THEARTOFWOODWORKING

HOMEWORI$HOP

WORKSHOP IDE GU
()F TOOLS DEVICES AND INVENTORY MEASURING

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MAKING MOLDING CROWN
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for Switch thesecond to thenrout profile thef irstboard. the repeating process each for andthirdbitsandboards, the profile. rip table saw, respective Next, each board your on is sothefirstboard thewidest thethirdthenarrowest. and Glue clamp boards and the together form molding. to the

THEARTOFWOODWORKING

KITCHEN CABTNETS

THE ART OF WOODWORKING

KITCHEN CABINETS

TIME-LIFE BOOKS ALEXANDRIA. VIRGlNIA PRESS ST.REMY MONTREAL

THE ARTOF WOODWORKINGwasproducedby ST. REMY PRESS PUBLISHER Kenneth Winchester PRESIDENT Pierre L6veill6
Pierre Home-Douglas Francine Lemieux Andrew Jones Jean-PierreBourgeois, Normand Boudreau Designers Frangois Daxhelet, )ean-Guy Doiron PictureEditor Genevidve Monette Writers John Dowling, Adam Van Sertima Contributing lllustrators Gilles Beauchemin,Michel Blais, Ronald Durepos, JacquesPerrault, Michael Stockdale, JamesThdrien Administrator Natalie Watanabe Production Manager Michelle Turbide Coordinator Dominique Gagn6 Coordinator Eric Beaulieu System Photographer Robert Chartier Proofreader Judy Yelon lndexer Christine M. Jacobs

THE CONSULTANTS
fon Eakes has been a cabinetmaker and custom renovator in Montreal for more than 20 years.He is known primarily for his teaching through books, videos, radio, and the TV show RenovationZone. Giles Miller-Mead taught advanced cabinetmaking at Montreal technical schools for more than ten years.A native of New Zealand, he has worked as a restorer of antique furniture.

Series Editor Series Director Art Editor Art Directors

Kitchen cabinets. p. cm.- (The Art of woodworking) Includes index. ISBN 0-8094-9545-7 l. Kitchen-cabinets.2. Cabinetwork. I. Time-Life Books. II. Series.

1996 TTr97.5.K57 684.1'6-dc20

9s-46501 CIP

Time-LifeBooksis a divisionof Time Life Inc., of a wholly ownedsubsidiary THE TIME INC. BOOK COMPANY

book, For informationaboutanyTime-Life please l-800-621-7026, write: call or Reader Information Service Time-LifeCustomer P.O. BoxC-32068 Richmond, Virginia 2326r-2068 @ 1996 Time-LifeBooksInc. All rights reserved. in No part of this book may be reproduced any form or by includinginformation or means, anyelectronic mechanical without prior writand retrievaldevices systems, or storage exceptthat brief passages ten permissionfrom the publisher, may be quotedfor reviews. Firstprinting.Printedin U.S.A. in Published simultaneously Canada. of TIME-LIFEis a trademark TimeWarnerInc. U.S.A.

TIME-LIFEINC.
President and CEO John M. Fahey

TIME-LIFEBOOKS
President ManagingEditor Directorof Design Directorof Editorial Operations Editor Consulting Vice-President, ook Production B Manager Production an QualityAssur ce M anager JohnD. Hall Roberta Conlan MichaelHentges EllenRobling JohnR. Sullivan Marjann Caldwell MarleneZack famesKing

CONTENTS
6 INTRODUCTION 12 14 17 19 23 LAYOUTAND DESIGN A galleryof kitchen styles Principles layout of Dimensioning Storypoles 98 100 L02 II2 115 118 I2O I22 123 I34 INSTALLING CABINETS Installation basics Installingthe lower cabinets Islands and peninsulas Installingthe upper cabinets Crown molding COTINTERTOPS A galleryof countertopsurfaces Installingcountertops Backsplashes edgetreatments and

26 CASEWORK 28 Anatomy of a kitchen cabinetcase 30 Buildingmaterials 33 Buildingthe cases and storage 38 Shelving 44 Assembling cabinets the frames 50 Face 56 DOORS 58 A galleryof cabinet door designs doors 60 Board-and-batten doors 62 Frame-and-panel 73 Mounting doors 78 80 83 87 93 DRAWERS Drawerconstruction Building drawers Drawerslides and runners False fronts and hardware

140 GTOSSARY T42 INDEX I44 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

INTRODUCTION

Tom Santarslero on

CHOOSING CABINET STYLE,S
espite tremendous the varietyof kitchencabinets, all comedown to two they

face Each characteristics greatly basic types: frame frameless. has and that affect
how the heartof the modernhomewill appear and function.For the designer, how the cabinets be created. cabinetmaker, installer, and theyalsodetermine will Faceframe cabinets the most populartype of kitchencabinetin North are America. Thistime-honored methodof construction involves attaching framework a of solidlumberto the front of a carcase. Doorsand drawers be mountedin can oneof threeways: inset,lipped, overlay. Inset, mostelegant appearance, in is or the a true testof a craftsman's in construction installation. Tight tolerances skill and arerequired accommodate to woodmovement yielda pleasing seasonal and margin between frameand door.During installation, mustbe setperfectly cabinets level and plumb to maintainthat margin.My clients who choose framedcabinets are veryinterested forginga link with thepast. in Theyappreciate classic of wellthe look fitted doorsand drawers that openwith ease close and with a gentlepuff of air as theynestwithin the frame.

Frameless cabinetry bornin Europe WorldWarII. It addressed was after some of thechallengesthetime, of such theshortage lumber theneed rebuild as of and to housing rapidly. simplicity theframeless,European, The kitchen greatly of or cabinet reduced material, needs, production and time.Doors wouldaligntightlytogether, flowing of casework. reflectedmodernist of achanged line creatingclean, a This a view worldwhere timewas shortandproduction efficiency and reigned This supreme. method yielded construction other benefits. Drawers could wideranddeeper be because didn'tneed clear face they to a frame. storage removal items And and of along with cleaning cabinet the interior became easier moreefficient. and Today, linebetween frame frameless the face has and casework blurred slightly. Frameless limited flush-laminate most theframecabinets nolonger are to doors; of less kitchens I buildfeature raised doors, panel traditional multi-part cornice moldings, andotheraccoutrements endowing kitchen warmth comfort. each with and For installing, maximizing building, storage, ease use, and of frameless cabinets be can't you'd prefer touchof timeless surpassed.on theotherhand, If, a in tradition your your kitchen, cabinets onlya face are frame away.

TomSantarsiero President is of theKtchenDesign Center in Montclair, NewJersey.

INTRODUCTION

DonaldSilvers discusses

KITCHENFORM AND FUNCTION
jugglingtwo requirements: I I n *y work asa kitchendesigner,am continually I creating spaces arebothwonderfulto that lookat anda pleasure workin. Form to andfunctionmustwork in tandem. past, Thiswasnot always case. years the In cabinetmakers designed who kitchens werevirtuallyunknown,sincethe homebuilder responsible creating was for the kitchenand its cabinets, oftenbroughtto the kitchenthe same and economy of means with which he built the restof the house. example, ceilingheightof For a quantities 8 feetandthreestuds spaced inches 16 apartcreated need large the for of plywood.The homebuilder it waseconomically felt soundto useleftoverplyvood for kitchen cabinets there so wouldbeno waste. base The were cabinets 22inches deep just andthewallcabinets were11to 12inches deep. These cabinets-really running shelves with doors-stubbornlyresisted form of change; any base cabinets didn't change a 24-inch to depthuntil thedevelopment dishwaihers of madeit necessary. In the kitchenenvironment today, of designing buildingkitchens much is and morethana wayof recycling leftover homebuilding materials. create To eye-catching residential kitchens, today's designers takena cuefrom the extraordinary have work of cabinetmakers. different The woodsandfinishes makeup thecabinetmaker's that palette providethefreedom conjure anystyle. to Wth histools,thecabinetmaker up might carve cherryor oakwoods, creating French English or Countrycabinets, or shape intimate an ArtsandCrafts kitchen beech. couldfashion Art Decolook in He an in the richness walnut, anArt Nouveau, of or Victorian, EarlyAmerican look in or a variety woods-pine, ash, of maple, mahogany, namea few Thecabinetmaker or to puttingat hisdisposal entirecolorspectrum. mighteven work with laminates, the And let'snot forget stains produce array hues the that an of andpatinas. range The is of choices breathtaking. The cabinetmaker alsomadethe cook's a delightby incorporating has life the job right kind of accessories canmakethe cook's easier, that evenfun. For example, therearedrawers roll-outswith hardware gives cookfingertipcontrol, and that the pantries that areonly a foot wide yet 84 inches tall,providingenormous storage whenpulledout of a wallcabinet with ease. Moreandmore, kitchen the designer of today drawing thepast thepresent create kitchen is on and to a environment looks that and cooksbeautifully.

DonaldSilvers a kitchen is designer teaches the who at University Californiaat LosAngeles. is theauthorof of He TheComplete GuideTo Kitchen Design With Cooking In Mind, published TheNewarkManagement by Institute.

INTRODUCTION

Hansontalksabout Sven

ASMOOTH INSTALLATION
need installation lookgoodandfunction to well. itchen cabinets top-quality of cabinets corner theshop, Unlikefinefurniturethatcanlookgoodin adusty installed. we don'tcome life until aftertheyhave to been Unfortunately, tendto put it in off considering problems installation the of because happens anunfamiliar needed build thecabinets. and skillsdifferent fromthose to environment requires plan, problems, with andstickto a detailed installation cirawn Toavoid start these you Don to it up wellbefore cabinets finished. t betempted change because the are instead the36-inch youoriginally of one suddenly a 42-inch like drop-incooktop planned Thiswill force to modifrtherange you base, bothadjacent cabinets, for. to table andtheirdrawers. farmoreefficient bringallparties thenegotiating It's to you andmake kindof decision that before buildthecabinets. your you Youwill getto practice psychological when announce therest skills to for whilethenewcabinets of thehousehold thektchenwill beclosed a fewdays that goin. Tryto keep blockade for Above all, the shortandtimedconveniently everyone. just pit your newkitchenready before do not fall into the snake of trying to have "if goes investing oneof those everything to plan" in Thanksgiving Christmas, or whileconvincing them schedules. However, youplanto getrid of yourin-laws if youarethecomplete theythought, idiot success beckons. There no rightor wrongwayto installcabinets.liketo install level is I and the plinths thelower for the before installation the begins. sheer For cabinets afternoon pointof level exhaustion, crawling around floorto setallthebases to thehighest the frommostwoodworking chores. following The morning, I thefloor stands apart first, As in installtheuppercabinets thenthelowercabinets. I screw cabinets the "idiot" place,I for Nothing louder always double-check levelness. says thana tilting made 4-milplastic sinkor cooktop. Duringinstallation,dustcurtain a of sheeting can repel would-be while most noise contained. furTo snackers keeping dustandsome shouldblock anyairducts open kitchen and the window crack a therreduce dust,you Finally, observed I've many first-time installers use who surprisingly tools. few I relyon manymoreandlaythemout on a temporary workbench at theedge set is fromthejob site, a of theroom.Ifyourshop apart startmaking listof theinstalyou're construaing cabinets.Visualizing helps lationtools while still the theinstallation your to fabricate cabinet istruly ready installandhelps a that to organize tools(and mindset) finishthejob properly. 25years never to In I've heard single a woodworker "I say, wishI hadn't wasted muchtimepreparing thatjobJ' so for

Hansonis a cabinetmaker Sven Ne'w in Albuquerque, Mexico.

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IAOUTATDDESIGN
incecolonialdavs. American for the orovided work.Thekitchenisa workkitchen beenthoughtofas the has ihop like anyother,and shouldbe laid heartof thehome.It is thefirst room a out with efficiency mind. Youwould in familyshares eachday;it is not only the not think of locating tablesawanda the place planerat opposite where meals prepared, also are but endsof a workshop; wheretheyareofteneaten. kitchen The theprimaryworkcenters a kitchenof is wherechildrenand adultsdo their in mostcases, sink,refrigerator, the and homework,and wherethey lingerfor stove/cooking area-are no different. (page areonewayto Yet, conversation. although roleof the Worktriangles 17) the kitchenhasnot changed three in minimizethe trips between three. the centuries, appearance Once, its has. Arriving at an efficientlayout for a pipes drainofa kitchen cookingwasdoneby the centralfireThesupply and kitchenin a confinedspace bea chalcan place, thelarder and wasstored against sinkaremarked thewallwith theaid lenge. Invariably, sizeand location on the wall. Today, The willhaveto be the cold,north-facing a of a carpenter\ (above). precise of your kitchen level cabinets kitchenmust be carefullyplannedto flexibleenoughto accommodate location the of fixtures thenbe will the meetthe demands a busyhousehold, location appliances, of marked ontovertical andhorizontal site of utilities, windows, poles andto accommodatebatteryof labora story before being transferred the to and doors. selection A ofbasiclayout poles thesinkcabinet saving devices. chapter This focuses on story itself. optionsis shownon page18.Drafting for thework of today's kitchen-especialscale floor plansandelevations help can ly its cabinetry-introducespopulardesigns, outlines you visualize and your layout;floor plansandelevations a typfor principles willhelp you create kitchenthat ical L-shaped kitchenareshownon page20. Onceyou have some basic that a your needs. meets you settled theplacement your cabinets, candividetheir on of A kitchendesign runsinto individualcabinets drawers. oftenstarts a naturalextension as ofthe and Whilemostkitchen architectural styleof a house. astrim, molding,and furcabinets adhere basic to dimensional standards inheight (page Just nishings distinguish homeasbeingVictorian Colonial, 19),their width and numberof doorscanbe fine tunedto can a or cabinet doors,molding,andhardware define styleof a can the reach visuallywell-balanced a kitchendesign(page 22). kitchen.For example, Victorianis an opulentstylemarkedby Accuracy crucialwhen draftingfloor plansand elevais porcelain pulls,andexposed tions.A site-referenced pole(page tellsyou everycomplex egg-and-dart molding, 24) story hinges, while Shaker is a modelof austerity, relyingon you needto know abouta kitchenwall in precise style thing detail, recessed frame-and-panel including location size thecabinets. using simple, doors, absence moldan of the and of By these ing, and the muted colorsof milk paint.A galleryof kitchen smalllengthsof wood for eachwall and cabinet, you can styles from traditional modernis shown to starting page on 14. proceed from floor plan to cuttinglist with a minimum of you choose traditional Whether a architectural for your style errors.From thereto your dreamkitchenit is only a few kitchenor a blendof severalstyles, adequate room mustbe morecareful steos.

Drawingyour kitchento scale thebest is wayto experiment with its layout.Thephotoat leftshows Jloorplan of an L-shaped the kitchen, includingthelocation cabinets, of windows, appliances, utilities. and

13

A GALLERY KITCHEN STYLES OF
your reflect should \ [ f hileakitchen Y V personal culinaryneedsand not its should bechosen tastes, design withoutfirst addressingfewimpora Wiil tant questions. thestylecomplewith of mentor clash therest thehouse SHAKER but Manykitchens Shaker-inspired, are as to Shaker asthis style feware faithful architect Charles Allen house designedby Withtheir recessed Hill. flat frame-andpanel achew ornamendoors, cabinets the elegant tation, evoke Shalcer's yet and the There's a pegboard even utilitarianethic. overtherange. A kitchen architecturally?Victorian in wouldlookout of place a modern with furniture. house decorated Mission important considerBudget another is for ation.Thelumbercosts alone an kitchen with cherfuts andCrafts-swle ry cabinets frame-and-panel doors and of Popular, are beyond reach many. the lessexpensive optionsincludethe kitchen, whichuses stanEuropean-style dardized melamine cabinets, the or kitchen, whichrustic in Country-style

VICTORIAN Less opulent than its namesake, this designed Maine architect by kitchen nonetheless sevlohn Gillespie features mostnotabf eralhallmarlsof thestyle, with tongue-andtall uppercabinets groove brass doors, surface-mounted pulls. Notethe hinges, porcelain and way the Victori an motifs-cr own molding ornatecolumns arches and -are carriedinto adjoining areas of thehouse.

LAYOUT AND DESIGN

charm can be derivedfrom the minor defects ofaged,recycled wood. A kitchendesign doesnot have be to faithful to a singlestyle.As the gallery pages the charton page16 and on these show,several styles can be combined EUROPEAN Its hardware of sight,theEuropeanout stylecabinet defines modern the kitchen. Itsclean, unadorned linesareenhanced by recessed kghting plentyofuncluxered and laminatecountertop. Subtle touches by Maine designer suchasthe JohnScholtz, porcelain trim friezeand bacl<splash and theladderback Shaker chairs, lenda warm toneto theimmaculate decor.

with a careful to create unique of therightmaterials also a can eye unifr a Blending your contrasting kitchen thesurroundwith design. styles make can for designmore flexible:Shaker-style ing house. Cherry cabinets, examkitchens well-adaptedthemodu- ple,canprovide graceful to are a transition larconstruction European-style of cab- between European-style a kitchen and inetry(page26). discerning The choice a Colonial farmhouse.

c0t0NtAt
Thisisan ecleaic stylethat canbeevoked asmuchby decoration by actualcabias netry.Framedby exposed timbers,the kitchen left,designed Steven at by Foote of Boston,is a pleasingly modernupdate on thestyle. brick,pineplankfloors, The and leaded glazingintheupper wallcabinets contribute a colonial all to ambiance. A moreexplicitreference thestylecan to be in the doors found frame-and-panel with oversized knobs.

l5

LAYOUT ANI) DESIGN

()FPERI()D STYLES DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS
C()UNTRY STYLE

Kaieed frameand-panel door

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Wrought iron hingeoand pullo Woodenpull Eutterfly hinge
Pierced tin panel

SHAKER

Keceseed panel door with pinned mortise and tenon jointe

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ARTS AND CRAFTS

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Leaded glazed window

VICT()RIAN

9urfacemounted braee door hingea

Porcelainpull

Egg-and-dart molding

PRINCIPLES LAYOUT OF
kitchen depends on A successful A threethings:sufficient space to work, adequate lighting overthe sink andcooking areas, cabinets and arranged so that everything from the cutleryto thebreadbox at hand.Sometimes is the area destined thekitchen woefulfor is ly inadequate the first of these in three planneeds, Still,with a little creative ning,a functional kitchen canbi laid out in thetightest ofspaces. Thecornerstone kitchen layoutis of positioning stove, the refrigerator, and sinksotheyform a triangle(below).The smaller triangle, moreefficient the the theuseof space. theillustrations As on page18 show,thereareseveral layout optionsfor a kitchen. The mostpopular of these, the U- and L-shaped designs, allowfor efficient work triangles. largekitchencanbenefitfrom A theadditionof an island, whichtightens the work trianglewhile freeingup counter space. Conversely, a single wall or corridor-style layoutmakes best the useof a smallspace. All appliances fixtures and comewith dimensional requirements theirown of thatshould taken be into consideration beforetheir positions fixed.For are example, sink shouldhavecounter a space ofabout 30 inches each on side for washing dishes; stove a should have 20 to 24 inches ofspace both sides on for uncluttered andsafecooking. The doorsof refrigerators, dishwashers, and ovens create furtherdemand space; for these appliances should positioned be fully open.

WORK TRIANGLES

U-ahaped

Laying anetficient out kitchen Thethree diagrams shown above demonstrate to apply how the principle thework of triangle three for different kitchen layouts. For maximum efficiency, perimeterthetriangle the of should notexceed feet; than20 feetis ideal. your 25 Iess Plan layout your byfirstdrawing kitchen scale, sketch theapplito then in

ances different in arrangements youcome withaneffiuntil up cient satisfactoryof space. possible, outthekitchen and use lf lay sothework triangles clear household are of traffic. further For ease movement, sure of make there at least inches clearis 36 of ance around peninsulaisland. any or

LAYOUT AND DESIGN

(lFKITCHEN LAYOUT OPTI(INS A SELECTION
SINGLEWALL Oood for a amall apartment with emallappliancee

U.5HAPED Themoat efficient
and veraatilekitchen layout; two blind cornere can be a diaad' vantaqeae they take up valuableopace

CORRIDOR More efficient than einqlewall layout; through traffic can be a problem

L.qHAPED More efficient than either corridor or layout; ein4le-wall worktrtanqlecan be kept emalland coun' tera continuoua

L.5HAPED WITHI?LAND )ffere more efficient work trianqle than eimpleL-ohaped layouL;createe oeparate cooktn1area

DIMENSIONING
measurements kitchen for Q tandard r.J cabinets derived from human are anatomy. example, For countertops are for whenthey comfortable most users arewaist-high-typically,threefeetoff the floor. Subtracting four-and-a-half inches a kickolate for and one-and-ahalf inches thi countertoD for leaves a 30-inch-high cabinet. are Uppercabinets usually shallower for thanbottomones easier access the to countertop. general of thumb for A rule uppercabinets to positionthebottom is of thelowest cabinet shoulder height. at This will fluctuateto allow for a range hood overthe stoveor for mountine appliances usedto crowdthe counl that tertop,suchasmicrowaves. canalso You leave few inches a beneath cabinets the to accommodate lighting.Allow for an inch or two at the top of the ceilingto addmolding. you Once have determined height the and depthof cabinets, can start you dividingtherunson your floor planand elevations individual into cases face with frames, doors,and drawers(page 22). Startby positioningthe sink and any othermajorappliances therun, then in dividetheremainder therun into cabof inets. Depending yourkitchenneeds, on these cabinets belarge small, can or with oneor two doors; theycouldalsoconsist ofa bankofdrawers. visual For balance andease production, to make of try the proportional, thewidth of a cabinets so large, two-doorcabinet twicethat of a is smaller, one-doorcabineu 30-38inchesis a good width to work with for a Iargecabinet. Also takecareto match the upperand lowerruns.For sample floorplans elevations L-shaped and ofan kitchen, pages see 20-21.

STANDARD KITCHEN CABINET PR()P(!RTI(|NS DIMENSIONS AND

cabinet

Varies with heiqhtof kitchen ceilin4

30-40
inchea

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15 inchea minimum Counterbop

24-26 inchee

Eackaplaah

32-33
incheo

Lower cabinet

LAYOUTAND DESIGN

KITCHEN'S SH(]RT WAIL VIEW FAGE-ON OFANI-SHAPED

WALL FACE-ON OTIONGER VIEW

LAYOUTAND DESIGN

LAYOUTAND DESIGN

DIVIDING RUN A

2-inah sPaae

The illuatration below showahowto dividea lower and upperrun of cabinete. ln the lowerrun, the diahwasher and ainkare then the reat poeiLioned,

of the run ia divided into equalcaaee.Next, the caeee are divided into draweraand doors. ln thie example,the upper cabinet run ia also divided

to match the lowerrun. For different matchtng effecte, aeeLhe illuatration at the bottom of the paqe.

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24 inahea

00 0

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4-8 inchea wider :,Double eaee ',13-19 than aink I,inchea wide "

;,)ingle i,Double qase i c a e e1 O "1 3 ' 1 9 i :,inohes i,incheo,',1ide iwide

MATCHING AND UPPER TOWER CABINETS

Matahing top run to bottom

Matahing bottom run to top

Staggered run

zz

POLES STORY
are of Q tory poles a method measurrJ ingkitchen accurately a for cabinets master cuttinglist withoutrelying a on have tapemeasure ruler.Carpenters or beenlayingout entirehomeson these long, narrowsticksof wood for centuries,and this tried-and-true method advantages standard offersseveral over measuring For techniques. one,all measurements marked full-size, are out making an error-free cuttinglist easier to than calculate from scale drawings. alsoallowyouto visualize Storypoles By construction detailsmore easilv. marking measurementseach for the cabineton thesticks have exact you pican tureof each cabinet; lengths, widths,and positions ofjointscanallbemarked later on the stockdirectly, without a tape measure introducing error.For ease of handling, makeyour storypolesfrom wood t/+ inchto 3/+ thickandabout inch 1r/:inches wide.Tosee oencil the marks wood. better, light-colored use Whenlaying a kitchen, story out site polesarefirst completed eachwall for 24). of the kitchen(pnge On the horizontalstorypole,thelocation ofeverything alongthat wall is marked: the in appliances and cabinets the run, doors,windows,and anyelectrical or plumbingfixtures suchasoutlets sink or photo,page13).The vertical pipes(see storypoleshows heightof thekickthe plate, lowercabinet, countertop, backsplash,upper cabinet, and ceiling molding,aswell asany windowsand plumbing electricalor fixtures. depth A storypoleprovides depthof kickthe plate, cabinet, countertop and overhang. Oncethe kitchenhasbeenlaid out individualstory poles on story poles, for 25). arecreated each cabinet(page For maximumaccuracy, eachcabinet shouldhavethreesmaller storypoles: height,width, and depth,each ieferenced the respective storypole. to site These shorter storypoles willtellyou (right) the dimensions your cabinets of whenit comes time to compile masthe ter cutting list (page 32).

CABINET STORY POLES

Depthatory pole lndicatea depthof cabinet,kickplate, counterLop overhan1, and nailinq raile

Width at'ory pole lndicateawidth of cabinet,Iocationof drawera and doora, and any intermediate face frame attles. Aloo may indicate cutouta for electrical or plumbinq eervicee

Height etory pole lndicatea heiqhLof cabinet, kickplate,countertop, and any drawer frame raila.Alao may indicaLe cutouts for electricalor plumbina eervicea

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LAYOUTAND DESIGN

WITHSTORY POLES LAYING A KITCHEN OUT

I U s r n g h a l k s k e t c h f u l l - s i z o u t l i n e f y o u rk i t c h e na y c , a e o l o u t o n t h e s i t ef l o o r .M a r kb o t ht h e u p p e r n d l o w e r a b i n e t a c r u n s ,i n d i c a t i nw h i c hc a s e s i l l b e c a b i n e ta n dw h i c hw i l l g w s T b e a p p l i a n c e s .h e nc r e a t e h o r i z o n t a li t es t o r yp o l ef o r a s n e a c hw a l l i n t h e k i t c h e nO nt h e p o l e ,m a r kt h e l o c a t i o o f a l l . lf cabinets both runs(above) anydoors windows. the in and or k i t c h e n a l l i s u n u s u a l lly n g , o uc a nj o i nt w o s t i c k s o g e t h e r w o y t
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/-

Making vertical poles site
F l o o r s n dc e i l i n g a r eo f t e nn o tf l a t o r l e v e ls o y o un e e d o , t a s k n o wt h e m i n i m u m i s t a n c e e t w e et h e t w ot o p l a nt h e h e i g h t d b n l i o f y o u rc a b i n e t s . t r i k e l e v e r e f e r e n cl en eo n t h e w a l l s r o u n d S a a t h e k i t c h e nT h e nf i n d t h e h i g hp o i n to f t h e f l o o ra n d h o l dt h e . p v e r t i c as i t e s t o r yp o l ea t t h i s p o i n t , l u m bt o t h e r e f e r e n c e l l i n e .S e ta c o m p a sts t h e h e i g h o f t h e k i c k p l a t e n d m a r k o t a . t h i s p o i n to n t h e s t o r yp o l e( r i g h t ) U s et h e c o m p a s so m a k e t m t t a a s i m i l a r a r kt o r e c o r dh e h e i g h o f a n y m o l d i n g t t h e t o p o r o f t h e p o l e .N o wm a r kt h e h e i g h t f t h e u p p e r n d l o w e c a b a i n e t s n t h e v e r t i c ap o l e , s w e l la st h e l o c a t i oo f a n yw i n l n o a , d o w s n t h a t w a l l .L a s t l yc r e a t e d e p t hs t o r yp o l ef o r t h e w a l l o a i n d i c a t i n t h e d e p t ho f t h e c a b i n e t s n da n yo t h e r e a t u r eo n g f s a t h e w a l la d i a c e ntto t h e r u n .

1 A L.+

LAYOUTAND DESIGN

Locating electrical and plumbing services
U s ea c a r p e n t e r 'ls v e l o d r a wp l u m b e t l i n e s r o mt h e l o c a t i oo f a n yp l u m b i n g f n or electrical services the levelreference to line (right). Transfer theselocations the to for horizontal vertical and site storypoles t h e r un .

<'1 , c - R ^ ,b t-' {^\Q, $\
Creating cabinet poles story
M a k eh o r i z o n t a l e r t i c a la n d d e p t h v, ,
z /'\

/ / :

a-\

\z--J

u

/'1

Horizontal

t QRb t

cabineL I

r-

erort'Pote

{-\F ' $sJ
\_/r

B3 DRAWERS

B5 DRAWERS

poles each story for cabinet, reference then each itsrespective pole therun to site for t h ec a b i n e s i n . I n t h ee x a m p se o w n it lh at left,thehorizontal pole a bank story for of drawers being is referencedits horito zontal pole. Mark thedetails site out of thecabinetin thiscase, face the frame r a i l s n d t i l e sw i t h i nh ec a b i n e ti d t h . a s t w 0n thevertical pole, story mark height the of thekickplate, countertop, backsplash, upper cabinet, ceiling and molding, well as asanywindows electrical plumband or ingservices. thedepth kickplate, Mark of cabinet, countertop and overhang the on pole. sure label poles depth Be to all caref ully avoid usion to conf later.

