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Subject Name:Signals and Systems Year/Sem: II / III

Unit-I REPRESENTATION of SIGNALS Two Mark question 1. Define step function and rectangular pulse function. 2. Draw the : a) Impulse b) Step function for continuous time signal ( (H (t ) , u (t )) 3. Define signals . 4. Define periodic signal . 5. Define odd and even signal. 6. State Dirichlet condition for Fourier series. 7. Represent the unit step sequence u n in terms of linear combination of weighted shifted impulse functions. 8. Is the signal x n periodic? 9. Find whether the signal given by x(n) ! 5 cos(6Tn) is periodic. 10. State the BIBO criterion for stability . 11. Represent a ramp signal in continuous ±time and discrete ±time, mathematically. 12. Explain briefly the terms Eigen function and Eigen value. 13. Determine the power and RMS value of the signal x(t ) ! e jEt cos [ 0 t . 14. State Parseval¶s theorem for discrete ± time signal . 15. Verify whether x(t ) ! Ae Et u (t ),E " 0 is an energy signal or not. 16. Show that the complex exponential signal x(t ) ! e j[ t is periodicand that the 2T fundamental period is . [0 17. Find the average power of the signal u (n) u (n N ) . 0 18. If the discrete time signal x?nA ! _ , 0 , 0, 3, 2 ,1,1, 7, 6 a, then find y?nA! x?2n 3A. 19. State time shifting property of continuous Fourier series. 20. State Linearity property of discrete Fourier series. 21. State Time reversal property of continuous Fourier series. 22. State frequency shifting property of continuous property. 23. What is the total energy of the discrete- time signal x(n) which takes the value of unity at n= -1, 0 and 1? 24. What is an energy signal ? Check whether or not the unit step signal is an energy signal ? 25. Classify the following signal as (i) eEt ,E " 1 (ii) e j 2Tft 26. Define Power signal .

0

27. Define Energy signal . 28. Is the signal x(t ) ! 2 cos 3Tt 7 cos 9t periodic? 29. Find whether the signal given by x(n) ! 12 cos(20n) is periodic. 30. Find whether the signal given by x(n) ! e is periodic. e 31. Find whether the signal given by x(t ) ! u (t ) u (t 10) is periodic. is periodic. 32. Find whether the signal given by x(t ) ! 12e 9e 33. Find even and odd components of the following signal given by x(n) ! _,0,1,2,3a. 1 34. Find even and odd components of the following signal given by x(t ) ! sin t 2 sin 2 t . 35. Determine the power and R.M.S. value of the signal x(t ) ! A cos(; 0 t U ) . T 36. Determine the power and R.M.S. value of the signal x(t ) ! 5 cos(50t ) . 3 37. Determine the power and R.M.S. value of the T T signal x(t ) ! A cos(50t ) 16 cos(100t ) . 4 3 38. Determine the power and R.M.S. value of the signal x(t ) ! 5 cos 5t cos10t . T 39. Determine the power and R.M.S. value of the signal x( n) ! cos n . 3 40. Determine the power and R.M.S. value of the signal x(n) ! e

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¨1¸ 41. Determine the power and R.M.S. value of the signal x(t ) ! © ¹ u ( n) . ª 3º T 42. Determine the energy of the signal x(t ) ! 5 cos(50t ) . 3 ¨1¸ 43. Determine the energy of the signal x(t ) ! © ¹ u ( n) . ª 3º

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44. Determine the energy of the signal x(n) ! e 2 8 . 45. Determine the energy of the signal x(t ) ! 5 cos 5t cos10t . 46. Determine the energy of the signal u (t ) u (t 1). 47. State Parseval¶s theorem for continuous periodic signal.

