Texas/Mexico Border Security Update


Governor’s Guidance

“Using intelligence, available state assets, and a new command and control structure, we are going to take back our border from those who exploit it.”
Governor Rick Perry

Border Security Threat Matrix
Gulf Cartel Los Zetas Sinaloa Cartel (CGO) Juarez Cartel (VCF) Tijuana Cartel

Crimes Against People
Violent Crimes Murder Assassinations Torture Beheadings Kidnapping Human Smuggling Drugs / Contraband Identity Theft

Cars Trucks / Containers Boats Aircraft

Cell Phones (disposable) Secure Radios Calling Cards Internet

Trans-National Gangs
Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) Barrio Aztecas (BA) Mexikanemi Hermanos de Pistoleros Latinos (HPLS) Texas Syndicate Tango Blast Tri-City Bombers Aryan Brotherhood

Crimes Against Property
Vehicle theft for smuggling Infrastructure destruction Infrastructure denial Cyber attacks Property theft / destruction

Scouts Sensors Monitors Human Sources

Money Laundering Terrorism Attacks
Explosives Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear Toxic Industrial Chemicals Cash Gift Cards Pre-paid Credit Cards Wire Transfers

Other Drug Trafficking Organizations (DTOs) Terrorists
Al Qaeda and Sunni Terrorist Hamas Hezbollah

Safe Houses Stash/Warehouses


Threat Corridors .

Major Conflict States (Red) .

. Juarez. MS-13 and the Mexican Mafia to support their operations on both sides of the border. such as the Barrio Azteca.S.S. and transnational gangs.Threat •Powerful and ruthless Mexican crime organizations such as the Gulf. drug and human smuggling market and constitute a public safety and homeland security threat to the U. Los Zetas and Sinaloa Cartels dominate the lucrative U. Texas Syndicate. •Mexican crime organizations utilize former military commandos such as the Zetas and Kaibiles.

.Transnational Threat • Every major gang in the State of Texas is connected to Mexican cartel smuggling operations. These gangs are responsible for a disproportionate amount of the violent crimes in our communities.

Cardona was the “hookup.Generally receive $5.” the connection between a highlevel drug trafficker in Mexico and a rotating cast of teenagers and young men who act as assassins on the U.$50. depending on their role and target Rosalio Reta . At least one.Dubbed “Zetillas” – slang for “Baby Zetas” . was trained at a Gulf Cartel camp in Mexico. a 17 year old Houston native. So far. side of the border.Gang Recruitment of Teens Cartel hires Laredo teen as hit man Houston Chronicle Gabriel Cardona. who is now 20.000 . Gabriel Cardona . he’s pleaded guilty to two murder charges and faces three more.000 for murder. was charged with killing five people in the span of 10 months.S.Recruitment profile: American kids. Rosalio Reta. age 17-24 .

2009 Danny Santos. He was arrested once. At age 15. Santos says he met “a guy” at a party who introduced him to drug kingpins in Ciudad Juarez. Texas (CNN). says he became one of the thousands of American and Mexican teenagers recruited into the dangerous world of drug smuggling. now 21. He said charges were dropped because he was younger than 18 when arrested and juvenile cases are sealed. they’ve seen a rise in the number of juvenile drug smugglers getting busted at border checkpoints. USBP officials in El Paso and San Diego report that in recent months. MX.Gang Recruitment of Teens Teen made $50. but spent only a few days in jail.000 smuggling drugs across border El Paso. April 21. .

March 30.More juvenile drug smugglers have been arrested in March on the El Paso border than in the last two months combined. 2009 EL PASO -. USBP officials said. There have been 17 accused smugglers age 17 and younger arrested in March compared with five in February and seven in January .Threat Gang Recruitment of Teens Teen drug-smuggling arrests jump El Paso Times.

724 6.609 2009: 2.657 2010: 1.Violence in Mexico The body count continues to rise in Mexico as a result of cartel activity: Juarez 2008 1.631* *As of 13 Jul 2010 **As of 15 Jul 2010 Mexico 6.290 7.248** .

TX. 2009 Across from McAllen. .Reynosa Shootout: February 17-18.

2009 .Reynosa Shootout: February 17-18.

2009 .Reynosa Shootout: February 17-18.

2009 .Reynosa Shootout: February 17-18.

Reynosa Shootout: February 17-18. 2009 .

Reynosa Shootout: February 17-18. 2009 .

.Matamoros Shootout: September 4. 2009 Across from Brownsville. TX.

2009 .Matamoros Shootout: September 4.

2009 .Matamoros Shootout: September 4.

Matamoros Shootout: September 4. 2009 .

