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MARITIME ORGANIZATION OF WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA
B.P. V. 257 Abidjan
Republic of COTE DIVOIRE
Tel.: (225) 2021 71 15/202231 93 Fax: (225) 20 21 65 54/ 22 42 38 02 e-mail: rnowcofsofricconllne.co.ci
MEMBER STATES OF MOWCA
• Angola -
• Ghana • Sierra Leone -
• Benin • Guinea ~ Togo ---
• Cameroon • Guinea-Bissau
• Cape Verde iiiiiiiii • Equatorial Guinea • Burldrla Faso
• Rep. of Congo • Liberia • Central A. Rep.
• D.R. of Congo • Mauritania • Malt
• Cote d'tvoire • Nigeria • Niger
• Gabon • Sao Tome & Prilcipe • Chad II
• The Gambia • Senegal r: brochure gives an insight into MOWO\ Africa's only sub-regiQnal sectoral body dedicated to providing a platform for handling all maritime/transit transport matters common to its twenty-five member States.
Since its inception, under a Gharter of Abidjan in 1975, the Grganization has passed through Mghly challenging times and in the final analysis, has helped to greatly sensitize the, sub-region regarding its role in World maritime development.
Today, thanks to MOWCAand ftSdevelo[r ment pertners, the sub-region has policies, programs- and projects that are aimed at ensuring:
- the provision of cos: effeetive mentime/ trensit transport service" with particular reference- to the fast developing cosstsl shipping service; sub-regional common cabotage policy; transit transport facilitation/the implementation of the Almaw Programme of Action on Transit Transport as well as development of multimodn! transport and logistics services.
- maritime Safety and Environmental Protection, with particular reference to combating piracy and armed robbery along the coast; the implementation of
the flew International Ship and Part faeility Security (ISPS) code; the MOU on Port State Control; the establishment 0/ the integrated Coast Guard network in cooperation with IMO and development Penners, KO/CA i and the efficiency of Maritime Academies.
- effective flow of information in the subregion and assisting Port State Control activities for the coordinated inspection of ships.
Today nt) country or region can achieve trade efficiency without ensuring the efficiency of the chief servant of international trade : Maritime Transport. To achieve maritime transport efficiency is costly and involves the implementation of mandatory international and regional conventions, codes and regulations. There is no alternative to regional cooperation, such as offered hy MOWCA, in the provision of cost-efficient maritime transport services.
On behalf 'Of the Chairman and the twenty-five member States of MOWCA, I Wish to thank you for your interest in the organ ization.
M. T. Addict) Secretary-General
-- -~-~~-- ---______;,
The West and Central Africah sub-region, - from Mauritania down to Angola - constitute one of Africa's three unique shipping ranges or maritime regions served by liner conferences and other non-llner shipping companies, the other two being: East and Southern Africa i North Africol Mediterranean.
The countries in the. maritime region share common problems of demand and supply for maritime/ transit transport services, and associated safety, security and pollution threats. The rnorlnrne region therefore lends itself to sectoral integration in this field.
Indeed, the economies of the states in the West and Central African maritime re,gioh depend heavily on mcritime/ transit transport services. Twenty coastal States bordering the north and south Atlantic ocean, and further five landlocked countries served through the coostol ports, generated in 2803 on estimated 247 million tom of dry/liquid bulk. contdlnerlsed I general cargo, representing 4.8% of world cargo tonnage- of 5129.4 million tons.
it lstnternatlonal in character and mode of operation. The opportunities, problems and polity issues associated with maritime transit transport, transcend national boundaries and can best be handled on integrated regional and international levels. These include:
• the cost-effectiveness of-shipping services
• competitiveness and survival of national I regional operators
• efficiency of seaports
• avaHability of coastal shipping and transit transport services
Furthermore., the coastal countries share . common waters c'ontaini·n.g some of the richest fishing grounds in the
world: these shores are also a magnet for sun and s-urf Seekers. At the same time, the sub-regiorrs coastal waters are home to some ofthe world busiestshipping routes, particularly heavy oil tanker traffic from the Arabian Cu If to north and south America and to northern Europe. The subregion also harbours its qwn oil-producing countries with a network of oil tanker movements in its coastal waters.