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16 Mark questions

5.1. x( n ) ! 3e j 7Tn 4.5 ! 0. 6. the classification of continuous time signals. x(t ) ! u (t ) u (t 10) 2 3 9e f. x( n ) ! 3 cos(5n ) . T a. the classification of discrete time signals. ± . x(t ) ! 3 cos(17Tt ) u (t ) 3 d. x(t ) ! 3 cos(5t ) 6 T T b. x( n ) ! 3 cos(5Tn ) 12 sin( ) 3 cos( ) 6 8 4 3 c. T 1 t T ± 2 ° 2. Test whether the following signals are periodic or not and if the signal is Periodic calculate the fundamental period. Describe through examples. Test whether the following signals are periodic or not and if the signal is Periodic calculate the fundamental period. Given x(n) and y (n) x(1) ! 2 x( n) ! 1 0e n e 5 x(6) ! 0. defined over one period x(t ) ! ¯ 0. x(t ) ! 3 cos(17Tt ) 2 sin(19Tt ) 3 3 T c. for other ' n ' y (n) ! 2u (n) Plot: ¨ n¸ ¨n¸ (i ) x© ¹ (ii) x(n) y© ¹ ª 2º ª2º ¨n¸ (iii ) Even part of x (n) (iv) x(n) y © ¹H (n 1) ª2º . Determine the Fourier series representation of a periodic square wave and ® t T1 1. 6 T Tn Tn T b. T a. x(t ) ! 12e 3. x(n) ! 3u (n 2) 2r (n 4) T j ( 4t ) T j ( 3Tt ) d. Describe through examples.

7. Determine the power and RMS value of the signals T (i ) x ( n ) ! 5 cos(5 n ) 4 ¨1¸ (ii ) x ( n ) ! © ¹ u ( n ) ª 3º (iii ) x ( n) ! e T ¸ ¨T j© n ¹ 8º ª2 (iv ) x ( n) ! u (n ) u ( n 10) (v) x(t ) ! r (t ) r (t 2) 10.1. 3a (ii) x(t ) ! sin t sin 2 t 2 sin 2 t cos t b) Determine the power and RMS value of the signals T T (i ) x (t ) ! 5 cos(50t ) 16 sin(100t ) 4 3 (ii ) x (t ) ! 10 cos 5t cos10t. 1. Find the exponential Fourier series for the full wave rectifier. Determine the energy of the signals T (i ) x ( n ) ! 5 cos(5 n ) 4 ¨1¸ (ii ) x ( n ) ! © ¹ u ( n ) ª 3º (iii ) x ( n) ! e T ¸ ¨T j© n ¹ 8º ª2 (iv ) x ( n) ! u (n ) u ( n 10) (v) x(t ) ! r (t ) r (t 2) 11. t 0 9. Find the exponential Fourier series for the half wave rectifier. n n . a)Find the odd even and odd components of the signal (i) x(n) ! _ 2. (iii ) x (t ) ! e j. 12. Find the fourier series for the square wave of amplitude A . 2. 8.

2.1 for 2 t 2 13. 16. 1. 17. 2.1t 5 t 15.1¾ x(n ) ! ¯ ¿ and y (n ) ! ¯ ¿ o o ° À ° À Plot (i ) x (2n) (ii ) x (3n 1) (v ) x ( n ) y ( n ) (iii) y (1 n) (iv) x(n 2) y (n 2) 15. 1. 3¾ 1.1. 1. ª 2 º ª 4 º b) Determine the Fourier series representation of the signal x(t ) ! t 2 1 t 1 . b) Explain the concept of time scaling and time shifting with an example for each. ¤ ¢ ¢ ¡ £ . Let x(n) and y (n) be as given below 3. 1 1. a) Find the exponential Fourier series for the saw tooth wave function. a) Find the Fourier series representation and sketch the amplitude and phase ¨ nT ¸ ¨ nT ¸ spectrum for the signal x(n) ! 5 sin © ¹ cos© ¹.1. a) Find State and prove the Parsevel¶s relation for energy signal. 1. 0. b) Find the complex exponential Fourier series expansion of x(t ) ! e 0. 0. a)Given x(t ) ! ¯ 0 otherwise ° Plot the following signals ¨ t¸ (i ) x (2t ) (ii ) x (t 3) (iii ) x© ¹ (iv ) x (2t 1) ª 2º b) Find the complex exponential Fourier series coefficients of the signal x(t ) ! sin 3Tt 2 cos 4Tt 14.

