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The Saturday Review. [Jan. 19, 1856, WOODS «. ‘HE popular view of tho campaign in the Crimen is summed the ‘Times, and bis assertions havo boen triumphantly appoalt aequiesce. in tho doctrine that the inferiority of Tngland to RUSSELT.* OF Mr, Russell ‘we have spokon on former, ceeasions. Oe last new Thaeydides is Mr. N. A, late Special Corre. spondént of tho Morning Heral. Vi geutlonan diselaims in his Prefuee all “ pretentions to military eritieiam.”” Tu fitcty he goons it ugcenarsy nena ube opin om tary matters, iough outs busty, i aeklom very wfonj’"=— ‘which opinion, frort-agentioman wits by is a¥n tesbun. koe Hothios’ aboud stvatogy, Je" of course ented to great weight Norerthcless Mr. Weots " points to well kuowy mistakes slates less generally noi dlicencies,” and lis readers alo, eanob fl bo any. ltt" his * navvativo ia truo, andl there fore’ impartial.” Te lis very cliaructeristie of Me.’ Wood \appeal to his readerspfor tlie truth of lis narentiy 2" icasing- thatthe Yublig aye edowed wil th porror of diatnguiaing truth Fm falschoa Cire ote they might be rather at a loss for an opinion apon the subjcet, for dhe question i effirely one of dts and of very day deta ‘oo, ‘The questions to be decided are euch as these “How many. carts Ind tho Commissariat nt Varna? What was tho evidenes about the healthiness of the Gamp there? How many strgeous wore there ab the Alma + What stores aud other resotters were at dieir,dieposul P ‘What. clothing was there at Balaklava? ‘Wihat wis the morning stato of the acmy on such a day? and so con. Tn fue, the questions upon whieli the whole inquiry binges are ns dry and as special as if they rolated to involves, bille oF exchange, dock warrants, and accounts current, Th may, theres fore, well be that. Mr. Woods has drawn most lively pictures of the theatrical parts of the wife) and yet thst ho is ulcenly untrast- worthy when ho ecines to fils. Indeed, uo artist's Llood” ia reddei, no one's * thunder” Jonder, no Ono's “* rounds" more frightful, no ono deals 30 well with * gangtenc,” " maggots,” ‘fit uttternbile,” and “festering masses of cor * but 4 doos not follow that he is equally reliable when le says that sueli a régiment, on, such a day, sbustered only so many mien, co that stich w doug ran short in sue an hospital. "AS upon ‘those details everyting depends, and as we have tho advantage of being in a position to command tho testimony of to ach yen 5 Messrs. Woods and Russell, we Lave comjased tome. of their statententa, acting upon the suggestion of tho Trines itself, which, whilst declining, with an engoginge modesty, to execute fhe task on its own diecount, remarks tine iis 2eaders will natuc sally moake-the eoniparison, : Acabvilking inslance of Mr. Woods's “umion” with Atv, Russdli is, aecordingg to thoir common patyou, to bo found in their accounts of the mismanagement of the Government, aud eas “cially of the commissariet, at Vana, Miz. Woods says IE over the English wees to baws ha good. commissariat arringeisests; {bay shoul lve en at Varun; ot tho vary nove weet cate, Aimest ‘ily service letters went inv to te heady of die eommicerit departments Hon amistantcommisicies in change-of tivsins, elu vat foxy were, ‘sable to provide Ihe requisite mount of bread and meet fae the sugiunt ob ‘he troop (86) ‘Mr. Russell siys (June'9)— st Ailogthr the stoinn aseins exellent, anda the commetiat “Se nc dos Sicent in supplies of all the estentinls uf breed i. bel thre ie no eats far complaint. (bs, G3) And again, June 26— z ‘cmt sing Ui duty manly Mh gy of tn mt Sielprey gn ne Maes ‘On July 21, wo ate told- ‘Tuo maat furnished by the commissvit x excellant. Some ofthe suageons thn ati tg can he many ‘een ance ie