25

rt

-'t

CASEWORK
are andotherhardware thenbeadded can to uilt-in kitchencabinets relacreate appropriate an style. tivelyrecentarrivalsin domestic I kitchens. Traditionally, kitchencupWhile the wide availability mateof rialssuchasmediumdensity fiberboard boardswere freestanding units with frame-and-panel and hassimplifiedcasework, sheetgoods construction face in heel:their edges frames, muchlike the chinacabinet still havean Achilles' theparlor. by theturn ofthe centuYet areunattractive needto be hidden. and ry, the switchto built-ins had already Laminate boardcanbeedged with hardduring the postwoodstrips(page 48)orlaminate edge begun.It accelerated when banding(page Thetraditionalface a9). WW II housing boomin Europe, frame(page a solid-wood 50), frameconthe construction millions of new of An appliance is a tidy way to keep bay sisting ofrailsandstiles is attached that homespromptedthe development of Blenders, is new wood products, tools,and techa countertop of clutter. to thefront of thefinished case, anothfree niquesthat saved laborand materials. cffie makers, toasters, other and small er wayto hidethe edges man-made of No room in the house from appliances bekeptout of sight can boards. Moreimportantly, face the frame benefitted morethan the kitchen. but readilyaccessible. Whilethe can impart a traditional,handcrafted these advances partiThedevelopment pll.rvood, of appliance shownabove bay feelto the kitchen. features fiberboard, othermanulouvered doors, and cleboard, and space besaved can Shelving storage keyconsidare (page40). goods madeassemblyJine in For factured sheet by usingtambourdoors erations casework construction. productionof largeand rigid cabinets example, bankof graduated a drawerspossible. The European32-millimetersystem-so called theidealsolutionforcutleryandkitchenutensils-shouldnot alltheholes drawer for slides, dowels, shelf supports, be an afterthought you areusingface if frames your cabion because andhinges spaced millimeters are 32 apart-was revolution- nets.(For moreon drawers, chapter see three.)Adjustable (page canaddflexibilityto your cabinets, predrilled Its melamine cabinets offered shelves 38) enabling aryin design. modular, flexibility. alsomadethemodernkitchen It afford- you to storeoversized goods adaptto changing and unparalleled bulk culihomecouldnowbeoutfittedwith naryneeds. Theyarealsosimpleto installif you drill the supable:Even mostmodest the kitchencabinets. port holes Anothermodernstorage a full complement sleek of before assembling cases. the (page makes lazySusan 42), gooduseof a perennial Building these cases mainlya matterof cuttingthestock idea, is the joining it usingoneof the techniques to sizeand then shown weakspotin thekitchen: lowercornercupboard. applithe An piece case33 3 bay above page is a separate and 40) on pages to 37;thecharton page I will helpyou choose ance (photo of from available materials. Face frames. doors,drawerfronts, work in its own rieht.

l.-,,*rT:
ih

M{
-ffi

Accurately cutting sheetgoods to size can be a tricky task. In the photo at left, a panel-cutting circular saw attachment is being usedto rip a sheetof melamine modelshownfeatures T-square-type a for a kitchen cabinet. The Exqct-T-Guide guide that rides in a U-shapedchannelscrewedto the edgeof a plywood base.

27

ANATOMYOF A KITCHENCABINETCASE
as cabinets should kept be f1 itchen goods as Using A. basic possible. sheet joinery (page andsimple techniques 31) of will keep timeandexpensebuildthe worthof ing andinstalling kitchen's a Although their to cabinets a minimum. it issimple, isimportant construction Drawers, be thatthecases well-built. will doors, countertops allbeeasier and is straight, to fit if thecaseworkstrong, a littleextra time andsquare. Spending will muchfrusin thebuilding stage save during installation. tration
The anatomies belowand on the facingpageshowbasiccabinetconfrom Use struction. the measurements 25) your cabinetstory poles(page to cut the stockfor eachcabinetto size. The sides ofthe bottom cabinetcan extend right down to the floor,or you 44) can install levelerlegs (page that kickplate. this At will hold a clip-on time, it is a good ideato cut all the grooves the back panels, for and to shelving boreholesfor anyadjustable (page 38). Ifyou areaftera traditionallook, solid-woodfaceframescanbe added are afterthe cabinets built. If you do not face the edge of choose frames, exposed must with some theolr.r,vood becovered laminate solid or either sorfo?banding, are ways join to wood.Whiiethere many efficiency favors certainmethboards, lock miter,tongue-andods.Biscuit, jointsandready-to-assemble--or groove can RTA-fasteners, all be usedto projointsthat combine ease instalof duce lationwith accuracy strength. and

UPPER CASES

Holea for adjuotable shelving

CASEWORK

LOWER CASES

Counteftop nailer

\

Face frame (paqe 50)

RTAfastener

Eiaauit joint

Loak miter joint

BUILDINGMME,RIALS
f were all raditionally, cabinets built wood.But close I entirelv oisolid examination anticuefurniturecan of Yesterday's offeran instructive suiprise. woodworkers oftenusedless attractive woodslike poplarandpinefor hidden partssuchasdrawersides and cabinet walwas backs;there no pointin putting nut andcherry where wouldnever it be Today, cabinetmakers stillsave the seen. fronts, cherryandwalnutfor thedrawer goods theyrelyon man-made sheet but Not for theinsides thecabinets. onlydo of resources, theysave moneyandconserve wood goods alsooutperform but sheet in termsof dimensional stability. Thechartbelowoffers overview an of materials in makingkitchen different used to cabinets, from melamine plyr,vood to hasits own strengths solidwood.Each is The and weaknesses. challenee to the product eachiompofor choose best nentandfor the style ofyour cabinets.

to Fromtheeconomical theexpensive, goods available is a uast arrayof sheet The for usein casework. photoat left goods, of includshows selection sheet e partiingsamples melamine-coated of density cleboard, medium fiberboard, and veneered olvwood.

MATERIATS CASEWORK
MATERIAL RELATIVE C()ST CHARACTERISTICS

PLYWOOD GABINET-GRADE (softwood veneer core) Moderate Rotary cut hardwood veneer Hieh Plainsawn veneer WOOD SOLID Cheny Moderate

not very and stable; veneer asattractive Easy work, strong dimensionally face to with wood; needs sanding. little variety. Edges must faced solid be asplainsawn veneer resembles edge-joined boards. as but Same above face

ash Oak, Maple, birch Walnut poplar, Pine, alder C()MPOSITE Medium density (MDF) fiberboard

color with cabinet woods. Reddish-brown darkens age; One thefinest of natural finishes Moderately icultto work; well. diff f inegrained texture accepts resins thewood leave in can burn marks. accepts natural finishes well. hardwoods prominent, grain; with open Moderate low Strong, to stable finish. Density can that a Moderate low Straight-grained, hardwoods providesmooth to stable in woods to maple particular blunt can tools. make these difficult work; worked all hand with wood color grain; and easily Moderatehigh Choice to cabinet withrich finishes well. tools; accepts natural andpower yet woods, justasstable. to work also Easy but easily Much ihanabove LOW softer figure; finished paint. with Very typically damaged. little Moderate or stable; easy shape, groove; Strong dimensionally edges to rout, and or with with face Can available plywood veneers. befinished painted little fumes when sawn; of use Some varieties emittoxic can or nosanding. tools carbidetipped is recommended. poorly. holds fasteners More difficult less and thanMDF; Slightly strong stable with face and available plywood veneers. to work finish; plastic with or board surfaced a hard Common for plywood particle term in of Tough long-lasting; asstrong and only laminate; comes a variety colors. asitssubstrate.

Particleboard Melamine

Low Moderate

30

CASEWORK

TYPES PLYWOOD OF

Types plywood of p y d is covered o r m e d i u m e n s i tfy b e r b o a rL u m b e r - c o rle w o oh o l d s d i d. Thebasic design all plywood thesame: core of a p r e f e r a bwe e r e d d i t i o n a l l h a s a on bothsides layers crossbanding a faceveneer. n a i l s n ds c r e wb e s t n di s by of and a "Cabinet-quality" plywoods plywoods strength flatness required. All and are Themost common hasa veneer type core. softwood face for surwarp-resistant, and withsuoerior veneers recommendedvisible are aremade thisway, andtheyarestable, plywoods also made faces. There twobroad are catinexpensive. Hardwood can be withsolid faces such doors drawer as and plywood: sawn plainsawn. ply rotary and lumber particleboard Themiddle of lumber-coreegories cabinet-quality of or cores. pl plywood l narrow wood-usu- W h i l e q u ailn s t r e n g t p l a i n s a w ny w o o d nr e s e m bae e h, ca consists several of strips solid of g l u e d - u p l i d o o d a n e l , h i l e o t a rs a w n e n e e s e a s i l y p poplar, basswood-edge-glued v ir so w w r y allymahogany, or together. plywood a solid ied Particleboard-core has core particleboardidentif asplywood. of

PLYWOOD VENEER FACE GRADES
HARDWOOD PTYWOOD Premium Face veneer well-matched with seams andsmooth surface; made specific of hardwood, aswalnut mahogany. such or Even color grain and Face veneer Good similar premium, to butnotaswellmatched. of Free in and sharp contrastscolor grain Sound Face veneer smooth, notmatched but forcolor grain; or defects on back only veneer. Generally intended painting for grain may Veneers rough have and knotholes to %inch, wellas have up as some discoloration, staining, slight and for splits, matched color grain Not or Mayhave larger defects utility than panel grade, none impair but that strength. matched color grain Not for or PTYW()OD S()FTWOOD Sanded smooth; take can finish; face veneer matched for a clear grain color, of open free defects and Sanded smooth; takea natural can painted finish, is more but often may Smooth sanded; have and minor splits grain, Smooth; have may some broken sanding defects knotholes to and up % inch Sanded; similar C grade, knotto but holes solits smaller and are plies back mainly inner for Used and veneer; have may knotholes to up 2%inches

c
C Plugged D

Utility

Back

Specialty Made order meet to to specific panels requirements, asseparate such grain withmatching patterns

3l

CASEWORK

CASE

22%"

I I
I I
I
i

Nailer:4@ 2B%"X 4" X%" Baak panel: 3U/''X 29',1" X',/" 1ide:2@ X 51t/r" 22" X'/o" Stile:2@ X 31'/"" 2" X'/o" Median rail: 271" X 2" X%" Rail:2@ 26',/;'X 2" X%"

FRAME FACE

31%"

I

list Making cutting a list cutting fora kitchen Making master a l f u l l o f c a b i n e tm a y e e mi k ea d a u n t i n g s s yet about been scrupulous task, if youhave cabifor marking accurate poles allyour story a cutting is relatively list nets, then deducing list Write cutting straightforward. a separate (lefil.f,Aake card cabinet an index on foreach a and of a rough sketch thecabinet jot down takand listof allthecomponents materials, from ingtheirmeasurements thecabinet's (page Toavoid poles laier confusion 2fl story the as sure the on,make to label card same your list The cutting canthen cabinet. master listbased becalculated ontherequirements up To things at the edonallthecards. speed you separate wish create to lumberyard, may stock sheet and stock. master forsolid lists

BOARD ESTIMATING FEET BOARD CATCULATING FEET
foot 0rdering lumber theboard by used foot"isa unitof measurement to The"board lt of of amount stock. the calculate volume a given lumber. shown As iscommonly withhardwood used board the at in the illustration righi, standard footis thick, inches 12 that equivalent piece is I inch to a the long. wide, 12 inches Tocalculate number and its multiply three feet of of board in a piece wood, by Then, divide result 144 the together. dimensions are or if thedrmensronsin inches, by12 if justone isin dimension feet. board: for Theformula a standard + I44 = I 1"x 12"xI2" ( o r "x 1 2 " 1 ' + 1 2= 1 ) 1 x plank thick a So,if youhad 6{oot-long thatis 1 inch you the wide, would calculate board and4 inches feet). feetasfollows: " x 4" x 6' + 12= 2 (or2 board 1 intheillustration. are Other examoles shown feet on Remember board arecalculated the that actual dimensions rather than basis thenominal of feet consequently, board containec the of thestock; ll|-by-3/zinches measures in a2-by-4 actually that dimensions. using would calculated thelarger be
1"x 12"x 12"= 1 aLandardboard foot

Rt

2-by-6=Bboardfeet 2-by-4 = 5% board feet 1-W12=Bboardfeet 1-W-6=4boardfeet 1-W-3=2boardfeet

32

BUILDINGTHE CASES
a A fter you havecalculated master f\ cuttinglistfor your cabiners, you arefinally readyto startbuilding them, Asyou cut the materials size, to carefully markeach piece indicate to whichcabinet it belongs Thencut thegrooves to. for the backpanels borethe holes and for anyadjustable shelving(page38). With thisgroundwork done,assembly is largely matterof choosing joina a erymethod.If you arecomfortable with your table saw, tongue-and-groove j5) joints(page areagoodchoice. Those jointermay well-versed usinga plate in want to join their cases with biscuits (below), joint equal strength the a in to tongue-and-groove. have shaper Ifyou a or a verysolidroutertableanda hearyduty router, lockmiterjoints (page 36) aresolid,durable, and easy cut. If to space your workshop at a premiin is um or if you needto disassemble and Cutting sheetgoodssuch as melamine on the table saw often resultsin rough moveyour cabinets, ready-to-assemble edges, chipping and tearout. Installed on a table saw'sarbor, the Modulus scor-or RTA-fasteners(page maybe 37) ing saw attachmentshownabove featuresa smallerblqdethat cleanlyscores the bestchoice. the sheetbeforethe main bladecuts it, resultingin a professional, smooth cut.

JOINING CASES WITHBISCUITS
the 1 Marking slotlocations I For each cabinet, identify outside the face all fourpanels anX,then of with mark location forthebiscuit on lines slots (On each thefourcorners. lower of cabrnets, which typically nothave top do a panel, mark location between the lines thecountertop nailers theside panand place side panel els.) start, To one outside-face ona work down surface and hold toppanel a 90" angle it. the at to Use pencil mark a to lines theadjoinon ingpanels about2 inches fromeach in (lefil.Mark corner additional about lines every to 6 inches. 4 Repeat mark to slot locations theother on three corners the of case. reference Add letters help to vou identify corners. the

33

CASEWORK

Faceplate Toppanel

)upport board )ide panel

r') Cutting slots the you for will above allow to cuttheslots shown L m" setup Place without moving panels. the corner thecase of onemating surface, down outside-face on a work of a sidepanel thecase the up outside-face ontop.Offset top thensetthetop panel panel by thickness of fromtheedge thesidepanel thestock slot make themating locasure in clamp panels place; the and Set aligned. are of marks thetwopreces stock perfectly on tion joiner proper following manuthe of depth cutontheplate the

butt in To instructions.cuttheslots thetop panel, facturer's aligning the faceplate against endof thetop panel, thetool's mark and with on theguideline thefaceplate a slotlocation as the thickness the board same resting toolon a support the (above, lefil.fo cutthemating mark Cut stock. a slotat each panel, thejoiner's plate the base against butt in slots theside guideline theplate witha slot on and the toppanel align center right). location mark(above,

partition slots Q Cutting fora partitions fixedshelves or rJ Vertical with be can between sides also joined case to layout square biscuits. a framing Use of on thethickness the partition thematatop ingpanels, laythepartition one then panels its lower with edge aligned of the t C w i t ht h e l a y o ulti n e . l a m ph ea s s e m in surface. theslots the Cut blyto a work panel partition in step above. 2 as and end the at Reoeat make slots theother to mating and of the partition the second joiners (righil. plate panel cut Since some keep same the slightly center, off slots for cuts. face-up both of side thepartition

Layout linea

Eottom panel

34

CASEWORK

JOINING CASES WITH TONGUE-AND-GROOVE J()INTS
saw Setting thetable up I U s e d a d o e a d na t a b l e a w o h a o s t panels tongues cutgrooves theside in and i n t h et o oa n db o t t o m a n e l s . u tt h e o C grooves first.Install dadohead to a set halfthethickness thestock, attach of and w f tt a n a u x i l i a r yo o de n c eo s u p p o r h e t w o r k p i e d e r i n tg ec u t .B u i t i n a s i d e cu h g panel against fence shown, the the as slide riofence toward blade the untiltheoutside face theworkpiecein linewith of is of LasIly, the edge the sawblade(right). h t s e tt h e b l a d e e i g he q u atl o h a l ft h e thickness thestock. of 'l

9ide panel

Cutting groove the
L a vt h e s i d e o a n e li n s i d e - f a cd o w n e

o n t h es a wt a b l e n db u t ti t s t o oe n d a against auxiliary fence. the the wood Use gauge miter equipped anextension with (left), to feedthe panel the blades into pressing workpiece the against fence the your throughout cut.Keep hands the well away from blades. the Repeat cutfor the thebottom of theoanel. end

35

CASEWORK

the Q Cutting tongues in r.J Tocuttongues thetopandbottom p a n e l si,r s tu n p l u t h es a w n da d da a f g head. Lower blades the spacer thedado to the surface move and below table the the fence it overlaps so auxiliary wood and Turn cutters slightly. onthesaw raise in thedado head cuta notch theauxilto t i a r y e n c eS e tt h eh e i g ho f t h ed a d o f . h e a d n di t sw i d t h f c u te q u atlo h a l f a o With thickness. thetoppanel thestock butt up saw, outside-face on thetable Feed panthe the one side against fence. (right), slight applying el intothe cutters pressure the throughout toward fence the for sideof operation. Repeat theother panel. and thetoppanel thebottom

MITER JOINT WITHA LOCK JOINING CASES

*

Making cuts the p i e c e f s c r a p g a i n stth e f e n c e n dt h e m i t e rg a u g e x t e n s i o n , e a a o m r r I n s t a al l o c k i t e b i tt ny o u r o u t ea n dm o u ntth et o o li n a l left).fo cut the matingpiece,clamp fence an auxiliary andscrew extension feed it into IhebiI (above, table. Attach notched a . gauge. thebit height theuppermost t cutter a g u i d eb l o c k o i t t o r i d ea t o pt h e f e n c e T h e nf e e dt h e b o a r d Set so to themiter it the on end into Ihe bit bbove,right),keeping f lushagainst with flat is centered theendof theoanel thepanel onthe on i f w the fence table. Position auxiliary sothebitwillmiter stock f e n c e i t h o n eh a n dw h i l ep u s h i n gt a n dt h e g u i d eb l o c k o r the o . of it. make cutsin twopieces ply- w a r dw i t ht h e o t h e r T e s tt h e f i t a n da d j u s t h e p o s i t i o n f t h e test without shorteningNext, p m t re B g f e n c e s n e c e s s a by f o r e a k i n gh e c u t s i n t h e c a s ep a n e l s . a as t t w o o d c r a ph es a m eh i c k n e s s y o u r a n e l s . u t t i n o n e s

36

CASEWORK

USI READY-TO-ASSEMBLE NG FASTENERS

Preparing holes the I Tojoina case withready-to-assemble fasteners, or RTA firstdryassemble finished andsecure squarely the case it with (page Tohelp position fasteners, lines clamps 47). the draw on thesides thecase of indicating center thetopandbotthe of (ln tompanels. theexample shown, bottom thecase the of is s e t4 i n c h efs o m h ef l o o r . ) W h is e e c i a lt e p p ed r i l lb i t s r t lp s d a r ea v a i l a btlo b o r eh ep i l o t o l e a n dc o u n t e r s itn k mi n e t h s he a s i n g l e t e p a s i m p l e l t e r n a t i ivse o u s e w od i f f e r e n t s , a t t

'l

sized bits. Start a bitslightly with wider than base the the of fastener; a length tapearound bit to mark wrap of the the desired depth-slightly ihanthelength thefastener more of b a s eD r i l a s e r i eo f c o u n t e r s ih o l e t o t h ea p p r o p r i a t e . l s nk s depth, spacing holes the about inches 5 apart. Then install a bitslightly smaller thefastener than shank drillthepilot to h o l e sM a r kh ea p p r o p r i a te p t h i t hm a s k i n g p et,h e n . t de w ta bore holes the hbovd.

Instal thefasteners Iing your lf youwish move to cabinets (or from kitchen another if your one to cabinets large youintend disare and to assemble before them transporting them t o t h ei n s t a l l a t is ine )s i m p l d r i v e ot , y a predrilled (lefil.fhe fastener each in hole fasteners beremoved andthe can later cabinets knocked down easy for transport. youwant install cabinets your lf to permanently, remove clamps then the glue andapply to themating edges the of before driving fasteners. the loints

37

STORAGE SHELVINGAND
complain abouthav/l ooksseldom space their in U ingtoo muchstorige pots,cans, kitchens. Appliances, spice racks, and all to cookbooks, dishes seem conspire fill every to nookandcranny of Efficientshelving available space. and storage devices create surprising can a amount of spacesimply by keeping things organized.For example,the (below) heightof adjustable shelves can be changed accommodate to differentsized goods dishes. dry or Cornercabiproneto wasting netsareparticularly valuable space; itemsat theverybackof A such cabinets to beforgotten. lazy tend is Swan(page42) an elegant solutionto this problem: Its two round shelves rotatearounda central makingall shaft, readilyaccessible. the contents Appliance clutteris another common kitchencomplaint. Certainappliances frequent that see use,suchastoasters, makers, blenders, coffee and oftencrowd the countertop. appliance with An bay a slidingtambour door (page40)providesa tidy placeto keepthese kitchen plugged andout ofsight, conveniences in vet easilv accessible.

garbage Fromtowelracks slide-out to storbins,there manycommercial are to agedevices themarketdesigned on rummaging lower in reduce timespent The cabinets. photoat leftshows slideout shelving mounted drawer on slides.

ADJUSTABTE SUPPORTS INSTATTING SHELF

holes thesleeves for 1 Drilling requires parallel of holes be two rows to I Adjustable shelving jig panels thecabinet The drilled theside in of case. commercial you holes 1-inch intervals and shown above allows to bore at ensures corresponding willbeperfectly that holes aligned. a Set panel side inside{ace on a work up surface clamp jig to and the from of the can theedges thepanel; holes beanydistance the panel edges, about inches would best thepanels but 2 in be for Fit drill diameter thesleeves as shown. your witha bitthesame

andinstall stop a collar mark drilling to the depth equal the to place sleeve lengh. Starting either of one thejig'srails, at end of theappropriate bushing thefirsthole thebushing in of carrier. (The keeps bit perfectly bushing the square theworkpiece.) to Holding drillandcarrier, thehole. a series evenly bore Drill the of holes rails. Remove jig andrepeat the spaced along both the for positioning jigsothe other panel thecase, side of carefully the panel. holes bealigned those thefirst will with in

38

CASEWORK

|llr rll1illl lllt illl ill] ljlr lltl llll fil] llli rll1llll llll lll1 llll llll llll
5HO?TI?
A ohop-made shelf drillinqjiq IheT-ehaped jiq ohown aN riqhlwill allow you Noborea row opaced of evenly ae holee accurately ae jig. a commercial Make jiq stock, Nhe from 1-by-3 beinqcarefullo screwIhe fenceand arm togeLher a aN perfect90" angle. Marka linedown lhe centerof the arm and boreholes wilh alonqit at 2-inchinNervale the samebiLyou wouldusefor thread' uset.he clampiLto a ed sleeves.To 1iq,

r) Mounting sleeves supports the and Z. To install threaded the sleeves withthem, a outdamaging use sleeve-setting Place sleeve theendofthe a on ounch. punch push sleeve the firmly into and (above). in oneof theholes a sidepanel you into hole have Insert sleeve each a into drilled, screw then shelf supports at desired locatron. shelf thesleeveseach

with lhe fencebuLtedagainel,.: oidepanel e i t h e re n d o l t h e o a n e la n d t h e m a r k e d Y

2 centerline inchesin from ite edge. yourdrillbil with a otoVcollar, bore Nhe FiN holee, repooition jiq for eachnewrow. Nhe and,

39

CASEWORK

BUILDINGAPPLIANCE AN BAY
tambour slats 1 Milling make I Start cutting tambour by the stock size; to the length thestock of equal thewidth thetambour to of door plus inch. plane stock a thickness to Then the to equal % % Mill thedesired width theslats; of typicallyto I inch. (right). jornt edges the in First, the of theslats three steps rounding bit to shape over stock(,4). Next, a Yo-inch use table(B). thetwolongedges the stock yourrouter of on edge to Finally, a /o- %-inch-thick fromeach rip to strip (C); your make firsttwoslats usea push stick keep to the fromtheblade. Joint stock the again, then fingers away enough to slats repeat lasttwosteps the untilyouhave height theslats of make tambour Thecombined the door. more of should 2 or3 inches total thantheheight thedoor opening. alltheslats length. Trim to

r') Gluing slats a backing the to for Z tlr" lightweight canvas backing theslats. as Stretch over of and thecanvas a piece melamine pullit taut,smoothT i n go u ta l l t h ew r i n k l e s .e c u r i t i n p l a c e i t hs t a p l e s .o S e w helpalignthe slats, screw threeboards the plywood to to j g f o r ma U - s h a p e id .T h ed e v i c e h o u l d e a sw i d ea st h e s b lq S a i s l a t s r el o n g n dp e r f e c tsy u a r e .l i d e l l t h es l a t sn t o a a

place a board close top of thejig. the thenscrew fourth to g t R e m o v e es l a t s n da p p l y n e v e n o a t f w h i t e l u e o th a a c o place in thecanvas. theslats Glue back hbovd,thenweight themdown geta goodbond.Letthe assembly overto dry n i g h t U n s c r etw ej i g a n dt r i mt h ee x c e sc a n v aw i t ha . h s s s h a r o ni f e . k

40

CASEWORK

-) Routins tambour track the < of r.,l Starting the bottom the panel, at shape thetambour of door draw desired the s . t r a c k n o n e f t h ec a s e i d e sF a s h i o n o o l a t e m o l a tte a tc o o i ets ei n s i d ei n eo f h h thistrack. Place template thecase the atop s i d ea l i g n i ni gw i t ht h et r a c k 'is s i d e , t n l i n e . n s t aalt o p - p i l o t f l u s h r i m m i n g I l ed t router; diameter thebit the of bit in your g i tr t s h o u l b e% un c h r e a t eh a n h et h i c k d r n e s s f t h ed o o rS e tt h er o u t eo nt h e o . template adjust cutting and the depth to grp u s m a k e / a - i n c h - d e e o o v e ;s e h i m s a under pattern necessary. the the if Rout pressed track(right), keeping bearing the a g a i n sh ep a t t e rtn r o u g h otu tec u t . tt h h Torout tambour track theoooosite in the over case side, thepattern andrepeat. turn

Template

Shim

-=t

Installing door the you are Once sides prepared can the
a s s e m b lte e c a s ef o r t h e a p p l i a n c e a y . h b M a k e h e w i d t ho f t h e c a s e q u a t o t h e t e l l e n g t h f t h e s l a t sp l u st h e t h i c k n e so f o s l t h e s i d e s , e s st h e c o m b i n e d e p t ho f (. t h e g r o o v e s A l s o d d X ui n c ht o g i v et h e a ) d o o r b i t o f p l a y . N o t e h a tt h e a p p l i a n c e a t b a yh a sn o t o p o r b o t t o m ; t i s d e s i g n e d i t o f i t b e t w e e nh e c o u n t e r t o a n d u p p e r t p p c a b i n e ta n dt h e l a c ko f a b o t t o m a n e l , m a k e st e a s i etro s l i d e h e a p p l i a n c ie i t n a n do u t .T o i n s t a ltlh e t a m b o ud o o r t i l t r , t h e c a s e n t oi t s b a c k t h e ns i m p l y l i d e o , s the doorfromthe bottom(/eft). The bottom o f t h e d o o rw i l l r e s to n t h e c o u n t e a n d r i t s w e i g h w i l l h o l di t u p w h e no p e n e d , t t h e r e f o rn o s t o p s r l a t c h e s r er e q u i r e d . e o a

4I

CASEWORK

INSTALTING SUSAN A LAZY

point thepivot 1 Finding rotate a I A lazy Susan's trays around post central screwed thetopandbotto tomof a corner cabinet. locate To the pivot point theshaft, place of the of one and trays the floorof the cabinet on it clears adjust soitscircumference the panels about inch. 1 twoback by Slide a pencil thetray's in shafthole trace and (The may a circle. manufacturer provide a positioning template make step to this Then a framing use square to easier.) locate pointin thecircle thatis the the distance fromeachbackpanel same point. Transfer hbovd.Thisis thepivot measurements toppanelthese to the if has or the nailer thecabinet notop.

r') Centering pivot the brackets pivotbracket the I Center lower the on pivot point(right),then screwthe hardware in place. Turn cabinet the upside down to the bracket. andrepeat install upper

42

CASEWORK

5HO7Tt?
5lide-out shelves thelveethat elideoul of a aabinet not onlyreduceback eNrain andlime soenN rummaqin4 thr ou4h Iower cabinern, thay aleoincrea* To usable atoraqe epace. keeplhe aonlente of lhe shelves from elidinqoff,qlue edqinqotripa cut from 5/+inch hardwood etockto Nhe shelfsides and ende.lneLall bottom-mounted shelf slidesa6 you wouldfor a drawer (paAeO7).

r') Installing post trays the and I For model lazy the of Susan shown, the postconsists twotelescoping of rods thatareextended fit thecabinet to once trays slidin place. the are Slide the lower onto post(rnset), tray the followed bythecollet upper and tray. Place the postin the bottom pivotbracket, then extend rodupward itstopfitsinthe the so pivot upper Tighten locking bracket. the Next,position upper screw. the trayat height mark location the desired and its onthepost. thetrayandalign top Lift the of thecollet withthemark. Tighten the (above), lower colletin place then the upper intoposition. tray

43

THE CABINETS ASSEMBLING
cut of { l.you have thecomponenents .l-yourcabinets assembling accurately, task. them will be a straishtforward Whilethe procedurishown pages 0n 46-47 based biscuitjoints,gluing is on for andclamping identical mostothis methods. er ioinerv Ifyour cabinets not have do sides that you extend belowtheir bottompanels, willneed installlegs support to them. to leveler legs (below)are Commercial quickly bolted place allowyouto in and installa levelrun of cabinets an on floor.Theyalsoaccommodate uneveu for a bracket a clip-onkickplate.

or Hidingtheedges nelantirte plyof woodcabinets essettial crclean, is for professional Heren lantinote look. trintmercttssolidwood edging flush For with thesides a cabinet. ntore of see 48-49. on edge treatntents, pages

ADJUSTABLE LEGS INSTALLING
D r i l l i n h o l e so rt h el e gb o l t s g f 1 I P o s i t i o t h e l e s so n t h e c a b i n e b o t n t w h e n h e k i c k p l a tie c l i p p e d t s t o m ss ot h a t 1 o n t ot h e f r o n tl e g s@ a g e 0 4 ) , i t w i l l b e f r o mt h e c a b i n e t ' f r o n te d g eb y inset s a a b o u t i n c h e sT h e l e g s h o u l d l s ob e 4 . s s e t i n f r o mt h e s i d e s f t h e c a b i n e b y t h e o t j a . l s a m e m o u n tT h es i m p l ei p p e di g s h o w n f t a t r i g h tw i l l h e l py o u b o r e h e h o l e s o r place t t h e l e g b o l t si n e x a c t l yh e s a m e T t o n a l l c a b i n e t s . o m a k e h e j i g ,s c r e w t t w o o i e c e s f l - i n c h - s o u a rs t o c k o o n e o e M c o r n e o f a p i e c e f p l y w o o d . a r ka l i n e r o p 4 i n c h e s l u st h e t h i c k n e so f t h e k r c k s p l a t e r o mt h e i n s i d e d g eo f e a c hl i p , f e d t t h e nd r i l la h o l ei n t h e p l y w o ow h e r eh e f l i n e si n t e r s e c M a k e h e h o l e so r t h e l e g s t. t n g b y h o l d i n t h ej i g i n p o s i t i oa n dd r i l l i n g a h o l ei n e a c hc o r n e o f t h e c a b i n eb o t r t tom panel (right).