Find the final value x(g). p2=-1-j and a zero at s=0. 15. Given the differential equation y (t ) ! x (t ) . Define Linear Time Invariant system. 12. Find the Fourier transform of H (t 2) . 3. 5. State the conditions for causality and stability of system with impulse response h(n). Find the S. Given the differential equation dt 18. 2. given that X ( s ) ! . if the poles are located at p1=-1+j. What is the Fourier transform of the signal x(t ) ! 1 ? dy (t ) 14. Find transfer function.Unit-II Analysis of Continuous Time signals and systems Two mark questions 1. 8. Write the formula of convolution integral. Find the Laplace transform of e at u (t ) . Find the Laplace transform of u (t 2) . Find the convolution of x(t ) ! t u (t ) and h(t ) ! u (t ) . State the properties of convolution integral .domain T-F. 19. What is convolution integral? dy (t ) 6 y (t ) ! x (t ) . Find the frequency response of dt the system . 7. Test whether the system y (n) ! exp( x(n)) is linear or not.5. Determine the inverse Fourier transform of X ( j[ ) ! H ([ ) 11. s5 9. 13. 16. 17. 6. Define transfer function. Find the Fourier transform of H . s3 10. State the time shifting property of Laplace transform . 4.

t . 26. 23. Write the condition to be satisfied for the existence of Fourier transform of aperiodic energy signal. 20. Write the necessary and sufficient condition for a square ± integral function A(W ) u 0 to be the Fourier spectrum of a causal function. 21. How Laplace Transform will help in the analysis of continuous time LTI systems? s5 . 24. Check whether the system classified by y (t ) ! e x (t ) is time. List out any four properties of laplace transform used in signal analysis. 27. Find the Laplace transform of an unit step function.invariant or not. Find the inverse Fourier transform of x([ ) ! 2TH . 22. Find the initial and final values for X ( s ) ! 2 s 3s 2 25.

28. Determine whether the system described by the following input-output relationship is linear and causal y (t ) ! x(t ). Define Fourier transform pair for the continuous time signal.[ . 29. .

a) Find the Laplace transform of (i ) e Et u (t 1) (ii ) H (t ) t 2 u (t ) . d 2 y (t ) dy (t ) 2 y (t ) ! x(t ) determine the step response. What are the differences between Fourier series and Fourier transform. 31. Consider the continuous ±time LTI system initially at rest and described by the differential equation. 33. 9. 43. 40. A signal x(t ) ! cos 2Tt is passed through a device whose input. 41. 32. State the linearity property of Laplace transform. State modulation property of Fourier transform. State the convolution property of Laplace transform. 37. Define poles and zeros of a transfer function. Given x(t ) ! e 2t u (t ) and h(t ) ! e 3t u (t ) using the properties of continuous time Fourier transform . What is the relationship between Fourier transform and Laplace transform. What is the condition for stability of a system . 44. What is the Laplace transform of e at sin [t u (t ) . 4. . 3. 5. 42. State and prove any five properties of Laplace transform. State the time shifting property of Laplace transform. What is the condition for convergence of the Laplace transform? 16 Mark questions : 1. 46. State an prove any Five properties of Fourier transform. dt 2 dt 7. 38.30. Find the Laplace transform of x(t ) ! te at u (t ) . What is the condition for existence of Fourier transform of a signal . 6. What is the relation ship between input and output an LTI system? 36. State initial value and final value theorem . find the response y (t ) . Check whether the system having input-output relation y (t ) ! ´ gg x(X ) dX is linear time invariant or not . Explain classification of system with examples. 47. 34.output is related by y (t ) ! x 2 (t ) . Define system. 35. What are the frequency components in the output. b) Explain periodic signal contribution of Fourier transform. 45. State the frequency shifting property of Fourier transform. 2. 39. Given x(t ) ! e 2t u (t ) and h(t ) ! u (t 1) convolve and find the response y (t ) . a) Explain Rayleigh energy theorem. 8. c)Bring the equivalence between Laplace transform and Fourier transform . If x(t ) ! e 2t u (t ) and h(t ) ! e 4t u (t ) determine y (t ) ! x(t ) * h(t ) by time domain and frequency domain method. 48. State Convolution property of Fourier transform. b) Discuss the condition on stability of an LTI system based on Laplace domain representation.

