themusicianslibrary.blogspot.

com •

aSlCS

bv Simon Fischer

exercises

and practice

for the' violin

f>e:ten: BUllion l:im.t~,~ 'I O-U 2 BlU:hci!; S:l!f¢Cl l.ail'i~!fi-jj

N] 6.[)IN

fit'M publiiStli;d! ~. g.'97,~ ~Il'['m;ood 1991

't:> ~QQ7 by ]~iru:kh~~, Editlc!"~ •. ~'E~rs ~diliOOl l.imi.'lled,L.::!likd,Q11I.

A"!ltaICi~1.fe ~cmilror ihl!!' boo); ls a1;'jillllJb~,t: room lh1:l British. lib~

.All ~i~ltlr~lnl~~nr~d. NQ .piij;~OO' 1ffiilptlbll,~t~o~] :rn~,li' l'iIe repr{lduc(lCi, $,iot~d ~I'!! ill ~td.w.'~d~em o:r "l:~:!:mim,il:lI~d! in' any r1i)11n Of by any ~m1~afliS~ d(lcrn:ml.;:. rm,d:ll1irl~iC:al., p-h~~pyii'.l~,.re'i}rdiu.g Uf o~he;rwi;'Sfi' ... ",.itl;lOOI tll~ pti.m' lWWiu~~ J?(:i;tt!!i!l:&iuOXlfjif th~ ptrbJiisiher.

C()!i;'!lil::; Ju.an (l'r:ls.lAJ :fJW/"bn. (19Hl .~j] am WQoo :PQil~!) 'l'l . .MJ~np •. Par~~ all.dDA:CS~ wMlQ:U1:HI9'{ ·O·ffliil:ld~.dlf!1j KuIl~tfi1l:I'l~Jit'lh,l~&':.;~'I~ lClIIl:ismJU;SCwll 'G.ift of D.r H. c. R~O!l1 1..11 Roch~:~195.2

.fhot.'O: Offe..nruciJ:l.e: KlJd~~mmlwg B.<Uid, .iM.m:tm .. i?O~;M.i:

M!!Isic.s.ililllinc: !b.:!, M.IIIII,J!d! H!Jd'~.{Ifl II1Thd 'fMa,JQ[le3 :iFhoilog:rniPh:li~' D .. ITI¢li:; Wiuy

[]e~i_~g!ledl bll FtJlc:y $'i,~!'!.{rId!Ut~., LwulolD

PMt'C~ m {iteM Bdl:':!!illl by Sit Bd.'tl~lll]d~bll:lfY'P~~ l!rYlrt S!i:EdfllU!ndS~ SIl!fo1~k

S(;~. in A.d!GI;!~ SYStll:iJa~ .~ri;!rige<r ilnd. MonQi.)ipc P~n.rcia

U:sliJl:g wright :hm the ~~tm

U;:;iDg Vi'l':lglu :6'wm m~h4l1d Spreild.i:lltt we:i,ght thwl.!ghfu .. !band rill! tlrnd plI.Illn

forear.m, rm!lriOfl

Up~[""lIrm mO,vel1ll~lJft ,AOO1i!it rois:ing iihi1i~~ooW Lc,adl~ng string c~si!lS

AbolJiE d"e <IlI1Ig:Ie: of the vii)')lin, ~o ihlOoodly MG1IUlIg me :tialiJ.d, along, 1fI,e!JQ1,'\'

Oilriding a:l!ic b ~WII' imo ['Ou.r. parts m~idling: Ellie b ow :i1!~1] '~ ~~Ili

Bm'rl'in,g i:l~ ,~ ,:!!:i1JSk

Fa.sl wl1ele boWl> :m the air

Pa$t s'liolrt strcom mo~'ing up ~h.:' b,yw

10

'37 38

],2 14 14

Bow ~:i][ T'rne l~m AU:l!.,,']Q:

1Q

SOllndpo[n,[ e,,::er.cise; whole bOWl> $oundpoint 'ilX~rcise: shorr brn""11

42 43

Ch!.lln~,~~ smJt.'Idipaiil~

Dixre'l'Cl'U :sgi.mdpoirJt~. :sam,'!: speed 'Difkr"<:t'it SUII.I]ldpomJts, ~amill pi!",e$~re Rhythms ,011 each $OWlLclPQw,'t

,<lISi

,;J:ij 46

2~ 22 2:2

SP;(i;;":d ~xcrcis~ mmri'l!Ig l!O(ro~ !$1;1u.l1.!dpQjllJts:

Slp~oo ~rei~1; lJis"ii'Jg bro"'en t'lii~r'd5- U~cvel3J bOlo'" SPl!'edlfl

24

:Pfer>S'U~'~ exerei$eJ

P:res'SW'{; ex,el:Ci~e movillgacr-Qs;s, 5QlJoo:poilllS

54

r'1"~$Uire ~i'd~ce 'l.ilJing S1c~l.e$

,

Parr C - Key Suoll:;e's ~d~

Evms.P'too and p~Slliil;!f~ &moo[h pODIJiil:~tiQm;: .sii:i1l~le iJ'!l~/Nit'e! .',iMl~mJ~ IPtXUiltlJ

Ga(inmg 11!,¢. string Fll:lger:1~ti,Qn

Br,J'W hlold Sih«a!tO,

Str.ing oms,sl.ngs Ti1i:l'OOlo Cl!,c$r;lise~

Krejj:~{!' E'I.'L.u1!.l I~.(l. ,.;1 Ab-'01!Jj~ C~IIH·.p.j,{;-:cat..o Slpicclito

:[JrojXJIttiorlll~ Strirlg c.rooiSing ~5p'tn911l11. ~JAg$

A!Ol)!llt trn::' 11lIO\i~ ~IIt'oil'~he bo~v W.iilhii[l 'the bMld

Riooc.h.et

Srii~~liig ;a:i'p~"ues; KieV lmwillYllpMt~ CJho_

AiHm[[lmnng fnn.;g.il~ plil:C'et;lll!nJl in cho:rd~ V'Oieing

£1moothpivoti.Il!i::

Omduail\Y jm::roa..~mgle'!lgrth

Pan :D ~ Left Ha:nciJ Redu~ifrlgf.um& ~muiU'hpllls)il'I!I'

~h:LOHii~g: '~hc dl~mb ~a;fl'f!d,liP "lie{(!tll;:

Tbumb ind.elNrldm.cl;l RoJ:ling fingersill~o mf.i5iltmg U~.rd ()()1.In~e'1"1;lreSiS:lime'

Abo!LItl'illlg'ertip plilC\liniLl:lll iUldi ~li.~ jOilil!ts f']rl~i[lip p3:aocmlZ(m

(:~!~nl.'I'j'n10~tQ[I.

S!idmg~...,rd$!'t

65

l1iamd~irt.iQ1il

Re3d~liwg b!!.c~r!rom dl~' fourth flllg~·. ['Qsil:iooing tb~i"I.I.lIld lW' third!>

Fi"~i'p!)liSJu.re

F-mger l~dI~ciil.d.cu:l.>!::c Minimum Pf(;-S-$uro ~Ie,~:si:ni!l: b~tWll\el'I, lJiot~

ff~~er pre~!l;l.Il:e' in d.oubJe ltCp~, ftn,g;Cf Jlaii:!\I

,Aib"l.l:t mQ"'iil1;g fin:g'i:I:':l fW:m .tI'itc 'Ib~se i~~

SJ1etll:~[l,ppiI1lEl S4.!Jarih!II!(d.~~!l!~ea . hTdlngl,lnpt'5ldQ-w,1Ir O\1\Cf~appil1~

FJoklmg; d'aw.mL th~ fif.ll~ Jin:gel: flaSit; fl~~1'S'

72

Grndlll:1!ilY in~.r~~ing ~:p~dI. SlffiiIi·tel:Jl.pco, fll~!i: rir:t,g<::.s Riryd'lrns.

FOti_"'ni1:lw lC:~IIi'MI,~Im1!

R.e'h:l:liFlbll(g tbcl I,o-w~rfin~r Brl;i.itd:i~ uiU!j, note by nom Diw(;tW.fI

II:Q'W

b'fenwMlnd: taViltillnJi

9l 91 92

99 W2 '11O~ ]!B 1(1{1 ]Q'S.

lOG. !11iQfi lOGo li1l'7 l:O~ Hi U6 rH) HB 1'11:91 U'9 l2!O 12:.11.

121 .11:4 t:a~ 1ilt!

138 ~J191 .~~ Ho. ]441

'lGhos;t:iJJg' t!~1 QIC,'oie~~nt

I "~i"WJI idle dI:ift

"Th1,J;1ilIIb prt'!pal':!II[ao[) Fi!:!Q~~ rl:('tdln£i;

A:~Oy,t ~'ow ~¥T!v",1 c'i;F~J

'pne=-fingel' t'~ewd5e5

S!(IVI,I' ar.ri"'.:li~JJ~~d

Scale!; lliL'ld ilIlr:p(lgg~.O!l I3rn~n.U:\ird!s;. fOllrmso !l:~C, S-em~toi:'!l~~

Chw(ll~ltic gli!!'!illindfio M<:tl'l}L'lQ:IT!C ~C[d'Sc

';Omital stwlfts

I h'namlc. llilifits ;tCo,mbftnation shifts. r~~III"ge' $hitls

IIJsinit~U:b!'Oti:rn.:ni~it'iSi Sluil1tIDg br;loU!' [hen(ill\~:

Sauif:lil1l!.l: w.~tll b!!)1h!l!l'ig~~~ :Elrol«lfl.~~t~:[~~ls

Se,Bl~s

'DJ'Q1P-<!~ :iSMl:m!!t~JI~ r;~lnd 'nth'

TIl' .. mfui

l'AlI~lbtilts 'in He mmptete1:,equelll!l.e !~h!edop:s

P:art F - lOl'Oo.adon 1.~pa.tt1e'li~ Yitu!'atiQ~$

I iI'Ie 'fRii of: 'tibl!' hllllld and 11'!9if.!'$ M-emmhing til!: niIJ.w;! pr)!i'i~i!J1!l lritcnillg spaces b!l!t'\'I;'(llf;[1 fingcf.5 Gilhji'l-n.ot~

: IUnllQrm il'l~Jilar;Q1iI Fi~ge:~ pIl!W~IT\Si

M1!!ji)u and miQr~f Ilh3:rd:!;

looinrg :!lc:l!!t,'!i,

T.mmg~,QCidr:l1lIlb from ~;l!l~~l," 'Wid~ .JCUc..-li IlM'OOW 'SJi."mi~OOr!i~

].15 14$ 1146 146 1,1,7

1.48

'~:4~' !4·9 [:H g,S2 1'5<~

1:55

:~5(i, 11~1 '~!98 1GO clJ(j~ 1.6,'2:

Ul::! lM,

HiO [67 iuS

117'1lI 117;3: 1'13 l76 U'8 'U~

'1I1~ ~Mi i86 186 ]88 1191 1'93 ]95

1\17 198 200

Abo~l t,Ut1lir.ig dO-Wlblc. St®~

~~em[tf!i!fle,'tft~; ,Sing]~ tmt~, DOlJb]i:~tops

ThUrdis:

'~"tlence5: b'ain'S~ UiJi me .~q CIUo.iuat:ilC' ~qll.~[1~

Harmonic !;eqUC'J],ce

~1If~~ f(l!iLl'itb~L

ran G = V~,bl!'a.I!Q fle~.lbl:lltv

fil'fit joiul: !Balle ioim Ci['{:~es.

f(aJ1\( 'i!~ ~!\lIl\ ffl9y,mJnu· .

SljdinS C)ol • ..:tr:Ls¢~ Tappirtlg

'\War~ ~~,,;;:ijJ!~ tForea:rm, rot<1001'1

IR~Ii1iil:.n-,~e¢I~·

:&~l.ei1s.in~I!Q a hil:rm.on:k '"S~'i!'!:gi~g' ~I\c. Mt'lcl ifi~t'tti 'J'ibro~(j Vjbrnt1[)~ h'a.mQPbCS

Kiil~pjn;g ;ih!l~wn iitin

UpP'I!I'®l:.m

Vibrndlllg <III any!>pelild Vibnuo i!l.cotllrs;

Dividin.g; sc:mIJt;('lt!C5· 'I'i'mg<::l:tip 3[1;d pad

CI:I~rlg,mg w~d~witlJ(IIlltC'h3if;Jging :'i:pc:~,d.

t:o:dIiliLlcllil$; v.lb:lll!!to

.Movillg :iingers 'in 81O'\7i1~1:Qti{)]11 PIl.t6iing

Sjkm ~i:l;ins ~~ti dropping

lqual vlbraltO iOir:! ~iff'e;rt:m''fh1\g,ef$ Compmllglill.~r:lI

.B"'"e'JjJiJlj~'Ci'I

21H :202: 3JCl2 204 2~l6 'i!)7 .20'7 .20S 2;~!OI

ass 2B :lUi,

215 215 :lUi .;1:17 :2r7

·218, aia

.:21'91 .22J(]l 22'0 ,;i!2r11 ;l1:,:.u

222.

,222 222, 2.23il 2;2];

224

iUil 226 226

2.28 231

~%~!;'I;lple~t() :play the tim note the bow mSiY have to be p]a.oedon the suing and then 'b:it~' the begiQf,liflig mihe not!e; to play ilhe seoo;_nd notethe 00v; tnaiyha:~~o. piV!O~ smoo'IDiy across to another :sItl:'i:n'!Ig; oolp]ay!b~' third nQ~e a fi~ger Lll~h:avc to be liftcg,,!tt pJay!he jf.ou!!'thri{J~e ~ hand m~ryhave t·o ;shill up or dQW']l. and SO O~.

O!:ltb.e~r ,own~ mOSt oldie s.epllnlrte ~echniq:ues, are v~J:ysin1(pl.e. I~ i~ ronly W:i'U~!n1 'we ~·~O perf'@!!'m ~~r.am of them .. r the sarnmetime t.b~t they ean :a,:ppeil!!:l'O be:CQme more diffi,clliltt. 1'0 Oil certain tliKt~J'lit! <jIl ~eillsy' piece is easy beC"l!lS~ ~[~ f~w .H::ti.o:m'l$ haeeto be pl/!:rfo~,d 1Iit the ~roe' time'; a "dlitf:ll:eunc P[~Ct:'i i~ dillocllh :!tlllcaus(;l ten QlE t"~fl!ty ac:biO,El5. m<lry i'a;a'Wl(o be pil\d'\::Jinnedllt the sa:me 1;jmlll or inc~os~ :S;U{;C~LO!f:l. (Th~!ll:ls.lest ~piece' oil" all mlUs~ ·tbeirutfurebe ills:!: oil:1e '~PGln $ltn:t!,gp]"Iyed :pizzic3~U, becauseis OU[lsDS~ ~r oll~y QIlJe .U:;ti.Otr!"J

Many ofmeindi;vidua:i actioOl'IS th;:!1t 1ll3b. "!loP m~c:Mi.CJJil.e can. th.emild~ btl; bro!el\I'l d.own. ~l'Ittl

Weil~3irme~ ezereises deve[op :indiv~d.uat parts of t:edmiq1J!/C. 1:'he1:'Jie':.'!l,t step is to oom.bl:t:liC Ilhi: mdivhluai. tecltniqfuiCs in eoumless d:iflieren:t wa.lI'S' !by D~~mg scales, Emd:ies aimdl pieces. But: many (If the diflkuh,icll, £If ever:pday :p]ayiriil s~mp:l;y v~r::!.i:Sh if ~!(),ullegl:!ll:arly pnlcuSie kle~' ind'iv.idua] t~~lmiques ~I'SU11Ile~y.

The mOiSt impnn::!!!;lil: dwg is tchase so much ~echmliqueM.'B!~. you dO\iJ:"I: ha¥"e~o think abOll.:Il" h .. If you. axe too .co11i$ciou~ '01 du: '[l!()W':1 it can m!!ikeplar,yi;rug almost imp(lsdblle,.ju'S[ aSilll'llYactioos ttha.t nomt91l1y happen .~yto:maticS!I.]y - w.~ldO!g~ 1!aUdllg:. e'a~ing, etc. - become stihed md awb.'WSird when we try ~() :pe.rfonll them cQ\nscio:Laf~l:y. rChildwn :Iearn ql4icl1y beeause jbe <how" ~oes ¥tf1light. :i11l11l)the 1!,]l1cu!!1'sdQus. It. is dwough m~ <!!chl~lt kFIoMngeYl!r more de.l1l!rIY:l!:udconsqoXlsly WT!:!I1i ce d OJ lIhal rlIl~ny ~eel~ni:qI!MJ becomes :J!llmm~tic .. ndis then Hiilt\[ra.J~y fO.l:gQtli.efl,. Then m~ p]~Y~f C~J!, ~aUy be tfl;)e 00 m.a!';,eIDM,!>!C,

'iou:rc.es,

~y (if. w_,e c:ttrci~:>: in tnl5 cQ]llIlcUon blll'lNO: be.cn u~ed wkle:ly fur diccades, ~d 1i'l ~Mne !;.':!l~r::tl 'for iO~flt.~lries. T1~;:i:r ~gcl, "rigin is dillkllh UJo traee ~eca.lils(: ~hcr bl!\1',e beenee \I.'iddy ,P'nl~fJi:se.d. Oth~s OOV1l! bllel'l 1;lS~>d. !Q m\ldl by ,t:!:rudn lleachcfS" mood;ll'lot ncce'l.:5tll'ily Inve,l1:l,"Q b)' th!!!m~ thtlit lhe ex'Iln:i~e:~ ha.ve ibocon:!l! !lsoot-iat:ed wim dtemr ~mialHYl'iZOOiie p;mdlUc~m:1 eKIWc'isi: , ''leSC:h Unlii:1:ld~~'P~ 'm'l. !ef ta]il!)rn_g {rep~~,ul:d hJ' y(lit IIlCId Dmallir,:}, Se.'lclk m' Sch'mdiil£k'-l)i'pe fi!lg~r :paW;"l:fiS. OClJniS-,tYpe shl'lltiingO:l ling) [I' lK~i()n ~~~~S. ete,

Some IIlfrbe C'X.<::i'ci..,~, a~ ,a.d~ptl,tions ~r tra:dlition.1~ mCIIIQdis, w,ll:lle ornenare my OWIL BlJlt tn- . :lield 1.I!'.l Qld! I.UlI.dI wi~llf>i;ladn 'l'iiolinrplaymg, new' ideas U!i1ll~ll,yrurnom UIIHI.!,\\[!' beii!'tl '~h,ilQil~t t"l.f'MWI-e, A1i a ~uIClC'J!l,t l'i!n.w[uoo.' the 1!Ki::~cisl! in whi~ Uro· pb:r~r rID'!! hi" o~ h~t b$:fid up ~nQl g.(lWIJI tht. ~~ i'iozmry haw (EJrere_ise- ::16) •• ~ showed! I,t 1.(', :3J Bu]gMia~n ~i~ljllr,~It. w.h<i :'ii~id~-tu~ h!;'ld bem taJLJ.liht trn'~'t :same ~X-CN:]8C in Sofia :fiif~r_l'l, years earH~. latter ] came ;JiCli~r.li!:

I: .simiiw- ~erc~'!~ '~n Sf". lA..~"nr wirh l{thiM~' ~J~idiim (f'II!)et',l,n,odnl'j. 19.' 1 ), and i1.glil:i[lir.l1h:rl't'liellj"s, 81'1W l' Pf,(Jjl, H($ rJdch (Cltes~e:f MlItli::. l~dofl. 1975),

Sum!::~ of !:hi;; ,"-xt;rcil!~ I!)rigin~~n:i' ~pP'IIDred :m se:rial:i:s-ed fo:nn in n~ SXl'ad mag:ai'i_~. The fi'51 oftbeslili - .... sas ;01 tene ~uctLiJll{:Kercise that.~ l~OJ;mj[ lioon! •. DlOootBly Dd..ay; Befur't saldili1i the .~. to me rn3g11zi:ne .• m u~iepbnned Mi$[i; :DeLa.y in Ne ...... \~m m :<lILt l:ie:r penllw LOU, cxp!!liniQg mat r did not wam. [0 'sresl' her eXeIn;;i'!it. She htughr.-"tIliod !!:laid:

"Don'[ wun::y. "I' I~aml: :it from nal_ami::lll", >lind: he ieill"m i_t '£I:'t'lm. Capet.s1() {"d mt: - WMt is mlpoir-mr:tt Is Dull: m~8e: ,~~s.eg OOciilllll~ kIlIm.v.ll~·

,ACkiiilowl~dgemenU

My Umik'll "0 DOMlhy Doiil.illY,. wbm.e basIe e :illc:fdsl,:~ we~ nOt mtly me iti.spimtioo but also [be starting point fi,llli thi~ book. a5'1\'~UIl:il my P!:ltit"Ui;l.(:fq,i :hc:t iitliW0rit ,:l;Ddrn(:ourag~mC:l1i fClJi,ne proj~'l!. tf1i\~ the yean,

ram, indwa-ed rn. :rhi'lf.tl!i!!l)1 ffiel:l!I;i8 I'IIl:d coiEleoIl ~I~ rlClrabiy :tmOOl;e1 HI,I.rwir~ wtw bii\'~ lqn:~~ [tlirrougJ;i or tli~~~o:::.'ll'ly ,dni,ft tlf: t'llLe 'lIDo.k, ,ilf:ld, wh(JI.les'Ugg:@iSti.an.~, b~'C ~~ay!! b~ri; $0 ~~flf~l; and in p~.u:ti.cul~:r to Kyrn Humphn-ys 0IJ!lid: \~n.;S!l.Wtii~e- 'wh~~~~insi!'l:ll!:inc: ""'tli~k in, lfI"}il1l!!, r..I.iJ eJ!i~K~e-~ rund cllecb'rl,g t:c",'~ \jjI;!il1'> il!nIllIIlSib:l~',

'fll:ank9 ~I 0 I.Q~lJl 'IRe :rnIlany ~tmlic[lw owr the £fmetl-),fl";ill' period d1Jrin.~ whllCl'I 'till; ~UQI<; b:l~ dcyd0iPOO~ who bilW ll(1[cd as wIlling and ~rl'l:1illJs_iM[ii:: 'gliLlnea pi S', mi!~i'n8 it ,[}m~~ib~c to rdinc .~ndHide8ign ,ea.!::h ~Ke,1"(,1.~ 'OOllJrl'I],eS& '!tlt'i~ WiduYl.i[ them, few {Jf:thee:lIr~rel~l;fi I;iQwd 'ha'l-'; C"VOi.Vl;d into mei:r Dual forn~.

H' B'" ·

.-., .... ,",', .: " ~: I I__:' _-I _,'> .... -' ::.:,".'1 _ :'" . "I . _'. ,"'-::'. '--',.,' '--'-'," ,I :,' _" •. :' .:

ow to use i .. ,aszcs

Which exei1lcise~o p[,actise? How ~cmg to practise i~ fo,t?' How 0:&00 to practise it?

E¥~rybody's Deeds, ,ar,e diller'ent", !!ll"Id an l"Ncrcisc m~t :m~.y be :re]cVIl.ntfur one- pJayer may be mi'e'wnt: for ulotib.er. Basiu C8;l1. 'be" used ~n <I!Il! ntllriJile.r (l,t w~'ll ~,rdmg to preference,

The eKera"ses fall into, se",rera;1 categpr-i,eso. Some al'e hnendeii :!limrp~y :ro iIIumfumm: ill p,lIl1tic-uilar 1\ipCC'E ,of pl:ayiillg, ..c.g.~ no~, 1 ~ 2~ 6~ 19 .. 54" 55. Th~ ,can 'be :l'e:lJlnlled! tOI :from t~me 'to time, hu.t do not need to 'be p'ract~t,d reguIDar.dy.

Som,t of the ,ex:erci:scs:I1r,e desiped to Gl""'e a dliWe.;ent Cree:1 tt) the: hands and MOOS, in, a:1[ the different ~!!specl:s of playing. fOI ,exa:mpt,e: the f~l ef eaeh fingtilr nn t!he 'OOw~ of ni&iugand dropping me fii1l~; ofdrnwjng: ~ stnligtn bow'~ !U~;~ SO on, MQS:[ Q-f 'm~~e ;;'i~ very !!bOt:I ;MId sJmple, md d~) Q~n ,r~q~ir'l: mol'~ thmn S.iit111' (11" nin.;f;t:{ 'S~'::(Wj;d~, e'.g.~ 1:1,00. 3. 4~ 5~ 9t 56, 8,9 98" ·~29, l1ley Glo notneed to, be pr-a:ctised ,er\ll'ery dillY. a:][hou;hman_v pEayeu; finddl",1:. di,ifc:n."'D1: I~:rdseg l'mtom.e f.'aVOUd['~5· [0 wh.l.cl:i dt.ey return -again ;md ~ga:ill. Thel' can be U'~e(l da~l)' fur buildiJr.l;g '~t:,~tmtq:1Je; 0.[:1 by remmbl.g !~) mem r,e;glu]hly~ 'used as; a q[uh;;k "iVlay to ei[lSli...lre Id:iail ~rythins:sta.,s. in _g<lodi ''''lO*ilng {l,r~r,

OllieI:'" exercises are ,~id p'liI);f.ice tontin~s that CQ;)~taf:idy d.;;-:vcl()iip :mechniqlll: .IIlnd~lik.1.: playing ~cate-l>" n'Iliill.j' bocom,e parr of 'i:i~elrydaypI'a:ctice- .. So:m£ {d." the key exercises in this Cilile,go:ry IJ!I"e mne producrioa, shi.~t:i:ns~i;Eu.Qn3Jtiun, and vi'liir.;uJo., Used ~pilllind. ~)pill.,tb.~ i:mprnw;: m~l)'hif.Y~t'\! oo.olIn"lique on s, C:O:llitin1i.liSllbasis.

Mmy Basia' ex'ercis,es, coa:!l be used m daily pr.u:tic:~ m save time;, lnmn:lluo,n, exer'cises." for nstM~~

I '1

~ "i;. I r-t

... ~ f

$;8!\"~ Dme by "![U'nint~ '!:h~ band 'so ma'~: tewel'iritoT:la~ lion problemtS are Uiwlr~o ar:is~ in :SUimCQUL"'ii1it prac1Lic:e-. FifE~C~11 n"i,in1.i'tes spenren an imun8.thall 'e.'«!roi~e can mean Ul;~i~ Y01l1, spend one hOUl1' $milteild or '[\\-"0, working on j,f,ltol1mool'l, ill .i;] piece, M31lY 0,£ th'!il shifting (.!XCtCises :indnde:lll.l possibilides of ~h:iftmg from one finge~ tnanother, Onor;! )-Ou bil,lVC ~etiil1ed rhem f~.r en hO'Ulr;" Oi for ren :minutes;' th~ ~-e~[rokey(lIll pillY I.Ift.erwams feels I:IlOf-e s,ce~ b.ec8~1:!je, la clIect, lr{IU have' <d:r-cady w('liklti:d 0:1], rut we slhii::. in ooe ;0.

Some pl8IYC'rs Uke' tospend all il':he prncti.ce: m31 dl1lY jmt plaYIllg" .flX e:xampl~ shiftlliig exm::ises or '110m! ~production exercises, The impm\'I:lme.n'lin 'me gc;llcrn.lk~e1 olf playing: that ~S'l!i~s frOtH w'O'rkm.:g; ~[i~etlUs' can b~ f~r[ for.a: 100000g 'rin1,e 'mo oome ..

Although ll',uS,ICs is nOlI ,8, bOO!K to p]a~thr,O'ugb i'om. COVfJf to ~t.i on.e' ;1pproliclit 'is 00, pmcriSil:' !!llmeihing'mom eaeh s.ectiUID evcry !by. Some e:Ke:r-.cis.:s will tak.~ 'r11iny seconds, and some wHI tsh mirty :rnmu'lies~ what ts praetised dep~nd~i!:i:Dul!d.y on th~ indn.viduai~· 'I],cl(.ds, and a.l,Ill;!I.ability 'of !im.c.

Keel' :l! rewrd 'of wha!~ yml OOI1!R1! practised.Qr L'1i:m:nplt::. in, a row 'Oif j.l!.~emative key Sijgl:!atlUfeS' (slU.cni1l$Qu,POIlte: ]42)r:lck each ~7 signarl'UfC as, you. play it. Mark each eXi~J'cise w~ili II ticck each dime you do jilt. Prnclis:iu,g a rene production exe:oc:is~. mabEl 11I0fe of ',A !i'll:ing; low po:s'iriM'~ ":0 'St1iI'lg'Jl biS;h pi:lSl!oon"." ilOOSQ on.

Thu; b rou - te,r-f- n!rS5:UFe'

_____ m --n--- IP- ----- -

CQ141'1te~pli'S~ur:e 18: 's<:lm,e~;iim~ 'v.e:~y Uti:~!.'~~at. cthcrtime,& FIlil:l'C;O m:61'~~.dep~l}d]rrug oil me <lm:(II~.n,1;. '~$ p~~\"liLiie ~h'to dl.!!:

·~ltti.ng~ Mdw:hLch P:~"l of '!!M b_~i~ u~e:d, A~ ~~ Me1 the ~1J;um:biI~ c9:0r;act wtill ~i1jl:oow can '~.(:i 'Il.ery l~t~ e1tcn in :rile lOfltll~.e:s.[ p]a1i"tng.A~~l1e PQ:hl1:,. ID.e 'd;n'lm'b .!nts to' W0:tk b.~iij ¥Jl1:n the ~rim.l'd pJ.tis~l],.re J)f ilie(ing(i;{s ~O~~ ti:I~tloW; ijo1li~e~' mlj@ .k l's)' corU)[lEe[t. P"hiS$tW"tlsli~uld. alw:ays .be .M ,I,~!de: IfliSpeiS$DfffiJI.e"

CoUl;lkr~pl!:(~$\t~ ill, aumITI~i,e: g!l)dW'lic'O:!lSciOrl;,l:$. 'but ootl~~dolJSr re:]gafi~~ c.a.~ be:: helpfull.ThCjIi.@S'I: ~mm~f.i ib:£j:lnb ren&'lb1':l pl:~bWe~5 diooo!!: O:()I(I~ {fum COlUt1te:F-.p.rf!is'"sb:lJl~,b1!l:t from !l()!lle~ting'1ihe: IilUft'l:O :rgJe:Ol_~~ wb:e~ Joe-£1ScO:W'!ile':~pr~!lilll[\ll is n~etd.~cl..

~i~c:~tfu{: m.tm1:b·~t aL'l'a~glc (!Iira,bout: 45"'1;:0 rh-e bow, 'So tba.t me dp o,fd1.e leftsIiIll!c· aJ:·mew)Jmb (~S "Seen ff<~m ~n.e :p1a,ry.i;l~"s ,v:J:ewpo~n\} is 'on ID(:f ~tili(:1!;3t1id. tb~·~r:~h.t iide is Bgarnst m!il' :~lil![.ThcmUimJb- shoaJd .:.dw~s kl:'l:diautw,a:l'as.

Thi s e4:~i!le~hl;)W$. how m;u¢h ~!W'lit~~'PI1e:SSUl':(j th.~~bhlmlb li~.s to· giYe' .in. ~"ctypan' olthe .. b.ow.

~9iM Ol.IJd·mlilxed ·~b.umb de5p~m Ii:~ p:~e"5:i'ili:ife- ill'firtQttJe 'Sbriiiil91

A.t'th:e. ,pornt·tl'le.,d:!!,,Imb (O~f"plreS.'Se5 mOllie

~I P~;;i!oe the b(!lw 011 [lilt )\J:drtg a"l: m,,,, "bttl. j~Sl: . 10 :uQ:fi'r, ·~f ~.il: firs;!: :fi~F', llo.ldJiL'lIg ·!(he; how wh.h onlylile thumb ·a:.nd Erst !in,g-e<r {Fig. 1 a;)!.

l :S~l'}wb" D~;s1:I tftl,e' wood, o:f tlIeb/,li"'t dD\l.ln. :Is £a1ta$ p~~ioli:t, Ho.""'~"$~l" i'lcard yon. p~ssdl:'lm ttl(€: s:n:if:l.g~ (he t,hiijmb ~~n be light and. ~relaxe(lL

3: Repla_~~h,.e b~wQ['1~~ &fiing ill. (j~ll[;:m.t.'I'l'cJl:ighe!t :it.".,S:r.u..w!y ptces:s 'me; Yr~ ofme;1b-.iYW d(iwf! as falr as,p~s::ifblc .. , .Feel. ncrVI' tt1eW:!:Lnllb ·~,,~i "l!o CQUfD£e(-.p~'il a. frMtiQ'lJ, tl;lti\m

4 'Gut:ldIlil!.d.,1lg to 'hp]d. the bm¥ 'il.i~rh un~y me ,mi1il:lllb ,\tli.4fiui[·l'iIiL.~.r} ]?~:;1; ~.e bo-w a.own. inw die striAg ~_iltime:¢e" by~.entimeu::e .up. mewhfilL~ l~:r.hgjb o-fthe b!)'ii!{, Pe:e:1 an ,th~ 'dlffeJ'~[I1 dtg1r~'S ·of QQI1'n1I('tt~ Pfll:~$IJ:re' tbt mumlbl:1f11s ·to giive,,,Ptcs,s1ng a.~ ·li.'le. .. pOii1'llt ~te:9itesm-e tn<>st>O'0wtt"'t\r-p:l.'~ss"l,li_r~. (F&.g, 1 b)~

5 Usm:g.:a Mnna] ''l;i!llW b()ld~ ~ress.'dl}'W~ im'O the .~,tdtl!i: ':ill,. e;WJY p.at~ Q;fth~ bQW~ f~diog:.1]1.me diifm:l'.lt ~~g"6iiis of 'fu.uttfb ,eOU:fir~f'~pn:"':Stl~.

Ike t.humb ill nil s@cond f.ilngeir'

·~a'IMlAtottt~he·-~!I,·~tiJ:\\i b~w within mil! hand', ,~g@' 72_

Th¢.$un1Jil'MG: ~o~d:t1rllg~r Sil)~ flrue,'.'O~rJ~ (If ,th.-c bow· [E:)JJktTit~ . .s,t;'OQ_ooJ\!lger n~~s. t"e ,&tt'il!ery ~Updy [~~"thl,1: hdJl:Gf ,m~'~)\@!Jp (:i$ ~e;n :fr:om. (he p~~:r$ v~~ml;;rF1S, ,2\).

A hO.whi.'l14~m. me Il!W:imb ;bt!~i1'8~;ij ~h~ ~i¢f).ijjifu~il r}i~''ldJffi!Qr!,t~n,':c;ws'~ 'ra\sj~Ciin. jhe bO~~ {lftht\ Itrnnb. (W~tfl~lllE;m~ bmv .. h(D~4Ihfl} 'h"!Il!d j~ b.(i'~\1"."b.Qfd :p()~);iQn, Mq-v-e $e t!\m:ll:b ';il':~Y slowly t~~~.s lb:~];Q~ttb. fins~~ .. 1!hi~ ·'I()~[: rh@ mUH'l.O ge.~s wll1'e r-Ql,JdhflTl~e~ the:~l:dlI1:l tb~ mU:llde. b~rom",$ "i:r:I di~ bast,! of ili(;! tn!l!l;mil,)

lCihc 1h~1:);. :sh~M tUQ't: be: pli!"~\ ,bci:i~j~ lhe Ji'rs( a,t1d 'iGiJU11'UJ' 1#:~' oCcJ$Il£&" dl.Q~ gjves' ran, :llri!:f91anc<ed "dit;O:'iblliclo~ cor. ~ne ~tS).~~m· ~[e:e: Ilng.¢;r,s, ~* s'~cle of tl;l~ t.hYlJ:nb· aill;damJ~ t.'I1e:~:~~i1lrsfde,Ari$nh.e:r ~~sqJ;f WS ·.m.aitthie· f~t~i~ r~g-er~lt)1illid be tnt} Z1cc;u::lh.c:tllit~ib~ ~a;ti{>i:n!il~ it l'¢ h.a~ 'to' ~(Qik tw ']lltro, MY dowl:l'''''Iaf"(Ji'.p~ure f~p:m,[bll:firnt f~~:('lfua!> ili gr'eat;-er ~(liOl m~ :futthe'l' a"l.l:ny,fuuu :th.~ 'lhuri:ibill. is~ .

...

f

TlJS\\:',[t BOi"m;JJ~ bow l~clid tilrog~ho-.;u:t'lU.s·ItKe'r,il.>e;,>.M{lllet'm~ dp.~efT:h(l bow up :lind down Ilsh1~;.YMy !t1l,1l fiQ~ea'~:. rlimlhe .har'J;l.cil. 1h~p' isO:hu.~ tb .. e fins~1: mO'i.'!i:m"¢tlts.o'tJlita[ the'm.ll:diirs¢~i!i :roem.ain$ still ... hold the l;~ht ha:ilJld wiIm, the loe'ft h<'ln)(:t:PI;~ce~be thumlD dI~:tl'l.e b!ilJCi;~otr; wa.Jw::md.lInd! :nne 'fi~( If~ lin W!.'l: palm rnfdm:"1lli;llhd,

ta~ld ¢I~ ~ifw )]1 tA_c Ufpp;!,!f h:rl(··{Fig., )3).. Fee:] Ilhe. irs,!-' rwge!' Slllippl)iitin:g all thewe,gb~·:rt 'dJ~ '!MM. 2!i?'t!!S':rn dU\\l,I[\ wi,m:' th~ fimti.ug,e~, m~1i...n)g the @~I pf mi'J!bCi,w .~~lp CF~. ~b).. N:o<tict::~he f'wnh tillger CUrvii1'llg :fj'[ \th~ Sil11me 'I:~m!i:, K&1' the' ~~rm MiU @~ use gm~' d:_~ bI)!g.eroo, mQ~, me~.

::3 RelC'Sise ~he"t1irst iil'l~elr PI~S!l1:liro; .I,t:t~i.ngth~ h~lof f;tie 'b;p~ .:nmv-e dmY1ii. Fil}elme bqw moving: :a:r-ound 'rblil: ![]lumh ant! '!;~roIidfil1~r.~ like tb~' eentte Jof-:~ ~ee[!)aw.i Rcpeait~h..e m~lft'~Gnt!!e:veni!1. tim.t:li,,;m i1 1I:1t)Ji:tj:n,WMlS m(1tk'n"

-4 Rcp.car: wirb th.c hand, lin. l11e. WatUe "0.[ thebow~· whe"*' Ie-SIS 'we!g[:It is pl(l,8)l'h~.g inw th~":I1f~; n-iig~r:; .1Iit tl!el\l'OIi:l]:~-of-ib,aJanq:> w:hcl:l'tlm~· DOW firel~. ":(':wrtl* baiIDl.cOO; 3l'~d;£n the: llorin3:1 l'l()V!,f~h(!k1ipQ;jtio~ wber~ rbe: TOU[m fm,g:er. s~Wons a:lru t-h~ weighi[;,

rhumblhixJi!biillity

fl'l"'~~b~J!,~ .I;!t1mlls~.ious ~m~eln()'nt;": ,'Olf' ili~ thu;roo 'a:se,:an ,(;j's§e;ndal .part, o'f" ainioS;1! all bow.:s~e~. A ~l:wd

mcl:lttlb€~n i1i~iidjy' ~e~ ,lillie' ~n;rh:e' bqw !linn. ' . , , ,

If'l<liYiT!$g ]j.gM1r' 1I~," lJl~~og~riIDQ~. JI~!mlY' \yh,O\le '~o:ws',ml ~ne' Hore, K"err the b~(lA: md Rngen. ]o.6se 'a;'I"J,'Cli!it;Jllll:ierj,

:2 Bend and .3ttaigbit:lim. fll~lili:umb roo or' mp~ rimes duri:ng each bow, (Figs. -tl'~nd 41:». -;rJJ,e fil;'t_ge~, ~N!.'lililid G1!1r .... e-and ~trn:i~~tI;.'n/attbe ~i!lm~ tim~,

:3: Rc'~'~ w:h:i]e, p!.wtn:g bo;;~~enthehr4'ig;e, and, ti.tetl~¢rlJ()ja~d}Wb~rt t:faJ1S bOW' m.'iH be h~j(i.ie!and dJe.~e.r-,~E1 ,t1L~, stii~, 'It\.eqtiliJ,~ 'nn~,e:r'$" an.dml1tnlE1~il;il!li:~diln.;;l· f~,.

'4,Pit'lidJy, m:ik.e the rrI:bVernt~'llt wMlep[ilIying ~:ry'l1'e~",Oyn¢al!:th'e :~r.idlli:, Tile ,~umb'::.m.d~iIlgt:,u:::Sl:!.lJmld ~Jinilikli rr'~ ,,eV.t;:I'1, th~lt!gh :a 1011: Qf \!."e'ightirl,pw'inYs, l~1 .~Q"i'pt'o mGOOw. J:~p m~ li:Jifu:f\bO'uI~d~:t rub~~.

~pea1 ~tJj ea:cn std!'l'I§" P]~l' dOl!1b!J!'l s;t;pps: :is '\!;leU as.tirng,lfe nates.

Pbyiog ,il:t ~::t:I!i~-JO\cve.r h~],r, ,the fo'l!,I:Jthfi~§er .si~ ..oJ1 the bow a;s'0J1 a S~~W., oOfltrQ!_]i:ogthe- pressure iO,f th~ bow in. rhe string, ~n m.e upper halftb~ f{!l:l~rrh :t1n~er b::!I;:lI:[lces ;rllei t"lJ:st fiilget'dueve:tnling tih~ 't0ne :from D.etomlng, roo 'p:ttsrse.d. I 13~la[l~~i:'Ig tile: mow w,U:rn. d.tr~· r{ltlIth{i~,~: ~s·f'lj!ii.Q1 ,91 m!l~~pa;rtt: or~11 Ui:ftG(fbaw:ifl(~.

Exefdse 1

&;UI1i!; tlli,e bow .sllilghtly fflQr~ ~owtlrtk th.e·Uef1: 1lLo'Llild~r~~s i~does dilildng'IlO'.!iooalp]ayililg~ Kup tilt tblI~l.1lLb ~U:_l~d"aJnd ~eb'_lred.

Th,;: i;15;~1 pu~i~iriil:i f~:rmt fOu:i:'rhfin~~( 1;s. Q,~, We MP~~ iruid~ • of llitl1iQw~ bru.r '!!I1mis ~~$.t:pblc.c ~idu'ffiet1ly[ln ~'oftfu~ hDW. K~p :rhe. f4:~:!ll1Jr"r,h tlnget,ltil:.liJ;wd a ll me ti.e.

1~:m fJiI.': [l:ilnd ded;.-wiSle::s~ d'ta~ ime !:JOWp9llusm. the'fiIllh:~,and. ,~he habt I:S ~bolle '[h('; :!id~ (Fig. 5il). 2 M'a,~~.a f$st., ilI:~tiGI!l~.kovi~ ,Il1ovement so ~h:ilJtm,e ~o:w ~s .sfl;ldq:Etn~y ~fn:edlw, ir&, notm<ll. :po~if~~Qo.

M~k..e the ID('I!,I\em.€'i:I.1: ,0: Il]ldc.k!r. ·ru:a1t dwte is a '$'wiishJ.ri,.t M~S~ ~~s: the Sij;rr~hes r-brough 'mel hair.

F~~I,:;j,n: ·th.i!w.e:jgb~ (yfthe b'~w :g;oingmtttl'm~ .1~llI::1\: ,fin&~r (F:ig~ SO), ~~l.3:K~lthie 'dI.IlE11!o.

I ~@ ~~~ ~l' '~~ Ih~ fQurlh f;i1ge; s~1i(l ~t~.k;erIorf1~~;r, Ihe 1l1J'Pl!r'I'IiIU" (f'<l:\Iil7ltl' rli~ 1IlI:tI'i,,~ 0IImI. o(teoo ~.'!ruiOtmeJ{Tlie j)Qim't 1),1,,11'1 ,~:w .. ~ bt;.,;.. ~ I~ ~lwt ·dQll~!~t ~""'~Wr!h'fl~r.~ ",1:I~e~t{)'(ilIl~ '~1'It to~ttl>l' ftr!N.[' uti ~J ~w,i);1o ~ ,~~.M r~JI1I n«'<'i~~ tl'Ie.~ ~~'PIi!W!l~ \ffl~h .~ i'lf'}I;fmg.~

6mv har.,d

• Th~-p,oir.I~~l.lnr'l! I~ b~, !tot" Iild:jle ~f Uw. 'oo.~ ~u~ !I;li! hE!'E!1 Mcl:Il'l'ih~ ~ i!;, t1&,.W(l1 1hl11'1 ~h~ palnl i!'fld, MIln'l"~IC~,jII'=' Q!',~Iwu' tK:!I!;frgnl' fli!W(ul51:!y I?-nl;lril;il'd irild ooll1!illii1<lb!e ,hI!'u!,

/"'Qu:, semi1iWty ifr.ul'!'$n~ i~ prr)~I>:;1'I !I) !he ttotal, ,;I{IlOIlnt 0 ~[ilmi.!l~I~, If 'LI'Ii:!'Jt', !to !'.\Ii) ,e<lnr:~ I~' ifj, ~'j'QDl'II\. ~.t' eajily ~etiW ~h{" dij'f~ er.rc:e m bfigbi~ w1'!rn a 1li:JIrd can~ I~ tt. ~ut il '!n.m iIi'~ ftJ{)' ~~ 'OO;r,mng, we tre· ~ittk~ ,00 n9ttCe 1,b~ dlifjefl:~ rn~d"e by lj, lif~jl'll. rho Ii!Ilrtl~r ,~

'I:lfli!~~ i;Ifl a vldm '~~. '11\Ii!.~'ffl!e;5ili "'1. rIMe: I~f'~ ~'l. th~ ~W!! 1i\i!iJ4'.rI1il' mor.e

~~ ~I"i'h~!f'tb~ rMw5&i!, 3f{>. tli~ fI'I(rff 'Q'ifl,M!~~ W¥ ~"<ll'l ~:~~-epMn 'Ni)', ~,m; flee'lIIiJr -1m.,r~W't'l mUfe. .mo:\IArfq~~~ ~gooi. 5J'

lEbte['t:i~e 2

P,'Qin1[ me' bow"sli~hd,~. m~l'e row1.n::ds tbe']~f~'~Clilid~l'~.~:l;s:it: d~~s Lluring n(ll."m'3~ p':laying3<~~p me mt'lmb cltlr\·i..'d ,and:f;et~,

1 Hold !:he; bow wi,[h 'QnJy th,i';: I'humb and f(lu:i'rh fitll"f;c:I;,. rus. below me point-Qf-b .. lac.nce 1 (Fig. 6a). P]ace. :the rBur:[b :fi~ger dirrectly 0:11 m1" ohbe ,~t:td.

2. Mov:~ the PO-lfli: (if me, b\}'W D:P;. by p,ush'ing duw!D:I W~ti:1, ltlle- UnJ;efj,1'l(~ (ftg. -l)b), an.g the:-n 'let: ~h~ pQ:l;n,r down aga.iin,"to [h,e statting point {Fig~ 6j). Keep the fQr:eiirooo ,still and use on1'30' to1'lie fulg.eruo ,mo~ the bow.R..epeat thn. a few times, in acenrinucus motion.