44

CASEWORK

r) Attaching legbases the panel face-down L tav the bottom on a work surface. lnsert boltwitha washer a y t h r o u go n eo f t h e h o l e s o ud r i l l e dn h i one theprevious andthread of the step, legbases thebolt. onto Holding base the faces front sothatits round surface the (right), of the cabinet tighten bolt the Then install other bases. leg snugly. the

Inserting legs the The inal f is step to insert legs the in the bases. type leveler The of leg grooves shown lefthasmatching at and place legin thebase ridges. Simply the a n dp u s h o w ni g h t l w h i l e u r n i n g d l y t until snaps place. legheight it into The canthenbeadjusted thecabinet when is installed 104). @age

45

CASEWORK

THE AND GTUING CLAMPING CABINETS

-\\.--.t-.---

'l Assemblingfirstcorner the face-up sides I Lay of thecabinet one glue insert in each bissurface, ona work bi d a c u i ts l o t , n da d dt h ec o r r e c t - s i z es glue biscuits, Apply to theexposed cuits. fit bottom theside onto then thecabinet p a n e m a t c h i nh eb i s c u i ta n ds l o t s . l, tg s

r) Adding nailers the panel place in with L non thebottom hando o a 9 0 " c l a m p r a c o m b i n a t io fn in as screws clamps shown thenext and g f s t e pA p p l y l u ei n t h es l o t so rt h er e a r . place bisnailers and the andcountertop glue Apply tothenailers cuits theslots. in
end cpi thpm in nlarp lnqpri 2 qn2apr

a the to between rearnailers create gap b e t w e et h e t w o t h a t w i l l a l l o wy o ut o n slidethe backinto place(step4). Clamp togelher(rrght). the assembly

CASEWORK

the side Q Installing second glue theexposed r-,, Apply to edges of panel thenailers. thebottom and Insert t h eb i s c u i t t h e ns e tt h es e c o ns i d e s, d (/eft). panel theassembly atop

Clamping cabinet the
W i t ht h e c a b i n es t i l lo n i t s s i d e , t s l i d ei t s ot h a to n ee d g e x t e n d o f f t h e e s w o r ks u r f a c eR e m o v t h e 9 0 " c l a m p . e h o l d i n gh e b o t t o m n d i n s t a l a b a r t l a c l a m pa c r o s t h e f r o n to f t h e c a b i n e t , s p . a l i g n i nr t w r t h h e b o t t o m a n e l R e p e a t g t t h i s n r o c e d r rtro s e c r r rte e r e s to f t h e e h c a s eY o uw i l ln e e d r v eb a rc l a m p st:w o . f for the casebottom and oneeachfor the t w o c o u n t e r t on a i l e r s n d u p p e r e a r p a r n a i l e rP r o t e c t e s i d en a n e l s i t hw o o d th w p a d sp l a c e l - i n c hw o o d h i p u n d e r ; a c t h e b o t t o mp a d st o f o c u ss o m eo f t h e p r e s s u r e i d w a y e t w e e nh e e d g e s f m b t o . t h e p a n e l M a k e u r e l l e d g e s r ef l u s h s a a a n d c h e c k h e c a b i n efto rs q u a r e e f o r e t b t i g h t e n i ntg e c l a m p sF i n a l l y ,e tt h e h . s a s s e m b lo n t h e f l o o ra n ds l i d e h e b a c k y t panel into post|on(righil.

o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o

47

CASEWORK

EDGING W(IOD SOLID
the 1 Making edging i e b s I M a k e o l i dw o o d d g i n g y r i p p i n g t p i e c e f s t o c k l i g h t l yh i c k e r h a n t t o s f r o ma y y o u rc a b i n e p a n e l st;h i sw t l l a l l o w o u t a P l.a n e t o t r i m i t f l u s ha f t e ri n s t a l l a t i o n asmaple d s l e n g t h f h a r d w o os t o c k u c h o t . o r o a kt o t h e d e s i r e dh i c k n e s sS e t t h e r i p f e n c eo n y o u rt a b l es a wt o c u t a % n t s i n c h { h i c k t r i p .F e e d h e w o r k p i e cie t o (left),keeptng pressure light the blade t th a g a i n s t e f e n c ef;i n i s h h e c u t w i t ha s f p u s hb l o c k R i pf o u rp i e c e o f e d g i n go r . l t e a c h a b i n e tc u t t i n gh e ms l i g h t l yo n g e r c , t h a nt h ec a b i n e t .

Installing edging the al L Vttt",the strips a 45'angleon each t e n d .T r i mt h e e d g i n go f i t a sy o ui n s t a lilt .
F i r c t e r r t tL h' p o dr s i nr b f n r t h e l o n s e s t s i d e s I o ' v vv6

r)

. h t t o t h e e x a c t e i g h o f t h e c a b i n e tS p r e a d s o a t h i n b e a d f g l u eo n t h e m a t i n g u r f a c e s , t t t a n df a s t e n h e e d g i n go t h e c a b i n ew i t h r n a f i n i s h i n g a i l s n da n a i lg u n ( r i g h t ) o a d a lf h a m m e r . y o ua r eu s i n g h a m m e r , r i l l p i l o th o l e so rt h e n a i l s o a v o i d p l i t t i n g s t f p . t h e w o o d C u tt h e t o p a n d b o t t o m i e c e s l s l i g h t l yo n g etrh a nt h e w i d t ho f t h e c a b i n e t ,t h e nt r i m t h e m u n t i lt h e yf i t . G l u e . t, a n dn a i lt h e mi n p l a c e F i n a l l y r i mt h e u f e d g i n g l u s hw i t h t h e c a b i n e t s i n ga rouler (photo,page 44).

4B

CASEWORK

EDGE BANDING C()MMERCIAT
edge commercial banding 1 Applying is I Commercial banding another edge method hiding edges melamine; of the of your a thatmatches simply choose color The edge-banding cabinets. commercial at works feeding by the unitshown right panel heater an along fence; adjustable a just it adhesive before melts banding's the Practice contacts edge the panel. the of you scrap stock until finda temonsome well. thatworks oerature feedrate and but time-consuming An inexpensive more is commercial edge alternativeto install u a b a n d i no ny o u r a b i n e t ss i n g n i r o n g c making youdo not sure seton highheat, letthe ironrestin oneplace.

r') Trimming edges thebanding the of push banding around Z nttne ends, the thecorner thef latsideof a chisel with t o b r e a kt c l e a n l yh e nc u t i t o f f w i t h i t, a d o w n w as di c e f t h ec h i s e lU s e n rl o . a edge trimmer trimtheedges. model to The features spring-mounted two razor shown between %e cutters canfit anypanel and e r a n d1 i n c h h i c k P l a c t h et r i m m eo n t . l t h ee d g e f t h e p a n ea t o n ee n da n d o squeeze twoedges the together, pullit then (left). and along edge the slowly smoothly You also a wide, sharp can use very chisel forthejob.Hold toolflatto thepanel, the 4 5 " t o t h ee d g ea n dm o v e l o n gn a , a i for side the of single stroke-one each panel. with or a Finish either sandpaper flush smooth fora perfectly edge. file

49

FACEFRAMES
frameis a solidwoodfronting I face Face Aapplied to kitchencabinets. in frames not essential; facttheyare are absenton European-style noticeably microwhose concealed, cabinets, to hingesmakeit possible adjustable coverthe install doorsthat seamlessly entire cabinet front. However,face frames add a traditionallook to a can kitchen. European frame,rememWhenlayingout a face ber to add an extra Yrinchto any stile positioned nextto a wall;thiswill allow you to scribeand trim the stileif the has wall is out-of-plumb.If the cabinet you drawers, will alsorequiredividers feature them. If your cabinets between cockdoorsand drawers, fully recessed dec53) beading(page canadda subtle, orativetouch.

pockincluding Face framescanbejoined in a numberof ways, pockethole Here,a commercial and dowels. et holes, biscuits, holes alsobe can a cutterbores holein a faceframe rail. Pocket be thefaceframe to thecabinet; sureto cut usedto attach assembling them. sides and railsbefore theholes thecase in

FRAME ANATOMY A FACE OF

Drawer rail

Ineide stile

50

CASEWORK

WITHDOWELS FACE JOINING FRAMES
'l Drilling holes j g s d o w e l i nig t o d r i l lh o l e f o r I Use a The frame members. in theface dowels the aligns at model shown rightnotonly holds but rails stiles, also and holes both in perpendicular wood to the thebitexactly instrucmanufacturer's Follow the surface. jigforthethickness of tions setupthe to adjust jigto the frame stock, then theface 1/,inchin either from about drilltwo holes thebushing Insert of endofone thestiles. into diameter the the thatmatches dowel attach a r b u s h i nc a r r i eo f t h e1 i g a n d g , it to bore collet thedrillbitandadlust to than Xu deeper halfthelength a hole tnch (Allow thethickness of for of ihedowels. meathis when theligandbushing making in workbench Clamp surement.) a stile your t , t a n dp l a c eh ej i g o nt h es t i l ea l i g n i nig Set withoneendof theworkpiece. the hole in carrier theappropriate in bushing j g h t h ed o w e l i nig .H o l d i ntg el i g s t e a d y , t . tt d r i l l h eh o l eR e p e ao d r i l l h es e c o n d t at the hole, thenbore holes theopposite o e e n do f t h es t i l e i,n b o t h n d s f a l l r a i l s (right), in anyinside that stiles also and holes. require dowel

r") Insefting dowels the rails in L lnsert dowels thedrawer and in stiles. first, inside stiles then theouter the clamp appropriate Toinsert dowels, the glue spread member your to bench, frame then onone ofthedowel, tapit home end (/efil. Assemble frame the witha mallet (page53).

5l

CASEWORK

STAND PLATE J(IINER timeneeded To reduce setup the face for to cut slots biscuit-jointed joiner a your in mount plate frames, shop-made like oneshown stand the at left. Buildthe jig from3/q-inch plywood, supexcept thebarrel for port, wood. be which should solid for Refer the illustration suggestto eddimensions. to Screw handle the support the brackthenattach handle the base, tool. them fit your to ets,spacing joiner resting upside With plate the support, butt down thehandle on against motor the thebarrel support of housing trace outline the and the a barrel the stock. or bore on Cut the hole thebarrel, saw supfor then portin twoacross width, its through Screw the thecenter the hole. of part and bottom to thebase fit the holes for halfon top.Bore other hanger through toponeach bolts the the of then side theopening, drive bolts thebottom the into of hanger For installation and support. quick usewingnuts removal thetool, of together. to hold twohalves the Screw auxiliary to the the table (lt fixed-angle of thejoiner. fence holes in may necessary to drill be to the thefence accept screws.) secure joiner the Touse stand, the to in it, thenclamp base a work the at surface. thefence thecorrect Set stop height forrepeat clamp and, cuts, to table blocks theauxiliary to center wheel. To on theworkoiece thecutter f lat cut a slot,puttheworkpiece against the on thetable butted and joiner's then faceplate, turnonthe and toolandpush stock thetable the toward culter(\eft,belowl the

52

CASEWORK

THE FRAME ASSEMBTINGFACE
C l a m p i n g t h ef r a m e up f A s s e m b lte e f r a m ew o r k i n gr o mt h e h m i d d l e u t w a r dg l u i n gu p a n yd r a w e r o , f r a i l s n d i n s i d e t i l e si r s t .I n t h e f r a m e a s a t s h o w n t r i g h t ,s t a r tb y g l u i n g h e i n s i d e r s t i l et o t h e t w of a c ef r a m e a i l s .A p p l y g l u et o t h e e x p o s e d o w e l sh e n p u s h t . t t h e r a i l si n t op l a c eT i g h t e nh e a s s e m s s b l yw i t h a b a rc l a m p .N e x t , p r e a d o m e g l u eo n t h ed o w e l isn t h e r a i l s n di n s t a l l a t w t h e o t h e r t i l e st;i g h t e nh e mi n p l a c e i t h s b . t t w om o r e a rc l a m p sC h e c kh e a s s e m b l y t f o r s q u a r e y m e a s u r i na c r o s sh e t w o b g ( b s d i a g o n a l sr i g h t ) . I h e y h o u l d e e q u a l . l f n o t ,p l a c e b a rc l a m pa c r o s t h e l o n g e r a s i d i a g o n a l n dt i g h t e n t u n t i l t h ef r a m e a issquare.

INSTATLING C()CKBEADING
Making cockbeading I Make cockbeading made asyou solid (page 48), ripping inchY, wood edging f o t h i c ks t r i p sr o ma p i e c e f h a r d w o o d stock inch % thicker thethickness than of theface frame. round theoutTo over install side edge thecockbeading, a /,of inch canoe bead in a router install bit and t . e t h et o o li n a t a b l eR a i s t h eh e i g ho f on and thebitsoit is centered thestock, n t a d j u stth ep o s i t i oo f t h ef e n c eo j u s t Attach featherboard behind cutter. the a to thetable hold stock to the against the featherboards fence, clamp more and two o r o t o t h ef e n c e n e i t h es i d e f t h eb i tt o prevent stock fromlifting (lnthe up. the featherboard has illustration, front the With been removed clarity.) theworkfor piece lyinglatonthetable, f feed into it t h e b i t ( / e f f )f,i n i s h i ntg ec u t w i t ha h push stick. thecockbeading Rip to width m a n dt h e nc u t i t t o l e n g t h , i t e r i ntg e h at ends 45". 'l

|/ /-,L,

53

CASEWORK

Installing cockbeading the Dry thecockbeading pare fit strips;
o a n yi l l - f r t t i nj g r n t s i t ha c h i s e lL a yt h e w . f r a m eo n a f l a t s u r f a c eS p r e a d o m e . s g l u e o n t h e o u t s i d e a c eo f a s t r i po f f c o c k b e a d i n g d p o s i t i o nt o n t h e f r a m e , an i a l i g n i n t h e b a c ke d g e s f t h e t w o .D r i v e g o i n f i n i s h i n n a i l s i t ha h a m m eo r a n a i r g w r nailer (lefil.

INSTALLINGFACE THE FRAME
Attaching faceframe thecasework the to g A p p l y o m e l u et o t h e e d g e s f t h e c a b i s o n e t .P l a c eh e f a c ef r a m ei n o o s i t i o a n d t n a l i g ni t w i t ht h e t o p , b o t t o ma n ds i d e s f , o t h e c a b i n e tI.n t h e i l l u s t r a t i o n r i g h t , h e at t r i g h ts i d eo f t h e f r a m e v e r h a n gh e c a b i o ts n e t ;t h i s i s t o a l l o w h e s t i l eo f t h e f a c e t frame be trimmed fit the profile the to to of wall (page104). Fasten faceframe in the p l a c e i t ha f i n i s h i n n a i le v e r y - 6 i n c h e s . w g 4

54

CASEWORK

and Using screws woodplugs l f y o ua r ei n s t a l l i ny o u rf a c ef r a m e s g w i t h s c r e w sc o u n t e r b o r e e f a s t e n e r s , th a n d c o v e r h e i rh e a d s i t h w o o dp l u g s . t w P o s i t i otn e f r a m ei n p l a c e sy o uw o u l d h a f o r f a c e - n a i l i g ( p a g e5 4 ) . d r i l l a n d n h c o u n t e r b o se r e w o l e st,h e nd r i v e h e rc t
)urcvY) rr

;^ ^r^^^ T^ -^ko tho nlrroc ru ilrd..Prduc.

r.{rrll ffi dr trr il r}.xrili r$ ffi r$ rrr L*

$ $ U *

1HO?TI?
Making ! woodplugo time making Save woodpluge usinqa by
n i e r ^ . en f f A n e f . n r e . a n v e

N h e mf r o m t h e i r h o l e e ,U e e a p l , , t g u L t e r o n L h e d r i l l p r e o ot o c

you borea rowof Vluqe the depLh tro the rowwith a oLripof require. Cover m a s k i n N a p e , I h e r i pt h e p l u g e o q n L lenqLh r,hebandeaw.)imply peeloff on Lo Lhet,aVe remove rowof pl,tge. Lhe

i n s t a la n l u pc r r t t etrh e s a m e r a m e t e r l d a st h e c o u n t e r b o r h o l e sn y o u rd r i l l ed i p r e s sC h o o s i ns o m e o o d h a t m a t c h . g w t e s t h e f r a m e t o c k o r g r a i n n dc o l o r , s f a b o r ea s m a n yp l u g s s y o u n e e di n t h e a left).Prythe plugsfree slock (above, w i t h a s c r e w d r i vo r n a r r o w h i s e l ( S e e e c . T t h e S h o p i p a t l e f tf o r a n a l t e r n a t p r o e , g n e c e d u r e . ) Ti o s t a l l t h p l u g sa p p l y l u e i n t h e h o l e t h e nt a pt h e p l u gi n p l a c e . , T r i mt h ee x c e sw i t ha c h i s e lH o l d i n g s . t h ec h i s e l e v e l - s i d e o n t h ef r a m e , b up remove waste f ineshavings in the bbove, r i g h t )u n t i l t h e p l u g i s p e r f e c t l yl u s h . f e T h i sw i l l p r o d u c a m u c hc l e a n esru r f a c et h a n i f t h e p l u gw e r e a n d e dl u s h . s f

55

\3

Q.

"4
t 1 A

DOORS
doors arguably most are the not Considerationsstyle of should f abinet single decorative feature cloudtheneed durability. for Kitchen \-r important Theyarethefirst itemto of a kitchen. doorswork hardand.since woodis proneto swelling warping, greet eye because areusuthe and, they and solid allysonumerous, also themost can be doors such board-and-batten as doors impressive. style, The finish,andconshould onlybeinstalled small on cabistruction deserve careful attention. nets. Frame-and-panel, veneered-panel, Once. cabinetmakers concerned were andglass doors better to accomare able primarilywith building simple, sturdy modate wood movement caused flucbv up in doors wouldstand to thepunthat tuations heatandhumidity.'Also, ishment meted to themin dailyuse. A braddriversecuresstrip of molding different out a doors require different degrees Formcertainly followed function a by to theframeof a kitchen cabinet door of precision whenbuildingthem.A paneof glass wide margin;kitchen cabinets, espeand sandwiching central a flush-mounted forexample,cut door, is ciallytheirdoors, were mostutilithe betvveen moldingand a rabbet the cut to close tolerances; errorasslight an as tarian furniture. gone thedays of But are into theinside inchcansooilthelookof anotheredge theframe.For of Zu of one-style-fits-all kitchens. Today, moreon buildingglass doors, page69. wisefinelyeiecuted see cabinet. Overlay homeowners carefirlly consider perithe hand, notrequire doors, theother on do precision theyexceed size theiropenings. odandsryle theirdwellings of before determining decor the of thesame as the of in Advancesthemanufacturingdoorhardware, particutheirkitchens. Some thepossibilities shown thelayout of are in of (page AndDesign 16). chapter larlyhinges, greatly have improved theappearancecabboth of Once basic the choice made, is doorstyle bearrived can at. inetdoors theease mounting and of them(page Classic 73). or Perhaps is a basic it door board-and-batten (page for a antique-sryle maystillbehungfromsuch 60) doors decorative and country cottage. futs andCrafts An bungalow mightdemand attractive fasteners surface-mounted thatcome as hinges in finerwork, withdoors featuring panes in glazing glass iron finishes. set bars polished or brass Otherhingeoptions include (page Mosthomeowners probably (page forflush-mountprefer will 70). traditional thesimple efficient hinge but butt 76) frame-and-panel (page Buteven there vari- ed doors, here doors 62). are andthe pianohingefor corner cabinet doors. (page (page European-style hinges (page have panel ations, such arched as 67),veneered.panel cup virtuallybecome 7a) (page Thischapter panel 68),andglass doors 69). introduces thestandard hardware melamine for kitchen cabinets. Not pro- onlyarethese fivedoorstyles thesteps building and to each, youcan so versatile hinges fully concealed; arealso they duce doors will lendcharacter yourkitchen. that to simple install easily to and adjustable.

Theversatile European hingecanbeused hanga varicup to In etyofkitchencabinet doors. thephotoat left,afull overlay door is beingmounted a faceframe on frame-and-panel cabinet. Thedoor canbeadiusted removed or with ease.

57

A GALLERY CABINETDOORDESIGNS OF
shown below 1rl f thefourdoortypes following page, but all \-/ andon the door arebuilt the board-and-batten The frame-and-panel techniques. using (page60)is a door board-and-batten a of solidpaneldoor featuring series planks with rabbeted edges togethheld the screwed across backof erby battens anel the door.Frame-and-p doors(page 62) fearvea panelthat floatswithin a of frame composed rails and stiles or assembled mortise-and-tenon with joints. panThefloating cope-and-stick el in thecenter ofthe doorcanberaised The for effect. rails or shaoed decorative molding and stileshavean integrated embellishment cut into them;foradded you canalsocut an archor curveinto rail theupper andpanel. 68) Veneered-panel doors(page feasheet turea panelmadefrom veneered stockthat is gluedto the frame.To the conceal platejoints between the paneland the frame,rabbets cut are into the insideedges the frameat of Glass-panel doors(page69) the back. door a frame-and-panel areessentially paneof glass replacing floata with a The pieceof glass in sits ing panel. edges the of rabbets cut alongthe by frame.It is held in place stripsof panel theglass molding. variation A of glazing barsthat hold door features (page70).Iorned panes place in smaller the by miteredhalf-laps, glazingbars have rabbets alongtheirbackedges cut the and glassto accommodate glass stopmolding. madeto fit Althougha door is always not have be to its cabinet, does always it exactly fit its opening, shown to as sized page. in theillustration theopposite on and doors Flush-mounted full-recess to canbe time-consuming construct required because ofthe fine tolerances Theyare to fit andhangthemproperly. for particularly unsuitable board-anddoorstend to battendoors,as these

DOORS

expand and contract with changes in humidity.Full-overlay lip-rabbeted or doorsareeasier make. full-overlay to A doorcovers entirewidth of thecabthe inet,whilea lip-rabbeted doorhasrabbetscut aroundits outside edges the at backsothat only a part of its thickness is exposed. Oneof themostcommonly doors used is the onetypically usedfor Europeanstyle cabinets-apiece laminated of particleboard suchasmelamine simolvcut to size. Whileinexoensive eisierto and maintain, melamine doorsneededge banding(pages 48-49) conceal to their non-laminated edses.

DOOR MOUNTING METH()DS

BOARD.AND-BATTEND OORS
colonial counterparts, T iketheirearly L moderncabinetmakers a seeking "country" look oftenturn to rusticor These simple doors. board-and-batten of but sturdydoorsconsist rabbeted planksheld together stripsor batby theirbacks. across tensofwood fastened features batThemostcommonof these tensscrewed thebackof the door in to conbatten theformof aZ;thediagonal at nectingthe two horizontalbattens the too and bottom actsasa braceto sagging. the strenghen doorandprevent doors and Because aresolidpanel they in will swelland shrink with changes doorsare humidity,board-and-batten as oftenmountedon smallercabinets In cases, battens the doors. some overlay One with interiorshelving. caninterfere in isto recess battens dadoes the solution Another cut into thebackof thedoors. methodof bracinga more elaborate door board-and-batten isto rout a sliding dovetail across backoftheboards. the slidein thebatdovetail Routa matching in place with a sinand them tens, secure door. glescrew thecenter in ofthe

,s
t

)

rustic strength charm, and Combining doors board-and-batten areideal for kitchen. in smallcupboards a country

J

e*t b

DOORS JOINTS INBOARD.AND.BATTEN USED

thiplap

Chamfered ahiplap

Beaded ahiplap

Double-beadedahiplap

60

DOORS

MAKING BOARD-AND-BATTEN A D()()R
Cutting rabbets the I I n s t a la d a d oh e a dh a l fa s w i d ea s l t h e s t o c kt h i c k n e so n y o u rt a b l es a w . s A t t a c ha n a u x i l i a rw o o df e n c ea n d r a i s e y t h e b l a d e t o c u t a n o t c h n i t , t h e ns e tt h e s i c u t t i n gh e i g h t - a g a i n n e - h a ltfh e t h i c k o n e s so f t h e b o a r d sT o s e c u r eh e w o r k . t p i e c e , l a m pt w o f e a t h e r b o a r d s d a c an s u p p o r t o a r d o t h e t a b l ea s s h o w n . b t U s i n ga p u s hs t i c k ,f e e dt h e s t o c ki n t o t h e b l a d e st,h e nf l i p t h e b o a r d v e r n d o a repeat cut along otheredge(left). the the T o a l l o wf o r w o o dm o v e m e n t ,r e a t e c a s l i g h te x p a n s i og a p b e t w e e nh e b o a r d s n t a t t h e b a c ko f t h e d o o rb y r u n n i n g n e o e d g e f e a c hb o a r d c r o s t h e j o i n t e r . o a s 'l

r) Assembling dool the L C l a n pt h e d o o rt o g e t h ea n d p l a c ei t i n s i d e - f a cu p o n a r e w o r ks u r f a c eT h e nc u t t w o b a t t e n s l i g h t l y h o r t e t h a nt h e . s s r w i d t ho f t h e d o o ra n d n a r r o w e h a nt h e d o o rb o a r d sP o s i t i o n tr . the two pieces woodacross top and bottom the assemof the of b l ya s s h o w nT h e n i t a n e l e c t r i d r i l l w i t h c o m b i n a t i o n t . f c a bi a n d c o u n t e r b o rh o l e s o r s c r e w s n dw o o dp l u g s t 2 - i n c h e f a a i n t e r v a la l o n g h e b a t t e n sa l t e r n a t i nb e t w e e t h e t o p a n d s t , g n b o t t o mo f e a c hb o a r d . a k ec l e a r a n ch o l e s x c e o t n t h e M e e i

p l a c e s h e r e h e s c r e w i l l j o i nt h e b a t t e n o a n o u t s i d e o o r w t w t d b o a r dT h e n ,h o l d i n gh e b a t t e n q u a r eo t h e e d g eo f t h e d o o r , . t s t drivein eachscrew(above, left).Cuta third batten fit diago to n a l l yb e t w e e t h e t w o a l r e a d yn p l a c e n d s c r e w t i n t o p o s i n i i a t i o n .T o c o n c e atlh e s c r e w s , p p l y d a bo f g l u et o t h e i rh e a d s , a a t h e ni n s e r n l r r c sn t h e h o l e sT a nt h e n l r r s sn o l a c e i t ha t i . i w wooden mallelhbove,right), then usea chiselto trim the pros f l e c t i n g t u b s l u s hw i t ht h e d o o rs u r f a c e .

