ENGLISH

[Reader and Supplementary Reader]

Standard VI

A Publication under Government of Tamilnadu Distribution of Free Textbook Programme (NOT FOR SALE)
A Publication under

Untouchability is a sin Untouchability is a crime Untouchability is inhuman

TAMILNADU TEXTBOOK CORPORATION

College Road, Chennai – 600 006.

© Government of Tamilnadu First Edition - 2003 Reprint - 2007 Chairperson Dr. K.M. PRABHU, Reader, Dept. of English, Govt. Arts College, Nandanam, Chennai - 600 035. Overall Reviewer Thiru S.GOMATHINATHAN, Special Officer, ELT / Reader, D.T.E.R.T. (Retired), No. W - 302, 19th Street, ‘C’ Sector, Annanagar West, Chennai - 600 101 Reviewers: Ms. R. Nagarathnammal, Headmistress, Ganeshbai Galada Jain Girls Hr. Sec. School, Mint Street, Sowcarpet, Chennai 600 079. Authors: Thiru M. Arjunan, B.T. Assistant, S.S. Govt. Boys Hr. Sec. School, Rajapalayam 626 117. Thiru V. Shanmugam, Junior Lecturer, Govt. Teacher Training Institute, Ranipet.632 401. Tmt. A. Santha, Headmistress, Govt. Girls Hr. Sec. School, Kodavasal, Thiruvarur Dist. 612 601. Thiru R. Jeyakani, Junior Lecturer, Govt. Teacher Training Institute, Samuga Rengapuram. Thiruneveli 627 112. Thiru N. Thirunavukkarasu, Supervisor, Block Resource Centre, GHS., Veerapandy - P.O. Salem Dist. 636 308.

This book has been prepared by the Directorate of School Education on behalf of the Government of Tamilnadu. This book has been printed on 60 G.S.M. Paper Printed by Web Offset at : Asian Printers, Chennai - 600 014.

THE NATIONAL ANTHEM
FULL VERSION Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka jaya he Bharata-bhagya-vidhata. Punjaba-Sindhu-Gujarata-MarathaDravida-Utkala-Banga Vindhya-Himachala-Yamuna-Ganga Uchchhala-jaladhi-taranga Tava Subha name jage, Tava Subha asisa mage, Gahe tava jaya-gatha. Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he Bharata-bhagya-vidhata. Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he Jaya jaya, jaya, jaya he. SHORT VERSION Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka jaya he Bharata-bhagya-vidhata. Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he Jaya jaya, jaya, jaya he.

AUTHENTIC ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF THE NATIONAL ANTHEM
Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people, Thou dispenser of India’s destiny. Thy name rouses the hearts of the Punjab, Sind, Gujarat and Maratha, of Dravid, Orissa and Bengal. It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas, mingles in the music of the Yamuna and Ganges and is chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea. They pray for Thy blessings and sing Thy praise The saving of all people waits in Thy hand, Thou dispenser of India’s destiny. Victory, Victory, Victory to Thee.
iii

” “I further affirm that I shall never resort to violence and that all differences and disputes relating to religion. region or other political or economic grievances should be settled by peaceful and constitutional means.THE NATIONAL INTEGRATION PLEDGE “I solemnly pledge to work with dedication to preserve and strengthen the freedom and integrity of the nation. Praise unto ‘You. language. inspires awe and ecstasy.” INVOCATION TO GODDESS TAMIL Bharat is like the face beauteous of Earth clad in wavy seas. whose majestic youthfulness. Deccan is her brow crescent-like on which the fragrant ‘Tilak’ is the blessed Dravidian land. Goddess Tamil. Like the fragrance of that ‘Tilak’ plunging the world in joy supreme reigns Goddess Tamil with renown spread far and wide. iv .

It is hoped that this book. As developing communication skills in English remains the focus of attention of current trends in language teaching. discussion and emphasis on strategic. are open ended and they are intended to encourage learners to express their opinion and points of view leading to opportunities for communication. The supplementary reader contains six stories drawn from themes most interesting and appealing to the imagination of learners. v . activities in this book have been prepared to include contextual cues. It would have served its purpose even if it serves as a trend setter in Government’s attempt to make education for all a reality.PREFACE The Government of Tamil Nadu has revised the syllabus to make the learning of English a pleasant. The topics for the text have mostly been drawn from themes most relevant. Some of the questions in them and in the main course book as well. interesting and appealing to the imagination of young learners. will be received well. joyful and interesting experience resulting towards the mastery of the capacity to communicate in the English language. its limitations inherent or otherwise not withstanding. occupational and creative competencies. In order to achieve this laudable objective this book has endeavoured to include within it features such as dialogues. Learners are provided with text and not sentences even while dealing with grammer and writing.

with questions on understanding the figures of speech. Section E of each unit contains a poem. The list of competencies handled in a unit has been elaborately enunciated at the beginning of each unit.NOTE TO THE TEACHER This book has been prepared in accordance with the revised syllabus which has specified the various competencies to be completed in the sixth standard. which. it is hoped. The phonemic transcription against words in the glossary of the reader is intended to stimulate teachers to use the English pronouncing dictionary exhaustively. vi . will help learners enhance their appreciation skills. The content and skills promoted by this book are intended to enrich the quality of communication in the class room. Sections A to D of each unit help learners to acquire the competencies in diverse ways.

4 3. Changing declarative into interrogative and vice-versa. Presenting raw data in a systematic form.1 4. Asking/Answering questions.1 6. Skimming a text to get the general idea.PART.2 2. Articulating consonants properly / Discriminating between problem sounds-consonants.I UNIT – I COMPETENCIES: 1. Greeting people using appropriate expressions. Writing connected sentences. Identifying these words in different written/spoken contexts.1 2. Introducing oneself/ others.1 4.1 7.1 Giving the meaning of unfamiliar words. Referring to a dictionary for meaning and spelling.1 1. Using simple imperatives in classroom conversations.3 2. 1 .1 8.2 2. Identifying the types of sentences.2 5.

3. Rangan : So what? Velu : I know something already but I need some more information. Let us ask him. 4. a research scholar in Tamil Literature. The teacher will read the following dialogue.2. how are you? Rangan : Hai Velu. Nathan.) Rangan : Mr.A LISTENING / SPEAKING / DISCUSSION (4. thank you. I need some incident from ancient literature. It is early on Sunday. (They enter the room. I am going to talk on ‘Unity is Strength’ in the inter school competition. Nathan is reading a paper.1. I know my brother’s friend. Velu : Can’t we meet him now? Rangan : Yes. here? Velu : You know. Let us go in and meet him in the room. Mr. Fine. He is here with us today. What makes you come. Rangan : Well. indeed. Listen carefully. 2 .SECTION .1) I. AVVAIYAR’S ACHIEVEMENT Velu : Hai Ranga.

Please read more about Avvaiyar and also practise the values found in her poems. Probably you can build on this incident in your speech. Here is an incident of how the great poetess ‘Avvaiyar’ brought about unity among the three kings. what can I do for you? This is Velu. 3 . All the three kings attended the wedding. my friend.Nathan : Rangan : Nathan : Velu : Rangan: Nathan : Velu : Nathan : Rangan : Nathan : Velu : Nathan : Rangan : Nathan : Velu : Nathan : Velu : Nathan : Yes. Hello! Pleased to meet you. sir. Avvaiyar worked for the unity among these Kings. It must have been a unique event. For example. Her songs are full of humanism. the Pandya king at Veerapandi and the Chola king at Uthamacholapuram. now known as Salem. She must have been very popular She was a zealous poetess and humane too. Chola and Pandya kings attended a wedding arranged by her. remember this adage. After the wedding Avvaiyar suggested that they stayed back for a few days. weren’t they? Yes. they were more at war than in peace. Velu is taking part in a speech competition on ‘Unity is Strength’. Once the ancient Chera. Could you give a few tips from ancient literature? You know how divided the Tamil kings were among themselves. Where was it? At Selaram. Where did they stay? The Chera king stayed at Salem. I have read ‘Athichudi’ and “Nalvazhi That’s good. They were usually at war with one another.

there are only two castes or classes Benefactors are the noble and others ignoble “. III. Abdul : So am I. Sir. Then the teacher will ask you the following questions.Nathan. Answer them orally. Who is the poetess referred to in the dialogue? 2. meet my cousin Abdul Ram : Glad to meet you. Glossary: unique humane humanism ancient values - /ju:|ni:k / /hju:|mein/ /|hju:m@nizm / /|einS@nt / /|v{lju:z/ only one of its kind kind hearted respect for human interests of the past ideals and principles II. Rangan : Thank you. Can you think of another such event from history? 4. Karim introduces his friend Ram to his cousin. Practise the above dialogue taking roles. 1. The following phrase is used by Velu when he was introduced to Mr. Where did the three kings meet? 3. Karim : Ram.“Know thee. Now practise the dialogue in groups taking roles. 4 . sir. Describe a song of Avvaiyar you have read on humanism.” There are different ways of introducing. “Pleased to meet you.

IV. Name four religions you know. compare your answers and tabulate them as follows: Student Religion Holy Place Festival / / shave sheet shine short z /f/ fan fail fill fin /p/ pan pail pill pin /z/ zoo zest zinc zap /d3/ jew jest jink jap 5 . List the holy places and the festivals of these religions. Sit in groups of five. Listen to the teacher saying the following pairs: she see full pull zealous jealous b. 2. 3. Listen to the teacher and repeat the pairs of words after her’ /s/ save seat sign sort V. a. Group work: 1.

I am proud to belong to a land which has taught the world both tolerance and universal acceptance. We accept all religions as true. It fills my heart with great joy to rise in response to your kind words. brethren. It is repeated everyday by millions of people: “As the different streams mingle their water in the sea.B READING AND WRITING (1.2.1. I remember to have repeated it from my earliest boyhood. a few lines from a hymn. 6 .1.SECTION . 1. all lead to Thee”. 6. Lord. 5. I thank you in the name of the most ancient order of monks in the world. We believe in universal toleration. You have given us a warm and cordial welcome. so.1) SWAMI VIVEKANANDA SPEAKS Sisters and Brothers of America. the different paths which men take. I will quote to you.

so turn him out. 7 . this fellow is a liar. one day. It was born there and brought up there. “Where are you from?” “I am from the sea”. another frog that lived in the sea came and fell into the well. ”Let us cease from abusing each other. “Is your sea so big?” “What nonsense you speak. to compare the sea with your well!” “Well. said the frog of the well. A frog lived in a well. there can be nothing bigger than this. But I think I should tell you a story now. then”. Well. It cleaned the water everyday of all the worms that lived in it.” said the frog of the sea . “nothing can be bigger than my well. “My friend. “The sea! How big is that? Is it as big as my well?” And he took a leap from one side of the well to the other. It would illustrate the cause of these differences.” He was very sorry that there should always be so many differences among us.” That has been the difficulty all the while. and yet was a little frog. We sit in our well thinking that the whole world is the little well. In this way it went on and became a little sleek and fat. “how do you compare the sea with your little well?” Then the frog took another leap and asked. It had lived there for a long time.You have heard the speaker who has just finished say.

Mention at least two things great about India not given in the lesson. Answer each of the following questions in one or two sentences. Which of the two frogs has seen both the well and the sea? 5. What is great about India according to Swami Vivekananda? 6.Glossary: Cordial response monk tolerance universal acceptance hymn mingle cease abusing sleek leap liar I. 8 - /|kO:di@l/ /ris|pOns/ /mVnk/ /tQ@rans/ /ju:ni|v@:sl/ /@k|sept@ns/ /him/ /miNgl/ /si:s/ /@|bju:ziN/ /sli:k/ /li:p/ /lAi@/ friendly reply saint accept without protest relating to all agreeing a song of praise to God mix with come to a stop wrong treatment soft jump one who tells lies . 1. Comprehension a. What is the main idea presented in the lesson “Swami Vivekananda speaks”? 2. What are streams and the sea compared to? 3. Did the frog of the sea come to the well willingly? How do you know? 4.

[ ] a. a. “Let us cease from abusing each other. Swami Vivekananda _________ to illustrate the reason for differences among people. accepts what the frog of the sea says c. India has taught the world ____________________ and _____________________. 3. tells a story c. _________ said. calls the other frog a liar [ ] b. Fill in the blanks: 1. Choose the appropriate answer. is happy meeting the other frog d.b. The frog of the sea ] b. One frog was born and brought up in the well and the other was ____________________. disagrees with the frog of the sea 3. quotes from a hymn 2. gives a lecture b. The person who spoke before Swami Vivekananda c. 1. _______________ gave Swami Vivekananda a warm welcome. The frog of the well d.” [ a. The frog of the well ____________ . thanks the people of the USA d. 2. 9 . Swami Vivekananda c.

I played chess with my classmates.The first period was English. . . Writing Your sister has written a day’s events in her diary. .After study I had breakfast.I had a bath. . . .We played a language game.I went to bed at 9 p. . . They are not separated into what happened at school and what happened at home. Help her to tabulate them and then rewrite them in two separate paragraphs.I had lunch at 1 o’ clock. . . .m. .We learnt some new words from that.I reached the school at 8:30 in the morning.II.I watched a film on TV at night.I finished my home work. The sentences are also jumbled.I got up at 5 in the morning. 10 .

2. 3. 1. It is usually used to ask for information.1. 11 .2. Grammar Read the following sentences taken from the text. 2.2.2. What nonsense you speak! - Sentence 1 is a declarative sentence. Sentence 2 is an interrogative sentence.7.4. How big is the sea? Turn him out. Sentence 3 is an imperative sentence. It is usually used to give information.1.SECTION-C OTHER ACTIVITIES ON SPECIFIC COMPETENCIES (1.2. It is usually used to get things done.3.2. 4. A frog lived in a well.1.1) I Vocabulary Read the dialogue in Section A and write the words which mean the following: happiness happening being united enthusiasm known widely propose marriage ceremony II.

a) Here is a conversation between two students in the class. I hope you have done your home work. It is usually used to express strong feelings. When did you return from Chennai? Fine. In fact I am not well because of this. I’ll meet the teacher and seek permission to go home. I should excuse myself from the class today. Correct the sentences of Shyam. The subject is implied in an imperative sentence. 12 . Oh. But how pleasant it is here! Hai. Pradeesh Prasanna Pradeesh Prasanna Pradeesh Prasanna : : : : : : Why are you waiting outside? Come in. How are you? Then go home and take rest. All right. sir? Please do. how are you? Yes. Prasanna.Sentence 4 is an exclamatory sentence. Rewrite them in the correct order. I think. An interrogative sentence is followed by a question mark (?) 2. thank you. How was your picnic yesterday? How nice was it! So you had a good time. An exclamatory sentence is followed by an exclamation mark(!) 3. it was horrible. I can come in. Pradeesh Prasanna : : b) The following is a conversation between a teacher and Shyam. Did you have good weather on your trip? Just this morning. Note: 1. The sentences are in a jumbled order. Shyam Teacher Shyam Teacher : : : : Good morning.

___________ 14. ___________ 4. ___________ 7. ___________ 5. ache 2. 1. ___________ 6. sir? : Haven’t you done the sums I gave you? : Oh. ___________ 8. ___________ 13. ___________ 13 .Shyam Teacher Shyam : You gave us any home work. “An example is given for you. eg. ___________ 3. ___________ 12. ___________ 15. Study skills: Write as many words as possible using the letters in the word “TEACHER. how forgetful am I! III. ___________ 9. ___________ 11. ___________ 10.

1. Find out the word / words from the same text with the same meaning and write them down.1.2. Kind Say Small Paths You - 14 .D ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES (1.SECTION . 8.1) I. Vocabulary: The following are the words taken from the text “Swami Vivekananda Speaks” under Section B.

000 1.000 Dec.000 1.GroEduca House Books Dress Tra th Cery -tion Rent -vel (Rs.000 1. 1.000 Sept. Did he spend more on grocery or education? 5.000 1.) (Rs.000 Apr.000 1. 2. 3.000 1.000 Nov. 4. 1. The month when he spent least. 3. 6.000 1. 4.000 Mar.000 4.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 Feb.000 4.000 1.000 6.000 May 5.000 2.000 July 1. 1.000 2.000 2.) (Rs.000 1.000 7. 5. Discuss with your friends the annual expenditure of Thiru Naveen last year as given in the table: Mon.II. The item on which he spent most.000 - Write a sentence each on the following. The money spent by Naveen for the whole year.000 1.) (Rs. Writing: Sit in groups of six.000 1. 2.000 1.000 Oct. The month when he spent most.) (Rs.000 1.000 8.000 Aug.000 1.000 June 3. 2.) (Rs.000 1.) Jan.000 3.000 2.000 2. 15 . Then the group leader can rewrite them as a paragraph. 2.000 1.000 1.

6. The item on which he spent least. 7. When did he travel a lot? 8. Why do you think he spent more in June? 9. When do you think his children were the happiest? 10. What would you suggest to Naveen about his expenditure and budget?

