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Technology Review

Technology Review Contents
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Setting new standards for economical power productions

4

Design Philosophy

6

Low NOx combustion

8

Piston and piston rings

10

Connecting rod / Camshaft

11

Main bearing / Crankshaft

12

Engine block and foundation

13

Cylinder liner with anti-polishing ring / Cylinder head

14

Fuel System / The fuel injection system

15

Engine-driven pumps / Air intake and exhaust system

16

Engine control system

17

Maintenance

18

Service solutions to optimize profitability

19

Daily round-the-clock service, wherever it is needed

20

Main data marine

21

Main data power

22

Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Setting new standards for economical power productions
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The Queen of the Netherlands, dredger, equipped with two Wärtsilä 12V46 engines and a Wärtsilä 6L26 genset. Wärtsilä 26 offers an outstanding total economy concept adding up to numerous valuable benefits for the customer.

Morgenstond II, dry cargo vessel, equipped with a Wärtsilä 9L26 engine.

Articaborg, electric icebreaking supply vessel, equipped with two 1950 kW Wärtsilä 6L26 engines.

KW 34, fishing vessel, equipped with a Wärtsilä 9L26 engine.

Power Plant Köyliön Sähkö, equipped with a Wärtsilä 18V26 engine, Finland.

Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Design Philosophy
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Wärtsilä engine designs are based on generation of know-how combined with innovations in response to customer needs. It is also fully optimised for today’s flexible manufacturing methods. The Wärtsilä 26 engine offers the customer the following core values:
s s s s s

The Wärtsilä 26 was developed in response to a need in the market for a new engine in the 260 mm cylinder bore class. The Wärtsilä 26 represents the latest technological innovation, combining fuel economy and low emission rates with high fuel versatility. The shortest and lowest engine in its class, the Wärtsilä 26 requires minimum space in the engine room. Wärtsilä works in close co-operation with the customer in conducting field tests and follow-ups of selected test components. This has resulted in satisfied customers: the engine has already proven its force by making 67,000 running hours. 210 Engines since the new design in 1997. With fewer parts, lower maintenance requirements, low fuel consumption, less emissions, and the ability to run reliably on a variety of fuels, the Wärtsilä 26 is unquestionably the state-of-the-art in marine propulsion and in power generation.

easy space-saving installation easy to install high availability environmental friendliness low operational costs

Extensive testing in our modern diesel laboratories backed up by several thousand running hours and have made the innovated Wärtsilä 26 a reliable diesel engine.

Wärtsilä 26 generator set

Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Low NOx combustion
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IMO NOx Compliance

World Bank Guide Lines Compliance

Any hydrocarbon fuel can be burned provided the fuel temperature is right and there is sufficient oxygen. However, the way it is burned has a great effect on thermal efficiency and exhaust emissions, particularly NOx formation.Wärtsilä has developed the Wärtsilä 26 to perform in an optimum way in load acceptance and efficiency, while keeping the emissions amply below the limits set by IMO (International Maritime Organization). The engine is delivered with an EIAPP (Engine International Air Pollution Prevention) Statement of Compliance. With the engine a Technical File is delivered mentioning the parts influencing NOx formation. With this the parts in the engine can be identified as the correct ones. The combustion is optimized by means of:
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When talking about Power Plant stack emissions, nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulphur dioxides (SOx) and particles (as dry dust) are in focus. World Bank Guidelines 1998 for “Thermal Power: Guidelines for New Plants” take into account the air quality in the surrounding of the power plant when defining the applicable stack limits. The 26-engine is designed for minimum NOx emissions at an optimum fuel consumption. The engine fulfills the new (from 1.7.2000) World Bank NOx stack limit for ‘non-degraded areas’. In a ‘degraded area’, which might be the case for a big city with heavy car traffic etc., the stack limit for NOx is lower and a SCR catalyst has to be applied. Emissions of sulphur dioxides and particles are fuel related (mainly dependent on sulphur and ash content of the fuel).
1999 2000 2001
ppm-v (dry, at 15 vol-% O2)