gusty, when compat will hash Ue at sautions Wee Hite tal is order o\conpenste fo as boon oerused fn (ia) frit ould bo neat fr tt daleency, tha weigh ofthe ration seesqumsters of. pous to one pound per day, gi isto of te late Gempaign, ByN. A. Woole, Leadon: Tongene History of tho War. By W. 3, Russell, London Routledge, 1835. Ms. Woods and Mr. Russell-ngeeo in thinking that it was on recount of defivieney in the monns of Innd transpore that Siti was not relieved, "Upon whom dia the blame rest? "Mr. Woods writing of tho middle of June, says— 1 ym Din yao ono ena Fe anu ‘vnunet te (Sst) py aa thy under any eee Stan the Hyg wore nut wie tnateane' ake Geass ‘There was one porsd at Varnn to whom this was not s0 ob vidus. A mouth later (July 21} ike, Russell writes thus— ‘ny (he Feomel) aren mle sition to anate int the faerie tas eae spare lig. 10 ah he eneral aa of sulin. ne sh ay oe a Foti hoe Uy a We fn the rte, eaeey our stored weg nee at Ue enue, ws Tae el belie ale tu nae on mae tan yates (B 123) Nor do Mossra, Woods and Russell agteo upon the question of military lusuriea, Ina passage which the ‘Timer quot ‘with curious esnltntion, Mr. Woods says — Only scot. of fea fal nln gent out Ty tho Government, kod snl yap aie ve fe ou ag” Se ne tekien got thei hl suo tnt to any lier the sugar, eae, nat iyove dient, al ie eerg meng ovens they ud aoly Great ed wet Fi east." Hiv suc snl ericle ws rst was not to Be had on ey ferme (8, 87) ‘Writing on the rth of June, Mr. Russell says:— Sorry tn T to say thatthe mon icra bul a lye ne sapthing ter thaw in {ake the ea or coco without On the zoth of Tune, he write Trogzn very much to have to stale Oat for seer days lat ee here as neiter ree nor nagar sor prewereedjotainy, nos fet he nem had {hen to mace tie hreaktat stop om ate Urow brenden atone sn ‘Willa these las thr or four dag aide ree bus min been serve aad sual quastitier nf ten. (pe 38) ‘Aud writing on the arab July, le tells us that the quantity of food ised by the. comraissatint seems almost, fabulous. Tn addition, to 110,000 tbe.- of corn, &e.,. issued for. the horses, ace lin of mast, 27,00 rations, of ren, and tte ene qantity of rice, tea, enfie, suyar, de." were issued daily. (p. 123) So he whlee Ms: Woods implies tat, tho nhole Sine spo ab Varaa was a timo of hurdsbip, Mr. Russell's only. grievance is ‘that between the r4th and v6th or 17th of June, the troops liad no tea for breakfast; nor are Uho differences between tite to correspondents at an end when they leave. Varna. Ag our object nt present” is only to compare’ our bro. authorities, so will pass over various points whielt might require nolice in narrating, and contiue ourselves to.a single point in whiel they ave curiously at issue. Speaking of alleged irregularities in the disembarkation, Mr. Russell say ‘Tho greatest flees against. hep ho Admiral himselt wit nated cali, ene ho store of sat rete aint nig etre thay ealialg epi pao, deed they ene 9) isl ove of disembarkation wae liny the place asaipiol to hint {be centre ot his et, netted fone les fea th ure. cco) Apd again: — In our fe’, tho whule Iahour sna responsililty of the disembarkation roiled with Sir, Lyons. The Aime ronnived, aT have ani, alot and fook na size ix the prosoodings of the day. (pe 161) ‘Mx. Woods says:— : Aijmivat Dantas was ix is place in. the contve of th line-out si which were more abut thrgemllae olf tho shor, ouleite the transports 6 Ftc thea it ero of Cr Heugn et ‘nang any desperate temp Tie ght Sponlting af @ village uear the English position, Mr. Woods x | : Tie outsktts vere crowed with stacks of ty and basley, and Tage ees of sheep tl ent These though we went xst mead sa forage, te ‘iors deli fo sll at any prise, Thy had esviently been cuore Dy he Kosei against aed us