16

SECTION - E
O God Beautiful ‘*

O God beautiful, O God beautiful, At Thy feet, O I do bow! O God beautiful, O God beautiful, In the forest Thou art green; In the mountain Thou art high; In the river Thou art restless; In the ocean Thou art grave. O God beautiful, O God beautiful, At Thy feet, O I do bow! To the serviceful Thou art service; To the lover Thou art love; To the sorrowful Thou art sympathy; To the yogi Thou art bliss. O God beautiful, O God beautiful, At Thy feet, O I do bow! O God beautiful, O God beautiful! -Guru Nanak Translated by Paramahansa Yogananda and taken from Words of Cosmic Chants’
17

Glossary: bow grave sympathy bliss - /bau/ - /greiv/ - /simp@Ti/ - /blis/ bending the head or body as a sign of respect serious feeling of pity great joy

I. Answer each of the following questions in a sentence or two: 1. Is God at rest in the river? Give a reason or two for your answer. 2. Who does he show sympathy? 3. Who enjoys bliss? 4. God is Love. What else is He? 5. Does the poet see himself as a lover and a yogi? Why? 6. Where does the poet find God? II. Match the following words with their suitable qualities. mountain ocean serviceful forest lover sorrowful yogi river restless service love green grave high sympathy bliss *****

18

s.13 Identifying the time adverbials for different tenses.15 Suggesting probability of the occurrence of an activity. to write correct spelling.8 Spelling of mono/disyllabic words in their base/lexical form. Locating books in a library. 19 .10 To give the past tense spelling of verbs (with ‘ed’ ending). 2.4 7. .14 Asking for permission to do something.4 9.16 Suggesting politely. Leave Letters. Copying a text without errors.2 Listening to announcements in school.es and-ies ending. 2. 1. 3.2 6.II COMPETENCIES: 1. 1.UNIT . Giving directions / instructions. 2.9 The spelling of plural nouns with . 2. Understanding the meaning of unfamiliar words.4 4.6 5.

16. But I haven’t received it so far. As you go out of the Post Office. : Is that so? Can I get some information regarding my mail? : You may try with the Sorting Office. the letters from the West are delayed due to the train accident. what can I do for you? : My father is in Mumbai. The Teacher will read the following dialogue. Could I ask the attendant to help you? [Balu meets the attendant] : Well. sir? 20 . sir? : Please do.6) I. Listen carefully. turn left. Balu Post Master Balu Post Master Balu Post Master Balu Post Master Attendant Balu Attendant Balu : May I come in.1. : O. sir. : How far is it.K.SECTION-A LISTENING / SPEAKING / DISCUSSION (2.13-2. Would you please check it up? : You see. He sent a mail last week. : Keep walking. : Could you tell me the way? : I am a little busy.

.. III.. Take the right turn.. Did Balu reach the Sorting Office? 5.. 3.. 21 . answer the following.... Then the teacher will ask you the following questions. Complete the sentence Balu’s father is in .. Thank you very much. delayed happened information - /dI|leid/ /|h{p@nd/ /Inf@|meiSn/ late occurred news II.. What does Balu expect from the Post Master? 3.... Have you ever been to a countryside or town? 2.. find out....... If yes.. Glossary: : : : Just half a kilometer.. What do you see there? 4.. Cross the road carefully. Do you like the place? 5. I know now.. Group work: 1. 1... Answer them orally. If no.Attendant Balu Attendant I... Do you like to shift to that place? Why? Sit down in groups of six and discuss your answers. What is this dialogue about? 2... What is the reason for the delay of the letter from Mumbai? 4... Now practise the dialogue in groups taking roles.

They often wrote to each other. One day. He has asked me to spend a week in the countryside.B READING AND WRITING (5. Kitchen Cupboard Mouse Town 11 March 2150 Dear Cousin. the Country Mouse got this letter from his cousin.2) THE TOWN MOUSE AND THE COUNTRYMOUSE The Town Mouse and the Country Mouse were cousins.SECTION . I have been ill with a cough and my doctor feels I need a holiday. 22 .

”Don’t you have any orange juice or lemonade?”. The Country Mouse was waiting at the station.” “Coconut water?” asked the Town Mouse in horror. “Oh.” said the Country Mouse. So.” “Well. “The train was dreadful. Town Cousin To The Mouse Hole Mouse Country The Town Mouse packed his bags and caught the next train to the countryside.” he said to himself. there was nothing he could do about it. ”But I can look around for some coconut water if you like. Cousin. he grumbled to himself while the train chugged slowly into the country. The day was bright and sunny and soon the Town Mouse began to feel hot in the train. However. 23 . “I feel very uncomfortable here”.” the Town Mouse said as soon as he got off the train. I have some water. I hope you have something ice-cold for me to drink at home. I feel terribly hot and thirsty.May I please stay with you? With warm regards. Yours affectionately. “I wish there was an air-conditioned coach.

He nibbled at the root and the sugar-cane and then said he wanted to sleep. “Yes. cold ground. I’m sure you will enjoy that. Try it. “Do I have to sleep on the ground?” “Yes. So. “But I found a very nice piece of root today and a tender bit of sugar-cane.” his cousin answered.” 24 . “Why is it so quiet here? Where are all the cars and lorries? Where are the radios and the televisions? Where are all the lights?” “This is how it is in the country.” “Root? Sugar-cane?” the Town Mouse exclaimed. It’s not bad. “There you are. “Cousin. he suddenly thought of something. you can sleep there. “But I don’t eat raw food like that.” his cousin replied.” he called out. what is it?” the Country Mouse asked. “This is what we eat in the country.” “On the ground?” asked the Town Mouse.“I am afraid not. As the Town Mouse lay down on the hard. The Country Mouse showed a corner in the mouse hole and said.” The Country Mouse said. this is how we sleep in the country. I’m afraid you too have to eat this.” replied his cousin.” The Town Mouse did not enjoy his dinner at all. “It’s always quiet in the country.

“A nice piece of root or a tender bit of sugar-cane.” he said.” A few days later. the Town Mouse.” But the Town Mouse had enough.” said the Town Mouse to himself. Mouse Hole Mouse Country 22 March 2150 My dear Cousin. Country Mouse The Town Mouse read this letter four times. Here is the letter. “Thank you. “I don’t think I like here.” he said. I am worried about you. Cousin.) COME SOON (.) TOWN MOUSE 25 .” Next morning. Here is his telegram. His cousin told him that they had to go to the nearby farm to hunt for food. “We are sure to find something there. Your Cousin. I have suddenly remembered that I have forgotten something.‘The country is a strange place. I would like to visit you and make sure you are alright. the Country Mouse wrote to his cousin. OVERJOYED (. I hope you are well. “But I think I’ll catch the next train home. the Town Mouse found that there was no breakfast ready. With love.

“Here there are lights even in the middle of the night. the house of the Town Mouse at the back of a kitchen cupboard was full of the most delicious food.” his cousin replied. “Why are there lights even in the middle of the day?” he asked.” “I have plenty of food. He was surprised by the noise and the lights.” Sure enough. There was bread and jam.” the Town Mouse replied. “All this noise has made my head ache.ice cold lemonade. different kinds of furits. orange juice . “Could I have some water to drink?” “Why only water?” said the Town Mouse. “Look at what there is for you .” he said. slabs of chocolate and huge piece of lovely cheese.” said the Town Mouse produly. “This is the town.” “And what is this dreadful noise that never stops?” asked the Country Mouse.. “Some water and a little bit of food.” But the Country Mouse did not like it at all. “That is the noise made by thousands of buses and lorries and cars and even aeroplanes. the Country Mouse arrived in town. Cousin.” answered the Country Mouse. “You can eat as much as you like. “That is the traffic. which one do you want? “Just some water. 26 ..A few days later.

He was quite cheerful again. Cousin. they did not visit each other again. The country Mouse felt his heart beating very fast. “I want to go back to the country. Cousin. eat. run.” So. there was a sound like thunder and the Town Mouse shouted. The Country Mouse got quite tired of the running and hiding. And as far as I know. run. but at least we can eat in peace. Twice more. the Town Mouse crept out of the hole. “But what is it?” he asked. “Wait”. the next day. “Come out now. When everything was silent again. We are safe now. Cousin.” he said. “That was only somebody opening the cupboard door. Glossary: countryside grumbled chugged dreadful -/ |kVntrisaid/ -/|grVmbld/ -/tSVgd/ -/|dredfl/ 27 village complained in a low voice the slow movement of an engine unbearable .” he said.” The Town Mouse pushed the Country Mouse out through a hole in the back of the cupboard.” But they were not safe for very long. But just then. ”Run. “We may not get much food there.” said the Town Mouse. they had to run for safety when somebody opened the cupboard door. the Country Mouse went back to his house in the country and the Town Mouse stayed on in his cupboard in the town.“Eat. “Sssh” whispered the Town Mouse.

Answer the following questions. 28 . Comprehension a. How did the Town Mouse go to the country? 2. Where did his cousin take him for breakfast? b. Why did the Country Mouse feel his heart beating very fast? 5. Did he enjoy the journey? Why? 3. 3.terrible lemonade nibbled strange delicious slab huge cheese thunder whispered quite -/t|er@bl/ -/lem@|neid/ -/|nIbld / -/streIndZ/ -/dI|lIS@s/ -/sl{b/ -/hju:dZ/ -/tSi:z/ -/|TVnd@/ -/|wisp@d/ -/kwaIt/ unpleasant lemon juice took small bites of food not familiar tasty flat piece big a food item made of milk loud noise heard after lightning murmured completely I. 5. Could he sleep well in the hole? 4. Lemonade 2. 1. 4. List at least five items of food and drink mentioned in the story. 1.

1. 3. 3. friends and others.c.We use friendly and conversational style. 4. There are many words which describe low noise and loud noise of various kinds in the lesson. Formal or official letters Informal letters are written to our relatives. Letter Writing 1. You have read a model of an informal letter in the lesson “The Town Mouse and the Country Mouse”. 2. low noise 1. 2. 4. 5. loud noise II. Informal or personal letters 2. 5. List them in the table below. Note below the different parts of an informal letter : 1 Kitchen Cupboard Mouse Town 11th March 2150 2 Dear Cousin 29 .

Town Cousin To The Mouse Hole Mouse Country 5 The different parts of an informal letter are 1. 3 4 Yours affectionately. 30 ->1<- Chennai 9th August 1998 . Formal Letters are business letters. May I please stay with you? With warm regards. Leave taking or subscription 5. Address on the envelope or the superscription III. We use polite and serious style. Greeting or Salutation 3. etc. Note below the parts of a formal letter From G. applications.I have been ill with a cough and my doctor feels I need a holiday. Body of the letter 4. invitations. He has asked me to spend a week in the country side. Anna Salai Chennai-2 To The Headmistress Govt.Sec.School Chennai -5. The Heading 2. Girls Hr.Elizabeth 14.

Mrs.Elizabeth The date and the heading Address of the receiver Greeting or salutation Body of the letter Leave taking or subscription Address on the envelope or superscription 1. Prabhu with Priya. Girls Hr. Read the following invitation.5. Arjunan cordially invite you to the wedding of their son A.8. School.00 a. 4. 2. Thirunavakkarasu at Ananda Mahal. 5. Sec.Madam. 4 5 To The Headmistress. 6 Yours obediently G. 1.1998. Chennai . 3. Rajammal Arjunan and Mr. Please grant me leave for three days from 10. the daughter of Mrs and Mr. 6. Govt. My parents have planned to go to Shrine Velankanni at Nagapattinam.m. Rajapalayam on the 27th of January 2004 at 9. With best compliments from Friends and relatives 31 . Thanking you.

it sends a letter to the branch manager. As the telephone lines don’t work. It decides to take a flight.Your uncle has invited you for his son’s wedding. 32 . The Town Mouse does not get a ticket to reach the Country side. Indian Airlines for reservation. Write the letter of the Town Mouse. Use the letter of The Town Mouse as a model. 2. a week ahead of the wedding and take part in the arrangements also. Write a letter informing him that you will reach his place. It wants to reserve a ticket by the Indian Airlines to a town nearest to the Country side.

1. Dictate monosyllabic and disyllabic words and ask the students to write them. 33 . Divide the class into groups of five or six. Vocabulary a. At the end of the dictation make the leader of each group write the dictated words on the black board.8.1.10) I.SECTION C OTHER ACTIVITIES ON SPECIFIC COMPETENCIES (1. Ask the other groups to tick the correct spelling and correct the wrong ones.9. Examples Monosyllabic mouse Field coach country letter thunder Disyllabic Read the monosyllabic and disyllabic words from the letter of the town mouse in this lesson and make the students underline those words. Ask them to memorise the spelling for a dictation exercise the next day.

Write the plural forms of the words given. brush. 1. I finished my homework very early. return. repeat Mohan ____________ from school at 5:00 pm yesterday. road. The girls played kabbadi yesterday. Later he _________ on the tape and __________ to some songs. Such verbs are called regular verbs. desk c. for some time. watch. army. listen.V. switch. He _________ T. tax. book. Look at the following singular and plural form Singular pen girl glass mango baby Plural pens girls glasses mangoes babies The plural of nouns are formed by adding -s or -es. 34 . 3. Read the following sentences. The past forms of some verbs are formed by adding-ed. 2.b. We shifted to Delhi last year. or –ies to the singular form. enemy. match. Add -ed to the following verbs and fill in the blanks.

But my parents are leaving for Varanasi in two days. 35 Headmaster : Gopal : . Read the following sentences 1. You may come after a week. Gopal : Headmaster : Gopal : Headmaster Gopal : : May I come in. 5. 2. 3. 1. Thank you. In that case you might try to get it from the office. sir? Yes. 2. Sekar met his friend two days ago. sir. May I get an application form for scholarship? We have not yet received them from the office. The doctor arrives this morning. Read the following sentences and underline the ‘adverbials of time’.II. 2. What do you want? Sir. The President will meet the press at 10:00 am. Hassan left home at dawn. The first answer is done for you. 3. of course. 4. We shall go on a trip in the morning. ‘in the morning’. Priya attends the special class in the evening. I attended the marriage last month. Wake me up at five o’ clock. 1. rat 10.00 am’ are adverbials of time. Grammar I. ‘Last month’. Read the following dialogue.

. Study Skills You are interested in locating a few books on Tamil Literature in the Library. books will be arranged as in the order given in a dictionary. Thirupugazh Arunagirinathar 5. Name of the book Author 1. Collected songs Bharathiyar 2. Strategic Skill 1. Don’t make mistakes while copying. When you reach the library. Puratchikavi Bharathidasan 4. III. (eg. Thevaram Appar 3. 2. Rearrange the books given below as per the Librarian’s direction. 36 1. Thembavani Veeramamunivar IV. Write the poem ‘O God Beautiful’ in the note book. 3.Note: 1. ‘Might’ is used for polite suggestion. Then the same poem will be written on the black board. Your teacher will dictate the poem ‘The Post Man’.No. ‘May’ is also used for suggesting probability. Exchange your note books for correction. S. 2. Thiruvasakam Manickavasakar 6. If the first three letters are the same for two authors. ‘May’ is the expression used in asking for permission. the librarian merely gives the following:All books are arranged according to the name of the first three letters of the author. B H A for Bharathiyar) 2.

12. 1. class 4. Listen to her. They are leaving for Kancheepuram in the afternoon.6. Underline the adverbials of time in the following passage. cake 3.3. The half yearly examination will start on 16th December. 16.SECTION . Write the plural forms of the following nouns.12. The following time table will be followed. desk 6. Note down the dates and subjects carefully.12.2001 19. story 2.2001 23.9.12.4. company II. You will have Christmas holidays from 24th December st to 1 January 2002.12.D ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES (1.2001 20. They are leaving for Madurai tonight. a.2001 17.2001 21.12. torch 5.13.12.2001 22.2.12.2001 18.2001 Language English Mathematics Holiday Holiday Science Holiday Social Science 37 2:00 pm to 4:30 pm 2:00 pm to 4:30 pm 2:00 pm to 4:30 pm 2:00 pm to 4:30 pm 2:00 pm to 4:30 pm . The tourists from Japan are arriving at 7 O’ clock in the morning.4) I. III. Your class teacher reads the following announcement.

Your mother is sick. 2. Thekkadi. 5. You want to take her to hospital Write a letter to your class teacher requesting her to grant you leave for one day to take your mother to hospital.10. A sum of Rs.10.Answer the following questions: 1. Your class teacher has planned for an educational trip to Munnar. IV.2001.is the fee for the tour. 4. 3. Write a letter to your friend inviting him / her to join you on a trip to Andaman Islands between the 10th and 20th of next month. III. How will you make an announcement of this tour programme to the class.2001 to 10. Suruli falls and Vaigai dam during the Dassara holidays from 2. 38 . Do you have a holiday for Mathematics? What subject do you have on 22nd December? What is the duration of the examination? How many days will you get for Christmas holidays? When does the examination start and end? b. 750/.

Teasing silly sheep./f{ts@Ulz/ 39 .fat dogs . McLeod Glossary: lone testing bay fat souls .Irene R. without a partner ./ti:zIN/ . I love to sit and bay the moon To keep fat souls from sleep. a tough dog. I’m a rough dog./bei/ .E LONE DOG I am a lean dog. Hunting on my own. to make a person or an animal angry ./l@un/ . and lone. I’m a bad dog.bark .single. A wild dog. a mad dog. a keen dog. .SECTION .provoke.

What are the qualities of the dog? 4. What does the dog look like? 3. 2. 5. Lean 1. What is the connection between the dog barking at the moon and fat dogs keeping awake? II.EXERCISES I. Fill in the blanks with suitable words or phrases from the poem. Answer each of the following questions n a sentence or two: 1. 3. What is the poem about? 2. Rough Bad Lone Actions Teasing 40 . Write down the words from the poem in the respective columns which have the same sound as underlined in the word given. 1. 4. Qualities Rough and tough Likes most 2.

