Vi A arquitectura

~.:;..r

Co.egKa Oficial de ArqlJit,e'Ctos de Is. Comll,Jn - dad ValenciaJla

Habltar ,esvivir~ y vivir as c,o,nvivir con [a gente :1 eon Y' en le~ entorno, porq me' III a b itar, ha b ita m 0:5 ~ 0 al m e:1I1:0s esta mos i' en todo tlern poyen cua I~

qu la r IlUIga'r~ Es, U 11 00 n cep,~o' tan a rnplio que' po dr-jam ns pu b I i C,31r n ume-ro tras nume'ro con este titulo yo diistint:o :s,ubtitul!o _;y no, decim:o,s ,que' no [0' hagamos en un futuro-, perc el I'ug,ar prlrnero de ccnvivencia, donde uno pr~lm~ero 'v~ive!, es dentro de su FAMltl'A -cualquiera ique sea su concepto, unlones de he ch 0' 0 derecho, f,amUiiia,sm'o'Iii;OP,flt'0Inl'tales, famillas tradlelona,le:S;~TF--' qUBviciJ,ei len una CASA. La CASAl ta VIVI'ElNiD'Ag, es deride se da la

ce lrJiJwve ncla mas pu. ra, don d e man tfe stam 0 S nllJest.r,a~s n e ce s'~da.de s y s:dgene i a s, qu e p u ede n ser 'Ian difer,ente 51 co mod j"'e:r-enrtes so m os s'eg,iun educaclon, cultura, costurnbres, edad, ide,oh)giial. etc,

Por todo ~IOI anterier, ,e'l subtltulo de nuestro numero seria "casas, v~v,iendas 0' ,a~oj:amie'ntosi't ~ En la prirnera parte dei~ numere, Lucien Kroll ,escrllbe snhre la ccnstrucclon de casas y cludaees desde el reseete a la cultnra yo

~_ .OJ \:!,

a~ tas cestu rnblfles I referid 0 ta nto a ~'OI:S;, e spaclos, SUI form,iaJ 'Y LI SO~. com 0 a

lo,s; matertales y ,tie cnlc as co rlstrueUv,3Is,., P'edro, f e. d ue hi nos ha!b~a sob re I a co nvi v,enc i a :y If a '\Ihr~en day G rmetj e Las age centra e II tema if!! n I a casa ".1' S U:S Umitesw en cemo ha evo,lluchJonado en el: 'ti1empo y comlo, se rnanltiesta en ta casa Famsworth de: Mie:s, V.an der Robe y en la casa en Megomezawa de 'Toyo lto, [ntroducmendQln:us 'Brni el ccneepto JalP,ones d,el espacle y su ref,lej,o, en la 'v~ilienda.

E:s:tas idj'e'as se materializan en ~a segunda secclon de' la f"e:ryoi:s,t'a:; ~anto,

de sde' e I' PIU nto d e v~~sta de I a viivrne n d a p ~lbnc a en J31 IC[U da d , .. -donde S'B rec;,Qlglsn obras y proyectos de estudies helandeses y ,espanoh!;s .... ~ como desde el punto de vista de la 'vh/ienda ulI1if'amlii,ar -cen obras de ,ar,quitectos Japoneses, europeos yo espafieles. La! eleccton de Helanda 'Y Japan com 0 referencla extr 8[l1j ar a e no es C,3;S ual. H olanda se ;e~l~g,e p,o,r su 'tirad:i'cio'n en '\liivie,!'1llda, publica r~l ,JaiPon par' sus aportaclones die' concept,o del espacio nUJido y unltarlo, en la r'8'!la,eii'Dlti del suele y' el :pto,d[o~, del natlo, ... ~

Mercedes PlaneUes

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l. KROll 008 Mo(ll~~~li1idiid/(:ontempol' olnle id~d Mood'~'rmty/co nte rnpc r'.illne.ty

p, FEOlllCHI Oli 4 H~ bitaili" elm la ~ nJd~O'i:in~a U\i'i n,g in the and ro:gYlIlY

G. I!LESAGE 0(201 La e as a ,en la !i1l~~r,6p ol~. l'DS. Umite$ Th@ hOIl!! 50e d~ the melrO!l:l 01150- The IImil.s.

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MVRDV 0'30 Vi'li~~nda'$ silo H ousi ng sito

O~'i' 103,$ 1 '27' ~I[i)~lftameiiltos, IfHl 'Ir,ifa lle-r BOi!lfd t2'7' a par lrnents in \! a ter B o;!!lfd

ART" lA!\lJHlf; 1040 Allar I;~ mentes "',d@ .Ak~(.!l ,A.par i ments ·OE!' A k'8 r"

J. CANO lit$,$tO 104,4, \!,i~,i,e ndas de VPO en Va:lldeb ~'rn~rdo Subsided hou'SioK in Va'idetle rllla~do

J. ~AR'TUNE,Z I C, BAAV,O l!!i50 :1 :U. Vil!;liend1a::;, l~rIl V;!III debernardo 1. 31 Dw~11 ings, Oil Va~d eber ftain~Q

Eo Mr flUEZ I ~_, LO?£Z (N~~4)' lJMend,als, I~!a 'lI'oi~'aWtl'~1 Haysi n~,rs in "IiQI.3ina

,J- GARCtS liE" ~W~~;~ 058 IE:oific.vo d e' '~'II'li'iihn das el'l! T~ m~Miu lResid<e'nt.ia1 buildil'lg in Tamarm

C. B.ASSO l G. GiU OiEt! [d'ifi~.i~ d e '~i~ IHI das en 13 C~U@ R(I,~~U6

IJ rile' I lings, 1 n Ros,ell 0 Stn!~l

1M .. J. ,IFEO I V.AlONSO 106;6 ireS casas en el carmfiil0

Tn r€'f: heu Sf S a lon £ tiTle tan e:

~ • CORRAlES; l~li'iD 'Vi~efl'td~s, ~dQ$~d~~ I~n Tr~s, cantes, 1~lli"o. A. Mia nf M'e\II~ldO G roup or town ha u $~ S in life's C.a n t,OS.

IF. J, AiEyES I J. t, rOL Mt\r;OS 0'7,4 ,Ados~das en T:a'ileflru~'s IEn~ n gjllJiI);$ Town houses !D r.I T~b~fl!Ui~S BI anques

v. VlIDAL I L. ,A. D:E Af'U~l~O 07',8 Ca,s ~ ~n IP'oi®!s .~ous~ In F'oilO:)

s, B'1i;N1 108,2 C~15~ con CQrtiii~S en ~ap On Courta illl hou se i n J~p.a n

08,7 C,~15~ de gca pel eiilJalP6n PiJlPc,r tic! Ll511I1 In J a pan

N. F08~'~~ OSUJ Cals.! ~uu iijc~lalF en J~pon Prlva Ie h euse In J~lPa Iii

A_ YO~~E[liA 09'4 '\ilivi liNil da or b~rla ~ Ec:os; bl~nc(l'5," Ur ban dwe Ili~l5, "White eehees"

,J, TAMA~i 09,8: Ca,sa iDf!lJ iMu house

j, PAUEJA.I s. RQIG l r. ~Rir I J. IP,L,.ANA$ I ,JI. "iT'ORFi:[:$ I E:_ "'keinER' I T. AU1NtSO I

w. O. 1C~'RIGHli I ~_ ES·1ITE.ljff ]1 012: C3~~as en las rrliu'sas,;. 1ieltt~ T. IM~r~ Pitiu.:5 als houses

,C. SALAZA~ jl :1.4, C~;s~s, il'fflsel~6-Rll)sen6, H!~:s El'II'D' R os-e116 H nuses

C:, SAI..~ 1, 18 C~sal S~h31·Fn~nch S!,'il~·franch heuse

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J ~\11. !BcAIliIU M :1 :2,6 ProiP!;! esl~i par.a 1!iIUle'ol~$, '!3,I,!)jl:iJlrmiento's; PFO~ esers tor new accemedatlon

C. ,~RROro ]13,4, rodo· Ueno d@ i;!gU!l A 11 full cd i!!/~ll'9'r

:at 38 COrilCur:$O' r"'el'iabinitac:ion edl(j!!:lo' ColO m~r·Zurital 1911li1 fl· ~relna, Co 1.;;1 mer~Zur'i a bu ild~ng re ste re co m petltl ~n in MOrella

JI. M" TORRES, :at 48 I~'!ie rp r,e:t,a ci'l)ne:s

iso PlUbl'iddaid Acn'J~H tisi!'l g

Lucien K1'oU

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contempora _. eidad

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Modenityj contemporane"ty

l.tl~ .1U]Hi rectus, ~,Ih.t' ,LI:;UIl~" .. ..t:.t 10" ...!·,ll,iLK', .lljl;u •• I,):' n1;lr~in,I'L,,", ., lai (:"'. '{' .di..:[lm:m .1 Lm~\ ill.:.IJ~~r:. que .lClLl,lll'1('llj~' '!I'.: " 11[·ln."11 ~ob.lbJ~l.l;;.

1·,'t,L' ;1-..[lll.lJt·~ ·nL<J..k·rll;,ll~r, lam,. I rL~l,~\ lll~ ... t:"..L1.icln IL i ,n1(1~, Id .mran rapldamcme on rnuro .Imc lil dud J. I~ fllll..':'!{;. ,1 iili;I, 1,1 \~b:;~n·.,~i61' Lit- ,::.rli'".._': .::d~·r~' lmm.ma.\', { '1111

n.·'p.':u idiJd ilJ Iii I L,-m [n'''''~ mn~' hi 11 (hJ([II; " I ~11~ ru 01.:1 il1~,.Jcrll i~lnu" ~' "J (,ll'1"Pf d.:' 141 r;"JIn rL'"nlpnrJUL."(II". ~ilh'1..1 vn _1!LI:.gu i~';:(II.LI: ,1, urh~filiq~~1 ~ Y [Ii ,L IlL~.

1\, ..... -c rll":"n::j III :lh .... ILIJ14J d c [o.:};~'l.I!o. 11I:g.a[i~·ll~ ol..) ~.;~i).:~,>:

"1;1 11 ~ll11r,l.;rn,"n Ie ~1l'I[ .. H. I1f'1L ~ ,I n:' t~[II .1 r :,' ;1 .L('£U.u ~LIJI la rL~,)1 id,ld [lbo~l..·rv,Kb, "'i~'i\' '1. _I" I U I ~ .• I M:ji;LiIl Plrildo •• r<; "CI : r rrnlll n 4('Il(.lrr.11I LLiI :-,L.J;I(] Jt: .lmig:L1t'otbd Son nUl Ilql .tl 'II'I{, ' .... 111 i IllLJ 11:1110.

r...: IJL,M11' L4Jnl rli,m .. m.i .:mlJ' ,. mlk'Sl rj ti.'Jo1 mncien rr4l("'lLk II Jill n di!" [IJ~ PJLm~LV~ ij iliilll '>t.~...-lel :\ hl'\ nn It'IUIl \'hldr: mil :L (<JUli.'( .'~ tIL'llooigl" X.X) tiC" ,u lucha (111t1j\pm .... ,bIL' ~ll.lm II) 01.:.:1 ~U';'i:t,) ~""Omr,l no; I[l:)nt:.~I"t1II.; m'flm. mlih.""O.:til:-nh .. '!'o. lus rom :m['!("i"mm. b~ ~l"L!LI L iL~i II .... ltd Cl..:b.:[iL i-rno.

I\~f .. 'm~~, p.1 ra ..IIlcll~:""r' 1l!'.,1 nueva ILiClif..J,,:l, mJJll,'n".;m Llll ..!~~cIiJ1I'·k~ oCM el Inwn rnev imi~'nw c:k·ll'rL)!!:n ...... I~, Lk l.!i i:ndll'lrri.l, tid mcional i.mI41. ~I"I !...ik,.I4.I, ct .... Los Jirqu i~C'f:In' dl!' L~l.l '-1111('.;:[ cran l1,!i[ui~,,:'o ......... (un",lll-rJb.u 1 IIrI.;I ..... m,1 ). rr!£;1C.1m;;:-Il!<· rII i]IL~II[;Lr IlK"l. 1m poJi.111 m.k que .,I;h~r;c CI'1. 1m ~ilJl.HI'kIlh~ ~ILI~ h~I~' ~C' tr.Jl.t de ,!II.lliJ..lII', de f1..""'lyr, l .. lL bl)..:I!"".IIf de lil....w iruen .. ·ioll ... llrlJi,I.;"L

! b,V (lu,: ,1(:t:h.:;Jr ~II:- ... ·"~'lL.i.!1 1:"11 ;::SUI ronqu i:=;(,"L .rid :111 H[~· (;!I'lI1r:lJlia.ljmllU> JJlilil.J~ 1.1 n.du;;'Ir1,11 (j _!:}1.}r..-.1T b 'M."II..:L.b,J (JII.r L:L11141• 4.lbnI11~ulr bien ILl:" barrio. ri 'W Ik I"."~ 'l([hlC."';. 4.10::- k,oj. OOIlH.'rci,mrL'<: .., ('l' In ... I r~h.:.i.ld41.".:") .... ..I~[ i!91 .1..11 ccenomfa

L11 leu b 1'.;]11 pl~fI:':' ~Jw.i I ItILlt'l I..!Je!i- meiicaces fL.l r,1 ~jp:'11~~'.,( 11'1; .. ml!I,L:~I'> uuhismales (" admirer ('I;I ... nlllih"LCIIU.I fIJl.:-',l tit:

L~;t];Jr "" ......... au 1.:~1~1\',;'hl). ~ 1~I,~.1r ,I \1": nbrl:lL)'~ ... on Cill[q!.,~ri,l~ (~'" ,11~nJ' .. xhando 1.,11 'lI'::.'I~i[)Il. b ~'L\ It·n~.l ;';{I(·i.1I/. II~lrll'l,rI i r, 11 ( ... on' ~Tti~~C"i. I.lJll4. I('IS- ('Ih'L'"Tj~" con ! 1 I.I~ ~lo,.'['Iill'mh, vn

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Y eodo .. ::s.f{'l, inevrr •• bIL'I~lL:llI{" pr "p .• ~:,;Ilr.J. l.l~ !!.'I.Il:rl.u.: fue .r.rL"Q-....JrICl p-.1:1.Ic.'Lcr dol,.." ml~1 I r;.t_, ~11;Jr .. .JdJir ~1L1(, sc ~CW.1 nc .. iLT.ll1 ''';II·i.:L' ;!;('llo:r"LJ~,n~"'J F~,jr.l ",(.lmc.'[L£.;\f.'

nun ptn~d\:! h~ > .1 Ji:'l' I1l!;LLi r :..m ,·inr,;\lI4.l"" ~II~ ''')I'T.l~-:,r.rl"-'. 1.'4lLl!I."rtlil~ ..iIfLaJrr lou; .... ..!~lL1~ 1')1'1 c. 1 Jc 1("1:-' .w.n~ ;'il) 4.'mn:

I hurJLllll.,;'ll1'" ,l '[IItJmlI , ... d;J.'>l Id~ ,mtll nll!'CII"IIT,l~ 'I"A1Ci:Jhi'iil :L'I ;, [1:tiII, 'll!!o!:..i:'l1:iL" L~ ell tre las Jt: [.udWL~ ~,' iL', ... ~In Lin l{!,h c ~' I..k!! [!t: f\(!J.:n S~1«r y rr It.la' dL' .. ·)&lr"l..iJ .. u 1,1 k:,\\:fl~:tl ue mJ:!I1.1J41 bel .~ r.1 r;r ;o.~~ \?l"I.hl .. 4i['"1 OOd;lU~I1l~~ pow J..,;o i .... 1 i('"L, r'i!-l..I.l'[iJ..,ndn q_11: t' na.bL., 1."ln~ .. iJl" '1I~ V,'r;oiL IU':J. m ~"'.Ll:' \" qll~ 'iI:" cnl:l.l r,-""(."i~) ~~ "'{:r tIll(' pr..-r<;ri:u I :J S~)cLL 0 rambicn, U',)f_lr de 1l1(11'~ r.1 r b lmd LL'-.Llja I."'nU;: ~[,"h· ,:tr'IIIlILl mr.l~ ·\-O'1,11j~[;;]~·fll iunalc ..... ' . .;.:L~IllL~, "11r un LIJ.n 1.'1 pi C!~'f": [II ~Id h.m-l.1 ~ hl'll ilk;, ile .\ 11c~ F' p-ur j_.1~ r>l.J. las Jinur.i« .1 rtl !I I I L,\:I \I r.l \ 4~L·J ft.l~tnl~n n;u.i _I" de lu;u.1J c ...... rue IHlId"JI,j II Ij1{1 .. :IH' ':110:.: 114) <;t: Jr.:,,·iJi,lJl ;nj, pm J.m;! II LJH;! opcion: 1.11 :il1 i .. l~ Vn!k,,,,,,,;,,:!!-,"'" ~~r.: \~'uli~b ... ~ 0 d ........ miII1l141 Prm,L ~ II:" S km Lt..:

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['Llj~~mtt3 ell R~i~I'n :1 mill:.t\ (Id l:IJ1 U'l,(r. l'ero ~L<' ircd.} un O:.lf~lrIlJn. [~IIL' ... lLii I L'~.\ [)t'r escribi r. ~~ ~;:,liL.LoLl~) I t(HlluC' debe L::Ir.1. ir.i.· ... u d ~ltnl·id,', Ik h .[r~L"i~L·"CmJl )' Il\.l d de lo~ ;11't]lI~u\:;'i.·u~!>.

F~.1~ 1.:Ol'nnr,:~~i(111t:.':-.c pr.tclk.,b.1ln r.llil'O dnLltil Ltmlt>

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De hs mueh~ r '!r~ri .d:1r5l I"li'k!itifol".IS que 51:: b,ru" p,oo;d~J.ddo en esme sigJo am ntlacion a Ila ,iv:ie:ncla del bombre. ;ilqudlil que' ni:l}'bf' d'ifil...-i(iJn ;lIQn~, Y' :to.:jJI . .JCLOJl (I' ~hil.'ro pro(lu~, fue :'jin dmJrIi I~ st:m~ncia kco.rbuY'ITL:an:J ,d~ !;\ ~1l"''' OCknlO mJq'l/i~h1 tit.' htlbit6-r" Srl;'io:;lu semo, 1U!I1:l1 casa qLl>C'umptwi~ ~ a.~ri5mo 8Il'Mli'i,'!!, UIl:! \~ ilorii~n:«l.o:S1ll In~snlo de fi_mciolmUli~liJcu pal'<* quI;. S'U ~ n.ql!l.~linD rum~n:t;)~ Ct~mrul~iw co j~lcxolJilbL{''ill~cmto!? ~ h~bi:tillU en d~1~ Null, n'L~ <III~j!ldf;i ;;:I.:;: 10 que es fa IMititM'itfn, H;'lbi,~:l.cicr.n • .[_"s; decir, ~" rnxion,;O el'cmll dd ~1:rhi[:II·. ~ d: oO'UIi .indePflndc:ncL,t de 1;1 uillidi'lJr:: tlU(! (Cfigol d tup dOlidJi:' '. prl'ldm:c_ Solo ~uitre 1,10 d~C'C'l7mi llllI.d~, 'f'b.'tatlo de! ~r. aquel p~jS:ili1i'R11 rue qlle perrniee tltl ' se rroclLlZCiJ 131 ~jta~i&tl, P':J(I; hi rorruifl de ~l il L!!..'ti!I~)F'.l no eseah .. b.mda ;(.lIT! HIl;J expl ica i(:'n ran ]1J[(:rat t.:nia irn pJlj':.-ld(i.!1¢'l mcoo.5; directas r Jf~~ vis~I!;l]~. 'En st!bl't rode, 111 ifl1~t:n ![].tL:s11l1:1 d~ I" m<'ilJuinill la q!lJ: ~ prupulilt .

lttacer h'BJJimMe y 1\'00 !:i)noo d ani I JJ.:Ig:i0 POll'''' ~ ... .riJodU!clr ~a h:lbi~r:;:i6.IJ.

Medii:.'lIIl't-e- (..01] I~n~j" ..-,:aoom ~ q,",.e; h:l!hi.t;m'llO$ en r;W lOOQ..~ 1o" pmiiMB IU&!I1it'S exhrenu~ ("1'1 la tlerra, II! incluso en ~_"!!i :Lhnr.lJ Uamadoo: [11~':;'_!uga~ Sc h:lhi~a, en Ins islrui, de fa Pol i !1~~1., en Ias :5"l::h":i..'i ammH L'1.'3S , I~ pnlrcsioMl~ dd '1lul:uuc h:tbk:1!Il C'Ji I~ t~'{("f<U, los !~ti~·oro; de: I:l1dio 10 ha('.Cn en 1;);5. hendas, (]ol . i nremamas n b ~., 1-b101. ~05 rmJ~rt

)' f.,jITr:UJJJ1:i.~ JUlibitil:l1I 'f:.Iure f1QW~~- Phr.l h::llhi [, rr no tl!."OL."5i1'<-ulllOS ningu.n;;l miqLLLn><l, II!spoc-d<LIiz;!d~. E~ !1lSs. no cren <Iu...e nadie hii)!"jJj sido Gfpo'll; ili: g10 habl til.r. ;lIgunil "r~, 5ii se es, se habha en ~ .~i:"J:. For l"llltl~u, b, seres '111;1 mnnos b::Lhi,.'lmm J;O"I1 independencia (Ic ~,rut:Stlf.iL'S d ifoC'f1,;"'fidil.~ c::ulmmi!es iJi IIOO! lugarc .q [l1j;' ~I ij:lmM ,~rn iMKJ:'r ~ dIm [mOSI!,; h1bitaciCin.

!'ii lill'i (;~ • .( tiene lif'ti!ddo pam 'if rmrc.<;foooJes que ,i:I~~ nuesrro r.ie'mfXI' :I OO'mtliU iii' mlab"f·;:.dool;';.S" pemru: dJ,,:t~I:bl\rL"'I1l1{_'fll"". ::nmqu..e s6JII) S~ pm nnM nl)[}JJ1CII,m, l"'r~ ttl' qUlfo! .:1 h;,li~k;lJr representa 'pJlrn Ii'IIUesH,k actl ... irbicl, profol:5ioU;}~? SI If) m lerse, c::reo. pe'w [me senddo ~ cl mi:SlDlo del de eu.ihquier Q(ro :r hlJJUI:mo, I1T1JU-d, (!I px:o en hrnci<llfl de 1M ilfl[t~~ ~"OnJ,I~ de cada U11o., Sin J,,:11llb.wgc. rrn, :JKj,lI.l;U'C!'Os h~fl~ ell LlCl5ii(llB~ pensado ~ue h,ll:dGllf era :;dgo qi,W ~C;,lb..l ;a;pedftcalf11ef1I[,~ li~do.;1 nuesnos i!l1t-(!:reses prufesi(!'J1:d~ Ios ;llXJllirocrm; ,3, rnt.~lllidUi 1Jt'I1~mos qu~ n~ ~ Ik:i IiO haeer 'h;3_hi~r' a ITIUf':5.tru~ 'u.1:I.l'frllcnl~_riM cnr.no a ,11.ruOtro:!i nu~ :t;.u~mr(<"l h;.IJJ;efh Pern. 1;3 'lflt:Kbd es qYJii! no ni;li$ ak-jllJifnOO rnLl<i;hn ell!: It] qUI!: d IJ1;::("(:'".«I.'I) o 1M (;'()JnJmill"C5 m~;!; diC::I'3Bl. La i I :!.'"Jor fO!'!1li1 de Xrec!.itillr]U cs '~~.. .;'I! 10l .~'f'it(_Y1- eii.t <IIftil'1oi! ~~pu~r~_ :lfI:ellS1U ell h_.;u.~[' ~ 'CQ1'i ";:;lJp::'Iddad p.:4r.l:s:er mdqui'rI~ de h",hi!';mr 110 ~..5. wiD una m~dQrn P'1lfi1 eonsrruir v;jv.i.:;mh'i, IY.lrcci:da1i f(Jnlmlr'll~Jl'[' a las n1;iq:u:illa5 ,quo c1!;istilllll it r~ril'clp!,w.;; de naesrm :!>i£;I£I, ~ dr:r!1~'j_..,. rM~"(kr I.:. cssa .g)IflO un QOn.jU'l'HO 4: pi~'Z-~ que ,e.n~rnJl::rrJrus: ,p:f'lJ!Clu~t'IJ <k D¢l'nl inadas iilociun!3. Es. :a:;j8in::u fU:ndcm.e.o

a ctt1.-ldos ~p . ificLl:S 1Tl{.-di:lIlt.t! h irrstah.cion de, ;th.oT:1i s;f, In quin::li!O Cl'i1~\::iiLiz~<u, I~ espaejos COI\ <CS;U .SiYli",-inn.::s ~ Li Fi ides medl l'IT,e erra idea i:J.:h[(1I, tit: bl. vIYJJ;,:fifb mOO.C:rIIl::L, hi dl"' I~ (urc!J lacloncs, 11J.~;Ji qJLJ.C en 111 I et~ r('i;ri~, k"Corbusernana ~ dcnomin,1, pmmt.'41:lldr.:~,' 'ii'Q!llLJJ~ h;j1bl:Ji &ejado d.estl:c h:.td. bil:~t;1i!'li[f! riempo {~I!' I'l"Fuim ~n adu:~h';) :11 rnovilli;~lIm dJ;;; dar '1,l\Jd~<lS for,lu;m.c!tl dl"Cl:jL~ p~~ dcnomina r CS'C' dearnbular sin di ro:don. quc I r.:m:>Ltll pM U 111i v:ari::ld:t red de: 1;a5:. l.:!l casa como m:iquini1 de' h"hi en l,l.1hiil ree-mpl:u .. ::nlo '!.~ m~I;I~lDkl1 [0 de ~os 1iC'.QJrt(!:-o )' ml,".~'CrU'~!i;mru: por las ei rculaclon .s de :;ru5; inqu~1 i 11c!~, W~ espaeios que oonkmmm b v i ... i"l.:lnb se if1"IJ. . .;dctJl ;,"'Itr.J,~r' ~ib .menre, y ;1

I ['".JVL-=S de dlos.sc' e.s&;J.'bkoOr,:n enda una d~ las in"li:iOfl'!:S pilirtiQ!lhres p.<U'JI 1il..S qiJ~ fu~ron ,rlNi;ii:Hfm.

Estas d.o{oj id~!'. Ih il, I~, m.iquin:b-s y &'1.1 C'Orl!!ile(;I.R.'1!ldill dl ~'«!i, b de [as Cjm.lhfH::iofl~, son idi:'il.!'l n::tCid:L':j r !J. 11~OO roCllfl!ro ricmpo, ;LmINl~ en rel.adon O':IrD IllJllo.ng.i!'1l OOnlUJi'I ~):)S:f do en el COrttKimt!.'!'rIit.o mM~fioo cicnrrfiru lid ClJ!.'!'[VO h~ml;Jino. :ror il,':jcmpJo. ddJ~ I " MCltui ..... d h.nl1lhI1!' yea 11.0 Ila vtled,C(!! <1 ~r Ib, m;tquimll trn 1>1 quI,.'! h:rtbh::.1b:J. (:'jill s.us.t;1Ji.ci;li inm' r/;..'" rhl !(;l:l!Ie 'i!.[".J, d . .alm~. Lil divi~ion .d~JiJl -eM tlmnlm:. , . .miUJ ~ ~ dos Sl.l.'i[~JI1c::i;]r5; &velfS:lL; alma y C~teTllCll" (kjt) pa:sg a LLt1irt ,i!>OClJl mik mcc.3.l1.jrn" II.miI:<Lri;)j, I~J alma ]lcroi6 t:rmJii~ ~u inmiw~risJlidad, y p.1!'iO.i!, ~"f(lnlli1Jr unoa, pilll m~ tid (,":m:rpo. r~rH! imp~~r[:,m~!t!' s", ~>O ~mepll.'[~ a ]05' ckmis .(.~f!Q~ q Lit: (onmlillJ ~ ;;:-Jttm."O:trliJlm:l. m:tqunn:rri~. ,b, ~n.il. ~b HLS[;J.I'l:cial de b m3«:f~ tItle ilmLf'b,ba b vida dt:jO ijXJr ~t'iJr(U1;~ bl c::..1!Sa d('&h.olbi~2da., EJ <tInu r\~J;,: ~mpl..a.zad:J por d

dt::'il!'"ubrimi!:,11 W ,d'!; la (,]Jiall;l:.;J6n de' 11, :!;;iJ'J!!;R:, E.l cucrpo p;;J'::;6.. iI."iIlmllJl:~ a :il:'l." uniJ nj<iqlJ,ln~ '~d::IJ f.l'OiI" el rnnrl1it:i~~ .Juir c&_' h ::d;m!,:;1 d ~!". Illi~. fuem€ Imnsm· . t;t d . b \'i~ imuflada. dcsde I~ pulmones fior 1;1 respi r.ltion. 1\.."II[l1;) t"l1- d.m.lr'll en ;;!rJ;lJ"OC'';;!V I)[~i>; dt"CLLLW§; c:.'S.pL'1;:iiliz:.-dl)$;; PiJlr:I la &c: cn:m ~inf~ti(:;o~., !IXI1'i1 I" iillU;'KOm~tillt.qaciQn hn~t"¥'iOS{-..). ,~t • Con ~~tl st I, quicre p.l!n1j.U 'q ue ert '1:1 ,~;1ldo nUeil~ filTm:J d~ J,",bi~.- ~:;"L cO",~ldHni1.d~. clili griliJi lI1I'i~jdj Pl,.-vr bs i:tI.e-as qll~ 1i\0S: al~fIi)cmil:n. ~~ mill, proNbl~' que hi!!b~l"(!mo:s; im~gm r S!..·:lliil!i~II17 .. <.k- !;lj i~ quf" c~dJi,w. t1!dMl dc~ de 10. qtlr 1;;'1 h:abklr ,(~cbe ser, I'!s deci r, !l:111i1bj~u ~H;) es 11.1121 ;]OOa.1iI ~i&111:. OI_~Fi d frog~Ll. Q!)mD pod.-~'"L ~~ per 1;] p.JIula'tinili • dqlJisi('ion, y mejcra d.d ·a:mfvI.~ I siuo ''!Ill],:' b mi5.ma td~"'" de pll..~f\'s0 q!L1:(: Ii; _ !!Hknc' d 00 l1f1l iii' e~ it pl;t!§rni1- c~ci;n de 'U I' a im3~r\ ''lU,C ~::II ,dl: :seu ;'l'l"-li.t'i'i;;,t" poor ! 1:I!l'L1:iJI:i.l r; :& ruriDro ,ooi!l'lrfi(A~U' ..;nmil Ia CltIa. 3'dquien: taJl:'Ibl~n lef!J :5t! mg::~m}i1~16n d in Flu [o de atoS', ambios, L.1, iC<U:il. I m::d!r1. .. .tI. apenas ~.'f;f( un rcf.irJ~(I!,I~ rcu;]·o.-':luiS!1;a CUnii~tm'l. :i'L ,LIIi:pn~tr r .dinr.ibuir fia,~ f1:lJlciona. SO I) 'I: I. b {.~~ b rgtJ~;;a dd. XO::. se .aik .. t.n'f.' Ij ~i~Ii7 .. 1ddn ml11.p1~E3 d~ las hiiWi[<!.don~" I~"l prh1';,lldibnl. la 'hlgi.:;:n~. I", salud, I~ ~~is.lon dE'.! esrerior, 1:1$ ~~~~. I~ ;:d~~..::inl'll <0 d .!i~eamicilto, flotiuS estos IX!11CtP[,i:):!i; son ;m:ndEdo:!i por 11~.~s mOi"lck~1\":l en (\.l .. ndon. o no, d~ su dj\'~rsid.ld ii:lllrnmL Y. llo qUi:: C'i 111:1:. Cll:i'r;~oo ;;L'I • <C;,IiM Uf.I!Il

..:k estes Ideas rulrumJ '0;; ~ SL .Il'tihk de am(eccion:a:r !t1J tim ~d:!d((;: ~rr..u con lI:1!'t,'j!' I :aLtii' I~ ;~, [<jj .r. :!'!'-'dQ:n;;u in

1:1,lZ. ~" ulb. una J~ ~[;1_.$ ;.cclm~i!:'i rurinarias l3u~1I oonwrd~ ~n un rim, la T!:::.p'["f'1OIl:In~~~i1 i iiWn~~li;:mli:! de: 13. negac£On de un fi.mm; .. , 1...;11 cas .. ' oE'i lit rDrm:alil.3lGi4JIW de: nw;:Slro i:d;;;ilil, cl:C babi, [IU"" d n:flcjlJ! ~fi.'f;r tlll: Jijl!~tnL ~.P"'I hl..l.tdl de IJ::IIDitOl,t:i6n 'ClIiI~ ~~~'!;;;:scm (mimo.

~rm d~ t('ldoo 1([5. ~mbr{l!'i 'qLLI! h.J e.xfK'1illlli"llil;.nLv ,nLi~~!.ll CLlhuli";r. eneste t'ii,SlD que at:i.b.l, de b, ~d!'~ q~.f'C Ia . ri':d:ul hlll ido it'i01lrl~lr;1ir1d~ a ~I!I hn~i n.1.rno ·rulL-c. ivu, d!i: I. s n!l''\'';J;~ m';!!I1~l7iI5 d!: If!'C'ru.1:r:' ••• , de t (fQ ~II"" .. c~n q'LIe 10 q'l,l~ mis cUI~~nCJ"S ''''';11 :t l-=,nu en IIU.IL".5lrlll> fU~.LlIrn.<o; rorlnfi de; W~w. Y.il, a ser IA. 1[«~tTtlemr.aa6f1, ,~-I dOrmallllr1:i< [er.-riro:ri.aJ t.~~r,~ ci® ;por 1ili~;1 ~Lt'¢\':ll (mm:L de ooncebir liJoS; rcln:ionr.:s ,"flm:' !o:s, sao:;. t15 rdmo I~ ~inre ~I:: h;l!IJ;i.[:JJlJlJf~ De' los aIllirll" b~rD: qlll~ miC:5! F.II _socied;lld ha l!:")ip::rl rn-{'1~udo. hns.'1dns 'rl ~~ UOWLtmM ideas iJil,,~ l<t :reJ...rhridild, la ~ucb de d:ase!i, el iJ~';'}I)J, cien te 4) II!I rE'£.P"C1'O par <d bi~).lil1~hilitl1ll~; (.~ d .. ;'bt.11~dl'u.:; i1~m:; Irlol:i,w~ po.~ las ~~ei:\.(ll(l!gJ.'Il'! d~bjd:lS a .108 prn~[A, tdl'I'I1.iL1:too:;. bioqu~moco5. etc ntt'l;ld ''lilt: IfIlA)':Qr 'imlPlk~,ci6n '1~ :J i{:m:r :iC!bn: iilUr:-9U.1S fitItl~ c:J.."i:l. .. ; S£'F"~ b lOO.~nm~~ ('1(i~1 cC'rf;rori.1.l ql,!li; '::I,CilLr.m1.l:. R"tlt~Lll~-';}i'ru;~;';''j,fI <I~ Ins ~i({j(;~ I~!i mll!'h'I~ ·oomlJin!lru[~ ~Ii"d'l,!-.l(~", del nuevo po'I.pel. qm:: Ii], im j..:: ha OO'!..ll .do en J~ SQ![i~d ;J("tuill.

Le l)rin~C'OOj qUI! klbria qu~ d.ecilJ:' de ~!';il, I1iLI.(::\~ romn de n:nitori:bli.hd qw: hi mtlF (m::i.it;I1[:Ji.1. (:lj~ impul titldo IL,":i1 su hog.vl ~ B:t. .1?~""5kV.i, d~ x Ui~~"'.:r;;;~['j de 1M espacios d'lm6i.tiD~!ij. La ~~i'il, Crld3fl ~.;': m:is !,II!. [!!uriimriD dii..·iilido ~~Iit ml;~ (IC~i;rJ1lil1~K~.on se:uliilf ~flCeJfllQ y &:ne .... lifza'h'le. 8 contraeo t[,I:t':ll{J1'iill '''tiJ'' aarwa '( .- .. di.\-isidti. e5p.i.Ci~ ii! frodlLl~ d.-.l 6tlh~ 1:3. blt.';{!, di! ICI' in;Jh'id~1i1I Yo CiJ.d~ ·vet menDS como re;!';Fl<ljJ~L'1~ ~i ti i1 ,&dig!.! f}~t .. b~ldo. d~sd.e rucrili ~If.i quien: J,i,."!:;:ir q,uc IDUt::SlI:m"S Cib'!~ 'it~!~i'i ~[;u'&iJi Jjviidi~ en P;)jj"(~ ";;:n dlil ~lidliir p.~ :si!lI;iDmrel.:nos. St.--;!I;,u.3lb I~~de.,~m~il1l;]OOs_ QUi! qu,ed~ d~ru Qf1t1.:' de III 'lUie illb.Cirn h.nhhmm ('1O.d!e li'Ii!j ~ .C'11i las qlN: se ~[.hjrn en oo.mLLIli,&,J. es door, en h:'i: ~IIE' !O(! oohJbi tti. B..,. :tqlJdb,:~ d~ un:l! sob pciR1n~ Ii'll 1.;!~r:i{(lof11;)JJd"d e" U !lieu, .0 CI.'J!Til) r.lJmdm illHU~L'lc.i>td.." p II' cl oomprum~ I;;'fill~1. i.n-d:lvid~o 'l wd.;-d:lld.