NOx Emmission limits/World Bank 1998 Guide Lines
Appying for Funding After 1.7.2000 1200 1000 800 600 400 200
World Bank (degraded airshed): 400 mg/nm3 (dry, 15 vol-% O2, 0 ˚C) World Bank (non-degraded airshed): 2000 mg/nm3 (dry, 15 vol-% O2, 0 ˚C) World Bank (non-degraded airshed): 2300 mg/nm3 (dry, 15 vol-% O2, 0 ˚C)

a higher combustion air temperature at the start of injection, which drastically reduces the ignition delay a retarded start to injection and shorter injection duration, making that combustion takes place at the optimal point with respect to efficiency and reduction of NOx

s

IMO NOx limit for new engines

Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming

20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 0

Specific NOx emissions weighted (g/kWh)

Greenhouse Gases

Carbon dioxide concentrations
Source: Environmental Data Report, UNEP 1990

Wärtsilä 26 low NOx combustion
N2O 6%

ppvm 350 Atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide since 1750 CFC 24% 330

CO2

55%

310

200

400

600

800

1000

1200

1400

1600

1800

2000

Methane

15%

290

Rated engine speed (rpm) IMO/MPEC/BCH proposal: NOx limit as a function of engine speed 270 1700 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000

Ice core measurement (siple station, West Antarctia)

Direct measurement (Mauna Loa, Hawaii)

Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Piston and piston rings

Connecting rod
26

s

The piston design consists of a forged steel crown and nodular cast iron skirt with pressurized skirt lubrication. The three-ring pack comprises two ceramic chromium-plated, compression rings and an oil distributor ring. This ring pack ensures optimum pressure distribution and reduces lubricating oil consumption.

s

The connecting rod has a horizontally-split bottom end to obtain minimal length and high rigidity. It has only one single drilled hole, without plugs, for the flow of lubricating oil to the piston, securing oil supply under all circumstances, without risk of leakage.

s

s

s

The combustion chamber ensures efficient combustion at all loads, while the component temperatures are kept low.

Connecting rod

Camshaft
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The camshaft is composed of individual single-cylinder units, with bolted flange connections to separate journals. The flanges are formed by cams, allowing maximum rigidity for the fuel cam loads. Valve tappets are built into modules bolted on the engine block thereby ensuring easy maintenance and reliable operation.

s s

Piston and piston rings

Camshaft

Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Main bearing

Engine block and foundation
26

s

The geometry of the main bearing creates an oil film thickness which greatly exceeds the safety margins set by bearing manufacturers; all in accordance with the ‘Thick Pad’ philosophy of Wärtsilä.

s

The combination of design elements such as under slung crankshaft, integral air receiver, cooling water and lubricating oil channels, short cylinder distances, and material choice has resulted in a very rigid engine block.

s

The camshaft bearing environment forms an integral part of the engine block, contributing to its overall stiffness and taking the large forces caused by actuation of the fuel pumps.

s

Studs and nuts of bearing caps are hydraulically tensioned.
s

Bolted-on engine feet facilitate installation in all kinds of seating arrangements, including resilient mounting.

Main bearing

Foundation

Crankshaft
s

Special attention was given to the optimization of the various geometric characteristics, such as cylinder distance, to achieve a space-saving solution. By using three-dimensional finite-element analysis, an optimal result is achieved with maximum overall rigidity and moderate bearing loads. All criteria of the classification societies are met with large margins. The engine can be delivered with a 100% power PTO shaft at free end.

s

s s

Crankshaft

Engine block

Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Cylinder liner with anti-polishing ring

Fuel system
26

s

Flanged liner with tangential water flow, and symmetrically supported at the top. Anti-polishing ring removes the carbon from the top land of the piston, thereby preventing liner polishing. This system results in a drastic reduction of cylinder wear, lower lubricating oil consumption and a clean piston.

s

Fuel feed and return lines are integrated in the fuel pump housing. This results in fewer pipe connections leading to high reliability.

s

s

Shielded high pressure lines and the ‘hot box’ design contribute to safety, especially for heavyfuel operation.

s

The pressure pulses in the low pressure system are very low.

Cylinder liner

Fuel system

Cylinder head
s

The fuel injection system
s

The use of four cylinder head studs offers easy access for maintenance, while requiring less space. Rigidity of the cylinder head design ensures adequate and uniform sealing between cylinder head and liner.

