- For University Use Only Commercial Use Prohibited

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Introduction to Pro/ENGINEER
Release 2000i2 T072-310-02

For University Use Only - Commercial Use Prohibited

For University Use Only - Commercial Use Prohibited

Copyright
Introduction to Pro/ENGINEER
COPYRIGHT © 1989-2000 PARAMETRIC TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. This Introduction to Pro/ENGINEER Training Guide may not be copied, reproduced, disclosed, transferred, or reduced to any form, including electronic medium or machine-readable form, or transmitted or publicly performed by any means, electronic or otherwise, unless Parametric Technology Corporation (PTC) consents in writing in advance. Use of the software has been provided under a Software License Agreement. Information described in this manual is furnished for information only, is subject to change without notice, and should not be construed as a commitment by PTC. PTC assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies that may appear in this manual. The software contains valuable trade secrets and proprietary information and is protected by United States copyright laws and copyright laws of other countries. Unauthorized use of the software or its documentation can result in civil damages and criminal prosecution. Pro/ENGINEER and Pro/MECHANICA are registered trademarks, and all product names in the PTC product family and the PTC logo are trademarks of Parametric Technology Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other companies and products referenced herein have trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. US GOVERNMENT RESTRICTED RIGHTS LEGEND This Software and Documentation are provided with RESTRICTED RIGHTS. Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is subject to restrictions as set forth in subparagraph (c)(1)(ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software-Restricted Rights at 48 CFR 52.227-19, as applicable. Parametric Technology Corporation, 128 Technology Drive, Waltham, MA 02453 © 2000 Parametric Technology Corporation. Unpublished – all rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. PRINTING HISTORY Document No. Date T072-310-01 T072-310-02 07/10/00 09/08/00

Description Initial Printing of Introduction to Pro/ENGINEER for Release 2000i2 Revisions to Introduction to Pro/ENGINEER for Release 2000i2

Order Number DT-072-310-EN Printed in U.S.A

For University Use Only - Commercial Use Prohibited

Training Agenda
Introduction to Pro/ENGINEER
Day 1
Introduction to Pro/ENGINEER The Pro/ENGINEER Interface Pick-and-Place Features The Sketcher Mode Sketched Features

Day 2
Datum Planes Parent/Child Relationships Simple Sweeps and Blends Relations

Day 3
Patterns and Copy Drawing Creation and Views Additional Detailing and Associativity Creating Assemblies

Day 4
Layers and Suppression Additional Datum Features Additional Advanced Features The Resolve Environment

Day 5
Information Tools Configuring Pro/ENGINEER Modeling Philosophy

For University Use Only - Commercial Use Prohibited

PTC Telephone and Fax Numbers
The following is a list of telephone and fax numbers you may find useful:

Education Services Registration in North America
Tel: Fax: (888)-782-3773 (781) 398-5553

Technical Support (Monday - Friday)
Tel: (800) 477-6435 (U.S.) (781) 894-5332 or (781) 894-5523 (outside U.S.) Fax: (781) 398-5650

License Management
Tel: (800) 216-8945 (U.S.) (781) 398-5559 (outside U.S.) Fax: (781) 398-5795

Contracts
Tel: (800) 791-9966 (U.S.) (781) 398-5700 (outside U.S.)

In addition, you can find the PTC home page on the World Wide Web at: http://www.ptc.com. The Web site contains the latest training schedules, course descriptions, registration information, directions to training facilities, as well as information on PTC, the Pro/ENGINEER product line, Consulting Services, Customer Support, and Pro/PARTNERS

For University Use Only - Commercial Use Prohibited

Acknowledgments
The Pro/ENGINEER curriculum is a joint development effort between the courseware development teams at PTC and RAND Worldwide. Both companies strive to develop industry leading training material and in turn deliver it to you the customer.

PTC 128 Technology Drive Waltham, MA 02453 USA 1-781-398-5000 http://www.ptc.com

RAND Worldwide 5285 Solar Drive Mississauga, ON Canada L4W 5B8 1-877-726-3243 http://www.rand.com

For University Use Only - Commercial Use Prohibited

Table of Contents
Introduction to Pro/ENGINEER
INTRODUCTION TO PRO/ENGINEER 1-1
Pro/ENGINEER: A SOLID MODELER............................................................................1-2
Feature-Based .................................................................................................................... 1-3 Parametric .......................................................................................................................... 1-4 Associative......................................................................................................................... 1-5

THE PRO/ENGINEER INTERFACE

2-1

SCREEN LAYOUT............................................................................................................2-2
Main Window .................................................................................................................... 2-2 Pull-Down Menus .............................................................................................................. 2-2 Toolbar............................................................................................................................... 2-3 Display Area ...................................................................................................................... 2-3 Message Area..................................................................................................................... 2-4

WORKING WITH MODELS ............................................................................................2-4
Using Dialog Boxes ........................................................................................................... 2-5 Retrieving Models.............................................................................................................. 2-6 Retrieving Multiple Models ............................................................................................... 2-8 Saving Changes.................................................................................................................. 2-9 Closing Windows............................................................................................................... 2-9 Deleting Files ..................................................................................................................... 2-9

LABORATORY PRACTICAL ........................................................................................2-11
EXERCISE 1: Using Pro/ENGINEER ............................................................................ 2-11 EXERCISE 2: Manipulating Model Size and Orientation ............................................... 2-14 EXERCISE 3: Interrogating the Model Tree ................................................................... 2-17 EXERCISE 4: Challenge Exercise................................................................................... 2-20

MODULE SUMMARY....................................................................................................2-24

PICK-AND-PLACE FEATURES

3-1

PICK AND PLACE FEATURES.......................................................................................3-2
Creating the Straight Hole Feature..................................................................................... 3-2 Creating the Simple Round ................................................................................................ 3-5 Specifying Radius Values for a Simple Round .................................................................. 3-7

For University Use Only - Commercial Use Prohibited

Creating an Edge Chamfer .................................................................................................3-7

LABORATORY PRACTICAL ......................................................................................... 3-9
EXERCISE 1: Creating an Edge Chamfer .........................................................................3-9 EXERCISE 2: Creating a Simple Edge Chain Round Feature .........................................3-14 EXERCISE 3: Exploring the Straight Hole Feature.........................................................3-20 Exercise 4: Challenge Exercise ........................................................................................3-29

MODULE SUMMARY ................................................................................................... 3-32

SKETCHER BASICS

4-1

THE SKETCHER ENVIRONMENT ................................................................................ 4-2
The Sketcher Interface........................................................................................................4-2 Intent Manager ...................................................................................................................4-3 Pop-Up Menus....................................................................................................................4-4

SKETCHER MODE FUNCTIONALITY ......................................................................... 4-5
Sketcher Menus ..................................................................................................................4-5 Specifying References ........................................................................................................4-6 Creating Geometry .............................................................................................................4-6 Dimensioning .....................................................................................................................4-8 Constraining .....................................................................................................................4-10 Additional Sketcher Tools................................................................................................4-11 SETTING SKETCHER PREFERENCES........................................................................4-14

SKETCHER PHILOSOPHY ........................................................................................... 4-17
Rules of Thumb ................................................................................................................4-17

LABORATORY PRACTICAL ....................................................................................... 4-19
EXERCISE 1: Sketching Basics.......................................................................................4-19 EXERCISE 2: Sketching in Steps ....................................................................................4-25 EXERCISE 3: Sketching a Hexagon................................................................................4-30

MODULE SUMMARY ................................................................................................... 4-33

SKETCHED FEATURES

5-1

TWO SKETCHED FEATURES........................................................................................ 5-2
Specifying Extruded and Revolved Forms .........................................................................5-2

SKETCHING AND REFERENCE PLANES.................................................................... 5-3
The Sketching Plane’s Default Orientation ........................................................................5-4

SKETCHER BASICS ........................................................................................................ 5-5 LABORATORY PRACTICAL ......................................................................................... 5-9
EXERCISE 1: Creating a Cut.............................................................................................5-9 EXERCISE 2: Creating a Protrusion................................................................................5-20

MODULE SUMMARY ................................................................................................... 5-24

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................8-2 Defining a Sweep ................................... 7-6 LABORATORY PRACTICAL ........... 7-3 ORDER OF FEATURE REGENERATION .......................7-9 EXERCISE 1: Changing Design Intent .......................................................................... 8-2 BLEND FEATURES......................................6-16 PARENT/CHILD RELATIONSHIPS 7-1 PARENT/CHILD RELATIONSHIPS..........................................................................................................................................8-16 RELATIONS 9-1 Types of Relations ...................................7-19 SWEEPS AND BLENDS 8-1 SWEPT FEATURES ...................................................................................... 7-10 MODULE SUMMARY.... 6-13 MODULE SUMMARY...... 6-3 CREATING ADDITIONAL DATUM PLANES.................. 7-2 Parent/Child Relationships with a Sketched Feature ..................................................8-3 Creating Parallel Blends....................................................................................................................................................6-3 Defining a Datum Plane.................................................................................... 8-3 LABORATORY PRACTICAL ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6-5 EXERCISE 2: Using Default Datums as References to Other Features ........................................................................................................................Commercial Use Prohibited DATUM PLANES 6-1 USING BASE FEATURES AND DATUM PLANES .. 6-3 Internal Datums....................................... 8-12 MODULE SUMMARY..............................................................................................7-5 Using Feature Insert Mode.............. 9-3 DEFINING PARAMETRIC RELATIONS.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8-6 EXERCISE 2: Creating a Simple Sweep Protrusion................................ 6-4 LABORATORY PRACTICAL ...........8-6 EXERCISE 1: Creating Parallel Blend Features........................................................ 8-2 Sweep Sections and Trajectories...............................................................................................6-2 The Base Feature and Its Importance................................................................................................................................................................................ 6-9 EXERCISE 3: Creating an Additional Datum Plane .................For University Use Only ......................................7-2 Parent/Child Relationships with Pick-and-Place Features .............. 6-2 What is a Datum Plane? ........................................................................................................6-5 EXERCISE 1: Creating a Base Feature ..............................................................................................9-2 ..................................................................................... 7-2 Changing the Parents of a Feature ............ 6-2 Using Default Datums as the Base Feature.....................

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................10-27 MODULE SUMMARY ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................9-4 Relations: An Illustration .............................................................................................9-8 LABORATORY PRACTICAL ..................11-7 MODULE SUMMARY ........................................ 9-9 EXERCISE 1: Creating Relations .............................................................................11-4 Manipulating Views ........................................................................ 11-14 ADDITIONAL DETAILING AND ASSOCIATIVITY 12-1 CAPTURING DESIGN INTENT ....................................... 10-8 Specifying Location................10-8 Choosing Features ................................................................ 12-2 ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 11-2 Creating a Drawing....................................................................10-13 EXERCISE 3: Creating Rotational Patterns of Sketched Features.......10-8 Establishing Dependence......................................................................................................................................................................... 9-16 DUPLICATING FEATURES: PATTERNS AND COPY 10-1 CREATING A PATTERN........................................9-13 MODULE SUMMARY ................................................9-9 EXERCISE 2: Creating Parameters for Feature-Control.................Commercial Use Prohibited Representing Relations: Types and Symbols ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................10-10 EXERCISE 2: Creating a Reference Pattern .............9-5 Order of Relations ...........................................................................................................11-2 Adding Drawing Views..................................................................................................9-6 Design Changes........................................................................10-17 EXERCISE 4: Copying Features.................10-2 Pattern Options ................................................................................................................................................11-2 Adding a Cross Section .........10-3 THE COPY FEATURE ..............10-2 Types of Patterns ......... 10-2 Benefits of Patterning ......................................................................11-5 LABORATORY PRACTICAL ................... 10-10 EXERCISE 1: Creating a Dimension Pattern.................................................9-4 Using Relations .................................................................. 11-7 EXERCISE 1: Creating a Drawing ...................11-2 Types of Views.....................................................................................10-8 LABORATORY PRACTICAL ........................................................... 10-31 DRAWINGS AND VIEWS 11-1 DRAWING FUNDAMENTALS.....................................................................................................................................................................................For University Use Only ........................................................

..................................... 14-2 Working Rules ............................................. 14-8 Saving and Resuming Suppressed Features ....................................14-2 Functionality ................................................................................For University Use Only ................................................ 12-3 LABORATORY PRACTICAL ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 13-3 Constraint Options ............................12-5 EXERCISE 1: Detailing the Gear Part Drawing....................................................................................................................................................................................................................14-7 Using Suppression........... 14-3 Setting the Display Status of a Layer ................................................................................................................................ 13-11 MODULE SUMMARY............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 13-8 OTHER ASSEMBLY OPTIONS ................................... 14-20 ......................................... 12-5 MODULE SUMMARY............................................................................................................................................................ 14-13 EXERCISE 3: Suppressing in Part Mode ....................................................................................Commercial Use Prohibited Detailing the Drawing....................................................................................................... 13-7 ASSEMBLY MODIFICATION.......................................................................................................................... 13-3 Packaging or Under-Constrained Components .................................... 12-2 Manipulating Dimensions ... 14-8 Suppressing Parent/Child Relationships ...................................13-11 EXERCISE 1: Creating and Modifying an Assembly ........................................12-10 CREATING ASSEMBLIES 13-1 ASSEMBLY CREATION ........................................................................................................................ 14-4 Manipulating Layer Display Status.13-8 Changing Design Intent of the Assembly .............................. 14-9 EXERCISE 2: Using Layers in Assembly Mode................. 14-2 CREATING LAYERS............................................................................................................................................................................................14-2 Selecting the Object ..................................................................13-22 LAYERS AND SUPPRESSION 14-1 DEFINING LAYERS ................................................................................... 12-2 Two Types of Dimensions ....................................................................................13-9 Extracting a Bill of Materials................ 14-8 LABORATORY PRACTICAL .........................................................................................13-2 The Surface Normal Vector .............................................................14-9 EXERCISE 1: Using Layers in Part Mode ...................................................... 14-2 Creating Layers.............................................................................................................................. 13-9 LABORATORY PRACTICAL ........................ 14-3 Associating Items to a Layer................................................................................................... 13-9 Creating Exploded Views ........................................... 12-2 Drawing and Solid Model: Need for Consistency....................................................................... 14-6 SUPPRESSION FUNCTIONALITY .......................................

.......................................................................................................................................................................................... 17-6 EXERCISE 1: Resolving a Failure............................................................................................................................18-2 ..............................18-2 Obtaining Regeneration Information...........................................................16-13 MODULE SUMMARY ................................. 17-2 Entering the Resolve Environment........... 16-2 Creating a Draft Feature .......................................................................................................... 15-5 EXERCISE 1: Creating Additional Datum Features........................................15-4 LABORATORY PRACTICAL ........................................................................................................................................................ 17-10 INFORMATION TOOLS 18-1 MODEL DESIGN INFORMATION ..........For University Use Only ..........17-2 Using the Resolve Environment Tools...........................................................................................................................................................................................16-4 Creating Standard Holes Based on Units...17-2 LABORATORY PRACTICAL ..................................................................................................................15-3 Datum Points ...................................16-12 EXERCISE 3: Creating a Sketched Hole .......................16-8 EXERCISE 2: Creating a Rib............................................................17-6 MODULE SUMMARY ...........................................................................................18-2 Accessing Information about Part Features...................................................15-3 Datum Coordinate Systems ...........................................................................16-6 LABORATORY PRACTICAL .................................................................................................................................................16-2 OTHER FEATURES ..................................... 16-15 THE RESOLVE ENVIRONMENT 17-1 TYPES OF FAILURES ............................................................................................................................................15-2 Datum Curves............................................................................................................. 15-8 ADDITIONAL ADVANCED FEATURES 16-1 SURFACE DEFORMATION....................................................... 16-8 EXERCISE 1: Creating a Neutral Plane Draft Feature .................... 18-2 Obtaining Information about a Specific Feature....................................................................................................................................15-5 MODULE SUMMARY ............................................................................... 16-4 Creating a Rib...........................................................................................................................................16-5 Creating Counterbores and Countersunk Holes............................. 14-25 ADDITIONAL DATUM FEATURES 15-1 ADDITIONAL DATUM FEATURES ............................................................. 15-2 Datum Axes.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Commercial Use Prohibited EXERCISE 4: Suppressing Components in Assembly Mode ......................14-22 MODULE SUMMARY ......................................................

....... 20-3 Changing Design Intent .......... 18-4 LABORATORY PRACTICAL ....18-3 Calculating Mass Properties....................A-3 SECTION 1: Creating the Motor Part..............................................................................................................A-18 .....................................................................................................................................20-5 PROJECT LABORATORY A-1 INTRODUCTION ...........19-7 LABORATORY PRACTICAL .... 19-15 EXERCISE 3: Configuring the Model Tree .............................................................................................................................................................For University Use Only ..................... 19-6 THE MODEL TREE ..........................................................................................19-10 EXERCISE 1: Setting Up a Configuration File ............ 18-3 Calculating Clearance and Interference .............................................................................................................................. 20-2 Advantages of Pro/ENGINEER’s Associativity........................................................................................................................................................................................... 19-10 Exercise 2: Creating a Mapkey ............................................19-2 Configuration Files ..................................................................................................................................... 19-4 CONFIGURING THE TOOLBAR ............................................................. INTERFERENCE..........................................................................................................19-5 Adding Icons to Existing Toolbars ................................................................................................... AND MASS PROPERTIES...................18-8 CONFIGURING PRO/ENGINEER 19-1 CUSTOMIZING PRO/ENGINEER ........................................................................................................................................................................................... A-9 SECTION 4: Creating the Upper Housing Part ....................................................................................................................................................................................A-2 PART CREATION ............................... 19-5 Pull-down Menus and Mapkeys............................................................. A-5 SECTION 3: Creating the Snap Ring Part ................................................................................... 19-18 MODULE SUMMARY....................................... 19-2 Creating Mapkeys ...................................................................................................................................... 18-5 MODULE SUMMARY............. A-11 CREATING ASSEMBLIES AND DEVELOPING PART MODELS ..................................... 20-2 Creating Parent/Child Relationships ......... 20-4 MODULE SUMMARY................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... A-3 SECTION 2: Creating the Lower Housing Part..18-5 EXERCISE 1: Using Information Tools........... 20-2 Using Pro/ENGINEER as a Parametric Tool.......................................................................Commercial Use Prohibited Obtaining Information about the Assembly ...............19-21 MODELING PHILOSOPHY 20-1 THE DESIGN INTENT............................................................................................ 18-2 MEASUREMENT..........................................................................................20-2 Recording Your Design Criteria ............................

... C-4 REGISTERING FOR ON-LINE SUPPORT ....................................................................................................................................................Commercial Use Prohibited SECTION 1: Creating the Motor Assembly..........................................................................................................................A-42 SECTION 2: Finishing the Lower Housing ......................... A-42 SECTION 1: Developing the Motor Part ................................. B-4 PTC GLOBAL SERVICES: TECHNICAL SUPPORT C-1 FINDING THE TECHNICAL SUPPORT PAGE .................................................................................................................................................................................A-18 SECTION 2: Concurrent Design of the Motor Housing ..............................................................................................................................A-44 SECTION 3: Finishing the Drawing ........................................................................................................................................... C-3 Sending Data to Technical Support .................................................................................................. C-8 CONTACT INFORMATION .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... C-6 FINDING SOLUTIONS IN THE KNOWLEDGE BASE.......................... C-2 OPENING A TECHNICAL SUPPORT CALL.............. C-8 Telephone ...................................A-23 SECTION 4: Creating the Motor Part Drawing .............................................A-46 USING PTC........ A-29 SECTION 1: Designing the Cover Part.................................................... C-9 ELECTRONIC SERVICES ................ C-5 ONLINE SERVICES ...................................... C-2 Opening a call via email ............................................................................................................ C-8 Internet ............................................................................. AND DRAWINGS ....................................... C-2 Opening a Call via Telephone ........................HELP B-1 PTC HELP OVERVIEW .............................................. B-3 PTC HELP MODULE LIST ..............................................................For University Use Only ................ B-2 PTC Help Features ........................................................................A-35 SECTION 4: Finishing the Motor Assembly . C-3 Opening Calls on the PTC Web Site .........................A-30 SECTION 2: Completing the Motor Part ........................................................ B-2 To Get Help on Tasks in a Dialog Box...................................................A-26 MODEL INTERROGATION ................................................................................... B-2 USING THE PRO/ENGINEER HELP SYSTEM ... C-13 ................................................................................................................................................... C-3 CALL / SPR FLOW CHART AND PRIORITIES...........A-22 SECTION 3: Creating the Blower Assembly........A-39 .A-33 SECTION: 3: Completing the Blower Assembly.......................................................................................................... A-41 FINISHING PARTS..................... C-6 GETTING UP-TO-DATE INFORMATION. ASSEMBLIES................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ B-2 GETTING HELP THROUGH THE PTC HELP SIDEBAR ............................................................................................

its being feature-based. OBJECTIVES After completing this module. associative.Commercial Use Prohibited Module Introduction to Pro/ENGINEER Pro/ENGINEER is a powerful application. you will learn the concepts that drive this philosophy and the powerful functionality that it generates. It is ideal for capturing the design intent of your models because at its foundation is a practical philosophy.For University Use Only . you will be able to: • • Explain Pro/ENGINEER’s uses as a solid modeler Define the three pillars of Pro/ENGINEER’s practical philosophy. and parametric Page 1-1 . In this lesson.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Pro/ENGINEER: A SOLID MODELER Pro/ENGINEER is a solid modeler—it develops models as solids. As a solid modeling tool. You can calculate mass properties directly from the geometry you create. While you can manipulate a solid model’s display on the screen. associative. as shown in Figure 1. and parametric. Figure 1: Model Display Pag e 1 . • • • • The solid models have volumes and surface areas.For University Use Only . Pro/ENGINEER is feature-based.2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . the model itself remains a solid. allowing you to work in a three-dimensional environment. In Pro/ENGINEER.

All Cuts and Holes Added Chamfer Added Rounds Added Figure 2: Building Models Feature by Feature I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R Pag e 1 . adding individual features one at a time. as you construct your model feature by feature you choose your building blocks as well as the order you create them in. thus capturing your design intent.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Feature-Based Pro/ENGINEER is feature-based. behind every feature creation.For University Use Only . • • Base Feature Protrusion Added Blind Cut Added Thru. Things to remember: • • Pro/ENGINEER allows building a model incrementally. A feature is the smallest building block in a part model. Geometry is composed of a series of easy to understand features.3 . Design intent is the motive. This means. Simple features make your individual parts as well as the overall model flexible and reliable. the all-driving force.

is developed between features when one feature references another. Modifications of a single feature propagate changes in other features as well.e.For University Use Only . 5 10 Figure 3: Protrusion and Hole Follow Side of Block Pag e 1 . This means: • • • • Geometry can be easily changed by modifying dimensions Features are interrelated. it is driven by parameters or variable dimensions. thus preserving design intent. A relationship.4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . known as a parent/child relationship.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Parametric Pro/ENGINEER is parametric i.

For University Use Only .5 . Pro/ENGINEER makes all these entities fully associative. and other objects. Figure 4 shows associativity between a part and an assembly. assemblies. drawings. For example if you change dimensions on a drawing the change will be reflected in the associated part. That means if you make changes at a certain level those changes propagate to all the levels.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Associative Pro/ENGINEER models are often combinations of various parts. 5 Original shaft before length modification Shaft associated to assembly 10 Modification of shaft length Assembly automatically updates Figure 4: Associativity I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R Pag e 1 .

For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited .

erase. and feature-based characteristics of Pro/ENGINEER.For University Use Only . you examine the Pro/ENGINEER interface. Proficiency in the interface enables you to take advantage of Pro/ENGINEER’s powerful design functionality in subsequent lessons. save. Page 2-1 . Retrieve. Prove the parametric. you will be able to: • • • • • Define the four elements of the main Pro/ENGINEER window and describe their functionality. List the different Pro/ENGINEER model file types.Commercial Use Prohibited Module The Pro/ENGINEER Interface In this module. associative. and delete various Pro/ENGINEER models. Describe the uses of the Model Tree and the Menu Manager. Objectives After completing this module.

For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES SCREEN LAYOUT Figure 1 Sample Model in Pro/E Main Window Main Window When you start Pro/ENGINEER. You create your designs in this window. the main window opens on your desktop. Pag e 2 . The four distinct elements of the window are: • • • • Pull-down menu Toolbar Display area Message area Pull-Down Menus The Pro/ENGINEER pull-down menus are valid in all modes of the system.2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .

For University Use Only . Note: Surfaces of models are valid in Pro/ENGINEER regardless of the model display. Info – Applications – Provides access to various Pro/ENGINEER modules.3 . assemblies. An object’s display depends on the current environment settings. Analysis – Contains commands for performing queries and generating reports. the system distinguishes between an edge and a surface of the model by highlighting them in two different colors. Windows – Contains commands for managing various Pro/ENGINEER windows. curve and motion analysis. Figure 2: Standard Pro/ENGINEER Toolbar Display Area Pro/ENGINEER displays parts. When you select the model on the screen. as well as sensitivity and optimization studies. surface. Toolbar The Pro/ENGINEER toolbar contains icons for frequently used options from the pull-down menus. View – Datum – Creates datum features Provides access to options for model. drawings. Help – Contains commands for accessing online documentation.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES • • • • • • • • • • File – C ontains Edit – commands for manipulating files Contains action commands Contains commands for controlling model display and display performance. Utilities – Contains commands for customizing your working environment. T h e P ro / E NG IN E E R In t e rf a ce Pag e 2. and models on the screen in the display area. The toolbar can also be customized.

Note: When Pro/ENGINEER requires data input. In addition.SEC – Sketch files contain 2-D non-associative sketches that can be imported while in sketcher mode. WORKING WITH MODELS Pro/ENGINEER has file extensions associated with different models such as drawings. .For University Use Only . To view old messages. . you can use the scrollbar located on the right.ASM – Assembly files contain information on how 3-D parts and assemblies are assembled together.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Message Area The message area between the toolbar and the display area performs multiple functions by: • • • • Providing status information for every operation performed.DRW – Drawing files contain 2-D fully dimensioned drawings of parts or assemblies. Pag e 2 . Prompting you for additional information by sounding a bell. Providing queries/hints for additional information to complete a command/task. Displaying icons in the message area. and assemblies.PRT – Part files allow you to create 3-D models consisting of many features. parts. • • • • .4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . which represent different forms of information such as warnings or status prompts. there is also a SKETCHER mode that allows you to create twodimensional sketches that are parametric. . it temporarily disables all other functions until you enter the required data.

For University Use Only . Required elements are modifiable properties of a Pro/ENGINEER feature that must be specified to completely define a feature. and interrogating. The following figure illustrates a model dialog box that defines a round feature. Title Tabs Drop-down arrow Check box Text box Command button Figure 3: Example of a Dialog Box Model Dialog Box A model dialog box creates and modifies model geometry by requesting required and optional elements from the user. General Dialog Box A general dialog box performs general functions such as saving. viewing.5 . feature creation. There are two kinds of dialog boxes. Optional elements are additional operations that you may perform but are not necessary for completing the feature.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Using Dialog Boxes Dialog boxes in Pro/ENGINEER are used for model manipulation. and saving. The graphic in Figure 3 represents some of the common elements in a general dialog box. T h e P ro / E NG IN E E R In t e rf a ce Pag e 2. general and model.

MODEL TREE icons denote the corresponding item type and its current status. Retrieving Models When you retrieve files into a working session by clicking File > Open . OK Cancel – Cancels the current feature or model entity. and modify model geometry.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 4: A Model Dialog Box Buttons in the above dialog box are described below: • • • • • • – Allows you to define and/or change selected elements in the dialog box.For University Use Only . Define Refs – Displays the external references of the current selected element. creating the feature or model entity. You can choose features from the MODEL TREE for modification and deletion.6 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . – Allows you to check geometry before completing the feature definition. Using the Model Tree The MODEL TREE presents the model structure feature by feature. Pag e 2 . – Generates a listing of the properties of the feature that you are creating. Info – Completes the definition of the elements. manipulate. It is not available until you have defined all required elements. Preview In addition. Resolve rectifies failures in defined elements by allowing changes to these elements. Pro/ENGINEER also opens up a MODEL TREE window and a Menu Manager that allow you to create.

and duplicate model geometry. Note: The system administrator must install and set up the online documentation for you to be able to access this functionality. Pro/ENGINEER opens another submenu until you have finished making selections. T h e P ro / E NG IN E E R In t e rf a ce Pag e 2. Each time you choose an option from a submenu. Using the MENU MANAGER.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 5: Model Tree with Added Parameters Using the Menu Manager The MENU MANAGER displays a list of menus that you can use to create. If you need additional help. choose the menu option with the right mouse button and click Get Help from the pop-up menu.For University Use Only . modify.7 . you drive along a certain path to complete a task by making choices from menus. Help with Menus Holding your mouse over any menu option provides one-line help displayed on the bottom of the current active window.

8 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .For University Use Only . To activate a window.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Retrieving Multiple Models You can have multiple models in session at one time—each window containing a model—making it possible to refer to one model while working on another. you must click Window > Activate . Pro/ENGINEER allows you to work only on one active window at a time. The new main window contains the same toolbars and message area as the first main window. However. Working with Multiple Sub-Windows If the main window currently contains a model. Figure 6: A New Window over the Main Window Pag e 2 . Pro/ENGINEER automatically opens a new main window each time you open another model.

Figure 7: Opening a Version of a Model Closing Windows To close a window use Window > Close or File > Close Window . If the model is no longer required. Deleting Files Click File > Delete to remove old versions of a model.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Saving Changes Save changes at any time by clicking File > Save . To retrieve an old version. Pro/ENGINEER creates a new version by increasing the version number. To erase all models that are in session but not displayed in windows.For University Use Only . The model still occupies RAM space on the computer. To display the version numbers in the FILE OPEN dialog box. you must specify the version number in the retrieval name. T h e P ro / E NG IN E E R In t e rf a ce Pag e 2. use the All Versions option. It is a good practice to save often. thereby creating two existing versions. the system deletes all versions of the model from the system memory as well as from the hard drive. this does not remove the model from the current session of Pro/ENGINEER. erase it from memory by clicking File > Erase > Current.9 . However. When saving a model. When you click File > Delete > All Versions . click File > Erase > Not Displayed .

click the Type drop-down arrow and click Assembly . In the ENVIRONMENT dialog box. associative. Task 2. 4. and feature-based solid modeler. Only assembly files become visible. click Isometric . 3. 1. Open master. 2. EXERCISE 1: Using Pro/ENGINEER Task 1. Do not close the dialog box. associative. Pag e 2 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES LABORATORY PRACTICAL Goal To prove that Pro/ENGINEER is a parametric. 3. Click Apply . 5. Click Utilities > Environment . In the OPEN dialog box. At the bottom of the dialog box. Manipulate the display of the assembly. Click File > Open . click Hidden Line from the DISPLAY STYLE drop-down list. The final exercise demonstrates that Pro/ENGINEER is a parametric.asm . clear the Datum Planes and Datum Axes check boxes. 2. 1. Click Apply . Change the orientation of the assembly. Method The first two exercises of this lab deal with the user interface and how to manipulate the size and orientation of a model. Open the master assembly. 1.For University Use Only .1 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Task 3. and featurebased solid modeler. From the DEFAULT ORIENT drop-down list.

Click the Shade icon from the toolbar. 4. T h e P ro / E NG IN E E R In t e rf a ce Pag e 2.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 2. Datum planes reappear.11 . Figure 8: Hidden Line Display of Assembly Task 4. 1. Use the toolbar to manipulate the model. Change the orientation back to Trimetric . Display datum planes Display axes Display coordinate systems Display datum points Figure 9: Datum Display Section of Toolbar 2. 3. Click OK to close the dialog box. Click Apply .For University Use Only . Click on the Datum Planes icon in the toolbar. Shade the model.

Click View > Repaint . Click View > Shade . 5. Pag e 2 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Wireframe display Shade display Hidden Line display No Hidden Line display Figure 10: Changing the Model Display 3. Note: Hidden Line remains selected on the toolbar because we have only cosmetically shaded the model and have not switched to a shaded display mode. revert back to hidden line display. Repaint the screen.1 2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .For University Use Only . Once again. 4. You may also use the pull-down menu to cosmetically shade the model.

Refit Repaint Orient the model Zoom In Figure 11: Model Orientation Options Saved Views 2.13 . 5. Now click the Zoom Out icon. Click the Zoom In icon. 1. In Options. Orient the model so that the bracket faces front.For University Use Only . Pick a location on the model with the left mouse button and pick a second location to create a zoom box.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 2: Manipulating Model Size and Orientation Task 1. 5. 1. Change the size and orientation of the model using the toolbar. Reference 1 refers to what is to be parallel to the screen and Reference 2 what orients that parallel reference. T h e P ro / E NG IN E E R In t e rf a ce Pag e 2. 4. A dialog box opens with the Orient by Reference type already selected. . 3. Click 2. 3. Click the Refit icon to resize the model. The model zooms in. Leave the default FRONT from the REFERENCE 1 drop-down list. Task 2. Pick the front surface of the bracket part as shown in Figure 12. 4.

Now pick the other surface of the bracket part as Reference 2. The model changes its orientation. Figure 13: Model after Orientation Pag e 2 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Pick this surface to face front for Reference 1. Figure 12: Surface Selection for Orientation 6.For University Use Only . 8. Click OK in the ORIENTATION dialog box.1 4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 7. Pick this surface as the top for Reference 2. as shown above.

and the right pans it.For University Use Only . T h e P ro / E NG IN E E R In t e rf a ce Pag e 2. Change the model back to the default orientation. Click View > Default . Tips & Techniques: You can also manipulate the model orientation by using the mouse buttons and <Ctrl> key. the middle spins it. The left mouse button zooms the model.15 . 1.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 3.

The shaft moves to its new location.For University Use Only . This proves the parametric nature of the assembly. 5. Modify dimensions of model using the MODEL TREE. type [90] and press <ENTER>.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 3: Interrogating the Model Tree Task 1. In the text box in the message area. Test the associativity by modifying length of the shaft part. In ASSEMBLY menu. click Automatic . 4. Note that the gear and crank parts follow the shaft. 2. Open MASTER_SHAFT. In PRT TO REGEN menu.PRT. Click Modify in MENU MANAGER. Click Done/Return in the ASSEM MOD menu. 1. Pick the 76 dimension that appears. Task 3. 4. Modify offset of the master shaft part. 2. Click Done in the MODIFY menu of the MENU MANAGER. Right-click and hold on MASTER_SHAFT. 3. 3.1 6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Task 2. Regenerate the assembly. click Regenerate . Pag e 2 . 1. Pick the shaft as shown in Figure 14. 1. 2. Click View > Model Tree . 3. if the Model Tree is not on. Click Modify from pop-up menu. 7.PRT. 6.

Accept the default name of MASTER_SHAFT. 3. T h e P ro / E NG IN E E R In t e rf a ce Pag e 2. 4.17 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Pick the shaft here Pick this dimension to modify. as shown below. 8. Make the assembly window active. Check for associativity between the shaft and the assembly 1. Type [250] and press <ENTER>. 5. Figure 14: Modifying the Shaft 4.PRT. click Regenerate > Automatic . 2. Pick the 152 dimension. 6. 7. Click Regenerate in the MENU MANAGER. Regenerate the assembly. The regenerated assembly appears with modified shaft dimensions. Save the shaft model by clicking .For University Use Only . From Menu Manager. Click Window > Activate . Task 4. Close the SHAFT window by clicking Window > Close Window .

This proves the associativity of Pro/ENGINEER. A modification made to a part automatically modifies the whole assembly.1 8 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Pag e 2 .For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 15: Assembly after Modification and Regeneration 5.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 4: Challenge Exercise Task 1. Enter 90. Activate the assembly window. investigate the associativity between one assembly component and an incomplete drawing. Click File > Close Window . Close the drawing window. T h e P ro / E NG IN E E R In t e rf a ce Pag e 2. 1.19 . Now. Click Drawing > Regenerate > Model to see the changes. 7. Pick the dimension to be modified 60.For University Use Only .50 .5 as the new dimension. Open the drawing DRAW_CRANK2. 3. Modify this dimension Figure 16: Crank2 Drawing 5. Save the drawing model. Notice that the crank is updated in the assembly. 4. 8. Click Modify in the DETAIL menu. 2. DRW. 6.

Start the calculation. the system indicates that two parts are interfering. Click File > Save and accept default name. Start the interference calculation. In the RESULTS window. TYPE dropdown list Figure 17: Analyzing Global Interference 4. 5. Click Analysis > Model Analysis . Select Global Interference from the TYPE drop-down list. The default type is set to Assembly Mass Properties . Note that the volume of interference highlights on the screen. Investigate the results. Use the arrow to toggle to the different models. 6. Accept the defaults and click Compute .2 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 3.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 2. Change the analysis type to check for global interference. Close the dialog box. Check for interference between the solid models of the assembly. 2. Pag e 2 . Save the assembly model. The MODEL ANALYSIS dialog box appears. 1.For University Use Only .