CU:lnr!o :.1 ~i n:;,IJ<\' dd 'iSI~} p~~d(i;. Rc;ibc[1~ L S[e\/C'llSOn {".;!il;rih~6 ,!:'n. tI bfCl,.r;: ,j];,p'{L~f:tdo I:Iculad.rn fA Onri 1M. "';I]loLrido y muju,i:khen ,t.I~U" -r de wndQs 4;1!,l~n;o:s; de- i:rnh~jl!J" (p."ig. 37. M .. drld,. '19:RO)" :no bad:l ni:ilo 'libJ.C'~~n~ fu qLN J#I \, sitlU:l.CI una mc.licli.d .. ~icl .;I, Sd]':).ru, iii.il:lidir, "IlO dOCldi~I'j;iO;r,~c' ~ im, .dill' d ~nruarID d£ b. if:5'po3:I. mi!: di ,jJo 'ill d~l hombre", .rlIenl)'![M un;} ;l~:rhi~d !:od:wi..., ,I11JU,y &..-udC)["".l d~ .lhi dJvist.6:n, de' S~fI;$ imjpil!ri3.!i1 (eo i[,":fl ~u ~~. Sun 'I:tl1Ilw-;g;o,OIl eqllipar.arSl! '10$ ~))oo, m~~I),gua $U, ([i;versidad. lcJ que ;a ~9 ~ e-..5t·i1J >IIe:JiIl'r;e-ando 113. c1CS<1f1{1ri'{.;oiil dd ~jOgtH' tr.l.didoflcl. a fLl.cgo IqLlA: '~~lI1im" UllIil '",ida :h;:;rhil'olcb ('''iIJ d 'I:rocimili'tl~u y' tI~froll~ dll! un;) ~ln[:6:n mmLin es: mH·!. IAd~ ooml,urida ~ In rnmp!~i't~ ·ilF.j·riod;l;id_ L1 d~p.:t[ljcil6:n ckl htl'@t tI ... ~~;j ~!TIp.]~mE'rJi[:U'Lcd:td" e5 b :;iIp1llll"iciDili <ili: tlfI 'ci~o dC' h;lbh:lill' tl'" IL(i J1!~.:eSit;l i1$ign;;r . .- genc:rm [L"rri~ilJrlilb. ~,~'r ... dkkmal~ R:iar;Jm;m.:s ~ llrul vism- m -liru;l~ {·.of ~;}S .~_ .!IS de. h~ho <Jju.e (JeJ:llP3n li:kt ~p",:coo·~ dl:' Iii!, CI.'m dl: tJi/i!.;ill"1'1~ nI;4J'i11;...gO$i1-

,H cia d6fid, nO$: IJewJrn e5!I icndenci:il i> cqLliirlQr.td61!11~ ;.Scr¢ffiO:i ~ cecS de- lJ9bitllf It!!. ndos ,de; UJ!,!~ i1,:llj;;) $itDi g.ctL'l:roo ~IW~ll!;:St~ ~S.;)bKmO!i ,;:rroil'i.od~mlJo:ii Ii iii ~~dOfl de JQ qr,:,H: p.;::!d.-iamlos ~I:iilm[lf hltb<lit.'lr I~ :''l:l1dm-giT1i~? No .no:> rnb ... dkl.da q~w b re.;PU.\t".1irol ~ C'On'i1J! :s,1!;;:mJ'~. anA'llIl:ud'o';!" Y 'o;Hf.K'! ~u."f.JJpre, ill1ll:ompk'1R. cO j'l1~ b~m. d.::l"liCf~J]'IjJfl ,tk.rci mm.u:L' t rb't? .Ante mdo, d;;: to ~'u~ 111!} ~I\'m~ r:n:'!il~mir e& (l'e' ser ~QS prj~m~ .hilbjJCi'IJlfE' ilk· b es;p;1cim ,de la IDdr~:.-gini~- ~~n:kmID5 .t dD$ po'b.~ y a.ncii1nOO h;ljb.iml~t~ {Ie Ile l~ri,l!l.n:J dr:- i:l;CttJtb.~ ,Baucis r ,pj[(:ifI:ICln qUI:: h::rhiil'lb<lill "'0 ~na hl"lmil!tk c:JS;J ,OO~l ruLi,'fiDI UI!l rmj,,; '~~ qLLC ~n urm ~6br~. nud,.c' :K.og.~n O'J~I hl}~t~i(.bd ,dE r.11.(J,fI[;3Je';5.::I1 ill i'FlO' Jl~ph~r )I :lj .S'U padre, OTIdio. Cil :ru, MFJfIlIlil:rpsh. mrr.s: dric<i! aI R'Cmd.mr .1:11. ca:i~ ".,Y no impl).t1[:3. li.1t1Ji! :riUll:lIwque5 <I iJGlrh 5: Y $,h:':f!J,'O:i: los diOOi corutilLL)'l'n rod~ ~ ~ }' nheiloa::n y ~rdcrmn [0 ini~11~ct •• 1, t1f1 i 0 prob.I'2'lT~OIi rC'iid~ (:I!I. d

.d :stino ,,1 !iii' C fenian k~'I"'YMlCl' ~O.:i dJo~ Wl~ '!,;~ ~i. L'l humikL'e- Cl.lKul:l. h."Ihil3d1i .~~f' J j'lJ)-lW. 'r dlignm ,!I!IJdm:'J.m;, K IIY.Ilb ... ini~ ell Ulili [.(!'mplo t.hn'LaaJ!JC' Y ~pI>llld«k1n'[,~ B que penn:1!.rL'l"Cil:'lUi'i. unitLrn: h~ra I~ mll-l!rt~ ii~pre ru.'iit~,dn pt'lF dlm_ Como :110 Il~ &fa ~:c'j;" iL'lil:,j,(OIlo. po" \'Oo1mu::rd dE: ~O'i diO'5CS 1:3, IT'IU':':i'I:(: ~ . stJbn:: lim 0IJl mb:r:!.1Q [~I:JU.l?~J, Dill II"crl'ir::ndiJIlilirtglmD d.e dlo:.; ~iJiI: .i!!ufrh.~ b fk-W.id.l'L 01 m.rn. SMaJ~rpoS. m ~r.nirnd pm '1". h(~i~dad qll!l.edem<!5- rn:r.mn ::rJ :Jooger :I. t:'".J1I1 ilL'ii~n~ h&pjt'il:i'" f~I;o]IDn i;Q.!1.'I{i!I~idDS ifill ~rbol~ ...,l VC"l, IlIn ~j~dn lUi;lI y bln::'I! tmmBD3a. ,t:n-ci." 1I1I:IL Conftrul1!l;O! qal" hsrbi .. ndu I .. ndrogiq~ .. I1U~)[ro"l5 '~1:5; ,no Y.: trnm..i liJ.ooen Gtl'lllJ~~!l ~f'!1 ~IULl~trios. ill it'ilJ1JJoJMI arr;.f:U.pxiiQm.~ d!:: a:kliui r v~I:]~" Yrl ~ i'i;~'~. q~u; d peii.gro de las [1JO'iq ... im'~ de h. hj~_r h:!i :;id\il.. !!.k:"'!l:k h::t.(1· ,aJI,"Iin [mem,p;il'1 ~u qLICI!("[JOoli III qued. i'S~ ~~b.L'!.i,!S, n~oo, 1m .;::s. .lnllf.lJi;!nI:C!1 p:Jm l'X::1l,1\l"mr. lirr lV$ :rtIbom dd milenl:C! !line: se no.s ... ~iii.:m: ~i1cini:i. IliO 'L. d:t.:.dilm 0 S 'Pt.n ~mo rnrr d. 'UILdlX)S Y 1[<C'r:miiHJ:III" rome d film'1 dt, I, ant.: ioo CY.o.arrrUD:IOI di: 1bnm:k Meritk,..; C.'lJlillnd@ ~ii'i.: 1 . pi~~r,as ii1rn4 I ]~]nmn J QLlC' van !Ii Ii13lu:-r.' J ,~ :;:r:ml)j~t:s.

Of ~hr,; ,f!II"l~y \'!!!r.i~ [IJ}~~lh(jlr.'i or m:ulilrind;s d~~II.iIlilSJ5' th:ill: ,thiii (~ruiily M!.'lli prod"~ed, dle ene tho ~ hili br:~;rr;u.n.e bes-Iklil;tJMI,!:Ii ar.J.d, umused ifb_q! .G!~[l:'St acn'P.mn~ or ru'jm~J'I 1~, m~J.ag"~l:Jdly L~ C®rhi~:;tof~ llkHla1 .<IiID u I' Illl~ h:ou~ b~illg :1 ma-cbinr: :l'Or li~i n;g, in, Srrirtl:y, :s.p~~kir'ig. ;a 1~1!)lt.t d1"~ fulml~ ILhb, m!l:(irn 'l'foCutd ~!I'\'l::, !I;i!1C::~' il::5, ~I?i=rnting 11Dec:h[JIh~lIli!!j ~rnfi'!l: btLU'tl1i W<i~ p~~. ,fu.", i~, ':oi!fli;lifll!: 1fQ1 h~.Gi.FIJ m U''''f: in It, ,oomplLlll3i"dy [md iTl(''1'K!'r'..Lhl)1;. Nurl-li Il~ O'JuJ~ iJo..l' fUfIJM' 11'.grn hab<L~lJd,,~~" ,H:I!lilhntiof!., Ir.h..1i is; [D say i:ih~' 3rt clir ~Llh of in h:liib'iting O~ d~mf1g;, ls ind!:'J.J(:fI,(llt!m Or Ill~e' ~llJal~dC;,'i, C~f r'h(' pl<i~ whi:1'"e :iJi: mJ~ pJ:m::. h: OJily lR.'qUMreta a p3fltirubr ~t3l~ ti'f ~ilg, pi'!fd~dy ~~ which lbJ1Q'W~ i'l;'!hi~ . .J~Qn Ie l;;!Ike IJl:iu. E-I~r, iihe:: popnllariay or·D...e C®rfiwiIL.'1i"s m~t~phor 'WaS lWJ due ~o such '::I.lil.\e'.rn.t ~hl1;;lJjjl!fl. J:'i;!O iD'L,P,girnti'om; W~~ ~ d i ~~ ~iid nilor,t 'ljI~u~l, II Wil;~ ~hri~~ ~II, rhe im;1¥ of [he nll:II:~ljnJ: earher di:in ~h!'.: {ll",in:' tu pp.Jd~L\,'t: hiLbi&:l~iun liiIl! ~Ieh ~b'( il propos.Kll m m~~ h~M[~'b!J~

-11lroU~b b~j;J.'i&!. ,\ce.ire ,l'j\'i,'~~ ch~u ,",~' inh:1.hl, ;l1.mmM[",i!\1"~,r:~f p![l~bte pb.c~ thnr ~:!i~ un ruth. in-dllidlLl,g ~''13,;~~' an; tLUW kilHftVjl ib IllQn-pJ<I!~. ThE Pblyncsi:m ,W:tnd.!;. :lind! ~hi: AmiiZerli rai D .. fu~t· ~ iM:ilbl~ wrry-dli\\e~ i~h!3hit the ,ru.ag~. ~d~[r!:r!i' il1lhahlI dB'::: scmmdl"w'OO'S, io;~~['m,ljlJlt5 inh".bi~ rK~ w.l!b- JZ'Ii'oC\fi I he: dolt! ijncllllh.6'i[~ d .... ell amon;a us; W~ (ill) ,noc n~d .'I.n~¥ :5ipOOrul:i.sfitl. m:a!:hb~1;': ~ ~iitl.ct m iM~il. NiD""'"01IIilr. ~ do ner hcJk v -e' [h~n ::illi/one' h9i50 rl'irU bi:!i:1li :l!h:i.rr. [lL'I nor illha.h~t, AJJ 'WhKh tiJlft: Lnbililhi~ wei .. !),:In.g,., ,AJ; :'I, l'I:l'julr. 'M':.' hmn::1 n bcilil:g?ii inhabit irre!>"'jJltailfli: tJ 9LH" rultl!.lrn.l di [~rer~!X;:,: ;u~d, o.f Ih~ ~I~~ \1'11; of,;hoiJS~ [0. nl!:Iikc- OUf fuJbir3nolil or dwdl ili~,

T.hjs ~ilf'i.g !'O" does j~ raake ~nr ~IW; ~')r '!.'I.~ ..... he ~~'),ffld nur li:irrrt~ ron!itm~[ing hailJ.;]i[;itl(iiU ~v ~cup and d link. if orLiy full' u foi::w D}UI~li;fll~~, 'L'bnnr wh~ [ inh:Jl:iilii~]~ rneons :fCr om prnfa;siM.ilJ ,:'i"f.i.v,i~~ I b~'IJ~, i[ dees, b!.!.t ill :Ii ~~ thar Is rl~~ same ,:J.:S ror ;:]Jlf odu!r .n1l[nIl.1I1I b!:ing: mOR '00' ~i;!'Ml,.ro, d('~mtii:'i.~ rO!'i ~(h nr.te"i=l, f~J'!;]1 LnI[~f5!I"S.. 'Hr:1iw'evcr~ w"C'

arch i,teas have mJ1tI(!lilt:l~ rhuugSit t.htll~ jfJ~i~[)ltW'Lg '~l,~ :5-Qm~~hung. d~::II!: '!A':IS ~per::.ifiC:1lt; ... Jrlillt«l; '[0 our pmf\.~~1iw]~ ~llte'l:"('st!>., \~ h.a"re oftel~1 djl3li-sh~ 11,."" ~ \'I,~rc «011:[!kd (II) Tll;:iike nur U!'Oi!fS Inhabit" in 'the: way ~ wou.M l~~ ~O; :alunmgh tJl~ crulh is [h_Qr~. WI: .J.o nvt ;J£ul~l~ ('l;ep:ll'l '~'l" (iU fr.r::rm whnt· [be:: m:lirktt Of r;.~ .a]cmc(l! C~) us, The 'i,x:s~ d~nilO~1L.lid;!)n of \,1,,1Ull T :;rJl~ ~i I1S b k Cori:JU!iiiA:!r5 .di!:R.l1I1I1. ]Q, conceive !Uf b;l1]M~rt,g. ~~IJ!'l~~ I h:u :<iii"(: O!!fi;llI:~l~ ,rr1f b.::ing t'll:i'".j~hi I.'i~ for. ~;\'m,~ In i~ 00;[ Dnly ~ mi:li:1phctir ro.r buil)d;itlS dwell i:iil~ 'WLth i] c(lirmill ~i!~IbI~I~~ !pO Jte muchiaes 'dmt W!;,.Fe ~QUJlld iIi~ 'chI!' begirtr.l![l1~ of tlli~ c~ll'rul)I" it rulso; rnm!i1S 'i.hl'd~~fHiil'~~ ,'he hfl;lJ!';~ ,'1'" -:J; ~~i~ (If ~ that m~l to lP"'J"odua: :ipt.'Cific actions, it In~J1S ~~t~ng; fUn,,~ior'l;t], (0 ;:;,~iA(' ~pru:'CS by ~1lis.t:.1mr;i ~p«:l:ili&«l: mtlcb lnes (rh~Ji 'drn~ lik~IM. Th~ ~~8 ~ MSt.g.ned 'l~ !a!llii~~ by ;u~[[r6: r hruic am-Ct!pt Dr [h(:! nm.dem ,d; ..... -dlurtg.; dl'C.uhci©iit. ]11 14 CU~~~'!l, n~I:i[;)jpbo, Ihas fd c3rU~, "'p1"QlI11~n:lt1~.,_ Caocubii.LnS, hold io:nS c!M~~ !II!) ~t (lli"C[usi",'cl), eo goun;g rel!ln.clJ and round in dll'Cr~ .rtl']d h .. d II;O~C tiJI .rrl.'ClI!m the ''r;v.mdl""s.in,m; ill i~O P.i~ticLlbr d i r''UfiOQ rhil~ rno~o:; .:11QIIII,1;. :li ~rLt:d m::['l.-'iI[[rk o.f r.zyIJIf~- The: I~OLL~ :lll'i nmdni.nl<! rDr ~i~in.s: in .:s1Ji~cirutN d~ d~[J.I ... ~k)~ (if h~ l!l!.ntLll'r!i tor: the 'Im~ml:'im:s C!f !i1'rll1~ JlllIcir.noch:m ISms, The '!i.lUCC!'!i DhM' iiliiilh u~ !h~ d:w=cllintg: C41Q be ii;:fi;kif,(ld ~i~ and ic: 'is throua;,h [~It'1:D dmt ~,",I L {.[ ~hl; [J'lIlnljrular. :ilctiO'Jict fUI '~'1hic.h thi!1 ~r.;; ~rgt~d is ~~'3hl ii5-hcd_

lfr~~ ['iWri) i~, dUL1 of dl~ mathim~: ~nd, d~~~ !Of drr(:u.J.;.iiirllin. Lt,s, dii:mr;t «iirurcqu;:"~'. 'Illet'! 11m Mm SCi' long: :tgrPc Th'i..'Y ;i:(e ~I~ h ~ii!!(I;d In :II cnmmol'L o:ri,~n ~..c:d r1:in ihl! .oci~n:ri6c J1I1d ,phill!sophicod ~ow~-d.&C (if' the human badr. I~r eK',.:i_~~I)k. ~~ since L'l .~uil!', nJ~n ~Mrus. ,C(.~ t~ ~ 1M' nt'}dti~lll: .. 141~f(!: &,,<c::h iJh~~ :imn1.J~ri.;::r1 5L1.'b:mmre. lh.: :!rVu~, Til'!!' du;u, dh"'s:I.ou of man ~ Lh~' UUit!'J1 ..,f ifl\~' ~'Pm~' ~!.lJ1x;~ ... n~; Ib&-ny ::J.nd !1O'lJ1. ~ w~ r~ ,J, 'Ilwre lll~(ihj,mLa~ :llru:l. 'LI n Imry yiCI'f, The .r.oul LC!S~ 'iu i fI1 fi1~n:timji~ .n ,thi;;; ,poin( ;:iI.Ilid brom:illi:' ,an£ithu ,p;.ll't liIf th;:- ~r. ,'m ill~pO!fI[";lm IJan, :a.dmiu~By. bLLC: sil ~lUjj' !O d~1; (Io1h(:t' L'!!~ru m,u form r.h15, or[rn.rnm:Jinru-y m;:!c~ ifu:ry, T~w :mh~lI";lnfi;d ki&5 ;[If Ihl!' ~k.:mQn [ 1J1~u" h~d r..~hi;;-d lift': intO' LhL' ~ .Ie1it dl~ nnm~ unillhilblt;:d, The- ~(1iul W,l .... :rrep~~ h:Y ['h"l:.': J.&OVJ::I)" of (he' ci m~lil~inn of illi!: b.l~ ~nd tin,;: 'bod)' ~~ iii i:1i1Oi~l\i'i1C" Ul;iill: '\,¥,"-~ i r.ri,~~[~, ~l¥ ~bt: CDru,"1.1lnt Arm !lIt..he nurrili,,~ blooJ" [.h.:- IDLI rce of Ihl! i:r.m:.s;1l1iS5i:on il:If the lif~ thi:'ll~ is I:!;~fh~d i f'J!EtlI C"h~ 1:iC&Y, b.y tmr:!3.I13, r~r the 11Il1lt1. durL~ m1pi.n:nloll,. I[ WliL'i tl,ot tOllg be't~ oc.h~~ ~:i~IL'>Io-,d, d~'~I~1;S m:tod~' dlli:ir ;lipprnrma:: ,ddbj[~ <~m1I,1?lt.ol1 ie .... )'~l~). inkrcoll'iiiIT.l'lLlti(:;Lti~~11 [nCCirvom ~~~m) ~

ll~p~l!: :iI~11 h i~. I \'Iffl~d.d w ... ~ r:,rj, rhi nlr: lh::n, ibllSiiadJy. (]in trliril11 of i~il~~bittl ~ ~ (;tl!I1i"LiItI'tl:riad [1iJ! ~, g~~f. e,''H~.~~ by [b~ id'~ ~aI !!Ou;ri~h [.15, lr i..!,; hi~'hly like.ty th:rlt 'I,'OC' d'Wt:ll. ill. tliii:' i im'lfjC .tnd Ijkcll~ ,fJ;r ~c: i oejll rJl~J[ il:;iclJ ~oocry 11;15 ~r !O\iJ"Iilr d\\\r.llin.;l;ll, shanlld. 'Ix" Th.:it ~ II)IJ! !l1r,l', cl",!.~IIiri'.I; i.:. rl~~ :;i.fl, ~I;~ivll 1f;i~11.I1KrNl oMl.ib [proyes.!i, .as mi.&h~ 1Ix-1x~i~d dli.h· to d,1o':! g,rndmLl .oItqll.ll~lriDI1 t:!f :::ind iiUpM"t.'ffiem .. ~ i fI. ~omrom r:i[,'Il!:~r, I.'hr:: ~~1!lI"f idl"lil cf prn.~ that ili!;'lud~ OJ\Inf1.:ln l~ d-Ae' llt'If1t!:'ritti.ilmlCI!yjl. gf iii" im~ d1i!.t P_~ii[ b~ ;lI(M~ b.II ~'i1inr.- ~t" it; I nf,l"['Q.1.i"t; ro 8'.'e 11] 1';,'11 ~hC' .IJO~'. ~!1 k::. (]:r,~ j""uion" .dsn 'ab:rimt~ Pl~ iJl!1~oe of lt6£sl!' ch.rt.r:I~, ,f'r,.ikd~1 'ht'J~Iio~ W~FI!! Ii tr](! ~ dl:1fl dldJt~I5 •. -ne ~~~L'i!'1;l!ft~ 'MgaF.li ~ dhfid~ J.:nd di!:;tribu b~ [h'~ fUJ:u;:(iouli:!;, II wJiI. U!iJ!!' u~!il I[he btlLL~:i.5 &tOO!;!:' of t~!: ~ 9dm Ofi]itu rr Lh~.~ ,oomp~cte 5peci~1~iwlj.IJn 1Ji~ the nmrtlN; Wrl .- chl~" Prh'ilq. h'VtJ'lll!:'. heahh. £ee.i:ng C!ui, Yis [.a.!P , ;.Ii, il.il.d, ~oo :;tr~ ~II ~Oll~p'rb th.at :Il.1'!<! .Jd~d 6r dl~ dwdJ~r:5 ,:KIOOrdi!l'!i£; to their cuJmr.lJ di-~rsiiy C!f" '!JjthlM'W~,. \l:."h,u i~ I;:M'!i!JI nw~ :rItr.:n'llge ;'In!:l inlt:~cing is ~har c;::]cn (~r ~hl;':5f! OI.Ij~r.nl ,idca!s, ill ap.abk of c~ti'n~ ~r,s :;is.;;.n~~I~ rin~,'O:: Ifl<Cl::i n~ u.p\. l1JI~niDS fi1;jl!' ""'i [1..d~'f!Afl'1. n..1m~nl o.n the H~lt. CI.C ad; '! .. "r di~ rulHiil~ :;tC[i~J~ 1irll11 Ixolm~ a nn!, [he: UJ1~ODXi:uUI> ~-p~rr ~~iil.!1. or I[n~ ne;!J.[iDJ1 of iI. inlli.lma, "nl~ !tOil&!: i.s d'e f(l;l'ii'imm ~c;li~iiollL aF mu ifll~1 cr d.'Wt!1I i'I1~, It~ (;'. ... ~ ... rJj'ill n::fi~OCiT.l. of OL~r JIb~ irty 00 d~,""d,1 "_,,,itfll. out (JIViil iJJtrl~!l' ~

I,b,,-'I,"i::1ft.r. of.a.ll die drnn,Ii\.~ ow Mm~ h~6. IUIi(Ji;::rgmll! m.-'(!r rrhf: cemrull')' Llmt ii m:rw ~rkfLl1~. uf oiIH ~he- .111 j]~m:ljei [h~ [ !ilXl£ty hil.!i illlrur~t"J.[~ ifnI) irn Il;O:IIer;;lh~ iTIl;.lj,~n:1!tion., of:311 th~ :ooJi wa:f,!o of ~hhlkjDg ilill>d $0 on, I bdi~ dmllt Wl1..1t ,...,."JI hJil,\'t: the: ~[~1: OO!Moll.'(ll,_l\(,"iI~~ (~r cur nl:!;\', ruiJl.l n: frum~ 'iJoF ~itl'l!rlh~~h~G wlil i be ;1, ~Huc[uri ng cd" thi: '[r:ITi~.o~i:.tl dtI'iw~ili'll; gfj.~'~moo 'bJ.r .:I I1I~V .... 'ny of ~Dnce".ivjn~ d~ :m~hHju;J.I-'~h.iE) ~~n .:I1;Z: ~i:B, i:h~ I"ebti(]l1IShiips b~~lm • Itt; dwll!ll~fJ_ Of ;:lin [h~ ch9il!li,Sl"!i l~l:t1i C!ur !.OCiety hilS ~p,",rkl~eca I:r~,.~ Oni [he lIlO'!id id!:'AS ailxmt n:hci\i~tr. Ih~ ,dlOiS) 51mr,m;!e. [he unam~i;l!m;: Uf W~'rJ"L fo:l:' !!:1M:' b~(io-o;lo"rr:!li n:lmfj~llli[ !!:if (In tl:ba:ril:' tb-ii:t rudmof.ogy h:M i n~pired. ~h::tnh tJ1l! [C:!!~:ljciic. hii1}cl~e.lifli(.:,i'l. ~~ prog,rl,."SS, id'L(: f)~ I[hll.~ w'i1l h3i~ th~ g~l'~t i"111 r,,1ie::!tkm~ f(l;r mu nm.'l!l.! hLl1;l5~ , ... iJJ be" th~

t'l!'rr.iloOJ:'i. .. 1 nrurg;ullisz!dO,f!, ~h::n is Ib'I'IJ!L~g;u: ahoui: by OC-P.I:::I(;III,g rL.~NL." ~:«.'S. on "I~ r;:qLLil rOCiti~g, rhe llO\/ OOJubin.l.tOCH'I:&: d~rr..-..:d from th: ft~\1 role d,~r ",ml1wn have [3k-l"lll en ill our present ~ety.

Tlse CJtr.i1 tlliufl; tl~:J1 irUIlL-:t b~ !!oOtid, <l1:1I;)!LJ!~: thi$ !I~ SCLzhlR' of ~tri torl..illity, tltj~ Wl~i'iI1 W()mCi'JiI are r!;,m~rl i n~, in Irhi!i r !hOWl(,!§; is rhn the dr~ml~t.ic :!>1Jtl(gS. ~nr grjdtlililly lK:OO!lI1i~!ilI,g. deieUI!~~- LIb!::' house '~'!!lll i rt-t'I"!t;;'Ldnglyl'leooTIM:: :l! '~~!"rJ~nry ~'1ht.."I11!" d~i:: cli ... isions de:! not R':s,pond, '~.o ,~ .s:~clfk ,j:l,M ~r.It~.f;}i~l:iIi! s.c~u:lll, n\t_·t'i!rmi nation, "i '11:1.." tr,;'rrio~!'ri1'l1

~fJlm I·il(:~ d,1U r..,:syh$ (rom any sp.-1.1iJ.1 d.i,"'~:5ioll1 will Ltte'n;:',1Isiillg'ly be hiJl..l!l:d nil 1'1l'C i,n.d.iVloclLl:llmnlher ':h5'lDJ o;n a :!l'R'" ~~~~M[~ho!.ld eode d~roi:lI'mined flTI}lrn the ol!ll3.ide-. LL1~is m~ll& dun ou r houses wm conrlnue to' b~ ,dil;,'idii:d. 'into c~)m!JJlrLl;toi:f~ltS of pCi'We1!' bLJ r dl,'LI dl~ willi niIJ1' have :i predetermined ,:r!r: ..... lIi<IJ wFrt'lilltKtI'l, Oll1,l'i("ltl."ly. rhls .rrf.::1rS '[0 houses wh~~'h ili~' iI1~lati"i;~~d in ;::omlllnfli. in !llI'hi!ir wmlh. "'.+~l"]7~ ~lerc is '::r}h--d~jil.,tuiOii:1" \Vhe,~ rhere iis; Q:llly ene d,"'of'lI~1' It.hi! terri tCliri.J!iiy i5 1>1 n;gllc-, ur ,;1E :i-l1ml ~ i flIn!ll';I~d by ~hg' i;iOfllllmimtL"IHS bi'!~n tile 1 rud~ ... i.d,LI~ tmd Sc.d~l"

\,(rhii;J'i Roben L:mis; ~<en!ID.11 wreee, :U the end of U1C' lasr eenru ry, nlll, ill, :b:rieJ WQdr entitled, in. ,he Sp<m;~h "4'!rid;l,dolll, La C~.51l1 kl.eal rrh::: Idi:l1lJ Home], ~l1l~: uh'i.lllbtmd ~lf1d wife: ~h;Q111d1 cad~ have ~heir DWT.I "!,V!;uk m!Jirn" {iL37, ~i,.'hu:ikRI. 1 ~'OO)" ht;: 'I.'I.';lr5. n:l1:::~:ly };Miintiliif!; OUIi: ,,,,h.l.'t is :lI1'Ft'a.dy oot:omi'il;(; ~ ..... ~';!'ipr...-..j(1 ~Ii~'. h' ~ only '~~:-Jlen he goes; all. W' :!:3r thc;l'[ '";)3 I Q(lIII1;n( &.:~t::r,rTlii:l:ti! HI! invade 11:"11:: s;;<IlKl1.laT}'" of th::: witir, ~ II~~~ 'i1'i~! !;'\I:r\y to dmJt of ith~ m:l!.nt tk~[ he: .::.h.t:!'W!> ~m ,<L~tLt,m:!~ wl~h is HLU gre.1.d:!f indcb'rcd ro the .cllL""isi.c:m of tile ~L"J';~ tI~:l1 w::.\,'l PK.'V.tt'!:Jl ~ ~I chli Ii r11:lo". !-kM1C~r; when ,[h~ rex];.''§: are p.1,il('N! Otfi jj'j ~UiV.;1!I;i;!I1!.' (oodillig [heir ,(!i~li!'IZi~y decreases ~fii:1 i:h is, in d1~ lo.l'Lg. rwi, is bm'ijWi1l~ ;3J:i.r)I,J[' [he dis..'1Pll~r.:IllCf.:" 'OF' C IIC" tliac!ll[Wllru hmn;;r" The: (l;Jim!; d:i~( W,!m'i~; ;) lif-e d'lit1.li: i~ cI'>'ir'l:h: in th::: gruwrh iiud d;j,."VCI.tlllm~m: [~r:1 rnu tuml LLIlI:!IlJ] ~;a ]1~it shaesd in compfcfl:l;C'll1mri ty. The disn:ppe:LF.'Ino;: .or iJl~ ll(:~r[ll. [iif thi:.:; ~ompkl'lIl~n r;}ri,ry; 1I1l;(.·;ms ih::· :lppe".;!rnnce .;;If a [)~ of inl~ab~u]li5 ~h:u does 111m J'1«{1 ro ~1Ssign n;mrorl::lir ;Gj!n.dt.'\I"SL The trad i tiol!\il FeI<1!t~(Ion.:5'h i:p'::; h~~~e l~c:n expanded [00 IlI:1cluJ~ I~~~ill pJi~Cfl~'tsh~,~ who ,o.o;:up}, rbc :ifi ... r~ of the house in ~ l'ItJ~~l W1L),,,

'W111..~1'I: 'lII1iJ~ Itllt!::; ~rud t(J~ ... ards .:q;Lij~C'J:t-ct: kad I!.h'i~ Wi~1 'M;' he Glflllbl.e of i n.h.lhjI:Lll'g t~II!' s;pm:c:s, uf 3 ~muSo!.." w~lI.hljlLE ~nd~r imposj:tions?' \'ViJl 'i!>''C' Jmo~'\1 how eo ;\"bp" m the ~p~~ of wh:li~ 'Vi! miW)u rnli d"", .. dling ill. art~rug)'lll~i~' The ;)I~'r!!;:J L5 undi:1!L~~:m:dily; ..'IS :Jlw.il,),!. )~, Ami ;~ ,aJwo:IIY$" ii'iA:;:)m~~I~~);i:'. 0'1 should 'I,~ sny '~~~,'[~r3;C1Di1.ri~ Abo-'j,\C' .all, wh;i,r ~v: ClDI'lI[)( presuree ~~l be f.s [he fi r.il' ~Ilihahiilallin.:s, of th~ ~~i:'$ of an.d ~ny" ~ IiU ~~I:j1.;;:m~~ ~11()Si! 'FK1cr dd{:rl,y iiIJlt}blc;}Ju$ (If Phrygi~ ~lled BiL~~d~ ;'Inri P,!' llemon wlm I LVed .iJl a hunlllb.le' tl~9itdlM 1~ln-t .md one d;llck nig}i'r:; w~d~ i'he' hlJ~p~~:Jllty vf lIiO,[ili, gavg $he1 rer to }t:tphc:r and his fatheor. ~'Ili h~ MernrlJ:t(lr.ph~s. O~id S~'8 j1lt- (hodr home !11~' ~~[ '!IW.S ne DllU rer tb~i't, eo seek lords MlciI ~t:;rvn_r'H'S~ ,he 1[,;/iIO were ;lll ~t1(:' hmL'lC~mW 31m) ohqnl and ~'fe u...d~'\I"S r;,:4.1~,~ny"- The m~l}' Ilm'bJem 'MI!> Iht d~~tinr t»I~R che Gods ~~ fiJ..r ~u.:;:irI :l! I[r'('. Th!!: hur.nbk- c:Jibill;lI ililmbitcrll by the JjgnMioo. 4:!'!c:rvi rtg. 014 cm.lpk wii!i it:iln~ft,:nill~ iruo ;1 brlgln o('W' [CfnflLte I~O whi~h [hey '';.\/!;.:re d~t:1!'I llllunilL::d, fm the RS': ..:l'i !hel:r life. bewming i ts g.n;;lrd lans .. The 'Hull of dle ,gull!:!. ,IlS WJ!:! '!Jilll.}" E'i~I~. 300 d'!.ocrwd thar th~}' shoLlld. dle :;tI~ ~l'l,(,:' S&rRr li!l:'l.~ W tflfiJ[ I~chh:;:r' \,IoIOllld have ~(~ !-alrre-.r ihe .IUSE; or ':he ~ltht.'"u" & :aJ~iPdt~t. :!:ig,.1 of g;.a~kLld;t f(lof I[ne! r h03p'igJ'ity oo,lV;1,rdS such ~111jj~uiot1$ ~]~~. ('Iwilr I:i!.'!lI;Ii,¢'i, "'_~re ~r.ms((~rlml!{~ ~llIiu tR:1!£ :J. trulJ, sI~rttkr lil~d.r:1'II [~ and :;'t ~~MY oak, peT~l:Ip~, U::I 'Ill. i[JLIili'L tll,u jf I.,rr.: dwell in md-rogyllY our homes , ..... ~il~ 11.Q~ bccQmi:' sanctuaries or iIll!'mpl.cs. ,l:jlnll..Il:i of cdl's ::IlIld cd 1:33. Aft\::~ alJ, ;lj 'W~ MOW, !the d..ul§« Q( d''''rc:lliill1~ mach i rw,::;. j~T smni:. rime' now, h.'I.!. b~1l tIH::IU dc1;jtl; tn Iil;lllfl'i:n cd~ll:Il[-c:. 1l1.l1[ this: i:'> .11.0 tim~ w' ~tI.M.::rnk', At ,the: d~~ of. !ru: Milkrmium 'INhkh i~ :lll'tlmt upon UJS. 'I,~~ m lrn[ IW~ 00 ~o &mf'1,l!~ ri(;. fkt[):1l" 00 ':l!'Id wii:h [h~ lin.l."3llililet ofTum:.b I\MI~rl~ . .'i8 wng CLl-rui!'"ruCU,'CL!~ Srrmes ni:!n;:rf i,~(lIIIi;j. dl'JVti "VJ.::1b;)~ d(i' Tl1C'}' kn~1 ()f lo~,f'.

T'h·:·· e····· h o .' u s e:····

.' ,,'1 _ •• ' .. '.' .' .' • . .','.~'.

"'D~~ suche n rl<Kii l,ldHom Hd m _ ....... ';l!; m~'Llle H{~~m.]('hut\g,,, 'W" i:'i[ - m..:irl l:-kill;n~ ~h frage ILl n~ :'i~JCIlt.: ida. dlk5i f::lirtcl Kh nlebr"

Nk["lSC~; A!w sprndl ~:;1.~hu~~1i":l

The :'Li';:<1!d~ ki:r a hom!:' is .iL un iversal nl,;~'d_ I\"Opil.;- ho"ii ... e ~)'"S felt ·thr.-y bel o rl.g.oo somewhere .ma J11.Jdle ihn:

IJb.~ ui-eit hlJ;me., ''Wh;[Jf, dnes rI.h i~ ~~h CJ:msiiil uE W1ui!: arc we :'if'.lKhi n.lj. f(.1ff WI L'I.,,[t' do WI."' g.o eo fi nd i [ or iUN' ;[10 we def not '[hI.:" place W~ an 'fiif;lm~··'~

[t" '¥Ii;! go back in blsrery we Pi nd ~h:u: the dijf'(!ren;~'~ bceween Th~ m rmu.ndi 11iW" and thr:: pdit~ ",h~t'rl: primh:h'"C socier ies li!'r'"t.>d ..... as tI:1e- t'1dsu~IlCl: il)f Qf~r:. 'J aside' W.JJ:; a ph:« \"'~I-I:.[ij a. !S-0CW orgalti~I'iQn h~d been e~[,::Jbl'i!dJed ;lJ~d (h~ di:H·i 'tguish~d iii: ~'I1i. the ;.1; reatenl n;g ch .... ies of the resr of rhe ',¥QIM, h: !,.it.aS rhe 'clvi~iS!!d' r·hce- I.n mcb :5ocic::1 ies, the CFe<triOI1 of;1 IlNmdt"r i l1ip.1 k~[J the ~ffinndial~ of th;lJ~' ~oik.ys; eesmos,

.Rdig:iow: man, by th~ .;t1..~. of :iitiU i ng up I/l,1'h~t i:!: :s...-.~~dI ".j~·1 ti 11 :Jj ~}aCtt, makes (his ~I'(t~ lsls cosmos, Man ;mempq~ to ~rnl.CllUI"e his I~~rillg W~~~l ~Jthe::r.; by fCi~Iif..v:ing ~h~ 6li.m~rll! iQf the cUl..~tilJ!h ·of ~h~ COO. Th~ rodiglom mans d~t.e: to li~'I!: whh i 11, '!.-vh;3[ is :!i;]~rurlll!; t."qni'!.'a]{'nf m his u~ eo (j nd hL .. ~;K"e' in 31'J ordc::rtd l1:~Jil.Y and 'flQ.'[ allow purdy proEune {"}l;.perii7lt('t!.S ~ .... influcnlX" hi 111. The I;II:"Jief lRl ~h~ sacred hdp:" IIlh'ir.! r.i:1! d15llerJ11 ine ~:n{!' COLII~ ~)f his lift.