), Ptace~ the hilnd 11 :(If.::W centimetres closer to. the frog !lflid repeer, Co~rn--nue,· graduall¥ getting clQ{;~ to mlCi:, t\':Qg,~ unt'U ~he 'b"ind. ill m it!> U$11i1:1 ,pos1:r~of:'i.

Hol;di;ng 'the bu,. wii'thout gripping

. -

1licfingers must alv..oays be (llivc .Qg~hfi bp.w. Tiny ,adj,tloS~ents '10 'l:Qe' 'pOW' hold ha:ve '£9; be made aU [b~ ti_me:.; because m*,.c(j,ndiitrioru ofp]a'J~ing_ are alwayschaog1ng" F~oltJ, n'ore eo note, me btain srnds, millions of su'boopsctQ'I:!S m'lss:n_ges, tQ ,tIE fingers 00 dhange rh'elr oontac~ w:lth the bow.1:h~sc oh,en inv.i~iib~e challg~!!i:an ia1lltl:nc:d1te reactilon'S to m1iJsi!l>~J f~l.if,lJg and t..,m~ ebr:ll.~iin.s: oon:~ac~ Qf'th;e 'b'0W' wioth ilie suing. nth~,[' titan being 'som@th.~g 'th~u C1.tD be t:a;ught or' l.caroL-TIm 'bow hasto be held withGlUE undue ,ren:sio1'l:so'mat ,me pom~ne.0us acijus.1J.menu: c:'In occur wid:'io1!llt resHkdQIl.:l

Y()U abo :h-a\o'e te be abl,e TiO mak.(: larg,er, deUb~~'~c .:I!,ltel'!u:ienll 'to d11;! ~Q\" I:!ilul'd; ro" :i'ljlsranoe) when pJ~ng ,W one memem aDd mair:t#J da'e Il¢..lI.t,

~c1se ]

The. f5n~~rs .hald tb~oow fb;m~yin strong. ftH:cc,ftd p:!aying, ,eve'r'\ ~ue.e"Liog l[ ,at um~s (for ,[:I}S:timCCll, :pi~y.irng;-a ~srroket'l1a:l. begins ,wirth a. sh<l~p',bhe), :Ot:her strokesrequi~ more of a bOw imltUl'C;c than l\b'pw Juild crr, bow grip.

There is no'th:in~~ wron;g,w~~h 'a, stJ:1ongoow h,QI,d wbe'lOr n~ded,i)S ]@ng';p..s !:1 is ali. ... ~.y$ foiH:rnvedby ICc1:eaJst when no lo.fi!_Cl'needoo .. ,To aVQtd. ~eRsi()[l~ me no,rm $bQwd be a how !Ji,llanot; w:im ~ s:tronger gt~1il wifen ,reql:lU'eQ. radtel': 'thaI'll dW Q,rh6l!' way :round.

1 Till: ~(:l b(W,! over:. as l'Q@ug.n playing on me OttU:!.:r. ,edge,uftfu.~ hair.. Plaoe: me :founh :~r 'olltbJe'~p.et~

i11.~'id_ e4JP! o$'~ hmlr.l'ike the 1i~'Cond:ioo third, fin:gtr.soff me bow (Fig:.7a). '

N{1ti.C~ dite. wei~l. o:frbe bd,.,l restin.g'oome plld of th'e ,firsT( fll'lgerandbala:nced by me fo,urm fi'Dge;T and tlnunib. i\ll tlu~e suppo.t~ me bow - if Q'IlY were, 'lken. off,. me bow would faJt 10: rutS pusi.:rioJ.4 'me b?W is, balan'ted i-n, 'me lIma. alld Idtll$h9t. need to b(;:~ne.[:d',

2, .fut ti.he seeend r;J!1J~ro['i the fw'S, s1lith:~;y raere leo tl:'.te left {'.if fb~thuJ'l;llb than ll!lHll:iJ", Ta,k€: 'me, fir~E finger .Q'n~.

N~ow the b~w Is -b.aI&J]~.d by 1lh.t second ;and fou.thfingers.,. .iJ;'nd, by the 'lhw:nb (fig. 7b). F!:d thoe wfoli,gh[ o:f rhe bow 'l"csting ~inst IL1Iif: ~ecO'nd :tin:~t\lr.

3:, PUt; 'the ntst:~:nCl 'd:tird .OOgefsbMk: on ,mcllow ,aill:d OOldl h ,flOI[lfianli' .with <Iii! th~fillEer:s. f.7tlld. m(l: '$;in'l,tl' (~~.i:n.g :of w.eiglu: -and ba@ruie in each flnge:rj\;i.it}lQ~l grliPpi~ tbill" bow with. the fi.Ogen,

&_ellcis~ :;i:

i10W~\l~,f.' 'fil:roltyt'lW'. :ffiJPg~~-s, nQ'id di'e 'bQw"thcey ·sh~u.l4 'be Qi1)le 'tt;!' it;I;o~ ft;.;;lil1l.iy itlilldU:e:l'liib]y .. IIlrd:ds (l;;.::~rci'Se ~p. me hanQ! qjuf~· S1l;iIDi) w.id'). ;Q:r.I!, l~.e·fiFll~r::s. ·mo""~ng. 'F~I t~i'! Hils ~ifdtet1I;~1: :sndtbirii· Q~[,~~ . ~e: ~[il,'t: tifi:ott'ilr~st [lil:c n.ail~f th.e ~cQnd fir'(g.e[!':,.3nd. d1~ ttPJ 91 l":hethumb 8100 fQ:m~l ~r:lngVl~ 0:[1 []be Of)\\'; HQ\\~~~t' f'i.mdy dleyho.ld t<heb\)\l;ruer fingers qa:l'!,movt ~Iy~ <il\d! ilndclP~llden:fiy Qtth~ h"I\ld,~

u-n" 1o. ... 1-~ I' - , ..... 'RI t.HI: an_e

1 BoWl d!:c bow poiQ':t:ing up v'CfticaI1Y.

'2 .¥tJ'I,l,(l.t~ tip p;f '~.(:l ibow ~n ciocl~~ U$1.1'l;fl !mljf 1.f1,~ftnlf#"s {f~:g." 13). 'Hol~ ~be.W~f Wzy firmi:!', ~!ld :mawr :th~ mg~n:3S t~:I:'illS, :IW~~i~j~. It: mar pc' be'tpf'ti~ m ho1;d i~e:r::igl;i!f h.a~d\\i'iJhdle!eft"to :rniab Sllr¢ :tb..:il :o.~lyth~n.tJ(ge!!."~:-:~'fl;Q\I'e.

3) Do. dt:e Sa;I'rI£: 'Wlitb the b9Win pl]aynn_:g po'l;fudcM)"

·!iDo· me -S~ITle with.ofhe- bowpocErutrrg: i:Q[he' .[~l~ DOW n:ai. li!Oove

d'l.~-:!>l~Ck. .

E~~j'$~'~·

.. .P.la'il~fMs[Q~~ ·'WhoJebQ\'v~,:tf.

.Bffi!.~ u~ '.and d~ ~oillirjrnMD:l;il~.mQ'I!'e d1;~ 'h~d -up to tone mi.ddle of lite boW ~!'id P!!.1Z'k> .fl.g~iin rop].e hecl~ l,l:};lng oD:ly: me fmg-~~~8""it1;> ·cr~wl1:liPJmd dQv,..n m~ $Idclt,

[t w.i'[l :Ob'E b"'~!l±'bh1:' tQ (;G1!1ltri~ue ~n:iwtilng llJiP 'thebQ'W b~~oJ!Ld .a ge:na~1"l :poitl:~ nesrme miidd!l;l!:) ~¥Ll mtl~ u, as far· as poss±brut;:, $:lil\~ jpl~ 'm.e: 'llp-b~, 'I!JO me h:e!:!l iI,l:W~~.h.en }fQl!lf h,'iul'df 'is n:e-ar '1ihe

'lIV!Jiidtdl¢-Qf m~ boW, T~e :mo-s't.·diffiC'li!:l:~ pgn is; c:r-a'WlLlng bad·r;,dow-n me ~, $mto 'm.e fro~,.

".J\j;·!:he ·h.ee~' 'fb.e·~t fmgu ~O.nl'3eIS m~ b~w c<Lo.s(;!t r~··-m~ n:aU Jolint ,(Ftg:,. '5!a)~ w~@ m.a~e~i' th~ nm'l;[ .~t1y :m.o~ ""u[!i,Cai~ ~Iil :ib/!!: bm.-'Ii':. Th~ f~mtiJ:J, f!Erge:1L" bala![I~f:i!:he "\~ighjt "of dle 'b()W.

- . .

Ait rn.epo:ini{j .If_t,~ ·:tllitst iflingerC~n!li1!l;ts the' bow' cwose-r to the· midklle joil'li[ ~Fi'J '9o)~ whirih D;lakestbe l;IiUllid ~n&htl:y .cl1!t~d~ i;e:.~ :turned ,away' 'fra:nt the :rfiUl:'tilii/fm~f~w8lma·.~ o(ttst fI'[Ig~.,

. -_" ~

n.t 6nt: .fill~ ,~ftfl'mro j6OO[0 ;p~tf'Oim:

'1i 'The ~n 'of tille fW'S[ in,e:t'~1) {'Op ·of: du. ~t~d:. inli&~i.5 W:~~l ~1'j,t:'O :tlw .sq;jng..1 E~.p:l; w,heh 1lila!lmfg'.f

j;i: ICltlooe:sdu,l~JtickJ,tpily~ a'nd iCIl'!)lt.e ffiQW';e![' haU' ~n~I'riWae$ OO'Jn.esa hair.~$ b:readm3~yfrom .r!ll~ illi:Ck.

:~ The,:p3t~ 'of" t:1;IiC flist 'fl~ QIi.me' ~)idie ·of t:~'~ :$~~* :b:e]ps ~(f ~~-ep .~ oO'w :jOtr~i~ll!:,

~tau~ 'th.~CMoo.Cl po:hlt oil'Jitne-s::ie!e o!me::snc~ dlOies'no~: ~h~, It.fedf! .as, thQ~gi·the :llrst flin:.gJlr1ll;a:ys IDJed.m.Me:·pool.ti.~D, ~ evlei1[ho-usb 'me 'call/tact pomt on <1:Q!p fjf ~~ -sticl( cll'ang.es bei:'!Ween~e heel {nea-l'ef Ih~· nail jO':L]'J!t) .<lIDd ,the: p@mt uie''OI['el;&~ rn;iQ,gFe h).int).

~. f:ow:-d:t il'lge-r sl\t'@.u:ldstay.Qm the: &ti[lCk.liQ.~heu;pp~ halt!lillde&'.i' th.e nilnrj. jS[OOi'sm • .d~!.'~ee:p.mg tlJ:1i:'!:wa,nd b~~d 9[JJihe bow~Rdbe].p:ing 10 avoidt"Oo ]Un",h ·t3I~t~li~:r p.tei!ist~,

The:G!IJiMli,ge ifi!Ql1!imorc. v:ll:_rd~aJ .aJ;. d~.!l· l'ie.'Il'I. (l'fg,9'a) (Q'm.O:I:I'e tiW:dm: mc·pl..'lin'E l(_F(g .. Qb.) m,!sl: hapP¢fi ,smo~~ o,;:'t1::!'e bo-w 'Wil~ $b.:a_ke,s(in"ewnere~r6I.!r1idthJe :m~drlleo:r-a. Whole; .down.,bOw ~srnokw.

I 'J'he; ~&,-:xI1j flt!1j1lt 1!l.1-CI 1!ye~15'.....e:i~'\\ 1!I'i.ro U'II!' '~itirlg~ ltl,dMh(s f1: !fmC ~ iPQ~f!I®I !.lili~~~ 1.G~\e-f;:ij,f"I!(itf~ ~~I!1.ifE'~bWl'li!ilt. tS"8I! fi.g, z, p~~.l .s~,'It@w~i']J. 'tlel'oliefn ~~·IlI!it-.3fHI1

. s-I1t«.d (~r_§;. I;!r:c;(jJ;lre'!.' a~Pf~~,'~ NJI,il'il;le:ftQJi:~ th;inir'f!llJ u:oe':~I.1' tbe':~iJ}1Iil)geJt

mile fifs,t 'f~nger '~O'JlIit1lditlig tiIm:e,llow betw@@iIiII the In:a~[i ,~oi~,1: allld ~irI:e, mh:l.dI.e]oil1ilt\

:P1{t1' ':>i~.~ve~. ,.tI~ yihoL~ 'boo/S :tlearr {:h-e!:l.ti~I~L

1 S~t(pla.~~ng"~ait~!il·ll'l;'l~! w~~hotltili~ u(S![ ·fi;l)'s~r (F1g, flj,'FI)" Miera 'few' 'cefJ!tim:~tre~ 'P!J~ we "fif~~ (uiger' 4:bvirn in iisU,suj'G pL~ce (l.n~,n~·st~k-.

Cooti:num,..g dowm.-lbQ1ilv). take ·~ff th~tQ'l!itrh 8~) ~boo fmg:u' and :lie'CGrld. f.!.tlge'& inm.@t ·0ldeJ.' J\'uj'Ve at dL-c p~lm Mthm:ily the fast f~ge[ ,~nd lhl!l!lnl\l{llut:i1:e bt!W <F~, HJb}:

l Upmbocw:sbl"l: li.rith '{!il!.[Y 'th'l'! th1!llI!rl:OM1Ld! "fu.tl i'.in:,S'(..'X:j. pil11:mi~·$e.::~d~ dlii"d:'~ .f~u;rm ba,dk (bt.l me l;l()w in; th,arromer; ·.akA,: off '[he r~l flll,g:e,r~ afl,d Jlrriw :~t mtl"twe[ with all the 'i!ilgGPl .on.,tlie 'bow .c.l!\'ic~pl£lb£

ilt'Sl.· ·Be· !l;:alle~~1 ~,o plll~ th~j];ng(\rSb3.~k ;jndtcit OO,l'rccr ah:a:pe '[lind, pos:ltion. -

3riQ exa!C~l~ me· s.am.¢~ down .Q!l'lid IlPJ b!'!.u: wi;(lloUJ; ,Wti!l~~ (he ~~C(l~d.· ;f!!i'l:g~r,

4, The_:same;:v linn: '~i0t!i,}.t lin; th.e·tmrofil;tg~r·.e:lthe!r'.

5' Suu:t--aJf.ld f~tish -wlth,o:U1F 't:h~ fltl''$t fiitl~t' as,h&fO:(i!~ but ~;e:~te ,ilIlil the othe( 1i~"'t.s. '~D tae. 'bow iin me:11:

U$li.:aJ [l:iLacc.

6 W~t),Ol[[ lifting IiilI:lY ,fihgerj, ·~ac'h·l'JHm1il~l]iq s.o]~dlcli' OF.lM~ .b()w, play I whole bows 'l'iri$ ;a ~~lid ~nd ~\t~m:til:tl, Fed 'm,C:';same ChalO~les:~ia weight disitrb .. ldo.n a.syQ1.!: p;]:Jy i~m_h.~El~~:Q'po:inl:.andback llsa~~".

Fig •. 10

Ilhegive ,gl th,e ba.nd iiot:o, fhe bow

This e~e[\em ,·e~a~e.rail:es ~o~r,i~lg t!)oo~~:ijsiQtWe ~"e#~~.

• :f.0r !the pu:rpo"!1;~}.t'me ·t»;e:rcl$~'; d.ut'i:lJig ·the f~old 'lh~ ho.w:'fi:r:rtily and lower m,e .kni,u}ckies ~f'ig •. l, 1 a), A~the ~a'Me ~c!J:t:'lR 'llie 'th~1hi and. r{l!~J:m ftEig~r'.

.. 'Dul'i~~·1:I.w p" .rdea£~d:le :lJln~ {W; the/bOw andtai$~ ·rb,c.·lrnucldcs, (Fij}, It 6j" At m.e sa-ll1,e' '~~~ne Le.t, the :dt.limb and f'iJ:u.nil DogC!!': t'tr.3,i~b:r.e.n, s:J~~t'1'Y +,

" ~Jf~ym~ Sitro,ke~ wtd:n,l\n eYe;r.! b~\!i!' ~~cM,atl.d 'pre:;;8IiJre, cn1Ul.ecting them '1i9 ~!~h~mCl:' se3m:1~£!lly. f:J!a(Y ,HtMtl.f'~rI~'·$l.d'i:t'Qpj l-vimDtl:t ,tUl'Y ctl11jioiltta't!'W dim,iJ(~u~.

'.' p.~~ ~u.aue;r-lc.~.ilii[[{\lw,s latthe heel. mi.did~e- :@;oo PO'H:l,t •. Repea;t 1l!$~rig: 1J;a]f b~.)~ :in meJ~1th9]f~ .m]~dle~ l;l;ri:d~~p-ar half ..

Bow h.until
QJ J J ~oc.
J J =c J II!
3 J-
r p .I ,p-
r p f Jl
~ etc.
cl J: 10 F J J II
J
f p f
P' I ,P' f p :~1!lJy '~6·oGi;~ s;cail~s in one ri~itiO!lll, i1q'a:u the s'trilngs) :majO'f or ~inor,:> in 'm,e:'f:ono<;"ing"key~:

1, It.. (nit pO!li£i.on~ :2 E (5~ p-osh1Qn) 3: A. CS,thpositiiin)

Verttcal: ,and horizonlali fiing,elf -rRo,vem;e:rd, ~!j.se' ~, = VertIca •

.. Ho~d. m(;lb,o,\j;1 rntb oe.ntrimet~:ab~(i, me s~i~g:a!t: the' Ilut~'witb '~"'[iJgg'era~:b' louflided t1fi:gc:rs,.,nulillow k.-":Iudd~:\; (Fig. 12~)-,

'.' Place tile Qow'Qh:~e stri~ by ~:tri'i~t:~nin"the nngers- (F,iS~ J2b); _nd then ]ift.o'ff'b~(k to the $ta;rC.mg: p~i!l1 by' 'C'u__rv:~~g mr? ~'in~cr$' ~'i",

,. ~p die arm Olnd handstii~ us;li.'ilg on1!y [he fingers to' Iow~r Ciir r~i·~e the bow. Repea[ the mo~me:nt up' amlfdOlo'l.'n several 'time-so';

Ma!ke siJire' .than: 1iliem.lunb" moees ~Iy with the fin,gets; w:h:(,lt! tlliite fi[!!ge<rs s:u:'a~tm Irhe tlunnb :51tnigbl'e'JU~ and when tbe fing~1[& 'CU!'1fe ~e Ilhumb eurves,

:!'he fiitgers ~!lJNed re".dy' 'to place tI~Je boW ';~U1 'd:le 51ri,I1I,9

Fig.ll

~:t\c~s~ ~ - lHI~r;j:zQllta,1

ne~! is cila!~r :no~u;-cbtll:h1Jg as ill ~.~i1loo.ml:' fi~~mGiwm:~rn[..n)le flngj;':l'li. a;t~ I:1~E~ya,bte '~Q m~1!Je stQ:~ways) b'll1:l. wh:'~n dt~ ::tr~p,hi6:id 101'1. 'Ib,!::; b~!H~llh;ai~ '~he~! lea~ ip!WlIrd~ the f:!x~:1; :~;~ger, ramer l"~an ~.~~i'C'~]~~ -straiightl1lrifng. jrii~, .CQriiD'g the fingers 'mq;V#it~e ~b~whQ:rl';l"(;)iilral!l:y a:1.ofi.~ilie·'srHni! .

., :Play,. 11]0'[ < ul;;il'l;~ ooly nbc .fin¥e:rs· t'Q.~m.OIli':~t.b6· bpw; Keep: me <1irnnl~d ~"l'~H,d as ;sui] as pl).ssib~e ... .C~I]'vet'tH!' :fil:'J:gl."LS to Ii1OVCtiil€: hOI..., I"l;p~ S:ITa~gh[.;rn 00 move dO:w:i:l.:fii®~. '~3!l. and. 13'(; sbO"w.lh~fI~

cU'ltVed~ 'Fea4y'w '!Srtta:igluien fer.·,a dow,u.:bmll& l;;'ig8. lSi:! ·rlnd· 1 '3d ;s,how the ans~~· s~H!i;gl;5~-er> l'e~gy '1:0 curve 'tar :nn~p.boW.

'. Use a I,mjr:ror' eo: $.~~ dl~U _tht¢l;!.ow '~ita:~ PQ~I~'cJtp tho !::Iil'idg@", .'f'l'a.ry a!l:tM .b.~L :middj:e:'''a~d, :ptimt.

41: g J J J I J :J. J I ¥r r ~ r 'I
1,.1, .'
J
;tr r r r I F' r r r 1-;· ,J W J ~,:II
,~ .qp J 01·~ fO tBiJU 3 • j it h::F r F E .~~

, . , .

IM.fdii:g .!!i~re, onEy the fing~B.mDVe

P.I~~· 3 few G!p~ s:uin.g:s Olnh~ be~l, hol~ing vhe .r,~:l:u .. M1.Id w~th OJle.lefi. hand (iF~g-. r~e), r.la~~~th~ thumb' :rn tile palm ·of 1me ·Il;i.\nd~ 3tid me' fat'S!:' ·fmg'~i\ Ol;) the b~t, Gf the ~llj(L This b,dps: '[0' ;is61laoo '!he :tmg~r mO"ilent.ent sri th~t tbe·lt!~uld ·its,clf remains: st:iU.

~l't::,ble' 3l -Vertiic:al alnd~ 'treQlii z-'On:tall OO'!'I1 bitted!

Mak~ smail] c:ird~ by ·combLning rheflilOOus mov~rl'um~ of the finge.n with:) .~-:lll amO'!ltlt of citcu;lM hOOJid' II1o\'Ctnem.

1J~'at tluieli [mgl@,r·!:l'l.ovement as p!li,;s:i,bl~} (ii'S li~tlt! h~nd ·Rl:()'V'-ernen.1i: .as p.os~:ib1e~ "an"(f n.~ ;~l:rm m:OV'eme'.I1~. .Ma_~ ill sound by E(l'IilC~ins: Ithe $t:fl:ng at the :bottDm 'Of the eurve (Fj'g~ H),

11 St3rtb~l hoJding the bQW with curved fin3t::n, :1iWQ cet1,tL:I'Il<eU"e:1>Ol'SO aho~' the stcing, The 'ba~koE rhe b~nd eandl the flingers: s'hol;l.ld be iRaS>tr~!Sht ~iF.le.

:2 LOwer me bow i!:o:!lb.e sning.:in 3 ci:rC"il~at'1))0vemea1!l strSlJgbrenmg ithe finglill."S ·sljgbtlY+·'P~SlY'tbe note, and lift Ciff·blld;:· :m m~ s'tar:rring po~nt by .cu:m~ ehe firi.{,t¢.tS.

3 'Do tb;l!! c,loGkwiSei ,~M ·anticlock\l,~ise, in a t-op:tinn.ou$ motiO'n,~t me he:elli;, lXI.ladJe and p.Qint,.

Changi:ng bow

A .ijale give; of the fingers help's Ell,!,; chang~ 1Qf'.bQ\N' to be smoodi:. This. ·eX'eJ)ds@ '~,Ka:ggerares ·rh.eg~v'lil by maWa.~ h· a.1fi!ili,e)· c(-lti!$cio!']smo'vemetli chbe fin,gerS.1

P~:ay $hQr'l (Q.neeiglitb ota. bow); sm.ooth;.siI]Jst3!l.ned t)trokes at 'm.e he¢], middle and .poim.

" Just flIl die end o,fe!ldr :dQWn~bow~ wliUe 'Ihe: boW is stiU m(j)Ving~ 'SMooth.IY r IDais,bwp iihe: fin,gel's.'3ndi (h.um;O, At thessme llil1:u:leE th.lt .. band .[UQ¥e s1:i:ghliy in 'di~ S3.fih~: dJro0c~lo;o as 'the .fing~r$ (I.e ..• down, .producin¥ mote of IIIl 4:PWiilro curve a.t d)e WliSI).

• ]Urs:t, st the: end of each ~p~bow' wb:i]~ U1C:l bow i$J $.lillll m~.b:ng) ,!ll(moG-th~y CUI:~~ Lh.:eft~g,e~s .and. ,mwnb (fI'M iower dw: :k;ny~ro.es)., Move 'me b:and 1liligb:t1y w:tm lll:i.,~ fillger'S (i .e·,~· IJP,Dro:diiJcin.~ le5S of 2 .. curve at. 'm.ii! \vri:U).

Fjg;s~. 133 and 1. le' ... how t1!a:e JirJ'b~rs' jU-St b.eJihre. me down ... bow~ 13:0 ,@'Il.d ], M sl1l!:i·1,ioI 1ih~m jil,lS·t befo~'rhe ~lww. ~n re<ll.l~y th.e4l.'e (Ulger and hMiti ;mO'lfr.:ffieuts !!9.n be so sLiS;h:t :as [0 b~ in:vi!ii.b~> slaee the tiihieSl give; is .WO'll!gn. to lnaltle me bow t::.ha:nge$ smooifh,1

Sow hand

I nlertris il diffl!renc·t b~""'Iler> il liNt!' Q .• , ~ rl'.l9t1IS.ao<'<!i al'l ~~~("'~ 1"'19~1 ~t in 11!1l1!1Y, fWp'r r~~'1t>;l-t Ih~ Qow' d~'!I;~I' ~"'o,,-!ci 00 ~F<PL to

03 m!l'imum,'~1'lW a. 'iii{~' of i~e r~ il •. the' i.':Ia"1~ .c,3wses ,~lIe':b:f,w ~d:t<:I lIt;;,rt.m, Si.'I'IOO.'th bow mang~ .~Qme more N~'ly tfO,"'" m w.m-.i!19 ,h .. 00w ~j:>E<e'd.. ~nJil ru lI",h~E>fl'119 11w OOW, IIdS~ i}2~ilf,~ dtangirtgr .:;I'!tealon All ~I~~ f1figer fl'IO\~nl <II' 'M·~ '"0 ~f1.eii ~'~OOo;l '1'';'1111 1hE,CiJJJ ~1 s;;~ ·11!I.p!Qy.ng. i!:(lt ~~~it 111(!'1~f S;,I~ ;Ilat 00' inU'OOt~ ~ f~ 3(1:000 i~l0 M.Il!-.3ftiiri:g: I~!hq.:j 'iJi'l1IjI as " i;tlf}fuT e>le«~ ~ IiIlId 00iI"E!!" «.ended it

'~a, :l;I«om , oI;pJcMI pcint· .:.100\1;' tro.miquei ·th~·f~ ~l' I! m\ltt QAIY 00 I"i~ ·ill ~I do~ 00<::.Me .

~ ~!.a~e 0' 00111 is· W'-.1, J1.....nf il!oo-W hW-drl' cad If!@ch. ~ c.f T~ Pfr;x!I,;Y!fJfJ!i 1, WlJIrn ~i1 I,B •. $.ad~n, l'9~l,l, 14

1 PallOII' ~''i.\!'flH ~. a lMtJer~ I11<l!'e IilsIble ~m~ ~n41.~·il tft!!> 'bfbl~ ~!~::..'I:~ .. ,bil~ ~, a· .mt!'i-1~ ~~ 0' 1f1~ n9hi ban¢ ~ti."9 ntt' ~, ~iTr!1 bfu~!l.. in!jir'igB'S being ltie' P:<JI~ ~ftN' ~ifll bru.~!)" aM thtt! ~nj;ftl-M:h~,' (Cl'1il~A (Qoi~t3k~' ~rD<t5 C'~Mf;<ffll~ DWiIl: Hl£ ~ho!) ill r~~ih~~tm~ "t'oii:,I9001. 76

.RighE Arm. 3nd Hand!

Ilowangle

The fin.ge:rs neilip 10 k~ the boJw' p"Nlrue~ wi~h tbe. b:r:kl:g;e. A 'lZ~Oli:li 'af(l!' ~s ·to try .. ~ (:om<:{.':[ c'EQ,Ql.ed bow s,tt~kr;lg b}! Qh~n:gitl.g what· th_t!ailli.ls· do.ms~ wlien. rh~ i:!u,il.t m:!!.ly ]ie~ ('i1fuli.efjng~, This can r:c~llilh

illi.~wk~aKi8lrffl.mooe.m~nTi$ a:!'!;d len!tj;(J.t!., .

• HQ.ld the hQt.'" .~ m~ ·s1;fiElS·.:a·t .!he, h~et ,M.ol!k'l;'! me r@f!l~m~~lds,m;e b!'~~ (Fig:. l:5a)~md aW;!Ji!f' ;fu;):1ll,!th.e orklge (Hg. l.:5b). usmg .oIl)ly&e,~i'S,.

.TO;i'ti:O~C; me j:)ol!in.'.in ~~r-ds. tM bIrJ~;g;~"puU ·!h~lfir·slt}]nge:rm an.aext~dilief.o:uirtbl1ng.~f. To mlY"I{e the p.O~lli!; IOiUit:a~i14'pu11'lhe l±rtle.fJn.g«in 8l'l:,J, le~ndme flrst i~~.

.. K~ltfIdiL~H\~ld 'Qft'h:~ ~ ab9!>~ the istrin_g;

• KlllilP the 1lirm .~d haJnd ·~lfl[. Pia.C<l ';I coriG: OO]~~. b~~ '~f the b~!ld, me;! ~a~etll,ie lt~mel'litS wime~u: me oomfcaUing o·lii.

Hand movements

Mfi~S the ha:l'lld (110m m~ w:r~t, dm-ing stFin:g: crussillllgs~l.1edll~d1:e ·moveme.!l1i>t'!eeded iO-Y the up:pe~ 8r.1n. afid f:Oi!JB~Ym.. A little' h~nd m~v:emetn. reP]~oe&~ Ibt·of:annIITiovemmr"

~!il{!\~~se, 1 -- aii;!,$ffic'::n1I'Q\i',~rn;E:!1ts

tI@illd ~ t'zyrt:Htm ncardtt miSt Wi;m dl~ ]e:i htll'l:Q:.

1 SrtSit!:. with me fOfear.m '~Ild ·haruit.itI'JI a :ULi!I~~ Iioe; ln~ Jo~v~r'dl!e lIand&Q~n ~he w.rJ~!!b:elfol<w the ]e,,'cl of tl'[~ .fDflH'IFffi. ThIs' !tn131i!1lS il: "':n;igh'~rri~.t (fig. l6Q).>.~!mnmf the ~n:mjgh:t ~me '~l!1J~ and .rep~ ~u: ~ru:l tin'lles IIl.l!!COiiU;inuaU8.lli'!Jti@n.

R~~e.,. di~ hll.nd.abcrvll, dte'. !e·vel Q'J ~Iiilf(ll~~'rm. Th.l8 ereaees ~~low' wrist: (FiS. W:6b). R~l'ij:rn l\fZlm.e( 'Stli1tlg!:l~!mie ~g~lJl~ ;and ~,e;.useVC'f.:3t 1:I:m~$,

KA;:'cptb@- in¢;at:m .P~I\<!Ue:l witb th~ lIQfjE .~~ move ~rny' r~e hand. I

2 Move' tliliebal'ld fttll:iI. Si~d:('l:to;· sfdej, k:eeif,ng 'dre .fo~rm. '~_l1d h~;Il!l pariUd. 10 the· fl(j911:. Swin;g;[hr: i'!oinl[ Ghbe·b~tQwi!lnb .rue sh~uld!er by m(i~:lIIl¥J,'m,e ~nd [~, mel€lf[ l~:.~. J6clj,~nd.1l!:wa:Y 1;lt31n ~y. m.avin,g .il[[:o l1:rti: :dsitr "'ig .. Hid). (N;dlif.iI1YJ' ilil.$m,o~IT:l~nt is :uieJ!,-~ u~ed 'tn a;ctl!:!i;dpiby]~.,.)

.3 Put !tihe! ve<rt&cai~ 'and h.oti<l.6m~:I. mtlV~miefl:rll oogethcr to ma!kc citd~!;'. rCtlw"e ,1ill:e flj~(l.rs-;aJ!:,u1. thy~b ;,'IS th~hai:l.dlltove:s UPJ st!:'.3igh~en as the- b3.ndmQ'IJ~ QQWR,l\1;ovet fIE! b!:mc;it;:mJy, keepffig lh-e.fo.~rWl ./)(lY'iill¥i' ()){[k:. !h~ Il~r~ atia Yt6 ·b'i!Wa~ ~iglu' .ljnglC$? ,w ,!:It foffir1:r:,m.;

ENel~iS;e: J

.la. IWi.'S e:.X(tl:'CiSi~> 1I;l:5l~"'S Htd:e ,~rm mO',veme.nt as- PQilsib.le 'l!O cross frQ.lii\i! '·Clne sttiog Ito ~~!e:~~ l~ex~e:ratOO' dtti: h~~ :~.QW~~1Il1 • .MAmly 'I.I~ .Jhe ha[uJ", lIi!?liiIllf·biJ.m tbe wr.lsil:,·;aud' r~m. rorution (see p.~ l5).

'. Play orilyill the Jllppe.l' h~:I(.

'. In ~_ach bollt, p~i.tio.n. 'lhe elbow in a. midaJe PQ'S;illon :$0 'ltl3;trh~ hand ean teaC!h. both CHlter.· ~t1l':ings -OQro!(tttg~b"

• Use-' bJgber. wti_st to play -aM8h~i' :sit.ln.€!: (Fig. 16a). and a lower

wri'St ·to play a:ilow'e1:'S1;I'rng (F,ig. mob) ... , .

Ah;~' p1illY EJ.re,wise 49in~h.e up~,O-f'liiJIJf; ;IlliS~ O'n~y (hiE! bi;l~d ro. change ~rrm,S'S._

"'"

lil_n;;

JI

.;-0 err Biro (rJ ff] EBB t fi4Q 8S Q@1 t@3i :lli

-e--

tit;;

~I

&e:rcise :3

As, in Exercise n ~ use as li1;t1e upper-arm mowmeru, as po-ssib.le to. ,!;!fOSS (rQm-Qn,e st!:mgt(l ~J:1QmeI:'J' 1~1()o eu,ggeralte the hand Ni;liJ\mmen,li, Us!!!: 3! higbc:r'i,ll,,~j~t to pl~y a lrigher string, (Mg. 16SJ)~and ,\'li Eower w.ris,t [0 pbly ::I h:I'! ... ·I.ll· srr-in:g: [Fig .. I (io), US~ p~el'l:ty of forearm routiom..

1 ,Fill's!: pilary ibm. lIsing t~n ce:n!tlmc't1'es of "bow in the midcU!! .. ,2 Th~11iI :N!PUi: 1JJIS~IDS [en ml;l:dm'~~s ,of bow a:t me ~o:i:l:llt .

.3 Use halr bows in 'me: upper half. Now m!lilily use the al'm"wiilitite same: hsnd mavcm,e.Il!t:ss lbef'Ofe: bur 'so li'rde thaI il: is hardly visibl'e.

\'When playmg ,;fl. 0[' (rolf. tlx!I.mpli;l)'p]ayjrl_;g h,e-SillY chord5~ YOlJi -US,6 ;some wej.gbE, from theuppeli ajiID, Howeve:r~ arm wejsh~ is: often too clumsy :tio,r dI':!Ii01[~ nuances. Al1inl,!-l" COmlliUlCU wid] the:

:!iuing alll, mille nom thl1l' b"!i1ld,~ 'Ii!l'littl m~ rest 'of the arm 1;.r~malnlD.g passi\r,e. In ~~!$S pO\'W!r(U~ pl:ayliDl!:. or to .Ill. SUbl~~ ehang:es of co]oU[ diw::in.s; a str-.o,kc;o u.~ the Run. to.,ttaflISp-Q'n the ~~~I'!d and ~-OW' :ruoog the sirri~ and m:00I'! ,the lumd d(1umftqm the: wn;~l ,t:Q n'l'4ke

i rJUl sound.

Ml !:he different PI'<OPOirt10R1> af arm and h31\1d weigh. :3.I'e n~eded for difter·ent rstro,1\;:es and effoc[s: allar-m. Wci.glll::1 1:'10 h:and~ half arm ,,",wighr. ~lalf h;;1in.dl. aU hand~ 110 arm' and .:ilU the: combinations m b~lW()'Il([I,

USli,ngweiigJht from the arml This ewerolsc- requires, an as~isur.n:

1. Wi:fu one I,umd;. sup:por"t: iille~ entire wel:gtD;t pi 'me plaY'iflrs arm. 3if t1he ~]boll,\l' (fig, [1!IJ).

,2. Put th,~ flngle'l.s~lf you.r other band under 'the: wrist, ~ll,p-p{i!IfLing die arm 1!'Q'1l:[db- with iboth hands; (f$g.11b),

3 'k::ry lowly ;r,emove ihe fingers 'sup!p,or:dn;g lI!:h~ !.lFbow. and g:radual-Iy 'transfer all 'me: we:i!-tht of the arm '[0 the t'iing(.ltS un.del' me wrist. At ilii$ point: the pl~r mu.s:t not let the uPl?ct 3J'DlI droop; whil~- still, ~tiing: tbe w'ho:le "y:e.I,Ilitt of me' arm, int.O< 'the asslsr,ant's, sup'poni:ng ~fln.gi.'lirsCFig~ I7c),

~ Put the ftogcr~ of your- rn hand under me bowing hand, 'Siu_p_p!O:rdng the we~ght~ of the: :o!l'm eqllJal:ly" whh. bod'Ji bands (Fig,. l7d) ..

:Ii v."ry :s]o:wly r,e[[l~ the ,fingers: sUPJl'(lt~iflg me wriS'E" 3:1l(i ,g:T:'ad.1I:]3~ly tn:nllfer. :!d~tt:l;e w-eilllbt of tbe!player's ,arm. ee yourii' :Ei .• rs!llltlider d:u~ -~_n,g b:i1Ind .. The pJa.'K:1'\s wdst: :muS't :i:lO:!: dro.o-p ~n d1is, POi:lit (Fig. 17e).

10 lns!i:u ime bO'~ijf :into the p'lay,er"s ha!ld~ the player sdlJl resting the cntir,c Kin weigh:r ollli tn't'l ~~p:porting" fingers {Figs .. ] 7f and 17g)L.

~I put the bact< of;yp.m- hand,tlnd'lf~' 'Eh,t hii:lr ~~ar tfue hee~.Th@: pb,ye:r;!!i, iin\.mr¢g;t!5·eqool~y Qn y(i~[ :t1tJge:rStl'D.d~t 'tl:l~,bowj,ngJi-a!JA>;~I)~m.e. b",,~k 9f Y0;lilf'omer .hand,\:I:llde,r:~elci.:arir [fiijj:. 17h).

'7 Ve-r-i'siow.ly' 'r¢;l'lflo;'f~flB:~(s,Aiiit;poJJ:in.grn£'ll~oil[Jg b~D:d~ !h~' pl~}1~:r'g;!:;!d!,:l.dIY ,l1e$,ttn.gm.~ Ii1Jiri,.e we:ith1! Q\f'th~~.li;brn~ ,di;e.b,o~v> fmQ the'''s~isl'ant';S'il.an.d (Fig" .~ 7~l,

S1J:ppo'm,iIil!!l1hlf.e~,'ili',e 'we'jgt'iIl:,'1.'lrf tq ,arOi, -at ,tfie':elUJ~W

Sllppdrtin'srthe wili.g;ht: oct tiil~ ar,1frl1 eqlJ'aX1!y at: ti1@ w"ii'M .andi i~1'I' the Ipalmof the' h;i~d

,~, fii'l:~ :rtg~tiliand i!l,S~Ft5, :~he li'!aw tm,m,th,e I!!Iol,.e!"lS lh~!i1d

SUptP'O~A;.9., ~~'(iw~iiglht m~h~,' . 'aM ,e(l!uarnly. at ttl~"~llhow· an,d1 wnriSt

Gr:adua1lly n"M\f~if alii the,W'E!ight in~1) tk~ '~~f!g,;er5 ,In ,t~!!! p:a!m,Q1 t~e htl!!'Id

5QP jm!1Jn;glt~ w4!iigllii!;t ,Qf the 1til'!'nl eq,~al~'in the:,p.a~1lI'! ,pfthe han d "a:i'iid '~~I'OM',h ~e bow

iery ~lowlyreJW!Q'l'e, ~he left 'h:and. gl~adual~ytirall1s.f8!rr.ing <lin

, ,

1I!~tlr Weight, m"tQ tJi!!!! fliing@!"S

under tf;1.e. WlIi'lst:

ThE! ~:eif:I:'Ii!~M mA,tinliJ:1;es~o 'SI!lJ!ppe.n. th~ w'eig,~t'a,'S ... ,

C!!nn!Q~ rry'~ransf'e:r~'lIt~ W,e:fi9ht. iin~ _~ ha'l'IId si:llPP~ri:in9 {he 'b~w

IiJsb'S' w:eitg!ht from the band ~h() see !ille ~Ile ~;;:erdse) b5-d:5f: 78.

The" mo';,re~en'[;ll m 'ihil~ e:l\iie;rc~-st1 a,rie 59 ~Ilgl'l.t ss 'to be invisible:. 1Re.st mli: llii:dd]e of'th.e CQWOtl the .,.mll:g~

P_f,esS: tb~ wood d!l;),w,n ~Q tae :LUIi!:' wlm m~ baDd~ m. ~,Il'i:o(tion siltniil~~ to ~e ~~"l!i'ud mo~'CnwQ!! dltU c.~~~ a ~igb "":rri!S!~ (fig. l(:)iliI).. A~ a ~I* ~'!11 wris~ villi! 'be' yery·s.l~I~' m~ cllfwd ~'Pwa;rdls"R~~"l$e Icbe wood ~m" Do fio~.p,r~ss the (if.Slt :fing.ej: tQ CK¢rt Pfessu~ 01' turn ,tll.I:lWiLrtd OR 1tO the first fin~I:)[:Ii'¢.d ·th~e;lI:U:lI. p.1:;eS~Ilre: frQnl 'thi;. h~ncl/wl:'ist disll'thilrtttd. eVenly i.mOIlg&t llbe· fwgenl*

:2. .flUE !the 'Dm1l' OLl" th:e s:tnng;il, c:entime:tre· !lb0ve'm~<midd]e 3;I],d f¢P.~<i(~, Do ~e sarae, ii, ccntimen:-e'bigiler

~ilich t~m~~ 'I;lP to tthe paiDJE'. - . . ' .

.3 Play the' foJil:owr-o;g pa'lI:.em in the upp~r half~.l.lS:ing· only t.he nand .move:m~ct t(lphlY the :S'tte~.

Do ,11.('1'£ play each .li.ote. wi:rD. a :fa.~t-slGW' bow speed: U~ one ~,...t!t:i bow speed for ID!e·"'hole,bar .

.4 p,lay slow • .f I d.own.~ and !up,.'bow str~b.i;s .in. the up:per-.:h:ilf~ us-mg ooliY' the h~iI'id. m{)Veme1lrJ! ('Os]l'lk (he; h~if heavily il.'l'£o the suing" Play on eadh ~tMg.

Spreading weight through the handl

Spread bowpressliJ:l>e 'thtbughou[ m:e bo~ .~ilIlnd) rathe:im~n! only p:n:ss.mg :in~ th,~· ilflr1ng With !l!.e fir5[ fmG'Ci,r ..

E~r-l':is"!i:: J

• P]a~f ,Ji'[led:i!!t.~-specd~fstn'l\kes~, dowD",bm",' and -lIl{P;; wjth dh,e :p';Id 'ofme :fourtli fiogi!rdn die sidl-~ of ~~ frog·(rtdltt) m~' third). m~e a eello 'bpw h9~~(Fig. 1,8~. yo~ ,CanDO[ plfay t,O ~e pp'~nt b~di"g the bow I:i~.t! this" bUll pl.ay up ..,U;lil d,o\vn as far as. r,c-{'n~ins oomfi01I,'l~Me.

• NQt:i@1i: QOw tbe \ye1gb!t feels t ~,prea.d3,Cf(l.6$ the hand rather than .on'ly press~ng tllrou:Wa 'me fi:rs[ fmgl.>l'.

• ~n fJ~lj,d the ~~m.e fee:~i!nl!l whi'lc. p]~lYlx!g' w.itho Mn11!lJ:(li.b(lIW bold.-

Fi.g. '1.8

·:Exe~i..2

Ifthe.S'eOOod ~ds; P9sit~r.Il!,d V'Cr}! sl:ighdy a:i lihe"leb..o~thefuU'mb' (a-s seen'from, m:1!: I;lb.'Ytr's vic.wpom.il:), a certain amoum of bow pres5ure can be taken a'wa}' from ~he :fu:s.r fiIlSt:[i'lnd g.iveu to the ·seco"i!.di .

• ' Hold m'l.!: bow. wl:t!botm me ~r$t tmg:efQn ibesricl~ and with the S<liCClOO .firug~r just il:ightlymol'e' w "!he:

le:ft'o,f me. mlJ,nnbltJian usual.

'.' :P[a:r:li few k)n.g~ .tI no!~s; on each stting;l ,ot p]3)' W!nol~ :p;i.!li'Sl.lg.~s irJ: pieees, Feel the second finger. h!!l'ping eo .~roducc me sound ..

'.. R.I;lpe~r with me Bi:"'S:t .finger on, :tb~ bow. NQ~"i'c:e tbeseeend fil1:gi!f -still 'Wtine;- some of thewOir,k aw,i.'!!, &o.m. th~ nrS.! fi!li~I,'. (I~d. teel, the weight m the wll:i,oJ~.haad ,:spruad ill~ly ov;el' the r~. PyLldJie third fi~~~I:' illl' .l;1'ntdy ~ga~ns,t 'We i:'h:l,S:,

P,ull and pU$lh A~~$b'il1$l't~l'Iw.r:is~ E~t.i;I~ 5~.

II ls- sig,rn'lilic,a:liiil.tb~t We·h~ve.~ <sU';oke~"~.nQt bow ·prre.s~e.s'~ il.ndtha.t in Fren .. h·th.e:-WOi~!l foI' dQ'wu';bo<\v

-, a'~·IJ)p..how·.!lftt~1U .Iti'o/~l p~~ {(pruncd·a:.~dI 'plilsfied,'). ~rh'e mos:r ~c'~s~kill;g, 'S."iW~~,an~re~.;:):nt 'ro£lif: is,pl'oouce'r;I nw~ .~. s~ed ,O$l\luw'-tb~n p~s~rtlJ' be,a;au~e ·the,--Q. me :SU'i..!iI!g .is abl~ to! vib~~te {j ,ill., 'f;W]~

lfi:tm sid'~ tel si~t) fi~~Y. .. . . . . .,' .

Pta.Y (evet<i:"llQud~ :>1lI(l,ti~ined whei~ l;lowi; an Qt:Hl:' fliOl,e.

'.' [)'€(Wfi~OW:S-~ pla;v ,ri.tJhouJ[mt fu;s,t"'M~r on the bow"

Up':''bows;: fh!~' wim.QlJl[me;(~Jl:im ,lii~~~rQnme l~Qw_ .. :Pu~!;he dow~'~bows~ p:11S~ffie :up-"bg,f;.1I$,!