6l

DOORS FRAME-AND-PANEL
to p leasing theeyeandstructurally door .L sound, frame-and-panel is the and popularof all the mostenduring Because panel its door designs. cabinet floats a rigid frameof railsandstiles, in the door a frame-and-panel withstands of swelling shrinking woodbrought and in on by changes humiditybetterthan door.Theflexianyothersolid-wood for allows a widevaribility of its design as options, such veneered etyofattractive (page glassdoors(page 69), panels 68), top bars(page 70).The rail andglazing to be of theframecaneven arched softlines and entherectangular ofthedoors (pnge 67). adda touchofelegance its The framederives considerable used fromthejoinerymethods strength This covers in its construction. section door buildinga frame-and-panel using joinerywith intemortise-and-tenon grated molding (page andcope-and63) 66). starting to stickjoints (page Before door, builda frame-and-panel however, properly. Make to the takecare size stock of thestiles equaltotheheight thedoor the be opening; railsshould aslongas thewidthof thedoorplusthetrvotenons at either end-typicallyaboutZ inchminusthewidth of thestiles.

oppearance Depending thedesirecl on door,thepanof afrane-and-panel can to el'sinside edges bentolded Jit grooves the or beveled in the of f'arne "raise" certter the to onfour sides panel.Irrthephotoat left,a of the panelis being raised with an ogee panel-raisirtgbit a routertable. on

RAISED PANET STYTES

62

DOORS

MAKING FRAME.AND-PANEL A DOOR
the cheeks 1 Cutting tenon I Install dado a head slightly wider than thetenon length your on table saw. Attach andnotch auxiliary an fence, setthe then w i d t h f c u te q u atlo t h el e n g t h f t h e o o tenon saw tenon to the cheeks; adjust the cutting height about to one-third thickthe ness thestock. of Butting railagainst the gauge, the thefence themiter and feed stock down theblades. the face into Turn railover repeat cutontheother and the side thetenon. of Then repeat process the at the opposite of the rail (left)and end wtth second the rail. r) Gutting tenon the shoulders L to cutthetenon shoulders, the set height thedado of head about inch. at % S t a n d i n g er a i lo n e d g el u s h g a i n s t th f a g t h ef e n c e n dm i t e r a u g ef,e e dt h e a workpiece theblades. therail into Turn over repeat the other and on sideof the t e n o nC u tt h et e n o n h o u l d east h e . s rt o p p o s i te n do f t h e r a i lt h es a m e a y e w (right). Repeat process thesecthe with ondrail. addintegrated To molding, a f it r o u t ew i t ht h ea p p r o p r i a t ie ,m o u n t r b t t h et o o li n a r o u t etra b l e n dc u t a l o n g a theinside edges therails stiles. of and

Tenon ehoulder

Preparing rails glue the for up
R e m o vte e a u x i l i a rfy n c e n dd a d o h e a

h e a dI.n s t a al c o m b i n a t ib ln d e n d l oa a adjust angle 45".Tosetthewidth its to of cut,mark line themolded of a on edge a railthesame distance thetenon from s h o u l d a st h em o l d i n gi d t hA l i g nh e er w . t mark theblade with where exits table it the opening, buttthefence then against the rail. Adjust blade the height one until tooth just protrudes beyond tenon the shoulder. Tomake cuts, therailagainst the butt the fence hold flush and it against miter the gauge feed molded-edge into to it down the blade. Repeat cuttheother of the to end rail(left) both and ends thesecond of rail.

63

DOORS

the Preparing stiles
o e M a r ka l i n eo n t h e m o l d e d d g e f

from of stile width a railaway the each With saw theendof theboard. thetable t b l a d e n g l e a t 4 5 ' , a l i g n h ec u t t i n g a d the with and edge themark cut into moldso height the adjust cutting the ededge; where moldthe at cutf inishes thepoint of begins. and ingends theface thestile between of Next, slice thestrip molding off with the45' cutandtheendof thestile a bandsaw?iehil.

edge the f, Smoothing cut r , f O nt h e t a b l es a w ,a d j u s t h e r i p f e n c e l u s o t h e b l a d e i n e s p w i t ht h e b e g i n n i n g o f t h e c u t y o u m a d ei n s t e p1 w h e nt h e H s t i l ei s b u t t e d g a i n stth e f e n c e . o l dt h e a . s t i l ef l u s ha g a i n stth e m i t e rg a u g eS l i d e t t h e s t o c kb a c ka n df o r t ha l o n g h e m i t e r gaugeto smooththe cut edge(lefil.

the trl Cutting mortises on in L.f Cutthemortises thestiles a drill press attachmortising using commercial a and stile mark Align railwitheach a ment. Install mora of theoutline themortises. drillpress and on attachmentyour tising centering the to clamp stile thefence, the and under chisel bit. the mortise outline deeper than depth slightly the Set drilling a then length, make cutat each thetenon out before boring the endof the mortise (right). waste belween in

64

DOORS

Three-wing alottinq cutter

grooves thepanel for I Cutting / Assemble rails stiles. the and Then, protecting stock pads, the withwood use twobarclamps hold frame to the together securely. a router a %-inch Fit with threewing slotting cutter mount toolin and the a router table. Remove fence set the and theframe thetable. on Adjust cutter the height place groove to the midway between the bottom theframe theedge of and of t h em o l d i n g .r i p p l n h eb a rc l a m p s G tg f irmly, butttheinside edge theframe of a g a i n s h e b i t n e a o n ec o r n e r , e n tt r th rotate against direction bit rotait the of tionto cutthegroove along rails the and (/eff,). stiles Keep frame lat on the the f table youfeedit intothe bit. Raise as a (photo, panel f it theframe page to 62), then disassembleframe. the

Gluing thedoor up Glue a panel up from %-inch{hick stock cutit to solid and s i z ea d d i n g i n c h o e a c h i d e o a l l o wh ep a n etlo f i t t h e ; % t s t t groove theframe. in Then routtheedges the panel proof to duce raised the center, shown the photo page as in on 62. passes theedge thepanel intothe Make successive until of fits groove theframe. reduce in To tearout, thetopandbottom rout edges routing sides. before the Squeeze glueintothe some mortisesthestiles onthetenon in and cheeks shoulders and at theends therails; apply of also some adhesive thecontacton ingsurfacesthemiter of cutsin therails stiles. notadd and Do

glue thepanel grooves. assemble door set any to Then, the and ontwobarclamps a work on surface, aligning rails the withthe bars theclamps. keep clamps falling prop of To the from over, each on a notched one wood block. Protecting frame the with just pads, wood tighten clamps enough fullyclose the to the joints (abovd, thenusea square check to whether corners the o f t h ed o o a r ea t r i g h a n g l e s .i n i s t i g h t e n i nh ec l a m p s r t F h tg until glue the squeezes of thejoints, out checking occasionally thatthecorners remain square. theglue dried, a 0nce has use cabinet scraper remove remaining to any adhesive.

65

DOORS

JOINERY C()PE.AND-STICK
in tongues therails 1 Cutting joint a I Thecope-and-stick provides in and method joining of stiles rails frameis To a n d - p a nc o n s t r u c t i o n .n g u e n t h e el in the rails mesh withgrooves thestiles; for bit router thatcutsthegrooves the panel carvesdecorative in molding a also To edges theframe. cutthe of theinside bit-the a coping tongues, install piloted r r r a i lc u t t e r - i ny o u r o u t ea n dm o u n t . t h et o o li n a t a b l e B u t tt h ee n do f a tt r a i la g a i n sh eb i ta n da d j u stth ed e p t h of cut sothatthetopof the uppermost e c u t t e irs s l i g h t la b o v t h ew o r k p i e c e . y to Position fence the oarallel themiter gauge in linewiththeedge thebit of slot g e p i l o tF i tt h em i t e r a u g w i t ha n e x t e n . face sion andlaytheoutside of thestock o ; t f l a to nt h et a b l ek e e ph ee n d s f t h e butted against and workpiece extension each the fence throughout cut (left),

,,/

\ /y

-/

r') Cutting grooves the the and L Unpluc router replace the s g b c o p i n g i t w i t ha p i l o t e d t i c k i n b i t . k a a l s o n o w n sa s t i l ec u t t e rT os e tt h e butt cuiting depth, theendof a completadjust the the cutter; ed railagainst stile is one height thebit until of itscutters of (inset). Align the level therailtongue with bearing. of fence theedge thepilot with the to secure worktwo Use featherboards piece one during cut:Clamp to the the oooosite bitandsecure the router table side on theother theinfeed of thefence. outside-face cut Make each withthestock pressing inside of theworkedge the down, (rtght). a push piece Use the against fence Repeat the on the stick complete pass. to and inside edees allrails stiles. of

66

DOORS

RAISINGARCHED AN PANEL
the 1 Raising arch I B a n d s atw ep a n etlo s i z ea d d i n g h , %inch each to allow oanel on side the to fit thegroove theframe. in Install panela raising in your bit router mount and ihe toolin a table, setting fora shallow it cut. Clamp free-standing guard the a bit to t a b l ea n da g u i d e x t e n d i nr o mt h e , e fg infeed of thetable thebit'soilot end to (Do bearing. notusea fence thisoperfor ation, youwillneed pivot panel as to the beyond bit.)Using guide a pivot the the as point(right), pivotoneend of the arch i n t ot h e b i t a n ds t a r t o u t i n t h ea r c h , r g k e e p i ntg e p a n efll u s h i t ht h e p i l o t h w bearing throughout cut.Make the several passes thearch, on raising bit %inch the at a timeuntil panelitsthegroove the f in theframe.

Raising sides the T o r a i s eh es i d e s n de n do f t h e t a panel, thesame use setup remove or the guide bitguard install fence and and a on your router table. Lower bitto a shallow the c u t t i n d e p t hT h e nh o l d i ntg ep a n e l g . , h f latonthetable, feedit intothe bit with your righthand andpress flatagainst it withyourlefl (left). theguide Repeat for theother side andtheendof theoanel. passes necessary Make many as as for thepanel f it in thegroovestheframe, to in raising bit %inch a timeandtestthe at passes. glueup the ingbetween Then door youwould regular as a frame-and(page step8). panel assembly 65,

DOORS

VEENERED-PANEL D()()R
pieces Preparing frame the p s tt I R r pt h ef o u rf r a m e i e c e t o w r d t ht,h e nc r o s s c uh e ms l i g h t l y r l o n g etrh a nt h e i rf i n i s h e de n g t hF i t a r o u t e w i t ha d e c o r a t i v e l . m o l d i n g i t , i n s t a ltlh e t o o li n a r o u t e tra b l e , n d r o u tt h e o u t a b s i d ee d g eo f e a c hf r a m ep i e c e .N e x t ,c u t a r a b b e ti n t h e b a c k . h l f a c eo f e a c ho f f r a m ep i e c e S e tt h e c u t t i n g e i g h t o e q u a t h e b lf t h i c k n e so f t h e p a n e lt;h e w i d t hs h o u l d e o n e - h a t h e s t o c k s f ts t h i c k n e s s . l a m p e a t h e r b o a r do t h e s a wt a b l et o s u p p o rtth e C rn w o r k p i e c e n s e r a s h i m b e t w e e nh e v e r t i c afle a t h e r b o a ad d I. t t part fenceto keepthe pressure the rabbeted of the stock. off the Feedthe workpiece face up intothe dadoheadtight). CUIthe f r a m ep i e c e so s i z e . a k i n g 5 " m i t e rc u t sa t e a c he n d .D r y m 4 t f r a m e t, h e nc u t t h e p a n etl o f i t i t . M a r k h e p a n e l t a s s e m b lte e h p s m a t i n gr a m e i e c e t o h e l py o uc o r r e c t la s s e m f y e d g e s n dt h e i r a o f g l u eu p . b l et h e d o o r t t h et i m e a 'l

r) Cutting biscuit intheframes slots
l l C - C u tt h e p a n e t o s i z ea n d m a r ka l i n ea c r o s t h e p a n e a n d s p s f f r a m e i e c e a b o u 4 i n c h e sr o me a c he d g ea n d a t 6 - i n c h t i n t e r v a lis b e t w e e n . i s a s s e m b h e d o o ra n dc l a m po n e n D tle w f r a m ep i e c e o a w o r ks u r f a c ep r o t e c t i ntg e s t o c k i t hw o o d t , h
n:dc Qpi tho nrnnor don+L ^{ ^ ^ '+ ^- ^ ^l^+^ ;^incr ihon qpi V u u J , r u L L r r uV r u p u r u u p L I l U l d L U L U l l d p l d L Uj u l , . - , . . . , - , , - - . . a ^

Assemblingdoor the
O n c e l l t h e s l o t sh a v e e e n u t , g l u eu p t h e d o o r . e tt h e a b c S f r a m eo i e c e s n dt h e o a n e f a c e - d o wo n a c l e a n o r ks u r f a c e a l n w g s a n ds q u e e zg l u ei n t oe a c hs l o t ,i n s e r t i nb i s c u i ta sy o ug o . e T o p r e v e n t e b i s c u i t f r o me x p a n d i nb e f o r e v e r y t h i n s p u t th s g ig f t o g e t h e r ,s s e m b lte e d o o r s s q u i c k l y s p o s s i b l ei,t t i n gt h e a h a a (above), the door two barclamps pieces the panel frame to Set on W o n a w o r ks u r f a c e . i t hw o o dp a d sp r o t e c t i ntg e f r a m e , i g h t h t j o e n t h ec l a m p su s te n o u g t o c l o s eh ej o i n t sI.n s t a l l t w m o r e h t p c l a m p sa c r o s t h e t o p o f t h e d o o r , l a c i n gh e mp e r p e n d i c u l a r , s t t o t h e f i r s tt w o .F i n i s h i g h t e n i n u n t i l g l u e q u e e z eo u t o f t g s s . t h e j o i n t s 0 n c et h e a d h e s i vh a sd r i e d , e m o v e n ye x c e s s e r a w i t h a c a b i n es c r a o e r . t

o t h e t o o l ' sb a s ep l a t eo n t h e b o t t o m f t h e r a b b e itn t h e f r a m e p i e c e S e tt h e c u t t i n gh e i g h s o t h e s l o t s i l l b e m a d ei n t h e . t w m i d d l e f t h e r a b b e t e p o r t i o n f t h e f r a m e a s s h o w n yt h e d o , b o r e dd o t t e dl i n e i n t h e i l l u s t r a t i o n . i t ha s u p p o rb o a r d n d e r W t u e , t t h e j o i n e r o k e e pl t l e v e l a l i g n h e g u i d e l i no n t h e t o o l t n w i t ha s l o tl o c a t i o m a r k .H o l d i n gh e l o i n e w i t h b o t hh a n d s , t r for cut a groove eachmark(abovd.Repeat the otherframe at n i p c p q i h p n r ^ r r i.h p -m :.t* n . , . on t c ,i n t h p n : n p l t.h p -s a m e a y . w .. .. i . o cl ,,

6B

DOORS

GLASS-PANEL D()()R
I inside fa doorrame o f Make andglueup a frame youwould as for a frame-and-panel (page door 63). Using a woodpadfor protection, clampthe frame t o a w o r ks u r f a c eT h e ni n s t a l l % - i n c h . a r a b b e t i nb i t i n a r o u t e a n ds e tt h ed e p t h g r o f c u t t o t h e c o m b i n e d e p t ho f t h e m o l d i nbo : " - d "' "n thp nano nf ol:cc vnrr intond in

a around the 1 Cuttinsrabbet l -

i n s t a l il n t h e f r a m e . o l dt h e t o o lf i r m l y H w r t hb o t hh a n d s h i l er e s t i n gh e b a s e w t p l a t eo n t h e f r a m en e a ro n ec o r n e rt,h e n t u r no n t h e r o u t ea n dg u i d e h e b i t i n t o r t the inside edge the door.Move router of the clockwise along the edges ?ight)untilthe c u t i s c o m o l e t e d . o u a r eh e c o r n e r w i t h S t s a wooden mallet anda woodchiselbelow). M a k e h e c u t sa g a i n stth e g r a i nf i r s tt o t a v o i d p l i t t i n tg ef r a m e . s h

the O Fitting glass t o h o l d h eg l a s sn t h ef r a m e m a k e I t i . g l a s s - s t o po l d i n g y r o u t i n g d e c o r a t i v e m b a
pdoe in pithpr sidp nf : l n n o n i p ep n f c n l .

i d s t o c k R i pt h e m o l d i n t o w i d t h t h e n . g , m i t e r o r r n r e c ets f i t i h e f r a m eS e tt h e f r n frame andtheglass a worksurface, on then p l a c eh e m o l d i n gn p o s i t i o n .o r e p i l o t t i B a h o l e v e r y i n c h e s s i n g n e l e c t r id r i l l e 2 u a c f i t t e d i t ha s m a l f i n i s h i nn a i lw i t ht h e w l g h e a d n i p p e d f f . D r i v eh e b r a d s n p l a c e s o t i u s i n g i t h e r h a m m eo r a b r a dd r i v e r e r a (photo, page57). Whenusinga hammer, h o l dt h e m o l d i n gl u s ha g a i n stth e f r a m e f o f t h ed o o rs l i d e h e h a m m ea l o n gh e ; t r t s r r r f a co f a n i e c e f c a r d b o a rtd a v o i d e o o breaking glass(/eff). the

69

DOORS

oi\{r_.

Ifyou prefer the look ofsntallerpanesofglassrather pane in yotn'dooryotr can choose thatr one largersingle to makeglnzingbars.The moldedstripsarejoined with miteredhalf-laps.Rabbets cut along the backedges are of panesof glass glass-stop and the barsto acconmtodate molding. The endsof the barscan bejoined to the outer joints. rnilsend stiles with dowels cope-and-stick or

Q'-\.

,\t"n-

\'t'a

MAKING GLAZING D()OR A BAR

M o l d i n t h eg l a z i n g a r s g b : t f C a o I T h ej o i n t r s m a d ei n t h r e es t a g e sS t a r tb y c u t t i n g h e p r o p - t i o nw i t ht h r e e e a t h e r b o a r d sl : m p n et o t h e t a b l eo p p o s i t e ( o e r p r o f i l e n t h e g l a z i n g a r s , s s h o w n b o v en e x t , u t r a b - t h e b i t a n dt w ot o t h e f e n c e n e a c hs i d eo f t h e c u t t e r . l n t h e i b a a ; c a n, rn s b e t si n t ot h e o p p o s i t s i d e s f t h e b a r s o h o l dt h e g l a s s n d i l l u s t r a t i o t h e f e a t h e r b o aod t h e o u t f e e d i d eo f t h e f e n c e e o t h o . t m o l d i n g t r i p s( s t e p2 ) ; I i n a l l y ,p r o d u c eh e m i t e r e d a l f - l a p h a sb e e nr e m o v efd r c l a r i t y )F e e d h e b a ri n t ot h e b i t u n t i l s t (sfeps to 5). Forthe first stage,install piloted roundover a , a 3 a bit y o u rf i n g e r s p p r o a cth e c u t t e r t h e n u s et h e n e x tp i e c e s a h p u s hs t i c ko r m o v e o t h e o t h e rs i d eo f t h e t a b l ea n d p u l lt h e w t i n a r o u t e rm o u n t h e t o o l i n a t a b l e , n d a l i g n h e f e n c e i t h , a t o T s b s h t s t h e b i t ' sp i l o tb e a r i n g . h es t o c k h o u l d e w i d ee n o u g h o t h a t w o r k p i e cte r o u g hh e c u t . R e p e atth e p a s s n t h e o t h e r i d e ). m a k i n g p a s s n e a c h i d eo f t h e b a rw i l l l e a v e % - i n c h - w i d e o f t h e b a r ( a b o v e P r e p a ra n e x t r a a rt o h e l ps e t u p t h e c u t o s a e b a l i p b e t w e et h e c u t s .S u p p o rtth e w o r k p i e cd u r i n g h e o p e r a - i n s t e p3 . e t n

'l

DOORS

r) Cutting panes rabbets theglass for I lnstall dado a head your on table slightly saw wider thanthe desired rabbets. tongue The remaining therabbets cut after are s h o u l m e a s u % i n c h i d e I n s t a al w o o d ea u x i l i a f e n c e d re w . l n ry andmark rabbet the depth it-the combined on thickness of theglass themolding Position auxiliary over and strip. the fence head raise blades notch fence the thedado and the to the to height themarked Turn thesaw mark width of line. off and the of therabbets theleading of theglazing Buttone on end bar. o f t h em a r k a g a i n sh eo u t e b l a d e f t h ed a d o e a dt,h e n s tt r o h position fence the flush against bar.Use the three featherboards to support piece in step1, adding support the as a board to provide pressurethefeatherboard extra to clamped thetable. to (Again thisillustration, featherboard outfeed in the onthe side of thetable been has removed clarity.) thebars hand for Feed by (left) unlilyour fingers approach featherboards, use the then the next workpiece finish pass. to the Complete cutonthefinal the workpiecepulling from outfeed of thetable. by it the side

the cuts Q Making miter r-,1 Remove dado the head install crosscut and a blade. Adjust gauge theblade angle 45" andattach miter to a extension. To g g s e tt h eb l a d e e i g h t , o l d h ee x t r a l a z i nb a ro nt h es a w h h t you table thetongue cut in step isflush so 2 against extenthe The sion. topof theblade should level be withthe lower side of the lip (inset). Then mark miter the cutson both sides of t h eb a r sa t t h e i r i d e sp o i n t s , eV ss h o u l d et h es a m e ; w t th b width thestock. make cut,hold tongue the as To the the of

b a rf l a ta g a i n s h e m i t e r x t e n s i o n da l i g n n eo f t h e tt e an o marks theblade. with Butta stopblock against endof the thestock clamp to theextension subsequent and it for cuts. Clamp workpiecetheextension feed glazing the to and the . b a ri n t ot h eb l a d e h i l e o l d i n ig f i r m l y n p l a c eR o t a t e w h t i thepiece make same ontheother and the cut side theV. of Repeat process cuttheV ontheopposite of the the to side bar (above).

7r

DOORS

Cleaning V-cuts the O n c e l l t h e m i t e r u t sh a v e e e n a c b made, a narrow use chisel pare to away t h ew a s t e . h ew i d t h f t h ec h a n n e lt T o a o e t h e b o t t o m f t h eV s h o u l d o u atlh e width thelip.Holding chisel of the bevel(right) away waste the until sideup, pare and the bottom theV is smooth f lat. of Work carefullv avoid to tearout.

the f, Cutting half-laps r . , l R e i n s t a l l ed a d o e a d n y o u r a b l e a w n da d j u sitt th h i t s a t o t h ew i d t h f t h e b a r ' s i p .S e tt h ec u t t i n g e p t h o o n e o l d t h a l ft h es t o c k h i c k n e sY , u i l l n e e do s a wa h a l f - l a ip t so w t n glazing thenmake identical in thebottom one of bar, an cut p . t h et o po f t h em a t i n g i e c eS e tu p t h ec u t b ya l i g n i ntg e h m i d d l o f t h eV - c uw i t ht h ed a d o e a dw h i l e o l d i ntg e e t h , h h

g b a rf l u s h g a i n s h em i t e r a u g e x t e n s i oK e e ph ew o r k a tt n. t p i e c el a to n t h es a wt a b l e n df l u s ha g a i n s t ee x t e n s i o n f a th (above). dowels coping asyoucut the half-laps Use or cuts (page to secure glazing 66) the bars a frame-and-panel to p s d o o rt,h e ni n s t a lg l a s s a n e a sy o uw o u l do ra g l a s s - p a n e l l f (page door 69).

72

MOUNTINGDOORS
the hinges for fr hoosing appropriate *-L yourkitchen cabinet doorsdepends primarilyuponthestyle cabinets of you arebuilding.Surface-mounted hinges, thoughlimitedin termsof weight capacity andease adjustment, idealfor of are Butt antique rusticcabinets. hinges or (page available iron or brass, in 76), are commonlyused on flush-mounted doorsandsit in shallow mortises cut into the door and case. Long,narrow pianohinges for cabinets oftenrequire and weight strengh proper distribution. Tilt-out hinges(pnge arepractical 77) for turningfalse fiontsinto small, drawer handystorage units. \Ahenstyle not an issue, ease is and of installation adjustability more and are important,European-type hinges, cup (pnge are hinges, or 32-millimeter 74) Fullyconcealed, an idealchoice. strong, andsimple adjust to oncein place, cup hinges have become widespread the in homebuilding industry. Available for and framecabbothEuropean-style face inets, hinges with a variety cup come of mounting plates allowtheinstaller that to controltheamountof overlay. Before installing hinge, any readthe manufacturer's instructions regarding placement.youareworking If with fine, delicate woods, thestock machine for tap screws drillingpilot holes reduce after to thechance splitting. spotof gluein of A theholewill improve holding the ability of thefastener.

Locating doorknobs not involve need tedious measurement doorto door. front jig Thesimple showrt thephotoat in right,made a piece plywood of and front twolipscutfrom solidstock, Iocates knobs in exnctly sarne the spotot'teach door.

()F A SETECTI()N DO()R HINGES

0 e
0
Piano hinge

0

a

DOORS

MOUNTINGOVERLAY AN D()()R
D r i l l i n h o l e so rh i n g e s g f I D r i l t h e h o l e so r E u r o p e a n p h i n g e s l f cu i , w i t ha c o m m e r c id rli l l i n jg g a n dg u i d eo r a y m a k e o u ro w nj i g b y i n s t a l l i na p l y w o o d g f e n c e n db a c k u p o a r d n y o u rd r i l lp r e s s . a b o F i tt h ed r i l lw i t ha 3 5 - m i l l i m e t F o r s t n e r er b r t ,a n ds c r e wh ef e n c e n db a c k u p o a r d t a b m t o g e t h ea s s h o w nF o l l o wh e h i n g e a n r . t re n u f a c t u r e r 'i n s t r u c t i o n s g a rid g r e c o m s m e n d e d o r i n g e p t ha n dd i s t a n c er o m b d f
ihp pdsp nf ihp dnnr' rrqo : nionp nf snr:n

'l

y w o o d o p r o p e r lp o s i t i o tn e j i g .C l a m p t h t h e 1 i g o t h e d r r l lp r e s sa b l e , n d m a r k t t a t h e c e n t e r l i no f t h e h o l eo n t h e f e n c e . e N e x t ,m a r kt h e l o c a t i o n f t h e h i n g e s n o o t h e d o o r sd e p e n d i no n t h e s i z eo f t h e ; g d o o ry o ua r ew o r k i n g i t h .h i n g e s a n b e w c i n s t a l l e a n y w h e rfe o m3 t o 6 i n c h e s d r f r o me i t h e r n do f t h e d o o r ; a r ka s i m i l a r e m c e n t e r l i no n t h e f e n c e . a yt h e d o o rf a c e e L d o w no n t h e d r i l lp r e s sa b l ea n d b u t t i t t , a g a i n s h ef e n c ea l i g n i na h i n g e a r k tt g m w i t ht h e c e n t e r l i n e . o l dt h e d o o rs t e a d y H . a n d d r i l lt h e h o l e( / e f f ) S l i d et h e d o o r a l o n gl,i n eu p t h es e c o n h i n g e a r k i t h d m w t h ec e n t e r l i n a n dd r i l lt h e s e c o n d o l e . e, h

Installing hinges the L t o w o r kc o m f o r t a b l p , a c e h e d o o r yl t f a c ed o w no n a w o r ks u r f a c eW r t ht h e . p m o u n t i n g l a t e t t a c h et o t h e h i n g e r m , a d a y f i t t h eb o d y f t h eh i n g en t h eh o l e o u o i d r i l l e d n s t e p1 . T h e n ,m a k i n g u r et h a t i s y t h e h i n g e r m i s p e r f e c t lp e r p e n d i c u l a r a
tn ihp odop nf ihp dnnr f:qtpn ihc hinop

r)

p i n p l a c e i t ht h e s c r e w s r o v i d e d yt h e w b manulaclurer(risht).

