RIGHT-HANI DEVELOPMENHJA22

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BY RENARDD.HOOVER

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PFEFACE

The material contained this book is the resultof countless in hoursof playing, observation, andteaching. concept The evolved guitar whilestudying classical andI began realize to that the immense musical technical placed the righthandinclassic and demands guitar on were, generally, ignored modern in guitarThesemodern methods pick-style for methods assume t h e r i g h t h a n d w i l l a u t o m a t i c a l l y f o l l o w t h e l e f t i n t h e ic u ds e o fl o p m e n f a n y om y o w n tsr eve M f students'musical technical problems and weredirectly related the inability execute to to the righthand properly. Thisright-hand tecnhique began anattempt correct as to thesedificiencies, resulted a and in marked rapidimprovement mystudents'playing. thisbasis, is mycontention and in On it that the righthandin pick-style deserves sameattention ourclassical the that colleagues spend timedeveloping Paparraro, with Pujol, Giuliani. and Practicing thesestudies improve with will clarity single'line in improvisation, phrasing, chordmelody reading, musical playing. and In quality musicianship be raised. short,the overall of will Thearrangement thisbookassumes level beginnerAdvanced of players the of mayf indthe latterexercises moreappropriate theirimmediate to needs.However. cannotstresstoo I strongly, needto practice bookfromthe beginning. righthandmustbe allowed the this The timeto adaptto the appropriate movesrequired eachset of exercises. in It is my hope that this book provides meansfor all seriousstudentsof this beautiful a instrument towards attainment self-expression-regardless of of styleor idiom.

THE RASIS
Whystudythe right-hand pick-style guitar, of independently the left hand?Namely, is from it important develop technique to (always a viewto a musical a with statement), whichwillallow guitarists playalltypesandstylesof music.lt becomesnecessary focuson the modern to to righthandbecause iswhere instrument's this the sound initiated. is Someof requirements the placedon the righthandare:dynamics, differences texture,repeated in notes,rapidscalar and arpeggiated figures, wide leapsbetween strings. The handmustbe trainedto respono accurately and quickly,according a wide varietyof musicaldemands. to Thefollowing method oneof several is methods righthandandrightarmmovement. for Some playersadvocateplayingwith the arm and wrist locked,with motionoccurring only at the elbow.Stillothersadvocate threepossible all motions, fingers, wristand arm. Thesestudiesfall underthe last category. Approximately of the motion 90% comesfromthe fingers wrist(depending whether is playing and on one chords single or lines). technique This provides the most efficiency for and its usageis widespread guitarists amongstprominent today.

STARTNG

POINTS

Two fundamental axioms must be remembered regardsto right hand movement: in 1. The pick movesflat acrossthe pickedstring(noslicing). 2. The shorterthe stroke(distance) pick travels, the the better. lnthef irstinstance, insures goodtoneproduction. latter a necessity eventually this The is for attaining rapidpicking a technique. Further, thereexistsa plethora pick gauges of and shapes. is recommended student lt the use a heavygauge,jazz-stylepick. The heavygaugewill allow the guitaristto vary rne jazz-style hardness softness the attack.The or of pickwillenable player maintain the to better controlof it.

HOLDING THE PICK
The handshould suspended be abovethe guitarwrthno anchoring the second, of third,or fourth fingers thepickguard guitar on or Thepickis heldbetween thumb body. the andsideof the forefinger. See PhotosA and B.

Thethumbandforefinger worktogether a singleunit.Forsinglelineplaying, armand as the thewristremain relatively with stationary, the movement coming onlyfromthesetwofingers.

Thepick is thenpushed acrossthef irststring(E)with collapse the the of thumbknuckle. e : c e c s u e s r Concentrate allrequired . of In the following exercises.PICKINGTHE STFINGS Next. observeit carefully so and diligenily all of its apotications in pick attackson the remaining To initiate open strings. See PhotoC. handshiftsto the aporoolate the position eachstring. velocity come automatrcaltv will . and acrossthe string. See photoD. berow.Beginning anc ^:e.this on movements thetwofundamental and axiomslVhen o. for Thisassures thatall six strings be pickedin the samemanne. the on Position righthand thatthepick the so will moveflat acrossthe stringand only movea shortsidtance. thumb the the knuckle ) arches withtheforef pushing inger upward. To initiate up (t7 stroke. beginpracticeby settinga slow tempo. initiate down(l'l)stroke thef irst(orE)string. This is a subtlemovement.as well as accuracy.3cess becomes accurate and secondnature.Do nof rest the pick on the stringpriorto attack. this movesthe pick back up.m e d i a t e t u d e n t s h o u l d s e a m e t r o n o mu n t i la n " e v e n " e n s eo f r h y t h m s d e . will assuring continuity soundand form. below.