Maritime/transit transport is not only a vital servant of international trade, in itself
• efficiency ef multi-modal transport
• protection of shippers'interests
• the special case of landlocked countries
• maritime safety, security
• pollution prevention and control
• ma"l"ihn'rs training
Estdblished in May, 1975 under d CHARTER OF ABIDJAN as the Ministerial Conference of West and Central Africen stE:ltes en Maritime Transport (MINCONMAR), to foster sub-regional maritime coeperotlor- among its member States, the organization was transformed in August 1999 into the Maritime Organisqtion of West ond Central Africa (MOWCAj, bringing together the 25 countries on the West and Central Afrieal1 shipping range in one of the world's major regional sectoral integration schemes.
M OWCA is Africa's only InterGovernmental, sub-regional body dedicated to providlng a platform for handling all maritime matters common to its member states, The Organization alms, to harmonise maritime and port pollciesahd strategies of member States in the sector of mariti melt ran sit tran spo rt, po rts, marl t i rn e safety, seeuritv and marine environmental protection.
• To serve the regional and international community as a one-stop shop for regional maritime matters
• To ensure that the s-ub-region has a costeffective shipping servicethat meets IMO's high maritime safety, security and marine e nvi ron mental P rotection stand artis,
• To enable' the sub-region to compete effectively again,st other regional blocs through economies of scale and economic co-operation within the region
• To assIst member states to implement internatlonal maritime conventions and agreement on safety, marine pollution and .training
• To' further the aims of the African Maritime Charter, the African Union, the UNls Economic Commission fo-r Africa (ECA), the West ICentral African Economic Comrnu n lties,
ORGANIZATION AND STRUCTURE
" The supreme decision-rnaklng body of MOWCA is-a General Assembly of Ministers ot Transportormernher States meeting at ordinary sessions every two years and at Extraordinary sessions as necessary.
• There are preparatory meetings of Experts of Member States before the ses-sions of the: General Assembly. The experts meetings are chaired by the Chairman of Committee of Experts.
• At each erdinary session, a Bureau is appointed, made up of a Chairman, two Vice-Chai rrnen, a ~appo rteur and chairmen ofthreespecialised committees:
- Committee on Maritime Safety and Environmental Protection
- Committee on Maritime Transport and auxiliary activities
- Committee on Specific problems of landlocked counfries
The Chairman and the Bureau play the role (If a Board during the- intervening p-er-iod between ordinary sessions .. of the General Assembly.
• MOWCA is serviced by a full time maritime professional elected as Secretary-General by the General As-sembly of Ministers. The Secretary-General also heads the Permanent Secretarlatof the Organizatlon based at its headquarters in Abidjan. The Permanent Secretariat has Technical, Administrative and Financial functions.
• MOWCA works through three specialised Organs and Maritime Academies:
The Specialised organs
• 'the Port Management Association of est and Central Africa (PMAWCA)
• the Union of African Shippers'Coundls (lIASO
• the Association of ational Shipping Lines (ANSL).
The Maritime Academies
• the' Regional Maritime Acadernj; Abidjan -(ARSTM, for francophone member Stales)
• the Regional Maritime Academy, Accra (RMA for Anglophone member States)
.. the Mariti me Academy of Nigeria (MA ), Oron
• MOWCA is financed through annuaJ contributions of Member States and grants by donor agencies, which are normaltv project-criented. MOWCA hasaJso establi - hed a Reglonal Maritime Fund for sustainable financing of sub-regional projects and programs.
From the world-wide protectionist policies of the 1970s and 19805, MOWCA's maritime policy in the 1990s and 2000, has shifted towards the llberol'sction of trade and services.
This shift occurred as member States became signatories of the GATTJWTO and particularly the General A.greement on Trade and Services (GATS). Strategies have been adopted to strengthen domestic
service capacity, efficiency and cernpetitiveness so that member States can take advantage of the liberaHsation of market access. MOWCA has also adopted programs to implement policies on maritime safety and environmental protection.
