Report on

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT-2006; IN CASE OF µSAFETY¶ ON EASTERN CABLES LIMITED

PREMIER UNIVERSITY, Chittagong

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT-2006; IN CASE OF µSAFETY¶ ON EASTERN CABLES LIMITED

SUBMITTED TO
Rahima Begum Lecturer Department of Business Studies Faculty of Business Administration

SUBMITTED BY
Group: C HRM, Semester-8th Faculty of Business Administration

Name of the students Kazi Md. Abdullah (L) SyedaFarhana Anwar Afroaza Sultana RitonChakma Jonathan Luke D¶silva Clive Luke D¶silva Labor Law

Roll No. 01 09 21 07 24

SUBMISSION DATE: 23 April 2008

Premier University, Chittagong

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Letter of Transmittal

Date: TO Rahima Begum
Lecturer Department of Business Studies

Faculty of Business Administration

Subject: Submission Report on Labor Law

Dear Madam, Here we are submitting our report on ³THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT-2006; IN CASE OF µSAFETY¶ ON EASTERN CABLES LIMITED´ prescribed by you in your course Labor Law. For this Purpose, we have gone through internet, different books, articles, journals, interview of authorities and employees of the respective organizations and class lecture sheets for the relevant information of the assigned topic. Please call me for any further information at your convenient time and place.

Yours truly, Group: C HRM, Semester-8th Faculty of Business Administration Premier University, Chittagong

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Letter of Authorization

Date: TO Rahima Begum
Lecturer Department of Business Studies

Faculty of Business Administration

Subject: Declaration regarding the validity of the research report. Dear Madam, This is our truthful declaration that the ³THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT-2006; IN CASE OF µSAFETY¶ ON EASTERN CABLES LIMITED´ we have been prepared is not a copy of any research report previously made by any other students. We also express my honest confirmation in support of the fact that the said ³Report´ has neither been used before to fulfill any other course related purpose nor it will be submitted to any other person or authority in future.

Yours truly, Group: C HRM, Semester-8th Faculty of Business Administration Premier University, Chittagong

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

During the period of surveying Eastern Cables Limited and preparing the report, we had gained altruistic assistance from a number of persons including our honorable and respectable course teacher MissRahima Begum, lecturer, Department of Business Studies, Faculty of Business Administration.

We are thankful to the respective personnel specially Mr. MizbahurRahman (MD), Mr. Md. Fakhruddin (Manager, Administration) of this organization because they showed their highest degree of temperament in answering our relentless questions. Such if their friendly cooperation and kindness did not even allow us to strive for a single moment for.

Last, thanks to every members of this group. They put their spontaneous endeavors and best effort to complete the report successfully.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Table of Contents
Chapter 1
Executive Summary «««««««««««««««««..«««««««««««. 01 Scope and Objective of the Study «««««««««««««««..«««««««... 02 Methodology of the Study ««««««««««««««««««..«««««««... 03 Limitation of the Study «««««««««««««««««««..«««««««... 04

Chapter 2
Introduction ««««««««««...««««««««««««««««««««.. 05 Definition of Labor Law ««..««««««.««««««««««««««.. 06 Objectives of the Bangladesh Labor Act«««««««...«««««««««. 06 Company Chronology««««««««««««...«««««««««««... 07
Mission, Vision, Core objective «««««««..«««««...««««««««.. 08

Quality policy of Orion Infusion Limited «««««««««.«..««««««. 09 We Take Care of Our Environment««««.««««««««..«««..««« 10 Skilled People are their Asset «««««««««««««««««««.««.. 11

Chapter 3
Health and Hygiene in the Commercial and Industrial Establishment «««««.«... 12 Analysis of Cleanliness in Orion Infusion Limited ««««««««««««. 14 Analysis of Ventilation and Temperature in Orion Infusion Limited «««««. 16

Executive Summary

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

This report is an assigned job as a partial fulfillment of course requirement by honorable Course teacher Miss Rahima Begum, Lecturer,Department of Business Studies,Faculty of Business Administration, Premier University,Chittagong. It is the optimum aggregated outcome of 6 pupils¶ about³THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT-2006; IN CASE OF µSAFETY¶ ON EASTERN CABLES LIMITED´. The goal of this report is to find out thebasic safety condition, in case ofEastern cables Limited. Eastern Cables Limited is almost committed to create safety environment, according to the law, in all around factory to make the labor more comfortableat their job. They consider their skilled people as asserts for their organization. And the skilled people are at that time providing their full capacity when they feel safety on work place

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

SCOPE AND OBJECTIVE OF THE REPORT

As a business expectative of future, we should have to gather experience beside our institutional education. We should not concern our lesson only in classroom but to implement it in practical life that will help us in our future life.

