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Vocabulary on Health and Food

Vocabulary on Health and Food

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Published by: javier_adan82 on Nov 09, 2010
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08/06/2013

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VOCABULARY # 1 ON HEALTH AND FOOD

For other parts of the body we use pain. Eg. A pain in my chest – dolor en el pecho Hurt – doler Injure – herir Painful – doloroso Painless – indoloro

Common problems Sneezing – estornudos Cough – tos To have a sore throat – tener dolor de garganta To have a temperature – tener fiebre To have a cold – estar resfriado To have flu – tener gripe To feel faint – marearse To be allergic – Ser alérgico Symptoms – síntomas To feel sick – estar enfermo Rash – erupción To have a hangover – tener resaca Allergic reaction – reacción alérgica Illness – enfermedad To be pregnant – estar embarazada Prescription – receta médica Chemist – farmacia

Serious illnesses (enfermedades serias) Lung cancer – cancer de pulmón Heart attack – ataque cardiaco Heart failure – paro cardiaco Breathing problems – problemas respiratorios Asthma – asma Depression – depression Constipation - estreñimiento

Common injuries (Heridas/lesiones comunes) Injuries – heridas / lesiones

Aches and pains (Dolores) Tootache – dolor de muelas Stomach-ache – dolor de estómago Backache – dolor de espalda Earache – dolor de oidos Headache – dolor de cabeza

Wound – herida (provocada por armas) Twist the ankle – torcerse el tobillo Break an arm/leg.. – romperse un brazo / pierna… To have a concussion – sufrir una conmoción Sprain - esguince

Lump – hinchazón / bulto Spots – granos Indigestion - indigestión Burn a hand – quemarse una mano To have a bruise – hacerse una magulladura/moratón To bleed – sangrar To swell – hincharse To throw up – vomitar To faint - desmayarse

Eating disorders and related problems – desórdenes alimenticios Anorexia – anorexia Bulimia – bulimia Overweight – sobrepeso Cholesterol – colesterol

Food-related terms To go on a diet – ponerse a dieta To get fit – ponerse en forma

Solutions Plaster – escayola Bandage – venda Sling – cabestrillo Rest – descansar Especial cream – pomada Blisters – ampollas Injections – inyecciones Band aid – tirita Check – up – reconocimiento Drugs – medicamentos Operation – operación Pain-killer – analgésico Pill – pastilla Treatment – tratamiento To cure - curar

Vitamin – vitamina Protein – protein Calcium - calcio To consist of – consistir en Fast-food – comida rápida Junk food – comida basura Flavour – sabor Spicy – picante Salty – salado Sweet – dulce Bitter – amargo Meal – comida (desayuno, almuerzo, cena) Improve – mejorar To lose weigh – adelgazar To gain weigh – engordar Healthy – saludable Unhealthy – no saludable

Advantageous – ventajoso Disadvantageous - desventajoso Nutritious – nutritiv@

Balanced diet – dieta equilibrada Dietician – dietista To lose the appetite – perder el apetito

Food condition fatening = que engorda fresh = fresco frozen = congelado home-made = hecha en casa (comida) off = malo low-fat = bajo en grasas past its sell-by date = caducado raw = crudo ripe = maduro rotten = podrido tough = duro (meat) undercooked = medio crudo unripe = verde overcooked = demasido cocido

specialist = especialista surgeon = cirujano

Places hospital = hospital operating theatre = quirófano surgery = cirujía waiting room = sala de espera ward = sala, pabellón

VERBS bake =cocer (al horno) boíl = hervir cook = cocinar, guisar fry = freir

People dentist = dentista doctor = médico family doctor = médico de cabecera general practitioner = medico de medicina general midwife = matrona nurse = enfermera patient = paciente

grill = asar a la parrilla heat up = calentar, recalentar microwave = cocinar /calentar en micro poach = escalfar, hervir (fish) roast =asar steam = cocer al vapor stew = estofar, guisar buffet = buffet

four-course meal = picnic = picnic snack - tentempié

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