Ti:te :rrom:[{!'r b!::r\",'L,,(!1J ·im~l[t:' ~m.l ·outiidr.::' (lonArrns Ih~ st.lxn;r[iol1. I:H!twm:·11 twu ~phr,,;","S ti1:::Jj :~o; diff~rem' (or maa. Lll'l~;dc' is ehe oroen-d spacc dl:at n::pR..'5l!'n ts .Ii~ ,oo~mL!1!'i:, while '(I'IJll'side' is a Jm~1ilC', nf~.thftn~nmg

envi ronm~n~~ ~:r &hi ltd in;g Irkis CO!f!llOO" m;31:i ;]oolit>ili:S ~h~ hunll~i1drr ~lf s~cc_

W'h!llt is ~h~ ~filce ~f::l ho:mc t.;'j$(j(l Q,fI~ W'hil[ dCi"l'S ~h(; 'rn.il.l.ws' of OO.f.liOC'ftIU'Or<'lry ~lHUll ('()mls[ of? ~ irhft.i: ·rosm.rlS' ,u.f man flohUg.r: 'Wi, ~n ~t1.!k ~. phO;! in w], ich 1:(;1' ,r.e.t1ec:~. i~ (io!F hli'ite 'I.'I.'C n=";."lcrn..J IhC' (mi III wht.rre tEll: :i!l'idhiJLI!.'lJ carrK'l'i ~~,e ·oorml[~ W;dl~l~ himsc'lf (<.U dli,;KrilJ.,.-d L~' B~rscr) :iII~d ill f;at;[ no rrln&~r !1~ ~l,Ich, a. pl3:(:~~ B~"fll~1:fi1I~~ ;1 Fh.1l~~ [h~ 11Ck111£ ii5 ,he simnlt~noow..

",,)n jnnqim] o(';'l [t~ITllpoJill.al1.cl a p.:rrln.ut~.Lu ;:knt~m::

Thl:' di ffil;;w ty in ,i:'e~riilg {Ion h(l'I;I~m£ i~ I[h~: Or! I[hl! o.tL'l.'! Il::tl,;d WI;: nlil.li[ ~ce Idl:U (h~J-r is [h~ ~ nrif'nt, ~X!rh_~-:lS Ct~rIl~ ~i-etlJ1efi1li:: the:: reficctiM of tht:' hlil'i1;:Ul heing'~, lift: in the- 1:iiW-1hE-F.s; womb t,.). rhoe d"~-llirlg. in i~:'i: nlLKt 'Ii'Ktr:r:iill!.r !Win, I'i~ 1.1:'i!f ~ cml~i~crcd :J mock oJ aJ:!in.'i1o!: ~ti(lif il5; r:l-'pirnB of [h~ 1'9 rh D1."fl tllJr;:.l, Tnt" o-ri.~iii:iI form of any ~Ili rit;. i~ nu.t lif{! ill ;j hmlM] btu in., Arst-fl id 1m;.. ~ t CLJ ril,Z [h~ IfOC~ (ilr Wh;C"Ii:;:~~f QO:;l,!Ipin .I.L In [he- most ~ trcm..;:: c:t'!f! I~l~ :lpa.rrmi!m IK'GJIlI1CS ;9. C1."'I!' or

£.hA..'":lt~1 {_.,.) -] lu." .lOlh c"(::"lH~, ~llll iu t.1.StC ((101' ~ro!)i~

~I'iid C'r: .. U·II~~"" i"C:Flql. :1U1] o( I~gh'[ and Opo:!ll :air. II~ .P'Li L :Ul ~n.d. rn rh.t- old m:mm:r of,ru"orull i lig, 'Il-!!(I~ll~ fm h~~rn;ull biinb'>' .1 re p~u.OO :ag.aiu~t the diI'Jlh' twtl~~ Ln r.hoc :m:hitct~ s::!lnli:·~: .:!P<llfU1iH,mr, The; .Mock:m St;vil: has ~h::Lkeri Ih~ DOt;O~ nf Ihe nr.sil:-~id hox m i~! ""l;.'ry fUUlid<lluons, Th¢;e ,b.y:s: i t h~ d,i:5l3ippt"dreJ and d'l.'!:' dl!.'"C"'llillg :h;;l!S doc:r.t."a..-.cd

in ':;~i'.:'='~. fm- the n .... irtg; w.i,[h hL'1!~d KlC!!ms, (orr [he cJl:'..:id,

""Ii th cft.:m.u!;lriuln5,

!l)ur~n:s the ·10s, :i1l·t'Jji~~ ;u'lil~y'OOd the i1I,,~li.y at hLl'LI~ Itrtam i .... ~d~illl d)!.]' norms of r.I.iflnil~hy and lmliyidual IL~ny, RadQn~1 iW INi mt:m to seCk ,+1;1: III ndt:rnYlglg p~ifm.dp~i! of the' hom!!, Ijr.im itiv!." hoo.siilJ:i. or, f.aLher. th~ natu rJiI, h,;IJ<LUi-:: Ih~l rom~ DJQm d:II,: origi !l~ Qf [h~ ~Kh fur [Ii OOt'L1ie", was fwq~!Cndy' ~tun1i!:{~, AKI~il"!l.'1;:i~. !U;h:rIJlPt~ (11. work nUll: '[hI! t:!iSl!llCe lOr hDIiII~ ~ th~.'1. Ihq could rerbpt it '[0 gln: li.~..s of 'moo ern tniJ.FI,",

Hom~ ~ mvte ~h:jiill 011, d,,1 i rnlraden of i!ip:l-'LC:. It is mm·(! d I~ the er.mkl-.f!. of a ~d[j=r, i:-:~!>mE' IS the place wh~~' ml>ln ~.noo.t!ln;t~rNl.hj.tll'isdf in h.i:;: iOO~moiJi>- Home crea rl!:'ian ilItmQ::.;pht"Jle' ..... ~'J.il."!K" !'I'!~IJ'I (::lIn Irda:c HomE' has Il'{) provid.e m~ d~UJf!is~no...~ [~'[ 'i.'I,'ili bring a ~.1!bl:: {If ~t;di..dm~;,5; wh.hin m;,ms rt.'m:Jl,

The 1'~ml$L"(,1i~ htl!iliiJ.:: gU;}i'"' e l.ll teed (h1.:. ~m!:lin¢n.r st'(:uril:}" ",F rh is. ;i'\:'fi1;g_c .;l nod, !ftlIilil.c- II'I1;U~ wl:btid.::: hits InC'111(]:ri~, ~1iJ1t~ ::I net ix-lkFs: m ~ht:' protective ~pil'!:;:: of the bouse, "11,c Iml!l!le \\",h!" the IPl~t rJlll 'WaS ci'!:up. "",hh ~y.mool~_ Illill.coo, i t held more m.;:;l n i ng ehan ;,'my other phct:.

"n11s i~ ...... f-r;,., .. v,,'C ~["(: so nlll;l'Dh about our gr.tntlp..wJtr~' ~5~" h is , .. ~h~r 0[11 <1Jll" p!-'"I1.1pk stull h~.w such !!:~ roi1g. '-'\IJwtiClm~1 ~ ies M th-e J'~h~C<l~ ~pll;Cii;: of;] hnuse, The house hns b«:n ~yn(myml!)m; ..... i,dl hume f~r a I~mg rune .now: The house WJl"i Ihi:' m.Tli:"'ri~li,s;Jllmi uf the hClli1l1'!: ~lJ of [hI:": rosmos of MM, N!l;Irmitlly i c 'WiU i n d~!i,': Ilhq:: whej'(" v,,¥: h:ifld gJ"O'lNri IJ IJ :Inc! 1IV«L Or~ as Iknj!llmin ~Lid~ In rhe oC.1HKITI';;- ca~c:" [I~~ hou rgeoi:s h(!u:i~ is thw~ ~~O:-

~~ [ C3.rTIrs Lhi! [rna:.:> of wllrlX\.'!:'r. o~pi~ Ie_ Thi$ h>I.)L!~E ",.as til!=: nl~~~1 L uf i~~ O\"J"'I.;lr':; pt,::l':S-on~ ir,.-.

[ ... [1 k-clll Fe oC;lltitll'.ild 'nl,Li1d~rng, Dw.:tLill£. Th~nkiIl;!;'.

] kid~ sp.:'"olh ofth.: rtb[iDn~h iJ'iI ~f.wl.:"-e~1 lx;a~' .,~nd [1\~l[i ng.. • Dw·t'l I ill:g"', ;::o/m,~G.gi~y. tllet1J'i~ 1.0 ~, brou~n: m I}ew;;e" _ hI! ~h~ 5.:n:'Ot: 0 p:1;]incr~ by H{!'id~'3S~r. dw.tll i ns is ,Tn. i rm:mal sm [t.:, a C1IIpi'lcii)'i> :m .:ipi ti,t .. l-li~ o;p:in'ion il'li~ie;; th:u th!i.'1r ~ ~ !»~11'1fllt'!.': f\;h:j{~)'f1;!jhip b.:.'tW\:."ei'i mar~ .il;lld hi:$. 1~ .... tII:;l,;, The nVl.I,:Uing IP mvi.dt'5: jjr;;ftlgt.'~ 0f10J1S!1lI~1I'kJ..n I ~Ilehr::r. II[ !::tl}~ al1 i nt~mal ~tiVI.~ :1Ind ij. tht: Jla~iX where the ind~,;,Jmd ('.:IIi. J~~'(.~(Iop hJ~

i IJ [im:lle ~ir~, Wit~liil 'th;,;' '\\l'itlb (1)[ dUl' hol,iW. (hi!; 'mh:r' run be;lfj ifUim~'1: ofh~- Th3nb [0 i~~ !ij'Mbolic !)F(!Ip<.n:k~ tl:le hoUSJ: .i.$ :001: ml:'rd), .-m iii ochi'toctm<ll pmj'i..'Crr" it i.!'i :al:m ,a pohi·litlsophli,.";<1l, p'yehologk-al. ;;jJltkropol(l~, UC. on~.

"ni~ $1J..;h\N'I, tlficll 1n~it.l!_m Heim •• , W3.'J; meine I-tc:immehL~ng , .. \'Qo ~ - ml~n H~imt' D<am;1-m .~ und suche kh, d.1S ~ncl ich nkh{

Nil:rL'idle: A1ro spr.ad1 u_wllusu'''.1.

L1 b,U);;q'llo.:6J d~ 11 r'I1i. C;"lS~ es Yn.:;:L n~Oi:.':Si.d!J!:IlJoni.ve~1. :El hombre SLeIDipn: se hi) fdli:f1Itill.c:ttlo, con tlT! !'limio c!>~cIHc(li }' '(lDm!cinido eS!:!' en su hog..'u, ;.En qll.e 'OOii:!i~5cil'e (:st';J hosqu:cda? c'n bu~ de qui '1"ilm~ O. ~'611"1A,} d.efilJinl~ d :5ii(ilQ que deJl(]mi";li~ ~CI!il:;i'?

Ol ~" hLi-rori:L, cocc:mrrJlrrt!lS que el :I _ gar" clont:k ¥ivaa '1<1 :''I(II:ieJ.·ld pri_miti~':;\.,.w dirl:'f'ell'mi3i'b;il dl£' los ~W(!cdores; pm 1..1, e~i~t(:i~d:fL de \:cn. orden, 8 'd~IUi"C! r~~I[iliQ L~11I Il~if' dance S(: hahi:J Il'M,..hl~ ido llilU orgiUijz;;ld.6o roc~l 'llLL'C JD dist;jngtl~ d,d OM ;unen.il.::n'ii~ ·eM resro ~ nnm;;i(), En el ~I!g:rr: "ci .. ,ili:&ildo·, En ~5 5OCi.~datle " Jill

c ... l.cit'iill. de ia Il:oru~a<!. impli.c;l 103. ftlll1dat:ion d~>I O)$m.g.s de I;] :KK:idad,

'~Ii'a el hnmbre rdigio~ el a W de ~rJ!!liir 1.0 :s.tg:rnoo d~IlII~f',j]r d..: lin 'I:':!ipacio, Ie il;Qni ... ierte CI~ su ",:~sn14')5 .. B hombre ~!1~~nrn esmicnnar :S!JI ~uil .... h~nci;JI, :s.iS,lllj~lid.o el r611;!!uj).1o. de la cll.'aciun« I~ Dloses, E.I (l.;:'M."'!,) del hombre n-lig,iooo de Vh'8f' en 10 sagr.u.io lr'qui\';}l.c a sou :d~r11 d'l.." simiJlft'r:: en b ['f';:d~&a.d, o~r!'J:l:i'!di1l, de no d;::~1St~ il~tDuil:' po . his ex.perien j" '!).t!r.'Iin1«l«· profal~~ La ['e,r!iflciin C.'.'[} to 5.'L:grnef,o ~Wl,!dh ;]1 110mbI'{."' a MaPlirucr 5L1 OBifOO dr.::

... ,.ci<1.

~ e , ... ,~" ',I' , fi I _ ,

l!,,;;ll n70n t era en m: een uo r ~1J e ra ,00 il '11 m;l ;ii, SillJf1J ['3!: I t111

dt" des Ambiros diI~k."'nu.~ p;<Ir:i1 r:lllL'll.mhre_ 'Dcnuu' 'l~ iii

, _L d'~ •

t'-~;P~i;!O o.ru:em:uw." 'Ill' fii:P[~t::rlJta su OO~I!f~. nue:nu<ls

que: ~tLl.(.'r.'L' ~ 'l..Jr.i amoho hosril ~ ;ul'lor:f.l:) 1 .. nda r' p.."IiI'1II 13 y~da. 'E I fund!J.f ;'i1,J! CQ5~. r(-i h mhA;!: alm~, I. h.om.ug'~m;:kl:id del espnric.

(lEn, tlU~ u basa la e:sJ!'.rx1a tk nn hOVr? ~:EflI qu.c (:tmsiu<: ~t ·,,~rnrl.'l~· ~I hOIii~ l;)onr.cnl:J.}ll'J~l'K'O~ i ~~ 'easruos' del, hom~R: 1100 [u'r:z~l, ,buoc::Jir un h1,g<lr conde lfllof1ejru:l.(i( o ~H~moo lkg;]do .:II pu i1W en q~te el i,llci:i,..idu'l) Ikm od ~mO$ en 51 rnismo (como k deocribc: &"Jger) r de hcdm}'<1 11t1 11~e.:;.lffi es[~ lugar.?

lI.\;:::nj!tUnifl ;ma1iz;] Ila C<'t5·ili ('r:mlO !J.I'! ;:;:o.llj III m'D d;::: I~n ~llcrnEm!l) [il!rnpUirJiI. }' ;} $11 va, como clli:'i1lKmfio (li:rp.::tllD. "La .dir~uJ~OlId. ';;U;liI.1d.Ci- ~ :reil.:J~im'l;;li .oobre Ia vi~'H.-nd;j, es la, .s.iguJtm:e.' ,por un !;,n)o, hilY (J]~l'\= 'l,'Cf' ill r d d'lllcnm ;)nriguo. t".crlll!:!' q,ui£;':' EI Kflejo ,dt:- iill ~~anr;i(l, cld !:)l"r hU!I1lan!) ft1 d :s(.'oo, m:m.'Hru.C ... )" bao. q,lI,lt:.' cOIlS'ide~i' I::. Vi\1t: !'i..-cI:J, ,en. :'iU fom""1 J l)j,s ~~I'ref.Th'l., OOJiio ~Ul modo d ~ ~~[,t.'.nci3J prnpio ,dd 5igl:fl X[X, la 'I~ m~ (l(ri,ginal Iiiii' [o&a "j ... i-end:l n'11 Cs l..i '!l~l. ~" ~.iI!1l;l C'iJ.i;), sjno en u[l ~)'[[.q~J{n_ ~\[." U!!'Io'<!i IZI, hudb de quicn tv UOL:IPi:1J,

En d rn."KJ! m~ .. ~f.!.".'miJ;, d ~lllJtiJlwm:J) Sot ro:J1'!,<if'm.:- e~ '~,LLdte,(, ,_} 8 si;J (I x..x~ ~Olil ,sll gtlU(] poor h poro:;id;,!d.'. la

II:raJl.sF~MlCw., la P~i:.IJ..a, II.E r el :jii~ Ith:n..", 11:1 ~J~m fin al a,odo ;;aD[ig~lo ,[l\(:. hiiliiru r'- la CIS3 .:Ii! I]'JIUI[«<IS ,ell. cI ;]p.'lJI'Wl'lenwIO dt. ... ~Wt'ecro' SoIfH.'SS se 'O,f't()ne.n. los "htl\!?i\':S pIU.",) :S<:~!ii humanos". Et Moderlll SlY];: bii, ":'tt:,Udid,rQ, h:l&t.1.io III proi1l.l,Il(,b;:r de-!it m-~mOl til, nod,on dl: fb,Qii~IU\(IiI, E-!I!,)Y ~11 dr::. ha d.€'.5:lp;1'f.!r."d®. )' b vivienda hi]

... ,~w l\-Ouc:i!J'5e :'iUS: djmeMoncs~ ,pra.r:l J05 vivos, eon I~ Q,!;l!H-M, JI:. 'h.ok~, y ~ [es f[l,ll.c:r1u:!i:. roll 1[1;$ ceematories" Durrunt~ lo .:lies '20. 111M ~rqiL:l;o:CtO:5, ;;malili1hruJ l£!i ~;;ilid:t.d de 1.0"1 casa demro d!J.: Ia:"i normas 4." f.;1_ck.n;;,l~i.cl::irj y de Ia Iribt-:rtaJ, del individlllo, Ll. r;'rcio[\;1iIidad, 1i..":5 oom!ud;t a b bu~qLJ,e(b lid principic fund..l1T1.em:al del h~. L1 ,e:..S'I, p'rimhi\'.a, ;::I rrllijo dicho, b. Cim nlmr.d, (~~I.(.' surrg13i de: ]03, or~I~~ de I~ D~GqU!.."di.l d~ !lin hOg1Lr, era un o.,b,jli:'w dl." e$!ucliioi) froc.I!:'ll.l!:'" :Lo~ 'Mq~litl,,"!:ro!> i n.t~ni[;lroola desenrrahar I!a ~Rd(IJ dcJ hogru- pam tii'i1:d'Udcl(t a la lle!:'{.'Sid;J;di del 'rinmbre m~I'JlQ'.

E hQg;u es mas rgu~ wi;) dclimklcioCi &clilUO d\i r;;$pWo. Es ,mas q!llli." 11l or:dific:Jdiir:r dt" un (ol:tljo,. EJ hogar es d si,'io dondc cl bomhl'l: se '!3JCQf1l[rolb.a en su ~rIlOS, fJ I'!,o~r (:K~Ji mil J.rmblm donde d honnbrr.' ~ puede ,rd::llj'.M. ,m hiY';:;'ij' f:i~~~ i1! e pr-ovd .... b:s ,r.::i,r.r;;~l'!!5 .... sncias ,;(kMlz.ltldo ~_1 hombre:, al!1~ L"5tRdo de pm ...

L1.,_~ bul'gtws;1.. gal':ilmr.r:aba la .'tr:&J,r~'~1d permanente de eSN' :i:mp;l.m }' ha.cia que elll'Q(mJ:u'4!' confiara us r«U(m.o!>" -iJwion~ r CI"OeU1c:ias al r;_~p<iI,d'l) pn sector d~ Ill. c;m, laJ C'lS:Ii 'r;} d blt~r qut se (';lrg:d), de !l11l1'l'roO~ s • De heche l;l (:~ Ic:ni.l. lit:fu': :si~.n3f.ic.<tdo qjUi: t:U:dqi).iC.C' ono ~!UCi.

Tor {'$(;I. la C;l5.:t de nU~ITQS ~budr):'i 111M pre~:a1p;1 roi,ttL~. [\)or ~ • rodavia 'rnl:'lir--.l ge.rll[oc rnamiene lU1. vfrl,~LlIQ ~~I1'[al1~J1G11 (;!In :!l(~]jdi;li COil el 'l"Sf'acil) K ... 100 dt: la casa, h casa ~.:t~iJr~ful,: mi,i.oi:ho r1l:'f'l:'iJJ'ioD hell ~ldo sinollinti.o de h~g::ar. 'r (.'..1<;;1 era 13 miirtor.lali ,,~idn del hOWl' oj) tid! crumm Jd hembre, No~rn:l_hn[.'"J1'[~ se ~ii[tl:i'tbf!: 1,.'1'1 el ]u~r d.unttt h~b.b't.~~t)S erecido '~. 'Vt\"id~. 0 como cUjo fi=Qi:tfl1.i.n! i:1Il cl (~ artl:eUlltlr 1<.1 'I,..~ ~~U'g;Lr~s.a {'.$ >l.~ ,esp~drlo que U!'.!V3 I.ti, Itmdh ck qui4:i1 l~ CII:LI~J:'.~, ~f;t ~ <1,:101 13 apno::;i61i d b 1Jc'I:'SOltllliJ~u:l dl." .'5U pil:Jpt~W~{ii_

'En H! c:onBr[\'n"-~;], ·Conmuir, 'H.3Mrar. PeI:k.~:U· Heid~e.r II:m,m ILl: L"d_;1!r;Lon emre h ]XU j .~ h;lMnl!1'. r~imoLogDCIlfllc:nt~ 'Ito.ibimr :s.ignilliGi 'se'r 1I1t1f;l;{ln h3Slla ]31 ,1J(J;l. ELl d se-n!tiJ.o qLl.{!':o;:p]j~, Hdd~.r d hJb~ti..u' ~ ~Lfl. C:'Sl7'rr.do iil1l~F.,rm., una Gt,fgci.clad "II LH'Ii Jlnjl"rlO, SlL opin!rnl implbqu.C' Ol.i.'.'i~ unil. fC'lad6n,sill1b6lica t,;n!:re d hDmbre Y Sll c:.lS,1, hi vl ~k'Jl d;} .ofroce .a:1l~ f""u'(r. '0".1 11Ll'iLJ.e b.'i itX'f),1{'S,L

'lI I'll csr;l>i,i~) ;nrerno. oobi,ja r r;:$ d IUg;Jr d\oJidl' ~I ifKlh iduD t.l11'iolde des3lTollat :!1.~ ~nrifl11d:ocl. Eni n:: 'las :J».f(~'¢!i, ,d~ b casa d QfOO p~u;;-dc :'ic[' mrn tntirflo. POT !;LI's propil-dar.-W si'f'l,b6riC':<l.S', 13, Ci3Slli no :!iokr c::s un pmY"-"I;,:w ;u'qui [ca:(Jnioo .si !lQ ~hi(-i'I 'fi~(ir~lico, ~k~r'~i4:u. ~,m;mpooL\Qgioo" .. ,

'l!!it:rgr:1T d~jib~!..s IImY' lhli' h(!!~'. ill 1!:9nr.em;pomil}! wQ;::ty, il5i C'I/O~vil\$ fmm a ph~\'S:Ic:U ~p-aG! inru d~ s~f~ukm of ~I~~.i ilIl ,hnl:'li't~' r.h .. t.: ean 1'L~r! ar

any tim~'. in :my [p'bOC'. 11;~ ir-; 1.0' :s<liJi. mday~ m;;:m ~JIi l~"d iU ~ ilil, any .P~. '1F~ling:!!_![ hom':"~.!i::m lnremal ~t.'l:t~ Ih~t is ,[~r,'kk\.-.d eo the p.hfSi~ ~p~

Clf 'file!: house, Of!. ~~'lO' orhti.'f"mnd, tht- :i?hytkij .~p:ru;:e: mn wt: ,t.,;,.J1 lnuuS>!: Is ,00 lQI1!~f' the :sp«"lal pliK'tl' \'I"ht!ro we 'fltcl ;:III h'OJOOI:", I: knm.:. '~lI?hidi, m,il ~bce th~ ,nO'l,l15._C~ has Hn~~ to do, \\it'h 3J blJJ~I.d:irtg,. Tb~ roof thaI; ~"''{.'fi it" the 'Ifm~r "IlII":3US dun SLill'roLmd i(, Dfl.V!l:'"11I a ~.r lloctmnc p.oof:i,IiI;::. ~pruilitli (rom .... ,hi1lt, 'I:';, I~ekl in Itlll!:: han: :ru; mlil(ll['b~t\g, :'i~r:sd. Thi5 'pL'aC~ CUI be huih Q.' tJl

basis nf ~liliM~!'i"

'\When m-e ho1Iil:!i':: WolS !J.")'lI1{i~rltl.'!)US wb'h hom.:!, it 'lrVlli!ii '~le pliiilGIt' '\ J~ milln f1!ih '.u: ,~.«'. This ~13,iil: of Pc:Jrt' ohvi(!llJs:lr &c~f!!dOOl ,on m<ln~' .1'hcro11i: i:h .. e pN'-W1wifJf of dlC individlJ!~~. Iri~ bdia:fli. lile tyPl" af ~i~~r. the

ID,1 k, I1If 0 ' hi::;, ,~ooal n..~3i~J(JI'i:sbips. ete,

In rbt!' bolJlrgoonS' hULL"=t.' [h~ fo:.milr was; d1~, centre of :wci>c:t)'; ~ht~il3 B<:~r"~ iJllIt'C'.rprernr.'iolil put!> I!ht, mUldlyjdLiitI Ant.

ik,i'!,j. I~]JJ'L ~i!iO pr;l![n~ ito the mmpo.ni~ ,iitIIJ~!:. of' the Im~ of dn,.~~~ m~~ !!:p.trtr of the ,~ !llloc!Lf:le'O GUll" (:t.mccpt of !iOcjcly arL'd of 11 .' cl\vcl]~!l:ig.Jpl~.;e'J ,trnMfortL'lJing; dt;.:; "'"::fly in which '1,''1'1: &~~H, l?hjlo.!iOp!my {:~m I~dlp LU m lmd~H:t;l~d hmv.m:l)til ,p~.rC~i;ves his '!.~\tHM. HU'i.'i.f do we ~1'P~ch ~JilI:: complex SYJi~ooLi;m,1. (!of hOO''; ln our ~od,-~~"Thi: modk:IIiIi, ~~~octS had ,;]III'CfIJJy nnn;,. ec 1 tnl; I'ack of::Ii Icha.rn!:ti!:1'1 tie &\~m Urlig of l&nl:br. a~. \Wh:u is rtllle J?'O'Si[Lotl, i.1:'II jj :SOeir:ry [0, r is ch,m!'(!;rcrif.iL..otl hy

h II] ~('-,I!:.(:l'idft~

''fh~ ~1~;jJp Of.1 ~Of!llC m:hk.es Uc dear {119j~: :q:l'll~ eaanoe b!: I t)m~n~~I~. TPl;; nns:i.d(:, dif&.~ frum du' o1Ji£'sidc.. H~)'\ ~\!,;V~U. In It!;U: r.l'5t, dm.l?tt r ~ ~!N ~10'!0\' ,;;:onf,i;mp~m~ ~ic:g,r Il;Qlmihu~~ eo &.o.i"'Iil(~~nls.1([oo., "Wih:;j!!." is hap'p:=n,;~l~ to me 001.:: of m'C" hi;i1.l5.:" ;33; th.:: m:l!!Teriml iS3D(Jj~ of heme in I[hi~s soc'cry? Is ~11i: ·pa.c'J: ~.t is inlu:~l'u 00 fooodj~g the i1.mRSC niill diffI:IT!!II~~tefH H.uw d~.Il'l!i1fll im:cgfale ~ 11. d1~ metmpolis]

'Wt! ':;'fLIIi ;(~ctt:Ct '~'f~~!'i::t.Ii!:.:~ or [leU [ th~ dlfl) ''''in t~ui i;)!!'1 5~JI aiRs, :;md wb.tt1~;r. ehe cci~gfj,('c' of dli: .h'oml:' sti~.~ ~ <lJ11I m~d djllft!~m:futrir;:;.!.'!I; hI th.e W3;y in whih ,tlie indi~idllJl!J I'Cb[~ \CI the .rnl::Imarulilii

.. ~ 1"1" ~~.I.c: ]'" J !k 1· .... _· L·

",,--1 r.y .II'~' 15 ili 1ilI3. t ue lor mllJl,1 CS 'iU I ~r r.:ri ~fI :t J re 'WiIr.u U iii

~~mi~" B.C"

"'10. J.j,'I((: is eo ~e~' 1[l<Kesm W. 8 ..

":Th~ 6cuw fr.tlmtC' of ~nJr reaJ life'. the ~aJ .ffaJ:M' OflQ.UI:' fI:(:lLi .... ,; lif.e., Th~ is OUI 10US~ a [tumb, D

"'11u;: hnu~. rr.~C:11 h3iw.i:rlig di:sa:p'pea~d ;1IS :i11'!1 i!1l5cl~~ID'lt[1ln, :lIS a 5J>C'Cif,c plan ~)~,~~I (0 other pj;;li~-Ixcmr. l:eisUR: willlTlD l'DJ~i' be d ~ i1p~relli1t QPposirLO;ri tu '!I'rork, :a]~d. 'thilt ",vJjJ,.;h ~ priV,iW: ''i'ii'iU no l(ln~u be ~h.r, ;appau'ftl op~;~km D'f.i [h.'I:[ Wllicb i!:i <ooUOOt.~~ - will be ;Ll'i.'erJ'W~!"IZ: rh~' hnlJ5f: '!I!w!i I be ,,-~rf ~p~ and e .... 1;1:)' ~il1liC ~fI! ..... hi:d!, ::I, free ::lllI1d nillJh~p'1A; :!lubjca, ,~ir..m:lIlI :,ulld

reat~ wiU st~figt.het'li and find, hLID~f ag;Un." j.Q.

THE HOUSE. :IN THE M£rnOPOUS. TH~ UM ITS

l\1IO I'IIIJ'libur-es dt::lJr an: (K.\f:Iul:nt r ILis~tlID describe Ih~ hnU!,:1;:! :;1:F.t:' 'priTvi3CY' ::m.d ']Ji~l1~ tllnitm~. Umku~ I!s [he acrion :md, thl:' t"(f~f uf Iii mi,ciug" h hs ffi .... r:kjllig (ll,ll[ :.'Ii tl::r.omrry ~:Ot .tR"al't" or.dC\r wil[n.!rI .. nd L5<O:I;ji(C the external dla~, TI'K" ~im i raricn of the: house is: hml1sbt ;jh~m by (:i'dung, a sbt:II['Cr d'i~u; ..:in3bli!S 'm.3J1"II ttl- csf:Jbli 'J\ h~ pri'V"~1~ :01!1d found hi:'i QO'.Smm.

]11 bOlJJr,goo:i':'i mde::ty, d~;:: limi.: of the house 'l.-'nl3 ~h~ '~\dl-, defined! fmliUief' b~fiV~l· the W{iirld of .E·.uio.n~lity ;l!ru:li .:he 'WOrilJ of Lt.~~ure. The houS(: W"~ dliC rb~ Wh'::K mean ,ooul.d, !ke.tp hls beiM and ,~i$ hopes, wh ile [{.'".l!i[IiJ'lJ

~ong :d W th~ 5pa(;J:: D w[uk. Jl· S~rt'riIg . m.. lim;u, ~ ,,;hi~fl o;p::lk-d ,r;;u::wnaiif;>' fml,ui LI,L't." J<DU'l.es~k: ~phe~" The ddiml!tatiolti of me ~0!1:l:W: is 001o'Cd on drawing

Idc:JIu dirlim;l1ml tl(!lwt.""'J II 'Ii halt is ,c:hM".lc:tC:Jisttc: of ·d~ling· aad uf ulork,.i~'g·" lihe ~am.it CUb be a 'Wt.1'I~ defined 11'1IC ~'Cil.!'!;'5C: lr SICp~:n;;lti::S two ,,1:1.")' djJr'eb't:n~

• ""1T"L 1'" 'd' ..II • • ...1.-1

'~[W~J(jf.! m~Il:~. ,~I11: concepts o~' mSi· C 1lf;l1Jl (Ilm:S~YI; ;)~

~,.J _, ('.' __ .: ~I ,- lb. • 11.' I... 11_ F L

,cv~nli:" -,lllSac:il~ lSIil~ spaoo WtIfum ([Ii.': ~ l>.Q fl,L'C

~ ddaTb.e ~lIiIJ IS.. -', m b .~

~ ~ _ Iw.l.~.~ ~ _

~~ -- i_ . ~ ,. _1_ •• .. _._1

IIlmiOD ~.g, k't:I'!lli'I'idl'D'LX" ~~ iCfI' q.t.te' ........ 'IJI~

iilCWrur,tI'Ii .cwJqu£.cr In~ If1!mto. ~ ~!lfIJ:i:cr Ilng;li';, 0;. de-clr. (I hombre e,k 110 ~ p~ ~n en IW! en. ~ui!:']·I~l!ii', ,8 ;~IU~~ 't:!'II! ~. es '~I!II ~~3d~ inll:rnI) qlR'-»': elk!:\! IilJDr.-)! lj~b:d ~ ~J.ro d b,~, 'Ubr i;Jir.-.IJ lP.nt~ d dp;teto ~~ "qUl: m.j}m~, iL,.~~'l )".1 no iflIj d h.~ privil'"li!lidr~ doplk- fn!lJ:li "KlEIti~ ""'1, fi:;;~'. ,E] h~~. ql~. p~.!: Mllnci~tllif. 1.:1 ~w I~ muy [}D!;lU 1;1."'''' 'P,I'I:'I'

1I.II111l ~dific: __ c~n. 8 led:Lo. efl.] In ~.I;i.'S. e .110 ~" 'lIU~ Ij~ nlKJ~II. iI!C'illiUiI btcho. .. de: aI,pn mi:}~ Po('li~ imJ~t1!I!li~nc d.f. iG'q'lH: se oonsen~ ~I,dI

eo 'l)11J como • ~;ldo_ &Ir lop- p __ "

mItSllIfUido a. purl.r ,dlj' ee -mb.~ Cw.M.o, k c;.t5iIli ~I "liOOIl' . !11k ~ Ii ~ ~ d IllJPf

~ . d Ilo-mb-,[-~ :!iC :wIn om ••. flwi.tn. ; qur oir

.~ fI ~ ~. d!:,...ruic .. mud ' I' _ ura;' b J!i(lQI.lmli~ dclllu-irnbre. ~,~~ el dptQ d-~

~. d;ui~ b ;c~lI!!h n.lr;I.' II ,de- W5 rd:ociort~ ~. iCl • FwD I.iJ &'1&11 bur;y,UIi:l>J:L, I~ lfun.ili'iJ (li)ii'!!ffftli~l~ dl . 'I!f1UCi del: hI! lOt- '~. mmJ:t1.cril:i qlJiC· 'C"!'!! S'ln inrcrpn..-ncMu .BJ~~r OU.lrp. pri.Qrkl;td ,:'!H indfYidullJ.

Bmj;Ui'iin CtUilbiCft iD~ • cl ,:L'I}t(Ul!' I~mpornll d~ 141 m01l_QCif;~ de h:.1bh. r, El ~Iifil del lit'l~ mooifi ~ nUQ[nI tkcnr:c,'dn de I • _ V, de ,iv-i:,tuU, l.:it.ifi5!I~fmM1dJli" rillillOO!l'll 1IUJlir-f.a. de: i1u&iti1J::, ~ iiHo-- lili ~ ~I:: "¥lJd:r ~ !I.ffiI'lnWc1i' ~,td hDm'b:Fi:' I:x' ik MIl mundo.

~Gmo 11.Ol.~. nllli~ roTf1pltjo :simOO1imlD dttl1

~ d, ru.ccu=r.t d? lm uq,ui~~ .mN~ '"

~ en F..!f b n vi · di .- ~:su den-1PO, F~ •

i.q,~ tR' 'J;~ I~, Kilr~d ~a por b,

Mff~~(:i:.meWeJl!

l.:I m(lrW!\i~t'l - ., un he _e'~ INid'~nci3 qu- tf.~

• II I wvc,,,,", • • .1··

~ ltD ~Ie(u!' Sor:r IDTI."i~_L~m. J Uliti:rlii r se YJSUIlF

del nj(I'OO~; Pew h~JiII\OO '\-1""'6 qne I. ~Q[I~d

OOiU ... mr-o~ !l!oll'ml:n.a)'II: ::I Ii 11 . n~"d . i6n. ,lQI~t ~ (01"1, d :P-"iplO'l ,de b ~ f.01!rlO' m;r~e;ri";li~ i61} dcl ~ d~uJU d· ~_(:I i(l(;iodad?' il!m~ 1 dif~di!fi·· 11

del ~cio inll~rrtlrJ:: ~ b -:= ,~ n ,de la QJrSa~ ~rnmQo ~

in~~ ,d hom'b.rc' i!:n b· -, ~

En ~. ~£ m qLi:l" ~ ~ ~ indMdllQ. 0011 b

mrtrop"U ~ ~ ~- H ,6;Iu &kR~"

~ ~hl~ )' ~ b o;iS!t~ . dl h~ K' .. ~ lid" 'm ~ !ill' (fftlImciol1.

IB ~ J~ lhabic'!!!~ Iu a ni&:!! ''iI",;IrW, illl~jl~iori ."'f-cM:n •• ni~ d(: I!Ii,M ~ ~ ii'u~ rn 1.1 ~~hlr.iJ dr:: ,b. ml:l ropoli;

-a'o/ ~i~ ~,!<L b n;] f:or lim,iDi. u~r Itt I'll :I, life with in Ii'lI1lIit~." I~.(:"

"'_f,I(J~) • i,.: m, ~"'(" {'~~oci" ~ .f_.