So, identify objectives is very much important. Our purpose of preparing the report is: To identify and know the Bangladesh Labor Act, 2006. To identify how the organization maintains Safety for their employees. To know how the organization uses Safety to achieve the organizational goals and objectives. To find out how effectively the Bangladesh Labor Act, 2006 work in the organization. To learn implementation of Labor Act through analysis etc.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

METHODOLOGY OF THE STUDY
Collection of data is an important part of a term paper preparation. In preparing the report we have maintained some steps. Which are given bellow ²

Step-1: At first, we select Eastern cables limited for making our report on ³implementation of the Bangladesh Labor Act-2006 in case Safety´ practices of a particular organization.

Step-2: We went to the Eastern Cables limited with group and meet with the managers and other employees.

Step-3: Then we collect various (primary and secondary) data from the manager about the ³implementation of the Bangladesh Labor Act-2006 in case of Safety´

Step-4: Process the data through taking helpful hints from our course teacher..

Step-5: Again analysis and interpretation the data.

Step-6: Finally, we prepared our report.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
It was not so easy to us prepare such type of report as the following reasons was existed. This report is based on the Bangladesh Labor Act, 2006 in case of Safety. We don¶t have sufficient knowledge about Business Law.

This is an analysis based report. An analysis on law is very difficult and it needs sufficient time. But we do not have surplus time to make such kind of analytical report.

As the Eastern Cables Limited is a government organization, the authority try to keep some information confidential. As a result we were not capable to collect the total expected information from them.

Although we face some limitation, we were trying our best to overcome these complexities and provide information as far as possible.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Introduction
The Bangladesh Labor Act, 2006 is not enacted a day, Bangladesh has a long heritage in terms of labor laws. The main purpose of the Bangladesh Labor Act, 2006 is to consolidate and amend the existing loss relating to labor and industrial affairs. The Bangladesh Labor Act, 2006 provides some provisions in sections 61-78 pertinent to Safety issues of workers in Bangladesh.The Act has motioned regarding Building & machinery, fire, fencing machinery, self-acting machine, Casing of machinery, cranes & other lifting machinery, hoists and lifts, revolving machine, pressure plant, floors and stairs, excessive weights, protection of eyes, dangerous fumes, etc. The subject of safety in the commercial and industrial establishment deals with the science and arts of the preservation and improvement of the safety as well as comfort to work for the employees.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Definition of Labor Law Labor Law is designed to control and govern the continuous process by which workers and management decide the terms and conditions of employment. It is based almost entirely on statutes passed by the parliament during last seventy years. Labor Law regulates matters such as, labor employment, remunerations, condition of works, trade unions and labor management relations. It also indicates that the rules and regulations which cope with employees¶ right to join trade union, In particular, benefits of workers, conditions of level, especially maternity leave for women workers, social security for workers, and safety for workers. However, Labor Law is the study of a tripartite industrial relationship between worker, employer and trade union. This involves collective bargaining regulation, and the right to strike. Individual employment Law referred to workplace rights, such as health and safety or minimum wage.

Objectives of the Bangladesh Labor Act,2006 The main purpose of the Bangladesh Labor Act, 2006 is to consolidate and amend the existing loss relating to labor and industrial affairs. The other objective of the Bangladesh Labor Act, 2006 are to appoint labor, to increase relationship between labor and employers, to satisfy the lowest wages of the labor, to discourages wages, to compensate for the ulcerating the labor, to form of the trade unions, to regulate the relations of any differences or disputes arising between labor and employers to protect the social security of the labor including health, safety and welfare. Labor Law encourages and promotes those purposes by pacing statutory limitation on employer interferences with the right of employees with selforganizations and barging collectivity and because union, too, may abuse their power, Labor Law also acts to curb and control union activities.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Safety Safety is defined as "Protection of physical health of people in the organization and prevention of work related injuries and accidents." The safety awareness programs are very important to industrial employees. The safety rules need to be laid down and be enforced by every organization. Safety is primarily the responsibility of the management. This responsibility should rest on the shoulders of all cadres of management; such as plant managers, maintenance engineers, supervisors, foremen and safety managers.