14. t . (i) Find whether the system with the impulse response h(t ) ! BIBO stable. a) Find the Laplace transform of the signal x(t ) !e at u (t ) and hence find for x1 (t ) !e a (t 1) u (t 1) b) State and prove the convolution property of Laplace transform. b) Find the Fourier transform of transform x(t ) ! e at 11.10. Also plot y (t ) Vs. a) Consider an LTI system with the differential equation. b) Prove that convolution is commutative. dx (t ) d 2 y (t ) dy (t ) 4 3 y (t ) ! 2 x (t ) . 12. g (ii) For the sampling signal H s (t ) ! § H . 1 RC e u (t ) is RC t 15.Find the frequency response and the 2 dt dt dt impulse response. a) Find the Fourier transform aspects related to continuous time Fourier transform. a) state and prove Parsevel¶s relation for energy signals. 13. b) Find the Laplace transform of u (t ) u (t a) wher a>0. Find y (t ) ! x (t ) * h(t ) by graphical method: Given x(t ) and h(t ) as.

a) Use the initial value theorem to find the initial value of the signal s 1 corresponding to the Laplace transform Y (s ) ! . 16. 2 s 3 8s 2 11s 3 .t nTs . use the Fourier transform to g find its spectrum. Verify using s ( s 2) Inverse Laplace transform. b) Find the inverse Laplace transform of X ( s ) ! ( s 2) ( s 1) 3 .

17. b) A system has the frequency response ® f 5 . a) Find the impulse response of a system characterized by the differential « d 2 y (t ) » equation X 0 ¬ ¼ y (t ) ! x(t ) . f 5 1 . g t g where x(t ) is the input and dt 2 ½ y (t ) is the output and y (0) ! y (0) ! 0 .

H ( f ) ! 0.

f 5 ! ¯ elsewhere 0 ° Find the output signal . y 0 ! . Solve 2 dt dt dt 9 dy (0 ) ! 5 if the input is e 3t u (t ) . 4 dt . given x(T ) ! 3 cos(4Tt ) 4 cos(6Tt ). dx (t ) d 2 y (t ) dy (t ) 4 4 y (t ) ! x(t ) if the initial conditions are 18.