Matamoros Shootout: September 4. 2009 .

Matamoros Shootout: September 4. 2009 .

Matamoros Shootout: September 4. 2009 .

Michoacan: September 2006 Terror Tactics .

Texas Kidnapping: September 2009 .Horizon City.

Juarez: September 2009 Across from El Paso .

Juarez: October 2009 .

Juarez: January 2010 Teen birthday party massacre 16 killed. 12 injured .

Mexico .Vehicle Borne IED 15 Jul 2010 Juarez.

Texas Response…. .

State. 2006 Operation BIG BEND August 17-30.Operation RIO GRANDE Border Operation Characteristics Dallam Sherman Hansford Ochiltree Lipscomb 287 • 5 Border Sectors / 1 Corridor • 8-24 Days in Duration 40 • June 2 – October 8. 2006 Operation LAREDO July 8-20. 2006 Operation VALLEY STAR September 8-22. 2006 Operation CORRIDOR October 1-8. 2006 Pecos Jeff Davis Schleicher Menard Burnet Mason Llano 10 Crockett Sutton TBSOC Williamson Burleson Blanco Travis Bastrop Lee Hays Comal Caldwell Fayette Operation CORRIDOR Angelina Trinity Polk Tyler Walker San Jacinto Montgomery Hardin Liberty Sabine Jasper Newton Grimes Kimble Gillespie Terrell Presidio Brewster Kerr Val Verde Val Verde Edwards Real Bandera Washington Waller Austin Harris Chambers Orange Kendall Jefferson 10 Colorado Fort Bend Lavaca Guadalupe Bexar Kinney Uvalde Medina Wilson DeWitt Zavala Frio Atascosa Gonzales 59 Wharton Brazoria Galveston 37 Karnes Victoria Jackson Matagorda Maverick 35 Dimmit La Salle McMullen Live Oak Bee Goliad Calhoun Refugio 77Aransas San Patricio Nueces Webb Duval Jim Wells 281 Kleberg Operation LAREDO Zapata Jim Hogg Brooks Kenedy 77 Operation VALLEY STAR Starr Willacy Hidalgo Cameron . Federal Operation EL 84 PASO • Intelligence Based Hartley Moore Oldham Potter Deaf Smith Randall Parmer Castro Bailey Lamb Hale Cochran Hockley Lubbock Hutchinson Roberts Hemphill Carson Gray Wheeler Armstrong Donley Collingsworth Swisher Briscoe Hall Childress June –October 2006 $9. 2006 27 • Local. 2006 Operation EL PASO August 3-17.7m Hardeman Wilbarger Foard Wichita Clay Montague Knox Baylor Archer Floyd Motley Cottle Crosby Dickens King 287 Jack Wise Cooke Lamar Grayson Fannin Delta Franklin Titus Morris Cass Red River Bowie Yoakum Gaines Dona Ana Operation BIG BEND 84 87 Terry Lynn Garza Kent Dawson Borden Scurry Fisher Martin Howard Mitchell Nolan Stonewall Haskell Throckmorton Young Denton 35 Collin Hunt Rockwall Hopkins Rains 30 Wood Camp Jones Shackelford Stephens Palo Pinto Parker Tarrant Dallas Kaufman Van Zandt Upshur Marion Harrison Gregg Smith 20 Henderson Panola Rusk Hood Andrews Luna Taylor Callahan Eastland Johnson 20 Operation DEL RIO Erath Somervell Comanche Bosque Runnels Coleman Brown Hamilton 35W Hill Ellis 35E Navarro Cherokee El Paso Loving Winkler a Midland Glasscock Sterling Coke Anderson Freestone McLennan Coryell Limestone Leon Falls Lampasas Bell Shelby Nacogdoches San Augustine Houston Hidalgo Hudspeth Culberson Ward Crane Upton Reagan Irion 87 Tom Green Concho McCulloch Mills Reeves 20 Pecos 10 San Saba 35 Robertson Milam Brazos 45 Madison Operation DEL RIO June 2-27.