any asians. “Aa tfet re be ut the property of the natives vas to be tspstie, and as im Reo ory inane, gy rfuacd to al, the gis id uthout tanec {ny ent could,» Such was 0 tho easo with our ales, ‘They heal’ a hat prise on tho aries they wanted, gave tho most, nt iook ho. gonds Oa {he people seen ery wll content to havo mnrkst hus tat ips0 heat = Mr, Rossel, speaking apparenly of the same pee (dhongh vo eanaob be quite sur of i), 98 that i" wassacked by some rench marmuders, with evety exces of brutal uel ana fi gig Teed not open te stay indo ey ae ts fo hone. Nol one word of thie-ewheretor 3 happen dogs Mz Woods mention. Mix. use proveeds, “Eber the ‘Fronoh reais) frighten tom ftom out mneeeets and. wll coon deprive of the vast supplies tobe abtained om the saver {putzo)) Sone more minute derepenees ar very ira, ects they sow how ele thege eealonen are te bs epended upon in matters of deta. Mx Woods sayy "itl bo sono trodited that nearly x200 sick were laced on board the Kae garcoon a parteilar occasion, (i joy) se Ieeell aye ot {lo eume oman, shat there wows “atoat 1360." Whose cin: eoy n numbers the one tlag ase, Cees genomes sao (0 ‘abe mere guonss, So, inapeaking oft skieeahat Bouton Bit, Woods saa that “wo had only pouaterg, tat corse, could not effet souch, thatthe ans continues sendy wate fre, aad thon whesled off aud slowiy votred Ge gaye ae Ese! states tat oar eancon“ ploupied up the cols of ha ‘cavalry, who speedily dispersed into broken lines, wheeling round | Jan. 19, 1856.] The’ Saturday Review. | 218 Perhaps as furious a contradition as any is one which, relatea to he butte ff Baiakioes, Tn a page of stil the running tile {2 Bravo, Highlanders well ‘don tatty of how the Nussnn horse clianged che gr the ond Nyinglusdcr thie fect, and the assailants gathering speed seer str —how lhe Highlanders Sredtwe volleysat then, ono co sands which had vo effect; and ono at g8 yards, whieh Namie deri und tereor into tre, Romane’ and. how Sie oka Gampbel sad, “Lad not tuink it worth wil to form them tam four Heep." Aceoeding to Ate, Woode, this ia sere Uhen- Mtiromaut.. TIis statement is that, at om yoo to Boe ards, inoue a am ooo tho Wafke rua twvay-—that the Hussane ndvanced ala trot to Nilin gop é¢_ geo. yanlo—thal the Highlanders then fred. a tent hey tao without effect—and thet the Russians sto Mined. (Mf Roguell ays, “they wheel a pen files right a Tack faster than they enme," (Woods, sh. Jor ) As to Sit Colin Caripbell' alleged speech, fe fos that he nover nnnde ay such “absurd Fenian," Aiing that) it the Highlanders had beoa charged, Sir Colin outd'nave erdered diem to forma equate. ‘Though Both thes> Frnllemen were eyervitnesses, both at Bouljanale end at Di flava tiey avo in direct conteadicion ; and if Mtr. Russell really fnale’up ‘ge romantie story to inteer the public, what reliance tan be placll on any statement he tikes? 'Thowo are(somo of tho discepanciea betwreon these gentlemen's accounts which we late met whan a not very elaborate exam {hon of tif books, “They beara larger proportion tote total Atmber of teeta slated than ons readers would, suppose ; for to nats of verbingo which is futraduced into each book isnot only muprsing, But wearisome, “We do not by any ineans wish i elatter fiom theabove comparison tht BLe-Teassl aay {nthe wronk Ie svoms fo beat times more rengonnble ‘Man Me Woods, and indeed it must be allowed that Mie. Woods Js bout td lowest authority in matters of fuet—pevhiaps we may exaupt Mr, [lussell—that we ever happened to moct with. We fll not ire one veaders with a eriicism of the miserably Jnounelusir} evidence on which ho impugns the conduet of the wane“ fiear,” "Tt is said,” 1 ant told," is all ho knows about’. Ho is, by his own confession, avowed neaely ng often .as ho hts odeasion to taake a staloment, a moro rotaile¥ of gossip the carreclijess of which it fs genorally impossible to eheck. We vill therefoko confine ourselves to tor9 or three flagrant instances af entelesafoss, which, upon istch an oceasion, is neither more os leas than dishonesty. Coron foot, tivo. of the stafemeats! to which we refer aré clankorously and. joyously ‘ulopied, afl reiterated by the reviewer in the Dimes. on. the gthinst, "When the army aerived at Sebastopol, the English,” ays Mr.