Henryk Sienkiewicz - Quo Vadis

Quo Vadis

Sienkiewicz, Henryk (Translator: Jeremiah Curtin)

Published: 1896 Type(s): Novels, History, Romance, Religion Source: http://www.gutenberg.org


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IN the trilogy "With Fire and Sword," "The Deluge," and "Pan Michael," Sienkiewicz has given pictures of a great and decisive epoch in modern history. The results of the struggle begun under Bogdan Hmelnitski have been felt for more than two centuries, and they are growing daily in importance. The Russia which rose out of that struggle has become a power not only of European but of world-wide significance, and, to all human seeming, she is yet in an early stage of her career. In "Quo Vadis" the author gives us pictures of opening scenes in the conflict of moral ideas with the Roman Empire, — a conflict from which Christianity issued as the leading force in history. The Slays are not so well known to Western Europe or to us as they are sure to be in the near future; hence the trilogy, with all its popularity and merit, is not appreciated yet as it will be. The conflict described in "Quo Vadis" is of supreme interest to a vast number of persons reading English; and this book will rouse, I think, more attention at first than anything written by Sienkiewicz hitherto. JEREMIAH CURTIN ILOM, NORTHERN GUATEMALA, June, 1896




PETRONIUS woke only about midday, and as usual greatly wearied. The evening before he had been at one of Nero's feasts, which was prolonged till late at night. For some time his health had been failing. He said himself that he woke up benumbed, as it were, and without power of collecting his thoughts. But the morning bath and careful kneading of the body by trained slaves hastened gradually the course of his slothful blood, roused him, quickened him, restored his strength, so that he issued from the elaeothesium, that is, the last division of the bath, as if he had risen from the dead, with eyes gleaming from wit and gladness, rejuvenated, filled with life, exquisite, so unapproachable that Otho himself could not compare with him, and was really that which he had been called, — arbiter elegantiarum. He visited the public baths rarely, only when some rhetor happened there who roused admiration and who was spoken of in the city, or when in the ephebias there were combats of exceptional interest. Moreover, he had in his own "insula" private baths which Celer, the famous contemporary of Severus, had extended for him, reconstructed and arranged with such uncommon taste that Nero himself acknowledged their excellence over those of the Emperor, though the imperial baths were more extensive and finished with incomparably greater luxury. After that feast, at which he was bored by the jesting of Vatinius with Nero, Lucan, and Seneca, he took part in a diatribe as to whether woman has a soul. Rising late, he used, as was his custom, the baths. Two enormous balneatores laid him on a cypress table covered with snow-white Egyptian byssus, and with hands dipped in perfumed olive oil began to rub his shapely body; and he waited with closed eyes till the heat of the laconicum and the heat of their hands passed through him and expelled weariness. But after a certain time he spoke, and opened his eyes; he inquired about the weather, and then about gems which the jeweller Idomeneus had promised to send him for examination that day. It appeared that the


weather was beautiful, with a light breeze from the Alban hills, and that the gems had not been brought. Petronius closed his eyes again, and had given command to bear him to the tepidarium, when from behind the curtain the nomenclator looked in, announcing that young Marcus Vinicius, recently returned from Asia Minor, had come to visit him. Petronius ordered to admit the guest to the tepidarium, to which he was borne himself. Vinicius was the son of his oldest sister, who years before had married Marcus Vinicius, a man of consular dignity from the time of Tiberius. The young man was serving then under Corbulo against the Parthians, and at the close of the war had returned to the city. Petronius had for him a certain weakness bordering on attachment, for Marcus was beautiful and athletic, a young man who knew how to preserve a certain aesthetic measure in his profligacy; this, Petronius prized above everything. "A greeting to Petronius," said the young man, entering the tepidarium with a springy step. "May all the gods grant thee success, but especially Asklcpios and Kypris, for under their double protection nothing evil can meet one." "I greet thee in Rome, and may thy rest be sweet after war," replied Petronius, extending his hand from between the folds of soft karbas stuff in which he was wrapped. "What's to be heard in Armenia; or since thou wert in Asia, didst thou not stumble into Bithynia?" Petronius on a time had been proconsul in Bithynia, and, what is more, he had governed with energy and justice. This was a marvellous contrast in the character of a man noted for effeminacy and love of luxury; hence he was fond of mentioning those times, as they were a proof of what he had been, and of what he might have become had it pleased him. "I happened to visit Heraklea," answered Vinicius. "Corbulo sent me there with an order to assemble reinforcements." "Ah, Heraklea! I knew at Heraklea a certain maiden from Colchis, for whom I would have given alI the divorced women of this city, not excluding Poppaa. But these are old stories. Tell me now, rather, what is to be heard from the Parthian boundary. It is true that they weary me every Vologeses of them, and Tiridates and Tigranes, — those barbarians who, as young Arulenus insists, walk on all fours at home, and pretend to be human only when in our presence. But now people in Rome speak much of them, if only for the reason that it is dangerous to speak of aught else." "The war is going badly, and but for Corbulo might be turned to defeat."


"Corbulo! by Bacchus! a real god of war, a genuine Mars, a great leader, at the same time quick-tempered, honest, and dull. I love him, even for this,— that Nero is afraid of him." "Corbulo is not a dull man." "Perhaps thou art right, but for that matter it is all one. Dulness, as Pyrrho says, is in no way worse than wisdom, and differs from it in nothing." Vinicius began to talk of the war; but when Petronius closed his eyes again, the young man, seeing his uncle's tired and somewhat emaciated face, changed the conversation, and inquired with a certain interest about his health. Petronius opened his eyes again. Health! — No. He did not feel well. He had not gone so far yet, it is true, as young Sissena, who had lost sensation to such a degree that when he was brought to the bath in the morning he inquired, "Am I sitting?" But he was not well. Vinicius had just committed him to the care of Askiepios and Kypris. But he, Petronius, did not believe in Askiepios. It was not known even whose son that Askiepios was, the son of Arsinoe or Koronis; and if the mother was doubtful, what was to be said of the father? Who, in that time, could be sure who his own father was? Hereupon Petronius began to laugh; then he continued, — "Two years ago, it is true, I sent to Epidaurus three dozen live blackbirds and a goblet of gold; but dost thou know why? I said to myself, 'Whether this helps or not, it will do me no harm.' Though people make offerings to the gods yet, I believe that all think as I do, — all, with the exception, perhaps, of muledrivers hired at the Porta Capena by travellers. Besides Askiepios, I have had dealings with sons of Askiepios. When I was troubled a little last year in the bladder, they performed an incubation for me. I saw that they were tricksters, but I said to myself: 'What harm! The world stands on deceit, and life is an illusion. The soul is an illusion too. But one must have reason enough to distinguish pleasant from painful illusions.' I shall give command to burn in my hypocaustum, cedarwood sprinkled with ambergris, for during life I prefer perfumes to stenches. As to Kypris, to whom thou hast also confided me, I have known her guardianship to the extent that 1 have twinges in my right foot. But as to the rest she is a good goddess! I suppose that thou wilt bear sooner or later white doves to her altar."


"True," answered Vinicius. "The arrows of the Parthians have not reached my body, but a dart of Amor has struck me — unexpectedly, a few stadia from a gate of this city." "By the white knees of the Graces! thou wilt tell me of this at a leisure hour." "I have come purposely to get thy advice," answered Marcus. But at that moment the epilatores came, and occupied themselves with Petronius. Marcus, throwing aside his tunic, entered a bath of tepid water, for Petronius invited him to a plunge bath. "Ah, I have not even asked whether thy feeling is reciprocated," said Pctronius, looking at the youthful body of Marcus, which was as if cut out of marble. "Had Lysippos seen thee, thou wouldst be ornamenting now the gate leading to the Palatine, as a statue of Hercules in youth." The young man smiled with satisfaction, and began to sink in the bath, splashing warm water abundantly on the mosaic which represented Hera at the moment when she was imploring Sleep to lull Zeus to rest. Petronius looked at him with the satisfied eye of an artist. When Vinicius had finished and yielded himself in turn to the epilatores, a lector came in with a bronze tube at his breast and rolls of paper in the tube. "Dost wish to listen?" asked Petronius. "If it is thy creation, gladly!" answered the young tribune; "if not, I prefer conversation. Poets seize people at present on every street corner." "Of course they do. Thou wilt not pass any basilica, bath, library, or book-shop without seeing a poet gesticulating like a monkey. Agrippa, on coming here from the East, mistook them for madmen. And it is just such a time now. Caesar writes verses; hence all follow in his steps. Only it is not permitted to write better verses than Caesar, and for that reason I fear a little for Lucan. But I write prose, with which, however, I do not honor myself or others. What the lector has to read are codicilli of that poor Fabricius Veiento." "Why 'poor'?" "Because it has been communicated to him that he must dwell in Odyssa and not return to his domestic hearth till he receives a new command. That Odyssey will be easier for him than for Ulysses, since his wife is no Penelope. I need not tell thee, for that matter, that he acted stupidly. But here no one takes things otherwise than superficially. His is rather a wretched and dull little book, which people have begun to read


passionately only when the author is banished. Now one hears on every side, 'Scandala! scandala!' and it may be that Veiento invented some things; but I, who know the city, know our patres and our women, assure thee that it is all paler than reality. Meanwhile every man is searching in the book, — for himself with alarm, for his acquaintances with delight. At the book-shop of Avirnus a hundred copyists are writing at dictation, and its success is assured." "Are not thy affairs in it?" "They are; but the author is mistaken, for I am at once worse and less flat than he represents me. Seest thou we have lost long since the feeling of what is worthy or unworthy, — and to me even it seems that in real truth there is no difference between them, though Seneca, Musonius, and Trasca pretend that they see it. To me it is all one! By Hercules, I say what I think! I have preserved loftiness, however, because I know what is deformed and what is beautiful; but our poet, Bronzebeard, for example, the charioteer, the singer, the actor, does not understand this." "I am sorry, however, for Fabricius! He is a good companion." "Vanity ruined the man. Every one suspected him, no one knew certainly; but he could not contain himself, and told the secret on all sides in confidence. Hast heard the history of Rufinus?" "Then come to the frigidarium to cool; there I will tell thee." They passed to the frigidarium, in the middle of which played a fountain of bright rose-color, emitting the odor of violets. There they sat in niches which were covered with velvet, and began to cool themselves. Silence reigned for a time. Vinicius looked awhile thoughtfully at a bronze faun which, bending over the arm of a nymph, was seeking her lips eagerly with his lips. "He is right," said the young man. "That is what is best in life." "More or less! But besides this thou lovest war, for which I have no liking, since under tents one's finger-nails break and cease to be rosy. For that matter, every man has his preferences. Bronzebcard loves song, especially his own; and old Scaurus his Corinthian vase, which stands near his bed at night, and which he kisses when he cannot sleep. He has kissed the edge off already. Tell me, dost thou not write verses?" "No; I have never composed a single hexameter." "And dost thou not play on the lute and sing?" "No."


"And dost thou drive a chariot?" "I tried once in Antioch, but unsuccessfully." "Then I am at rest concerning thee. And to what party in the hippodrome dost thou belong?" "To the Greens." "Now I am perfectly at rest, especially since thou hast a large property indeed, though thou art not so rich as Pallas or Seneca. For seest thou, with us at present it is well to write verses, to sing to a lute, to declaim, and to compete in the Circus; but better, and especially safer, not to write verses, not to play, not to sing, and not to compete in the Circus. Best of all, is it to know how to admire when Bronzebeard admires. Thou art a comely young man; hence Poppxa may fall in love with thee. This is thy only peril. But no, she is too experienced; she cares for something else. She has had enough of love with her two husbands; with the third she has other views. Dost thou know that that stupid Otho loves her yet to distraction? He walks on the cliffs of Spain, and sighs; he has so lost his former habits, and so ceased to care for his person, that three hours each day suffice him to dress his hair. could have expected this of Otho?" "I understand him," answered Vinicius; "but in his place I should have done something else." "What, namely?" "I should have enrolled faithful legions of mountaineers of that country. They are good soldiers, — those Iberians." "Vinicius! Vinicius! I almost wish to tell thee that thou wouldst not have been capable of that. And knowest why? Such things are done, but they are not mentioned even conditionally. As to me, in his place, I should have laughed at Popp~ra, laughed at Bronzebeard, and formed for myself legions, not of Iberian men, however, but Iberian women. And what is more, I should have written epigrams which I should not have read to any one, — not like that poor Rufinus." "Thou wert to tell me his history." "I will tell it in the unctorium." But in the unctorium the attention of Vinicius was turned to other objects; namely, to wonderful slave women who were waiting for the bathers. Two of them, Africans, resembling noble statues of ebony, began to anoint their bodies with delicate perfumes from Arabia; others, Phrygians, skilled in hairdressing, held in their hands, which were bending and flexible as serpents, combs and mirrors of polished steel; two


" "Why? Is it because thou hast fallen in love with Pomponia perchance? In that case I pity thee. It is a wonderful house. I know not what rest is. inquired. as the twilight of morning does. and. Since then. "With whom. too. "what a choice thou hast!" "I prefer choice to numbers. There are many people in it. he forgot the maidens from Kos for a moment. and I judge that for personal attendance only upstarts need a greater number of people. I thought that when the sun rose she would vanish before me in the light." said Vinicius. but it is quiet there as in the groves of Subiacum. I passed a number of days in his house? It happened that Plautius came up at the moment when the accident happened. that the rays of the dawn passed right through her body. Brr!" "Not with Pomponia — eheu!" answered Vinicius. — that of those Plautiuses. I wished to speak with thee touching this very matter. waited as vestiplic~." "More beautiful bodies even Bronzebeard does not possess. restored me to health. he took me to his house. and I swear to thee by that foam from which Aphrodite rose. she is not young. raising his head vivaciously. I have seen her twice. "By the cloud-scattering Zeus!" said Marcus Vinicius. for she comes of the Lygian nation. who were simply like deities. the physician Merion. I know not what other desires are. "and I am neither so misanthropic as Barsus nor such a pedant as Aulus Plautius. with a certain friendly indifference. and. and she is virtuous! I cannot imagine a worse combination. "My whole 'familia' 1 in Rome does not exceed four hundred. Callina." answered Petronius. — "Whence did Aulus Plautius come to thy mind? Dost thou know that after I had disjointed my arm outside the city." answered Petronius." When Vinicius heard this last name. but she has her own barbarian name. For a number of days I did not know that a divinity dwelt in the house. — Lygia or Calhina? They call her Lygia in the house. till the moment should come to put statuesque folds in the togas of the lords. and since then. distending his nostrils. Once about daybreak I saw her bathing in the garden fountain. "Thou art my relative.Grecian maidens from Kos. seeing that I was suffering greatly. then?" "If I knew myself with whom? But I do not know to a certainty her name even. there a slave of his. I have no wish to know what 11 .

" "But if thou wish to listen. however. his dear nephews called in the Lygians. but he wrote to Atelius Hister. that is of recent Glaudian times." "She is not a slave. and the sons of Vibilius. and not permit them to disturb our peace. Vannius summoned to his aid the Yazygi. nor feasts. came in such numbers that Caesar himself. hearing of the riches of Vannius. or something of that sort. expelled from his country. and warred with success. Petronius." "Whence dost thou know all this?" 12 . I want neither women. she could not be a freed woman. determined to force him to Rome again — to try his luck there at dice. Thou art acquainted. Vannius. afterward. who commanded the legions of the Danube. too much. nor amber. Vinicius. in sincerity I tell thee. spent a long time here in Rome. perhaps personally. Claudius did not wish to interfere in a war among barbarians. — whole days and night do I yearn. and became even famous for his skilful play with dice. began to fear for the safety of the boundary. Drusus put him on the throne again. Claudius. to turn a watchful eye on the course of the war. ruled well at first. then purchase her. with Vannius. who. among whom were the wife and daughter of their leader. Her story is not a long one. and enticed by the hope of booty. nor gold. I am yearning for her. Hister required." "I remember." "Yes! War broke out." "If she is a slave. thcn. nor wine." "What is she? A freed woman of Plautius?" "Never having been a slave. nor Corinthian bronze. two sister's sons of his. I want only Lygia. to this they not only agreed." "Thou dost rouse my curiosity. he began to skin not only his neighbors. who. king of the Hermunduri. but gave hostages. as that Dream who is imaged on the Mosaic of thy tepidarium yearned for Paisythea. but his own Suevi. who was really a strong man. I will satisfy thy curiosity straightway. It is known to thee that barbarians take their wives and children to war with them. My Lygia is the daughter of that leader. and his good driving of chariots. nor pearls. — a king's daughter. king of the Suevi. of the Lygians a promise not to cross the boundary.the city can give me. Thereupon Vanglo and Sido." "Who is she?" "I know not.

In that house where all — beginning with the masters and ending with the poultry in the hen-house — are virtuous. permitted him to have a triumph. it is easier to find philosophy in the world than wise counsel. I slept one night in the temple of Mopsus to have a prophetic dream. but. would seem like an autumn fig near an apple of the Hesperides. The maiden on that occasion walked after the car of the conqueror. we should recognize his might. but their own king fell. They disappeared with their booty then. — that bright garments frequently cover deep wounds. what is thy wish specially?" 13 . My jests do not prevent me from thinking at times that in truth there is only one deity. while returning from Asia." "She is as transparent as a lamprey eel. creative. eternal. Whether he did well is another question. though we are free not to bless it. Petronius. that he does not believe in the gods. through love. but barbarians come and go like a tempest. So did the Lygians vanish with their wild-ox horns on their heads. that. and declared that. that maiden grew up as virtuous. know this. too. but he believes in dreams."Aulus Plautius told it himself." "Alas! Petronius. the wife of Plautius. since he did so. I must tell thee. The mother died soon after." "Pliny declares. a great change in my life would take place. powerful. but. Venus Genetrix. as is known to thee. — since hostages cannot be considered captives. she unites bodies and things. as I hear. and Hister. returned to Rome. Eros called the world out of chaos. but if the freedom with which I speak of my desire misleads thee. I fell in love to distraction. where Claudius." "And what?" "And I repeat to thee that from the moment when I saw how the sunrays at that fountain passed through her body. indeed. and since Pomponius did not know what to do with her definitely — he gave her to his sister Pomponia Grsrcina. They killed Vannius's Suevi and Yazygi. and perhaps he is right. alas! as Grxcina herself. He. the governor of all Germany. She brings souls together. at the close of the war with the Catti. The Lygians did not cross the boundary. or a youthful sardine?" "Jest not. at the end of the solemnity. then." "Tell me. sent her to Pornponius. Mopsus appeared in a dream to me. if near her. and the hostages remained in Hister's hands. not knowing what to do with the daughter. all. and so beautiful that even Poppae. Well.

If it is thy thought that I might do something for thee with Aulus. as 'tis said? — an event which happens not oftener than once in five centuries. but if that is the only question. I wish that these arms of mine. 14 . — a real cypress. hence. But! hast thou heard that in Upper Egypt the phoenix has just been hatched out. and. Domitius Ahenobarbus." "What shall I tell thee. and when we have refreshed ourselves. a 'one-man woman'. while still alive. among our ladies of four and five divorces. more than others. I would give Aulus for her one hundred maidens with feet whitened with lime as a sign that they were exhibited on sale for the first time. for he knows that I have never been an informer like Domitius Afer." "Thou hart ever been kind to me." "In that case let us go to the triclinium. If she were not the wife of Aulus. which now embrace only air." "She is not a slave. and in general she looks as if. she might be engaged as a mourner. and even respects me.1 Without pretending to be a stoic. though he blames my mode of life." "I judge that thou hast the power. and a whole rabble of Ahenobarbus's intimates. Since the death of Julius she has not thrown aside dark robes. she were walking on the asphodel meadow. with vivacity.' Plautius might yield her to thee if he wished." "Petronius! Petronius! Let us talk of the phoenix some other time. Were she a slave. I will talk with Plautius as soon as they return to the city. perhaps."I wish to have Lygia." "Pomponia I know.Nero's name was originally I." answered Vinicius. If thou wert to survey the position and speak with Plautius. my Marcus? I know Aulus Plautius. she may be considered an 'alumna. Tigellinus. thy mind possesses inexhaustible resources. "but now I shall give command to rear thy statue among my lares. and since she is a deserted maiden." "They returned two days since. moreover. she is straighrway a phoenix. let us give command to bear us to Plautius. Both have become as much attached to her as if she were their own daughter. She is. which Seneca and Burrus looked at through their fingers. I have been offended more than once at acts of Nero. has for me a certain weakness. might embrace Lygia and press her to my bosom. — just such a 1. Thou hast influence over him." "Thou hast too great an idea of my influence and wit. but she belongs to the 'family' of Plautius. who. besides. I wish to have her in my house till my head is as white as the top of Soracte in winter." "Then it seems that thou knowest not Pomponia Graecina. I wish to breathe with her breath. where a meal is now ready. I am at thy command.

The women of Rome admired not only his pliant mind and his taste. was more beautiful than even Vinicius." And in that exclamation there was as much sincerity as flattery. — and I will place offerings before it. and a low "Psst!" was heard. etc. In the baths began a moment of license which the inspector did not prevent. and beyond the curtain of the frigidarium. finding herself at the level of the statue. and pressing her rosy body to the white marble. smiling at Vinicius. and one of whom. he quoted in answer an expression of Seneca about woman. the Phrygians. throwing back her golden hair. and vanished in a twinkle behind the curtain. But at that moment. cast her arms suddenly around its neck. but. which gained for him the title Arbiter cleganti~e. Petronius suspected that they took place. At last she took the stool inlaid with amber and ivory. though older and less athletic. and. In the unctorium only Eunice remained. This admiration was evident even on the faces of those maidens from Kos who were arranging the folds of his toga. In the unctorium the two Grecian maidens. then. and put it carefully at his statue. and the two Ethiopians began to put away the vessels with perfumes. loving him in secret. he conducted him to the triclinium. And then. for he took frequent part in such frolics himself. and the Ethiopians sprang up quickly. Eunice stood on the stool. for Pc. but also his body. 15 . looked him in the eyes with submission and rapture. she pressed her lips with ecstasy to the cold lips of Petronius. as a prudent man. — "By the light of Helios! if the 'godlike' Alexander resembled thee.tronius. At that call one of the Grecians. and.beauty as this one. She listened for a short time to the voices and laughter which retreated in the direction of the laconicum. he looked at them through his fingers." Then he turned toward the statues which ornamented one entire wall of the perfumed chamber. the Phrygians. I do not wonder at Helen. appeared the heads of the halneatores. on which Petronius had been sitting a short time before. placing an arm on the shoulders of his nephew. he added. whose name was Eunice. But he did not even notice this. and pointing to the one which represented Petronius as Hermes with a staff in his hand. and one who did not like to punish. The unctorium was full of sunlight and the hues which came from the manycolored marbles with which the wall was faced. — Animal impud ens.

to the house of Aulus. which was called the morning meal and to which the two friends sat down at an hour when common mortals were abeady long past their midday prandium. and the two men began to walk. but I look on this as barbarous. 16 . it was too early for visits yet. therefore. and Petronius gave command to bear them to the Vicus Patricius." The litter was waiting long since. having given command to bring verbena. on the corner of which were many tabernae of every kind. but did not sleep long. "Thou wilt not believe. and philosophizing a little upon life. — not earlier. however. thinking that custom an old Roman one. The afternoon hours are most proper. he inhaled the perfume and rubbed his hands and temples with it. he gave the direction to carry them along the Vicus Apollinis and the Forum in the direction of the Vicus Sceleratus. and.Chapter 2 Avrza a refreshment. but since Petronius wished to step in on the way to see the jeweller Idomeneus. Petronius withdrew then to the cubiculum. and. Petronius's "insula" lay on the southern slope of the Palatine. to doze in the red light which filters in through the purple halfdrawn velarium." said he. speaking in a careless manner of what was to be heard on the Palatine and in the city. According to him. their nearest way." said he. near the so-called Carinse. In autumn it is still hot. hence they took their places. Petronius proposed a light doze. than that one when the sun passes to the side of Jove's temple on the Capitol and begins to look slantwise on the Forum. was below the Forum. In half an hour he came out. At the same time it is pleasant to hear the noise of the fountain in the atrium." Vinicius recognized the justice of these words. after the obligatory thousand steps. and people arc glad to sleep after eating. Now I am ready. "people who begin to visit their acquaintances about sunrise. "how it enlivens and freshens one. "There are. it is true.

raised to his nostrils in silence his palm odorous with verbena." replied Vinicius. I have quite as nearly enough as she has of me. confused as a youth who still wears a bulla on his neck. I tell thee that they did not tremble when clouds of Parthians advanced on our maniples with howls. "Then permit me to ask if thou know her otherwise than by sight? Mast spoken with her? hast confessed thy love to her?" "I saw her first at the fountain. as if with a certain envy. "Happy man. thanks even to my influence. and then of the fall of small states in Italy. preceded by slaves called pedisequii. By the shield of Hercules. as I do my adored Chrysothemis. Petronius." "Thou knowest not Lygia. Only on the eve of the day for which I announced my departure did I meet Lygia at supper. speaking between us. our Bronzebeard would be on thy side. setting out from the principle that every pheasant eaten brings nearer the end of Roman power." Petronius looked at him. and transfer herself to thine. Look at my knees. but they do not eat them. intended for guests. "No?" inquired Petronius. and do not think that we shall escape this history unless it be thy wish to hear about the effeminacy of these days. with a freshly plucked reed in her hand. which Licinius Stolo strove to prevent. one thing in them will remain eternally good. They have pheasants in their preserves. "though the world and life were the worst possible. Thou wouldst surround her with love and cover her with wealth. "that if thy forest goddess is not a slave she might leave the house of Plautius." said he. after some time. Remember that during my stay in the house of Aulus. I could not sit at the common table. "It occurs to me. I dwelt in a separate villa. and." said he after a while. and seemed to be meditating on something. — youth!" 17 . I merely begged pity with my eyes. In general I do not know whether Aulus will be able to speak of aught else. I met her a second time at the garden cistern." Marcus shook his head. having a disjointed arm. the case would be left with Caesar. the top of which she dipped in the water and sprinkled the irises growing around. but I could not say a word to her. "In the worst event. since then I have met her twice. not being able to utter a word for a long time. and thou mayst be certain that. And. I had to listen to Aulus and his account of victories gained by him in Britain. of whom.Gigantic Africans bore the litter and moved on. but they trembled before the cistern.

I told her that I was returning from Asia. Confused too on her part." said he. and then fled on a sudden like a hamadryad before a dull faun. or something of such sort." said Vinicius. then looked down at the marks drawn already. once more she looked at me. where there is a school for youths unacquainted with life." "As the sea — and I was drowned in them. But guess what she drew!" "If it is other than I supposed." "What dost thou say?" 18 . But I did not understand what he wanted.After a while he inquired: "And hast thou not spoken to her?" "When I had recovered somewhat." "She must have beautiful eyes. she listened to my words with bent head while drawing something with the reed on the saffron-colored sand." "What dost thou wish in particular?" "But what did she write on the sand? Was it not the name of Amor. I ought to give command to bear thee to the house of Gelocius. turning to Vinicius. I shall not guess. as if to ask about something. and had suffered severely. for I know that frequently maidens in Greece and in Rome draw on the sand a confession which their lips will not utter. he will break his head against the columns of Venus's temple. Believe me that the archipelago is less blue. "and before little Aulus ran up. I looked carefully at those marks." "A fish." "O Athene!" exclaimed Petronius. After a while a little son of Plautius ran up with a question. if not. "remove from the eyes of this youth the bandage with which Eros has bound them. that sickness there was better than health somewhere else. "thou first green shoot of the vine! Instead of taking thee to the Plautiuses. that I had disjointed my arm near the city. Afterward she raised her eyes. as in the sea. "O thou spring bud on the tree of life. but at the moment of leaving that hospitable house I saw that suffering in it was more to be wished for than delight in another place. that one might know from it that the satyrs had whispered to the ear of that nymph various secrets of life? How couldst thou help looking on those marks?" "It is longer since I have put on the toga than seems to thee. or a heart pierced with his dart.

Through the middle of the market and along the edges of it flowed a river of people. from tympans stood forth the sculptured forms of gods. at the rostra people listened to chance orators. crowds of idle people assembled to stroll among the columns. the book-shops. he could tell thee something. What did that mean. resembling on that great marble background many-colored swarms of butterflies or beetles. and then entered the Forum Rornanurn. The place was so filled with columns everywhere that the eye was lost in them as in a forest. but thou. from the Summits winged golden quadrig~ seemed ready to fly away through space into the blue dome." Further conversation was interrupted. They towered some above others. Those buildings and columns seemed huddled together. placed higher. or walking around the temple of Vesta. seemed golden in the sunshine and the blue. — that cold blood is flowing in her veins? So far I do not know. of venders 19 . they stretched toward the right and the left. who hast called me a spring bud on the tree of life. to see noted people borne past in litters. came new waves. flowers of the acanthus."I say. since they were borne into crowded streets where the noise of people hindered them. From the Vicus Apollinis they turned to the Boarium. in one place and another rose the shouts of hawkers selling fruit. shops for silk. and all other articles with which the buildings covering that part of the market placed opposite the Capitol were filled. Those lying lower cast lengthened shadows on marble slabs. was buried already in shade. now finished with a simple Done quadrangle. now blooming under architraves." "Carissime! ask such a thing of Pliny. One-half of the Forum. from the side of the temple on the Capitol dedicated to Jupiter Optimus Maximus. crowds passed under the arches of the basilica of Julius C~zsar. the arches where coin was changed. to tell and hear news. or water mixed with fig_juice. thicker and thinner. bronze. immediately under the rock of the Capitol. white or gold colored tree-trunks. or some of them clung to others. fixed serenely above that crowded place of temples. and finally to look in at the jewellery-shops. He knows fish. wilt be able to understand the sign certainly. of tricksters. Down immense steps. Above that forest gleamed colored triglyphs. like greater and smaller. for in the course of his life he ate more fish than could find place at one time in the bay of Naples. now surrounded with Ionic corners. before sunset. they climbed toward the height. If old Apicius were alive. wine. where on clear days. a fish. crowds were sitting on the steps of Castor and Pollux. but the columns of the temples. and they clung to the wall of the Capitol.

with the eternal. from Narbonic Gaul. or watchers. which both dominated the sea of the world and was flooded by it. The many-tongued population repeated aloud their names. on the stone flags. gathered flocks of doves. and snake- 20 . but commanded through science. people from the Euphrates and from the Indus. preserving order on the streets. with the addition of some term of praise or ridicule. with their flat breasts. were not lacking also freemen. Jews. of interpreters of dreams. Greeks from the islands. Syrians from the banks of the Orontes. advancing with measured tread. even clothed. wisdom. Egyptians. as it were. Gauls. In the midst of the people. — an idle population. with pierced ears. and dancers of the East with bright head-dresses. art. from Asia Minor. supported. — and free visitors. priests of Isis. to whose altar more offerings were brought than to the temple of the Capitoline Jove. from Egypt. sloping-eyed dwellers of Lericum. Here and there. and priests of nomad divinities. Germans. In the throng of slaves. of discoverers of hidden treasures. Greeks from Hellas. Here and there the sick. dwellers in the deserts of Arabia. of tile sambuk‚. called it "the nest of the Quirites — without the Quiites. Vinicius. of soothsayers. with palm branches in their hands. and like movable many-colored and dark spots. and deceit. parties of soldiers. the local element was well-nigh lost in that crowd. gigantic light-haired people from the distant north. whom the ease of life and the prospects of fortune enticed to the gigantic city. there was no lack of venal persons. dried up as a bone. so that Petronius. priests of Cybele. There were priests of Serapis. who had not been in the city for a long time. Around about. in the tumult of conversations and cries. Numidians and Africans. who divined the thoughts of his companion. From time to time the crowds opened before litters in which were visible the affected faces of women. were mingled sounds of the Egyptian sistra. the pious. Among the unordered groups pushed from time to time. bearing in their hands golden ears of rice. looked with a certain curiosity on that swarm of people and on that Forum Romanum. or of Grecian flutes. who equally with the Romans commanjied the city. with black and mild eyes. composed of all races and nations. or the afflicted were bearing offerings to the temples. with features. which Caesar amused. Britons. now rising for a moment with a loud sound of wings. from Italy. There appeared Ethiopians.of marvellous medicines. indifferent smile on their faces. rigid and exhausted from living. or the heads of senators and knights." In truth. with beards dyed brick color. now dropping down again to places left vacant by people. the Greek language was heard as often as Latin. eager for the grain given them. and dealers in amulets.

on the Milvian bridge. killed at his command. and. and. and who besides were eternally hoarse and sweating from playing mora on the street-corners and peristyles. who spent their nights in rickety houses of districts beyond the Tiber. They loved him for his munificence. to whom any morning might bring a death sentence. Petronius was well known to those crowds. looking at the title. and Chaldean seers. He was relating to Marcus the case of Pedanius. purchased an ornamented manuscript. after her veins had been opened previously. it is true. reviling meanwhile the fickleness of that rabble which. But he did not care for their love. and his peculiar popularity increased from the time when they learned that he had spoken before Caesar in opposition to the sentence of death issued against the whole "familia. or the kisses sent from lips here and there to him. without distinction of sex or age. descending from tile litter. who applied for grain every week at the storehouses on the Tiber. poisoned by Nero. he inquired." Hence he gave no answer whatever to the applause. Vinicius's ears were struck continually by "Hic est!" (Here he is). against all the slaves of the prefect Pedanius Secundus. because one of them had killed that monster in a moment of despair. people without any occupation whatever. smothered in hot steam at the Pandataria. "'Satyricon'? Is this something new? Whose is it?" 21 . or before the "insuhr" of the great. and Agrippina. next morning after the terrible butchery. "Here is a gift for thee. But he gave conimand to halt before the book-shop of Avirnus. — as an aristocrat and an aesthetic person." that is. and Thrasea. and that he had spoken to Caesar only privately. did not in his eyes deserve the term "human." said he.tamers. who had been banished. "Thanks!" answered Vinicius. He remembered that that crowd of people had loved also Britannicus. applauded Nero on his way to the temple of Jupiter Stator. The love of the mob might be considered rather of ill omen. and sunny and warm days under covered porticos. and in foul eating-houses of the Subura. where from time to time remnants from the tables of slaves were thrown out to them. and Rubelius Plautus. and the sceptical Pctronius was superstitious also. and Octavia. Men with the odor of roast beans. Petronius repeated in public. that it was all one to him. which they carried in their bosoms. He had a twofold contempt for the multitude. finally. who fought for lottery-tickets to the Circus. Nevertheless. which he gave to Vinicius. people who were indignant because of the slaughter loved Petronius from that moment forth. as the arbiter elegantiarum whose aesthetic taste was offended by a barbarous slaughter befitting Scythians and not Romans. Then.

looked around with astonishment." "Thou hast said that thou art no writer of verses. looking at the middle of tile manuscript. I read Nero's poetry. — she who cannot forgive Pomponia because one husband has sufficed her for a lifetime. called the ostium." answered Petronius. and Petronius. hence no one knows of this. and do thou mention it to no man. gave command to bear the litter directly to Aulus's mansion. But I do not wish to go in the road of Rufinus. had never been in it."Mine." But before he had begun. and the result is immediate." "When thou art reading. "Of course it is known to thee that Pomponia Griecina is suspected of entertaining that Eastern superstition which consists in honoring a certain Chrestos. in Rome. in an undertone. "but here I see prose thickly interwoven with them." said Vinicius. A one-man Woman! To-day. "On the road I will tell thee the story of Rufinus. they turned in to the Vicus Patricius. Later on I will tell thee what I heard and saw in it. "Salve!" On the way from the second antechamber. whose history I was to tell thee. others serve themselves with flamingo feathers steeped in olive oil or in a decoction of wild thyme." Meanwhile they had entered the atrium. As to verses. A young and sturdy "janitor" opened the door leading to the ostium. "as proof of what vanity in an author may be. nor of Fabricius Veiento. Vitelius. he stopped the litter again before the shop of Idomeneus the goldsmith. and soon found themselves before the dwelling of Aulus. at least with a clear stomach. sent a nomenclator to announce the guests. turn attention to Trimalchion's feast. uses ivory fingers to thrust down his throat." When he had said this. having settled the affair of the gems. Vinicius said. when he wishes to relieve himself. called atricnsis. They tried her before a domestic court —" "To thy judgment this is a wonderful house. The slave appointed to it. it is easier to get a half-plate of fresh mushrooms from Noricum than to find such. if not with a clear conscience." said he. Straight-way I am able to praise it. since Nero is writing an epic. — "Flast noticed diat tile doorkeepers are without chains!" "This is a wonderful house. they have disgusted me. It seems that Crispinilla rendered her this service. over which a magpie confined in a cage greeted them noisily with the word. to the atrium itself. imagining that eternal sadness reigned in this severe house. and as it were with a 22 . and. who.

because of the unexpected arrival of Nero's friend. Petronius did not divine it. In one corner a bronze fawn. was inclining its greenish head. pushed aside the curtain separating the atrium from the tablinum. he announced with all the eloquence and ease at his command that he had come to give thanks for the care which his sister's son had found in that house. but still somewhat eagle-like. and suggester. though surely Petronius did not divine the cause of it. and griffins. This time there was expressed on it a certain astonishment. Petronius. he was emboldened by his old acquaintance with Aulus. for the atrium produced rather an impression of cheerfulness. and. which was in the middle to receive rain falling through the opening during bad weather. The floor of the atrium was of mosaic. but noble and self-trusting. In that house a special love for lilies was evident. could find nothing which offended his taste.feeling of disappointment. and even alarm. he declared that he had that feeling himself. the velarius. A sheaf of bright light falling from above through a large opening broke into a thousand sparks on a fountain in a quadrangular little basin. grizzled. faced partly with red marble and partly with wood. From the door to the side chamber they were ornamented with tortoise-shell or even ivory. and as to gratitude. both white and red. a trifle too short. when a slave. Among the moist mosses. hence. Aulus assured him that he was a welcome guest. but fresh. and among the bunches of lilies were little bronze statues representing children and water-birds. with a head whitened by hoar frost. on which were painted fish. birds. remote from excess. as if wishing to drink. sapphire irises. with an energetic face. for there were whole clumps of them. to which. He was a man nearing the evening of life. finally. by dampness. who lived with incomparably greater show and elegance. Everywhere calm plenty was evident. In fact. the walls. too. and that gratitude alone was the cause of the visit. in which lily-pots were hidden. this was surrounded by anemones and lilies. and had just turned to Vinicius with that remark. after the first greetings. moreover. and in the depth of the building appeared Aulus Plautius approaching hurriedly. In vain did he raise his hazel eyes. called the impluvium. companion. at the walls between the doors were statues of Aulus's ancestors. endeavoring to remember the least service rendered to Aulus or to any 23 . whose delicate leaves were as if silvered from the spray of the fountain. Petronius was too much a man of the world and too quick not to notice this. attracted the eye by the play of colors.

unless it might be that which he intended to show Vinicius. because of the late autumn." "Because they were days of victory. though equally small. I speak with a hiss. Plautius.one. arid in such an event expiatory sacrifices were perfectly in order. knocked out by a stone from the hand of a Briton. I told Nero that if Orpheus put wild beasts to sleep with song." "But thou. his triumph was equal. who had told this." replied Petronius. Some such thing. — ruin to be averted only by uncommon sacrifices. A certain Cotta. when he had heard the narrative. "when he had the misfortune to doze while listening to Nero's verses. Ahenobarbus may be blamed on condition that to a small criticism a great flattery be added." said he. laughed him out of it. at least. the ruin of a great house. "for he did not hear them." "He was fortunate. alarmed lest the old general might begin a narrative of his former wars. would it be worth while for us to bring offerings to avert that ruin?" 24 . or rather it is not true. it is true." added Vinicius. might have happened involuntarily. added. But if it is a question of the ruin of something as great." said Aulus. Petronius. He recalled none. Mine is indeed too large for such a wretched owner. Our gracious Augusta. for example. whose life thou didst save. understands this to perfection. "though a great man lives in it. but only involuntarily. and during a storm about that time lightning struck off an angle of the temple of Luna. Bronzebeard wished absolutely to send a centurion to him with the friendly advice to open his veins." "Alas! such are the times. too. "I have great love and esteem for Vespasian. "Thy house. In this there was nothing wonderful. but I will not deny that the matter might have ended with misfortune. Poppae. — a thing unparalleled. "in the neighborhood of Prirneste country people found a dead wolf whelp with two heads. as the doinus transitoria. that the priests of that temple prophesied the fall of the city or. expressed the opinion that such signs should not be neglected." "That is true." answered Aulus. still my happiest days were passed in Britain." answered Petronius. is not too large. changed the conversation." Aulus. while telling it. "See. "I lack two front teeth. that the gods might be angered by an over-measure of wickedness. since he had put Vespasian to sleep. But Petronius.

the house was open from end to end. In the garden trichinium. for." said Plautius. Pomponia disturbed his 25 . general!" said Petronius. She was somewhat out of breath. the daughter of Rubehius Plautus. appointed to that game exclusively and called spherist~." Thus conversing. "Oh. her hair blown apart a little. "but then he laughs entire nights. though he did not visit Plautius. shaded by ivy. and flushed. and began to praise Plautius's dwelling and the good taste which reigned in the house." "Petronius does not laugh for days in succession. Petronius cast a quick passing glance at Lygia. He changed the conversation again. he had never been an informer. therefore. by the dignity of her bearing. "permit us to listen from near by to that glad laughter which is of a kind heard so rarely in these days. rising. and woodbine. picked up and placed in their hands." After the curtain was pushed aside which divided the atrium from the tablinum. by her words. they passed through the length of the house and reached the garden. seeing Vinicius. so that through the tabhinum and the following peristyle and the hail lying beyond it which was called the aecus. Petronius. hence people laugh at it. but the young tribune. ran to greet him. with all his inability to feel the difference between good and evil.Plautius did not answer that question. grapes." said Vinicius. and it was possible to talk with him in perfect safety. going forward. hence they went to salute her." "Willingly. childlike laughter came from it tmm the atrium. who stood with a bali in her hand. "but laughter here has another sound." answered Plautius. playing ball." "Life deserves laughter. where Lygia and little Aulus were playing with balls." answered Petronius. She was known to Petronius. "in which nothing has been changed since I inherited it. pensive but mild. But as to laughter. by her movements. and besides at the house of Seneca and Polion. which seemed from a distance like a bright image set in a dark frame. sat Pornponia Graecina. Joyous. the glance extended to the garden. — a carefulness which touched even Petronius somewhat. I think. "that is my little Aulus and Lygia. which slaves. He could not resist a certain admiration with which he was filled by her face. little Aulus. that our whole life is spent in it. bent his head before the beautiful maiden. "It is an ancient seat. for he had seen her at the house of Antistia.

though descending from the midday of life. and. Solina. he began to complain that he saw her so rarely. Veleria. that it was not possible to meet her either in the Circus or the Amphitheatre. O queen." Pctronius said this with a certain sincerity even. to Calvia Crispinilla. and there are faces moreover which Saturn seems to forget. And now. "domina. had preserved an uncommon freshness of face. it is easier for me even to say Hera than Juno. Lygia herself entered the triclinium after the little boy. for example. as if to signify that in presence of her no other divinity could come to his mind: and then he began to contradict what she had said touching old age. — "And we feel stranger and stranger among people who give Greek names to our Roman divinities. despite her solemnity and sadness. he rose. instead of the usual expressions of greeting. "People grow old quickly. Scribonia." Petronius wished to oppose. to which she answered calmly. thanking her for her care of Vinicius. she produced at times. he thrust in. as it were involuntarily. As he had not spoken to her thus far. but there are some who live another life entirely. quoted the words with which Ulysses greeted Nausikaa. "But since Greek rhetoricians taught us. not only felt for her a kind of esteem. Under the climbing ivy." "The gods have become for some time mere figures of rhetoric. and since she had a small head and delicate features. with the light quivering on her face. laying her hand on the hand of her husband: "We are growing old. and other women of high society. she seemed to Petronius more beautiful than at the first glance. and really like some nymph. it is true. despite her dark robes. After he had greeted her and returned thanks. but even lost his previous self-confidence. both of us. who had become uncommonly friendly with Vinicius during his former stay in the house. corrupted to the marrow of his bones. whether thou art some goddess or a mortal! If thou art one of the 26 . but Aulus Plautius added in his hissing voice. for Pomponia Graecina. carelessly. and self-confident as no one in Rome. Meanwhile little Aulus.understanding of women to such a degree that that man. and love our domestic quiet more and more." which never occurred to him when speaking. inclined his head. — "I supplicate thee." He turned his eyes then to Pomponia." replied Petronius. approached the young man and entreated him to play ball. the impression of a woman quite young.

Hence he looked with an inquiring glance at Pomponia. looking quickly at Petronius. and. without boldness to raise her eyes. He himself had never been able to learn it well. she secirmed to hhrm too slender. turning to Petronius. thou seemest no evil man nor foolish. her fresh lips. who was ready to consider Plautius's house as barbarian." Then she turned and ran out as a frightened bird runs. This time the turn for astonishment came to Petronius. a Greek. "who teaches our boy. confused and flushed. he considered it as the summit of social polish. for." said he. wearing only his tunic. But from the moment when he saw her more nearly in the triclinium he thought to himself that Aurora might look like her. and second." The exquisite politeness of this man of the world pleased even Pomponia. in spite of his old Roman prejudices. that an answer was given in the language and poetry of Homer to this exquisite man both of fashion and letters. for she was looking at that moment. as if set for a 27 . with raised arms was trying to catch. which Lygia. thrice blessed are thy father and thy lady mother. which commanded him to thunder against Greek and the spread of the language. with a smile. and a little like a lesson learned. Vinicius had thrown aside his toga. standing opposite. hence her face. As to Lygia. First. She is a wagrail yet. But a wayward smile began to quiver at the corners of her lips. He was glad. and as a judge he understood that in her there was something uncommon. he had become attached to Lygia as to his own daughter. rosy and clear. He considered everything and estimated everything. He was not able to conceal that pride. — "Stranger." Petronius looked through the branches of woodbine into the garden. at the pride reflected on the face of her husband. and thrice blessed thy brethren. to which we have both grown attached. she answered him all at once with the words of that same Nausikaa. quoting them at one breath. and on her face a struggle was evident between the timidity of a maiden and the wish to answer. therefore.daughters of men who dwell on earth. she listened. and at the three persons who were playing there. "We have in the house a pedagogue. The maiden did not make a great impression on Petronius at the first glance. but she could not give him an answer. for he had not expected to hear verses of I lomer from the lips of a maiden of whose barbarian extraction he had heard previously from Vinicius. but clearly the wish was victorious. over this he suffered in secret. but a dear one. was striking the ball. and the maiden overhears the lessons.

with golden powder on her hair and darkened brows. Then he recalled Poppza. old! — as Troy!" Then he turned to Pomponia Graecina. I know a small bit of Anacreon by heart. appearing against the dark background of myrtles and cypresses like three white statues. the divine slope of her shoulders. but I cannot like Petronius quote verses. "Yes. to be fabulously faded. which occupied the middle of the garden. the alabaster whiteness of her forehead." thought he. After a time Aulus sprang up to frighten the fish in the transparent water. flexible. But still Rome envied him that Chrysothemis. slender. After they had walked a while they sat on a bench near the fishpond. when I was sent to the legions in Asia. turning her eyes in the direction of little Aulus and Lygia. scarcely audible. why thou and thy husband prefer this house to the Circus and to feasts on the Palatine. her slender neck. "Vinicius is right. Lygia held little Aulus by the hand. and what he had heard years before from Atelius Hister about the Lygian people who lived in the gloom of the North. The artist was roused in him. the whole posture. and for some time had been walking along the sand of the garden. who told me that happiness consists in wishing what the gods wish." All at once he remembered Chrysothemis. but a radiant soul. and. But the old general began to relate the history of the maiden. nor with love. said. in a low. Chrysothemis seemed to him. and pure laughter seized him. the wealth of her dark hair. nor with life." said he. — "I understand now. and Horace. While a youth I went to school to Musonius." answered she. I had not become acquainted with the city.kiss. In that maiden with Tanagrian outlines there was not only spring. which shone through her rosy body as a flame through a lamp. quivering voice. domina. and the worshipper of beauty. who felt that beneath a statue of that maiden one might write "Spring. when reason is dumb from admiration and unable to find its own words. The three outside had finished playing ball. her eyes blue as the azure of the sea. and that most famous Poppae also seemed to him soulless. "and my Chrysothemis is old." "Yes. and therefore 28 . but Vinicius continued the conversation begun during the walk. young with the youth of May and of freshly opened flowers. with the reflection of amber or Corinthian bronze gleaming in its folds. pointing to the garden. "barely had I cast aside the pretexta. a waxen mask. — something in the nature of a yellowed rose-tree shedding its leaves.

29 . in a voice so low that Virsicius barely heard it. in the reflections of evening. O Lygia. and penetrating her heart with a faintness. and he. O Lygia. experience greater delight or be happier than a simple mortal at the moment when at his breast there is breathing another dear breast. So could I too love.depends on our will. and the whole atmosphere was filled with it. a fear. Lygia?" "No. power are mere smoke. — "But thou knowest of Vespasian's son Titus? They say that he had scarcely ceased to be a youth when he so loved Berenice that grief almost drew the life out of him. but of which she could not give account to herself. I also seek her who would give me happiness —" He was silent — and for a time there was nothing to be heard save the light plash of the water into which little Aulus was throwing pebbles to frighten the fish." And she listened with alarm. that it is something else. — something greater and more precious. and that in that moment a hazy dream was changing into a form more and more definite. which depends not on the will. for love only can give it. Lygia raised on Vinicius her blue eyes as if roused from sleep. I think. more beautiful than all men. however. or when he kisses beloved lips? Hence love makes us equal to the gods. a strong man will be conquered by a stronger. moving the blood in her. The gods themselves seek that happiness. On the motionless cypresses ruddy light was falling. and had sunk low over the Janiculum. who have not known love thus far. Meanwhile the sun had passed the Tiber long since. which was instilling itself into her ears." whispered she as answer. bending over her with a prayer quivering in his eyes. more beautiful. and a kind of uncomprehended delight. But can Caesar himself. And with his fingers he clasped her arm lightly just above the wrist and asked. can any god even. the greater glory of another will eclipse a man who is famous. — "Dost thou not divine what I say to thee. vanity! The rich man will find a richer than himself. She felt that he was rousing in her something which had been sleeping hitherto. O Lygia! Riches. It seemed to her at moments that Vinicius was singing a kind of wonderful song. but after a while Vinicius began again in a voice still softer amid lower. hence I too. and at the same time as if she were listening to the sound of a Grecian flute or a cithara. follow in their footsteps. with astonishment. It seemed to her also that he was telling something which was in her before. than all Greek and Roman gods whose statues she had seen on the fa‡ades of temples. seemed on a sudden. glory. more pleasing.

That is a sweet climate of Sicily. when snow falls on the Alban hills. and do not trifle with Libitina. — "The sun is setting. "I have wished to do so this long time. and I do not feel the cold." "No. under the influence of desire roused by the marvellous maiden. with sudden alarm. he began to tell about Sicily." And again he fell to praising his gardens. Leaves are not falling from the trees yet. so beware of the evening coolness. among which were swarms of buzzing bees. which. and to change like an opal. and. and the people standing near the fishpond. drawing her hand toward him more vigorously. his herds. On the sky the evening light had begun to assume purple and violet hues. was admiring the view of the setting sun. while approaching them." "But see. sitting near Pomponia. and the hills grown over with thyme and savory. forgetting that a moment earlier he had warned them against Libitina. He stated also that it had come to his mind more than once to remove to Sicily. barely half the sun's shield is looking from behind the hill. in the whole garden there reigned an evening calm. and from thinking only of this. who said. Their white garments on the dark background of the myrtles gleamed like gold from the evening rays.But he did not believe her." answered Vinicius. the garden. he looked toward Petronius as if expecting salvation from him alone. for it is quieter in Sicily and safer. Meanwhile Petronius. 30 ." And. In the people. was beating like a hammer. and the gods visit the Campania with piercing wind. he would have drawn it to his heart. and live out his life there in quietness. his house hidden in green. where he had estates and large cultivated fields which he loved. where people gather on the square before sunset and take farewell of disappearing Phothus with a choral song. "I have not put on my toga yet. in the trees. But Vinicius paid no heed to that bucolic note. and the sky smiles on the city lovingly. and would have addressed burning words to her directly had not old Aulus appeared on a path set in a frame of myrtles. who knows but I may remove with my entire household to my quiet country-seat?" "Wouldst thou leave Rome?" inquired Vinicius. "He whose head winters have whitened has bad enough of hoar frost. but when the grapevines grow yellow-leaved. that he might lose Lygia. A strip of the sky became lily-colored. The dark silhouettes of the cypresses grew still more pronounced than during bright daylight.

31 . and said with simplicity. their son. Vinicius. turning to Pomponia. or rather every night. And with a species of astonishment he thought that a beauty and sweetness might exist which he. Near the triclinium were heard in the alley. — "Not Nero. who is one. but before they arrived. but God. just. old Aulus. who chased after beauty and sweetness continually." A moment of silence followed. and all-powerful. He could not hide the thought in himself. had not known. — "But believest thou in the gods. and it struck him especially in the people. a certain serenity. a certain repose. rules the world.That calm struck Petronius. flowing directly from the life which all lived there. and little Aulus. There was a certain light." answered the wife of Aulus Plautius. and said." She raised her delicate face toward the evening light. Pomponia?" "I believe in God. then. In the faces of Pomponia. — "I am considering in my soul how different this world of yours is from the world which our Nero rules. Petronius had put another question. the steps of the old general. Lygia. and Lygia there was something such as he did not see in the faces which surrounded him every day.

And I did not dare to tell! Wilt thou believe. as he fell on Dana‰. "If her God is allpowerful. Zeno. I did not dare! Peacocks are beautiful birds. I would kiss her lips till it pained! I would hear her scream in my arms. I would surround her with a cloud.Chapter 3 "SHE believes in God who is one. Why. I would 32 . When I caught her arm. and olive groves grow gray. who are as much wearied there in Cimmerian regions as a finch in a cage. I feared an outburst. all-powerful." said Petronius. I wished to talk with her and with Plautius about something else. because Auhis and Pomponia are ready to tear thee to pieces. but the spring which I saw once in Helvetia. He sends death justly. but they have too shrill a cry. Let Pomponia meditate with Seneca or Cornurus over the question of what their great Logos is. I must repeat this reasoning to our Bronzebeard. A real 'rosy-fingered Aurora. flame embraced me. then. but none of them a reasoning one. the monkey. He controls life and death. By the holy stomach of the Egyptian Isis! If I had told them right out directly why we came.' And knowest thou what she reminded me of too? — Spring! not our spring in Italy. I suppose that their virtue would have made as much noise as a bronze shield under the blow of a club. Vinicius. I agree that each has three or four souls. Marcus. — young. I do not wonder at thee. as he surrounded lo. Let them summon at once the shades of Xenophanes. But I must praise thy choice. and Plato. as the dogs once tore Actaeon. or I would f all on her in rain." Vinicius was silent a time without raising his head. — "I desired her before. fresh. then he began to speak with a voice broken by passion. and just. As to women. bright green. but know that thou art loving Diana. but now I desire her still more. just as they were gray before. when he found himself again in the litter with Vinicius. where an apple-tree merely puts forth a blossom here and there. By that pale moon. Were I Zeus. Parmenides. and if He is just. since I consider that in dialectics I am the equal of Socrates. does Pomponia wear mourning for Julius? In mourning for Julius she blames her God. I must have her.

" "Calm thyself. I saw that. and listen to his groans —" "Calm thyself. Should she begin to flirt with thee. mad descendant of consuls." "I? Dost thou know what amuses me yet in Chrysothemis? This.kill Aulus and Pomponia. to make wives of their daughters. There is a way to do everything. though they called her a daughter of King Attalus. Aulus considers Lygia as a daughter. But I promise that to-morrow I will think of thy love. and give thyself and me time for meditation. let her ornament the door of my house. for Eros has roused in her the flame too. that she is false to me with my freedman Theokles. We do not lead in barbarians bound behind our cars." "All one to me what thou sayst. and it is well to believe me." "May all the 33 . but if thou wilt not find it.— "Wait. and thinks that I do not notice it." said Vinicius at last. Once I loved her. but to-day I have thought too much already." "Be patient. and still I did not marry her. Chrysothemis seemed to me too a daughter of Jove. I have turned to thee for aid. let her anoint it with wolf's fat." "Whither hast thou given command to bear us?" "To Chrysothemis." And he gave command to bear them both to Chrysothemis. I shall find it myself. Calm thyself! Think that if she wishes to leave Aulus for thee. and unless Petronius is not Petronius. But in the entrance Petronius put his hand on Vinicius's shoulder. Have patience. I will give command to flog one of my slaves. and write letters on the table with her fingers steeped in wine." said Petronius. I will not sleep to-night. it seems to me that I have discovered a plan. "I thank thee. know that I shall not be jealous. but now she amuses me with her lying and stupidity. and it tires me. "Thou hast the longing of a carpenter from the Subura. and said. Know also that thou art not burning alone. I must have her. why should I look on her as a slave? And since there is no other way. just as Nero did not marry Acte. "May Fortune be bountiful to thee. and let her sit at my hearth as wife. honorable methods. he will discover some method. Beware of extremes. and bear her home in my arms. Come with me to her." "Thou art happy in possessing her whom thou lovest." They were both silent again. Exhaust simple. he will have no right to detain her.

my wisdom. 34 ." "Well.gods reward thee!" "I have it! I judge that this plan is infallible. in a few days the divine Lygia will partake of Demeter's grain in thy house." "Thou art greater than Caesar!" exclaimed Vinicius with enthusiasm. Marcus?" "I listen to thee. Knowest what.

from chambers in the lower story intended for servant-women and attendants. Only the old general himself. it is true. Lygia. remained calm. from the bath. Pomponia. Messengers of this kind were more frequently heralds of death. but she said. he said. terror rose through the whole house. O Aulus!" Then. when he had silenced the uproar. So when the centurion struck the hammer at Aulus's door. little Aulus clung to his toga. on the third day a centurion. — "God grant thy fate and mine to be one. From the corridor." And he pushed her aside gently. The family surrounded the old general at once. accustomed for years to look death straight in the eye. and commanded the attendants to disappear. Petronius kept his promise. for no one doubted that danger hung over him above all. kissed his hand. where he had a confidential conversation with Nero. she began to pray with that force which fear for some dear one alone can give. — "Let me go. and the cries of "Heu! heu. embracing his neck with her arms. crowds of slaves began to hurry out. 35 . The period was uncertain and terrible. some scratched their cheeks. me miserum!" were heard. The women broke into great weeping. but in the evening he gave command to bear him to the Palatine. we shall have time to take leave. from the whole house. Pomponia. and her blue lips moved quickly while uttering some whispered phrase. in consequence of this. failing on her knees. with a face pale as linen. and when the guard of the atrium announced that there were soldiers in the anteroom. at the head of some tens of pretorian soldiers. and his short eagle face became as rigid as if chiselled from stone. If my end has come. appeared before the house of Plautius. He slept all the day following his visit to Chrysothemis. After a while. or covered their heads with kerchiefs. from the arches of lower dwellings. clung to him with all her strength.Chapter 4 IN fact.

then raising his eyes to the old centurion." "Of Lygia?" exclaimed Pomponia. he said calmly. Aulus Plautius felt defenceless. Before that frown legions in Britain had trembled on a time. given by 36 . Thou art a hostage. he commands thee to give her into my hands. And turning to the maiden. and the greeting of Caesar. "Be welcome. "I greet thee. nor banishment to distant islands. where the centurion was waiting for him. and say what command thou hast brought. and considering also that the maiden as a hostage should be under the guardianship of Cirsar and the senate. not wishing to burden thee longer. his former subordinate and companion in British wars. But know this. because thou hast given her hospitality in thy house for so many years. "Yes. in the atrium till the hostage is delivered to thee. — "Wait. he began: "Lygia. that thou art not our daughter. I and Pomponia love thee as our daughter. It is a question of thee. or vain words." answered Aulus." Aulus was too much a soldier and too much a veteran to permit himself regret in view of an order. whom that king during the life of the divine Claudius gave into the hands of the Romans as a pledge that the boundaries of the empire would never be violated by the Lygians. thou wert reared in our house as our own child. Hasta." said he. here are the tablets and the signet to show that I come in his name. but. where Pomponia Graecina. to the hall called cecus. however." began Hasta. or complaint. "Caesar has learned that in thy house is dwelling the daughter of the king of the Lygians." "I am thankful to Caesar for the greeting. He looked for some time at the tablets and the signet." answered Aulus. and little Aulus were waiting for him in fear and alarm. A slight wrinkle of sudden anger and pain. "Death threatens no one. Hasta. with astonishment. and even at that moment fear was evident on the face of Hasta. O general." "Aulus Plautius. It was old Caius Hasta. "still Caesar's messenger is a herald of misfortune. "I bring a command." said he. general. Lygia. and I shall obey the command. appeared on his forehead. The divine Nero is grateful to thee. But in view of the order. Lygia.Aulus passed out to the atrium." After these words he passed to the other end of the house.

Lygia listened to his words. In the doors leading from the corridor to the cecus. embracing the maiden with her arms. I will go to Caesar this day. "Farewell. but it 37 . so as not to let himself be conquered by emotion unworthy of a Roman and a general. Lygia." said he. terrified faces of slaves began to show themselves a second time. Now the hour of trial had come. console. a greater. "The will of Caesar must be accomplished. and the light of our eyes. but with a certain strange. nestling up to her breast. where near them in an adjoining chamber the lararium remained yet. Whether he will hear me. Meanwhile. and encourage her. blinking. farewell. And he went to the atrium quickly. Pomponia's cheeks became pallid. he placed his hand on her head. of evil. uttering words meanwhile which sounded strangely in that house. know why we have not the right to raise hands on ourselves! Yes! The law under which we both live is another. "it would be better for her to die. gloomily. and my relatives might give offerings this day to 'Jupiter Liberator. began to comfort. and where the hearth was on which Aulus Plautius. when she had conducted Lygia to the cubiculum. still earlier Lucretia had redeemed her shame with her life." Lygia. our joy. "Aulus!" exclaimed Pomponia. "I would not surrender her alive. Meanwhile Pomponia. faithful to ancient usage. unusual voice. made offerings to the household divinities." The general spoke calmly." said Aulus. and know that I and Pornponia ever bless the day in which thou didst take thy seat at our hearth. when Lygia turned to him eyes filled with tears. On Aulus's face anger and pain were reflected again." Thus speaking. "Mother. who may live to happier times. his voice was filled with deep fatherly sorrow.' But I have not the right to kill thee and our child. repeated. and implore him to change his command.thy people to Rome. and guardianship over thee belongs to Caesar. mother!" unable in her sobbing to find other words. I know not. On a time Virginius had pierced the bosom of his own daughter to save her from the hands of Appius. as if not understanding what the question was. but though he strove to preserve his calmness. a holier. and seizing his hand pressed it to her lips." said he. The house of Caesar is a den of infamy. But we. Now Caesar takes thee from our house. "If I were alone in the world. of crime. as if wishing to defend her. Lygia.

When she thought. — "O domina! permit me to go with my lady. of the dressing-maid who had been her nurse. who with other servants had in his time gone with Lygia's mother and her to the camp of the Romans. And she had wept many nights through already. Next she began to speak of herself. then both went out to the cecus. but I know that resistance is useless. mother. Aulus was a cataract on her eye. Yes! she was calm. and for father and for my brother. but when she stood up again. imploring grace and mercy. I promise thee that in the house of Caesar I will never forget thy words. Lygia dropped to her knees after a while. "I grieve for thee. but in her breast there was no lack of painful wounds. and of all the slaves. but Mercy bears rule. Whoso goes forth pure from the dwelling of corruption has the greater merit thereby. that it might be thus to the end of her life. But she offered her suffering to God. fell now at her feet. a tall and broad-shouldered Lygian. she had passed many nights in prayer. and waited and trusted. — she trusted yet. One of these. but fortunately life is one twinkle of the eye. and would destroy all of us. saying. some calmness was evident on her face. she could not so much as understand how she might be happy even in heaven without them. beyond that not Nero. and resurrection is only from the grave. the fountain of light had not flowed to him yet. called Ursus in the house." 38 . and she took farewell of little Aulus. to serve her and watch over her in the house of Caesar. when a new blow struck her. For example. The earth is that dwelling. Neither was it permitted her to rear her son in Truth. she remained thus a long time in silence. believing that there was a power greater than Nero's and a mercy mightier than his anger. And now. and there instead of pain is delight. and then bent down to the knees of Pomponia. of the old Greek their teacher. when the tyrant's command took from her a dear one." Once more she threw her arms around Pomponia's neck. and that for them a moment of separation might come which would be a hundred times more grievous and terrible than that temporary one over which they were both suffering then.gives permission to defend oneself from evil and shame even should it happen to pay for that defence with life and torment. and. there instead of tears is rejoicing. therefore. — the one whom Aulus had called the light of their eyes. covering her eyes in the folds of Pomponia's peplus. And she pressed the maiden's head to her bosom still more firmly.

" When Aulus. it is true. fearing lest he might be suspected of want of zeal in carrying out orders. and they were obliged in the same way to send her retinue."Thou art not our servant. The eyes of Pomponia and Lygia were filled with fresh tears. They were sending away Lygia as a hostage whom Ciesar had claimed. not only did he not oppose the wishes of Ursus. Considering it natural that the daughter of a king should have a retinue of her own servants. and at the same time consoled herself with the thought that soon grains of truth would be in Caesar's house. Acte. that she was a person different from all other women of Nero's house. but he declared that he had not even the right to detain him. Her choice fell exclusively on adherents of the new faith. but she had heard from them that Acte had never refused them a service. Aulus placed his hand on her head again. had heard what the question was. He begged haste. committing care over Lygia to Nero's freedwoman. I know only that iron breaks in my hands just as wood does. Therefore. at meetings of confessors of the new faith. Pomponia had not seen her. for the centurion could not refuse to receive them. she appointed to her the old tire-woman. he did not raise the least difficulty in taking them to the palace. and that in general she was the good spirit of the palace. Hasta engaged to deliver the letter himself to Acte. too. It was known to her also that the young freedwoman lived in melancholy. however. The moment of parting came. which passed with her to the control of Caesar. Pomponia could count on the faithfulness of those servants. in what way wilt thou be able to watch over her?" "I know not. besides Ursus. and after a while the soldiers. and that she read the letters of Paul of Tarsus eagerly. but wondered rather that there should be so few. There was a certain comfort for Lygia in this. "but if they admit thee through Caesar's doors. but Lygia's. who came up at that moment. Ursus. followed by the cry of little Aulus." answered Pomponia. who in 39 . two maidens from Cyprus well skilled in hair-dressing. domina. had professed it for a number of years. Pomponia also was glad that she could surround her with servants of her own choice. Here he whispered to Pomponia that under the form of an escort she could add as many slaves as she thought proper. and two German maidens for the bath. She wrote a few words also.

"I have revered the gods so far. "Nero is only a handful of rotten dust before God. and at the same time he felt that before its power his power was as nothing. In his life there had been great deeds. but no great misfortunes. and though Seneca's word means nothing with Nero now. The old soldier had grown more attached to Lygia than he himself had been aware of." "Aulus. perhaps he has never even heard of the Lygian people." A moment of silence followed. Cursed be the moment in which Vinicius entered our house. — "See what it is to admit over the threshold any of those people without conscience or honor. Tigellinus." said he. and if he has demanded the delivery of Lygia. — it is easy to guess who could do that." And his speech became more hissing than usual. and only his clenched fists showed how severe was the struggle within him. — "Listen to me. I will go also to Seneca. because of helpless rage and of sorrow for his adopted daughter. he said. and now he could not be reconciled to the thought that he had lost her.— "I judge that Petronius has not taken her from us for 40 . He struggled with himself some time. he has done so because some one persuaded him to it. Pomponia. but a concubine. for he brought Petronius." She raised her eyes to him quickly. Woe to Lygia. the hostage. or Vatinius has more influence. I will go to Caesar. "Is it Petronius?" "It is. shutting himself up with Pomponia in the pinacotheca adjoining the cecus. Petronius. To-day Sophonius. The old general gave command to prepare his litter at once. malicious monster named Nero. though I judge that my visit will be useless." said Pomponia. Besides. conducted Lygia to Caesar's house. but one mad. since those men are not seeking a hostage. hence he was unused to them. But when at last he stifled in himself the anger which disturbed his thoughts. "but at this moment I think that not they are over the world. A hand was weighing on him which he despised.defence of his sister threatened the centurion with his small fists. As to Caesar." But Aulus began to walk with long steps over the mosaic of the pinacotheca. he felt humiliated. meanwhile. then the general continued. he said to her.

Pornponia. 41 .Caesar." And after a while the litter bore him in the direction of the Palatine. Therefore he took her either for himself or Vinicius. who did not cease crying for his sister. or threatening Caesar. since he would not offend Poppan. Today I will discover this. went to little Aulus. when left alone.

though for no other reason than to spite me. freshened his burning lips. It might be possible to do something with them through money. — "Ah. and said. his chariot-driving. his singing. but when he had heard what the question was. received the old general with due honor. also. and then Nero would all the more resolve not to yield her to him. to go to Tigellinus or Vatinius or Vitelius. Therefore. that Aulus must not attempt in future to see him. for should Caesar have the least suspicion on this head. and Caesar does not like those who are silent. either. though ill with a fever. They told him that Caesar was occupied in singing with the lute-player. which he turned against himself: "Thou hast been silent. How couldst thou help being carried away by his beauty. took water from a fountain at the impluvium. not to show Caesar at any time that my heart feels thy pain. and not offer congratulations after the stifling of Octavia? Thou art lacking in foresight. know that he would not give thee back Lygia. whose influence they were trying to undermine. and his verses? Why didst thou not glorify the death of Britannicus. Terpnos. but most likely they would disclose before Nero how dear Lygia was to Plautius. Aulus. his declamation. He loves thee because thou hast served Rome and glorified its name at the ends of the earth. In other words. Seneca. he laughed bitterly." He did not advise him. he raised a goblet which he carried at his belt. noble Plautius. which we who live happily at the court possess in proper measure. Here the old sage began to speak with a biting irony. Plautius. and repeat panegyrics in honor of the mother-slayer. his virtue. and continued. seest thou. they would like to do evil to Petronius. Thus speaking. he loves me because I was his master in youth. perhaps.Chapter 5 AULUS had judged rightly that he would not be admitted to Nero's presence. I know that 42 . — "I can render thee only one service. thou hast been silent for whole years. Nero has a grateful heart. and that in general he did not receive those whom he himself had not summoned. or that I should like to aid thee.

Petronius has lost long since that faculty which distinguishes good from evil. and I drink it in peace. I know of no method against him.' If that will not help thee. "Noble Annaeus. He felt this himself. But to show him that he has done an evil deed is to lose time simply. Perhaps with all his corruption he is worthier than those scoundrels with whom Nero surrounds himself at present. of Citium. But the author of the removal of Lygia is Petronius. "I know how Caesar rewarded thee for the care with which thou didst surround his years of youth. grew so terribly pale that Aulus could not for even an instant suspect him of sharing in the deed." said he. It seemed to him that Lygia. If thou art thirsty. Show him that his act is ugly. should go by another road. and use besides with him all the eloquence with which friendship for me of long standing can inspire thee. Aulus was borne away by terrible anger at sight of the young man occupied calmly with fencing during the attack on Lygia. like a tempest. for example. Seneca lacked the strength of soul which Cornutus possessed." "Petronius and I. he understood that an adherent of the principles of Zeno. 'Thy act is worthy of a freedman. he yields to no man's influence. "are men of two opposite camps. when he learned that Lygia had been carried away. indicate the influences to which he yields. and any one wishing to poison it would have to poison every fountain in Rome. it is possible yet to be safe in this world and to have a quiet old age. When I see him. Then he gave command to carry him to the house of Vinicius. it is true." answered Seneca.this water is not poisoned. The aqueducts bring it from beyond the Alban hills." This was true. or Thrasea. the blood." answered the general. once she 43 . and he suffered more from that cause than from the fear of death itself. but rather in soul than in body. But the general interrupted these reflections full of grief. and barely had the curtain dropped behind the trainer when this anger burst forth in a torrent of bitter reproaches and injuries. he will be ashamed of it. even. The young man's forehead was covered with sweat." "Thanks for that. his eyes began to shoot sparks. Jealousy and rage tossed him in turn. Indicate to me a method against him. which had rushed to his heart for a moment. I will say. returned to his face in a burning wave. his mouth to hurl disconnected questions. whom he found at sword practice with his domestic trainer. But Vinicius. I am sick. As thou seest. nothing can. hence his life was a series of concessions to crime. Wine in my own house would be less reliable. drink boldly of this water.

The old general. and flew to Petronius's house. I would avenge on him the wrong done to Lygia. Know that if Petronius were my own father. carried him away like a wild horse. and they were ready in the depth of their souls to bless both.had crossed the threshold of Caesar's house. He believed that Vinicius would do everything that he had promised. would rather kill her than give her to Caesar. He judged that if Petronius had persuaded Caesar to take Lygia to give her to Vinicius. — death was more acceptable to his pride than disgrace. Vinicius would bring her to their house. Impetuousness. that should Lygia not be rescued she would be avenged and protected by death from disgrace." said he. "return home and wait for me. and he knew the excitability innate in the whole family." When he had said this. After a while a slave entered and handed Aulus a letter. and took from him presence of mind. was lost to him absolutely. — "By those mortal masks! I would rather kill her and myself. Aulus returned home with a certain encouragement. then ran forth like a madman from the atrium. He himself. suspicion flew like a lightning flash through the young soldier's mind. the thought was no little consolation to him. inherited in his family. with a broken voice. When Aulus pronounced the name of Petronius. but in character he was not far from their ideas. however." Then he went with clinched fists to the waxed masks standing clothed in the atrium. though he liked to show command over himself. the last descendant of his stock. "General. gave her the consolation that he had. Return home and wait for me. and burst out. Only in the evening was the hammer heard on the gate. he would doubtless have done so. and both began to await news from Vinicius. Aulus was a soldier. He had seen his rage. and had he not regarded his son. Neither Petronius nor Caesar will have her. and no news came. they thought that perhaps Vinicius was bringing their beloved child to them. he pacified Pomponia. did not find a place in his head. he sent another "Wait for me" after Aulus. Time passed. he had hardly heard of the Stoics. That any one who had seen Lygia would not desire her at once. or keep her for himself. took it with a 44 . At moments when the steps of some of the slaves were heard in the atrium. though he loved Lygia as her own father. When he returned home. thrusting pedestrians aside on the way. Finally. and either wanted to win new favor from Nero by the gift of Lygia. that Petronius had made sport of him.

as I and Petronius incline ours. as if a shadow from a passing cloud had fallen on it.somewhat trembling hand. has happened by the will of Caesar. and began to read as hastily as if it were a question of his whole house. What has happened." 45 . before which incline your heads." said he. "Read. Pomponia took the letter and read as follows: — "Marcus Vinicius to Aulus Plautius greeting. All at once his face darkened. turning to Pomponia.

that I will thrust a knife into thy body.Chapter 6 PETRONIUS was at home. I have no need to fear thee. he rushed into the library with the same impetus. but in his eyes there was a certain pale reflection of energy and daring. though out of one of thy arms two as large as mine might be made. in the evening I regain my former strength. I should be astonished at thy ingratitude. — "What hast thou done with her? Where is she?" Suddenly an amazing thing happened. — "I am incapable only in the morning." said Petronius. broke it. than iron. "but if thou hast betrayed me." On his face not even anger was evident. — that is." "Petronius!" 46 . "Thou hast a steel hand. and a blacksmith thy manners. That slender and effeminate Petronius seized the hand of the youthful athlete. asked. I swear. though thou be in the chambers of Caesar. and. After a while he let the hands of Vinicius drop. in the house of Caesar. with a hoarse voice. learning that the master of the house was in the library. A weaver must have taught thee gymnastics. hence." said he. and. who burst into the atrium like a storm. Try to escape. holding them both in his one hand with the grip of an iron vice. by all the infernal gods. I grieve over thy rudeness. then fixed his fingers into his shoulder. and if the ingratitude of men could astonish me yet. and. On the contrary. as thou seest. he said. The doorkeeper did not dare to stop Vinicius. trampled the reed on the floor. approaching his face to that of his uncle." "Where is Lygia?" "In a brothel." "Let us talk calmly. Vinicius stood before him shamefaced and enraged. he snatched the reed from his hand. which was grasping his shoulder. "Steel is stronger. Finding Petronius writing. then seized the other.

— first. I said further to Bronzebeard. Lucky man!" "Is this true? Does nothing threaten her there in Caesar's house?" "If she had to live there permanently. O Caesar. Vinicius looked for some time with astonished eyes on Petronius. Caesar. Nero will not see her. I persuaded Bronzebeard that a man of his aesthetic nature could not consider such a girl beautiful. not finding it. and second to give her to thee." Silence followed. and be seated." "Look at me.' He agreed. I asked Cirsar for two things. each of us. he had not the least reason not to agree. as a friend of the valiant Lygians. to the degree that just now the centurion was here with 47 . The day before yesterday I spoke to Caesar as follows: 'My sister's son. — "Pardon me. Poppaea would talk about her to Locusta. Not he. Hast thou not a knife there under the folds of thy toga? Perhaps thou wilt stab me! But I advise thee to wait a couple of days. and if thou take her. in passing: 'Take Lygia and give her to Vinicius! Thou hast the right to do so. will keep her a few days in his house. but for a few days there is no danger. but Poppaea. who so far has not dared to look otherwise than through my eyes. Ten thousand people live in it. which he promised me. will not find in her beauty. to send the girl out of the palace at the earliest. and now he has lost all the wit that was in him. nor I — we who know. will not desire her. has so fallen in love with a lean little girl who is being reared with the Auluses that his house is turned into a stealnbath from sighs. and love is disturbing my faculties. and give into thy hands that Lygian treasure. Neither thou. but that lad has ever been as dull as a tripod. to preserve appearances."Calm thyself. I am ready to believe that I told the truth. all the more since I gave him a chance to annoy decent people. to take Lygia from the house of Aulus. of course. Marcus. wilt not waste any of the treasure. and meanwhile Lygia would be wearied in thy house. and then send her to thy insula. They will make thee official guardian of the hostage. will value Lygia now. and. but wilt strive to increase it. Vinicius. for she is a hostage. thou. what true beauty is — would give a thousand's sterces for her. it was necessary to insure ourselves against the monkey and take him on a rope.'" "Petronius!" "If thou understand not that I said this to insure Lygia's safety. all the more since he left everything to me. then he said. and Nero. thou wilt inflict pain on Aulus. and also a faithful servant of CTsar. for thou wouldst be taken to prison. I love her. perhaps. and Poppaea will strive.

But Nero writes. but know also that if I wanted the girl for myself now. I have requested a place for thee at the side of Lygia. I thank thee from my whole soul." "I can forgive thy hastiness. Bronzebeard is a cowardly cur. "The fault is mine. Prodicus. To-day I must pour out a little wine to the shades of Protagoras.information that he had conducted the maiden to the palace and committed her to Acte. even when as powerful as Caesar." Thus speaking. It seems that sophists too can be of 48 . and assured of being beyond punishment. he began to look with his hazel eyes straight into the eyes of Vinicius with a cold and insolent stare. I would say. and that will be the end. strive always for the appearances of truth. for she wrote to Acte. my hastiness. But Tiberius was not a coward. Hast thou recovered to the degree of being able to philosophize a little? More than once have I thought. hence I gave command to deliver Lygia to her. Hence I am virtuous. she will remain in Caesar's palace. but it is more difficult to forgive rude gestures. Caius. "Thou art kind and worthy. and virtue? Why does it take the trouble? I consider that to murder a brother. While they are talking. He knows that his power is unlimited. I should not write justifying letters to the Senate. but if that position were mine. and still he tries to give specious appearances to every act. Permit me only to put one more question: Why didst thou not have Lvgia sent directly to my house?" "Because Caesar wishes to preserve appearances. To-morrow there is a feast at Nero's. I do not like that style. is a thing worthy of some petty Asiatic king." "Pardon me. and do thou guard against it. and Gorgias. and a voice reminding one of players at mora. — that we removed Lygia as a hostage. I judged that thou hadst given command to take her for thyself or for Caesar. She is a good soul. that it is done because transgression is ugly and virtue is beautiful. that Acte. Know that Tigellinus is Caesar's pander. The young man lost himself completely. justice. People in Rome will talk about this. Therefore a man of genuine aesthetic feeling is also a virtuous man. Marcus. Nero is looking for appearances. involuntary homage paid to virtue by evil! And knowest thou what strikes me? This. a mother. for Nero is a coward. a wife." said he. 'Vinicius! I take Lygia from thee. and I will keep her till I am tired of her. Clearly Pomponia Gnecina is of that opinion too. Afterward she will be removed quietly to thy house. still he justified every step he took. vulgar shouts. Why does crime. Why is this? What a marvellous. looking thee straight in the eyes. not a Roman Caesar.

49 . I am ready to pray Bronzebeard to invite him to-morrow to the feast. and then have her in my house daily. especially for Pomponia. Marcus. replied. it would be his duty to come to me and offer a hundred minae for a short treatise on virtue. And if the beast would take at least a preliminary lesson in good declamation! He will blame me. I took Lygia from Aulus to give her to thee." "Aulus has been at my house. He will summon the vengeance of all the infernal gods against me." "Do not do that. — "To-morrow I shall see Lygia. Well." "Write to him that the will of the 'divine' Caesar is the highest law. and being beautiful it cannot be bad. I am sorry for them. for I am speaking yet. and I shall have Aulus on my head. I promised to give him news of Lygia." But Vinicius. It is necessary that the old man should have some consolation. Let him see thee in the triclinium next to Lygia. and that thy first son will bear the name Aulus. as my former doorkeeper blamed my clients but him I sent to prison in the country. Ye are both beautiful.service. always. Listen. here sitting before thee is virtue incarnate in Caius Petronius! If Aristides were living. But Lysippus would have made wonderful groups of her and thee. therefore my act is beautiful." And he sat down to write that letter which took from the old general the remnant of his hope." "Thou wilt have Lygia. as a man more concerned with reality than with treatises on virtue. however. and till death.

she was looked upon as a person wholly inoffensive. not only sat at feasts with Claudius. it was only to implore mercy for some one. And as in their time Pallas and Narcissus. It was known that she could not tear her thoughts and soul from those memories. Poppaea considered her merely as a quiet servant. though freedmen of Claudius. This was done perhaps because her beautiful form was a real ornament to a feast. and gave her special apartments with a few servants. since there was no real fear that Nero would return to her. and if on any occasion she used her influence over the young ruler.Chapter 7 ONCE the highest heads in Rome inclined before Acre. and hence was left in peace. but expected nothing. Caesar for that matter had long since ceased to count with any appearances in his choice of company. but also held places of honor as powerful ministers. let her live in the palace. when he had freed her. but mainly those who were content to be jesters as well. It was known that she continued to love Nero with a sad and pained love. she won the gratitude of many. At his table the most varied medley of people of every position and calling found places. Even Octavia was unable to hate her. eager for luxury. There were patricians. But since Caesar had loved her once and dropped her without offence in a quiet and to some extent friendly manner. Nero. but better. To those who envied her she seemed exceedingly harmless. excess. Among them were senators. Quiet and unassuming. and made no one her enemy. But even at that period she showed no desire to interfere in public questions. and enjoyment. so harmless that she did not even try to drive her from the palace. so she too was invited at times to Caesar's table. a certain respect was retained for her. There were also high officials. and priests who at full goblets were 50 . who did not hesitate to put on a yellow wig of an evening and seek adventures on dark streets for amusement's sake. which lived not in hope. but only in memories of the time in which that Nero was not only younger and loving. old and young. There were women with great names. the former favorite of Nero.

and vile scrapings of talent. Among these were not lacking even men who covered with long hair their ears pierced in sign of slavery. that ruin was threatening her in the palace. Pomponia Graecina. High and low. but whom she had come to love with her half-childlike heart for the sweetness of his doctrine. tale-tellers. poets who. thronged to the palace to sate their dazzled eyes with a splendor almost surpassing human estimate. and to approach the giver of every favor. miraclewrights. and a dazed feeling. the lesser served to amuse in time of eating. finally. That day Lygia too had to take part in such a feast. mimes. She was confident too that now neither Aulus nor Pomponia would be answerable for her actions.willing to jeer at their own gods. moreover. and property. it is true. She knew. while declaiming. were thinking of the sesterces which might fall to them for praise of Caesar's verses. she was not without knowledge. dancers of both sexes. however. The luxury of the court gilded everything. and confessing a lofty faith. Though young. uncertainty. The most noted sat directly at the tables. liked their society. but might also exalt beyond measure. But having a youthful spirit. tricksters. herself and also that Divine Teacher in whom she not only believed. wealth. for knowledge of evil in those times reached even children's ears early. jesters. she was thinking therefore whether it would 51 . and their friends. noted charioteers. the bitterness of his death. At the side of these was a rabble of every sort: singers. and the glory of his resurrection. for these guests they were forced more than once to find clothing befitting the chambers of Caesar. who. she feared the people and the palace whose uproar deprived her of presence of mind. Vatinius. she had promised to defend herself against that ruin. therefore. the descendants of great families. — whose single glance might abase. and the most varied adventurers brought through fashion or folly to a few days' notoriety. not to be wondered at after the sudden change. had warned her of this at the moment of parting. and covered all things with glitter. through feeling most free in it. hungry philosophers following the dishes with eager eyes. Pomponia. She feared Nero. Fear. and the needy from the pavements of the city. Guests of this sort were furnished by Tigellinus. great artists. were struggling in her with a wish to resist. she feared the feasts of whose shamelessness she had heard from Aulus. implanted in her by her foster mother. and waited for the moment in which the servants would permit them to rush at the remnants of food and drink. unacquainted with corruption. musicians. she had promised her mother. and Vitelius.

had been mastered at moments by a similar desire.not be better to resist and not go to the feast. expose oneself from the first moment to his anger? To act thus one would need to be a child that knows not what it says. On the one hand fear and alarm spoke audibly in her soul. No law of nations protects her. The Divine Teacher had cormmanded to act thus. But now. There was in it much childish brooding. in exposure to torture and death. Lygia. and borne by equally white angels into the azure sky. who rose from the dead. "So it is. and he will dispose of her. If the decisive moment comes when thou must choose between disgrace and death. above which there is not another on earth. and her imagination admired such a vision. and that to you as to the Stoics. Pomponia had told her that the most earnest among the adherents desire with all their souls such a test. "I too have read the letters of Paul of Tarsus. and what kind of torments they would provide. It has pleased Caesar to take her. when opposition to Caesar's will might draw after it some terrible punishment. half childish yet. who at command of Tiberius had to pass through shame before her death. so as to respect a law which prohibits the punishment of virgins with death? Lygia. Thenceforth she is at his will. do not irritate Caesar. and the martyrdom scene of imagination become a reality. hearing of these hesitations. thou wilt act as thy faith 52 . on the other the wish rose in her to show courage in suffering. He had given the example himself. and even if it did. Lygia. as to how they would punish her. To oppose Caesar's will. there was added to the beautiful visions and to the delight a kind of curiosity mingled with dread. properly speaking. was hesitating on two sides. And Lygia." continued Acte. a young maiden. white as snow. But canst thou say that death awaits thee and not shame too? Hast thou heard of the daughter of Sej anus. but on the earth there is only Caesar. which Pomponia had reprimanded. and I know that above the earth is God. Think of this. She had seen herself as a martyr. and pray for it. From Lygia's own words it appears that she is. Caesar is powerful enough to trample on it in a moment of anger. beautiful with a beauty not of earth. And her soul. with wounds on her feet and hands. — of whom Epictetus has told me. but there was in it also something of delight in herself. and the Son of God. looked at her with astonishment as if the maiden were talking in a fever. I know too that thy doctrine does not permit thee to be what I was. it is permitted to choose only death. but a maiden forgotten by her own people. — when it comes to a choice between shame and death. when still in the house of Aulus. But Acte. not really a hostage.

Do not even think of opposing Caesar. he has not inquired about thee. hence he does not care about thee. and then disengaging herself from the arms of the maiden. she pushed her sweet face up to Lygia's as if wishing to see surely the effect of her words. answered. Nero gave command. as thou knowest. — "My happiness has passed and my joy is gone. when he ceased to love. and do not irritate for a trivial cause an earthly and at the same time a cruel divinity. that thou shouldst be at the feast. but he has not seen thee yet." Here her eyelids filled with tears. since she bore him a daughter. "I love him. Lygia. Here Poppaea rules. — "Let us speak of thee. that would be madness. disturbed by memories. All his change came later. No. And again she began to walk. with a low voice. — "No one loves him but me. and asked at last." Acte spoke with great compassion. and he wished to be good. during which Acte strove to recover her calmness. Acre?" "I am sorry for him!" answered the Grecian. and her face without hope. and being a little short-sighted. But Lygia threw her arms around Acte's neck with childish trustfulness and said. is more than ever under her influence. she said. it is true. "No! And he was not wicked. "Dost thou love him yet. Others made him what he is — yes. And be calm.commands. as if in despair. Lygia followed her for some time with her blue eyes. but seek not destruction thyself. I know this house well. timidly. Petronius wrote me to have care of thee. others — and Poppae. he would not have brought thee to the Palatine." Silence followed. and I judge that on Caesar's part nothing threatens thee. He thought himself good at that time." And after a while she added. Acte. I know that best. Acte?" asked Lygia. and Nero. Maybe 53 . maybe they had an understanding. — "Art thou sorry for him." Then she began to walk with quick steps through the room and to speak to herself. — "Thou art kind. and when at length her face resumed its usual look of calm sorrow. Maybe he took thee from Aulus and Pomponia only through anger at them. her hands clinched as if in pain. pressed her to her heart. pleased by the praise and confidence." Acte. but I am not wicked. and since Pomponia too wrote. If Nero had given command to take thee away for himself. and even with enthusiasm.

Second. and said. — "Perhaps Petronius only said. No! it does not seem to me that if Petronius wished to take thee from Aulus he would use such a method. nothing threatens thee.he did that at her request. both would tell thee as I do. in Nero's presence at some supper." "Dost thou think that Nero likes him?" "All like Vinicius." "Ah. and then said. that he saw a hostage of the Lygians at Aulus's." "He is a relative of Petronius." "And would he intercede for thee?" "He would. and who knows if Nero may not send thee back to Aulus at his persuasion? I know not whether Nero loves him over much." "Caesar does not like them. who is jealous of his own power. that it would be madness and ruin to 54 . If this be true." said Acte." "That would be bad. that would be enough to make Nero act otherwise. and returned not long since from Armenia. Thou must be there. demanded thee only because hostages belong to Caesar. Acte!" answered Lygia. if he at the request of Pomponia will occupy himself with thee." "If Seneca advised something. If they were here." The bright face of Lygia was covered with a blush. — only such a child as thou could think otherwise. But he does not like Aulus and Pomponia. first. if thou wish to return to the house of Aulus." Acte smiled tenderly. but I know that rarely has he the courage to be of an opinion opposite to his. But she stopped for a while. Hast thou not seen at Aulus's some one who is near Caesar?" "I have seen Vespasian and Titus. I do not know whether Petronius is better than others of Caesar's court. "And Vinicius—" "I do not know him. "Petronius was with us before they took me. "Then thou wilt see him surely at the feast. and Nero. because thou must. but he is different. thou wilt find means of beseeching Petronius and Vinicius to gain for thee by their influence the right to return. Maybe too thou wilt find some one else who would be willing to intercede for thee." "And Seneca. and my mother was convinced that Nero demanded my surrender at his instigation.

Caesar might not notice thy absence. and stepping back a few paces. as if a 55 . Go. there was yet much of the ancient Hellenic spirit. with her hands on her bosom. but if he noticed it and thought that thou hadst the daring to oppose his will. even when women were by themselves. wonderful as a wonderful dream. and downcast eyes. she removed the pins which held her hair. I will add. But Acte was right. she resolved to dress her herself. she could not restrain an exclamation of wonder at sight of her form." "Thou art right. raising her arms with sudden movement.try resistance. she covered herself with it as with a mantle. when necessity and simple reason supported the hidden temptation. at once slender and full. and to see at it Caesar. as it were. where modesty was observed. Lygia could not give account to herself of a certainty. here would be no salvation for thee. the court. When she had undressed Lygia. harmonious as a work of Praxiteles or as a song. through sympathy for the maiden whose beauty and innocence had caught her heart. lightly." exclaimed she at last. with knees pressed together. There was need to go. — "Oh. she looked with delight on that matchless. and though there was no lack of slave women in Caesar's house. she ceased to hesitate. said. stood alarmed. "thou art a hundred times more beautiful than Poppaea!" But. to which physical beauty spoke with more eloquence than aught else on earth." How much desire to see Vinicius and Petronius there was in this resolve. Acte. but lightly. from pearl and roses. and in one moment. with one shake of her head. and Lygia felt this distinctly. and all that unheard-of splendor. where it waves. "Lygia. what hair thou hast! I will not sprinkle golden powder on it. of which wonders were narrated in Rome. the maiden. Lygia! Dost thou hear the noise in the palace? The sun is near setting. still. it gleams of itself in one place and another with gold. therefore. "and I will follow thy advice. barely a sprinkle here and there. and Acte had enough of them for her personal service. At last. the renowned Poppaea and other beauties. blushing from modesty. Acre conducted her to her own unctorium to anoint and dress her. it is true. It became clear at once that in the young Grecian. spring-like form. in spite of her sadness and her perusal of the letters of Paul of Tarsus. perhaps. how much of woman's curiosity there was to see such a feast once in life. reared in the strict house of Pomponia. created." answered Lygia. approaching her and touching her dark tresses. guests will begin to arrive soon.

gave command to the women to dress her. and. pepluses." answered Lygia. When she had finished this work. of which the modest house of Aulus could not have given her the slightest idea. over which was to be put a snow-white peplus. and knights. over which the splendid quadrig~ of Lysias seemed to bear Apollo and Diana into space. When at last the hair-dressing was finished.sun ray had freshened it. gave her for a time into the hands of slave women. embroidered with purple. seating her in an armchair. and then dressed her in a soft gold-colored tunic without sleeves. Two other slave women put on Lygia's feet white sandals. both entered the side portico from which were visible the chief entrance. Gradually people passed in greater and greater numbers under the lofty arch of the entrance." said Acte. on which the rays of the setting sun were expiring. But since she had to dress Lygia's hair first. representing gods or heroes. which shone like gold in those gleams and changed into rose color also. and forests. "but Ursus has told me that with us it is forests. and robes. in sandals with crescents on them. — men and women. It was sunset. and touching her hair at the folds with gold dust." "But flowers bloom in those forests. But she was ready soon. the last rays were falling on the yellow Numidian marble of the columns. crowds of people flowed past. so as to stand at a distance herself and follow the hairdressing. resembling statues also. in Roman. she showed her Roman ladies. then Acte fastened pearls to her neck. dipping her hand in a vase filled with verbena. Wonderful must thy Lygian country be where such maidens are born! "I do not remember it. Lygia's eyes were struck by that magnificence. falling with grace and beauty toward the earth in soft folds. in 56 . the interior galleries. looked from above on that throng. Acre anointed her body lightly with odoriferous oils from Arabia. she put on her meanwhile a kind of roomy dress called synthesis. and famed artists. light folds. A gigantic Hercules. and moistening Lygia's hair with it. they put a peplus on her in very beautiful. Acte showed Lygia senators in widebordered togas. for they were draped in togas. from the breast down sunk in shadow cast by the columns. Among the columns. forests. and when the first litters began to appear before the main gate. following Lygia with delighted eyes meanwhile. and the courtyard surrounded by a colonnade of Numidian marble. with head in the light yet. in colored tunics. at the side of white statues of the Danaides and others. fastening them to her alabaster ankles with golden lacings drawn crosswise.

in a feathered helmet. For her this was a strange world. silver. a smile conceals terror. time after time. Here and there among dark or swarthy visages was the black face of a Numidian. there the elder Drusus was poisoned. and the calm house of Aulus.Grecian. and with large gold rings in his ears. It seemed that in the midst of those marbles of simple lines demigods might live free of care. Lygia's frightened thoughts could not keep pace with Acte's words. at peace and in happiness. there his child was dashed against a stone. — everywhere those walls had heard the groans and death-rattle of the dying. and Claudius in convulsions. small boys. hand lamps of gold. perhaps. in flowers. envy are gnawing at this moment into the hearts of those crowned demigods. low on the head. a new and dreadful secret of that palace and those people. of both sexes. or dressed like that of the statues of goddesses. Meanwhile the low voice of Acte disclosed. and pretorian soldiers. there Germanicus suffered. with hair dressed in towers or pyramids. who in appearance are free of care. and wonder. who kept guard in the palace. there Gemellus quivered in terror. amazement. there at a distance is the covered portico on whose columns and floor are still visible red stains from the blood with which Caligula sprinkled the white marble when he fell beneath the knife of Cassius Chaerea. greed. inexpressible yearning for the beloved Pomponia Graecina. and in her soul she struggled with an immense. brief and sometimes terrible. in those rows of motionless columns vanishing in the distance. The courtyard and the colonnades were swarming with the multitude of Caesar's slaves. and those people~ hurrying now to the feast in togas. perhaps feverishness. and in jewels. and not crime. Many men and women did Acte call by name. in colored tunics. but whose contrasts her girlish understanding could not grasp. In those twilights of the sky. Some were bearing lutes and citharas. may be the condemned of to-morrow. and adorned with flowers. escorting their patrons. Meanwhile new waves of guests were flowing in from the Vicus Apollinis. there was a certain lofty repose. adding to their names histories. on more than one face. there his wife was slain. under that wing is the dungeon in which the younger Drusus gnawed his hands from hunger. and when that wonderful world attracted her eyes with increasing force. in fantastic Oriental costume. alarm. the uncertainty of the next day. in which love. and in those statuesque people. which pierced Lygia with fear. See. her heart contracted within her from fear. and bronze. was the ruling power. whose beauty intoxicated her eyes. and bunches of 57 . From beyond the gates came the uproar and shouts of clients.

