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South Korea


• The government of South Korea is divided into three branches, which

are the executive, judicial, and legislative.

- The executive and legislative branches operate primarily at the

national level while the judicial branch operates at both the national
and local levels.

• South Korea is a constitutional or liberal democratic country. The

government is ruled based on the consent of the people.

• The country has always had a presidential system with a relatively

independent chief executive.


• Elections in South Korea are held on national level to select the

President and the National Assembly.

- The president is elected for a single five-year term by plurality vote

that means winning with the most votes.

- The National Assembly has 299 members elected for a four-year

term, 245 in single-seat constituencies and 54 members by
proportional representation.

Human Rights, Education and Religion:

• The rule of law, democracy and human rights depend on high levels of
the preservation of discipline within the police.

• The NHRCK is a national institution for the protection of human rights.

The credibility of the institution lies in its capacity to deal with state
authorities that violate rights without fear. A national human rights
institution that would not condemn violations of rights by state agencies
does not deserve to bear the name.

• South Korea's education system is technologically advanced and it is

the world's first country to bring high-speed fibre-optic broadband
Internet access to every primary and secondary school nation-wide.
This is because the government has given extensive rights to people to
broaden their education.