" 'fhMi fecld'l.::,s:a:me pui! ·and p'tllsh \Jj'i':JJile: playincg .wl"M 3 norma! :bQW bo1d. [1,~o:n~aclt {1!~J'ing', 'Ii~~n,g: g,O'Ij![bre $~IJ)IP5. ":(i;$ '",ve!~ '1S ~h"ii~leQIil);!e~.

A!ittde· :[f;ltear.mwta:tiiO'!1 tthe mowen"l'el!lt used :t!O 'ro:rn. a dOQ~ .ilMJid£e) can. replace a 1n1illch la~'"f .movement of tibe ~ih:ole' .arm.

~isem

.P1:a:ce.meib6,w (;Jill 'lIhe .n: s~· at [h~ heel T'hen Mil: me hr~l1id ,d.oe..kwis.ei,Hr(ingtfue DO""" ll~ :'lna ~r[iun:C!.· tiC! tbe' rig]n: u.ll:rIli t icS U.Fs:id~~dO'~n {~g: 1'9},

R.e.rurn~ti1' i1):e, 'S(iI'.ing and ~!pca'l: s;e"Jer.a~dm~s in '91 ~fiti:m.liQ<l'ls 'm~.neilt.

~il:4;l;~l~':l:

Pl~y ~t lll-Uf 1liXH'~l:l fuBelJ• w~m 11hc .dgia ,~~b~ p!j)s~[.:iie1flii!:d ~rn."e1 wruth ·m~·ll:lld.dlli(l:· sn:-in,gs;;; Movern£: Iott.a'fm. (lIJil~: i[ ma,y be! helpfuioo plwe me re'f)t llano' {In@leript u,p~r~!!'.t'Q hei.pkll~]J" i.t sd~L

1: At tb.e .lt1'>':(a;e',m,e h.ee:.i~ pl:;y ~ shQ:l'J np''':b~\I'oF:l '~(:l E· s;t:J;'ing,. SA:11IP (Fj:g;, :2fjJ:i).

lM¢w ~e ~·~o ~e '0, 'sn-~nt, ust!1g: o:tJiiy~~' tUlo,d '~f~e:1lrm) t'(l change: h:;"'~¥s" St.OP· (F"I(S: .. 2Qb). ~: .Pia:y·:l}·$flo-u down..:boW·'OA me G suiing:.$oo,.

·if R~rWli m the:e s:rrins .. \:lisii1~!inl~r uue £(l~n:n,:SWP,

5.:' M(!iv~ [he'OOW i;\ll, mf.l G SU~:1't!!li;, ,and so {in, several, times,

h Hl'W !]t: l'IdpfOiI.j;(). :p~ayme lilwer -$tdijg GlRt!h~ QUl'sidc ~S~ o:f 'me. :ilaa6rJU[ the bo\v OOWg~~ej]~"bo.~}. l.'!1'lIC me '!.oW-ef s:uing O~ t11:.!l- 'rl'ls:ide ed~' M~ . :h~~( (td!:: .me b~JN tiOWa_rd!st;be .:bdd,~).

Fig,,·llll.

! lif¢rt;K~91 '.MWiiigM ~flJi~ ~:bypr~ing, vtinh,tf'it ~tfl~!01t'r;ir'l' ~~a~~tOf'I~, ,iIIXd $hOOtd9M~~ he ~id~ Th(l ~(i'~Clg' ~o,; '~ttoin~ "'~'~'.i~~:. rn!C!'th~'~I~ ~1't(Iljjr(l!!t· '~reoo .a,;;I'00~ ~!in.g6r~. fhli fflQ~~ 4icr!)C.l !1~tt·~iFlIJff. pre!1~,(! ~ ~ful Mlngi <!t~~~l~.:l i'i'!M~ ano;:l (d1lf.~JJI. ~n jhen ,tl/l b!!1!1~t iH1f!1l SC'rofld ~iflger'~~lf~d ~~~.

