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Solutions Manual To INTRODUCTORY QUANTUM OPTICS By C. C. Gerry and P. L. Knight

Solutions Manual To INTRODUCTORY QUANTUM OPTICS By C. C. Gerry and P. L. Knight

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05/10/2015

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|Ψ = C0|0 + C1|1 .

G(1)

(x1,x2) = Ψ|ˆ

E(−)

(x1) ˆ

E(+)

(x2)|Ψ ,

where

ˆ

E(+)

(x) = iKˆaei(k·r−ωt)
.

ˆ

E(+)

(x)|Ψ = iKˆaei(k·r−ωt)

|Ψ

= iKC1ei(k·r−ωt)

|0

G(1)

(x1,x2) = Ψ|ˆ

E(−)

(x1) ˆ

E(+)

(x2)|Ψ

=|C1|2

K2

ei[k·(r2−r1)−ω(t2−t1)]
.

Also

G(1)

(x,x) =|C1|2

K2
.

76

CHAPTER 5. QUANTUM COHERENCE FUNCTIONS

g(1)

(x1,x2) =

G(1)

(x1,x2)

G(1)

(x1,x1)G(1)

(x2,x2)

= ei[k·(r2−r1)−ω(t2−t1)]
.

Clearly

g(1)

(x1,x2)

= 1.

Since

ˆ

E(+)

(x2) ˆ

E(+)

(x1)|Ψ = 0,

we have

G(2)

(x1,x2;x2,x1) = Ψ|ˆ

E(−)

(x1) ˆ

E(−)

(x2) ˆ

E(+)

(x2) ˆ

E(+)

(x1)|Ψ = 0.

So the second order coherence function vanishes for |Ψ .
On the other hand, we can study the statistical mixture of the vacuum
and one photon number state,

ˆρ =|C0|2

|0 0|+|C1|2

|1 1|.

G(1)

(x1,x2) = Tr

ˆρ ˆ

E(−)

(x1) ˆ

E(+)

(x2)

= K2

ei[k·(r2−r1)−ω(t2−t1)]

Tr

ˆρˆa†ˆa

=|C1|2

K2

ei[k·(r2−r1)−ω(t2−t1)]
.

g(1)

(x1,x2) =

G(1)

(x1,x2)

G(1)

(x1,x1)G(1)

(x2,x2)

= ei[k·(r2−r1)−ω(t2−t1)]
.

Since

Tr

ˆρˆa†ˆa†ˆaˆa

= 0,

we have G(2)

= 0.

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