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chattr [options] mode files

Modify file attributes. Specific to Linux Second and Third Extended Filesystem (ext2 and
ext3). Behaves similarly to symbolic chmod, using +, -, and =. mode is in the form
opcode attribute. See also lsattr.



Modify directories and their contents recursively.


Print modes of attributes after changing them.

-v version

Set the file's version.


Add attribute.

Remove attribute.

Assign attributes (removing unspecified attributes).


Don't update access time on modify.

Append only for writing. Can be set or cleared only by a privileged user.


No dump.

Immutable. Can be set or cleared only by a privileged user.

Journalled file. This is useful only in cases where you are using an ext3 filesystem
mounted with the data="ordered" or data="writeback" attributes. The
data="journalled" option for the filesystem causes this operation to be performed for all
files in the system and makes this option irrelevant.

Synchronous updates.

Secure deletion. The contents are zeroed on deletion, and the file cannot be undeleted or
recovered in any way.

Undeletable. This causes a file to be saved even after it has been deleted, so that a user
can undelete it later.


chattr +a myfile As superuser