Rernemberthethumb knuckle collopseson ll .._"'l i - r r - - n n - n - lo'v v v v v V - | n n - v v v v V V V V V V V V . Don't reoch for the nexl string with the fingers.. qnd orches on V. shift the hond.' r v - i t - - - f i .These notes ore to be picked os indicoted. '1 '1 - r r :i .ploying eoch note os loudly qs possible.n .

.V V ! VV .v n v n v r'l_f_! I rr v ! tl .v I v r v l v .Thisis the introduction to repeotednote picking.I n tl rrln v n v n v - 2t.f - r / J Vt V . three. ond four rrcteswill hove on occent ploced over thJfirst note of eoch group. rr t > ll n v n v .V V ! V V . > 3 : > 3 - r = 7 a > a 23.V V N V V .'l-l r . Groupsof two.n V r r r -e > -C N V V .v r r v n ! r \ l : > 3 .v . V V n v V n v v n V_I_nv I : > 3 nIri nIV n r lv a l > t S > J = = = > 3 .v . n n v n n v n n v r']-l-l > 3 ! n v ! n v ! n v r._ V V 1 1 V V r .

.I n .V n n v r n v n rl V V V V V V V V y V I V V V I V V I V V V V V i V V V V V 27.'i Vetc. v .v n .v v -etc. V .: V il V l'l V l'l F l f':l yetc. so you will be oble to ploy the thirty-second notes in the lost meosure. V -etc. V X al\/fyetc. : > > Apply the obove formulo to oll strings.V 1 e f c .y'l V V i'l etc. f'l V f':l Yetc. t \ a + - rl'liI. V . Begin slowly.v-n n I n . -'V . ! { This exerciseis in preporotionfor the tremolo.v n .I rr .. V n V - V - V - V - V netc.i.v . N V - V - V N V v n v"t:' 28.I.V n .

D. Wotch for thr different_demqrds plocedon your hond. The llor V con be initioted on the"outsiderroron the t'inside'r two odjocen of strings. etc. then O. 30. ln future. we encounter cross-stringpicking involving two odjocent strings. 30. > etc. ploy eoch repeot four (4) times.C ord ploy stroight through without repeots. D.The lotter tends to be more tricky.C V 1 etc.C . n V n V n! :> :> etc. 'V i V etc. lts mostery is essentiol. Not-e beginningwith No. oppiy this procedure'to oll similorly noioted exercises.Here.

V -etc. etc. > V . V 1 etc. etc. -V-Vetc. VnVletc. -V-Vetc. > etc. n ! etc.10 35. .

! . f J . ploy oll notes evenly. - 4 . v n V l v :> :> l'1 etc. etc. - V etc.l1 Thissectioncombines cross-string with repeoted note picking. especiolly the sixfeenth notes. the shorter the stroke the better. Remember. os there is o tendencyto speedup on the repeotednotes.

t2 47A. etc. V > : V > - V 1 etc. n V - V n Vetc. > V n V tl V n e tc. > :> V n V n :> yetc. . etc.

1! etc.. . 498. N V ! etc. :> 5 1 !etc. etc.l3 1. V n V nV :> :> 1 etc. > etc. 1 p. )> 1 1 !etc. etc. etc.1 ! etc. > etc. etc.

V ll etc. tc. V V . > etc. etc. I I etc. etc [51etc.e etc. = 7 7 -J :> . etc. . V 1 etc.t4 55. etc. etc. V V etc.1 V !etc.

etc. 11 etc. D. :> r> 1.'l '! etc. :> etc.1 1etc. 1 1 1etc. V V etc. l'1 f''l l'1 etc.-etc.1etc. 1.C -t-= . etc. V .

