USE OF PLASTIC WASTE IN ROAD CONSTRUCTION

GUIDED BY PREETHA PRABHAKARAN ASST.PROFESSOR DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENG. PRESENTED BY POOJA BOSE S7 CE(40)

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INTRODUCTION
plastic waste - hazard to the environment. ‡ plastics waste - construction of flexible pavement.
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Plastic Road At Thambaram (2007)

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What is plastic?? A material that contains one or more organic polymers of large molecular weight.Elastomers. 3 . can be shaped by its flow. solid in its finished state and at some state while manufacturing or processing into finished articles. 3. ‡ Types of plastics 1.Thermoplastics. 2.Thermosets.

2. 4 .NATURAL RESINS 1. hydrogen and oxygen. globules on the bark . 3. 4. solids or semi solid materials light yellow to darkbrown in colour carbon.

plastics. polystyrene. 5 . derived primarily from petroleum. adhesives and rubber. polyesters and acrylics 3. used in the manufacture of varnishes.SYNTHETIC RESINS 1. 2.

Various Resins Of Plastic 1. Low Density Polyethylene(LDPE) 5. Vinyl(Poly vinyl chloride or PVC) 4. Polyethylene terephthalate (PET. Density polyethylene(HDPE) 3.PETE) 2. Polypropylene(PP) 6 .

7 .BASIC PROCESSES 1. 2. Segregation . 3. Cleaning process . Collection process . 4. Shredding process .

1. ± Maximum thickness of 60 microns. SEGREGATION PROCESS 8 .SEGREGATION ± plastic waste collected from various sources must be separated from other waste.

2 cleaning process ‡ Plastic waste get cleaned and dried. cleaning process 9 .

3 Shredding process ‡ will be shredded or cut into small piece. ‡ the different types of plastic wastes are mixed together shredding process 10 .

36 mm is collected.4 Collection process ‡ the plastic waste retaining in 2. collected plastic 11 .

FIELD TRIALS ‡ There are two type of field trials 1.Wet process 12 .Dry process 2.

DRY PROCESS ‡ The aggregate is heated to 170°C in the Mini hot Mix Plant . Heated aggregates 13 .1.

Adding shredded plastic 14 .‡ the shredded plastic waste is added in equal proportion.

15 . Aggregate-plastic.Bitumen Mix ‡The mixture is transferred to the road and the road is laid.‡ Immediately the hot Bitumen 60/70 or 80/100 grade (160°C) is added .

.Wet Process ‡ Waste plastics by direct mixing ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ with hot bitumen at 160°C Mechanical stirrer is needed Addition of stabilizers and proper cooling. 16 . Since the wet process require a lot of investment and bigger plants Not commonly used.2.

CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE PLASTICS 1 Binding property ‡ Plastic is a good binder. % of plastic coating over aggregate 10% 20% 30% 40% Compressive strength (MPa) 250 270 290 320 Bending strength (MPa) 325 335 350 390 BINDING PROPERTY 17 .

‡ 2 Thermal study Thermal study 18 .

CHARACTERISTICS OF POLYMER MODIFIED BITUMEN ‡ that the use of higher percentage of plastics in polymer modified bitumen is not favorable. Polymer modified bitumen 19 .

helps to improve the quality of flexible pavement Aggregate impact value 20 .CHARACTERISTICS OF PLASTIC COATED AGGREGATE 1 .Aggregate impact value ‡ ‡ plastics improves aggregate impact value.

2.Soundness Test ‡ The plastic coated aggregate.37% without plastic. improvement in the quality of the aggregate. did not show any weight loss.Los Angel¶s Abrasion Test ‡ wear and tear values of plastic coated aggregate is found to be decreasing the percentage of plastics ‡ (Eg. 21 . 32% with 1% plastic and 29% with 2% plastic) 3.

of single lane road. 5000/Km. Reduce the need of bitumen by around 10%. which is ecofriendly. Increase the strength and performance of the road. Reduce the cost to around Rs. Develop a technology. 22 . Generate jobs for rag pickers.ADVANTAGES OF PLASTIC ROAD ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Use higher percentage of plastic waste.

2. Cleaning process ‡ Toxics present in the co-mingled plastic waste would d start leaching.DISADVANTAGES OF PLASTIC ROADS 1. 23 . During the road laying process ‡ But the presence of chlorine will definitely release noxious HCL gas.

once it has been laid. (mechanical abrasion).After the road laying ‡ The components of the road. ‡ When air-borne.3. ‡ once the road is started to be used will cause the release of fine polymer particles. 24 . these will cause a particulate problem. are not inert. ‡ It is opined that the first rain will trigger leaching. As the plastics will merely form a sticky layer.

‡ plastic road would be a boon for India¶s hot and extremely humid climate where durable and eco-friendly roads which will relive the earth from all type of plastic waste 25 .CONCLUSION ‡ Plastic will increase the melting point of the bitumen ‡ use of the innovative technology not only strengthened the road construction but also increased the road life ‡ Help to improve the environment .

Indian Roads Congress ISI.REFERENCES ‡ ‡ ‡ Vasudevan .S. S.938-994 IRC. ³Indian Standards Specifications for Roads Tar´. N K S Pundhir .Verma.Vol. Vol. utilization of waste plastics for flexible pavement.Roads from plastic waste. (July 2006).R.(2008). Indian standard Institution ‡ ‡ 26 . ³Tentative Specifications for Bituminous Surface dressing Using Pre-coated Aggregates. Sangita and A Chandra(2007).7. The Indian Concrete Journal . No.43-47 Kajal .pp.66.´ IRC: 48-1972. Journal Of Scientific and Industrial Research. Use of waste plastics and copper slag for low cost bituminous roads.34. IS: 215. Indian High Ways (Indian Road Congress).pp.

THANK YOU 27 .

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