Definition and purposes of Explanation Explanation is a text which tells processes relating to forming of natural, social, scientific and cultural phenomena. Explanation text is to say 'why' and 'how' about the forming of the phenomena. It is often found in science, geography and history text books. Generic structure of Explanation General statement; stating the phenomenon issues which are to be explained. Sequenced explanation; stating a series of steps which explain the phenomena. Language Feature Featuring generic participant; Using chronological connection; to Using passive Using simple present tense of sun, begin voice Explanation rain, etc with, next, etc pattern
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Between explanation and procedure Seeing the social function, both procedure and explanation texts have the similarity in which both describe how to make or done something. They give the detail description on something, phenomena, goods, product case or problem. To see the differences between explanation and procedure, we have to analyze the dominant language feature and how the texts are used. Procedure, this text type is commonly called as instruction text. It uses pattern of commend in building the structure. It use the to infinitive verb which is omitted the to . It is a kind of instruction text which uses full commend verb. Procedure is commonly used to describe how to make something which is close to our daily activity. For example how to make a cup of tea, how to make a good kite, etc is the best example of the procedure text. It is such word; first boil water, secondly prepare the cup, and so on. Explanation, it is commonly used the passive voice in building the text. Explanation is such a scientific written material. It describes how certain phenomenon or event happen. How a tornado form, how tsunami works are the best example of explanation text. It uses passive pattern in describing the topic.
Tsunami The term of ³tsunami´ comes from the Japanese which means harbour ("tsu") and wave ("nami"). A tsunami is a series of waves generated when water in a lake or a sea is rapidly displaced on a massive scale. A tsunami can be generated when the sea floor abruptly deforms and vertically displaces the overlying water. Such large vertical movements of the earth's crust can occur at plate boundaries. Subduction of earthquakes are particularly effective in generating tsunami, and occur where denser oceanic plates slip under continental plates.
Explanation text is compose to describe how something forms and why something exists and happens. and then only for a short period after sunset. moon and Venus is parallel. most people don t see these events because they are visible in the evening sky only half the time. written and data. What is an explanation text and how is the explanation text composed? Explanation text is structured by the generic level of general statement and followed with sequenced explanation. it is not unusual for the moon to appear to pass close to Venus. Venus planet will slowly disappear for a moment because it is covered the surface of the Moon. To have clear understanding on the explanation text. By these two technologies. people in most regions in the world have seen a very rare natural phenomenon. 2010. Tsunami always bring great damage. Like a radio. it radiates across the ocean like ripples on a pond. In fact. That is why. It was very rare amazing natural event. What is a cell phone? A cell phone is actually a radio in certain way. Venus eclipses occurs when the position of the earth. Venus planet seems to move to the back side of the Moon. Even nowadays. The apparent closeness varies from month to month as well. However. Note: This example of explanation text about how Venus eclipse happens is
How cell phone work
A cell phone is a great gadget in this modern world.As the displaced water mass moves under the influence of gravity to regain its equilibrium. It was reported that the Venus eclipse will seen again in the future in 2050. actually Venus eclipse is like Sun eclipse. Do you know how this rare Venus eclipse happens? Well. Alexander Graham Bell is the person who make great change in the way people communicate to each other. It was Venus eclipse. The moon and planets are sharing a similar apparent path in the sky. Most of the damage is caused by the huge mass of water behind the initial wave front. people use cell phones to communicate in voice. then a cell phone was born. He invented a telephone in 1876. let's see the following example of explanation text! How Venus Eclipse Happens On May 16. However do you know how actually cell phones work?