'l(:! 1,.,.,,,,t#f ~he: mcm--,e: ~ rlg<1". P. ~l.a~a; hrl.ps il'llen,pr~~te T~ gll.<i!':>lhe bow~;!i(!I a finG.!, rfHJr·~ sl!'m!live (~h ~!'Il;Ii,!;'l;iIi11l<i.l,

~~~[ ~he ~~men~' Iii rhE"bQw w.i~':Iitl, UIe l~niJ;. ~.9li 7~

P~' E:-reroiSleS, 17~mi ] 8" JiG W<1:&it.(Je:r· r,niraof the l:iiQW.

M:acy lO\iithQl(lt.a:flY b;Ol!od·m,Q\t-eme>n"t- Cress :~;it'l;gl> br J~l.lrn~iLSm.e fO~[ifil'i,i Oiind:al5.p 1dI$(l: a$m~~iL 3:mo~t of fi~ m~meil:1lf {s!!-e~ p:a;g:e i}, M1!lb[h~/SJ:ci'ng c~singtl smQoili ~nd :wUJld-ed.·

:~b:is~:4

The l)~fld" ~!1wns t~\l1)I~iij.i the i1rsit nng,ew: (p.roll'lario.li'J.')~!) gil;le.' :gt€Slt:et pire~:r1!ltl1: inw toe iSfl'lng.1 It UJ't:nS 't:ow.ard"S. ·,tbeiour~l ii:qClt (supi:na.!iO:l1)Ej)tOO~C~ P.l'~SiSllnl·. A ':\:ii~gln ll!;rpin=1.tiQf;i, ~\l ~f!~ ~~s"il1i1cl .. feweme~l,l hi! m~l'I:y. (]iff:.,cm.~~[fll1ig: OOM~:S~~

A~~' the J.II~:vemeO:ls efrbve n1jlilid ,lnmis ID.:crcis~ ce-mQ ffi."r.-.o:m ill roh1:tio!n :of the Foreaf:nr)".I'lQl th~ .lW]i!!dits~.iI. 'If ~Sttl!J;e rntd:dJ", .o,tf tcn,re ;b,?w ~ii!dl!i'gn the" sti:~ wimi t4e hallaih its~o:rfil311 ,p.QSi~i,(1n Of!: Ih~: ~. 2' :Prcssme:WQM of 'mill bow d.~ilYEi. :t6the ha]l"b:y ]~~nillg ~e, ~®d ]T1oF'eM m.e! ,len (plto:nale): m}!' fllrs[

~(l..d -5~ooofl!~:r.fpre~~ me boW dbw,t1t:mel ~e'follJfi"m :6~ s.ualght..en$:sil~blty CFig, .. 21a).

~[:ea&~ d'le WQQd of tha ~I:lO"w ID'," l!~"!'I~i:r.lg the ll:lflnd iSlightly itt(Y [lh'e. !:-igh:t (S't.l;pti1Mn~) 1 ,the IDUlrrn· tm~er CIlt1.iElS m9fEl~ .uncl~he, rni.dd.l~ }Q&ll! of the firs,,; fmg;ercomes away from m~'£!Eld,:: (rl\g"" 21b}.

3 Milikcmis #oQIT.'I~.&i~~~IQ-~]~,t:llitlw~It!/l¥lJr· s€;Wl:r8!l. ~irn~il1; it ,QQntiflYo1!!!:.S ·motion. Po Mt m~n me :l,lP!iX'i1: :!l!r,~ 91; elbow: ,Mo'W~l!b,e :fi~g.~~s, .s:nd f'Or@l'm oruy, r, f~e:lirngmc hand rruf'l1~i~ 3ml[lfid rbe: tmmmb.

4 TheA 'e.l6 ffi!.'; Same W.hil;!i:' koopilJ$: W!,c'i w9t1d 9"f ~e' bEI\V p,res;~¢1 :~,~ .~ th~ ha:iir ~nrn:e: ~ime"wimolu: :wlw.tsi:Qt d~g !be !;ll!J!Jlm::!!tiQD, .. "f:ti~ ftl'5t: ,~Ild si!OOlJdfi~g:~rs:·m~'St now ~~.~ :p:~~ilIg aJ)wn~M¢h ~ mi.d'"dle: ~P~IlJl: 0.1' dlefi]<~k~linger, S[3,}l:irn1.!:l j'J,n ~.I.t !Oti"~k" ~e~n ~ballgb'~ b~o;d :ru_a}:;es. ecll;~u:;.tly the ;$.am!~ m~'Ii~m.~ot M in \4:) m:cl. rn.,ab.ove.

Up,pePalrm. m,o·vement'

:Bx~~ise: 1 · ... Vertit21:11 Imov-emlent"

f1!~ ~t :We '~l'!,tteme ti:1]~ usilng ~y Hcrl.1:: ]]o-w. ,[io-I' ·Ifl.~p:lli~~es. oQ!f~e ~~~ti>s_e trJ.Q.v:e ~e :r1»tOf), ~rm: fl'QJ:ll! rh:ti: :sfi.{)td~r'.

IPIIar the E::l(llifl~i~e 'iln "two 'Wii!:!f;5;:

'1 $1!Cl(p.rlul~bov"·OH tntl· ;su~ngb!ll!"O:tf:" m(iiting ~CI tbe n:~,t Sitrl:qg level:; ·plary 911ds'Ilop' - mtlve~Q m~ n~)lt.

S"td~ ~J Slt0!§' - l~Ia1' ~[!d .s:ttop - move to 'me nex[ ~lring lind "Sl'O'P ~ ete,

2, ,PLay ·and mow. ,an· ill. ~e ,a,afJ101l)l~ pbya:nd .m.Qv~ - pt~_y '!l:rJ:d mQ~-' ·etc.-

Eln~:1:'Ci.sE' ! >@, hill and o~t

Tow~s, the'en,a of tlu: da'Um-iww me upper armpushes f()~\lrd ~qm). At. the ")~ti,;mill/.. ,at the ,,;:p-w.w the upper arm rnO\i':(l$ back {~I]). Fi~s. 223, and :2:2b'show the tWU :mxJ'lrero.eut!l.1 This ~~{clSe ~agg:el:ait.e,s 'm~, 'and 31~o he[p'S' ~fjoo me best V'IG[irI po~i'tion.

'lajl'lm .front: of -a m.i'rJi'ill'. To Site ~'li:l;ily if the iDI:1W'is pa:r3I1e] widiJ. the: bridge, st'arnd so: tl1a~ the Vll:)liJillis, :p,arllll~] w~ tl~ m'hTof,.

~ ,P'l'-:ce tb~ bow on. d:lJeA. suing ar: ~ poilIt~ pll1ralle:] with the bridge,. AngDe [he 'I"itilii'['j slightly tGO far '10 '~!lJ Id:; :;1(1 th-i1I:t f,9 kee:p ~e :!;Jl)w p!pirl!~lcl'oome brid,B;'e the armhas IE.O Ire, srrliigbt (F~g. 2.2--cJ.

l 'Pla, snOJI strokes' up::bowand ,do\vnj, .in, thie lOp 'qlIal'l:<tl' of W,e: bQ1.1J; Th,keic,p It:il~bow paraUt:! wh!h ili~ ~rjjd:~~ die' ~perarnt hil$' t"!!:lmrQV'e' in (lll,pc.;oow), rand, OiUt (dowl'lr-boi!,il,'J" much, mOlQ' tban usual. Rc:pe:at oneacn swing.

l Now fmd me cornct'an.gl~ o:f!b~ \'oo'lm~ whet~ :rh.c :ri:l'lil;~S :o.e:itl~ctl" (OV s~r~~ht ncrteo bent aphe etId.

I)fme dO'W.f.I,.bow; Play-the, short s[ro~es art the 'top of the bQw ',again-t fueling tht same (mough smaller) 'io and O\lt: mQ,vemi€:n.~, as bdQ!N.

F,1'd1'll 11i!il'~:e t~o :ttll! poarl't the' UPPef 'ilIl"ilin moves ,;.. , ,...; to.' t'iI 'uiMa'.,y'(QIJ,'"

Th@ !!IIIppe.r~rm Imovie'S

back ",in,) at the ;~1!9,inlliili[lg: !):fthel,lp~

The v;icl:in pCiS'i~tio"Bd :S(lI 'ti1hliilt, tfl;i!j ill!'lT! h-as.1o be too stir.aiglillt'

About: r:allsin,g the elbow

Soni,~schQoillS:'QF!i'~;~lill Il$a.ylng s~~'S~ th~~ 'th.tl ij:lbow'should be Oi;i, the ~a;m€ Je,v~I!,-a.~, mill 'bow nllf.l:stof the nm~, OIi'l'e:r:!I s,~e'sl.: tha~ 'me ~lbglW ~S:hQu[d be !plghcf illJr, the' low{!f' naif of'me ,bow (rab.ing-du:rirl;g tbe opboW) IQiWel'in:g duci(tg the dic:nr.;'1.l.':bow}. The[~ il.MadviUlJ~' in both methods, ,~~d many p~3.~t.$ ose a ~mMrui~~IIiI. of me :two:' dep~I1,dill,S ~n what dte:l1 are :pa:lll~Jii1g,.

OIl(l!.3,d~n~ge of~"eephlg l:fi~,(.;lbow le'!i''l~J wirth the: bpwin the lower aaif'~~ rhe ~I~qg ofm,e dbow'll1o¥ing' m !h~ ~ame..speeJ ao!; tiro baw (m me io-:~t p;;ia,o~ the bow)~ v.rbiCh giwK ID;-ea:t,'conrtrol.

R.altisitlg me dbow C;:~.lll heilp'~0 hIke wdgh'l: 'OQ.1!;,nf u'l!esmng' il:'.l fuel""""ef half (00 'floor' me boW)" o:r it can iJ,e~scO. ro :Ievw: ""'eight ifl~iO 'm.e-- :s:u;jJ:lg-, It reChlC~:!l a~ilY frellrig of being cr,amped :agaitiis<t me s:lck: .of ~ bQ.dI~', and JpiroduC\}s ~ VP'1lve-:ILk,e mmion wati:iclru, COia:Ie;$ frOlll. ch:an~iQ~, the di_rec;;ti~n of: 'me elbow justbefure' sMfiig,fu:g 1J)qw.

1111 I'h~' upper lwJf~ fur ,e.fforti,!:lss.. sust~i:nei:I. fp~a:yjngJ 'Ieve:r the bow and bQW ,,~"m into mestdng: by slj~btJll" t~isi:.n.g 'Ih.e 'tililbow:, .Lea:mn;g iltto 'me: string bill F..risj!<lgthe t~b(),~' in: the- u;pper- kaJf i;~, ,)Jl:S:jJI;aJily S;Q dt~t lihat it is naa:dly visib,lei1dthou~b ma~y players need [:Q' mise it ·c(lMidera~ly eo ''lind e:J)erpgb(1o!''IJ;er.

f.iig.,ll

• In .he U.li~ Iulll tlil! lJ.pper,illm ~"not ~!I,I.I1I"';;'-i1fiO'o\!i 'Aio"<I!l-i1

'00;:: ,iIS, dllRrIQoe;l, in

IlfIian:f ii'l~t~I'IC!!$ InN:,' d~, 'b~~~oi;i.!IO.ftil;I.i!<!.r""

10 foil!>! ~i~; mti'l'iRfl

~f'O,j ~1ighily: ~~ 'Oi'! .~ (i\:;!;'''-ii"pgl..'i <il1;,j:j foi'l'!o\3fd ~.~ up"bow, 'V 1S'!iliy~ ~I;.c rftliJig-iJlpl~ 'M1h' I~~ ..... hole <\fI'f':. d~ ~, Jl(!o\I'l''e'rirr9 ~lN $l'p-ke!;

rr.cm ~ uPp<[t ,,-em

l!','(t!'I ~r,Q;J:9l1l!1'1o!t rn th~,~...i«."'ht~ "t.oJf1Jl!Mk;~rm

~'[~, G' beg.lllfto!lf. ,I II: uw.al1J; b(!~t 1o taiiow !he pritJ~~oj ':rjtoe ~ at <l>ilt'r!~:. l'n(! ~IJld~t - 'sh~uld ii~t bil'<!.I'n 1lO' ..... m ,bOIJ;O 1I'lAA,~ 'fl'ill' 0011 armo., tbeo i/1I)Q1.'iii)1'I tlle l-I!~' I~~ .!Is'~h,O:_; i;o::oW o!ot a~ ~ QI'l~ ori,e t~i$ '~bt bMhilill (Wh&h£.:"

II W:l1!!l' ~\!.'{< •. , i!l'IO!1Ji~ '~r U ~'. 3Ji[d'r·.ai:;i.".<!l.i;i~ 1111Xiw iA'!tIt I!:iWtr ,naif, I):;'I(:I! 'im& ~ ~'bli~r;l. ad'd' r~i.i9 ;1'J.inli~ ~ ~ ,ul1i?W Mit Pt~Lva~, N¥e)l5. 'ei:UI ~a('tl~ 01 ~h~ :>a1'191! Wfl¥: .. f~ rnlnlrt~-s 'M1i'1 i'! .fiffl ~ iirll\ ~ ~~ Irriin!J~~ ra:.1I)i~ ~iIe eloow O'l'olf I"" Ihe!iJwer 11a!f",afcl!ll',~beo r~'rt!lll"l '\Il1~ I,jppEft~~l

Ri.rdu Arm. and Hand

ILeadilngl stftilng crossingl

Therigl!t arm does not h~m move aU .i:llot'ic pi.ece. wh4ID c.!:,l)s~jp_g f!:'OII:10ne strmg level to 3.nomel'. The hand leads. when. CYOScsiil:tg; fn'Jlmia Im1i'er suing. 00 a higner ;suinS', :i1Ind me elbow fuUows. Tbe elbow ]ead$ wben. i;;[ll)ss:itlg. fro_m alligBlie:r smng; 1ii:i a,lo"",et string, and the hil.lliid fOUOW5,"fbJiS is h:ud.iy visible: dUl:ing·. DOm:la] piaying~ and m(! 9Ii!r'dSt.;i UlGi;ggen1ies ~t by ~pnnmg dle whole-ann mO\\'e~I2.IJ,i. !nm t\o'!/lO;SCp'i.iDi,~~ mov:eli'l:UllIUS.

,PirS1.. :st'op bet¥li@E!n Nch mio .... ement

P~ay the: nO'l~ Q[! '!:hoe ypp~rsfring - SiKlp - mOVIe the ,elbow m m'l!~owrer sh"'ing lew-J- Stop - .Il!Q'Ve me: hand and [Ol'c:a;rHl to ehe lewer :suing ]evel -st:o:P. elC •.

Then ,make, a:111 'the ~~:m~ntsoontin,uous

l-fow play wim.otu: s[opp,ing;. $.0 that (me movement fl:owseasUy jltt.o the next. But sntl. e:l!~e:rllite the timmg of !.he mevemensa by c!.earty m:o'l'mgfi.rst one P8f[ of the iarlill,and then Ilfl;fl other.

#I rl e{oow hand! V k~~d ~]'bcrw rIi dtJ.ow l'iSLnd V hand ~bO'\1l'
-r a , fg t ) IF t , 1-1 , J
v v
n 1"1
r simile ()
- I: IFF" ,t~1 1:-1£ I~
f , J J t: I I 1 I It • t I
4! 4 • _F J -. tI@ I FF t- ·r 101=' s I r t l Ii I I· !I
PL~y' in time; Ilt iili S]O\¥ 'tempo (J;: '6(1)~ cOillllting in. three:

Bar :I a'll OOUfli .~ - PlalJlhe B wi:vh the whole' arm ,OIl. the A :srriing: I.,evet

On COuftl. :2 - MQ¥e the dbow to the G string :Ieveil~ keeping die bow 01]: the As~in:g. On oouo;:, j, - Mov:~ die· bOW' eo me G string:.

Oil C'Il'll.Rltru - Platylihe G wiltn tbe~ wbo]e' :u:m, o:n, dll~, G SirrinE: ~t.·\1.'~I ..

O:n CIOCut1!t:2 - MO'~ dl~ bow to the Astting :I~t.. k,ee.Dmg the dbow on rht:: G 'stt:it'ig ~!!lveI. On C'l)'UIU;. J - MQV.e the e~bow to the A sn:in,g'1e-l;I'e1.

KRown as ':son tHe'. thlslS one of the mO!!lt import-arlit p!l'3cdce. roetbod~ for bew oon:l'roJ and tone p,r,od.UOO()illl:.

~ercise 1

.. U:s:ing whole bCi,lOV$ 'on each .std_n:g,.sus~:ain s.ingh:.IlQ[es fhr as tol'il8 as p'O;is~bL~ P[<l;Y ne:ar the bridge~ ahv,lI:Ys arimin.g fora pure sound ,e!l'~n if at times 01:'ii!: $~I!m~ i:r.npaill'~ibl:e.

.. SC'[ 'lite tn(!ttoi'l_o:ltI.~ all '60 (jA~l •.• oneb'l:-fiIt per' >second). Begln with down.. rand up-bows :Ianing 30 s~Qfld$,and g,ra;du~lIlIy .increase d~y by da~ up roo 60 wconds or mo,re.

Try to sustain the sound. drawing, the' bow' everny;. The benct1,ts ·of Mis work: a!r;g t1!klTIl,oro.in<lfY> even if We' sound ~craj~ches or d:isillippears f[Om.Eimc ro rim(l: beeausethe Dow speed is 5.0 e'll.cessively slow .

., R:epC3i1 tb-e lYacr ,of rapid sixil:~cnth.-nQWS (s:emiquavers) t'0\[ U)t 2-01, 30 secolnids Or mOl'E. The :1.OIfi.ge'E~ liJ:e loader, and me faster the sixreer:u:h"Iliotes a:r~~m~ mOl'¢! control is n~(leQ! '[0 begin '~be :pa,us;c note clemlly .

., :P~3y stn:igln fwru me smt.eenm-:no:c,es ~n1lo m,~ :p3tJSe, beginni:ng it 1! Mtnout any ilc-sitartioll or tme\~enness in me sttob!. Hold, me pause 10,20~ 50 secoads or 'mote) sustaining evenly.

~"

fAI=? iE r -p E

E j

(~p'~Dt Ihis 'l.liU' m!IIOY titne.$) r::"ti

, j E( Err :11'"

ill

p

v (~p~~ mm:r timr:'S) ('!'\

9~jrrFFrrrjrrrEEr :1;

.If At tit<:: point

:millClse 3

.f~yi_ng lQlID,g~ ~I:t:s,t:!liined suokes :U9tn,g dli:ff'ef·etut lengths, (If buw, diffieri!'H[ str-ing: ClQ,S~i_Qgs and ~n diffe.td:i~ .POS.:iJOO[lSI' there aTe ,aninfinnoo num:oeii of poos_i.hmti~s, of: QfJ.fC€rldc~ dllc~.c:a'ndo and S-ru-tEI,Uf~. ~O\vcve-£~ ~sin.oe:llii 'ir:a["~~ti:o:ns come: fwm, tihe f.oL1olliVin,goo.!!l~[; iPoUems~ ,priictkc :of dltse alon~ is :sn;dficiel1t l!O 'CO\"e1i Ilhe esscntiak

11 'Plat as: ~oW'1;y and as cvenl_yas, possible, eraboue )I =40-60 (meskw;-'Clt d:u: b!.lltel"),., • Stay close 00 d<te b(r,id.ge, r~Jtber thm, going' m iliA:: ,fingerboal'd Wbe'-Jl p]aying pI

II ---0--

n

"1'1_ h

-It!:': +==---

V
II =11'
P r
V
.0.
=11'
'1' :f P
Ii
" :11 - ,1' .I~==--

:n:

r=r- f'~f===--,p~f V

=.111:

:11

.eo-

p --~=, /----_.

Bure.iS!: ~

PLiy ""hail,e; OO\vs on one now w~ili the meuonome ae ,60. Keep go.I1il t'm·lh.('l!~,~ &to:ppi'1, .rhrofjgJ-l(m~rh~ ~ise.

11 Bowing Ilear II!O me br:.idg'. play :l 0 t";~aits. '011 'the down-bow and. 10 (jill the up. Keep me speed,. pressure

and d:is,t[lm;:~ t{QfI1. t!lJll brjdge ibs.ohu:e~Y even.

l W~m{Wut, Stcrppilll.plliliY 12, hea,t$ 00 m~ next d'OWn~ -W:'I.dii,P~bO-l,iir~ 3.[J;d 'fue~ 14~ 16~ [8 and 20. Play i:1OSc.r to the ib:ridg'e ,"'s (he number i:r.u:reases.

3 Gradually gl:lt fasrer agaiw by :redillcing th.c nl.!Dilber eo ]:8, 16Jj esc .• ,do'iI';u to ]018 6'~ ~ ~~ 2 and 1. 'bow

IQ' a heat, IJ]Q',Y fiud:!er from me' bridgeas me il.1IlJmiJGr' decreases, buts~' as, dose as possible,

At: ,each, bow spted!,fee~ m~ exact distance from the' br-id,g:e' ~,3i1: prodtlC\eli Vhc b~l ~·Qt!~d ,il!nd :lieeli~;g in ibl!liJa\\'. ~'r sli(llJM reeJ <lS r(hc'l!lgh~ were you [0 plaY;81 h:air-\ br-e~d;m C']os-er 10'1he bridse, mi.:[lou:nd would ~,eat.. 'Rlde'rbc hair 3pin!lt this point like "a suiter riding agains:1: ,a: wa:I:1 of w.at¢;l'.

1l.:lii:l9i!'1t!':lha~ !tie ~Iiri

~ ;he:Ilow~"("I'1':':i(;H~; i~:~~he't as,. ooe '~i:I !)H?a!> Gr ""~, '1]Je pt:i!lt (I.f ~ 00>.0.; i~ ~Md.·!ti '~M !I>!JliFl

bqL~f! It\~ t4~il~ ... md ll:il2 flID!iI~ro,'inld lhP. !M)W ...:.fL&~ p;!"'r.'ai!(I:l ~q .1m ~_'I/!!irtI~[IF.;hfl!l ~;zy~"!'l ,~ 0!'Jt' ~~ 'C,1lIi~ &~fI ~~~ 1fI~ '~h~ ~flIDII rJrllit~ ~n ltJ :~rEil'~ frog ~'I~~J ~. t~ftt;~aviay"f¢:!'l'I 'o'?>II,

MbM~ U., ~n tin th!? ~t:~b~J~-o1' ~'OON ~.~i:Ii!~,clow ~ ~u. Ncl'l k.o1i!p ,~i('roU In G!:ie

POOOi1iO)!.1 <!~ fii~ th~

".h;n-p~~ ~'oH,I:~,,~ ~~ fl:ti:i '~~,\G ~t-.jI~ )I"Ii<~ ~h!m ,P/Ii!I>f 111Ltd1 t.::Hhi? ~m" of ~"'~ T,J)l!l>ft(1!-. The

fii:.; of \h~,.bQw~agam iNI'~~ f,OVtl~rd, K~1lr!)

~Mmi~ i~ _<4fflr?' pli2<l!\ !!i&~t!w'Y1~ [() ~1lJ~ lefit,'~lrl);'" WF.r~ .!!..~.¢.~ 1.<lilP1""'I!':!I'1".!

r~tjf~He ~'Il"'~ ~~. o::)Q!.ef' ~!J< y.( .... t,

~ i' ni!l.'Il 15 ~l.3~~IdllII:!, if' it ~'t4i to [~l 1b.0i7 '~N)9 .01 ~'r!! ~ ~ Ih.e !liW~ ~~llr:td

:Eu:«-iise :So

M:ov'e th:~ irl.j,~·~1l '~e "'U' j!J.St ao~wl :~e. ~rri~(j tap,ih .. ~tJJ:anY~Qi.l.cbi[Jg ir,

• Holding, 11li::~ .bp-:w half ~ c~nJti:me'II-;e aQ,?'I;'e" the sttitl:g~moiVe 3ss'low]y !li8pj}!i~ble: "fro,mmoe he-eJ to ·the P?~I1!,t: ~(i~bac::k J1gain ..

• .&'Ilhlli: all. mill mii.:lio."ek's in. In.e bIrnlin® arfi'i.:. ft;~tdrneiUtl:S(;Lef>ii!i mrlic;back ~tre'r~ef~c '!:bil:s1'i&iI~l!Jer b.Iad:es and on'eitiu§rtid€ (;:Ii,f'th,ofi ~i.:h.e),

• Chal'l@t':- the b(lw hand fil:ln:a heel p(l~;iciQn 00 :pej"VJ:~po5~tiO.n, ,g~ad:ua]ly and ::;rnooth1y.· the baw moving evenly;:ib;j)'ir,eth,e :sb:il"lg.

'.' is;[1:e1tme:. n.u'itJi)latly.

D~)m.e exe;"i:~~hefltl ea~h;'llIlf1ib,g.Ji feels ~t;:l'l~"4;e1<iblydiWecrel'l!·on e"<lc:-:ful~el..

Aibout: ttle 'angh~of the viioli n t~'be b~dy Long a~ .. n,.s: PDinn:: ·dl~. SCl'oll mOre 00 tih~ :Ieff ... eJi~ th~ vi.01In. ~ow¢:r on the sl~o!,!.~d~r (.te:,·,tb,e ~hiiQ m9to~ to '~r$hrr~or

U)trralilpi.oo'fi).

St.l!i'ilf't arm<s: ~ml[ !!ibe SJq[~IJ l1-wr,e :i~'Jr fJ;'OHt"Pl.a>oe· .~e vlolii!i:bigher. tmru'e ihOili;d..d_e'l: (tle •. ~. d1w~ ;ihh,¢Do-s,et ~O. or aDQII{U" th~ U .. i~pi;Qcj."i).

The moire ilbe$~m~1 p{lW~!J.· ro me,'le:ft,(:w.odta.; me :Iower t'lIe vjl~lm orldie shO"uld!~r)~. the C";~!i!ref' h:-:is~fQI: the: ~j;lg,el'5 !Q t~e:h, ,r1t!il ilu.~i burrn~ ~d:i(::t me ~]!t:f.!£ill, ha.Ho tXren.d I~O koeep me ho~ s~a:!~l:i( <lJt ,the.I?O~t, !

The'~ ale scr.oJl 'p0ml.SitQth~ b.tlii: <md/O\.~me~hi;ghe .. m.e Yi:olmiQlI U'lie ~l101il1.d1ei}, theea~itiJ>~to :~e~.P' thebp-w s"lf;l,jjg]lir~lit'[hcpojn.t; but cllille.mo.n:: thc..tc.ft foiul"Oa!iiffl h;as re 11'.'lis:t fmt :fuc :flJ:l.~.a ~ «ach~e:s.trii1ll~.

At m~ ·poil:'l:~~ the bowing arm. shou]!i be noeitlte.r iiiwight :n ~e:eib(lW ~.€Ir '!;o.Q: bern. B)i'" a>clI.j<ustil);g (be Ic'!il:'(,ic:db~, at' 'd;le:[l'clr(.in a'nd: .m~ Im~s;h~ ', Ioftbe \.\i-9illin on the ~'l)uld!~r, e·\I;~ry p.1:ay.frl' can fmd a loom.t:'0lnI.IOJ~ pl<l!~'!:g: positia!4,- SlQm~ 'reii!~he~s. :JIeC~mm;:;:fl,d that rd~e!:~ w.~tb v,e.ry s~'o"'~ 1ll"r:JfIsal~ld the lbst fW-o :lfi-cbc-s, o:f rlJ:e bOW,l,3f11~!(!1' hold me bow ·s,I~1idyi1:'gb.et: up '~he sl"tcll;,

In ilii!!l ;e:xr:tr:C:is:e 'me h.l.H:u;lrmoVl.':~: a:ro1'l;g lfuc ~ew· wh:ile rt rests· (j~ dl~ MtiIlgW.itb.olltt rnov!:!)g~ B~1I15~ t:!:Ie bO'"~li1 :is(l~'f~U~l wi(bm.e btl. t"le a:f;'m 'hm'r.l9·~bQ~ce t:fUlt tcQ'maJ!;:e ~a.c:t~.y the ~ol'teC[ ~LOv~nte:nt.>.l·'h.is ts OOie ·o:f R'DJe' b.C$]: >eXlfml>es: b~Mn5!1 ~[ rg;i.t"{'lS you rlt{J fed;i~'G O[d:RW:ml1 ~ ~li~l:l!tb~w,

,0 I II

The ,~ett.he n~qtlii't:s an "3$!l~[anf[:~who l,eSt~U!e ~~w"Q;n me str~Il.g. 9!t[tie' PQm~, hI:l<ld:ing it ~}e~' pillml~ei. ~:me bikl~¢, (Fig, 23), Us.e (:I~th.~!l;C~ of til~:b'QW ro htJold lir~ l{jlliil'~(j iIi~ mucb :rOO-IIi ,as

p@l1{>ib!e' {OJ the :p~aY'e$'tl. hOll_no:,

.. P<~itint'l thee "'ilfualin' $0 t~at 1l~ t~ endo:f·t;h.e dowll,';bnw U'J:e 21rmi~ neiiltll,e.r ,$~rai~bt at tbe e~bow .m.C!!r too bem,

• 'The :Rl'-'Ye:i: llgh(lf 'rUI"lIS" hisorheT h:a:nd \Ir and dill;'lFIl ~ne bo~. which r.em:lilli!1S ~~d{),naf:y.l:l£gJill~.owly· bn1!!~jter:m!l~e ~he mr:we.ID;e;!~,t fa.ste.r~

.K;.e~p: th~ :tm[1!d' in bow'"ho!]d ~aJP.e \l,lh"eIll!'1€rj;J: .i~ Ol[l 'lhe;bm~,. ]!1;lt~I:~g; 1t r;;:n1:lng:l: 'Mtu['.1II]y from .its ~ti3~ wilteD plJll'ing :~u:: 'fIlC\ hee']~ :.W t1:'S, shape: when P~~1l~ III ['he .P9~Rl,~

.i8't1gw \yith a fi.<l!1: him .... 'iJir-m>i.e:'\>lliitrl3~ t]je,; ,(,!I,bo~:v 'Il,El:pm:&im.ate:~y leveJI with r£l,e t.fijC~ hi i\[lpar~5 '!(Jf' itilt~ iht~w, Tlwn add an.y ot:he:r .nliCj\o"elJlen'ts, U' (foCi!!" e~am~t~)Y!lU nOmlal!.ly TIlli.seme ~]l;.Q!I,."Vih 'lii'iel.1<)I!;\I"'elf ~1;l!1f.

'.' Th.e as-s:lSitaIll shouldbQld the bQ_ .. ", p.o. ead]:"$~iI'l:gj,and"'t difr\'Jron~.dil$t'3'J'IcC;S fu:om r:b¢.br:ii~gro. ahiVaWS:' ~P~tl$ me. bow pilirn:llel;~t~ the bridge,

Fjg~ :24 ~[1I.<;J~ 'tti.e' ·diff~ntm.o~'!H'll;elllS, of~hil? :a1:n~iI').e~ch I',ar,rof d:u: OO .... t

Heel: Qni~v tlilt! !I!I:p,p;erarmmol!;!'es. P(f,h'~lI(If-h.dall'l,c.e; some

wiU1llitdeo:!' II'Iililkire.al'ilil'i !i.lpp~!'·,ain add :§''llJW~ ·t(Jr@~rm nwvemeJillt

hitw:~!'1 die :sqUiFJ11'e iilind ·tb:e po:inl: mainlty' ·fQteaurm •. wit!b some"forwards '(dQ~JIli"~w)' ~Jid badt,waitds (!up~bQ,w) movement. of th~ 'WJpRt!r ,;r,trm

Poiltlt SOI'i'i~· frOreii'!1TI and mo,e, -Mi' ... i .... "'ril1s. and lb.ur:kwa,rn:;: mO:lJfern:ents pfth~'I;I;pperarm

Sql!JilJre: Olilty 'f,or@Olirl'l'l, 'iI!lrie ¥5.t ,plaoo W ,'R~fy' :shQI't,f:asrt $ixteel'ith.no,~es'bem'iquav.ef$)

Dh,idrinrg "~he ~ow iinto fou,r parts

The ,idea is '~'0 play ,qt.i2luer'"]e:l:i.gm. ~.tl'o~ijn eOiicl:!:,p'a:rt 6f ~ boW; 'Sind 'thAn :!la.DE bows. th~:"qu~r!ea- oo"WS" and wh'O.I~ bows, ibl!,eping; m,e how para'lle~ with me 'btidg~ mrQugbQ!J;t.

Ii P,iaY'lo[roflt of 3 'm~t[pr, ho]d:!Qg 'the :iristtumenr: pOilrn]lel 'E.O <[be mirt,t)r.

• :PIa)" mur :smo9m StWk~-s t.O<'l· liL!lte., '~sing, ((If. ,(,.~amp\le, a 'tw<N~.ctave scalein br9kc."\ll 't)·drds . .B~gin, qu~cM:y,,..aod. p,]ay m(llJ"(:i .$LOvl':iy· as You- us-e more ~0W.

D

.

c

n

A

" ~i.~t play p~e(l:ju'm",:,speecl sn-okcs) bowing from .AroB~ fmmD 00 C from ,C to D, and from 1) to K ,2, Then pta~t MightlysJO,!lVel :~rn,lm> fimving. fttlill A to: C. ff.o:m B to D. aDd fro-m C:~O E"

,3 a,rnv' mom ,A tcr D; andu'OD1 B eo :E.

4 'Wn(yt~ .bQ'1.l v ·S.

fig .. 14

~ ~qua~ i~ me. n;}~' -G.1II:!Ii1fan us.ed iO!' In.~· ji!a.:.e iii '~hf, oo.........tIM!

Il1flt~ 10; ~ risht ~",g_ !J;e!lWeeflIlM!' 00..... amr ti~ lOI~tffI, th!! JO/'WI1fID ~n.dI !lile.l.lppElr arm, andl !l>::i:wittill ~ !fml91r~oI!ry "1'1>2 ~I_n horll ~he~h~~ 10' Ihi!'I::>D'w, WI'tgI1'f-~mnlj!d play~ ~~~ '~~ !iIliu'J~ hifJNi UFl' Ih~· I;HJ;.o.t .abcfi"-~ 1hi!o rn'.ddl~, ~t~~!!"f.ed.

~i~-~ ~~ ~t IQ\;WJI' .:bM!I r.."i W cOW. ff'.mllj!' ~t ~ ~lQ~le, Th~'!l'i1u~~ ~th~ oo,)y pM WI'II;!~ ~he fC're~rJn can i1'\Q\i,e- 0l1C!l1!, 'lM1Ihou! 'Iih~ IJPPI!I' ,~ ~rtg <I'll \'!,i~, ihi~ <JrI~al is reillJy Q[;iiyll

~ ,of Cjl'!t!l1'!etrt~

lOng. Add a few (~~~IM.J{l~ :!Ii:Jo."(l ~01d ~~aItCltQll~ ~st'oloes., !10 'i:hwi'

Ih~ upper ,arm is ~iil ~ Il!Im '!tJ 'th~ !m<iit~ ~lo..~nt. T!'1i~ 1:1, QI~~.I"1tn~ D;z!ll iiil\!!~l! ro ~!f mi'!.

'f.i!~1 Six1,eentn-nm-es ~!.E!'I1iquil'l'J!1iSl. W1loolJ~ ~avln~ to u~Cl\1e ~-,b lilNJI!' appa!a'~ ,ol ~hE!

I..IPPtr olAA

l .!\llhoog!11t!1!' noon ~hOO!.id ~, ~ ~r(lJ9bt II:i!:tw, di!'Brf~t I.OOJ!:

w1M~ .;:~~ be f\)~1'!d by del!bi!r~ d!"~""'1igI ~he; tow ~Jig~1bt ~ked[:r ~[J 1.ihI! ~, while ~l 1'i'!~ ~ moo foOr.J:ir"!~' the' 00..... ~t'til tf.~P ~~rm Qf<l'l'fili;r [mll'll

ihe bl,jDge

I"ilm' ¥Id '9'I,il' r.l!:fi!r !);l! t!i!!piioi!~!9r'li!!'l' ~.~~' ihe too.....:, not '[h~ Il'Oifit. Wn~1i 'the' l'o!l'''''~i!~Ie-\l·liiJ·tl'lll' rlOf! i~ ~h~'{I~' !1ito_~

• Of ·CO!i'!J~ Y'1'u ~ al&o mc..-e bctl:H!o !'~()QfDimrd Whll(' t~.'!Jg1Jh.r!,tJoo1o' .s;r~!i!, .. ~M: il I~

po~~lble 'w! diJMw,e!1Qa ~ trot' lbaw ~~ ~uite ]Ileill Ulte bft<J~_

D,ividilngll:he' bow into two IpaIRS'

Fintp'~ic:(15.e the st(1Qki~ rl'om. lihe hlt!!llQ lh~ $q~'ar!lll' and ·[bm.from~he !q~~tl'<e W fhe poim.Theaim of ~e eserelse is t,p lI:S~ me ar.m, hand and flJlse~sin such :3 w.aiy ,mal[ Me. bow .srays p3;runi:!l, [0 d:le; hrkllge hOV!!l!wt ~'3!SI!: !!i1ach srnu~.

Rl,epe~t each ~":ll sevel;'a] ti~~ p,1;zyi~g ,in me fuilolWmg tiU',ee 8~$ (lithe oQW: 1 From. the nee'] to 'the square.

:i!!: Il;l'Orn[he; :sq;lJJlIl'e' ie the po:ml,.

:3 W'Ilio~c bows, from me he(l] [''OmG' PoOlIl][,

m f"

s:lnl'.

=11/4

II

J?7

" ·.1

~

In

II)

:;~ '. . 4J

V

n

II~i J'

v

'. fJl~yea,ghf.lOO:ke as f:il!s,t ~ PQ6<5ible., ~o: that Y"J'Y. cannQtcotwctthe· a;!}g~e of '!1:!e: bow dllJ.:ring rue ·~itrO~, TWsis one of'Me :liew occ;l!ls:tl;!n'.> when l;O\Ile' q;uai[y is ntJlt: lm~o.rtalrn - :j\1$[ .m.ove mc bow alo.n:g [1:'1£ iSu:i!i:\t ,;lii:l, a :pilh.'Ysic:a[a,(;oou. If m~ bowi~ 'p3:r;aI~(l!.t!Jo the brid~ theend of the !sunb wil] rnt!ilt GxaJ ct~y thes .. me diS!t~!:!(:e' from the: briiMge as (he 'be'.gj~g(lf thc' streke.

.'B~iOOm piaying each :S1DJk.e:~ ch~ck in me mlrtt'OF ~o ~~e d10at ~ebO\vi$ .¢li; .. ctlyp3~i[el. wi'tf:! i!h~ bridg~.

Du_rmgt~e~[roke!,meoow would m,oJ;!e !IS slr:aUgh!l: !Si~ an arrow; I<.eeprile el1i>~w ;.\PPOCIXimat:dy ]!l:'i'cl ~v:it:h me bow ..

.. A:tme end 0,1 each stroke" pause witb the bow on '[he: slttmg and see wn'eti'terit: is still sti'af.l.r[ wi;[h the b~i~ge. lfn(1![~ dcddic what cansed it to d,ev~fflim: drt:~ O:Oi\i'e~n! of the ll.ppe:ti'lrm? of melil;ireaJrnf' fi!1g~!!,1i; Chmg.i:og ('he afIgh~' of the bow?w:r!!st tI!iM? violj~ pos;jJt:ion?

Then. gl!tl'l~r.ern d:u.:DOW.pLa::r 'm,~ .HeX! ~!trQke~ ooe wh.,':mhe.tl:t1.e bow is, .p!S:rail~1 1~1 me mid,gec) and 'So j)tJ.

lowi:n.g alt. anlan.glle

See ail~Q Ch~ ,ro~t ril.'er,d~ ifi7; Sp~ I!Jterdic' m()v~ ilGMsoof!!:l';:!Of.nlrE; t))!m:koe 72.

Th dra\\1 a ;strf.li:gb[!bow~ th.e b:ow :mu::>t bceX:Ili«lyp.ariil.1c] 'm 'me. br.idge. When 'Ihe bo,w lis Eli!)!: ,parall£i it ~Ud~ iiJC;['I)S5 the stril'ig$ as i~mQ¥¢,..s dQwnar ~p,The' ,gJ:'~"lwrt!h~ E1rng[~ Ito the bridg~> the (!!I5.m it ~lidles,.~

.f~!,';. ~5a :tlihO'w~tbe 'bQ''''' Ol;f1gloo. '0 /OU1.ing the dOWIli.!bOW" 11h,{;l oov:.' mov.es oow.arcb; the' mgeibQ£lrn. Durin,g m.e 1!liP-b:ow~· h moves 'mo~d$m,e b.fidis,e .. FIg:, ,25b shoVl'S 'me bow ain;sl.cd. out. [huillg the dowml.DOW" tbe bQ'W OQ\o'(1:$. fiol,i,t;I;rd$, 'dl.e bridge., Duli'i.ng die QP-b(nii',i~mJl!ve~to'W:<Jj1d6 IheRn.~:!:bQ:lIrd,

You can angk dl~ 'bow d.el~,b~nnely' r.o movefThrd:'lti:j[ trOtti, 001' dos~:r [0, :rri'lc: brid;g~, In (a), :liIngiirtg 'me: bm~l in miilikes!h.e hai!li" :auwmati1:::~UyrnoV<e ~'Q\'r!'amls 1ih~ :l'in.g~r'bo<!Xd .• ln (b)~ ~n,s!~iDg tb'e bow Qil1~.m .. l!iesthe h!lJiI: ;Sii!..uom~tica][y move t:owSirds the bridge.~

II 'Bri~~

9~: ,2

!III,

~I!

j

f

(b)

,(!Ii

r

:P!ieti~jng ;Ii.ngled oowlil1g' mef'i:ilSWS your abilitY, te m~_kemst;ym:;II,\;eOI1:S ad~ust!itent1! wh~ p:~yin$.l iml'to\'iflg bowing ternn:ique in general. Th,e 'bow ~nds. up' straighle'r 'and ~is .easier to cor~ed me ~;OInenl:. 1'1:: goes tiff CD!1l"Se':

B~ a!l'Igf:ed in'

.1 ,iPloce the bow O;Q the 'St1'm,g :at the Il.ee! nI':-aritlhe: brid~.e. A~gle the bow in . .D0 Me angle 'me bm:v t09 IDum or Ii: ""ill '-"lide across m~"s:tdBS:S fO,O quickly.

:2 Play' ;3, whole bow tome p(llnt",medklm!!ipeed., As ,the 00w' Hl(lVCS, ~t: w[ll, dru1 closer and e]()$er. to. the' :linl~etb:{)Qfd; ,[).o t1el' ~~jJ', w .. m3~.e '!~bii$ b;appera, -]e(m.eoow,drjf~1illmmaitic:u:ny' ,b«i!u~c brits, a~~e;, K¢ep 'lilii(;; soond ~ n and.smeoth, B=gm '\'I~th ,ill lot of pt.tifis.u,re. i'lnd deC'..re!'!;~e ~bepreS!illllr.ti::aS,'i[:!l~ bow drift5 10 the fin~:rb.oo;rd.

3, HalOring Jl;tri .. ~d .at the poiiOlle.aiVe (he angie me same - i.t,,; tn,e heel: ~il fu.xilier bacl>: than the point. 4Pirty ~ ~o:~;e bow ~ack [0 die blild, Letthe boW dfift I,jW~¥ fr<rm the ,aN:,g~[:b(lQr4 b~tt 1iQ t.1w..e startil:lg plat:e. fuer-@'it'i. the :p:re'.!l:s.~ durin~ t~e' stro~e;

IBil'W ang~led (Iut

~ce ,the bow ·on(be suing at the heel, ncar dl.~ n~rbQatd. A.n,gJe the: bow ()IU!:.

2 Pl.~l' 8 whe!.e byW UliW.e P'9i~t •• 1\8, the bow mm~ it w~ll dll'ifc clo5\'!i.r- ,;lnd cl,Q.ser te the bf.i.d;gc.

B~p with,h9roJy i6JJly,~~"'resi>lJre~ and ;i~[\~a~'fltbc,:pIl'e'S-$u.re ilI,Si the bow dritts to the bi'ldgfl.,

:3 I-I.av~m$'an:j\i'td. a:r~,c: :po~lnt leaf\.'e the <Ing'le'lthe same - i."1." the lu!e;] iSi furth~J: f(]):rnta~rd 'man 'the pciinr. A, PI~'!I whole bow baekte the heel Ut the bow ddft aw~y ftumth.c~ b:ridlg~ back fQ the S~1':ti:!ll\' llt"llCe,.

Deceease the p[es~:!i.l.'re d:uxin,gtb..e; iStI'O~:e';

'U~hlg; Ilalf b6w:s in'st...e,ad rjf whQ:ie.ibov.'$, •. :~peat both ~.ngles in the n:i~dd1e O:ftbe: ,IbQ'W~ and'in tile ~ower, lDd. Iq),pcr hidveJ. Abvays playing with II, P~' t.one,mcma;se OJ' decrease me ang;le 'ro drift ,across the $trmgs, ·a,t dil'fe..ml!t s,p.ecds.

~t,t\rm'and Ha~

Bowing parallel [0 roe bridgre

IFast: wlholle, bows in, the aiir

In a wel]-d,ev,eio:pe:d. bOW3~ me whole-bow stroke reeils IliM JQ,n(! 5:1ng1e~ctiQn) not II se:r'~es of small.c-r movementS johted tlogeth-er. b'lth:is ;ext\[\Cl'Sl!! the bow is moved :i~, tI:Ie' lINr,.r,o, help, d,cvew,prnc feeling: !Jt[ one mo,vemem mQre tl'a:sily.

Use a m~IT'O;r to check rbat m£ b(uw.'rern.ai:l':ls ~rnUcl ro me bridge" 1 Pillay a '\\'crysrn~n SUQ~ 3[ me heel, St.op 'on the stri..ng and vrn:irr.

2: M:a:k;if;l 3.suddenj, :fas:'£ mov.eme:nrt inl\be ,air il:.O the other end of the OOIJli'. and p'l:toe tbli: bO'\!jr on the 'string"

.stop and \!;Illti~.

3 PJay iI. ve:ry S(i:nll): sU:clkcillit the: poi:lltand ,leil,w the: bow oll,me string .. '~i!L

4 Malc\:,(: a 'sudden" fast ~movem~nt in fbe air to the heel, and pla,oll Iilhil! bow !Jill mesttrn.g. \l{fait,

M.ove me bow' li1.II.'OUP die aii!" as fasot SfS p!)5s,]'b]e, as :;;1:rtI~ght: as an :i\f.i:OV;~~lI.fjmo~t ~vQbb']i:ng 'Ifl the lir or mosiing hs para.Uel line' Wilh !he bridge.

:Ouril1!g dile. movc:me,nn:: the i.1JII:D.d m'l1s'tt dUiln~ from heel pusi.tion (fingers stigbtly m(l1i~ v.~rtical~ fourth finger cmved») 1.'0 peint PQsiI~jQH (~D.g:&r$ s]i:Slu[y mote tilrecl to· we l~f(; fhul:'1:h.tm.ger :stmighte.f). See FiiS. 99 lIn.d 9bJ pl3.~ ·6 ..

n r:;, V ,f.\ 1"11 /':'i, V .~ V ~ f':'o; II t:\ n t':"'\
~ '!i -, Il "ii OJ t , ·1 :fl ¥ II
J oj' it " J '1' t , I"
i '"
:fr fI: 1'[
i " i- ~r pt
ft .1'1
II
~ r:n t:'\ ~ .~ , t::"\
.- , I

fr pt fr 1'[ fir' pt tr :17t 5· Then p:la,y \!li!~out s~oppjng between the ~,UQ~e and the m01il'ement

P1a~> the silJlr[ S'lmk.e ::l'r the beel, and in we $ilmcn:roi!/em~m: mmr>c: above the- string 31: grta'[ speed '(C'I tlitep{)itl:~. PIDIli.Ii!'ie. f~fiIY .. nd mOoW '~o me. ~eet Pa:ln;~~.~l!1:d (lIO OJ! .

IF'ast, sho:rt ,stro!ke.s movliJngl up, the bow

Ai. !Oimp]~ test of wt1,~til'er dle baw :~ll'Oh is smight Qr Do,t £s 'Ij)p~.;;j(!i' fas.t mil'ty~econd-:M~ (d.e:mis;em.iqjuQ;v,'l"s) wi:m sepl'lr3Jte bews.The !lo1lllndipoint~ changes Olf.ll each ttt'Olke ihhc 'bow is D(lt: paJl.''lIUel m £he brid:ge~ because you c::mnol:: eeeeeec !:he !bow during:;) srrokt::. W:i£C:n the· point of UIe how to see d:uu illS lii1Ol'e.mw~is smdg'ht 'YiP and down. wi;~b. nO s,~dleway~mov~,e,I:I!Jts.

Us~ng: verylnde bow; :1)]311' fast tl'l:1r.ty..S'ecQnd~not~ Oil, one nete at the beel. J = 66,.

• Witho·ut ·stopping, gradui.dly move 'the bo:w upw· me poOnt,. and. dQV!lD. agairlr to Ith~ n~d.

• Do [hI.! !lame wim seokes about ten eeatimenes [(lIng ~;;;:; 60) and wJ;iln abo'U[lWtn.uy centimetres, ( -=50) . . KQl:p' tbe bow ingooCl OODt8C1t with. ldle s.tti'Rg~ ",1m a c'1e;l!irISQlInd. \'(l:i!rcnnte bow m. a (nirro:r; and m:a.k<e SU:l)fl ilial ]t:s~<1iY~ ex;ilictlypillrlll[le:Jttloo~ b:ri.dg;~, Use 'De fll1ge:rn as w~U asthe i'Dorun.d to >eml:rrol the dkect~Ml. ofilic' bow (see &vQ,'rgie! Exucis.e 15). Pil~y o:!}, e:a~h. $itnllg.

. E!If~.me heeL, '"'PQ·m.t:·or·bWilIJ:C~".

~: F!!FfCErtrrrr'FrprwggE'ffffN

i t

... Iuiddb: ~o poirlr.,.

···POIl:llt •• "

I If

I

f I'

"S~50un~1"i; pag AI

.--middil c, ...

, .

:leven Ilevel5 of the Ibo.w

'Lev~:~ G s,u:irlf!

LEvel,! G- n dO'ubl!estQ» ~] 3; D S;[rjng

Level 4' D-A double stop Leve'l 5 A string

Li:\li~l {i Lev01 '7

A-E doubEe s;mop' E smog

exellCtse '1 - Swltg~e, S'lllil'llgi5

P.lay the lheme using the nine bo1Wingwriardons. P]:lY a'( $:IQw~ medium and fas'[ speeds. Theme

n

4~'UJ J J rJ r I '4 n=J r tg r J=r J; I tJ f' i j'" ~

INine' ibQai"gl va ria,tiQQs

Stan each Varla:dOH be.ginniD.g up-bow as \\I\ell as down-bow..

Jf

.>

.~
~ ~. :11
,t ~r=r

J

(16)-

rMf(;!dli :(Indi -' ±CCll.UO

g 9 J r

,e

I

r

,3 ~

Cfg

S*n:ik.:s

Martehh Begin each Slr'Oli:e wtma firm. b:im. u~v~ lD@ bow OiD (he' string It'broughont. N·onlce dle' d~fferent :I)ilm of 'lliJebcrw Mif dl.1[ catch the different :mlngs" I

11 QlI3rter-le:ngth~tto:kes at me heel middle li'Ilid point.

2 Half-Icog[h S[rnIl:~s, in the tower ~alf~ middJej31:1d u,p'p.cr half.

•1

-

.

II

, For >ei'".oI~. play .l ~·oowOli'itMG mll1go. iI;IU;d stop the- bow on lbc ~l'i',ing. NOIIio! 11te e~i!iCt p,iliil f).( !t'>~ Il<Jir lIwI! tlJlJdieli W (j sIring, wheilll t"'~ ~ .... h;as llOppOO. W";I'I!iI' II:!e ~ 0l'I 'ftl S'i_~, prJO'l fl<..er to, tn~ E mng ,]I']d' ~cp, the ~QoII ~n~ itnng Th~ IJI;;lDI! on the! h~lr 'thin ~ ~MI.It:.U II'I@ E U:Itl't!l II ,ii, 'fl!wo

c; !"IiimelNl~ bM!l"~ Ihe hillr Iiwllbe !lair Ihwc f)lli!li~ ~ t~

G s!ring.

!h:ltQ\che;:r~!lY a ~IO'lI'!.r~ S-OQ!th iliu~r;;hi .. ;I; siLl:>tllw:ing m~ 3m'undfuUy". CilYnm:ect the 1itru~"S Wlcl]~ joining oriJ~s'll"ol:e to 8illOruber :sol:idly.

'~ Q.ua:r.te'r.:~en.l$h ~~aJk!e5 3!~ cli!:l: h.G~I", m~dd~~ :liIm.d. poilu:.

2: Ha]f;.ilitm~silIo:loo:~m me lower nra]f, r.niddLe~ 9:ndu.pper half. Spieca!C!)~ U's;e tluee: d~l'fe:ilel'llt spi:oc .. ,~o s~k~:

, Just bellQrWlIDe m,idd]t.l~ :Fi1Is,~.~ ~i~l> shOtl", ~ow sttOik~:s., :2 A[. m£ PQint~of~bal::Jlinci!:: meclJiU..II1, strob~,.

3 Ne~[ the h~el;st@w, he--avy.km~~ hith $tlrib~.

EXemciis!!il' 1 ~ ,AlI~ I!@vels,

'l1lJis Q(!ntmuCllitSi 'Sli'Ud.J' 'i!,_1.'C!1\!!d_,e~ {lV(!lry ~rQs~rnIl!g frQttl auy .I~I t.o ::any mjH:(\lr.praym~ 5;8im!tsookes, 9£ in E:l{m'Ci!l1C 42 .P~o!ili' 3)[s[@w:liD.ediumand, fllS'1! :$pee~,ts-.

,fj ~ ~, I I I I .JI .01 .. I I ~ . .oiI ,. .. .
- , , , , : I
, , , ,
, , , , , , ,
, , , ,
It:} i :; .. '" ~- :"'" • .' . , . ,

Prmite 'method~ ba ~alndliil9 doul~le SlOpS

The :perfe~'l: baJ~~_noe ~f ]he~ bQ\,'l,i' p~,a.rying 1!:\lj-'Ogtri!rl!~ a~ oo.Cll {i.e'jm.~bef!:[W\'ljWl[ dhtribution).j IS ra:rely ~wn ... :Norm~ny ene '!I_~g wHline-ed !iiUght~1i' mm::e· weigh.'~t:han[he omel:"~ die!)le1nding on d'le[lL:ltl:itllile; tali.Cmess: ofe~Ch S:ID[lg_, a~d ~,~ r(!l~S ,C!f ~chsni~g. (A p~~rtiMh Cl\t~~les me SMile stdng ~engms!, !In oc~ave cre.!lt:es diff~:reI':III: :string ~e~bs,)

A 'Ytll~fu[ pr;li!cdCfli m¢lh(;!d l!()baiaro.ce me bow p~rlliiCdy Qn~a:cl:i. !!it!r,ins is '00 '~oJ~ me bow acroosmestrings:

, ,

,

~: I

., ~

"

, -

F~i:I.Q: ~ow'[(ii pla, tb£:tremo~o Vfi."t,:!fas:~ andpe.rfecrtly ,eveil!ly~eaC"ll: GO'te' sOl;!Jrldi~ c:I~rIy, Afle~~ ~e d.o'Cd;,ile !OIOfii' ~!] feel ~,o([\e 'ecved_y b~llI!D.(:ed"

Prn<lliii~ dOtlb]e-stop ~,3'Je!lby pla¥:iiDg ,eachm~siI, \V,i.m lSI 'W:em.oio bef:o,repl:a:yil'l!; it'al!, a :!]io1'mai dlotible.:Stiop,

Pivotilngl

SI!e arso ~x:&ltR5lE'S " ::!4-S ru, $fnootn pi!'OU'1'lg 11'1 cnoro ~Ir~..g,

:Pi.voring th~ movement ,3rl:iumi die Sll'mg thtri: takes the 'bow' from one stti;ng to ~n()th~['~ is one 'of the m~n: lmp(;i\rtillilE e,1t::m~[lt5 of bow,ing" The bow!tl.oves :iiro~D.d[}(l nri:rJg while Movin!!l 3rO!]ifl: as ,:lin up.. 0:1" dOVi'~bov.~

til IDe:e1tamples,~ ....... Dil!ilIn,S pjllQlt to chi.! helxtlQwer !;,trmg', -----.jIo. me,!IIJ!.~ piVQI[ ~o t:h.e :['JJe:l{t h~eSii: ili1rr,in,g. In both cases pivot during dil,e: 1l.00e befClre"me string c'[..ossiing,.

42 Etud:lis on ,~a.pTiiCi':;S~ !lO, 2,.9 Kl:"-emilllU

(--r ;fB

·A.nlmlmdiiJ' f:r'om! hml[l, 'in D minor:. ~Bv:rv :1,004 ]. S . .Bach

-{ J

J

J

J

Pivo,tin~ i1> aa e'xtim,pJe ,of tecJmka] riming tha~ ~s earUer than tile rBys,ic'al :timing! Th~ piv-oting !ni)VCmlf::iU :tta~ 'ro be timed 'so tba!~ the :Ei:I'Sf:I1Qte:Qrn. me ,new '5!tringsauJldsi!tS if riliere bad 'be-eo no string c,l)Msing.

Y'~ CiiUl see de3!\ly how' smooth Or slllIdden the piV\ot is by 'st<md:1ngwidJi rhe viQIii.oSlt: right 1In.g:les, 'ttl a. ;m.irr-o:r.

