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1 What is a Mole
A measurement of Matter
Mole = A word that has several meanings Can refer to a number of things Can refer to a mass Can refer to volume of a gas It depends on the context
Scientist spend time answering question such as ³how much´ or ³how many´.
Quantitative World Chemistry students will be expected to perform calculations relating quantities of reactants and measure the amount of matter you have. Ex. How many grams of the elements hydrogen and nitrogen must be combined to make 200 grams of Fertilizer ammonia (NH3)?
How Do You Measure Matter? You can Count You may have 50 CDs in your music collection You knocked down 7 pins bowling By Weight or Mass You buy potatoes pound or kilogram By Volume You buy Gasoline by the gallon or liter
Some units = Specific amounts of items Ex. Pair of shoes = Two shoes Ex. Dozen eggs = 12 eggs
Apples can be by the count ex. 5 for $2.00 Apples can be by weight ex. $0.89/pound Apples can be by volume ex. $9.00/bushel
The Units & Mole Know how to count, mass, and volume of apples relate t a dozen apples allows you to convert between these units The mole is an SI unit that measures amounts of a substance Mole can be related to number of particles, mass, volume of element or compound