10.4. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 10.5. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 10.6. Exercitii cu verbe modale 10.7. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 10.8. Exercitii cu constructii verbale 11. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE
Verbul constituie coloana vertebrala a unei limbi. Cartea „Curs practic de limba engleza – verbul" (cu exercitii si cheie) cuprinde o parte teoretica – prezentarea clara si sistematica a modurilor, timpurilor, concordantei timpurilor, verbelor modale si a altor probleme legate de verbul englez (cu exemple si traducere), precum si o parte practica cu exercitii la fiecare capitol si la sfârsitul cartii au fost incluse cheia exercitiilor si lista verbelor neregulate intâlnite in cadrul exemplelor si exercitiilor. Prezentarea teoretica a problemelor este facuta in limba româna. Cursul se adreseaza studentilor incepatori si intermediari din anii I si II de studiu, precum si cursantilor adulti, cu conditia ca acestia sa aiba cunostinte anterioare, chiar sumare, de limba engleza.
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Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri
Negativ I am not working. You are not (aren’t) working. He/she/it is not (isn’t) working. We are not (aren’t) working. You are not (aren’t) working. They are not (aren’t) working. Interogativ Am I working? Are we working? Are you working? Are you working? Is he/she/it working? Are they working? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune in plina desfasurare in momentul prezent. Ex. Where are you going? I am going to school. De asemenea poate arata o actiune care se desfasoara pe timp limitat in perioada prezenta. Ex.: I go to school by bus this week. My father is taking me in his car. Uneori se poate folosi timpul Present Tense Continuous cu adverbul always, pentru a arata o actiune repetata. In acest caz, exista o conotatie afectiva (nemultumire) sau actiunea respectiva este caracteristica pentru acea persoana. Ex. You are always losing your things. You are always grumbling when I ask you to help me in the kitchen. Exercitii cu Present Simple si Present Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Simple) la interogativ si negativ: Nota: Verbul „to have", atunci când nu inseamna „a avea, a poseda", ci este parte dintr-o expresie (to have breakfast, to have a shower, to have a party), formeaza negativul si interogativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului „to do". I love my brother. She talks too much. I understand you. You play the piano very well. I always believe you. He remembers my phone number. They live in Bucharest. He has a hot bath every day. I trust my friend. I have lunch at one o’clock.
LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exista doua aspecte in limba engleza: simplu si continuu. In general, timpurile simple se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe actiunea propriu-zisa, iar timpurile continue se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe durata actiunii, pe perioada de timp in care aceasta are loc. In explicarea intrebuintarii timpurilor continue se va intâlni formularea „actiune in plina desfasurare". Aceasta inseamna ca actiunea a inceput inainte de momentul la care se face referire si va continua dupa acel moment. Exista un numar de verbe in limba engleza care nu se folosesc la forma continua, deoarece ideea de durata e inclusa in continutul lor semantic. Ex. to want, to like, to dislike, to understand, to owe, to matter, to love, to hate, to belong, to believe, to remember, to know. A. Present Tense Simple Afirmativ Negativ I work I do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work He/she/it works He/she/it does not (doesn’t) work We work We do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work They work They do not (don’t) work Interogativ Do I work? Do we work? Do you work? Do you work? Does he/she/it work? Do they work? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune regulata, obisnuita, in perioada prezenta. Ex. What do you do? (Cu ce te ocupi?) I am a student. What time do you usually have breakfast? Present Tense Continuous Se conjuga verbul „to be" la timpul prezent si se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I am working We are working. You are working You are working He/she/it is working They are working
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
2. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Continuous) la negativ si interogativ:
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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 3 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 4 of 18 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. It is raining. I am having a walk. He is telling the truth. You are typing a letter. They are swimming in the river. My friend is wearing a new dress. My mother is resting. We are studying English. Ann is knitting. The child is learning to play the piano.
I (think) of my mother just now. 7. You (know) what time is it? 4. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. Iarna ninge. Duminica el nu se scoala devreme. Eu nu studiez seara. Ce faci? Citesti sau privesti la televizor? Secretara tocmai bate la masina un referat. Ea merge la cumparaturi sâmbata. Acum imi fac temele la engleza. Nu-mi place cafeaua. Ce carte citesti? La ce ora se scoala John dimineata? Ce faci tu in zilele libere? Cui ii telefonezi? El nu merge la scoala cu metroul, merge pe jos. De ce deschizi fereastra? Adesea citesc carti englezesti. Ea isi face bagajul. Cât de des le scrii parintilor tai? Când merg la mare imi place sa inot mult. Clientul tocmai isi alege o pereche de pantofi. B. Past Tense Simple Past Tense Simple se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei – ed in cazul verbelor regulate. Ex. to work – worked Daca verbul este neregulat, Past Tense trebuie invatat din tabelul de verbe neregulate care indica cele trei forme de baza ale verbului: forma I – infinitiv, forma II- Paste Tense, forma III – participiul trecut. Ex. to speak – spoke – spoken Afirmativ
3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Present Simple sau la Present Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. I (not go) shopping because it (rain). What you (do) on Sundays? He usually (drink) coffee but now he (drink) tea. In England it often (rain). I (not like) that boy. He usually (speak) so quickly that I (not understand) him. You (like) this book? You (dream) at night?
Yes, I (dream) every night. 1. I can’t answer the phone now because I (cook). 2. How you usually (get) to work? I usually (go) by bus, but now I (take) a taxi because I am late. 1. The manager can’t receive you now as he (have) an interview. 2. You (write) to John now? Yes, I (be). I always (write) to him on his birthday. 1. Where you (hurry)? To the theatre, as I (not want) to miss the first act. 1. She always (borrow) books from me and never (remember) to give them back. 2. You (go) to work every day? Yes, of course, except Saturdays and Sundays. 3. Why you (smoke) so much? 4. Who you (wait) for? I (wait) for John, but he is late, as usual. 5. I always (have) a rest after lunch. 6. What you (think) of?
worked I/you/he/she/it/we/they spoke Negativ work I/you/he/she/it/we/they did not speak
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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 5 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 6 of 18 Interogativ work? Did I/you/he/she/it/we/they speak? Forma prescurtata a lui did not este didn’t (I didn’t work). Past Tense Simple arata o actiune trecuta, terminata, efectuata intr-o perioada de timp trecuta, terminata. Este timpul de naratiune. Se traduce, de obicei, cu perfectul compus. Ex. Yesterday I went for a walk. (Ieri am mers al plimbare.) Last year I travelled to England. (Anul trecut am calatorit in Anglia.) Past Tense Continuous Se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to be" la trecut (Past Tense) si adaugarea formei ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I was working We were working You were working You were working He/she/it was working They were working Negativ I was not working We were not working You were not working You were not working He/she/it was not working They were not working Formele prescurtate sunt: was not – wasn’t I wasn’t working. were not – weren’t They weren’t working. Interogativ Was I working? Were we working? Were you working? Were you working? Was he/she/it working? Were they working? Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment din trecut. Se traduce, de obicei, cu imperfectul. Ex. This time yesterday, I was watching TV. (Ieri pe vremea asta priveam la televizor.) Adesea, in aceeasi fraza, este posibil sa apara un verb folosit la Past Continuous si un verb folosit la Past Simple. In acest caz, verbul la Past Continuous (tradus cu imperfectul), reprezinta fundalul de timp pe care se petrece actiunea exprimata de Past Simple (tradus cu perfectul compus). Ex. While I was crossing the street, I met John. Este, de asemenea, posibil sa apara intr-o fraza timpul Past Continuous in mod repetat. In aceasta situatie, ambele verbe se traduc cu imperfectul, ele aratând actiuni paralele, in plina desfasurare, intr-un moment trecut. Ex. While John was reading, his sister was watching TV. (In timp ce John citea, sora lui privea la televizor.) Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. I sleep until 9 o’clock every day. He meets John on Sundays. You speak English well. You drink too much. You ask too many questions. I play football. I own two umbrellas. I like to have a coffee in the morning. That sounds interesting. I always make cakes on Sundays.
1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la negativ si interogativ: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. He thought about you. They drank all the wine. I hated him. He changed his library book every day. I sold my car. We worked very hard. He came home late. I enjoyed travelling. He translated the text. He forbade her to do this.
1. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Tense Simple sau Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. When you (come in), I talk on the phone. When I first (meet) him, he (work) in a bank. While he (learn) to drive, he (have) an accident. As I (write), someone (ring up). Where you (go) when I (meet) you? What you (do) this time yesterday? When I (enter) the classroom, the teacher (write) on the blackboard. When I (arrive), she (have) dinner. This time last Sunday, I (watch) a film on TV. He suddenly (realize) that he (not wear) his glasses.
1. Traduceti in limba engleza:
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nu se poate folosi timpul Present Perfect. ever. (Mi-am pierdut umbrela. (Nu l-am vazut pe John de doua luni. daca se pune o intrebate referitoare la trecut care incepe cu „when". El a dat primul examen saptamâna trecuta. Afirmativ I have worked We have worked You have worked You have worked He/she/it has worked They have worked Negativ I have not (haven’t) worked. 17. I didn’t get up early this morning. Have you seen Hamlet? (Ai vazut Hamlet?) I have lost my umbrella . 18.actrus. I must buy a new one. Cu acest sens se folosesc de obicei prepozitiile since (din.) I have known John for two years.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. In acest caz. Se foloseste cu adverbe de timp neprecizat care leaga trecutul de prezent. http://quintet. Ieri pe vremea asta ploua. 2. timp de). I have seen two films this week. 13. 21. In acest caz. Baietii jucau carti când l-au auzit pe tatal lor intrând in casa. 14. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care se aseaza intre auxiliar si verb: often. Saptamâna trecuta am fost bolnav si nu am mers la scoala.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Soarele nu a apus la ora 8 aseara.html 5 of 42 12/15/04 . folosirea lui este insotita de adverbe precum: today. 4. mi-am luat micul dejun si apoi am plecat la scola.. (Il cunosc pe John din 1990. When did you see Hamlet? I saw it last week. De asemenea. Present Perfect Simple Timpul Present Perfect Simple se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to have" la prezent. Duminica trecuta prietenii mei au jucat sah. 5. 3. (Nu l-am vazut pe John din septembrie.) Trebuie precizat faptul ca. 6. (Am vazut doua filme saptamâna aceasta. Ex.) l arata o actiune trecuta. daca aceasta este in cursul diminetii (pâna la ora 12) sau dupa amiaza. this year.. He/she/it has not (hasn’t) worked. 19. I haven’t seen John for two months. se foloseste Past Simple. just. 10. Unde ti-ai petrecut concediul vara trecuta? Ieri m-am sculat devreme. always.) Daca adverbul de timp este „this morning". already. this week. 9. ora 10 a. Acum doua zile am cazut si mi-am rupt piciorul. Timpul Present Perfect nu poate fi folosit cu un adverb de timp precizat in trecut. Page 7 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. efectuata intr-o perioada de timp neterminata. Ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Nu m-am sculat devreme azi dimineata. Page 8 of 18 1. this month. (Il cunosc pe John de doi ani. intrucât „when" reprezinta un moment precizat in trecut. care are rezultate in prezent sau care. incepând din) si for (de. 16. 8. Traducerea celor doua propozitii in limba româna este identica. never. Când te-ai intors de la munte? Când ai cumparat acest televizor? Ieri mi-am pierdut manusile.. arata o actiune inceputa in trecut care continua pâna in prezent. Ai dormit bine noaptea trecuta? Ieri nu am mers la bazinul de inot. 11. dintr-un motiv sau altul. ora 2 p. C. 20. seldom. 12. la care se adauga forma a treia (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. I must buy a new one. folosirea timpului verbal este conditionata de momentul in care se face afirmatia. 15.m. intereseaza in prezent. Ex.) I haven’t seen John since September. nu mai poate fi folosit timpul Present Perfect. 7. I lost my umbrella yesterday.m. Interogativ Have I worked? Has he/she/it worked? Timpul Present Perfect este un timp de relatie. I haven’t got up early this morning. daca se mentioneaza momentul trecut in care a avut loc actiunea care intereseaza in prezent sau care are rezultate in prezent. Batea un vânt puternic când am iesit din casa.actrus.) I have known John since 1990. arata o actiune trecuta.. El arata o legatura intre trecut si momentul prezent. Ex. M-am sculat târziu ieri dimineata. Timpul Present Perfect Simple se foloseste in urmatoarele situatii: l l Ex. eu conduceam masina spre Sinaia. terminata. Ce faceai martea trecuta la ora 7 dimineata? Ma pregateam sa merg la facultate. Ex. Cine a câstigat meciul alaltaieri? In timp ce ploua. 22. Trebuie sa-mi cumpar una noua. In timp ce imi cautam pasaportul am gasit aceasta fotografie veche. Ei au ascuns imediat cartile si si-au scos manualele de scoala.
Folositi Present Perfect Simple in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1.) Dupa cum se poate observa. 9.m. 1. He hasn’t returned home yet. sa continue si in viitor. 16.actrus. (El nu s-a intors inca acasa. I (not be) to the seaside this year. How long you (live) here? I (live) here for one year. 5. You (read) Sorescu’s last book? You (pay) the telephone bill? He (not go) to bed yet. If it doesn’t stop soon. (Nu l-am vazut in ultimul timp. 7.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 12/15/04 http://quintet. 11. Have you ever been to England? (Ai fost vreodata in Anglia?) No. He (fish) for two hours but he (catch) nothing yet. I (lose) my pen. in functie de context.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.. I just (have) one. It (not rain) since December. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. I’m tired of it. 7. Ex. She (change) a lot since I (see) her last. thank you. 1. I haven’t. How long you (wear) glasses? I (cook) all the morning. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care stau la sfârsitul propozitiei: lately. 13. I am not out of work now. 10. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA.. timpul Present Perfect Simple se traduce in româneste fie cu prezentul.) Ca si Present Perfect Simple. Where you (be)? I (be) to the market. Page 10 of 18 Ex. yet (in propozitii negative). 8.html 6 of 42 . Interogativ Have I been working? Has he been working? Timpul Present Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare..actrus. He has not (hasn’t) been working. You (see) your mother this week? No. 3. Daca nu se opreste in curând. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple in locul infinitivelor: 1. (Sunt obosit pentru ca am muncit toata ziua. It’s time we woke him up. I already (see) this film. 12. You (visit) the Village Museum? You ever (eat) caviar? I (not write) to my friend for three months. 9. 11. Present Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Present Perfect Simple al verbului „to be". 12. Yes. You ever (drive) a car? He always (rely on) his friend. Page 9 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. she (leave) for Brasov a week ago. Ex. vom avea inundatii. There isn’t any train service because the engine – drivers (go) on strike. Your ever (try) to give up smoking? Yes. 8. 19. we shall have floods. I have often been to England. se poate traduce cu prezentul sau cu perfectul compus din limba româna. 22. (Ploua de trei ore. 8. You must come and see it. care continua in prezent. I (ask) you to clean your room for two days. poate arata probabilitatea ca actiunea inceputa in trecut. I (wear) my hair long since I (be) a little girl. He (not come) home yet. I (buy) a new house. 5. 4. 6. 6. 3. Would you like a cake? No. 4. It has been raining for three hours. How many dishes you (cook)? Why you (be) in the garden so long? I (water) the flowers. 2. Ex. When you (use) it last? 2. I have never been to England. We (know) each other for several years. cu accent pe durata. Afirmativ I have been working We have been working You have been working You have been working He/she/it has been working They have been working Negativ I have not (haven’t) been working. 17. intre un moment trecut si prezent. 3. 10. The radio (play) since 7 a. 18. fie cu perfectul compus. 20.. 21. He (sleep) for 10 hours now. 7. I am tired because I have been working all day. 6. 4.) I haven’t seen him lately. You (be) out of work long? 5. 14. I (shop) all day and I want to have a rest now. I (do) a lot of work since I (get up) in the morning. I (lend) him some money today. When are you going to do it? Ever since that woman came to work here. You (not see) it anywhere? No. I (get) a job last month. she (try) to make trouble.) De asemene. 15. I (try) last year but I (not succeed). You (water) the flowers? He just (leave) home. 2. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous 1.