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13. 21. State Time reversal property of Z-transform. 31. 3. 1 28. 2. Find the Z transform of H (n 1) . What is the transfer function of a zero order hold? 5. 7a. 17. 15. 20. What are the different methods of evaluating inverse Z-transform? 26. 2 ¾ x(n ) ! ¯ ¿. Determine the nyquist sampling rate and Nyquist sampling intervals for the following signal x(t ) ! 0. 10.0 n 10 . Define Nyquist rate. What is the Z-transform of a n u (n) and a n u ( n 1) . Find the Z-transform and its ROC for the signal 1.Unit-III Sampling Theorem and z-Transforms Two mark questions 1. Find the Z-transform of the following signal x(n) ! H (n). State Parseval¶s relation for Z-transform. 18. 23. Find the z-transform for x( n) ! a n1 u ( n 1) . 27. 8. 30. 3. Define a bandwidth of a discrete time signal 32. What is the minimum number of samplres per second that must be taken to ensure recovery? 7. 29. 22. x( n) ! ¯ 0 ° . State Linearity property of Z-transform. Define Z-transform. 9. Find the z-transform for x( n) ! a n u ( n ) . otherwise 11. What is meant by aliasing ? How can it be avoided? 1 . State sampling Theorem . Find the Z ± transform of x(n) ! u (n) u (n 2). Find the z-transform for x( n) ! a n sin [ 0 nu ( n) . Find the Z-transform of the data sequence . Find the z-transform for x( n) ! b n cos [ 0 nu (n) . What is the relationship between z-transform and DTFT ? 25. In what way the Ztransforms of these two functions are different? ¦ § . State time shifting property of Z-transform. What is ROC? 16.5 sin c 2 ( 200Tt ) . Find Z-transform of the following sequences x(n) ! _. List any two properties of Z-transform. State Initial and Final value theorem for Z-transform. 2. 3. What is the Z-transform of the sequence x(n) ! nu (n) ? 24. 19. 2. 6. State any two properties of ROC for the Z-transform. o ° À 12. What is the mathematical expression for the convolution property of Z-transform? 14. What is an anti-aliasing filter? 4. A signal having a spectrum ranging from dc to 10kHz is to be sampled and converted to discrete form.

State sampling theorem. 6. Determine the : (1) Nyquist rate for this signal. 2. Prove sampling theorem with necessary relations explain how original signal can be recovered from its sampled version. 3. b) Using residue method . 5. z "2 X ( z) ! 1 3 z 1 2 z 2 7. then what is the discrete time signal obtained after sampling. az . ¨2¸ ¨ 1¸ b) Determine the Z-transform for the signal x( n) ! © ¹ u ( n) © ¹ u ( n ) and ª3º ª 2º plot the ROC and pole ±zero locations of X (z ) . find the inverse Z-transform for 1 3 z 1 . x 1 and by differentiating X (z ) and then i !1 i using this to recover x(n) . determine the inverse transform for X ( z ) ! _ 1 (1 az 1 ) 2 a z " a . 4.16 Mark Questions 1. a) Consider a signal x(t ) ! cos 2000Tt 10 sin 10000Tt 20 cos 5000Tt .transform. a) Briefly explain the relationship between Z transform and fourier transform . b)Using differentiation property . a) State and prove Initial value theorem of Z-transform. b) Find the inverse Z transform of X ( z ) ! (1 az ) ( z a ) n n n n . Also explain how reconstruction of original signal is done from the sampled signal. ª2º ª2º z2 . a) What is meant by ROC of Z-transform ? Explain its siginificances. z by using the 2 g xi power series log(1 x) ! § . 1 b) Determine the inverse Z transform of X ( z ) ! log(1 2 z ). b) Determine the z-transform of the signal x( n ) ! na n u ( n) and hence determine ztransform of the unit ramp signal n u (n) . a)State and prove the time shifting and differentiation im frequency properties of Z. State and prove any five properties of Z-transform. c) What is meant by aliasing and how it can be avoided? 8. a) Find the Z-transform of x( n ) ! © ¹ u ( n) © ¹ u ( n ) . (2) If the sampling rate id 5000 samples/sec. ¨1¸ ¨1¸ 9.

¨ Ideal Sampler (z) ! 1 1 0. 1 . a) Consider a signal Processing system shown Ideal Interpolator ya(t) xa(t) x(t) (1) Determine the output ya(t) for the input xa (t ) ! cos 2TF0 t . z " a .10. x(n) ! H (n) H (n 1) H (n 3) .5 z 1 y(t) . (2) Find two other input signals xa (t ) that produce the same output y a (t ) As in part (1). (3) Repeat parts (1) and (2) if F0 =125 Hz. b) Given X ( z ) ! 1 az 1 12. a) Find the Z-transform of . Find x(n) by long division method . 11. where F0 = 50 Hz.

