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Oct. 18, 1856.] , The Saturday Review. - 561 “We cannot conclude without expressing a doubt whether one yolume is efuir allowance of epace for our carly ballad, pootry.”| ‘Wo cordinlly acknowledgo te taste and judgment the editor has shown in his selection, but he hes by no meana exhausted the stores to which he had recourse, and wo think the old talladiat may well claim to be more fully represented among, the Buglish ‘poets, . In his own generation, he waa contont with * the voieo of ‘Some blind crowder,” or at bestarudely-printed broadshect, a3 his ‘obicle to fame; but this is no reason why he sboald not now ide beside his ‘more ambitious Jrretheen. ‘They, too, owe him something, fori 2 he who has, in the words of Amptre, " semé quelques germea de civiimtign’—éveillé les premiers bons senti- ments de Thomme, l'amour de le famille, ca sol, le courege, Yhonneur'naiseant.” LIFE OF MATTHEW BOBINSOW.* TE have not seen Part I. of Cambridge tn the Seventeenth ‘Conturys ‘bat H tho entie’serien i to resemble Part TT, xo can only Hope that there ma be. many more. yet to. come ‘Tho volume butbre us is ropsiné of one of great mass of MSS. thich lin in an ell Boe useless condition, im the various eallege rarion ut Cambridge.” Such ollections ‘mst oatain much flut itis hot wise to alow to die, and we are very thankful t0 ‘Mis. Mayor for his publication. ia preficed by a somewhat Bolligersat adjress Yo tho reader, biterly complaining of the ‘various evils which infest modern literature ; and Mr. Mayor's Upinions ¢oineide, in tha main, 10 fully with {hove which we Lbve always advocated, that iia plpasant to be able, hy reference tol pags, to contirm what weharo ao often reposted: Spoating, fr eatmple, ofthe shouts of “books of the souson"=—witt may of heh [ve ave’ ed!» pals aqusittanco—Si. Mayer fone ms tere Saag hehe ly Teor een en ga ie el i at Saeaeeagm Nor the flonng en tue eee ee eee co gl ig ey ey an ey ese nek Eley eRe ain ce #0 oa es eal sey rin ae ee os shee ‘We caanat, however, entirely agreo with Mr. “Mayor in ascribing a great part of the faulis of our periodical literature to its anonymous clieracter. All that he says amounts to this— that mnodymous writers are exposed to. grett special tations. Bat the same is equally true of all other occupations ad the ubivensal adoption of mobymous writing for miny pure poses, whbrever.even a moderato degree of politieal freedom exists, is (a saflciont proof thet tho. balance ‘of advantage geuerally supposed to bo in its favour. Mr. Mayor also scom: {o us to forget that whatever lowers the character of anonymous ‘rriting inplantly diminishes ita indience, and thot the conceal. ment of a yell-known name prevents Homer from nodding unde fected, whilst the suppression of an obscure name can never give ‘weight to hat is intriusically weal Nor can we altogether pl illy ta the second count in Mr. Mayor's indietment, which is, that reviewers are forced to write for immediate suocess—that is, to consult show rather than gubstance. Ib is trao that the templatioy to do s0 is one to which periodieal writers are pecue Iiasly open ; but it certainly doos not follow that, because a lee: ing arllelé or a review is dependont upon immediate success, it mist be iil writen, Some of the qualities which command immediate success are amongst the highost which: can bo dis played in literature. A periodical weiter whose heart is in his ‘work will tey to command tho suocese on which he depends by ‘Point, compression, clearness, and norvouaneaa of style. Tf he chooses ta obtain his eyd by fashiness, and fiimeiness, ibis his town fault,| Of coarse, 2 man who aims at adequately eritcizing, | in tro or thes colamne, and after a couple of dayat study, a boo ‘which it Hes taken many laborious years to write, is both foolish, snd presuiopiuous; bub ho may, even ator a single persal of much a bodk, have things to say about it which will be well worth Teading. Whe mere knowledge of the fist impression which such 2 work mikes on an educated man is worth having, whilst & {air accougt of ita contonte may be useful to persous who wish to stody. tho eubjost to. which 3 refers, and latoresting to those twho do adi ; and thore ean bo no possible reason why such state- ‘ments should not be mado wel rether than il, Bat lotus come, aa Me Mayor anys, "to the fact.” ‘The Life of Matthew Mobinaon is not, skelly epeaking, an autobiography. It's tathe> a Lite parly foynded on an antobiograpby, and com- pleted by|another person, Goorge Grey—a nephew of the sub- Jeot of flo narrative. ‘She question of aulhgrship wo cannot altogetion unravel, but. wo are very eu, that'we have seldom feon a befier book since we read Walton's Lives. It ia one of those pity, apivted skclahen which aat thelr subject before * Gantrliga tn Ole Boventcnth Century. Pavt TE Matthew Rpbiieon, Now first aditel, with dllustrations, by BEA, Tolland Tor Nar Se doin Galle, fed Go, iosage, afr the itor ab te Uaivorsy Pee ahold Uy Sil Ueutr tha the bloied sain whic 9 bayings and doings of so man Wo wil stomapt to give our saruring them that the book is a parmanont place in erature. “Metthew Rabiason was born near Bernard Castle, in Rokeby, on the confines of the North Riding of Yorkshire, in De- tember, 1628. His father was in bro, bold online, and which mako us Jnow man infinitely who took part with Lord Faint vl war. Ho died when hia son was twelve years old, by which fimo ‘ho boy was a0 good a Latin echolar, that he * would nick off fhe very. bose, of difloat passages wherein others, thaee of fear Peer gues cod do nothing! "he fnteat yous be id ndod some Groek to hie scoomplishaent, and his master prowod his ibother to eend him to. the university but. the Grilyacre then a igh. Oxtnd ate endomriae of 9 Hing, and Cummbridge a gerison of the Parliament eo young: ibe Rated Corie pron of ce Bement J soldier would tae, with noar thing broad pioees of goldsewed ap fn private part of hn clothe" Hath, he eteed under *"airegent of good note" and his daily employment wan "to write alge toed ota gn Medal emp r day, if notals, were spent fa rnting but litle Hime in expoundiog or examining what was writ” Tt no wonder that Mr, Robinson found this course “very dull, and of slow progres.” A. dresriet form of penal seritude it would certniny be hard-to imagine. ‘Afi nome months, it wa terminated by a lighter aftition. Tho plague broke out, and. drove the English students home, qrith"but “one bad horse to tro men.” "One of tbe horses Tresking casualy hi log, and that incurably, va loft to de tnd the three youths and their three men Were: left with only thro, one of whish carried the luggage, and the other ite owners two'ata time. In this dismal smunner they traveled fey miles Hioough Norihemberland in one. day, being "packed oat af Neweastlo" as infested persons, ond forced. to march on to Chaster le Street. Aer staying ay home for twomonthb, over his tedious noten,” Robinson took. his venture for Hs design to ap to Cambvidgo through tue marshes of Lincoln: thire-—the highoe road, by Ligecln Heath, being mach interted by iis Tapurees of Newase’” On Caster Hest the party had io for ther lives, being poznued for_many miles by 8 party af earns but thy got ely nto Hora, oi ected ito Journey over emis nha rey covoty het ones ould not pose” At Groyland, Robinson ras sale from raparcon, kwon geval aici by “avarma’ of sph, eapmin, tho ats and hunmers,” At Peterborough, ho was sein alarmed by fee Royalist, yet ot last he arrived safely at Cambnidge. " Bat head not sctdled hhimeelf mmiy nights in quiet tll tho, Kiog’s army broke into tho associated counties, tok Huntiogdon, and irpuvties came near fo Oambriage, on, which alarm te bells rug backirards, and the beacons rere Bzod,"" ‘We are sory 1@ a that, "in fous Hour time, the Cantabrigian shudents were all 4d, two or three en a horse. Robinson " betook bimeclt to his old state, dying ita ipa counvien and mang to Che Isle of Bly, where enemies’ horse could not como but by bout!” However the people ofthe country round were called im, ander pain of death fo defend the town, and Robiaton. wad brought back by'a'“‘rude auble, who lopped him diving, tnd beat his companion " and though they escaped two Hares times, olher rustios treated thems in lie masner.” Finding {tetas no help for ie, dela ght bore Finuing “avey. again, “and accordingly joined the garrison of Cabrdpe Oates then commanded by! *n