6 1.3 7. 41 .2 Asking for information. Giving information. Listening and doing. 2. 2.3 Using future tense for planned future actions.4 4.3 6. 4. Using present tense for habitual actions.9 Identifying parts of the human body. Greeting cards / Different types of greetings.7 2.5 5. 3. Reading and understanding the content of tables / charts. Looking for the gist of a text. Be able to refer to a dictionary for meaning and spelling.UNIT – III COMPETENCIES: 1.11 Using past tense for completed past actions with time adverbials.1 8. Syllabification for reading and spelling purposes for disyllabic and trisyllabic words. Dictation: Five or six simple sentences on a familiar theme.10 Using present tense for universal truth.

Sundar : So what? Chandar : That disturbed my sleep. wake up. 2. Chandar : Don’t you know that I always get up at 5. is it so? Sundar : Why are you late today? It’s time for our morning parade.00 in the morning to be ready for the parade? I have a severe headache.3. The teacher will read the following dialogue. 2. Sundar : Oh. 2. Listen carefully. Can’t we avoid this war? 42 .10..SECTION A LISTENING / SPEAKING / DISCUSSION (3. I lay awake all night and was thinking about the impending war with our neighbour..30 Chandar : mmm . WAR AND PEACE Sundar : Chandar. It’s already 5.11. 2. I see. Chandar : Last night.12) I.9.

) Oh. We will see the camp doctor.Sundar Chandar Sundar Chandar Sundar Chandar Sundar Chandar Sundar Chandar Sundar Chandar : We are a peace loving nation. : Can you climb the stairs? : . mmm . This war is forced on us. Teacher will ask you the following questions. Don’t you know that I start my day only after worshipping the Sun God. I am prepared to lay down my life for my mother land yet : A world without war is still a dream.. I know. 1. (in the terrace) : Why do you look to the west? After all.When does Chander get up in the morning? 43 . : What about meeting the captain? : We will meet the captain as planned in the evening.. Glossary : parade impending disturb - /p@|reid/ military exercise /im|pendiN/ an unpleasant event to happen very soon | /dis t3:b/ to break the calm of II. Anyhow it’s our duty to fight for the nation. let me go up to the terrace and watch the Sunrise as I usually do. Answer them orally. I’m confused.. : You’re right. you’re running a temperature. (Sundar touches Chandar’s head and takes the temperature.. : Before that. : What do you pray? : I always pray for a world without war. Practise the dialogue in groups taking roles. : Of course. the sun rises in the east.

Sit in groups of five. 10). 5. Collect some coins and currency notes (Re. Discuss why they are printed there. 3. Pictures Why they are important 44 . 1. Complete the table. 4. 2. Look at the pictures and words in them. What disturbed his sleep? Did he dream lying in the bed? Who will the soldiers meet as planned? What does Chandar pray to the Sun God? II. Rs. Rs.2.

He was the third emperor of the Mauryan dynasty and one of the greatest rulers of ancient India.3) THE HUMANE MONARCH Ashoka is unique among the Eastern Monarchs.He decided to win people’s heart through love and compassion. As the crown prince. He conquered men’s heart by the Law of Duty and Dharma and embraced Buddhism and became an ardent Buddhist. 6. He was the son of Bindusara and the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya.3. He was inhuman and brutal during the early years of his rule. He conquered Kalinga after a fierce battle.The resulting bloodshed made him aware of the futility of warfare.SECTION -B READING AND WRITING (5. 3.This battle proved to be the turning point of his life He was the only military monarch who abandoned warfare after victory. He killed his brothers and ascended the throne. He made 45 . he was the Viceroy of Ujjain. He was an emperor from 273 BC until his death.3. He started as an incomparable warrior and ended up as the noblest human being.

I will work for the welfare of all folk”.Buddhism the state religion. He built hospitals. Asoka inscribed the Buddha’s teachings on rocks. He became a Buddhist monk and the people saw in him a saintly father. They are called edicts. He built as many as 8.These are the words of Asoka. He lived up to the teachings of the Buddha. pillars and cave walls. “All men are my children. . He loved all beings. He instructed his Governors and officials to be just and merciful in their governance. He banned the killing of birds and the slaughtering of animals. He faithfully followed Buddhism and tried his best to spread the Dharma. He set up a number of monasteries.400 Buddhist Vihars during his life time. he led an austere life. He gave up eating meat and his favourite sport hunting. He gave comfort and solace to his subjects through his words and deeds. After becoming a Buddhist. He introduced several welfare measures for the benefit of the people. He disapproved and condemned the meaningless rituals prevalent in the society. So he opened animal sanctuaries. dug wells and planted trees. Glossary: incomparable dynasty ascended conquer embrace - /in|kbmp@r@bl/ that nothing can be compared to /di|n{sti/ succession of rulers belonging to one family /@|sendid/ became a king / kQNk@/ to defeat enemies | / em breis/ to accent a set of beliefs 46 . He sent missionaries to Ceylon and several other countries to spread the religion.

Did he love animals? b. How did he win people’s heart? 3. Comprehension a. People loved him because ________________________ ____________________________________________ a) b) he was a great ruler he was full of love and compassion 47 . Give word or words from the text in support of your choice. Chandragupta Maurya was the grandfather of Asoka. 1. 2. How did Asoka become the king? 2. 1.sanctuary prevalent ardent - / |s{NktSuari/ / |prev@l@nt/ /a:d@nt/ an area where animals are protected that exists at a particular time or place enthusiastic I. Answer each of the following questions in one or two sentences. Complete the sentences choosing the correct answer from the options given. Say ‘True’ or ‘False’. He introduced welfare measures only for the benefit of his relatives and friends. 1. c. Why did he send missionaries to several countries? 4.

.................................................. . Oh.. Good........ Murugan Uncle Murugan Uncle : : : : Uncle........ please have a piece of cake.... What’s special today? Today is my birthday........... New Year Wish you a happy new year (Signature) Fill in the cards to convey your greetings: Christmas/Deepavali /Ramzan ............................ thank you........ New Year is one such occasion... 48 ............................ II........... Writing Read the following dialogue.... We have many more such special occasions.. He inscribed the Buddha’s teachings on rocks because a) he was a Buddhist monk......... (eg)... we greet our friends and relatives............................................. Very many happy returns of the day...... b) he built hospitals and sanctuaries.. On special occasions............2........ .....

................................... ................................... .................... ................................................................................................................................ Think of any other such occasion and write the greetings........................... ............................................................................................................................................................... ................. ................... ...................................................................... 49 .............................

7. There was a magic show at the school yesterday. 2.9. Vocabulary Read the following sentences taken from the text. a.10. 2. 2. (Note: Each syllable should have a vowel sound) Eg: disyllabic trisyllabic attack property at tack property Asoka was the third emperor 3 of the Mauryan dynasty3 and one of the greatest2 rulers2 of ancient2 India2. The disyllabic and trisyllabic words are underlined.SECTION . Read the following and pick out the disyllabic and trisyllabic words and tabulate them as shown. It was comical and amusing. 7. Disyllabic Words Trisyllabic Words 50 .11. 2. It began at five o’ clock and ended at six. 8.C OTHER ACTIVITIES ON SPECIFIC COMPETENCIES (1.1.12.2) I.

fulfell. missionary. The first sentence is given for you. (after 10 minutes) He/She opens up a class discussion. Shankar. Refer to a dictionary and tick the right spelling of the words. 2. fullfil. missionery. Sir. Note: The teacher gives the pupils an assignment asking them to write a short note on Kalinga War. Teacher : II. come to the black board. Look at what you have written and write it on the blackboard. prevalent. fulfill. misseniry c. The following words have been spelt differently. Now. sancteary 4. missionory. Teacher Pupils Teacher : : : Have you all done the assignment I gave you a few minutes ago? Yes. sit in pairs and refer to the dictionary. sanctuary. Find out the correct spelling of the words and copy them in your note book.b. privelant. sancteury. prevalente 3. sanctuari. fulfil. Grammar a Tense: Present Simple Simple present tense is usually used to refer to habitual actions. 51 . ( Shankar writes it on the blackboard ) ( Turning to the class ) It seems Shankar is not sure about the spelling of a few words. Write a paragraph of all that usually happens and all things you do in your school (Use the words given). prevelant. l.

. 52 Unchangeable facts 1..... The Lion roars...................... 6... Ice melts when heated 2.................. b Look at the following sentences..... ........ 5....Reach (8........... 4.... 5.................. 4. 3..................... The cats mew 2..... Metals expand when heated..............20) / clean / ring (8:30) / move in a line / start (8:40) / learn / have lunch / afternoon sessions (12:10) / begin / play / close (3:30) / reach (4:30) I reach school at 8: 20 …………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………… ......... Some of them refer to the cries of animals....... Discuss in groups of five and tabulate them as given in the example... Others refer to unchangeable truths and facts Dogs bark The sun rises in the east Elephants trumpet Foxes howl Water boils at 100°C The earth moves round the sun The cat mews................ 3........ ... Ice melts when heated........................ 6............ Noise of animals 1.....

Read the following dialogue Praveena Gayathri Praveena Gayathri Praveena Gayathri : : : : : : Where did you go yesterday? I went to the zoo yesterday. They returned from the ride With the lady inside And a smile on the face of the tiger. Vijay! I visited your house yesterday. Who went for a ride on a tiger. Why was there a smile on the face of the tiger? (ii) Read the conversation between two friends Vijay and Karthik. Vijay : Hello.c Tense: Past Past simple tense is usually used to refer to past actions. 1. Where did the lady live? 2. Where was the lady when the tiger and the lady returned from the ride? 4. Who rode on a tiger? 3. What did you see there? I saw a number of wild animals in their cages Which animal looked ferocious? The Tiger was ferocious to look at. (i) Read the following humorous verse and answer the questions: The lady of Niger There was a young lady of Niger. You weren’t there. Where did you go? 53 .

54 . Our school played well and scored the first goal before half time immediately after. I left home very early.Read the letter and write a reply to Kandan giving the information required by him.Use the table given below. Brindavan School scored the equalizer.Tabulate them below: Verbs in past tense Adverbials (iii) Tense:Future time reference using ‘will’ Here is a letter from Kandan to Arjun. our school won the match Pick out the verbs in past tense and the adverbials. : How was the match? Was it interesting yesterday? : The match started exactly at 5 pm.Karthik Vijay Karthik Vijay Karthik Vijay Karthik : I went to see the football match between our school and Brindavan school.Our school scored the winning goal in the last minute and won the match. : By the way who won the match last year? : Even last year. : Oh! When did you reach home? : I reached home very late.

I am fine. 55 .2002 My dear Arjun. 08. How are you? I am writing this letter to ask you about our plan for a picnic from 15 December to 26th December. Your loving friend. (Kandan) Sl. Date 1 2 3 4 5 6 15lh Dec Town Places that will be visited Arrival Tanjore Thanjai Periakoil. Chidambaram Annamalai University th 20 Dec Departure to Chennai — 21st Dec Arrivalat Chennai — 7 III. Dec Pondicherry Auroville th 19 Dec Arrival at Natarajar Temple.. Sarfoji Library th 16 Dec Arrival at Kumbakonam temple Kumbeswarar 17 th Arrival at Saneeswarar Temple Dec Thirunallar 18th Arrival at Aurobindo’s Ashram.Salem. Refer to the dictionary and rewrite all these words with correct spelling and meaning.12. No. Please inform me the places we would visit and how long we would stay in each of the places. Study skills: Read the following paragraph : Some words are incomplete in spelling.

Once a king was there in his p_ l _ ce. A gate k _ _ per was wa_king up and down in front of the g_ _t. A f_ _ mer came there with a bask _ t of fr _ _ ts on his h_ _d. He w_ nt _ d to talk to the ki _ _. IV. Occupational Skills Read the following railway timetable and answer the questions given below: Train Name Chennai Chennai Mysore Bangalore Shatabdi Brindavan Express 2007 1A CC Except Tuesday Express 2639 CC 2S11 Daily Guwahati Bangalore Express 5626 2A 3A 3SL II Tuesday, Sunday 11:40 12:05

Train Number Class of accommodation Days of operation from originating station and time Chennai KM a Central O d Arakaonam JN Katpadi JN

06:00

07:15

a 69 d a d Jolarpaettai JN 214 a d Bangalore 361 a Cantonment d Bangalore 361 a 10:50 City d 11:00
56

08:57 09:00 10:25 10:30 12:58 13:00 13:20

14:10 14:15 15:45 15:50 19:15 19:20 19:50

1. When does the train Chennai - Brindavan Express leave Chennai Central? 2. When does it arrive at Katpadi? 3. When does it leave Katpadi? 4. When does the train Guwahati- Bangalore Express arrive at Central? 5. How many trains start from Chennai and terminate at Bangalore? 6. How long does Chennai Mysore Shatabdi Express take to reach Bangalore from Chennai? 7. Which is the fastest train between Chennai and Bangalore?

57

SECTION - D
ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES
(4.4, 4.5, 1.6, 2.9) I. Listening The teacher dictates the following dialogue. The students write down in their note book. Customer Waiter Customer Waiter Customer Waiter : : : : : : Waiter, there are some coins in my soup Well, you said you wanted some change in your meal. I have got a piece of meat. All right. I will cut it into two for you. There is a fly in my soup. Don’t worry sir. He won’t drink much.

II. Speaking For asking information politely, we use modals like can and could. Your school has decided to send you for a competition on Subramaniya Bharathiyar. You go to the library and talk to the Librarian. Student Librarian Student Librarian Student Librarian Student : Can you tell me if our library has a book on Bharathiyar’s Poems? : Yes, we have. : Could I borrow it for a few days? : Yes, of course. But someone has borrowed it. : Can I borrow it on Friday? : Yes. : Can I xerox. a few pages from the book? Could you permit me?
58

Robust. Asking someone the way to the Railway Station.School’. 1. A patient asking a doctor about by-pass surgery ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ III. 59 . Mr..Librarian Student Librarian : By all means. I will.. : Could you suggest some more books for refereence? : Yes. Now I request some of my internal organs who keep me healthy and cheerful to talk to you about their functions. Vocabulary (A boy in the class plays the role of Robust. Frame similar questions for the following situations. A son asking his father about computers ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ 3. who is adjudged ‘Mr.) Robust : Anand : Robust : My name is Robust. you look robust and healthy. ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ 2. Recall the sentences in the dialogue above using can/ could. What is the secret? I’m Robust because my internal organs function well. He comes to the front of the class and says.

2. memory and feelings. kidneys an organ attached to the liver. 3. thoughts. My function is to pump blood to all parts of the body. can you tell me now how the other internal organs function to keep you fit? Match the following 1. teeth an organ that cleans the blood. My function is to breathe. gall bladder an organ that removes waste from the blood and produces urine. Friends. 60 . 4. I connect all parts of the body to the brain. liver a long tube between the stomach and the anus. I control the quality of the blood. intestines used for biting and chewing food. 5.brain spinal cord lungs heart spleen Robust: - I control movement.

Grammar The teacher gives the class the name of an animal and asks them what they know about its habits. Example: Rabbit It lives in a hole. Sit in groups of six. It runs very fast. It eats plants and vegetables. 61 .IV. Discuss and write down as many habits of the animal as possible. Choose the name of an animal.

One flew up to touch the sun .POP! One looked close in a crocodile’s mouth . Eight balloons with strings a flyin’.POP! One stayed to play with a careless child POP! One tried to taste some bacon fryin’ . Free to do what they wanted to.SECTION . 62 .POP! One took a nap in a cactus pile .POP! One thought highways might be fun . Free to float and free to fly And free to pop where they wanted to.POP! One sat around till his air ran out .POP! One fell in love with a porcupine .WHOOSH! Eight balloons no one was buyin’ They broke loose and away they flew.E EIGHT BALLOONS Eight balloons no one was buyin’ All broke loose one afternoon.

Glossary: strings pop highways nap cactus

-

/striNz / /pQp / /|haiweiz/ /n{p /

- /k{kt@s/

pile - /pail / bacon - /|beik@n/ porcupine - /|spO:kjupain/

thread for tying things short, sharp bursting sound main roads short rest; in this poem, it means ‘caught’. a desert plant with thorny stems. one on top of the other meat of a pig a small animal covered with thorns

Answer each of the following questions in a sentence or two: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. How did the balloons become free? How many balloons got burst? Why did one balloon go on the highways? What were the thorny surfaces? How many balloons fell on thorny surfaces. How many balloons burst due to heat?

Do you like to fly kites? Well, here is a poem on kite-flying. Enjoy reading the poem. WHAT SHALL YOU BUY? What shall you buy? A kite that will fly Up to the moon, All through the sky!
63

But if, when it gets there, It should stay in the air, Or the man in the moon Should open the door, And take it in with his long, long paw We should sing to another tune, oh!

64

UNIT - IV
COMPETENCIES:
1.3 1.4 1.5 Using unfamiliar words in speech/writing. Locate words and meanings in the dictionary. Identifying words related to the home and immediate surroundings. 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 Identifying the elements in a sentence. Differentiating transitive and intransitive verbs, Defining the elements of a sentence. Generating more sentences in each pattern (SV/SVC/SVO) 3.2 4.3 5.4 6.2 Listening to the teacher’s instructions and carrying them out. Answering common questions in the classroom/from real life. Scanning a text for specific information. Writing a parallel paragraph.

