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The A to Z Of Surface Anatomy

The A to Z Of Surface Anatomy

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Published by AspenPharma
This is the 9th book in the series of the A to Zs. The surface of the body is that which is the most accessible to everyone. But what lies beneath? How to get to it! These clinical aspects are considered. As usual feedback plays an extremely important role in this, please feel free to comment and contribute to any and all aspects of these publications after all they are for you – whoever you, the reader may be.
This is the 9th book in the series of the A to Zs. The surface of the body is that which is the most accessible to everyone. But what lies beneath? How to get to it! These clinical aspects are considered. As usual feedback plays an extremely important role in this, please feel free to comment and contribute to any and all aspects of these publications after all they are for you – whoever you, the reader may be.

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Published by: AspenPharma on Nov 10, 2010
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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12/06/2014

Introduction 1
Acknowledgement 1
Dedication 1
How to use this Book 1
Table of Contents 3
Abbreviations 7
Common Terms used in Surface Anatomy 9
Anatomical Position 19
Anatomical Planes and Relations 20
Movements – general

Upper limb & shoulder 21
Head, Neck & Back 23
Lower limb and Hip 25
Foot and Hand 26

Hand

Grips 27
Measurements 29
Proportions and forms of human measurement 31
Human face proportions 33
Human body proportions 35
Vitruvian Man 37
(Symbol of proportionality & derivative of measurements)

Index of surface anatomy

Abdomen see also Aorta, Trunk
dermatomes 39
bones + muscles 41
alimentary - GIT 43
non- alimentary - / liver / pancreas / spleen 45
regions 47
scars - from incisions 49
Adam’s apple = Thyroid cartilage see Thyroid
Adrenals see Back, Trunk
Anatomical snuff box see Thumb
Ankle see also Foot 51
Anus see Perineum
Aorta 53
Appendix see Abdomen GIT
Arm see also Axilla, Forearm, Shoulder 55
Axilla see also Breast

bones , muscles boundaries 57
lymph nodes 59

© Dr Amanda Neill

4

The A to Z of Surface Anatomy

© A. L. Neill

Back

lower 61
upper see Chest
Belly see Abdomen
Belly button see Abdomen
Bladder see Kidneys, Pelvis, Uterus
Breast see also Axilla

arterial 63
lymphatic & venous 64

Buttock see Gluteum
Caecum see Abdomen GIT
Carpal tunnel see Hand
Chest Wall see also Abdomen, Lungs
great vessels 65
heart 66
heart valves sounds 67
incision or marks = scars 68
lungs & pleura 69
Cubital Fossa 73
Diaphragm + assoc structures see also Oesophagus 75
Duodenum see Abdomen GIT Kidneys
Ear

77

Elbow see arm, cubital fossa, forearm
Eye

79

Face

arteries 83
bones see also TMJ 89
Facial N 91
muscles 93
veins 95

Femoral triangle

contents & borders 97
muscles & bones 99

Finger see Hand
Flexor Retinaculum see Hand
Foot

dorsum

bones 101
tendons 103

sole
fascia / muscle layers 105
bones / dermatomes 110

Forearm

bones 113
muscles 115

© Dr Amanda Neill

The A to Z of Surface Anatomy

© A. L. Neill

5

Gall Bladder see Abdomen GIT, Diaphragm
Genitalia –

female 121
male see Penis Testis
Gluteum / Gluteal region
bones 123
muscles / Sciatic N 125

Handsee also grips

bones 127
dorsum extensors 129
palm

features 131
flexors 133
flexor retinaculum 135
thenar/ hypothenar eminences 137
Head see Face, Neck, Temporomandibular joint
Heartsee also Chest, Oesophagus 139
Hip see also Gluteum 141
Hyoid see Neck, Thyroid
Inguinal nodes superficial 143
Kidneys see also Back 145
Knee see also lower leg, popliteal fossa, Thigh 147
Large Intestine see Abdomen GIT 149
Leg / Lower leg

muscles and bones 151
Liver see Abdomen non-GIT, Diaphragm
Lungs see also Abdomen, Chest 157
Lymph nodes see Axilla, Breast, Inguinal, Mouth, Neck
Mouth

salivary glands 159
tonsil & uvula 161

Nail

163

Neck

BVs & access points 165
LNsand veins 167
submandibular regions 169
triangles 171

Nipples see Breast
Nose

175
Oesophagus 185
Ovaries see Pelvis, Uterus
Pancreas see Abdomen non-GIT, Kidneys
Pelvis see Genitalia, Perineum, Uterus also specific organs listed