s-a plictisit. 6. Am mers pe jos 10 km pâna acum. in acest caz. Afirmativ I had been working. 3. echivalentul in limba româna al acestui timp este mai mult ca perfectul. (Dupa ce John privise (a privit) la televizor 10 minute. Ai vazut ziarul de azi? A plecat John? Da. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) been working. After they (finish) dinner. De asemenea. Interogativ Had I been working? Aceste forme se pastreaza la toate persoanele. It (rain) since we (leave) Bucharest.) When you rang me up. 2. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Past Perfect Continuous poate prelua functiile lui Present Perfect Cotinuous in propozitia secundara. Afirmativ I had worked. (Ieri la ora 9 luasem micul dejun. este vorba de o relatie intre doua momente trecute. acum doi ani. I had finished writing my homework. Past Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu verbul „to have" la Past Tense Simple. dar. Yesterday at 9 o’clock I had had breakfast. 17. Un copil a spart geamul. Ei lucreaza la aceasta casa de un an si nu au terminat-o inca. am mers arareori pe jos la slujba. Ti-ai luat deja micul dejun? Da. Ex.) Dupa cum se observa..ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. D. (Când el a intrat in camera. El a scris numai doua scrisori de când a plecat in strainatate. 19. 18. Page 11 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC.) He said it had been raining for three days. Interogativ Had I worked? Acest timp are aceeasi forma la toate persoanele. De când mi-am cumparat masina. Am stat acasa si nu am regretat nici o clipa. 16. 20.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. 23. 1. 5. 11. Este. 21. Timpul Past Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente trecute. 2. am petrecut o luna aici. Ex. 13. acest timp se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul. El este ministru de doi ani. a plecat acum o ora. 12.) After John had been watching TV for 10 minutes. he got bored.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. De cât timp inveti engleza? Vremea s-a incalzit in ultimul timp. 25. 10. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Tense Simple sau Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. Cine te-a invatat sa vorbesti engleza atât de bine? Unde ti-ai petrecut vacanta anul acesta? M-am gândit adesea sa-mi iau carnet de conducere.actrus. 11. Traduc un text de doua ore si nu l-am terminat inca. Ninge de doua ore. 9. când in aceeasi fraza in propozitia principala se afla un verb la Past Tense.. La ce te-ai uitat? A fost un accident. 4. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Simple: 1. (Când mi-ai telefonat.actrus. 8. terminasem de scris temele. Exercitii cu Past Simple si Continuous 1. they drank some coffee. Ai mai fost in acest oras? Da.. ca si Present Perfect.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. la care se adauga forma III (past participle) a verbului de conjugat. Past Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Past Perfect Simple al verbului „to be".) Ca sens.html 7 of 42 12/15/04 . 10. l-am luat la ora 8. He (be) very ill since the holidays (begin). 22. Page 12 of 18 9. Se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul sau perfectul compus. (El a spus ca ploua de trei zile. Cu cine ai votat la ultimele alegeri? Nu am mers la vot. She said she already (be) to England. 15. she had been typing for one hour.. http://quintet. 24. When he entered the room. ea batea la masina de o ora. Mergem pe jos de la ora 3. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) worked. Trebuie sa-l inlocuim. The child (play) the piano since I (return) from school. perfectul compus sau imperfectul din limba româna. 14. un verb de relatie. Arata o actiune trecuta care a avut loc inaintea unei alte actiuni sau a unui moment din trecut. 7.
she felt chilly. 5. Negativ I (shall) will not be going. 9. she (write) letters for one hour. I (shall) will meet him next week. 8. You will be going. After Jane (swim) for half an hour. it (rain) for one hour. mother (cook) for two hours. she (tell) me they (be) friends for five years. 7. I (ring up) him and (congratulate) him. 10. You will not be going. 10. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. She just (go) out when I (call at) her house. She discovered her child (not tell) the truth. After John (leave). 3. 2. El mi-a multumit pentru ceea ce facusem pentru el. He told me he (catch) some fish on that day.. Interogativ Shall I go? Shall we go? Will you go? Will you go? Will he/she/it/ go? Will they go? Trebuie remarcat faptul ca la interogativ persoana I. When we arrived at Sinaia.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Ei mi-au spus ca locuiau in Franta din 1980. Afirmativ I (shall) will go We (shall) will go You will go You will go He/she/it will go They will go Negativ I (shall) will not go We (shall) will not go You will not go You will not go He/she/it will not go They will not go Forma scurta pentru „shall not" este shan’t. They will be going. When I rang her up. 6. 5. You will be going. 3.) Future Continuous Se formeaza cu viitorul simplu al verbului „to be". 4. When we reached the top. 8. 4.html 12/15/04 1. I realized she (have) a party. When we met them. we (climb) for 7 hours. Puneti verbele din paranteza la Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau la Past Tense Simple: 1. she (study) the subject for a week. 4. 4. 9. We were shocked to hear she (not pass) the exam. Page 13 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. Ex. At 3 o’clock on Friday.actrus. 9. they (wait) for the bus for half an hour. E. Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. The fire (spread) to the next building when the firemen arrived. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. When I arrived home. 7. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul vorbea la telefon de o jumatate de ora. When I (find out) he (get married). 3. Când am ajuns la statia de autobuz.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. The house was much smaller then he (think) at first. He/she/it will be going. The child (eat) all the cakes before his mother became aware of it. se foloseste numai „shall". 1. somebody told us it (rain) for hours. 5. she (clean) and (dust) for 5 hours. Afirmativ I (shall) will be going. When she decided to have a rest. 5. Mi-a parut rau ca il jignisem. El nu facuse nimic inainte de a-mi cere mie sfatul. 6. When I left home. we (realize) we (lose) our way. When I called on her unexpectedly.. The river became deeper after it (rain) heavily for a few hours. He asked me whether I (meet) John before. 10. The professor (speak) for 10 minutes when I (enter) the hall. iar pentru „will not" este won’t.. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Continuous: 1. 6. 8. When she sat for the exam. He (learn) English for two years before he (go) to England for the first time. Page 14 of 18 3. Ei au calatorit in multe tari dupa ce s-au casatorit. I (return) from school.actrus. We (shall) will not be going. 7.html 8 of 42 . will la persoana II si III. 9.. De indata ce a terminat de scris lucrarea. 12/15/04 http://quintet. After John (listen to) the news bulletin. http://quintet. He (tell) me he (be) to the theatre the day before.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. After we (walked) for an hour. 7. We (shall) will be going. De indata ce au plecat musafirii. 10. he (go) downstairs to have dinner. He/she/it will not be going. (Il voi intâlni saptamâna viitoare. am mers la culcare. Nu ti-am telefonat pentru ca am crezut ca plecasesi in strainatate. 8. We (ask) him what countries he (visit). Acest timp arata o actiune viitoare obisnuita. 6. 2. 1. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple: 1. a inmânat-o profesorului. Future Tense Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will la persoana I. 2. mi-am dat seama ca imi lasasem poseta acasa.
atunci când in principala se afla un verb la trecut. They will have gone. Afirmativ I (shall) will have gone.. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Interogativ Shall I have gone? Shall we have gone? Will you have gone? Will you have gone? Will he/she/it have gone? Will they have gone? Acest timp arata o actiune anterioara unei alte actiuni sau unui moment viitor.. He/she/it will not have gone. He said that at 3 o’clock. he would be travelling to England. We (shall) will have gone. the next day. (El a spus ca va intârzia. I will have reached Predeal. You will have gone.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. (Mâine la ora trei voi calatori spre Anglia.. Se traduce cu viitorul simplu sau cu viitorul anterior din limba româna. la ora 3. Page 16 of 18 You will not be going.actrus. Ex. I (shall) will have been going.) Future Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Future Perfect al verbului „to be". I will have been studying for three hours. Afirmativ I (should) would go We (should) would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would go Negativ I (should) would not go We (should) would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forma scurta de la „should not" este shouldn’t. He said he would be late. Ex. We (shall) will not have gone. They will not be going.) Alte mijloace de exprimare a viitorului http://quintet. la care se adauga infinitivul trecut al verbului de conjugat.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Se traduce cu timpul viitor anterior din limba româna. Page 15 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. (have + forma III). You will not have gone. Este un timp rar folosit. Interogativ Shall I be going? Shall we be going? Will you be going? Will you be going? Will he/she/it be going? Will they be going? Acest timp arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment viitor.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Future-in-the-Past Simple Se formeaza cu should (persoana I) sau would (toate persoanele). You will not have gone. Când vei veni tu acasa. Negativ I (shall) will not have gone.) Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. va calatori spre Anglia. He/she/it will have gone. I will be travelling to England. Future-in-the-Past Continuous Se formeaza cu Future-in-the-Past Simple al verbului „to be". nu se pune problema folosirii lui a interogativ decât in intrebari disjunctive. By three o’clock tomorrow.html 9 of 42 12/15/04 . Future Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will. voi studia (voi fi studiat) de trei ore. You will have gone. I should (would) be going. When you come home. (El a spus ca in ziua urmatoare. Ex. la care se adauga forma ing a verbului de conjugat. Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente viitoare. iar cea de la „would not" este wouldn’t. Este un timp sestul de rar folosit.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Ex.. At three o’clock. Ex. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat.) Intrucât nu poate fi intâlnit decât in propozitii secundare (dupa un verb la timpul trecut in propozitia principala). They will not have gone. (Mâine pâna la ora trei voi fi ajuns la Predeal. Preia functiile lui Future Tense Continuous intr-o propozitie secundara. Acest timp este folosit in concordanta timpurilor pentru a arata o actiune posterioara unui moment sau unei actiuni din trecut.
actrus. When I take the exam. Pâna la ora 1. Next year. Uite ce am cumparat la o licitatie! E un obiect frumos. I (finish) reading the newspapers by lunch time.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 8.actrus.. 7. they (be married) for 25 years. I (read) all the books on the bibliography list. 4. I (work) at the office till late at night. vor fi economisit 5 milioane. 11. 9. (Voi citi/am de gând sa citesc aceasta carte. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind unul din tipurile de viitor: 1. I leave for London tomorrow. Let’s hurry to the beach. 3. Unde il vei pune? Ex. un aranjament prealabil pentru viitorul apropiat. You (need) the vacuum cleaner tomorrow or may I borrow it? I am sure when I arrive home. you (see) all the exhibits in the museum. ei vor avea ultima ora de engleza. ea va fi terminat curatenia in casa. Pâna la sfârsitul lunii. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Simple: 1. 5. 4. I am sure I (succeed). 10. I (swim) in the sea. You (be) in London tomorrow. http://quintet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. 12. I (know) the results in three days’ time. This time next day. Ex. 10. I (work) on this paper for a month. He (study) all day tomorrow. Page 18 of 18 l Present Simple + adverb de timp viitor. 6. 3. 9. He (be) pleased if you invite him. the baby (cry). 10. (Il intâlnesc/il voi intâlni pe John in dimineata aceasta. 1. The sun (rise) in 10 minutes. Don’t ring her up at 8 o’clock p. This time next month. I am sure you (like) this book. Page 17 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. I (pay off) all my debts. Arata de asemenea o intentie sau o probabilitate. Trenul va fi plecat inainte de a ajunge noi la gara.html 10 of 42 12/15/04 . 5.. By the beginning of next week. voi fi vazut acest film de 5 ori. You (remember) to post my letter? I hope I (pass) the exam.) l Expresia „to be going to" + infinitiv. 4. we (climb) the mountain. the sun (rise) before we reach the beach. El va studia in biblioteca luni de la ora 1 la 5. By 5 o’clock.) l Present Continuous + adverb de timp viitor. 2. Vineri. 3. 2. 6. By the end of the month. Intr-un astfel de context. By the end of the season. 8.. Tomorrow morning at 8 o’clock. 3. I am going to read this book. mâine. By the time you come home. I am meeting John this morning.. 5. 3. it probably (rain). 6. 4. 7. 2. She (watch) TV. 9. Am cumparat o masina de scris si voi invata sa bat. 7. You (not find) a solution if you don’t know the whole truth. 6. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Continuous: 1. 8. 7. Ce faci mâine dimineata la ora 11? Voi vizita târgul international. If we don’t hurry. (Plec/voi pleca la Londra mâine. I (cook) for two hours. we (take) our exam. Pâna anul viitor pe vremea aceasta. bine stabilit. Don’t expect me home for dinner.m. You (recognize) him when you see him? I (remember) this day all my life. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. 9. 4. intre orele 12 si 1. 5. When you reach Sinaia. In a week’s time. 10. Ex. 8. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" 1. I (have) breakfast.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. one hundred thousand people (spend) their holidays at the seaside. Arata o intentie.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. 2. arata un program precis.) It is going to rain. Din cauza grevei soferilor de autobuze multa lume va merge pe jos la slujba.
) b. (El a spus ca este bolnav. ci in fraze.actrus. Ex.) Nota 2: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundare cu I will read this book when I have time. Future-in-the-Past se poate folosi numai o singura data. She said she had forgotten where she had put her glasses. Când propozitia secundara este comparativa. Ex. (Ea a spus ca uitase unde si-a pus ochelarii. când propozitia secundara exprima un adevar general valabil. Past Perfect Simple.html 11 of 42 . nu in propozitii. de exemplu.) 1.) I will have finished studying when you come home.) b) Past Tense – actiune anterioara – Past Perfect He said he had returned home a week before. The book I am reading now was given to me by my brother. Anul trecut am muncit mai mult decât anul acesta. care nu pot include un verb la viitor. The teacher told the pupils water boils at 100 oC.) Nota 1: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundara cu actiunea anterioara celei din principala.) He said he would buy a car if he had money. a) Past Tense – actiune simultana – Past Tense He said he was ill. Ce inseamna „un timp adecvat" se va vedea in continuare. Ex.) He said he would come to see me after he had finished work. când propozitia secundara este atributiva.) She promised her mother she would help her. Se poate intâlni.) Exceptii de la concordanta timpurilor 1. 3. (Voi citi aceasta carte când voi avea timp. un timp „future" Teoretic se poate folosi orice timp cerut de sens. (El a spus ca merge la scola. Past Perfect Continuous Propozitia secundara Orice alt timp „past" Ex. un timp „past" Past Tense Simple. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada dupa ce va termina lucrul. Future – actiune anterioara – Present Perfect I will go to England after I have received a visa. (Voi fi terminat de studiat când vei veni tu acasa. (Am ajuns acasa dupa ce incetase ploaia. Ex.) I arrived home after it had stopped raining. Present Tense Continuous.) He said he was going to school. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada când va avea timp. un timp „present" Present Tense Simple. se poate folosi Past Perfect in mod repetat.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Page 2 of 5 LECTIA II CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Concordanta timpurilor se aplica. Profesorul le-a spus elevilor ca apa fierbe la 100 oC. se poate observa uneori o oarecare tendinta de a nu se respecta concordanta timpurilor atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut. desigur. Nota: In limba engleza contemporana. Last year I worked more than I have done this year. Future – actiune simultana – Present 2.) c) Past Tense – actiunea posterioara – Future-in-the-Past He said he would leave the next day.actrus. He said he would come to see me when he had time. Propozitia principala 1. o formulare 12/15/04 http://quintet. Ea consta in aceea ca folosirea unui anumit timp in propozitia principala obliga la folosirea unui timp adecvat in propozitia secundara. dintre care una este temporala sau conditionala. Situatiile cel mai des intâlnite sunt urmatoarele: a. Present Perfect Continuous Orice timp cerut de sens Propozitia secundara Propozitia principala actiune posterioara celei din principala. cu exceptia propozitii temporale sau conditionale.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. dupa care (in temporala sau conditionala) se intrebuinteaza Past Tense (pentru simultaneitate) sau Past Perfect (pentru anterioritate). Cartea pe care o citesc acum mi-a fost data de fratele meu. Past Tense Continuous. Present Perfect Simple. (El a spus ca se intorsese acasa cu o saptamâna inainte. (Voi merge in Anglia dupa ce voi obtine viza.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. Ex. 2. (El a spus ca va pleca a doua zi. (Ea i-a promis mamei sale ca o va ajuta. (El a spus ca va cumpara o masina daca va avea bani.
