LIMBA ENGLEZA - INCEPATORI

STRUCTURA CURSULUI

 LECTIA 1: Fonetica, Alfabet, Scrierea cu majuscule, Titluri  LECTIA 2: Articolul  LECTIA 3: Pronumele, Substantivul, Genitivul  LECTIA 4: Numeralul cardinal si ordinal  LECTIA 5: Familia, Zilele saptamanii, Lunile anului  LECTIA 6: Adjectivul si Adverbul  LECTIA 7: Cum exprimi ora in limba engleza?  LECTIA 8: Prepozitii  LECTIA 9: Prezentul Simplu si Continuu  LECTIA 10: Trecutul Simplu si Continuu

LIMBA ENGLEZA - INCEPATORI

LECŢIA I – LESSON 1
Fonetica (Phonetics)

Lectia

1

Pronunţia în limba engleză
   

Vocale ( vowels) Consoane (consonants) Diftongi (diphthongs) Alte simboluri ( Other symbols)

Vocale (vowels) Vocale sunt clasificate în limba engleză în vocale lungi şi vocale scurte. Pronunţia acestora va fi exemplicată în tabelul următor: Vocale lungi ( long vowels ) meet farm Vocale scurte ( short vowels ) ship hat
Pronuntia in limba engleza

head above

LIMBA ENGLEZA - INCEPATORI

coo horse bird Consoanele (consonants)

foot (US) sock (UK) cup

mother

Consoanele

Consoanele sunt clasificate în limba engleză în voiced şi voiceless. Pronunţia acestora va fi exemplicată în tabelul următor: voiced book day give very the zoo vision jump look run yes we moon name sing voiceless pen town cat fish think say she cheese

!

Pronunţia diftongilor va fi exemplificată în tabelul următor:
Diftongii

Diftongii day eye boy mouth nose (UK) nose (US) ear (UK) hair (UK) pure (UK)

INCEPATORI Alte simboluri ( Other symbols) / h&nd / hand restaurant happy butter (US) influenza little Alte simboluri r – se pronunţă numai înaintea unei vocale în British English four four apples Accentul ! Accentul  Accent principal (main stress)  Accent secundar (secondary stress)  Despărţirea silabelor (syllable division) main stress secondary stress . Alfabetul (The alphabet) a [ei] I [ai] q [kju:] y [wai] b [bi:] j [gei] r [a:] c [si:] d [di:] k [kei] l[el] s [es] t ti:] e[i:] m[em] u [ju:] f[ef] n [en] v [vi:] g[dji:] o [ou] w['dablju:] h [eitch] p [pi:] x [eks] expectation retell system Alfabetul syllable division z [zed] .LIMBA ENGLEZA .

Alfabetul fonetic (The Phonetic Alphabet) A C E G I K M O Q S U W Y Alpha Charlie Earth Golf Italy Kilo Michael Oliver Question School Uniform Whisky Yankee B D F H J L N P R T V X Z Boy Day Fox housel Joy Lady November Pope Romeo Tax Victoria X – ray Zoo Alfabetul fonetic .LIMBA ENGLEZA .INCEPATORI !!! Când pronunţaţi pe litere (în special la telefon) folosiţi alfabetul fonetic pentru a evita confuziile.

va rog? P-a-s-c-a-double l-i . I'm sorry I don't understand. – Prenumele meu este Maria si numele de familie este Pascalli. Ati putea repeta dar mai rar. de familie? Pascalli. Sorry . . va rog.P-a-s-c-a-doi l-i Last Name/Surna me (Numele de familie) Brown Smith Nume sau (Middle Initial) (Initiala) M W Dialog And your first name please? – Si prenumele dvs. va rog? Maria Pardon? – Pardon? Maria – M-a-r-i-a. imi puteti repeta numele dvs. How do you write that? Could you spell it please? – Cum se scrie? Ati putea sa-mi spuneti pe litere. Could you repeat that more slowly please. – Imi pare rau darn u inteleg. what was your last name again? – Imi pare rau.LIMBA ENGLEZA .INCEPATORI Names (Nume) First Name/Christian Middle Name (primul Name nume sau (al doilea numele de nume) botez) Helen Beatrice David Mark Dialogue What's your full name please? – Care este numele tau complet? My first name is Maria and my last name Pascalli. Pasc-all-i.

