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OBSERVER RESEARCH FOUNDATION
OBSERVER RESEARCH FOUNDATION (ORF) is an endeavour to aid and inﬂuence formulation of policies for building a strong and prosperous India. The expectations of the global community from India are immense as the country is poised to play a leading role in the knowledge age. The Foundation believes that by 2020, India will be one of the world’s great economic powers and contribute to a signiﬁcant transformation in the quality of life of humanity. ORF complements ofﬁcial initiatives by exploring policy alternatives. It provides informed and valuable inputs for decision-makers in the government, civil society and business leadership of India. ORF’s expertise and resources are dedicated to nation-building and international cooperation. ORF pursues its goals through in-depth research and stimulating discussion. Observer Research Foundation seeks the active cooperation from those who share this vision in a spirit of genuine partnership. Building Partnerships for a Global India is our motto.
message from ORF trustees ........................................ 2 excerpts from Founder Chairman’s Speeches ............. 3 Staff Remembers Founder Chairman ........................... 5 Overview ....................................................................... 8 Studies and initiatives ................................................. 11 events Calendar ......................................................... 36 major events ............................................................... 42 publications ................................................................ 52 ORF in the media ....................................................... 58 visitors ........................................................................ 60 ORF Faculty proﬁles ................................................... 62 Resources and institutional information ..................... 64
Bharat Goenka. but what we wish to achieve. he also believed that the corporate leadership in this country had a role to play in public policy formulation and saw OrF as a facilitator in this process. Trustee. he worked untiringly towards this goal. driving his colleagues in OrF to strive for excellence. it was one of our Founder-Chairman’s cherished dreams to see all the four areas flowering and we are happy to note that during 2008-2009. shri Mishra founded OrF with a vision of establishing it as a world-class institution and a premier public policy think tank of india. and we must continuously raise the bar. Politics and Governance. in conclusion. ORF (1932 . Till the very last. “recently.20 Years TribuTe ‘His vision will Guide us’ A Message from ORF Trustees R. the Board of Trustees of OrF and the entire faculty. Founder Chairman.K. he believed that only a high quality of intellectual pursuit coupled with innovative ideas and approaches to address vexing public policy issues would earn the respect of policymakers and academics alike. The research advisory Committee (raC) and the entire senior Faculty of OrF has been seized with this task and we must work with greater thrust and focus as our commitment to the vision of shri Mishra. Defence and security. But i have always believed that what has been achieved lies in the past. Mishra. Observer Research Foundation 2 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . a study done by ‘The Think Tanks and Civil societies Programme’. the other two areas took a while to pick up. There has also been the objective of developing a culture and method of doing inter-disciplinary research for public policy formulation. Philadelphia. this gladdens the heart of everyone who has been involved in building this organization.2009) hri r K Mishra. includes OrF in the list of world’s leading think tanks. Naturally. OrF has made rapid strides in these areas s as well. The idea of the OrF Corporate Council with the participation of business leaders was very dear to him and a small beginning in this direction was made during 2007-2008.” Today. economy and Development. i would only like to quote some remarks made by shri rK Mishra while addressing the first meeting of the research advisory Committee in July 2007. The vision for Observer research Foundation has been to become a public policy think tank with a holistic perspective. While international relations and Defence and security studies have been OrF’s thrust for several years. We need to measure ourselves not by what we have achieved. One of the important tasks that our FounderChairman set for us during the last year was to define a focused inter-disciplinary research agenda for OrF with a three-year operational plan to achieve the objective of coming up with fresh perspectives on public policy concerns that would stimulate discussion and debate among policymakers and other stakeholders and yield new policy initiatives. Founder-Chairman of Observer research Foundation (OrF) passed away in Bangalore on 9 January 2009. staff and other associates of OrF would take this as his last testament and dedicate ourselves to completing the unfinished tasks towards realising our beloved Founder-Chairman’s vision for the Observer research Foundation (OrF). This loss is irreparable for OrF . and resources Management. his death came suddenly. OrF was conceived to be structured around five centres of excellence: international relations. There are a lot of unfinished tasks before us. leaving the OrF fraternity in a state of shock and deep sense of grief.
investment and trade considerations on the other. And from a mere review of the past policies to build capacity for evolving policies for short as well as mid term. are heavily influenced by strategic and security consider- ations on one side and economy. Meshing all these dimensions in policy formulations in a seamless manner is yet to become integral to the culture of policy formulation. Economy and Development. We firmly believe that India will soon join the ranks of major world powers. of natural resources. Mishra “From a small beginning in 1990. Therefore. but 25 years hence. In brief. In addition to building these centres of excellence in their specific areas. We planned to structure ORF around four centres of excellence: Centres of International Relations. Science and Technology have also an important role in evolving policies in several important areas. The world looks at India as an immense market. We look at her as an ocean of talent.BUiLDiNG ParTNershiPs TribuTe ‘tHis Foundation Has Filled tHe vaCuum’ Vision for ORF. and Politics and Governance. ORF aspires to become a catalyst for translating these dreams into reality. economy and international relations. of vibrant culture. A study of how India can meet its energy challenge must take into account the political processes both in the energy producing countries and the energy consuming countries. of knowledge. That ORF has filled the vacuum for a world-class non-governmental Indian think tank is a matter of great satisfaction. we consciously decided to try to build a holistic perspective. it cannot ignore the climate change issues or new technology. Excerpts from Speeches of Mr R. All international relations. Teams can play a central role because they pro- tRiBUte 3 . the challenge in the next phase of ORF’s growth is to move the whole organization and the research activities from individual efforts to team effort. We want ORF to grow as an institution with matching capacity to rise to the challenges posed by this conviction. We have to blend this with politics. At least in ORF we should be able to apply a methodology to achieve this objective. as a reservoir of young men and women with dreams in their eyes and faith in the collective destiny. Defence and Security. In that process. we set the objective of developing a culture and method of doing interdisciplinary research for public policy formulation. fired with an inspiring vision of a great and powerful India. It must be able to look at the energy scene not only of today.K. ORF Annual Report 2006 “At ORF. ORF has grown into a mission. and above all. these days.” —Chairman’s message. no public policy research is likely to produce actionable recommendations unless it has the underpinning of a comprehensive interdisciplinary effort.
Who will do that? It is quite possible that there is a scholar who says I can write but I cannot (talk to policymakers)! That is the process that one has to work on.K. and again.20 Years TribuTe (Left to right) Late Mr. the first thing is to identify what policy we are taking. that is the joy of doing an intellectual work which leaves an impact. our researchers have to be encouraged to form taskforces and work through them. Everyone has also to ask another ques- ‘‘We are a policy think tank. Otherwise. Mishra with former Union Minister Mr. Eventually. Mani Shankar Aiyer (1).’’ —Last Address to ORF Faculty & Staff on 25th September 2008 ‘‘My biggest lesson from ORF in the last 15 years. So. how to do so? Our output must reach policy makers and our work is not complete unless this is done. Manmohan Singh (2) with the Vice President Mr. Everything is interesting. So. they integrate their diverse individual perspectives into a new collective perspective. but we are a policy think tank. It requires such a bonding of mutual trust that people will be able to work together. with the Prime Minister Dr. visits are interesting. which is all right. M. I have not been coming and I am amazed how my colleagues and friends have taken upon themselves the responsibility of running ORF. which has been reinforced during the last two years. A think tank is expected to provide policy inputs. alternatives and response to contemporary challenges. For this. Again.’’ -At RAC meeting on 25th September 2008 4 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 .” —Mr Mishra’s Opening remarks at RAC meeting on 7th July 2008 tion ‘have I made an effort to reach out to policy makers’? If not. how do we make an impact? We have to grapple with all that. Our mandate entails rigorous intellectual work to impact public policy. R. how we impact policy. Ideas carry maximum impact when they are shared broadly rather than held in a few hands. is that an institution like this requires team spirit. seminars are interesting. We wish to build a culture of teamwork in ORF. Team members create new points of view through dialogue and discussion. They pool their information and examine it from various angles. please remember this. all this is an input into our knowledge system but the real research that we are going to do is what policy we are addressing and a project is completed when an effort has been made to impact policy. ORF is a public policy think tank. you can do a threeyear PhD thesis. We have to measure our performance against the twin goals of producing policy options and ensuring that it reaches the policy makers. people come from all over the world to ORF and speak. Last two years have proved that this is the real strength of an organization. Hamid Ansari vide a shared context where individuals can interact with each other and engage in the constant dialogue on which effective reflection depends.
it is largely due to his philosophy of an inter-disciplinary approach towards issues of policy importance that policy alternatives are readily available today to decision-makers at all levels. Mr. Mr. a veteran journalist. Mishra is the soul and spirit of OrF which he founded. its faculty and staff. United states. Jaswant singh. he kept pushing every single researcher to look at issues in a holistic manner. Mr. Mishra had taken it . Mr. atal Bihari Vajpayee. Mr. K. contributed in the various discussions and interactions organised by OrF under his guidance. Chidambaram. india’s relations with Pakistan. r. Mishra conceived and founded OrF as a culmination of his life-long desire for india to gain its due place in the global hierarchy.B. as FounderChairman of OrF Mr. internal security and Naxal threat. Manmohan singh.K. raja. after setting up OrF in 1991 during one of the country’s worst financial crisis and coming up with an agenda of economic reforms. Pranab Mukherjee. Mr. it was the economic crisis. economy.K. Mishra and will always be guided by his sense of vision and commitment. Mr. sitaram Yechury. he began his career as a journalist in Kolkata and worked with Vishwamitra. especially those that create an impact on india. deep insights on a variety of issues.BUiLDiNG ParTNershiPs TribuTe an iRRelaCeaBle loss Staff of ORF Remembers the Late Chairman F Or Observer research Foundation. 1932. Mr. Leaders like Dr. food security. Mumbai. 2009 is the saddest year. leading hindi dailies of those times. HiS pHiLOSOpHy OF AN iNteR-diSCipLiNARy AppROACH tOWARdS iSSUeS OF pOLiCy impORtANCe iS tHe SOLe ReASON WHy pOLiCy ALteRNAtiveS ARe ReAdiLy AvAiLABLe. Mr. he also worked with Navbharat Times and Lokamanya. and others. from our midst. advani. policy makers and scholars in OrF activities is a testimony of the success of his endeavours. he rose rapidly in the tRiBUte 5 . Delhi. a. We lost our Founding Chairman. Mishra was known for his original ideas. policy making. Mr. energy security. and a holistic approach towards life and research. Yashwant sinha. corporate affairs. thinker. L. guided and fondly nurtured. Mr. upon himself to unearth new and young talent. Mr. evidence of his all-encompassing vision is evident in the mark that he has left in areas as varied as politics. india’s first newspaper to be published simultaneously from Kolkata. Mr. Today. Our loss is irrecoverable and the void difficult to fill. Mishra guided OrF to become one of the leading world-renowned think tanks of india. he never hesitated to take up challenges facing the nation – whether He CONCeived ANd FOUNded ORF AS A CULmiNAtiON OF HiS LiFe-LONg deSiRe tO give iNdiA itS dUe pLACe iN tHe gLOBAL HieRARCHy. author and public figure. The participation from the political leadership across party barriers. Jyoti Basu. Mr. P. Kanpur and Patna. D. r. diplomacy and spirituality. OrF owes its every success to the indefatigable energy and spirit of Mr. Born on september 28. Mr. China and other countries. Bardhan. Mishra. Natwar singh and many others. Mr.
a B Vajpayee as Prime Minister. P. russia. as a member of the indian Parliament (Upper house) from 1974 to 1980. Kapil Sibal (10) with Chinese Ambassador to India Mr. Chidambaram (3) with former Union Minister Mr. cultural and social issues. During these visits. Pakistan. During the tenure of Mr. Mr. and China. United states of america. Mishra had travelled widely as a public figure and as a journalist. he was involved in several sensitive assignments. Former Prime Minister P V Narasimha rao had invited him to assist in several important political projects. Thailand. in the 1960s and 1970s. Strobe Talbott (8) with former Prime Minister Mr. Portugal. Lebanon. former Union Minister Murli Manohar Joshi (2) with Dr. Matter. Mr Mishra had worked closely with the late Prime Minister indira Gandhi and accompanied her on several important visits abroad . Atal Bihari Vajpayee.K. David Mulford (7) with former US Deputy Secretary of State Mr. Cuba. L. Yashwant Sinha (6) with former US Ambassador to India Mr. angola. a social activist and political adviser besides being a journalist. Tanzania. United Kingdom. Mishra left Patriot to head the Observer Group of Publications as its Chairman and editor-in-Chief in early 1990. Mr. Greece. and at the age of 27 became the editor of Lokamanya. Natwar Singh (4) with former Deputy Prime Minister of India Mr. he was a Member of National integration Council of Government of india and was instrumental in resolving several contentious issues. Sun Xuin (11) with CPI General Secretary Mr. Poland. after 30 long years of association with this group. Kapil Sibal Mr. (Left top) Late Mr. Vietnam. egypt. The countries he had visited included France.20 Years Messageboard WriTings profession. algeria. Jammu & Kashmir) (Left bottom) with US Senator John Kerry Right page: (1) with former Prime Minister Mr. Zambia. he had interacted with leading public figures in all spheres of life. The Realm of Supraphysics Mind. switzerland. Newspapers in india and Pakistan had extensively reported on his role in back-channel diplomacy between these two countries. I. political. Mr. these publications made an indelible impact on the country’s political life and wielded profound influence on decision-makers. Digvijay Singh (13) with Union Minister Pranab Mukherjee 6 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . italy. Gujral (9) with then Union Minister for Science and Technology Mr. Kampuchea. R K Mishra with Mr. Bardhan (12) with former Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh Mr. he had also been pursuing knowledge and authored four invaluable books on what he learnt. and had edited several publications on economic. They are: Before the Beginning and After the End: Rediscovering Ancient Insights. The Cosmic Matrix: In the Light of the Vedas. Energy and The Ultimate Dialogue. Omar Abdullah (now Chief Minister. he later on moved to Delhi to work with Patriot – an english daily – where he subsequently became the editor-in-Chief and Managing Director of the group’s publications – Patriot and Link magazine. A. Mishra had authored numerous articles and papers.K Adwani (5) with former Union Minister Mr. Concurrently. Manmohan Singh and Mr. Germany.B.
BUiLDiNG ParTNershiPs 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 8 10 12 11 13 CHApteR NAme HeRe 7 .
Mr. Mr. another significant programme was the interaction with shri Wajahat habibullah. The Principal scientific advisor to the Prime Minister. shri Wajahat habibullah gave a talk on “Working of right to information act: issues and Challenges”. all india institute of Local self Government. a major seminar on “Uttar Pradesh: The road ahead” was organised with the participation of several politicians across the spectrum. as part of the series of seminars planned on higher education. Delhi University. The problems encountered in implementation of this scheme were discussed and the outcome feeds into OrF’s research programme on Urban Development and Governance issues. The Director General of Csir. Mumbai. Dr. Mr. Mohan singh (sP). Political leaders like Mr. it was based on the OrF report on engineering education. of india. While the first one in Mumbai was to elicit industry input. researchers and journalists. assessing the right to information act and the many delays and problems faced in this regard. academics. and the Pharmaceutical industry. industry leaders and media professionals. spread over four sessions. Govt. The study report was presented at a seminar on “Civil aviation in india: Challenges and Prospects” in Delhi. r. They represented various associations and organisations based in Delhi. The event was attended by more than 80 participants. in april 2008 for an interactive session on the Bhagidari programme that has the local government seeking citizen’s cooperation and participation in governance. samir Brahmachari. Chief information Commissioner. Chidambaram. OrF commissioned a study by well-known civil aviation journalist. OrF took up the civil aviation sector for assessing the impact since it was one of the sectors to be worst affected in india.20 Years overvieW multidimensional enGaGements A Synopsis of Previous Year’s Activities ssUes of Governance and Politics were given a new thrust during the previous year. the Delhi seminar was intended to collect input from policy-makers and academia. Dr. organised a one-day conference at hotel Taj Lands ends. human settlement Management institute. Chief Minister of the Delhi Government. hormuz Mama. the conference deliberated on issues such as ‘dimensions of 8 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . OrF FiCCi and Department of Pharmaceuticals. The participants included academics. OrF organised its second seminar on “india’s Leadership in Manufacturing: role of engineering education” at its campus in Delhi. on the theme of “Pharmaceuticals 2014: Will india Leap Forward”. World Bank. Ms subhasini ali (CPi-M). including resident Welfare associations. Civil aviation. The meeting came up with various suggestions to improve quality of engineering education and the final report with its recommendations will be submitted to the government for consideration. done by Mumbai iiT Professors rangan Banerjee and Vinayak Muley. OrF organised a well-attended conference on “india’s Leadership in Manufacturing: The role of engineering” in Mumbai. indian institute of Public administration. New Delhi Municipal Council. Mr. This was followed by a question and answer session wherein NGO activists working on rTi also took part. and others. . satish Chandra Mishra (BsP). as the indian economy was affected following the worldwide economic turmoil. delivered the keynote address. Manish Tewari (Congress) and many senior serving and retired bureaucrats and development and governance experts took part in the discussions. ravi shanker Prasad (BJP). inaugurated the conference. Three important programmes were held during the i year in areas of concern with regard to domestic policies: engineering education. a fitting beginning was the visit of smt sheila Dikshit.
Myanmar and sri Lanka in undertaking this study. The conference was followed by a closed door roundtable on “Drug Discovery – The Business Opportunities in india”. innovation and iPr. action on “russia. OrF was quick to respond with numerous articles and a comprehensive dossier titled Mumbai Attacks: Response and Lessons. apart from several issue briefs on the LeT and other related subjects. Umarov. biologicals and affordability and accessibility to quality medicines’. The indo-russia programme with its two meetings during the year discussed important issues of mutual concern. Terrorism topped the agenda. Mr. organised a seminar on “india-Kazakhstan engagement: issues and Prospects. OrF scholars and experts were quoted and sought by policy-makers. a new feature for the Centre for international relations has been the establishment of the OrF ambassa- OveRvieW 9 . Bangladesh. Foreign secretary shivshankar Menon delivered the inaugural address. civil society and the national and international media. india and the global nuclear order” on 16th and 17th June. Rasgotra and Mr. Us election Monitor.BUiLDiNG ParTNershiPs overvieW quality public health. again. as a precursor to Kazakhstan President’s visit to india as the Guest of honour at the republic Day celebrations. rajiv sikri. (bottom) An interaction in progress on ‘India-Kazakhstan—Issues and Prospects’ there has been close cooperation between OrF’s institute of security studies with its thrust on Terrorism and National security issues and the OrF Centre for international relations with its Neighbourhood studies Programme that focusses on Nepal. M. The conference pointed out areas where cooperation can be further strengthened and steps needed for it. OrF . Pakistan. as a forerunner to russian President Dmitry Medvedev’s first visit to india. Kazakhstan and Central asia also featured as an area of special interest for OrF OrF organised an inter. former indian ambassador to Kazakhstan. also participated in the discussions. Kazakhstan ambassador in india. it will asses the impact and implications of Us-india defence cooperation for asia’s balance of power and security architecture in 2025. The Centre for international relations continued its important monthly web publication. especially after the Mumbai attack of 26 November 2008. that gave the indian perspective and expert comments on the run-up to the Us elections right till the installation of Mr Barack Obama as the new Us President. Baljit Kapoor. OrF and iWeP signed an agreement of Cooperation. Well known experts from india and russia took part in the discussions. after the two-day conference. OrF organised a timely conference on “Changing Patterns of indo-russian Cooperation”. in the arena of security studies. along with the institute of World economics and Policy. The project will address the challenges in india’s emerging strategic environment and look at the dynamics of india’s military modernisation. There was also a roundtable discussion on the unique bilateral project on india’s Defence Modernisation and strategic Planning undertaken by OrF and National Bureau of asian research (NBr) to examine india’s emergence as an asian power. The Us election Monitor was appreciated and received modest sponsorship and subscriptions in india and abroad. The discussions were initiated by Mr. (Top) Delhi Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit being welcomed by Mr. Owing to the overall insecure situation condition in south asia.
The singular objective has been to define a multi-disciplinary research agenda for OrF that would encourage teamwork cutting across disciplines. OrF and Walter h shorenstein Center at stanford University jointly organised an international conference on “Does south asia exist? Prospects for regionalism in south asia” at stanford. r. at the condolence meetings organised in Delhi and Chennai. presented a paper in the first session and also spoke on “africa in a Global Context: From Othello to Obama” at the conference dinner. in its continuing endeavour to sharpen its research focus and improve the quality of work. Over 10 CeOs of global mining. The main attraction at the conference was the iconic african thinker and writer Dr. delivered the inaugural address and Dr. The entire research faculty has been engaged in this process and a few significant themes with a long-term perspective on india’s future policy options have been identified. said that “the best tribute we can collectively pay to him (shri rK Mishra) is to sustain and continue his work.20 Years overvieW dors Forum that meets periodically to discuss key issues and recommend policy initiatives that are subsequently forwarded to the Government of india for consideration. eminent personalities paid glowing tributes to his towering and multifaceted personality. Germany. The Vice-President of india. a comprehensive three-year operational plan to implement this agenda was given priority. the first OrF-Delhi University summer Workshop for undergraduate students was successfully organised during the summer vacation of Delhi University. Mr. They also worked in groups addressing a challenging issue and prepared presentations that were assessed by a team of experts and prizes awarded for the best presentation. One of the major events organised by the Centre for resource Management (CrM) under its energy studies ORF ANd WALteR H SHOReNSteiN CeNteR At StANFORd UNiveRSity jOiNtLy ORgANiSed AN iNteRNAtiONAL CONFeReNCe ON “dOeS SOUtH ASiA exiSt? pROSpeCtS FOR RegiONALiSm iN SOUtH ASiA” At StANFORd. delivered the special address. tHiS WAS HeLd At StANFORd UNiveRSity’S BeCHteL CONFeReNCe HALL. finance and power companies and 60 senior industry experts exchanged their perspective on this crucial and evolving business segment. 2008 to explore prospects for regionalism and regional integration. “issues of Captive Coal Block Development in india” was the theme of the other significant event organised by the CrM at the Delhi OrF campus in association with CrisiL infrastructure services. Over 200 delegates attended the two-day conference. The entire OrF family is yet to recover from the shock and a deep sense of grief prevails. David Victor of stanford University. senior researchers of OrF presented theme papers in their respective areas and they were critiqued by well-known experts during the discussions. OrF suffered its worst ever setback on 9 January 2009 when its Founder Chairman passed away in Bangalore.” it is with that spirit that the OrF faculty and all associates dedicate themselves towards the forward journey of OrF . Within the framework of the MoU signed by OrF with Delhi University. . This conference was held at stanford University on June 19 and 20. The earlier conferences were on Northeast asia and southeast asia and had led to important edited volumes published by The Brookings institute Press.s. OrF in association with the rosa Luxemburg stiftung. The conference theme this year was “Gas in india – issues. This was the third in a series of similar academic conferences organised by shorenstein aParC. who had been a Distinguished Fellow in OrF . a research advisory Committee (raC) was constituted with participation of experts from outside and senior faculty and several Trustees playing an active part. secretary. Opportunities and Challenges”. organised an international conference on “engaging with a resurgent africa”. Usa. 10 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . Pandey. Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. shri hamid ansari. OrF celebrated its 19th Foundation Day this year with a series of academic seminars. To showcase its research work. Programme was the Petro india 2008 conference which OrF organised jointly with the indian energy Forum in New Delhi. he delivered the keynote address at the inaugural session. ali Mazrui. students were exposed to lectures on important policy issues and had interactive sessions with senior experts.