DOORS

plate Installing mounting the plate With mounting stillattached thehinge, the to align thedoor thecabinet shown, extend hinge to with as and the arms plate buttthe mounting against panel. the Making that sure Hanging door the plate plate theadjustment screws themounting arein mid-position, on Slide hinge the arms onto mounting until the they (above), screw plate mark reference unscrew mounting from a line, the intoposition the click then them together. the Close hinge arms, fasten to thecabinet (above). need and it side This door check position. and its Adjust height, the depth, lateral or precise; hinge easily adjusted position thedoor looseningtightening appropriate notbeoverly the can be after of by or the (step plate. installation 4). adjustment screws thehinge on arms mounting and

INSTATTING EUR()PEAN-STYIEFRAME FACE HINGES
Installing hinge the European-style arealso hinges available forface frame cabinets, predominant the cabinet in North style American kitchens. Install hinges thedoors thesame the to in you manner would overlay an door, but plate the inside fasten mounting the to (left). edge thefaceframe of

75

DOORS

INSTALLING A FLUSH.MOUNTED DOOR
Routing moftises hinge I Torout mortises butthinges for the on a f lush-mounted firstmake hinge door, a jie mortising (inset). Draw centerline a across widthof a piece %-inch the of plywood center hrnge onthe and a leaf board's Trace profile the edge. the of hardware thetemplate. install Next, on a straight-cutting a router rest bit in and the bitontheleftedge thehinge of outline. Make mark theIeftside therouter a at of plate. base Repeat procedurethe the at right inside and edges theoutline. of Use profile a square complete template to the position Now andcut it outona band saw. thehinge thecabinet andmeasure on side thedistance thebottom thecabifrom of netto themidpoint thehinge. of Measure thesame distance thecenterline from of thetemplate either of thejig to end a n dt r i m i t t o l e n g t hF i n a l l y ,u tt w o . c for and them the small blocks lios nail to frontof your template. usethejig, To olace cabinet itsside a work the on on surface, settherouter's then depth cut of to thethickness the hinge of leaf. Butt thetemplate against bottom the the of cabinet clamp in and both place. Using rout thetemplate a guide, the moras right).BuIt the template Iise (above, against topof thecabinet repeat the and thecut.Use chisel square corners. a to the 'l

r) Hanging door the L to cut mating mortises theedge in of in thedoor, secure workpiece the edge-up Mark hinge a vise. the outlines theedge on from of thedoor transferring location their pin thecabinet side; make thehinge sure projects theedge. guide over Clamp edge an to thefaceof thedoor orovidewider to a bearing surface therouter, rout for then the mortises. shrm door Next, the witha piece of wood thedoor level thecabiso is with net.Setthehinge leaves themortises in cut inthecabinet sides, screw hardware and the in placetighil.

76

DOORS

INSTALLING A TILT-OUT TRAY SINK

the 1 Attaching hinges I A tilt-out trayisa handy sink spacesaving fixture storing for soap, scouring pads, sponges of sight close yet and out at hand. install tray,irstremove To the f thefalse drawer from cabinet front the andplace ona work it surface. Follow themanufacturer's instructions to trace t h eo p e n i no f t h et r a y nt h e i n s i d e g o of thedrawer front. Next, upa hinge line withtheedge theoutline center of and (When hinge it onthedrawer front, the i sc l o s e dt,w i l lb ei n t h em i d d l o f t h e i e drawer face.) Hold hinge theoutthe to l i n ea n ds c r e wt t o t h ed r a w e r o n t . i f Repeat process theother the for hinge. r) Re-attaching thedrawer front L Xtacn twoscrews holdthe the that tray place in before installation. makThen, ingsure spring mechanismthe to the of h i n g f i r s tl,i n e pt h eh i n g i n t h em i d d l e e u e of thedrawer frame screw entire and the unitin place. Attach other the hinge, and hang tray the from twoscrews, the

77

fttu

D
proportioned well-built roperly and 83).Otheroptions, thelockmiter like I drawers anindispensable of part (page dado are (page andthedou37), 35), anykitchen. Likecabinet welldoors, bledado suitable are alternatives. styleddrawerfrontscan contribute Kitchen place drawers tough demands handsomely the overall to look of a onthemounting method to secure used kitchen. theirappealing hide Yet faces themto thecasework. Side-mounted firll thekitchen's abused most elements: the extension (page are sltdes 89) designed to drawers themselves. organization Their withstand rigorous andare very use, the and construction ofparamount are imporbestchoice your budgetpermits. if tance, avisually for striking kitchen can (page are Bottom-mounted slides 87) beafrustrating to workif itsdrawplace notquite strong, are expensive as but less ersarehaphazardly located jamevery or andeasier install. to timetheyareopened. When comes theappearance it to of Kitchen drawers bebuilt to last. must akitchen, frontisthemost the important They yanked andslammed are open shut part of a drawer. design your The of countless aday. times Worse, drawers in Drawers inJluence andfeelof a can look drawer fronts helpsetthetonefor will thekitchen often are weighed down with kitchen. With their molded edges and thekitchen's Howwellthedrawers style. appliances crammed of cutlery roundpulls,thebankof overlay and full drawers areinstalled also prove bea lastwill to andutensils, anyshortcut so made in in thekitchen shown above speaks a of ing testimonial yourcraftsmanship. to theirconstruction eventually will com- verytraditional,almostVictorian, style. It can atime-consuming to hang be task promise strength utility. their and perfectly adrawer it rests so straight and Thischapter details techniques the involved building level, alone in let several banks drawers a cabinet of in run. strong, attractive, smoothly functioning (page canreduce drawers. con- Applytng false The a frontto thedrawer 93) the struction guides pages and81offeranoverview on 80 ofyour timespent fussing levels drawer with and slides. minimal Wth joinery, options drawer for faces, mounting, materials. experience, canquickly accurately and you and install false fronts Youreventual choice depend yourexperience, will on shop onbothinset overlay and drawers. if themounted Even drawsetup, timetable. and Whenit comes joinery, to there little ers is themselves slightly are uneven, will appear behung they to joint (page with theprecise of a master question thestrongest isthethrough that dovetail eye cabinetmaker. 'p

A bankof insetdrawers aframeless in cabinet theone like shownat left allowslittle roomfor error.By installing need behungperfectly; false not the fakefronts,thedrawers canthenbepositioned straight and levelto thecase. fronts

79

DRAWER CONSTRUCTION
DRAWER INSET DRAWER OVERLAY

-q

Alsohnwn as a llush-f'ont drawer,an ilset To within itscabinet. hide dra;er fits entirely s the ud grain of the drawer sides, raltbetcan be ctff irtto the bttck Jaceof the drawerf'ont as shownabove,or a falseJi'otttcan be ndcled.

Arr overlaydrawerfenttn"es sepnrote n .fhlsa to A fi'ont screwed the drawer.fi'ortt. false.fitrtt is typicallylorgerthart its drawerc0tulterpart tlrc of so thnt it overlays faceJi'nrrte tlrc cobitrct.

DRAWER J()INTS

Throughdovetail Veryotron4, decorativejotnt eutLable for any drawercor' ner; end qrain of drawer aideecan be concealed wtth falae front. Ueedonly with eolid wood.

Front/back

Lock miter joint Commonly ueedLojoin drawer for backeLo eidee;autLable solid wood.plywood. melamirte. or
AIao known aa a drawer lockjoint; cut wtLh a epectal ehaper cul,Ler

or rouLerbtt. )uttable for aolid wood,plywood, and melamine.

Front/back

Doubledado Canbe uaed for all cornera of a drawer; conceal6 ena gratn of etdee. Suitableonly for eolid wood.

DRAWERS

DRAWER HANGING METHODS Wooden runners thop-made otripe of wood acrewed to ordepanelaof cabineteiL in groovee cut in drawer etdee;drawer can be exLended about.% of ita length. to

Eottom-mounted alidee Commercial meLalahdee; runnero screwed to the lowercorneraof the drawermate with tracke faetened Lo cabinet eidee:drawer can be extendedabout% of ita len7f,h.

Commercial metal alidee;runnero aLtach Lo drawer eideand mate wiLh track mountedon cabinet atdee;extension mechaniam eomemodeleallows tn drawer to be fully exLended.

MATERIALS DRAWERS FOR
MATERIAT Solid wood plywood Cabinet-grade USES Sides, backs, fronts, false fronts Sides, backs, fronts, false fronts, drawer bottoms Sides, backs, fronts, false fronts, bottoms S i d e sb a c k sf,r o n t s , , false fronts COMMENTS U s ep i n e r o t h e r n e x p e n s iw o o do rd r a w ec a r o i ve f r case; save more attractive species false for fronts Useplainsawn veneer false for fronts; edges false trim of fronts topedges drawer and of sides withsolid wood (page use%"panels drawer banding 48); for bottoms (page Trimall edges laminate banding with edge 49); use%"panels drawer for bottoms yet Easy work, fairlyheavy drawer to for construction; mustbe painted veneered or

Melamine Medium density fiberboard

B1

DRAWERS

BANKS DRAWERS OF PLANNING

t--;---l
l

t-;-l t--:---l
Graduated drawera Two middle drawers of equal height,

r-:---l t t
Three upper draweraof equalheight
Three lower drawera of equal height

l

Laying a bank drawers out of for rule There only generally is one accepted of thumb planning than should never smaller be heights:lower a drawer drawer order The eye theoneabove. human appreciates in proportion; placing look a larger drawers smaller makes cabinet atop ones of Experiment drawers a matter taste. are top-heavy. Otherwise, from above takemeasurements other or withthedesigns shown

you you mark Once have decided a layout, the on kitchens like. (page lf 25). onthecabinet's pole story location thedrawers of your to have frames, thechart face use below calcucabinets pieces. example, width a of For the late size thedrawer the of be withbottom-mounted runners should drawer to beused side opening, less the of %inch than height thedrawer

DRAWER CALCULATING DIMENSIONS
depth. dimensions orcabinet amounts theopening from Subtract these ()F PTANNING BANKS DRAWERS mounted runners Side front With flush front With overlapping Bottom mounted runners front With flush front Withoverlapping Wooden runners flush front With With front overlapping HEIGHT
'/ou

WIDTH
1u

DEPTH of front %"+ thickness false

Y4'

I 1 1
YB' Ya'

%' %'

% ' + thickness falsefront of %'

You YAu

of front % ' + thicknessfalse
%'

82

BUILDINGDRAWERS
tend a ]l rawers to take lot of abuse, Ll sostrength of utmost is importance when A building them. drawer has that been stapled together lookfine,and may will even workwell-for awhile.Butin a fewyears will startto loosen, it sag, andeventually apart. fall Whendesigning strengh, for nothjoint. ingtops through the dovetail Many woodworkers remain intimidated the by degree ofprecision needed execute to yet thisjoint properly, commercial router jigshave placed once-exacting this task within reach every of cabinetmaker. If you do not have router, doublea the dado, joint almost strong the a as as through dovetail, becut on your can table Unfortunately, saw. neither these of joints works in plywood, of the well one mostcommon kitchen cabinet materials. plywood, lockmiter(page For a 37) jointcan used. or dado be

A lockmiterjoint is an easy wayto turn out perfectly drawer fining parts by thedozen. joint feaThe tures identical cutsin theendof one boardand thefaceof themating board.Thesteps makinga lock for miterjoint areshown page on 37.

CUTTING THROUGH DOVETAITS

joints Routing through dovetail joining drawer dovetailjoints, thepinsin the When a with cut frontandback the drawer, thetailsin the sides. of and To jig cut thedovetails thecommercial shown with above, screw thepin-andtail-board templates backup to boards, secure then oneof thedrawer sides up in a bench end vise. Protecting the pad, witha wood stock clamp tailtemplate theworkthe to piece theundersidethetemplate butted so of is against the endof the board. clamp stopblock Also a against edge one of the drawer sothetailsat the other side endwill match. Install top-piloted a dovetail in the router setthe bit and

depth slightly to more thanthethickness thedrawer of front. Cutthetailsbyfeeding toolalong topof thetemplate the the andmoving bit in andoutof thejig'sslols(above, the left). Keep bit pilotpressed the against sides theslot.Repeat the of to rout tailsat theother of theboard in theother the end and drawer side. Then thecompleted to outline oins use tails the onthedrawer front andback. Secure either in thevise, one rd c l a m p h e p i n - b o a t e m p l a tte t h e b o a r d i t ht h es l o t s t o w aligned theoutline, secure stopblock place. over and the in Rout pinswitha top-piloted the straight (above, bit righil.

83

DRAWERS

DADO DOUBLE JOINTS
dadoes thedrawer in front 1 Cuttins I M a r k n ee n do f t h ed r a w efr o n t , o t is d i v i d i nig st h i c k n e sn t ot h i r d sT h e n , . i n s t a la d a d o e a d n v o u r a b l e a w . l h o t s its to the adjusting width one{hird thickfront. thecutting ness thedrawer of Set height equal thethicknessthedrawer to of i l s i d e sN e x t i,n s t a la t e n o n i nj gg ;t h e . i s m o d es h o w n l i d e sn t h e m i t e r l o t . l s p w P r o t e c t i nh es t o c k i t ha w o o d a d , tg c l a m ph ed r a w e r o n t o t h ej i g ;m a r k t f a w t t h eo u t s i dfe c e i t ha nX . M o v eh el i g the with sidewaysalign blade themidto T o d l et h i r d f t h eb o a r d . u r n nt h es a w o t s a n ds l i d e h ej i g a l o n gh em i t e r l o t o t Turn drawer frontover cut thedado. the a n dc l a m p t t o t h ej i g t o c u tt h ed a d o i at the otherend(right).

r) Trimming tongues the fence the rip fence. Mark L lnstall wood a auxiliary on a c u t t i n gi n eo nt h ee d g e f t h ed r a w e r o n t h a td i v i d ets e l o f h face With stock the flush against tongue its inside in half. on gauge, inside-face align mark theblade. the with themiter down, Buttthefence against stock raise blades cut the and the to notch thefence. thecutting in height trimthe a relief Set to front halftongue. Holding drawer f irmly the against gauge, the (above). the board feedit intothecutters Turn around and reoeat orocedure other the atthe end.

in sides Cutting matching dadoes thedrawer Q r . J T o j o i n t h e d r a w e s i d e s o t h e f r o n t ,c u t a d a d on e a rt h e r t f r o n te n d o f e a c hs i d e .T h ed a d om u s tm a t ew i t h t h e h a l f h t o n g u e n t h e f r o n t .S e tt h e c u t t i n g e i g h t o t h e l e n g t h f t h e o o h a l f - t o n g u e d s c r e w w o o d e n x t e n s i ob o a r d o t h e m i t e r an a e n t g a u g eT o s e tt h e w i d t ho f c u t , b u t t t h e d r a w e s i d ea g a i n s t . r t h e f r o n ta n d u s ea p e n c itl o o u t l i n eh e h a l f - t o n g u e t h e t on d r a w es i d e .H o l dt h e s i d ea g a i n stth e e x t e n s i oa n da l i g nt h e r n m a r k s i t ht h e d a d oh e a d C l a m p s t o pb l o c k l u s ha g a i n s t w . a f andfeedthe board cut the dadohbovd. the endof the stock to R e p e atth e c u t o n t h e o t h e rs i d e .

B4

DRAWERS

PREPARING DRAWER A B()TT()M THE F()R PANEL
panel Cutting groove thebottom the for Dry-assembledrawer mark the and any spots where joints the bind; a chisel use to pare small amounts wood achieve of to a good Next, your fit. use table to cut saw a groove thedrawer andsides in front to panel. accommodatebottom the Install a d a d o e a da d j u s t i n g ew i d t h o t h e h , th t panel thicknessthebottom of stock. Set thecutting height halfthestock to thickness adjust riptence leave and the to a %-inch border between bottom the of thegroove theboard and edge. Feed the drawer across table front the using push a (Caution:thisillustration slick(right). In the guard been blade has removed clarifor t y . )R e p e a h ec u to n t h ed r a w e ri d e s . tt s F i n a l l r a i s t h eb l a d e e i g h t b i th i g h y, e h a e r t h a nt h es t o c kh i c k n e s s dr i pt h e t an d r a w e ra c k o w i d t hT h i s i l la l l o wh e b . w t t panel slrde position bottom to into when thedrawer assembled, is

ASSEMBLING DRAWER THE
the 1 Clamping drawer I A web clamp corner with brackets is ideal gluing drawers. webdisfor up The pressure tributes evenly among four all corners, thebrackets to spread while help joint. thepressure thelengh each along of glue Touse web the clamps shown, apply t o t h ec o n t a c t i n g r f a c e sn da s s e m su a blethedrawer a work on surface. Next, f it thecorner brackets olace. in Wrao the s t r a p s r o u n dh ed r a w ec a r c a sa n d a t r e t i g h t e nh e mw i t ht h e b u c k l eb e f o r e t s (left). locking themin place When the a d h e s i v e s u r e dr,e m o vte ec l a m p s ha c h andapply edge banding thetopedges to of thedrawer.

85

DRAWERS

the O lnstalling bottom L f rimthe bottom oanel'/,e narinch between two the rower thanthesoace grooves. thepanel place into from Slide the back(above). notapply glue. Do any This allow drawer to expand will the sides o r c o n t r a c t i t hc h a n g e s h u m i d i t y ; w in p a r t i c u l a rfl yh es i d e s r em a d er o m f i t a solid wood. Secure bottom the witha nails thedrawer in back. couole finish of

rltffr IItffilj{t llll lllt ljli II]fin tjll lll ilt fill flfl ljlt itl ntl
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Eliminating drawer rattle DrawerbolNome alwayofiatad t looeely allowfor to woodmovement, thio Unfor1unately, lead can somelimeo lo an annoytnq raNlle.An eaoy fix for this io to jam little wedqee the bottom belween paneland the drawer sides.Cut four lo six wedaes ge for eachoffendina drawer. eure Lo cut,lhemeo the grainie oriented a aN riqhL anqle the taper.Thiowillmakeit eaoy No to breakoff. Toinetall eachwedqe, iNin place. Nap Finallybreakoff lhe exceesby liflinq the wedqe.

DRAWER SLIDES AND RUNNERS
ommercial slides simplifed have the f of to U installation drawers thepoint where that theyhave virtuallysupplanted all otherdrawer-hanging hardware, andfor goodreason. slides simThe are ple to installand canbe secured with only threeor four screws. Somecommercialslides evenallowfor fine tunins and canbe adjusted verticallyafterthi have screws beeninstalled. For the kitchenuser,commercial drawer slidesalso offer unmatched durability. Goodqualityside-mounted slides(page89) arerigorouslytested; theymust openand close flawlessly at Ieast 100,000 timesand supporta load of 150poundswhen fully extended. (below) Bottom-mounted slides cannot bearnearly muchweight, areconas but siderably expensive. less Wooden slides (page still havea place. 91) Inexpensive to make,they areperfectlysuitable for Somebottom-mounteddrawer slidescan extend light-dutysituations. a drawer itsfull length to display the contentsinside.

INSTATTING BOTTOM.MOUNTED STIDES
the to 1 Attaching runner thedrawer I Bottom-mounted consist two slides of parts: runner attaches the bota that to tomof thedrawer slide anda track that is secured the cabinet to sides. Before place in front installing first the drawer, it p o f t h ec a s e n dl a yo u tt h es l i d e a r t s a y b e s i d et . M a k e u r e o uu n d e r s t a n d i s piece anditsorientation. goes where each p o s i t i otn er u n n e r ,e tt h ed r a w e r To h s o n i t s s i d e n db u t tt h er u n n ea g a i n s t a r the bottom thedrawer asshown. of side Inset hardware inchback the %e from the drawer f rontso it will notinterfere with the falsefronl(page 93).fhe runner canbesecured frombelow fromthe or lf side. youareusing solid wood plyor wood, attach fromtheside. youhave it lf chosen melamine, attach runner the from (/eff). both below In cases, pilotholes drill f irst avoid to splitting material. the

87

DRAWERS

Positioning tracks the pole(page thenmove y height fromthecabinet story 25) g O n c e o uh a v e e t e r m i n eh es p a c i no f t h ed r a w e r s drawer d td (page position tracks bottom-mounted onthe thesquare track and together align bottom thetrack to the of 82), the for slides using a withthisdistance Given combined the thicknessthe of sides thecabinet. of Place track thecabinet a on side, hbovd. front. runner track, means bottom thedrawer and this the of sides framing square holdit at a right to angle thecabinet to p place track withthe w i l lb ea c t u a l l yb o u% z - i n c h g h et r a no nt h es t o r y o l e . a t hi h face frame the almost flush For cabinets, Thisbit of extra clearance thedrawer over below notbe wrll front for cabinets theone like edge thecabinet; frameless of f s F inset drawer thethickness thefalse by of n o t i c e a b lie c eh ef a l s er o n t w i l lc o v etrh eg a p . i n a l l y , s n t shown above, the holes thetrack rn onto cabinet the inch. Measure theappropriate out mark oredrilled the side. front stock;typically about%

the Q Fastening tracks r-,f Drill oilot a hole each themarks at of youmade step1, wrapping in a piece of h t a p e r o u ntd ed r i l lb i tt o e n s u rte a t a h the thescrews notpass do through side f n i o f t h ec a b i n eT.h e n a s t e t h et r a c k n t place in witha screw eachholetighil. lf youhave more thanonedrawer install to at a certain height, a plywood cut spacer to fit between track thecabinet the and You this all bottom. canuse to place the at the height without tracks exactly same Repeat 1 measuring. steps and2 forthe in other drawers thecabinet.

88

DRAWERS

INSTALLING SIDE.MOUNTED SLIDES
'l Attaching runners thedrawer I Unlike bottom-mounted the slides, runners a side-mounted of drawer slide canbeattached thesideof a drawer to at anyheight. make To installation easier, always offset runner same the the distance fromthe bottom edge thedrawer of side. Therunner theillustration olaced in was 3%inches fromtheedge, measuring to t h ec e n t eo f t h er u n n e r . a k e s i m o l e r M a jig to position therunners exactly all at thesame spot each on drawer. Fasten some one-inch-square asa lipto a stock 12-inch length plywood, trimthe of then jigto width hold runner theright to the at position shown. attach as To each runner, firstseparate runner the from track. the Then clamp jigto thedrawer and the side hold runner the against making it it, sure is f lush withthedrawer front. Secure the runner with screws tight).

jiq Poaitioninq

r) Fastening tracks the Z- Position tracks thesides the the on of cabinet accordingthedesired to spacing (page 82) Forthe lowest track, simply measure offset thedrawer the of runner (above) thecabinet from bottom, adding Yo inch clearance. a lineat this for Draw height. thetrack Hold against cabinet the srde center predrilled holes and the screw o v e t h e l i n e .F o r a c e r a m e a b i n e t s , r f f c position track it is nearly the so f lush with t h ef r o n to f t h ec a b i n e t ; r f r a m e l e s s fo cabinets, thetrack thethickness inset by of thefalse frontstock. Fasten track the (left). he higher withscrews f tracks canbe positioned adding drawer by the pole height specified thecabinet on story 25)totherunner offset. Remember @age t o m e a s u rt e t h e c e n t eo f t h et r a c k . o r Repeat steps and2 fortheother I drawers.

89

DRAWERS

the Q Installing drawer lf youhave caref positioned ully and vl i n s t a l l etd e r u n n e ra n dt r a c k st ,h e h s drawers behung simply can by slipping runners theslides into mounted on their Toremove drawer, thecabinet sides. the it releases extend fully then thelever trip on both slrdes kbove).

lljt ffilltllit tllt filt lllr filt llllilIl lllt fill tlll fitr ljlt fill illt tlll
Tt? 9HO7
7uildingup faaeframe cabineto drawer )ince mosl commercial slidesare desianedto ecrewed be to of direcbly the eidee a cabinel, lhey cannol be ueedon face framecabineNe withoutcerlain adjuetmenNe. anuf M acturer e makeepecialbrackeLe thie qap buI a Nobridqe muchelurdier, ehoemade alternaNive NobuildupNhe ie cabineNeidee,Rio eome 1'/z-inch-Nhick

eolidetock equalin widLh Nhe lo dietancebelween edgeof the face Nhe frameandthe eidee Nhe of cabinet,.You willneedthree upriqhL pieceo IhaN eNreNch the and lop of Nhe Drill holes Nhe in between bothom cabineN. pilot, fourto sixiiches.Locaile upriqhLo every eachoi Lheupriqh\e eo then f astenthe it io oppooit a pre-drilled e suew holein the olide, o?acero the cabinet tro sidewith woodscrews. NowNhe slidecan beoecurely inslalled linewiththe inside in edqeof Ihe f aceframe.

90

DRAWERS

Longbefore advent commerthe of cial drawerslides, cabinetmakers weremakingsimple fficient yet drawerrunners from wood.The drawerin thefaceframe cabinet shownat right hasdadoes into cut its sides that slideoverwooden runners mounted theinside to of thecabinet. Four notched blocks scretued theface to frame and cabinetbacksupport each runner.To installwooden runners aframein less cabinet, thesteps see below.

HANGING DRAWERS SHOP-MADE WITH RUNNERS
grooves thedrawer in sides 1 Cutting I Before assembling drawer, a the cut groove the runner theoutside for in face of each drawer Tomake side. installation groove same easier, offset each the disfromthe bottom tance edge the drawer of side. There norigid are rules thewidth for of thegroove, it should but accommodate slides thatarethickenough support to thedrawer. your On tablesawinstall a dadohead same the widthasthe groove. Draw cutting lines thegroove the for in middle the leading of onedrawer of end side. Also mark depth thegroove; the of i t s h o u l d e n o m o r eh a no n e - h atlh e b t f stock thickness. the lines the Butt for groove against dado the head, thencrank theblades to thedepth up line. Buttthe ripfence flush against stock make the and thecut.Repeat each for drawer side.

91

DRAWERS

r) Installing slides the L ltull slide the stock itsthickness so andwidthareabout inchless hz thanthe n d i m e n s i oo fs h eg r o o vie t h ed r a w e r nt Trim a shorter sides. theslides fewinches t h a nt h ec a b i n e ti d e st,h e nd r i l lt h r e e s ho i c o u n t e r b o rce e a r a n c e l e sn e a c h . ld Position wooden the slides youwould as commercial side-mounted @age slides 89. Hold slide it is insetromthefront a so f o t e d g e f t h ec a b i n eb yt h et h i c k n e s s front it of thefalse stock, thenscrew in (righil. place Test-f the drawer. it is it lf t o ol o o s e , d ds h i m s n d etrh es l i d e s ; a u i f t o ot i g h t , e m o vie a n dp l a n e rs a n d r t o i t s l i g h t t yi nn e r . lh

drawer Q Fine-tuning fit remove r-,1Slide drawer itsrunners.thesides the onto lf bind, areas thesides-high on spots thedrawer mark shiny and any plane. secure drawer To the thatcanbeshaved witha hand off forplaning, board a workbench oneedge to with clamp wide a Remove bottom the of extending theside shown. over as the drawer hang drawer theboard the binding and the on so side

i s f a c i n g p .T h e n l a m p n o t h e ro a r do t h ew o r k b e n c h , u c a b t butting against drawer; a bench to keep secit the use dog the withbothhands, ondboard frommoving. Gripping plane the (above). shave the marked off spots withsmooth, even strokes Test-fit drawer repeat it slides the and until smoothly. Replace
ihp hnfinm nanpl

92

FALSE FRONTS AND HARDWARE
f, alsefrontssolvethe problemof I hanging drawers theyare so perfectly straight level. and Wth thefalse front system, thedrawers a cabinet all in are mounted close level possible, as to as thenthefrontsarepositioned individuallysotheyareplumbandlevel with thecase face or frame. Shims used are to fine-tune fit. Thelocation the the of false fronts marked nailtiosset are with in the drawers, the draweri then are removed thefalse and fronts fastened are in place. False frontscanbeused with either framelessface or frame cabinets. forThe
mer always uses insetdrawers(below), while the lattercanhaveeitherinsetor (page80). overlay drawers Installing knobs or pulls is not tricky, but takethe time to do it right. The key is to centerthe hardware on the drawer front. Techniquesfor installing the two different types of hardwareare shownon page97.