de telefon. !!! Cand apar se dubleaza doua litere vom spune in engleza "double __" si litera respective." / Cu please?"/ Cum scrieti pe litere litere mari U-N-E-S-C-O.INCEPATORI And what is your telephone number please? – Care este numarul dvs. . va rog? 2-3-8-7-1-8 Thank you. "How do you spell UNESCO "Capital U-N-E-S-C-O." / 1&1 cu litere mari P 1&1 Profi? cu litere mici r-o-f-i. – Cu placere. UNESCO? "Capital T dash capital O "How do you spell T-Online small n-l-i-n-e. You're welcome."/ Cu litere mari please?"/ Cum scrieti pe litere TT liniuta litera mare O litere Online? mici n-l-i-n-e. "How do you spell 1&1 Profi "1 ampersand 1 capital P small please?"/ Cum scrieti pe litere r-o-f-i. – Multumesc.LIMBA ENGLEZA . Exemplu: “double l” in Antonella Capitalisation (Scrierea cu majuscule) Scrierea cu majuscule ! Atunci cand spunem pe litere este necesar sa mentionam daca se va scrie cu majuscule (CAPITALS) sau cu litere mici (small )cuvantul respectiv.

INCEPATORI Titles (Apelative) Young male (tanar barbat) Note: Used with the first name. foloseste cu genul Smith/Domnul masculine – casatorit Smith sau necasatorit). Exercitiu: Scrieti numele dvs. (Este folosit rar in zilele noastre. Female (married) Reynolds/Doamn Doamna (casatorita) a Reynolds Female (married or unmarried) (Femeie casatorita sau Ms. (Se Mr. Young or Adult Miss Female Thatcher/Domnis (unmarried) (tanara oara Thatcher femeie necasatorita) Mrs. Exercitiu . Brown/ necasatorita) Doamna/Domnis Note: Often used in oara Brown business.) Adult male (married or unmarried). pe litere folosind alfabetul fonetic. (Se Master Edgar/ foloseste cu Stapane Edgar prenumele) Rarely used today. Ms. (Se foloseste adesea in afaceri) Apelative Master Mr.LIMBA ENGLEZA . Miss Mrs.

INCEPATORI Recapitulare 1.LIMBA ENGLEZA . Scrierea cu majuscule 4. Titluri Recapitulare Lectia 1 . Fonetica 2. Alfabetul 3.

= (Nu toate cărţilr sunt scumpe.INCEPATORI Lectia 2 – Lesson 2 Articolul În limba engleză există trei articole:  A (articol nehotarat)  AN (articol nehotarat)  THE (articol hotarat) Nu se foloseşte articol atunci când se face referire la lucruri în general. Exemplu ! .LIMBA ENGLEZA ." = (All books are expensive." = (Not all books are expensive.) Cărţile sunt scumpe. = (Toate cărţile sunt scumpe.) "The books are expensive. just the ones I'm talking about. Lectia Articolul 2 Exemplu: "Books are expensive.) Cărţile sunt scumpe. doar cele despre care vorbesc.) A / AN “A” şi “AN” sunt articole nehotărâte în limba engleză. iar articolul “the”nu reprezintă “all” (toţi).

vantul.) "I ate a banana for lunch.) Exemplu THE  Se foloseşte articolul “THE” atunci când persoana cu care vorbeşti ştie sau îşi poate da seama despre ce persoană / lucru vorbeşti. De exemplu: "She's got two children." (Ea are doi copii. )  ! Exemplu Se foloseşte articolul “THE” atunci când facem referire la lucruri singulare precum: Soarele." (Am mâncat o banană la prânz." (Am văzut un elefant la grădina zoologică. Fata are opt ani şi băiatul are paisprezece ani. De exemplu: "The apple you ate was rotten. a girl and a boy. se foloseşte articolul “THE” atunci când s-a menţionat deja lucrul despre care se vorbeşte.) "Did you lock the car?" (Ai închis maşina?) ! Exemplu  De asemenea. The girl's eight and the boy's fourteen.LIMBA ENGLEZA ." (Mărul pe care l-ai mâncat a fost stricat. etc.INCEPATORI  Se foloseşte articolul “A” atunci când substantivul la care faci referire începe cu o consoană. lumea. o fata şi un băiat. .  Se foloseşte articolul “AN” atunci când substantivul la care faci referire începe cu o vocală. De exemplu: "I saw an elephant at the zoo.