| Woods, ‘lad no theodolites with thom.” ‘A negative assertion Tike this| is vather a wide ono to reecive, on theauthority ofa single person. Ivis eurious that Mx. Woods should haye saidl—earried away by love of pichurosqueness and allieration—tlat amonget the shops esigblished at Varna were tome in which you might bay anything “from » theadolide to a toothpick, (ih tt.) Of course Mr. Woods was only looking out for somhothing largo which began with a f, but if we are to ‘elioré that theodolites were insueh demand ab Varna that pri ato specuiators brought tliom to the camp forsale, it is quite {ncredible|that there should have been none at Sebastopol. ‘This isc onal mates, though elmeneteristicy bud what follows, i of re st importanee. “We request our readers’ attention to, Ue falong comsparison— : Wooos, flip 53.0 the sth of January, of bir Grd Repnent ly soon ined for dye OR fh’ sane’ day. the ty: which Ind Ieee th Sot, ao ated oly sin Hie sub aro regimen, uel ty ao lepes and onal come ene nid aly teventva ies oa of hosts Tie fire tallallonn of Guands were mea of 1568 me sent oat fo Tere, frou fret €0 tet, Ove sshdene ‘soe how exactly, almost verbally, these accounts sentences are sometimes clause for elavse the same, tote relics aro aero to nth ee ond A Te ‘sell's statement purports to be, a republication.of his letter of the Ati Tana, and we eappovo eis a0; but Mn. Woods's statement does not purport to be taken from Mr. Russell; but from-his own ‘obserratjon. In rofortng, howerer,.to-Mr. Woods's letters, in ‘the Morhing Heratd, dated on the 8th, the 1th, the 2oth, and: the aytil of January, and on the doth’ of Febraary, and pub ‘ished of the 29th of January, and on. tho’3rd, r4th, and 27th of. Fobrua}—io whieh, the sullerings of tho army aro dvelt upon at great length wwe iad that there ie no reference whatever to the joth Regiment or to the Scots Fusiliers, except in so fur as the liter afe compreliended under the general. description of the losses ofthe Guards. ‘The 46th Regimont are deseribed as having, ‘on tho lh of January; mustered seventy, not sixty, mon; and tho ard eahaving been reduced, not to seven on the 7thol January, Reasersy p. 203. Tan Reyinant had only seen aly yootorday.” Pho qath il daly a. Se APRESS hea ete! nr a I . se a aa Te gad Eat chy gt had Jeno nladiag veacnte ‘nd eo a thirty mem fe Tor duty at tho nas | ‘ut to ton on tho rith, ‘The differences are unimportant in Eemgclver; but the alteration ia tho ease of the Gard shows that Sins Woods proters Me. Russell's authority to hin own, and that ‘whieh appli to tke 4Gth shows that ho wil go as fu to meet Tim as he'ean, ‘Tho alteration mist have been purposely made, forron the 8th of Janoney, Me. Woods mentions the fict that the ath hd funded just tivo months, wich, Nee tse o bout Wich iy mentioned. in Me. Wood's leior to. tho. Mor Hert tae dat. ‘ho aowent shut te Pusiere inerpoth Regiment appear to be opted slztight ou ron i lh alterations — we feo rr lai the tented. “Set this satoment was paraded by (Modimes Ta Weunesiay week apa tonlirmaion ofits own asseslions, and A. Woods is complimented far hia“ unalienable idelity.” After thiby it iy pethape, superfiuous to notice thaty in bis letter of the Sth of Janney Bis! Wood put dhe orginal