7.2 Abstracting the given information. 9.1 Preparing for a lesson in advance

65

Madam. The teacher will read the following dialogue. Close your books and note books. (A boy comes late). clean the board. Listen carefully. How are you? Let me introduce Dr. KEEP CLEAN Teacher Children Teacher : : : Teacher : Headmaster: Teacher : Children.2. (The Headmaster enters the class with a tail man) Here he is. Just sit down and be quiet. Sorry.Good morning. Good morning doctor.A LISTENING / SPEAKING / DISCUSSION (3.SECTION . He has come to talk to you on personal cleanliness.3) I. Don’t come late. Do I hear some noise from the corner? Don’t make so much of noise. Haven’t you cleaned the board yet? Rani. Listen to him carefully.Sathya Seelan to you. Try to be on time. 66 .4.

before you go to bed. put up your hands. jogging and swimming are some of the exercises.. At night? Yes. Thank you doctor for your advice. But that’s not enough.twelve hands are up. Take to some games and play regularly. Now practise the dialogue in groups taking roles. One. at night. Wash them after you’ve been to the toilet. My mother cuts his nails every week. babies do that. Cycling.Doctor : Priya Doctor Sharon Doctor Sharon Nithya Doctor Nithya Doctor Preethi Swarna Doctor : : : : : : : : : : : : Those who know me.. Wash them before you eat. Do you keep your hands clean? I always wash my hands after playing. 67 . Yes.. Answer them orally. /|klinik/ /|d3:ti/ /tOilit/ hospital not clean lavatory Glossary: clinic dirty toilet II. What exercise do you suggest to keep fit? : Exercise? Good. 2. 1. a. Oh! That is nice. 3. Then the teacher will ask you the following questions. Brush your teeth every night also.two. My little brother puts his fingers into his mouth.. What is the dialogue about? What does the doctor want us to keep clean? Who introduces the doctor? Mention two other exercises which will keep you fit. 4. I brush my teeth every morning.

Group work Answer the following. 1. Pupil-1 Pupil-2 Pupil-3 Pupil-4 68 . 6.. Sports Games/ person Sports Representation (Country/State) I admire her/ him because. 4. What games do they represent? When did they represent the state or the country? How did you come to know of him/her? Do you admire him/her? Why? Sit down in groups of five. III. 5.. Why does the doctor want us to brush our teeth before going to bed? What would happen if we don’t follow the doctor’s advice? Write down at least two other habits which keep you neat and tidy. 2.5. tabulate your answers and compare them. Name four sports persons from Tamil Nadu. 3. b..

He was drawn towards Marina. Some have greatness thrust upon them. Soon he started participating in various long distance swimming competitions across the world.2. The first event he participated was known as the “Rippon Meet”. One is Sachin Tendulkar. He is hailed as the boy wonder of Mumbai. He started practising in the sea.2) THE YOUNG ACHIEVER Some are born great.B READING AND WRITING (5. He won his first medal and moved to higher levels of competition. He made his debut for India in test cricket when he was sixteen. 3. 69 . Kutraleeswaran took to swimming when he was in Standard II.SECTION . He was born in the year 1981. the child prodigy from Chennai who created waves as a swimmer. 6. He used to swim for hours together. We can at least think of two youngsters who have achieved greatness.4. The other is Kutraleeswaran. Some achieve greatness.

/p@|fOm@ns/ core ./kO:/ 70 . practice and perseverance. That was his first cross country swimming. Turkey and Italy. they were impressed by his performance. He instantly became popular. provided he represented their country. He was invited by many countries. They offered Kutraleeswaran all training facilities. That was a record of sorts. Here is an interesting incident. When Kutraleeswaran went to Italy in 1994. Australia. namely. Glossary: debut hailed prodigy /|deibju:/ /heild/ /|prQd@dZi/ /|pin@kl/ /|ginis/ /|inst@ntli/ /p3:si|vi@r@ns/ the first appearance in sports praised and called person with a remarkable ability the highest point book of world records immediately continuous effort for an achievement notable action totally pinnacle Guinness instantly perseverance - performance . He reached the pinnacle when he swam six water ways in the same calendar year. He declined the offer politely because he was an Indian to the core. He owes his success to two things. He swam the Palk Straits at a very young age in record time. That was how his name and picture got into the Guinness Book of World records.Kutraleeswaran swam across the English Channel. He visited England.

4. State whether the following statements are True or False. 1. Comprehension a Answer the following questions in one or two sentences each. _________________________________ England is the only foreign country. _________________________________ 71 2. _________________________________ Kutraleeswaran became popular in 1994. What happened when Kutraleeswaran became popular? 5.I. 1. If false. b. _________________________________ Kutraleeswaran was good only at long distance swimming. Kutraleeswaran has visited. Kutraleeswaran was born great. Why was Kutraleeswaran called a child prodigy? Consult your friends. How did Kutraleeswaran become great? 2. 5. rewrite them correctly. Collect atleast two more pieces of information about Kutraleeswaran and write them down. _________________________________ Kutraleeswaran is a child prodigy. What are the things needed for success in sports and games? 3. What for did Kutraleeswaran’s name find a place in the Guinness Book of Records? 4. . 3.

Harikrishna . He practised swimming in the sea.had practice . He swam across the Palk Strait. His name was included in the Guinness Book of Records. He was interested in swimming.swimming in the sea .many hours .first non white player to complete the world final.interested in swimming .. WRITING Look at the following hints and the paragraph below.swims across .1987 practises a lot . He visited Italy in 1994. Read the following hints and write similar paragraphs. It is on the early achievements of Kutraleeswaran.Italy name included in Guinness Book of Records. He went to the Marina. Paragraph: Kutraleeswaran was a young boy.Chess Player -age 18 – first Grandmaster of India -the World Junior title .1994 . Hints: Kutraleeswaran . He swam for many hours.. Viswanathan Anand . 72 .Chess Player -age 15 – youngest grandmaster of India 2.II.goes to Marina . Hints: 1.young boy .Palk Strait .

dress. clinic. sand e. Circle the odd word in each of the following sets. cycle h. plant. television.1) I.) S V C He bagged gold medals. fan. grinder. (He was twelve. umbrella d. book.C ACTIVITIES BASED ON SPECIFIC COMPETENCIES (1. 3. (Kutraleeswaran S swam in the sea. bed.) V A He was twelve. Grammar: Look at the following sentences taken from the Section B.SECTION .5. car.8. 2. soap. bus. lamp. stove. (He bagged gold medals) S V O 73 2. road. sunlight. tap i. 2. a. gate.2. hall g. 9. radio j. temple. market. table. 1. shelf. 7. Kutraleeswaran swam in the sea.5. Vocabulary. refrigerator. shop. leaf. tree b.7. street. bud. . sofa c. flower. bath f. verandah. ground. 2. light II. lorry. window.6. 2.

(eg. In “She is reading a letter. (eg. 74 .The naming words/word which represents the person / thing that performs the action is called Subject. it is said to be a transitive verb (vi) . are. it is a Complement or an Object as the case may be.3 gold medals) NOTE: In “She is a girl. were) and the verbs to seem. to appear. to become’ always take a complement. Sent.” ‘is’ is a verb. In English. was. Sent.when. 1 Kutraleeswaran) The action words/word is called Verb. Is’ is the auxiliary. Sent.2 .direct or indirect.l .” ‘is’ is a part of the verbal phrase ‘is reading’ and the verb is ‘read’. Sent. (Some verbs can be either transitive or intransitive eg. why and how. the ‘be’ verbs (am.in the sea) If the verb phrase requires another word/words to complete the meaning. it is called the intransitive verb(vi) and the words following them usually answer the questions . smoke) The words following it may be an Object .twelve) If the action verb is other than those mentioned above and requires a word to complete the meaning. is. fly. where. These words are referred to as Adjuncts.l swam) The action word may complete the meaning of the sentence or may need more words to complete the meaning. (eg. Sent. If the verb phrase ends the meaning of the sentence. (eg. (eg.

My mother gave me food. Inform vi vi her parents about it. I went to bed. I could not study. Help her to do it. I will. Tick (2 ) them if they are right and correct them if they are wrong. b. Miss Sumathi has won the vt gold medal.a. Your friend wants to identify the underlined elements of the sentences in the following paragraph. vt : Thank you. : Yes. Madam. The verbs in them have been marked transitive (vt) or intransitive (vi). Look at the following dialogue. Let me go to my class. vi Teacher Headmistress Teacher 75 . My father was angry. I went home late. Please come in vi and sit down. Thank you. : Good. I felt sleepy. (HM’s room) Headmistress : Good morning. Give her a scholarship.

helpful. a part of India. beautiful.c. 2. There were Aryan settlements all over North India. 76 . She has the following action words on what your mother does every day. She has also been asked to write about what she does every day. III. 1. Afghanistan was known as Gandhara. 3. She has the following words about your mother. washes. Study Skills a. in the plains of the Indus and the Ganges. there were big settlements of the Aryans.Look at the following extract. Help her to write a sentence using each of them. sweeps. kind. Help her to write four more sentences using them. and for a long time afterwards. Afghanistan was a part of India.” The basic information in this extract includes the following three things. teaches. “You know that what is Afghanistan today was then. affectionate. d. All over the north. Your younger sister has been asked to write a paragraph describing your mother. cooks. The north-west of India was called Gandhara.

or most of it........... 77 .. Find out the following... Their capitals. Look at your history book..Write down the names of any four kings of ancient India.. the presentt Afghanistan”.. 1... NOTE : In abstracting information... Rewrite the abstrat of it. 4. This will enable youto realize what an advanced position South India occupied in the ancient world. For example.. the details not relevant to the basic idea may be omitted. manned byDravidians. Read the following extract. “There were Aryan settlements all over ancient North India including Gandhara.) 2. 3.The abstract of this basic information could be rewritten in the following way. b.. was carried in Indian ships.. The period of their rule (From ... Their major wars. Keep it ready for the next lesson. to .. So such details are left out. All this trade. Their work for the people of India. A considerable trade flourished between South India and Europe. the mention of the plains of the Indus and Ganges is not relevant to the basic idea. Large numbers of Roman coins have been discovered in the South.

. One who flies an aircraft is a.6. 6.5. Listening: The teacher will read the following instructions. Draw a vertical line upwards from B. 2. Draw a line. One who steers a ship is a ____________________ . One who cures the people of their illness is a________. 2. 8. 2. Mark E at the end. One who assists the patients in the hospital is a ________. 5. 2. Then write them down in the order in which they would appear in the dictionary.D ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES (1. 1. A person who teaches is a teacher. 3. 4. One who stitches a cloth is a __________________ . Use the cues to fill in the blanks and make the words. 7. Similarly a person who drives a vehicle is a driver. II. Follow them and draw accordingly in your note books.4. Mark A at the left end. 1. Mark it ‘C’ Extend BC and mark it D.2) I. 78 1. 6. 3. Mark B at the right end.SECTION . Join AC and extend it.2. 7. VOCABULARY: a. 5. But there are many people whose job cannot be formed by adding ‘er’.5. 4.

A). _____________ 9. _____________ 6. If your classmate’s answer is correct. 1.military fighting on land 2.O. 5. 3. V. 2. eg. They do their homework regularly. Look at the answer. Your teacher has given the following paragraph to identify the elements (S. correct it. I am a teacher. _____________ III. _____________ 5. Look at the word “beautiful”. army . _____________ 7. I teach English and SV A SV C VS O Maths. _____________ 10. _____________ 3. tick (2) it If it is wrong. _____________ 8. GRAMMAR: a. _____________ 4. Your classmates have answered it. I live in Ambattur. OV S S C V A 79 . ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ b.eg. Write the words in the alphabetical order along with the meaning. Write a word beginning with each letter in it Refer to the dictionary for their meaning.C. 1. 4. I like my students.

IV. he is handsome. You can describe a person using ‘be’ verbs.spends seven days in space . Write a short paragraph about him using the words given below. Caw. It flies high. 80 . He is tall. WRITING Have you heard of Rakesh Sharma? He was the first Indian to go into space.”. short/tall. Read the following paragraph. transitive verbs (vt) intransitive verbs (vi) c. affectionate. He is also fat.becomes popular in India. The crow is a beautiful bird.goes into space in 1984 .pilot in Indian Air Force . Yet. It is black. fat/slim.. It also likes meat. rich/poor. It cries “Caw. Raja is a doctor. busy.b. eg. You may use some of the following words.... born in Patiala . Write a paragraph describing your father. It eats grains and nuts. Identify the transitive (vt) and intransitive (vi) verbs in them and list them in the table...

Soon now he’ll ring my bell. Perhaps there’ll be a letter stamped In Asia.SECTION – E The Postman The whistling postman swings along His bag is deep and wide. The postman’s walking up our street. And messages from all the world Are bundled up inside.Anon Glossary: swings message stamped anon /|swiNz/ /|mesidZ/ /st{mpt/ /@|nQn/ moves forward and backward information having an official mark not known 81 . Who can tell? .

Match the following and rewrite them. What are bundled up inside the bag? 3. Why is his bag deep and wide? 4. Answer each of the following questions in a sentence or two: 1. Why is the postman called a whistling postman? 2. 1. What does the poet expect from the postman? II.I. whistling deep and wide 3. stamped letter 82 . What will the postman do at the doorstep? 5. bag postman Example: 1. The first answer is done for you. stamped bundled up 2. messages letter 4.

Using negatives in dialogues.19 2.7 5. Be able to refer to a dictionary for meaning and spelling. Using polite expressions in daily life.11 1.21 3.and im-.5 4. Developing hints.18 2. 83 .17 2.12 2. Using simple negative statements.5 7. Listening to advertisements on Radio/T. Understanding the elements of sentence structure.dis. Seeking permission.20 2.UNIT-V COMPETENCIES: 1.V. Describing jobs.5 6.1 8. Using shortened forms of negatives. Requesting politely.3 To give the difference between spelling and pronunciation of the letter ‘a’ To form words using different prefixes from the base words un-.

: Thank you sir. 84 .in my father’s account. May I seek your help in filling this? I’m sorry.A LISTENING / SPEAKING / DISCUSSION (2.500/. John Clerk John Clerk John Clerk John : : : : : : Sir. THE VALUE OF HUMAN LOVE (John’s father sends him to the bank to deposit Rs.SECTION . He goes to the bank and seeks the help of the clerk). Please use the blue one. I want to deposit Rs. that’s for withdrawal.21. Listen carefully.7) The teacher will read the following dialogue. I’m a little busy.17-2. Can you wait for some time? I shall ask the attendant to help you. Fill in the challan and give it at the counter. 4.500/-. Can I make use of this yellow slip? No.

. Then John gives the challan and the money to the cashier. I’ll take the note... Cashier : I see your point. Complete the sentence... 1.... John : Sir...) Cashier : This ten rupee note is very soiled. I don’t have any other note.... Where does John go? Why? 2..... dirty the way that somebody looks. Glossary: deposit soiled appearance - /di|pQsit/ /sQild/ /@p|i@r@ns/ a sum of money paid into a bank account. Does the clerk help him? 4. Then the teacher will ask you the following questions.. Anyway the value is the same.......... Now practise the dialogue in groups taking roles. It is not like human love which changes with appearance. 85 ..... What is the colour of the challan used to deposit money? 3. II. colour challan is used for withdrawal of money.. I........... The . Answer them orally......... I can’t accept it. .. Do you agree that human love changes with appearance? 5...(The attendant helps John.

Have you seen a snake? (If yes. Is the snake our friend or foe? Why? 9. continue answering the other questions. Are you afraid of snakes? Why? 6. 7. What was its colour? 3. How long was it? 4. Where was it seen? 5. Name the types of snakes you have seen. 2. If no. Answer the following questions: 1. Sit in groups and tabulate your answers as shown below and compare them. Details Name of the Snake Colour of the Snake Length Habitat Quality Student-I Student-2 Student-3 Student-4 86 . Where does a snake live? 8.III. Discussion: a. Give some interesting qualities of the snake. 10. How did it move? 6. find out from others).

it would ‘remember’ him. it is a mixed bag for the fortunes of the reptiles. As the myth goes.5) SNAKES Though India is a nation with a long history of coexistence with snakes. Laughing at 87 . Some villagers might fear an ill omen and harm the reptiles. He stopped his vehicle and wanted to know why the villagers were killing the reptile thus. feared and as the proverb goes their very sight could make an army panic. They are worshipped. its mate would get the same image and kill him. One of them came forward and told him that he was the last person that the snake set its eyes upon. Mr. he had burnt it. the villager replied. Whitaker saw a snake being burnt by a group of people. and if it died later. To eliminate it immediately.SECTION B READING AND WRITING (5. While passing through a village in Maharashtra.

without realizing the fact that they eat away many insects. many of the Irula tribals killed lakhs of snakes. During the early 1970s. when they were educated and told about their importance in the food chain. Mr.Spectacled. which vary from person to person. Black and Andaman Cobra. even some misinformed farmers look at the snakes as their enemies and kill them. Geckos. while the intelligent ones realize their role in pest control. no cobra is identical to another.the explanation. But. Sadly. snakes are not the stuff of lore and mysticism. which are harmful to humans. as there was a good demand for their skin. one can see a large number of snakes. Whitaker pointed out that several such myths surround these reptiles. which was used for making wallets and belts. There. the killing was brought down to a great extent. Sighting a snake in a jungle could be difficult. Just as with the prints in the palm of human beings. Many in a fit of rage or due to aversion kill these reptiles. A slithering snake attracts everyone’s attention and tempts some playful youth to pick them up. A recent study revealed that four types of cobras are found in the country . which are not at all true. frogs and toads have a vital role to play in the ecosystem. and fear has given way to respect for their ecological importance. Today. garden lizards. 88 . Monacled. you could find hundreds of them. Their place in nature is understood by many. but if you visited paddy fields in the rural areas. Rats are found in large numbers in and around paddy fields and the snakes are attracted towards them.