5 x (n 1) . Consider an input x(n) and unit sample response h(n) given by. A casual system is represented by the following difference equation y (n) y (n 1) ! x(n) 0. List out the different ways of interconnecting any two systems .Unit-IV Discrete Time Systems Two marks Questions 1. 15. © . State the properties of convolution sum. 16. 3.5 y (n 1) ! x (n) 0. 24. Find the Z-transform of x(n) ! u (n) u (n 10) . 5. Given the difference equation y (n) y (n 1) ! x (n) 0. Write the condition for the LTI system to be casual and stable. A casual system is represented by the following difference equation y (n) y (n 2) ! x(n) 0. 2. 7. Prove that for the casual LTI system the impulse response h(n) ! 0 . x( n) ! E n u ( n) and h(n) ! u (n) . A casual system is represented by the following difference equation y (n) 0. 29.Find the Frequency response H (e j[ ) . State the linearity property of DTFT. Define frequency response of a discrete-time system. Define system function. 18. Find the transfer function (z ) of the system . 28. What are the properties of frequency response H (e j[ ) of an LTI system? 25.Find the Frequency response H (e j[ ) 26. Find the DTFT of the following x(n) ! u (n) . If X ( e j[ ) is the fourier transform of x(n) . Find y (n) ! x (n) * h(n) . Write DTFT pair. State frequency shifting property of DTFT. What is mathematical expression for the convolution propertyof z-transform? 11.5 x (n 1) . 6. State the periodicity property of DTFT. find the Fourier transform of x * ( n ) In terms of X ( e j[ ) . 23. 4. A casual system is represented by the following difference equation y (n) y (n 1) ! x(n) 0. 9. 27. 17. Find the DTFT of the following x(n) ! H (n) . State the properties needed for interconnecting any two LTI systems. State time shifting property of DTFT. 21. Find the DTFT of the following x( n ) ! a n u ( n) . How Z-transform will help in the analysis of discrete time LTI systems? 12.Find the system transfer function.33 x(n 1) . 22.Find the Frequency response H (e j[ ) .5 x(n 2) . 14.5 x(n 2) . 10. 13. Difference between natural response and forced response . What is the sufficient condition for the existence of DTFT? 19. for n< 0. 8. What is the property of Fourier spectrum of a discrete-time aperiodic sequence? 20.

Find the system function of y (n) 2 y (n 1) 8 y (n 2) ! x(n 1) .5) ( z 0.3a. ( z 0. Find the DTFT for the following sequence X ( z ) ! . Distinguish between IIR and FIR systems 34. ( z 0. 1 42.8 .5) ( z 0. 33. Find the system function of y (n) 2 y (n 1) 3 y (n 2) ! x (n) x(n 1) . What is the response of an LTI system with impulse response h(n) ! H (n) 2H (n 1) for the input x(n) ! _. 35. 38. Find the frequency response of y (n) 2 y (n 1) 3 y (n 2) ! x (n) x(n 1) .30.2) ( z 0. Find the DTFT for the following sequence X ( z ) ! 2 ( z 0.7) 36.7) 31.Find the Frequency response H (e j [ ) . Find the system function of y (n) 2 y (n 1) 3 y (n 2) ! x (n) 6 x (n 3) . 40. Find the DTFT for the following sequence X ( z ) ! ( z 0.7) z .2. Find the system function of y (n) 2 y (n 1) 3 y (n 3) ! x (n) x(n 1) . Find the DTFT for the following sequence X ( z ) ! ( z 1.5) ( z 0.7) z 0.7) z . 41. 32. z . 39. A casual system is represented by the following difference equation y (n) 2 y (n 1) 6 y (n 2) ! x(n) 3 x(n 1) . 37.5 z 0. Find the DTFT for the following sequence X ( z ) ! z2 .