. Million people use cell phone for their communication. by a cell phone we can communicate to other people in real time. While wireless radio was formally known in 18994 presented by Guglielmo Marconi. as the height of the sea keeps rising fast and floods
How Venus eclipse happens is best given to an example of explanation texts. the moon appears somewhere near it about once a month.
the towers vary in the capacity and capability to receive signals. We have probably noticed that it gets warmer in summer or dry season while it get colder in the winter or wet season. The different parts of the world have the same season at different times. fiber optic-cables. How does this difference happen? The same season happens at different times because the top and bottom halves of the earth tilt away from the sun at different times. This cool condition is then what we call winter. The towers are networked to a central switching station.The regions are like South America and Australia. This switches on the fuel light in the car dashboard. The regions are such North America and Europe. the warning light is usually red which switches on automatically when the level of fuel in the tank is very low. This happens because the earth tilts back and forth as it goes around the sun. it makes that half of the earth cooler.
. Some can receive the signal from short distance and the others can receive more distance. winter happens during the months of December.
How do seasons happen? Seasons come to us regularly. it tells the driver that the petrol in the tank is almost empty. When this condition happens. motorcycles and other modern vehicles have fuel warning light devices. When the level of the fuel falls. The connection usually uses wire. When the light switches on red. Cellulars are pick up by the towers and relayed to another cellular telephone user or the user of wire-based telephone network. However do you know how the fuel warning works? Well this is the way the fuel warning light work and gives the driver information about the accurate amount of the petrol in the tank. In the northern half of the world . It makes half of the earth hotter. this condition is what we call summer. During the summer. the arm also moves downwards and it make the lever touch an electrical contact.This short explanation on how a cell phone work is really wonderful. As a result. The warning light gives the driver information about the amount of petrol in the tank.
HOW FUEL WARNINGLIGHT WORK Many cars. or microwave. the earth tilts toward the sun. However. the float inside the tank moves downwards. A cell phone or in long term "cellular telephone' works by transmitting signals of radio to towers of cellular. the earth tilts away from the sun. Then the central switching station which handles calls in certain given area is directed connected to the wire-based telephone system. there are usually more than one tower in certain given area so that the system can handle the increasing telephone traffic. In the other hand. Therefore he have to put more fuel into the tank. However do we know how these seasons change? Seasons happen and change every year. July and August. the southern half of the world have winter during the months of June. January and February. During the other half of the year.
This sudden release of energy causes the seismic waves. What make them more exposed is that most of them are English speaking people. When the rocks break. What makes superficially different is the way how they are structured. Like many other tourism objects. During the earthquake and afterward. This kind of text is composed to intendedly make clear explanation on how something is processed and why the thing is formed. In return it disconnects to the electrical contact and makes the red light switch off. The spot underground where the rock breaks is called the focus of the earthquake.The red light which appears in the fuel panel of the dashboard tells the driver that he needs more petrol for his car. It has brought great damages. but not moving. Why did it occur? Do you know how an earthquake happens? Earthquakes are usually caused when rock underground suddenly breaks along a fault. How Earthquakes Happen Earthquake is one of the most destroying natural disasters. They don't just slide smoothly. the earthquake occurs. Beside the beautiful beach and panorama. and they continue to move until they get stuck again. dances.
. It make the ground shake. the plates or blocks of rock start moving. When he pours more petrol into the tank. Recently a horrible earthquake has shaken West Sumatra. and temples. Bali is the best choice to visit. Unluckily it often happens in several regions.
How a kite flies is best at giving example of Explanation text. domestic and foreign tourists also enjoy the balinese local genius arts such as. the rocks break because of all the pressure that's built up. That is why Bali is well-known all over the wold. Bali also provide souvenir center which they can take home. If that what they want. The rocks are still pushing against each other. Bali lays at the part east of Java. After a while. Do you know why Bali island is so famous? A lot of tourists like fresh natural environment. Explanation text is one of the text types which is similar to Procedure. Bali has beautiful landscape dominated with green luxurious terrace fields. they stick a little. this condition makes the fuel level rise and it pushes the float upwards. beautiful sunrise in Sanur and fascinating sunset in Kuta beach. They spend their time to apply skill and imagination through painting.