Whitaker see when he passed through the village? 3. Write the proverb about snakes? 2./stVf @v lO:/ . What does the myth say about the mate of a snake? 89 ./il @um@n/ ./|reptailz/ . -/misin|fO:md/ -/|gek@uz/ live together chance or luck creeping creatures great fear a bad sign attacked stories of olden times partner subject matter for stories belief in God through prayer connection between the plants and the animals and surroundings moving smoothly close to the ground anger strong dislike control of insects or animals that destroy plants. Answer each of the following questions in one or more sentences: 1.Glossary: co-existence fortunes reptiles panic ill omen set its eyes myth mate stuff of lore mysticism ecological ./|mistisizm/ -/i:k@|lQdZikl/ slithering fit of rage aversion pest control -/|sliD@riN/ ./|fit @v reidZ/ -/@v|3:Sn/ -/pest k@n|tr@ul/ misinformed Geckos I./set its Qiz/ . food etc. wrongly informed a kind of lizard COMPREHENSION: a. What did Mr./miT/ -/meit/ ./k@uig|zist@ns/ ./f|O:tSu:nz/ ./p|{nik/ .

The ecological importance of snakes makes us respect them. 5. 4. Choose the best answer and write it in the space provided: A _____________ snake attracts everyone’s attention a) hidden b)moving c) climbing d) flying Rats are found in large numbers in _____________ a) paddy fields b) jungles c) play fields d) mountains The snakes were killed for their _______________ a) poison b) bone c) skin d) flesh Mr. Some of the myths about snakes are true.4. 6. 7. Which animals play a vital role in the ecosystem? Why do the misinformed farmers kill the snakes? What is the vital role played by the snakes in pest control? Why did the Irula tribals kill the snakes? b. 5. Rats attract snakes. a) worshipped b) killed c) fed d) burnt 90 . c. Name the types of Cobras found in the country. Give word or words from the text in support of your choice. 1. 8.Whitaker saw a snake being _____________ by villagers. Cobras are identical to one another. You can see a large number of snakes in a jungle. 3. 2. Say whether the following sentences are true or false.

marine reptiles . They are the most poisonous creatures in the big blue ocean. They do not attack divers. They have short fangs.they live . Sea snakes . Suggest a suitable title. b) Develop the following hints into a story.felt sad . THE SEA SNAKES The sea snakes are marine reptiles. They live among the coral reefs.coral reefs. Forest . Suggest a suitable title.bent and crooked tree .wood cutter . WRITING a) Developing Hints Develop the following hints into a paragraph.II.crooked tree saved – felt happy.not attack divers – have short fangs .most poisonous creatures . The following exercise is done for you.tall and straight .cut tall trees .big blue ocean .other trees . 91 .

17. table. large. VOCABULARY a. Bag harm saw nation b. mate.SECTION .4. all. farmers. 2.C OTHER ACTIVITIES ON SPECIFIC COMPETENCIES (1.12. father. 8. fact. How many sounds of ‘a’ are there? Read the following words taken from the lesson and arrange them in the order of the sound of ‘a’ as given below: snakes. black. panic. paddy. The opposites of some of the words can be formed by adding un. army. passing.21. ball. 2. place. last. 2. rats.1. im and dis at the beginning of the word. 7. palm. Read the examples given below: cover uncover educated uneducated moral immoral movable immovable order disorder obedient disobedient 92 . nature.3) I. man. Read the following words loudly.

Tick the correct ones and correct the wrong ones. im and dis. II. ‘’Sister. When you make a negative sentence the subject is followed by do not. she uses them sometimes correctly and sometimes wrongly. Do you believe I got a certificate? It is disbelievable! All of us were given certificates of excellence for participation”. the use of un. It is highly particular to each word. Example satisfied unsatisfied x dissatisfied 2 educated uneducated 2 diseducated x obedient disobedient 2 unobedient x c. GRAMMAR a. 1 was unmobile and speechless. you know what happened in the school today? I completely forgot that I had given my name for the English speech competition. doesn ‘t or didn t. Your younger sister took part in a speech competition held in her school. As soon as I stood on the stage. Its short forms are don ‘t. 93 . As she does not know the proper use of un. Though it was dispossible for me. The following table gives the forms of don’t.NOTE: In English. So I was disprepared. doesn’t. But I was unhappy and felt diseasy that my teachers will unlike me for my ‘on the spot’ speech. She narrates her experience to you. I made an attempt. does not or did not. didn’t for various subjects. im and dis is not according to a specific rule.

polite requests and suggestions are wrong. Example: Suggestion: You may try again. what do you want? Do you accept students’ concession?. some of the negatives. He. only if it is authorised by the Head of the institution. the usual expression in formal context is May I / Could I / Could you. c. 94 . Request : May I seek your help? Read the dialogue in Section A again and locate how these forms / expressions are used. Tick the right use and correct the wrong ones. The following is a conversation between you and the Railway ticket reservation clerk over the telephone. When suggesting or requesting. They may / might / could. Student Clerk Student Clerk : : : : Is it the Reservation Section? Yes. Here. You. She.Subject I We (Prabhu. Yes. Vidya and I) You (singular and plural) He (Shabin) She (Shoba) It (The Cow) They don’t don’t Negative forms Present didn’t didn’t Past don’t didn’t doesn’t don’t didn’t didn’t b.

I am a carpenter. Thank you. IV. image. I give shape and life to wooden articles. I cut the wood with a saw. eliminate. III. You should try again No chance. 95 . I make beautiful designs out of it. do you please reserve a ticket for me by Howrah mail for 5 th January? No. STUDY SKILLS Look up the following words in your dictionary and write the meaning.Student Clerk Student Clerk Student Clerk Student : : : : : : : Sir. The tickets are full till 10th. identical. You might approach the enquiry counter. I keep the garden neat and clean. I water the plants every day in the morning. An example is given in the table. Why don’t you suggest some other train to Howrah? I am busy. I pick one or two flowers for pooja. I don’t know that. Classify the sentences said by the gardener and the carpenter in the table. Oh. vital. OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS Describing jobs: The following paragraph is about the job of two persons – a gardener and a carpenter. it does not available. I shall find out from the enquiry. I am a gardener. revealed. I make furniture and other wooden articles. The plants are like children to me.

4.GARDENER 1. I cut the wood with a saw. 3. 3. I water the plants everyday in the morning 2. CARPENTER 1. 5. 96 . 2. 4. 5.

This is why you will see a shrine at the source of all major rivers in India. 4.17-2. 2. Worship of water has been at the heart of most Indian cultures. Listening a.21. What does KMP deal with? Where is the company located? Complete the following sentence: The source of all major rivers in India has a__________.3. 1.5. Questions will be asked at the end. Water nourishes forests And forests help us harvest water.SECTION . The teacher will read the following advertisement. We are foremost in PUMPS and PIPES manufacture KMP puts your needs first. WATER Water is the source of life. We at KMP respect water.5. Answer the following questions.6. 5.8.D ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES (2. 97 . Listen carefully.3) I.PUNE ROAD PUNE-411 018. What is this advertisement about? Give an aspect of Indian culture as stated in the given paragraph. 3. Shouldn’t you put KMP first? KMP PUMPS LIMITED MUMBAI .

all like them Once sold. Attractive. to Singapore and Thailand Mahatma Gandhi Road. take two free. letter ‘a’ has the sound as in attractive. Alluring! Goosy. Listen carefully. How many balloons and kites will you get free. Make a list of words from the advertisement and underline the letter ‘a’ which has this sound. Where are the balloons and kites from? 4. Balloons from China and Singapore Kites from Japan and Thailand Young and old. Offer Valid upto 31st December. Can you get free offer on 5th January? 6.b. Four different sounds of the letter ‘a’ are listed there. China. Boosy. Balloons and Kites Buy ten. 98 . if you buy five of them? 3. What are sold at Classic Fashions? 5. (Note the sound of letter ‘a’ that is underlined). Questions will be asked at the end. Vocabulary Look at Section C -1 a. Apart from this. The teacher will read the following advertisement. Will you get a chance to go to Singapore and Thailand? II. you’ll ne’er get hold again A lucky draw will take you Contact: Classic Fashions. What is this advertisement about? 2. Do you like balloons and kites? 7. Answer the following questions: 1.

III. I am a doctor.used the trick cleverly Merchant . read and write English.Developing Hints Develop the following hints into a story.donkey . Match the utterances in box A with those in box B and rewrite the dialogue in the proper order. Write separately the sentences said by the doctor and the teacher.next day . I teach English to my students. My students like to speak. I love teaching.heavy donkey’s trick failed. Grammar The following is a conversation between you and your teacher.bag of salt .II. 99 B the poem at your book carefully it again to you the poem loudly . listen Would you please read IV. The villagers are benefited by the hospital. I work in a hospital.teach a lesson .learnt the trick .crossing a river – donkey slipped . I check up my patients and give them medicine. Merchant . Suggest a suitable title.bundle of clothes . Writing . My hospital is located in a village. I am a teacher. A I am listening I don’t understand Now you might read Why didn’t you look Yes. Occupational Skills The following paragraph is about the job of a doctor and a teacher. I teach in a school.

But it’s silver when it’s wet.E COLORS* My skin is kind of sort of brownish Pinkish yellowish white. My eyes are greyish blueish green.Shel Silverstein *Colors – Glossary : sort blondish invented /sO:t/ /|blQndiS/ /in|ventid/ type pale golden colour found The spelling is in American English. And all the colors I am inside Have not been invented yet. 100 . .SECTION . But I’m told they look orange in the night. My hair is reddish blondish brown.

3. Tell him the words that end with this sound. 101 . Can you guess what it is? 7. the balloons going up. green. What is the colour of your skin. Does the poet know the colours inside him? 5. eyes and hair? 6. yellow. Name the parts of the body given in the poem. pinkish for the fun of the sound ’sh’. How do the eyes look during the day? 3. yellowish white true nature greyish.red. blueish green 2. Children would watch with fun and wonder. To attract the children he would release a helium-filled balloon.I. blue. Do you know your true colours? II. 1. What is the colour of the dry hair? 4. Match the following: Parts skin eyes-day time eyes-night dry hair wet hair inside Colours orange blondish brown silver brownish. 2. But he could not say all the words. pinkish. The word ‘colors’ in the 7th line has a different meaning. Your younger brother has heard you read the poem aloud. etc. There was a vendor who earned his livelihood selling balloons in the market place. He started saying brownish. Answer each of the following questions in a sentence or two: 1. He had different colours of balloons .

a boy asked the vendor hesitantly. It is what is inside that makes it go up. “Dear child. 102 . Consult your Tamil teacher / refer to books in the library. and try to appreciate the moral and message of the beautiful poem. it is not the colour of the balloon that matters.” What is the moral of this anecdote? There is a poem by Bharathiyar which talks about kittens of different colours. Would it also go up like the other balloon?” The wise vendor replied with empathy.Once. “Would you release a black balloon.

most common.13 To form words using suffixes.15 To use compound words in speech / writing. 2.23 Locating a person / thing using prepositions. (initial and final clusters). 7. 3.UNIT . 2. 2.14 Expansion of abbreviations . 103 .6 Differentiate consonant clusters properly. structures / if clause.8 5. Understanding cohesive devices and consolidation of all the reading skills. 8.4 Listing different vocations.7 Using punctuation marks. 2.25 The indefinite articles: a / an. 6. 9.3 Oral repetitions . 1.6 6..6 Describing an object / place.24 Comparing two things / persons using simple adjectival forms.1 Referring to a dictionary for meaning and spelling. 4. Using cohesive devices.. 1.22 Giving short negative answers.IV COMPETENCIES: 1.

Rahman : G. A Fair with a Difference Pupils : Good morning.D. Listen carefully. Naidu was an inventor with a difference. Teacher : What about you. Please sit down. Jagdish Chandra Bose. which stall impressed you most? Malar : The one put up by the agriculture department. G. teacher! Teacher : Good morning children. The teacher will read the following dialogue. Raman.8) I.D. 104 . Naidu Teacher : Good. Teacher : Malar. He belongs to Tamil Nadu.SECTION A LISTENING / SPEAKING / DISCUSSION (4. Teacher : Can you name a few scientists? Kamal : Sir.V. Kamal? Kamal : I liked the stall wherein there were portraits of Indian scientists. C. How did you enjoy the science fair yesterday? Pupils : (in chorus) It was wonderful.

Bill Gates.S. Swaminathan. Read the names given and arrange them as shown in the example. M. Jhansi Rani. to fix deeply in the mind arranged/erect choice picture II.b. Now practice the dialogue in groups taking roles. Abdul Kalam. Kamaraj. Which stall did Malar like most? 2. Marconi.a. Graham Bell. Answer them orally. Madam Curie. 1. Thomas Alva Edison. What was Kamal attracted to? 3. Then the teacher will ask you the following questions. Why should we visit science fair at all? I. Abraham Lincoln. Bharathiar.Glossary: fair impressed put up preference portrait -/fe@/ -/im|prest/ -/put Vp/ -/|prefr@ns/ -/|pO:trit/ an exhibition liked most. 5. Scientists Thomas Alva Edison Others Kamaraj 105 . Can you tell us about a science fair which you have visited? 4. Identify the portraits in the book: (Teacher displays a book containing the pictures of scientists).

b. Sit down in groups of six and tabulate your answers as shown below.S. Name of Scientist M. “I am studying in Std. How does science help us in our daily life? 2. Discuss and the leader will report the situation orally. 3.b. Group work a. VI. Rameshwaram is famous for two things . Look at the column of scientists in II . There is a garden in front of my house. Listen to her. Swaminathan Invention / Area of work Agriculture Nationality India IV. The distance between my house and the school is 5 kms.” Sit in groups and read the following hints.1) temple 2) birth place of Abdul Kalam. Name four famous people you know. 106 . At the back there is a vast stretch of paddy fields. The teacher will read the following passage. I live in a village.III. Discuss the following questions in groups: 1.

2. .2 kms.front – Marina Beach . I live .apartment .in a town .4 kms. 107 .railway track. My school .front .big play ground – back .back . .second floor .1.a small hill.

a hamlet in Coimbatore district in Tamil Nadu. 1893 in Kalangal. In school. He worked as a waiter in a hotel for a monthly sum of three rupees. Even as a youth he was unruly and turbulent. he was brought up by his maternal uncle. Spurred by curiosity for a more challenging life.B READING AND WRITING (5. Duraisamy Naidu popularly known as G.SECTION . 6. When he was 20. Naidu showed little promise. He was irresponsible and naughty and therefore dropped out of school.D. Naidu left his village for Coimbatore. he married Chellamal. 6. The school did not hold him long. selling ‘pain balm’ imported from the USA.7) THE INVENTOR WITH A DIFFERENCE G. Naidu was born on 23rd of March. As Naidu lost his mother when he was just ‘one’.6. a fairly decent salary at that 108 . After some time he started a business.6.

time. In Coimbatore. He believed in providing quality service to his passengers and providing his workers with the basic amenities. His interests were varied. Today Coimbatore is a leading industrial centre. He quit his job as waiter and with his savings bought an old motorcycle from a Britisher. He himself drove the vehicle. He founded United Motors. This was the first phase in his glorious career as an inventor and industrialist. He learnt about its structure. Naidu sought the job of a mechanic in a motor company owned by Sir Robert Stanes. he dismantled and reassembled its parts. Though he was greatly interested in machines. Instead. 109 . he suffered heavy losses. He was an amiable person and treated his workers with dignity. a wealthy Britisher. a Cooperative Society of bus owners which became famous. Making money was not Naidu’s sole aim in life. thanks mainly to his pioneering efforts. So. Naidu’s business flourished. the kind-hearted Sir Stanes gave him some money and encouraged him to buy a bus and run a bus service. But Naidu’s real interests lay elsewhere. now famous for manufacturing hosiery. Very soon he earned a large amount of money and as a result he extended his business to Mumbai. Naidu had to wait for some more years before he could design machines on his own. Unfortunately. As he was eager to learn the mechanism of the motor cycle. He repeated this process several times until he was thorough with its mechanism. So he started a small ginning factory in Tirupur. in Mumbai. But Naidu remained unfazed and returned to Coimbatore. Naidu started a transport company. More buses were added to Naidu’s fleet and very soon he became a leading bus-transport owner in South India. Accepting his advice. He was fascinated by machines.

testing machines and sheet-making machines. He remained the first and last authentic and down to earth scientist to bring science and technology to the common man. His life is not only an example but an inspiration to the youth of India. He was a legend in his own life time. 1974. But Naidu being the dignified person that he was./dis|m{ntld/ 110 . It attracts visitors from all over India. Glossary: imported . Without a formal education. He was a born technocrat. Naidu attained greatness because of his inborn talent. Until his death on 4th of January./im|pO:tid/ buy goods from another country to sell in your country very interested take apart a machine into separate pieces fascinated dismantled . He also designed new cost effective models of radios and clocks and conducted interesting experiments in agriculture. did not care and crave for recognition. Some of his inventions were weighing machines. he continued with his experiments./|f{sineitid/ . A permanent industrial exhibition has been set up in memory of the industrialist and visionary in Coimbatore. the world of science failed to recognize his achievements and contributions.naturally he expected total commitment and discipline among his workers. He sought to improve upon nature’s creations in the plant world. He developed pumpkin-sized chillis and coconut-sized brinjals! Unfortunately for Naidu. But he did not give up his efforts to make the fruits of his labour available to the common man. The many mechanical and electronic gadgets that he invented are proof of this fact. He had inventive brains.

mechanism flourished fleet amenities crave - /|mek@nizm/ /|fl^ri t/ /fli:t /@|mi:n@tiz/ /kreiv/ z how a machine and its parts work. was very successful a group of buses.D. What are some of G. Say whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE. Naidu do with the motorcycle he bought? Why did he do it? 3. Sir Robert Stanes gave Naidu a mechanic’s job in his motor company. Comprehension a. What advice did Sir Stanes give G. taxis. Naidu’s textile business in Mumbai was a failure. Naidu’s inventions? Are they useful? 5. 1. Do you agree with Naidu that the benefits of science and technology should reach the common man? Why? 7. Give words from the text to support your answer. 111 . Where did G. Answer each of the following questions in two or three sentences. 2. etc. Naidu spend his childhood? Was he an intelligent student in school? 2. Naidu? Did Naidu take his advice? 4.D. Was Naidu recognised for his technological contributions? What did he feel about his work? 6. basic comforts longing for I.D.D. 1. What did G. Do you think that one should have formal education to become a genius? Why? b.