58 . losing the remnant of her consciousness. in their togas. She felt guilty. the beating of her heart stopped her breath. But the next moment she feared that delight. The shout deafened her. reared artificially despite the late autumn season. she heard the shout with which the guests greeted Caesar. she saw Caesar himself. like white gods. and false to herself. Despair swept her away. and especially when she saw Vinicius. she felt all at once that not only must she be at that feast. Louder and louder the sound of conversation was mingled with the plashing of the fountain. and another to delight in such a necessity. Had she been alone. when she saw those two known and friendly faces among strange people. unworthy.flowers. ceased at once to be painful. Acte had stopped her narration. the warnings of Pornponia. and from among the columns came forth Vinicius with Petronius. All at once her face was covered with a blush. She felt less alone. The desire to see Vinicius and to talk with him drowned in her other voices. in spite of those words and warnings. delight seized her straightway. and which was sounding like a song in her ears yet. false to Pomponia. That measureless yearning for Pomponia and the house of Aulus. who seated her at the table and took a place at her side. In vain did she remember all the evil which she had heard of the house of Caesar. which had broken out in her a little while before. as if searching for some one. saying. the words of Acte. As in a dream. At the thought that soon she would hear that dear and pleasant voice. Darkness was in her eyes. which had spoken of love to her and of happiness worthy of the gods. taking her hand at that moment. It seemed to Lygia. the odors intoxicated. "Mea culpa! mea culpa!" Acte. where the feast was to be. as if in sobs. They went to the great triclinium. beautiful. and. as in a dream. calm. and a roaring in her ears from internal emotion. but Lygia gazed at the throng. It is one thing to go by constraint. led her through the interior apartments to the grand triclinium. and ruined. she was barely able to recognize Acte. she would have knelt down and beaten her breast. she saw thousands of lamps gleaming on the tables and on the walls. but that she wished to be there. as through a mist. the glitter dazzled. and she wanted to weep. It seemed to her that she would be false to the pure teaching in which she had been reared. the rosy streams of which fell from above on the marble and were broken. that a great weight had fallen from her heart.

But after a while a low and known voice was heard at the other side, — "A greeting, most beautiful of maidens on earth and of stars in heaven. A greeting to thee, divine Callina!" Lygia, having recovered somewhat, looked up; at her side was Vinicius. He was without a toga, for convenience and custom had enjoined to cast aside the toga at feasts. His body was covered with only a sleeveless scarlet tunic embroidered in silver palms. His bare arms were ornamented in Eastern fashion with two broad golden bands fastened above the elbow; below they were carefully stripped of hair. They were smooth, but too muscular, — real arms of a soldier, they were made for the sword and the shield. On his head was a garland of roses. With brows joining above the nose, with splendid eyes and a dark complexion, he was the impersonation of youth and strength, as it were. To Lygia he seemed so beautiful that though her first amazement had passed, she was barely able to answer, — "A greeting, Marcus." "Happy," said he, "are my eyes, which see thee; happy my ears, which hear thy voice, dearer to me than the sound of lutes or citharas. Were it commanded me to choose who was to rest here by my side at this feast, thou, Lygia, or Venus, I would choose thee, divine one!" And he looked at the maiden as if he wished to sate himself with the sight of her, to burn her eyes with his eyes. His glance slipped from her face to her neck and bare arms, fondled her shapely outlines, admired her, embraced her, devoured her; but besides desire, there was gleaming in him happiness, admiration, and ecstasy beyond limit. "I knew that I should see thee in Caesar's house," continued he; "but still, when I saw thee, such delight shook my whole soul, as if a happiness entirely unexpected had met me." Lygia, having recovered herself and feeling that in that throng and in that house he was the only being who was near to her, began to converse with him, and ask about everything which she did not understand and which filled her with fear. Whence did he know that he would find her in Caesar's house? Why is she there? Why did Ciesar take her from Pomponia? She is full of fear where she is, and wishes to return to Pomponia. She would die from alarm and grief were it not for the hope that Petronius and he will intercede for her before Caesar. Vinicius explained that he learned from Aulus himself that she had been taken. Why she is there, he knows not. Caesar gives account to no one of his orders and commands But let her not fear. He, Vinicius, is near


her and will stay near her. He would rather lose his eyes than not see her; he would rather lose his life than desert her. She is his soul, and hence he will guard her as his soul. In his house he will build to her, as to a divinity, an altar on which he will offer myrrh and aloes, and in spring saffron and apple-blossoms; and since she has a dread of Caesar's house, he promises that she shall not stay in it. And though he spoke evasively and at times invented, truth was to be felt in his voice, because his feelings were real. Genuine pity possessed him, too, and her words went to his soul so thoroughly that when she began to thank him and assure him that Pomponia would love him for his goodness, and that she herself would be grateful to him all her life, he could not master his emotion, and it seemed to him that he would never be able in life to resist her prayer. The heart began to melt in him. Her beauty intoxicated his senses, and he desired her; but at the same time he felt that she was very dear to him, and that in truth he might do homage to her, as to a divinity; he felt also irresistible need of speaking of her beauty and of his own homage. As the noise at the feast increased, he drew nearer to her, whispered kind, sweet words flowing from the depth of his soul, words as resonant as music and intoxicating as wine. And he intoxicated her. Amid those strange people he seemed to her ever nearer, ever dearer, altogether true, and devoted with his whole soul. He pacified her; he promised to rescue her from the house of Caesar; he promised not to desert her, and said that he would serve her. Besides, he had spoken before at Aulus's only in general about love and the happiness which it can give; but now he said directly that he loved her, and that she was dear and most precious to him. Lygia heard such words from a man's lips for the first time; and as she heard them it seemed to her that something was wakening in her as from a sleep, that some species of happiness was embracing her in which immense delight was mingled with immense alarm. Her cheeks began to burn, her heart to beat, her mouth opened as in wonder. She was seized with fear because she was listening to such things, still she did not wish for any cause on earth to lose one word. At moments she dropped her eyes; then again she raised her clear glance to Vinicius, timid and also inquiring, as if she wished to say to him, "Speak on!" The sound of the music, the odor of flowers and of Arabian perfumes, began to daze her. In Rome it was the custom to recline at banquets, but at home Lygia occupied a place between Pomponia and little Aulus. Now Vinicius was reclining near her, youthful, immense, in love, burning; and she, feeling the heat that issued from him, felt both delight and shame. A kind of sweet weakness, a


kind of faintness and forgetfulness seized her; it was as if drowsiness tortured her. But her nearness to him began to act on Vinicius also. His nostrils dilated, like those of an Eastern steed. The beating of his heart with unusual throb was evident under his scarlet tunic; his breathing grew short, and the expressions that fell from his lips were broken. For the first time, too, he was so near her. His thoughts grew disturbed; he felt a flame in his veins which he tried in vain to quench with wine. Not wine, but her marvellous face, her bare arms, her maiden breast heaving under the golden tunic, and her form hidden in the white folds of the peplus, intoxicated him more and more. Finally, he seized her arm above the wrist, as he had done once at Aulus's, and drawing her toward him whispered, with trembling lips, — "I love thee, Callina, — divine one." "Let me go, Marcus," said Lygia. But he continued, his eyes mist-covered, "Love me, my goddess!" But at that moment was heard the voice of Acte, who was reclining on the other side of Lygia. "Caesar is looking at you both." Vinicius was carried away by sudden anger at Caesar and at Acre. Her words had broken the charm of his intoxication. To the young man even a friendly voice would have seemed repulsive at such a moment, but he judged that Acte wished purposely to interrupt his conversation with Lygia. So, raising his head and looking over the shoulder of Lygia at the young freed-woman, he said with malice: "The hour has passed, Acte, when thou didst recline near Caesar's side at banquets, and they say that blindness is threatening thee; how then canst thou see him?" But she answered as if in sadness: "Still I see him. He, too, has short sight, and is looking at thee through an emerald." Everything that Nero did roused attention, even in those nearest him; hence Vinicius was alarmed. He regained self-control, and began imperceptibly to look toward Caesar. Lygia, who, embarrassed at the beginning of the banquet, had seen Nero as in a mist, and afterward, occupied by the presence and conversation of Vinicius, had not looked at him at all, turned to him eyes at once curious and terrified. Acte spoke truly. Caesar had bent over the table, half-closed one eye, and holding before the other a round polished emerald, which he used, was looking at them. For a moment his glance met Lygia's eyes, and the


heart of the maiden was straitened with terror. When still a child on Aulus's Sicilian estate, an old Egyptian slave had told her of dragons which occupied dens in the mountains, and it seemed to her now that all at once the greenish eye of such a monster was gazing at her. She caught at Vinicius's hand as a frightened child would, and disconnected, quick impressions pressed into her head: Was not that he, the terrible, the all-powerful? She had not seen him hitherto, and she thought that he looked differently. She had imagined some kind of ghastly face, with malignity petrified in its features; now she saw a great head, fixed on a thick neck, terrible, it is true, but almost ridiculous, for from a distance it resembled the head of a child. A tunic of amethyst color, f orbidden to ordinary mortals, cast a bluish tinge on his broad and short face. He had dark hair, dressed, in the fashion introduced by Otho, in four curls. He had no beard, because he had sacrified it recently to Jove, — for which all Rome gave him thanks, though people whispered to each other that he had sacrificed it because his beard, like that of his whole family, was red. In his forehead, projecting strongly above his brows, there remained something Olympian. In his contracted brows the consciousness of supreme power was evident; but under that forehead of a demigod was the face of a monkey, a drunkard, and a comedian, — vain, full of changing desires, swollen with fat, notwithstanding his youth; besides, it was sickly and foul. To Lygia he seemed ominous, but above all repulsive. After a while he laid down the emerald and ceased to look at her. Then she saw his prominent blue eyes, blinking before the excess of light, glassy, without thought, resembling the eyes of the dead. "Is that the hostage with whom Vinicius is in love?" asked he, turning to Petronius. "That is she," answered Petronius. "What are her people called?" "The Lygians." "Does Vinicius think her beautiful?" "Array a rotten olive trunk in the peplus of a woman, and Vinicius will declare it beautiful. But on thy countenance, incomparable judge, I read her sentence already. Thou hast no need to pronounce it! The sentence is true: she is too dry, thin, a mere blossom on a slender stalk; and thou, O divine aesthete, esteemest the stalk in a woman. Thrice and four times


art thou right! The face alone does not signify. I have learned much in thy company, but even now I have not a perfect cast of the eye. But I am ready to lay a wager with Tullius Senecio concerning his mistress, that, although at a feast, when all are reclining, it is difficult to judge the whole form, thou hast said in thy mind already, 'Too narrow in the hips.'" "Too narrow in the hips," answered Nero, blinking. On Petronius's lips appeared a scarcely perceptible smile; but Tullius Senecio, who till that moment was occupied in conversing with Vestinius, or rather in reviling dreams, while Vestinius believed in them, turned to Petronius, and though he had not the least idea touching that of which they were talking, he said, — "Thou art mistaken! I hold with Casar." "Very well," answered Petronius. "I have just maintained that thou hast a glimmer of understanding, but Caesar insists that thou art an ass pure and simple." "Habet!" said Caesar, laughing, and turning down the thumb, as was done in the Circus, in sign that the gladiator had received a blow and was to be finished. But Vestinius, thinking that the question was of dreams, exclaimed, — "But I believe in dreams, and Seneca told me on a time that he believes too." "Last night I dreamt that I had become a vestal virgin," said Calvia Crispinilla, bending over the table. At this Nero clapped his hands, other followed, and in a moment clapping of hands was heard all around, — for Crispinilla had been divorced a number of times, and was known throughout Rome for her fabulous debauchery. But she, not disconcerted in the least, said, — "Well! They are all old and ugly. Rubria alone has a human semblance, and so there would be two of us, though Rubria gets freckles in summer." "But admit, purest Calvia," said Petronius, "that thou couldst become a vestal only in dreams." "But if Caesar commanded?" "I should believe that even the most impossible dreams might come true." "But they do come true," said Vestinius. "I understand those who do not believe in the gods, but how is it possible not to believe in dreams?" "But predictions?" inquired Nero. "It was predicted once to me, that Rome would cease to exist, and that I should rule the whole Orient."


"Predictions and dreams are connected," said Vestinius. "Once a certain proconsul, a great disbeliever, sent a slave to the temple of Mopsus with a sealed letter which he would not let any one open; he did this to try if the god could answer the question contained in the letter. The slave slept a night in the temple to have a prophetic dream; he returned then and said: 'I saw a youth in my dreams; he was as bright as the sun, and spoke only one word, "Black."' The proconsul, when he heard this, grew pale, and turning to his guests, disbelievers like himself, said: 'Do ye know what was in the letter?'" Here Vestinius stopped, and, raising his goblet with wine, began to drink. "What was in the letter?" asked Senecio. "In the letter was the question: 'What is the color of the bull which I am to sacrifice: white or black?'" But the interest roused by the narrative was interrupted by Vitelius, who, drunk when he came to the feast, burst forth on a sudden and without cause in senseless laughter. "What is that keg of tallow laughing at?" asked Nero. "Laughter distinguishes men from animals," said Petronius, "and he has no other proof that he is not a wild boar." Vitelius stopped half-way in his laughter, and smacking his lips, shining from fat and sauces, looked at those present with as much astonishment as if he had never seen them before; then he raised his two hands, which were like cushions, and said in a hoarse voice, — "The ring of a knight has fallen from my finger, and it was inherited from my father." "Who was a tailor," added Nero. But Vitelius burst forth again in unexpected laughter, and began to search for his ring in the peplus of Calvia Crispinilla. Hereupon Vestinius fell to imitating the cries of a frightened woman. Nigidia, a friend of Calvia, — a young widow with the face of a child and the eyes of a wanton, — said aloud, — "He is seeking what he has not lost." "And which will be useless to him if he finds it," finished the poet Lucan. The feast grew more animated. Crowds of slaves bore around successive courses; from great vases filled with snow and garlanded with ivy, smaller vessels with various kinds of wine were brought forth unceasingly. All drank freely. On the guests, roses fell from the ceiling at intervals.


Petronius entreated Nero to dignify the feast with his song before the guests drank too deeply. A chorus of voices supported his words, but Nero refused at first. It was not a question of courage alone, he said, though that failed him always. The gods knew what efforts every success cost him. He did not avoid them, however, for it was needful to do sonlething for art; and besides, if Apollo had gifted him with a certain voice, it was not proper to let divine gifts be wasted. He understood, even, that it was his duty to the State not to let them be wasted. But that day he was really hoarse. In the night he had placed leaden weights on his chest, but that had not helped in any way. He was thinking even to go to Antium, to breathe the sea air. Lucan implored him in the name of art and humanity. All knew that the divine poet and singer had composed a new hymn to Venus, compared with which Lucretius's hymn was as the howl of a yearling wolf. Let that feast be a genuine feast. So kind a ruler should not cause such tortures to his subjects. "Be not cruel, O Caesar!" "Be not cruel!" repeated all who were sitting near. Nero spread his hands in sign that he had to yield. All faces assumed then an expression of gratitude, and all eyes were turned to him; but he gave command first to announce to Poppan that he would sing; he informed those present that she had not come to the feast, because she did not feel in good health; but since no medicine gave her such relief as his singing, he would be sorry to deprive her of this opportunity. In fact, Poppae came soon. Hitherto she had ruled Nero as if he had been her subject, but she knew that when his vanity as a singer, a charioteer, or a poet was involved, there was danger in provoking it. She came in therefore, beautiful as a divinity, arrayed, like Nero, in robes of amethyst color, and wearing a necklace of immense pearls, stolen on a time from Massinissa; she was golden-haired, sweet, and though divorced from two husbands she had the face and the look of a virgin. She was greeted with shouts, and the appellation "Divine Augusta." Lygia had never seen any one so beautiful, and she could not believe her own eyes, for she knew that Popp~ra Sabina was one of the vilest women on earth. She knew from Pomponia that she had brought Caesar to murder his mother and his wife; she knew her from accounts given by Aulus's guests and the servants; she had heard that statues to her had been thrown down at night in the city; she had heard of inscriptions, the writers of which had been condemned to severest punishment, but which still appeared on the city walls every morning. Yet at sight of the


notorious Poppxa, considered by the confessors of Christ as crime and evil incarnate, it seemed to her that angels or spirits of heaven might look like her. She was unable simply to take her eyes from Poppae; and from her lips was wrested involuntarily the question, — "Ah, Marcus, can it be possible?" But he, roused by wine, and as it were impatient that so many things had scattered her attention, and taken her from him and his words, said, — "Yes, she is beautiful, but thou art a hundred times more beautiful. Thou dost not know thyself, or thou wouldst be in love with thyself, as Narcissus was; she bathes in asses' milk, but Venus bathed thee in her own milk. Thou dost not know thyself, Ocelle mi! Look not at her. Turn thy eyes to me, Ocelle mi! Touch this goblet of wine with thy lips, and I will put mine on the same place." And he pushed up nearer and nearer, and she began to withdraw toward Acte. But at that moment silence was enjoined because Caesar had risen. The singer Diodorus had given him a lute of the kind called delta; another singer named Terpnos, who had to accompany him in playing, approached with an instrument called the nablium. Nero, resting the delta on the table, raised his eyes; and for a moment silence reigned in the triclinium, broken only by a rustle, as roses fell from the ceiling. Then he began to chant, or rather to declaim, singingly and rhythmically, to the accompaniment of the two lutes, his own hymn to Venus. Neither the voice, though somewhat injured, nor the verses were bad, so that reproaches of conscience took possession of Lygia again; for the hymn, though glorifying the impure pagan Venus, seemed to her more than beautiful, and Caesar himself, with a laurel crown on his head and uplifted eyes, nobler, much less terrible, and less repulsive than at the beginning of the feast. The guests answered with a thunder of applause. Cries of, "Oh, heavenly voice!" were heard round about; some of the women raised their hands, and held them thus, as a sign of delight, even after the end of the hymn; others wiped their tearful eyes; the whole hall was seething as in a beehive. Poppae, bending her golden-haired head, raised Nero's hand to her lips, and held it long in silence. Pythagoras, a young Greek of marvellous beauty, — the same to whom later the half-insane Nero commanded the flamens to marry him, with the observance of all rites, — knelt now at his feet. But Nero looked carefully at Petronius, whose praises were desired by him always before every other, and who said, — "If it is a question of


music, Orpheus must at this moment be as yellow from envy as Lucan, who is here present; and as to the verses, I am sorry that they are not worse; if they were I might find proper words to praise them." Lucan did not take the mention of envy evil of him; on the contrary, he looked at Petronius with gratitude, and, affecting ill-humor, began to murmur, — "Cursed fate, which commanded me to live contemporary with such a poet. One might have a place in the memory of man, and on Parnassus; but now one will quench, as a candle in sunlight." Petronius, who had an amazing memory, began to repeat extracts from the hymn and cite single verses, exalt, and analyze the more beautiful expressions. Lucan, forgetting as it were his envy before the charm of the poetry, joined his ecstasy to Petronius's words. On Nero's face were reflected delight and fathomless vanity, not only nearing stupidity, but reaching it perfectly. He indicated to them verses which he considered the most beautiful; and finally he began to comfort Lucan, and tell him not to lose heart, for though whatever a man is born that he is, the honor which people give Jove does not exclude respect for other divinities. Then he rose to conduct Poppae, who, being really in ill health, wished to withdraw. But he commanded the guests who remained to occupy their places anew, and promised to return, In fact, he returned a little later, to stupefy himself with the smoke of incense, and gaze at further spectacles which he himself, Petronius, or Tigellinus had prepared for the feast. Again verses were read or dialogues listened to in which extravagance took the place of wit. After that Paris, the celebrated mime, represented the adventures of Io, the daughter of Inachus. To the guests, and especially to Lygia, unaccustomed to such scenes, it seemed that they were gazing at miracles and enchantment. Paris, with motions of his hands and body, was able to express things apparently impossible in a dance. His hands dimmed the air, creating a cloud, bright, living, quivering, voluptuous, surrounding the half-fainting form of a maiden shaken by a spasm of delight. That was a picture, nor a dance; an expressive picture, disclosing the secrets of love, bewitching and shameless; and when at the end of it Corybantes rushed in and began a bacchic dance with girls of Syria to the sounds of cithara, lutes, drums, and cymbals, — a dance filled with wild shouts and still wilder license,— it seemed to Lygia that living fire was burning her, and that a thunderbolt ought to strike that house, or the ceiling fall on the heads of those feasting there.


But from the golden net fastened to the ceiling only roses fell, and the now half-drunken Vinicius said to her, — "I saw thee in the house of Aulus, at the fountain. It was daylight, and thou didst think that no one saw thee; but I saw thee. And I see thee thus yet, though that peplus hides thee. Cast aside the peplus, like Crispinilla. See, gods and men seek love. There is nothing in the world but love. Lay thy head on my breast and close thy eyes." The pulse beat oppressively in Lygia's hands and temples. A feeling seized her that she was flying into some abyss, and that Vinicius, who before had seemed so near and so trustworthy, instead of saving was drawing her toward it. And she felt sorry for him. She began again to dread the feast and him and herself. Some voice, like that of Pomponia, was calling yet in her soul, "O Lygia, save thyself!" But something told her also that it was too late; that the one whom such a flame had embraced as that which had embraced her, the one who had seen what was done at that feast and whose heart had beaten as hers had on hearing the words of Vinicius, the one through whom such a shiver had passed as had passed through her when he approached, was lost beyond recovery. She grew weak. It seemed at moments to her that she would faint, and then something terrible would happen. She knew that, under penalty of Caesar's anger, it was not permitted any one to rise till Caesar rose; but even were that not the case, she had not strength now to rise. Meanwhile it was far to the end of the feast yet. Slaves brought new courses, and filled the goblets unceasingly with wine; before the table, on a platform open at one side, appeared two athletes to give the guests a spectacle of wrestling. They began the struggle at once, and the powerful bodies, shining from olive oil, formed one mass; bones cracked in their iron arms, and from their set jaws came an ominous gritting of teeth. At moments was heard the quick, dull thump of their feet on the platform strewn with saffron; again they were motionless, silent, and it seemed to the spectators that they had before them a group chiselled out of stone. Roman eyes followed with delight the movement of tremendously exerted backs, thighs, and arms. But the struggle was not too prolonged; for Croton, a master, and the founder of a school of gladiators, did not pass in vain for the strongest man in the empire. His opponent began to breathe more and more quickly: next a rattle was heard in his throat; then his face grew blue; finally he threw blood from his mouth and fell.


drunk in like degree. and it never occurs to them that Epicureans will not stand against barbarians. — "If the spheros of Xenophanes is round. Seeing this. with the stubbornness of intoxication.A thunder of applause greeted the end of the struggle. People have abandoned also the strict habits of former days. since wine had darkened the eyes of the audience. with a drawling voice broken by hiccoughs. The music changed into a disordered and wild outburst of citharas. And surely! But if that should come. resting his foot on the breast of his opponent. they shouted at the musicians to disappear. and horns. then consider. Tullius. the wreaths dropped side-wise on the heads of guests. Only a few persons looked at them. fell to blowing the golden powder from her hair. Egyptian sistra. however. said. who. mingled now with the guests. raising his bald head with wreath awry. was indignant at the discourse. As some of the guests wished to talk. became stilling. Nigidia. who reviled the gods. and. he was sorry that he had lived to such times. permeated with saffron and the exhalations of people. repeated for the tenth time the answer of Mopsus to the sealed letter of the proconsul. and raising his eyes with immense delight. — "Who says that Rome is perishing? What 69 . dropped her drunken childlike head on the breast of Lucan. ball-players and buffoons. trumpets. The Syrian damsels. he — As for him. Armenian cymbals. such a god might be pushed along before one with the foot. and cast the eyes of a victor around the hail. who appeared at first in the bacchic dance. and through indignation spilled Falernian over his whole tunic. he drew toward him a Syrian dancer. and there are some even who contend that it is perishing already." But Domitius Afer. stripping herself to the waist. and kissed her neck and shoulders with his toothless mouth. if not met. the consul Meminius Regulus laughed. filled with the odor of flowers and the perfume of oils with which beautiful boys had sprinkled the feet of the guests during the feast. lamps burned with a dim flame. People say that Rome will perish. and that he must seek in pleasures a refuge against griefs which. Next appeared men who mimicked beasts and their voices. faces grew pale and were covered with sweat. Vestinius. The feast passed by degrees into a drunken revel and a dissolute orgy. a hardened criminal and informer. it is because the youth are without faith. like a barrel. would soon kill him. As for him. and without faith there can be no virtue. crossed his gigantic arms on his breast. and Croton. exclaimed. lutes. The air. When he had said this. Vitelius rolled under the table. He had always believed in the gods.

and when he had finished looked at those present with a delighted and inquiring glance. repeating. After a while terror was reflected on his face. "Such beautiful hands I have seen only once. they stopped. said. but failing to keep time. no! Rome must perish. meat. who drank little at first. for faith in the gods was lost.folly! I. Next he took wreaths of ivy from the vase before him." Lucan meanwhile had blown all the gold powder from Nigidia's hair. roast and chilled mushrooms. — better be a slave in the world beneath the sun than a king in Cimmerian regions. and. know better. put them on the sleeping woman. But the number of the legions guarding Roman peace did not pacify Domitius. in a voice heard throughout the triclinium.— but he had forgotten them. what a pity! And hiding his head on the arm of a Syrian bacchanal. for still life was pleasant there. he tried to remember. and she being drunk had fallen asleep. and Terpnos accompanied him. wine was good! Oh. but a faun. locusts in honey. he burst into tears. He arrayed himself in ivy too. Nero as a judge and an aesthete was enchanted with the beauty of Pythagoras. I think there are thirty-two. Pythagoras. No. — "Thirty legions! thirty legions! from Britain to the Parthian boundaries!" But he stopped on a sudden. Videant consules! Thirty legions are guarding our pax romana!" Here he put his fists to his temples and shouted. He wanted even to sing more of his verses. emptied goblet after goblet toward the end. putting a finger to his forehead. and it was a pity. but Nero. Diodorus. — this time in Greek. in a voice of deep conviction. — "As I live. and so were strict habits! Rome must perish. and by mistake sang an ode of Anacreon. 70 . and whose were they?" Then placing his palm on his moist forehead. and everything which he had eaten or drunk. and fell to kissing his hands in ecstasy. Ah! His mother's — Agrippina's! And a gloomy vision seized him forthwith. fish." He rolled under the table. "I am not a man at all. out of regard for his "heavenly" voice. "What is a future life! Achilles was right. a consul." Petronius was not drunk. and began soon to send forth flamingo tongues. Caesar was gracious. and was drunk. And still the question whether there are any gods — since it is unbelief — is destroying the youth.

She merely walks. with a voice in which terror and grief were quivering. dost understand? Tomorrow. to-morrow. but Acte began to defend her. Eho-o-o-oo!" Caesar drank himself drunk at last. ye would not be listening to-night to my song."They say. but I believe in spirits — Oi!" Nero paid no attention to their words." And he moved to embrace her." "Thanks be to Caesar. who filled her with repulsion and terror. dost understand? Caesar promised thee to me before he took thee. But her strength deserted her more and more. Lucan. had I not been quicker than she. all in ivy. for she sent assassins against me. "that she wanders by moonlight on the sea around Baiae and Bauli. This is the fifth year — I had to condemn her. and continued. — walks as if seeking for something. Thou must be mine! Give me thy lips! I will not wait for to-morrow. and his tongue stuttered when he spoke. but a faun. — "I celebrated the Lemuria. "Wine! and let them strike the tympans!" The uproar began anew. whispered mysteriously." said he. in the name of the city and the world!" cried Domitius Afer. for she felt that she was perishing. — "I am not a man. and. and in addition there was roused in him. wicked satyr. — give thy lips quickly. rose and cried. in a voice now loud and commanding. and his face was there near her face. But Vestinius. in vain. In vain did she bend and turn away her face to escape his 71 . and I dwell in the forest. he was a drunken. besides desire. But in vain did she struggle with both hands to remove his hairless arm. He was no longer the former kind Vinicius. wishing to outshout him. When she comes near a boat." said Petronius. stretching his neck like a stork. his breath blew around her nearer and nearer. and to have pity on her. which happened always when he passed the measure. did she implore him not to be what he was. men were drunk. His dark face became paler. and have no wish to see her." "Not a bad theme. and she defended herself with the remnant of her strength. I will send for thee. about dusk. — "I do not believe in the gods. Vinicius was not less drunk than others. almost dear to her soul. — "Give me thy lips! To-day. and women were drunk. a wish to quarrel. Sated with wine. she looks at it and goes away. but the fisherman on whom she has fixed her eye dies. it is all one! Enough of this! Caesar took thee from Auius to give thee to me.

— "Lygia! Lygia!" But desire. gave it to him with a smile in her mist-covered eyes. and wine cut the legs from under him. on those drunken dancing damsels and patrician ladies. and began to inquire. called Ursus. Ursus stood calmly. rage. then the giant took his queen on his arm. "Drink!" said she. and walked out of the triclinium with an even. She. or giving forth the excess of wine. What had happened? Vinicius rubbed his astonished eyes. taking a goblet of wine. on those drunken knights. while others were sleeping on couches at the table. and fell to the floor. Vinicius sat for the twinkle of an eye as if petrified. from the golden network. and drawing her head to his breast. but looked at Vinicius So strangely with his blue eyes that the blood stiffened in the veins of the young man. roses were dropping and dropping on those drunken consuls and senators. panting. 72 . quiet step. He rose to his feet. astonishment. on that society all dominant as yet but with the soul gone from it. caught her in both arms. Vinicius drank. then he sprang up and ran toward the entrance crying. But at this instant a tremendous power removed his arms from her neck with as much ease as if they had been the arms of a child. what had happened. and pushed him aside.kisses. like a dried limb or a withered leaf. with blinking eyes. snoring. whom he had seen at the house of Aulus. Acte in that moment went after him. He staggered once and a second time. Dawn had begun out of doors. on that society garlanded and ungirdled but perishing. others were walking with tottering tread through the triclinium. and saw before him the gigantic figure of the Lygian. began. seized the naked arm of one of the bacchanals. Meanwhile. Thegreater number of the guests were lying under the table. and poets. to press her pale lips with his. philosophers.

That part of the building was empty. but the palace gardens. seeing a giant carrying a guest on his arm. then. she repeated like a child. she opened her eyes. It was growing clearer and clearer in the open air." "Let us go!" answered Ursus. and thence to the gallery leading to Acte's apartments. the dawn. There was something. In this way they went from the triclinium to the adjoining chamber. light. Sudden weeping seized the maiden. thought him some slave bearing out his intoxicated mistress. besides that disgusting tricliium. taking shelter on the arm of the giant. she repeated. no one inquired even what he was doing. and peace. It seemed to Lygia that she had been rescued from hell. not in the courtyard. Ursus placed Lygia on a marble bench at a distance from the fountain. Acte strove to pacify her. they turned to a side portico. For a long time Lygia could not calm herself. coming out. But when the cool. Acte was with them. where the tops of the pines and cypresses were growing ruddy from the light of morning. There was the sky. and borne into God's bright world outside. to the house of Aulus!" 73 . hence the servants. They found themselves now in the small atrium of Acte's apartments. to the house of Aulus. Those guests who were not under the table had not kept their own places. and declared that for the moment there was no danger. and. pressing her temples with both hands. Moreover. Ursus! home. so that echoes of music and sounds of the feast came with decreasing distinctness. and.Chapter 8 No one stopped Ursus. she urged her to sleep. with sobbing. — "Let us go home. To such a degree had her strength deserted Lygia. that she hung as if dead on the arm of Ursus. After they had passed along the colonnade awhile. pure breeze of morning beat around her. and her presence removed all suspicion. — after the feast the drunken guests would sleep till evening. — "Let us go home.

Lygia's arms dropped. She must choose her own ruin or that of Plautius. Only a miracle could save her from the abyss. could not feel clearly the shame of such a relation. now she knew that it was they who had brought Caesar to remove her from the house of Aulus. "Yes." said she.Ursus was ready. and then there will be no rescue for her. "it would not be safer for thee than in that of Vinicius. — a miracle and the might of God. whoso does that offends Caesar's majesty. but in the evening a centurion at the head of soldiers will take a death sentence to Aulus and Pomponia Graecina. There was no help. it is true. her words meant." said Lygia. or expose Aulus and Pomponia to ruin. no one would stop them. true. "didst thou hear Vinicius say that Caesar had given me to him. raising her arms from her side. what does he care? As the queen commands. but he would pass them. "Acte. If he returned to her. she failed to understand how the girl could hesitate. Comprehending clearly that Lygia must become the mistress of the youthful and stately Vinicius. A former slave. At the gates stood pretorians. Ursus." 74 . "Be resigned to fate and become the concubine of Vinicius. though she told the truth. so must it be. and return her to Pornponia." And it did not occur to her that. she had hoped that Vinicius and Petronius would win her from Caesar. They would pass with the crowd and go home directly. and. She herself had been Nero's favorite. The space before the arch was crowded with litters. There was no other outcome. They would pass out. For that matter. No one would detain them. though good. They may go." said she. "In Caesar's house. But it is not permitted to flee from the house of Caesar. Should Aulus and his wife receive her under their roof. Her heart. in despair. The despair with which Lygia spoke found in her no echo. and. Guests were beginning to go forth in throngs. she loved Nero yet. "let us go. after a while. she had grown too much inured to the law of slavery. they will bring Lygia to the palace again. In going to the feast. death awaits them to a certainty. she would stretch her arms to him." Acte was forced to find reason for both." answered Acte. she was silent. besides. The soldiers would not stop out-going people. as to happiness. He is there to carry out her orders. and that he will send slaves here this evening to take me to his house?" "I did.

Acte witnessed such a prayer for the first time. and on their child." cried she." "I know. Acte understood then why Lygia could not become the 75 ." said Lygia. who felt on her lips yet his kisses. and I know what Caesar's anger is. Acte gathered the maiden to her bosom. for weeping seized her anew. and balled his giant fists. and face turned heavenward. seen by her in profile. One way remains to thee: implore Vinicius to return thee to Pomponia. In that pale face. should the need come. "it is not permitted me to hate." But Lygia dropped on her knees to implore some one else. "is Vinicius hateful to thee?" Lygia was unable to answer. "I ask. In his half-wild Lygian heart was the wish to return to the tridinium. he could not bear the sight of her tears. and both began to pray in Caesar's house at the morning dawn. No! thou art not at liberty to flee from here. in those parted lips. who. and. in those raised hands and eyes. would befit a confessor of the Crucified Lamb. or at the house of Vinicius. she seemed herself like light. choke Vinicius. casting light on her dark hair and white peplus. seemed to implore rescue. Ursus knelt down after a while. with raised hands. asked again." continued the young freedwoman. was reflected in her eyes. and strove to calm her excitement. loving his queen with the devotion of a dog.As to Lygia. too. The dawn. a kind of superhuman exaltation was evident. A bottomless abyss yawned before Lygia again. nor to fear death more than sin. but he feared to sacrifice thereby his mistress. and could not take her eyes from Lygia. the blood rushed to her face with shame at the mere thought of them. for. It is long since I began to live in this house. with an outburst. — never!" "But. while caressing Lygia. for I am a Christian. Entirely in the light. "Is he so hateful to thee?" "No. I know also from the letters of Paul of Tarsus. and was not certain that such an act. But Acte. but tell me if thy teaching permits one person to cause the death of others?" "Then how canst thou bring Caesar's vengeance on the house of Aulus?" A moment of silence followed. burning as coals and full of beastly desire. which to him seemed very simple. "will I remain here. "for I have compassion on thee — and I have compassion on the good Pomponia and Aulus." inquired Acte. Caesar himself. "Never. that it is not permitted to defile one's self. Ursus breathed heavily. Lygia.

a corner of that veil which hides a world altogether different from that to which she was accustomed. Lygia rose at last. who does not like to occupy himself with the affairs of others. holding to the bench. where the Roman name was not heard. and. looked at his mistress." Then turning to Ursus she said that he alone remained to her in the world. She would follow Ursus anywhere. as it were. even beyond the sea. or that the sun would spread its rays beneath her feet and draw her up to itself. for they would bring on it the anger of Caesar. Then Caesar. 76 . may not wish even to aid Vinicius in the pursuit. But neither could she remain in the house of Caesar or that of Vinicius." said she. and after a time two great tears rolled down her checks slowly. who had been expecting a miracle. and she thought now that everything said of them was true. in every case it will not be a crime against majesty. Let him take her and save her. that some winged army would descend from the sky to help that maiden. to the barbarians. let him conceal her in some place where neither Vinicius nor his servants could find her. and in sign of obedience he bent to her feet and embraced them. They could not seek refuge in the house of Aulus. — aid so mighty that Caesar himself would be powerless to resist it. Caesar would avenge himself on Aulus and Pomponia. She had heard of many miracles among Christians. Had the prayer effected only that much? To flee from the house of Caesar is to commit an offence against majesty which must be avenged. She was astonished by prayer in that abode of crime and infamy. that he must be to her as a protector and a father. If she wishes to escape. and even if Lygia succeeded in hiding. waiting for her words. But on the face of Acte. even beyond the mountains. "May God bless Pomponia and Aulus.concubine of any man. that some aid would come. and whither the power of Caesar did not reach. with a face serene with hope. since Lygia was praying. for he alone had remained to her. let her escape from the house of Vinicius. A moment earlier it had seemed to her that there was no rescue for Lygia. now she began to think that something uncommon would happen. let him conduct her out of the city. Let Ursus take her then. The Lygian was ready. "It is not permitted me to bring ruin on them. But it grew dark in her eyes. Ursus rose too. therefore I shall never see them again. Before the face of Nero's former favorite was drawn aside. disappointment was evident.

gladiators. though he had been breaking his poor head. and take her outside the city. but while on the way to it. not even that terrible athlete who wrestled at the feast yesterday. then Ursus can take her out of the city and hide her from the power of Rome. Beyond doubt he had told the truth. "I will not. The bishop will take compassion on her. No one could resist Ursus. and. Besides. putting her beautiful lips to Acte's cheek. both in the Subura and beyond the bridges? He can collect a couple of thousand of them. They will seize her and bear her away. Vinicius had said that he would send his slaves for her in the evening. for the bishop can read in the sky what is needed and what is not.But Lygia's thoughts were just the following: Aulus would not even know where she was. but a thing like this he could do. Consolation entered her anew. had seen Caesar before the feast. he will command Christians to go with Ursus to rescue her. and won from him the promise to give her on the following evening. what a forest!" 77 . Here he began to look forward. But as Vinicius might send a great number of slaves. which he would not have done had he been sober. Pomponia herself would not know. will not leave her in the hands of Vinicius." The blue. or perhaps he and Petronius. He will rescue his lady. he will bear her out of the litter as he bore her out of the triclinium. as if to see things in the future and very distant. She would escape not from the house of Vinicius. he could assemble Christians himself." answered the freedwoman. and he can go with her. Evidently he himself. But Ursus will save her. as if the hope of rescue had turned to reality. however. — and whether in the day or in the night it was all one to him! He would go to the bishop. where no one has heard of Rome. childlike eyes of the giant were gleaming with happiness. He had not been able to frame any plan. And her face began to flush and smile. she whispered: "Thou wilt not betray. they would send for her on the morrow. Ursus would go at once to Bishop Linus for aid and counsel. but pray to thy God that Ursus be able to bear thee away. and free people. Are his acquaintances few among slaves. She threw herself on Acte's neck suddenly. When drunk. "To the forest? Al. what a forest. He will come. and they will go into the world. wilt thou?" "By the shade of my mother. Acte. And if they forgot that day. even to that place from which they had come. They will go to the end of the world.

to the back of his head. he bowed and said. which was like a maul. "Ursus. Ursus put his fist. but wishing to hide it. He has no wish to offend the Lamb. do not kill. but she felt at once that she was unworthy to pass through it.But after a while he shook himself out of his visions." said she. rubbing his neck with great seriousness. hut even pretorians. He will try all he can. even in suffering. than in all the excesses and luxury of Caesar's house. but then his hands are so heavy." She herself had said that his turn had come. — "Now I will go to the holy bishop. even though in iron armor. the head underneath will not survive. But if something happens in spite of him? In every case he must save her. Well. he will repent. — for is iron so strong? When he strikes iron earnestly. he will go to the bishop at once. poor fellow. and so entreat the Innocent Lamb that the Crucified Lamb will have mercy on him. and. Once more a kind of door to the light was opened a little before her. Great tenderness was expressed on his face. and in the evening will wait with something like a hundred men for the litter." Acte put her arms around Lygia's neck. and began to weep. Once more the freedwoman understood that there was a world in which greater happiness existed. And let not slaves. But he must rescue "his light. But should anything happen. began to mutter. 78 . take her from him! Better for any man not to come under his fist. But Lygia raised her finger with great and also childlike seriousness.

wealth. as the day was clear and the sun looked into the atrium. In such a case what harm could meet her? If sufferings come. whom she loved with her whole soul. More than once when she was in the house of Aulus. she tortured her childish head because she. and was entering on an unknown and wandering existence. But she was loath to mention her fears to Lygia. — an adventure in which she might lose her life simply. gardens. Lygia felt almost happy. that by acting thus she was doing as the Divine Master had commanded. the city. She felt a certain delight even in the thought that she was sacrificing plenty and comfort for her Truth. leave a sunny land and people near to one — and for what purpose? To hide from the love of a young and stately knight. and both went to the cubiculum. a Christian. which was 79 . and some time. Lygia did not refuse. and began to speak of her happiness to Acte. of whom Ursus spoke with such tenderness. everything that is beautiful. when Pomponia dies. At times she felt that Lygia's action was right. they will be together for all eternity. but she could not give a clear account to herself of the matter. however. especially since an adventure was before Lygia which might have an evil ending. porticos. Perhaps there was in this a little also of childish curiosity as to what that life would be. — to leave house. meanwhile. she began to persuade her to take the rest needed after a night without sleep. But now the moment had come. off somewhere in remote regions. Acte was timid by nature. In Acte's head these things could not find place. and she thought with dread of what the coming evening might bring. If sudden death comes. could do nothing for that Crucified. temples. that there must be some immense mysterious happiness in it. and she grieved for the household of Aulus. To leave everything. He will take her. she will endure them in His name. and that henceforth He Himself would watch over her. who could not understand her. still her despair passed away. But there was still more a deep and trusting faith. as over an obedient and faithful child.Chapter 9 LYGIA was grieved to lose Pomponia Graecina. among wild beasts and barbarians.

For a long time she had been sad and unhappy. came a few bright rays. jewels." Still. She was breathing regularly. Acte. that light so dazzled her that she could see nothing distinctly. merely. Suddenly the thought came to her that that Caesar whom she loved. however. but now she was seized by a certain uneasiness which she had never felt before. her closed eyes. whom she held involuntarily as a kind of demigod. no better than a heap of stones. But ih the Greek woman's heart there was no envy. in which golden dust-motes were playing. but as people breathe while asleep. at her dark tresses. She looked at her clear forehead. At last. was not sleeping either. But in the moment when it opened. to robes. By the light of these rays Acte saw her delicate face. than all the statues in his palace. for example. was as pitiful as any slave. she wanted to sleep. at her virgin bosom moved by calm breathing. wandering to a lordly house. past the curtain which was not closely drawn. But Lygia was sleeping calmly. then she thought again. as if to find an answer in her sleeping face. but in spite of her weariness Acte could not sleep. that in that light there was happiness of some kind. and feasts. and that palace. Thinking that Lygia. Into the dark cubiculum. a sort of divine vision. On the contrary. those feelings which she had not power to define began to torment her.spacious and furnished with luxury because of Acte's former relations with Caesar. "She sleeps. to such a degree that if Caesar. "She is a child yet. after a while it came to her mind that that child chose to flee rather than remain the beloved of Vinicius. "Why?" And she gazed at Lygia. again. — "How different from me!" Lygia seemed to her a miracle. with columns of Numidian marble. Increasing chaos rose in her head. now all at once it seemed to her dishonorable. Again the door to light began to open and close. to the sound of lutes and citharas. at the calm arch of her brows. she preferred want to shame. at her parted lips. at thought of the 80 . something beloved of the gods. a hundred times more beautiful than all the flowers in Caesar's garden. threatened by so many perils and uncertainties. There they lay down side by side. — she is able to sleep. resting on her bare arm. but being tortured by alarm she could not. it would be vanity. happiness beyond measure. and love her. she turned to her to speak of her flight in the evening. So far life had seemed to her simply grievous and deprived of a morrow. in presence of which every other was nothing. She divined. and her mouth slightly open. were to set aside Poppae." thought Acte.

But Lygia slept on calmly. in which no dangerous meeting might be feared. then she took her to breakfast and afterward to the gardens of the palace. seeing in the darkness the face of the Greek. looking at all the wonders of the gardens. and though Lygia's mind was not at rest. she was too much a child yet to resist pleasure.dangers which threatened the girl. putting her lips to her dark hair. singing in an undertone. others. she kissed it. as if at home." "Is it evening?" "No. And she slept rather long. groves of roses were blooming. and. even. in trembling light produced by sun-rays breaking in between leaves. cypresses. amidst statues and trees wandered tame gazelles from the deserts of Africa. silver-colored swans were sailing on the water. but also very dear. great pity seized her. but midday has passed. and richcolored birds from all known countries on earth. were sitting by ponds or in the shade of groves. A certain motherly feeling rose in the woman. olives. and myrtles. and wonder. Evidently she wondered that she was not in the house of Aulus. Acte?" said she at last. Midday had passed when she opened her blue eyes and looked around the cubiculum in astonishment. for the litter. he said that he would watch in the evening. Lygia." Then they left the cubiculum and went to the bath. The mirror of ponds gleamed quietly. that if 81 . The gardens were empty. watered with the spray of fountains. under the care of Pomponia Graecina. among which appeared white here and there a whole population of statues. Acte and Lygia walked rather long. full of pines. It occurred to her. to whom was granted a moment of rest. entrances to charming grottos were encircled with a growth of ivy or woodbine. Lygia seemed to her not only as beautiful as a beautiful vision. curiosity." "And has Ursus not returned?" "Ursus did not say that he would return. where Acte bathed Lygia. "That is thou. but here and there slaves were working. since Caesar and his principal courtiers were sleeping yet. oaks." "True. spade in hand. with Christians. "I. For the first time in her life Lygia saw those magnificent gardens. others were watering roses or the pale lily-colored blossoms of the saffron. child.

I will go to him and say. tired somewhat. was he not?" "He was. "he was dear to thee. I am sure that they arc ready to adopt thee. "Vinicius might marry thee." answered Lygia. After a while she inquired of Lygia how long she had known him." But Lygia answered calmly." "But in Aulus's house. 'Vinicius. — that is. and whether she did not think that he would let himself be persuaded to return her to Pomponia. return her to Aulus and Pomponia. rouse him. if he is sleepmg.'" But the maiden answered with a voice so low that Acte could barely hear it." said Acte. as I was. But Lygia shook her dark head in sadness. Thou art a hostage. Poppae Sabina appeared in front of the bench with a small retinue of slave women.Caesar were good. and would rather flee to the Lygians. Further conversation was stopped by the rustle of approaching steps. and tell him what I have told thee? Yes. "No. Two of them held over her head bunches of ostrich feathers fixed to golden wires. this is a king's daughter. he had been very kind. the two women sat down on a bench hidden almost entirely by dense cypresses and began to talk of that which weighed on their hearts most. At times it seemed to her even a mad project. Aulus and Pomponia love thee as their own child. in such gardens. "And thou wert not a slave. It seemed to her that it would be a hundred times safer to try to act on Vinicius. if thou love her. with these they fanned her lightly. But at last." And two tears were hanging on her drooping lids. — "1 would rather flee to the Lygians." "Lygia. Acte was far less at rest than Lygia touching its success. inclining her head. dost thou wish me to go directly to Vinicius. She felt a growing pity for Lygia. "I would rather flee to the Lygians. after a moment's thought. of Lygia's escape in the evening. In Aulus's house. which could not succeed. and with still greater sadness. and at the same time protected 82 . Lygia." inquired Acte. my precious one. but since yesterday's feast she feared him. Vinicius had been different. he might be very happy in such a palace. and bef ore Acte had time to see who was coming. and a dear child of the famous Aulus. and a daughter of the Lygian king. and take her as wife from their house. Vinicius might marry thee.

" "At whose command?" "At Caesar's command. seeing her through the emerald. Immortal gods! she is as beautiful as I am. — that she herself had grown notably older! Wounded vanity quivered in Poppaea. bore in her arms an infant wrapped in purple fringed with gold. who stood with bowed head. But what would happen should he meet such a marvel in the daytime." "Was she at the feast last night?" "She was." Poppae looked still more attentively at Lygia. but a king. divine Augusta. the child tore off one and put it to her mouth. Before her a woman from Egypt. alarm seized her. luckily Lilith saw it in season. and a daughter of the Lygian king given by him as hostage to Rome." "Pardon. after a pause. and with bosom swollen as if from milk. Augusta. "What slave is this?" asked she. divinity. it is true. estimated every detail of her face. and was frightened.her from the autumn sun. the bells sent by thee for the doll were badly fastened." On a sudden this came to her mind which had never come before at sight of any beauty." answered Acte. in sunlight? Moreover she is not a slave. crossing her arms on her breast and bending her head. or. black as ebony. "and 'twas Venus who gave birth to her. But Poppaea began to gaze at Lygia. she lived in continual alarm lest at some time a fortunate rival might ruin her. as she had ruined Octavia. — a king of barbarians. but younger!" 83 . and various fears shot through her head." thought she. which was hot yet. She is dwelling in the palace since the day before yesterday. "Perhaps Nero has not seen the girl. but she halted before them and said. Augusta. but a foster child of Pomponia Graecina. Jealous of her own beauty and power. now covering them with their lids. — "Acte. now raising her bright eyes to her with curiosity. has not appreciated her. Acte and Lygia rose. "That is simply a nymph. Hence every beautiful face in the palace roused her suspicion. thinking that Popp~ra would pass the bench without turning attention to either. she is the daughter of a king. With the eye of a critic she took in at once every part of Lygia's form. Suddenly a frown appeared between the brows of the Augusta. "She is not a slave." "And has she come to visit thee?" "No.

— "Let us return.The wrinkle between her brows increased. At moments came a deep silence full of deceptions for the ear. lady. but evil. have compassion on me. Acte collected feverishly such jewels as she could. and. but thou art good." "Why dost thou choose to be here rather than in the house of Aulus?" "I do not choose. which began to cry. seizing the border of Poppae's robe. implored her not to reject that gift and means of escape. extending her hand to her." said she. but after a while she took Acte's hand and said. fastening them in a corner of Lygia's peplus. though grieved to leave Acte." When she had said this. "Lady. When darkness had come and slaves brought in tapers with great flames. but do thou intercede and return me to Pomponia. Lygia's eyes too were filled with tears. as Ursus must be waiting in the dark for her then. Vinicius is to send for me to-day. But her breathing grew quicker from emotion. "Caesar promised to give me as a slave to Vinicius. Both were listening to hear if some one were coming. and give thee to Vinicius?" "True. Lygia repeated again and again that." "And wouldst thou return to Pomponia?" This last question Poppae gave with a softer and milder voice. — "Then I promise that thou wilt become the slave of Vinicius this day. and her eyes began to shine under their golden lashes with a cold gleam. I am here against my will." "Then Petronius persuaded Caesar to take thee from Aulus. hence a sudden hope rose in Lygia's heart. waited for her word with beating heart. Poppaa looked at her for a while." And they returned to the atrium. To the ears of Lygia and Acte came only the wail of the infant. "Hast thou spoken with Caesar?" "No. Their conversation failed every moment. Help is to be looked for only whence it can come. lady. Augusta. both women were very pale. Petronius persuaded Caesar to take me from Pomponia. she preferred that all should take place that day." And she went on. it was unknown for what reason. and. It seemed to both that they heard at one time a whisper beyond the 84 . which they did not leave till evening. with a face lighted by an evil smile. and louder. beautiful as a vision. and said. she inclined.

his face marked with small-pox. but Atacinus bent low and said." The lips of the maiden grew pale. at another the barking of dogs. Acte screamed. at another the distant weeping of a child. Then she threw her arms around Acte's neck in farewell. who had visited the house of Aulus. a freedman of Vinicius." said she. divine Lygia. In one moment Lygia recognized Atacinus. from Marcus Vinicius. appeared like a spirit in the atrium. who awaits thee with a feast in his house which is decked in green. dark man. "I go. Suddenly the curtain of the entrance moved without noise. 85 .curtain. — "A greeting. and a tall.

marble. Be not over-insistent. Vimcius had followed in everything the words of Petronius. or transparent stuffs from the Indus. animals. Some of the lights were shaded by Alexandrian glass. or violet color. or statues. Swear to her. Thou didst act with her like a quarryman from the Alban Hills. of red. Then. not so wonderful as that famed candlestick used by Nero and taken from the temple of Apollo. I have no wish to see a gloomy feast. lamps of alabaster. Petronius and Chrysothemis. — "Win her confidence. or gilded Corinthian bronze. but sweeter to be desired. and which he had learned to love in the Orient." Chrysothemis had her own and a somewhat different opinion on this point.Chapter 10 THE house of Vinicius was indeed decked in the green of myrtle and ivy. and remember that one should drink good wine slowly. to receive her himself in the house. receive her with friendliness and even with marks of honor. calling her his vestal and his dove. so that the whole atrium was filled with many colored rays. to which Vinicius had grown used. which was closed above by a purple woollen cloth as protection from the night cold. "Thou wert drunk yesterday. blue. be magnanimous. but to send Atacinus with the permission obtained from Caesar. he continued. began to explain the difference which must exist between a trained charioteer of the Circus and the youth who sits on the quadriga for the first time. Know too that it is sweet to desire. by 86 . but Petronius. trees. these were like vessels. "I saw thee. In the triclinium a table was laid for four persons. turning to Vinicius. which had been hung on the walls and over the doors. Everywhere was given out the odor of nard. but beautiful and made by famous masters." said he. birds. in which the forms of male and female slaves were movmg. gleamed also with light. make her joyful. In the atrium. holding cups filled with perfumed olive oil. besides Vinicius and Lygia. The depths of the house. Eight and twelve flamed lamps were burning. At the feast were to sit. who advised him not to go for Lygia. The columns were wreathed with grape vine. yellow. it was as clear as in daylight.

on the toes of which diamonds were really glittering. — "On the contrary. Vinicius smiled without thinking. But Vinicius did not give ear to their bantering. and sat near her in the dark. and said. and though he felt that it was more appropriate to receive her at home than to go in the role of a myrmidon to the palace. or that history of Rufinus which I have not finished. that thou wilt return her to Pomponia." But he distended his nostrils and panted. His mind was with Lygia." Then pointing to Chrysothemis. I will wait. and said. — "But I did not resist. bronze dishes with coals. again. thou satyr!" "Out of consideration for my predecessor —" "But wert thou not at my feet?" "Yes. His heart was beating unquietly under the robes of a Syrian priest." answered Petronius." Chrysothemis looked involuntarily at her feet. "They must." Chrysothemis struck him with her fan of peacock feathers. Meanwhile slaves brought in a tripod ornamented with rams' heads." But Vinicius cared no more for Apollonius of Tyana than for the history of Rufinus. on which they sprinkled bits of myrrh and nard." 87 . as if in a monologue." said he. and I cannot complain of her harshness. "He cannot wait. — "For five years I have acted thus more or less with this timid dove. Petronius shrugged his shoulders. in which he had arrayed himself to receive Lygia. and she and Petronius began to laugh. I do not remember why. for the single reason that he might have seen her sooner. he added. he was sorry at moments that he had not gone. "Meanwhile I may mention the predictions of Apollonius of Tyana.Hades even. and it will be thy affair that to-morrow she prefers to stay with thee. to put rings on thy toes. and is likely to miss them!" exclaimed Chrysothemis. "Now they are turning toward the Carinx. he will run to meet the litter. in the double litter. and I shall never make a man of that son of Mars. — "There is not in him a philosopher to the value of one sestertium. and said. "They must have left the palace. seeing which." said Vinicius.

88 . all in dark mantles. Around the litter came a rush. There was something strange in this. and trampled one another."They are now in the Carinaae. "O Christ. were on both sides of the litter. save!" Atacinus himself. mingling with the slaves. above all. — "Give way to the noble tribune. but during such attacks the guards feigned to be deaf and blind. Some staggered as if drunk. people struck. The house of the guards. "Give way to the litter of the noble tribune!" From the sides unknown people crowded up to the litter so much that Atacinus commanded the slaves to repulse them with clubs. "That is he! —that is Ursus and the Christians! Now it will happen quickly. but farther on the place was uncommonly crowded. It was known that even at times he brought out of these night adventures black and blue spots. At moments the advance grew so difficult that the lampadarii cried. Meanwhile there was an uproar around the litter. Some walked on with the procession. In one instant all the lights were extinguished. But they moved slowly. and trembled with emotion. Suddenly a cry was heard in front of the procession. and leave the rest to their fate. whose duty it was to watch over the city. overseeing the advance. was not very far. all without lamps. The lampadaril had to cry oftener and oftener. who at first did not notice the uncommon animation of the street. The thought flashed on Atacinus to save Lygia and himself. struggled. From almost every alley people were pushing out in threes and fours. even if a senator. others in greater numbers came from the opposite direction. aid! O Christ. an uproar. but whoso defended himself went to his death. a struggle. threw. for lamps showed the way badly in a place not lighted at all. She was carried away at one moment by hope." said she. Atacinus was right behind." In fact. It was known to all that Caesar with a crowd of attendants made attacks frequently for amusement in the Subura and in other parts of the city. here and there only some man moved forward with a lantern. others called pedisequii. The streets near the palace were empty. they were turning toward the Carimr. Marcus Vinicius!" Lygia saw those dark crowds through the curtains which were pushed aside. The slaves called lampadarii were in front. Atacinus saw that this was simply an attack. at another by fear. began at last to be alarmed. and when he saw it he was frightened. with trembling lips.

a German. his comrades followed him. said. and began to repeat with groaning. "Let Cub declare it. but he walked with quick step up and down the atrium. he stretched and was motionless.So. when terrible claws seized his neck. but do ye all come. drawing her out of the litter. who had nursed Vinicius. after a moment of more violent convulsion. — "Aaaa! —aa!" 89 . and the master loves him. dispersing gradually along the way. crushing mass fell like a stone. with his other arm. On the spot remained only the litter. around the turns of the walls. Do not let his anger fall on my head alone. as an ox felled by the back of an axe before the altar of Jove. and on his head a gigantic. it is safer for Gulo than for others. or had saved themselves by scattering in the thick darkness. halting quickly at the wall. the slaves rushed into the atrium in a crowd. hence it was easy to see her. Steps were heard suddenly in the entrance. and. The slaves assembled before the house of Vinicius. was throwing his own mantle over her hastily. and took counsel. but. stopped before the gate a second time But they must declare to their lord what had happened. They took him then. and. raised their hands. Atacinus. but Petronius and Chrysothemis detained him. Petronius and Chrysothemis were laughing." Gulo. — "I will tell him. the sister of Petronius. and was inherited by him from his mother. The slaves for the greater part were either lying on the ground." whispered some voices. he took her in his arms and strove to escape in the darkness." Vinicius was growing thoroughly impatient. He was quivering yet. After a short deliberation they returned to the place of conflict. Ursus bore away Lygia to the Subura. broken in the onset. an old slave. "They ought to be here! They ought to be here!" He wished to go out to meet the litter. They had not courage to enter. where they found a few corpses. "blood is flowing from his face as from ours. and among them Atacinus. which was free. returning. He dropped in one instant. "Ursus! Ursus!" She was dressed in white. But Lygia called.

in haste and pitifully. Petronius stood up with an expression of disgust on his face. lord! We fought! See our blood! See our blood!" But he had not finished when Vinicius seized a bronze lamp. "Aaaa!" Then Gulo pushed forward with his bloody face. "See our blood.Vinicius sprang toward them. then. But through the whole house. "Lord! Aaaa! Take pity!" groaned the slaves. were heard. which lasted almost till morning. his eyes turned in his head. groans and the whistling of whips. — "Me miserum! me miserum!" His face became blue. and exclaimed. from moment to moment. repeating hoarsely. with a terrible and changed voice. he drove his fingers into his hair. ornamented in the green of ivy and prepared for a feast. I will give command to open a butcher's stall on the Carina~!" And he walked out of the atrium. and with one blow shattered the skull of the slave. foam came out on his lips. "if 'tis thy wish to look on raw flesh. "Whips!" roared he at last. sothemis!" said he. "Come.. 90 . with an unearthly voice. "Where is Lygia?" cried he. Chry. seizing his own head with both hands.

hence it seemed to him that something unheard of had happened. He could not tell himself what he was to do without her on the morrow. In fact he returned home about daybreak. he collected a crowd of other servants. first of all. Some time after the departure of Petronius. To resign her. for never in life had he so desired anything as Lygia. Vinicius would have chosen to see the world and the city sink in ruins rather than fail of his purpose. But that was a pursuit without object. He visited the district of the Esquiline. which 91 . Throwing himself at last on a couch in the atrium. Passing next around the Capitol. and he could not understand simply how any one could have the daring to thwart his wishes. met another unbending will. For the first time in life the imperious nature of the youthful soldier met resistance. then the Subura. to lose her. for he himself had no hope of finding Lygia. when the carts and mules of dealers in vegetables began to appear in the city. though the night was far advanced. and when bakers were opening their shops. — a punishment almost more dreadful than death. rushed forth at the head of these to look for Lygia. At moments he was transported by a rage against her. and all the adjoining alleys. he was unwilling and unable to be reconciled with fate. On returning he gave command to put away Gubo's corpse. after that he passed through a part of the TransTiber. seemed to him impossible.Chapter 11 VINICIUS did not lie down that night. and at this thought alone frenzy took hold of him. But. It seemed to him that he could not exist without her. how he was to survive the days following. Vicus Sceleratus. and. not to see her again. The slaves from whom Lygia had been taken he sent to rural prisons. which no one had ventured to touch. when the groans of his flogged slaves could allay neither his rage nor his pain. he went to the island over the bridge of Fabricius. The cup of delight had been snatched from before his lips almost. something crying to divine and human laws for vengeance. and if he sought her it was mainly to fill out with something a terrible night. he began to think confusedly of how he was to find and seize Lygia.

and obtain a sentence of death against him. clasped his head with his hands. her form. but one wilder than another." for it happened that in the depth of districts occupied by a numerous and needy population they caught a real pearl of youth and beauty sometimes. or finally Caesar yielded itto one of his intimates. as Petronius said truly. gnawed his fingers. He wanted to have her. But. Moreover. that in every case Aulus must know where she was hiding. At last the thought flashed on him that no one else had intercepted her but Aulus. with power to act openly. and he might have kept her openly. to drag her by the hair to the cubiculum. when the centurion would bring the death sentence to old Aulus. and. he will gain from them a confession of where Lygia is. was changed into a genuine carrying away. even willingly. but before that. he will be revenged. under the influence of this terrible supposition. A thousand methods and means flew through his head. Caesar never denies anything to his intimates. — and was unable. He was almost certain that he would get it. — but that is nothing! With this one injustice they have freed him from every debt of gratitude. he will go to Caesar. it is true. accuse the old general of disobedience. again. He called to her. and the pearl was sent either to the Palatine or to one of Caesar's numberless villas. Even Nero himself on occasions called these expeditions "pearl hunts. This time fear of Poppaera might incline him also 92 . then. unless personal dislike or desire enjoins a refusal. he was carried away by a terrible yearning for her voice. Caesar had seen her during the feast. and Vinicius doubted not for an instant that she must have seemed to him the most beautiful woman he had seen yet. the Augustians. Suddenly his heart almost died within him. Here his vengeful and stubborn soul began to take pleasure at the despair of Pomponia Gr~ecina.approached madness. her eyes." as they termed the tossing. They received him. If they will not yield her to him. Caesar had no courage in crime. and he felt that he would be ready to lie at her feet. in their house and nursed him. And he sprang up to run to the house of Aulus. Petronius would assist him. Even Petronius took part in these amusements. Then the "sagatio. if they have no fear of his threats. and gloat over her. He strove with all his might to think calmly about searching for her. — "But if Caesar himself has taken Lygia?" All knew that Nero from tedium sought recreation in night attacks. How could it be otherwise? It is true that Lygia had been in Nero's own house on the Palatine. So might it happen also with Lygia. If they give her. he chose to act always in secret. to beat her. Their main object was to seize women and toss each on a soldier's mantle till she fainted.

for the first time in life. It occurred now to the young soldier that Aulus would not have dared. but not from the hands of Caesar. that he would have vengeance. After a while. heard every word of hers. how he loved her. And when he thought that all this which had become so fixed in his heart. "Vaqe misere mihi!" His imagination represented Lygia in Nero's arms. She seemed to him a hundred times sweeter. with greater truth than ever. more beautiful. the warmth of her body. who would dare? Would that gigantic blue-eyed Lygian. and at the feast. he understood that there are thoughts which are simply beyond man's endurance. perhaps. he gave command to bear him to the Palatine. to carry off forcibly a girl given him. It was possible to wrest her from the hands of any one else. a pain seized him. whither could he take her? No! a slave would not have ventured that far. dropping his idea of visiting Aulus. and drops of sweat covered his forehead. saw her at the house of Aulus. until he should break it. or if they should try to find weapons on his person. he thought now that he would not die till he had avenged her. As his whole life flashes through the memory of a drowning man. felt her near him. had not vengealice remained to him. by Caesar. — a hundred times more the only one. the delight of the kisses which at the feast he had pressed on her innocent lips. 93 . Hence no one had done the deed except Caesar. At this thought it grew dark in his eyes.to secrecy. Fle saw her. for the first time. He felt that he might go mad. and he would have gone mad beyond doubt. might be possessed by Nero. could he exclaim. Besides. In that case Lygia was lost to him forever. Then. But as hitherto he had thought that he could not live unless he got Lygia. it would be a proof that Caesar had taken Lygia. — saw her at the fountain. This gave him a certain kind of comfort. Hecate. which had become his blood and life. '~I will be thy Cassius Chaerea!"' said he to himself in thinking of Nero. Along the way he concluded that if they would not admit him to Caesar. more desired than ever. He knew then. He had at least something to live for and something with which to fill his nights and days. which was purely physical. so Lygia began to pass through his. He had no weapons with him. and so piercing that he wanted to beat his head against the wall of the atrium. seizing earth in his hands from the flower vases surrounding the impluvium. Vinicius. and his own household lares. he made a dreadful vow to Erebus. felt the odor of her hair. the one chosen from among all mortals and divinities. who had the courage to enter the triclinium and carry her from the feast on his arm? But where could he hide with her. and. Now. And he received a sort of consolation.

He did not wish his desire of revenge to fall away prematurely. too. for he expected to learn the truth from her. they will prove that Lygia is in the palace by the will of Caesar. He was ready to exterminate all Rome. In front of the arch he regained presence of mind. and had vengeful gods promised that all people should die except him and Lygia. and he determined to learn the means of doing this. he commanded the slaves to hasten. now of Lygia. "If they make the least difficulty in admitting me. with physicians whom they have summoned from the whole city. He had heard that Egyptian priests of the goddess Pasht could bring disease on whomever they wished." This was an important event. A votive offering was 94 . Caesar was simply wild from delight. now of revenge. He had a number of Jews among his domestic slaves." "What has happened?" inquired Vinicius. thou hast found an unfortunate moment." But the chief centurion smiled at him in a friendly manner. — "A greeting. hence he promised himself to torture them on his return till they divulged the secret. I do not think that thou wilt be able to see him. he preserved it in that which concerned his revenge. Convinced of this. In the Orient they had told him. For if Caesar had carried her away without knowledge of whom he was taking. and said. she would have been sent yesterday. noble tribune. in thinking of the short Roman sword which lets out a stream of blood such as had gushed from Caius Caligula and made ineffaceable stains on the columns of the portico. Previously the senate had committed the womb of Poppae to the gods with the utmost solemnity. But after a while he cast aside this supposition. and at that thought he began to tremble. If thou desire to give an obeisance to Caesar. He found most delight.He had lost presence of mind in general. and thought when he saw the pretorian guard. When that daughter was born to him. "The infant Augusta fell ill yesterday on a sudden. Caesar and the august Poppsea are attending her. that Jews have certain invocations by which they cover their enemies' bodies with ulcers. then advanced a number of steps. Acte was the only person who could explain everything. and along the road he thought without order. he might return her that day. but as is usual with persons possessed by a single idea. however. he would have accepted the promise. Had there been a wish to return her to him. At moments the hope flashed on him that he might see Lygia also. He wished above all to see Acte. and received her with extra humanism gaudium. and there was need to see her before others.

touching Lygia. and others of Caesar's servants. Nero. is she not in the palace?" "By the shade of my mother. "where is Lygia?" "I wanted to ask thee touching that. The infant Augusta is ill since yesterday. "Ah. however. to Poppae the child was dear also. with a face distorted by pain and anger. she is not in the palace. "Aulus intercepted her. Did Caesar take her?" "Caesar did not leave the palace yesterday. "Acre!" cried Vinicius. and Caesar did not intercept her. "I only wish to see Acte. by all the gods. Marcus. he pressed his head with his hands again. and he had to wait a long time to see her. But Acte was occupied also near the child. said through his set teeth. loved the infant beyond measure." And he passed in. But though he had promised himself to inquire of her calmly. She was taken from me on the way!" After a while. He could not see me. looking him in the eyes with reproach. and thrusting his face up to Acte's. but Vinicius was so occupied with himself. where the delivery took place. sitting on the bench and clinching his fists. That which had seemed the most terrible ceased to threaten him. for I was occupied with the child. that without paying attention to the news of the centurion he answered. seizing her hand and drawing her to the middle of the atrium. with a face pale and wearied. that it strengthened her position and made her influence irresistible. but he inquired of Epaphroditus. splendid games were celebrated. and told them that he would come again to see me." answered she. — "She is gone." Vinicius drew breath. and in that case woe to him!" "Aulus Plautius was here this morning." 95 . if thou wish not to cause misfortunes which thou are unable even to imagine. and said." said he. even for this.made at Antium. The fate of the whole empire might depend on the health and life of the infant Augusta. he recovered." "By the shade of thy mother. his own case and his love. and Nero has not left her cradle. She came only about midday. — "Acte! If life be dear to thee. and besides a temple was erected to the two Fortunes. unable to be moderate in anything. which grew paler still at sight of Vinicius. answer me truly. then.

at thy request and that of Petronius. — what hast thou been all thy life?" "I was a slave. Acte seemed to read the thoughts on his gloomy face. he expected that she would be sent to thee. and find her only to bend her. That has happened which Lygia herself wished. where they told him what had happened. even under the earth. hence he had no need to inquire what she had been before. Petronius would support his prayer. He had come to her because he wished to come. she went to the cubiculum and returned soon with the tablet which Aulus had left. and this morning early he was at thy house. by fleeing. He would indeed! She should be his concubine. He would give command to flog her as often as he pleased. but really he had come to Caesar. he came to her. hence he would implore him to give an order to search for her throughout the city and the empire." And she looked at him with her misty eyes almost sternly. and. "And thou." "It was known to thee that she wished to flee!" burst out Vinicius. opposed the will of Caesar. he would have come to seek Lygia in my house. Lygia. that he was talking because of pain and anger. for she said after a while." "He left a few words on a tablet. If she grew distasteful to him. Vinieius did not find an answer immediately. and the search would begin from that day. and he would do what he liked with her. from which thou wilt see that. If he knew not what happened. to the degree that even Acte saw that he was promising more than he could execute. Marcus. "I knew that she would not become thy concubine. Caesar had given him Lygia. — "No. because he judged that she would give him information. not being able to see him." But Vinicius did not cease to be enraged." When she had said this."He wished to turn suspicion from himself. and conquer her. even if it came to using for that purpose all the legions. to trample on her. he lost every sense of measure. He would find her. 96 . first of all. He would seek her out now. and at last she inquired why he had come to her. And. but his extravagance exhausted her patience. knowing Lygia to have been taken from his house by Caesar. or he would command her to turn a handmill on his lands in Africa. Vinicius read the tablet. She might have had even compassion on him. and to ransacking in turn every house within Roman dominion. growing more and more excited. he would give her to the lowest of his slaves. and was silent.

I love her. — "O blind and passionate man — she loved thee." Vinicius wrinkled his brows." Acre looked at him for a time as if hesitating. the disgrace of poverty. but now he knows 97 ." She hated him. then Vinicius said. "Yes." A moment of silence followed. It is certain that she was sick when they took her out of the garden. but till the infant Augusta recovers. Her eyes have wept enough because of thee already. seek for Lygia whenever it may please thee. or as if wishing to learn if he spoke sincerely. for he is ready to go mad. How could Acte know? Would Lygia make a confession to her after one day's acquaintance? What love is that which prefers wandering." And tears glittered in the eyes of the freedwoman. "It is not true. There were moments at the house of Aulus when he himself believed in near happiness. and may all the gods guard her poor head. And really the child did begin to cry. Love surrenders. "lest thou lose her forever the moment she is found. gloomily. but in the opposite case Poppae will be the first to accuse Lygia of witchcraft. then she said. What kind of love is that which dreads delight and gives pain? Who can understand it? Who can fathom it? Were it not for the hope that he should find her. and wherever she is found there will be no rescue for her. "Listen to me. "Thou lovest her because she has not repaid thee with hatred." Vinicius sprang up under the influence of those words. that that foreign woman whom they met in the garden bewitched her. and Liith insists that she was bewitched. with the infant Augusta. In the evening the child fell ill. he would sink a sword in himself. "What does that mean?" inquired he. Should the child recover. speak not of her to Caesar." "Lilith repeats that the child began to cry the moment she carried her past us. it does not take away. Yesterday Lygia and I were in the gardens here. to a wreath-bedecked house. and we met Popp~ra. at command of Ciesar. they will forget this. borne by an African woman. Marcus. or a shameful death even. Marcus. and has bewitched me. He would not have given that girl for all Caesar's treasures. in which a lover is waiting with a feast? It is better for him not to hear such things. Liith." answered Acte. Acte?" inquired Vinicius."Have a care. as she has me. or thou wilt bring on her Poppaea's vengeance." "Dost thou love her. and she fled. the uncertainty of to-morrow. — "But perhaps she did bewitch her. as if possessed.

suspicion will fall on Lygia. he took the child away from her parents by stratagem. to Vinicius: she had hoped that he would obtain for her permission from Caesar to return home. Emotion began to force its way through the anger and pain of Vinicius. there am I. And while speaking of this. and from all those whom he meets in Caesar's house? Did he not understand at once on seeing Lygia that she is an honest maiden. But now she is gone. had terrified and offended her." And she would have been his forever. who prefers death to infamy? Whence does he know what kind of gods she worships. Lygia blushed like a maiden who loves and trusts. The information that he was loved by Lygia shook him to the depth of his soul. and should he not cause her death. Vinicius. not a wife. Lygia's heart beat for him. perhaps he will cause her death. had made her indignant. and besides as one loving him. that she hates him. He wanted to make. and will die with hatred in her heart. He had her brought to this abode of crime and infamy. whose destruction will then be inevitable. She would have wreathed his door. He remembered her in Aulus's garden. let him seek her now with the aid of Caesar's soldiers. and whether they are not purer and better than the wanton Venus. when she was listening to his words with blushes on her face and her eyes full of light. and the daughter of a king. a feeling of certain happiness embraced him. Caius. a hundred times greater than that which he desired. But Acte. and it may be impossible to find her. and all at once. and should he find her. and then sat as his wife by his hearth on the sheepskin. He would have heard from her mouth the sacramental: "Where thou art. or than Isis. he acted with her as with a wanton. Caia. who had reared Lygia? Had he not sense enough to understand that there are women different from Nigidia or Calvia Crispinilla or Poppae. but let him know that should Poppaea's child die. that he would restore her to Pomponia. the foster daughter of an honorable house. he had been ready so to act. but he. He thought that he might have won her gradually. rubbed it with wolf's fat. It seemed to him ~hen that she had begun to love him. Why did he not act thus? True. 98 . burst forth in her turn with indignation. at that thought. usually mild and timid. but a concubine of her. Had he forgotten the house of Aulus and Pomponia Graecina. neither she nor Aulus nor Pomponia Graecina will favor him. but she had said that she looked for rescue to him.that she hated him. How had he tried to win Lygia? Instead of bowing before Aulus and Pomponia to get her. he defiled her innocent eyes with the sight of a shameful feast. worshipped by the profligate women of Rome? No! Lygia had made no confession to her.

News of the illness of the "divine" had spread quickly it was evident." which from another's mouth sounded like a death sentence. full of grievous thoughts." He stood with drooping head.Here anger raised the hair on his head again. and he saw before him the pensive figure of Pomponia Gnecina. Acte repeated as an echo the words. attacked him for news. whither to betake himself. that he must find Lygia. and at the same time to show themselves in the palace. — "May God forgive thee the wrong. But now all is past. with a feeling of misfortune and guilt. and said. immense care. and no danger would be hanging over her dear head. when suddenly the curtain separating the entrance from the atrium was pushed aside. not against the house of Aulus. At last he went out with a head devoid of counsel. 99 . she turned her pale. how to proceed. and amazement. or something evil would happen to him. she would be his betrothed. after a pause. had conic for news to her. "Too late. for new forms appeared in the gateway every moment. not understanding what God was to forgive him or could forgive him. which thou hast done to us and to Lygia. Marcus. and exhibit a proof of their anxiety. and. and through the opening of the arcade whole crowds were visible. till Petronius. even in presence of Nero's slaves. He did not know what to begin. who had come for news too. he was about to depart without taking farewell even of Acte. however. Evidently she too had heard of the disappearance of Lygia. or Lygia. judging that she could see Acte more easily than Aulus. seeing Vinicius. And wrapping himself mechanically in his toga. Among slaves of the palace were knights and senators who had come to inquire about the health of the infant. "Too late!" And it seemed to him that a gulf had opened before his feet. Some of the newly arrived. but he hurried on without answering their questions. In the court and under the gallery were crowds of anxious people. but his anger turned now. seeing that Vinicius was coming from the palace. But. Had it not been for him Lygia would not have been forced to wander. and it is too late to correct the evil which will not yield to correction. she ought to have spoken of revenge. Pomponia had no cause to mention forgiveness. He understood one thing. delicate face to him. almost struck his breast and stopped him. but against Petronius. Petronius was to blame for everything.

so weighed down and exhausted. and that giant who bore her from the feast at Caesar's. come with me. he had undertaken something already. for that Lygian is easily recognized. "May Hades swallow her and all this house!" said he. I will tell nothing here! Come with me. in that case we shall learn the direction in which they took her. for he had no news whatever. She too is looking for her. He pushed Petronius aside and wished to pass. for the gates are closed at night. If she is in the city. "How is the divine infant?" asked he. That was his main concern. for there are no secrets from me on the Palatine. and roused his indignation in an instant. we shall know that she is in the city yet. — "I have commanded my slaves to watch at every gate. by force almost. beyond doubt. and finally feeling responsible for all that had happened. the other to return at once and inform me. If my slaves do not see her at some gate. and let himself do some lawless act in Caesar's palace." And putting his arm around the young tribune. in spite of his indignation of yesterday. even by his stature and his shoulders. and when they entered the litter he said. but the other detained him. Listen to me: Perhaps Aulus and Pomponia wish to secrete her in some estate of theirs. and having." "She could not leave the city yesterday. but being a man of resources. I will tell my thoughts in the litter. who intercepted her. and shall begin this very day to search in Rome for her. he conducted him from the palace as quickly as possible. Thou art lucky that it was not C~zsar who took her. and looking around he added hurriedly. that for the moment even his innate irascibility had left him." 100 . I gave them an accurate description of the girl. But this constraint angered Vinicius a second time." "Aulus does not know where she is. — for he is the man." answered Vinicius. had it not been that when he had left Acte he was so crushed.Beyond doubt Vinicius would have become enraged at sight of Petronius. and I can assure thee that he did not. we shall find her. Two of my people are watching at each gate. — "If thou wish to know something of Lygia. "Art thou sure of that?" "I saw Pomponia. hapless man!" said Petronius. "Silence. much sympathy for Vinicius. One is to follow Lygia and the giant. gritting his teeth.

Vinicius. in case they discovered her. Then he reproached Petroruus bitterly for his counsel. — "O mighty Lady of Cyprus. till at last tears of sorrow and rage began to fall from his eyes. might have seen her every day. and in a voice broken by emotion told Petronius what he had heard from Acte. Lygia would have been at the house of Aulus. and he would have been happier at that moment than Caesar.But Vinicius burst forth in sorrow still more than in anger. he yielded more and more to emotion. with a certain astonishment. — dangers so dreadful that because of them there would be need to hide her from Poppaea most carefully. when he saw the tears of despair said to himself. And carried away as he went on with his narrative. thou alone art ruler of gods and men!" 101 . Petronius. everything would have gone differently. and what new dangers were threatening Lygia. Had it not been for him. who had not even thought that the young man could love and desire to such a degree. and he.

namely. Then they passed into the interior portico." said Vinicius. or to-morrow. "but do not mention him. who gave directions to send it at once to the house of Vinicius. Let us speak of Lygia. and Gulo I killed. but the method was good in itself." "I have given orders to send them to rural prisons. "Atacinus and Gulo knew him." answered Vinicius. Rome is a sea—" "A sea is just the place where men fish for pearls. Of course we shall not find her to-day.Chapter 12 WHEN they alighted in front of the arbiter's house. who were sent for Lygia. but we shall find her surely. "Hast thou among thy people any one who knows that giant Lygian?" asked Petronius. in his arms. began to talk. — those. But command thy people also to watch at the gates. "that they are in Rome. The atriensis had given orders to take food to them." said Petronius. and became bad only when turned to bad. Thou hast accused me just now of giving thee this method. that under penalty of rods they were to watch carefully all who left the city. but me. as they will recognize her easily. and poured wine for them into goblets." "I am sorry for him." And writing a few words on a wax-covered tablet. out of wonderful narrow-necked pitchers from Volaterr~ and Qecina. he handed it to Petronius. The golden-haired Eunice and has pushed bronze footstools under their feet. and let them go to the gates." "I intended to free him. and in that case we shall find them. sitting on a marble bench." said Petronius. but Atacinus fell yesterday at the litter. beyond doubt. Thou hast 102 . "Thou seest. "but I will recall the orders at once. and. "He carried not only thee. the chief of the atrium answered them that of slaves sent to the gates none had returned yet. and a new command.

that he intends to go to Sicily with his whole family. especially as neither Caesar nor Aulus Plautius intercepted her. but now. because that will justify them in thy sight. But that little doll may recover. "and in every case she would be out of danger. — "Poppae. who was superstitious also. too. as a test." Vinicius." said Vinicius. It is almost beyond doubt that Pomponia reared her in the religion of that deity which 103 ." said he.heard from Aulus himself." Here Petronius meditated a while and added. which ridicules the gods. If we spread the report that evil spirits carried off Lygia." "Some person pays for that with blood at times. looked at Petronius with sudden and great fear. And where could a slave find so many people in the course of one day?" "Slaves help one another in Rome. "they will believe. and believes in evil spirits. since thou art half a believer thyself. will believe. "Who are they? What deity does she worship? I ought to know that better than thou. follows the religion of the Jews." answered Petronius. he must have had help. it is said. "If Ursus could not have men to help him. If thou give thy people the idea of evil spirits. but not some against others. "See. Ask one of them. if that child dies. and they will not look for her." "But who could help her?" "Her co-religionists. Meanwhile we shall put her away somewhere far off from the city. The Lygian could not have effected it alone. her escape was really mysterious. that alarmed me. they will say at once that they saw such with their own eyes." "True. he will swear at once by the Aegis of Zeus that he saw them. Caesar is superstitious. In that case the girl would be far from thee. too. Should she die. that she died because of Lygia. In this case it was known that responsibility and punishment would fall on thy people. the news will find belief. if he did not see spirits carrying off Lygia through the air. Poppae will believe. in some villa of mine or thine. who could take her?" Petronius began to laugh. True. we shall find some way of escape. they support one another. Such is our society. and will persuade Caesar." "Nearly every woman in Rome honors a different one. and was not able to take her alone. They." "I should follow them.

his hair was in disorder. since he has had only two adherents. his unshaven beard indicated a dark strip on his firmly outlined jaws. or rather he must be a very weak god. that no person has seen her make an offering to our gods in any temple. just as they would not have noticed dogs moving around them. I saw splendid forms at thy villa. I know what love is. his pupils were gleaming with fever. I know not what the doctor has prescribed to thee. but I know how I should act in thy place. and I know that when one is desired another cannot take 104 . "Fever is tormenting thee.'" "Evidently their God is some curator who is very mild. Pomponia cannot be a Christian. but that is not possible." interrupted Vinicius. Do not contradict me. Iras and the golden-haired Eunice looked at him also with sympathy. Perhaps I shall find her in disguise. Where she has put away all the others is her affair. and he and Petronius took no notice whatever of the slave women. I am sick." said Vinicius." Petronius looked at him with commiseration. Ha! let him forgive thee. and he wa~ really like a sick man." "That faith commands forgiveness. "It is. as her virtue is known. but are enemies of the human race. — and Ursus in addition. and that they assisted Lygia. who must be one powerful and merciful. — Pomponia and Lygia. and an enemy of the human race could not treat slaves as she does.she herself worships. They say that Christians not only worship an ass's head. "At Acte's I met Pomponia." "Then listen to me. a domestic tribunal cleared her of the charge. It must be that there are more of those adherents. but he seemed not to see them. They have accused her even of being a Christian. or sleep. what one she worships 1 know not." "I would offer him a hecatomb to-morrow! I have no wish for food. In fact. "Ah! Pomponia mentioned to me sonie god. and permit the foulest crimes." "In no house are they treated as at Aulus's." said Petronius. or the bath. it is enough that that Logos of hers cannot be very mighty. and in sign of forgiveness return thee the maiden. Till this lost one is found I should seek in another that which for the moment has gone from me with her. I will take a dark lantern and wander through the city. One thing is certain. who said to me: 'May God forgive thee the evil which thou hast done to us and to Lygia. there was blue under his eyes.

Petronius. Taking. since thoughts of Chrysothemis have not restrained me. and who wished to soften his pain. But in a beautiful slave it is possible to find even momentary distraction. and with joined palms implored him not to remove her from the house. and. but I do not want her. seeing that he could not remain in one place. thou wilt bathe and anoint thyself." said he. his refusal as a temporary dislike for all women save Lygia." But she dropped before him on her knees. while he listened with amazement. I give her to thee. I will go beyond the Tiber — if I could see even Ursus. She would not go to Vinicius. he said. no! I care not for her! I care not for others! I thank thee. Well.her place. and finally he placed his palm on the hip of the golden-haired Eunice). — "No. however. Let him give command to flog her daily. began to meditate how he might do so." "I do not need it. and not wishing his own magnanimity to go for naught. who had for him a real weakness. after a while (and here he began to look in turn at Iras and Eunice. said quickly. then dress: after that thou wilt go to the house of Vinicius. She would rather carry fuel to the hypocaustum in his house than be chief servant in that of Vinicius. "Perhaps thine have not for thee the charm of novelty. did not try to detain him. looking with frightened eyes on Vinicius. pressing his temples with his hands. like a man who is tortured by disease. she said. seemed to wait for his answer without breath in her breast." And he hurried away. A more beautiful figure than hers even Skopas himself has not chiselled. — "Eunice. But Petronius. she could not go. I myself cannot tell why I have remained indifferent to her thus far. She would not. and will not hear anything. Give command to bring me a Gallic cloak with a hood. I will seek that one through the city." said Vinicius. take her for thyself!" When the golden-haired Eunice heard this. only not send her away. she grew pale in one moment. she stretched her hands to him. A slave who ventured to beg relief from the fulfilment of a command. And trembling like a leaf with fear and excitement. turning to the slave. "Look at this grace! for whom some days since Fonteius Capiton the younger offered three wonderful boys from Clazomene. who said "I will not and I 105 . and she begged him to have pity on her. But he sprang up suddenly. and.

trembling. but not so carefully that he could not divine it. he passed into the library. and went out. he saw unexpectedly the slender form of Eunice standing. Finally he frowned. he looked for a while at the kneeling girl. among other slaves. and decided to go to the trielinium to strengthen himself. and. above all. he wrinkled his brow again." Eunice rose. he could not endure opposition. and then said.cannot. and return with him. "and give her five-and-twenty lashes." was something so unheard-of in Rome that Petronius could not believe his own ears at first. pressed the border of his toga to her lips." When he had said this. After a while he shrugged his shoulders at these fears. joy and gratitude. and looked around for the atriensis. was important. That illness. — a weakness hidden carefully. nor anything which ruffled his calmness. lord!" In her voice were heard. besides this. to which. after a time she returned with the chief of the atrium. — "Call Tiresias. he was able not to spare punishment. a Cretan. at the wall. and said. Since. however. and forgetting that he had given Tiresias no order beyond flogging her. with tears in her eyes." But the flight of Lygia and the illness of the infant Augusta had disturbed his mind so much that he could not work long. "Thou wilt take Eunice. as not to harm her skin. after that to the Campus Martins. were freer than others. sitting down at a table of rose-colored marble. and then to Chrysothemis. He was too refined to be cruel. Not seeing him among the servants. like that of a god. began to work on his "Feast of Trimaichion. in such fashion. too. lord. especially in the department of pleasure. he turned to Eunice. on a certain weakness which Poppaea had for him. I have received them! Oh. and honoring the will of their master. It was clear 106 ." said Petronius. yes. It occurred to Petronius that were Caesar to believe that Lygia had cast spells on the infant. "Hast thou received the lashes?" She cast herself at his feet a second time. it is true. for the girl had been brought at his request to the palace. yes. the responsibility might fall on him also. But on the way to the trielinium at the entrance to the corridor assigned to servants. they were subject. His slaves. that at the first interview with Caesar he would be able in some way to show the utter absurdity of such an idea. Tiresias. on condition of performing their service in an exemplary manner. But he could reckon on this. he counted a little. — "Oh. as it were. according to general custom. and then order the litter to bear him once more to the palace. In case they failed in these two respects.

Petronius looked at the slaves. all had certain strange smiles. had proclaimed the might of love. After he had eaten. "That is well. There was no answer to that question. who understood this. wondered at the passionate resistance of the girl. who." 107 . with that golden hair thrown back. that Petronius. felt for her a certain species of compassion. lord. He looked then for a while on Eunice lying at his feet. lord. among whom were beautiful and stately youths. and call her Diana." answered the atriensis with alarm. as a philosopher. He could read nothing on any face. he gave command to call Tiresias. Other slaves ridicule her. and went in silence to the trielinium.that she looked on the lashes as a substitute for her removal from the house. she was so beautiful." "What dost thou know of her?" Tiresias began to speak in a somewhat uncertain voice: "At night Eunice never leaves the cuhiculum in which she lives with old Acrisiona and Ifida. as a man of aesthetic nature. "Dost thou love some one in this house?" asked he. tearful eyes to him. she looked at him so entreatingly. had given homage to all beauty. but he was too deeply versed in human nature not to know that love alone could call forth such resistance. Whom of the slaves does she love?" "No one. and that now she might stay there. on the contrary. — "Yes. "Whom of those dost thou love?" inquired he. lord. "Did Eunice receive the flogging?" inquired he. lord. after thou art dressed she never goes to the bathrooms. Eunice inclined her head to his feet and remained motionless. Thou didst not let the skin be cut. indicating the servants with his head. in a voice so low that it was hardly possible to hear her. he gave command to bear him to the palace. She raised her blue. however." And with those eyes." "Did I give no other command touching her?" "No. "She did. with fear and hope in her face. with whom he remained till late at night. Petronius. and who. and answered. and then to Chrysothemis. But when he returned.

At first it seemed clear to him that the young slave wished Vinicius to find Lygia for this reason only. Eunice came to me and said that she knew a man who could find her. to whom I offered her to-day. who had offered him three boys from Clazomenc for Eunice. But Petronius began to think of Eunice. however. There was." "The whole familia are speaking of the flight of the maiden who was to dwell in the house of the noble Vinicius. lord?" "I have commanded thee to say all thou knowest. He thought. also. and was in a hurry to sleep. hence she may stay in the house. did not accept her. but the hour was late. and that Fonteius Capiton." "That is well. it is true. in the corners of Chrysothemis's eyes." "Ah! What kind of man is he?" "I know not. Afterward. 108 . whom thou wilt request in my name to meet me here. a simple way of learning the truth. it occurred to him that the man whom Eunice was pushing forward might be her lover. Thou art free to go. that day. for it was enough to summon Eunice." The atriensis bowed and went out. that she would not be forced from his house. Vinicius."Enough." said Petronius. but I thought that I ought to inform thee of this matter. Let that man wait to-morrow in my house for the arrival of the tribune." "Is it permitted me to speak more of Eunice. Petronius felt tired after his long visit with Chrysothemis. wanted to buy her too cheaply. But on the way to the cubiculum he remembered — it is unknown why — that he had noticed wrinkles. lord. After thy departure. that her beauty was more celebrated in Rome than it deserved. and all at once that thought seemed to him disagreeable. "My relative.

coupled with the offer of a reward for seizing them. had sought Lygia the whole day before. to watchmen in the smaller towns. and that the old general did not know what had happened to her. he hurried with all speed to the house of Petronius. But it was doubtful whether that pursuit would reach the fugitives. it is true. but had been unable to find the least indication or trace of her. weighed him down still more. This information. 109 . instead of comforting him. disguised as a slave. that they are opened for persons going out. Vinicius had sent out his people to all roads leading to the provinces. He knew that no news had come from the gates. whether the local authorities would feel justified in making the arrest at the private instance of Vinicius. to pass the walls by other ways. when he inquired for the man. through every corner of the city. called by Tiresias. when the days become shorter. for he began to think that Ursus might have conducted her out of the city immediately after her seizure. to slaves who wish to escape from the city.Chapter 13 NEXT morning. and the number of these is considerable. When Tiresias announced to him. with a detailed description of Ursus and Lygia. then. and even should it reach them. Petronius had barely finished dressing in the unctorium when Vinicius came. well known. but it is true. Indeed. the gates are closed rather early. and that confirmed him in the belief that it was not Aulus who had intercepted the maiden. without the support of a pretor. proclaiming a pair of fugitive slaves. He had seen Aulus's servants. that there was a man who would undertake to find Lygia. as a proof that Lygia was still in Rome. also. It is true that in autumn. also. there had not been time to obtain such support. Vinicius himself. for instance. and hence before Petronius's slaves had begun to keep watch at the gates. but they seemed to be seeking something also. and barely had he finished saluting his uncle. It was possible.

a soothsayer. a sage. Petronius put his hand on her golden head." said he. laid on a chair inlaid with pearl." "It has come." said she in a whisper." "Pain met thee yesterday at the hands of Tiresias. joy was in her eyes." In fact. when she had covered him with the toga. "Yes. 1-Je noticed that her arms had a marvellous pale rose—color." "Has he predicted the future to thee?" Eunice was covered with a blush which gave a rosy color to her ears and her neck even. Eunice knows him. hence happiness also should come." "Oh! she whom thou hadst the wish to bestow on me yesterday?" "The one whom thou didst reject." "Who is he?" "A physician. who knows how to read people's fates and predict the future. Petronius looked at her. After a while. for she is the best vestiplica in the whole city. and will give nearer information concerning him." "What is his name?" "Chilo Chilonides. "has the man come to Tiresias whom thou didst mention yesterday?" "He has. She seemed to him very beautiful. bending at times to lengthen the folds. "Eunice. "She will come this moment to arrange the folds of my toga."We shall see him at once. lord. Her face was clear and calm." said Petronius." "What?" "I remain. she began to arrange it. and her bosom and shoulders the transparent reflections of pearl or alabaster. already. and taking the toga. lord." "What has he predicted?" "That pain and happiness would meet me. she opened the garment to throw it on Petronius's shoulder. the vestiplica came in before he had finished speaking. lord. 110 . for which I am grateful.

— "Dost thou know clearly what thou art undertaking?" "When two households in two lordly mansions speak of naught else. composed of a dark tunic of goat's wool and a mantle of similar material with holes in it. who inquired directly.' and I undertake to find her in the city. who was pleased with the precision of the answer. noble tribune. Eunice." Under that touch her eyes were mist-covered in one instant from happiness. sends a greeting through me to Petronius. he said. and I am satisfied with thee. the wisest of the living. above that hump rose a large head." answered Chio. A smile came to the lips of Petronius at thought of his suspicion of yesterday. divine Thersites! How are the lumps which Ulysses gave thee at Troy." "That is well. the wisest of the dead. covered with them completely. and his nose. whither she has fled and where she has hidden. "What means hast thou to do this?" 111 . and the request to cover my lumps with a new mantle. he made a low bow. the eye was penetrating. His yellowish complexion was varied with pimples. was intercepted. Petronius and Vinicius passed into the atrium."Thou hast arranged the folds well to-day. In that marvellous figure there was something both foul and ridiculous." said Vinicius. and reared in the house of Aulus Plautius. "The night before last a maiden named Lygia. At sight of him. where Chio Chilonides was waiting. He was not old. answering with a wave of the hand to his bow. might indicate too great a love for the bottle. and what is he doing himself in the Elysian Fields?" "Noble lord. His neglected apparel. so that at the first cast of the eye he appeared to be hunchbacked. in his dirty beard and curly locks a gray hair shone here and there. — "A greeting. if she has left the city — which is little likely — to indicate to thee." answered Chilo Chionides. and when half Rome is repeating the news. Homer's Thersites came to the mind of Petronius." But further conversation was interrupted by the impatient Vinicius. showed real or simulated poverty. Thy slaves were conducting her. "the answer deserves a new mantle." "By Hecate Triformis!" exclaimed Petronius. The man who was standing before him could not be any one's lover. When he saw them. "Ulysses. and her bosom began to heave quickly. it is not difficult to know. from Caesar's palace to thy 'insula. or. that this man might be Eunice's lover. He had a lank stomach and stooping shoulders. but specially Callina. with the face of a monkey and also of a fox. O lord. Hence.

art thou a philosopher?" inquired Petronius. is blushing in thy nose." "And didst thou make her pay well for them?" "One can never pay enough for mutuality. I gave her an amulet which secures mutuality. lord. — "Wretch. lord. that wine is fluid?" "And he declared that fire is a divinity. "Thou hast the means. divinity. I will give command to beat thee with clubs. I go on foot from one wine-shop to another. therefore. I am a Peripatetic. am collecting money to buy a slave copyist to write down my thoughts." "I am a philosopher. lord. divine sage?" "I am a Cynic. because I wear a tattered mantle. I have the wit only. is a temple. and on the way teach those who promise to pay for a pitcher of wine. I gave her two threads from that zone." "Oh." "And at the pitcher thou dost become a rhetor?" "Heraclitus declares that 'all is fluid." "What aid did she want?" "Aid in love." "Of what school art thou. for my fame struck her ears. and I. and the warmer the air the more perfect the beings it makes. because I bear poverty patiently. In Paphos. on the island of Cyprus. and said. lord. especially of such as thou hast just offered magnanimously. who lack two fingers on my right hand." Petronius smiled also." "But the divine Diogenes from Apollonia declared that air is the essence of things. She wanted to be cured of unrequited love. lord." "Didst thou cure her?" "I did more. enclosed in an almond shell. in case thou deceive me for gain. and from the warmest come the souls of sages. in which is preserved a zone of Venus. for. I am a Stoic. not owning a litter." thought he. Whence knowest thou Eunice?" "She came to me for aid.Chilo smiled cunningly. O lord. lord. and preserve my wisdom f or mankind. "Eunice told me that thou art a physician and a soothsayer. for he was perfectly satisfied with his guest. And since the 112 .' and canst thou deny. "That man can find the maiden. Meanwhile Vinicius wrinkled his joined brows. and a philosopher cannot be greedy of gain.

that to-day there are not such benefactors as were numerous formerly. and know that if thou wert to lose the string of thy sandal I should find it." "Oh. I come from Mesembria. thou art great!" "And unrecognized. Only have confidence.a genuine sage should warm his soul with wine. lord. and wouldst thou hinder. At times." "Modesty hinders me. and he was angry at Petronius. hence the whole conversation seemed to him simply a vain loss of time. The Greek raised his eyes. a pitcher of even the stuff produced in Capua or Telesia from bearing heat to all the bones of a perishable human body?" "Chilo Chionides. But remember. where is thy birthplace?" "On the Euxine Pontus. "When wilt thou begin the search?" asked he. I am searching yet. and to serve those with news who are in need of it. Chio. and for whom it was as pleasant to cover service with gold as to swallow an oyster from Puteoli. honored tribune. "And since I am here." said the sage. who will indicate those who composed them? Who will discover at the book-stalls verses against Caesar? Who will declare what 113 . lord. Otherwise my wisdom will perish with me. and answering thy affable question. if not the only son of my father? When on the walls there are inscriptions against the divine Poppae. But Vinicius was impatient again.autumns are cold. "I have begun it already. turning to the Greek. but the gratitude of mankind is small. I need to buy a copyist." "And who pay for it?" "Ah. my services are not small. In view of the hope which had gleamed before him. or him who picked it up on the street." "Hast thou been employed in similar services?" asked Petronius. No. who will find him. when a valued slave escapes. for a philosopher not to be forced to seek other means of living. he wished Chilo to set out at once on his work." "If thou hast not collected enough yet to buy a sound mantle." "What are thy means?" "To know everything. "To-day men esteem virtue and wisdom too low. pensively." answered Chio. thy services cannot be very famous. O lord.