Remove the master assembly models that are not displayed in a window from the session memory. Click Open . 1. 2. Click OK from the dialog box to complete the operation. In the FILE OPEN dialog box. T h e P ro / E NG IN E E R In t e rf a ce Pag e 2. Click File > Erase > Not Displayed . Open the CRANK2 part that is still in memory. Click Window > Close Window from the pull-down menu. PRT. A dialog box appears with the selected models that are in session. Notice the base Pro/ENGINEER window cannot be removed as indicated in the message area. Erase the models that are not displayed. not from the computer hard drive.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 3. The system retrieves this model from the system memory.21 . Determine the results of closing the master assembly window.For University Use Only . Select CRANK2. 2. In Session icon Figure 18: Using the IN SESSION Option 3. Task 4. 1. click the In Session icon.

2 2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 1. Pag e 2 . Erase the crank model from system memory to conserve RAM. Confirm the operation. 1. Click Cancel in the dialog box.For University Use Only . 2. Open the OPEN dialog box again. Note that the CRANK2. Click In Session . Close the operation. Task 6.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 5. Erase the current file. Click File >Open . Retrieve in session models again to determine which ones remain in session. Click File > Erase > Current .PRT is the only model that is listed because it was displayed in a window when you erased the other models.

and drawings exhibit feature-based. display area. Pro/ENGINEER automatically opens a new main window each time you open an additional model. toolbar.23 . You can work with multiple windows. Erasing models that are not in use frees up system memory.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODULE SUMMARY In this module you have learned that: • • • • • Pull-down menus. T h e P ro / E NG IN E E R In t e rf a ce Pag e 2. and associative characteristics. assemblies. Pro/ENGINEER models such as parts. parametric. Models can be oriented and displayed on the screen in various ways.For University Use Only . and message area are the four important elements of the Pro/ENGINEER user interface.

For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited .

Objectives After completing this module. Create. Navigate among the various options of the HOLE dialog box to capture the intent of the hole element in the lab practical. delete. you will be able to: • • • Identify and define the three types of Pick-and-Place features. These features are called Pick-and-Place features.For University Use Only . and modify the three Pick-and-Place features. Page 3-1 .Commercial Use Prohibited Module Pick-and-Place Features Certain Pro/ENGINEER features need not be (Keep it simple) built. They are freely provided and can simply be utilized whenever needed.

you can choose from the following options in the PLACEMENT menu.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES PICK AND PLACE FEATURES The three Pick-and-Place features are: • • • straight hole edge round edge chamfer To create any of these features. Pag e 3 . you specify the appropriate placement references on your model and provide the required dimensions. Choosing Hidden References Using Query Select When you click Query Select and then pick on a surface. Creating the Straight Hole Feature Pro/ENGINEER creates all straight holes with a constant diameter. • Linear – Places the hole on a plane.For University Use Only . if the placement reference moves.2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Dimensions the center of the hole from two surfaces or edges using linear dimensions. the feature also moves. Note: Pick-and-Place features behave parametrically with respect to their placement references. The hole feature always removes material from your model. That is. a dialog box appears with various reference options. Pro/ENGINEER places the feature on that location. Placement Options To place a hole on your model.

or linear dimensioning scheme. only a diameter dimension for the hole itself.Pla ce F eatu re s Pag e 3. cylinder. Radial holes placed on a plane have a diameter. Does not create placement dimensions. Radial Figure 2: Radial Holes on a Plane • – Places the hole coaxially using an existing axis.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 1: Linear Hole • – Places the hole with respect to an axis using polar dimensions on a plane. or cone.For University Use Only .3 . radius. Coaxial Figure 3: Coaxial Hole Pi ck-an d.

On Point Figure 4: On Point Hole Depth Options You can also create the hole from either side of the placement plane or from both sides using the Depth One and Depth Two options in the HOLE dialog box.4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES • – Places the center of the hole directly on an on surface datum point. Figure 5: Side Options The system determines how deep to create the hole based on your depth specification. The axis of the hole is normal to the placement surface.For University Use Only . Figure 6 illustrates the various depth options listed in the HOLE dialog box. Pag e 3 .

Simple rounds employ the default round shape and transitions.5 . An edge round smoothes the hard edges between adjacent surfaces. Pro/ENGINEER offers two types of rounds: simple and advanced. Figure 7: Constant and Variable Radius Rounds • Full Round – Creates a round that completely removes a model surface. at intermediate vertices along the edge being rounded. Advanced rounds employ user-defined round shapes and transitions.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Variable Thru All Thru Next To Reference Thru Until Figure 6: Hole Depth Options Creating the Simple Round Round features create a rounded smooth transition between two adjacent surfaces.Pla ce F eatu re s Pag e 3. optionally. Variable – Specifies radii at every selected edge at the endpoints and.For University Use Only . Radius Options for a Simple Edge Chain Round • • Constant – Assigns the same radius value to every selected edge. Pi ck-an d.

Figure 9: Cut Feature Dimensioned to the Edge Round Pag e 3 .For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Full Round Figure 8: Full Round Note: Do not dimension other features to the edges or tangent edges of round features. Tip: You should create round features on your model as late in the design process as possible. Round features make unstable parents.6 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .

Use the <ESC> key to select other radius type options. Picked a point on this surface. Original Model Figure 11: Using the Thru Pnt/Vtx Option Creating an Edge Chamfer An edge chamfer feature removes a flat section of material from a selected edge or edges to create a beveled surface between the two original surfaces common to the edges. curve.7 . Pi ck-an d.Pla ce F eatu re s Pag e 3.For University Use Only . Thru Pnt/Vtx Default Values – Specifies a radius value as the system default value or a previously entered radius value in the SEL VALUE menu.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Specifying Radius Values for a Simple Round • • • • – (default) Specifies a new radius value that does not appear in the menu. or edge end through which the radius of the round should pass (Figure 11). Round created tangent Original model Figure 10: Using the Pick On Surf Option Picked this vertex. The Pro/ENGINEER dimensioning schemes for edge chamfers are shown in Figure 12. vertex. Enter Pick On Surf – Specifies a point on the adjacent surface that determines the radius value (Figure 10). – Specifies a datum point.

For University Use Only - Commercial Use Prohibited
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Figure 12: Edge Chamfer Dimensioning Schemes

Note:
When selecting circular edges for chamfers, Pro/ENGINEER only highlights one half of the edge. Since the system places the chamfer on the entire circular edge, you do not have to select the other half of the edge.

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LABORATORY PRACTICAL
Goal
By the end of this lab, you will have command over the important Pickand-Place features of Pro/ENGINEER: the Straight Hole, the Simple Edge Chain Round and the Edge Chamfer.

Method
This lab is structured to present the Pick-and-Place features in their order of complexity.

EXERCISE 1: Creating an Edge Chamfer
In this exercise, you add two edge chamfers to an existing model using two different dimensioning methods: 45 x d and d1x d2.

Figure 13: The Starting Model

Task 1.

Adding the 45 x d edge chamfer to a cylinder.

1. Retrieve the CHAMFERS.PRT from the INTRO_PROE_310 directory.

Pi ck-an d- Pla ce F eatu re s

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2. From MENU MANAGER, click Feature > Create > Solid > Chamfer . 3. Click Edge > 45 x d . Type [1.0] as the value for the chamfer dimension. 4. Pick the two circular edges on either end of the cylindrical protrusion. 5. After the edges have been selected, click Done Sel > Done Refs.

Pick these two edges

Figure 14: Selecting the Circular Edges

6. Click OK to complete the chamfer.

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Figure 15: Completed Chamfer

Task 2. model.

Add the D1 X D2 chamfer to the four edges at the bottom of the

1. Click Create > Solid > Chamfer > Edge . 2. Select D1 X D2 from the SCHEME menu. Type [1.0] as the value for D1 and [2.0] as the value for the D2 dimension. 3. Switch to a Hidden Line view. Click Query Sel , then pick the hidden bottom surface as the reference surface for the D1 dimension.

Pick the bottom surface.

Figure 16: Picking the Bottom Surface

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4. Pick the front edge and right side edge as edge references. 5. Click Query Sel , then pick the two hidden bottom edges.

Pick these two hidden bottom edges.

Pick front and right side edges

Figure 17: Picking the Hidden Edges

Note:
When Pro/ENGINEER prompts for you to pick an edge or surface, the system can determine the difference between the two, thus filtering out everything but the prompted reference type.

6. Click Done Sel > Done Refs . 7. Click OK to complete the chamfer. 8. Click the Shade icon to display a shaded model.

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Figure 18: Completed Chamfers Model

9. Save the model. Accept the default name when saving the part. 10. Close the current working window.

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EXERCISE 2: Creating a Simple Edge Chain Round Feature
In this exercise, you add four different simple edge chain round features to the model.

Figure 19: Simple Edge Chain Round Feature

Task 1.

Open the model and add some rounds.

1. Open ROUNDS.PRT. 2. Create the first round feature as a corner break on the front end of the cylinder. Click Feature > Create > Solid > Round > Simple > Done . 3. Give the round a constant radius value. Click Constant > Edge Chain > Done . 4. Leave the default tangent chain and pick the first edge of the cylinder to round, as shown in Figure 20. Click Done .

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Pick this edge

Figure 20: Selection of the Edge

5. Type [.5] as the value for the radius dimension and click OK . Task 2. Create a second edge round, similar to the first, at the other end of the cylinder. 1. Click Feature > Create > Solid > Round > Simple > Done . 2. Click Constant > Edge Chain > Done . 3. Pick the back edge of the cylinder, as shown in Figure 21, then choose Done .

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Type [. Click One By One . Task 3.For University Use Only . Define the single edge references.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Pick this circular edge Figure 21: Second Edge Reference 4. Click Variable > Edge Chain > Done . Click Query Sel . Start defining the edge round. Pick the hidden vertical edge. 2. Pick the three visible vertical edges of the base as shown in Figure 22. Click OK . 6. Create a simple round with a variable radial attribute. Click Done . Look at the final graphic of this section for an idea of what you want to achieve. 3. 7. Switch to the Hidden Line display. Pag e 3 . 5. 4. Click Feature > Create > Solid > Round > Simple > Done . 1.1 6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .75] as the radius value.

type [2] as a value for the bottom of the edge. Click Done . Click Simple > Done > Constant > Edge Chain > Done . 1. keeping track of the vertices that Pro/ENGINEER highlights. Click Create > Solid > Round . Pro/ENGINEER highlights geometry when querying for information. Figure 22: Selecting the Variable Rounds References 8.For University Use Only . Define the radius values. Task 4. Complete the round feature. Task 5. Use the surface chain attribute to round the base edges of the 1. type [0] as a value for the top of the edge. As the system highlights each end of every edge. 2. Do not add any intermediate points.Pla ce F eatu re s Pag e 3.17 . 2. Pi ck-an d.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Pick these three edges Pick the fourth (hidden) edge here. part. Click OK .

For University Use Only . Click OK to create the feature. Pick the front edge of the base first. To activate the RADIUS TYPE menu. Now pick above the edge on the adjacent angled surface. 3. Click Select All > Done . press <ESC>. Pag e 3 . 1. then pick the bottom surface as the selection reference.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 3. Figure 23: Selecting the Surface Reference 5. From the MENU MANAGER. Task 6. 2. Click Query Sel . 4. Define a radius value by selecting on the surface of the model (without entering a numerical value as usually done). Pick the bottom surface. 4. Read the message window. as shown in figure below.1 8 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Click Pick on Surf . click Surf Chain over the default tangent chain. 5.

Save the part and erase it from memory.Pla ce F eatu re s Pag e 3.19 . The completed model will look as in the figure below. Pi ck-an d.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Pick this edge first Pickt this point on the surface to define radius Figure 24 Defining Radius by Picking on Surface 6.For University Use Only . Figure 25: The Completed Model 7.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 3: Exploring the Straight Hole Feature Four cooling fins Base feature 270-degree flange Fluid pipe Figure 26: Straight Hole Feature Task 1.For University Use Only . Open STRAIGHT_HOLES. as shown in Figure 27. Create a linear placed hole with a variable depth of 30 on the top of the base feature of the model. Click Feature > Create > Solid > Hole . 2.PRT. 1. as shown in Figure 26. Pag e 3 . The HOLE dialog box appears.2 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .

6. Press <ENTER> . Press <ENTER> . 7. 4. Type [7. Through the Primary Reference you define the location of the hole.Pla ce F eatu re s Pag e 3. Leave the default hole type as Straight . First click on the arrow next to the primary reference. 8. Leave the depth one default as Variable and depth two as None .21 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 27 Hole Dialog Box 3.5] as the diameter value. Choose the placement plane by picking on the top surface of the base feature as shown in Figure 28. Pi ck-an d. Type [30] as the depth value.For University Use Only . 5.

10. Type [10] as the distance for this reference. Type [15] for the distance from this reference.For University Use Only . Click .2 2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 11. For the second linear reference again click > Query Sel to pick the visible front surface. Press <ENTER>. Press <ENTER>. For the first linear reference. Pag e 3 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Placement plane First dimension reference (hidden side surface) Second dimension reference Figure 28: Creating a Linear Placed Hole 9. click > Query Sel to pick the hidden side of the base feature.

1. 5. Define the placement location. so that if the fins get longer or wider the hole will move with them. Press <ENTER>.23 . In the HOLE dialog box. Reference it to the back and right side surfaces of the fins. 4. as shown in Figure 30.Pla ce F eatu re s Pag e 3. Start the definition of the hole feature. 2.For University Use Only . Type [12. 3. Pick the top surface of the first cooling fin near the right back corner. Click Thru All as the depth option. First dimension reference (hidden back surface) Second dimension reference (visible thin surface of fin) Placement plane Figure 30: Creating the Second Straight Hole Feature Pi ck-an d. Click Feature > Create > Solid > Hole .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 29: The First Completed Hole Task 2. Add a linear hole that runs through the cooling fins. leave the default hole type as Straight .5] for the hole diameter.

For University Use Only . For the second reference. then pick the hidden back side surface of the base feature. For the first linear reference. Then press <ENTER>. Use the TO REFERENCE depth option to create another linear hole through the top three fins. Type [10] for the distance. Type [12. 2. Pag e 3 . Figure 31: The Second Hole Placed Task 3. use the repeat button . click Query Sel . In the HOLE dialog box.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 6. then pick the side surface (not the edge) of the topcooling fin. Note: If you are creating another hole after creating a hole. Then press <ENTER>. 8. click Query Sel .5] as the diameter. You may preview the hole feature but do not close the HOLE dialog box. leave the default Straight hole type. 1. Click To Reference in the Depth One option dropdown menu. 7.2 4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Press <ENTER> . Type [10] as the distance for this reference.

7. 6. By this. Press <Enter >. For the second Linear Reference. you are specifying that the hole has to end at the bottom surface of the third fin. pick the top surface of the first fin as shown in figure.25 .For University Use Only . pick the visible side surface of the cooling fin. Pick this surface as the placement plane Second dimensional reference First Dimensional reference Figure 32: Creating the Third Hole 4.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 3. Pi ck-an d. 5. then pick the bottom surface of the third fin. For the first Linear Reference. pick the front part of the base feature and type [10] for the distance. Click Query Sel .Pla ce F eatu re s Pag e 3. Define the second distance as 10 units as well. For the Primary Reference. Complete the hole feature.

Pick the A_3 axis of the cylindrical protrusion as the axial reference. Select Coaxial from the PLACEMENT TYPE drop-down list. 5. If you cannot see the axis. Click Feature > Create > Solid > Hole 2. 3. then pick the visible front surface of the base feature as the depth reference. leave the default hole type as Straight . turn it on in the toolbar.2 6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 6. Let the Depth One dimension be a To Reference. Pag e 3 .For University Use Only . Create a coaxial hole to the cylindrical feature.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Select the hidden underside surface Figure 33: The Up to Surface Hole Task 4. 1. In the HOLE dialog box. Type [5] as a value for the hole diameter. 4. In the HOLE PLACEMENT box. select the front surface of the cylindrical protrusion as the primary reference. Click Query Sel . Define the hole. 7.

For University Use Only . Axis line (A_3) Depth surface to extrude up to Pick here for the placement plane Figure 34: Creating a Coaxial Straight Hole Pi ck-an d.Pla ce F eatu re s Pag e 3. Click checkmark to complete the coaxial hole feature.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 8.27 .

For University Use Only . 2. ½ Primary Reference = Visible front surface of the circular flange ½ Placement Type = Radial ½ Axial Reference = A_3 of the fluid pipe ½ Distance = 25 mm Pag e 3 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Exercise 4: Challenge Exercise Task 1. ½ Diameter = 15mm ½ Depth One = To Reference ½ Depth Two = None ½ Depth Reference = Invisible surface of the circular flange. Figure 35: The Completed Model 1. Create a straight hole radially placed on a planar surface.2 8 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Set the hole placement. Set the hole specifications.

Pla ce F eatu re s Pag e 3. Pi ck-an d. ½ Angle = 25. Optional: Change the diameter of the flange from 47 to 60 and regenerate to see the change in the model. Pick this axis Small angled surface Figure 36: Creating a Radial Mounting Hole Pick this surface as the placement location Figure 37: Selection of the Reference 3. 4.For University Use Only . Complete the hole.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES ½ Angular Reference = Front face of the flange near the angled cut.29 .

Save the part and erase it from memory.3 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Pag e 3 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 5.For University Use Only .

you have learned that: • • • Hole.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODULE SUMMARY In this module. The Hole feature can be placed linearly. Variable. The Round and Chamfer features are best created towards the end of the design process because they are not good references. and on point and has many depth options. they can complicate design intent with unwanted parent-child relationships. and Chamfer form the three important Pick-and-Place features in Pro/ENGINEER. Round. Chamfers can be placed not only on planes and perpendicular surfaces but also on circular edges.Pla ce F eatu re s Pag e 3.For University Use Only . • • Pi ck-an d. and Fully Rounded. Rounds can be created with varying radius options: Constant. Also. radially.31 . coaxially.

Commercial Use Prohibited .For University Use Only .

circles. Pro/ENGINEER provides a Sketcher mode and includes a built-in Intent Manager to help you capture design intent. rectangles. Employ Sketcher Tools to change section sketches. Create geometry including lines. This module starts with the basics of the Sketcher mode. arcs. you have learned that “Pick and Place” features allow for very fast creation of features such as holes and rounds whose geometry is easily understood as part of standard engineering operations. individual shapes. and sketched points. you will actually sketch them.For University Use Only . Objectives After completing this module. Explain how the Sketcher dimensioning scheme allows you to capture design intent. To enable this. For any geometry that involves the definition of more complex. Page 4-1 . you will be able to: • • • • • Describe the functions and tools in the Sketcher mode. Apply geometrical constraints to sketched entities. such as the “equal lengths” constraint and the “perpendicular” constraint. centerlines.Commercial Use Prohibited Module Sketcher Basics Previously.

An Intent Manager with fly-out icons on the right to perform frequently used actions. Dimensions On/Off .2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . An additional Sketcher toolbar with specific Sketcher functionality such as Undo . A standard Pro/ENGINEER toolbar. Figure 1: Sketcher Interface Pag e 4 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES THE SKETCHER ENVIRONMENT The Sketcher Interface The Sketcher interface consists of: • • • • • • A menu bar with the usual Pro/ENGINEER pull-down menus and two additional Sketcher-specific menus—EDIT and SKETCH. A message area below the toolbars.For University Use Only . and Grid On/Off . An additional Sketcher-specific message area at the bottom left of the window describing Intent Manager’s fly-out icons.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES • • The color red is used to highlight and select entities. or all entities that fall within a swept box. These icons are logically grouped together. Sk etche r B asi cs Pag e 4.For University Use Only . you can access the most frequently used sketching tools with a single click without having to go to pull-down menus. Intent Manager • • The Intent Manager with fly-out icons appears automatically on the right side of the screen when you enter the Sketcher mode.3 . based on capability. This provides accurate and easily identifiable entities selections. Using the mouse. Default cursor to pick entities Icons to create different kinds of geometry To create dimensions To modify dimensions To impose constraints To trim Entities Figure 2 Intent Manager’s Fly-Out Icons • With fly-out icons. you can select individual or multiple-specific sketched entities.

dimensioning.For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Pop-Up Menus • • • Additional pop-up menus can be accessed by holding the right-mouse button in the Sketcher mode display area. They offer short-cut methods for sketching. Figure 3 A Typical Sketcher Pop-Up Menu Pag e 4 .4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . deleting. These pop-up menus aid ease-of-use. modifying. and undoing steps.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES SKETCHER MODE FUNCTIONALITY Sketcher Menus • • EDIT and SKETCH are two top-level menus specific to the Sketcher mode. Figure 4 Edit and Sketch Menus • • • In addition. all Intent Manager commands are available through these menus. Toggle Construction . Trim .For University Use Only . They contain all the commands needed in the sketching environment. They are shown below. you can manipulate your sketched geometry with the Modify. Move .5 . You can insert Text into the Sketching area using the Text option in the SKETCH menu. With the new EDIT menu. and Toggle Lock commands. Sk etche r B asi cs Pag e 4.

6 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Creating Geometry Sketcher mode enables the creation of a variety of geometrical shapes and entities. Note: The references that you select for a section create Parent/Child relationships. Provide insufficient references to place a section.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Specifying References One of the first things you will be prompted for after beginning a sketch in the Sketcher mode will be to specify references of the section you are about to sketch. you can create two types of sketched lines—straight lines from point to point or centerlines for referencing or constraining entities. You will need to provide references when you: • • • Create a new feature. Redefine a feature with missing or insufficient references. and circles—are discussed below. It is good practice to reference before sketching.For University Use Only . This provides the sketched entities a location to automatically align to and dimension from. arcs. The basic ones—lines. Arcs Figure 6 Arcs Fly-Out Icons Pag e 4 . Lines Figure 5 Lines Fly-Out Icons Using the Line fly-out icons in the Intent Manager.

For University Use Only . A concentric arc. You can create: • • • A circle by picking the center and a point on the circle. you can create three types of circles. Circles Figure 7 Circle Fly-Out Icons Using the Circle fly-out icons in the Intent Manager. An arc by picking its center and endpoints. A conic arc. Sketched circle Concentric to this edge Figure 8 Sketching a Concentric Circle to an Edge Sk etche r B asi cs Pag e 4. You can create: • • • • An arc by 3 points or tangent to an entity at its endpoint.7 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Using the Arcs fly-out icons in the Intent Manager. A full ellipse. you can create four types of arcs. A concentric circle.

pick the entity with the left mouse button and place the dimension with the middle-mouse button. Figure 9 Creating Dimensions for a Rectangle • • You can grab a dimension and place it at a more convenient position in the Sketcher at any point during or after sketching. particularly when the sketch gets complex.For University Use Only . To place dimensions in Sketcher. An orderly arrangement of dimensions helps visual clarity. The following figure illustrates the simple dimensioning of a rectangle.8 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . you must dimension it. Figure 10 Grabbing and Moving Dimensions Pag e 4 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Dimensioning After completing a sketch.

Figure 11 Modify Dimensions Dialog Box • • In addition. you can change the dimension values of multiple entities with just a click of the mouse. You also have the options to dynamically Regenerate and Lock Scale the sketch.For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Modifying Dimensions • • Sketcher makes it easy to modify dimensions of geometric entities at any time. you can now double-click on an individual dimension to change its value. The SENSITIVITY scrollbar at the bottom right of the dialog box allows you to adjust the sensitivity of the control wheels for changing dimensions dynamically. shown below.9 . • Sk etche r B asi cs Pag e 4. With the MODIFY DIMENSIONS dialog box.

Create equal lengths. 8. Make two entities tangent. Make two entities perpendicular.For University Use Only .1 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 6. 5. 4. Make a line or two vertices vertical. Figure 12 Sketcher Constraints Dialog Box You can use constraint options to: 1.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Constraining • • • Sketcher assumes certain constraints for the geometrical entities you create. 7. 3. Make two points or vertices symmetrical about a centerline. 9. Place a point on the middle of the line. 2. You are free to impose your own constraints overriding the system’s default constraints to capture your design intent. equal radii or same curvature constraint. Creates same points or points on entities. This can be done easily by accessing the CONSTRAINTS dialog box shown below. Pag e 4 . Make two lines parallel. Make a line or two vertices horizontal.

Automatically selects that edge as a specified reference.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Additional Sketcher Tools EDGE The Edge tool has two instances represented by its two fly-out icons in the Intent Manager. Use Edge Figure 14: Using Existing Model Edge to Create Sketched Entities Sk etche r B asi cs Pag e 4.For University Use Only .11 . as shown below: Figure 13 Edge Fly-Out Icons • – Uses an existing model edge to create sketched entities.

½ Drag Many – Translates picked entities within a sketch. making legacy data easier to manipulate.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES • – Uses existing model edge to create sketched entities at an offset distance. This functionality can be accessed by clicking Edit > Copy from the pull-down menus. The MOVE ENTITY menu displays the following options: Drag Item – Moves an entity or its vertex to a new location. Mirror This tool mirrors sketched entities from one side of a centerline to the other.1 2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . You can dynamically move and scale a section. Copy Copies 2-D draft/imported entities from a drawing. Move • • Repositions sketched entities. Pag e 4 . This can be accessed by Edit > Mirror. Offset Edge Figure 15: Creating Sketched Entities at an Offset Distance Note: The Use Edge and Offset Edge options create parent/child relationships with the referenced feature.For University Use Only .

Sk etche r B asi cs Pag e 4. Section Analysis To obtain information about a particular section within Sketcher.13 . replacing the original with two new entities.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES ½ Rotate90 – Rotates sketched entities about a specified point by multiples of 90 degrees. This option provides you with information about • • • • intersection and tangency points angles and distances dimensioning references entity curvature display Sketcher Points ½ They force coincidence among sketched entities. Trim This can be accessed by clicking Edit > Trim .For University Use Only . Replace Replaces a sketched entity from the original section with a newly sketched entity. ½ The third divides an entity at the point of selection. Trim shortens (or extends) an entity in three different ways corresponding to the three fly-out icons shown below: Figure 16 Trim Fly-Out Icons ½ The first dynamically trims section entities ½ The second cuts or extends entities to other entities or geometry. ½ Dimension – Repositions a dimension within a sketch. ½ Allow slanted dimensions between sketched entity end-points. click Analysis > Section Analysis .

1 4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Pag e 4 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 17: Midpoint Definition Using Sketcher Point Figure 18 Defining Theoretical Sharps Using Sketcher Points SETTING SKETCHER PREFERENCES You can now modify the Sketcher environment in the new SKETCHER PREFERENCES dialog box in the UTILITIES menu.For University Use Only .

grid spacing. Sketcher starts in 2-D orientation (that is.15 . Sketching in 3-D When you select the Use2D Sketcher option from the ENVIRONMENT dialog box. Click the Default button to reset the preferences.For University Use Only . Set constraints preferences by enabling or disabling constraints assumed by Sketcher.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 19 Sketcher Preferences Dialog Box Use the SKETCHER PREFERENCES dialog box to: • • • • Modify the display options of various sketcher entities. with the sketching plane parallel to the computer screen). and accuracy parameters. Sk etche r B asi cs Pag e 4. Set grid.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 20 The Environment Dialog Box When you do not select this option. You may change the view orientation at any time and sketch in 3-D. you can re-orient a Sketcher section into the 2-D view while in Sketcher mode. Pag e 4 .1 6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Using View > Sketch View . Sketcher starts in 3-D orientation.For University Use Only .

½ Align centers horizontally and vertically.17 . Do not sketch to scale. Use the grid as an aid.0 to a lower number. 2. 1. parallel. Use the Undo option ½ The Undo option restores a sketched section to its prior state. Sk etche r B asi cs Pag e 4. ½ Firstly. ½ This rule is particularly helpful when the sketched entities are small. or perpendicular. concentrate on getting your geometry straight by sketching large.0 e-9 through 1. Make effective use of Sketcher accuracy. resolve the sketch by modifying dimensions.For University Use Only . you can increase Sketcher accuracy by changing it from 1. as is required with some solid modeling packages. 7. Use open and closed sections appropriately. ½ Secondly. ½ When sketching an open section. ½ This is extremely useful when sketching features incrementally. 6. Keep sketches simple. you cannot have more than one open section per feature.0 (default). ½ To prevent Sketcher from making constraints. ½ Align sketched entities.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES SKETCHER PHILOSOPHY Rules of Thumb Certain rules of thumb must be rigorously adhered to gain maximum advantage from the power of the Sketcher mode’s diverse capabilities. ½ There is no need to sketch sections that extend outside the part. 5. ½ The range for the accuracy is 1. 3. 4. Do not extend the sketch outside of the part. ½ Create lines equal. ½ This makes the final model flexible and helps regeneration.

and is less prone to failure. you should use a closed one since it is easier to regenerate.For University Use Only . Protrusion B Protrusion A Cut Figure 21: Open and Closed Sections Pag e 4 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES ½ If you use an open section. ½ When in doubt over whether you should use an open or closed section. you must explicitly align its open ends to the part.1 8 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES LABORATORY PRACTICAL Goal By the end of this lab. 2. 1. Type [ROUND_RECTANGLE].For University Use Only . 4.19 . In Exercise 3. Click File > New . you learn sketching basics. you create a snap ring by sketching in steps. Method In Exercise 1. you create a hex section using construction entities. 3. EXERCISE 1: Sketching Basics Figure 22 Completed Sketch after Exercise 1 Task 1. creating straight lines. Create a new sketch named ROUND_RECTANGLE. select Sketch . Sketcher mode activates. and generating solid models. dimensioning. In the NEW dialog box. you will be conversant with basic sketching skills such as entering sketcher mode. applying constraints. In Exercise 2. Sk etche r B asi cs Pag e 4. creating arcs.

Click .2 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . > 1.For University Use Only . Apply the constraint to make the lines perpendicular. Similarly. Sketch four lines as shown. 2.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 2. once again pick the other two lines to make them perpendicular. Pag e 4 . then pick two lines to make them perpendicular. Figure 23 Sketching a Quadrilateral Task 3. the bottom line being horizontal.

Sketch a tangent end arc on the left side of the section. Pick the top left vertex and drag the mouse out of the left quadrant of the circle to get a tangent end arc. 1. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Click 2. Hold shift and pick the right vertical line. With the pointer icon pick the left vertical line. as shown below.21 . Close the CONSTRAINTS dialog box. 3.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 24 Applying the Perpendicular Constraint 3.For University Use Only . Task 4. Delete the two vertical lines. 2. 1. Sk etche r B asi cs Pag e 4. 3. Pick the end point to be the bottom left end point. . Task 5.

Pick each arc with the left mouse button. Pag e 4 . Add the proper dimensions.2 2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 1. Repeat the process on the right side of the section.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 25 Sketching a Tangent End Arc Task 6. Figure 26 Sketching Tangent End Arcs on Both Sides Task 7.For University Use Only . 3. . Click 2. then place the dimension where you would like it to appear with the middle button. Select Tangent and Horizontal for type and orientation.

For University Use Only . . 1.23 . Create a diameter dimension on the left arc. Click 2. Figure 28 Dimensioning the Left Arc Sk etche r B asi cs Pag e 4.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 27 Dimensioning the Arcs Task 8. Pick the left arc twice with the left mouse button and place it with the middle.

Pick both the horizontal dimension and the diameter dimension using the <SHIFT> key and click icon. 3.2 4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 9. Pag e 4 . Save and close the MODIFY DIMENSIONS dialog box. Figure 30 Sketch with Modified Dimensions 4.For University Use Only . 1. Modify the diameter to [2] and the linear dim to [4]. Figure 29 Modify Dimensions Dialog Box 2. Modify both dimensions.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 2: Sketching in Steps Figure 31 Completed Snap Ring after Exercise 2 Task 1. 1. Create a new sketch called SNAP_RING. Type [SNAP_RING] as the name of the sketch. 2. Click Sk etche r B asi cs Pag e 4. and draw two circles as shown in the next figure. Task 2. 1. Click File > New . 3. Create two offset circles aligned horizontally.25 .For University Use Only . Select Sketch .

For the rectangle. Stop cursor here Delete Start dynamic trim here Figure 33 Sketching Rectangle Inside Circles 1. Just click once to start and then click 2. click again to end sketching. Create a rectangle that snaps to the inside circle on both upper vertices.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 32 Two Offset Circles Aligned Horizontally Task 3. Click .For University Use Only .2 6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Pag e 4 . Put your cursor below the bottom horizontal line and drag it to above the top horizontal line. Then use the dynamic trim to create intersections. .

4. Make sure that each item becomes highlighted. 1. If all the crossed items are not highlighted continue to hold the mouse button and drag over the lines until they do highlight. Make sure not to snap through any of the arc’s vertices.27 . Sketch another rectangle. Figure 34 Using Dynamic Trim Task 4.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 3. Sk etche r B asi cs Pag e 4. 2. The result is shown in the figure below. This time snapping to the outside circle and the bottom of the two vertical lines as shown below.For University Use Only .

2 8 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 35 Sketching a Second Rectangle Task 5. Figure 36 Capturing Intent with Dynamic Trim Pag e 4 . Click 2. to trim the unwanted entities. 1. Use the dynamic trim to remove the final lines and arc.For University Use Only . The result is shown below.

Click 2. 1. Save and close Sk etche r B asi cs Pag e 4.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 6. Pick each entity with the left mouse button and place the dimension with the middle mouse button.For University Use Only . Dimension the entities. Click to modify the six dimension values. to create the dimensions. Figure 37 Modifying Dimensions 4.29 . 3.

Click the point button.For University Use Only . 1. Task 3. 3. Create a vertical centerline that passes through the point. Task 4. Modify the angles to 60°. Place a point in the center of the screen. Select Sketch and type [HEX] as the name. Create two additional centerlines that pass through the point at an angle.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 3: Sketching a Hexagon Task 1. Modify the angle between centerlines to 60° as shown below. Add vertical centerlines passing through the Sketcher Point. Click on the centerline button in the line fly-out icons. 2. 2. Figure 38 Modifying Angles between Centerlines Pag e 4 . 1. Create a new sketch called HEX. 1. Click File > New . Create a sketcher point 1. Task 2.3 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .

Right-click and hold on the circle for a pop-up menu. Left-click on the circle to highlight it in red. Figure 40 Creating a Hexagonal Sketch Sk etche r B asi cs Pag e 4.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 5. Create a hexagon by sketching 6 lines from the intersection points of the circle and the centerlines. 3. 1.31 . Click Toggle Construction to convert it to a construction circle Figure 39 Creating a Construction Circle Task 6.For University Use Only . 2. Create a circle centered on the point.

3 2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Pag e 4 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 1. Save and close. Add a diameter dimension to the construction circle and modify it’s value to [1.For University Use Only .0] 2.

It is possible to over-constrain a model.For University Use Only . and constrained. You can create lines. the INTENT MANAGER with fly-out icons. splines. All geometry has to be sketched. dimensioned. message areas. and many other geometrical entities using the Intent Manager. Move . Mirror .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODULE SUMMARY In this module. The system notifies you when there is a clash of constraints though. rectangles. pull-down menus. The EDIT and SKETCH menus contain most of the tools that are unique to Sketcher mode such as Copy . circles. toolbars. • • • • • • Sk etche r B asi cs Pag e 4. and pop-up menus. arcs.33 . Sketcher preferences can be set using the SKETCHER PREFERENCES dialog box. System dimensions can be over-ridden and dimensions can always be modified at any stage of model generation. and Trim . you learned that: • The Sketcher interface consists of the main sketcher area.

For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited .

you learn how to sketch your own new features on a sketching plane and how to convert your sketches into actual robust features. delete. Specify references for a sketch. create its geometry. Page 5-1 .Commercial Use Prohibited Module Sketched Features In this module. Proficiency with sketching is of paramount importance to any complex design process. OBJECTIVES After completing this module. Investigate two forms of the sketched features—Extrude and Revolve. It gives you the ability to innovate in ways that richly capture your design intent. you will be able to: • • • • Create.For University Use Only . Define the sketching plane and how to sketch on it. and modify two sketched features—cuts and protrusions. and dimension it.

Figure 1: Protrusion versus Cut Specifying Extruded and Revolved Forms • • When extruding .2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / En g i n e e r . Cuts Protrusions add material to a model in any desired shape.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES TWO SKETCHED FEATURES • • remove material from a specified material side of an open or closed cross-section in a model. the system adds or removes material linearly from the sketching plane. Pag e 5 .For University Use Only . it creates a feature by revolving the sketched section around a sketched centerline. When revolving .

That is. You must also orient it. • Sk etche d Fe atu res Pag e 5. you sketch it on the surface from which you intend to begin feature creation.3 .For University Use Only . For this you must provide a reference plane to act as the orientation reference to the new feature. Sketching a new feature and dimensioning it is not enough. you make the surface your sketching plane. Note The reference plane must be perpendicular to the sketching plane.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Sketched Figure 2: Extruded versus Revolved Features SKETCHING AND REFERENCE PLANES • When you create a new feature on a model.