(El ia micul dejun acasă. mări: De exemplu: My country borders on the Pacific Ocean." (Care sunt planurile tale de viitor? / Ea are un viitor promiţător în faţa ei.LIMBA ENGLEZA .)  NU SE FOLOSEŞTE articol atunci când vorbim despre lucruri în general. the North Pole etc. oceane. De exemplu: He has breakfast at home. provincii. state. !!! Totuşi dacă doriţi să faceţi referire la un anumit lucru dintre acestea ar trebui să folosiţi a/an. / Bate / suflă un vânt rece. (Ei îi place să citească cărţi. cu excepţia "The United States". ! Exemplu De exemplu: He lives in Washington near Mount Rainier.) ! Exemplu Exemplu . De exemplu: "I could hear the wind.) She likes reading books." / "There's a cold wind blowing." (Am auzit vântul.)  Exemplu Exemplu NU SE FOLOSEŞTE articol cu ţări. munţi. (Ţara mea are graniţe la Oceanul Pacific. (El locuieşte în Washington lângă Mount Rainier )  Se foloseşte articol când ne referim la ape. De exemplu: I like Russian tea. (Imi place ceaiul rusesc. lacuri. the world. ) "What are your plans for the future?" / "She has a promising future ahead of her. locuri şi transport. the wind.)  NU SE FOLOSEŞTE articol atunci când vorbim despre mâncare. judeţe.INCEPATORI De exemplu: the sun.

3. Exercitii . I went to the shop to get ___ bread.You should take ___ coat.LIMBA ENGLEZA . 10.) He comes to work by taxi.(Merg la universitate. There were many dogs in the park. Christmas comes once ___ year. 7. ___ bee is __ insect. 4.(El vine la serviciu cu taxiul. 8. California is ___ state in the United State of America. The Danube is ___ river.) Exercitii 1. Folosiţi articolul nehotărât „a / an” sau articolul zero în locul punctelor: 1. 6. She is wearing ___ blue T-shirt and red earrings. Lions and ___ tigers are both endangered animals. 5. One dog was ___ Dalmatian. He broke ___ plate when he was washing dishes. 2.INCEPATORI I go to university. 9.

5. Completaţi spaţiile libere cu articolul nehotărât “a /an”: Exemplu: We read …… a newspaper.idea.. . Kate needs ……. ……. This is …….old motorbike. 9. 3.cup of tea.. They've got ……. 2. Ann likes ……cat. 4. Mike has got ……. Let's sing ……. Bucharest has got ……. We listen to …….new German book on the desk. 2.INCEPATORI 2. 3. 4. He has got …….LIMBA ENGLEZA . He is drinking ……. My friend likes to be …….new bed in her room. 7.uncle in Berlin. 7... My mother has got ……. 5.. We read a newspaper.. I must find ……. There is …….expensive house. She's reading ………old novel. 3.song.English song.bird is flying above the tree.lawyer. 8. 6.airport.exercise book in his school bag. 10. 1. 8.beautiful dress.. 6. The girl is ……engineer. Completaţi spaţiile libere cu articolul nehotărât “a /an”: 1. Peter has got …….black dress.

LIMBA ENGLEZA - INCEPATORI

4. Completaţi spaţiile libere cu articolul hotărât “the” unde este necesar sau marcaţi cu “-“ acolo unde consideraţi că nu este necesar: Exemplu: I enjoyed …. The summer in …..Greece. I enjoyed the summer in - Greece Hello Ann, I arrived in ……Romania last Tuesday. We left …..Bucharest, flew over .…Carpathians and made a quick stop in ……London. There we went shopping in …….Unirea, visited …….Antipa Museum and enjoyed a sunny afternoon in …..Herastrau Park. On the following day we left for Brasov. ……time on board wasn't boring as there were two films to watch on …….TV. ……people on ……plane were all …….Roamnian. Before we landed at …….Henri Coanda airport., ……hotel I stayed in was on …..corner of …….32nd Street. I don't like …….hotels very much, but I didn't have ……time to rent an apartment. Please say hello to Paul and Laura. Yours, Dan