ORF Centre for International Relations and former Foreign Secretary StUdieS & iNitiAtiveS 11 . G5. and india’s economic strides have brought about a marked shift of power and focus from the euro-atlantic region to asia. BriC. in line with the changing times. NaTO’s advance to russia’s borders caused suspicions and tensions in russia’s relations with the Us and europe. While the United states has maintained its position as the world’s only super power. lost much of its prominence and its role in world affairs. or limit. G4. russia. australia. spearheaded by india. india’s relations with its immediate south asian neighbours. Central asia. we initiated a dialogue with the Maldivian Opposition Party leader Mohamed Nasheed annie a few months before he was elected President of his country. The collapse of the soviet Union and disintegration of Yugoslavia into several ethnic countries led to the european Union’s expansion to 27 members. —M. the rosa Luxumberg Foundation with a number of eminent experts from africa. a great change has taken place in the world scene. it is time for the formation of new groupings for international cooperation : india is now engaged in cooperative endeavours in iBsa. Owing to all these developments. with the exception of Bhutan s and Maldives. western influence in energy-rich Central asia were other significant developments of recent years. Japan and Kazakhstan. security and economic policies in the context of a new global dynamic.BUiLDiNG ParTNershiPs sTudies & iniTiaTives sHaRPeninG tHe FoCus ORF Studies and Initiatives TIME FOR THE FORMULATION OF NEW INTERNATIONAL GROUPINGS iNCe The eND of the Cold War. the Non-aligned Movement. the OrF-PCiP Task Force on india-Us relations received a good deal of attention in both countries. Far-reaching developments have also taken place in europe. Rasgotra President. and China and policy recommendations on these. seminars and informal interactions with scholars and experts from important countries including the Us. india’s trade and economic relations with China are undergoing rapid expansion. and other emerging issues relating to india’s engagement with the world were disseminated through our publications. europe and the Us as active participants. We conducted several in-depth studies. the OrF Centre for international relations made several policy recommendations for consideration by our government. india. resulting in significant adjustments in the foreign and security policies of major powers. including violent upheavals. and OrF’s senior faculty conducted important consultations with sri Lankan leaders – Tamil as well as sinhalese. G8 and G20! These changes necessitated a fresh look at and new approaches in india’s political. a major international Conference was held on africa in collaboration with our German partner. african studies are now a regular feature of the Centre’s research activity. extensive research was undertaken in studies relating to the Us. a closer rapport between China and russia and the creation of the shanghai Cooperation Organisation to keep out. The proceedings of the Conference are being compiled in a book to be published shortly. For example. China’s rapid rise as an economic and military power. south asia. held conferences. a new Us-india relationship is characterised by the unique indo-Us nuclear energy agreement and closer cooperation in defence matters. have been a source of some concern because of their internal problems. OrF’s Track ii initiatives have elicited a great deal of positive response and appreciation from all concerned. the resurgence of new russia.
It is intended to study them with the view to making the citizens’ right to information easier to secure. it is essential that problems of governance be addressed with a clear and sustained will to improve policymaking and implementation. The mandate of the centre for Politics and governance (cPg) at orf is to conduct indepth studies of various aspects of government’s policies and programmes in order to evolve well-researched policy options relating to them. corruption not only permeates all the levels of government but. right to information. cPg organised a discussion with the chief Information commissioner of the government of India regarding the right to Information act and its implementation. ON A bAsis OF pRiORity. Most of these areas of priority will involve reforming. public health. the President of India mentioned governance reform as one of the ten broad areas of priority for the government. promotion of tourism. on a basis of priority. ORF Centre for Politics and Governance and former Cabinet Secretary 12 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . Legislatures do not devote enough time L CpG pROpOses tO tAke Up. The backlog in our judicial system leads to inordinate delays in securing justice. sanitation. cPg proposes to follow up on the recommendations of this seminar through further such events and also through interaction with the government of Uttar Pradesh and the central government. economists. This makes urban planning and governance one of the core areas requiring attention. Past experience of implementation of various such schemes has shown glaring inefficiency and disturbing instances of corruption. In the immediate future. It now becomes more important than ever that governance reform be tackled with sincerity and vigour. and others. other states in the country will also be taken up for similar study in a phased manner. RiGht tO iNFORmAtiON. Naxal problems. edUCAtiON. strengthening or expanding existing schemes. NAxAL pRObLems ANd issUes OF GOveRNANCe ReLAtiNG tO seLeCted stAte GOveRNmeNts. which only governments are in a position to provide. and others. Poor and tardy implementation of infrastructure projects leads to heavy cost and time overruns and greatly hampers our economic development. according to independent assessment. resource mobilisation. ResOURCe mObiLisAtiON. mainly at the state level. administrators. basic and secondary education. These schemes would have to be administered mostly by government agencies. a number of new initiatives have been promised in the fields of health. The first project it undertook was a seminar in May 2008 on the theme “Uttar Pradesh: The Way forward”. and issues of governance relating to selected state governments. —Surendra Singh President. is increasing. The coming decades will see a massive increase in the population of our cities. even with respect of anti-poverty programmes. In her address to Parliament on June 4. National rural employment guarantee scheme. issues relating to urban governance. housing and rural infrastructure. this centre was revived in 2008. also. for India to occupy its rightful place among the well-functioning societies of the world. the World Bank and various political parties. think tanks. a number of problems and lapses in implementation of the act emerged from the discussion. academics. cPg proposes to take up. It leads to poor implementation of government’s policies and programmes and deprives the citizenry of full benefits of even basic services like law and order. education. after remaining dormant for a few years. primary and secondary education. and energy to issues of importance. NAtiONAL RURAL empLOymeNt GUARANtee sCheme. a National food security act is sought to be enacted. drinking water. social scientists.20 Years StudieS & initiativeS Governance: The mosT serious challenGe ack of good governance is one of the most serious problems facing our country today. 2009. issUes ReLAtiNG tO URbAN GOveRNANCe. This seminar attracted high-level participation by the government of Uttar Pradesh and by representatives of the central government.
miLitARy ANd dipLOmAtiC iNstRUmeNts. including direct and indirect threats and challenges posed by countries and/or nonstate actors and the intricate factors that impact our internal security should. military strategies. intensively pursue focused and policy-oriented research on national security and regional studies. diplomatic and security issues that are likely to impact India’s security. we are uniquely placed to pursue the aforesaid agenda. Balachandran during an interaction on security issues. eCONOmiC deveLOpmeNt. by establishing connections with related disciplines like international relations. G. economic. regional and global security. the GAp betweeN tRAditiONAL deveLOpmeNt ANd seCURity stUdies hAs tO be bRidGed thROUGh CROss-CUttiNG pOLiCy AGeNdAs. social and economic development. security problems require integrated national and international responses and combine political. policy-related research on politico-military. working in a multi-disciplinary environment and ethos. Being co-located and working laterally with other centres of orf dealing with international relations. integrated. political.BUILdINg ParTNersHIPs StudieS & initiativeS FormulaTinG cross-cuTTinG PolicY aGenDas T He oBJecTIVe of the Institute of security studies is to undertake and promote high-quality. security related area/regional studies. defence planning. but no less importantly. ORF Institute of Security Studies and former Chief of Army Staff stUdies & iNitiAtives 13 . India’s current position as a threshold power – with its commensurate roles and responsibilities – would compulsorily anchor the proposed security research in a global and regional framework. politics and governance. technological and environmental dimensions.P. In recent years. There is a new salience and awareness of the comprehensive nature of security. Mr. the Institute has undertaken several studies on issues like India’s defence policy. —General (Retd) V P Malik President. We also have the advantage of carrying out policy research studies in collaboration with international partners from different parts of the world. which includes in its ambit the traditional defence-related threats. counter-terrorism. socio-politics and socio-political economy. These imperatives guide the Institute for security studies of observer research foundation. Malik. a distinctive feature of the contemporary strategic environment has been the unprecedented change in the concepts. The gap between traditional development and security studies has to be bridged through cross-cutting policy agendas such as conflict prevention and security sector reforms. makes it imperative that analysts. V. economic development. involving both the internal and external facets. M. analyses of geo-political developments in our extended neighborhood. challenges in societal. The integrated security matrix. seCURity pRObLems ReQUiRe iNteGRAted NAtiONAL ANd iNteRNAtiONAL RespONses ANd COmbiNe pOLitiCAL. Rasgotra and Dr. therefore. paradigms and complexities of national. and military strategies of major powers. military and diplomatic instruments. regional studies. Gen. constitute the core areas of research. defence industrial capabilities and procurement policies.
This article of dr. faculty members in this centre broadly worked on policy issues relating to urbanisation. composition. undertaken by dr. rumi aijaz in the Journal of Asian and African Studies. It is recommended that a desirable change in urban areas can take place by adopting a public-private-partnership approach. evolution of municipalities. numerous civic services are being provided online on the municipal websites. their typology and constitution. Based on personal interactions with the municipal functionaries and other key respondents from training institutions.1 lakhs were issued during 2007-08 which generated revenue of rs. smt. transparency. accordingly. legislation. PPP . describes and evaluates such components of governance to understand precisely how municipalities.2 lakhs in 2007-08. It is concluded that Mcd has judiciously utilised the expertise of leading private information technology companies due to which both the civic agency and the citizens have benefited. rumi aijaz. The author suggests that it would be useful to evaluate the impact of recent reforms and assess the level of autonomy. The event was well-attended by representatives of various associations and organisations based in 14 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . sheila dikshit.Key to Good Urban Governance This study. participation. in most Indian states. Municipal acts are being amended. rumi aijaz describes the impact of e-governance initiatives of the Municipal corporation of delhi (Mcd) for providing basic civic services to the population living in delhi. Sage Publications Ltd.000 birth/death certificates are issued daily.20 Years StudieS & initiativeS CENTRE FOR ECONOMY AND DEVELOPMENT Form of Urban Local Government in India d uring the year. the study. april 2008. higher education and trade. orf has set before itself the task of contributing to this field through policy research and help develop innovative responses to India’s urban challenges and opportunities. considering the significance of these initiatives. 2008 to deliver a talk on the ‘Bhagidari Programme of delhi government’ at its New delhi campus. data in respect of three services show that: number of people paying property tax using online service registered an increase from 1. Other Activities and Initiatives orf invited Hon’ble chief Minister of delhi. and the information obtained from the selected case studies. the Indian government has initiated various policy reforms to strengthen local governments. This orf web article by dr. Urban Policy Research Programme Planning for urbanisation and achieving good urban governance are major challenges confronting policy makers and planners all over the world. Innovative Municipal Practices in India The role of urban local governments in India has become extremely challenging. efficiency. and city residents are benefiting with the implementation of policy measures.9 lakhs in 2006-07 to 2. and 8. and examine the actions which have been taken at the local level based on an analysis of suitable indicators and selection of case studies. and a number of financial reforms have been implemented. The approach has been to appraise select central government policy measures initiated to strengthen municipalities. given below are details on publications and activities carried out during the past one year in this area. To ensure that demands of the urban population are addressed efficiently. describes the main features of select reform measures implemented in municipalities and the important lessons learned with the adoption of new practices by the municipal functionaries. on an average over 3. on april 10. urban areas. duties. a variety of activities were undertaken to publish and disseminate research and engage policymakers in a healthy dialogue. track the status of tenders and receive e-mail alerts. for instance. management and finance practices are some aspects described in the paper. accountability and rule of law at local government level by analysing suitable indicators of good urban governance.. describes the form of urban local government in India in the context of recent municipal reforms. significant efforts are underway to enhance the knowledge of municipal functionaries. equity. the prevailing problems in the governance process are highlighted and suitable policy recommendations have been put forward. which was completed in January 2009. affirmative action. 80 crore and contractors can electronically download and upload tender documents.
issue of licences. and develop a real dialogue. New delhi Municipal council. poor maintenance of parks.BUILdINg ParTNersHIPs StudieS & initiativeS delhi. traffic congestion. such as water shortage and pipe leakages. crime. frequent workshops are held during which issues are discussed. dikshit mentioned that through this programme. slums. including resident Welfare associations. an attempt is being made to resolve various problems faced by residents living in delhi. broken roads and lanes. weights and measurements used for commercial purposes. sales tax. etc. power shortage and faulty electricity meters. various departments of the delhi government are working in partnership with a number of citizen groups. overcome their inhibitions. to act together and solve problems. quarterly reviews by chief secretary and steering committee headed by the chief Minister. M. Smt. Dr. sit together. Thus. Rumi Aijaz. solutions are identified and steps are taken towards implementation. choked sewers. smt. Sheila Dikshit and Mr. the citizen groups and government officials meet. at a seminar on Urban experiences: India. interact. (clockwise from top) Delhi Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit addresses participants on the ‘Bhagidari Programme’ of the Delhi Government. delhi University. etc. Human settlement Management Institute. Participants at the seminar stUdies & iNitiAtives 15 . encroachments. all India Institute of Local self government. World Bank. Indian Institute of Public administration. orf faculty engaged in urban research delivered presentation on: (i) ‘urban and regional development initiatives in India’. To achieve this task. solid waste heaps. This is followed by monthly reviews of the progress by departmental heads and deputy commissioners. grievances related to collection and payment of taxes. Rasgotra at the seminar.
kolkata on august 5. the gujjar agitation being its most recent manifestation. it pools together data from various sources on the implementation of reservations for different social groups access to higher education has been a long-standing policy concern in India. and (iii) ‘capacity building of municipal . 2008. Exploring Affirmative Action Around the World: Some Lessons affirmative action. it is necessary to analyse the efficacy of these policy strategies to counter exclusion and disadvantages. very few studies have looked at this issue systematically. (ii) ‘urban planning and development in India’ on May 30. It explicitly recognises the possibility of higher participation of specific segments of population in one domain (e. With the implementation of reservation for oBcs in the centrally aided higher education institutions.. organised by confederation of Indian Industry at the calcutta University. one. goI. despite a long history of reservation policies in India. reservation for different social groups at the central and the state levels has been a typical policy response. to address the issues of inclusion and equity has been in place in India for a long time. by dr. Reservation Policy and Its Implementation Across Domains in India: An Analytical Review The governments all over the world have implemented a number of affirmative action policies to tackle the problems of exclusion and inequalities. will be published as a monograph in July 2009. europe and North america – although the focus is mainly on affirmative action in the domains of education and employment. Niranjan sahoo. The issue of reservation is politically very alive today. provides an exploratory analysis of global experiences of affirmative action.g. at centre for development finance. This study in progress. Issues Relating to Affirmative Action and Higher Education and provides a comprehensive empirical overview of the current status of participation/representation of reserved categories in different domains. The policy of reservation in higher education is based on the premise that participation of persons from the reserved category is uniformly low and reservation would result in significantly higher participation.20 Years StudieS and initiativeS china and the chinese Indians. especially in the form of reservation policies. organised by the Indian Institute of Public administration and sponsored by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty alleviation. the debate on reservation has picked up again. This study provides a good starting point for exploring the dynamics of participation in different domains over a period of time. for delhi University students. It compiles data from different sources to provide a detailed analytical description of the participation of different reserved categories in educational. 2008. The empirical foundations of these premises have not been adequately explored. at orf New delhi. It analyses empirical data and literature from various sources on affirmative action programmes implemented across the world. the scope and coverage of these reservation policies has been enlarged through the inclusion of new social groups and by incorporating new ‘spaces’ hitherto not available to certain social groups. Through these policies. 2008. educational and work spaces. 2008. governance or employment. the available empirical studies typically focus on specific social groups or on particular domains like education. orf has initiated a long-term research project on policies related to affirmative action in different domains. there is no comprehensive data-based analysis of the implementation and impact of these policies. They also participated in a national workshop on ‘affordable Housing for Urban Poor’. given the growing interest in this policy domain. higher participation of the marginalised groups is sought in the political. However. While these linkages have been identified in earlier studies. as part of a jointly organised orfdU summer workshop during May 19 – June 4. functionaries for good governance in Uttarakhand’. Niranjan sahoo. alipore campus. it highlights the importance of analysing affirmative action in different domains together so that the linkages across key domains of affirmative polices can be explored. during october 16-17. an effort is made to cover all major regions – asia. over the years. policies in India and the related 16 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . by dr. Two. employment and political domains. education) influencing participation in other domains. New delhi. chennai on May 23. Institute for financial Management and research. Various types of affirmative action have been undertaken by governments in different parts of the world. This monograph achieves two useful objectives. 2008 at IIPa campus. Who Participates in Higher Education – Emerging Role of Affirmative Action The first study in the series.
role of political parties of the state. a large number of eminent participants from the government of India. social.Case of Maharashtra and Orissa The globalisation and liberalisation policies of the government of India started in 1990s were primarily reflected in its trade policies. Satish Chandra Mishra (L). the government of Uttar Pradesh. the World Bank and from the fields of politics. done by Prof.in the country’s most populous state. academia and civil society attended the seminar. Chaturvedi (M). Initiative in Implementing International Trade Policy . This argument becomes stronger once regional and economic characteristics of population of different groups are accounted for. The changing role of business in the state. T. administration. gitanjali sen and Mr. political and economic -. bureaucratic mechanism working towards implementation of policies. we need to have a clear idea of who participates in higher education. explores the participation in higher education by different socio-religious groups. Using the National sample survey data.BUILdINg ParTNersHIPs StudieS and initiativeS debates have remained narrowly focused on the issue of reservation. agriculture. This study.historical. this study.N. explores state policies that affected the insertion of the state in international economy through international trade and fdI during 19912007. and the market forces in framing and implementation of liberalisation policies are analysed in this study. Surendra Singh at the seminar on “Uttar Pradesh: The Road Ahead’. These include: (a) the new (Top) Mr. Mr. dr. sTs and Muslims still show high deficits. a more detailed research paper and policy brief is expected to be ready by august 2009 and a monograph. razeen sally. The seminar addressed and evaluated four important aspects -. power. (bottom) an interaction during the ORF Foundation Day seminar on ‘Urban Governance: Capacity Building of Municipal Functionaries’ stUdies & iNitiAtives 17 . CENTRE FOR POLITICs AND gOVERNANCE orf centre for Politics and governance organised a twoday international seminar on “Uttar Pradesh: The road ahead” on May 23 & 24. gitanjali sen. next year. even before we undertake any such exercise. a draft paper on this issue presented at the orf foundation day seminar showed that participation deficit may not be an appropriate rationale for reservation in higher education for the oBcs while scs. The international trade policy in India is framed at the centre level and the state governments do not have any direct role in the making of trade policies. The work on this topic is underway. one needs to explore the potential of nonquota (reservation) based affirmative action. rakesh Basant and dr. But the speed and level of implementation of trade policies depend on the state initiatives as well. Indian Federalism and Trade Policy Making The centre hopes to explore the emerging role of states in the process of economic reforms in various domains like education. sridhar kundu. 2008 at the orf delhi campus. Mr. The federal distribution of power in India recognises few areas of state jurisdictions where state has indirect role in the implementation of trade policies. This year we initiated a study in the area of trade. by dr. and others.
administration and regional development. advancing course correction in terms of policy measures. medium and long term. (c) the challenges for and prospects of good governance in the state. political and economic streams of the state from a broad. consolidating systems of governance by rooting out corruption and inefficiency and addressing regional concerns in a ORF Faculty at the talk on ‘Implementation of Right to Information’ by the Chief Information Commissioner.through well thought-out and calibrated initiatives. The five sessions of the seminar addressed the road ahead for the state in terms of questions relating to politics. 18 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . Mr. their impact and potential in short. Measures needed to be taken to overcome some of the negative effects of these developments were highlighted. Management of social tensions by strengthening the process of social and political consensus that has reflected in the state’s political sphere in recent times. their present status and the way forward. and (d) regional disparities in Uttar Pradesh and the case for smaller geographical and administrative units. The seminar had essentially sought to evolve a historical perspective on the new social and political consensus in Uttar Pradesh as represented by the emergence of the single-party government led by Bahujan samaj Party leader kumari Mayawati. (b) the economy and development of Uttar Pradesh. as well as the long periods of instability that have resulted as a consequence of this churning. The seminar focussed all major social. It also focused its attention on the wavered economic development that has characterised the state over the past decade-and-a-half. The seminar noted the intense socio-political churning that has dominated Uttar Pradesh over the last 15 years.20 Years StudieS and initiativeS trajectories in the political process of Uttar Pradesh. macro perspective and emphasised that the phenomenon that creates the impression of Uttar Pradesh being a politically and administratively unmanageable state could be altered substantially -. Wajahat Habibullah (inset). social equations. economics.
