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B. F.

Skinner’s Verbal Relations:


Cheat Sheet

A (stimuli or variables) B (behavior or response form) C (consequences)


1. Mand MVar Ask Characteristic Reinf.
(motor,*spoken or written) (Get or Escape)

2. Tact NV Describe Reinforcement


(spoken or written) (Educ, Auto, Social)
3. Intraverbal V Answer Reinforcement
(spoken or written) (spoken or written) (Educ, Auto, Social)
4. Textual V Read Aloud Reinforcement
(written) (Educ, Auto, Social)
5. Taking V Write Reinforcement
Dictation (spoken) (written) (Educ, Auto, Social)
6. Copy Text V Copy Reinforcement
(written) (written) (Educ, Auto, Social)

7. Echoic V Repeat Reinforcement


(spoken) (spoken) (Educ, Auto, Social)

*signed is equivalent to spoken

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