! l \ / ! \ / \Yi I \t iY! et t e t. :> etc. .l V etc. r> etc.C. D. 1. . . rV e t c . V f'l V ll etc. V l.l V ll V fl etc. J V r . V ll V l'1 etc. . > etc. V V 11 l'1 etc. c c t l :> etc.16 :> ! etc. v vetc. . V 11V f'l etc. f ' lV l \ i e t c . etc. > etc. . :> efc.

V :> - V :> - V fl etc. V - Vetc. B 0 A. 1 1 . - v n \/ - ve tc.This section involves on owkwqrd configurolion between cross-stringond repeoted note pickings. V> V n .

V etc. . etc :> n V n > - Vetc. V etc. ata -l n v > - - Vetc. etc.

V V - V V t'tetc. J V n - V I 1etc. e C - - a O a a t - 1 a ) . 88. v v t t t / V I etc.V - - V - lletc. > > 89.

.20 |1 n n n - letc. V V V V V Vetc. n - - n |1 |letc. V V V V V Vefc.

VnV-Vlletc.n etc. V l'l etc. Do not move the hono. -nVFliVetc. fVnViVetc. :> :> et . > ?xvx : > ll V etc. > > g V n l V . :> etc. :> :> nnVt|FlVetc. n V V l ! V etc.2l Thissectioninvolvesthe problem of the precedingone while oddingo new one: skipping ocross the middle string in groups of ihree odjocent sirings. This must be dme cleonly. Postion the hond so thot the reoch of the f-ingers is equolly distributed in eqch direction. > > e N VVt'tVVetc.

:> :> etc.. V V V V V Vetc.V V .11 l'''l ll etc. V--V-netc. . VV-VV-etc. ll . :> :> etc. nn---t'l > :> etc. etc.e t c . VVVVVVetc. V V .)) l 0t .

lt7. il1. concentrote first on occurccy. V V - V V - 3 X ? X V ? x ? X - I etc. l rv V F ] V ' Y V - . I 16. 29. V fl eic.: V -l \V i ' : 1vV f .\ V fN ' V r. I eTc.xv V :> N n V etc. t v. It0. |09.V''l f ' : V F V . retc. :> 5 6 lV y . V Fletc.' Vt V 5 I vV : . > r > Apply the qbove formulo to the following sets of odjocentstrings.\ V f -\ / Vf i V etc. Ploy oll occents os shown. .l lV l i' l V - y l \ / . quintuplets qnd septupletsqre introduced.V e t c .V v' t 1Vv -l v f. :> 3 . I eTc. l v V V V l'1 etc. > Apply the obove formulo to the following sets of odjocentstrings.r \ i 5 fV ' l.V'l > : yetc. | 12. lV tI li fV v- v x ? x 3 .This is o voriqtion of No. | 14.: V v . Agoin.r \ / : ' / .V . f'l v V :> r'':r v V - V I V i ? X 5 ? x ? 6 ! etc.\ / v / : V l> :> '':l VfV-V'1 V . It5.

6 6 'r V ! pin "'"' n y lV y I l V N v : N t V \.i Vt \N / Vt \N / y n V r V > > VXV r V - / t v -etc.C Apply the obove formulo to the following sets of odjocent strings. :v v ' f l " \ l / t - 3 x ? x ? x Y 3 I u i eic. V v I r V r ' V 1 V \ N / .::l I l'l '1 V |l V 'letc. 123. . i l x 3 x ? x ? { ?lV r {V VN nV V5 5 | ' . tzt. I 20. V V n D.etc. ? x ? 3 X ? X ? X ? X ? X ? xllI etc. | 19. \/ v'1 \/ . l> 7 Apply the obove formulo to the following sets of strings. etc.n 1 n iV ' l\n / V ' \: /r V v n1y V v aVt vV f 'n tvV ''1 r/erc. V v l I I ' j V ? x ? ! etc. t25. f . 124. r I eTc.24 I tB.

