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The theory of yin and yang. The theory of five elements (Wu Xing). The concept of zang- fu organs. The concept of Qi Xue and Jin ye. The concept of Jing Luo. Six exogenous pathogenic factors. Seven endogenous pathogenic factors. Concept of pathogenesis. Methods of diagnosis. Bian Zheng & Lun Zhi. Other minor concepts.

• The theory of five elements holds that “every thing in the Universe is composed by five elements.” • Every in this world consists five great elements and they exist by the constant motion and change of that elements. • These elements are
– Wood.

– Fire.
– Earth. – Metal. – Water.

• The physiology. • The pathology. • Interaction of the human body with the. environment. • The correct diagnosis. • The prognosis and, • An ideal treatments.

• Characteristic of five elements. • Classification of the things according to five elements. • Law of inter-promotion and interaction among the five elements.

The five elements represents the peculiar function in the nature or related phenomenon and events of natural worlds.
– Wood:– represents growing, ascending, Flourishing, and harmonious. – Fire:– represents warm and hot evaporating and flaring up. – Earth:- represents reproducible change and receiving. – Metal :– represents dispersing, descending, firm solid and astringents. – Water:- represents cold and cool moistening and running downwards.

• TCM classifies the things according to their nature matched with five elements quality. • The classification has analogous relation with the quality of five elements. • eg.. The east classified as wood because the sun rises from east and which is similar to the ascending and flourishing characters of the wood.

S N 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Things Five seasons Five directions Five type of weathers Five colors Five tastes Five tones Fives smells. Five numbers. Five types of development

Wood Springs. East Wind Blue/ green Sour Jiao Smell of urine Eight Germination

Fire summer south

Earth Late summer Middle

Metal Autumn. West Dryness White Acrid Shang Fishy Nine Raping

Water winter north Cold Black Salty Yu Rotten/ foul Six Storing

Summer Dampness heat Red Bitter Zhi Brunt smell Seven Growth Yellow Sweet Gong Fragrance Five Transformation

S N 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10

Things Five zang organs five Fu organs Five tissue of the body Five sense organs Five kinds of secretion Five manifestations Five voices Five emotions Five actions Five shu points

Wood Liver Gallbladder Tendon Eyes Tears Nails Shouting Angry Gripping Jing/ well

Fire Heart Smell intestine Vessels Tongue Sweat Face Laughing Joy Restlessness

Earth Spleen Stomach Muscle Mouth Serous saliva Lips Singing Over thinking Vomiting

Metal Lung Large intestine Skin Nose Nasal discharge Body hair Crying Grief Coughing Jing/ river

Water kidney Urinary bladder Bones Ear Mucus saliva Hair Moaning Fear Shivering He/ sea

Ying/ spring Shu/ stream

• LIVER:- corresponds wood because it is concerned with ascendance. • HEART:- corresponds fire because it is concerned with warms. • SPLEEN:-corresponds earth because it is concerned with nourishments. • LUNG:- corresponds metal because it is concerned with descending. • KIDNEY:- corresponds water because it regulates the water.

• The law of inter-promotion and interaction explains correlative relation of the five elements. • Inter-promotion means the mutual production and generation. • Interaction means mutual resistance and resistance. • Both of them (Inter-promotion and Interaction) requires to maintain ecological balance in nature and physiological balance in human body.

• • • • •

Wood promotes fire. Fire promotes earth. Earth promotes metal. Metal promotes water. Water promotes wood.

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