selected experts have been addressing various aspects in their detailed papers which will be reviewed and edited for publication of the first volume. many discussions and seminars were held on topical issues as the horrific terrorist attack of 26/11 at Mumbai. (b) Project on military strategies of major asian powers. India’s current security environment and its military capabilities would be assessed. contours of future challenges and recommendations to deal with them would then be published in a second volume of the joint endeavour. mOst pReviOUs wORks hAve beeN eitheR theORetiCAL OR FOCUsed ON pOLitiCAL ReLAtiONs. he said.BUILdINg ParTNersHIPs StudieS and initiativeS concerted manner were identified as core initiatives. The whole point of the rTI act is that it is expected to infuse the very essence of democracy into the country’s system of governance. Its activities ranged from launching a major joint project with an american think tank National Bureau of asian research (NBr) to undertaking analyses. Wajahat Habibullah. transparency and accountability in the manner in which public money is spent. Habibullah’s talk and his subsequent interaction with the orf faculty and outside experts has been brought out under the orf seminar series programme. Habibullah gave a comprehensive account of the rTI act as it is being implemented to empower the citizenry to strengthen the democratic functioning of the Indian polity and society. therefore. studies and conceptualisation of some vital issues relevant to India’s security. MPs. weapons systems. the centre invited the country’s first chief Information commissioner. surendra singh. Mr. In the second year of the study. orf plans to make an in-depth study of these issues in order to evolve policy options for making the rTI act more effective. They apply not only to the government but also to other institutions and persons because the act demands ORF INsTITuTE OF sECuRITY sTuDIEs orf Institute of security studies (Iss) had a busy year. Mr. In addition. chaired by Mr. thOUGh theRe hAs beeN A debAte AbOUt this issUe. Municipal councillors and all other elected representatives only represent the public and are not ‘the public’ themselves. President of the centre for Politics and governance. In the discussion after the talk. Mr. led by Lt. a publication based on Mr. members of Panchayats. gen.) from the orf side and dr. Habibullah stated and clarified that “The public is. a number of problems in effective implementation of the rTI act were highlighted. The major projects undertaken were as follows: (a) a joint project with the National Bureau of asian research (NBr). Mr. equipment and their impact on national security. (d) a monograph on the future of conflict and security in India’s emerging political environment. ashley Tellis from the NBr. In another significant initiative. (c) Project on procurement of arms. India’s emerging security environment and challenges to its security would be conceptualised and examined. the cIc said. the master and that is the meaning of democracy”. examining the dynamics of India’s military modernisation and assessing the impact and implication of Indo-Us defence cooperation. Project on Military Strategies of Major Asian Powers Whether asia’s future is characterised by conflict or cooperation will obviously have an impact on both global future stUdies & iNitiAtives 19 . In the first year. Usa. a joint orf-NBr project was launched towards the end of 2008 with a view to addressing the challenges in India’s emerging strategic environment. MLas. Habibullah said the objective of the act is to achieve the twin goals of transparency and accountability. ORF-NBR Project whetheR AsiA’s FUtURe is ChARACteRised by CONFLiCt OR COOpeRAtiON wiLL hAve AN impACt ON GLObAL FUtURe ANd iNdiA’s seCURity. The project. to give a talk on “Implementation of right to Information act: Issues and challenges”. Vinayak Patankar (retd. is expected to cover its objectives over a two-year period.
which is grossly misleading because it simplifies the complexities of the region.20 Years StudieS and initiativeS and India’s security. GiveN the GROwiNG CONCeRN OveR A wARmiNG pLANet. The monograph would focus primarily on conceptual shifts in the nature of conflict. studies the military strategies of four major asian powers -. Various aspects related to this are: (a) Policies and programmes for procurement of arms and equipment. complex and conflicting policy discourse on issues regarding the development of and future of the 20 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . Japan in a book-length volume. weapons systems and equipments have to be procured regularly in order to build and maintain defence capabilities. It would culminate It is probably for the first time that the future of conflict and security in India’s emerging political environment was taken up for detailed studies. most previous works have been either theoretical or focused on political relations. in light of the emerging challenges and opportunities. is soon to be published as an orf monograph. Though there has been a continuing debate about this issue. and russia – and seeks to fill this gap. this project will also examine how they interact to produce a more complex picture of the strategic interaction of military strategies and its impact on stability and security in the region.china. the security implications of emerging technologies. which will continue till mid-2010. and military strategies would also be included. by Mr. from an asian as well as specifically Indian perspective. CLimAte ChANGe ANd its impACt ON iNdiA’s eNeRGy seCURity hAs beeN Added tO the ORF CeNtRe FOR ResOURCes mANAGemeNt’s ALReAdy exhAUstive ReseARCh pORtFOLiO iN 2008. a policy paper on India’s defence Procurement Policy has already been completed. It would also recommend a comprehensive reform of India’s national security system. rajeswari rajagopalan. ammunition. Previous works on military strategies of the great powers in this region have also been lacking because they have focused on one or two countries. the heightened role of information and perceptions in both shaping and resolving conflicts. The monograph would conclude by proposing a new paradigm for conceptualising and acting on national security: an evolutionary systems view of security that employs networked management and anticipatory governance in a complex era. With that as a sound foundation. They would include the threat posed by networked forms of organisation. climate change and economics and emerging challenges in nuclear. they ignored an equally important issue: military strategies of the major powers of the region and how they might interact to produce stability or conflict in the region. studies and projects of the centre so far have focussed on the varied. tentatively titled “arms Procurement and National security: current scenario and future directions”. Iss now has embarked on a project titled “arms Procurement and National security”. The project. (b) Procurement procedures and processes. While both these approaches were important. weapons systems and equipment. global shifts in geopolitical power and their effects on Indian strategic thinking would be issues addressed in addition. space. examination of deficits in governance as a security threat. (c) establishing self-reliance through indigenous production and procurement of arms. The Future of Conflict and Security in India NOw. Procurement of Arms: Impact on National Security arms. the United states. Iss proposes to take up subsequently a study of the need for high degree of self-reliance in building and maintaining India’s military capabilities. Neil Padukone. This project. While studying the military strategies of the major asian powers. done by dr. CENTRE FOR REsOuRCEs MANAgEMENT Study on Climate Change and its Impact on India’s Energy Security orf centre for resources Management pioneers projects and studies relevant to the country’s energy policy in the context of energy security and the development needs of the rapidly expanding and diversifying economy. which was completed in March 2009.
Sharma. India-centric. Usa. Nitin Zamre. and Mr. crM and crIsIL Infrastructure services organised a brainstorming session on ‘Issues in captive stUdies & iNitiAtives 21 . The new government has recently formed a group of experts to examine the petroleum product pricing regime. a collaborative research project between orf crM and The Brookings Institution. Mr. climate change and its impact on India’s energy security has been added to the centre’s research portfolio in 2008. freeman spolgi Institute for International studies. These discussions resulted in the publication of a Policy Brief on the issue. Forsterling. The centre has entered into tie-ups with a number of other bodies for information sharing and research. with a focus on energy sectors. in partnership with the India energy forum. In september 2008. Ms. ‘I-cubed’. Sunjoy Joshi at a brainstorming session on ‘Issues in Captive Coal Development’.P.BUILdINg ParTNersHIPs StudieS and initiativeS (Top to bottom) Mr. opportunities and challenges’ with active participation of the Industry and regulatory bodies. Arjun Sengupta. Surendra Singh welcomes delegates at the ‘7th Petro India 2008’ conference. Mr. Dr. The centre organises conferences. Usa has culminated in the development of a new quantitative. crM is the ‘Indian partner’ in the global energy observatory. Ajit Kr. a roundtable was organised on pricing petroleum products with participation from a diverse set of stakeholders. Uma Shankar Sharma during the discussion on Oil Pricing Policy Reform. taxation of petroleum products and technology transfer to the Indian power sector. Sanjeev Aggarwal and Mr.. a collection of interactive databases on energy infrastructures and resources being developed by the New Mexico consortium. M. Members of crM are engaged in research and studies with the International Institute of strategic studies. The model has been successfully used to explore issues of sector wise productivity. california. Mr. S. Mr.K. organised a two-day conference on ‘gas in India: Issues. In february 2009. London and also in the Program on energy & sustainable development. crM. seminars and roundtable discussions involving a wide and diverse range of experts and stakeholders to help understand the formulation of policy and lay down a framework of impartial objective analysis that can assist decision makers. given the growing concern over a warming planet. In March 2009. and it was disseminated to all the stakeholders. University of stanford. Tripathi during a discussion on ‘Use Downturn for Sustainable Pricing Policy Reform in the Oil Sector’. global macroeconomic model. Lydia Powell and Mr. country’s energy mix of conventional and non-conventional sources of energy.
Proceedings of all the events have been compiled and circulated among a wide range of experts and decision makers. students attended lectures delivered by orf faculty. terrorism. Lalit Bhasin with the students at the valedictory session coal Block development’ which was well received and appreciated by the coal industry. as well as by resource persons from reputed institutions based in delhi. the weekly brought out by crM. and internal security threats. during the two-week workshop. The theme of the first workshop was ‘India’s future challenges’. The workshop followed signing of a Memorandum of Understanding with the delhi University (dU) to jointly conduct summer Workshops every year with the objective of generating awareness among dU students on the role of think tanks. Group Photo of the Participants. and to educate them on various public policy issues. The Workshop in progress. neighbourhood.20 Years StudieS and initiativeS (Clockwise from top left) Mr. In april 2009. Vikram Sood and Prof. The experts also discussed important challenges faced by the Indian government concerning climate change. ‘orf energy News Monitor’. ORF-DU Summer Workshop sity organised a unique summer workshop for students with the purpose of familarising them with Public Policy making. is on its fifth successful year of publication. Deepak Pental at the inauguration of the DU-ORF Workshop. Twenty undergraduate students participated in the inaugural workshop which was inaugurated by dU Vice chancellor Prof. deepak Pental at the orf in New delhi on 19 May 2008. following this event. orf and crIsIL published a Policy Brief on “Issues in captive coal Block development in India” and have agreed to work together on other nuances of the coal sector. an incisive presentation on climate change and the challenge of sustainable development initiated crM’s studies on the Politics and economics of climate change. energy observer research foundation and the delhi Univer- 22 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . Mr. who covered issues relating to strategic and foreign policy. such as India and the world. Participants at the Workshop.
We held series of discussions with various experts. The students also worked on group projects on specific public policy issues under the guidance of mentors. These discussions were attended by a large number of people from different sectors. team dynamics and communication. Mr. was executed through a Task force approach with different scholars – Mr. We also exchanged notes and ideas with experts from different countries on the Taliban. Wilson John (Pakistan). Barring perhaps Bhutan. associated with the programme. all other neighbouring countries showed signs of extreme political and social polarisation and growth of extremism. sri Lanka. the peace and stability lasted only few weeks before political compulsions and over-arching ambitions among the leaders brought the coalition government to the brink of collapse. scholars and policymakers have been. the key pROjeCt this yeAR wAs tO stUdy these pOLitiCAL tRANsitiONs ANd tO Assess the impLiCAtiONs OF sUCh deveLOpmeNts iN the ReGiON. saeed Naqvi. intellectual property rights and health. Joyeeta Bhattacharya (Bangladesh). a rare occurrence. k. The year also marked stUdies & iNitiAtives 23 . Pakistan although the neighbourhood has been a foreign policy challenge for India. This helped them in learning the basic concepts involved in project writing. military officials and journalists. The second workshop is being planned on the theme of ‘Promoting good governance’ from 18 May 2009.Pakistan. Bangladesh. The first workshop generated a lot of enthusiasm among the students. Myanmar. He discussed his assessment at a round-table discussion organised in New delhi. magazines and journals across the world. dr. both from India and outside. OtheR NeiGhbOURiNG COUNtRies shOwed siGNs OF extReme pOLitiCAL ANd sOCiAL pOLARisAtiON ANd GROwth OF extRemism. The Programme’s publications and outreach have been phenomenal this year with its scholars quoted on Pakistan and terrorism in reputed newspapers. presentation skills. The report of the discussion – ‘does the War on Terror strengthen the idea of Pakhtoonistan’ – was posted on the web and has evoked considerable comment among the analysts. Paul soren (Nepal) and others --contributing to the report. dr. The project. affirmative action. M rasgotra. conceived and conceptualised with the advice and assistance of some of India’s well-known economists and diplomats. bARRiNG bhUtAN. In Pakistan.BUILdINg ParTNersHIPs StudieS and initiativeS and environment. dr. Mr. to understand the emerging contours of the problems in our immediate neighbourhood and various implications for India. Vikram sood. The key project which we undertook this year was to study these political transitions to assess the implications of such developments in the region and the challenges posed on India. The programme focussed intensely on each of the key countries -. several other well-known scholars are associated with the project in various capacities. visited Pakistan to assess the political situation. one of its scholars. including diplomats. the future of India-Pakistan dialogue and security situation in the region. led the programme with characteristic foresight and aplomb. CENTRE FOR INTERNATIONAL RELATIONs Neighbourhood Project India and its neighbourhood has always been a key research programme for orf some of the best-known . although a democratically elected government replaced the eight-year-old military regime of President Pervez Musharraf in february 2008. Mr. Vice-President of the centre and former secretary. an equal partner in sharing the responsibility of expanding the programme has been Mr. anjali sharma (sri Lanka and Maldives). Nepal. President of orf centre for International relations and India’s former foreign secretary. deeper study became urgent as tumultuous events began to rewrite past assessments and predictions. Maldives and Bhutan. and for orf a more focussed and . was quoted extensively during a debate on the Mumbai attacks in the Indian Parliament. Wilson John. Mr. Maxalism. sathiya Moorthy (sri Lanka and Maldives). Yhome (Myanmar). one of our well-known scholars. and continue to be. senior fellow. amb. research and analysis Wing (raW).
The widespread popular support for awami League was a clear expression of people’s desire to remain free. Sri Lanka ON sRi LANkA. In May 2008. commissioned by the Ministry of external affairs. The report. Lt. a second report on Pakistan’s Schools of Terror was serialised on websites. Mohammed Nasheed `anni`. Mr farooq sobhan to discuss India-Bangladesh relations: Past. The discussants. well as international television shows. The Mumbai attacks of November 2008 alarmed the world and galvanised our research staff to work on a report highlighting the failures and flaws in the government response during the 60-hour siege. Mumbai Attacks: Response and Lessons. Bangladesh another area on which we renewed our attention this year was afghanistan.The Economist. Vikram sood and Mr. a well-known media commentator on the subject. orf scholars. Coming Blowback: How Pakistan is Endangering the World. 24 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . deepak Tripathi. Mohan Malik. round-table discussions were held in chennai and delhi on the subject with experts both from within and outside orf during the year. Tariq karim. the programme produced several well-appreciated commentaries as the sri Lankan army battled LTTe. felt the situation in afghanistan was grim. at a round-table discussion on Bangladesh after the elections. The paper. another book. a well-researched and convincingly argued paper was authored by Mr. orf also hosted a five-member delegation from Maldives which included the then opposition leader and the present President. ROUNd-tAbLe disCUssiONs weRe heLd iN CheNNAi ANd deLhi ON the sUbjeCt with expeRts bOth FROm withiN ANd OUtside ORF. and away. Afghanistan on sri Lanka. a report published Afghanistan: Patterns of Violence. another important visitor was amb. Vice President of Bangladesh enterprise Institute. and the Indian Ocean Region. titled Dialectics of the Afghanistan Conflict: How the country became a terrorist haven. were extensively quoted in the international media --. blogs and discussion forums besides being quoted during press conferences addressed by major political parties. Mr. general Talat Masood and dr. the pROGRAmme pROdUCed seveRAL weLL-AppReCiAted COmmeNtARies As the sRi LANkAN ARmy bAttLed Ltte. Wilson John. orf had several discussions on the situation in the country and published three papers. dhaka. we hosted well-known diplomat and analyst. The Washington Post and Time. Mr. The delegation held wide-ranging discussions with orf faculty members besides addressing a public gathering on ‘‘current developments in the Maldives’’ in July 2008. from military regimes. the US and its allies. another significant publication was the book titled India. The second paper was written by Mr Jeffrey ellis. was titled Staying the Course in Afghanistan: Implications for Afghanistan and its neighbours. Present and future. the consensus was that India must help Bangladesh stabilise politically as well as economically and must adopt a more generous approach towards resolving the contentious issues that hinder a more robust bilateral relationship. Sri Lanka and the Ethnic War. since published on the web. was completed and submitted. some of the most experienced diplomats and academics.20 Years StudieS and initiativeS the publication of an edited volume titled Pakistan: The Struggle Within with incisive analyses by internationally well-known scholars like dr selig Harrison. substantiated the main thrust of the discussion. dr frederic grare. was published within a month of the attack. Many of them appeared on national as on afghanistan at orf was a well-attended roundtable discussion on the current security situation in the region. a report on India. The discussion was published as an orf discourse. another significant event This country witnessed a political transition from a military-backed government to a democratically elected one. We have also signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Bangladesh enterprise Institute to jointly work on research projects. a young Us scholar working with orf as a research Intern. Maldives . He stressed on building a strong relationship between India and Bangladesh by encouraging greater connectivity and investments. is being published by rupa.
a half-day roundtable discussion was organised soon after the constituent assembly elections in april 2008 to discuss the emerging situation in Nepal and Policy options for India. Nasheed Ali (President of Maldives) and Mr. Saeed Naqvi and Mr. dr durgesh Man singh. Hari Bansh Jha. BEI) and Mr. Sunimal Fernando (Advisor to the President of Sri Lanka) and Mr. Wilson John during a discussion on Pakistan elections Nepal The events in Nepal remained a focus of the programme throughout the year with intense discussions and commentaries published on orf’s website as well as newspapers. several scholars presented papers at national and international conferences and seminars during the year on a variety of subjects. We also hosted an eminent Nepali economist. quite relevant to both India and Nepal. at the same time. M. Prabhakar rana. International crisis group. Myanmar a significant addition to the studies. stUdies & iNitiAtives 25 . corporate chairman of soaltee group. Mhd. Mr. The newly appointed ambassador to India. Farooq Shobhan (President. for one of its asia reports. inspiring the team as a whole to achieve the goal we had set when we began the journey -. The highly respected research group. Mr. who interacted with the faculty members on the current situation in Nepal. Baljit Kapoor sign MoU. was Myanmar. visited the orf campus to interact with the faculty members and exchange views on a variety of issues. dr. another important visitor to orf from Nepal was Mr. orf’s Nepal reports and commentaries were widely ap- preciated by policy makers and journalists. several well-researched commentaries on Myanmar were published both on the orf website as well as newspapers. Mr. who discussed the evolving Nepal’s New geo-economic growth Model. which we have had in the neighbourhood programme. an occasional Paper on India-Myanmar Relations was published during the year. Vikram Sood at an interaction before the elections in Maldives.BUILdINg ParTNersHIPs StudieS and initiativeS (Clockwise from top left) Mr. expanding the scope of our research programme’s outreach and.to be the best in our field. quoted extensively from orf’s report on Nepal at a critical Juncture. Masgotra.
M. Harinder sekhon.20 Years StudieS and initiativeS us sTuDIEs PROgRAMME The Us studies Programme is engaged in a study entitled US South Asia Policy Under a New Administration: Implications for India. though the Us claims to have “de-hyphenated” the India(From top to bottom) Ms. Harinder Sekhon delivers a lecture at the US Department of Homeland Security Challenges. India mattered even less and relations between the two democracies remained rancorous during much of the cold War period. While Pakistan has traditionally been at the centre-stage of Us policy in south asia. and will continue to remain so. The south asian region. has acquired considerable significance in recent years in Us foreign policy calculus. This is a relatively new development and has largely emerged after the catastrophic events of 9/11 as during much of the cold War. american interests in south asia were inextricably subordinated to its larger cold War concerns and the United states had very little interest in south asia as an independent strategic entity. mutual interests and shared concerns have forced both India and the United states to increasingly turn toward one another in the new emerging global order. long-term geo-political interests have compelled the Us to recognise India as the “new centre of gravity”. But today. as the system of international alliances and alignments that the United states chose to encourage among nations at the end of World War II is in a state of flux. created tensions in India-Us relations. undertaken by dr. especially on its periphery. the Us security policy in south asia is therefore confronted with daunting challenges largely driven by the significant transformation in the regional political. Rasgotra. Jawaharlal Nehru’s dogged pursuit of the concept of non-alignment in foreign relations by India and India’s opposition to american military alliances. also. The past decade has also witnessed the emergence of new elements of regional security. Rasgotra Prof. Washington 26 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . M. economic and security landscape. These are not only affecting the way regional security issues are managed and resolved. as a global player. Teresita Schaffer with Mr. a term used to denote the nine countries of the Indian sub-continent. Robert Hathway and Mr. The global war on terror. the proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction will continue to remain dominant issues that will challenge Us policy planners. but also changing the paradigms of security issues. Dr.