132.yetc. fl etc.! :> - v Vn .\ / V V n V V V - Iv - V I V - V i':l Yetc. Apply the obove formulo to the following sets of strings. .. l'l etc.) 5 5 ? x ? x ? ! etc.\ / . V .V . V 1 N : > > Apply the obove formulo to the following sets of strings. l'l etc.t26.Vetc. - V v n - V Y - s X V X ? !X x ? ! etc.:'l v V | \/1 :':r \/ '':r -\/ V:':r \/ :'l V I V V . > V \ : - / > n V n ? x ? x ? ? x ? x 3 V V I \/ etc. . :> lV V I f lV ' \ i : ]v a t v ' r \ / ] V l I . 6 Fi V . 6 'l I .\ / . :> :> 6 n v I :'lV v. t 3t .V '1 V r'letc.v .V l'letc.V .vV n V /. . I 28.Y Vn f ! ' ll Y -n Yi \ r V v V fl V f':tV V '1 V .y n V . 129. V l'letc.\ / . 127.

V t V t'ietc. All possible pickingpotternsore not given. :> V V V n V V V - V V - V i t . I \Y / E r E I \Y / a rr vn v . \ / .V lletc. . | | eTc.will hqve to of determinethose other possibilities. . .!etc.26 These exercises ore closely reloted to studiesfor right-hondin clossicolguitor literoture. V .. . l i t l v | 33. I 38. ll etc. n . V \ :> - / - V \/ etc.olong with the guidonce o quolifiedteocher. 1 etc. 3 X ? I etc.v .V V V :> . The student.- - | 35. :> X V ! etc..

v x ? x n V y etc. lletc. I V V - I V yetc. 140.-. 'letc. t 4t . n \ / v l l r. b. I letc > .l V Vetc. > etc. Thesesextupletsshouldolso be ployedos follows: o.V V - V Vetc.r V V | l l. ll etc.

" 1 V . V : l V .y e t c . I 45.' V \ / V rr . V I V .V ' t e t c . t c . :> etc.V l l e t c . .28 | 43.. r r \v / rI V - .V ..' Vetc. :'l V i v V :'l - V v l e :"1 !etc. :] \/:':l \/-Vetc.

V V V V V - ? - f't etc.- v n n v |ln\/ :> V V N V V - I50. | etc.F f n V . ! I [fi?xnq N V E :> I E r l \ / v - i il!fi?$""'\ v - V V N V V - . :> - t't v V ll V - V - V \i etc. n . e c v i V V "1 V -'/etc. .v -(V fllV) v . 1l etc.Alternote occented rhythmic potterns for this group: > : > These two voriotions ore opplicoble to previous ond future three-note figures.l l v n i v 1 . utc.Vflv-)etc. . V .\ / . t47. .!le ttc . r I eTc.v n >> f ?rx?$:r:: u \ i \ / - | 53..

etc. I5 7 . 3XV ! etc.30 Ploy os written. etc. etc. eTc. I 56. l'1etc. . n v n! > V n V ll etc. etc. ?x? ! etc.\ / n ! V n Vll :> etc. eTc. > etc. D.C N V n ! etc. fl etc. V n V n etc. etc. etc. J -e - . ? X ll!V etc. The four sixteenth notes should olso be ployed os eighth notes ond occented os follows: b.

Thesequintupletsshouldbe ployed os written in oddition to the following occentedrhythmic potterns: This sequence potterns oppliesto qll future groupsof quintuplets. n V .V ( nn v vn :> 6 !) etc.V (V V N V .V .V l> ( nv n ( Vn V l"l V)etc.1)etc.v r l v V n V r V > \ 1\/ . of I60. 162.\ / _ v i v j ' \' i Y i (n V n (v nv n y)etc. :> . V l. c.\ / n \ / .\ / . . f\if_l\/f_l V l l V .(V n v V n V n V (n V N 6 t/)etc. . I5 3 . etc. v n)etc.l Y l l \ i) e t c . V ll)etc. I V I V | r V . / F \ / v / F r. ll)etc.V :> ( V n V ll V)e ( n v n v n )etrc . .

