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18th

18
8tth Conference
Co e e ce ofo the
t e Electric
ect c Power
o e Supply
Supp y Industry
dust y (CEPSI)
(C S )
Date: October 24-
24-28,
28, 2010
Place: Taipei International Convention Center
Center, Taiwan
By Parichart Suttiprasit
Steam Turbine Maintenance Engineer,
Engineer
Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT)
Event Overview
Introduction
Methods
Results
C l i
Conclusions
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March th
15 , 2008 Trip Setting 225 μmp-p
225 μmp-p

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MI  MO MI MI MO MI
WI

COD  96 99 01 03 04 06 08 10
1995
Bearing 
B i
Replacement

GT1 HRSG1
Steam
Turbine
GT2 HRSG2
4
Tilt PPadd BBearing
i
from Kingsbury Inc.

Pivoted 
shoe

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Standard of Condition Monitoring
Overall Shaft Vibration
Bearing Metal Temperature
Lube Oil Inlet Temperature
Generator Cooling Temperature

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Vibration Subsynchronous

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MVAR Change

Abnormal Diff. Expansion

Overall Shaft 
Overall Shaft
Vibration

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Overall Shaft 
Vibration
b
Subsynchronous
from Spectrum 
Vibration 8‐12 Hz, 75 μmp-p
During the event
10 μmp-p
Before the event

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3 options to correct
“Fluid
Fluid Induced Instability
Instability”
without Internal Inspection
p
€6-day
d CCompromised
i d Balancing
Bl i
€8-day
d Bearing
B i Inspection
I ti
€Lube
L b Oil TTemperature
t Adjusting
Adj ti
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3 options to correct “Fluid
Fluid Induced
Instability” without Internal Inspection
Instability
March - April 2008

Lube Oil Temp.


Compromised Adjusting
Balancingg (Fi Tuning)
(Fine T i )
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3 options to correct “Fluid
Fluid Induced
Instability” without Internal Inspection
Instability
Bearing
Inspection
““Higher
Higher Load
Bearing pp y
Supply
Replacing Run Longer”
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3 options to correct “Fluid
Fluid Induced
Instability” without Internal Inspection
Instability
Bearing
Inspection
Although “Higher Load Supply
Run Longer
Longer”, it could not be reduced Vibration
without Internal Part Correction anymore!!!
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Correcting Activities in Overhaul
May – June
2008

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Correcting Activities in Overhaul
Front
F t CCasing
i W Weight
i ht Balancing
Bl i May – June
2008
69% 10%

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Correcting Activities in Overhaul
R bbi DDecreasing
Rubbing i

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Correcting Activities in Overhaul
R bbi DDecreasing
Rubbing i

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Condition Monitoring after Overhaul
Foundation
F d ti Level
L l
Right Side of LP Casing Level 
Lower than Left Side 2 7 mils
Lower than Left Side 2.7 mils

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Before July
of 10 μmp-p
Subsynchronous of 10  2008
Trip at 1X=230 μmp-p
@60 MW (52% Load)

After
of 80 μmp-p
Subsynchronous of 80 
@100 MW (87% Load)

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M Stable
More St bl ; hhowever, NNeedd more Fi
Fine Tuning
T i
Byy Lube Oil Temp.p Decreasingg from 49oC to 45 oC

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“L t possible
“Last ibl cause in
i th
the fifishh bbone di
diagram was
found and corrected.”
Erection/Design
Maintenance
Bearing Load

Operation

Environment Machine
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Shaft at Shaft at
Brg. No. 1 Brg No.
Brg. No 2

Shaft at Shaft at
Brg. No. 3 Brg. No. 4

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Before

After

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Remedial Action Step
Subsynchronous
y Turbine Condition
Appear  Normal 
80 μmp-p @87% Load  Abnormal
10 μmp-p @52% Load 
10 μm @52% Load Severe
(Trip)

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Remedial Action Step

Turbine  Action
Condition 
Normal
Normal  Monitoring & Next Outage Planning
& Next Outage Planning
Abnormal  1. Lube Oil Temp. Adjusting 1‐2 days
2. Compromised Balancing 2‐6 days
3. Bearing Inspection 8 days 
Severe  Internal Part Inspection (Overhaul) 

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Remedial Action Step
Can be Operated
“The condition is Abnormal, 
Turbine  Action but it needs to be Operated
but it needs to be Operated. 
Condition  It is necessary to 
Normal
Normal  & NextControl MVAR, and/or 
Control MVAR,
Monitoring & Next Outage Planning
Outage and/or
Planning
Decrease Load.
Abnormal  1. Lube Oil Temp. Adjusting 1‐2 days
2. Compromised Balancing 2‐6 days
3. Bearing Inspection 8 days 
Severe  Internal Part Inspection (Overhaul) 

Need to be Shut down 26


Thank you for your kind attention

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