LIMBA ENGLEZA - INCEPATORI

Recapitulare Lectia 2 1. Articolul:
– – –

Recapitulare Lectia 2

articol nehotarat - a articol nehotarat – an articol hotarat - the

LIMBA ENGLEZA - INCEPATORI

Lectia 3 – Lesson 3
PRONUMELE PERSONAL
Nominativ I = Eu You = Tu He = El She = Ea It = El, Ea (pentru obiecte, lucruri neinsufletite) We = Noi You = Voi They = Ei

Lectia

3

Nominativ

Exemplu I live in New York. (Eu locuiesc in New York.) Do you like playing tennis? (Iti place sa joci tennis?) He doesn't want to come this evening. (El nu vrea sa vina in seara aceasta.) She works in London. (Ea lucreaza in Londra.) It won't be easy.(Nu va fi usor.) We are studying pronouns at the moment. (Studiem pronumele in momentul acesta.) You went to Paris last year, didn't you? ( Noi am fost la Paris

Exemplu

those seats are yours.(Imi pare rau. nu-i asa?) They bought a new car last month.(Uita-te chiar acolo. (Ei au cumparat o masina noua lua trecuta.(Acesta este al tau. acele scaune sunt ale voastre.) I'm sorry.) Dativ (to) me = mie (to) you = tie (to) him = lui (to) her = ei (to) it = Lui.(Aceste carti sunt ale ei.LIMBA ENGLEZA .) Genitiv Mine = Al meu Yours = Al tau His = Al lui Hers= Al ei Ours = Al nostru Yours = Al vostru Theirs = Al lor Exemplu That house is mine.(Ale lor vor fi verzi. acesta este al lui.) Look over there.) Those students are ours. that's his.INCEPATORI anul trecut.) This is yours.) Those books are hers. (Aceasta casa este a mea. ei (pentru obiecte.(Acesti studenti sunt ai nostri.) Theirs will be green. lucruri neinsufletite) (to) us = noua (to) you = voua (to) them = lor Exemplu Genitiv Dativ .

– Cartea este a mea.) NOTA ! Pronumele posesive au aceeasi forma ca si adjectivele posesive (my.(El ne-a luat de la aeroport.(Ei au vizitat-o pe ea cand s-au dus la New York. his. pe ea (pentru obiecte.(Da-mi cartea. – Aceasta carte este a mea.) She asked him to help.) She bought it at the store.(Profesoara v-a rugat sa terminate tema.(Ea l-a cumparat de la magazin.(El ti-a spus sa vii diseara.) The teacher asked you to finish your homework. Possessive Adjective: That is my book. Exemplu: Possessive Pronoun: That book is mine. darn u urmeaza pronumele posesiv.) He picked us up at the airport.(Ea l-a rugat pe el sa o ajute.) They visited her when they came to New York. lucruri neinsufletite) us = pe noi you = pe voi them = pe ei Exemplu Give me the book.LIMBA ENGLEZA .) I invited them to a party.) He told you to come tonight. Diferenta este ca obiectul urmeaza adjectivul posesiv. her). Acuzativ Exemplu ! Exemplu . (I-am invitat la o petrecere.INCEPATORI Acuzativ me = pe mine you = pe tine him = pe el her = pe ea it = pe el.

) Possessive Adjectives Adjectivele posesive . your.my. (Acestia sunt colegii mei din camera aceasta. these.) These are my colleagues in this room. That si those sunt pronume demonstrative de departare. Adjectivul posesiv face referire la substantiv pentru a arata posesia. his. (Voi adduce cartile mele. that. (Acelea de pe campul urmator sunt flori frumoase. This si these sunt pronume demonstrative de apropiere. (Aceea de acolo este masina noastra.) That is our car over there. I'll get my books. Exemple: This is my house. their sunt adesea confundate cu pronumele posesive. (Aceasta este casa mea. your.LIMBA ENGLEZA . those se refera la obiecte. its. her. our.INCEPATORI PRONUMELE DEMONSTRATIVE PRONUMELE DEMONSTRATIVE this.) Those are beautiful flowers in the next field.) Acuzativ Exemplu .