Lisa curtis (The Heritage foundation). B ramesh Babu. it could find itself in a situation where it shall have to balance out the incompatible agendas of its coalition partners. managing the various “interrelationships” among asian powers is a predicament for the United states. dr. rajesh rajagopalan. shivaji sondhi (Princeton). (2) controversies. a monthly publication. Xenia dormandy (Harvard). The Programme organised a roundtable discussion on “India and the Us: What lies ahead’’ after President obama took charge in the Us and the Manmohan singh government faced the electorate. (5) experts corner. with responsibility stUdies & iNitiAtives 27 . largely focuses on the role of the economic stakeholders. Prof. Mr. The monitor. published by Macmillan. Mr. Prospects and Challenges Ahead This study by dr. Mr. Prof. (7) Indian american Perspective. arthur klinghoffer (rutgers). and a former ambassador. (6) Business Buzz. The United states would want to ensure that its role. Lalit Mansingh. The last issue came out in december 2008. robert Hathaway (Woodrow Wilson center). ORF LAUNChed A sUbsCRiptiON-bAsed eLeCtRONiC Us eLeCtiON mONitOR iN jANUARy 2008 tO ANALyse the theN UNFOLdiNG eLeCtiON sCeNARiO iN the UNited stAtes tO heLp disCeRN the iNteRNAL dyNAmiCs thAt shApe pOLiCy withiN the Us. dr. (3) economy Talk. This book. surjit Mansingh dhruv Jaishankar (Brookings) and others presented the Us perspective. Prof. Mr. Mr.BUILdINg ParTNersHIPs StudieS and initiativeS Pakistan relationship and now pursues independent policies towards both. India’s strengths and the potential to be a stabilising factor in the new asian balance of power are important attributes. k subrahmanyam. saeed Naqvi. The main focus of the Us election Monitor was to pro- vide an Indian perspective to the election process in one of the world’s most vibrant democracies. daniel Twining (member of former Us secretary of state condoleezza rice’s policy planning staff. surendra singh. Prof. strobe Talbott (Brookings). Leading experts from India who contributed to the Monitor were Mr. dr. This monitor. Prof. derek chollet (cNas). a unique publication of its kind. chintamani Mahapatra. provided distilled information to Indians located in decision-making positions. remains an important variable in shaping the world. gurmeet kanwal and others. The discussion was initiated by Ms. Mr. daniel Markey (cfr). dr. We also had interactions with Us experts like Ms. India and the United States: Breakthroughs. Parag khanna (New america foundation). India and Pakistan. Teresita schaffer (csIs). Mr. Leading Us experts included Ms. Thus. g Parthasarathy. department of state. India would however need to assess its own interests and visualise the kind of relations it seeks to establish with the United states and also make an evaluation of the key drivers and challenges that will confront this relationship. The Us studies Programme launched a subscriptionbased electronic Us election Monitor in January 2008 to analyze the then unfolding election scenario in the United states to help discern the internal dynamics that shape policy within the Us. The monitor carried articles from renowned experts both in India and the United states that highlighted the policy orientation of the candidates on many burning issues. The presentation was divided under the following headings: (1) orf Perspective. director of the south asia Program at the center for strategic and International studies. business lobbies and organisations in the Us. its relations with India assume significance. who have been the drivers behind the new Us policy. particularly in south asia. (4) Policy Talk. which was not available in the market otherwise. Prof. M rasgotra. Harinder sekhon looks at the main issue of economic stakes as drivers of foreign policy and explores the political and economic dynamics of IndoUs relations by examining the critical determinants that have fostered closer and stronger ties between the two countries. dr. Us department of state). Teresita schaffer. dr. Mr. Uday Bhaskar. china’s rise and its role in asia present its own challenges. the american Indian diaspora. diane kelly (deputy director for south and central asia. as the Us seeks to create new security and economic arrangements in the region that will serve long-term american interests. was widely distributed via electronic mail.
on March 13 and 14. director of the Institute of World economics and Policy. and challenges in India’s relationships with the region. James f Moriarty (Us ambassador to Bangladesh). 2009. The region includes russia. dr. during the year 2008-2009. 2008. dr. she was also invited by the stanley foundation and the centre for a New american security for the asian architecture Values Workshop at Honolulu. in september 2008. Hawaii. sekhon also gave a talk on Us-India defence cooperation at the army War college. 2008. from april 13 to 16. 2008. three bilateral conferences were organised by the eurasian studies Programme at the orf campus in New delhi. Her paper was titled ‘The elephant and the dragon: Bracing for Major shifts in the asian Balance of Power – the case of India’. Prof. participated in the interaction. James richard dickenson (senior american political commentator) and the ambassador of the republic of el salvador. has strategic and economic significance for India. Vyacheslav Nikonov. a two-day interaction on “russia. she was also invited by the Us department of state to a three-week workshop on International security Issues from May 5 to May 23. rakesh Basant led the orf team comprising Mr. Hathaway. Mr. Usa. organised by the centre for american Progress and ten leading Washington-based think tanks at Washington. The orf eurasian studies Programme keeps track of developments in the eurasian region and seeks to study prospects. India in a Multi-Polar World” held in Moscow in december 2008. amb. sekhon gave a talk on “Under New Leadership: analysing the India-Us Post. sekhon was invited to make a presentation on climate change and Internal security challenges: The case of India at the clout & climate change: a New global agenda for the 21st century War game conference. Patricia figueroa. dc from July 27-30. orf has identified ‘BrIc’ as a major area for further study and development. scholars of the eurasian studies Programme also actively took part in various international conferences. Marat shaikhutdinov. The conference discussed patterns of global governance and the emergence of new global power centres like Brazil. India. participated in the conference. an orf team led the Indian delegation that participated in the conference on BrIc in Moscow on december 8 & 9. Mhow. council for foreign relations). 2008. headed by dr. issues. 2008. a team of russian experts. as part of the activities agreed upon in an MoU signed with the Moscow-based council for National strategy in June 2008. covering a vast area. The kazakh team was led by dr. a conference on BrIc was also organised by the Watson Institute at the Brown University. a team of russian experts. another two-day conference on “changing patterns of Indo-russian cooperation” was held on November 17 & 18.dc. the eurasia studies Programme is now actively involved in facilitating Track II interaction among the BrIc countries. which was organized by “russkiy Mir”. Washington. Mr Nandan Unnikrishnan. on May 22. Prof. ANd ChALLeNGes iN iNdiA’s ReLAtiONships with the ReGiON. rhode Island. robert M. was invited to participate in: 28 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . Mr. 2008. headed by dr. The Programme also organised a twoday conference on “India-kazakhstan engagement: Issues and Prospects on december18 &19. EuRAsIA sTuDIEs PROgRAMME eurasia. dURiNG the yeAR thRee biLAteRAL CONFeReNCes weRe ORGANised by the eURAsiAN stUdies pROGRAmme. 2008. samir saran. an orf team participated in the conference on “russia. encouraged by the results. Nandan Unnikrishnan and Mr. 2008. senior fellow. china and south africa. the ORF eURAsiAN stUdies pROGRAmme keeps tRACk OF deveLOpmeNts iN the eURAsiAN ReGiON ANd seeks tO stUdy pROspeCts. director of the Institute of the Usa and canada studies. India and the global Nuclear order” was organised on June 16 & 17. President of the Polity foundation. dr.election(s) relationship” at the council for foreign relations. daniel Markey (former Us state department official and now senior fellow. sergey rogov. issUes. central asia and Transcaucasian republics. Mrs.20 Years StudieS and initiativeS for south asia and regional issues in east asia). russian academy of sciences. russia.
she also presented a paper on “India-kazakhstan bilateral trade and economic relations” at the conference on “India-kazakhstan engagement: Issues and Prospects held in december 2008 at orf . “recent crisis in south ossetia” and “russian President dmitry Medvedev’s visit to India: Issues & opportunities. “russian foreign Policy under the new President”. New delhi (september 2008) The Programme also actively participates in all in-house seminars. The study looks at the present status of bilateral trade with the central asian republics and explores the possible areas of cooperation.BUILdINg ParTNersHIPs StudieS and initiativeS A group photo of the ORF delegation at a seminar in Moscow on ‘Russia and India in a Multipolar World’. a monograph titled “India and central asia: redefining energy and Trade Links” by Ms. kabul. Mr. geo-politics of oil and gas play a crucial role in the power politics of the region. May 31-June 01. spoke on ‘India.” Ms angira sen sarma. January19-20. angira sen sarma is in the process of publication. almaty. chennai (august 2008) • on role of Think Tanks in society at the Indian Institute of Mass communication. New delhi (august 2008) • on russia at asian college of Journalism. The Programme is involved in various research projects.Uzbekistan relations: an assessment’. Unnikrishnan gave talks on various topical issues at orf like “russia Today. 2008 • a conference on Indo-kazakh relations organised by the kazakhstan Institute for strategic studies. The study throws light at the various alternative routes that can connect India with the region. absence of direct link with the region is one of the main impediments. • a symposium organised by afghan and Indian Ministries of external affairs. associate fellow. He has lectured on russia and central asia at various institutions in India: • on central asia at National defence college. “energy security: Prospects for India-central asia cooperation” is the new project proposed by the eurasian stUdies & iNitiAtives 29 . 2009. The project also analyses these geopolitical developments and India’s position.
socio-cultural dynamics. The study to be undertaken by Ms. CHINA sTuDIEs PROgRAMME orf’s china studies Programme got a major boost in 200809. The papers are being published. orf is also in the process of digitisation of research materials and documents on china. Having organised few conferences and talks by chinese professors in the earlier years. 2009 focusing on various aspects of the internal political scene in china. UN reforms. But now. the leadership and the ccP and the emerging .V. Brajesh Mishra and Mr. energy cooperation. Kesavan with Mr. global environment. orf organised a major conference on 21 March. Prof. Muni and suranjan das.d. “India and china: The Next decade” edited by s. K. angira sen sarma will explore the possibilities of India’s cooperation with the central asian republics in the energy sector. M. Ito Naoki. and others. Indo-Japanese relations remained almost economic in nature. counter terrorism. “India China Relations: The Border Issues and Beyond” by Mohan guruswamy & Zorawar daulet singh have been published. with the purpose of developing an electronic database to give easy access for researchers working on the subject.“Managed Chaos: The Fragility of the Chinese Miracle” by Prem shankar Jha. JAPAN sTuDIEs PROgRAMME Until a few years ago. Falguni Sen speaks at an interaction organized at the ORF India-China Centre. maritime security. Social and Cultural Scene in China’. Papers were presented by reputed scholars on important aspects like centre-Province relations. Political Minister at the Japanese Embassy. Prof. Kolkata. Ito Naoki studies Programme for the year 2009-10. they encompass a far wider range of interests like security. Rasgotra at a seminar on ‘The Political. The expanding IndoJapanese partnership will have a critical bearing on the 30 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . Three important books on china -.20 Years StudieS and initiativeS (Clockwise from top left) Mr. ORF Faculty during an interaction with Mr. china studies programme is also in the process of creating a web portal for information on china.
The programme compiled the proceedings of a special symposium on “security and strategic challenges in asia” into orf seminar series. the Minister of state for external affairs. The major objective of Japan studies Programme is to undertake in-depth studies on (a) Indo-Japanese relations: prospects. at the two-day seminar organised in New delhi on 20th and 21st of November jointly by observer research foundation and rosa Luxemburg stiftung of germany. interactions. orf is organising a semi- ORF hAs embARked ON deveLOpiNG A CONtiNUiNG pROGRAmme OF eAst AFRiCAN stUdies ANd ReseARCh. This programme is the immediate result of a successful international conference on the theme of “engaging with a resurgent africa”. FOCUsiNG ON vARiOUs issUes thAt wiLL hAve A diReCt beARiNG ON the AFRiCA GROwth stORy ANd GLObALisiNG iNdiA’s eNGAGemeNt with the CONtiNeNt. President of the Pacific forum. anand sharma. domestic politics and society. Veena sharma is in the pipeline. Mr. dr. kesavan. gave an exhaustive talk on “Japan-Us alliance in asia: challenges and Prospects” on 13 July 2008. ralph cossa. swahili music. India is more of a cultural force in africa than china. during 2009. a publication on ‘expanding Indo-Japanese relations: Implications for the asian security’ written by dr. foreign policy. Being an important official in the stUdies & iNitiAtives 31 . focusing on various issues that will have a direct bearing on the africa growth story and globalising India’s engagement with the continent. With these objectives in mind. orf’s africa Programme has as its focus on two key regions of africa with sharply contrasting profiles: the economically vibrant east africa that is rapidly integrating into the world economy and francophone africa. also gave a talk on Japan-India relations at orf on 13 March 2009. ali Mazrui flagged an important theme that recurred again and again in the discussions: the differences in the nature of India’s engagement with africa and that of china’s.” He said though India has elevated the relationship with africa to partnership level. for example. korea and russia.V. His talk focused on the latest developments in sino-Japanese relations and carried important implications for India’s role in asia. (b) developments in Japan’s relations with china. orf began the Japanese studies Programme in 2007 under the guidance of retired Jawaharlal Nehru University professor k. There is no chinese equivalent to Bollywood music which has a much wider imitation in. The programme organised another talk by dr. so. Iconic african thinker and author. Prof. (c) Japan’s foreign and security policies in general with particular reference to the Us-Japan security alliance and its ramifications for the asia-Pacific. Honolulu.BUILdINg ParTNersHIPs StudieS and initiativeS newly emerging asian economic and security structure. Naoki Ito. (e) need to provide policy alternatives to decision-makers. and (f) dissemination of data/information on current events relating to Japan. robert eldridge of the osaka University. Ito provided rare insights into the different dimensions of the bilateral partnership. as part of this programme. It is therefore essential for India to have a comprehensive understanding of Japan’s economy. on “current developments in east asia” on 2 february 2009. Well-known expert on Japan-Us relations. The Japan studies Programme also brings out a weekly monitor. orf has embarked on developing a continuing programme of east african studies and research. named orf Japan Monitor. he laid out a framework for the future Indo-Japanese partnership. issues and challenges. Political Minister at the embassy of Japan in New delhi. We organised seminars on current developments in Japan. a resource-rich region which could potentially be the richest in the world but has been mired in strife and instability. a lot still needed to be done. the Japan studies Programme has been engaged in several academic activities. (d) India-aseaN-Japan Japanese embassy. The speaker focussed on the evolution of the Us-Japan alliance and its relevance to the emerging security architecture in the asia-Pacific. Mr. AFRICA sTuDIEs PROgRAMME Taking forward the dharam Pal Memorial Lecture on ‘India and africa: strong Bonds and future Prospects’ organised in the previous year and a series of interactions. said India and africa needed to “work resolutely to meet global challenges.
conducted by Prof. Mr.” organised by orf at Hotel Taj President in Mumbai on May 31. ceo and Managing director. r. Mr. rangan Banerjee and dr. orf had undertaken a detailed study of the status of Higher engineering education in the country. Microsoft India supported the project by hosting the conferences and the seminars. Vivek Paranjpe. Mr. the study put the country’s engineering education system under the microscope. rajeev katyal. Bombay. 2008. “If India has to become a global leader.20 Years StudieS and initiativeS nar on India’s changing relationship with east africa on June 5. highlighted the need for establishing a “coherent synergy” among industry. Walchandnagar Industries. shyam kambeyanda. The panel discussion concluded with Indian and multinational manufacturing industries unanimously agreeing to play their part to bridge the gap between the engineering output of universities and industry demand. J. Microsoft corporation. ceekay-daikin. director – Projects. In recent years. IIT Bombay. This study formed the nucleus of a panel discussion. The panel comprised of Mr. director Business operations and Head of engineering design Business group.India. director general of Pd Petroleum University. Study on Engineering Education In association with the Indian Institute of Technology. Mr. shirguppi. “India’s Leadership in Manufacturing: role of engineer- ing education. k.” he emphasised. JsW steel. k. introduction of a periodic review and feedback mechanism and skill upgradation. 2009. east africa is the fastest growing region in the resource-rich continent. Pradeep chinai. aptech. chirag doshi. they agreed to actively lend a helping hand to the government in any effort that would make engineering education in the country industry-oriented. Jamshedpur and Prof. who inaugurated the conference. Managing director. academia and the government to make research more relevant. Mr. the stUdy pUt the COUNtRy’s eNGiNeeRiNG edUCAtiON system UNdeR the miCROsCOpe. s. (a detailed report on the conference in the Major Events section) iN AssOCiAtiON with the iit. Principal scientific adviser to the government of India. Study on Civil Aviation as part of its ongoing initiative to generate debate on pol- 32 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . Visiting Professor in strategic Hr Planning at XLrI. gandhinagar. Importantly. The panel discussion saw eminent industry personalities who agreed to unanimously lend their collective support and explore ways of developing healthy partnerships with engineering institutions to give a much needed fillip to research-oriented higher studies in engineering education. Pramod khera. director education. eaton corporation. the engagement has acquired a sharper business focus with top Indian businesses establishing their presence in east africa. Tandon. rolta India. The orf study has made recommendations on how to enhance the number of quality faculty by incentivising performance and quality improvement programmes. strengthening of Masters programmes through industry linkages. it must encourage its best brains to get into research. Padma Vibhushan dr. Managing director . Vinayak Muley of IIT Bombay. chidambaram. Mr. mUmbAi. kudchadker. miCROsOFt pROvided sUppORt FOR the pROjeCt. and Professor emeritus. MuMbAI CHAPTER I T Was a fruitful year for the orf Mumbai chapter as two important projects on engineering education and civil aviation received widespread appreciation from the world of academia and policy-making and support from the corporate sector. Mr. Managing director. ORF hAd UNdeRtAkeN A detAiLed stUdy OF the stAtUs OF hiGheR eNGiNeeRiNG edUCAtiON iN the COUNtRy. India has a long-standing relationship with the region and an enterprising and successful diaspora has been living there for over a century. arvind P.
this paper is the first serious attempt to understand the nuances of this crucial sector of the economy and make meaningful and implementable policy recommendations to provide a long-term roadmap for its sustainable growth. at a time when India’s domestic and international carriers have been hit hard by global economic slowdown. of India. chaired by ambassador M. Hormuz P Mama. . Trustee. consultants as well as senior authorities in the field. orf stUdies & iNitiAtives 33 . orf Mumbai also developed a detailed research paper on the status of civil aviation in the country. Mr. organized jointly with FICCI and Department of Chemicals. icy alternatives on some of the key issues that confront India. The paper has been authored by veteran aerospace journalist. (bottom) The inaugural session of a conference on ‘Pharmaceuticals 2014: Will India Leap Forward’ in Mumbai. organised at the orf campus in New delhi on december 23. This study formed the nucleus of the workshop. Govt. engaged in wide-ranging discussions and offered their valuable inputs on various aspects of civil aviation in India. distinguished fellow. • ambassador dilip Lahiri. orf centre for International relations. ‘civil aviation in India: Prospects and challenges’. the workshop had the following participants: • Mr. Lalit Bhasin. rasgotra. orf and eminent jurist . a specialist group of aviation analysts. This project was supported by Jet airways.BUILdINg ParTNersHIPs StudieS and initiativeS (Top left and top right) Panel discussion on ‘India’s Leadership in Manufacturing – Role of Engineering Education’ in Mumbai. 2008. President.
Partner. dr a M swaminathan. control risks • Ms. is a product of an orf study undertaken by veteran administrator. • scrapping of the route dispersal guidelines for the operation of the Tier II and Tier III routes. telligence. “food security: Policy options for Tamil Nadu”. the pROdUCt OF the detAiLed stUdy pROvided iNsiGhts FOR the pOLiCymAkeRs ON the GROUNd ReALities OF the mALdiviAN pOLitiCAL sitUAtiON. given that Tamil Nadu is a pioneer in food security in the country. kPMg • Ms. orf-chennai chapter. Pratik Jain. Mark d. Mr Nasheed. Later. sr. Martin. Northern region. namely. as part of the orf-chennai study on the immediate southern neighbour. as President of the opposition Maldivian democratic Party (MdP). Mr Mohammed ‘anni’ Nasheed. timely and important to policy-makers. from the Maldives. some of the key recommendations include: • reduction of sales tax on aTf by state governments to a uniform 4 per cent. Mr N sathiya Moorthy. senior consultant – Business In- • allowing India’s domestic airlines to operate international services without any mandatory requirement for domestic operations. s. CHENNAI CHAPTER ocUssINg on the study and understanding of India’s southern neighbours. khola. orf brought out the book. executive director. Head of Planning and research. in the interest of maintaining a level playing field. kapil arora. executive director. senior advisor. an analytical study on the nature and depth of the ethnic conflict in the islandnation and its multifarious relevance to. as per the international practice. corporate communications. orf-chennai had a privileged visitor in future President. the orf study has made various recommendations. former dgca • Prof. The peaking of the war in sri Lanka and the advent of democratic election process in the Maldives made the studies all the more relevant. Sri Lanka and the Ethnic War”. including ensuring a level playing field providing various tax reductions and concessions. contributing editor.20 Years StudieS and initiativeS • Mr. orf-chennai organised a series of events and undertook studies. Neelam Mathews. and elimination of the excise duty and education cess. senguttuvan. aviation analyst and consultant • Mr. • Urgent need for consolidation. radhika Vohra. P. “India. led a delegation of party leaders for an interaction with intellectuals in chennai. orf-chennai completed two other major projects during the year. H. Jitender Bhargava. satinder singh. ernst & Young • Mr. NacIL • Mr. s. director. The book. bilateral relations with India. was a guest of President Nasheed at his swearing-in ceremony in the Maldivian capital of Male. kapil kaul. 34 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . gMr group (delhi airport) • Mr. and impact on. NacIL • Mr. kohli. particularly in the context of many other states and the f the CheNNAi ChApteR beCAme the FULCRUm OF AN ORF stUdy ON the emeRGiNG sitUAtiON iN the mALdives ANd theiR ReLevANCe tO iNdiA. s. to help India’s airlines obtain a greater share of the traffic into and out of India. former dgca going into details of the present situation in the sector. d. kPMg • Mr. • Provision of aTf to India’s international airlines at the same price at which foreign airlines get it in India. The chennai chapter also became the fulcrum of an orf study on the emerging situation in the Maldives and their relevance to India. This was followed by a similar interaction with policy-planners and intellectuals in New delhi. particularly among India’s international airlines. the findings of the study have universal appeal and application. aviation Week and space Technology • Mr. focussing on the situation prevailing in those countries – and their corresponding impact on bilateral relations with India. The product of the detailed study provided insights for the policymakers on the ground realities of the Maldivian political situation and bilateral relations. if they are to withstand fierce competition from the foreign mega carriers. ceo-asia Pacific. sri Lanka and the Maldives. Brij Bharadwaj. director. caPa • Mr.