2007 Began January 2007 SOs throughout all participating counties .043.Operation WRANGLER $6. – Apr.937 Jan.

State and Federal Aviation / Maritime .33 Fixed Wing Aircraft .644 (Armed Border Security) Operation WRANGLER – 604 Guardsmen .4 Logistic Support Bases Total: 6894 personnel. 2200 vehicles Aviation – Maritime Assets Local.45 Helicopters .10 X Helicopters Operation WRANGLER (Day) .1707 personnel. 223 vehicles • Federal Law Enforcement .1854 Personnel.2 Quick Reaction Force Platoons .10 Security Platoons .35 Patrol Boats / Ships .6 X Fixed Wing US Coast Guard 3 X Helicopters 3 X Fixed Wing 8 X Patrol Boats Law Enforcement / Texas Military Forces • Local Law Enforcement .Operation WRANGLER Resources Texas DPS (Night) 4 X Helicopters Law Enforcement Agencies 90 Sheriff Departments 138 Police Departments DPS THP DPS CLE Texas Parks and Wildlife Texas Cattleman’s Asso ICE US Postal Service National Park Service Railroad Police TSA FBI DEA Texas CAP (Day) 6 X Fixed Wing Texas Parks and Wildlife 8 X Patrol Boats Texas Task Force .1 2 X Patrol Boats CBP Air & Marine (Day / Night) 23 X Helicopters 18 X Fixed Wing 17 X Patrol Boats Operation JUMP START (Night Operations) . 560 Vehicles •Texas Military Forces (Operations JUMP START) .604 personnel .356 (Armed Border Security) . 512 Vehicles • State Law Enforcement .2370 Personnel.359 personnel. 751 vehicles •Texas Military Forces (Operation WRANGLER) . 154 vehicles Texas Military Forces (Aviation Forces) Texas Military Forces (Ground Forces) Total Forces – 2311 (Operation JUMP START and WRANGLER) Operation JUMP START – 1707 Guardsmen .5 X Helicopters .

Local • Seamless sharing of information • Additional boots on the ground (overtime) • Rapid re-direction of resources and assets • Deployment of technology Operation BORDER STAR Border Operations Guadalu pe Wal ker .Texas Response ( 2008-2009) $110 million from 80th Texas Legislature has enabled: • Border-wide continuous operations with no break • Interagency participation Federal. State.

Texas Rangers and support personnel • 45 additional Game Wardens • Four state-of-the-art helicopters • Six Joint Operations Intelligence Centers to support coordinated patrol operations • A Border Security Operations Center to support borderwide information sharing and operations • Law enforcement equipment. body armor. radio communications towers and radios. four-wheel drive vehicles. such as in-car computers.Texas Response (2008-2009) Legislative funds provided: • 186 additional DPS Troopers. Investigators. and weapons • Overtime and operational costs for local and state law enforcement .

115 additional local enforcement hours • 472.572 additional Texas Parks and Wildlife Game Warden patrol hours • 10.644 additional Texas Highway Patrol hours • 49.Texas Response (2008-2009) Boots on the Ground Additional resources for overtime significantly increased patrol hours on the border: • 540.056 additional DPS Aviation hours .

