Electrical Measurements (9032

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Experiment No. 4

EXPERIMENT NO. 4
(Experiment No. 4 and Experiment No. 15 shall be completed in one practical turn of two hours.)

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TITLE :
To understand the use of Dynamometer type Instrument for measurement of power by using simple electrical circuit.

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PRIOR CONCEPTS:
• • • Power in Electrical Circuit. Force on a conductor F = B x i x l , Where i is instantaneous current. Deflecting torque, controlling torque & damping torque.

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NEW CONCEPTS
Proposition 1 : In dynamometer type instrument deflecting torque is produced by magnetic effect of electric current. Control torque is provided by control springs. Damping torque is provided by Air Friction damping. Proposition 2 : In a dynamometer type wattmeter the fixed coil (current coil) is connected in series with the load. This coil is divided in to two parts and they are kept parallel to each other. The coil is thick in cross section and has less number of turns. The moving coil (pressure coil) is connected across the load. It is thin in cross - section and has hundreds of turns. It has a non - inductive high resistance in series with it. Concept Structure 2 :

Fig. (1) Dynamometer type Instrument

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

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4.Electrical Measurements (9032) Experiment No. • To understand working of dynamometer type instruments. current through the current coil (I) and cosine of the angle between V & I.0 LEARNING OBJECTIVES: Intellectual Skills: • To understand the principle of dynamometer type instruments. • To identify and list the parts of dynamometer type instruments. Concept Structure 3 : 4. 28 o MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION . • Ability to handle dynamometer type instruments.2 Wattmeter connections. Motor Skills • Ability to draw the diagram of dynamometer type instruments. Proposition 3 : Reading of wattmeter is given by multiplication of voltage across pressure coil (V). 4 F.fixed coils M = moving coil R = High resistance Fig. F .

Lamp load 7. the rating should be taken into account while finding out multiplying factor of wattmeter.300V Wattmeter . C. Voltmeter .10A A. join B1 B2 together. Some wattmeter's are designed for lower p. Power factor rating of wattmeter : Wattmeter are normally designed for unity p. lower range for current is obtained. MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION o 29 . For low current range i. 625 Watts. For high current range i. By providing series resistance of different values the voltage range of wattmeter can be extended. rating is not marked on the meter. This improves precision & reduces error.e. 300Volts. 4 5.Electrical Measurements (9032) Experiment No. rating is marked on the meter. f.e. When the two parts of fixed coil are connected in series. rating. f.0 STEPWISE PROCEDURE : Extension of range of wattmeter. In such case p. When they are connected in parallel the current range of wattmeter gets extended. (0-10A).5A/10A. The p. rating. join B1 E2 and B2 E1 together. f. f.0 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM : 6.0 EQUIPMENT'S : • • • • A. Ammeter . (0-5A). C.

Electrical Measurements (9032) Experiment No. low voltage circuit. When M & C are shorted Wattmeter Reading = (power consumed by load) + (Power consumed by current coil) This connection is used for low current. 30 o MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION . Wattmeter Reading = (power consumed by load) + (power consumed by pressure coil) This connection is used for high current. 4 Multiplying factor of wattmeter : As two different ranges of voltage and current are available for wattmeter to calculate actual power multiplying factor should be used. by selecting a proper connection the connection error can be reduced. When L & C are shorted. Error in wattmeter due to its connection : a. b. high voltage circuit.

Switch on the supply and take three readings for same current as above. 8. 9. circuits. So compensating winding is used. pivot. error due to connection is not negligible. Compensating winding is a winding connected in series with pressure coil.0 OBSERVATIONS : Readings for measurement of power 10.section. Switch on the supply take three readings by adjusting suitable current.0 STEPWISE PROCEDURE : • • • • • • • • Open the given wattmeter and observe current coil. such a wattmeter is called as compensated wattmeter. damping system. Set the wattmeter to low current range. It has same number of turns as that of current coil. 4 Compensated Wattmeter : While measuring power in low p. Show the connections of current coils for different ranges of current.0 CALCULATIONS :. Connect the wattmeter in simple electrical (resistive) circuit. MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION o 31 . controlling system. but has small cross .Electrical Measurements (9032) Experiment No. magnetic shield etc. pressure coil.f. Switch off the supply. Switch off the supply set the wattmeter to high current range.

D. b. f.) 5. C. circuits. The reading was 750Watts. Label all parts in the diagram. type wattmeter terminals of…………. Coils. 2. f. 1500Watts F. and 600V. 300V.S. List the materials used for the following parts of wattmeter a. 400V. 150V. What are the errors that may occur in the dynamometer type instrument? 8. control springs. pivot. (Fill in the blanks & complete it. State true or false. vane used in air fiction damping. 10. spindle. d. Identify the symbols and give the difference between them.. 20A. 4 11. 9.0 QUESTIONS : Write answers to Q…Q…Q… (Question numbers to be allotted by the teacher) 1. for these combination. Wattmeter's are not used for measuring power in D. Draw a neat diagram showing constructional details to approximate scale of each part you have observed. 4.L and terminals of pressure coil are marked as ………. 3. The full scale deflection is 1500W. What are low p. Open a dynamometer type wattmeter. Give reasons. c. One wattmeter is rated for 10A.. F. What is the power consumed by load? 6. Calculate M. 11. resistance connected in series with pressure coil. wattmeter? Why are they used? 7. coil are marked as M . e.Electrical Measurements (9032) Experiment No. In ………………. Why does a dynamometer type instrument requires a magnetic shield? (Space for answers) 32 o MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION . In a circuit power is measured with a wattmeter with 15A.

4 (Space for answer) Signature of Teacher MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION o 33 .Electrical Measurements (9032) Experiment No.