For University Use Only . you may want to manually pick the top surface of the model for a perpendicular reference orientation. Sometimes. Top orientation plane Direction of feature creation Sketching plane Sketcher orientation protrusion Sketcher orientation cut Resulting protrusion Resulting cut Figure 3: Two Features Defined by the Same Cross-Section Pag e 5 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES The Sketching Plane’s Default Orientation The default orientation of the sketching plane orients it parallel to the screen and chooses one of the default datums as a reference plane.4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / En g i n e e r .

A toolbar containing various sketching options and constraints appears on the right side of the window in sketcher mode. a new pull-down menu item Sketch containing all the necessary sketching tools appears in the menu bar. The different types of linear dimensions are illustrated Figure 5. you can first create them in a convenient scale and later modify their dimensions.For University Use Only . Linear Dimensions • Linear dimensions indicate the length of a line segment or the distance between two entities.5 . Whenever you create a sketch. Sk etche d Fe atu res Pag e 5. Ends line creation and toggles between entity creation and selection arrow.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES SKETCHER BASICS • • • • All sketches are parametric. pick the entity with the left mouse button then place the dimension at the desired location using the middle mouse button. In Sketcher Mode. Pro/ENGINEER automatically assumes a dimensioning scheme. Creates section entities by selecting points Toggles on/off constraints and opens pop-up menu Figure 4: Sketcher Mouse Button Functions Dimensioning Sections To override weak dimensions with strong ones. That is.

Diameter Dimensions • Diameter dimensions measure the diameters of sketched circles and arcs.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 5: Linear Dimensions in Sketcher Mode Note: You cannot dimension the length of a centerline.For University Use Only . Place the dimension Pick twice on the circle Figure 6: Diameter Dimension on Circle Pag e 5 . To create a diameter dimension.6 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / En g i n e e r . pick on the arc or circle twice and place the dimension.

Pick on the ARC (left) Place dimension (middle) Figure 8: Radial Dimension in Sketcher Mode Sk etche d Fe atu res Pag e 5.7 . Place the dimension (middle) Pick 2 on sketched centerline Pick 3 on sketched entity once again. indicating that it is a diameter dimension rather than a radius dimension. Then pick the entity again and place the dimension. pick on the circle or arc and place the dimension.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES • To create a diameter dimension for a revolved section. Pick the entity to dimension and the centerline to use as the axis of revolution.For University Use Only . use three picks. To create a radial dimension. Radial Dimensions • Radial dimensions measure the radii of circles or arcs. Pick 1 on sketched entity Figure 7: Diameter Dimension for Revolved Section in Sketcher Mode Note: The diameter dimension for a revolved feature extends beyond the centerline.

and finally the arc. Place dimensions in indicated positions. then the other endpoint.For University Use Only . Place the dimension using the middle mouse button. Pick 1 endpoint Pick 2 -endpoint Pick 3 .8 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / En g i n e e r .on arc Place dimension Figure 10: Arc Angle Dimension in Sketcher Mode Pag e 5 . Where you place the dimension determines how the system measures the angle. Figure 9: Angular Dimensions in Sketcher Mode • To create an arc angle dimension. Pick the two lines in any order.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Angular Dimensions • Create an angular dimension between lines by picking two lines and placing the dimension using the middle mouse button. pick one endpoint.

The more specific goal is to introduce you to the Sketcher mode to extrude cuts and protrusions on a sketching plane. In Exercise 2. 1. EXERCISE 1: Creating a Cut Exercise 2: Protrusion Exercise 1: Cut Feature Figure 11: Completed Model Task 1. Open the file SKETCHED_FEATURES. Change to Hidden Line display. 3.For University Use Only . Click Feature > Create > Solid > Cut . Method In Exercise 1. you learn to define a cut feature. 2.9 .PRT.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES LABORATORY PRACTICAL Goal The general goal of this lab is to enable you to sketch new features. Sketch a cut feature within a closed section. Sk etche d Fe atu res Pag e 5. you learn to define a protrusion.

Pick top planar surface Sketching plane Figure 12: Selecting Sketching Plane Task 2. Pick the top planar surface. The feature should extrude into the part. 5. Click Extrude > Solid > Done . You enter the sketcher mode. Orient the model by selecting orientation references. 1. Task 3. 2.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 4. Note Instead of manually orienting the model. Click Okay from the DIRECTION menu. Define the front surface as the sketching plane. Accept the default One Side . Pag e 5 .For University Use Only .1 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / En g i n e e r . Leave defaults and Query Sel to pick the planar front surface of the block as the plane on which to sketch the shape of the cut. you can usually click Default in the SKET VIEW menu to enter the default sketcher mode. Click Top from the SKET VIEW menu. 1. 2.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 4. Define the section for the cut. Click the middle mouse button to finish the line. Pick this bottom surface as the first reference (selecting it on edge) Pick this side surface as the second reference Figure 13: Specifying References Task 5. To sketch a horizontal line left click to start a line drag from left to right. To delete these two references from the REFERENCES dialog box. 1.11 . 2. Next define references. Pick the bottom surface and the right side surface as references. Note that the REFERENCE dialog box entries are both Surf:F4(Protrusion). The design intent of the cut is to be at a specified distance from the right side and the bottom of the model. then left click to end the line. delete the wrong pick and try again. Sk etche d Fe atu res Pag e 5. highlight each and click the Delete button. If the REFERENCE dialog box entries appear anything other than Surf:F4(Protrusion). Note that Pro/ENGINEER automatically assumes two references. 1.For University Use Only . Click Close . 3. You may also right-click in the Sketcher window area and Query Sel .

1 2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / En g i n e e r . Click to end arc creation. Click the right end of the line as the start point for the arc and drag a 180-degree arc. Note: If you did not sketch what you wanted.For University Use Only . you can undo the operation by selecting Undo. Pag e 5 . Click Sketch > Arc > 3 Point/Tangent End .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 14: The First Sketched Line 2.

create another horizontal line segment. Figure 16: Sketching another Horizontal Line Sk etche d Fe atu res Pag e 5.For University Use Only . From the endpoint of the arc.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 15: Creating a 3 Point/ Tangent End Arc 3.13 .

Or click . Impose the Equal Length Sketcher constraint.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 4. 1. Click Sketch > Constrain > =. Figure 17: Completing Sketch Task 6.For University Use Only . 2. 3. If the sketch is over-constrained.1 4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / En g i n e e r . the DELETE CONSTRAINT dialog box appears. Next pick the two horizontal lines you want to make equal. Finally. sketch another tangent end arc that connects the open end of the second line to the open end of the first line. Figure 18 Resolve Sketch Dialog Box Pag e 5 . Make the two horizontal lines equal in length.

1. When the centerline snaps to vertical. Similarly. click the left mouse button again. Retain the Equal Lengths constraint and delete any other constraint. Task 7. 1. Figure 19 Dimensioning the Left Radius 2.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 4. Pick the perimeter of the left arc. move the cursor a short distance and click the middle mouse button to place the radius dimension. Sk etche d Fe atu res Pag e 5.15 .For University Use Only . Pick a point approximately half way between the two arc centers using the left mouse button. Sketch a vertical centerline that is symmetric on the section. 3. 3. Task 8. override the weak dimension between the arc centers by placing your own dimension from center to center. Click Sketch > Centerline . 2. Click Sketch > Dimension > Normal . Override existing weak dimensions with your own strong dimensions.

Check for the symmetric constraint symbols—two arrows indicating a symmetric constraint located about the centerline. Pag e 5 . Switch to the default view. 1. Or. Click Sketch > Dimension > Normal . Specify references to the sketched feature in default view. Pick the centerline and the side surface as shown. Place the dimension.For University Use Only . force it using the constraint menu. If Intent Manager added a dimension instead. 3. Sketching the Centerline 6.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Symmetric constraint symbols Figure 12. Pick the left arc center and Query Sel the bottom of the base feature. Press <CTRL> + <D> 2. click Undo and recreate the centerline. Place dimension.1 6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / En g i n e e r . Task 9.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Pick the centerline and this side surface Figure 20: Specifying References Sk etche d Fe atu res Pag e 5.For University Use Only .17 .

Define Material Side of the cut. Click Edit > Modify. Finish defining the cut. Pick a dimension and type in the correct number. It represents a 2-D arrow perpendicular to the screen in the direction that is into the screen (away from you). Change dimension values as in figure below.1 8 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / En g i n e e r . Click Okay to accept the arrow pointing towards the inside of the section. Click OK . Figure 21: Modified Dimensions Task 10. 4. 1.For University Use Only . Pag e 5 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 4. 2. 3. Note: Note that the system placed a circle with an X in the center of the part to indicate the direction of feature creation. Define the depth by clicking Thru All > Done . Click Sketch > Done or click the checkmark. A circle with a dot in the center represents a 2-D arrow perpendicular to the screen in the direction that is out of the screen (toward you).

Figure 22: Finished Cut Sk etche d Fe atu res Pag e 5.19 . View your new cut feature in different views.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 5.For University Use Only .

5. Click Default from the SKET VIEW menu. Click Feature > Create > Solid > Protrusion . 1. 4. The arrow points outward from the block. Pag e 5 . Specify two references for Sketcher in default view. Click View > Default 2.For University Use Only . 2. Click Extrude > Solid > Done from the SOLID OPTS menu. Toggle off the icon so that you can clearly see the block.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 2: Creating a Protrusion Task 1. 3. Click Okay from the DIRECTION menu. TOP orientation reference Sketching plane You are creating this protrusion Figure 23: The Completed Protrusion 1. Click One Side > Done from the ATTRIBUTES menu. Task 2.2 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / En g i n e e r . Pick the right side of the block as the sketching plane. Delete the two references in the REFERENCE dialog box. 6. Create a cylindrical protrusion on the right side of the model.

Pick here to query select the back surface reference Pick this top surface as a reference Figure 24: Selecting Section References 4. Pick the circle twice with the mouse and place the dimension with a middle-click. 1. 2. Pick the top and back surfaces of the model as references (as shown). 3. Task 4. Click View > Sketch View . Sk etche d Fe atu res Pag e 5. Strengthen dimensions. Task 3. Click the mouse to sketch a small circle. Click Sketch > Dimension > Normal 2.For University Use Only . Click it again to finish the circle. Define the section for the protrusion. 1. Close the REFERENCES dialog box. Click Sketch > Circle > Center / Point.21 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 3.

Change the dimension values to reflect the design Figure 25: Modified Dimensions 1. Now pick the center of the circle and the left reference surface. 2. The MODIFY DIMENSIONS dialog box appears. Click Sketch > Done or click the checkmark. Click Blind > Done from the SPEC TO menu. Task 6. Pick each of the three dimensions consecutively while holding the <SHIFT> key. 4.2 2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / En g i n e e r . 5. 2. Task 5. Define a blind depth value for the protrusion.For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 3. 3. 4. Place the dimension with a middle-click. Click the icon. Place the dimension between the center of the circle and the top reference surface. 1. Type [3] in the ENTER DEPTH window and press <ENTER>. Click Edit > Modify. Pag e 5 . Change dimension values for each as shown in the figure above.

For University Use Only . then click Yes from the dialog box. Click File > Erase > Current . View your model in different displays.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 3. Click OK . 5. Figure 26: The Finished Model Sk etche d Fe atu res Pag e 5. 4. 6. Click File > Save and press <ENTER>.23 .

parallelism and symmetricity For a sketched feature. lines. concentricity.2 4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / En g i n e e r . you learned that: • • • • Cut and Protrusion are two important features that can be sketched using the Sketcher Mode Both of these sketched features can be created in extruded and revolved forms When sketching a new feature. • Pag e 5 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODULE SUMMARY In this module.For University Use Only . arcs. you not only have to dimension it properly but also have to orient it in relation to reference planes (usually the side surfaces of the base feature). you can always sketch it as convenient and later alter the dimensions In a new sketch. perpendicularity. and circles can be constrained to different properties such as equal lengths.

Orient additional datum planes within your model. Implement default or offset datum planes as non-solid base features. Page 6-1 .For University Use Only . you learned how to add pick-and-place features and sketched features to existing parts. Create. Align sketched section entities to part entities. Objectives After completing this module you will be able to: • • • • • • Define a datum plane and explain why it is the ideal base feature. delete. you learn how to create a part from scratch starting from a base feature—a feature that acts as a foundation to capture design intent. Datum planes form the ideal base feature. and modify datum planes. In this module.Commercial Use Prohibited Module Datum Planes In previous modules. Explain the difference between internal and external datum planes.

Features that are added to the model later depend on the base feature for many or all of their references. flat reference.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES USING BASE FEATURES AND DATUM PLANES The Base Feature and Its Importance A base feature is the first feature that you create to define a part model. By default. two-dimensional. In the default mode. Figure 1: Base Features What is a Datum Plane? A datum plane is an infinite. Figure 1 illustrates the base feature for a finished part. the system displays datum Pag e 6 . It has no mass or volume. The choice of the base feature is crucial for the success of your model.2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .For University Use Only . It is the building block or foundation for the rest of the model. datum planes have two sides: yellow (or the active side) and a red side (the passive side).

While using them as a solid foundation for your model. the Datum Plane constraints are the same: Datum Plan es Pag e 6.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES planes with a yellow side and a text name such as FRONT.For University Use Only . and RIGHT. They act as planar surfaces in models that do not have any. Using Default Datums as the Base Feature When creating a new model.3 . TOP. you can define it using several different methods. You can create a datum at any time in the process of feature creation without having to back out and begin again. default datums should be the first feature you create for three important reasons: • • • They allow you to develop robust parent/child relationships. You can create additional datum planes as reference features for a model where references do not already exist. Though methods of creation differ. Defining a Datum Plane When creating a datum. Surfaces on datums to clarify orientation Figure 2: Default Datums CREATING ADDITIONAL DATUM PLANES • • • You can create default datums for creating any part by clicking the icon. you can also remove them from display.

it is beneficial to construct internal datums because the system builds their dimensions into your sketched feature. you can create an internal datum.4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . while displaying the datums only temporarily. When you use Copy/Mirror to copy features and use datum planes onthe-fly as the mirror plane. • Pag e 6 . Any associated dimensions positioning the datum plane are included with those of the feature.For University Use Only . Consider the following rules about the datum planes created on-the-fly: • • Datum planes that you create during feature creation are internal to and belong to that feature. Datum planes on-the fly become invisible after you create the feature. on the fly. This gives you more choices for varying dimensions when you create a feature pattern. when specifying sketching or reference planes. this datum plane stays visible because it can be referenced by more than one feature.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES • • • • Through/Plane Offset/Plane Offset/Coord Blend Section Internal Datums If you do not want datum planes to be a feature of your model. Sometimes.

Name the part. The third and final goal is to create Additional Datum Planes on the fly and exploring how parentchild relationships can be planned and executed. 1. The first is to prove that Datum Planes make a good base feature. Type [MOTOR_SHAFT]. you create additional datum planes and establish good parent-child relationships. Three orthogonal default datum planes. EXERCISE 1: Creating a Base Feature Task 1. 2. you will use existing datum planes as references for other new features.5 . then click Close . Click Done to exit from the SETUP menu. RIGHT and TOP.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES LABORATORY PRACTICAL Goal This lab has three goals. Method In Exercise 1. The second is to show that Datum Planes can be used as references for other features of a model. Click File > New . Create an extruded base feature starting with default datums. Click OK from the WARNING dialog box. 3. 4. In Exercise 2.For University Use Only . you create an extruded feature that is based on default datum planes. Datum Plan es Pag e 6. FRONT. appear with their yellow sides facing you. From the Menu Manager click Setup > Units > millimeter Newton Second (mmNs) > Set . In Exercise 3.

4. Use the default datums as your sketching reference for the first 1. Click Default in the SKETCH VIEW menu. 8. Click Sketch > Circle > Center/Point . The Intent Manager adds a weak diameter dimension.6 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 3: Default Datum Planes Task 2. 5. feature. Notice that the Intent Manager places references (RIGHT and TOP) for the intended protrusion automatically. Drag out the diameter of a circle and place with the left mouse button.For University Use Only . 3. Pick the intersection of the default datum planes as illustrated below. Click Close . Pick the datum tag FRONT to make it the sketching plane. Click Attributes > One Side > Done . 2. 6. Click OKAY to accept the default direction. Click Extrude > Solid > Done . Pag e 6 . Click Feature > Create > Protrusion . 7.

Accept the default Blind by clicking Done from the SPEC TO menu. Press <ENTER>. Change the diameter. 3. Click Sketch > Done . 1.For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 4: Sketched Circle at Center of Datums Task 3. Task 4. 2. Define the depth of the protrusion. Complete the feature by extruding it to a blind depth of 1. Modify the diameter dimension and regenerate the section to see the change. Type [240]. Datum Plan es Pag e 6.7 . Type [14.5]. 240mm. 2. Click Edit > Modify and double-click the diameter dimension.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 3. Click View > Default . Pag e 6 . Press <ENTER> 4.For University Use Only .8 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Change to the default view. 5. Click OK .

3. Now the RIGHT datum plane is the sketching surface. 2. use the default datums. 4. In a revolved section you need to use a centerline in the sketch to define an axis of revolution. 5. Click OKAY to confirm the direction of creation. Click and zoom in on the left end of the shaft. 1. Click Sketch > References to access it 3. Task 2. Datum Plan es Pag e 6. as shown below. Delete the two references that the Intent Manager automatically provides. Then pick the silhouette edge of the protrusion and the left end surface of the protrusion as the second and third references. As section references. 5. Pick TOP datum plane as the first reference. Pick LEFT and Query Sel the end of the cylinder nearer to you (SURF:F5 protrusion) to make the model horizontal. Close the REFERENCES dialog box. If the REFERENCES dialog box accidentally closes before you define references.For University Use Only . Click One Side > Done in the ATTRIBUTES menu. Pick RIGHT as the sketching plane. Add a revolved cut feature to the protrusion you created.9 . 1. 4.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 2: Using Default Datums as References to Other Features Task 1. Create a centerline and proceed to define the section. 2. Click Feature > Create > Cut > Revolve > Solid > Done .

Click Sketch > Dimension > Normal . 7. Pag e 6 . Figure 5: Selecting References for the Cut 6. Figure 6: Sketch for Revolved Cut (dimensions not shown for clarity) Task 3. Create the diameter dimension. Sketch three line segments.For University Use Only . Pick the TOP datum plane as the first reference. 1.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Pick the end surface as the third Pick the silhouette edge as the second reference.1 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Sketch a centerline that coincides with the TOP datum plane.

Click Edit > Modify and change the dimensions.For University Use Only . Figure 8: Modified Dimensions Datum Plan es Pag e 6. Modify the dimensions of the section. Pick the centerline. Figure 7: Creating the Diameter Dimension 3. Pick the horizontal line you sketched.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 2. Place the dimension using the middle mouse button.11 . Pick the horizontal line again.

3. Click 360 > Done in the REVOLVE TO menu. Finish defining the revolved cut on the model. Save the model.For University Use Only . Pag e 6 . Click Sketch > Done . 5. Click OK to finish the feature. click Okay. 7. 2. Click File > Erase > Current > Yes . flip the arrow to remove material from the inside of the section. Change to the default view.1 2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 4. If necessary. Click View > Default . 6. Otherwise. 1. 4.

Open the part model INTERNAL_DTM.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 3: Creating an Additional Datum Plane In this exercise.13 . Add this protrusion. Datum Plan es Pag e 6. 2. 4. Click One Side > Done in the ATTRIBUTES menu. 1. Click Make Datum > Offset in SETUP PLANE menu. Pick the planar front surface of the block as a reference for the new plane. you add a protrusion to the model by first creating an additional datum plane feature on the fly.For University Use Only . 3. Figure 9: The Completed Model Task 1. Click Feature > Create > Solid > Protrusion > Extrude >Solid > Done .PRT. Add a datum plane to the part to use as the sketching reference for the cylindrical protrusion you want to create.

Click Done .1 4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .5. In the OFFSET menu. 2. 7. Modify the distance from the left vertical surface of the base feature to 1. Flip the direction of the intended protrusion to point toward the model. Modify the dimension of the circle’s diameter to 0. Pag e 6 . Task 2. 3. Click the Circle icon from the sidebar. 4.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Offset from this front surface Figure 10: Creating a Sketching Plane 5. Finish defining the protrusion by using the datum plane as a sketching plane. Make the A_2 axis of the first cylinder the first reference. click Enter Value . Click Sketch > Done . Delete the two default references. 1. Make the top planar surface of the model to go to the top. Make the vertical surface from which the cylinder protrudes the second reference. Close the REFERENCES dialog box. 6. Type [1] as the offset value. Sketch a circle on the cylinder with its center coinciding with the A_2 axis. 5. 6.88.For University Use Only .

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 8.For University Use Only . Click Thru Next > Done in the SPEC TO menu. 10. Shade and save the model Datum Plan es Pag e 6. 9. Complete the feature.15 .

you learned that: • • • • Datum planes are infinite.For University Use Only . There are different kinds of datum planes. Datum planes act as the ideal base feature to create new parts and models. flat references that have no mass or volume. • Pag e 6 . You can build internal datum planes when you do not want the datums to be a feature of your model.1 6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODULE SUMMARY In this module. such as those that are created as Through/Plane. two-dimensional. Offset/Coord Sys. Offset/Plane. and Blend Section. Additional datum planes can be created in Pro/ENGINEER while creating a model.

Define a parent/child relationship with a Pick-and-Place feature. Objectives After completing this module. In this module. Page 7-1 . you learn how to create and alter parent/child relationships and how to achieve a desired order of feature regeneration for your model. you will be able to: • • • • Define the nature of a parent/child relationship. Redefine and Reorder options to change the original design intent. These are called parent/child relationships and they determine feature interaction.Commercial Use Prohibited Module Parent/Child Relationships In a model.For University Use Only . Change the parents of a feature in a model using the Reroute. the order in which features are created and the references that they are provided creates hierarchical relationships. Define a parent/child relationship with a Sketched feature.

The system supplies different options to select a reference. Similarly. by necessity. which is the child. resulting in different parents for the feature.For University Use Only . and orientation. Pag e 7 . Parent/child relationships determine how a feature reacts when other features in the model change. Any selection of a surface or edge for this purpose generates a parent/child relationship. the feature moves along with it. but developing the feature along all edges that are tangent to the selected one. precede others. • Tangent Chain – specifies a reference only to the selected edge. • • One by One specifies a reference to the surface that is selected and a single edge. – specifies a reference for each selected edge.2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . the sketching plane and the reference plane become parents of the new feature. the orientation of the feature changes as well. Pro/ENGINEER references it to previously defined features for information on size. location. If the sketching plane moves. solid modeling is a cumulative process where the creation of certain features must. Surf Chain – Parent/Child Relationships with a Sketched Feature When sketching a feature.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES PARENT/CHILD RELATIONSHIPS In Pro/ENGINEER. It also can create references to selected edges if the option From-To is used. Parent/Child Relationships with Pick-and-Place Features Pick-and-Place features also have parent references because they use existing geometry for location and orientation. The feature used as the reference becomes the parent to the new feature. This forms the basis for a parent/child relationship. When creating a new feature. shape. if the reference plane that determines orientation changes.

and anything specified as a reference in sketcher.3 .For University Use Only . You have two choices.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 1: Example of Parent/Child Relationship Changing the Parents of a Feature You can alter the parents of a feature by rerouting or redefining it. or click Same Ref and retain the current reference. You can either click Alternate and select a new reference. Rerouting With the Reroute option in the FEAT menu. Pro/ENGINEER highlights its external references one at a time and identifies each reference in the message area. Pa rent/ Chil d Rel ations hips Pag e 7. Note: Pro/ENGINEER considers references that you use for alignment to be dimensioning references. reference planes. you can change the parents of a feature including sketching planes. When rerouting a feature.

When you select a feature to redefine. then click Define .4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 2: Bracket with Datums Redefining The Redefine option in the FEAT menu also changes the parents of a feature. To make a change. select the elements to redefine. the same feature dialog box appears that is visible during initial feature creation.For University Use Only . Figure 3: Feature Dialog Box Pag e 7 .

You can select and redefine all of the elements listed in the dialog box. and create and delete dimensions. you can also change other elements such as direction and material-side-plane before entering Sketcher mode. you must also decide what to do with its children. the system brings you into the Resolve Environment. When you select the Section element for a sketched feature. The features that you created after sketching a section temporarily disappear. Sketch The Resolve Environment Because Pro/ENGINEER bases the definition of a feature on its parents. As you create new features. ORDER OF FEATURE REGENERATION When regenerating a model. Pro/ENGINEER regenerates features one at a time. you can select an alternate reference or retain the same reference. Pa rent/ Chil d Rel ations hips Pag e 7. in addition to being able to change the parents of a feature. add/remove constraints.For University Use Only . The system warns you if you try to delete an entity that is referenced by another feature.5 . if they exist. it adds them to the bottom of the list in the Model Tree. If the parents are missing. the feature needs its parents in order to exist or regenerate.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Working with Sketched Features When sketching a section. For each. – Allows you to use Sketcher mode to change sketched entities. Note To remove a feature from the regeneration process. the menu displays the following options: Sketch Plane – Prompts you to specify a sketching plane and reference. Therefore. you can change the sketch plane or the sketch itself. following the order in which they appear in the Model Tree.

If you click Cancel to stop inserting features.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Reorder The Reorder or Insert Mode options in the FEAT menu modify the order of the features.6 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . If you resume them. except before the first feature or after the last feature. Therefore. you can create one or more features at a selected position in the regeneration process. Note You must regenerate a parent feature before you regenerate its children.For University Use Only . you cannot reorder a parent to be after its children. the system places them after the inserted features. You can insert features at any point. After you click Activate . Or you can simply drag and drop the features in the model tree to reorder their positions. you select the feature after which to insert features. nor can you reorder a child to be before its parents. The system suppresses any features after it in the regeneration process. Pag e 7 . you must then specify if you want to resume the features that were suppressed when you activated insert mode. Using Feature Insert Mode Using the Insert Mode option.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Base caps hole Finished model Cylindrical protrusion with hole added Figure 4: Reordering the Hole Pa rent/ Chil d Rel ations hips Pag e 7.7 .For University Use Only .

For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Insert mode activated before hole Protrusion added Figure 5: Inserting the Protrusion Pag e 7 .8 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .

you move the Cylindrical protrusion on the base feature and place it on the Cut feature.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES LABORATORY PRACTICAL Goal The goal of this lab practical is to alter existing parent/child relationships in a model and create new parent/child relationships to capture changed design intent. Method In Exercise 1.For University Use Only . This involves creating new parent/child relationships for the Cylindrical protrusion. Second protrusion Cylindrical protrusion Cut Base protrusion Slot feature Figure 6: Original Model Pa rent/ Chil d Rel ations hips Pag e 7.9 .

Pick the top surface of the cut. 3. Specify a new reference for the sketching plane.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 7: Finished Model EXERCISE 1: Changing Design Intent Task 1. 4. Accept the default No. Retrieve the P_C_EXERCISE. Pag e 7 . Leave the default Alternate .1 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .PRT. Click Feature > Reroute. 1. Do not roll back the part model. Try to reroute the half cylinder protrusion to the surface of the cut feature.For University Use Only . 2. Pick the half-cylindrical protrusion.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Pick this surface as the sketching plane. Click Same Ref . 6. Task 2. Change the second dimensional reference. It states that a slot feature needed to regenerate the model is missing references. Pa rent/ Chil d Rel ations hips Pag e 7. Click Tree > Expand > All . Leave DTM3 as the horizontal reference.For University Use Only . Leave the default Alternate. 2.11 . 3. select the Parent’s List to highlight it. Pick this surface as the second dimensional Figure 8: Rerouting References for the Protrusion 5. Investigate the problem and resolve it. Read the INFORMATION window that appears. 2. Leave the back surface as the dimensional reference. 1. The model enters the Resolve environment because the changes that you have made created a problem. as shown in Figure 8. Click Info > Parent/Child. Click Same Ref . 1. Task 3. Click Undo Changes > Confirm . Pick the slot on the front side of the block. In the REFERENCE INFORMATION WINDOW dialog box. Pick the side of the model. 7. Investigate the parent/child relationships of the slot feature.

For University Use Only - Commercial Use Prohibited
NOTES

Figure 9 References Information Window

4. Select SURFACE ID 16. The front surface of the block highlights as the sketching plane. 5. Select SURFACE ID 64. The top of the cylinder highlights as the horizontal reference plane. This is an unwanted relationship. 6. Select EDGE ID 73. The bottom edge of the cylinder highlights as a dimensional reference. This reference caused the reroute to fail. 7. Select EDGE ID 47. The right edge of the second protrusion highlights as a dimensional reference. This edge was used as an alignment reference. 8. Click Close . Task 4. Break the parent/child relationship between the slot and the cylindrical protrusion. 1. Pick on the slot . Right-click Reroute from the pop-up menu. 2. Click Yes to roll back the model. 3. Retain the same sketching plane. Click Same Ref . Read the message window. 4. Leave the default Alternate . Pick the top surface of the large protrusion as the new horizontal reference plane.

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New horizontal reference New dimensional reference

Figure 10: Rerouting the Slot

5. Leave the dimensional reference to the second protrusion. Click Same Ref . 6. Change the edge of the cylinder’s dimensional reference. Leave the default Alternate . Pick the top surface of the large protrusion. Task 5. Reroute the cylindrical protrusion as planned.

1. In the Model Tree, press and hold the right mouse button while selecting Protrusion id 58. Release the button over Reroute . 2. Click NO to not roll back the part model 3. Pick the top surface of the cut as the new sketching plane. 4. Do not change the horizontal reference. Click Same Ref . 5. Do not change the dimensional reference. Click Same Ref . 6. Pick the side of the model as the second dimensional reference. Task 6. The new design intent of this model dictates that you should remove the second protrusion from the model. Try to delete it. 1. Select the second protrusion to highlight it. 2. Click Edit > Delete .

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NOTES

3. The slot highlights because it is a child of the second protrusion. Click Cancel in the WARNING window. Task 7. Break the parent/child relationship between the slot and the protrusion. In addition change the section of the slot. 1. Click Feature > Redefine . Pick the slot feature. 2. Click Section > Define > Sketch from the FEATURE dialog box. Tips & Techniques:
You can also double-click on an element to change its definition instead of highlighting and selecting Define .

3. Change the section, as shown in Figure 11. ½ ½ Pick the left vertical sketched line. Click Edit > Delete . Create a tangent end arc, as shown in Figure 11.

Delete this line segment.

Sketch this arc.

Figure 11: New Section for Slot

Task 8.

Change the dimensioning scheme of the slot.

1. Click > Explain . Pick the vertical bar constraint as shown in Figure 12. Read the message area.

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Pick this vertical bar constraint symbol

Figure 12: Interrogating a Constraint

2. Click Sketch > References > Edge: F6 > Delete > Close > Yes. Tips & Techniques:
You can easily determine external references to edges and surfaces by looking for the brown dashed line.

3. Click View > Default . . Add a dimension from the left side of the base 4. Click protrusion to the center of the left arc.

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Added dimension

Figure 13: Dimensioning the Slot

Tips & Techniques:
It is always good practice to dimension in the default view to avoid unwanted parent/child relationships.

5. Click Task 9.

> OK .

Remove the second protrusion from the design.

1. Highlight the second protrusion. Right-click and click Delete . Nothing should highlight in blue. 2. Click OK to confirm the deletion of the second protrusion.

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Figure 14: Second Protrusion Deleted

Task 10. Change the design so that the slot passes completely through the model. 1. Click Feature > Redefine. Pick the slot. 2. Click Depth > Define > Thru All > Done > OK . Task 11. Analyze the model using shading. 1. Click View > Shade . Press <CTRL> and the middle mouse button to freely spin the model. 2. Click View > Saved Views >BACK > Set > Close . Tips & Techniques:
You can also select named views directly using the Saved View list.

Note:
You may need to re-shade the model if the machine you are working on has a low-end graphics card.

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Figure 15: Slot Redefined Using the Thru All Option

Task 12. Change the holes to have a collar. 1. Look in the Model Tree and confirm that the hole pattern (listed as PATTERN) is the last feature in the model. 2. Select SHELL from the Model Tree and drag it below PATTERN. 3. Note that the holes now all have a collar. Click View > Shade to see the results.

Figure 16: Reordered Shell Feature

4. Close the model without saving the changes. Click File > Erase > Current > Yes .

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I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R

For University Use Only - Commercial Use Prohibited
NOTES

MODULE SUMMARY
In this module, you learned that: • • Parent/child relationships are hierarchical relationships within a model whose features are cumulatively built beginning with a base feature. During regeneration of a model, Pro/ENGINEER strictly follows the order in which the features were built while accounting for parent/child relationships among them. A child feature can never be regenerated before its parent feature. Well-planned and executed parent/child relationships produce robust models. To capture changing design intent, parent-child relationships between various features of a model have to be re-negotiated. For this, Reroute, Redefine, and Reorder are used as needed. By using the Insert Mode option, new features can be inserted in between features of an existing model.

• •

Pa rent/ Chil d Rel ations hips

Pag e 7- 19

For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited .

In this module. you will be able to: • • Define and create Swept features Define and create Parallel Blends Page 8-1 . you learn how to create simple sweeps and parallel blends. Objectives After completing this module. Pro/ENGINEER gives you the ability to generate other forms of solid geometry.For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited Module Sweeps and Blends In situations where you must create geometry that is too complex for simple extruded or revolved type features.

To illustrate this point. The first step in defining a sweep is always creating a trajectory.2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . that is the section does not have to end at the point of origin. closed section Pag e 8 . Figure 1 provides three different combinations of trajectories and sections. the second step is creating the cross-section while locating it with respect to the trajectory. you define its two aspects—the trajectory and the cross-section. Open trajectory.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES SWEPT FEATURES Defining a Sweep To define a sweep. The trajectory is the path along which you sweep the crosssection. Sweep Sections and Trajectories A sweep trajectory can be sketched as either open or closed.For University Use Only . Note: A sweep can add material when defined as a protrusion and remove material when defined as a cut.

each section or subsection must always have the same number of segments/vertices.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Closed trajectory. In Figure 2. each segment in each section is matched to a segment in the following section. Therefore.3 . creating the blended surfaces between the corresponding segments. closed section (No Inn Fcs) Closed Trajectory. Open Section (Add Inn Fcs) Figure 1: Sweep Trajectories and Section BLEND FEATURES Creating Parallel Blends The Blend feature consists of a series of at least two planar sections that Pro/ENGINEER joins together at their edges with transitional surfaces to form a continuous feature. You create a parallel blend from a single section that contains multiple contours. called subsections. Sw eep s and B lend s Pag e 8.For University Use Only . You can use blends as forms for either protrusions or cuts.

Pag e 8 . Pro/ENGINEER connects the start point of each section and continues to connect the vertices of the sections in a clockwise manner.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Straight transition Smooth transition Figure 2: Parallel Blends When blending the sections together.4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .For University Use Only . The Feature Tools option in the Sketch pull down menu changes the start point for any section to control the blend or twist of the blended surfaces. Or you can use the pop-up menu to select a different start point.

5 . Figure 4: Dimensioning Parallel Blend Sections Sw eep s and B lend s Pag e 8. all subsections can be dimensioned to them. since it captures the design intent of the model. As with any feature. we must toggle to distinguish between sections.The feature attribute for parallel blends is smooth or straight. Subsections can be located with respect to the other subsections via dimensions or constraints. the dimensioning scheme is important. If you began your part with three default datum planes.For University Use Only . • • The straight attribute blends the transitional surfaces from one section straight to the next. The smooth attribute connects the section with spline surfaces.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 3: Start Points and Blend Shape When creating a parallel blend. Therefore. you create all of the sections for the blend in the same sketch.

3. 3.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES LABORATORY PRACTICAL Goal By the end of this lab. Create a new part. Pick DTM3 as the sketching reference and click Okay for direction. Click Empty in the NEW FILE OPTIONS dialog box. 4. This is an effective technique to use for common sections. 1. Click Feature > Create > Solid > Protrusion. Task 2.For University Use Only . especially if they are complex. you create a Swept Protrusion. Pro/ENGINEER allows for you to create blends as protrusions or cuts. 2. Do not use the default template. Click Blend > Solid > Done . you create a Parallel Blend by first retrieving a section to be used for subsections. Method In Exercise 1. Leave the default Straight in the ATTRIBUTES menu and click Done . 4. 2. Since this is the first solid feature in the model. Accept all of the defaults in the BLEND OPTS menu and click Done . As the base feature. you will be able to create Parallel Blends and Simple Sweeps.6 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . create three default datum planes. create a parallel blended protrusion. EXERCISE 1: Creating Parallel Blend Features Task 1. As with any model a good foundation is the use of three default datum planes. 1.PRT. In Exercise 2. Create a new part named PARALLEL_BLEND. Pag e 8 . starting with three default datum planes. Click Datum > Plane . 5.