MOWCA's policy focuses on:
• encouraging private sector participation in ship operation, particularly in coastal shipping, through ownership and chartering of tonnage and forging co-operative
partnerships between regional operators and feteign shippi ng companies operating to the sub-region
• developing coastal shipping networks and feeder systems to connect hub and spoke ports, and 'establishing an effective
multi-modal transport system for the sub-region
• port development and facilitation, with particu lar reference to achieving rapid and cost-effective ship turn-around times, including the creation of special berths and conditions for landlocked countries
• strengthening service-oriented shippers' councils to protect and represent effectively the users of the shipping industry
• strengthening the regional maritime academies of Abidjan, Accra, and the Nigenan Academy of Oron to provide training at all levels of the maritime, fishing and petroleum industry
• establishing national transport observatories to be co-ordinated by a regional observatory based in the Permanent Secretariat of the Organization, to generate an up-to-date, uniform, computerised database for the entire sub-region
• promoting maritime safety and environmental protection, indudingthe creation of effective contingency plans for pollution prevention and control, the enhancement of the efficiency of maritime administrations, and the implementation of flag and port State control measures
Realizing MOWCA policy objectives: MOWCA projects and programs
Since its inception in Mqy 1975~ MOWCA has worked to achieve its objectives through active Involvement ln a wide range of projects and programs.
Between 1975 and 1990, MOWCA, then known as MI NCONMAR :
• created an effective ferum for cooperation in the field of maritime transport
• followed a program of increas-ing the participation of the sub-region in the supply of shipping services, while protecting the interests of shippers through shippers' Councils. This was done:through strenuous UNCTAD negotiations of the UN Liner code which guaranteed the right of developing countries not only to participate equitably in the supply of shipping services but to protect their interests through freight rate negotiations.
• regionalised and strengthened three specialised Organs: the Port Management Association of West and Central Africa (PMAWCA), the Union of African Shippers' Councils (UASC) and the Assoclation of National Shipping lines (ANSL).
• regienalised and strengthened two Maritime Academies in Abldjanand Accra.
Between 1990 and 1998, the then MINCONMAR continued to create an effective forum for its member States to cooperate within a changing world economic order; moving from prot-ectionist policies towards liberalization. The Organization's projects and programs c-onsequently focused on the fotlowing four major areas:
• the Sub-Saharan African Transport Program (SSAT~) Project initiated by the World Bank. The two MINCONMAR I WORLD BANK Cotonou Round Tables
on maritime policy, held in 1992 and 1997, resulted in the adoption of an action plan to improve the efficiency of maritime transport in the sub-region.
• regional Co-operation for the establishment of Coastal shipping services .. Feaslbilitv studies, which combine transhipment, feedering, intra-regional traffic and passenger service, revealed sufficient demand to justify the establishment of a sub-regional service. A promotional and commercial programme was, prepared to attract private sector participation.
• the second United Nations Transport and Communications Decade in Africa (1991-2000). The then M1NCONMAR has been active in seeking funding to implement important sub-regional projects, including those in the areas of bulk transportation, maritime insurance, and establishment of a Regional Maritime Docume.ntation, Research and Studie-s Institute.
• co-operation through the International Maritime Organization (fMO) on maritime safety and environmental protection. Eleven regional projects were on the
way; 1h6sB include developing Flag and Port State Control capabil ities, assistance for maritime administrations, regional work shops and seminars, the development of national regulation for fishing vessels, the finalization of national! regional oil spill contingency plans. However with tile establishment in 1998 of twa IMO Regional Coordinating offices in Abidjan and Accra, the above agenda was largely transferred tethese offices.
The period since 1999, focused on strengthening sub-regional co-operation and executing sub-regional maritime! transit transport projects ana programs. The period was characterised by drastic changes in the Mission and Direction of the Organization in order to achieve a sectoral integration of the. Member States in the field of Maritime and Transit Transport.
At an extraordinary session of the General Assembly of Ministers of Transport, held in Abidjan, in August 1999,
• the name MINCONMAR was changed to MOWCA.
• a revised set of objectives and a nev .Qrganizational structure was appro ed.
.a_ more self-reliant approach to the implementation of projects and programs through a new system offinancing was adopted. The member Stat-es dedded to establish a Regional Maritime Fund to provide a more sustainable mean of financing national and sub-regional maritime/transit transport projects and programs.
• the new MOWCA Mission : Towards achieving for the sub-region, a: costeffective maritime/trans-it transport service, high on safety, security and Iowan pollution.
Realizing MOWCA policy objectives: MOWCA projects and programs
• In the areas of maritime safety, security and environmental protection
- Development of Flag and Port State Control capabilities in West and Central Africa -Worked with IMO in convening three preparatory sub-regional meetings leading to the signing and the establishment in October 1999 of the Ahuja MOU on Port State Control : meant to implement IMO conventions on Port State control for the coordinated inspection of ships calling in the ports of the sub-region in order to keep off sub-standard vessels.
