# 1.5 Shear force diagram and bending moment diagram Shear force diagram (SFD): Graph of shear force V vs x .

Bending moment diagram (BMD): Graph of bending moment M vs x . Example 1.5.1: Draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam shown in Fig. 1.5.1.

Fig. 1.5.1. SFD and BMD for a simple beam with a concentrated load. (a) Determine reactions by considering the equilibrium of the entire beam. Pb + ΣM B = 0 : − RA L + Pb = 0 , . ⇒ RA = L Pa + ΣM A = 0 : − Pa + RB L = 0 , . ⇒ RB = L

(1.5.1.1)

(b) Cut the beam to the left of the load P at distance x from A (i.e., 0 < x < a ). From the freebody diagram of the left-hand part of the beam,

V = RA =

Pb Pbx , M = RA x = . L L

(1.5.1.2)

Shear force is constant from A to point of application of load P . Bending moment varies linearly with x . (c) Cut the beam to the right of the load P at distance x from A (i.e., a < x < L ). From the freebody diagram of the left-hand part of the beam,

Pbx Pb − Pa ⎛ x⎞ , M= − P( x − a) = Pa ⎜1 − ⎟ . −P= L L L ⎝ L⎠ Shear force is constant. Bending moment is a linear function of x .

V=

(1.5.1.3)

Note: It is easier to obtain eqn (1.5.1.3) by considering the right-hand part of the beam as a free body.
June 25, 2007

1.5-1

2) The SFD is a straight line.Example 1. 2 (1.5. at the crossdx section when V = 0 ). ⎝2⎠ ⎛L ⎞ ⇒V = q⎜ − x⎟ . June 25. Slope of line is − q .. . 1. SFD and BMD for a simple beam with a uniform load. Slope of the BMD dM is equal to the shear force V .1) (b) Cut the beam at distance x from A (i.. 1.5.e.2: Draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam shown in Fig. 0 < x < L ). .2.5-2 . From the free-body diagram of the lefthand part of the beam.2.e. + ↑ ΣFY = 0 : RA − qx − V = 0 . 2007 1. (a) Determine reactions by considering the equilibrium of the entire beam. Fig. + ⎛ x⎞ ΣM A = 0 : −(qx) ⎜ ⎟ − Vx + M = 0 .2. 2 ⎝2⎠ qL ⎛L⎞ ⇒ RB = + ΣM A = 0 : −(qL) ⎜ ⎟ + RB L = 0 . qL ⎛L⎞ ⇒ RA = + ΣM B = 0 : − RA L + (qL) ⎜ ⎟ = 0 .5.5.2.5. BMD is a parabolic curve. ⎝2 ⎠ qx ⇒ M = ( L − x) . The maximum BM occurs when = 0 (i. 2 ⎝2⎠ (1.

1.5.3: Draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam shown in Fig.Example 1. SFD and BMD for a beam. 1. June 25.5.3. 2007 1.3. Fig.5. Determine the maximum normal stress due to bending.5-3 .

5.5. 1.5.08 × 106 mm3 about the X − X axis.Example 1. Fig. S = 2. Determine the maximum normal stress in sections just to the left and just to the right of point D.4: Draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam shown in Fig. SFD and BMD for a beam. 2007 1. June 25.4.4.5-4 . 1.

2007 1.5-5 .June 25.