Safety measures prevent accidents and ensure regular flow of work. In turn, it helps, to increase not only the workers morale but also productivity of the organization without fear unless otherwise safe working conditions are provided. The employer has primary responsibility to provide or arrange such type of environment. The main causes of accidents may be Human causes like: age, education, health condition, experience, psychological factors, social factors etc., or Technical Causes like, hazardous arrangement, defective equipment, poor housekeeping etc., or Environment causes like, poor lighting and ventilation, congestion and over-crowding, humidity, long hours of work and high speed working machines.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Company Chronology

EASTERN CABLES LIMITED (An enterprise of Bangladesh Steel & Engineering Corporation)

Location / address: Patenga, Chittagong. Telephone: 88-031-740464, 88-031-742197 Fax: 88-031-740503 E-mail: info@easterncables.com Web site:www.easterncables.com Background:

Eastern Cables Ltd. with its office and factory at Patenga, Chittagong was established in 1967 and started its commercial production on 1st March 1971 for manufacturing of electric cables and conductors. Eastern Cables Limited, a subsidiary Company of Bangladesh Steel & Engineering Corporation (BSEC) is the pioneer of electric cable and conductor manufacture in Bangladesh. The product range not only includes PVC insulated and PVC sheathed single core and multi core low tension domestic cable but also control, flexible and power cables with copper conductor having continuous permissible voltage grade up to 12 KV. Different sizes of bare and insulated All Aluminum Conductor (AAC) and Aluminum Conductor Steel Reinforced (ACSR) are also being manufactured here. We are committed to extend the activities of the Company aiming new heights and avenues with our efficient & effective skill and technology and human resources. The Company aims at playing vital role in the transmission and distribution of electric power in the country by producing quality power cables and conductors and also contributes a considerable amount to the national exchequer every year.
Achievement:

In recognition of the quality products and services rendered to the country, the company was conferred with the National Trophy several times.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006 Future Programme:

The company has plan to install XLPE (Cross linked Polyethylene) cable production line and install Copper Rod Mills as backward linkage.
Name of the Members of the Board of Directors of the enterprise: Sl. Name 1 Mr. Mohammad Abu Hafiz Chairman, BSEC. Telephone: 88-02-8114616 & 88-02-8112808 Mrs. ShahnazParvin Cell No.: 01721431275 Mr. Md. Abdul Momen Member (Engineering) Additional Duty, Rural Electrification Board (REB) Head Office, Nikunja-2, Khilkhat, Dhaka-1229. Mr. ZabedMostofa P.S. to Minister for Industries, Ministry of Industry. Telephone: 88-02-9564250 Mr. MizbahurRahman Managing Director, Eastern Cables Ltd. Telephone: 88-031-740464 Mr. Md. A.S. ShahudulHaque Bulbul House No.-15, Road No.-3, Dhaka Cantonment R/A. Telephone: Mr. GolamRabbani 137, Nazir Road, Feni Telephone: 88-0331-74124 Mr. Anawarul Kader Madrasa mahal, Mizan Road, Feni Telephone: 88-0171-107983 Mr. Anawar Sadat Madrasa mahal, Mizan Road, Feni Telephone: 88-0171-107983 Designation Chairman

2 3

Director Director

4

Director

5

Director

6

Director

7

Director

8

Director

9

Director

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Head of Enterprise: MizbahurRahman Managing Director Phone: 88-031-740464 Fax: 88-031-740503 E-mail: info@easterncables.com

Manpower: Officer 62 Staff 57 Worker 237 Total 356

Products:

Eastern Cables Limited produces 3 (three) types of cables of around 291 varieties and 2 (two) types of conductors, both bare and insulated.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Address of Sales & Display Centre: EASTERN CABLES LTD. Sales & Display Centre 95-96, BaitulMokarom, Dhaka. Phone: 88-02-9552680. Installed & Attainable Capacity of the Unit: Installed Capacity: 7300 M Tons per year Attainable Capacity: 4500 M Tons per year (Three shifts) Quality/Standard of the Products:

Cables and Conductors are manufactured here strictly according to international standard specifications.. This stamp of quality is ensured by the fact that the cables are being manufactured under license from the world-renowned Kabel-werkereinshagen of Germany. It is a matter of great pride that the fruits of accumulated experience of Kabel-werke-reinshagen enriched by its constant research and development work over a period of hundred years is being shared by Eastern Cables Limited from its very inception. Quality control laboratories and modern PVC compounding plant ensure the physical, chemical and electrical properties of all products as per standard specifications. PVC cables are manufactured in Eastern Cables Limited mainly according to Bangladesh Standard (BDS), German Metric Standard (VDE), and British Metric Standard. Bare and insulated AAC and ACSR conductors are also manufactured here complying to B.S and ASTM standards. On demand, cables and conductors are also manufactured here according to any International Standard.
Certification & Awards:

Eastern Cables Limited has achieved ISO 9002:1994 Certificate on 26.03.2003 and ISO 9001:2000 Certificate on 22.04.2004 by developing quality management system. Eastern Cables Limited has also been awarded with the National Export Trophy several times for its great contribution to the national exports. Eastern Cables Limited is the associate member of Bangladesh Electrical Association, Dhaka, and Chittagong Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Chittagong.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Major Raw Material used by the Unit: Name of Major Raw Materials 9.5 mm Aluminium Wire 8.00 mm Copper Wire PVC Resin DOP Stabilizer For PVC Compound Chalk Powder Soot paste Paraffin wax Steel Core (different sizes) Steel flat wire (different sizes) Steel Strip (different sizes) Source Foreign/Local Foreign/Local Foreign Foreign Local Foreign Foreign Foreign Foreign Foreign Foreign Foreign Average Yearly Consumption (MT) 1100 900 370 160 20 150 6 5 350 50 30

Performance of last 6(Six) years: (Qty. in M. Ton) 2009-10 2007-08 2,972 2,905 4.81 2008-09 813 864 0.39 1647 1661 2.08

Description 2004-05 Production Sales Profit/-Loss(Cr.Tk.) 3,015 3,349 3.45 2005-06 3,129 3,334 3.42

Financial Year 2006-07 3,128 3,087 4.02

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Safety

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Rules Regarding Safety of building and machinery 61. (1) If it appears to the Inspector that any building or part of a building or any

part of the ways, machinery or plant in an establishment is in such a condition that it is dangerous to human life or safety, he may serve on the employer a written order in writing specifying the measures which, in his opinion, should be adopted, and requiring them to be carried out within the time specified in the order.

(2) If it appears to the Inspector that the use of any building or part of a building or any part of the ways, machinery or plant in an establishment involves imminent danger to human life or safety, he may serve on the employer an order in writing prohibiting its use until it has been property repaired or altered.

Analysis of safety of building and machinery in Eastern Cables Limited As we visited in Eastern cables Limited we saw that the buildings were built at the beginning of the industry. The main office building is 4 storied and the factory is one. After passing more than 40 years they did not build any new building. The buildings are too old to modify and we feel it is dangerous for the employee and worker.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Rules Regarding Precaution in case of Fire 62. (1) Every establishment shall be provided with such means of escape,

including an alternative stair connected to every floor, in case of fire and firefighting apparatus, as may be prescribed. (2) If it appears to the Inspector that any establishment is not provided with the means of escape prescribed under sub-section (1), be may serve on the employer of the establishment an order in writing specifying the measures which, in his opinion, should be adopted within a time specified in the order. (3) In every establishment the doors affording exit from any room, shall not be locked or fastened so that they can be easily and immediately opened from inside while -any person is within the room, and all such doors, unless they are of the sliding type, shall be 'Constructed to open outwards or where the door is between two rooms, in the direction of the nearest exit from the building and no such door shall be locked or obstructed while work is being carried on in the room. (4) In every establishment every window, door, or other exit affording means of escape in case of fire, other than the means of exit in ordinary use, shall be distinctively marked in red in Bangla a language or by some other effective and clearly understood sign. (5) In every establishment there shall be provided effective and .clearly audible means of giving warning in case of fire to every person employed therein. (6) A free passage-way giving access to each means of escape in case of fire shall be maintained for the use of all workers in every room of the establishment. (7) In every establishment wherein more than ten workers are ordinarily employed in any place above the ground floor, or explosive or highly inflammable

