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Traditional Festivals

een

• Celtic Neo-Pagans consider the season a holy time of year. Nee-Pagans most often

1. With the onset of Christianity, the festival In November

• Barmbrack (Ireland)

• Bonfire toffee (Great Britain)

Candy apples

Harvest related foods:

Apple bobbing

• Carving Lanterns from Turnips and pumpkins

• In medieval Ireland, Samhain became the principal festival, celebrated with a great assembly at the royal court in Tara, lasting for three days.

• After being ritually started on the Hill of Tlachtga, a bonfire was set alight on the Hill of Tara, which served as a beacon, signalling to people gathered atop hills all across Ireland to light their ritual bonfires.

• Samhain marked the end of the harvest, the end of the "lighter half" of the year and beginning of the "darker half".

• It was traditionally celebrated over the course of several days.

• It has some elements of a festival of the dead.

• The Gaels believed that the border between this world and the otherworld became thin on Samhain; because so many animals and plants were dying, it thus allowed the dead to reach back through the

veil that them from

• Bonfires played a large part in the festivities.

• People & their livestock would often walk between two bonfires as a cleansing ritual. The bones of slaughtered livestock were cast into its flames.

• In Scotland the dead were acted out by young men dressed in white with masked, veiled or blackened faces.

• Samhnag - turnips were hollowed-out and carved with faces to make lanterns - these were used to ward off harmful spirits.

• Halloween as celebrated in America is said to have been partly started by the many Irish immigrants who arrived in the country during the Irish Potato Famine Years (mid 19th century).

• The Irish blend of Celtic ritual and Catholic

• On the pre-christian Celtic calendar, Samhain marked the end of the grazing season and the start of the CELTIC NEW YEAR with a great fest on the first of November.

• The rites and rituals of the eve of Samhain - a night of dread and danger - inspired the modern tradition.

F1Qlr ~agan Celts~ the WQllfid of th e '0 ea 0 brieefly .alpe~n ed on Sarnhain eve, At this juncture of the olio ye~ar and the ne.iwj! the dead returned, ,gho~~ and demons ewer[e ,abroa;d~ and the future ICOJulo be seen. IDehino such Halloween g,ames a~ bobbi n g frsr a ppl es lie Celtic

d ivi n etien [a rts UO ,0 iseem '~'l1h 0 IMQU Ionia fry ~ '0 i e, or th rive in th e loom i ng yle~Ei If.

• Samhain is one of the eight annual festivals, often referred to as 'Sabbats', observed as part of the Wiccan Wheel of the Year.

• It is considered by most Wiccans to be the most important of the four 'greater Sabbats'.

• It is generally observed on October 31 in the Northern Hemisphere, starting at sundown.

• Samhain is considered by some Wiccans as a time to celebrate the lives of those who have passed on, and it often involves paying respect to ancestors, family members, elders of the faith, friends, pets and other loved ones who have died.

• In some rituals the spirits of the departed are invited to attend the festivities.

• It is seen as a festival of darkness, which is balanced at the opposite point of the wheel by the spring festival of Beltane, which Wiccans celebrate as a festival of light and fertility

• In parts of western Brittany, Samhain is still celebrated with the baking of kornigou.

• These are cakes baked in the shape of antlers to commemorate the god of winter, shedding his horns as he returns to his kingdom in the Otherworld.

• During the hungry festival celebrated during the seventh month of the lunar New Year, fake paper money is burned as an offering to ghosts said to arrive from the underworld.

• Known as Ye Lan and observed primarily in China, Malaysia and Singapore, the festival features performances and special food to feed restless spirts.

• The Romans identified Samhain with their

oS-a i fit Beo rbe IfEa -"'Nh oge feast

BI ay is celebrated by AIfEa b

Ch risti a nbs i n Leba n ani! ,S,yri a i! artd P,al~ine-ig said to heve 'iIlJJllf 11 m a FlJ y d i s~g !J i ses tECll e I IJ d e persecute rs after converti Fl g DlJj en risti a rJ itv, On Decem ber 3 i! th e eve of :5-61 i nt B-a rba ra "Sj1

eh i I d ren WteEi If EOOS-tU rnes EO n d

si n g for nei g Ii bors i n retu IJn fallJ rS'Ne~e~m or small ,a mounts fiJf rnonev,

'\filcash i n gton I rvi n g i's fa rn (!lUS spa ok"y ta Ice of' Ich a b od ,Crca n e erid the Headlese Horserne n is ;set in H!J d-90n \tea II ev i III til e

a uth ori':s native New York.