Enough! We wanted to know who thou art. with a sigh. in the Circus. every alley and hiding-place? Who knows what they say in the baths. in the fencing-schools. I have not come empty-handed. for all are occupied with the infant Augusta. "Have I not said the same. "Thou wilt be the ass." said he. thy virtue. "to win the fortress with bags of gold?" "I am only a poor philosopher. though two fingers were lacking on his right hand. in the markets. and perhaps I may even divine why ye prefer to search for the maiden with my help rather than that of the city guards and Caesar's soldiers. and would not act against thy slaves. I know that she is not on the Palatine. to thee?" 114 ." said Petronius. for I have spoken with his slaves. I know that her escape was effected by a servant. with the other he made the gesture of counting money. and even in the arenas?" "By the gods! enough. thy wisdom.is said in the houses of knights and senators? Who will carry letters which the writers will not intrust to slaves? Who will listen to news at the doors of barbers? For whom have wine-shops and bake-shops no secret? In whom do slaves trust? Who can see through every house. with astonishment. would not stop till he had found out the hiding-place. like a hound." answered Chilo. "Such are the times. "Well. lord. for he thought that this man. and thy eloquence. I know that Aulus did not intercept the maiden. Vinicius?" broke in Petronius. in slave-dealers' sheds. He could not find assistance among slaves." "Of what kind?" asked Vinicius. "ye have the gold. "we are drowning in thy services. then. Only a co-religionist would help him." "Dost hear. He raised his head then. noble sage!" cried Petronius." Vinicius tossed him a purse. The Greek stretched out one hand. "dost thou need indications?" "I need arms. which the Greek caught in the air. word for word. once put on the trail. and said: "I know more than thou thinkest. and we know!" But Vinicius was glad. — a slave coming from the same country as she. with humility." said he. from the atrium to the garden? Who knows every street. for slaves all stand together.

I should go to them. become the most devoted among them. I have heard this. but I could not learn from her slaves what god that is. too." continued he. "worships beyond a doubt the same divinity as that most virtuous of Roman ladies."That is an honor for me. turning again to Vinicius. and gain their confidence." answered Vinicius." answered Vinicius. he walked out. he added: "May Fortune scatter on you both equally all gifts." "Most certainly. lord. that Pomponia was tried in her own house for worshipping some kind of foreign god." said Petronius to him at parting. If I could learn that. that he will find Lygia. Walking on slowly. and looking 115 . and admired both its weight and its jingle. But thou." said Vinicius. meanwhile I must give command to perfume the atrium. that were there a kingdom of rogues he might be the king of it. or a number of times?" "Only once. lord. lord. "but I will say. canst thou not give me some information thereon?" "I cannot. and I have answered the questions. "Ulysses gives thee thanks for Thersites. "What wilt thou say of that noble sage?" inquired Petronius. wrapping his new mantle about him. I saw once that Lygia made a fish on the sand. Hast thou not seen. "This. with roused curiosity. "Dost thou divine what that means?" "Do I divine!" exclaimed Chio." said Chio. some amulet on Pomponia or thy divine Lygia? Hast thou not seen them making signs to each other. And bowing in sign of farewell. under its folds. the purse received from Vinicius. permit me now to give one. I shall make a nearer acquaintance with this stoic. and bowing a second time. some statuette. some token. intelligible to them alone?" "Signs? Wait! Yes." said the Greek. as I know too. some offering. honored tribune. threw up on his palm. a number of days in the house of the noble Aulus. "The maiden." But Chilo Chionides. "Ye have asked me long about various things. that genuine matron." "And art thou certain. with delight. or what his worshippers are called. too." "A fish? A-a! O-o-o! Did she do that once. noble lords. Pomponia. that she outlined a fish? O-o?" "Yes. who hast passed. worthy lords!" "Give command to bring thee a mantle.

were I to advise thee to buy not a male but a female slave? I know thee. he entered the wine-shop and ordered a pitcher of "dark" for himself. in which thou too mayest find shelter. But what wouldst thou say. Ah! the woif-whelps lord it over the world to-day! I should fear that Petronius less. a fish. Och! what a hard life! Where are the times in which for an obolus a man could buy as much pork and beans as he could hold in both hands. — "Sporus. for the wrinkling of his brow forebodes no good. he passed the portico of Livia. therefore buy to console thee even a female slave. She is dull. She must indeed live somewhere. — yes. and this is what my friend gave me at parting. "I must go to Sporus." The plump eyes of Sporus became plumper still at this sight. and filled with blood? But here is that villain Sporus! In the wine-shop it will be easier to learn something. I have found at last what I have been seeking this long time. It is needful. hence Vinicius will pay for the dress. ergo he will pay me separately for this fish. and must eat. like Eunice. I toiled to-day with Seneca from dawn till midday. — "Knowest what that means?" "A fish? Well. and ready to give half his fortune for that Lygian linnet. Just such a man have I been seeking this long time. she must dress. may I choke myself with a piece of goat's cheese! But I shall know. though thou dost add so much 116 . I know that thou wouldst consent. for instance. to be on one's guard with him. however. thou thyself wouldst grow young near her. thou art an orphan." "Thou art dull. reaching the corner of the Clivus Virbius." said he to himself. therefore Vinicius will hire her a dwelling. Another such purse and I might cast aside the beggar's wallet and buy myself a slave. irascible. If she were beautiful. O gods! but the trade of procurer pays better at present than virtue. hence he will support her. He is young. Fish live under water. and at the same time wouldst have from her a good and certain income. yes. and the wine was soon before Chilo. turned toward the Subura. I sold to that poor Eunice two threads from my old mantle. putting it on the table. that's a fish. "and pour out a little wine to Fortuna. he drew a fish on the table. but if Petronius were to give her to me.around to see if they were not looking at him from the house. and." Thus conversing. thou hast lost father and mother. and said. Ah! she drew a fish on the sand! If I know what that means. Seeing the sceptical look of the shopkeeper. Chilo Chilonides. Moistening his fingers in it. said. Yes. I would take her. or a piece of goat's entrails as long as the arm of a boy twelve years old. bounteous as mines in Cyprus. Chilo. and searching under water is more difficult than on land. and. he took a gold coin from his purse.

I tell thee." 117 . thou too mightst have made a fortune. my personal friend. This is a symbol which. Honor philosophy.water to the wine that thou mightst find a fish in it. in the language of philosophers. has been urging me this long time. or I shall change my wineshop. means 'the smile of fortune.' If thou hadst divined it. — an act to which Petronius.

It was decided to rear to her a temple and appoint a special priest to her service. since he had learned from Acte that Lygia loved him. The senate assembled in an extraordinary session. who hastened with marks of sorrow and sympathy. who was in great fear because of the illness of the infant Augusta. set out before the Palatine as a sign of mourning. Chilo did not show himself anywhere. whose sacrifices proved powerless. and above all amused themselves with the unparalleled spectacle. therefore when the cypress. was a hundred times more eager to find her. In a week the child died. refused food for two days. did the same. he denied audience to every one. Mourning fell upon the court and Rome. and though the palace was swarming with senators and Augustians. statues of her were cast from precious metals. and also unable. to ask aid of Caesar. and also the people. was removed. All knew in Rome that Poppae ascribed it to enchantment. they wept with him. nor all the means of enchantment to which they turned finally. Petronius was glad now that Lygia had fled. Vinicius. and her funeral was one immense solemnity. who were thus enabled to explain the vanity of their efforts. who at the birth of the infant was wild with delight. He was unwilling. That death alarmed Petronius. stretched out their hands for gifts. at which the dead child was pronounced divine. supported her. The physicians. as well as the sorcerers. the priests. who were trembling for their lives. and. confining himself in his apartments. he went to the reception appointed for the senators and Augustians to learn how far Nero had 118 . Caesar. during which the people wondered at the unrestrained marks of grief which Caesar exhibited. New sacrifices were offered in other temples in honor of the deceased.Chapter 14 FOR a number of days after the interview. for he wished no evil to Aulus and Pomponia. was wild now from despair. nor the art of physicians. neither did prayers and offerings. and he wished good to himself and Vinicius. Sacrifices in the temples did not help. and began himself to search.

Knowing Nero. — thou alone. but Petronius resolved at that moment to put everything on one cast of the dice. with the same seriousness and sorrow. It was evident that. and to neutralize results which might come from his belief. he passed into a despairing shout. hence. let even this treasure of consolation remain to us!" Nero's face quivered.lent ear to reports of spells. for at moments he made a gesture as if to cast the dust of the earth on his head. to the consolation offered by knights and senators. drew the life from her breast! Woe is me! Would that my eyes had not seen the light of Helios! Woe is me! Eheu! eheu!" And raising his voice still more. amid sobs. Rome and the world are benumbed with pain. and giving an exhibition of parental sorrow. though he loved her passionately. Nero listened. to escape the suspicion that the gods had begun to punish him for crimes. he seized the silk kerchief which Nero wore around his neck always. Petronius did not think that Caesar could love really and deeply even his own child. that though he did not believe in charms. he would feign belief. so that all present could hear him. "we have suffered an immeasurable loss. Nero himself was amazed for a moment. even if he suffered. and after a while tears came from his eyes. and take vengeance on some one. — "Eheu! And thou art guilty of her death! At thy advice the evil spirit entered these walls. — the evil spirit which. he felt certain. that Terpnos and Diodorus had a direct order to close Caesar's mouth whenever he raised his voice too much and exposed it to danger. he sprang up and cried in a tragic voice. Petronius alone was unmoved. he knew too well what he was doing. so as to magnify his own suffering. He had not the power even then to endure in his silent and as it were petrified sorrow. began to repeat. and at moments he groaned deeply. as an actor would give it on the stage. besides. dropping his head on his breast. but seeing Petronius. he thought. He was not mistaken. too. placing it on the mouth of the Imperator. with one look. but do thou preserve thy voice for us!" Those present were amazed. — "Lord. and. with stony face and fixed eyes. O Petronius! thou alone!" Tigellinus grew 119 . finally. He remembered.— "Thou alone of all thought of this. he was thinking of this: What impression would his suffering make upon others? He was posing as a Niobe. however. All at once he rested his hands on Petronius's shoulders. that he would exaggerate his suffering. stretching out his hand. and. "O Caesar!" continued he. said solemnly.

standing near. Tigellinus tried. We. yet was full of plans for the future. took up the challenge directly. and compose music for it. and then a conversation began which. Tigellinus gnawed his own anger. and even the receptions required at the promised coming of Tiridates. — touching a journey. but Petronius continued. "True!" answered Nero. let thy breast breathe the salt dampness. it is true. "Pain was speaking. Tigellinus was silent. there solace will come to thee." "And then thou wilt find the warm sun in Bai~. and simply recorded in his memory those senators and knights who." said he. sure now of victory. 120 . there joy flowed in on thee. Tigellinus had this superiority." answered the courtier. that Nero acted with less ceremony. but Petronius. will follow thee everywhere. gloomy state of mind passed away gradually." "In the birthplace of poetry and song. artistic exhibitions. Between him and Petronius there had long existed a rivalry touching Nero. thou wilt comfort us with song. as clouds pass that are covering the sun. and when we assuage thy pain with friendship. when Petronius withdrew to the depth of the chamber. "dost thou think that enchantments can injure the gods?" "Caesar himself has mentioned them. So it happened now. but thou — what is thy opinion of the matter?" "The gods are too mighty to be subject to charms.yellow from envy. to bring forward again the enchantment." "And afterward — forgetfulness in Greece. surrounded him straightway. while thus far Petronius overcame Tigellinus at every encounter with wit and intellect." And his stony. sadly. "I will write a hymn in her honor. repeating that shout which the people gave always when a gladiator in the arena received such a blow that he needed no other." "Then wouldst thou deny divinity to Caesar and his family?" "Peractum est!" muttered Eprius Marcellus. or rather with none whatever in his presence. King of Armenia. "Tigellinus. — "Go to Antium! there she came to the world. though full of sadness. not Caesar. supposing that after this incident he would surely be Casar's first favorite. Let the sea air freshen thy divine throat. thy devoted ones.

on leaving the palace. to draw it a second time. the monkey. to go to Antium. He is dreaming. with all the crowns which the 'Gruculi' will bestow on him. 'It is not worth while to torment myself for one girl. He rn has drawn blood once from thy purse." "I will do so. I know that he has not ventured yet to appear in the theatre publicly. "from Aulus Plautius. I have known this long time that he intends to do so at Naples. have patience till thou art convinced surely of his deceit. There will be no lack of women there. and us. and then make a triumphal entry into Rome. I course through the city myself day and night. for I must go to Antium." Vinicius began to walk with quick steps. he has not shown himself. but as a man of ~udgmcnt who is answering a friend: Art thou concerned as much as ever about this Lygia?" 121 . that I have persuaded Bronzebeard. not as a mad head. Nymphidius and Demas.' come to Antium. Wilt thou thyself undertake something?" "My two freedmen. where he wants to sing in all the more prominent cities." "Draw it not. or amusement. Pomponia. — "Tell me sincerely. and thence to Naples or Bai~ and he will go. Besides I have sent out special persons by all roads leading from Rome to inquire at every inn for the Lygian and the maiden." "Let him beware lest I draw his own blood. of Greece. are searching for her with sixty men." "Whenever thou hast tidings let me know.Petronius. But has not our noble philosopher been here yet?" "Thy noble philosopher is a cheat. No. but promise a liberal reward if he brings thee certain information. but even from Lygia. counting on a chance meeting. and take so much trouble because of her. Freedom is promised the slave who finds her. "Not only have I turned away danger. and will come even for this." "And if thou wake up some morning and say. and he will not show himself again!" "But I have a better understanding. betook himself to Vinicius. Petronius looked f or some time at him. and described his encounter with Caesar and Tigellinus. who talks something into his brain and excites himself. even for this reason. During that time we shall be able to seek Lygia unhindered and secrete her in safety. whom they will not seek. and said at last. Do not give him more money. of his wit. moreover. if not of his honesty." said he.

lord. lord." said Vinicius." burst out Vinicius. lord. which spoke with greater power to Petronius than the most eloquent words." Vinicius wished to spring from the chair in which he was sitting. and may your fame course through the world from the pillars of Hercules to the boundaries of the Arsacid~e. and I know the God among whose worshippers to seek her. "What dost thou bring?" "The first time 1 came I brought thee hope. "Then she is a Christian and Christians carried her away. he said. I know who the people are who rescued her. "My relative has predestined to thee a considerable sum of money for finding the girl. and invincible yearning." said Chio. I bring certainty that the maiden will be found. and to thee." "A greeting and honor to the noble tribune of the army. — "It is not Atlas who carries the world on his shoulders. at present. and Petronius said. Then. sorrow. from a feeling of helplessness." answered Petronius. that she drew a fish on the sand?" "Yes. — "Speak on!" "Art thou perfectly certain. — "Ha! have I not told thee? By Hercules! keep thy calmness. but a no less considerable number of rods if thou deceive him. O lawgiver of virtue and wisdom. and begged to be admitted to the presence of the lord. meditating for a moment. "May your happiness be equal to your fame. entering. But at that moment a slave announced that Chilo Chilonides was waiting in the antechamber. two tears gathered in his eyes." A moment of silence followed. But Vinicius inquired with affected calmness. and sometimes she plays with it as with a bail. not thou him. At last. And they began to take farewell of each other. In the first case thou wilt 122 . but Petronius placed his hand on his shoulder. It was evident that he was restraining an outburst." "That means that thou hast not found her yet?" "Yes. Vinicius gave command to admit him immediately. and turning to Chio said. "Listen." "True. but I have found what that sign means which she made. and looked at Petronius as if he had not seen him before. then he began to walk again. anger. but woman. or he will command thee." "A greeting. O lord." said Petronius. Chilo.Vinicius stopped a moment.

in the second. Theou Uios. I know even Lygia enough. one might go mad!" cried the young man. but we know too. to the poisoners of ~ ells and fountains." "Fish!" said Petronius with astonishment. with excitement." repeated Chio. Wouldst thou raise this again? Wouldst thou persuade us that Pomponia. that is why fish has become the watchword of the Christians. 3.. "Who has ever examined a Christian? Who has learned their religion? When I was travelling three years ago from Naples hither to Rome (oh." answered Chio. We know that Junia and Calvia Crispinilla accused Pomponia Graecina of confessing the Christian superstition. will not suffice to get thee ointment. "Stop. and then said. Son of God. could belong to the enemies of the human race." "The maiden is a Christian. then. But there was something so striking in the conclusions of the Greek that the two friends could not guard them. and if those women are Christians. selves from amazement. Soter. I should have said a bird. with the addition of thy own." 2 "Well." "Thou speakest like Socrates.3 "There. "Vinicius. wert at their house for a time. "Did Lygia really draw a fish for thee?" "By all the infernal gods. What comes of that?" "Now take the first letters of each of those words and put them into one word. and with her Lygia. by Proserpina! evidently Christians are not what we hold them to be. murder children caught on the street. if that thesis which thou art announcing to us will not rebound as an antithesis on thy own back.(Greek Phrase) Iesous Christos. the Greek word for "fish. to say monstrous and foolish! If a fish is the symbol of the Christians. I was there a little while.(Greek) Ichthus. why did I not stay in Naples!)." answered Chilo. "This signifies. Chilo. to the worshippers of an ass's head. that a domestic court acquitted her. Vinicius. utter in Greek the following sentence: Jesus Christ. "If she had drawn a bird for me." Chilo spread out his arms in sign that that was not his fault. which it is difficult really to deny. but three scribes." said Petronius. whose name was 2. a man joined me." "Therefore she is a Christian. I have uttered it. Saviour.purchase not one. proudly." cried the Greek. A moment of silence followed.— "Lord. art thou not mistaken?" asked Petronius. but I know Pomponia and Aulus enough. Thou art not a dull man." 123 . lord. Chilo. the philosophy of all the seven sages. "that Pomponia and Lygia poison wells. lord. to people who murder infants and give themselves up to the foulest license? Think. and give themselves up to dissoluteness! Folly! Thou.

I shall know where the maiden is hiding. that if he helps me to find the maiden. what a suspicious god he is). The bounty of Vinicius will surpass thy expectations. he does not trust the promises even of blameless philosophers. The discovery which I have made is great. but in spite of that I convinced myself that he was a good and virtuous man. has any one given you a clew? No! I alone have given one. since. however. but only when Lygia is found. in this I recognize his acuteness. I tell you more. since yesterday! The fish made me a Christian. Among your slaves there may be Christians. and single-handed I will find the fugitives. I will sacrifice to him two heifers of the same size and color and will gild their horns. some one thrust a knife into that honorable old man. that is my philosophy. and I cannot afford the sacrifice." "Then thy Christianity of yesterday and thy philosophy of long standing permit thee to believe in Mercury?" "1 believe always in that in which I need to believe. do thou therefore. there is no lack among Christians of miracles. SO that they may admit me to all their secrets. For some days I shall be the most zealous of the zealous. I have made a vow also to Mercury. I alone will search for her. for though I have not found the maiden yet. and do ye trust in me. noble Vinicius. and his wife and child were carried away by slave-dealers. Chilo!" said Petronius. of whom people said that he was a Christian. I have found the way in which I must seek her. spread a report that I sell thee an ointment which insures victory in the Circus to horses rubbed with it. on account of that sum which he promised —" "Not an obolus. of whom ye have no knowledge. lord. enjoin silence on Eunice. lord. and prefers the heifers in advance. as people say. at an inn. and 124 . though I am not astonished at him for not wishing to do so. on the way. It is unfortunate that they see me here." "Listen to me. meanwhile this outlay is immense. wish to give something. instead of aiding. — that is. I hope that the fingers will grow out on my hand again. should the noble Vinicius. "not an obolus. I lost in their defence these two fingers. Mercury must trust thee for the two heifers. Ye have sent freedmen and slaves throughout the city and into the country. which ought to please Mercury. and when they admit me to their secrets. and they. worthy lords. for this superstition has spread everywhere. Not every one is a Seneca. when thou shalt indicate to us her hiding-place. worthy lords. noble Petronius." "How is that? Hast thou become a Christian?" "Since yesterday. Perhaps then my Christianity will pay me better than my philosophy. Unfortunately (ye know. But see what a power there is in it.Glaucus." "Was it not from that virtuous man that thou hast learned now what the fish means?" "Unfortunately. and thou too. will betray you.

but his master. till at last I saw an old slave at a fountain. he answered that all his life he had been collecting sestertium after sestertium. to dealers in olive oil. I have run through every street and alley. and besides Mercury. am not able to keep down my tears. But. to redeem his beloved son. I. whom I intend to buy. that Pansa. He was drawing water with a bucket. Let the will of God be done. When we had sat down on the steps of the fountain. and shall feel the greater certainty that the promised reward will not fail me. to butcher-shops. and do ye know why? This is why. it is true! As a philosopher I despise money. to bakeries.know that whatever I receive in advance will be for me simply an encouragement. His master. though neither Seneca. I asked the cause of his tears. 'and peace be with thee. Only listen to me patiently. and carry them to buildings in the night time.' said the old man. Ah. though they have not lost fingers in any one's defence. nor even Musonius. I moistened my finger in the water and drew a fish for him. is in Christ. — and ye know how dear cattle have become in these times. 'My hope. a certain Pansa. as if penetrated by a forewarning. Among these people many Christians work. 'for though I repeat. poor sinner. I have talked with dealers in dried figs. and the honest old man told me everything. nearly a hundred ases. when the money was delivered to him. — the searching itself involves much outlay. I have been in the hiding-places of fugitive slaves. in drying-sheds. he began again to weep. and I mingled my tears with his.' said he. so as to outline a fish everywhere. he wished to redeem him. nor Cornutus despises it. 'Hast thou confessed to me by that sign?' 'I have. took it. and are able themselves to write and leave their names to posterity. as the work is beyond his son's strength. too. and hear what they would say of that sign. — 125 . in playing mora. so as not to obstruct movement in the streets during daylight. I have been in laundries. While telling me this. where slaves and hired persons unload them from the boats.' I began then to draw him out. Well. I have gone to wine-shops to talk with people. I have seen mule-drivers and carvers. and to fishermen. and he brings stones by the Tiber to Rome. look people in the eyes. 'And so I am weeping. and weeping. aside from the slave.' I asked him then. But Pansa preferred to keep both the money and the slave. and also his son. To this he answered. for I shall hope always for more. is himself a freedman of the great Pansa. Approaching him. For a long time I was unable to learn anything. to whom I have promised the heifers. for the last few days my feet are wounded from continual walking. I have lost money.' Then. but kept the son in slavery. I have been at cemeteries. I have seen people who cure bladder complaints and pull teeth. in cheap kitchens.

Yes. I did not give him money. but in spirit. Come for the youth and the money this evening. thou wilt say to Euricius that the youth is thy slave. as oil does on water. what can hide before the penetration of Petronius? Well. which. even. in intention. but only in spirit. Then he told me to come to the river at night. and the pain in my feet. "in thy narrative falsehood appears on the surface of truth. I knew no one of the brotherhood. "Permit i-ne." "I believe that thou didst discover him. and I spoke of his son with the greatest sympathy. What is the name of that old man from whom thou hart learned that the Christians recognize each other through the sign of a fish?" "Euricius. in the youth's presence." "Chilo. I was so delighted that I gave him the sum needed to redeem his son. how this act has won all the Christians at once to me." "But I helped him to lift the bucket. I gave it to him. dost understand me? Thou hast not given anything. lord. "who will take the sum necessary. Since thou hast brought important tidings. and did not know where they assembled for prayer. this money.tears came to me easily because of my kind heart. in the hope that the lordly Vinicius would return it to me twofold. I assert. in intention. what access to them it has opened. unfortunate old man! He reminded me of Glaucus. since Euricius told me that all the boats had 126 ." "True. Thou hast not given him an as. "and it was thy duty to do it. but do not cover thy news with falsehood." Petronius turned to Vinicius. but I explained to him that the letters were stolen from me on the road. to dedicate my work to thee. for think. and what confidence it has roused in them. When I heard this." interrupted Petronius. which I got from walking excessively. but thou hast given him no money. and he would acquaint me with brethren who would conduct me to houses of prayer and to elders who govern the Christian cornmunity. and wilt be able to make use of the acquaintance." said Vinicius." "Thou art a real Caesar!" said Chilo.ive the same amount for thyself. should have sufficed him. I gave it to him because I saw that such an act was indispensable and useful. A poor. that a great step is made toward finding Lygia. Thou hart brought important information. lord. I do not deny that. had he been a real philosopher. or rather. and thou wilt count out to the old man. lord. and he touched me mainly by this. but permit also that this evening I come only for the money." said Petronius." "For this very reason I have come to get the means to do it. — "Give command to count out to him five thousand sestertia. thou wilt rece. He wondered that Christians in Naples had not given me letters to their brethren in Rome." "I will give thee a young man. I began also to lament that as I had come from Naples only a few days since. whom I defended from murderers.

Peace be with you! Thus do Christians take farewell of one another. Fax vobiscum! pax! pax! pax!" 127 . — that is.been unloaded. and Christians with fish. and that new ones would come from Ostia only after some days. I will buy myself a slave woman. Fish are caught with a bait. I wanted to say a slave man.

is nothing of itself. the uncertainty. and that not Caesar's court. and. from Pompeii. by a trusty slave. are the only objects for which it is worth while to be born and to live. but war and love. who is fleeing before the sun of love. that he makes love in some way a noble art. and acquires real value only when the sculptor's hand turns it into a masterpiece. the preceptor of that Lygian Aurora. one must know how to teach love. on thy part. and nursing our heavenly voice. and if thou art curious as to what men are doing at the court of Caesar. makes it present in his mind. Cumae. but his soul. though thy hand is more accustomed to the sword and the javelin than the pen. be fortunate also in love. whose inhabitants. we continue to cherish the same hatred of Rome. to which.Chapter 15 PETRONIUS to VINICIUS: "I send to thee from Antium. thus satisfying not his body~ merely. being Greeks. I think that thou wilt answer through the same messenger without needless delay. to appear in public at Naples. my Vinicius! may thy preceptress be the golden goddess of Cyprus. People will hasten thither from Bait. We are living here at Antium. too. though most precious. and Stabia. Puteoli. be thou. the dreariness of life. when I think here of the emptiness. And remember always that marble. and full of hope. Though the plebs. I left thee on a good trail. or wilt satisfy them before the real wintry wind from the summits of Soracte shall blow on the Campania. admiring it. this letter. knows all its divine value. and even animals. "Thou wert fortunate in war. and think of betaking ourselves to Bai~ for the winter. it occurs to me that perhaps thou hast chosen better. More than once. one must know how to love. a genuine man differs from them in this especially. I will inform thee from time to time. experience pleasure. Be thou such a sculptor. neither applause nor 128 . will appreciate us better than that wolf brood on the banks of the Tiber. Oh. hence I trust that thou hast either satisfied thy pleasant desires in the embraces of Lygia. carissime! To love is not sufficient.

His death is decided. 'Ne sutor ultra crepidam!' Vitelius is the descendant of a cobbler. hence we will exhibit it to the world in every form which sculpture can employ. We are singing hymns of our own composition. I asked him. Such is our world. This was opposed by Poppae. Sporus lost his wife at dice to Senecio. if not. "Vatinius described to us a remarkable fight of gladiators. "But the memory of the infant Augusta? Yes! we are bewailing her yet. as a Jew. he will not yield it in any case. that thou d~dst not take her. my dear! we shall die buffoons and comedians! "All the Augustians are here. so wonderful that the sirens have been hiding from envy in Amphitrite's deepest caves. also. were they not prevented by the sound of the sea. Torquatus Silanus has offered me for Eunice four chestnut horses. for whom evidently Pomponia's virtue is as salt in the eye. which is to take place in Beneventum. and observe carefully if we are beautiful in our suffering and if people recognize this beauty. Corbulo will receive power such as Pompeius Magnus received in the war with pirates. but Vatinius is the son of one! Perhaps he drew thread himself! The actor Aliturus represented Oedipus yesterday wonderfully. the poor man does not even suspect that he is already more a shade than a man. There is no rescue for him. we have been expecting Tiridates here. As to Torquarus Silanus. It is said that she has begged Poppza to let her take the bath immediately after herself. "As is known to thee. Because he has conquered Armenia. And knowest what his crime is? He is the great-grandson of the deified Augustus. See to what cobblers rise in our time. and that will be an encouragement for the proposed expedition to Achaea. if Christians and Jews were the same. when Nero hesitated. because he suspected her of relations with a gladiator. Calvia Crispinilla is growing old. meanwhile Vologeses has written an offensive letter. At times even it is cheerful here. He 129 . by the way. he asks that it be left to him for Tiridates. in spite of the saying.crowns will be lacking. Lucan slapped Nigidia on the face. He seems afraid of the glory which Corbulo will win in case of victory. I would not accept! Thanks to thee. male and female. not counting ten thousand servants. however. and five hundred she asses. Our suffering is not allayed yet. in whose milk Poppae bathes. It was even thought to offer the chief command to our Aulus. which this year will win the prize beyond doubt. There was a moment. But the dolphins would listen to us. Pure comedy! So we have decided on war. Oh.

I wanted to learn whether Chilo was not deceiving me. and at night when he came to get the money for Euricius. I threw on a military mantle. Below. and begin to talk with some old man. thou wouldst not receive an answer. it seems. send him to me. he has no wish to write letters. evidently his son. inform me of thy love. a number of tens of people were unloading stones from a spacious barge. I watched from a distance. hence let time pass. ours especially. superior in this. hidden behind a portico pillar. that he cares more for life. It is not correct to consider the struggle for his favor as a kind of rivalry in a circus. Thanks to him. know how to love. These two will understand each other earlier or later. Inform me of thy health. who on seizing it began to pray with upraised hands. whose adherents increase daily. and blessed the two who were kneeling. Meanwhile we must amuse ourselves. but that Christians are a new sect risen recently in Judea. but he is. but I know this. Chilo said something which I could not hear." Vinscius to Pemonsus: "Lygia is not found yet! Were it not for the hope that I shall find her soon. I know not when it will come. making in the air signs in the form of a cross. for when a man is disgusted with life. The desire seized me to go among 130 . I explain it to myself in that way frequently. I have taken a fancy to his edifying conversation. teach how to love. and piling them up on the bank. — as a kind of game. which they honor apparently. that as things are it must come. So far he is unequal to me. and better in nothing than he. which brings him nearer Ahenobarbus. Others surrounded them with shouts of admiration. and convinced myself that Euricius was not invented. and is at the same time a greater scoundrel. They refuse. True. A greeting from me to thy divine Christian. in which victory flatters vanity. and farewell. I cannot understand what harm it would do them to recognize these gods. Life of itself would not be bad were it not for Bronzebeard. to recognize other gods. When they reached the place. that in the time of Tiberius the Jews crucified a certain man. and unobserved followed him and the slave whom I sent with him. a man at times is disgusted with himself. as well as others. who after a while fell at his feet. and then my turn will come. When he ceases to be needful to thee. as a struggle. and that the Christians consider him as God. but still it seems to me sometimes that I am like Chio.answered that the Jews have an eternal religion. or rather beg her in my name not to be a fish to thee. while at his side some second person was kneeling. "Tigellinus shows me open enmity now. I saw Chilo approach them. f or all bent their knees. Before my eyes the boy gave a purse to Euricius.

though patience fails. When Chilo discovers those places. I will take arms. Though it is hard to wait. "He learned. and we shall go. and I wait. Besides. and not to make the work still more difficult. They assemble in the night. and in general reticent. too. Hope looks for something every morning. I should know her at once. I feel that he is right. frequently outside the city. "This happened at least twelve days after thy departure. he will learn every secret. that if he has not found Lygia so far. I will go myself in disguise. There they worship Christ. But I am certain now that she is in the city. he is afraid. that when he reaches the elders. It may be that the presbyters have advised caution. might swear boldly that she knew nothing of Lygia's hiding-place. even in disguise or if veiled. in empty houses and even in sandpits. perhaps not far away even. There are many such places. I have chosen suffering and sorrow. however. so as not to rouse suspicion by haste. otherwise life would be impossible. "I am thinking continually of those places of prayer. I myself have visited many houses under pretext of renting them. sing hymns. Some of my slaves sent to the provinces have returned emptyhanded. and if the gods let me see Lygia. whole legions of poor people dwell. in case of legal proceedings or an examination. I knew how to 131 . then beyond the gates. I swear to thee by Jupiter that she will not escape my hands this time. and promise three such purses to him who would deliver to me Lygia. We shall go first to those houses which are in the city. I am thinking of her always. where she is. so that the latter. but I feared to spoil Chio's work. I should know her voice and motions anywhere. Chilo is unwilling that I should go with him. I will go with him. that they have places of meeting for prayer. and shall recognize her. and has begun to inquire of them. though carefully. He says that he has gained great significance among the Christians. She will fare better with me a hundred times. I shall spare nothing for her sake. and after hesitating a moment went home. and look at every person who goes in or out. and cannot know everything that is done in it. Since then Chilo has been a number of times with me. He gives assurance. But I cannot stay at home. and have feasts. He has made the acquaintance of a number of these already. Chilo is to come to-morrow. it is because the Christians in Rome are innumerable. Chilo supposes that Lygia goes purposely to different ones from Pomponia. They are cautious. too. hence all are not acquainted with each person in their community. but I should recognize her in the night even. Thou sayest that one should know how to love.them. Thou writest that I have chosen well. who are called presbyters.

Farewell!" 132 . Life to me is unendurable in my own house.talk of love to Lygia. But now I only yearn. I do nothing but wait for Chilo.

that he must 133 . why had she preferred wandering and misery to his love. between the world which belonged to him and Petronius. but also it had engrafted into him the conviction that every command of his to subordinates must be fulfilled. Meanwhile there rose in him. if continued to a certain and successful issue. or the need of yielding something. between their ideas. There was. besides. and that Lygia was not indifferent. there existed some sort of difference. in Lygia's opposition and resistance. But if this were true. the stubbornness of a player resolved to win. It seemed to him. and could give no satisfaction. and a residence in his splendid mansion? To this question he found no answer. seemed to him merely a mask for his own inefficiency. must be gradual. and Vinicius knew not at last what to think of his absence. some kind of misunderstanding as deep as an abyss. From earliest youth he had accomplished what he desired with the passionateness of one who does not understand failure. In trying to solve this riddle he racked his head terribly. and in her flight itself. to sit with folded arms. and arrived only at a kind of dim understanding that between him and Lygia. and the world of Lygia and Pomponia. To search the alleys of the city in the dark garb of a slave. turned out a hundred times less expert than Chio. His freedmen.Chapter 16 BUT Chilo did not appear for some time. besides his love for Lygla. persons of experience. his prolonged stay in the Orient. At present his vanity. which nothing could fill up or make even. In vain he repeated to himself that searching. For a time military discipline had put his self-will within bounds. whom he commanded to search independently. among people pliant and inured to slavish obedience. his tenderness. through this alone. too. was wounded painfully. He felt that Acte had told the truth. confirmed in him the faith that for his "I wish" there were no limits. that it was useless. to wait. Vinicius had been always a person of this kind. To do nothing. His blood and impulsive nature rebelled against the voice of judgment. a kind of riddle. was so repulsive to him that he could not be reconciled to it in any way. which was to him incomprehensible. then.

and suffering. At the same time he felt that if the choice were left him. At last he came. lord. the Greek. and delighted in thoughts of the humiliation and tortures which he would inflict on Lygia when he found her. fearing lest he might cease his searches. noting this. while he. He wanted not only to have her. like a mighty wave. felt her on his bosom. and without ceasing.lose Lygia. And when he thought that he was loved. There were days in which he thought of the marks which the lash would leave on her rosy body. By the power of imagination he saw her as clearly at times as if she had been before his face. and then desire embraced him like a flame. he did not hide the fact that they must continue yet for a good while. and when punishments fell on them causelessly. with a face so gloomy that the young man grew pale at sight of him. In this torture. lord. torment. in which he grew pale from rage. it seems. every word which he had heard from her. But there were moments. that she might do with willingness all that he wished of her. he lost health." "Of what art thou speaking. and even beauty. it is true. he would rather be her slave. that old man with whom I journeyed from Naples to Rome. At first he assured Vinicius at each visit that the affair would proceed easily and quickly. — they began to hate him in secret. and a kind of deep tenderness flooded his heart. He felt her near. took revenge all the more on them. but to have her as a trampled slave. He became a cruel and incomprehensible master. "but I found Glaucus among them. and at the same time he wanted to kiss those marks. to guarantee the undoubted success of the searches. and who is Glaucus?" "Thou hast forgotten. There were moments in which he did not know whether he loved Lygia or hated her. and even his freedmen. His slaves. sore and endless sorrow seized him. uncertainty. after long days of waiting. and at this thought he lost the remnant of balance which Petronius wished to preserve in him.— "Is she not among the Christians?" "She is. he understood only that he must find her. in his arms. He loved her and called to her. began to gain control of him. — punishments as merciless as undeserved. He recalled every word which he had spoken to her. to be her slave or not to see her in life again. and springing up had barely strength to ask. It came to his head also that he would be happy if he could kill her." answered Chilo. He restrained himself with Chilo alone. and he would rather that the earth swallowed her than that he should not see and possess her. and grew more and more exacting. and feeling his own isolation. and in whose 134 . approached him with trembling. now he began to discover difficulties. feeling this. too.

" "How does this concern me? Tell what thou sawest in the house of prayer." "It does not concern thee.defence I lost these two fingers. Robbers. and what must the case be with men? True. of a mind weak and darkened by age and disappointment. however. I inquired concerning him. "Then thou knowest more than he does. Alas! I have convinced myself that he is alive yet. he should be thankful. even gods are not always grateful." But Vinicius approached him with an ominous countenance. understood only that Glaucus was becoming a hindrance to the discovery of Lygia. lord. — "Who told thee that death would meet 135 . But. for he only surmises that it was so. — a loss which prevents me from writing. he is an old man. lord. and from revenging himself on me cruelly. unhappily. Wisdom. I left him dying at an inn in Minturna." replied Vinicius. however. I would rather renounce the reward which thou hast offered. but it concerns me just as much as my life. than expose my life for empty lucre. would have helped him. hence he suppressed his rising anger. and says that I am the cause of his misfortunes. and began in a suppressed voice. and those who knew him declared that he was the man who had been betrayed by his comrade on the journey from Naples. I as a true philosopher shall be able to live and seek divine wisdom. and the habit of thinking before every step which I intend to take. knew him at once. and bewailed him long. restrained me." Vinicius. and others. Since I wish that my wisdom should survive me. — "If thou didst defend him. who bore away his wife and child. he did not notice me. for which reason. He would have done that undoubtedly. but. on issuing from the house of prayer. I. would not prevent him from summoning the Christians. not only is he not grateful. stabbed him with a knife. as I learned from his co-religionists. he accuses me of having conspired with the robbers. however. Therefore." "Ah! worthy tribune. with equal certainty. That is the recompense for my fingers!" "Scoundrel! I am certain that it was as he says. and belongs in Rome to the Christian community. he should be thankful and help thee. without which. who could not understand what the question was. but fortunately he does not know my name. and at the first moment wished to throw myself on his neck. Otherwise I should not have known that he gives out such a story. and in the house of prayer where we met. and said. which.

Silence followed.thee sooner at the hands of Glaucus than at mine? Whence knowest thou. that less things should be sacrificed for greater. that I might go among the Christians with perfect safety." "If virtue is folly. dog. as I went some time since. lord. "Death passed me. and though thou wert convinced by thine own eyes that the son of my father told the truth to thee. but liberation?" "Play the fool with Petronius. lord. and if he had seen me once. Only after a while did the Greek resume his speech. thou hast suspicions now that I have invented Glaucus. "how can I search for her? — for I may meet him at any step. and if I meet him I shall perish. the burden of old age and misfortune weighs upon Glaucus this long time. and I will find her!" cried he. lord." continued he. and began to dry his tears. to set aside Glaucus. and King Priam said frequently that old age was a grievous burden. looked at Vinicius. lord. Indeed. No. who was a coward. I desired merely to tell thee that search for her is connected now with great peril to me. according to Seneca. and the distant song of slaves at work in the garden. and in the twinkle of an eye understood that one more unguarded word and he was lost beyond redemption." 136 . during which were heard the quick breathing of Vinicius. and with me will cease all my searching. not with me! Tell what thy desire is. I desire. Ah! would that he were only a fiction. for while he is living my life and searches are in continual peril. and so heavily that death would be to him a benefit. I would give up for that the poor old slave woman whom I bought. On a time thou didst doubt that there was a certain Euricius in the world. I have not said that I refuse to search for the maiden. For what is death. but I looked on it with the calmness of Socrates. when he noticed that the young patrician was somewhat pacified. that I will not have thee buried right away in my garden?" Chio. "Aristotle teaches us. hurriedly. may the gods permit me to be a fool all my life. lord. to care for my advanced age and maimed condition. But Glaucus is living. three days since. and in that case who would find the maiden?" Here he was silent again. "I will search for her. thou wouldst not have seen me again. "But while Glaucus lives." "What art thou aiming at? What help is there? What dost thou wish to undertake?" inquired Vinicius.

I take the gods to witness how I love him. forbidding him to mention Glaucus again. a certain idea. since it is easy to hide in the crowd. Thou art doing ill not to trust in me. and tell them that for each day of the life of Glaucus I will withhold one hundred sestertia. 137 . beyond doubt. and with this man he had resolved to become acquainted. For good work there must be good pay! Something might be added. But Chilo was not able to tell much. If I receive a thousand scstcrtia to-day. and what he had discovered. — of my life.— had observed each person carefully. But most of all was he pleased by this. They will not point to me. he will know for the first time how I loved him. at which he. — but had seen no one who resembled Lygia: the Christians. what he had seen. imprisoned because of charges preferred by the Jews. and the reward which thou has promised me. There are as many ruffians in Rome as grains of sand in the arena. No. who hired them. however. was in Rome. looked on him as one of their own sect. especially the women. and afterward make profit of the secret. I will pay them. too. and then thou wouldst have trouble. besides. — that the supreme priest of the whole sect. and to whom Christ had confided government over the whole world of Christians. might arrive in Rome any moment. All the Christians desired evidently to see him. but thou wilt not believe how dear they are when an honest man needs to employ their villainy. they honored him as a man following in the steps of "Christ." "They will rob thee. for turn attention to this." He had learned from them. and. for. also. He had been in two more houses of prayer. for I shall not give my name. men who when they have received earnest money. I have. if souls preserve memory and the gift of thought. that a great lawgiver of theirs. but asked what other news he brought. where he had been all the time. and then."Hire men to beat him to death with clubs. which seems to me infallible. who had been Christ's disciple. I will find people this very day. for my sake. remember that there is a question of two other things. will not take it off without a trace. lord." "How much dost thou need?" "A thousand sestertia. that I must find honest ruffians." Vinicius promised him once more the desired sum. since he redeemed the son of Euricius. to wipe away the tears which I shall shed out of pity for Glaucus. worthy tribune! But if watchmen catch the murderers in the act? They would tell. and what is more. setting aside my keenness. Some great meetings would follow. would be present. and hear his teachings. a certain Paul of Tarsus. Chio. two days hence his soul will be in Hades.

that he had never seen that they gave themselves up to debauchery. did not incite to crime. but their religion. as far as he knew. too. Here Chilo began to relate. unknown and mysterious. — on the contrary. with a certain surprise. and in general he listened to Chio's words with pleasure. No. the Christians. worshipped an ass. Vinicius remembered what Pomponia had said to him at Acte's. 138 . hence he began at once to fear that religion and to hate it. would revenge but in general they were peaceful people.he would take Vinicius to those meetings. Then they would find Lygia certainly. But a species of undefined feeling rose in him that it was just that reverence for Christ. that they were enemies of the human race. Though his feeling for Lygia assumed at times the seeming of hatred. it enloined forgiveness of offences. which created the difference between himself and Lygia. As to revenge. that they poisoned wells or fountains. he felt a relief when he heard that the religion which she and Pomponia confessed was neither criminal nor repulsive. Certainly he would find among them even people who would hide away Glaucus for money. it would not be connected even with great danger. or ate the flesh of children. If Glaucus were once set aside. he had seen nothing of that sort.

though his cowardly nature trembled somewhat at bloody methods. But on the other hand. if they sniffed coin on his person. He had known Glaucus on a time. of property. and delivered him to murder. Measuring everything with his own measure. Vinicius terrified him still more. But he bore the memory of these events easily. to whose aid would come. and to this he was turning that thought of which he had made mention to Vinicius. for a certain time past Chilo had felt a repulsion for nakedness. for he had thrown the man aside dying. In view of this. he had betrayed him. too. in the house of prayer. would begin. Spending his nights in wine-shops most frequently. Chilo ceased to hesitate. but in a field near Minturna. When he saw him. This one thing he had not foreseen. it was really important to set aside Glaucus. but when they had received earnest money. and at the first moment wished to discontinue the search for Lygia. he could find persons easily to undertake any task. he judged that among them. that Glaucus would be cured of his wounds and come to Rome. He thought it better to have small enemies than great ones. There was considerable truth in what Chilo had narrated to Vinicius. for those disgusting and terrible figures lurking about suspected houses in the Subura or in the Trans—Tiber. among men without a roof. Petronius. would extort the whole sum by threatening to deliver him to justice. He understood that he must choose between the fear of Glaucus. and still more easily others who. he saw the need of killing Glaucus through the aid of other hands. beyond doubt. without faith or honor. At present the only question with him was the choice of people. and the pursuit and vengeance of a powerful patrician. another and still greater.Chapter 17 FOR Chio. deprived him of family. Besides. he was in truth terrified. though advanced in years. he 139 . therefore. and. he could find willing tools. who. sold him to robbers. Since they seemed more reliable than others. and not having fathomed sufficiently the Christians or their religion. not at an inn. and lodging in them. was by no means decrepit.

he considered that — thanks to the plan which he had invented — he would be able in every case to spare a large part of it. which would be in clear opposition. Chilo needed dexterous. he went in the evening to Euricius. Chilo assured them that that was true. perhaps not so much weighted by years as weakened by care and disease. to ward off danger threatening not only him. not for money's sake merely. He needed two or three strong and courageous men. As to the thousand sestertia. hired one of those little shops so numerous near the Circus Maximus. Quartus was sixteen years of age. The old man Euricius. But after a moment of thought he rejected it. he considered that they would pay him with gratitude. which might save him a thousand sestertia. One of those hired men is so strong that he 140 .resolved to turn to them and present the affair in such fashion that they would undertake it. and to talk with them of the affair only in such a way that. above all. He wished to find people who were ready for anything. after the redemption of his son. to spectators coming to the Circus. Both declared that they were ready themselves to do all that he asked of them. stalwart men. whom he knew as devoted with whole soul to his person. He was poor. and who. and when he had greeted him in Christ's name. Since he had rendered them a service. moreover. Euricius and his son Quartus listened to him as their benefactor almost on their knees. "I know the baker Demas. Naturally cautious. in which were sold olives. "in whose mills slaves and hired men are employed." said Quarrus. in fact. out of regard to themselves. In view of this. would do all in his power to assist him. but through devotion.'since he had given to Euricius almost all that he owned. but when he refused decisively they yielded. still he would pay such men for their services if they would trust him and perform faithfully what he commanded. it was true. Chilo found him at home arranging his shop. and. they would guard it as an eternal secret. Chilo did not even dream of revealing his real intentions. to the faith which the old man had in his piety and virtue. They insisted for some time. beans. he began to speak of the affair which had brought him. believing that a man so holy could not ask for deeds inconsistent with the teaching of Christ. and water sweetened with honey. Euricius was an old man. and. raising his eyes to heaven. but all Christians. he was thinking whether it would not be well to accept their proposal. unleavened paste. he seemed to be praying. he was sure.

" Chilo consented most willingly. up to the Mom Tesraceus and the Forum Pistorium. Were we to go flow to the mill. "If he is a scoundrel and a wise man. Chio. and going around the storehouse. since they left perfect freedom of movement. he will do what 1 want without money. which would shorten the road considerably. were used especially by laborers." cut in such fashion that the right arm and right breast were exposed. from which grain was distributed to the populace." Further meditation was interrupted by the return of Quartus. There they halted before a wooden building. "I am old. Yes. we should find them at supper. yes — Judas! I thank thee. hence not very far from the Circus Maximus. though our Christ was betrayed by one of his disciples. He has night as well as day laborers." answered Quartus. he will cost me something. they passed it. who can sacrifice himself for the brotherhood. but of four. "nearly all who work for Demas are Christians." said Chilo." said Chilo." said Chilo. "at times I suffer effacement of memory. and was in continual dread that some fate might bring him to meet Glaucus. "He is a Christian. the name of the traitor I cannot recall at this moment —" "Judas. It was possible. but Chio. who hanged himself. looking at the brightly shining moon. drew a 141 . who did not like to show himself to large numbers of people. "I am curious about that Hercules who serves in a mill. remained outside. when he saw the man coming. this man is of the night laborers. not of two. Such garments. when they went under the Colonnade. if a virtuous Christian and dull. lord." "If that is a God-fearing man. The Emporium was at the foot of the Aventine. I myself have seen him lift stones from the ground which four men could not stir. Demas lives near the Emporium. When they came to the Emporium. wondering a little in his soul how it was possible to forget that name.would take the place. wearing only a tunic called "exomis. make me acquainted with him. lord. "Oh. without going around the hill." said he to himself. Quartus went in. from the interior of which came' the noise of millstones. they turned toward the left. to pass along the river through the Porticus Aemilia. and thou mightest speak to him freely. to houses which stretched along the Via Ostiensis." answered Quartus. And they went on some time in silence. which was closed. who issued from the building with a second man.

" thought Chilo. a man unknown to him. for he had not seen in his life such an arm and such a breast. dull man who will kill Glaucus for nothing. "What is thy name. and then return in the name of God." inquired he then.' 'Then there is time sufficient. "Urban. "Here. father. "And thy brethren and sisters." "This is a holy man. lord. "is the brother whom it was thy wish to see. Let us go to the river. "This is a good-natured. which." "Urban." "May the peace of Christ be with thee!" answered Chio. there thou wilt hear my words. 142 . Chilo looked into the face of the laborer." "Then may peace be with thee!" "And with thee. for there is no need that thy gray-haired father should be left in loneliness. too." said Quartus. tell this brother whether I deserve faith and trust. — me. seemed to him kind and honest. bent down and kissed Chilo's hand. and those who taught thee truth and faith in Christ?" "I love them. "Do thou. father!" Again silence set in. the name Urban was given me. brother?" inquired the Greek. Quartus. "who gave all his property to redeem me from slavery." They went. and sat on the embankment. "At holy baptism.breath of satisfaction. and the river was plashing below the two men. hearing this. such as was usual on faces of barbarians living in Rome. my brother. father. hast thou time to talk with me freely?" "Our work begins at midnight. notwithstanding a somewhat severe and sad expression. but in the distance the millstones were roaring. "dost thou love Christ?" "I love him from the soul of my heart." said Quartus. and only now are they preparing our supper. in a silence broken only by the distant sound of the millstones and the plash of the onflowing river." said the laborer. May our Lord the Saviour prepare him a heavenly reward therefor!" The gigantic laborer.

" continued Chilo. and that Judas could not fall into his hands. it is permitted to forgive wrongs done ourselves. with a voice coming as if from beneath the earth. or some secret which he was confiding to the drowsy city. "But if he had not hanged himself. dost thou know who Judas was?" asked Chilo. as if not understanding what he had heard. And in his voice there was a kind of sorrow that the traitor had meted out punishment to himself. "and if some Christian were to meet him on land or on sea. so this man who lives among us intends to give Christ's sheep to the wolves. the simple soul in him was indignant. as malice breeds malice. the blood. and if no one will anticipate the treason. so from the poison of Judas another traitor has come. but who has the right to forgive a wrong done to God? But as a serpent engenders a serpent." asked the laborer at last. would it not be the duty of that Christian to take revenge for the torment. The death only moved him. "Urban. and with us will perish the honor of the Lamb. The laborer wept. again were heard only the roar of the millstones. destruction is waiting for us all. something touching as well as impressive. and treason breeds treason. and the sound of the river. but at thought of that rabble reviling the Lamb nailed to the cross. but as if recalling to himself that death. "what kind of traitor is that?" 143 . and when Chilo began to groan and complain that in the moment of the Saviour's passion there was no one to defend him. and the death of the Saviour?" "Who is there who would not take revenge. the deep song of the millers.Chilo looked with fixed gaze into the clear moonlight. servants of the true God! woe to you. There was in this. if no one will crush the head of the serpent in time. "Father. and as that one delivered to Jews and Roman soldiers the Saviour. "I know. restrained voice began to speak of Christ's death. the gigantic fists of the barbarian began to squeeze from pity and suppressed rage. But the Greek. if not from crucifixion. began to repeat. at least from the insults of Jews and soldiers. and a wild desire of vengeance seized the man. I know! — but he hanged himself!" exclaimed the laborer. He seemed not as speaking to Urban. father?" "Peace be with thee. Christian men and Christian women!" And again came silence." The laborer looked at Chilo with immense alarm. faithful servant of the Lamb! True. — "Woe to you. suddenly. covering his head with a corner of his mantle. too. and with a slow.

slay him at once in Christ's name!" "About Glaucus?" repeated the laborer. Behold! in a few days a command will be given to the pretorians to cast old men. Is it not known to thee that the Great Apostle will teach there?" "I have been two days from home. and children into prison. — declaring that they will not recognize Caesar as a god. who will destroy the serpent before Caesar hears him. a son of his poison. in Ostrianum. "Go among Christians.Chilo dropped his head. who will defend from destruction our brothers in the faith of Christ?" Urban. "go to the houses of prayer. All this has been done by that second Judas. I do not. — at night? Outside the city gates. murder children. and goes to houses of prayer only to complain of the brotherhood to Caesar. if no one took vengeance on him. stood up on a sudden. between the Vi~ Salaria and Nomentana. he looked for a while on the face of the laborer. and I do not know where Ostrianum is. for I came here not long since from Corinth. There are thousands of Christians in Rome. and when they show him to thee. he put his hand slowly on his head. who had been sitting thus far on a stone. But if no one punished the first Judas. that they poison fountains. But to-morrow. who will teach them. brethren and sisters will assemble in the night to the last soul. But it is as thou sayest. that is our cemetery. stretching his arm. so that one stone may not remain on another. who will punish this one. — there thou wilt find Glaucus among the brethren. "Dost thou know him?" "No. who will destroy him. and lead them to death. in Ostrianum?" "Yes. where I govern a Christian community. if rio one defended Christ in the hour of torment. and ask the brethren about Glaucus. then. and said." said he. father. hence I did not receive his epistle. and wish to destroy the city. and they are not all known to one another. and thou 144 . with solemnity.— "I will. a man who pretends to be a Christian. father." "In Ostrianum?" inquired Chilo. as if wishing to fix that name in his memory. "What kind of traitor? A son of Judas. "But that is outside the city gates! The brethren and all the sisters. because a great apostle of Christ has come. and the brethren will point out to me Glaucus." Chilo rose also. lighted up by the shining of the moon. women. just as they led to death the slaves of Pedanius Secundus.

If thou show this to the bishop after the death of Glaucus. a new sin. of his offence against the Lamb. But let Glaucus be condemned previously by the elders among the brethren. or by the Apostle. For this all thy sins will be forgiven." Saying this. my son. hence he will kill Glaucus. but the teaching of Christ forbids killing. even before the eyes of all the brethren and sisters. Christ preserve! for profit. and a sign for thee. But suppose Glaucus to perish innocently? How take on his conscience a new murder." On the laborer's face perplexity was evident. for even that is not permitted. 145 . Others sing when the millstones are grinding." The laborer stretched out his hand involuntarily for the coin. — and done well! He is permitted to pardon only offences against himself. he experienced a feeling of terror. And now peace be with thee —" "Father —" "I listen to thee. and perhaps two. "The traitor will hurry from Ostrianum straightway to Caesar in Antium. but had not permitted him to kill. if thou show it after the death of Glaucus. The bishop himself had given him brethren to assist. He had not killed them in his own defence. in Ostrianum to-morrow. hapless man. And now he was doing grievous penance. for God had punished him with too much strength. but he. is thinking of his sin. To kill is not a great thing. he had killed inadvertently. He had not killed them. I will give thee a sign. by the bishop." said Chio. servant of the Lamb. a new offence against the Lamb? "There is no time for a trial. Not long before he had killed a man. and began to search for a knife at his belt. but having the first murder too freshly in his memory just then. to kill a traitor is even as pleasant as to kill a bear or a wolf. having found it. How much has he prayed already and wept? How much has he implored the Lamb? And he feels that he has not done penance enough yet! But now he has promised again to kill a traitor. he scratched with the point on the sestertium the sign of the cross. the bishop and the Great Apostle will bless thy deed. "Here is the sentence of Glaucus. this coin he gave to the laborer. or hide in the house of a certain patrician whom he is serving. he took out a small coin.wilt slay him on the way home to the city. he will forgive thee the killing which thou hast done without wishing it.

All at once a happy thought flashed through his head. almost in fear."Father." said he. "Listen. and. "dost thou take this deed on thy conscience. besides. "I dwell in Corinth. a certain Petronius. he asked. or for that time to stop with what he had learned or surmised. "Nothing. turned him so that the light of the moon struck his face squarely. his innate caution prevailed. whose eyes blazed suddenly like the eyes of a wild beast. then. in an emphatic and solemn voice. and examined him with care. Urban. to find a certain maiden for him among the Christians. father. and hast thou thyself heard Glaucus betraying his brethren?" Chilo understood that he must give proofs." Here he stopped and looked with amazement at the laborer. — "But in holy baptism the name Urban was given thee?" "It was." The Greek was silent. At last. he has promised another informer of Caesar's. and here in Rome I instruct in the religion of Christ a certain serving maiden named Eunice. Vinicius. father. Urban!" 146 . He breathed deeply once and a second time. She serves as vestiplica in the house of a friend of Caesar. and his face took on an expression of mad rage and threat." "Then peace be with thee. It was evident that he was wavering in spirit whether to inquire further and bring everything out with clearness. mention names. however. placing his hand on the laborer's head again. to-morrow I will kill Glaucus. otherwise doubt might creep into the heart of the giant. After a while he took the arm of the laborer. In that house I have heard how Glaucus has undertaken to betray all the Christians. but I came from Kos. "What is the matter with thee?" asked Chio." said he with a voice almost of entreaty.

When thou seest Lygia thou wilt not restrain thyself. It is clear that Venus has disturbed thy mind. as well as the power to think of aught else except love. Lygia's slave. grew deaf and indifferent to all things. and thou wilt see how indifferent thy mind is to all except Lygia. "Run disguised through the city in the evening. even though ten like Ursus defended the maiden. Whatever excites hope and kills time is praiseworthy. and go out three together. and circles above her. but be not sparing of money on Croton. But when a lamb of their flock is in question they are no triflers. or to say that she perished through witchcraft. waiting only for night. By Pollux! find her quickly. as a falcon above chosen prey. I am sure. of pale isis. Poppaea mentions her at times yet. since Pomponia and Lygia belong to them. are surely not such scoundrels as most people imagine. if it be true that the divine Augusta is in a changed state again. as 'tis said. hire Croton. but Caesar's mind is stuffed with something else. as they have shown by carrying away Lygia. Read some time thy answer to my letter. or that of thee which fire has not turned into ashes will become an Egyptian sphinx. so as to gaze with stony eyes at the loved one. But for my friendship's sake do this one thing: Ursus. Of all counsels which I can give this is the best one. that will be safer and wiser. the memory of that child 147 . Be not plundered by Chio. Moreover. enamored.Chapter 18 PETRONIUS to VINICIUS: "Thy case is a bad one. and wilt try to bear her away on the spot. carissime. "Here they have ceased to speak of the infant Augusta. is a man of uncommon strength very likely. how it returns to her always. The Christians. how exclusively it is occupied with her. even honor Christian houses of prayer in thy philosopher's company. deprived thee of reason and memory. which. But how wilt thou and Chilonides do it? Croton would take care of himself.

and that no god is taking vengeance. and a fresh exhibition by the Imperial buffoon. And wilt thou believe it. By Castor! this news at least must have reached thee. and we expect thanks from the 148 . to rouse enthusiasm if the need came. and reproaches of conscience. sent kisses from his lips. he rouses us. No herd of monkeys from the environs of Carthage could howl as did this rabble. I was behind the scenes with Ahenobarbus. and looks to see if we are admiring him. that for him even the murder of his mother is a mere theme for verses. when he is convinced that the earth is under his feet as before. where at first memories of the mother attacked us. armed with clubs. but Nero bowed. 'What were the triumphs of Julius compared with this triumph of mine?' But the rabble was howling yet and applauding. Formerly he felt real reproaches only in so far as he was a coward. If thou art capable of any thought. or rather in Baile. and shed tears. and instead of saying to him. and a reason for buffoonish tragic scenes. We admire him apparently. he declaims Greek verses. Then he rushed in among us. echoes of our life must strike thy ear. now. assumes the posture of an actor playing the role of Orestes. banquets.will be blown away without trace. he was afraid really! He took my hand and put itto his heart. Go to sleep. who were waiting behind the scenes. and protect the great artist from the Furies. I tell thee that the smell of garlic came to the stage. instead of sitting in the first rows with the Augustians. which was beating with increased pulsation. But there was no need. and the posture of a bad actor too. thou buffoon! we bring ourselves also to the tone of tragedy. Still he saw that in every row of seats were pretorians. They drove in from the city and the surrounding towns all the Greek ruffians. and his forehead was covered with drops of sweat. gifts. I do not wonder that they applauded. he feigns them only to move people by his fate. like a drunken man. We went directly to Bai~. But dost thou know to what Ahenobarbus has gone already? To this. for such a sight had not been seen till that evening. crying. looks around. and at the moment when he had to appear he grew as pale as a parchment. lottery tickets. for surely Rome talks of naught else. his breath was short. that he has appeared in public at Naples. He springs up at night sometimes declaring that the Furies are hunting him. Meanwhile special couriers were hurried to Rome announcing the triumph. who filled the arena with such a vile odor of sweat and garlic that I thank the gods that. And every moment he repeated: 'See what the Greeks are! see what the Greeks are!' From that evening it has seemed to me that his hatred for Rome is increasing. knowing that it would applaud to itself favors. We have been in Naples for some days. pressed his hand to his heart.

to fix the balancing point of the world somewhere between Greece.Senate one of these days. thyrses. or even of a slave Eunice. And wilt thou believe that I. because the dignity of Caesar was disgraced. vine. that when a man is amdng the mad he grows mad himself. and applauding Hellas. and many a time it has the face of a monkey. but just after the audience had gone. after long ages. what is more. who have still sound judgment to the value of a sestertium. to be rosy with the dawn. reality turned into the delight of life only. even among the Greeks. there will be women in tiger skins harnessed to chariots. however. and those who listen to it. to wander in golden galleys under the shadow of purple sails along the Archipelago. even for this cause. silver with the moon. garlands. life itself is empty. and. I was there. Many. and I do this for the reason that. sunshine. under their evident protection. some time or other. a strange event happened here. finds a certain charm in mad pranks. — an empire of palm-trees. and great thanks. to sing. We want to forget Rome. let myself be borne away by these fantasies. and thence to Greece. shouts of 'Evoe!' music. poetry. that in his fabulous kingdom of poetry and the 149 . not to know what commonness is. to dream. on the Šntrary. if they are not possible. For Nero it is a great encouragement to make the journey to Ach~a. they are at least grandiose and uncommon? Such a fabulous empire would be a thing which. who have his song. that he had doubts as to what the Roman people might say. which might fail them in case of his prolonged absence. We wish to create a species of Oriental Imperium. flowers. to Beneventum to look at the cobbler magnificence which Vatinius will exhibit. As to me. a kind of triumphal advance of Bacchus among nymphs and bacchantes crowned with myrtle. A few days since he told me. and reality turned into a dream. and Baal in one person. Greece and the journey in a thousand ships. under the protection of the divine brothers of Helen. But Bronzebeard will not realize his plans. poetry. or when art beautifies it. however. would seem a dream to mankind. and fear touching the distribution of grain and touching the games. golden with the sun. I have noted one thing. All this is well. he. to live the life not of men but of gods. and honeysuckle. finds in it favor of the gods. but we cherish besides more daring projects. that they might revolt out of love for him. and did not see even one corpse taken from the ruins. "We are going. The theatre fell in on a sudden. see in this event the anger of the gods. Except when Venus takes the form of Lygia. Immediately after Nero's first exhibition. Asia. to command. Hence there are offerings in all the temples. and Egypt. Osiis. to be Apollo. and sense to the value of an as.

and that in him with the poses of a poet sits a wretched comedian. But meanwhile I have before me yet Beneventum of the cobblers and Olympian Greece. Lecanius and Licinus will enter on the consulate with teror. and a frivolous tyrant. a dull charioteer. Shouldst thou be near at the moment of my death. points out the road to every one. and engage Croton. so that I may offer for you both a pair of swans and a pair of doves in the round temple of Venus here. meanness. he opened his veins a few days since. send him to me wherever I may be. "Be well. Once I saw Lygia in a dream. and farewell!" 150 . let them have the color and the odor of roses! Be in good health.Orient no place is given to treason. let me know. which. I will break it. however. or if there be. I think that sooner or later it must end in opening my veins. which thou knowest and admirest. otherwise they will snatch Lygia from thee a second time. More than once. for he dares to be honest. Try to make that dream prophetic. but as a man without whose counsel and taste the expedition to Achaea might fail. I am still needed not only as elegantiae arbiter. Tigellinus is not able yet to frame a command for me to open my veins. It would be worth while to live to see such a spectacle. May there be no clouds on thy sky. unknown and unforeseen. When thou hast found Lygia. sitting on thy knee. Poor Torquatus Silanus is now a shade. When Chionides ceases to be needful. I will give it to thee. Meanwhile we are killing people whenever they displease us in any way. Old Thrasea will not escape death. and knowest thou what the question will be then with me? — that Bronzebeard should not get my goblet. Perhaps I shall make him a second Vatinius. as they trembled before that knight Dratevka. and consuls and senators may tremble before him yet. seeking thy kisses. and death. shouldst thou be at a distance. I have Fate too.

I did not act thus. the divine Lygia also is in Rome. as the son of Maia was kind to me. unannounced by any one. and a second news that she will be in Ostrianum to-night. and have spoken with him. Another." "Dost thou know where they are secreted?" "No. this very night perhaps.Chapter 19 BARELY had Vinicius finished reading when Chilo pushed quietly into his library. — after which all earthly affairs would have become indifferent to him. for the servants had the order to admit him at every hour of the day or night. wishing evidently to run to the place indicated. lord. and would have received either a stroke of the fist. — or he would have roused the suspicion of the giant and caused this. through boastfulness. almost certainly —" "In Ostrianum? Where is that?" interrupted Vinicius. at last. "May the divine mother of thy magnanimous ancestor Aeneas be full of favor to thee. springing from the table at which he was sitting. 151 . lord." "What dost thou mean?" asked Vinicius. and discover their hiding place. It suffices me to know that Ursus works near the Emporium. now any trusted slave of rhine may go in the morning on his track. would have let the Lygian know that he divined who he was. Chilo raised his head and said. the same name as that borne by thy freedman. "I have seen Ursus. another would have tried to extort from him the knowledge of where he lived. since Ursus is here. "Hast thou seen her?" asked he. — that a new hiding-place would be found for the girl. for a miller named Demas. I bring thee merely the assurance that. "Eureka!" The young patrician was so excited that for a long time he could not utter a word.

by thy people.e duodecim. Pomponia alone perhaps of women will not be there. of whom I spoke to thee. and whom they call Apostle. she could not explain to Aulus. who had lived hitherto in a fever. thou wilt make him confess where he has hidden Lygia. for. a worshipper of the ancient gods. has come.— "Thou wilt not deceive thyself as to my liberality. the people hate them. as always in my life — I shall be honest. and upheld as it were. I know that thou wouldst repay me doubly. but in spite of that. but to act. and resolved to make use of it. and whom they expected somewhat later. too. by hope alone. The Tiber. it is true. "The gates are watched. lord. to the last soul. another would have told thee that he had lost a thousand sestertia to him in script. but first thou wilt go with me to Ostrianum. though there are no edicts to prohibit it as yet. and to-night he will teach and baptize in that cemetery. as the magnanimous Petronius says. that thy bounty exceeds all my hopes and expectations. and I know that they have. But Lygia. and. But they do not need gates. who is under the care of Ursus and the Christian elders." Vinicius."An old hypogeum between the Viae Salaria and Nomentana. who was a soldier and accustomed not only to take counsel of himself in all cases. would be in Ostrianum to-night. or thou wilt command thy people to seize him as a murderer. will go undoubtedly with other women. Since among them women hear instruction as well as men. it is worth while to walk one road more to see the 'Great Apostle. having him in thy hand. I have done my best! Another would have told thee that he had drunk ten cantars of the best wine with Ursus before he wormed the secret out of him. Ursus will be there. Dost hear. for he has promised to kill Glaucus. He told me himself that he would be there. and even should she not be there. her absence from home at night. which I will not admit. They hide their religion. or that he had bought the intelligence for two thousand. for I think. was overcome by a momentary weakness and said. now that his hope seemed fulfilled felt all at once the weakness that a man feels after a journey which has proved beyond his strength. Chilo noticed this. for every one wishes to see and hear him who was the foremost disciple of Christ. That pontifex maximus of the Christians." 152 . Ursus himself told me that all. In Ostrianum thou wilt find Lygia. noble tribune? Either thou wilt follow Ursus and learn where Lygia dwells. and though it is far from the river to those roads. so they must be careful. does not need them. and that he would kill him. once in my life — I mean.' Moreover they may have a thousand ways of going beyond the walls." Vinicius. and the Christians must know that.

I say." said he. lord. who had not the least wish to go there. should convince himself straight-way that he had torn him not altogether justly? Would he not look on me (of course without reason) as the cause of the accomplished murder? Remember. show me to-day only a part of thy liberality. and when night falls thou wilt go with me to Ostrianuin." said he. At thought of this. to Ostrianum?" inquired Chio. "then thou mayest rest. that the greater philosopher a man is. He wished to summon his slaves and command them to deck the house with garlands. lord. lord (which may all the gods ward from thee). Thou wilt not leave this house till evening. what should I answer him were he to ask me why I calumniated Glaucus? But if thou suspect that I deceive thee. promised thee to point out Lygia." Vinicius interrupted him impatiently. when he felt clearly sure of finding Lygia." Vinicius went to a casket called "area. when he had torn Glaucus to pieces. these 'scruples'" (here he shook the purse) "have outweighed mine. pay me only when I point out the house in which Lygia lives. "Thou wilt receive food here. and. "when Lygia shall be in my house. Thy heart could not endure that. lord! Receive these my words as of good omen. threw it to Chilo. and he had the same impression as if she were returning after a long journey. and said. his anger against her. In return for that delight he forgave her every fault."I. From them it seemed clear that either Lygia's hiding-place would be discovered that night. In that hour he had 153 . or he would be able to seize her on the road back from Ostrianum. but I did not promise to take her away for thee. taking out a purse. Now. thou wilt get the same full of aurei. — "Who can oppose thee. not to mention thy society." Fear and hesitation were reflected on the Greek's face for a time. the more difficult it is for him to answer the foolish questions of common people. He thought of her only as dear and desired. Think. "There are scrupula. and asked for details of his conversation with Ursus." standing on a marble pedestal. succumb to some accident. "I. I shall not be entirely without recompense. Vinicius was borne away by wild delight. what would happen to me if that Lygian bear. but afterward he grew calm. so that if thou. just as our great hero received words like them in the temple of Ammon. But Vinicius frowned." "Thou art Jove!" exclaimed Chio. As to me. noble tribune. and his feeling of offence almost vanished. which for me is delight and happiness.

was set at rest notably when he heard the name of the famous athlete. According to him. and to observe the greatest caution. They ought to go there with hoods on their heads. emboldened by the young tribune's delight. and scatter in the darkness. Since she was a hostage and belonged specially to Caesar. as it were. he had felt hitherto a certain repulsion. and the result would be the same. with their faces hidden. who knew every one in Rome. But Vinicius and he should arm. Chio. 154 . after a time.not a complaint against Ursus. and restrict themselves to looking at all who were present from some dark corner. they might do that without fear of law. for whom. — that might draw attention to them easily. He felt also within himself energy without bounds. He began again to feel youth and the pleasure of life. wakes in spring. without which all their work might end in nothing. it behooved Vinicius not to look on the affair as won. He understood this now for the first time. His desires woke in him. his eyes and his face became bright. and was convinced that should he but see Lygia with his own eyes. His house grew radiant. he was called by the chief of the atrium. seemed to him for the first time an amusing and also an uncommon person. surround it next morning at daybreak. nor could Caesar himself. warmed by the sun. commanded his slaves to bring Croton. as the earth. it would be safest to follow her at a distance. In the event of not finding her in Ostrianum they could follow Ursus. and he declared that he would go to Ostrianum. when he hoped to possess her. take a couple of strong. still better. in spite of his services. regained power of speech and began to give advice. The purse filled with great aurei seemed to him much easier of acquisition through the aid of Croton. He implored Vinicius not to carry off Lygia from Ostrianum. see what house she entered. Hence he sat down in good spirits at the table to which. then the Christians need only put out the lights. and more joyous and tender. as they did when she was intercepted. When they saw Lygia. and. recalling Petronius's counsel. even. and. To go to the cemetery with a crowd of attendants was impracticable. and take her away in open daylight. Vinicius saw the perfect truth of what he said. but his desires this time were less blind and wild. trusty men to defend them in case of need. Chio. His former gloomy suffering had not given him yet a sufficient measure of how he loved Lygia. whose superhuman strength in the arena he had wondered at more than once. or betake themselves to places known to them only. all the Christians on earth could not take her from him. He was ready to forgive all people everything. Chilo.

one of whom was so strong that he was the idol of Rome. He fell then to recalling his conversation with the laborer. "they will not dare to raise a hand on him. The Christians had immense confidence in him — why. he told the slaves that he had obtained for their master a miraculous ointment. the other a patrician." said he to himself. A certain Christian had taught him how to prepare that ointment. any one easily understands who knows what a fish means. I described Glaucus as a real son of Judas. a man of high dignity in the army. and those who had brought Lygia from Caesar's palace. for it will show how difficult it is for Christians to murder. But when the hope failed him. and would have promised to fall on the head of Glaucus. and declaring that he would endeavor to buy him of Vinicius. but Chio knew that frequently Christians took new names at baptism. He hesitated." said Chilo to himself. The change of name was all that could provoke doubt. the laborer had mentioned also his penance for killing a man. Then the confusion and rage of the laborer at mention of Vinicius and Lygia left him no doubt that those persons concerned him particularly. and the recollection of that filled him again with delight. He comforted himself.While eating. if rubbed on the hoofs with it. "Should Ursus kill Glaucus. and in the company of two men. spoke of his penance and compunction. and a traitor to all Christians. in darkness. for the Christian elders were far more skilled in enchantment and miracles than even the Thessalians. in the hope of discovering a Christian among them and informing Vinicius. he fell to eating and drinking uncommon quantities. "Even should they discover Vinicius. He knew of the uncommon strength of the man. but should he not kill him. "that will be better still. was unwilling. there was nothing remarkable in this. Offences against one's 155 . as to me. would leave every other far behind. When he inquired of Euricius touching men of exceptional strength. He had not the least doubt that that laborer was Ursus. His joyfulness was dimmed only by the thought that at night he must go to Ostrianum. however. Still I hardly moved that Lygian bear to put his paw on him. finally. that they pointed out Ursus. I was so eloquent that a stone would have been moved. they will be wise if they see the tip of my nose even. — Ursus had killed Atacinus. The worst horse. Evidently murder is not common among them. though Thessaly was renowned for its witches. not sparing praises on the cook. While speaking he looked sharply at the eyes of the slaves. as he would go in disguise. that will be a good sign. from the narratives of Vinicius. the appearance of the laborer answered perfectly to the account which Vinicius had given of the Lygian.

that is evidently a method by which. and then all will cease to bring thee offerings. What good is it for them. lord. and not foresee that thou wilt get nothing! I will offer thee my gratitude. whither the noble Vatinius has summoned me to make a trial. Have a care. as a philosopher. The Christians talk. This is a religion for the rich. put his mantle under his head. It teaches. — only at the coming of Croton. If Ursus will not kill Glaucus for such a great crime as the betrayal of all Christians. also. and there is not much freedom in taking revenge for others. when I have once pointed out to this ardent wood-pigeon the nest of that turtle-dove. in presence of Caesar. "that thou hast sent to-day for me. Meanwhile praise to thee. and why do they let virtue tie their hands? I must think over this sometime. since it does not permit killing. Moreover." Speaking thus to himself and to Hermes. and transfer myself to Naples. if a man has an affair with them. But if thou hast done so for the two white yearling heifers with gilded horns. then. What good people these Christians are. thou art the third beast thyself. but if it does not permit killing. hence I do not understand how there are so many poor among its adherents. and began to examine with pleasure the form of the trainer. For a rich man can permit himL self everything. but to live honestly also. and was sleeping when the slave removed the dishes. perhaps I shall be a Christian as long as may be convenient. Hermes! for helping me discover this badger. — or rather they roused him. as the Stoics teach. like this.self must be forgiven. and slaves in such numbers as Vinicius. it certainly does not permit stealing." said he. what can threaten thee? Glaucus is not free to avenge himself on thee. of a kind of washing of the hands. he stretched on the sofa. "By Hercules! it is well. or false testimony. he may finish it decisively. not a god. since I shall start to-morrow for Beneventum. It is safer to be on good terms with philosophers. Chio. who seemed to fill the whole place with his immensity. lest I. hence I will not say that it is easy. evidently. and if thou prefer two beasts to it. and how ill men speak of them! O God! such is the justice of this world. not only to die honestly. too. so much the more will he not kill thee for the small offence of betraying one Christian. an ex-gladiator. Be ashamed. of a 156 . Croton had stipulated as to the price of the trip. prove to men that thou art non-existent. if ever I have property and a house. and in the best event thou shouldst be a shepherd. I know thee not. O slayer of Argos! such a wise god as thou. He woke. and was just speaking to Vinicius. even virtue. Ergo. He went to the atrium. I will wash my hands of everything. deceit. But I love that religion. stop! think.

he began to walk with quick step. the most powerful negro that Africa has ever produced. I go this evening with him and Croton to Ostrianum. I will let myself be beaten with clubs in this impluvium. "They will hurl stones at us. "I have not seen him." "Do not permit that. "Yes." "I have five hundred slaves in the city. and bring the maiden to thy dwelling though all the Christians in Rome were pursuing me like Calabrian wolves. But rub thy limbs with olive oil to-day. who had not imagined that Ursus was so strong. he was tormented with fever. from contempt. lord. I am sure that thou wilt do that. and what could his strength effect? Is it not better to take the girl from the house. that to-morrow I go to Beneventum. I do thy will! But remember. "That is true." Laying aside the reed then. and gird thyself." said Yinicius. Dost thou imagine. But Croton laughed.certain Syphax." Chilo spoke thus only to rouse Croton's ambition. for besides delight." answered Vinicius. but they tell me that he can take a bull by the horns and drag him wherever he pleases. If not. you mayst meet a real Cacus. "to bear away with this hand whomever thou shalt point out to me. "And thou wilt act excellently. O carissime! for joy will not let me write further. — "The Lygian has been found by Chio. went to the library himself. and with this other defend myself against seven such Lygians. and sitting down wrote the following words to Petronius. which was overflowing his soul. to break his jaw. He gave them a sign to withdraw. lord. and a deed which befits thee. — not expose thyself or her to destruction?" "This is true. or how besides I shall break his black jaw with my fist?" "By Pollux! Croton. "I undertake. but felt that if she would love him 157 ." "Oi!" exclaimed Chilo. The man who is guarding that girl in whom the worthy Vinicius takes interest. lord. besides! That's a good idea." added Chio. for know this. Be well. Croton." answered Vinicius. worthy lord. May the gods pour down on thee everything favorable." said he. and shall carry her off from the house to-night or to-morrow. "I receive thy money. He said to himself that to-morrow Lygia would be in that house. my Hercules." cried Chilo. how his spinal column will crack in my arms. He did not know how to act with her. has exceptional strength very likely." said Vinicius.

"Here are the signs. and he would repeat to me the choicest parts of his sermon. but I will go well hooded. and a question of certain ceremonies which Christian teaching evidently commanded. squirmed. Have not the Christians signs. who always parted with money unwillingly. lord. and receive the needful signs. lord. He recalled Acte's assurance that he had been loved." "How! Thou wilt not be there? Thou must go!" said Vinicius.' without which no one will be admitted to Ostrianum? I know that it is so in houses of prayer. for darkness had come on the world. and took lanterns. I told Euricius that I needed the signs only for my friends. Lygia. then. I have inquired carefully about the road. that. and that moved him to the uttermost. she would have to say to herself. hence he returned considerably before evening. curved knives." Chilo." said the Greek. besides. since it was too far for my advanced age. that I would not go myself." In fact they began soon to prepare. They put on Gallic cloaks with hoods. Without them they would not admit us. which he obtained on the way from the old man's shop. gladly. and I have received those passwords from Euricius. I should see the Great Apostle myself to-morrow. "Lord. "this is what has come to my head. or we may frighten the birds. "thou speakest as a man of forethought. Chilo put on a wig. But if that were true. and I advise thee to go in like manner. Vinicius.he would be her servant. or whithersoever it may please thee. "I know that I must. "It has happened!" and then she would be amiable and loving. hurrying so as to reach the distant Nomentan Gate before it was closed. permit me then to go to him. 158 . would yield to persuasion of superior force. to Euricius. still he obeyed the command and went out. Thou wit go. moreover. near which was the little shop of Euricius. noble sage. But Chilo appeared and interrupted the course of these pleasant thoughts. it was not very far. and they went out. to ask precisely." answered Vinicius. armed himself and his companions with short. 'passwords. when once in his house." "Well. but as security thou wilt leave on this table here that purse which thou hast received from me. and for that praise belongs to thee. From the Carin~ to the Circus. Hence it would be merely a question of conquering a certain maiden modesty.

as. turning to the left. Some of them sang songs in low voices. and in front. who walked with canes. they found themselves among hills full of sand-pits. as the young patrician and his attendants pushed forward. and through places more and more deserted they reached the Via Nomentana. at times. — covering them. took those night wanderers. as Chilo foresaw. At moments a separate word or a phrase of the song struck his ear. But Vinicius turned slight attention to the words. on the right. on the left. who at times celebrated ceremonies of their own in the night-time. Some of these people carried lanterns. and villagers leaving the city. Meanwhile it had grown dark completely. for instance. dark forms were evident. thou that sleepest. The highway police. there. the name of Christ was repeated by men and women. it would have been rather difficult for them to find the road were it not that the Christians themselves indicated it. others. by their movements. and his heart began to beat with more life. passing near. knowing the road better. wrapped carefully in long mantles. near the plain on which Diocletian afterward built splendid baths. "Awake. for laborers.. and here and there they found graveyards. and the number of persons grew greater. towards the Via Salaria. however. as far as possible with mantles. younger men from old ones. Forms or movements like hers deceived him in 159 . They passed the remains of the wall of Servius Tullius. however. or grave-diggers. and from women. In proportion. going to sandpits. along the Viminal to the former Visninal gate. evidently. for it seemed to him that he heard Lygia's voice. for it came to his head that one of those dark forms might be Lygia. went in the dark. The trained military eye of Vinicius distinguished. "Peace be with thee!" or "Glory be to Christ!" but disquiet seized him. making their way carefully toward sandy hollows. and since the moon had not risen yet. more and more lanterns gleamed. said. again." or "Rise from the dead". Some.Chapter 20 THEY went through the Vicus Patricius. In fact. which to Vinicius seemed filled with sad— ness.

almost. — "They come together like murderers. Every moment they came to some narrow passage. unless that Lygian has deceived me shamefully. They must not recognize me. The Christians. accuse them of crimes and hate them. I borrowed a wig from a barber. before the present Caesar's time. or the flame of a torch. Why do they assemble here. when in the Trans-Tiber there are temples to which the Jews take their offerings in daylight?" "The Jews. and of strengthening his courage. but could not fix places in the darkness. still they are not permitted to murder. and from the populace. — "I know not. and those ghostlike forms made a deep impression. are their bitterest enemies. Vinicius turned to Chilo. I have heard that. I esteem and love them. but if they do. replied in a voice somewhat uncertain. The way seemed long to him." Vinicius. which he did not remember as being in the vicinity of the city. he added. whose fear increased as he receded from the gates. Something from afar began at last to glimmer like a ftre. Finally the edge of the moon appeared from behind a mass of clouds." retorted Vinicius." They walked on some time in silence. it came to war. I have never been in Ostrianum. hide themselves from Jews. or piece of wall. however. and only when he had corrected mistakes made repeatedly did he begin to distrust his own eyes. they will not kill me. — "When returning from the shop of Euricius." After a while. 160 . and lighted the place better than dim lanterns.the darkness every moment. on whom night. "Is that Ostrianum?" asked he. distance from the city. between Jews and Christians. They are not malignant! They are even very honest. lord. hence he said. but the Christians are a Jewish sect. who was thinking of Lygia. was astonished also by the caution and mysteriousness with which her co-religionists assembled to hear their highest priest. said. Those outbreaks forced Claudius Caesar to expell all the Jews. and have put two beans in my nostrils. who." "Do not win them to thyself by premature praises. He knew the neighborhood exactly. But they might praise God in some spot nearer the city. this has its adherents in the midst of us. feeling the need of conversation. lord. or booths. but at present that edict is abolished. — "Like all religions. till Chio. Chio. as is known to thee.

With the exception of a few uncovered heads. and in the centre was the entrance to the hypogeum itself. Vinicius had never heard such a hymn before. and the young patrician thought with alarm that. The same yearning which had struck him in the hymns murmured by separate persons on the way to the cemetery.They went now into a narrow depression. — so impressive that Vinicius and his companions looked unwittingly toward the stars. he had become acquainted with 161 . or crypt. from fear of treason or the cold. a certain humble prayer for rescue in wandering and darkness. as it were. As far as the eye could reach. and then louder. in Egypt. and at last it became as penetrating and immense as if together with the people. and in Rome itself. at first in a low voice. When the hymn ceased. he would not be able to recognize Lygia in that crowd and in the dim light. and outstretched hands seemed to implore him to descend. also. Eyes turned upward seemed to see some one far above. But all at once. Vinicius's heart began to beat now with more vigor. had begun to yearn. Vinicius had seen a multitude of temples of most various structure in Asia Minor. lantern gleamed near lantern. After a while the crowd began to sing a certain strange hymn. the hills. near the crypt. and at the end of the depression they saw a wall. hence Vinicius divined without difficulty that the ceremony would take place outside. there on high. In the lower part of the crypt. that there was in it a certain calling in the night. the whole cemetery. closed. That was Ostrianum. the pits. by two ditches on the side. Here and there were separate monuments. but many of those who came had no light whatever. was heard now in that. There was more light. there followed a moment as it were of suspense. some pitch torches were ignited and put into a little pile. and the region about. beneath the earth. In a moment Vinicius and his attendants were in a rather spacious place enclosed on all sides by a wall. which looked silvery in the moonlight. should they remain thus. covered thickly with ivy. At the gate two quarryrnen took the signs from thtm. and that some one would really descend to them. The moon came out from behind clouds. over which an aqueduct was thrown in one place. all were hooded. in the space where a very numerous throng was soon gathered. as if in dread that something uncommon would happen. but with far more distinctness and power. before the entrance a fountain was playing. It might seem. were graves. But it was evident that no very large number of persons could find room in the hypogeum.

The old man had no mitre on his head. in a word. not wishing to betray themselves. he could not avoid seeing those uncommon and wonderful things which were happening around him. simple. in any land. The young man could not seize his impressions immediately. Vinicius had not seen the like. There followed a silence so deep that one heard every charred particle that dropped from the torches. during any ceremony. but it had not even entered any one's head to love those divinities. and with the sign of the cross blessed those present. aged. no palm in his hand. or Greek — or by Roman flamens. and his attention with seeking her in the crowd. but as it were a witness. and. with the genuine yearning which children might feel for a father or a mother. he bore no insignia of the kind worn by priests — Oriental. Though his mind was occupied with Lygia. and had heard many hymns. most varied in character. and the sound of wind through the few pines which grew close to the cemetery. no garland of oak-leaves on his temples. who fell on their knees simultaneously. That moment an old man. for that "fisherman. Meanwhile a few more torches were thrown on the fire. and immensely venerable. — "This is he! The foremost disciple of Christ—a fisherman!" The old man raised his hand. who had journeyed from afar to relate a truth which he had seen. The crowd swayed before him. the uncommonness flowed just from the simplicity. for the first time.a multitude of religions. but here. Chilo bent toward Vinicius and whispered. seemed to him. what was more. so far. near Vinicius whispered. Egyptian. issued from the hypogeum. "Peter! Peter!" Some knelt. others extended their hands toward him. And Vinicius was struck by that same difference again which he felt when listening to the Christian hymns. This man mounted a stone which lay near the fire. but calling from the bottom of the heart. for it seemed to him that the form which he saw there before him was both simple and uncommon. — not to carry out a fixed ritual. Vinicius and his attendants. in any sanctuary. he saw people calling on a divinity with hymns. the distant rattle of wheels on the Via Nomentana. followed the example of others. for in Rome and in Greece those who still rendered honor to the gods did so to gain aid for themselves or through fear. wearing a hooded mantle but with a bare head. he wore no white robe embroidered with stars. One had to be blind not to see that those people not merely honored their God. 162 . no golden tablet on his breast. not like some high priest skilled in ceremonial. but loved him with the whole soul." too. which filled the cemetery with ruddy light and darkened the gleam of the lanterns.

Meanwhile Peter began to speak. and even to pagans. to a certain feverish curiosity to know what would flow from the lips of that companion of the mysterious "Christus. deceit. and calumny. every one has heard it. to obey the government and those placed above them. And Vinicius. mouse-eaten grain. but people do not wish to eat it because it smells of age. to give an example in their own society to each other. and if she took them to heart. therefore. to love poverty. was touched and angered by certain of those counsels. but to rouse Lygia against him and confirm her in opposition. He was astonished only by the mute attention with which the crowd listened. — told them to be kind. just. to guard against treason. who did not wish to yield to the charm of the old man. purity of life. she must think of him as an enemy of that teaching and an outcast. patience in adversity.— and all that is like stale. for he expected the discovery of unknown. Vinicius. and evil everything which stood as a barrier between them. Socrates enjoined virtue as an old thing and a good one. and truth. magic secrets of some kind. peaceful. which he believed as he believed in existence. he had a feeling of disappointment. enjoins truth. and thought that at least he would hear a rhetor astonishing by his eloquence. He enjoined on them to renounce excess and luxury. "Is this the new religion? Every one knows this. and pure. poor. the first Stoic one meets. not that they might have 163 . not only to condemn his love." And besides anger. to endure wrongs and persecutions patiently. however. who has five hundred tables of lemon-wood. There was in his face. and he had come to love this truth precisely because he believed it. meanwhile he heard only words which were immensely simple.which he had touched. But the old man spoke on to those people sunk in listening. yielded. It seemed to him that by enjoining purity and a struggle with desires the old man dared. who had been a sceptic. devoid of every ornament. Anger seized him at this thought. even such a one as Seneca. such a power of convincing as truth itself has. for whom good was only that which could bring back to him Lygia. The Cynics enjoined poverty and a restriction of necessities. endurance in misfortune." and what that teaching was of which Lygia and Pomponia Gzecina were followers. He understood that if she were in the assembly listening to those words. and he spoke from the beginning like a father instructing his children and teaching them how to live. praises moderation. "What have I heard that is new?" thought he. finally.

while he promised immortality. Saturn. since by love alone is it possible to expel from them evil. in such joy and such glory. according to the belief of Christians. Chilo at these words thought to himself that his work had gone for nothing. it is not enough either to love those who do good to us. could not but notice that still there was a difference between the teaching of the old man and that of the Cynics. that never in the world would Ursus dare to kill Glaucus. Vesta. and other philosophers. in such health and delight. that neither would Glaucus kill him. God was one and almighty. he heard now again that He is all good and all just. But it is not enough to love men of one's own nation. But the greatest astonishment seized him when the old man declared that God was universal love also. and by that same becomes a cherished child of His. but a magnificent life. it is not enough to love the good. for Christ forgave the Jews who delivered him to death. He spoke meanwhile of it as of a thing perfectly certain. in wretchednes. since the highest eternal good and the virtue existing before ages is God. namely. he thought involuntarily that. But he comforted himself at once by another inference from the teaching of the old man. therefore. virtue acquired a value simply measureless. 164 . in view of such a faith. and found among pagans such elect of his as Cornelius the Centurion. and Venus would seem like some vain and noisy rabble. we must love the wicked also. And here Vinicius. in which all were interfering at once. for they enjoin good and virtue as reasonable. from words spoken by Pomponia Graecina to Petronius. and the Roman soldiers who nailed him to the cross. Vinicius did not understand this well. and the only thing practical in life. Jupiter. Apollo. that. for the God-man shed his blood for all. and the misfortunes of this life became incomparably trivial. in presence of such a demiurge. Juno. and return them good for evil. and each on his or her own account. and that not some kind of hapless immortality beneath the earth. But the old man said further that virtue and truth should be loved for themselves. hence. and want. emptiness. hence he who loves man fulfils God's supreme command. but that they might live eternally with Christ after death. To suffer temporally for inexhaustible happiness is a thing absolutely different from suffering because such is the order of nature. we should not only forgive but love those who injure us. as no one on earth had attained at any time.peace during life. either that night or any other night. equal to that of the gods almost. though predisposed unfavorably. though he should discover and recognize him. whoso therefore loves them loves God. Stoics. but he knew previously. when.

but also of a place mysterious and awful. certain clouds. but he felt that he was parting as if from a field full of spikenard. forget all things else ever after. in which. for that was not so much an express understanding as a dim feeling of irreparable loss and misfortune. For him all was an unheard-of medley of ideas. as the eyes are blinded from lightning flashes which follow each other unceasingly. truth.Vinicius did not think now that there was nothing new in the words of the old man. As is usual with people for whom life has been turned into one single passion. Vinicius felt that though now he had found her he would not get her. Expanses of some kind. he would have to place on a burning pile all his thoughts. that if Lygia was in the cemetery. and what kind of people are these?" All that he had just heard could not find place in his head simply. — certain immensities. Vinicius thought of all this through the medium of his love for Lygia. and his thoughts were dazed from the brightness. Egyptians. He thought that because of its madness it was impracticable. if she confessed that religion. He felt that if he wished. and character. and to love them. and in the light of those flashes he saw one thing distinctly. obeyed and felt it. love. then. which from the first moment of his speech. habits. seemed madness. surrounded him. something was in progress of birth the like of which had not been in the world so far. for example. but that reality in presence of it was so paltry that it deserved not the time for thought. to return them good for evil. as on a mystic bed. his whole nature up to that moment. He brought before his mind all that. There rose in him an 165 . the old man had said touching life. to forgive enemies. That cemetery began to produce on him the impression of a meeting-place for madmen. To him the science or the religion which commanded a Roman to love Parthians. since he had made her acquaintance at Aulus's. and yearn for it only. For the first time. she never could and never would be his mistress. as in the land of the lotus-eaters. to follow that teaching. when a man has once breathed of this he must. and he could not explain it to himself then. God. At the same time he had a feeling that in that madness itself there was something mightier than all philosophies so far. and Britons. and an entirely new soul. Gauls. what kind of religion is this. Greeks. burn them into ashes. It seemed to him that there was nothing real in that religion. a kind of intoxicating incense. but because of its impracticability it was divine. Nothing similar had come to his head so far. Syrians. and then fill himself with a life altogether different. In his soul he rejected it. of which hitherto he had not had a suspicion. but with amazement he asked himself: "What kind of God is this.

and against the old man in particular. now filled him with fear almost. The remembrance of those terrible moments pressed even then from the eyes of the old man two tears. and began again to lament. in sorrow. The quarrymen again. how grievous. because they thought that the priests had borne away Christ. added torches to the fire. the person now speaking to them. which were twinkling in a clear sky. Fear fell on them then. the wind ceased to sound in the pines. Having mentioned the death of Christ. in alarm. and seemed some mysterious power deciding his fate inexorably and therefore tragically. and now separately and in turn. arrived first. unobserved. being younger. hence they did not understand why the Father had deserted the Son. The spirit died within them. That man had seen! and he narrated as one in whose memory every moment had been fixed in such a way that were he to close his eyes he would see yet. in suffering. "Ihey have taken away the Lord!" When they heard this. and thinking that He had died. which was turned soon into a storm of anger against the Christians in general. That fisherman. now in company. rushed in with the cry. panting.alarm. and it was now the third day since his death. with a slender point toward the stars. so grievous was the burden. neither sleeping nor eating. therefore. but to die. and a silence set in which was deeper than the preceding one. But barely had the sun risen when Mary of Magdala. so that the Lord of Hosts might hear them more easily. holding their heads in their hands. the old man talked now of Him only. the flame rose evenly. he and J olin sprang up and ran toward the sepulchre. Oh. so that it was possible almost to hear the beating of hearts. Only when there were three at the entrance did he. how on their return from the Cross he and John had sat two days and nights in the supper-chamber. How desire for sleep tortured them (for they had spent the night before the Passion without sleep)! They roused themselves then. and find on the stone a shirt with a winding sheet. and both returned home in greater grief still. But John. without hope or comfort. but he and John were sitting in the chamber. enter. for they had hoped that the Master would redeem Israel. but the body he found not. which were visible by the light of the 166 . whom at the first cast of the eye he considered a peasant. how grievous that was! The third day had dawned and the light whitened the walls. and they preferred not to look at the daylight. in doubt. and dared not enter. her hair dishevelled. he saw the place empty. All held the breath in their breasts. He told. Other disciples came later and raised a lament.

and it was known to them that joy succeeded sorrow. His hairless and aged head was shaking. for He was among us.fire. He said. And we heard those words. 'Peace be with you!' "And I saw Him. saw the grave empty. did not believe her. though the doors had made no sound. as did all. out of fear of the Jews. Sorrow seized by the throat the simple-hearted listeners also. who had come with another from Emmaus. blessed are they who have not seen and have believed!' said the Lord. He could not believe what the old man said. of judgment. and the voice died in his breast. He stood in the presence of two impossibilities. and vanished. He commanded her to go to the disciples. to admit that 167 . but since an apostle who had seen it told this. for the wish to hear more gained the mastery. But they calmed themselves gradually. some upbraided her. and when she wept for joy. and like the happiness of our hearts." Vinicius listened. the disciples. that she had seen angels at the grave. for she said. crying that she had seen the Lord. Meanwhile He stood among them. 'Mary!' She cried 'Rabboni!' and fell at his feet. They had heard more than once of Christ's sufferings." said Vinicius in his soul. 'My Lord and my God!' 'Because thou hast seen me thou hast believed. — "When the disciples had lamented in this way. He forgot for a moment where he was. "That man is speaking the truth and is weeping over it. but they. but His glory will not pass. and our eyes looked at Him. and sobbed or beat their breasts. they wrung their hands under the impression. The old man closed his eyes. and continued. Unable to recognize him. Thomas fell at His feet then. But they. and that the seas will dry and the mountains turn to dust. "After eight days Thomas Didymus put his finger in the Lord's wounds and touched His side. she thought him the gardener: but He said. running thither a second time. and He was like light. he began to lose the feeling of reality. of incasure. and they returned quickly. and he felt that it would be necessary either to be blind or renounce one's own reason. too. and cried. as if to see distant things more distinctly in his soul. Mary of Magdala rushed in a second time. coursing down his gray beard. and something wonderful took place in him. some thought that sorrow had disturbed her mind. Later in the evening appeared Cleopas. for we believed that He had risen from the dead. saying: 'The Lord has indeed risen!' And they discussed with closed doors. and when they feared.