Master Sf Arte anda captain.” There ill the retreat. of the royal fores, ie tras on guard every night; “with sord, frelocky and. bando- Tiers” whilot ho wont by day into college with his gown. ‘Quieter fimos suoceeded, Robinson read steadily seven houre acdny; and one weckin treo months he eet apart to town visit, ‘nd then he spared no mouey, appearing always abroad in excellent (fo became fable asholar, and pessed fi timo ‘the University till the King's’ tral. His feeli upon thi Ie “Parlay erty “that he forthwith. left the University, going to lue hd never visited before, to await the, tragical iesuc. ‘There, during the: King’s trial, he joined with those who kopt solemn subject are curions in one s0 closely connected wit “He so passionately resented” it sndon, wehioh days of fasting for the averithg that national sin and judgment. But the King being sentenced to death, be had not the heart to stay the execution, but posted.home to his friends in the North, that, under his guard, he might see what God would do to the city” At home be employed himself in preparation’ for the fession of medicine, which io intended to pursue; and during esidouce there he vwas chosen an honorary Rellow of Christ's College, and afterwards, by the fevour of a man whom he had considered his enemy, wos olocted a Fellow ofhis own college, St, John’s. Here ho passed sboro two years, principally in the study. of anatomy, or, astis contemporaries ireyereatly called it, doge oY 'Sle: was a great man for vividisec(ions, and “00 ‘augur Gver was more fiiliie with bowels-than he.” Tn these tales he ‘was. much ied by the famous Dr. Browne, of Norwich, the sathor of the Religio Medics. |) Tn August, 161, when Robinson twas about twenty-three, the family ling of Buracston fell vacant, and he tanlly gave up his chosen profession toaccopt it. 552 The Saturday Review. [Oct. 18, 1858. time between hie cllogo and is living, whieh he was onthe point | was ery often looking into his grave ere all into Ur witacs bie ot resigoing, when the Barebone Parliament —" that Parliampont | requont, sermons ot mortals, aad ‘his setemg of ive howe ot Ausbapusa'™ wan chosen, baton their resignation of ther | und heme tn ever yearly to poorens all sifeanes nd sinpates ror to the Protector, ho resumed his placo. ‘ot himself for | nmongat lations.” Ho died on tho 27th oF November, Topp duties, he stadied theology with great care butashismediel | in the sity-sisthyenr of his ge, tad vas buried ae Burncota, skill brought him into great’ prostice, mot only aniongst his | under a marble ston, “Which Misal! had prepuredy'-—"leaving parishioners, but also amongst "aome' des and peers, with | behind him thera many Monuments ef ‘his’ god namo, never ts ‘any baronets, knights, and groat anon,” three or four days | be forgotten in theso parte." Bo enda a biography to whieh we feck ‘were #9 occupied, that he gould only’ keep” up. his | have nothing to add dccept a hearty tesimceyte We value and {oclogical reudis by reading morning and evening, and on | benuiy a tho road as he travelled, He acems, indeed, tobave beet a kind of | ‘The bodk contuins abundant. proof of Mr. Mayor's editorial univoratl referee in is owa eouttry, “his fluc ell growing | zeal and industry.” Te edited a2 the classics weed to be ‘upon him both at homo and, abroad,’ by his many affairs and | edited-— the notes, appendix, indes, and slsary, ossopying ‘any trusts reposed in him ;" but af Int, about the Bity fourth | fully two-hivdy of the gp pages of wel the roleine conse year of his age, it “ploaed God to gire him a writ of ease, | Of the value of aome of the-eSatonls of the appendix ee to 206 draing hi With the tone in the bidder, which eeebled ‘i | pretend fo judges but tho inden atseing an anon and quite fom walking or viding, and by this 90 tbargeable a relouse, | Sbortve plan for mainiaining poor students at the Universities He obtained his desired hiberly of pecfeoting for ever hi atadie | must be chiefy local ead anticturten, mor ean we eave mush abost in dirinty, devoting himself a the acred Word wholly.” "Tn tho | the question between Mi. Crichton and. Dr Browarig about the sidst of constant and gricvous pala, ho wrote a eotmeniary. | Mastecohip of Catherine Mal in the year 1635 South nea en harman in six yours, "writing every day ono sheet or move of paper : . thouga, when ke began its fo did not expect to Anh tie Book af KATE covmytny.