Chapter4

DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF SMALL CHIP ANTENNA

Software used for the simulation of small chip antenna is HFSS High Frequency Simulator Structure; HFSS is a high performance full wave electromagnetic (EM) field simulator for arbitrary 3D volumetric passive device modelling that takes advantage of the familiar Microsoft Windows graphical user interface. It integrates simulation, visualization, solid modelling, and automation in an easy to learn environment where solutions to your 3D EM problems are quickly and accurate obtained. HFSS can be used to calculate parameters such as S-Parameters, Resonant Frequency, and Fields. Typical uses include:

Main Steps for Designing and Simulation
HFSS has a 3-dimentional view as shown in Figure 4.1, for detail see the appendix A.

2 Figure 4.Figure 4.2 drawing of substrate (3D view) . as shown in figure 4.1 showing the xyz plane Select the substrate of same dimensions and thickness.

Figure 4.3 after cutting the substrate Figure 4.4 Top view of upper layer with etching holes .

Figure 4.5 Side View of Small Chip Antenna .

Figure 4. for 2.8 GHz.4 GHz the return loss is 29dB and for 5.6 Bottom View of Small Chip Antenna after etching the holes Figure 4. . it is about -20 GHz.7 final view of Small Chip Antenna Simulated Result through HFSS Final simulated result shows the return loss verses frequency.

4GHz and 5. .8GHz.Figure 4.4 GHz and 5.8GHz The above simulated result shows that Small Chip Antenna can work on dual frequency 2.6 simulated result showing the return loss at 2.

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