Taree of the yoth al S50, whilst in his Letter oP the aot hotrates it ab tro0.. the "Timeg, which anlilates ss" Osrn Correspondent a” despetclies Yo au il lending arUicle, oust fel that Sts, Woods, wo adapta Bin staloments fo Mies Itgvoll' i « congettil sptite . "The most unblushing pigee ofimmpudence in Mr, Woods's book is to bo found im a note in vol te 20%7. In this passage Mr. oot, ner bitter complaints of the ineifsiency of everything i ovdrybory, pires Tor once an authority for his aint I the isis { Lnve meutiond tn his ebapion,” he aay, oihors stil morw important wineh afterwards “oesnrred;-are detailed at lengt’-—here does the reader suppose Sublished repost in the possession of Govesniaent, -Ualess Mr. Woods ia eveu the report iu question, is aasertion ia a simple ques, whieh, in sucha, caso, is ver? like a simple untruth, Aint Mle soys way be true ‘or not, but he Ins no-posible rman of knowing whether it is go, He hus the nateeté to {ld that the House of Commons’ Report “elicited nothing to Srintiuate any one very dueply.” Surely the fuct that such vilenco. as ‘aug been published exculpates the accusod is Giron reton fr aang Wht evidence von na pvt inqity erianiaus ht, “yr, Woods iif his treatment of hid own nest is any evidence, ano of the least cleanly of all bipeds, “Wherever he compares fho Wnglishand Breach, it is to our disadviaiogo.. de fowr phrases cour, no doubl, in which ha mays that iis pain. and © unlating to do so, bul Mie. Woods is'a perfect aatetc in hie passion for such himiliation. ‘We will only notice two out o-vory Foany instances of this, In his qoeount of the naval attack ot Selustopol; Tho French ioc" ho anys, “was in Jong before the English. ‘They came on in maymibeent syle, in to long lines." he English, he says, ecme in an hour after, and Ade tmiral Dundas anchoted. with soyoral shipe ‘about. 2000. yards from the forts,“ from whieh auto range" they Kept upon, ine feosunt ice. Ho docs not spoak of the Frauch es fring from teSaale range.” eb nctordiog to hia own nocon, thoy Wore 08 fur fromahe batteries as Adnival Dundas Anothermoststaking instance is the mmaner in, whieh ie hurries oven the rene ex edition into the Doladecha, Tt. passed over in tivo or threo Pages, conckudiog witht e notice of ‘ty “most searching inves. gation” to. which the goveral in command mas subjected, nnd Wich torminated. in hie aoquital. If an. Engliah genera ld Tost one-thil of his méu by siekaess in twelro days, no Iaoguag sould ave been sitong ough fo deste is wickednery ead tip investigation wiieh stopped short of shooting or brea Aeqneeraed would lnve been denounced aa a delusio e Of Mr. Woods's stylo wo need not epeal. Tt is familior enough fo all readers, showy, noi, clever, and picturesque, Baton aad pad, "Adu dog ie ade cayodspecimien of canine mottaltf.” He. sees. at iieuomena,” “Bosque” and “ Cantobest “Tatean"and * Care gan," lose their several tite, Statements of the most rele. ineot kind are made,upon ny: or no authority.” or exampl Mi. Wood was on his way from Constantinople during the great stom of tho 14th Novombor, ho artived ater it was grer: ets Sw his letter to tlie Morning Herald, two or throo days after iho galerie, nhodintely on his'arsival-ho saya, © ost docidedly-charge. the wlioleof the deplorable reals of the late filo on the grows nd etlpable:nismaaarement of the aval Stthorties out here."