As a result he extended his business to Mumbai. He earned large amount of money. Then discuss and jot down the most important events of his of her life. United Motors was the name of Naidu’s bus-transport company. Rearrange them to make a coherent paragraph. Arrange yourselves in groups. Naidu lost interest in technology in the later year of his life. Choose one famous person who the group feels.But they are not in the correct order. Naidu’s main aim in life was to become rich. 112 Kala : Sheela : Kala : . b. But Naidu remained unfazed and returned to Coimbatore. But you can’t take leave from the school. What is the matter? My father has planned to take us tos our village in Thanjavur. 5. Unfortunately. 3. say in six sentences. G. 1. Underline the words or phrases which helped you sequence the sentences correctly. II. in Mumbai. 4. Ia. II. on the famous person you have chosen. Finaly using the points you have taken down write a short biographical note. 4. he incurred heavy losses. Naidu started a small ginning factory in Tirupur. has contributed greatly to India’s progress. 6. The ginning factory was a big success.D.3. 2. Read the following dialogue You are very happy today. Writing The sentences given below form a paragraph. 5.

ooty is a hill station it is very cold there my uncle is living in the town the vegetables and fruits are fresh in ooty due to the cold climate they remain fresh for sometime 113 . Sit in groups and read the following passage. The punctuation marks are missing. Full stop and capital letter are a part of punctuation marks.Sheela : We are not going now. The new sentence starts with a capital letter. We will be going to our village during the holidays. Note that there is a full stop at the end of each sentence. Supply them.

at the end of the base word where the suffix -ful.13.SECTION C OTHER ACTIVITIES ON SPECIFIC COMPETENCIES (1. -ness and -dom is not according to a specific rule.24. 2. the use of suffix -ful. -ness. In English.15. 2. 8. or -dom is added.25. 2. Vocabulary a.23. 1. words can be formed by adding the suffix — ful. -ness.4) I. 114 . It is highly particular to each word. Example: Duty Sad Wise dutiful dutyness sadness sadful wiseness Wisdom P O P O O P Note the change of spelling too.22. and -dom to the base word. Read the examples given below: care faith dark bright king free careful faithful darkness brightness kingdom freedom Note: In English. 2.

The last batsman hit a sixer and we scored 130. I go to school at 8:00 a. But. Read the following sentences: 1. b. (Suresh is a cricket player in his school team. 4. In the beginning. My father leaves his office at 6:00 p. List out the words with the suffixes: -ful.post meridian (from twelve noon to midnight twelve) HM .C. The underlined letters are in short forms. ness and -dom. He narrates his experiences to his sister. We use these forms in daily conversation. But.) “Our school cricket team played the district level finals yesterday. The expansion of the short forms are given below: am . quickness in running and force in throwing the ball. Our rival team was powerful. We started bowling first.m? 2.m. The great Pyramid was built in 2600 B. India will be a developed country in 2015 A.ante meridian (from midnight twelve o’clock to twelve noon) pm . Our HM is a strict person. our rivals were very watchful.Headmaster / Headmistress 115 . 3.Read the passage. 5. We were so joyful. When we started to bat. it was full of boredom. Our games teacher had already selected our boys on the basis of physical fitness. our boys’ alertness could not be beaten. it was very exciting when they were all out for 125 runs. His team participated at the district level match.D. Our wicket keeper was a careful guy.

pot 5. sitter 4. room 3.BC AD Before Christ Anno Domini (since the year of the birth of Christ) Find out the full form of the abbreviations given below: 1. PM 5. They consist of two or more words 1. back seat Match the words under A with their corresponding words under B. pages 2. CM c. smith - 116 . yellow 3. DEO 3. baby 2. MLA 2. Adjective noun Example: big bag. AEO 4. VIP 6. text book 2. class 5. noun + noun Example: school girl. A B 1. tea 1. The underlined words are compound words. gold 4.

II. Grammar a Read the following dialogue. Teacher : Kalyani has kept her pen hidden somewhere in the classroom. Ask her questions and find out where it is hidden. : Do you have it in the bag? : No, I don’t : Did you keep it in the drawer? : No, I didn’t : Does Malini know where you have kept it? : No, she doesn’t : Do you have it at all? : Yes, I do : I think it is in your hand. : There you are! While giving short negative answers, the short forms of don ‘t, doesn ‘t and didn ‘t are used.

Student 1 Kalyani Student 2 Kalyani Student 3 Kalyani Student 4 Kalyani Teacher Kalyani Note :

Write the answer for the following questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. Do rabbits live in nets? Did Naidu get the Nobel Prize? Does the tiger eat grass? Did Ashoka die in the Kalinga war?

b. A preposition is a linking word. It usually comes before a noun or pronoun. Prepositions say where someone or something is located.

117

Read this conversation.The prepositions have been underline. Teacher Student Teacher Student : : : : Meena, where is the picture I gave you? It is on the table, sir. It isn’t here. Did you put it in the cupboard? It isn’t there, Sir, Oh...... it is under your table sir.

There are other prepositions too, which youcan use for showing the positions of something. They are at, near, beside, between, above, over, in front of, below, etc. Your friend is writing a description of her classroom. She is not sure what prepositions to use.Can you help her? My classroom is big. The teacher’s table is___________ black board. The teacher has put a table cloth ___________ it. There is a box of chalk ____________ the table. There are pieces of coloured chalk_________ the box. There is a waste paper basket __________ the table. There is a map of India _________ the wall. There are forty desks and chairs arranged ____________ rows. The teacher stands ____________ the class and teaches. c. Look at the lines drawn below. A ____________________ B C ____________________ D E_______________________________ F X_____________________________________ Y
118

Read the following sentences that describe the lines drawn above. The line AB is as long as the line CD The line EF is longer than the line AB. The line XY is the longest line. The words, ‘as long as’, ‘longer than’, are used to compare two things / persons and ‘longest’ is used to compare more than two or more things / persons. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of comparison given below. (as big as, bigger than, biggest) 1. The elephant is the __________ animal 2. The cow is ___________ a dog 3. The bull is ___________ a cow d. An ‘article’ is a kind of determiner. ‘a’ and ‘an’ are indefinite articles. The article ‘a’ is always used before words beginning with a consonant sound. Example: a house, a cat The article ‘an’ is always used before words beginning with a vowel sound (and not the vowel letters - a, e, i, o, u) Example: an elephant, an MLA Here is a paragraph. The use of articles in it are not always correct. Tick them if they are correct and correct them if they are wrong.
119

Match the following persons with their work. in some cases. A tailor carpenter mason farmer driver doctor 120 . Ask them to learn the spelling too.My sister is an engineer in Chennai. III. The lady assistants of the plane also helped the passengers. lorry or van stitches clothes builds houses makes furniture and fittings out of wood b. She wrote a letter to me last week. She has a Amercian friend and an European friend. She says they would like to spend at least a evening in our village. B treats sick people grows crops drives a car. The plane driver suddenly brought the plane down and the passengers were shaken. Here is a brief description of an incident written by your sister. Tick them wherever they are right and correct the wrong ones. As the names of the professions have not been mentioned correctly. In the prose lesson in this unit you came across the word ‘waiter’. The doctor came into the plane with the helper in a white dress to see the passengers. Occupational Skill a. A waiter is a person who waits on customers and attends to their needs. She stays in an hostel. Everything was okay in a few minutes.

-dom) 1.4. Vocabulary Form new words using the correct suffixes given in the brackets: (-ness. 9. 10. lust 6. king 5. 2. 2. truth 2.24. district 4. strict 3. 9. thirst 8. calm 121 6. wrist . school clean drop start process 6. Listen to the teacher saying the following words and repeat after her/him. 1.3) I. prompt II. Listen to the teacher saying the following words and repeat after her / him.SECTION D ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES (1. states fleet transport practical proof b. script 7.13. next 10. 8. 7.23. 5. 8. Listening a. post 9. jump 5. 2. 3. 7.6. -ful. star 3. 3. text 2. 4. 1.1. smart 4.

get me some green vegetables. If you play well. 122 . Make the students repeat the following sentences after you. A train isa bus _________________________ a bus 2. at) Rani is a nurse. 5. Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of comparison given below. 3. A plane is the ___________________________ vehicle c. The distance ______________ Arakonam and Chennai is quite long. If it rains. by. help the needy. She is working _____________________ the government hospital ____________ Chennai. you can become a champion. b. faster than. you will get good marks. between. 4. (as fast as. She is ___________ Arakonam.III. If you go to market. in. A motor car is ___________________________ a bus 3. She travels _____________ train. fastest) 1. The Railway Station is just _____________ the hospital. Grammar a. If you can. If you study well. take an umbrella. in front of. 2. 1. Fill in the blanks choosing the correct prepositions from the list given below: (from.

brush draw . 1.paints use . Artist Artist mix . hamlet turbulent curiosity quit achievement invention gadgets amenities career amiable V. 123 2. Ask the students to write five sentences about the activities of the following persons. Supply a dictionary to each group. Occupational Skill Divide the class into groups of 5 or 6.IV. Ask the students to refer to a dictionary and find out the meaning of the following words. Farmer Supply the following cues: Farmer plough sow water harvest An example is given for you: A farmer ploughs the field.pictures paint -beautiful . Study Skills Divide the class into 5 or 6 groups.

and one or two thrushes. There’s a cuckoo. And the cuckoo’s sovereign cry Fills all the hollow of the sky. The little birds are piping yet Among the bushes and trees.William Wordsworth Glossary: bushes thrushes gushes sovereign cry hollow /|buSiz/ plant with thick and woody stems /|TrVSiz/ singing birds | / gVSiz/ rushing flow | / sQvrin krai/ heard above all other sounds /|hQl@u/ empty space 124 . The stars are out by twos and threes.SECTION – E A NIGHT IN JUNE* The sun has long been set. And a sound of water that gushes. And a far-off wind that rushes. .

Gushes b. a. 125 . The poet describes objects in nature with the use of action words. Where are the little birds seen? 3.I. This rhyme too describes the night sky. Is the sky empty? How do you know? 4. Objects Sun Stars Birds Wind Cuckoo Action Set II. 1. When the blazing sun is gone. Look at the table below and fill in the missing words. Answer each of the following questions in a sentence or two. See if you can guess the rhyme from the lines given below. When he nothing shines upon. Write the words from the poem that rhyme with the following words: set three thrushes cry Read the following lines from a well-known Nursery rhyme. Why are there only two or three stars in the sky? 2. Describe the night in June in your place.

Then you show your little light........ Twinkle.... twinkle.... twinkle all the night........ 3rd and 4h stanzas of ‘Twinkle.... ............. For you never shut your eye Till the sun is in the sky... Though I know not what you are. ’Tis your bright and tiny spark Lights the traveler in the dark. little star!’ 126 ...... Have you guessed the rhyme? These are the 2nd. The dark blue sky you keep And often thro’ my curtain peep..

9 5. 127 .1 Writing about one’s family / school / pet.UNIT .7 6. etc.27 Identifying a phrase.3 9. Using co-hesive devices. 2. 2. 4. Appeals: asking a speaker to speak more clearly/slowly.VII COMPETENCIES: 1. 10.4 Receiving/making phone calls.17 Feminine of nouns: animals/birds and human beings.16 Young ones of animals/birds. 2.28 Identifying a clause.26 Using the correct verb agreeing with the subject.29 Using phrases and clauses in speech and writing.7 7. 1. Reading maps. Understanding cohesive devices consolidations of all the reading skills. 2.

Arul : Do you pray regularly? Kandan : I pray twice a day.9) I. students laugh at him) Kandan : What do you want? Arul : Did you attend the temple festival yesterday? Kandan : Yes. I also offered my prayers.A LISTENING / SPEAKING / DISCUSSION (4. I was there.SECTION . 128 . Arul : Hey! Kandan. Listen carefully PRAYERS BEAR FRUITS Balan Arul Balan : Why was yesterday a holiday for us? : There was a festival in the local temple : Ask our ‘pious man’ if you want to know more about it. (Kandan comes. come here. He is wearing torn shoes. The teacher will read the following dialogue.

Jamal : Kandan : Jamal : Kandan : Jamal : Kandan : Jamal : Kandan : Jamal : Kandan : Jamal : Kandan : Hello! Is it Jamal? Yes. pious 2. Bye. offered 4. Bye.Balan : Didn’t God answer your prayers? Didn’t He tell any one to help you? Kandan : God has been telling every one. It is so nice of you. Surprise ? I have been wanting to gift you a pair of shoes. Glossary: 1. Can I meet you at 5 in the evening today and give the pair of shoes? What’s the hurry? Today is my birthday. Kandan. it seems nobody is listening to Him. But. (Kandan wonders how great things are wrought by prayers than the world ever dreams of). You are most welcome. His neighbour tells him that his friend Jamal wants him to call him up immediately. wrought 129 /pai@s/ /tO:n/ /Qf@d/ /rO:t/ believe in God damagedÏ worshipped made it happen . torn 3. Very many happy returns of the day.) Telephonic conversation between Kandan and Jamal. (Kandan reaches home thinking about his poor condition. See you at 5 O’ clock. I have a surprise for you.

6. Balan was ________________ to know the reason for the holiday. 130 . but not golden gooseberries. Kandan was ______________ and ___________ . II. ooseberry! It is rich in Vitamin C. Arul was _____________. kind. Now read the dialogue silently. Listen carefully. 2. 5. pious. 3. Read the following sentences and fill in the blanks using the words given below. 4. Jamal was ____________. Vimali Meenakshi Vimali Meenakshi Meenakshi : : : : It seems you are munching something. poor. COMPREHENSION I a. 1. 7. The teacher will ask you the following questions. ou are right. Answer them orally. Do you know the story about the golden gooseberries? : I know about gold ornaments. 3.II. (naughty. 2. What was the special occasion in the town? What was Balan’s attitude about God? Is Balan a non-believer of God? How do you know? Why did Arul call Kandan? Did Kandan believe in his prayer? How do you know about that? How did Jamal want to celebrate his birthday? b. eager) 1. Teacher will read the following dialogue. 4. It is nothing but gooseberry.

Rather our faith and sincere prayer works wonders. is more interesting. : What happened next? : There was a shower of golden gooseberries on her house. He prayed sincerely. : What did she say? : It is not only the mere song that makes the miracle happen. : I see. But she didn’t have anything to offer. : The boy felt very much moved by the poor woman’s kind heart. : Then what did she do? : She searched thoroughly and at last got only one piece of dry gooseberry.Vimali Meenakshi Vimali Meenakshi Vimali Meenakshi Vimali Meenakshi Vimali Meenakshi Vimali Meenakshi Vimali Meenakshi Vimali Meenakshi Vimali Meenakshi : I’ll tell you. She gave it to him. I heard it from my mother. : What a pity! : She didn’t want to send the young boy empty-handed. When Adi Shankara was a young boy in Kaladi he went begging for his food. if I say the same prayer? : There you are! I asked my mother the same question. I’m curious to know about it. : What happened afterwards. : Please continue. Thank you for the interesting story. It shows the force and power behind prayer. : Quite interesting. : Did he? : He went to a poor woman’s house. 131 . : My God! What a miracle! Will it happen to me.

Answer the following questions. a. Write down the place of their birth. 132 . Why did the boy Shankara go to a poor woman’s house? 3. c. What quality of the woman moved Shankara? 5. What is this discussion about? 2. How long did each live? List a miracle they performed. Then the teacher will ask you the following question. 1. The law of miracle is _________ and __________. Complete the sentence. How was the woman blessed with? b.Read the dialogue silently. Was the boy given enough food? 4. Name three sages or prophets.

6. The bishop felt that the hermits’ prayer was too naive and it could not be permitted. there lived three old hermits. So. One day. Have mercy on us!” Though simple. The only prayer they said was “We are three. They were simple men who were unaware of the customs of the church.SECTION B READING AND WRITING (5.7. Thou art three. at the mouth of the Dvian river in Russia. The news of this simple prayer and the miracles it manifested spread far and wide and a bishop in a neighbouring island came to hear about the three hermits and their prayer.7) THE THREE HERMITS On an island. He met the hermits and told them that their prayer was too simple and undignified. this prayer of the hermits brought about many miracles. They needed to learn to address God with grand words. The bishop taught the hermits 133 . he decided to meet the hermits and teach them the invocations that were prescribed by the church. the bishop set sail for the island where the hermits lived.