C. > > > fl etc.C.! e t c . r V-V-Vtletc. D. I . V . lV e t c .etc. \ . ?x!xix etc. \ Y / rl \l / v ! l\ l/ . l V r . ln oddition. lVV 1 r V l Vetc.) 3 3 b. V-V-Vlletc. D. v lV v fV' lfl fVV e t c .V . l l ' : \ / f ' :y . :> > > etc. etc.32 This group is to be ployed os i n d i c o t e d .opply the following potterns: a. : :> > > etc.C. > > > e f c . Y > > D. etc. . lV r .l l e t c .) 6 |66. I > :> > etc. lvFVlVetc.

i'l n V i Vi'ir V Vi'l 173. 116. f\ l/V f '/ l-n !/ e t c . VfiVnVietc. -\ ! \ > > > e t c . l y 174. a ll tt. > > > e t c . > > > e t c . l ' ' lV f ' : !l . VflV-VI'letc. Vn > > > e t c . > > > e t c . etc. -V-y-!etc. V-VnVietc. tll'l Vetc. n V V -! V Jl !ee c c . l ' 'V f " l l r ! e t c .33 t72.! e t c . . Y t t y t t Y t t e l c .

r8l. Vetc. 179. . > vx! > v . V n V .V ietc. | 80.\/ n V ietc. > > > > >etc. It \/ .v . > :> > etc. c .v . :> ll V f"l V I V V t V I > : > > > e t V n V -etc. Vefc. > > >etc. I \/ n \/ . V n V lr ! -etc. > :> > > >etc.\ / n v n V l ! e t c .V e t c . | 83.\/ .V n V l V e t c .Use the following odditionol occented potterns for this group: 3 r ' . :> f'l V I > > V . >etc.V l V l V . f'l v f':l \/ V V > :> V |1 V > v r1 V l1 etc. ? A 2 l> t> - > > > > > I 78.V n V n Vetc.V ietc. v . .

|1 '.etc./v . . - \/ v f. . V etc. V etc." v Y \.35 Proctice using previous occented potterns for five note groups. etc. V etc. V v - " . \ n ."v Y ". V etc.' v v f. ! etc.' F .! ' I etc. ! etc. f't \/ v - ! x n etc. \ n v i '..' . 1 etc. I 84./v .' - F etc. \ n . I 85.

-e > etc.36 Utilize the following occented pctterns: b .n \ -/ -V v y .V n V V n etc. > etc. fi Vn > etc. D. V etc. Y rr V etc. - ! lt .\ / xi n tt ! etc.etc. > etc. V 11 Veic. > etc. i_1 v eTc.C. rr V etc. t95.V r V . 3 .V 3 etc.C. ir ! etc.v . v eTc. Y .C. > etc.l V n etc. - i v -v V- il Y tl etc. 'J \ / - l v . n V . > etc. . D. t93. lt \/ n v -etc.V netc.\ / - t V rr V etc. D. N V V I I V - V l. . > etc.

etc. n\/-vltvf.V . I \/ Y I \/ ll V etc.V l V e t c .37 Use these qdditional occented potterns: 200. t'i 203. - V .c ' n\/ l> l> etc.n etc. Y . .lv- V N V XV x! > : > > > > etc. . - -\/ -V V V .V . etc."t".'> > > >etc. n 204.1V .t V i l V. s J1 V etc. etc. |.! t-l e tec t . > > > : > V .V n v n V V -v etc. -!-etc.V N V --VnVrretc.1 \i etc. fl V . . !fy"t. > > >etc. 202.V r v > ?x?x : > > > > N V. .V . V ll V . Y llvrrv . iV-\/ r VttVn r v l l V-Vetc. fV . v r r \ / ttVlletc..-VV .\ / i V n e t " .

. I I eTC. I I etc. 208. ? J ? X ! JV etc. then os sixteenth notes. 7ng etc. ! X V X nV V etc.38 Proctice this group of eighth notes. 2t 0 . occenting the first of two. r vI i Vv -l 'V l I\ /V n V V etc. -l V etc.

V ll efc.yetc.V l l V . f ' l \ / i r \ / .V F Vetc.! etc.\ / l " l\/ elc. : > > > > etc. V n V n V I V etc. > .V F l V r . V n \ / D.C.lI i n ! e t c . 2t6. V tr V n V n V ietc. v f ' lV . V N VF " \ i - r r v .e t c .C.39 2 tt . n Vr-r . n 2t3.C. l> - n y V n etc. D. f'lv: V - V - V:i V . F V n V . D. J ? -Xll! etc. l ' lV l V l y l l y e t c . V V netc. V lletc. V . l \ l 215. etc.

etc. a-+ VJVX etc. !xvx etc. > V J ! etc.40 The studiesshouldbe ployed first os eighth notes. etc. then sixteenth noteswith opproprioteoccent plocement. qs well os oll previous four-note groups. Two more chollenging pctterns con be opplied to these. 220. etc. etc. etc. . l'1etc. etc. 223. etc. X etc.\ / - V n V y etc. 1 etc. etc. > . > vx! > \/ etc. VXVn etc. y etc.

