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Madame Tussaud

Madame Tussaud

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Published by: Ramona Boom on Oct 29, 2010
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Madame Tussauds is a famous wax museum in London with branches in a number of major cities.

It was set up by wax sculptor Marie Tussaud.

History
Marie Tussaud (1761–1850) was born Marie Grosholtz in Strasbourg, France. Her mother worked as a housekeeper for Dr. Philippe Curtius, who was a physician skilled in wax modelling. Curtius taught Tussaud the art of wax modelling. In 1765, Curtius made a waxwork of Marie-Jeanne du Barry, Louis XV's mistress. A cast of that mould is the oldest work currently on display. The first exhibition of Curtius' waxworks was shown in 1770, and attracted a large audience. The exhibition moved to the Palais Royal in Paris in 1776. He opened a second location on Boulevard du Temple in 1782, the "Caverne des Grands Voleurs", a precursor to the later Chamber of Horrors. Tussaud created her first wax figure, of Voltaire, in 1777. Other famous people she modelled at that time include Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Benjamin Franklin. During the French Revolution she made wax death masks of prominent victims. She would search through corpses to find the decapitated heads of the citizens which the death masks were to depict. When Curtius died in 1794, he left his collection of waxworks to Marie. In 1802, she went to London. As a result of the Franco-English war, she was unable to return to France, so she travelled throughout Great Britain and Ireland exhibiting her collection. For a time, it was displayed at the Lyceum Theatre. She established her first permanent exhibition on Baker Street in London in 1835 (on the "Baker Street Bazaar"). One of the main attractions of her museum was the Chamber of horrors. This part of the exhibition included some victims of the French Revolution and also newly created figures of murderers and other criminals. The name was given by a contributor to Punch in 1845. Other famous people were added to the exhibition, including Horatio Nelson, and Sir Walter Scott. Some of the sculptures done by Tussaud herself still exist. In 1842, she made a self portrait which is now on display at the entrance of her museum. The museum moved to its current location on Marylebone Road in 1884. In 1925 a fire destroyed many of the figures, but the moulds survived, allowing the historical waxworks to be remade.

Madame Tussaud's wax museum has now grown to become a major tourist attraction in London, incorporating (until recently) the London Planetarium in its west wing. It has expanded with branches in Amsterdam, Las Vegas, New York City, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Washington DC, with additional locations scheduled to open in Berlin in July 2008 and Hollywood in 2009. Today's wax figures at Tussauds include historical and royal figures, film stars, sports stars and famous murderers. Known as "Madame Tussauds" museums (no apostrophe), they are owned by a leisure company called Merlin Entertainments, following the acquisition of The Tussauds Group in May 2007.

Brad pitt. Princess of Wales Daniel Radcliffe David Wright George Clooney George W.Some of Tussauds wax figures Angelina Jolie. Shiloh Jolie-Pitt Beyoncé Knowles Britney Spears Christina Aguilera Colin Farrell Diana. Bush Hugh Grant The Hulk Jack Sparrow Jennifer Lopez Jessica Simpson Julia Roberts Kylie Minogue Madonna Marilyn Monroe Michael Jackson Nelson Mandela Oprah Winfrey Ozzy Osbourne .

Sharon Osbourne Paris Hilton Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson Tony Blair Richard III of England Spice Girls Usher Gabriel Van Helsing Victoria Beckham William Shakespeare Woody Allen Sports stars David Beckham David Wright Evander Holyfield Gary Lineker Jackie Robinson Jeff Gordon Jesse Owens Joe Montana Joe Namath Jonah Lomu Jonny Wilkinson José Mourinho Lance Armstrong .

London. London) Elvis Presley (Las Vegas. Hong Kong. New York) Janis Joplin (New York) Jarvis Cocker (London) Jessica Simpson (Las Vegas.Martina Hingis Michael Jordan Michael Owen Michael Schumacher Michelle Kwan Muhammad Ali Pelé Ronaldinho Shaquille O'Neal Sven-Göran Eriksson Tiger Woods Tobias Müller (Leutkirch) Viv Richards Wayne Gretzky Wayne Rooney Yao Ming Musicians Billy Idol (Las Vegas) Elton John (Las Vegas. New York) . New York. London. Amsterdam) Engelbert Humperdinck (Las Vegas) Frank Sinatra (Las Vegas. New York.