Click Top and pick DTM2 as the reference plane.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 6. Task 3. Close the REFERENCES dialog box. 2. Zoom in (about 4 X 4 grid squares) at the intersection of DTM1 and DTM2. as will the SCALE ROTATE dialog box at the top right 4. . Pick the center point of the section.For University Use Only . 7. Click in the SCALE ROTATE dialog box.SEC and click OK . DTM1 and DTM2 as section references are placed. Select BLEND. For Rotate leave the default [0. Define DTM2 as the orientation reference. Click the Refit icon Place center point of section at intersection of DTM1 and DTM2. 3. Click File > Import > Append to Model . 6. A small section will appear.0 ] and press <ENTER>. type [3. For the Scale option. 7. 5. Retrieve the first section from disk and place it. Figure 5: Placing the First Section Sw eep s and B lend s Pag e 8. 1.7 .0 ] value. move and place it so that your vertical and horizontal centerlines snap to DTM1 and DTM2 respectively.

Use the same sketch again for the third section of the blend assigning it a scale factor of 2. type [1. 3. Click Sketch > Feature Tools > Toggle Section . This time assign a scale factor of [2. Place the sections so that the centerlines are coincident with the previous section centerlines. 3.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 4. 2. but a different scale value.0]. 1.8 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .SEC section again.0] and press <ENTER>. Click Sketch > Feature Tools > Toggle Section . Retrieve the same BLEND. For Scale. 4. 2.SEC section again.0] as the rotating angle. Change the view to default. 4. Add the second section to the sketch using the same sketch. Click in the SCALE ROTATE dialog box.For University Use Only . Retrieve the same BLEND. Notice the first subsection turns gray. Pag e 8 . 5. 1. Task 5. Leave the default [0. The three sections should look as shown in figure below. 5. 6.

2. Click Sketch > Done . 1. 4.0] as the depth for the second section and press <ENTER>. Sw eep s and B lend s Pag e 8. Type [20. The blend should look as shown in the figure below except the dimensions will not be visible. Click OK .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 6: Creating the Third Section Task 6. Define the feature. 5. 3.9 .0] as the depth for the third section and press <ENTER>.For University Use Only . Type [30.

then pick a surface on the blend feature. Change the attributes to smooth. 2. Save the file and close the window. Click Attribute > Define > Smooth > Done .1 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Redefine the blended protrusion. 1. Click Redefine . 4. Finish the definition. 3.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 7: Completed Blend Task 7. Click OK . Change the shape of the transitional surfaces from a straight transition to a spline transition. Note the transitions between the subsections where Pro/ENGINEER used straight lines to attach the vertices of the subsections. Pag e 8 .For University Use Only .

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 8: Straight and Smooth Surfaces Sw eep s and B lend s Pag e 8.11 .For University Use Only .

Sketch the trajectory on DTM2 using DTM3 as the bottom reference. Define DTM3 to point towards the bottom of the monitor. 4.1 2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . starting with default datum planes. Check to see if DTM3 and DTM1 are the default references and close the REFERENCES dialog box. 3.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 2: Creating a Simple Sweep Protrusion In this exercise. Pick DTM2 .PRT.For University Use Only . Click Sketch and choose the commands to sketch the entities. a tangent arc. 5. 1. Create a new part named SWEEP. Task 2. Click . Create the base feature protrusion as a Sweep. Use a sketched trajectory. Define the sketching plane as DTM2 using the default direction. Click Bottom and pick DTM3 as the reference. 3. 2. and then two lines. then click Okay for the direction of viewing the sketching plane (view the yellow side). Create a part. Uncheck Use the default template option in the NEW dialog box and select Empty in the NEW FILE OPTIONS dialog box. Click Sketch Traj from the SWEEP TRAJ menu. 2. 1. Take note of the area of the section at the sharp corner of the trajectory. Click Feature > Create > Protrusion . Click Sweep > Solid > Done . Task 1. 6. you create a Sweep. Pag e 8 . A sweep is a two-part sketch: the trajectory is first and the cross-section follows. Place the correct dimensions. 4. Sketch an open trajectory section consisting of a line.

Sketch an inverted T cross-section. 1. Task 3. You may want to turn the sketcher grid off.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Lines Line Arc Fillet Figure 9: Showing Dimensions 7. The system has placed you in another Sketcher mode session. located at the start point. Note that the centerlines provided by the system at the start point of the trajectory. Sw eep s and B lend s Pag e 8. click Done from the SKETCH pull down menu. or click the checkmark. as shown in Figure 10.For University Use Only . Sketch the cross-section of the sweep. When you have completed the trajectory.13 . The system defines the sketching plane as a plane normal to the trajectory.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Start point is Figure 10: Sketching an Inverted “T” The default view looks as follows: Start point Trajectory Cross-section Figure 11: Default View Pag e 8 .1 4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .For University Use Only .

and mitered where there was a corner (nontangent segment) in the trajectory. Finish the feature.15 . Figure 12: The Completed Sweep Note: The sweep feature is rounded where there was an arc in the trajectory.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 2. Complete the section. The sweep should look as shown in figure below. Save the file and erase it from memory. 3. Click Sketch > Done or click the checkmark. Sw eep s and B lend s Pag e 8. Click OK to complete it. 4.For University Use Only .

• • • • Pag e 8 . The Parallel Blend feature can have either a straight attribute or a smooth attribute. When defining a Swept Feature. Sweeps can either add or remove material depending on whether they are defined as protrusions or cuts.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODULE SUMMARY In this module.1 6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . you learned that • Parallel Blends and Swept Features illustrate Pro/ENGINEER’s ability to generate forms of solid geometry other than simple extruded or revolved type features. you always have to define its trajectory and its cross-section.For University Use Only . A Parallel Blend is created from a single section that contains multiple contours called subsections.

Delete and update invalid Relations in a model to suit changes to its design intent. Objectives After completing this module. Like parameters. you have learned that the parametric nature of Pro/ENGINEER gives the designer powerful control over his design by creating geometry based on variable dimensions. they are used to drive models. Change the relation and you change the model. Re-order Relations after first creating them. Create Relations that allow your child features to drive their parent features.Commercial Use Prohibited Module Relations Previously. Relations are a way of capturing design knowledge and intent. you will be able to: • • • • • Define Relations. Page 9-1 . Describe the four different types of Relations pertaining to a model.For University Use Only .

to define values for dimensions in parts and assemblies. where d0 is always twice the size of d1.) Figure 1 represents a simple relation between the two dimensions of a rectangular feature.For University Use Only . or among assembly components.2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . specifying the location of a hole in relation to the edge of a part. Relation: d0 = 2*d1 Figure 1: Part Relation Pag e 9 . and to act as constraints for design conditions (for example. Relations capture design relationships within features or parts. Relations can be used to control the effects of modifications on models. thereby allowing users to control the effects of modifications on models.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES DEFINING PARAMETRIC RELATIONS Relations (also known as parametric relations) are user-defined equations written between symbolic dimensions and parameters.

Pattern relations: pattern.These relate different feature parameters to one another in a single part.For University Use Only . Feature relations: These relate parameters specific to one feature in These relate specific pattern parameters within a the model. /*hole centered in plate d5=d2/2 d6=d3/2 Part relations Hole centered in plate Feature relations Cam slot shape driven by relation Assembly relations Bracket centered on Figure 2: Different Relation Types Rel at io n s Pag e 9.3 . Part relations .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Types of Relations There are four types of model relations: • • • • Assembly relations .These relate different component parameters to one another using a coding symbol to designate different components.

e. Numeric parameter (i. Table 1: Elements of Relations Relation Types: Equality: d0=2*d1 Constraint: d1>= 2.. They will get more meaningful to you when you start using them later on. Parametric relations allows you to craft your model in such as way as to reverse the parent/child hierarchy. etc. Pag e 9 .e. They are an integral part of any advanced design of parts and assemblies.For University Use Only .67 Comparison: if (d4>. You can take advantage of this unique capability and use child features to drive their parent features.25) d12 = 1.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Representing Relations: Types and Symbols The table below presents the various elements that you can include in relations. 3. Skim through these elements.4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .. p1. Relations allow one feature to drive another.67) Character string parameter (i.5 else d12=1 endif Dimension Symbols d# – Part dimensions d#:# – Dimensions in Assembly mode rd# – Reference dimensions sd# – Sketcher dimensions Tolerance Symbols tm# – Minus tolerance tp# – Plus tolerance tpm# – Plus/minus tolerance Instance Symbols User Parameters Integer parameter for instances in each direction of a pattern: p0. In a traditional parent/child relationship it is the parent feature which always takes precedence (whether in dimensioning or regeneration). p2. 32-A24-67B) Yes or no parameter Model note parameter Using Relations Relations enable you to capture sophisticated levels of design intent for your models.

5 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Relations: An Illustration In the Figure 3.For University Use Only . Pro/ENGINEER automatically centers the hole in the plate and retains it at the center. even when you modify the height or width of the plate later on. you could write a relation that drives the placement of the hole so that it is centered top to bottom: /*center hole top to bottom d5=d2/2 Figure 3: Plate Showing Parameters You could then write another relationship to keep the hole centered from left to right: /*center hole left to right d6=d3/2 Once you have added these relations. Rel at io n s Pag e 9.

the system evaluates the relations and checks to see if all of them are still valid. You should always test your relations to be sure that they function correctly. the order that you enter them in is important. It is also good practice to comment your relations using the /* to document the design intent of the relations. Symbol .For University Use Only . it issues a warning. If not. During regeneration of the model. Do not wait until the end of the design process. You can change the symbolic name of a dimension by using Modify and DimCosmetics.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 4: Relations that Drive Hole Location Tips & Techniques: It is good practice to add a relation as soon as you realize that you need it in your design.6 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Order of Relations Pro/ENGINEER evaluates relations in consecutive order. Therefore. Pag e 9 .

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES The following figure illustrates the consequences of entering relations improperly: Relations added: d5=d4 After first regeneration Figure 5: Reordering Relations The design intent is to center the hole on the plate.For University Use Only . After the first regeneration of the model. are added in that order.7 . Design intent is captured by reversing the order of relations. d5 = d4 and d4 = d2/2. Relations can be deleted or edited using the Edit Rel option. The two relations. Figure 6: Model Regenerated with Relations Sorted Rel at io n s Pag e 9. the relations do not capture the desired intent. The final regenerated model looks is shown in Figure 6.

you can edit the relation in the model using a system text editor. it automatically highlights the problem and prompts you to correct it. the design intent of a model tends to change. Pag e 9 . Whenever Pro/ENGINEER encounters invalid relations during regeneration. If you have to modify or delete a relation because of a design change or an error. You can click to either delete the relation or comment it out.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Design Changes As a design cycle progresses.For University Use Only .8 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . The editor that your system uses depends on the type of workstation that you have. This may invalidate existing relations in the model.

9 . In Exercise 2. Open RELATIONS. you create relations to capture the design intent of a part. you create parameters that control features using relations. Figure 7: Symbolic Dimensions of RELATIONS. Method In Exercise 1. EXERCISE 1: Creating Relations Task 1. you learn how to create relations and how to manipulate their defining parameters.PRT Rel at io n s Pag e 9.PRT. Change to wireframe display. Center the straight hole on top of the rectangular base solid 1.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES LABORATORY PRACTICAL Goal In this lab. feature. 2. test the relations.For University Use Only . and add number parameters to them.

Task 2. Click Regenerate .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 3. For the second relation. 2. 2. Click Modify from the PART menu.1 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Start adding a relation. Type [/* center hole front to back] followed by <ENTER>. The dimensions appear in their symbolic form (i. Press <ENTER> on a blank prompt line to finish adding relations. resolve it by clicking Relations > Edit Rel .. 6. 5.For University Use Only . 3. Pick the hole to display its dimensions. The hole should move to the center of the block. Click Done from the MODEL REL menu. Note If your relation contains an error. 4.e. 6. Pag e 9 . Enter a comment to describe the function of the relation. Test the two relations by modifying the base feature width and 1. Click Relations from the PART menu. 1. Pick the block to display its symbolic dimensions. 1. depth. Task 3. Toggle between the numeric and symbolic values. d4. 2. 4. d6). Click Add from the RELATIONS menu. Type [d6 = d4/2] followed by <ENTER>. 3. d5. 5. Task 4. Click Switch Dim from the RELATIONS menu. enter comment [/* Center hole left to right] followed by <ENTER>. Type [d5 = d2/2] followed by <ENTER>. Pick the rectangular base.

Regenerate the model. Pick each dimension.0]. Pick the straight hole to display its dimensions. Type [d7 <= 11. Test the relation by modifying the diameter dimension. 3.0 ] from [50. Regenerate the model. 1. 6.25.0 ] 4. 5. Click Modify from the PART menu. 3. 5.For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 3. 4.25]. Show the dimensions of the hole. 5. 2. Regenerate the model.0 ] from [50. Task 7. 7. Change the base back to the original dimension values. 1. Pick the width of the block and change it to [70. Press <ENTER> on a blank line. Modify the depth dimension. 4. Type an appropriate comment. Pick the diameter dimension and type [15]. Pick the hole feature. 1. Identify the symbolic name given to the hole diameter (d7). Add a relation that limits the diameter of the hole to be less than or equal to 11. Task 6. and type [50. 2. 3. Confirm that the two locating dimensions are 35 and 45. Task 5.0 ]. Pick the depth of the block and change it to [90. Click Done from the MODEL REL menu. Click Relations from the PART menu. 2. Click Modify from the PART menu.11 . Click Add from the RELATIONS menu. Rel at io n s Pag e 9.

1. Figure 8: The Resumed Hole Pag e 9 . Type [Y] to continue the regeneration. pick the hole then the diameter dimension and type [10.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 4. Review the relations via the information window. 2. Continue the regeneration regardless of the warning. Click Modify. Click Feature > Resume . Close the window. Retrieve only the last set of features that were suppressed.For University Use Only . Click Relations > Show Rel . Task 9. 6.1 2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 3. Task 8. 2. Modify back to a smaller diameter. Resume a hole and counterbore that were previously suppressed. 4.0]. and click Done . Note the warning in the information window. 5. Regenerate the model. 1. Click Last Set > Done from the RESUME menu. then close it.

Click ADD. Click Part Rel from the MODEL REL menu. Regenerate the model. 5. Type [d23 = depth_ratio*d22] followed by <ENTER>. 6. 3. 4. Pick the surface of the counterbore hole. Define a real number so the depth can vary infinitely. 8. Type [/*control the counter bore depth] followed by <ENTER>. 2. 1. Click Real Number . Enter a relation to have the conterbore as deep as the hole minus the thread depth. Type [. Task 2.For University Use Only .10] followed by <ENTER>. Add a parameter to the model then control the counterbore depth using the parameter.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 2: Creating Parameters for FeatureControl Pro/ENGINEER allows for you to create parameters that can control features via relations. Type [depth_ratio] in the message area followed by <ENTER>. 3. Rel at io n s Pag e 9. 5. Press <ENTER> on an empty line. Start to add a relation. 2. 1. Click Relations from the PART menu. 7. Click Done from the MODEL REL menu. 4. Task 1.13 . Click Add Param .

4. Regenerate the model.For University Use Only .5]. Click Regenerate . Click the depth dimension and type [30]. Click Modify > Dim Cosmetics . Test your relation . 1. Task 5. 1. then click Parameters from the PART SETUP menu. Click Symbol . Click Modify and pick on the counterbore hole. Select DEPTH_RATIO and type [.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 3. 5. 3. Leave the default part and click Modify. then click Done from the MODIFY menu. 3. 1. Inspect the parameter in the model using various methods. Click Set Up from the PART menu. Pick the depth dimension and type [entire_depth]. Click Symbol and pick the counterbore hole. 2. 5. Click Done from the DIM COSMETIC menu. Change the symbolic name of the entire depth of the hole and the counterbore depth to document the design. then type [cbore_depth]. Click Setup > Parameters > Info from the MODEL PARAMS menu. Task 4. Edit the ratio parameter to change the relationship between the counterbore and hole. then select the counterbore hole. Increase the total depth of the hole. Pick depth dimension of the counterbore. 4. 6. Pag e 9 . Click Done from the PART SETUP menu. 2. 3. 2. Task 6.1 4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 1.

7. 4. Also notice that the new symbolic names are now displayed. 3.15 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 2. Notice that the system lists the relations you have defined along with the parameters. Read the information window. 5. then click Close . Click Close > Done . Save the model and erase it from memory. Rel at io n s Pag e 9. Click Relations > Show Rel . Click Done from the PART SETUP menu. 6.For University Use Only .

Part Relations. invalid or conflicting relations are highlighted by prompts for resolution. The user should always plan ahead in such as way as to make relations an integral part of the design of parts and assemblies.For University Use Only . which capture design relationships within a part or among the many component parts of an assembly. Feature Relations. The ordering of relations is crucial in capturing design intent as Pro/ENGINEER evaluates relations in consecutive order. Relations can be intelligently used to make child features the drivers of their parent features.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODULE SUMMARY In this module you learned that: • Relations are user-defined mathematical equations composed of symbolic dimensions and parameters.1 6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . During model regeneration. There are four different kinds of relations: Assembly Relations. • • • • • Pag e 9 . and Pattern Relations.

Implement patterns with three different options—Identical.Commercial Use Prohibited Module Duplicating Features: Patterns and Copy When creating complex parts and assemblies. Establish dependence among various copied features. often a need arises for duplication. and General. Varying. The design intent in these cases specifies identical features or parts to be placed at separate locations in the same model. Differentiate between Dimension Patterning and Reference Patterning.For University Use Only . you will be able to: • • • • • Duplicate existing features using two different methods— Patterning and Copying. Objectives After completing this module. This module shows you how to duplicate features using Pro/ENGINEER. Page 10-1 . Specify different location options for the Copy feature.

If you use the second direction. This pattern type is only available if the leader feature for the new pattern references the leader feature of the existing pattern. • • • • A created pattern behaves as a single feature. you can create multiple instances of a single feature that is referred to as the pattern leader. Reference Patterns With reference patterning. and the system automatically updates the whole pattern. If you do not increment a dimension value. Types of Patterns Dimension Patterns With dimension patterning. you reference an existing pattern to define the locations of the new instances. Therefore. The system automatically groups all entities belonging to a pattern together in the model tree for ease of selection. you can change pattern parameters and regenerate. Pag e 1 0. Modify the dimensions of the pattern leader.2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . the system assigns the dimension value of the pattern leader to all instances in the pattern. Reference an existing pattern. There are two ways to define the instances in a pattern: • • Increment the leader’s dimensions. you increment existing dimension values of the leader in one or two directions to specify the pattern instances. the system takes all instances that are created by the first direction and increments them in the second direction.For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES CREATING A PATTERN By creating a pattern. Benefits of Patterning The patterning method of feature duplication offers numerous benefits. The pattern is parametric.

Table 1: Patterning Restrictions Regeneration Speed Identical Varying General Fastest Moderate Slowest Varying Instances No Yes Yes Allowing Instance Intersections No No Yes 1st 1st 1st I II III Figure 2: Pattern Parameters Du p l icat in g F eat u re s: Pa t t e rn s an d Co p y Pag e 1 0. Identical Varying General Figure 1: Pattern Options Pro/ENGINEER places certain restrictions on pattern options.3 . Varying.For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Pattern Options There are three patterning options: Identical. which are represented in Table 1. and General.

For University Use Only .4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES I II III Figure 3: Pattern Parameters A B 1st 1st 2nd 2nd Figure 4: Pattern in Two Directions Pag e 1 0.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES A B Figure 5: Pattern in Two Directions Rotational Patterns of Sketched Features To create a rotational pattern for a hole. you must increment an angular dimension using radial placement. However.5 . cut. you must create an internal datum plane at an angle. Du p l icat in g F eat u re s: Pa t t e rn s an d Co p y Pag e 1 0. or rib).For University Use Only . for a sketched feature (such as a protrusion.

6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 6: Rotational Pattern of a Sketched Feature Pag e 1 0.For University Use Only .

For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 7: Rotational Pattern of a Sketched Feature Note: Do not use a sketched centerline to create the rotational dimension. Du p l icat in g F eat u re s: Pa t t e rn s an d Co p y Pag e 1 0. A sketched centerline has no direction associated with it.7 . so the pattern results may not be consistent.

Specifying Location To click a location for the copy. You must specify a location for the copy.5).For University Use Only . This option is available when you select Mirror or Move . You can retain each reference or click an alternate. pick the features to copy. FromDifModel – Selects the features to copy from a different version of the current model (for example.8 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . – Retains the same feature references. Pag e 1 0. This option is available when you select New Refs or Same Refs . Copies that you create using the FromDifModel and FromDifVers options are automatically independent.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES THE COPY FEATURE The Copy feature allows you to create new features by copying existing features to a new location.3 when the current model is xxxx.prt. – Specifies rotation and/or translation. Choosing Features To select which features to copy. select one of these options from the COPY FEATURE menu: • • • • Click – Selects features to copy from the current model. xxxx.prt. click one of these options from the COPY FEATURE menu: • • • • New Refs – Specifies new feature references. use the Independent option. FromDifVers Establishing Dependence To make the copied feature dimensions independent of their parent dimension. Same Refs Mirror Move – Mirrors the features about a planar surface or datum plane. All Feat – Selects the features to copy from a different model. and then establish dependence or independence for the copied feature’s dimensions. This option is available when you select New Refs . – Selects all features in the current model.

Mirror copies Figure 8: Instances of the Copy Feature Du p l icat in g F eat u re s: Pa t t e rn s an d Co p y Pag e 1 0. The system adds a Merge reference to the Model Tree. depend on the parent feature for their values and click the Dependent option. Model before Copy Operation 3.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES To specify that copied feature dimensions (that you have not changed).9 . Same Ref copy 1. Move copy Completed Model 2. Original model 4 New ref copy 5. you can make the entire section or individual dimensions independent by clicking Modify and Make Indep . When you create a dependent copy.For University Use Only . Tips & Techniques: If you use the Mirror Geom option instead of Copy . you can mirror all of a model’s geometry about a plane without creating new features.

In Exercise 4. you pattern the cut and then modify the angle of the slot. You will also be able to duplicate features and parts using the Copy feature. you will be proficient in creating generic Dimension Patterns. In Exercises 2 and 3.For University Use Only . and Rotational Patterns of sketched features.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES LABORATORY PRACTICAL Goal By the end of this lab. you create a reference pattern and a rotational pattern respectively. To produce the end result. Method In Exercise 1. EXERCISE 1: Creating a Dimension Pattern Model before pattern and modification Completed model Figure 9: Dimensional Pattern of a Cut Pag e 1 0. you create a dimension pattern. Reference Patterns.1 0 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . you master the Copy feature.

Click Feature > Pattern and pick the cut. You have created the pattern. Click the Hidden Line icon from the toolbar. Task 2. Increment the 10mm dimension for the first direction 4 units. When creating a pattern that will intersect different surfaces on the model. Click Done from the EXIT menu. At the prompt. Type [12] as the total number of instances in this direction.11 . Click Done from the EXIT menu. Open an existing part to be used for creating a pattern. Pick the 10 dimension describing the location of the cut on the model. Not all the instances of the cut on the model will intersect the end surface like the first cut does. Select DIM_PATTERN. Open the dim pattern part model.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 1. 4.PRT and click Open . you should use the varying option. Using patterns allows for you to duplicate features easily. then click Done . Click Varying from the PAT OPTIONS menu. type [4] as the incremental value between pattern members. 2. 3. Du p l icat in g F eat u re s: Pa t t e rn s an d Co p y Pag e 1 0. but not intersect itself. 1. Change to hidden line display. Create a total of 12 cuts in the pattern. Do not add a second direction to this pattern. Tips & Techniques: You can access the FILE OPEN dialog box by clicking the Open icon on the toolbar 2. Create a varying pattern of cuts. 1. Click File > Open .For University Use Only .

Modify the angle of the leader to change the angle of the entire pattern. Pag e 1 0.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 10 Varying Pattern Task 3. Save the model and erase it from memory.For University Use Only . 2. Regenerate the model. Pick the cut. 3. 1. Making changes to the first instance of a pattern will modify the other instances.1 2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Pick the 45-degree dimension and type [-45] as the new value. Click Modify.

For University Use Only .13 . create the square slot on the leader feature. you create a reference pattern using the part shown in Figure 11. To create the end result. and pattern the square slot by referencing the hole pattern. consider the amount of time you are saving because you did not have to create these features separately.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 2: Creating a Reference Pattern In this exercise. As you create these features. you pattern the hole. Model at start Figure 11: Reference Pattern Du p l icat in g F eat u re s: Pa t t e rn s an d Co p y Pag e 1 0. Try modifying the parametric dimensions to observe how the pattern updates.

Pick the 20 dimension and type [20] as the new value. Select an appropriate reference plane. 4. Task 2. Click Create > Cut . Click the Hidden Line icon from the toolbar.PRT. Task 3. 8. 5. Open file REF_PATTERN. 5. click Done from the EXIT menu. 3. Since this is the only dimension that you are going to increment in the first direction. Type [3] as the total number of instances. Click Extrude > Solid > Done .1 4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 2. Create a square cut on the leader feature of the pattern. Create an identical pattern of holes in two directions. 7. Since this is the only dimension that you are going to increment in the second direction. 2. Pag e 1 0. 3. Pick the top surface of the protrusion as the sketching plane. 1. Type [2] as the total number of instances in this direction. 6. Click Pattern from the FEAT menu and pick the hole to pattern. Click Done . click Done from the EXIT menu. 6. Specify the axis A_1 as a reference. Now pick the 10 dimension and type [20]. 1. Reference patterns use other patterns to determine their location. Click Okay from the DIRECTION menu to make cut into the solid. Leave the default One Side . so that you can create a reference pattern of it. Click Done from the PAT OPTIONS menu to accept Identical . 2. Delete the current references.For University Use Only . 1.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 1. 4.

Change the depth value. 1. Modify the width to 10mm. Click Done to accept the Blind default. Exit from sketcher. Complete the feature.5] as the depth value.15 . Work on the leader figure shown. 5. Click OK . 3. Sketch vertical and horizontal centerlines passing through axis A_1. Du p l icat in g F eat u re s: Pa t t e rn s an d Co p y Pag e 1 0.For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 4. Sketch a square centered on axis A_1 making sure Intent Manager makes the assumption of equal line lengths and symmetry. Sketch the section shown in Figure 12. Figure 12: Section for Slot 4. Click . 6. 2. so that it can act as the reference feature later. Remove the material to the inside of the cut. 7. 8. Type [2. The model regenerates automatically.

Save the part and erase it from memory. Click Ref Pattern > Done . Define the pattern using the leader reference. In the Model Tree. 3. hold the right mouse button down over Cut id 1205 and select Pattern in the pop-up menu. Create a reference pattern of the cut feature.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 5. Pag e 1 0.1 6 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 2. 1.For University Use Only .

The base feature has already been defined for you in another directory. Note: You are going to use the blower part later in an assembly.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 3: Creating Rotational Patterns of Sketched Features In this exercise. 1.For University Use Only . To create the radial pattern. Figure 13: Blower Base with Dimensions Shown Du p l icat in g F eat u re s: Pa t t e rn s an d Co p y Pag e 1 0. 3. Open the part model called blower. Select BLOWER. so be sure to save it.17 . Retrieve the model and setup the environment for creating the first protrusion. you pattern blower fins radially about a part’s central axis. Click Open . 2. Turn on the environment display of the axes if they do not appear on the screen using the toolbar. Task 1. Click File > Open > Project . you create a datum “on the fly” and use an angular datum as the sketch’s reference plane to act as the controlling dimension of the pattern.PRT. Turn on the environment display of the datum planes if they do not appear on the screen using the toolbar.

Make sure you do not specify DTM3 or DTM1 as a reference. 11. 10. Click Okay. Click Make Datum from the SETUP PLANE menu. 6. Click Angle . Specify the references as the outer edge of the circular protrusion and the datum you just created. Start the definition of the internal angled datum. Extrude one side of the sketching plane. you should sketch your sections large. 7. Sketch the section as shown in Figure 14. then modify the dimensions to change the size of the model. 8. Create a datum plane through the center axis. Accept the default direction of creation. Click Through . with an angle associated with it. Tips & Techniques: To help aid you in your sketching. 2. Define the orientation reference as the bottom. Create the rotational pattern of blower blades. then pick DTM3 . 9. 3. 5.For University Use Only . Type a value to define the angle. Pag e 1 0. then pick axis A_1. Leave the default One Side. Pick the top face of the disk as the sketching plane for blower blades. 4. 1. Click Feature > Create > Solid > Protrusion . Start defining a solid protrusion. Create the datum at an angle to DTM3.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 2.1 8 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Make sure that the bottom straight edge has a constraint of perpendicular to the outer edge of the base protrusion. Define the shape of the protrusion and create the first blade. Click Bottom from the SKET VIEW menu. Done. Click Enter Value and type [30]. and click Done . Click Extrude > Solid > Done . Create a horizontal/vertical reference plane for sketching.

Section Make Datum for horizontal reference Figure 14: Sketch of Blower Blade Du p l icat in g F eat u re s: Pa t t e rn s an d Co p y Pag e 1 0.For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 12. Tips & Techniques: Click OK from the dialog box after all elements have been defined by using the middle mouse button.5] as the protrusion depth value. Type [73.19 . Add the dimensioning scheme as shown in Figure 14.

Start the creation of the pattern. Click Pattern and pick the blade protrusion.2 0 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 3. 7. Click Done . 1.For University Use Only . Pattern angle Original angle Figure 15: Pattern of Blades Pag e 1 0. 3. Type [60]. Pattern the blower blade protrusion in one direction using a varying pattern. By creating protrusions using an internal angled reference plane. 5. 6. Type [6] as the number of instances. Click Done from the EXIT menu. Do not create instances in the second direction. 4. Define the increment value to be 60 degrees. Do not define any other dimensions to increment. Click Varying > Done . Create a varying pattern since the blades will not intersect themselves. 2. then press <ENTER>. Use the angle of the datum plane to orient the part as the pattern creation direction. Create 6 instances of the pattern. you can now use the datum dimension to create a radial pattern. Pick dimension 30 .

Click View > Model Tree Setup > Highlight Model . 12. Click the + symbol before Pattern (Protrusion) entry. thus constraining to lie on that edge. Note which protrusion highlights. 7. 3. 2. 6. Sketch a concentric circle to the base solid feature using the flyout icons. Du p l icat in g F eat u re s: Pa t t e rn s an d Co p y Pag e 1 0. Click icon to repaint the screen whenever needed. Define the sketching plane as the top surface of the leader. Click the middle mouse button to exit from creating circles. Using the MODEL TREE.21 . 11. Define the protrusion as extruded on one side of the sketching plane. 5. Drag the mouse so that the circle snaps to the outer edge reference. 9. Create the blower top. Tips & Techniques: It is always good practice to reference the lead feature of a pattern when referencing pattern instances. delete references then sketch without defining references.For University Use Only . The design calls for the air to flow into the blower from the top but to have support for the blades. Accept the default direction for creating the protrusion. Click an appropriate orientation reference. 8. 10. If necessary. and One Side from the ATTRIBUTES menu.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 4. Expand the pattern. Click Feature > Create > Solid > Protrusion . 1. determine which instance is the leader. Create a protrusion. 4. Pick the outer circular edge of the base protrusion. Select the first protrusion from the expanded list. The system will select the edge as a specified reference and start the creation of a circle. Click Close > OK . Click Extrude > Solid > Done from the SOLID OPTS menu.

Pag e 1 0. Type [80. 2. 15. 14. 6. Sketch a circle with the center on the intersection of the two datums. Extrude the cut one side of the sketching plane.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 13. Click One Side > Done from the ATTRIBUTES menu. Refer to figure below. Define the references as DTM1 and DTM3. Exit from sketcher. Use the Default orientation. Click OK . 7. 5. 3.5] as the blind depth value. Modify the diameter.2 2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Click Feature > Create > Solid > Cut . Click . 4. Click Extrude > Solid > Done from the SOLID OPTS menu. Sketch on the top surface of the blower.00] as the new value. 1. Define a cut to allow the air to pass into the blower.For University Use Only . Type [2. Start the creation of a cut feature. Figure 16: Adding the Top Protrusion Task 5. Model regenerates.

9. Exit from sketcher. Specify the depth. and One Side > Done from the ATTRIBUTES menu. Remove the material to the inside of the section. Sketch on the bottom surface of the blower using an appropriate orientation reference. Click Create >Solid > Protrusion . 11. 1. 3.For University Use Only . Figure 17: The Sketched Cut Task 6.23 . 10. Extrude the protrusion on side of the sketching plane. 2. Click OK to finish. Du p l icat in g F eat u re s: Pa t t e rn s an d Co p y Pag e 1 0. The blower model needs a mounting boss located on the bottom of it. Click Extrude > Solid > Done from the SOLID OPTS menu. 12. Click .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 8. Click UpTo Surface > Done from the SPEC TO menu. Start the creation of a solid protrusion. Add a mounting boss using a solid protrusion. Pick the under side of the top protrusion.

In the depth one option. Figure 18: Circular Boss Task 7. then pick the axis line. Capture the design intent of being coaxial to the boss. Type [15] as the diameter value. Define the hole with a straight taper in the HOLE dialog box. sketch a circle section with its center at the intersection of the datums. 5. Click OK .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 4. click Thru All > Done . Click Sketch > Done . Pag e 1 0. Type [30] as the new value. 7. Pick the center axis as the primary reference. 6. 1. Press <ENTER>. 3.2 4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .For University Use Only . Click Blind > Done to specify the depth. 8. 2. 4. Type [25] as the new value. 5. Click Feature > Create > Solid > Hole . Add a mounting hole through the circular boss you just created. Using the default datum planes as references. Modify the diameter. 9.

Figure 20: The Completed Blower Du p l icat in g F eat u re s: Pa t t e rn s an d Co p y Pag e 1 0. Pick the top surface of the boss as the placement plane. Save the model.For University Use Only . 2. Figure 19: Placing the Hole Task 8.25 . Finish by saving the model and erasing it from memory. 7. Build the feature. Click File > Erase > Current . 1. Erase the model from memory. Click File > Save . You have now completed the blower model for your project lab.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 6.

2 6 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Model before Copy operations Finished model Figure 21: Copying Features Pag e 1 0.For University Use Only . as shown in Figure 21. you duplicate existing features on the model by copying.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 4: Copying Features In this exercise.

Click Done . Pick the 125. then press <ENTER>. Complete the copy. 8. Define the copy as dependent on the original. Du p l icat in g F eat u re s: Pa t t e rn s an d Co p y Pag e 1 0. 1.00. type [410.00] . then press <ENTER>. 7. and regenerate. Retrieve an existing model and copy some of the features. 6.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 1. Task 3.27 . Click Done .PRT. Change the display to hidden line. Task 2. You can make copies either independent or dependent. type [75. 5. Modify the length of the slot back to 125. Click Modify and pick the parent slot. Use the existing references that the current feature has. 1. 9. 2. Click Done from the SELECT FEAT menu. Click Dependent > Done . Experiment with modifying dimensions.00] as the new value. Click Same Refs . type [0. Create a dependent copy of the lower right slot. Click OK . For Dim 3.For University Use Only .00]. as described in the previous step. Return to the higher level menu. Click Feature > Copy. For Dim 1. Start the copy operation. Open the part file FEATURE_COPY_MIRROR. 2. The selection you make will be based on you design intent. Modify the length of the slot. Pro/ENGINEER supplies you with various options to duplicate features in a mode. 3. 4. 2.00 dimension. Pick the slot. Pick the 65-inch dimension and the 45-degree angle (Dim 1 and 3). 1. then make the copy independent of the parent slot.

Mirror about DTM1 to create independent copies of all of the features in the model. Task 4. Save the model and erase it from memory. Pro/ENGINEER allows you to break the dependency between copied features to support design change. Break the dependency between the two slots. 2.00]. Type [30. then click Done . 6. Pick the copy. Click Make Indep from the MODIFY menu. 3. Mirror all of the features to complete the part using Copy.2 8 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Pick DTM1. Note that the angle of the copy does not change because you broke the dependence of that dimension when you modified it to create the copy. 4. Pag e 1 0. 4. You have the ability to mirror the entire model by using various options. Change the angle of the parent slot to back to 45 degrees. All of the copy’s dimensions are now independent of the parent slot. Click Mirror > All Feat > Independent from the COPY FEATURE menu. The model should now appear as shown in Figure 21. then click Section from the MAKE INDEP menu. 5. Modify the 45-degree angle of the parent slot. Click Copy from the FEAT menu.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 3. 1.For University Use Only . Change the copy so that its entire section is independent of the parent slot.