After I (hear) the news. 2. After you (drink) a coffee. We shall start dinner as soon as the guests (arrive). 18. When you asked me where I (spend) my holidays. It is said that one Englishman will not speak to another before they (be) introduced. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. you will feel better. When he finally reached London. he will drive to Sinaia. the Romanians travelled less than they (do) this year. 4. 8. 4. 8. As wages had gone up. 9. I (not decide) yet. 7. I will do it when I (want) to. 7. 1. He was sure he (pass) the exam and he promised he (give) a party afterwards. not before. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. You won’t be able to speak about this book till you (read) it. she saw the sun (shine) brightly. 20. He was in a hurry because he (want) to catch the train. When I (finish) the book. When I heard the main actor was ill. 7. Last night I (read) the book which you (read) now. 10. You will be surprised when you (see) how much she (change). 1. 4. 2. 3. tinând seama de exceptiile de la concordanta timpurilor: 1. I will buy a car when I (have) enough money.actrus. 16. 13. The train will have left before we (reach) the station. They said they (remain) at the seaside for another week. they said they (listen to) music since 5 o’clock. sfatuim pe vorbitorii români de limba engleza sa respecte regulile de concordanta a timpurilor asa cum sunt prezentate mai sus.html 12 of 42 . 7. too. 7. he was tired because he (travel) for three days. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Page 3 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 10. 2. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future-in-the-Past. Pentru moment insa.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 6. Este posibil ca ceea ce apare acum ca tendinta. I will come as soon as I (finish) my work. You didn’t tell me you (have to) type this report. You will be surprised when you (see) how well she (look). 6. 10. 17. we (dig) in the garden for an hour. After she (learn) to type. You will get a shock when you (see) the mess in that room. The book I (read) in the last few days was lent to me by John. We all believed he (win) the competition. I thought you soon (have) a holiday. 2. 6. având in vedere simultaneitatea actiunilor din propozitia principala si cea secundara: 1. 5. He didn’t admit that he (steal) the book. 10. 10. 6. She didn’t even say thank you after all I (do) for her. He asked me if I usually (read) that newspaper. this beach will become very crowded. I will lend it to you.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR de tipul: „He said he loves me". 19. He realized he (not remember) John’s phone number. she will take a job as a secretary. sa ajunga regula. 6. I was not sure I (remain) at home that evening. 11. they were listening to music. He hoped he (finish) reading the book in two days. Last year I earned more money than I (earn) in the next five years. They (know) each other for a long time before they finally got married. When it started to rain. I didn’t think that book to be a nice birthday present for you because I (read) it and I (not enjoy) it. In 1998. I was not sure if you (speak) English. He just (leave) home when he came across John. He believed the strike (end) very soon. I didn’t know at what temperature this metal (melt). 3. precum si exceptiile: 1. 5. 5. Page 4 of 5 1. It was clear they (talk) business again. 5. cu timpul. 4. I will pay my debts after I (receive) my salary. I wasn’t aware German (be) such a difficult language.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. 14. Yesterday I bought a new umbrella because I (lose) my old one. 5. Last night I met the couple who soon (move) next door to me. I shall have typed all the letters. 4. 7. I will go on playing the piano till he (tell) me to stop. respectând toate regulile de concordanta a timpurilor. având in vedere faptul ca propozitia secundara exprima o actiune posterioara celei din principala: 1. I will never forget what you just (tell ) me. I was sue the performance (be cancelled). 12. 12/15/04 http://quintet. 9. 2. I found out that yoga (be) a very useful practice. The teacher told the pupils what the capital of Mexico (be). 8. He promised he (drive) me home. He told me hibernating animal (not eat) in winter. we supposed prices (go up). They didn’t know that I (play) football. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Present Simple sau Present Perfect Simple: 1. Your mother will be upset when she (notice) you (break) the vase. 9. 6. 2. 15. 9. 9. 6.actrus. After he (repair) the car. Last year you spoke English less fluently than you (do) now. When we (go) to see them last night. 4. they will have been married for five years. 3. I believed you (be) at the seaside. 3. 1. 5. 3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous). When I arrived. tinând seama de relatia de anterioritate exprimata de verbul din propozitia principala sau din cea secundara: 1. 8. Looking out of the window. By the time you (finish) translating the text. 8. 3. I understood you (be) a painter. 5. When their first baby (be born). 8. I hoped it (not rain) when I (arrive) at the beach. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Tense Simple sau Continuous). He will write to me after he (arrive) in England. He told me he never (see) the sea. the concert already (begin). As soon as the holidays (begin). She told me his name after he (leave). I congratulated him.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2.
Nu am stat acasa sa te astept pentru ca nu stiam când vei veni.actrus.. he decided he (change) his job..html 13 of 42 12/15/04 . 15. 18. I-am promis ca ii voi scrie când voi ajunge la Londra. 19. ai merge. Page 1 of 5 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri 9. A week ago. my friends told me there (be) many small houses and narrow streets in Padua. 6. When I finally arrived home. Stiam ca esti in Bucuresti. 7. 13. I (be) very hungry because I (not eat) anything all day. He was very upset because I (be) late. 12. ar merge etc. He said he (have to) write down my address as he (not remember) it otherwise.actrus. 12. Afirmativ I should/would have gone You would have gone He/she/it would have gone We should/would have gone You would have gone They would have gone Negativ I should/would not have gone You would not have gone http://quintet. we (drink) coffee and brandy. Iti voi spune adevarul dupa ce il voi afla eu insami.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. I did not know that you (wear) glasses since childhood. I was surprised that his son (fail) the exam. LECTIA III MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE Present Conditional (conditional prezent) Se formeaza cu should si would la persoana I si would la persoanele II si III. You will never know how much I (suffer). Era foarte suparat ca isi pierduse dictionarul si nu era sigur ca va gasi unul nou in librarii. 8. Interogativ Should I go? Should we go? Would you go? Would you go? Would he/she/it go? Would they go? Se traduce cu conditionalul prezent din limba româna (as merge.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. After having visited Italy. he (trust) his son and he (not expect) such a thing to happen. Masina pe cae o voi cumpara va fi importata din Germania. 10. 7. Tata imi va da un cadou dupa ce voi lua examenul. Politistul ma va intreba ce am vazut in timpul accidentul. He discovered to his horror that he (eat) the worms in the cherries. 20. 3. I hoped the company where I (work) (not go) bankrupt. wouldn’t. Hotul nu si-a dat seama ca politia il urmarea de o saptamâna. 17. la care se adauga infinitivul prezent al verbului de conjugat. He was very tired and he (hope) he (have) time to rest that afternoon. 10. 11. Afirmativ I should/would go We should/would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would not go Negativ I should/would not go We should/would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forme prescurtate: shouldn’t. 9. Past Conditional (conditional trecut) Se traduce cu should/would la care se adauga infinitivul trecut (have + forma III a verbului de conjugat). 5. M-a intrebat câte litere sunt in alfabetul chinez si nu am putut sa-I raspund. 4. 16. 14.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Page 5 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. 11. After we have finished dinner. 2. Nu mi-am amintit ca ne cunoscusem cu un an inainte. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul este ocupat.).
Page 2 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. unde se intâlneste forma „were" la toate persoanele.) I would have stayed at home if it had rained. you (not pass) the exam.. I (lend) you the book if you promise to return it in time. Frazele conditionale (If-Clauses) Exista trei tipuri de fraze conditionale: Tipul 1 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Future Present I will go to the seaside if the weather is fine. 10. should se traduce cu: in caz ca. I (greet) him. 5. 4.) Nota 4: Atunci când if este urmat de un verb auxiliar (ex. 8. (As fi stat acasa daca ar fi plouat.) Nota 1: Trebuie sa se tina seama ca subjonctivul folosit in propozitia secundara are forma lui Past Tense Simple la toate verbele. you (not find) me at home. ar fi mers etc. (As sta acasa daca ar ploua. ai fi mers.). 9. If I (move) to the country-side. (Voi sta acasa daca va ploua. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. (As fi mers la mare daca vremea ar fi fost buna. Unless you come at 6.. If it (go on) raining. If the police should find out the truth.) I will stay at home if it rains. De asemenea. dar improbabila. 1. supposing. she (be) very angry.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. If she finds out what has happened. In caz ca telefoneaza. You (buy) this house if you had money? http://quintet. I won’t go shopping if you don’t come with me. 2. If I (know) his phone-number. daca sar intâmpla ca. we shall have floods. you (promise) to keep it a secret? Unless you study more. In acest caz. had.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. si in acest caz se inverseaza ordinea subiect – auxiliar. would you visit me? 3. atunci când actiunea din secundara este posibila. you (be) late. 6.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. If you (take) a dog.. you will have to look after it.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 1: 1. spune-I ca nu sunt acasa. Ex. 7.html 14 of 42 12/15/04 .actrus.) I would stay at home if it rained. If I like the dress. 3. If I tell you something. I (buy) it.. (Voi merge la mare daca vremea va fi buna. Page 3 of 5 He/she/it would not have gone We should/would not have gone You would not have gone They would not have gone Interogativ Should I have gone? Should we have gone? Would you have gone? Would you have gone? Would he/she/it have gone? Would they have gone? Se traduce cu conditionalul trecut din limba româna (as fi mers. were. cu exceptia verbului „to be". tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 2: 1. Ex. este posibila omiterea lui if. Tipul 3 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Past Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Perfect I would have gone to the seaside if the weather had been fine. should). Acest tip de secundara este adesea combinat cu imperativul.actrus. Ex. – if he were here – were he here – if it had rained – had it rained – if he should come – should he come Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 1. noi am fi amendati. in case. What shall we do. providing. in loc de Present Simple. (In caz ca politia ar afla adevarul/ Daca s-ar intâmpla ca politia sa afle adevarul. tell her I am out.) Nota 2: – if poate fi inlocuit de provided (that). 2. If you don’t hurry. should poate fi folosit in secundara la tipul 2 de fraza conditionala. we would be fined. supposing he is late? (Ce vom face presupunând ca el intârzie?) ¡ if not poate fi inlocuit cu unless I won’t go shopping unless you come with me. Nota 3: should + infinitiv poate fi folosit la tipul 1. I would ring him up. (As merge la mare daca vremea ar fi buna.) Tipul 2 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Present Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense I would go to the seaside if the weather were fine. suppose. If I see him. If she should ring up.
4. 8. I wouldn’t have come unless you (invite) me. I would be nervous. Dacaar fi plouat. you (not get) into trouble. I would speak to him. You (be) sick if you eat so much. strazile ar fi ude. 8. 3. 12. Il vei vedea daca il vei astepta.. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Ai prinde trenul daca ai lua un taxi.. voi mânca la un restaurant. If you (drive) more carefully. 7. 9. 5. I (answer) the phone. If I (not tell) him. If I (be) you. he would have gone home. you wouldn’t have an accident. 2. Daca n-ai fi inchis fereastra. 4.html 15 of 42 12/15/04 . 5. he (take) a pill. If I (know) you had no driving licence. 4. If you had known English. Te vei supara daca iti voi lua creionul? Te-ai supara daca ti-as lua creionul? Te-ai fi suparat daca ti-as fi luat creionul? Ce vei face daca il vei intâlni pe John? Ce-ai face daca l-ai intâlni pe John? Ce-ai fi facut daca l-ai fi intâlnit pe John? http://quintet. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. I (answer) it. I wouldn’t have come with you in your car. 6. 10. 9. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. If you had taken my advice.actrus. Voi fi dezamagit daca nu voi afla adevarul. 7. Mi-ar placea mai mult piesa daca ar fi mai scurta. he (get) a bar of chocolate. 11. 10. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 7. 10. 9. Mamaia ar fi un loc ideal pentru o vacanta daca n-ar fi atât de multi oameni acolo. If I (see) him. he (not make) so many mistakes. 9. I would have succeeded. 10. If I won the lottery. 1. he would never have known. Should he have a headache. strazile ar fi fost ude. 5. What would you do if you (be) Prime Minister? If I (give up) smoking. As mai croseta un pulover daca as mai avea lâna. 6. Page 5 of 5 4. 3. He (tell) you if you had asked him. It (be) better if you had waited. If he (realize) it was so late. 4. tinând seama ca se poate intâlni oricare dintre cele 3 tipuri de fraze conditionale: 1. He would have been arrested if he (try) to leave the country. Ai fi prins trenul daca ai fi luat un taxi. If the child is good. I (answer) your question if I can. 2. 10.actrus. 8. Daca ar ploua. 6. I would go home immediately. Had I learned English grammar. Had I been at home. strazile vor fi ude. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 3: 1. Daca un cersetor ti-ar cere bani. 2. 6. 9. Were I in your place. If I (work) harder. If he had written a letter to me. 6. Daca cina nu va fi gata la timp.. I (buy) a car. 8.. Vei prinde trenul daca vei lua un taxi. mi-ar fi fost frig.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. 7. 2. I (not do) this. I (not make) so many mistakes in my translation. 5.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. 1. Daca va ploua. 8. If he were more careful. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. I-ai da? Ce s-ar fi intâmplat daca ai fi condus cu viteza mare? Nu vom merge la plimbare daca nu va sta ploaia. 5. you (read) Shakespeare in the original. 7. 1. He will be at the airport in time if he (leave) now. Where you (go) if you had a holiday? 1. 3. Page 4 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA.
He said „I will do the exercise". 2. He said if itrained he would stay at home. Frazele conditionale sunt trecute la vorbirea indirecta in modul urmator: ¡ LECTIA IV VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA Vorbirea directa: John said: „She is not at home" Vorbirea indirecta: John said she was not at home. I would have stayed at home.html 16 of 42 12/15/04 . Afirmatii: cu that (care se poate omite) Ex. à He said he was going to do that translation the next day. ¡ ¡ ¡ He said „I have been working hard.. ¡ tipurile 2 si 3 nu se schimba: "If it rained. Ex.. I would stay at home. Atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.actrus. Page 1 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. in functie de sens. Page 2 of 5 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri the day before yesterday two days before tomorrow the next day/the following day the day after tomorrow in two days’ time next week the next/the following week two years ago two years before now then this that these those here there Ex. today that day yesterday the day before/the previous day http://quintet. He said: „She gave me a book". Se schimba pronumele." 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. 1. ceea ce se intâmpla in majoritatea cazurilor. 1.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. could. in propozitia secundara se schimba timpurile dupa cum urmeaza: Present past Present perfect past perfect Past past perfect Future future-in-the-past tipul 1 devine tipul 2: "If it rains. – He said „I am ill". Se schimba o serie de cuvinte in functie de sens. He said she had given him a book. He said: „I might be late" He said he might be late. should. Verbele modale would. He said he was ill. He said „I was ill". Ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. might ramân neschimbate la vorbirea indirecta..actrus. Modalitati de introducere a propozitiilor secundare in vorbirea indirecta 1. He said if it rained he would stay at home.. He said he would do the exercise. He said: „I am going to do this traslation tomorrow"." Ex. I will stay at home. Pentru a trece o propozitie de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta." He said if it had rained he would have stayed at home. He said: „I’ll be at home today". ought to. He said he had been ill. He said he had been working hard. à He said he would be at home on that day. trebuie respectate o serie de reguli. "If it had rained. 3.
I think it’s going to rain tomorrow. If I have enough money. He said: „I am ill". Ex. 3. I am very busy today. 5. I would have answered the phone. 12. 6. Ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. 3. 2. I went to England two years ago.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Ex. 4. 3. 6. 4. à He told me to go out. please? Can you come to tea this afternoon? Has the train left? Do you know what this word means? Was your mother at home? Did you buy this book yesterday? Did you drink coffee every day? Were you at the library yesterday? Do you live in London for a long time? Can you speak English? Would you like a cake? Could you lend me a book. 1. He said (that) he would leave for London the next day. Will you help me.actrus. Last year I spent my holiday at the seaside. ceea ce este o greseala. If I had been at home. Incorect: He asked me what was the time. I will go shopping right now. 8. 3. 9.. 1. Intrucât aceasta propozitie incepe cu un cuvânt interogativ. trebuie acordata atentie ordinei cuvintelor din propozitia secundara. 7. I am going to have a nap this afternoon. Don’t drive so fast! Open the door. 5. on holiday. 10. Intrebarile speciale se introduc cu cuvântul interogativ respectiv. 1. 11. 2. 3. iar raspunsul poate fi da sau nu. 10. Page 3 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. 10. Ex. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari generale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: „Will you be at home tomorrow?" He asked me if I would be at home the next day.actrus. 7. Page 4 of 5 trecut) Model: He said: „Come in!" He told (asked. He asked me where I had been. 9. 2. John left for Sinaia two days ago. 6. I don’t remember where I have bought this dictionary. 7. He asked me: „What is the time?" Corect: He asked me what the time was. 8. 11. Treceti urmatoarele afirmatii de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said „I will leave for London tomorrow". 9. please! Write me a letter when you get to England! Don’t cross the street on a red light! Be careful with my books! Don’t smoke so much! Take this pill! Don’t interrupt me when I am speaking! Ring me up when you arrive home! 3. In cazul intrebarilor speciale trecute la vorbirea indirecta. 2. I will buy a car next year.html 17 of 42 12/15/04 . 4. I saw this film a week ago. please? 4. 8. How long have you been learning English? What are you going to do tomorrow? How long does it take you to reach your office? When will you be back? Ex. Intrebarile generale se introduc cu if sau whether (daca). The weather was fine yesterday. 12. He asked me if I liked music. He said „Go out". 2.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. exista tentatia de a folosi ordinea cuvintelor din propozitiile interogative. Intrebarile generale sunt cele care incep cu un verb. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari speciale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said: „When did you come back?" He asked me when I had come back. Treceti urmatoarele comenzi la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la http://quintet. 2. 4. 1... ordered) me to come in. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si vorbirea indirecta 1. Comenzi: cu infinitivul (afirmativ sau negativ) Ex. Where have you been? I’ve been away.. He said „Don’t go out" à He told me not to go out. à He said (that) he was ill. Intrebari Exista doua tipuri de intrebari: generale si speciale. 5. please! Read the text.