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

materials are used or stored/effective measures shall be taken to ensure that all the workers are familiar with the means of escape in case of fire and have been adequately trained in the routine to be followed in such case. (8) In every establishment or factory wherein fifty or more workers are employed, a fire-fighting demonstration must be held at least once in a year and a record book shall be maintained for this purpose in the manner prescribed by the employer. Analysis of Precaution in Case of fire in Eastern Cables Limited In case of fire Eastern Cables Limited is not ready to fight with the fire because they have not own enough and modem equipment. They have only fewFire Extinguishers that are not enough in time of heavy fire. They also lack of firefighting apparatus according to the Law. The factory is on storied as there is no fire exist stair, but they have 3 exits door. The stairs of the main building is too narrow to run away in time of hurry. The doors of the office or factory are not looked or fastened so they can be easily opened in from inside. There is no marked or sign of the exit door in the office or factory of the Eastern Cables Limited. They also didn¶t have any siren or audible equipment in case of fire. Eastern cables didn¶t provide any training to the workers who have work with chemical and inflammable materials. According to Bangladesh Labor Act, 2006 every organization should arrange a fire fighting demonstration but Eastern Cables Limited did not arrange such kind of

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

demonstration. They only provide some training to the securities who have worked in the organization which is not sufficient in case of fire.

Rules Regarding Fencing of Machinery 63. (1) In every establishment the following shall be securely fenced by the

safeguards of substantial construction which shall be kept in a position while the part of machinery required to be fenced are in motion or in use, namely(a) every moving part of a prime mover, and every fly wheel connected to a prime mover; (b) the head-race and tail-race of every water wheel and water turbine; (c) any part of a stock-bar which projects beyond the head stock of a lathe; and (d) unless they are in such position or of such construction as to be as safe to every person employed in the factory as they would be if they were securely fenced(i) every part of an electric generator, a motor or rotary converter; (ii) every part of transmission machinery; and (iii) every dangerous part of any machinery: Provided that, for the purpose of determining whether any part of machinery is in such a position or is of such construction as to be safe as aforesaid,

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

account shall not be taken of any occasion when it being necessary to make an examination of the machinery in accordance with the provisions of section 64. (2) Without prejudice to any other provision of this Code relating to the fencing of machinery, every set screw, bolt and key on any revolving shaft, spindle wheel or pinion and all spur, worm and other toothed or friction gearing in motion with which such worker would otherwise be liable to come into contact, shall be, securely fenced, to prevent such contact.

Analysis of Fencing of Machinery in Eastern Cables Limited As we know before Eastern Cables Limited is a heavy industry and uses highly sensitive machine from which accident can occur at any time, by a little mistake. To avoid this accident and make the environment safety they fencing their heavy equipment with steel safeguard. But in time of our visit we saw some machines are not fencing and worker are work around them. There are separate rooms for the generators and trained operators are worked there. Without any permission no one can enter those rooms.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Rules Regarding Work on or Near Machinery in Motion 64. (1) where in any establishment it becomes necessary to examine any part of

machinery referred to in section 63 while the machinery is in motion, or as a result of such examination, to carry out any mounting or shipping of belts, lubrication or other adjusting! operation while the machinery is in motion, such examination of operation shall be made or carried out only by a specially trained 1 adult male worker, wearing tight-fitting clothing whose name has been recorded in the register prescribed in this behalf and while he is so engaged such worker shall not handle a belt at a moving pulley unless the belt is less than 15 centimeters in width and unless the, belt-joint is either laced or flush with the belt. (2) The Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, prohibit, in any specified establishment, the cleaning, lubricating of adjusting by any person, of specified parts of machinery when those parts are in motion.

