Microsoft Word - Cleanliness Specification for Spices in Major Importing Countries | Biocides | Member State Of The European Union

Cleanliness specification for spices in major importing countries

Name of Country/Spice Germany Chilli Celery Coriander Dill Fennel Fenugreek Ginger Pepper Turmeric Netherlands Chilli Celery Coriander Dill Fennel Fenugreek Ginger Pepper Turmeric U.K. Chilli Celery Coriander Dill Fennel Fenugreek Extraneous matter %/wt. ------------------Moisture %/wt. 10.0 10.0 --12.5 10.0 10.0 12.5 12.0 10.0 Total ash /%wt. 8.0 12.0 8.0 7.0 10.0 5.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 Acid insoluble ash %/wt. 1.0 2.5 2.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5

----1.5 ----2 -------

12.0 12.0 10.0 10.0 12.0 6.0 10.0 12.0 12.0

7.2 10.0 8.0 12.5 12.0 --8.0 7.0 7.0

--2.5 2.5 0.5 ----3.0 2.0 3.0

--1.0 2.0 1.0 1.0 2

7.5 14.0 10.0 --7.5 6.0

--11.0 8.0 --9.0 ---

--2.0 1.5 --1.0 ---

Ginger Pepper Turmeric

1 2 ---

12.0 12.0 ---

6.0 7.0 ---

1.0 1.0 ---

Maximum pesticides residues limits in Netherlands & United Kingdom
Active Substance HCH without Lindane Lindane Hexachlorobenzene Aldrin & Dieldrin Sum of DDT Malathion Dicofol Chlorpyrifos Ethion Chlordan Parathion Parathion methyl Mevinphos Sum of Endosulfan Phosalon Vinclozolin Dimethoat Quintozen Metacriphos Heptachlor & - epoxid Methidathion Diazinon Fenitrothion Bromophos Mecarbam Methoxychlor Omethoat Limiting Values in PPM Netherlands United Kingdom 0.02 0.02 0.02 ----0.01 0.03 0.01 0.15 0.05 0.05 8.00 0.05 0.50 0.01 --0.01 --0.01 0.02 0.10 1.00 0.10 0.20 0.05 --0.02 0.10 1.00 0.10 --0.10 0.01 0.05 --1.00 ----0.21 0.01 ----0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 --------0.05 ----0.20

Dichlorvos Phosmet Methylbromide Tetradifon

0.05 0.01 -----

----0.10 ---

Maximum residue levels fixed for spices as per the German legislation
Sl. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. Active Substance Aldrin & Dieldrin Chlordane Sum of DDT Isomers Endrin HCH without Lindane Heptachlor & Epoxide Hexachlor Benzol Lindane HCN & Cyanides Bromides Carbaryl Carbofuran Chlorpyrifos Methyl Chlorpyrifos Cypermethrin (Sum of Isomers) Deltamethrin Diazinol Dichlorvos Diclofop methyl Dicofol (Sum of Isomers) Dimethoate Disulfoton Dithiocarbamate Endosulfan (Sum of Isomers) Ethion Highest Limit (mg/kg) 0.1 0.05 1.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.01 15.0 400.0 0.1 0.2 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.02 0.1 0.1 0.02 0.5 0.02 0.05 0.05 0.05

26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

Fenitrothion Fenvalarate (Sum of Isomers) Copper based Pesticides Malathion Methyl Bromide Mevinphos Omethoate Parathion & Para oxon Methyl Parathion & Methyl Para oxon Phorate Phosalone Phosphamidon Pyrethrin Quinalphos Quintozen

0.05 0.05 40.0 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.1 0.1 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.5 0.01 0.01

Note: Of the above, the limits mentioned against the pesticides 1 to 10 are specific for spices and the remaining are the general regulations for all plant foods.

Pesticide residue limits prescribed by Spain
Sl. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Name of the pesticides Acephate Atrazine Bendiocarb Carbaryl Carbosulfan Chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos - methyl Cipermethrin Diazinon Dicofol Dimethoate Etion MRL (mg/kg) 0.10 0.10 0.05 0.10 0.10 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.02 0.05 0.10

13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30.

Fentoato Fenitrothion Fenthron Melathron Metalaxyl Methamidophos Monocrotophos Omethoate Phosalone Pirimicarb Pirimiphos - methyl Profenofos Prothiofos Pyrazophos Terbuconazole Tolclophos - methyl Triazophos Vinclozolin

0.05 0.05 0.05 0.50 0.05 0.01 0.02 0.10 0.10 0.05 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.05 0.01 0.01 0.05

U.S. Pesticide tolerances for spices in PPM
Name of the Chemical Lindane BHC Heptachlor Heptachlor epoxide 0.01 Trifluralin Ehtlene oxide Diquat Dichlorvos 2.0 Dalapon 0.2 Name of Spice Ginger Turmeric 0.50 0.50 0.05 0.05 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.05 50.00 0.02 0.5 0.2 0.05 50.00 0.02 0.5 0.2 Cumin 0.00 Peppers 1.0

0.01

50.00

50.00

Aluminium phosphide 2, 4 -D Glyphosate Acephate Captan Carbaryl Carbofuran Chlorpyriphos Dicofol Dimethoate Endosulfan Ethion Malathion Metalaxyl Methamidophos Methomyl Methoxychlor Parathion Methyl parathion Methyl bromide Phosphamidon Quintozene Trifluralin Chlordane DDT, TDE, DDE Dieldrin