Ex. Ambele complemente pot deveni subiecte in cazul trecerii la pasiv. in unele cazuri. They will finish the work today. Ex. exista trei tipuri de complemente care pot deveni subiect in transformarea de la activ la pasiv: complementul direct. 6. my flat is being painted. I have been asked. In limba engleza.. poate deveni subiect in cazul folosirii diatezei pasive: In this office punctuality is insisted on (by them). 8. I was asked. Unde complementul direct este a book. trecerea de la diateza activa la diateza pasiva se face prin transformarea complementului direct in subiect. my flat was being painted. subiectul va fi trecut la cazul nominativ. 4. Un alt exemplu de complement prepozitional care poate deveni subiect.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. I will invite my friend to a party. (by me) Complement indirect à Subiect He was given a book. A specialist will repair my TV set. I had been asked. punctuality este un complement prepozitional. I will be asked. Complement direct à Subiect A book was given to him. 9. de asemenea. I am asked. 5. Activ: I gave him a book. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. 12/15/04 http://quintet. de la sfârsitul propozitiei. In aceste situatii.html 18 of 42 . Ex.. (by me) In propozitia: In this office they insist on punctuality. Nota: Se poate folosit aspectul continuu al diatezei pasive numai la Present Tense si Past Tense. care. Where will you spend your weekend? Who is this man? Why is it so dark in this room? When did the rain stop? Which of these cakes do you prefer? How did you travel? Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 3 LECTIA V Pasivul se formeaza conjugând verbul to be la timpul cerut de sens. iar complementul indirect este him. Ex. While I was in hospital. Activ: Directorul m-a chemat pe mine. complementul indirect si. In this office punctuality is insisted on.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE.actrus. la care se adauga forma III (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat. se omite formularea by. Pasiv: The child was looked after (by her). He has found your bag. 10. 3. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 1.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Activ: She looked after the child. complementul prepozitional. Desigur.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. Pasiv: Eu am fost chemat de director. 2. Page 5 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 5. In limba româna. Ex. In multe cazuri. While I am in hospital. pasivul se foloseste atunci când nu este important cine face actiunea. Someone has found the missing child.actrus. 7.
Aceasta informatie treuie tratata confidential. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii de la diateza pasiva la diateza activa. 3. 7. Has someone repaired the TV set? Will you write the letter in ink? Haven’t they told you to be here at 6 o’clock? Did the tornado frighten you? Will someone tell him the details? Have you fed the dog? Did the sight of the accident shock him? Did they tell you about the meeting? Do you think they will turn down your request? Would you have finished your work sooner if your colleagues hadn’t interrupted you? 5. People play football all over the world. In acest hotel se vorbesc limbi straine. 3. Cursul profesorului a fost ascultat de toti studentii. 10.html 19 of 42 12/15/04 . 4. Evenimentul a fost comentat de toate ziarele. 6. http://quintet. 9. 2. 6. This book will soon be forgotten. We called for the doctor. 7.actrus. Când a ajuns acasa si-a dat seama ca I se furase portofelul. 6. They didn’t look after the children properly. Page 3 of 3 His coworkers must do something for him.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Acest timbru nu a fost bine lipit pe plic. 12.actrus. 9. He hasn’t slept in his bed. Sensurile cuvintelor noi trebuie cautate in dictionar. Se construiesc multe blocuri noi in cartierul nostru. 5. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele propozitii care cuprind combinatii verb+prepozitie: 1. 3. 8. 5. 2. 10. My friend doesn’t always tell me the truth. Ni s-au spus lucruri foarte interesante la conferinta. We objected to his proposal. He hates being made fun of. 8. 5. We couldn’t account for his odd behaviour. 4. when I passed by. 15.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. Gasiti subiecte acolo unde este necesar: 1. Don’t speak until someone speaks to you. The guide showed the museum to the tourists. 4. This painting is admired by all the visitors of the museum. 8. 2. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. 7. 7. We laughed at John. 5. English is spoken all over the world. 9. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 7. 13. These books mustn’t be taken away. 4. They have given me a nice present. They will give me a reward. They set fire to the shed. They are building a new house round the corner. I have lent John two of my books. The policeman will show us the way. 11. 4. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva in doua feluri. 2. 6. I teach them English. 9. 9. Nu s-a auzit nimic despre el de când a plecat la Constanta. 3. The climber was finally discovered by the rescue party. 2. 5. transformând atât complementul direct cât si cel indirect in subiecte: 1. 14. 8. They were building a new supermarket in that district last month. 8. This house has been built out of stone and cement.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 6. 9. 3. 10. Ni s-a cerut sa aratam pasapoartele. The pupils will be told where to sit. Page 2 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. The doctor prescribed some pills to the patient. 10. I was recommended a very good doctor. The teacher asked me a difficult question. A reception was held in his honour. 6. 8. Scrisoarea va fi pusa la posta cât mai curând posibil. The noise frightened me. The jury awarded the Romanian film director the Great Prize. America a fost descoperita la sfârsitul secolului al XV-lea. Ni se vor da instructiuni detaliate in privinta referatului. 7. 4. Burglars broke into the house. 10. 6. Muzeul a fost inchis pentru reparatii. 2.
N-am putut sa vin la tine ieri. Voi putea/mi se va permite sa fumez in camera aceea. Pentru celelalte timpuri se foloseste inlocuitorul to be able to. nu e posibil sa. shall. Ex. Ex. In vorbirea familiara. Soarele nu a apus inca. l Nu au toate timpurile.) l 3. Se folosesc inlocuitori. Can 1. Can you make this translation? Could=Past Tense. He can speak English. Ex. Telefoneaza-I lui John. I couldn’t come to you yesterday. to be permitted to. He could have been here in time. I will tbe able to drive a car after I have taken a few lessons. Am putut/mi s-a permis sa fumez in camera aceea. Ex. S-ar putea sa fie acasa acum. timpurile se folosesc ca la punctul 1 (could pentru Past Tense si conditionalul prezent. 2. Nu se poate sa fie ora 9. Ex. It may/might rain.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I cannot (can’t) make this translation. May 1. are sensul de a putea. Ex. He is abroad. I can do this. would. Ex. Can = infinitiv. will.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. May I smoke in this room? Pot/am permisiunea sa fumez in aceasta camera? Yes. Ar fi putut sa fie aici in timp. you may. I was allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. (Stiu sa inot.) Spre deosebire de: I want to do this. Page 2 of 10 LECTIA VI VERBELE MODALE Can. (Pot sa fac aceasta. Ex. ought to. Ex. could. Can’t/couldn’t – nu se poate sa. Nu se poate sa-l fi vazut pe John pe strada. He said I might smoke in that room. He cannot (can’t) speak English. Could you help me? Ai putea sa ma ajuti? Pentru conditionalul trecut se foloseste could + infinitivul trecut Ex. (Da. N-am putut sa-ti telefonez saptamâna aceasta. Nu primesc s la persoana III singular.) I can speak English. may. a fi in stare Ex. He may/might be at home now. Take your umbrella. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut cu acest sens. prezent. need. inlocuitorul to be able to pentru celelalte timpuri. Arata o anumita abilitate fizica sau intelectuala. El e in strainatate. It can’t/couldn’t be 9 o’clock. Pentru celelalte timpuri se folosesc inlocuitorii: to be allowed to.html 20 of 42 12/15/04 . Interogativ: Can I? Can you? etc. dar se foloseste numai dupa un alt verb la trecut (vorbire indirecta). Voi sti sa conduc masina dupa ce voi lua câteva lectii. http://quintet. Ring up John. prezent Negativ: cannot.) Cu acest sens. l Nu formeaza negativul si interogativul cu „to do". can’t Ex. May/Might – s-ar putea sa Ex. pot/am permisiunea sa iau masina ta? 4. mayn’t Interogativ: May I? May you? May = infinitiv.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. prezent Cu acest sens exista timpul might care reda ideea de trecut. You can’t/couldn’t have seen John in the street. must. Ia-ti umbrela. should. 2.) Negativ: may not. can poate fi folosit cu sensul lui may de „a avea permisiunea". can I take your car? Tata. might. s-ar putea sa ploua.). Ex. I can swim. se foloseste infinitivul trecut. I will be able to come to you tomorrow.actrus. poti. Ex. a avea permisiunea Ex. I can make this traslation. (Stiu sa vorbesc engleza. Se traduce cu a sti sa. Father. The sun hasn’t set yet. are sensul de a putea. I haven’t been able to ring you up this week.actrus. Can is a model verb. I will be allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. (Vreau sa fac aceasta. Ex. conditional prezent al verbului can Negativ: could not (couldn’t) Interogativ: Could I ? Could you? etc. Caracteristici generale l Nu primesc to inaintea lor si dupa ele: Ex.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Voi putea veni la tine mâine.
Trebuie mentionat faptul ca inlocuitorul lui must. Ai fi putut sa imi scrii o scrisoare când erai in Anglia.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Ex. The teacher told us it was too easy for us. I must go home. Need Exista doua verbe: l Ex. de asemenea. Ai putea sa ma ajuti când sunt la nevoie. se foloseste needn’t + infinitivul trecut. poate indica. cu sensul de a fi nevoie http://quintet. Pentru redarea ideii de trecut. se foloseste didn’t need + infinitivul Ex. Nu ar fi trebuit sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. Probabil ca John e acasa acum. Ought to Ambele verbe indica o actiune corecta. Let’s go home. It must have been late. Eu dormeam când ai venit tu aseara. I didn’t have to finish the translation yesterday. se adauga infinitivul trecut. dar a fost facuta. Must not se traduce cu „nu trebuie". N-ai vazut ca urma sa ploua? l Daca actiunea nu era necesara si nu a fost facuta. l Need: verb modal. Ex. shall indica viitorul. 1. se adauga infinitivul trecut. Ex. You may/might help me when I am in need. Ex. avem destul timp. prezent Nu are alte timpuri. De asemenea. Se foloseste inlocuitorul to have to. nu e nevoie. to have to formeaza interogativul si negativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului to do. It’s got late. I was asleep when you arrived home last night. He doesn’t need this book. Ex. Nu trebuie sa conduci atât de repede. Couldn’t you see it was going to rain? Nu era nevoie sa uzi florile. Need not se traduce cu „nu e nevoie". It must be late. o obligatie morala. Shall Folosit cu persoana I. interogativ. De ce nu ti-ai luat haina? S-ar fi putut sa racesti. mustn’t Interogativ: Must I? Must you? Must = infinitiv. 2. I will have to finish the translation tomorrow. notional. You might have written me a letter when you were in England. Must Page 3 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Ca verb modal. cu sensul de a avea nevoie Ex. o oferta sau o sugestie. Hai sa-l vizitam. Negativ: must not. Ex.actrus. Ex. Nu a fost nevoie sa facem acest exercitiu. Ex. you needn’t. Which dress shall I buy? Ce rochie sa cumpar? Shall I wait for you? Sa te astept? To need: verb obisnuit. solicitarea unui sfat. Why didn’t you take your coat? You may/might have caught a cold. Ar trebui sa o ajuti pe mama ta la treburile casei. Nu. May/might pot exprima un repros. we have enough time.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. exista 2 posibilitati: l Page 4 of 10 Daca actiunea nu era necesara. ar fi bine sa. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut. I had to finish the traslation yesterday. ideea de trecut se reda prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. John must be at home now. Profesorul ne-a spus ca e prea usor pentru noi. trebuie!) Pentru exprimarea ideii de trecut a verbului need. Pentru a raspunde afirmativ la intrebarea de mai sus. Se traduc cu: ar trebui sa. need se foloseste numai la interogativ si negativ.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. El nu are nevoie de aceasta carte. se foloseste verbul must. Trebuie sa plec acasa. Ex. Probabil ca era târziu. S-a facut târziu.actrus. Nota: Nu trebuie confundat need not cu must not. Need I be here at one o’clock? Yes. Nu e nevoie sa conduci atât de repede. Ex. Probabil ca e târziu. ar fi cazul sa. there is a speed limit here. poate avea sensul probabil ca: Ex. Should. you must! (Da. ideea de trecut este redata prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. We didn’t need to do this exercise. Va trebui sa termin traducerea mâine. Need I be here at one o’clock? E nevoie sa fiu aici la ora 1? No. You should/ought to help your mother with housework. Hai sa mergem acasa. You mustn’t drive so fast. Folosit cu persoana I. 3. Ex. You needn’t drive so fast. Let’s call on him. o recomandare.html 21 of 42 12/15/04 . You needn’t have watered the flowers. You should not/ought not to have been so rude to him. Ex.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Cu acest sens. A trebuit sa termin traducerea ieri. A trebui Ex. Cu acest sens. aici e limita de viteza.
Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple si Future Tense Simple. She will be her sister. o obligatie sau o amenintare care provin de la cel care vorbeste. there is plenty in the fridge. O fi ajuns la Paris pâna acum.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Mother to child: You shall have a bicycle if you pass the exam.actrus. 17. Aceasta fata seamana foarte bine cu Jane. I must go soon. 11. She can lend you that book. 12. 18. 10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. He must be delayed at the office. 11. He may be at home. You may leave earlier. Se poate folosi cu infinitivul trecut: He will have reached Paris by now. 5. He should go to school everyday.html 22 of 42 . I must learn English. 16. Când eram copil. Ex. John could be a winner. folosind inlocuitorii verbelor modale respective. 10. You may not speak to your mother like that.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Mama mea obisnuieste sa stea ore intregi privind la televizor. 8. 4. When I was a child. 20. 17.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Page 5 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE ca modal. Mother to child: You shall not get any pocket-money if you don’t pass the exam. Used to eate un verb semi-modal. 1. It might rain. Can Jane type very quickly? Can you speak Chinese? Everybody may borrow books from this library. ideea de actiune repetata in trecut se poate exprima cu „used to". shall poate arata o promisiune. 12. Must you be so rude? She can read and write at the age of five. It can’t be easy to learn Chinese. mama obisnuia sa-mi citeasca povesti. Would l Formula de politete. ¡ in trecut When I was a child. This radio won’t work. Page 6 of 10 Shall we meet at one o’clock? Sa ne intâlnim la ora 1? Folosit cu persoanele II si III. care are numai forma de trecut. Exercitii cu verbe modale 1. Can you help me? You mustn’t do this . l Actiune repetata: . Will. 19. 3. 12/15/04 l Presupunere: se traduce in limba româna cu o fi. in timp ce la interogativ si negativ se poate conjuga atât ca un verb obisnuit cât si http://quintet. Nota: In afara de „would". 15. You might change your mind about that. 5. 15. 16. 14. 2. acolo unde este necesar: 1. O fi sora ei. Acest copil nu vrea sa faca ce-I spun. Un alt verb semi-modal este dare (a indrazni) care se conjuga la afirmativ ca un verb obisnuit. 13. 14. You can’t be pleased with this piece of news. You might pay more attention to your work. May I walk on the grass? He may not come in wearing dirty boots. You should visit your sick friend in hospital. You may not smoke in this room. He must be in the garden at this time of the day. 9. 3. It can’t be too late. cerere politicoasa: Will you/would you sit down? Will you/would you help me with my translation. Mama spune copilului: Vei avea o bicicleta daca vei lua examenul. He can swim very well. 6. I must look up the words in the dictionary. my mother would read me fairy tales. 7. It must be difficult to climb this mountain. Redati ideea de trecut in urmatoarele propozitii folosind infinitivul trecut in loc de infinitivul prezent: 1. 2. You shouldn’t go to bed so late. I cannot translate ten pages a day. 7. He needn’t buy milk. 20. 8. my mother used to read me fairy tales. She can play the piano very well. 18. You might write to me more often.actrus. 6. He ought to tell me the truth. 9. Mama spune copilului: Nu vei mai primi nici un ban de buzunar daca nu vei lua examenul.in perioada prezenta My mother will sit for hours watching TV. This girl looks very much like Jane. This child may have another cake. 19. 13. Ex. please? l A voi (cu sens extins la obiecte): This child will/would not do what I say. You needn’t do this. 4. John must be ill. You can’t see a bear in this part of the country.
they are addictive. You…water the flowers. 5. 5. 2. 3. for once? 6. I …read one book a day. Completati spatiile goale cu can sau can’t: Page 7 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE trecut: Model: I don’t believe you are right. The sky is clear. 2. You probably left your umbrella in the shop. You can’t have been right. …you be so kind and pass me the salt. I don’t believe that he has passed the exam. Don’t wait. You must have forgotten to lock the door. 5. 9. 5. 6. 9. 5. 8. I don’t believe she has married that awful man. 2.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 1. 10. Perhaps she was out when you rang her up.actrus. He …reach the Moon and walk there. 1. I don’t believe you were right. 9. One …buy a ticket for a slow train in advance. Perhaps it snowed in the mountains It may/might have snowed in the mountains. 10. holidays will be very different. 10. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind must + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: He probably speaks English well. I don’t think he is at the office so late at night. I think she was angry with you. It is possible that he was right but I don’t think so.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 1. It probably took a long time to finish this translation. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind can’t + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul http://quintet. 8. He must speak English well. A good knowledge of English is likely to help you a lot in your career. He … even drive on its surface. 2. 8. I don’t think the weather will change. 7. Perhaps he has done the exercise correctly. I don’t think you will miss the train if you hurry. … you help me solve this problem? When I was young. It may/might snow in the mountains. You …not expect everybody to obey you. When we … fly there as easily as we fly to other countries of the world. Completati spatiile goale cu shall sau will: 1. One … travel by bus without paying the fare. 5. 7. Man …travel through space now. The visitors … feed the animals in the Zoo. 9. She is probably a very good doctor. 7. But one still …breathe without extra oxygen and one certainly …stay there very long. When I was a teenager. perhaps it will rain. You … take an umbrella. You …not go to bed so late at night. Completati spatiile goale cu should sau would: 1. Page 8 of 10 1. perhaps it is a good one. 2.actrus. He probably came home very early. You …not eat so many sweets if you don’t want to get fat. My child …play with the cat for hours on end. Completati spatiile goale cu mustn’t sau needn’t : 1. I don’t believe it is his fault. 6. I’ll give you as much as you want. 6. 2. I don’t think this is a true story. He was probably late. 3. 7. please? He always made mistakes because he …never take any advice. 8. 1. You probably knew the lesson very well to get a 10. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind may + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: Perhaps it snows in the mountains. 1. 4. 9. 4. 10. It is possible that I come home early. 10. but I doubt it. You … take sleeping pills too often.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. I have bought his latest book. I don’t believe she has learnt English in two months. 8. 3. I don’t believe she has got so fat. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 6. People … speak during the concert. I … return the books before the 1 st of September. 4.html 23 of 42 12/15/04 . I …wear my hair long. Perhaps she has returned the book to you and you have lent it to someone else. You can’t be right. 3. 1. You probably forgot to lock the door. 5. 2. I don’t believe it was his fault. …you tell me the truth. 4. it will soon start raining. He probably thinks I am wrong. You …make a noise or the baby will wake up. It is possible for her to be very late. 4. 3. This is probably the best Romanian film of the year. I …hurry up in order not to miss the train. 1. Take your umbrella. 7. You have probably forgotten his address. He is probably older than he looks. 9. 6. 4. He …read for hours on end. You … worry about money.