~j'd.s.e ],

Piay \~h.o.le boM, pitnQllng severa[ 'tim£s ,during eaeh seoke without iI1:auc'J:ili!g an adjl,l-cent lOtting.

'I Pivot while the bow lis moy.i.l'I.'g ~dQl]g W smtlg;,Pii!,'Q~. t:WQ~ f01i,l;f and cigh~ dm~s in each stt-(l.lre, malting it sound I]ke norm!!] pL~ng on OH'1'i 'is nin,g witllQult piY"()'ting. 'The ~l'nple below 'shows four pivO't-s (in eaeh Slfir:lg.

00 me G string,. pivot to the I~f[ until t!iu~ hair ,almost. touches the rifn of th~ ",tolin; pIvot to '[he right unail almost toucbiing me. D $triing\

QIlIhc E s'ttmg" pi.VOl to m:e rigblllfilil the hair ,amu):s:r tOluc.hes the rim of dil'i'lliolin;, pivot ('0 me left Imri] almost touching me A. string,

011 me D and.A sb'iD~" pilrol[be[\v~ell the adj,:.licem ·stri~ as ralr !IS poosib~,e wi,thQUI: 'OO'UCbll~ ti1.e:m .. .. ]_fi 'IDe up,per lI:illlf. mov.ins:' tl"!.~ :b.{tl'lld: cf~ol1'i. die wrist redueesthe 3!DlOiUint of arrn moc¥~m~nli: needed.

Pivo[I'l~r wD's~

Pi,Vv>l near wriim

Pivot :I1ii:OU" ~o.D striog

P,ivot ['lear 'wrim

, _)

Pivot Dear ~oA'~.g

PiJlm near ro(rs;mng

Pivot Ile-ar t~1 A. £tt:illS

l"i,\lo'l: ,n.'car ['0 ,G .s:tril:lg

tnl

v .nf·

F11i'Ut ne-ar to:E s:mng

:PiV'Q'[ Helllt ~(I' ,[) ~hing

Pinl"o;: !)~'!!!' to< E ~tri;ng

Pi\'o~ ne.!U"' 00 D~trin81

PIvo[n~[' '[" rim

PWo'ttlt-ru:

Uil!\. s,triIll,!l

Pivot ·ficar ~o'run

PivloriIJ!::ilJJ:' to .A .5'tI'iUI!!

' •............

: '

:.11

HM!:.B!lt,3llilJll"'!JI5.'~ ~ '~IlI' ll'tt i'Otc t" soon&. te;:~al~mlng' ~ 5t)1!l!l.1r'l"le',lllt 1fI~ ~ rTl9l'll11!nl all; .~~ nc4e W!.!IIISr. • 3M 5Or1li1l!m1!!i b;?!ore Ille slIImd_ O!hm' Qb~~ ~1i'!fJl!!:!. of-"f ~icalilmll'l\l a~ fll'II'!~ p~r3l001l; I:Illmgtr.e' Sl:ring ~f(l!,ilo IDrot~ wm it~ fl"!hJ:ieM" iii'i(j s"'if~~ See:

L'iart ~Wr!oa"~ ~ 0 Wolifl Pfayifl!) 4rlIif re,;<{~ ~~, fe~lEtl 1 9Ei·2~,

Letcil'ie 2

This passage should. soand as rnot].gn one player is suse ini:ngsmoorlil, and. even \vhal!e-!Do,tes (sem:ibJli:::ves), while another is playing short, slll,oom ~ig~;th,~not~ (qua.ve'l:'S) oneach be-.a:t.

t Use half bows in di~ ]!ower h;iLf~ ndddJ.e.!, <LOU uppe;r balf.

:2 U'~ wnQle bmY!i.

,J='72~ 92

..... -

, t

~, ,~

-.- ----- [

~

31 3 -

'4#~~_bj_Jg§J ci~~~_"_'!!-J-~-tS1;i 1

uerC"Jse 3

\Vh~n I~galo string crossings are not smooth eno1!l,gh~ ~[ iiEi u,S"ya]lybec31u'se 'the $.trillg ,crossing' is 'KIO 'Ialit:. The bow !!Mu:~d pi.vO'[ aeross to 'me n~w suing ~~~fI4 :pl~ing 'me neee befor,c the string' ,crossiog, nut after pl:ayinS i r,

This exercise !J:SCIl, d01lJ:bl~ s,t)ops to, force tbe Mring ~'5'lilmg to be tioo carly.'The double STOp is, gr"duaUy shor[~n~d" m1ilking the pilVQt happen !Ia,ter 3ndliuier~ 1IlilUi] ,fill:aJ]y I'eali::'lli~g 1iI normal and VCi!:Y S:mOC1tn 'SlJ'i'l'lig (;[105Sq ..

• Play :h:dMe.aglili su:o.kes IT! the )~Jwex lhia~f~ mtd:d~,e~ 3:"d ulP:p~:r ]m,aU' .

• Ah:h,ou,gh piv'{)'lting lal$" ~nd hlW'I,. GO<!ldo'Ue to make the mevemem r(l'I:!lind~d3nd ~moQth beJ! :piVO'lmg wht'le p]aying the :fiirst note, g~ad,'u9ny hrin,gin;g the hair: n~afer md ne:arer to. 'the new'stting"

;Ii "" grad~a:Jly p'i¥i:iJit over ito n'~w string Jec,,"C1

~ ~

V ~.., ~. "" V ..

FI
'j, ,;, ''i1' V ~ ~. L____

- ......... , I

.. ~

11"1

V ""

:U1L. _

~~ :ill'

1~#1'J

r1
V,., ,;,
:11: J J tit 1 41
~ ~
I'i
1i! .. v ... iii'
I' '8
·'1 ...
~ • , I ~.
.
"1
v .. ,;.,
:]:I~: if J I ~ 1 :11 r"lJ v ..

'n

'V ""

-

n

v',., ..

:Ut:J .. ,~ J

Exel\C~S~ 4

lro (1) ::J!u:1 (2:},ke.epmewho]e-I1ule Oemilh[\e\i'e)$'l,l!Stai~ed e;'Y\\li:lly viMI~ pjvotL:I1(g ~oalld frem t_n.c Ci!1.!ll!t:er-ru'il:e (or.rHchin).,. Aooe!ll we C[~,u·tI!""'l'l;~te~ '"'litill:out d'is.'!:uroingthe w\h;oi.~n.Qte.

• mn (~) ,md (41, :play !1toe~:yb(lll,e-J:l!D:le f. Begin. ·tb;e b~IF':'~oOO (m:ini~'!)jiI ~nd m~~ a ~rll~c~~a:o, This [zyroes mepiv'm; m bc sllow and meas;~"d.

• ~I[I (5:)a:nd (6). play IDe wbo~em[!.o;~('t; 1J ~q.dtlhe h1!~f..;!:tQl~e f. Do no~~;er; ilhe :Pl\l'ot, 0'• ~e..f baif-~~re. diimJirume witole-ifiole.

• Cm]tilllu~ili(l: e~:lm,piif'..s up the seale,

u

f

4(~~

:;.,. :;0,.
J I - J , '"'
• U'
I i', ll~
r ~. ... r ~
""' :>.
P"--====: p'
J I: ill p-
;9- u
.f f
f f
hi I @
r ,~,
r """"
l' ~ ,fJ
..I f
-- J I
J -
-e- '0
P' ,
p .P' ,I '=""'"'""'"

U

P

»»

~. .:;.. etc.
J , - J , II
......
'~1r!;:.
~ :1-.:, ~, ~II
r r
~ ~J
p~ r-r=
j J ,ct)l;.,!
~.. ~i
~
f f

p-==

.I

J

f ere,
Rio Iii
.- r
P'
" I~~J;:.
d II
&
1J
p ,et:c,
,.-_ r
:f ......

.....

r f

r f

r f

Exe[lC~ .5

Su..~ta:i[!, me whCl~e-'n()trJes (semilrrcv"Cs) eV(!'n~li'. ~~~,I?' ~~bow c1os~ 1i:l:ttlllsJ:! w, the .~ ,tmnp sO tnOl[ '[he (loo.rlIlig m!l!!,"C-m:~m: dots not ha.w to be tooi3irg;e.

11 U.seha[f'b()i!;!,i's in the lo\Ve[" h3ilf~ .i,ddle~:'Ind UppCf;" hal:L 2. US~ wh.aill'!: bows,

il~

V .,

¥ I r

,d;

Ta

b

.... 1 j

trY )"1

ct1".

V:'V'it)"1

,~C'J'cise 6

lKJk"ip, tn,(:i bow d~'p U! Ir]:Hl,stting~ with die b~il II::EoseJ 1iO 'bon; 5,Ui;ngS.tdake each bf!lf ®(tundlfles8me as; if :pi91Ylng wim a: lIolrnnd DC!R::e'r,ing" te:imer o1iiionesni;ng OriiUOOS ~he :'l,'I1'~[lS!i.

1, UiSie halfb~ws in the ~~\~r b~f, ITI:icld~e~ ;a,_o,d; U$I!X'"r!::!a"M'-

,~ Uscwho]e ~'.

Hol!dll~j's down UIl!~esltr.i]'Jjg f:bras .1000gas, poss:ibk.

" ,I), '" :!;! 'I: :~ S, 2 " '2'4 <0 1

,

-l__________._==== _

, . --~--~--~--~--~-

I~'it 2 '12 1.:i!!l2,!'!Il

niP OJ 1] Q fjTlitfWc W r rBi1

- ~ 0< 4,3 :E8. 8,43,119

Curves, 01n1 ,on'@' :string

Th~n: is no bow :S!JWke, .on the viQJin dnn: I'IItO'VeS lUi, an exacdy S,[I':3I~[ lill.e. EVt."fl $;im:pl(l1' dmlilll!- and. DiPbows 'on Ollie str.in:g: ;m~ve in eurees, Th~ <Cl.!];wd: bow S11Nik.e 1Sth _ swrn.e: as a p&v-otin,g movement. These '~~l!rci~s mil~ the CUrV(>S m.Ue'A h'lrgertkEln nonnal.

E_1Ie1'cbe 1

I .'1

.,

f$ ,9 Ui=m I ~Jd J d J tJ I ~J iJ JJJJj

3; ~

41! giW iJ a1i.J i~ fJ till ~J~:I

.. Sl!!St~if,llhetioo notes, soUdJy" sothat ~~y soWld li~!ll poe' cQindnu.ous, nOire.

I! Durin8: Ib.e: tied n,otes~ pivo~ towards me nen double: stOoP srnuomly and ~venly .. P'ivot. .. s fa:1l' as PQssjb1e; wLmout a.cNal.ly l)O'uchingme nex:t d.ooble smp.l' se m.af i¢P.lliy it (on the new bow) you only hll,\'el'Q PW0t: ,ill f!i1'lcoo.f1 ittdlli-er.

II Begllm w:iru. qlJulcr .. lmgth bows '1'iC:3if 1'1hr;: lUiicl; in.m~ aiiddilli;l uf the 'bQw~ ,aoolIt: 'me IPt:lint. Then ~S:e' M'1f...I(il'igtb bows. in d'le lowell' b"lf. mi-CIdle:.l .a~cd 'opper half.

Ri2h.t .Am1 and Hand

Exe:rd.se :2

1. first p]~ytthel'llo;];e$equall~ .. NOl\kc ,tI'I~ si2~ @,f~h.e :bow mO"e:;[iJJ~el:n lrQl:iIl thefirnt pa;iJ; of st!ri:n.gs to lll\e~ sel:()nd p9.i:r .

.2 !Rtlpeatirljg the bSJI' cQnruu.!I!!]1lli$~y~ ,>,ery g;m,d.u:ii~.ly tOOlllJJ€e mel! dl$trnna!!l of ~he bow m01l'et~ml; ~H'I, tliJ~ :i]rst: d!oiLj;b~1li ~~op ~Q di~ ile~Of.fiid .. ~o !;;hil!t yQU :p~,~y the OUtler. sttin:gs more and more qUii:e~dy~

3Cm>itin~e to :!7e'lit1ll;ce tile II10>remcnt iJ;.to:rrilth.lt:; bow nnWy b",,~IY~'QIUc_h~ ~ {F~,l!~,!(E" strlngs, :ana then does. nOI[Eotlch them ;'l,t all1Th(! l'!~[1!OU:':~ in t:hel<ll:s~ 'b~r Qf (:he~x:~m,ple ind!k~re me b@! M;ovi:llg [OWl!lros tOlll' <;JuteI:' 8:~ri!l~sw.ithQlil;t~llU(jbin:g memo

f

f

f~ :1 )

f ~:

1'11;1

11

f-' f ..f

h

f- pp

I I ",

f~

-:1

f

f

i

1m.! r

./--

a? Ii

,/PP!

'v

r.°o<=:

'. Be~i:D w:~~ qu.al'~I'';Jength bQ\V31 ,!le'.ij;ii the 'hcel~ in. the m;i.dJdlc' ofm,eOOw~2nd :.lil: the po.ln'1.. Th,e;tIJ lli~e 'hil[;,lrel~ bowainthe ~iOW'er .h;a~~ ;m~ddle~1 aad uwer naU.

• Repe{[~ on '~Iil OrO-A $1;J'I:Qgs.

• Al~opla1i' QD :mc G s:m~~ 1i.!is~nsm~: cim. of the v:io~i:[! :as ,~I;\ CeNmi, "S'n-:iing~,.[?l~y" 'd,olJiJilalc SI.opi'maa.e up oft!h.ii:l l",imanddle G string"Sil'lid play .l1,otrmaUYQnt:ti'JJe: G aDd D ~uif:'lt;s :£0£ 'rrtt~ orhu ~~d,e of ~!:movem.mt,

• Simiillady g'n d'we E 5tri:!'lg. IiIselhe :ri:m: ~S' an f:'XitJ'<IIstrin:Q:. Pia), 3, ~d.olllbl.c SlOp' made up of" me rtlJlil1!'l!d me E s:U'.ing~ and play n.()frma:I]1r~ on m~ E and A st[iinl~:;; for 1i:be orth~r ~~de of th.e mQ1,I!eme'll~.

,Aca!'nt.@d striin,g :erossiln:g

Play th:mugh die clombJe,,,s1iop sequence using tlc sTI'ingcross:in,g ¥~an!'u:::iontS t'I1a.~ ~][O'W.'.

.. PiJU~rns'~ ~.2:; rial' ha.lf IDmwiWII clJ:~ [Owct1i' bg~f, [lllidd!k~ 8:.Il!d up:ptrhalf. Then plajl' W~!l!I.~ ~O\iiii. .. Pa:tricms 3-6= Pla_y at: me heel" middle .and poin[: wilJh. ~(!:parill:elbows. Ah;o 8]!Jl ]n pairs.

!!!I Bes~n each :pa.:ttc;m. 'q~-bm ... :a;!!~Men al> d!owDlAJow.

., ,

Sealle :string crossing

~ effective W,S,y to' ;make string iCIO~iillgs sm.oath and wooded. is 'mop1::oy dmm as a dor~ble :SlOp (l~xllmpte 1). Bum.p~! suing crossings !;:Qme !rom dlang;ing from one sbillg to n:1l0ithCI too' late;play1ng !:he cf'Qssing as a dloubh:: stepremedies tbis 'by doing the eppeshe - changing.smn.g: le'I"~i. 1iOoearlr MI sm~Qm s~ eross£flg P!liSS~CS ,ea;[I be 'pmct~$ed L!l:l;~' ,this.

Amodui:!!r eH'ccdve :pm,ctice tl,;;cl'i.n.Lqut;i ;ISo te Ieave QuI:: the ~eK hand~ aad iust play ~!he bowing' pa:rteru. on opeD S"tr:iings. Ex,ampl!! 2 5hO\"18 Example 1 .played Wi.dlOIJlt the :left hand,

-

I

E~[l'y ocale: or run produoes ~[!i, O::Wil pattern W:he"n reduced to open snillgll.,Th'e :study be~,ow ,el.'nV'~iI'S 1t:l:V.(::ry ~cssibm'ty) including s]urs aCnlM two thr·ee and four notes .

• Begin'v;'ith quarte.r-h:ngdl bOW5. llear t:be h~J~ in tbe middle- of IDI:: bet\\!; and. D.~ the pouu:. Then use 1i!.ill''':]el.1~'iI'h bows nil. the IQWle!:" 11<1,lf. middle" lind, upp~t half.

~in, I}ail;;n case :t'ir.n play me whol~ ~ro.dy beglQ:!'!:tng: d.owI1-=iODW., and,w£(ij b~gitlill.Jng 'UIP-how,

• 'ThmflQ: sIQW~ medium :aod :ti:as1.

Keep the bov/t deep iill. the ~trill!~,. li,u5taining esch srroke linnD.y and jomm:g it te Ithe fiiild. wi~iib{ltlft: any break .. f.lay ali !:h,e tied ncres soUdly and. e:wnly.

9

~ .'1 :J! m tJd:(1J ffl FJg I JT m ti§

7It. , , .. .'

II

~I' W ~ JjJ Jd!idif;yfuffe flh:iJW

~ i@ ; Hit J .tffH ffi r r ~J J Jug P

17

~-3mtdtW fIl#g11Jptm~

. - , . '_'._..--

~ , '.J

• ,J • "

'- '. -

Riliht .Ann snd Hand

IRJ • ,t .MmQ:l'J:d Hand

, '~-'

About fhe tilt and the aJngle ;Qrf'the viollin tD tbe' floor

The f!,at;!li!t" me' vi:'cllin i~ L'[e.ld~ 'the miOn:: cp:mfi;lf.tahle ~t :is '[0 pl:l\.V on the E stting.Th,ere is :'I ;fuel:il[lg of tile bQ\\\' re til'i$ on m~ I! strmg'~ wbkh supports it. Themol"'e' til~ed. me violm is, the m,Qll'e (bere' ;s alieeUng of h3;~Qg to boEd.the bow ag;ai"'8l m,e E nring. Tnt"! is II oo:mmo.n, CJilU(l of pOOl '[one production a~ the E 'string.

HO\\Vev.er, me Hanel" the 'v:iolin 'is beld~ the ni:ore UDcomfo.nable it 'is to pl~y on. dle G strin,g. The right up])¢i' 3ITti, hail to be held 1I.tllIlaturol])' h:igh; rind the h:ft upper arm: may have 1[0 be pulled tn 10Q' fa,t to the right f@f the fou~g:h f3rn,g;eil to rem;b Ih~ G string ,cas-i1:y ellJough. This, lsa oo:Jnmo:n, came of U!nS\i(l~'l"

The:re:F,tr.fCj the bes.t PQS ible till: ,of 'me ",la,lin. is I)flie where the E string giv '5 suffl;r;icm sup", (.'i,n: ee Ole bow, Vl',niiJle at the swne time dl:i~ right arm snd fourth ,fin,get'can, ~3s:i]y ~acbthe '0 sltin,g. in. C'crtm pa.~l:lage8 it IS p(Jss~bh~ 'm tii.l the' vjo]m tess wheo, pJayi:lJig; On the :e S'tritl_,g,and. mort wh~n ph.l~'.ing 00 diie G '~tl'.i:nJ~.

When the body of me 'V,ioii:n is h~ld pa:r.ane~ '~O the OMti the n'~c'" of the violin Slopes, dow.n away from 'thehridge.Ther~fQ", for.ilie stmngs[o be hcrizonealthe scroll of'the violin must be s]ighdy raised. Ir is ofl:e:n b(ltrer. pa.1:t'icular]y in bigh pO$i'tti.Q:!:!~, W :p'] a y with me Sultiip :sLo:p~ng dQl!;,IU ,E(Jr;V(m:kmt' b:riJidS'I'l. wlJiic[. hcl;ps 'I:be !bow ke~p a ~,Qod poio:t of COllt3C[ nm 100 far fr(lm the bd~, This me3jns 'mat tile scroU hils to bt. raised] co'm~dC'l'~b]y. Many violinists (and pal'tk:uJarly v.io~istsll bceause of the' vtola~ e:!!,tM iellgJh and. nea'l'irlles;s) pl:a:y \ljrim me; scroll OF tbe,~m;:tr!ll:l'Il~ni: 1000 low, wh:ich ffle~l!!S, mat me bow ha~ '[0 ... It 0:.1'1 a sb;a!rp dO'IY.I¥W8:f'd 9lo:p~"

IBow tens,ionrS

A :maijo:r :faClt'Q1' in using the OOW is; the sp,ringinesi§; of 'I:be wood and ho:i[, A. 'lJ'lioilni!l:E dOQS, :nUl ~Q. !11UC'h p]a.y wirn IDe bow itsel!f. ~s wiih tihis fiOllC,Q il1.the ben,",. The feeling; 'Of playing in m.e: lo,wer ba!ifis diKeren:t from plaYing nil the upper half" because me ~n'[!jOlLI'Jt OIf'·,giVrtl: in.lhe hil,lf' afrld !'he '!'i'tmdi cimns:e.s."

At the hee:l,the h~jrgi\l'ei> and thewood of the 1;lQUl' is rigid.

Alt me p:omt" rhe weed gives !:!:nd the MiTis ;rigid"

~ '~e 'mid.!d1!e, bO'[hthic bait and the wood give eq~,any.

S~ F~~. 1.<;1 and lb~ page i, which show tbe hair bending wht;:,n,the bow is pressed down at the hee~l,iiind dre wood! bending; Oil 'm.e middle 'of tile' bOll") whenthe bow is pressed dO'Wll ar m~ poim,

1b~ :p:a~8!,ge [rom the Brahms VioUn Concereo :sbo,~!n 'below 'is pb.,lild llfll;:li. ~ bmad t!elar:M in. d]le uppt~r 1m)!, but me player :f~els the give of the wood ill! the ml:ddl,~ or the bow, It is dttl1,cull:: to pl.a!y' such S,tirok~ jltSt by r~il!ig a:b,e eontact of me bait wl.m ~:h~ s1triog'.

-~-

Violm ColtlcenoinO"'ilIp. 77, mOv. E Br.-ahm.s

Fit FE FI: tr~ t: r=rr:Ee rt!t=11

'Pig.,. 26

Th(,l fi''pp~g~le' t$. .true of ~hl.:> p~s$ge:t"mm Z~Jm6'm.d~nr, H~l~~ me' s,i>!lu~kl]tli~~tt~(M (at.mi4l~3"1(ltr.1l)' :!l!re £;L~~d dece.p Tn .• ~ S[ri:D~ ifll:lliit~IQV,I~t htl:!f~.w~tlJ a dn~~ 3m!)1I11t~ :of bow; Tt'ep~ay¢T play.s into tile ,b~~if, w~:J:iel) ~re'JJ.t4in.~ ~fultu ,··Utr~h9-'tIi 'f~'e /Q'#r ~1~1:g~" -'[t ~~ dimcu!tt to' pfu~ 'dt~ p.a'S$~ 'Oy :feel:lilg anyrh:in;g,'·i[(l,· dte. W9'Qid,l'of m.£; coW.

lig~lU:WfW,(:~C~ ~Jl, 10 1 J.s 'i" + 15m '{l f' . .f. S3irn54t~

,*fJ tiQ 1=FJS3h9ttJ:J m 19J ~ ill oiW

a 02'~ ;;I .~'

1 RieSII: the b!QwOll,th,e ·.so-il'l:g: at 'tbehGel~ ·near. 1i.Q ~.h~ r1t~~ .. finger.

;P:')I}S~ :the ifu<1l~rinw the ·S'ttim:g b.;;a\li]y~ wj:rno'!!JJ[: mo~dJlg a]Qtlg m.!: smng/l;b~ ,yooa lOf !tbe b01NWllla31J!~, 'riga whi1~ m.el.u!irg~ve$. oomlf'.ie'tlt-1y. No. ,a.rnO,W'lt o:f pressure altc;r~, ·t:he cu:rve· 0,( ;m.e. bOIlN~ whlleme lh:;ilrr tb;f;;.llds·· where it 'rollimes tbe 'sttilli~.

,2' D:o the. sa:m~ n~ar~he~o-~!:rt. Pf~SSl!~tb~ :n:11Iii~d.o1iVfii:l1'J.'O the "$u"i1'J,g'l:J:ea.V'Biy.

The haJ.v i~ ]'!I.QW ~~Illple:~eh~ l'~gkj'l' Whiltl .th·c:\ wO(ja.gi.'!le~ ~];ly in me: nrldd;ie-'91f tl1e· how; No..@miJU:rlIilllif P[t:S$tltt will] 'bil:n~'; [h.e bairwh.ere ititOJu.c~.ftS tb~ s~if!:g:.

3:Pres~~»wp i;~ cile nIlt~.d!~~f theb0:~ wMl'~ bblih "tlii)oQ·artd. ]hair ,g_h!'t: ~,q1llJal!ly.

4 StiU wj:thotlt pla~tillth. p.ie~s arowl:'i m~tW tim-e~, a c.en,timc!t:N:or ;~o -a;pa'rt" ~p and ,d'!'twn the whdl'~ l;fQW"

Nouce aill the d1ffere!)i~ ~'n~,u)]:t$ 9f .g;i:ye hi!: '1be: hair jii:ndW'~ , '

5 r!ia.yi~ f on W)~ :I1()~.pby sholr:t: ~Q'Wn- aflJd' lllIp-bo\",s, .ar m.e h~l~ .ln l':i~ :rnid~I~:aI1Q: 'at t.he pljmt MQi~!Cie me !;H;!ief;'eru fe;eJ ·Qif!J:!.e. woQCl":!3na h;dw ii;t. e;!.l,:;lb.·pl~· in ti)!@ ipoul"'.

if! Pial' whule bQW~9.n Mch ·~t(iagtP~;;I}.]~~ he.;wi1:y 111'[0 me :!illck. 'i:lfl,dlihe' ·h'sd;(:.f!ee[ tl),'c saline' dI~!:lgi!lg .pr(),porti~t;J;s @£',~~e lli. Un:;,d:i'lie"~l'lt ·.:l!.!:,e!J~$ ,ofthre bow,

Striing tensions,

Thoe: rr~cuon. o:f me bow lin,d~s :!3.Il!il: .iP'tl!s~es 'the·'stt.i1)l.g firom.side·~Q siclc,A m.a;gni:f.l.ed~ !SI.ow~marl.Qnf'l:1mot a 'bO\'\I ~Str,uk.~ WQu.ld..sh,~~M 'm:a~. dlUdng me dow.i1""'bow m.e. b::i!!.i:l: 'carcne*; '~I1g- 5uing'·a.-OO .p'JJU~ i~~othe, l'~iI~.,. Th~ furmel' me, ib~ pulL<:, gr' "l;;i:ends/the strbl!l;, di.e1 m~w tlte t~'tJ.si:otl of m.'(1;sn:ing itlcr,e::!ses Wltj] 'rl'le ~Qs;i(l~is tuch -ri:Ul:.[ ml.: :SiT.ing g'Ol.ddenly snaps bS!c-]:_;,T1~e h~i:[ m$~i!l"lli!Y ~1!!tPhes tb~'strmg tilti<i!f]" .and. ,rl'!t ~bdol~ .pu~'~ ~i:l<ip-1:;I<lek" c .. t1Ch! ,-,epe-a~ an l.nt]ftiifenUIiliiber Idf limes. The 1l.p;,b!Jw PU~I1e5 tJiii:O 8:trill$ ~() th~ ~ert: ~~i1 the reris;ilZ)n!s s:uth th<l1l: the flItr.mg ~.tt<J,lrs, b1lict., [f 1i:e"b~ i~ d.[FiiJ,:jfri ":t"60 qui.ckl:y (it H,i]nlJ d:l,e.,eh ... wh!~l'li~g SJl~nd ~~ca1J]sc~me :b~,11[ ,skids m;,"t~ 'me· sl;n::f!ll~~ ·of m~ ~lr][l:g wirtliQ'l.Ii( c1lItcni:r!!g it. t'o;o mw;i'l< pres!f1!1!r;e ~.c!~c~~ :;11 fQttl, S¢r1li~ ~,und became: dl~s:lI;l:tler C~li"fIqrm6yc frec:1lf Froil11 sid~[o side: 'Ufid"~r['i£'.al'tn: 'th~ 'ha:ir,

lu Id:I~~cJ!;."C~i~.c rn~ hair(3a~C"les .. · .pu[1o;,~ll!d! '!'Cl~1J~e!l the. sttlJ1:g O[[lij~ 'alt,;! ~inle,wh.ict! :Pl'Qd,~lceS· il. ~cliC:R\l1!Dl:i:nd. Thfs:~cll<ckl is m~ ~{MJl]d, at th~ .li'U~ br.!g.ir.iI;lii:t1:3 ·of slrQi!tc.smc..h as '-UifUf mar.~tlf~ o..t; mrp;iy 'a:,rent-ed Istro'_[.;efu

llWim.ourt JrtOYlng da.e: bow<'l~'Q[lgthe s.tl:~im;g" Uip 'rileScuing\!(idri til.,eba:ir b)lP~singh.~a""il:y. Ar. the s!QJme' time l'ie~il/tQ pull Wle-" sJtIi~g U!' t.he tjgl~1: as slm~'ly as:.p-ossiblle (1Fi;g" 26) .

. 2 GJl:adua'J~y ]1J.e-fe~!ie tl~ ·t~ns1'Qn of li"l<2; stdng:' by PliJmFlJ,g iit m.ort.~ framiGill hy tFll(;doG" ... um:i~,[hc n::n;skl.ll is, :'i1il~h.. 'l:h8~: .~.~ :sWing :illi.l!dde~l~ /SfiaPS uac~ w"i:m, Ci'I '$i:l:M(,} ·j·cl:ic:;,l:t:~.

3, DQ n~~ ·M1ea,-c· l1ne 'bO'w 1I!!'hen the 5:lriillg IiJiliaps·b.a'C.k; 'So iliar~ ~1fIt, b~jW ,catches, the i$,1:~iilllrg 'llg.aTn.,reiluhifi:g: J[l !iI ~JMtiiIlIllOU$ o<li~c:h~.I?IJ:U-cii~k~~21tth~·~l.d~cUiC,k-C9td,h~ p,t! U-dkl-c:a;lch" pu_U-eJkl{;-"ea:~c~" etc, Do&ls ,a,!; 3~()'Ut oll(l~ cli(f.il;: .ptt ~eooIld,

4, ~ ~be: 'Mfm~ un th¢·~p-'i;l9'iv·by Jll.lj$hing. ~ &t:ring, roth.e 1,>cf~, Th~:.ri; lb{)l:;l!id b£ Jl.~I:$Q,l;In~, ojlh:~1: J;$!131l1 o.l'Iesi"it;g_i;:: <cU~k '3:[ 11 lim~, .l?~ctise all. theheel, middle and P·lJin~,. ail different {USUlnCes tt"wm

the'bri~e;, on !;lSl~h ~~lng.

Ril'son.ance

Avery short, resonant note, s.uc:'n 3~ rt'ti:l,ld! .ftrlll]er'D' olillme ,/I;. S:U~l:igi; nrng,s OD. alter'the end. or rite nor..:. The s.ame: fl.mti p'laYI.l<(;IIO:F.Iger· sihQ~ilQ r~n:g ibl:1';i'~f '~be note, as ';"wll as. ~fl:er the' [lOire stops. 'IODll ]lruduC'tiQlI'I is alw-:ays, 'Em!'!,a:n.Qed when the :p~:aycr linens as much to 'me ba;c!kgroiJnQ rC50tm.tillioe as ;to the princi,pa] sound.

Ilxuc.is.e .~

This is a ';;cry simp:le but e:ffcc:tive exercise. Ptu.ck mt srriiog welllQ Ilaak,e a fun, rounded rrote, and Un'en to Iherrrl\g. Suzuki calls this:ril'l\i the LIT-fiC !Sound of the string', TIleR I:is:ten fbr r:h~ sl)m~ :ring b~ the !!.QiIiJt\d whule :pl:a.ymg ib.e~ nete wh:.b :r:lllii: bow,

~~lJ'clse l

1 WllhOlIt ~~ib:ralO~ pl~y s: 'Very shorr strOke' arrili;[l heel (bat 1 ) ... LUI ithc bowimnu~d~ate]y (indi01!.ted bl' l II ') and I:isJ~en 1:0 dilJe sound rillgipg on .for a few' seconds 8irel,"W.ards, Find how to pbiyme:nme 00 mat j,t hilS ri1,c lCln!;)e:~~ possible ;rIf,lg. MlklesllJ[l'~ ~.ha~ liw: D ~.~ pwc~tly in. milt; ~.r;id\DI fu,~ openD',

1 Pla.y longer and [o.n,g~'[ srrol,\;(!S (ba~ 2-5). Lisu:n ee the :ring d,ur.itJg me note as well 3:S :!i.firerit baili ended (hars, 4-5).

~: C:I:l!\rJ:l,giq btnlO' dir'l1lc:cio,n (hairs 6-8h join Me end. of oii'ile il;trok~ Wl1d]y into the be~jmliing Cif the ,next wi.diJl),ut "'".y break 0':1' disturban'c:e [Q the !l.o,ttl, and. then lift off; listen 00 [he ba;r;;kg:mund dng du.dr~1 111 ,b,owcJulr~ge.

4 I)liI~ cOI£l:~i:c:U.llfOll.tIi sitrokies wfuthout lifting Me bQW (bilr '~). Lis1l!cn to the three di.r~[jt siQ;unds, d1!1U '1l1ake up dre tone: the ac[ual r:1:~re you are p]aying" th,c sudace noise of thee h~~[ Oillthe stdt'lg, 3lIid 'me ecatinuaus, bal!:::li:grOl,uld ring ..

r

Using: any .fii:1,&etlOO G, D~ A or E, p]~r 'tile esercisc OD. dilffl.'reI!lt soundpeims,' on each string. in vaii.olJis POs.i.hons,

~ Pfay several !HIO~ in one bo.w .. Hfii.ngtbe bow 3J )il~tle' o,JJ lh'c ~mlJg between each ~[mill~, Listen ttll i~e oontitluQ·t;lS· b.~cJ:r;gfQI~:nd(rung·~ 'both Q'ut,in,g '~he sU'O:ke...s: ,an,d between the strokes,

.~ r~1IY me .sam,e; figure with "the: bow 'firmly un: the 5.tr"i1W aU the itii!il:1.e:~ s.topping ttll::bow 00 tbe :Slfin,g between eaAih streke. Lisiiien. to the backgr'llUnd rm~l during the .~HlO·IreS> .]00 while it:h~ bow hasseopped on the string bC1W'Ct.'11I I~be s.u"oke5.

3 Do die same on ,e.Qcn soundpoin'tj• m:'~n near !':he 'brfd~' where ir is d:iffi.cul'11 t:o catc;;b ~e 'string because me string i.s so hard, and at rh~ :Ilng~bo;Ud where it: i,~ difficlllr. 'W (:1I~c.'.hi the stringbeca.1I:Is(:!~ it is :;,0 S,Q:ft.

I,

G~n@rill (ont.lct exercises

·~SwndfX)lll.tl ;D~·;;iI'

ToneProducrion

, !i '(1;IU!htn!., that yau ~t IM!~ M!!!,f~1nCf ,m II "l;iJ~d· np~. ,tt~agrne 11!Jy,"It.;Wt:!Lt!d~!'!d u !~t:l~¢'!h<!: ... ,,:iI~ tMteild of boeingl Ian empty '~lli~ 00 •. , \trere (1IleoI ~lid. lhm. ~I II M~

~!J(1'i ~~ A~ !t~llJ ~!.!id bI:' ·dead' ...... h;n 'p'OIJ ilr~ ni?lJ..io'lt) Irtl:!!ftll~ ~ ,", l1Kt ~I!I(E' - ~US~ 'Rl;!t.~ 'I"I~~ il!l fr.a.m 'ii\lll!' l'liilii.i!l!l,

'. ~

:B1Iii::re~s~' 4

This ,exercisei$. 'lruI:'t ,gcod fot i:mprovili'iii!l ~,isreiliilling~ ~nd, greatly ~n,cre~ses l\.i,chnc;~s ,or lone. l;ist;:e\n.tQ 'the lIeSClflIancc o:f 'dead" aetes (Le.~ H) <IS ~L] .. ~ "live' Ii.ot:e:!';, (i "~'jj 0). D~ A, Ell.!

1! 1~'1I!Y the :I1!fS:l I;iIObo \Vim emphasis, lif~ me h()w~ land [ISleR to the :ring.

2 P~:ay the fin:r.rwo notes .s'm!oomly ooi!uD.e~l[ed!wi[h ~n emph<l!sl.s on the second, Hellr M!I.'; r:i,ns during th-eti;rs:1;; no·te, :;;JJnd a (1m: Il:'tIlil s.oJilicond :nQ.~.

l P]ay m~ fl;f5~ m~ee nQIte's ~D10(}tlt1¥ coon<e,;;:t~d~. with aneltlp:i'lasis- onll:l,elhiiri.1,.I~e,ar' m.t dog d;lUilfi~ the Ar5t and second :f.Iol~e~ <tu.d afrer the liiitd, St()j;) on 'me fO:l.lrmi, fifth. netes, etc., '1;lliP, t:fi:I!e- scale,

. ,

.:

First pl~y wi;thout v~b'['3tQ.~im~r;I!g fQ.:r. ffl!lxlilDu:m ~~Q.rnmo~ wimml! bo~1!' only. Then use~ilxatol. pru,ti.(j!1l~1'IdY' v:lb,rtuling thel;~s~ note a~ rbo!Jgh '(he vi.lYr(l'tQ~m ma~e me ~SQ:o~ntt lID1f ~!ongc[',

:Pl~ on. each $rt!"i:r!ig in, ]o'i!"',.m.iddi,e ~nd h~gE1 :po~iti()ns. Thi£.is also a good. !prllc'l:i~ t!edln~que f.'Qf passages fiam m", g'.~l:lJ.oI.':rnil![epe.r:moir.c •

IBow tiilt

The t:i~t ·Qf~e 'bil)W ha'(l W b~ahemd fr:equ~t1diy" Mol't: hair: 1'5 used fdi! me~rrO'fI:geSt" ll1ick.e:st and doope5il mn~. less ha.i:r for. p.layi;l'ljg mo.e J1 or dolts. Uft:edl strokes ~po'flid di:lIel.'Ciln.lly w:ith dlfl1~l\li:nl!. mnOllnJt~ or ba.l!:". 3:n,o, iI! th.~]ow~tqu:a:rt""'r ·of 1:1:l!{J bO\'V~ml'lf.'lY s:[(~kes. woill:. ,m,ore e~sny with! s~i.gh~ly tilted! ha:ir',

• T.1\t,.. l':i':Jerci,s~ ah.ctf:tarcs fliaJl ~Si~r Mid 1~.iJlr,ed 'hair (wood tiHedtowa:rds tlle ringillrbQil(ril).,. Run tlllf: ·oow betrwee:[IWle '5ny::rs tJCl ;1idju!lt tMle;rum.Ojj~[: of h3jr~ iifJ.dg!he a :~i:uje hand m,ow.memif~l1.~t (~~!s :!POtil: 'QQmfiOn8bJc .

• ' rl~y ooruinl!l!O!U!ol.vb.o;le 'bows" u!p :1Itllid down, On. one 1'1.0'1:<: .. Tb~ rolle w~l] be tk:Mr 3ndthh:::k<er dng me tllU h3Jir, but $h~u:tdremam even 9]]d~too!flgth:_W1JghQut"

• First play me ~Kel'~!~e-on $OUI.ldpolnr 2~meFl oil 3 and 4.

T :=·[i]led ]!.airF "" ilLtllmilr !!I:::::::6Q

v

JI :F ~

'. T F-

s,tmpr8j

"" ¥'

T Iii' TF T F T F L...-j'---l 1.-3---1 TF TF TF

T

y___---~~~~---=--

1....-3~ "]I' F "f

T F T :F

T FT. P

TF'J'F

T F T iF

1!---·3___...,J .F T F

~I pi~a.y Qlt'i:f:.liiNlid-fl:!lit Cioifibifiati~,~ in a, bow (b"'IS ,[ <2:), dii~d~ng me bO\", e';;::acit!y :i~to~~!ye:s.: nif1r~";ibowlowc:r. liH:d.f tihed., upp:eri:udf Ha·t

:2 PlliY twO i]1i a bow (bars; 3-4), di",d:i:n;gin:~Q 'e"I1~~ quarters.

]I P.lay tb;l:\ee~ f'Our'jsbr~ ,:lind e']gh~ ti]t.ed-fl,~t roll!lib~I];<I!I,iol]8: .in on~bOMi'.The ~l\C1lImpl~ ~O'W~ :ItS f;aras tour ~n eaclTIl!;low.

4 .Repeat dle 'e!re:ocis.etliJeo~er w~y lOlJili!td, ~eg!:n w;lil:flfun h;l.ir; Down";bow Low~~' ru;rlf :f.I .. t, ~pper half lilted

U1p":bow UPP~f ha:]f f]3[} lower bali 'tti]red~ ere,

(i'scvab:ious, l'iIi)tes~ :in differem P.OiilllloO!)Sion ,e01cit :fiitting:.P.~;a:li' .double S;[(DPS as \;VCU "IS ll:in~le l'.I:0i~e5.

Truie Legato

SOml!'tinl!$,yO'I1 bi!l.vc to use it sligh[' pO(rtal;Q insteud 'ofIrue l'e,gato~ for ptIOj('Ctl.OJl orchult.y. 01' tor' musical ['~1liSQDS, But o~(l'inarily tlhe- $n'ok.es should be endre~1 smoQm~~nd thc:venh:i!'!1l: fmg,ar i.I.e[~onssboullCllnot ~frect the hOri:ZOiDbil bow stroke,.

11 Play whole bo",,* un d1,e op.en, SlEnn&J "very C\~l'\b'nd ,solidl,:]:.

:1: Still plal'm~ op~n string" and silmdy fiifigu ~e:adjac:el!t s~dng, (wriUM <illS x=II:ot,c::o;). Moll'(' fhe rmg~s 'lMiitbJ :(t f~~i~ :aDd dcchiive ,Slction ;iI;r,ld'l'iridl viibralu, iKeep the f~~IlhO:,§; (and ~nu.Tld) (.fIE tl:n,e ~Yl!j[lfi~S ohbt! bOlY play,il:lg The open string.

1 B~],w and fin~~r toge[h,~1t on. th~ sarne strmg, TIle bm'Ving ghouk! ,renmi:n:II j\']iit {l]s ~!jI~D, a.nd. SQ;iWl as before,

Apply Ime s.ame :rnerJil.od to alii ~ t''''O-D.Ol:c nog-ering :possibilhies: en. 0.2· 03 04' n2.]3~ l4~ zs, 24' 34, Kilso pl:a,~Qn 'the other stt,in_g:s .. and in ~ow~ .mhldJ"" 8nd' Amgh !POSltiOfls;.

'PradIce m@!tjh;od

'fbc clI,crcise' iml;;I\[ii')'\i\f}S ceduiqlJJt:: o.~~[3Jl" o,lilt it ean ,['1[90 bt:llI:ppHtlQ ~S ~n o:l:dinmy pU[ ('if l~;llnling ~r practisilngilllY le~:m :pasS:lg, mn m:e ,e:H:Elittlple from Bmhms. tiu~r the Dotes :llorm:aUy on the E and A Slil:jn~" DUI: bow on IIhe' open .A. and n stt"ililgN, o.r :playit the ome!t w.ay mURdo fi_ngerj!J:f, on Ime A stri['l.g wnii.c 'brlwin,g ow ~e: :!B 'suillig. 1m I!.b~~ Gri-t'S" bow th,e O~1l G wl:~b d~D sooQrhy wfi~me :Il.er,j,n:g~il~:tIr£~T QII the D string. 'Th,~ s:trobs fin th,e Ol'Ie'n Sll':in:g:> :ID.un:lld sound legato nndk.mtbl..'d. by ~he silem fuij:ering un. 'Ih~ olb,¢r strinw.;.

This: t)·p~ ,of prl!~ :llso gives g'oodi'$8ults wi;1ih die Ibow kept On. one string. I;!:Veo. th(''lUgh ill 'me G,ctiJI~ passage it: era es &om, :stl'mgtQ sillring;

CbOOSOfi die: ffiarurQ; op'. 15. ilQ,. 2:

EI_pr

r' I

r

~~===

r

Tone Production ,

~e:iI'C\i5~,2

• Sl1!~GiJin the tJ(I'l~nG l1h:['O'%l~outwllliiit: IilltUln:g tbe :l'i~'l:SUp t1t.1id d.o'W.n. whule: ~ell~.:tfl.

II P,eelli the smoQduncssc arlJ:!IevefllDle$~ of Ilw bowt oomple~.e~y 1:11'ulisl,ub~d by the linge:rllictiQIl. I. Thenpb)"me sc~:~e norma~ly~ fee~in~lhe s~rn,eeV'enness in lite 'bc,w.

[~.1

~. '

,ill 'I I ~,I ." ./I

~ ..•• ~.;, E ~~. g n).::::g

=j"',5 3, F""""- ~~

I[u]

$itrobs can be 'started. frcm .Iioo..l€: 'tbJe fi,tring or n:efJ.ll o.L1 dlll: string. The}'C!U11 'be:g;iIn (1) with a shalfiP :lit!t!lC'k. or en W~I:h We $:a:m~ S~!1!ild a.s the :reo..sf of tbe s:l:foke; OlI' 0) w.¢Y can be,g~nimp~JM:ibi]yj-$o th,a~[b¢ fl!('S( m:ii'I~!1lC'tn:: ispp,. th~· S(;C:il(!]d, l;1J.nIID:u~:~eis .~thC' llhiOOi ~ and so 'OJ!, Th~s .g.i'l"~S <lin iWII:ncd!i::w~ btl! ~ry s,m,oori:l.oogin:lltng t:O iI not:e.

PJay :l7epe1litedh:l1Jf.n.ote$ (m.inims) (lil:l! O~'lie nCJr~~ a~te:rn.gting d.~ln-:ind u]l':bo'\W,s, s~pa:rated. bY:<I ~st,

~ n V n V etc.
- ""' - ""' -I
=A J J j
-s-. Fir!>[ pJIlY inmelo\NCr h~lf~ men:in tl'l~ :mid.cllI,e, ane! [hen it'll. (be tI]fper oolL Ineaeh ,f:llliea Qfdiebo,wj ibegm c:<Jci1. ~fl:'!(:i.ke ,2Ji:.l f<:iili1m'l",p.layil;'l;g ~l:,"ca:::d '~lf eaeh type hl;f~Cl.tc c:n:an,ging '[0. the iI:l{'~K'I::

1 Smoothr'ji.mpc,rc(:p,tl.blc bc.gl.1tningto c;:u:h, noee, pI:dIcin:g the bow 01:11 r:!l:eiUf:l,ng before p~:ay]ii:'I' 1!'he, ~troke',

:2 S:I:lIm oMlt:i) impefc,",plll1JI.e. b~glinl:llii:lls:)!;t*lir.~ fmrn ~bg,w ~he s~.in:g.e..~~rlmcnl: w~m. dUi,-":U::i:lI: ql~5 {II! descem~ (tom G:Il'IOO'W, (I:ikeap~iane ,apprOQcQ'i,iUli!l; ;a, run~vay) l~oaIMOS~' v~rrmcaUl, f..x~r.in~ent w.idi dilJ)c:rcm sJ;loi.:!!:ds, of de$OCflil, :from sllJ~:V U} Ve'f}' Iast,

3 Cle3I~ ardrul.<!il.ed 'begitmmgll 5t~U:'tm.g Qn Ule ~lriJ!t,g;, The very beg'!~'Mtin:g; of the stI;rQ.ke 5hoy]dsOMd Cl<acrlyrhc same ilS, the :>f!!J:rld thlItri0lwYo'fS.

4 CieOlr" <l!.tkubtcd begi:l'ljni~g. ~t .. rting[f{m') ~:b(!\\'C[I)(l ,~rr.ing.ExillcrimC!cElt with diitrtrcl1;1: ~fli:;\;,iI!l 1I![)1l s:n,g,m~5 Oil d.@S'Oem:.

~; 'B;itle' ~e' beginn:ing of 'the :l!U."O!!':~1 'I~ke a mg:r~cJe~ i)ll~c~flgtb~ bow 01111 fhfJ: $t;l"ifli&l;l,~~!)~ l:Je~gimlm.~ me 's:UO.kt.

6iBitemle beghmjng of '~lle ~trQke~ .s-t:a.rdng: lI:O'LU, Sibove:lh~~[ring. T,lli!s .is Olle of '[~re" IHOst

puw~rtW ilUl.l,f;~.

PJayo.n eac:h! Sill:Jng~ :a:n.d in d~lIer;em. PQ!l~tiiQns- !;i)OO aU:_!ld, haslo be :sl:ig'bitly di,(ferem d~'pendi[lg '1l11 tn,;: tilic'me:s5 and ~,~~gm (vr ,each s.tflng .. A~so p1ay clalJi.bk:stop5 lOTI cflcn .p3.k or string::l w.il~ ~h.!: same ~ix ;I;U3Ck$.,

fle's;c:b s.lId G!I~!1JIIl~ian) 'JUilOngs( o:rn"':rs. divided ·tlle -<ir,ea b&~r1[Q,ebcidge and tb~ fin~board (lkn.QWIl; ,ill> tb~. ;point:!lf~ontact)., inth five'SOjlll'1id!poirl't~-': Flesch ,cal~eda:b.e:m '!I~ 'lbe

!Bridge'. 'Neishbourbood Qif~idge~tba'!: ~s: 'b(ltween Br1dg:e I!n_(j ,cmn! p.~!1.t', '·al 'th.!:. ~Iltlial paintJ'~ ~NeigibOll1Ib~ Q~ Fi~rb~uINi!i 1Ih!H: .~::; bCl:\'fli:l:tI1 fin!i,~tbo'3;i:d ~n~ ¢e~'u.!'i~1 pomt;', '~r ~e,Fm.~erbQ;Md','

Pig. 27a shows the.. DV't. sOllricdplJ'J~m'S.1n. b~ p!O$I.rrD.1)'fl .. ,SifilC.e th,e :beightand slope at t.h~ bridge: ,..arrl~s- from iil~~l'1Ui!ll~i: to :insti:'um~IiIi~ ih£; C'~'CI: p.lac~ £o:r ,e~ §{l;undpofnt :may b"@ difl'tr,;:nlt

When e:xmtJses· !.Ising all five :sm.Hiapointg, ,are piayed'in l:1i~ POSiti,OUll" (he: ~ou'!l.dpoint:li h~I;"ew be ~que~edi. closer and. ~.osc.l' te 'the ibndtw a'S :t.he le-ft lmnd! p.],,~ ldg;hel: anrlltigheiC' U:P m.e sldn.g, F:iig. 27b snQWS 'the five: s:ouHQPoims ill 9tli position.

N3mmg the 'Soul'l.dpoinUl, i!l' us:e;fu~inrlea,chingJ making itp\\)s ·Ib:]e: 10' caU (l!lR "Three', 'l:lwor j !Ul:d 50 O~ '!\'"bile dl~ ,student is playing.

In Dow po.;,ljLi.O~'fi:S}.l~~:G ·~jJJd 0- .UEmgs.<'lil't: to-o thk.k -aDdl1tam to ft:spiJnd ,e;;"",U'y 'I,~htt.n the: bew ts :ver'Y close ('@ '!.he 'bri.d~e, Nei3ir the· ~gef-bolJlldl the Armel E· stl',inp '.iii! '00'('11 ¥·oEtw be ,~b~e: 1:0 take mln''e' than mirumllfn pres~'W'·c. tr~'Otu'~:sUirls: ,choms sound ~~tiC,et' wh!.·en the ~'o't!f'er strm~:i: ·;;mc.bo\!"'1;)d· :fuil"rh~r :fmm tb!iil' b:lidgt.l~ lI!fi.d the up:pet'.S'~riI1gS closet' 00' 'IiIe 'bridge.) N'hcrmd~s1 "\lh'lii'j\~VI.ill!Cpo~bJe p]ay th'ei :e-K'e.rcjges at ,ever], ~Usmnc'e &o.m me btidge.

DOl L~O~ use ,ope,u .!&1.J'illtg'5 wl:tJen playing lOne '~~fc'ilies fin. ·one :nMc; sm.re [hey ri~"ealJ,jl~ ,U'l.:!rway, Begin ''''1m. :r~On:imtllotei'i .~1:Ich, as third fiilig~f D uill. the A s.Ulli,f.1;'~ and then '.dea;d; aetes sum a'i second, ~1nger "C if"

Practice m.ethod

N!.l'l'mall~' '(be bow. 'p~a}'s oj, di£reren·t wtlndpqio:rs hm note 'til note, and, (1'Q'lI! phrase to phrl:ls.e. To ;experimelli[ wi:th;rbe proPOl."u.oJ):fofsp'Ccd arid Pl'eS$ure, 'keep rhe'bow on Only' l)1:1:e; !lO\Uldl~Oii:n:E at.a I!iJrn.i!. Alii. llitli!' .~otliodpointi. l1efeue:d tio It. tbiisexel:'cise are Irom 1 ig, 2-73,.

10 Desio Oil. s:mmdp(lin:D: 5·. U se flist'! ~i.ght :snok(!;!i. Ey fin<l~I:ijl~ eli;ac~ly rhe righ~ speed and Pr.c:;:s!tt!.!l malui the iStr~~"t,gS, vihr~te: .tn.v:idei]y as po!S-si'b,le·~ with. ;l;rmgmg}.r.e!>~n3;riU tl(.m~.

,I R:1.!.p>f!at '~i2 :p.ht:a!>~ OifparSS~!~ pl~ymg itlu,ty ~W! ~o'Yoopo:!n't 1:. AIImf)ug'~. il'iiU :l'tiS~~ ,~n.d.H(!;h~~ tb~'b"OW w:i]I .L1:ii'W need t"O ee ifilh~t· :slowell :tHl{~ .hel!ilfllia'~ Ftn.d ~1:a,cdiii' th"~ iti~li[ s;piZed and JI~~$$Ul\e to make me' fl.fm~ ,!,iibr,art:e as widell/' Iii> t:u'~:1,li~bl. ~.

IR'41caJ on .s'Ou!!Jd_PQ.m~ 3. 8;.rww I~be bow pi'.c~ure will be sigoifi;oalildy bcavieT than it \!I'l!I~~ on . '~{j'lJfldp()i[lt: :5. and. the spe,eci af bow sl~,t::mT!!i' - ,r;ither Ils·e.Less bow or !iJow down tbe '[,cnl!po. FInd exactly [hI::: lligbts~d 3i1l4 pre~!iu[~ toma.keibe' 8trlOig.~ vlbr,a:re .as, wid~1y .as possible •

• R .. ;peat~1.l so,l.lodpl!!i':ru 2. No·\V thebow p[1~s.!!ii"~· ~':i!J ha'li'~'~a be C:nf'.Iil;"jid,el'able)\1l~ '!!be bowspeed mueh slm~~.P$~y 31t R $~~'~!." rempc, Simlit 'Ib,e bnw bJ;ia~Vn¥ i!I:1'EQti:l.e ,s[]I'il:tgS'J f~~]li.n,g th~dLi:t:r~\,,"el1:E 'g1f'l'\E' o·f: d1:~ hs\!:ir oo.Q.. w<lod' (!·f I~;e b(~} FirJ,d,ex~'eitI¥me-ri~r' sp~ .. f-ind. p~e..~U'I"~i[t;l!J'l~~C the'~lliilrnii!U' v~blt'3'lie· aSi 'Wi~eliy '!I£ ~1{lo:S!!;jb.[;e"

Ii :u: pO!l5ifbLe, reQeat OIl ooi!ndpoHII ] . Ylay m;e p1l:r3SC: or pa-SS1i:.~t; at 11 !le!l""y !!olow ·~m:po. The b)cwn;'pced. wiD ha'll;~ tobe !:~!!'illi1.'!.ly :lJow, 'jbinp tOt; bGW ptess1.u,e .e'l\:u"elue.ly heavy .. Flnd.cxacl1, ['hoC :r:ight speed: . aud p:reS:S:llf·t= eo '.miake 1Ihf!! M:ri.ngs 'I,I'ibnite SiS widel.,¥ as pos'siblc:.