London) Marvin Gaye (Washington D. Hong Kong. Amsterdam) Kelly Chan (Hong Kong) LeAnn Rimes (New York) Lenny Kravitz (Las Vegas. London. Amsterdam) Judy Garland (Las Vegas. London) Louis Armstrong (Las Vegas. London. Las Vegas. New York. Amsterdam) . Amsterdam) Leo Ku (Hong Kong) Leon Lai (Hong Kong) Leslie Cheung (Hong Kong) Liberace (Las Vegas) Lindsay Lohan (New York) Little Richard (Las Vegas) Liza Minnelli (Las Vegas.C. Amsterdam) Kylie Minogue (Hong Kong. Las Vegas. London.) Michael Jackson (Hong Kong. New York) Lou Reed (Las Vegas) Luciano Pavarotti (Hong Kong.Jimi Hendrix (New York. Las Vegas. London) Joey Yung (Hong Kong) Johnny Cash (New York) Johnny Mathis (Las Vegas) Jon Bon Jovi (Las Vegas. New York. New York. New York) Justin Hawkins (London) Justin Timberlake(London. Amsterdam) Madonna (Las Vegas. New York.

New York. Shanghai. Amsterdam) Cybill Shepherd (Las Vegas.I. Amsterdam) RuPaul (New York) Robbie Williams (London. New York) Nicholas Tse (Shanghai) Notorious B. New York) Amitabh Bachchan (London) Andy Lau (Hong Kong) Angelina Jolie (Las Vegas. London) Usher (New York) Wayne Newton (Las Vegas) [edit] Actors/actresses Aishwarya Rai (London. (Las Vegas) Tupac Shakur (Las Vegas. London) Bae Yong Joon (Hong Kong) Ben Affleck (Las Vegas) Bob Hope (Las Vegas. New York.Miriam Yeung (Hong Kong) Mick Jagger (Las Vegas. Amsterdam) Sammy Davis Jr. London) . Shanghai) Charlie Chaplin (London. London. New York) Brandon Routh (New York. New York) Cecilia Cheung (Hong Kong. (New York) Neil Sedaka (Las Vegas) Prince (Las Vegas. New York.G. New York. Amsterdam) Arnold Schwarzenegger (Las Vegas.

Hong Kong) Jodie Sweetin (London) John Wayne (Las Vegas. New York) Nicolas Cage (Las Vegas. New York. Hong Kong) Jackie Chan (Hong Kong) Jenna Jameson (Las Vegas) Jennifer Lopez (Las Vegas. London. New York. Amsterdam. London. London. Amsterdam) Estelle Getty (Las Vegas) George Burns (Las Vegas) George Clooney (Las Vegas. New York) Louie Anderson (Las Vegas) Lucille Ball (Las Vegas. Amsterdam) . New York) Marilyn Monroe (Las Vegas. New York) Michael Caine (London) Michelle Yeoh (Hong Kong) Morgan Freeman (London. London.Daniel Radcliffe (London) David Jason (London) Elizabeth Taylor (Las Vegas. New York) Hugh Grant (London. New York. New York. New York) Joanne Woodward (Las Vegas) Jodie Foster (Las Vegas. London) Harrison Ford (London. London. London) Mel Gibson (Las Vegas. Amsterdam) Meryl Streep (Las Vegas. New York. Amsterdam) Gerard Depardieu (Las Vegas. New York. Las Vegas.

New York) Robin Williams (London. New York) Salma Hayek (New York) Sylvester Stallone Teri Hatcher (New York) The Rock Tom Baker (London) Whoopi Goldberg Will Smith Pablo Picasso Vincent Van Gogh Wolfgang Puck [edit] World leaders . London) Paul Newman (Las Vegas.Patrick Stewart (Las Vegas.

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