writer) Pluralul substantivelor: !!! Regula generală: singular + s Singular + s singular car book cars Books plural Pluralul substantivelor Apelative . (Acesta este profesorul lui. genul reieşind din context: teacher. (Culoarea lui este rosu. Mr Jones.) Its color is red. hand)  Genul comun (atunci când substantivul poate fi şi masculine şi feminin. (Vreau sa merg la magazinul ei. (Ei au cumparat copiilor lor o multime de cadouri.) SUBSTANTIVUL Genul substantivelor:  Genul masculine (man. aunt. sisiter. (Ne face placere sa-I invitam pe sotii vostri. American.LIMBA ENGLEZA . Jones.) I want to go to her store. nose. father. worker.) They bought their children a lot of presents.) Can we bring our children? (Puten sa aducem si copiii nostrii ?) You are welcome to invite your husbands. actrees)  Genul neutru (atunci când nu exista nici o specificare de gen masculine sau feminin: dog. dl. nurse.INCEPATORI Is that your car over there? (Aceea de acolo este masina ta?) That is his teacher. singer. boy)  Genul feminin (mother.

sh. singular box sandwich suitcase brush class ciucus plural boxes sandwiches suitcases brushes classes circuses ! Excepţie! : stomach – stomachs. acesta se va transforma în i la care se va adăuga es. ss. epoch .INCEPATORI cap roof teacher day boy lamp hat cup EXCEPŢII: Caps Roofs teachers Days Boys lamps hats cups Substantivele terminate în ch. z.LIMBA ENGLEZA . vocală + y + s singular boy day play boys days plays Plural . s. acesta va ramâne şi se va adăuga s.  Dacă y este precedat de o consoană. x fac pluralul în es.epochs  Substantivele terminate în y fac pluralul în două feluri: !  Dacă y este precedat de o vocală.

 Singular + s  Singular + es Singular + s singular piano radio domino singular potato tomato negro potatoes tomatoes negroes pianos radios dominos Singular +es plural plural ! Sustantivele de origine greacă terminate în sis fac pluralul în ses. singular life lives plural ! .LIMBA ENGLEZA .INCEPATORI Consoană + y = ies singular city lady baby country factory cities ladies Babies countries factories plural Substantivele terminate în o fac pluralul în două feluri în funcţie de perioada când au intrat în limbă. singular crisis thesis analysis basis crises theses analyses bases plural ! Substantivele terminate în fe sau f fac pluralul în ves. f transformându-se în v.

franceză.INCEPATORI wife knife shelf leaf thief wolf scarf wives knives shelves leaves thieves wolves scarves / scarfs  Substantivele de origine greacă. .LIMBA ENGLEZA . italiană fac plural în doua feluri ca în limba de origine (nomenclatura ştiinţifică) şi ca în limba engleză (vorbirea curentă). singular vertreba datum stratum phenomenon criterion plateau plural vertrebrae data strata phenomena criteria plateaux ! SUBSTANTIVE CU PLURALE NEREGULATE SINGULAR child die foot goose louse man woman mouse ox tooth fish sheep PLURAL children dice feet geese lice men women mice oxen teeth fish sheep Traducere copil zar picior gâscă păduche bărbat femeie şoarece bou dinte peste oaie Substantive cu plurale neregulate Substantive numarabile si nenumarabile (Countables and uncountables) In engleza sunt substantive numarabile si nenumarabile. latină.

Substantivele nenumarabile pot fi insotite de unele constructii precum: A cup of coffee/tea A glass of milk/beer/wine A bottle of beer/wine A sheet of paper A drop of water/oil A piece of furniture A loaf of bread An item of news A bit of information/news/work/luck/evidence A grain of corn/sand A piece/word of advice A pot of jam A lump of sugar A slice of bread/ham/cheese ! .LIMBA ENGLEZA .two eggs. beauty. luggage). money. poetry. philosophy.INCEPATORI Substantivele numarabile sunt majoritatea substantivelor (le poti combina cu numere): ex. One egg . Substantivele nenumarabile nu se pot combina cu numere si sunt invariabile avand forma numai de singular sau de plural. a boy – two boys. love. salt. furniture. business. knowledge. trousers. peace). steel. scissors. acestea pot denumi fie notiuni concrete (water. fie notiuni abstracte (advice.