0.1 0.1 0.2

0.1 0.1 0.2

0.1

100

100

0.1 0.1 0.1 4.0 25.0 10.0 1.0 1.0 5.0 2.0 2.0 1.0 8.0 1.0 1.0 2.0 14.0 1.0 1.0 30.0 0.5 0.1 0.05 0.1 0.1 0.05

The maximum limits for pesticide residues in certain spices (PPM) in Japan
BHC DCIP DDT 2, 4, 5T Acephate Amitorole Iprodione Etrimfos Oxamyl Chinomethionat Glyphosate Glufosinate Chlorpyrifos Chlorfenvinphos Chlorfluazuron Chlorpropham Fenbutatinoxide Diethofencarb Dichlofluanid Dichlorvos Cyhalothrin Cyfluthrin Cyhexatin Prothiofos Premethrin Bentazone Pendmethalin Malathion Maleichydrazide Garlic --1.00 --N.D. 2.00 N.D. 0.10 0.20 1.00 0.50 0.20 0.20 0.01 2.00 --0.05 2.00 5.00 15.00 0.10 0.50 2.00 N.D. 0.10 3.00 0.20 0.20 8.00 50.00 Celery 0.20 1.00 0.20 N.D. 0.50 N.D. 5.00 0.20 5.00 0.50 0.20 0.20 0.05 2.00 0.40 0.05 2.00 5.00 15.00 0.10 0.50 --N.D. --2.00 0.20 0.20 2.00 25.00 Ginger --1.00 --N.D. 0.10 N.D. 5.00 0.20 1.00 0.50 0.20 0.20 0.01 2.00 --0.05 2.00 5.00 15.00 0.10 0.50 --N.D. 0.10 3.00 0.20 0.20 2.00 25.00

Myclobutanil Methiocarb Mepronil Lenacil Cypermethrin Sethoxydim Daminozide Thiobeencarb Thiomeeton Dieldrin Delta Methrin Tralomethrin Trichlamide Trichlorofon Triflumzole Tolclophosmethyl Parathion Parathionmethyl Pyridaben Pirimicarb Pirimifosmethyl Pyrethrins Fenarimol Fenobucarb Fenvalerate

1.00 0.05 1.00 0.30 5.00 10.00 N.D. 0.20 0.10 N.D. 0.10 0.50 0.20 0.50 1.00 2.00 --1.00 1.00 2.00 1.00 1.00 0.50 0.30 0.50

--0.05 1.00 0.30 5.00 10.00 N.D. 0.20 0.10 N.D. --0.50 0.20 0.20 1.00 2.00 0.30 1.00 3.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.50 0.30 2.00

--0.05 1.00 0.30 5.00 10.00 N.D. 0.20 0.10 N.D. --0.50 0.20 0.20 1.00 2.00 --1.00 --2.00 1.00 1.00 0.50 0.30 0.50

General microbiological specification - Germany & Netherlands
Parameter Germany Total Aerobic Bacteria E-coli Bacilus cereus Standard Value Danger Value

1 x 105/g Absent 1 x 104/g

1 x 106/g Absent 1 x 105/g

Staphylococcus aureus Salmonella Sulfite reducing clostridiea Netherlands Bacilus cereus Escherichia coli Clostridum perfringens Staphylococcus aureus Salmonella Total Aerobic Bacteria Yeast and Mold Coliform

1 x 102/g Absent in 25 g. 1 x 104/g

1 x 103/g Absent in 25 g. 1 x 105/g

Absent in 20 grm. The danger values similar to that of Germany "" "" "" "" 1 x 106/g 1 x 103/g 1 x 102/g

Summary of legislation on aflatoxins in ESA Member countries and other major importing countries Aflatoxin regulations for Foods and Spices (as of December 2003) European Union [EU]*
Commodity Afla B1 (µg/kg) Spices 5 AflaB1,B2,G1,G2 (µg/kg) 10 Remarks Capsicum spp.(dried fruits thereof, whole or ground including chillies chilli powder, cayenne and paprika) Myristica fragrans (nutmeg); Zingiber officinale (ginger), Curcuma longa.

Middle East Countries: Country Commodity Afla B1 (µg/kg) Afla B1,B2, G1,G2 (µg/kg) Remarks

Bahrain

No

1996 situation

regulation Egypt Food (peanuts & Cereals) Food 5 10

Iran

5

15

Pistachio nuts, peanuts, edible seeds walnuts, other nuts) 1996 situation

Iraq Jordan Food

No regulations 15 30

Almonds, cereals, maize, rice, peanuts, pistachio nuts, pine nuts Situation as on 1996

Kuwait Lebanon Oman Complete food stuffs

No regulation 10 No regulation Infant and 0.05 children food Food 5 (Peanuts and pistachios) Food (Peanuts raw) No official regulation 0.05 -

Palestine Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria

Situation as on 1996

UAE

15

Latest Codex Standard

Yemen

Some control takes

place

AUSTRALIA, JAPAN AND INDIA Country Commodity Australia Peanuts and Tree nuts Japan All Foods India All Food products Afla B1 (µg/kg) 10 Total Afla (µg/kg) 15 30

*EU Member states: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxemburg, The Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, United kingdom, Czech republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia. EU Candidate Member States: - Bulgaria, Romania and Turkey may join the EU later. Source:- Materials developed by the Bureau Communantaire de reference (BCR) as of Dec.2003 Website: www.fao.org/docrep

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