The Wärtsilä 26 fuel injection system achieves the optimum fuel spray pattern and droplet size. Proper dimensioning of the camshaft, camshaft bearings and rollers ensure long lifetimes and low maintenance costs.

s

s

Rigidity of the flame plate, prohibits deformation of the valve seat environment.

s

The thick flame bottom has drilled cooling water passages to prevent thermal stresses.

s

Low thermal loads and careful selection of valve and seat material result in excellent valve reliability.

Cylinder head

Fuel injection system

Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Engine-driven pumps

Engine control system
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s

Engine-driven lubricating oil and cooling water pumps are an integral part of the engine. All pumps are located on the free end of the engine, allowing easy connection to the ancillary systems. Using the engine-driven pumps reduces the total investment costs for the shipowner.
Engine-driven pumps

s

The engine is equipped with a computerized engine control unit (Wärtsilä Engine Control System, WECS) incorporating all condition monitoring and alarm functions. The engine monitoring and diagnostics system can be integrated in a total engine control, monitoring and trend-indicating system.

s

s

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WECS 2000

Air intake and exhaust system
s

Turbochargers are designed for high compression ratios and high efficiencies at all loads. They are fitted with cleaning devices for both compressor and turbine sides. Charge air receiver is designed for minimum pressure variation and good engine ‘breathing’. The exhaust system has a flow-optimized design. Its modular construction gives easy assembly. Insulation is provided by insulating panels which are easily removable for inspection.
s

s

s

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The Wärtsilä 26 is equipped with a two-stage air cooler, suitable for waste heat recovery.

s

Housing of the two-stage air cooler is a multifunctional casting, incorporating also the turbocharger support.

Air intake and exhaust system

Assembly hall, Zwolle, The Netherlands

Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Maintenance

Service solutions to optimize profitability
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The design features of the engine facilitate direct access to the vital parts. This cuts the time needed for maintenance. Other key aspects for easy maintenance are:
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Wärtsilä is committed to keeping your investment productive and profitable throughout the equipment lifecycle, whether you are operating a land-based power plant or marine power system.This calls for proactive services including performance optimization, modernization and comprehensive operation support. Wärtsilä provides separate service packages for its power plant and marine customers: Energy Partner and Marine Partner, which are tailored to the specific needs and operating conditions of these customers. In both cases, however, our aim is yours – to find a service solution you can adapt to your needs in the most cost-efficient way. Energy Partner and Marine Partner services cover all aspects of plant support to help you to optimize the lifecycle costs of your equipment in the way you consider most appropriate. Our approach is two-fold. You can either use them individually on a daily basis. Or you can use them in combinations predefined by one of our service agreements.

Reduction of the number of parts through integration of the channels for lubricating oil and water into the engine block and other castings Hydraulic tensioning of the studs for the cylinder head, connecting rod and main bearings Automatic cleaning filters Easy removal of the cylinder head

s

s s

Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Daily round-the-clock service, wherever it is needed

Main data marine
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Main data

Rated power: Propulsion engines 260 mm 320 mm 900 – 1000 rpm 24.3 – 23.0 bar 9.6 – 10.7 m/s 6L26 8L26 9L26 Engine type kW 1 860 2 480 2 790 3 720 4 960 5 580 Ouput in kW/bhp at 900 rpm BHP 2 530 3 375 3 795 5 060 6 945 7 590 kW 2 025 2 600 2 925 3 900 5 200 5 850 1 000 rpm BHP 2 755 3 535 3 980 5 305 7 070 7 955

Parts
Cylinder bore

Top-quality original parts covering all Wärtsilä and Sulzer engines, including all previous engine brands with first-class response times and first-class global logistics support.
Field Service

Piston stroke Speed Mean effective pressure Piston speed

Fuel specification Fuel oil 730 cST/50º C 7200 sRI/100º F ISO 8217, category ISO-F-RMK 55

12V26 16V26 18V26

Competent, regularly trained field professionals available round the clock anywhere in the world through Wärtsilä’s global service network, backed up by product specialists.