I ~.;;rll~t,'1: Pt{.l~Jji ~ '~i1f1';!Rro~ In ~'l _ f~Y.·.~ (&t~n·a",dt"'l • ,g:gn i.3

I ~ &Jw £ei'r.51(lf15; P~1l35

Sound,points

:Sound:point: eX:'SRiise:: wihole bows:

in ]O'l\! pos~ci,OI1S tht ,stri_n,g t'S hlLni a:J1d :iinflexible near me bridg,e. 1Ln;,d the ben" 'Ms '[,0 h!'l drm'fl( sJQwb';md he:3.vUy, Near the finger'bo.ud the !Suing Sdl\i'll!3 tOI the sltgbleslt pl.\eSSUf~, and~h<e bow has: 10 be draWirl quk~ and 1~lhdr. Enoua;b ~ss.'ufe bas, to be used [01 ~~~ m~ ~trmg;" lnu 19{1 m~ol1 pR1'~I.J" C9nS'm~, Itbesi,dt!'"tto .. sid~IT!,O~JIIl;nt of the s~ri"~ and cl'Iokes, me S1oW!~d" Far' a ,pure 'E,'(ifie, 'p~e$~ur.c:: is anwlI),s ~ !l~ rnt~ch as l:j't,'\~15'(Uy 101" dlt bow speed.

I Draw conW:i;YQI.I!!:! w.hOl!! boWS' up and. down OJ] so,undpoint :5. Play w:tthOll~ vibrato.

Ti;y WI;or'e'and less pressuee, and faster!llltl!d, slO\!j'er1\)oW'spood:;, (0 flil1d which (;'OImibiml.1ion, oifspeed and pressW'e makesthe s:tr1l'1,gviibmte me widesl!. '\'(r!i,~ ~e $tri~'l!g vib.T,ate~ as W'e~[I, as U'S;[tlnl:f.l,g. O!IIJ.ly a little 'f:xLn prr;ssure nwalf malt:;: me 'Stt,mg vti!Jmte less, ();I:' ]ust 3. ~itq:ffie f',[!Jl[~r 1,ow ~~r [(:t it 'vlbmte .n:iDi!tC, etc.

Z When you ,are: sure the speed and preSSllnl .!lIFe e;;;!lctly rh~h.t, I .. c;) the \';bt".l'ti.on of th~ stri:n.g is .u t~ ,,,,,ides!!, add a liul,e: v.tbmm. 'LiStri:iIil. to th~ NSQIHlllICe of 'me' violin ..

3: S:tu.rt:ag!iin, an 9!JlJllldpOllti 4: withO'U'I: vililHlIt(). .Find '{be [,ight balance of !>pe~d afldi p(~s,~re to mate the stting ''!i'~br3;t.e t~O ~1:}1, maxi:rnllnl;i1Dd Iltm add 'vibmlo:. DOl th~5ame (VI:! w'Undpo,mts. 3~:2 and .~. Each 'time 'me bowi$ pl.~Ged nearer '[0 me brid~e" use a 'Slo\Ve!l' lJ;ow w.i~h mQ,r,eprc:. .. ~t.lrr~.

To SlllY on one !;Ooundpoim: 'th~ bow mil:l:~l be 'e!tiM~tly parsJl£l, 'm me brid~. Thesou:_nd 'should be eil/riRly P-'i!m!:lIIrlJd] ~iiOJ.i3jU all die dme" Ni'otke. how '(he S:]iigil.l@!l't l~R~SS p!res~Yir,e m!!!i;es. me w:iidtb,Qf me stE'il'lljl vibflliLj()iJl tile9ittower.

P~a:y noW on '$i'!cl1!s'~ing i~ low, middle Sill.d high, po,s:itions:, where you. hmr,e to s,qOOtt:l:4; the sou[ldp!J~;)t~ C:IQ$otr CQ me ~id.w;: .• I\l:s-op:iay double SlOps.

iili

r r r

:JII

I;) ,

n:f

41:f

" '

f

Pr

f r r

1

err

.If

4J~"

1 .r~ay·'l'ii.ilio!:!~ 'vibr~~Q, Begin ;aJ[ (he po:iH!:on:sou!l1dptO!in~ 5~ ll,'.dng [en ort:we:nv~ ,ceU[I~l1len·esofbow. Play Slarl'lieU or rnltty-l'l!;"O ~[[,U~S Olt' nIClftt, m.o!;iD$ the 'bow' quickly and. ]~~tly ..

Asio.l!:reroise tJ.4~wSl~:ch.the s:tdng vibtate~s. wen i:illS nnell1mg, 'Notice hi~w 'me ~illighlcs~e~cess pn:.S'SUIe miliJi(l;ll ~l:hc~triQ@i ~ibil:<lJ~ lii::!i:>, 0([ hew jUSt.;i1 litl$l;; W;;:ss P[ti:;M~lnl (Oli lit:I.tlll'~bmv) lJiIIay IDilI.keit Vii!b~ire m.Qioo.

:2 Sn~.~<i:ng iI~. r~-e POii!:U aIlId w.idlouii. sio~pittg tbe;st'roki::$~ movem so!.LL:!idpa~n,t 4'3iOJd .in :1U!y thCftC U[lri~ ~ :I'iw.a,:·the cO{lillol:m:ltlorf:IJ of ~pi:cd. and .. P~:s.$u:re [h~t mt;jJ~e$ :rr.hlii sniflS, vib!{~tt; the widest:.

3 Do,mc ~~ on "'@U'll.d!POi!:'lXll 3, 2 .. nd L, 1)00 m~nZ~ S,. 4: !Lnd.5@g<!;in. The sp~cd wiUhil!:\I'cro be '\iIcry $~ew Ql'l $:Q.1ilr.ldpoiIlT: ~~ and '[1\\i: pa~S;!.H·~ veryh~a.""Y. &' l.~i!J;t ~tof1 [h~ ittrokesG$ ..J.iOiU d1(1~ yor~~r.:tJPQi1j~.

" &.[le:ait[h~ w.lroie rourjuie using ~·ell or twelv:e ce:!:I~imel.Us ito the middle o.f the bow~ d1:~n aga£~ near .th.!l hoom.

5R:e~e~:tm,e w~ol.emu:~e '~$mg~ef:lty"'tive centimetres of bow .in rtihe 1i.lppet lliaruf~ iH me mlidd~e.t and in.thI;;; lower halliC.

rla;_,v fiOI:C!S {)In each !>~l'hlS ~n lO'\ ... ~ mi.ddle' andlrigh PQs4t~on$. 1n highptl~iool]}; ::;q,uI::C'l.It: dll::iilhlindp~,~[I:t:i (I111~1' to d1,ebtidg.:e .. (See Fii!}. :27h) Also pnay dQ!i1J.bl~s1)up~.

pit;;; H ti;~;'r; r r :mEt;; H tl

.If ::SOtm:~o:inU J S(lIJ![Jid~int 1 :If SOUl').dpQ~'!:.2

- :Ftlls[a- oodli8b[ctl F!!!:>'WI: ~A ligh~(;f FiIi~1:M_d l!igbii:

WUrrrrru pI: a Fr U rut- tr fEE U Ell

,f 8(lU~d!p'OOl'il~ 3",.,f SC~(ri[ll.j mp' S9W(lpO~t:5

Soundpoinl' ex·eirdser: C:hanig.ing 'the ~eA.gth of bo·.

PI.al' 't'I"'~~QW'.s 00 "l! '~f ,~gm a~ .'~ 5 0, ;a:!1dgr a gj!J.~lly mcr{l~se UP. to i~bo1iJ1; "} 5.

:Play in th~mi;did]~ Qf '~~bQw OtiiSI;i,W'ldirull'llt 5. U$,ll1rEl ~r¥ shorE,> :l;ti~·t;iitnoo $l!t@I;!:~i!. :f:illd U!el:i;iii:;lili:l,~ iOf spel::d :aJtld tpreS:5urt'e' 1£11 a '1: Inake~ lliu::' stti.ng Vilb!!'a~e af> Wjd...ely as. possjble~,

Z Grnd~I(l;lly 1e.n;gWeA dlf:i;,~O:~ until )I~u usethe Wl:Tho~!e bow; K~.p' ~e Slourod pu~a:oo l!I:nftl~ - ilim:re'4l'Se tate p.Ele!>s:o!re as .necessary eo baJ~Hlic~' the S'[e~d,Hy rncrea;smg: bo·w ~p.eed.

9 Grnail3JI.ij1 shor.[~rn lh;!1;slttNJ.k:es iI®~irn I:1tlLiJI :aJrri\l1iio,g: bare]; i:Q m~' middle: at [be bow.

4 W.ilhtrurt ~mpp:ing ~ repested. sbor~ stro];ell; .i~ l,illtetnh:l.d1e Q[ '[be' b~~ :moye; 0.1110 SOltU'l.~PQint 41 ~a(l.d :~l:pca[ 'di;~ ·(;,xerclsc. D(~ ·tht ~;!im.'~ 0.[1): .. i;j(I!'lJIIl.d,p>o:inls, $.iind. 2.

'R.cpcat s!:l.:'cra'I tiimC8:.grndlll;ll~y 1iI't-mg mOIre :mel more oow

'lJ'

,~ile si;roi)'~~ ~,t lOI]:gcr yuu may oc.a:c::~ apoi!f,Jt wJu:.'.re ~he bOl;li'lng f'@e~.~ i<li"v'k.I.!'i.·.!ud a;~d thet'Qine' is ~f1lel<ell. ~!1.'1 whlcltever .I.warts (lfthe :a~Mli'J.d or fmgers BIIl.ve a resi~r.8iooe ;:l:iatinte:rlle.re~ ..vi:th a na:rlilrt1il} fill(::l'Jli: ann ~(Wtmmlr:.

PJ.iij' notes on e~ich :suing in low~ middle and highposi~ons. kllligb PQS:lt~()m:S "qt:l:eezeme i!iollndptliLlilS ·~mL'l"r .~~ Ul.l.!· bridge. I,SI.'lIol: .Fig .. 2ib..) ruflClpl,~y dm]Jolc <,;:top:;:,

Clhangingsq:undpo,i'nt

,~Q CS~ .90L-Wllg ar ~;'l ~Ii'!gle< E:>:ilfCil.e· 39.

• :rlay whole. OO>.vs,:down :wd lip on .9n:e tQl1tlOIilOUsnme. PI,ay j.Vil'hQut \!ib~tQ.

" During the' whole, bow ''S-m'lOO,:Sl n:low~rnvilrd,s Qnd aw~y nODi r.he; bridge. B~jjn ,..."tih oDe a-~tt.o~td:'"\b(1tJge""'f.iipged.'l~rd i~ eacll do'Wn,~ and.up-blJw, afnd d':!en- t\-vO: in ~~"Cb b~\l,~j th~ ,and, so em. Tb_,C' scrulid:~hol\lnd reu'llam :PUlllt. and. ~$OI1k1I,l:t wnUe: the DOW :lnOl,fes ~cmss 'm!:! SOiJliJld!poin~·s..

iFil'ilge·tbo:,a·r~bridlg~i!l1.g;errb&a!'d 'I::mc,@o in each bow

Down':bu-w Hecl'-"'·aOltifidpomt 5. midd~~ ~ SQun:dpoint~! POlo[= .sOiundpojlHt !L

Up, .. ,bow flliu( "'" s.o'Un>dpoinlll 5. :miidldle= m!;I.~~pom!i: l~ hee~ ~ sOw:ldp(i:jint· 5.

tit

j" [ .= !i.I.)!,.lD_dpomts n ·(JUt." IIiOl!<

(,in'} V.

I@

5

'1 .r~ace the bf~W 01'1 S:Olll.n:idpam~ 5, ::!U I',b~,iie"~l. .Angl(:' the bow '·o.ill; (FJg. ll~a), \VhUe p!aying'from lihe: heelto dii!; llilPdll.e 'Of ~e: bQl"~ meve 00 me btidg:e: (Fig. :i'8b) .. DQ not U'll to ,cha.T)goe s(l<undJpQ];il.t: -I!t tI:te tJowd:ri:(t bec~use Qf ~ ~.I:'l,g~c: eo m~b:r:id;g~)

2, ,A.mving!ln Yte "bdd;g¢ i~ :!toe !;tl'ididle ofthe '1x;>wj; a·Q'glc !1D'ti' &0,,,, "~n' (Pig .. 28c) wi~.u'i,. sWppi~1! ·'tire.hintJ" .and c~i:rtb,lYc "the' dlOWri ..... how wilJlt d~iftiog 'ba:ck'l,~ 8('~llndpQint, 5. ~gam. ·(Fi,Z.Z8d).

::I Uaving.ar.rl.'V(;d baic.k al· tihefin:-gerbO'ard at me Md. 'af £1:11.:: ·d:o~,\!ll""bo~J,kee_P tlbe.bw angltq, 'in' (Fig. 28:d).1:bcl.i: p:byfr.om tbe' pcliUt u) m.ll!blldtlfi"e of lh~bn~ ]ming r1"II:' b.ow d.f:i:(t;rowaro~" i!h¢ IJ~~ (Fig. 2S~).

<4 Afti~ng:,3~l;ffile br~dge in 'dl.:~nni.ddJe 'Q.f'the bQw, ,ilrlgl'iil the· DO"'" "aut' (Fl]:. 2Sb) v,,~i'lhaii.t stopping :tI:c b~ m~d OCI!1.tinule tihe !JP--'bow wlliie d'ri.fi:llilg. bl<l,~k to' SQuniil,pomt :) again (F'i;. 28!il~);

Th ,~p~~dp'a1f.e.l,'rlQn bqth dQ\i,in- andup":bo'W i$ ~(...-&IOt.t;-f(jm;~ and f.h'1; PK"SsJllfe paJt'jjei"lI l-rgfit-Ji-!JJwy-lJgl£,,,

~ntf !!he bovo' m,o«: dn: s.ound_pn!nl: 5~ an,:! P!!8Y f1i3i1! h3lr' 9n ·\lQI!,1.!l.d.p,pint 2-1 .

., fi]acr t:h~ oow !Ull. :wl!ll'lcipo:int II •. at '(!il:!:l 1"1:(;1:111. U~!!: a qjll<llfite,r of tJ:i,e d()wn-bQ\~' t{l'lIea~h the b,,'idg,e'; ~ha[Jg:e: !he :angle of;tthe bow w,imtm'~:5ltolJiI'm~ the dow:nv1)oll,V' drift bact':. 1'.0 sO'llnd;pomt 4 by the nllid,cll~, oJ me bow; chiLIJig~ rn~- angl.c of me !JO\'''I then do, 'IDe: same i:ll m.e UPP(l1' hi1l!l:f.Re::p'::m~ OllJrne u?,,'bm1l':.

• Tiltfl moi\i't [{Jw3irds and away from :tbe ht~4e Ihtce cir.ru:s" ,~our t]mC'Sj,t!t.c.; up iQ~hmn, cij~f.iit. With

ei!Jl;;hincrf!:~~e Jill, nUlmber' :s~rt neurem- the br~d@e. eonding up p11"~(lg: Q1nly mll s01i-l!n~IlQin:t:2 l ,

pn~y 0011 eatih ~uin:g ~n~()wmd, :m;jcldll!pu~~tio[jJI~. A~oplay double ~ltips.

AI~I'1f1atillr~

Play the 'I.l.'!1e:rici~ 'w:im '.:ii, ~trll~ghit bow., using; the 1'lrHl! ['0 tt10WW'I'if'.li$ and away from. 'thll bridg'l~.

'Differenrt so:undpo'i'nls~ same spaled

ni:'f.'l'5~erm,c how mons across me: 5trin:g_,. me more P_[\{;s5u['cis needed, m call..qli mOil sltfi:ng; r::~S[ bows ne<lr.the ;Illl'lgerooardl need less p~~Sllll1~ :OeG"~!l~~ the !j:~d!]g is so :iiC!ft~ fast bQ\vs near the bridge need great pr¢ssuoo: because 'd1~st:ring is. sobardi. This: '~X€rds~ highligh:[s mil; prns'SIJre ,dJ~fr~'i:¢nc~ b-lr{ b(ping th.~ sarn(l g'p",~ed w.ltil\!i ch-&n~Jing OJ,e s(JP:l!l!dpoi!!l.r.

PI[IJI mis e1CflfCIsC w~m .lHim~rrO:i10me[Q elli£1:;UC m~H m.~ spood (lfbow d!Q~:> 1'i!1/U change .. rrhc I.t~ngtl:ii oibo",", mltlist abo sta~ the :ll:ml!:~ fU!r the lmw :f1pt.~~ :l":Iotto d'l!:I:nJ,g>::.)

r

1

'fJ '

m:J

r

r

r

:111

r

311

f

*It[

r

r

r

:11

:11: r-

r

,",,1"

Wi!ilm.!l viil>.Ulo,play wboJe bows on ~o!~!n-dpoin~ 5.F~lld ~b.e b!JJi:3!noe gf speed ga preS~1llre lniu mllJ~s dlil snlng li'tbm:n;c: 3.!> \"'$delf~£ p~ls~lbll:!f!lS ifil Bl:erdseM ..

Z 'Th.e!l', t\1i~hmj" cht;:,rg.bw rhe J{'id!ed n/ .6tIW (t):r~~li!i.g~h of bow),molll'e tosol!imdpolt1liE' 4:.. LnciI'ease .he pms,tlif@:. StaIY' on ~otlI!lidpo;[n~ i,I,~ ,aJeijus;till:,Si 'me pr"l!~~I;I:t@ 1;1I'lItil~:be'~~f.iEL;g vi];).r:l!~$ ~:$wid!f:!:!l.y !'IspO$,$.i:b],.

3, R:epea:!: ml SOtll"lldpO~1t 3~ 's,rjl:l '~'itllo-t!'r ('h~l'nigjng tbe s;peed er length ii)f!:Jow~ !!Ind ~lt~ ~n$Q'l.:iilldpoun 2, 4 H<lVlilOlg ~no~~ as far im:Q the b;[jd;ge as:i?oS'3ib~e~. ntove Oillifatg-am~ d~~1:'!i:Sismg Ilile p-f,essure (lin each ~LmdiiXl;ii:'i:n, back EO mt': :~tboatd,

Play Jl.O~S on eaeh s'~il1g ;in lcrw~ :mht~iI~e:M,d h~h po~ddofJ:s. In high :posII'l.10nsyou ha.'\Ie to sqli.'iee,~;-e tb,e Slm:rn::lpoirlt}l CIOSli]f. m ti1ltlhr-id!!j(;l. (:800 Fig. 2'Th.)

Soundpoil'1ts

D,.Beren.t loundpoiims, 58,me pressure

N()I:!1l:a:l$y \vhen you In.'l,ove tiowa_rd$ Of ;aw;a~, :from i1hc! b,dd!~ yoU halO'e til cn(lJl1gC du: [p:I\es8ut'l!' to k.eepihe speecW,pres.suwooundpouu baboce cOJ'r~Ci!:,Ho\ve\!\er~, you can keep 'the Pllt:s$ul'eilie same (Oir a~mo!ilt idle same) iflh~ ~'P~ gof bo·,,'\!' W ;;dt'eredi instead.

1i 'Withou.t v~hrnro!, pbl" {in .8lO'lllldpOii(l.l lin the middle of di!:(/. bow, !:lsin,g Cl:lirilli""e~*!(l,D~ bO'ws.FmCi me 'Dru311C:e of speed lind pfeSSUf!~, fOlf mil'!: ~~ng:!h ,of 'bQW'liInd SQIJ;l!D,dpo.mt~ 'tHat: Dukes 'me: !!lmlll vibmle lhe wid,est"

2: Then, 'with,()~fl d'~Jtg'ing lh~ prl!s$:!lc'f~ mOV(; (Q soundpoi:m: 2" JtI.'cij~a:$e: 'tb~ bQW 5,peed by u mg more bew, Sl a ..y on wundpo~n't 2'1 adjrllsti:ng th~ Sp$iilid. (i.t., [~..ngi!h of boW) lI'I.'lilil the stri.ng ag~m vi.h.raJte'$llis widiely as, [poso;ihlc.

3' MO'\lC to '50ul'Idp.oint 3J us:in,Q: as Il)!U'c'b. bow as ne~~ary to keep ['he seund from bn..g~kiog~ buit 'gull '\\"ithout changing 'dlt'! ~~Sl,j[_re. l~epe~t on Ilf<Ol,md soundpoim J--4.i;lsing: wbo~1!: bows.

4 Ha,ljIing moved as fae I[OWSfd!'l, the f"mgf!i'btl':!Ir;d~s, :poss.ilJ.l,e',,,lI!ove in 1l0Wllrdsl.h:e: btidg~ alf;l:a:in, nOW using I~!'l, bo,w on each wllIlndpoifll) backeo sound!piElia1'[ ]. US{: exa.ctlyr.b~ 'SlI'll!le preSS;1!U'f on each f:ioundptlir.llt~, ctu.!l1ging onD;}\" the bow sp~ i(1e£U!gtb} Ito keep the sound plIlr,eT

J~76

Scmn'a(poIDI' 1. Oile C!!nrjmli!ttc' cf OOW in !1IiIi; I:!i.l;4dJe.

H

r

S:OiU!!'ldpcmI1>2,

!11f=Ft F

r=

SOIlJI:I~if'![.1

:11= err

. ,.11

,If

J

Play notes On c.ilclil, !limns in. h.KV~ m,idid]e~~d bmgh posiitiioll5. 10 high. posi~io'l'lis 5q,1:ii~i!!Ze·the $(lU!nd;pr.lin~s ,dos~~ UI II:b~ b.ri,d!@e, (SeeM!!:. 21'0.)

Ihythlms, Q~n earch isoundpoin,t

1Pl~!!T oliVUl'W,ty gf bomng and rhythm p.aitltt.e:l:illS Oill ~.\i}ch '~Qw.tQdpnifl:t..PIJ!'Y m~ g.rouP$ f:tlster u~ar tbe fi_n.g.~~b~l~rd, 'llt(,),\!!'efl':lem: 'rite bidd:g:eJ. 't'lulte\1'e[' the dlyn~.ic, sOllli:ldpo.Lm:t ot ]engilb of ~w.p,Ja.y wiitb maximum. ~ona1l'1,ce and ~ rompJI!Icly pure eone.

11 S~ta:£E.iYn S01JIJ,dpnlnt.'5. Ji'i;ay tl'lIed:ly;tool, paittern several tl'Il1t::.I.;, c:xpel:'ime~lIting with speed and presslire unt~1 tb,~ 5'1:rin;E!;' vibrates as \\1xdel!ir as p'~sib~~ t~n:I each note, the' aaund is p:U[e:~ sad me v:i~lin rcs.oootets.

2 Whl:ti the :spccd ilind. p~SUIL'e are both perfiectJ move d1i~ bo'!.v rosoilf.lopuimt. 4. and ~ggjin find the ,r-ight s:pe«l and pressare [0 make: the ~tri[ng vibrate! as widel~r as 'pQ"~ble, DQ the 'samt: on s()undpoirnn ;" 2,and, 1. and then \\'oiMk back again ibrough 2~3~ 4 and '5.

SOi,l!nd,oil]1ll: .!lJ.

SliigJ!.tlr .·W~, Ii1.e~Vl.'~f

Sg'1i!tlliJ!poil:l~ 3 S!i!l'~> hell!vlt:;r

SQl.IndPQmt i V~t:y ~!!Ji!""'~ h~'8!,1J'

I

If

Thmt;o<nt~[I,w. it:i.tiZ~nIi~ tlwf~., s.oundlpcmt:l 2:j' 3~4 :rMI 5 ..

US\l'qgill!r~iIf-.J~~gtb.lb!lWi.'$ !!;~ tih@l'lfjiLf.!t~ in (he mriddlt::~~ldI:!lit tbe: heel. Also use :mo~ bOilOY ~ h.a1fhows for (he q!U!l,rlel·:!lUl~ (cf~tlChe'fs) -p!]aymg il:li '[he upper h;ii~f), it'ijddl=~ .ai'l.dI(IW~r h~~f;,

S!arl IOacb !ii3:r:iiilJtion u~·,bow ;<l~. well a'f; down-how.

,

I. ,'" 1.1

'. I II! - ,

,

~

-'

tfE(l:f)1 02) j -==-. (11)1 t
'p - .. ::11:: ~ -F tlr r :lliJe r' § :11
-·111 i iii
1;.1. i(,~S)

r:-FC"1 :tt?:P1C' f:

~

=S¥II

lll1mer pOSi,!li'ol\'ls

!?l!aIytbe: SS!llle t1iores: on 'meQl:heil:'s:mll~ in. v,adcl\n;s- llC'ta'\\'~-s:

~~!D I,

]]], lIlgh. ]J:t:lljjtl!ons :sq:lI1~ez,etbe -SOILJ.lI'IOp01lrll'l:l'i cloo~r' totJ:IiI~ br:id'g~- (See Pig. 27b._)

Also ILlS€: amc!:: .itlJot\::jlilnd o~er. bQwilil;g pa:u:ems. T"hi.s :i:s the :SIJII'T o:feKII't:l'(;i~ Wh!lIT¢@Vlm a,sm:;lI1i ~m(:I'l,JIi:!t ofw~lrli p:r.!I2u;liilCes .lnng:-la'Stirl:g ~i.Jl~, B~t allJi.i1lYS, 'be sure dl;S!( the: ~ot!:!:ld r,ea]ly is pure bcfo·re :ml)vi~ eo tlle next SlOiIili.nd:p@in:l:.

.6w-er,y ~i:ld~ of ,wnti" OOICiUt .Is :iiI~~fibl~ tbrj~U:~, ttl!.: di1icwenl!: degrees of speed~ p.reSSl!~ and distanoe tfoollil'l ~G bridg~. [;Im,~Qrtiol:'.l~ of rnMI'C p[cs~u£e re less speed! a£le !.l£OO f.ol!: more

,CI0-sed.,j d;clI:br 'Oil;' dens'llil' ,tone col0,ul:il. 'B,Oi!. Jhrm,c mO$~ open, freely speaikingj resm1allt soun~ tiOJ'!e~ductionii!i' baS{ldl 'Ocra :~pl.i:iilid o.fbol!i'l.'. lIot pl)!lii~i'.'IXC, •

:Speed @Jfen:iise

This ~c:;rn5e uses fO::>[--1>kl'w 5tfOikcs: - sU\cikes ma'!: begin. qllruckly and then ar.ea;bl1ioS'[ ilmtti,e4illte~~ ~Qii¥~ wkn no aiillen"oebetxvee'[1 the: fa$lai!.ld the S~O'!N p,1i;rts o:ftbJe :'!i1[[\OI!;~. 'Jillll: aim. is ~m2ike me S'tring'!!'~blare 'WI~!Y dJ:,ning me £'3stpan: o:f: thestto~ usmg 'Speed :rnl'ller tllS!O pressure to lTl<lk'Ci thilli notes sp,-e;ak.

!~rm rNe flri~ 't'i~!Ii~:~j1 v.:reiID Ol!i Hst~p~ll.g ,d,'Q\lidy to [he s.(I!lJii;l.iL Find: the hil:lo'l:noe {lit' speed :and Pl"c!i'$IllOO m!!i~: m:liikes the :r>t1i',i~ wlil>.liil~iilS wldfly es possibi!e during ~be £!lst 'Pa~1t QC !;laC~str-Qk~.

v

·fF"·

F:iL1it SI.llw

'i

"

'~ Be,gi!:! wilb pm~' :fa~:J-$lQw ii[l, :a bow: ,p~!W withou,t "iTi:JmR'Il, abou:E a o:ntin'!l,~~fr.t;~m rnt:!brjd~-

2: Use; alore bow and [nQIre preSSl!J.re 'f{lr~he :far<t: jj!l!Jrt: ofchil: :~trcC!kc, h;:s:s 'bow and .leSili pl'~~smle fUlrm{\ S~;qW part, f[,OI\,\I\e::Yer, IlS(1 <liS Hl!1dtl 'e:xIru p.rcSS1'llJ!:flS possible dUfUug me; :fast p~rt of d~e~troke;:cul~iY liS much !.IS neoes!S~ry to' ue-p ~fl. gO{);Q. C1mroltj1!\vJm. [he ~tting = ~:nO<1!e me bO\lf !'i1@."g tlt~ s(a;i{:lg hcrti7Dnuil1y-" r.n:h~frn"nl diiggblgm '!,"tl'llaaUy:

3 Then divide the' bow i!lto uwo h'1l!lves. pL~g iOifI~ fa~t",,~IQ\"" in ~bt: ]O'!;"i,fo{."F h,ailf,1'I:nd oaein t[(he Ui,PP~;f..

Do n.Ot [F1{ oop]ay a (n:s;[ s!nd Men a s.io\v bow - ,eadl fast~:dow i~ eae aCtiO!), not 't:wo,.

4 Then p:lay tt.luee: f'al'it'-SIDo.w d:ivis.ion~ in e;acl:lb1O<w~ 4:, 16, 8;. 9~ l:2, l~j.2,Ot 24f, 2:8 and 32. The cli;'3.rnpLc abovcsnm,'i':-i w.:P' ~o 4 :r~s:l-sl.owsif.i 1'1 bow. :f'OO;M 12 'Ci'nwards~pJa~ ruld oonnit ~!l!!;l;[\~I;IP-S: of foul'. "fh,~ e'~~wc:ise sO~:rld:s l:ike: <I1$~f]es 'Of dHll'obill 'i'lIiiif~:im o~e uIIIblfilkCIJI" '!;\oli;lmI.lJOuS "O'l!C",

.USll~l:l to ~h(l oo:r.l'riJ'lJUIOIlS bad;;.p'f~llmd ring.!

,A]sopla,y midw£lybcw'eell tll~ f~n~t1bmn"d ·iIInAthe bffdg.c~ :,lind! ,rl!t th~ f~g(;\(b()~rdI. P.13:y 1'a!on~$ Oil lIil~clll SiIJr~g,i~ diffm-el:'l~posiri.om, Iilnd :also ,double S'ElJPS.

Tempo

l"'he mgrr: fasl-slows tiher.e areia a b(n~;> .~ fiaSt-er dfli~~~pQ. For ~Kamph::, pl2yrhe fl[s:~oor of: me ~~t;rd$;':; CQnr;:f:8s:~:""Sl.ow in e:l'ldJ. buw) i1'i:Sibollli: J ~ 5.2LTwo fast-;:;lows ineaclllb~l!': J ;:: 5Z~ Q[1{:: fj_$;H,IQW (]lin! e:aJC'h cr.;n'!r~'f-ct:lote (cr-o.tchif![)b('~f, l'v.el~ fase-slows: 60~ four 01':1 eaeh 'lDl:trollome be(;!Jt;.l1'm':i:y"twQ: 761 wu:r Olll, each meitro(ll,ome beat.

VaIri'atiio!:'l

This h.e~p~1;'01 ~~ thE:lflow ofl:!ht: buw!!n::Jdy and even

., Bd(u~e pli!!i!~ng 'Mlt fin;:l, r:asl-'SI()W~ and be:foreealC,b new :sta!ge oil' m~ ~~!r~]se', ~!I~I&il)Sf.aili)l~:I ,~fi'II whl!ji]e: bQW$" t!roWii') <Ina. u~.

" Play eu SOUl.ldpoin:t: 2, 3ii:ilOOut: the te:mpo['h;at you 'lAtil'l 'I))~e :ljg,Tme f .. s:t~l,oW 5~"Q.~,

• Then p]iI.y mefust~skn~.kee'pil1g t,h~ same: .fccFint'lofm.e 'bow and;Jii'm i:ntvclli:l1i~ sm(){)[b~iY a:nd eVMl1il:

I

S,eed 8xercilse, miOrV~ngr aeress $ound,poilnt.s ~~1

Play 8!Jnd 16 fills:" !l.]QWS in reach bow .. Adjl:l~[ the spe~ds~nd pressures [0 SrW'l: ~ac:h !Ootmdpoiint. 1'>(1 that me 15-0U!fld remain,s ~nr.ireXy pure ii!!~d. e\'Cuthl'()u,gMUJI!, UM vil'ry ~inille bow when plla¥ins neat-the btklgi;;;\,

·S .• 4" 3. 2:, 1 ~ so·undpo;mls

The obilique strom ,~re o:oly to l1Ul1lke me e,,",ercisc ,..i:>\laUy clearer, P]Q!i':So malE !:hI.: :mund l'S con(ulJuous.

Onc~ imo m(! bridl,W and orUl9:~li!!i'l'I j;o ellic~ bow. O.lie fliS:t-s!,QW un ca.c1li llrOUJII,dpoinrt.

Pa;&( Slow FII~l Sll.T\V

itm:t1f/U-_

It) 5 4 3, 2, 1 2 ) \Ii

3 TMC'e illto Lhe brldl~e and, OU'[ acnrn in each how. One fast-slow on each soundp0l:ril:.

FWi,t 5JO"," •

4D:_j

4, 3 2 Ir 2 3 4' sIT:1 2:'.3

4 Twice mtI) m-e hrid(gc:Sind Out agrun in. each bOliM. 'TVi.ro faSE""'3lows, on each $l)und'point.

F;ast SI.OIW .n'as[ Sl.mv

~#Rti 'mft~'1

. 3 :2 1 2 J :2 ] 2

Variation

~'fiC tn.eo.r-der!: begmillnd end t:!!c<!!.' snundpo'in:t 1, moving, ~way fl'lJO'! tlig bridge and back ag.ain.Th:is, ~.Wres. ~~a.( contr@l! of me bow ~e8r tbe l:rcidg~'.

Bow speed

~-clse2

Play ilie speed exereise while mQ\lmg lb~mre~nm,e .fiDg~bQI:lId andthe ~ddge. The ~!!mPles ho,,,' up'~o I:b.rec 'fa:~1 do\!ll'S. i!lli 9 bowl bur con.tinu:eilirough. 4. 6., 8,.9. 14:. ~ 6. ~O. 24. 28, 32 ..

• ' DI1IIWn-'IiJoW,-cres~end.Q;- J'

lJpl4mrw ,f-d.1It1inu~mdQ-I"

.. Angl'cilhc' bow sU,ghr.1i~ ·OU,I" 'Ehro~olu~:he' ~e[dse.11

llridge V

;5rt

F,lIl!~ SlOW' f-~t Slo,wF~$t Slow

p' ........... ===:= f :=:::=:====~~, .P'

~iUI: :S:Do·\I{

.1=- ==-~ pi

~~======== f =-========- ........... -:P

1!!Ii' DQWIII":bow ,f'"'diminlc!mdQii'

Vp'''bow p-c:!'~sii:::!lindJo-.f

., Angle me' how' s1~ghd~' 'imll' throllPOl1!t the' ~~rci$e.

FWgcJ:bc3iITI BrlCige

4-tPi- Cr V:F- trEEr - ft- "~

fla:y on each strmg ..

SpHd e.x:elrciise using br(d~enth:ird5

The' 'best balance: 01 speed, pres:smc Md, sowd!pcritil'r 'EO pfod.lJ~ ~e fullest tone d!~ndjl en the leJili.".b ofsttmg that :w' bait i~ plafmg ml~ml!8 .cb:MIges, frqm flI0tie to note. 'l11C bc::,;:[ bi!,lunc~ also C.hl:In~S .fflQm Sfl:'lttg to smng beCilUiSIe Q,f e'.ell dilICR::I'l'l string dlk:'knc~ llfid:~nslom. SC8iles in br'O~n thiro:~, :in diffl.'1"e'n:t Qcrnves, 'prol!!"jd'e ideel, m::''itl!r:h.d 'to cxp~rim~nt 'wildt an il'ne di:ffeteut, !e:lponses of the 'sttinj ee 'I:1:1~ bow 1ru!i~f,

!Piay rwo-oc·[·ave scal'es ~D o:Ile position. aeress fhe !j,rdngs, majioror l:ttinot .. m me; full:01W1-ng' keys;:

1 A (Ist posfll0.n) ;2, IE (5dt position) 3 A (8dl:POS~LiolH)

The fo:no~!i';mg e:xamrple sboYi'S mil speedl,~xeJ1Ci!ie: t!h:rougi1n~ 2~ J and 4 fQ,~t..sLows, 'to a b<J~!l; Conit'ifu.lilli: ii] the srunewaywit:h 6.8 anrdi 12 'tQ !iI bow. '(Co.ntinwn;g :fMther, with Hil und, 24 f~t:""'S~OW5 'to:a bow) is a: gOQd e;;;e('c;~se fur s~ccatJQ,)

etc.

Jit ..

-~

II

Uneven bo:w sp:eedis

E:xuci:!ie 1

lil- :heeIP.O.B.- ;pomt-of-b!\itmlce

!1\\'O thirdisfor.lJE thini./two 'tl'l.uds~ is a bow dlr\liis~!.)lI f(llt groUP.S (If Ilhr,~e Sb'O!k~5. usoo fur 'travelling toa hj~~r ,or ~owcr p'~>a~e jn 'abe: buw'I!io·ilthout, playin,G; aeeenss,

fu '!ill: fQl[cy,ing e:ximUIPles} no. 1 shows how you ~!l 8V,iiI![!I:: at 'lbe heel ,and 'nish a'l( the pom:t usmg ~/~-V} -=0/-\" Using tll,is bow division ma.k~ ~l easier ~,o pIDay ,evenly~ wilhlOllt ,"~ntiDg ~any ene nete, No~~ ~ and 3, sho.w h.ow using m.o~ bow OlD one flOll'¢, to 'navell 'i;:u~twe'eJl the hee],9i:ild I1lI! 'PO'mt~ '~y ca~se an oolN:ilIll~ed. aeeem,

(1.), (2) (3),_
1"1
I'll 1M ':.- ~ ~ >.0
, ,
213, 'if3 213, 2/3 Wl, 2/9 1/3, W WH, ]13, Jl3' WB, W!I ]J3, lI3 .' 'Qro, ~/3. lJ3
H Pt H H Pt H H' I:lit: H '[0, the 'L'lDrniPle f~llm ,Bacill, the ,~!!_J;;-o/~ :is, pLay:edbe:tll¥eefl rile ,m:idcl~~ ,of WoO ~pper haJf~ i!Jldi .e pointof·b~lilIIlIc~.11'Ii '[he Si~lii:Ji;~:; 'me: ~~I:I~_¥:, is 'p~aYJ!de\1'er me 'Whjj]c bmv from heel to :point .. In 'f:i:tber case, ml; bow division 11!,_1!i. ... ;h·. Oli ¥}-V;-%~ oould ~3$i1ly pJ:udlpce an unWlmite:d accent,

4 m1 V iii
"
.
,
I 2:.13 '~/5 213 :P,o..D.

. ....-=---._ trH

'Alilollilalnda'fro,m Pamrd In D"miol)r" BWV U)04, J. S. B!l>CD

!(I, UEI

H F--j-_,

jf?! r

PI: ,.t~

'er r

if

G iC~,"i,lIr 1 00 ~ 1&7 H.., '110m l.I'i'ii:hl!!" U;rlill 1!iq!rodurnd byll<il'ld 1X1m~1il OO'!hcIJlu'bmbrcn

Plta}t the fol]m!'oillg paS!i<!ge so th_at it SOI,ID_.ds as even as ifyon\<wre using me same length ofbQ\\' on each note. II Who~e bows. The fin. bar btl!1;liIl5- alt the bee~~ tbe second bar at the polm.,m,e I:ltIrobar a,lt the heel" a[!d 8;0 On.

m 113 213

1_' 3

r

r

:fr' r ; r ~' J J I~ S a I~ J j I J J :11
,.-
:1' .. Sustain, each !l1!110,te (;"'lo:l1ly, joining it to tJl,e n,e};t stroke w:ithQuta break. flay f. ~:ecping the bowdeep ill the sn~jng [l:'Ir-ouglu:nJt. and also p .

Exerdil!if:: 2:

PI:!}, Rr,leuttet E~lIde ne. :2 (or ,l, s.imi:l:.:r study) WJt'hi ShOI!!! even~y s:U1sUliillcdsfi\()ms.

• GnduaU:y :move up Me:!: down.ldh.c, whole ~englhofd!l.c bm", Wi]}JODt ~"lul;evennessm meoon;c. M9ik.~ ~[ souad as if yu'I:I W,Ell'l:J p]a,j>:ing normally in oae place on me bow.

42 Hrudc~ O<l! ~~rl0!:5~ I:iQ" a Kre.ll.tze~,

t q;CWFt&l1ErfEA!]rr fenCE gE£l1E F "rj

... middb~ ...

• .. mjddlc

3

t-;;e U F ErFrol5fr rI P Dr FE Fa rr JJ JUg

... poinit to midl!d!;:"."

&el\dse3

M' thepurposes a,£ the e"'e::rclse'~ ase the same ]'Iillgtlb, of bow' on ,eilch dlo\,vn- l;lil'td IIp-b~' - d.o nor use ,more bOir'" :fc'l O),h::an.gex nome and. less oow· furr.:~ shorter nete, TIti~ means dun (f1Ol >cxru:np1c) lite: q1:Jl~r.tel"·1.. :ROl,e!; (ct\olicbets) :ha\1C doubllil me bow speed olf the ha:llr~nQ~ (minims). :S,Y\i'atying '1ihc pr,eSSUR: irnd" ~f nec-ess::.ll'Yl ihe.SOIU;pdpQ1n\', .play with, u;,cmplctdytlU'I'Ii SQii'1l"d Qtl(ll:rltJl~ wlmm;; without a'ccn!l:uing die r"S:le.r:rnO'!l'.io.g ~Fl{l~eS mo·re~ba:f.i, rh.e: $lQ·w~r. st;Qkes.

PJ8yin the: following :a!reas of the how,:

1! Qua:rte:r bows . .IJ[ay at the h.eel~in the rniddIDe and air me point. :2 Hllif bows. Play in me lower half. middle,;, omdu!pper half.

3 WbiOl.e b61o.VS;.

1-==

b(¥ r F4J·

18.

£114

I

J.

I . RkI!JdmtS~h ilcrn,ning \\Iilh sofmess, ciln OO~i~ Do:! pi!i'lUJ;med !!lur.f~ • .m4 WI. !,~ r.~(Jd~ of (ttl !!~~Ii ~. I~ one slrdke. One· ~Nm'j. tnl'!:iugh ptlililtr-e ~j th~ ... to.ap¢f ~i~t" ~I\d "",~k~~ In all F;lafll; Qf 100 bow .I!~ dilige'Jlt pr<lClfore DI' me' dW!Dn 'OJ ~hli' S~f'Ok;e OI\'I(!.

I3oi!cDrlill1(5 d!!;tteIOO5 ~n ItI~ ro"I',t'Ol <)1 th bow. ,iN'Id rough conlloll one' 3(hiMS ptlrill' o! taM.' leQpold !>I1O£s1i~ A T.rN~Oii ~ FlJnd~t1 ~ p,in{ip1~ Or ~ Pi.ifoi!l' IAlJg~bur!l, 1756\ iEngl ltollM fd~lM' ·1!:iriN:cl.e·r. ()',o!fj{d', '19018), 9'f.I

~'s~ Ii''4!WJiI~ p.ilgll J7

I See Presrsurt;' and to'll9QI Qj' str"f!9, ~ 57

There is Si ce.rWD propo:r:(iOfi 'of p'~~ure' 10 s;ve~d which ciiitlm:S li:be' ~;ningto v!.b~te the'!f.!Qs,t (i.e,~ CSJUS!!S i:t to swing the f1u't1wn from side so side unde the ha~i'). How be-a,vy d'ie' bow

:musr be 1:0 do 'Ibis deP.~Dd$ all. 'me dlstaace from ilie 'bridgej bu'l: h is the amOW'.ii1l of pfeSsW'£: \i,~~rc a .. ITacti('l'Ili m,ore WQ'uLd. r.edu,c'f Me freedo;m, of the s;mn~sw-i.tl!~jl1.~: {~msid!i:: 1'0 si.d.e.!Pmductkro of lilI~' tigh]ies~1 most open and. s:U:lgitl(g !tOnI!: [,s based mol'~ 0.1l. 5J;l'@~d ofbow thm !;yress~r'e, because me:nr,ins ~s abw :ro SW~r.lf:'l fOOi~fty tl'lH:i~r. 1ihe: bo'l,lll ~E'IIir. Darl{e[ and richer oo]ours come fn),m g;reatcr propo:l'tionsof prcssur~ in I!'e~t~on to the speed..

[Pressure e.xercise

U(Il:'lQJd .MO'Ziill't was one" of the .lirsr [Q' lle3CJft 'Ibis e.'{~rci5~.1 furieccnt tinlt!'S it has 'been a eemral practiice 'r.ecl:i.ttique-raugbt by Capet:1I!lld his pupil. G8ilamian. Cenis:i:s know it asthe 'Casals exer-cis.e'. Doueis ilipplied a va:rmtian of theezereiae too pieces. (See: pag~ 5~[)

The exercl ... euses $,l]f'Qbs dtll,1!; cb4l:nl!g>e &om loud, m the! fmt: part o:fdl.e s,tI!okie [0 soiii in m~ secol!lJdi p.i!!L"1. Tb.e:iOIim fs ~I) .filldl a dchand resonSill:t wo.ne; and: to a~odiUil' lhi3JllO_n~ with the' sem;adoM of 'gj\.'e" md resistance ;iliil me bo-w,!bow hair and '.!Itrigg tl:!(lJ~ go. wirmme eoae.

.PJay '",,"b.:oa,e 'bows Olll (l'ne note! whbout \1.ihtL'iiW,

• Play,ol1'(il r-s o.n. the dow:£!';oow~ ~nd one on the l:ip.;bow. Then pi.~f ,,-p nifice in ~a~h :oow,theo 3) 4" (i~ ,13. 9'" 12", H)~ 20. 24,. 2;8, 32 'times. ThG ~xampl.e be.lo~:y 'shOW5i up, 'Co four in II bO'w~

V ... ",=>.

r :r

.I P r P .f p ,./ P'

c M V · V

·iI~:I.~~1

. r e rrr rr er» fll' fPfPf,PfP'f.P'.! plPfP

. f p

.f

• USJE: mea.m to transport (he bow' up and! dow-n; use me lu;m.a.ro, m.akit!l!~cb .:{,

• During the Ji', p~il[y as ]ollJldlY:!lis PQSll-illilile 'Without ~or<:ing. Li.st:e'nm the piwcb: ll, sbiould, nOlI. 'flalI~~ b~c;a\JIs.e l!;lf ~[IiQ ~'li!.l.c-h p~ssure. To 3'1{oidsq~llJasihmg me 1!:Oll!;i;,. u;s~,:, ;6,I~we ;ltIo~' 'bow S:P~ (:i.e". a [iWe more: bo\!jl') fiQ;r 'fi'l!e ;I' [Mil. for rilitep.

• Play n~:bjt!:l,' a:ndl $Ubim' ,'P~ without ,a'eJcm{Ji or dimm~i.e:ndi. Do aor have my b~k in the sound between the .f' and the 1''.

til Playing f -p once: O'f twice :in a boy.l, :p'la~r 'me' ,.f i:I.'i:i-!liRt i:ha brjdge and the p ~:l'igbdy furlher from 'me bl'id.~e. From. 'mree l;_p!~lIn~!'Md~} p'a~'l' 13,n wl.U'~dpl)iflt2: 'wjthOY'~ ChM'lgillg soontipoint..

• In. th~ !i:rst S,f3ges or thee~erci.se 'me/, and me p art [W(l ~p3tate .aC'l:j,QiQs".iFmm ~b(lut :fbur j'-ps oo,w,a:rdsll let eai.c;h ;f~p bot;ome one 3,CtioIi., i.e .• ,I:..release',The·exel'ci!>e 'i:henstumds llkc a series ,of ·wobs·with~n a ~o,nri.nuOU's· oou_nd.UstclI' too l'he CMiiTli!:i:Q.US b.a,cJ.tg·rcmruJ' rJ"Jf.J

• Up ~o ~aibout i:hrcj! j-ps~ use: !i. flarli1li:rfuaii:f !ill. the .I and m'or,eti:l1iedm. Me .!p' ,Prom tb'c:I".iI 0'0. use diue-

'l!ua:rmn o·fm.e ba:ir thr!l;l~gut. .

• AlS'o play without the firs!: fl~r onthe bow.

'.Iay no~ 00 e:a.ch :!;u,in:g in lo-w, mi,dldle and l.tiSh positions:' di.eshO'rr~ me string lengtb, iO..h.e tess pl',eS$U'[C tbe SU'll:'lg can 'take.]

AI;iO Ilby d'ouble. stops.

Temjpo

The more J'-·:ps,th.er~ lite 3;0 a bQ\v, the faster dl!e k'm(lQ. For o:ampte~ pla.:y me fiIiO,! brut' of d:Lr.il ex.e:r-cis:~ (Qne f-:p i..n. each bow) at abo'U.1i J ;::; 60 ('l\~ beats I~ lWO bents p),:n¥(l' ,-;ps iD~mch 00\\\,'= J = 60 (OIL1~ beat ,.t:~ 00£' be9.t: p). 'f\rqe~\oTe ,:/-ps: 52 (:tou.r en ~l<Ich :me:u-,otJ.'O:.roe: beat). Thirty-iwm 7(1 (WUd:" nn ,e,aclI :it:Hl!;tr-on.o.m~ b~3J[).

\/a'riation

1Jili;, :h~lp5' to keJcp a. sready flow of me; how dud~g the heavy-UgH:u:: p['e5~Llre' c:b9nges.

II Befo.r€: p]a:!pq the 5rs'i! f-p. U1d b~fore eachnew st!llle 'of IDe eserclse, play ~YSiti!tined~ even, whl)!lt:i. bmw; down aed up.

I! Plary on soundpotQ~ 2; at about, the tempo ltiat you ~.U use fnii the f::lisit-sJow:.stl"dk:es.

I' U!en .pi~y me f;"p} without lQs±og: dle fee'ling of the bQWtI'avcloog smoo'titly and everd)'.

"'=

r 1

:11

f

r

M, II e~c:,

::IEg11lt :EJ§d :11

p

fP' fPfP rer P', P'

lp",~djte method

Playing ]~w, paSS!'liges with pertaro 'U:re,ol1!8\Jll!al'l II practice lr.nuhod. taught by Dou:rus. Dnw (he; bg'!;,,~ as m m~ e!l!rci!::~! pl~yif.ig de~:p~i~oo.-the-:s~ringaccel:ns ~'l'.imin the lel!l(x) stra.ke. V:ary u.etlium'bem: nf i'[b_rob$~ per n,O'lt· acoordlln,g itO the tlme Qf'tlu: 'Passage in que-mol'U. Use me sO':llfidpoil'i1i: t_hait permits the maximmn Idqltb or-h.-ir-sttmg conJ[eIICl1J. feeling a.!l1ib~ give and resistance of th~ bOVi', lbow hair and string.Then frod '!h~ same deep-ibi.iI!:~Yi1fiO:l',;;ed 'contact w:l:l.ell, playing me :p~sa;ge: n~m:laUy.

.~a:rES , ."!'SllTUfO _ D~ -~, .. k .. - - -. '.uo .. ", ... ,.,..,o.,

R\B "I~

•-

I

Pressu:re ex,eRii'5e moving a,cro,ss soundpoi:nts

P]ay is and ,~,6 ,;f-:p5 lin each bmlf.Find liM': I,itlll! ::l;pe~d!sllndp~slJ~ lOT each, sOiJUlfl,dipoin1t,. 8'0 that the: sOiundremajme~lf[l~ly pil]r~' andevea throu~out _, use very I:it!:re bow when the Dowis. near me bdcl!~~ ami near m,;e illge~ho01lrd: :pt3~f;p-ppr3met ma1'lJ J':""'P"

5~ 4~ 3~~, 1= ool.1_ndpouns.

Th~ o,b~iqlle ::.;[rob!l arc only to· mliltt; the c;",cl'c~e v,i~IJ~:UY ~~]ei!ire:r. PI!i.y~Q :that ~e SQund is wt!ti!1l!.1i~U'~. 1 Once into the lllrjdige ;1li~d Olot a.gaJifJi irn each bow .. One/-:tl on each souMpoim.

I

:

12' 3 . 4

5' 4' 3 . 2

J I

"

:111

Smfr dl¢ odler way roWl.d~ b¢',gin llJer.lIfS0'!1;Ii:'I.dDO~IriI:[ ] JWOl;'@t:ow.<!Itd:s5and m~n. backto 1, ":a:is t@)qu~~s grmn ttJ!n~'ml of [be bowneal![1' Ole bridge.

~.III

I :2' 3 .. 4:. '5 ,11' 3,2

::.,., - 3-. > ;0.-
,t' 2 ]. 4, 3 Z 4, 2 "

'PtesSlute exerciise ui$i,ng sGiles

'The bestbalanee of speed. pressufC and so'UndpQ"i!ll to prodl.liCe '!:he fulIlleit 'tone d,epauls On the 1e"ngm" Ilhi.drn.e~~ endrenslcn of eseh string .. P'I.!iI}I 1;!le .p~ssW'e eloi,Ctciii.e usil]g~m,f4;; sealesin aile' posiuon ilC>fflSS 'ili~ strilings, ma~or' orr minQ[, ;1:1 'the folJowing keyw:

2E (5th position)

PressJulie and I'e'ngrth ,of string

ilihree Iprinciples of 1!onEi' Ploo:uCUo.n: '1 .clQser 'ro thl: bridgtl; mo~ weight.

2: The higher ·thef'mger.s play up th,~ string (the slronCl1LhC! :s:trmg;)~ ~e fDle:ilmil' ithti bow II'lap.; itOtbe~ r.ddge. 3: The ~bon~r tb~ 'str.ing,. me less pr~nlJl:, il Clll'll take from '[he 'bow.

'(be :third ~riif.lcip!lc m~ernd'es the m~t. The :bow plays h'M'Viiy near Ilit,e bddge ~l1low PQil;~IlO1'llJ.. Th~ bow plays ligh.rbr ne~tr :the brid,ge in high pO$~{iQ!'l!.~.

[0 the e~mpl~s~low> the tolp E, nn, the Wi.lm~j andtli.c rop .]3. in the Kx,eisler m~:s[ b~ pb~yedI. 'sl!I:pniSingly ~~n~ly DCU the b:ddg,1l! if they a_r:e '00 s>ound .. pure and :stall in tune. Mr,ef m,e top Il, the open. E must be pilayed rnuch Mfi,ru powen\!:[Iy.

, ";;r :> :>0-

r

Po~callii~;::: brillar.ue. op~ 2] 'WlcniaVl'Ski

~\l10

-~~-

[1"1 ~...... ... .I':'::="

j2CJ%i

1.

f:

Prnillu.dium :lind . .AII!~gil'\\i 2' P~gntlJl:li.-~ish~,r

r

1"11

o

F'

J

2,

bllOlllll:iQI'I difficulties .in high dQub:le '!ltops are' often, b1amed on me l,efr. band, Wh~"" in fact 'me bo'o" p:reSSllnl lS me C1lIU$e. Iust 9i little excess :piI'~su:r~ ~tthelop of the A. s'ttlng causes me rUJ.t:oCS to g:o flat ..

6 ~ . ~. ~ .
[II P i
:l; I ~ I
4: 3: 4! I @: f
r. .~
2 :J
" 4, •

E;!!e;r,tl5e :[

In thls·eRrc:is~!,play eve'll open strin:s:b~avi[y~ play [he sroppcd nm£s tfUJl'c 1I1lJd. more ]iglh:~.'V:as tlI.C"jI gt[:.lJiigl!cr,. 1V~"f on~y ~n :S,Q~Il!.;t(,o-.t 4.

PJay :tJili !the ~igbm.,.;n.otes (q~a:,l'us) 'J1f/.

Be:g~n. me qus;rter"'tlJOlt:es (crotchets) !Jlf.f~ and pi;8JY '[bem more &'111<3 more l:igbd~' 3~; thc-y gC[ bigh~r~ ruac'h.ifig: ,pppa[ m.~ lOP.

2: Play o.WyOll :s:o.ullIdp0:w!! j,.

P.!ay ~ml 'the eigl1r:h-~on.-';S .I.

Bcgil1Ltih;c quat[;c:r~l'Jiot:"!liJ and P~3li' :m:b(l:l'll1: .fi'l.ON8ifid m.O~s I,igbd.y UElitiil, te:aJc.Jm:ilnig pp ail:: '!:he mp. 3 Play 'OWl' ''i»i1!sQ<l!!!nd_pobn: 2.