Analysis of Work on or Near Machinery in Motion in Eastern Cables Limited In Eastern Cables Limited the whole production system is done by machine, there is less human effort. So there is no need to go to the machine while machines are running. Only trained operators handle this machine from raw material to finished goods. In time of maintenance, cleaning lubricating or adjusting the worker work under an engineer. But the workers are not well trained.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Rules Regarding Striking Gear and Devices for Cutting Off Power 65. (1) in every establishment(a) suitable striking gear or other efficient mechanical appliances shall be provided and maintained and used to move driving belts to and from fast and loose pulleys which form part of the transmission machinery, and such gear or appliances shall be so constructed, placed and maintained to prevent the belt from cropping back on the first pulleys; (b) Driving belts when not in use shall not be allowed to rest or ride

upon shafting in motion. (2) In every establishment suitable devices for cutting off power in emergencies from running machinery shall be provided maintained in every workroom. Analysis of Striking Gear and Devices for Cutting off Power in Eastern Cables Limited Eastern Cables Limited has emergency power off switch for every machine they have owned. They also have circuit breaker and fuse in each and every room.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Rules Regarding Self-acting machines 66. No traversing part of a self-acting machine in any factory and no material

carried thereon shall, if the space over which it runs is a space over which any person is liable to pass whether in the course of his employment or otherwise be allowed to run on its outward or inward traverse within a distance of 45 centimeters from any fixed structures which is not part of the machine; Provided that the Chief Inspector may permit the continued use of a machine installed before the commencement of this Code which does not comply with the requirements of this section on such condition for ensuring safety as he may think fit to impose.

Analysis of Self-acting Machines in Eastern Cables Limited Eastern Cables Limited have 10 self-acting machine in their factory. These machines are highly sensitive and to provide safety for the worker this machine are placed very carefully. There is now path over those machines. Those machines are operated by highly trained operator.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Rules Regarding Casing of New Machinery 67. (1) In all machinery driven by power and installed in any establishment after

the commencement of this Code(a) every set screw, belt or key or any revolving shaft, spindle, wheel or pinion shall be so sunk, encased or otherwise effectively guarded as to prevent danger; and (b) all spur, worm and other toothed or friction gearing which does not require frequent adjustment while in motion shall be completely encased unless it is so situated as to be as safe as it would be if it were completely encased.

Analysis of Casing of New Machinery in Eastern Cables Limited As we mentioned before Eastern Cables Limited fencing most of their machine.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Rules Regarding Cranes and other Lifting Machinery
68. (1) The following provisions shall apply in respect of cranes and all other lifting machinery, other than hoists and lifts, in any establishment(a) every part thereof, including the working gear, whether fixed or movable, ropes and chains and anchoring and fixing appliances shall be(i) of good construction, sound material and adequate strength; (ii) properly maintained; (iii) thoroughly examined by a competent person at lest once in every period of twenty months, and a register shall be kept containing the prescribed particulars of every such examination; (b) no such machinery shall be loaded beyond the safe working load which shall be plainly marked thereon; and (c) while any person is employed or working on or near the wheel-tract of a traveling crane in any place where he would be liable to be struck by the crane effective measures shall be taken to ensure that the crane does not approach within 6 meter of that place. Analysis of Cranes and Other Lifting Machinery in Eastern Cables Limited Eastern Cables Limited has 5 cranes for loading and unloading their raw materials and finished goods. They were bought by international tender and the seller ensures that the cranes are highly capable to load the essential weight. They did not examine these cranes as law but at their own time schedule which is between 2 or 3 years. As the law mentioned that cranes must loaded beyond the safe working load which marked there on but it is not possible for Eastern Cables Limited to ensure this.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Rules Regarding Hoists and lifts 70. (1) In every establishment every hoist and lift shall be(a) of good mechanical construction, sound material and adequate strength; (b) properly maintained, (c) shall be thoroughly examined by a competent person at last once in every period of six month and a register shall be kept containing the prescribed particulars of every such examination. (2) Every hoist way and lift way shall be sufficiently protected by an enclosure fitted with gates, and the hoist or lift and every such enclosure shall be so constructed as to prevent any person or thing from being trapped between any part of the hoist or lift and any fixed structure or moving part; (3) The maximum safe working load shall be plainly marked on every hoist or lift, and greater than such load shall be carried thereon; (4) The cage of every hoist or lift used for carrying persons shall be fitted with a gate on each side from which access is afforded to a landing; (5) Every gate referred to in clause (2) or clause (4) shall be fitted with interlocking or other efficient device to secure that the gate cannot be opened except when the cage is at the landing and that cage cannot be moved unless the gate is closed. (6) The following additional requirements shall apply to hoists and lifts used for carrying persons and installed or reconstructed in an establishment after the commencement of this Code, namely-