Varying. There are three Pattern options: Identical. Dependence/Independence can be established between copied entities. Patterning is of two kinds: Dimension Patterning and Reference Patterning. Du p l icat in g F eat u re s: Pa t t e rn s an d Co p y Pag e 1 0. you learned that: • • • • • Duplication is important for capturing design intent and Pro/ENGINEER enables it through Pattern and Copy.29 . In the Rotational Pattern for a hole. the angular dimension must be incremented using radial placement.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODULE SUMMARY In this module. and General.For University Use Only .

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the system updates other drawing views accordingly. you can create drawings of all Pro/ENGINEER models or import files from other systems. Sheetmetal. Assembly. corresponding drawings also reflect any changes that you make to a model (such as the addition or deletion of features and dimensional changes) in Part. Pro/ENGINEER associates drawings with their parent models. All model views in the drawing are associative: if you change a dimensional value in one view. In addition.For University Use Only . or Manufacturing modes. Objectives After completing this module. Page 11-1 . The model automatically reflects any dimensional changes that you make to a drawing. you will be able to: • • • • Describe the different types of drawing views in Pro/ENGINEER Create a production drawing for an existing part model Explore the associativity that exists between a model and its drawing Create dependency between certain drawing views.Commercial Use Prohibited Module Drawings and Views Using Drawing mode within Pro/ENGINEER. Moreover.

Using the ORIENTATION dialog box. Auxiliary – A view created by projecting 90 degrees to an inclined surface. and specify an orientation: • • • With a portrait orientation. assign an associated model. select the sheet size.2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . When first placed. the system uses the larger sheet dimension as the height and the smaller one as the width. or left. the system uses the larger sheet dimension as the width and the smaller one as the height. Pag e 1 1. you can reorient it during placement. Types of Views The five primary view types available in the VIEW TYPE menu (illustrated in figure below) are: • • Projection – An orthographic projection of an object as seen from the front. Adding Drawing Views After selecting a format or specifying a sheet size.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES DRAWING FUNDAMENTALS Creating a Drawing After selecting Drawing from the NEW dialog box and assigning it a name the NEW DRAWING dialog box will open. With a landscape orientation (the default setting). or along an axis. Note: You should always use default datums to orient a general view. The format that you select will automatically define the sheet size and orientation. With a variable orientation. You also have the ability to assign a predefined company format. you can add views to your drawing using the Views option. right. the system uses values that you specify for the height and width of the drawing sheet. The first view must be a general view. top. datum plane. This dialog box gives you multiple options in which you can.For University Use Only . it appears in the default view orientation.

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• •

– A view that you orient and is not dependent upon any other view for its orientation.
General Detailed – A view that you create by taking a portion of an existing view and scaling it for dimensioning and clarification purposes. The boundary for the detailed view can be a circle, ellipse (with or without a horizontal or vertical major axis), or a spline. Revolved – A planar area cross-section revolved 90 degrees about the cutting plane line and offset along its length.

Figure 1: The Five Main Types of Views Specifying How Much of the Model Is Visible

Using other options in the VIEW TYPE menu, you can specify how much of the model is visible in the view, as shown in the next figure. • • • •
Full View Half View

– Shows the entire model.

– Shows only the portion of the model on one side of a datum plane.
Broken View

– Removes sections from large objects between two points and moves the remaining sections close together.

Partial View – Shows only the portion of the view that is contained within a boundary.

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Figure 2: Specifying How Much of the Model to Make Visible

Adding a Cross Section
To determine if the view is of a single surface or has a cross-section, use these VIEW TYPE menu options: • • •
Section No Xsec

– Displays a cross-section for a particular view. – Does not display a cross-section. – Displays only the selected surface of a particular view

Of Surface

orientation. The following figure illustrates the various types of cross-sectional views that you can create using the XSEC TYPE menu.

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Figure 3: Cross-Sectional Views

Manipulating Views
Using various options in the VIEWS menu, you can:

Move Views
Use the Move View option. You can move general and detailed views anywhere on the sheet, but you can move projection, auxiliary, and revolved views only along their line of projection.

Delete Views
Use the Delete View option. Parent views—views used to create projection views—cannot be deleted. Instead, they have to be erased with the Erase View option. Restore erased views using Resume View .

Change Display Modes
Use Disp Mode option to display views independently of the Environment dialog setting such as Wireframe , Hidden line , and No Hidden . For example, show some views with hidden lines and others with no hidden lines. Any views that you establish with this option remain at the same setting regardless of any changes that you make to the ENVIRONMENT dialog box settings.

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Modify Scale Values
Certain views you can place using the Scale option. Those views have their own scale parameters that you can change using the Modify option. When you modify them, only those views and their children change; the change does not affect the other views in the drawing.

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LABORATORY PRACTICAL
Goal
The goal of this lab is to enable you to create drawings of solid parts, experiment with VIEWS and DETAIL menus, and explore the associativity between drawings and part models.

Method
In Exercise 1, you create a drawing of a Gear Part. You will explore various options available with the VIEWS and DETAIL menus. Then you modify the drawing in different ways and regenerate to explore its associativity with the solid Gear Part.

EXERCISE 1: Creating a Drawing
In this exercise, you create a drawing of a solid part. Take this opportunity to experiment with the VIEWS and DETAIL menus to become more familiar with the functions that are available with each. After you set the views, you return to Part mode and create a feature on the gear part. You then retrieve the drawing to view an example of the associativity between the drawing and the part model.

Second view

Third view First view

Fourth view

Figure 4: Gear Part Drawing

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Task 1. Create a landscape A size drawing called gear and associate it to the gear part model. 1. Click File > New from the pull-down menus. In the NEW dialog box, click Drawing , type [GEAR], and click OK . 2. Do not use a template. 3. Select EMPTY from the SPECIFY TEMPLATE section. 4. Click Browse in the CREATE DRAWING dialog box, and select GEAR.PRT as the name of the Default Model. 5. Click Landscape as the orientation. 6. Specify the sheet size. Select A from the STANDARD SIZE dropdown list. 7. Click OK to finish. Task 2. Create and orient the first view of the gear model using a general view. 1. Click Views from DRAWING menu. The system automatically prompts you to create a general view. Accept the default values Full View, No Xsec, and No Scale. Click Done from the VIEW TYPE menu. 2. Pick a location for the general view. Do not be too concerned with the placement; you can move the view later. 3. Place the view in the orientation shown in Figure 4 and as detailed in the following steps. 4. Select ORIENT BY REFERENCE from the TYPE drop-down list. 5. Select DTM3 for Reference 1. 6. Leave the default Top. Select DTM2 as top for Reference 2. If you make a mistake, click Undo . 7. Click OK to finish view creation. Task 3. Move the general view that you just created.

1. Click Move View from the VIEWS menu.

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2. Pick the view to activate it; then pick a new location for it. Experiment with moving the view. Finally, position the view toward the left side of the sheet. Task 4. Add the second view, shown in Figure 4, as a projection view using the general view as its parent. 1. Click Add View from the VIEWS menu. 2. Pro/ENGINEER defaults to projected views after defining the first general view; use the defaults to define the view. Leave the defaults of Projection, Full View, No Xsec, and No Scale. 3. Click Done . 4. Place the projection view by picking a location above the first view near the top of the sheet. Pro/ENGINEER automatically bases the orientation on the general view’s orientation. Task 5. Add the auxiliary view, in Figure 4, with a cross section displayed. This part has a previously created cross section through it. 1. Click Add View > Auxiliary > Full View > Section > No Scale > Done . 2. Define a cross section through the entire view. Click Full > Total Xsec > Done . 3. Pick a location to the lower right of the first view to place the cross section view. 4. Use DTM4 as the plane to setup the view orientation. When the system prompts you to pick an edge of, axis through, or datum plane as the front surface on the main view, pick DTM4. It was defined through the main axis and normal to the small hole axis. Note:
Do not concern yourself with the view location; you can move it later.

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Task 6. The system also allows you to use cross sections that have been defined in part mode. The gear contains the cross section, C, that you can use for this view. 1. Use the predefined cross section C. Leave the default Retrieve and pick C from the XSEC NAMES menu. 2. Specify a view in which to display the cutting arrow. Pick the first general view you created. Note:
You can create cross sections in the drawing if you have a license for the optional add-on module Pro/DETAIL.

Task 7. Change the cross-hatching to improve its display on the drawing. 1. Exit to the highest level menu. Click Done/Return from the VIEWS menu. 2. Change the cross-hatching. Click Modify > Xhatching . 3. Pick the cross section view. Click Done Sel . 4. Change the spacing. Click Spacing > Half > Half . 5. Change the angle of the cross hatching to be horizontal. Click Angle from the CROSS XHATCH menu, then click 0 . 6. Complete the modification. Click Done .

Figure 5: The Modified Cross Hatching

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In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R

75. 12. the last general view. 9. Change the display of the projected and auxiliary view. Click Edge/Axis from the REFERENCE drop-down list. leaving the other defaults. 2. Click OK from the ORIENTATION dialog box. 3. Finish the orientation. Change the display of views. Pick a location toward the upper right of the drawing to place the view. If you make a mistake. Click General > Scale > Done .For University Use Only . Click Horizontal from the REFERENCE drop-down list. Select DTM2 as top for Reference 2. Click View Disp . 10. Change the projected view in the upper-left corner. 2. click Undo . Type [30] for the angle followed by Apply. Click Angles from the TYPE drop-down menu 8. Type [45] for the angle followed by Apply. 6. 13. Change the display of hidden and tangent edges from the default settings. Add another view as an isometric . 7. and the auxiliary view so that they do not have any hidden lines. Select DTM3 for Reference 1.11 . Leave the default Top. Click Disp Mode from the Menu Manager. Orient the model so that datum 3 is parallel to the screen. Click Orient By Reference from the TYPE drop-down list. Scale the view to . Pick the upper left view: then pick the lower middle view with the cross section.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 8. 5. 3. Click Done Sel . Task 9. 1. D raw ing and Vi ew s Pag e 1 1. 1.75] followed by <ENTER>. Pick the vertical left edge of the gear. Type [. 11. 4. Click Views > Add View .

Click the two views followed by Done Sel . click Hidden Line > Tan Solid > Done . 2. Click Move View in the VIEWS menu and select the projected view (denoted as Second View in Figure 4). 5. Projected and auxiliary views are children of their parent view.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 4. Pag e 1 1. Type [. 4. Save the drawing file. Click the icon from the toolbar. Click Modify and select the sheet scale value 0. Note: The upper left view is projected and the cross section view is an auxiliary view. Task 11. Reposition the projected view. Click the the toolbar. Change the display back to hidden line. Click No Hidden > Tan Solid > Done from the VIEW DISP menu. icon from Task 10. 7. 1. 3.For University Use Only .500 located immediately after SCALE in the lower left corner of the screen. Set the display settings to not display hidden lines and display tangent edges as solid. therefore. Click Done/Return to return to the highest menu.625]. Change the display of the isometric and general view to display tangent edges as solid and hidden lines. Pick the view and move to new a location. Place the view using the left mouse button. Change the environment display to wireframe. 2. Do not erase the drawing. Modify the scale value for the sheet. 6. Notice that there is no change in the display of the views. Experiment with moving these view types 1. you cannot move them independently of the lower left view. Pro/ENGINEER bases their placement on the first view. Now.1 2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .

3. Click File > Close Window . 2. Recall that the drawing is fully associative to the part model. Retrieve the gear part into a working window. then select GEAR.PRT.13 . GEAR.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 12. Return to the gear part Click Window and select GEAR. If the model changes the drawing will automatically update. Pro/ENGINEER does not automatically save to disk any change that you have made to the model. The system erases the gear drawing.PRT. Task 13.For University Use Only . 3. Delete the hole feature. Note that the hole appears in all of the views. 2. 4. 1. Create a straight hole on the flat surface of the slot feature. 4.DRW is used again in the next exercise. Click Open from the FILE pull-down menu. Create a feature on the gear part to view the associativity between the part model and the drawing. Note: You can choose the dimension and attributes of the hole. 1. Close the GEAR PART window. Click Window and select GEAR. D raw ing and Vi ew s Pag e 1 1. 5. Erase the drawing and the part without saving the hole feature.DRW. Activate the DRAWING window and select GEAR. Click Erase > Current > Select All > OK . since you are going to delete it later. A simple way to revert back to the last saved version is to erase the model from memory without saving. Save before erasing both files from memory. Activate the GEAR DRAWING window again.DRW.

Broken View. and Partial View. Pag e 1 1. Half View. General views can have their own scale.1 4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . The principle of associativity works between solid part models and their drawings.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODULE SUMMARY In this module. Default datum planes should always be used to orient the first general view. General views can be in any orientation and placed using the default view. you learned that: • • • • • • • • • There are five primary Drawing View types: Projection.For University Use Only . Detailed. Auxiliary. View types have four further sub-options: Full View. Cross sections can be created in part mode or drawing mode during view placement. Views can be moved and deleted. their display modes can be changed and scale values modified. and Revolved. General views are not dependent on any other view. and saved views from part mode.

and other production personnel. you learn about the Detailing of these drawings. This Detailing is important as a method for communicating design intent to machinists. Investigate the associativity of the drawing to the part by modifying dimensions on the drawing. tables. you will be able to: • • Create a production drawing that will detail dimensions. In this module. notes. Objectives After completing this module. Page 12-1 . and geometric tolerances.For University Use Only . mold makers.Commercial Use Prohibited Module Additional Detailing and Associativity You have learned about the importance of creating Drawing Views of solid part models.

additional dimensions in the drawing will need to be created to convey additional information. Two Types of Dimensions Though there are several types. This associativity allows fast and efficient design development. Feature Dimensions have many options: • • • Show All View – Shows all dimensions for the model. – Shows the dimensions of a selected feature. Therefore the redundancy of designer and draftsman duplicating the same dimensions is eliminated.2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / En g i n e e r . However. Drawing and Solid Model: Need for Consistency Once the driving dimensions in the drawing are in place. they are fully modifiable and changes are immediately reflected in the model. When you make changes to the model in Part or Assembly mode. in some cases as in manufacturing. In the drawing. they only appear in a single view to prevent double dimensioning.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES CAPTURING DESIGN INTENT Detailing the Drawing Once the views are created on a drawing. in this module you will learn how to place Feature Dimensions and Driven Dimensions. Creating Feature Dimensions Feature dimensions are created in the actual part and assembly models. showing the dimensions are usually just a click of a button. – Shows all dimensions of a selected view. Feature Pag e 1 2. any changes that you make to the model in Drawing mode become immediately visible on the model in other modes.For University Use Only . the system automatically updates the drawing and reflects the changes. likewise.

For University Use Only . you can delete them from a drawing. – Allows you to select specific dimensions that you do not want to remain shown. However.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES • • • Feature & View – Shows all dimensions of a selected feature in a selected view. the system defaults to previewing the dimensions that are shown. Creating Driven Dimensions Dimensions that you actually create in Drawing mode are known as Driven dimensions. Select to Remove Accept All – Shows all of the dimensions that have been shown after exiting the dialog box. Erase All – Discards all the selected shown dimensions. Use Mod Attach to locate dimensions of rounds and chamfers on another reference of the same feature. The options for preview are as follows: • • • • Select to Keep – Allows you to select specific dimensions that you want to be kept shown after exiting the dialog box. you can use options in the DETAIL menu to manipulate them in various ways: • • Use Move Text to relocate the dimension text along the dimension or leader elbow line. Addit ional D eta iling and A ssoc iati vity Pag e 1 2-3 . click Create from the DETAIL menu and Dimension from the DETAIL ITEM menu. – Shows the dimensions of a selected part in a selected Part & View view. you cannot modify driven dimensions in a production drawing because their values are based on the part model. Modifying and Deleting Driven Dimensions In contrast to feature dimensions. Part – Shows the dimensions of a selected part. Preview When showing dimensions using the SHOW/ERASE dialog box. To create them. Manipulating Dimensions Once you have displayed dimensions in a drawing. then pick the desired geometry.

and text styles. text justification.For University Use Only . Use Break to break an extension line. To change a dimension value in a Parametric Note. it is referred to as a Parametric Note. To specify parameter information. Use Align to align dimensions. choose Modify from the DRAWING menu and select the value.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES • • • • • Use Switch View to move a dimension to another view. Pag e 1 2. where # is the dimension ID. Use Flip Arrows to flip arrows inside or outside the extension lines. Parametric Notes When you include a dimension or parameter in a note. Instance number – &p#. The NOTE TYPES menu allows you to specify leaders. Use Clip to clip extension lines to a selected location. Creating Drawing Notes Use the Note option in the DETAIL ITEM menu to create drawing notes by either typing them in or pasting from a text file. use the following format: • • • Dimensions – &d#. where # is the parameter ID (for example. &p0). User-defined parameters – &xxxxx. where xxxxx is the symbolic name of the parameter.4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / En g i n e e r .

1.For University Use Only . Retrieve the gear drawing GEAR. icon.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES LABORATORY PRACTICAL Goal In this lab. then Addit ional D eta iling and A ssoc iati vity Pag e 1 2-5 . Click Show/Erase in the DETAIL menu. 3. EXERCISE 1: Detailing the Gear Part Drawing Task 1. In the SHOW/ERASE dialog box.DRW. once again. you will retrieve the gear part drawing that you started earlier. you will create additional detailing and. manipulate its dimensions and create notes. first click the select View in the SHOW BY options. To begin the detailing process. show the model dimensions. Method In Exercise 1. Figure 1: Gear Drawing with Dimensions 2. test associativity.

1. Pick the 76. Note By right-clicking Move .66 dimension and move the cursor to another location.6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / En g i n e e r . Task 2. Pick the left view. 2. 3. Close the dialog box. Click Done Sel . Clear the Create Snap Lines check box. 8. Task 3. then click Done Sel . 7. Clean up the display of dimensions. Click Move Text from the DETAIL menu. Pag e 1 2. 1.For University Use Only . Click Done/Return in the TOOLS menu. 6. Pick another dimensions and move them to other locations. 5. 4. you can change the extension line lengths of dimensions. 5. 2. Click Apply > Close . Now pick the lower left general view on the screen. Note Recall that you cannot delete a driving dimension from a drawing. Change the location of the text with respect to the leader lines.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 4. Repaint the screen. Some of the arrowheads of the dimensions in the lower left vieware outside the extension lines. as well as flip arrows. 6. Move the dimensions. Click Flip Arrows from the DETAIL menu and pick the appropriate dimensions. Accept all of the shown dimensions. Click Tools > Clean Dims in the DETAIL menu. 9. Click Move in the DETAIL menu.

Or you can click Accept All . Click Show . 12. 2. Addit ional D eta iling and A ssoc iati vity Pag e 1 2-7 . 9. Enable the display of dimensions for the section view and clean up their display. Choose Done Sel from the GET SELECT 1 menu. Close the SHOW/ERASE dialog box. 2. 4. 8. 14. Click Tools > Clean Dims . 7. 13. 1. 3.For University Use Only . Repaint the screen. Task 5. then click Apply > Close . Pick the projected view in the upper left-hand corner of the drawing. 3. 4. Click the icon. Click Done/Return . Return to the DETAIL menu. Erase extra dimensions in the drawing 1. Pick the two extra 6.2 dimension and click Switch View from the MENU MANAGER.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 4. 10. Pick the section view. Click Done Sel . Clean the dimensions of the section view. Pick the 30. 5. Click the icon to remove the display of datums. Click View and pick on the section view. 11. From the DRAWING window right-click to select Modify Item . Click the icon. 6. Save the drawing.3mm dimensions and click Done Sel from the GET SELECT menu. Switch the 19mm dimension to the projected view using the same operation. Click Show/Erase > Erase in the DETAIL menu. 5.

2. Using a similar technique. Continue to the next line. Click Done/Return from the NOTE TYPES menu. symbol:d26). 9. Create a parametric note that displays the value of the pin hole diameter. In the cross section view. Complete the note. This allows the note to automatically update with changes in the dimensions. 1. pick the edge of the small hole as the entity to which the system should attach the note. Press <ENTER> twice to finish. Add another note for the radius value of the round. Look at the lower right or cross section view and identify the symbolic dimension representing the diameter of the small hole (for example. Type [&d26 DRILL THRU] in the message area.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Note The system allows for notes to be displayed with the parametric dimension within the text. Click Leader > Normal Ldr > Make Note leaving alone all the other defaults from the NOTE TYPES menu. Use Query Sel . if necessary. 6. 7.8 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / En g i n e e r . Pag e 1 2. Pick the ∅ symbol from the SYMBOL PALETTE window. Enter the text to come after the symbol. then type [ONE PLACE]. display the round radius dimension in the section view. Task 6. 8. 3. Press <ENTER> once. Click Create > Note . 4. Specify attachment for the note.For University Use Only . 5. 1. Task 7. Pick a location for the note All of the dimensions and parameters change to their symbolic form. 2.

Addit ional D eta iling and A ssoc iati vity Pag e 1 2-9 . Experiment with moving the two notes. 1. Click Move > Move Text and Mod Attach to adjust the final position of any dimension or note. 2.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 8.For University Use Only . Save the drawing and erase both the gear drawing and gear part from memory.

For University Use Only . Flip Arrows . and drawing parameters. Modifications on Production Drawings are reflected in the part and assembly models. This ensures consistency between the most recent changes in the drawing with the original model. and Align .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODULE SUMMARY In this module. drawing labels. Mod Attach . Clip . Break . Parametric Notes can include special symbols. pattern instance parameters. Switch View . you learned that: • • The majority of dimensions included on the drawing come from the part model. Drawing notes can be created to provide other information and for documentation. Two types of dimensions exist: Feature Dimensions and Driven Dimensions. Dimensions can be manipulated using the options in the DETAIL menu such as Move Text . model dimensions. • • • • Pag e 1 2.1 0 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / En g i n e e r .

Creating workable assemblies and machines is the desired end result and the most important aspect of learning to work with Pro/ENGINEER. they have to be assembled in ways that work. Explore associativity in the context of creating assemblies.For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited Module Creating Assemblies Pro/ENGINEER is ideal for feature-based design and a cumulative building up of successive parts. Page 13-1 . Modify assemblies. you will learn to • • • Create assemblies. But once these complex parts are in place. Objectives In this module.

you must constrain components by selecting surfaces and features.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES OVERVIEW To create an assembly model. • • • • Always begin an assembly with a base component.2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .For University Use Only . Consider how you might break down the assembly into separate subassemblies. a component that you are unlikely to remove from the assembly later on. Add the first part or subassembly onto the default assembly datums. Begin your assembly with default datums. Figure 1: Assembly Default Datum Planes Pag e 1 3.

Careful consideration is advised in choosing constraint types and references. The following is a list of the most commonly used constraints: • – Normal vectors of selected surfaces point in opposite directions and become co-planar. Figure 2: A Model’s Surface Normal Vectors Constraint Options Placement constraints create a parent/child relationship between the already assembled components and the new component being added to the assembly.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES The Surface Normal Vector A surface normal vector is an imaginary vector that is perpendicular to the model surface.For University Use Only . As a 3-D solid modeler. Pro/ENGINEER can distinguish between the outside surface and inside surface that comprises every solid model. Mate C reat ing As sembl ies Pag e 1 3-3 .

Align Note: Pro/ENGINEER does not associate any direction to the alignment of an axis. Pag e 1 3.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 3: Mate Constraint • – Normal vectors of selected surfaces point in opposite directions and are offset by a specified negative or positive value.4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .For University Use Only . Align will also make two axes co-axial. Mate Offset Offset Figure 4: Mate Offset Constraint • – Normal vectors of selected surfaces point in the same direction and are made co-planar.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 5: Align Constraint C reat ing As sembl ies Pag e 1 3-5 .For University Use Only .

Offset Figure 6: Align Offset Constraint • Orient – Selected surfaces. Figure 7: A Usable Reference for Orient Constraint Pag e 1 3. utilizing their normal vector.6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .For University Use Only . point in the same direction and are parallel.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Align Offset – Normal vectors of selected surfaces point in the same direction and are offset by a specified negative or positive value.

C reat ing As sembl ies Pag e 1 3-7 . you can: • • Create datums on the fly. These surfaces do not need to be full 360-degree cylinders.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES • Insert – Selected cylindrical surfaces of revolution become co-axial. you add more constraints than is necessary in order to capture additional design intent. Surfaces of revolution Figure 8: Insert Constraint Packaging or Under-Constrained Components Packaging allows you to: • • • Add components to an assembly without adding all its necessary constraints Add the model to the assembly without defining the true location of that component. as shown in figure below. Over-Constrained Components When you over-constrain a component. Change the placement of a component. Set up space claims in the assembly for components prior to assembly.For University Use Only . Component Placement Throughout the design cycle.

which includes modifying dimensions. redefining existing features. which includes assembling components into the subassembly.For University Use Only . Pag e 1 3. – Inserts a component in between two components in the regeneration cycle of the assembly. – Temporarily removes components from the assembly. you can make changes to all components in sub-assemblies while working in the assembly. Mod Subasm allows you to modify any subassembly in the top-level assembly. Changing Design Intent of the Assembly • • • • • • Reorder – Changes the order in which the system regenerates components in the assembly. Suppress Resume – Resumes components in the assembly model. Mod Part allows you to modify parts in the assembly.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES • Place multiple components using patterns. you should use caution to avoid creating unwanted parent/child relationships between the part and the assembly. as well as most operations that you can perform at part level. Insert Mode Reroute – Changes the external references that a component has for constraints.8 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Delete – Removes components or assembly features from the assembly model. adding new features. • Note When creating part features at the assembly level. allows you to modify only the top-level assembly Mod Assem dimensions. However. ASSEMBLY MODIFICATION Since Pro/ENGINEER is associative. the system limits the scope of those changes through the MOD ASSEM menu options listed below: • • • Mod Dim allows you to modify any dimension in the assembly.

the system asks you to unexplode the assembly using the Unexplode option in the View pull-down menu. Note You cannot assemble components in an exploded view. the placement fails when you retrieve that assembly. If you try to do so. OTHER ASSEMBLY OPTIONS Extracting a Bill of Materials A Bill of Materials (BOM) is a breakdown of sub-assemblies and components and their quantities. Pro/ENGINEER enables extraction of this information using the Info pull-down menu.For University Use Only . C reat ing As sembl ies Pag e 1 3-9 . Note: If you rename a part in an assembly. but the assembly is not in RAM. you can create exploded views of the assembly model.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Saving the Assembly When you save an assembly. Creating Exploded Views Using the Explode option in the View pull-down menu. the system automatically saves any changes that you made to any of the parts in that assembly.

1 0 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 9: Unexploded Machine Assembly Figure 10 Exploded Machine Assembly Pag e 1 3.For University Use Only .

For University Use Only . Figure 11 Completed Base Subassembly C reat ing As sembl ies Pag e 1 3-11 . allowing the system to update their locations correctly when you modify them.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES LABORATORY PRACTICAL Goal This exercise demonstrates how to create and modify workable complex assemblies. you will assemble existing components. EXERCISE 1: Create and Modify an Assembly Note: Keep in mind that the way you assemble components captures your design intent. and add features that will capture design intent. Method In Exercise 1. modify specific parts.

It is a good practice to start all assemblies with three default datum planes. Click Done . Select BRACKET. Task 2.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 1. Create a subassembly using three parts. Start assembling the bracket part onto the assembly datums using the part datums. 1. Note: You may need to turn the datum display back on to see the datum planes. . 1. Setup the assembly to use millimeter units. Make sure Use default template is checked. 2. Align ASM_FRONT to DTM3 (yellow to yellow) Align ASM_TOP to DTM2 (yellow to yellow) Align ASM_RIGHT to DTM1 (yellow to yellow) Figure 12: Assembling the Bracket (Bracket Moved for Clarity) Pag e 1 3. Click Assembly and type [BASE] as the name. Click Set Up > Units. then click Open . Click Component > Assemble . 3. Click File > New .For University Use Only . 4. > millimeter Newton Second > Set. Click Set > OK > Close .1 2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .PRT.

Click Align from the CONSTRAINT TYPE drop-down list. Define the first alignment constraint between DTM1 of the part and ASM_RIGHT of the assembly. Pick DTM2 on the bracket part. Tips & Techniques You can select the Yellow side by using the middle mouse button. Click Yellow from the DATUM ORIENT dialog box. Pick the datum ASM_RIGHT on the assembly.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Tips & Techniques: To pick the datum planes easily. 3. 4. Again use the default align constraint. Task 3. The system automatically starts adding another align constraint. Click Place when finished moving. Task 4. Click Yellow from the DATUM ORIENT dialog box. Align DTM3 and ASM_FRONT together using their yellow sides. 2. 2.For University Use Only . You select the red side using the right mouse button. 3. click Move in the ASSEMBLY CONSTRAINT dialog box to move the model to one side. Task 5. : 1. 1. Pick DTM3 on the bracket model. 4. C reat ing As sembl ies Pag e 1 3-13 . 5.Click Yellow from the DATUM ORIENT dialog box. Click Yellow from the DATUM ORIENT dialog box. Pick the yellow side. Pick ASM_TOP from the assembly model. Pick DTM1 as the first datum on the bracket (you may need to use Query Sel ). Align DTM2 and ASM_TOP together using their yellow sides. 1. 2. Click Yellow from the DATUM ORIENT dialog box.

Select OK . Finish the placement of the bracket. Click Yellow from the DATUM ORIENT dialog box. Pick ASM_FRONT on the base assembly. 5. The default constraint type is Automatic. 1.PRT from the OPEN dialog box. 1. Insert references Mate references Figure 13: Assembly of the Bushing Task 7. Pick on the outside cylindrical surface of the bushing part (Figure 13). Pag e 1 3. 3. Begin to assemble the bushing part to the bracket part. 2. Open the bushing part. Task 6. Click Insert from the CONSTRAINT TYPE drop-down list. Read the prompt in the message area. 4.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 3.For University Use Only . then select BUSHING. Pick on the inside revolved surface of the slot on the bracket part. Click Open .1 4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Click Component > Assemble . 4. Insert the bushing into the bracket using the revolved surfaces on the models.

1. Click Add from the COMPONENT PLACEMENT dialog box 5. 2. Remove the option to make assumptions about the orientation of a model and add a third constraint so that the key on the bushing lines up with the d slot in the bracket. 1. Click Mate from the CONSTRAINT TYPE drop-down list. 3.For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 8. Click Accept when the proper surface highlights. Click Allow Assumptions . 6. Pick the back surface of the bracket using Query Sel . Click Orient from the TYPE drop-down list. C reat ing As sembl ies Pag e 1 3-15 . 3. Pick on the flat surface of the bushing. Pick on the planar flange surface on the bushing. Mate the lip on the bushing to the back of the bracket. Repaint the screen. Task 9. 2. Read the message area prompt. Figure 14: Default Orientation of Bushing (Datums Removed for Clarity) 4.

Assemble the ring model. Task 11. Click OK from the dialog box. Define an internal datum plane through the D-slot surface. Click Assemble . 5. Select through using Query Sel . Read the prompt.1 6 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Turn off the display of the datum planes using the icon in the toolbar. 1. icon until the surface highlights in red. 2. Click the Accept . The arrow is currently facing downward (the yellow side). 6. Make the flat on the bushing face upward by choosing Red . the click Click Done from the DATUM PLANE menu. Zoom in on the bushing model so that you can see the snap ring grove more clearly. pick over the top of the D-slot. Note: Pro/ENGINEER issues a message in the dialog box as well as the message area when it considers a model to be fully constrained. 3. then select RING. 3. Finish the placement. Assemble the ring part to the bushing part by using the constraints.PRT. Click Make Datum .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 10. 1. 2. Pag e 1 3.For University Use Only . 4. Repaint the screen.

Create a new assembly called machine consisting of the base subassembly and the remaining three parts. Setup the assembly to use millimeter units. Add a mate constraint between the front side surface of the groove and the back side of the snap ring. Click Insert and pick the two revolved surfaces. Close the Main Window.For University Use Only . 2. 9. Click File > Close Window . Create three default datum plane features. 3. Orient the tabs so they match the orientation of the flat of the bushing. Click File > New . Click Mate and pick the two planar surfaces. 5. Click Set Up >Units > millimeter Newton Second > Set > OK > Close . Task 12. 6. C reat ing As sembl ies Pag e 1 3-17 . 1. Add an insert constraint between the inner revolved surface of the snap ring and the small revolved surface of the recess in the bushing. Uncheck Use default template option.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Insert references Mate references Figure 15: Constraints for Assembling Base with Ring 4. Complete the placement of the ring. 8. Click File > Save from the pull-down menu. Click Assembly and type [MACHINE] as the name. 7. Click OK . Use the Orient option to position the tabs on the ring as desired.

Assemble the base subassembly to the machine assembly by using the Align constraint. make sure layers are set to be shown. If datum planes are not visible. 2.1 8 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 1.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 13. Task 14. then select BASE. Assemble the MASTER_SHAFT part into the machine assembly.ASM. Check allow assumptions box in the bottom of the dialog box. 2. 6. This reduces the parent/child dependency verses using part model geometry in the assembly. 5. Pag e 1 3. 4. Tips & Techniques: You can access the Query Sel option by using the mouse.For University Use Only . Read the one-line help in the message area when you move the mouse over Query Sel . Insert the shaft into the hole in the bushing. Orient one of the default datum planes going through the axis of the shaft by creating a datum that goes through the axis of the bushing at an angle to the flat on the bushing. and Accept icons in the Query Bin dialog box. Click Component > Assemble . 3. 1. Align offset the end of the shaft that has the hole closer to the end with the front of the bushing part using a value of 60mm as the offset value. Also read the on-line help when highlighting the Next Item . Assemble the shaft component by following the constraints used in Figure 16 to control the location of parts in the assembly. Assemble the base assembly into the machine assembly using the datum planes.

Assemble the crank part. Add the crank part to the assembly by using the assembly constraints.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 16: Assembling Base with Shaft Task 15. Figure 17: Assembling the Crank Part to the Machine Assembly 1. 2.For University Use Only . Figure 18 Assembled Crank C reat ing As sembl ies Pag e 1 3-19 . Insert the crank into the shaft.

Type [50. Save the assembly. Click Feature > Create . 1. Create a new part feature. accommodate a change in the design intent by modifying the bracket width. 2. Figure 19 shows the modified bracket. While working at the assembly level. but orient the back of the crank with the end of the shaft. Regenerate only the part model.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 3. 5. 3. Accommodate another change in the design intent by adding an edge round on the two top edges of the bracket. Assemble the gear component to the machine. 4. Pick the 25 dimension. 1.For University Use Only . 2. The system says it is fully constrained. Click Mod Part from the ASSEM MOD menu. Pag e 1 3. Add a simple edge round to the bracket with a 20mm unit radius. Task 16.0]. Pick the base feature to display the dimensions. 4.2 0 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Assemble the gear part into the assembly using constraints similar to those that you used for the crank part. Task 17. Align the small hole on the crank with the small hole on the shaft by picking the axes. 2. Click Modify from the ASSEMBLY menu. Pick the bracket part. 1. Task 18. then press <ENTER>. 6.

3.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 19: Modified Bracket Task 19. Click OK . 5. Close the working window. Generate a Bill of Materials for this assembly. use the scrollbar if necessary. 2. Click BOM from the INFO pull-down menu. 1. Read the entire INFORMATION WINDOW. Click Close from the INFORMATION WINDOW 4. C reat ing As sembl ies Pag e 1 3-21 . Click File > Erase > Not Displayed .For University Use Only . Erase all models that are not displayed.

the component can be fully constrained. Since Pro/ENGINEER is associative. Modifying parts at the assembly level is adopting a top-down approach to design. You can extract a Bill of Materials of an assembly. you learned that: • • • • Assembly creation has to begin ideally with base components and these usually are the Default Assembly Datums. Sometimes this is necessary to capture the higher level design intent by creating part geometry in the context of the assembly. • • • • • Pag e 1 3.2 2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Over-constraining occurs to capture additional design intent. Components of an assembly can be deliberately under-constrained or over-constrained. Once the look is right. There are various constraint options for adding new components to an assembly. you can make changes to all components and sub-assemblies while working in an assembly.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODULE SUMMARY In this module.For University Use Only . Packaged or under-constrained components are usually added to assemblies to get a spatial feel for the completed assembly. You can create exploded views of assemblies.