'"1lI~ ~'Wc limnw: f,f,au::r, n:aJ m~,. 11K' 'rl:".111 (r;IIll!C' or uur ~iw Ijf~, "ll'ilil i Qur hmu:.c, ;;t KIi't'Ib~

111~' ~ i:hen Imvilng ~f . ,. _r«lJ' '. ~n,aflltiD'n. ,ti JIll ~6c ~1;ttX ~ HI! !I!i~r pi ~ hkG'lU~ 1ci._'iJII~

",U nn ImJ,eP be I[h~ ~u: - nmiL'l!'! 1~6 \-\-"fII4{, ::md

lM '!A~a, iil pmi\-:at~ " .. illllI'!O ~ b:' r!l.i': 3a~~_hf

·lion to IIlIlu ,,,,:bKb B,(DI~ 'VIorW, b:. C\~

~ ~ y,~tli be ~"1:t)- - ~ ~-Ql rrimI: in "",hidl .l1I

_. , \Lhi. bFa' qyWlwim Md.. '31

flmls'1l1l. :lind lind hlnwtf,· ,·n: J,O~

>-ltM, , 3S

, _ CASA EN '1 A j\~ EmUI'OU. L.oS LfM rn:.s

!' _ ,!.Ie ~ . _F,lt"L'i:rw!>t-lcn lOOn - ~ ~ de: jb.r rr«:U('lIltr-n!:l:'Il~J: J~ '~~1l14l "imimldad' '. b. '[i 1'J",i La ,llnli~ . _. C'i'1..I _ '00 y'd J«ocli de 1~1fD_;1,"'il!~; :1:,

m.m;;rur UII l1miil'O io p.u;I ~ WJ iKl~lllIDl' dmuo f

;k.br cl, D) a~l!:'rior. u fun' ~ n. ~

mod 1"1~ b cK'2cidn de un «Ih~ 'qw ~ib:llil'oI ~

'~LL I..IL_. •. ~ .L._!II ..r. ._=.JIl_

I .Rm.W a 'iI~~r' $.U. Irull]]]RU:U )1 rruii&lI :m 'mos..

Ee b ~;ilri de hi ibu~, d h'mi~1l: .clc b. CL~ m.li ,F ... Illu.i b~n de:;~.a!i;1iluc d mUJf»dlo d'Io': b f'Jir:~nru~d

)" d m~IIi\(I'i:I' k tlCi. 1..1 -_ - Cf.i! cl @ndl: d hOUibR'

~.l ~ sw crcc:',f!~ f~' iJ~io:l:'lt'S, In i~nt~ qtlC' ~ rn.(iq Jl'f;.'1'~r~~i[~ r;tl ~p1Icio ,d~ Uili!u1__Jo. J~.lilj~L"' ~~j) 11mb~ ~I Qydltd!lj\6 ~pnd t. r:I A n:blid.td [I~rn ~C'~

bhl/;i~m6Rko..

Eml ~ de mm ~iif~nii,j} da~ <l:f'!ur.1li1 ~JI'i'ia:rtIilL~:iw &~

, • • _J 'l' I!.._' • b _-IL'I' • ~,(~ _Idi I

Y til WmiJU .. !5U~ flI~lIll'UI l!I.'.'1Ij '1iI~, .I~

1-] ILmiil~ J"'lIInk SiN' 'L.[fU Ir~ ~ "~ ddini&.lPOfqul:' !o!.l'QR &H ambiGJI'M' D1Uj!! dimrJ:ID5..1m'~I~ dl_ ~i~'~ )" de· b- • _" ~liH'\-·idm;:a,. :13 blK'OOr. e5i d eli -~

hOIli~, which ,d'Cfmts, the place of Ldsure, gn;:ara nrees pri ... :1,(:}" and makes i mj~i'J.;.'J~,.. p~'S.ibk,

111is ~~r.ni~ CUli:Sljt!J.I~~ UW d[h.~dillg liJ1,C be:nn."t:11 'one's m:r,rn: and '" norhers', The COIla:.'1I ~ - of", le·ili1I· and 'dirty' are aloo Ii rikodl ro [~ notion of th..,_. i j'j;&idt: of ~h¢ hou~.:., Thloi im;kk- of tile: bOLl&: is perceived U ., clean SJ:KiCC ::lml '[hI:. jX!r.iDn "''JI'ho m~ ~( clc;)n P:tl" cxcdll:lu.~ i!i llic' ""..-.;muu. 'Ihe fi~ll rc of the 'IN!Om::m h::l5 bt_'cn lin~ ,~~hh du: o~iliadll)n and maintenance uf ~'I w demesd

~W; ('IInml;:lI~,

,\:(luth [h~ ~ftl i nJullg of th~ n'OOde~1'II nrchirects, mirlll.ulty cm:crctl m-h.l!' d~m~~;s[I~ en i ronm.;:m, Tbe house '\.;"'ill!. frc:~oo from d~ (~m'fit.'Il, nd W3!1 re-thoug,hr. ~;h'iIlg ,pi:iQlI'il)l re its p F.l,Qrk31 h.LnoiD.n and iI1Ii:ilbUng lr ro be ~ fJod), hy i rs inh;]but';lBts.

Alison :aJid Pe[cr Snth~n dcscri,bcJ LI"l~ syn,rbvlie

thvd ling where ~hl! ;lInrn"Cr.5: ro ehe basic 11«"<..15 of m.OOi.:m man :J.!H! t~ be" boutd; elle '00'1.119!)';)!rd - piI,v:iliol1l' house, ThE: ctlUI"f}",.;mJ is ~II '10'1 Lcl~-d :ip;J,4;rf lila'u m3koC:!i, m l?"Y.'s~ble ftlT a !,ral~Spili.t'C'1U ~w,i~klln [0 oi:;I' wj!t~lin it, I L'L!' di 111~ n~ulls (.I( rhe ii;;ourly.ud are runc.hITIt'llrnJ; if L[ i~ ~10!' ~arg "" ...... lt5!1gh [hi! p3.vjJioli c.Ji11m1tH be n.'I.Di eoble.

The O1!r'i;hi [W[':'j i(:~b ..""...:0;: (0[). t.l.e:!iign the .f[I'U'CnJK. of ~c' house. I: ]is duay m::; ro ere n ~u:e rhe Ol)rm:~ r in which ,Jle ~~di1,,'i.c~~LlI] could fuUillminlsdf. TII~ i t~llklb 1('0111[, d r; '.:m:!s[' illl rhc' C.!I:'Il:! uf rtnl,.~t' ili'li:hioc-ct~. II'II;fI...;c~.; ~ign'i ami

i nillast~ uf tJie S&il.g.~ of hls Q\'i,'J1 clevelo?l'll:C'n.t :mJ Fulr.lmlilm ~'~~idlin [hb. strurture,

Mi(':5: van d,CII" Robe's r';3.nn~"'INurtlm huu~ tan be ~f1, M. an ~ .. mp.li:'. In this hOLJ~. ii:h1r imporu , - (!if rhc courtynrd is ~tnki:l1g. The pe~ol:l'$ il'llrirn~cy can .only tk~lup' in <l. :§:are pLKe. ~hiU: i5; rn 5::LY, in a :s:p~te d~9ir '!,Viill g,tj:fl_r.un:~ pri qr lmdJ,:r :tJJ circumstances, The sU~ll.~~~t dlsrusbance of r.h is t:llviroll rnent bud~1;l1't> til 'indil.'id !ll ::a.rnd cOlJl:5.oi!qut:'i:iImllr upsets his srate ~l( pclce.

Tilis house shCJ\'Il'S ehe ch~n,~ rhar raka, 1~:Jce in tin!

II"! rion .. ,,:f"i.r'L$,idlo:· and ·oLJ~id!:" • .[n !:lit' bomg.r.>ois hOIiJ~ , i ru i:clic' '\:o,ra~ 'W i thin tim ~ 'j.~.u Is () f (h-e h..{Itl s·e :nJld. 'Q~ ~ (3: t(Le" 'l;\!~ ~Ill W! :H.lrrotllf'ld ing;s of dj~ •. o.s;i.d.c'·-

III (11 - Mie:;; ~n du Rn11f: ~DLl!>C. rhe cliff"eorertci" ktw~~ "i lliSid~" ~.nd, ';j;;h\lnid.i:." u.nno[ Ib.:: SO 1C:.1it<L:r:iy d(fi'fleJ. 1'1: ~s ,difiiculi: to sa,. whe-re" [h,e \}Wicside· ,eJt~ :u:r.d ,the: Lirn;idc' begiir;as, E.::.ch ufl!: (~r.a ~{~ of'Mrfl'kn inc~ th.c' de;g~(' ,of iJlsidltl1~" Tni: illS[ pb~r:'ii~l ~inli[t. i~ i11C'

ddlrnltalLOJi (If t'J)(: ~i~_ The aexr om: i:> G~1II.," ~Ji~WlQ~ bmw~'If' d~!; Ilmi~ of d:r.c:: site Jild rhe p,h~ie;11 ~ns;[mc[iQn. Ii.. thinl onc' could be The: 'W'.31i..s; of [~c ~K!tilse. fkfoR." re;i'l;hh~g the indi .. icJu:ll niimsdf'rnt'K' is fiLIliJi,ruR.", clmi'~iI'Ig", .. There .L .. ;J gr3(htion of 'jlHi~deJ1(:ss' ;U~ ·;OlIB.id~n~;S:'j.'_

If! orn.;-x [[00 found his (',(_1$m s, mh ;m~~vijlml nOt..-.dll a rbce th3Jt, will aJJmv him (01) 'be: .,'1,'[' Po:K,f:' wi~h h i 1T~lf ,,.,hl~ pru\'idil g :h i m ..... i r.h 3 h:lSic inff'.1!'iFrucru,re, I FiJ a hO!ililc ""'odd. "e ean rk."'"IIer be 3( pe'.1C!<', Cd" n v-e be

~ .. -irh himselF.... itlrbDUI:J spaee mI'LM pro~d~ ,ill i 11.11 3f,kql,ljl![1! rrt:fuse.

P3.5sirtg 1Jr ·1U.~iQ Ito':,; house i n M~Omil:l:no.';r. thl1' "-1fC sees mrobitgn the pi "n, .. "(,)cI mE!1':.l1 P lnlr: 1:0;, lim! diiiOO¥er.s ""'rh",~ \\'1; rn.iyu Citll me rnass i...c cem re tl.t I Itt:' house: :;I c 1,)1 Iil crete block The ..;:irrul:Jrion reas, inChl~iing rhe !-lrairclS!:'" are in a transition ;,:.One $iJ,utlll.~nding [hi~ ClL6e_

WI.:: u'iiglu be tl,i!mpld ro ~J ili:l!r rth~ roof. SlIJ"lJ);W l'Cd by .;1 I ighl:\'t."Cighr til' ,""JC, ure, ,.ogctht"r with the p:et'Oed, rnet:l~ doors, d.dJ ne t.h~ ph)'ti.crd IslMil~ (If tht: house, :Hm'~"i!""l:'r! [he I ml~sp~lien;;:J' uf lh-e j;'1l1i1ce.riab: ~1.l)4,"!d ln [his dd~mi~:atiuJ I ~ii' u:aily annuls tlhi;o; Jimi)t'.

Ir is ebvious fh.1.[ rhe hou eo ,drl6 nn~ have four' m~w ,,¥<!.Its d'elimlcing its $,fl'"l0C'-

The housi:' i5 made up of a 'ffI)li"'n s of difieren r

envi ro;~rnnel~t!,;, The I!:Xlffnal '''':IBIs of rhe rube" rl!€ IllcE:A.1 barrier and [hliii rol~f d~A!I1~ [!:~ [imi: of [rho: ,~p;.~CIe' of !~~ house. This ~T;mS! arens mile' :!IUlI'IDllll&s. a djtTe.~rn environmem. CI:m~r. w I+I!I!' gc~m~~'~J1C oe ntre of rhe plot [h~rrC i.s rli hisJ1lt 3t"sili~[jc orol.um,~. The OO!10'ct(;' ,mdx st'.:lrtcb (tWi[ ilm COiUi.lSr with dh~ igh~:n~!l?Jf [hi:

eire u 1:0:1 do]') area, Til is o-mcr..:;n:' rx~n, dosed to tin: outsi:&r ~cc. \'l.o;c:IJI'i'i me' drrul::n ion :m:.":1 around it like:. veil, 1~1 (;onLra£[ [0 [he fiirr~(' s:p~tre, 'til.:: ro~ h;).;;; cl~1ri1y outl i ned lim it .. s, nli~ -l".Iiill".LL'Olliil:r.eU( is rh(! sole dominion (~f ,,&it:' dweller, 'Ihe lm;fO ml .. y 0 ~~e m!l:lit:t:f~ai1 :;md thi:' finisht~

I r the flrloO.[, cdl i 11§, and "..ilas, both mll!JirJ~ .'lJui ootid-e', :give rhe :s~n!:;'''ltioll Df it bot.i~i!; .t :pu t\: w~ppcr" Inis 'bunke,' can b i~u~n;:'t(ld;u ~ s~ce dll:}f die rI ..... dllc::r hM provkkd hi,rmclf w1l:n. 00 pm[OO[ hirn!id'~ from .he Hl!rro nlHI ir~g .. :;md bt:' ,il: ~ peace' w ith bj,rru;o:.~r.:

,Another dC'lTlC'Jl,t ll1l.'lt "M'iu(" thi:s si'~ ['t' I]' l';v(I 5~p5.1t(' .ad,wnf.a@C' of tl e.s is nt ( ftnly th:~u' the: oo:i].vt:Dt,ti·on ,<1:00 ,~dD:$ t1pillel; is ~'C.r dl3i.lJi rih.e cm::r:mo::;e

~[rn de- h"s pa.nlIck:s r:k 1>"Ii ~~ 'qtLe' dcll'tli: cl ~tJ;g."lIr: dd ocio.J F.b!lJt~' 1;) pr,i,varidad, y permite Ja, imimidnd.

.&e<: ~lmi[(! rJ::iliinilillll If~~ de ~~.Q,tL C:t.I.t~ 10 $!.1ytJ riD cId ;'Dtro', .Ii ~9 ,ftIXiWt i:!Id interior d.;:.l, C<1SiL I!';;:!,._IllJ:M.ll Ci!idu, I~.os los moccptlJi!i; de '10 'Iiml~o' y 410 :$OC':l.O:, B in~rii(lf' de la ~,&!: oolldllog' OJIflO un dp.tdo limpfo }' 1<t perso:n:ll, pot e:~l!iIe.ndili pam l:r1J9Jit(~er la ~iflil!pJ~~ ha SOO lilI ,i:'IiiiL*V, L'II 'AW.~~' !iI!:: b, .fllUj!.'1i" ,~ ha .can~mdo rtOfi cd Q~~nE'el!lnmit,]to y la (J1;g.1lni¥",'lcioll d.d .u~ibh:o do:rtl~tko, En ,~l p~MtrnieJu,Q df! 1m; :3Ruuit'«tn~ .ftl,("kmll)~, 13! if':'".l.cion"l~d h3! :P<:fI~frad,G «t d ambim'O cbJiiestiOO, La ':;;~3 ,ha, :sidlo li~r.'!iJr). dl:' su ,dt'OO.rntirJFii r refi"!o"'1l~ primand,o u n.IOOOIii pci!:t- 'Y fa.ciJit";lncl\o :so Ilbfe' It;u:'U~J;:ldn po.r pure d.e $U!!' h:l:hlr~IiI[C!j.

.~nl r l"er.e Snlirhsml, hlln ,~r;;:riro, fa . .ivk,n...-b ~1l~b61ic!!' I!;.,. Ia cual ~ C'llKUIel:'!i!J:;'tl'lllas ll'eSf1u~1m a hiS ~idad~ bwC!ls d~ oomb:rc :mlodr.."iITloJ la e ~ ·p:urOlp.abc4l6Ji, ~I I(l;'ltio rOl'nlm un ,cspMio C('r.mil.I] qLL'C port

dJ moo ?O~ibjJir-.J ~ e;'!;iist-ef~ciiti de 'L~IJ. J.liibdlmi fnllrupartll'f'C', las dim I1dO:IlCli del ~ .S(I<J1 frimD:ocliiah Si el pado 00 ~ wJJJ:::ncfl{cIil];eill!e ~_l1!de 11::1 pahl:.ll6n n(Jo pu.«ie ser h.::Ib.itabJe,

E.l :uquil~ 'fen1:) q~' dts.eiiarr 19. 'l:StruClt~u~ de b casa .• Su &mer e~ c:t~ r d CO.lito.L'O ~n que el ,iln&rirluo pudi.'Cta I"¢l!liil:li'~ :Ii d minto. El h ... bit:J.D&~, qu!:' en ~$O d.(: dliclms ,'l·t:lroJl.~S eea el 'Mris~!, lId3cj.a s5&"1Gc;. e ilm~~nes,.d~ h~!Ji J~ eli: ;5.1lI prnpi:t 'reaiiza.d6f!1 dcnUD de (';Slta e rllla!,:ll";1!La Clr::J. Farnswoth (Ie Mi~ Viin de Ro'h.-e se pxlrn':1 mmar. cmDU "iW'LliJ;']O_. En ,!5t.t ~ llama 1;.1, :1!t~nci6.1l 1:.

t(;k'!,raoo:l &:1 paA:w. La imimi&ad, did hum'bire. solose rm'l:d~ d.esurollOll cfum:m ,.r Ilnil lu@1' seg~lrn" es odb=i.1; dtJ:'l11:1'O de lin espacio 'qU1.' gU~D(i,lij¢ b p,u1vacidild, ~D ,Ctlalq'llli;::r cirruJl~rlli:\ci;1i, la mas ~ ~rmfoociJ.5n de este 3!nrlb.i.'::IIU,e ineo.marda 311 i~idi ... ithJ.o.' t..;;'ft! ldo rOOmo ,oom«~l\CTtIr:::ia ~u and!} I!;h: ptiz.

ES'ra casa, po:llC e'J1 C\'idl'fJCIm, ~ Gilii 'Ilia q~'l.Xurre m, I~ nuciof.\es ,de 'irr~r1or' y dr: ·.:lXt'er.lor' _ En h c.1Sa, bu~-> ,I "iPfc.i.cr! e: :sitU;), ,da1J~ro ,de: JlI!S .Jllrales d'!:' Iil. ~,.r d ~cx~!r_r:ioll"' ·oon~~ cn d ool1junlJO de ]00 .d~d~ d!: es~e 'iru:~ri;f;jr'_

Ef~ l~ C':lS;.l. d l" M its VfIn ck: R~H=. :1::. di;fi~n~;!~dit ~IU:rc: 4mtcflor' y' ~tc::r::ior" no :sii: pLL~de ;Ildiear' "it- ~rm1L tltf'l 'P'~- Es: d5«ciJ ~ d«ir aondll=- ~rnpi,C7'.a d "i fIJ[erior' )' ~nd~ :.tGiba d ~~iJir·. :E.. ... iEs.te W'l:1 .~LJA;nd:l de: b!li!;!jc'J'aS

'1 al mz;:Ii.f 'Col! flii. ILJiIJ:J ,de esn . a !.EIl-ro'T.!l!.\a d W~d I;) d~

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mm;:flQflil:Ju" uri .P.rJ,i1'm!m' ,m"UIr mK".tie:i:, kL 1lJ, . l'.FI'!.IUlC;to:ll

dod n::rrenoo. E1, ~egJ.lnilQ SC' :!iiD~Utl m ~;'!i dj5~~d3. ql.lC Kf"ru~ b. ';:0[1 rrucdon tl5ica (Jc.V Hif'I'1iw del I!:eru:no.. 'UM1 'f rQ.;"'ro p.llll"de.n SCIi l:w. ~des ,de b..::JS."l, )1' ~jill~ ~ IL"iF aI indiivirduo m~n se Itrlirui:nrt;[{Jj Ies ,Flrl~bl~, b ,ro~ ... , "

'C'.~' d -. .,~.. . '.Ji Ji .J' ':',J~.I"

L1OI~ gn:Ji gr:i' ~,lacL'1JoJj, u.e ilJltcttQJ'1iJ1~1iI y af: Ci:(rf:rl.or~l;!!_

:EI ~ndlm""i&LLo. ptrn rnll'd!.v 511 cesmos, ft~im YJL ,Iupr

, • • r' I

que toe pernl'lCl, estar en ~ eon u ml3mo j" qUill .a ,.a ~'ql

le p:11O\~, d;::: una mi~fBesrnIr;;;t'u 1';11. biiisic::a, En, un Ifmnd~ h05ciil" nUIIC;;t pue<l.c: Itcgar 3 estar ,en pu. ;l! esrar con s1 miismo!, ~in lin ~pac;io que k: de ~u6delilte .a:r'nr-ai'O" ~d.o, :JJ !lIru) de ]" ~5a a.:= Taro Iw ~Jl ,lo.~?ml2.1W11, 1.!I mimdil pasa 0Ii Uol...&i -ric- ~D;$ prutel~, de .1'IltC1~J p'~~rf:or.ad!JS, y d~bre,~ qLll' ~ pxirIa ,ckirmmina:r d «Jl'CW ~~~h~Q ~. b em, un ~uoo de 'Irormig_D.l1J, Ia dt't':~~hfjc:i.6n. mn lit c:sal"'tit, 5,", ;;;;n~nLT::Ji en liIli~ .or1.a de u~;sici.6n. "'lJUl~ ~"drubo,

E.'1i iliii'l prinolpioo!5~ ~driR d~ir q.W~ d n:dto. SClpo:rt1Idu per !aM ~tn«:tur:i H,gei'il, junro 'IXin las pUI:'rtu. -dlc- rn~~ ~fn[";]d.'l:!i:. dmif'),en b l~rli1liu::s, fi::i~rei d.e tt.t, 1!rll'S.;}. :Re:r.o. ,jh, mrupatre.ooa de I~ m1!f.cr. de esta deli mlJtacidrJ, ;MU "'!o'ist'ialf'fl!l!nI:e' ~ limic'E;.,

!Bs; Cilwia 'tJiLi.<l fa easa no [k;n~ a;n'i£ro :pa~d¢; mn~h'U qu~ m·l.i.mi ran :S;Ll !iSpa cie,

!La casa est.l cDm~ligs[a j?Qr una rcur:m:I.'1 de ;1'mm.:=n·[;c:s; diili~Jl'~, Las pU~diS o;:Rri~ d~ cu1'VJ. !las '1!i.lI1aJ. me~l!~ }·',el [iL,;;:ho d,dl~ i!i!ll1mlle dd, e:~ekl-d(: b easa, Esta ztm9. de rnLns,par.mci:.l, ('ml'lltil~ ,mf(J; :imbrell~, M.ts !tad!;]. el o(e.mro goo~r.ioo drillt<r:nr;::fJO se !!:'110jr::.J1'L ~ft .. "QInm~n muy cs~~hjoo. fen (ii},lltr.;i$fe eon I. ligC::fe!'1I! ,rid ~a: it!! ~dllll;LJhciol!li g_ desDCdII. tm '';1,11:.0 de hotmig6n. E.t;rn, parte d :1'lOrmfg&l y c;:.rrrucio asea r;l ,~pacio e~~r,iof U~ 1:1, m'll:] ,dl! .tirrnl:lldon oom.o IIJn

\"!."I~, :En ())m:'l'aS[,t= lOOn d pr.i In'lilf irr.ibim, d cIiho Lie~ un~, limlrcs :niuy birm d~[;1Ca:dC!s., Ern: ufl1b' en.[~ 1l"S do:minia l1i.nk:o. <i\cl hahiWJfli:e'" Li uni Forn'lidad d~ f\'\,til'erii1B r ~~dt'i! ~ d, suclilli. ,t~ho "! pa.n:d.::s :11 lniK'l-"1Of r ;)], C':on,r;.rii,~u Chm h sesi6..r.i. d ..... Lin pum C<J~vo'hr:orlo. &t~

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. 1 lfl!.,J.ed 0 res y de .es~r en pil7. 0011 sf fnis.;~1.Q,

OM} ~~.lmli!!l]I~O qIU': &"n;::: ~l\: ~p:lcio son los d.os ~lQn~ No 5&1.0 'Dii'teen d ~riD de 1m;'Ir:.~i&l~'

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! ~·,.d, .aJI] d ilh-r::rt'"110 [\'" M() re p Ii'n rec ~ ed i tl ,:1 'W':Iy. but. a6.u I:bl"lf. dl~' pl."fS sn '~vlm eruees thi5 11 LLd!:'u.s hil.lo :j!j, vl;:'W' O'IICI ~h.,;' "d.:Jiil scene' wi.hout lbei~ g dir.;crly ;mnh'Cd in ia' .. It is oroly by ~Lfi"g down (11· !;':~ps dm~ Ith~ j,ntlivi,jutlJ: ibeoom~.s i mt&r.a~"d, and enters int-!J! ~he 'fJ)i~ of rtM..~:!hle C0n"'CI~a:~[),1lS or m~t1h. he or~g~n.11 Oilhe i!'i di:lDrnn:d

i 11'tO ;'L roct.1 r'iSLLI:.r ":-'"mw i ", \ bieh Ij:O ~k and eer, ~"hioh h:;l~ ia eon tiUlJi.l.!t.klifli ir.Ji a ror.ri.doli ilur 'is s p~f.i1 [,~ ~ ;l! .djffe~rtc:e in bd. The ~~r that UliLs ~_ngle is Ixlo.w grounrillt.. .. "",:J. i UQl(~ rhe pro .. ~[i,(u! aspecr nill H'ili'1'h.4.i'f. 'FlI~ k:'I,'~ Qf 'f~m[oa:i:Ol]' in~~ fn'!.m d~o ~fimr;t.::1I' [01 Itne CI!IlitIl'1:':: Jiml the' if. uladon arw.,"3!. th!!.n il1'lsid.e IJte corttn1:r: !!:uhe <rim:! ~il!!Od}', [:h;: dli:ff~~fict. lin :1';;;'lli1 "",ithir~ m-e cu'l:!Ie_ The ~ilTliut [!;. t b)· IJili: ~v.::IU.s of ~.h(:' bourgeois house Im~ ~nl' ;'I, ~L1LlCl!iU' 01' sphi!'l?: It· ar lead flum nl.e pu bI! it: IJ; o [h i: P ri v::m::. I'J] ...... .rJit: r io en {¢f the h (111,.&:' i 15 i~ m:C~:JIUY [.0 p~ lhrough Ul~ q;n'llironmIl:Dt'ii: ,".rh!t~ th-t d~e Gef pfi\f:lr:y in,'c~ \\'i~J, e'lil:ry!!..'P.

r"!.n a.rrrempr. to (Idinail. dbi.;; hou "vbliges~, to w~y [h~ CO'Jl~~lJ!t uf lilllh. J~ i;5, difF'r.rula: [0 s;:ay wh~1:'I:: d~~ pLJiblk ~~;'I~e ~ds an.<~ [he liw1.I!'i.· 1x~1~:S. he u·.1d iriQlliJI ph,r-"OC:al Limi~ tl't UUi: heuse n:L'lIe li[~m.lly beooli:\~ mnsido.lfII ;1!~:i1!i-

TQ)'O 100 has achr~ a lio:rnl LJm:I;;a~ Ion of [he OOJ1.tu&.oll of Ihni~_ Ir is pan:ntly vi~~hl;,;: lai .JH~ fd~doruh.i:p or dirtlCt: {'"u:f:mJi.g_1,i' ~l~:rn rthis MIl5C ;;3.rild the city. bet .. ~n ~~. c:Jo.; .. dk:r :mdllihe ,:ii"[D:teIil. fm- tru

fh i ¢~iln,~ is man iksrrecl in 31 wider ,~·~.m;;);;'PI[; ~hr.; mass-media l1~t'WI.JD"ks broad.c;w , .... ·ha.r. is p'ub~'ic: i nte ~lC prir.. teo $P~~'

·Virma.I' [r'.Jrup:!il'l"'m:y thJ1(;1U,gb Ute- :f!~f!,\'Q~h: r:i1;J[ h3''I! :JID'i.:s{"n in she oomrl'uulIl(:;'Ulom :mcLt:1:y ~lJJL-'U];m~ ~

bui fl'k >. rhsr rhe hDuse houJclI proaJ.r"l:. \~ It ls t:~r.n:'[!:'.cis~jc·iJlf lif-e' ~n ~hi~ S>lxiet}" is rhe un-li mlmtien, mt:' d~S;IJ)PWj[Ulrx OJ nl11tme. of tlK lim,ib b;:,l,w!:;:n prh'al!;(, pa,'o: and puJblic !>~'QCC'. b ~ i !'!JtlmilCY and frankness. We t.:ouM ~\}' Ihat' [he hrn.n!1.e' h 3 Ix-.:::n Up;e1~d up ;}nd. d~ffil,lSh [dem:lI:·jcs, 6s im-erLQI;:led il'u~'1' ;II C,i;),IllLl!lUnra~iofi~ n.:r .... 'Ork d~;u . lnif,C dl'C' \\·lIole' .... ·oAd. Thl1' [f1'[im;,u~ s~oc of [hI: h.iJ-tlo'it: is il:hL"ft-by aOO Sl,jb['!JlL~d, ~ mE' p.rocc~ wbl"r,e~, ~oe is hom ~l1Jt~~_ TIx sphi!'re ili f "MiS F n.. .... ~ ,tdy ~.Ilalt.m :as, "priV;3t~' ~ b!.!'IJiS ;u.ih.d(~ffited by ~hE' new EC:C.b.f1Oa~"

J~\~r:!!r E.dl!~.r::1Jr:iJ d€'Krib.t~~ how dl~ wrJ~d nf tdcrn3,'[[O p£'J1Ctrnle8 01.1 dwcll;9,~. If d1i; hOLl~ is; ~r.Ii op:!fHllJilltiW' with (he- l!1!yt~idr:: ".,~~ltI, thorn chi~ ~ a1S!'1' -irr"! npEIl ~m .cr wi'[h (he Ii.mJ •. ·~" V:;'hac is ~cft, of Itn'!:, ~lh::.m,C' !JJc'3lI:l!ing tt-F Lhli: hOIllN if c~£,,"_''''''Qrlcing, v.ideo-;;:(J'l'If~~f'I~ing.. [cll;;· sh.oppil1llg. diif:JitLG':: 1t:'l:lu£aliufli. !d~~~:~IJ~ E::[a;:,. .ill pi!']l~tnn.e O!JJ1i' piiil'SQ!1;JJ, p'r.h~? 'Wh:ilC (lDtl ~;lL1m~ ('(ms~t of fur coorcrnpor.:llf}' m=m ~f ;'the I iioO'LIsc" is ol>cn to ~ pLLhlicr MrUl" tlmli: b.tsis {I ~. this wmm !,!Jl.i(:'3!ciol1'l OOCK'1Y;, is

"OnslJlI,:«-d ro bt: a creature WM m~ his !l.:n".~; his cltt':!:iRi.:nTII Dr hj~ iiociaJ p~:r.st~jolil! 10 !;M d~ to wltidi I r;:' is ilble £u a:s.s:milnu:: nd [~lI1Smi( nnfoIiIT'l.atLuJ'I,

ii;Ol1.<Cf!nr:~[i ng on til!.:: C:W1~id.c:: .... ood ..

The run ... <L."~ IcS :I~1!;I 11iI.~'ii!. The :PllhUc S~J.{i!~ Df tn.c ei~~ fulfils, ee ",un domt:S'[!c 'Fimc[;un!- th;lt bdo~g to p'rh':lJ(;«: ~p::l';;;r:.. \17.h.ich :Ii.Iie· the fui"b tio1~~ llw are' :1l,unhLln:d Ki the ~~ oJ tii~ 'hoUB~']'

tli th[.;gt~mcz.'Ii'v:J house, d1C a.'iillr.il ube comains ,1. brg.;:- ~pacc 'l"Ihkh pn.'!'I'm ;,'I pJ~ rw [he 'k~[[:hen' lind [he ·d~nil1l!;~i'OOm',. The'it:: funcriom are iJl;l.tLiGllt~ un ,i-J. vel} clc~ f.llll}' ~"'1IY. "111c ·.kjlGhr:t~·! wf!.n~ed, '[0 ;:J. siink uni[ along ont w-a1J, Thr:: ·dining-room· Rs: i'ndiG'LtEtl b), ;;i tlhk lif by !:'.';,n bmp!i. Rml~!o':r dl3Ul rul6mr~ d:l~ ,c.hamaeiri mics; of th~ t~d;r10n!11l ~pn~ tb:u hold [he CIf'~iity w bi'i~ r"Me r~II!i'Hy 1!l.1f}"'lhil!ll". dw ;;;u'~ ~tldOM!S ~ oo.~ic lC!h"]~[o,: 1:·"~'t!:iJ1£l and ~~ng. The: &mi~' ful1c[ion of the taMe does noe e'{i!l for rhe ~ndBvid.uaJ. (ro..i"i.di"lTC: th . ~:Jhk- only .!Oi8n~rie:s: its: p.r...:ti~ fltllfluiQnOn\! Q1!lJ. prf'Stl.m e th ~ t p;ilrt (I f ah e r l'rl:'IIi rJU-" nUl.CI:i:Oll Cl f the, hUli~ has been ~m'CJJTcd into sn lIIGbiJilli , .ithllll U1e.city- l1lm.s c."Ct~U[~DIi1J u;!'''''''rI.ds: I[h~ cit)· ~Ij; ~plk.id}! prescnr in the Pao'i!;: tl1.<.tIf l'oyo Ito ~:li dpigllA;ld. T~ are irmmded for huiepc'milem w-orking 'il"oli;i;§l. ~ ~pedfk social group! ilh.:i is mi1ii11 I -fj'!' -cd! h}! ilrs nomadism, nevel' I:i rmiij5 of the ';OOjly o.oll~. The kG" till i.],C'!!C 'hOLlM';S' i ~ .scries of p'i~s o:f rumirure ,th:!lt {hdfin,-= p:aITi(;ld:rr flmcrions !Ih3{ .lire i f'Il\p;iJfI mil: ~9 l!1,4,.""SC "'''fQmJ:l1.

"U'hb house creaces <llJtmosphi.'."['(.'S [1i.:iJt ;:ire net dmrocd ior

:1 speci f[.C: d\\>dli.'."r. 1 hC)r ean ." 11111[,c.tp"''f~ as; tile ·&dlni!IOI ~ t..f <lfil.p:,1] i romnec.n'[ d~ nas. b~ Cre~rtrl m h,,'(le.ive a I..LSIi:r_ Th.:: mviiron.nti.'!::'llt' h~ . , l'lfl~vers.1!1! :;'I"~I.. h· is .1. pu~, neutral I tm'i[rJ. lwai~ing J!;5; comin,g odupil!l1it'" Ie is lilw ;Jj ~rll~ rn.l[ provides arrsin e'knl~lIw'::V iU.1J!:::r:i.ons. minimum dinh.:nsi!!,m~ ilI00 :;1 1le\I!f!".,!I1 sp.;lDI:'_ lQ.m Ilo:'s hu' 'o!JdinC:5.m r;fii',,'irQnD1l~nt :await~mg il:s dv.tdkl. l11~ hOLl,S!.': i~ ,a rodll.cti01i ",f dl!;;' spaa: (ilu '~Mr,;:

U_'k-.d to Clil "liUL1S(!'. I.e ;;::ui ~c aim tb r;.! ,dr:me~lt!ll.CY :5plre kli' lb.\:' ~;W.Ct'II<Cl; Qf m~n~ ,rRvoi.d. of IUXUJIJ' 01" ,~-JdS. t'[r) wlk,~ an inK"fPI'CI~lIiml (If [II~ {~l)',' . lilie ~'t<IJli nl po-J!I1l[ ro fo.rmml i:s:e .f1 Sp3~ fOi ilrT].' ~T- ~'[ i;:; 'ill re:BUgc:. \~hy :Ji f!tf~: A I"cfu,g,e f1nm ODnu!ml)Dr.u)' :socicry? "J)1h: r:twclbc-rs, ImnJoc.·r fur prut'b'1;,;~jr.m ~il'l'::;' ~~'ri5 ,oourrul1'lOOUS ;ll~ti'i.(b rOf.! the ~ilndlviidu:Jil~ ,pclm~m~iri~

Givr;;:n fh r die Ust'1T can h.aw IJlIJi.f\l:tllm.rd il.ilJ'fIIt. (t whit -anY"".rhere in rlJ~11' 1NUrlrl from hJ:!((, ill rI:J~re ::I

lf~e~<!lphQtiC<lI sick m [his l:mn:kcr1

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de wnil".r ~~'oojo d;;:i IIlMI.d.e 1::11 oCl'lthllda, que queda QO.fT1K'.i ftlM p'L'O!"IJ;gi.fu. SUITL'O qll~ t;J,~Vi'bi~n lil que .;;m!'!:';} ,en esre rnicleo ~~ime una "'~[:rl·· bee 'I;i! '~mi ootidjma'. sil esrar diiR.~~;Jln~iUC: 1;1,'W:l:dadQ ,1:'.[11 Cs['a" S'6LIo b;]j::rrndo 100 ~·t~nes; e~ ~tl;dividuo se ~f.'LR'g~ y eng Fil <L'"Jl d espacjo de PQ5~bl~ OO:r11{('~ ~O~ o "nm~dl: s. IE!I moo D[1Jginali se d.cfofrr:'kt ~il un!!: 7,(Kni1 I"II.."Cmngull;:ur dmllk ~ ~bl;;li y se come, 10011 [iru.l';tdll! poT un p~n(J. ~j)!'i1do per' una di.It.'iIll'ilKE.a de ni~il!f. .ru heche de qm: este ["t'(."lt.:Uig;uS O:!IJ!i~l'~ hi'J.(e q~'c 1it~&I,v:r:l aumente ~I 1!I~f.~ to d~ pror«:cNSn_ E], nivel de ·pru~>~"O:; 111'. m~r,::!1Jt:l! desde el pcrkm:1:ru t~u.: - a. "-~ eemro: primeeo ~Il! J.i 'Wlltli & .::iK'Ul1-JJtii;.'iiJ~, d~t5. d(.'li1tro tid ruoo d;;:; hOo'i"mlg6n y~ po]'" ulrl IllQ',. b.1!jando la ,diJ{."J:e-IiN dt: flh':I den r,r~ tid cubo,

EI ~Llllite' de la:s paredes ..,;n b ~, bUIJ,LlL'S3J se ,I:ha.

ro['jl\~rl ldo ... ~, una S'C'CLLem:i:a, de e:sftntS q;L:i~ ;"'<!J:I de lo rilblico h.'1.t'iI'a ~o privadc. IJan :irecwr ,j], la ~ se rienen qut.' nlIlM am ... .aIi'lblr:I'liI~ ~kmd!e el grilido de priVllcidittL ail.'ot:' ';:0.11 ada pa:S<i:h

lin in~nro ,de' delimitar ~t;l ~, nos obli~ a rnaIiuf d rona:~mJl de U"mi~~. b;. diffdl d "( dtm.de se :K":Ib.a, l:!. ~ l' dm~d e ell'lpjl,,"l.;1 ~I ¢:-lpado :pUhl[(o.. w Itliii~t~ [t'.!A.Hcional.n:~m.~· {j~ioos de b c~ se hen OOTl\\e,fJ.i,dlll l.i~iI'ilJ:[l,elu'e en L111rui "W1\r"!!: de 'u·''II'I:Ilid6n ..