9. Ar fi trebuit sa insisti. 9. 14. Toti studentii pot si trebuie sa scrie aceasta lucrare. 12. the road is dry. o incuiasem chiar eu. please? This letter is full of mistakes. you…get a nice present. 15.Completati spatiile goale cu didn’t need to sau needn’t have + forma III a verbului: I …(answer) the questions. Va trebui sa plec curând. I …(leave) it on the bus. 24. you …re-type it. 6.actrus. Page 10 of 10 10. 9. 3. You…(lend) him your text – book. 11. Stiam sa cânt la pian când eram copil. I promise you not …be disturbed. Probabil ca eram inca la facultate. 4. I locked the door and took the key with me. 2. Ai putea sa-mi telefonezi mai des când stii ca sunt bolnav. Va trebui sa ma ajuti mai mult astazi. 18. 2. 19. he is a very poor swimmer. 10. Page 9 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 7. http://quintet. We …(wait) too long. he will never read them all. I …(get up) so early today. 8. Traduceti in limba engleza. Nu era nevoie sa-mi faci cafea. 3. 26. This …be John’s house. 7. Ar trebui ca toti copiii sa faca treburi in casa. Trebuie sa-mi schimb pantofii când intru in casa pentru ca sunt plini de noroi.actrus." 1. which was very convenient. You …(buy) so much bread. folosind verbe modale sau inlocuitori ai acestora: 1. 30. Sunt sigur ca voi putea gasi timp sa te ajut. 17. I …(see) him for that. Incercati sa gasiti un sens urmatorului dialog: "Do you think he will?" "I think he might. 23. am baut deja doua astazi. 7. Nu se poate sa fi fost acasa aseara. 5. dar el nu a vrut sa vina la telefon. 5. 10. It’ll get stale.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. sa astepti câteva minute? Nu aveti voie sa vorbiti in timpul examenului. Unde mergem acum? Mâine va trebui sa pun scrisoarea la posta. It …(take) you a long time to knit this dress. 7. va rog. 2. I am sorry you wasted your time.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. He has one of his own. You …(lend) him so many books. I wrote him a letter. 11. Toata lumea sa fie prezenta la sedinta." "Yes. I …(buy) a new map of London as I already had one. 4. You …(wait) for me.html 24 of 42 12/15/04 . 6. 10. 16. De ce ai vorbit atât de tare? Iti promit ca vei avea cartea mâine. 6. The child … (leave) home. I …(answer) the questions. Ti-am telefonat si nu a raspuns nimeni. 8. You …(see) Anna yesterday. 21. 25. She …write an article for this magazine every week. he was back soon. The student …(write) such a long composition. This door … not unlock. Ar fi trebuit sa citesc bibliografia pentru acest seminar. … you correct my exercise. 8. 27.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 28. Go to sleep. Nu se poate ca profesorul sa fi fost multumit de acest raspuns. 8. You …do this whether you like it or not. 1. 29. Am cerut sa vorbesc cu directorul. Profesorul mi-a spus ca pot sa lipsesc de la ora urmatoare. 4. can’t sau needn’t + infinitivul trecut: 1. He …(be) at home. 3." "His family consider he should. 22. he is a nice boy. Nu a fost nevoie sa-I telefonez lui Jane ca sa vorbesc cu ea pentru ca urma sa vina la mine peste o jumatate de ora. Vreti. 13. 12. I didn’t hear the phone. because the teacher won’t have time to read it all. It …(rain) here. She is away. 4. but he himself believes he needn’t. 9. The light was on in his room. which would have saved me a lot of work.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 3. 20. te-ar putea ajuta un hamal. Nu se poate sa fi gasit usa deschisa. He …(swim) across the Danube. 10. putem lua autobuzul sau telefericul. I haven’t got my bag with me. Completati spatiile goale cu must. E nevoie sa urcam la cabana pe jos? Nu. John …(do) such a thing. Nu stiu sa crosetez. 5. Nu a fost nevoie sa spun „multumesc" când am aflat ora exacta formând 958 intrucât stiam ca informatia e inregistrata pe banda. Nu e nevoie sa-ti cari singura bagajul in gara. 6. but I forgot it was Sunday. If you win the contest. I …(be) in the garden. 5.
de Past Tense si de Past Perfect. o dorinta sau un blestem. 1. Este imposibil ca el sa faca aceasta. El apare cu forme de infinitiv. it is necessary that.) Ex. Mi-as dori sa ma fi nascut in Anglia. a. Poate fi folosit ca o modalitate de a da ordine.actrus. may. would + infinitiv. to recommend. l Daca dorinta se refera la un moment viitor. Dupa constructii de tipul: it is impossible that. Ex. Page 2 of 8 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri The doctor insisted that I keep indoors. in situatii in care. bine ar fi sa) l Daca dorinta se refera la momentul prezent. I wish it would stop raining. E timpul sa mearga copilul la culcare. You speak English as if you were an Englishman. Subjonctiv cu forma de infinitiv a. If only I lived to be a hundred! Bine ar fi sa traiesc pâna la o suta de ani! c) As if/though (ca si cum. apare ca were la toate persoanele. d.. I wish I had been born in England.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. se foloseste would. e) Dupa verbe ca: to propose. ar fi inlocuit cu prezentul. l Daca dorinta se refera la un moment anterior. Ex. to urge.html 25 of 42 . I wish (mi-as dori. Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: LECTIA VII MODUL SUBJONCTIV Apare dupa urmatoarele expresii: In engleza contemporana. Cineva sa-mi aduca un pahar cu apa. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Perfect. (Era de mult timpul. Fie ce-o fi. it is desirable that. Este de dorit ca noi sa terminam intâi traducerea. d)It is time. subjonctivul nu are formele lui proprii.. Long live the king! Traiasca regele.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.. You speak English as if you had lived in England. it is likely that. Ex. Poate fi intâlnit in poezia clasica. Somebody bring me a glass of water. Apare in propozitii exclamative. It is impossible that he do this. It is desirable that we finish the translation first. Page 1 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. o urare. ca echivalent de subjonctiv. Ex. exprimând o lozinca. Come what may. might. b) If only – are aproximativ acelasi sens cu I wish Ex. Doctorul a insistat ca eu sa stau acasa. in engleza contemporana. Nota: Verbul to be la subjonctivul du forma de Past Tense. to insist. E necesar ca tu sa fii prezent. (E timpul.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7.actrus. Everybody leave the hall.) It is high time. De asemenea. I recommended that his proposal be accepted. Mi-as dori sa inceteze ploaia. Toata lumea sa paraseasca sala. a. It is high time you began to study seriously. to suggest. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. Era de mult timpul sa incepi sa studiezi serios. God forgive you! Fie ca Domnul sa te ierte! Curse this fog! Blestemata fie aceasta ceata! b.. It is time the child went to bed. exista echivalenti de subjonctiv care constau in verbele should. Ex. Vorbesti engleza de parca ai fi englez. de parca) even if/even though (chiar daca) Ex.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Vorbesti engleza ca si cum ai fi trait in Anglia. to demand. It is necessary that you be present. 1. Ex. Shakespeare: „If this be error"… If this is error Byron: „Though the hart be still as loving" …the heart is c. I wish I were in England now. to order Ex. Am recomandat ca propunerea lui sa fie acceptata. Ex. I would sooner/rather (as prefera sa…) 12/15/04 http://quintet. Mi-as dori sa fiu in Anglia acum.
I was afraid that he might fail the exam. No matter who you may/might be. iar in aceste cazuri.. It is impossible that he should do this. Intrebari introduse prin how. you have no right to do this. How should I know where he is now? http://quintet. however. Echivalenti de subjonctiv a. in order that De asemenea. to recommend. iar daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul trecut. wherever. Nota: Dupa cum se poate observa. where. I would sooner you stayed at home tonight. fie ca se foloseste should ca echivalent de subjonctiv. Grabeste-te ca nu cumva sa pierzi trenul. in secundara se foloseste may. Invata serios ca sa treci examenul. a.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. to demand. fie in vorbirea indirecta. The doctor insisted that I should stay indoors. l Dupa so that.actrus. Era posibil ca el sa fi ajuns aici la timp. to insist. It is possible that he may be here in time. It is necessary that you should be present. iti voi telefona. Mi-e teama ca nu cumva sa piarda examenul. Page 3 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. in aceasta situatie should este urmat de infinitivul trecut. should – ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (1-d) se poate folosi dupa constructii de tipul: It is impossible that. Ex. I would sooner I stayed at home tonight. Hurry up lest you miss the train. Mi-era teama sa nu cada la examen. Page 4 of 8 Ex..html 12/15/04 http://quintet. It was possible that he might be here in time. Ex. l Ex. you have no right to do this.. In exemplul de mai sus. in secundara se foloseste might. should poate aparea dupa verbe ca: to propose.ci este necesara introducerea lui should. l Ex. I recommend that his proposal should be accepted. Ex. l Dupa whoever. persoana care isi exprima preferinta este diferita de cea care face actiunea. Este imposibil ca el sa fi facut aceasta. As prefera sa stai acasa in seara asta. l Dupa to hope. Hurry up lest you should miss the train. Oriunde as fi. 1. Oricine ai fi. Ex. I will ring you up. nu ai dreptul sa faci asta. It is impossible that he should have done this. It is desirable that we should finish the translation first. In cazul in care persoana care isi exprima preferinta este aceeasi cu cea care face actiunea.html 26 of 42 12/15/04 . Este vorba de cazul când propozitia secundara exprima o actiune anterioara celei din principala. Dupa cum se observa. might Ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. whatever sau dupa formulele echivalente no matter who. may. why. l Dupa it is possible. l De unde sa stiu unde este el acum? I don’t see why you should be so rude to him. Este posibil ca el sa ajunga aici la timp. Dupa conjunctia lest (ca nu cumva sa) Ex. whichever. I studied hard so that/in order that I might pass the exam. to be afraid Ex. May success attend you! Fie ca succesul sa fie cu tine! May you live long and be happy! Fie sa traiesti mult si sa fii fericit. Ex. Exista o situatie in care nu se poate folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. Sper ca el sa treaca examenul. Whoever you may/might be. I am afraid lest he should fail the exam. whenever. Acest tip de constructii se traduc la fel (vezi 1-d). verbele respective aduc in propozitie si sensul lor initial. Am invatat serios ca sa trec examenul. it is necessary that. Ex. no matter when.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. Nota: In engleza contemporana exista tendinta de a se omite should dupa lest si de a se folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. Nu vad de ce sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. Wherever I may/might be.actrus. etc. to urge. to suggest. may poate aparea in lozinci si urari: Ex. Exisa situatii când se pot folosi si alte verbe modale decât cele expuse in acest capitol ca echivalenti de subjonctiv. Study hard so that/in order that you may pass the exam. Dupa cum reiese din exemplele de mai sus. se poate folosi fie subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. it was possible Ex. fie cel cu forma de infinitiv. I hope that he may pass the exam.. daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul prezent. la fel ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (vezi 1-e). fie ca se foloseste in limba engleza subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. fie in vorbirea direca. echivalentii de subjonctiv sunt la origine verbe modale.when. I would sooner stay at home tonight.
9. 10. 5. I regret I can’t go to the concert. I am sorry I can’t play the piano. It’s time we (go) home. 8. am putea merge la plaja! Ti-ai dori sa fi fost invitata la petrecerea lui John? Ce pacat ca nu mai sunt tânar! As prefera sa te scoli mai devreme. 15. I am sorry you were delayed at the office. If only my telephone (work)! I wish I (not catch) a cold on the trip yesterday. 4. 7. 19. I regretted the weather was bad when I was on holiday. 3. 8. I’d rather I (stay) at home and (watch) TV. I am sorry it rains so often. As prefera sa mergi la teatru. He would rather his daughter (not get married) so young. 4. I am sorry I didn’t win the Great Prize. 6. I am sorry you live so far away. 1. 14. 2. I am sorry I had no money to buy that painting. 18.. I am sorry he won’t accept my proposal. 5. Page 5 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. 8. 13. 2. I regret I won’t be able to read Goethe in the original. Puneti verbele din paranteze la forma corecta de subjonctiv: 1. 7. If only I (not forget) his phone number! He wishes his book (become) a best-seller! If only I (become) a millionaire. 1. 5. 1. I am sorry he will not take my advice. I regretted you couldn’t come to me yesterday. 5. I am sorry I will get fat when giving up smoking. Mi-as dori sa incetezi cu zgomotul acela chiar in acest moment. 2. 10. 3.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 10. 8. 10. As prefera sa merg la teatru. He wishes he (have) a good English teacher in the next academic year. 6. 9. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. Bine ar fi sa fii mai ordonata! Ce pacat ca ploua! Daca n-ar ploua. Page 6 of 8 Ex. 9. 3. 5. I wish he would take my advice. 2. 5. It is high time you (start) studying for your exam. It’s time I (get) a promotion! 1. 7. 12/15/04 1. I would marry you even if you (be) a pauper. Bine ar fi sa nu fi facut atâtea greseli la lucrarea de control. 12. 1.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. 11. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 1. I am sorry you had an accident. I regret I have no children. Don’t treat me as if I (be) a child. 9. I am sorry my friend is ill.html 27 of 42 . Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. I was sorry you had got a fine. I wish the weather were fine. I am sorry you won’t take a driving licence. I am sorry books are so expensive. 6.actrus. 9. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + would + infinitiv scurt: Model: http://quintet. I wish I hadn’t lost my umbrella. I regret I won’t spend my holiday in England. 4. 4. 7. I am sorry I don’t live in Bucharest. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: 1. 16. Mi-as dori sa pot/sa am permisiunea de a imprumuta masina ta. 10. 3. I am sorry I was late for the party.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. If only I (be) in Italy now! I wish I (enter) the faculty last year. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. I regret I won’t have a phone in my new flat. Mi-as dori sa incetezi sa te mai vaicaresti pentru ca am si eu necazurile mele. I regret he will stay in hospital so long. I regret you didn’t win the competition.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. 8.. It’s high time he (take) a job and (stop) living on his parents. You behave as if you (own) the place. I regret I am not a student. 20. Mi-as dori sa pot vorbi engleza/sa fiu in stare sa vorbesc engleza. I was sorry you were out when I called. 4. I regret I have only one child. 2. 6. 7. I would rather you (not waste) your time! I am cold. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Perfect (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry I lost my umbrella. 17. I am sorry they will not sign the contract. 3. I am sorry he will be away for such a long time. As prefera sa ma scol mai devreme. I regret you won’t come on holiday with me.. I wish I might borrow your car. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Tense (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry/I regret the weather isn’t fine. 6. 11.. I would rather he (tell) me the truth. I wish I could speak English. I would rather you (close) that window.
Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de sobjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent sau trecut: 1. I wish my car (not break down) last week. 11. 2. 3. El a sugerat ca noi sa cumparam aceasta casa. Stiu ca tu ti-ai dori sa-ti petreci vacanta intr-o tabara. Este necesar sa fii informat despre ce se intâmpla in tara. 4. E ora 10! Nu crezi ca era demult timpul sa te scoli si sa te apuci de lucru? 15. 5. Este posibil ca ea sa fie plecata din oras. 20. Vorbesti ca si cum ai fi suparata pe mine. I closed the window so that it (not get) too cold. I suggested that we (take) a taxi. 7. you should remember your own phone number. 6. Oricând te vei intoarce. 15. 17. 19. Vorbeste mai tare ca sa te aud (asfel incât sa te pot auzi). She speaks about her son as if he (be) a genius. It is desirable that they (divorce) immediately. 18.actrus. nu ar trebui sa ma minti.html 28 of 42 .ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. Era demult timpul sa incepi sa citesti cartile cerute pentru examenul de literatura româna. The doctor recommended that the patient (have) an operation. Jane si-ar dori sa-mi petrec sfârsitul de saptamâna cu ea. Ea arata de parca ar fi manechin. Am facut un imprumut ca sa (astfel incât sa) pot sa-mi cumpar casa. 13. 16.. The road is wet. 3.actrus. 7. nu te pot crede. 2. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent: 1.. Inlocuiti infinitivele din paranteze cu unul dintre tipurile de subjonctiv sau cu un echivalent de subjonctiv: 1. Este enervant ca tu sa fi uitat sa-mi aduci cartea inapoi. 4. 12. eu voi fi acasa si te voi astepta. Oricare ar fi motivul. Directorul a cerut ca toata lumea sa fie prezenta la ora 8. No matter how/however absent – minded you (be). Profesorul sugereaza ca noi sa citim aceasta carte. 2. 6. 10. Era ciudat ca el sa nu fi citit aceasta carte. 18. 14. 10. nu poti câstiga un astfel de concurs. I wish I (find) another. Directorul a propus ca eu sa lucrez in alt sector. Oricine ti-ar fi spus asta despre mine. 8. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv may sau might + infinitivul prezent: 1. 16. I’d rather you (retire) as soon as possible. Prietenul meu a insistat sa merg cu el la concert. Da-te la o parte ca sa vad (astfel incât sa pot vedea) ecranul. 12/15/04 http://quintet. If only I (have) a brother or a sister! 7. Orice mi-ai spune. drive carefully lest you (have) an accident. It is strange that she (leave) the lights on when she left the town. 13. Am sugerat sa-l alegem presedinte. I closed the window lest (get) too cold. I have to work hard so that my company (prosper). 4. 6. 7. I’ve told you everything so that you (understand) my position. 17. 4. Ea se poarta cu el de parca ar fi sotul ei. All success (attend) you! I wish I (be) there when it happened. Mama a hotarât ca noi sa stam acasa. nu ar fi trebuit sa crezi. 6. 8. Insist ca tu sa accepti aceasta slujba. Este foarte important ca acest contract sa fie semnat foarte curând. 5. Este probabil ca fiul meu sa fi luat examenul. 10. Este important ca tu sa stii engleza bine. 5. I propose that we (leave) by the 9 o’clock train. 8. 6. El a intrat in casa fara zgomot. 7. 8. 8. I have such a boring job. E timpul sa-mi inapoiezi banii pe care ti I-am imprumutat..CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. 9.. Page 7 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. 9. 9. 3. la tara. Oricât te-ai stradui. 19. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. Vrei sa spui ca este probabil sa ne petrecem concediul in Bucuresti? Este necesar sa fiu prezent la aceasta sedinta? 1. Page 8 of 8 12. 2. El mi-a vorbit ca si cum nu se intâmplase nimic intre noi. Este imposibil ca el sa se fi intors atât de devreme. It is impossible that my sister (tell) this to you yesterday. 14. dar eu prefer sa mergi la bunicul. astfel incât sa nu-l aud eu. 5.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. He throws money away as if he (be) a rich man. Este imposibil ca el sa se intoarca atât de devreme.
ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. Ex. Infinitivul poate avea aspect.) He ordered the door to be locked.) c.) They declared him to be the man of the year. Aceste verbe sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). diateza si timpuri. to feel. a. to cause. to hear.. He admitted the news to be false.) e. Ex. Ex. (El a recunoscut ca stirile erau false. to watch.actrus.actrus. He considered the news to be false. (Vreau ca tu sa pleci acum. to understand. to expect. (Consider ca el este un bun student.) I let him go out and play. (L-am lasat sa iasa afara sa joace fotbal.) b. forma -ing (gerunziul si participiul prezent) si participiul trecut. to admit. I consider him to be a good student. Nominativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un subiect in nominativ + un verb la diateza pasiva sau activa + un verb la infinitiv.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . Ex.) Exista câteva tipuri de verbe care accepta acest tip de constructii: http://quintet. (As vrea ca el sa vina cu mine. I rely on you to do this. to hate. to order. verbe declarative: to state.) d. Ex. (Ei l-au declarat a fi omul anului.. to hear. I made him study English. in cazul verbelor neregulate. o permisiune sau o cauzalitate: to make.. (Vreau ca John sa faca aceasta. Page 2 of 6 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA VIII MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE In limba engleza. folosit cu verbe la diateza pasiva: to see. to make.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. He was made to study English. I consider him to be a good student. I want you to go now. modurile nepersonale sunt urmatoarele: infinitivul. to suppose. to believe. to count upon/on .. Ex. el reprezinta forma a III-a: ¡ ¡ to call – called – called to go – went – gone Constructii cu infinitivul 1. (Ma bazez pe tine sa faci aceasta. to suppose. (M-am asteptat ca el sa vina la timp. verbe exprimând un ordin. to consider. Page 1 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . to believe. to consider. to say. He is said to be a good writer. verbe exprimând perceptia senzoriala: to see. to allow. (Se spune ca el este un bun scriitor. to dislike. Ex. to declare. (El a ordonat sa se incuie usa. Acuzativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un verb urmat de un pronume sau substantiv in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. Diateza pasiva ¡ ¡ nedefinit: being called perfect: having been called Participiul trecut se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ed la verbele regulate.) I want John to do this. to wish.) I expected him to come in time. Verbele to make si to let sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). Diateza activa ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ infinitiv prezent simplu: to call infinitiv prezent continuu: to be calling infinitiv perfect simplu: to have called infinitiv perfect continuu: to have been calling Diateza pasiva ¡ ¡ infinitiv prezent simplu: to be called infinitiv perfect: to have been called Forma -ing. Adverbe exprimând dorinta sau vointa: to want. to know. to like. (L-am facut sa invete engleza. Participiul prezent si gerunziul pot avea timpuri si diateza. Diateza activa ¡ ¡ nedefinit: calling perfect: having called a.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. I saw him leave the room. verbe exprimând perceptia mentala: to think. to know. Atât participiul prezent cât si gerunziul se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ing la infinitivul verbelor (to call – calling). He is considered to be a good student.) f.html 29 of 42 12/15/04 . (L-am vazut ca paraseste camera/parasind camera.) Sunt situatii in care Nominativul cu Infinitivut exprima o formulare pasiva a Acuzativului cu Infinitiv: Ex. Ex. cu anumite verbe urmate de prepozitii obligatorii: to rely upon/on. I made him study English.) 1. to expect. I’d like him to come with me.
to appear ¡ la diateza activa: Ex. Page 3 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . Astfel: I saw her leave s-ar putea traduce Am vazut-o ca pleaca sau Am vazut-o plecând. to seem. She is sure to come in time.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8.) Weather permitting.) In cazul verbelor de perceptie. 1. Nominativul absolut Este o constructie participiala care are un subiect al ei propriu. Constructii cu participiul prezent 1. He proved to be a good journalist. vom merge la plaja. (Daca vremea va permite. ii voi spune unde esti. (Voi merge sa ma coafez. They declared him to be the man of the year. Nominativ cu Participiu Este pasivul constructiei Acuzativ cu Participiu: Ex: He was seen leaving. a.. we shall go to the beach. to smell. precum si cu verbele to find. (Trebuie sa-mi dau pantofii la reparat. in timp ce acuzativul cu participiu arata actiunea in desfasurare. (Daca se va intâmpla sa-l intâlnesc.) I heard her singing. It is impossible that I (should) come. to watch.) She was heard singing. She had two sons killed in the war.) Aceasta constructie arata ca actiunea este facuta de catre altcineva spre avantajul sau la ordinul persoanei reprezentate de subiect. It is necessary that I (should) go there.) I happened to meet him in the street. Ex: The classes being over. cu verbele: to happen. I had my bedroom window broken. (Ea a fost auzita cântând. 2.actrus. Diferenta de sens intre cele doua constructii este urmatoarea: folosirea acuzativului cu infinitiv pune accentul pe actiunea propriu-zisa. (Aceasta ramâne sa o decida el. M-am asteptat sa vii mai devreme. b.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . aceasta constructie este asemanatoare cu Acuzativul cu Infinitiv.. Ex.) Nota: Din nou avem in limba engleza o expresie personala care se traduce in româneste cu o expresie impersonala. Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1.) I will have my hair done.) If I happen to meet him. For – phrase Consta din propozitia for + un substantiv sau pronume in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. Page 4 of 6 The news was considered to be false. I will tell him where you are. Ex.) It is necessary for me to go there. 12/15/04 http://quintet. (Este imposibil ca el sa vina. (Este necesar ca eu sa merg acolo. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind constructia Acuzativ cu Infinitiv sau Acuzativ cu Participiu: 1. Cineva mi-a spart geamul din dormitor.) It is impossible for him to come. tradusa cu o expresie personala in limba engleza.html 30 of 42 .ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8.) 3. (Am lasat-o / gasit-o plângând.) Nota: Trebuie remarcat faptul ca expresia impersonala din limba româna se intâmpla sa este.. to turn out. Ex: I must have/get mz shoes repaired. to leave. to prove. I-au fost ucisi doi fii in razboi. de obicei. (Am auzit-o cântând.) Constructie cu participiul trecut Este formata din verbul to have sau to get + un complement + participiul trecut. (Orele fiind terminate. (E sigur ca ea va veni la timp.) Nota: Ultimele doua propozitii se se pot reda in limba engleza si cu ajutorul subjonctivului. Ex.) This remains for him to decide. It is easy for me to do this. (El a fost vazut plecând. Acuzativ cu participiu Se foloseste cu verbe exprimând perceptie senzorial: to see.actrus.. (El s-a dovedit a fi un bun jurnalist. cu expresiile: to be sure / likely / unlikely / certain Ex. Daca vrem sa traducem expresia personala: „Ea e sigura ca va veni la timp" o redam in modul urmator: „She is sure the she will come in time". am mers acasa. Este de asemenea sa apara situatii in care actiunea exprimata de participiul trecut este facuta de altcineva in detrimentul persoanei exprimate de subiect.) I left / found her crying. to hear. (S-a intâmplat sa-l intâlnesc pe strada. He was declared to be the man of the year. (E usor sa fac asta.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. In timp ce I saw her leaving se poate traduce numai Am vazut-o plecând. I saw him leaving (L-am vazut plecând. we went home. Ex.
People believed he was a brilliant surgeon. 8. 3. The rain having stopped. 8. L-am vazut vorbind cu prietena lui.. 9. 8. I cam make it. I thought she was unable to win the contest. She heard the baby crying. 9. 2. 7. 13. 6. 2. I saw her lying on the beach. 4.. This problem is too difficult. 6. 2. 6. 10. Everybody. I found the boy breaking the window. I can’t solve it. It seemed that she was satisfied with me. This is the main thing. 11. 10. The match was about to begin. 3. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind constructia „for-phrase": Model: This translation is easy. This is a strange thing. 14. Weather permitting. 6. we hurried to the beach. The letter being written. Expected that he would resign.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. It’s time we met again. 5. It is advisable that you should resign. 10. I saw the plane landing. I could hear her typing. 6. Page 6 of 6 2. 12. I found her digging in the garden. 5. I went home relaxed. It is necessary that you should study the matter seriously. This translation is easy for me to make. It was proved that she was a liar. It is possible that I might buy a car. Ma bazez pe tine sa-mi imprumuti niste bani. Folositi drept subiect pronumele subliniate: Model: Her parents thought she was a gifted child. It is necessary that he be present. 7. 3.html 31 of 42 12/15/04 . Inteleg ca ea e o profesoara foarte buna. This is a valuable piece of advice. The sun having risen. I have closed the window. 7. Am vazut câtiva copii jucându-se in parc. I didn’t want her to miss the train.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. 8. You should read it. The people were impatient. 7. We should do it now. You should take it. 7. I-am privit jucând fotbal. It is sure they have had an argument. 4. l. Page 5 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI .actrus. The concert being over. I heard the child breaking the vase. This fact is important. we shall climb to the top of the mountain. Cred ca el e un sot bun. I stopped smoking. 10.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . The decision being taken in my favour. 1. 5. Traduceti in limba româna urmatoarele propozitii cu constructia Nominativul absolut: 1. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia Nominativ cu Infinitiv. She was thought to be a gifted child. This is a good book. 4. 9. http://quintet. I went shopping. John a recunoscut ca vina era a lui. Presupuneam ca el stie sa conduca masina. we were seared about having floods. I saw her fainting. 2. 9. 8. 4. It is important to know the truth. The time has come. She heard the hunters shooting. 9. They said she was ill. The mud having ruined my shoes. I ordered a taxi. Stiam ca el e un om foarte ocupat. 4. 6. I saw the peasants working in the field. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele constructii Acuzativ cu Participiu. Am auzit-o certându-si copilul. 5. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia „forphrase": Model: It is important that I should know the truth. 10. 4.actrus. They heard him repeat it several times. It is possible that the plane might be delayed. I had to change them. 9. 3. El m-a facut sa pierd trenul. The dog was heard barking. I went to post it. the audience left the hali. 5. 6. 5. The river having risen in the night. we sat down to dinner. It is impossible that he should have said that.. at once. 3. It is expected that he will arrive at 2 o’clock. 1. 2. We should have a heart to heart talk. 15. 10. The plane having taken off. 3. Everybody being at home. transformându-le in Nominativ cu Participiu: Model: I heard the dog barking. 2. It is important that you should come to the office.. 7. It is recommendable that you should read this book. 1.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 5. You should bear it in mind. 8. 3. 4. El voia ca eu sa-l ajut. It’s time you started learning foreign languages. I can’t believe she said that. Ea m-a facut sa inteleg ce se intâmplase. I don’t want you to catch a cold. It happened that she made three spelling mistakes in her letter. Mama ar vrea ca eu sa devin doctor.