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

(a) where the cage is supported by rope or chain there shall be at least two ropes or chains separately connected with the cage and balance weight, and each rope or chain with its attachments shall be capable of carrying the whole weight of the cage together with its maximum load; (b) efficient devices shall be provided and maintained capable of supporting the cage together with its maximum load in the event of brakeage of the ropes, chains or attachments; (c) an efficient automatic device shall be provided and capable maintained to prevent the cage from over-running. (7) The Chief Inspector may permit the continued use of a hoist ©r lift installed in an establishment before the commencement of this which does not fully comply with the provisions of sub- section (1), (2), (3), (4), and (5) upon such conditions for ensuring safety as he may think fit to impose.

Analysis of Hoists and Lifts in Eastern Cables Limited There is no hoists and lifts in Eastern Cables Limited.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Rules Regarding Revolving Machinery 70. (1) In every room in an establishment in which the process of grinding is

carried on, there shall be permanently affixed to, or placed near, each machine in use a notice indicating(a) the maximum safe working peripheral speed of every grind stone or abrasive wheel, (b) the speed of the shaft or spindle upon which the wheel is mounted; and (c) the diameter of the pulley upon such shaft or spindle necessary to secure such safe working peripheral speed. (2) The speeds indicated in notices under sub-section (1) shall not be exceeded. (3) Effective measure shall be taken in every establishment to ensure that the safe working peripheral speed of every revolving vessel, cage, basket, flywheel, pulley disc or similar appliance driven by power is not exceeded.

Analysis of Revolving Machinery in Eastern Cables Limited Eastern Cables Limited placed a notice which contains the operating manual of revolving machinery. All revolving machinery is observed under an engineer. The engineer maintain the speed of the revolving machine because the exceed speed can cause accident and hamper their production.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Rules Regarding Pressure Plant 71. If in any establishment any part of the plant or machinery used in

manufacturing process is operated at a pressure above atmospheric pressure, effective measures shall be taken to ensure that the safe working pressure of such part is not exceeded.

Analysis of Pressure Plant in Eastern Cables Limited Eastern Cables Limited have three pressure plant by which they examine the strength and longevity of the cables they produced. This machines are fully computerized.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Rules Regarding Floors, Stairs, and Means of Access 72. In ever establishment(a) all floors, stairs, passages and gangways shall be of sound construction and properly maintained and where it is necessary to ensure safety, steps, stairs, passages and gangways shall be provided with substantial handrails; (b) there shall, so far as is reasonably practicable, be provided and maintained safe means of access to every place at which any person is, at any time, required to work; and (c) all floors, stairs and gangways shall be wide and obstacle free.

Analysis of Floors, Stairs and Mean of Access in Eastern Cables Limited In the time of our visit we saw that some place in the floors and passage are not well constructed. There are hole here and there. The factory manager said that this is because the factory was established long year ago and don¶t repair them frequently. This is also caused by handling heavy finished goods. We also saw that the raw materials and finished goods were kept in the factory hazardously which create obstacles for worker and any time cause any type of accident. But it is not the scenario of the entire factory, the overall factory floors and passages are wide, clean and obstacle free.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Rules Regarding Pits, Sumps, Opening in Floors, etc. 73. Pits, sumps, opening in floors, etc.- In every establishment, every fixed

vessel, sump, tank, pit or opening in the ground or in a floor which, by reason of its depth, situation, construction or contents, is or may be a source of danger, shall be either securely covered or securely fenced.

Analysis of Pits, Sumps, opening in floors, etc. in Eastern Cables Limited There are no pits, sumps, opening in floors, etc. in eastern Cables Limited.

Rules Regarding Excessive Weights 74. Excessive weights.- No person shall be employed in any establishment to

lift, carry or move any load so heavy as to be likely to cause him injury.