Oneof thefinal touches makinga in draweris addingtheappropriate handleor knob.Herea drawerknobis attached aframe-and-panel front. to false

()N INSTALLING FRONTS INSET FALSE DRAWERS
Preparing drawer the I 0ncethe drawer slides have been (pages properly mounted 87-92),setthe drawer face-up a work on surface drive and twobrads thedrawer into front, leaving protruding. sure brads theirhead Make the arenotlocated pull where drawer will the beinstalled. snip theheads, Then off leavingabout inch % exposed. 'l

=--l - l=

93

DRAWERS

fronts Attaching false the of Posiof to Apply thinlayer glue thefront thedrawer. a o f i u t i o nt h ef a l s er o n t n p l a c el,i n i n g pt h ei n d e n t a t i oyn su f i t C p m a d en s t e p w i t ht h eb r a di p s . l a m t h ef a l s er o n t n i 2 t p l a c e h e n r i l l p i l o h o l e e ae a c h o r n e r o m h ei n s i d e f n r c t t, d a r o t o f t h ed r a w e m a r k h ep r o p ed e p t h nt h eb i t w i t hs o m e r; . a h h m a s k i n a p e o a v o i d r i l l i ntg r o u gth ef r o n tF i n a l lfy s t e n tg t thickfront withscrews inch % shorter thetotal than thefalse Iront(above). ness thedrawer of r) Marking drawer fronts the Z lnstall thedrawers their all on slides. posiwith drawer, Starting the bottom place. fa f i t i o ni t sm a t c h i n g l s er o n t n rh t U s e a o eo r c a r d b o as d i m so l e v e l o r gap front create even and an thefalse it % of about inchbetweenandthecabPull above inetbottom. outthedrawer false the to ensure it clears bottom that When front; trimthefrontif necessary. youaresatisf withthef it, push ied the driving the false frontintothedrawer, Apply laminate the brad into wood. tips (page to theedges 4& of edge banding 3 front, thenproceed step to to thefalse fronts of install Mark rest thefalse it. the each against way, thesame shimming one it drawer benealh bbove). thef inished

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w i d t h o f a k i b c h e nc a b i -

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o t i c k a q a i n o N n e o i d ea n d L h e o t h e r o a q a i n e l N h eo p p o o i t es i d e . M a r k a l i n e

them and realiqn the Remove acro;ethe eNicks. you lenquh the stickswillgive of marke.Ihe combined for meaouremenN Ihe lenathof the faleefronN. Nhecorrect,

94

DRAWERS

INSTALTING FRONTS OVERTAY FALSE ON DRAWERS
the fronts 1 Chamferingfalse I Falseronts overlay f on drawers typically have some of edge sort treatment, (shown such rounding chamfering as over, here), more or involved shaping. size First thefalse fronts match drawer to the carplus desired case front, the overlap. To chamfer edges thefalse the of front, install a piloted chamfering in a router 45" bit and mount toolin a table. the Align fence the withthebit'spilot bearing adjust and the height thebitto cutall but%u of inch of thefront's edges ends. and Clamp two featherboards fence, on either to the one side thebit,to hold stock of the against t h et a b l e ( l n t h e i l l u s t r a t i oh ef r o n t . tn featherboard been has removed clarifor ty.)Toreduce tearout, chamfer ends the b e f o r t h e s i d e sF e e dh e w o r k o i e c e e . t across table the witha push stick, using your hand press stock left to the against the f ence(righil.

r) Marking false the front L Ltlarnfalse foranoverlay fronts drawer (page asyouwould an inset for drawer 93). Theexample leftshows side-byat two side drawers a pair doors. supover of A port block clamped is beneath drawer the p t o h e l p o s i t i o n ef a l s er o n t n p l a c e . th f i prepare front thedrawers First the of by inserting cutting a pair brads and off of (page To place support 93). the block, draw lineonthedrawer where a rail the part lowest of thefalse front be.Clamp will theblock place, setthefalse in then front ontopof rt.Finetune block's position the b yt a p p i n ig l i g h t l w i t ha m a l l eu n t i l t y t thefalse front level at exactly sits and the rrght height. Then move front the right or leftto center horizontally. it Finally, hold thefront position push drawer in and the intothefrontto mark (lef).fhe front it (page canbescrewed thedrawer to 94) (page orglued place in 96).

95

DRAWERS

fronts on Q Gluing false a and r.,l Remove drawer spread the on of of thrnlayer glue theback thefalse with in front. Place front position, the the Hold in twobrads theirimpressions. the bar using assembly together, quick-action and the of clamps along edge thefront C clamps along bottom the deep-throated pads protect stock withwood edge; the Tighten clamps the where necessary. are between untilthere nogaps evenly frontandthedrawer thefalse bbovd.

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1eauringfalse lronts with double-facedtape Double-f tape ie aced a quickand eaey / wayto Vooition S._ and holdfalee lronNein place inotallinq while Slick a eNriV Nhem. LaVe of double-faced to the fronl of the For drawercarcage. face frame cabi' (ehown here), holdthe f alsefront neNo in placewith a 6u??ortboard.For shimLhefront, framelees cabinets. shime.Then with paperor card,board, so the oushthe fronN aaaineL drawer ineLall iaVe,Finally, it uticketo Nhe Ihe faleefront with ocrewe.

fri

DRAWERS

HANDTES PULTS AND
Installing knobs I Drawers sinele with knobs should have t h e k n o b e n t e r ei d t h em i d d l e f t h e c n o drawer front. findthe center, To draw d i a g o n ac s n n e c t i n g p o s i tce r n e r s , lo op o just marking near middle thedrawer the of (right); notmake lines dark do the too or t h e y i l lb ed i f f c u l t o e r a s ea t e rD r i l l w i l . a c l e a r a n c e l e o rt h e k n o bt;h eh o l e ho f should justa shade be larger thebolt than sotheknob base have will something to bear against. lnstall knob the after applyinga finish thefront. to 'l

r') Installing pulls drawer L me holes drawer area little pulls for more time-consuming to mark. Most fronts a r el a i d u ts ot h ep u l li s l e v ea n dc e n o l tered both horizontally vertically; and some pulls taller drawers have placed bit may a below halfway the mark. a single For cenp t e r e d u l l , e g i n yd r a w i na l i n e h a t b b g t divides frontin halflengthwise. the Use a framing square layouttheline, to then d o u b l c h e c k i t ha r u l e t o m a k e u r e e w r s thatit is even both at ends. Measure out theexact midpoint thislineandmake of a mark. Measure distance center the from to center thetwoends thepulland of of divide number two.Mark this this in out d i s t a n co n t h ec e n t e r l i nm,e a s u r i n g e e f r o mb o t h i d e s f t h em i d p o i n D r i l l s o t. clearance through front these holes the at twopoints. Install pullafter the applying a finish thefront. to

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V ) .

NSTALLNG CABINETS
kitchen cabinets can Pinpointingirregularities in f nstalling I bethebest times. the of and kitchensurfaces covered is on worst. Best, becausemarks it the page102.Lowercabinet runs completion an arduous of task; (page fia) areusually installed worst. because installation of first,followed theuppercabby perfect cabinets an imperfect in inets(page 115). Some cabinetkitchen sure put yourcabis to makers,however, install the inetmaking skillsto the test. upper cabinets arguing first, that Until now,you have worked on it is easier dothistaskwith the to paper in therelative and calmof lowercabinets of theway. out yourworkshop, carefully craftA transfer scribe accurately thecontours Whileeitheroptionwill work, follows ing your cabinets by one. one of a wall and drawsa matchinglineontoa scribe stand-alone peninsulas kitchen Buta kitchen not a workshop. rail. Oncetherail isplanedor sanded thisline, is (pages to andislands 112-114) are Whenyoubringyour cabinets thecabinet fit seamlessly it is installed. will when best installed astheycancrelast, on siteandstartinstalling them, atetrafficjamsduringinstallayou mayfind yourself dealing with problems hadnot tion, no matterhow well theyareexpected work in the you to anticipated, working often against clock. the finishedkitchen. Forexample, matter no howpainstakinglyyou exehave Placed levelers, plinths, theirownintegral on or bases, the yourstorypoles built yourcabinets theirspec- lower cuted and (page arcshimmed to cabinets 104) frombehind their so ifications, there undoubtedlybe between carcases faces plumbandaligned will gaps the are flushwith each other, thenthe andthewalls, floors, ceilings. isbecause walls and This the of cases fastened thewallstuds. are to Utilityhookups ashot such a room,unlike yourcabinets, rarely are straight. Fortunately, andcoldwater supplies, drainpipes, electrical and outlets out-of-plumb walls easily straightened adding can be (page by addi- require planning special 108). Before installing cabinets (page andscribing tionalrailsto theendcabinets 104) them around hookups, such check aprofessional with plumber and (photo, above). scribe canthenbeplaned sanded electrician ensure thepipes sound thewiringis The rail or to that are and to conform thewall. to in goodcondition. Upper cabinets mounted are using nailer Thechapter follows that guides through steps rails, you the European-style supports, beveled or wooden support rails andtechniques necessary install to yourkitchen cabinets (page 115).As thelower in cabinets, variations thelength in of andmakesuretheyareplumbandlevel. general A review acabinet maycall fillersnips bridge between run for to gaps cab(pages of installation techniques 100-101) outlines several inets. finaltouch decorative The (page is crown molding 118), options installing for bothloweranduppercabinet runs. which dresses jointbetr,veen cabinets theceiling. the the and

Positioning installingtheuppercabinets a kitchen and of is moredfficult than installinglowercabinets. Simple jigssuchasshop-made jacks(left) and tempocabinet rary supportraik (pagell5) makethejob mucheasier.

99

BASICS INSTALLATION
your cabiheninstalling kitchen you to nets, technique choose the
on keepthem levelwill depend your If methodof construction. your lower toe feature integral kick,you an cabinets 44) can uselevelerlegs(page or shims (page level, 106) positionthecabinets to with one another plumb,and square If to beforenailingthe cases the studs. leveler your cabinets simple are carcases, are legs a plinth base both suitable. or (page 112) can Whiletheplinth base it with anyIowercabinet, is parbe used ticularly well-suitedto islandsand This both oeninsulas. isbecause of these to are iabinet tvDes difficult to secure The thefloor whilehidingthefasteners. first with shimsor olinth is leveled in then fastened idjustablelevelers, screwed to with a fewL-brackets olace ihe floor and insideof the plinth. The onto is islandor peninsula thenscrewed theolinth, can Uppercabinets eitherbescrewed to the wall studsthroughnailerrails (page 16),specialized hard1 commercial wooden supware, hungon beveled or to oort railsscrewed both the cabinet both ind the wall studs(opposite).In shims used are upperandlowercabinets, and to levelthe cabinets makethemall to appear be a singleunit seamlessly joinedto the kitchen. railsand Scribe fillerstrips should takecare ofanygaps.

Kickplate

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lE

INSTALLING CABINETS

(Page UPPER CABINETS 115)

5ide view

ISTAND (Page12) 1

Adjuetable leveler

INSTALLINGTHE LOWERCABINETS
rla hewalls floors a kitchen are and of I typicallyfar from plumb,level, irregustraight, square. and Common larities suchasbowsin thewallor a problems warped can floor create when it comes to install time cabinets are that perfectly In the square. olderhomes, in mayalso placed at studs thewalls be intervals thanthestandard 16-inch other planned spacing today. best used The kitchen pose will installation challenges thatcannot tackled thecabinets be until for However, areready assembly on-site. youneed identify irregularities to these A chalkline simplifies marking out longlevel lines, such indicating as run thetopof a lower of cabinets. you putting cabinets the before begin in place. Yourfirsttaskis to drawlevel horizontal lines thewalls where cabthe on If floor inets go(below). thekitchen will you isnotlevel, canadjust height the of thecabinets with shims various later or types commercial of levelers. you Next, need locate wallstuds. to the whichare in crucial securing cabinets place. to the Thisis easily with an electronic done device knownasa studfinder,which detects differencesthethickness in ofa wallby means a magnetic of field. Lastly, squareness the of corners will affecta close (opposite). fit Scribe rails, gaps, bewideenough must used cover to to span anyvoids between cabinet sides andtheadjoining wall.

PREPARINGINSTALLATION FOR
layout lines 1 Drawing I Use long a carpenter's to draw level a lineonthewallat the height the lower of this cabinets tighil. Measure linefrom pointof the f loorwhere it the highest 24). lt youhave meets wall (page the adjoining cabinet runs, startmarking fromthe highest floorpointof the respectivewalls. ensures youwillonly This that need shimthecabinet bottoms level to to (lf thetopsof thecabinets. youstarted point thef loor, froma lower on cabinet would require scribing-a more bottoms The laborious approach.) lines also can line(phobeeasily outwitha chalk laid to,above). Repeat procedure mark the to of cabinets. thebottom the upper

r02

INSTALLING CABINETS

r) Checking corners square the for L tlsea carpenter's square determine to (left). not,measure if a corner square is lf thegap, use figure make and this to scribe rails(page 104).Usea plumbbobto see if thewallleans inward. it does, lf meapoint. sure gapat itswidest the

wall Q Locating studs r.,f Usean electronic f inder stud to locate centers thestuds the the of in w a l l sF o l l o w i nh em a n u f a c t u r e r ' s . tg instructions, calibrate sensor the and place device the against wall. the Press theoperating button slide senand the sorsideways across wall(below); the theredlight come asthedevice will on passes a stud. over Determine edges the of each studandmark center. its You canalso snap chalk upthecenter a line of each studto locate for bothuooer it andlower cabinets.

103

INSTALLINGCABINETS

RUN A LOWER CABINET INSTALLING
'l Adding scribe rails I lnstall corner a cabinet Cuta first. to the scribe wide rail enough span gap and between edge thecabinet the the of wall. scribe should thesame The rail be ft , l e n g t a st h ec a b i n e a c ea n dm a d e h from same the material. therailin Glue place itsface f lush so is withthecabinet. (left)and rail Clamp scribe in place the glue letthe cure.

r) Shimming cabinets temporarily the in w Z - P o s i t i o n ec a b i n e t p l a c e i t h th S r h t h es c r i b ea i lt o u c h i ntg ew a l l . l i p u l s h i m s e n e a t h ec a b i n e tn t i t h et o p b (righil. cabiFor is of thecabinet level n e t s i t hl e v e l e e g sa d j u stth e h e i g h t w lr , s t o f t h el e g s n t i l h ec a b i n ei t l e v e l u (page 110).

INSTALLING CABINETS

the Q Scribing rail r-t Seta transfer scribe slightly larger thanthegapyoudetermined the for scribe (page rail 103). Place steel the p o i n a g a i n sh ew a l la n dl a yt h ep e n t tt t c i l p o i n o n t h es c r i b ea i l .K e e ph e r t twopoints level youslide transfer as the scribe down wall(above), the marking thecontour thewallontherail. of

Planing scribe the rails Sand plane edge thescribe or the of you raildown theline scribed step to in 2. Tilt thetoola bit toward rear the o f t h ec a b i n e tsy o up l a n eh es c r i b e a t (/eff). rail,creating slight a bevel This pronounced, bevel need bevery not but willensure snugit when cabinet a f the is installed.

t0s

INSTALLING CABINETS

0 0 0 0 0

the f, Installing cabinet r-,1Reposition cabinet place in with the t h es c r i b ea i lt o u c h i ntg ew a l l . h i m r h S the bottom sides thecabinet and of so i t i s l e v ea n di t st o pi s a l i g n ew i t ht h e l d r e f e r e n cie eo n t h ew a l l .F a s t etn e l n h c a b i n ei tn p l a c e ys c r e w i n g r o u g h b th t h es h i m s n dr e a r a i l e ris t o h ew a l l a n n t fromthe studs(/eff). Trimthe excess witha sharp knife. Align next the shims i c a b i n ei tn t h er u na n ds c r e wt t o t h e (below), Repeat install firstcabinet to t h er e m a i n do frt h er u n . e

RUNS INSTALLING ADJACENT
adjacent cabinets 1 Aligning I Toinstall of cabinets adjacent runs on withthecorner cabinet. Level walls, start l a 5 a n di n s t a t lh ec a s e sy o ud i d i n s t e p (above), align next cabinet. Place then the so andadjust shims needed thecabias . n e tf a c e s r ef l u s h n dI e v e lC l a m t h e a a p (rghf). in cabinets together position

106

INSTALLINGCABINETS

ji]t llll ilil lilrlillill illi itil {illtlil ilt{iil1 rlJl iii lu ili i.u uJ ilJ iti t$ {lJ di ul i.ri ru u ui ut iill ul lllI rllillll lrrl ur

5HO?TI?
Makingthiak shims lf you muet ehima wideqap,add a sufficienbly thick piece plywood of Lo a ef,andard cedarshim.Thie eliminatee need eeveral the for ahime, which may ehifLand complicate levelinq Ihe ?roceoo. Uoinq piece plywood uniform a of of thicknees also enauree that,the shimwillnoLinlroduce additionalirregularities, may happen as when placinq manyohimo nexf,loeachother. JoinIhe ehimIo the plywood with a shorLscrewimakesureLhe headof the lasteneris e u n kb e l o wh e s u r t / ..,"', f ace of the ehim. G) ,/ . a ' - '
,at' .a/

r) Fastening cabinets the y L O n c e o uh a v e l i g n etd ec a b i a h nets, fasten them together screws. with D r i l t h r e e o u n t e r s uo iko t o l e a t l c nl h s t h ef r o n t n dt h eb a c k f o n ec a b i n e t a o side. you using lf are %-inchthick stock foryour cabinets, these make holes 1% i n c h ed e e pT h e n r i v eh ef a s t e n e r s s . d t (above). in place

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r07

INSTALLING CABINETS

filler Q Installing strips r-J Minor of the and aberrations measurement walls cabiin the you to nets the canleave witha gapbetween lastcabinets be rails cannot eliminated adding be by scribe installed.thespace lf the width either of therun, a filler end cut strip length of equal at face enough bridge gapbetween to the of thecabinet andwide

from same material the as Cut the thetwocabinets. thepiece installed. Screw it already cabinets, screw to thecabinet then the of an addiiional along topedge thecabinet strip bbovd,as filler strip aslong thedepth thecabrand as of wide thefront as it 2. in and nets. Slide next the cabinet place, install asin step

H()()KUPS FITTING CABINETS AROUND UTITITY
utility cutouts 1 Locating poles the for I Using cabinet the story (page 24),transfer cabinet appropriate forplumbing elecand themeasurements of trical outlets theback onto oanel the the and cabinet tighD.lndicate position size each of utility cutout.

-

Location ,-/ofdrain

r08

INSTALLING CABINETS

r) Gutting holes L Cutthe holes usins drillf itted a witha hole saw sairesrze the the as (abovel. cutout Make holes the slightly larger thanthe pipe. keyhole A saw canbeused larger for holes.

shut-off valves Q Attaching \, Fitdecorative flanges thepipes, over thenfasten shut-off valves the pipe to e n d sT h e s ea p su s u a l lrye q u i ro n l y . t e (left)to wrenches fasten themin place. A f l e x i b l s u p p l t u b et h e nf e e d sh e e y t water thetaos. to

109

INSTALLINGCABINETS

KICKPLATES INSTALLING
the 1l Levelins cabinet have toe I lf your cabinets integrated to 100),proceed step2. For kicks(page legs, a to with cabinets leveler use level (right). you guide while adjust legs you the from front theside the to Shift level the until andrepeat necessary thecabinet as h i s l e v eo na l ls i d e sS e c u rte ec a b i n e t l . fasteners through the by in place driving into nailers thewallstuds.

the Scribing kickplate
p T o f i t t h e k i c k p l a t e , l a c ei t o n t h e

Use f loor frontof thecabinet in below). to the a transfer scribe scribe kickplate 105). rail asyoudid the scribe (page should be The edge thekickplate top of if Plane level; shims necessary. the use kickplate theline. to

110

INSTALLINGCABINETS

)rrtrr$a'r

Fitting retaining the clips Draw centerline theleneth a down ofthekickplate's face. insrde lndicate thelocatron each of leveler on leg thekickplate. Screw rectangular the plates each these mounting points, at of then slide clips the onto mounting the (above). plates

Attaching kickplate the
L i n eu p t h e c l i p sw i t h t h e l e g s( l e f t )

t h e n n a ph ek i c k p l a itn p l a c e . l i d e s t e S t h ec l i p s l i g h t la l o n t h em o u n t i n g s y g plates, necessary, if sothey lineupwith their respective when kickplate legs the positioned. is properly

111

ISLANDSANDPENINSULAS
the is enough, I f yourkitchen large island can I addition a freestanding of reduce kitchen tightenwork triangles, clutter. countertop traffic,andeliminate and a Incorporatingsinkor range addispace the islandcan into tionalstorage of improvethe overallefficiency your more. kitchen even a Installinga kitchenislandrequires for thantheoneused different approach kitchencabinets, the islandhasno as is from thewalls. Onesolution support to setthe islandon a plinth. This is a slightly woodenframewith a perimeter The plinth is than the cabinet. smaller with miterjoints,Ievassembled splined and to eled, fastened thefloor;theisland is to cabinet thenscrewed theplinth.The plinth canbe madefrom plywoodor solidwood.Theformeris recommendkickseparate ed ifthe floor is uneven; later, and can olates be scribed added

With its large tiled countertop,sink, and ample storagebelow,the kitchen island abovedoesdouble duty as a dishwashingand food preparation qrea. Instead of restingon a plinth, the island is set on a molded base frame.

ISLAND A KITCHEN INSTALLING
pieces the 1 Preparing frame I Assemble olinth the fromveneered plywood solidstock using or %-inch joints thecorners. First, at miter splined pieces width-typito ripthefourframe pieces to 4 To cally, inches. cuttheframe t s l e n g t h , l t t h et a b l e a wb l a d eo 4 5 " ti a t ; a n dm i t e r h ee n d s w h e n s s e m b l e d , from be 3 theolinth should inset inches Next, cabinet. make allsides theisland of plywood; they from splines %-inch some o b a s h o u l d e a s l o n g st h e w i d t h f t h e To and f ramepieces %inchwide. cutthe pieces thesplines, grooves theframe for in a and remove sawblade install dado the of head to thethickness thesplines. set so of Adjust height thesawblade it the into end a cuts 45" dado themitered ofthe (right);lhe pieces depth thedado of frame of be the should half width thesplines.

t12

INSTALLING CABINETS

r) Assembling plinth the glue L npply to theends theframe of pieces, spreadingin thedadoes you it cut in step1. Spread adhesive the on s p l i n ea n dt a pt h e mi n t ot h ed a d o e s . s A s s e m bae dc l a m ph ep l i n t h s i n g ln t u a large webclamp(above); model the shown features special corners disthat rv t r i b u t eh ec l a m p i np r e s s u ee e n l y t g joints. along miter the

Leveling plinth the
S c r e w n a d j u s t a b l le v e l ea t e a c h a e r

corner theplinth, of installing firstone the at thehighest elevation thefour floor of corners. thisleveler lowaspossible. Set as thenraise lower others needed or the as (/eft). untilthetopof plinth level is

113

INSTALLINGCABINE,TS

Shimming plinth the
y ln l f t h e f l o o ri s u n e v e n ,o uw i l l u n d o u b t e dey d u p w i t h g a p sb e t w e e nh e b o t t o mo f t h e p l i n t ha n d t h e f l o o ro n c et h e t p l i n t hh a sb e e nl e v e l e d . i l lt h e g a p s i t hs h i m s p o s i t i o n i n g w , F t e a c ho n e s o i t s w i d ee n d i s o u t s i d e h e p l i n t ha r e a( a b o v e ) . , A d d a d r o po f g l u et o e a c hs h i mt o h o l di t i n p l a c e a n d u s e t a c a r p e n t e rl'e v e tl o e n s u r eh a ty o ud o n o ts h i f tt h e p l i n t h s s t a s v o ui n s e r a d d i t i o n a lh i m s . to theplinth thefloot F Fastening b L d r - , 1 F a s t e nh e p l r n t h o t h e f l o o ru s i n g - s h a p ea n g l e r a c k t t e t s S e tt h e b r a c k e tis o l a c e n ds c r e w h e mt o t h e i n s i d e n a t p t f a c eo f t h e p l i n t h ;u s et w o b r a c k e t s e rs i d e .T h e ns c r e w h e ( a b o v e ) . n c et h e p l i n t h h a s b e e nf a s O h a r d w a rte t h e f l o o r o , f f t e n e di n p l a c ec u t t h e s h i m s l u s hw i t ht h e o u t s i d ea c eo f t h ep l i n t h .

cabinel lnstalling island the
c t C e n t etrh e i s l a n d a b i n e o n t h e n p l i n t h ,a n d m a r ko u tt h e p o s i t i oo f t h e p l i n t h n t h e c a b i n e b o t t o m S c r e wh e t . o t d t i c a b i n e t n p l a c e( r i g h i l , r i v i n g h e f a s i t t t e n e r s h r o u g hh e c a b i n e b o t t o m n t o t . t t h e p l i n t h A f t e r h e c a b i n eits i n p l a c e , p l l s c r i b e n d i n s t a lk i c k p l a l e(s a g el 0 ) a o o n t h eo u t s i d f a c e s f t h e p l i n t h . e

tr4

INSTALLING THE UPPE,R CABINETS
can to T f pp.r.cabinets be fastened in LJ thewalls oneof three ways. The easiest method simplyto screw cabis the inetsto the wall studsthrouehnailers (below).lf wanta less you pErmanent solution, canhangthecabinets you from shop-made interlocking rails(page 116). Onerailisscrewed thebackof thecabto inet,theotherto thewall.Cabinets can alsobehungusingcommercially available adjustable andcabinet rails supports (photo, right).Whatever methodyou choose, cabinets the needto be leveled before finalinstallation.

The European-style cabinetsLtpport shown in the cutawaycabinet nt right providesstronger supportfor mounting uppercabinets than screws driven into the wall. Screwed the insidecornerof a cabinet, to the hardware a features metalhook that protrudesthroughthe backand clips onto a rnil fastenedto the wall behind the cabinet.Adjustment screws allow the cabinetto be leveledand tightenedagainstthe rail.

INSTALLING UPPER CABINETS

Installing a temporary support rail I Attaching a temporary you support railwill help hold upper the cabinets in position youinstallthem. as piece 1-by-2 Screw straight a of stock the to wall(abovd, aligning topwiththe layout indicating bottom its line the of theupper cabinet Make to drive fasteners thewall run. sure the into studs.

'l

INSTALLING CABINETS

the O Installing firstcabinet in Z- Position f irstcabinet theupper the it runin itscorner, setting onthesupport rail rail.lf necessary, a scribe (page add and the 105), thenreposition cabinet withtwoscrews it screw to thewallstuds the of driven through back thecabinet all the near top.Donotdrive fasteners the leave slack youcanshim so theway; some a t h ec a b i n e C l a m p l e v etlo t h es i d e t. b h a o f t h ec a b i n e tn ds l i ps h i m s e h i ntd e (left), thentighten case untilit is plumb pair Drive second of screws a thescrews. the of intothewallstuds through back thecabrnet thebottom. at

cabinets Installing additional in Position second the cabinet therun themtogether next thefirstandclamp to Drive screws in are two sothefaces flush. (right), leauing them cabinet the second the as so slack youcanshim cabinet in the cabistep. theprevious Shim second it thenscrew to the netuntilit is level, joining Tighten screws the f irstcabinet. Screw the cabinet thewall. to thesecond the Repeat install to cabinets together. in other cabinets therun

116

INSTALLINGCABINETS

USING BEVELED NAILERS

ffillti lllllllt tllj tll} lllt lllifltt lllllllt llll llfl tlll IlIt llll lII llli
1HO?TI?
Shop-made cabinet jacke jacke eerveas an extra pair of Cabinet h a n d s , o l d i n q c a 6 ei n p l a c e h i l e o u h y a w i n s t a l li t . Y o uc a n e a o i l y a k e o u r o w n y m jacke.7imply ehop-built screw trhree piecee of Vlywood melamine or Noqelher inboNhe l-ohape shownaNriqhL Vakethe piecee ae lonqas the dielancebelween upper the cabinetrs the counterlop.The and cenNer e t V i e c e h o u l db e w i d ee n o u 4 ho o u V p o r N a cabinelunif.

Hanging cabinets the lf you using are beveled nailers install to your cabinets, screw length first a of 1-by-6 theback an upper to of cabinet. Position case thewall thebotthe on so tomof thecase aligned theline is with onthewallindicating bottom the the of upper cabinets, mark location then the of the 1-by-6 thewall. on Remove the strip wood cuta 45" bevel of and down its middle. Crosscut oieces the the to desired length. Screw of thestrips one to thewallstuds a batten, bevel as its p o i n t i nu pa n df a c i n gh ew a l l S c r e w g t . piece theback thecabitheother to of netasshown. Attach second an a rail equal distance thebottom the from of c a b i n e o a c ta sa s h i m S c r e w f i l l e r tt . a s t r i p o t h eb a c k f t h ec a b i n e t u s h t o fl withthebottom, thenhang case the in place(top,left).