TIo).~ h-o h .. h~~Oi L~rlll, II"l"oldu.:;ci&n. l:iRTILl, de ,,;:;s~, runfusii6n rae Ins; I rmlltL':i. Din-.i:ull M~ '''',bjhl~ en 'I ~1"ld~1n 0 el immK'cr-cambi-o ~HK"(.'to '\i11'~~ 5U iC;]~ )"]a QIJJ&ad. 'I<'ntre d l1.ibi~;,Iil~"4 r el CiLL(b:rd:IJn~ P_;rnu 1100 ~. te i.rt~"'i:'Cil4~!bJI.'l! $\l:: nUIll~r~rn !:'Il! UIl! ron~p~ Il}.u (IImpHCI~ d.ifi.tnd.;: to publ ic,g, en d . paeio pl!'h-ado mL'diltll![e.' ~Ias roches ,r~{! I~ m:;~$~,i'lHid~'!..

La. tran P;"i.i:"eno1:li ",,.ir~l!Jal· ,3. ,t.:aves: de hs rtd~, q~rt: han :m; "do d.:ruro de Ia i5oc1r:(1ad de la <conumicad6n. am e n azan .19 in ci mid a;d .q~) e P' 1IDC'IL1r.IJ rl:l B.r, casa, Lu

aJilii! t~r.'Isf;kot) d~ ''l,·i]..·ir. t.'n i3I;iI, ~oc:ir:d:;tI. cs ta JI~~Li Ini '. ion; ~I 'L"~c:::i' .... "tnea:r 0 d romsJt"r ]r;)~ lln~mw.s ¢.!'inc d ~~io pn·jl3.d.o, r d, c.:slx:rd-u, pub.1 ioo. 1;,:!lU riC :i!I)lI;umidad y ~.r.'L,qu~.tIl. S{: podrr~, d~f 'q!.L~ L'l. c,"l!S;,1. ge h:l abi~llio if pur g-mtiiQ "k" I~ ~hl1;1itio.:r, $I!! h.3. enm:·I;jz;jd\o ~n !.ma reel. <:1- ..;;:oml!lnicaci.on que "me woo' d m~~I;r..i"t{j. .. A~r d ~pat:iD uliiltimo fl..! b ca..;;:a ~d. :'iolJlllt."ddo ClmBJm~n l'd pru~ d.e Ill. lloJ1H)~'1't h.adon &cl ~xl!:.io. ru.ilmhlil:o ::uu,;;ri(J:rmcm~ mamiKlcr. 'pr.lViJlo· :5;::: '~";;t adul~ [..'lor ]:l!S n.LlC~~,

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j:i'l,ie-,r :E.;h'!';.·,:lITl:r, Ci5Cribe oornm d nim,do d~ I;

~1.il:rlmkiiQI. ~x:.Iilt.~tr;;j ;;;:n U!JI!;.'::!!U"",,"~ 'IIh.li.;:fK.~!O. Si h C::1i!i:ll ,~t;;!j, '<'Iii ami;,. :t~ abi~Fto on 'oi !nunda (xr.erKJ .. , 65« iCa!llibl~rI, ~~.'" I[r~ .-;omaao ~bk~ro ron b rnS<i. (Qui quc-d:~ d,cl :::ignifLC;;td!r;r. simb6~iru dcl hOg<1r d ,d ,dr;.-l:F.:lh.ajiT:!.la. .. t~I.eKunio.r:ic:!s. d !~ .4hopping; b L.·ILe-olo.ducacitifil. d ~~~ 060, ..... ~nctr !f1 ~n b ~y.rivacr.dad pt"rSOoit<rJ? (En 'qr~l~ Q1r,!5i.~!f!l! f!U hog::u .dd ~IDJtLhr<!: ;tCli~~tlt!'n~cln,,-,.:1!, :5~ '1;1 c.;:r.'h'L'

S~ ha ::r.fi;iei"tr.) hacla le p(lJblim? EJ Jmmhr.:e, c;lU~ .f1)1'Ir1ll l1, base ~ ti tot::5:00 r~d rJii: COll1lldliii~d ion, es~ , CQn.~~d.~!:r:Ldo .. rClImn. un ser que: ddx' SUi ":i,,.;rgi"~. su amo· "ima 4] ~u ~10s:'ic~&.r~. :!:.t:!!!daJl • Iil.fiil-edlidil en (ILr:-c' es (''''lIi~ d.<;: ,a.s,hujJaF ). cr.rnsmiul" b irr fonnmoll1i oom.l:lnrjn~e ~"111 !!:1. rnundo !i;5if(:ri'CrT_

~I~'rimb:ien ·l");i~ct:· c OpLIt.1:S~L", [I] ap..:l.cio !P'uMi,ro de L1. cilll~ I,l.mpl~' :b1g1lnas h:U"e~ dr)r:'Iti.&~ less p~,pb.~. dd oCS~.dD pm~o.. ~ClljJes: ~IJF! las 1i~rn;innE'i 3itribuidoo esp"'i.c[ci J~ la .~'~

F:ir1 ]a ~l ,M.q;mnl!'l"~\\~, el rubo C~nl~Ji'il.J !l;:onri!:"ll.e lin gran ~l • .cii(!l. 'qlll~ da JlIIg<ii' ~ "I ,,«in:l )' "d COIiT !!dur'. fUlnciu.1:L'l"S de ~te .,,;:sp.~t;:OCr. estrin lndicadas eW~IU.,JIDel'ne. 1."I. 'coon,":!i ~trii'l:&: a un r1f~dcm ,il ]0 hrgo de lIIml [J...l1Il..J .. EI • 01 ~~-d(!lr' ,r;:;~, !;.t'lJn¥.1.rc.:"tdo P'l'

1::. m~, illlJ~itln~adl} [;i®~ @5 lJmpat':'!S, M~ q,Ut' Q.lrm:nplir Il:fI IJm; ~i'<l(;~~fjj\k:lS de estes ~pacios ~~dido!''''1ne'i1 que ~ -J.fl, Cl~ ~.de' reunir h G milia cl, Ib.., encierra des

cci"'idl::LdC'.s; b<i1.l,i~·,- OOlllle~ y l'I!}1n!::Jlr_ ]~[";] el indj .... ~dll(.1 Ia. runoun ramil hilt d~ b r.nf:'illi [to. Ci'LtS'De'. pur ;;;oIt wyr,;ncia la mc:s."'l! :5-014') riene :51U nmci6.1l! 'pr.ir;>r~'U

.Sl.':.' podrfa mp.u~J..:t" '!llU~ ~H~ '&11" b tunciolil :Jlrlit"~ri~)r ,11~ la (,11&1 .'>'C' 1m '~H"~_' ido fofll LUl."I acci&n delilfru <L IiI ay&itJdEsu. ii;:"\fQl~Ld61l ~.CBa b .cillJdad. esro prescare cxpUciit t.'n les P"lOIS, d.i~:Kl!o pi;)[' T~'Q Ito. Los l~:u:~'s SCi" UI1I3S propuest '1)3ta nuiercs ,ind~p-i..'nclM!iJ1R":i y trnbilja.,</;wir."i ~ Es~ grnpo :o;ooal o;pi~.'Clfi.co se nrrnc.cti'l'.;1, .~r .~r !:L&r1f~:lIda:s qu.>e nunca ~ (;.'jlls::!f! rlll:! :~.1 ·oO"IIa.~ c)[}tocli::um'. La d:we tI~ esc .. s ' !l:a.ri es un:r. serie [k m;1.I;:!bJ~$ {:I,UI;) .dcfinr:!ll ~U1_1J'; hmelones i rnporranre P"dl'a ~1'I;,y;.

E...:;~ ca..~:JJ CR'::l um~ ~m6i [,US q~l~ i1'lJ ~cin d~r.l1Iidm para '1]]1 ih~b~t:IJ[1jC';: ~Pf-.;;:~ffi 00, 5c: podna iITl(~rp~t=l1i ('0 inO una tld"iuid'll de 'UJl :<lml:.tcm,~ creJ.do plrn redbi . UJ' usuarle. EI im'bito tiene LJlI1I ruiP.'CIO IIni\N,~1. E.. .. un ~erri~:Qrio, puro )' j1~ I cii.!!l que- ~E).i!r., :ru pro::.;inm ocltjX!l.ij·,I. Se ;l .. f;meji1l" U.l1 rdhg,io que- ip'~e '1'1'!:lS ll.Ul>cinn~ d,;;:ml:lwrJ~, IIlnaS rli Il1#':ilSiQI1!~ ITt rn im;.'l£ J" un C'i~ ClU nCLJt!Illl

La C:-.i!i<\ de To}.'Q' Ito 'll"ldlini.':'J un :imbi.to tlU~ ....sr;M:r~ :5.'bi ImbitaJl~" L1l ,c:L~ (',Ii; u:n::r l\.~d~JOl.'i(ion dod '~pitdi;) q,u~ J1I]I[,1!3 t"klTlli)min.~h{IJlMos \;;;r~a' .. Concili'lw d, i;:Sp.aclo. ekmer.ilrtlJ p.:1lI"lII 1 ~'i:Ucf c;j~ d.il h mlr..m: • .sUn !Il:lda &: ~HjO, HI doC' 'l?;~o. !til ~' b,1$!, 'Cr:i :;U ililirc:Ijp'J'l'1~- Q,1'l d~' L1 d~td::rd y J.csJ~ ~ta ,IHm::lUi.:z..1. uJi (.' p~d~ p;1.!\l un 1!KLl.3r&iJ. CLIai.qllliictJ. &: lim ~Ii'gioj). Un rdi.r~i • .tpaua q...re:~ (u un rufugijo fl;.:;flIfC :1 ~, ~oc:ioo9d .oo.fll:empOJ:iJl~? ~Es d b'iiJ1kcr del, hahi[31lilit.;: paru pro~~~ ~nml if)S pc.rm3!m:m~ iilra-q. ~C'S de I. :o;ocj.:ib[~:1, 1:1 pcr:>UJ13~Ld~d1.,J,.." indi¥,i.dlllo.~' ~Tknc' ~$![C" i:u(mker' un .lI1p!.~to ~n ... etaf6.rl00 puoCSoo ,qu.e d USU:Lnio IOc:! puit~d~ !!.::s~;}bl 'Oi1r ~LI:lJ o(on~:::r!do :lbi!:.rm am (;LIlIL'lI,ltIii;i'j' ~ido r;:ki muncHo desdJf eo >!..' ~ia&1l'?

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lit 10 liMgO d@ un (fiq1re' en ,~I ri'o, "If [Ie Arrns.l:li:rd'am, un pr\1iW,?:!nnal mWo_ e- 16U \livielitOOs-,. Q~i!f!_~~ e~~ d'@, lFab-.1lja.,. ;ii:Of!~5 cOfl'ierci~ "i I!!SPliiOO5 pU~iclJi5" il3 sdo .apmtaoo 00 !..In derm entof1ilO uffibaJlC\, [slas ell!i11~nbos: LIIQf:r~oon rCtJiI[l'D' clieild:es drre~liles: I!In :pr'Offlotelr ilm{ibili~·iO. l!if!a 'oooperaliva d@' vMel\(ibiS. li,ril ~ de es,pacioo ,de tr.i:!~O y el ~1.lntamiif:n~!) de AmilllI:rdam,

ts eWeti!i!ada variedad de ~erli'iflil!il'to:;, ha £100 re~!Jelta enoollttr,a-w ;rIa ualdsd CIJ!iili!nB -del ilfiegrarna: !J!1i!! ,sene de ~!ilD'ii 'lecilidi:!rio$"" C:Orl~t'l!il~, eada 010 em 4.;B apartlmeilWs .. les eusles COIOO re~~ a la Erecierl~:e indMdlJt!~i6il. il1'OOfli);!f! ~r lim elfll):]rno, de !liCit! mas

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Cad~ 'l.rf!cilll4aOO tilH1!!i' 51.1 ~:r:{),pi[l ~t~1IIlI3I 00 accese ,OOIEiOti¥tI para ~1.J~ti)Ise a sus ~e~ief'.it(i$.~ un hsll, UIili!I 1)i115~fJe'la., 1,119 gran teflII2!a; Lin pO-!'"(;he" ~ Ji1!Irdril, !!.In Pl}tiI>;c;li!d\il: IJOO g,'E!n~Fafll:l!l un1!po e:specffi.!:.0 de~, Gls1:nm:wra y ifu!childilt, p(!rr~ ~~rtO'S, de forma ~1i!d1ente pr6.o 'i ~J,e IKi ,~~ till! c:ad:.al UOO" Ul ssrema (Ie 'C;)illinOS ~mIlrge a tr.aIl~:S' d'el ,~drli::iQi. CuC!fiOO ,5-1': rnezcla IXim eseacios de tf';;Ibajo ''I zonas abiE!FiI'08, el re5t!!tado es una !,liti:l'~dl ~i!aI; la gl,lE! ~ ~fu-~rza an pr(iP!Jrc.ian~r a los; ~~i1~ml?_.rl~:OO, 1[;1 scn~joo d'e' ser easas COl) jt!Ifd1"Fle5,

En !a ~lr~d:, flrii~f.i~I, p.ar te 0011 €:diliciQ, 5e ~~ S'Obra.et agtJa :parn iC'lW!'" U~I t!11TI12'.aJ pUblic.!l~ ooL,~dla pOI' I!lfiI ~5't3!Jr:a~:e' COli! vi$la 1P!!iIlor.Jlmi~ sobi1::, las. a~IJ[lS dellno, "( h~la '$1 il;~nij\o ::JfI1lguOL IEsI'P r.e:S~m'~ @I ~,OCler per"dido! d';!!1 diqIW. ~ pe.r~ de 270 gradoe,

tes c~ijd?Jde:)" C-aiI_'id.,1j pO.'SiciOO de 0&1 m6d1ik! :S!! pr!3E'm~ar{ln :31 IOi) p<1lI~~flti!:S en una :S-l':~, de 'ru\C!J~Il'iJro.'S.

Para d'.etener Q,ue ei!~ pmx~o

'E! 5C?J IJ;;I ~e del !t:cdi~ r{ll1l2 e Of! fln'iico, s e eSlJ.!aio ~~ 6Msiofl Qp'lim~ d8 lo~ t~Ji1il~IliD~ 00 'o'ivieOOais :se.8u_1l Ii tarnperua de G~i), ;;"lsi b ~;;)cofonia w~end~! ,de lOS (j~ ~_rffi.cipaoon €iFi ~ eJ1Cl.!!el1lD1:~ pOdr~ <OOil1ra.1r:8~r.!le' meaiaF1t~ !l;illIIliSid~raQ_loruf's. econiJmH;.a.:s. Ell ,l!idi1icia. se IP~ \leI" corn!) elll'io I'f'sliltm!:l de 100, n~oci~clolw.5' 'i PIlI" Ie tanro! c-OOlO ,,11'1 e~ de iIa :sitllIDl:ion ~ca 'Y egotlofl'iH;;m de' Am-sl:erdam d fI~J ~I siglo ~nte,

Mof'l.g a je~y in lh-e Am5teld;;lm Y

river a miled IIHOlllf'iIllTlrne 01 160 houses, [)-ifl ce:1. , wort: SQ;)c&'s, tnmrnarclal spaces and ~[; blic spat:~s lila'S been ~Quee~$(iI ir'll-o a tiglU I.Irbam en\l'~llJP-~., These- e-1~m!2n~'S iffi!o!~~ f01!C- dIH~r'!fi'i', di~nti.: a 11I:;1U$Ir'lg d~ ... closer. a h.o[;!~il\ll: ~[n'pCliaijor., a d~-elo,per 0.1' wqIk spaces and the C'ty oct Arnsterdlll 1'11. The eJl:lrerne ,",airi~ .0' ~uir.c-mM-ts. JriilS be ell addressed by mding 'true 'C!t!I'11F110fl o_n1f within Hhe Dr~t;:r~rnrf.l~: a senes oi ·mmr.l\el~bOi,J(i ooos', each 'OIl s~s:bl1S: I)f 4-8 ,~oartTIleJits each 0-1 whicl1. as. a reaeton to

tfi-e rea:!;ing indr'lidljJa~5.(!oon. h'"le::; ~o Jl:f-e~~,e .jJJ more !;lOCI~1 aiitl sa!a, h~!iFlg !2"lWlrOI'Htle!r'lt.. [at::h neighbourhood M'$, rts OJ;'YI'I eoVl!<e~~;E' scce ss

prmc • ple 1.0 suit us re(l;tlil"emerl~S: a ~all, a hlglJ I;omdor, a; largl!' bi!llccny. iJIi iIllley • .3i carden • .!il naho - liIi1ch gej'je~ilting a sp.tl-(:if~C' hOUlS!nl'!: b'r,le. :s~rueture and I'acade.

8~ stsckil'lR 'them lildep~tl,jl!ntl~' f'1i3:tt k;i ii!_!lid en I~p O'r each Gth:f:r. iii

$jlS'bl?ffI l!!i'I1~rges 01' routes thrO'LlP,h me- buildllil.8'. When noo:ed 1N.flh wgrk 5-p~!:.e5 and epen ~(il.IU~::;', the MSlLilt is il ~:~)c,;?1 melg_~iMIiJC'hfiOd. ooC' th:ill MI'III,f!!!:; teo gi'a'!! .hifl· aeartrnents l~e' f~lifl,g {I~ ooi~, oo!Jse5-witlil-gMtlE!II'SAI' line rnam el1b"~m;;E!·. l)~r t of tI1-~ b!.Jlkl'l~l£ ~~II;IJ~ ts (lui, Oll~' ~:lJ'il' W.3ter 1:(1 101m a !pubhc: balco,,). octt.']:Iiedi :by .lIi rsstauranl iJHeri!'!R iii Pii1imOr,!!In'lIC \'ie~ blildl. ecmss 11lF! w~L~rS o~ Int' ri"'er Y luw.:J rds Ih~ old eernre. Ihi s fe$tcl\l!~ ~he lost character of fuoe illUy. 1lI 2'70 d'oeg~ee p;er:Sp'e>l:.trre.,

True Qi\!'.aJrtles. q,l!I!!.I1'!Jtles ~ndlIPO~I1IDFiS 'Of e;;lctl 0' Ihe Ileif:hbl!urooods. \'iIfiI'e rrf!Sf!f'lIJ9d to ilI~e p.3rfi.c,lp~nl]; ill a seeies of mee~i:1g5,

T>D slap ~hi:5 proces.s. 'f,r~ !le1~ out of ecoiIQJlt'licetl ~Ofiltro1.. om optimum

c ;,IlSI[)[I.fIr dwdli~ size S '.';las set IJ.P corrrormiflg il\() .!! 'GelIJ5'5HfI curve', :S~ iMal 'iiJle lJiJ'tentiam tat:op4j.(!liIy -0= diemee1fu.,g:;; l;o!J'ld be res.llained D)! er.NlOmical (-cn~idllfaijonfp,

'n~ buila.ng c:.a" be seen ~$ , he 'froze"llr resuU' of lhe' l!egO'bi~tiOI115 a:.LO tllere1'-or-e (115 ~ mirrOf of thl!! ~1i111l;:,']J ,i\ll".id o!l;OOr'loml(; :;:iM~~iQfl illllmste-.r'd'..:Im at llil!! Ilnlll:1 or the lJo\!en~ieth l:enlJJJry.

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\\rll)' iII.Il!J i!i!l, l.fil500. ... MI Rlj1, JOO MiII!'i.3tiJ d 1]' ""Ile~ I'i ~11 Ti!ffI ~'S!:!~ joo~ u-'~,!;!!:ifI(!;:d"! ~[ ~...-er. ~iblllJIlliet'! I~, 1Qj;!&1'~,

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121 a,parrtnlenrts 'On the 'f'o:nner ~site ,of tiI1le Mlulfli(!:ip a~ Wat.er 008rrd

kqliitect'iJ/Archrtect DK'V ATchib:;:ktell

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Se h~ pt~par,300 el .alll~goo emp~.azamie-i\'t(l crt- la JLmt8. Muni[llpal d~ /l.slJi par~ roc' " ena Um~J1j!l:3eir511 eoimJ,P.lr!iamerr~e nueva oonde' p1ima el reSle't'o al rn@oo i;ln;bii!.lilhl!'- Ern IGI ~r.9lado UI'tNlIlO de Kees CMSIJ~a":SCr! ~I.aci!in dDs ele.me~t.g:;;; tin mum que se elev-ilJ pr~re$iV;~l1ilJ1E!nli!' i!iIIllOid{l' de ID~i6n coo~,a el'~ '!I e~ ruid~ gel tr~ ,eo Ii',OO.lloo'J un conjurrto de cha!ets tll"ibalfJrlS t!rI I!Jn enclave Jibre de tra~icl)_ laJ iCil:Irm;oocian d~ DKiI ~ I;cI f~ializ.aool'll -de- este pra~eto es '!Ii'! Eldifu::oc. de (lparli;!!f!iEm~o:s,. ~pili2"SI'O ~ oo"t!:llIliJ y e.~lonad\).J (lie 18(l m!2tf~Si ds r~irl,!!d- SI)I FOr'lml parte de 1;11 ~emi5a tatrt'o ,dell @ilYOlmOfii) deJ trazado urbano ~Q.rnQ" 'i!1TI sinroRil!! con este i!lmY(llt,orio, las trss Immas de a!:ced'.e~ al edrfirt~: e1 ~rll:al, eI ~ilI 10 'IlIa ,p!ct'flll Gl~nna. otr.g, Ptllito. ge p,ii1'1,irJi3, ~S' hi p.aooramica de

faJ (~biir/h1; rnuy oitdooa. t:1JI'!l1!.1l_~'a l!1lincipalmsnte de tel'Ja~iiI!s 't ,de" taJbmas Il:on Clesped •

• ~ p~~1/) l:1:!n~~ ~!I bloque ~,'ido de ladr 10 ~ fl,I!li!:, ~rl:ili:nd'o de cualJrO lIiMelBs; se ~eva 1l!~S't!) oct,o, f'eifforilllldo 1111 b~eli1ada Q,we di!l ill Iii! calle. las J)e[;lueiTIas a,pertP.'as de lafS. 'i€:MM:S, coof;gulli!n una ,cOli'li'ipOsicion OMl):lUKlat ~tet'rU!il'lptdal per ,e.1 ,gnm p.o.;r la II c:entr.,i:!1 ,Que d~ p.aoo all:lmcla\i'e [ibre de 'trt1ico y esculpiOO [pQf v"ritJ~ llfr.te«Js Im.por.arrtr:s sit:mlJB en las 'lOrres d'e- ~ esca~f,as.1 b ®21ieria. y los piJOOs, Uras. vistas iltJrg'iislas a IJ'.M!S o".e la f~haOO rngistr,iullll) RJI"lllmocia lP::Ii~~icil de la cubterli!l- L~ srnoopal de 1M co.rle':s w.it:iI!te'S I;!l!1 ~, enb'adas co;:rNere Uill ~ne.- b majes.ruooo al ecMti{:i en su OFret'll'licito Iw;ia I::. call!!!_

n.a [achadiil Que da 131 enclave verde tiElnB un miJd'elado' liJl'!ii1!s able.rto. ~oo :SUI reti({lF3· de balcoo@s )' SI) Jr:ellenlJ de madera.

11;1(j . orrner :Site of tlte M'wnicipal W~~r!r Bl:Iu{] lias been Priliiiled to r'e.(et\!e a blandmew residential esla't-e In ~h erwiroonlenml perd'ormamoe Is ,1JIj)p@rmost Kees 'Chri$U~afijS'il:'s wrDm pial} features 'tw.J «rI'fiPOil~ a rus&1g SU6E:rilil18. Hie n 'fmm wioo and traffic; noise i?llTld a dl!lI:c:h oj' tJriban '~ iii! iJ ~aUlcJli:ee emdave. I!IKV"$ loon ~. utIDI'l 'to ll'est1lng out trnis IPI~iii is ,a [8(} iilJl@I!:'@ liong angled\. S:W'lP'pedl3p.31rbnerlll:lllik!lin,e. The fillrm is j)lie'Jlli~~ {lFl moth 'IRe 'f:1"J1.i'e~e of me. urbalil ~,.aid 'the,,'~ to iI:IKl t1'lWel~~, tbree. modes ~f ~C«!~g t.llIa

Ibllll.ding • lPQil'cb. co:mdOf ,arID external galler)'. A ~'i,!Irth(!t dspmiurc-poirrt: was. a '.\iel~r~ Fi)lJfsc.ip! rnairdy!i:i'f ~r,3is,.'S dock'S and' rerr.-u:es.,

Tl~ ,d'e.$igtl (QI'ilWl,lelg a solidi red{]rict. blot:k rising'i\ol"fl fOllr:' to eight h:llR!ls.. lIs, s.treat sma peri'orated 'wiUi! a re~~ . ~n of: :small ,-OODW IJpenIllig~, bite:rnJ~ 'ihis ~U:em is .a 11~11ll,@' I!:mb'al gateway li![:Idlllg in k1lhe '~afrl(,·ftOO 6'.tlai.f~ and a IIUIililI:lef of majO'l recesses caNedi aut at t.he stair ~fS;, g,alleny and IP2lti05. Une~el;ted1 views 1.f!i'(ll,.ign in$' Meade- [ll"e,gisrer 'the pre:sente c~ 't~e roOO' latI~caji)e, Tlte ~tac:cato. r:Jof iIIle \,lEl"ticeIl 5la5he~ at tile ",ii!liilOE!S ~s. .a stat@ty. slant to die' sneet side of Uie iddiM-

'flile ' acade lacing ~ .. 'tille ,gmr!ffI eflmpollnd is more' ®',J)liHilly modelled with ii'S glidl 01 bah::ooie:s, ;!lind wood il'lfill.

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E.I edificiEl se :silua en el ul fIi'IO e:fi:Saiilche al oo~ dEl I!rnstell'dMt Es uno. de ClSllIlI8\I1l' edificios altns qlllS' se alimeal'l como baooera?S en ifil~ :all ro largo de lal via pri~!l!l de et1lIada a !s..(eo i1~eii(l ~ario, [I e.di1icio. es.ta i'O~i:I piOr Ifamd'e:s \!lales en tras de $Li$ ~flS_ Eslas 'Ires '\sli:::hadas ~On de: la(fI'HJl).,.

d'OOJ;;de se ha m;I~iml\tado la IPl'uW:ccK:!1l ,c;iJfI1lra e'l rt!ida. y dOil1d'.E!~ los varios tipos de apG!rt~I~lk!S a1 intnoor 001 edj"icio vlJ!eden seridos de:s@ @I ei(~eriOT. lo;! r~l;h;;JcI~ !;iiLi(f(i1;I~; Im~l1efl;'te aa;sta'liilda. se eJbil'e a1 p"rdln comw:1tI:aoo 1;;00 ba1oor'!es 'y tsrrazas, En la r;;a!1!ll1fillle uftal raff'l'pa C:afrn y se intr~e [en el ed- l~io 'sicndo a rlil 'o'-ez: mad'" prill(ipaj y OC"C'E',s.o a i!J5 Ir~r(l$, los CIiI~I~s ~ agru,paJil 'en d'0"5 ni:Y-e:les -demu-o -deIIolDILm}e1l prirlcipa1 del Mrfi(io.

Elil gl!Jrli!:f1Il, !',os. rnJe.\'CoS ensarK:hes. de leJS ,ciudad[oo se ct!rflcreJi~'afi1 Iii'OF 'Sei' ~burrida, (tjpeilh::iOo y es.pallt(!sa ullIrfmmicfad 'E:1iI el almacenamentc de la piJlJledDn, Pal" elTo, para intl'(!ducir ~ JiFibiri100 dE: wrie(!;!!d eJl ~.sbr!' iWt!vO IJel:l!ooario, se dBSi'fm~ 1fM~i! lipos dtf'erente5 ·(fe' atJa:rt.aI'lle.l'!to;s, para 1'(15. 32 prel!'jstos (1I'NlEmcJlas sodales de 3. 4 ~ 5. hibita:ciones, 001'1 alqtliisre-s.lJa;sla 700 flj,. tuC.ela r;or c,1 Hoosimg. UniC)Il Bhd OiJ.5'ten'. T~nll!l i&!tla~Ioo sn m n . mere ta~ pel;l.V~l.~ de' ap.!r I.a men boo es dIildl de r;Of~~~- coo cl corte pJe5tllMJe;St@ de la ~ seclal y liI·hrert.e· ~fljjel Cia [ell 121 irooicii6n CQn5l1J!.!ctora hQland~sa ·21 solacienes norrti~liiil·.ad1li~ '6 (I !a Ire~lCiI)J) -eJD I~ produociolil de edifrciOtS_

Para wnsegwir Q!.!!e el mi!l~r rnJlillIlJ!ffi de' apt;trtillliiie,li'IbS· h.iMii!r'a su pl-.o.piil pu:erta GEl! ,acC!$(! a Mrel d~ c~, 18 !plaJifta bGj~ ,omi(!n ... ~ a;pmrlrimoo1:os. ad nsedos PDf' SI.! esp.atda. htu.s 21 pa rta me ntos ~,n los dori'rrrJikloos '11:1il 18 se.8.UI!1cf.a1 ~1't~, a CI~r(ji

13d!), Ibloque, EI ~Ib(l!:l !podr ~ lI~m;ijrst'

~~5 ados~das dupt~ enaadas,

US; t'el'cera-s. p!antaiS" :solOO'e las allterillll'es" CC1ntierm:n duple)!; e.ornlllsiafl':ai5 !tOii . pa~ !:;QrfU3 , Este 1;I~5'illo dis.cul"frl! estn!!chand'ase· fi8er~'I:e desde I~ gn;m '!.ri!!li'IIflF1~ de 18 f.adt.i!da norte h:as.1:aJ b terrm.a E;'i1rifllJn en e~ fado SWF., 1:1 l'1&al"lClU8!l en fa fachada

o e.:$~:e iM U as tnil f.ID e.&1i,lJIcturi3 d"e!I e d ifi cle, V :si Ib i e 1'1

ICIS ~pCex 5blP€:liore~ suelen ser 10$ rnejQ.n:!'S po[ :8U lu.:: ceMal• e; este case los iFfferi.ores tienen un $rE!JiIllindo lbaliJol'il J9I ellI'rE:tr.iU1Q,ueo IPara compE!msar h "ifljl!lsticia'''. La I:li!!rtf. ~r dl!!l iOOirlCio., :iiI frel'ille (JI;Wa'OCO. comilefle- Bp:MI:amerrios en e:s.quma iYfIiernllfas !l~tJ' Fa p~rite oor1te oon~ene ~p.!lrlam~llIt{ls en tre"s pla;ni:a~ soble la f,!lfIlr1ida prim:ipa'l.

Edlficiio de· apa,rtamenltOs !IIde AJ([ern .. Alinsterdaml·

Ap:a rtmen~ BuimdinS

tYdel AkerlJ., AJflI1sterdatnl~

Nmril«.to/AfI::hih~!:t:

Art Zaaijer'.

hquktlG=. OOL!il:Mif~[rb'~ JIi,,;;:IVIKtt:

F' s.;' l1'~ilIiiO;r:r NIl«'D ~ LIOto!I

TI'Ii! buih:hiilf!!; IS. siluare<d in the Ipst big Lily e-J:ler1~ioF1 at. ll1e west 51de M AmsteW~f\ •

Irs one of rr.:Ule maher buildings. lining up like a !,'O .. ,v of ·llag:s" a'ktnr; 'Ih@ rna.iB iE'fllIar [;e rout~ toO tIU:5, lell.'il neigt1oolili'hood. The buildin8 15, .;I' 11Lr¢e: ~1tIc~ :;!JIToon-ded b ~s.. The~ thras

faci3d~s me made O'f Ibr c s and ai''!! f~ldcdl such ,a ~ay 1 ~1 ,is.(!: proJ:ectioFi is fTI.alul'JlIsed

.and tile v.;trli:1'tion in tl\PBS c. 8IMUmeilts irasrde tme tH..tilcliilg C~f'I be ~eitd lrom tlle: OL1tSlde.Th~ S~ttl!i!.ast taeede, comple,1:ett made .or 8"~!:~, IS: Opefllr1l;l: lJJ) to tile ccrnrmnal garden 'l'lilh

balooni!1:s and erreces, llit I:h~ NW'III 'SIde .e ramp ,uUml'g [ ~o !Il~ o,Jikfr g, being b~ maIn

!IID1Ji1!Ince and access to 'I.JJ: Slof!;!ge rlJ{lln5, which! are eoaeemreted i!1 two ~E;!ls wil kfl ~ ffl{ji~ volume aT die bttldin.A

Urse new >l;rfy (9;~~n~lIlFiS a~ nown for w. . ooring re~'tIrOll .aoo their frigh~l!lnR lJ:niriJrmity

., tt~ l:tl!riId,up of lhfl: IDOP fa!fl.on, here (Qi', W InS'L"Jt a rM:i':iml.l!mn ifJ! '''(lrl~~ 111 U -:; lie'"",

i1ciihbm.lFOOo(j, l1illle dtfferent types. .of ilDflrtm~nt5 are developed f(lr tlte' 32 apulments lswill IJOO!:iII'1S" l 'Gonll. 4. room and :5 room, rents !.I,P ~o ~ 100.- eernmsse r HC!II5lnl UI111l11 .. II)C'L Oc<sll2n1. Thi:5 'o'itriatioo within iii hmit~d i'lll.lrnbEi' of ;ij~lmen!s is B!!Ird 1.0 3r~O with tne

rnill mum oodjel b' social hClllsing and! the S;Nc.nR t-elildenc~ "~'hifl [bJ~.c:h oor.dl.fig lr'ooil;iOf'l 10

s1inc(a' d $olutiOlll(!; and re,pettmool . dllir;8 ~ od'mclioo.

111 oFt:ler I:G gl'le es r11lan~ as P~S"Slbli!:!: .apaF1m(!fl~ s meir trW!) 'front-door dlrechly at street le\l'el, ·the .EI1)L!1ld flot) t:1)I"1!;:,ins "'back·to-back~ (l1l'.arbmenlS- n~!;~ aparlments ha\!e ~eir bed'J\OOfi'ts at the second 1toor, 8Crr:.1>'SIS the bIlJi :Itg at the a;1hi:!i' side' of tile block. e Iresutt call b€: ellliloo r!I • b.J.ck·tH~ (.r(]$Wr,l@' maisormette",

The IhrU' f1.(1Cir'S GI'II kip of all this cornam 'CIJf!;JU!SIaJl ·rJ:u~s~ wid! aeen al COII'I'lOOI'. TJ s corridor nms. 'Slightfr narrQ!,'iWI;!!:, lTo'n .he big Wind!)';; in the ~~1;i)ea~ tit the cOflTm:Jnal roof.:re.rra:t.e at the S(lwth.~~- TIIf" set .... ru:;~ 11 til!!: wesHticade shOli'r's t~1S s'iJlJ[;ture of ltie' bUilding. And sinc(! die top dtJp6el:es u5el!l :ate the il@U." oo:e"s becau5:~ oJ sky.~r.glits, If1I d1~'S. case th~ ba.ttorn ones h~ ~ ~(oild ooll:ooy 8t Ihis set-b.;JCIi:. to. C@Ilii!f'ls.ate for tfti:s "j'rJjusticer, The S(lut~etrt >01 th8 building" ~t ·the Ir"{.j:!i~ rf"Olllt .c:on~.alns i::omer-~p.ilrbner'tt$, ""'1'I11~ hliIe mori1 .. p~rt cClFltain~ .';:parl lll~ O'I,Ier I e~ iIOO15., on I~ IJll.he m;;!ln enlr<tlK~.

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Viwie.ndai d1e· VPO eli1l·Va:d!ebertiia_Fdlo~. Mladnidl Subsmde,d l!iiousi'ng: i'n Va1deb,e'rnan:!lo'll Madrid

~5//l.rcmbects:

J '0 Car'll) U$$O - E$tllldio Caoo tasse

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,'l,mooD ~~ titIrW ~B~Ca.~

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~i'!1r;t:oo"'l!1t1I]fS;:

I!Jif£ ~!erKI~ Ff.C. ~:mkl5, '1 C~IIK

L~ ,e}lteSIwl '1 ~ turbmri31 ~d1dJid d'fJ· cnijfa dd blDque., 18 m't$,. m-,oodfa reC!l!f_ '. a la rdla~1!i lip~ra dill bl~e <Ie' dbbIe aJ,Jjb, Esta Ilfcfunmdad iflbligabe G -n.rOOD.t:lr Ipalikls de ventildfi e i!!.mlin~ciO:n en cl inlerior (lei bloqtllll·, ~s e.~is.~ia el prob1efii'a .aiiadiOO de poder combinar UIlI.1) 1i!$b'1!K.'h.Ir.a l16.-8ie~ y r'&CliDBaI, :a~uada !para la distri~i:iOn de' '~eooi1!ls. '1 (j~ perm~ie5e un uS(!. . Ci(H11~1 en $US

·~antas de aparc8li1ilHmro.

bte colildiekmt'$lle h;!~! dill .a~ient(l otig.a a d~~.@{llr(!f los ascsnsores ~ eie de me.ria ~ bIoquE!, Cada I'Qidel)" e.ompU8sto lPor (3.13; ~ escalera coo 'Rs,bbblh) de ~E:nderici.!! 1 escenser, ~p;1!irle ~ tualr'a! 'llMEl.md3S, Que: s@' dis~11 de t mamflfifil QUe' sus cusrtcs de es.tat '!j darmih1rios se !iNi~ii!'tao :slernr,pre a 'tachada, {il!ll!d;::looo eeeines y asees ,agrlllpildos en .~ .a UII'! patio inl,eriQr. ,Se c-~i~e 3$1 !,!lMl ~ULi~t:wraeiEin 8111 IP I a M.'a1. c: OI!FI Pi! d a y cf:a ra, Ie n I ~ui"do

l2F1tJ1aci6n diret.t.a to<:las ~ e:st&lt(jas

de la '!.1M __ L.

