Tutorial 1

1. Carbon tetrachloride ( between the atoms of a A. covalent B. Metallic

) is used as a propellant in aerosol cans. What type of bonding occurs molecule? C. Ionic ?

2. What type of bonding occurs in iron(III) chloride, A. covalent B. Metallic C. Ionic

3. What type of bonding occurs in a sample of pure sodium, sodium atom held to another sodium atom? A. covalent B. Metallic C. Ionic
nonpolar covalent based on each element's position in the periodic table. Sr-O Na-N Cs-Cl O-F P-Br S-Cl S-S I-I Polar covalent : Nonpolar covalent : Ionic :

? In other words, how is one

4. Consider the following element combinations. Classify the bonds formed between each pair as ionic, polar covalent, or

5. Classify the bonds formed between each pair of elements based on electronegativity values in the following table: Element Electronegativity 1.3 1.5 2.1 2.1 2.5 2.5 2.8 3.0 3.5 4.0 S-I H-Br H-P S-o Be-F Be-Cl Sc-O Polar covalent : Nonpolar covalent : Ionic : 6. Which of the following compounds has the highest boiling point?

A. F₂

B. NaF

C. HF

D.ClF

1. Classify each element as a metal, nonmetal, or semimetal. Al Si Sn O Zn Ne Metal : Nonmetal : Semimetal : 2. Arrange the following elements in order of decreasing electronegativity. Potassium manganese phosphorus oxygen ANSWER : 3. Which one of the following elements is a good oxidant?

A. F
A. Na selenium.

B. Cr
B. Si

C. Mn
C. S

1. Which of the following elements would you expect to be the best insulator? 1. Place the following elements in order of decreasing atomic size: tellurium, bromine, argon, cesium, strontium, and 2. Rank the following elements in order of decreasing atomic radius. A. Br B. Cl B. F C. I C. B D. F D. O 1. Rank the following elements in order of decreasing atomic radius.

A. C

write its chemical symbol: Bromine 2. +5 and +8 B. For each of the following elements. How many hydrogen atoms are in each of the following. metalloid. argon . and indicate whether it is a metal. For each of the following elements. Potassium . By referring to the periodic table. . 1. 1. Arsenic Metal : Nonmetal : Metalliod : 3. or Bromine. . D. For each of the following elements. D. Magnesium. By referring to the periodic table. 7. sulfur alkali metal : alkaline earth metal : chalcogen : halogen : noble gas : 5. metalloid. B.1. E. predict the charge of the most stable ion of A. respectively? D +3 and +8 Phosphorus Arsenic E. predict the charge of the most stable ion of A. iodine . or nonmetal. +3 and +6 Chromium Magnesium nonmetal. argon . iodine . By referring to the periodic table. Helium. B. sulfur Metal : Metalliod : Nonmetal : 6. Estimate the approximate . Chromium. For each of the following elements. +1 and +4 Zinc A. C. write its chemical symbol: Potassium Iodine Magnesium Argon Sulphur 4. D. predict the charge of the most stable ion of A. E. c. oxygen. which explains why boron is larger than felt by a valence electron of boron and oxygen. magnesium . C. . Helium C. For each of the following elements. and indicate whether it is a metal. locate it in the periodic table. +5 and +6 1. The shielding of electrons gives rise to an effective nuclear charge. B. determine the name of the group to which it belongs potassium . magnesium . Phosphorus. E. . Zinc.

D. . and . Express your answer as a chemical formula. 1. Using the periodic table to guide you. CsBr . . B. A. B. and . Predict whether each of the following compounds is molecular or ionic.Give the chemical formula for perchlorate ion. Molecular : Ionic : 15. I. 20. predict the name of the compound formed by 9. 1. 19. . and and and and and . Predict the chemical formula for the ionic compound formed by 10.Predict the chemical formula for the ionic compound formed by 11. predict the chemical formula of the compound formed by 8. predict the charge of the most stable ion of . predict the name of the compound formed by 3. NOCl . CHᴣOH . C.Predict the chemical formula for the ionic compound formed by 13. J. 18. By referring to the periodic table. E. predict the chemical formula of the compound formed by 6. Using the periodic table to guide you. NFᴣ . . B. A.Predict the chemical formula for the ionic compound formed by 14. 5. Using the periodic table to guide you. C. Sc₂Oᴣ . By referring to the periodic table. predict the chemical formula of the compound formed by 4. H. C. LiNOᴣ .Give the chemical formula for chloride ion. Ag₂SO4 . Using the periodic table to guide you. Using the periodic table to guide you. predict the name of the compound formed by and . Using the periodic table to guide you.1. 16. B₂H6 and . D.Predict the chemical formula for the ionic compound formed by 12.Name the following ionic compounds. 17. and .Give the chemical formula for chlorite ion.Give the chemical formula for hypochlorite ion.Give the chemical formula for chlorate ion. 2. F. and . G. D. predict the charge of the most stable ion of A. predict the chemical formula of the compound formed by and . . . Using the periodic table to guide you. E. predict the name of the compound formed by and . E. 7. Using the periodic table to guide you.

hypochlorous acid. as appropriate. Write the chemical formula for mercury bromide. 4. The anions are also named in a similar fashion. 11. as appropriate. Write the chemical formula for sodium hypobromite.The oxides of nitrogen are very important ingredients in determining urban air pollution. for each of the following ions. for each of the following binary molecular substances. Name each of the following compounds.Give the chemical names of each of the following familiar compounds . Write the chemical formula for aluminum hydroxide. 5. iodic acid sulfurous acid. Based on these observations. dinitrogen tetroxide hydrogen cyanide tetraphosphorus hexasulfide 10. 9. Write the chemical formula for zinc nitrate. as appropriate. 2.Elements in the same group of the periodic table often form oxyanions with the same general formula. for each of the following acids. 6. 7. suggest a chemical formula or name. Write the chemical formula for copper oxide. Give the name or chemical formula.1. Give the name or chemical formula. arsenate ion hydrogen tellurate ion 12. 3. 8. Write the chemical formula for potassium sulfate. Write the chemical formula for iron carbonate.

Write the formula for the hypoiodite anion. Write the formula for the iodate anion. 20.Write the correct chemical formula for hydrobromic acid and bromic acid. For each of the following pairs.The sizes of atoms change as we move from top to bottom in a group in the periodic table increase / decrease? 28.Write the correct chemical formula for chloric acid and perchloric acid.Write the formula for the periodate anion.Write the correct chemical formula for mercurous chloride and mercuric chloride.Write the correct chemical formula for potassium sulfite and potassium bisulfite. 18.Write the formula for periodic acid.Write the correct chemical formula for ammonia and ammonium ion.(table salt) (baking soda) (bleaches) (caustic soda) (smelling salts) (plaster of Paris) 13. 23. 19. 14.Iodic acid has the molecular formula . Arrange each set of atoms in order of increasing radius.Arrange the following atoms in order of increasing atomic radius.The sizes of atoms change as we move from left to right across a row in the periodic table increase / decrease? 27.Write the correct chemical formula for calcium sulfide and calcium hydrogen sulfide. which element will have the greater metallic character. S P As F 29. (a) Be Mg Ca (b) Br Ge Ga (c) Tl Si Al (d) K Cs Rb (e) Te Sn In (f) Cl P Sr 1. 21. 24. 25. 15.Write the formula for hypoiodous acid. (a) Li & Be (c) Sn & P (b) Li & Na (d) Al & B . 22. 17.Write the correct chemical formula for iron oxide and iron oxide. 26. 16.Write the correct chemical formula for aluminum nitride and aluminum nitrite.

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