CROVTNMOLDING
8rown molding addsa nicefinish- width is aboutright for an average f ins touchto a setof kitchencabi- foot-highceiling. \-i Whilecuttingmitered corners the at hideuneven ceilings and nets. Itian also run requires care, the with the end of a cabinet visually integrate cabinets the realchallenge installing in crownmoldroom'sarchitecture. Simpleone-piece in ing is attaching firmly andinvisiblyto it of crownmoldingis available a variety particularly whenthereis kitchen the cabinets, profiles matchthesryle to ofyour space between cabinet the cut cabinets, is easily andinstalled. onlyenough and your ownwith a table- tops and the ceilingfor the molding make Youcanalso Attaching nailerto themolding a of mountedrouteranda couple bits (see itself. (below) it to be fastened the to \tVhen crown allows backendpaper). choosing procabinet from underneatn. molding,makesureit is properly portioned thekitchen;molding for that Crown molding doesnot haveto In all is too widewill have effect lowerthe of extend the wayto the ceiling. the high there Molding3 or 4 inches in case ofexceptionally ceilings, ing theceiling. maybe a gapof asmuchasa foot.This the can hiddenspace above cabinet be fluoresused goodeffect; placing to by crownmoldingisavailable Custom patterns centlightson top ofthe cabinets, the carved with elaborate resulting indirectlightingcanadd soin of andscrollwork, a widerange (left). phistication your kitchen. to styles modern and antique

INSTALLING MOLDING CROWN
the 1 Attaching nailer for I Toorovide anchor thefasteners an molding, a when installrng crown attach first. a %-by-IY,Rip nailer themolding to piece stock inch of equal lengh the in to you piece molding areinstalling the on of p g T c a b i n e t . o e a s e a i n t i no r f i n i s h i n g , t t h en a i l es h o u l d ec u tf r o m h es a m e r b P tg m a t e r i a lst h e m o l d i n g . r o t e c t i nh e a pads, glue edge the of stock withwood flush thebottom of the edge thenailer to with molding; support twopieces a the (right). youclamp themtogether shimas pieces molding. for of Repeat theother

INSTALLINGCABINETS

Cutting molding lengh the to
M a r kt h e l e n g t h f t h e t o p o f t h e c a b i n er u n o n t h e u p p e r o t

f a c e f t h en a i l e r . e ty o u r i t e s a w o c u ta 4 5 ' a n g l e n d o S m r t a p o s i t i otn em o l d i n r i g h t - s i d e o nt h es a w ot h em a r k s h g up s i

e t a l i g n ew r t h h eb l a d e . e c u rte em o l d i nig p l a c w i t h h e d t S h n piece wood necessary. saw's knob; a scrap vise use of if Make (abovd. your thecut,keeping hand clear theblade well of

Installing molding the
P o s i t i otn e c r o w n o l d i n g n t o p o f h m o t h ec a b i n ertu n ,a l i g n i ntg e h e e l f t h e h o m i t e ry o uc u t i n s t e p2 w i t ht h e c o r n e o f r t h e c a b i n e tT h en a i l e r h o u l d x t e n d u t . s e o o v e rt h e e x t e r i oo f t h e c a b i n e t r o n t b y r f t h e t h i c k n e so f t h e d o o r s l.f t h e r ei s s u f s f i c i e n t p a c es c r e w h e c r o w n o l d i n go s , t m t t h et o po f t h ec a b i n e tts r o u g hh e n a i l e r s , h t s p a c i n gh e f a s t e n e re v e r y t o 8 i n c h e s . t s 6 Otherwise, the fasteners drive fromundern e a t h . i t e rt h e p i e c e f c r o w n o l d i n g M o m f o r t h e e n do f t h e c a b i n e tt,h e ns c r e w t i in place(left).

119

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+ +.

COLINTERTOPS
ease ofapplication(page 126). The originalfitting neednot is to theshop, countertop the be painstakingly exact;once bears bruntof thekitchen's the the laminate gluedin place, is workload. addition suDIn to it can be trimmed perfectly porting preparation the and flushwith the substrate usinga cooking meals, counter of the laminatetrimmer. This cusisalso all-purpose suran work tom-fittingabilityis particuface used scores other for of larly usefulwhen meldingthe dailyhousehold from tasks, top sheetof laminatewith a brewing coffee writingletto contrastingedge treatment (page ters, fromfixingappliances to 1j7). Plastic laminate is sundryarts crafts and activities. thematerial usedto makeinexItmustbe solidenoughstand to pensive, popularpre-molded on,easily cleaned adamp with A tile baclcsplash elevate ordinarykitchen can an into a counter tops (page 132).These cloth,anddurable enough to workof art. In thekitchen shown above, baclesplash a of countertops thetop,edge have lookasgoodafter10years as decorative ceramic is carriedoverinto an elaborate tiles treatment, and backsplash thedayit was installed. providinga tramural in theopenspace above range, the combined oneunit, andtake in Fortunately, technical ditionalcontrast theclean, the to modern linesof thecabinets. much of the work out of innovations that transformed installinga countertop. Solid(page kitchencabinetmaking thepost-war have in madethiskind era surface countertops 129) moredifficult to installbut are of performance commonplace. particular, perfection In the of the results rewarding. are The ability to mold edges exeand plasticlaminatehasput attractiveand resilientcountertops cuteinvisible joints and repairs madesolid-surface has counwithin thereach even tightest homebuilding of the of budgets. tertopssecond only to plasticlaminatein popularity,despite Solid-surface materials undersuch sold brandnames Corian their highercost. as andAvoniteoffereven betterperformance-but at a price.And Gettingall the details right is the mark of true craftsmanthere still is a placein the kitchenfor natural materialslike (pages ship,andinstalling backsplash a 134-1j6)is an excellent wood and stone. Theguideon page122will helpyou choose wayto addan individualtouchto your kitchen.Since backa the bestcountersurface your kitchen; pages follow for the that not splash does bearasmuchabuse a countertop, have as you outlinethe procedures technioues and necessarv installit. to considerably moreleewaywhen choosing material. the Wood While initallation methods differ somewhat amongcounandtile,which canbeproblematic countertop as surfaces, are tertop materials, therearemanysimilarities. The procedure excellent for choices backsplashes. Selecting perfectpiece the for installinga sink in a countertop with a plasticlaminate of hardwoodor usingceramic tileswith an antiquehand(page125), example, be easily surface for can paintedpatternasa backsplash adapted othto could be the difference that er countertops. One of the appeals plastic of laminate its is makes your kitchenunique. kitchen asa workbench

s indispensable the to

joint-cuxingandshaping Solid-surface countertop materials offersuperior abilities. Thekitchen leftfeatures at countertops made Corian,a popularsolid-surface from material.Notethemolded corners seamless and transition to from countertop sink.

t21

SURFACES A GALLERY COUNTERTOP OF
tl- h. idealcountertop not only laminate since is has become standard, the and millions tables counters of I attractive. durable, heat-resistant covering the to and waterproolbut easy form, around world. Madeof castacrylicandpolyester, andinexpensive. install,andrepair, were countertops invented Alas, wonder yetto beinvented. solid-surface this has products, in thelate1960s, are closest an and the to Fortunately, areseveral there but and natural,that idealcountersurface, for their both man-made permits, can you expense. budget Ifyour come close. such as ofstone, Plastic laminate themost is common opt for theopulence Woodcanbea very or facing material. created granite marble. First countertop people counter, many but shy is bybond- attractive in 1913, material formed this it the phenolic fromusing near sinkwhere ingpaper, resins, melamine away and wet. plastic Plastic it will become under heat pressure. and kitchens Some thebest-designed of matemake of several use contrasting rials, taking advantage oftheirdifferFor entstrengths. example,counter a might be mostlywood or tile but steel the switch stainless around to Another optionis a plastic lamsink. with inate solid-surface or countertop inset wood.Lastly, an cutting board of possibildo not forget decorative the ities thebaclsplash, of where use the of woodor tilescanadda handeither touch. crafted

Plasticlaminate is tough, inexpensive, and relativelyeasyto apply.Because it it ispaperthin, however, cannotbe shaped and is very dfficult to repair.

Solid-surface material, suchasCorian or Avonite,is expensive, can be but workedmuchlike wood,sincethepatthroughits ternand coloris consistent It entirethickness. canalsobejoined results. or repaired with invisible

Granite is the mostprestigious-and expensive-material countertops: for extremely hard,smooth, and idealfor rollingpastrydough. is alsoheavy It and difficultto install.

but and Marble is veryexpensive is Tile is heat-and water-resistant colors, not astoughasgranite.And like available a varietyofpatterns, in granite,it needs becut and The the to andfinishes. groutbetween tiles unless p olished profes nalf . sio canbecome stained mildewed and groutis used. ahigh-qualityepoxy

are Woodencountertops warm and pleasant-well suited countrystyle for kitchens, theleast but durable thelot. of Theyarebest used part of a counter, for suchasa chopping blockinsert.

INSTALLING COUNTERTOPS
Wooden and plasticlaminatecountertopsare installedby simply screwing them to the supportingcabinets. In the photo at left, a woodencountertop with mitered solid wood edging is beingsecured a cornercabinet to that featuresa lazy Susan;thefastenersare driven through the cabinet's countertopnailers into stretchers attached to the undersideofthe top.

BUITDING THE UP COUNTER

Attaching stretching cleats and material as stretchers cleats thesame and of o h su es y C o u n t e r b s t r a t a r eu s u a l lm a d e f % - i n cm e d i u m - d e n -of 4-inch-wide of Screw stretchers theedges the the along for stability. double thesubstrate. To chosen itsdimensional sityf iberboard, cleats between stretchers, the spacing an ie substrate, attach then td of t h ep e r c e i v eh i c k n e s s t h ec o u n t e r t o p di n c r e a s t s of 1B lf two b u te rs s t r e n g t h ,u i l d p t h es u b s t r a w i t hs t r e t c h ea n dc l e a t s . themevery to 20 inches. youarejoining sheets (above), sure countertop make to substrate an L-shaped into , g t h F i r s c u tt h es u b s t r a t o s i z e m a k i n s u r e o i n c l u dte e t e preparenumber secure cleat theioint. a on % Then a amount overhang; of typically inch.

t23

COUNTERTOPS

FOR CUTTING HOLE THESINK A
the 1 Marking substrate new with I Most sinks come a template y t h a t i l lh e l p o up o s i t i o n dm a r kh e w an t o p e n i no nt h es u b s t r a tle y o ud o n o t g f. you have template, canmake from one a Place face down on cardboard. thesink its Next thecardboard trace outline. and line the draw second %inchinside first a one then outthetemplate cut along this inner Draw pair lines line. a of dividing the in vertically horiand template halfboth on zontally. Center sink thesubstrate the its marking intersectatop lower cabinet, Place inglines thesubstrate. thetemon plate position align twopairs of in and the (/efil. lines. Trace outline a pencil the with

r) Cutting opening the you L Once have marked theposiout , t d t i o no f t h es i n k c h e c kh a tt h el i n e o e s holding the notcross of thescrews any Next, aY,-inch drill stretchers cleats. and just access through substrate hole the i n s i d eh ep e r i m e t e r .s t a la c o m b i n a t In l tionblade a saber andlower in saw the h . h b l a d eh r o u gth eh o l eH o l d i ntg et o o l t f i r m l yt,u r ni t o na n ds t a rc u t t i n a l o n g t g the linetighil. f ry to cut asclose the to This not lineas possible. need beexact, a st h ee d g e i l lb eh i d d e n yt h el i p o f w b piece To from thesink. keep waste the breaking asyounear endof the off the cut,support withyour hand. it free Solids u r f a cte o ss h o u l d e v eb ec u tw i t h o n r saw; instead, a router a use with a saber bit template. straight anda plywood

t24

COUNTERTOPS

INSTALLING A TAMINATE COUNTERTOP
I A s h e e o f p l a s t i ca m i n a t e a n b e r i p p e d o w i d t ho n y o u r t l c t t a b l es a w ,b u t i t i s e a s i etro c r o s s c ui t w i t ht h e j i g s h o w n e r e . h T o s e t u p t h e j i g , f i r s tj o i n t t w o b o a r d s o t h e ye a c hh a v eo n e s s t r a i g he d g e W i t ha f r a m i n g q u a r ed r a wa l i n ea c r o s t h e t . s , s l a m i n a t a t t h e d e s i r e de n g t hN e x t s a n d w i cth e l a m i n a t e e l . , h b e t w e e t h e b o a r d s s s h o w nA l i g nt h e l i n ew i t h t h e e d g e s f n a . o t h e b o a r d s n dc l a m pt h e w h o l e s s e m b lty t h e w o r ks u r f a c e . a a o I n s t a la f l u s h - t r i m m i n gt i n y o u rr o u t e a n ds e tt h e c u t t i n g l bi r d e p t hs o t h e p i l o tb e a r i n w i l l r u b a g a i n stth e j i g . P l a c e h e g t r o u t e f l a t o n t h e j i g a n de a s e h e b i t i n t ot h e l a m i n a t e , a k i n g r t m s u r et h e b e a r i n gu b sa g a i n stth e j i g t h r o u g h o u h e c u t ( l e f t ) . r tt l f a s h e e t s d a m a g e a t b o t he n d s , i r s tt r i m o n ee n dt o g e ta i d f c l e a n d g e t h e nm a r ko f f t h e d e s i r e de n g t h n dt r i m t h e o t h e r e , l a e n d .C u tt h e l a m i n a t a t l e a s a n i n c hl o n g ea n dw i d e r h a n e t r t n e c e s s a riv :c a n b e t r i m m e d l u s hl a t e r . t f

laminate 1 Trimmins t -

Flueh-trimminq bit

r) Trimming pieces matched Z- Whenever pieces plastic two of laminate it is important o v e r l a p p itn g mb y4 t o 5 i n c h e s ,n dc l a m ph ea s s e m b l y meet he a t perfectly. gaps bevery that they match . Any will noticeable and i n p l a c eT os u p p o r h eo u t e s h e e tc l a m pt t o t h et a b l e n tt r , i r jig unattractive. Trimming twosheets the before installation in the a second about inches 6 fromthefvst(inseil. trimthe To jigshown however result precisely here will in matched edges sheets, therouter thejig withthepilot set on bearrng against every time. procedure The (above). a slight issimilar trimmingsingle to a sheet theedge, thenpullit through sheets the Keep both 6tep1).Tosetupthejig,secure sheets between boards, pressure the against jigthroughout cut. the the

t25

COUNTERTOPS

Positioning laminate the sheet Attach laminate to thesubthe withcontact cement. First inish f strate (page138); the edges the substrate of w o o t h e r w i t h ee d g e f t h el a m i n a t ei l l se size, Trim to show. thesheet approximate (sfep 2).fhe any edges andjoint mating at sheet shown leftis for an L-shaped corner betrimmed can counter; inside the gluing. Apply even an coat conof after and tactcement thesubstrate let it to surapply thincoat both a to dry.Then As faces letdryuntilit istacky. conand instantly, %-inch set tactcement bonds about inches 12 dowels thesubstrate on e t a p a r tL a y h e l a m i n a ts h e eo n t h e . t letting touch subit the dowels without strale(lefil.

down laminate the / Gluing 'tSlide thelaminate over sheet thedowit since elsto position properly; thesheet you some maris slightly oversized, have ginforerror. Starting oneend,remove at andoress laminate the thef irstdowel Work the against substrate. toward the removing dowels pressing and other end, as Press the laminate down yougo (right). the thelaminate sheet against substrate l. w i t ha r o l l e ( i n s e t ) f y o ua r ed e a l i n g r g d a w i t ht w om a t c h i ns h e e t s ,r a w l i n e where twosheets the across substrate the i h a r et o m e e t W h e n n s t a l l i ntg ef i r s t . by down edge the startsheet, begin laying . l i n ga t t h i sl i n e T o i n s t a t lh es e c o n d butting edge its sheet, begin carefully by against firstpiece. the

r26

COUNTERTOPS

Trimming edges the f, r - , 1 s ea r o u t eo r l a m i n a tte i m m e r U r r mounted a flushtrimmingtotrim with bit theedges thelaminate. remove of First, glue any squeeze-out thejoint. from Then s e tt h ec u t t i n g e p t h ot h eb e a r i n gi l l d s w r u bt h em i d d l e f t h es u b s t r a tT ot r i m o e. theedges, thetrimmerlatonthe hold f c o u n t ea n de a s et i n t ot h e l a m i n a t e . r i C o n t i n u e o v i ntg et r i m m ea l o n gh e m h r t (right), edge working against direction the pressure of bit rotation keeping and slight aga thesubstrate. inst

Cutting thesinkopening out Thelaminate covering sink the openingcanbecutoutusing same the method youused trimtheedges. to Starting the cut,however,a bit more is tricky. You c a ne i t h ed r i l l h o l eh r o u gth el a m i r a t h nate andusea regular bottom-mounted f l u s h - t r i m m bn tg r y o uc a ne q u i p ii o a p l u n g r o u t ew i t ha s p e c i a la n ep i l o t e p l r b i t .T h i s i t h a s p o i n t etdp t h a tc a n b a i penetrate laminate: shaft the the the of bitthenacts a pilot guide trimas to the mer. Since bitdoes have pilot this not a bearingmay it burn edge, thiswill the but b eh i d d eu n d etr es i n k n h

r27

COUNTERTOPS

to the I Screwing counter thecabinet / Position counter thecabinet the on with screws, andanchor counter wood the (right). Secure driving themin frombelow the couneach screw through cabinet's n s t e r t o p a i l e r a n di n t ot h e s t r e t c h e r s of attached the underside thecounto fasteners of tertop. Select size your the p a c c a r e f l l y ; o ol o n g s c r e w o u l d i e r c e u t thelaminate.

Counf,ertop nailer

Counter etretcher

THE INSTALLING SINK

the 1 Testing fit to the I lnsert sinkintothecounter check fit hbovd. the Mark on if Trim counter the opening necessary. theholes the s fp c o u n t e r t oo rt h et a p sa n dc u tt h e mo u tw i t ha h o l e a w . plumber's to theundersidethesinkrim.(Some putty of Apply foam thatserves witha special closed-cell tape sinks come (above) adjust purpose.) and Lower sinkintoplace the thesame of it soit rests square theedge thecounter. to

l') Securing countel the in with clamps pullit that L me sinkis held place special each clamp, insert its against counter Toinstall the top. down t i g . h o o kn t ot h em a t c h i nc l i po nt h es i n k T i g h t e in ( a b o v e ) end the 0nce untiltheserrated touches substrate. all the begin secure sink evenly posto the as as clamps in place, are l g ea c a a s i b l eg r a d u a t li y h t e n i n g c h l a m p l i t t l e t a t i m eu n t i l , withthecountertop; overtightening. avoid therimisf lush

COUNTERTOPS

INSTATTING A SOTID.SURFACE COUNTERT()P
funing strips 1 Attaching p I U n l i k e a r t i c l e b o a ro l,i d u r f a c e sd s m a t e r i a lx p a n da n dc o n t r a c t si t h e s w changes temperature,it cannot in so be a t t a c h etd a f u l l s u b s t r a t en s t e a d , o I. attach directly the cabinets to it to or furring strips. Furring strips height add to thecountertop allow built-up and a edge to beadded later. a number ,/o-byCut of 4-inch boards match deoth the to the of countertop. Attach strips cabinet the to modules wood with screws, spacing them about inches 18 apart. an extra Add furringstripwherever sheets to be two are joined 3 inches and fromeither of side anopening a sink cooktop. for or

r) Adding silicone sealer I to allow expansion, counter for the m u s tb e f a s t e n etd t h e f u r r i n g t r i p s o s withsilicone sealer about every inches. 8 Position counter place adjust the in and it soit issquare thecabrnets. end to lf the of thecountertop meets wall,leave a an gap }{-inch to allow expansion. for lf you a r ej o i n i n gw om a t c h i ns h e e t si,r s t t g f s t i c k l e n g t h f a l u m i n u mo n d u c t i v e a o c tape(commercial tapeistooporous) duct to thefurring stripwhere theywill meet (see step3), thenapply silicone the on topof thetape.

r29

COUNTERTOPS

the Joining sheets
o L a yt h e f i r s ts h e e t f s o l i d - s u r f a c e s il o m a t e r i a n p l a c e n t h ef u r r i n g t r i p s , . i c l a m p i n gt t o k e e pi t f r o m m o v i n gL a y , t s h e e tr n p l a c e a r r a n g i ntg thesecond is an evengapof /, inch between so there q W th t h et w os h e e t s . o r k u i c k l y ; e s i l i c o n e t , w i t h n 2 0 mi nu t e s m a k i n gh e i w i l ls e t M a drff cult o move. ake dam r countertop ts i u n d e r h e g a pw h e r e t o v e r h a n g h e t c w i t hs o m e l u m i n u m o n d u c a cabinets tivetape (/eft).

joint Applying adhesive
a S e l e c t i ntg e r i g h tc o l o r n d p a t t e r n h p e t t o m a t c h h e c o u n t e r t o p ,r e p a r a t u b e ac o f s o l i d - s u r f al c en ta d h e s i v e c o r d i n g oi T u t o m a n u f a c t u r ed i' r e c t i o n(s . h i s s u a l l y r s it n g i n v o l v ei s l e c t i n a t u b eo f c a t a l y s n t o t an a l a r g etru b eo f a d h e s r v e dm i x i n gh e t F t w o . ) i l lt h eg a ph a l f u l l w r t h h em i x t u r e , f w o r k i n gr o m b a c kt o f r o n t .B e s u r et o . k e e pt h e t u b ev e r t i c a lP u s ht h e s h e e t s t n o e r h e r s c l r e e / e u rt h e e x c e s a d h e ro o s s s i v e P o pa n ya i r b u b b l ew i t ha t o o t h p t c k . w o a n d a d d e x t r aa d h e s i v te a r e a s h e r e o i t t h e a d h e s i vlee sb e l o w h e s u r f a c e f t h e t D c o u n t e r t o p . o n o t r e m o v eh e e x c e s s ; d i t w i l l b e s a n d e d o w nl a t e r .

130

COI-INTERTOPS

the together f, Clamping sheets r,f Attach stripof wood the countertop either a to on sideof thegapwithbeads of glue. hot-melt Clamp pairof handscrews strips pullthetwosheets a to the to snugly together. notclamp Do themtootightly since cansqueeze all theadhesive. this out Letthegluecure onehour, for thenloosen clamps tapoffthewood the and strips. Usea puttyknifewithrounded edges remove leftover glue. to any hot

surface fi Smoothingthe \,f Remove excess the adhesive and plane. level jointwitha block the Make sure blade very the is sharp thecorand ners slightly are rounded. beltsander A paper also with 120-grit will workbut it produces muchmore dustandruns theriskof gouging counter. the Smooth thejointfurther witha random orbit (above). sander using 18O-grit sandpaper To keep dustdown, the moisten the counter. Finally, theentire buff surface polishing Again, pad. witha synthetic keep surface the moist. f inaljoint The should perfectly be invisible.

Since their colorandpattern run throughtheir entirethickness, solidsurface countertops unmatched offer shaping joinery abilities. the and In photoat left,a solid-surface countertop is bonded seamlessly a sink with of thesame material.Thebuilt-in drain boardto theright of thesink wasmadeby routinggrooves the in countertop with a carbide-tipped bit.

131

COUNTERTOPS

COUNTERTOP A PRE-M()LDED INSTALLING

end the 1 Laminating countertop p l o I A p p l y l a s t i ca m i n a tte t h e v i s i b l e n do f a p r e - m o l d e d w . d c o u n t e t o h i d ea n yg a p so r e x p o s e e d g e sF o re x a m p l e , h e n r a i s p u s h e d g a i n stth e w a l lt h e r ew i l l b e a w i d e thecounter g a po n t h e e x p o s e e n d b e t w e e nh e b a c k s p l a s h dt h e w a l l . an t d g a pw i t h a w o o d e n l o c k T o c o v e t h e e n d ,u s ea r b . Fillthis p r e - f o r m e d r i po r c u t a r e c t a n g lo f l a m i n a t e l i g h t l y v e r s i z e , s o e st r) loining pre-molded countertops n u y ar L P r e - m o l d e d u n t e r t o p s et y p i c a l l a v a i l a b lie l e n g t h s p co h t r a r e l y a v e o b e j o i n e di n a c a b i n e t s t o 1 2 f e e tl o n g , o t h e y a h r . r u n .C o r n ejro i n t s , o w e v ea,r ec o m m o nC u t t i n g p r e - m o l d e d p e r f e c4 5 " a n g l e s t r i c k y , h o u g h a n d i s a 1 o b t i t , c o u n t e r t oa t a p p r o f e s s i o nw il t h a l a r g e a d i a l - a r ma w .J o i n i n g a r s b e s tl e f tt o a afterward somewhat is connectors with the countertoos counter a fs c e - d o wo n a w o r ks u r f a c e n d a n e a s i e rP l a c e h e t w o s e c t i o n . t t tto g e t h e T.o p l a c e h e c o n r e o b u t tt h e m a t i n g d g e s f t h e . l o i n f t n e c t o r sm a k ea m a r ka c r o s sh e j o i n t6 i n c h e sr o me i t h e r , e s , tg e n d .R e f e r r r n o t h e m a r k sd r i l la 3 5 m m - d i a m e tre rc e so n j o i n t ,s e t b a c k1 %i n c h e sr o mt h e 1 o i n tF o r m f e i t h e r i d eo f t h e s . t fo n a c h a n n eb e t w e e t h e r e c e s s e s r t h e b o l tb y m a k i n gw oc u t s l w t g w i t ha d o v e t a sla w , h e nc l e a n i n o u tt h e w a s t e i t ha c h i s e l . i j o i nt h e t w o c o u n t e r t o pa l,i g nt h e m ,i n s e r th e c o n n e c t o r s , s To u a a n dt i g h t e n h e mw i t h a w r e n c h n t i l t h e y r eb o t hs n u g? i g h i l . t y t a ar t C h e c k h a tt h e c o u n t e r t o p s ep e r f e c t la l i g n e d n df l u s h , h e n f i n i s ht r g h t e n i ntg e c o n n e c t o r s . h

cement. Install bottoma with it then affix to thecounter contact r r l nt m o u n t efdu s h - t r i m m ib rgi n a r o u t eo r l a m i n a t ei m m e r i . d t a n ds e tt h ec u t t i n g e p t h o a b o u t / , n c h T ot r i mt h ee n d , t e, e a s eh eb i t i n t ot h el a m i n a t t h e nm o v eh eb i t a l l a r o u n d t (abovd. the of Keep base thetoolflatagainst end the itsedges a cut. to ensuresmooth

r32

COUNTERTOPS

Scribing backsplash the
y S i n c e a l l sa r es e l d o m t r a i g h t ,o u w s y w i l l p r o b a b ln e e d o s c r i b eo f i t t h e w a l l , t t t h e ns a n dd o w n h e h i g hs p o t s P o s i t r o n t . t h e c o u n t e r t oip p l a c e n ds e ta t r a n s f e r n a s c r i b e l i g h t l y i d e rt h a nt h e d i s t a n c e s w b e t w e etn e w a l la n dt h e l i p . H o l dt h e h t o o la s s h o w n t l e f tt h e np u l l i t a l o n g h e a t w a l lt o m a r kt h e b a c k s p l a s R . p e afto r he t h eo t h e r a l l . w

Sanding backsplash
A s t h e l i p o f t h e b a c k s p l a ss o n l y ih a b o u tI i n c ht h i c k ,i t i s f a i r l y a s y o e t s a n di n t os h a p eW i t ha v e r yl i g h tt o u c h . s a n dd o w nt o t h e s c r i b e di n ew i t h a l ( . b e l ts a n d e r b e l o w )H o l dt h e s a n d e r a g a i n stth e e d g ea t a n a n g l e o i t w i l l s r e m o v e l i g h t l y o r em a t e r i aflr o m s m t h e b o t t o m d g e h a nt h e t o p .T h i sw i l l e t e n s u r e v e r y l o s e i t a t t h ew a l l .R e p e a t a c f f o rt h eo t h e r a l l . w

133

AND BACKSPLASHES EDGETREATME,NTS
MAKING TILEBACKSPLASH A
e I T o p r o v i da g l u i n g u r f a c a n dt o a d d s e depthto a tile backsplash, screw /:tncha s o t h i c k p l y w o o d u b s t r a tte t h e w a l lf i r s t .
D p t p r m i n i n o t h p r - n r r e r ^ltp n s t h n f t h c s r r h e v l v i i i i i i , i i b

the 1 Attachins substrate t -

c tLr IaO o C n e n l h o il rl il n ln y i L Uor UL u ry J

a l aL L O. U > E + ;l ll ^ . ) O rl ^ ^ {l U a1" ^ L C q U

f i x e dw i d t ha n dt h e e n do f t h e b a c k s p l a s h u s u a l lw i l l n o tf a l la t t h e c o u n t e r es d . y ' n ih T h ee n do f t h e b a c k s p l a ss u s u a l ls l i g h t y l y s e t b a c k( s e ep a g e 1 3 6 ) .I o f i n d t h e c o r r e cl te n p t hl a vo r r t l t h et i l e s n t h e a o c o u n t ew i t h a n I i n c hs p a c e e t w e e n r b t h e r n n dc u t t h es u b s t r a t e t h i sl e n g t h : a o
r i n i f o n r r : l i n i h o n o r o h tn { i h o t i l p c .n l r r s

nt I i n c h .M a r k h e p l a c e m e o f t h es t u d s t d o n t h e w a l l ,t h e ns e c u r eh e p l y w o o w i t h t in two screws eachstud (/eft).lf neceso r s a r y u s et w o p e c e s f p l y w o otd i m n e d .
cn thpv inin :t : ctrrd

r) Applying mastic
(^-t w C ' e a n h e p l y w o o c i t ha s l g h t l y t d a m p e n ec l o t ht o p , c ku p a n yd u s t . d P r o t e ctth e c o u n t e r t ow i t h n a s k i n g p t a n p a n d : n n l v a s t r n p r o Jc o a to f m a s S t t i c w i r ha s e r r a t etd o w e ls m o o t h , nig a s r , y o ug o t o c r e a t e s u r f a c er k ea f r e s h l y l a
n l n r a r p di p l r l D n n n t t r v l n r ^ n v o rt n n l a r o p f
^,

s a n a r e aa t f i r s t ;t h e m a s t i c e t si n a b o u t 30 minutes.