LilIIIlls1:tlil:a .~ IOOl'IitJX'skibB :5e enm~ en 00ili _liea de sob' ~ ad ,at~oo ~111[1«!! a Ihil~ raciooalidadl 'fulK~~ eon IPred'ominic. d'-.e' b tlor~Ofl •. alh:lad, rrimlO eQ,l;!ilibradg de nIJOC0 y m~Gliiil:O ~. ~enoi~ dl1 allfletrta ~lu.per~ua, S!4fi1 ~os ,!!!!'tleriOS b;iicSiCO'$ e.1ll:;i ~~o*i6n,

EJ' r:emab:: an las iteJi!1!!zas en el te~r oIXInrliguramdo la Pii'l)l] del b'IoQue. y el ~iJe'f:O d'@' easetenes, biJ~. In!lfQlle:5in~5 y bir'!das de pimt a ~zul ,en la "lai1.!!1 ~~io(l,. rnareen ef1 ~ (Qlq)OsO::ioo lin car-acter dilamlc-'O, r~'fer~i;J de fa arqul\lactum e;p~lonista,

IEdilic.ii)5 con dO:5 tonos de blalilCO:

J\b3jo rei z6calo~ l'JlI&lI.l1miend!J siemure W1I!:I Ifnf:a no.rirorilti!l, ~~ado con !OOrilio ~li'Ito- kriWi mo(:te.:m

. ~ b1anco. hi Call1fJl_e.rlal es de n.llmimio termo.tac.ado blanco-

The e~cl!!$sil;'l!!, Uluoo.al depth of rn:rid of ~ ~ tl.tl m~ IN,evented reCi:I1,1t'S(! 1.0 1he c'as~ OOIlbIe:-,sP&1 bwildlflg !type. TJll!l d'flptll made Il neres.~a!)l to !:Ilace

~bt and Gil" wall~ IiIside e' blocTI$'.e w3$ so 1t1e adkf'liooal problem <ri orgarusing (IJ ro,l!;:al iUKI fabonal :sb'wc'lJre ·that "'liXIld De- illWropOOre f~ '!hI!! in~ernal distiribtfIDQn I} . the dwefU1gS and woufd .)150 ,tI!'lOw ~ -uiat~1 u:se

of Ihe carpsrk ft s.

'111 Juocli01l!lI coocftloo impoGed b)' the ~arpari: made i~ neOI!s.'S.ary to ~lIift Ihe lifts, ofl,cf:fltrc in rels on to u'e bIlxl'i''!J line 0" 5"1mme:lnt. Each Itttl::leus; rn!i!de liIf,l 01 tlil! IIld~pend~.llt efllr'oil ce ha1l, stairwBIl aoo lIlt, serves 1CM1r

dWE'll ~s, disl ~ in such a "hfJ.lI

~hii!lt !hes.:r IMnIi-KIoms and bedrooms a1 fa!:€! atIt'Wa:ds. find Ihe kite l!:!rl~ il1td ba:Ulroom::i give onto -1'1(1 e;entral \'I-ell'. In 1h I s wa'l I:ll£ fl 0II:Il P I a n :i'lT IJI;:'h I re is cGmp.3Cm and dear and all the: roems HI iIh e d!Ne1titg n..l'i' Il! d I Ftl c~ .. 'en'] I a Ijg n, ih e aE!~~"'S and l:omlJooi~or'l aie on .500er Ii Ile 5. Pi:IDE: atl\U1l00 to.

fu!'lC'bOllI3 ;:3uo-na!\'i at all tl • hey

.ali!: glWtINI'!OO b~ ItIe b~lC: comp~ri](ln tfltena of hOr'lZOfI1lI1ity. b ;anced rlilytnms of lIfle open;f1~ end $ohds and the ab<seli!Oe or SlJperfJootls 'ioD1lJ:illJil$,

'!b! 111"i1~t. oM 11 oornces, 00 'lJ1e snorl

'Side· shace [prow Qr the ''lock, and the pli)' or IlollslfLgS .. tubes, canopies 3nd I!f.ands fir blue paint [Intll-2' pt"fI~ObIs.e 5ot~ey gwe t.hl!! 1L':_oQ~s.itiOll .a ~;;Iil'lll~ chsracter wilh 1f1::'fereo!;e5 ~.o ~pressionist arc:hrbec1l!te..

E! !JII dl n 8 S II'! two 'loOO>l!.-S of WI\ te:: ~e pb1lh b@!'IA'.I, olI' coo 'f1I,IQI.I~' llo.ti~n~1

~ne In wt!lte tnt: - Jlbou-e. s le-byer

Io'.tt1e fl'lIYtar. Thm fml11es me Mite hot- 1'.!If:quG!red alulilrtnium.

il'i

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r r ~ II r r r r r iii:' La tlpologia ~Off'f:5pl)OOe a W"fll:ac~ «Ie dobla ,MtIj!.a coo 'kJr:H:IlJ de, 12: 1!r1. -que C~'lJ!'m4! i.I~ ;8F,;)i"I p~oo de manzana d'e 6fu.36 m,

l& s ollJH::i6o a cQrtadoal It a:ttl d eo re tMa I il a r ~ rrn:tD:imEl!2l patio de 111lC!flZW. y paral

peIIsamzys. qtJ!2 ss ilJprescilMlil* acceder' .(Ii tO$ ,POi"~ 211J,Ms de el. [ste p.a.tio es Ul es.paciQ aia~!i1do ~ arbDladD. agIad~~e de 'YMII", ell cool~~to. direr:to rolllai:s zt:ms_ loIMdet'as 00 ia miiend6 como sen ~O(ina5 ~ eruires. ~ neceskfad pol (lfljEDilm:a~ de elMt una ~Ia lmts sn 1!Jf1{J de 100 '1iJIn.l::S dcinde ha~ 1oc.aIe~ comerciates 'Ita mayar.alb!rra Ibre' ere' elias O'ea un problema 'oom:positivo '!lIIi las fiC~. Se te:~l,Ieh.re ~.ando F.::5'C b1DQtte del reSlo, ~ncroros SIlIWll~nt8 par mediI) de terr,a~a$.

Em las facl1adas. el'.4iteriOfres :5Jellll)l1e dan htJetai:S d'.e- ~loS. :saMJ sn 1M, e5.'quil!ll5: Que SE! re~ d'!! rorm:a s'iRgullar, dimOO WI! i:t!rac~ rOfrlflal a una C;omposlC.iOlil de car,octel' hormo.gene-o que I"epite sistemi\'licarnente' ., OOA Oldell rilmco IIJ S 'Ire 5. h!.leC(l5o [dotn (lOCI So de E.. 20 :II: l,20 m, oo~pondie,littes, a los 'I;Iormil:mios. de cada ~nd;;;.

,Esta s.obti0d~ [oolq)(lsCliv.a e-xterL!Of',

.q1Je lie oolfl.ere I,n Mll=!8eID mas, lJrWno,. ,oonlIa5bl con lias. COi't'iCK)$~, inttriof.es, en las {J!E! tfOWJlna e:I ~oo delos t~ 'j aa dtlerenoiaci6l'l de los hLtOCOS p@litenecierrtes, a piEilGS di!i !irtas. Q,ue abr.en.al pato 00 mirtl8111a. Se accede a d:id'iOS p$tio$ .allr~s. de 4 p@ngl:rncioole::s.

The build~ typ€ 15 odoo1;iIe-s~n, 12 m tk!'i!p., ~lf.QuOOfig a aar:ge' cerrtretJlOdk coort)lar.c, 66:.:36 m_

The wlllli!m :;ldOPl_M ~"~mpts. a nnaYJmum !'"e'i.itlh5a1.ioo of lhe «il1f.!l1 CCtiIT:rili'id, as a resIH ~'"f1itn it was I;O(I~ @S'S8f1I1i!IIl 'or tfJe errtJar.ce i!b:}rs to o~n off rt

Th e 00 I,J rlyar<J uS ;;J 8P i"de:n ~p:ltD!!' witti lree5 where rt lIS pI'easan~ ~o spaoo tinll!l a IlId is. i FI dl rect conta c t lK'th t be lI'i'II):S·1 lhied~n HII'I~S {lr the' d'we & sud. GiS idtthens. and IMng.roomS. Tbe, ooilding rti:gulat](:ms ree,llretil thE!! iOO!h1: to be r.!li&oo {I1i1e 5lore)' I~ on OD~ slde, Ml@fE! nere are wfmlerdai nren ·ses. Th~ gr'!atJ!f ch~ar height created! a probJeri'J in (.0 posing 1118 h.c;:ades. 11is was ~ !by sepatatiDg I;Iiis block kOOl1he rest, :to "",h:(h it: is !.ii"Iited OllJiy by itll~ terraces .

.All the (!;fl.er.i'1gs ai' the otrtwGlrd-f.acins, facades are bedtoc.m Mnd'cws. ~t at the comers, ~1I::h ate gl1lli!l'1 a ~glJlar siJluIi::D Ih"t j;!f(J~tk!:!i a f'Orfnal ;;Yl.1rac:ti~'ffIeS5 to a oomo.geoeous oo~siti(in 'Miere 1llE" ~ee iderllical

1 ,.ro:€ 1.20 rn opening~ of (Me bednJC01~ of II»:m d",,'tIing ~r"f;! !i~ti!mt':i~(;~ ~E<,pe,a;ted ill a rtr/Ul m It (! rd e r.

ThI!: :S~)I of wliOO05lton 01 iilw '~teriCJ( Eii.res tile liiI~e (II more' u~ bJlt. ""hldl C:Oi'ltra~ w.1tl Jihe nten:or t.oflll;'C5ition. &:II'ri;~If!t1 b::i the gf.assedn (la-me5-llne areas and the difk!rentiMio:n of 'hI:' windows 01 'hI! !larious rooms lItlat Olferb)k. the t:(J!.Irtyar". Thl!! oourty.afds. are errbeled tt1rolJ8h 4 ~rc~t-'_

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13 'I dw'e IIiings 0 n Valdelbeli!'~a rd,o Norte,! Madrid

.A:rCir.Jib~:ClOsjArr.::h II@cts.:

J~jm~ Mar ~f'lI!!Z Ramos Car'iiiri!en B~,a\lO Our.!!

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A!1Oy@CW GfiMidor en Cancul1SO f\ii4m::o., ~ci6n 'E$JJeOOl "rerl'ii~ COAM 97",

E1 ~flB~nt{l {;oOfI'tempiaba la ed'rfttatll~f'! 1Il!!a1 een ~ de m.;liii!:aiU en '00 solar Fectlrlpr dl!! 90 :.; 60, rn, La ,ocltp2!!:ioo tota'l aE'i area, de' mo'lim~lt!o fljado ,en ~ pl;;!l~mi~i1t@, ailOO;OO a ~ altura ~rm.1id~ arrciaba WM Qd1flellbilidad que 1M 1.3.[ vivie~ cbliB3das itO Ct;lInS!,!Jm~l1. Podia iO,PblI'se !par OClIJp;!Ir' hJdo e3 area (Jon ~~~ .iWlm de la :pemliti!la 0 cCfl6umir es~a, ~~lm j)iitte <lei $yelol' (:¢J1$(11!(.J~ ~r. ltce595 ,£II irtrer~ del p~1]U ~e man2an2l,

Esta (jl~a ~~idn ,1)Os, pa~iCt mas in~e,ri~n~e ~ (J!)i]: (!ilO5e,su!a n\i!!'IW.etr lEI' omw. sol!Jre ra G*. Y se ~~blll!aba ,~I ~spacio' irrtm:f:

E.st;;Jli!fID50 convencidos Que urn! jl13li~ana rID Sf' de11ne (ib~.gatCIriarDlm!:e per tal 'OIYI'Ii1Wdad de! b alioo.acion. T~l'l I;I~ fCfI!i!~nW'.s~. y hay re'ere~ies dirras en bs ensancbes, pOt f.l:! c:oostn,l~ d@o ~~ qUI!! c-ooliJrman lal i'"Jf!.afi2i~li\;i(, pe!ro I'll) la C~,fM,

i\si, 5'e pm!feC.ijIl c,uatr,t1, bkiQUes QUe, Cdoc3doo, f1m d centm d'12' las 41li~iones, ~M ~~t3$, las e-squ·nas, :Se con. a~. LIM fet::hmll 00 ccmrnwidiiid ,a la ~ que se :!llJl.8jere la aper1.wr'31 ;iiI nt~ri): IDliiiliteaoo COfi'lO e~ :serrii...:;dlliJ;:1}.

Ell Plant~ !&ajm se situan tanDi:n 'liviendas. ertlltE d'as, I'as (!.fattl) paral M!li1J.SVaUdoo, (Ii las {Jre :se ac..:ede ~di;m~€llrarnp!ils. 0 ifSCmas. :ra ~Il:' todas !'as ~e.5, se eN;U~mtrM e~"50 1..!!1! ~ dellifvel de lcs soportsles pera cOO!S~JJirprMlcidad_ ,Las piMI);l-$ ~e.$ sa ~rudur~n

de [gual {ortDi, en 'tOOC5 ki'~ e{fir1(~: ,Se ~tea IIIl cooedor CBfI'tJ,:tl, paraJBID' ,8 lla f'ZJchada ~ a'bii!i'~a, a la fuz etr 1M a:!!feI"PDs" Deooe e1 se a~ alas 'h!ivie.ndas, 6. 0 1 {) po r pia nta segun Jill t&xnae: sea,~ ;;;arto 0 ellargo- Co~s y assos se ~~ 31: c-.o~, 'I b!i [n&1:alal)~ Sf! n~,gi51lrM d'esde ,el. E:;J~r ~ domit.oriM \ii~~ri ,a'I J!!Xt6'IflI':. ,~lri te i'IO:'i. ~n~e6, ~I' prime~ ~, QU8 81 por'CEmrt~e de' Mnda5 de :2 dorrml:oril;)s d'OOIaba a la 00 oos. rl!OJ.ied'ad' eSI:a Q:lj!E! :~ sa ~ial irnpi,tIi!'.$lO en casl k1dG5 1D5 crnC!Jr5'OS, ju~VI:O Coo la iioclustdin dill' Ulll limioo ~t>o 08 baoo,

Se. srbl1ar!. ~r Si! im~ n\fm;jero. ~s ~ ,2' ~5, n~ cl e.~terb dei ~~ )l ~, de :3 ooiiJlflnorio-s ,~ fa

(:n_~ ,Que da aI P3~O de m~"W_

E.rrLTe :sf, L!! $ \1M eHi~ iJS, de :2 y 3 ~mU1:GfJ.os ~(!Mn tdimjji::~ clrn01i1s100 fllil 1M ,~ent(lS tt;:nioos.. modiiXa1'ld'o $lI pr.ograma ~JiDlut5i\rarTJefl~:e IJIJf iii adlClIl1I Eli;!, I!!S@ :t@re~r oorrnibrnict rnUadiJ d'~ numier'a ~e' l)l.Jeda ~r\lir tawk&,l COfI'I(I' lugar de 'trabs,io, es~ar, etc,

La pl'lnta CllJflfrnl rFiaIk1i'!!:nfl M fa crujla li'i~enQf 6 Wji:;mQ i'iy~(1 "i compl)$~ de ',,'ivteoo~. 'sin ,~. a1 ~ior, tan ~ man~ la~ C@l'lITa1:i!s-,. itl!l'wjnd'o:se IjIlli'Il,JevG lil)o (te- ~d~ :sj~ar a, l[;i de IIa:5 ,piarfus Wenore5. pero cOCllaOOo OOIl urm paqlJlelli]l '~l!lf1aziil deswbier'ta iLamlzada lpOi' I!Ina ~ola que IprlJllOl:oiI jurJOO. !i:CifI! la del i~ opufl~1:o. ~I r~~ d@I' !i:ditkio,

INirlning pro jed 031 coen cnrnpetmon. $ pef iii I M@nlivl in eOAM 97 Pri~es.

rhe ID~ prowdes. for lineal" ~Qrr5~l'IJcbOIii ... ith ~ opetl cernre OIl a 90 x 6{1 rn rect;Jr'lglllar plot_

Thr 1.ot31 OCCl}J;1[t11:roo ~ tre lJuildi3ble :lfJl?.a. as iIk1iood ,by Itlf' plain. rombiosd ... ~till1.he perrnitte<l tei~1. ,~ives, a ,greater burdng 'JOUne tJ1liln woLlid 00 oce u pi ~ d 1:r1' 'ihe obfi ga'!':Iry I 3'] ~11i:J~. "ihe dU!rFlatives were t(! occupy 1tJe ef".ItIre oolld~ble a'"OO and I~~ ~!Ie' tJ@'igh! or '1.0 use 1t1@ E!n~re ~,"ed ~11t ,;Jnd fle~ ~~'~ O~ I1W grQ~ i!f"e8 for ;;!1he5S to ihe r.enhr(!ll cour~~fd,

We- J::I)I'iS~ ltii!" 1~tt6 k1 !be ih@- ~er olJoon ~5 i~, ~n~;:i1!1edl the lfOI!.Il~ af the t~adt: allid facilitated lhE I)elmeatiity af ~ I_e i lilter s,y.;:c e.

We are ~ed Ihal a :sb eel ~ is; not n!}e;.essariiy d'ernfd by a wntimlj)ljS aliirlr"nE!illt It C",:liil also 00 fCf',rn~lat'i!d 'by (:Cf15tr1.:1c'bnf': apar1Ji1i'lent blQo:~s 'tn3~ OO~Jllle the s.1refl block withoot 1.G1.a1~

II:! nclo $.I n!1 II, [ttl a I '9 ttl coo Illf'j '~1sa~' or 'new tCI,Ii,'1i'1$' ale ,.lr'! ~.iDtE r e~Elf£<Irtl,

(lYI~tIy, wI!!. OOSlgtl('{j tour blocks. ;;m.d tJ;i!ao:edl .h em .:erl!r ;;!i~ on ej;!Ch a~rwnent, fealiin.g the corners Dpen, Thi!. gr~!. a Dl)l'ilitJui:lu:; (~ad"ing wi111~ SI.J~e:)1jnJi: ;:,n (;1peM'!~;I,lp. of ~\e interior as a ~i-oubl)!;. space,

The' gi\Ol,Jad 110Q( is. also made up 01 d'.-rellings-. in-tludli'ii k!l,Jr f(Jr t~ handicav,l)E'd, AJl1f1ese MIIiJ;gs. are rased OO~' metre ~~ IlOO f,Ci'li-oo to ~1$I,JlIE f.>rlli.;JLy .:JM.are ~~he!d by rarres Of slars,

TM upPlltr floors are .:irr.lr1licd In ine same 'W~'/ in ,i;II1lhE! bWfJ'.JUlgS., Tl.e' d'.veIIIilg_s. ,6 or ] 0 per ~oor at::J::oralng .IJI wl~E!r Ihl! b~g is a short or long side, ~ IneH ell'tr'~e off .(i (erJt~1 caflioor, va-~I to 'the lQl;i3-de [!Ddi ~il If} til!"!! ~n at, 00th ~00s_ Thl? kir!3l!!!!(1s and ba'lilr'(.i;"'.il»!'j ~ck 0fi'I() lne O)tn:~l, ~ch ['fs1J ~5 access to t!~ u1i!rt, !lha:it:; lor i'lS:j)Qi:.tioo artd IlI1J3int,r;ooncc. The ,ilA<1g-.'(Kii"1\$ ,;Jnd bed~ f~~ !JUhuard5,

This ""3"3 ti'II.': 1ir.s~ tme we had 'I!iI~OI!n1l~recI ltlat W~ 111,J11\bt!t c~ 2- bedroom dwdlin~5 WQ!j dout4e Ui[rl1Jf lhe 3bedroom ores, a oovetly vJ"iic'h, ~elJ1ief' wiun a s~-.m bathl'"OCm. llijls niJ'A! beCOme me norm III .almo5t .a!l competiti::rm.

0I.i E! to t:lt!!I" ]: f e a tei I'fllIfii1ber r 1 l!! 2- bed'room dweillles ~~ the streeit While 'Ellie 3--bedrocm OIIIIBS ar~ rocalw Qf'l ~ S'!m;~i,lral !l~ W'l~n o~k!i ~~ ~lre c.1 the l.tock,

'lJhco M{)]ens and IlalhrDoms rr 00'lI1 the 2 -be d'rOOl I ~ nd ~ \IIi!! 3-bOOrtX:t"ll. d\o.-,. g$ are ~he 50iJlTle SIle, The 00 Iy MieFE![)Ce In ~h IE: b rie lis. ~1 f: add iiioo ~ the- ~1i1 i rd l:ioe-1iQOn"l, rOC;;Jt,e{I a'i $VCh 3 ..... ~' i;lJ.:.;lllt (;::1111 GI$o De u5ed a:s 13 wort area, sittT-.ngfOO'l'l" ~tc.

The fQi .. 1;h fiOOl" ha$ 1M :same nl,Jnf:i!f ;;.ird (!Ii1"(!IIJ!:E!rnelll oi dwellings on 1he umer grid but orlj 'tlJIf' central orte'S are retalFled OF! the< Ctri'W~aclI".g ~tde_ Thi5 ,e:enerare5 " ne'N ~ of d'w-el!ns, ~l~t liS Slmlu to 1:hose on lite lawer Ib::trs 0111: lia~ .a !StI1~J Cpefi h;!rr.ac~" ~Wled ~, .a ~![!I th~t wJf!lblies with th~t, on the O.D:pDSlrte side to p~a~de Ihe finisfilin_g 1(l(jCh.

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En eJ matO de (jl ~ Pf'tJ.Ermw de C01~cD1 de Mi'!das s~1es ~ pOfl.'l CoouldOO!w~ :se efC3IP e'I prO!fE!(IlO d:e il¢oo ~eOOiI5 :ado sadas , ~ d ~ apr~to 'Ita iiW)U ~d. las vMeoo:!ls proyed:adi s irrrtEfll an carribiar el tono pl!'!Iirrisia d'e las. VMDIDA5. SoaALES pgr I,Ir'1!i aJternMiva donde prin;3~ ~~espac~l"

La ~$ad6i'r1 de mmplliud,

E WID de' materiales d ,ader~ y La reladfrn c::oo eI exteri!Jl[,

tE COOilJ!iI'ID vre~ende estabJtN:cr URal IreliKi6r. iIllll:ll1S8 00. EL LUGM. CIJFT~el'1~e ~bleFto oM I.a lacllad~ siWa-da (relIte a Ia! zona lIer'tfe celOsarnente c@rradi:! en IB fal:h~da 'Utlkada iii los ,wW,s;,

La so1UCIOn ~ adop!ada CQ(!SlSte m Ill! REPEJtClUN [( IJNDI\DES [una ~ boo ~ I)fa~ ~uestas trOO5Ver$iliriei'll\'e-;;!II~' 1iB6I, ro que iXifnM~ ooh:iRelf m~ de~e '!I deiJAs ftbbte orientaciOO}.

piYtitulaDz imdo la stk!6n ~ Ia

viviend!a de ,esquiR.a. Estes mklsde-s se desPI~g!';in en nes ~,. 1Ji(1sf-onnandcS'e ta 'UMooda en horirontaJidM:I fl,OO rn de 's@paraom de (&Ias~ a ~ii:i '1m ~IiIA!Lidad,

La soocil}ez dei tr.mido 00 las I*!rrtas de bs IIMlflr1cas penMe qoo los esp3QtlS Sf ~ solapar1do. 00fI fl!.!llde..!: .ali IYdBn de: Ia es1nt:t:ll'a, Ml!dlan\@-ullI luJeoo r.rraclj:;;rdc '1lIl1rl [JIPlda 5ei1lrKIa 's@' permite fa efib".ad.al de Mz ~.ur~ ;!II los dslirr1.os ~s iIllrmares. La (1J1Jin W)!I!Ida aJ dar 1Umort'!, y ccden . fffiIDma, ta utihzaOlOA tg,i!OOI-osa de las superficies: dCrJs.ta'ladas CWgtI una glf;l[l LUMINOOJDAD aI irrternr de [as

'!i.ivi end a s La de1imitariffl d8la~ t-etrZhZaS, r::Elrr mas bali:! as de

plaliCha ~ca Pl!'flllmda lociIitMI una (["an sp!IllM'I Gia 'W5ij a I, irrt:ens ific an d I) la rel~ ~ er1tfk~ ton illl h'.8.III".

a, REcutRSO NE,QPLASTlCO ~ido en Iii!! Wvieli'lda t.l~ II!squina, lIiJ IiOS p@mile deter~ar 'I'i~rrtB qu~ lado cOfIsti'tuyl1llla teehada PJD::ipal't CUlM' I iac'11Iada la\e1_ .

Los '~sNo50 de:tiJ!le~ de COtORES \IJVOS 3i1imail tls ~ de- ollloscOOg bl ~1lIO) y aptacado IBris de, pie dl'a 8ateig del e:<Wior del edl1icio.

Coo l!Il api::aciDlI de! cofor en b Jachada ~ aI ~ho· ~ ~.~ 8Q~r fa est:ructura de IiII const!'IJC60'L

La edifDcaoi6il SI!! eOOeOOe: 00 c!JrliO 11m nma lDJfKIlili:a y crJllii:~. ~i"I(I e.aoo

p'il!! ~s.rxia;e~llfli!! plalJos q SE! QPOrten

y. OOfT"I1:ii:liIn etllI,e sr. 'r~OOo· lID ~Bto de 1f!)3IaciorJBS errlre b5 ~ de iCdore:s froio, ariA ~ ¥f.laliM y ~s ~O$ 00 c:~os ~blaooo y grist

La b!l5QUede de l3I !SENOlALIDAD 1E5'OO p-es,em'te @fj toOO·el ~tCli, mediartt-e Ii! a!J5emOO de I~nt-cs d'!W!Jro1iv1l5 '1 Ia ~la 8l estruc:lura5 ~liic-a~ ~fa$, Los DET.!UI5 ' SfAS 'SB puedED aPf\etiar' en la de$ru(e:l Y simtlddad det ~paeb ifrterD. 00 1l:J!s; soIlIcm~ reeriC3S y fa pereepcioo Qo~a d$' la rm1MieId~d.

Se ha a:;reteridido (:00 LA

ARQUITEClURA clralie!5~ ,~ Mlm, eimiD.i!ndo [pO( COfflJ~ rtl. scp8fadon ~ den1ro 'i fuera,

TIlE' ~Qject for eig • tcwri II1Ol,Ige dwenin.e$ w.;rs ccrnrrussicned as p~rt of a sizeable :5(]!(;.i1!IIiooSi'ig 'bwld.-.g IHC&ri;!lJ1lIIle- pr.ornot,ed b~ the Re&fOOiJ Goii'ff~t 'InfIlch ,dema~ Ma.'(I"Aum use of Sf)8Ce and pI'i\lar;y. ThE!: !Drajer::t.ed rjwellir-.gs MI£lmpi. 10 (ftarlge tlJ.e glum imas:e of SCOAL HOUSING by ptO\Iidlng an [jltema~8

Ih:i : @mp(m~s.es:

SpaDaI ~3hty

A f8eli~ of spatiollsnes.s;

The l.ISe of l't~rd· ..... Ming matenals

lhIl: felaOCrnhi j;I ~ Ihe e :tiI,,(! rl(ri'

1ihe grCtlP as a Mde aims to relat.e prorol.II1!d!y 10 ~s SElTING. Ihc ,~ (rIlE! rfoo Iti1 g '1iMl' g r 8 B n al'e a ccn i»e1I U;J opens oot'tl it whereas Ihi!- facade that ~ru-es onto lh~ patio is lealOlJsly closed off,

Too b g type ~ a !i'kies (If REPEAT

UNITS, orn:e be~ ~ other. set across Ihe 'ine.ar blOC~ to ob ain both a rmnt ~nd a rear facad'e (facmg twtr ways)" witb illf MdL&al Il'ltl!Jfj~ rrt of tile ce Ml heuses, The Ihree-sto.rey COfi:5trlJc~On o. rl'tt! unil:s 'turns. lItle

hotizootalily of lhe dwe t3.a in cell

:sepilra'lbl!ln'lo ve~a~iy.

l1w ~impliDity 01 IDe 'm.oor rko allcws ilhe dI erent ~ 10 M- overlai::l

s I'Tli1Ot1I'! onto k '51.rvi:: ~ U r a I CM'deI _ An OJ;IerEg.at st-Cood srct"ej' heistrt ~ l1a~ural 1i.JJ:.ht iAto 'the \lar'l()l)S levels 01 Ihe int!MIlf_ Tile moj. helps to IJr~ ~;ilrm::lIQ)'" ai1d order 't(r I!Ile Stlrrotfid:ng&.. Tile g8nef.Ous. use ot stazed areas fits 1tJ:e Illterkw C1~ tIie dvt-e ·ngs mtlJ ILIGHT, Thtl!! p~rr:E'.d metil!!l :sl!lIaetir.r;g. b:.;rIU$'h'adl! 'that ei1ges1.h(! 1~I'i'.ao8S. alsl1lavoor.-s vi$tJ!ll ope.nfIflS and relate'5 llie b-uikliilg more iMtlkSe Iy 1;'0 its SEltOOg.

The NE.O-FlAS1i1C e~i~irl e.ffi)!Ifoyrr:d ilJn the ((!I'Mr ~OO~E' rn.akes it j~s.51bfe to deWfflII'It' visually which Is. 1he main fal;ade and t,',Wi;h is ~;e 00e,

The e.xpt'i!s--osive det.ails III MIGHT COlOUR'S enln.rer'l lhe \\t1i!~ rendering aoo gre)! BatEig stone 'fadn~ 00 Ihe emmilJ $l.Jrfaces: of 'Ihe- OOld'illg,

The use of tCOOIJ" IJfl the f~~Je. eear !tie IPa'tIO js lifi"erll:ll!d to @~5ise Hle s tr IJc:ture of tile' b4111 d I n.g_

~liier inan a mooolk cubic blodr 'the: 'COflstnrdmn 1$ oOOi'lC:eWed of as ar. assoctancn 01 plarre5 filat OWCse d ooITibine ,!'lith each oilhet to 'crm a SE:"! or relaliclAs ~eerrr the ~1JfiSd planes (red. bl~ and y!lIow} and thos.e which .. not ctllou~E!d (V!nrte alld Il!:reyi

lhi! S«In::t:1lor ESSEr«;[ is IJresent 'IfutmgholJt tht ~ject, with its. a[}sel1Oe c;rf dOCoQr~lfve elements ¥!d re(;(i_l,II"~ to b~5i(: ~eoor'!\el:1ie ~res_ MINI~1AlJST TOUCHt:S ,~n ~ ~ IIJ1 lIfle m;;rl$ines$ and sintpkil)' of 1he

ifIl.'E! ria s.p iEf!, Jr. 1M e I ec b I't(: a ~ solutio n s and IT1 !he d00l8Stic percE:IJOon ~ matefi.aJjty.

fhe. lfitention I'm 00flI! (iJ u-se ARaiITE.CTURE '~ break 'lNoo.gh 'Iihe WPU :lI1d so- do ,:Ma'l ~ether ~ tne separa~OfI betwel!ll ilsid@ and OlI'Isidl'il.

8; 'viv.mendas '8 'V1PO 'I n Totana, _ urcia 8· su bSJidling housiln.· .'S' ln '",otana! Ml!U"rCila

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Edifici:o de' vUlv'iendas lei Tamalriiu., IGh'ona Resi _enlial buil~dling i I Tamar~U'. Girona

iIn:! u iter to S/ AI r: hit F!t: t So:

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s; b1.t!?ranlUs I!!iltin des.-tinad~s OJ .ap.arcamiento ~r~do. 'I e2 reSiQ de plantas ill ono!! a;p2il~m~!oo. TOOos. &0111 W5t~$ ;)11D3!.

te entT~!i (ie tes '!J~nretJros. ~ de 108 USlJarlOO de 100. !i!j;iart::G!rmerd~ se ~~ pOr La calle de a~I as. LQ~ 'lJeI'rJcuFos, Iba_:alil pm UIl.!11 Jamp,8 0' cad.a unc de !:os niYele,5, ~t sl.lb-terr~eo. LM uMOOS.;g 'Irlnies dl!! dO'S rarnpas 'illa!'!"€:s, [erruan

a .... estlbolo celltr(ll del ernfido 'i des- - Pltes. i;f!)'S e~ra$· ~ des aseensores &::.5 acsrcan a ID5. ni ~e-:5 m~50 iJt9~- A r05 aper mentos.de la plaJl'ta haja S8 aecsda dif@ctllmenre por d'elant,e,

u.m. ::j5t.etliSO~S lIeBM b~s.a la plar.u re garaje.esdi:!: estas ha)' I1l11il e:5~;t.e-

ra de mralJlJilci6rl Q).Je d~ dbe:tamente al e~terior,

La r~ada d'cl\3nte! a que da a la IJI~ e5ta tornna;d~ [!;tOr e~ ~OiIjui'tro de term· 1.11$ di!! .od.os.lo~ ap.artament.os 11 COOlPUE'5'ta, per UI"!aS peJsian;;l~ r!fa$ i1,ej j;llailQ de I.tt:ru~ ~ .firms rOOv!les: [en baleen saJiente, L050 b~Ct'te$ S'! .agflllo. ca [pOr ii''' ~)ill!;, ,r~sLJltando una 'fad& ,fia OOI~ dos eIBrnll'~'-Jl'S sa-Wlnl.es irtliJortames. y. una m~~ Hlb:1 an 11'iIld':o,

EI rent!! en plimtll b.a[a est.! tot en~e

a'bi~rto,

LiilI 'Fachada PO-!ltl!riOl es mLJ),I' maciza ;jJ

Nel de 100 01505, I)tIr i;1,I5I!lW ~ ~~ s.olillJ'h!mte u.n.alS t:!S'tll!t:ih.a.S balcnnerss ~ ro!~llTh]me abierta 00 plio ~:a b,;aja frente 81 'Vestib~ de aCCiWJ!.

Ei'I el centro em- ~ pJan~8 h~ dos patios QIJIf! d;:H'I luI ,~ la~ g~ra~ de ertl\rada a i::~a ap t\'Jl1Jlffito, coo ro que 00 IPretelitde Iromper ~a ettroerna IJro.'Iundid;;ld ~ell selar,

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F~E~rOJf'htll(j~r UIP..C'.,/i!i.i!!£

~ ~1I '1'1~n1iO~ FID" Sc'l-11rJo"r.'d ItiU'Io -f'Ft'l1'I ~ f;l{t'

This I~ 3 s.ea-fmnt aparlrrent block Gf tnree s~~ pluS ~!:; and 1""'0 basements beM-e.fO !party wall~, 1 ho; tio\r'Q basements !lrl!! aSSJgnl'!d 10 prn.ra~e p.arking ~13Ces and tile remaini~ floors are divided lI'It't!

e I e!o';!.i1 lI.P a F'\IIWlI::S. a II Wll'll s.ea.w a r d 'lJ'e.\I5.

The ';~llrance- t-o Ih~ pa kjllg spaces, !\or ibolh 'le'lide5 and users, 15 I»i ~he street II;) lite r'~ilil'. V"-'!llide:!. g-o r:ro..,n a ramp th{j~ f@.1a~ to each o~ lhe Mo levels. wo sen~le rar:l'nps. iPrO'lJ1dl2 ~de$tr\:lll access ~r} lIIe ,fnjji.::1 robb:! of the building, from 1NhtC 1wu :st.=lll'(..a.&e~ and 1',11,10 lifls I@~d to the UPP~( 1loors~ TIl '" ~l.l(Jnl:-l;' til Ihe

gm ndl1tQor -(laI1.~ 1:5 CI~ ~he frollt of the lHddlmg_

The lifts :go ~ ~5 far ilrS ~~ I!!:.§!!r;;lgf: Il!v...:!ls, wh:ic..ll agso ~taYe an elr, L staircase leadil1g direct!)' to ~11~ edenor.

TIlt fl'(rMt fa~ ace. M1t.::h 8"-t€S (Ifl~O lI'e be.at,J~, i£s made 'I" gf thS! en:;~i"i1Itrlr;- M t)a~OI'l:-e-s of all 'rite fiats., H. is composed ~ 'I;(ed IlbM'S 00 1iJ{! SIJr(atE! 'Of lflt! r~ad'.e 300 mol/able blind ~ Cl41 tale I)ro~r'I.ll;lIn~ bak:c.l~Jl!:;' .

Ihe t).akClitieS aI'>I! ,gmuped III PilUS so that the: faeacle has two mil,Xlr protruding elen}!il'tS W1!h a rnsrkee jUI'!Clron b@ .... ,ieen lfIem, The frlJrlt 01 the gJoOun.d i'1oor is cornple1~ Of)e!'<, ihE! rea! tacade gn.te~ a ~el)' solid impresslon a 'he uPf.!er t.;r"I:!I::., whetI!'!' the ol1l~ O~lngs. OIloC: mE' laf1g, fLFIm.1If'II bak:oIH~s, and is cOIIIVIe'le11 open on ~tre g;round ~IOOI o,pposlfe ne e;'j~(alY.:e lubb!f_

Too {Jel"itral well!;j. en aach ficO( allow 1iP.,1I1 to Mtl!:( tile em.ran(.e gaJto(les o' each al)artlllent imrJ br~.)~ up III (! e~~e5-'5I ... e d!!!p1h ol thE' plot

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Ediitdt de 'iJRt;hm, a,s en la callie Rosellt6,. IBarcelo I a Dwe'lling,s, iililIR,o<sel.o Street. BarCiel~o,"a

hqwite.ctO/Arct'iileCl:

C;arles BassO ~stavGm

~~)IM/SI,jj·I»J'C!"s.:

Jam~

Xi1ioH ~

Ccns'I1u;illr~ HdIi!ID'l'

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fl!'iilll P"~1WF'rllj!ft

]99.2

fM~ dil't';

1 !IfI{j,

~oll~"'~:

~,Isofr.l

Un prog,rama CJJiI"'-enc..io~: 34 \iNi~I'Ic1as en cmw pia ntasJ 00 g..an:lj.El' SlJb"'Hllr~lI1eo 'f un local comsuia en1iilrta baja,

Un tIillili1.Dlil~iIIie.i'!lO t(l~ @'ft'trtf:: medi;:mera.s, e:11I e'l ensa:OCM bar:eel iJfIe s a iI e se PM la '~l1ei:iil de UI!3 edilicad6n qlilaF eo el Qel1lm-o de malU~fla: Il:I !i:di'ficio de la Editorial Gllls'two Gili S,A ...:oosmido eiif~ 19541960, [XIf J~ Gill y Fraocesc 8ss500. ~ F;i\D' issi.