Why is Bali Famous for Tourism Object? One of the famous tourism spots in Indonesia is Bali island. When two blocks of rock or two plates are rubbing against each other. Moreover Bali give fantastic view. carving dancing. Most of these objects are amazing. Most balinese people are artists. The place right above the focus is called the epicenter of the earthquake. Thousand domestic and foreign tourists visit Bali each month. puras.
Why do some result in macroscopic-level cancers and some do not? First. those which potentially divide and form cancer are effectively destroyed by the mechanisms available to the immune system. we can see that the text has the following generic structure: General Statement. Sequenced Explanation. They are used for military or scientific purposes. Second. Todays kites are much used for leisure and competition. The example bellow is re-composed from Jenny Eather's writing with fun. water and food. It focuses on the thing which is explained. Explanation text is structure in the mode of description. the introduction of the topic on with a brief definition on kites. It explain the important points of the kite. evolution and ageing of DNA. Cancer cells are formed continuously in the organism. The combination of push and pull can creates enough force to lift the kite into the air.000 cancer cells at any given time in a healthy person. Due to its light material a kite will lift off the ground and fly when it is tilted into the wind. chemicals in the air. The mutations may be also induced by other factors such as: nuclear and electromagnetic radiation. The lower stream hits the kite at a shallow angle and creates an area of high pressure. Cancer cells come from normal cells because of mutations of DNA. free radicals. it is split into two streams of air. The upper stream creates an area of low pressure above the kite. The high pressure area has a pushing effect while the low pressure area has a pulling effect. One stream of the air goes over the kite while the second stream goes under the kite. parasites. mechanical cell-level injury. A kite is uses wind to make it fly because it is heavier than air. In the other side. Kites have been known for thousand of years. All such factors can produce mutations that may start cancer. When wind travels over the surface of the kite. Procedure text is constructed in the mode of instruction and commend. How is a Kite Flying? A kite is an object which is made from a light material stretched over a frame.
CANCER What is cancer? It is actually a group of more than one hundred separate diseases.In one side. etc. That is why Procedure is sometimes called instruction text. Those mutations can occur spontaneously. not all damaged cells can multiply and many of them die quickly. viruses. From the above example of Explanation text. bacteria and fungi. Most of us are fear from cancer It is reasonable because next to heart disease. It focuses on the second person to explain how to form the thing. this is the main element of explanation text. It is estimated that there are about 10. The explanation of how kites fly is given in order. cancer is the second leading cause of death. Therefore cancer develops if the immune system is
. heat. now let's see another example of "How something is precessed/formed" which belongs to explanation text's social function. It really helps to make better understanding on explanation text. In my previous example of explanation text on Roman Roads was given to show how the explanation text gives clear note on "Why something is formed" To get clearer understanding of explanation text.
the Romans builders would clear the ground of rocks and trees. Then they dug a trench where the road was to go and filled it with big stones. kerb stones were put at each sides of the road to hold in the paving stones. the Eiffel Tower was built for the World Exhibition.not working properly or the amount of cells produced is too great for the immune system to eliminate.
(Partly taken from: www. which some of them are still in use today. Primarily. then we will see Eiffel Tower as one of them. cement and sand which they packed down to make a firm base. Everything has the reasonable background. Once the Eiffel Tower was proposed to be demolished but it was spared because the tower had the promising future as a radio tower. Next. providing suitable
. especially for the tower which is to be one of the most recognized buildings in the world. the army could march from one place to another. It is interesting to know how the roads were built. After that.