Manipulate layer display status.. datum planes.For University Use Only . These operations primarily include ways of showing the items in the model. such as features. Re-work existing parent/child relationships using the suppress feature. and even other layers. so that you can perform operations on those items collectively. Control data with the suppression functionality provided by Pro/ENGINEER. Associate items to a layer. Objectives After completing this module.Commercial Use Prohibited Module Layers and Suppression Layers provide a means of organizing model items. Resume suppressed features Page 14-1 . and suppressing. parts (in an assembly). selecting. such as displaying or blanking. you will be able to: • • • • • • Create layers for a given model.

and suppression for certain items.2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . For example. • • CREATING LAYERS Selecting the Object The active object is the model in which you actually create the layers and make changes. You can still create additional layers using two methods. Pro/ENGINEER automatically associates the different features of a model to specific default layers.For University Use Only . Pag e 1 4. A single item can be associated with multiple layers. plotting. The principle is to associate those items to a layer that exist at the layer level. You can have as many layers as you need or none at all. you can associate only items from the top-level assembly to a top-level assembly layer. even other layers. components in an assembly. you can control the information that the system displays on the screen Layers enable certain actions as deletion. • • • Working Rules • • If you use a default template. if you select the top-level assembly as the active object. The first is through the Config file and the second is by using the def layers command from the Layer pull-down menu in the LAYERS dialog box. Using layers.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES DEFINING LAYERS Functionality • Layers provide a means of organizing object items into related groups to avoid confusion They allow you to perform certain collective operations on groups of items such as features in a part. draft items on a drawing.

Using options in the LAYER dialog box. You can express the name in numeric or alphanumeric form. L a y e rs a n d S u p p res io n Pag e 1 4. you can associate items to and remove them from selected layers.3 . Creating Layers • • • • Pro/ENGINEER identifies layers by name only. you can select either the model or the drawing as the active model. using a maximum of 31 characters.For University Use Only . you can define a new layer by clicking the Once you have typed one layer name you can create multiple new layers by simply typing a new name and pressing <ENTER>. as well as copy them or switch them from one layer to another. you can associate items to them. After you have established the active model. Associating Items to a Layer Once you have created layers.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Note: In Drawing mode.

Blank selected layers from the screen by removing them.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Table 1: Item Types Component (Assembly mode only) Feature Select component parts and/or assemblies. Pick a feature. Pag e 1 4. Pick detail items. Click the following feature options in the LAY FEAT menu: • • • • Curve Quilt 2-D Items Text Select – Specifies the particular feature. points. You can perform the following procedures. or ignore the selection of that item. Click All Instances or Individual in the LAYER COMP menu. Pick a quilt. as illustrated in Figure 1: • • Show selected layers on the screen. the system identifies the native model for the item. Pick a datum curve. Click Sel By Menu. When text tags are blanked. or select from the MODEL TREE Pick a datum point. axes.4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Setting the Display Status of a Layer One of the main reasons that you would organize items using layers is to control the kind of information that the system displays on the screen for that particular object. and coordinate systems. Range – Specifies a range of features. All of Type – Specifies a feature type from the ALL FEATURES menu. You can select or create a layer in the native model.For University Use Only . Pick a datum plane. Feat/Child – Specifies a feature and all of its children. Pick nametags for datum planes. Select a layer. Creates a layer hierarchy with sub-layers. Point Datum Plane Layer Solid Geometry Note: If you attempt to associate an item to a layer that does not exist in the active model. Blanks all solid features of the part.

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NOTES

• •

Isolate selected layers by displaying them on the screen and removing all non-isolated layers from the screen. Hide components associated to the selected layer by displaying them entirely as hidden lines when working in Hidden Line mode, or remove them from the screen when working in No Hidden mode (in Assembly mode only). The Hide display status has no effect when the environment setting is Wireframe .

Figure 1: Layer Display Dialog Box

Not all layer items are available for manipulation in every Pro/ENGINEER mode.

Note:
Pro/ENGINEER does not save the display status of a layer by default when it saves the object. The next time that you retrieve the object, the display status reverts back to Show for all layers. If you want to save the display status with the object, you must click Save Status from the LAYER DISPLAY dialog box.

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Manipulating Layer Display Status
In Figure 3 you create layers in Part mode and Assembly mode, associate items to them, and vary the display status of the items. In Part mode, you have a protrusion and three datum planes. • • • • • Create the layers PROT, DATUM_A and DATUM_B. Associate the protrusion to the PROT layer. Associate datum plane A to the DATUM_A layer. Associate datum plane B to the DATUM_B layer. Do not associate datum plane C to any layers.

In Assembly mode, you have three components (A, B, and C) and two assembly datum planes.

Create layers COMP_B, COMP_C and ADATUM_A. Associate component B to the COMP_B layer. Associate component C to the COMP_C layer. Associate assembly datum plane A to the ADATUM_A layer. Do not associate component A and assembly datum plane B to any layers.

• • • •

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Part Mode

Assembly Mode

D

E

Figure 3: Illustration of Layer Display Status

• • • • • •

A – All layers have a display status of Shown . B – PROT: Blank ; DATUM_A: Shown ; DATUM_B: Blank C – PROT: Shown ; DATUM_A: Shown ; DATUM_B: Isolate D – All layers have a display status of Show . E – COMP_B: Blank ; COMP_C: Show ; ADATUM_A: Blank F – COMP_B: Isolate ; COMP_C: Show ; ADATUM_A: Show

SUPPRESSION FUNCTIONALITY
• • • Suppression temporarily removes a feature or component from the model The system does not regenerate the item, and the model appears as if you had never created the item. When you suppress items, you can resume them at a later date. Suppress differs from delete in that it is not permanent.

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Using Suppression
• • • • To simplify the model To reduce regeneration time To reduce screen repaint time To use design alternatives

Suppressing Parent/Child Relationships
If you suppress a feature or a component that has children and do not select the children as well, Pro/ENGINEER requires you to do one of the following: • • • • • Reroute the child references. Change the dimensioning scheme of the child. Suppress the child. Suspend action on the child until you regenerate the model. Freeze the component (in Assembly mode only).

Saving and Resuming Suppressed Features
You can save a model with suppressed features and/or components. When you retrieve or regenerate it, Pro/ENGINEER informs you that it has suppressed items. When you resume or regenerate suppressed features, the system returns them to their original location in the feature list. You can resume them by selecting them from the MODEL TREE window or using one of the following options in the RESUME menu: • • • •
All

– Resumes all items that are currently suppressed. – Resumes items by layer. – Resumes the last group of suppressed items.

Layer

Last Set Feat ID

– Resumes items by specifying the feature ID of the item.

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LABORATORY PRACTICAL
Goal
This laboratory is intended to demonstrate the practical application layers and suppression.

Method
In Exercises 1 and 2, you learn to control the information that the system displays in a part model and an assembly model. You learn to use layers to control the display of the datum planes and axes of the part in Exercise 1, as opposed to turning their display off. In Exercise 3, you suppress a feature in a part. In Exercise 4, you experiment with suppressing a component in an assembly.

EXERCISE 1: Using Layers in Part Mode

Figure 5: Layer Crank Part

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Task 1.

Retrieve the crank part; then shade and spin the model.

1. Change the working directory to LAYER_SUPPRESS 2. Erase all models in the memory. 3. Open the layer crank part. Click then click Open . Note:
If the model does not have the datum planes and axes displayed, display them using the environment icons.

. Select LAYER_CRANK.PRT,

4. Shade the model if it is not already. Task 2. Create two layers called DATUMS and AXES.

1. Repaint the screen. 2. Click the icon, then click Default . icon.

3. Click View>Layers and click the 4. Type [DATUMS], then click Add . 5. Type [AXES], then click OK . Task 3.

Associate the default datum planes to the datum layer.

1. Select the Datums layer from the layers list. Make sure the Axes layer is not highlighted. Clicking a layer name toggles that layer for action. 2. Click the icon.

3. Click Datum Plane from the LAYER OBJ menu. 4. Select DTM1, DTM2, and DTM3 from the MODEL TREE, then click Done Sel > Done Return

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Task 4.

Associate the axes of the part to the axes layer.

1. Unselect layer Datums and select layer Axes . 2. Click the icon and click Feature .

3. Click Query Sel . Pick the A_1 boss protrusion. Accept the selection. 4. The A_5 axis was created as a result of the cross hole in the boss. Click Query Sel . Pick the cross hole in the boss. Accept the selection. 5. The A_2 axis was created as a separate datum feature. Click Query Sel . Pick axis A_2 . Accept the selection. 6. Click Done Return from the MENU MANAGER menu. Task 5. Use the LAYER dialog box to see what features you have associated to the layers. 1. Click Show > Layer Items . 2. Click Tree > Expand >All . Task 6. Change the display status of the two layers you just created.

1. Click Axes and Datums in the LAYERS dialog box icon, then click the .icon. The system no longer 2. Click the displays the datum planes and axes on the screen, but they still exist. You can verify this by using the MODEL TREE. 3. Close the Layers dialog box.. 4. Save the model. and close the window Note:
Pro/ENGINEER does not save the display status of the layers unless you click Save Status prior to exiting the LAYERS dialog box.

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Figure 6: Layer Display Status Set to Blank

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3. Open the PINION. and press <ENTER>. Type [CRANK]. Figure 7: Layers Assembly Task 1. 4. Click View>Layers and click the icon. By associating components to layers. you use layers to control the information that the system displays in the assembly model to make it easier to manipulate.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 2: Using Layers in Assembly Mode In this exercise. then click OK . 2. you can control the display of these components on the screen without affecting the actual model.ASM. 1. Open an existing assembly and define two layers at the toplevel assembly called crank and gear.1 3 . Type [GEAR].For University Use Only . L a y e rs a n d S u p p res io n Pag e 1 4.

Click the icon to repaint the screen and turn off the datum planes and axes. Click Done Sel > Done/Return > Done/Return . Associate the crank part to the CRANK layer and the Gear part to the GEAR layer. Select the crank and gear layers. Click Component from the LAYER OBJ menu. 1. 5. Click Individual from the LAYER COMP menu. then select LAYER_CRANK. Figure 8: Layers Blanked from Display Pag e 1 4.PRT. Click the icon. 3. 10.1 4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Click Sel By Menu . 6. Repeat the steps above to associate the gear part to the gear layer Task 3. Blank the crank and gear layers. as shown in Figure 8. Finish the association. .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 2. 9. 7.For University Use Only . 11. 2. The system no longer displays the layer crank and layer gear components on the screen. Click the icon. Unselect the GEAR layer and select the CRANK layer. 8.

1. icon from the toolbar. 3. Click the 2. Determine the effect that other environment settings have on the Hidden Line setting for the layer. 1.1 5 . 4.For University Use Only . Task 6. The system displays the component on the screen again. Click the icon from the LAYERS dialog box. Repaint the screen. Click Gear in the LAYERS dialog box. Task 5. Read the information window and close the information window and the FEATURE LIST dialog box. 2. Click View > Layers . 5. Click Info > Feature List . Set the gear model to hidden line display. 1. 3. Click the icon from the tool bar L a y e rs a n d S u p p res io n Pag e 1 4. Click Top Level > Apply. Verify that the components still exist.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 4.

Click the icon from the toolbar.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 9: Hidden Line Display Mode 2.1 6 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Pag e 1 4.For University Use Only .

Notice all the models have a layer called DATUMS. but only some of them are blanked. 2. Expand the datums layer items.1 7 . 3.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 10: No Hidden Display Mode Note The icons next to the layer names in the dialog box indicate the current status of the layers. Click Show > Layer Items .For University Use Only . 4. If the eye icon next to the layer name is gray. L a y e rs a n d S u p p res io n Pag e 1 4. 1. Determine the status of the datums layer. Click the + icon next to DATUMS. then some of the layers of the same name in assembly sub-components have varying display statuses set Task 7. Open the LAYERS dialog box.

check the environment icons in the toolbar.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 8. You have the ability to effect the display of layers within all levels of the assembly. Pag e 1 4. Click the icon. If the datums and axes are not visible. as well as associate items at any level. Set both layers back to Shown . then click OK 3. 5. Task 10. Click the 3.ASM. Complete the association. Click . Type [asm_ datums]. Select the datums layer and click 4. 1. 1. Click the icon from the LAYERS dialog box icon. then click Done/Return from the LAYER OBJ menu. Click the icon. Select all the entries under Datums.For University Use Only . 2.ASM. 2. 1. Change the display of all the part level datum planes. Task 9. Add the layer called Datums at the top level and associate the default datums of the assembly. Repaint the screen. 3. 2. except IN_LAYER_BASE. Repaint the screen. 4.1 8 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Pick the three assembly level datum planes in the PINION. Click Done Sel . All components and their datums should be visible again. The system no longer displays the datum planes of the parts on the screen. but does display the assembly datums.

Click Save Status from the LAYERS dialog box. Click Close . Figure 11: Top-Level Default Datum Planes L a y e rs a n d S u p p res io n Pag e 1 4. Save the assembly.1 9 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 11.For University Use Only . 1. Save the display status of the datum planes for the next time that you retrieve the assembly. 4. Erase the assembly from memory and all associated objects. or any of the associated components. 3. 2.

2. therefore. Pag e 1 4. Open the part named PLATE. 2. 3. 1. note the amount of time the system uses to retrieve the part. Regenerate the part.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 3: Suppressing in Part Mode In this exercise.PRT with Threaded Notes Task 1. Suppress the complex thread cuts. In Figure 12.For University Use Only . Figure 12: PLATE. Note the amount of time that the system requires to update the geometry. Click Modify and pick the boss protrusion. and not for other operations.PRT. you suppress a feature to make it easier to retrieve and regenerate the part. Pick the 5 dimension and type[10].2 0 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Select the pattern of cuts from the MODEL TREE. Modify the height of the circular boss to 10mm. Task 2. For this design you only need the threads for mass property calculations. Click Feature > Suppress . each hole has a cut that represents the threads. Retreive an existing model and modify the circular protrusion which comes before the helical threads in the regeneration list 1. it requires a great deal of time to retrieve and regenerate it.

Figure 13: Thread Cuts Suppressed L a y e rs a n d S u p p res io n Pag e 1 4. 3. Note that the system updates the model much faster now. Note that the cuts are no longer in the model. Click Done from the SELECT FEAT menu. Click Done from the FEAT menu. 4. Change the height of the circular boss back to 5. then type [5]. 1. Regenerate the part.2 1 .For University Use Only . Once a feature is suppressed. Task 3. 4. Test the speed that the system regenerates the model without the threads in the model.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 3. Save the model and erase it from memory. Verify this by checking in the MODEL TREE. Click Modify and pick the 10 dimension. Click Done Sel from the GET SELECT menu. Pro/ENGINEER does not consider it as existing in the model. 2.

For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 4: Suppressing Components in Assembly Mode In this exercise. Error! Figure 14: Alternate Components Task 1. you experiment with different design alternatives in your assembly by suppressing components to make it easier to view the new components. 3. Assemble a model to replace the crank.PRT Pag e 1 4. Click Done Sel > Done . Click Assemble and double click HAND_CRANK. You can assemble different components to test their compatibility with an assembly design. 2. Click Component from the ASSEMBLY menu.ASM. Open the SECOND_PINION. 1. Note that the system no longer includes the component in the assembly. Task 2. Click Suppress and pick the crank part. Suppress the crank components in the assembly to see what the assembly will look like with a different crank part. 1.2 2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .

3. With components suppressed you can easily switch between representations of the assembly to test which one is the most plausable. 1. Click Assemble . Pick axis A_3 of shaft model. Select the HAND_CRANK using the MODEL TREE. 6. Suppress the wheel crank component. Constrain the wheel crank to the end of the shaft. Click Align from the CONSTRAINT TYPE drop-down list. Align axis A_5 of wheel crank model with axis A_3 of shaft model. 7. 3. Task 3.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 2. L a y e rs a n d S u p p res io n Pag e 1 4. and double click the WHEEL_CRANK. 3. Click Done from the SELECT FEAT menu. 5. then click OK . Finish the placement.For University Use Only . Pick axis A_1 of shaft model. Click Align from the CONSTRAINT TYPE drop-down list. 1.PRT 2. 2. 4.2 3 . You can define different sets of components to be suppressed. 9. Pick axis A_1 of hand crank model. Finish the placement Task 5. Suppress the third crank model and resume the original one 1. Click Done from the SEL FEAT menu to complete the operation. Pick axis A_5 of hand crank model. Leave the default Align for the second constraint. 8. 5. Suppress the hand crank model. Click Suppress and pick the wheel crank part. Align A_1 of wheel crank with axis A_1 of shaft model 4. Read the message in the message area. Task 4. Click Suppress .

Click View > Model Tree Setup> Item Display 3. Click Done Sel > Done . Right mouse click the LAYER_CRANK.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 2. A suppressed model is still associated to the assembly. click Component > Resume > All > Done 2. Resume the original layer crank component. Save the model and erase it from memory. In the MENU MANAGER. 6. List the suppressed components in the MODEL TREE. 4. Select Suppressed Objects and click OK 4. 1. Change your working directory back to the INTRO_PROE_300 directory. Suppression temporarily removes a component from the assembly.For University Use Only .2 4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Click Delete > Clip 3. Task 6. and select Resume from the pop-up menu.PRT entry in the MODEL TREE. 5. Tips & Techniques: You can use the MODEL TREE to delete suppressed features or components without resuming them first. Select only the hand crank part from the MODEL TREE. then permanently delete them from the assembly. Pag e 1 4. Resume the suppressed components.

The display status of a layer can be set to Hidden Suppression of features in a part and of components in a model leads to greater maneuverability in design. Items have to be deliberately associated to specific layers of a model. L a y e rs a n d S u p p res io n Pag e 1 4.2 5 . Any number of layers can be created.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODULE SUMMARY In this module. Suppressed features can be resumed. you learned that: • • • • • • • The Layers feature is designed for greater flexibility of models and less clutter. Suppressed features can effect the parent/child relationship.For University Use Only .

For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited .

For University Use Only . Objectives After completing this module. In this module. These additional datum features include datum axes. datum curves. Employ additional datum features as robust references for solid geometry.Commercial Use Prohibited Module Additional Datum Features Pro/ENGINEER allows for creating datum features other than datum planes. datum points. Create additional datum features using different methods. Page 15-1 . and datum coordinate systems. you learn how they are created and why they should be used. you will be able to: • • • Describe all available additional datum features in the software.

Pag e 1 5. nonsolid features that can be used as references and as parents to solid geometry.2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Point on Surface Tan Curve – Created tangent to a datum curve or at the end point of a model’s edge. As aids for the creation of other datum features. – Created through the “imaginary” center of any surface of revlolution. the model.For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES ADDITIONAL DATUM FEATURES Datum features are mass-less. All datum features serve the purpose of construction type geometry. – Created through two datum points or two vertices of – Goes through a point normal to the surface. Thru Cyl Two Planes Two Pnt/Vtx – Created at the intersection of two planes. and are used as: Uses • • • As centers of coaxial holes. As references for assembly constraints. Datum Axes Datum axes appear as dashed yellow lines that often have nametags such as A_1 . and A_3 . A_2 . Normal Pln Pnt Norm Pln – Normal to a selected surface and though a datum point. Methods of Creation • • • • • • • • Thru Edge – Created through a straight edge of the model. – Normal to a selected surface with linear dimensions to two references.

To help define the shape of assembly skeletons. From Equation – Creates a curve based of mathematical equations. The formed curve preserves the length of the original curve. Methods of Creation • • • • • • • Sketch – Uses sketcher functionality to create the curve on a flat – Creates a curve at the intersection of two surfaces. Uses • • • • As trajectories for swept features. They can be straight or curved. To aid in surface creation. with name tags such as PNT1 Uses • • • Help in creating datum curves and datum axes. Surf Thru Points Projected Formed – Projects a 2D curve onto a solid surface. Datum Points Datum points appear as small yellow “x ”s on the model. Intr .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Datum Curves Datum curves appear on the model as orange lines. Used as references for assembly constraints.For University Use Only . To measure features of a model. and be open or closed loops. Used when creating holes that are placed on point.3 . Methods of Creation • On Surface – Creates a point on a selected surface using linear dimension to two references Ad d i t io n a l D at u m F e a t u re s Pag e 1 5. 2 Projection – Creates a projected datum curve from two sections on non-parallel sketching planes. – Transfers a datum curve onto a surface as a formed curve. surface. – Create a curve through a series of datum points.

or spherical coordinates Offset Csys At Center On Curve – Creates a point at the center of an arc or a circle – Creates a point along a datum curve or model edge with the following dimensional options. or origin of another datum coordinate system. Pnt + 2Axes – Origin at the intersection of two axes.0 are the start and end points of the curve). cylindrical.For University Use Only . vertex. Pag e 1 5.y. References for assembly constraints. Datum Coordinate Systems Datum Coordinate Systems appear yellow on the model and usually have nametags. Length Ratio – Places a point on the curve as a percentage of the overall length (0. Uses • • • Ability to define a zero position for datum points read in from file. Orientation for manufacturing procedures. ½ ½ Offset – Places a point on the curve offset at a distance from a planar surface.z). Methods of Creation • • • • 3 Planes – Origin at the intersection of three planes. such as CS1 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES • • • • On Vertex – Point is defined at a vertex on the solid model – Points are defined offset from a coordinate system using Cartesian.4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 2 Axes Default – Origin at the first vertex of the base feature.0 and 1. Each axis on the coordinate system is also labeled (x. straight edges or straight datum curves. – Origin at a datum point. • ½ Actual Length – Places the point using the actual arc length distance of the curve. Field Point – Places a free-floating point on a selected reference such as a surface or a curve.

0.0. Click the 2. icon and click Offset Csys . Create a fourth datum point at 0.[0] for z. Enter [0]. Then you create datum points and a datum curve to create a door handle. you will be able to create and use all the additional datum features you have learned about in this module in a solid model. 4. we will create points at x. z position has been defined. [0] for y. 3.5 .16. Once the first datum point’s x. you start with the default datums and a datum coordinate system included in any new part. Since we already have a coordinate system. 3. z data for the other points. 2. [16].Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES LABORATORY PRACTICAL Goal By the end of this lab. Method In Exercise 1.For University Use Only . [16]. 1.16. [0] at the prompt. [0] at the prompt. [0]. Pick the PRT_CSYS_DEF coordinate system. Enter [4]. 1. EXERCISE 1: Creating Additional Datum Features Task 1. y. y. 1. enter in the x.0. Click Cartesian as the coordinate type. y. Create a new part with the name DOOR_HANDLE. Click Enter Points and type [0] for x. [0] at the prompt.0. z positions relative to it. Create a third datum point at 4. Task 2. Ad d i t io n a l D at u m F e a t u re s Pag e 1 5. Create a new part and define the control points for the handle. Enter [4]. Create a second datum point at 4. Task 3.

Create a datum curve through these points. and select PNT1.0]. type <ENTER> on a blank line. Define a specific radius that the curve will take through each 1. Type [1. point. 5. 2. Click Done to complete the feature.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 4.For University Use Only . 1. Click Done Sel > Done . click Thru Points > Done . Click Single Rad. The part should look like Figure 2. Figure 2: Datum Points Task 4. The order the points are created does matter because the curve will connect them in that order. Click OK to finish the feature Pag e 1 5. icon. Click the Task 5. Once the coordinates of the last point have been entered.6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 3.

4.For University Use Only . The final part should look like Figure 3. centered at the intersection of the centerlines. 2. Figure 3: Final Solid Geometry Ad d i t io n a l D at u m F e a t u re s Pag e 1 5. Create a swept protrusion as the door handle geometry. The trajectory is the datum curve that you created. Click OK to finish the feature.7 . Pick the datum curve.0 inch diameter circle as the cross-section. Click Feature > Create > Protrusion > Sweep > Done. Define a 1. then click Select All > Done > Okay . 3. 5.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 6. 1. Click Select Traj > Curve Chain .

and extruded circles. Datum Axes are created for all types of revolved features. therefore.For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODULE SUMMARY In this module. Pag e 1 5. Datum features are mass-less and non-solid.8 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . you have learned that • • • • • • Additional Datum features are convenient and hassle-free features that aid model creation. Datum Points are used as references for assembly constraints and to place holes on point when they are created. Datum Curves often aid in surface creation using sketcher functionality. Datum Coordinate Systems are used for orientations in manufacturing procedures. holes. they can be deployed frequently when creating solid geometry.

Commercial Use Prohibited Module Additional Advanced Features This module introduces Pro/ENGINEER’s advanced features including Draft. Page 16-1 . Describe and create Counterbores and Countersunk Holes.For University Use Only . Define and create a Rib. you will be able to: • • • Add a Draft feature to an existing part. Objectives After completing this module. Rib and Sketched Holes.

or splined surface on the molded or cast part. you can create several features to deform or alter the existing surface of a part by tweaking. to add a taper of a specific angle to a surface. Creating a Draft Feature • To make it easier to remove a part from a mold. The intersection of the neutral plane with the draft plane determines where the draft surface pivots. Figure 1: Molded or Cast Part To create a draft feature. then specify a neutral plane. You can add it to individual surfaces or to a series (loop) of surfaces. Pag e 1 6.2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . planar. you must select a surface or surfaces to draft. you can use a Draft feature.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES SURFACE DEFORMATION In Pro/ENGINEER. For example.For University Use Only . you can add a draft angle between -30° and +30° to a cylindrical.

Addit ional A d van ced F eatu r es Pag e 1 6-3 . You can only draft surfaces that are formed by tabulated cylinders or planes. The system provides you with a green arrow and a highlighted surface to assist you. Reference 10 Figure 3: Reference Plane and Draft Angle Note You cannot draft surfaces with fillets around the edge boundary.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Axis of rotation Neutral plane Draft plane Figure 2: Selection of Draft Plane and Neutral Plane • Before entering the draft angle.For University Use Only . select or create a reference plane from which the draft angle measures from a 90-degree perpendicular. you can draft the surfaces first and then fillet the edges. however.

you can add additional features such as Ribs and Sketched Holes.For University Use Only . as shown in Figure 4. A rib always has to be sketched as an open section in a side view. Creating a Rib • • A rib is a special type of protrusion designed to create a thin web that is attached to a part. Pag e 1 6. The system creates it symmetrically about the selected sketching plane.4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Open section aligned to both ends Half of thickness to both sides of sketching plane Figure 4: Rib Section Aligned to a Planar Surface • If you align the endpoint of the section to a cylinder. Pro/ENGINEER automatically defines the geometry.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES OTHER FEATURES To create complex geometry.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Section aligned to cylindrical surface Conic surface Figure 5: Rib Aligned to a Cylinder Creating Standard Holes Based on Units You can create standard holes based on engineering measurements by selecting the Standard Hole radio button in the HOLE dialog box. Then the HOLE dialog box appears as shown below.For University Use Only . Figure 6 Creating a Standard Hole Addit ional A d van ced F eatu r es Pag e 1 6-5 .

sketched holes have the following restrictions: ½ They are always blind and one-sided. using the Sketched Hole option. Pag e 1 6. instead of creating the default flat-bottomed holes. ½ They must have one sketched entity normal to the centerline. you can use a sketched revolved section to define the Hole. However. Countersunk holes.For University Use Only . Figure 7: Sketched Hole • To create a sketched hole. However. This allows the creation of Counterbores. ½ You must sketch them as a closed section. which the system aligns with the placement plane. you must include a centerline as an axis of revolution. sketch a section and then place the hole onto the part using the same options that you would use for a straight hole. ½ In the sketch.6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Creating Counterbores and Countersunk Holes We have discussed creating a Hole as a Pick-and-Place feature that can be created with many depth options.

For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 8: Sketching a Sketched Hole Addit ional A d van ced F eatu r es Pag e 1 6-7 .

2. you learn how to create a sketched hole. In Exercise 2. 4. Task 2. Click Feature > Create > Solid > Tweak > Draft . In model design. This time. In the ATTRIBUTES menu. Specify surfaces to draft using the loop surfaces. 2. Retrieve a sample part and specify attributes for draft. EXERCISE 1: Creating a Neutral Plane Draft Feature Task 1. Open DRAFT1. Click Include > Loop Surfs and pick the upper face and the outer edge as shown in Figure 9. pick the same face and the hexagonal shaped edge.For University Use Only . you learn how to create a rib.PRT.8 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . accept the default No Split and Constant attributes. 1. Click Include > Loop Surfs once again. one of the final steps usually is adding draft wherever needed. Method In Exercise 1. 1. you create a neutral plane draft. Click Done to accept the Neutral Pln default. 3. Pag e 1 6. Exercise 3.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES LABORATORY PRACTICAL Goal This laboratory exercise introduces the creation of draft features.

Click Done to finish the selection of the draft.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES First pick this face. Type the draft angle as [-5]. and then pick this hexagon. 1. Pick this face again. and then select this edge.For University Use Only . Click Preview . 3. Include the cylindrical boss and its hole to be part of the draft feature you just created. Addit ional A d van ced F eatu r es Pag e 1 6-9 . 4. 5. Note that the draft on the other loop is in the opposite direction from the loop inside the hexagonal cut. Click Use Neut Pln . 2. Pick the same upper surface of the part once again. Figure 9: Selecting the First and Second Draft Surfaces 3. Specify a neutral plane to define where the draft surfaces pivot. Task 3.

Second.For University Use Only . First. and then pick this edge. Click Loop Surfs again. pick this face. 8. click on the Draft Srfs element and the Define button. pick this face. Pick the top surface of the boss and then the outer edge as shown in Figure 11. 7. Figure 11: Selecting the Cylindrical Boss and Hole as Draft Surfaces Pag e 1 6. In the DRAFT dialog box.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 10: Completed Draft on Boss and Hole 6. 10.1 0 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Now. Once again. and then pick this edge. 9. click Loop Surfs . pick the same top face of the boss but this time pick the edge of the hole.

Note To maintain the robustness of a model. it is always good design practice to include all features before defining the draft.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 11.For University Use Only . Addit ional A d van ced F eatu r es Pag e 1 6-11 . Click Done and Preview .

Create the rib sketching on DTM3 and using DTM2 as the top. Click Done from Sketcher. Click Create > Rib > Done .1 2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 5. 8. Click Flip >Okay to flip the arrow inside the section. In the model tree. Figure 12: Rib Section 6. Create the rib with a width of 10mm. feature. Specify the top of the block and the silhouette edge of the cylinder as references. 4. Sketch the section as shown in Figure 12. Eliminate the current references. 2.For University Use Only . 7. 3.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 2: Creating a Rib Task 1. drag the Insert here icon to be before the draft. Insert a rib to support the cylindrical boss before the draft 1. Pag e 1 6.

Pick the front surface of the cylindrical protrusion. click the Sketched button. 1.For University Use Only . When finished. 6. In the HOLE dialog box. 3. Change the default dimensions to the correct dimensions shown in Figure 13 and regenerate. Create a hole. Pick DTM3 as a dimensioning reference. Create a sketched hole and place it on the side of the cylindrical 1. click Done to exit from Sketcher. Addit ional A d van ced F eatu r es Pag e 1 6-13 . boss. Place the radial hole on the side of the cylinder. Sketch a vertical centerline and then a closed loop of lines. Task 2. 5.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 3: Creating a Sketched Hole Task 1. Sketch the section as shown in Figure 13 Figure 13: Sketched Hole Section 4. 2. 2.

1 4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Pag e 1 6.5] for the distance. 8. Figure 14: The Finished Model 5. 7. Type [12. 6. Pick the top of the cylindrical boss for the second dimensioning reference.For University Use Only . Click OK or the green checkmark. Save the model. Now cancel the insert mode.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 3. 4. Type [90] for the angle.

A Rib is a protrusion designed to create a thin web that is attached to a part.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODULE SUMMARY In this module. A Rib is always sketched as an open section in a side view—the system creates it symmetrically about the selected sketching plane. Addit ional A d van ced F eatu r es Pag e 1 6-15 . By creating Hole features using the Sketched Hole option. you can create counter-bores and countersunk holes instead of flat-bottomed holes. you learned that: • • • • Existing part surfaces can be deformed or changed using Draft features.For University Use Only .

For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited .

Commercial Use Prohibited Module The Resolve Environment Feature regeneration failures are an inevitable side effect of associativity and parametric modeling. you will be able to: • • • • • Enumerate the various kinds of failures encountered during regeneration. In order to effectively correct these situations Pro/ENGINEER provides the Resolve Environment.For University Use Only . Mastery of the fundamentals of the Resolve Environment is essential in order to become a truly proficient user of Pro/ENGINEER. Perform a quick fix on a failed feature. Objectives After completing this module. Effective use of Resolve mode allows the user to tweak existing features and parameters rather than recreating them to achieve the required design intent. Page 17-1 . Diagnose problems. Enter the Resolve Environment and understand its capabilities. Describe various approaches to changing the design of a model to resolve its feature failures.

Pro/ENGINEER brings you into the Resolve Environment. The current model displays only the features that have regenerated up to the point of failure. You resume a feature that now conflicts with another (such as having an edge round and a chamfer on the same edge). Entering the Resolve Environment As soon as a regeneration failure occurs. Pag e 1 7. where the following occurs: • • • • • The File pull-down menu is unavailable and you cannot save the model. The failed feature and all subsequent features remain un-regenerated. The assembly constraints for a component are invalid. The feature intersection is no longer valid because dimensional changes have moved the intersecting surfaces. Using the Resolve Environment Tools Once you have entered the Resolve Environment. Pro/ENGINEER displays the RESOLVE menu options in the Menu Manager and a diagnostics window.For University Use Only . You have violated a relation constraint. Diagnose the cause of the model failure using the current (failed) model or the backup model.2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES TYPES OF FAILURES Failures usually occur because a feature gets changed and the effected change conflicts with other features. you can address the failure problem using any of the following methods: • • Undo all of the changes that you have made since the last successful regeneration. An assembly you retrieve cannot open the required models that are included in the assembly. Pro/ENGINEER displays an explanation of the problem in the Message Area. These types of failures occur due to the following reasons: • • • • • • You create new features that are unattached and have one-sided edges.

you can work on the current failed model or a backup model.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES • • Attempt a quick fix of the problem using shortcuts for performing standard operations on the failed feature only. For example. The undo approach is most appropriate in those cases in which you either did not intend to make the change or you want to fix the problem in the model without using the Resolve Environment tools. the model itself still remains problematic. Change the failed model or a backup model using standard part or assembly functionality. if the feature fails because of the change that you have made. this may not be the best choice in some cases. Otherwise. If you use a backup model. The system gives you many diagnostic tools to perform an investigation. To interrogate the model. you can simply undo the step that brought you into the Resolve Environment. so that you can modify or restore dimensions of the features that are not displayed in the current model. even if you undo the change.prt prior to each regeneration. Pro/ENGINEER shows all features in their pre-regenerated state.For University Use Only . it is always good practice to interrogate the model to determine what has caused the model failure. Undoing Changes Rather than attempt to resolve the problem. If you select the Regen Backup option from the Environment dialog box. Specifying a Model When you diagnose the problem or change the model. you can use the FAILURE DIAGNOSTICS window to display the following information: The Reso lve En vi ronm ent Pag e 1 7-3 . However. the system saves a copy of the current model to disk with the name regen_backup_model####. Diagnosing the Problem When you use the Resolve Environment. and removes the file when you exit the Resolve Environment. Note: Keep in mind that the Resolve Environment tools are designed to resolve failures in order to allow you to build more robust models. it uses the last version of the current model saved on disk prior to the failure.

the feature just before the failed feature. you can use the Investigate option to obtain the following information about the current model or the backup model. Information concerning the failed feature. Invalid geometry of the failed feature. you can perform the following operations on the failed feature only: • • • • Redefine it. the state at the end of the last successful feature regeneration. All references for the failed feature in the model. if it exists: • • • • Modified dimensions. Pag e 1 7.4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Reroute it. Delete it with its children. Figure 1: Failure Diagnostics Window If you need to investigate the problem further. or a specified feature. Performing a Quick Fix on the Failed Feature Using the QUICK FIX menu. You can then choose to roll the model back to one of the following: the failed feature (for the backup model only). Suppress the failed feature along with its children.For University Use Only . Hints on resolving the problem.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES • • • A description of the current model and backup models. All modifications and changes.

Display the PART SETUP menu to perform additional part set up procedures. Modify dimensions using the standard MODIFY menu. consider any parent/child relationships that exist between features and components to avoid changing the intent of the model itself.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Note: When you make changes in the Resolve Environment. you may not be able to resume the feature later in the design. The Reso lve En vi ronm ent Pag e 1 7-5 . they can affect the failed feature or another specified feature. Regenerate the model again. delete. you can change any feature or component to solve the regeneration problem. you should investigate the cause of the failure before continuing with the part design.For University Use Only . you can use any of the following approaches: • • • • • • Use the FEAT menu to perform feature operations on the model. Specifically. As you change a model in the Resolve Environment. If you do not make any corrections. Add. parameters. however. as necessary. Restore dimensions. If you suppress features using the QUICK FIX menu. to regenerate the model. or all of these to their values prior to the failure. or modify relations. Changing the Model Using the FIX MODEL menu. relations.