Eagle Pass PD Maverick 37 Karnes Victoria Goliad 35 La Salle McMullen Live Oak Bee Calhoun Refugio Aransas 77 San Patricio Dimmit Webb Duval Jim Wells 281 Nueces Kleberg Coastal Bend Zapata Jim Hogg Brooks Kenedy 77 Starr Willacy Hidalgo Cameron Rio Grande Valley CBP EPIC HIDTA NPS DPS TPWD TMF Starr CO SO Hidalgo CO SO Cameron CO SO Willacy CO SO Kenedy CO SO Brooks CO SO Rio Grande City PD Edinburg PD McAllen PD Pharr PD Harlingen PD Hidalgo PD Hidalgo CO Cons Pct 1 Reeves CO SO Brownsville PD La Joya PD La Grulla PD Mercedes PD Mission PD Pearsall PD Raymondville PD Roma PD San Benito PD Sullivan PD Weslaco PD .Laredo Operation Border Star Participants Grant Dona Ana Otero Dallam Sherman Hansford Ochiltree Lipscomb Hartley Moore 287 Hutchinson Roberts Hemphill Oldham Potter Carson Gray Wheeler Deaf Smith 40 Castro Randall Armstrong Donley Collingsworth Parmer Swisher 27 Briscoe Hall Childress CBP EPIC DPS TPWD TMF Duval CO SO Frio CO SO Jim Hogg CO SO La Salle CO SO Webb CO SO Zapata CO SO Hardeman Wilbarger Foard Wichita Clay Laredo PD Pearsall PD Dilly PD Freer PD Frio PD Coastal Bend CBP EPIC HIDTA USCG NPS DPS TPWD TMF Nueces CO SO Live Oak CO SO San Patricio CO SO Bee CO SO Goliad CO SO Lamar Red River Delta Franklin Titus Morris Cass Bowie Bailey Lamb Hale Floyd Motley Cottle 46 Texas Counties 38 Local Police Departments Cochran Yoakum Gaines Andrews Luna El Paso Hidalgo Hudspeth Culberson Loving Winkler 84 Hockley Lubbock Crosby Dickens King Montague Knox Baylor Archer 287 Jack Wise Cooke Grayson Fannin Terry Lynn Garza Kent Stonewall Haskell Throckmorton Young Denton 35 Dallas Collin RGV Hunt Hopkins Rains Karnes CO SO Gonzales CO SO DeWitt CO Lavaca CO SO Refugio CO SO Jackson CO SO Victoria CO SO Calhoun CO SO Jim Wells CO SO Kleberg CO SO Aransas CO SO McMullen CO SO Corpus Christi PD Kingsville PD El Campo PD Victoria PD Seguin PD Rockwall Dawson 30 Wood Camp Upshur 87 Borden 8 Scurry 84 4 Mitchell Fisher Jones Shackelford Stephens Palo Pinto Parker Tarrant Marion Kaufman Hood Nolan Taylor Callahan Eastland Johnson Erath Somervell Van Zandt Harrison Gregg Martin Howard 20 Ector Midland Glasscock Sterling Comanche Coke Runnels Coleman Brown 35W Ellis 35E Hill Henderson Navarro Anderson Freestone 20 Smith Panola Rusk Cherokee Shelby Nacogdoches San Augustine Bosque Hamilton Ward Crane Upton Reagan Irion El Paso Reeves 20 Pecos 87 Green Tom Mills Concho McCulloch San Saba Lampasas Bell Coryell McLennan Limestone Leon Falls Houston Angelina Robertson Sabine 10 Schleicher Menard Mason Sutton Llano Jeff Davis 35 Milam Madison Polk Walker San Jacinto Grimes Tyler 45 Trinity Jasper Newton Burnet Williamson 10 Terrell Crockett Kimble Brazos Burleson CBP EPIC HIDTA DPS Big Bend TPWD TMF Culberson CO SO Doña Ana CO (NM) SO CBP EL Paso CO SO EPIC Grant CO (NM) SO HIDTA Hidalgo CO (NM) SO NPS Hudspeth CO SO DPS Luna CO (NM) SO TPWD Otero CO (NM) SO TMF Anthony PD Jeff Davis CO SO El Paso PD Presidio CO SO Horizon City PD Brewster CO SO Socorro PD Pecos CO SO Ysleta Tribal PD Terrell CO SO Fort Stockton PD Alpine PD. Pecos PD Presidio Blanco Gillespie Kerr Val Verde Val Verde Brewster Edwards Real Bandera Kendall Comal Hays Travis Bastrop Lee Washington Montgomery Liberty Waller Austin Hardin Orange Jefferson Chambers Caldwell Fayette Harris Guadalupe Kinney Uvalde Medina Bexar Wilson DeWitt Zavala Frio Atascosa Gonzales Lavaca Colorado 10 Fort Bend 59 Wharton Brazoria Jackson Matagorda Galveston Del Rio CBP EPIC HIDTA NPS DPS TPWD Laredo TMF Val Verde CO SO Uvalde CO SO Kinney CO SO Zavala CO SO Maverick CO SO Dimmit CO SO Real CO SO Edwards CO SO Del Rio PD. Presidio PD Marfa PD.

Develop recommendations. Prepare plans and directives Joint Operations and Intelligence Center Operational Direction Unified Executing Body Reports Ground Operations Border: BP / OFO County: SOs Highway: DPS Municipal: PDs ABTPA TF Air Operations CBP Air & Marine DPS Air CAP TX NG USCG Remote Operations TPWD Rangers Tick Riders USBP NPS Marine Operations TPWD CBP Air & Marine USCG Police Departments USBP Complementary Complementary Federal Private Operations Operations EPIC HIDTA NPS FBI USPS BNSF Union Pacific FedEx UPS Tick Riders . Determine trends.Unified Command BORDER STAR Unified Decision-Making Body USCG TxMF TxDPS Office of Field Operations Border Patrol County Sheriffs TPWD Police Depts TxDOT Unified Staffing Body Analyze intelligence.

053.436 .555 Cash = $105.805 IA Referrals to BP: 42.Impact from April 2006 – December 2009 Marijuana = 3.956.031 lbs Total Street Value $4.863 lbs Heroin = 693 lbs Meth = 3.509.337 lbs Cocaine = 49.912.

Way Forward 2010-2011 $116 million from 81st Texas Legislature will enable: • Continuation of Border Star patrol operations • Multi-agency gang intelligence section in the Texas Fusion Center • Increased resources for gang investigations and prosecutions • Additional local. Texas Military Forces patrol resources Operation BORDER STAR Border Operations Guadalu pe Wal ker . DPS. TPWD.

which is defined as violent acts against Texans to include extortion. CONPLAN BORDER STAR Cross-Border Violence CONPLAN 09-01 January 2009 . assault.Contingency Plans Each of the six Texas border security sectors has developed a contingency plan to address the potential for spillover violence into our state. kidnapping and murder as a direct or indirect result of the criminal enterprise activities of the Mexican organized crime cartels and their associates.