134

COUNTERTOPS

Mounting tiles the Cut%-inch-thick spacers separate to thetiles. Make thetiles all clean sure are place anddust free. in Starting one corner, twospacers thecounter frontof the on in w a l lw h e r eh ef i r s t i l ew i l lg o .S e t h e t tileonthespacers pivot intoplace, and it separating it fromthewallcorner with another spacer. Press tileagainst the the giving substrate, it a slight twist ensure to a tightfit. Theninstall restof the the (lghf). tiles, separating withspacers them

Attaching molding Addmolding thetopof thebackto splash thetilemastic cured. after has The width themolding of should equal be to thecombined thickness thesubstrate of andthetiles. Miter endof themoldthe ing,thentrimit to length. Apply bead a of glue theplywood to substrate place then themolding position. in Fasten to the it substrate a finishing every to with nail 5 6 inches. Remove masking and the tape s e atl h et i l e sb yf i l l i n g l lt h eg a p s i t h a w , e p o xg r o u ta n da p p l y i n gj o i n t f s i l i y a o cone between tilesandcountertoo. the

t3s

COUNTE,RTOPS

BACKSPLASH INSTALLING A W()()DEN
w, I T om a k e w o o d e n a c k s p l a s h t h a b n o l d e d o pa n ds i d ee d g e s . ' r s l aal l t s q u a r e - e d gb o a r dt,h e na d da m o l d i n g ed ( p a g e1 3 5 ) r s h a p e h e e d g e f a w i d e r o t o b o a r d i t h a r o u t e o r s h a p ea n d n s t a l l w r r ih r t h e b a c k s p l a sn o n ep i e c eI.n e i t h e c a s e , s c l e c r ' p r - p t h f a t t r a c t i vh a r d w o ofc r a o e o y o u rb a c k s p l a s h d p l a n e t t o a t h i c k i an n e s s f / t a / , i n c h .C u ti t t o s i z e m a k r n g o , r t s l r g h t ls h o ' t e t l ^ a n h e c o u r t e " t o tp y r t o a k c r e a t e s e t b a c a t t r e e n d .l V i t etrn ee r d s h of a s s h o w nl.n d i c a t te e p l a c e m e n t e a c h o t s t u dw i t ha l i g h tm a r k n t h ew a l l , h e n nailthe boardin place(left).

the 1 Attachins backsnlash I -

r) Installing return a P er L W f r " " t h e b a c n s p l a s n o s . m a v .a f s l r e t u r n o l d i n gr o ms o m e c r a p e f t o v e r m s f r o mt h e b a c k s p l a s M.i t e r h e r e t u r n o h t i t f r l l s h eg a pb e t w e etn e b a c k s p l a s h i t f a a n dt h e w a l l , o r m i n g s q u a r e n da n d p . t c o n t i n u i nt g e m o l d e d r o f i l eS i n c e h s h p i e c e i l l n o t b e s u b j e c t etd a l o t o f w o t s t r e s is c a n b e s , m p l g l u e d ' np l a c e y g a n dt h e nh e l dw i t h s o m em a s k i n t a p e u n t i l h eg l u ec u r e s . t

136

COUNTERTOPS

A chamfering bit revealsa walnut divider between plastic laminate top and edgesurfaces.This effect was createdby applying a solid wood edgeto the countersubstrate,then adding laminate to the top and edge. Not only is this an auractive way to ease counter the front but it alsodisguisesthe dark edges the laminate. of

INSTATTING A DECORATIVE EDGING

(N

'l Applying wooden edging I Apply solid wood edging thecountertop to you before glue (page (Ihiswillensure down plastic the laminatelop 126). there arenocracks between upper the laminate theedging.) and Mill theedge stock a thickness %inch thedesired to of and width.

Spread filmof glueonthewood, a thenfasten piece the in p l a c e i t hf i n i s h i nn a i l s v e r4 t o 6 i n c h e sf. t h ee d g e i l l w g e y l w (step bechamfered 9, place nails least inchbelow the at % the topedge; willprotect router frombeing this the bit damaged.

r37

COUNTERTOPS

r) Applying laminate a laminatebit of I trtma length plastic of w i d etrh a n h et h i c k n e s st h ec o u n t e r . t edge Fasten to thecounter withcontact it (left)and press down irmly it f cement has When adhesive cured, the witha roller. r fl w t r i mt h el a m i n a t eu s h i t ha r o u t eo r to Use laminate trimmer. a chisel square e e s, u p a n yi n s i d c o r n e r t h e nr e m o va n y witha scraper. cement contact excess l e t , 0 n c e h i si s d o n ea p p l ya m i n a t o t h e I 25-1 27). countertop @ages

the Q Chamferingedge tg s r - J B yc h a m f e r i nh ec o r n e ro f t h e you the edging, willexpose wood built-up you lnstall a in edge added thefirststep. piloted router and bit chamfering in your to depth % inch.Holding setthecutting f thetoolwithits baselatonthecounteruntil the ease bitinto laminate the the top, Move edge. the touches counter bearing t r d t h et o o la r o u n t h ec o u n t e w, o r k i nig The of the against directron bit rotation. btt of into cut cannot right theapex an inside lg b c o r n e r ,u tt h er e s u l t i n a m b ' tso n g u e pattern anattractive effect. is

138

COUNTERTOPS

MOLDINGWO()DEN A EDGE

p R o u t i na n o g e e r o f i l e g N a i l a s o l i dw o o ds t r i pt o t h e e d g eo f t h e c o u n t e r p a g e 3 7 ) ( 1 g b e f o r e l u i n g h e p l a s t i c a m i n a t e o w no n t h e c o u n t e r t o p . t l d S i n c ey o u w i l l b e s h a p i n gh e e d g ew i t h a r o u t e r m a k es u r e t , t o p l a c e h e f a s t e n e rw e l lb e l o w h e b i t ' sd e p t ho f c u t ( a b o v e ) . t s t N e x t ,a t t a c ht h e l a m i n a t eo p a n d t r i m i t f l u s h ( p a g e s 2 6 t J 1 2 7 ) .T o s h a p e h e e d g e ,i n s t a l a p i l o t e d g e e r o t h e re d g e t l o o

f o r m i n g i t i n y o u r o u t e rS e tt h et o o lo n t h ec o u n r e rn c b . a a d l u stth ec u t t i n g e p t h ot h eb e a r i nw i l lr i d e g a i n s h e d s g a tt lower edge thecounter. shape edge, the router of To the set f l a to nt h ec o u n t e r t o h e n a s eh eb i t i n t o h ew o o dM o v e tp, e t t . therouter around counter, the working against bit'sdirecthe t i o no f r o t a t i o n .

R()UTINGDRIP A EDGE A S()LID-SURFACE IN C()UNTER
S h a p i na d r i pe d g e g A d r i pe d g ei s a s l i g h t l ya i s e d d g e h a t r e t p r e v e n tm i n o r p i l l s r o mr u n n i n g f f t h e s s f o c o u n t e r t o p . p p l ya s t r i po f m a t c h i n g A s o l i d - s u r f ame t e r i a o t h e e d g e f t h e ca tl o c o u n t e r t o p ,r e a t i n g r a i s e d d g e .A f f i x c a e t h e e d g i n g i t h a d h e s i vd e s i g n ee s p e w e d c i a l l yf o r t h e m a t e r i a( p a g e s 3 0 - 1 3 1 ) . l 1 p I n s t a l l a i l o t e d r i pe d g e i t i n y o u rr o u t e r b a n da d j u s t h e c u t t i n g e p t hs o t h e t o p d o f t h e c u r v e s e v e nw i t ht h e r o u t e r a s e ; i b t h e i n s e ts h o w s o wt h e b t t s h o u l d e e t h m t h ec o u n t e r .o s h a p eh ec o u n t e r ,o l dt h e T t h router base against edge, the then lower it u n t i lt h e p i l o tb e a r i ntg u c h ets e c o u n o h tertopsurface. Keeping routerpressed the f l a t a g a i n stth e e d g e , o v e h e t o o la l o n g m t (/eit). the counter

139

GLOSSARY
A-B-C.D Any leveller: commercial Adjustable
to foot or leg attached lowerkitchen to cabinets leveland supportthem. Auxiliary fence:A woodenattachment to to a tool's rip fencethat serves attach and accessories preventaccidental to damage the fence. A Backsplash: continuation of the countertopalongthe backwall; canbe part of the countertopitselfor made from tile orwood. Biscuit: A thin oval wafer of compressed wood that fits into a semicircular slot cut by a platejoiner. Blank A pieceof solid or glued-up a wood usedto create furniture part. Board-and-battendoor: A door together madeof boardsfastened with lap joints and held together batten. by a diagonal Board foot A unit of wood volume equivalentto a pieceof measurement long, wood one inch thick, 12inches wide. and 12inches Caul: In veneeringor gluing uP a a carcase, board placedbetween to and theworkpiece disthe clamps tribute clampingpressure. Chalk line: A length of twine loaded with chalkdustusedto mark longlines that arenormally eitherlevelor plumb. bevelcut along Chamfer:A decorative the edgeof a workpiece. Cheek The faceof the projecting joint. tenonin a mortise-and-tenon A Cockbeading: narrow decorative molding appliedto the insideedges of a faceframeor draweropening. joint: A methodof Cope-and-stick joining stilesand rails in frame-andin Tongues the panelconstruction. in railsmeshwith grooves the stiles; molding is cut alongthe a decorative of insideedge the frame. Counterbore:To drill a hole that perto mits the headof a screw sit below and the wood surface be concealed with a wood plug. Countersink:To drill a hole that perto mits the headof a screw lie flush with or slightlybelowa wood surface. channelcut Dado: A rectangular in a workpiece. Dado head:A combinationof blades and and cuttersusedto form dadoes is in grooves wood. The assembly mounted on a tablesawwith two by separated oneto five cutters blades the to achieve right width. profileat the edge A Drip edge: raised spills' of a countertopthat prevents E-F-G-H-I-l Edgebanding:Stripsof materialused of to coverthe edges plywood and can boards; be solidwood composite or plasticlaminate. and End grain: The arrangement directionof the wood fibersrunning the across the endsof a board. wooden Faceframe: A decorative framefixedaroundthe front of a providingextrarigidity to cabinet, the cabinet. front A pieceof wood installed False overa drawerfront, usuallyto conceal or the end grain of the sides to create a lippedfront. of A Featherboard: piece woodwith "feathers" alongoneend or thin fingers the against securely to hold a workpiece fence tableof a powertool. or guideusedto Fence: adjustable An a of keepthe edge a workpiece setdistancefrom the cutting edgeof a tool. Filler strip: A thin strip of either material wood or laminate-covered cabinets. gaps between usedto conceal Furring strip: A narrow length atop a lower cabiof wood installed net to supportthe counterand raiseits height. strips molding: Decorative Glass-stop in of to of woodused hold panes glass a cabinetdoor. Glazingbars:Molded stripsof wood joined by half-lapsto hold several door. cabinet in panes ofglass a single Inset drawer:A drawerthat fits flush cabinet. within a frameless cabinetor Island:A freestanding from the walls cabinetrun isolated of a kitchen. fig A devicefor guiding a tool in or holdingworkpiece position. K-L-M-N-O-P-Q Kickback The tendencyof a workpieceto be thrown back in the directionofthe operatorofa machine. woodworking the Kickplate:The boardthat covers toe kick of a lowerkitchencabinetor faces a plinth. of the exposed Laminatetrimmer: A lightweight laminate routerusedto trim plastic and solid wood edgingflush with its substrate.

t40

Lockmiter joinfiA joint cut with a specialrouter bit that produces an interlocking connectionwith a miteredoutsidecorner. Melamine A popularbrand of plastic laminatemadefrom bonded plastic, paper, and phenolicresin; available sheets bondedto plyin or wood or particleboard. Miter gauge: device A that slides a in slot on a sawor routertable,providing support for the stockasit moves past the bladeor bit; canbe adjusted to different anglesfor miter cuts. Mortise-and-tenonjoint A joinery technique which a projectingtenon in cut in one board fits into a matching hole,or mortise,in another. Mortise:A holecut into a pieceof wood to receive tenon. a Nailer rails: Woodenrails attached to the backsof cabinets that support the cabinets when screwed the to wall studs. Overlaydrawer: A drawerthat partially or fully overlays frame of a the faceframe cabinet. Panelsaw:A track-mounted circular sawusedfor accurate cutsoflarge sheetgoodssuchasplywood. Plainsawnveneer:Veneer that hasbeencut from the log in a flat sheet; hardwoodplywoodwith plainsawn veneer face closely resemblessolid wood. Plinth: A mitered woodenframe that actsasa basefor lower cabinets or islands.

Pushblock or stick A device usedto feeda workpiece into a bladeor cutter to protectthe operator's fingers. R-S Rabbeh step-like in the edge A cut or end of a board;usuallyforms part of a joint. Rail: The horizontalmemberof a frame-and-panel assembly, stile. See (RTA)fastener: Ready-to-assemble A type of threaded fastener with a stout shaftand a narrowhead;used for fastassembly cabinets. of Scribing:Marking a line with a compass scribingtool to copythe irregor ularity of a wall onto a cabinetor counterwhereit butts againsta wall. Oncethe wood is planedor sanded to this line,the cabinet counter or will fit seamlessly against wall. the Shim:A thin, wedge-shaped pieceof materialusedto levelcabinets fill and minor irregularities. Shoulder:In a mortise-and-tenon joint, the part of the tenonthat is perpendicular the cheek. to Solid-surface materiaLA composite boardmadeof castacrylicandpolyesterusedfor kitchencountertops; sold under suchnames Corian as and Avonite. Stile:The verticalmemberof a frameand-panel assembly. rail. See Storypole A long,thin piece wood of with the measurements a proiect for indicatedon its length. Stud finder: A devicethat electronicalIy pinpointsthe locationof wall studs.

T.U-V.W-X.Y-Z Thmbourdoor: A type of door made from narrowslats attached a flexible to canvas backingthat slides tracks in routedin the sides the carcase. of Tearout:The tendency a bladeor of cutterto tearwood fibers. TemplateA patternusedto guidea tool in reproducing identical copies oI a plece. Tenon:A protrusionfrom the end of a workpiece fits into a mortise. that Three-wingslotting cutter:A piloted, groove-cutting routerbit. Toekick The recess running along the bottom of a lower cabinetthat allowsspace the feetof a person for standing beforethe cabinet. jointA joint in Tongue-and-groove which a tonguecut in the edge end or of onepiecefits into a groovein the matingpiece. Tiansferscribe:A compass-like device that transfers profileof onesurface the onto another. Utilityhookup: The point whereutilitiessuchaswater, sewage, elecand tricity areconnected. Wood movement:The shrinking or swelling wood in reactionto of changes relativehumidity. in Worktriangle:An ergonomicprinciplemeasuring efficiency a the of workspace that connects three the most common places work in of that space; a kitchen,typicallythe in refrigerator, stove, and sink.

I4I

INDEX
A-B.C
Adjustableshelving i8-i9 Shelfsupports, shelfdrilling jigs Shop-made (Shop Tip),39 Appliancebays,27, 38,40-4I Arts and craftsstyle,16 Backsplashes 135 134TiL;,121, Wooden,136 Biscuitjoints,29,33-34,46-47 joiner stands, 52 Plate doors,58,60-61 Board-and-batten Board.feet,32 Build It Yourself Plateioiner stands,52 gS Cabinetjacks, Cabinets 19,20-22 Dimensions, Doors; See alsoCasework; Hardware;Layout;Lower Upper cabinets cabinets; Casework,27,28 Gluing :up,46-47 Lower cases,29 Uppercases,28 Sie alsoJoinery;Lower cabinets; Upper cabinets 53-54 Cockbeading, Colonial style,I5 121 Countertops, Backsplashes tile,121,134-135 wooden,136 137- i9 1 edgings, Decorative Installation,123 plasticlaminatecountertoPs, 125-128,137-139 pre-molded countertops, 133 132I24, 127,128 sinks, countertoPs, solid surface 129-131,139 l2l, 122, laminate, Plastic 125-128,132-133 l37-139 edgings, 120, Solid-surface, l2l, 122, 131 129139 drip edges, Wooden,122,123 Countrystyle,16 Crownmolding,16, 118-119 Makingcrownmolding, backendpaper Cutting lists,32 Mounting,79,87 slides, bottom-mounted 81.87-88 building up faceframe cabinets (ShopTip), 90 90 8 slides, 1, 89side-mounted woodenrunners,81,91-92 79,80,95-96 Overlay, 38, Drawerslides, 8l 139 Drip edges, Edgetreatments,44 49 banding, eommercialedge Countertops 1 edgings, 37-139 decorative -139 drip edges, Solidwood,44,48 56,74-75 European hinges, cup style,15 European 55 28, frames, 50-51,53Face Building up faceframe cabinets for mounting drawers (ShopTip), 90 Makingwood plugs(ShopTip), 55 Fasteners Concealment making wood plugs (Shop Tip),55 Knockdownfasteners, front endpaper (RIA), 32 Ready-to-assemble Floorpians,12 drawers. Flush-front Inset drawers See doors,58,62-65 Frame-and-panel Arched panels,67 joints,66 Cope-and-stick Raisedpanels,62 G-H-I paneldoors, 57,58,59,69 Glass bars,70-72 Glazing bars,70-72 Glazing 16 Handles, Drawers,93,97 10-ll Sven, Hansen, Hardware Doors,57 38 Drawerslides, slides, bottom-mounted 81.87-88 slides, 8981, 90 side-mounted

D-E-F
Dadoioints,80 Doubledadojoints,8Q 84 Design,13 Arts and craftsstyle,16 Colonial style,I5 Countrystyle,i6 style,15 European 14,16 style, Shaker Victorian style,14,16 Doors,57 atten,58, 60-6l Board-and-b anel,58, 62-65 Frame-and-p archedpanels,67 joints,66 cope-and-stick 62 raisedpanels, panel,57,58,59,69 Glass glazingbars,70-72 Hinges,73-76 59, Mounting techniques, 73 flush-mounteddoors,76 overlaydoors,74-75 58, Veneered-panel, 59,68 Doubledadojoints,80,84 T9 Drawers. Assembly,85-86 Bottom panels,85,86 Dimensions,82 Eliminating drawerrattle (ShopTip), 86 False fronts, 78,79, 93-96 securingfalsefronts with tape double-faced (Shop Tip), 96 sizingfalsefronts (Shop Tip), 94 Inset,78, 80,93-94 ]oinery,80 doubledadojoints, 84 84 lock miter joints, 84 83 through dovetailjoints, 80,83 Knobsandpulls,9j,97 Layout,82 Materials,Sl

r42

Knobsandpulls,16,93,97 Shelfsupports, 38-39 See alsoHinges Hinges,16,73 European hinges, cup 56,74-75 Europeanfaceframe hinges,75 Insetdrawers, 80,93-94 78,

I.K-L
IigS Cabinet 117 iacks,98, Circular'saws panel-cutting attachments, 26 scoringsawattachments, 33 Drills shop-made shelfdrilling jigs (ShopTip), 39 joiners Plate platejoiner stands, 52 Temporary supportrails,115 loinery,29 Biscuitjoints,33-34, 46-47 platejoiner stands, 52 Board-and-batten doors,60 joints,66 Cope-and-stick Dadojoints,80 Doubledadojoints,8Q 84 Lock miter joints, 29,36, 80,83 joints, 8Q 83 Through do-setail joints,35-36 Tongue-and-groove Kickplates, 10- 11 1 1 Kitchenislands. 112 Plinths,100,101, 12-114 I Knobs,l6 Drawers,93,97 Layout,13,-18 Drawers,82 Proportions and dimensions, 19,20-22 Work triangles,17 LazySusans, 38,42-43 Legs Levelerlegs,44-45, 100 Levellingtechniques, 100,102 Lock miter j oints,29, 36,80,83 Lower cabinets Casework,29 Installation, 100, 99, 104-106 adjacentwalls,106-I 08 levelling techniques, 100, 102103

making thick shims (Shop Tip), 107 utility hookups,108109 wall studs,103 Kickplates, 10-I I I 1 Layout, 19,20-22,24-25 Lumber Boardfeet,32 Cutting lists,32 Drawers, 81 Plywood,30, 81 31, M-N-O-P-Q-R-S Moldings,l6 See Crown molding a[so Overlaydrawers, 80,95-96 79, Panels Arched panels,67 Raisedpanels,62 Peninsulas. Kitchenislands See Plastic laminate countertops, t2l, 122, I 25-129, 132-133 Edgings, l37-139 Plate ioinerstands,52 joints.See Plate Biscuitjoints Plumbing,13 Sinks, 124,127,128 Utility hookups,108109 Plywood, 30,31,81 Santarsiero, Tom,6-7 Shakerstyle,14,16 Sheet goods, 30 Plywood, 30,31,81 Reducing tearout,33 See alsoPlasticlaminate countertoDs Shelfsupports, SA-SS Shelves Adjustable shelvingsupports, 38-39 Slide-outshelves (ShopTip), 43 Shims Making thick shims (Shop Tip), 107 ShopTips Cabinet installation, 107,117 Casework, 39,43,55 Drawers, 86,90,94,96 Silvers, Don, 8-9 Sinks,124, 127,128 Sink trays,77

Solid-surface countertops, 120,127, 129-131 122, Drip edges, 139 Storypoles,13,23-25

T-U*V
Tambourslats.40-41 joints,8Q 83 Throughdovetail Tiles Backsplashes, 134-I 35 121, Countertops, I22 Tilt-out sinktrays,TT joints,29, 35Tongue-and-groove 36 Tools Circular saws panel-cutting attachments, 26 scoring sawattachments, 33 Drills shop-made shelfdrilling jigs (Shop Tip), 39 Laminate trimmers,44 Measuringtools,backendpaper joiner stands, Plate 52 Routers bits, backendpaper Tablesaws blades, front endpaper Tiansfer scribes. 99 Uppercabinets Casework,28 Installation, 98,99, 1 0 0t,} t , 1 1 5 - 1 1 6 beveled nailers, 117 commercial cabinet supports, 115 crownmolding, I18-119 makingthick shims (Shop Tip), l0Z jacks shop-made cabinet (Shop Tip),llZ Layout, 19,20-22,24-25 Utility hookups,108109 Veneered-panel doors,58, 59,68 Victorian sIyle,14,16

W-X-Y-Z
Wood.30 See Lumber;Sheet also goods Woodplugs(ShopTip), 55 Work triangles, 17

r43

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
wishto thank thefollowing Theeditors LAYOUTAND DESIGN works, Tools,Divisionof the Stanley LeeValleyTools,Ltd.,ottawa,ont.; Stanley ' St-Lambert, New Britain,CT; TritechIndustries, Que. CASEWORK Inc.,CambridgeOnt.; IL; ClampCo.,Chicago, AmericanClanryinq(Canada) Adjustable Toronto,Ont.; Industries, MD; Bradbury PowerTools,Towson, 6lack& Decker/Elu Inc., Montreal,Que.;cMT Tools,Oldsmar,FL; canadianIndustrialDistributors, Tools,Ltd., Ont.; FreudWestmore Guelph, DeltaInternationalMachinery/Porter-Cable, GA; Ltd'' Norcross, ToolsU'S.A. Ont.i HitachiPower Mississausa, NC; LeeValleyTools,Ltd.,ottawa, on-t.;Modulus, St-Hubert,Que.; JuliusBlum Inc., Stanley] IL; and Co.' Chicago, Roebuck Montreal,Que.;Sears, Loeven-Morcel, LesRealisations A'G. Inc., Cincinnati,OH; Steiner-Lamello Products, Senco MA; Tool TrendLtd', Concord,Ont' Saw Switzerland/Colonial Co.,Kingston, DOORS FL; Tool Cos.,Lincoln,NE; CMT Tools,Oldsmar, IL; ClampCo.,Chicago, American Adiustable Ont.; GreatNeck SawMfrs. lnc. (BuckBros. Guelph, DeliaInternationilMachineryTPort.r-Cable, IL; Chicago, an$_Cg., Roebuck Sears, Division), Millbury, VA; JuliusBlum Inc., Stanley,.NC; Ont. Saw A.G. Steiner-Lamello Switzerland/Colonial Co.,kingston,MA; Tool TrendLtd.,Concord, DRAWERS Guelph'Ont.; Machinery/Porter-Cable, IL; ClampCo.,Chicago, DeltaInternational Adiustable and Roebuck co., chicago,lL; NC; Sears, cA; David Keller,Petaluma, iulius BIum Inc.,stanley, A.G. New Brilain,CT; Steiner-Lamello Divisionof the StanleyWorks, StanleyTools, Saw Switlerland/Colonial Co., Kingston,MA; Tool Trend Ltd., Concord,On1 INSTALLING CABINETS Guelph,Ont.; Machinery/Porter-Cable, IL; ClampCo.,Chicago, DeltaInternational Adiustable ' NC; Blum Inc',Stanley, GA; Ltd.,Norcross, Julius Hitachii'owerTooliU.S.A. Point, NC; Sears, LeeValleyTools,Ltd.,Ottawa,Ont.; OrnamentalMouldings,.High New Tools,Divisionof the Stanley-Works, Britain'CT; IL; Roebuckand Co., Chicago, Stanley St-Lambert, MA; TritechIndustries, Que' Saw A.G. Steiner-Lamello Switzerlind/Colonial Co.,Kingston, COI.]NTERTOPS PowerTools, CA; IL; ClampCo.,Chicago, Avonite,Inc.,Sylmar,. Black&_Decker/Elu Adjustable Guelph,Ont'; Machinery/Porter-Cable, TowJon,MD; CMt Tools,Oldimar, FL;Deltalnternational ' IL; and Roebuck Co.,Chicago, Ont.; Sears, LeeValleyTools,Ltd.,Ottawa, OH Inc.,Cincinnati, Products, Senco ofthis book: in also Thefollowingpersons assisted thepreparation ScottYetman LorraineDor6,Kerry& VictoriaMcCluggage'

PICTURECREDITS
CoverRobertChartier 6,7 CarolynJones 8,9GaryMoss 10,11 MichaelTincher Brian VandenBrink 14,15,27,38,79 87 Courtesyfulius BIum, Inc. 112BrianVandenBrink Mouldings Ornamental I l8 Courtesy l20,l2l BrianVandenBrink Inc. Avonite, l3l Courtesy

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WORKSHOP IDE GU

TABLE SAWBLADES KITCHEN F()R CABINETS
Combination blade All-purpoee eaw blade; can rip and crogocut lumber Melamine blade 9pecialieed blade ueed for cutLtnq lamtnatee ,UCn aA melAmtnec overe ti pa rLtc leboa rd Plywood blade Hae many emall teel,h tthaL make a cmooth, aplinterfree cut tn plywood

Dado blade Two blades are fitted ort eirhe" eide of chipper bladea, which are added a9 nece'sary T.ovary the widLh of Lhe cut