http://quintet. Am I having? 3. Have you lived? I have lived. Yesterday. 5. The boys were playing cards when they heard their father entering the house.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 1t hasn’t rained. 8. Is it raining? 2. always borrow/is always borrowing. They hid the cards away and took out their school books. am. Do you usually get. go. He has been fishing. 20. A strong wind was blowing when I left the house. When did you return from the mountains? 11.. Do you dream? I dream 9. 5. 10. I often read English books. Is my friend wearing? 7. Did he think? 2. How often do you write to your parents? 18. He has always relied. 4. Have you ever eaten? 13. 14. He isn’t telling. He has just left. Do I love? 2. Is my mother resting? 8. 15. Last week I was ill and 1 didn’t go to school. The radio has been playing. Are they swimming? 6. I always made. 10. I slept. He doesn’t go to school by underground. Whom are you ringing up? 13. I had breakfast and then I left for school. are you waiting? I am waiting. We didn’t work. The child isn’t learning.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. Page 1 of 4 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. I owned. it often rains. 19. I met. I do not study in the evening. I was writing. 5. He met. I was talking. 1 first met. 6. Did he forbid? Exercitiul 3: 1. 6. Did he come? 8. someone rang up. have you been wearing? 6. I always have. What book are you reading? 10. Does she talk? 3. 2. 9. Are you typing? 5. 9. I played. 6.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. He hasn’t come. I don’t like coffee. it is raining. What are you doing? Are you reading or watching TV? 5. 8. That sounded. were you doing? 7. I have bought. I found this old photo. 11. she was having. Did he change? 5. 19. 16. I have been watering. 3..actrus. You drank. she has been trying. I am not having. he wasn’t wearing. 13. Do you play? 5. speaks. the engine – drivers have gone. he walks. is drinking. are you thinking? I am thinking. are you hurrying? I don’t want. Page 2 of 4 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri 1. What were you doing last Tuesday. He didn’t change. 9. What are you speaking about? Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. Exercitiul 4: 1. Did they drink? 3.html 32 of 42 12/15/04 . I didn’t enjoy. he had. 2. She is packing her luggage. drinks. remembers. Does he have? 9. 12. 19. I have just had. Do I understand? 4.actrus. 2. 10. Do I have? Exercitiul 2: l. Do I trust? 10. He doesn’t remember. 6. 17. have you cooked? 7. I was watching. 18. I haven’t written. 2. 5. Do you know? Exercitiul 4: l. 14. Did I enjoy? 9. The secretary is just typing a report. 9. I am not going. 14. don’t understand. 2. Last night. Do they live? 8. I have already seen. Have you visited? 12. He didn’t come. While it was raining. It snows in winter. Did I hate? 4. 4. Have you watered? 3. Ann isn’t knitting. Did you sleep well last night? 3. you came in. I haven’t been. At what time does John get up in the morning? 11. 4. 2. 9. 1 am cooking. 17. 7. 7. He didn’t think. This time yesterday it was raining. We have known. the teacher was writing. I arrived. 13. I have’ been shopping. Where did you spend your holiday last summer? 15. 2. 3. Do you go? 16. Do I always believe? 6. You aren’t typing. my friends played chess. You asked. he realized. Have you paid? 19. Two days ago I fell and I broke my leg. I don’t love. Did we work? 7. 14. He sat for his first exam last week. He doesn’t have. 5. he is having. he was working. Yesterday I got up early. 8. I have been cooking. Have you read? 18. 4.. I don’t always believe. 16. 11 . While I was looking for my passport. am taking. write. She goes shopping on Saturdays. I have lent. 10. I didn’t go to the swimming pool. at 7 o’clock in the morning? I was preparing to go to the faculty. Exercitiul 2: CHEIA EXERCITIILOR LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exercitii cu Present Simple si Continuous Exercitiul l: 1. Exercitiul 2: l. 8. I was driving to Sinaia. 4. When did you buy this TV set? 12. 9. On Sundays. Are we studying? 9. I don’t understand. 8. 1 don’t like. Last Sunday. 7. 7. Who won the match the day before yesterday? 20. 20. Did he translate? 10. Do you like? 8. Why are you opening the window? I5. 18. 3.. 10. It isn’t raining.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. You don’t play. 8. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: l. My friend isn’t wearing. he doesn’t get up early. Yesterday I lost my gloves. When I go to the seaside. He hasn’t gone. I don’t trust. We aren’t studying. were you going. Did I sell? 6. the sun didn’t set at 8 o’clock. 4. She doesn’t talk. Is he telling? 4. 5. 7. I like to swim a lot. 3. 4. 6. The customer is just choosing a pair of shoes. do you do? 3. Does he remember? 7. I5. He has been sleeping. I don’t have. What do you do on your free days? 12. Have you been? I have been. They aren’t swimming. 6. 20. Now I am doing my homework in English. 10. Are you writing. They don’t live. 17. Is the child learning? Exercitiul 3: l. I have been asking. He didn’t translate. Have you ever driven? 16. They didn’t drink. I got up late yesterday morning. I entered. He didn’t forbid. 1 liked. Is Ann knitting? 10. I didn’t sell. I didn’t hate. he has caught. Do you smoke? 17. he was-learning. You spoke. have you been. My mother isn’t resting.
6. they had been waiting. We shall/will have taken. He has been. 5. 5. 10. he had got married. 2. 7. he left an hour ago. 8. Exercitiut 2: 1.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. Will you recognize? 4. 3. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" Exercitiul 1: 1. 3. I entered. 6. 9. 10. I shall/will have read 8. she had been studying. I have been wearing.. it will probably be raining. By the end of the month I shall/will have seen this film 5 times. 18. I shall/will pass. we realized. You will like. Who has taught you to speak English so well? 2. 10. 7. they will have been married. Has John left? Yes. will/shall will be climbing. 5. 6. 7. she had not passed. They have been working on this house for a year and they haven’t finished it yet. I have often thought of taking a driving licence. 4. He will be. 4. between twelve and one o’clock. I spent a month here. 2. Because of the strike of the bus – drivers. 9. Page 4 of 4 Exercitiul 3: I. The secretary told me the manager had been speaking on the phone for half an hour. 12. 10. Exercitiul 4: 1. I was. had spread. We have walked 10 km so far. 4. Exercitiul 2: 1. 3. 4. I shall/will have been cooking. had been climbing. they had finished. 20. he had thought. she had been writing. they had been. The child has been playing. By this time next year. had not told. 7. they will be having their last English class. When I arrived at the bus stop. 8. I rang him up. 10. Who did you vote for at the last elections? I didn’t go to vote. 2. 8. How long have you been learning English? 5. It has been snowing for two hours. had left. Will you be needing? 5. Exercitiul 3: 1.. As soon as the guests had left. I shall/will be having. 10. she had been cleaning and dusting. I have seldom walked to my office. I went to bed. 8. we left. had been speaking. I found out. He has been a Minister for two years. he had been. 6. 7. She has changed. 9. wilt be rising. she told. It has been raining. 6. I shall/will have been working. 3. 4. I didn’t phone you because I thought you had gone abroad. 14. 7. 7. 6. I had it at 8 o’clock. will have risen.html 33 of 42 12/15/04 . 9. he had visited. I had met. 11.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. They told me they had been living in France since 1980. 8. 3. he handed it to the teacher. I shall/will know. 6. They travelled to many countries after they had got married. He will be studying. By 10 o’clock she will have finished cleaning the house. On Friday. He will be studying in the library on Monday from one to five o’clock. had listened.. he went. I shall/will have saved five million lei. The weather has got warmer lately. Have you already had breakfast? Yes. haven’t you seen? did you use? 2. Page 3 of 4 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. will have spent. I have been translating a text for two hours and I haven’t finished it yet. had eaten.. I got. Where have you spent your holiday this year? 3. I have been doing. I shall/will succeed. As soon as he had finished writing the paper. 15.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. it had been raining. 9. We have been walking since 3 o clock. congratulated. 5. I realized I had left my bag at home. A child has broken the window. 5. Wil1 you remember? 9. 10. You will be. he went. Exercitii cu Past Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. 4. Where will you put it? http://quintet. will be crying. 6. I shall/will be swimming. 2.actrus. 2. 8. he had learned/he had been learning. The train will have left before we arrive at the station. 6. 10. we had lost. Exercitiul 4: 1. we had been walking. 9. She will be watching. Look what I have bought at an auction! It’s a very beautiful object. Have you ever tried? I tried. He thanked me for what I had done for him. 7. I shall/will have paid off. I was sorry I had hurt him. 3. 10. 3. We must replace it. 3. 6. Exercitiul 3: 1. I have lost. 9. he told. 5. Have you seen? she left. 8. You will not/won’t find. 10. I called. I returned. 7. 5. 9. two years ago. I didn’t succeed. 7. 9. it had been raining. Have you seen today’s newspaper? 17. 19. He has written only two letters since he went abroad. She had just gone out. What did you look at? It was an accident. 13. he had caught. 8. had been cooking. Have you been. I shall/will remember. I shall/will be working. I stayed at home and I haven’t regretted it for a moment! 16. 4. 2. You will have seen. 5. she had already been. I had returned. He hadn’t done anything before he asked for my advice. had been swimming. many people will be going to work on foot tomorrow. began. had been having. 3.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 4. What will you be doing tomorrow morning at 11 o’clock? I shall/will be visiting the international fair. I shall/will have finished. Have you been to this town before? Yes. I saw. 2. Exercitiul 4: 1. I got up.actrus. I have bought a typewriter and I shall learn to type. 8. Since I bought a car. it had been raining. 4. 2. we asked.
there are. 6. they have done. Page 2 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA II Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Exercitiul 1: 1. The policeman will ask me what I have seen during the accident. I would remain. 17. they have been. she notices you have broken. 16. they were talking. 6. prices would go up. we had been digging. I knew you were in Bucharest. had failed. 8. 10. 5. you see. Exercitiul 5: 1. I had heard. I had read. 2.. I promised him I would write to him when I arrived in London. 3. 8. 2. Exercitiul 4: 1. 10. 19. 9.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU CONCORDANTA TIMPURI. you had been wearing. 7. I had done. 12. 13. they had been listening. you see. 7. he had eaten. I have been reading. 2. it would not be raining when I arrived. I didn’t remember that we had met a year before. 2. she has changed. I usually read. would not go. 17. is. arrive. is born. 15. You had to type. 11. 2. 5. he would pass. 18. 7. 4. 5. 3. is. 3. 8. 8. 5. I will earn/will be earning. she looks.. we will drink. 10. I had lost. 6. he had been travelling. would be cancelled. 9.actrus. he has repaired. 12. I work/I worked. Page 1 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU CONCORDANTA TIMPURI. he would drive. 20. 14. 15. he trusted. you have read. He was very upset because he had lost his http://quintet. I have. The secretary told me the manager was busy. 2. I have suffered. you were. 18. 13. 3. 5. 4. 6. I had not eaten. 8. I played/I was playing. she has learnt. 10. he would give. he had just left. you were. he had not expected. 7. I finish. I read. 3. 5. 3. 9. 4. you are reading. Exercitiul 6: 1. we reach. do not eat. 6. 5. Exercitiul 2: 1. melts. 10.html dictionary and he was not sure he would find a new one in the bookshops. he hoped. 7. had already begun. you would soon have. is. he had left.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_2. you finish. begin.. he has arrived. 16. 11.. 4. 3. 4. you have drunk. 14. 8. will soon move. I didn’t stay at home to wait for you because I didn’t know when you would come. 4. he had stolen. 7. 8. you spoke. 9. I will tell you the truth after I have found it myself. would end.actrus. he would win. 9. I had not decided. 4. was shining.html 34 of 42 12/15/04 . 12. 9. Father will give me a present after I have passed the exam. 2. he had never seen. 12/15/04 http://quintet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_2. The thief did not realize that the police had been following him for a week. they had known. he tells. we went. I finish. he would have. you see. 6. they would remain. he would finish. I was. I would spend. The car I will buy will be imported from Germany. 10. I was. you do. Exercitiul 3: 1. 11. he would change. 6. 20. he would not remember. I want. I have received. you have just told. 7. did not remember. I had not enjoyed. 9. He asked me how many letters there are in the Chinese alphabet and I couldn’t answer him. 10. Exercitiul 7: l. he wanted. 19. he had to write.
actrus. 3. He asked me if I drank coffee every day. He said the weather had been fine the day before. 11. 5.html 35 of 42 12/15/04 . You would catch the train if you took a taxi. would you give him some? 3. What would you have done if you had met John? Exercitiul 6: l. 7. 5. 10. He said he was very busy on that day. 9. 7. 8. 4. 6. 10. 12. 5. He asked me how I had travelled. 2. 9. He asked me when the rain had stopped. I moved. 6. I would like the play more if it were shorter. I would buy. 2. 10. You will see him if you wait. 6. I saw. It would have been. the streets will be wet. If dinner is not ready in time. he had realized. you take. If it rained. 10. 4. 3. Exercitiul 2: 1. He asked me where I would spend my weekend. He asked me who that man was. You will catch the train if you take a taxi. You would have caught the train if you had taken a taxi.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. she will be. He said he thought it was going to rain the next day. he had tried. 5. I will answer. I knew. Exercitiul 5: 1. 4. you wouldn’t have got. you would have read. 11. 7. I would have answered. He told me to ring him up when I arrived home. Exercitiul 2: 1. 7. 8. He told me not to interrupt him when he was speaking. 7.. 8. He said if he had enough money he would buy a car the next year. would you go? Exercitiul 3: l. 7. I will be disappointed if I don’t find out the truth. Exercitiul 1: LECTIA IV Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 1. I will buy. 2.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU FRAZE CONDITIONALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 1 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VORBIREA DIRE. 3. 4. 5. 6. Would you be angry if I took your pencil? 9. 4. 10. 6. 3. 6. 10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_4. 9.English. 2. 4. 5. 2. you will be. Page 1 of 1 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA III Exercitii cu fraze conditionale Exercitiul 1: l. 9. the streets would be wet. he leaves. 8. you will not pass. He asked me if I had bought that book the day before. 10 He asked me if I could speak English. He told me not to cross the street on a red light. 5. He said if he had been at home he would have answered the phone. He said John had left for Sinaia two days before. He asked me if I had lived in London for a long time. he will get. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_3. 6. If it rains. 2. I had known. I will lend. He told/asked/ordered me not to drive so fast. Will you be angry if I take your pencil? 8. We won’t go for a walk if the rain doesn’t stop/unless the rain stops. Would you buy? 4. If you hadn’t shut the window I would have been cold. 4. 5. He asked me if I knew what that word meant/means. I will greet 2. 9. 8. 3. He told me to read that text. What would you do if you meet John? 12. He said he had seen that film a week before. the streets would have been wet. 10. He said he was going to have a nap that afternoon. 9. If it had rained. you will not find.. I had worked. 12. 3. He told me to open the door. you had invited. 3. I had not told. He asked me how long it took me to reach my office. 2. 7. 7. He asked me if I would help him. you were. He told me to take that pill. He asked me what I was going to do the next day. I would not have made. 8. What will you do if you meet John? 11. I gave up. it goes on. 6. you had driven. 10. He told me to write him a letter when I got to England. He asked me if I would like a cake. he would take. He asked me which of those cakes I preferred. He asked me if my mother had been at home. will you promise? 6. 9. He asked me why it was so dark in that room. 2. he would have told. 5. He said he had spent his holiday at the seaside the year before. Exercitiul 3: 1. 9. 3. He asked me how long I had been learning . I would have answered. he would not make. I were. He told me not to smoke so much. 6. 7. Exercitiul 4: 1. http://quintet. He asked me if I could come to tea that afternoon.actrus. He asked me if the train had left. 8. He said she would go shopping right then. I will eat at a restaurant. He asked me if I could lend him a book. I wouldn’t do. 2. I would knit another sweater if I had more wool. 7. He told me to be careful with his books. Exercitiul 4: l. 4. 8. He asked me when I would be back. If a beggar asked you for money. you will be. He asked me if 1 had been at the library the day before. Would you have been angry if I had taken your pencil? 10. 8. He said he had gone to England two years before. He said he didn’t remember where he had bought that dictionary. 5. 9. What would have happened if you had driven at a high speed? 4. Mamaia would be an ideal place for a holiday if there weren’t so many people there.
Don’t speak until you are spoken to (by someone). I was asked a difficult question by the teacher. The meanings of the new words must be looked up in the dictionary. 6.actrus. The way will be shown to us by the policeman. very interesting things were told to us at the conference. Has the TV set been repaired? 2. A difficult question was asked of me by the teacher. This stamp hasn’t been well stuck on the envelope. The truth is not always told to me by my friend. Nothing has been heard about him since he left for Constanta. Something must be done for him by his coworkers. His odd behaviour couldn’t be accounted for (by us). The professor’s lecture was listened to by all the students. 5. Football is played all over the world. John has been lent two of my books (by me). 9. The Great Prize was awarded to the Romanian film director (by the jury). 4. 2. A new house is being built round the corner (by them). 3. 6. He hates people making fun of him. Will the letter be written in ink? 3. I will be given a reward (by them). when I passed by. When he arrived home he realized his wallet had been stolen. 9. They held a reception in his honour. 3. 6. 10. Exercitiul 2: 1. The letter will be mailed as soon as possible. 4. 8. 10. 7.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 2. They have built this house out of stone and cement. All the visitors of the museum admire this painting. 10. 5. The teacher will tell the pupils where to sit. The event was commented on by all the newspapers. Many new blocks are being built in our district. America was discovered at the end of the 15th century. The work will be finished today (by them). 9. 8. They are taught English (by me). 4. 11. Would your work have been finished sooner if you hadn’t been interrupted by your colleagues? Exercitiul 5: 1. My TV set will be repaired by a specialist. Exercitiul 3: 1. 7. People will soon forget this book. Detailed instructions will be given to us about the paper. I’m not always told the truth by my friend. 7. 5. Two of my books have been lent to John (by me). 14. Were you frightened by the tornado? 5. John was laughed at (by us). A reward will be given to me (by them). The missing child has been found (by someone). 5. 10. A new supermarket was being built in that district last month. People mustn’t take away these books. Your bag has been found (by him). This piece of information must be treated confidentially. I have been given a nice present (by them). 3. I was frightened by the noise.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. Do you think your request will be turned down? 10. His proposal was objected to (by us). My friend recommended me a very good doctor. The children weren’t looked after properly (by them). We were told very interesting things at the conference. Haven’t you been told to be here at 6 o’clock? 4. 7. 9.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. His bed hasn’t been slept in (by him). 8. Foreign languages are spoken in this hotel. The house was broken into (by burglars). Exercitiul 4: 1. We will be shown the way by the policeman. We will be given detailed instructions about the paper. Will the details be told to him? Will he be told the details? 6. English is taught to them (by me). 6. 2. 15. 8. 3. We were asked to show our passports. The museum was closed for repairs. Fire was set to the shed (by them). 5. http://quintet. Was he shocked by the sight of the accident? 8.html 36 of 42 12/15/04 . 13. My friend will be invited to a party (by me). Some pills were prescribed to the patient (by the doctor). 7. 6. The doctor was called for (by us). 2. 4. Exercitiul 6: l. The museum was shown to the tourists (by the guide). Has the dog been fed? 7. The patient was prescribed some pills (by the doctor). Were you told about the meeting? 9. The Romanian film director was awarded the Great Prize (by the jury). A nice present has been given to me (by them).: 3. 4. 12. The tourists were shown the museum (by the guide). 8. 2. The rescue party finally discovered the climber.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU DIATEZA PASIVA Page 1 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU DIATEZA PASIVA Page 2 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA V Exercitii cu diateza pasiva Exercitiul 1: 1. 9. People speak English all over the world.