In the faces of those present were evident enthusiasm beyond bounds. At moments he rested. at a distance the torches were blazing. happiness. — "Lord. in his tears. and the world. At that moment Chilo pulled the corner of Vinicius's mantle and whispered. 168 . Rome did not exist for those people. To Vinicius it seemed at moments that he was dreaming. Those who listened to him were seized by ecstasy. At the houses scattered here and there along the Via Nomentana. the odor of lanterns came to his nostrils. the sea. and hid Him from the eyes of the Apostles. "It is the Lord. and bless both the flock and him. but it could be felt that each minute detail had fixed itself in his memory. and with him is a maiden. But round about he saw the silent throng. announcing midnight. nor did the man Caesar. as a thing is fixed in a stone into which it has been engraved." and Peter cast himself in to swim. stood Christ. the heavens. I see Urban over there. so as to fall the more quickly at the beloved feet. the cocks began to crow. "I saw!" And he narrated to them everything up to the Ascension into heaven. said. as if those people hoped to see Him or as if they hoped that He would descend again from the fields of heaven. as if out of a dream.that man who said "I saw" was lying. and in the details of the events which he narrated. not far from the old man. in his whole figure. and love immeasurable. and before him on the stone stood an aged man near the grave. looking from the boat. who. while bearing witness. with a head trembling somewhat. oblivion of life. that the cemetery was turned into the lake of Tiberius. They threw back their hoods to hear him better. the clouds closed in under the feet of the Saviour. It seemed to them that some superhuman power had borne them to Galilee. There was something in his movements. as he stood when John. and. It was clear that during Peter's long narrative some of them had visions. When he began to tell how. who filled the land. for he spoke very circumstantially. there were no temples of pagan gods. there was only Christ. and a moment followed as it were of expectation. and not lose a word of those which for them were priceless. which made every suspicion impossible. that on the bank. that they were walking with the disciples through those groves and on those waters." Vinicius shook himself. all heads were raised toward the sky unconsciously. he saw Lygia. repeated. covered Him. at the moment of Ascension. in the mist of morning. turning in the direction indicated by the Greek. and see how the old Apostle was feeding the sheep confided to him.

her eyes raised toward the Apostle. Her complexion had become almost transparent. He felt that for her he would have given them all. and suffering. and notwithstanding all the disorder which had risen in him. and desire.Chapter 21 EVERY drop of blood quivered in the young patrician at sight of her. her mouth was open slightly. she made on him the impression of a flower. and an interval of barely a few steps divided them. and a spirit. like a daughter of the people. — he saw Lygia. he was struck by the nobility of that wonderful patrician head in distinction to the dress. he drank of her as of life-giving water after long thirst. but never had Vinicius seen her more beautiful. Love flew over him like a flame. his passionate nature might have urged him to some unconsidered step. he had found her! For the first time he realized that joy might rush at the heart. But all the more did he desire to possess that woman. so different from all women whom he had seen or possessed in Rome or the Orient. He. mixed with a marvellous feeling of yearning. honor. but he wished to convince himself first that that was not the continuation of those miracles with which his head was filled. She was dressed in a dark woollen mantle. homage. Were it not for that disbelief. the old man. hardly beJieved his own eyes now and his own happiness. He forgot the crowd. He felt the delight which the sight of her caused him. 169 . after long days of alarm. and squeeze it till breath was lost. Standing near the gigantic Lygian. almost that of a slave. But there was no doubt. she seemed to him smaller than before. and that he was not dreaming. and with them Rome and the world in addition. that she had grown more slender. her face fixed in listening and delighted. like a wild beast. so that he could rejoice in the sight of her as much as he liked. immense. he noticed. — he saw only her. At last. almost a child. who had supposed hitherto that on "Fortuna" had been imposed a kind of duty to accomplish all his wishes. his own astonishment at the incomprehensible things which he had heard. The hood had fallen from her head and dishevelled her hair. trouble. She stood in perfect light. after all his efforts. too.

" "No!" said Vinicius. or rather to-day. 170 ." Such was the case. Meanwhile the Christians began to pray and sing. and. to whom reward was the question. we have not removed our hoods. "and I will give myself to thee as a slave if I do not break the back of that bison who is guarding her. Standing before the gate. lord. and forgotten himself altogether. right there in the cemetery. thou wilt surround the entrances with slaves and take her. And what could they do? Why not act with certainty? Why expose themselves to destruction and the whole undertaking to failure? Though Vinicius restrained himself with the greatest effort from seizing Lygia in his arms at once. and they had not followed the general example. "What dost thou wish to do. It seemed to Vinicius that that night would never end. — "Let us go out before the gate. for during the discourse of the Apostle all had cast aside their hoods so as to hear better. and then the Great Apostle baptized with water from the fountain those whom the presbyters presented as ready for baptism. and seize her on the road or at her house." replied Croton. To take her when there were only two of them was to expose themselves to death. "we shall see to what house they go. and Chilo whispered. what was worse. To-morrow. and people look at us. Chilo's advice seemed wise. Croton was taken only f or clef ence against attack in case they were recognized. lord?" "We will follow her to the house and take her now. perhaps. he felt that the Greek was right. to his counsels. they might let her out of their hands. they could look at all who passed. He wished now to follow Lygia as soon as possible. had it not been for Croton. Croton?" "I will." said Chio. "Let us follow them. if thou wilt undertake that task. and then she would hide in another place or leave Rome. not to carry off the girl. Ursus it was easy to recognize by his form and size. out of fear that he might do something to expose them to danger. At last some began to leave the cemetery. had it not been for Chilo. who pulled the corner of his mantle." But Chilo fell to dissuading and entrcating them by all the gods not to do so.He would have lost himself in gazing. After a while Maranatha thundered forth. and would have lent ear. therefore.

The way was long. Once in Buxentum. They were accompanied by a number of other persons. But they had to wait long yet. He was sufficiently penetrating for that. and his hope that feeling. command that old goat to be silent." said Chio. He did not lose Lygia from his eyes for a moment. for see how passing people kneel to him. "thy maiden is under powerful protection. Finally he understood this. and the cocks had begun to crow before dawn when they saw Ursus coming through the gate. who lighted the way with a lantern. and answered." People did in fact kneel before him. wealth. considerably lower in stature. hence at moments he thought too of the gulf which that wonderful religion had dug between him and Lygia. but once she is at home I will seize her." answered Croton. "No one will ask thee to hold his hands. a maiden toward whom his feelings were inflamed: he knew now that her religion made her different from other women. I do not say to take the girl now from the crowd. for they might throw stones before our feet. Lygia he had not known hitherto. about two hundred in number. but Vinicius did not look at them. That is the Great Apostle with her. "Yes. luxury. Now he understood everything that had happened in the past. He had seen in her a maiden wonderful beyond others. he arranged in his head the whole plan of seizure with soldierly precision. even if she loved 171 . accustomed as he had been in wars to stratagems of all sorts. Chio. seven drunken gladiators fell on me at an inn. and with him Lygia. and take her whithersoever thou shalt indicate. carry her away. and none of them escaped with sound ribs."Lord. desire." said he. whither Lucius Saturnius took me to a play. and Croton walked with these people." Vinicius was pleased to hear those words. and that Lygia. Vinicius. next to him walked another old man. After that handful followed a crowd." "This Lygian seems tremendously strong!" groaned Chio. the girl surely. two women who were not young. he thought only of bearing her away and. and why it had happened. by Hercules! To-morrow we may not find her at home. that the new religion ingrafted into the soul something unknown to that world in which he lived. but he knew well that bold attacks give success generally. It seemed to Chilo that he recognized among them the Great Apostle. He felt that the step on which he had decided was bold. — "Thus let it be. would attract her he knew now to be a vain illusion. which he and Petronius had not understood. lord. if we surprise them they will remove. "or let me drop my fist on his head. and a boy.

that his power was nothing. convinced that the power of the sword and the fist which had conquered the world. and he had pointed her out. as is well known. it was a pleasure different altogether from that which he and Petronius and Caesar's court and all Rome were pursuing. has attached himself to the noble Vinicius as Aristotle to Alexander of Macedon. But he was brought out of this chaos by Chilo. And when he thought of this. or a keg of wine. or to influence the Christians. saw for the first time in life that beyond that power there might be something else. Every other woman whom he knew might become his mistress. and does not see even in daylight. to science. for he felt that his anger was powerless. death. who fell to lamenting his own fate. what must the case be at night? Let something happen. there would be something with which to invoke aid in case of need. He had agreed to find Lygia. Oh. but he was equally sure that. — who will give assurance that instead of a reward blame will not fall on the hapless Chio? He. or. and resurrection of the God-man. through his head flew merely pictures of the cemetery. That Roman military tribune. if pleasure existed for her. and Lygia. still worse. an old man. he himself with his bravery was nothing. devoted to meditation. and that through it he could effect nothing. the assembled crowd. he was almost sure that he could take her. water. chaos rose in his head. and virtue? What would happen were a lord of such dignity as Vinicius to meet some mishap while bearing the maiden away? It is true that the gods are bound to watch over their chosen ones. but that Christian would become only his victim.him. who had redeemed the world. would command it forever. would not sacrifice any of her Christian truths for his sake. — let that Lygian bear hurl a millstone at the noble Vinicius. And he could not answer distinctly. counsels dictated by experience and prudence? 172 . and that. and promised it happiness on the other shore of the Styx. But what more do they want? Had he offered to carry the maiden away? Who could ask anything like this of a maimed man deprived of two fingers. as if the gods were playing games instead of watching what was passing in the world? Fortune is blindfold. — but have not such things happened more than once. the poor sage. When he thought of this. hence he asked himself with amazement what it was. in view of her religion. He had sought for her in peril of his life. If the noble lord should give him at least that purse which he had thrust into his girdle before leaving home. To carry off Lygia seemed to him possible. as he narrated the passion. why not listen to the counsels of an old man. he felt anger and burning pain. listening with her whole soul to the words of the old man.

"My whole hope is in this." "I should rather carry a sheep which died of mange a month ago. and if need be I will make such an outcry that half Rome will be roused to thy assistance." "An ox might have said the same to Aristotle.Vinicius." replied the Greek. worthy lord. "what profit hast thou from the teachings of that worthy old man. be silent!" The Greek felt that it was unusually heavy. he would act like IEneas. nearest friend. "but give that purse. hearing this. thou wouldst know that gold is vanity." "Mayst thou knock the great toe from thy foot. whose needs it will be necessary to provide for from time to time." answered the gladiator. rough road! The olive oil is burned out in the lantern. what is my personal. whether he will carry the maiden easily. would befit such a donor. and if Croton. he would learn." retorted Chilo. for coolness in summer. I see. would bear me to the gate in his arms. and in future thou wilt not forget a poor. second. I will not call a demigod. "I shall not be a Christian! I have no wish to lose my bread. took the purse from his belt. and invoke Jove to befriend thee." "But if thou knew even the rudiments of philosophy. who with the strength of a beast had no human feeling. even a poor Christian. it would be easier for the sun to pierce the walls of the Mamertine prison than for truth to penetrate thy skull of a hippopotamus." "Never fear!" said Croton. Croton." "Come to me with thy philosophy. "Thou hast it. I will give thee one blow of my head in the stomach. who is as noble as he is strong. and win all the good gods to such a degree that touching the result of the enterprise I should be thoroughly satisfied. we shall see then who wins. faithful servant. for once he is sunk in books. Meanwhile I shall admire thy heroic deeds from afar. "that Hercules or Theseus performed deeds still more arduous. to begin with. bestowed by the worthy tribune. who described poverty and charity as the two foremost virtues? Has he not commanded thee expressly to love me? Never shall I make thee. he thinks of nothing else." said he. and threw it to the fingers of Chilo. 173 . for thou art a full god. and I will bear thee to the gate. even with the smallest portico. What a wretched. if not Hercules? Thee. and gained confidence. sonic few stadia of garden land and a little house.

" said Chio. I advise thee once more to go home for slaves and a litter. "Lord. listen not to that elephant trunk. "I have a cask of Cephalonian wine. People at some distance seemed like apparitions in that mist. but now. He would even have permitted him to depart. leading asses and mules laden with vegetables. Marketmen were moving toward the gates. when thou hast learned in what house the divine Lygia dwells. Vinicius made no answer.It was growing gray in the world. there would be guards willing to facilitate her flight. therefore." answered Chio. and the gravestones scattered here and there began to issue from the shade. Croton. The trees along the wayside. Vinicius did not oppose this. so to all appearances that doctrine embraces new souls every day. to follow Lygia more from a distance. This struck him also with reference to Lygia.. and dropped more and more to the rear. for he approached the gate." said Croton. It had never occurred to the patrician before that there could be Christians in the army. at which a wonderful sight struck his eyes. The dawn covered with pale light the outlines of the walls. There was need. Peter placed his hand on their iron helmets for a moment. here and there moved creaking carts in which game was conveyed. After they had passed vacant places beyond the wall. judging that the cowardly and incompetent Greek would not be needed. which means that thou wilt perish. which became more silvery as the light increased. Chilo fell to complaining of wounds. when thou hast paid me. the Christians began to scatter. who undertakes to carry off the maiden only to squeeze thy purse as if it were a bag of curds. which promised good weather. and extends itself over all human understandings. and then made the sign of the cross on them. of pains in his legs. had she wished to flee from the city. I may not be suspected of speaking for my own interest only. but the worthy sage was detained 174 . "I should offend thee were I to foresee the end of thy bounty. On the road and along both sides of it was a light mist at the very earth. had he wished. the buildings. for he was convinced that. He thanked the gods then that this had not happened." "I have a blow of the fist to be struck between the shoulders. The road was no longer quite empty. which means that I shall be well. Vinicius stared at the slender form of Lygia. and more carefully. with astonishment he thought that as fire in a burning city takes in more and more houses. Two soldiers knelt when the Apostle was passing. so as not to rouse attention.

Ursus. lord. for he saw that Vinicius's face was pale from emotion. and Lygia entered a narrow vicus. and that his eyes were glittering like the eyes of a wolf. went into a house in which were two shops." said Vinicius. Cybele." said he. "Thou wilt follow me. and.by circumspection. "and see if this house fronts on another street." said he. but on his face nut the least fear was evident. and at moments even approached with his previous counsels." Chio. he thought too that the old man accompanying the Apostle might be Glaucus. though he had complained of wounds in his feet. since he continued behind. Chilo." Then. sprang away as quickly as if he had had the wings of J~Iercury on his ankles. for they needed to take counsel. and. an old woman. The Apostle. Vesta. "No. were it not for his rather low stature. halted all at once. "I will go in first. began to hiss at them to turn. 175 . the other for poultry. and a boy went up the river. he said. Apollo. Curiosity pressed him evidently. — one for the sale of olives. and the sun was near rising when the group surrounding Lygia dispersed. Listen to me —" But he stopped on a sudden. Chilo sprang to the corner of the nearest alley and watched from behind it. It was enough to look at him to understand that nothing in the world would restrain him from the undertaking. and all the gods of the Orient and the Occident to drop this plan. "Go. by Jupiter." said Vinicius. in commanding tones. Chio. who walked about fifty yards behind Vinicius and Croton. waiting for what would happen. Isis. Mithra Baal. Osiris. the old man of lower stature. And after a while both vanished in the dark entrance. and returned in a moment. "there is but one entrance. as if fixed to the earth. and to sway his undeveloped skull from side to side as bears do when confined in a cage. advancing still about a hundred yards. squeezing up to the wall. They walked a good while before reaching the Trans-Tiber. Croton began to draw air into his herculean breast. putting his hands together. "I implore thee. They did so.

he thought Chio's counsel practical. those houses had no numbers." At this moment. it would be easy to occupy the gate. The hour was early. one of the kind of which thousands were built in Rome. for the greater part. of several stories. also. which seemed the only exit. with a fountain in the middle whose stream fell into a stone basin fixed in the ground. hence. These. the owners committed the collection of rent to slaves. halting. In a city where many streets had no names. search all the lodgings simultaneously. some provided with wooden doors. some of stone. lord?" asked Croton. To find some one by inquiry in such a house was often very difficult. There were lodgings on the ground. too high and too narrow. Vinicius and Croton came to a narrow. leading to galleries from which there were entrances to lodgings. they were built so hurriedly and badly that scarcely a year passed in which numbers of them did not fall on the heads of tenants. If there were some tens of slaves present. others separated from the yard by woollen screens only. as a rule. "What shall we do. "Let us wait here. some one may appear. who. At all the walls were internal stairways. in which poor people fixed themselves too numerously. especially when there was no gate-keeper. otherwise Christians." replied Vinicius. in view of profit from rent. were ignorant themselves of them frequently. or patched.Chapter 22 ONLY inside the entrance did Vinicius comprehend the whole difficulty of the undertaking. "We should not be seen in the yard. forming a kind of common atrium for the whole house. who surely were not lacking in 176 . and thus come to Lygia's. some of wood. The house was large. rent. and there was not a living soul in the yard. were worn. Real hives. full of chambers and little dens. It was evident that all were asleep in the house except those who had returned from Ostrianum. not obliged by the city government to give names of occupants. corridor-like passage walled in on four sides.

or rather Ursus. he halted. the seclusion of the little house facilitated the enterprise. Their astonishment was great when they saw that the screen divided from the court. quickly. and. when the sound of steps attracted his attention. after a whole night spent in the cemetery. "What do ye want here?" asked he. In the courtyard all the tenants might assemble. and approached the fountain. "Am I to break his bones now?" "Wait awhile!" Ursus did not notice the two men. he in-tended to prepare a meal. They would set aside defenders. some myrtle bushes. Then. Croton and Vinicius followed him. from behind a screen hiding a remoter lodging. he took the wet sieve and disappeared behind the screen. Both understood at once that this was for them a favoring circumstance. but another dark corridor. It was evident that. seeing two persons. Vinicius would declare himself then to the guards. hurried voice: "Kill!" 177 . put his sieve on the balustrade and turned to them. they would say that a hostage was fleeing from Caesar. In view of this. there was risk in inquiring of strangers. At the first glance the young tribune recognized Ursus. turning to Croton. and there they would help themselves. Vinicius stopped to think whether it would not be better to go for his slaves. "That is the Lygian!" whispered Vinicius.that house. Just then. not lodgings. as they were in the shadow of the entrance. and would reach the street just as quickly with the captured Lygia. thinking that they would come directly to Lygia's lodgings. After a while the washing was finished. at the end of which was a little garden containing a few cypresses. he said in a low. Ursus was almost entering the little house. might give notice that people were seeking her. and summon their assistance. and he began quietly to sink in water vegetables which filled the sieve. if attacked. came a man with a sieve in his hand. and a small house fixed to the windowless stone wall of another stone building. It was likely that no one would attack them. "Thee!" said Vinicius.

and she would have fainted but for the terrible picture which struck her eyes when Vinicius rushed into the garden. for he also felt certain that Croton would kill him. he struck the head once more with his fist. Chilo. which was known to her and which at that moment was terrible. the scream of Lygia. he would fare well near Vinicius. by a fire burning in the chimney. call the guards to aid the young patrician against the street rabble 178 . He thought that if they succeeded in carrying off Lygia. before the Lygian was able to think or to recognize his enemies. — if Christians. with hanging head and mouth filled with blood. or people of any kind. The hood fell from his head. She wished to summon aid. Crown had caught him in his arms of steel. and at sight of that face. but had not the power. A gleam of this fire fell on Lygia's face directly. and in one moment. it is true. would speak to them as one representing authority. lighted. since curiosity was struggling with fear in him. the blood grew cold in Lygia from fright. rushed toward the door again. sprang to the door of the little house. .Croton rushed at him like a tiger. opened the arms with which he held Lygia. Vinicius rushed in so suddenly that before Lygia could recognize him he had seized her by the waist. Ursus was holding in his arms some man doubled back completely. and. and if need came. — he. pushed it open and found himself in a room a trifle dark. Equally vain was her wish to grasp the door. should offer resistance. "Death!" thought the young patrician. A second person. as an executor of Caesar's will. to resist. which was free. He feared Urban no longer. Vinicius was too confident in the man's preternatural strength to wait for the end of the struggle. Her fingers slipped along the stone. but pressing the girl with one arm to his breast. sitting at the fire. "Kill not!" He felt that something. Then he heard. was waiting for what would happen. Chio. The old man barred the way. hidden behind the angle of the corner house. as through a dream. When he saw them. then the earth turned round with him. He passed the two. however. and the voice died in her throat. and the light of day died in his eyes… … … … … … … . which so far were empty. Vinicius pushed him aside with the other. was that old man who had accompanied the young girl and Ursus on the road from Ostrianum. raising her. And he calculated that in case a gathering should begin on the streets. and in the twinkle of an eye sprang toward Vinicius like a raging wild beast. as it were a thunderbolt.

Chilo made himself as flat against the wall as a bit of mud. and thought. and looking around once more. however. holding the breath in his breast. he admitted that it might succeed. squeezing up to the wall. however. "If they do not hit upon her hiding-place. Vinicius can carry the girl. But Ursus ran past the corner quickly. and make an uproar. After a while. "they will work for me. for before they reach the Carmn~ there will be movement in the city — What is that? By the immortal gods!" And suddenly the remnant of his hair stood on end. his teeth chattering from terror. without further waiting. "If he sees mc from a distance when he is returning. And he had not deceived himself. and Croton clear the way. "Whatever they do. Apollo." said he to himself. In his soul he judged yet that the young tribune's method was unwise. he began to run. it vanished. ran along the cross street with a speed which even in a young man might have roused admiration.— thus winning to himself fresh favor. but save me from the hands of that demon!" 179 . O God of the Christians! I will leave Rome. "Save me. they will frighten her. I will return to Mesembria. however. and could squeeze afresh a goodly number of sestertia from the tribune. and disappeared beyond the neighboring house. "but if they have taken the girl. for a head thrust itself half out of the entrance and looked around. for it seemed to him that some one was bending forward through the entrance. for Chilo understood that in that event he would be necessary again to Vinicius. save me." thought Chilo. In the door appeared Ursus. why does she not scream. considering." Delay grew wearisome. he will catch and kill me. and why are they looking out to the street? They must meet people anyhow. O gods! O gods! only permit me—" And he stopped suddenly. though no one divines that. Hermes. "If it go hard with him. Croton's terrible strength. he began to look." said he to himself. or Croton. save me. Chio. bearing it along the empty street toward the river. with the body of Croton hanging on his arm. "I am lost if he sees me!" thought he. the silence of the entrance which he watched alarmed him. then." But this thought was not disagreeable. "That is Vinicius. Zeus. save me.

or the guards of the city. Breath failed in his breast. If he has broken the bones of such a man as Croton. His death cannot pass without punishment. and. convincing himself that he had not lost the purse received from Vinicius. his sweat-covered forehead. "I am old. — "Woe is me! Who took him to that house if not I? His freedmen and his slaves know that I came to his house. too. and in all myths. a military tribune. The people coming toward him turned into some little side street. was he calmed somewhat. awaiting his burial. who can resist him? They would give for his every appearance in the arena as much gold as he himself weighs. a man known in all Rome. and his hair stood on end again at the thought that he was in conflict with such a power. for instance?" Here he stopped and began to think. especially in winter. if he is a man. and some of them know with what object. But may Hades swallow him. The city was sleeping yet. at which he jeered usually. he thought that lie might be some god who had taken the form of a barbarian. that it might be the God of the Christians who had killed Croton. after he had sat some time on the threshold.And that Lygian who had killed Croton seemed to him at that moment some superhuman being. supported at the cost of the State. with a corner of his mantle. hence unoccupied. so he rose. Only when he had run through a number of alleys. a relative of Petronius. While running. beyond a doubt the soul of Vinicius is puling above that cursed house now. for all that! I will have nothing to do with him. In the morning movement began earlier in the wealthier parts of the city. He guards that maiden better than Cerberus does Hades. a friend of Caesar. It flew through his head. turned toward the river with a step now much slower. felt a piercing cold. might make millions of sestertia in the course of one year. they woke rather late. "I may see Croton's body somewhere. and need calm. and saw some workmen coming toward him from a distance. like a whelp. By Castor! but he is a patrician. "O gods! that Lygian. But where shall I begin in this case? A dreadful thing has happened. At that moment he believed in all the gods of the world. but said after a while." said he. for if he choked Croton. where the slaves of rich houses were forced to rise before daylight. and again the place round about was empty." said he to himself. He is too bony. Suppose I were to go to the pretorian camp. Chio. in portions inhabited by a free population. so he sat on the threshold of a house and began to wipe. What will happen if they suspect me of having pointed out to him 180 .

who could command the police of the whole Empire. Chilo did not know that. On the other hand. who knew the affair from its inception. It was more likely that they had detained him by superior force. the only point being that I should not go. Vinicius might be killed. and. Now it occurred to Chilo for the first time. This thought filled Chilo with hope. He had seen. Any other man might go directly to the prefect of the city guards and tell what had happened. he is a patrician. that he would hear him to the end. it is true. and a high military official. that I did not wish his death. and go far away somewhere. and tell what had happened. but he might be wounded or detained. But to go to him. and whether he goes to the prefect or not is his affair. and count on a reward. Also. that surely the Christians would not dare to kill a man so powerful. Petronius was a powerful man. Rome was immense. — a friend of Caesar. Besides. But if I leave Rome in silence. I have found Lygia. and then not only does nothing threaten me. Still. and who beyond doubt would try to find the guilty parties even at the ends of the earth." It was bad in every case. to give Lygia means to hide herself a second time. and confirm also every suspicion which might enter the heads of officials. the Lygian stealing with Crown's body to the river. though some suspicion might fall on him. I shall place myself under still greater suspicion. but nothing more. that was the best plan. I can go to Petronius. to flee would be to confirm Petronius in the opinion that Vinicius had been betrayed and murdered through conspiracy. and if he is alive he himself will testify that I have not betrayed him. Petronius. they will say that I was the cause of it. and Chilo might be sure of this. count again on two heifers — a fresh field is opening. hence in no event can I avoid punishment. at least. but —O Hermes.purposely the house in which his death met him? Though it appear afterward. await the issue calmly. The only question was to choose the less evil. — for that kind of act might draw on them a general persecution. But Chilo's whole past was of such character that every closer acquaintance with the prefect of the city or the prefect of the guard must cause him very serious trouble. Chilo thought to go straight to him. now I shall 181 . still Chilo felt that it might become too small for him. it was needful to know with certainty what had happened to Vinicius. in the court. "If that Lygian dragon has not torn him to pieces at the first attack. Yes. would believe in Chio's innocence more easily than would the prefects. Petronius was calm. he is alive. I can inform one of the freedmen where to seek his lord.

or rather he was roused by the slave woman. in every case. and. — that which Vinicius had given him at home. and wished to see him on urgent business. and fell asleep in one instant. evidently. he wished to sleep. When the hour for opening the wine-shop came at last. One thing gave him permanent comfort: he had on his person two purses. be threw himself on the bed. the journey to Ostrianum. He woke only in the evening. and that which he had thrown him on the way from the cemetery. When he had entered a sleeping-room. for some one was inquiring. the flight from the TransTiber. threw on his hooded mantle hastily. But he rejected that thought immediately. he resolved to eat abundantly. The watchful Chilo came to himself in one moment. and drowsiness overcame his strength so that he returned with tottering step to his dwelling in the Subura. — warned that the affair was an unclean one. by the Christian elder to whom he had confessed his design. For a time he was unable to speak. justly. he did so in such a marked measure that he forgot the bath. had wearied him exceedingly. In view of this happy circumstance. commanding the slave woman to stand aside. then with chattering teeth he said. He preferred to have nothing to do with Ursus. a shiver ran through Chio's whole body. purchased with money obtained from Vinicius. and of all the excitement through which he had passed." Here it occurred to him that he might go in the night to the baker Deinas and inquire about Ursus. was waiting for him. and then again Lygia. that if Ursus had not killed Glaucus he had been warned. above all. and shivers were creeping along his back. who called him to rise. the heart ceased to beat in his bosom. At that sight he felt his feet and head grow icy-cold.find Vinicius. or rather groaned. looked out cautiously. And he was benumbed! for he saw before the door of the sleepingroom the gigantic form of Ursus. He might suppose. and rest. Meanwhile he needed refreshment. as dark as the den of a fox. The sleepless night. at the mere recollection of Ursus. where a slave woman. — "Syra — I am not at home — I don't know that — good man—" 182 . But he thought that in the evening he would send Euricius for news to that house in which the thing had happened. and drink better wine than he drank usually. a bath. It is needful to know first whether Vinicius is dead or living. to which some traitor had persuaded him.

" answered the girl." "O gods! I will command that thou —" But Ursus. as if impatient of delay. summons thee to go with me to him. — I do not know thee!" "Chilo Chilonides. but asleep. and. thrust in his head. I am Chilo."I told him that thou wert at home." repeated Ursus. "Pax tecum! pax! pax!" answered Chio. approached the door of the sleeping-room. "O best of Christians! Yes. Vinicius. "O Chilo Chilonides!" said he. "thy lord. lord." 183 . bending. "he asked to rouse thee. but this is a mistake.

When this one he pointed to Ursus with his head] took the girl from the young man. he pushed him against the wall." added Crispus. Two he recognized: one was Ursus. evidently to save himself. but by so doing saved his head and his life. thinking it a kind of revenge which they were taking. "and hast the repute of a skilful physician. and at last he beheld through that mist three persons bending over him. worthy Crispus. nor what was happening. said through his set teeth. and his eyes were covered as if with mist. who on the road confessed that yesterday he was ready to kill me!" 184 . however. The third. This caused so terrible a pain that Vinicius. art thou certain that the wound in the head is not mortal?" "Yes. I cured many wounds. "Kill me!" But they paid no apparent heed to his words.Chapter 23 A PIERCING pain roused Vinicius. or considered them the usual groans of suffering. was holding his left arm." "Ursus. He felt a roaring in his head. and afterward while living at Naples. with his anxious and also threatening face of a barbarian. he broke and disjointed it. and feeling it from the elbow upward as far as the shoulder-blade. held a bundle of white cloth torn in long strips. — "Glaucus. just as though they heard them not. the other the old man whom he had thrust aside when carrying off Lygia. At the first moment he could not understand where he was. his consciousness returned." "Thou hast had more than one of the brotherhood in thy care. "While serving in the fleet as a slave." answered Glaucus. and with the pay which came to me from that occupation I freed myself and my relatives at last. Gradually. therefore I sent Ursus to bring thee. the young man while falling put out his arm. The old man spoke to the person who was pressing the arm of Vinicius. an utter stranger. Ursus. The wound in the head is slight.

"thou didst not permit my death. — "Lygia!" The basin trembled in her hand at that sound. however. Vinicius recovered consciousness again and saw Lygia above him." said Ursus. and thrust her into that squalid room. that that paleness of hers and that poverty were his work. but I. alarm. who know thee and thy love for Christ. in a low voice. explained to him that the traitor is not thou. so as to keep the arm motionless. Though Crispus sprinkled water on his face. — that it was he who had driven her from a house where she was loved. her face full of pity and sorrow. and pity seized him." said he. She stood there at the bed holding a brass basin with water. She stood there with extended arms. "Some other time thou wilt tell me." "That was an evil spirit. and surrounded with plenty and comfort. and only after a long time could he whisper. but I took him for an angel. but now we must think of this wounded man." Thus speaking. And first he thought that he would love her always. and sorrow so great that he would have fallen at her feet had he been able to move. since he did not feel the pain of putting his arm into joint. He would have arrayed her in the costliest brocade. "Peace be with thee!" answered she. at the poor dress of a laboring woman. When the operation was over."He confessed his intention earlier to me than to thee. in all the jewels of the earth. Glaucus fixed the limb between two strips of wood. that was. who tried to persuade him to murder. What he saw seemed a dream. and second. He looked at her face. but the unknown. and clothed her in that poor robe of dark wool. at the tresses of dark hair. he looked so intently tha: her snowy forehead began to grow rose-colored under the influence of his look. in which from time to time Glaucus dipped a sponge and moistened the head of his patient. with a sigh. 185 . or the pleasant vision brought by fever. nor of setting it. "Lygia." she answered. But he gazed. as if to fill his sight with her. so that after his lids were closed the picture might remain under them. Vinicius fainted repeatedly from suffering. but she turned on him eyes full of sadness. a fortunate circumstance. with sweetness. he began to set the arm. Vinicius gazed and could not believe his eyes. hence astonishment. paler and smaller than it had been." "May God return health to thee. which he bound quickly and firmly.

the wound and contusion began to grow firm. Be in peace. commanded us to love even our enemies. Thou hast deprived her of guardians. so now he grew weak from emotion." 186 ." replied Vinicius. perfect consciousness returned to him. and put it to the wounded man's lips. and us of a roof. As just before he had grown weak from pain. and that in her answer there was a special tenderness. a goodness simply prcterhuman. and think whether it beseems thee to continue thy pursuit of Lygia. though we return thee good for evil. He forgot at the moment that through her mouth Christian teaching might speak. approached the bed saying. then. to accomplish an evil deed. and felt great relief. and had applied a healing ointment." "Have no fear of prosecution.For Vinicius. A certain faintness came on him. he felt only that a beloved woman was speaking. after a few words with Glaucus. who art powerful among thy own people. but he felt that to fall was pleasant. which shook him to the depth of his soul. Thy companion was killed. we will implore God to restore thy health. Vinicius. in whom we believe. thou. but Christ. and. Meanwhile Glaucus had finished washing the wound in his head. After the operation the pain had almost passed. He. Vinicius drank eagerly. but we cannot watch over thee longer. This did not happen through our fault. at once immense and agreeable. art wounded. Lygia took the empty cup to the next room. He thought at that moment of weakness that a divinity was standing above him." said he. in which prosecution by the prefect of the city may reach us. "We wish to leave this house. who had a feeling both of those wrongs which he had inflicted on her formerly. but the anger of the law might fall on us. He felt as if falling into some abyss. — "God has not permitted thee. she brought a cup of water and wine which stood ready on the table. and has preserved thee in life so that thou shouldst come to thy mind. delivered thee defenceless into our hands. "Give me another drink. meanwhile Crispus. before whom man is but dust. Therefore we have dressed thy wounds. as Lygia has said. "I will protect you. Ursus took the brass basin from Lygia's hands. and those which he had wished to inflict on her recently." "Do ye wish to leave me? inquired Vinicius. there was a real balsam in Lygia's words. and that he was happy.

Crispus did not like to tell him that with them it was not only a question of the prefect and the police, but of him; they wished to secure Lygia from his further pursuit. "Lord," said he, "thy right arm is well. Here are tablets and a stilus; write to thy servants to bring a litter this evening and bear thee to thy own house, where thou wilt have more comfort than in our poverty. We dwell here with a poor widow, who will return soon with her son, and this youth will take thy letter; as to us, we must all find another hidingplace." Vinicius grew pale, for he understood that they wished to separate him from Lygia, and that if he lost her now he might never see her in life again. He knew indeed that things of great import had come between him and her, in virtue of which, if he wished to possess her, he must seek some new methods which he had not had time yet to think over. He understood too that whatever he might tell these people, though he should swear that he would return Lygia to Pomponia Graecina, they would not believe him, and were justified in refusing belief. Moreover, he might have done that before. Instead of hunting for Lygia, he might have gone to Pomponia and sworn to her that he renounced pursuit, and in that case Pomponia herself would have found Lygia and brought her home. No; he felt that such promises would not restrain them, and no solemn oath would be received, the more since, not being a Christian, he could swear only by the immortal gods, in whom he did not himself believe greatly, and whom they considered evil spirits. He desired desperately to influence Lygia and her guardians in some way, but for that there was need of time. For him it was all-important to see her, to look at her for a few days even. As every fragment of a plank or an oar seems salvation to a drowning man, so to him it seemed that during those few days he might say something to bring him nearer to her, that he might think out something, that something favorable might happen. Hence he collected his thoughts and said, — "Listen to me, Christians. Yesterday I was with you in Ostrianum, and I heard your teaching; but though I did not know it, your deeds have convinced me that you are honest and good people. Tell that widow who occupies this house to stay in it, stay in it yourselves, and let me stay. Let this man turned to Glaucus], who is a physician, or at least understands the care of wounds, tell whether it is possible to carry me from here today. I am sick, I have a broken arm, which must remain immovable for a


few days even; therefore I declare to you that I will not leave this house unless you bear me hence by force!" Here he stopped, for breath failed in his breast, and Crispus said, — "We will use no force against thee, lord; we will only take away our own heads." At this the young man, unused to resistance, frowned and said, — "Permit me to recover breath"; and after a time he began again to speak, — "Of Croton, whom Ursus killed, no one will inquire. He had to go today to Beneventum, whither he was summoned by Vatinius, therefore all will think that he has gone there. When I entered this house in company with Croton, no one saw us except a Greek who was with us in Ostrianum. I will indicate to you his lodgings; bring that man to me. On him I will enjoin silence; he is paid by me. I will send a letter to my own house stating that I too went to Beneventum. If the Greek has informed the prefect already, I will declare that I myself killed Croton, and that it was he who broke my arm. I will do this, by my father's shade and by my mother's! Ye may remain in safety here; not a hair will fall from the head of one of you. Bring hither, and bring in haste, the Greek whose name is Chilo Chionides!" "Then Glaucus will remain with thee," said Crispus, "and the widow will nurse thee." "Consider, old man, what I say," said Vinicius, who frowned still more. "I owe thee gratitude, and thou seemest good and honest; but thou dost not tell me what thou hast in the bottom of thy soul. Thou art afraid lest I summon my slaves and command them to take Lygia. Is this true?" "It is," said Crispus, with sternness. "Then remember this, I shall speak before all to Chilo, and write a letter home that I have gone to Beneventum. I shall have no messengers hereafter but you. Remember this, and do not irritate me longer." Here he was indignant, and his face was contorted with anger. Afterward he began to speak excitedly, — "Hast thou thought that I would deny that I wish to stay here to see her? A fool would have divined that, even had I denied it. But I will not try to take her by force any longer. I will tell thee more: if she will not stay here, I will tear the bandages with this sound hand from my arm, will take neither food nor drink; let my death fall on thee and thy brethren. Why


hast thou nursed me? Why hast thou not commanded to kifi me?" He grew pale from weakness and anger. Lygia, who had heard all from the other room and who was certain that Vinicius would do what he promised, was terrified. She would not have him die for anything. Wounded and defenceless, he roused in her compassion, not fear. Living from the time of her flight among people in continual religious enthusiasm, thinking only of sacrifices, offerings, and boundless charity, she had grown so excited herself through that new inspiration, that for her it took the place of house, family, lost happiness, and made her one of those Christian maidens who, later on, changed the former soul of the world. Vinicius had been too important in her fate, had been thrust too much on her, to let her forget him. She had thought of him whole days, and more than once had begged God for the moment in which, following the inspiration of religion, she might return good for his evil, mercy for his persecution, break him, win him to Christ, save him. And now it seemed to her that precisely that moment had come, and that her prayers had been heard. She approached Crispus therefore with a face as if inspired, and addressed him as though some other voice spoke through her, — "Let him stay among us, Crispus, and we will stay with him till Christ gives him health." The old presbyter, accustomed to seek in all things the inspiration of God, beholding her exaltation, thought at once that perhaps a higher power was speaking through her, and, fearing in his heart, he bent his gray head, saymg, — "Let it be as thou sayest." On Vinicius, who the whole time had not taken his eyes from her, this ready obedience of Crispus produced a wonderful and pervading impression. it seemed to him that among the Christians Lygia was a kind of sibyl or priestess whom they surrounded with obedience and honor; and he yielded himself also to that honor. To the love which he felt was joined now a certain awe, in presence of which love itself became something almost insolent. He could not familiarize himself, however, with the thought that their relations had changed: that now not she was dependent on his will, but he on hers; that he was lying there sick and broken; that he had ceased to be an attacking, a conquering force; that he was like a defenceless child in her care. For his proud and commanding nature such relations with any other person would have been humiliating; now, however, not only did he not feel humiliated, but he was thankful to her as to his sovereign. In him those were feelings unheard-


of, feelings which he could not have entertained the day before, and which would have amazed him even on that day had he been able to analyze them clearly. But he did not inquire at the moment why it was so, just as if the position had been perfectly natural; he merely felt happy because he remained there. And he wished to thank her with gratefulness, and still with a kind of feeling unknown to him in such a degree that he knew not what to call it, for it was simply submission. His previous excitement had so exhausted him that he could not speak, and he thanked her only with his eyes, which were gleaming from delight because he remained near her, and would be able to see her — to-morrow, next day, perhaps a long time. That delight was diminished only by the dread that he might lose what he had gained. So great was this dread that when Lygia gave him water a second time, and the wish seized him to take her hand, he feared to do so. He feared! he, that Vinicius who at CTsar's feast had kissed her lips in spite of her! he, that Vinicius who after her flight had promised himself to drag her by the hair to the cubiculum, or give command to flog her!




BUT he began also to fear that some outside force might disturb his delight. Chilo might give notice of his disappearance to the prefect of the city, or to his freedmen at home; and in such an event an invasion of the house by the city guards was likely. Through his head flew the thought, it is true, that in that event he might give command to seize Lygia and shut her up in his house, but he felt that he ought not to do so, and he was not capable of acting thus. He was tyrannical, insolent, and corrupt enough, if need be he was inexorable, but he was not Tigellinus or Nero. Military life had left in him a certain feeling of justice, and religion, and a conscience to understand that such a deed would be monstrously mean. He would have been capable, perhaps, of committing such a deed during an access of anger and while in possession of his strength, but at that moment he was filled with tenderness, and was sick. The only question for Vinicius at that time was that no one should stand between him and Lygia. He noticed, too, with astonishment, that from the moment when Lygia had taken his part, neither she herself nor Crispus asked from him any assurances, just as if they felt confident that, in case of need, some superhuman power would defend them. The young tribune, in whose head the distinction bctwcen things possible and impossible had grown involved and faint since the discourse of the Apostle in Ostrianum, was also not too far from supposing that that might take place. But considering things more soberly, he remembered what he had said of the Greek, and asked again that Chilo be brought to him. Crispus agrecd, and they decided to send Ursus. Vinicius, who in recent days, before his visit to Ostrianum, had sent slaves frequently to Chilo, though without result, indicated his lodgings accurately to the Lygian; then writing a few words on the tablet, he said, turning to Crispus, — "I give a tablet, for this man is suspicious and cunning. Frequently when summoned by me, he gave directions to answer my people that he


was not at home; he did so always when he had no good news for me, and feared my anger." "If I find him, I will bring him, willing or unwilling," said Ursus. Then, taking his mantle, he went out hurriedly. To find any one in Rome was not easy, even with the most accurate directions; but in those cases the instinct of a hunter aided Ursus, and also his great knowledge of the city. After a certain time, therefore, he found himself at Chilo's lodgings. He did not recognize Chio, however. He had seen him but once in his life before, and moreover, in the night. Besides, that lofty and confident old man who had persuaded him to murder Glaucus was so unlike the Greek, bent double from terror, that rio one could suppose the two to be one person. Chio, noticing that Ursus looked at him as a perfect stranger, recovered from his first fear. The sight of the tablet, with the writing of Vinicius, calmed him still more. At least the suspicion that he would take him into an ambush purposely did not trouble him. He thought, besides, that the Christians had not killed Vinicius, evidently because they had not dared to raise hands on so noted a person. "And then Vinicius will protect me in case of need," thought he; "of course he does not send to deliver me to death." Summoning some courage, therefore, he said: "My good man, has not my friend the noble Vinicius sent a litter? My feet are swollen; I cannot walk so far." "He has not," answered Ursus; "we shall go on foot." "But if I refuse?" "Do not, for thou wilt have to go." "And I will go, but of my own will. No one could force me, for I am a free man, and a friend of the prefect of the city. As a sage, I have also means to overcome others, and I know how to turn people into trees and wild beasts. But I will go, I will go! I will only put on a mantle somewhat warmer, and a hood, lest the slaves of that quarter might recognize me; they would stop me every moment to kiss my hands." He put on a new mantle then, and let down a broad Gallic hood, lest Ursus might recognize his features on coming into clearer light. "Where wilt thou take me?" asked he on the road. "To the Trans-Tiber."


"I am not long in Rome, and I have never been there, but there too, of course, live men who love virtue." But Ursus, who was a simple man, and had heard Vinicius say that the Greek had been with him in Ostrianum, and had seen him with Croton enter the house in which Lygia lived, stopped for a moment and said, — "Speak no untruth, old man, for to-day thou wert with Vinicius in Ostrianum and under our gate." "Ah!" said Chilo, "then is your house in the Trans-Tiber? I have not been long in Rome, and know not how the different parts are named. That is true, friend; I was under the gate, and implored Vinicius in the name of virtue not to enter. I was in Ostrianum, and dost thou know why? I am working for a certain time over the conversion of Vinicius, and wished him to hear the chief of the Apostles. May the light penetrate his soul and thine~ But thou art a Christian, and wishest truth to overcome falsehood." "That is true," answered Ursus, with humility. Courage returned to Chilo completely. "Vinicius is a powerful lord," said he, "and a friend of Caesar. He listens often yet to the whisperings of the wil spirit; but if even a hair should fall from his head, Caesar would take vengeance on all the Christians." "A higher power is protecting us." "Surely, surely! But what do ye intend to do with Vinicius?" inquired Chio, with fresh alarm. "I know not. Christ commands mercy." "Thou hast answered excellently. Think of this always, or thou wilt fry in hell like a sausage in a frying-pan." Ursus sighed, and Chilo thought that he could always do what he liked with that man, who was terrible at the moment of his first outburst. So, wishing to know what happened at the seizing of Lygia, he asked further, in the voice of a stern judge, — "How did ye treat Croton? Speak, and do not prevaricate." Ursus sighed a second time. "Vinicius will tell thee." "That means that thou didst stab him with a knife, or kill him with a club." "I was without arms." The Greek could not resist amazement at the superhuman strength of the barbarian. "May Pluto—that is to say, may Christ pardon thee!"


They went on for some time in silence; then Chilo said: "I will not betray thee; but have a care of the watches." "I fear Christ, not the watches." "And that is proper. There is no more grievous crime than murder. I will pray for thee; but I know not if even niy prayer can be effective, unless thou make a vow never to touch any one in life with a finger." "As it is, I have not killed purposely," answered Ursus. But Chilo, who desired to secure himself in every case, did not cease to condemn murder, and urge Ursus to make the vow. He inquired also about Vinicius; but the Lygian answered his inquiries unwillingly, repeating that from Vinicius himself he would hear what he needed. Speaking in this way, they passed at last the long road which separated the lodgings of the Greek from the Trans-Tiber, and found themselves before the house. Chio's heart began to beat again unquietly. From dread it seemed to him that Ursus was beginning to look at him with a kind of greedy expression. "It is small consolation to me," said he to himself, "if he kills me unwillingly. I prefer in every case that paralysis should strike him, and with him all the Lygians, — which do thou effect, O Zeus, if thou art able." Thus meditating, he wrapped himself more closely in his Gallic mantle, repeating that he feared the cold. Finally, when they had passed the entrance and the first court, and found themselves in the corridor leading to the garden of the little house, he halted suddenly and said, — "Let me draw breath, or I shall not be able to speak with Vinicius and give him saving advice." He halted; for though he said to himself that no danger threatened, still his legs trembled under him at the thought that he was among those mysterious people whom he had seen in Ostrianum. Meanwhile a hymn came to their ears from the little house. "What is that?" inquired Chilo. "Thou sayest that thou art a Christian, and knowest not that among us it is the custom after every meal to glorify our Saviour with singing," answered Ursus. "Miriam and her son must have returned, and perhaps the Apostle is with them, for he visits the widow and Crispus every day." "Conduct me directly to Vinicius."


"Vinicius is in the same room with all, for that is the only large one; the others are very small chambers, to which we go only to sleep. Come in; thou wilt rest there." They entered. It was rather dark in the room; the evening was cloudy and cold, the flames of a few candles did not dispel the darkness altogether. Vinicius divined rather than recognized Chilo in the hooded man. Chio, seeing the bed in the corner of the room, and on it Vinicius, moved toward him directly, not looking at the others, as if with the conviction that it would be safest near him. "Oh, lord, why didst thou not listen to my counsels?" exclaimed he, putting his hands together. "Silence!" said Vinicius, "and listen!" Here he looked sharply into Chio's eyes, and spoke slowly with emphasis, as if wishing the Greek to understand every word of his as a command, and to keep it forever in memory. "Croton threw himself on me to kill and rob me, dost understand? I killed him then, and these people dressed the wounds which I received in the struggle." Chilo understood in a moment that if Vinicius spoke in this way it must be in virtue of some agreement with the Christians, and in that case he wished people to believe him. He saw this, too, from his face; hence in one moment, without showing doubt or astonishment, he raised his eyes and exclaimed, — "That was a faith-breaking ruffian! But I warned thee, lord, not to trust him; my teachings bounded from his head as do peas when thrown against a wall. In all Hades there are not torments enough for him. He who cannot be honest must be a rogue; what is more difficult than for a rogue to become honest? But to fall on his benefactor, a lord so magnanimous —O gods!" Here he remembered that he had represented himself to Ursus on the way as a Christian, and stopped. "Were it not for the 'sica,' which I brought, he would have slain me," said Vinicius. "I bless the moment in which I advised thee to take a knife even." Vinicius turned an inquiring glance on the Greek, and asked, — "What hast thou done to-day?" "How? What! have I not told thee, lord, that I made a vow for thy health?" "Nothing more?"


"I was just preparing to visit thee, when this good man came and said that thou hadst sent for me." "Here is a tablet. Thou wilt go with it to my house; thou wilt find my freedman and give it to him. It is written on the tablet that I have gone to Beneventum. Thou wit tell Demas from thyself that I went this morning, summoned by an urgent letter from Petronius." Here he repeated with emphasis: "I have gone to Beneventum, dost understand?" "Thou has gone, lord. This morning I took leave of thee at the Porta Capena, and from the time of thy departure such sadness possesses me that if thy magnanimity will not soften it, I shall cry myself to death, like the unhappy wife of Zethos4 in grief for Itylos." Vinicius, though sick and accustomed to the Greek's suppleness, could not repress a smile. He was glad, moreover, that Chio understood in a flash; hence he said,-.— "Therefore I will write that thy tears be wiped away. Give me the candle." Chilo, now pacified perfectly, rose, and, advancing a few steps toward the chimney, took one of the candles which was burning at the wall. But while he was doing this, the hood slipped from his head, and the light fell directly on his face. Glaucus sprang from his seat and, coming up quickly, stood before him. "Dost thou not recognize me, Cephas?" asked he. In his voice there was something so terrible that a shiver ran through all present. Chilo raised the candle, and dropped it to the earth almost the same instant; then he bent nearly double and began to groan, — "I am not he—I am not he! Mercy!" Glaucus turned toward the faithful, and said, — "This is the man who betrayed — who ruined me and my family!" That history was known to all the Christians and to Vinicius, who had not guessed who that Glaucus was, — for this reason only, that he fainted repeatedly from pain during the dressing of his wound, and had not heard his name. But for Ursus that short moment, with the words of Glaucus, was like a lightning-flash in darkness. Recognizing Chio, he was at his side with one spring, and, seizing his arm, bent it back, exclaiming, — "This is the man who persuaded me to kill Glaucus!" "Mercy!" groaned Chilo. "I will give you — O lord!" exclaimed he, turning his head to Vinicius, "save me! I trusted in thee, take my part. Thy letter — I will deliver it. O lord, lord!" But Vinicius, who looked with more indifference than any one at what was passing, first because all the affairs of the Greek were more or less known to him, and second because his heart knew not what pity was, said, — "Bury him in the garden; some one else will take the letter." It seemed to Chilo that those words were his
4.Aedon turned into a nightingale.


looking around to see whence death might come. but his legs would not move. when the Apostle Peter rose at the table. Though he had seen that they forgave him. drooping toward his breast. may God forgive thy offences. He approached the bed of Vinicius. for Ursus stood near him really. He would have run with all his might. he said with a broken voice. pushed along sidewise by the very wall. as if seeking protection in it still. Chilo rose. In the garden. though he had used his services and was still his accomplice. for he had not time yet to think that that man. added at once: "May the Saviour be merciful to thee as I forgive thee. — "Give the letter. His bones were shaking in the terrible hands of Ursus. for he felt sure that Ursus would rush out and kill him in the night. lord. at last he removed them and said. He did not trust his eyes and ears yet. Consciousness returned to him slowly. but if he is repentant. he made one obeisance to the Christians. "Depart in peace!" said the Apostle. and said amid silence. forgive him. supported on it with his hands. but he opened them then. something unexpected would happen again. fear raised the hair on his head again. when darkness surrounded him. — "Cephas. make me a slave! Do not kill me! Have mercy!" His voice. while those against whom he had acted forgave. stifled with pain. for a moment his white head shook. whose kindness terrified him almost as much as their cruelty would have terrified. but could not speak. that is a mistake! Let me speak. next moment they were perfectly uncontrollable. Glaucus remained a long time with his hands covering his face. as I forgive them in the name of Christ. his blue lips were still trembling from terror. he wished to bear away his head at the earliest from among these incomprehensible people. and hurried out through the door. and his eyes were closed. — "The Saviour said this to us: 'If thy brother has sinned against thee.'" Then came a still deeper silence. ten times! Glaucus. and dared not hope for forgiveness. turned his head like a wild beast caught in a snare. "By your God. condemned him. hence. At present simply astonishment and incredulity were evident in his look. Chilo fell 197 . This thought was to come to him later. chastise him. It seemed to him that should he remain longer. standing above Vinicius." Ursus. and if ye do riot believe me. saying. his eyes were filled with tears from pain. baptize me twice. and. And if he has offended seven times in the day against thee. letting go the arms of the Greek.final sentence. baptize me again. pity!" cried he. was growing weaker and weaker. another to the sick man. and has turned to thee seven times. "Have mercy on me!" forgive him.—give the letter!" And snatching the tablet which Vinicius handed him. meanwhile. "I am a Christian! Par vobiscum! I am a Christian." Chilo dropped to the ground.

to conduct thee home. he could find no answer to that question. raising his face." "Peace be with thee. I will not. He felt his waist and hips." And after Ursus had gone." Ursus raised him as he might a feather. as if to convince himself that he was living. "What? Thou wilt not kill me?" "No. The Apostle commanded me to lead thee out beyond the gate. pardon me. and began to groan: "Urban — in Christ's name" — But Urban said: "Fear not.with his face to the earth. In the corridor Chilo repeated again in his soul." "Help me to rise. in spite of his conversation at the river with Urban. and in spite of all that he had heard in Ostrianum. and. and placed him on his feet. if strength failed thee. lest thou might go astray in the darkness." said the Greek. I will go farther alone. he breathed with a full breast. "Thou wilt not kill me? Thou wilt not? Take me to the Street. "But why did they not kill me?" And in spite of all his talk with Euricius about Christian teaching. and if I seized thee too roughly and harmed a bone in thee. From there was a passage to the entrance and the street." "What dost thou say?" asked Chilo. and then moved forward with hurried step." "And with thee! and with thee! Let me draw breath. "It is all over with me!" Only when he found himself on the street did he recover and say. 198 . then he conducted him through the dark corridor to the second court. "I can go on alone.

however. True. That those people should treat him as they had. pity was not entirely a stranger to that world to which the young patrician belonged. dress his wounds carefully. taken prisoner in the time of Claudius. The neglect of it was entirely opposed to his spirit. cast up human bodies so frequently in the morning that no one inquired whence they came. And now this passed through his head: that perhaps they had not killed Chilo because the day was among festivals. as. and in the bottom of his soul he was almost as much astonishe& as Chio. in such a case. Calicratus. The Athenians raised an altar to pity. In Rome itself the conquered received pardon sometimes. more to Lygia. But vengeance for a personal wrong seemed to Vinicius. proper and justified.Chapter 25 NEITHER could Vinicius discover the cause of what had happened. And the question thrust itself into his mind: Why did they not kill the Greek? They might have killed him with impunity. He had heard that there are days among various nations on which it is not permitted to begin war even. the Christians had not only the power. that. and opposed for a long time the introduction of gladiatorial combats into Athens. king of the Britons. as to all. did they not deliver the Greek up to justice? Why did the Apostle say that if a man offended seven times. he had heard in Ostrianum that one should love even enemies. But why. and a little. committed by Caesar himself even. True. but the right to kill Chio. and provided for by him bountifully. or was in some period of the moon during which it was not proper for Christians to kill a man. But their conduct with Chilo simply went beyond his understanding of man's power of forgiveness. or borne him in the dark to the Tiber. who. instead of avenging his attack. he ascribed partly to the doctrine which they confessed. dwelt in the city in freedom. to his great significance. To his thinking. he considered as a kind of theory without application in life. Ursus would have buried him in the garden. also. for in-stance. which during that period of nightmurders. 199 . it was necessary to forgive him seven times. and.

that the earthly life connected with the duty of renouncing everything good and rich for the benefit of others must be wretched. At the very thought of how he would act with a man who killed Lygia. "May God forgive thee. It seemed to him that they were sheep which earlier or later must be eaten by wolves. He saw. What reward those people were to receive for this. and live for others. besides the greatest astonishment. Ursus." The other raised his eyes. and through an unbounded love of man. Vinicius. one's happiness and misfortune. Vinicius lost the thread of his thought altogether. placed his hand on his head. who could understand only joy or delight born of vengeance. Next Ursus told how he had conducted Chilo to the street. but he could not understand it. which were full of hope. Could the gladiator holding that office to which he had succeeded only by killing the previous "king. Hearing of this victory. and said. and somewhat as he would on a madman. and had asked forgiveness for the harm which he might have done his bones. — "In thee Christ has triumphed. and as bright with joy as if some great unexpected happiness had been poured on him. This one thing struck him. for all he needed was to kill the king of the grove in Nemi. however. one's wrongs. 200 . So in what he thought of the Christians at that moment. who had the appearance of a slave. as does water in a caldron." resist the man whom Croton could not resist? There was only one answer to all these questions: that they refrained from killing him through a goodness so great that the like of it had not been in the world up to that time. and saw not without internal indignation. there was pity. — Ursus. and it seemed to him that the order of the world was inverted utterly. as I forgive thee"? Chilo had done him the most terrible wrong that one man could do another. He felt. — that after Chilo's departure the faces of all were bright with a certain deep joy. however. and take his place. for this the Apostle blessed him also. looked on him with eyes staring from fever. which commands to forget one's self. who might in fact kill whomever he wished in Rome with perfect impunity. and as it were a shade of contempt. that Lygia pressed her lips of a queen to the hand of that man. for instance. there were no torments which he would not inflict in his vengeance! But Glaucus had forgiven. however. The Apostle approached Glaucus. had forgiven. the heart of Vinicius seethed up. Crispus declared that it was a day of great victory. his Roman nature could yield no recognition to people who let themselves be devoured. Vinicius heard in Ostrianum. too.and why did Glaucus say to Chio.

and followed Lygia with his eyes wherever she went. and 201 . in which Lygia was priestess. like those priestesses who in the night-time sing hymns in honor of the moon. and bent over him to learn if he were sleeping. and said: "Do not raise a hand. as if to incline him to slumber. with teeth chattering from terror. but still cast a light sufficiently clear." Vinicius did not know who that He was. and asked. feeling that she was near. in the form of a tower. in a fainter voice. Vinicius saw the breath coming as steam from their lips. In the midst of them sat the Apostle. — "Then must thou also forgive me?" "We are Christians." "Lygia. she is a priestess. All were sitting in front of the fire warming themselves. I honor Him only because He is thine. to bear her away with him. it is not permitted us to keep anger in the heart. for weakness had mastered him again. but saw her on the summit of the tower. Vinicius." "Only because He is thine. The lamp on the tall staff shone more dimly. but he understood that he himself was going to commit some sacrilege. on a low footstool. farther on. It seemed to him that in some old. Behind was creeping up Chio." Then he moved forward with her. at his knees. as if on a path made to heaven. but in which reality was mingled with feverish dreams." "Thou wilt honor Him in thy heart when thou lovest Him. became conscious. lord." said he. Miriam. She placed her hand over them lightly. He himself was climbing up winding steps. "whoever thy God is. for whom He will take vengeance. but soon he felt more grievously ill than before. and whom he had seen in the Orient. opened his eyes and smiled. "Do not do that. on a path formed by rays from the moon. and he felt a boundless fear also. with a lute in her hands. He could not sleep. and the chamber rather cold. Lygia went out. Here he woke. in which he saw and heard everything which happened around him. At times he fell into a kind of doze. was Lygia. He stretched his hands toward them." repeated Vinicius. and begged both to take him into their company. but returned after a time. He did not take his eyes from her. for the night was chilly.But when Lygia gave him a cooling draught again. A great sweetness seized him then. and he closed his eyes. the Apostle with his silvery beard stood at Lygia's side on a sudden. and with it a more violent fever. Crispus. all in the light. with great effort. she belongs to me. and repeating. Night had come. he held her hand for a moment. Glaucus. and was very ill in reality. But when he went to the balustrade surrounding the summit of the tower. deserted cemetery stood a temple. and looked before him.

and it was clear that a storm was in his soul. like this one. He felt sure also that the old man was speaking of him. The old man was describing the seizure of Christ. dark hair reaching down to his shoulders. 'I am He. and dared not raise a hand on Him.' they fell on the ground." thought Vinicius. Then he sat down. for Lygia had put her finger to her lips. But he breathed loudly. he listened to Peter's words. and long. Peter placed his palm on his forehead. they answered. that the gray-haired man there." When he had spoken thus far. drawing a sword to defend Him. Vinicius gazed at Peter with a certain superstitious awe. Hence. while he told something in an undertone. wishing before he went further to stop the crowd of his recollections. but the heart in me was seething. 'Put thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father has given me. But he was mistaken altogether. and exclaimed: "No matter what happened. I cut an ear from the servant of the high-priest. and servants of the priest to seize Him. hardly inferior to that terror which he felt during the fever dream. "They live only through that name. a youth with a handsome face. I —" He stopped suddenly. I would have defended Him more than my own life had He not said to me. trimmed the light on the staff till the sparks scattered in golden rain and the flame shot up with more vigor. stretched his hands toward the fire and continued: — "The night was cold. freshly come from distant shores. When the Saviour asked whom they were seeking. and every head was turned toward him. perhaps telling how to separate him from Lygia. But Ursus. so. Only after the second inquiry did they seize Him. shall I not drink it?' Then they seized and bound Him. on one side Ursus. that act 202 .' But when He said to them. for it seemed to him impossible that any one could speak of aught else. sprang to his feet. 'Jesus of Nazareth. Lygia listened with eyes raised to the Apostle.at the edge. unable to restrain himself. on the other Miriam's son Nazarius. The thought passed through his mind that that dream had touched truth. and though he was ready at all times to kiss the feet of the Apostle. and take her somewhere away by unknown paths. for the Apostle was speaking of Christ again. would take Lygia from him really. and was silent." Here the Apostle stopped. "A company came. collecting all his presence of mind.

but Peter saved the drowning time after time. if he had been with Him on that night — Oi! splinters would have shot from the soldiers. the air was filled with the odor of nard. and hindered the salvation of man. But Vinicius was overpowered by a new feverish. and said. the water grew smoother. as numerous as those which were collected in Ostrianum. The crowd began to sing sweet hymns. The wind hurled waves in his eyes. Tears came to his eyes at the very thought of this. and the officials. who turned his boat. then. and because of his sorrow and mental struggle. and called with entreating voice for rescue. — and on the other. he began to sink. For this reason he could not keep back his tears. — splendid fellows. the light became greater. of that day in which Christ appeared on the shore of the sea of Tiberius. and reached an oar. I will lead thee!" and she led him to the light. waking dream. and resumed the narrative. on it the boat of a fisherman. as to how Christ had appeared on the lake once. in the whirl only the hands of a few could be seen. What he heard now was in his mind mixed up with what the Apostle had told the night previous in Ostrianum. and he was afraid that they would sink to the bottom. the servants of the priest. After a while Peter took his palm from his forehead. the play of water formed a rainbow. for on the one hand he thought that he would not only have defended the Redeemer. Vinicius wondered how they could find place there. These dream pictures of Vinicius were blended again with descriptions which he had heard in Ostrianum. He himself was moving with all his might after that boat. But Lygia pacified him by showing him a light on the distant shore toward which they were sailing. but pain in his broken arm prevented him from reaching it. It seemed to him. and gathered them into his boat. and as he approached it the weather grew calmer. 203 . Lygia took his hand then. He saw a sheet of water broadly spread out. as if from the bottom of the lake lilies and roses were looking. So that he saw now in that light on the shore a certain form toward which Peter was steering. and in the boat Peter and Lygia.was one he could not accept. Lygia knelt down then before the Apostle. Soon crowds filled it. but would have called Lygians to his aid. and saw a multitude of people sailing after them. Waves covered their heads with foam. which grew larger. "Come. and then still greater crowds. and at last the boat struck its breast safely against the sand. which Vinicius seized: with their assistance he entered the boat and fell on the bottom of it. from the lips of the Apostle. as if by a miracle. if he had acted thus he would have disobeyed the Redeemer. if some one in his presence had raised hands on the Redeemer. that he stood up.

It was easy to divine that she must be wearied. He looked at her profile. and had busied herself the whole day in nursing him. that if all the others had gone to rest. he could not separate her from the religion which she confessed. thinking of Lygia. — "I am with thee. and was astonished not to find him. sitting not far from his bedside. immensely pure. his statuesque form. she was the only one watching. But that thought. was disagreeable to him. but his dreaming ceased slowly. 204 .Vinicius woke again. and he did not recover at once the sense of reality. not knowing the reason himself." "I saw thy soul in a dream. brought him completely to his senses. — in a word for reasons because of which more than once snow-white Grecian and Roman arms had been wound around his neck. and. and she alone were watching. new likings. something would be lacking in her. at which there was no one at that time. He would rather that Lygia acted thus out of love for him. but. but the splinters of pine. He understood. were she like other women. that. Vinicius knew not whether she was sleeping or sunk in thought. Olive sticks were burning slowly under the rosy ashes. in which a soul has its dwelling. The bright light from the chimney. It seemed for a time to 'him that he was still on the lake. He was amazed. for he saw that new feelings of some kind were rising in him. among which. new. his face. and surrounded by crowds. and in the light of this." replied he. seeing that Vinicius was gazing at her. strange to the world in which he had lived hitherto. shot up a bright flame. Still he felt all at once. She opened her eyes then. his eyes. she approached him and said. at her drooping lashes. He could not bring himself so far as to call it Christian. and in his pagan head the idea began to hatch with difficulty that at the side of naked beauty. He remembered that she had spent the night before in Ostrianum. for while sitting motionless her eyes were closed. and now when all had gone to rest. there is another in the world. she whom he had injured. Vinicius saw Lygia. even. it was because her religion commanded her to watch. at her hands lying on her knees. and knew not what was happening in him. confident. The sight of her touched him to the depth of his soul. which evidently had been put there some moments before. which filled him with wonder for the religion. and proud of Greek and Roman symmetry. he began to look for Petronius.

smiling in a manner almost friendly. than with a slave. who wished to question Ursus touching Lygia's birthplace. and seeking live coals beneath them. — "With us there are no slaves." On Vinicius." 205 . It seemed to him that a whispered conversation had roused him. for discourse with a free though a common man was less disagreeable to his Roman and patrician pride. Ursus. which resembled the back of a Cyclops. "Hei. and. When he had finished. he began to blow. in whom neither law nor custom recognized human nature. I serve Callina. "By Pollux! if the other Lygians are like this one." thought Vinicius. was raking apart the gray ashes. of my own will. "She has gone out. When he found some. "Thanks to Mercury that my neck was not broken by him. to blow the coals. as I served her mother. not with his mouth. and I am to cook food for thee. She watched over thee the whole night. but I am a free man. slave!" Ursus drew his head out of the chimney. and his limbs strong as columns. not a slave. Lygia was not there. and good health. the Danubian legions will have heavy work some time!" But aloud he said. said. remembering how that man had crushed Croton the day before. stooping before the chimney. examined with attention befitting a lover of the arena his gigantic back. he took it out and said." "Where is Lygia?" inquired Vinicius. but with a cool head and free of fever. — "God give thee a good day. these words produced a certain pleasant impression. on which he had placed some wood. lord. but as it were with the bellows of a blacksmith.Chapter 26 NEXT morning he woke up weak. Vinicius. lord." Here he hid his head again in the chimney. "Then thou dost not belong to Aulus?" asked he. but when he opened his eyes. "No.

thou wouldst not be living. To those uncommon and improbable things which had met him since yesterday. He knew only that the Lygians had beaten the Suevi and the Yazygi. and it is for me to obey. 206 . therefore. a king's daughter?" Pride boiled up. he inquired about the war of the Lygians against Vannius and the Suevi. but to blame him in addition. When news came that an embassy of Lygians had visited Pomponius. in Vinicius. lord. "Why didst thou raise thy hand against her. Ursus wished to return with her to their own country. which had remained pagan evidently. however." "But Atacinus and Croton?" "I could not do otherwise. though his soul had accepted the cross." said he at last. The Roman commander knew not what to do with the child. that no ambassadors had been there. at the first moment. But being weak and without his slaves. Ursus was glad to converse. and in that way they remained in the camp. but that their leader and king had fallen from the arrows of the Yazygi." muttered Ursus. When they came to him they learned. lord. Afterward Lygia's mother died. for he had attended the hostages to the camp of Atelius Hister. And he looked with regret on his hands. especially since a wish to learn some details of Lygia's life gained the upper hand in him. offering him aid against the Marcomani. who ordered at first to give them kingly honors. Ursus had not been in battle. and the hostages remained with Atelius. but could not add much that was new to what in his time Aulus Plautius had told. "That was thy fault." Here his eyes grew gloomy. was added another. and at the conclusion of his triumph he gave the king's daughter to Pomponia Graecina. and fixed his thoughtful eyes on the fire."Why didst thou not relieve her?" "Because she wished to watch. Christ has not commanded us to kill. Immediately after they received news that the Semnones had set fire to forests on their boundaries." "Art thou sorry for not having killed me?" "No. because a common man and a barbarian had not merely dared to speak to him thus familiarly. Then be put a pot on the crane. whence Pomponius took them to Rome. Hister sent him with Lygia to Pomponius. he restrained himself. they returned in haste to avenge the wrong. and after a while he added: "If I had disobeyed her. When he had calmed himself. but the road was unsafe because of wild beasts and wild tribes.

We fear neither them nor the Roman Caesar. he put near the fire the vessel with food for Vinicius." replied Ursus. then he poured it into a shallow plate. he listened with pleasure. said. for. for a time yet. Callina has commanded me to give thee food. cooling it properly.Though only certain small details of this narrative had been unknown to Vinicius. "and where there are no Romans. "We live in the woods. — "Glaucus advises thee. His thoughts wandered evidently. and. for Christus was born far away. mushrooms. and guarded Him." Here he fixed the fire. the Vandals. and was silent." Thus speaking. — "When Caesar took Callina to the palace. Ursus. there is no supremacy. And Lygians would have moved toward the Danube. with simplicity." said he. There are also wooden towns in the forest. the Marcomani. they burn our forests. "The gods are evil spirits. it possessed an immense force of warriors. so that He might have comfort and plenty. lord. and the Quadi plunder through the world. but if He had come to the world with us. for his enormous pride of family was pleased that an eye-witness had confirmed Lygia's royal descent. There I should have given them 'good tidings. And what we plundered from the Suevi and the Marcomani we would have given Him. for what the Semnones." 207 . and I thought that harm might meet her. I wanted to go to the forest and bring Lygians to help the king's daughter. and said. in the forests. we take from them." said Vinicius severely. and they have not even heard of Him. had not warred with Rome so far. so that never should He want for game. for they are virtuous people though pagan. if ever Callina returns to Pomponia Gra~cina I will bow down to her for permission to go to them. in answer to Vinicius. As a king's daughter she might occupy a position at Caesar's court equal to the daughters of the very first families. moreover. in which there is great plenty. though barbarian. all the more since the nation whose ruler her father had been. through the Lygian wildernesses. We would have taken care of the Child. They dare not come to us. as if to himself.' But as it is. to move even thy sound arm as little as possible. till the liquid began to boil." "The gods gave Rome dominion over the earth. we would not have tortured Him to death. beaver-skins. or amber. and. it might become terrible. according to Atelius Hister himself. but when the wind blows from their side. He knew better than I where He should be born. that is certain. confirmed this completely. and there are many people on it. "but we have so much land that no man knows where the end is.

and which yielded only to elephants in size and strength. sitting on the edge of the bed. that Vinicius could not believe his own eyes. for the first time in life. sitting near his bed. — "I was just preparing to sleep. He uttered not a word. but she answered joyously. — "Li! it would be easier to lead an aurochs out of a snare. but in the confusion and impulse of desires he felt also that that was a head 208 . It did not even come to Vinicius's head to oppose her will. "I will assist directly. as it seemed. and Ursus. rushing on him like a storm. began to upbraid her for not thinking of sleep yet. but first I will take the place of Ursus. a barbarian. the warmth of her body struck him. When she inclined toward him. just as if she had been the daughter of Cirsar or a goddess. He had seen in circuses the terrible urus." The anxiety of the Lygian amused Vinicius. and. for she was in a single close tunic. "1 must ask Miriam or Nazarius. Vinicius. and. could not think him the same terrible Titan who the day before had crushed Croton. "but after that it happened." said she. After a few fruitless efforts the giant was troubled greatly. began to give food to Vinicius." answered Ursus. covering the breast completely. and a servant? But Ursus proved to be a nurse as awkward as painstaking." said he. against which the most daring bestiarii went with dread. with astonishment. The young patrician. and her unbound hair fell on his breast. would have torn him to pieces but for Lygia's pity. took out the liquid with a small cup. He did this so carefully. and her hair was unbound. and put it to his mouth. whose heart beat with more quickness at sight of her. therefore. "Till the twentieth winter passed over me." And he began to feed Vinicius still more awkwardly than before." She took the cup. called by the ancients capitium. But now Lygia's pale face appeared from behind the curtaiil. but his remark did not interest hit-n less. in which she had been preparing to sleep.Lygia commanded! There was no answer to that. He grew pale from the impression. the cup was lost among his herculean fingers so completely that there was no place left for the mouth of the sick man. brought from wildernesses of the north. and with such a kindly smile. began to ponder over this: What can take place in the breast of a simple man. "Hast thou tried to take such beasts by the horns?" inquired he. who felt at once overcome and delighted. and said. I was afraid. And after a while she came from the cubiculum.

" "Why?" inquired Vinicius. that a lie has never passed my lips." "Do not address me in that way. that she would not go to rest till Glaucus came. even from a distance. lord. soon after my flight and before his departure for Naples. therefore I have not seen Pomponia from the hour when I left her house. his heart rose with increasing delight. through Acte. return to Pomponia Graecina. — "Enough! Go to rest. as thou dost not. unconditional egotist. in comparison with which the whole world was nothing. therefore. But I know now that I wished to attain thee by a false way. what has happened to her. who thought only of himself. Such is the religion on which we fashion our hearts. and though he found inexhaustible delight in her presence and in looking at her. a blind. Thou wilt not understand this. hence I say. like all people of that time. "it is not proper for me to hear such words. "We Christians know. summoned Aulus and Pomponia. Before that." Her face became sad on a sudden. and said that sleep had fled from her. at present he began to think of her." said he. what is done on the Palatine. he said. He listened to her words as to music. and we do not know. O Vinicius. but I cannot return to her now. I swear to thee now that we did not help her to escape.dear above all and magnified above all. now he began to love her with a full breast. however.' Caesar believed. "I should be happy. after a moment of silence. thinking that they had helped me. he refused further nourishment. and be assured that in future no hand will be raised against thee. "Lygia." answered Lygia." answered she. After a while. 'Thou knowest. so that she might take an oath boldly at all times that she has no knowledge of me. with astonishment. but it is not permitted us to lie. and afterward forgot. and his thought was struggling to show her that gratitude. perhaps. Hast thou not heard that Caesar. From time to time distant echoes barely reach her that I am alive and not in danger." 209 . he had been. By the advice of the elders I have never written to mother where I am. my divine one. as generally in life and in feeling. "could I look at her. At first he had desired her. threatened them with his anger? Fortunately Aulus was able to say to him. increasing gratitude. and. "I did not know thee hitherto. even in a question involving life." She smiled at him. that she felt no toil.

— "I know that Pomponia." "I heard those teachings in Ostrianum. and shall return. or would remember thee. even to show that his will must be obeyed. Nero would hear of it surely through his slaves. — the exchange of a lower for a higher happiness. and punish Aulus and Pomponia." "I say to thee. no sufferings. and answered. if he took thee from Aulus and Pomponia. and said." "Look at us! For us there are no partings. purifies our souls from hatred. and I have seen how ye acted with me and with Chilo. to return to her. "One who confesses Christ cannot be unhappy. It is true that he only forgot thee. but mine. And death itself. — "No. too." answered Lygia. He would do so. he would send thee to mc and I could give thee back to them. or if they come they are turned into pleasure. and promises happiness inexhaustible after death. but she calmed herself quickly. I spoke like a fool! 210 ." answered Vinicius. He set his teeth. Perhaps. is for us merely its beginning." "Yes. But answer me this question: Art thou happy?" "I am. and her eyes were moist with tears. Caesar does not like the Plautiuses. "Christ is your consolation." "True. — "No." answered Vinicius. because the loss was not his. "And hast thou no wish to return to Pomponia?" "I should like. which for you is the end of life. no pains. as though what she said passed every measure of human understanding. therefore." Vinicius looked at her. but I do not understand that. I cannot expose those near me to danger. they are like a dream. a happiness less calm for one calmer and eternal. Thou art right.Here a longing seized Lygia." Lygia thought for a moment. yearns for me. and it seems to me that I ought not to believe my ears or eyes. Consider what must a religion be which enjoins on us love even for our enemies. Should I return — thou knowest how every news is spread throughout Rome by slaves — my return would be noised about in the city. wouldst thou see me again on the Palatine?" inquired Lygia." "Vinicius. — at least take me from them a second time. and I swear by my lares that I will not raise a hand against thee. "that would be possible. but we have consolation which others have not. return. when I remember your deeds. from my whole soul. and answered. frowning. forbids falsehood. if such be God's will.

sorrow seized him. Thou art dearer to me than the whole world. himself. for the very same reason. Dost thou remember our conversations at the house of Aulus? Once thou didst draw a fish for me on the sand. And under the influence of that sorrow he began to speak: "Dost thou know that thou art happier than I? Thou art in poverty. that in such times only Christians could be happy. arid in this one chamber. The terrors of the time in which they lived showed themselves to Vinicius in all their monstrous extent. too. I sought thee. was as nothing. a powerful man. with its separations and sufferings. for the first time in life. all-mighty and allmerciful. and when I lacked thee I was like a beggar without a roof above him and without bread. Dost thou remember how we played ball? I loved thee then above life. All others had to tremble before him. Thou sittest near me. He was a patrician. and Aulus. through fear that the monster would remember her. He understood also this. as it were without bottom. and 211 . Had it not been for the hope of finding thee. frightened us with Libitina. But above all. and thou had5t begun already to divine that I loved thee.No!" And all at once he saw before him a precipice. but I have only thee. at parting. if he should take her as wife. he might expose her. Only such people as the Christians might cease to reckon with Nero or fear him. told Petronius that God is one. that it was he who had so involved his own life and Lygia's that out of the complication there was scarcely an outcome. but it did not even occur to us that Christ was thy God and hers. He could not return Lygia to Aulus and Pomponia. — people for whom this whole world. and beggars. for I could not live without thee. foreigners. then. and interrupted our talk. that either the world must change and be transformed. Pomponia. I have lived so far only in the hope of finding and beholding thee. or life would become impossible altogether. people for whom death itself was as nothing. I should have cast myself on a sword. but above every power of that world to which he belonged was a madman whose will and malignity it was impossible to foresee. thou hast thy religion and thy Christ. I speak the pure truth in saying that I shall not be able to live without thee. and turn on her his anger. a military tribune. But I fear death. A moment of ill-humor was enough to ruin all. for if dead I could not see thee. Vinicius felt. Let Him give thee to me and I will love Him. which a moment before had been dark to him. I wished neither feasts nor sleep. though He seems to me a god of slaves. for he understood. Aulus came. and I knew not what its meaning was. among simple people.

and when she felt this. he. thou thrice divine! Thou knowest not. which she could not forget. give thee honor. and that feeling of his submission and her own power filled her with happiness. Think of me too. and such as she would have loved with her whole soul. But he spoke from the depth of his soul. but still he gave them official honor. as a whirlwind. full of homage and submissive. and at the same time with pain in his eagle face. soul and body. He was for her again that splendid Vinicius. he from whose embraces Ursus had wrested her on the Palatine. It was to be felt that the pain. Blessed be thy father and mother. broken by love. having lost self-control. blessed the land which produced thee! I should wish to embrace thy feet and pray to thee. as he might have wrested her from flames. he placed his hand on his pale forehead and closed his eyes. offerings. how I love thee. a courtier of Nero! Moreover he took part in his profligacy and madness. and homage accumulated in his breast had burst forth at last in an irresistible torrent of words. But at present. desire. therefore dearer than he had ever been before. perhaps. she had the same impression that he had a moment before. loving. and made offerings to vile gods. and at the same time to 212 . like a man who. and sincerely. Still more he had pursued her to make her his slave and mistress. To Lygia his words appeared blasphemous. like a slave. For me thou alone art a divinity. — that she was standing on the edge of a precipice. She could not resist pity for him and his suffering. beautiful as a pagan god. with ecstasy. His nature never knew bounds in love or anger. she felt that that unbending and dangerous man belonged to her now." Thus speaking. and he went with others to the temples. in whom he did not believe. — he seemed to her such as she would have wished him. a soldier. as was shown by that feast. ecstasy. but still her heart began to beat as if it would tear the tunic enclosing her bosom. homage. with pale forehead and imploring eyes. and roused as if from sleep her heart half childlike at that time. who in the house of Aulus had spoken to her of love. — wounded. He spoke with enthusiasm. Her recollections revived in one moment. She was moved by the homage with which he spoke to her. or I shall hate Him. or canst not know. All at once she understood that a moment might come in which his love would seize her and bear her away. has no wish to observe any measure in words or feelings.thinkest of Him only. She felt beloved and deified without bounds. Was it for this that she had left the house of Aulus? Was it for this that she had saved herself by flight? Was it for this that she had hidden so long in wretched parts of the city? Who was that Vinicius? An Augustian.

truly Roman and wolfish. she was seized by alarm for her own future and her own heart. was trampling crowds of Christians with his chariot wreathed in roses." 213 . pressing her to his bosom. but if Lygia had any illusions as to this. At this moment of internal struggle appeared Glaucus. She went away at last filled with internal care and anxiety. Formerly in her prayers she had offered to Christ a heart calm. and really pure as a tear. He had changed only for her. and when Glaucus questioned him. but still he had just said to her that if she would think more of Christ than of him. whispered "Come with us. at the head of a whole band of Augustians. he was ready to hate Christ. — those illusions must vanish. Even sleep. In the twinkle of an eye. and Vinicius seized her by the arm. but beyond that single feeling there remained in his breast the former harsh and selfish heart. anger and impatience were reflected on the face of Vinicius. and gladiators. who had come to care for the patient and study his health. He seemed changed. luxury. It seemed to Lygia that the very idea of any other love than the love of Christ was a sin against Him and against religion. and dishonor which calls for the anger and vengeance of God. drew her to the quadriga.thrust her into that terrible world of excess. It is true that he moderated himself quickly. crime. — that what he had heard in Ostrianum might have acted on his unyielding nature. it is true. incapable not only of the sweet sentiment of Christian teaching but even of gratitude. and. in spite of the two nights passed without sleep. Now that calmness was disturbed. bacchantes. When she saw then that other feelings and desires might be roused in the depth of her soul. brought her no relief. She dreamed that at Ostrianum Nero. To the interior of the flower a poisonous insect had come and began to buzz. corybantes. He was angry that his conversation with Lygia had been interrupted. he answered with contempt almost.

the more compassion she had for him. that only love for him and the charm which he exerted were attracting her. Soon she observed. which was intensified daily. his voice was becoming dearer. delight filled her heart. and that in trying to break through it she entangled herself more and more. and when she thought of this. too. But at the same time conscience told her that she was tempting herself. that by conversing with him. Thus she lived in a ceaseless struggle. she felt at once guilty and happy. At times it seemed that a kind of net surrounded her. and anger. second. she wept all the night following. that he suffered and dared not complain. She saw that Vinicius followed her with imploring glance. She had also to confess that for her the sight of him was becoming more needful. to dry them with kisses.Chapter 27 FROM that moment Lygia showed herself more rarely in the common chamber. and by this itself the more tender were the feelings which rose in her. In his conversations with Glaucus there was less pride. When at moments his eyes flashed with petulance. and looked with alarm at her. nothing else. and that she had to struggle with all her might against the wish to sit at his bedside. as if to implore pardon. At times she said to herself that it was her special duty to be near him always. and full of self-contempt. Vinicius. Terrified by that thought. that he was waiting for every word of hers. Never had she such a feeling of being greatly loved as then. that the more she tried to avoid him. had changed essentially. she might attract him to the faith. he restrained those flashes promptly. But peace did not return to her. because the religion of God commands return of good for evil. This acted stifi more on her. When she approached him. On a certain day she noticed traces of tears on his eyelids. lest he might turn her away from him. that she alone was his health and delight. self-will. and he grew radiant. He was as endurmg as if he had made a vow of patience. And then her heart swelled with compassion. Peace left her. as for a favor. It occurred to him frequently 214 . and approached his couch less frequently. and for the first time in life the thought came to her. first. too.

it is true. and only after a while did he say. For Vinicius. After a time he conceived a liking for Ursus. however. Vinicius might be indignant for a moment. His merit with regard to Nazarius was less. higher a hundred times than those around her: nevertheless. he began to observe simple and poor people. but once when he brought her two quails. he could not endure. on returning to his villa. — "Pardon me. but I know that Nazarius is a Christian and my brother. for with him he could talk about Lygia. for he had disaccustomed her to similar outbursts. but he could not be jealous of 215 . he promised him. and when Nazarius went out to get water for the birds. which he had bought in the market with his own earned money. who surrounded him with attention.— "Lygia. canst thou endure that he should give thee gifts? Dost thou not know that the Greeks call people of his nation Jewish dogs?" "I do not know what the Greeks call them. He had restrained his aversion for a long time." When she had said this she looked at Vinicius with astonishment and regret. Lygia understood what such victories over himself must have cost him. throttled the anger within him. however. and Crispus. — and he discovered in them various traits the existence of which he had never suspected. He was astonished at such thoughts. for whom one who had wandered in from a strange people had less worth than the meanest worm. For me thou art the daughter of a king and the adopted child of Plautius. he grew terribly pale. but he had them. He restrained himself. Nazarius. old Miriam. however. with whom he conversed entire days. of which he had a garden full. he said. but the oftener he gained them the more her heart turned to him. so as not to tell her that he would have given command to beat such a brother with sticks. whom he saw absorbed in continual prayer. When he heard Lygia's thanks. the gift of a pair of peacocks or flamingoes.that even that poor slave physician and that foreign woman. the descendant of the Quiites spoke out in Vinicius. he began to show him also some attachment. and he set his teeth. Lygia. for it seemed to him that the Young lad had dared to fall in love with Lygia. and while performing the most simple services for the sick man. on his part. was inexhaustible in narrative. than she supposed." And he subdued himself to that degree that when Nazarius appeared in the chamber again. The giant. were still human. Lygia had been at all times a being of another order. or would have sent him as a compeditus 1 to dig earth in his Sicilian vineyards. — a thing which he had never done before.

the more he was astonished at the superhuman power of that religion which changed the souls of men to their foundations. Had C~csar. But that religion. Greater struggles must the young tribune have with himself to submit. and the whole series of thoughts which had come to his head from that time. an epoch would come recalling that in which not Jupiter. he was a child yet. his whole character and understanding of life. He was simply unable to imagine how he could exist were he to accept it. In fact the son of Miriam did not. but the order of things was good. the more he returned to health. The eye-witnesses who spoke of them were too trustworthy and despised falsehood too much to let him suppose that they were telling things that had not happened. He feared and admired it. He understood that in it there was something uncommon. every distinction. besides. in his eyes. He did not dare either to doubt the supernatural origin of Christ. That was in every case a religion which Lygia believed. that religion seemed to him opposed to the existing state of things. but as to accepting it. As regarded him personally. On the other hand. or His resurrection. the more he remembered the whole series of events which had happened since that night at Ostrianum. or could they recognize a whole herd of conquered nations as equal to themselves? That was a thought which could find no place in the head of a patrician. In this regard wonderful things took place in Vinicius. Vinicius. but of men like Thrasea. Roman peace and supremacy were good. something which had not been on earth before. Afterward. not of insignificant libertines. what more could one wish? Nay. but Saturn had ruled. to that honor with which among those people the name of Christ and His religion was surrounded. had the Senate been composed. that religion was opposed to all his ideas and habits. According to him. and mad in a degree beyond all others. however. hence for that single reason he was ready to receive it. all supremacy. impossible of practice. or the other miracles. Finally. and he felt that could it embrace the whole world. if he loved Lygia. therefore. for example. stood before a kind of marvellous puzzle which he could not solve. been an honest man. people in Rome and in the whole world might be bad. distinction among people just and proper. could it ingraft on the world its love and charity. loved her unconsciously and servilely. who. but believed in miracles. Roman scepticism permitted disbelief in the gods. What would happen then to the dominion and lordship of Rome? Could the Romans cease to rule. according to the understanding of Vinicius. would destroy all order. He 216 . his nature shuddered at that.him. even in silence. mean much more than a dog.

Lygia saw what was happening in him. rose on his sound arm and placed his head on her knees suddenly. and when he thought of this. She recalled Pomponia Graecina and Aulus. discreet Aulus had not become a Christian under the influence of the wise and perfect Pomponia. compassion. And that moment breath failed in her breast. she tried to 217 . however. But Lygia saw with terror that that sentence of condemnation which hung over him instead of making him repulsive made him still dearer simply through compassion. And then he wished anew to love Christ. she saw how he was breaking himself. And he understood clearly that he must either love or hate Him. "Thou art life!" said he. that nothing save that religion separated him from Lygia. Lygia began now to understand better that pain. unexplained beauty which in his heart had produced. For Pomponia a source of ceaseless sorrOw and tears that never dried was the thought that beyond the grave she would not find Aulus. he knew not how to choose. a certain quiver of ecstasy rushed over her from head to feet. she was self-deceived. it is true. having grown stronger at that time. At times. presence of mind left her. and she was threatened by eternal separation from this dear one. Still he acknowledged to himself that it had adorned Lygia with that exceptional. and paid silent honor for this sole reason. he bowed his head. to that God by him uncomprehended. besides love. She too had found a being dear to her. — that for him there was neither hope nor salvation. he hated it with all the powers of his soul. that He was Lygia's God. and though this mortified her to the death. he. If the thoughtful. and gratitude for the silent respect which he showed Christ inclined her heart to him with irresistible force. or rather there was only one. and had made of that same Lygia a being dear to him l~eyond all others in the world. homage. thinking that his soul would open itself to Christ's teaching.understood. respect. when she had sat near him and told him that outside Christian truth there was no life. how his nature was rejecting that religion. Vinicius a Christian! — These two ideas could find no place together in her unenlightened head. besides desire. Meanwhile two opposing currents were as if driving him: he hesitated in thoughts. but once. At moments the wish seized her to speak to him of his dark future. She knew and understood him too well. he could not remain indifferent. how could Vinicius become one? To this there was no answer. Seizing his temples with her hands. pity. finally. in feelings. that bitterness. but these illusions could not remain.

" 218 . would thou hadst died. if not to that abyss and to that Sodom in which he himself is living. and before thou oppose the Saviour. She spent the night after that evening without sleep. an old man. his copartner in crime and profligacy. and for a moment both were overcome with delight. with a flame in her veins and a giddiness in her head. with themselves. opened her whole soul to him. in tears and in prayer. and hast loved the son of darkness. covered with ivy and withered vines. but that was the drop which overflowed the cup filled already to the brim. but he had no words of forgiveness for that love. Whither will he lead thee. and with love. He wanted to offer her to Him as a pearl. consented to the plan of leaving Miriam's house. gloomily. and. whom he had confirmed in the faith.raise him. since she could not trust herself longer. to his thinking sinful. Crispus. the precious work of his own hands. hence the disappointment which he felt filled him with grief and amazement. whom he had guarded since the time of her flight. but which God will destroy with the flame of His anger? But I say to thee. God died on the cross to redeem thy soul with His blood. and on whom he looked now as a white lily grown up on the field of Christian teaching undefiled by any earthly breath. which urged them the one to the other. "Flee before the evil spirit who involved thee bring thee to utter fall. but thou hart opened thy heart to impure desire. God saved thee by a miracle of His own hands. "Go and beg God to forgive thy fault. imploring him at the same time to let her leave Miriam's house. but thou hart preferred to love him who wished to make thee his concubine." said he. but Lygia understood that now she herself needed rescue. calling Crispus to the garden summer-house. with the feeling that she was unworthy to pray and could not be heard. and could not overcome her heart's love for Vinicius. Next morning she went from the cubiculum early. could have found a place in her soul for love other than heavenly. His heart swelled with indignation at the very thought that Lygia. whom he had loved. He had believed hitherto that nowhere in the world did there beat a heart more purely devoted to the glory of Christ. but bent the while so that her lips touched his hair. would the walls of this house had fallen on thy head before that serpent had crept into thy bosom and beslimed it with the poison of iniquity. Who is he? The friend and servant of Antichrist. severe and absorbed in endless enthusiasm. a jewel. Vinicius did not divine how dearly he would have to pay f or that happy moment. Lygia rose at last and rushed away.

called cilicium. She had judged even that the old presbyter. hearing the loud voice of Crispus. which was green alike in summer and winter. To him it seemed nothing that the maiden had remained pure. Peter's companion had an emaciated face. O Lord!' but thou hart preferred to offer it to the servant of the evil one. for a mantle of coarse woollen stuff. May God forgive thee and have mercy on thee. for thou hast gone as it were to a quagmire which has poisoned thy soul with its miasma. which she had not suspected hitherto. Thou mightst have offered it to Christ as a costly vessel. ugly and at the same time inspired. Crispus recognized the features of Paul of Tarsus. Crispus had wished to transform her into an angel. would show some compassion. "but thou hast deceived the Saviour also. who from the moment of her flight from the Palatine had been to her as a father. he had reddened eyelids and a crooked nose. I who held thee as chosen—" But he ceased suddenly to speak. 219 . one of whom was Peter the Apostle. which was growing bald. for he saw that they were not alone. The very thought of that filled his heart with horror. Crispus rubbed her into the dust. The other he was unable to recognize at once. It seemed to Crispus for a moment that that was Chilo. that she had confessed it with compunction and penitence. he saw two men. showed her all the misery and insignificance of her soul. and strengthen her.And he was borne away more and more. he struggled still with himself not to utter them. that she wished to flee from that love. They. and she had fallen in love with an Augustian. No. but he shook his emaciated hands over the terrified gil. Through the withered vines and the ivy. "I offer my pain and disappointment to God. his head. Lygia felt guilty. and in particular for women. give her courage. and would lessen her fault. for Lygia's fault filled him not only with anger but with loathing and contempt for human nature in general. 'Fill it with grace. She had judged even that withdrawal from Miriam's house would be her victory over temptation." said he. Words of horror burned his lips like glowing coals. but not to that degree. he could not forgive her. was covered at the sides with curly hair. console her. strengthened by a feeling of disillusion and disappointment. for till thou cast out the serpent. to raise her to heights where love for Christ alone existed. and said to Him. in the face. whom even Christian truth could not save from Eve's weakness. entered the summer-house and sat on a stone bench. no. concealed a part of his face.

and to beg even a little compassion. and blessed love between man and woman?" Crispus's hands dropped. From his face there shone a goodness beyond that of earth. lest he bring thee to sin. as if wishing to seek refuge near them. and do not weep. he placed both hands on her head. with sobbing. avoid him. at a wedding. "Peace to your souls!" said Peter. dost thou think that Christ. embraced Peter's feet. who is as pure as a lily of the field?" Lygia nestled up more urgently to the feet of Peter. and which called for God's vengeance. raising his eyes." said he. her desire to flee from Miriam's house. when he had listened to the end. which was covered with tears. and said to her. bent down and placed his aged hand on her head. and said. Do not suffer. The Apostle raised her face. — and his sorrow that a soul which he had thought to offer to Christ pure as a tear had defiled itself with earthly feelings for a sharer in all those crimes into which the pagan world had sunk. and he looked with astonishment on the speaker.Lygia." When he had said this. would turn from this maiden. and know that there is no sin in thy love. "but I thought that by admitting to her heart an earthly love she had denied Christ. and who forgave the public sinner. this will be accounted to thee as a merit. sheltering her tortured head in the fold of his mantle." 220 . Crispus began then to narrate all that Lygia had confessed to him. Lygia during his speech embraced with increasing force the feet of the Apostle. blessed her. and. And seeing the child at his feet he asked what had happened. after sorrow will come days of gladness. understanding that she had not sought refuge in vain. remained thus in silence. for I tell thee that the grace of the Redeemer has not deserted thee. who permitted Mary of Magdala to lie at his feet.— "Crispus. then he raised his eyes to the old presbyter.— "Crispus. But the Apostle. And since it is thy wish to avoid temptation. "I have sinned against mercy. but pray for him. After a moment's silence Peter asked again. and that thy prayers will be heard. without power to utter one word. The penitent Crispus began humbly to explain himself. and. hast thou not heard that our beloved Master was in Cana. — 'While the eyes of him whom thou lovest are not open to the light of truth. as if from despair. — her sinful love. casting herself on her knees.

who was to stir the world to its foundations and gather in lands and nations. pointing to himself." concluded Crispus. To Crispus that diminutive hunchback seemed then that which he was in reality." And he rose." "Christ softened harder hearts than his. placed his finger on his breast. Then Paul of Tarsus. my superior. who had been silent so far." answered Peter. — "I am he who persecuted and hurried servants of Christ to their death. so that it may bring forth a bountiful harvest." replied Peter. where first I resided as a prisoner. And now when Peter. I am he who wished to root out the truth in every part of the inhabited earth. "and still He forgave me. in Greece. and in this godless city. on the Islands. I have declared it in Judea." "And because. — a giant. which the Lord will fertilize. and commanded me to feed His sheep. and yet the Lord predestined me to declare it in every land."I denied Him thrice. I am he who during the stoning of Stephen kept the garments of those who stoned him. and said. I enter this house to bend that proud head to the feet of Christ. has summoned me. "Vinicius is an Augustian. and cast a grain of seed in that stony field. 221 .

but everything which has happened astonishes me in the highest degree. vici (I came. I conquered). finally. I could not believe my eyes when I read that the Lygian giant killed Croton as easily as a Caledonian dog would kill a wolf in the defiles of Hibernia. since thou art wounded. I fled). who care for few things on earth except my own person. for there are many points which I cannot understand. I will tell thee plainly. Learn from the Lygian if he is an exception. have muscles covered with fat. and the son of a consul. Wonder not that I. I must gain a nearer acquaintance with that Lygian. though large. fugi (I came. Bodies really athletic are becoming rarer in Italy and in Greece. the subsequent flight of Lygia. that I understand neither the Christians nor thee nor Lygia. that peculiar sadness and disquiet which breathes from thy short letter. Explain. "But praise to the gods of the Orient and the Occident that thou hast come out of such hands alive. and are greater in bulk than in strength. — that cemetery where thou wert among the Christians. it would be well to know where to seek for the best bodies. When I return to the city. their treatment of thee. and it depends on him alone to become a favorite of Caesar. hence it is my 222 . I have contributed to all this affair of thine. when I tell him that it is from nature. like Julius. Should it happen sometime to thee or me to organize games officially. uncommon things are happening to thee. the Germans. of course. write Veni. Since such a conclusion of the affair is directly opposed to thy nature. and since. of the Orient no mention need be made. they. vidi. Thou hast escaped. or if in his country there are more men like him. inquire of thee so eagerly. and if thou wish the truth. I saw. I saw. imitate not in thy letters the Lacedemonians or Julius Caesar! Couldst thou.Chapter 28 PETRONIUS to VINICIUS: — "Have pity. vidi. I might understand thy brevity. finally. thy letter needs explanation. because thou art a patrician. Ahenobarbus will burst from curiosity. But thy letter means absolutely Veni. carissime. and have a bronze statue of him made for myself. That man is worth as much gold as he himself weighs.

