aesthetics: urban design and architecture

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‡ Webster's defines Aesthetics as: a branch of philosophy dealing with beauty and the beautiful. Philosophy is the critical study of fundamental beliefs and the grounds for those beliefs. ‡ We define beauty as the qualities that give pleasure to the senses or exalt the mind.

THE STUDY OF AESTHETICS IS AN ESSENTIAL PART OF SOCIETY AND ENVIRONMENT AND IT MAY BE SUBJECTIVE OR OBJECTIVE

http://tutorials.architecture.arizona.edu/

is beauty subjective or objective? ‡ Is it possible to judge beauty by any standards? Is it quantifiable? ‡ is beauty in the eye of beholder? (ie what is beautiful to me may not be to you) ‡ Must art be beautiful to be great art? (yes or no) ‡ A thing of beauty a joy forever? (true or false) (anonymous) .

‡ Beauty is a feeling.designobserver. (Design Observer ± writings on design and culture www. knowledge and meaning from the environment. The feeling of being grounded and centered which people often experience when finally alone with nature is not ³subjective´ but rather a keen cognitive awareness of the geometry of life around us. ‡ What we call thinking ² linguistically -mediated deducted reasoning or reflection ² is cumbersome in comparison to the countless ways our mind/body reads. ‡ Information is everywhere and there are countless ways of picking it up. but feelings are objective and more precise than ³thinking´ ‡ Feelings are not irrational reactions. but highly evolved ways of gathering information. by the environment and ecosystem. and is read.com) .

calm or agitation may rise in response to elements and combinations of elements in the built and natural environments. Similarly. Friends of Albuquerque's Environmental Story .defining urban design ‡ Urban design is more than a combination of its elements. ‡ and aesthetics of the resulting environment. A person feels comfort when an environment meets certain functional or social needs. ‡ social and cultural values of the people. A well-designed environment is created through a thoughtful interaction of various urban design elements. (feelings) (Tangri 2006) ‡ ‡ ‡ Manjeet K. Tangri Albuquerque's Environmental Story Educating For a Sustainable Community. Copyright © 2006. feelings of joy or sadness. It is an approach to design that takes into consideration ‡ the natural and built environment.

nmculturenet. but I don't know why".org/heritage/architesture/html/aesthetics.It is not enough to say "I like it.html . ‡ Aesthetics is important because it: ± develops observational skills ± introduces a vocabulary with which to speak about art and architecture ± encourages higher levels of critical thinking ± promotes a personal and genuine interaction with a work of art or architecture www. ‡ Statements about the aesthetic quality of a work of art (or architecture) must be based on some acceptable criteria.

vertical.How to analyse? ‡ An aesthetic analysis of a building or built environment begins with a description using the following elements of design: ± ± ± ± ± color line (straight. diagonal.html . informal) repetition ± rhythm ± movement unity (how the elements and principles work together) creating interest (How does the architect create a center of interest or emphasis for his building?) www.nmculturenet. in terms of: ± ± ± ± balance (formal -symmetrical or radial. curved.org/heritage/architesture/html/aesthetics. horizontal) space texture form Principles of Design: ‡ An aesthetic analysis also looks at the way the elements of design are arranged.

analysis: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Description: What do you see? Analysis: How is the building(s) organized? Interpretation: What is the architect saying? Judgment: What do you think of the building? Aesthetic Judgement: ± Is the building designed appropriately for its function? ± Does it solve social problems? ± How is it integrated into the architectural landscape and the environmental landscape? ± It is aesthetically pleasing? .

site specificity.Architecture and art ± the difference? The following text is from philosopher Roger Scruton's 1979 book The Aesthetics of Architecture. Scruton establishes architecture's distinguishing features that separate it from art for his aesthetic inquiry: function. « taken from the book's introduction. its character as a public object. and its continuity with the decorative arts and the vernacular .

and may be subjective or objective ‡ VISUAL POLLUTION ‡ GOOD BUILDINGS / ENVIRONMENT ‡ WORST BUILDINGS / ENVIRONMENT .The study of aesthetics is an essential societal value.

street signs.co.constructionawards. http://www. business signs. ‡ Visual Pollution can be caused by a range of factors including buildings.uk/swingometer/vispol. telephone and utility poles. graffiti.php . weeds and litter.Visual pollution ‡ Visual pollution refers to those parts of the landscape or "townscape" that are unattractive.

Visual pollution Photographs by by Uzma Zain .

typical scenes while driving on road ± µpindi city Analyse this: what do you see here? what you don¶t see here ? is this acceptable? What can be done about this? .

THINK When we walk on our streets ± is this the environment we love to see? Whats wrong with the place? Why is it like this? .

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are these spaces being enjoyed? where is the beauty which makes people happy? .« life¶s routine goes on «..

Graffiti: is this visual pollution too ± or is it acceptible µpollution¶? ± why? Passing through Faisalabad Street in Bahrain .

what is good and what is bad? Islamabad .

Murree .

rawalpindi .

Aesthetic control of environment: Questions?  Is it true that aesthetic quality contributes to well being and happiness of society  Is the quality we see around acceptable? If not why are we accepting it?  Are we happy?  Who is responsible: authorities? us? others  How can we make a difference? .

Thank you .

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