* Geni Aven tne fo sland Jn fhe ply he ak sod | (PUL suthor of Digly rend ha the merit of invoting & always managed to pretch twnico on, the Sundry, though bo was | [pew kind of sposting uoval. Ife wrote shout ‘horses. sad usually foreed to goto bed four or five times sey dog, and the men’ who live by of for them, but he looked on Notwithstanding the severity and multiplicity of his studies, | them from the point of viow proper to a London man of fashion, sno man enjoyedlite more hearty aud manfully.” "He had in his | He tock his beroes to Uatierents, and teste ote al tok ive and youthful yeare a small paak of beagloe, vith which he | rooms, bore he ent them to win sleeple-chanes ws to stags ally huated once por wack and fide orcs belng his rent de- | themscltes with foxhounds, "He mixed up the dramong-sonm light, henever wanted a choice gelding of great value for his plea. | vith the stable, aad showed that he gould ebwive somelliag cee snip, and benutfal euouny gong pad id | un the hp oy horse ev th sling of « jock.” -Awd hs Seagurarpethgabrtdbutsal oyitelationchcltes | alos woo decdlly uc Uhsy nity pleted, ie above tho common tate of clorgynien, being a companion for | numerous admirers of sporti storos-by their lvebiew of des gentlomen of the greatest quality, oxeoptho sam thet given to | scription, and by the Krowleage of dels they sapleyeds tn Swonring and debsuchery.” He slo brodhorecslangely, keeping | were characterized by a gentlemanly and welled fore which four brood mares, “and his eyo ad judgment was's0 curious | Gistingusyed tiem fom tie sedinaty annals of rolicag hows Loree that he would sometimes buy a choice cli fle at twenty | tenants. The wzter had algo considerable literary kil hick neta, and in Teas than four years soll him for « hundred.” | was ahown more parlicuarly ‘x the sapidty wick which, he alliog on foot “was a novelty he much delighted in, for he | changed his scenes and the gulty he infused eto conversations sould sometimes ran to or tee hares to deat on foot," His {und descriptions. ‘There was, too, a patios in the drutag of te sseonplsimens brought Ym, the way of Chis TE, | dan i of api and reserve inthe hang a hom he wae introdaced by tho Goremor of Doror, between | such subjects as destin’ failure, and Wauppotatment-—wiich Whom and’ the Sing, he oFerheurd a chasueterati “conversa. | bespoke & highor kind of fang thay is ordivarily met woth in tion, ‘while ‘his “Majesty. "was in bed. ‘The governor told | sporting literaturo, In epite, dherefore, of dajostad, aad ined. his sovereign that “he had brought him a, great stranger, the | herent plots, nad ofa gersinslightmeas and fasemete tu much of clerical horseman, Dr. Robinson; “bus, Siy' suid he, "you must | the walting, Digby Crend. al Conerel Downes’ enjoyed. & ot er kim anything. bt yo Tand (efor on, havo | dete popula nothing’ that Be will ether nek or accept.” Saith che King, | Daottunsiely, tis vin of ftion, though good while i Insted, “he isto me the tiote acceptable for thal: give me my might | was sodn exbnusted.. “Attor a eorlain tae; se became very 4, gown that I may sce him.’ * Hold, Sin" said. the Goreror, | eat to od any ‘varicty im tho partoular line abieh the mises oan, sm nl not do, Tr ey a cont and ft | Ea hen, “One tnitngbook mh the spe op enter 4 oloreyiman ts you have in your domiziona” hen saith | betting book—ons yaa fesling horse's nooke alike usthes ase tho Kiiy, “give me my royal robes, that I may appear finer than | the seme hinge candy who ides in Rotten ow i after allrg the." On coming out of his champbor, the King asied his opinion | fine being. "Wo oven wet ealloun to tho chances of the chase, about “thetineore whil li had sent to Newmarket” obin- | and to [tbe fortunes ef tho gullet grey vio wil, wits equst sou encore that" fe horse inzeason would neithr edit much | reudiness go up. or down peacipices ad the authce' Viddlog fhe breeder nor the, owner; for thought he was a howe of rare | Colonel Wyte Melvilo ok thist and in hie thie tale Hed size, colour, beauty, marke, and