" he was exhausted. with a head full of thoughts. he has the wish to go straightway to Greece. I add no wish this time. but thou mightst not find us. moreover. "To what end? What shall I gain from it?" These were the first questions which passed through his head. advises him to visit the city even for a time. however. his exquisite outlining of thought. He had a kind of feeling that it was not worth while to reply. for I cannot foresee surely when we may meet. so he had to stay at home alone. then. that Petronius would not comprehend him in any case. That satisfaction lasted but a short time. that it would explain nothing. had begun to annoy him. At present. At the thought that he might go to Beneventum and thence to Acham. too. When he returned from the Trans-Tiber to his splendid "insula. Should Achaea overbalance. But solitude. as winds do in autumn. and that no new ones had been formed.affair so far. also. possessed him. that all which so far had formed the interest of his life either had ceased to exist for him or had shrunk to proportions barely perceptible. and farewell. I should insist with all my might on thy coming. that an answer would benefit no one in any way. he had a feeling of emptiness. for. his quickness. Write soon. In Bronzebeard's head plans change. on receiving this letter. however. Consider. yearning overmuch for his person (read 'for games and bread') may revolt. He thought. to swim in a life of luxury and wild excess. Write me minutely of thyself. Discontent. and a heart full of feelings which he could not analyze. his wit. felt at first no desire to reply. he thought that if he went. and that something had happened which would remove them from each other. while tarrying in Beneventum. So I cannot tell how it will be. He had a feeling as if those ties which hitherto had connected him with life had been cut in his soul. He felt soon that he was living in vanity. perhaps he 223 . since the people. however. And for the first time in life. All his acquaintances were with Caesar in Beneventum. and his choice of apt phrases for every idea might annoy him. and a feeling of the vanity of life. Tigellinus. whether in that case respose in thy Sicilian estates would not be preferable to remaining in Rome. without returning to Rome. and found for the first days a certain satisfaction in rest and in the comfort and abundance about him. except health. He could not come to an agreement with himself. we may want to see Egypt. even. in which he judged that if he could converse with some one about everything that took place in him. by Pollux! I know not what to wish thee. the conversation of Petronius." Vinicius. He had moments. for I think that in thy state of mmd travelling and our amusements would be a medicine.

who spoke to me of Christ and His teachings. I described to thee my stay among the Christians. and. Those are people such as the world has not seen hitherto. and think. I should have had more comforts. bring it to order. I felt happier than ever before. and because news of her return going from house to house. had nursed me. for there are many knots which I know not myself how to loosen. but I should not have received half the care which I found among them.might be able to grasp it all somehow. and spoke with such power that every 224 . and of the disappearance of Lygia. she could not have nursed me more tenderly. that Lygia is like the others. though not certain that he would send the answer. I was not spared because of being the son of a consul. that I had left the way of violence. in her face. and he errs who measures them with our measure. of the kindness with which they nursed me. a certain Paul of Tarsus. though I urged them to bury him in the garden. The day before her flight. Still she fled! Why? Nothing was threatening her. she was not indifferent to me — and to-day even I cannot think that she was. since they forgave even Chilo. and their teaching is of a kind that the world has not heard up to this time. and their treatment of enemies. Still that same Lygia left Miriam's dwelling in secret because of me. I tell thee that. finally. even my own family. for I judged that love alone could inspire the like tenderness. Such considerations do not exist for them. wilt thou believe mc? among those simple people then in that poor chamber. and if my own peopls. would reach the Palatine. No. Did she not love me. because Aulus and Pomponia had gone to Sicily. he wrote it in the following words: — "It is thy wish that I write more minutely. of course. she might have rejected me. she declared that to he impossible at present. I would bring her into my house through a wreathed door. Why did she do so? Have I written thee that I volunteered to restore her to Aulus? True. among whom they had a right to count both me and Chilo. But she knew that I would not pursue her longer. if I had been lying with a broken arm in my own house. too. I sir now whole days with my head on my hands. "Know this. my dear friend. I cannot tell. and Caesar might take her from Aifins again. whether I shall be able to do it more clearly. and. which was at once a culina and a triclinium. Delight filled my heart more than once. Had she been my sister or my wife. and after some days of hesitation. that. agreed then. I can say nothing else. through slaves. Under the influence of this hope. No. and seat her on a sacred skin at my hearth. unable to cease loving her or to live without her. and estimate it better. I made the acquaintance of a wonderful man. he decided to answer Petronius. More than once I saw love in her look.

' And now I am breaking my head over these words. our gods. That Paul of TarIlls. All these are uncommon things. Christ lived. and would myself have reared an altar to Him in the atrium. and then. Paul told me so openly. Thou knowest how I love Lygis. therefore. a reason why I should insist on an opposite opinion. If I am ready to rear one to Serapis. and with whom she would have to share a life counted criminal by Christians. as a Jew. not a whole assembly of them. It would not be difficult for me even to renounce other gods. for no reasoning mind believes in them at present. without his willing it. — I who do not believe overmuch in the old gods? I know with full certainty that the Christlans do not lie. hence she fled from mc. and rose from the dead. amd they say that he rose from the dead. All this is perfectly certain. and before him many others. and said: 'If God open thy eyes to the light. and take the beam from them as He took it from mine. but does not the uncommon surround us on every side? People have not ceased talking yet of Apollonius of Tyana. It is not enough to honor Christ. But it seems that all this is not enough yet for the Christians.word of his. and command them to cry throughout the houses. knows the old Hebrew writings. "If I promised to do so. as if I had heard them from the mouth of the Pythoness at Delphi. and our crimes. as from a man who belongs to our society. Paul's statement that there is one God. perhaps. Perhaps Seneca is of this opinion. rums nil the foundations of our society into ashes. thou wilt find her. and knowcst that there is nothing that I would not do for her. A man cannot rise from the dead. she had no need to withdraw. Though they love people. I cannot raise Soraete or Vesuvius on my 225 . Lygis!' But I cease to understand why she fled. What harth eould one more god do me? Why might I not believe in him. and here thou err on the shore of a sea which they command thee to wade through. Still. or why I should not rear to Him an Altir. the Christians are enemies of our life. thou wilt feel that she acted properly. for instance. But if she loved me? In that case she desired to flee from love. I do not see. I seem to understand something. but who. That same man visited me after her flight. 'Return. who is a Roman citizen. seems sound to rue. gave Himself to h‡ crucified for the salvation of the world. At the very thought of this I wish to send slaves into every alley in Rome. Thou wilt say that since she might reject me. they themselves would feel that the promise was an empty sound of words. one must also live according to His teachings. even at her wish. I should nor have stopped her from believing in her Christ. told mc that the coming of Christ was promised by prophets for whole thousands of years.

though he declares himself to be a simple shepherd. but the change does not lie in my power. our mode of life ends. and kindness. the distinction between conquered and — conqueror. I cannot tell why. and that apart from her there is to me nothing on earth more repulsive. my soul and my reason would say that I do so through love for Lygia. and not have aught else in his soul.shoulders. and all who preceded him. and that he has involved us all — Lygia. Roman rule ends. is beyond me. a man must feel that their teaching is truth. that is. government ends. but also I ant not So dull as I have seemed. And. I am not a philosopher. And dost thou know what they are doing? They are praying for me. and! were my lips to glorify it. ends. a strange thing. At times it seems to me that there are enchantments of some kind in all this affair. I love it because her hand bound it. and in place of those appear Christ. is greater than Apollonius. with a certain mercy not existent hitherto. and calling down something which they call grace. Sadness there must be. "I have written thee that she went away secretly. and so does that old theurgus Peter. but I know that where their religion begins. the gods are my witnesses. for I have lost her again. But that is another thing. I could have the wish. When I woke up. 1 will state now the following: I know not how the Christians order their own lives. Caesar ends. save disquiet. If she so desited. hut nothing descends on me. 1 found ft near my bed. and that the theurgus. more than once to thee. and I approach it yet. I have it now in the lararium. as if there were something divine in it. but when going she left me a cross which she put together from twigs of boxwood. opposed to human and our Roman instincts. and there is disquiet because something has changed in me. Paul of Tarsus understands this. Agreement in words does nor satisfy the Christians. Rome itself ends. and me — with them. between rich and poor. like those of the Lygians. It is true that Lygia is more to me than all Rome and its lordship. or from black make my eyes blue. and I would let society vanish could 1 have her in my house. law and all the order of the world ends. and still I 226 . Pomponia. and a greater yearning for Lygia. I tell thee sincerely. perhaps. or place Thrasymenc Lake on the palm of my hand. with awe and reverence. "Thou hast written that in my previous letter disquiet and sadness are visible. Dost understand what that means? There is something in my nature which shudders at this religion. and was the disciple of Christ. that nothing is mote repugnant to my nature than that religion. who in spite of all his simplicity and low origin is the highest among them. Peter. But that. were I to conform to its preceprts. lord and slave. and I hate it be-cause it divides us.

'I forgive you. and would not return soon. it did not become me to act with slaves as 1 had acted hitherto — that they too were people. Among them are old slaves whom my grandfather. in my triclinium. When I returned to my house from the Christians. Thou knowest with what a firm hand I hold my house. wilt thou lend belief? A species of pity for those wretched people. stretching forth their hands with groans. namely. who. when. one thing arrested my attention. But. he answered. I found the slaves drunk. Dost know what I will confess to thee? This. Summoning them on the third day. No one but Lygia could have done that. They had more thought of seeing death than me. I have verified it also with references to clients. I said. but my soul has been changed. hence there was disorder in the house. It seemed to me that at that moment I was looking at the sweet face of Lygia. The slaves thought that I was in Beneventum. but they seem to vie with one another to divine my wishes. or love? Circe changed people's bodies by touching them. and a feast. learning of 227 . but I did not punish. which they were giving themselves. Marcus Vinicius. For a number of days they moved about in mortal terror. as a cask without hoops. 1 shut myself up alone in the library. and. and there came stranger thoughts still to my head. but never had fear roused them to such ready service as has gratitude. and called me lord and father. that after what I had heard and seen among the Christians. in the belief that I was delaying so as to invent punishment the more cruel. and did not punish because I was not able. not only did not weaken discipline. strive then with earnest service to correct your fault!' They fell on their knees. And. I told Paul that society would fall apart because of his religion. brought from the Rhine in the time of Augustus. But dost thou know how I acted? At the first moment I wished to call for rods and hot iron. but immediately a kind of shame seized me. and some fainted from terror. no one was waiting for me. but I — with shame do I write this — was equally moved.cannot recognize myself since I met Lygia. The forgiveness which they received not only did not make them insolent. covering their faces with tears. the day before I left the Christians. prob pudor! I felt that my lips too were moist. as to my slaves. and would have been less terrified by it. that I am simply unhappy. Not only do they serve. and her eyes filled with tears. that it is ill for me alone. — that I cannot do without her.' And now I see that in certain cases his opinion may be right. thanking me for that act. or rather Lygia through that wonderful religion which she professes. I mention this to thee because. all to the last one dropped on their knees. and that my sadness is greater than thou wilt admit. 'Love is a stronger hoop than fear. Is it enchantment.

I had a feeling something like compassion. that. but for war even. who promised to visit me. and as cheap as they. I could not endure the society of the Augustians. which came to my head when I lay wounded: that if Lygia were like Nigidia. I know not why it was that a recollection of him rose in me which was sorrow and reproach. If what I write astonish thee. I live through the hope that I shall see her. I know not. and sometimes it seems to me that I shall see her surely. or through Paul of Tarsus. I would not leave Rome. the one solace in my sadness and disquiet is the thought that I am near Lygia. No. Caius! but they have changed my soul. I should not love her as I do at present. how it is that I cannot see certain roads before me. but my father acted haughtily with clients on principle. But when I saw their worn mantles and hungry faces. I gave command to bring them food. But this I do know. and conversed besides with them. Is my mind beginning to wander. and taught me to treat them in like manner. I reply that it astonishes me no less. If life may be compared to a spring. again it seemed to me that Lygia saw what I was doing. — and again in the eyes before me I saw tears. perhaps. But what will happen to me in a year or two years. that she praised and was delighted. — Farewell. that through Glaucus the physician. or is love confusing my feelings? I cannot tell. I shall not leave Rome. for judgment. even were ye to offer me the government of Egypt. But since I love her for that which divides us. and cannot divine. Too late did it come to my mind that he had carried me in his arms. in what darkness I live. Poppae. for I fear that my manhood and energy are taken from me. thou wilt divine what a chaos is rising in my soul. hurried to salute me. I have a continual feeling that she is looking at me from a distance. if she were as vile. — called some by name.my return. for feasts. but I write pure truth. Thou knowest that I have never been penurious with them. and our divorced women. in my spring disquiet flows instead of water. as pitiless." 228 . and how far I am from knowing what to begin. that I have ordered the sculptor to make a stone monument for Gulo. some I asked about their wives and children. not only for counsel. and I am afraid to do aught that might trouble or offend her. and sometimes I feel well for that reason. and besides. I am useless. I can learn something of her at times. Crispinilla. "So it is. Know also. These are undoubted enchantments! And to such a degree am I changed that I tell thee this. and was the first to teach me how to put an arrow on a bow. At times again I am tormented with the thought. whom I slew in anger. too. perhaps.

too. that if Lygia loved him. as he was ready at any moment to honor Christ. those of a Christian. Helius. Glaucus. Petronius did not write. where she had found refuge. but teaching in the neighborhood. grew pale from emotion. or exhibitions in theatres. besides. he told him that Peter had blamed Crispus for reproaching Lygia with her love. Nero's freedman. and brought to it ideas and feelings foreign to it thus far. promising to make liberal gifts to the poor community. he implored Glaucus to accompany him thither. would not venture to assure him that he would gain Lygia at once. it is true. He remained between ten and twenty days in Minturna. But Nero. though he urged him persistently to receive baptism. news of it was spread in the city. however. returned slowly. having embarked with his court on ships at Misenum. He saw. and. but he gave assurance that the elders were protecting her with watchful care. and even thought to return to Naples and wait there for spring. hearing this. The young patrician. which was earlier than usual. He had thought more than once that Lygia was not indifferent to him. only Glaucus the physician. when moved by the sadness of Vinicius. Once too. thinking of Lygia. announced at last the return in the Senate. In fact. and said that it was necessary to desire the religion for its own sake. When he learned. During all this time Vinicius lived shut up in his house. Now for the first time he heard the confirmation of his desires and hopes from strange lips. eager for games with gifts of grain and olives. and roused great delight in the hearts of the rabble. every one of whose visits delightcd him. disembarking at coast towns for rest. through 229 . and warm. from time to time. all obstacles were thereby set aside. It seemed to him. and all those new things which occupied his soul. for he could converse with the man about Lygia. thinking evidently that Caesar might command a return to Rome any day. but he fell into frequent doubt and uncertainty. Glaucus knew not. that he was not in the city. great supplies of which had been accumulated in Ostia.Chapter 29 VINICUS received no answer to this letter. At the first moment of gratitude he wished to run to Peter.

like that onrush of a wave to the shore from which it had receded. Grass-plots in the gardens were covered with violets. Along the Appian Way. The city. "One must have a Christian soul. but now he was accustoming himself gradually to the thought that other eyes might see differently. the snow on the Alban Hills had vanished under the breath of winds from Africa. He had not become clearly conscious that one of the deepest changes in his nature was this. — that formerly he had measured people and things only by his own selfialmess. other hearts feel differently. since the visits of Glaucus had become rarer. and pleasure beyond the city. At last the time came when his former nature was felt again mightily. He began again to run through back streets adjoining the Subura. began to revive with hope of the near coming of Caesar. had gone to Aricium." said he. Here Vinicius saw one day among lordly chariots the splendid car of Chrysothemis. and narrow lanes of the Trans-Tiber. had begun to understand that Glaucus. it was surrounded by a crowd of young men and by old senators. however. And Vinicius. Life itself seemed to urge him to this course. He wished often to see Paul of Tarsus. that he ought to accept from life what it gives. A solemn reception was in waiting for him. Vinicius was in perfect solitude. It seemed to him that he had been a fool to no purpose. Chrysothemis. he resisted him in thought. was the last. as a Christian. Paul. society. driving four Corsican 230 . whose discourse made him curious and disturbed him. When even that hope failed him. that he had stuffed his head with things which brought sadness. and that justice did not mean always the same as personal profit. too. under pretext of worshipping Juno in Lanuvium. weariness and impatience began to rise in his heart. Excursions were made to the Alban Hills. He arranged in his mind arguments to overthrow his teaching. not for other objects. said what he ought to say. meetings. or Diana in Aricia. He felt that this trial. still he wished to see him and to hear him. torpid and depopulated by winter. and he threw himself into it with all the blind energy of impulse peculiar to him. in the hope that even from a distance he might see Lygia. the usual place for drives outside the city.love of Christ. or at least to seek pleasure and the use of things aside from her. Youthful women. however. The Forums and the Campus Martius were filled with people warmed by a sun of growing heat. whose position detained them in the city. and. a movement of richly ornamented chariots had begun. preceded by two Molossian dogs. left home to seek adventures. Meanwhile spring was there. though every obstacle angered him. He resolved to forget Lygia.

It seemed to him that he was wretched. burst forth at last. he replied to his questions unwillingly. however. as it were. On seeing his uncle. took him into her car. being drunk. and then weariness. When he thought of this in soberness. and. self-confidence. had grown tedious to her long since. and he did not visit Petronius till the latter sent an invitation and his litter. and light strokes of a golden whip. Then she supped at his house.ponies herself. as it were. Disgust. He did not cease at once from pleasure and license. or the regret which that thought roused in him. and then to a feast at her house. but his feelings and thoughts. They appeared together for a week. Nothing. and flowed from his mouth in a torrent of words. At that feast Vinicius drank so much that he did not remember when they took him home. everything which had passed through his head and heart. and fell into perfect torpidity. After the first scene of jealousy which Chrysothemis made because of two Syrian damsels whom he purchased. Once more he told in detail the history of his search for Lygia. visited him at his house. repressed for a long time. and confessed that not only Petronius. and left mere reproaches. At last he saw that the thought of her did not leave him for an instant. and that feeling filled him. and could not escape the thought that he was saddening Lygia. and that her heart was free now. in which were lost composure and the gift of distinguishing and judging. and took him to the Appian Way a second time. 231 . for formerly he recognized as good everything which pleased him. mastered him. everything which he had heard and seen there. which lasted all night. however. emptied a goblet of Falernian on her head. but he followed them out of spite. He suffered. he lost freedom. but the relation did not promise permanence. he said. He had the feeling always that her eyes were looking at his face. that she was the one cause of his evil activity as well as his good. Finally. with fear. but his lute-player. scattered smiles round about. Pleasure had grown loathsome. and this last feeling filled him with measureless astonishment. and finally he complained that he had fallen into a chaos. but when she saw Vinicius she reined in her horses. that when Chrysothemis mentioned Lygia he was offended. forgetting evidently the injury. toward Lygia. But a day later Chrysothemis. from which even the news of Caesar's coming could not rouse him. his life among the Christians. but Vinicius could not free himself from thoughts of her. and that really nothing in the world occupied him except her. it is true. though greeted with gladness. he was angrier still. Nothing touched him. After the Falernian incident. he let her go in rude fashion. he recollected. Lygia's name was never mentioned.

to the priests of Serapis? Among them. for example. Just as a thunderbolt or an earthquake might overturn a temple. approaching Vinicius. nor how to act. it was composed of simple and harmonious lines. around him was darkness in which he was groping for an exit. might be happy or unhappy externally." "I too have thought so. and. he did not know what to hold to. After a long silence." "And if thou. but he felt also an irresistible repugnance to it. "more than once it seemed to me that we were enchanted. in the society in which they both lived. caught with his fingers the hair above his ear. without belief in happiness. but there are others who have reached wonderful secrets. looked at his changed face. "were to go. Petronius. as if actually seeking a road in the darkness. and Petronius stood for the first time before a series of spiritual snarls which no one had straightened out hitherto.attracted him. life. however. free of complication. and he fell to thinking. without conviction and with an uncertain voice. and more than once he meditated on the soul of man and on life. He was ready both to honor and persecute Christ. during this narrative. and could not find it." Silence followed. "that thou hast gray hairs on thy temple?" "Perhaps I have. he said at last. nothing was pleasing." asked he." answered Vinicius. for he himself felt how empty and even ridiculous that counsel must seem on his lips. but internally it was at rest. "Dost know. however. which while speaking he stretched forth in a strange manner. as among priests in general. without a morrow. for he would have to share her with Christ. so might misfortune crush a life. All at once he rose. — without hope. he would not possess her completely." He said this." said Petronius. he understood the loftiness of His teaching. there are many deceivers. Petronius was a man of sense. he was living as if not living. even should he possess Lygia." answered Vinicius. 232 . In general. "I should not be astonished were all my hair to grow white soon. but with all his quickness he could not answer the questions put to him. In itself. — "These must be enchantments. But there was something else in the words of Vinicius. Finally. He understood that. Hc was sufficiently a man of reason to feel their importance. at his hands. no doubt. both of us.

for they are enemies of life. I have seen those who used them to the harm of their enemies. but I tell thee that they are bad. Listen to me! Thou seest before thee a man who has risen early. Tigellinus." 233 ." "There is substance. and even at times interwoven prose with verses. cobblers who govern the descendants of ancient Quirites. how all that injures life! Thou wilt admire the goodness and virtue of those people. A beautiful woman is worth her weight always in gold. there is nothing new in it. In my language of a lover that means. she has simply no price. and why should they use them?" Petronius was angry that his acuteness could find no reply. second. and I will drink till my hand becomes powerless and my lips grow pale. and make some little use of life?" "I have tried. "Ah. as are diseases. however. traitor!" said Petronius. forgive their enemies.' I owe thee a double gratitude. 'Walk away." After a while he added: "By the divine dweller in Paphian groves. which was lacking. That is a destructive and disgusting sect. so as to offer an answer of some kind. possessed Chrysothemis. What will come. to acknowledge this. Hast thou tried to shake thyself out of this sadness. But these Christians live in poverty. thou hast seduced from me Chrysothemis!" Vinicius waved his hand in disgust. bathed. As things are. we do not need the Christians in addition. I say now to myself as follows: I will fill my life with happiness. "I will send her a pair of slippers embroidered with pearls. virtue. and this is my latest philosophy. but if she loves in addition. and said: "Enchantments! I have seen sorcerers who employed unknown and subterranean powers to their personal profit. By Castor! there is enough of this. And dost thou know why that was so? It was because I sought at a distance that which was near. written satires. not wishing. preach submission." said Petronius. but who has been as wearied as Caesar. Caesar. as a goblet with the foremost wine which the earth has produced. Grsar's poetry. Such a one thou wilt not buy with the riches of Verres. thou didst not accept Eunice. — first. — "That is a new sect.Vinicius rubbed his forehead. "In every case I thank thee. he said. feasted. what profit could they get from enchantments. freedmen who sit in the Senate." answered Vinicins. Just count them: diseases. and death itself. thou hast freed me from Cbrysothemis." "Thou hast proclaimed it always. and mercy. laughing. I care not. "news spreads quickly through slaves. and often unable to unferter himself from gloomy thoughts. we have enough of these enemies.

and. or Lysias even. bosom. Vinicius saw how a reflection of purple began to cover her cheeks. "give command. hut knowest thou what she answered~ — 'I would rather be thy slave than Caesar's wife!' And she would not consent. — the former slave no longer. then he pushed the tunic from her arms." said Petronius. her eyes now closed. has found love enclosed in such a form! At times it seems to me that we are a pair of gods. and said. Petronius after a while raised her exquisite head. through which entered the odor of violets. he noticed that at that moment he was thinking of Lygia. and said. But this sight will cure thee." When she had gone out he turned to Vinicius. and he grew pale. created more wonderful lines? Or does there exist in Paros or in Pentelicus such marble as this. or Skopas. now opened. Petronius opened his arms to her. taking a whole handful of violets. but I prefer to look for pleasure where it may be found really. what are thy gloomy Christians in comparison with this? And if thou understand not the difference. and robe of Eunice." At this she ran up to him. which filled the whole chamber. and of her only. They formed a wonderful group of love and happiness. She was penetrated with a quivering. — "Happy he who. Look thyself! Has Praxiteles. and placed her head on his breast. or Miron. like me. with an expression of unspeakable delight. covered with them the head. but as it were a goddess of love and happiness." He began to pass his lips along her shoulders and neck. surrounded his neck with her arms. he called Eunice. go thy way to them. for he thought that if he could have passed his lips along Lygia's shoulders in that way.When he had said this. it would have been a kind of sacrilegious delight so great that let the world vanish afterward! But accustomed now to a quick perception of that which took place in him. and said. — "But think now. — warm. 1 freed her then without her knowledge. The pretor favored me by not requiring her presence. "Eunice. to prepare garlands for our heads and a meal. as also 234 . "I offered to make her free. Petronius stretched his hand to a flat vase standing at one side on a table. and. turning to Vinicius." Vinicius distended his nostrils. thou divine one. — "Come. how her eyes melted gradually in mist. But she does not know that she is free. who entered dressed in white drapery. rosy. sitting on his knee. and full of love? There are people who kiss off the edges of vases.

perhaps." "In that case no injustice is done thee. beauty. Love has changed thy nostrils. But what kind of love is that which abdicates? Is not the meaning this. Once I loved the odor of verbenas. I prefer Lygia to be what she is rather than to be like others. "I wished thee to see Eunice. and I thought then that if Lygia would lay hers bare to me I should not care if the ground opened under us next moment. feverishly. if we pay the same for one and the other. power. a true and simple heart." Here he stopped before Vinicius and inquired. art seeking also at a distance that which is near. true!" answered Vinicius. Maybe for thee too is beating. "We understand each other no longer. Lygia is not Eunice. for good is what gives people happiness. "I saw thee kissing Eunice's shoulders. "They have filled thee with disquiet." He rose and walked through the room. and I mentioned her to thee. but as Eunice prefers violets. and since spring came we breathe only violets. I like them now beyond all other flowers. because thou. and destroyed thy sense of life. love." answered Vinicius. But at the very thought of such an act a certain dread seized me. but it has changed my soul: hence. namely. Apply such a balsam to thy wounds. "May Hades swallow thy Christians!" exclaimed Petronius. will belong to her in case of my death. dost thou keep always to nard?" "Give me peace!" answered the young man. in spite of my misery and desire. but it has changed even me. Thou sayest that Lygia loves thee? Perhaps she does. why are people to be good?" 235 ." Another moment of silence followed. Thou art mistaken in this. but these they call vanity. and thou preferrest violets to verbenas." "True. but I understand the difference not in thy way. others less. — that there is another force stronger than her love? No.she does not know that this house and all my jewels. excepting the gems. somewhere in the chambers of thy slaves. what shall we pay for good? And besides. Lygia is not Eunice. May Hades devour them! Thou art mistaken in thinking that their religion is good. as if I had attacked some vestal or wished to defile a divinity. my dear. — "But as to thee." "All is one torment merely. But I do not understand the position. and said: "Love changes some more. that they are just! for if we pay good for evil.

By Castor! that will be worth witnessing. That will resemble somewhat a journey of Bacchus and Apollo in one person. Caesar has not given up the journey. by the side of Eunice. male and female. plunder temples. Go with us to Achaea. said. for we shall see hereafter if it be possible to see anything without eyes. but Petronius." "For them life begins with death. and without halting by the way. which is without limit."No. for hitherto the world has not seen anything like it!" Here he placed himself on the couch before the table. on the way to the triclinium. the hair which Isis tore from her head in grief for Osiris? Hast thou heard the shout of Memnon? The world is wide. a thousand citharz.' Hast thou the intent to carry off Lygia?" "No. but according to their teaching it begins in a future life. Memphis. he continued." "Which is as if one were to say." At that moment the slaves announced that the repast was ready. I cannot pay her evil for good. I-last thou seen the Grecian temples thoroughly. He will stop everywhere on the way. Augustians. everything does not end at the TransTiber! I will accompany Caesar. or the cup for whose pattern the left breast of Helen served? Hast thou seen Alexandria. or in Sparta the eggs laid by Leda. the clay from which Prometheus shaped man. — "Thou has ridden over a part of the world. as I have. or in Eubcea the ship of Agamemnon. — "What hast thou seen in Corbulo's service? Nothing." "But wilt thou be able to forget Lygia?" "Then travel. but these are mopes. and return as a triumphator to Italy. sing. 236 . and when he returns I will leave him and go to Cyprus. in Phocis. to whom it seemed that he had fallen on a good thought. the Pyramids. 'Day begins with night. but only as a soldier hastening to his place of destination. and I swore that I would not. — I who was passing more than two years from the hands of one guide to those of another? Hast thou been in Rhodes to examine the site of the Colossus? Hast thou seen in Panopeus. and when the slaves put a wreath of anemones on his head. or in Athens the famous Sarmatian armor made of horse-hoofs. Ursus strangled Croton because he has limbs of bronze. receive crowns." "I do not enter into that question." "Dost thou intend to accept the religion of Christ?" "I wish to do so. and the future cannot belong to mopes. Meanwhile they are simply incompetents. the pay is not the same. but my nature cannot endure it.

Tigellinus promises to invent. "that there are people who have no fear of Caesar. He has no personal hatred for thee. it is true. But our life. We must think over what thou art to answer should he ask thee about Lygia." "I am thy slave. We shall say that thou wert sick. He rested his garlanded head on her bosom. they alone. he began to think that in truth. "We shall be able to live and die!" said Petrothus. not only something great for Caesar. I am afraid that he will undermine me. but something enormous." said Vinicius. It is bad that thou hast not been with him yet." said Eunice. and what more they will be able to do is unknown. and thou must know that whatever she wishes must happen. and when he returned home. if thy nature is repugnant to their teaching. Thou art a man of other clay. but he cannot love thee. It will be best to wave thy hand and say that she was with thee till she wearied thee. But first remember that thou must see Caesar. — what is it if not unbroken terror?" "Do not mention thy Christians. perhaps." These words struck Vinicius. He will understand that. from feet to head!" Then he said to Vinicius: "Come with us to Cyprus. that thy fever was increased by disappointment at not being able to visit Naples and hear his song. I admire thee. it is just because thou feelest their incompetence. and they concern him as much as withered leaves. We shall be able to live and die. that thou wert assisted to health only by the hope of hearing him. But I tell thee that they are incompetents. even because thou art my sister's son." "Dost thou know. Thou feelest this thyself. It came to his head that this must be the real cause of the repulsion which his Roman soul felt toward their teaching. and who live as calmly as if he were non-existent?" "I know whom thou hast in mind — the Christians. Tell him also that sickness kept thee at home.for it is the wish of this golden-haired goddess of mine that we offer doves together to the divinity in Paphos. because he has not even heard of them perhaps. Fear no exaggeration. As to 237 . — "Then I am the slave of a slave. divine one. the goodness and charity of Christians was a proof of their incompetience of soul. so trouble not thyself or me with them. I am afraid too of thy disposition. Tigellinus is ready to use this to thy disadvantage. and said with a smile." "Yes. They fear not Caesar. It seemed to him that people of strength and temper could not forgive thus. and in every case he knows nothing of them.

them. and understand neither true love nor true hatred. 238 . they know only how to forgive.

and predicted dominion over the Orient. and moved by love for them. I will give command to cut through the isthmus of Corinth. among whom was Vinicius. to the great astonishment of those present. Nero feared the gods. would remain to share their lot and their pleasures. his teeth chattered. there was need to defer the journey. and certain also that they would not miss games and a distribution of wheat. but did not leave the bed for that day. But on the second day. as a father for his children. I will rear such monuments in Egypt that the pyramids will seem childish toys in comparison. The people. on returning to Rome. He was borne out of the temple at once. moreover. but I will command 239 .Chapter 30 Caesar. he repaired to the Capitol to make offerings to the gods for an auspicious journey. and said: "Yes. In company with Augustians. he feared especially the mysterious Vesta. cannot escape me. and that public affairs would not be exposed to detriment because of it. an event took place which changed all his projects. when he visited the temple of Vesta. assembled in crowds before the gates of the Palatine. and he dropped into the arms of Vinicius. An hour later it was announced throughout Rome that Caesar. will not be lost. I will have a sphinx built seven times greater than that which is gazing into the desert outside Memphis. He declared. He even issued an edict in which he declared that his absence would be short. who happened there behind him. since the divinity had warned him secretly against haste. hence Ach~a. and conveyed to the Palatine. and after some days was filled anew with a wish to visit Achaea. where he recovered soon. that he deferred his journey. a shiver ran through his limbs. rejoiced at this decision. who filled him with such awe that at sight of the divinity and the sacred fire his hair rose on a sudden from terror. was angry because he had returned. too. though he did not believe in them. who interrupted the play at dice with which he was amusing himself with Augustians. seeing the gloomy faces of the citizens. Egypt. and raised shouts in honor of the divine Caesar.

" "In Egypt 1 will marry the Moon. "and the vestal Rubria fainted. not seven." "Alas! who can do that?" said Nero." said Nero." said Tigcllinus. when thou art dreaming of Egypt." "True! I will do that!" "Thou wilt bestow a gift on humanity. since he is known for his honesty. like that of Memnon. Make a pair of boots for the sphinx. Domitius Afer. after that thou will make sandals for the Colossi which form the alleys before the temples. whose paws must grow numb during night-dews." "Rubria!" said Nero. Give the desert to Tigellinus. so that he may beget hippopotamuses. for the deity becomes invisible to whomever it wishes. for example.' That happened so unexpectedly that I was terrified. "Ah! if men could only build for thee a statue. who is now a widow. to call with thy voice at sunrise! For all ages to come the seas adjoining Egypt would swarm with ships in which crowds from the three parts of the world would be lost in listenmg to thy song. I am glad." "We were all terrified. but thrice seven. But do thou marry Vitelius to the Nile. though for such an evident care of the gods for me I should be thankful." "With thy verses thou hast reared a monument to thyself already." "And what dost thou predestine to me?" inquired Vatinius. Caesar." "And thou wilt give us stars for wives. and I shall be a god really. "But with my song?" inquired Nero. and I am saddened because thou hast deferred thy plan of a journey. "what a snowy neck she has!" 240 .that it have my face. he will be king of the jackals." said Petronius. will be treasurer." "Thy mortal eyes saw nothing. 'Defer the journey. "Know that when I was in the temple of Vesta she herself stood near me. times greater than the pyramid of Cheops. we will make a new constellation. Coming ages will speak only of that monument and of me. which will be called the constellation of Nero. and whispered in my ear. "Apis bless thee! Thou didst arrange such splendid games in Beneventum that 1 cannot wish thee ill. "But thou canst give command to cut out of basalt thyself driving a quadriga. Each one will find there a fitting occupation.

"I will lay a wager. Dost thou see his confusion? Ask him how many of them there were since that time." "Where is that pearl? Has he not become king of Nemi?" "I cannot tell. he was stronger than Croton. Caesar. "and whom I took from Aulus for thee?" Vinicius was confused. and should have dropped to the ground had not some one supported me. There is something divine in every vestal." "Seek him. The Vinicii are good soldiers. and find him for me." Nero looked at him with astonishment. fear seized me to-day. and he broke my arm. Who was it?" "I." said he." said Tigellinus. "that he has forgotten. I might have broken my head by a fall. 1 see thee rarely." said he. Punish 241 . Caesar." "Thou knowest not even of what people he is?" "I had a broken arm." "I tell thee." "I will occupy myself with that. and I will not give assurance of his power to answer. and could not inquire for him. On a time thou west a good companion."But she blushed at sight of the divine Caesar —" "True! I noticed that myself. lord. after a moment's meditation. but campaigning and service with Corbulo have made thee wild in some way. What does this mean? Though I am the chief priest. and Rubria is very beautiful." answered Vinicius. what I saw with my own eyes. but I defended myself. but Petronius came to his aid at that moment. "Oh. That is wonderful. They need whole flocks. But Nero spoke further to Vinicius: "I thank thee for having supported me. "How is that maiden too narrow in the hips. I remember only that I was falling back." asked he after a while. and indeed thy face is changed. "Tell me. I lost sight of him. but still better gamecocks. "Stronger than Croton? Art thou jesting? Croton was the strongest of men. "why people fear Vesta more than other gods. with whom thou wert in love. thou 'stern Mars'! Why wert thou not in Beneventum? They told me that thou wert ill. but now here is Syphax from Ethiopia." "With a broken arm?" "A certain barbarian helped me. But I heard that Crown wished to kill thee? Is that true?" "It is.

I will go to Annum. By the Ephesian Diana! if thou couldst see thy joined brows. Thou art a comely fellow. Well! we have conquered the world. and have a right to amuse ourselves. he has fixed himself in the city as in his own house. Thou. hence do not understand that I need immense things. but he will be madder than ever. that flocks of beauty will not be lacking there." 242 . Ye are all little. Try thou. then. hence thou mayst be grateful to them." "Could the Graces be absent where Amor will be present?" answered Tigellinus. too. True! were it not for that mad religion. Bronzebeard has renounced the journey. the Augustians were beginning to depart. Lygia would be in thy house to-day. to share in the amusement. — "We shall see thy work on the pond of Agrippa. I trust. "Weariness tortures me. I repeat." answered Tigellinus. and said to him. Marcus. and Rome is swarming with divorced women. giving to understand in that way that he needed rest. In fact." Then he closed his eyes. but in thy place I should detest that religion. I am stifled in these narrow streets. — "Thou art invited. Afterward I go to Antium. Oh." said Nero. Petronius went out with Vinicius. "I have remained in Rome at the will of the goddess. and said. and to that I ascribe in part the weakness which I have for thee. to find in these madnesses amusement and forgetfulness." "Caesar. amid these alleys. if some angry god would level it to the earth! I would show how a city should be built.him for that. but I cannot endure the city. which is the head of the world and my capital. Tigellinus. Foul air flies even here to my house and my gardens." "I will not do that. 'If some angry god would destroy the city. Attempt once more to prove to me that they are not enemies of life and mankind. amid these tumble-down houses. lord.' — is it so?" "It is! What then?" "But art thou not a god?" Nero waved his hand with an expression of weariness. if an earthquake would destroy Rome. by not inviting him to the feast which Tigellinus promises to arrange in thy honor on the pond of Agrippa. "thou sayest. and seek pleasure where I could find it. and thy face in which the ancient blood of the Quirites is evident! Others near thee looked like freedmen. art a very comely fellow. They have acted well toward thee.

be a Roman. I love pottery. the midday breeze will warm the water and not bring pimples on naked bodies. I do not hurry. with the conviction that there is no fruit in the world which I have not tasted. lest I become a Christian. "I should need luck to find such a one. Such is our Roman Caesardom! The air is mild already. at least. with all thy courage and sadness. If thou canst not be a Grecian. possess and enjoy. too. Besides. for. that there will not be one to refuse thee. it is pleasant in my house. I know that in life I shall never find anything beyond what I have found." Vinicius began to strike his head with his palm." "And who did this for thee. shrugging his shoulders. like a man occupied eternally with one thought. of thee I can never make a man of aesthetic feeling. and. while thy Christians bring sadness into the world. the Stoics are fools. but I am not of thy years. and what. — not one. which annoys thee. there will be lupanaria. know this. I have a pain in my loins. if not the Christians? But people whose standard is a cross cannot be different. And thou. I have found Eunice. Our madnesses have a certain 243 . Listen to me: Greece was beautiful. neither shall I loiter. can this teaching create? If thou know." "Thou art afraid. but thou hast found nothing similar. and created wisdom. which in life is the same as rain in nature. and seeking."I wonder only that all this does not torture thee yet?" "Who has told thee that it does not? It tortures me this long time. There are cheerful sceptics in the world. For me. finally. Will there be not even one sufficiently beautiful to console thee? There will be maidens. For me. I love poetry. Dost thou know what I have learned? That during the festivities which Tigellinus will arrange at the pond of Agrippa. thou hast no love for them. explain. at which thou dost not look." said Vinicius. If death were to visit thee. but I should accept death as a necessity. gems. to thy thinking. even though she be a vestal virgin. appearing in society for the first time — as nymphs. Narcissus. I love books. among masterpieces. a multitude of things. "I am afraid that thou hast spoiled life for thyself. thou wouldst die with astonishment that it was necessary to leave the world. and in them women from the first houses of Rome. it seems. I shall try merely to be joyful to the end. thou thyself knowest not that thou art hoping yet continually. but stoicism tempers men. I have other attachments which are lacking thee. we created power. by Pollux! I cannot divine it. which thou hast not.

" 244 . — Till we meet on the pond of Agrippa.sense. I despise Bronzebeard. thou wilt show thy tongue to him. he will not wonder. because he is a Greek buffoon. I should recognize that he was right in permitting himself madness. If he be Glaucus the physician. for there is in them a kind of thought of our own. Promise me that if thou find some Christian on returning home. If he held himself a Roman.

intellect. which had no equal in the history of the city. but he was becoming more and more indispensable. and plants. wit. His influence grew daily. lest over-numerous throngs of spectators might annoy Caesar and his guests. not omitting vessels and cloths. and above all by such a magnificence that the imagination of Nero himself would be struck by it. or learning. Tigellinus was not dearer than others to Nero yet. perhaps.Chapter 31 PRETORIANS surrounded the groves on the banks of the pond of Agrippa. The borders of this raft were decked with splendid shells found in the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. but the powerful favorite had no need to hesitate. Petronius surpassed him infinitely in polish. But before Tigellinus. for who had the right to bear that title but himself? Tigellinus had sense enough to know his own deficiencies. rare fish. shells brffliant with the colors of pearls and the rainbow. he resolved to extinguish them by the suppleness of his services. to surpass all who had ever feasted Nero. birds. framed of gilded timbers. and seeing that he could not compete with Petronius. though it was said that everything in Rome distinguished for wealth. Nero never felt any restraint. The revenues of whole provinces went to satisfy mad projects. The banks of the pond were covered with groups of palm. and Caesar feared his opinion when there were questions in matters of taste. while with Caesar in Naples. Tigellinus wished to recompense Caesar for the deferred journey to Achaea. With this object in view. and prove that no man could entertain as he could. arbiter elegantiarum. he had made preparations and sent orders to bring from the remotest regions of the earth beasts. which were to enhance the splendor of the feast. or others distinguished by birth. which had been given to Petronius. or intellect was present at that feast. talents. annoyed Nero's vanity. in conversation he knew better how to amuse Caesar: but to his misfortune he surpassed in conversation Caesar himself. with groves of 245 . He had arranged to give the feast on a gigantic raft. and later in Beneventum. moreover he could not be an obedient instrument in everything. hence he roused his jealousy. beauty. Lucan. The very title.

and sat beneath the purple tent-roof. When Nero arrived at the main raft with Poppae and the Augustians. echoes bore around the voices of horns and trumpets. were heard music and song.lotus. and flamingoes. and only when questioned outright. lord. made of Syrian purple. the boats moved. swans. the groves resounded. the golden cords stretched. which because of plants accumulated on it had the appearance of an island and a garden. and the raft with the feast and the guests began to move and describe circles on the pond. and other smaller rafts. Formerly his figure and face indicated too clearly the soldier by profession. and vessels simply beyond price. filled with women playing on citharae and harps. tables prepared for the guests. women whose rosy bodies on the blue background of the sky and the water and in the reflections from golden instruments seemed to absorb that blue and those reflections. wishing to learn the opinion of the "arbiter. with Poppaea on one side of him. Besides women. — the plunder of Italy. But he looked at Petronius from habit. the oars struck the water." who seemed indifferent for a long time. or rather. among whom Vinicius excelled all with his beauty. In the midst of these were hidden fountains of perfumed water. Besides. answered. and were covered with green network in imitation of scales. could he have witnessed the luxury of that feast. and blooming roses. and to change and bloom like flowers. he did not spare praises on Tigellinus. that ten thousand naked maidens make less impression than one. From the groves at the banks. from fantastic buildings reared for that day and hidden among thickets." But the "floating feast" pleased Caesar. only the roof of a tent. and Asia Minor. under it were gleaming. would have hidden under water with shame. like suns. — "I judge. The raft. Greece. crystal. their hair dressed in Oriental fashion. resting on silver columns. and wines of so many kinds that Otho. statues of gods and goddesses. mews. for it was something new. not to hide the feasters. such exquisite dishes were served that the imagination of Apicius would have failed at sight of them. and Pythagoras on the other. was amazed. and gold or silver cages filled with birds of various colors. in which sat at painted oars naked rowers of both sexes. The neighborhood resounded. Caesar himself. who used to serve eighty. Other boats surrounded it. In the centre of the raft rose an immense tent. and more especially when among the boats young slave maidens appeared as sirens. now mental suffering and the physical pain 246 . was joined by cords of gold and purple to boats shaped like fish. loaded with Alexandrian glass. the Augustians sat down at the table. with forms and features of marvellous beauty. or gathered in golden nets.

rising himself. The sun had passed the greater part of the sky. but the day was warm and even hot. ruddier. and began to whisper something in Rubria's ear. When he did so. to move. The feast had not run half its course yet. he commanded Vinicius. not excepting Poppaea. fastened with silver and blue threads or strings. the guests were for the greater part thoroughly intoxicated. Nero occupied the place. on which. His body had retained its former powerful outlines. The raft circled now nearer the shore. His complexion had lost its former swarthiness. in saying that none of the ladies of Caesar's court would be able or willing to resist Vinicius. and hamadryads. and other birds from India and Africa. who sat next to Rubria the vestal. All gazed at him now. or at least of a refined patrician. playing on flutes. growing larger. for. she cast at him from beneath her long lashes a glance as it were of modesty. Above the boats ftere and there flew doves. soon warmed the hearts and heads of the guests. when the order in which all sat at the table was observed no longer. as if the delicate hand of a master had passed over them. who extended her arm and begged him to fasten her loosened bracelet. were seen groups of people. with groups of maidens representing nymphs. whom Caesar wished to see at the feast. and drums. as if lost in listening and in gazing at that which was happening on the water. and shook her golden head as if in resistance. From the 247 . among bunches of trees and flowers. dryads. or the vestal virgin Rubria. Caesar gave the example. but in the air there was not the least breath of wind. The pond heaved from the strokes of oars. shouts raised in honor of Luna. which beat the water in time with music. spoke like a man of experience. Meanwhile the groves were lighted with a thousand lamps. bearing guests who were increasingly drunk and boisterous. though in the beginning of May. Boats shaped as grasshoppers or butterflies shot forth from the bushes at the shore every moment. sank slowly behind the tops of the grove. bagpipes. The blue surface of the pond seemed occupied by butterflies. Vinicius found himself next to Poppna. but the yellowish gleam of Numidian marble remained on it. disguised as fauna or satyrs.through which he had passed had chiselled his features. with hands trembling somewhat. Petronius. as if created for armor. Wines. but above the body of a legionary was seen the head of a Grecian god. the groves were motionless. Darkness fell at last amid drunken shouts from the tent. The raft circled continually on the pond. Meanwhile the sun. cooled in mountain snow. His eyes had grown larger and more pensive. at once subtle and splendid.

which placed its hands on his shoulders and whispered. New flocks of these raced around him every moment with shouts and with songs. now disgust and repugnance possessed him. scattered in lupanaria. hasten!" Vinicius was roused. Vinieius was not drunk. who a knight. satyrs. and at last the fever of pleasure seized him. in tents hidden in thickets. But he stood on the spot with beating heart. All at once the heart sank in his bosom? for he thought that in that goddess. immense wave. as he had been at the feast in Nero's palace. pure. and panting breaths. Never had she seemed so dear. Satyrs and fauns fell to chasing nymphs with shouting. that his breast needed air and the stars which were hidden by the thickets of that dreadful grove. however. Caesar and the Augustians vanished in the groves. but he was roused and intoxicated by the sight of everything done round about. formed of the wives and daughters of the first Roman houses. examining who of the dryads seemed most beautiful. breathless. and that at close sight she was not even like her. senators. In fact Rome had not seen anything like that before. he sprang to it. and by sounds of music. and whispers. These with voice and unrestrained manner began to lure partners. laughter and shouts were heard. the too powerful impression deprived him of strength. Everywhere.lupanaria on the shores shone swarms of lights. Darkness covered certain parts of the grove. He determined to flee. as if from a dream. he himself wished to drink of that cup. "I love thee! Come! no one will see us. when Lygia was present. moon on her forehead. he recognized Lygia. but barely had he moved when before him stood some veiled figure. Rushing into the forest. flooding his face with burning breath. and beloved as in that forest of madness ana frenzied excess. and share in that shameless letting loose of the senses. wishing evidently to incline him to follow. on the terraces appeared new naked groups. rushed away the next moment like a herd of deer. 248 . who a dancer. no one knew who was a senator. The raft touched the shore at last. knights. in grottos artificially arranged among fountains and springs. They encircled him with a mad whirl. He felt that infamy was stifling him. and love for Lygia rushed to his breast in a new. Straightway he was seized by such yearning as he had never felt before. he ran. for though he saw that the Diana was not Lygia. Madness seized all. no one knew whither Caesar had gone. these flocks were pursued by fauns. and. They struck lamps with thyrses to quench them. with others. intending to examine the goddess more closely. with the. who a musician. A moment before. Seeing at last a band of maidens led by one arrayed as Diana.

— "Hurry! See how lonely it is here. to avenge herself. it filled him with disquiet. I do not wish thee. strange in some way. therefore she wished. So. perhaps. "the divine Augusta." said she. till at last breath failed the woman and she tore her face from him. she pressed her lips to his through the veil. the grove. but from a distance her laugh was heard." said Petronius." "Remove the veil. pushing back the veiled figure. "Today is free! Thou hast me!" But that kiss burned Vinicius. and I love thee! Come!" "Who art thou?" repeated Vinicius. They sat down together. the veiled woman vanished like a dream vision." replied Vinicius. and only in the atrium of Vinicius's house did Petronius ask." said he. "was unable to hide from Popp~xa his desire for Rubria. "The fire of Vesta was defiled. 249 . Hadst thou recognized the Augusta and refused her. for Rubria was with Caesar. the line of mounted pretorians. — "Dost thou know who that was?" "Was it Rubria?" asked Vinicius. he said."Who art thou?" But she leaned her breast on him and insisted. But with thee was speaking" — and he finished in a still lower voice. and ominous. — "Whoever thou be. Petronius stood before Vinicius." A moment of silence followed. "Let us go from this place. and found the litters. "Caesar. "I will go with thee. "I have heard and seen. "Night of love! night of madness!" said she." said Petronius. But I hindered you both. catching the air quickly. They passed the lupanaria gleaming with light. repulsed at the very thought that Rubria was a vestal. drawing toward her his head at the same time. in the whole world nothing existed for him except Lygia. His soul and heart were elsewhere. And they went. "Guess!" As she said this. I love another. On the road both were silent. "Who then?" Petronius lowered his voice. At that moment the leaves of the nearest myrtle began to rustle. lowering her head toward him.

and I. your feasts. Dost understand me?" "Vinicius. "I am stifling. perhaps. and repeated. thou art losing sense. your crimes!" "What is taking place in thee? Art thou a Christian?" The young man seized his head with both hands.thou wouldst have been ruined beyond rescue. judgment. your shamelessness. moderation. and all of you!" burst out Vinicius. the Augusta1 Tigellinus. — "Not yet! not yet!" 250 . feasts. as if in despair. — thou." "I love only her in this world. I cannot. I cannot live thus. that I wish no other love. Caesar. I have no wish for your life." "What of that?" "This. Lygia." "I have enough of Rome.

"If on the part of the Augusta it is not a passing whim but a more enduring desire. what is like him to-day. and it was necessary to avoid peril. At present there remained nothing of that. and remove danger as well from his nephew as himself." thought Petronius. and perhaps I with him. or. Petronius wished to gain time. But he hoped that it would not be too difficult to persuade him to the journey without her. having included a whole family in her hatred. even because I am his relative. Ah! but if in addition he could give him Lygia for the road. But it might be different in the future. but since he hoped nothing from it. feeling that his wit and irony would slip without effect along the new principles which love and contact with the uncomprehended society of Christians had put in the soul of Vinicius. In this way and that it is bad.Chapter 32 PETRONIUS went home shrugging his shoulders and greatly dissatisfied. The veteran sceptic understood that he had lost the key to that soul. he decided at last that it would be better and safer to send Vinicius from Rome on a journey. and because the Augusta. 251 . hence her vanity had not suffered much so far. The Augusta did not know whether she was recognized by Vinicius. This knowledge filled him with dissatisfaction and even with fear. He would spread a report on the Palatine then of Vinicius's illness. He had been for him a model in everything. he would do so with pleasure. above all." Petronius was a man of courage and felt no dread of death. that their souls had separated entirely. and he may be ruined by any accident. such was the change that Petronius did not try his former methods. Once Petronius had immense influence over the young soldier. After long meditation. — either Vinicius will not resist her. It was evident to him that he and Vinicius had ceased to understand each other. she might suppose that she was not. "one of two things will happen. which was heightened by the events of that night. and in that event he will be ruined certainly. and frequently a few ironical words of his sufficed to restrain Vinicius or urge him to something. he had no wish to invite it. will throw the weight of her influence on the side of Tigellinus. he will resist.

for Nero never opposed suggestions which brought harm or ruin to any one. despite all his Roman selfishness. The thing itself was possible. I shall be too useful to Nero. At last Petronius heard from Caesar's own lips that three days from then he would go to Antium without fall. In fact it was not so long since. because he wished to persuade him to the journey. for instance. For a number of days he was ever thinking over this. Next morning he went straightway to inform Vinicius." said he. which list one of Caesar's freedmen had brought him that morning. In Greece Petronius was sure of victory over every opponent. and after her Vinicius too. who showed him a list of persons invited to Annum. because he could not. and urge him to the journey. After that "floating feast" Petronius saw Nero daily. and let them love and amuse themselves there with Christianity as much as they liked. Meanwhile he visited Vinicius frequently. Vinicius feigned sickness. Then there would be no need to persuade him. Claudius. "when we must leave again. Lygia would leave it with the other confessors of Christ. rid himself of attachment to the young tribune. when the Jews began disturbances out of hatred to the Christians. would descend to the second place and lose his influence." said he. He would prepare a feast in his own house. He had even a hope. on looking at the list. expelled the Jews. and drag over the road to 252 . I do not expect that to happen before the journey to Ackea. and at this feast persuade Caesar to issue an edict. "it would mean that I must die. Meanwhile he determined to watch over Vinicius. Tigellinus. that if he obtained an edict from Caesar expelling the Christians from Rome. and second. that Caesar would confide the execution of the edict to him. After mature decision Petronius framed a whole plan for himself. where new plans appeared every day. and did not show himself on the Palatine. "My name is on it. unable to distinguish one from the other. To suggest such an idea was easy. Barely have we come to Rome. "Thou wilt find the same at thy house on returning." replied Petronius. Why should not Nero expel the Christians? There would be more room in Rome without them." "Were I not among the invited. first.for he understood that once Caesar set out for Acbaea. both on the Palatine and in other houses. who comprehended nothing in the domain of art. so is thine. He would send out Lygia with all the consideration proper to the mistress of Vinicius to Baiae. which was not barren.

Sextus Africanus." "Am I to enumerate all who had a little sense. See in what times we live and what vile slaves we are!" "Hast thou noticed that only to-day?" "No. but still thou canst not refuse. "That is true. though 21! his life he has been a criminal and a villain. for this is not merely an invitation. Then he began to glance over the list and read: "Tigellinus. jingle sistra. calculating dogs. to measure strength with that Ursus who choked Croton than to go there.Antium. and therefore. and Nero. Claudius. I have no desire to-day to philosophize. Vatinius. and I do not answer for them. lived eighty and ninety years? Let even such a man as Domitius Afer serve thee as an example. but thou hast explained to me that Christian teaching is an enemy of life. — one from which people do not return. But we must go. — "Danger! We are all wandering in the shadow of death. perhaps. Let us speak of Antium." "I must go to Antium. or a flute-playing ass. But can their shackles be stronger than those which we carry? Thou hast said. Aquilinus Regulut. since it shackles it. it is a command as well." "Perhaps for that very reason!" answered Vinicius. Caligula. Know that great danger is awaiting thee. and so on! What an assembly of ruffians and scoundrels! And to say that they govern the world! Would it not become them better to exhibit an Egyptian or Syrian divinity through villages. and earn their bread by telling fortunes or dancing?" "Or exhibiting learned monkeys. Eprius Marcellus. 'Greece created wisdom and beauty. By Hercules! I did not create these times. He has grown old quietly." added Petronius. but let us speak of something more 253 . in spite of the times of Tiberius. and it would be better. and every moment some head sinks in its darkness. and said. What a pity that thou hast not obeyed my counsel and left Rome in season! Now thou must go to Antium. Suilius Nerulinus. and Rome power." Vinicius waved his hand carelessly." "And if some one would not obey?" "He would be invited in another style to go on a journey notably longer.' Where is our power?" "Call Chilo and talk with him.

and at last he said. with another love as soon as possible. through consideration of self. besides. better open thy veins at once. May Venus inspire her. but thou wert listening. and did not wish her. he prefers Rubria now. by all the infernal gods. he would wreak the most horrible vengeance on us. which means that her desire for thee was not a passing whim. or cast thyself on a sword. and with whom at the very highest he can talk only about races in the Circus. but since she desires thee thou must observe the very greatest caution." "Dost thou know where she is?" "Then thou wilt begin anew to search for her in old cemeteries and beyond the Tiber?" 254 . She has begun to weary Bronieheard already. Dost understand?" Vinicius listened as if thinking of something else. or hinder thee from loving thy Lygia? Remember." "She is a daring Augusta. for she may ruin herself beyond redemption. So Poppaea must have seen to putting down thy name. Nero cares nothing for the matter. there would have been no rescue for they? Dy Hades! if life has grown hateful to thee. and that she wants to win thee. — "I must see her. unable to leave the house. but Lygia too. who has no conception of poetry or music. since for him thou art a soldier." "I implore thee. a less easy death may meet thee. It was easier once to converse with thee. I said that I loved another. and she will get Lygia even from under the earth. for shouldst thou offend Poppae. Thou wilt ruin not only thyself." "Who? Lygia?" "Lygia. lose not the remnant of reason which the Christians have left in thee. Thou knowest that. having a choice between probable and certain destruction? Have I not said already that if thou hadst wounded the Augusta's vanity. How is it possible to hesitate. still thy name is on the list. which proves that some one does not credit my stories and has seen to this purposely. Summon thy attention and listen." "Indeed she is daring. that Poppxa saw her on the Palatine." "In the grove I knew not that she was speaking to me.important. or Pythagoras. I have said on the Palatine that thou art ill. What concerns thee specially? Would this affair cause thee loss. but. however. It will not be difficult for her to guess why thou art rejecting such lofty favor.

did not dare to detain him. O son of Jove. "Real virtue is a ware for which no one inquires now." answered Chio. with signs of hunger on his face and in rags. and curiosity overcame his disgust. O Serapis. but the thought came to him that the Greek perhaps knew something of Lygia. washing it down with his tears."I know not." Vinicius at the first moment wished to give the order to throw him out of doors. Chilo came to his house unexpectedly. an interview with Lygia. and finally the information which through love for thee I have collected." "Then hurry. whom I love and deify. lord! What thou didst give me I paid Atractus for books." But Vinicius did not hear. who had the former command to admit him at all hours of the day or night. and share with thee dominion over the world. O descendant of the Sun. my love. if not to thee. I told thee once how I had given a slave of the divine Petronius one thread from the girdle of the Paphian Venus? I know now that it helped her. and a genuine sage must be glad of this even. unless she wishes thy ruin. but I thought to myself: To whom can I go. for whom I have exposed my life?" "Why hast thou come. I have another such thread. Sentences of death may be issued in Antium also. for Bronzebeard will not postpone his departure. so he went straight to the atrium. O Baal." Vinicius shrugged his shoulders. who knowest what is happening in that house. Thou rememberest. "What has happened to thee?" "Evil. lord. knowest also what Eunice is there. One thought alone occupied him." 255 . but the servants. my tears. though she is a Christian. lord. and I bring my misery. and what dost thou bring?" "I come for aid." "Well. and standing before Vinicius said. hence he began to think over methods. — "May the gods give thee immortality. The slave who was to write down my wisdom fled. but I must see her. Meanwhile something intervened which might set aside every difficulty. and it will ccrtainly. and afterward I was robbed and ruined. "Is that thou?" asked he. "She saved me from the hands of Ursus. and thou. I am in misery. to gnaw in a garret. Ah. taking the remnant of what thy generosity bestowed on me. I have preserved it for thee. He entered wretched and worn. it may turn out that she has more judgment than thou. that once in five days he has something with which to buy from the butcher a sheep's head.

who goes as before to the miller. with their mercy and forbidding faith? Is it not time to shake himself free of all that? Is it not time to live as all live? What will Lygia do later. Yes. She is there with Ursus. and said. and said quickly. Demas! Ursus works in the night. and this time a certain one. and he believes so yet. not to learn what was happening to them. but he believed that I was. Linus is old. that gratitude filled my heart. — "I know where the divine Lygia is living. My lord. save to reconcile her fate 256 ." "Whence dost thou know all this?" "Thou rememberest. But above all I was thinking of thee. thou wilt not find him. unless to remain so forever? And let all religions perish! What will the Christians mean to him then. Once he has Lygia in his house. how health was serving them. Still they spared me. Our last attempt ended in defeat. and the ease with which they forgive every injustice lent me special courage." The blood rushed to Vinicius's head. and spared me. lord. lord. This was my thought: Am I to desert friends and benefactors? Would 1 not have been hardhearted not to inquire about them. poor man. on thee alone it depends to have that magnanimous king's daughter in thy house this very night. — "Where is she?" "With Linus. I am a man of former. The house stands apart. of better times. lord. At first 1 was restrained by fear that they might interpret my wishes incorrectly. who can take her? Once he makes Lygia his mistress.Here he stopped. Temptation shook all his being again. what will be left to her. Then be not astonished. but can such a son of Fortune be reconciled with defeat? So I prepared victory for thee. Glaucus was mistaken in thinking that I was the cause of his misfortunes. so as to anticipate the outburst. Thou mayst give command to thy slaves to surround it so that not a mouse could escape. But the love which I bore them proved greater than my fear. True. so if thou surround the house at night. But should that happen. and where they were living? By the Pessinian Cybele! I am not capable of such conduct." Vinicius repressed the emotion with which that news filled him. that the Christians had me in their hands. the elder priest of the Christians. Yes. a namesake of thy dispensator Demas. on noticing the anger which was gathering on the brows of Vinicius. and besides him there are only two aged women in the house. remember that the cause of it is the very poor and hungry son of my father. I will show thee the street and the house. that was the method.

since he not only desires but loves her. — and his this very day. I will command to give thee three hundred stripes in the domestic prison. against luxury. a benefactress kind and glorified. it is true. and to the little cross which she left him before going. her loves and her soul. He glanced at Chio. blessed the moment." In this way all will be cut short and ended. He saw her again bent over his couch. blessed the day. for to her he is indebted for life. he felt that his love needed something more. disgust unspeakable took possession of Vinicius. and he loves her specially because she is as she is? All at once he felt that it was not enough for him to have her in the house. And it is a question. In an instant he knew what to do. for he did not believe in them. he turned toward Club and said. whether that religion will hold out in her soul against the world which is new to her.with the religion which she professes? That." Chilo grew pale. she will be his. that he had promised not to raise a hand against her. and excitements to which she must yield. too. he remembered the Lygian's fist raised above him. dressed in the garb of a slave. blessed his life. as he would a foul worm or venomous serpent. and give an order at dark. unsatisfied desire. who. beautiful as a divinity. But to seize her by violence would be to destroy that happiness forever. Those are matters devoid of importance. if she feels injured. That instant. and thus repair the wrong. it was not enough to seize her in his arms by superior force. First of all. Yes. too. Will he pay for all that by a new attack? Will he drag her by the hair as a slave to his cubiculum? And how will he be able to do so. to that he feels bound. and an endless propounding of problems without answer. Terror seized him now at the very thought of this. — her consent. while watching him. Blessed that roof. — "I will not do what thou advisest. as the sun. "suffering. and a wish to trample that former assistant of his. for he did not believe in him yet. pushed his hands under his rags and scratched himself uneasily. He needs only to detain Chio. lest thou go without just reward. His eyes passed to the larariuni unconsciously. not by Christ. he will marry her. All may happen to-day. and at the same time to destroy. But knowing no measure in anything. is a question of inferior significance. and following the impulse of his stern Roman nature. Here he recalled the day in which with Croton he had attacked her retreat. He recollected. And then delight without end! "What has my life been?" thought Vinicius. but. and all that had happened later. There was so much cold resolution in the 257 . if she come under it willingly. Then the happiness of both will be as inexhaustible as the ocean. Finally. But by what had he sworn? Not by the gods. and defile that which is most precious and alone beloved in life.

unfortunate — I have served thee — dost thou repay in this manner?" "As thou didst the Christians. "In the name of Christ!" called the Greek. But he was thinking of Lygia. But here he stopped at this thought: Would Lygia praise his treatment of Chio? The religion which she professes commands forgiveness. and gave the order. while his face was covered with deathly pallor. He thought that he had made some great approach toward Lygia. Fifty are enough! A hundred. — "How. He felt great relief. at the exit of the corridor. nay. and bending double began to groan in a broken voice. though they had greater reasons for revenge. hungry. 258 . O king of Persia? Why? —O pyramid of kindness! Colossus of mercy! For what? — I am old. Had he even thought of Chio's suffering he would have considered that he had acted properly in giving command to punish such a villain." said Vinicius. mercy.beautiful face of Vinicius that he could not deceive himself for a moment with the hope that the promised reward was no more than a cruel jest. and said to her: I will not pay thee with evil for good. and he determined to remit the remainder of the punishment. and that some high reward should be given him. O lord! I am old! Fifty. and had him flogged for the very acts for which he had rewarded him previously. mercy!" Vinicius thrust him away with his foot. the Christians forgave the villain. Vmicius was left alone. And he called the dispensator. He endeavored to collect his scattered thoughts. and. seizing Chilo by the remnant of his hair. thou wilt be grateful. not three hundred stripes. In the twinkle of an eye two powerful Quadi followed the dispensator. — "O lord. tied his own rags around his neck and dragged him to the prison. and bring them to order. The order just issued roused and enlivened him. But Chilo sprang toward his feet. not three hundred! Oh. and to occupy his attention with one wretched Greek. embracing them convulsively. and the victory which he had gained over himself filled him with comfort. He was too much of a Roman yet to be pained by another man's suffering. talked. Then for the first time was heard in his soul the cry: "In the name of Christ!" He remembered then that Chilo had ransomed himself from the hands of Ursus with such a cry. and. and when thou shalt learn how I acted with him who strove to persuade me to raise hands against thee. Hence he threw himself on his knees in one instant. At the first moment it did not even occur to him that he had done a grievous wrong to Chio.

Forget that thou hast served me." "Dog. Chilo was as pale as linen. and not far from Miriam. — "Thanks to thee.——"Here it is. for. "I shall be able to go at once. fabling on his knees. forget also this house. Linus dwelt in the Trans-Tiber. lord. and disappeared at a signal. will pay thee 259 . with chattering teeth. but listen first to what I tell thee. and down his legs threads of blood were flowing to the mosaic pavement of the atrium. though terror raised the hair on his head. began to speak. even to Magna Graecia.With that object he was going to summon the dispensator. Thou art great and merciful. I am really hungry — I will go. my freedman. Command to give me even remnants from the plate of thy dog." "Be silent and listen. and said. a piece of gold." "Well. and I will go. and said." said Vinicius. when that person stood before him. Peter.— "Lord. and. Am I to command further flogging?" "Revive him and bring him before me. At last Chibo showed Vinicius a small house. lord. and perhaps he is dead." repeated he. and said in a failing voice. surrounded by a wall covered entirely with ivy. where Demas." "O lord. Rise! Thou wilt go and show mc the house in which Lygia dwel1s. He was conscious. and they went out. "Only let wine warm me. lord. standing apart." The chief of the atrium vanished behind the curtain. and Glaucus dwell. could not go to take food. "know that I forgave thee because of that Christ to whom I owe my own life." He regained some strength after a time. The way was long. with extended hands. I will go! but I have not the strength." Vinicius commanded to give him food. but the revival could not have been easy. and a mantle. when the slaves brought in Chio. weakened by stripes and hunger. for Vinicius waited a long time and was growing impatient. and all Christians. forget where Miriam. like the majority of Christians. "go thy way now. lest Vinicius might mistake his weakness for stubbornness and command to flog him anew. — "Lord. the old man has fainted." said Vinicius." Chilo sprang up. Thou wilt come every month to my house. But Chio. however. but he was barely on his feet when he grew more deathly pale yet. I will serve Him and thee.

260 . I will have thee flogged. and." But when Vinicius vanished beyond the corner of the street. — "I will forget. — "By Ate and the Furies! I will not forget!" Then he grew faint again. But shouldst thou spy further after Christians. or delivered into the hands of the prefect of the city. threatening with his fists." Chilo bowed down. exclaimed.two pieces of gold. he stretched his hands after him. and said.

Besides Miriam. but greeting the lad cordially. "Sit down." "For this reason the blessing of the Lord will be upon thee. Vinicius found Peter." said Peter." "I will sit down and share your repast. and I say to you: Give her to me as wife. Before I knew you. but your virtue and your religion. I might surround her hiding-place and seize her. who had returned recently from Fregellae. — "I greet you in the name of Christ. astonishment was reflected on all faces. I have returned from before the house of Linus. But listen to me further: I have not done so. "I thank thee. so that I do not venture on violence. so that ye may know my sincerity. I should have taken her undoubtedly. have changed something in my soul. "I have seen your virtue and experienced your kindness. but it is so. and thy heart will be purified. I know where Lygia is. I know not myself why this is so. still I have not done so." answered Peter. and I swear that not only will I not forbid her to confess Christ. whom ye honor. Before the gate he met Nazarius. thou Peter. I have at my houses in the city nearly five hundred slaves. hence I come as a friend. though I do not profess it. for ye take the place of Lygia's father and mother. lord. and thou Paul of Tarsus.Chapter 33 VINICIUS went directly to the house in which Miriam lived." "And we greet thee as a friend. which is near this dwelling. hence I come to you." 261 ." "May His name be glorified forever!" answered they. Glaucus. as a guest. who was confused at sight of him. but first listen to me. At sight of the young tribune. but he said. and will not. but I will begin myself to learn His religion. Crispus. and Paul of Tarsus. he asked to be conducted to his mother's lodgings. I have a right to her given me by Caesar. and partake of our refreshment. and held her by force. though I am living in suffering and sadness.

so that you may trust me. but tell me yourselves what ye bring. I have not known your religion much so far. a sin to want happiness? Are ye enemies of life? Must a Christian be wretched? Must I renounce Lygia? What is truth in your view? Your deeds and words are like transparent water. I was fond of pleasure. I know it now. I am tortured from love and uncertainty. Is this true? Men tell me that ye are madmen. If there is brightness beyond your doors. the court of Caesar. a little from your works. but still hc was moved. a sin to feel joy. I cannot do so now. and every crime. naked bodies. or authority. I am neither your enemy nor Christ's. nor whether my nature can endure it. cithar~. then. for people say so who love the truth. — not crime. for the breath was taken from m~ through disgust. A little from you. and when I think that she is what she is through your religion." said Peter. I wish to be sincere. and though I am not a Christian yet. a little from Lygia. I believe." Here his brows met in wrinkle of pain. I am disgusted by feasts. Another might say. Baptize me. and mercy. — "As ye see. but what is under that water? Ye see that I am sincere. Know ye that I do not recognize myself. But since I understand it not. and a flush appeared on his cheeks. or happiness. now I have abandoned it. and who saw Him after death. At this moment it is a question of life with me." "We bring love. Is it a sin to love. Formerly I believed in superior force. When silence followed his words. I love her the more. the other night I fled from the pond of Agrippa. that your religion produces virtue. or law. or order. or human joy. singing. I love and desire that religion. Scatter the darkness. a little from conversations with you. wine. Rome created power. — "I know what obstacles exist. Enlighten me. what ye bring. still I tell you the truth. or Roman dominion. I knew no pity. since I know not whether I shall be able to live according to it. which is laid to your charge. but I love her as my own eyes. he continued. 262 . but they — what do they bring? Tell. as if I were in prison. I believe that Christ rose from the dead. justice. Still I repeat that it has made some change in me. as if wishing to anticipate an unfavorable answer. When I think that Lygia is like snow in the mountains. and his legs trembled beneath his mantle.He spoke with head erect and decisively. Formerly I held my servants with an iron hand. garlands. Men say this to me also: Greece created beauty and wisdom. Men tell me that in your religion there is no place for life. I say. open them. after that he spoke on with growing haste and greater emotion. for I have seen myself. I am in uncertainty and suffering.

Peter was pleased. and pressed it in gratitude to his lips." Hearing this. that his fishing-net had gathered in a new soul. I am become sounding brass. But I will add that this cannot happen in Rome.And Paul of Tarsus added. for he understood that his sowing had fallen on an additional field. who had spoken with enthusiasm already. but have not love. in the name of the Redeemer of mankind. for I feel happy. thy soul and thy love. In Antium I have a villa where we shall assemble to hear your teaching. for I have the order. and there are Christians among pretorians even. so do for me what ye have done for those for whose sake ye have come from Judea. That descendant of Quirites. like a bird in a cage. They say that Acte is a Christian. — do it. It will be safer for you than for roe. Peter was at that moment the pastor of a 263 . done nothing else. indeed. to him will be opened. — "Whoso knocketh. in fact. for I myself have seen soldiers kneeling before thee. ye can announce your truth in the very court of Caesar. for this reason I bless thee. which. But if I have found favor in your eyes." Vinicius. exclaimed in one voice. Glaucus told me that ye are ready to go to the end of the earth for one soul. Peter. he said." But the heart of the old Apostle was stirred by that soul in suffering. — "Praise to the Lord in the highest!" Vinicius rose with a radiant face. hence a negative answer did not even come to their minds. Caesar is goin to Antium and I must go with him. — "I see that happiness may dwell among you. who till recently had not recognized humanity in a foreigner. they began to take counsel. at the side of Nero. arid desert not my soul. and an uncommon thing happened. sprang toward Peter on hearing this blessing. to wander to the end of the earth for one human soul. hence. and a descendant of one of the oldest Roman families. Those present. at the Nomentan gate. was struggling toward air and the sun. go with me to teach your truth. and since the death of the Master they had. stretching his hand to Vinicius. thinking with delight of the victory of their religion. Even in that great throng of people. not less pleased by that evident expression of honor for the Apostle of God. and began. would have. — "If I speak with the tongues of men and of angels. They were ready. Ye know that not to obey is death. and I think that ye can convince me of other things in the same way. The favor and grace of God is upon thee. seized the hand of the old Gahilean. and of the significance for the pagan world which the conversion of an Augustian.

barely able to keep his feet. whether she would take me as husband should my soul become Christian. and who was preparing for a long journey to the East to visit churches there and freshen them with a new spirit of zeal. 264 . thanked him with gratitude. But round about she saw clear glances.whole multitude. Let me see her before I go." Peter smiled kindly and said. but at sight of him she halted as if fixed to the earth. and then turned to the old Apostle with his last request. hence he could not go. Her face flushed.— "Have no fear of Caesar. — "Lygia. It was not far. Vinicius. She ran in. and then became very pale. to whom he owed so much. The Apostle Peter approached her and asked. telling her not to say who was with them. dost thou love him as ever?" A moment of silence followed. for he could not in any way restrain his overflowing heart. I know not how long I shall be in Antium. and remember that near Caesar no one is sure of to-morrow." He sent Miriam for Lygia. Vinicius wished to run forth to meet her. for I tell thee that a hair will not fall from thy head. who feels that it is guilty. "I might have gone to her and asked. and let me ask her if she will forget my evil and return good. and he stood with beating heart. It was easy to find a ship there going to Grecian waters. she looked with astonished and frightened eyes on those present." said he. — "But who could refuse thee a proper joy. as is proper. unsuspecting. but I prefer to ask thee. let me delight my eyes with her. so as to give the maiden more delight. a hundred times more excited than when for the first time in life he heard the Parthian arrows whizzing round his head. could not visit Antium. Petronius himself told me that I should not be altogether safe there. though sad because Peter. breathless. O Apostle! Permit me to see her. The Apostle took him by the temples and said. — "Knowing Lygia's dwelling. but sees that it must confess the guilt. or take me thyself to her. full of kindness. Her lips began to quiver like those of a child who is preparing to cry. but at sight of that beloved form happiness took his strength. consented to accompany the young tribune to Antium. but Paul of Tarsus. my son?" Vinicius stooped again to Peter's hands. who had been in Aricium and Fregellae not long before. so after a short time those in the chamber saw among the myrtles of the garden Miriam leading Lygia by the hand.

— "Love each other in the Lord and to His glory. Peter placed his hands on their heads."Answer. and fear in her voice." 265 . obedience. — "I do." In one moment Vinicius knelt at her side." said the Apostle. with humility. and said. kneeling at the knees of Peter. for there is no sin in your love. she whispered. Then.

said. and advised him to seize her a second time. and. The Parcae weave the thread of life for others. finally. even when he was at the house of Aulus. "Then why didst thou go?" She raised her iris-colored eyes to him. as his eyes were opened gradually to this.Chapter 34 WHILE walking with Lygia through the garden. for love was stronger than he. he could not explain this to her clearly. but was not able. but he chose to punish Chilo. That little cross of boxwood twigs which she had left reminded him of her. Vinicius described briefly. in words from the depth of his heart. and go to the Apostles to ask for truth and for her. as the last time she fled from the house of Miriam. when she was on the Palatine. — that beauty of a new kind altogether was coming to the 266 . and began again to speak.— "Thou knowest —" Vinicius was silent for a moment from excess of happiness. — that is. He thought whole days and nights of her. and she will not flee from him. He had loved her when she was in the house of Aulus. that which a short time before he had confessed to the Apostles. beginning with the hour when he left Miriam's dwelling. when she watched at his bedside. and when she deserted him. — that cross. "I did not flee from thee. but they had their origin in love. And he yearned more and more every moment." said Lygia. And blessed be that moment in which such a thought came to his head. which he had placed in the lararium and revered involuntarily as something divine. and melancholy had woven it for him. for now he is at her side. for he could not define his feeling. but love. the changes which had taken place in him. who discovered her dwelling. He confessed to Lygia that he had tried to forget her. Besides. Then came Chilo. the alarm of his soul. bending her blushing face. and had seized his soul altogether. and. — that she was different utterly from Roman women. yearning. that immense yearning which had veiled life from him. when he saw her in Ostrianum listening to Peter's words. and resembled Pomponia alone. when he went with Croton to carry her away. His acts had been evil.

"that it had not even risen in my mind to take thee from Aulus. for I had never heard such words. "I should have perished but for thee.' said I to him. but perhaps fate ordained thus. They passed near the summer-house covered with thick ivy." said the young man. and that if he had taken her back to them from the Palatine she would have told them of her love and tried to soften their anger against him. Then. for otherwise I should not have known the Christians. but a spirit." answered Lygia. Lygia!" At last he inquired what had taken place in her mind. beauty which is not merely a statue.world in her." answered Lygia. In Ostrianum I listened to the Apostle with wonder. Petronius will tell thee sometime that I told him then how I loved and wished to marry thee. "True. Aiilus would have freed him long ago. and repeated her name." "Had he been a slave. Lygia. — that he loved her just because she had fled from him." replied Lygia. seizing her hand." "Believe me." Vinicius raised his head with a certain astonishment. and should not have understood thee." 267 . and let her sit at my hearth. 'Let her anoint my door with wolf fat. which filled her with delight. with animation. and that she would be sacred to him at his hearth. "and do not speak of it to Ursus. How often in my sorrow have I cursed him. he merely gazed on her with rapture as on his life's happiness which he had won. and gave Caesar the idea of demanding thee as a hostage and giving thee to me. he could not continue. "Here." said Vinicius. Marcus. "Oh. He told her something. "Everything fixed itself so marvellously that in seeking thee I met the Christians. threw himself upon Vinicius. "it was Christ who led thee to Himself by design. But he ridiculed me. and approached the place where Ursus. I should have given him freedom straightway. howcver. as if to assure himself that he had found her and was near her." "Could I be revenged on him for defending thee? Had he been a slave. such beauty as had not been in it thus far. after stifling Croton." answered he. And there thou didst pray for me?" "I did. "I swear to thee. and she confessed that she had loved him while in the house of Aulus." "Do not mention that.

carissima. but the answer was. when thou art mine. blushing still more deeply at mention of the pronuba. The pronuba5 usually brings them behind the bride. 268 . and even should he remain.. When Paul of Tarsus teaches me your faith. and Vinicius began to entreat again with a trembling voice. Caius. — "Tell Ursus to go to the house of Aulus for thy furniture and playthings of childhood." But she. that Caesar might hear of it and take revenge on Aulus and Pomponia? Think of this: thou mayst see them now as often as thou wishest. for he wishes to go to Achiea. for love had begun to stop the 5. in love with each other. and ask what I did with the hostage whom he gave me. and Lygia. as if taking Heaven as witness of his love." "I know that. Lygia leaned against his breast. I will seat thee at my hearth. Marcus?" "I say 'now. 'Wherever thou art. Caia." Here he placed his hands together and repeated. there am I." "How." asked Vinicius. without being able to take in with their breasts their happiness. I will come here. and they will remind me of thee. and there will be no further hindrance. so do this.The matron who accompanies the bride and explains to her the duties of a wife. "I swear to thee that never has woman been so honored in the house of her husband as thou shalt be in mine. raising her clear eyes to him. For should Caesar hear of this. I will take them to my villa in Antium. diva. like two deities." For a time they walked on in silence."Dost thou remember. — "Custom commands otherwise.'" "No. — "It will be some days before Pomponia returns. gain the friendship of Aulus and Pornponia." "But Pomponia will do as she likes. but do this for me." cried Vinicius. Lygia. "that I wished to take thee back to Aulus. and she Visits the house of Aulus with my consent. and as beautiful as if spring had given them to the world with the flowers. They halted at last under the cypress growing near the entrance of the house. blushing like a rose or like the dawn. Oh. like a child who is begging for something. I should say 'I married her. carissima! carissirna!" And he stretched forth his liand.' He will not remain long in Antium. who will return to the city by that time. I will receive baptism at once.' and I think that thou wilt be able to see them without danger. said. I shall not need to see him daily." answered Lygia. do this. answered. And again they were silent. — "And then I shall say.

and in their mutual ecstasy that cypress. "See. Vinicius changed in the face. They sat down then with the Apostles. her face whitening in the shadow. In the silence of the afternoon they only heard the beating of their hearts. the myrtle bushes. Peter broke and blessed bread. and the ivy of the summer-house became for them a paradise of love." said Paul at last. her bosom heaving with more and more life. and invited them to the afternoon meal. Lygia stood with shoulders leaning against the cypress. as on the young generation which after their death would preserve anti sow still further the seed of the new faith. "for never have I been so happy as among you. But Miriam appeared in the door. "are we enemies of life and happiness?" "I know how that is." 269 . turning to Vinicius." answered Vinicius.breath in their breasts. and grew pale. like a flower. her eyes drooping. who gazed at them with pleasure. and a certain immense happiness seemed to overflow the whole house. There was calm on all faces.

I am looking also for Persius. I trust. stopping it with a sign of his hand. so I am collecting a special supply for the journey. besides. laughing at sight of the slumbering Petronius. a cloth around his thick neck has 270 . and a happy one!" cried he. be ready for the day after to-morrow in the morning. carried by eight stalwart Bithynians. is it thou?" said Petronius. "Thou hast had a pleasant dream. We will talk of Antium. as I passed the night at the Palatine. while returning home through the Forum. It is likely that some new things of Musonius and Seneca have come out. which I do not possess. What is the news?" "Art thou visiting the book-shops?" inquired Vinicius. "Yes. that we start for Antium the day after to-morrow." "Whence should I know that?" "In what world art thou living? Well. I was at the shop of Avirnus. how tired I am. saw at the entrance to the Vicus Tuscus the gilded litter of Petronius.Chapter 35 ON the evening of that day Vinicius. he approached the curtains. Yes. I dropped asleep for a moment. knowest what? — send home the litter and the tubes with books. and a certain edition of the Eclogues of Vergilius. "Thou must know. waking up." answered Petronius. and how my hands ache from covers and rings! For when a man is once in a book-shop curiosity seizes him to look here and there. and at that of Atractus on the Argiletum. "Yes. "Oh. I have come out to buy something to read on the road to Antium. I do not like to bring disorder into my library. coming out of the litter. I shall be the first to announce the news to thee. Oh. Peas in olive oil have not helped. By Castor! how I want to sleep!" "Thou wert on the Palatine? Then I would ask thee what is it to be heard there? Or. and of something else?' "That is well. and. and come to my house. and with the Sozii on Vicus Sandalarius.

so thou knowest not. and then in Rome. That passed the measure of madness. now about Christians. He says that the smells which the wind brings from the narrow streets are driving him into the grave. as a charioteer. even Rome will not endure that!" "My dear friend. Paris taught him during two weeks. 271 . and Bronzebeard is hoarse. waved his hands like a drunken sailor. — nay. He was as wet and slippery as an eel freshly taken from water. but imagine to thyself Ahenobarbus as Leda or as the divine swan. and he longs for the sea at the earliest. Nero married. In view of this. what happened two days since. Rome will endure anything. as an athlete. now about Lygia. That was a swan! — there is no use in denying it. as a musician. but to think that a Roman Caesar will appear as a mime! No. who were summoned. came and performed the ceremony with solemnity. but especially to the Senate. To-day great sacrifices were offered in all the temples to restore his voice. who appeared as a bride. I confess. as a poet. still I thought.' And the rabble will be elated because Caesar is its buffoon. the Senate will pass a vote of thanks to the 'Father of his country. "He would appear in the Olympic games. "Thou art living by thyself at home. should it not return quickly!" "Then there would be no reason for his visit to Achaea?" "But is that the only talent possessed by our divine Caesar?" asked Petronius. delay is not to be mentioned. perhaps. whirled like a spindle. and danced for us the adventures of Leda. But he wants to appear before the public in that pantomime. it would seem. in public. I was present. with what the world stands on.not helped. Dost know why that monkey grew hoarse? Yesterday he wanted to equal our Paris in dancing. and woe to Rome. He curses Rome and its atmosphere. till disgust seized me while looking at that great stomach and those slim legs." "Say thyself. and meditating. even as a dancer. he would be glad to level it to the earth or to destroy it with fire. He changed masks one after another." "People are offended already because he sang in public. with his 'Burning of Troy'. — first in Antium. and would receive in every case all the crowns intended for victors. Pythagoras. I can endure much. is it possible to be more debased?" Petronius shrugged his shoulders. smiling. during which he sweated and caught cold. would it not? And what wilt thou say? the flamens.

"I have invited thee purposely to tell thee so. hence. — "No." 272 . beginning to laugh. and this god who reviles the gods. and at the first cold wind he perishes. then." He said this so carelessly and with such animation and gladness that his whole manner struck Petronius. Claudius? But never mind. fears them in his character of atheist. and an atheist. who called for supper joyously." "We shall not renew it." answered Petronius. — "What is taking place in thee? Thou art to-day as thou wert when wearing the golden bulla on thy neck. By the son of Maia! more than once have I given myself this question: By what miracle has such a man as Lucius Saturninus been able to reach the age of ninetythree. even against his will." said Vinicius. Give command to cithara players to come to the supper. and afterward we will talk of Antium. if there be any. he said: "One should add that this chief priest who does not believe in the gods." "I am happy." Vinicius gave the order to send for Eunice. "True." "So he is in one person chief priest. It is needful to think of it. somehow. — he lives in the sunshine of favor." Then. but declared that he had no thought of breaking his head over the stay in Antium. and I should like to be joyous. should give a sign. Wilt thou permit me to send thy litter for Eunice? My wish to sleep has gone." said Petronius. "That had not entered my head." "What a society!" "As the society is. turning to Petronius he said.that the gods. and he is right. a god." "What has happened?" "Something which I would not give for the Roman Empire. to survive Tiberius. stopping a moment. especially for thee. society must be renewed. my dear. Caligula. But this will not last long." Thus conversing. he asked. "Let those break their heads who cannot live otherwise than in the rays of Caesar's favor. The world does not end on the Palatine. But Caesar does not believe in the gods. especially for those who have something else in their hearts and souls." "The proof of this is what happened in the temple of Vesta. so is Caesar. they entered the house of Vinicius. but the combination is such as the world has not seen. looking for a time at him." answered Vinicius. "even for the reason that in Nero's time man is like a butterfly.

" said Vinicius. that one more beautiful than our maidens and our goddesses?" Petronius looked at him with astonishment. and asked. that incomparable. "Let the slaves stand before me to the last soul. and there thou didst see for the first time the godlike maiden called by thee 'the dawn and the spring'? Dost remember that Psyche." "What!" But Vinicius sprang up and called his dispensator. "Evidently I remember Lygia. as if not believing their ears. Send an order to the village prisons to remit punishment. they went away hurriedly. Know that a happy day has come to me. and.Then he sat down. "To-morrow. and to make such signs on the ground as they choose. and girls. With each moment the atrium was filled more and more. strike the fetters from people's feet." "I am her betrothed. the freedman." For a moment they stood in silence. boys. standing near the impluvium. "I will command them to meet again in the garden. Though they desired to thank him and to fall at his feet. where they will receive freedom. — "Dost remember how we were at the house of Aulus Plautius." voices were heard calling in various languages. "Of whom art thou speaking?" asked he at last. called "fauces. and said. women. turned to Demas. and feed them sufficiently. in corridors. leaning on the arm of the chair. — "Those who have served twenty years in my house are to appear tomorrow before the pretor. Lygia will free those who draw a fish." 273 . But before he recovered from his astonishment the immense atrium was swarming with people. and I wish rejoicing in the house. those who have not served out the time will receive three pieces of gold and double rations for a week. all took their places in rows at the walls and among the columns. then all hands were raised at once. Vinicius. — "A-a! lord! a-a-a!" Vinicius dismissed them with a wave of his hand. men in the vigor of life. Panting old men ran in. as if he wished to make sure that his head was right. filling the house with happiness from cellar to roof. and all mouths cried. rested his head on his hand. quickly!" "Art thou her betrothed?" repeated Petronius. Finally.

" added he after a while. permit me. "in Rome everything changes. as thou seest. who is revengeful." "Ha. And if thou think to turn me against him by repeating his name with irony. her royal descent is more certain than Acte's. that the Apostle Peter may not turn out a false phophet." "But one question more." Then he extended his hand to Vinicius. joyfully. traitor!" answered Vinicius. May Flora strew flowers under thy feet for long years. — "A fish. had grqwn indifferent. thou art mistaken. is it? Ah. the Apostle Peter told thee! Against that there is no argument." "Do what may please thee. But in Antium be on thy guard against Poppaea. with cool blood. ha! According to Chio. wives change husbands. thou art mistaken. and we an honest Augusta. whom for his sake they represented as the descendant of a kingly line. "but I have changed my opinion." "I? Dissuade? By no means. I tell thee that thou art doing well." "I do not think of doing so. and said: "Happiness is always where a man sees it." "I thank thee. why should not I change opinions? It lacked little of Nero's marrying Acte. Husbands change wives. but whence hast thou that certainty?" "The Apostle Peter told me so. I remember.Petronius. he would have had an honest wife. would be time lost. however. Hast thou become a Christian?" 274 . and asked." answered Petronius. "hast forgotten what thou didst tell me once when we were leaving the house of Pomponia Graecina?" "No. to take certain measures of precaution even to this end. should the Apostle be mistaken. A hair will not fall from my head in Antium. for. which certainly will be of use to him in the future. for I thought that thou wouldst dissuade me. By Proteus and his barren spaces in the sea! I shall change my opinion as often as I find it appropriate or profitable. who never wondered long at anything. Well. and that. My dear." "Ah. but I believe him. perchance he might lose thy confidence. As to Lygia." "If thou think to astonish me a second time. I wish thee everything which thou wishest thyself. that is the sign of a Christian. On the contrary.