==Gi. 189). And hie reprints this astonilt- {ng piece of impertinenca, although he states (p. 171). that ‘Mada one iodo he conduct tae wo Le te iransporta dat of Balaliivn Harbour, either because ho thought tie atchorage a safe due, or Beonuse he-yas ntaro of reasens ‘rich justled the menaute.. We shonid never have done if we cited gut all the flies sod pudence whic dgmce the hook. Afict all, who are Messrs, Woods and’ Russell? ‘They. hare assuinells censorship over gur airs; which, Af i were public trus would not be granted to any onovwho bad not some of ‘Ite very highest mental qualifestions which mien ean posses. ‘The ateraead impartiality, judicial habits of mind, the highest ‘ersontl charactor, are some of the qualifications which, if waited iil profounl knowledge, might give aa a right to pronounce tr cathedrd upon tho conduct of sich an indenting’ Messrs, ‘Woods and Russell may be the sost sober, the siosé moral, the ‘host upright of men, innccesible to fntery, of to those deliate ites bua hich are'a sort of indiret bnbery; but tho mero fact. ‘ut they represent certain London papers in the Crimea proves 20 eirseapestabilityor thou authorty. There is eggs of gentlemen of their profesion whose’ busineds it is to desenbe 214 The Saturday Review. i ‘ [Jan. 19, 1856, recessions, reviews, lord mayors” fest, and exevutions; to tll fre cnt ho cal para tt tad broiled lam, which was supped lim hoy the worthy st an excellent eiaplain arvived ai sovons low, soon altoryards, Caleratt trasin attendance, and how tho procession wens formas, aa at Ue bale of a neighbousing chur tolled eight, the ealpet was Ios ato er eo tol dy tate peony lenty of flaenoy, pcttvoujus esos, aud laagugee to mates bat Jhen'we come follok at tele trentmont ‘of fet and ths biet whisk deiewatements produce, We haa rates hae tema liven o tho limber tocation of the hangs ina hold ip ogr name nd mation tothe conten oF CATCHTPENNY scIENCRY "THE publi thirss for seiontife knowledge, but our men of "Had he said’ Phases, = eaused is to light on such a erop of blunders science are silent, or write ouly for their brethren; and the consequence is that where men wl are wise fer t tread men who ate othersise rush in with great rhnrity. Catehponay trash supplies a void which popalar stionco might’ so hougurably Til {a Germany tome of lie most eminent tes hae of I ys tien whit all ean read and in Frasco, although popular sien. {fe works are rave, eminent mea have undorlaken the task. Bul 4p Bngland, thig i seldom the case althongh when a velly itood book js written; the ygiish public knows how to appre: tinte tas witucss Avuote's Blemente of Physic, aul withont Nor does thé evil rost here. A wretched compilation, mando by. one who never porferuud an experitent ai doen oot ere noe the experiments of others, sande by the Prem, woieh aio, epi std at have, Donght. Men of science do not, read those books, and cond sequently ‘no one ean warn the misguided purchaser; for tho erities who laud them are, natural Cuovigh, even more ignorant ‘than the men who write them. ‘Wo intend’ to keep nn eyo on offenders of this class, who call for literary polieo more loudly than © most others. 9 chosen is the Phasis of Mater, ck wo should centaily” have ltt unnoticed ad not other jouroale Jauded ‘ik, one of then actually comparing st to Amotes Piyster. “ithe very tile 4s signiicanty for tk ie eatehpoony aud biunderings Dr Kemp calls-his book the, Phusis of Matter, boing 0 ielormné ofthe ‘meaning of «' Phasis ” that he imagines il to be synonymous. with Guanes, ‘ho Phosisf Aateraias the ipparance Matter here ‘would have been’ no inaceurey, ‘However, nian mey be ignorant of Greet, and yot be good ce asl, Lots, then, lookintoDr. Kempovalumes. ‘Lissoe nen, sary to.rend thom, but we cin dip hereand thre to ascertain the kind of man with whom sro have t9 deal. Our dipymie ing tint we bave od xo inclination to rend many cousacutive. pages, “Whe biundess ro not simply, blunders of fact, or omissions of eurcloasnees, Dut blunders yhiel imply vant of wequaiatanen wil the ela, mentary principles of tho solence, and nant of thas thought sud eave in compilation