strength, he waa but a halEbred | Coventry, he has looked abot for'@ meane of chasing ths a Hoge in the botton:, out of n Hlsnders coach maro; and though | offhissiary. Bat the plan on which hs ha hit ine tisk tae 1 hind heels for any horse, te was thick-wonded and tngorern- | most ualutiy that could hare boon feyaok Ee hss ehowt to abe, and would scon rau himself outs which proving tee) the | waite the aulobiograpy of'e young lady, fastead cfs sporting King made a charger of him, and gave him to the Duke of Moa: | boy, wa havo a sporting gate Lave dy allaions to pei moi, who euagged upon lim at Bothwell Bridge.” After ome | ancl instead of dest ptions of pink esate and ite op seers ‘more talk about horses, tho King “singled out some wanton wit | and sestimental journal-waiting instead of hearty lovesmaking {0 disport upon,” and the courtiers “made a cock-pit about Mr. | No change eould be worse. What is endurable in a man is tun Bopioon at his Mey. He conned weve, eco, cndrabi i 8 won. “pe gusts of en sad women le and would never go Lo Court again. His opiaio of the King was, | reading the description ofa dashing young fellomwha tf tia hough lad never beta hoe pera, eny miro] fhe eeniuras isk be eae Ne ee © him to be a great gentleman for civility, courtesy, wit, and | pleased to nee that, in-the anidst of all Lie follies, ho Plosaantry, but how solid and serious in matters of polity and | lieman} But we cannot entire young women eowin Teligion, 1 belonged not unto him to judge". f ont, sinoking cigars, davdling ia fhe dablo, and driving four Besides his divinity and medicine, Robinson had a good | hand. Even a sporting gent would think Kate Coventry knowledge of la business. On one occasion, nrasally attorney | “shocking bad style.” ‘There is no alternative possible about & brought actions against him and most. of his parishioners, “upon | womau. Either she is madeat and well-bred, or ehe is not worth forged mortgus His own intorest in tho inatter was trifling, | speaking to. We cannot at once Lell whut « man ia by hia belia- Dal for his neighbours’ eake ho contested the elaim ; and thong ft | iour oF-his language but a wroriau who take slang ta gone 8% cost him two assizes und a suit in Chnnoery, yet, at the last he | once dod for ever. Her speech bowrayeth her, She is essen- broke the leart and eracted the eredit of this attorney. ao | tially bn ireedcemebly vulgar, Le oem teen Mee tee that he quickly died an errant boggar." Tu money. sargioms, | womeh who, huviag had geeat dtaadvantaeee tac bsaeeee ‘Robiasou stash less remarkable than in other affirs His living | silly mother ands bad edeat etter than thoy seem, was worth Sol. a-year—his own fortuns was about 4ol. and mio dicover to an attentive observer a nativo delichey and "and his wife brought him Goof. Ho lived handsomely, aad was | generosity through the veil of coarseness in conduct and. speech, fo charitable tat ho gave igoot found an almsivae, ead | Sath ronten, when “aught young: eeu beveclained Bek bey 4s00!, moro to. aol up one of his nophows as a tierchant ia | ATO ehurasiete very unlit {08 a novel ‘Phe mind alings to th London; yet, though he spent ten per coat. of his income for | externals of the desoriptions-given in romatices; and whatever ‘pious uses, he died worth 20,oco/. Tt ja yory charatevislic of tos qualities my, in tho course of the story, bo reveled by man of this stamp, that “he did all with much caso and with. | the skill of tho author, itis impossible not. to draw the principal tt any asin etis or distractions" Some property whic ho | feubuies Sn Our eonteplion am ‘wat we. ary told of fie Isr he gays aay ofa hin grat esate yas purely tho | anlage tnd ution of the Rotem personage’ The pears ot Hee Nounty of his heavouly Bather and iis own prudential | Kale|Coventry driving four-inchand, and siting on the bos segemont ial this meauh wo donot know ro sappone | moling and firing with a dranken ropobate, tho husband of Hf implice that he mado lit money by: practising phiyeig-and | the lady at ywhore,Houno she is staying. & ano which the anaes investing his carninga wisely. For fifteonyear before bis death, he ye abled yt puotl sweat whi he died! lis is | eae ater. PSL Wy GF. Why Maa