"No. and I shall flourish till the arrows of the divine archer pierce me. to which I am preparing to go with our fat. confess that faith. they are in the palace of Caesar itself. "there are thousands and tens of thousands of them in Rome. but I arrange it on earth for myself. Vinicius told of Chilo's visit. I do not believe in Olympus. Dost thou know that the Cornelii are Christians. With thy nature. I love the odor of violets too much. in the cities of Italy. godlike Caesar. that Pomponia Graecina is a Christian. with as much warmth as if he had been baptized already. "But it is astonishing how skilled those people are in gaining adherents. I love even our gods. then. my Eunice. that likely Octavia was. and it alone is able to renew it." But he stopped. by the son of Leto! I will not receive it. and I have no fondness for labor. and Acte is? Yes. my cameos. and Achcea. he said. something like this may happen any time. — an idea which came to him while they were flogging Chilo. thin-legged. poor and rich. But I? I have my gems. for the arrival of Eunice was announced. and began to sing in an undertone. — "I will entwine my bright sword in myrtle. or till Caesar commands me to open my veins. during which songs were sung by the cithara players. in Grecce and Asia." "All the better for thee and Lygia. the august period-compelling Hercules. and a comfortable triclinium. plebeian and patrician. my vases." answered Vinicius. Nero. and I will not deny myself anything. as rhetorical figures. and how that sect is extending. for thy statement that they are enemies of life and pleasantness is not true. for who knows whether in a month or a year thou wilt not receive it thyself?" "I?" said Petronius. shrugging his shoulders." "Yes. After the example of Harmodius and Aristogiton. but Paul of Tarsus will travel with me to explain the teachings of Christ. That would require labor."Not yet." Then he was joyous at the very supposition that he could accept the teaching of Galilean fishermen. that teaching will embrace the world. There are Christians among the legions and among the pretorians. Do not shrug thy shoulders. Slaves and citizens. 275 . and afterward I will receive baptism. as if to himself." answered Petronius. incomparable. which is like fire and boiling water. Immediately after her coming supper was served. Labor demands selfdenial. even if the truth and wisdom of gods and men were contained in it. and also how that visit had given the idea of going to the Apostles directly.

and said. in the hour of my delight." And. and embrace thy feet. and I will stay. When I cannot come I shall send a slave with a letter. I congratulate thee on thy future house with my whole soul. I do this for thy sake. and an inquiry about thee. to gladden my eyes with sight of thee. God grant that I never see liberation. But if thou wish me not to go. it was better to flog him. with Eunice. Caesar will go to Antium after to-morrow. Vatinius. secondly. — and I. Hence I write now. To-day. those who have served in the house twenty years I shall take to the pretor to-morrow and free. but to-day I cannot call thee otherwise. I shall sit on a horse. eheu! must go with him. divine one. But as to Chilo. I shall obey. he. shouldst praise me. Petronius. I have told thee already that not to obey would be to risk life — and at present I could not find courage to die. prepared for home. I should have given him five pieces of gold. They are to thank thee for their freedom. since the object was good. Whenever I can tear myself away. so that they may be grateful to thee and praise thy name. Good-night. removing his wreath. I shall tell them so to-morrow.At mention of this. and rush back to Rome. If thou forbid. I salute thee. though I shall see thee tomorrow. I gave rewards to all my slaves." 276 . I wish this letter to say Goodday! to thee. if I were. Be not angry that I call thee divine. my dear. Vinicius went to his library and wrote to Lygia as follows: — "When thou openest thy beautiful eyes. as to-day they are bowing to our cobbler-knight. Thou. since this act as I think will be in accord with that mild religion of thine. and the journey of Ahenobarbus! Thrice and four times happy am I in not being so wise as Petronius. I give myself in bondage to happiness and thee. — "The thought was good. who began to be drowsy. Perronius will turn away danger from me with a speech. write one word. I should be forced to go to Greece perhaps. When they had gone. Meanwhile the moment of separation will sweeten my memory of thee. for who knows but in time senators will bow to him. but as it was thy will to flog him. placed his hand on his forehead. and my ears with thy voice. May Antium be cursed.

with a certain feeling of pride. Caesar had the habit. of the latter each had a personal retinue of slaves. which was composed of palaces and villas built and furnished in a lordly manner. In the place itself. Some 277 . without reckoning divisions of pretorian guards. of taking with him on a journey every object in which he found delight. or rather the largest ship in the world. from early morning. that the whole road to Antium would be strewn in that way with flowers taken from private gardens round about. swept the road carefully. and ending with statues and mosaics. hence at the Porta Ostiensis. and from Ostia to go by the Via Littoralis to Antium. and even the most exquisite luxury of the period. drove forth five hundred she-asses through the gates. wearing goat-skins on their legs. Orders had been given a number of days earlier. beginning with musical instruments and domestic furniture. on which the Roman population could never gaze sufficiently. on every expedition by whole legions of servants. however. the throng increased every moment. The road to Antium was neither difficult nor long. In the crowds people whispered to each other. which had brought wheat recently from Alexandria. Early on the morning of that day herdsrnen from the Campania. with sunburnt faces. crowds of youth rushed forth. and Augustians. He was accompanied. therefore. which were taken even when he wished to remain on the road merely a short time for rest or recreation. The rabble gazed with delight and ridicule at the long ears swaying amid clouds of dust. it was possible to find everything demanded by comfort. As the morning hours passed. and covered it with flowers and needles from pine-trees. and listened with pleasure to the whistling of whips and the wild shouts of the herdsmen. or bought at high prices from dealers at the Porta Mugionis. crowds made up of the local rabble and of all nations of the earth had collected to feast their eyes with the sight of Caesar's retinue. so that Poppaea on the morrow of her arrival at Antium might have her bath in their milk. After the asses had gone by.Chapter 36 IT was known in Rome that Caesar wished to see Ostia on the journey.

and statues of Corinthian bronze. an equal number of soldiers. but amused it. they spread provisions on stones intended for the new temple of Ceres. purple. listened with amazement to marvellous tales of India. But objects not to be exposed to bruising or breaking in vehicles were borne by slaves.had brought their whole families. over each division of slaves were taskmasters. The throng crowded forward to look at it more nearly. and pieces of mosaic. They spoke also of that ship which Caesar was to look at. Hence hundreds of people were seen on foot. but divisions of pretorian foot were there. After they had passed. and journeys in general. The points of their bamboo spears glittered like flames. Hence a greeting full of enthusiasm was waiting for him. In advance moved wagons carrying tents. of Arabia. birds whose tongues or brains were to go to Caesar's table. who belonged to the pretorian guard. and tables of citrus. who not only nourished the populace. and West. without reckoning four hundred passengers. holding whips armed at the 278 . and tents of byssus woven from threads as white as snow. and. North. Briareus had imprisoned the sleeping Saturn. and great earrings. they talked of Caesar's present trip. on a small island inhabited by spirits. This produced general good feeling toward Caesar. or vessels of Alexandrian glass. carrying vessels. Sailors and old soldiers narrated wonders which during distant campaigns they had heard about countries which a Roman foot had never touched. of the hisses and roars which the ocean gives forth when the sun plunges into his bath. who had never gone beyond the Appian Way. lest the time might seem tedious. others to Grecian. others to golden or silver vessels. and a multitude of wild beasts to be used during the summer games. in the sun. Stories of this kind found ready credence among the rabble. Meanwhile came a detachment of Numidian horse. They wore yellow uniforms. a procession-like movement began. red. prevented approach to the road. and violet. and oriental carpets. These were guarded by small detachments of pretorian infantry and cavalry. and. of archipelagos surrounding Britain in which. red girdles. They heard of hyperborean regions of stiffened seas. and ate their prandium beneath the open sky. — a ship which had brought wheat to last for two years. stories believed by such men even as Tacitus and Pliny. of his future journeys. and kitchen utensils. and cages with birds from the East. which cast a golden gleam on their black faces. Home-stayers. in which the lead was taken by persons who had travelled. There were companies appointed specially to Etruscan vases. Here and there were groups. and vessels with wine and baskets with fruit. forming in line on both sides of the gate.

end with lumps of lead or iron, instead of snappers. The procession, formed of men bearing with importance and attention various objects, seemed like some solemn religious procession; and the resemblance grew still more striking when the musical instruments of Caesar and the court were borne past. There were seen harps, Grecian lutes, lutes of the Hebrews and Egyptians, lyres, formingas, citharas, flutes, long, winding buffalo horns and cymbals. While looking at that sea of instruments, gleaming beneath the sun in gold, bronze, precious stones, and pearls, it might be imagined that Apollo and Bacchus had set out on a journey through the world. After the instruments came rich chariots filled with acrobats, dancers male and female, grouped artistically, with wands in their hands. After them followed slaves intended, not for service, but excess; so there were boys and little girls, selected from all Greece and Asia Minor, with long hair, or with winding curls arranged in golden nets, children resembling Cupids, with wonderful faces, but faces covered completely with a thick coating of cosmetics, lest the wind of the Campania might tan their delicate complexions. And again appeared a pretorian cohort of gigantic Sicambrians, blueeyed, bearded, blond and red haired. In front of them Roman eagles were carried by banner-bearers called "imagfnarii," tablets with inscriptions, statues of German and Roman gods, and finally statues and busts of Caesar, From under the skins and armor of the soldier appeared limbs sunburnt and mighty, looking like military engines capable of wielding the heavy weapons with which guards of that kind were furnished. The earth seemed to bend beneath their measured and weighty tread. As if conscious of strength which they could use against Caesar himself, they looked with contempt on the rabble of the street, forgetting, it was evident, that many of themselves had come to that city in manacles. But they were insignificant in numbers, for the pretorian force had remained in camp specially to guard the city and hold it within bounds. When they had marched past, Nero's chained lions and tigers were led by, so that, should the wish come to him of imitating Dionysus, he would have them to attach to his chariots. They were led in chains of steel by Arabs and Hindoos, but the chains were so entwined with garlands that the beasts seemed led with flowers. The lions and tigers, tamed by skilled trainers, looked at the crowds with green and seemingly sleepy eyes; but at moments they raised their giant heads, and breathed through wheezing nostrils the exhalations of the multitude, licking their jaws the while with spiny tongues. Now came Caesar's vehicles and litters, great and small, gold or purple, inlaid with ivory or pearls, or glittering with diamonds;


after them came another small cohort of pretorians in Roman armor, pretorians composed of Italian volunteers only;6 then crowds of select slave servants, and boys; and at last came Caesar himself, whose approach was heralded from afar by the shouts of thousands. In the crowd was the Apostle Peter, who wished to see Caesar once in life. He was accompanied by Lygia, whose face was hidden by a thick veil, and Ursus, whose strength formed the surest defence of the young girl in the wild and boisterous crowd. The Lygian seized a stone to be used in building the temple, and brought it to the Apostle, so that by standing on it he might see better than others. The crowd muttered when Ursus pushed it apart, as a ship pushes waves; but when he carried the stone, which four of the strongest men could not raise, the muttering was turned into wonderment, and cries of "Macte!" were heard round about. Meanwhile Caesar appeared. He was sitting in a chariot drawn by six white Idumean stallions shod with gold. The chariot had the form of a tent with sides open, purposely, so that the crowds could see Caesar. A number of persons might have found place in the chariot; but Nero, desiring that attention should be fixed on him exclusively, passed through the city alone, having at his feet merely two deformed dwarfs. He wore a white tunic, and a toga of amethyst color, which cast a bluish tinge on his face. On his head was a laurel wreath. Since his departure from Naples he had increased notably in body. His face had grown wide; under his lower jaw hung a double chin, by which his mouth, always too near his nose, seemed to touch his nostrils. His bulky neck was protected, as usual, by a silk kerchief, which he arranged from moment to moment with a white and fat hand grown over with red hair, forming as it were bloody stains; he would not permit epilatores to pluck out this hair, since he had been told that to do so would bring trembling of the fingers and injure his lute-playing. Measureless vanity was depicted then, as at all times, on his face, together with tedium and suffering. On the whole, it was a face both terrible and trivial. While advancing he turned his head from side to side, blinking at times, and listening carefully to the manner in which the multitude greeted him. He was met by a storm of shouts and applause: "Hail, divine Caesar! lmperator, hail, conqueror! hail, incomparable! Son of Apollo, Apollo himself!" When he heard these words, he smiled; but at moments a cloud, as it were, passed over his face, for the
6.The inhabitants of Italy were freed from military service by Augustus, in consequence of which the so-called cohors Italica, stationed generally in Asia, was composed of volunteers. The pretorian guards, in so far as they were not composed of foreigners, were made up of volunteers.


Roman rabble was satirical and keen in reckoning, and let itself criticise even great triumphators, even men whom it loved and respected. It was known that on a time they shouted during the entrance to Rome of Julius Caesar: "Citizens, hide your wives; the old libertine is coming!" But Nero's monstrous vanity could not endure the least blame or criticism; meanwhile in the throng, amid shouts of applause were heard cries of "Ahenobarbus, Ahenobarbus! Where hast thou put thy flaming beard? Dost thou fear that Rome might catch fire from it?" And those who cried out in that fashion knew not that their jest concealed a dreadful prophecy. These voices did not anger Caesar overmuch, since he did not wear a beard, for long before he had devoted it in a golden cylinder to Jupiter Capitolinus. But other persons, hidden behind piles of stones and the corners of temples, shouted: "Matricide! Nero! Orestes! Alcmxon!" and still others: "Where is Octavia?" "Surrender the purple!" At Poppaea, who came directly after him, they shouted, "Flava coma (yellow hair)!!" with which name they indicated a street-walker. Caesar's musical ear caught these exclamations also, and he raised the polished emerald to his eyes as if to see and remember those who uttered them. While looking thus, his glance rested on the Apostle standing on the stone. For a while those two men looked at each other. It occurred to no one in that brilliant retinue, and to no one in that immense throng, that at that moment two powers of the earth were looking at each other, one of which would vanish quickly as a bloody dream, and the other, dressed in simple garments, would seize in eternal possession the world and the city. Meanwhile Caesar had passed; and immediately after him eight Africans bore a magnificent litter, in which sat Poppaea, who was detested by the people. Arrayed, as was Nero, in amethyst color, with a thick application of cosmetics on her face, immovable, thoughtful, indifferent, she looked like some beautiful and wicked divinity carried in procession. In her wake followed a whole court of servants, male and female, next a line of wagons bearing materials of dress and use. The sun had sunk sensibly from midday when the passage of Augustians began, — a brilliant glittering line gleaming like an endless serpent. The indolent Petronius, greeted kitidly by the multitude, had given command to bear him and his godlike slave in a litter. Tigellinus went in a chariot drawn by ponies ornamented with white and purple feathers, They saw him as he rose in the chariot repeatedly, and stretched his neck to see if Caesar was preparing to give him the sign to to his chariot. Among others the crowd greeted Lcinianus with applause, Vitelius with laughter, Vatinius with hissing. Towards Licinus and Lecanius the consuls they were indifferent,


but Tullius Senecio they loved, it was unknown why, and Vestinius received applause. The court was innumerable.. It seemed that all that was richest, most brilliant and noted in Rome, was migrating to Annum. Nero never travelled otherwise than with thousands of vehicles; the society which acompanied him almost always exceeded the number of soldiers in a legion.7 Hence Domitius Afer appeared, and the decrepit Lucius Saturninus; and Vespasian, who had not gone yet on his expedition to Judea, from which he returned for the crown of Caesar, and his sons, and young Nerva, and Lucan, and Annius Gallo, and Quintianus, and a multitude of women renowned for wealth, beauty, luxury, and vice. The eyes of the multitude were turhed to the harness, the chariots, the horses, the strange livery of the servants, made up of all peoples of the earth. In that procession of pride and grandeur one hardly knew what to look at; and not only the eye, but the mind, was dazzled by such gleaming of gold, purple, and violet, by the flashing of precious stones, the glitter of brocade, pearls, and ivory. It seemed that the very rays of the sun were dissolving in that abyss of brilliancy. And though wretched people were not lacking in that throng, people with sunken stomachs, and with hunger in their eyes, that spectacle inflamed not only their desire of enjoyment and their envy, but filled them with delight and pride, because it gave a feeling of the might and invincibility of Rome, to which the world contributed, and before which the world knelt. Indeed there was not on earth any one who ventured to think that that power would not endure through all ages, and outlive all nations, or that there was anything in existence that had strength to oppose it. Vinicius, riding at the end of the retinue, sprang out of his chariot at sight of the Apostle and Lygia, whom he had not expected to see, and, greeting them with a radiant face, spoke with hurried voice, like a man who has no time to spare, — "Hast thou come? I know not how to thank thee, O Lygia! God could not have sent me a better omen. I greet thee even while taking farewell, but not farewell for a long time. On the road I shall dispose relays of horses, and every free day I shall come to thee till I get leave to return. — Farewell!" "Farewell, Marcus!" answered Lygia; then she added in a lower voice: "May Christ go with thee, and open thy soul to Paul's word." He was glad at heart that she was concerned about his becoming a Christian soon; hence he answered, — "Ocelle mi! let it be as thou sayest. Paul prefers to travel with my people, but he is with me, and will be to me a companion and master. Draw aside thy veil, my delight, let me see thee before my journey. Why art thou thus hidden?" She raised the veil, and
7.In the time of the Caesars a legion was always 12,000 men.


showed him her bright face and her wonderfully smiling eyes, inquiring, — "Is the veil bad?" And her smile had in it a little of maiden opposition; but Vinicius, while looking at her with delight, answered, — "Bad for my eyes, which till death would look on thee only." Then he turned to Ursus and said, — "Ursus, guard her as the sight in thy eye, for she is my domina as well as thine." Seizing her hand then, he pressed it with his lips, to the great astonishment of tlte crowd, who could not understand signs of such honor from a brilliant Augustian to a maiden arrayed in simple garments, almost those of a slave. "Farewell!" Then he departed quickly, for Caesar's whole retinue had pushed forward considerably. The Apostle Peter blessed hini with a slight sign of the cross; but the kindly Ursus began at once to glorify him, glad that his young mistress listened eagerly and was grateful to him for those praises. The retinue moved on and hid itself in clouds of golden dust; they gazed long after it, however, till Demas the miller apprvached, he for whom Ursus worked in the night-time. When he had kissed the Apostle's hand, he entreated them to enter his dwelling for refreshment, saying that it was near thc Emporium, that they must be hungry and wearied since they had spent the greater part of the day at the gate. They went with him, and, after rest and refreshment in his house, returned to the Trans-Tiber only toward evening. Intending to cross the river by the Aemilian bridge, they passed through the Clivus Publicus, going over the Aventine, between the temples of Diana and Mercury. From that height the Apostle looked on the edifices about him, and on those vanishing in the distance. Sunk in silence he meditated on the immensity and dominion of that city, to which he had come to announce the word of God. Hitherto he had seen the rule of Rome and its legions in various lands through which he had wandered, but they were single members as it were of the power, which that day for the first time he had seen impersonated in the form of Nero. That city, immense, predatory, ravenous, unrestrained, rotten to the marrow of its bones, and unassailable in its preterhuman power; that Caesar, a fratricide, a matricide, a wife-slayer, after him dragged a retinue of bloody spectres no less in number than his court. That profligate, that buffoon, but also lord of thirty legions, and through them of the whole earths; those courtiers covered with gold and scarlet, uncertain of the morrow, but mightier meanwhile than kings, — all this together seemed a species of hellish kingdom of wrong and evil. In his simple heart he marvelled that God could give such inconceivable almightiness to Satan, that He could yield the earth to him to knead, overturn, and trample it, to squeeze blood and tears from it, to twist it like a whirlwind, to storm it


like a tempest, to consume it like a flame. And his Apostle-heart was alarmed by those thoughts, and in spirit he spoke to the Master: "O Lord, how shall I begin in this city, to which Thou Inst sent mc? 'lo ft belong seas and lands, the beasts of the field, and the creatures of the water; it owns other kingdoms and cities, and thirty legions which guard them; hut I, O Lord, am a fisherman from a lake! How shall I begin, and how shall I conquer its malice?" Thus speaking. he raised his gray, trembling head toward heaven, praying and exclaiming from the depth of his heart to his Divine Master, himself f till of sadness and fear. Meanwhile hb prayer was interrupted by Lygia. "The whole city is as if on fire," said she. In fact the sun went down that day in a marvellous manner. Its immense shield had sunk half-way behind the Janiculum, the whole expanse of heaven was filled with a red gleam. From the place on which they were standing, Peter's glance embraced large expanses. Somewhat to thc right they saw the long extending walls of the Circus Maximus; above it the towering palaces of the Palatine; and directly in front of them, beyond the Forum Boarium and the Velabrum, the summit of the Capitol, with the temple of Jupiter. But the walls and the columns and the summits of the temples were as if sunk in that golden and purple gleam. The parts of the river visible from afar flowed as if in blood; arid as the sun sank moment after moment behind the mountain, th‡ gleam became redder and redder, more and more like a conflagration, and it increased and extended till finally it embraced the seven hills, from which it extended to the whole region about. "The whole city seems on fire!" repeated Lygia. Peter shaded his eyes with his hand, and said — "The wrath of God is upon it."




VINCIUS to LYGIA: "The slave Phlegon, by whom I send this letter, is a Christian; hence he will be one of those to receive freedom from thy hands, my dearest. He is an old servant of our house; so I can write to thee with full confidence, and without fear that the letter will fall into other hands than thine. 1 write from Laurentum, where we have halted because of heat. Otho owned here a lordly villa, which on a time he presented to Poppaea; and she, though divorced from him, saw fit to retain the magnificent present. When I think of the women who surround mc now and of thee, it seems to me that from the stones hurled by Deucalion there must have risen people of various kinds, altogether unlike one another, and that thou art of those born of crystal. "I admire and love thee from my whole soul, and wIth to speak only of thee; hence I am forced to constrain myself to write of our journey, of that which happens to me, and of news of the court. Well, Caesar was the guest of Poppaea, who prepared for him secretly a magnificent reception. SIte invited only a few of his favorites, but Petronius and I were among them. After dinner we sailed in golden boats over the sea, which was as calm as if it had been sleeping, and as blue as thy eyes, O divine one. We ourselves rowed, for evidently it flattered the Augusta that men of consular dignity, or their sons, were rowing for her. Caesar, sitting at the rudder in a purple toga, sang a hymn in honor of the sea; this hymn he had composed the night before, and wfth Diodorus had arranged music to ft. In other boats he was accompanied by slaves from India who knew how to play on sea-shells while round about appeared numerous dolphins, as if really enticed from Amphitrite's depths by music. Dvst thcu know what I was doing? I was thinking of thee1 and yearning. I wanted to gather in that sea, that calm, and that music, and give the whole to thee. "Dost thou wish that we should live in some place at the seashore far from Rome, my Augusta? I have land in Sicily, on which there is an


almond forest which has rose-colored blossoms in spring, and this forest goes down so near the sea that the tips of the branches almost touch the water. There I will love thee and magnify Paul's teaching, for I know now that it will not be opposed to love and happiness. Dost thou wish? — But before I hear thy answer I will wrfte further of what happened on the boat. "Soon the shore was far behind. We saw a sail before us in the distance, and all at once a dispute rose as to whether it was a common fishing-boat or a great ship from Ostia. I was the first to discover what it was, and then the Augusta said that for my eyes evidently nothing was hidden, and, dropping the veil over her face on a sudden, she inquired if I could recognize her thus. Petronius answered immediately that it was not possible to see even the sun behind a cloud; but she said, as if in jest, that love alone could blind such a piercing glance as mine, and, naming various women of the court, she fell to inquiring and guessing which one I loved. I answered calmly, but at last she mentioned thy name. Speaking of thee, she uncovered her face again, and looked at me with evil and inquiring eyes. "I feel real gratitude to Petronius, who turned the boat at that moment, through which general attention was taken from me; for had I heard hostile or sneering words touching thee, I should not have been able to hide my anger, and should have had to struggle with the wish to break the head of that wicked, malicious woman with my oar. Thou rememberest the incident at the pond of Agrippa ahout which 1 told thee at the house of Linus on the eve of my departure. Petronius is alarmed on my account, and to-day again he implored me not to offend the Augusta's vanity. But Petronius does not understand me, and does not realize that, apart from thee, I know no pleasure or beauty or love, and that for Poppaea I feel only disgust and contemtipt. Thou hast changed my soul greatly, — so greatly that I should not wish now to return to my former life. But have no fear that harm may reach me here. Poppna does not love me, for she cannot love any one, and her desires arise only from anger at Qusar, who is under her influence yet, and who is even capable of loving her yet; still, he does not spare her, and does not hide from her his transgressions and shamelessness. "I will tell thee, besides, something which should pacify thee. Peter told me in parting not to fear Caesar, since a hair would not fall from my head; and I believe him. Some voice in my soul says that every word of his must be accomplished; that since he blessed our love, neither Caesar,


nor all the powers of Hades, nor predestination itself, could take thee from me, O Lygia. When I think of this I am as happy as if I were in heaven, wlsich alone is calm and happy. But what I say of heaven and predestination may offend thee, a Christian. Christ has not washed me yet, but niy heart is like an empty chalice, which Paul of Tarsus is to fill with the sweet doctrine professed by thee, — the sweeter for me that ft is thine. Thuu, divine one, count even this as a merit to me that I have emptied it of the liquid with which I had filled it before, and that I do not withdraw it, but hold it forth as a thirsty man standing at a pure spring. Let me find favor in thy eyes. "In Antium my days and nights will pass in listening to Paul, who acquired such influence among my people on the first day that they surround him continually, seeing in him not only a wonder-worker, but a being almost supernatural. Yesterday I saw gladness on his face, and when I asked what he was doing, he answered, 'I am sowing!' Petronius knows that he is among my people, and wishes to see him, as does Seneca also, who heard of him from Gallo. "But the stars are growing pale, O Lygia, and 'Lucifer' of the morning is bright with growing force. Soon the dawn will make the sea ruddy; all is sleeping round about, but I am thinking of thee and loving thee. Be greeted together with the morning dawn, sponsa mea!"




VINICIUS to LYGIA: "Hast thou ever been in Antium, my dear one, with Aulus and Pomponia? If not, 1 shall be happy when I show this place to thee. All the way from Laurentuns there is a line of villas along the seashore; and Antium itself is an endless succession of palaces and porticos, whose columns in fair weather see themselves in the water. I, too, have a residence here right over the sea, with an olive garden and a forest of cypresses behind the villa, and when I think that the place will sometime be thine, its marble seems whiter to me, its groves more shady, and the sea bluer. Oh, Lygia, how good it is to live and love! Old Menikles, who manages the villa, planted irises on the ground under myrtles, and at sight of them the house of Aulus, the impluvium, and the garden in which I sat near thee, came to my mind. The irises will remind thee, too of thy childhood's home; therefore I am certain that thou wilt love Antium and this villa. "Immediately after our arrival I talked long wfth Paul at dinner. We spoke of thee, and afterward he taught. I listened long, and I say only this, that eyed zuiuld I write like Patronius, I should not have power to explain everything which passed through my soul and my mind. I had not suppoed that there could be such happiness in this world, such beauty and peace of which hitherto people had no knowledge. But I retain all this for conversation with thee, for at the first free moment I shall be in Rome. "How could the earth find place at once for the Apostle Peter, Paul of Tarsus, and Caesar? Tell me this. I ask because I passed the evening after Paul's teaching with Nero, and dost thou know what I heard there? Well, to begin with, he read his poem on the destruction of Troy, and complained that never had he seen a burning city. He envied Priam, and called him happy just for this, that he saw the conflagration and ruin of his birthplace. Whereupon Tigellinus said, 'Speak a word, O divinity, I will take a torch, and before the night passes thou shalt see blazing


' asked he. But he will remain long in Antium. though mad. "Go to the house of Aulus. I shall serve Him. 'should I go to breathe the sea air. 'I must have more faithful and more devoted friends. I have thought much here over this matter. and in a part occupied by common people. shalt be dwelling in thy own house on the Carina~. and which men say I should preserve for the benefit of mankind? Is it not Rome that injures me. and how coming ages would admire his achievensents. and before he returns slaves will have ceased to speak of thee. I speak incorrectly. I laugh now at that alarm. and he began to describe how he would rebuild the city. see how a man fears for his love.Antium. because thou didst dare to act against the will of Caesar. I live in hope that before Palatine sees Caesar. and bring persecution. and moment in wbicls tlson shalt cross my threshold. Still. carissima. Besides. I confess that I was alarmed at once when I heard this. we shall serve Him. I should prefer that the house of Linus were not in that narrow Trans-Tiber alley. hence I should wish also that nothing were lacking thee of those ornaments and comforts to which thou art accustomed from childhood. and give life and blood for Him.' answered he. If Caesar were in Rome. and to say what an unheard tragedy the picture of a city like that would be. my Lygia. whom I am laarning to accept.' But Caesar called him a fool. hour. in presence of which all other human works would be petty. and if Ghrist. a city which had conquered the world turned now into a heap of gray ashes." 289 . is it not the exhalations of the Subura and the Esquiline which add to my hoarseness? Would not the palaces of Rome present a spectacle a hundredfold more tragic and magnificent than Antium?' Here all began to talk. Caesar declared that then his poem would surpass the songs of Homer. Blessed be the day. who are less considered in such a case. thou. the very palaces on the Palatine would not be a residence fit for thee. Linus and Ursus can be with thee. and I think that Caesar and his friends. news of thy return might reach the Palatine through slaves. effccrs this. 'Do that! do that!' exclaimed the drunken company. would not dare to permit such insanity. For me. 'Where. as long as the threads of life hold. "I love thee and salute thee with my whole soul. turn attention to thee. may His name be blessed also. both of us. and preserve the voice with which the gods have gifted me. for thou art in Rome. my goddess..

my dear. among the cypresses in Linus's garden.Chapter 39 Unsus was taking water from a cistern. and these last nights sleep has left inc. each holding the other by the hand. "No. then they sat on the stone bench amidst wild grape-vines. and inquired for thee at thy house. Linus laughed at me. because thou hast left Antium without Caesar's knowledge?" asked Lygia. when I dozed from weariness. A golden and lilycolored twilight was sinking on the world while they were conversing in the calm of evening. indeed. seemed as white as two statues. what is Caesar to me since I am near thee and am looking at thee? I have yearned too nsuch already. at my request. out of whose heautiful folds her arms and head emerged like primroses out of snow. who. Twice Ursus ran out. with a feeling that danger was hanging over thee. 290 . He acts thus frequently. to the Carinai. A few ruddy anemones ornamented her hair. "Caesar announced that he would shut himself in for two days with Terpnos. looking at the twilight whose last gleams were reflected in their eyes." It was. for instead of her usual dark dress. — hources with which I passed that road more swiftly than any of Caesar's couriers. "May not some evil meet thee. were silent. my dearest. Besides. and inclining toward each other. Marcus." answered Vinieius. I love thee too much for that. Their clothing was not moved by the least hreeze. evident that she had expected him. she wore a soft white stola. More than once. Vinicius pressed his lips to her hands. and compose new songs. and Ursus also. was singing a strange Lygian song in an undertone. at times I dreamed that the relays of horses which were to bear me from Antium to Rome were stolen. looking meanwhile with delighted eyes at Lygia and Vinicius." "I knew that thou wert consing. with a rope. I woke on a sudden. I could not live longer without thee. and while drawing up a double amphora. and at such times neither knows nor remembers aught else. Moreover.

since He rose from the dead? Others saw Him in the city and on the lake and on the mountain. and whether I was baptized. and the garden began to be silver-like from the crescent of the moon. and how beautiful the world is. "The night is wonderfully still.— "Lygia! May the moment be blessed in which I heard His name for the first tinne. embracing her slender form with his arm. Now I begin to understand why thou and Pomponia Gra~eina have such peace. he who first stretched his hands over thee and blessed thee." At that moment Lygia placed her beautiful face on his shoulder and said. unable to bring words from their overcharged breasts. The last lily reflections had died on the cypresses." said she then in a low voice. drew her toward him and said. and the feeling that at last slse was free to hove deprived her of voice. but knowest thou. I thought that lnve was merely fire in the blood and desire. Marcus." said Vinicius. Paul has convinced me. when I read in thy eyes the question whether I had received the divine doctrine to which thou art attached.' And I. and feel therewith suds sweet and immeasurable calm as if Sleep and Death had put the soul to rest." "I love thee. Yes! Christ gives it. I look on this calmness of the trees. what is this? Never have I thought that there could be such love. Now I understand for the first time that there isiay be happiness of which people have not known thus far. in a lowered voice. has converted me. barely had I kissed thy dear hands. Barely had I entered here. and Paul.— "I know. No. since he. who was His disciple. This is why I ans not baptized yet. Lygia. and it seems to be within me. says so. I am not baptized yet. people saw Him whose 291 . my dearest. why? Paul said to me: 'I have convinced thee that God came into the world and gave Himself to he crucified for its salvation. "How calm it is here. For me this is something new. my flower. Tell me. After a while Vinicius said. Joy. . — "My dear Marcus —" But she was unable to continue. Both were silent again. I feel happier than ever in life before. gratitude. and I wish Pomponia to be my godmother. to whom He appeared? How was I not to believe that He was God. thou?h I believe in the Saviour and in flis teachtng. wish thee to witness nsy baptism.The eharos of the quiet evening niastered them completely. but now for the first time I see that it is possible to love with every drop of one's blood and every breath. and her eyes were filled with tears of emotion. but let Peter wash thee in the fountain of grace. and could it be otherwise? flow was I not to believe that Christ came into the world.

but I feel that it is true. but that it gives. Marcus. like thine and Pomponia's. Just see. But to-day. by which love itself becomes endless. 'I love thee. and who can resist two such forces?" Lygia listened. or even death. he would not be able to say anything sensible. which in the light of the moon were like mystic flowers. when death closes my eyes. All this hardly finds a place in my head. and bedcwcd like flowers. treason. mercy instead of vengeance? What sort of man would he be who would not choose and wish the same? But your religion teaches this. I shall find myself and thee. I should be blind were 1 not to see this. that is true!" said she. neither could I be.' But I feared thy religion. But if in addition Christ God has promised eternal life. Their hearts were filled with perfect certainty that. And at that moment they felt immensely happy. virtue instead of crime. for I have never been so happy.lips have not known a lie. when know it. for I said to myself even then! In the whole world any other man might lie rather than this one who says. and has promised happiness as immeasurable as the all-might of God can give. because virtue and love flow from Christ. thou hast said a moment since. For that reason an unspeakable repose flowed 292 . But I know now that I ought to be virtuous. like thine and Pomponia's. no matter what might happen. deceit. Why not love and accept a religion which both speaks the truth and destroys death? Who would not prefer good to evil? I thought thy religion opposed to happiness. meanwhile Paul has convinced me that not only does it not take away. had I taken thee by force and possessed thee in my house. It seemed to me that thy religion would take thee from me. faithfulness instead of unfaithfulness. and the best. I began to believe this the first time I heard Peter in Ostrianum. if wickedness brings more happiness. "Yes. love instead of hatred. 'I saw. for they understood that besides love they were united by another power. I shall find life and happiness. Others desire justice also.' and I could not have won these words from thy lips with all the might of Rome. I thought that there was neither wisdom nor beauty nor happiness in it. makes it faitlsful. nestling her head more closely to his shoulder. at once sweet and irresistible. and besides makes it pure. what kind of man should I be were I not to wish truth to rule the world instead of fahehood. not subject to change. they would not cease to love and belong to each other. fixing on him her blue eyes. what more can one wish? Were I to ask Seneca why he enjoins virtue. but thy religion is the only one which makes man's heart just. the heart feels it. and because. O Lygia! Reason declares this religion divine.

'and the reception of his teaching another. if C2esar professed this religion. — such as the world had not known and could not give. that Christ existed and rose from the dead. and the dearest in the world to me. that that love was not merely profound and pusc. and then only deny our testimony. but he could give no other answer. and there will be no God except Christ. justice. and I saw Him on the road to Damascus? Let thy wisdom show. In two hundred or three hundred years the whole world will accept it. whereupon Paul said to him: 'How canst thou deny." "Repeat Paul's words to me. 'but think. After a while he said with a lowered arid quivering voice: "Thou wilt be the soul of my soul. since thou wert not in the world at that time.' Petronius answered that he had no thought of denying. is thy life really free from anxieties? Behold. "It was at my house one evening. they are beautiful. besides. for he knew that many incomprehensible things were done. Vinicius felt.in on their souls. Our hearts will heat together. Petronius began to speak playfully and to banter. and the still night. and we live without care." said Lygia. but altogether new. as after a pleasant sleep. and no other temples but Christian. I have no wish to know anything which' may deform life and mar its beauty. we shall have one prayer and one gratitude to Christ. O my dear! To live together.' 'Thou art willing to reject the religion of love. People will forget Jupiter. but Peter and John saw Him. In his head all was combined in this love. and mercy through dread of the cares of life.' replied Paul. their rule is pleasant for us. but would not life be more joyous then? As to life's 293 . the teaching of Christ.' said he. then. Petronius. — so that to him the whole universe seemed filled with it. that we are liars. — Lygia. as he does usually. Never mind whether our gods are true or not. which trustworthy people affirmed. 'But the discovery of some new foreign god is one thing. to honor together the sweet God. to a new light. would not thy happiness be more assured? Thou art alarmed about thy delight. neither thou nor any man among the richest and most powerful knows when he falls asleep at night that he may not wake to a death sentence. first of all. But tell me. And knowest thou what occurs to me now? That no one can resist this religion. the light of the moon resting calmly on the cypresses. which enjoins love and justice. — what better could be imagined? I only marvel that I did not understand this at first. and to know that when death comes our eyes will open again. O wise Petronius. Who would not wish his own happiness? Ah! but I heard Paul's conversation with Petronius and dost thou know what Petronius said at the end? 'That is not for me'.

those children are called alumni. The whole world is trembling before you. just as Christian husbands will keep faith with their wives. masters their slaves. In Rome even wealthy parents. thy wish would be to see her faithful till death. since it corrects. but to-morrow power may thrust thee forth into the empty places of the Pandataria. but it was possible even in thy case to be poor and deserted. for ye know that any hour may raise an awful war against your oppression. Thou lovest. I magnified with all my heart that religion from 294 . such a war as has been raised more than once. and then Petronius said. Petronius. how canst thou be calm and happy. How. unwilling to toil at rearing children. and faithless divinities. he went out. canst thou say that that religion spoils life.beauty and ornaments. thou art enamoured of villas and statues. and ye are trembling before your own slaves. thou hast thousands of servants. how canst thou live in delight? But I proclaim love. And if that be the case. but I should not wish to struggle with thee on the platform. at manhood's years. And hadst thou. what shame. thou art young.' Feigning drowsiness. because thou art wealthy and living in luxury. ye yourselves are astonished when a woman appears whom ye call "univira" (of one husband). though coming of a great house. cast them out of the house frequently. but treason is in wait for thee. And chance might have made thee an alumnus. But ye are neither sure of rulers nor fathers nor wives nor children nor servants. But I tell thee that those women who carry Christ in their hearts will not break faith with their husbands. adulterous. and then in truth it would have been better for thee if people confessed Christ. if ye have reared so many beautiful temples and statues to evil. like one of those. and when going added: 'I prefer my Eunice. and at last it promises happiness boundless as a sea without end. Meanwhile look around. this cannot happen. and when he spoke of our women. what happens among you. what would ye not do in honor of one God of truth and mercy? Thou art ready to praise thy lot. and since thou thyself wouldst be a hundred times happier and more secure were it to embrace the world as Rome's dominion has embraced it?' "Thus discussed Paul. slaves to serve with love. thou art not sure that the command may not come to thee to-morrow to leave thy wealth. But if parents live according to our religion. married a woman of thy love. to do justice and be merciful. what vileness. but to-morrow these servants may let thy blood flow. 'That is not for me.' I listened to Paul's words with my whole soul. and I proclaim a religion which commands rulers to love their subjects. what bartering in the faith of wives! Nay. O little Jew. Though rich. but tomorrow it may be necessary for thee to die. revengeful. then.

all were sleeping. Neither do I care for Caesar's house any longer. Tie is bowed down with age and work. That is a wonderful coast. no murmur broke the silence. to look at the sky together. How can I show gratitude to thee. taking his palm. they trafficked with faith and with oaths. There life and happiness are almost one and the same. my dear! Our lands are adjacent. — "No. "Yes. "There we may forget anxieties. Say a word.which thou hast sprung as a lily from a rich field in springtime. or go to them ourselves. there is Calvia Crispinilla." Without removing her head from his shouldcr. odoriferous and transparent. where the climate is sweeter and the nights still brighter than in Rome. — "Very well. "Wilt thou permit me to see Pomponia?" asked Lygia. O Lygia! what a life to love and cherish each other. to look at the sea together. as if fearing to frighten happiness. there are almost all whom I know. looking into the future. "True. and as soldiers found colonies in distant lands. And I thought then: There is Poppaea. so we will found a colony of Christians. Thou hart written to me of Sicily. we shall walk and rest in the shade. where Aulus wishes to settle in old age. among olive-trees. and answered. there is Nigidia. if not with love and honor? Didst thou feel that in Antium I spoke and conversed with thee all the time as if thou hadst been at my side? I love thee a hundred times more for having escaped me from Caesar's house. save only Pomponia. wished to press it to her lips. I wish not its luxury and music." Both were silent. In the pan occupied by the poor toiling people. Paul will visit us also. who cast aside two husbands for Nero. even though all in whom I place trust should desert and deceive me. but he whispered." And Vinieius interrupted her with delight. dear one. Lygia. I wish only thee. we can take Peter the Apostle. — he will convert Aulus Plautius. will not deceive. If thou wish. 295 . Lygia. and will not quench the fire. We will invite them to our house. only he drew her more firmly toward him. but she and my own one will not desert." And he began then to dream of the future. Hence I said to thee in my soul." Lygia raised her hand and. and the knight's ring on his finger glittered meanwhile in the rays of the moon. to do in peace what is just and true. we will leave Rome to settle somewhere at a distance. raised her eyes to the silver tops of the cypresses. as if meditating. In groves. to honor together a kind God. Marcus.

" Then both entered the house of Linus." He had pressed his lips to her hands. give me thy hands. leaning their gigantic heads against it. listened with a straitened heart and with wonderful fear and sadness. and for a time they heard only the beating of their own hearts. — "Lions are roaring in the vivarium. gave utterance to their yearning for freedom and the desert. The games are at hand. answering one another in the stillness of night.no! It is I who honor thee and exalt thee. and." Both began to listen. But Vinicius encircled her with his arm." "I love thee. growing louder and louder. — "Fear not. from all sides and divisions of the city. All at once the silence was broken by an unexpected thunder. and. In Rome several thousand lions were quartered at times in various arenas. Now the first thunder was answered by a second. A shiver ran through Lygia's body. and said. white as jessamine. Vinicius stood up. dear one. accompanied by the thunder of lions. Thus they began on this occasion. they filled the whole city with roaring. the cypresses stood as motionless as if they too were holding breath in their breasts. a third. There was something so indescribably gloomy and terrible in those roars that Lygia. There was not the slightest movement in the air. and said. deep. and as if coming from under the earth. a tenth. whose bright and calm visions of the future were scattered. 296 . and frequently in the night~tirne they approached the grating. and all the vivaria are crowded.

It is true that in Antium and the city people told wonders of the refinement 297 . Tigellinus. From morning till evening Nero and his attendants read verses. who received with a sceptical smile the flattery of his enemies of yesterday. incomparably more rehaed than Tigellinus and the other courtiers. — witty. Caesar sought his society. Petronius gained new victories almost daily over courtiers vying with him for the favor of Caesar. It seemed to courtiers that his influence had won a supreme triumph at last. took his opinion. meanwhile. were occupied with music. as he was ready for anything. to plunder their property or to settle political cases. and did not use his power to the detriment or destruction of others.Chapter 40 IN Antium. that friendship between him and Caesar had entered on a period of certainty which would last for years. or finally to satisty the monstrous whims ot Caesar. The influence of Tigellinus had fallen completely. In Rome. and with which it had beautified life. exclusively with that which Grecian genius had invented. as adroit. discoursed on their structure and finish. asked for advice when he composed. and expose his vulgarity and want of refinement. In Rome the Senate drew breath. obtained pre-eminence of necessity. either through indolence or culture. and showed a more lively friendship than at any other time whatever. when there was occasion to set aside men who seemed dangerous. among palaces reflected in the azure of the sea. Caesar led a Hellenic existence. but he preferred to ridicule him. for no death sentence had been issued for a month and a half. the theatre. were delighted with happy turns of expression. but who. was not vengeful. Even those who had shown dislike previously to the exquisite Epicurean. — in a word. But in Antium. full of subtile feelings and tastes. to give spectacles astounding by their luxury and bad taste. Under these conditions Petronius. eloquent. became indispensable. More than one was even sincerely glad in his soul that preponderance had come to a man who knew really what to think of a given person. There were moments when he might have destroyed even Tigellinus. began now to crowd around him and vie for his favor.

" The hearts of those present stopped beating from terror. however. Thou hast asked what defect there is in thy verses. As usual. Listen 298 . sceptical. and hesitated whether or not to yield as conquered. But Vinicius grew pale. He produced on people frequently the impression of a man who made light of them. was drunk this time. in which more or less deeply wounded vanity was quivering. inquired in a honeyed voice. They dId not see how Caesar could dispense with him. music. who thus far had never been drunk. with his habitual indifference. fit for the fire. when he had finished and the shouts of rapture had ended." said Petronius. I will tell rhee~ Thy verses would be worthy of Virgil. — he and Petronius. and pointing to those present. of himself. — "Common verses. and the conviction that there was no position from which he could not issue in triumph. he was remiss. in whose eyes could he look to learn whether his creation was indeed perfect? Petronius. If thou desire truth. thy fire is not hot enough. of the whole world. slothful.which the profligacy of Caesar and his favorite had reached. attacking him. "they understand nothing. but they are not worthy of thee. he was able to turn the criticism suddenly in such a way that it came out to his profit. About a week after the return of Vinicius from Rome. — "What defect dost thou find in them?" "Do not believe thcm. replied. Petronius. — with whom could he converse touching poetry. Since the years of his childhood Nero had never heard such a sentence from any man. and witty. of Ovid. thinking that Petronius. for Caesar had said repeatedly that in all Rome and in his court there were only two spirits capable of understanding each other. The amazing dexterity of Petronius confinned people in the conviction that his influence would outlive every other. Tigellinus himself lost his head. of Caesar. two real Hellenes. seemed to attach no importance to his position. and when others judged that he was going too far. Thou art not free to write such. even of Homer. Caesar read in a small circle an extract from his Troyad. interrogated by a glance from Caesar. Nero. The conflagration described by thee does not blaze enough. At moments he ventured to criticise Caesar to his face. or simply preparing his own ruin. and comparative excellence. he roused amazement in those present. but every one preferred a refined Caesar to one brutalized in the hands of Tigellinus. The face of Tigellinus was radiant with delight.

"My conflagration of Troy does not blaze enough. But knowest why it is. But thou art slothful. From him who is gifted of the gods as thou art. thou art right. write better!" And he said this carelessly. but never have I had a model. I think." "Then I will say that only a great artist understands this. hence I tell thee to thy eyes." "In such case let me send them to thee in a cylinder of my own invention. "even thus they belong to mankind. the only man able to speak the truth to my eyes. A certain timidity and low estimate of my power have fettered inc always. "hut they have given me something greater. Aeschylus would not have written his Prometheus had there been no fire. — thou wouldst rather sleep after dinner than sit to wrinkles. no!" said he. "No. after a while." Then he stretched his fat hand.not to Lucan's flatteries. hence there is a lack of truth in my description. But I thought it sufficient to equal Homer. just as Homer would not have written the Iliad had there been no Trojan war. Dost thou regret the burning of Troy?" "Do I regret? By the lame consort of Venus." Nero grew thoughtful. but Caesar's eyes were mist-covered from delight. Had he written those verses. to a golden candelabrum plundered from Delphi." said he. and wretched." 299 . I never have seen a burning city." answered Nero. and after a while he said." said he. Petronius. Leave them to me. more is demanded. not in the least! And I will tell thee the reason. embracing Petroriius. but thy case is different. he seeks a model. I should acknowledge him a genius. a true judge and friend. — "Answer one question. to burn the verses. And knowest thou why? Thou art greater than they. grown over with reddish hair. Thou hast opened my eyes. "True. But Petronius seized them before the flame touched the paper. Troy would not have been consumed if Prometheus had not given fire to man. I think it better to have Prometheus and the Iliad than a small and shabby city. Thou canst create a work such as the world has not heard of to this day. as if bantering and also chiding. which was unclean. as thou sayest? When a sculptor makes the statue of a god. "The gods have given me a little talent. and in which at best there would be now some procurator annoying thee through quarrels with the local areopagus. and the Greeks made war on Priam. my fire is not hot enough.

but Nero. He will send me his verses in a cylinder which — dost wish to lay a wager? — will be immensely rich and in immensely bad taste. "and the feeling that I am the best gladiator in it amuses me. I judged that while drunk thou hadst ruined thyself beyond redemption. as if wishing to change the conversation. — "I was a trifle alarmed for thee. O Caesar. As to me." "That is my arena. An hour later Vinicius. or I will build a wooden city on the Alban Hills. I shall command my physician to keep physic in it. and have Ahenobarbus himself in my hands. it will be as if a bear of the Pyrenees were rope-walking. since thou judgest that any sacrifice would be too great for it. Dost thou wish?" "Am I to gaze on the burning of wooden sheds?" asked Nero." "When thou dismissest the Augustians. permit me to remain with thee a moment. command and I will burn Antium. — "Summer is passing. what a stench there must be in that Rome now! And stil1 we must return for the summer games. I have never seen a burning city. that thou dost set no great value on my talent or my Troyad. and become pretorian prefect in his place." 300 . And I see. added after a while. seeing how such things succeed. Camar. I shall laugh like Democritus. — because Tigellinus." answered Petronius." said Tigellinus. or dost thou know what? If thou art sorry for these villas and palaces. Happy were the Achanns who furnished Homer with the substance of the Iliad. said. The moment he starts a witticism. "Thy mind has grown utterly barren. returning with Petronius from Ctsar's villa. Tigellinus. carelessly. to sacrifice everything. already. I did this for another reason. Oh. into which thou shalt hurl the fire thyself. I prefer my present life and even Caesar's verses to trouble. and I imagine what will happen. and happy Priam who beheld the ruin of his birthplace. which was broken at last by Tigellinus— "But I have said to thee. If I wished I could destroy Tigellinus perhaps." said Nero. will wish surely to imitate me. "For art and poetry it is permitted." Tigellinus was confused. besides. But I am indolent." A time of silence followed."That is what we call speaking with sound reason. give command to burn the ships in Ostia. casting a look of contempt on him. and it is right. Remember that thou art playing with death. See how it ended. My influence has increased this evening.

Paul's eloquence is exerted in vain. Such things may happen yet that the hair will stand on men's heads for whole centuries at thought of them. and serve death before it takes us. something is breaking beneath us. We are mad. seest thou." "The verses are not worse than others. not for death. Paul. thou. thy little Jew. above all. meanwhile we have no wish to burden life. — agreed! But we shall succeed in dying. an imtnense love for poetry and music. I recognize. perhaps. that he gives birth to every verse in torment. We shall be in a small circle. He should understand that people like me will never accept his religion. is not true. and Nero was able to find happy expressions. our gods must defend themselves seriously. like Jupiter Ammon in the desert. something is dying around us. We are hastening to the precipice. There is in that a certain delight and destruction of the present. what a marvellous mixture! The fifth stave was lacking in Caligula. — only I. were a Christian. Lucan has more talent in one finger. Whoso does not play at dice will not lose property." "Who can foresee to what the madness of Ahenobarbus will go?" asked Vinicius. but still people play at dice. Because of this. but in Bronzebeard too there is something. I play with life. and young Nerva. did not think. for this reason." 301 . At times they are eloquent. and though I am bored more than once. lest in time they be led away captive. 1-lecuba's words are touching. At times I am sorry for him. for example. Tullius Senecio. while Christian virtues would bore me in a day. while yawning. and if people like him proclaim that religion. all would feel safer. and that is true. Life exists for itself alone. as do the discourses of Seneca."What dexterity to be able to turn even blame into flattery! But are those verses really so bad? I am no judge in those matters. but I play because it pleases me. But thy prophet of Tarsus. or become a Christian immediately. I believe that under another Caesar I should be bored a hundred times more. It is true that if Caesar. By Pollux. But as to what I said touching Nero's verses. She complains of the pangs of birth. the truth of what they say. which he will finish to-day or to-morrow. He has. "No man whatever. But it is that precisely which interests me. that I use them after feasting as Vitelius does flamingo feathers. In two days we are to be with him to hear the music of his hymn to Aphrodite. With thy disposition thou mightst either hate the name Christian. thou sayest. in applying proofs to me. I have known sons of knights and senators to become gladiators of their own will. something unknown is coming toward us out of the future. that for mc this uncertainty becomes the charm of life. but still he never did such strange things. is eloquent. — that I accord to him.

I wonder more. I think that danger is threatening her. for thou art in love with a Christian vestal. an announcement as it were of misfortune. so as to cast the weight from my heart. as one feels a coming tempest. It seems to me that in that roaring there was a threat." "In two days I will try to obtain for thee permission to leave Antium. from the time of thy becoming a Christian thou hast ceased to laugh. If Christians love in this way. for as long a time as may please thee. but does not permit us to believe in omens. hence I guard myself against this belief." "And now I am longing for Rome. and. who sits in the Trans. nor whence it may come. and planning our future. sadness has not left thy face. I neither wonder at this. that never in times past have I experienced even a foretaste of such happiness as I breathe to-day. but I cannot ward it off. that in spite of a religion described by thee as a sea of happiness." said Vinicius. though my departure was secret. and unbroken fear in my heart." "This very day she asked me what I was doing in Rome. something happened which filled all the darkness with terror. Now. "that God forewarns sometimes." "Do not pity me more than I pity myself. Lygia and I were sitting side by side on a night as calm as this. thou wert longing for Rome. Pomponia Graecina is eternally pensive. but by the soul of my father. however. Formerly thou wert glad among us." "Perhaps she gave command to set spies on thee. and in spite of a love which is soon to he crowned. but since then I have no rest. that night. but I feel it. even she must count with me. and what is stranger. nor do I blame thee. by the bright curls of Bacchus! I shall not imitate them!" "That is another thing. That is common in Rome. while campaigning in Armenia." "Paul told me. when I am far from Lygia. as if Lygia were asking my protection from 302 . Poppaea is somewhat more quiet. All at once lions began to roar."But I pity thee. as far as I know. no danger from her threatens thee or Lygia. not by the curls of Bacehus." answered Vinicius. however. Do not try to persuade me that this religion is cheerfuL Thou hast returned from Rome sadder than ever. I know not what danger. I cannot tell thee how happy and calm we were. Perronius.Tiber." "True. I will tell thee what happened. It came so strangely and unexpectedly that I have those sounds in my ears yet. Thou knowest that I am not frightened easily. "I swear to thee. But I yearn greatly.

I am in torture. I repeat to thee. or I shall go without it. Many a man has an evil foreboding at such a sight. but I thought. but added after a moment's thought. — "If your Christ has risen from the dead. As to me. Obtain for me permission to leave Antium. I cannot remain.something dreadful. laughing. Last night was warm and I saw stars falling like rain. I ridicule omens and fates. "Any other death may meet thee but that. I shall not lack society at least!'" Then he was silent. I cannot!" "Sons of consuls or their wives are not given to lions yet in the arenas. Who knows. that they were lions? German bisons roar with no less gentleness than lions. looking at the heavens filled with stars. —even from those same lions." answered Vinicius. He may perhaps protect you both from death. 303 . besides." said Petronius." "He may. 'If among these is my star too.

which was paved with alabaster and sprinkled with saffron." "Thou mayst appear here. in honor of the "Lady of Cyprus. then. Meanwhile ye will tune the citharae. That day he was in voice. He sat for a time with his hands on the cithara and with bowed head. Petronius will talk to me of music. when I look at a beautiful statue. That feeling added such power to the sounds produced and roused his own soul so much that he seemed inspired. At last he grew pale from genuine emotion. but thou hast more knowledge than he. new delights and beauties open before me every instant." answered Petronius. what is thy judgment on music?" "When I listen to poetry. I admire thee with my whole heart and mind. and felt that his music really captivated those present. or picture. "I know. turning to Petronius and Vinicius. Vinicius. that my enthusiasm takes in all that these can give. But when I listen to music. "Give me thy ann." said he.Chapter 41 NERO played and sang. and my triumph will be such as no Roman has ever achieved. This was surely the first time that he had no desire to hear praises from others. he said. — "I am tired and need air. "Ye will go with me. who were sitting in a corner of the hall. especially thy music. divinity." They went out on the terrace. and thou art as sincere as Tullius Senecio. I feel that I comprehend perfectly what I see. I try to 304 . "My soul is moved and sad. rising suddenly. Thou art too slothful to force thyself to flattery. temple. I pursue them. "Here one can breathe more freely." said Nero." He covered his throat then with a silk kerchief. when I look at a quadriga directed by thee in the Circus." ~ hymn the verses and music of which were composed by himself. though I see that with what I have sung to thee on trial just now I may appear in public. for strength fails me. in Aehaea. in Rome. Tell me.

Hence I tell thee that music is like the sea. and I will say more: dost thou consider that I am blind or deprived of reason? Dost thou think that I am ignorant of this. new and newer ones flow in. but calm and bright as sunshine. as in a mist. 'Am I not cruel?' But they do not understand this." "This is a night of sincerity. and what treasures I see in it when music opens the door to them. I only feel them. I can do everything. in all Rome thou art the only man able to understand me. Ah. People do not know how much goodness lies in this heart. I feel the gods. who had not the least doubt that Nero was speaking sincerely at that moment. no one will believe. Most frequently I cannot name them or grasp them. call me a matricide. and I declare to thee" (here Nero's voice quivered with genuine wonder) "that I. Thus it is. they hold me a monster. and that music might bring out various more 305 . that people in Rome write insults on the walls against me. new delights unknown before. but we cannot see the other shore. as ever. my judgment of music is the same as thine. I see Olympus. But music opens new kingdoms to me. that at moments when music caresses my soul I feel as kind as a child in the cradle. wilt not believe. Caesar and god. and I know it. We stand on one shore and gaze at remoteness. I see things which I did not know as existing in my dominions or in the world. hold me a monster and a tyrant. and the world is mine. hence I open my soul to thee as to a friend. just like waves of the sea. feel at such times as diminutive as dust. "hence I say now. which roll on from infinity. my dear. Some kind of breeze from beyond the earth blows in on me. that a man's deeds may be cruel at times while he himself is not cruel. and perhaps even thou. new seas. Only great artists have power to feel small in the presence of art. They have talked cruelty on me to that degree that at times I put the question to myself. only the slight sound of the saffron leaves under their feet being heard." said Nero at last. my dear. "Thou hast expressed my idea. because Tigellinus obtained a few sentences of death against my enemies? Yes. certain immeasurable greatnesses. a wife-murderer. The whole Spheres plays around me." "Ah. I am Caesar. Wilt thou believe this?" "I will. I swear by those stars which shine above us.seize them." Petronius. new mountains. When I play and sing. but before I can take them to myself. and they walked on for a moment. what deep knowledge thou hast!" said Nero. that I speak the pure truth to thee. I behold.

" "How different thou art from Tigellinus!" answered Nero. and has greater power. which were overwhelmed by mountains of egotism. Thy touch is finer. in them the expert. surpassing human conception. In thee the artist is evident. and.noble inclinations of his soul. I know that people declare me mad. regions which I do not possess. said. "Tigellinus has told me that in the Senate they whisper into one another's ears that Diodorus and Terpnos play on the cithara better than I. it is out of disgust and impatience that I cannot find. and since music opens for me spaces the existence of which I had not divined. that doors would be opened beyond which I should see something unknown. so I seek it with all the power of dominion which the gods have placed in my hands. For that matter. if only great and uncommon. he whispered. They will never imagine what a service thou hast rendered them in this moment. I should have had to take others in place of them. that out of love for music thou destroyest music in thy dominions. I cannot live a common life. for only in that way can I be the greatest as an artist. To open the 306 . I am seeking! Dost understand me? And therefore I wish to be greater than man. At times it seems to me that to rcach those Olympian worlds I must do something which no man has done hitherto. thou who art truthful always. But that sacrifice was not sufficient. Music tells me that the uncommon exists. "But seest thou. profli-. Let it be wonderful or awful." Caesar leaned more heavily on Vinicius's arm." "And people would say. as if he were bending under the weight of injustice." "If that be true." Here he lowered his voice so that Vinicius could not hear him. — "Men should know thee as nearly as I do. gacy. if 1 had condemned those two. — "Dost know that I condemned my mother and wife to death mainly because I wished to lay at the gate of an unknown world the greatest sacrifice that man could put there? I thought that afterward something would happen. I am only seeking. and answered. or as well?" "By no means. And if I am going mad. delight and happiness which I do not know. Never kill art for art's sake. But I am not mad. I am an artist in everything. and crime. do they play better. let them live. The man who hears their music first understands better what thou art. besides. O divinity. — I must surpass the stature of man in good or evil. putting his mouth to the ear of Petronius. They refuse me even that! But tell me. Rome has never been able to appreciate thee.

" 307 ." "What dost thou intend to do?" "Thou shalt see sooner than thou thinkest. who deifies thee in his soul. what an artist I am. What good is my permission to Vinicius?" "I have told thee. and sincerely do I tell thee that the soul in me is as gloomy as those cypresses which stand dark there in front of us." "He. — one such as people know. left her in care of a certain Linus? I did not mention this to thee. not counting Vinicius. And suddenly he determined to settle the affair of his nephew at a blow. not thou even. Dost thou know that that Lygian hostage whom thou gayest him has been found. not the Muses. and with me earth and sea. Permit him. and at the same time to eliminate every danger which might threaten him. or is in frenzy like Bacchus. Vinicius wanted her as a mistress. has always been dear to me. to visit Rome. and I should like to destroy them. She is a king's daughter. and let it be given as the Fates desire. for thou wert composing thy hymn." said Caesar. but when she turned out to be as virtuous as Lucretia. as was Troilus with Cressida. hence she will cause him no detriment. for he is dying on my hands." answered Petronius. it is only because the flatness and misery of common life stifle him. he fell in love with her virtue. "though he serves Mars. and if he slays as does death. "He is in love. O lord." "He serves Aphrodite first of all. lord. It is grievous for a man to bear at once the weight of supreme power and the highest talents." "I sympathize with thee. the other an artist. and now his desire is to marry her. The Augusta Poppaea has complained to me that she enchanted our child in the gardens of the Palatine. how flat this world will be when I am gone from it! No man has suspected yet. whom thou alone knowest. when leaving for Annum. That is a comely maiden. though I had to use fire or iron." "All the more may he be certain of permission. but he is waiting for the permission of his Imperator. that he deifies thee. too. and that was more important than all besides. and Vinicius. but too narrow in the hips. but he is a real soldier: he sighs and withers and groans. O Caesar." "The Imperator does not choose wives for his soldiers. But precisely because of this I suffer.empyrean doors it is evident that something greater is needed. Meanwhile be assured that there are two Neros. Oh.

filled with anger and sudden amazement. by declaring that thou hast commanded this marriage. whispered something in the ear of a Greek slave near his side. thou wilt dissipate her prejudice. Vinicius would never venture to wed a woman displeasing to the Augusta. sat in an armchair inlaid with tortoise-shell. thou wilt give. and waited. "I could refuse nothing to thee or Vinicius. "Would that I might do nothing else all my life!" "Grant us one favor more. O lord." Here he turned to Vinicius. now raising. and marry her. — "Vinicius." "I am willing. the youthful daughter of the Lygian king. "The light of Aurora is playing in them. from my heart and soul." said Caesar. "Then I command thee to set out for Rome to-morrow. said at last. — "Dost thou love her. for it seemed now that all dangers and obstacles were removed. 'Habet!'" "I remember."But I told Tigellinus that the gods are not subject to evil charms. Caesar. O divinity. and Vinicius had to use self-restraint to avoid throwing himself on the neck of Petronius. divinity. his confusion and thy exclamation." Poppan's glance. this necklace to her whom I command thee to marry. Thou rememberest. now lowering the rosy stones." said he." replied Vinicius. Terpuos and Diodorus were tuning citharae. passed his hand along the back of the harp as if to fix its form firmly in his mind." He turned toward the villa. 308 . lord." "Thanks to thee. how pleasant it is to make people happy!" said Nero. with a word. But he. lord. leaning carelessly over the arm of the chair. At last it rested on Petronius. In the atrium of the villa young Nerva and Tullius Senecio were entertaining the Augusta with conversation. Their hearts were filled with delight over the victory. Nero opened it and took out a necklace of great opals. Appear not again before my eyes without the marriage ring. from me. convinced that the necklace was for her. Nero entered." answered Poppaea. passed from Caesar to Vinicius. and they followed. "These are jewels worthy of this evening." said Petronius: "declare thy will in this matter before the Augusta. as Petronius says?" "I love her." "Oh. The page returned soon with a golden casket.

" "No." said Vinicius." In fact Casar had taken the lute and raised his eyes. Phaon. In the hail conversation had stopped. "there is a conflagration in Rome! The greater part of the city is in flames!" At this news all sprang from their seats." "May Fortune favor thee! But be careful. as pale as a wall. shall I see the fire?" "Lord.Vinicius gave thanks for the gift. with panting voice. and laugh at omens. who had to accompany Caesar. — "Vce misero mihi!" And the young man." A moment of silence followed. "Pardon. and shed tears. Nero frowned. "praise Caesar's songs. appeared from beyond the curtain." replied Petronius. Henceforth the roaring of lions will not disturb thy sleep. — "How shall I thank thee for what thou hast done this day for me?" "Sacrifice a pair of swans to Euterpe. and after a moment Caesar's freedman. Close behind him was the consul Lecanius. approached Petronius. and asked." said Phaon. for Caesar is taking his lute again. casting his toga aside. listen. Just then a movement and noise began in the entrance. Nero raised his hands and exclaimed. lord. waiting for the first tones of the song. Rome is perishing. or cast themselves into the fire from delirium. looking now at each other and now at his lips." answered Lecanius. "O gods! I shall see a burning city and finish the Troyad. and people faint. I trust. "the whole city is one sea of flame. smoke is suffocating the inhabitants. nor that of thy Lygian lily. setting aside his lute. Hold thy breath. Then he turned to the consul. divine Imperator. Terpnos and Diodorus. "now I am perfectly at rest. — "If I go at once." said Nero. sacred city of Priam!" 309 . — "Woe to thee. and people were as still as if petrified. rushed forth in his tunic. were on the alert. which was broken by the cry of Vinicius.

excited by its suddenness. But Vinicius could not keep down a cry of rage and despair. he rushed on. urging them toward the fire. in which. springing on his horse. seemed like dream visions. afterward. not looking ahead." and for a while he felt that madness was threatening 310 . covered with gleams of the moon. for it seemed to him that that was the glare of the conflagration. The Idumean stallion. as in Aricia. "The whole city is one sea of flame. he had merely the feeling that misfortune was on the horse with him. He remembered the consul's words. at random. and Ustrinum. shot on like an arrow past the motionless cypresses and the white villas hidden among them. for the hour was late. the rider and the horse. Laying his bare head on the beast's neck. The sound of hoofs on the stone flags roused dogs here and there. alone. he forced all the strength from his horse. and in July daybreak came early. so as to pass in the shortest time possible the interval between Rome and him. That might be the dawn. The slaves hastening after Vinicius soon dropped behind. he had kept relays of horses from the day of his coming to Antium. then. and shouting in his ears. they fell to howling. At moments he did not know clearly what was happening in his mind. and raised their jaws toward the moon. these followed the strange vision with their barking. When he had rushed like a storm through sleeping Laurentum. and taking no note of obstacles against which he might perchance dash himself. dropping his ears and stretching his neck. he rushed forth in the deep night along the empty streets toward Laurentum. sitting behind his shoulders. Remembering these relays. as their horses were greatly inferior. Bovilhr. he turned toward Ardea. "Rome is burning!" that it was lashing his horse and him. Beyond Ardea it seemed to him that the sky on the northeast was covered with a rosy reflection.Chapter 42 VINICIUS had barely time to command a few slaves to follow him. Through the influence of the dreadful news he had fallen as it were into frenzy and mental distraction. in his single tunic. In silence and in that calm night.

But if Rome is burning at command of Caesar. Caesar has commanded the burning of the city! He alone could give such a command. against the destructive force of fire? The fear of servile rebellion was like a nightmare. which for some time had been repeated at Caesar's court with wonderful persistence. as frequently. his complaints against Rome. His thoughts were quicker now than the rush of the stallion. his contemptuous answer to Tigellinus. for he had lost utterly all hope that he could save Lygia. what a letting loose of destructive elements and popular frenzy! And in all this is Lygia. timber-yards. It was said that hundreds of thousands of those people were thinking of the times of Spartacus. which had stifled Rome for whole years. What might happen. monstrous. in what part of the city the fire had begun. He recalled all the conversations about burning cities. which was the retreat of a rabble collected from all parts of the earth? Here the thought of Ursus with his preterhuman power flashed into Vinicius's head. during these fires. who offered to burn Antium or an artificial wooden city. and slaughter! What a horrible chaos. and rousing despair. and wooden sheds serving as slave marts. and merely waiting for a favorable moment to seize arms against their oppressors and Rome. black. Now the moment had come! Perhaps war and slaughter were raging in the city together with fire. especially in the parts occupied by a needy and half-barbarous population. might have become the first food of the flames. as it was packed with tenements. but what could be done by a man. It was possible even that the pretorians had hurled themselves on the city. a servile revolt. Yes. they flew on ahead like a flock of birds. therefore. 311 . even were he a Titan. but he supposed that the TransTiber division. as Tigellinus alone could accomplish it. deeds of violence and robbery were committed. storehouses. it is true. or even reach the city before it was turned into one heap of ashes. finally. he recalled Caesar's complaints that he was forced to describe a burning city without having seen a real fire. and the pestilential alleys of the Subura. And that moment the hair rose from terror on his head. He knew not.him really. and were slaughtering at command of Caesar. who can be sure that the population will not be slaughtered at his command also? The monster is capable even of such a deed. in a place like the Trans-Tiber. Conflagration. In Rome fires happened frequently enough.

and she does not wish to die yet. gleained up before him in the moonlight. bear her out of Rome. He was terrified at the very thought of that. but happiness after death will not pass away. Thou dost promise life and happiness after death. but on the main road were groups which pushed aside hurriedly before the on-rushing horseman. was using the last of its breath. thrust his fingers into his own hair. rushing also like a whirlwind. for he felt that further prayer might turn to a threat. At that moment a horseman. If Thou art what Peter and Paul declare. While passing. running on a road which rose continually toward Aricia. so as not to admit to his head a shade even of threat. but in the opposite direction. Take her in Thy arms. unless Thou art unwilling." And he stopped. "Rome is perishing!" and on he went. But if Thou art unwilling to do this for me. — "Gods!" Vinicius raised his head suddenly. but to Thee! Thou Thyself hast suffered. for there was an uncommon movement in front of the temple. ready to gnaw the beast's neck from pain. stretching his arms toward the sky filled with stars. Vinicius saw crowds on the steps and between the columns. who can save her? Here Vinicius. Thou alone art merciful! Thou alone hast understood peopie's pain. Evidently people knew of the catastrophe. he began to lash his horse again. toward Antium. then show it now. and. Crowds were hurrying. "Not to you do I call whose temples are burning. To the ears of Vinicius came only one more expression: "Gods!" the rest was drowned by the thunder of hoofs. But that expression sobered him. stretching himself entirely on the horse. Moreover the road was not so empty or free as beyond Ardea. especially since the white walls of Aricia. save for me Lygia. Who will snatch her from the burning city. Let her live. do it for her. She loves Thee and trusts in Thee. shouted as he raced past. he feared to offend Divinity at the moment when he needed favor and mercy most. After a time he rushed at full speed past the temple of Mercury. began to pray. These people holding torches were hastening to put themselves under protection of the deity. which lay midway to Rome. and. bear her out of the flames. it is true. take her in Thy arms. Thou hast the power to do that! Give her to me.The groans of Vinicius were mingled with the snorting and groans of his horse. which stood in a grove before the city. Thou didst come to this world to teach pity to mankind. Thou canst do so. to the grove by side-paths. the beast. From the town came the sound 312 . and I will give Thee my blood.

"The fire!" thought Vinicius. where Vinicius had another beast in relay." At this moment they brought the fresh horse. But Vinicius knew that on reaching the top he should see. "Vinicius. At the same time the summit of the height was becoming gilded. the dawn had passed into light." said he. which might come either from burning Rome or the rising daylight. Vinicius. and at his command ran one before the other to lead out a fresh horse. which hid the horizon completely. and nothing obstructed the view. Answer on thy head!" "The fire broke out in the shops near the Circus Maximus. and then a terrible sight struck his eyes. an Augustian. "Who art thou?" asked the decurioni. where fresh horses were ready for him. Vinicius touched the summit at last. and he began to lash his horse anew. The road from Aricia lay at the foot of the mountain. People are perishing from heat and smoke. going evidently with news from the city to Antium. overturning and trampling a number of persons on the way. But before he had reached the top of the mountain he felt the wind on his face. "From the top I shall see the flames. not only BoviIlae and Ustrinum.of voices. along which only the arches of the aqueducts ran toward the city. and with it came the odor of smoke to his nostrils. The night had paled long since. seeing a detachment of ten mounted pretorians. a tribune of the army. 313 . Slaves. but it is seizing new parts every moment with a force which nothing can stop. Vinicius rode into Aricia like a whirlwind. When we were despatched. rose on his haunches before the inn. sprang toward them. stood before the inn. and Albanum lying on the other side of it. all rescue is impossible. The young tribune sprang to his back and rushed on. "What part of the city is on fire?" inquired he. and on all the nearer summits golden and rosy gleams were shining. but. He was surrounded by shouts of "Rome is burning!" "Rome is on fire!" "May the gods rescue Rome!" The horse stumbled." "And the Trans-Tiber?" "The fire has not reached the Trans-Tiber yet. but Rome as well: for beyond Albanum the low level Campania stretched on both sides of the Appian Way. He was riding now toward Albanum. the centre of the city was on fire. leaving Alba Longa and its splendid lake on the right. reined in by a powerful hand. as if waiting for the arrival of their master.

Above this belt rose a wave of smoke. In this cloud towns. aqueducts. That monstrous wave seemed at times to cover even the belt of fire. like a serpent which is unwinding and extending. forming as it were one gigantic cloud lying close to the earth. "that a city should begin to burn in all places at once. less and less transparent. some people survive in all cases. why. hiding its lower part. and terror began to raise the hair on his head. That was a long belt. The alarmed citizens had moved out to the street. The conflagration had not the form of a pillar of fire. should Lygia perish of a 314 . while descending toward Albanum. but the whole world. as happens when a single building is burning. and the world-ruling city be swept from the face of the earth with its inhabitants. Even in captured places. "It is impossible. in places like blood. rather. which became then as narrow as a ribbon. But he tried to fortify himself as best he might. as at times a stretch of forest hides the horizon." thought he. To Vinicius it seemed at the first glance of the eye that not only the city was burning. The Sabine hills were not visible in the least. The town itself was buried in it thoroughly. but later this ribbon illuminated the smoke from beneath. trees. disappeared. in others squeezed and squirming. whcn it was difficult to breathe in Albanum. It is equally impossible that a whole population should perish. changing its lower rolls into waves of flame. Despair seized Vinicius anew. shaped like the belt of dawn. even when of the greatest size. in places looking rose-colored. bringing the smell of burnt things and of smoke. then. On the other side there is none. entered smoke which was denser. which began to hide even nearer objects. Clear daylight had come. to save himself and her. But in every ease it will be enough for Ursus to go through the Janiculum gate with Lygia. Viriicius. and the sun lighted up the summits surrounding the Alban Lake. where fire and slaughter rage together. and that no living being could save itself from that ocean of flame and smoke. The wind is blowing from the north and bears smoke in this direction only. villas. in places turning in on itself. It was a terror to think of what might be in Rome. But the bright golden rays of the morning appeared as it were reddish and sickly through the haze. in some places inflated. in places entirely black. The two extended from one side of the sky to the other.The whole lower region was covered with smoke. The wind blew with growing strength from the region of the fire. but beyond this gray ghastly plain the city was burning on the hills.

Besides pedestrians with bundles on their backs. This seemed to him more likely. and on the streets were swarms of fugitives. and wished to go beyond the line of smoke. If they were fleeing from the city. mules and vehicles laden with effects. a wonderful impression clung to him. touching which he had written to Lygia at the beginning of his stay in Antium. shouting. they had escaped the fire. a wonderful exaltation possessed the young tribune. or would show its truth hereafter.certainty? On the contrary. too. yielding to fixed habit. and. He who Himself. he might find them in Bovillae. which was turned afterward into fixed faith. and in that ease how could he fail to warn and lead forth the Christians from the city. Since Peter had blessed his love and promised him Lygia. which was stretching more widely over all the Campania. he grew somewhat calm. since he met increasing numbers of people. as he might his own child? And a hope. entered the heart of Vinicius. whom he loved. Here and there people were erecting tents under which whole families were to find shelter. but no spark from the fire would fall on her garments. God watches over her. beyond doubt. and regained his cool blood. who had deserted the city and were going to the Alban Hills. Under the influence of a sleepless night. or cursing the 315 . He remembered. and among others Lygia. an almost superhuman being. opens it with a word. calling on the gods. conquered death. with promises of gifts and sacrifices." Thus reasoning. Before he had reached Ustrinum he had to slacken his pace because of the throng. he foresaw the fire. he met horses with packs. and impressions. he made great vows to Christ. and they pass uninjured through an alley of fire. but by the Apostle Peter. Moreover. From the time when he heard him at Ostrianum. Lygia could not perish in the flames. Peter saw future events. in this exaltation all things seemed possible: Peter speaks to the flame. fresh solace entered his heart. hence. — that every word of the old man was true. The city might burn. under temple porticos. nearly all of whose inhabitants were on roofs and on trees to look at Rome. that Lygia was protected not only by Ursus and Linus. he began to pray again. mad riding. which was strengthening every moment. At the mere remembrance of this. On the market square. and finally litters in which slaves were bearing the wealthier citizens. After he had hurried through Albanum. or meet them on the road. Ustrinum was so thronged with fugitives from Rome that it was difficult to push through the crowd. The beloved face might appear any moment from out the smoke. The nearer acquaintance which during his illness he had formed with the Apostle heightened the impression. For him Peter was an incomprehensible. Others settled down under the naked sky.

" cried Vinicius. but the heat will stifle thee. The fire had begun at the Circus Maximus." Here Junius. and children arrived from the direction of Rome every moment. "Never mind the Trans-Tiber. The flames surrounding the Palatine have reached the Carinae. let it perish also. these increased the disorder and outcry." said Junius." filled -with works of art which he loved. near the Aventine. sought desperately those whom they had lost. with vehemence. "The Trans-Tiber?" J unius looked at him with amazement. began to groan despairingly. "The Trans-Tiber is more important to me than all other parts of Rome. — "But the Vicus Patricius?" "On fire!" replied Junius. But Vinicius shook him by the shoulder: "My house too is on the Carinx." said he. scattering it on his head. or find profit in plunder made easy by the uproar. women. Junius. "the Aventine and Caelian Hills are on fire. gone astray in the throng. was the first to give more detailed news of the conflagration." Then recollecting that at his advice Lygia might have gone to the house of Aulus. or with eyes half bewildered from terror answered that the city and the world were perishing. but extended with incomprehensible rapidity and seized the whole centre of the city." Here Junius hesitated a moment. others fought for a camping-place. and. People to whom Vinicius applied either did not answer. In the general terror it was difficult to inquire about anything. New crowds of men.fates. and to fighting with the soldiers who appeared in defence of the citizens. Here and there crowds of slaves of every nationality and gladiators fell to robbing houses and villas in the town. The Trans-Tibet? I know not. then said in a low voice: "I 316 . Never since the time of Brennus had such an awful catastrophe come upon Rome. seized a handful of foul dust. "The entire Circus has burnt. Some. a senator. whom Vinicius saw at the inn surrounded by a detachment of Batavian slaves. "The way is through the Via Portuensis. Half-wild shepherds from the Campania crowded to the town to hear news." said he. "but when everything is perishing. as well as the shops and houses surrounding it. in the part which touches the Palatine and the Caelian Hill. pressing his aching temples with his palms. he inquired. The fire had not reached it. but whether it is not there at this moment the gods alone know. who possessed on the Carinae a magnificent "insula.

On the other hand people are revolting.know that thou wilt not betray me. People arc perishing in flames or slaying one another in the throng. embraced by a monstrous conflagration. "Woe! Woe to the city and to us!" Vinicius sprang to his horse. and the uproar of people could not drown the roar and the hissing of flames. From the sea of fire and smoke came a terrible heat. lay before Vinicius as a thing on the palm of his hand. I can say nothing more. Woe to the city. 317 . woe to us all. and hurried forward along the Appian Way. so I will tell thee that this is no common fire. The city. and to me! The tongue of man cannot tell what is happening there. and crying that the city is burning at command. When houses began to burn in every direction. But now it was rather a struggling through the midst of a river of people and vehicles. This is the end of Rome!" And again he fell to repeating. I myself heard thousands of voices exclaiming. which was flowing from the city. 'Death to those who save!' Certain people ran through the city and hurled burning torches into buildings. People were not permitted to save the Circus.

lying on both sides of it. and who in hand-to-hand battle had to meet the raging multitude in many 318 . so as to find a refuge within during night-hours. so that when the permanent inhabitants. fields. A multitude of barbarians. In the temple of Mars. Germans. In the cemeteries the larger monuments were seized. Ustrinum with its disorder gave barely a slight foretaste of that which was happening beneath the walls of the capital. Africans. and robbing the people. were turned into camping places. trampling. ran with wild shouts through the neighboring squares. Gladiators drunk with wine seized in the Emporium gathered in crowds. Britons. Houses. because of the throng of people. who were hardly ever seen on the streets in the daytime. and battles fought in defence of them. he found it easier to reach Rome than penetrate to the middle of the city. and bore away the younger women. It was difficult to push along the Appian Way. and whose existence in Rome it was difficult to suspect. escaped from the booths. Greeks. Men of this wild and unrestrained crowd. wretches who had nothing on their bodies save woollen girdles around their hips. of Rome was at once the end of slavery and the hour of revenge. cemeteries. In the midst of that surging throng of humanity. which were carried to bloodshed. All regard for the dignity of law. for family ties. who had lost all they owned in the fire. shone the helmets of pretorians. gardens. which stood near the Porta Appia. exposed for sale in the city. dragged clothing from people's backs. these slaves with howls of delight scattered the crowds. They were joined by slaves serving in the city from of old. and temples. raged. for difference of position. had ceased. dreadful figures from the alleys. calling for rescue. scattering. For them the burning and ruin. howling in every language of the earth. the crowd had thrown down the doors. stretched their hands to the gods in despair.Chapter 43 As Vinicius approached the walls. in the glitter of day and of fire. thinking that the hour had come in which they were free to reward themselves for years of misery and suffering. Asiatics. Thracians. under whose protection the more peaceable population had taken refuge.

which led straight to the TransTiber. This man. hence whoso wished to go beyond the Tiber had to push through to the Pons Sublicius. and license were mingled together in such immeasurable chaos. the centurion did not dare to disobey the order. The throng assumed in places a threatening aspect.places. through which it was impossible to see the blue sky. did not exist yet. these threats could be changed into open rebellion which might break out any moment. however. Vinicius heard voices accusing Nero of burning the city. Above this heaving. and go to the Via Portuensis. but never had his eyes beheld a spectacle in which despair. he saw a centurion who was known to him. He and Poppaea were threatened with death. forgetting for that moment the teaching of Paul touching love for one's neighbor. That was an impossibility. he pressed and cut the throng in front with a haste that was fatal to many who could not push aside in season. to pass around the Aventine through a part of the city covered now with one sea of flame. at the head of a few tens of soldiers. but to these he gave no heed. Vinicius had no weapons. caring only to reach freer spaces at the earliest. and covering it with smoke. the bridge at the Porta Trigenia. and heaped loud curses on Caesar and the pretorians. but there he saw that he could not reach the city through the division of the Porta Capena. Vinicius took command of the detachment himself. He and his men were followed by curses and a shower of stones. but also because of the terrible heat from which the whole atmosphere was quivering inside the gate. People who had encamped would not move. even with the sword. was defending the precinct of the temple. mad human multitude roared the fire. tears. He must open a passage for himself there. surging up to the hill-tops of the greatest city on earth. pain. others that Rome had shown patience enough. Vinicius understood that he must return toward Ustrinum. Some shouted to drag him to the Tiber. It was clear that were a leader found. that is. he had left Antium just as the news of the fire had reached him in Caesar's villa. Besides. turn from the Appian Way. sending into the whirling throng its fiery breath. opposite the temple of the Bona Dea. "Matricide!" were heard round about. actor). Shouts of "Sanio. wild delight. At the fountain of Mercury. Still he advanced with the greatest effort. not merely because of the throng. forced his way at last to the Appian Gate. madness. and. he commanded him to follow. That was not easy because of the increasing disorder on the Appian Way. Vinicius had seen captured cities." "Histrio" (buffoon. The young tribune with supreme effort. rage. Recognizing a tribune and an Augustian. groans. 319 . cross the river below the city. and exposing his life every moment.

Meanwhile the rage and despair of the crowd turned against the pretorians, who for another reason could not make their way out of the crowd: the road was blocked by piles of goods, borne from the fire previously, boxes, barrels of provisions, furniture the most costly, vessels, infants' cradles, beds, carts, hand-packs. Here and there they fought band to hand; but the pretorians conquered the weaponiess multitude easily. After they had ridden with difficulty across the Viae Latina, Numitia, Ardea, Lavinia, and Ostia, and passed around villas, gardens, cemeteries, and temples, Vinicius reached at last a village called Vicus Alexandri, beyond which he crossed the Tibet. There was more open space at this spot, and less smoke. From fugitives, of whom there was no lack even there, he learned that only certain alleys of the Trans-Tiber were burning, but that surely nothing could resist the fury of the conflagration, since people were spreading the fire purposely, and permitted no one to quench it, declaring that they acted at command. The young tribune had not the least doubt then that Caesar had given command to burn Rome; and the vengeance which pe9ple demanded seemed to him just and proper. What more could Mithridates or any of Rome's most inveterate enemies have done? The measure had been exceeded; his madness had grown to be too enormous, and the existence of people too difficult because of him. Vinicius believed that Nero's hour had struck, that those ruins into which the city was falling should and must overwhelm the monstrous buffoon together with all those crimes of his. Should a man be found of courage sufficient to stand at the head of the despairing people, that might happen in a few hours. Here vengeful and daring thoughts began to fly through his head. But if he should do that? The house of Vinicius, which till recent times counted a whole series of consuls, was known throughout Rome. The crowds needed only a name. Once, when four hundred slaves of the prefect Pedanius Secundus were sentenced, Rome reached the verge of rebellion and civil war. What would happen to-day in view of a dreadful calamity surpassing almost everything which Rome had undergone in the course of eight centuries? Whoso calls the Quirites to arms, thought Vinicius, will overthrow Nero undoubtedly, and clothe himself in purple. And why should he not do this? He was firmer, more active, younger than other Augustians. True, Nero commanded thirty legions stationed on the borders of the Empire; but would not those legions and their leaders rise up at news of the burning of Rome and its temples? And in that case Vinicius might become Caesar. It was even whispered among the Augustians that a soothsayer had predicted the purple to Os-ho. In what way was he inferior to Os-


ho? Perhaps Christ Himself would assist him with His divine power; maybe that inspiration was His? "Oh, would that it were!" exclaimed Vinicius, in spirit. He would take vengeance on Nero for the danger of Lygia and his own fear; he would begin the reign of truth and justice, he would extend Christ's religion from the Euphrates to the misty shores of Britain; he would array Lygia in the purple, and make her mistress of the world. But these thoughts which had burst forth in his head like a bunch of sparks from a blazing house, died away like sparks. First of all was the need to save Lygia. He looked now on the catastrophe from near by; hence fear seized him again, and before that sea of flame and smoke, before the touch of dreadful reality, that confidence with which he believed that Peter would rescue Lygia died in his heart altogether. Despair seized him a second time when he had come out on the Via Portuensis, which led directly to the Trans-Tiber. He did not recover till he came to the gate, where people repeated what fugitives had said before, that the greater part of that division of the city was not seized by the flames yet, but that fire had crossed the river in a number of places. Still the Trans-Tiber was full of smoke, and crowds of fugitives made it more difficult to reach the interior of the place, since people, having more time there, had saved greater quantities of goods. The main street itself was in many parts filled completely, and around the Naumachia Augusta great heaps were piled up. Narrow alleys, in which smoke had collected more densely, were simply impassable. The inhabitants were fleeing in thousands. On the way Vinicius saw wonderful sights. More than once two rivers of people, flowing in opposite directions, met in a narrow passage, stopped each other, men fought hand to hand, struck and trampled one another. Families lost one another in the uproar; mothers called on their children despairingly. The young tribune's hair stood on end at thought of what must happen nearer the fire. Amid shouts and howls it was difficult to inquire about anything or understand what was said. At times new columns of smoke from beyond the river rolled toward them, smoke black and so heavy that it moved near the ground, hiding houses, people, and every object, just as night does. But the wind caused by the conflagration blew it away again, and then Vinicius pushed forward farther toward the alley in which stood the house of Linus. The fervor of a July day, increased by the heat of the burning parts of the city, became unendurable. Smoke pained the eyes; breath failed in men's breasts. Even the inhabitants who, hoping that the fire would not cross the river, had remained in their houses so far, began to leave them;


and the throng increased hourly. The pretorians accompanying Vinicius remained in the rear. In the crush some one wounded his horse with a hammer; the beast threw up its bloody head, reared, and refused obedience. The crowd recognized in Vinicius an Augustian by his rich tunic, and at once cries were raised round about: "Death to Nero and his incendiaries!" This was a moment of terrible danger; hundreds of hands were stretched toward Vinicius; but his frightened horse bore him away, trampling people as he went, and the next moment a new wave of black smoke rolled in and filled the street with darkness. Vinicius, seeing that he could not ride past, sprang to the earth and rushed forward on foot, slipping along walls, and at times waiting till the fleeing multitude passed him. He said to himself in spirit that these were vain efforts. Lygia might not be in the city; she might have saved herself by flight. It was easier to find a pin on the seashore than her in that crowd and chaos. Still he wished to reach the house of Linus, even at the cost of his own life. At times he stopped and rubbed his eyes. Tearing off the edge of his tunic, he covered his nose and mouth with it and ran on. As he approached the river, the heat increased terribly. Vinicius, knowing that the fire had begun at the Circus Maximus, thought at first that that heat came from its cinders and from the Forum Boarium and the Velabruin, which, situated near by, must be also in flames. But the heat was growing unendurable. One old man on crutches and fleeing, the last whom Vinicius noticel, cried: "Go not near the bridge of Cestius! The whole island is on fire!" It was, indeed, impossible to be deceived any longer. At the turn toward the Vicus Judaeorum, on which stood the house of Linus, vhae young tribune saw flames amid clouds of smoke. Not only the island was burning, but the Trans-Tiber, or at least the other end of the street on which Lygia dwelt. Vinicius remembered that the house of Linus was surrounded by a garden; between the garden and the Tiber was an unoccupied field of no great size. This thought consoled him. The fire might stop at the vacant place. In that hope he ran forward, though every breeze brought not only smoke, but sparks in thousands, which might raise a fire at the other end of the alley and cut off his return. At last he saw through the smoky curtain the cypresses in Linus's garden. The houses beyond the unoccupied field were burning already like piles of fuel, but Linus's little "insula" stood untouched yet. Vinieius glanced heavenward with thankfulness, and sprang toward the house


though the very air began to burn him. The door was closed, but he pushed it open and rushed in. There was not a living soul in the gardrn, and the house seemed quke empty. "Perhaps they have fainted from smoke and heat," thought Vinicius. He began ro call, — "Lygia! Lygia!" Silence answered him. Nothing could be heard in the stillness there save the roar of the distant fire. "Lygia!" Suddenly his ear was struck by that gloomy sound which he had heard before in that garden. Evidently the vivariun's near the temple of Esculapius, on the neighboring island, had caught fire. In this vivarium every kind of wild beast, and among others lions, began to roar from affright. A shiver ran through Vinicius from foot to head. Now, a second time, at a moment when his whole being was concentrated in Lygia, these terrible voices answered, as a herald of misfortune, as a marvellous prophecy of an ominous future. But this was a brief impression, for the thunder of the flames, more terrible yet than the roaring of wild beasts, commanded him to think of something else. Lygia did not answer his calls; but she might be in a faint or stifled in that threatened building. Vinicius sprang to the interior. The little atrium was empty, and dark with smoke. Feeling for the door which led to the sleeping-rooms, he saw the gleaming flame of a small lamp, and approaching it saw the lararium in which was a cross instead of lares. Under the cross a taper was burning. Through the head of the young catechumen, the thought passed with lightning speed that that cross sent him the taper with which he could find Lygia; hence he took the taper and searched for the sleeping-rooms. He found one, pushed aside the curtains, and, holding the taper, looked around. There was no one there, either. Vinicius was sure that he had found Lygia's sleeping-room, for her clothing was on nails in the wall, and on the bed lay a capitium, or close garment worn by women next the body. Vinicius seized that, pressed it to his lips, and taking it on his arm went farther. The house was small, so that he examined every room, and even the cellar quickly. Nowhere could he find a living soul. It was evident that Lygia, Linus, and Ursus, with other inhabitants of that part, must have sought safety in flight. "I must seek them among the crowd beyond the gates of the city," thought Vinicius.


He was not astonished greatly at not meeting them on the Via Portuensis, for they might have left the Trans-Tiber through the opposite side along the Vatican Hill. In every case they were safe from fire at least. A stone fell from his breast. He saw, it is true, the terrible danger with which the flight was connected, hut he was comforted at thought of the preterhuman strength of Ursus. "I must flee now," said he, "and reach the gardens of Agrippina through the gardens of Domitius, where I shall find them. The smoke is not so terrible there, since the wind blows from the Sabine Hill." The hour had come now in which he must think of his own safety, for the river of fire was flowing nearer and nearer from the direction of the island, and rolls of smoke covered the alley almost completely. The taper, which had lighted him in the house, was quenched from the current of air. Vinicius rushed to the street, and ran at full speed toward the Via Portuensis, whence he had come; the fire seemed to pursue him with burning breath, now surrounding him with fresh clouds of smoke, now covering him with sparks, which fell on his hair, neck, and clothing. The tunic began to smoulder on him in places; he cared not, but ran forward lest he might be stifled from smoke. He had the taste of soot and burning in his mouth; his throat and lungs were as if on fire. The blood rushed to his head, and at moments all things, even the smoke itself, seemed red to him. Then he thought: "This is living fire! Better cast myself on the ground and perish." The running tortured him more and more. His head, neck, and shoulders were streaming with sweat, which scalded like boiling water. Had it not been for Lygia's name, repeated by him in thought, had it not been for her capitium, which he wound across his mouth, he would have fallen. Some moments later he failed to recognize the street along which he ran. Consciousness was leaving him gradually; he remembered only that he must flee, for in the open field beyond waited Lygia, whom Peter had promised him. And all at once he was seized by a certain wonderful conviction, half feverish, like a vision before death, that he must see her, marry her, and then die. But he ran on as if drunk, staggering from one side of the street to the other. Meanwhile something changed in that monstrous conflagration which had embraced the giant city. Everything which till then had only glimmered, burst forth visibly into one sea of flame; the wind had ceased to bring smoke. That smoke which had collected in the streets was borne away by a mad whirl of heated air. That whirl drove with it millions of sparks, so that Vinicius was running in a fiery cloud as it were. But he was able to see before him all the better, and in a moment, almost when


he was ready to fall, he saw the end of the street. That sight gave him fresh strength. Passing the corner, he found himself in a street which led to the Via Portuensis and the Codetan Field. The sparks ceased to drive him. He understood that if he could run to the Via Portuensis he was safe, even were he to faint on it. At the end of the street he saw again a cloud, as it seemed, which stopped the exit. "If that is smoke," thought he, "1 cannot pass." He ran with the remnant of his strength. On the way he threw off his tunic, which, on fire from the sparks, was burning him like the shirt of Nessus, having only Lygia's capitium around his head and before his mouth. When he had run farther, he saw that what he had taken for smoke was dust, from which rose a multitude of cries and voices. "The rabble are plundering houses," thought Vinicius. But he ran toward the voices. In every case people were there; they might assist him. In this hope he shouted for aid with all his might before he reached them. But this was his last effort. It grew redder still in his eyes, breath failed his lungs, strength failed his hones; he fell. They heard him, however, or rather saw him. Two men ran with gourds full of water. Vinicius, who had fallen from exhaustion but had not lost consciousness, seized a gourd with both hands, and emptied one-half of it. "Thanks," said he; "place me on my feet, I can walk on alone." The other laborer poured water on his head; the two not only placed him on his feet, but raised him from the ground, and carried him to the others, who surrounded him and asked if he had suffered seriously. This tenderness astonished Vinicius. "People, who are ye?" asked he. "We are breaking down houses, so that the fire may not reach the Via Portuensis," answered one of the laborers. "Ye came to my aid when I had fallen. Thanks to you." "We are not permitted to refuse aid," answered a number of voices. Vinicius, who from early morning had seen brutal crowds, slaying and robbing, looked with more attention on the faces around him, and said, — "May Christ reward you." "Praise to His name!" exclaimed a whole chorus of voices. "Linus?" inquired Vinicius.


But he could not finish the question or hear the answer, for he fainted from emotion and over-exertion. He recovered only in the Codetan Field in a garden, surrounded by a number of men and women. The first words which he uttered were, — "Where is Linus?" For a while there was no answer; then some voice, known to Vinicius, said all at once, — "He went out by the Nomentan Gate to Ostrianum two days ago. Peace be with thee, O king of Persia!" Vinicius rose to a sitting posture, and saw Chilo before him. "Thy house is burned surely, O lord," said the Greek, "for the Carinaee is in flames; but thou wilt be always as rich as Midas. Oh, what a misfortune! The Christians, O son of Serapis, have predicted this long time that fire would destroy the city. But Linus, with the daughter of Jove, is in Ostrianum. Oh, what a misfortune for the city!" Vinicius became weak again. "Hart thou seen them?" he inquired. "I saw them, O lord. May Christ and all the gods be thanked that I am able to pay for thy benefactions with good news. But, O Cyrus, I shall pay thee still more, I swear by this burning Rome." It was evening, but in the garden one could see as in daylight, for the conflagration had increased. It seemed that not single parts of the city were burning, but the whole city through the length and the breadth of it. The sky was red as far as the eye could see it, and that night in the world was a red night.