Sathiya Moorthy among others at an interaction in Chennai. shared their academic knowledge. which are sure to benefit future generations of students in the relevant fields as well. Narayan. as part of the continuing process of accessing knowledge and documenting information. The ‘Q & A’ session during a seminar in Chennai. Mr. orf-chennai organised weekly interactions on a wide variety of topics of immediate and long-term relevance to the policy-planners in the country. drawn from a cross-section of the intellectual community in the city. dr M anandakrishnan. Raman speaks at an interaction in Chennai. six-part orf study on the status of education in the country. Mr. speakers and participants in these interactions. S. Ram. N. stUdies & iNitiAtives 35 . bureaucratic experience and policy initiatives. who undertook a monumental.BUILdINg ParTNersHIPs StudieS and initiativeS (Top to bottom) Dr. central government in the country looking for policy options to ensure a hunger-free India. B. Mr. has since completed the work and submitted his reports with recommendations. A Maldivian Democratic Party delegation during an interaction in Chennai.
Conference “ORF Healthcare Expert Group Meeting”.Consulting and Building Capacity”. Falguni Sen on “Methodology of Developing a Research Agenda for ORF Healthcare” Roundtable Discussion on “India’s Leadership in Manufacturing: Role of Engineering Education ORF Ambassadors Forum Meeting on “Indo-US Nuclear Agreement” Talk by Mr. Wajahat Habibullah on “Working of Right To Information Act : Issues and Challenges” Workshop on “Civil Aviation in India : Challenges and Prospects” Mr. Brainstorming Sesion on “Executive Education. ORF-DU Summer Workshop Seminar on “Rising Inflation and Government ‘s Policy Responses”. M. Lalit Bhasin (centre) delivers the inaugural address at a seminar on ‘Civil Aviation in India: Challenges and Prospects’ with Mr. An Interaction with Prof. Rasgotra (on his left) 36 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . Sheila Dikshit on “Bhagidari Programme of the Delhi Government” Seminar on “Rising Inflation and Government ‘s Policy Responses”.20 Years StudieS and initiativeS ORF EVENTs IN 2008 – 2009 ceNTre for ecoNoMY aNd deVeLoPMeNT / ceNTre for PoLITIcs aNd goVerNaNce Date 10/4/2008 14/4/2008 19/5/2008 – 4/6/2008 23/5/-24/5/2008 4/7/2008 5/7/2008 11/7/2008 21/8/2008 10/10/2008 26/11/2008 23/12/2008 Centre/Programme Politics and Governance Economy and Governance Politics and Governance Politics and Governance Education Healthcare Healthcare Education National Politics & Governance Civil Aviation Events Talk by Smt.
Interaction with Swiss Parliamentarians’ Delegation Roundtable discussion on “Emerging Situation in Nepal : Policy Options for India” Ineractive workshop at ORF India China Centre.Gujral. Shuja Nawaz Interaction with Mr. Senior American political commentator. Dhaka. Peter Ludlow. former US State Department Ofﬁcial. Gen. Jorg Schultz’s meeting with Senior ORF Faculty Talk by Prof. David W Barno Roundtable discussion on “Current State of Chinese Studies in India”. Patricia Figueroa.BUILdINg ParTNersHIPs StudieS and initiativeS ceNTre for INTerNaTIoNaL reLaTIoNs Date 4/4/2008 8/4/2008 18/4/2008 30/4/2008 30/4/2008 2/5/2008 3/5/2008 16/5/2008 17/5/2008 22/5/2008 27/5/208 9/6/2008 16/6/2008-17/6/2008 19/6/2008 3/7/2008 8/7/2008 10/7/2008 21/7/2008 21/7/2008 25/7/2008 6/8/2008 7/8/2008 11/8/2008 22/8/2008 25/8/2008 29/8/2008 1/9/2008 2/9/2008 15/9/2008 17/9/2008 17/9/2008 19/9/2008 1/10/2008 Centre/Programme Pakistan Studies International Central Asia China Studies US Studies Central Asia International China Studies China Studies Nepal Studies Pakistan Studies US Studies Russian Studies South Asia Studies Africa Studies US Studies Maldivian Studies US Studies International Japan Studies China Studies Maldivian Studies Nepal Studies Pakistan Studies US Studies US Studies Bangladesh Studies Sri Lanka Studies Pakistan Studies Nepal Studies Nepal Studies Myanmar Studies US Studies Events Interaction with Ms. Philipp Ackermann Interaction with Mr. European Strategy Forum Roundtable discussion on “Situation in Afghanistan in the Context of Insurgency and Changing Nature of War”. the US Ambassador to Bangladesh Interaction with Amb.K. Durgesh Man Singh. sign MoU Interaction with Mr. Council for Foreign Relations. Kolkata Interaction with the Nepal Ambassador to India. Talk on “US Presidential Elections: A Visit to the Obama Campaign Headquarters” by Mr. Advisor to President of Sri Lanka Seminar on South Asia : Presentation by Wilson John on “India and Pakistan Relations : A Status Report Talk by Paul Soren on “India-Nepal Relations” Talk by Dr. I. Interaction with Opposition Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP) delegation Presentation by Prof. K Yhome on “India-Myanmar Relations” Talk by Prof. “Security of Small States Dilemma: A Maldivian Perception” by Shri. US. Jagdish Sheth on “The Tectonic Shift: The New Geo-Economic Reality” Mr. Ina Lepel. Sunimal Fernando. former Prime Minister of India. Durgesh Man Singh Talk by Mr. Daniel Markey. Hari Bansh Jha on “Evolving Nepal ‘s New Geo-Economic Growth Model”. media consultant and editor. El Salvador Ambassador to India. Conference on “Russia. on 2008 US presidential election Roundtable Discussion on “India and Central Asia: Trade Relations and Transport Linkages”. Robert D Eldridge on “Japan-US Alliance in Asia: Challenges and Prospects” ORF India China Centre (OICC) Expert Group Meeting Release of the book. James Richard Dickenson. ORF and Bangladesh Enterprise Institute. Senior Fellow. Initiator : Lt. Interaction with Mr. Head of Mission. Presentation by Dr. Swaminathan. Interaction with Dr. President. S. Hathaway on “America and the Struggle Against Extremism: George Bush and His Successor” stUdies & iNitiAtives 37 . Robert M. German Embassy in Islamabad and Dr. Nepal Ambassador to India Roundtable discussion on “Pakistan After Musharraf” Interaction with Amb. Dy. India and the Global Nuclear Order” Conference on “Does South Asia Exist? Prospects for Regionalism in South Asia” in New York Brainstorming Session on “Africa”. James F Moriarty. Dr.
Levent Bilman. Ito Naoki. “India-China Relations: The Border Issue and Beyond” by the Foreign Secretary. Ambassador of Turkey. Social and Cultural Scene in China” Mr. Tariq Karim. Political Minister at Japanese Embassy in Delhi Release of ORF publication. Roundtbale discussion on “India and the US: What Lies Ahead” by Amb. Deputy Director for South and Central Asia. Stephen Tankel ORF Ambassadors Forum meeting Interaction with Mr. US Department of State. Mr. Herbert Traxl. Ralph Cossa on “US Security Policy in East Asia” Talk by Mr. Jerome Bonnafont. Prabhakar Rana. former Ambassador of Austria to India Conference on “India-Kazakhstan Engagement: Issues and Prospects”. Soaltee Group.20 Years StudieS and initiativeS 6/10/2008 10/10/2008 14/11/2008 17/11/2008 – 18/11/2008 20/11/2008 – 21/11/2008 16/12/2008 18/12/2008 – 19/12/2008 8/1/2009 8/1/2009 17/1/2009 27/1/2009 30/1/2009 2/2/2009 16/2/2009 20/2/2009 26/2/2009 13/3/2009 19/3/2009 20/3/2009 21/3/2009 Russia Studies International International Russia Studies Africa Studies International Russia Studies Pakistan Studies International International US Studies US Studies US Studies Nepal Studies Bangladesh Studies Bangladesh Studies Japanese Studies China Studies South Asia Studies China Studies “Russia & India in Multipolar World” in Moscow ORF Ambassadors Forum meeting on “Indo-US Nuclear Agreement” Talk by Mr. Shivshankar Menon. the Ambassador of France to India Interaction with Ms. Nepal Roundtable discussion on “Bangladesh After Elections” Interaction with (two days after the BDR revolt) Amb. Corporate Chairman. Dhaka and former Bangladesh’s Ambassador to the US Interaction with Mr. Interaction with Mr. Abid Hussain (extreme right) with ORF Faculty attends a talk by Dr. Ralph Cossa (inset) 38 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . on “India and Turkey: Past and Emerging Relations” Conference on “Changing Patterns of Indo-Russian Cooperation” ORF-RLS Conference on “Engaging with a Resurgent Africa” Interaction with Mr. Teresita Schaffer Talk by Dr. Interaction with Taiwanese delegation Seminar on “The Political. Vice President of Bangladesh Enterprise Institute. Diane Kelly.
Boeing International Interaction with Mr. Roundtable discussion on “Russian Military Strategy” Interaction with Dr. Shri M. Tony Milner on “Regional Security Architecture in Asia : Role of CSCAP in ARF Track 2 Process” Brainstorming session on “India’s Interests in Central Asia : Prospects and Opportunities” Roundtable discussion on “Indo-US Nuclear Deal: Its Impact on the Emerging Asian Security Framework” Roundtable discussion on “India ‘s Defence Procurement Policy”. President. Cornell University. Opportunities and Challenges” Interaction with a delegation from State Government of Victoria. Chris Chadwick. Roundtable discussion on “ORF-NBR Joint Project” Discussion on “Response to the Terrorists Attacks at Mumbai from 26 to 28 November 2008” Talk by Dr. Peace Studies Programme MUMBaI cHaPTer Date 31. Bharath Gopalaswamy. Hamid Ansari Interaction with Mr. Mathew Shannon Stumpf. Australia Roundtable discussion on “Creation of Online Global Energy Observatory Database” Conference on “Use Downturn for Sustainable Pricing Policy Reform in the Oil Sector” CRISIL-ORF discussion on “Issues in Captive Coal Block Development in India” INsTITUTe of secUrITY sTUdIes Date 1/4/2008 14/4/2008 29/4/2008 8/5/2008 14/5/2008 9/9/2008 10/9/2008 20/10/2008 11/11/2008 25/11/2008 4/12/2008 17/12/2008 11/2/2009 21/2/2009 26/2/2009 24/3/2009 25/3/2009 Events Interaction with Mr. Sharma Roundtable discussion on “US Military in Asia’ Roundtable discussion with Prof. N Sathiya Moorthy stUdies & iNitiAtives 39 . Richard Fisher on “Chinese Military Modernisation” Conference on “Future of Conflict and Security in India ‘s Emerging Political Environment”. Even A Feigenbaum Roundtable discussion on “Development and Devolution” Interaction on “Update on Sri Lanka and Implications for India” Mr. (Retd) V.2009 Centre/Programme Education Events Seminar on “India ‘s Leadership In Manufacturing -. International Peace & Security. Roundtable discussion on “Current Situation in Pakistan” Release of ORF publication.BUILdINg ParTNersHIPs StudieS and initiativeS 31/3/2009 International Interaction with Israeli delegation ceNTre for resoUrces MaNageMeNT (crM) Date 29/5/2008 25/9/2008–26/9/2008 16/10/2008 5/2/2009 9/2/2009 5/3/2009 Events Roundtable discussion on “ORF-IEF 7th Petro India” 7th Petro India : Conference on “Gas in India: Issues.Role of Engineering Education” Conference on “Pharmaceuticals 2014: Will India Leap Forward” organised jointly by ORF. FICCI and Department of Pharmaceuticals 18/3/2008 – 19/3/2009 Healthcare cHeNNaI cHaPTer Date 3/4/2008 5/4/2008 12/4/2008 Events Speaker/s Interaction on “China and South Asia : Issues and Challenges” Dr.N. Ken Krieg and his team from the IBM Corporation. “Indian Army Vision 2020” by the Vice President of India. Release of ORF publication. Program Ofﬁcer. “The Military Factor in Pakistan” by Gen.5.
Journalist.20 Years StudieS and initiativeS 19/4/2008 26/4/2008 3/5/2008 10/5/2008 17/5/2008 24/5/2008 31/5/2008 7/6/2008 14/6/2008 21/6/2008 23/6/2008 5/7/2008 9/7/2008 11/7/2008 19/7/2008 2/8/2008 9/8/2008 14/8/2008 18/8/2008 Interaction on “Developing Soft Skills for Industrial India : Challenges and Solutions” Interaction on “Food Security: Issues and Perspective” Interaction on “Terrorism in South-East Asia” Interaction on “India: The Threat and Sources of Inflation” Interaction on “Nationalism in the Age of Globalisation” Interaction on “Converting Disaster into Opportunity : Lessons from Chinese Earthquake” Interaction on “Demand based Approach to India’s Energy Security” Interaction on “Portends from Karnataka Polls” Interaction on “Tamil Nadu Police Bill 2008” Interaction on “New Initiatives in Nuclear Disarmament” Seminar on “Targetting Terrorism” Interaction on “Coalition Karma and Coordination Dharma” Discussion on “Developments in Maldives” Dr. Col. New Delhi Discussion on “Fishing in the Palk Strait: A Sri Lankan Dr. Hassan Afeef. Mr. ORF Chennai Mr. Murari. the Unfolding Scenario” Mr. former Chief Election Commissioner Interaction on “The War and Terror and Great Power Relations Mr. Swati Parashar Check: Jammu & Kashmir” Interaction on “Situation in Nepal and Implications for India” Dr. National Institute of Technical Education and Research Mr. CV Narasimhan. IPS (Retd. Department of GeograPerspective” phy. Dr. DS Rajan. IAS (Retd) Dr. Santasilan Kadirgamar. Director (Retd). Asian College of Journalism. Washington DC Interaction on “Sri Lankan Siuation: An Update” Mr. Chennai Interaction on “India-Maldives Relation: Impressions from Male” Mr. Mohamed Zuhair 23/8/2008 30/8/2008 15/9/2008 20/9/2008 27/9/2008 4/10/2008 11/10/2008 16/10/2008 1/11/2008 8/11/2008 15/11/2008 20/11/2008 Interaction with Australian delegates Interaction on “Sri Lanka. Mr. Krishna Ananth. GOI) Interaction on “Unfolding Scenario in Pakistan and Implications Dr. Institute of Peace for India” and Conflict Studies (IPCS). GOI Mr. of India Interaction on “US Financial Crisis and Implications for India Mr. Cabinet Secretariat. Gen. Sri Lanka Interaction on “India. Deccan Herald. Deputy Director. GOI Dr. TS Krishnamurthy. Cabinet Secretariat. Ibrahim Hussain Zaki. Mr. VR Raghavan Mr. Special Correspondent. Govt. Srikantha and Sivaji Lingam. Journalist and Academic Mr. DS Rajan. Cabinet Secretariat. China and the Indo-US Nuclear Deal” Mr. British High Commissioner to Sri Lanka at Colombo 40 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . K Subramaniam. Vikram Rajakumar Mr. K Subramaniam. GOI Interaction on “US Presidential Polls : Candidates and Issues” Ms. Ravichandra Sundaralingam. Augustine Susai Siluvaithasan. Director. Mr. University of Jaffna. Devasahayam. Colombo Interaction on “Militancy and Terrorism: Securing the South” Dr. Gopalji Malviya Interaction on “Anti-Defenction Law and Democratic Process” Mr. Jodi Edna. Hariharan. ORF Chennai Interaction on “Sri Lankan Situation” Dr. Suba Chandran. University of London Interaction on “Reality Ms. MR Venkatesh. V Thanikachalam. Chennai Mr. Sri Lankan Members of Parliament belonging to the Tamil Nationalist Alliance Interaction on “India-US Relations under the New American Mr. N Sathiya Moorthy. N Sathiya Moorthy. Mohammed Nashi. Andrew T Simkin. AK Venkata Subramanian Mr. former Director. Syed Ali Mujtaba. ex-MI-IPKF. S Chandrasekharan. former Finance Secretary. former Joint Secretary (Finance). SAAG (ex-Additional Secretary. FCA and Indians” Interaction on “WTO And Food Security” Mr. Peter Hayes. Academic. the US Consul-General for South Presidency” India. Naseem Ahmed. Arabinda Acharya in Asia: Closing the Unipolar Moment” Interaction on “Sri Lanka : Reality Check” Mr.) Lt. Director.
RS Vasan (formerly East Zonal Director. Roundtable discussion on “Reuniﬁcation Issue: Impressions from Taiwan”. former Special Secretary & Director General (Security). Advocate. IPS (Retd). California. stUdies & iNitiAtives 41 . LV Krishnan. USA Interaction on “Beyond Bangladesh Polls” Mr. Madras High Court.) Jasjit Singh at a seminar on ‘US Military Strategy’. during a talk on ‘Chinese Military Modernisation’ 22/11/2008 29/11/2008 6/12/2008 13/12/2008 20/12/2008 23/12/2008 27/12/2008 3/1/2009 24/1/2009 7/2/2009 21/2/2009 28/2/2009 7/3/2009 14/3/2009 Interaction on “The Economic Crisis and the Obama Response” Dr. Director. (Retd. Ex MI. T Anantachari. Cabinet Secretariat. Chair. former Indian envoy to Japan Perspective” Interaction on “Post Mumbai Anti-terror Laws: Effectiveness Dr. Roundtable discussion on “Kashmir Today”. Vepa Khosla. Dennis Appleyard. India Studies Foundation.BUILdINg ParTNersHIPs StudieS and initiativeS Dr. Pleasanton. V. North Carolina. Patankar (Retd. Kamlendra Kanwar.) and Dr. USA Roundtable discussion on “Pakistan ‘s ‘No First-Use ‘ Doctrine”. of Economics. BSF Interaction on”Emerging Issues in Sri Lanka” Col. Davidson College. Rajeswari Rajagopalan and Air Cdre. and Inadequacies” Chennai Interaction on “Ensuring the Safety and Security of Nuclear Mr. Interaction on “Lessons from Mumbai” RS Swaminathan. IPS (Retd). Richard Fisher Jr.G. Hariharan. Nuclear Scientist Installations” Interaction on “Great Power Rivalry over Indian Subcontinent” Dr. Gen. former DG. Dept. Aftab Seth. IPKF Roundtable discussion on “Effective Border Management”. Journalist & Writer Interaction on “Emerging Dimensions in Maritime Security” Comd. (right) Lt. GoI Interaction on “Five State Polls in Perspective” Mr. Geeta Madhavan. Coast Guard at Chennai) Interaction on “India-Japan Relations : A Regional and Global Amb.
a 126-member body designed to provide the russian Duma with advice on public policy and oversight of governmental bodies and the executive branch. economic. BrIC can evolve only if the focus was on common positions and interests and bilateral differences were kept out. as russia’s national heritage and a significant aspect of russian and world culture. four were from the OrF led . It consists of appointees of Mr. The influential russian figure behind the conference was Nikonov Vyacheslav.20 Years Full calendar A Panorama of Major Events & Activities ORF paRticipates in MOscOw BRic cOnFeRence Observer research Foundation (OrF) was invited to put together a group from India for the Moscow BrIC conference by the Polity Foundation. with strong presence from the russian academy of science and the Foreign Office. there was a clear recognition that BrIC are not “natural allies” and there were serious intraBrIC disputes and differences in world view that severely restricted the area for coordinated BrIC action. The russian team for that meeting was led by Nikonov Vyacheslav. established in June 2007 by a Presidential decree for the purpose of “promoting the russian language. rangachari. scientific and 42 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . Putin’s Presidency in 2005. provide a critical mass of common interests making it advantageous for all four countries to persevere with periodic BrIC meetings and increasing its visibility and coordination. OrF and Polity have earlier organised a bilateral event on “Changing Patterns of Indo-russian Cooperation” in Delhi on Nov 17-18. 2008. and included amb.” The Foundation is a joint project of the Ministry of Foreign affairs and the Ministry of education and science and supported by both public and private funds. The participants were all from the BrIC countries. There was general recognition that the size and weight of the BrIC countries would count internationally when they acted together. and national and regional NGOs and works through 17 Commissions. who is executive Director of the russkiy Foundation. This unity would also operate on important principles like democratisation of the international order. taken together. There were various suggestions on the need to increase the density of political. The Chinese particularly emphasised this issue. The Chinese invitees were from the wellknown China Centre for Contemporary World studies.a. opposition to unilateralism etc. and supporting russian language teaching programmes abroad. The conference was funded and serviced by the russkiy Mir Foundation. There was high-powered russian participation.C.T. Putin. by amb. This had been demonstrated at the recent sao Paulo meeting to prepare for the Washington summit to deal with the economic meltdown and plans for reforming the international economic architecture. one of the principal russian organisers. was created under russian law during Mr. President of the Polity Founda- tion and Chairman of the Commission on International Cooperation and Diplomacy of the Public Chamber. The Brazilians were mainly senior ex-Foreign Office. in which the rise of BrIC had been a prominent topic of discussion. evidently. now affiliated with the Centre of Third World studies of Jamia Milia and Mohan Guruswamy. Of the six Indian participants. On the other hand. Dilip Lahiri. the President of the Polity foundation. The Public Chamber. Charman of the Centre for Policy alternatives. The Moscow conference was organised jointly by the Public Chamber of the russian Federation and the Polity Foundation. Distinguished Fellow. and.