:PI:a.y a]l, die ~iglld:!.-n.oN~8#. :moving: tlIcbow $Iowly :ilnd :t:uCiiOlV.ity.

Begi1li the qrua:r~er"Il,O;tte6, .fI'and. play ('hem. m.ore and more 1l~t1y 1!nUn re<l!ch]lJ~ 'mp at the '~op.

4 'C!hang'C thcsoljlinApalQltdll_I'OQg',hortlt.

Phlil( ~ry[lO[:C: f .

.M.ove. ne~uer to meb:r.iQ:,g>e to play ,each quar[er~iI'l:m:e~ pbya!] the e:ighm-'nOl~es. 0111 so:t1!l1dipo!ini:E. 4,.

P1ay .~~ fil!'~~: (~~",qua"!1'ir"nCl~e$. '0'!1 sQ<U!ndp£JlL[l;( :2:-~,Mt~ey geE .~lghe'l:, iP~i!'y t3;1lem nea.fer !1IIOO neM',e;i 00 the hddg.c'~ '1.II.'iiti] ffic la.'51: :three m: 'f01!lii:';1i!:'C Ditll~\!,cry dose: toO '~he: bt'idige: (eighrr;b:",o,ores OJ] ~,oundpo~n[ 4, q.iJ;<W~~t-ii,ot!C:l8 On ooUl:l!dpoiJlit n.

-:11

E'x~rce..e- 2

5~ 4~3, 2~ 1 ~ a.pproximate!iioand.powts

:~

J :2 3, .1: s 3 5 2 4, '3. .. 2-
A. E
'" E A ~ 4, .4
.~ 4 , S 1

4, 3 4 :2

3 .2 .3]

:3 :2 :;I 1

2: 2; 2

Sim:p.ie a;ela(:h1:h S:im;p~,e d'Jr~t:J~e ls smeorh ilnd 'liW~f1 .. eac-h I1Qil!il r,oi:ne(jJ to the flex,[ witl'You( a break, It is a foundation for ,aU other strokes" be;C'allS'e the speed :!!:od PI'CSSi.lifi! is entirely

,!'::venrromtihe bl,,'{ll!:DJIl:ing of me srrote 'm rhe end.

,Accemit,ed d~ftU<i)he,: Simp:l!! detaciz,e beeomesaeeemed dirac-he when the even speed and pressure c'biange:s tofast.-slow ,md heavy=l,ight. Wh,en acceet .. d dJwm,J bcgins\!i!im a bite it beeosnes manele.

Eve,n, speed and Ipressull'e

1'Iw bmv s:peed and pressure of 5~tIlple ii'JUid:l-e sh(Jul,d b~ ~'ireli. When the ~ow is drawmun~vcn.ly. llte d'u1Jl1ges of :s,peed .;lind. p:res'suT,e' may bl:: e;KJn:I'~D]el}' sJligk~ and ma~~ ,CVCfll bl! unn!Olit:~a'DI'fl HI QUU1.y listener», Th~ iiim, af this exerciae Ii .. togall':l the, feeling of ,i'IIiIil even. sU'(d~£.whel'e'lhe speed a!!'.ld peessure does ;n.m '~h"nge. by first ddibln'(flr(_y Ith:arngin;g ~rnc: speed and pressure.

" For :du,], sake or cl:a_fity~ the vadations below are wrlnc:n otU using diftef'enl norevelees Ito show '[he d~e:rem parts of the sU'Oike" bue each bar 's!h'!;n,]:~d b~!d'cany sound li~e continuous, :sm.oo,Ih, Slmpleditaeld strokes. 0.1.'1 one nOi[e:

~ ... 60-S0

4 r i

et~.
tr ~; iF F 11 • Repe.;lUin,ge3ch bar several 'times" Grstp!ay the speed and pressure paue:rns in me UpPeT half. at the midd]rii. and :in the 1;(I"ve!:' It~lf. using qllar~e:r'"length srro,kes. 'Th,en. pi,!!')'" who]e bo'i~'s •

• Make the speed: 'Or pressuee changes so sUght tbJi!il ':h.cyarrc Ollly jOiSt noriceab~,e, 'p]a.y~ng eillch 8~oke almost c:vm:Jily;.

Speed change!;;,

F == Very wiih~y l:l!:ster' b.O"i!l :speed S = Vcry s]~t1ly 5<IQW(::f bQ\1!,' speed

:PreHUrie cha,nges

l'hry o,ru)~me sUg'Eliresc c.teceil,dfJ' and diMlirmmdo

"I~

ll:: r= r

lIe :SU[ie to make on~y me: very sli:sh,'[~s:[, speed (jI' pt~ssu!:e' chi!lnges~ as thou.gh you do noit wanl anyQ['i~ to liIotic:emat the s'rr-.o.iQes arenot in fact even.

11~',<lre'~-f':l" wtJ<d'Il h.r.'~ ~wrn1.ed ~CI 11l1(1~d~ un 1b;5 ·aJII~iJ®" ei;ht>r betauSe ~her 1[JIay

~m ~d a.r bIx~1Mi !he}' a,t' roo difflrull tu ~ jjreenl \Nt'li .erM)1!!.lh on pap!!! TIY.S is Ci!III! ~\,lch '!l'MlI·,iw, OOWil\<~ -t i1 'l'ef'j' ellertlve.

~ At ~ p,;!fly O['H;I?, ~p1'l ~11v@!~00i~ ~!tfrji!. llIpto~Oelay a.fil:l ~nW ''fOU' 1<i1lOW;, Df;I~ I'~ ,~ ~p!i'illi Illi!l lut 1oo~ 'f1\illi nying 10 rr'I,iI.ter iMlAlll.idiljk'

'OON Chat~ • .andl l'l;'e ~ 11.Ist I't~ tllilt 11 tiOM not 1!ri5l'I'

Be p:ani,cu]afil)J' ,e3refulin the last. Ictlorime!l:lie ur each bCI'I'il>U'Qke. FOl exampl,e,rhe speed palll:e:rn lome first bar sbould net become "f(JJs,t-slow ,3S:[" instead of 'fast-slow' .. 'The first prcssu:re pattem .iillo'Uld not become'hea:vy":Ji~t-hea~' m!itead of' 'hea.lII}'-lilghi'"

R,cP~.'l1t on each $tritii',·

Smooth connections

How to !I,t'op m~ bow well is no[only tt]eWnt to C'Iidin.g notes, but Is also a :parii: oil' connecrin,gsITOioos SmOG'lll.,.. OOfOit:hy D~Lay oC:ilUS: m:is e~erdse 'parkiing the bO\v' ~ Like bringing ;8 enf '[10 a halt. Smp tile carr gem:ly and :sm.oothl.y~ withouit 3 joh:; do :Il{)i[ ·stow down '[coo e:n:ly. O!lr drift on past the plaoe wh-er,e you w3L'm:d [oSfOp.

The notesju th~ ,example be~ow sound like on'€!jii:l:t.'ibro.!re11 haJlf;"r.I()'1!~ (m.inim), The Cied s:.ill::teefJith~note (semiqllli3vc:r) represcois di~ Ii/1st c~nfim<l!lr~ Oil the strok~,

~ M V
tl~r' ",I -Ii [. , ~II '1 Play repeated dOVi'D- and up2bOlVS on one .no~'e. sepa:mted by 'si'lence.fb!y .-1'; using, about ,f! quarter of' thF;l bow;, movmg the how :lilt: a medium speed, Move tha bow e'ii'enly~ -wi:tiwUi!: speedi or pressure changes.

_. In til!!: la-s.t ~em1'n~ifil! of each. sh"ok:e~ 5i1:~w down. and come tt) ~~e-[j:tle hilt: g(l[ stowe!:'. s~owe:r, s~ClWer~ and s,t(lp~ all: il;1, Ime5~ce: ~f moot.it a c.cn1l1mei!ToC or i~ss. The 'Shyppiing: nlillst not be su.dden) .oor· Mle. roo IODS. aad m:U$t b~ rendrelr ,el,i1'lffi" Leave the bow on Ill,e $rring.

.. Fla.)!, :in the upper half;. S'[ the midd1ic" al)d i,n the lowe'! hrulf-

l: Phi.y 'dle same sill'okes JlS before. bot: ''lfery gr.ad1l8Uy mabtht! sik'flicC be'~l1th<e notes til!onel' !:LOO sborter. Ftnill~!i" jOltl 'tbe: stfi)KCS" sri11, tparkin,g the bow' ilnthe 1;1'1 t 'c·cntlmene of each Sltnlil:c but :nCJIl!l p1ayilllg.3 continuous,; ,even apQ s:mOQ'Ul iJetacki.

Repeat 0,[1, c:~cl:I,stri~ll.

~~cjs~ 21

There: ill no !'illch. thing ~!l, ill completdy inaudible bow clli'i~. Fmu q:J:]iln1:e~[lil)le (c~'(ttclle1:) D'spRaty,ed whb, se'Pam~e blJ\II.rs wi!] nev-ex :so·urnd ~i:k.Ci; ii wiJ:lol~-Do~e (~~mjb.rev·e) D. :B,u[: ,if me connection of the st'robs. Is s-oUd and eVen ~noll]~,. and the .Hote ebonies, at tll!! same time.a!s ,[b~ bow, )"O'uJ: CaTIi. giN :an i_]l!]SlIOf:l Q,f Q!]~~u:nbroken SOlUlid.1

Use ilnlBr one (:e.I!I!~imetre of bow ',' O~ a~ '!he point, ·ml:!!d[:.; !ll:'!dhtd

~~r E

uS''" oQuartte:r-lmgd:li !lttQ.~(lSi m the pllmlt. middGe al'!dhe~1

,(~)l ,~

:11= ,~

lem

IT

Use 'ooiy on~ .(:~lIitimetre of :bcrw '(3,) at [he po.im~ nt<iddle ~dhecii

:p-r r

Use: ql.l.aroor-I~ Mr(lt~.s Q~ the point'. mltldie tu~d :t.lie~i

(4) 1 em

:11: If

Ptir-( s : t¥C:il. feoIl.e,' e31clllilQle COilrl[lc;;:t~ wlid1y te thclll."!t[

M.3ike 'each ;~teel1:I11.-'tlo·~t 'the ~ame 3~; :!b~ half notes ~n, bar S

Play eaeh sta;g~ itt dl.epoJ:n1!;, middh~ and. beet f'Ja,yon ea.ch s,trinJ;hu,sin,g' double S'[;(]ip~ as we]~: a1S· :si:[Ig1Ci:l(l'wes"

, Use (mly one t&:11u:metm of~; p]ayh~g UIP and down. as slowly as pOIS'f!i,hI~. Press thewood of die be ~I" d.own S:ligbdy teo fur't Wi;(hOUIL :re1e,asirng~ to wake· 3D ~!/ec"> :rmS:l3iI1OO1sn~r1d of sCfaitdl,

2 Play ordinary qU!:li"[[Ji:lt-]~:I'!gID.., f smike'S. Scrnlch '(he :Ias[ centim~lfll Qf ,~aC'h stt-Qlkl.l, ,and!:h·e flf'S1i:

Qe-Qtim~ of the ne:-i:t· suo~.e, jgi:O~1lg mem, tog;;ili.er gvenl:y~

Guing&om lh~ 'Qrdinary 'Stroke-unto me!lt:m:tch.ed last celtti:m~tte; 3h4JU!dl be smooth, [he: ()iflc flowmg mto' 'the other" .Do m~,5 :simply by slow.mg; die bOlA' d.Ql!m witho1Ji[ Cb3:r1gl:nS tll~ .f p~,"~rlj!. O\l'el:press. Silld s-cratcll, ,~\l'tllly> wi'mmn :rele:ar3~,

): Use !cmb' one ,clmt-inuure (Jf bow. Play 510",,1), and iQUdl}' by!! do not overpress, SoUdl~' C:Ofin~c[ the end ,Of cacho bow ro ['.fie begmning ,OF the IleMt~, .. lIiithou:t ;any roJI2a:s~of pr·esSiure:. &.0 that there is no break (lli' dimimIl~ndQbet\\Vei;n, m,e' SnfQ'Us,

,4 Pi~ qLl:lI'n<:r":len.gth~" widli ~ fUl[ ;s.nd eve~~y su:>mmed '[one", End and 'be:a:m each 'st:J'oke with one of [iIe nQt"'~cnltch,ed, cen'ti:meu,c~iong bows frum luage 3. loRl. the, strokes solkilliy, ,,,itnOU'l:3 break ordimirluetrtlv,.

. (1) (2)_ (3) 9
;pr ":" ,.
r F r :11:~ r r r r =11= F r r E :[1'
" ,Pla:y ~UQ!ke$ 'OD. oae note" Q(l1 each slring, at J = 810-92. Pia)' stages 1-7 Vjitho'U~tsWpiPing.

Stiiill wi[h. S:im.plic::tJitachd: smOQth~ e>lclJ;,eacJ.I s,noli:e !:ollm;ec:t:OO. m me nl¥li1 wI,ili.o'ut a bI:'e'otk.

2 Gradua:LIlr rnlC"reai!i(:' tb~ bow s,p~Cid and p:res!llllreat me beil':l:nn.mg 'of each 5ltOte~SO ma,'[liui(:: by little me: siHiIpJe dBtache bOOQm~ accented oor:adtJ.

3 Once the accen'ted daaen; I.S :snoot, begin to. stop the bo,\!;' at the end of each S[]l'(),ke. 'Gradually make me srnok~ shO'l'tel'~ with al.ol~ger' and .1o:ngeridlenc:e between them.

4, Dming the pause between 'f!iiCltJ: $'ffoJ;lkll!. b~gi:Q. to grlp me s,'!:dng siclently with th,e lOow .. G:!:adlla]ly gdp moooand :lnQr:e ~rm:ly~so tha'l:IDJ!: strokes be,gin wim ,31 swamr and g:NS.Wr bi~e ;E!nd clta:n~ m.w sberr l'I'Ult:'l:dd (see page 11)3) •.

~5 Q.Ij{;€ 'the 5"1;Jro;k~ hall cbanged iatn short 1n,aru:U." be.gjo. '1l0 ]en~he'n the srroil:\:.es, so mat me 1"lar1eJe becom,es more an.d m.ores'Ilsttiined!.

6 F:ioaliy anive at s"ost~i[led ,ma:riide. Begin C3Jch sU1lke Wd:w. a s,ttQllg bite~ wim great: pressure and sPIiiti:'d in the fim: quaner ·of me s;ucoIt(l". Then ~1ls.t3in the sound 'Wim a sl.ow.er bow, nlm:1i,ll:ing f &> 'the end. ThCl."C S'AoU]d 'be (he' ooa!iles'l 'Space b.e~recn CSicl'l, sO)OKe;; jilll~. ,~nOllgh time te caroh the string again ro lJ!li!ll_~me next. bite,

'1 Grnd,u3Uy,change' the stro~J::s bai_k.'tosnc;n:i: "l'(;jn'e.le~aJc~ti~d diitacf:e and oo~lIIy ,~im[lk dS'UWJ.€'.

l"fi&'~ pb.y with qlla.trer .... ]engrh :>t:l'Okes ~~ the po.mt. tnenin '[he midd:t~o:fdle bow .. and ;at the hee~. Repe.n widt half :Ien.gth strokes in the up:pcr half, :miidd~e, :and loW'e-t' haLf"

Repeat 01.1. each suifiig.

• Play K:reutz1!l ENdc no, 8 (or;iI. 'similar slud.y)" ~s fQllows~ making; the pmmm stl'Ok~s in bars :2 and 4 ~oiilildilden.ticaJl to '!:be detad~e: S,trOI:liC5 in 'bars 1 and 3,

"Piay ,!!it Si med~Ltm tempo if:! me upper hil:Jf~ ~idd]e~ aad ~OVi!ff ha11f.

:11

I ~·f1iP. 26'.pag.;!.l-6. 'C~~~hlri9' i:It"il' rt~!"t9'~l anl3<lner I!!O:arn~ of iftC"'fi>:~]' ,'!.';ng' .,u ,~1ed t1J 'm~Stl:ai ni~' ,~ tOOli'¢.Mi

orl~~7),

Galam:ian desc:r~b"ec;!" dll.'Ii suoke as a ·f.l~earo' w.ith the bQ\'\r::

AIt:B:io~~··it.llS JmrmeaLly alo~""'I:-fi1iiLf s;!.[l0kci •. [I"e.gbhui,y ph.flug ~l:'e m aU par.ts bl'.d:u:!;oliJ"" greatly imprtMtes toae p[{)duct:i6:rn:

in .. generol,

PIi':l8" (oNti s;tj(o"ke:

1: P:lM~ me· eOVI' 'Ol~ d1.¢ stri»g, iilt ,:;liOO!llt(h:epmt~of-balanc~ CurYe' the fmg:et$ end 10W\'!r me bJ:u.C'kles, (pig. 2:9:a). ";Ca~cili" me' SHitjg}.'1

:2 Mate ·rhe·dewn-bow·stt-Ok'e; by 3tr~i.llnenID.;g the .finlf~~ quic:kl}';. ;]pr~, at the !>.ilme time lift me' bow oir .wi rb the lIr,m ·S!!} th!lt: the nate riD\~ (Fif!;. 29b). 'The :loh.li,gle "click' at me ·heginning· ,of me .S:b'oke '~l!lSt rJiot be'. a: ~rill!t.cll: relea s e m~ ·.(:lIf6Su;r-e·'<J:~· ~I,}!l a~ ~he·stto~'be~in~.

3 Place ille how hil!;;k. on th~ .string, wrtb the .nl'lg~~·s~iglu~ ~d me -knuckles·. ih:i~;;"h~t (P~. 29cj; :and 'catoeh" the ·$ltring.

4. Make the Jlp.-bOW Sb"OI,tf,\c by ,Cl;lTviJ:\g: me fmgers. qu,iekly. ReJt:3se ~e' pl!'eSSl.Ire ;sts..~QOn ~5. th~ ,srrQih btgjrruii. :a.nQ_ Ijft off ·with. th.e arm {f~. :294:).

Warm~upe1Cerci:Sie'

P.lay (:~m;trn~!Jus'tfjl.lJs..pD one a~)te, li:l\irig ~he-bQW Q,ff'aift~ ,esrdil- }s~r6k~"

• S'l13:r;t'3Jl: '~he h~lili. :rr~1l,!y <'ei(lcb .~ttoJ;e··a,cetltimer:rc higher 'up th~ b-pw··ru;~ll. tru: ·"I;am,.grad.uaUy YI'(Jd.jj)t up !be;! bot)¥;' 00 ~le. :p.Qi:rn. Then wotts. back (l9W.Q t·o me heel a:g:a'in .

• ' Pirs;tp-lay ~I~ up-l;(>w-$) the~ aU d!IJWD':b.OW5~ and IlhM al1!er-R'<lIte up and down .

• '·Piey on ~81Cb .:suing. jn, I.tlW. middle and.fu.~ poS:fdorm,

~. "-- :_..

,...

-,

I'" -"!-" ·1_

., .

,

lowm' .. ,

,mj.d~le •••

middle', .•

Violin 'ConQerl'O' no. 2 :i!lll D minor, QP. 22, ~v·.l Wieru.a.wski

J ~,g 3. ~,J I: i tidY j
.~. .-'
~ >- ;:;. J.I; J j . 3.1

. . :;it.::;: 1&'.

- .._...' >, ,;i1!!o

f 'tmtrr:atli e: ""baro

M~r-{'dt st[~k;e:s, are p'l!lyed with Q~ii\.t:y-l,iShic:.. bow pressure 'mti fiillst'-sJow btrw '5'.p.e,ed.~ ~iI:l~:illniil'l;~ wid! a (biltii"

S:bm,;:t 'ma:Tte~';, Sb~rt, 'qu:ick 5,t;I'IJk€: ~i:ilid.ing wim sr!enee.

Sustained 'ru:u,teM~ After 'me initial 3naCk !::h·e bQW speed :15 stO'ii>'eX; and the pressm'e more· sllSta'iR'cd.." 'Miliutdl~' 'allY .sepantioR. bE)~lii'n ·the. £tFo.k~ - jU5'!: enoo.gh, rlm.e ro··catch ~e ~triDg a~:in :n:;;Rdy for mt !l~%I:. SU'ubl:.

Fjiy ill ailllpaf'Es of tbe b-ow.

11 B:ei<iIc playinl!l, e<Jich~ijW:" ~l.op me ht'lw on. ·~e. s~il'l!jj;., Press: 'EM 'bi)w down I're,ai\;il.~ ru $~I? [jh,e.~l.di~t bru:d. t".-~¢: lilu!' hairr. P!Jl~ and l'Y8~ th~ str~ng: ff,(IIf.J.:s~d~ to s.fde. (i>"bJi.}Wil as i:!Jl X-I);(Jte in the E:l!amp']e} .. This ~,u.ll;l: -'be: eni:irelliy s;11em ~ ,do ilQ1: let d~e s~rl.ng ~n.:ap b~k. •

~ Hav,lllg moVed ifl;e:str:ing from side to, gjd,e s {e;w tIHiI!es~ srop ml! 'bow 011 the ~tring t'lPirhq.1l.t ndctning the

·prt.!.tllrt. Then :p~:ay 'ttbiiI n1,qr;teki stroke. .

, ~ t':\ II f':'o, f."'I V r."I t:\ 'it ~ m II ere,
1"11 ", M n
1 J J J jj )' =r1 J¥ ;
)( :x ~i x
'* "* .Jr K.A.","" *' "'" .....
:;;. ~ ·ffz
:;0- rP' """ p- 1ft ifz,
Vz ,¥fz UZ . .,
. ~ ~ionQf the ~tri:ngs :incl'@a$e~ <'1$' rI:'ie <§r:rfug lengtb gets shonc'tJ mating $e 'carch' of tb~, Slltl'iDgs diffe~fWJ" 'Play mi:i ,e.xerds;e 'I:IS1~ b.v{l~oct:ave ~~1l1e"s ·ir~br-01t'!::n. d:iiro:s~ in Que position 'across the 'sti:En,g5 majo; p.r miDQ''!:; in the, {ti]loWlns kill)'5::

'11 .'\ (1s! pO!l,ition) Z :E. (5th i;lfAAi;tiQo) l A. (S.ih poSfrtioon)

F~nge" ,action

.Tn 1nartdJ, the 'l'in:gtf5~trnlghwn !l]iihd:y on th~downFbow and :1le.'X, on me up-b!JWi: rgr. Uw ~PlltipYSi}$, of m;:

M!tC~s;e~ ~:t:agge:''<lIm :fu1$ HlMemel;lt g:rea.tJ!y~pj;g,. 30~ S~QWSt 1fu~.ha':i'~d, j_~1t b~f6fi?: the d~W-J1-boW~J!Bd FIg, . .30l'l· j1iI£1. befofe' !he ·l!p"'bow.

Fig. 3:0

, s~ .sw~' [€.'.~'t P<l9~ ';6

• P~ay t~fi!l"8t b~r usin;g o:n~y '!he: fingl:VI. ZI.!'idlrw arm ",II.niejj'llt7ir. S11r,:1I.i:ght¢n the fingers 'to make 'm£ down-bov>~, and curve (t1I;~tte(l. the 'knuc!4es more) 1::0 meke the up-bow.

'. Thii.':ill'i make 'm,<e str'OLkes with the :s:lim~fi!ligJlr<iction" li>ut with! Si f'as~--s.low arm mov,ement: as well.

J=56

Mhldle- of dI,r: bow, USIi: only tl!.,~ :lingers.

n V In V

~' ~' ~ ~

'.

. .

,ifri

Point [omiddlle. Usr::: :anlliatid flll:~ell:!l' ro~ii:dLl::'lr.

V n V n

Ii ' I ) i 7 i 7

:111

"it

Bow hold

,P.I]a:y COi'!:~MU'Ousp;rl~!",t.eI; stt<1k~s en ene :nmle in cllll' upper. :ha'lf., with a P31.t!S!i: '~Lwce:n e;ach Stfli;l~. 1 'lPIlaeinglbe tif'St :t1n~:r fiilrther mom me :thu...mb

,~f m,e fITs~ ,fin:ger :is too~a~' to 'thetb,um.b, 1!heu is not enQugh~rn!c .. If it is tQ'O far ~w;ay' from. t'l:i;:: 'm,wnb. d'Jiere can be I~nsi()n I:ii dle b~s~ of (_11~ firsl: fingl!f andin 'th,e base of dIe. thumb.

• :Begjn, Wllth me' first fin§er very dose milie second flLoger, After ,eyezy JOUl: Sti'~lr;!l$ or se, HlO\'C' the :fin~t 'fingt'll:' 'lOlightly higber U~lhiC DOW, i!w8!.'Y .fromtll,e second, ~" Fwd tb;e place where d1c 'fifrt~ finger has mar.-dm.um c:ffec[ with we least Ilensim1i.''You DLnyfmnd the bow llold more bi,i!:a:l"!ced :fif YQ'g plac:ema sOCQud finger 'Veir~' !inghtlyhigh~r I,rp lim. bow than the mum,b.

:2 Tbn!.<ing'dlie bIDlidmm(!!OBI,J)t!he: j;Ii"S~ fmg.e-l'

:If i'.he band does 1101 ]ean enough 111((; irh~ bow" these i's Dot eno!J;gJii, pOWliir :in the .rn,ar~i!l~. IT it leans ~oQ ·much. me toae iii 1100 I,)lrc5sed a~d &ql\.tmincd.

• Be:S:tn, wilb '~he rm~ers qJuite ¥el:"dcal 01], me bow, hf:'teT ev'ery :fOi!J:r :s~bs, 10:[' ~(l. ]ean ,slight]!!' mere oil to the 'bow (pmMre). fond rneilngle where 'dte hand has maximum effeciI: with 'the purest '[(lnt,!.

3 Low~ring' tilJekttuC:ld.es

If the buckles ~:re' too h~> 'me:r11: is, not eoo1;:!,gilpowcc ill. the: ",i!t:ll'"l:tl/e. U d!~y ,are too ~ow (;It nro:igb.: l:inefrom 'me back of m,~ h:md aeross ithefingcrs); 'Ih~ hand 'can become tense.

," \Regi~ \:vhh 'the' mucl!:1es q;UI:t!:i ~jgh. Aft.e'l levcry foUlI:' :!i1I'OlKs 0]' so" [(l'\!iltiitbem II .litclc more, Find lM posjtion .of die Ml'Ic:ki,(:J;s where the bal'illd !il3S maKimun. ,effect wim the ;greaulsr ease,

P:ra:ctise 0.0 c-ach string' because ,of me dji!CiJentstrin_g tenslens and rliticb. sses, each string t!ll@ll:s co,nsidc.rably dlfiere.m.

Manyvio[!ni.~iS, have meLT own wliY 1)[ plOiylng StiliCCS.tO. A.sloog as i.1t 'lA1O:r'Ks: 'wdl It does :110'[ matter !:towyou do h .. But the bcs:[ Sl:acCUWS ofien ~ppear to be some c:ombil:JiI!lIDOn of 'me fullo\!;>ing fatcro'l':!l;

ThE!i'm'pli!lsccom.(,"Sfitomm~ hf~aa;m~ whh3 rel3:!iied. UPPC:I':lIImiJ,. 8Jld you .Ier the fmger.s. (and hand!) mov,e._ m omer words, .!!!pa~$IVemovement of the .fillgc~ h~lps to m:ak>!l' each l'l:OOO:. Th.:ll hand :aind l'illl,gefoS p~,ali' ~t:h Sfilicca:m :n>Oi~e~ 'fi'le 3ifm. simply '~t18,porti!];g!lrue hand! ~:ii!:e ilie beamef 3. crane.

'[lie bg~r mQvemen~ ~s ".s~igh1t cllrrvillg~l'lIdsl;:f;a:igh'l:~ltiI1i!:l; a~,!d :a sl~p~supin;jni!C)([l. and pro:na:dol:l ... (See ~,~t 27.J Th~ fm~1S ~11l;i'Nlnl,d sup_ina~!. ~[·the &l%m~rijll1@'!i:opi!l'Y m@ :!l{)~~; Uwn ~·tra[p.[liiln iltld :pmO!1.ue~D ]lttjpare fOf the nesr n.g!~c:: ..

.:momer a.ppn):!Ich i~ [0 beprbe f;i~n mUd W1 me bow {l!OO.1l1ake e'<I:c:h note with '~. forearm. or whole (jmJ. Eidj~!rW3y '~be :liJl'rnL can be Ieese or s:~ift H~we'!!!'er,. almO!IJ:gi. 'S:~~i.dti:nge!:·~ sliff1~~~~C"Tfo!> can be \~rj fast aoobri!]i~n:~" me)' may SQiJX[!(i tOo pr(;lSi$<tl:d Md .~:31'Iljj1.

lJP-bow: (I:) .1'1:11'1 o.n ilh~ ouOO:c- !td.ge; ,ofth>e haruf; (2) higb.er e']b!tWli (3) a;ngl~ me pw~t of m,I.l bow !l.li_gwn[y tMl'lIrdS die ftllger'boaJl\dI;; (4)~~an th~ :I);a:lld s~i:§ih,dy tDW:1lraS !!:he: oomm :[if,l~:l'.

D'~wB~blIlrW; 0) lilri'lii::t ~'~of~:a:irJ' (2) 'lower; e!.h~w;, (3') ~.11g!e m,·e .~O\i~t ofih~ bow sl:iglJit~!r"'l:om:rds me br:ijge; (4)lea:n mel'w_!].dJ s]ightJly mo:ri!QQro me first finger"

Irt oft~Ei b.~nps if yG'u[ake '[h~s~ci()j)d and f'o1:lr:m :fi1'llgeTS oill' tlle bow:hoiiding the bOW' wilh 'Ofl~y~he :ffrst :and mird f't_~:n: {md 1ih~b) ~ PiUiI[ in 1.1g]litli.y1lIg.<lIilh8[ -'!:hiii fmg: witth.mc ilfl:liir.ld! fin.ger ~uring the s.~ces:m,

:ID 's;t~(;{:::IOO YOlIlDav~m I<lIs~ c;[longh pres!ii·1:J[N!~ playit:l!gmrom.e el;<!isdc spring of ilie' bow, bo'l.v hail' ;J:!lld ~~tfmg~ Ma,t (he OQW J)a.ul;l"aIl~y QQQQea O'1iJ!t ,g-f$t'l ~rrm®: (w.im.uu'I1.learvmg me s:l1'mg)~ atl:er ·ca.m suokie. Play 1tk;(l"P 'm:N) me sr~m~ (bend '[he woodo.r me bew down ~OW3~S (he :tta;i:l:), $otllil;ar: '~hill: bow sprrungs n3;tut1!]~,Y .

Rtpjdi, antid[!cJ~fise f01"~ .. rm rotont~o!li;!l. :an Tirt:)por[lI[1!t iI:nD. mQ¥em.eD'i: :in tbe staeeeee, ThebO"W stro~e 'iha,t plays: each ili!ta:C,C3WIl.ote is cln·"'ed,.a~d is :pl~y~d. o;il:t:Qu~ .. ul thes<triIlg •. nO[: as a ~;1:[";1I~1 liue aw1;l.:g' me 'strillg,'rhea;ng!e 0:[ th~ pli~s~.mrn 1(!{[ eseh n.otr; ,t-u~trSS W:~() them,ing ~the:r. than :p1!.!i~hing do'Wf!! lI'erdc:..aI]!il. Wn:~th, til.e point Qi{' ~~:ebow wttil;e p]a.ymg ~5t~C~10 :rl;ln: the po[otmakes Httl,{J~di;pp ]tlg~ :mOve:liilen:~ ~p aridd!!;lw!].

Con~Uie the foUowing cxampllies. up to tWl!:.Rty. Willrtyof !illQ[,esrrub:.-s iIi (i'i':i!.': bow.

v V n V V
,
, -- ,
_I V n,

.

v

Fli

,

,

- ...i'

.Iz - .Ii;

\I V V V V

:fJ:&lE"RiU

J:z Is, JZ

IFi

J

v

J

J~ ./"18 Is V

• I ..

, ,

'IPiilyin the: liJiPP(:;[ b3]f:.B~~1f.l r.:b~l.I:p';bow :St:a:C;€a:~QS. near tihe po'im~t:l!e do\ll'~-"bgW ~t .. .t:GlIit.o~ ntlar 'me middle,

• Touch dlegr.:lIce nO![{:l !:IS .Iiptiliy afid~~. briet1.y ss poss1bJe' .. ,Begin ewry .fo\!l',ith. ;1 bite, (~~Vi'l l]liL~ [lOW '11[1 me' stlmg afli:erc:!!wfl'.)

'. '\1\Ihe:1JJ thelrtl .are o[dy a ,fewSII::iX);kc:s ~n, ·each blM'l, mS1Ke ~:i!rgcr WJ.o¥el:I~e:nia betw<eelll dl~ li.WO '$!tringll., .~ more .a:nd mlor,~ ~itroke:s <1!l'iil :i.d.d~d, !l:l"acll];a:l~l pLay wim.me bow M!ln!l' and ue are·rm.~leve] of th,e 'I;'WO 'SWIl~S~ wni1a~m.ost playit1ig lit doU:b~e!iitQP. I[t,"Jhqta,,..er #w t~WJ!lNIr oj m'(Jkf]S i~l a bo.-w. ~ as l{tllf:. brn{l .as' po:rible.

rJay Cin 'Ill!.': G~D a:l1d A_;E slrin;g;s.,

I ~ Miir.ri!1e. P. &3 Ma~ I~ .an ,o;!j'.'unple of a ~I1MLIIiIl' aha! -OM OJ'~ ITmil: Derl;ln'" i!i ~oI1r.a;n ~~ It. is IfflP~blt 'ttl c.'Itcb llioi;, ~'mg bdOire eilch snru~ , 1J~ oo,...w~ Instllllaive SOiulloo is, to lOlA in(! ~iit!':i.il~ Itli,,' III OI1lI!' 00""', ~'" ~ ~h~~ ~ed ~i.O!Qc.a~o lOIn r '1.!1A.11'r>ple:i of ~ped imit'! <ml WiCC;i!CI. w.A1(jh ,b~~ ~ «!t~ii'i ~e;d turns Into ~lIilfi' " ~ t~il~L'II.m 1)1 rlili:?lilJ!l ill'ld DrowiaO

'fR}efS ~ldu~1y, ~ M'r~ !!'ItO 1C(I«k_~' ~:~1~9)

,Altennatiive

To :k'ecp me curvcdrr:lOWm~nl: small. pi,ay tl!J.e .gr~ce Dote :~1! 8 dQuliliC 'Srop dnx)ugnou[ Iil~ .!f!C'AH:'diSi):::

.. ' V V

~_J

II V V V

;IijJ~

/.$ .Ir .fZ

Solid sta«~~n :i~ :~~]re ii'!i seeles of :1:'.Rpiid 'h'i<ilrMfe Il[t(~kes. al,l in Qf!ie bow; I

• When mer-e tatt i),a1y 'iii few sno:ke.s ill each bow, make very heavy bi~~ :11[ the beginn:ing of each S,W;CCi:!OO by catching the: 5'tdn~ heavil:y,. and immedi:atd)' play the rest 'of 'dle stJ!Q:b='piiillJo. ,As more and mere strokes. areadded gra.d!lUIlJy pl.ay widt a s:m:aHc'J1.' and smilJ!cf' b~tt:e.

," :Play wldl nll'e 'same c1!.t[ve:d sU<Qke '!liS in the: prleVim.Dil ,~:r:cli!ie:.

'ii fieel :ho",,' lh·e stick wants to bounce QUI: o:f me st~ing ~fiter 'eaeb atlack even wileD ehere aoo J]j;al1l~ strokes, an in onebow andthe hitle hlll:S b~~me very slighit"

v V in ~ .. ~~
~r r - ;It r r F r F :~II
n I'iI V I'i
f-Z ft dm .. n

'if

'IIEf

n fz

~-~--~~~--~-----

:IIITt r- '- ~ ~ .t=f

F

S'triilngl ,c:rOS$~ng5,

Suing cro$lSin.~ Cain ,s,poil ail'l! otherwlse sood staceato, This e.J1ardse eevers all the possibilities m the soiiD:ni way ss l!1!:er.ci~.e 53 ..

.. Play w~d1 ;:l! !JIgU'o~[()Dle. 'beginning !;low'ly !u J = 60 a;nd ,gtad.ually .i;f;Icreasing to ,512:0. • P:la;' up- snd dowti,~bow~ in !he upper half !llf(JiugboUI.

.. Play ;"Yi,th.a strong rbytlm:ii,c,pglse, prtaCl:i.s,in$: wi.m a. stm~ ace . 'Il!t: at U)~ begiJmin;g or ~rej'y SroUP' of fOtl.r notes, Later, feel the accents wiimo'Ut sOI:md:i[!:g them.

........ "

, • +

Practice lMi!:!ftliu::n:j

PmDW!i:' ~n str.ing crOSSl!lJg$ in :!l[fi()C;t!O runs :~!; dQll!lb~e StCrpISI' 'as in ml! tmen::i!il~.

Vio,llir.l 'Concei'tO j]g;. 2; in D minor, 0iP1., 2.2. mQV, l W'i~J-ti~w~~i

I

, ,

--'1

- .. -

g ..

iNoO'f(:':Beiot'epi,ai)'ing ~tatOca,~o, ailways :61'5:[ practise the HIII1SMr,;k ordinary :s]~.n:Tltd leg.8JlP, m [IUI~~ 'Sure [h,al!he :Ieft [tand. is even. Thcll a,Cld ~b,~ stflcca!toc The s~n .. ie ,!!!I,'lplies 'm mispmctit::~ method.

hm,olo ex@n:iises

• P,laY:1 fast ttemolJo at tlle poin~, luling OIl,I.'! Cen(ilil(!lSit:!"'e olf bo,w~ f. Use the ilrm,Ci r use the h~nd.lli1'lid! f'iDge:r,o;"or a co:mbill]:stlon ,oi!': 8Im[\ee~ 1;Q m;~~e d'l:e S!h'Q.~e.

" Grad.uaiPy begin to i'caKh" me :string y,'im th~ up-bows (lit). This causes :the- bow !Co begin ~.(I m.o"e a.way from. tl1e point~ m.mr,ing in it S'tilcC3i1:Qt(lwardis the middle. Let ~t turn into a proper staccato, and play to m~ mi.dd]~ of the bow.

II Play tle tremoloin m~ m.iddle o;f '[he bow tiC) begin i!Th'lie d,olWn~'bm ... Sl~C~W~ amd then mO\!i! 11], 3, SIDaCC1i:[O [0 die l'oll1t.

v

t, e Es§; e' 1 fErri ; :fiE ; rkbi

Y-- ____

i:;i Ii' ,. .'.~ . ". .. ,. .

parrjjFqrr'h'rIB

MI

,./ At: the middle

.,1

::11

Scal~es

fl,ay twO-QC:tayeiSiC!l~eS:l ;:Js!CeflAii[lg and dx.scerJiding. Ail~le m.e bow 'h:t :flOfme up-liow StaiCcatol' a:fidp~lry O<I'! me Ot!IWJ:' edge' .of me It:aii. .. ,An~le the be",", 'OUt;' rot una dow:n.':bo"'l sooct<I~O~ pJaymg ondle mner ed~ ofdte hailt'. (St~ Fig. 25~ page 23,)

• US{l<l!5 little bow a'S poosi'~l'et in [be uppernilllf;

• Be:gj~, the ib:yithm, p8rc:~,et.fi£ a~ s]ow:lyas fi~C\l$Siil~)aM. ~dt.l:rl~ly$p~d. up \.l!I:tti.l d"ley a!!Cv,cI!'Y Cast.

• tt'[ me slower speeds ma~ean ~e <!i1e:1I111:~t~ of tbesttOke ]~xger.: a deep bi.lle~tmle begmnrn~ ,olf lite ~Uiokie. ..b~g_ "hooking" .mdvement:3!S t'hie bow-goes roo,m birl~s: ['h~ s[llJ,irug to l'~~.(J;aJsmS. :l.v.i:si'bl'e nlJO'!JIeme.nt aloog the slrin;g: to mak~ each []!QOO, .A$lh,e ~p~d gen f1l!s'ter'. each (It!" me~c' ~lemellrt:s basee g~[ s:m3ji~r.

" '" -.,

etc. ete,

!Ipfm. titm 0

,

~, I

~----~--~~~--~

1ft JSSrJ J~J;U fJZJJ1 J Jll~F

J ,j a ,sFJ

" '" '" til

J j j j, a

... ~

Amt~:rrnJative

Ph'ty 'til!: $am'Cl; dI}"dims without pausing: Of! the hsU"no!j;e (n;inimJj, usi:ng COli'ltiIl1lll0~:S d(IWfi.. <\'lind up.Ih{)'W 'swcca,to.s~

Kreutzer Etude nl!o. 4

, P.I~ymc. wno~.~ :srod.y riI][iOIJ:gl1;, Ilr:S'l with; o~~ s~~cC'ato ~D aacee, the:!1! twa, mrcc: Sind f:o!UJ[;.

!1f:'18Ylhe ftrst note of a !i[liCC3IDO nID11 wim an ~.ITa ilmi'il;g 3c~n'~, WhicTD. <ltick!;" "!l!~r~!'J u_1'f, This is mu:s;i~~Uy lind~s]raJl)]e il1. most ca<:ies,. bur is ;'.t:lS~1i;J] prnc:~~ce: method,

• li'rurS![ :play with a. s!:ight: psu,se (tt1!s.rkedby me Oo.mm3)~ and US1il[i:ta!ttim.ctQ· grip '~hi(l $tri.E1igwlthm~ 113i['. ,M~.~t Mecomm:a.,p[ay tbllS't;1OC1'lI:Q fbl~ begll)[l!Il1(S w:iiihi31 ~ltEl!tp~cC>C',!l1i. lit d(les not m8U~r H the ·~0:m_m3. d1stQ(rit,.~ d].erhy:trhllit5Iigh1!1y,La/-rer~ play "!I,'imoliJit the oo.mma.

4'2 Btl:!dl~ Q!Jj capri~s:) no. 4, Kn::1l tzeJ:'

1"1 V ~~(';, In V :> n V !Ct~,
:> ."'"
::... ""' ~. ="" '!II' .'''!'''7'~ '" .. '~I

n:I"I~~'

.lboutmlte-spiiCica,m

,Aloo ~ ,~. ~~;g~ 62..

1be enermt (1(£ 3. sp.i.cc:a.rt:Q I.flitJ:crea'lled (;iT decrl;':a:sed b)1 .. hw.!:IDt,i ·~!;)speed. ~if dl;e. Sp1eCltm sm[{e ir'S~l:f (whj~h.it not to be oo!:tfusedlwi:tb t.lie tempo oifme !i1iO~_s) •. Th~ ]~S[ efil.fIt1f oo.m~sft:~ni ~D eveQ stIio~e.> w.trn. thessme speed of bow lJdo.ri! aJu.d :aifre:r tQl]cbiog !he :S:fl'in:g;, we ~1L~i:r catchin.c me ~lrin;g ~t the oo~t.Om ofdle !cu:rve. The most ·eoe~gy somes flll)m. :l! sp~cca:~o s:ttoke d'la.t be;glJm:!ii dose to ·m.e!lui~ ilr.n1 !!him. mo!,li~ ve:r~ qwc:kly~ CSitc~i,n.gru:e$m.lJig hard aad sudde:nly> []hrowi~ me ~trob out ]ih a .pbtz{c<!t)), This is V(!ry sjjm~la[O eol/~'. ~c:.e:ptlh:a!t in. a tfUl'l t:()/le dlte sa'Q~ebegins on tAt:: s!~.mg. lix('lmples:

Sillmll1ilii(ll,oo[ii~~mc! K3fii.,mo1{,] 1 ...• • MQimlrl:

4Wri7LN~~ @i$Of§

I Vip9m CQ:n,oc;:l1Q in.I\.,K2]9,.mu'\f,,]:

85. . . Molttln

tJ!QffA @ adSn tJ n ~

~r;Q.di~ method

~ay each ~mliRe on il:besame pa:f[ oh~e h~di!" :J:I.(fflr 1il!e po:Lnt-of-billi~!!ilil:lCet w:imm.:n 'lnIvelD:ing iI]Q"rig: dlF1! bow:.

Viol~i!lCmlOI14"1!p ~Il D~ .Kl ]:8",1:'1I)\/", rn

,01 V VJ Momflt

" II

5pic(,no

, ~ ,i\bol;f{ ihr r;oo~t fJf rliE!. OOW wiln;" me h.md. ~ .. 12-

Th~ !lpilAaro, strolte can be approachii.d. as foUmiV!l: !I~artillg from high ilJbo'IIC me ""{Jilin, mak,e :Iarge 'Sen:1ici!rcle-... ~'iTh the bow; just c-an:hiQg the string at die VI;.,"'TY bottom ofilic curve.

M.ll..ke progressi\rely smaller an.dsm:an~r semi6rc;;le:N..moving, IIloIllg the su.inga lirde io:nglOr each time. u.J;ttU ~e !lemici:rdes are Vl:lI."y· snIla~;1 and produce a dCSiI'l. sphr:c::u!O ..

The bO'w wants eo beunce, The i¢lca 'm:n playing Oil me sni:n g is Cat!IY" !'uld lifted bt)''''''ings 3il!t\ mote difficult, :is uo'( C!O'rr,t:C~ - :r3th~:r ~t is m;~ other way rO'lilind., To !i'I1~t;ilafi the 'sound reQuge~ d()ir~g, l.e, , pusbillg aga:instth~ spri:ngi.nes.s of the. wood of I~he; bow. bow I:Uilu !lnd strmg. UJ'~'d bowingsrequire ,le-ning. i.e., not resisEingthe natlli~1 boWie!;); of We nm'i'out of the string,

1 Moving the !U"DJli SiS if playi'llg short: up- and down-bows, :pby continuous bounced strokes OiliJione suil:lg. Hold Me bow '\vJill1Ii,tk~' ~ln~,,!b ami S6COI,;d finger ordy.. Do, fmt u-Y' m m,ak;e: ifu~ bow bounce- - Let it bounce by ilStl·~f.

l PUt ~e tbilJd and OO'i1ii'l'lI tlUngt.'1'$ on me b~r. w~thQ'C!t 'tJloe nau.u:',ai, b(lUifi0e ,oJ tltc bow d:ilrl:tini$:ldng,

3: F11;1;~nY" :!O!dd me rm-t finger .. Feel bOoW the pad tJ!ftbe fffirst ~ngl.-"'t> on the side ohh.e bow, belps keep' lite bow sua~gt1t. wMf,,\: 'lite p,an of '[he first fil'!gel' !DI;!, 'to'p of me b ""r does not prevcnt the bQW from boulliCin,g fmely and :naru:r;al~y; I

Play as high as me .rn:iddle. :aQd asluw as the 'Po!in:(~of':bal:.ul::e, on cadi s'rri:ll'Ig.

'Plroporti,onlS

J\.]I. me dj5'eron1 ty:pe.s of :spkeato strokes areaehlesed by u$ing: di:lfer~nt prQ,portiOOl$ Qf t.he vertk,al, anti IIDl,e hQr~zontSil m,O'lI'em.enrs oli cl'l,'c bClw .. The higher ~e o01!1no~ and me less mO'v>et"llClliT: at'ollg 'me :S~~['I~.Il!.: 'shio.:trer a:nd [;ris[i~r 'th'''::i spiccat'Q becemes, The ]~wer rhe bouaee Mid 'me mon~ tl)o"'emllellt gJQn:&l' 'ihc 'Sttj,n.g~ dle ]onge,ra:nd mere rounded me s~ioc!im

E:x:el'Ci:se ~ .... H'eiigiht i[li!''I;dlllength

filil'Y cominaous St.rOlke:iHll'i. One nme.

1, Pla:Ying between the poiinE-{)C .. .balance and the midd]e; tapthe 'bow ~rtic~dly up and downonthe string (me s:iim~ 1irffi mQv\~llItmt as tUTning' a. door haadle), 'This do@!> nor. mli.ke aJn:y J'~3J1 !j:Q'u!'l/di •

.2 Beginte add, ~e~gm ee me wrcic:dm~erl!l;. DQ 1!bis so gl:~d,l.1al~ mlul~e Sl'1ltJ~C Chiiilg;iiS jmperc:e-ptibDy. As 'm.Of!e ,and: mQre l.enlth is a·d.ded~ iIlbe s:rrokegt3dtliil}' (!li.ii1n;g:e5: io,!:·g a d;~an s:piCC'<1to ..

3 Co.tuinue't<l add. ~Cfigim 'so [!hat []rut; s,p:icG:$oo' becemes more and more rounded ('Loag s:pi.c..cm,{),') •. M1!<e'J: a whi]1l; dj~ Iililir b(lgjl]s lo ~tiJy QQ me string 'while 'me wood ,e.fdl.e ·bow ~ontiinues t(1 b01;lIDC~. :Le[ !his l'inal:l}! delle~op ~l'It'o a! 'lflhoIt deUldtt', rhe hail' Slaying: on die string .. :II the time!,lOrj[l:lout the wood of the bow 'bonncin,g .

.4 Gradu:a:lly shorten me l)U\lKe and begmro I~t 1I~.\l: wooa iQif'lthe' bow beuace' agltin while 'the :ba~[ s,t'tl1s an the String.

C@mi:!}~~ to, S~Ol:tetl, the !ltt'Ol!ie m[Jill me hair 1llil.<V~s. tlh.e 5tfm_g., 'endirllgQI) back <lit .(he vertka]tapp,ir.i8i. :5 Du "the :s~ iDr~er~~; f>wr1t d'itar:U6Qfa. 'the: !j,Ui'fl$} :s.hQ:r[l~n 'rh.!! srtukes WlI1till@l\lpi:llg ve'rdc~dly" ~<I 1ti1e:1'I lien;g,men ~g.ain hack O!ll. ro the :su.ing.

?' " T ·r

, , of'l

, , . , .

,

,.. II .. I

, 1

,. I

" ,

II

Ven'stlon:, ,cri ij)spiCC3ito

ShWt ~;pd<:C;lOO

Sil.eolVClui.c::d Mmo~a

tapping: s.o'l.l!ruiin~

A1m.ooton the'lllI'iflrlll

Of! the smng

M01'i!! roufIded

P.lay on each Strill~ and. :in different positions to include various string 1itJ:r.iSlons.

:&e,rcii!!!@' l ~ Ar,ea of bow

l)]~y (iJt:itinliOU$ $p~Gca.~,o strokes on ane 010'0::.

1Be-gln a couple 0'1 ce:lJ!cime~ helm\!' the midd!lK! :p'la,ymg lighr, :fast sttQke-s. Keep me bow close '[,0 mesnmg:.

2, Wimolll:1 :!i:Jio:pping: the S:trOkes; &low.1,y move' !.ower down the: hQw~. G[:iilduiJ~y ma,ke the :i!tliokes sliQ,!o\tlt :ii:ildIO:llgC'r; wid'i. ]a~~r and ,Ia:_rgel:' CUIr\-·'C:\J.,.

3: fb,~ ,arrived aibotl'[ [I.:,n centim_,r"rres from.mlil frog, pilaying ]o.n,g~ !do'W;, hJea'VY strokes. begin tn mQ\l\~ M.ck upri1e b(}w again '[0 the middle:.

Fast, :shOill, ~igb~, li',nW Stlo,w" :I~ b~'II'Y~high

~I: rtiJWEttttftdtI trtffttffi¥!WiRmrcrrrm'il

,1' N~fu e m"lIdl~... '»iflWuu--oHm!;mc~... I ilcntb.e lilec-il .. "

Fal$t~ !lbOf~ ~hti! ~,gW

4 ((rtt; t t t t E ill eHft Gte.;: ti Ge f t F f u :1

- mf Ili'OIiJ;l!t-i;lf~bill!al:lce".,,, p near m,c !lUddl:e~ •.

Exercise 3 - :Sound,poinl$

The'Ml'!!'lg is soft nea:m; me flil'ig;etbo~rd:land hard. l'lJear me b.dd~e.The· best pmporb:OllS of height tolcngm, liI~'C: dili~[I[ rut ~rnch ~o~ndi,PQmt. because ofd'lc difl\er,cut :'!n!illg t~s:iQ~S,

SOliCCill~' nearer mc /in,ge.rlman1: shorter, l:igh~,er~ faster,

Spi.eanQ nearer the b,r.idge: longer heavier~ S!Ow("'l'.

Play spkcaoo, on lone 0,01[£ .on sQurndpomt 4:" First play SI[ me nliddf!l of die bow' (sll;)rt~ ]ow and fast)~ !hen ail!: me' pom,to;Of~h~lan.ce (med~-umh Midflin~.!]y ~e:!l;l!'the he~llo;o~,high and ;slow).

Adjllls[ ~es-pced; hieigin I~gm LTld p(C:iisure~ SiO '[ba:r Il!a.ch ~tfQke has S! round" cle:ansouiid. at ~ach J'~!I;l;e QIl. m~ bow.

2 Reprmtun &oundpoints 3 and ,2

. . ... . . "':;'"
r :11: IT r :r r :11: f c- O E :11: f --i

Est

r =U=t E r r :[1: - !r F IT
p(l;ilU-()r-:bal~t1c;: Neutlheheel r1~ on each str:ii'lga.~d in d~ffc:r~lilt positIDom::th'~ \I',elr:iOU'5 tensions and dtidrnil'::sses of stdnli:' mU<e 3 oo.nsi.&i:rubl.C d~fft!rGnoe.

A)h!imatlive

Stay m i:b.e midd~e of me bow and p13¥~i~[ 9F SllXICeil s;ptccat'O suolcies Oil, sou.n.d:poll).l 5, ~en !:In 4" '3, 2~ 3! 4 and :5 again. Then do '[bl,ls;lme whl:le pm~'mg a:r me po:int,.of-b:tl:!nce. !!n,dthflli the sam.e at: meb~1..

Spio:ato

~II

:1

Key Strokes