Light from the burning city filled the sky as far as human eye could rcack The moon rose large and full from behind the mountains, and inflamed at once by the glare took on the color of heated brass. It seemed to look with amazement on the world-ruling city which was perishing. In the rose-colored abysses of heaven rose-colored stars were glittering; but in distinction from usual nights the earth was brighter than the heavens. Rome, like a giant pile, illuminated the whole Campania. In the bloody light were seen distant mountains, towns, villas, temples, mountains, and the aqueducts stretching toward the city from all the adjacent hills; on the aqueducts were swarms of people, who had gathered there br safety or to gaze at the burning. Meanwhile the dreadful element was embracing new divisions of the city. It was impossible to doubt that criminal hands were spreading the fire, since new conflagrations were breaking out all the time in places remote from the principal fire. From the heights on which Rome was founded the flames flowed like waves of the sea into the valleys densely occupied by houses, — houses of five and six stories, full of shops, booths, movable wooden amphitheatres, built to accommodate various spectacles; and finally storehouses of wood, olives, grain, nuts, pine cones, the kernels of which nourishcd the more needy population, and clothing, which through Caesar's favor was distributed from time to time among the rabble huddled into narrow alleys. In those places the fire, finding abundance of inflammable materials, became almost a series of explosions, and took possession of whole streets with unheard-of rapidity. People encamping outside the city, or standing on the aqueducts knew from the color of the flame what was burning. The furious power of the wind carried forth from the fiery gulf thousands and millions of burning shells of walnuts and almonds, which, shooting suddenly into the sky, like countless flocks of bright butterflies, burst with a crackling, or, driven by the wind, fell in other parts of the city, on aqueducts, and fields beyond Rome. All thought of rescue seemed out of place; confusion


increased every moment, for on one side the population of the city was fleeing through every gate to places outside; on the other the fire had lured in thousands of people from the neighborhood, such as dwellers in small towns, peasants, and half-wild shepherds of the Campania, brought in by hope of plunder. The shout, "Rome is perishing!" did not leave the lips of the crowd; the ruin of the city seemed at that time to end every rule, and loosen all bonds which hitherto had joined people in a single integrity. The mob, in which slaves were more numerous, cared nothing for the lordship of Rome. Destruction of the city could only free them; hence here and there they assumed a threatening attitude. Violence and robbery were extending. It seemed that only the spectacle of the perishing city arrested attention, and restrained for the moment an outburst of slaughter, which would begin as soon as the city was turned into ruins. Hundreds of thousands of slaves, forgetting that Rome, besides temples and walls, possessed some tens of legions in all parts of the world, appeared merely waiting for a watchword and a leader. People began to mention the name of Spartacus, but Spartacus was not alive. Meanwhile citizens assembled, and armed themselves each with what he could. The most monstrous reports were current at all the gates. Some declared that Vulcan, commanded by Jupiter, was destroying the city with fire from beneath the earth; others that Vesta was taking vengeance for Rubria. People with these convictions did not care to save anything, but, besieging the temples, implored mercy of the gods. It was repeated most generally, however, that Caesar had given command to burn Rome, so as to free himself from odors which rose from the Subura, and build a new city under the name of Neronia. Rage seized the populace at thought of this; and if, as Vinicius believed, a leader had taken advantage of that outburst of hatred, Nero's hour would have struck whole years before it did. It was said also that Caesar had gone mad, that he would command pretorians and gladiators to fall upon the people and make a general slaughter. Others swore by the gods that wild beasts had been let out of all the vivaria at Bronzebeard's command. Men had seen on the streets lions with burning manes, and mad elephants and bisons, trampling down people in crowds. There was even some truth in this; for in certain places elephants, at sight of the approaching fire, had burst the vivaria, and, gaining their freedom, rushed away from the fire in wild fright, destroying everything before them like a tempest. Public report estimated at tens of thousands the number of persons who had perished in the conflagration. In truth a great number had perished. There were people


who, losing all their property, or those dearest their hearts, threw themselves willingly into the flames, from despair. Others were suffocated by smoke. In the middle of the city, between the Capitol, on one side, and the Quirinal, the Viminal, and the Esquiline on the other, as also between the Palatine and the Caelian Hill, where the streets were most densely occupied, the fire began in so many places at once that whole crowds of people, while fleeing in one direction, struck unexpectedly on a new wall of fire in front of them, and died a dreadful death in a deluge of flame. In terror, in distraction, and bewilderment, people knew not where to flee. The streets were obstructed with goods, and in many narrow places were simply closed. Those who took refuge in those markets and squares of the city, where the Flavian Amphitheatre stood afterward, near the temple of the Earth, near the Portico of Silvia, and higher up, at the temples of Juno and Lucinia, between the Clivus Virbius and the old Esquiline Gate, perished from heat, surrounded by a sea of fire. In places not reached by the flames were found afterward hundreds of bodies burned to a crisp, though here and there unfortunates tore up flat stones and half buried themselves in defence against the heat. Hardly a family inhabiting the centre of the city survived in full; hence along the walls, at the gates, on all roads were heard howls of despairing women, calling on the dear names of those who had perished in the throng or the fire. And so, while some were imploring the gods, others blasphemed them because of this awful catastrophe. Old men were seen coming from the temple of Jupiter Liberator, stretching forth their hands, and crying, "If thou be a liberator, save thy altars and the city!" But despair turned mainly against the old Roman gods, who, in the minds of the populace, were bound to watch over the city more carefully than others. They had proved themselves powerless; hence were insulted. On the other hand it happened on the Via Asinaria that when a company of Egyptian priests appeared conducting a statue of Isis, which they had saved from the temple near the Porta Culimontana, a crowd of people rushed among the priests, attached themselves to the chariot, which they drew to the Appian Gate, and seizing the statue placed it in the temple of Mars, overwhelming the priests of that deity who dared to resist them. In other places people invoked Seraph, Baal, or Jehovah, whose adherents, swarming out of the alleys in the neighborhood of the Subura and the Trans-Tiber, filled with shouts and uproar the fields near the walls. In their cries were heard tones as if of triumph; when, therefore, some of the citizens joined the chorus and glorified "the Lord of the World," others, indignant at this glad shouting, strove to repress it by violence. Here


into sparks. — hymns wonderful and solemn. but in which were repeated from moment to moment the words. by women and children. by old men. roared. The night became brighter. into hair. turned them into golden threads. sung by men in the bloom of life.and there hymns were heard. not only with light. In a few hours all that part of the city. that iii the general ruin the order of night and day had been lost. whose meaning they understood not. perfect. was so lighted by bright yellow flames that for a time it seemed to the spectators. arenas. But later a monstrous bloody gleam extinguished all other colors of flame. and every kind of machine at the games. and that they were looking at sunshine. But neither despair nor blasphemy nor hymn helped in any way. From the sea of fire shot up to the heated sky gigantic fountains. The Tiber flowed on as living fire. The destruction seemed as irresistible. like a tempest— driven sea. drowned valleys. only half conscious from terror. but with flame." Thus this deluge of restless and sleepless people encircled the burning city. then the wind bore them away. beyond which lay the Campus Martius. and swept them on over the Campania toward the Alban Hills. and ropes used in circuses. the air itself seemed penetrated. flooded level places. The hapless city was turned into one pandemonium. and thundered. Around Pompey's Amphitheatre stores of hemp caught fire. "Behold the Judge cometh in the day of wrath and disaster. and with them the adjoining buildings containing barrels of pitch with which ropes were smeared. The conflagration seized more and more space. and pillars of flame spreading at their summits into fiery branches and feathers. raged. 330 . and pitiless as Predestination itself. took hills by storm.

Vinicius remembered the difficulty with which he had passed from the Appian Way to the Trans-Tiber. whose care he felt above him. had gone to Ostrianum. to go around the city this time in the opposite direction.Chapter 45 MACRINUS. Oh. Vinicius saw in all this a dispensation of Christ. and his heart was filled more than ever with love. they would be surrounded by the calm of the country. where Peter was to baptize a whole company of confessors of the new faith. This thought gave him great comfort. therefore. For Vinicius this was a proof that neither Lygia nor Ursus had remained in the house. and gave him clothing and food. if he could find them! That was no easy thing. he swore in his soul to pay with his whole life for those clear marks of favor. he declared that he would search further for Linus that very night. Linus was an old man. hence it was likely that he lodged those few days with some co-religionist beyond the walls. even to Sicily. who was a Christian. which in general had not reached the other slope of the Esquiine. to some of his lands. Why remain in the face of disaster and a mad rabble? In his lands troops of obedient slaves would protect them. Going by the Via Triumphatoris. and live in peace under Christ's wings blessed by Peter. that Linus. Thus they escaped the fire. to whose house Vinicius was carried. in a few days it would be a mere heap of ashes. In that division of the city it was known to Christians that Linus had confided the care of his house two days before to a certain Gaius. for whom it would be difficult to walk daily to the distant Nomentan Gate. But all the more did he hurry to Ostrianum. He resolved. confirmed Chio's report. When the young tribune had recovered his strength altogether. and back to the Trans-Tiber. a weaver. and how he must circle around to reach the Via Portuensis. Let Rome burn. and that they also must have gone to Ostrianum. it was possible to reach the )Emilian bridge by going 331 . with Clement the chief priest. Macrinus. He would find Lygia. and with him also Lygia and Ursus. washed him. find Linus and Peter. he would take them to a distance.

but all the market squares and streets might be packed densely with people and their goods. thou hint no love for Rome. and push on outside the walls beyond the gardens of Acilius to the Porta Salaria. but Macrinus and Chio advised him not to take it. talked to himself almost the whole way. too. all the Campus Martius. Macrinus had to remain in care of his house. and whistle over them. which would serve Lygia also in a further ourney. but they pushed between them with less difficulty. judging tIlftt the first detachment of pretorians he met on the road would pass under his orders. is mere ashes. Whoso wants to walk on the ashes. we have left the fire behind. There were vehicles there. The fire had not touched that part of th‡ city. which the wind will blow away sooner or later. and now it is heating our shoulders. it iae true. — a city which Greece and the whole world was serving! And now the first Greek who comes along may roast beans in its ashes. after a moment's hesitation. may whistle without danger. when they grow cold. Vinicius. O gods! to whistle over such a world-ruling city! What Greek.along the river. at times they had to struggle merely with the current of incoming rustics. Lucullus. surely. Vinicius urged his mule forward as much as possible. but Vinicius re1uaeed." Thus talking. nor Roman rulers. and looked at the waves of flame with a face filled at once with delight and malice. thence passing the Pincian Hill. the mighty cypresses were red from the conflagration. but Chilo. That was the shortest way. in open places. he turned from moment to moment toward the conflagration. Never yet has there been so much light on this road in the night-time. as the inhabitants had fled for the greater part by the Via Portuensis toward the sea. Beyond the Septimian Gate they rode between the river and the splendid gardens of Domitius. took this advice. The road became freer. riding closely in the rear. to make a push forward to the Via Nomentana. whether left after a shepherd's fire or a burnt city. Chilo advised him to go through the Ager Vaticanus to the Porta Flaminia. could have hoped for this? And still one may whistle. as if from evening sunshine. but he provided two mules. for a heap of ashes. He wished to give a slave. O Zeus! if thou wilt not send torrents of rain on that fire. cross the river at that point. and Sallust. Who could have looked for this? And now there will be no longer a Rome. Soon he and Chilo moved on through the Pagus Janiculensis to the Triumphal Way. "Well. or even barbarian. The power of man will not quench those flames. 332 . too. outside the gardens of Pornpey. Such a city.

and began to appear in other places also. and those just laws in virtue of which ye take from all what they have and give it to yourselves. Some fell into bewilderment. I saw some also who howled from delight. but when the flames seized the whole Circus. others howled in despair. People round about cried that the end of the world had come. as truly as if thou hadst fired it with thy thunderbolt. lord. when men began to shout: 'Fire!' People gathered around the Circus for safety. if thou hadst seen that. but it crumbles in fire. —Jove's city!" For a time they rode on in silence. O Zeus! Rome was like a shepherd. and through curiosity. and to thee. blindly into the fire." "Didst thou see people throwing torches into houses?" "What have I not seen. O lord. and other nations like sheep. O father." "Hurry!" urged Vinicius. When the shepherd was hungry. I have seen battles. who kept a shop near the Circus Maximus. each had to think of his own safety. he slaughtered a sheep."It will perish! It will perish!" continued he. a multitude of which had their nests about villas and in small towns of the Campania. "and will never be on earth again. People will not be reconciled to the will of God!" 333 . the entrails of people trampled on the pavement. Vinicius broke the silence first. O Cloud-compeller. lord. listening to the roar of the burning. Some lost their heads altogether. and. The Capitol will turn into dust. there are many bad people in the world who know not how to value the benefactions of your mild rule. and I was just meditating on the teaching of Christ. Whither will the world send its wheat now. Who. and the sound of birds' wings. and the Palatine into dust. — "Where wert thou when the fire burst out?" "I was going to my friend Euricius. its olives. Ah. will do the slaughtering now. and also every kind of field-bird from near the sea and the surrounding mountains. and were putting it to the sword. he made an offering of the skin. mistaking evidently the gleam of the conflagration for sunlight. and into whose hand wilt thou put the shepherd's whip? For Rome is burning. thou wouldst have thought that barbarians had captured the city. whole flocks of them. O grandson of Aeneas! I saw people making a way for themselves through the crowd with swords. ate the flesh. were flying. "what art thou doing there?" "I am weeping over Rome. forgetting to flee. and its money? Who will squeeze gold and tears from it? Marble does not burn. Doves. O father of the gods. waited stupidly till the flames seized them.

— "And dost thou not know where Linus is dwelling at this moment?" "Thou didst punish me sharply on a time f or curiosity. for the Christians. froin watching the Christians. under a terrible threat. "thou wouldst not have found the maiden but for me. Pyrrho has taught me to esteem virtue more than philosophy." 334 . besides. holy Linus. it seemed to him. and he inquired less severely. the good Lygian.O Mithra!" But a doubt rose in the soul of Vinicius whether Chilo was not lying. I saw the maiden. though he had asked at least ten times of Chilo touching all which the old man could know." said he. he remembered that the young soldier had prohibited him. "why dost thou not believe that I love them? I do. "Lord. reining his mule in. "O lord. distribute more alms than all other inhabitants of Rome taken together." This reason seemed sufficient to Vinicius." said Chio. he turned to him once again. hence. O son of Venus. and if we find her now. hence I cleave more and more to virtuous people. and especially Linus and Lygia. after a while. wert at Antium. I suffered hunger frequently over my books. and the Apostle Peter. as to many. Vinicius ceased talking and rode on. O Jove." "Before the fire?" "Before the fire. that with the destruction of Rome would come the end also of Roman dominion. True. and when thou. for I am half a Christian. thou wilt not forget the needy sage?" "Thou wilt receive a house with a vineyard at Ameriola. — "What wert thou doing there?" Chilo was confused. though poor. — "But hast thou seen them in Ostrianum with thy own eyes?" "I saw them. therefore I sat at the wall of Ostrianum. But he was face to face with Vinicius. A shudder of terror seized him at the simple thought that Lygia might be in the midst of that chaos on those terrible streets where people's entrails were trampled on. I am poor. And." replied the Greek. he looked threateningly at the old Greek and inquired. Hence.Vinicius was too much occupied with his own thoughts to note the irony quivering in Chio's words. I was in Ostrianum.

perhaps he wished to be 335 . Linus has a house."Thanks to thee. and. Those who dwell in the Trans-Tiber have chosen just that place which was excavated for the building of the Circus and various houses along the Tiber. that synagogues exist openly in the Trans-Tiber. Recently the Jews. of whom. when they have returned." answered Chilo. prayer so fiercely that the Christians are forced to hide. Beyond doubt we shall find a countless number of them in the excavation. the adherents of Christ are praying. beyond the gardens of Agrippina. Thou hast in mind that in the time of the divine Claudius there were such disturbances that Caesar was forced to expel them from Rome. and preach a religion not recognized by the Senate. as we are doing at this momnent. and attack their houses of. Hear me. with a vineyard!" They were passing the Vatican Hill now. Suddenly Chilo reined in his mule." "What dost thou wish to say?" inquired Vinicius. "Between the Janiculum and the Vatican Hill. but beyond the Naumachia they turned to the right. but the Jews complain to the prefect of the city that Christians murder infants. — "A good thought has come to my head. have begun to persecute Christians cruelly. "But thou has promised me a house with a vineyard at Ameriola. O Hercules! With a vineyard? Thanks to thee! Oh. so my advice is to go in there along the road. but that Christians. go to the Flaminian Gate. and said. lord!" "Speak!" answered Vinicius. Now. No edict against Christians has been issued. They might have gone around outside the city. are forced to pray in secret and assemble in ruined sheds outside the city or in sand-pits. there is a multitude in Trans-Tiber. I have seen it. which was ruddy from the fire. lord. "This. they annoy Christians more insolently. they beat them. so that when they had passed the Vatican Field they would reach the river. They might have returned to the Trans-Tiber after the outbreak of the fire. yes." cried Vinicius impatiently. are excavations from which stones and sand were taken to build the Circus of Nero. lord. thanks to the protection of the Augusta. and when. "for that reason I wish to seek the maiden wherever I hope to find her. when the city is perishing. crossing it. worship an ass. I know this. they feel safe. as thou knowest. in their wish to avoid persecution. Now." "But thou hast said that Linus has gone to Ostrianum.

It was brighter there than in the corridor. for other houses of prayer are burnt or are filled with smoke. they turned still to the left. Chilo. said to him. so that. By the light of these Vinicius saw a whole throng of kneeling people with upraised hands. But from side passages new forms appeared continually. "I hear singing. But in that darkness Vinicius saw swamis of gleaming lanterns. When they had passed the Circus. the two men were in the shade. for the walls were formed of fresh fragments. from which stone had been taken evidently. joined the advancing throng. without waiting for an answer. Light was reflected in the whites of their upraised eyes." In fact. If they have returned. as is the whole Trans-Tiber. in addition to tapers and lanterns. perspiration was flowing along their foreheads. in the worst event. but he was surrounded by faces solenm and full of emotion. some were singing hymns." said Chilo. and. They entered the excavation after a while. we shall get tidings of them." "True!" said Vinicius. and pushed on through the dark passage by the dim light of lanterns till they reached a spacious cave. hope. For a while the slope of the hill concealed the conflagration." "Thou art right. beckoning to a youth who sat near. so that after some time Vinicius and Chilo found themselves amid a whole assemblage of people. by Persephone. On some of them expectation or alarm was evident. He could not see Lygia. pale as chalk. others were repeating feverishly the 336 . — "I am a priest of Christ and a bishop. for. "There will be more of them to-day than ever. without hesitation. he thrust the reins into his hands. and. though the neighboring heights were in the light. the voices of people singing reached the hill from the dark opening. Chilo slipped from his mule. the Apostle Peter. Hold the mules for us. I swear to thee. thou wilt receive my blessing and forgiveness of sins. and entered a kind of passage completely dark. on some. and the lanterns vanished in it one after the other.nearer his house to see if the fire had seized that part of the city also. turned to the left toward the hill. that we shall find them at prayer in the excavation. in company with Vinicius. or Linus." Then. torches were burning. lead on!" said the tribune. "They are there.

I hear Thee. raising his eyes. as though waiting for words of consolation and hope. O Christ!" Then he was silent. and above the assembly.name of Jesus. Meanwhile the hymn ceased. belief in the early second coming of Christ and in the end of the world was universal among them. for the hour has come! Behold the Lord has sent down destroying flames on Babylon. stern. It was apparent that they expected something uncommon at any moment. But most Christians took those sounds as a visible sign that the dreadful hour was approaching. on the city of profligacy and crime. O Christ! Stars are falling to the earth in showers. the dead rise from their graves. woe to sinners! there will be no mercy for them. I see Thee. But there were faces which seemed rapt into heaven. That moment a dull roar was heard in the cave. he began in hurried. Many voices repeated. in a niche formed by the removal of an immense stone. be pitiful!" Some confessed their sins aloud. He will not come as the Lamb. and soon you will sec Him. the sun is darkened. some were beating their breasts. who in His justice will hurl sinners and unbelievers into the pit. and. The Lord has promised to come. twice. Others cried. faces with smiles not of earth. Some person in a dark corner 337 . but Thou art moving amid the sound of trumpets and legions of angels. a tenth time. The hour of judgment has struck. it is coming!" Some covered their faces with their hands. the acquaintance of Vinicius. appeared Crispus. but as an awful judge. these showed no fear. Woe to the world. almost shouting tones. I see Thee. and fanatical. All eyes were turned to him. pale. the hour of wrath and dissolution. who offered His blood for your sins. the earth opens in yawning gulfs. seemed to gaze into something distant and dreadful. In some places were heard voices. "Christ have mercy on us!" "Redeemer. in the burning city whole streets of partly consumed houses began to fall with a crash. "The day of judgment! Behold. amid thunders and lightnings. with a face as it were half delirious. others cast themselves into the arms of friends. that beasts of hell would rush out through its openings and hurl themselves on sinners. so as to have some near heart with them in the hour of dismay. now the destruction of the city had strengthened it. After he had blessed the assembly. — "Bewail your sins. Terror seized the assembly. those were of people who in religious excitement had begun to cry out unknown words in strange languages. believing that the earth would be shaken to its foundation. — once.

Peace be with you!" After the terrible and merciless words of Crispus. the love of God took possession of their spirits. as if seeking protection under his wings. but a mild and patient Lamb. Instead of fear of God. "We are thy sheep. seized the edge of Peter's mantle. And then was heard the distant thunder of parts of the city falling into ruins. those who were nearer gathered at his knees. At that moment a certain calm voice spoke above that prostrate multitude. filled their hearts. Jesus. and ye whose sins are redeemed by the blood of the Lamb will die with His name on your lips. who had entered the cave a mo ment earlier. "Wake thou that sleepest!" Above all rose the shout of Crispus. A feeling of solace possessed the whole assembly. — 338 . as if all were holding the breath in their breasts. inclining. said.cried. seeing which Vinicius approached. and waiting for what would come. and comfort. stretching their arms in cross form to ward away evil spirits by that figure. At the sound of his voice terror passed at once. All fell to the earth. after which were heard again groans and cries. "Jesus. Silence followed. — "Renounce earthly riches. for soon there will be no earth beneath your feet! Renounce earthly loves. and child!" Suddenly a roar louder than any which had preceded shook the quarry. Jesus!" and in places the weeping of children. People rose from the earth. and. Those people found the Christ whom they had learned to love from the Apostle's narratives. however. Voices from various sides began to cry. wife. in which was heard only panting breath. hence not a merciless judge. He stretched his hands over them and said. those of Peter fell like a balm on all present. "Desert us not in the day of disaster!" And they knelt at his knees. feed us!" Those nearer said. Woe to the one who loves the creature more than the Creator! Woe to the rich! woe to the luxurious! woe to the dissolute! woe to husband. — "Why are ye troubled in heart? Who of you can tell what will happen before the hour cometh? The Lord has punished Babylon with fire. "Watch ye! watch ye!" At moments. silence came. but His mercy will be on those whom baptism has purified. whispers full of terror. whose mercy surpasses man's wickedness a hundredfold. as it passes from a flock in which the shepherd has appeared. with thankfulness to the Apostle. for the Lord will condemn those who love wife or child more than Him. — "Peace be with you!" That was the voice of Peter the Apostle.

"Save me." said he." 339 . but I believe that thou canst restore her." Peter placed his hand on the tribune's head. I have sought her in the smoke of the burning and in the throng of people. lord. "and come with me. "Have trust. nowhere could I find her.

That was. for the immense stores of provisions in the city had burned with it. the pretorians. as much baked bread as possible was brought at his command. to save that which was burning was not to be thought of. The Circus Maximus had fallen in ruins. Only after the arrival of Tigellinus were proper orders sent to Ostia. the Augustians. Still the authorities provided for rescue. but meanwhile the people had grown more threatening. in which Tigellinus lodged for the moment. hundreds of thousands of people were wandering in utter want outside the walls. houses on the Esquiline were torn down so that the fire. the Esquiline. After every fall pillars of flame rose for a time to the very sky. undertaken solely to save a remnant of the city. Incalculable wealth had perished in Rome. reaching empty spaces.Chapter 46 The city burned on. "Bread and a roof!" Vainly did pretorians. brands. armed resistance. said to himself that those were fires in hostile camps. excitement rose every moment. There was need also to guard against further results of the ruin. "Kill us in view of that fire!" They abused Caesar. In the universal disorder and in the destruction of authority no one had thought of furnishing new supplies. however. bearing toward the Celian. brought from the great camp between the Via Salaria and the Nomentana. and shouted. so that Tigellinus. who from morning till late at night cried. and the Viminal rivers of flame. The wind had changed. strive to maintain order of some kind. Hunger had begun to pinch this throng the second day. but from all towns and neighboring 340 . was surrounded by crowds of women. who had hastened from Antium the third day before. In places weaponless crowds pointed to the burning city. Entire streets and alleys in parts which began to burn first were falling in turn. At command of Tigellinus. Here and there they were met by open. died of itself. and blew now with mighty force from the sea. The house at Aqua Appia. all the property of its citizens had vanished. looking at night on the thousands of fires around the city. Besides flour. and cinders. not only from Ostia.

seized all supplies in the twinkle of an eye. and trampled many of them into the earth. Africans. to turn against authority and the city. freedmen. In the centre a giant city on heights was turned into a roaring volcano. The marbles. and Asiatics. but at night. The uproar continued till soldiers seized the building and dispersed the crowd with arrows and missiles. it is true. disorderly. shaggy men from the North with blue eyes. a monstrous swarm of men. People told of immense supplies of wheat and clothing to be brought to the Emporium and distributed gratis. During daylight an awful and ominous spectacle met the eye. bales. and caused terrible disturbance. In the days of Brennus. too. but now crowds of a many-tongued populace roamed nomad-like around the walls of burning Rome. that provinces in Asia and Africa would be 341 . tents. round about as far as the Alban Hills was one boundless camp. on the contrary it presented a hell. mechanics. — people composed for the greater part of slaves and freedmen. and soldiers. among citizens were slaves. fires. gladiators. It was impossible to breathe air inflamed both by fire and the sun. shouts. stands. when the wind swept the flames aside for a moment. When the first instalment came at night to the Emporium. These reports were favorable and unfavorable. and ready. — a real sea of people. and children. Various reports moved this sea as wind does a real one. flowing around the island of fire. the people broke the chief gate toward the Aventine. rows of columns in the lofty sanctuary of Jove were visible. merchants. red as glowing coals. In the light of the conflagration they fought for loaves. were not blazing. Never since the invasion by the Gauls under Brennus had Rome beheld such disaster. formed of sheds. huts. which terrified every heart. Mingled with Quiites were Greeks. It was said. Flour from torn bags whitened like snow the whole space from the granary to the arches of Drusus and Germanicus. People in despair compared the two conflagrations. lighted by sunrays reddened by passing through smoke. But in the time of Brennus the Capitol remained. attached to the city and its altars. threats. all covered with smoke and dust. women. disarmed the crowd in a certain measure. moreover. But the very immensity of the fire. packs. After the fire might come famine and disease. Now the Capitol was encircled by a dreadful wreath of flame. excited. Rome had a disciplined integral people. Night brought no relief. and to complete the misfortune the terrible heat of July had appeared. vehicles. under the pressure of want.villages. servants. hatred and terror. — everything filled with roars.

who was on the road. continued to tear down houses on the Esquiine and the Culian. priceless works of art. assembling all the pretorian forces. But in the city itself were destroyed incalculable treasures accumulated through centuries of conquest. The belief of Christians that the end of the world by fire was at hand. destroy the inhabitants to the last person. hands were stretched toward those gods then to implore pity or send them curses. and approached the Palatine a second time. summoning to his tent 342 . But Nero. but turned from it at once with a change of wind toward the Via Lata and the Tiber. Tigellinus. But Nero moved only when fire had seized the "domus transitoria. wished to come at night. Some spread reports that the soldiers were tearing down houses not to stop the fire. that Nero intended to annihilate the city. anger. terror. despatched courier after courier to Caesar with an announcement that he would lose nothing of the grandeur of the spectacle. and rule the world from a new place. and each found belief among the rabble. gods were seen gazing down on the ruin. They foresaw that of all Rome there would remain barely a few parts on the edges. and that hundreds of thousands of people would be without a roof. and Rome's glory. Each report ran with lightning speed. or rage. Meanwhile soldiers. so as to sate himself all the better with a view of the perishing capital. then move to Greece or to Egypt. spread along the Forum Boarium. Therefore he halted. the most precious monuments of Rome's past. as also in the Trans-Tiber. and the treasures thus gained be given to the inhabitants of Rome. these divisions were saved therefore in considerable part. but to prevent any part of the city from being saved. spread even among adherents of the gods. Finally a kind of fever mastered those nomadic thousands. and. It surrounded the Capitol." and he hurried so as not to miss the moment in which the conflagration should bc at its highest. In clouds lighted by the burning. imploring Caesar in each letter to come and calm the despairing people with his presence. splendid temples. destroyed everything which it had spared before. Meanwhile fire had reached the Via Nomentana. aided by a certain number of inhabitants. and extended daily. Tigellinus sent courier after courier to Antium. for the fire had increased. so that each man might build his own dwelling. People fell into torpor or madness. But it was noised about also that water in the aqueducts had been poisoned. in the neighborhood of Aqua Albana.stripped of their wealth at Caesar's command. causing outbursts of hope.

Starting at last about nightfall. and other musical instruments. and held the excited populace at a proper distance. clothing. Nero. but dared not attack it. knights. waiting to learn if he would say some great words. reared by Evander. and applause were drowned in the blare of horns and trumpets. in a purple mantle. he took counsel of Petronius also whether to the lines describing the catastrophe he might add a few magnificent blasphemies against the gods. decided with his aid on posture. gazing at the raging might of the flames. and money. drop it by his side and raise only the other. which seemed more enduring than Ida. The people pointed at him from afar as he stood in the bloody gleam. disputing with the actor stubbornly whether at the words "O sacred city. they would not have rushed spontaneously from the mouth of a man in such a position. halted. The people cursed. and expression. and said. he ascended the Appian aqueduct on steps prepared purposely. filled with the conflagration. lutes. the temple of Jupiter Stator was burning. considered from the standpoint of art. At length he approached the walls about midnight with his numerous court. olives. which. In many places. and hissed on seeing the retinue. however. 343 . slaves. which Tigellinus had caused to be sounded. look. holding in one the forminga. This question seemed to him then more important than all others. Sixteen thousand pretorians. senators. owning nothing. women. composed of whole detachments of nobles. The ancient and most sacred edifices were in flames: the temple of Hercules. which for their own safety they ought to remember. a man who was losing his birthplace. and whether. And all held the breath in their breasts. the temple of Luna. "Houseless ruler of a houseless people. on arriving at the Ostian Gate. hissing. learned fitting gestures. bearing citharaee. In the distance fiery serpents were hissing. had lost nothing in the fire. silent. and a wreath of golden laurels. But he stood solemn.the tragedian Aliturus. or. he raised his eyes to the sky. After him followed the Augustians and a choir of singers. Finally. arranged in line of battle along the road. guarded the peace and safety of his entrance. and children. When Terpnos gave him a golden lute." he was to raise both hands. where shall I lay my unfortunate head for the night?" After he had passed the Clivus Delphini. was burning. freedmen. shouts. and which hoped for a more bountiful distribution than usual of wheat. shouted. as if he were waiting for inspiration. applause was given by the rabble.

But senators. the chorus of singers repeated the last verse. Down below. striking the strings. thousands of years will go by. What more could he desire? There was world-ruling Rome in flames. magnificent. standing on the arches of the aqueduct with a golden lute. and Augustians. but of his posture and the prophetic words with which he might describe best the greatness of the catastrophe. then Nero cast the tragic "syrma" 8 from his shoulder with a gesture learned from Aliturus. through waving flames the Capitol appeared at intervals. "O nest of my fathers. somewhere in the darkness. admired. with the roar of the conflagration. and his motive was ever sadder. but mankind will remember and glorify the poet. and he. the sanctuary of Vesta with the penates of the Roman people. but he was delighted and moved with the pathos of his own words to such a degree that his eyes filled with tears on a sudden. struck the lute. At last he dropped the lute to his feet with a clatter. But he. and. What was Homer compared with him? What Apollo himself with his hollowed-out lute? Here he raised his hands and. wrapping 8. conspicuous. dignitaries. uncertain. and the distant murmur of crowding thousands. He was not moved. it is true. the past and the spirit of Rome was burning. the people are muttering and storming. beloved only his own songs and verses.A robe with train.built by Servius Tullius. But let them mutter! Ages will pass. the declaimer felt inspired. seeking grandiose comparisons in the spectacle unfolded before him. purple. The verse-maker was happy. and receive the warmest plaudits. by the destruction of his country's capital. seemed marvellously weak. rouse most admiration. the seeker for emotions was delighted at the awful sight. who in that night sang the fall and the burning of Troy. bowed their heads and listened in silent rapture. Caesar. poetic. and thought with rapture that even the destruction of Troy was as nothing if compared with the destruction of that giant city. and sang on. He detested that city. he detested its inhabitants. the house of Numa Pompiius. When at last he had finished the lines composed. and the sound of the accompaniment like the buzzing of insects. He sang long. His face began to change. O dear cradle!" His voice in the open air. he improvised. not thinking of his perishing country. was there with a lute in his hand and a theatrical expression on his face. worn especially by tragic actors. when he stopped to catch breath. assembled on the aqueduct. pronounced the words of Priam. and low. At moments. hence he rejoiced in heart that at last he saw a tragedy like that which he was writing. 344 .

"O gods. to the people. yes. were upraised hands. and spare no promises." said Nero. divinity. but with a certain confidence which his calmness had given them. and make them promises. — "Can I count on the loyalty of the soldiers?" "Yes. "what a night!" On one side a fire. After a while some of the pretorian leaders came. Petronius. O lord. All around. Remain meanwhile where thou art. "Go. and Senecio. calmly." "Shall Caesar speak to the rabble? Let another do that in my name. resigned smile of a man who is suffering from injustice. turned to the Augustians with the sad. "I have done what I could. Who will undertake it?" "I!" answered Petronius. also Piso." "Scoundrels!" answered Vatinius. to fall on them. visible in the light of the burning. tent-poles. howling multitude. seeing around him alarmed looks and pale faces. "See. — "On their loyalty." answered the prefect. thou art most faithful to me in every necessity. Go." Then he descended the aqueduct slowly. he pushed his horse into the throng. sticks from the wagons." Nero turned to Tigellinus. halting at the foot of the arches. Nerva. The people were arming with stones. Those whom he had summoned followed. like one of those statues of Niobe which ornamented the courtyard of the Palatine. but not on their numbers. but. when he heard that cry from hundreds of thousands. mounting. and various pieces of iron. on the other a raging sea of people. and. pressed by the multitude. follow me. as was Licinus the consul. gave command to bring him a white horse. being without orders to attack. having only a slender ivory cane which he carried habitually. But Petronius shrugged his shoulders. rode on. for here it is safest." Seneca was of this opinion also. Speak. "Give me my dark mantle with a hood!" cried he. and said. he was unarmed." said Tigellinus. but danger is threatening. Nero. not without hesitation. Soon a storm of applause broke the silence. planks. he was frightened. my friend. Meanwhile the excitement below was increasing. in an uncertain voice. armed with 345 . — "Senators here present. they knew not what to do. When he had ridden up. so as to afford himself a spectacle and sing a song at it. but there is need to pacify the people. kept the line of battle with extreme difficulty. "how the Quirites value poetry and me. declaring that the cohorts. sarcastic expression.himself in the "syrma. "must it come really to battle?" "Lord. No one doubted then that Caesar had given command to burn the city. "Command the pretorians. to the black. lord. and. But in the distance this was answered by the howling of multitudes. at the head of the cavalcade. with the others." said he." stood as if petrified. between the deep ranks of pretorians." Petronius turned to the retinue with a careless. And he fell to seeking expressions the most splendid to describe the danger of the moment.

raised it in the air. such as the world has not seen yet. but he rode farther. and even swords were brandished above Petronius. inflamed eyes. so that every man may be full to the throat. not like beasts in the arena. and olives. Maaecenas. After a while there was silence. cool. in that moment was added curiosity as to what Caesar's envoy would say. in sign that he wished to speak. during these games banquets and gifts will be given you." A murmur answered him which spread from the centre in every direction. bellowing and foaming lips. roaring. He passed for a humane and magnanimous man. the faces about became less terrible. The outbursts increased and became an unearthly roar. especially since the affair of Pedanius Secundus. "Silence! Silence!" cried the people on all sides. Ye will be richer after the fire than before it. And as that name was repeated. amazed the raging rabble. forks. as a wave rises on water in which a stone has been cast." "We will. and numerous voices began to shout. that calmness. He removed his white toga. Afterward were heard here and there shouts of anger or applause. for no one doubted that Caesar had sent him. round about was a sea of heads. and his popularity had increased. Then he straightened himself on the horse and said in a clear. and Agrippina will be opened to you. bordered with scarlet. They recognized him at length. Caesar. poles. Those nearer repeated his words to those more distant. dreadful. A mad sea of people surrounded him and his attendants. Then Caesar will have games for you. The gardens of Lucullus. wine. indifferent. resembling in his white 346 . though he had never striven for the favor of the populace. when he spoke in favor of mitigating the cruel sentence condemning all the slaves of that prefect to death. which turned at length into one universal call of "Panem et circenses!!!" Petronius wrapped himself in his toga and listened for a time without moving. the uproar less savage: for that exquisite patrician.every manner of weapon. and waved it above his head. all of you. sweating faces. moving. grasping hands were stretched toward his horse's reins and toward him. let those who hear me repeat my words to those who are more distant. and that confidence of his. and bear yourselves. contemptuous. The a slaves more especially loved him thenceforward with that unbounded love which the oppressed or unfortunate are accustomed to give those who show them even small sympathy. At moments he struck the most insolent heads with his cane. To-morrow will begin the distribution of wheat. firm voice. — "Petronius! Arbiter Elegantiarum! Petronius! Petronius!" was heard on all sides. we will!" "Then listen. — "Citizens. was still their favorite. Besides. The city will be rebuilt. as if clearing a road for himself in an ordinary crowd. like men.

— "I promised you panem et cireenses. and are howling in thy honor. I will sing publicly." 347 . — "By Pollux! they are sweating! and such a stench! Will some one give me an epilimma? — for I am faint. "I promised them. and that song. "But let us look at it again. inquired. Petronius." He turned his horse then. and answered. and now give a shout in honor of Caesar. was answered from every side and from ever-increasing distances. "wheat. Thou mayst have to use it to-morrow. "and hadst thou not quieted them. Finally. and games. where they had not understood the shout "Panem et circenses. "and bid farewell to ancient Rome." Petronius looked at him. so Nero." Then he turned to Caesar. that thou didst not let me use force. the opening of the gardens." said he. — "The chance is not lost. I will have games. and distribute wheat." Then he placed his hands on the arbiter's shoulder. shrugged his shoulders. breathed deeply. commanding silence anew." cried Tigellinus. and added. when he saw him.— "Well. he cried. the shouters would have been silenced forever. Thanks to thee. and the spectacle was worthy of thee. Soon he was under the aqueduct. which I sang to-day. The uproar in-creased. who feeds and clothes you. for he waited. dear populace." and supposed it to be a new outburst of rage. and with face pale from emotion. olives. ran to the steps. Gods." said Petronius. It is a pity. what a foul odor those plebeians have!" "I had pretorians ready. what are they doing? Is there a battle?" Petronius drew air into his lungs.garment a marble statue." "No. and. tapping lightly with his cane the heads and faces of those who stood in his way." said he. was silent a moment. They worship thee anew. They had not even expected that Petronius would save himself. Caesar. and starting up at last inquired. drowned the roar of the fire. — "Tell me sincerely. He found almost a panic above. turning to the fire. how did I seem to thee while I was singing?" "Thou wert worthy of the spectacle. But evidently the envoy had something to add. then go to sleep. for the dawn will begin before long. no!" cried Caesar. "I will give command to open the gardens to them. he rode slowly to the pretorian ranks.

The hut of the quarryman is near. to their temporary dwellings. who predestined her to thee. The road from Antium. in it we shall find Linus. they dispersed. that first they would see the end of Nero's reign. set there in a number of places. and that soon he would see her. with the change of wind. had. and the punishment of God for Caesar's crimes. and placed his hand against the cliff. who followed him. The end of the world seemed ever near to them.Chapter 47 THE Apostle's words put confidence in the souls of the Christians. So great a weakness possessed him on a sudden that he dropped to the Apostle's feet. but they began to think that the day of judgment would not come immediately. and Lygia. from which the burning city was in view. with Vinicius and Chilo. — "Fear not. some knelt in the dark. and. and even to the Trans-Tiber. after devouring what it could here and there. others. The young tribune did not venture to interrupt his prayers. embracing his knees. the search for Lygia amidst burning houses. and. did the Apostle bless them three times. which they looked on as the reign of Satan. and his terrible alarm had exhausted him. for news had come that the fire. has preserved her. turning to Vinicius. going alongside. Many approached to kiss Peter's hands. long passage. the events at the wall. sleeplessness. hence he walked on in silence. holding up tapers. and the news that the dearest person in the world was near by. Christ. with her faithful servant. and the hem of his mantle. and say. without power to say a word. Thus it was in the narrow passage. had ceased to extend. merely imploring pity with his eyes. sang: so there was no chance for question or answer. Strengthened in heart. took the remnant of his strength from him." Vinicius tottered. mothers held out their children to him. 348 . which were crying for vengeance. and trembling from alarm. after the prayer. Only when they came out to broader spaces. remained thus. turned back toward the river. left the excavation also. and. begged a blessing. The Apostle.

which was pale from emotion. hence. but now. "Let us go. Fax vobiscurn. but the whole world." Then both turned to the right toward the hills." said Peter to the young man. I will not remind thee even of this." "Yes. In view of such an awful fire." And he looked toward the sky." "And He will bless thee and thy house. I understand and feel that. so that I may do it in addition. that thou hast promised me a vineyard." "Pardon me. what shall I do with the mules that are waiting? Perhaps this worthy prophet prefers riding to walking. By the light of the burning. so that I may call myself a real confessor of Christ. "for only with love mayst thou serve Him." They answered. repeating with exaltation: "For He is one. And what thou commandest I will do. wash me with the water of baptism. who warded off thanks and honor. I shall find thee. tears were visible on his face. Fax vobiscum. if I mention the house in Ameriola. not to me. as if in prayer. for He alone is kind and merciful. — "Take the mules to Macrinus. "And peace with thee. I have always been sure." "O grandson of Numa Pompilius. When a child I believed in the Roman gods."Not to me. lord. "What a good God!" said the voice of Chilo from behind. it is easy to forget a thing so paltry. 349 ." "Thou wilt get it. Vinicius rose." concluded the Apostle. but hearing from Peter that the quarryman's hut was near by." Vinicius did not know himself what to answer. he said. But Chilo repeated again: "Lord. when this magnaninious prophet also has heard the promise. His lips moved. for I love Him with all the power of my soul. Along the road Vinicius said." said the Apostle. But I so love Him the One God that I would give my life for Him gladly." answered the Apostle. though I did not love them. lord." said he. but tell me." "Love men as thy own brothers. for I am ready in heart. Wash me quickly. but to Christ. let not only this city perish.— "Lord. "but what shall I do with the mules that are waiting down here?" "Rise and come with me. Him alone will I confess and recognize.

and raised it to his lips. which served for a window." answered Peter. withdrawing his arms. and. recognizing Vinicius. honored her. But Vinicius approached. — "Who are ye?" "Servants of Christ. and was faced outside with a wall made of reeds. at the end of which a faint light was visible. "But now. The door was closed. — "There is the hut of the quarryman who gave us a refuge when.Meanwhile they turned into another ravine. how much he had endured before the Apostle had shown him her retreat. Without a word." Ursus bent to the Apostle's feet. for the joy which thou wilt bring to Callina. he took her temples between his hands. pronouncing her name. we could not go to the TransTiber. seized his hand by the wrist. "Peace be with thee. The hut was rather a cave rounded Out in an indentation of the hill. She sprang up quickly then. "And thou. pressed her to his bosom for some time with such ecstasy as if she had been saved by a miracle. bent to her knees. and thuiiking that it was Ursus who had entered. lighted by a fire. a flash of astonishment and delight shot across her face. repeated her name. did her homage. kissed her forehead and her eyes. then. His delight had no bounds. she threw herself into his open arms. God alone knows what miseries may fall yet on Rome. like a child who after days of fear and sorrow had found father or mother. but through an opening. Occupied in removing the fish from the string. Linus was lying on a bundle of straw. let 350 . At last he told her how he had rushed in from Antium. she did not raise her eyes. the interior was visible. with an emaciated face and a forehead as yellow as ivory Near the fire sat Lygia with a string of small fish." After a while they arrived. to her palms. had searched for her at the walls. lord. intended evidently for supper. on the way from Ostrianum with the sick Linus. slaves are revolting and plundering. Then. People are slaying one another under the walls. Some dark giant figure rose up to meet them. I will not leave thee near fire and raging crowds. Oh. greeted her. and inquired. my dear. "Blessed be the name of the Lamb. Peter pointed to it and said. in the smoke at the house of Linus. stretched his hand to her. how he had suffered and was terrified. embraced her again." said he." He opened the door rhaen. He embraced her. neither had his love and happiness. and entered. But I will save thee and all of you." said he. "that I have found thee. Ursus.

and when it is over return to sow your grain anew.us go to Antium. But. and let all believe me. in doubt lest he might take them ill of her. lived in fear and uncertainty." Then confused that she had spoken words which by Roman custom were repeated only at marriage. in sign of obedience. my houses are thy houses. my lands are your lands. and then because of the fire and disturbance caused by the disaster. My land is thy land. and. and command a slaughter? Who knows what proscriptions may come. If Vinicius had wished to take only Lygia. my houses your houses." Outside. Who knows that he may not bring in troops. and continued. The Christians formerly. 351 . and take thee from her hands afterward. and let us hide Lygia. civil war." At this Lygia inclined to kiss his hand. But in his face boundless homage alone was depicted. but Vinicius said to them. she would have resisted the temptation surely. even in this hut of a quarryman. There ye can wait till the storm passes. we will take a ship there and sail to Sicily." "Do ye hear?" said Vinicius. Caia. because of Jewish persecutions. have no further fear of me." Lygia heard these words with radiant face. and begged him to baptize me. from the direction of the Vatican Field. think what may happen yet. therefore. he cried. "Come with me. as if to confirm his fears. O carissima. Christ has not washed me yet. Believe. and stood in the light of the fire. but ask Peter if on the way hither I have not told him my wish to be a real confessor of Christ. as she did not wish to leave Peter and Linus. At that moment the quarryman entered. In Antium he complained that he had never seen a great fire. she blushed deeply. the master of the hut. and open a new epoch of happiness in their lives. Caius. distant cries were heard full of rage and terror. and said. who knows whether after the fire. He turned then to Peter. and famine may not come? Hide yourselves. murder. — "People are killing one another near the Circus of Nero. shutting the door hastily. I will give thee back to Pomponia. — "Where thou art. And if he has not hesitated at such a crime. Listen to me! In Sicily we shall find Aulus. there am I. with drooping head. A journey to quiet Sicily would put an end to all danger. Slaves and gladiators have attacked the citizens. — "Rome is burning at command of Caesar.

But since I love Christ. and let Linus. — "O vicegerent of the Lord. Peter took an earthen vessel with water. that they heard some 352 ." Then he turned. as if struggling with himself or fighting with his thoughts. 'Feed my lambs'?" Vinicius was silent. They thought that some light from beyond this world had filled the hut. pointing to Lygia. said. and enthusiasm possessed him. in a voice in which the energy of a Roman soldier was quivering. Lygia! I spoke as my human reason dictated. Amen. he cried: "Do I understand Thee. why should I not follow thy example?" Vinicius began to pass his hand over his head. not your own danger. I baptize thee in the name of the Father. I did not understand this. but the commands of the Redeemer. then. He did not desert us. and the former nature is heard in me. True. who is sick. and."The measure is full. my teacher." "The Lord bless thee for thy wish. why should I. and swear that I will accomplish the command of love. — "Hear me. which regards. who had come to love the Apostle with all the power of his impetuous soul." said the Apostle. though it is a question for me of something more than my own life. said with solemnity. and we were terrified in heart. his body trembled with faith and love." Then he knelt. and Ursus go with you. Linus. and will not leave my brethren in the day of trouble. I kneel here before thee. a servant. that I will not leave thee here to destruction. — "Behold. to whom no one has confided care over me. and. and thou. and wish to be His servant. "If thou. not follow my Master's example?" Then Linus raised his emaciated face and inquired. O Christ? Am I worthy of Thee?" His hands trembled. raising his hands and eyes. "and disasters will come. how canst thou wish me to leave my flock in the day of disaster? When there was a storm on the lake. Peter. and I erred. like a boundless sea. his eyes glistened with tears. for the beam is not taken from my eyes yet. bringing it near him." answered Peter. "Take the maiden. whom God has predestined to thee." But Vinicius. and save her. seizing Lygia by the hand." Then a religious ecstasy seized all present. and Holy Ghost. sayest that thou wilt not leave me to destruction. "but hast thou not heard that Christ rcpcatcd thricc on the lake to me. Son. but ye have another reason. exclaimed: "I swear. he said.

and the roar of flames in the burning city. and far up there they saw a cross. and pierced hands blessing them. that the cliffs had opened above their heads. Meanwhile the shouts of fighting were heard outside.superhuman music. that choirs of angels were floating down from heaven. 353 .

and were perishing of hunger in ordinary times. ostriches. Every night there were battles and murders. Wretches who before the fire had been hiding in alleys of the Subura. murder. which no one collected. and MRcenas. by the pressure of events. and barges from one bank of the Tiber to the other. and abuses. in the gardens of Pompey. and there was a lack of armed force to quell insolence in a city inhabited by the dregs of contemporary mankind. tennis-courts. and the more timorous foresaw a great pestilence. boats. as on a bridge. these decayed quickly because of heat heightened by fire. formerly gardens of Domitius and Agrippina. olives. had a more pleasant life now. and was given gratis to the indigent. Wheat was sold at the unheard-of low price of three sestertia. and buildings erected for wild beasts. when. Sickness broke out on the camping-grounds. which had served as ornaments to those gardens. the authorities were in abeyance. but it was more difficult to suppress robbery. gazelles. and filled the air with foul odors. splendid summer-houses. flamingoes.Chapter 48 CAMPS of people were disposed in the lordly gardens of Caesar. and chestnuts were brought to the city. Every morning the banks of the Tiber were covered with drowned bodies. went under the knives of the rabble. it come to engagements in which people perished by hundreds. deeds were done which passed human imagination. sheep and cattle were driven in every day from the mountains. 354 . Moreover. Provisions began to come in now from Ostria so abundantly that one might walk. they were disposed also on the Campus Martius. over ships. and deer. The danger of famine was averted completely. Peacocks. and were unsparing of plaudits wherever he appeared. where there was a halting-place for herds driven in from the Campania. A nomadic life insured impunity to thieves. the more easily since they proclaimed themselves admirers of Caesar. every night boys and women were snatched away. African antelopes. Immense supplies of wine. Sallust. swans. At the Porta Mugionis. in porticos.

who laughed even when slapped on the face. tongues which rose from piles of cinders. in whom was hidden yet some spark of love for the city and their birthplace. the distribution of bread. gray. when the fire reached empty spaces on the Esquiline. criminals. But the glowing ruins began to grow black on the surface. When at last the piles of cinders had been turned into ashes. But the piles of burning cinders gave such strong light yet that people would not believe that the end of the catastrophe had come. and homeless ruffians. an immense space was visible from the Tiber to the Esquiline. fell here and there. Others. Only on the sixth day. Of the fourteen divisions of Rome there remained only four. like columns over graves in a cemetery. including the Trans-Tiber. Tigellinus thought of summoning certain legions from Asia Minor. A flood of hatred rose and swelled every day. for any morning might bring them destruction. he might lack support. lost his humor. and rob enough. In this space stood rows of chimneys. however. did it weaken. The catastrophe had been too great and unparalleled. In the night dogs howled above the ashes and ruins of former dwellings. where an enormous number of houses had been demolished purposely. Vatinius.But the city burned on unceasingly. others f or the bones of those dear to them. Only the herd of robbers. In fact the fire burst forth with fresh force on the seventh night in the buildings of Tigellinus. Nero. were contented. were brought to despair by news that the old name "Roma" was to vanish. drink. 355 . and threw up towers of flame and pillars of sparks. despite the flatteries of the Augustians and the calumnies of Tigellinus. more sensitive than any former Caesar to the favor of the populace. Flames had consumed all the others. Burnt houses. After sunset the heavens ceased to gleam with bloody light. dead. gloomy. but had short duration for lack of fuel. Among these columns gloomy crowds of people moved about in the daytime. and that from the ashes of the capital Caesar would erect a new city called Neropolis. and only after dark did blue tongues quiver above the extended black waste. or the promise of games and gifts. The Augustians themselves were not less alarmed. All the bounty and aid shown by Caesar to the populace did not restrain evil speech and indignation. People who had lost all their property and their nearest relatives were not won over by the opening of gardens. Vitelius lost his appetite. who could eat. thought with alarm that in the sullen and mortal struggle which be was waging with patricians in the Senate. some seeking for precious objects.

and even with Seneca. but above all he complained. — "It is easy to go. when in Rome were sadness and danger? Caesar accepted the counsel with eagerness. except. and fell now into terror. for it was no secret that were an outburst to carry off Caesar. "we may return at the head of Asiatic legions." "By Heracles!" replied Petronius. but Seneca when he had thought awhile. Poppaea. were more frequently foolish. thence to Egypt and Asia Minor. go to Greece. for it had been admitted for years that she held the faith of Jehovah. "Hear me. frequently terrible. which had survived the fire. But Tigelilinus opposed. who knows but one of the surviving collateral descendants of the divine Augustus will declare himself Caesar. and what shall we do if the legions take his side?" 356 . took the opinion of her confidants and of Hebrew priests. Petronius.Others were taking counsel among themselves how to avert the danger. The journey had been planned long before. now into childish delight. Petronius thought it best to leave troubles. and if the arbiter's idea had come to his own head he would beyond doubt have declared it the saving one. To their influence were ascribed the madnesses of Nero. or no one would believe that they had not caused the catastrophe. "this advice is destructive! Before thou art at Ostia a civil war will break out. said. Hatred for them almost surpassed that for Nero. On a time a long and fruitless consultation was held in the house of Tiberius." said he. who understood that the ruin of Nero would be her own sentence." "This will I do!" exclaimed Nero. perhaps. not one of the Augustians would escape. but it would be more difficult to return. Tigellinus took counsel on this subject with Domitius Afer. but with him the question was that Petronius might not be a second time the only man who in difficult moments could rescue all and every one. though he hated him. why defer it. He could discover nothing himself. to their suggestions all the crimes which he committed. divinity. which. Nero found his own methods. But to free themselves they must clear Caesar also from suspicion. Hence some began to make efforts to rid themselves of responsibility for the burning of the city.

There are not many now. but began to laugh. and devote him to the anger of the people?" "O divinity! Who am I?" exclaimed Vatmius. Silence followed. "My fat. what more do they want?" "Vengeance!" replied Tigellinus. "I burnt Rome at thy command!" said he. "might start the fire again. Never could Lucan have composed the like. "True! One more important than thou is demanded. "But if we spread the report that Vatinius gave command to burn the city. They understood that Caesar had ceased to jest this time." Nero bit his lips." said he after a while. Have ye noticed that I found it in a twinkle?" "O incomparable!" exclaimed a number of voices. vengeance wants a victim." Then." "It is possible to do so. and they have coal on which to bake cakes. like the lips of a dog about to bite." answered Nero. but is it a question of them alone? No longer ago than yesterday my people heard in the crowd that a man like Thrasea should be Caesar. The face of Tigellinus was wrinkled. he said. and he found him." Then he cast a glance on those around him. "that there be no descendants of Augustus. and that a moment had come which was pregnant with events."We shall try. — "Hearts call for vengeance. — "Yes. 357 . Is it Vitehius?" Vitelius grew pale. in his soul he was looking for' a victim who might really satisfy the people's anger. "it was thou who didst burn Rome!" A shiver ran through those present. Caesar rose on a sudden. forgetting everything. hence it is easy to rid ourselves of them. extended his hand." But Nero had something else on his mind. and began to declaim. and said. After a while he raised his eyes and said: "Insatiable and thankless. and vengeance wants a victim. Nero wrote down the line." answered he. They have grain enough. with radiant face: "Give me the tablet and stilus to write this line. "Tigellinus.

and his face became pallid. he had shown his teeth. seeing that those present expected some answer. — "I advise the journey to Achaea. or hold to his breast the divine body of Eunice. I will deliver Tigellinus to the people. "What wilt thou say? Speak. "why present the sweet cup which I may not raise to my lips? The people are muttering and rising. Nero sat in silence for a moment. he had made them understand who he was. then. look at vases and statues." said Nero. entered. noticing this motion." "O divine Caesar. advise!" exclaimed Nero. To be prefect meant to bear on his shoulder's Caesar's person and also thousands of public affairs. for thou hast more sense than all of them. he was confident that that ruler of the world would never dare to raise a hand against him.And the two glared at each other like a pair of devils. And why should he perform that labor? Was it not better to read poetry in his splendid library. "Tigellinus. announcing that the divine Augusta wished to see Tigellinus. Nero himself understood this. and his words had the direct meaning of a threat." Petronius shrugged his shoulders. he said." answered Tigellinus. as there were people in her apartments whom the prefect ought to hear. knowing Nero's cowardice. Tigellinus bowed to Caesar. Tigellinus was pretorian prefect. and thou lovest me. — "I have reared a serpent in my bosom." But his innate slothfulness prevailed. Now. and pacify the city in a day. when they had wished to strike him. dost thou wish the pretorians also to rise?" A feeling of terror pressed the hearts of those present. and went out with a face calm and contemptuous. At that moment Epaphroditus." 358 ." "Sacrifice thyself for me. twining her golden hair through his fingers. "dost thou love me?" "Thou knowest. and. and inclining his lips to her coral mouth? Hence he said. Such silence followed that the buzzing of flies was heard as they flew through the atrium. Caesar's freedman. "I trust in thee alone." Petronius had the following on his lips: "Make me pretorian prefect. lord. as if to say that it was not difficult to pluck the head from such a serpent.

replied. for never had triumphator ascended the Capitol with pride such as his when he stood before Caesar. "I should be obeyed in Achaeca. if I sing that song to them which I sang during the conflagration. He began to speak slowly and with emphasis. who will guarantee that it will not revolt and proclaim some one else Caesar? The people have been faithful to me so far. I know it. O Caesar." Then he turned to Petronius with a radiant face. and with her Tigellimis. "the people murmur. "I looked for something more from thee. thousands. O divinity. No one has seen them in a temple at any time. but hundreds. for they despise horse races. as Orpheus moved wild beasts?" To this Tullius Senecio. "Petronius. for I can say: I have found! The people want vengeance. By Hades! if that Senate and that people had one head! —" "Permit me to say. The eyes of those present turned to him unconsciously. The Senate hates me. I know it. — "Listen. and who had been impatient a long time. But at that moment Poppaea appeared. If I depart. with a smile. Here only treason surrounds me. was heard." "Let us go to Hellas!" cried Nero. as it were." remarked Petronius. and cried. they are not in the Stadium. — "True! Amid these cares even I forget who I am. who Christos was. that if thou desire to save Rome. they want not one victim. Hast heard. dost thou not think that I will move them. Never have the hands of a Christian done thee honor with plaudits. All desert me. with disgust. and ye are making ready for treason. if they permit thee to begin." Here he tapped his forehead on a sudden. but now they will follow the Senate. but if I take my lute and go to the Campus Martius. of their predictions that fire would cause the end of the world? People hate and suspect them."Ah!" answered Nero. — he who was crucified by Pontius Pilate? And knowest thou who the Christians are? Have I not told thee of their crimes and foul ceremonies. who was impatient to return to his slave women brought in from Antium. O Caesar. lord. Never has one of them 359 . in tones through which the bite of iron. — "Beyond doubt. for they consider our gods evil spirits." said he. there is need to save even a few Romans. "What care I for Rome and Romans?" complained Nero. Ye do not even imagine what future ages will say of you if ye desert such an artist as I am.

and said. let them have it. Athene. and all ye immortals! why did ye not come to aid us? What has this hapless city done to those cruel wretches that they burnt it so inhumanly?" "They are enemies of mankind and of thee. and of thee. but of whose innocence he was certain. for Petronius understood well that he was beginning a game far more perilous than any in his life. He thought of the danger hanging over Lygia and over Vinicius. which dropped at his feet. But above all he thought: "I must save Vinicius. and over all those people whose religion he rejected. in the tones of a tragedian. "Ye have found victims! That is true.' That is true also. Here. and this consideration outweighed every other. The people want blood and games. "Do justice!" cried others." Nero listened with amazement at first. indignation.recognized thee as god. aided by the powers of Tartarus." said Poppaea. He thought also that one of those bloody orgies would begin which his eyes. I will give my poor people such a spectacle that they will remember me for ages with gratitude. casting off the toga. Perseaehone. whom he loved." The forehead of Petronius was covered with a sudden cloud. He began. but as Tigellinus proceeded. dropped his head to his breast. Apollo. — "O Zeus. what tortures befit such a crime? But the gods will inspire me. who will go mad if that maiden perishes". and. sympathy. The people want vengeance. At last he said. of the city. The people suspect thee. those of an aesthetic man. and was silent a second time. let them have them. But after a while he shook his hands. he raised both hands and stood silent for a time. as if stunned by the wickedness of which he had heard. however. But hear me! Ye have 360 . as his wont was when criticising or ridiculing plans of Caesar and the Augustians that were not sufficiently aesthetic. to speak freely and carelessly. The people murmur against thee. — "What punishments. and. Ye may send them to the arena. Suddenly he rose. could not suffer. and assumed in succession expressions of anger. They are enemies of the human race. "Punish the incendiaries! The gods themselves call for vengeance!" Nero sat down. or array them in 'painful tunics. sorrow. and I did not burn it. let their suspicion turn in another direction. but thou hast given me no command to burn Rome. his actor's face changed.

ye have pretorians. because he was as powerful on earth as Zeus on Olympus. but Petronius was not deceived as to this. O Caesar. at least. He had not hesitated. Poppaea and all present were looking at Nero's eyes as at a rainbow. guard thyself against acts unworthy of thee. what the gods themselves? We need not say that the burning of Rome was good. those ages will utter judgment concerning thee also. and of hazard with which he amused himself. it is true. renounce not such glory. thou hast threatened us with the sentence of coming ages. that future ages may say. what Achilles. but have courage to say to yourselves that it was not they who burnt Rome. at last disgust and trouble were evident on his features. I tell thee. He began to raise his lips. for it was a question at once of Vinicius whom he loved. and cast the blame of it on the innocent!'" The arbiter's words produced the usual deep impression on Nero. Phy! Ye call me 'arbiter elegantiarum'. 'Nero burned Rome. — for this alone threatens thee. condemn them to any torture ye like. burnt Rome. but might still more easily destroy himself. I beseech thee in the name of the double-crowned Libethrides. 361 . in which actors play the parts of gods and kings to amuse the suburban rabble. — Nero the poet loved poetry so much that he sacrificed to it his country! From the beginning of the world no one did the like. no one ventured on thae like. however. "The dice are thrown. when no one is listening! Deceive the people." said he to himself. and when the play is over wash down onions with sour wine. Nero. a god. but think. Meanwhile silence fell after his words. Give the Christians to the populace. Have courage. as was his custom when he knew not what to do.authority. for songs of thee will sound to the end of ages! What will Priam be when compared with thee. for I say that ye can permit yourselves the position! As to thee. besides. but deceive not one another. what Agamenmon. then be sincere. ruler of the world. that the people will raise no hand against thee! It is not true that they will. that what he had said was a desperate means which in a fortunate event might save the Christians. or get blows of clubs! Be gods and kings in reality. but it was colossal and uncommon." And in his soul he had no doubt that fear would outweigh. but as a timid Caesar and a timid poet he denied the great deed out of fear. "and we shall see how far fear for his own life outweighs in the monkey his love of glory. ye have power. hence I declare to you that I cannot endure wretched comedies! Phy! how all this reminds me of the theatrical booths near the Porta Asinaria. drawing them to his very nostrils. By the divine Clio! Nero.

" "Is it because I will not listen to thy insults?" "It is because thou art feigning boundless love for Caesar." said he. "but know that I speak that which love for thee dictates. 362 . a cowardly Caesar." cried Tigellinus. with a smile on his lips. and. for people began to withdraw from Petronius. "Punish!" called a number of voices. he waited yet for what Caesar would say or do. how permit that such a thought should even pass through the head of any one. and all the more that any one should venture to express it aloud in thy presence!" "Punish the insolent!" exclaimed Vitelius. who had not thought Petronius sufficiently daring to throw dice such as those on the table. In the atrium there was a murmur and a movement. "Tigellinus. Even Tullius Senecio. But turning to Tigellinus. This was. lost his head. on noting this. show me my error. the last victory of the arbiter over his rival. turning his near-sighted."Lord. "it was thou whom I called a comedian. "permit me to go. pushed away." said Petronius. he measured him with a glance in which was that contempt for a ruffian which is felt by a great lord who is an exquisite. however. — "Is this the way thou payest me for the friendship which I had for thee?" "If I am mistaken. as did young Nerva. and a comedian. — thou who a short while since wert threatening him with pretorians. which we all understood as did he!" Tigellinus. for thou art one at this very moment. turned pale. a cowardly poet. and was speechless. my ears cannot suffer such expressions!" "I have lost. glassy eyes on Petronius. — "Lord. for that moment Poppaea said. who had shown him hitherto the greatest friendship. an incendiary. Nero raised his lips again to his nostrils." thought Petronius. said. and call thee. besides. and gathering with his hands the folds of his toga. After a while Petronius was alone on the left side of the atrium. his constant companion at the court." "Punish the insolent!" repeated Vitelius. for when people wish to expose thy person to destruction.

and am ruined. let him know that for friends this heart has naught but forgiveness. and the consultation was ended. Meanwhile Caesar rose."Ye wish me to punish him" said Caesarae "but he is my friend and comrade. 363 . Though he has wounded my heart." thought Petronius." "I have lost.

like the balsam of Jericho. Nero and Tigcllinus went to Poppaea's atrium.— for Jehovah filled thy heart with goodness! Thy father's predecessor. lion among men. for in his mother's veins flowed the blood of the chosen people. lord. a young copyist. "We. raising their hands an arm's length. O ruler of the earth. are as sweet as a cluster of grapes. whose lips are unstained by a lie. whose reign is like sunlight. and of thee. O lord. for the name of the powerful Jehovah gave them courage. The chief one spoke again.Chapter 49 PETRONIUS went borne. and. and Caesar. Caesar Caius." "And did not Caligula give command to throw them to the lions?" "No. confident in his might. and. accuse them of this alone. Caesar Caius feared Jehovah's anger. their assistant. together with Chilo. that long since they have threatened the city and the world with fire! The rest will be told thee by this man. At sight of Caesar the priests grew pale from emotion. was stern. "Do ye accuse the Christians of burning Rome?" inquired Caesar. they looked into Nero's eyes with more boldness. "Be greeted. a poor Stoic—" 364 . of the human race. — "Thy words. guardian of the chosen people. — that they are enemies of the law. preferring death Itself to violation of the law. The priests grew still paler. of Rome. where they were expected by people with whom the prefect had spoken already. lord. like a spring." "Do ye refuse to call me god?" inquired Nero." And they raised their heads. still our envoys did not call him god. like a palm. There were two Trans-Tiber rabbis in long solemn robes and mitred." Nero turned to Chio: "Who art thou?" "One who honors thee. as a ripe fig. bent their heads to his hands. like the cedar of Lebanon. besides. O Cyrus.

" said Poppaea. I hate Musonius and Cornutus. and on all temples in which our gods are honored. O Isis." answered Nero." "Speak of the Christians. O lord." "O lord." said Nero. for eyes that have seen thee should be free of tears forever. The first Christian whom evil fate brought near me was one Glaucus. put a pitcher of wine before it. a physician of Naples. Chrestos was crucified. and sought truth. Dress my stoicism. Their speech is repulsive to me. and poison fountains. defend me against my enemies. At thy wish I will have twice as many." "O Immortal! My faith is in thee. and to my misfortune I made their acquaintance. "Put thy liberality with my weight. "It will be at thy command. in a garland of roses.— "Thou dost please me. thy master Seneca has one thousand tables of citrus wood." "Thou art triply right. When I heard of the Christians." answered Chilo. it will sing Anacreon in such strains as to deafen every Epicurean. I sought it among the ancient divine sages." put in Caesar. For this reason. they hate men. I am a Stoic from necessity."I hate the Stoics. O divinity?" "No. "From youth I devoted myself to philosophy. and in the Serapeum at Alexandria. "or the wind will blow my reward away. with a shade of impatience. who promised to exterminate all people and destroy every city on earth. O lady." answered Chilo. who was pleased by the title "Radiant. O Radiant One. their voluntary squalor and filth. for this reason in their assemblies they shower curses on Rome. my wit is not of lead. "weeping annoys me." "He would not outweigh Vitelius. and I hate them. "I hate Thrasea. "Eheu! Silver-bowed. the Christians blaspheme against that faith. their contempt for art." "This man is worth his weight in gold!" cried Tigellinus. From him I learned in time that they worship a certain Chrestos. I judged that they formed some new school in which I could find certain kernels of truth. in the Academy at Athens." smiled and said. but he promised 365 ." "What dost thou know of the Christians?" "Wilt thou permit me to weep. but to spare them if they helped him to exterminate the children of Deucalion." "I see that thy faith does not hinder thee from calling me a god." Nero.

"Many understand that already. O Cyrus. O lord. hence I took to loving Glaucus. but was liberated afterward. and teach. Caesar?" asked Poppaea. O Isis!" "Dost hear." "Poor man!" said Poppaeua. I trusted him. "but when I heard of yours." continued Chio. I know where they meet. I saw how Glaucus killed children. for I go about in the gardens. When I came to Rome. the foster-child of Pomponia Graecina. But then I sought consolation in philosophy. I saw the Apostle Peter. I go to the Campus Martius." "People will understand now why Rome was destroyed. I became acquainted with their chief priest. he would come again and give Christians dominion over the world. how he repaid me? On the road from Naples to Rome he thrust a knife into my body. I can point out one excavation in the Vatican Hill and a cemetery beyond the Nomentan Gate. and my wife. "Whoso has seen the face of Aphrodite is not poor. for she bewitched the little Augusta. lady. she brought the death of an infant. and thine. My sensitive heart could not resist such a truth. Unfortunately I was stopped by the noble Vinicius. On the contrary. I thought that they would force him to yield up my wife. I became acquainted with the son of Zebedee. If Sophocles knew my history — but what do I say? One better than Sophocles is listening. so that the Apostle might have something to sprinkle on the heads of those present. I became acquainted with another. he told me that Chrestos was a good divinity." 366 . "I could forgive wrongs done myself. named Paul. with Linus and Clitus and many others. and I saw Lygia. I wanted to stab her. and dost thou know. I know where they lived before the fire. I shared every morsel of bread with him. who boasted that though unable to bring the blood of an infant. where they celebrate their shameless ceremonies. Glaucus the physician did not reveal to me at first that their religion taught hatred. "Can that be!" exclaimed Nero. and I see it at this moment. lady. I tried to meet Christian elders to obtain justice against Glaucus. the beautiful and youthful Berenice.that when Rome was destroyed by fire. But if ye listen to the end. he sold to a slave-merchant." interrupted Tigellinus. thy daughter. who loves her. who was in prison in this city. every copper coin. that the basis of their religion was love. ye will know my reasons for vengeance.

Lygia is a Christian." "And. who rushed then on Viicius and would have killed him but for Lygia. Lygia's slave. In fact. for Vinicius killed Croton with a knife." "Vinicius?" "Yes. thousands. For wretched pay I helped him in the search. old man. and Lygia and Ursus. and that nothing pierces me with such disgust as lying. at the desire of Glaucus the physician. and so is Vinicius. and I will deliver to thee Peter the Apostle and Linus and Clitus and Glaucus and Crispus. and with us thy wrestler Croton. O lord. who can break a bull's neck as easily as another might a poppy stalk. avenge my wrongs on them. little Aulus is a Christian. I myself saw Croton's ribs breaking in the arms of Ursus." Nero laughed: "Petronius a Christian! Petronius an enemy of life and luxury! Be not foolish. since I am ready not to believe anything. Vinicius was ill for a long time after that but they nursed him in the hope that through love he would become a Christian. I swear by that radiance which comes from thee that I speak the truth. Petronius too?" inquired Tigellinus. I will point out hundreds of them to you. crushed Croton. But. the highest ones. Auluae and Pomponia loved him because of that." said Nero. whom the noble Viicius hired to protect him. I served him faithfully. all thy 367 ." "Now I understand why he defended the Christians. hurriedly. he did become a Christian. "the mortal who crushed Croton deserves a statue in the Forum. O lord. He may have become one! He may very well have become one. O Lord."Vinicius? But did she not flee from him?" "She fled. We went there together. But Ursus. Chio squirmed. the cemeteries. he could not exist without her. rubbed his hands." "By Hercules. thou art mistaken or art inventing. he gave command to flog me. and said. — "I admire thy penetration. perhaps. And I have sworn by Hades that I will not forget that for him. That is a man of dreadful strength. though I am old and was sick and hungry. and in return. lord." "That is how people calumniate the gods. and it was I who pointed out to him the house in which she lived among the Christians in the Trans-Tiber. I will indicate their houses of prayer. do not ask me to believe that. but he made search for her. O lord." "But the noble Vinicius became a Christian. Pomponia Graecina is a Christian.

if thou wilt give fifty men." Tigellinus looked at Nero. she hated her from the first moment. and wounded vanity. Still the coolness of the young patrician touched her deeply. when the beauty of that northern lily alarmed her. Their houses were too beautiful. "Would it not be well. "Whoso renders service to thee will fill it by that same." "Thou art not mistaken. O lord. O divinity. and filled her heart with a stubborn feeling of offence. that he had dared to prefer anothe'r." "Then. Poppaea the critic understood at one cast of the eye that in all Rome Lygia alone could rival and even surpass her. but not into the Augusta. hitherto in philosophy alone. Delight beamed from the face of the Greek. But if ye will not imprison Vinicius." But Poppaeca did not forget her enemies. I will point out the house to which she returned after the fire. "Lord. now I will find it in favors that will descend on me. 368 . anger." "It is thy wish to be a Stoic before a full plate. which had risen under the influence of jealousy.prisons will not hold them! Without me ye could not find them. — "No. Tigellinus." "Hasten!" cried Chio. People would not believe us if we tried to persuade them that Petronius." "Thou wilt lodge meanwhile with me. indeed. and have not known life. or Pomponia Graecina had fired Rome. Their turn will come later." said the prefect to Chilo. Petronius. to finish at once with the uncle and nephew?" Nero thought a moment and answered. rather a momentary whim." said Nero. to-day other victims are needed. "hasten! Otherwise Vinicius will hide her. "O lord! thou hast not seen Croton in the arms of Ursus. "See to this. Vinicius. Her fancy for Vinicius was. give me soldiers as a guard. might talk what he pleased into Caesar. seemed to her a crime calling for vengeance." said Tigellinus. "avenge our child. I am lost. This alone. I will only show the house from a distance. and go this moment. I am old. O philosopher. In misfortunes I have sought consolation." "I will give thee ten men. As to Lygia. let me begin. not now. who spoke of the too narrow hips of the girl." said Chilo. Thenceforth she vowed her ruin." said she.

with a hoarse voice."I will give up all! only hasten! — hasten!" cried he. 369 .

who devoured his own children.' and deliver him to the populace. Petronius: If Caesar were a Christian. Who knows even if a better epoch would not begin thus for honest people? I ought to have taken the office. By Pollux! And to think that it depended on me alone to be pretorian prefect act this moment. "Were my house burnt. Nero might indeed have forgotten the offence. — this would be even an amusing spectacle. simply out of regard for Viicius. and Caesar's growing friendship in recent times seemed to confirm the correctness of this statement. It seemed to him that he was in Antium. "Ye call us enemies of life. Petronius had himself borne to his house on the Carimr." And his carelessness was so great that he began to laugh. Then let Vinicius baptize all the pretorians. that Paul of Tarsus was saying to him.Chapter 50 ON leaving Caesar. But that first-born of Fortune might meditate now on the fickleness of his mother. In case of overwork I could have surrendered command to bini. who had lost their houses and in them vast wealth and many works of art. what harm could that be to me? Nero pious. which. For years it had been repeated that he was the first-born of Fortune. rebuild Rome. being surrounded on three sides by a garden. I should array him in the 'painful tunic. nay. Caesar himself. But after a time his thoughts turned in another direction. which he is really. escaped the fire luckily. and acted according to our religion. or rather on her likeness to Chronos. Etruscan vases. and Nero would not have even tried to resist. would not life be safer and more certain?" 370 . Nero virtuous and merciful. called Petronius fortunate. I should proclaim Tigellinus the incendiary." said he to himself. and Corinthian bronze. For this cause other Augustians. Alexandrian glass. "and with it my gems. protect the Christians. but answer me. and having in front the small Ceciian Forum.

he haed had enough of them! But afterward he began to think over his position. and if that be true. I will take a bath in violet water. But. What buffoons. Ahenobarbus will not get it." said Petronius to himself. and the vase will go with me. "only then will he think of me. but people are so vile for the greater part that life is not worth a regret. he knew that destruction was not threatening him directly. It would be a wonder if there are really Elysian fields. Indeed. in any event! I am sorry also for Vinicius. who have learned not a little. In the world things are beautiful. I should find. and if not thus. "They may think that my knees are trembling at this moment. and in them shades of people. But in every case it must have ended thus. lofty phrases about friendship and forgiveness. society better than this. for he is right. He who knew how to live should know how to die. and before he finds them much time may pass. Nearer danger threatens Vinicius!" 371 . but Eunice is free. Though I belong to the Augustians. But who knows that this will not be the case soon? I myself. I am sorry for Eunice and my Myrrhene vase. it is not worth while to take trouble or change my course of life. Eunice would come in time to me. First of all. though I was bored less of late than before. in some other way. still they seemed to him now as farther away and more deserving of contempt than usual. trieksters. I am ready. and we should wander together over asphodel meadows. then after refreshment we will have sung to us that hymn to Apollo composed by Anthemios. "He will have to seek pretexts. for death thinks of us without our assistance. a vile herd without taste or polish! Tens of Arbiters Elegantiarum could not transform those Trimalchions into decent people. hence I shall have to open my veins. He had known them well earlier. I said once to myself that it was not worth while to think of death." Here he shrugged his shoulders. too.And remembering these words. did not learn how to be a great enough scoundrel. he will celebrate the games with Christians. By Persephone! I have had enough!" And he noted with astonishment that something separated him from those people already. Nero had seized an appropriate occasion to utter a few select. Paul will find as many new ones. unless the world can rest on scoundrelism. I was freer than they supposed. and had known what to think of them. my golden-haired herself will anoint me. thus binding himself for the moment. he continued: "By Castor! No matter how many Christians they murder here. and that terror has raised the hair on my head. but on reaching home. Thanks to his acuteness.

like the greater part of the Trans-Tiber. It occurred to him also that Tigellinus. True. and a handful of thy Christians. however. thinking of what had happened. He knew that Lygia and Linus had returned after the fire to the former house. "that giant Lygian will break their bones and what will it be if Vinicius comes with assistance?" Thinking of this he was consoled. whose "insula" had been burned. was living with him. ashheaps. had been saved.And thenceforth he thought only of Vinicius. 372 . Persecutions and tortures threaten them. "Hast seen Lygia to-day?" were the first words of Petronius. Four sturdy Bithynians bore his litter quickly through ruins. which. take weapons. Pursuit may begin any instant. that vengeance might fall on himself. fortunately. that as things were. whom he resolved to rescue. In case of need. When left alone. and that was an unfavorable circumstance. and stones with which the Carimc was filled yet. "If they send no more than ten people after her. He listened with frowning brows. would extend his net over all Rome. and therefore in every case Vinicius would anticipate the pretorians. but fearless. Take a purse of gold. Petronius hoped. rescue her!" Vinicius was in the door of the atrium already. and was at home. he began to walk by the columns which adorned the atrium. armed resistance to the pretorians was almost the same as war with Casar. too much of a soldier to lose time in useless queries. Take Lygia and flee at once beyond the Alps even." said he. Evidently the first feeling of his nature in presence of peril was a wish to defend and give battle. Vinicius. "I have just come from her. indeed. and lose no time in questions. for otherwise it would have been difficult to find them among throngs of people. "One word more." Viicius was. And hasten. It has been decided this morning at Caesar's to lay the blame of burning Rome on the Christians." "Hear what I tell thee. "Send me news by a slave!" cried Petronius. wishing to seize at one attempt as many Christians as possible. no one in the Palatine knew where they lived. or to Africa. but he commanded them to run swiftly so as to be home at the earliest. "I go. and a face intent and terrible. for the Palatine is nearer the Trans-Tiber than is this place." thought he. Petronius knew also that if Vinicius hid from the vengeance of Nero.

Lygia. the persecution threatening the Christians. while defending Christians. answered." "O lord!" "Come hither. stretching his hands to her. she blushed with delight as if she had been an innocent maiden. "How is that. and said. was really as beautiful as a goddess. in a transparent violet robe called "Coa vestis. inclining her golden head to him. — "Anthemios has come with his choristers. embrace me with thy arms. She. and looked only at her with the eyes of an anthetic man enamoured of marvellous forms. Eunice." Then she pressed her lips to his. are there asphodels on the grass plot in the garden?" 373 . Dost thou love me?" "I should not have loved Zeus more. Since in Antium Paul of Tarsus had converted most of his slaves. and give thy lips to me. On the contrary. the disfavor into which he had fallen. he. He forgot Caesar. he will sing to us during dinner the hymn to Apollo. and loving him with all her soul. might count on their zeal and devotion. Charis?" asked Petronius. Vinicius. I ask. After a while Petronius asked. "What wilt thou say to me. Feeling herself admired meanwhile.but he cared little. She. and is standing before me. The entrance of Eunice interrupted his thoughts. and of a lover for whom love breathes from those forms." through which her maiden-like form appeared. By the groves of Paphos! when I see thee in that Coan gauze. while quivering in his arms from happiness. and determined to spare in the matter neither men nor money. the degraded Augustians." "Let him stay. — "But if we should have to separate?" Eunice looked at him with fear in her eyes. — "Tell me. and asks if 'tis thy wish to hear him. he rejoiced at the thought of crossing Nero's plans and those of Tigellinus. At sight of her all his cares and troubles vanished without a trace. for who knows but I may have to set out on a long journey?" "Take me with thee—" Petronius changed the conversation quickly. ever eager for his fondling. lord?" "Fear not. I think that Aphrodite has veiled herself with a piece of the sky.

and soon it will be a real graveyard. They were served by boys dressed as Cupids. lord? They are good and peaceful. and their arrival at such times foreboded no good. under direction of Anthemios. wishes to see thee. Golden-haired!" He went out. he said." The song and the sound of lutes ceased. "Lord. Dost thou know that an edict against the Christians is to be issued." Then turning to the chief of the atrium." "Well. like a man annoyed by continual visits."The cypresses and the grass plots are yellow from the fire. and the whole garden seems dead. What cared they if around the villa chimneys pointed up from the ruins of houses. "Noble lord. did not employ pretorians usually." The slave disappeared behind the curtain. "a centurion with a detachment of pretorians is standing before the gate. I will give command to make a bath for thee in the form of a shell. Come. — "They might let me dine in peace. at command of Caesar." said he. and an hour later both. By the girdle of Kypris! never hast thou seemed to me so beautiful." Petronius extended his white hand lazily. and with an iron helmet on his head. the chief of the atrium. "here is a letter from Caesar. a moment later heavy steps were heard. but meanwhile I must bathe. armed. Thy beautiful eyes do not like to see blood. and. "Let him enter. were resting before a table covered with a service of gold. in communications with friends. But before the hymn was finished a slave. took the tablet. and." "For that very reason. entered the hail. Come to the elzothesiwn to anoint my arms. and a persecution will begin during which thousands will perish?" "Why punish the Christians. in a voice quivering with alarm. in garlands of roses and with misty eyes. but said. the leaves have fallen from the myrtles. which had made their lives like a divine dream. Petronius alone showed not the slightest emotion." said he. the centurion Aper. casting his eye over it. in all calmness to Eunice. they drank wine from ivywreathed goblets. gave it. for Caesar. thou wilt be like a costly pearl in it. Alarm was roused in all present. and heard the hymn to Apollo sung to the sound of harps. and an acquaintance of Petronius appeared. and gusts of wind swept the ashes of burnt Rome in every direction? They were happy thinking only of love." "All Rome seems dead. 374 ." "Let us go to the sea.

They will ask the centurion in the evening how I received him. for I am on duty. Then he gave a sign to Anthemios to finish the hymn to Apollo. But. I know that thou wilt not forget the offence. "hence I shall go. lord. noble lord." In fact. when the harps sounded anew. all the more since Vinicius cannot go. No. Perhaps because I was sent in this direction on other duty." said the centurion. "Yes. A goblet of wine I will drink to thy health willingly. no! thou wilt not amuse thyself overmuch." "Is it long since the pursuit was begun?" "Some divisions were sent to the Trans-Tiber before midday. beautiful as a god. there will be no answer. centurion. after the dinner was finished and after the usual walk." said Petronius. and not sent by a slave?" "I know not." "I know. lord. he gave command to take him to the Palatine. thou mightst rest a while with us and empty a goblet of wine?" "Thanks to thee. but rest I may not. wilt thou go?" "I am in excellent health." said Eunice. that thou wilt see fear and humility on my face. and an hour later. and said. "Bronzebeard is beginning to play with me and Vinicius. thou art mistaken. what thou desirest. "'Come if thou hast the wish'." "Why was the letter given to thee. but if thou think that I shall look into thy eyes imploringly." "Take the goblet too. lord." answered Petronius. cruel and wicked prophet. and invites me to come. he gave himself into the hands of hairdressers and of slaves who arranged his robes. then he emptied it. lord." When he had said this. against the Christians?" "Yes." "Caesar writes."He will read a new book of the Troyad this evening." thought he. — "May the gods grant thee. 375 . the centurion shook a little wine from the goblet in honor of Mars. "I divine his plan! He wanted to terrify me by sending the invitation through a centurion. and can listen even to his verses.' "I have only the order to deliver the letter. I know that my destruction will not fail.

he looked on them with that interest with which he would have looked on some tragedy. moreover. and after a while entered the atrium. had rescued her. Caesar. — 376 . he had been always attached to Vinicius. Yesterday's friends. He was thinking of Vinicius. drunk with wine. A certain breeze from them had blown on him. as selfconfident as if he himself had the power to distribute favors. answered. bearing in their hands branches of myrtle and laurel taken from Caesar's gardens. Petronius did not lose hope that Vinicius had anticipated the pretorians and fled with Lygia. unconcerned. he had changed somewhat without his own knowledge. But he would have preferred to be certain. He was an Epicurean and an egotist. though astonished that he was invited. feigned not to see him. however. here and there they were dancing by the light of the moon. and. clapping Tigellinus on the back as he would a freedman. in the worse case. now with Paul of Tarsus. hearing daily of the Christians. Some. beautiful.It was late. in garlands of ivy and honeysuckle." and then the crowd pushed apart. now with Vinicius. On the streets and among the ruins crowds of people were pushing along. therefore. this cast new seeds into his soul. the moon shone so brightly that the lampadarii going before the litter put out their torches. But Tigellinus approached and said. the evening was warm and calm. pretending to be occupied in conversation. seeing him thus. but he moved on among them. at present. Dost thou assert still that it was not the Christians who burnt Rome?" Petronius shrugged his shoulders. shouting in honor of their favorite. were alarmed in spirit lest they had shown him indifference too early. Abundance of grain and hopes of great games filled the hearts of all with gladness. Besides his own person others began to occupy him. free. Arbiter Elegantiarum. for in childhood he had loved greatly his sister. the mother of Vinicius. or. and did not return his obeisance. still pushed back. and the slaves were forced repeatedly to demand space for the litter "of the noble Petronius. Here and there songs were sung magnifying the "divine night" and love. but passing time.— "Good evening. Stopping before the house of Tiberius. since he foresaw that he might have to answer various questions for which he would better be prepared. and wondering why he had no news from him. when he had taken part in his affairs. filled already with Augustians. he alighted from the litter.

" "Ah. Gradually therefore he began to discuss with him. in places increased his attention as if to be sure that he heard correctly. divinity. however." But seeing Nero's strange smile. that he alone understood it. turned his eyes involuntarily toward Petronius. instead of crying out like a jackdaw. during the reading. that Petronius alone was occupied with poetry for its own sake. and when at last Petronius brought the fitness of a certain expression into doubt." And they began again to approach him. raised his brows. — "Thou wilt see in the last book why I used it. did not find him at home." Tigellinus bit his lips. "With thy permission he has married and gone." "And thou art right. at the moment when Petronius was taking leave. 377 . was not easy." "I do not dare to rival thee in wisdom." "Say to Vinicius that I shall be glad to see him. thou. for that opened a field in which he could not rival Petronius. he would have answered. he answered. — "Thy invitation. He was not over-rejoiced that Caesar had decided to read a new book. he gave command to bear him home still more quickly than in the morning. and that if he praised one could be sure that the verses deserved praise. Nero himself felt that for others in their exaggerated praises it was simply a question of themselves. wouldst have to give an opinion that was not pointless. The latter listened. Then he praised or criticised. with blinking eyes and a face at once glad and malicious. demanded corrections or the smoothing of certain verses. looking carefully to see what he could read in his face. for when Caesar reads to us a new book from the Troyad. inquired suddenly. for Caesar. Nero." thought Petronius. But the end of the evening was less fortunate. to dispute. It seemed to him that they related to Lygia directly. — "But why did not Vinicius come?" Had Petronius been sure that Vinicius and Lygia were beyond the gates of the city." These words alarmed Petronius. "then we shall wait for the last book." More than one hearing this said in spirit: "Woe to me! Petronius with time before him may return to favor and overturn even Tigellinus. Sitting in his litter. "and tell him from me not to neglect the games in which Christians will appear. he said. agreed at times." answered Nero. In fact. That."Thou knowest as well as I what to think of that. from habit.

— "To the lions with Christians!" "Herd!" repeated Pctronius. and if Nero disappeared. with no purpose but to look at such a society? The genius of death was not less beautiful than the genius of sleep. The odor of a corpse was rising from it. and there would be need of sleep when it was over. Petronius felt immensely wearied. From the depth of burnt streets new crowds rushed forth continually. but was also its ulcer. through alleys lying among ruins around the Palatine. and moreover a fouler and a viler one. He saw then that the Christians alone had a new basis of life. hearing the cry. but which rose and grew till at last they were one savage roar. More than once this had been mentioned even among the Augustians. as it were. that a multitude of incendiaries were seized. and he also had wings at his shoulders. could not endure. And what then? The mad dance would continue under Ne:o. But the orgy could not last forever. repeated it. another would be found of the same kind or worse. but never before had Petronius had a clearer view of this truth that the laurelled chariot on which Rome stood in the form of a triumphator. — "To the lions with Christians!" Rich litters of courtiers pushed through the howling rabble. The life of that world-ruling city seemed to him a kind of mad dance. While thinking of this. Over its decaying life the shadow of death was descending. though not singing and dancing. on cruelty of which even barbarians had no conception. which must end. with contempt. and live in uncertainty. over all the hills and gardens were heard through the length and breadth of Rome shouts of swelling rage. Rome ruled the world. on crimes and mad profligacy. but. and immediately along the newly cleared and the old streets. 378 . drunk as before. for with such a people and such patricians there was no reason to find a better leader.Before the house of Tiberius stood a crowd dense and noisy. these. Was it worth while to live. There would be a new orgy. From afar came certain shouts which Petronius could not understand at once. "a people worthy of Cesar!" And he began to think that a society resting on superior force. News passed from mouth to mouth that the pursuit had continued from the forenoon. an orgy. even because of simple exhaustion. and which dragged behind a chained herd of nations. excited. but he judged that soon there would not remain a trace of the Christians. was going to the precipice.

a moment ago. they will deliver her. and Linus forbade him. "Thou wert late?" asked Petronius. "I understand thee. The latter understood. with a single opening in the ceiling. "She was not thrust down to the Tullianum 9 nor even to the middle prison. which was opened that instant by the watchful keeper. "Hast thou seen her?" "Yes. his head bent almost to his knees with his hands on his head. Jugurtha died there of hunger. And casting aside his toga. they seized her before midday.The lowest part of the prison. "Yes. as they feared responsibility. I paid the guard to give her his own room. he ran into the atrium. and second not to hinder her flight. but there was such despair in his voice that the heart of Petronius quivered from pure pity. lord. Vinicius was sitting on a stool." A moment of silence followed. lying entirely underground. Ursus took his place at the threshold and is guarding her." Viicius spoke with apparent calmness. and. "but how dost thou think to save her?" "I paid the guards highly. first to shield her from indignity." said he.The litter stopped before the arbiter's door." Petronius trembled and looked at Vinicius with an inquiring glance." replied the slave. "No. 379 . He himself gave her to me. "Yes. and when the tally of prisoners is confused. and me first! Thou art a friend of Caesar. turned to 9." thought Petronius. But that is a desperate thing! Do thou save her. When the prison will be filled with a multitude of people." "Where is she?" "In the Mamertine prison." "Why did Ursus not defend her?" "They sent fifty pretorians. but at the sound of steps he raised his stony face." "When can that happen?" "They answered that they could give her to me at once. Go to him and save me!" Petronius." said he." "What is thy intention?" "To save her or die with her. commanding him to bring two dark mantles and two swords. in which the eyes alone had a feverish brightness. instead of answering. therefore they did not seize him. "He has not rescued her. called a slave. I too believe in Christ." "But Linus?" "Linus is dying. "Has the noble Vinicius returned?" inquired Petronius.

and art stopping my way. There give the guards a hundred thousand sestertia. and rending his ears. The streets were empty because of the late hour. if they will free Lygia at once. there will be time for other methods." said Petronius. Do not count on that. go thy way. ye are both lost. put one hand on his shoulder. she tried to destroy Lygia before by ascribing the death of her own infant to her witchcraft." Thus speaking. "Friend. If that were not the case. not alone f or belief in Christ. and shouted in a hoarse voice. To-day he would rather do something at thy request than at mine. the measure of his patience was exceeded." With his other hand the drunken man seized him by the arm. Their further conversation was interrupted. — "To the lions with Christians!" "Mirmillon. covering his face with a breath filled with wine. however. for the reason that if thou free her not before they come at the idea that thou wilt try. "Meanwhile take the mantle and weapon." "Yes. however. "I did not wish to lose time. and we will go to the prison. Otherwise it will be too late. Get her out of the prison." answered Petronius. he continued as if nothing had happened. How explain that Lygia was the first to be imprisoned? Who could point out the house of Linus? But I tell thee that she has been followed this long time. or I'll break thy neck: Christians to the lions!" But the arbiter's nerves had had enough of those shouts. beginning with to-day. give them twice and five times more. I know that I wring thy soul. would I advise thee to flee with Lygia or to rescue her? Besides. I am in disfavor." said Vinicius." said he. My own life is hanging on a hair. Caesar's wrath will turn on me. hence I can do nothing with Caesar. he drove into the man's breast to the hilt the short sword which he had brought from home. I understand!" muttered Vinicius. "Now listen to me. and flee! Nothing else is left. "listen to good counsel. and take the remnant of thy hope from thee. If that does not succeed. then. He reeled against Petronius. quietly.— "On the way I will tell thee. Meanwhile know that Lygia is in prison.Vinicius. From the time that he had left the Palatine they had been stifling him like a nightmare. — "Caesar said to-day. whom she hated from the first cast of the eye. After a while both were on the street. if thou escape. but I tell thee this purposely. So when he saw the fist of the giant above him. "thou hint the smell of wine. by a drunken gladiator who came toward them. dost remember? She knows that she was rejected for Lygia. Thou hast offended the Augusta by rejecting her." said he. The hand of Poppaea is in this. Poppaea's anger is pursuing her and thee. 'Tell Vinicius from me to be at the games in which Christians 380 . Worse than that. taking the arm of Vinicius. I am sure that he would act in opposition to my request. Nay. — "Shout with me." "Let us go.