Principal engine dimensions (mm) and weights (tonnes)

Workshop Services

Engine Type 6L26 8L26 9L26 12V26

Restoration of full functionality, safety and reliability with OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) quality.
Technical Support

A* 4 278 5 370 5 760 5 364 6 240 6 624 G

A 4 212 5 249 5 639 5 124 5 964 6 384 H 259 259 259 345 345 345

B 1 871 1 886 1 886 2 153 2 153 2 153 I 920 920 920 1 010 1 010 1 010

C 1 815 1 863 1 863 2 474 2 474 2 474 K 1 420 1 420 1 420 1 530 1 530 1 530

D 2 420 2 420 2 420 2 060 2 060 2 060 M 1 074 1 122 1 122 1 237 1 237 1 237

E 400 400 400 460 460 460 N 680 937 937 1 344 1 344 1 344

F wet 952 952 952 1 262 1 262 1 262 O 1 155 1 155 1 155

F dry 793 793 793 800 800 800 Weight 17.2 21.8 24.0 29.2 35.2 38.9

Full technical support for trouble-shooting and equipment optimization by local dedicated contact people and specialized product company experts.
Operation Support

16V26 18V26

6L26

2 866 3 646 4 036 3 035 3 875 4 295

Full O&M documentation support and sophisticated software applications to ensure continuous operational reliability and cost control.
Training

8L26 9L26 12V26 16V26 18V26

Standardized and tailor-made courses worldwide on all Wärtsilä and Sulzer products.

Service Agreements
Wärtsilä service agreements cover all aspects of lifecycle optimization from parts supply and daily assistance, to inspection, maintenance and even implementation of agreed performance targets. Though comprehensive in scope, Wärtsilä service agreements are designed to allow you to tailor them to your exact needs.
C N M D B N A* O M

s s s s

Support agreement Inspection agreement Maintenance support agreement Maintenance agreement

s s

Performance agreement Operation & Maintenance agreement
H E F E I K H G A I C K F

Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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D

Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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B

s

Parts supply agreement

s

Management support agreement

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Rated power: Auxiliary engines/marine Output at Engine type Fuel: HFO/MDO/LFO 900 rpm Eng. kW Gen. kW Eng. kW 6L26 8L26 9L26 12V26 16V26 18V26 1 860 2 480 2 790 3 720 4 960 5 580 1 795 2 395 2 690 3 590 4 785 5 385 2 025 2 600 2 925 3 900 5 200 5 850 1 000 rpm Gen. kW 1 955 2 510 2 825 3 765 5 020 5 645

Main data power
Main data: Wärtsilä 26A 900 rpm Cylinder bore Piston stroke Cylinder output Engine speed Piston speed Mean effective pressure 260 mm 320 mm 280 kW/cyl. 900 rpm 9.6 m/s 22.0 bar 1000 rpm 260 mm 320 mm 295 kW/cyl. 1000 rpm 10.6 m/s 20.8 bar Rated power Engine type 6L26 8L26 9L26 12V26 16V26 18V26 Fuel specification Fuel oil 730 cSt/50°C 7200 sRi/100°E ISO 8217, category ISO-F-RMK 55 Natural gas Principal engine dimensions (mm) and weight (tonnes) Engine Type 6L26 8L26 9L26 12V26 16V26 18V26 900 rpm Eng. kW 1680 2240 2520 3360 4480 5040 Gen. kW 1620 2160 2430 3240 4320 4865 Eng. kW 1770 2360 2655 3540 4720 5310 1000 rpm Gen. kW 1710 2280 2560 3415 4555 5125

Our company, as a manufacturer and

supplier of high-quality diesel engines

is certified according to ISO 9001.

The Wärtsilä 26 is the result of systematic

efforts, and its manufacture is

A 7378 8556 8946 8978 9818 10 051

B 2350 2350 2350 2470 2470 2470

C 2766 2781 2781 2971 2971 3039

Weight 36 44 47 55 64 71

certified under the Lloyd’s Register

Quality Assurance scheme.

C

B

Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Technology Review Wärtsilä 26

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Wärtsilä Corporation is the leading global ship power supplier and a major provider of solutions for decentralized power generation and of supporting services.

In addition Wärtsilä operates a Nordic engineering steel company and manages substantial share holdings to support the development of its core business.

Wärtsilä NSD Nederland B.V. P.O. Box 10608, 8000 GB Zwolle Hanzelaan 95, 8017 JE Zwolle The Netherlands

Telephone: +31 (0)38 425 32 53 Fax (marine): +31 (0)38 425 33 52

TRW26.04/01

Design: MB vormgevers

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