(Simplified from:www. pressure and pendulums were performed atop the unique famous building. They built the roads as straight as possible. The roads in Roman era were known as the best construction. How Roman Roads were Built The system of roads for mobility has been begun early decades. It was called Paris Exposition in 1889. Although few realized it. Many experiments were conducted atop the Eiffel Tower for radio transmission advancement. Additionally the Eiffel Tower was used for radio transmission tower. It was started since the Roman Empire conquered the world. pebbles. then they put paving stones to make the flat surface. they put in big stones.digital-recording
Why Eiffel Tower was Built If we talk about the Wonders of the World buildings. The exhibition was organized to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. It seemed that then the name of the tower was derived from the designer¶s last name. On top of that rough construction. so that the army could take the shortest route. The Romans built roads are for the purpose of mobility. the Eiffel Tower would become the prominent structure in terms of science and technology. The purpose of building Eiffel Tower in such structure was to show to the world France¶s advancement of technology and beauty. especially for the army. ³Eiffel´ Another reason on why the tower was built was for scientific progress. The Eiffel Tower was designed by Gustave Eiffel. However many of us do not know the tower¶s past history on why it was build. As the finishing touch. It was also used to make a channel for the water to run away.
How does Rain Happen? Rain is the primary source of fresh water for most areas of the world. These stones were cut so that they fitted together tightly. First. they added another layer of cement mixed with broken tiles. Many experiment with temperature. Having the best road.
conditions for diverse ecosystems. Chocolate starts a tree called cacao tree. The blended nibs are ground to make it a liquid. as well as water for hydroelectric power plants and crop irrigation. which is why the ground nibs from liquid. The earth is actually closer to the sun in winter than it is in summer but you would be forgiven for
. especially in place such as South America. The phenomenon of rain is actually a water circle. This process is called revolution. Then the nibs are blended. The water in the atmosphere cools and condenses into liquid droplets. However the sun does not actually move around the earth. cacao beans are half fat. This is called virga. The revolution process causes the changes of the season
Why summer daylight is longer than winter daylight in the summer. and Indonesia. the amount of daylight that we get is more than we get in winter. Next. It is pure bitter chocolate. The concept of the water cycle involves the sun heating the Earth's surface water and causing the surface water to evaporate. After that they are shipped to the chocolate maker.
How chocolate made Have we wondered how we get chocolate from? Well this time we will enter the amazing world of chocolate so we can understand exactly we are eating. The roasted beans are winnowed to remove the meat nib of the cacao bean from its shell. Different beans from different places have different qualities and flavour. The chocolate maker starts by roasting the beans to bring out the flavour. The earth also moves around the sun. The droplets grow until they are heavy and fall to the earth as precipitation which can be in the form of rain or snow. All seeds contain some amount of fat and cacao beans are not different. It causes day and night. However. the beans are fermented for about a week. The cacao tree produces a fruit about the size of a small pine apple. It is called as rotation. dry desert regions. They are also known as coco beans. This tree grows in equatorial regions. crosses the sky during the day and sets at night. Some evaporates while falling through dry air. dried in the sun. This is not because as much people think we are closer to the sun but because of the tilt of the earth. The water vapor rises into the Earth's atmosphere. not all rain reaches the surface. In side the fruits are the tree's seeds. It takes 365 days or a year. However. The next process is winnowing. So they are often shorted and blended to produce a distinctive mix. It tastes bitter. The liquid is called chocolate liquor.
How day and night happen The sun seems to rise in the morning. The earth makes a complete turn on its axis for 24 hours. Earth's turning on its axis makes it look as if the sun is moves. a phenomenon which is often seen in hot. Africa.
It seems strange that as the earth get closer to the sun during its orbit then the amount of daylight that we get decrease. stating the phenomenon whic daylight in summer is longer than in winter. Explanation. then. Using present tense. It is the tilt of the earth that determine the amount of daylight that we get and so the length of time that for us the sun is above the horizon. the earth is actually closer to the sun. Language Feature Analysis Focusing generic participant.uk) Generic Structure Analysis General statement.ictteachers. (Taken from: www.co. it is the tilt of the earth that determines the amount of daylight not the distance of the earth from the sun.thinking that this can not be true after looking out of your window on a cold and frosty morning. you would be forgiven. But that is the case. so. but. Using chronological connection. Using pasive voice. daylight.