To day jl H!J dson

Va II ey-,i 11 clu din g the n a m;e~sa ~be Dawn of 5,I,eep¥

H 011 QrW-loel ebrates He II !Jj'Nee~n 'iMith h au nted l.!'ilca Ilksj! bonf IJces!! cEind cevcen a visit frorn the m''1{,8teri a us 8p6oter on

h iJl fF"S'edD~a c k,

IV! a rri"g !JilJ:lSj! th e tred ition a I

f QJ~llJers of the dea d ~ ,EI Ife u~ed th IfD"U g II out EI [Ha ,de I as

IV! u ertos~ th e lOa'y of th e Dea d . 'Geleblf,Elt'Bd i n r~le:)(i aOI .a rid ath er Lati n Am erice n oou ntri iE'S; on

N Oi\ftem heir 2,-1iuith festiviti e~ orften beg i nn i F'I g OF'l [0 etober

.31. -til e laay of rem em or,a rice

.a rid offeri ng blends chlfi~~i a n ity ,a n d pre- DQiI U rn bia n ritue I.

Many lKalr[eans visit and clean ra n eestre I g u[a'\f[es- ea rth

m ounds covered i n

[1;1 rra~~s- du ri n g Ch u~BQlki' OlfJ"

H a n~[a wi jl ,a three- day festive I that begins with ,8 harvest meon, A major helidav in IKQIIPe{8 i" Ch useok trad iti ana Ily brobl'g ht ru rca I vi II a g es DQi:geth er 'far la rg e f:e8sbs~ '0 a F'I ci n g i" [a no g,am~s.

As with Samhain, this marks the beginning of the dark half of the year and it officially begins at sunset on October 31.

The Cornish equivalent of this holiday is known as Allantide or in the revived Cornish language Nos Calan Gwaf .

. Stones '!Mith til e~ ria m e~ of f:a rn i Iy m em bere [!Mritten OFt

til ern ra r[e tre d iti on a IIV ad o'e~o to bonfires [Oln the fiest [day [of

~Mi nter in 'Ij'lla I e-Sj! IknOtwiIl [as Calan ,Ga'6:af. Afly,one INnose ~9tQlfll:e is ITI issi n gin the m orn i n g is PIJ[60 i eted tal die '!Ii:'lJith i n th e yea r. The [e!'!Ie of Ca la F1J G'ae~af is 'Octoher 3::llj! or Spirit Ni'ghtj'

[a n iJ'ocasi on fi II eo with [g h o'iS+{ly Sid peretiti on .

• The Manx celebrate Hop-tu-Naa, which is a celebration of the original New Year's Eve.

• Hop-tu-Naa predates Halloween and it is the celebration of the original New Year's Eve (Die Houney)

• The term is Manx Gaelic in origin, derivin~ from Shogh ta'n Die, meaning "this is the night'.

• Traditionally, children dress as scary beings, carry turnips rather than pumpkins and sing an Anglicised version of Jinnie the Witch and may go

frilJD s_is laX .---- -. ,.,.

Hop-tu-Naa

My mother's gone away

And she wont be back until the morning

Jinnie the Witch flew over the house To fetch the stick to lather the mouse

Hop-tu-Naa

My mother's gone away

And she wont be back until the morning Hop-tu-Naa, Traa-Ia-Iaa

Hop-tu-naa! put in the pan Hop-tu-naa! I burnt me throt (throat) Hop-tu-naa! guess where I ran? Hop-tu-naa! I ran to the well Hop-tu-naa! and drank my fill Hop-tu-naa! and on the way back Hop-tu-naa! I met a witch cat Hop-tu-naa! the cat began to grin Hop-tu-naa! and I began to run Hop-tu-naa! I ran to Ronague Hop-tu-naa! guess what I saw there? Hop-tu-naa! I saw an old woman Hop-tu-naa! baking bonnags Hop-tu-naa! roasting sconnags Hop-tu-naa! I asked her for a bit Hop-tu-naa! she gave me a bit

as big as me big toe

Hop-tu-naa! she dipped it in milk Hop-tu-naa! she wrapped it in silk Hop-tu-naa! Traa la lay!

Are you gQi~ to Jive _ ,,~,_.,,_

A tre 0 iti Oll!la I de n ee Ga lled [eisa is perform eo Oln Oki n a'wa

d tJ ri'nQ Obaln~ .a th r[e.,e- day

hoi i 0 ay frQiIr h on ori n g ,a II cestcr spi ribs, IOu ri ng OlOO!n ~ th e [0 ea·o a r[e bel i e"!.!cl'e~o to reu n ite IMith thei r fa rn iii esi' 'iMIri o ta Ike pa rt i n f;6a:s~ and pr,ayer. Tre d iti alii a I isl a no ae"l·eoli"",ati OlLIS IQJf Obon ,a r,e ,de.,termirt!E.,l_o by the lunar

reEl I ende r ·a n d d iffer sl i g htlv frorn oel ebreti oris 'Otl mta i n la rrd Japan.

Think about It - each time you buy something new there Is ~Iastlc packaging and cardboard packaging and before you know It the dustbin Is overflowing with packaging. Its all bad for the environment.

!ntere·stin~ farl~

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