La volll~ de 11111 ~~:a.cito en e'I'ilift.err.ol' de rTIiIll~a!il~ es um:Il,d~' flalS ca~acter sticas Clirmcipales de. ~ho edtnolo" OCiflI fBI que se re1i'.r~ IIa ~e01 [i'liJrl:e (fe, Ia iIiIIC$ ~ I,mas. looaB iim e:dillcaF Q"!l.e de i1!i~ mDIlUlr..a relOrnaban ,211 comjun~D de la flIiW:ana la l!It.opra d0I il:fila~io ajar&\ado ~ ITbF9. ,Iii, !;III wz

(100 stit wIim, I '!I C Ciri1lQ. dle i!j 1'03 m.erl'lI:lfli t!i del

IProyecto origiMi, "ulila re~eM de, .. reno 00 IirnlIIipIBS aplicaciooes"". La id~ d'~ IaJ ('Onstl'll!ccl6n .."ada:iil csee ,a'I1O~1 no era, IPU8S ajE:lili:l ,i:ll ~'anteamle!!!'t<o 00 la iirnplantacWrn delooificio d'e Ii [. ·(lIlial. I!.a '1l~f1cia de las ;(Hos median er.u ll:afiOOEmtes. ,e~lJestas. ~elaba @fI Cletl:o setltidO IE! 'falta de' !l:ulmin~eicn de Ia oper~n d'E!~ ~iflr..2ciOn '81'1 i!ll inlEooF,

La wl~ia d'el RUWD edifidJ reS',POi'Ide ~' ta ~:.risbm.c iii eBB: ill dtiKI a e dille at i 6n I@fl iI1'J illlterioc. 8 'es:p~citl, de.1Iber~te M ,adi"cadD! eI V:oiIC[O eJliJs~ent!, ,adlllJlsjf@ mill especial ~anoia .. Las iI:r~msparenc.ias;. s:eatII a tr~t$ -d!!, ~ '!lido to de ~pet~c:i~s 'mriadas 00 SU$ distlliltCJs ,glaac-s de ~ad, E!nm2ltilafl Ila exiS"~e:mcla de !.Ina

(! Iif:~u::m post.eriot,

f.QIr IIlIl ~o fal PO ilidiidl de alle.'<iONJ !.lim salilii' 'IrociM a] ~~c. li:b;te de~ii1I:e' 00 1111 [,dtroriallii:a rpe~r:. !ldlr!a 1IItJeYI:I !t.~~j'r1.lcd61"1 81"1 dO's; b10Q,wes a~d.@:;; a las; mOOmoer,a5 dejand)) , ~ fibre entre .$ Clue no es mas que: rei pcrten- J.e. patIo iint.eOOF habituaJ' ~ 11~ diSJlillU~ ell :s:emido peftpendTcular a h a'ile. [Pm' otro, !~o. flIlOO)'m dil! I~, bb:u~es e! liM oons'llrwcciOft sobre pilo-m crMOOo' Urn lXIrohe ode' aC!i:l!lSil ;3J intullJr". !tn de'Mri!l. >El~ lnue\lO! edffido (iefl,a la COiliShM::c:iOO del pe~ d's: iii! IDi1l1z,aM dejando COIl~flcia ifJil ~5 p;illf"tioLl1arid'a es *" ease,

Ii. ~ d'e 110 m~j)nder Ilt:erafmeJll!.' iiliia n(I.rmaliw exiS'tente $(IOte ~a ediFieaeioo elll et e.D5lilli1c~e ~liI'es oom!l PDF e;etQp.1o, en. las lI'I'"fi[iliCl'l:r:iElflelS !till' las ;aberturas.. 5r :se han

, N'iSitado _tlnos ~emas tracfcfooales de

i£!!~ ~wbi!et1lr"a' como IPued'eli'll set' las:

"JIriCl!Jl"1i1s'" efJl"fac.hada 0 las "~JelifiU!· Dterioll'eS de I~ que eI reS'lltado' e:s en timo modo c.ontexbJ~rista,

:Se Ira 1r;.,~o de e~Br eI oial!Jgo del

II !!((J I!!dIllcio rtX!1iI ii:1 ~or 'roli!m ret

dBt all e:. Per~, Iia iftIMB piel de la rachad's iIi'Iwtaor. aWIlqL:lB ne, ~ec.!Jndal'iai en .'sbJ. CMO" wrt5bi!!OO r·1J oelotlla wtiad:i Ilpe t::U".et:g;;!! PO( d'ebmbl' 00 lla f0d1arii:! p~iamaii'te dicba qlJ! rms remUe ill iii fiCI1~cbJ ~d1'iad3

tori Ibrise.-s, , del edificio Werlrnr ti:llittl en $I.[!

'>risi6m diUrR!Il como. nochJrna. 11f~. ',,!lido it :sJJ ''tel e:s~s; domeS'tJeo8 que Sill: am'!:l11 sOOt'e' ~5 oflcimas,

A «Jrruelllioo.al brig': 34, dweti1I'1I!l:S on rlV@

sto rC)!S , an VIlillSillrOUfld garagE: and Cr:ifM'Jel"t.i:J1 ~rtJmiges 011 the grouiiC! fJooq. An (! rWtaf)i' Jl'D:;mon ~b!I~n pi!'irly ,,~aIl5 fill Elarc:.efopa"s E.nsanchB di'lhic.t. were ~ not f'Or a !:ingtlh.~ {:oms.truction n !he- teIt'lrn {II Mle

bIo~k: 1:be E 'I.al Gus.avo Gm S.A, blJddlng.

bLit bl!l'WB!n 1954 ood 'l960 b~ Joa'lijim

.!Il1d fr.allOe5C. Bass6- wl~ \'tOO the f/ID J;lrin' In ]96.1.

Onll! a.f 1:Il!l! most unusu 'fUli.lte:s. of this blIDdill& 15 p{eoisely tn!!i' df!!CtStoo to plait!!: it . 1he n.dtIli!l of th.e- block • This ga'o'l!a n~w \laIUB to wh~t is !.JSlialJ)' i:oosider8d tile worst ",J"<FMI .of lI'Il!! site and' left rDtbe.fs: area!; unbuilt, 1IIw.s il'l a Wi1!I, ~oeOOYering 11 lItopia c4' if! open e,tden s,pi)C:G 'or Ih~ street lDIot::k as a !M1(lr@" They else ~J:!led, :U;, ilia aligila! PrnfeCt Ge~i'ipllon 'S:B~S, "iii reserve o.f blld fw mulmpl!!l' aJll)liG!frlj-omf. n~ idea to I:hl!: btmdiRg, Ui.a-t hs no"" bl!ll!ln ci!lmedi out WGS ~li lIl1!i\a~ro, I:otdy abSenl' If'OtM lilt!! tOllCept IJt UJe: Ed~I~1 bfJlld&Jg"s desiff/l, The fid ~ 1tfI~ two .ililill8 Jt(!11:/ ~ W~r!!! reft expoSJed re'tei1s.. Ii'! a; semSi!l, tI'lE:

UIIltni~'Iieod ~lif.ij (II hMB b!lli Qpetation In

rlJ ~ "'WI-oI.

The I{JIJlurne of' e n IN bUI responds to ltte e:ds.'I,'@:IlC:I!l o!' 1he fdit{lriill burlt!:lil,6 ill 'Ill!!!: rmldll'. The de era'te1y g 1II1t sp-ace. the ~i:5Iit1~ va,tuum. ~Qlflr1ilS !iii ~

eh!!WlIl<Ce. The' b'anSllarentieSi, vrile ref ~1i thaI 1jI~ er litmJwgtl ,glazed

Iaees ofdilferillB degrees (If Gp~qUillf1~'5S. emphasise Ihe el(i:sll!!nclB: (II ill tM1dilig

btl1il1d.

On orlie' band, tile c:l'lancC! Ito armexe a

l14Jirdlna r.ot IW Ihl!! 0PEl~ iSp;lKe iii! front 01 Ine ~lfCfial etIiI ed UJe new (:(Jn$l:rudioo to be diirided ir'!IO twa blocb' b:acUtg oot~ tlJe

1)1 W So, 1e:awJ8 a clea.f sp,a tI!! bllltw.BEin lilem wh i!:h is 1'1 C! Ifti:lfl!l' :!:han '!be usual l)et"cet'llage of ceffira-bfGek Opel .spat!!! aaboogh ' , .s m;llaced lPerp.enOO:Ilfm'I!f' to. S'b'ee't. On the Olb!iII'. h h~r&e1 L1f 1h! two bkJl:::ks is; r~ 0(1 pilalis. C~11g all lOO.trance F;!!Orch Uta., leads inlo '!he inh::nicr, bUilding, in 'fac~. Ii'O:ufiGS on lJJe cons:tTUI;~i t:mI (I! ! n a s I rt!:e:t-lb I ock P e rirJJ;et.e.r \Y'hlle seWiIi 00 rec!:lrn Ine I)iIrlQ il)' or lIle case,

AJthol,ign It does not 8llswet' liler ,1:0 ~ ~s1ing reglllifOOns for Ban:eIona's EfisBllche. iJJ I he' Pl(l~lion of UM!lopmings, 'mInstrlr.oB, certUJ Iraditiooa~ U1elfjje5 of iIIIal 8n::ftitece:::bJre 'SUCh ~s Ihe --U;Ue:!i"' om the fat:ad'e Of Uie' ilm@f ga1leftes'"IJiVe ~

revi ~1ted :s Q IJJ Ill' res.u It is. I!"! i!I W'i!f!J. c.~tuali~t.

1M ~rJOOIr haas ~II to e;(terD<i lhtJ d~U8 betwI1lli:rJ ltie i'iE!w' bwlh:lil1g ,alld tMe OOill bel1Jt'~ ri.Rh~ down to 1bc details, For exampll!l, Ih!3 ~ ~ of the ~rrw r€lC~i:h(!, allll1ll11ih rt 15

no. sec 1WWy. ·s case. Coo:sistiO' a.

gl.az~d Ifrttire tlla't _$ [n rtonl o! d1.@

lacade IJrIOpei'. 80lh trot 00)1 amd by ni.gl1· ' is, ~ ~ ilhat refers tl1 Hie CI!; 'tr.al building"!

gi&ud f~de hi. ioo-ooll::il whte

ptivati-sin,g, tile' domesfic ~:) '1lM't o~ 1:0W'ard5 tile offk.es...

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Una I'f!a!lff!!:' ~ Y do5 ~-iia5, 'tIes ~s. deseo, ~ del fH) ~f>'l:ar tres cuerpos., dcs: lilrites; un ~ ,ediflOO ~ 1'0 tanto,

Soo tres ~,Efl LII ,adlfiOO. ~' tf:

......&.00........ ~~_ """~I i i.. !~~. E!11I,_ :!!II;II!II COIi"""I~. U1!

'aEfPQ ,Ct~ COft!C!rt~ Ia ~ dB 19s. ~B. interpenetra:fa5, ~!"!IiIo ocUta$ _$ ~,aiII doode

'tmIm~,

lEI ~rtlIo I!!$,mm lftI,~ que se mu~J qJJe ~ ~ apiJiU~ {,:ill' Ia

~ ~ i3rioo:: d ~n ~' se

.;u.i,;;'li"- .. ,,, ~i'".!.N> la r~ .. ~".oo ... ~_ ...... ..,.. ..... ,,... _ ....................

llIi!Ii'lI ~liw nas ~ en ~ ftujo ~I es~ kl ~I:ai P<H' e.I coofin r;eUne' IEllia ewe!!i:rad del camImo su m:f)'OI" ~SQi',: es Ia masa, que !if!! aa/M wal~d ~t~IDilertiaJ ,~ ~rtit« &ai ~ we':s;e 1aI~1 001r0 UMI'~ ,~1iIOO [B tensiOn ,del ~iiItO Qjje Ql.i_ se'"

I~ii ~ WIIlI1lO d'.e Iai &'e~ 1185, da dlga:ada ~ ,e~~ ~ ,e$OO~ ~I wcl!J de h :~ de ~ Ifte~ ~ k!Dr ~liIl!i!f1 kll1l!iijUn131 ,de Lill ~ .to;gS ~ wbiw ~, 'C(Il ras: ~. ~s par esa Q_1it:! 1dm1r4ii .. ~briMia. (j~ se ii'iOSi oIi'@(-~ ,dE: ~~,'foom5 ~ ~ dl~ de' b~?'

AzJt tlie" bIau. aztJIOJ lI!!tkum'r 10$ ~ de ~I IIlIm' soo lOs I!lOO Jl8IIiten ~f':~ ~ Ii;!i1 b d"1$1~fI:;.~ en fj£Q l1!:tIraffio mar- WIde en eI que ~ ~, ,i.~ se divistl ~'~ eJ plJefLte de mIIJ!Mjo?

E'fi ~~~fitj'~ iI!II deb realza ooa "dan.!ti de ~ ~ ~s.:~, ~ ~to. oooforJma'~ Ii faw~ ~

~.~ "':...J,."... • ..&_~J ... '" ....... ~,dB ~~-JIrIIIJ.IV ~-,aiJ ~~ ~~~~ __

nMnmI 'OOSDD b hJ~ de las brocas. ~~~. gn ra I~,f;j

A.. ~_ ~ - ~~~--. l.i.- .. ~

~'11111 ~ ... ~ ,~ WII!J!IluacM'" ~Jai

~Wf'." ~il:Ialli1flltHil ~:' eti111lsa!d'o 1190,. ~~ 1!,I.n~ ~ ,~~e" apereoe ma ~FIOie. Ft.lgosa 1!Ii~, lJiI!I,a ~o' ~r tel huero: mo d'e ~p; te,fa$ e'li ~emo aso~nW"1 d'1ll~Y, 1POf·~ ~ ~ bIlillm'Tte. ~ridc,~ Iai,ex~ de la ilWBI'ISa frente, IJ ,~ ern ell zOCllIIDJ M5t~ eI'~ OO~ $iiI$ ~ ~ ~~ ~E: !hal de ser flinl;!0Ib ~ l!mne y. [POt lafi'lo. "facat\cl.1i do".

En 5eflDOO hc.riltlll~. d edfIcio se ac~1 de ~rrla a dll'leCha. ~etamOO 1ra5 de~:S!l ~ es~~ d~, y !:ICi!l~ ID!I. ~itfllli:l de'iieCliIa!: ell a_ Que ~ ,e] ~,* Ia

1TIld'e', nDJlI" de IiII ~ de '~~IOO r~f (lIG'iIli8!:n 00fa :5IJ.po!iIe ~ra eI'as:. Ell mediQ, WI ,sene de ~~s; ~~ ~ rrt!,JIMffi ~~s~~eSi®.e ~ ~ 1ei::1lra, ,de til 'faclilai:fa. ~ sil:uai:d!es; m~ d~~~ al ~~to esl'alis.riD!J1 ~ ii:5IiMJ ~s. Afec~ ~ est.e ~I ~os huwiJoS ~OO5 de' lIDs pab darden a~ol ~l

~"

EIlI ,ej &il'e!i:llr ~ ca.~ ii'Ia .. las ~.

oos: ~~ gl m5l!lil!J' ~ Ct'!fI~ nos; OOei'llramilOS. b ,~ifm'. cOOe! oo.l tf,e, IIGS ~,~ ~ cr~, aspati31 hasla ~~ eI ~tilo. de$de c~b~6n Iltorlaooten ~ secom pOOwoo_s. JliIlf (U1" _.ar hatia ell

!W(I, bdb y d'e~atDQ,s..

Ii. ~wel;;3r.1 rna.'ller allId IWlJ

..J> ,"""'_ - tlir'e'" ~"'ii:~ ; .... _,~"'!!' '!J!!ItI!Y- ........ 5" __ ,.; I;)!~" ....... !!.II,.;; ~f-'~""' .....

Yri5!1, l10t m snow' tlill"f!f:' ¥QIUni!i:5" two [Iimrl~s:; OOfiIseQlilently ~ :qlill' buirdiRg. These :31fe thH~J~: hoo~e$ 'in C!fte bilildiiil,8:

Vlftili:;h are ~U1~red In ~ sin.gEe C<!r.fjoreity, One bod\;.' ,c>onceiil~a1:es the i~losll'JfI of 'i:1H1! illf~erpe;netfilted dwe'lIillg.$. ~atiM Nidden 11n@s '!.ha~: ami i:li1(JKf:11I \'ibere 'tJie!( OJrfle ilfl!.o OOr:Jt~c~~

1i1-.~ h.n"l'dOntn· I"i!.. h"

~ 11"-" ._u ...... ;.u, liS he ~ s "-,Pi glj,

~11_t. ~ ib wall. [wrytl!m6 piJlnl"$ in 'Uie. dfjeC"~on ().'f ~ way: tIIIe vol aJliIll I;!' ~m~s Pfl).81e5:S11re1y sti!iliuiIi'Ier on 'U'iE!' ra~ade in order 1:0 ~tnlte iI:IJe 1b: trl Spa(e I!i!lOre~ mll~:: 'the .gl'OOl1Id ~n. 011 h oatJillllr In - . .,jj- - t'i;"...., i.'" ffr ",1- ",I' !lI'IiC~i\i!S1!>,

"in"", eB jl!Q!':; _ '" ~ e~~e"'i _ . _

lI)gelJ1~P.' at the ~1IH1] Ilat :gives. ollbD Ulle' 'W~" 'WIle nH!lS'S is; ~JJlWfall!d to aci:llllllllla~.i3 tlii!! inertia effed of 1lhe mO'wlI!.!'lll!4lt: 'i.h-e ~F 'fIles; Ii'!«!: gn .aJ'I'OW to elpl'eSS me tte.~ 01 Ihe 11liiieJ~ that ~~ ~ ro be.

Be:hi~ the!tMi . ~f ~ .sNpi' btl~indl ltg, ~'G'uIi :z.te.m. c3mi£!s ti!le va~ll!um prodl)lc~d by 1:00 wooolllllJf the :IDreW ,amd 'Ilie' shared ~Iace. 'Ine f(Jl;!lm 'of !fu~ m~e. Of' is i~: lSI 00',r,r:: deck '!'rim me tad,s. d'r.awn .. try 1Hs ktolhed or lfg-.zag rib'l:ioo Hrilt dlSpliij1'Sr diHereri~; FOfmS ,a(~niil.e to ~ direction i'I mhicm we are Ioo~iiilg?

Bki~" ~UlI. b~u. ~~;, :~:III"kurm U:1e ttilOlllr":S of '~ sea are thQ~ ~Idl e:n.$1~ us 'tn appreciBte its. p~Bs.enoe in IIhe (ji~-taDc.e. Iii'll 't1lt1s s.1ta~ :er-.;!~ 'g@.3i om mum it waJl~ to :s:a), 'Whiil~: t:~!li' ~ made ,out (if()_1!i'!I 'thl!! l:irje\ge?

vemca'lty, the b~ ~r!Q~ i!i daMe ;af 'the '~ell ~il$ .. As thg 'f~ Iii&gslt eradt!aH!t ~eds skins~ bel'O"tI. IIl1lfl'bl ~ rib:s< is tID-II.! 'tlOO tra c. Its of 1he dri II bits. Ule '~rst stage, [1'1 sbO~&d~il.I!lj nbow. pGisfiedl sam) slone {Of the Il.sllways; f\ldliliU' niP. smoo.titl' 1feIld.erirug: dii5 ,~e~,,~ to. show ,Ii ro~rgh paW1;!d S!llrfM.e and then c.cime:S to iIfie belies.: 1i',;000tete eaws. 'Ije:s, m~

,'" r.-i'rilt:i' .... ..,....""' ........ 'i'.-t ,;!!.. .. fIu, ""hii'lOl limu $_11.11,,,& ll.!!oI'fflll I,J!<;' !;;!IIII"I. l~lM!"'l' :;;0 '--'.J'

rFil~nrug$d ahilliliilillm. A p:n;llrEss: 'm lhe ,e_~re$siM o~ de')MCf qalmst 'Ih~ ,f:Xbr3fllelOOS imllllle' hall w'lfie lrir ~ 'm5- Oi'!-fij' (If '~lIe ~J_Ii;lmll' \littif:1'i ~~ ro-b~ ,!:leaOOd ~)' ~ .and

'~fcJe cares~d.

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le'11t to, qnl. 1'@1!I1i.iflig a iMllm I:tehind it,·, the g;a~ ., and ~~i,lcting ai!ll iII.1'fOWo-h!]fid': iIJIe e.8'IJ'€5 IMal pJQ!.et:1 Uie bed!'l(i-!i!l! ,of III.!, ~!' who; i.!;i ~hI!! moror o~ tfil~ 'l'31i1i1ily r>ef4)l;IliIdin,B O',Peraoo.n tIIat this: blJlildin~ 'sigmi~jl!ls 'k!r il!; Mmers. till be~, a :smes ,of ~idfmg "J.vldo'WcS m~' to rugges:l:' dIffer«rt a1ran'lentlen~s 'that rn-odif)i 'thJe ~6Jg 01 Ut@ f'll:jf:a.d~" 'ffiIJlI1Il lO'ta'!ly Q.~ to' c~bely *_~ wm~n -rhu::y .eifEl 'I:r~ed,

~I!i '~~e ml~~ of Ws-IlQlbbOO. '~fH!l hollo.we~ yan"ds lose $'Ome~ing 01 l!hal" ~~I'iIiI:-dty.",

~ the ~rrt>!riw QIf eidl h-ol!!~ we 'riod litI_e s.ame ha- ~LJt·. as we go tfur~er m., !tach o!' ame'lr :s~rk; Ib~ lllifI!:t;jS Ul.em:S~ ~rse up to l~e attic will'i Ij~ tli;'l~ony!, C!IJIWmoo ml tile

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ove~ '~J:I' lJie otlil~J si:dAi! aIEl ~ll~e.

Tres, casas en el camino Three houses al,olg: the lane

~$/~-chiceclS:

ManWell J. Feo Oje~ V,rtto~ A.ki1U'(! ,M~I'·lri1l~:r.

~ 'ID 111 \!'III ~ il~P,i ~I Pteil'lO'" AI~I)Jt.il ~ ,die 'Ili~ 'I hudIIlI,

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EI'sdar de 7,518, 22 m2' ;e:~tlii ·sib.hl00 coroo Female de uiila :ocJM dlH' Tres. Cmrtos ocupadil.mayo:rUaraame;lrte POJ @sta '!ipdogia residlllmriial. L~ pareela ,e.st& limilad3 (!(Ii' el bllJl!!!!J.:tr un1Jal ~ .POI" el ~s.eo ere IbOfde ct.el IDarqu.@i Qrg.'Sl1irzamdlJ!Siil' SI;.! acceso *-Sde f~1 proplo tJulevaJ ill l.t~ , , re;l!laiifo vfas ,pa-pelilmcufares ,a r~1 de 5.~O rn, d, anclwra ,d'e carik:h:r j1e;;!b;;NiaJ () 'tranco restr1np:lo. Esta o~n pl"odlltC:II' m8 0l1iliiudiOn de ~$ manzanills redang.udar<e'S ,ljfiien~ada:s etJ senlido SUles;te.-oo~~

Los ed'"lIflCios prO'jBc:tados tiooe" OOIi'li'lO £if"Oigl',afiU 'ili'lriendas dii! 5IJpalicies "tileS inlerlores ~ 90 m1 COli dependelflCias [para gar.aje y trastern vinculad'as a k1$ mfsmas, :siendiJr iii! ediftcabiliCfad <I~~ G(liiJjwrto 11.e 6,,400 m2 cooslniidlJ{i.

IE~ Pl{!~tto parte de una dtclsJoo inH:jaIJ 'flJfldtrn~emtat ~ir la ~i~owa ha'bii:u~1 de '!.iMeooa ad'os.a~a entre· medi~rll[!:rfi:'l~. QllIe .genera paralas de gran foo.do '1 esc:asa ~i\01tUi'(!i oo.r ~ Of,g8f1i'Zlroicl1 tetldente a la de ca$lliPa'rio OOI1l00WOOo:ii8 a IaJ doble foclt.iJdill Y .adc:S~lJdose IKIr ellad'O ,rnis- largo a IlIli >CtlSH (:0 ndaitte Que 1'U:.oo score Ila ooa calle,

Esta I1ItreVi disJ)O·sici6m Ianari!llll1l pabIJ rm.s :ilrmpio .Q}!IJ!.o se des~ila a j2lrdn sitit.!lmoo en su laleral el gar"aje- Cib!.emi.eiilOOSl'l!! .21~ ~ mjy,a'tlz~d6n tit;! @-ste.

Lal vMi!'nda fjf:: ~~" en tres pla.ii1las: OOIllaS cerrunes en plailtG Mjtl, d01mitorios en pIanta primenll ~ ·te·rraza Sii;iliilrit!m. en ptantaJ tercera :S(lbre lii Que' ~M 81' iru1:ero. La est'alera se adosa al I"I'!l.!Ir'O medilllnlm;lllOOns.ij.uieru:klse iluminar a tra~s. de su eSp.3cio en doole aUura las lQRBS. oSCUla:;; ,Qwe es.te 'lifJo 00 ·orpnlz'B.ci6n fispacial genera,

L;):s e~os llabrlEbies se abrelfl iii' f'3Ii::Etada!PO 11100000. c:uya fOrIM y l'aini1io lI"es,pOflparl i(Q1l:ieame:1'I'OO a 18 fwm:ioo de ~rn e illlJmiri~ci6n~ Ib nrblerl;;l i;lt31 con:mto es inG:lin~da ados ii!lgl!.ii$. de sl!l!IC;illa ChalJlBl meMic'.iI dejiilli1r!o d.esoyb[etIZl ~ 'rerrnza de P.lfta terc@ll'.2I, eilflW1ietll!lo liiI pietra b'tls-bero iXIli' SU ,posicioo 6s.1njt~gka ree&)lente a ella em !!in e$pacio ca,pIllZ dii! acosef' tlJrI~[~S '"'mas digllas" que las. Que InlclalmentE!:!le· Ie :asigmm. EI material uUlJ'zadO en la t:OIl$Uuecion es 1'I;IIlilI~m~IiI~21lmE:rlte liildriilllJ rel~mico tifl'tO en los e.errmierrtos de viviei!tli:(I:J; ¢Orr'II). j~~s, i'i)OOfl!"rem:looe· a li!! oelosla dei mismo rna '.eria1 coillf '1·te;(tp'a clJJand@ Sill: quere abri" el espada, iiel pa 10 ~ia e:l exteOOr:, Las c.ara;e.rfas y elementos de d:e'SiPs:SOI' mel~licas [fjil!lmlloo!S en eI mismo cOIl QUe rei ii1i!!1leria1 tis cubrerita y I/l)s. ~av!rne.'1w.s en ro!las ~iOf@$; eorno ac eras.. !t~b:ada:s· ,t OOFl!:lS 00 l;:iU:l ill 5. d'.e paUCJ;S.. se ~ COl'! namriQOn IriS.

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- . . La ooral c(lIilS1i~e uaa apil'{j~n ej;eiiiil!M a~ d!ficil problema 00 1.21 vNi€li1dal ul'liJtilmiliar art!osad's-

La ptlO~ mererirtB d'esde ellJC!!Ilto <Ie' 'lim (I~I p.IIDp:etario y :su lJivielflda, tan.to ,en su I,!IS(J cotmiaoo erJ Ia vidiJ priv,ada olirno ern liH aspe;:::U!s: l('epte~~· de rus esWus s~ "I cullll alO$, (lUI1f1a atendida desde ,el PI'Oy«to: yt'la ui:liCi!I 'fcoollada de mayor ~maiio ~1!1j n-eprl1:'5enbdOri ~4 r;~i6!!l ,d'e la dii:Sf:ilIdlal ~i!ldl coo elemell'llos pu!p40.s; del IP~!ti'l:O !fi:ara;es qllf r:ienro!ln patios, 0,' ~~ sdbi'l@~rnsioliladas en ·(achadas. ,e evil~jjl1l b \lision tater·a1 d'8:Sde ~iI ~'l:ama cootigua ek.i. [121 afirmacillil de'lillIlirIlI:iNidlJiI! frelite~ a 10 c:oLe:c:tNo. jJ~ dlsPOsiciOm, y iamaiiio de ,t:himemeas. ila 'ler13Za en i:u·blel!1~. I~ caUt pr~daJ.

[iii el ilSi)ect-o ul1bamo @f conjurrt,o resuefve su insertiOn en 11& dulfud een VOCillGioo de .f.C1'IfiIr ~u.- de eH'a: sa· fMIDCiai a 11m fl'a~iOm ·f.fI3rr~ :alia idea de esc.a1a Ijr~ ~ ilISO '!Jbsesi1i'oo de llIii 11inko· mal.erlal. ~a e&C~la i:anlo de ras edfficatiolle$ ;eo'" SolIS. racffilda:s r~tes .' bl,illevaf' urbaoo, CDIIIO en los vjljles int.emes: (lue· per:su dlinensil!lll illliipiden iii leCtura ifr·agmentada d.e~ ronj~;1n, I~ BisectOR de~ colO, de~ IiII c.er~mlca de 'fuerte p-rts@f1cia~ etc., etc", :EJIejag eSfte eomji,JII'!~'O d~ la ina.Ben rFOilteliz.a que esta~ ullhi3rt1izacio:llles d~ baja d'erlsidad habrruall1l1lelil~e ncs lJasriten, acerc~ndkda a la il'imagen !;:OnttmdBFlte de miliu:ana IIIrtlana Cl,ue.- reclama w glQ.ar '1i!1i1 1:51 Cillldild,

Por ultimo. fa deddida r-eli!urada .iI' la bUsqueda ,Db5tinada dell ~do· 1)e!Io. 1'r~ilI~;It Ia ,eWlente 3pae5ta Q(lr los w~e$ qpe entendemos I)I'(Ipi~ oe Il1ll!lrQOOectun'il~ tires ~ l;algeometr[a, la ml!ldl:ilt '!J Ia recOilornia, aJ$n em obr.a ·ere 10 m~grloso! i!:ilIrrtl,Placiarrl!l' 0 artificiooo Qlje Ia mod~ PI;ed'ica. h!3£~ surgir eWdellltes. IMi, aspect(i!; ,e$petmC!3I'imi!3I1W iRfqlli~E:ctOOic:.os de ral arquit!i:chllra., PrtN!JCalfl@ -Qiiie· del plfO,pia. rigor disci.plimar smjm Iii!! ~tica.

Yivlend!a.'s unifamil'are,s, , dosadas en TNiS CanlOS~ Madlr"'ld

Group, 01 'lOwn houses "in Ires Cantos,. Madr'iid

Arq~twArcMecl:

Mateo. Coii'.ales C ante ro

~1:o~JD:tt't Lui!i. ~ t3m:Ia

.eja:IkIf~ ~~~~ FI!l'Ni'DI F<'l!I:tiasa *' I if~Le 1!.iJis1i'~Or.~F.~

EW-001in~:

JMili,~ C;;ila5 1N"83Sl

[~~: j'"L~,r..1jZ~~

>1 .... 2r3

Tile 7,:518.22 rn2 site puts tMe lil'lishilg touch kl an ar"el (I~ Tiles C~niiJ8,lh81 is. milillliJ' occ:wpie(I b)' Ihis t)1)J! o'f l1oos.dlg. The Sll:!' is lJ;Qrd'efed b)' ihe cerlIJa1 ~r':" .trtd by fna promenade ~ng '!be edge of l1ie' ~rl< 8nfli seeass is. o_rganised by. fOOT :5JI, m ~de pede~Tian Oil' res.ricte;d Ifaflic s>1rr~f:b; lead'iilllJerIPendili:l!laily off 'the ooulevafd. This layout ~e5 ri5e k1 $ix. JKtiniLilar street blocJ:.s f ' . g oo!.Jliti.east 'ro oorm-west.

ft~ bri¢ (01 lhlli' PJ",.Qjeded buildWIgs ails 'Por dwli~s Mt~ ,21 net nOOF .areal ,rJ;f ~e~s Ulan 90 m2'; ~b having .as.sociated glillage alii:! st{]reroom s~s. Time ~er.;J (.om~d ~UrlDCe are;;! ~iU.e.d is 6;40.0 m2.

The starting pOin. fOt U"lis projilct is ltJe [JJndiilJllflenl:al' decision ~o al)alil(loo Ole habitua'I arr,alli:eiJ'!Ia1lt of d!#ellllilgs belwffn j)ilr'ey ~II$ wl:Jk;1:J g@fl@f,mes btJirdDg pkits of g.rreal deiP~' and lllire mdih, re.rnacing rt mt'dl a back-~ hol,!ls,e ilmd roroooort 'typI! argmr.:is:a:tron that !jIurr~ud~r$ U'1e- doLibl~ f.!IAa.d& and loill1s eac::~ filornie by its. l(Ir.J.ge-:st side: te 1M I!! hoose \'it1ic::t:J riilt:e5 0III't(J tbe next 5Ib'eet

This !'lew -!I'~.angI!!IIT1!!1f11 eenerates a much wider .'ront araa 1'01' a g.a:rd'ctn. Placitl.g the 8,GI~ge akIng one side- of it ensures its prir.ia(;y.

Thli: hoese is. ~rl~nged on 'IitreB Iloor.;: 'u'e cOOW1'Wl1al ~ii!I!$. ~e (iiIi tM gi'CllJIoolloor. ·the bedrOOIDS :ale OJII U1e '.Sit rlOOI' and the storage' mom look-s ou~ 001:0 a solarun-tell'ac:e on ,,"W iIhir(i noor. The $talrCtl5'~ is IlJIl:ill'ed agahsi: 'M. back {parM 'W.a : this. two-storB!I soaca It!m·ableS. qht to reach the· dark sress Ulat Hlis !we' or stJ·tJ~al organisabolll plllllrnh~.

TAli: hil!bit;l~ SJ:I~oe$ ~ 'Wi1l00w opemiJliS· the 'f~ ,01' iJ sh~e aF:1di slilapt!' '!hat responds til Ole sole 'fUOO'tions of light and ve.nil.illior.. Tn0 dollble·pltch roaf is sinlpie, or sheel iiletal. IUYiIlg Hie ~Ioor terrace OPteD. T~ Slral@gic OOsitiQllI of h storage room. gMl1\g (Irnto the Ilei'r.wt!!, rl'!!llU!lbl8s this space to be used for -FIi'!C!re dllili'lltfied~ fllndiolls 1han '!bose initri~lIy ,jJo.'Ssisnea to Lt, Thl! oorSlc b-iddirDg lDil<teri:il1 is c:eranfit: bricfl. for 1he walls. ootn ol'(h!l!' houses md IJf Ihe BClrden$. where: .(II f\a\'U(e (I[ Ihs same ma~.iIlfiill, ,j;101'OUI iilndl ~~u;e is. ~ ~ 1JMl: i~rrtiDn is 1:0 open up the !ore(:(lI,ltt area I£! ~I! ,e:d@rio.r.

l"bei fiLtings and' draililptpes ,~re me paillteid ihs same c::dour as; the nie!ing lfIfIateria1, alld the f!'X~8ma1IPMg sooh as

p.m.reme~l:S. roo~$ aBd Il'1Q p3'Ired areas of IIfte IforecOUft:s are Illa'de of ieF!9)' cOO£rri!tt:.

".s, wotk ~$ an ·I1:oomplar)l app;r'ilacl!1 to true dlfficult. pi'O~ (If: Ihe s.in,gle-famly i:GWlll filiJlF'Se~

'11~ project addresees tile Inherent PI'Obfms (ron 'the j:lQint 01' lMw a~ the l}.'Ml~rs G1IIlJ t~ir ~s, bo1h in tw daly use

in UleiJr pmr.iIte _ es and Ii'I tfleit facet Qf r8pt'es.oo1ing slJciill and ouifural slallls: ·a singlE... ; I!Ir. l'aAadil! (social

rer;r'E!serrtatll:wi), the de-wed plIllBC::Y 8chie\ted U!rnu.gh llhe: i)O$ltlOfI of 1lhc oompo.ltlmts. 01'11113 project ns-et' U.he garages scn';!~ ~h!l1ron'l: iEamel1, ~-$il-$d cnirr'lne~ $'~ 00 thli!l ~aAade 10 block a side view J:rorn iLOe ~ ~ dOQ;i; ~c.}. 'Ihll: IiIHirma1iDn 01 dle indNldual om Ihe ~e~ (lIhe: OfiFange.rli.ew,t' and! :si!e of h rehiBllle)l' slacks, tml!: rool'~lillTIilce, Une private s.\~~t

FrQm the 00J1 paini of view, 1Jis I~ 0' ~ouse$ $~e$ 'trnl! qtt~tion I(d its in, e:grnlioo .. w~he ttrrNTllhli'(JWlIh ns .. lOciliioo as.

part of 1he LJlFban fihric. 'O,pls for an urban se ralJ:1er ttl!m 'frigm~nti)~O(): its oose~e u~ of 3J ~·ma·~eOO!, title

scale of iLhe buildings. ibOl1~ 00 thl! laAadE:5 that ilh'e onto the ooLl.'levard and U10SQ 1.bal IOpen moo HIe internal ~tre-ets. the

~I> .. ', o'in'M!nsl~ of tim latter ..michi IlfEfveill't.ll! 'kagmell'bed ~Ing or 't_Ma gfEiuP. the cOOk:!:: of a wld~-tf!5.ed C<:IIO\! 'fo~ 'till! briCk

~ a: ate, ete, distance il: rtom the bot\'f.er image 'mat tM~ loor-d@Il'Sity de!l8lojJfDell.ts, ~abhualy ll"ansml't· brings its cleser o the farcerol PDa e ~ the ~ b;an str~t brodl.1bat - sis~:ii G'J1 OC:~!.!J)y1Itg. its, ~ In Ihe kwm.

FinalW. "he reS$1lft.e f1f]!,mci:iflion of an oosful;ate :se.at(h kif' Iove!i~~ iii d\e rmm1t ,~nd OJe e'!.lid:ent dIoice cd values thaI wI! b~' aJ..e pro;per ID. :ar.OOltectwre. ~!.!iC~ ;;!is gool'l'lEiU}l. lIW:&esure .000 ec::ODl:!Iiny" set tliJlii 'W!Ori< apart f1i'(l.in 'tim nI:wel'~y.s.o~illgl comp~i5int !:IF ' . Iful llU'(lchI(;IL~ilS, pretu::Ji1l!1d !by fasllioo, matiill'lA: thee $p.E:e.rfl(;a!l~ arch~tl!Jr,al asp-eelS of its ari:!tmer~lJre sl'illl1d oot ,. ld bringing pootry out of - r.igi)I'!JtJ<5 ap(1ro.a.cl1, ki its dIscipline.