Note that the system regenerats the two chamfers after the two protrusions. Insert after the second protrusion. which causes other features to fail. 4.6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Click Beginning from the START OPT menu. 1. Regenerate the model in steps. 2. Method: In this exercise. You will not see datum planes if you have them off.For University Use Only . Or use the click and drag. 2. Click Continue to regenerate feature by feature. Insert an edge round on the bottom edge of the model. Pro/ENGINEER allows you to insert features into the regeneration list before other features.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES LABORATORY PRACTICAL Goal: The general goal of this lab is to make you comfortable with regeneration failures and give you the skill to be able to successfully navigate the resolve environment. Review the Information Window and close it. 3. EXERCISE 1: Resolving a Failure Task 1. Pag e 1 7. Use the Feature List and Regen Info options to determine how the chamfer part was built. Click Info > Regen Info . 5. Click Info > Feature List . Click Feature > Insert Mode > Activate . Open the feature list. Add the rounds after the second (triangular) protrusion. Retrieve the chamfer part. Task 2. Start from the beginning and step through the model. you add features to a part. 1. Note that the system no longer displays the chamfers. You then investigate and resolve the problem in the Resolve Environment. Pick the second protrusion feature of the model. as shown in Figure 2.

Figure 2: The Resolve Model 3.0] followed by <ENTER>. Click OK . 9. 6. Enter a radius value. 4. Click Select All from the CHAIN OPT menu. The Reso lve En vi ronm ent Pag e 1 7-7 . Pick the round using a surface chain. Define it as a constant edge chain round. and click Done from the RND SET ATTR menu. Pick the bottom hidden surface. Create a simple edge round. 7. then click Done from the CHAIN menu. then click Accept . Pick all the highlighted edges to round. Then click Done from the ROUND TYPE menu.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Round these four edges. Type [2. 8. Leave Simple the default. Complete the round feature. Click Surf Chain from the CHAIN menu. Click Feature > Create > Solid > Round . 5.For University Use Only . Insert after this protrusion. Leave Constant and Edge Chain the defaults. Click Query Sel .

6. Click Feature List from the INFO pull-down menu. Note that the system created the round feature after the second protrusion. it regenerated successfully and the chamfer failed. click Close . Navigate through the window of the missing chamfer by clicking on each item and showing references. Accept the default Current Modl . Pro/ENGINEER places you in the Resolve Environment because it cannot regenerate the chamfer feature. Note: The edge references for the chamfer appear on the screen. Click Insert Mode > Cancel to exit insert mode. 4. but they are no longer part of the model. Review all of the information provided in the FAILURE DIAGNOSTICS window. 12. Diagnose the model’s problem. Task 3. Close the window. 1. 11.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 10. Close the window. When you have finished showing the missing references. note the regeneration status of the two chamfers. When the system asks you if you want to resume the features that it suppressed when activating insert mode. 5. Pag e 1 7. Click Investigate from the RESOLVE FEAT menu. Close the window. The round feature that you created removed these edges.8 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Click Resolve Hints and review Pro/ENGINEER’s suggestions for resolving the problem. Because it regenerated prior to the chamfer. 3. 2. and click Show Ref from the INVESTIGATE menu. The references for the chamfer feature no longer exist because the system replaced them with the round feature that you created in insert mode. type [yes ]. Click Close to exit the INFORMATION window.For University Use Only . Click Feature Info and review the Failed Feature Info. Also. Click Overview and review the Resolve Feature Overview.

Click Quick Fix from the RESOLVE FEAT menu. Resolve the failed feature by removing the failed chamfer feature from the part model. 1. Recall that the quick fix option for resolve only works on the failed feature. Click Info > Feature List . 2.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 4. Note that the chamfer feature is no longer part of the model. then click Delete from the QUICK FIX menu. Save the model and erase it from memory.For University Use Only . The Reso lve En vi ronm ent Pag e 1 7-9 . Again review the feature list. Read the prompt. Click Yes from the YES/NO menu to exit the Resolve Environment.

For University Use Only . Failures usually occur due to design changes in certain parts after an extensive model has been built up. The Failure Diagnostics window in the Resolve Environment displays accurate and specific information regarding particular failures.1 0 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . suppressing. A failed model can more permanently fixed by using the FIX MODEL menu. and deleting a feature along with its children are some of the “quick fixes” that can be performed on a failed feature. • Pag e 1 7. Pro/ENGINEER provides a Resolve Environment to rectify failed features. redefining. you learned that: • • • • • It is not uncommon for models to fail due to problems in design. Rerouting.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODULE SUMMARY In this module.

Retrieving specific information for model analysis and for manufacturing purposes is another crucial skill. you will be able to: • • • • Obtain different types of information regarding features. Calculate mass properties for a model.For University Use Only . parts.Commercial Use Prohibited Module Information Tools Providing Pro/ENGINEER with correct information to create complex designs is an important skill. In this module. While creating models. Objectives After completing this module. Page 18-1 . Obtain regeneration information. you learn to retrieve information. and assemblies. Use Model Analysis options to calculate clearance and interference. you have learned to stipulate information to the system.

how its parent/child relationships and parameters were formed. and reference dimensions in an INFORMATION WINDOW. Pag e 1 8. you can list all features in the model in their regeneration order and obtain the feature number. cross-sections. suppression order. you can obtain information about how a component was assembled. and entire models. Pro/ENGINEER provides useful tools to extract information about individual features. This option is particularly useful because it allows you to observe the design of a part. feature ID. all coordinate systems.2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . For this. and assists you in determining if poor design practices were used to create it. you can step successively through the regeneration of the part—starting from a specified feature or from the beginning—in the current order of creation. assembly components.For University Use Only . Accessing Information about Part Features Using the Model option. Obtaining Information about a Specific Feature Using the Info Feature option. you can obtain information about a particular feature in PART. type. The system lists regenerated and suppressed features.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODEL DESIGN INFORMATION It is good design practice to determine the way a model was built before making any modifications and additions to it. ASSEMBLY. you can access information about every feature on a part. Obtaining Regeneration Information Using the Regen Info option. and DRAWING modes. and regeneration status for each. name. regeneration. Using Feature List . Obtaining Information about the Assembly Using the Component option in ASSEMBLY mode.

In the INFORMATION WINDOW. However. In a mass properties calculation. the system does not include the mass of suppressed features or suppressed components in any assembly. you can compute mass properties for parts. INTERFERENCE. assemblies. You must recalculate the mass properties to see the effect of model changes. Calculating Mass Properties Using the Model Analysis option.For University Use Only . Calculate mass properties. if you set the configuration file option DISPLAY_FULL_OBJECT_PATH to yes.3 . it displays the full pathnames of the objects. Check interference. MEASUREMENT.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES You can also use the Model option to access information about selected assembly components. Tips & Techniques: The system lists only the names of the objects in the Information Window. mass properties do not automatically update when you make changes to the model. AND MASS PROPERTIES With Pro/ENGINEER’s ANALYSIS pull-down menu you can: • • • • Add engineering information to a model. the system displays the names of the components in a hierarchical structure to show how they were assembled. Note: By default. and cross-sections. along with their object-types and version-number suffixes. Analyze the model through measurement. Info rm atio n Tool s Pag e 1 8.

you can perform these checks on your model: • • Calculate volume or interference between pairs of any combination of subassemblies. • Pag e 1 8. parts.For University Use Only . surfaces.4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . cables. and entities Perform a global clearance check to find all pairs of parts or subassemblies with clearances less than a specified clearance distance Perform a global interference check to find all interfering pairs of parts or subassemblies.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Calculating Clearance and Interference Using the Model Analysis option.

5. 3. Click Info > Regen Info . Determine mass properties for the model. Click Info > Model . 6. Open GEAR_COUNTERWEIGHT.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES LABORATORY PRACTICAL Goal The goal of this lab is to enable you to elicit information that determines how a part was created. 7. Scroll through the feature list in the INFORMATION WINDOW dialog box. Click Show Dims . Interrogate the regeneration cycle of a gear part . Click Analysis > Model Analysis . feature by feature.PRT. Info rm atio n Tool s Pag e 1 8. Method In Exercise 1. Task 2. then close. Click Continue until the first solid feature appears. Click Continue to step through the regeneration of the part. 4.5 . you learn to use information tools to calculate measurements. 10. 1. 1. 8. Click Info Feat to obtain information about the feature to see how it was created. Click Close in INFORMATION WINDOW. EXERCISE 1: Using Information Tools Task 1. Click Beginning from the Menu Manager. 2.For University Use Only . 9. Complete the regeneration.

1. 1. accepting all the default options in the MODEL ANALYSIS dialog box. 3. Click Analysis > Measure 2. Pick the front cylindrical surface. Click Info in the MODEL ANALYSIS dialog box. The value for the surface area appears in the RESULTS area of the dialog box. 4. First pick this surface to calculate the surface area. 5. In the MEASURE dialog box. Figure 1: Measuring Surface Area and Curve Length Task 4. Click Compute . Scroll down the INFORMATION WINDOW and close it when you are done. 3. Measure the length of the gear edge feature. The mass properties information displays. Close the MASS PROPERTIES dialog box.For University Use Only . Measure the model. 4. Task 3.6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . The length of the edge appears in the message area of your screen and also in the RESULTS area of the dialog box. Pag e 1 8. Pick the gear edge as shown in Figure 1. 3.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 2. Click Curve Length in the TYPE drop-down list. click Area from the TYPE drop-down list. Pick this edge to measure the length. 2.

7. Click Vertex from the FROM drop-down list. Pick this vertex first. Click Distance from the TYPE drop-down list. The system measures the distance between vertices and displays it in the message area and in the Results area of the dialog box. 4. 3. Pick this vertex second. Pick the second vertex as shown.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 5.For University Use Only .7 . Measure the distance between two vertices: 1. Figure 2: Measuring Distance 8. 6. Info rm atio n Tool s Pag e 1 8. Pick the vertex as shown in Figure 2. Click Close . 2. Select Vertex from the TO drop-down list 5. Save the model and close the model window.

parts. and surface areas. cables. • • • • • Pag e 1 8.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODULE SUMMARY In this module.For University Use Only . In any model you can obtain information about any specific feature. length of curve edge. and sections using the Model Analysis option. In a part you can measure. You can calculate interference between pairs of any combination of subassemblies. distances between vertices. surfaces. You can access information about any specific part to learn how it was built feature by feature using the Regen Info option You can calculate mass properties for parts. you have learned that: • With Pro/ENGINEER you not only provide information to the system while building models but you can also retrieve information for analysis or manufacturing purposes. and entities to reduce the amount of calculation time needed to perform a global interference check among all components.8 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . among other things. assemblies.

For University Use Only . you will be able to: • • • • Locate configuration files on a network. Create map keys. Page 19-1 . Create a working session of Pro/ENGINEER that is completely different from the default session. This module teaches you how to modify Pro/ENGINEER ’s working environment.Commercial Use Prohibited Module Configuring Pro/ENGINEER You can configure Pro/ENGINEER either to create a company-wide standard or to suit your own individual needs. Configure the toolbar and Model Tree. Objectives After completing this module.

other configuration files cannot overwrite them. display formats. ½ Submitting project objects. calculation accuracy. By editing configuration files. This file can be used to establish customized company standards for all of your Pro/ENGINEER users. ½ Establishing default measurement units for new parts (such as millimeters instead of inches). it first reads in a protected system configuration file called CONFIG. you can set company standards for: ½ Storing formats. the number of digits used in Sketcher. The default name for the Pro/ENGINEER configuration file is config.SUP file locks out any duplicate entries in your local CONFIG. When starting Pro/ENGINEER. if a particular option is present in more than one configuration file. as shown in Figure 1. that is. The file can include settings for tolerance. These options are set.2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .PRO configuration files. it uses the latest value. ½ Establishing the location of directories that contain library items. Every entry in the CONFIG.For University Use Only .SUP from the directory <LOADPOINT>/TEXT (the directory from which you install Pro/ENGINEER). Configuration Files Pro/ENGINEER can read in configuration files from several areas.pro.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES CUSTOMIZING PRO/ENGINEER • • • • A configuration file allows you to customize your environment. However. Pag e 1 9. etc.

The following figure shows the PREFERENCES dialog box. using the Preferences option in the UTILITIES menu. Default values built into the software.PRO file in your home directory.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 1: Possible Locations of Configuration Files on a Network Pro/ENGINEER reads in configuration files from the following directories in this order: • • • • The CONFIG. Editing Configuration Files You can edit configuration files during your working session. Note For a complete listing of configuration file options and defaults.PRO file in your start-up directory. Co n f i g u r i n g P ro / E N G I NEE R Pag e 1 9. refer to the Introduction to Pro/ENGINEER User’s Guide.3 . The CONFIG.For University Use Only . The CONFIG.PRO file in the LOADPOINT directory.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 2 Preferences Dialog Box Note Configuration files are not automatically loaded after editing.For University Use Only .4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Pag e 1 9. A mapkey performs a series of picks when you type only one or two keystrokes. They have to be loaded by clicking Utilities > Preferences Creating Mapkeys • • A Mapkey is a keyboard macro that you can create using the Mapkeys option in the UTILITIES pull-down menu.

As you go down the menu options on the left.5 . and save mapkeys to a configuration file. modify. Co n f i g u r i n g P ro / E N G I NEE R Pag e 1 9. To do this. CONFIGURING THE TOOLBAR Adding Icons to Existing Toolbars All pull-down menu options can be associated with easy-to-use toolbar icons. you can create new icons and add them to existing toolbars The CUSTOMIZE dialog box includes a list of existing pull-down menu options on the left with corresponding icons on the right.For University Use Only . run. you can simply drag the associated icon of your choice onto the toolbar.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 3: Mapkeys and Record Mapkey Dialog Boxes • • The MAPKEYS dialog box lists each mapkey that is in session and provides a description of its function. This is illustrated in Figure 4. delete. The RECORD MAPKEY dialog box allows you to create.

This file automatically loads when Pro/ENGINEER is started the next time. Pull-down Menus and Mapkeys You can create a separate pull-down menu for the Mapkeys you newly defined. Pag e 1 9.WIN in the same directory that the file resides in. such as $F1. This allows the use of the mouse to select your mapkey definitions.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 4: Setting Toolbar Icons Saving the Settings • • • Save your changes to toolbars by using the Automatically Save To option in the CUSTOMIZE dialog box. Quick keys.For University Use Only .6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . are of course valid still for the mapkey. This option creates a file called CONFIG.

Show the text associated to the icon.7 . Choose a button image from a predefined list. The modifying options include the ability to: • • • • • • Delete the icon. Copy the icon image. Most importantly.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Tips & Techniques: Name keystrokes so that you can easily remember what they refer to. you can modify the displayed icon. Edit the icon image with an icon editor." Associating New Icons for Mapkeys Mapkeys have a default icon associated with them but you have the option to change the icon. complete with a configurable interface and search engine Co n f i g u r i n g P ro / E N G I NEE R Pag e 1 9.For University Use Only . Paste a copied icon image. THE MODEL TREE The Model Tree is a powerful tool to organize and manipulate active objects. An example is "sd” for “Cosmetic Shade. With the CUSTOMIZE dialog box open. the Model Tree is an information tool as well as an interactive operations tool.

Some commonly used columns are: • Info – provides information regarding: ½ Status (regenerated. or suppressed). you can also configure it to maintain predefined and customized columns that correspond to items in the tree. frozen. Feat Params – displays new parameters affecting a feature. ½ Feature number ½ Feature ID. unregenerated. as shown in Figure 5.8 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Pag e 1 9. ½ Feature type ½ Feature name • • • Layers – provides the status of layers. failed.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 5: Model Tree Display In addition to using the MODEL TREE tool to display features.For University Use Only . – displays new model parameters affecting the entire Model Params model.

9 .For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 6: Model Tree Columns Dialog Box The Model Tree Columns dialog box is available with the VIEW menu Model Tree Setup option. Co n f i g u r i n g P ro / E N G I NEE R Pag e 1 9.

1. you will develop a configuration file and a toolbar to customize the Pro/ENGINEER working environment. you will create a mapkey to help increase efficiency. Method In Exercise 1. 3. The system displays the PREFERENCES editor. In Exercise 3. Shade and spin the model. you will be able to optimize your Pro/ENGINEER interface to suit your day-to-day needs.PRT. 2. Pag e 1 9. Open BUSHING. Click Utilities > Preferences .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES LABORATORY PRACTICAL Goal By the end of this lab.For University Use Only . Start a new Pro/ENGINEER session. In Exercise 2. you will utilize the MODEL TREE to create and modify geometry.1 0 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . EXERCISE 1: Setting Up a Configuration File Task 1. Create a new configuration file in the local directory and edit it.

5. select By Category. Clear the Show only options loaded from file box. Co n f i g u r i n g P ro / E N G I NEE R Pag e 1 9. 4. Scroll down the list and select spin_center_display . 2. The default value is YES. 3. In the VALUE drop-down list. All of the options are now listed with the current value that is in effect listed in the VALUE column.For University Use Only . 1. View some of the options. All available options are now grouped according to the area of the system they impact. There are hundreds of configuration settings in Pro/ENGINEER.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 7: Editing the Configuration File Task 2. then begin altering the default values to tailor the working environment to suit your prefences. select Alphabetical . which means the spin center will always be displayed when Pro/ENGINEER is launched. In the SORT drop-down box. In the SORT drop-down box. click No > Add/Change .1 1 .

5. the system is trying to complete the option for you. 4.For University Use Only . In the VALUE drop-down list. Note: As you are typing. Check the Show only options loaded from file box. When the option is fully listed. 7. press <ENTER>. Only the options you have changed from the default settings will be listed. It presents the first option in the alphabetic list that meets your criteria. click YES > Add/Change .1 2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . type: [spin_with_part_entities]. Pag e 1 9. 6. In the OPTION box.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 8: Selecting a Configuration File Option. This option is added to the list of changed settings for this session of Pro/ENGINEER.

3. Look for an option that will prompt you to save any "unsaved" data when you exit Pro/ENGINEER. Repeat this process to search for an option to add more lines to the message area of Pro/ENGINEER. 2.For University Use Only . Add additional options using a Keyword Search. Click Find Now . One option is found. 1. Co n f i g u r i n g P ro / E N G I NEE R Pag e 1 9. In the TYPE KEYWORD box. type [message]. select the option. 7. In the CHOOSE OPTION area. Scroll to the left to read the Description of the option. 3. Notice the default value of YES in the SET VALUE box. Click Add/Change . 5. 2. 6.1 3 . 1. Click Find Now . type: [exit]. Task 4.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 9: Second Option Added Task 3. In the TYPE KEYWORD box. In the PREFERENCES dialog box click Find . 4. Select visible_message_lines .

Spin the part using the mouse.00]. 15.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 4. Some settings will require a software restart to be active 1. 2. Click . type [config.12 dimension. Pag e 1 9. Exit the system by clicking File > Exit > Yes . Start a new session of Pro/ENGINEER and open BUSHING. Select visible_message_lines in the PREFERENCES dialog box and type [5] in the VALUE box. In the NAME box. Pick the center hole of the bushing. Notice that the message window has been expanded to list five lines. Click Regenerate to update the geometry. Click Add/Change > Close . 11. Click OK > OK .For University Use Only . 12. Notice that the datum planes remain displayed during spinning. This is a result of the change to the spin_with_part_entities option. 3. 1. Pick the 19. Verify that the changed settings are currently in effect. 5. Modify a feature. you are presented with the option to save the model.1 4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . type [10. Task 6. Restart Pro/ENGINEER. Save the changes to the settings such that they will be in effect every time Pro/ENGINEER is launched. Click File > Exit . Press <ENTER> to save the part. 9. 14. Task 5. Since you modified the bushing but did not save it. 13. Click Modify. 8. 10.PRT.pro]. Click Apply > Close . 6. Click File > Exit to save the file and exit the editor.

2. 4. Click Setup > Name . Task 2. Create a mapkey that will rename a feature.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 2: Creating a Mapkey Task 1. Type [Feature Name] as the NAME. Pick on the hole feature in the model. Click OK . Click the checkbox or press <ENTER> 5. Click Save leaving the default name CURRENT_SESSION. Close the RECORD MAPKEY dialog box Co n f i g u r i n g P ro / E N G I NEE R Pag e 1 9.PRO. Click Utilities > Mapkeys . 3. Task 3. Open CRANK. 3. 2.For University Use Only . Click Stop in the RECORD MAPKEYS dialog box. 1. 7. Record the mapkey. 3. Select Pause for keyboard input . 5. Type [Shaft_bore ] 4.1 5 . 1. Type [Name a feature for easy identification] for DESCRIPTION.PRT 2. Define a mapkey to develop . Click Record . Type [fn] as the KEY SEQUENCE. Click Done . Click New in the MAPKEYS dialog box. 1. 8. 9. 6.

then click <ENTER> 4. Click Utilities > Customize Screen . 3. Test your new mapkey. In the MAPKEYS area of the dialog box. Pag e 1 9. Click Info > Feature List . 3. You can change the directory that the file is saved to. Select the third icon from the right. Task 5. click on the smiley face. 1.For University Use Only . 3. 1.WIN file to your working directory. pick 5. 4. as shown below: Figure 10 Inserting Erase Icon into the Standard Toolbar Task 6. Now click and drag it from the dialog box onto your toolbar. In the CUSTOMIZE dialog box. Type [fn ].Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 4. Pick on the boss and type [boss ] as the new name. 1.1 6 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Note The system will automatically save the changes the CONFIG. select Mapkeys in CATEGORIES to highlight it. Learn to include an icon onto your toolbar. In the PICK MAPKEY ICON dialog box. 2. 2. 2. Read the description. Click Modify Selection > Choose Button Image . Customize your toolbar to include an icon for the [fn ] mapkey you created. then click Description . You will notice the new names you have given to the model features. Drag and place the icon next to the OPEN icon on the SAVE toolbar.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Task 7. 2. 1. Erase the current testing model from memory. Leave the option to automatically save the file and click OK . Click the newly added Erase Current icon from the toolbar.For University Use Only . Finish the definition of the toolbars. A part of your customized toolbar could look like this: Figure 11:Customized Toolbar Feature Name mapkey icon 3. then click Yes . Co n f i g u r i n g P ro / E N G I NEE R Pag e 1 9. Notice the entry at the bottom of the dialog box.1 7 .

Suppress a feature from the MODEL TREE . Use the MODEL TREE to modify some dimensions of a model.For University Use Only . Pick R5 on the model and type [4. Pag e 1 9. then click Suppress . 4. Figure 12: Model Tree as an Information Tool Task 2. Regenerate the part. 1. 2.PRT. then click Modify 3.0] as the new value. Open the GEAR_COUNTERWEIGHT. Right-click Hole id 166 in the MODEL TREE.1 8 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES EXERCISE 3: Configuring the Model Tree Task 1. 1. Right-click Round id 200 .

Co n f i g u r i n g P ro / E N G I NEE R Pag e 1 9. Select FeatID from the NOT DISPLAYED column. 1. Figure 13: Model Tree Columns Dialog Box Task 5. Click View > Model Tree Setup > Item Display . Show the suppressed features in the model. 2. Task 3.For University Use Only . Click View > Model Tree Setup > Column Display . Add columns to the model tree to customize it. 3. Add layer status. Click >> to move it to the DISPLAYED column.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 2. The system now displays the suppressed features in the MODEL TREE with a black box next to the feature icon. 1. 1. 2. symbolizing that the feature is suppressed.1 9 . Click and right-click to resume the hole and DTM4. Resume the two features. Select Layer > Layer Status from the TYPE drop-down list.. Click OK in the WARNING dialog box to confirm. Task 4.

Pag e 1 9. Save the model and erase it from memory. Use the default name so that it will be loaded automatically the next time Pro/ENGINEER is started in this directory. 3.2 0 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Select the FeatID row and type [3] as the new WIDTH value. Save the settings for the MODEL TREE to be used again at a later date. Click Utilities > Model Tree Settings > Save . 3. Select the Layer Status row and type [10] as the new WIDTH value. 1. Click >> to add it to the CURRENT column. 3.For University Use Only . Task 7.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 2. Click View > Model Tree Setup > Column Display . Click OK to save. 1. 2. 2. Click OK . 4. Task 6. Click OK . then increase the size of the MODEL TREE window so that you can see these columns. Change the column format to decrease the size for feature id to 3 and layer status to 10.

The MODEL TREE can be used as an effective information tool with many customizable columns. You can create mapkeys. or macros. You should first load the CONFIG.2 1 . you learned that: • • • • • • The Pro/ENGINEER environment is customizable.PRO file in order to configure your environment.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODULE SUMMARY In this module. Co n f i g u r i n g P ro / E N G I NEE R Pag e 1 9. New pull-down menus can be created. New toolbars and toolbar icons can be created to associate with the mapkeys you create. of frequently used series of steps in the design process.For University Use Only .

For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited .

Commercial Use Prohibited Module Modeling Philosophy Throughout this training course. Describe the nature and uses of Relations. Recapitulate the ways to change design intent. This module recapitulates some of the salient points about design intent that have been covered thus far. List the advantages of Pro/ENGINEER’s associativity. you will be able to: • • • • • Describe the steps in recording the design criteria for a new model. Recapitulate the uses of Pro/ENGINEER as a parametric tool in parent/child relationships. while raising certain other points that need elaboration. Capturing design intent by various methods is the core of Pro/ENGINEER’s modeling philosophy. assemblies and drawings. Page 20-1 . design intent is the one thread that connects all the various techniques for creating parts. Objectives After completing this module.For University Use Only .

you should record the design criteria for the model that would include: • • • Order of features Base feature Feature duplication • • • Feature form Feature type Depth Figure 1: Considering the Model Using Pro/ENGINEER as a Parametric Tool • • One of the major facets of the parametric nature of Pro/ENGINEER is the ability to generate parent/child relationships.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES THE DESIGN INTENT Recording Your Design Criteria Before you commence model creation. You can also use Pro/ENGINEER to interrelate feature dimensions by creating relations without creating parent/child relationships. Creating Parent/Child Relationships Methods The following are some of the ways in which you can create parent/child relationships among features: • Specifying the sketching/placement plane. Pag e 2 0.For University Use Only .2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .

relations can elevate as well as optimize certain design criteria. A multitude of objectives can be met this way. Behavioral Modeler With Behavioral Modeler you have the ability to perform an iterative analysis of your design by developing a Design Study. Relations for Optimizing Design If you have developed good parent/child relationships along with a welldefined parametric behavior of the model. Find a set of values of specified model parameters that satisfy a set of design specific criteria using a Feasibility study. features leads to easy regeneration while reducing the effort needed in designing complex machines. Modeli ng Ph i losoph y Pag e 2 0-3 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES • • • • Orienting the reference plane. Component constraints. Advantages of Pro/ENGINEER’s Associativity Creating Assemblies Associativity among drawings. You can: • • • Determine the dependency between a design specification and a model parameter or dimension using a Sensitivity Analysis. Find a set of values of specified parameters that optimize the design based on some criteria while satisfying a set of design specifications using an Optimization study.For University Use Only . Dimensioning and specifying references. parts. Using Relations Relations allow you to create a relationship between features or components in an assembly without creating a parent/child relationship in which child features control their parents. Note You can document the modeling intent by commenting the relation and changing the symbolic name. Defining depth.

Reroute – Changes the regeneration cycle by allowing you to insert features or components into the regeneration cycle. and control the design intent of a product model.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Creating Skeleton Parts You can also create parts at the assembly level. Insert Mode – Reorder – Changes the order of the regeneration of existing features in a part or components in the assembly. to capture the intent of the interrelationship between components in an assembly. Redefine Changes the external references that features and components have in a model. You can also use these parts to define motion in an assembly.4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Pag e 2 0. Figure 2: Skeleton Example Using Engineering Notebooks Pro/ENGINEER allows you to generate a centralized location to capture. referred to as skeletons. document. Interchange Mode – Changes the design intent of an assembly by swapping one functionally equivalent model with another.For University Use Only . Layouts and parametric relations can be stored and retrieved as necessary Changing Design Intent • • • • • – Changes any of the originally defined elements in features or defined constraints in an assembly.

Pro/ENGINEER’s feature-based.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODULE SUMMARY In this module. and associative nature has many advantages in achieving the desired intent. • • Modeli ng Ph i losoph y Pag e 2 0-5 . the Resolve Environment to solve regeneration problems—all in their own respective ways help in the overarching goal of capturing design intent and thus are essential components of Pro/ENGINEER's modeling philosophy. you learned that: • • • Pro/ENGINEER’s modeling philosophy is driven by considerations of effectively capturing design intent. Information tool.For University Use Only . drawings. the behavioral modeler. the ability to customize Pro/ENGINEER environment. Parent/Child Relationships in Assemblies and methods of specifying and altering them enables changes in intent. engineering notebooks. The capacity to introduce parametric relations while creating models is a special feature of the software that furthers the cause of design intent capture. parametric.

Commercial Use Prohibited .For University Use Only .

Objectives After completing this module. You should work through this project at your own pace as time permits. The purpose of this project is to allow you to work with a minimum of step by step instruction in order to reinforce the concepts you are learning in this class. Feel free to discuss your progress with the instructor or your classmates. Page A-1 .Commercial Use Prohibited Appendix Project Laboratory This module contains an extended project for you to do when you finish the specific module exercises.For University Use Only . you will be able to: • Apply the concepts you have learned in this course to actual design projects.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES INTRODUCTION Throughout the next few days you will design components for an assembly and document them through production drawings. length = mm. you will be working in the directory named project and units for all parts. In this project. you create the motor part. Try to use the project components that you create during the course of the week to develop the project. The models develop a blower and motor assembly consisting of eight components. snap ring part.For University Use Only . drawings and assemblies will be metric. and upper housing part. there are supplied models that can be used to complete sections of the project laboratories. However. if you would like to skip portions of the project.2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . lower housing part. Throughout the project. Snap rings Motor housing Cover Motor shaft 8SSHU KRXVLQJ Lower housing Blower Figure 1: Completed Project Pag e A.

For University Use Only .5 X 60. as shown in Figure 3 (with the height measuring 60. Figure 2: Dimensions for Motor Part 1. 2. You may want to extrude a 70. along with holes. measuring 82.00 from the center of the motor). This foundation must be rectangular. Create a new part named “motor”. In addition. you also use relations to maintain the electronics support foundation (rectangular shaped protrusion) a constant distance from the back surface of the base feature.00diameter circle to a blind depth of 90.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES PART CREATION SECTION 1: Creating the Motor Part To follow the design intent of the motor part. you must build it using only those dimensions shown in Figure 2. 3.0. You create the part using extruded sketched features. P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A.00.3 . Create the first solid feature. Add a feature to represent the electronics support foundation.

Pag e A. Add a cut feature to the model so that you can remove material to receive an armature.5 away from the surface of the cylindrical base feature. Write a relation to cause the size of the electronics support (base feature) to change when the base feature depth changes.0-diameter hole feature to the back of the motor to use for the motor shaft. 8. The 5. To follow the design intent.For University Use Only . Tips & Techniques: You should pay careful attention to your selection or creation of a datum plane for the section. Add a 15. 5. 7.00-diameter and leave a 5. Remember to change the dimension back to the original depth value of 90. 6. as shown in Section A-A in Figure 2. Assign it a 60.4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .0wall thickness at the back of the motor. as well as what type of feature you create. Save the model and clear the window by erasing the part.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 3: Electronics Support Foundation 4. Add the 100. Regenerate the part and test the relation by modifying the depth dimension of the base feature.0-diameter front protrusion feature to the model so that you can use it for a bolt flange.0 wall thickness it the key to these selections. place the electronics support foundation a distance of 7.

You may want to extrude a 120diameter semicircle to a blind depth of 80. Create the first solid feature. create the feature with an open section. 3. (Hint: Using the power of feature-based modeling. Figure 4: Lower Housing Part 1. Create a part named “lower_housing.” 2. Create a flange to bolt this part to another component in an assembly.) P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A.For University Use Only . the support feature and flange feature should change as well.1 (see Figure 5). In addition. if the diameter dimensions of the base support changes. the revolved cut must remain a specific distance from the side surfaces of the base feature so that the model maintains a specific wall thickness.5 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES SECTION 2: Creating the Lower Housing Part According to the design intent of the lower housing part. Give the flange feature dimensions of 15 x 4.

Add the base support feature to the model. Sketch the feature on the central datum plane and extrude the feature in both directions. Figure 6: Lower Housing Base Support Pag e A.6 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 5: Lower Housing Flange 4. as shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7.For University Use Only .

the sketched centerline is aligned to the silhouette edge of the cylindrical surface of the base feature. 5.For University Use Only . Add a revolved cut feature to the model as shown in Figure 8. Regardless of how the base feature changes in depth. the wall thickness should remain 2.7 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 7: Lower Housing Base Support Section Note: In this figure.5. Figure 8: Lower Housing Revolved Cut P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A.

Figure 9: Lower Housing Cut 7. Pag e A.For University Use Only .8 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 6. Add a 30-diameter hole feature at the rear of the housing. Refer to Figure 4. After you have finished. Cut away part of the front housing. as shown in Figure 9. save the model and erase the part from memory.

Figure 10: Snap Ring Dimensions 1. it does not need a flexible design.9 .” 2. so you can create it with only two features. Create a solid feature by extruding the outline of the snap ring.For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES SECTION 3: Creating the Snap Ring Part Since the snap ring part is an “off-the-shelf” item. as shown in Figure 11.5mm Figure 11: Snap Ring Section P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A. The part has a thickness of 1. Create a part named “snap_ring.

After you have finished. Figure 12: Snap Ring Rounds Pag e A.For University Use Only . Round these edges. Add a 2-radius simple edge round as indicated.1 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . save and erase the model.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 3.

You use a swept feature to create a portion of the model geometry that represents the housing. you can avoid having to create an additional datum plane later. giving it a distance of 81.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES SECTION 4: Creating the Upper Housing Part According to the design intent of the upper housing part. 3. Use a swept protrusion with the Free Ends attribute to create a portion of the housing discharge (Figure 14).5 from the P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A. Extrude on both sides of the sketching plane so that you can use the same sketching plane for the trajectory of the discharge housing.For University Use Only . and you place the discharge on the model symmetrically back-to-front. Make the trajectory of the sweep a line and arc. you create a blend feature to incorporate the widening characteristic of the discharge housing. Extrude a 120-diameter semicircle to a depth of 80. By extruding the base feature on both sides of the sketching plane. To complete the housing discharge geometry. Figure 13: Upper Housing Dimensions 1. Create a part named “upper_housing 2.11 . centering the sweep about the base feature. the diameter dimension of the base feature drives the model.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES end of the line to the center of the housing.For University Use Only . Locate the start point of the trajectory at the end of the line (notice the centerlines in Figure 16).1 2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . regardless of the diameter of the base feature. Trajectory Section Figure 14: Completed Sweep Trajectory Start point Figure 15: Sweep Trajectory Section Pag e A. Create the cross-section as a rectangle. Ensure that the sweep remains attached to the base feature at this location. by aligning the endpoint of the arc to both the cylindrical and planar surfaces of the base feature (see Figure 15). and assigning a radius of 100 to the arc.

13 . (Hint: Use a centerline to denote symmetry in Sketcher mode). Create a straight parallel blend to complete the discharge of the housing.For University Use Only . Use only two sections with a depth of 57. Create Section 1 of the blend using the edge of the sweep.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Section Centerlines (provided by system) Figure 16: Sweep Section 4. Section 1 Section 2 P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A.5 for Section 2.

Your part should look like Figure 18.For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 17: Blend Sections 5. edge chain round with a radius of 15 Your part should look like Figure 19 Pag e A.1 4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Create a simple. Figure 18 Blend Complete 6.

Figure 20: Shell References P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A.For University Use Only . Remove two hidden surfaces for the shell feature. As references.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Pick this edge for the tangent chain of the 40 radius Pick this edge for the 5 radius Figure 19: Upper Housing Rounds 7. pick the edges where the swept protrusion intersects the first solid feature. Create another simple edge round with a radius of 5.15 . create a simple edge round with a radius value of 40. 8. as shown in Figure 19. To improve airflow.

and the bottom flat surface of the first solid feature. Remove these two surfaces as references: the end surface of the discharge diffuser (planar surface of the blended feature). as shown in Figure 21. Note: To create a datum axis choose Create . create a datum axis. Datum . Thru Cylinder and select the cylindrical surface of the base protrusion. Specify a value of 2. Flange Hole Detail Figure 21: Upper Housing Flange and Cut 12. Add a 04.5-diameter cut in the front of the housing. 10. as shown in Figure 21.5 for the shell thickness. create a coaxial hole. Axis . 11. If an axis exists in the model. If the model does not have an axis. Make a 97. Pag e A. Create a shell feature.1 6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .For University Use Only .1-thick bolting flange. Make a 30-diameter hole in the back of the housing. Make this feature similar to the flange on the motor part.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 9. You will learn more about datum axis in a later chapter.