S.DPS Aviation Dallam Sherman Hansford Ochiltree Lipscomb Dallas Midland 4 Pilots Single Engine Airplane Helicopter Hardeman Wilbarger Foard Wichita Hartley 287 Potter Moore Hutchinson Roberts Hemphill Amarillo Lubbock 4 Pilots Single Engine Airplane Helicopter Grant Oldham Carson Gray Wheeler 2 Pilots 1 TFO Helicopter Deaf Smith 40 Castro 5 Pilots Single Engine Airplane Helicopter Randall Armstrong Donley Collingsworth Parmer Swisher 27 Hale Briscoe Hall Childress Waco Clay Montague Lamar Cooke Grayson Fannin Red River Bowie Baylor Archer Bailey 84 Lamb Floyd Motley Cottle Cochran Hockley Lubbock Crosby Dickens King Knox 287 Jack Wise 2 Pilots Helicopter Morris Cass Yoakum Terry Lynn Garza Kent Stonewall Haskell Throckmorton Young Denton 35 Collin Hunt Rockwall Dallas Delta Franklin Titus Hopkins Rains 30 Wood Camp Gaines Dawson 87 Borden 84 Scurry Fisher Jones Shackelford Stephens Palo Pinto Parker Tarrant Upshur Marion Kaufman Dona Ana Otero Andrews Martin Howard Mitchell Nolan Taylor Callahan Hood Van Zandt Harrison Gregg Austin Shelby Johnson 20 Brown Eastland Erath Somervell 35W Hill Ellis 20 Henderson Navarro Smith Panola Rusk Luna Comanche El Paso Hidalgo Hudspeth Culberson Ward Loving Winkler Ector Midland Glasscock Sterling Coke Runnels Coleman 35E Bosque Cherokee Anderson Hamilton Crane Upton Reagan Irion McCulloch San Saba Lampasas Bell Schleicher Pecos Jeff Davis Freestone McLennan Limestone Houston Leon Falls Nacogdoches San Augustine 87 Tom Green Concho Mills Coryell El Paso Reeves 20 7 Pilots. 1 TFO Single Engine Airplane Twin Engine Airplane Helicopter Sabine Newton 10 Menard 35 Robertson Milam Brazos Angelina 45 Madison Walker Trinity Jasper 10 Burnet Crockett Mason Llano Williamson Polk San Jacinto Grimes Tyler El Paso 2 Pilots 1 TFO Helicopter Terrell Presidio Val Verde Val Verde Brewster Sutton Kimble Blanco Gillespie Bastrop Kerr Edwards Real Bandera Kendall Fayette Comal Caldwell Hays Travis Lee Burleson Montgomery Washington Liberty Waller Austin Harris Chambers Jefferson Orange Hardin 10 Colorado Lavaca Guadalupe Bexar Kinney Uvalde Medina Wilson Gonzales Wharton 59 Jackson Fort Bend Galveston Houston 4 Pilots 1 TFO Single Engine Airplane Helicopter Brazoria DeWitt Big Bend Del Rio Maverick Zavala Frio Atascosa 37 Karnes Victoria Matagorda Alpine DPS Aviation Resources: Personnel: •46 Pilots •12 Tactical Flight Officers Assets: •13 AS-350 helicopters • 1 EC-145 twin-engine helicopter (only police helicopter of its kind in the U.) •7 single-engine airplanes •1 twin-engine airplane 35 Dimmit La Salle McMullen Live Oak Bee Goliad Calhoun Refugio 2 Pilots 1 TFO Helicopter Del Rio 2 Pilots 1 TFO Laredo Helicopter Webb Webb Duval 77 San Patricio Nueces Aransas Jim Wells 281 Coastal Bend Kleberg San Antonio 4 Pilots 1 TFO Single Engine Airplane Helicopter Zapata Jim Hogg Brooks Kenedy 77 Laredo 2 Pilots 1 TFO Helicopter Starr Willacy Hidalgo Corpus Christi Cameron McAllen 2 Pilots 1 TFO Rio Grande Valley Helicopter 4 Pilots 1 TFO. Airplane Helicopter .

EC-145 Helicopter Cost: $9.049.178 .

AS-350 (A-Star) Helicopter Cost: $2.430 .980.

TxMAP Common Operational Picture Technology .