! 'lilI t!J.!i· ,hrOW!'> stroke ~'Illaw ~c<!~, 1~ .bow ~~Mt ~ Woo tile 1lmJ. t.<Il~~ ~in9 '~~IQ."'i~ !he pi·olIj'E"" i5 ~, OIl1r~hin~ O'o'I!r ..... 11;11· 1M. bow doe!;; 1b\!·I!:row ~.x:eiw.iO~e, In ~UE'I1lOI!.Q1' lIS ~LiM~ oI:j tl1M:: r~Jon o~ II:; b.a!anong point n muj;[ :!pm',!) ·oIl;~, ~n I)[J! I1I!!l;l !;bwn (IF!

'I~~liyfOMf!, n~ ~!IP'!' of ~lmte m ~. ~ (jtpmll~ 00 me I~Mptt '1'1.,.. Wa 1~I[I'IPQ ~M oow ilIM\ Il@rl1~ iB" ~Ofle I~ ~s of !l~." C~rl FII3dI: l'1lfi.AA r:1l~ ;I'!'~.p !Ne.w Ymk .. ~ gl2..a~. 1'3.

The b~sitp[\OPll'[[:ioililL!l ·at heignt to .Ieongm ~b~:l]ge :aCt()/mm!!; m· how :m'l.l!chh:air is usm .. In this ;:};ieoci!l~, '~!t.JIetim~!'lJ1i wjtlilJ ~~~.the diR'ere:llt dlts{lf '!he bowl. from: ftll: hair 1:(10 prllying Qn~ll;l;e Vllry ed!e"'e oftll.C ha.ir.

• JUSt oilillowm.e midd~e oftl:te bo/li,\!~ pLS!~\' oont:ilill!J,oIlS. spliccttm s'(iok~$ U.n. @fie note. Begin wlith tbed;~QW ~ilood 00 ilhc OUOOt edge: of the h:flJjI'j p]:ilyi~ !il~ sp~~clI;~a on ~ome h"'lr'"

., Stalr"i:U$ irus;[ belO\'\I'~be miidd!le~ \\\itMU.1!S~O:PiP,ing the Strokes, gfiliduaUy usa m(ll'~ and mol'e" hair ll![J!ul ·Iltis. Daton the string;. men gl'Sldu:illy dh: me; b()~~ on to '[ffull: Qli,lI,ro:r ~dg~ :!g:a:il'l, .

., Durne!lame !I.ll liJ.epo:iQ:t-o!f~·b;aJ!~!lQe .~_nd ~earth~· heel. Adjus~ me £;PCI.'tJi} heigh:~> lel'l~ andp~s$'u~ S'O m:~t (he swoik:eis :S!lw~~I~. loC!>onant :a;E1G :pme,.

R.oe.pC;O,t c<I!ob "3!r ~,e'Vlet::d itll:'nie!S

-,J tttt"I tift: .fftititU :.: tmJI: an' .• 1

Very ciJit:e:dGIli~'IliI'lgAlmifls.~ ~~~. F!IU ba'n; A]mIJ;M:I'Ii~t:G~lJtrng V~IjI' [.!~;]~iiI

:Itriing (lI'OSising

'Thisis .Iike S:ctde s;rl'iq cr:m'fiing, p~t'l 33,_ :Foi!" (Jrd1er5m[lgcro~~m.~ see E.~ei1cise~ ]. ]4.~ ~1:,;~[ 11~ 119.~:2(l. fl' fla.y qyiC$[Y near tbe mjdd~le uf me: DOow (low :sp.i.ocaoo)j3itll mediJll!lu ~~ed at the pijil1t-of~ibSilanc-e;

s'low!;y near me nli:!2:1 <I:tigh s;pi:cca~o) ..

• Por oole ~moolhes(stti.ng crossmgs .. (no:r as a fubl!.bUI:: iQ.I1i:is e~e.r(;:]$e)" mol.l'¢ the upper alTJJ 8£OOSS the slri~ om:nLnliJiou:sIYt wjmoH~ .s!.oppiiI:IIIJ;Q.n ~<I~h, ind:ividu~lstdng leeel,

: iii·

. '.

t~ a. J5J P iH ~Uj e t 2

Wi s,]ow spioca!:U {which ~5 a'[hwwn' 8trOke j).you~ .. n ('O:!'l:too] each IndIVidull] S1J111re. Fa~tJe'r.!i'OU contml it: 'inpairn! the first bei:_[I1;1: <l(cuj,;\e' and me seeoad <'p.as$~",e\ ]ik(l; <'li[\~bo'u.fild ..

Spkea:ro has a dGrnui~ s;];I(lc:ld ]imin after whi.cb jlt ~rns i:rI:ro saurilt~~ which lls ;l.spr.Mi:giIlgbowin{ll·. Sp'fi~mt bowiin!p. which are us.ua]ly eoo :fast ·~o CMtro] ~l:Idivid.11lJailLy} ,coliil!ieuQm. le(;#I'Jg O(h~· sU':p:kes lliI.;ppen ratherrnm. from makin.t[h~m~a:pp~n ..

.About: the Movement of the' ~bow withIn the hill'Ad

Dltrinl s.pringing bowings (so!XI.etf:me!'l alsoin sp~ce.ato and m. ,oet::tai:n f:a:s~ smngcross~n:gs.)! 'rbe (ro.e; mak:~ tin.J :p'iVo!iJtjiQ~, mQvem~Jli~ oC:l'!)fI;c.dy Lilcle :a :seesa,w} fl'Ui[.iU:in,Q; aro.1Wndi whe[i~tlIethllmb iil,:l.ld s(:WI}dfi..r:ki!lcx :hold. me bow .. Bec:.'u:liS~ lh.ep~'Ii'o,t ·of '[hi;s':s;('m~w' • the ml,lm'b ~J)d second f:u~er~ is :so near :the ¢t"J:d (JIfrn£ 'bow (rather man being in the middle as in a rel.l] scesa,w) I' :iI vet}! srn3~~. mOVCm.cD.!@it me tTog :prodl;IC:;~e. ;I: :lUJlcb la.i:R;I.!'r IDovem.el:H a,t tbc 'IJO~I'i:[,

llu~l:m d!;l!i' p"ivorJ;n::g 1TI~!!{emel')lm· air,~. maill!l!' 1;1~$iNe by tl,ll:' filrSt t1~:rhiit"i~g ~ry r~[, :~I'!. tb~' sd~~ .... ~M ofle~ ,cQmitlig··~ ~a~1,5,br.e·adtl:l.~ary from. rGltl r.op Pif t:liil', so~k,l"'h~ .. f"O.J1rth:t:ln.ge,[ h.~1l"'s: '~'ttel:li!:);g :!i1~gl.ltt1" ~ dfffi~ld~s.1m Q"()~ .. 1ng ~Qwc ~9~ a;5tiff'tlJ;fW"',oi~dwbkh preVilmt:s.the&e·m!~mef'l,r;li efIh~ bowf.P.o;m l!:!:~iJ!Pe.ili.ng :!}at~;!!:~]b'. In pa;r-tict'tl;,'!x:, me.base Johu :ohh.c .f)JI'8i"j: fing(l-[f milS1; be J.'I!iI~J!rlL

TOI ~c~ thgmOWiI'tl~nt ·dIE~d;V:

1 Hokl.. '!Ipe[ij~~ with ·tl1~· [~ftn1U1!~~ ain(l·pu.tth~ri;gIDx b:aoo· untl~'e peTIe:!l. in !bQW~~Cl~d pos:~ti.~:ln. 'Thloo: off :al~ ~11(l :tm~-se!QCepl lile tlli.umb and se-c.ol1d ~r Gf~g'" ;3] ~).

:2 MQV~:m;:: 'penc.i~!,l~p 'an(j'd@~, witi'! :d'l;~ Igfl:; ~~a.p,d:""""'~~h~!;.I.t (U,'lWing the 'rj:gIn h~.n"d(F~,,3.'l b)-. a ID<Q me'salme'wi!m :an ~ nill!1:<~lt0f.1, the: "'p~.[li:;~I, ~m. ;1. ·!I!i!6mi1.~[ bow hdld.

KeeV' me ~n.d mn",vhji~ :ID(!Iwm.g the pendh:vj'ih me ~c£"t l!ri:lt:r:u:L n~:H.Ol;"3UO"W llMmndr mo~~ntitl" th~ :fOi~nh .ti'l"liger~ let b: c~rve o.ni:y sl,i~hdy f!]Oirlil· a'S. m.erip ~£' the rKenci] J_s, !l.J.Q'1i.~d dQ\vet\, -a .. Jld sil~bdr

less ,as ~[it.mo,\iI~d l:lfi, .

As the tip of 'rhe !pend] is mov~d duWJfl:~ .{{l[ .mfl PI:!];!;: of"m.e:-fln,r; tl:!'Igel,'C"~,:<l!tis 0(1} top of me (J.eDdl ~e a~""ay frQ.i)L'l ~~ '~I~tllli~1y,

4 D{) me ;s.ail.tll.e: !:lisngmtil 'OOw,.

]0 .m~#lljjw, w.,olLtd~r [he~ iltocw bo!l'lfi0-e~ 'W'][h,olU' iPe- Jil,ilI~i: ,iil('J:"~ng; dJi~ !l(lri~.g (~r~bo'l.l!g'11 a_J tim~h .~~n~" h Ms: 't!) ~ piayed i1il, a.p.a!."l~i;;:I;i]lI:!:"pJ~~~Qn me.: bQW:, 'us;U:Q11,~':[;;omewhc:r~' il..fOlln~ me m.id.dte" wh~m: 'rilic< s,titk g.me~iJlre!:lt 'nttNr.:d b.OUfl(;e,

1[)fi!ldi.il.9(i1u#fM~pi .. :i' ,,"Q~1iU!1UQ~~ mh:tY-s~CfO{~d,~:f!()J~d 'd~m:il;..e.mklll"[j,'\1~d) .On, ~l1¢[i'tl·~~>j = 8~9.12J·

'. Begm ,:rim a sh{jI\[~ ftl,pid db~i!J,r;'hJ, Gli1ld:1l:aU~, .'Us~ 1~5" 1!l~d 'h~S.1 bow·.and jp!I:i:ss:ure llJlJti] the 'WQ(idiClf me

bow be.tin.s to IDmJlI1t"e whh dlle' l~iT. st'IJYm,g "O.ll!I:he strin:l;. .

• i!1u, /laJ hlll1-. M1li!:t(; .[h~ ';$ttOkJi'l. mJJ!I'Qly \!,I'·i!)b. the ·,h;md (rnoving fr,o-.m roe wds(h with Oldy .at )i~dtl fQ.re~"m. mO~Il);e!1t,

• 'Tllirni dt~;h!lJlliritn to $~. t)'QW(P:l'(:l~te"), ,lind;pJ]ow !jt(I~ u.~ssj'l{eQr' S)!lmpaim~tic m(.)v.e:mClllf£.. J1'i the "Wr!s~ rulid! .frr.J,g~r.s> whrch :mun!be toose ..

,

I se-e About tht' 1IlQ'".cmerII of ,tr;.e,~ wfIhin !he Ii<!tI{/; Pi!\i:!! 71.

lil'ren:i:sIe m,

In, ~ar~uVJ~ the bow I:i]ays illrolllltd rule string In a $~i,gb.d,y cerved motion, Wilitcih the point: mQV~ in a ebele duri!l~ Ille s'u.oke" This ~x'en;:iise ex3.ftera~cS !that circle.

!El<Cry :n.oUl: '~llml~pJi~,~:!'ir;; \\tilth Unleoow on die siring

Gf;lI!diw J]y ,1es8 aDd! ~,es:~, lQW~l: nom. :~t: '!he bow bggin te ,'om,e MI'!: :of thr;, !!l.mn.!!

Slime ,lI)owem,'1i'Iilt Oil O'nJiy one !iM!li:

'11 ftaymll; ii'FQlJmd me, middle~, where;v~r Ule 'b()wbow].'G~S mosleas:iJi,~'~ repeet '!:hiiS ,pe:n'e;t,ll maJny '~imes. 2 Orad:ually ,1ll3ik:@; a smjlll~,[oo.d s,mali:&' 'ci!iJCle untill the bow no, ]Qrl.J;'et ['Ouches dieP strin,g .

.3 FimiUy (ll~k'e avery small 'ci:lldii:· gn the ,A s,uo,ing .. w,im me naif St;i,ying on the .string <llldthe wood of the' bow beuncing,

,Repeal: on. tbe: G-D nd A-£ $t;ril1gl>.

EU:J'Cise :1

:l3lioh S'~!f,tiI,Uj M]CCiellSful or unsuccessful, c:o.!D!i::S from, a o~na¥n cO!Lllbmaidon oif'm~enH'T The ,kl!y' fiil()t.or is the stz.e .(l;ft'be movemenn :nihni.ve to each other, \Vhat 'me: b:_C:!lr:propof'tloD~ o.f differeD,,!: mlo~enis are (o.f the arm, h~tlil\daj]d,~gers) ,depends O'l! how much hair is, lUed , bow ncarlftc bQw llliO 'm~ 'bdd,geJ and the '[hkkne$$ 'Qftb,e slriings" In, mi,s esercise, the individual movemeats are performed !itlparOllr.e'~y~ and ::;t;i'e rb~n :P'1!J.t 'u)gedi:er i:n me, eqmpJet'ed stroke,

Play continuoUlsumtillJ strokesQI1, 'O'nCI1Orte. :PI~y the ~xerd~e Olil each suing.,

1 Fili'iS't play the suutilli moiling: onil,y me {tmrarm. Keicpiing: lhe wri'St Bind frogers :Eirm,

l 1"h~r.i play usin.g only t1:n~ hand~ :mo~rjng it rn,pidly from me '~(ls't"KeIl'P the IIl1I! sdU.

3: Then pJar-y :r~p'id Kj)(t.eenm~f.I.oms, (scmlqUSiIJileI:"S) on thesttjng~ 'using Uil:!)' a,rapidJingel' mcve,rm~nr. (This wiLl hardly prDduce a P,[lOPillf si"'teen:th-Rote s:rroke-.) Keep rhe arm and hand scill.

1I,ThCiiI pby ltb¢ ~au~l{lJ' 'I.!sin,g' 'mefQI/~ali!Tl~ hand, ~[I,d IJfl'lge,fs, 't~g;erl'lcr, fi.'f:I:ing a'Ultbree ;moving at me -ssm;e time, (NQ'Ile that tb~ :finger Il:lovemtill[ its now II, <:.ymp>a:ili.etic· miJ"lliemen4ilmllRactil;fc fu~e.r fJJlc.i'\"eme:n1:.)

B_rcdise 3

PJa,y ·C(lntinUQU ~aulil1e s[][QJ!:es 0[1 one: nete, P-Iay the esereise en ,ea,ch string.

• ,FIlay with onty the thl.l~mb and fil's!: fin.g:e.r en th!:: bow; feel how m~ 1:)0\'" j~ able 00 :move :&ee:I;", unrnstticwd by' the hand,

'. Repea'[ wi'th a:IliQ,nna] bow bo,ld, m;;llkiDg sare th:a:[ ~he s'O;oke' .feel just as ft-e:-e as when bolding tne bQW wilth. ,onlj'~be i:b,um.b and. flTSt finge.r.

'VIolin oQoru~~no 1).0. 1 i[,! 0. ~lP', 6'mm', W

:;.. ----..._ Pil_g~im

'To playa .r,iCiX:he:t. whioh is 'like hIYuncing 11. b!illJ~ drop m~ bow from 2-3 centiimell"es aeeve the string" at me same ti.ta;l,oe siJmpJy pu.lling 01." .pushing me' bow. After -me mida] [mpaCl! 'the bow bm.:mces n.jiJturaUy.

• Nearer the point Fast{;-x, I.ci\wr bounce, ]ightef,l~il bow,

Ne.3Rl:' 'i(be mIddle S\l~r; h1t_her 'tmru:nttlhe~!i'i'el') mo.re bow.

• Th"e less bo\ll' you use, the lower and fasrerthe bounce, The more baw,. ru1~ ni~he'l: and $iotli'er die bounce,

.As wt.'U: as, p~1i(ying witb a .[i!orm,al. bo;." h!!J:.ld" i1, mill¥, be h~lp:fuJ tQP:]aj' these ~~~tGi'S~s wi;moot 'me: :f.lrs,t fing;eron 'lIte. bow, feeling how the bow springs Ml:UrallJy llInd has a mO'\\lem~tn: within. [1I.c band .. I

~f\dsel,

FillY 1h~lilllo~~'iing patterns.one 111[ a 'lime, in the llP'PC':r. MLf~ ~pea:ti1'Jig each bar ~e:~ril times. Th~ ides; js, ~Ilge[ :III> ntlU:'b subs:rairllcec and as mu,ch .ring as possible by 'rrying di1.teruRt: combinations of heigh'EI' :Imgrh md (ll'iii'S'S.lll"e.

" FifS[ play ,f!aCit p:m:1!ii'Q :U lb,eEl}..'Ue~,'!!e poilU., Ex . .,erjml.ll'tl:: whh ~Ii;! [engtn ofbow', hdghl: ;m,d spted of Ml!I:n~,,~~g]l:I) ~r!.d atE, of the hail:', HI rrod m~ pl1re~t: pCi:lOsiMe eone,

Ii Then pla.'Y i:la, :I~tr:le lower down th'e bow findin.(!: the tlew Jcngtb iBind height" etc. for the purest tone, Gradually work down to the m.iddle:!, and. bliCk up 3'ga:in itO the pomt, cillangingm;e proportions thro,llgholJ~.

billlilpme

•• .LOMre.r .. "

~v ~~.V

7 :¢j t tij, c:u EM

I"I~ V MJ..-... 1/

' .. trr:tp? C:tfi=j 'f :111

... hlgJhu.". ,

(t)!1-

II ;-t tJ-=i

1I"l:-::-- .

rr:F', )

V'

eS) f-:-. V

v

v

v

~ V

. _.

I~~.V

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Ii n,

v

,."

v

11"1

v

F'II

:b~iseJ

• P~ay the same p;at!t,erfl:~ as Ex.ercise 101 US11lg sim!pl~ 'Scales, Ii PI.IlY S](i'W~ .medilUffi<'li(id FtlS:t.

v

n V 1"1

V n 'II

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!!""!""l"'''!'' ~ ~.

II

Key Strokes

Springing bQwin95

It is ]poss.:ibJe[Q pLSili"m~S ~tmike ~i many diffea;;!!!nt speed/s. The m.Of1!: ['[ is under control, .(\1 mQ'~ >s!Q'I.\I:~y it can. be pl,a:yed. A:sin 1iI1] Uf(~d bQwlings. the main pllopo:rt:lons to adjitlst Sire '[he ta!tio o>Ib:eiil:lt O'fb<lWllo(J; to le.ogJrb of stroh,: the slffi';-'et it is, the m,ore b~wj, dt~ mQre bo\""tb,ebig,h,~[' the beunce.

Exercise 1

Her,e~ 'the il:npulS:{l .for die tll:il1ilUee 'com~$ flJOIIl !!, :smal] ~Witippi:lig~ mov;ell'lCD1! of [hI! rmge~ ,~l;1)d hand, .!\It the end of '!lh'@ up':oow! jUS'[ befoll;'e the: dOWll-bow,. 'Ib.eti]'l(gers sttlljghliensl:igbdy ,md 'the wris.t 1;s$I:igbtly' f!l!i¥ed, At me same litIiIlm.c!l!lJ~ 8S bea;;i~il the dQM':Il.~OOnw~ 'Ih~ MlS( 'ii;;o'me-s ~ .,in 'qu:ic1!;J,y' andlta,c fing'ers, flex. This males me ltai:r hil 'the :strJng ae a sU.gbil: a:ngJe and causes Ime ho'ii\!' tor beuaee, Thils jinaer. Mnd lJrld wrist 'll'i:l'Wrllmt rn:ll' be Sr) ~bgl~. as EO 1M pmcticalfyilwiJibie.

• 'fb srart dl~ down-bow maiko{; this ItIQve:rnent~ ~n d1e :lDi,drll.e of' the 'bow, 3t: the end Qfdle .held G . .After me attack sLmp]y ptlUrJhe bow, le'rung, tl1e· bO\v l!)QYnce enee, t.Wiice~llind. S.QOtl.

• TO clui~ from do'Wndbow to up-bQw~ simply c-l'uilinge di~C'tLo:n ,afiter me fourth 'bounced dO:Wfl-'OOW and ler the ooW' bOlUlce:me omer 'Wl!l.IY.

wl'l

.___.

-. .... : :J "i' '~.

-.

Ji{~3

~~ *~

G'I

V II'i

1'1 V
-:.._____j-~ -:1
, ,
, -, "

:ex·ecl'clse· Z

" Fir-st p]a)~ lbis, e~rd~ WlithO'llt the :tirsl:filll:goer oli'il the' bow. :fieehins: how the bow bounc~iii natW"a]lyeven ~r'rhe 'second :fin.~~r and ·thumb sqtle~z't'; the bo,,,' to try 00 prevent it from bOlIDc:i.n.g .. Then ensure Willt rh~ fun fi:l1ger. wilen it is on me bQW~ does ~O( roouce'Ehis namra] b01llJn~~.

" Use fulil hair, the wood of tbe bow di[\!actl:i' aboee [!lie hair .

., Try di.f.fercmal'Cas ofili~ bQw to tin4 rthl! :p~.::lit:ewbe.reit b01..tl'lIC(lS l1l:¢mo!l;~ (somewhere around., or jmt ;Bioo.v.e~ the mkJ!d!e of m'e bow)."

~)n

:110 x.

(6) 'r'!

v

.~

D'rQ/P dlc bow 6ft 'tlO '[ill~ $,tri.ng i!)l a eurved motion, "J~ting: h. bO'unce: back mU: J13ttmdl'y. .Mler dropping the bow on ['0 &i.': string. p'lIlll :it smomhly so mat the next note's "play dl.enlsclves".

Cb a nge direcn'O'll from dow.n m up gmo:otw~'~ so tiIlSlt: dille no~es ,arrc:p~ayed ~vi:m m;~chil:lielike regUla.riJly.

~pea.1ic(m:tin1!lous!.y~ using a. slighl'klc::k" on ·the first: down~bow [,0 k~ep the mQR'l_,enttlm ,going (:30'9, ~n E.x~rc-i$e: .~ 10J .

.M.Q~'e the ,e~b(iw 'very smMtbl:y and evciElly across 'me 'WffcfilIl!r: s[]fing levels .. Nodce how eacnsttlng has, &ts own PQtic~~ part of the hair: (i.~." the' bab: ilia,t pl;ays the D· ~,uin8 is, aJ little lowell" in IDe bow than. the hilir tha)l P~a(!i$ the G st!rin;g).

S]ighrl'y ,iliCaUU: the marked notes 'to ,!li\f'Oid 3lilY '{i.\G!lifI(g Qfp:!aymg the. first: lIhr,e:e;ng:[(is. ::liS a. n~plet.

A!oo play 'blu's 9-1:5 m rCvel"oSe

Ba'~ Oars 1.-4

B~_n. ~o kiek !:be: ,o;pC'n G

Bl~giiDlf.lin.g ~ OQme O!ii!l of m~ ~:trinl!;

Ke¢p me bow de~ in me sm_ng ande\l'Cnly s,u'StiiJin(OiC.

B~e.gi!ll:ogi"c :9 slight Irick 'to ilief'lI':$t: dow!\-bo~. so t:I:Ul\'t I:h,~ btWl wants ti;ll.le:arv·e the s'U-ing, . . ~pIii8r: ili.~ pilit~e:rn CQfljtmuous!y, gradually Icu~ng libJebowc::mIl,e 'Out of mesr;rJng: more,

The: deeper 'me bow pl3YiS ~Dm the string. the mc,n:' s:priugioess. th.ere is 1topE!lywitb.

Dar 4 Repear 'me 'biif OUIlliIlIl!l'OYsl.y, 'me bow bouncing from string to ~trjng.

[t ~, (JilteD hclpfUJ to give a slight kick eothe 6r'$.1I: note. OIf the ~p~bow as, ,:;,reIiI as to !fie first note of 'me: nQW[l·bow.

~NSrlTUTo. OE'AfI['ES BElilJo,Tt!Q

Springing bowings

I Eli1j~~l.I%OfJQ(t1Cfl~ OOt~, Ill'!! lower amd.

I:Il'9I!f h .. I~~

F\I<i~ !'lIMe IM!!'~. ,~~ ~ III Iil.e· brnu fl\iI~~ ~m!!li rTIOI'm1enlt 1I1~ pplnl maK~.I~~ lI'IOlI~enn. ~~ Ii~~~' !he ,Il'Ilmi; I~ h~1 n\iIt~ I.ilrg~ mm.--e.rner'l'ts: Ire pamt 1]'1 _~ srn<!!i ~ents.

A~Q,trn:. ~nd and fQiJe,;;l1ill! t<lIl 1.<i~ pa r'i in SOlm'!\! ~ifO!";l\I(l~ I~ me· ~pi}r MI! (!.~ "'~nrJ ~rs .. !)a!;l"QUn the !~1 nati 1J1.c·ljand J1']D\'~nl ~ I'Mlnly f~d'''~ 'IOI~m Itrt.3.Iii;II<) ~~ p.;lge 1~~

The Ii'lIltmber !J,fbow~og v[lJ"[!JdQn~ is· i;nfiJ~he~ se it is d~3['1,. nor. pOS$ib~e IOpractwe e'V'eii:Y s~nlllre oX1:c ... Tbc:bowinp 1:1.I,,'1e ;~re m,e most basic pil\u:efnS :from wbicb Otl,e~ .<llte derived. lfthes,t

3t't mil, ~:tt;d,. ~_U 'other comb:iinatio.ns, deriving &om ,th~ b1!sic pa.t1e!.'ns, are made easier, Tberc areiilll£Q a fC\v d:iffiCIIJilt 'combi:oa,'!:io-m, _of bas i.e pa,1lt.e11'ns that frequetu:lly occur'.

'Tempo

,BrJf1.ltrlgs C«JltlQ! be c--<msidU¢ to' b.e' c()mpis,u/j' »I.(lst:e:nNl f~t~li~l i~' is .f><J'Ssi-ble: ,Wplfl,J! lhem ,e.'flrt;;/,elyj'ru;t. Playing <lIny p~nem. a!w,ay " W()tk. '~0W8;rds, pushing y'Q1;n~ CQmfOTta:b~e uppc:r speed limit liliH)rll( and more. The speed limit: wn~ \'Itl:f3' aCG(lrQ.ing to which P3rt. ,ofl:be: bow i,'.l: DSed, :FQ:t instance, most: patre:r.Lls win haw 'to be' ptiilyed mON :s~ow~y Sit t:ne bccl.lB~n ifa p;'l~tiGlI,dal' :pactt:e:r.o feela 8.w:kwllt'd til a cettii_1n p~oe 'if! the bow, and would nO~fiotma;IJ)' be p~'ed mere.j it i~ sw] importilflt un pr~cti!i~ it iliere to improve o\i'eraU control. I

How much bow

How mUle'll bow 'to 'usc de:p~nds- om lJl]e: ~(,lm:pQ, U5e.·;EI [@t '0:£ bow :at S:1i0w.er; $~gd$:. a:!:!d 'very :linl.c b{iW It fasser spced:s; bl:l~ ar e.achretnpo .(J.·hJ.~5 !1s:e at m~tch bow as pru'B.iitl:e..

lMetl!'OnO'llle

It i~ V~'Ey he]pfid to play m.cs.e CX~9~sw:iJ!:h the metr-onom.e. Smro: 8:[ 3. comfo.tlnblc t~mpo'~ OIin1d1 gradllaI~y speed ·up. \V{)r;lli '~a.e-h bo;.vmg p~t~em 'Until CO ir: can be p]ayedve~rflJ$t~ (2) the sOlunCl is; ellltD:r(ily p,ll£Ire wh1n,"~,;.'I' ib.e i:pee-d) (3) tile rhytlrm is even, and (4,) it fc;;~ easy,

EXl!!N!isl'!! I

.' P]ay at me heel, middID~ :lnd :p(l~['It;. ]<~e"p dl:e boW' ~o,li.d[~" :susttlimedi in 'the' sttmi1S;

'.' }Usc' play a:!"QUnd ~e~oinJt~nf~ba.I3rItC(j: .. us.ing h8!i_f~'bouneed 'Suo.kes (the wood of :!be 'bow bouaces 011.1'1 lb:c ba:ir does Dot ll.:arv-e the string).

;Ii,

Fs:prFrr-,

(8)

n rI V

(9) V . n

~Jj n V

Ex£re~sl;'! l

'. Play e:aen patlicrn tlw till'l:W$; using ~e, cllJQrd seqaenee.

'. :P,lalY:ii~ tb~l:u~:elJ mjdd[e mdpo.int uslrng short .strokes. Play in me ]oc\>-,rer baif. mjddl!e~ and u:pp€:t half using l:Ia:nr":length Slrol«':S. Pla'Y di~cp,ly i_n~o tbe string; s.ustaln,i!lg, the sound ev.eruy.

• Be,8~1JJ ~ch p;au~m up':l:U:iW !I~ w~U as dm!,\i1n:~bQW.

'I Also, playpat[i~rns l-5 ,spiccartG' (or SiUit{!J,e in the ,[!aster speeds),

~~ -& ~~ ~ ::!!:
t:~ is :~~ ,11
liS:
'" ~ ;Q- ti-
0B-
I, I I I _I I

Key bowing: patterns

~' Key Sttokes

Exe1'lc1se 3:

.P]ay e~cn pattern. rour timti!'s~ using 1ibe chow sequence .

., P]ay at 'LDe' bee]~ middle :and point US~fi& snOrE sfi'(lk~~. P,layin me ~ower naLf, mtddl!:. and upper .half using half-ten~sttQbs. PJay deeply- inro dwstri~ s,us:tl'llining rh~ sQund evenly.

_. A1so, pJOiY ~p.ioc~to (or' $(,Iuli!J~ at me fa~L'ru' spuds,) .

• 'Begin eaeh p8H.trf:D up-bow a~wen ,iil$ Gown-bow.

~ ~ ~ ~iji!
:;, d: II
;S
''0' U ':[y,' '0'" ro . ~ ~

~ JP JJ 1; bf [I Wi ~ Dh HJl ;m»JJJJ; df I

. .. ~ >, .'. '00' >

~ . ~-

>- >('3) ~

_8 "9mgaIJg"n uJi & I hlT~rlJJm

.' :> ., .... ' , >- . 5- ~ ,

- . ~ .

(S)

I>

,

" ,

-,-

&e!l"c:ise 4

• :Playat: 'me held, mi.ddl~ and p()irlll.

• 'Be;g:in each pM.rer~d()wim,-b(l\lII,Jl:liltlfi:ng the bow' smooil'hly s.ustam¢dl and playing' d,~~pl!y illto the string.

:I'

44t

e

Vo-

#0

. .".

jiB:

-

--_.

..-

,

" "

,

- L:

(13')

--,-"

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, , , -

_ (23,) ,r'""'-

-t

"Exercise S,

", rl~' SiE[!le !IDeel, n:l'i!dJd~Ill~[ld po:in'll. Kee,~ me, bow smoothly sustain,cd j pl~1ill.g deeply ~f.'IOO me string, II Begin @ach :pauB:t:nup':ba~1,i' i1sweU ~$ do~VfL-loo'W.

, AJ~ pi3)" paJlremrs :)-,W sprcc8[[Q,

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J

~ ,6-

2!
.0. n ,~ ..:0., !j!
I Q i*' " " e Igt : :; ':
a
:2
8
~ t~.., j:u 'I'i' P! ,,', II
a a
-eo "0" >@oo V 'U" -e.
u :~

:

,-_ ==--:J == __ === ===

,~

(1)1 ,(2) (3) (4) (S} (6) (7} (B;)

r fa- tt#tt1m:UttttlIfUl=ttHfOOtrmoo

(11)

, , '

.

E~e:M;:ise 6,

., Pi:ay aaeh ~lIt]'e!,'n !fo'~r timc!)~ 1.IIsiJ:Ig' each c>holt'd from die' sequence,

• Phil' ar rhe heel, :m:iddLe and. poin'!. Keep me boOW :!imoo1h~y Sl.18tamed. p1aying deePly into The 'srrillg.

• B<egin each p.3!ttem u.p~bcw as weil a~ down-bow.

E:x'e:r¢~ ,

I.' PI:a:y 8,'[ me:! heel" middle and poon, Keep the bow SMOo:thlY sus'taii:'K,.-d. pl;arying deeply i:n'lo the s;Ering. 1.B:egineaeh pBit:~ern up-bow as v.'eU as dQ'wn':bow.

" Also play pa,ue.J'lls4~ 8 .and ]2 spic,c!itQ (or sautilJ.e at rue fanet speeds,).

-& .0.

,ii: ::

3! 2

liS ! S!

tl

1'1(9')_ - - OQ)1i"" - 1- ,(1.1) - ,- Hl) -- ....
--, I"""""'" . ...1 , ....., - r"""'" .II .... 1
: ,
, , ,
., , ,
"
'f) .~ """'__!II P./ ......_.' '" .' '. !II' El:erclse 8

,. l'.1]s,y ,a'~ 'the heel, mid,dle -andpoi:nt.

"Begin, each pattern d:own.,.'bow) kg - :ping the bow :sIDoothly 'Sl!ISl3:It1i!::-d <lind pla:ying deeply iililioo 'me ~lr:ing;. " A1~o p1f1y'patten}:;:;, ],' 7 .• l. S Mdi 9 .Slpicc-31m, (or: sauliJJe at ~i1.'e fs;ue:r speeds),

~. '.-, .. '=. ,P' -.e.· ._ .U.'·'.. ~ r1~ :;: :- .n I~ -; -=e ~ I iCI'

~ e e ! : t: :: fi:;:=a;:~n' ti

! III I.

Zffi I

, ~,

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L

, L

IL I·

~ :;j.~ «:> .. ~ "_.;--"~

Bowing patterns

«4)

(S)

"

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,-L-/

(IS) U6} <~'l')
I
,
<s _- :;: ......_., :;
..
(21) (2!) (2),
,
,
, ,
-tJ \]" ~ , (18)

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"

I

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, ,

,

-

~:;:

-(241)

;j--

{;ZO)

II

'I .. M~:~'af~ * trrMt.~ ftj f~ do? r:~fl€f O!!::iI:iI~.heQu~""~(.au~)

E&l"is~9

• P]ay eaehp9:n~I.[I fiOI:.lI 'rimes, uscing d],~ eho!irls~~ilJ.ml:~.

.. P]ay '<I~!he hee]. "1Ji~d]e' mind p(l~n.i: using!>l1o(fi:: soolli:.es. May in 'i:be lOloVer hil~f~ ffiidd]~ ntlJlfa1l1d l(I!pl;n::r half using: l'a,;iiLf"':leJ:Igrh stro:k.cs.~l!li'!i' d!~l!:ply ifl!rtl ~e $iwIDg;, s'~$~:a:i~in.g the ~QI;ITId ,e ... e~Jy,

.. B~,g~n >e1l!cjh p~U;t~in 1i.Ip .. !bcrw ~s will. SiS down~~.

tH i ;; ~i III
U'" "{;.T' ''0' '0" :,1

,t:z) _

4:J1tP, ~ ~< ;fJ

~J . .'" ,._~I, 1"_

. \.]'~ \:1.'

:E1II!erci:se, UI' ,.., KreutlerEtude ~ni!).,2

E?l~~':iing ~1Jlit2~[fio., 2 (or ~ sim:ihi!IIC' ~~dy)\.vi¢ll;lo""'!ng va:ri~t~Q'P:s. .~'$ Q'[!~o:ftl:!e ~e~tech!,!jjque-~(fin:g l'!le:mQdlSPEac.tisedb~ countless vioUnists through, !til"e :gcrternoo.ns. Mos~ ed~~kt:f,is of Ki:'e-uJrttf :illJ:d~~s: include a i'I.um.ber ·o,Iv,m3liofil:s. GaJami:i'i~\ :!J;~"'~5 over llU>lty buwmg p;;]l;U~r.fi:@lI$ wl1iU ;)$ dilff~r~n'trh_ythm'l; . .Ma$S3:rr? prrovidesru:50 bmving paltterm.

'f.M oe-cI'l!ef'irn ·of pla),mg ]!uSE' a few p~Jt:~cm:>~ .!lligi~n n~rel~ H:re dramanc, yet are oft""l1 ov.e:dooked J~s~ becll~S~ rbJoly ~~~m$O· f\l!ltld~i:l:rOln~ app~[lIi;\[!I.tly Qnj,~~ry,

6: 6: !'Ii 4! 4
(I (!o
4. 4 ,"' 42 E·~IlI.dt',s, .01:1 ~pr1.(;~.$:,M·. 2: '" Kre1JitE~r

"flay [he 'sulCly w:imeac;h paU,erti, tlIl!"ee times - in the lower quarter, .u the :mtddl,e~and in the i!l,PP!!r qua:rter •.

" B~ginr:.a:ch baw,ins; pa~lcrn l!l!p~bow as ~I] as diO,WDl"lbow.

I' Keep th..e: 'bow d(i)~p' inthe str-ing IhfOUgh.OU~. Slls.tam each strOke soJidlYrlllf.ld ,eOEl!Il,ect ,each nere totbe ne:lU :seam~t;S:5[Y~

I II

--

" I

(9)

-

I I

,

I ,

I'

.~ (l~). .~ . .;--... . (14). ..---... ".- •. ' ~_ _

" tHE EW Eft{ u bco!7 r r r , roo Ft F nq

•-

,

O'O~oif til'l:e smgle moot impo.rl<m![ part.o; ofsuccessfll!1 ('hoM playing: iste phwe meiln;gers 011 mc.5rnng q)t:ll:c.kly- ~n.olMdJ:~ .in limebdoi(\L'l til'lJ('!!;lGw mQtres, In ::;Jjny['~p±d ser,:~ ef ch.owds~ the '~' to (lor-rei:!t tirn~llg' ~is.mp~!I~~ the ni;.XII: d'llorda!l me: firJia[ lC'uo.n (!f :l'bry1ri:g' 'mef;il'f.",dous CMl'd. [(I other wO.rds,:

f[~'Ythe first eherd - ~Jl~ti!!t1:fly place the flingews r·ead'y ro.f the '1lC":Xil: ,ch.on1LCfl.ay-pla,oe~ p.lay",p~Ci;lJ, ·~';ml~aJ' oj

P1ace the .f'mger~. ~ p1aYi p~3oemc .1lC}..'l Fmgcrs, ~. pJny) :a:nd!'lo 00. (Pb;I~~lay~.p]::lI:;~l~,y.)

II

Us.i~ m~ clIDord seqll~nce abeve~ rsoulldiaU lilliriec: s:rriugs a1me gllmoh:me lIo p~lIJ¥ II slllior:tL blillt cie1l:l' sixt;eer:Jitb-note (5e;miqu~~[") CJI!,(i(\d. Q;1;,lJick])y "el!eaSletil;e bQW~ Mwsust:a:in the dedi note ~Q[ ~l.O~) w:itllOliU a break :m the 'sound. m orthe:r woKl:r;.~ me tied nates d:IJOllrnd. Si(l!ru:I.d Hb:I:talf~rJiores (mir!ims);

i!;~~IJiI:!IIl~e
1"1 ~
~
'I) i .... -;~~ ..
11
.- •
,
,
I!. ~. ~ i~' I v .'~

~, .. ~
. , ,
,
" ... ,.~. .. ~ ::i--'." ;'-''''''
"
~.h 11' ..
,
,
, .'
,
'. _. ~ I j I '=i •• :-'

- '(2)

b;t11-rr

~i H ..

-"""-"', -

'" Thr'l:'Il;iI:gl-1!OU~> p~arY<I!5 close tothe bddgea'.:l pU,lss~'b]c;; - jUJ~t '<I!~, far i31\\I,~y 88 n~ce-ll.Sl!liry ~[) eaeeh ail] th,~~ .sui~, aT enee.

• To becgin each ~h:ord.,.ph.C'Ct11ie 'bow on the m:iddle stti:r:!"g gf mec<ho!!"d.Fressme rniiddllc .~ttfung dOWIlU'n'rU m.e. bow hiair C3'tch.es the outer slrings. of me ebotd.

!fee] .how. at: the l\Lee1. me h.ai)!:'gi,'lI\e~~nd. ca.'Echesth.e three sttin.gs. while !It: the POlil~lthe wood of t'he bow gives i.fll the ntidcUe qJ'tl'lte bow,~ll~ hawrrem.a:mm!l):rlligid.'

Smoo·th pivot.ilngl fdw ~ Pfilming, p-<ige 27,

;d ~ f ~~ .!J j i i
v ~ ~,

a~ Jill (9.

Irt r~

J

Chords

11

etc"

II

etc,

I

'Gradualll.y inc_reasing l,elngU,

T.bro:ughrcnml theex:erdse~ h,o'id the WQod ,ohh.e bow down OO\wlrns tile hail' w~ta.m,Jt: Fele$L"'e. Play aa dose m the hrkl~e as possibl,e~ but iJ.S f:flr i'iW,af2l' 3S ne:ces!!:ary to ca!tcill ,3iLl duet l50t~; at once"

1! Place die: bewen the !lum~ n~1!' d!!e heel (A in me mus;traxiolflj belO\v). "P!:ess the middle uf tbe ihree SUI~ dQV;l:ll 111'lttlil. me bow hair c~lJ[ehes 'me flil.uet::>rI:'ings of d:!!: Ct.OIlt:i. CI:!{!i()Ii'~ is: soundp'oh.u: wttere tb:is .is PQSS:ible"

flaiY the :Me stri~; ex<llCf~Y [ikoe :a wp.]e~ili:mo'p!ped wlli.,lThink. of the s-noike as being: like a [:)~t'J:i(:~to" lis;~'C::lT:I 'to the chn~tlI.rh]g after the stooke}

Repeat. at mepO~n1H}f'-b:al .. anee (B)) mi.ddle: (C}~ between me. middle and d1i!(;: po:int CD)~ ;a,nd near thepom~ (E).

2: S'[~uin,S: nesr me h~~~ aJga:[1l (pires;> drue middle sml:lg dow-m ml:li.l me bow h3S caught an 'wee 'strings.)! p:!ayrn~ cbQ~S~!igh1!:l.ylo:ng~r:. e.g,.,tful.'ee: c~n~imetr:e!lIQng, R~pe4!Jl as hefult~ in [he omru: p]ac~~ 0.11 me bow,

;lRo~pe3!t: wlith. qua:rrerbows (A_':H"B=C.~ e[c',h and thea. balfbo·ws (A:-<C.n...:O. ~t(:.). Fi;na]ly .PI]ilY wn,ol~' bowS.,su:iim:mmg a1l!1 du:cesttings ,evenly ,from, the begiMlmg, to '(he end of me chord,

.. ·i ~..,.

IE

c

A

r;:~u~ AB

.1:i1'

ebB •

~ '1 # r- .II:·! H

:B CD B

~14'~*~"g

Ccll~

:Eo D CD A

~D~H~#~H!H

.#

A If

pal

I'

"T.he "mum'b prO'ltid~s . 'i'1!)ll!llt~r-p'~e$S'I;I~ aE.aim)"~: me llC"C~~ s-id~w~y~ .~'['lj:d ·up"w.:r4g, To ,P,by ft~!i.ly aJn:dl witholU rensiea .. ooooter~pr~ssure must J'ii\:ViI.y& be:-: 'i.mi!)1 as. much as :I:!~!!$$al"'J'

an4 ,as tiuJ~ as P()S~#;!$. See also .'(l'i:n8F pffluir'e, p!l~e 103,si:nce: ·'th.e· I~:\l .fintl,'el1!" prcssuN there .is. me leslie cOllltl.te-r-p're.$Sun b neC-'6Sar)r::

.

POI,ilioningl the t.humb

a~~tz'5 ~e~che:r.. Uo;po¥t Auel': p~ace them:umb 'directly 6ppoS-lr.e ~, 's~.ctl1ld' :$iflgE:Cjf ,p]3y~U!lg]'i'q 9" "!:h~ 'D :Sln.l'Ig, (iil~anti9n; bewe'¢ll. the :fit.S~ aficl.'5~(;.('Iln.d fiD.g¢Jf$" Q:~ QPpo~il~ 'the fi.!rs:t lResch~ $e.ve.Ll;;: 'OPPOIi>~(,~ '!hI.! Ih~ :tillgu play.I:m.~;S. Q:n. tb~ D $.~riqg, S~IJ~: .'hetweenm(;:· '6lSIfinger ·pilfar.ing E oathe D sttiog. ilJnd '!he: f:lu;t.

'lX1hil,~©.re.r the maia ·thUl'n,b- ~}Q.sition:

Use the dl:i:llmb lighdYl. withoua s,qu£ering die neck. of ilie violin between m,e thwnb and m.iZ fins~ts,

2 Like !llefil]ge[,il~ me tlnm:l!b hasthree main joiDi:s. b,do(:l~, not b~gi:n. -at die point w:herc: it appears te join 011 to file ii'i.iiin¢1, bur hasitsbase joinll (the 'D~ll' of 'the 'thumb) near 'me wrist. Trying [,0 use .oldy th!;l!i.jip~1; 'tWO, j~,ti't1;$. (If me 'tllMIDo. Wimotllt the base ]'Qim: also [~.Idn@; paf1t~ C"$1l~S·. M,jffue>'l-'Swhkh. can oal'W-ct '[hc~n:tj;te. band. Kcli!p tn~ 'space ·to:p~n ib.~t'I!fe~ t~e. ba,seof me lb'L:!mb ilIn.d, tt:he:fii:'5·t 6ngt.'J:j \!I'J!~ou,t squew,lQ.g togt~tl.'l~l" (Fig, 32), •.

3 The thu.mb dMS aor sia-y in one £'00 :PQ\S.i:[ion~ bU1: oon~ra:llt!y c;hanges: mm the acciens o.r [hej}·ll$-e.t's lI~d Il!lind. The ¢hal~ a're, sometlmes_obvio'Us, somerimes $1) SLi~1·3£.11O be 'inv.isiibIE:, but bmvever :l;Itg I.1f small :are f;:uely made consdoiiill;sly.

Tn fuld:l,l. natura! pos;itiQn for'dle 'm.umb in Is'l: 'po'i>hion~'dr-o,p 'm.~ band: '~!l th~ '$id.e '!Jlndl"elu :ilt con'l:ple:tely. ,f-Ir.n Wi,rl101i:tE :me~:".· Cilih,.>:a..nd$cll. -wJ:rhlh.!ili vi·olDin,. qllickly mise lhet.la~d. iill~o pl~,ymg, POSitiOll. If th.e lm.and and arm are campletilly u:]a·xeq. \>Vbatev~ position the 'thumb natur.al]y .ilItfiw:Sillf isthe o.on"ect .p(JIshion f'Of tiiat];l.uticll]a~ lla!n.q'~ This is tile position mat. the thumb d~pllr'[~'fl'¢m" and returnsto •. as 'itmO'\!e~ aooW!l:di '{lin, me vii.oHlil !:i.~k.

INj'01& the space ibetween lillie base lo~f tbe 1h1il:l1i~ jil'ld th@ fh'~lt_ fi:nger

COOLer'!: :Hand.

W'a:rm"Uip @xerci',se'

To Uif! squmllzlng the neck '[00 hal'i{'lbetween me thumb :and ·tD;11tl tmg~rs>pbil¥ this fingeri1l;S pauern (wldchind,ude$, every pO$s:IbEe' oombil'l.ation of :ar.ny 'Nl'O fingelS) w:ilrloutthe thumb 'rm:lchifi~ the neck Cap1!;1lre mt: fue~.ing of the mumb':s indeplmde-nce from m~ ~r.FI:~r-5. and thenfind the :s..rml! feeUn,g with the, mwnb in its usuilIll, 'PO:;.i'tiOD,

'. P~aY' wh'h me i!Jbumb wei] :foNfsrd) 'Somililwnere opposite the 1liird fir[l:c~r, and labour: a centimetre away from the n.eck (Fig. 113.). Keep theside of the firSt .Onger light:I),loiLlltJtiing tlIe neck.

• P~ay1ng with me met.ronO'me, first playn!! ei,~tn-:Ilo'~es (l]I:i:Ei¥~n), m'en six teen im-li,qtes, (8Ie.miq'lI.til,Yet'S) lind m[n:Y"$ec~QlDd=notes, Cdemi!<e:m~q:!,l!avers),

'.Por the purp():S0s 0:1' tile' e:&<emsc, 'ha:llg"tlhe ,~iim :ft!IUtl, dlJil finge~~ using arm mighl to 'stop dil,e notes, Re:liiX the entire weight of the h~~dinto the chin rest to b.Old the 'Ifiolin :i1rml.y .. Or. rest. th.e scroll against' 'mewali..

, I

, , ,

., ~ L__ ,

§ c

E r

~I

r E :E _I r
=-1 r

r :F

2 ~ ...I

Examp!h1!'

:1

etc.

, . , -

1'.

, =

I "

I

On diltreurut. occasiens pI~Y'thm'!!1gh the sequence with different 'mone-=semitoll}!1l spacings beM~1iI dl¢6,n,~e.rll:

(1)

, ,

:rl:ay the Sa.m~ $eq:uence: on. each :string:. [Practice, [meth.od

Play phrases, who.le passa:ges~ or whole movemems witholUt tbe 'mta.mb Oil, the [lec~ as in the ~ercls~·" Rest !!:he: scroll against m}- wail. to ·Q\tQid Itu,~m~ to press on the ealn r1i:s.~ for ~9flg periods.

• MQ'!,I',e the lh~mlb 'bad:"" .. 'alds ::lind :l'Qirntarn$ as silThffiJirnm, the fiitsl[ '~baJri>"B(l;gin with, thAi:mlln1!)D fill' forward) :so.m~fe op'Pos~re the th:imlir.Ji,~er~ al1droiOVe it 'back 'beltrJ!.vee\l'li the mS:l: ;fi;!'l!~er' .. nd '[tit,'!' [JjU~.

• 'Cn:mg.~' djre;ctiQIfl\!i.·itb!~eth:u~'il;lb 31t the ~aJ!I;n{ltilmc ;L~ d1:BJllgmS (,1:iructiO.n. with UI:e: how. ThaI!; ~s:~ if ~i2 'hl'imIlb i.5moll!IDg ~~tJW;}i:'d:!l mebriligt" ,SirJid Vi:)r\!i :~re on su u~-,bow~ st'a:~t mmi~g the' :th~mb ~omTd~ the sewi] wh.en you cJ;tlllnge to the cl)OlW:I];.lbow;" Thls ensuresthat [1t'ite mum]) is al,w.ai~i'S; mmrii:ng whe.n mi!iiiillig Or ~O~llg a fm,grer. Do. :n0[ m:o,lIle~1!rts;rUysrtQP ~ilovilllg 1!he;wlI,lmb !I~ '1fi~:IJi[!ge:!" t$ diffilj),pedi Q:r :m,isedL

J~60

~ Thumb

rww,~d

I

Je -r

rPI

Th;lo.Im:bmO!\res Ibta~t:,

llmn:ib mOVlCS f~ard

1111ml'bmovcs 1ll1W]iJ,b moves

'w,;::k fQT.'ilmm

Thumb ,mmr,;", 'bao;:I;:

...----....

r I r

r

RoUiing fiingers iill1totheslr:ing

'~i~in;tr':~ng~n, inr.om:e:str-i.n;gis t.he S~Ull£ as ~he mowemenf oil"IDefi:!'l!giertipi:!'l! vibf.EiiI'O\ (Se:ef'ig. 54 .• pag,e219.J

.f~(M'llilrril ·ofr~l1. roiLed. :fia:d'IJ~fman "pr,essed'into '[he 8t!:i.ng:~ ~s:peda]];Y th~ ~rsu l1otf! :aJfW1' ~reSlt. R.Q:ning a'Uiro:ma~:i;c~l]y SI1!OPS ~he' $1i;ri:ng ~nO'llsh wi;th(MI1~ p.l\ess~ng).fli.ul the :1e',:1I~l1m.nmb ooun~:r~p,[es$ure is needed" (P:].a;~ m~ :pa]m, 'Olf your ~3'rJidfiait on ;~ H!b~e-t~p~ :re.hudng 'tile ,ve:igh~ of 't;he:3iutl h:l.to me- harn.d" Now' s'li:mhtlyo roU die hand fi;prm()ne: ·slide 00 ancther: f~e~, how the :dde aftne hand, plI"eSsesmlto the ta'ibJe lIlore.)

Pbr a rt"WQ-o(J[avc sc;de ,of A maJ,Qfin &s:1:: poshion, w1ith "p~;!(l",e herweeneaeh ;[lute.

. 3. I'iI

f'[C •

11'1

1 Sile1li.til:yp]aee the noee ll1 'tu't"ie', with me fing,e:r in :its .no:r.[lH!lI,l'Qundiea rsh;rpe, (Fig. 343.).

l Then ro]1 theoog,er bac..k 0.1] lQth~ pad" .1IW<3!ji' f:rO:m thlJ: tip ;ll],dJ 10W(ltjilliig m.epr,i~:ch(F];8:. 341b)", .A:t me same; time releasethe slllii~~ so that [00 fillge:rl:es;t~ entae stdtlg .<l~ .I:ijgh~y as if 110 pllil!y·:;;t filllr-molliic (wr:itlte'Jl aS~1] x-.~o~). CQlfflpl~,n~l.y ru~am::m~t!humb.

~Ro:iifolVi'aro !Jill 'the pad ohhet1n!1le.ii. As me ,(jnge.r.roIs~,~h.e sl\;ri~gwiUiOlll;:!Jwn:!<Itic:lMy lbe pMs~d down tmv.a:ro~ me ~f!ge~(lf'd,r WIfi.ho'lIIL much OOiUilllit.e't"'p-f;e:SSUlre fr«m. me: mr1i.mlb,

Roil lIlIfiti~tho!il rip !lYfm~ fi:n~er is 011 the dg'lu: iPiTic~. ·!!i~tii mC:!J! pJQ.ymis n(lt~ p~caHI"

Feci h~ relil~ed me; thumb hi'r There may be a. feeUng of: .~t. s~id!i:nlg llpWlI.td!s a,~hlle) lIsr.iJ.e :fi~ga: .g@es, doWn" b:unil: ha.rdmyb.aJs !rno press i:I~.8:iast the neck :ail, all.

,4 Rej:le!.lt~lPbying me DQlle with the bow ins(ead of plit,z]:C3li!o. •. P!~a-1 diLe ifl].!fOO'c note on]y, with.ollJ!: iI~~lide:-m;:ib: ~lJreml.': bow sn,oire beSil1!!l all: re:~cdyme ~amem.o:me:i.llt a'S the .flLfJger a:rri"ltls altmJi): ~11i.II.1ilne' note.

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