- integrated sub-regional coast guard network .: the aim of the project is to implementrelevant IMO conventions relating to providing security for ships, passengers and cargoes in the subregion's coastal waters against piracy, armed robbery and other Unlawful ActsI terrorism against Shipping (Implementation of the SUA convention) as well as against marine pollution and illegal exploitation of the resources of
MOWCA thereon pu rsued projects and programs meant to realize its new Mission. The projects include:
• In the area of cost-effectiveness of maritime/transit transport service:
- Coastal shipping service and subregional cabotage policy, intended to provide a cost-effective coastal shrpping service while fostering intra-Africantrade, and creating marine related jobs i this led to the establishment among others of ECOMARINE, Satomar coastal shipping co rn pan i es.
- Transit Transport facilitation and System of "Grille Plornbee" to promote the smooth and safe transit of cargoes th rough national borders, allowing for fluidity ef cargo traffic by road. This involves tfie implementation of the United Nations Almaty Programme of Action on Transit Transport.
• Development of Multimodal Transport and Logistics Services in the subregion
the exclusive economic zones of member States of the Organization
- Implementation of IMO's International Ship and Port facility Security (lSPS) code, Majority of MOWCA coastal member states are now compliant with the provisions of the code
- Strengthening and fostering cooperation among Maritime Academies in the sub-region. The maritime academies are STCW 95 compliant and turning out highly qualified cadets
• In the area of Information Flow:
- Centre for Information and Communications, whose purpose is to ensure the effective flow of information in the sub-region and to assist Port State Control activities for the coordinated inspection: of ships in the ports of the member States of the Organization i the up-loading of www.marlneafrlc.com
• In the area ef sustainable flnanclng of projects and programs
- Regional Maritime Fund and the establishment of a Regional Maritime Bank ; for sustainable financing of National and Regional maritime and transit transport projects/programs.
MOWCA has forged the ctose links with o wide rdnge of external portners. with concrete results.
Important pa.rtner organizations include the European Union, the Agence Canadienne pour Ie Developpernent lndustriel,
Transport Canada, Fonds d'Aide et de Cooperation (France), Administration General de Cooperation au Development (Belgium), the Government of Iceland, and the Korean International Cooperation Agency (KOICA).
MOWCA has also worked to sustain the achievements and continuance of such development projects, even after external financing has expired, by improving organlsational and financing approaches to their planning and execution.
Ewamples of recent technical co-operation projects and international partner organizations include:
• The liberalization I privatisation of shipping services, restructuring of shipper's Councils to make them more service-oriented, and private ~ sector participation in port operations.
The World Bank, under the Sub-Saharan African Transport Programme.
• The efficiency of maritime academies, maritime safety, security and environmental protection, flag and port state control implementation procedures, and facilitation of maritime transport.
The International Maritime Organization (IMOl
• Advanced Cargo Info rmation System (ACIS), computerization of Custom procedures (ASYCUDA), and multimodal transport networks.
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
• Promoting investment in coastal shipping services and ports.
UN Ecorrornic Commission for Africa (UNECA), UNCTAD, the Economic Communi of West African States (ECOWAS)
• I rnplementation of the Almaty Programme of Action on Transit Transport; addressing the special needs and problems of landlocked developing countries.
The United Nations Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Smallislantl Developing States (UN-OHRLlS)
• The Development of an African Maritime Charter, providing a framework for realizing the maritime objectives of the project teestablish an African Maritime Community.
The Afican Union.
ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE OF MOWCA SYS
GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF MINISTERS
Committee on maritime safety and environmental protection
Committee on Maritime Transport and auxiliary activities and economic
COMMITTEES / SPECIALISED ORGANS
FOCAL POINTS NATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
Committu on Specific problems of landlocked countrits
ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE OF GENERAL SECRETARIAT OF MOWCA
PORTS/ SmpPING AND MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT DEPARTMENT
MARITIME SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DEPARTMEN
in charge of external relations/ pubUc.ations/ conferences
MARITIME ORGANIZATION OF WEST
. AND CENTRAL AFRICA
B.P. V. 257 Abidjan
Republic of COTE DIVOIRE
Tel.: (225) 2021 71 15/202231 93 Fax: (225) 20 21 65 54/ 22 423802 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
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