'5,Il:!i'I!f:!:f!:i'D' ~,.

ti.~~ ~ ''1, ~ ti!l!r'a ~ I.lIi!it.Il!I:I!m EillrD' I'!I!!I!

Nueve a,do6ad~as, en lalverlnes B _!alnqlUBs

Nine mwn houses on tha o'Ut:s!kiirU lof Tabennes Blali1rqUJe"s

kquiteG1~-5/Arthil,eclS:

fr,anri5t'O, J. ~'e)'e$ Medin~

Jose bui:!! To!baiio$ U~:

Fren[e a irwa(Qt!les talas COITIO proy4!c:tar uIlkl80es (arniliares SIft cenoeer Ja.s d~SGO's de IDS r!li:5id':eiltes y. 10lil ~sti~~uci61l de la ooidad 'f.llImiliiar JltCIr la agrl.il~n. se presenta liII lj,polo81i~ d@1 a~E1~aoo.

Sin p~fda de ,",i$t~ ,~ indMdu8lidl,a.c de In familial a nivele:s de· :mld'~.d. se ~roy.ec~a est~ o'bra en Ta!lemes. Es frutJl del medf(J ~ de la, .' rtncia de 131 easa iii '<jjos Iml!lM'"', ,arntigua case d';: [Iii!! hiJ:ietta " ~ que- se accedi~l com el cann 'Y 10$ aeeros de lahrnma h aSl.J.j Ull patiiJ tra:8S'!l.

E.I PATIO es. til j:ll1omgo.llis.ta de ludas, 111":8 ta So I) rern1 s ~ $. E SO el a 1!MI.ii!ftt G reccnoeible 'i lTIulti,plic 'Of d'.e1 mOdulo y lie oonliet'r8 U - ad! a niveie::s, de iJltimidad ,i;1CuSlic:a. vistnl y d'e r~g~oooo termira, WOOillciw.dllSe' una c.(lrt~e de 1!3- E! IBi3lflenloo poOr la diferern:i~ de le~erJtUlras.

E1 1!!8qtmfllla del iiI:.Odu~ esta 'kJtillIll1Ido Pt3r <los euer!p!')s. indiWpemlielil~es. unidaS PCi.!' I", i!!$(a era. Sill' elil~re'li!ium los; des ~ill11ites fi$iCi)$, ,el b1oquI! dB I/Memlas medialil@1o 'Y ta huetta, La esea , fa junto ,al Datil) orgalli2a Ia

, --,!KIa ell lilemM lliarriCS

hab table~. AI Ii: deJ reo!JJlridlJ

rrerticalUIla escalera ImH!fillico nas IIIIW'B ;It 18 doUe cwiertal i)lanaL La clJJb.ier~,a retoma Iil~ 1P8pe1 l'~di!:1J perdido 'ira5 hi! !l:;J'iSI$ de kJ~ fP(JslliJlla.dll-5 mod'erJllQ'5.

l.a perSpe:c'~'_Ii.a aslillimi ilIda y se

c, la Iradas a la !tomtinwi:dad d~1 D-1:,no ,;;1011111111.:11'"0, hill unidad ss Il'J'!ce,pw~ IIiIii~S qtm 'If:si't.ai. EI~ e:1 p.1t1nlJ! ir~tef1iOf se pi'(IdUCe un cambio d.o materia 'Y cOlOr Ql!'!! leSla~ei:E!' IBI rwmdido ,eoo el borde urbii!~Q. Se1l1ar-aclOo5; de-Ia I'fll!;:b!ma se dispone.1'I1 paraselea lillie :l!IMrtiguail el efracl:o

el S01 00 p.cni£::ure. E.stos jllrrtlO a 50s ba1cooes: PIOW'gen ~a illm.idad del int'Bl'iOlI" de 1;lI 'l,l'i~eJ:1da, ,MOl',;!! bietl(. de sd.e sl int\f:t1llr toda:s es'trMi eOelil'lenkis metMlcos se il:raIlSp.8nllltm "J nos, .roerta.n ,~I

pa is·a jl;l' ,agr[c@:la.

W"I!!n rnc:@d \'I 'Ih maliable5 SlI(;h as. de~illlliling fafrily ~nil5 I,"fTt~!1t krlOI"fli'iJ! the "list!@s I'}f 'Ih1!! r e 5 ide nts an di

.. -e ple e IIl'i I!l: '$I! hUfl i Iy mit wi til ill :R r OUI:J. the ta\¥n j}ol,l$e Iype nnakf!is am appea~,alX'e-

Th i 5: ~ fl1ject i n rani I!! ffi@!s. wi! S de5l g Ile d Y/.iUloo Ic~ sight (I~ saeh (-amity's individualty in tefms of fJfiuoa.c),. It is the fru~, of the medium and of the hHilage Dr Ole hcllIs.e "a dos mallis~oollbl!N1oiinded}. Ule old lannng wttagl! wIlicf;] ~Dpre wiUI a u:rt ~Ibd f~tm 'irn~h~liI1l!lnl:8 would! ;app~11 via iI.fI:f ~i:k ~n:L

Tihe back y'~rd or PA.TIO is tile (lUt~ rea~ili'@' 01 all Hu~se, prOfJ'Osi!iloos. It is th r4l'CO~ble ~ blilt i!n!ill~pli~s ihe module and gives lI\ItY I!'ILWms or acoustic a:rn:! vi 5U6I [l;JrM:!!1;)I' iI!ld the rmal lB gtM'Iiol1l as it produte:s rEI (urrent 01 air, gfm~n:lrted ~ til e diff-e1lMOe in tcrnperabJre5..

100 modAJ!1i! t<a. de S'ig ned .a t'OIlJn dl two :!;!!!p3la~li: Io'(jlulT1fls, u ·ted by Ie-

s arcese, The block of party. wall ~ouse-s and the 'lield~ andlofchar'ds,. U1e two ph!f.Sical flms." imterloclii. The staircase beside die- P2lt1io organises

Ole (!weI~ ii'ilO habirahht ' spans,.

A:.~: IfI e eM (I f I h e- I;r ~ rIE.a] 1T.lW e rse, a .-netaI ~t.a1'l"(:.ase leads 1:0 1he flat dDuble [{lot The roof reCl!.lpefail!ls its lost leisure rtlle ;after the crl -s. of tl"1fI modgm flomlate5.

The p8~ecliYe is lirru!edl d 1$

eFteNedi ilblmks to 1be «Inlinyity or

~Ite 'IN s.urraes_ 11:5 Imily is; IIiIiIOre

lPertUitual than pHysical. The change I{I m.ateI'illJ and caroor on the ij nrJef :Wttace sel!i up a faiie.oul ml.o too edge (II .he WM'fI-

Su.loShadoe.$ ~e plac" ~y lrom the fatade to. reduce, ~ s1:rerngtll of the SlIn from the west- loge.fir wi1b 1Ilc balcOfies. ttJey also protect the pri'r/a;::~ ,d' lfJe in'teriOf of tM iI'M ' • Vi @-Will dI from lh e iIlte 11i!lr', h crol'fe ~;,er', .§!III tbl!SIe rnetal glement:s. become trall$ptlrcrn aoo briing the rural 1an(!~cape ctoS@f.

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Casal en FOlios, 'Vallenoiia Hose in oios Valencia

ArQIMitoc.1:.o5/Ardlite<:l:s:

Vicente MilII,ue~ Wda'i Vi'dal LilliS A1Q!i$o, de Ii.mrni'lD :Pflel.

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La iCM!!IJ que se l!Ii'O)'ecta en urn !ID lar del m!JrIciIliol ~ foyos: tiene Ii : !lVlca diI!i ]x 20 m. alin a !as ,PIi!I!Cfb,,. que :ei)el'&i n las

~I~ c:asa.s de Uilal ~no. tall ndiilas eJ!I e:I p.al~ Wl'lilliU::i:iHiHJ'.

o () lEn est~s eases !iJJ dis;po$ktOn d'@! Ia vivienda C'Ol'lIsiste- !I!IIi tin (:uerpo edific.ado CI1JV(I PlrlliIllllFl1l>ll1 de~ii!le !a 'lr~t1 de la calle 'I so pl"c.i'umdid'ad de des ctLfJlas Coil U!llPrtlo po.srtm'ior. d'onde se di@~em anQjoo. de $loy(! a i'as r~ilCio_Ili1ls. .mDrlili1l5'~CaS; i&.8:adas a1 "ire liltM'e.

La e I B mE:lift.a1 dis e 0$ i e! Onl del e.Illel'JXI e d1f1 eli!! db (I u e S:i!l !"iii! c!JiJ1ler1ioo e iii '~adie;iO 111 .a 'll'ilWe 5. de til repetlc i &m 1811 el iii 1lfIl3ltCI.

a~loJi"aJ una buinli lIl_tIIclQn a'llu,&\U 'l:'Ofll este· ~sto pe _ C8 rispetar. a I(Jiarnr, de la tira dB ewerdlis.. SU alineaclOlil1o

EI 'lJ'OOJIiliI€:n elil'lpteado se l!Itil ~ e01Tllll1ll1I sOlido c-;m 00 a!tll::i!J8lla$. e$~ que OD.1f~Jgwr.an lei proeraimltl, ~ de, Illmil ~li, La iPar1:icuW' orgamacioo de sus corqlIIJllentes a1rededor 00 lima eMiilCI3i en _ ds· l;'Q'lumetria 8'!:1Ie.r'OSa CQflI

!!.Ioes,~ ll~ f:a'ilB ~ ,a] ~P3tio. SE!' mma ulilizandD el c;~o pJ'ioce -eI1to de Rau~·Wl, u'lm:IiHildtli para eDll _ escalsa

!ilstrimJ de 2,:26 iii!Jts ds l!JiBiSO que reCOffe Y~.il1te' eJ va~mem e· lcad:o OIJlil1li1~' ef!l~ sllol pbnta bajei" dOf!de se dislll(!.r-e i!lR e;,sp.e:ciD ~ra CCl'flQ.iesl la planta primeri donde' se albl!t;ga Ii teeml 'f Ii!! Sii!I'!a ,I) -ipa11~C.1'I tIOs: e~$ .fI mediI! :at1JJr8 QL:!e is! ,desUrrmn a Il::Ii~ "Il'i~'bi!!lJo y urn atliiFrnO nfvej de d'!iJ'fflttOOo.s y bOOr,i ICwyiJ iI!~fhllia .al'~!JJ' se.

rea.: .~ .(!I ~as d'e: UIIl ~ ..•. 1JIIliefII em lin Cef!itall' ". se _. 'en 'filtctIada come U!i'I " . OIl '!I ifffl StI interior W!'OO un

ptiJio qLm foIporta m~mldad y Itll,

I!..Q c.ac~.e( Vel) d~ la w.rienda flO :soo la'S parli:i'ooes, _ a.quram I~I Wabilidadl de IUD PFOg '. . oomeatic(l. I!J. que

~fm,eI1b!. ~8 ..m.nen:a mueS·lf3 es la u'liid1lcl de mli ptocedn1i@111o que: 00 e'Sla ag;(lt~O'l! que se ilici6 'OOlimO bandera dB Ilng8lldR~ 00 Jii eo· .. ~ (!~ eoos.oidati6rn ·d~1 MoWni'Blm McdefTii) 'I' es de pte-fl3 actue5dad.

En es.te ~tioo "I:siJJ pr;e5tD.JIF de OIi1on inl:ertpret:a(:i~ rt'~Ltan Isclareredol'"ilS I~$ .\,:lIl'ac:rooe:. c,r.e:se ~r.an ~ la arquft«I.uJa rrnod'etl!U yia opcioo ilOOISll"iaI (jiue la lTiisma re~laritilD .pari! Sl! nw.Ilerializ:aciOOi. QpciWil H11M ([100 di!iere de ta 1dea Clue II!! ,t:M'i2ac:iOOi mJdo..induS'tri:e1 tirQM dl1llla illld'ustria; es ~ ... HliviFldicamo.s fa· esenel!!! d't loa filoo!:aciO-fli E:t11I:aI1!r y no I:a u1EliIl:i~ lJidllSc:M'i1-a.dai de pahnl.es. Retol'!loceff.l~ COIOO UI:iI ~II pue5'ta ,a'!.df-a de t~rlic.as de 'l'ablit:al:.~ mlllmufaourera QUe mvil:alfcen Ii c;~n de' r~l 'tIi!.!iil!rlr:fiIl Pii:N!il.oo 'PCiI' I:i nlJc!!:sariaJ tr.aducoi6n d'@! I:a ni:sm8l all ren~ de laa~:lI.

~ Ia - lJs.tria de ro.~ eom,pElnen~ES se t.Offi'Ia U~ (Ipci)n plJl!' lla 'ftlrnJai mK~Ital cummlb e~ es traiil$'F:erlda a~ malet''i81 fFli;:diii'lcki ,ei ~~S'CI ·de ihibric!i!lOIOi:l. i)f;!lLtro de EHSI.e car.ioter mef~ll1ico SIB' encullma iJJ!l;(i de las vil'ttJl.dBS '4ue Iiliianllenem '121 ef.e¥ada c:llli~cacl6n lor-mal de 100, compclle!il'tes «JiilsUuctiv.oo cualidO [Iii rel~c.IOI1I CQIl ~ na1uale.:ra de'l rna-tertia SfI· penE! elll watDr ill j:llirtU' dsl pt''[]CISO de: ,el~'bOl',aOtOn d'tI PfO:J!l1lc]c.

De~ j!J~ coosid!tac:!onfl 1'11) ~SIll1ll, drfki estableoer bs·ll!mil:aciooe:5 eliil:r.'e Ii f(;:mli!l de los productQ5i la~$ 'gUB

81M'riI: ala mera cooslJ1Jc.ciOO 1a.5 sombras Que t ~Wiben c.arnadas ~ w 'pcrJas, de mas; E!liItiguO'S ~bs; 0 bill1 k)s

tart'@$. della 'Piedra ,que. ~il ,gl i:!:Ini.cief· prli5lIdJico de SIJIS; pil]Z3S C0IDO !.l!~ ae~~cr6n de la5letiras. c.oo heFfiilmieliTta .lipda.s: a b ide~ de cM1ioo~t6n de las IlIiIIlOOS del cantero.

Dif'v:::il s.t. ~s; ba.ce di5'tin£uir E:J1l b pr6cUc tI diarlill il D Que :SOO i:nt\t£( I!!tnB S. dB 2Iqu ilIII~. O'IJos lCOli'lodw ~l1ms de: doode :Sie desp.r<fllJden las oertez~. Exisil1l d~d'e Il'ice . .'~,·.li'Io~, Iii idea de ,c:asa y de sus tumpofl€lntes, oocina.ibaiio. ~iifflSo.,. que SidOP,tiifl solm::iCll'lm distintili en las dlfel"(!f1b1s cllIlfuras.·" de' fas CLUe' 800 eseases sus vestigbs. J!III .a:rCII,!lilBebJrjl~ 11'10 db-stante lJ:ls ejempll)S. , rode. pl,l~den 51er\<;r de,~ ~J!.al m de pKl.greS(l Ol!1turi!ll '!J MoniC{! So.l1 eI;jl . 'flJi;;!) e~rrI

neC:eW!io eii'l fa; C;gdem de la di5r::ipli!'!!!! del f1i"O'il!c·to c:~ Iruf)'l.lUr.a lllOS deJali'0 mill loIfa rlllie:rtaJ,

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The ~oose. de~.ned for a build[ 8 lot ~I '~lE! ~E!' !f1.f Fo!JlOs, 1$ ba5ec5 on a 7~O i'IJ:.. grid, !iiItiJ.iIr to the ptot $I~e or It1ll'

01>. 'oj;ilI:KIS de un" i'fIlIno' rooe-handed ~ooses'l that are 00 lamiliar III 'tile Valeru::ia regioo.

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o 0' In lhesl! houses Ihe .arrangement. of l'bi! dw~lIinl consists or a ~Ingl tw'o SP::HiIS dee!)" 11s penm·e~E!F defined by too stueet.

IMtll a back )lard tontairiimg olfltuild- gs. to slJJlt)Ort the domestic.; l~ncllQn:s Iilat are 2!ssocl!!l!ed wiIil, Ute o.uhl'oors..

The- elemerrt.ar)' !i!rrang~llt or ttJe bIDIdlng, r.epeatt(d c;w.l!lr the years until iI' has becoma ill tradi1ian. en~l!!'res its ada;ptarioo to- the place by tf1~ Pl!!rmniaJ den m fcUoMling 1hI!: lloos that' ire 'set out te mark ils alignmem.

The volilml!! is it8ken es a SOlid wtth line' c.1pac.il;y to house, tlJe dirrl!!rmt rooms. 't.rli1ic~ ~~e uP ttr.e domes-tic reQUirernenls or 3 ffi.wlling. The 5~if'tt organisali:m 01: iI'S Cotr(;lOfl!liIts aOOIllDO a g8n~roo5&y-5:iled Cefllt,al room "Hitlil wndDW~ (Into tl e :street and 1be y,a d uses: 'tITle Wl;!ll-kocH.m Raumpl[!i(1 proc~dlllre, It flmpl'oys a se .. ere. 2.26 m t:r~cJ.'Sp~1) staircase Itralr:uRs ver~C:i!llty ~hrGlJ8h Ihe building, j(linimg Ute gJ(i!.md ~lXIr, Viith 'spaDe '1'lJf' ve&c:les, t~ I'lrs~, ~oor, w1Ucll11olds ItIle kitd'ten .and ifill! rrnin room and tv.o hatf.flefght spaces for a lfibr.ary .arid a work-r'OOOl am;! (he top Iloor. \micl.J (:ofllailil$ Ihe bedrooms andl IxlUic'(JOfFL. This. top lloor has. o;peJilngs; to thill' exterior. onlo .a $I!A~I 'IlOltIfnf: 'Mth i:en:i'thal6.B,~t whif:l"I is pefDE:r.-e.d as a ba'Iool'I~ Of! til@' f3lfOOe al!ld fr.orn Ihe: ""twior as a lfl~ tlt!i!Jt COi1Uihwi-u privacy find light.

What ls I::h~r"rtteristic; aoout ~he dw.e!linlls nO<t tne partition walls Ihiid mat!:e- il: 'l.riabf:e as. a -dome,5tic ~ :bUI WIII2It it rea'lli! denJDn:s1taleS. !he usslulnass 001' a' ptocediP@ Ihal is. 11m yet e:dlaUSled" wrn::11 began as a ra ing caD dlJrin..g l:IJe cOfrs.olidarOom of 'the Modem f~OVem(lI"lL but is sti absotut'@ly modl!m.

In ini:; sense, mthOut dltiing away mth alher Irrt.e!"INeta~ions.. dIe' rn:.s w be f~ ~I!m modem arc:hitec:tu:re al1ld I:M ifld'tllstria! C1p@oB 'that II OOmaOO5 fDr ft5 l1IiIat~riilIi~ ~ro' ~til'i8- This indus"~ opoon 15 not the idea 'that Iat'8 inooiSlrlaI ci~!Si1.iorrt has of indusby. In IJlher 1".'Ofds, 'We dEf!end tlte es;~:e or wOfk.sJlOll manu~~c.ture rather than the in!:I1st:~ LI$E! of pME'nb. We reclJ.'gnis.e Ihe IiJseruIFlI3S.S. al brir\8,IQS ,",I) to da.~ tITle msnl:lfiEtlIring produclioo 'M:r!"lIk1ues (hal revitali${! bu1dirm con stl!.!t:tion 'WbIen Itey m 1!J'iIe ~m:il Ihl"OUgh .me ft@:t@S'Sm) trnn slatioo II1.W lhe ha 1'I~,lag), of Brdrl.ed.vre.

With re,ga!f(.l ~I) the «Jl'Jflpornerds mimUfad.'ui'ing indl!lsil)i.we opt 'OJ' tile medtaJlitai fonn wh!i::rI Ulis ls b'ansieJi'I!'d 't{Jl die m;;!l~tiallhroogh tf!Je- agene:,- of lM manufacbJrilJ!!l, pr\DC.e.SS. W.e encCUl'te" tm til is, mechimii: ollIfaCler DII.@I elf. 1.1:11:: idrtu.es iffia!t main~ains lh8 fJi.g'h fQ!1PiJI Qualttj CI 111~1' cOlil5WCtiOO '!XIllipOi\e!rritS. 'i'dwtJI tile wflue oe ' he ~nSlliP witl1l'lhs l1.atlllre or Ule' mah:lrial is enhancedi tht(lugh 11m process 01' devero,pln.g tbe PfoJecl:.

Be:ilr~n.s lIi~e o)i"I~eratIDfls. in mind. it is BOt dlfflClJli Ito e:slLlbisllJ lhe ~ns 001.~ IIhe 1tJrm o~ the bmimned prodlicl;s Ulat bring lhe 5hi:ildOWS 1Jj~, ~d t-o be coolided 1.0 tile impost's. CJ'fi the anc:ieilt b'actes to the mere OOfJstrocoon and Ine' cuts of stone tlh"l restore' \ILe prismatic. clla:racte.r. of 'their pil!Qeis as an u~r!8. O'f '~ toel~d sloRe\rork ::i5s(lI::iale!i Mtn the idea 001 the COllltlnuillg lJand ol lna s." .... e-G!ltter,

In iJ!lI ~ ~~Clh:;:~, it is diMil:lJlt III distilWlisn ootwooo iwoons and tile iknO'Wledg.@ fmm which certainties sp~. ~ ich2a of the house has ,e:<isted ror a lon.g I.iffl@' OO'W. as have its P3tts (l{i'l'dl;~fti batl1roomt re~t areasl. whidh naw ooopted ciffa',eAt solUlions. in dit~relill c,lf-\tIre s aIld ha I{@ left scant Ittstige$ rm a rdibI!: eture, ~. ;tit ~lIDpSeS tim can still be useful to Ih@, Idea ,of ell \llI'al and ~ progress are U1e g,erwlfl8lj' e~-s.etJtiaj _Ill;; ~ the chain oJ Ut4!' disr:iplime' (If ~e p«Ijett If it were Q_r~en W~ would be left:iliai'Jded,

1."hiL!l1~ ffi!:u:i 'IiItJIj 2..~iIf!!M!' ~a-.rr

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easa con cnnlnas eM Japan Cm rtain wall h~lnISie., hl Japan.

I'lIquitULn/:Architect:

SlQeru 8M

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~lIloillo~a'I~ Imhoo hdV:~ ,. En.~

Cool,] '~mrrlr~: ~~tiGii

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Er!m!~. ~ 3 i*lt1M :::.'tIJn41r.wtQ; .3 ~'Iorie~

1::1 clitfJm d~ !Ssta casa fla dtslFU1ado de;sde ha(:,e '~~rfIPO d-el' eS'.fito (!Ie ~ fibre f deSei!fadado de 10 OOI~ bo~eifll~ 1!;!I1J tl'SI:a ca&i iliite.~

. 4!::?i1lo Iradioional jsPClIlth. Eshll essa

se abre- 10 lli!iI~Si lPosibfe y Coo tod's SI!! ~i'!I.211 e:d>l!:riof para QU:o! @I due no f-Iu8d~ milrnh':li.er em ,actjwd hacia ~ vida ac.~ y con 'BIIJOO de milteriales, actuales.

Am pIios. r:~j;lllIdl)$ enwtiMadilS se: ,aiiaden en los: bdos ii:st'i!: '1 ~ del sa16rn d'@' Ia S8gbmdi -,Ui "i CGll1illUIS Ii:UE![gu en ll!i 'f~ 'mas ,mmot lreco;glend'olos pi:sos scejuiJdo 't tei'CeKI-

las CQJ:ldftiooes ·itl,erior-e5i, tates eemo vI:5b>s. iluminaeiijjm ~ ~'[() se co,urolalil ,abrteiido '1 cenrand'.o estes p;aredes...cor~n" al flslilo jlrplJlii~S.

Ern Ilrrviefoo, las ptIertas ·e~iOfl@!S ;ocW::.tmooas y 1a.S; oo~ ~e.1i1 cerrarse ,conwletam~rrtre: para (.(iil!ie,uir til comp.lel.o al~'@. E:sliil linm membrw hace. Sil ~peI de las P~llt~li5. ~shoii"! ~1fe:rt8S "f!JS!lJilil~" OE!!'1',amilelifkls '!J p2ln~~lIas; ':5tJd1lJie' en lal tradicio.na'J cssa japonesa.

The cli~rrJl of '~lis. hollse has. ron..g

!!f1,j Oyed an (l pef1I a1'l d 'tria e "(j CiWfol r a 'NilCWflit8· Jestyle in trtl$ fo;rint!ff)I JBiIJ~ne~e-$'~ ho~s.e. The house in i!1te1ldl!d to be o.p~ned vP a$ ITPLH:h as iPil-5silJle to the e$riw so 1hiI!t '!be

{I IN!$" c a 11 m.'l iflla i n til i:s II; i nd of ~ttitJ.idQ· ill contem,por~ IliPe \\itll the use of c~ra.1J iIIlDtwial5.

W.de deok spatA?S are aU-acnedl ora tI'Ie ea!it and 'Sooth :s.id'I!i!':S· of tM! ~nd· floor liltmg rooi'i"l and 1'eIlt, e cur~airrs ;;Ire ll'-1i"1il: {In Ihlil outer i';;!I;iii!dt S9arwing b@twe€!n 'fie secOl\d alid U1ird 1kI01':J;, InteriOr (.omdictioo'S such a ¥Dew. I igtL", and wlnd aril!' QOO~ br !)felling and cti)sq !his Ja~J:1I';!:!ifl'o:5~

~oorti!JJi] ~"".

I'ti lillint~r. the e:d,el'l!liIl gla 'ed door:s

snd '!he 'CU!~:s can be C{Jm~ cloS>ed lor insulating etfet:l 1ftws Ihin mmmrane tallies Ihe pI:OCil! 01' shoji

Ell: ree n s, fv:su i'i'I;;'!1 d'oo rs, is h utters, a f'Id 5tldaJ~ screens in Ihe IJfjdr~iOO3I JaPME!S8 hoose.

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Oi~bIjali1do una :S, ~ $.o.ti;;e una ~Iarrta cuadrad!o de Him de l~d'O'i 110 l1!Jbo~

de P8 '2." melros de altura..

,2-001ililm de. r!imetro'~ 5r1!1m de ~SCii1ld'ef1i'!en I'tJs ,!(!mas. de sstar delimitaoolJ ilm,ior y ex.lerior OOiVlO resuttado, c&e con''lPOI!!!J plamo:~ !!:~nJi:);$ '11 rec.1:o$.; Est! rUB !!III primer Pro)'ec tJi en 41tH se .ffIlOOril:O eJ illS(; de' lUOOS de ~el c.~ eS'tructural en un ~i1iciD l]ierml?ini!n~- Dilfl de 10$ tllbc:!; 80pDltan !a ~ y,e~ y bs 80 mteMr't$, C:~Il~lftI b$ fuSll'la.s moriront,aJe3. Las - I!1bi!! de madera de rlJm1lil ILriforme en IalS ~, de lias

c. oIi.ii'm1 a s e sl!1!I .andad~ s: ,31 1(108,

cinniBnros, a 1'00. ,. ~gc5 'h.!bos :!i.e r,j~!i'!'

medramle' ttmlillo:s, p.ar.a aue a~'b.l!IJn como e1elni!nk1 elil lJ.Clladim deft :suekI. EJ .gran ctN;:w'k!, ~ead'o IPQf 11)$ 50 'fubos de made,. c.orm,guriJ lQlIli:llill!l ,de' ~.~ 'intl!.1i:o.r coo Wil ter.ra~ a su mlredOOor. UM '!XIlumi'a a'lsJada d'e tub!)$. de 1P~,pell 'i d't 1.2~m. de di~mllh 1~11 ~ilI ,El,(lreri~ cootie!1e.1iI

cabi Ali de aseilll., Un ofrtwlo 1m9Dl(l!l ,eff!tiel'r.2J !In ibaiiii) 'f urn patio.. los tubes d i!I p.IIpltl ,eifl:eri or.e 5: Q II! e ~ ea 11! ,iii! I pa~o se a~rtaii11 del Oll~

,estruclur _ y silVern ornmo parrtaDa. La ,l'OR!lI de e-S'~E!r ern e:1 e ircwlo I!fiilnde re.presen1:a ;d e~~io I)Jniversal 'COIilI IiIirrgl)n 00'0 roobile lo ~ 00 aisJ~ do banco de coelna, las p-ueiftas ,oo~.ed'tlI'n, y I'o:s. ilIf1lilil:mOO m6viles. Cumndo m baadas: 1)eri'rie1r,ales se ,!br.en ~letE!llilefit~e; ,el Ulc~o nor.izOl'lftJ~ ~DrtadlJ POI' Ia crllumnllta ~hl' M)()s de ~ es 'l,i'isualmenrt,e ~o )" apei~ IIa .c'oolinuidad 'e~~oial i!llITlre ;et IspaciO' de Ie B;ill'etfa 'lias terr~as e~iores"

Ca&a de papel] en Jan61i1J

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Paper house iOn Japanl

Unad up in ,2I~ S_I:: oonfigulfwn 00 a ~e "10(!f area] 0. meter' 'bO a sise, '110 dlP-ap!!' 'hJlbas'"' ~2J7 meT l1igb. 280 mm -II diame~er ami! 'I. S IfIDiI U1ick~ defii1e the liWlg ar~(!a:s llaid eut rm$ide' and OtItsidB of illTe resuffirTg compDsiOOn ~f ~U!Mi:d and itralgii

ptI n e S'. This iJ«I j e ct w.a 31 the fir 8 t in wl1ieJI p1I;Per rubes Wef..e il4t,griz.ed to be u.'bIii!:edl (!i.'5 i ~i!1 mi!!!~eFiilI in a pel'l"IliJfLieOt building, Ten or lhe p;!Ipcr hJbe!: :su.pport ltfJe \I~~ ~oad and me eighty ili~enor piJJ)er tube s !be;!ili" '!.he! la~er'aJ far,cas. ThI1l' Crw:if'Ofli1!l1 w.JXJderl Jainbl in the cokInlIfJ baSes ere cmd1.oIred tc ,the rOll!ndalion" on wI1lc~ Ul& ~.aPii!' ~bss are ilbledi by!'w£ ~ws to act ,as: cantJle\rers from 'the fiOlili. _

lEI ng.e. dtde $II.It I'OVi'Ided b)I 1f18 sf gihty ~Pfli" 'hab.es loi'ms 18Jil illerior NiIiiS:

Mea \mh ;II 8"Uery atOu!\d il- A 'fIe!st3i'1dit1! Ptlp!eflub@' c::dlumfl willi !fI1 diametifl'f of ]'23 ~J::ntir.ne:ters., llii lliie £3l1ery t:oo'lains, a . t boolb. A sma!lei' el rc Ie II!: 00'10 ~E!l s, q:. a 00Hl re IJ Iii an dl iiIl SRlslll c01.l1:)'ard. TlI:e e>iJ:eriof ilap~", ltv ... S; $U11I'1).lI'Iding 'llhe co~rtya d stand i!lp.arl {WOlin thl! sl:nlclLlrai b~ and ~erw :i){l, ;iI[ :5Cre1:0. 'lIhe IMriE: area In Ul~ ~ge c" . ~$ ,i"I!!Pf@'sooted as a Itlliva'sa I space 'm no fUl'JUShl r:tgS, 0'IJher Ui~ 3n isotalOO ~:ili COIJOOY,

sf d'ool'S. and movabh,:' closets..

W'hen the peilimi;l:er ~es. are entirely opeii'lel1 U1 'l\tt;1iiZCirli!'1 1'00 suppOrtl!di by thE! cdanoode of peper' rubes. liS 'h'15Uidy ~s~d and :sp tiaJ C(J!'I~rnrilY is- CI'@..1tM ~~JiI 1m e 'Stlr/oondimg gallery :Sp.at:e and 'the outdlXlf 'Ie.~ce$.,

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La .arqtItedlllra ~~ riel hop' 'tliei!le il'!ucho en comDn 00Jl Gt Mo!Mliliento M~Mi!), Se~. mrmas; 1P1Il,1!s.,. s.irtteranente ~sa,*,. ~ MUdades 4!.ie iSe' e~IT.!U11 '~1iIto en lis easas JDhIllSOlll ~ f.llmsw9rtt'! eeme elI~' Irid1cioliia'1 ("~ ja;polile~ .. En d dlseffl.ei, ,cIlI' sstas. cases €1lI .CIlI" Foster est} uni~rJdo d()S '~dic!one$! eI amor ~ II!! atrnolilla 'iI el rBS,PBto pOI

I'~ _i"~ japIooe:ses con Ia

'GOOe~1l occidet1!al pO!:' liii aJ'(Ilitell:lJ)lra d'e~~ertlJI~ del aC!IlFO ~~rredjmente, pulidO ~' ia cajiii de. ai~l E't,a (Ie~ de1 $flll!! qI!l!ll 12i (:~~~ temase ra imspi'aci6n deJ tradicDril d'i!5efkJ jii.POi:!e~,

La c;;!!~ Pli~ ~ $til cooligua easa 00 i!mtiI:ad'O;S, S~ 5itJi!alil 's;o.bfE! !.!Ill d'J~tioo trai¥!O de (osla Vl':iktink;a con lafll~ ,e Ir.3,iCC.lsibles d~[Is de Iwa ililtJ>t;IdlJct~s;e en e~ !i'I'Il!!r~ l~ eisa, pri~~~ ~Ola $Obrn!' Will pise eli~\i,?I!:I'o del 8UekJ "I SEl' I1a Or:e~!'iil!i!OO -de ,~JC! Qte ~ ~all ,d~' entnid~ '!i ~ s;a~ liI'i~i~~ d'isfu1;r~~a 00 vi~tas, ~rini'8~ 5Obre' e~ Iiii~r,

!La e:5~lura de am'bas (~S es ra nsma een p6rticns. rlIgWllfeS lileeOO de eslructJIJr;iI~, de acE!rO etI vda;;hoEn cada (r~ enbre I:!ISi iC.dtmmnas. ~rt.as. acmtalada'S de5liZ(lJ1b:~5 de. do'ble ,a1IlJra de~ams:.al'l so~ eI sU£lkI, ~ $I;i 'Iie:l p_rOI£igi!OO de 121 kJ.z d'el SOlliJOf klfJ1i1u fija$, iiiI'! el in,terio:r, eI espaoio iMJede SE!r' f;!!.ef:l'te IllilOdtlic~oo me:dlante: 1P1:Irrtrnl118 dE:5imnres y Ia rlI.,z (eJli~a] qLJe: 'fie mbtlW:Ce' ji)i;lf el te]ado de ~il iXIed'e, COfi~f!SE!' li1I1aWonOO b~ Itl~"a}.li"I~l!:s da'I tecOO.. ~ coolraoo' ,que ,ei1 ~ cas.a.s ~ }dm$01iI '1IF.ams!'!{(!rW. ItI$ ~t:ifls y al'm~, 00 ~ en est£!! easa er:J JIa zooa ~~~ ,~d'e~!\do' el e$,p·!!I~ de: f!~ar ~ll"ibiffidG a~r un u~!Jo mils l1~bI@ de esl:e'.

Japanese domestic arclIitei::wre' nas I'J'1\JC.b in c 0 ri'!f!'IO!'i ~ t ill '~ile' Mod I!! m ~ernetit.. ~, p!Jife l'ornns.. 'truthful~ expres~, ue (j~ies t() be foMlt lin ~t1e J~nS(1I1 aMI F'ai'fll.Wi!li.I'lh h(ll,d~. ,~S W~!l3S in '~ ~e vemacul~r:. In design.iii<g l~ 1tJ0000$'Ii!!~ iiQ j~ Foster ,i$ Ulliling hoo tradItions. ttile J\!ilJlilmese l'oYe 01 OOJIPDIVt ,iD1i ~'E!~ fer Da'!.llft m1~ the 'IIE!~M (!b$t~icn m 'itll1: di!:rnablrieftsed iilrchitecture !Jf 1liie pristlle steel aAd ~Ia$$, 000- ~ \'ro~ ~ (: ~ i'1 ~ WI sh [I;jat 1fl1ll' h eu se :snool d Iii! Ire ii:£ il'lSlirab 1Il'00' ilraditklM J3Fl0i'ie Sf design.

11l@ main heese ~nd its ad'joilill!3, lSi~l: hous.e IS sited on ,I!! drama-I)(; :slretch cf ~ani!:; CCi!tMflll€ iriif11'oog, iMCce:s51b'1e filgaSo of laW!! ivHing 0U1' iriOO 'I;h~ sea- T!iI(!! IiR;llrl hous.e iIl'ool'S 00 a ~aiseod dMk. abov:e ,groood aildl has beefil tPC~ ~ 1Jlat u~ ,emtaOCII;!! kibby .1fId rna il:l IMIlI.E room ooiO'1 O1interrupted views 'ou~ to, ~,

The str.utll,!r~ cd bo'Ih nOi.J~~ i~'~ ~me 'WiIh rl:pr bays made up of &lllilulever.ed :5I.eel trsmes, h:; each bay, betweefi! 'the (~ni, s.lidillli. doublell@ig11t PI·~ doors !eadl ooto 1fle ~~s wIliel1 iNl! the~s lpr~;ected fl'Ol'UL s~ I» f~d b1JMI8S, Ilntel1l811y, ~, Slllllce CEm be :Siliiili1!r~

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and ~hB tqudly {II t{JIJ' Hgfilling

im rhe ilass roof can be d1~rtged

by m.latin_g 'tma msulateG

!l:!!;!iling. kwwes. UM'l1t..e 11'11:: Joon500 and' IEMiswortfi hOO~es, @Ie s:eiW::ts and stilJrage in IhlSi h:iusi3 ~~' i!3rf,21I1ge'd aroond '~e exleri:lf; ellomne; mole fle):ible use (If I:tie oemtral 'Ihiil'l.e spaea.

C'asa paricular en Jap6n Pllivat,e' Heuse ~n ,Japalii)

J!lqLiiit~d{l/Art:1ll it,ect:

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'~i!I!l'o,')' oi'Ii:CU~ ~a~ EifJI£! (OIlliWl~ ~ Mi:i ftratlt1.l1 'J\II}I!i!"

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