human resource development. rIC (russia. India. the resur- MAJOR eVeNtS 43 . On the whole. south africa). at least in its earlier overwhelming manifestation. ali Mazrui. plans for a missile shield in Poland and the proposed expansion of NaTO to Ukraine. Varying degrees of concern was expressed that BrIC should exercise great care to avoid being seen as opposed to Us or the West or other existing groupings. BrIC had to be sensitive to the views and interests of smaller and less developed countries. The russians. the rise of BrIC weight and influence was unlikely to be universally welcome. and the setting up of a sherpa system for developing an agenda for the summit. who said India and africa needed to “work resolutely to meet global challenges. Questions were raised relating to overlapping and duplication in the objectives of various existing non-OeCD groupings such as BrIC. commissioning policy papers. and the strategy of diversification of engagement with the outside world. the russians expressed deep concern at the developments in Georgia. However the general feeling was that BrIC should not pitch itself as the voice of non-OeCD countries. called for recently by the russian and Brazilian Presidents. Brazil. the non-OeCD members of G20 and suggestions for a more inclusive BrICsaM (BrIC + south africa + Mexico). There was a general feeling among the participants that unipolarity. which could involve it in non-productive discussions at this stage on representativeness. anand sharma. Political and economic Concerns and Interests of the eU and India in sub-saharan africa. at the same time. organised their annual international conference this year on the theme of “engaging with a resurgent africa” in New Delhi on 20th and 21st of November. V) Conflict management and governance in africa There were five master-themes that ran like the leitmotif throughout the two-day discussions. First. The Minister dwelt at length on India’s development-centric approach to africa that revolves around capacity building. III) Principal strategic. Iconic african thinker and author. Mr. are expected to take the initiative on these matters. and other tasks. since BrIC countries would work for change in the current international political and security architecture. is expected to take place in June 2009 at Yekaterinberg in russia. at the same time it was pointed out that. China). the feeling was that there may be advantage for non-OeCD countries in such multiple groupings with variable geometry in the present fluid situation regarding the future of the international architecture. There were suggestions that the Moscow conference could convert itself to a preparatory committee for the summit. consultation and coordination.BUILDING ParTNersHIPs Major EvEnts cultural cooperation among BrIC countries and develop the practice of regular meetings. The first BrIC summit. the G8 non-OeCD dialogue partners. On the other hand. it was recognised that such cooperation had to be viable due its intrinsic value and could not be sustained principally on the back of the current degree of priority attached by the four governments to developing BrIC as a factor in international politics. In this context. 2008. BrIC’s importance was due to the size and weight of the four countries. scholarships to students and lines of credit to spur infrastructural development in african countries that sets it apart from the profit and commerce-driven approach of other players. expansion and criteria. who will naturally bear the major responsibility for the success of the first BrIC summit. II) Paradigms of external engagement with sub-saharan africa.” The Minister said though India has elevated the relationship with africa to partnership level. education. a lot still needed to be done. There was some talk of the need for BrIC to include others countries such as south africa. to be effective. for the designation of nodal points in each country for intra-BrIC coordination. He said the Government is working with africa to strengthen cooperation especially in the areas of information technology. Dr. is a thing of the past and that we live in an increasingly multipolar world where nations must respect one another’s core interests and concerns. BrIC countries only represented themselves. agriculture. where the BrIC Foreign Ministers had first met together earlier this year. the strategy of domestication. The two-day conference was divided into five sessions: 1) The Mosaic of africa. The conference began with the inaugural address from the Minister of state for external affairs. He provided an imaginative multi-pronged plan for africa’s resurgence and renewal that included the strategy of indigenisation. IV) Opportunities for constructing win-win situations by reconciling business profitability with broader social objectives in external engagement. enGaGinG with a ResuRGent aFRica OrF and rosa Luxemburg stiftung. and others. Germany. weighed at present disproportionately in favour of the Us-led OeCD countries. IBsa (India. infrastructure. delivered the keynote address. or adapting alien concepts and institutions like universities to make it more germane and effective in the african context.
India is more of a cultural force in africa than China. secondly. how “resurgence” is defined and who defines it impinges on the kind of africa that will emerge in the 21st century. He focussed on the role of religion.20 Years Major EvEnts gence or renewal of africa is inextricably linked with the idea of africa. some of whom colonised african countries. africa today is faced with a choice of familiar european powers. There is no Chinese equivalent to Bollywood music which has a much wider imitation in. Prof Osita eze from Nigeria said it will be difficult for India and europe to cooperate in africa as they are perceived differently in the continent largely due to the history of colonialism that marks europe’s encounter with africa. seen and defined by its suitors and partners and what it does for africa’s quest for self-reliance. with their different histories of engagement. cooperate in partnering africa? There were diverse opinions. Brazil and others. mis-governance and megalomaniac dictators and self-serving elites. but that will depend on how these multiple relationships are harnessed to achieve national objectives of individual african countries. He spoke incisively about India and China competing with the West with their different approaches to engaging with africa. He also hoped that India will not be seduced into the trap of focusing only Participants at a meeting on BRIC (Brazil Russia India China) in Moscow. technology. and emerging powers and economies like India. he advocated a strategy of vertical penetration – India and africa should join hands to penetrate the citadels of power in the developed world to compel more attention to the south and developing countries. Can europe and India. The fourth theme focused on a cluster of negative factors that could inhibit africa’s onward march: these included chronic conflicts and civil wars. Mazrui also flagged an important theme that recurred again and again in the discussions: the differences in the nature of India’s engagement with africa and that of China’s. services and ideas. the lack of democracy and transparency that constrains the flow of foreign investment and an unconstrained engagement with a neo-liberal world driven by free commerce in goods. as Dr Mazrui said in his keynote address. The choice of multiple partners could be liberating. Just like a bad marriage and a dysfunctional relationship could be traumatic for partners concerned. development and a bigger voice in international fora which have long been the preserve of Western powers. the choice of partners that africa makes could be central to the continent’s destiny in a globalised 21st century world. He also spoke about the strategy of horizontal inter-penetration that included a more robust engagement of africa with the Third World and asia. economy and empires as the key drivers of world history. Russia 44 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . Dr. in international affairs too a misconceived partnership or a flawed assessment of partners’ values and intentions could spell disaster. The third session on principal strategic. China. for example. most prominently in the second session dealing with paradigms of external engagement with sub-saharan africa. There may be more Chinese restaurants in the world than Indian but Chinese influence has been less of an influence on cuisines of other countries. Most important. Is India in competition with China. swahili music. ali Mazrui set the tone for the seminar in his keynote address. or are they rivals or can they cooperate with each other in africa – these questions figured again in subsequent sessions. political and economic concerns and interests of the eU and India in sub-saharan africa tried to explore the possibilities of convergence and prospects of cooperation between India and europe in different sectors in the continent. how africa is imaged. Thirdly.
although conflicts have been reduced in absolute numbers. Oil wealth can be harnessed creatively for fulfilling developmental aspirations of people and can become an integral part of the africa resurgence story. ARe tHeY RIVALS OR CAN tHeY COOpeRAte WItH eACH OtHeR IN AFRICA—tHeSe QUeStIONS FIGUReD MOSt pROMINeNtLY IN tHe SeSSION DeALING WItH pARADIGMS OF eXteRNAL eNGAGeMeNt WItH SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA. China and Brazil who are scaling up engagement with africa. africa has also set an example in regional integration. there are enormous problems holding back the promise of an african renaissance: pervasive poverty. Dictatorial leaders and selfserving elites have further accentuated this rich-poor divide. Dr Helmut Markov. the ongoing conflicts in the Democratic republic of Congo. But. which has sparked a new great power game with leading countries competing for africa’s hydrocarbons. It was generally felt that africa was on the cusp of an exciting moment of transformation and renewal that promises to break away from past patterns of exploitation and systematic stereotyping. MAJOR eVeNtS 45 . somalia and Darfur are all-too-real and can affect africa’s resurgence. education and health are going up. Head. great possibilities and at the same time faces great. There are more democracies than before and there is a peer review mechanism to call to account deviants. For all the rhetoric about african solutions for african problems. On the minus side. The costs of the conflict are huge: some $250-300 billion have been sunk in these conflicts which is probably more than half of the total GDP of sub-saharan africa. african countries today have more choice of partners which gives them freedom to engage with those countries which suit their interests best among the established former colonial partners who continue to be heavily engaged with africa and major emerging economies like India. The perils of the increasing rich-poor divide can’t be exaggerated. He argued that the existing mechanisms for dealing with wars. as Cyril Obi elucidated in his paper. The regional economic communities and the african Union are tangible steps in this direction. eating into the vital organs of african society and system. On the plus side.BUILDING ParTNersHIPs Major EvEnts on resource extraction in africa and would concentrate on mutually beneficial empowerment. great difficulties. some have even called it the oil curse or resource curse. Investments in infrastructure. at rosa Luxemburg Foundation said: “africa is a continent with great. Corruption is endemic. Both Prof Yash Tandon and James sikhwati spoke insightfully on this subject. He suggested that africa decouple itself from the pernicious process of globalisation dictated by Western capitalist powers and institutions created by them and argued strongly for ending aid P IS INDIA IN COMpetItION WItH CHINA. “We are on the road to self-reliance and it’s time we stopped accepting definitions from outside”. continuing civil wars. the african Union peace and security structure is dependent on funding from outside which enables outsiders to shape africa’s security and governance agenda. Most important perhaps. Mathews spoke insightfully about the challenges of governance and conflict management in the continent. conflicts and crises are inadequate. there is no point blaming oil for sparking new conflicts and competition in africa. International relations. is the persisting problem of aid dependence that makes african countries vulnerable to all kinds of manipulation from outside and impossible demands like structural adjustment programmes that have proved ruinous for many african economies. rOF YasH TaNDON came out with some radical ideas for transforming the nature of africa’s engagement with the outside world. He said that although barely 13 km separate europe and africa through the straits of Gibraltar. has been a mixed blessing. and India is thousands of miles away. africa feels a greater closeness of mind and spirit with India.” Prof K. he underlined. another constraining factor is the lack of the development of a black middle class and a black capitalist class. It’s not geography. Oil. he said. but the nature of the relationship that matters. ethnic fratricide and violence with huge economic and human costs that go with them. dependency that has become a bigger and more deadly virus than HIV. there are many factors spurring the african resurgence: economic reforms initiated by some sub-saharan countries and a conscious effort to improve the quality of governance and leadership in african countries.
“What do people see when they see africa? Minerals. The idea was to see how south asia compared with other experiences in asia and europe and explored different perspectives on regionalism from south asia. 46 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . The speakers also examined the interests of other powers in south asia. entail a return to the foundational texts of african culture and society. Great Powers Interest and south asian regionalism. south asia’s Visions of regionalism.” The conference was brought to an appropriate close by a stimulating valedictory address of shri Lalit Mansingh. who traced the evolution of India’s foreign policy towards africa since Indian The Walter H. shorenstein asia-Pacific research Center (aParC) of stanford University and Observer research Foundation co-sponsored a conference entitled “Does south asia exist? . Anand Sharma.” said shikhwati provocatively. independence. a recurring theme of which was the lack of adequate human and financial resources and focus. The conference examined the prospects for regionalism in south asia. but not people. It’s important at this moment to pause and examine whose narrative we are describing here: africa’s or the way we construct and imagine africa to be. in turn. timber. There were five panels for discussions leading with the first one on Comparative Histories of regional Integration. followed by India’s role in south asian regional Integration. and Mr. Yash Tandon pointed out that most of our analyses and commentary about africa is based on Western sources and statistics by Western institutions like the IMF and World Bank. which is now beginning to be corrected. there was considerable and intense debate on this subject during the two-day conference held at stanford University’s Bechtel Conference Hall on June 19 and 20. It is this lack of focus on primary sources in understanding and interpreting african culture and society that has created a knowledge gap or epistemological distortions about africa. It’s been indeed a long journey from the time when africa was famously dubbed by The Economist magazine as “Hopeless Continent” and the way it is seen now as “Continent of Hope. Jorg Schultz at the ORF-RLS conference. (right) Iconic African thinker Dr.Prospects for regionalism in south asia. former Foreign secretary. Obstacles to and Drives of regional Integration and finally. The conference was third in a series of similar academic conferences organised by shorenstein aParC. The earlier conferences were on Northeast asia and southeast asia and had lead to important edited volumes published by The Brookings Institution press.20 Years Major EvEnts (Left) Mr. How does one find one’s way to the real africa that is not “a dark toy in the carnival of others”? The answer to this question will determine what kind of renaissance and resurgence africa will witness in the days to come.” as the title suggests. Ali A Mazrui with Mr. Surendra Singh at the ORF-RLS seminar on ‘Engaging with a Resurgent Africa’.. keeping in mind the various factors that push towards greater regional integration as well as obstacles to regionalism. India as the largest power in the region featured prominently. This process of cultural recovery would. This is also the point Prof Girijesh Pant made when he said that africa is not a fixed concept but is constantly evolving. 2008. DOes sOuth asia exist? There is also the need for a cultural flowering or renaissance in africa that involves a return to one’s roots and the reclamation of africa’s multi-layered heritage. Minister of State for External Affairs.
Falguni sen. and Finland. Glenn saldanha. earlier. secretary. FICCI in his welcoming remarks observed that the Pharmaceutical sector will be less impacted by the economic slowdown. strategic thinkers. advisor (Healthcare) to OrF and Professor of Management at Fordham University. as a part of this effort. which still controls the civil aviation sector in India. government officials and other key stakeholders to deliberate issues for the future of the Pharmaceutical Industry with particular emphasis on the vital area of drug discovery in India. It is estimated that the annual expense towards achieving the aspirational innovation hub status would be as much as $2 billion. and economists from India. it will see cost containment and its impact on r&D projects. while initiating a discussion on “Civil aviation in India: Challenges and Prospects” organised by OrF in New Delhi on December 23. Pakistan. Director & CeO. industry and industry associations in this area. The Jan aushadhi campaign of the department has made available quality drugs at affordable prices through dedicated stores in some states. Government of India. Concluding the session. Minis. Bhasin said the aircraft act was an obsolete piece of legislation and it needed to be replaced with a comprehensive act as soon as possible. 2009. The purpose of the conference was to review and analyse the opportunities and shortcomings in this area and to work on a way forward to achieve a prominent place in the global pharmaceuticals industry. Department of Pharmaceuticals. 2008. Overhaul civil aviation sector: Experts experts have sought a new. shared the proposed initiatives for making India one of the top five global pharmaceutical innovation hubs by 2020. China. This led to a detailed action plan to accomplish the stated roles of the government. try of Chemicals and Fertilisers. although. sri Lanka. Lalit Bhasin. He expressed hope that this forum would provide the stimulus to the government and all other stakeholders of the pharmaceutical industry to take concerted steps to make India globally competitive in this crucial sector. The conference was followed by a closeddoor meeting between industry leaders. Mr.000 high-end jobs for scientists and specialists. Prof. financial incentives and models as well as a favorable regulatory model for drug / molecule discovery. He said that although the MAJOR eVeNtS 47 . Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Ltd and Chairman. organised a two-day conference on “Pharmaceuticals 2014 : Will India Leap Forward?” in Mumbai on 18th and 19th of March. National Pharmaceuticals Committee. Mr. and this campaign will be extended to other states. Bangladesh. and also provide the country with low cost healthcare for chronic and life threatening ailments including some of the neglected diseases. one of the key strengths that we have. He said the economic and social returns of the proposal are estimated to create 500. the government will deliberate action on four fronts – infrastructure and manpower. academicians. a senior supreme Court lawyer. he said. ashok Kumar. Mg. The global economic slowdown presents an opportunity for the Indian industry to work on low-cost medicines. PPP. inDia wiLL Be One OF tOp FiVe GLOBaL phaRMa innOVatiOn huBs OrF FICCI and Department of Pharmaceuticals. comprehensive law to replace the obsolete aircraft act 1934. Mr. This suggestion was first voiced by Mr. AFRICAN COUNtRIeS tODAY HAVe MORe CHOICe OF pARtNeRS WHICH GIVeS tHeM FReeDOM tO eNGAGe WItH tHOSe COUNtRIeS WHICH SUIt tHeIR INteReStS BeSt AMONG tHe eStABLISHeD FORMeR COLONIAL pARtNeRS WHO CONtINUe tO Be HeAVILY eNGAGeD WItH AFRICA AND MAJOR eMeRGING eCONOMIeS LIKe INDIA. for which a substantial public private partnership would be required. The secretaries to the Departments of Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology welcomed this initiative and promised their full cooperation to ensure that the proposed action points were further fine tuned through a sustained dialogue process and implemented expeditiously. agreed that the industry is in a transitional phase and emphasised that ethics and therefore public trust would emerge as a key competitive advantage for companies for product acceptance and approvals. the Us.BUILDING ParTNersHIPs Major EvEnts Participants included eminent scholars.
Mr. He said the role of the airport authority of India.s. organised by ORF and Stanford University in New York suggesting a change in the Government policy. there is no mention of the word DGCa in the entire act. which is a virtual monopoly now and levies extraordinary rates on licensees. saying DGCa has its own vested interests. He suggested a mechanism like an advisory body which consists of users as well. Khola blamed the unplanned growth in the sector for all the ills prevailing now.20 Years Major EvEnts DGCa (Directorate General of Civil aviation) controls everything in the civil aviation sector. noting that what the government gains through higher taxes on aTF for India’s airlines is more than offset by the loss to the country through Indian passengers flying on foreign carriers as their fare money is repatriated. the study has made various recommendations. “the industry is in the ICU and on oxygen.” He suggested multiple airports with multiple runways in big cities. that Government should allow India’s domestic airlines to operate international services without further delay. Mr. Going into details of the present situation in the sector. according to Mr. “India’s international airlines should get aTF at the same price at which foreign airlines get it in India. Mr. 48 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . Khola and Mr. as elsewhere in the world. Khola. H. It also recommends. Mr. satinder singh. from increasing costs to lack of infrastructure. Mr. DGCa should be separated to make them more effective. as well as other participants. instead of the highly capital-intensive bigger airports and big planes. Bhasin also stressed the need to have a complete re-look into the various laws. A group photo during the conference on ‘Does South Asia Exist?—Prospects For Regionalism in South Asia’. The need for a new comprehensive law was underlined by former Director Generals of DGCa. satinder singh said focus should now be given to creating hubs with smaller planes and small airports. He also impressed on the need for regulations on air routes as well as the economic front. and it may not be able to survive. The discussion was based on a study made by OrF . He said incentives should also be offered to small players who can create lots of employment and earn sufficient revenue. including ensuring a level playing field providing various tax reductions and concessions. also a Trustee of OrF suggested that various functions of the . airlines are allowed to launch international operations from day one. among other things.” the report said. Bhasin. especially the labour laws which still cover even highly paid engineers and pilots who come under the definition of workmen. required an in-depth study.