The soldiers looked at one another with amazement." "Then let me in. and the walls of the castle came out definitely from the shadow. "See Acte. Petronius knew not only the officers. and said. I will come to learn her answer." said he. as they turned toward the Mamertine prison. But those were not voices of sorrow or despair.will appear. "Let us go on." answered Vinicius." "I will give him all that I have. but can she effect anything? Thy Sicilian lands. Soon he saw an acquaintance. From the Carinae to the Forum was not very far. women. Vinicius grew as pale as marble. at first low and muffled. The whole prison began to sound. "But what is this. Make the trial." responded Petronius." "Come. too. in the calmness of dawn. Niger?" asked he. Perhaps that is why thou and I are not imprisoned yet. like a harp. Petronius stopped." "Have ye the order to admit no one?" inquired Vinicius. 381 .— "Pretorians! Too late!" In fact the prison was surrounded by a double rank of soldiers. gladness and triumph were heard in them. a leader of a cohort. If thou art not able to get her at once — I do not know — Acte might take thy part. and children were mingled in one harmonious chorus." said Vinicius. The hymn. The voices of men. The first golden and rosy gleams of the morning appeared in the sky. and pressing Petronius's hand.' Dost understand what that means? They wish to make a spectacle of thy pain. The night had begun to pale. might tempt Tigellinus. "are ye commanded to watch the prison?" "Yes. he said. The prefect feared lest they might try to rescue the incendiaries. Suddenly. Gifted with an uncommon memory. acquaintances will visit the prisoners. but nearly all the pretorian soldiers. "We have not. on the contrary. noble Petronius. rose more and more. At that moment under the ground and beyond the thick walls was heard singing. The morning dawn was silvering their helmets and the points of their javelins. That is a settled affair. and in that way we shall seize more Christians. After a while they halted before the line. hence they arrived soon. and nodded to him.

savage hounds from Hibernia. Married women prepared feasts to the gods and night watches. since their punishment was to be a splendid amusement for the populace. were commanded in the temples. Meanwhile new broad streets were opened among the ruins. crocodiles and hippopotamuses from the Nile. In one place and another foundations were laid for magnificent houses. By advice of the Sibylline books. palaces. Caesar wished to drown all memory of the fire in blood. the Senate ordained solemnities and public prayer to Vulcan. lions from the Atlas. in which the entire local population was forced to take part. and Proserpina. Still the opinion spread that the catastrophe would not have assumed such dreadful proportions but for the anger of the gods. but no one wished to doubt. a whole procession of them went to the seashore to take water and sprinkle with it the statue of the goddess. and make Rome drunk with it. and placated the Immortals. not excepting the smaller ones. gigantic hunts were organized. Ceres. hence never had there been a greater promise of bloodshed. Tigellinus emptied the vivaria of all Italian cities. Molossian dogs from Epirus. "Christians to the lions!" was heard increasingly in every part of the city. for this reason "piacuia." or purifying sacrifices. and temples. the games were to surpass in greatness anything seen up to that time. At first not only did no one doubt that they were the real authors of the catastrophe. But first of all they built with unheard-of haste an enormous wooden amphitheatre in which Christians were to die. All Rome purified itself from sin. orders went to consuls to furnish wild beasts.Chapter 51 THE cry. Because of the number of prisoners. bisons and the gigantic wild aurochs from Germany. and confessed their 382 . made offerings. Immediately after that consultation in the house of Tiberius. That was no difficult labor for whole groups of them camped with the other population in the midst of the gardens. Elephants and tigers were brought in from Asia. Matrons made offerings to Juno. The willing people helped guards and pretorians in hunting Christians. In Africa. wolves and bears from the Pyrenees. at his command.

and in their wild frenzy remembered one shout alone: "To the lions with Christians!" Wonderfully hot days came. and in vineyards belonging to patrician Christians. and since it was important beyond everything to convince the mob.faith openly. and Vinicius. Pomponia Graecina. night and day through the streets. feared that the mob would not believe that such people had burned Rome. Others were of the opinion. — the confessors of Christ went to death willingly. howling. crime. Victims were sought in ruins. A madness seized the persecutors. Pity had died out. but she could offer him only tears. and tore them to pieces. not understanding its origin. or even sought death till they were restrained by the stern commands of superiors. turned to Acte. It seemed that people had forgotten to speak. they knelt. in chimneys. and was endured only in so far as she hid herself from Poppaea and Casar. moreover. But she had visited Lygia in prison. and above all had saved her from injury on the part of the prisonguards. it is true. every day the mob and pretorians drove in new victims. who. however. for she lived in oblivion and suffering. around casks of wine. It happened that the mob wrested Christians from pretorians. In the evening was heard with delight bellowing which was like thunder. after parting with Vinicius. in excavations near the Appian Way. Cornelius Pudens. to gain assistance for Lygia. considered it as rage and persistence in crime. and while singing hymns let themselves be borne away without resistance. Caesar himself. and nights more stifling than ever before. children's heads were dashed against stones. the very air seemed filled with blood. of whom none had been imprisoned so far. punishment and vengeance were deferred till later days. in cellars. And that surpassing measure of cruelty was answered by an equal measure of desire for martyrdom. But their patience only increased the anger of the populace. 383 . Thousands of people rushed. that those patricians were saved by the influence of Acte. were bribed already. but erroneously. When surrounded. and madness. women were dragged to prison by the hair. It was known perfectly on the Palatine that to the confessors of Christ belonged Flavius. Domitilla. Petronius. By the injunction of these superiors they began to assemble only outside the city. and which sounded throughout the city. Before the prison bacchanalian feasts and dances were celebrated at fires. she had carried her clothing and food. The prisons were overflowing with thousands of people. who.

unable to forget that had it not been for him and his plan of taking Lygia from the house of Aulus. there is no salvation. or answer with a jest or a shameless threat. but Tigellinus. He visited Augustians. and. once so proud. Seneca. uncertain of the morrow. he said. — in a word. not wishing apparently to offend the Augusta. not sparing in this case and in others promises and money. he tried to gain even his aid. To go to Caesar himself. it is true." But he was sorry for Vinicius. then mistress of Vatinius. spared neither time nor efforts. should be exterminated." thought the arbiter. would lead to nothing. and to implore in her behalf. who spared not his own sons for the good of Rome?" When this answer was repeated to Petronius. and made bold to mention to Caesar the Imprisoned maiden. besides. But all these efforts were fruitless. Vinicius wished. and finally Aliturus and Paris. "Now. but the answer. refused. even if they had not burned Rome. and by his own suffering. "he is upheld by the efforts which he makes to save her. for the good of the city. hearing of his purpose. wishing to win the game against Tigellinus. With the help of Chrysothemis. — "But should he refuse thee. and Diodorus. he will throw himself on his sword." Petronius understood better how to die thus than to love and suffer like Vinicius.Petronius. what wouldst thou do?" 384 . — "Since Nero has compared himself to Brutus. fell to explaining to him that the Christians. he justified the coming slaughter for political reasons. In the course of a few days he saw Seneca. to do this. inquired. but Petronius. A. Through Vitelius he offered Tigellinus all his Sicilian estates. and he. and the beautiful Pythagoras. and did nothing in return for it. embrace his knees and implore. but when all means fail and the last ray of hope is quenched. and dread seized him lest he might attempt his own life. probably she would not be in prison at that moment. Terpnos and Diodorus took the money. and whatever else the man might ask. who at first was hostile to the Christians. Vatinius reported to Caesar that they had been trying to bribe him. he saw Terpnos. took pity on them then. to whom Caesar usually refused nothing. through whom he wished to reach Poppaea. by Castor! he will not survive. Meanwhile Vinicius did all that he could think of to save Lygia.liturus alone. now begged their assistance. by the sight of her. Crispinilla. however. Domitius Afer. — "Dost thou think that I have a soul inferior to that of Brutus. He obtained nothing.

perhaps." said Petronius. replied. that besides death torments might be inflicted on her more terrible than death itself. But the suffering of Vinicius surpassed human endurance. no! I am a Christian. his thoughts were confused. the blood stiffened in his veins. not only did he love her a hundred times more. From the moment that Lygia was imprisoned and the glory of coming martyrdom had fallen on her. and because of which his heart was breaking. the sound of the axes beneath which rose the arena told him that it was reality. the most dreadful of all. and all that his eyes saw. But time roaring of wild beasts informed him that it was reality.At this the young tribune's features contracted with pain and rage. and that alarm was a new torture. and with them Nero. and had taken needful precautions. "I advise thee against this. the howling of the people and the overfilled prisons confirmed this. why the dingy walls of the Palatine did not sink through the earth. 385 ." "But thou will forget this. His soul was turned into one groan. because thou wouldst close all paths of rescue. At times it seemed to him that his skull was filled with living fire. And now. as he would a superhuman being. Moreover he was right. at the thought that he must lose this being both loved and holy. did not come with aid to His adherents. Still he knew that in no way could he restrain him from a dangerous step as well as by telling him that he would bring inexorable destruction on Lygia. meanwhile. and passing his palm over his forehead. but he began simply to give her in his soul almost religious honor. which would either burn or burst it. but not her." said Petronius to him. Remember what the daughter of Sejanus passed through before death" Speaking thus he was not altogether sincere. Then his faith in Christ was alarmed. was a dream. for on the Palatine they had counted on the visit of the young tribune. which was covered with cold sweat. the pretorian camp. "Yes. He ceased to understand what was happening. and from his fixed jaws a gritting sound was heard. — "No. the Divine. "Remember what the daughter of Sejanus endured before death. and all that city of crime. the Merciful. since he was concerned more for Vinicius than for Lygia. Thou hast the right to ruin thyself. the Augustians. as thou didst a moment ago. he ceased to understand why Christ." Vinicius restrained himself. He thought that it could not and should not be otherwise.

who hated his step-son. The spectacles must begin. to the ludus matutinus (morning games). — that is. and months. he would have freed her sooner. were to continue for days. because of the unheard-of number of victims. haste. The amphitheatre was finished. All these reports struck the ears of Vinicius. weeks. but thereby he merely angered Caesar. her son by the first marriage. both those of Caesar and Poppaea. By a special courier he sent a letter to Poppaea's second husband. whence the only exit was to the arena. Lygia might find herself any day in a cuniculum of the circus. He sacrificed his property and himself. Meanwhile day followed day. extinguishing in him the last hope. Petronius saw this. Otho. in Spain. But this time the morning games. and just then he felt that instead of brains he had glowing coals in his head. — to make death less terrible to her. laying before them plans which they could not execute. He gave a villa in Antium to Rufius. too. He found the first husband of Poppaea. he overpaid their empty promises. bribed guards and beast-keepers. The "tesserae" were distributed. that if he had pretended that the imprisonment of Lygia concerned him little. In time he saw that he was working for this only. While there was yet time. but now there was no time. until he saw at last that he was simply the plaything of people. The puticuli — common pits in which slaves were kept — began to be overfilled. 386 . There was fear that diseases might spread over the whole city hence. tickets of entrance. and obtained from him a letter. he won their good will with rich gifts. Vinicius. Vinicius lowered himself to the degree that he sought support from freedmen and slaves. visited all the circuses. and fever was raging iO them. he might delude himself with the belief that he could do something.Chapter 52 AND everything had failed. not knowing whither fate and the cruelty of superior force might throw her. Rufus Crispinus. The prisons were crammed. It was not known where to put the Christians.

reached the vineyard in a wild and lonely place. repeated every moment. Peter had baptized him. On entering he saw by dim lamplight a few tens of kneeling figures sunk in prayer. The slaves found him frequently kneeling with upraised hands or lying with his face to the earth. But betaking himself to that quarryman in whose hut he was baptized. and determined to perish at the same time. and was praying. From a distance Vimcius recognized his white hair and his upraised hands. had concealed him now carefully even from other brethren. the murmur of prayer reached his ears. and declared that he would find Peter there. Peter was present. Everything had failed him. passing beyond the wall. let him give aid and rescue. had lost sight of Peter. as if he hid no understanding of what had happened and what might happen.For the rest he had no thought of surviving her. He prayed to Christ. piercing sadness and sorrow were heard. The quarryman offered to guide him. and resembled those waxen masks kept in lararia. he had barely seen him once from the time of his own baptism till the beginning of the persecution. The Christians. They started about dusk. As Vinicius drew near. When any one spoke to him. The meeting was held in a wine-shed. Peter had performed miracles. deep. before a wooden cross nailed to the wall of the shed. Only a miracle could save Lygia. male and female." In those voices. and walked in the atrium till morning. Peter had promised him Lygia. occupied also in efforts to get Lygia out of prison. he returned to Petronius. They were saying a kind. The 387 . of whom not many remained. His friends and Petronius thought also that any day might open the kingdom of shadows before him. Vinicius. pressing his temples. amid the general confusion and disaster. and. But he feared lest pain might burn his life out before the dreadful hour came. for Christ was his last hope. He was kneeling in front of the others. His face was black. And a certain night he went to seek the Apostle. But he knew enough yet to understand that Peter's prayers were more important than his own. and. looked at the speaker with an inquiring and astonished gaze. through hollows overgrown with reeds. He passed whole nights with Ursus at Lygia's door in the prison. a chorus of voices. he raised his hands to his face mechanically. if she commanded him to go away and rest. of litany. hence he beat the stone flags with his forehead and prayed for the miracle. lest any of the weaker in spirit might betray him wittingly or unwittingly. In his features astonishment had grown frigid. he learned that there would be a meeting outside the Porta Salaria in a vineyard which belonged to Cornelius Pudens. "Christ have mercy on us.

when with every moment new tidings were borne about of insults and tortures inflicted on them in the prisons. hurl Nero into the abyss. and from outside came the warning whistles of watchmen. merciful. said. or because weakness bent the knees under Vinicius. He will raise up the faithful. And it seemed to him that something must happen surely. The people kneeling around Vinicius raised their tearful eyes toward the cross in silence. but awful.— 388 . filled the place with silvery light. Vinicius. It was interrupted at last by the sobbing of women. they listened yet. with stars at His feet. so any moment the heavens may be rent. immediately silence was around him. shone the faint gleam of lanterns. Where is Christ? and why does He let evil be mightier than God? Meanwhile they implored Him despairingly for mercy. entering through an opening in the roof. alarm. instead of glories not of earth. and hear a voice from which hearts would grow faint.first thought of the young patrician was to pass through the assembly. There was not in that assembly one soul which had not lost persons dear to the heart. that a moment of miracle would follow. there was not one heart there which was not terrified in its faith. Vinicius covered his face with both hands. turning to the assembly. which did not ask doubtfully. when the greatness of the calamity exceeded every imagination. and rays of the moon. and rule the world. He felt certain that when he rose and opened his eyes he would see a light from which mortal eyes would be blinded. Vinicius rose and looked forward with dazed eyes. "Christ have mercy on us!" was seized by such an ecstasy as formerly in the quarryman's hut. since in each soul there still smouldered a spark of hope that He would come. now Peter calls on Him. in proportion as they repeated. the earth tremble to its foundations. and bowed to the earth. "Save!" but whether it was the solemnity of the prayer. In the shed. too. and. Now from the depths they call on Him in the profoundness of their sorrow. here and there sobbing was heard. he would have understood that his was not the only prayer in which there was a groan. But the silence was unbroken. that he was not the only one who had brought with him his pain. cast himself at the Apostle's feet. as if fear had stopped further breathing on the lips of all present. Meanwhile Peter rose. he began to repeat while he groaned and clasped his hands: "Christ have mercy!" Had he been conscious. and grief. and when the most zealous and courageous confessors were in prison already. when only that handful remained. They looked yet toward the sky. and cry. and He appear in infinite glory. and command the abysses to swallow the persecutors. they prayed yet with trembling.

Give him back. All at once was heard the voice of a woman."Children. Meanwhile Peter began to speak in a voice so low at first that it was barely possible to hear him." After that he was silent. New silence followed. but on a sudden he saw before him. so as to break through the crowd to the Apostle and demand salvation. and when I am taken who will give them bread and water?" Then a fourth. the sight of which took strength from his feet. — "Linus. pretorians will seize us. What if the Apostle were to confess his own weakness. affirm that the Roman Caesar was stronger than Christ the Nazarene? And at that thought terror raised the hair on his head. full of care.— "When we return to our houses. With that a second voice began to complain. and there would remain only night and death. they have taken now and put to torture. and Christ permitted them!" Then a third. old. for he felt that in such a case not only the remnant of his hope would fall into that abyss. resembling a shoreless sea. a precipice. spared at first. I had one son who supported me. O Lord!" Then a fifth. as it were. O Lord!" Silence followed again.— "Executioners insulted my daughter. — 389 . Peter was standing before the kneeling audience. Vinicius sprang up again. the watchman merely gave out low whistles beyond the shed." "Woe to us! Who will protect us?" And thus in that silence of the night complaint after complaint was heard. full of sorrowful complaint and pain. — "I alone have remained to my children. The old fisherman closed his eyes and shook his white head over that human pain and fear. In that moment he seemed to them decrepitude and weakness personified. but with it he himself. and all through which he had life. raise your hearts to the Redeemer and offer Him your tears. We know not where to hide. — "I am a widow.

Heads bent before him. and let your hearts be inflamed. but life. to you who must die. and he. whose innocent daughter was defiled by executioners. God's apostle. "Amen!" called a number of voices. 'Follow in my path. I speak to you in the name of Christ. and from that time we are sowing His grain. the unfortunate. for before them was standing. majesty issued from him. and ye wish Him to shield you from the same. but rule! I. and was among us till He entered His kingdom in great glory. but endless delights. rose from the dead the third day. when the "Amen" ceased. I cried in pain. 'Woe! woe! O Lord. and thou wilt rejoin him! To thee." When he had said this. not tortures. to you the careworn. and ye catch at this earth with your hands."My children. say this: O widow. and I saw them raise the cross on high. thy son will not die. "And we. have ye received His teaching? Has He promised you nothing but life? He comes to you and says. the timid. — "Why do ye complain? God gave Himself to torture and death. whom they are tearing away from your orphans. became strong in heart. In the name of Christ. but before you I am His apostle and vicegerent. — in the name of Christ I declare that ye will wake as if from sleep to a happy waking. but singing. Not death is before you. From the Apostle's eyes came a light ever increasing. not a decrepit and careworn old man. crying. and also a quiver in their bones. to you who complain. let the beam fall from your eyes. and they felt new blood in their veins. I saw them open His side.' He raises you to Himself. seeing our little faith. he began in a voice now stronger. People of little faith. save us!' I am dust before God. who took their souls and raised them from dust and terror. but a potentate. on Golgotha I saw them nail God to the cross. our Lord and God. turning toward the place whence the first complaint came. I heard the hammers. and holiness. Thou art God! Why hast Thou permitted this? Why hast Thou died. he will be born into glory. and why hast Thou tormented the hearts of us who believed that Thy kingdom would come?' "But He. I promise that thou shalt find her whiter than the lilies of Hebron! To you. not bondage. and I saw Him die. to you who will see the death of loved ones. When returning from the cross. O father. to you who lose fathers. mothers. continued: — 390 ." Here. so that the rabble might gaze at the death of the Son of Man. not tears and groans. as if from night to the light of God. he raised his hand as if commanding. 'Lord. into eternal life. power issued from him. as ye are crying.

the sand steeped in blood." And he opened his arms. O Lord! And Thou commandest these timid ones to form the foundation of Thy holy Zion of their bones. and said. And Thou art pouring the fountain of strength on the weak. oppression. but in this city of Satan wilt Thou fix Thy capital. Thine. Peter. but conscious at last. who has taken His dwelling within you. his face had changed. Bright summer lightning illuminated the interior of the shed. though he knew what would grow out of their tears and blood. and was overspread with serenity. as if speechless from ecstasy. the valleys will be filled with your bodies. excited faces. prayed a long time yet."Ye sow in tears to reap in joy. and ye are His legions! He redeemed with His own blood and torture the sins of the world. "Hosanna!" others. he gazed some time in silence. Some voices cried. still his voice quivered with emotion when he was blessing them with the cross. but after a while they heard his voice. Hosanna! Hosanna!" Those who were timid rose. Here. Oh. he turned his inspired face. O Lord. and now Thou cornmandest me to feed Thy sheep from this spot. True. In fact. be Thou praised in Thy decrees by which Thou commandest to conquer. The stones will be wet from tears. and over peoples of the earth. and the pale. O Lord. And though he knew that they would conquer. "Pro Christo!" Then silence followed. and Thou commandest my spirit to assume rule over it. fixed in a vision. the hearts almost ceased to beat in their breasts. and dost show Thy ways to me. above the walls of cities is the Lord. so He wishes that ye should redeem with torture and blood this nest of injustice. — "Thou art here. The Lord is advancing to the conquest of this city of crime. for they felt that his glance beheld something which their mortal sight could not see. so ye will go to victory in His name. and he said. — "This is how the Lord has overcome doubt in you. where Nero rules to-day. but I say that ye are victorious. Thy eternal kingdom is to stand. Why fear ye the power of evil? Above the earth. to the assembly. Here out of these tears and this blood dost Thou wish to build Thy Church. This He announces to you through my lips. and fixed his eyes upward. into those who doubted streams of faith flowed. full of light. above Rome. so that they become strong. O Christ! Not in Jerusalem. — 391 . and pride. to the end of ages.

but. and when they reached the cottage of Nereus at last." 392 . and called for compassion in that dumb manner. Peter was moved by that pain. Vinicius dared not implore him for anything. "I will pray for her. as ye go to torture. They took the maiden whom thou lovest. Their thoughts were separated from the earth. — take her part. for they were in a hurry." And from pain he trembled like a leaf. and remember that after this life begins another. to their houses. "I know. I am a wretched worm. to eternity." said they. and from them to the prisons and arenas. After what he had heard in the vineyard. "My son. but thou didst know Christ. "We are ready. embracing his feet still more firmly. the servant of Pudens." Nereus. he knew that he alone could rescue her. But Vinicius followed them in the clear night. embracing his feet with both hanbds. he pressed his forehead to them with sobbing. my Son?" asked Peter. guard thyself. he threw himself suddenly at the feet of the Apostle. And they began at once to go out of the shed." They gathered round him and wept." said he. — an eternal one." "Lord. and blessed each one separately."Now I bless you. their souls had taken flight toward eternity. for. Pray for her. He remembered that he had raised her and comforted her. just as a father does children whom he is sending on a long journey." groaned Vinicius. for thou art the vicegerent who performs the office of Christ. "but do thou. he placed his hands on their heads. lay at his feet in like manner imploring pity. hence now he raised Vinicius. recognizing him. O holy head. Implore Him.—"Lord." And thus speaking. knowing the strength of the Apostle. but do thou remember that I told those doubting ones that God Himself passed through the torment of the cross. and they walked on as if in a dream. to death. my children. took the Apostle and led him by a secret path in the vineyard to his house. and he beat the earth with his forehead. in ecstasy opposing that force which was in them to the force and the cruelty of the "Beast. "What dost thou wish. He remembered how on a time Lygia herself. they seized his mantle. when attacked by Crispus.

let Him triple. I will suffer it. look on this aching heart and console it! O merciful Christ. Believe. and prayed earnestly." Again he bowed. that I cannot! If blood is required. he said aloud. distant sound of treadmills near the Via Salaria. — "Thou didst know Christ. by the light of it. Let Him double. "dost thou believe?" "Would I have come hither if I believed not?" answered Vinicius. who didst implore the Father to turn away the bitter cup from Thy mouth. — "O merciful Christ. thou didst bless us. and I will pray with thee. 393 . putting his face to Peter's knees. Vinicius. temper the wind to the fleece of the lamb! O merciful Christ. Hence. stretching his hand toward the stars. but let Him spare her. "Then believe to the end. take her part. She is a child yet. He will give ear to thee. I believe. turn it from the mouth of this Thy servant! Amen. lord. he repeated. — "I am Thine. lord."I know. implore Christ to take mine. take me instead of her. the torment intended for her. catching the air with his pale lips. said. raising his face toward heaven. mightier. waiting sentence of life or death from them. and He is mightier than Caesar." Then. and. — thou didst know Him. groaning." asked the Apostle at last." But Vinicius. and the dull. She is an innocent child yet. Thou didst love her thyself. "but thou seest. I have heard!" answered Vinicius. looked at the lips of the Apostle. In the silence quails were heard calling in the vineyard. — I am a soldier. and pray to Him." The sky began to grow pale in the east. The summer lightning illuminated the sky again. believe that Christ can save her. for faith will remove mountains." Peter closed his lids. though thou wert to see that maiden under the sword of the executioner or in the jaws of a lion. "Vinicitis.

"I will believe in His mercy. he believed. he recalled that night. — "Pardon. growing pale. It seemed to him that he could do things which he had not the power to do the day before. All the pretorian guards taking turn before the Mamertine prison knew him. but a centurion approached him and said. At moments he had an impression that the danger had passed. which he had not felt earlier. but he stifled those voices. and generally they raised not the least difficulty. the line did not open. went to the prison with a heart renewed by hope. and perhaps it is feared that visitors might spread infection through the city. "No. In the prison there are many sick." "But hast thou said that the order was for to-day only?" 394 . Christ will not refuse His first disciple and the pastor of His flock! Christ will not refuse him! I will not doubt!" And he ran toward the prison as a herald of good news. this time. despair and terror were still crying. He began to understand that faith would move mountains. Somewhere in the depth of his soul. however. for he felt in himself a wonderful strength." said he to himself. Every throb of his heart was a prayer then. even though the soul quivered in him and cold sweat drenched his temples. lord. and that holy gray face raised to heaven in prayer. and answered. noble tribune. It seemed to him impossible that the intercession of the vicegerent of God and the power of his prayer should be without effect. "even though I saw her in the jaws of a lion. The soldier looked at him with pity. he feared to doubt. to-day we have a command to admit no one. — "Yes. a command of Caesar." "A command?" repeated Vinicius. He feared to hope. on leaving the Apostle. If despair was heard groaning again in his soul. But there an unexpected thing awaited him." And at this thought.Chapter 53 VINICIUS.

fell asleep during the reading." "The punishment of God was hanging over the Augusta. brother. means as much as death. lord. Vinicius looked at him quickly." He pressed the soldier's hand." answered Vinicius. had returned not long before. making day out of night as usual. "but why dost thou tell me this?" "I tell thee because the anger of Poppaea pursued thee and Lygia. The pileolus ceased to weigh like lead. but I believe in Thy mercy." answered the soldier. and wounded him seriously. and said in a low voice. "I have news for thee. occupied now by her own misfortune. — "I have not seen her to-day. for it seemed to him that the pileolus which he wore was of lead. O Lord. as Vespasian did once." "May His name be praised! I know. he said." 395 . lord. he bent and. He had succeeded. however. Ahenobarbus hurled a goblet at his step-son. knowest thou. I know not whence it came to the mind of the Augusta to bring little Rufius with her."The guards change at noon." said he. "To-day I was with Tullius Senecio. but write a letter. "And I. drew with his long Gallic sword on the flag stone the form of a fish. "Be at rest. the guard and Ursus are watching over her. pointing to the prison. That Christian soldier was for him a new witness of the power of Christ. who. she may leave her vengeance and be more easily influenced. — perhaps to soften the heart of Caesar by his beauty. whom Caesar also visited. all heard how Caesar said. fixing his glance on the rosy clouds above the Capitol and the temple of Jupiter Stator." "Thanks to thee. I will give it to the guard. Meanwhile the soldier approached him. worship Christ. and with its brightness consolation began to enter his heart again. and went away. 'I have enough of this brood!' and that. I will see her this evening and talk with her." At the house he found Petronius. "And thou art a pretorian?" "Till I shall be there." Vinicius was silent and uncovered his head. the child. and. seeing this. wearied by drowsiness. After a while he halted. The morning sun rose over the walls of the prison. Unfortunately." When he had said this. I cannot admit thee to the prison. too. in the twinkle of an eye. Poppaea fainted. in taking his bath and anointing himself for sleep.

and second. through sympathy for him. But they will take other prisons first. "To-day I will speak more or less thus to Augusta. if the order is for to-day alone or till the day of the games. but there is an order to admit no one." "I will discover this evening. on the day of the games." 396 . through pity. Thy lips are blue. for he knew perfectly that since to the request of Aliturus. even were Helios to go to Cimmerian regions from sorrow. that Caesar and Tigellinus had decided to select for themselves and their friends the most beautiful Christian maidens. Thou givest me good news. and defile them before the torture." said he: " 'Save Lygia for Vinicius. to pretorians and beastkeepers. I shall sleep. But now." "Is not the time of the first 'ludus matutinus' announced?" inquired Vinicius. "I wished to visit the prison to-day. first. he strengthened hope in his heart designedly. "In ten days. we will gain time. O Petronius. He hid also." "Thanks to thee. and there is not a shadow of thee left. Thou hast spent the whole night in prison. the others were to be given. The more time that remains to us the better. Caesar had found the splendidly sounding answer in which he compared himself to Brutus. One word spoken to Ahenobarbus at the right moment may save or ruin any one."Thanks to thee. what he had heard at Senecio's." But he did not believe this." answered Vinicius." "But do thou bathe and rest.' And I will think of that seriously. Learn. In the worst case. By Athene! In the greatest straits Odysseus had sleep and food in mind. and to-morrow morning will tell thee for what time and why the order was issued." repeated Vinicius. "Thou wilt thank me best if thou eat and sleep. there was no rescue for Lygia. I will save Ruflus for thee. of course?" "No. — not with a face deformed and black from pain and watching. because he wished that if Vinicius had to die. he should die beautiful. All is not lost yet. Knowing that Vinicius would not survive Lygia in any case. and do thou follow my example.

After a while he returned with a greeting from Lygia. through the Clivus Argentarius to the Forum. He himself was resting near Lygia. When he had finished. but we cannot wake her. and crowds of people flowed in. It seemed to him that he was carrying Lygia in his arms at night through a strange vineyard. He raised his head still a number of times. He showed Peter Lygia. soothsayers offered their services to passers-by. with great rustle of wings. Soon dreams came. but Vinicius went to the library and wrote a letter to Lygia. crowds of idlers betook themselves to the porticos of the temples. Then the pictures began to change. From excess of light and the influence of bustle. and said. and the measured tread of soldiers. who carried it at once to the prison. as usual. at the threshold of the cottage stood Peter. sighed like a child drowsy after long weeping. and dropped asleep. 397 . and great weariness. and took in the prison with his eyes. Then still greater disorder involved his visions. "We are coming from the arena." answered the Apostle. while a multitude of other Augustians were sitting at the feast. which Petronius was washing and he saw Tigellinus sprinkling ashes on tables covered with costly dishes. the eyes of Vinicius began to close. from under which flew from moment to moment. The monotonous calls of boys playing mora. Lygia begged him to take her away. and Vitelius devouring those dishes. wake her thou. The sun had risen high in the heavens. As the heat increased. but between the tables walked lions from out whose yellow manes trickled blood. or tell the latest news to one another. and followed Pomponia till they reached a cottage. and finally all fell into perfect darkness. but so terrible a weakness had seized him that he could not even move. heat. Hucksters called out their wares. but sat on a stone and waited for Lygia's letter. Before him was Pomponia Graecina lighting the way with a lamp. Vinicius did not wish to return home. A voice. and promised to deliver her answer that day. as it were of Petronius called from afar to him. and Poppaea holding in her arms little Ruflus with bleeding head. citizens walked with deliberate steps toward the rostra to hear orators of the day." "Christ himself will come to wake her. lord. "Turn back!" but he did not mind the call. he took it himself to the Christian centurion. lulled him to sleep. whose white feathers glistened in the sunlight and in the blue of the sky. then he leaned against a Stone. Through the dream he saw Nero. flocks of doves.They separated.

" Vinicius. of a power before which everything trembled. grasping the edge of the litter and looking him straight in the eyes. "Young man. pushed aside the throng with long staffs. with fear. hence the old Greek's alarm vanished quickly. thinking that he was dreaming yet. he drew back his head and raised the papyrus quickly. "be greeted. approached the litter. crying. wearing yellow tunics. The Augustian put down his roll of papyrus and bent his head. "A greeting to thee. crying and making room for a splendid litter which was carried by four stalwart Egyptian slaves. But there was no threat in the eyes of Vinicius. and shouts given forth right there around the place where he was sitting. "Make way for the noble Angustian!" cried the runners." answered the Greek. In the litter was sitting Chio. — "Didst thou betray Lygia?" "Colossus of Memnon!" cried Chio. with an emaciated face and body bent by suffering. Meanwhile the runners had opened the way. with pride and importance. said with a lowered voice. the noble Tigellinus. The street was swarming with people. In the litter sat a man in white robes. who in one moment understood many things which till then had been incomprehensible. endeavoring to give his face an expression of calmness which was not in his soul. and the Egyptians were ready to move. Vinicius rubbed his eyes.He was roused from deep sleep at last by the heat of the sun. — "Push aside those wretches! Make haste!" Seeing Vinicius suddenly. Vinicius drew his hand across his forehead. — that is. but detain me not. whose face was not easily seen. when the young tribune. He remembered that he was under the protection of Tigellinus and of Caesar himself. — that he was surrounded by sturdy slaves. for he held close to his eyes a roll of papyrus and was reading something diligently. 398 . and that Vinicins stood before him unarmed. But the street was so crowded that the litter had to wait awhile. O Chio!" said he. but two runners. for I am hastening to my friend.

when I was dying of hunger." The Greek raised his head. — "Make way for the litter of the noble Chilo Chionides! Make way. and the slaves. didst give command to flog me. — "Friend. said so loudly that all could hear him." For a moment both were silent. when I receive guests and clients after my bath. began to cry as they brandished their staffs. at that sign the Egyptians raised the litter. He fixed on Vinicius his eyes. which were surrounded by red lids. — "I wronged thee. and whispered in answer. if thou hast a petition to present. snapping his fingers which in Rome was a mark of slight and contempt.At this thought his insolence returned to him." And he waved his hand. Chio. come to my house on the Esquiline in the morning hour. then the dull voice of Vinicius was heard. — "But thou. dressed in yellow tunics. make way!" 399 . and.

to tell him that she was living. she entreated that they too be pres‡nt. With the confidence of a child she assured Vinicius that immediately after her suffering in the arena she would tell Christ that her betrothed Marcus had remained in Rome.Chapter 54 LYGIA. There was only one request in it connected with affairs of earth. Her whole letter breathed happiness and immense hope. and that separation from life in which all the prisoners lived. but at the same time it seemed to him impossible that Lygia should perish under the claws of wild beasts. She knew that no one was permitted to enter the prison. He has promised me to thee by the lips of the Apostle. and that she was happy. therefore I am rhine. he wrote that he would come every day to the walls of the Tullianum to wait till Christ crushed the walls and restored her. that she did not remember her torments. "frees me in this life or after death. "Whether Christ. and to be at the games. in a long letter written hurriedly. He read this letter with a suffering spirit. for she wished to see him once more in life. and not to let himself be overcome by suffering. He commanded her to believe 400 . Every word of her showed ecstasy. arid at the same time an unshaken faith that all promises would be fulfilled beyond the grave. 1And she thought that Christ would permit her soul." She implored him not to grieve for her. She begged him therefore to discover when the turn of the Mamertine prisoners would come. where they would find liberation from imprisonment. perhaps. She wrote that she and the othcrs were longing for the arena. took farewell to Vinicius forever. and that she could see Vinicius only from the arena. No fear was evident in her letter." wrote she. But just in that were hidden hope and trust. and that Christ would not take compassion on her. For her death was not a dissolution of marriage. When he returned home. to return to him for a moment. that he was longing for her with his whole heart. She hoped f or the coming of Pomponia and Aulus. — that Vinicius should take her body from the spoliarium and bury it as that of his wife in the tomb in which he himself would rest sometime.

" The young tribune stood some time with drooping head. approached him first." Vinicius placed his hand on the soldier's shoulder to guard himself from falling. and Christ will give back health to her. thinking. for the sickness which has saved her from shame may save her from death. and that the hour of liberation was near. has shown thee favor. his mother. that the great Apostle was imploring Him to do so. if the anger of the father is not pursuing thee. Christ. who enlightened thee. and they left her. and blessed be the name of the Redeemer. "Thou hart offended. however. but our Lord sent her a fever. — how thou wilt act?" 401 . Who knows but it is their vengeance which has struck thee? Who knows but the life of Ruflus depends on this. Thou." said he to her. but the other continued. that if she did save him it might be only to perish soon by a more dreadful death. "a new. lord. but. Christ. now he went to her a second time. Last night Caesar's freedman and those of the prefect came to select Christian maidens for disgrace. The converted centurion was to bear this letter to her on the morrow. she would not even hear of Vinicius and Lygia. but the Christians maintain that Chrestos is his son. with despair and terror in her heart. of the Hebrew Jehovah. — "True. then. They may give her now to thee. unknown divinity. seeing that he was dying. centurion. he returned home te send people for Linus and have him taken to one of his suburban villas. will save her from death. He found her at the bed of little Ruflus. and said. was trying to save him. it seems. Reflect. He had visited the Augusta. Occupied exclusively with her own suffering. they inquired for thy betrothed. Augusta. he determined to act also. But when Petronius had heard everything. — "Thank the mercy of the Lord! They took and tortured Linus. — "Listen to me. the centurion left the rank. The child with broken head was struggling in a fever. who saved her from shame. even in the Circus. then raised it and said in a whisper. they surrendered him. but Petronius terrified her. Last evening she was unconscious." And sitting at the wall of the prison till evening. art a worshipper. But when Vinicius came to the prison next morning. of which prisoners are dying in the Tullianum.that Christ could give her to him.

looking at him with eyes in which fever was glittering. "Thou canst do something else. Then they approached Ruflus. and give command to free that maiden. and returning to Vinicius he said to him. in despair." said Vinicius." thought he. Poppaea. who for the recovery of Ruflus was willing to burn hecatombs to all the gods of the world. maybe thou wilt soften Him by thy wish alone. for should she survive. the other." "How?" "Lygia is sick. "At last I have done something. stunned the old woman with the first blow. — "Implore thy God that Lygia die not of the fever. influence Caesar or Tigellinus to give her to Vinicius. But on the Palatine sentence had been issued against the child already. I merely say to thee. she must die. "I have not come as His envoy. Roman and foreign." "I will go!" said Poppaea. seizing a bronze statue of the Sphinx. If Lygia recovers. Petronius drew a deep breath. The chief vestal will not refuse thee. Go thou to the temple of Vesta." "Dost thou think that I can do that?" asked she. O divinity."What dost thou wish me to do?" asked Poppaea. went that same evening through the Forum to the vestals. by whom she herself had been reared." "Christ will free her. leaving care over the sick child to her faithful nurse. with terror. not knowing what was passing around him. for barely had Poppaea's litter vanished behind the great gate when two freedmen entered the chamber in which her son was resting. Be on better terms with all the gods." "But if Lygia dies of the fever?" "The Christians say that Christ is vengeful. and ask the Virgo magna to happen near the Tullianum at the moment when they are leading prisoners out to death. but just. One of these threw himself on old Silvia and gagged her. "Mollify the offended deities. Silvia. smiled at them. The Augusta herself will ask her to do so. 402 ." Petronius shrugged his shoulders. tormented with fever and insensible. the chief vestal will give command to free her. with a broken voice. The little boy." "Let Him give me some sign that will heal Ruflus.

she came and sat with stony face. Poppaea. and sitting on horses which were waiting.and blinked with his beautiful eyes. where they threw the body into the sea. arraying herself in an amethyst-colored tunic. Then they wound him in a sheet. and when they restored her she began to scream. returned soon to the Palatine. and died easily. golden-haired. not finding the virgo magna. 403 . wonderful. she fainted. silent. Seeing the empty bed and the cold body of Silvia. as if trying to recognize the men. The child called once for his mother. they put it around his neck and pulled it. her wild cries were heard all that night and the day following. Stripping from the nurse her girdle. But Caesar commanded her to appear at a feast on the third day. so. and as ominous as an angel of death. who with other vestals was at the house of Vatinius. hurried to Ostia.

but pieces of bloody flesh had been pushed before them to rouse their rage and hunger all the more. But Nero. The beasts had not been fed for two days. Wonders were told concerning pillars inlaid with bronze. for the games were to surpass all previous ones in splendor and the number of victims. and among them a gigantic one. for which they began. Among the rows of seats were disposed vessels for the burning of Arabian perfumes. and transmarmne tortoise-shells. the hoarse growls of panthers. and the most sensitive grew pale from fear. mother of pearl. had given command to build several. throngs of the populace were awaiting from daylight the opening of the gates. listening with delight to the roars of lions. to bring by sea and the Tiber great trunks of trees cut on the slopes of Atlas. Thousands of mechanics worked at the structure night and day. 404 . amphitheatres in Rome were built of wood mainly. the day when the ludus matutinus was to begin. and the howls of dogs. for that reason nearly all of them had burned during the fire. even during the greatest heat. Hence. Large spaces were given therefore for people and for animals. The renowned builders Severus and Celer put forth all their skill to construct an amphitheatre at once incomparable and fitted for such a number of the curious as none of those known before had been able to accommodate. They built and ornamented without rest. A gigantic purple velarium gave shelter from the rays of the sun. amber. Canals filled with ice-cold water from the mountains and running along the seats were to keep an agreeable coolness in the building. above them were fixed instruments to sprinkle the spectators with dew of saffron and verbena. ivory. At times such a storm of wild voices was raised that people standing before the Circus could not converse. for the celebration of the promised games.Chapter 55 BEFORE the Flavii had reared the Colosseum. immediately after the fire was extinguished.

they roused to delight people who loved shapely forms. New arrivals drew away the attention of the throngs. people grew animated and joyous. Their bodies. through which many of them were never to come forth again. selecting the maiden most beautiful. the beasts would grow tired. Leo! A greeting. men armed with scourges. they. in the light of morning. sending kisses. and not from one place. Early in the morning larger or smaller detachments of gladiators began to arrive at the amphitheatre under the lead of masters. but they doubted that it would be possible to finish in a single day those Christians who had been intended for that one occasion. were strong as if chiselled from marble. Furnius! A greeting. The people heard these with amazement. answered with jests. that is. whole rows of vehicles on which were piled 405 . Others however talked about gladiators who were to appear in the arena earlier than the Christians. beautiful. and children singing the morning hymn were so numerous that spectators of experience asserted that even if one or two hundred persons were sent out at once. Others declared that an excessive number of victims in the arena would divert attention. shining from olive oil. "Embrace me before death does!" Then they vanished in the gates. others of Thracians. women. As the moment drew near for opening the vomitoria. Next mules drew. or passages which led to the interior. and not tear all to pieces before evening. they entered unarmed. often with green boughs in their hands. they discussed and disputed about various things touching the spectacle. as if no care weighed on them. whose office it was to lash and urge forward combatants. Diomed!" Young maidens raised to them eyes full of admiration. Here and there bets were made. It was known in the crowd that the spectacles would continue through weeks and months. "The Christians! the Christians!" In fact. and full of life. but a few from each prison. Many were known personally. or exclaiming. and again there were parties. or crowned with flowers. in the direction of the spoliarium. Behind the gladiators came mastigophori. Not wishing to be wearied too soon.With the rising of the sun were intoned in the enclosure of the Circus hymns resonant but calm. and said one to another. often entirely naked. called lanistiae. others of Gauls. others of the retiarii. Maximus! A greeting. and from moment to nioment were heard: "A greeting. some in favor of Samnites. young. Parties were formed praising the greater efficiency of lions or tigers in tearing. many detachments of Christians had been brought to the amphitheatre that night. become sated. The voices of men. and not give a chance to enjoy the spectacle properly. others of Mirmillons. as planned at first.

whom every Caesar had always at hand in the amphitheatre. till it was a marvel that the Circus could hold such a countless multitude. having Vinicius in his litter. officials of the government and the palace. the spectators made an uproar like the sea in time of storm. he was not even sure that she was not among the victims intended for the first day of spectacles. The roars of wild beasts. At last the vomitoria were opened. the white and varied colored stuffs. after that slaves to bear around food and refreshments. pretorians. finally. ediles. others by crowds of slaves. and no man could 406 . People were diverted at sight of this. Petronius arrived among the Augustians. and exquisite ladies. and as the former guards had been replaced by new ones who were not permitted to speak with the jailers or even to communicate the least information to those who came to inquire about prisoners. steel of the maces. of pretorian officers. feathers. earrings. They might send out even a sick woman for the lions. no spectator could be certain that one more or less might not be among them. From the Circus came shouts with which the people greeted great dignitaries. But such was the number of those assembled that they flowed in and flowed in for hours. the prefect of the city came. consuls. Finally. preceded by lictors. catching the exhalations of people. jewels. who. Now marched in men who were to kill the wounded. inferring from the number of coffins the greatness of the spectacle. and crowds rushed to the centre. patricians. came soon. in company with the Augusta and Augustians. surrounded by guards. these were dressed so that each resembled Charon or Mercury.wooden coffins. and wishing to win them by promptness. grew louder. but as access to the prison had been forbidden most strictly during the preceding days. Next came those who looked after order in the Circus. Some litters were preceded by lictors bearing maces in bundles of rods. In the sun gleamed the gilding of the litters. appeared the litters of senators. To begin the spectacle. and assigned places. though she were unconscious. But since the victims were to be sewed up in skins of wild beasts and sent to the arena in crowds. The priests of various temples came somewhat later. While taking their places. The latter knew that Lygia was sick and unconscious. only after them were brought in the sacred virgins of Vesta. pretors. Small divisions of pretorians arrived from time to time. they were waiting now only for Caesar. unwilling to expose the people to over-long waiting. and after him. in unbroken line.

and the shouts of people in the amphitheatre. it may be." "Are there many?" asked Vinicius. the howling of dogs. and give her at night into the hands of a confidant of Vinicius. and a bargain made with the beast-keepers to hide Lygia in some dark corner. lord. We inquired for a maiden named Lygia. But from beneath the skins appeared bright faces and eyes which in the darkness gleamed with delight and feverishness. looked at him with eyes as if roused from sleep. who would take her at once to the Alban Hills. exclusive and beyond the earth. — "I know not. The jailers and all the servants of the amphitheatre had been bribed. but low and dark. when his eyes had grown used to the gloom. Petronius. he was to point out Lygia to the guards personally. he heard only the murmur of voices in the room. But here and there children were crying." Cyrus opened a door and entered as it were an enormous chamber. led him at once to the Christians. and the forms of 407 . Those were Christians sewed up in skins of beasts. The guards admitted him through a small door by which they came out themselves. One of these. others smiled at him. Women. and after he had entered to disappear in the throng and hurry to the vaults. "Many. had to wait till to-morrow. but no one gave us answer.recognize any one. At first Vinicius could see nothing. the uproar of people. Here and there one might divine by the long hair flowing over the skin that the victim was a woman. Some of them were standing. carried in their arms children sewed up in equally shaggy coverings. resembling wolves and bears. Some. lord. for the light came in only through grated openings which separated it from the arena. where. advised Vinicius to go with him openly to the amphitheatre. others were kneeling in prayer. looking like wolves. admitted to the secret. though. that they do not trust us. It was evident that the greater number of those people were mastered by one thought. that thou wilt find what thou art seeking." "Are there sick ones among them?" "There were none who could not stand. without answering his questions. placing a finger on their lips or pointing to the iron grating through which bright streaks of light entered. frightened by the roaring of beasts. named Cyrus. — a thought which during life made them indifferent to everything which happened around them and which could meet them. he saw crowds of strange beings. when asked by Vinicius about Lygia. to avoid possible mistake. But after a time. On the way he said.

inquired. The Lord showed mercy sufficient when He let Himself be nailed to the cross. for the jaws of hell are open. but not your sins. were heard voices: "We bewail our sins!" Then came silence. After his words. that Peter would have spoken otherwise to those about to die. But whoso thinks by death itself to redeem his sins commits a fresh sin. Whoso among you has thought to extinguish his sins by suffering. searched. and will be hurled into endless fire. and only the cry of children was audible. who had placed all his hope in the mercy of Christ. he shook them above the bent heads. He listened for a while. The nearness of that torture. but the Lord will find His own. the stifling air. Bewail your sins. the heat. parents and children.their own parents who looked like wild beasts. Through his head shot. and the beating of hands against breasts. Soon ye will stand before the awful Judge in whose presence the good will hardly be justified. and the hour of God's wrath has come. Vinicius as he walked by the side of Cyrus looked into faces. The blood of Vinicius stiffened in his veins. "for the moment is near. who will leave no fault unpunished. Light fell on the face of the speaker. and Vinicius recognized under the skin of a wolf the emaciated and implacable countenance of Crispus. to which in a while all those doomed peopic wcre to go. woe to you. and. and that even death in the arena would not obtain mercy. but thenceforth He will be only the judge. and pushed farther into the dark depth of the room. the claws of the lions will rend your bodies. heard now that the day of wrath had come. Mercy is at an end. turned. woe to you. went near. and the throng of victims arrayed for death already." And stretching forth his bony hands. for he seemed to hear near the grating a voice known to him. the thought. which seemed to be as spacious as a whole amphitheatre. He. husbands and wives. it is true. has blasphemed against God's justice. With every sin committed in life ye have renewed the Lord's suffering. and will sink all the dccpcr. how dare ye think that that life which awaits you will redeem this one? To-day the just and the sinner will die the same death. nor your reckoning with God. at times stumbled against bodies of people who had fainted from the crowd. pushing through the crowd. beyond which was the field of torture. But he stopped on a sudden. he was unterrifled and implacable even in the presence of death. "Mourn for your sins!" exclaimed Crispus. Woe to you. filled his soul with 408 . clear and swift as lightning. Still those terrible words of Crispus filled with fanaticism that dark chamber with its grating.

but I will return to the Circus and see. lord. lord. disguised as a slave. and said. the day before they imprisoned me. if not they. All this seemed to him dreadful. it would be easier for me to die. he began to call Lygia and Ursus aloud. I saw her sick on the couch. "The quarryman in whose hut the Apostle baptized thee. They imprisoned me three days ago. pulled his toga." "Thanks to thee. in the hope that. and said. and betook himself to the amphitheatre. then thou wilt find him with thy eyes. In fact. and to-day I die. When entering. and said. The odor and heat began to stifle him. Look thou at me when ye enter the arena. they remained in prison." Vinicius was relieved. If I could look at him in the moment of death and see the sign of the cross. — "Lord. lord. I was the last one brought our. some man. clothed as a bear. — "He is among the people of Petronius. some one knowing them would answer. I know not where they chose their places. now he was ready to thank Christ that she was not there. he had wished to find Lygia. 409 . and to see in that a sign of mercy. lord." "I saw him later. that I conducted thee to the vineyard of Cornelius.fear and terror. If thou know where he is. He was seized by fear that he would faint like those against whose bodies he had stumbled while searching in the depth of the apartment. — "Dost remember." "Who art thou?" inquired Viniciug. so when he remembered that they might open the grating any moment. He blessed me." "May the Redeemer be merciful to thee. I will rise and turn my face toward them. when the Apostle discoursed in the shed?" "I remember. and peace be with thee. where he had a place near Petronius among the other Augustians. and a hundred times more ghastly than the bloodiest battle in which he had ever taken part. inform me." "Amen." Vinicius lowered his voice. Meanwhile the quarryman pulled his toga again." Vinicius went out of the cuniculum. cold sweat came out on his forehead. and said that he would come to the amphitheatre to bless the perishing.

sang. and on both sides were vestal virgins. men wearing helmets without an opening for the eyes. in which various Northern and Southern barbarians excelled. and wealthy in Rome. the arena will become like butcher's shambles too early. The lower seats. Their further conversation was interrupted by Tullius Senecio."Is she there?" inquired Petronius. Usually a spectacle was begun by hunts of wild beasts. — that is. and they stamped with impatience to hasten the spectacle. in truth. Then the prefect of the city. but while listening look at Nigidia for example. and unbroken. great officials. so that we may seem to talk of her hair-dressing. Tigellinus and Chilo are looking at us now. thou divinest the rest?" "Yes. Listen then." said Tullius. But what a splendid amphitheatre!" The sight was. but the crowd were amused by the awkward motions of the swordsmen. called to one another. lilies. When it happened that they 410 . all that was powerful. so they began with andabates. "if not. A number of these came into the arena together. the scourgers with long forks pushed some toward others to make them meet. wearing a diamond collar and a golden crown on his head." "Hear what has occurred to me. and slashed at random with their swords. — "Do ye know whether they will give weapons to the Christians?" "We do not." answered Petronius. hence fighting blindfold. who rode around the arena with a brilliant retinue. ivy. In the gilded podium sat Caesar. but this time they had too many beasts. next to him sat the beautiful and gloomy Augusta. who. People conversed aloud." answered Vinicius. "I should prefer that arms were given. bending toward them. "No. — in a word. she remained in prison. which was answered throughout the amphitheatre by "A-a-a!" from thousands of breasts. At last the stamping became like thunder. senators with embroidered togas. at times they broke into laughter at some witty word which was sent from row to row. and grapevines. gave a signal with a handkerchief. brilliant. above which from pillar to pillar hung festoons of roses. and higher up darkened in rows a sea of common heads. magnificent. In the farther rows sat knights. Let them put Lygia in a coffin at night and carry her out of the prison as a corpse. crowded with togasae were as white as snow. The more select of the audience looked with contempt and indifference at this spectacle. asked. officers of the army with glittering weapons.

and more than one made audible vows to the gods to gain their protection for a favorite. Thousands of eyes were turned to the great bolts. when money failed them. In fact. From above to below were seen excited faces. and giving their left hands to each other. which a man approached dressed like Charon. Gauls. they burst out in loud laughter. out of which gladiators began to appear in the bright arena. They came in divisions of twentyfive. and amid the universal silence struck three times with a hammer. however. senators. these were pushed together. especially in the case of men who had their faces covered and were unknown. during this contest young patricians made enormous bets at times. and last the retiarii. when the shrill sound of trumpets was heard. misleading the opponents frequently by design. youths raked away the bloody traces on the sand and sprinkled it with leaves of saffron. begging mercy by that sign. the populace bet. and open 411 . struggled to the death with their right. Straightway from hand to hand went tablets on which were written names of favorites. here and there on the benches rose applause. all heavily armed. which soon turned into one immense and unbroken storm. — rousing interest not only in the herd. both fell on the sand. but in exquisites. but among betters were also those who risked considerably on gladiators who were new and quite unknown. each nation separately. Then. People of the crowd. Whoever fell raised his fingers. "Spectati" — that is. and when at last only two remained. The determined combatants cast aside their shields. They waited with heart-beating and even with fear for the combatants. clapping hands. Now a more important contest was to come. and stabbed each other mutually. Samnites. as if summoning to death those who were hidden behind them. Gradually the number of combatants decreased. amid cries of "Peractum est!" servants carried out the bodies. holding in one hand a net. hoping to win immense sums should these conquer.met with their shoulders. and the struggle began to be bloody. there was a stillness of expectation in the amphitheatre. At sight of them. vestals. often losing all they owned. Thracians. knights bet. A number of pairs closed. but in the beginning of a spectacle the audience demanded death usually for the wounded. Mirmilons. Caesar himself bet. "To the right!" "To the left!" cried they. priests. showing a black gully. so as not to part again. Then both halves of the gate opened slowly. in the other a trident. bet their own freedom frequently. and also the number of sestertia which each man wagered on his favorite. champions who had appeared already on the arena and gained victories — found most partisans.

Among the spectators people began to bet. — "Ave. waving the net with graceful movement. stately. lowering or raising his trident. "Five hundred sestertia on the Gaul!" "Five hundred on Calendio!" "By Hercules. wholly naked save a belt around his loins. and courage of opponents were best exhibited. statuesque. piscem peto. and standing in one place began to turn with barely a slight movement. In fact. reaching the centre of the arena. one thousand!" "Two thousand!" Meanwhile the Gaul. from among the Gauls appeared a champion. and. a victor in many games. the combatants stretched their right hands upward. and in mail which formed a ridge in front of his powerful breast and behind. proud. Caesar imperator! Morituri te salutant!" Then they pushed apart quickly. — "Non te peto. 10. With a great helmet on his head."I seek not thee. and brilliant. the light retiarius. I seek a fish. They were to attack one another in whole detachments. The shrill sound of a horn stopped the applause. Why flee from me O Gaul?" 412 . but first it was permitted the most famous fencers to have a series of single combats. from which shouts burst forth. lowering his head. calm. watched his opponent carefully through the opening of his visor. so as to have his enemy always in front. dexterity. circled quickly about his heavy antagonist. he looked in the gleam of the golden arena like a giant beetle. occupying their places on the arena. The spectators understood perfectly that that heavy body encased in bronze was preparing for a sudden throw to decide the battle. for after a while he stopped. began to withdraw with pointed sword. Galle?"10 But the Gaul was not fleeing. raised their eyes and heads toward Caesar. in his form and monstrously large head there was now something terrible.mouths. The gladiators encircled the whole arena with even and springy tread. gleaming with their weapons and rich outfit. in which the strength. The no less famous retiarius Calendio came out against him. they halted before Caesar's podium. and singing the usual song of the retiarius. well known to lovers of the amphitheatre under the name of Lanio. and began to cry or rather to chant with drawling voice. Quid me fugis.

but the retiarius looked only at the box of Caesar and the vestals. The Gaul summoned his strength. At the cost of his blood he had filled their purses. To the misfortune of the fallen gladiator. turning where he stood. turned his head toward the arena. but for this very reason animosity against the Gaul vanished from their hearts. the latter with equal quickness shot past under his sword. ran the trident between the knees of the aepponaentae and brought him to the earth. and. On the upper seats half the signs were for death. so regularly and with such precision in thcir movements. caught it on his shield. but of exhibiting skill. He made one more effort. and threw the net. and sprang forward to give the final blow. then both sprang apart. "Bear on!" The Gaul obeyed. escaped the thrust. in vain! He raised to his head his falling hand which could hold the sword no longer. and half for mercy. straightened himself with raised arm.The retiarius meanwhile sprang up to him. those who held bets against him. but the Gaul did not quiver. and attacked. That instant Calendio. The Gaul waited. rested on his arm. The voices of the audience were divided. in which he was entangled more and more by every niovemeilt of his feet and hands. waiting for what they would decide. and his net dropped. who at first had been talking with Rubria. then sprang away. and so far had not paid much attention to thc spectacle. Nero 413 . and tried to rise. who feigned inability to wield the net. and followed the masterly play of the gladiators. not wishing the champion to rest. resting both hands on the handle of it. The spectators held the breath in their breasts. The arm of the retiarius was covered on a sudden with blood. sprang aside. The Gaul. They began to struggle again. and fell on his back. Calendio pressed his neck to the ground with the trident. The Gaul tried to rise. In the amphitheatre shouts of "Macte!" thundered. not on the trident. like a bird of ill omen. giving proof by this of his gigantic strength. making with his three-toothed fork motions so quick that the eye hardly followed them. All his attention seemed fixed. but in a twinkle he was covered by the fatal meshes. For those who had bet on Calendio he was at that moment greater than Caesar. turned toward Caesar's box. in the lower rows they began to make new bets. began to cry. chose the moment. and rushed at last on his enemy. The whole Circus was trembling from plaudits and the roar of people. Caesar himself. that sometimes it seemed that with them it was not a question of life or death. The sound of the teeth on the shield was heard repeatedly. pushed toward the edge of the arena. Meanwhile stabs of the trident fixed him time after time to the earth. The Gaul escaping twice more from the net. but the net which was circling above his head.

swords were buried in breasts and in stomachs. roared. drew a short knife from his belt. cried for rescue. like a stabbed bullock. sprang over rows of seats. and fell. Calendio knelt on the breast of the Gaul. urged on the combatants. and other pairs appeared. which. After them came a battle of whole detachments. "Peractum est!" sounded voices in the amphitheatre. To the victors were given rewards. a battle began. sated their eyes with the sight of it. hence he thrust his hand out of the podium. for at the last ganies before the fire he had bet against the Gaul. and intoxicated with death breathed it. breast struck breast. almost every man. olives. they struck against armor and shields. took various objects and threw them with both hands among the seats. fought with the rage of wild beasts. The conquered lay dead. — crowns. and was motionless. wine. People crowded. The people devoured. but the scourgers drove them back again quickly to the battle with lashes tipped with lead. dressed as Cupids. and eyes. When lottery tickets were distributed. and drew into their lungs the exhalations of it with ecstasy. The audience took part in it with soul. divided into two legions. stifled one another in the terrible crush. When hunger and thirst had been satisfied. bodies were intertwined in a death grapple. pushed apart the armor around the neck of his opponent. The living fought on the corpses. The vestals supported the sign at once. hundreds of slaves bore around baskets full of gifts. they fled. and drove the three-edged blade into his throat to the handle. Barely a few wounded knelt in the middle of the arena. The audience lost selfcommand from delight. Perfumes were burned in vases.did not like him. and trembling stretched their hands to the audience with a prayer for mercy. dug the sand with his heels. roasted meats. tearing themselves from the turmoil. from which boys. Cooling drinks were served. and had lost considerable sums to Licinus. and fruits. threw. applauded. Mercury had no need to try with heated iron if her were living yet. strong limbs cracked in their joints. On the sand great dark spots were formed. pale lips threw blood on to the sand. And a moment of rest came. and shouted in honor of Caesar. olive wreaths. cut their feet against broken weapons. since whoever got a lucky number might win 414 . heart. laughed. and turned his thumb toward the earth. Toward the end such terrible fear seized some novices that. trampled one another. They howled. to incline him to greater bounteousness. Sprinklers scattered saffron and violet rain on the people. He was hidden away quickly. sweet cakes. at command of the all-powerful Caesar. The gladiators on the arena. more and more naked and armed bodies lay stretched like grain sheaves. was turned into a feast. The Gaul quivered a time. grew wild. stretched. talked. whistled.

his lips were blue. Caesar. That is why thou canst not endure.possibly a house with a garden. People began to leave 415 . thou wilt destroy what is best in thee." "Thou Maeotian copper-nose!" "Thou Ligurian mule!" "Thy skin is itching. "He is not to blame that instead of a heart he has a piece of cheese in his breast. and squeeze his fists till the nails entered his palms. The Augustians amused themselves now with the spectacle of Chilo. as if with a certain effort. "Wouldst thou not like to be a dog and bite them?" "I should not like to be thy brother. But in vain did the unfortunate Greek wrinkle his brow. a slave. "Thou art not to blame that instead of a head thou hast a bladder. and a trembling seized his body. amid universal laughter. He was silent for a moment. his forehead was dotted with drops of sweat. his eyes turned in." said Senccio. But the more wealthy took no part in the fight for tesseraae. but in one thing thou hast blundered: the gods created thee a pickpocket. his teeth began to chatter. "Maybe thou wilt become a gladiator! thou wouldst look well with a net on the arena. At the end of the battle he recovered somewhat. said coldly." retorted Chilo. and he defended himself desperately. Greek! the sight of torn skin on a man is beyond thy strength!" said Vatinius. If thou scratch thy own pimple." "If I should catch thee in it." The old man looked at him with his red eyes." Meanwhile the trumpets announced the end of the interval. philosopher. clapping his hands. His Greek nature and his personal cowardice were unable to endure such sights. For this reason there were such disorders that frequently the pretorians had to interfere. "Macte!" and urged them on. but when they attacked him with tongues. — "This is well. "Ha. He defended himself venomously. from Liguria." And in this manner they attacked him. or a wild beast which he could sell to the amphitheatre afterward. gnaw his lips. and with making sport of his vain efforts to show that he could look at fighting and blood-spilling as well as any man." "Macre! habet (Good! he has caught it!)!" called a number of voices. and some were even trampled to death in the throng. touching the Greek's shoulder with his carved ivory cane. His face grew pale. and. repeated. I should catch a stinking hoopoe. and after every distribution they carried out people with brnken arms or legs. sudden anger seized him. but this time somehow he did not find a ready insult. — "I shall endure. so I cannot mend it. but others jeered on. and thou hast become a demon. a splendid dress. then answered. but I don't advise thee to ask me to scratch it. taking him by the beard. — "My father was not a cobbler. evidently. Chilo bared his last two yellow teeth at him and answered. After a while Pertronius approached." "And how will it be with the Christians?" asked Festus." "Scratch thyself.

The throng. The spectators. and no one knew how the Christians would bear themselves. From out the shaggy assembly singing voices were raised. and committed the vilest crimes. somewhat feverishly. passing wifh slow step across the arena amid silence. and. throw empty wine-vessels. they were waiting for uncommon scenes. usually gladsome. and in those gleams. Faces had a sullen expression. whistle. and if any fear possessed people's hearts. The condemned sang with 11. had filled the amphitheatre with blood-colored light. and the amphitheatre returned to order. Now the prefect gave a sign. they had cursed the whole human race. Throughout the amphitheatre was heard the deep murmur. passing through the purple velarium. They had drunk the blood of infants. through the dark openings were heard the usual cries of the scourgers. and poisoned water. there was something terrible. The uproar ceased after a time. its rays. all waited with a certain curiosity. The same old man appeared. they knelt one by another with raised heads. became moody under the influence of hate and silence. and enraged by such cowardice. Meanwhile the sun had risen high.the passages where they had assembled to straighten their legs and converse. All ran quickly. and shout. "To the sand!" and in one moment the arena was peopled with crowds as it were of satyrs covered with skins. The disposition of the audience was attentive but unfriendly. — "The Christians! the Christians!" The iron gratings creaked. Those people who were to appear had burned Rome and its ancient treasures. as well as in thae empty arcna1 which after a time waae to be filled with the torture of people and the rage of savage beasts. Senators and patricians hastened to their places. bones from which the flesh had been eaten. he struck three times again on the door. "Christus regnat!"11 Astonishment seized the spectators. reaching the middle of the circle. A general movement set in with the usual dispute about seats occupied previously. who had called the gladiators to death. "The beasts! the beasts!" But all at once something unexpected took place.Christ reigns 416 . began to stamp. The sand assumed a fiery hue. On the arena a crowd of people appeared whose work was to dig out here and there lumps of sand formed with stiffened blood. judging this to be a prayer for pity. The harshest punishment did not suffice the roused hatred. Death and terror seemed hovering in the air. But since that was a new spectacle for people. The turn of the Christians was at hand. dressed as Charon. in the faces of people. and. and then sounded that hynm heard for the first time in a Roman amphitheatre. it was this: that the torture of thae Christiam would not equal the guilt of those ominous criminals.

Amidst the howling and whining were heard yet plaintive voices of men and women: "Pro Christo! Pro Christo!" but on the arena were formed quivering masses of the bodies of dogs and people. Dogs dragged from each other the bloody limbs of people. A thousand voices began to call. Their howls and whines filled the amphitheatre. — gigantic. The audience ceased to howl. and that perchance Lygia was among the victims. The audience saw faces pale. or Caesar. When the Christians had finished their hymn. as if wishing to go among the spectators. and into the arena rushed. The people were angry. catching the odor of people under the skins of beasts. motionless. did not rush on them at once. and who is that Christus who reigns in the mouths of those people who are about to die?" But meanwhile a new grating was opened. others urged them on in every language. the audience. they remained kneeling. and filled the whole Circus. but when he heard 417 . and surprised by their silence. The excited dogs began to run to the kneeling people. Vinicius. and in the seats. At first fear that the quarryman might have been mistaken. pied dogs from the Pyrenees. snapping their teeth. yellow Molosians from the. till at last one of the Molossians drove his teeth into the shoulder of a woman kneeling in front. as if to break through it. "Christus regnat!" rose ever louder. their sides lank. The odor of blood and torn entrails was stronger than Arabian perfumes. "What is happening. Tens of dogs rushed into the crowd now. Peloponnesus. far up to the highest. the direction in which the Apostle was hidden among the people of Petronius. sat down again. "Pro Christo! Pro Christo!" The dogs. who at the moment when the Christians ran in. then to draw back. purposely famished. and their eyes bloodshot. Blood flowed in streams from the torn bodies. and with the face of a dead man continued to look with glassy eyes on the ghastly spectacle. as if petrified. The amphitheatre was trembling from uproar. some howled like wild beasts. more than one asked himself the question. which were soon covered by moving squirming masses. and wolf-like hounds from Hibernia. merely repeating in one groaning chorus. with mad speed and barking. benumbed him completely. some barked like dogs.eyes raised to the velarium. and that they seemed not to see the Circus. the Senate. so as to look with greater attention. stood up and turned so as to indicate to the quarryman. At last only here and there were visible single kneeling forms. among the rows of spectators. and dragged her under him. All understood that those people were not asking for mercy. others ran around barking furiously. whole packs of dogs. but as it were inspired. as he had promised. Some stood against the walls of the boxes. as though chasing some unseen beast.

on whom he wished to cast the blame of the catastrophe. he sat there white as linen. Then the audience. tawny. sewed up in skins. At sight of the lions the dogs gathered with low whines. in dying. seeing which. But still he prayed and repeated with parched lips. turning toward the Greek. never resisted. That thought came to him from the arena. And he had fainted really. but even he yielded most frequently. insolent and changeable in his wishes. began to cry with hoarse voices. "Pro Christo!" when he saw the torture of so many victims who. That feeling was this. — if Christ Himself died in torment. The Augustians greeted them with applause. with the odor of their blood. — "The lions! the lions! Let out the lions!" The lions were to be kept for the next day. if a sea of blood is poured forth. For the rest he heard nothing. like those who had gone before. and it is a sin even to ask for mercy. The lions walked into the arena one after another. neither the howling of dogs nor the uproar of the people nor the voices of the Augustians. and placed the emerald to his eye to see better. his mouth wide open. one drop more signifies nothing. piercing him like the most dreadful pain. and a question of the Christians. He gave the sign therefore to open the cuniculum. raising their bloody jaws. his head fallen back. Barely a few threw themselves on to those kneeling nearest. that it was coming up and flowing out of the Circus over all Rome. immense. Nero. and followed eagerly 418 . Caligula alone. confessed their faith and their God. to whom plaudits were dearer than all else in the world. another feeling possessed him. with great shaggy heads. but irresistible. the crowd counted them on their fingers. dared to oppose them. on the opposite side of the arena. At that same moment they were urging into the arena new victims. lost consciousness of where he was. but in the amphitheatres the people imposed their will on every one. Caesar himself turned his wearied face toward them. It seemed to him that blood on the arena was rising and rising. like that of a corpse. They heard the creaking of the doors behind which were the lions. even on Caesar. All the more did he not resist now. began to scratch their sides and yawn heavily. and. and there were cases when he gave command to beat the people with clubs. the people were calmed in a moment. penetrated him with the groans of the dying. but the weary dogs would not rend them. but others lay down. but drunk with blood and wild. disturbed in spirit. — "Chilo has fainted!" "Chilo has fainted!" said Petronius. when it was a question of mollifying the populace. who began all at once to cry. excited after the conflagration.the voices. if thousands are perishing for Him now. "O Christ! O Christ! and Thy Apostle prayed for her!" Then he forgot himself. These knelt immediately.

others fought. broken roar. ran with mad springs through the arena. The child. Some left their seats. People rose from their places. he. and seizing the head of the father in his jaws. killed the child with one blow of his paw. The ruddy light in the arena dazzled them and they half closed their eyes as if dazed. and rend the Christians in company with the lions. tried to pull it from his neck. the howling of Molossian dogs. Some stretched their yellowish bodies lazily. But later the odor of blood and torn bodies. to prolong its life even for a moment. clung convulsively to the neck of its father. It seemed that the excited multitude would throw itself at last into the arena. and crowded one another mortally. their nostrils drew in the air with hoarse sound. without meaning for many. did not hasten to their victims. trembling from crying. at times only groans. But from the cuniculum new victims were driven forth continually. licked with a rough tongue the stiffened blood: another approached a man who was holding in his arms a child sewed up in a fawn's skin. Some women could not restrain cries of terror. Some lions. holding the emerald to his eye. At moments an unearthly noise was heard. rose on their hind legs. and weeping. All at once he gave out a short. breasts torn apart with one blow. yawned. The face of Petronius assumed an expression of contempt and disgust. At sight of this all the other lions fell upon the crowd of Christians. many of which were lying on the sand. grappled one another like wrestlers.the impression which the sight of them would make on the Christians kneeling in the centre. for the wish to see gained the mastery. seizing victims by the ribs or loins. went down lower through the passages to see better. Caesar. their manes rose. lying with his fore paws on the body. which soon ceased. though hungry. rumbling. No 419 . — one might have said that they wanted to show their terrible teeth to the audience. From the highest row in the amphitheatre the Apostle Peter looked at them. though annoying to all. They beheld terrible things then: heads disappearing entirely in open jaws. at moments applause. Chilo had been borne out of the Circus. who again had begun to repeat the words. the clashing of teeth. and filled the amphitheatre with thunder. Soon their movements became restless. hearts and lungs swept away. as if seeking hidden places in which to devour them. so as to hand it to those kneeling farther on. at moments roaring. some. however. but the audience drowned these with plaudits. One fell suddenly on the body of a woman with a torn face. "Pro Christo! Pro Christo!" But the lions. the crushing of bones under the teeth of lions. opening their jaws. crushed it in a twinkle. But the cry and the movement irritated the lion. began to act on them. looked now with attention. and.

with bows in their hands. Amidst roars. Numidian panthers. He left the podium and went at once to the cuniculum. The Numidians approached the railing. hence I give them to Thee. hyenas. In all the passages between the seats appeared detachments of Numidians. Even the populace were astonished when. Beasts of all kinds were let out this time. so now he blessed with the cross those who were perishing under the teeth of wild beasts. here and there on the seats of the spectators were heard the terrified and spasmodic laughter of women. a dreadful dream. stretched the flexible bows. they smiled when they saw high above them the sign of the cross. Some raised their eyes to him. and their souls flying away from the bloody sand. Their bodies. and jackals. These my sheep perish to Thy glory in testimony of the truth." And he blessed them one after another. dark-brown. take them. and their faces grew radiant. and sent bolt after bolt. howls. He blessed their blood. The people divined what was coming. however. shapely as if cut from dark marble. and became as it were an orgy of blood. That was a new spectacle truly. with as much love as if they had been his children whom he was giving directly into the hands of Christ. wolves. black and stately. whether from madness. found a means of clearing the arena. a gigantic kaleidoscope of mad fancy. But his heart was rent. Lord. give them happiness greater than the torments which they suffered here. or the wish that the exhibition should surpass everything seen in Rome so far. and spotted skins. they saw the gratings open again. and a new amusement for the people. There rose a chaos in which the eye could distinguish nothing save a terrible turning and twisting of the backs of wild beasts. and. The whizzing of the 420 . Thou didst command me to feed them. The people were terrified. Then Caesar. The measure was surpassed. "O Lord! let Thy will be done. "Enough! enough!" But it was easier to let the beasts in than drive them back again. their torture. Caesar. bent backward. whose strength had given way at last. The whole arena was covered as with a moving sea of striped. putting their arrows to the strings. bears. yellow. crowd after crowd. flaxcolored. and he said.one saw him. in feathers and earrings. after a while. their dead bodies turned into shapeless masses. Faces grew dark. soften their pain. whispered a few words to the prefect of the city. The spectacle lost the appearance of reality. for all heads were turned to the arena. heal their wounds. whines. and greeted the archers with a shout of delight. so he rose and as formerly in the vineyard of Cornelius he had blessed for death and eternity those who were intended for imprisonment. — tigers from the Euphrates. and do Thou count them. began to shoot from their bows into the crowd of beasts. Various voices began to cry.

and people yet alive fell side by side. Ruler of Tenedos. Mothers from the depth of their breasts Raised tearful cries to thee. ran around the arena at random. for the sun had sunk now considerably. dug over. who had left the podium some time before. The lament of hearts. disaster. bowed a number of times to the spectators. and bags of sand. himself affected. and sprinkled with a thick layer of fresh sand. and the greatest variety of flowers. wheelbarrows. and the velarium was removed. — "With the sound of thy heavenly lyre Thou couldst drown the wailing. and over the whole circle there seethed up a feverish activity. To be stained with Trojan blood? Aged men raised trembling hands to thee. Chios. They came. made smooth. Here and there a lion. Art thou he who. and advanced with solemn tread to the middle. O thou of the far-shooting silver bow. and mire. baskets for carrying out entrails. blood. to seize and break the arrow. The small beasts. Those complaints might have moved a stone. wert less feeling than a stone!" The song passed gradually into an elegy. Caesar. Could yield it to Argive anger. Others groaned from pain. After a while Caesar. scattering leaves of roses. brooms. and a crown of gold. appeared all at once on the flowery arena. Imploring pity on their offspring. such a spectacle was waiting as no one had looked for. having in his care The sacred city of Ilion. Wolves. falling into a panic. his jaws wrinkled from rage. bears. where wert thou then?" Here his voice quivered and his eyes grew moist. But who can raise from dust and ashes That day of fire. That done. In the Circus there was silence. plaintive and full of pain. ruin? O Smintheus. crowd after crowd. At the sad sound of this song The eye to-day is filled with tears. The censers were ignited again. till all that was living had lain down in the final quiver of death. Then he struck the strings and began to sing. sang on. panthers. The space was soon cleared of bodies. and inquired what kind of new spectacle was waiting for them on that day. Indeed. Hundreds of slaves rushed into the arena armed with spades. — "O radiant son of Leto. Cupids ran in. shovels. turned with sudden movement. Twelve choristers holding citharae followed him. and stood as if waiting for inspiration. lilies. Which blazed unceasingly to his honor. feeling a shaft in his ribs. or thrust their heads into the grating. meanwhile the arrows whizzed and whizzed on. raised his eyes. He had a silver lute.strings and the whistling of the feathered missiles were mingled with the howling of beasts and cries of wonder from the audience. And suffer sacred altars. But to the suffering of people Thou. Chrysos. Tears appeared on the lids of the 421 . But people looked at one another with amazement. wearing a purple mantle. As a flower is filled with dew. O Smintheus.

O Lord! to whom hast Thou given rule ovcr the earth. women. men. the people listened in silence before they burst into a long unbroken storm of applause. to be taken to the pits called "puticuli. — "O Lord. and children.vestals. Meanwhile from outside through the vomitoria came the sound of creaking vehicles on which were placed the bloody remnants of Christians. and why wilt Thou found in this place Thy capital?" 422 . and cried in spirit." But the Apostle Peter seized his trembling white head with his hands.

when Petronius entered the podium. Nero was not satisfied. that his words had produced an effect the very opposite of what he intended. Nero was not satisfied. "for I cannot find words. clenching his fists. "They burned Rome. What new punishment shall I invent for them?" Petronius saw that he had taken the wrong road. In vain did hymns of praise sound in his ears. he had looked for enthusiasm touching on frenzy. but still this people —" "Canst thou expect mongrels to appreciate poetry?" "But thou too hast noticed that they have not thanked me as I deserve. Caesar beckoned to the arbiter. and while doing so Rubria bent till her reddish hair touched his breast." "Ah. they cannot listen attentively. The spectacle was finished. They had all left their seats and assembled at the podium. and could not hide the fact.Chapter 56 THE sun had lowered toward its setting. "I am silent." "So it seemed to me too. those Christians!" replied Nero." said he. Thou hast surpassed thyself." "Because thou hast chosen a bad moment. "Speak. in which Caesar appeared again to hear praises. they were waiting for the stream of people to pass. Only Augustians delayed. and injure me now in addition. He was astonished and also disturbed because Petronius was silent. Though the spectators had not spared plaudits at the end of the song. Unable at last to restrain himself. Crowds were leaving the amphitheatre and pouring out to the city through the passages called vomitoria." "How?" "When men's brains are filled with the odor of blood. Some flattering and pointed word from his mouth would have been a great consolation at that moment. in vain did vestals kiss his "divine" hand." answered Petronius. and seemed to dissolve in the red of the evening. so. to turn 423 . coldly.

" said he. and recently his hair had grown white altogether. and answered. famous temples. Besides thee Seneca may have noticed it. for the love of the gods.Caesar's mind in another direction. But Seneca. as if caught in a disgraceful deed. — if life is dear to thee. had fear in his look. thought that he would not have to wait long for the man's death. Nero. too. And do thou. I will re-write that. and declared that with Acratus and Secundus Carinas. — in a word." continued Nero." And while speaking he looked straight into Caesar's eyes. perhaps. who saw that Caesar was confiding to him a work of plunder. but in general his health was bad. "I must go to the country. when he looked at him. "but I prefer to shut myself in and polish that cursed line in the third strophe." "A bad sign!" thought Petronius. for the gods know best of all if I fear death. "and await death. — "Thou seest everything." Nero. from every place where it was possible to find money. — 424 . they were not sick. But no one else noticed it. blushing with shame. I think. mention it to no one." Seneca's Iberian nerves were stronger than Chilos. but I will rid myself of them quickly. or from which they could force it. which he commanded him to obtain from cities. — "Condemn me to death." Then he summoned Seneca. for I am old and my nerves are sick. who answered after a while. he bent toward him and whispered." To this Petronius answered. and perhaps Secundus Carinas did. — "Be not angry. as if in an outburst of vexation and anger. refused straightway. sacrilege. and answered in a whisper also. thou knowest that I love thee. "I wanted to invite thee to-day to a feast. but I will make one remark: in the fourth line of the third strophe the metre leaves something to be desired. and robbery. he sent him to the Italian and all other provinces for money. if I deceive thee. but thou wilt not terrify me. O divinity. — "Thy song is marvellous. I know. for he seemed like a shadow. lord. villages.

by the way. "O firstborn of Apollo. "No! I have no wish to draw on Rome the wrath of Mercury." "Do so. and asked. thou wilt stay in thy own house. O Zeus." "But preserve sue." "Oh. but thy song has restored me. Instead of going to the country." "I would. O Radiant Offspring of the sun and moon." Then he laughed. Nothing will come of that!" "I swear to thee. delighted that Caesar had regained humor. that I am writing a hymn. O lord. and not leave it. and the gods will give thee such tribute as they have never given any one." said Domitius Afer. Whom shall I set above them?" "Me. "If I send Acratus and Carinas by themselves. the philosopher Chilo. — "I am here. who. pushed up. "Thou must know to a copper how much there is in each temple there. is a sister of Apollo. lord."I will not expose thee to a journey if thou art ill. fell to laughing. The Augustians." retorted Chilo. "It is thy wish to escape future games. will be like sending wolves for sheep." 425 . or like my new friend. Beg inspiration of Diana. and I wish to spend a few days in the temple of the Muses to implore inspiration. and said. and said. it. I am writing a Greek hymn in thy honor. and exclaimed." "Baal!" said Chilo. lord." "I will send thee to Achaea. from the sight of these noisy geese of the Capitol. whose brains put together would not fill a nutshell." "Then thou wilt write it at night. no!" exclaimed Nero. — "No." Then he looked around. deprive not this valiant Greek of a sight of the games. I need some stoic like Seneca. I was ill. lord. whom ye would put to shame with your villainy. then." said Nero. who had recovered in the open air and returned to the amphitheatre for Caesar's song. but through affection I wish to keep thee near me. — "But what has happened to Chilo?" Chilo. but I do not like to prevent thee from seeing the games.

" "May Christ reward thee." answered Nero. — "Hast thou thought of what I told thee?" "I have. thought a while. senators. Before the Circus were moving throngs of people. but it ceased quickly. turning to Senecio and Suilius Nerulinus. curious to witness the departure of Caesar. even at the cost of my life.Chilo dropped his head and looked with malice on those present. This is a kind of battle in which I have undertaken to conquer. Here and there applause was heard. Meanwhile Caesar gave a signal to the slave torch-bearers. and said. who had great knowledge of everything touching the amphitheatre. Petronius and Vinicius passed over their road in silence. From the spoliarium creaking carts bore away the bloody remnants of Christians. I am sure that they see something. The night was clear and warm. of the Christians appointed for to-day we have been able to finish hardly half!" At this old Aquilus Regulus. Caesar. and left the Circus." He raised his eyes then to the opening of the amphitheatre. But others answered with laughter and jesting suppositions as to what the Christians could see at the moment of death. — "Have ye noticed that when dying they see something? They look up. who began to laugh again. but in some way they were gloomy and silent. said. and asked in a mysterious voice. and die as it were without pain. after him followed vestals." 426 . "Dost believe that for me too this is a question of the highest importance? I must liberate her in spite of Caesar and Tigellinus. — "Imagine. and Augustians. over which night had begun to extend its velarium dotted with stars. — "Spectacles in which people appear sine armis et sine arte last almost as long and are less entertaining. a kind of play in which I wish to win." answered Vinicius. This day has confirmed me still more in my plan. dignitaries." "Thou wilt see." "I will command to give them weapons. Only when near his villa did Petronius inquire. But the superstitious Vestinius was roused from meditation at once.

— "She is living yet. youth?" asked he. who has power to restore her to me." "And a Christian?" The youth looked with inquiring glance at Vinicius. and asked." Petronius looked more attentively at the comely face of the youth. He conducted Nazarius to the library." "Are the guards the same?" "They are. the son of Miriam. but Nazarius divined the question which was dying on his lips. lord. All the prisoners in the lower dungeon died of fever." said Vinicius. without power to speak a word. "I am a Galilean. his blue eyes. "What is thy wish?" "I am Nazarius. — "I am. and after a while Petronius came in to hear their conversation. I come from the prison. and repeats thy name." answered the tribune. "Ursus and Glaucus the physician watch over her night and day. or were stifled from foul air. "The noble Vinicius knows me. I am the son of that widow with whom Lygia lodged. seeing him in prayer. "Sickness saved her from shame." said the youth. and bring tidings of Lygia. they stopped at the door of the villa and descended from the litter." "How canst thou enter the prison freely?" "I hired myself to carry out corpses." "Wouldst thou like to see Lygia free?" 427 . and dark.Thus conversing. and she is in their chamber. At that moment a dark figure approached them. — "Is the noble Vinicius here?" "He is. Ursus sent me to say that she prays in her fever. and replied. and answered." "Praise be to Christ." "Who art thou?" inquired Petronins. for executioners are timid. I did so to assist my brethren and bring them news from the city. abundant hair." Vinicius placed his hand on the young man's shoulder and looked into his eyes by the torchlight. "From what country art thou. but. he raised his head.

if they know that punishment and torture will not touch them. it is true. "who burns with red-hot iron to see if the bodies which we carry out are dead. we shall be in Rome. lord? Yes. including Caesar and Tigellinus. and. otherwise they will order immediate pursuit. raising his hands." said Nazarius. Nazarius was flushed with delight. "There is a man. he exclaimed. — "Tell the guards to place her in a coffin as if she were dead. and afterward —" 428 ." "The guards would consent to her flight." Then Vinicius ceased to pray. A week or two later thou wilt fall ill. not the body. Go neither to the prison nor the 'Putrid Pits. "May Christ give her health." said Vinicius. should be convinced that she died. "But canst thou find reliable assistants?" "I can find men who would sell their own wives and children for money." While speaking." "Dost thou think that the guards will consent?" inquired Petronius. "Yes. Thou wilt find assistants to bear her out in the night with thee. and all would be lost." "In that case take me as a hired servant. "They." "Where wilt thou find them?" "In the prison itself or in the city. to Sicily." said Vinicius. Near the 'Putrid Pits' will be people with a litter waiting for you. But he will take even a few sestertia not to touch the face of the dead with iron." "Tell him that he will get a cap full of aurei. for she will be free. and said.The youth raised his eyes. and summon Nero's physician. For one aureus he will touch the coffin. and in him was roused the soldier to whom hope had restored his former energy.' All. Once the guards are paid. Thou and she will meet. "The pretorians might recognize thee even in disguise. even had I to die afterwards. But Petronius opposed this most earnestly. all the more will they let us bear her out as a corpse." said Petronius. they will admit whomever I like. he will tell thee to go to the mountains. Promise the guards from me as much gold as each can carry in his mantle. We can lull suspicion only in this way: When she is taken to the Alban Hills or farther. to them ye will give the coffin. his face lost its usual torpor.

Nazarius took leave. taking Vinicius aside." "Let us keep her nearer Rome at first." said Vinicius. "It would please me were Ursus to accompany her. — "I will not mention our plan to any one. "Near Corioli is a reliable man who carried me in his arms when I was a child. and gave the needful orders. but not at the same time with her. handing Vinicius tablets. but the Apostle Peter promised to come from the amphitheatre to our house. I will tell him everything. and who loves me yet. promising to come the next morning at daybreak.Here he thought a while. — "Other times may come. "that is a man of superhuman strength." 429 . Hast thou no manager in the mountains whom thou canst trust?" "I have." replied Vinicius. When going. "Thou art speaking of Sicily. if only we snatch her from the dungeon. whispered. and were silent. he stopped. or I wash my hands. he can break gratings and follow her. A few minutes later. high rock where no guard is placed. hurriedly. I will take Ursus a rope. and not two or three days later. but to find and bribe one from among his fellow corpse-bearers. By Hercules! do ye wish to destroy yourselves and her? I forbid you to name Corioli to him. but wished first to run in to see his mother. He hoped to finish that night with the guards. not even to my mother. then. After some thought he had determined not to seek an assistant in the city." "Write to him to come to-morrow." said Nazarius. There is one window above a steep. "I should be more at rest." said Petronius. a mounted slave was coursing in the night toward Corioli. the rest he will do himself. for they would follow him and discover her hiding-place." "Lord. he said. and. who in that uncertain and dreadful time had no rest for a moment thinking of her son. "let him tear himself out as he pleases." He called the chief of the atrium then. "I will send a courier at once." said Vinicius." Both recognized the justice of these words." "By Hercules!" said Petronius. waving his hand. while she is sick and may die. The air alone will restore her." "May Christ have mercy on her.

reclining near each other at the table. But now I am ready to offer a golden tripod to Esculapius for her health. where he sat down to supper with Eunice. for she will either die her own death. and four trusty men selected 430 . a litter." answered the young man." He gave command to bring him a slave's mantle. he passed to the triclinium. and as often afterward as I look at you I shall think. mules. while they. From time to time thunder reverberated on the seven hills. Ah! Ahenobarbus. Now go to rest. At sunrise Niger." And. "The Apostle was in the amphitheatre with the people of Petronius. Thou. Out of doors the wind brought clouds from the direction of Soracte. wouldst destroy her to spite me! We shall see."Here thou canst speak openly. "since that would have been less terrible for Vinicius." replied Vinicius. and wouldst devour her alive because thy Ruflus has perished. and went to meet him. listened to the bucolic poet. arrived from Corioli. Petronius heard of his coming." "The road is a short one." thought he. and a sudden storm broke the silence of the calm summer night. wet from the rain. "Well? Have ye fixed anything new?" inquired he. self-satisfied. and I have seen Peter. Pctronius sighed deeply. with minds at rest. we can bear her away to-morrow night. I tell you that your eyes will not behold her on the arena. thou hast the wish to turn a lover's pain into a spectacle. thou. "Nazarius went to arrange with the guards. who in the singing Done dialect celebrated the loves of shepherds. "I wished her to die of that fever. Tigellinus. or I shall wrest her from you as from the jaws of dogs. wert jealous of the maiden's beauty. arranging his hair." "My manager must be here at daybreak with men. Augusta. But before this Vinicius returned. "Has Nazarius gone to the prison?" "He has. who commanded me to pray and believe." "That is well. at the order of Vinicius. Later on. But I will go with you myself. and they passed out. they prepared for sweet slumber. the manager. and wrest her in such fashion that ye shall not know it. If all goes favorably." But Vinicius knelt in his cubiculum and prayed. bringing with him. During the meal a lector read to them the Idyls of Theocritus. These are the fools whom Caius Petronius outwitted.

" 431 . the assistant. and. thou art ill. kissed his hands and eyes. and he looked inquiringly into the face of Vinicius. — "I thank Thee. while still at a distance. — "I too am a Christian. moved at sight of his youthful master. saying. which ye will provide. — "My dear. in the Tullianum and other dungeons. or else suffering has sucked the blood from thy face. Indeed. As to the guards and the man who tried corpses with red-hot iron. there was not the least difficulty. who had watched all night. who divined evidently what the gaze of the countryman was asking. "Then she is a Christian?" exclaimed Niger. for hardly did I know thee at first. Attys. bringing Nazarius. Vinicius. Glaucus will give her a sleeping draught prepared by himself from drugs brought by me purposely from the city. was satisfied also." Tears glistened in Niger's eyes that moment. raising his hands. he said. The cover will not be nailed to the coffin. though she had the same prison fever of which. "We made openings in the coffin to let the sick woman breathe. We will place in the coffin a long bag of sand. "The only danger is that she may groan or speak as we pass the pretorians." said Nazarius. Glaucus the physician guaranteed Lygia's life. sunburnt face great emotion was evident. and on his dry. Niger. First. But she is very weak.among slaves from Britain. O Christ. since he answered. to save appearances. A moment later." Then he embraced the head of Vinicius. weeping from happiness." Vinicius took him to the interior colonnade. and is lying with closed eyes since early morning. Petronius appeared. "Good news!" cried he. Niger listened with fixed attention. the news was good. whom. then. fell to kissing his forehead. ye will raise it easily and take the patient to the litter. hundreds of people were dying daily. he had left at an inn in the Subura. He was silent for a while. Besides. this he did not even try to master. went to meet him. and there admitted him to the secret. for having taken the beam from eyes which are the dearest on earth to me.

Ye will wait for us at the small temple of Libitina. for it is well planned." "True. "About twenty died last night. and then a sudden storm came. though usually we carry out the corpses only just before midnight. To-day the sky is clear." said Petronius. "It was impossible to plan better. be near the temple of Libitina at dark. Niger returned to his men at the inn. true!" answered Vinicius. Nazarius took a purse of gold under his tunic and went to the prison. but since she will be borne out as a corpse." "Will ye go without torches?" inquired Vinicius." said Niger. "The undertaking ought to succeed. but now I see that I could not stay.Vinicius." replied Vinicius. "We must go with a whole company. — "I said yesterday that it would be best were we both to stay at home. excitement. May God give a night as dark as possible!" "He will. All is so fixed that there cannot be failure. At the first corner my comrade will get lame purposely. I answer for her. I will take her from the coffin myself. Were it a question of flight. "Will they carry out other bodies from the prison?" inquired Petronius. For Vinicius began a day filled with alarm. "I must be there." "Once she is in my house at Corioli. "Last evening was bright. Nothing was to be heard save the hurried breathing of Vinicius. But — art thou perfectly sure of thy manager?" "He is a Christian. disquiet. Thou must feign suffering. but we will delay and drop into the rear. was as pale as linen. Petronius turned to him. Conversation stopped here. 432 ." said the youth. Do not desert the amphitheatre. In that way we shall remain behind the others considerably. but he listened with such attention that he seemed to divine at a glance what Nazarius had to say. Every night now there will be wind and rain. and wear a dark toga. and before evening more will be dead. "The torches are carried only in advance. In every event. there would be need of the greatest caution." They stopped. and hope." said Niger. Let people see thee. but since morning it is sultry. while hearing these words. it seems that not the least suspicion will enter the head of any one.

but near the Sabine Hills dark clouds were gathering at the edge of the horizon. thou wilt see her only in Corioli. "No. It seemed to him that Christ would hear him more readily there than in any other place. And they parted. "I have been on the Palatine. touching his nephew's shoulder." Then he drew nearer and said." said Vinicius.Petronius looked at him with amazement. and it would be well wert thou to go also. and said. He went out of the hut. In the afternoon he was roused by the sound of trumpets which came from the direction of Nero's Circus." "I have given Him my soul. I promised to go. the stillness was broken at intervals by the sound of brass and continually by the ceaseless noise of grasshoppers. "I showed myself there purposely. then shrugged his shoulders. There is a feast at the house of Anicius this evening. — "But thou wilt not see her on the cross." "To-morrow there is to be an exhibition of crucified Christians. Vinicius went home. Still. Spare no promises to thy Christ. Greece. Under such terror as the present. Hast noticed that a storm is threatening?" "Yes. but Vinicius went to look from a distance at the prison. — to that hut of the quarryman where he had received baptism from the hands of the Apostle. and so forgot himself that he remembered not where he was or what he was doing. as if in soliloquy. he threw himself on the ground and exerted all the strength of his suffering soul in prayer f or mercy. The air had become sultry." "Are there no tidings from Niger or Nazarius?" inquired Vinicius. and gazed around with eyes which were as if just opened from sleep. and commands people's souls." said he. and twelve to Capitoline Jove. this is wonderful! By Pollux! if I believed that anything depended on our gods. saying that I must sleep before that hour. and Egypt. we shall see them only at midnight. and even sat down at dice. but perhaps rain will prevent it. so when he found it. In fact I shall be there. Petronius was waiting for him in the atrium. men would renounce straightway all the gods of Rome. but only after midnight. I would sacrifice six white bullocks to each of them. and thence betook himself to the slope of the Vatican hill. Petronius returned to his cubiculum. the sky was still clear over the city. 433 . It was hot. — "By Pollux! how it spreads.

and at the foot of the mound a group of mules and horses. "there will be no suspicion. But hide yourselves under the rampart. Petronius had armed himself with a short Roman knife called sicca. "Let us hurry!" said Vinicius at last. From time to time lightning rent the clouds. With the corming of night heavy rain fell." said a voice in the rain. 434 . But I fear that they may not bring the bodies out till morning. "Even should some one see us. lord. The evening is near. The air grew cold at once. and filled the streets of the city with mist. "We must wait even till daybreak." They waited. "I am here. "Is everything ready?" "It is." In fact Niger's fear was justified." "The hail-storm will not last. which he took always during night trips. I think." said Petronius. buried near the surface and carelessly. We were here at dark. they passed through the garden door to the street. which turned into steam on the stones warmed by the heat of the day. "they may carry bodies from the prison earlier because of the storm. and brought from the 'Putrid Pits" a dreadful odor of decaying bodies. After that came a lull. And taking Gallic mantles with hoods. we look like people waiting for the storm to pass. listening to hear the sound of the procession." "It is time!" said Petronius. and darkness began to encircle the city earlier than usual because clouds covered the whole horizon. at first fine." In truth the evening was near. sheltered from the wind and icy missiles.By Castor! I would not give the moment in which we free her for all the gems in Rome. At times the wind rose. The hailstorm passed. when they saw. "Niger!" called Vinicius. While standing under the rampart. The city was empty because of the storm. then brief violent showers. in a low voice. but immediately after a shower began to roar. after a rather long road. illuminating with its glare the fresh walls of houses newly built or in process of building and the wet flag-stones with which the streets were paved. the mound on which stood the small temple of Libitina. for soon hail began to fall. they conversed in low voices. then larger and more frequent. At last a flash came." said Niger. or ye will be drenched. What a storm! Hail will fall.

See that the mules do not snort. Niger. From the bottom of his soul Petronius was sorry for her and Vinicius. then they raised the biers with coffins and moved on. The lights were growing more and more distinct. and two British slaves with the litter. the voice of Nazarius was heard. not knowing why the halt was made. — "But I believe that He — can restore her to me. But for this very reason she was watched and guarded more carefully than others. turning to the men. After a time it was possible to see torches under the quivering flames. We are carrying another body! They removed her before midnight. "Fortune seems to desert me. "They are coming!" said Petronius. But the men had stopped only to cover their mouths and faces with cloths to ward off the stifling stench which at the edge of the "Putrid Pits" was simply unendurable. Petronius." Above the city the last thunders of the storm had ceased. Vinicius sprang toward it. — those are torches. was gloomy as a storm. when he had returned home. He divined that very likely she had been taken from the Tullianum so as not to die of fever and escape the amphitheatre assigned to her. "but the gods are mistaken if they think that I will accept such a life as his. and Niger pressed up to the rampart in silence. halting voice. three. like that of a sick child. He understood that to free Lygia from the Esquiline dungeons was not to be dreamed of. But Vinicius answered with a certain strange." said Petronius. — "one. But before they had reached it in the darkness. — "Lord. "What is the matter? Thou hast a fever. Niger made the sign of the cross." said he." Here he turned toward Vinicius. but he was wounded also by the thought that for the first time in life he had not succeeded. broken. Only one coffin stopped before the temple. and did not even try to console Vinicius. and for the first time was beaten in a struggle. Vinicius. and after him Petronius. they took her with Ursus to the Esquiline prison. and began to pray. who looked at him with staring eyes. full of pain. 435 ."I see a light through the mist. two." said he to himself. for example. and halted at last in front of the temple of Libitina. Meanwhile the gloomy procession drew nearer." said Niger." Petronius.

and swords on the arena. at command of Caesar. A failure of grapes was predicted. not only in the day. The Christians threw nets. The spectacle was to begin with a battle among the Christians. real gladiators were let out. interrupted the spectacles. so as to deprive them of that pleasure which the sight of bravery produces. Meanwhile beautiful weather returned. embraced and encouraged one another to endurance in view of torture and death. darts.Chapter 57 THREE days' rain. Finally. who despatched in one twinkle the kneeling and defenceless victims. People were growing alarmed. In the next 436 . Some reproached the Christiaiis with cowardice and pusillanimity. Caesar came early with the vestals and the court. sacrifices were ordered in the temple of Jupiter Salvator. for on the pile some other Christian was burning. At this deep indignation and resentment seized the hearts of the multitude. the spectacle was a series of mythologic pictures. others asserted that they refused to fight through hatred of the people. hence crowds began to insist that the spectacles be given without reference to weather. But here came disappointment. — Caesar's own idea. The audience saw Hercules blazing in living fire on Mount Oeta. tridents. an exceptional phenomenon in Rome during summer. who to this end were arrayed as gladiators and furnished with all kinds of weapons which served gladiators by profession in offensive and defensive struggles. Delight seized all Rome when the announcement was made at last that the ludus would begin again after three days' interval. When these bodies were removed. but evidently the turn of Lygia's faithful servant had not come. The amphitheatre was filled at daybreak with thousands of people. The priests of Ceres spread a report that the anger of the gods was turned on the city because of the too hasty punishment of Christians. — a man quite unknown to Vinicius. and hail falling in opposition to the natural order. but even at night. and when on a certain afternoon a thunderbolt melted the bronze statue of Ceres on the Capitol. Vinicius had trembled at the thought that the role of Hercules might be intended for Ursus.

Only the most curious descended to the arena itself. arid. The shameful torments of maidens violated before death by gladiators dressed as wild beasts. touching with their fingers lumps of sand held together by blood. not mature yet. who. conversed. torn asunder by wild horses. Those concealed themselves behind seats or in the lower places. and made happy by plaudits. but this man. the role of Icarus was taken by his son. Soon even these went away. the usual midday interlude followed. finally they saw young girls. When he had expired and his body was dragged to the spoliarium. of that which had happened and of that which was to follow. they saw the Danaides.picture Chilo. Caesar with the vestals and the Augustians left the amphitheatre. whom Caesar would not excuse from attendance. Both were raised aloft with cunning machinery. his eyes raised and the murmur of prayer on his blackening lips. was served by slaves to them. Chilo did not see the fall. did not take the emerald from his eye for one instant while looking at white bodies torn with iron. Quartus. proud of them. for he closed his eves. and when after a time he saw blood there close to him. but he heard the dull thump of the body. Young Quartus fell so near Caesar's podium that he spattered with blood not only the external ornaments but the purple covering spread over the front of the podium. whose hand fastened over a fire to a tripod filled the amphitheatre with the odor of burnt flesh. and withdrew to an immense scarlet tent erected purposely. The death of Daedalus was represented. he came near fainting a second time. only those few were left who stayed not through curiosity. disposed themselves in picturesque groups around the tent. in this was prepared for him and the guests a magnificent prandium. They saw priestesses of Cybele and Ceres. that old man who had given Chilo the sign of the fish. delighted the hearts of the rabble. they saw Dirce and Pasiphae. After the maidens they saw Mucius Scaevola. streaming out. lest they might be late for the feast. and the convulsive quivering of victims. but sympathy for the coming victims. saw acquaintances. and also that of Icarus. The spectators for the greater part followed his example. and. to rest their limbs wearied from long sitting. and then hurled suddenly from an immense height to the arena. like the real Scaevola. as specialists and amateurs. remained without a groan. through Caesar's favor. Pictures were given also from the history of the city. The pictures changed quickly. In the role of Daerdalus appeared Euricius. Every moment the crowd applauded new ideas of Nero. and enjoy the food which. 437 .

so that people returning after the interlude might find all the crosses standing. laid them face upward on the wood. The servants of the amphitheatre beat the unfortunates with clubs. for his emaciated body was wholly naked. The crosses. — nails were going into the hands and feet of the Christians.Meanwhile the arena was levelled. forcing them to lay down their crosses near the holes prepared. The cunicula were opened simultaneously. "Thank the Redeemer. ready at all times for death. Maybe a part of your sins will be 438 . bending under the weight of wooden beams. But in his eyes gleamed always that same exhaustless energy. on his head was a garland of roses. and in all passages leading to the arena were urged forward crowds of Christians naked and carrying crosses on their shoulders. and little children. bantered with Chilo. The whole arena was filled with them. at the side of these went men in the prime of life. Among the new victims whose turn was to come soon was Crispus. ran forward. From outside came the murmur of people. shouts and plaudits. were wreathed with flowers. and fell to nailing their hands hurriedly and quickly to the arms of the crosses. The lions had not had time to rend him. The whole amphitheatre resounded with the noise of hammers which echoed through all the rows. for. Old men. as well as the victims. Thus were to perish those whom executioners had had no chance to drive out as food for dogs and wild beasts the first day of the games. small boys. There he drank