n n . 6. n u 0 and n even otherwise n ¨1¸ 4.75 y (n 1) 0. 5. 1 1 3. n<0. 2. 2. b) Prove that order of convolution is unimportant. Compute the convolution of two sequences shown: h(n) x(n) 2 1 -3 -2 -1 1 2 3 n 3. ª2º 1 z 1 2 the Z transform of the output of the system is Y ( z ) ! . ª 3º ª2º b) Determine the impulse response and frequency response of the system described by the difference equation. that is x1 (n) * x2 (n) ! x2 (n) * x1 (n) . The input to a casual linear time invariant system is x( n ) ! u ( n 1) © ¹ u ( n) . a) Explain the properties of an LTI system . !0. Also give the illustration. Convolve x( n) ! E n u ( n) 0 E 1 h( n ) ! u ( n ) 2. a) Convolve the following two sequences linearly and circularly x(n) and h(n) get y (n) . 3a.1.1. 1a and h(n) ! _. (1 0. the Z transform of the impulse response and also determine the output y (n) . Determine y (n) when x(n) = H (n) and y (n) =0.5 z 1 ) (1 z 1 ) Determine H (z ) . x(n) ! _. a) Consider the following linear constant coefficient difference equation . y (n) 0. a) Use Fourier transform to find the output of the system whose impulse response. b) Determine the range values of the parameter µ x ¶ for which the linear time invariant system with impulse response h(n) is stable h( n ) ! a n .125 y (n 2) ! 2 x (n 1). ¨1¸ ¨1¸ h( n ) ! © ¹ u ( n) and the input to the system is x( n ) ! © ¹ u ( n ) .16 Mark Questions 1.

Determine (1) Frequency response of the system .16 y (n 2) ! x (n) . Is the system is stable? 10. b) Determine h2 (n) for the system shown in figure n h1 ( n ) ! (1 / 3) n u ( n ) H (e j[ ) ! x(n) h2 (n) ! ? 12 5e j[ 12 7e j[ e j 2[ 9.25 y (n 1) ! x (n) 0. Using Z-transform .7 y (n 1) 0. y ( n ) y ( n 1) o. Solve the following difference equation using Z-transform and for the specified initial conditions. ¨1¸ where x ( n) ! 2© ¹ . Use Z-transform to determine the ª2º (1) System function (2) Unit samp0le response of the system (3) Frequency response of the system b) Determine the convolution of the signals x(n) ! cos(Tn) u (n) and ¨1¸ h( n ) ! © ¹ u ( n) ª2º 8.12 y (n 2) x(n 1) x(n 2) to the input x(n) ! nu (n).33 y (n 2) ! x (n 1) .7 y (n 1) 0. (2) Impulse response of the system. a) The system id described by y (n) 0.5 x (n 1) . n u 0 n . A casual system is represented by the following difference equation y (n) 0. y ( 1) ! 2 and y ( 2) ! 4 ª8º 12.y (n) 0. 7. compute the response of the system y (n) ! 0.33 y (n 1) 0.25 y (n 1) ! x (n) © ¹ x(n 1). compute the response of the system y (n) ! 0.25 y ( n 2) ! x( n ). Using Z-transform .7 y (n 1) 0. Is the system is stable? 11.12 y (n 2) x(n 1) x(n 2) to the input x(n) ! u (n). a)A casual system is represented by the difference equation ¨1¸ y (n) 0.

1) Find the system function H (z ) and obtain the corresponding ROC 2) Find the unit sample response of the system 3) Find the frequency response and determine its magnitude and phase plot. .