The panel discussion.BUILDING ParTNersHIPs Major EvEnts Public-Private partnership way forward for engineering education some of the country’s most prominent scientists. Delivering an insightful keynote address at this gathering.” Prof. anjan Das. ramamurthy.” Prof. s. Director. IsrO and the IITs should take the lead in the creation of research universities in India. sharma of Delhi College of engineering did . IIT-Delhi and former secretary. Jamia Millia Islamia. P. “It is critical to build a scholarly environment within the engineering education system. researcher. Prof. senior Director and Head of Technology and IPr Division.” He also advocated the need to nurture an environment of research at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. sharma. anuj sinha of the National Council for science and Technology Communication. Partnerships between industry. not mince words while criticising the restrictions on the functioning of the universities. autonomy will help us unlock the intellectual power of these institutions. K. Whether we are able to realise this potential will largely depend on the size and the quality of our engineering manpower. NassCOM. Faculty of engineering and Technology. IIT Delhi and former Director. Chairman. samir Brahmachari. CII. rajeev Katyal. Brahmachari said. B. former Vice Chancellor. 2008. academia and government are critical in this context. IIT. The participants in the panel discussion were the following: Prof. academicians. Mr. which witnessed a stimulating exchange of views among the participants. He said. rajdeep sherawat. Director education. at a panel discussion on ‘India’s Leadership in Manufacturing: role of engineering education’ organised by OrF at its campus in New Delhi on august 21. Mr. Presenting the salient findings and key policy recommendations made by the OrF study. N. tHeRe IS NO MeNtION OF tHe WORD DGCA IN tHe eNtIRe ACt. Professor emeritus. Dr. Jawaharlal Nehru University and former Member. MR. Dr. DsT. Director General of the Council of scientific and Industrial research (CsIr). P B. policymakers and industry leaders have pledged to come together to explore ways to strengthen researchoriented higher studies in engineering education in India. Department of science and Technology. Bombay and Mr. srivastava. LALIt BHASIN SUGGeSteD tHAt VARIOUS FUNCtIONS OF tHe DGCA SHOULD Be SepARAteD. “India has the potential to become a global technology giant and lead the world in manufacturing. adviser and Head. jee. eminent participants concluded that the engineering education system in the country was broken. Prof. we have no choice but to engage the Indian industry in Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) to enhance the quality of engineering education through an integrated approach. “We have to the break the conventional barriers and upgrade the quality of education imparted in the existing engineering institutions first. and it was time that all stakeholders united in their efforts to “repair” it. Chopra. Prof. rangan Banerjee said. Planning Commission. IIT Kharagpur. Director. Government of India. lamented the lack of a scholarly environment in today’s engineering education system. Mr. Head of the Department of energy science and engineering. abid Haleem. r. Prof. SAYING DGCA HAS ItS OWN VeSteD INteReStS. was based on a study report on engineering education in India commissioned by OrF and conducted by Professor rangan Baner- tHOUGH tHe DGCA CONtROLS eVeRYtHING IN tHe CIVIL AVIAtION SeCtOR. Chopra of IIT Delhi highlighted the current constraints on the educational system and called for total autonomy for all premier institutions of engineering education excellence in the country. Mr. P. said that one of the ways to tide over the shortage of faculty would be to involve bodies like the National Institute of Technical Teachers’ Training and research (NITTTr) to set up internship programmes MAJOR eVeNtS 49 . and Dr. V. “We need an environment where total autonomy would breed competition among all IITs and other educational institutions. D. National Board of accreditation for engineering and Technology. somashekar. L. Vice-President. anuj sinha. Vinayak Muley. Chairman. This will certainly not happen in a business-as-usual scenario. BarC. Delhi College of engineering. For this. Maharaja agrasen Institute of Technology. Mr. Prof. Board of Governors. Microsoft.” He urged that premier educational and research institutions like CsIr. National Council for science and Technology Communication.
s C Tripathi.” he said. surendra singh. at present. Prof. secretary. Welcoming the gathering. was centred around the following themes: Domestic supply-Demand Balance. This will be possible only if the number of PhDs and research publications in the field of computer science is considerably enhanced. The first panel discussion. “something on the lines of NassCOM and the work that it is doing should start across the spectrum of the industry. together with the Department of science and Technology and the HrD Ministry. reliance Industries. Mr. had highlighted the need for establishing a “coherent synergy” among industry. rajeev Katyal of Microsoft echoed the views of the participants and emphasised the need for the academic ecosystem and industry to collectively solve the problem of faculty shortage. Mr. Imported Piped Gas. access and Pricing of City Gas. He informed that NassCOM. He said that modern technological tools like e-learning and web-based learning modules should be exploited to successfully implement a faculty development programme. Mr. academia and the government to make research more relevant. V K sibal. highlighted the need for policies that will enable the sector to respond to the fundamental forces of demand and supply. 2008. rabi Bastia. In his Keynote address. Opportunities and Challenges” OrF and the India energy Forum jointly organised a conference on ‘Gas in India: Issues. MoPNG. not just IT applications. Gas Infrastructure & allied Issues Gas. “To remain globally competitive. r s Pandey. Mr. set the stage for the conference with a snapshot of policy developments in the Natural Gas sector.” he said. highlighted the achievements in the sector while also pointing out the challenges that remain to be addressed. 2008 in New Delhi. Lauding the OrF study. India will have to create innovative IT technology. Opportunities & Challenges’ on september 25 & 26. was organised in Mumbai on May 31. LNG. Director General. Mr. Padma Vibhushan Dr. anjan Das of CII urged OrF and Prof. The first day of the conference. Principal scientific adviser to the Government of India. This panel discussion was the second in a series of such meetings being organised to discuss and debate the findings and recommendations made by the OrF study. Industry leaders representing the entire spectrum of the industry had unanimously agreed to do everything possible to help the academia and government to bridge the gap between the engineering output of universities and industry demand. r. DGH presented an optimistic picture and observed that India had the potential to become self-reliant for gas in the longer term. had prepared a blueprint to establish autonomous triple IITs based on PPP models to help the industry overcome this problem. Opening the plenary session on Domestic Natural Gas Demand and supply. David Victor from stanford presented global developments in the Natural Gas sector and demonstrated how Natural Gas in the form of LNG is emerging as a global commodity capable of responding to a dynamic market. In his opening remarks. 7th petRO inDia 2008 “Gas in India – Issues. 50 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . VP & Head of the India energy Practice at a T Kearney. Tech students to the rigours of the industry as part of their study courses. Delhi. Banerjee to do another study to map the demand side of the output in terms of postgraduates from engineering colleges in the country.20 Years Major EvEnts where future faculty would get exposure to actual working environment. senior VP. Vikas Kaushal. with the objective to get a firsthand industry feedback. presented the nuances in the Indian Natural Gas market and predicted that that the market would evolve under the influence of multiple forces and would gradually shift from being consolidated to one dominated by a number of players. former secretary. Tech and M. Policy & regulatory Issues. regulation. Infrastructure. organised at Hotel Hyatt regency. the research done in this area is not worth even mentioning compared to global figures. Chidambaram. The second day was devoted to Issues of Policy. Mr. rajdeep sherawat of NassCOM said that India’s IT sector was currently investing Us $1 billion per annum in the basic training of new recruits as a vast majority of them did not have basic job skills at the time of joining. He also underlined the need to make the engineering curriculum more in sync with industry demands and expose B. Mr. Mr. eloquently described how players in the private sector had successfully invalidated the myth of scarcity of hydrocarbon resources in India. Pricing & Utilization Policies. President of OrF Centre for Politics and Governance and former Cabinet secretary to the Government of India. Mr. He urged that India should start a National Faculty Development Programme to ensure that quality teachers are made available to all the present and proposed engineering colleges and institutions. Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas (MoPNG). LNG & CBM. who inaugurated the conference.
Maharashtra Natural Gas Ltd. adani energy Ltd. Opening the session on Gas Infrastructure and allied Issues. L Mansingh. r suresh. Partner & Head of Global energy. UK. sham sunder. gave a historical account of how policy evolved in the Natural Gas sector. presented an elegant argument in favour of ‘imputed value’ as the basis for pricing natural gas in order to maximise the wealth of the nation. Vice President & Head India energy Practice. sr. Member. The conference closed with a panel discussion on the Challenges & Opportunities in City Gas Distribution in which Mr. B s Negi. presented the details of the provisions in the PNGrB act which included details on access Code. called on the regulator to play an active role so as to ensure a conducive environment for gas infrastructure development. Mr. PNGrB. LNG Business. Mr. Mr. said that the gas business in India was undergoing a metamorphic change for the better. Mr. RABI BAStIA eLOQUeNtLY DeSCRIBeD HOW pLAYeRS IN tHe pRIVAte SeCtOR HAD SUCCeSSFULLY INVALIDAteD tHe MYtH OF SCARCItY OF HYDROCARBONS. Ms. Consultant. GM (Gas) NTPC. shaleen sharma. argued that in most developing economies. Mr. Geoffrey Picton-Turbervill. Gujarat Gas Co. Oil and Gas Practice at Price Waterhouse presented the concept of Universal service Obligations (UsO) for natural gas distributors which concern price. aT Kearney and Mr.s. suggested that provision of single window clearances and inclusion of CGD network in City Development Plan would facilitate development of city-gas networks.BUILDING ParTNersHIPs Major EvEnts Dr. Mr. MR. sudha Mahalingam. who chaired the session on LNG. Power. said that intervention on pricing issues from those outside the market would be detrimental to the development of the Natural Gas sector. remarked that the ‘market’ may not be the answer to all issues in MR. CMD. Mr. rIL. Levy of Fees. B. r V shahi. outlined the technical parameters that determined the ideal location for LNG terminals. Mr. Mr. PNGrB who chaired the Conclave on City Gas Distribution highlighted important provisions of the PNGrB act. Vikas Kaushal. President. r P sharma. Mr. ONGC. Head. India’s National security advisory Board. Government of Himachal Pradesh and former secretary. robust and integrated project structures. former economic advisor to the PMO. efficiency. key among which were fostering fair trade and competition amongst entities and ensuring a level-playing field for all entities. senior VP. shama sundara. Deepak singhal. CrIsIL Ltd. the Government protected the interests of priority enduse sectors with favourable allocation & pricing policies for domestically produced and consumed gas. shridhar Tambraparni. adequate service. compared the Indian regulatory environment with that in other countries and highlighted limitations in the Indian market. Mr. s Narayan. Mr. Ltd. Member. Mr. LNG Business. and safety. Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers said that replacement of liquid feedstock with natural gas was the only solution to reducing fertilizer subsidies which were almost equal to India’s defence spending. Tariff regulations etc. Mr. PNGrB. Mr. Y r Mehta. Mr. V K SIBAL pReSeNteD AN OptIMIStIC pICtURe AND OBSeRVeD tHAt INDIA HAD tHe pOteNtIAL tO BeCOMe SeLF-ReLIANt FOR GAS IN tHe LONGeR teRM. Mr. MAJOR eVeNtS 51 . said that Natural Gas should be priced and allocated in terms of the domestic context as it was a regional resource. called on lenders and financiers to come up with new mechanisms to fund infrastructure projects which typically yield revenue only in the long term. T K Chaterjee. Director. Mr. CMD GaIL. Imported Gas and CBM. Chairing the session on Natural Gas Pricing & Utilization Policy. Technical advisor. the Natural Gas sector and called for a more balanced discussion. MD. Vice President. rIL. argued that contractual success of international gas pipelines depended on strong. Chief resident Commissioner. Joint secretary. essar Oil. Mg. adviser. Chairperson. former secretary. Director. r s sharma. Negi. ashurst LLP. Mr. Om Narayan. who chaired the session on Policy & regulation. Deepak Mahorkar. ajay Tyagi. Member. U D Choubey. GaIL India Ltd. Nitin Zamare. PNGrB shared valuable insights.
Disseminating ORF stuDies
A Kaleidoscope of Publications
ublications are an integral part of any public policy think tank and often determine the impact of policy recommendations made as part of research projects. Publications brought out by orF are characterised by independent and robust research. orF ensures that there is no compromise on quality in terms of content or language of manuscripts which are subject to a rigorous peer review process. broadly, orF publications can be classified under the following categories: (1) book; (2) Monograph; (3) occasional Paper; (4) issue brief; and (5) Policy brief. During the period april 2008 to March 2009, a total of 28 titles were published. they covered a wide range of subjects and issues, including india’s neighbourhood, india’s relations with the united states and development agendas of the indian states of Gujarat and Delhi. the following are some of the publication highlights of the year: in India and China, The Border Issue and Beyond, the authors, Mr. Mohan Guruswamy and Dr. Zorawar Daulet singh, have revisited the seemingly intractable indiachina border dispute from a contemporary conflict resolution perspective and thus are relatively detached from
pUbLicAtiONs bROUght OUt by ORF ARe chARActeRised by iNdepeNdeNt ANd RObUst ReseARch. ORF eNsURes thAt theRe is NO cOmpROmise ON qUALity iN teRms OF cONteNt OR LANgUAge OF mANUscRipts which ARe sUbject tO A RigOROUs peeR Review pROcess.
the historical baggage that has so often influenced other commentaries on this controversial subject. Pakistan: The Struggle Within, edited by Mr. Wilson John, documents and analyses, among other things, the geopolitical scenario, the ethnic conflicts and civil-military relations in Pakistan, and explores its immediate future, all of which have a great and immediate relevancenot only to india but also the international community. according to Dr. stephen cohen, senior Fellow, at brookings, “this fine book consists of outstanding chapters by French, Pakistani and american experts….(providing) a valuable overview of Pakistan’s domestic order and its foreign and security policies. strong and innovative and to the point…strongly recommended to the casual reader as well as the expert.” The Military Factor in Pakistan by col. (retd.) r.s.n. singh: Pakistan’s politics, governance, institutional capacities, internal and external security and the nationbuilding process are at a critical juncture. the stance of the military, thus, would be a critical factor in determining the future course of Pakistan. under the prevailing scenario in the country, any elected government would need to re-establish the viability and vitality of the state. should it fail, the army would be compelled to re-intervene to save the country from falling apart. For an objective and in-depth analysis, as to how Pakistan has arrived at this critical juncture, it is important to delve into the personalities and processes that have shaped the destiny of the country. the future of Pakistan is dependent on the flux and interplay of the internal and external processes and compulsions. this book, therefore, traces the military underpinnings
ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09
in the political, geopolitical, strategic, economic, religious, sociological, and sectarian journey that Pakistan has made over the last 60 years India, Sri Lanka and the Ethnic War by Mr. n. sathiya Moorthy: the relationship between the two democracies—sri lanka and india—has been largely defined in the recent past by domestic political compulsions, and a peculiar lack of understanding of each other’s priorities and positions on specific issues, leading to misgivings and dilemmas. the emergence of coalition politics at the national level, and the increasing influence of local interest groups on foreign policy formulations, in both the countries over the past two decades have infused extra dimensions to the relationship. thus, it has become imperative to study issues of bilateral concerns in a broader regional framework without ignoring the trials and tribulations of domestic politics in both the countries. Written by a seasoned analyst, the book makes a modest attempt to sift through the complexities of relationships in the region that are undergoing swift and sweeping changes. it documents the evolving dynamics of india-sri lanka relationship to draw valuable lessons for south asia as a whole. India and the United States: Breakthroughs, Prospects and
Vice PresiDent releases INDIAN ARMY VISION 2020 Indian Army Vision 2020, the new publication of Observer Research Foundation, was released in Delhi on April 29 (2008) by the Vice President of India, Mr. Mohammed Hamid Ansari. The concise and comprehensive book on the Indian Army has been written by Brig. Gurmeet Kanwal (Retd.), then Senior Fellow, ORF, and published by HarperCollins India. The Vice President lauded the author for his efforts in coming up
Challenges Ahead by Dr. harinder sekhon: this work explores the strategic, political and economic dynamics of india-us relations by examining the qualitative changes that have taken place in recent years. While a realistic appraisal of the strategic necessities of our times may have been the prime motivator behind the recent upsurge in india-us relations, often ignored are the other equally important determinants that are helping to strengthen relations between india and the united states. the focus of this study is on these determinants: economic stakeholders, interest and lobbying groups, think tanks and the american community of indian origin. this work profiles these stakeholders, makes an appraisal of their interests and assesses their role in moving india-us relations into a higher gear. the monograph also explores the nature and structure of the us political system to understand the decision-making process that encourages the rise of lobbying and interest-group politics in the us. this study would be of considerable interest to policymakers, corporate houses and others interested in strengthening of india-us relations. Gujarat: Perspectives of the Future, edited by Dr. r. swaminathan: it is difficult to argue with Gujarat’s success—a consistently growing state income, massive contribution
with this useful piece of work in the arena of strategic thinking and planning and underlined the need for more such books. Speaking at the book release function held at the residential complex of the Vice President, the Vice President stressed upon the importance of good strategic thinking coupled with thoughtful planning in today’s unimaginatively fast changing world. Brigadier Kanwal said the Army must modernize its weapons and equipment and upgrade its combat potential by an order of magnitude in order to successfully face the new challenges. He further said that in future, 80 to 90 percent chances are that wars would be fought in high altitude and mountainous terrains. Earlier, General (Retd.) V.P. Malik, former chief of army staff and now President of the Institute of Security Studies, ORF, gave a brief description of the book. Indian Army Vision 2020 gives an overview of the changing nature of warfare, the emerging geo-strategic environment, the existential threat from India’s nuclear armed military adversaries and the danger from terrorism which require a quantum jump in the army’s operational capabilities.
Vice President of india, Mr. M. Hamid ansari, releases oRF publication ‘indian army Vision 2020’ with author brig. Gurmeet Kanwal (Retd.) to his right.
‘india, china have made no attempts to change border status quo’: Foreign secretary
The Foreign Secretary, Mr. Shivshankar Menon, launched one of ORF’s publications on China – India-China Relations: The Border Issue and Beyond, authored by Mohan Guruswamy and Zorawar Daulet Singh. After releasing the 217-page volume, Mr. Menon addressed a houseful gathering of China experts and watchers, analysts, commentators and the media at the ORF campus. He described the book as fair, a work of considerable scholarship that deals with a subject that is very topical and of long-term strategic significance for India. He said the book is probably the best and the most approachable summary of policy issues that have arisen in independent India’s dealings with the Peoples Republic of China. “I therefore recommend it wholeheartedly that all of you should read it, enjoy it and not necessarily for the original research that might be in it, but as a policy document because it actually brings together facts that may be we all know in bits and pieces but it brings it together in one place in a form that is accessible and thought provoking,” Mr. Menon said. Saying that he did not agree with the arguments of the authors on one or two places, Mr. Menon pointed out that “the scholarly material in the book may have been overtaken to some extent by the recent availability of fresh material. The Chinese Foreign Office has now selectively declassified PRC Foreign Office Archives until 1960 and made it available to foreign scholars as well.” “It is something that I would recommend may be to ORF or to anybody else who is interested that I think we need to go in and look at what is available. There is also a vast trove of material which has become available in Chinese memoirs and indirectly through Soviet and East European archives, much of which I find is being mined by scholars in the West for their purposes, mostly Cold War studies and so on. But there is a lot of material which is incidental to our concerns as well and I am not quite sure how much of that is reflected in the book or used. I am not saying do it now. Maybe another book in the future will come to that,” he remarked. “When you look at India-China relations today, we find ourselves in a global, regional, and a bilateral context, which is vastly different from that which obtained when we began the present process of engagement during the Rajiv Gandhi’s visit of China in 1988. The global context has changed in a fundamental way and not only because of the rise of China, the rise of India today, the distribution of power, particularly economic power, in the world is much flatter than it has been for well over a century. And the global economic crisis, I think, has brought this home very clearly and is provoking a shift in the way that the international community manages its affairs. The relative importance of our region, Asia, and the capacities that India and China bring to bear in the ever expanding areas where we are in contact are also very different from even say 10 years ago. We find ourselves both cooperating and competing at the same time and yet the basic understanding on which the process of improving relations has proceeded since 1988 remains valid, namely while we attempt to resolve our differences such as those on the boundary, we will not allow those differences to prevent engagement in other fields,” he said. Mr. Menon said “neither side has attempted to change the status quo on the border while we seek a boundary settlement.” “India-China engagement has also grown very rapidly and as a result China is now our single largest trading partner. It is also one of the few growing export markets for our goods. For either of us – India or China – to respond to the economic crisis through protectionism, no matter how attractive in the short term, would only hurt both our economies. As the world has evolved we have also found increasing congruence on global issues like the Doha round, climate change, environment, terrorism. This is not to say that our foreign policies and interests do not rub up against each other. It is only to point out that the relationship has evolved to the point where it is far more nuanced and complicated than the earlier periods which are covered in the first part of the book.” “If the rise of China is a strategic challenge to India, so is rise of Foreign Secretary, Mr. Shivshankar India to China. I therefore agree wholeheartedly with the concluMenon, releases the publication sion of the book and I quote, that “the notion of an existential Sino-Indian conflict predicated on a zero-sum identity of bilateral relations is one that must be challenged and refuted by opinion makers on both sides of the Himalayas,” Mr. Menon said. So, he said, the book is an attempt to put the works of some Chinese scholars, some Indian scholars and some British scholars together to say that both these two great countries in Asia should sit together and find a solution. Mr. Menon also cautioned both India and China against resorting to protectionism to deal with the world economic crisis. Noting that China is now India’s single largest trading partner and a big growing export market for Indian goods, he said “for either of us, India or China, to respond to the economic crisis through protectionism, no matter how attractive it would be in the short term, would only hurt our economies”.
ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09
he stressed on building pUbLicAtiONs 55 . including environmental degradation. former Prime Minister. 2008. to india’s coffers. it is important to take a relative holistic view of all relevant factors. this discourse is an abridged documentation of the chief Minister’s speech and the ensuing discussion with the participants. for better or for worse. this book is an attempt to understand some of these issues in relation to Myanmar. providing analyses for various issues such as the macroeconomic framework for Gujarat’s industrialisation and the dynamics of its corollary urban development.K. on his right is Gen. some of the country’s leading experts on Gujarat give the answers. Perspectives of the Future examines the way forward: What challenges await Gujarat? this book makes a compelling argument for a blueprint that will address the state’s serious problems. poor healthcare and nutrition. has taken place in Myanmar—both in the domestic front. (Retd) V. however. RSn Singh. the book goes deep into the phenomenon. this volume takes more than a cursory look at the industrial development that has swiftly taken place in the state. it is necessary to address the concerns regarding political change with the socioeconomic issues. Farooq sobhan. well-thought-out essays. i. discrimination against women. smt. addressed the orF Faculty on March 12. More importantly. and in the way Myanmar sees itself and the way others see it. society. Farooq sobhan: amb. Sharma releases oRF publication “the Military Factor in Pakistan’. there has been a tendency to view the country exclusively from the prism of political processes. Gujral. swaminathan. culture and external interactions. releases the book ‘Security of Small States Dilemma : a Maldivian Perception’. the Government of national capital territory of Delhi initiated a ‘bhagidari Programme’ as an attempt to resolve the various problems being faced by the city’s residents.K. a toast among experts on economic development? and what lies ahead? in 11 wellresearched. visited observer research Foundation campus on april 10. as the international community focuses on bringing about political normalization. Myanmar: Can the Generals Resist Change? by K. without studying its history. agriculture. the discussion was facilitated by ambassador M. and high marks in industry. any attempt to deal with the “Myanmar question” needs to take this factor into account. V. Yhome: scenes of protest and crackdowns have dominated the world’s image of Myanmar. Malik (Retd. President of the bangladesh enterprise institute and former Foreign secretary of bangladesh. regional geopolitics. Present and Future by amb.P. India-Bangladesh Relations: Past. thereby formulating an understanding of the country in its totality. and lack of quality basic education. change. and Myanmar’s exploitation of natural resources has altered the geopolitical value of Myanmar. and higher education. the rise of china. rasgotra.) and author Mr.builDinG PartnershiPs (left) Gen. the honorable chief Minister of Delhi. The Bhagidari Programme of the Delhi Government by sheila Dikshit: in January 2000. india and asean member-countries. how did Gujarat come to be india’s second most industrialised state. economy. (right) Mr. in his speech. 2008 to make a presentation on the programme. convincingly woven by editor r. sheila Dikshit.
indo-Japanese ties have now become far more diversified to include a wide range of interests like regional peace and security. sri lanka and the ethnic War N. he spoke to indian experts on china’s World View. 6. DetailS oF PublicationS Books and Monographs 1. and environmental protection. 5.20 Years Publications a strong relationship between india and bangladesh by encouraging greater connectivity and investments. both countries. compiled in this publication. While asia is integrating economically. associate Professor at Fudan university. Sathiya Moorthy india and the united states: breakthroughs. maritime security. While in Delhi. 12. nuclear disarmament. gcc and the global energy regime: exploring interdependence and the outlook for collaboration Samir Ranjan Pradhan renewable energy technologies Amitav Malik. shanghai. Chaudhry & Marta Vanduzer-Snow india. both india and Japan are now well-poised to play a significant role in contributing to the peace and security of asia. 8. would be of considerable interest not only to indian scholars and decision-makers. energy cooperation. 4. 10. 9. Yhome the united states and india: a History through archives Praveen K.S. sharing several common values. indiachina relations and china’s Perspectives on asia. 13. 2. Security and Strategic Challenges in Asia: Prospects of Japan-India Cooperation: asia has emerged as the most dynamic region of economic and technological growth and will play an increasingly pivotal role in global politics. Wang Yiwei. the candid talks and discussions. 11. should leave behind the baggage of mistrust and neglect and recognise that they can gain much through a closer relationship. 3. Nitant Mate & Devayani Bhave 56 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . Prospects and challenges ahead Harinder Sekhon oil in american energy Policy: searching for clues of influence Lydia Powell gujarat: Perspectives of the Future Edited by R.N. the us approach to the islamic World Chintamani Mahapatra india china relations: the border issues and beyond Mohan Guruswamy & Zorawar Daulet Singh Pakistan: the struggle Within Edited by: Wilson John emerging security concerns in West asia Edited by: Dilip Lahiri the Military Factor in Pakistan R. Singh india. but also to a wider audience and indeed to anyone interested in studying china. Dr. he felt. 7. Swaminathan Myanmar: can the generals resist change? K. it is beset with serious security challenges arising from both traditional and non-traditional sources. visited india in July 2007. seMinar series at the invitation of observer research Foundation.
