# Name _________________ Period ______ Density (ALPS) Define these words Mass Volume Density cm3

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Take a look at the two boxes below. Each box has the same volume. If each ball has the same mass, which box would weigh more? Why?

All density values in the following table are units of g/cm3

SOLIDS cork 0.24 mahogany 0.85 wax 0.9 ice 0.92 balsa wood 0.13 oak 0.72 hard coal 1.4 - 1.8 sugar 1.6 bone 1.6 concrete 2.3 glass 2.4 - 2.8 aluminum 2.7 copper 8.9 silver 10.5 lead 11.3 gold 19.3 platinum 21.5

LIQUIDS gasoline 0.68 octane 0.70 grain alcohol 0.79 wood alcohol 0.81 coconut oil 0.93 water, pure 1.00 water, sea 1.03 glycerin 1.26 chloroform 1.73 Mercury 13.6

GASES hydrogen 0.000 09 helium 0.00018 ammonia 0.00077 CO 0.00125 nitrogen 0.00126 air 0.0013 oxygen 0.00143 CO2 0.00198 chlorine 0.00321

1. What is the density of pure water (don’t forget units)? 2. What is the density of copper (don’t forget units)?

3. What is the density of CO2 (don’t forget units)?
4. a) name 2 solids that are less dense than water: b) name 2 liquids that are more dense than water:

5. If balsa wood were put into water would it float or sink? Why?
6. If concrete were put into chloroform would it float or sink? Why?

We are going to pretend that mass and weight are the same things in order to answer these questions. 7. Why are two units used when finding density? 8. The formula for Density is = ________

9. What is the mass of the penny? ________ 10. What is the volume of the penny? ____________ 11. What is the density of the penny? __________ 12. What is the mass of the rock? _________ 13. What is the volume of the rock? ________ 14. What is the density of the rock? ________
15. Measure the length, width, and height of a small board, then find its volume. Length ______ Width ______ Height ______ Volume _____

16. A little aluminum boat (mass of 14.50 g) has a volume of 450.00 cm3. The boat is place in a small pool of water and carefully filled with pennies. If each penny has a mass of 2.50 g, how many pennies can be added to the boat before it sinks?
17. A miner finds a substance he believes is gold. He collects a sample and finds it to have a mass of 17.8g and a volume of 2mL. Is the substance he collected gold? Explain your reasoning.

18. What would the mass of that substance need to be for it to be gold if the volume is 2mL?

19. Gasoline is a non-polar liquid that will float on water. 450 grams of gasoline is spilled into a puddle of water. If the density of gasoline is 0.665 g/mL, what volume of gasoline is spilled?