” But the bishop was dumbfounded by the sight of the three men running on the water.wonders ./Vn|dignifaid/ .simple . we have forgotten the prayers you taught us. Please teach us the prayers once again./prI|skraibd / .ordered .”.” they cried as they reached the bishop. he discerned that it was none other than the three hermits who were holding hands and running on the water./|m{nifestId/ .the customary prayers like “Father./lnv@U|keiSn/ . Hallowed be thy name Give us our daily bread . Thou art in Heaven..without respect ..a holy person .age old habits ./|h3:mit / | .. He shook his head and humbly answered: “Dear ones. They were trying to reach his ship. revered one./|reidi@nt/ 134 .A short story of Leo Tolstoy taken from Autobiography of a Yogi by Paramahamsa Yogananda.prayer ./nai |i:v/ ./|mir@klz/ ..not knowing . Happy that he had educated the three simple men on how to pray. “and we have hastened to ask you to repeat them. Glossary: Hermit unaware of customs miracles manifested naive invocation prescribed undignified radiant ./kVst@mz/ . No sooner did his ship leave the shore than he saw a radiant light following his ship As the light approached his ship. the bishop left the island on his ship. The humble hermits accepted the bishop’s advice and learnt the prayers he taught them.shown ..bright . continue to live with your old prayer!” ./|Vn@ ’we@r @v/ .. What did they want? “Oh.

I reached the station.hurried . What didn’t they know? 3. Did the bishop approve their prayers? Show proof from the passage.understood .surprised I./ri|vi@d/ .respected . The simplest prayer pleases God most./|dis3:nd/ . 2./|heisnd/ . II. Say whether the following statements are TRUE or FALSE. Where did the hermits live? 2. 7. The hermits reached the ship. 4. I reached the station but the train had left 135 . What do you think of the Three Hermits? b. 1./dVm|faUndId/ . Why did the bishop decide to teach them the prayers of the church? 6. Give word / words from the text in support of your answer. Eg. The train left. Was their prayer powerful? How do you know? 4. The bishop did not teach the prayer once again to the hermits.discerned revered hastened dumb founded . a. The hermits’ prayer brought forth miracles. What was the radiant light that followed the bishop’s ship? 8. 3. How did the bishop come to hear about the hermits? 5. Writing Many words are used to connect sentences and those words give the passage the much needed emphasis. Comprehension 1.

etc. He refused to sanction the loan because she had no account in the bank. A few more conjunctions are and. 2.. She was not only shocked but also disappointed. 136 . But neither her mother nor her father was at home. Similarly. or.. 1. Both had left for the fields. She immediately went home. Both are not very clear about the answers. ‘Both’ in sentence 3 emphasizes the fact that Jenifer and Beulah have not answered properly and the word ‘both’ enriches the sentence. Read the following passage and underline the conjunctions: Malliga. But the manager was not there. 3. Beulah has answered the question. She decided to go to the bank the next day.The word ‘but’ emphasizes the point that the train had left before I reached the station and also enriches the text. She went to the bank to get a loan. The words ‘but’ and ‘both’ connect the sentences and enrich the meaning. because. Jenifer has answered the question. She waited for him and met him. a village girl wanted to get admission in a college in the city.

4.27. fawn 3.26. kitten Read the following sentences: The feminine form of a lion is a lioness. puppy 5. 4.1) I. The feminine form of a goose is a gander.17.16. Read the following sentences: The young one of a cow is a calf. 7.28.29. 1. The feminine form of an ox is a cow. 9. 2. 2. 2. 5. 10. 2. Vocabulary a. duckling 2. 137 . 3. chick 4. The young one of a pig is a piglet. 1. 2.3. The different names of young ones of different animals are given below: Arrange them in order.SECTION C OTHER ACTIVITIES ON SPECIFIC COMPETENCIES (1. The young one of a lion is a cub. deer cat dog hen duck 1.

The buses _________ full. In the first sentence the singular verb is used for the singular noun. 1. 2. The kites are beautiful. The birds are in the sky.Write the feminine form of the following. The bird __________in the sky. 6. The train __________ long. 3. The doors __________ open. 3. 4. woman 1. The books are open. duchess. The bird is in the sky. queen. sister. mare. 2. Fill in the blanks with the correct noun or verb forms. 4. 5. 5. The kite is beautiful. The book is open. The ________ are in the sky. duke king man prince father brother horse - II. princess. 3. 7. In the second sentence the plural verb is used for the plural noun. Choose from the list given. 2. mother. Grammar a. 138 . Read the following sentence: 1.

6. Read the following sentence. 3. 1. tomorrow will be a holiday. It is non finite.It is a clause. Clause 1 tomorrow will be a holiday 2 3 4 5 6 139 Phrase 1 On account of Pongal 2 3 4 5 6 . On seeing the elephant. The match was cancelled. 1. There is a finite verb in B . there will be a shortage of oil.b. 4. In case of war. In spite of illness. The first one is done for you. A kala went to school B There is a group of words both in A and B. On account of Pongal. 5. owing to rain. walking along the road.the child was happy Note: ‘seeing’ is not a finite verb. 2. In the event of a good monsoon. She fell ill due to overwork. I saw the sunrise. 2. A Phrase .It is a phrase. What is the difference between them? There is no finite verb in A . we will get better yield. the child was happy B Read the following sentences and tabulate the phrases and clauses.on seeing the elephant Clause .

Please note down the land marks. This is Central Railway Station.. You see. It is just 5 kms from here. IV. John Clerk John James John James John James : : : : : : : : Can I have a map of Chennai? Here you are. a cat or a dog? Cat. Teacher Mani Teacher Rani Teacher Mani : : : : : : We shall do a write-up describing a pet. Nehru Statue. And Gemini Fly Over further down . Strategic and Creative Skills a.. Give a map of Chennai to each group.. Study skills Read the following dialogue. Which shall we describe. Make the students sit in groups of five. Anna salai .. Railway Stations.. Are we on the right track? Of course . Spencer Plaza .. hospitals and educational institutions in the map of Chennai. Pupils listen carefully. From here the opposite road leads to Anna salai.. Teacher reads.III. Look here. pardon me. Mr... 140 . We are here now. They are seeking some information regarding the location of the Airport in Chennai. Mani. Ask them to locate the following landmarks: temples.. (John and James study the map). John and Mr.. James are at the tourist counter in the Central Railway Station. here we are.. why do you want a cat to be described? We have one at home.

my uncle said that he did not want lunch at all __________ he had already had his lunch in a marriage. : Nice! Are they useful to us in any way? : Yes. : They are attached to their living places. : Wonderful! b. : They are harmless too. . . ask the leader of each group to read it out to the class. Why do people keep the cat as a pet? : Cats are cute. c. any other reason? : Cats are lovely animals. Read the following passage and fill in the blanks using the words given below: (but. Select the best write -up and ask the leader of that group to write it on the blackboard. : Good. Ask the students to discuss among themselves and write a short paragraph about a dog. At the end of the discussion. : Excuse me. Will you please speak a little louder? : Certainly. _____________to my urprise. They are very friendly. I decided to go to market to buy some fresh vegetables ___________ fruits for lunch. and. because) Yesterday my uncle came from Thirunelveli.. : In that way cats help us. rats are scared away when there is a cat.Teacher Sheela Teacher Mani Teacher Sheela Teacher Rani Teacher Mani Sheela Teacher : Good. Divide the class into groups of 5 or 6. 141 ..

4.” b. There is a story about two children and a old witch. Betty bought some butter.9.1) I. Is she using the articles correctly? Tick the correct ones and correct the wrong ones: “My parents gave me an new story book. She sells sea shells on the sea shore. Listening Try to read the following sentences without any mistake. 2. Study the following advertisement and list out the phrases and clauses: 142 .29. It has stories from all over the world. The butter was bitter.10. II.25. 2. 3. Grammar a. There is a beautiful picture of the two children in an forest. In the previous unit you learnt how to use a and an: Your classmate is describing a story book that she has got.SECTION D ADDITIONAL EXERCISES (2. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled pepper. I shall give this book to you after I finish reading it. 1.

Her mother receives the call. she is not at home. What can I do for you? Could I please talk to Karnam Malleswari? I am afraid. fat becomes your purse III.TLM . Mother Reporter Mother Reporter Mother : : : : : Hello ! I am a reporter from ‘Sports Monthly’. I’ll convey it to her. I’ll tell her. I would like to meet her fot an interview for our magazine. A reporter from the ‘Sports Monthly’ wants to interview Karnam Malleswari. That’s fine. you are not tired When you buy ours. O. But she is not at home.K. He rings up to her house. Listen to the telephone conversation. a gold medalist in weight lifting in the Asiad Games. Speaking Read the following conversation and fill up the format given below to record your message.Cycles Cycle of the day Buy now and avail huge discount In case of a small deposit Easy instalments are available In spite of riding for miles. Can I have your number please 143 Reporter : Mother : . Please leave your message.

............... Time ........................... While you were out Mr................ ... Thank you Madam............. of.................................. Received by : Will call again Wants to meet you 144 ............... Telephoned ‘Returned to your call Caller’s No... Date ............................................................................................................................................... .........Reporter : My number is 28586591. Message ... ......................................... Mother : Not at all............................................ Telephone Message Slip To……………………………………….............

And day’s at the morn.Robert Browning Taken from Robert Browning’s Play ‘Pippa Passes’. You can note this from the bright spirit of her holiday song. But she was always cheerful and carefree. 145 . The snail’s on the thorn: God’s in His heaven All’s right with the world! .SECTION E PIPPA’S SONG The year’s at the spring. Pippa is a young. She had to work hard in a silk-mill. The lark’s on the wing. The hill-side’s dew-pearled. innocent Italian girl. Morning’s at seven.

a small song bird a small soft animal with a round shell on its back the place of god I. What is the meaning of ‘at’ in the following sentences? The year’s at the spring. Answer each of the following questions in a sentence or two: 1. 3. Spring moon seven dew-pearled 146 2. . 4. The word ‘at’ in the sentence ‘Morning’s at seven’ means a specific time. And day’s at the morn. 4. How do you know it is day time? What is the season of the year? What is the dew compared to? Why does the poet think that all is right with the world? What is your view of the world? II. Answer the following:1. 2. Does it mean the same in the phrase ‘on the wing’? What examples does Browning give to show that God is in heaven? Write the words from the second stanza that rhyme with the following words. 5. 3. The word ‘on’ in the phrase ‘on the thorn’ means just above the thorn.Glossary: dew-pearled lark snail heaven /dju: p3:ld/ /la:k / /sneIl / /|hevn/ dew drops are compared with pearls.

Though Pippa had to work hard. smile What’s the use of worrying It never was worthwhile So pack up your troubles in your old kit bag And smile. she was always cheerful. smile.5. smile. Are you always cheerful like Pippa? When you feel sad think of this songPack up your troubles in your old kit bag And smile. smile 147 .

.

PART II SUPPLEMENTARY READER (STORIES FOR THE YOUNG) 148 .

” Gopal Krishna Gokhale. known as Gopal in his family and among his friends. One of the great patriots of India is Gopal Krishna Gokhale. he taught me politics. he discontinued his studies and went to work to enable Gopal to go to Kolhapur for his higher studies. was born in a small village in Maharashtra. He was a noble leader. GOKHALE’S HONESTY We live in an independent country. When Gopal was thirteen and Govind was eighteen Krishna Rao died suddenly. 149 . His name was Govind. His parents Krishnarao and Sathyabhama bai were very poor. It is because of great leaders and patriots who suffered. Gokhale had a brother. Our country became independent on 15th August 1947. Mahatma Gandhi himself refers to him: “Gokhale is my teacher. As the family was very poor and Govind loved his brother very much.1. lost their wealth and went to jail that we achieved this independence.

This reply made the teacher and the students appreciate Gokhale’s honesty. Come to the front and sit on the first bench”. surprising the teacher and the students in the class. Gokhale alone had managed to answer the sum correctly. On completing his studies he worked as a teacher for a long time for a meagre salary. Gokhale did not keep anything for himself or for his family. He died on 19th February 1915.” Gokhale stood there weeping and said. I did not do it myself. He worked for our country and the people. Hence. He always spoke the truth. I like you. Gokhale did not move from his seat. You have after all done all the sums correctly. He stood up and began to sob. During the correction of the home work of students he noticed that almost all the boys had gone wrong in answering one of the sums. One day his teacher gave some homework in Arithmetic. there are no mistakes in your work. the teacher felt very happy and said. The teacher asked him. He was very honest. “Gopal.Gopal Krishna Gokhale studied hard reading his lessons under the street lamp. Indeed Gokhale remained an honest man throughout his life. Even as a boy he was truthful and honest. Glossary: independent patriot free one who loves his/her country 150 . “Why do you sob? You ought to be happy. “Sir. For many years he had only one meal a day. Come to the front seat.

What did the teacher give his class as home work? 2. 151 .discontinued meagre honest sob - stopped Small True to cry noisily I. How did Gokhale manage to do the sum correctly? 4. Answer the following questions in a sentence or two:1. Were Gokhale’s friends able to do the work? 3. Find the name of another patriot mentioned in this lesson.

1. a) thirteen and eighteen b) eighteen and thirteen c) thirteen and thirty one 3. Gokhale worked as a teacher in Kolhapur. 4.II. Choose the most appropriate answer and complete the following sentences. ( III. Govind discontinued his studies because ___________________________________. Gokhale took up a job after his father’s death. Write ‘T’ if it is true and ‘F’ if it is false in the box provided. Gokhale was born in a small village in ______________________. When Krishna Rao died Gopal and Govind were ___________________________. ( ( ( ( ) ) ) ) ) 3. 5. 1. c) there was no college in his village. Gokhale did not love his country. 4. b) his brother wanted him to go. a) his parents wanted him to go there. Gopal had to go to Kolhapur for his higher studies because _________________________________________. 2. Say whether the following statements are true or false. Give word or words from the text in support of your answer. 152 . a) Uttar Pradesh b) Maharashtra c) West Bengal 2. Gandhiji learnt politics from Gokhale. Gokhale was honest.

c. Gokhale could do the sum correctly because a) he was good at Arithmetic b) some-one else helped him c) the sum was not very difficult. b.a) he was not interested in his studies b) he loved his brother c) he wanted Gopal to go for higher studies 5. f. g. Fill in the blanks in the following table:GOKHALE (1) a. IV. a) hardworking and not trustworthy b) true and honest c) shy and honest 7. Govind was_____________. d. a) loving b) selfish c) indifferent 6. e. Gokhale was . Place of birth Parents Brother’s name Good qualities he had The place where he had his higher studies Worked as Died Year: 153 .

____________ c. ____________ e. teacher gave a sum as home work. b. ____________ d. ____________ 154 . ____________ f.(2) What happened at school a.

Rekha said to her father. She did not want to marry the men in her village. You will be better off in the village. I want to draw her picture and colour it. “Your daughter is very beautiful. The artist visited Rekha’s house everyday to do his 155 . many men wanted to marry her.” Rekha’s father obliged the artist’s request. REKHA AND HER JEWELS Rekha was seventeen years old. He drew many pictures and painted them in colours. But Rekha remained firm and said. I want to live in a large house and I don’t want to do any work in the house”. “I will marry only a rich man. I am sure you wouldn’t like living in a town. As she was very beautiful. Hence the artist began drawing Rekha’s picture and colouring it. On seeing Rekha the artist observed to her father.2.” One day an artist reached that village. Why don’t you marry Ajay? He is indeed a very good bridegroom”. “I am very beautiful and I have many jewels. Rekha’s father replied “We don’t know any one who is rich.

The artist said. Then Rekha married Ajay and lived happily in the village. “You have beautiful jewels on your ears and your fingers. On the third day the artist observed. Rekha’s father was enraged and said. “It will take me some time to place those pieces of jewellery perfectly on this picture. If you adorn your picture with those jewels. 156 .” These comments made Rekha part with two of her jewels to adorn her eyes in the picture. “Your eyes in the picture look very beautiful. the portrait will simply be graceful. Some days later. Then he went away. A few pieces of jewellery on them will make the picture even more charming. Whenever Ajay insisted that they should visit the town.job. Rekha admitted to having given them to the artist for adorning her picture. Rekha’s father wanted to know where her jewels were. The artist never came back. One day he said to her. What will you do if he doesn’t come back at all?” Rekha’s father was quite correct. Tomorrow I will bring you back your picture which will be the most beautiful picture in the world”. “Your lips in the picture are simply charming.” Rekha gladly parted with two more of her jewels to adorn the lips in the picture. If you adorn those eyes with jewellery they will look even better. The next day the artist continued to make a few more comments. “We do not know where he lives. “I’m happier in the village and I don’t want to visit the town”. she always observed. Rekha lost all her jewels owing to her folly. So I will take them home and do it there.” Immediately Rekha took the jewels out of her ears and fingers and gave them to the artist.

How was Rekha’s father helpful to the artist? 157 . Who did her father want her to marry? Did Rekha marry him? Why? 3. Do you think Rekha wanted to be la0.make more attractive or beautiful. all the time doing no work? How do you know? 4. Did Rekha want to marry any man in her village? Why? 2.perform a service of favour for . Answer the following questions in a sentence or two:1.beautiful I.a painting. drawing . What did the artist want to draw? 5.Glossary: oblige adorn charming portrait graceful . decorate .attractive .