which are tho comply’ sole artees Ove frat dip was at page 48 of al. i, Tf, in an edition “of Cockers Arithnetic, « chapter on the Difforenti Caleta had boos ‘introduced, a groaiar mistake would yot have beon comniicd han hen De Comp introduces a section on Compound Ieediece fn a work on Chomtstzy intonded “for tho geueral soholee sod men of the world." The theory of Radial is only sterening to tho scientific. chemist; but De. Kemp does vot Laow where Radical is, and therefore ho is unable’ to deesie, whether aie ‘knowledge be serviceable to men of tho world or not. Io finds 4 section on Radicals i. the books from Which he compiles neal vwhat he finds there he thinks must be worth repdatiog Re ‘poof of our assertion that no dows nob know wine « Be anty be seen in lis deseription of ike" Thus,” fe wey ‘sa substi, called etiyle, cach atom of wifeh somite of ore of carbo and five of liydrogen” Did Dr. teem ererine War substance? did Le ovor tmall i? or weigh it? Hp he evereens fay one who has 2 “ bowing acquaintance” with i? Me les ar ‘hore isnot, so fur as wo Know, any euch subsiance. “ts eer, ence iss hypothetical as that of the other we assur for belie or as that of the inhabitants of Mereury. The holo doctes of Radicals is founded on liypothetieal existences. The only gubstahce yet isolated in what ss supposed fo he the radio foo, {5 gyanogen-the ollie are. suppoted to exigh beamuae theosy finds it couveniont that they shotld exit Oi the same page, we find De. Kewp instricting his readers that aloohol in the production of te decomposition Sf supra ak is one of the class of organie oubatancos wel daly the eeeeen ‘aan Lo reconstruct them synthetically. If Ds. Koa inlee tote to eoord the * Discovers of Modien Chemie? hat Soke fh trouble to ead what fhe Moderas ace doisg! sr hd key any. chemist to look over his proof seats, ho wotld have lence hat aleobol hasbeen synthotieally reconstructed by ME Beste from bicarbonate of hydrogen, conceateted sulphur aati rater, by Dr. Lindley Ke he Phas of Satin suigns of Meters Ghonttey Sedan tongoans, Toss ay an Oulline ofthe Discneres and Appi By Ts Lindley Romp, MD. Se twos, In his prefuco, Dri Kemp anys he ia not» professed chemist, buttas “only aitondod to sewstey in commcn with physiology tod other ecanes nad iis Wepre norte he om Bidora"*a posiuveadvantage,”” ‘We looked into to pliysiiogen] sof his work hoping to ind im more at ht eae ergo our fe ips eft aout moro. thw “oceut very anda inte ty one exer ‘Bie e +o afer watds Tenn, ig suyar, which "exists ia Une mill of maninalins™ Tad he left the sentence thus, wo might hare attributed ie io carelessness; but he is careful in error, and adds—'" Theres, hon. erer, an abnormal eondition, called diabetes, ia which another pion yarety of tug x produced By the ial yowrs of anil TP Jue will ask the first student of medicine he hiappous to meet, kis wil learn, ret that sugar is adieays found in the normal eoudivion of animals ; 2nd, that the suger of diahotoa is previsely this same sugar, only itis fa exeess; Probably the same student, it he be ordinnvily instructed, will inform De. ‘Kemp that sugar (suet tho only exception in'the elass which ho snys belongs exclusiey to plants, Cettutove hing long boon known ad a constitneal gf sone inferior animals, i.e. in tha earGlaginous envelope of the ascidians, aud in the mantle of the eynthias; nd within the last ‘two years Virelow lias demonstrated its presenew in tho brain and spinal cord of man, But these errors are nothing lo wha we now open upon ak p. 179 :—«' An animal seoretion is a substance separated from the blood of ku autmal nb a glad The a ing of which is, that the sceretions exist ia the blood, slerety {ley ave formed in their speeiat glands out of materials furnished