P. 1
Thermal Imaging Ppt

Thermal Imaging Ppt

|Views: 2,776|Likes:
Published by Kaustubh Rajwade

More info:

Published by: Kaustubh Rajwade on Nov 08, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PPT, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

02/07/2015

pdf

text

original

THERMAL IMAGING

What is thermal imaging?
Thermal Ìmaging is the means by which
humans enable themselves to see in the
infrared portion of the spectrum of light.
Type of infra-red imaging science.
Also known as 'Thermography' or 'Ìnfra-red
Thermography'.
asics oI Light
nergy is
inversely
proportional to
wavelength.
Violet has the
most energy and
red has the
least.
nIra-red region
ivided into three regions:-
Ì. Near-Ìnfrared Region:
losest to visible light.
Wavelengths ranging from 0.7 to 1.3 microns.
ÌÌ. Mid-Ìnfrared Region:
Wavelengths ranging from 1.3 to 3 microns.
for example: remote control
ÌÌÌ. Far-Ìnfrared Region:
Largest component of the infra-red spectrum
Wavelengths ranging from 3 to over 30 microns.
Also called as thermal infra-red region.
!hysics oI emissivity
Ìncident nergy = mitted nergy + Transmitted nergy +
Reflected nergy
100%= mitted % + Reflected % +Transmitted %
Ìncident
light
Reflected
Absorbed
Transmitted
ctive & !assive Thermography
AT PT
pen Flame
Air stream
urrent
Man-made light
Sunlight
Ìnduction heating
Pressure
Microwaves
Man-made light
onstruction & Working
onstruction and Working
onversion to
lectricity
lectric
current
lectric
current
MR
Amplified
current
onversion to
MR
MR
Amplification
Amplified
current
1.)
2.)
3.)
1.)
2.)
3.)
1.)
2.)
!hoto-athodes
A negatively charged electrode used for
light detection.
oated with a photo-sensitive material
When struck by light, the absorbed energy
results in electron emission (Photo-electric
Effect)
x : ompounds of Ga, As, s, Sb, Na.
!hoto-electric eIIect
The photoelectric effect is the emission, or
ejection, of electrons from the surface of,
generally, a metal in response to incident
light.
!hoto Multiplier tubes
xtremely sensitive detectors of light that multiply
the current produced by incident light.
Temperature alibration
dvantages
Ìt shows a visual picture so temperatures over a large
area can be compared.
Ìt is capable of catching moving targets in real time
Ìt can be used to measure or observe in areas.
inaccessible or hazardous for other methods .
Ìt can be used to find defects in shafts, pipes, and other
metal or plastic parts .
Ìt can be used to see better in dark areas .
Limitations
ue to the low volume of thermal cameras, quality
cameras often have a high price range .
Ìmages can be difficult to interpret accurately when
based upon certain objects, specifically objects with
erratic temperatures, although this problem is reduced
in active thermal imaging.
Accurate temperature measurements are hindered by
differing emissivities and reflections from other surface.
Most cameras have ±2% accuracy or worse and are not
as accurate as contact methods.
nly able to directly detect surface temperatures.
Maritime & Navigation
Volcanology &
Geological surveys
Law enforcement Night vision
Research
Medical Ìmaging
Maintenance &
Monitoring
Applications
uture applications
The Iatest trend in imaging systems is the combining of
imaging cameras to the power of the personaI computer
(PC).
The eIectronics are contained on a card which can pIug
directIy into the computer and take advantage of the
high resoIution dispIay, processing capabiIity and mass
storage. The camera connects directIy to a port on the
computer.
The cost overhead associated with separate dispIays,
separate memory and encIosures is thus avoided.
#eIerences
1. Ìnfra-red Spectroscopy: Fundamentals and Applications-
Barbara Stuart, John Wiley and Sons Ltd., Wiley Publications
2. Hand book of Analytical Ìnstruments- R.S. Khandpur, Tata
McGraw Hill Publishing ompany Ltd.
3. Biomedical Ìnstrumentation- R.S. Khandpur, Tata McGraw Hill
Publishing ompany Ltd.
4. Practical application of ÌR techniques ÷ Ricardo Vanzetti.
5. Thermal Ìmaging techniques ÷ P. Glaser
Thank you

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->