For University Use Only . Add a straight hole. as shown in Detail A in Figure 21. P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A. save the model and erase it from memory. After you have finished.17 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 22: Upper Housing 13.

you can observe the associativity between the part. you only change the motor part in Part mode. placing the motor part as the first component. When creating these assemblies and production drawings. The stored models are indicated in parenthesis ( ).Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES CREATING ASSEMBLIES AND DEVELOPING PART MODELS To complete the parts for these assemblies. you can either use the models that you created previously or the models that are stored in a library which reflect the model at the end of the previous project. and add relations in both Part and Assembly modes. In this portion of the project. Although the models are not complete. SECTION 1: Creating the Motor Assembly According to the design intent of the motor assembly. and drawing files.1 8 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Note: You should attempt to use the models that you completed from the previous project lab.For University Use Only . you modify the parts. create new features. As you complete this project. you fully constrain all part models into the assembly. assembly. you also start creating production drawings and assemblies. Figure 23: Exploded View of Completed Motor Assembly Pag e A.

For University Use Only . After placing it in the assembly. Figure 25: Alignment References for Motor Shaft P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A. Assemble the motor shaft part (beta_shaft. 2.prt) into the assembly (Figure 24 and Figure 25).19 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 1.prt) to the default assembly datum planes. Figure 24: Motor Shaft Assembled into Motor Align inside surface of revolved cut of motor shaft with back surface of motor. turn off the datum planes to make it easier to place the remaining component. 3. Assemble the motor part you created in the previous project lab (or beta_motor. Create an assembly named “motor”.

Pattern the first snap ring groove to create a second one 141.For University Use Only . Note that the snap ring groove now appears in the shaft. 10. Open the motor assembly. Save and close the shaft part model. 9.8 from the leader.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 4.PRT (beta_ring.prt) into the shaft groove (revolved cut) of motor shaft. as shown in Figure 26.PRT to the motor part.2 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 7. Assemble SNAP_RING. Figure 26: Patterning the Groove 6. Assemble COVER. 5. Create another snap ring groove in the shaft so that it does not slide into the motor.prt) in a separate window. Create an assembly pattern to assemble the second snap ring into the assembly using “ref pattern” 11. Pag e A. Only create parent child references between the motor part and the cover. 8. Turn the datum planes back on. Retrieve the motor shaft part (beta_shaft.

21 . P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A. Regenerate after the modification.5.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 27: Motor Assembly 12.prt). Change the distance to 127.For University Use Only . Save the assembly. 13. Note that the patterned snap ring groove is positioned too far down on the shaft. Modify the offset of the patterned grove and in the motor shaft part (beta_shaft.

2. To prepare the motor for mounting holes. have not been completed. When prompted for the dimensioning scheme. Retrieve the motor part (beta_motor.prt).For University Use Only . create a set of holes in the motor to match the ones that you are going to create in the cover. use a radial dimension.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES SECTION 2: Concurrent Design of the Motor Housing The motor housing. Add a hole at an angle using radial placement. You can work concurrently between assemblies and parts in Pro/ENGINEER.2 2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 1. When you have finished. as well as most of the components of the assembly. Create a radial pattern using three instances. save the model and close the window. Create this hole first Figure 28: Radial Pattern of Holes in the Motor Pag e A.

Create an assembly named “blower. 3. As you place components into the assembly. several features are going to be missing. Figure 29: Hole Dimension P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A. you use the lower housing as the base component and assemble everything to it.For University Use Only . 1. create the hole in lower housing and pattern it in Assembly mode. Create these features using the Modify in Assembly mode. Assemble lower_housing. you use Pattern from the same menu. Modifying the part at assembly level. The lower housing was created without any holes in the mounting flange. 2. In the next task. Create a straight hole on the flange with the dimensioning scheme shown in Figure 29.prt) to the three default assembly datum planes. Note: Do not exit the FEATURE menu after creating the hole.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES SECTION 3: Creating the Blower Assembly According to the design intent of this assembly.prt (beta_lower.23 .

Change the dimension for the blower fins from 73. Note: In another project lab you will center the blower model inside the housing via a relation. According to the design intent. Mod Part . you use Copy from the same menu.) Use a mate offset command with an offset value of 1 to place it with respect to the back of the lower housing. View the obvious interference between lower housing and blower by shading the model.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 4. If you exited the FEATURE menu. In the next task. you should mirror the flange along with the pattern of holes to the other side of the model (as shown in Figure 30). Exit the part modification menus. Pattern the hole for a total of four (4) instances including the original. use the part called beta_blower in the current directory. Note: Do not exit the FEATURE menu after creating the pattern. 7.For University Use Only .0 and regenerate the part. 5. Figure 30: Mirror References Mirror protrusion and holes 6. (If you did not finish the model. choose Modify.5 to 65. Mirror plane Offset from this surface for the blower .2 4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Assemble the blower that part you completed in the “Patterns and Feature Copying” lesson. then choose Feature . Select the lower housing. Pag e A.

10. Save the part file and close the subwindow. 9. Use Copy . Save the assembly and erase the window. Fully constrain the component by mating the flange surfaces. Note that the assembly now reflects the changes that you made in Part mode.For University Use Only .prt) to the lower housing. Activate the assembly window. Assemble the upper housing part (beta_upper. 12. Create the four holes by patterning them with an increment of 20. The upper housing does not have a pattern of mounting holes on the flange.25 . Open the part so that you can make the changes in Part mode in a subwindow. and aligning the front faces on both components. P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A. 11.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 8. Figure 31: Upper Housing Copy Command Mirror protrusion and holes. Mirror to create the bolt flange and holes on the other side of the base feature. aligning the central axis.

Use No Scale to allow Pro/ENGINEER to determine the scale of the drawing. Add the back projected view. 4. In the drawing.prt) with the drawing. you set up the drawing views only. the views and dimensions update with changes to the part model regardless of whether you made the changes in Part.” Use a C-size sheet and associate motor. you now begin creating the production drawings. FOURTH VIEW FIFTH VIEW SIXTH VIEW 6(&21' 9. Create a drawing named “motor. Add the front projected view. labeled as the second view in Figure 32.(: FIRST VIEW THIRD VIEW Figure 32: Placement of Views for Motor Drawing 2. Pag e A.For University Use Only . Add the first general view. Orient it to a side view of the motor model using the default datum planes.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES SECTION 4: Creating the Motor Part Drawing Although you have not completely finished the motor part. Assembly. you do the detailing later. 1.2 6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . or Drawing mode. labeled as the third view in Figure 32. In this portion of the project. 3.prt (beta_motor.

Change the display mode of the remaining views to No Hidden . change the display mode to Hidden line . 10.27 . Create a drawing named “motor_asm. For the first. 11. 6. No Disp Tan . it remains at that setting even if you change the Environment setting. Change the display mode of the views. Add sixth view as a general view with a scale of 0. FOURTH VIEW SECOND VIEW FIRST VIEW THIRD VIEW Figure 33: Placement of Views for the Motor Assembly Drawing P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A. 8.” Use a C-size sheet and associate the MOTOR. Add the top projected view.ASM model to the drawing using the dialog box. Tan Phantom .75.For University Use Only .drw. labeled as the fifth view in Figure 232. third. labeled as the fourth view in Figure 32.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 5.. Note: Once you set a view using Display Mode . Add the cross-section view. Save the drawing. 7. and fifth views. 9.

Change the display mode of all of the views to No Hidden . 13. 16. Place the fourth projection view. Place the third projection view. Choose No Scale . Pag e A. No Disp Tan . 14. Place the first general view.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 12. Place the second projection view. 15. When you have finished.For University Use Only .2 8 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . save the model and erase all.

After accomplishing these tasks.For University Use Only . you continue developing the models according to the design intent by adding more features to the parts. In addition.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES MODEL INTERROGATION For this project. and add cooling slots to the top of the cover. The cover part is incomplete. analyzing mass properties for individual parts and whole assemblies. Figure 34: Cover Modifications P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A. as shown in Figure 34.29 . you must create tabs to mount the cover to the motor part. you write relations to prevent interference between components. you then place the blower subassembly into the motor assembly. According to the design intent. and investigating interference between components.

Resume the suppressed features. Reorder the cut and pattern after the first protrusion. Note that in Figure 36.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES SECTION 1: Designing the Cover Part 1. The second protrusion was originally sketched on the inside of the base feature. as shown in Detail C of Figure 34. Open the cover part. Add the first slot. Material is removed due to feature order. and note the difference on the model. suppress the protrusion.3 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . including the original. and round on top of the base feature. 5. Figure 36: X-Section of Cover Before Reorder Pag e A. Pattern the slot for a total of seven (7) instances. Figure 35: Cover Part 2. hole. To make it easier to create the slotted cuts representing cooling slots. 6.For University Use Only . 4. the system removed the underside of the small cylindrical boss when you added the cooling fins. 3.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Reorder leaves material in place. use an internal datum at an angle. For the horizontal or vertical reference plane.0. Open section P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A. Sketch the open section shown in Figure 38. Extrude to a depth of 5.For University Use Only . Add a protrusion that you can pattern rotationally. Figure 37: X-Section of Cover after Reorder 7.31 . You can then use the associated angle to pattern later.

9. Pattern the leader tab. Create a datum axis through the cylindrical surface of the leader tab. When you have finished.5. Figure 39: Cover Before Reference Pattern of Holes 12. Make the diameter 7.3 2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . including the original. Reference pattern the straight hole. 10.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Angle from Make Datum Cylindrical surface for axis Figure 38: Rotational Pattern 8. 11. Pag e A. Make a total of three instances. save the model. Reference pattern the datum axis.For University Use Only . incrementing the angle by 120 degrees. Create a co-axial straight hole on the leader tab.

Suppress all features. except for the first solid protrusion and the default datum planes. 3. An open section will also work.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES SECTION 2: Completing the Motor Part You have now determined the final design of the base support for the motor part. as shown in Figure 41. Figure 40: Changes to the Motor Part 1.) P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A. you create a support foundation on the cylindrical base feature. 2. (Hint: Use a section that will not fill the central hole when it is resumed.prt).33 . Add a feature for the motor foundation.For University Use Only . In this section of the project. Open the motor part (gamma_motor.

Mirror the patterned cut features that are on the side of the electronics foundation to the other side. Create a cut on the side of the electronics foundation. save the model and erase all. as shown in Detail A of Figure 40. including the original.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 41: Motor Foundation 4.3 4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 5. Pattern the cut to include four (4) instances. Pag e A. After you have finished. Figure 42: Side Cut 6. Resume all suppressed features.For University Use Only .

3. Explode the assembly model so that you can see inside the model.5. Toggle the results of the models by clicking on the arrows in the dialog box. Regenerate the assembly. Use the Model Analysis… option in the Analysis pulldown menu. Measure the interference between the members of the blower assembly. P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A. Retrieve BLOWER. you also create a Bill of Materials (BOM) and calculate the mass properties of the components in the assembly.prt) blade from 65 depth to 73. Select Global Interference from the Type drop-down list in the dialog box.For University Use Only . as shown in Figure 44.ASM. In addition. Change the height of the blower parts (gamma_blower. Toggle between Figure 43: Modal Analysis Dialog Box 4.35 . Choose the defaults shown in Figure 43. Click Modify. (gamma_blower. Mod Explode to change the position of the blower using a normal plane. you measure interference and create an assembly relation to prevent the blower part from interfering with the other components.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES SECTION: 3: Completing the Blower Assembly To finish the assembly. 1.asm) 2.

Develop a relation that drives the blower to always be centered within the lower housing by driving the offset value.3 6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . At the current values the distance is equal to 75 – (5 + 2. Distance and selecting the surfaces shown in Figure 44. Remember the distance value.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Select this surface to define the Select these two surfaces Figure 44: Exploding the Assembly 5. 7. Pag e A. Use the parameters shown in Figure 45. Measure the distance from the back inside surface of the blower to the front inside surface of the blower using Analysis .5 + 5) or 62. Determine the distance that can be used for the blower.5. Modify the blade height again on the blower so it will fit within the lower housing of the model. 6.For University Use Only . Change the blade length to be distance you just measured minus the thickness of the top and base of the blower and a clearance. Measure .

37 . d10:0. According to the design intent. 11. Enter the parameter name in the relation to automatically create a number parameter in the model. Create a number parameter in the lower housing part.For University Use Only .5 (shown as d8:0. Activate the assembly window again. 9.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES BLOWER PART LOWER_HOUSING PART Figure 45: Symbolic Dimensions for Assembly Relations 8. Choose Relations and pick the revolved cut and base protrusion to show their symbolic dimensions.prt) part in a subwindow. Save lower_housing. you must control the wall thickness.prt) and close the window.prt (or the gamma_lower. This intent was captured by driving the revolved cut off the dimension of 2. Remember to use symbolic dimensions. P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A. Write a relation that is equal to the length of the cut (cut_length = d1 – (d8+ d10)). 10. Note that the lower housing part does not have any dimensions that control the inside dimension of the interior opening. Open the lower housing (or the gamma_lower. and d9:0 in Figure 45) from all the edges of the surface of the model.

(example 7. Click Analysis > Model Analysis to calculate the mass properties of the assembly.prt) in another window. Open the blower part (or gamma_blower.3 8 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Regenerate the model. Use the Info menu to create a BOM. depending on the order in which you added the relations. Pag e A. 14. Drive the offset of the blower model within the lower housing so that they are equally offset.height:2)/2. you may have to regenerate twice.For University Use Only . (Hint: Use Sort Rels . Check the message area to see if the system displayed a warning. Add the following relation. Add the density values of your choice to the components. save the model. height = d1+d9+d18. 13. blade and top. to automatically create the parameter height. When you have finished. Enter a relation similar to d0:1 = (cut_length:0 . Save the blower and close the window.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 12.) 16. 15.63e-9 tonne/mm3 for steel) 17. Create another parameter in the blower model that represents the overall height of the blower including the base.

While suppressing components. 4. (gamma_motor.asm. Retrieve the motor.39 .asm) 2. and the appropriate axis on the motor.ASM (or gamma_motor. you finish the motor assembly by constraining the blower assembly into the motor assembly. Change the column display of Model Tree show Status and FeatID . Figure 46: Model Tree for Motor Assembly 5. the system places you into the Resolve Environment because component references are missing. List suppressed components by choosing Show from the Tree pull-down menu and Suppress . Pick the axis on the first hole of the tabs on the cover.ASM (gamma_blower.asm) subassembly. 3.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES SECTION 4: Finishing the Motor Assembly In this portion of the project.” P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A. 1.For University Use Only . Add an alignment constraint. Redefine the component constraints of the cover so that the mount holes align with the motor holes. Assemble the BLOWER. Create a layer at the top-level assembly called “base_comp.asm) subassembly into the MOTOR. Use your own discretion when choosing the constraints. You also examine the difference between blanking layers in an assembly and suppressing components using the Model Tree tool.

but it is still listed in the Model Tree with the status of Regenerated . Set all of the components (not the sub-assemblies) of the motor part to the BASE_COMP layer. Suspend all child components.For University Use Only . However. Unblank the BASE_COMP layer. Note: Pro/ENGINEER prompts you to select an option for the child components. 10. as shown in Figure 47.4 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Repaint Figure 47: Set Display Dialog Box Note: Note that the motor part is no longer visible in the working window. Blank the BASE_COMP layer.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 6. Pag e A. Suppress the motor component. 7. you cannot reroute or redefine them because they all reference the base component of the assembly. 9. 8. Select the BASE_COMP layer. Select the Blank icon.

For University Use Only . . Once you have exited the Resolve Environment. review the suppressed. This action causes the assembly to fail. To exit the Resolve Environment. and regenerated components listed in the Status column of the Model Tree. frozen. P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Note: Suspend is a temporary action. 13. 11. 12. select Quick Fix and Freeze for all of the components. Note that all frozen components automatically update in the Model Tree. another component causes you to remain in the Resolve Environment because it is also missing references. The system places you into the Resolve Environment because the child components have missing references. it only suspends components in place until the next regeneration. which in this situation occurs as soon as you choose Done/Return .41 . Resume the motor part. As soon as the system freezes one component. Save the model and erase all components.

ASSEMBLIES. Create three sketched holes using a radial placement. AND DRAWINGS Now you bring everything together by completing the parts. you examine the associativity between all three modes of Pro/ENGINEER.prt). 3. You make these changes in Part mode. you increase the width of the front flange of the motor part and change the holes in the flange. Delete the three holes on the front flange. assemblies. Front flange Figure 48: Changes to Motor Part SECTION 1: Developing the Motor Part According to the design intent.For University Use Only . 1.4 2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 4.prt (or delta_motor. Change the thickness of the front flange to 15. Pag e A. The sketched section is detailed in Figure 49. After documenting the motor part and motor assembly in production drawings. 2.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES FINISHING PARTS. Retrieve motor. and drawings that you have been developing throughout this training course.

P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A.43 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 49: Sketched Hole Section Figure 50: The Completed Holes 5.For University Use Only . Save the model and close the window.

Pag e A. Build a rib between the cylindrical base feature and the foundation base. Retrieve LOWER_HOUSING. See Figure 51 below for dimensions. Create a draft feature on the two parallel sides of the rib.For University Use Only . and use Make Datum to create an offset datum as the sketching plane taking care of the offset direction. parallel to the base surfaces. Accept the default attributes of Neutral Plane . you strengthen the cylindrical wall of the base feature by creating some ribs with draft features attached to them. Enter [ -10] as the draft angle. and Constant .4 4 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . No Split . Use the neutral plane as the reference plane.prt). Extract the body of the part from a mold. 1.PRT (or delta_lower. Single sketched line Datum offset dimension Figure 51: Rib Dimensions 2. Create a neutral plane through the top edge of the rib.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES SECTION 2: Finishing the Lower Housing According to the design intent.

Translate the features with reference to the front of the model by a distance of 3. If the mirroring operation fails because you cannot construct the geometry. After you have finished this task. Mirror the ribs and draft features to the other side of the part.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Draft surfaces Figure 52: References for Draft Feature (surfaces meshed for clarity) 3.00 4. Copy the rib and draft features to create two supports. redefine the draft angle to -10 degrees. Mirror plane Copy these ribs with the draft. Use Move and select the attribute of Dependent .For University Use Only .45 . save the model. Figure 53: References for Copy of Rib and Draft Features P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A.

the only assembly dimensions are those that you use for offset constraints. 1. Figure 54: Assembly Drawing. most of the dimensions exist at the component level.drw). In the assembly drawing. Retrieve MOTORASM.DRW (or delta_motor_asm. The system cannot place the cover because you deleted the holes from the motor part earlier. 2. Change the missing reference for the assembly to the axis of the sketched hole that you created earlier. The system automatically places you into the Resolve Environment. In the part drawing.For University Use Only . all of the dimensions are feature dimensions.4 6 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Keep in mind that most of the dimensions were created in Drawing mode. After detailing the motor drawing. you modify the feature dimensions to show the full associativity of all of the models. save the drawing and close the window. and add the ISO view in the corner. 3. Pag e A. they were created in Drawing mode. you must detail them.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES SECTION 3: Finishing the Drawing To finish the assembly and part drawings of the motor part. Detail the drawing as shown in Figure 54. Read the prompt in the resolve window. Because the assembly dimensions assist in describing the part. Use the Quick Fix option to redefine the placement constraints. 4. After you have finished the task.

When you have finished.drw if you did not complete the motor part or drawing from the previous project lab).Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 5. Add additional views. Figure 56: Sheet 1 of the Motor Drawing P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A. and move the additional views to an added sheet on the drawing.7. Figure 55: The Original Motor Drawing 6. Retrieve motor. save the model. Detail the drawing according to Figure 56 and Figure 57.drw file (or delta_motordrw. Notice how the features you added to the motor part have automatically been added to the drawing.47 . change the default scale to .For University Use Only .

4 8 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . then show the axis of the patterned holes. Change the setup file in the drawing so that radial_pattern_axis_circle is set to YES.For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 57: Sheet 2 of the Motor Drawing 7. Figure 58: Pattern Axis Circle Pag e A. Notice that the axis circle does not appear around the patterned holes on the flange.

5. Retrieve the motor part into session and examine the changes to the part.49 .prt) foundation in the drawing so that its depth is 7. Modify the dimensions of the motor part (delta_motor. Add another protrusion to cap of the base with the dimensions shown in Figure 60. Copy this protrusion translated from this surface Figure 59: The Modified Base 9.For University Use Only . as shown in Figure 59. Figure 60: The Completed Base P ro j e c t L ab o rat o r y Pag e A. Create a dependant copy of the base using the move option translated 60 units from the surface. Regenerate the model.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 8.

assembly.For University Use Only . Save the drawing.5 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 10. Retrieve the motor assembly (or the delta_motor. Pag e A. retrieve motor drawing and notice how the changes are reflected. Erase the models from memory and exit from Pro/ENGINEER. Finally.asm) and examine the changes to the assembly. and parts by saving the assembly drawing.

you will be able to: • • Start the PTC Help system.For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited Appendix Using PTC. Page B-1 . including the innovative changes in this release of PTC Help. Objectives After completing this module. Obtain help while performing a task.Help PTC is continuing its commitment to provide integral internet/intranet enhancements through the i-series of software products.

The navigational topic contains a list of links to Help topics about tasks that you perform in the dialog box.06 Web server installation capabilities Full context-sensitive help. allowing Web clients to access PTC Help without having direct mounts to file server machines. which features thousands of Suggested Techniques.2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . You can get Help on your current task when you are working in a dialog box or with a menu by using one of the following three procedures.0 and Netscape 4. please visit the PTC Technical Support Online Knowledge Database . allowing access to PTC Help with a click of the mouse Expanded context-sensitive help in dialog boxes Also. Pag e B. To Get Help on Tasks in a Dialog Box 1. It is easy to locate a desired topic. For more information.For University Use Only . highly flexible CAD/CAM and Data Management software available from PTC. and search capabilities Full certification of Internet Explorer 4.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES PTC HELP OVERVIEW PTC Help is integrated with fully functional. index. thus reducing network traffic and enabling a LAN/WAN configuration. PTC Help can be installed on a Web server. PTC Help Features PTC Help offers: • • • • • A new help system with an integrated table of contents. Click on the right end of the main Pro/ENGINEER toolbar. Click anywhere inside the dialog box. A navigational topic opens in a Help window. USING THE PRO/ENGINEER HELP SYSTEM The Pro/ENGINEER Help System (also called PTC Help) provides you with help topics that give you the information you need while you work. 2. see the Technical Support Appendix.

Figure 1 Staring PTC Help Usin g PT C.3 . 2. 3. To Get Help on Commands on Vertical Menus 1. Click a menu command with the right mouse button and hold the button down until the GetHelp window appears. 2. 4. GETTING HELP THROUGH THE PTC HELP SIDEBAR With the PTC Help Sidebar. you can browse the Contents or Index of the PTC Help System and get help anytime you are using Pro/ENGINEER. Click Back on the browser toolbar to return to the navigational topic and choose another topic. Click the topic you want to read.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 3. Click on the right end of the main Pro/ENGINEER toolbar. On the Pro/ENGINEER menu bar. Point to GetHelp and then release the mouse button.For University Use Only . Help Pag e B. The navigational topic contains a list of links to Help topics about the command. A navigational topic opens in a Help window. A navigational topic opens in a Help window. click Help > Pro/E Help System to display the Help home page (Figure 1). The navigational topic contains a list of links to Help topics about that command. To Get Help on Commands on the Pro/ENGINEER Menu Bar 1. 1. Click a menu command. Click the topic you want to read.

Index to view Help keywords for a specific domain. PTC HELP MODULE LIST There are four main branches in the PTC Help table of contents: Welcome. or Search to find topics in both the Contents and the Index that match a word or phrase. Routed Options Pro/CASTING Using Additional Modules. Advanced Surface Extension Pro/DETAIL Using Foundation Modules Pag e B.4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Computer Aided Verification Pro/COMPOSITE Using Additional Modules. Behavioral Modeling Extension Part Modeling Pro/ENGINEER Foundation Pro/ASSEMBLY Using Additional Modules. Behavioral Modeling Extension Expert Machinist Using Additional Modules. Machining Import Data Doctor Using Foundation Modules Mechanism Design Using Additional Modules. Consult the following list to find a particular module in the table of contents: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Associative Topology Bus-CADDS 5 Using Foundation Modules Associative Topology Bus-ICEM Using Foundation Modules Basic Assembly Using Foundation Modules Behavioral Modeler Using Additional Modules. Click Contents to browse Help topics by functional area.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES 2. and Using Additional Modules. Advanced Pro/ASSEMBLY Extension Pro/CABLING Using Additional Modules. Pro/ENGINEER Foundation. Tooling Pro/CMM Using Additional Modules.For University Use Only . Behavioral Modeling Extension Configuration File Options Pro/ENGINEER Foundation Core Pro/ENGINEER Foundation Design Animation Using Additional Modules. Using Foundation Modules.

Machining Pro/PHOTORENDER Using Foundation Modules Pro/PIPING Using Additional Modules. Advanced Surface Extension Pro/SHEETMETAL Design Using Foundation Modules Pro/SURFACE Using Additional Modules.For University Use Only . Advanced Pro/ASSEMBLY Extension Pro/PROCESS for MFG Using Additional Modules. Help Pag e B. Computer Aided Verification Pro/WELDING Using Foundation Modules Sketcher Pro/ENGINEER Foundation Usin g PT C. Routed Options Pro/INTERFACE Using Foundation Modules Pro/LEGACY Using Foundation Modules Pro/MOLDESIGN Using Additional Modules.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Pro/DIAGRAM Using Additional Modules. Routed Options Pro/PROCESS for ASSEMBLIES Using Additional Modules. Machining Pro/PROGRAM Using Foundation Modules Pro/REPORT Using Foundation Modules Pro/REVIEW Using Foundation Modules Pro/SCAN-TOOLS Using Additional Modules. Machining Pro/NC-SHEETMETAL Using Additional Modules. Advanced Surface Extension Pro/VERIFY Using Additional Modules. Tooling Pro/NC Using Additional Modules.5 . Routed Options Pro/DIEFACE Using Additional Modules. Tooling Pro/ECAD Using Foundation Modules Pro/HARNESS-MFG Using Additional Modules.

For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited .

Locate contact numbers for support and services. Through continuous improvement and our Quality Monitoring program. Objectives After completing this module. we also have Internet-based offerings that are designed to fit a customer’s individual needs. PTC Global Services is committed to continually improving service to our customers. you will be able to: • • • • Open a Technical Support Call. In addition to our telephonebased Technical Support. leveraging the Internet to provide availability on a 24 x 7 basis. Page C-1 . we have demonstrated our commitment to service by achieving Global ISO 9000 Certification for our Technical Support offerings. Navigate the Knowledge Base. Register for on-line Technical Support.For University Use Only . We strongly believe that our commitment to support is unmatched in the industry.Commercial Use Prohibited Appendix PTC Global Services: Technical Support PTC Global Services is committed to making the best possible resources available for customers.

com/support/support.ptc. Pag e C.2 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . Singapore. France.ptc..For University Use Only .. Germany. U.htm. Please use the following format (or download the template from http://www.com/cs/doc/copen. send your questions to tech. OPENING A TECHNICAL SUPPORT CALL Opening a call via email PTC Customers Send email to cs_ptc@ptc. or CALLCENTER: Tokyo PHONE: CONFIG_ID: PRODUCT: MODULE: PRIORITY: DESC_BEGIN: description starts NNN NNN-NNNN x-NNNN NNNNNN X XX X description continues description ends DESC_END Rand Customers To open calls by email with RAND.htm): FNAME: LNAME: FirstName LastName U.support@rand.S.com with copen as the subject of the email.ptc.com.K.com or go directly to http://www.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES FINDING THE TECHNICAL SUPPORT PAGE Choose Support from the PTC Home Page http://www.

ptc. 7 days a week. When the call is resolved your data will be deleted by the Technical Support Engineer and will not be divulged to any third party vendors under any circumstances.ptc.htm. by using the Pro/CALL LOGGER This application provides easy to follow instructions and returns a call number immediately upon submission of all information. To open calls through the Web with RAND. The Technical Support Engineer will ask you for the following information to log a call: • • • • PTC Software Configuration ID Your name and telephone number PTC Product (module) name Priority of the issue Opening Calls on the PTC Web Site You can use the PTC Web site www.com/support to open Technical Support calls 24 hours a day.rand. visit the Rand Customer Service Web site at www. PT C Globa l Se rvic es: T echn ica l Suppo rt Pag e C.3 . Sending Data to Technical Support If you want to send data to Technical Support please follow the instructions on the external PTC Web site http://www.com/cust_serv.For University Use Only .com/support/cs_guide/additional. For secure data you can request a Non-Disclosure agreement template from the Technical Support Engineer.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Opening a Call via Telephone PTC Customers Call us directly by phone (refer to the Contact Information page for your Local Technical Support Center).

For University Use Only .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES CALL / SPR FLOW CHART AND PRIORITIES Call Customer question Telephone Call Web Call Tech SupportEngineer creates a call in the database Call is automatically created in the database Investigation Call Back and Investigation Support Engineer solves issue or reports it to Development (SPR) SPR Software Performance Report SPR fixed from Development Software Performance Report (SPR) SPR Verification through Tech. Support Engineer Update CD to customer Figure 1: Call / SPR Flow Chart Call Priorities: • • • • • Extremely Critical Critical Urgent – Work stopped – Work severely impacted – Work impacted Not Critical General Information Pag e C.4 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .

Pro/ENGINEER . Complete the information needed to identify yourself as a user with your personal details. Medium REGISTERING FOR ON-LINE SUPPORT Go to www. High – Software issue that does not affect immediate work or a practical alternative technique is available. – Critical software issue that affects immediate work and a practical alternative technique is not available.5 .Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Software Performance Report Priorities • • • Top Priority – Highly critical software issue that is causing a work stoppage. Figure 2: On Line Support Registration Please write down your username and password for future reference. To find the Configuration ID in Pro/ENGINEER.For University Use Only . click Help > About for example. PT C Globa l Se rvic es: T echn ica l Suppo rt Pag e C. to open the registration form and enter your Configuration ID.com/support and click Sign-up Online .ptc.

6 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . which are updated by our engineers.For University Use Only . Frequently Asked Questions FAQs and Suggested Techniques offer up-to-date information about all relevant software areas. Figure 3: On line Service Options You can search our Knowledge Base using a Search-Engine. contact information such as the customer feedback line and electronic order of software and manuals are available. Our Online Support Applications controls the status of Calls (Call Tracker) and SPRs (SPR Tracker) and adds comments to these. All FAQs and Suggested Techniques are translated in French and German. Additionally. FINDING SOLUTIONS IN THE KNOWLEDGE BASE The Technical Support Knowledge Base contains over 18. Technical Point of Interest TPI.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES ONLINE SERVICES After you have registered you will have full access to all Online Tools. Pag e C. Technical Application Notes TAN. If you add a comment. The Software Update Tool allows you to request the newest software updates for any PTC product. Limit the search by entering the PTC product/module and the search string. the Technical Support Engineer assigned to your call will be notified automatically.000 documents.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Figure 4: Searching the Knowledge Database Definitions: TAN – Technical Application Note provides information about SPRs that may affect more than just the customer originally reporting an issue. FAQ PT C Globa l Se rvic es: T echn ica l Suppo rt Pag e C. on how to use PTC software to complete common tasks. TPI – Provides step-by-step instructions including screen snapshots.7 . TANs also may provide alternative techniques to allow a user to continue working. but do not reference an SPR. Suggested Techniques – Frequently Asked Questions provides answers to many of the most commonly asked questions compiled from the PTC Technical Support database. TPIs are created by Technical Support to document the resolution of common issues reported in actual customer calls.For University Use Only . TPIs are similar to TANs. – Technical Point of Interest provides additional technical information about a software product.

com/support. Figure 5: Knowledge Base Monitor Sign Up CONTACT INFORMATION Internet Rand Customers Rand Worldwide customers can visit the following Web site for phone numbers: http://rock. go to www. You will then receive a daily email with update information.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES GETTING UP-TO-DATE INFORMATION To subscribe to our email service the Knowledge Base Monitor. this can help you by upgrading to a new PTC product or to a new release.For University Use Only . Click Technical Support > Online Support Applications > Knowledge Base Monitor . 1.rand.ptc. Select the PTC product/module for which you want to get information.htm Pag e C.com/webtracker/CustomerServicesWorldwide.8 In t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . 2. 3.

com (for opening calls and sending data) cs-webmaster@ptc.ptc. URL: • • E-mail: http://www.htm (Education) • • FTP: cs_ptc@ptc.ptc. or the Technical Support line as listed in the Phone and Fax Information sections below.com/cs/doc/feedback_nums.ptc. Our worldwide coverage ensures telephone access to Technical Support for customers in all time zones and in local languages.com (for comments/suggestions on CS Web site) • ftp.htm (Support) http://www. E-mail: • Phone: cs-feedback@ptc.com/support/index. and Asia.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES PTC Customers PTC Technical Support Worldwide Electronic Services These services are available seven days a week.com Numbers are listed at: http://www.For University Use Only . 24 hours a day.9 .com Technical Support Customer Feedback Line The Customer Feedback Line is intended for general customer service concerns that are not technical product issues.com/company/contacts/edserv. PTC has nine integrated Technical Support Call Centers in North America.htm • Telephone For assistance with technical issues. contact the Electronic Services noted in the previous section. Europe.ptc. PT C Globa l Se rvic es: T echn ica l Suppo rt Pag e C.

and Documentation Requests): Within the U.For University Use Only .: • 800-477-6435 Outside the U.1 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R .: • • 781-894-5332 781-894-5513 Maintenance: • 888-782-3774 Education: • 888-782-3773 EUROPE Phone Information Technical Support Phone Numbers: Austria Belgium Denmark Finland France Germany Germany) Ireland Israel Italy Luxembourg 1-800-409-1622 1-800-945-42-95 (All languages including Hebrew) 177-150-21-34 (English only) 800-79-05-33 0800-23-50 0800 29 7542 0800-15-241 (French support) 0800-72567 (Dutch support) 8001-5593 0800-117092 0800-14-19-52 0180-2245132 49-89-32106-111 (for Pro/MECHANICA® outside of Pag e C.S. License Management.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES North America Phone Information Customer Services (including Technical Support.S.

Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Netherlands Norway Portugal South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland 0800022-4519 8001-1872 05-05-33-73-69 0800-991068 900-95-33-39 020-791484 0800-55-38-33 (French support) 0800-83-75-58 (Italian support) 0800-552428 (German support) United Kingdom 0800-318677 License Management Phone Numbers: Belgium Denmark Finland France Germany Ireland Italy Netherlands Norway Portugal Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom 0800-75376 8001-5593 0800-117-092 0800-14-19-52 49 (0) 89-32106-0 1800-409-1622 39 (0) 39-65651 0800-022-0543 8001-1872 05-05-33-73-69 900-95-33-39 020-791484 41 (0) 1-8-24-34-44 0800-31-8677 Russia/Eastern Europe 44 1252 817 078 Education Services Phone Numbers: Benelux France Germany Italy 31-73-644-2705 33-1-69-33-65-50 49 (0) 89-32106-325 39-039-65-65-652 39-039-6565-1 PT C Globa l Se rvic es: T echn ica l Suppo rt Pag e C.11 .For University Use Only .

For University Use Only .1 2 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o P ro / EN G I N E E R . MTF8309729 MTF8309752 1800-553-565 10800-650-8185 (international toll free) 108-657 (manual toll free) 800-933309 000-6517 001-803-65-7250 97-2-48-55-00-35 0120-20-9023 1-800-80-1026 0800-44-4376 1800-1-651-0176 65-830-9899 00798-65-1-7078 (international toll free) 080-3469-001 (domestic toll free) 0080-65-1256 (international toll free) 080-013069 (domestic toll free) 001-800-65-6213 *Note: Callers dialing from India or China must provide the operator with The operator will then connect you to the Singapore Technical Support Pag e C.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES Spain/Portugal Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom 34-91-452-01-00 46-8-590-956-00 (Malmo) 46-8-590-956-46 (Upplands Vasby) 41 (0) 1-820-00-80 44-0800-212-565 (toll free within UK) 44-1252-817-140 Asia and Pacific Rim Phone Information Technical Support Phone Numbers: Australia China* Hong Kong India* Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand the respective string: China India Center.

#306 (Bangalore) 91-11-6474701 (New Delhi) 91-226513152 (Mumbai) Japan Malaysia Singapore South Korea Taiwan 81-3-3346-8268 03-754 8198 65-8309866 82-2-3469-1080 886-2-758-8600 (Taipei) 886-4-3103311 (Taichung) 886-7-3323211 (Kaohsiung) ELECTRONIC SERVICES Up-to-Date + Information Worldwide ISO 9000 Certification Quality Control System = Maximum Productivity with PTC Products PT C Globa l Se rvic es: T echn ica l Suppo rt Pag e C.Commercial Use Prohibited NOTES License Management Phone Numbers Japan Hong Kong 81 (0) 3-3346-8280 (852) 2802-8982 Education Services Phone Numbers Australia China 61 2 9955 2833 (Sydney) 61 3 9561 4111 (Melbourne) 86-20-87554426 (GuangZhou) 86-21-62785080 (Shanghai) 86-10-65908699 (Beijing) Hong Kong India 852-28028982 91-80-2267272 Ext.13 .For University Use Only .

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