by the blood. “Even if we give Dr. Kemp the benef of ts explanation, and do not hold him tothe plain meaning of his words his blundetiog is ao elementary that no explanation will vemore ithe notually classes chyme, chyle, and blood, among the secretions! » That is to says tho food which is mado'a pulpy mass in the stomack aad the intestines, is classed with those substances ‘Which aro said to be separated from the blood—nay, the blood itself is thus separated from itself ‘This blood, wosare 481d elsewhero, is, “tin the arteries, of a scarlet colour, and contains oxygen, and’ also a greater amount of nutrient matter than the veaaus.” In the capillaries, it parte with this oxygen and nutrient matter, and neguiree ‘carbonic oid," Ke. Can he, be s0 ignorant as'nat to Ienow that, 20. fir from arterial blood being distinguished fron venous by the pos. session of oxygen and tho absence of eaxbonio atid, arterial blood alieays has esxbonic acid, and vénous blood alwaye oxygen? Bub this is not all. ‘Tho experiments of Magnus shor that axtorial blood contains abuututely more extbouie acid, though relatively lets, than vexous blood. “Tt ia idle, however, to talk of the experiments! of Magaus to one hose ignorance is rudimental . At p. 204, taking another dip, we leara ‘that all organie structures are produced from a membrane which is at frst only & simple eell "a sentonce rehich betrays the entirely superfiid natuvo of De. Kemp's knowledge on even elementary question ‘We prosume he knows what a membrane is, and we asc him what is the membrane from whieh all animalonles, entozoa, polype, sealeph, Ge, are produecd? And ‘what is the mombrane fom ‘ie plants aise na ne page 43, he favours us with a bib of philosophy, all. the nore Zomelale became ies uchored ia th the ated ie “it is of the last consequence that the ideas entertained upon {us enjoy shoaldabe wary exack"” ‘The reuder of oue sp es Dr, Kemp's idens to be exact, and this is the specimen fo od . 1s th frat place i neeossary to ee ip nnd that whom hs eel of fh sil enter nt ving ong, they eat pone Ongena atest senttel of ortinay nore cey” Chesteal a: eoupltely as iets en sual he heed ts seen Be EARS ag a a lent ts ars thro caosdera, io woh gran emacs nd fons sek ake eke sent di he lekeatry Sd fo ret “tn in tis oropertics, in thet very peal confirmation Goran saea Hit been otal sy emer ‘tlie the Sino tenet th urst grouping te cements a lag seach ovals fo all ddr ous inorganic copouse He jias read this, or something” like. it, in ~axioug ‘book wherein * vital forecs!” are said to ‘control chemical affiuitics bbut if ie understood the elements of the matter, he would l:now ‘what frash he has uttered in Ins altempt to be exact, Does he suppose that the afnity of phoaphorus for oxygen. dies and ds, appear inthe drganiain? Does he suppose Ut ads esse 0 hhave affinities for hoses, or tat water is composed of other gases thon oxygenand hydrogen? ‘Thedillerencesnoticeablebelwesa ihe ‘orgnnisia and the luboratory arise from ths greater complexity of ‘the conditions which surround all the chemical phouomong of Vitality, nob from the annihilation of eheinieal. affities, hon observe with what charuting oftchand superiority le disposes of the question of allumincus crystals,“ Notwitistandiag. whel Jans been said,” hie: denies that such’ erystals hare. been found. Has he ever Fead “what las boen said" on this subject? Hus lo read anything om it? “Does he even now what are-the subs stances in question, and whore they harp been found? At page 244 woaro told, with agreeable humility: Ton years ‘ago, my brain Kriow and believed those loading principles that are go fesbly oxpoanded in this volumes Dut in that interval the matter of the brain has changed.” Ibis a pity. thero has not y