Fudan University.builDinG PartnershiPs Publications 14. independence for kosovo: secession or self-Determination? Saeed Naqvi 3. china’s World View . caspian Pipeline Politics.china’s Perspective on asia Dr Wang Yiwei. 2. Yhome orF discourse india-bangladesh relations: Past.india-china relations . Present and Future seMinar series 1. the bhagidari Programme of Delhi government Sheila Dikshit pUbLicAtiONs 57 . Malik 2. Dash orF poLicY BrieF concerted international action needed to rein in Pakistan terror groups Wilson John orF issue BrieF 1. seizing the Moment: Highest Priority steps for 2009 General (Retd.implications forafghanistan and its neighbours. can the indian economy emerge unscathed from the global ﬁnancial crisis? Sridhar Kundu occasional PaPer staying tHe course in aFgHanistan . the us and its allies Jeffrey Ellis orF Discourse 1.P. Shanghai 2. international Human rights standards: How Does india Measure up? Dilip Lahiri 2. energy reserves and regional implications P.) V. Associate Professor. india’s growing energy insecurity: Volatile crude prices and a tattered road map to reform Sunjoy Joshi Pakistan’s schools of terror Wilson John orF occasionaL paper India-Myanmar Relations (1998-2008): K. security and strategic challenges in asia: Prospects of Japan-india co-operation WeB puBLicaTions issue brieF: 1.L.
barrack obama a few days after the publication of the article. Prominent indian english newspapers like The Times of India. A Live teLecAst wAs dONe FROm the ORF cAmpUs by The SahaRa Tv cOveRiNg the semiNAR ON “UttAR pRAdesh: the ROAd AheAd”. regional media carried reports on orF events. the leading channel of uttar Pradesh and uttarakhand. Financial Express all carried articles or reported on orF events or orF studies. the etV news. now. the seminar was also well covered by hindi newspapers like amar ujjala. With international agencies like reuters. the channel telecast live the entire valedictory session figuring leading political leaders. SahaRa cOveRed the twO-dAy eveNt pROmiNeNtLy. it was also covered by another leading channel of uP.20 Years reknoWn meDia glitz Highlights of Media Coverage for ORF Activities s obserVer research FounDation consolidated its standing as one of india’s most prominent think tanks. The Asian Age. The Hindustan Times. in less than five years. DNA. Routledge Journal (london) carried articles and comments of orF senior Fellow Deba Mohanty. The Pioneer. Tribune. a FOR the FiRst time. etc. rasgotra’s lead article in the International Herald Tribune. there are also increasing requests for articles in newspapers. articles by orF faculty on the orF web page were reproduced in newspapers and web publications of neighbouring countries. Mint. Business Standard. on many occasions. Dainik Hindustan. distributed by news agencies Pti. Defence News (us). M. The Hindu. Janes’ Weekly. For the first time. the discussion on emerging situation in nepal fetched wide coverage in the leading newspapers of nepal. Dainik Jagran. the chANNeL teLecAst Live the eNtiRe vALedictORy sessiON FigURiNg LeAdiNg pOLiticAL LeAdeRs. bhaskar. Kantipur Post and its ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . Military Technology (Germany). The Indian Express. it has been a smooth journey for brand orF which captured significant space in the indian and international media. Deccan Herald. orF has become the storehouse for media where they can gather information on various issues – national and international – from its experienced faculty. there have been regular requests from the national and international media for interviews in print as well as electronic media. aFP and bloomberg also flashing interview-based features and news analyses with comments from orF faculty. a live telecast was done from the orF campus by the sahara samay. Punjab Kesri. uni. titled “Pakistan and afghanistan: the enemy is not india”. the event was the seminar on “uttar Pradesh: the road ahead”. ians and ani. sahara covered the two-day event prominently in its news telecasts on both days. Amar Ujjala and others. orF could capture space in the international media. too. the same point was echoed by us President-elect Mr. The New Indian Express. Dainik Bhaskar. in many cases. The Mail Today. The Economic Times. another significant achievement was Mr. 58 orF also could gain media space in several hindi newspapers such as Nav Bharat Times.
Various publications picked up a story circulated by ani based on an article by Dr. with some of the best-known experts on terrorism. the discussion and its impact on the Planning commission meeting a couple of days later. samir saran on the deep faultlines between the West and islam and how these are manifesting themselves in Pakistan. orF again figured in The Economist. responded with real-time analyses and background briefings to a wide variety of opinion and policymakers from across the world. Sydney Morning Herald quoted Dr. us. cnbc and Zee business covered the event both days while Doordarshan. Newsweek and The economist. ORF. she was quoted in a Policy Working Paper by Kurt M campbell (now the us assistant secretary of state for east asia in the obama admn. richard Fischer’s talk was covered by the electronic editions of The Times of India. us. both the events were also covered by Doordarshan. Financial Express. harinder sekhon participated in two live discussion programmes in Zee news and ibn7 (hindi). The Friday Times. Expert comments were sought by reputed global publications like The New York Times. also quoted orF and its senior Fellow Wilson John in a paper on counterterrorism in india. suggesting that india should keep equi-distance between us and russia. eenadu tV and ani. nDtV Profit and etV covered the first day’s deliberations. ReNOwN 59 . his comments also figured in an article in Newsweek. niranjan sahoo in its story on indian politics and coming general elections. The objective of the attack carried out by a group of terrorists from Lashkar-e-Tayyeba based in Pakistan was to damage the country economically and trigger a war between two nuclear powers. Nav Bharat Times. ORF scholars appeared on national as well as international channels. the discussion on “chinese military modernization” and Dr. all the leading newspapers in Mumbai – Times of India. Ananda Bazar Patrika and the Mail Today carried longstories on the upcoming india-china centre of the orF Kolkata chapter. the DNA and Mumbai Mirror too had carried stories on the orF study report on higher education. was mentioned in a long story in The Hindu. Assessments written by ORF team were published extensively and quoted even more widely. as it quoted senior Fellow Wilson John in its story on the Jaipur blasts. USA Today (crackdown on Pakistani militants) and The Sydney Morning Herald (on Jammu and Kashmir elections). written by a new Delhi-based Guardian correspondent. council on Foreign relations. The Washington Post. Time. ORF reports on the attack were mentioned in Indian Parliament and were quoted at length by main political parties during their briefings. the conference on russia and the Foreign secretary’s inaugural address was covered by most newspapers. orF’s nepal report on the web figured in a report of the international crisis Group. Indian Express. ORF published a detailed assessment of the attack and the reaction of the government agencies which was widely appreciated. Few days earlier. The Economic Times and The Mint prominently displayed the story on the seminar on inflation. the programme was broadcast on primetime. Business Standard and Divya Bhaskar -. on the day of counting in the us Presidential elections. leading business papers and The Hindu too covered the event. niranjan sahoo for a one-hour special programme—a panel discussion on “Power crisis in india”. Economic Times.builDinG PartnershiPs reknoWn MUMBAI TERROR ATTACK The terrorist attack on Mumbai in November 2008 was perhaps one of the most serious attempts by terrorist groups to cripple India. DD news invited orF Fellow Dr. Indian Express and leading hindi papers. including The Hindustan Times. Mr. The Asian Age. rumi aijaz’s papers on urban governance appeared in the journals of Asian and African Studies and id21 Communicating Development Research. The Economic Times. The Economic Times carried an article by Mr.covered the conference on higher education. The Sindh Today. nepali edition besides Daily Times in Pakistan and indian newspapers. The Hindu. rajeswari rajagopalan on the orF website.) nirav Patel and richard Weitz. Dr. he also wrote an article on Jamaatul Mujahideen of bangladesh in the terrorism Monitor of Jamestown Foundation. Hindustan and many other publications. The Times of India. Petro india 2008 attracted all the business television channels and newspapers. brajesh Mishra’s speech at the roundtable on indo-us nuclear deal and its impact on asian security was also covered by major english and hindi newspapers. the report is titled “the ripple effect: india’s responses to the iraq War”.
Delhi university (8) Mr. (2) Mr. uSa. Mr. Deepak Pental. Durgesh Man Singh. (7) Prof. the ambassador of nepal to india 60 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . Joyeeta bhattacharjee welcomes Mr.20 Years Visitors esteemeD guests Gallery of ORF’s Distinguished Visitors (1) the chief information commissioner. Mr. oRF. Vivek Sengupta. Rasgotra with the Foreign Secretary. former ambassador of bangladesh to india. (10) Dr. former bangladesh High commissioner. (6) Prof. ambassador of turkey to india. Shivshankar Menon. (3) Dr. Senior Fellow. Wajahat Habibullah (R) with Mr. signs in the visitors book. ambassador of France to india. Daniel Markey. Jerome bonnafont. tariq Karim. council for Foreign Relations. levent bilman. ceo. (9) Mr. Vice chancellor. (4) Mr. Robert M Hathway (left). Farooq Shobhan. M. 2 1 3 4 (5) Mr.
Diane Kelly (R).5 6 7 8 11 (11) Ms. the ambassador of el Salvador to india. James F Moriarty. the uS ambassador to banglades. (12) Mr. Dy. uS Department of State. (15) Delhi chief Minister Sheila Dikshit 9 10 12 13 14 15 . (14) Mr. Patricia Figueroa. Director for South & central asia. anand Sharma (left). Minister of State for external affairs (13) Ms.
Managing Director of software major tally solutions (P) ltd.). is a former cabinet secretary of the unionl Government and executive Director on the board of the World bank. Member of Parliament (rajya sabha) and chairman of the national commission for enterprises in the unorganized sector. is a journalist-turned-communications-specialist with more than 30 years of experience in corporate communications. is presently 62 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . President. honorary treasurer of orF is the . in the year 1988. Vice President of orF centre for international relations. bihar state Planning board. adVisors: M. rajiv Gandhi Foundation. he was Principal secretary to former Prime Minister and national security advisor. he is also a former chancellor of the hyderabad university. Gurgaon as well as Deputy chairman. deeply interested in the well-being of the underprivileged sections of society. honorary General secretary of bar association of india. he was honoured with Padma Bhushan for meritorious services. France. hyderabad. honorary secretary of orF holds a . he was also Vice chairman. revenue secretary and secretary to the Prime Minister as well as former Member. headed the research and analysis Wing. President of orF centre for Politics and Governance. chief executive officer. Geneva. surendra singh. executive President. he was india’s ambassador to the united states of america and a member of the international Panel on Democracy and Development of unesco. he is a former expenditure secretary. he is one of the most experienced and knowledgeable minds on international relations and Foreign Policy Formulation. k k nayyar. Delhi and sr. he also headed the national security advisory board. Government of india. arjun sengupta is an internationally renowned economist. university of Delhi.k. V. Bharat goenka. p. abid hussain is presently chancellor of english and Foreign language university. President of orF centre for international relations. gen. is a former Foreign secretary. he is a consulting editor with Indian Defence Review and regularly writes for the journal. he is currently chairman of the Management Development institute. a former vice chief of navy. centre-state relations. is a former army chief of india. print and television journalism and teaching. india law Foundation and associated with numerous human rights and social service organizations and recipient of national law day award—2007 from the President of india. well-known strategist. orF . he has served in beijing. Vice President of the observer Group of Publications. corporate Governance and economic Development. orF institute of security studies. management consulting. Management. uK and new York and steered india’s negotiations with united states. Falguni sen is a Professor of Management at Fordham university’s Graduate school of business in new York. singh is a well-known economist and Member of Parliament (rajya sabha). Germany. Masters in business administration from Faculty of Management studies. he is an expert on Public Policy. Vivek sengupta. President. n. and was formerly Director of the times of india. Jakarta. security analyst and author. Malik (retd. he is on the board of Directors of many prestigious private companies and banks. President. Vikram sood. she is the chairperson of a charitable & social service organization working primarily in the rural areas of uttar Pradesh Baljit kapoor. annu Tandon is a Member of Parliament and an enterprising business person. Planning commission. china and Pakistan.20 Years ProFiles ORF FaCultY Gallery of ORF’s Distinguished Faculty TrusTees: Lalit Bhasin is a prominent supreme court lawyer. india’s external intelligence agency from 2001 to 2003. Brajesh Mishra is a veteran diplomat. society for afro-asian studies. rasgotra. society of indian law Firms. public diplomacy. Presently.
c. is a senior journalist. deba ranjan Mohanty is a senior Fellow in orF security studies. an associate Fellow. his research interests include islam. is well-known for his contribution to the energy sector. author and an expert on international affairs. pROFiLes 63 . samir saran is a Vice President in charge of Development and outreach. Distinguished Fellow. north east india. amit kumar. an associate Fellow. orF chennai chapter. heads orF’s Mumbai chapter. r. is an energy expert. satish Misra. Distinguished Fellow at orF’s centre for international relations. Delhi. nuclear Proliferation. senior Fellow. he is a recipient of Japanese Foreign Minister’s commendation award. power sector and reservation issues. and writes frequently in the national as well as international media. D. he was ambassador to France. specialises on sri lanka and Maldives. is a former indian diplomat with long and diversified experience in international relations during 37 years in the indian Foreign service. sri lankan politics and ethnic conflicts. Washington. is a senior journalist. rumi aijaz is an expert in the areas of urban policy and governance. he has more than two decades of experience in the sector. socio-economic impact evaluation using qualitative and quantitative techniques. gitanjali sen is a scholar on development economics. Peru and bolivia. indian foreign policy and asian strategic affairs. senior Fellow. Visiting Fellow. he is a regular contributor to indian and foreign publications. specialises on Pakistan and terrorism. rakesh Basant is a Professor of economics at iiM. Yhome. he is one of the leading indian scholars in the field of Japanese studies. praveen k chaudhry is a Professor of Political science and World affairs at the Fashion institute of technology at the state university of new York. new Delhi. General in the indian army. dr. is an expert on economy and development with experience as a college teacher. Vivek karandikar is an expert in energy-related issues. she is the author of the book “Five Decades of Indo-US Relations: Strategic and Intellectual”. climate change and regulation Policy. sunjoy Joshi. national Maritime Foundation. sathiyamoorthy. a PhD. uma shankar sharma is an expert on energy with engineering and business background. Peace and conflict studies. his areas of research include national security. his areas of interest are Political economy and urban affairs. he has authored many books on Pakistan.builDinG PartnershiPs ProFiles chairman. child labour issues and education. Wilson John. specialises on south and southeast asia. ashok singh. senior Fellow. is a journalistturned-scholar. dr. Vinayak patankar. nandan unnikrishnan. she is working on the impact of economic reform on international trade. political analyst and author. asian politics. his specialisation is russia. V. harinder sekhon. an associate Fellow. military modernization. specialises in maritime security. k. is an associate Fellow with the eurasian studies Programme. her main research area is central asia. Visiting Fellow. kesavan. Director. Jayshree sengupta. who heads orF’s eurasian studies Programme. senior Fellow. an officer belonging to the indian administrative services. senior Fellow at orF’s institute of security studies. senior Fellow. senior Fellow. nuclear Deterrence. saeed naqvi is a senior journalist and an expert on international affairs. k. sridhar kundu is an expert in statistical programming. Joyeeta Bhattacharjee. specialises on indous relations and security issues. he has focused on Myanmar and india’s neighbourhood policy. dr. Ms angira sen sarma. specialises on bangladesh. n. economic analyst and researcher. political economy of economic reforms. is an expert on security studies. he is honorary Vice-President of the centre for resources Management (crM). is a retired professor from Jawaharlal nehru university. senior Fellow. institutional reforms. being engaged in urban research for more than 12 years. is graduate in international security from the George Washington university. including in policy formulation at the Ministry of Petroleum and natural Gas. econometrics and economic analysis. arms industry and trade. grassroots governance. spain. senior FacuLTY: dilip Lahiri. rajeswari rajagopalan. niranjan sahoo is a scholar in macro-political and governance issues. anjali sharma. dr. scholar from Jnu. ahmedabad and was a member of the sachar committee on the conditions of Muslims in india. retired lt. swaminathan. is an expert on us foreign policy. Lydia powell. an associate Fellow. neil padukone. specialises in West asian studies.
the audio recordings. during the year. it provides necessary assistance to users in locating information or document of their choice. Presently. West asia. the library has also taken membership of american information centre library. consultation & circulation: reference service helps users to make full use of library resources and services. photographs of almost all events organized by orF from 2003 till date.are recorded regularly. bangladesh. the library collection comprises books. terrorism. also included are video recordings of selected events. roundtable discussions. audio. book releases and visits of important personalities -. foreign affairs. journals and photocopies for the mutual benefit of the users. south asia. education. and others. Asian Survey. politics and governance. resource sharing and information alert service. sri lanka. china. LiBrarY serVices reference. talks. foreign policy. it is open from 10. interactions. the library has a collection of more than 10. selected photographs and power point presentations are updated on orF’s online Media catalogue for easier desktop access by its researchers. these books are in the process of being classified and catalogued. which was introduced for acquiring references and ascertaining the availability of the documents and journals in other libraries. circulation. Stratfor. russia. Foreign Affairs. policyinfluencers and policymakers. the orF events – conferences. social sciences and management. trade. and others. it also regularly subscribes to the saPra database which closely monitors events and trends of Pakistan.20 Years the knOwleDge hOuse An Excellent Collection of Books and Journals orF LiBrarY the orF library. daTaBases orF library also has the services of Delnet (Developing library network). organisation and dissemination of library materials. We express our gratitude to Prof. china. nepal.VisuaL uniT orF library also has an exclusive section for audio visual materials. the aV materials include soft and hard copies of audio recordings. the transcriptions of the selected events are also included in the audio-visual section of the library. journals. Videos and audios of some important events were edited and compiled into cDs and distributed to the concerned experts. Pakistan. continued to march ahead towards its mission to create an excellent knowledge bank in the organisation through acquisition. anand Mohan. and others.00 to 1800 hrs on all working days to all who are interested in intellectual pursuits. Time. e-resources the library also provides web-based access to important journals 24x7. 64 ORF ANNUAL RepORt l 2008-09 . foreign policy. defence strategy and security and national issues of economics. over the years. the Media catalogue has become a great resource to the researchers. soon after each event.000 books on international relations. strategic and security affairs. Pakistan. east asia. its range of services included reference. economics. religion. anand Mohan for the generous and invaluable contribution. politics and governance. afghanistan and central asia. this service includes magazines and journals like Economist. power point presentations. reports and other reading materials in humanities. document delivery. sharing oF resource and parTnerships the library maintains excellent relations with other libraries for exchange of books. Foreign Policy. Books donaTed this year we were also fortunate to have received a donation of over 5. usa . West asia. they included rare books on varied subjects like international relations. Survival. consultation. Economic and Political Weekly.500 books from Prof.
37 Total 47. over Rs. 20 Rouse Avenue.93 94.08 3. 60 million.28 ORF Assets : (in Rupees million) Fixed Assets Investments Cash & Bank Balance Other Assets Total 38. source and the manner in which such foreign contribution is received and the purpose for and the manner in which such contribution is utilised.05 Besides the above. All donations received by ORF from donors outside India are received as per the FCRA (Foreign Contributions Regulation Act) guidelines.01 51. Statement of Accounts. audited by a qualiﬁed and registered Chartered Accountant. Donations to ORF enjoy Income Tax exemption under Section 80G of the Income Tax Act. Observer Research Foundation. is submitted to the concerned departments in India as per the statutory requirements. Section 6(1) of the FCRA inter alia provides that an association (organisation) registered under the FCRA shall intimate to the Central Government in India the amount.Observer Research Foundation is registered in Delhi under the Societies Registration Act XXI of 1860 as a not-forproﬁt organisation.92 1.39 0. has been provided at no cost on a permanent basis by Observer Research Foundation’s Corporate benefactors. the asset value of ORF’s building and infrastructure.58 1.27 UTILISATION OF FUNDS (in Rupees million) Research Activities Expenditure on Projects Salaries & Honorarium Meetings & Conferences Travelling & Conveyance Communication Total Sponsorships support (such as Air Tickets) 48.61 Overhead Expenses 32.80 5. please contact: Honorary Secretary.38 8. 1961. Internal audit system is conducted by a qualiﬁed and registered Chartered Accountant’s Firm periodically. These foreign contributions are to be received only through a particular registered and designated bank.org The details of the funds received and utilised (in Rupees Million) as per the audited Accounts of ﬁnancial Year 2007-08 are: FUNDS RECEIVED (in Rupees million) Donation and Grants Interest / Other Income 44. ORF follows the ﬁnancial year from April to March.03 1. . For any information on the same.53 4. New Delhi 110002 Email: email@example.com 3.
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