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c

c
c c
 c  c


cc c 
c
c

c
c

cc

ccc c  !"#\$!cc

%c&c c c  \$ "#c
'c(c c  \$ )c
%c *cc c  \$ +c
c

 
 c cc
 
c 
 
cc c 
 c c



c 
c  c
 c
" ,
c
 
 c

c c  c
 c   c    c  c
    cc
 c  
ccc 
 cc  c   c
  c
 ccc
c  c   c c c c    c  c     c c

 c   c c batchc c
 
  c c c  
c  c c
  c

 c c c in situc c
   c c c  
c

 c c  
c  c c    c  c c batchc c  c c
  c c  
c!  c  c
 c
 c c    c
ccc
c
   c 
c cc
 c c

    c  c  c  
c c c c 
 c"   c c
c
c  c   c
  c
 c c  c  c c

 c   c
 
c 
c  c  c  c  c c
c   c
 c   c   c
    c
 c
 c  c

   c  c  c   c  c  c c  c

  c
c  c  c  c  c c  
c    c c c  c     c
c 
 c
   c
 c  c c c c c c c
 c
 c cc c c
   c  
c
 c
  c

"    c 
 cc c
   cc c  
c c
  c
   c  c c c  c

  c  c c
c 
c  c c # c  c \$% c &'()c ! c &'()c 
 c
&'((c c  c \$% c &''c"c    c 
 c c

   c c c  c

    c 
 c c c


c  
c c 
c cit al.c&'(c ccc
c     c c 
 c

  c c  c  c c  c

   c
  c c   c * c  c c 
c
c
 
c  c
 c + ,
 c  c -  c &''&cc
  c   c 

c  c  ,c c c
 c  c

 c

 c   c  c   c  c  c c  

c 
c c .  c
&'(/c0
cc 
ccccc  cc   c  c c c
 
c c
  cc cit alc&'()c
c  c
 c  
c    c   c
c batchc  c

    c  
c c  c  c c c 
 c  c it alc &'()c
#  c  c \$% c &'(1c \$% c &'((c \$% c &'('c \$% c
&''/c cc  c
   c
c 
c cc
 c
 c
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    c  
c c

ccc

 c #  c  c \$% c &''1c \$% c it alc &''2c" 
 c  c
   c   cc c  chigh-gradiint magnitic si arationc34+c
c 

c   
c  c  
c  c  c  c   c  c


 c c cc3c c" c
 cc
  c

c  c
   c  ,c 
 c  c  c
 c 
 c c

 c
 c  c c c  c c
 c   c 5 c it alc
&'''c"   c c  c   c
   c     c    c

 cc c

c cc c 
cc
 cc  c
 cc 
 c- cit alc&'''c- cit alc&'''c\$% c//(c
"c 
  c    c
 c
 c c c c

  c
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c    c
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  c
 c %   c
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 c  c  c  c

 c  c
c
 c  
c   cc
 c
  c  c
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    c  c  
c  c   c c  c , c   c
 
  c   c   c  c

 c  c c+  c
c  c  c  c  c   c  c c c  c  c
 c
c
 cc  c

 c c
  ccc

c#
  c c

   c     c  c  c 
c
 
cc  c  c
c
 c
 c c 
 c

   c
 c
    c   c
  cc34+c
  c  c c  c
  c    c  
c c
   c c c  c     c c 
 c  c  
  c c
 c    c
 c c c   c3 c c   c
   cc c
 cc c     cc c
 c
 c c  c    c   c c   c  c    c c
 c
   c  
c
 cc c
 c

- c 
c

 c
 
c


c
 c c
 c

c 
cc

"c     c c 
 c  %   c  
c   c  
c
 c c  
c  c  
c c

 c   c
  c+c 
c 
c    c cc c
  c
 c
 c  c 
 c  
c c !
c  c  c
&''/c\$
 c  c c  
c c

 c c   c
 c  c  c  c0 c

  c   c c   c c

  c c

  cc cc
"   ccc c
 c 
c    cc 
 c

 c
c    c    c  c  flocculintc  %   c
 c
    c  c  
c  c it alc &'()c " cc   c   c
 c c c   c c  
c hydrosco icc  c c  c

 c  6c c 

  c    c  c 
  c  c

 c c  c  c


c  c  c  
c 
 c  c


c c
 cc
 c
  cc
  
c  cc
 
 c  
c   c % 
c  c  c  
c c     c
  c c  
c c   c     c"   c  c c
  c   c   c 
c  c  c it alc &'()c \$% c
&'((cc c c

  c   c 
c
  c c c  cc
  c c  c 
 c    c c c c  c c

c c   c  c

 c c c c
c in situ  c
c
riformid firitc  c   c 
c c    cc 
 c cit alc
&'()c
!  c
cin situcc c
  cc  c 
 c c
  c 
c )/7'/c 8-c c   c  
  c c c  c
c  c  c   c cc  c  
c  c

 cc c! 
c c c c  
c
  
c
  cc c
c
 cc 
cc cc! 
cc riformidcc c
c  c    c
   c
c in situc  c 
  c  
c
 c c c 
c c  c 
 c c  c 
 c c  
c
  c 
c c   c c  c  c c    c c 
c 
c
c\$
 c
 c 
c c%c c

 cc c
c
cc
c#  c c\$% c&''1cc
c  c  c
c c  c
    c  c
 
 cc  c 
ccc c
  c  c c
 
c! 
c  c   c  c  
c c  c c  c
  c

 c  c 
  c c cc   cc
c  
c
 c 3c  c9 c 3c  c
 cc c 
 c  c
c   c  c  
c c c c 
 c c
  c  c
c0  c    c  c  
c  c  c c c  
c c
    c   c c  c  
c  c

 c 
c cc  c
c c 3c c c  
 
c  c  c  c c    c c
3c c cit alc&'()c
: c c  
c c  c  c
 c c c  c
  c  c  c c
 c  c c  c c  cc cc

  c  
c" c 
c
 c
   c  
c c  c
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c
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 c ccc c

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c  c

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c : (c  c 
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 c   c   c  c c 
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  c c  c @ 
 c <c  c

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c
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c   c

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cc  c

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  c     c   
c
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c   cc c

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/c
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A?c+cc 
c c c
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cAc?c+cc
c

c
c
c
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c
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
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c
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c
 7
 c
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 c  
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c c c   c riformid firritic? c  c
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 c<c
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c3c&c c
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cC cc c  c  c
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 c  c
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cC cc
c
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c

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c

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
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c  c

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  c  
c c 2(>c
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c  c 
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  c 
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A
 c
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 c 
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c 7c />c  c
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?A
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
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 7
 c c 12>c  c
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c
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
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c  c 
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c  c
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 c c
riformid firriticcc  c
c
0cc%&/0c10c   
 c

" c   c   c 
c  c 
 c  c c

   c
 c  ccin situc c  c c  c c c
 
c     c c c

 c  c c  c    c  c
  c+  c c 
c
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 c  
c  
c
c
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 c   c  c  c
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  cccc 
 cc
"  c 3c c   c 
 c
 c    c  
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