© Dr Amanda Neill

Penis 187
Perineum see also Genitalia 189
Phrenic Nsee Oesophagus
Pleura see Chest, Lungs
Popliteal fossa 193
Rectum see Abdomen GIT, Pelvis, Perineum, Sigmoid colon
Salivary Glands see Head, Mouth, Neck
Sciatic N see also Gluteum 195
Scrotum see Femoral Triangle, Penis, Testis
Shoulder

bones 197
BVs & Ns 199
muscles 201
Sigmoid Colonsee Abdomen GIT, Large Intestine
Sinuses 207
Small Intestine see Abdomen GIT
Spleen see Abdomen, Back, Diaphragm
Stomach see also Abdomen 209
Teeth see Face, Mouth, TMJ
A to Z of the Head & Neck for complete map

Temporomandibular Joint 211
Testis/Testes see also Femoral Triangle, Penis, Scrotum Perineum 213
Thigh see also Femoral Triangle, Hip & Knee
muscle 215

Throat see Mouth
Thumb 217
Thymus see also Oesophagus 219
Thyroidsee also Neck 219
Tongue see also Mouth 221
Tonsil see Mouth, Tongue
Trachea see also Neck 225
Trunk see Abdomen, Back
Umbilicus see Abdomen
Ureter see Kidneys
Uterus see also Pelvis 227
Uvula see Mouth, Tongue
Vagina see Pelvis, Perineum
Vagus N see Oesophagus
Womb see uterus
Wristsee also Hand & grips 229

6

The A to Z of Surface Anatomy

© A. L. Neill

© Dr Amanda Neill

The A to Z of Surface Anatomy

© A. L. Neill

7

A = atrium, (pl atria) / actions
/ movements of a joint
abdo = abdomen / abdominal
ACF = anterior cranial fossa
adj. = adjective
AIIS = anterior inferior iliac spine
aka = also known as
alt. = alternative
AM = arachnoid mater
ANS = autonomic nervous system
ant = anterior
art. = artery
AS = Alternative Spelling, generally
referring to the diff. b/n British
& American spelling
ASIS = anterior superior iliac spine
assoc.= associated with
AV = atrioventricular
B = blood
BBB = blood brain barrier
bc = because
BF = blood flow
BM = basement membrane
BP = brachial plexus
bpm = beats per minute
br = branch (of a vessel)
BS = blood supply / blood stream
b/n = between
cap. = capillary
c.f. = compared to
C = carpal
C = cervical
CC = costal border
CC = costal cartilage
CH = cerebral hemispheres
cm = cell membrane
CNS = central nervous system
collat. = collateral
CP = cervical plexus
Cr = cranial
CSF = Cerebrospinal fluid
CT = connective tissue
CVA = cerebrovascular accident
= stroke

defn = definition
diff. = difference(s)
dist. = distal
DM = dura mater
DVT = deep vein thrombosis
EAM = external auditory meatus
e.g. = example
EC = extracellular (outside the cell)
ECG = electrocardiogram
ED = extensor digitorum
ER = Extensor Retinaculum
FDP = Flexor digitorum porofundus
FDS = Flexor digitorum superficialis
FPB = Flexor pollicus brevis
FPL = Flexor pollicus longus
FR = Flexor Retinaculum
Gk. = Greek
H = hormone(s)
H = hypochondrium - 2 upper
abdo regions
HB = heart beat
HF = heart failure
HR = heart rate
HS = heart sounds
IC = intercostal
IC = intercarpal
ICS = intercostal space
IP = interphalangeal
Ix = investigation
IVC = inferior vena cava
jt(s) = joints = articulations
L = left
L = lumbar
LA = Left Atrium
lat. = lateral
LH = left hypochondrium
LL = lower limb
LIF = left iliac fossa
lig = ligament
Lt. = Latin
MC = metacarpal
MCF = middle cranial fossa
MCL = mid clavicular line
MCP = metacarpophalangeal

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