> n V . 229. v .41 Apply oll previous five note occented potterns. etc.V . 225. > etc. V I V n !etc.Vetc. V n V I !etc.vetc. . 224. 228. V i V . D.r V tl etc.y letc. V > I V t.C. .V -etc. I V n V -etc. l_l V f':l V ietc. > etc. 227. V l'1 Vetc. etc. 226. V V - Vetc.v . I V f':l V ietc.

232. 230.42 Apply oll previoussix-note occentedpotterns.Vnetc. f"l V f':l! .yetc. V I V q''l l.V .V fletc. > :> > etc.vetc. . 234. > > > e t c .u n uetc. > > > e t c . D. V n V . > > > e t c .'lVetc. VIV-V-etc. l] V f':lV f'llVetc.1 .C.V l'letc. v V-V-V-etc. V . 1. 233. > > > e t c .V ll V lletc. -V-ViVetc. ??( V . I \/ | \/ . v i v .

V X V X I I eTC. V etc. V etc. ? x ! x 1 etc.etc. V etc.43 Apply oll previoussix-note occentedpotterns. V etc. v etc. V etc. 237. ? x ? x ll etc. v x ? x ! x v x . v x ! x l'l etc. v x ! x ll etc. V etc. 239. Tta . ll etc. 243. V J V X l'1 etc. V etc.

44 Apply oll previous six note occented potterns. V ll V V |letc. !etc. V - V - V i ye tc.l V n 250. 246. . V f'l V l-r V | V V - V lletc. -etc. f. V |letc. n V I V - V n V n yetc. !xvx n Y etc' v ll etc. Iv V f':l V I ye tc.v r] v l l e tc. V l'letc. 247. . I V - V i V - V t'l !e tc. n V .V n Vetc' v n V I v 1etc. f'l V f''l V f'l yetc.

V - -etc. V n V n V I Vetc.Vetc. .] V f':1 V t_l ! V n V .V lletc.V ' 1 V .\i . sevennote occented . .V'letc.vetc. :'l v I 257. Vetc. V . V .v . il V il \/ I V 11etc.Vetc.v .V 1 1e t c . Vetc.V . 259. 2s5. === + + + + . f. V n V I V . f'l V t_l V f':l V ietc.V . V ff V n v l'1 V -etc' V I Vetc. r v i ' : l \/ | V V - V - V '" 1 e tc.V .V .v . n V n V . .Vetc. >etc. V .4! Apply oll previous potterns.

i ' l V l ' : lV i V e t c .V e t c . V I V t l V . n V f VV f 'Vl V e t c .v .e t c .V 1 !. \i .46 Apply oll previous six note occented potterns. V . r .etc. .V . . n V n V i V e t c . V l V l V l e t c . l'1 v f] 17 l'"1 y etc. 269.v J1etc. V n V i V -etc.V .V .V i Vetc. iV \/ f. V V - V lletc. . fi v ll u. .V . yetc. V l'1 etc.r \/ f'l vetc. n V a \i fl yetc. V .V lletc. l'1 V V lletc. 'Vl t ' " !1. V n V 1 ! 1etc. ' 267.! e t c .

V .C. \ / i \ / r \ / i \ / Y r t Y t t Y l t v e T c . eTc. 274.lvnv1etc.l \/ r t v r t \/ v r r \/ v r r etc.! e t c .V .V .V r V l e t c . l'1 -V-V-etc. > etc. . _J-J J . '1 \ / .Ni lV\ ii l V l\-/ V \ ' f V etc. ?XVX?XV etc. 272. 273.\ / Y i l v l t v I v V-V-Vlletc. ivttv-\llletc.V e t c . r . !xvx3x? r.47 Apply oll previous seven note occented potterns. \ / i \ / .C. :> > etc. D. |l VnViViletc. VttV-V-Vetc. V . VnV-V-Vetc. V .V .V . D. etc.V e t c . V V n V n V . -vl. etc.

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