Write ‘T’ if it is true and ‘F’ if it is false in the box provided. Rekha sold all her jewels for a price. Rekha wanted to lead an idle life. 1. 5. Give word or words from the text in support of your answer.6. 4. Did she marry Ajay at the end? II. What made Rekha lose all her jewels? 8. ( ( ( ) ) ) 158 . What kind of a man was the artist? 7. The artist was true and honest. ( ) 2. Say whether the following statements are true or false. ( ) 3. Rekha did not want to marry Ajay because he was not handsome. Rekha’s father was very happy when he learnt that she had given all her jewels to the artist.

4. Fill in the blanks. Then she gladly gave two more of her jewels to adorn her ears and fingers. “I will marry only a ___________man”. She wanted to marry a rich man and live in a big house. Rekha and her father lived in a village. 2. 12. 11. 2. He did not come back at all.III. 4. 1. 3. 9. 159 . IV. 3. 10. The artist said. Then the artist went away with the jewels saying that he would do the work at home. Immediately Rekha took the _____________ out of her ears and fingers. On the second day she had to part with two more of her jewels. Rekha lost all her jewels owing to her ____________. Rearrange the following sentences in the most appropriate order:1. 5. 6. 7. Her father scolded her when he came to know this. Rekha was _______________ years old. One day an artist came to the village. On the first day Rekha gave two of her jewels to adorn her eyes in the picture. 5. He wanted to draw the picture of Rekha. “Tomorrow I will bring you back your picture which will be the most _____________ picture in the world”. He permitted him to draw her picture. 8. Rekha realised her folly and married Ajay and lived happily thereafter. Rekha said.

if you come across him now? Give Reasons. chain hand finger ear wrist neck ankle VI. Imagine you are Rekha’s brother. anklet 4. bracelet 2. What would you do to the artist. bangle 6.V. earring 3. Can you match the piece of jewellery with the part of the body where it is worn? 1. 160 . ring 5.

He wanted the best doctor to attend on his son. said the Emperor. Babar became very sad. 161 .” The Queen stopped weeping. “God. The doctor treated his patient with utmost care. Filled with tears Babar knelt down and prayed. One day when Humayun fell ill. “Yes indeed”. “Have faith in God. “He is there near our beloved son and is praying to God for his life”. The doctor finally said.” This made Babar lose his hope on the doctor. He went near her and said. “Is Abdul Baka. God only can save him. “His condition is now fatal. FATHER’S LOVE Babar the Moghul Emperor was very kind to his subjects. So the best doctor in his empire was called in to attend on Humayun. He alone can save our son. However Humayun’s condition did not improve at all.” Just at that time he heard the Queen weeping.3. If he loved anyone more it was his son Humayun. the most pious man in town?” she asked. please save my son.

but my life is more valuable than the diamond. So saying Babar fell down and died a little later. ”Oh Emperor! I can see his pulse beat”.” the King said to the pious man. “How is he now?” he asked Abdul Baka. “God. “Medicines have failed. “What’s the most valuable thing in my house?” asked Babar. Your son will be normal soon. “Still I believe Humayun will be alright. God may then save the life of your son.” said Abdul Baka. “You have the most valuable diamond with you.“You also go there and pray for Humayun’s recovery”. “God has answered my prayer”. Babar returned to the room where Humayun lay sick. cried the pious man. Suddenly the doctor saw Humayun uttering a few words. “The diamond is no doubt very valuable. Glossary: fatal valuable pious causing death worth a great deal of money deeply religious 162 . He knelt down and said. Pray to God and offer him the most valuable thing in your house”. said the Queen. Sell that diamond and you will get lakhs of rupees.” said Abdul Baka. You may give the money to the poor. take my life and give life to my son”. Saying this Babar walked round the bed of Humayun. “I offer my life”.

Babar loved his son more than his subjects . Say whether the following statements are true or false. The pious man did not want Babar to offer his life. What happened to Babar at the end? 6. What made Babar become sad? 2. 1. Answer the following questions in a sentence or two in the space provided. What was valuable to Babar? Did he offer that? 5. Who saved the life of Humayun? (Babar/the doctor/the pious man/God) 7. ( ) ) b. Why did the pious man want Babar to give money to the poor? II. Did Humayun show any improvement with the treatment given by the doctor? 3. What did the pious man want Babar to offer? 4.I. a. Write ‘T’ if it is true and ‘F’ if it is false in the box provided. ( 163 . Give word or words from the text in support of your answer.

A little later Babar died. Rearrange the following sentences in the most appropriate order:1. Babar found the diamond more valuable than his life. But there was no improvement in his condition. The emperor called in a doctor to treat Humayun. 10. When Babar offered his life Humayun was saved. 8. ( ( III. the pious man. Once Humayun the son of Babar was seriously ill. The doctor was successful in treating Humayun. Abdul Baka.c. 9. Babar died because of a serious illness. ( e. He prayed God and asked Babar to offer the most valuable thing in his house. He then asked the emperor to sell the diamond and give the money to the poor to save Humayun’s life. 2. 6. The queen did not have any concern for her son. 7. 3. 5. 4. f. He gave the best medicines. was called in. Humayun’s life was saved. 164 . ( ) ) ) ) d.

In the neighbourhood of Chambal there lived a wealthy land-lord Ramsingh. looting their property and killing them. burning their houses. shouted Ramsingh to his servants.4. They are likely to attack your house tonight. You must be careful. THE SHREWD BOY In the forests on both sides of the river Chambal in Madhya Pradesh there lived a gang of dacoits. One morning a Police Officer visited him and said “I have news that a gang of dacoits remain sheltered in the neighbouring forest. I have also alerted my officers to take care of you and the village”. During the day the dacoits used to hide themselves in the forest and at night they went out with arms attacking the villagers. “Shut all the doors and windows before it gets dark”. So saying the police officer went away. Therefore the villagers led a fear-stricken life. In the evening when the servants were getting ready to shut the doors and windows of the house there came a hungry boy and he stood in front of the 165 .

” shouted the servants. He fed me when I was hungry. “You don’t need to thank us. give me some food and shelter for the night. “We won’t give you anything. “The landlord is kind-hearted. It is he who informed us of the dacoits. The policemen overpowered them.house. Quickly he came down the tree and found the policemen and told them how the dacoits had been attacking the house of the land lord. we can go and attack Ramsingh’s house”. I must save him and his property now. climbed it and sat on one of its branches. “I am very hungry. Let me run to the policemen and inform them about this. Go away or else we will kill you”. The boy ate the food and went away.” replied the servants. I will give you food but you can’t stay here. “You have saved our lives and property. When it was midnight the boy heard the voice of some men under the tree.” pleaded the boy.” said the landlord.” said the police officer and then left. ”What’s the noise here?” he asked them. After a few minutes he heard the commotion in Ramsingh’s house. In the meantime the dacoits tried to break open the main door of the house. Ramsingh heard the noise of his servants and came out. As it had turned dark he could not find his way. ”The police men are not here. You must thank this young boy. He decided to spend the rest of the night there. said the servants angrily. Hence he located a small tree. The policemen and the boy ran to the house of the land lord as fast as they could. “This boy wants food and shelter. “Dear boy.” said the boy to himself. One of the men said. “We suspect you to have been sent by the gang of dacoits. He listened carefully.” said Ramsingh thankfully. 166 .

“I gave you only food but in return you have saved not only my life and property but the entire village. You can be with us and work in my house”. Glossary: shrewd fear-stricken gathered alerted shelter overpowered - clever full of fear came together warn of a danger a place to stay use stronger force I. How did the dacoits earn their living? 2. I am not going to ask you to go away.Looking at the boy cheerfully. Answer the following questions in a sentence or two: 1. Who alerted Ramsingh? How? 4. The boy lived there happily ever after. Why were the villagers grief-stricken? 3. Ramsingh said. Why did the young boy come to the house of the landlord? How was he treated? 167 .

The villagers were living in fear because _______________________________. How did the boy tackle the situation? 7. b) they were frequently attacked by the dacoits. How was the boy rewarded? 8. Do you like the way the dacoits lived? 9. Where did he seek shelter for the night? How did he spend the night? 6. c) they lived near the forest. Read the following statements and choose the correct answers:1.5. 168 . a) the landlord was cruel. How do you think you can make them become good? II.

a) wanted to go to the landlord’s house again.2. policemen 3. 3. b) wanted more food. Match the persons given in Column A with the corresponding word in column B that describes best each of them. 4. c) the landlord would not like the boy. The boy wanted to save the landlord because he ____________________________________. Column A 1. a) considerate b) adamant c) cruel The Landlord and the villagers were saved by ___________________________________. the landlord 2. c) the servants of the landlord. The servants ordered the boy to go out because they thought that ___________________________. b) he would also be attacked. III. b) the shrewd boy’s timely report to the police. a) the timely action of the policemen. the young boy 169 Column B cruel grateful brave dutiful loving and kind patriotic . In the beginning the landlord was ________________ to the boy. 5. a) he was a member of the gang. dacoits 5. servants 4. c) thought it was his duty.

Answer whether the following are true or false. (True / False) (True / False) (True / False) (True / False) (True / False) 170 . 2.IV. Ramsingh was a poor man. The policemen overpowered the dacoits. 5. During the day the dacoits attacked the villagers. The boy saved Ramsingh’s life and property. 3. The boy located a small tree and decided to spend the night there. 1. 4.

“You are welcome to share our meal every day. thank you for visiting us. The lion agreed and assured them that nobody would harm them. We will be happy if you join us at dinner.the lazy jackal and the crow to starve without food. 171 .5. The carpenter said. The carpenter cut the wood in the forest and his wife did the cooking.a cunning jackal and a crow also lived in the same forest. One day when the lion saw them he growled. He relished the food. This made his friends . A lion with his two greedy and lazy friends . Please come alone and don’t bring your friends”. The clever carpenter bowed low and said. “O great king. My wife has cooked a fine meal. The lion came every day to eat with his new friends.” The lion was pleased and joined them for dinner. The lion gave up hunting and therefore stopped eating meat. THE CLEVER CARPENTER Once there lived a carpenter and his wife in a forest.

Secretly the jackal and the crow had a plan to kill the lion’s new friends. They won’t harm you”. king of forests! We like you. They may kill us. “We are eager to meet your new friends”. He saw the yearning eyes of the jackal and the hungry eyes of the crow and understood that the carpenter was right. roared the lion. Go and climb a tree. So I don’t hunt”. The lion said that he could not take them as he had promised his new friends that he would always meet them alone. 172 .” cried the carpenter sitting on the tree. We know you will not harm us.” Saying so. We are safe here. They said. But your friends are greedy. The lion looked back. The lion agreed at last on condition that they would not harm his new friends. The carpenter saw the lion. They may attack us. “We are in for trouble. He said to his wife. “Hi. Look there they are.One day the jackal asked the lion why he had stopped hunting. “I have found two new friends. They give me very nice food every day. the jackal and the crow together at a distance. why are you running? They are also my friends. “Oh. When the jackal and the crow heard this they were angry but did not show it. on seeing the carpenter and his wife running for life. Next morning the jackal and the crow set out with the lion to meet the carpenter and his wife. both the carpenter and his wife climbed the tree. The jackal and the crow cried and begged the lion to take them to his new friends’ house. The lion said. Let’s hurry. Don’t be afraid.

Did the other animals like the lion visiting his new friends? 5.So the lion angrily pounced on the cunning and greedy jackal and the crow and drove them away. Answer the following questions in a sentence or two:s 1. How did the carpenter’s wife help him? 3. Glossary yearning pounce longing. Who starved? Why? 173 . 2. strong desire for something attack I. In the meantime the carpenter and his wife left the forest for ever. How did the carpenter win the lion’s friendship? 4. Name the animals in this story.

Who was wise? The carpenter or the lion. they earned their livelihood by cutting the wood in the forest. a. wanted the jackal and the crow to starve. 7. 2. liked the food served by them.6. a. Wanted to live with the animals in the forest. The carpenter and his wife lived in a forest because _____________________________________. The lion visited them everyday because he ________________________________. c. What kind of a woman was the carpenter’s wife? 8. they liked life in the forest b. Why did the carpenter want the lion to come alone to see him? 9. Did the jackal and the crow succeed in their plan? II. Choose the most appropriate answer to complete the following sentences:1. 174 . didn’t want to live with the jackal and the crow. b. c.

( ) The carpenter and his wife left the forest at the end for fear of animals. ( ) The carpenter was right in what he said about the jackal and the crow. ( ) The lion did not take the jackal and the crow to the carpenter’s house because he knew their plan. 9. 3. 5. III.the lazy jackal and the crow to starve without food. The jackal and the crow were greedy. 1. The crow and the jackal did not succeed in their plan because ________________________. 8. Write ‘T’ if it is true and ‘F’ if it is false in the box provided. the lion was mightier than them. This made his friends . Say whether the following statements are true or false. A lion cannot be friendly with other animals. the carpenter was more cunning than them. ( ( ) ) The lion gave up hunting and therefore stopped eating meat. a. 7. the carpenter’s wife was very kind to them. 2. 6. ( ) The jackal was not cunning enough to succeed in their plan. b. ( ) The lion was very kind to the carpenter and his wife. c. ( ) The carpenter and his wife ran for their life because they were afraid of the lion. 4.3. Give word or words from the text in support of your answer. ( ) 175 .

asked crow to sing .10.said crow sang beautifully .fox carne along .crow opened mouth .sat on a tree .vadai fell . 176 . ( IV. ) Old lady . the lion became friends with the greedy jackal and the crow once again.selling vadais .crow snatched vadai . After the carpenter and his wife left the forest. Complete the story of the fox and the crow from the following outline. V. Narrate how the carpenter escaped from the lion.fox took it and ran away. Give your answer in 5-10 lines.

” The youngest son said. The eldest son said half of seventeen is eight and a half. The youngest son said.” The second son said one-third of seventeen is five and two-thirds. He was very proud of them. “I am too old to look after my camels. The three brothers (quarrelled among themselves. Their father was angry and said. “Then I should get six” said the second son. “So I shall take nine camels”. my second son will get one-third and my youngest son will get one-ninth. My eldest son will get half the camels. SEVENTEEN CAMELS Once there was a man who owned seventeen camels. One day he called his three sons and said. “I want two whole camels”.6. Now take the camels and look after them. “None of you are good at mathematics. 177 . “If I divide seventeen by nine the answer is one and eight-ninths. So I shall divide my seventeen camels among the three of you. You must look for some one who can help you”.

The brothers did not like the idea either. “But what about the pretended camel?” The youngest asked. Then how many camels are there altogether?” “Eighteen”. He said. “Right”. two-thirds and eight-ninths”. Then on the way they met a little boy and a girl returning home from school. “Pretend that I am a camel too. They saw the camels and said. The little boy and the girl said. “Seventeen camels”. We’II solve it for you. “Now what is one-ninth of eighteen?” “Two.” replied the eldest. The trader offered a good price for the camels and asked them to share the money among themselves.” said the boy. said the second. “I’ve got two whole camels”. The three brothers were not willing to sell the camels. They then met a butcher in his shop. “I will solve your problem.” shouted the youngest joyfully. Thus the eldest brother could own nine camels. the girl said. the second six and the youngest two. “What is half of eighteen?” “Nine. “Correct”. said the girl. the brothers answered. I can cut your camels exactly into half. 178 . “So take away your nine camels.” The boy went and stood near the seventeen camels. They first met a trader.The three sons took the seventeen camels and walked down the road in search of a man who could help them. “This is a very easy problem. The brothers told them the whole story and asked if they could help them. “That’s my share”. “Now what is one third of eighteen?” “Six”.

1. each of them rode a camel.“Oh! Now I’m a boy again. “I don’t need to be a camel any more. What did their father say to them? 5. Who was the first person the brothers met on the road? What did he say to them? 6.” The three brothers were very happy.” replied the boy. Of course none walked. Glossary: butcher solve a person who cuts and sells meat find an answer to I. with them to meet their father. They took the little boy and the girl. What did the butcher say to the brothers? 7. How did seventeen camels become eighteen camels? 179 . Why did the three brothers start fighting? 4. Answer the following questions in a sentence or two. Why did the youngest son and the second son get so angry? 3. What did the old man tell his three sons? 2.

How did the children solve the problem? Do you think the three brothers were foolish. They went out. 180 . 6.ninths. One day an aged father wanted his three sons to share the seventeen camels he owned. They all returned home happily. ( ( ( ) ) ) III. Rearrange the following sentences in the most appropriate order: 1. 2. 4. Say whether the following statements are true or false. On the way they met a trader. ( ) The little boy and girl could not solve the problem.8. The old man was too old to take care of the camels. 1. 3. two-thirds and eight . He said that he would be able to cut the camels accordingly. 4. 2. The brothers were good at mathematics. Why? II. Write ‘T’ if it is true and ‘F’ if it is false in the box provided. 5. 5. Give word or words from the text in support of your answer. 9. The little boy was to be a pretended camel. 3. ( ) The butcher cut the camels exactly into half. He asked them to look for a person who could help them.

Then they met a butcher. The little boy and girl finally solved their problem. 9. He wanted them to sell the camels to him. They started quarrelling. He was not happy with their quarrelling.7. 11. 8. He also announced the share for each of them. All the three found it difficult to divide them accordingly. 10. 12. 13. *** 181 .

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.