Analysis of Pits, Sumps, opening in floors, etc. in Eastern Cables Limited No one of the Eastern Cables Limited¶s worker carry their excessive weights. Production Manager Engr. Palash Kumar Dey said it is impossible because all the products or raw materials are too heavy to carry for human. Those products or raw materials are carried by small crane.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Rules Regarding Protection of Eyes 75. The Government may, in respect of any manufacturing process carried on in

any establishment, by rules, require that effective screens of suitable goggles shall be provided for the protection of persons employed on, or in the immediate vicinity of a process which involves(a) risk of injury to the eyes from particles or fragments thrown off in the course of the process, or (b) risk to the eyes by reason of exposure to excessive light or heat.

Analysis of Protection of Eyes in Eastern Cables Limited As a cable manufacturer company Eastern Cables Limited¶s worker need welding or participate in works which create particles or fragments. For the safety of their worker Eastern Cables did not approve any such works without safety eye goggles. Eastern Cables limited give their worker safety eye goggles, hand gloves, and shoes twice a year.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Rules Regarding Precautions Against Dangerous Fumes 77. (1) In any establishment no person shall enter or be permitted to enter any

chamber, tank, vat, pit, pipe, flue or other confined space in which dangerous fumes are likely to be present to such an extent as to involve risks of persons being overcome thereby, unless it is provided with a manhole of adequate size or other effective means of egress. (2) No portable electric light of voltage exceeding twenty-four volts shall be permitted in any establishment for use inside any confined space such as if referred to in sub-section (1) and where the fumes present are likely to be inflammable, lamp or light other than of flame proof constitution shall be permitted to be used in such confined space. (3) No person in any establishment shall enter or be permitted to enter any confined space such as is referred to in sub-section (1) until all practicable measures have been taken to remove any fumes which may be present and to prevent any ingress of fumes and unless either(a) a certificate in writing has been given by a competent person, based on a test carried out by himself, that the space is free from dangerous fumes and fit for persons to enter; or (b) the workers is wearing suitable breathing apparatus and a belt securely attached to rope, the free end of which is held by a person standing outside the confined space. (4) Suitable breathing apparatus, reviving apparatus and belts and ropes shall, in every establishment, be kept ready for instant use beside any such confined space as aforesaid which any person has entered, and all such apparatus

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

shall be periodically examined and certified by a competent person to be fit for use; and a sufficient number of person employed in every establishment shall be trained and practiced in the use of all such apparatus and in the method of restoring respiration. (5) No person shall be permitted to enter in any establishment, any boiler furnace, boiler, flue, chamber, tank, vat, pipe or other confined space for the purpose of working or making any examination therein until it has been sufficiently cooled by ventilation or otherwise to be safe for persons to enter.

Analysis of Precautions against Dangerous Fumes in Eastern Cables Limited The last stage of cables manufacturing is Insulate them. In this process there produced gas which is not safety for the worker health, Cause Insulation process are made with PVC and other chemical. But the worker didn¶t use any musk. We also saw that the worker who works there all are not aware of wearing breathing apparatus. When we asked the production management about this he told us they advised the worker to wear musk in time of work Insulate center. The worker said they didn¶t know that this smoke is caused danger for their health. Even we also visit the insulate section without any musk.

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

Recommendation
Eastern Cables Limited is highly professionally managed organization and they are maintaining almost the same standard which the Bangladesh Labor Act said. For maintain safety appropriately, they are committed to keep the standard in most of the sector. Such as- Safety Building and Machinery, fire, cranes, floors, stairs and means of access, etc. However it also has some major problem in some of its sector. Such asThey should collect modern firefighting equipment. Increase the number of fire extinguisher. Arrange a yearly firefighting demonstration Train the worker who worked with chemical and inflammable materials about the precautions of fire.  Marked the door with red color to indicate the exit.  Repair the floors and repaired it yearly.  Provide musk for the worker who worked in Insulate section.    

THE BANGLADESH LABOR ACT, 2006

REFERENCES

³Annual Report,´ Eastern Cables Limited, Financial year 2008-2009 Engr. MizbahurRahman, Managing Director, Eatern Cables Limited Md. Fakhrudhin, Manager(Administration), Eastern cables Limited Engr. Palash Kumar Dey, Production Manager, eastern cables limited www.easterncables.com www.google.com www.wikipedia.org The Bangladesh Labour Code,2006 by MD. Abdul Halim&MasumSaifurRahman