Define FIR.7 x (n) 0. H(z) having M zeros And N poles in direct form I and direct form II realizations ? 3. draw direct form realization of this system. Draw the block diagram for the following system y (n) y (n 1) ! x(n) 0. Realize the system given by difference equation y (n) 0.252 x (n 2) in cascade form.7 x (n) 0.Unit-V Systems with Finite and Infinite duration Impulse response Two mark questions 1. Draw the general block diagrams of the Direct form II structure. Draw the general block diagrams of the cascade structure. Realize the following system y (n) ! 3 y (n 1) x (n) 2 x (n 2) in direct form II method . Draw the general block diagrams of the Parallel structure. 4. 9. Draw the general block diagrams of the Direct form I structure.1y (n 1) 0. Diffrence between FIR and IIR. multiplications and memory locations are required to realize a IIR system with transfer function . Realize the following system y (n) ! 3 y (n 1) x(n) 2 x(n 1) in direct form II method .1y (n 1) 0. 14. Bring out the difference between recursive and non-recursive systems. Realize the system given by difference equation y (n) 0. Define IIR. What is meant by canonic structure? 7. 10.72 y (n 2) ! 0. Realize the following system y (n) ! 2 y (n 1) x(n) 2 x(n 1) in direct form I method . 18. 12. 15. How many number of additions . 16. 5.72 y (n 2) ! 0. 8. . Draw the block diagram for the following system y (n) y (n 1) ! x(n) 0. 6. 2. 11.3x (n 2) . 13.252 x (n 2) in direct form II. 20. The unit sample response of an FIR filter is h( n ) ! E n {u ( n) u ( n 2)} . Distinguish between IIR and FIR systems. Draw the general block diagrams of the transpose structure. 19.3x (n 2) . 17.

b) Explain the transposed IIR structure with an example.9 z 2 ) (1 0. c) Draw the basic structure for a linear phase realization of FIR filter when N is odd and when is even . 3.25 y (n 2) x (n) x(n 1) .125 y (n 2) ! x(n) 0. a) Give the summary of elementary blocks used to represent discrete time systems.404.88.75 y (n 1) 0.5 x(n 1) Draw direct form ±I and direct form-II structures.88. direct form II and parallel realizations of the system 1 0.2 z 1 0. 2. (s 1) ( s 3) ( s 4) 5. 0. Function H ( z ) ! (1 0. b) Realize the following differential equation as a direct form II structure d 2 x (t ) dx (t ) d 3 y (t ) d 2 y (t ) dy (t ) 4 7 8 y (t ) ! 5 4 7 x (t ) .16 mark questions 1.5 z 2 ) 6. 7.Determine the unit sample response of this cascade connection . a) Determine the transposed structure for the system given by difference equation y (n) ! 0. a) Obtain the parallel structure realization of the system described by the difference equation y (n) (13 / 12) y (n 1) (9 / 24) y (n 2) (1 / 24) y (n 3) ! x(n) 2 x(n 1) .7 z 1 ) 2. Obtain the direct form I. Two discrete time LTI systems are connected in cascade as shown in the figure.5.875 z 1 . a) Obtain the transversal structure and linear phase realization structures for the filter given by h(n) ! _ . s ( s 2) b) Realize H ( s ) ! in cascade form .5 y (n 1) 0. 3 2 2 dt dt dt dt dt 4. Draw the block diagram representation in Direct Form I and Direct form II for the following system z 1 3 z 2 H ( z) ! (10 z 1 )(1 0.5 z 1 0. 2.5a 0 . b) A difference equation of a discrete time system is given below: y (n) 0. Unit sample response of overall system =h(n) y(n) x(n) ¨1¸ h1 ( n ) ! © ¹ u ( n ) ª2º n ¨1¸ h2 ( n) ! © ¹ u ( n ) ª 4º n . 3.

9.9 z 2 )(1 0. Find a transposed direct form I and direct form II realization for the system described by the difference equation y (n) ! 0.33x (n 1) .75 y (n 1) 0.Consider the casual linear shift invariant filter with system function 1 0. The system function of a discrete time system is (1 z 1 ) 4 .75 z 2 ) second order system in direct form ±I and direct form II.72 y (n 2) x(n) 0. 10. .875 z 1 H ( z) ! . Draw the following realization structures of (1 0. (i) Direct form II (ii) a parallel form connection of first and second order systems realized in direct form II .8.2 z 1 0.7 z 1 ) the system .9 z 2 )(1 z 1 0.Realize this system using a cascade of H ( z) ! (1 z 1 0.

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