Everybody will be allowed/permitted to borrow. needn’t. 4. 5. The teacher told me I might skip the next class. 7. It must have been. will. I had to go. 6. He ought to have told. S. Did you have to be? Will you have to be? 20. can. 5. He may/might have done.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 13. He may/might have been right.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Exercitiul 6: Page 2 of 3 LECTIA VI Exercitii cu verbe modale Exercitiul 1: 1. Exercitiul 9: 1. 9. 3. She will be able to read and write. 10. 5. 11. 4. You can’t have been. 7. 8. He must think. Exercitiul 5: 1. 7. 5. 8. 13. 10. She will be able to lend. She could lend. 10. 18. She can’t have married. 4. You will be allowed/permitted to leave. I had to look up. You will not be allowed/permitted to smoke. 16. didn’t need to see. didn’t need to buy. must have left. You should have visited. must have been. I didn’t need to ring up Jane in order to speak to her. shall. Everybody was allowed/permitted to borrow. 10. Everybody shall be present at the meeting. 2. 19. 9. can. Exercitiul 12: 1. 10. mustn’t. 10. Exercitiul 13: 1. 9. I will have to go. 7. You may ring me up more often when you know I am ill. It may/might rain. Could he speak? Will he be able to speak? 18. 12. 14. Exercitiul 7: 1. needn’t have lent. can. You might have paid. It can t have been. It can’t be his fault. A good knowledge of English may/might help you. 12. 2. You won’t have to do. 5. shall. mustn’t. Exercitiul 10: 1. 9. 3. I won t be able to translate. Need we walk up to the chalet? 15. She could play. You needn’t have done. You might have written. 17. needn’t. 12. 4. 7. needn’t have bought. 6.actrus. should. 1 am sure I will be able to find time to help you. 1. needn’t have waited. 8. 3. It can’t have been his fault. You shouldn’t have gone. will. needn’t have answered. John must have been. 10. 16. can’t have seen. 16. 2. He needn’t have bought. 9. 2. would. 4. Could you help? Will you be able to help? 9. He must have been. I had to learn. 8. 4. The child will be allowed/permitted to have. didn’t need to wait. 8. This can’t be a true story. She can’t have learned English. Exercitiul 4: l. You can’t have seen. 10. Exercitiul 8: l. You were allowed/permitted to leave. can’t have left. we may/might take the bus or the ski-lift. 2. She may/might have returned. 6. 5. didn’t need to answer. She will be able to play. 2. Was I not allowed/permitted to walk? Shall I be not allowed/permitted to walk? 11. 15. I must change my shoes when I enter the house because they are full of mud. She can’t have got. 10. Could Jane type? Will Jane be able to type? 17. needn’t. 7. mustn’t. 2. 14. 17. I will have to leave soon. No. John could have been. 8. 4. 2. I couldn’t translate. You didn’t have to do. 4: She must be a very good doctor. You will have to help me more today. He could read and write. will. 15. Exercitiul 3: 1. I will have to learn.actrus. will. You might have changed. 3 It might have rained. 7. 6. should. will. because she was to come to my place in half hour’s time. 9. 3. 4. needn’t have lent. can’t have done. mustn’t. needn’t. 6. needn’t have written. You were not allowed/permitted to speak. 5. I could play the piano when I was a child. 8. 7. 13. 8. He won’t be allowed/permitted to come. You needn’t carry your luggage in the station yourself. 2. 3. 7. can’t. He must have been delayed. 5. can’t have swum. 3. must have been. All the students can and must write this paper. 5. 6. „Do you think he will marry that girl?" etc. 10. 10. You can’t miss the train. 11. 9. This must be the best. I may/might come home. He can’t be at the office. You needn’t have made 12/15/04 http://quintet. 3. It can’t have been. He must be older. He must have come home. 3. 2. The weather can’t change. shall. should. She may/might have been angry. You must have known the lesson. must have taken. Exercitiul 2: 1. It may/might be a good one. 5. 4.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. 9. would. You were not allowed/permitted to smoke.html 37 of 42 . 19. 14. 3. I can’t knit. 5. 9. It must have taken a long time. You won’t be allowed/permitted to speak. would. shall. would. 7. 8. The child was allowed/permitted to have. You must have forgotten. can’t have rained. can’t. a porter could help you. He can’t have passed. 7. All the children ought to/should do some housework. 2. mustn’t. should. He should have gone. 6. He may have been. 8. 9. 6. will. Sensuri posibile: „Do you think he will try to enter the faculty?". He could swim. 6. 3. 4. can. I will have to look up. 20. would. 3. 6. 4. 2. 5. Exercitiul 11: 1. would. needn’t. He must have been late. You must have left your umbrella. 6. She may/might be very late. 6. He was not allowed/permitted to come. I ought to/should have read the bibliography for the seminar. needn’t have got up. She may/might have been out. He will be able to swim.
I wish you hadn’t been delayed at the office. LECTIA VII Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv Exercitiul 1: 1. 4. I wished you had been able to come to me yesterday. today. 21.html 38 of 42 12/15/04 . 20. I must have been still at the faculty. I wish I had won the Great Prize. It’s time you paid me back the money I lent you. Why did you speak so loud? Somebody might have heard you. 3. 2. I wish I had money to buy that painting. hadn’t caught a cold. 7. as I knew the information was recorded on tape. S. I wish he would accept my proposal. I would rather I got up/I would rather get up earlier. Exercitiul 4: 1. 3. I wish I would able to read Goethe in the original. You speak as if you were angry with http://quintet. I wish I could go to the concert. Will you. 1 wish I had children. I wish/If only I hadn’t made so many mistakes in the test-paper! 2. I wish I wouldn’t get fat when giving up smoking. 19. 10. I wish you stopped that noise right away! 3. 24. I got.actrus. 3. I had locked it myself 27. 4. 9. 9. I wish they would sign the contract. I would become. Do you wish you had been invited to John’s party? 7. 8. 7. 10. I wish I lived in Bucharest. my telephone worked. 20. You can’t have found the door open. 18. I wish books weren’t so expensive. 11. 2. I wish/If only it didn’t rain! If it didn’t rain. 26.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_7. 5. Exercitiul 3: 1. we went. 3. I had entered. 7. 6. 13.. 10. 13. I wished the weather hadn’t been bad when I was on holiday. 8. you didn’t waste. 9. Page 1 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri coffee for me. his daughter didn’t get married. 2. 22. too. I wish you hadn’t had an accident.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. It’s high time you started reading the books required for the exam in Romanian literature. watched. I wish you didn’t live so far away. 11. 6. I were. S. you owned. he took. I wish I didn’t have only one child. 25. 8. Exercitiul 5: l. I wish he wouldn’t be away for such a long time. his book would become.. he told. I wished you hadn’t been out when I called. I wish I could pay the piano. 5. I stayed. I wish you would take a driving licence. you closed. I wish I would have a phone in my new flat. 8. he would have. I rang you up and nobody answered.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Page 3 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU MODUL SUBJON. you started. 4. 18. please. She looks as if she were a model. 16. 16. we could go to the beach. The teacher can’t/couldn’t have been satisfied with this answer. 10. 9.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. 14. 12. 19. I would rather you got up earlier. You can’t/couldn’t have been at home last night. Exercitiul 2: l. I wish you had won the competition. I wish I were a student. wait for a few minutes? 30. You ought to/should have insisted. I wish my friend weren’t ill. I were. 6. 29. I asked to speak to the manager but he wouldn’t come to the phone. I would rather I went/I would rather go to the theatre. I wish you would come on holiday with me. You may not speak during the exam. 2. I promise you. I wish he wouldn’t stay in hospital so long. 15. I wish/If only I were young again! 8. I would rather you went to the theatre. 14. It’s 10 o’clock! Don’t you think it’s high time you got up and started working? 15. 12. 10. I wish I hadn’t been late for the party. I have already drunk two. you were. I wish it didn’t rain so often. 23. 6. stopped. 17. I wished you hadn’t got a fine. Where shall we go now? 28.actrus. I didn’t need to say „thank you" when I found out the exact time by dialing number 958. I hadn’t forgotten. 4. Tomorrow I will have to mail the letter. I wish you stopped complaining because I have my own troubles. I wish I would spend my holiday in England. 7. 6. I wish/If only you were tidier! 5. 4. you shall have the book tomorrow. 9.
She (was) proved to be a liar. it might not get. I rely on you to lend me some money. 20. I have closed the window for you not to catch a cold. I saw him speaking to his friend. 2. (should) have. Page 2 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU CONSTRUCTIIL. He spoke to me as if nothing had happened between us. My friend insisted that I (should) go to the concert with him. It is necessary that I (should) be present at the meeting? Exercitiul 7: 1. Exercitiul 2: 1. The time has come for us to have a heart to heart talk. She was seen lying on the beach. He suggested that we (should) buy this house. Exercitiul 6: http://quintet. It’s time for us to meet again. Exercitiul 4: 1. 4. 10. may attend. He is expected to arrive at 2 o’clock. She made me understand what had happened. should have told. Whoever may/might have told you this about me. 5. 5. 2. 3. 10. 6. This fact is important for you to bear in mind. 8. I ordered a taxi for her not to miss the train.actrus. 5. 6. you should have. No matter how hard you may/might try. 15. She was said to be ill. 2. 4. It is advisable for you to resign. they (should) divorce. 7. The teacher suggests that we (should) read this book. 19. he were.html 39 of 42 12/15/04 . 8. 5. Mother decided that we (should) stay at home. 5. She was seen fainting. Whatever the reason may/might be. 9. It is impossible that he (should) return so early. Do you mean it is likely that we (should) spend our holiday in Brasov? 10. I had. 4. It is important that you (should) know English well. 7. 3. 9. 3. It’s time for you to start learning foreign languages. 9. She seemed to be satisfied with me. 15. 2. The manager proposed that 1 (should) work in another department. you may/might understand. 12. 17. He was believed to be a brilliant surgeon. It is important for you to come to the office at once. I saw some children playing in the park. 10. It is impossible for him to have said that. Exercitiul 9: 1. She behaves to him as if he were his husband. 3. I supposed him to be able to drive a car. we should take. you shouldn’t have believed it. 1 knew him to be a very busy man. 2. it should get. we (should) leave. Whenever you may/might return. 6. He wanted me to help him. 2.. The boy was found breaking the window. 8. He made me miss the train. 6. 9. 12. It is likely that my son should have passed the exam. me. 9. 3.. This is a good book for you to read. she should have left. 8. She was found digging in the garden. She happened to make three spelling mistakes in her letter. 1. I will be at home waiting for you. he were. I had been. 5. It is recommendable for you to read this book. 18.. 6. 3. This is a strange thing for her to have said. 8. I would find. 16. 3. It is necessary for him to be present. It is impossible that he should have returned so early. 4. I watched them playing football. Exercitiul 3: Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 2 LECTIA VIII Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1. you can’t win such a competition.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_7. I think him to be a good husband. 8.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_8. 3. It is necessary for you to study the matter seriously. 10. 2. 7.. 2. but I would rather you went to your grandparents in the countryside. This problem is too difficult for me to solve. 14. 3. Exercitiul 6: Exercitiul 1: 1. 10. She could be heard typing. 4. you retired. 18. 19. The peasants were seen working in the field. 6. I can’t believe you. I made a loan so that I might buy the house. Move aside so that I may/might see the screen. 4. hadn’t broken down. The child was heard breaking the vase. 13. 7. 11. 9. Whatever you may/might tell me. It is annoying that you should have forgotten to bring me back the book. Speak louder so that I may/might hear you. 9.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU MODUL SUBJON. 10. The manager requested that everybody (should) be present at 8 o’clock. 7. 6.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. The plane was seen landing. He was heard to repeat it several times. 7.actrus. you may/might be. I suggested that we (should) elect him president. He entered the house noiselessly so that I might not hear him. 20. 10. you shouldn’t lie to me. They are sure to have had an argument. Jane wishes I would spend my weekend with her. 2. 8. I heard her scold/scolding her child. Mother would like me to become a doctor. 4. 9. John admitted the fault to be his. He was expected to resign. It is necessary that you (should) be informed about what is happening in the country. 7. 6. 17. The hunters were heard shooting. She was thought to be unable to win the contest. I expected you to come earlier. 4. It is possible for me to buy a car. I know you wish you would spend your holiday in a camp. 13. might prosper. 8. This is the main thing for us to do. 14. 6. 5. The people were impatient for the match to begin. It is possible for the plane to be delayed. It was strange that she shouldn’t have read this book. It is possible that she might be away. 7. I insist that you (should) accept this job. 8. 7. This is a valuable piece of advice for you to take. 4. 11. The baby was heard crying. 5. It is very important that this contract (should) be signed very soon. I understand her to be a very good teacher. Exercitiul 8: 1. Exercitiul 5: 1. 5.
were bore beat became began bent bit blew broke brought built burnt burst bought caught chose came cost crept cut dealt dug did drew been borne. am plecat la cumparaturi. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE to be to bear to beat to become to begin to bend to bite to blow to break to bring to build to burn to burst to buy to catch to choose to come to cost to creep to cut to deal to dig to do to draw was. Intrucât ploaia incetase.. 9. ne-am grabit spre plaja. vom urca pâna la vârful muntelui. 6. ne-am asezat la cina. Toata lumea fiind acasa. 3. 7. 10. Dupa ce avionul a decolat am incetat sa fumez.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU CONSTRUCTIIL. Scrisoarea fiind scrisa. Daca vremea va permite.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_8. 5. 8. born beaten become begun bent bitten blown broken brought built burnt burst bought caught chosen come cost crept cut dealt dug done drawn http://quintet. Intrucât soarele rasarise.. ne era teama sa nu avem inundatii.actrus.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 4. Intrucât noroiul imi stricase pantofii. am mers sa o pun la posta. Decizia fiind luata in favoarea mea.actrus. publicul a parasit sala. Concertul fiind terminat. a trebuit sa-i schimb. am plecat acasa linistit.html 40 of 42 12/15/04 .ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10. Intrucât râul crescuse in timpul noptii. 2. Page 2 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 1 of 5 1.
html 12/15/04 http://quintet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 2 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 3 of 5 to dream to drink to drive to eat to fall to feed to feel to fight to find to fly to forbid to forget to forgive to freeze to give to go to grow to hang to have to hear to hide to hit to hold to hurt to keep to kneel dreamt drank drove ate fell fed felt fought found flew forbade forgot forgave froze gave went grew hung had heard hid hit held hurt kept knelt dreamt drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found flown forbidden forgotten forgiven frozen given gone grown hung had heard hidden hit held hurt kept knelt to know to lay to lead to lean to learn to leave to lend to let to lie to lose to make to mean to mow to meet to pay to put to read to ride to ring to rise to run to say to see to seek to sell to set knew laid led leant learnt.html 41 of 42 12/15/04 .actrus. learned left lent let lain lost made meant mown met paid put read ridden rung risen run said seen sought sold set http://quintet. learned left lent let lay lost made meant mowed met paid put read rode rang rose ran said saw sought sold set known laid led leant learnt.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.
actrus.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 4 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 5 of 5 to sew to shake to shine to shoot to show to shrink to shut to sing to sink to sleep to slide to smell to sow to speak to spell to spend to spill to spread to stand to stea1 to stick to stride Capitolul precedent sewed shook shone shot showed shrank shut sang sank slept slid smelt sowed spoke spelt spent spilt spread stood stole stuck strode Cuprins sewn shaken shone shot shown shrunk shut sung sunk slept slid smelt sown spoken spelt spent split spread stood stolen stuck stridden Capitolul urmator to swim to take to teach to tell to think to throw to understand swam took taught told thought threw understood swum taken taught told thought thrown understood to strike to strive to swear to sweep struck strove swore swept struck Index Cursuri striven sworn swept http://quintet.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.html 42 of 42 12/15/04 .
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