INCEPATORI GENITIVUL  Genitivul sintetic . prin adaugarea apostrofului fara s: Exemplu: My cousins’ house – casa verisorilor mei Our neighbours’ daughter – fiica vecinilor nostril The Smiths’ children – copii familiei Smith Mr.LIMBA ENGLEZA . James’ opinion – parerea dl. James  Genitivul prepositional se formeaza cu ajutorul prepozitiei “of” Genitivul Genitivul sintetic Exemplu Genitivul prepozitional .se adauga desinenta ‘s la substantivul respectiv care are forma de singular sau plural: Exemplu: The pupil’s book – cartea elevului The chlidren’s toy – jucaria copiilor 11.

INCEPATORI Exemplu: The roof of the house – acoperisul casei The clothes of the girl – hainele fetei The keys of the car – cheile masinii The name of the school – numele scolii. Exercise 1 Completati cu formele corecte de plural: singular thief church tomato fork lamp turkey life nose potato bus Exercise 2 Completati cu formele corecte de plural: plural Exemplu Exercitiu Exercitiu singular staple wolf piano kangaroo fork cloud fireman friend plural .LIMBA ENGLEZA .

box 8. watch 5. cage 9. boy Exercitiu Exercitiu plural Exercitiu . game 7. cake 4. pencil Exercise 5 Completati cu formele corecte de plural: 1. scarf 2. bike 2.INCEPATORI hero boy Exercise 3 Completati cu formele corecte de plural: singular fly night pencil belief person door key leaf toy tornado Exercise 4 Completati cu formele corecte de plural: 1. desk 10.LIMBA ENGLEZA . family 3. invitation 6. cat 3.

fish Exercise 7 Completati cu formele corecte de plural: 1. photo 8. penny 8. woman 4. sandwich 9. tomato Exercitiu Exercitiu Exercitiu . roof 3. series Exercise 8 Completati cu formele corecte de plural: 1. nurse 10.INCEPATORI 4. child 8. mouth 6. bus 9.LIMBA ENGLEZA . kilo 3. video 10. knife 5. sheep 7. half 2. ox 2. foot 5. man 7. deer 6. house 5. potato 4. chief 7. city 6. day 10. brother-in-law 9. shelf Exercise 6 Completati cu formele corecte de plural: 1.

. milk. tooth 3. (room/rooms) 9. (pen/pens) Exercise 10 Alaturati urmatoarele constructii substantivelor: advice. There are two …………on my desk. tennis Exemplu: a cube of sugar 1. a cup of ……. (computer/computers) 8. (bed/beds) 2.. chocolate. How many ………. grown-up 10. crisis 7. a bar of ……. passer-by 8. meat. a piece of …. Susan has got four ……….... My mother has got a new ………. I have got two ………. tea.have you got in your bag? (book/books) 7.. Exercitiu 1. chorus 5. There is one …………on the floor. Exercitiu . We have got a ………. a packet of …… 3. (dog/dogs) 6.. The dog is sitting on my………. mouse 6. (poster/posters) 10.. 2. oil. They are riding their ……. There are three windows in the ………. aircraft 4. radius 9. (pencil/pencils) 3. lemonade.LIMBA ENGLEZA . (brother/brothers) 4. rice. crossroads Exercise 9 Completati propozitiile cu forma de singular sau plural a substantivelor din paranteza: Example: Answer: There is a ____ on the table. jam. (bike/bikes) 5.INCEPATORI 2. 4. a glass of …… 5. (book/books) There is a book on the table.

7. a game of ……. 8. the diary of my boss . the shoes of the players the players' shoes the players's shoes the player's shoes 5.. 10. a jar of ……. the hobbies of the women the womens hobbies the woman's hobbies the women's hobbies the womens' hobbies 4. the future of our boys our boy's future our boys' future our boys's future 6. the countries of Blair and Chirac Blair's country and Chirac's Blair and Chirac's countries Blair and Chiracs countries Exercitiu 3.LIMBA ENGLEZA . a slice of …….. a barrel of ……..INCEPATORI 6. Exercise 11 Completati cu forma corecta de genitiv: 1. a bottle of ……. the coats of the ladies the lady's coats the ladies' coats no genitive possible 2. 9.

the clothes of men mens clothes men's clothes mens' clothes 8.LIMBA ENGLEZA .INCEPATORI my boss's diary my boss' diary 7. the business of Anne and Francis Anne and Francis' business Anne's and Francis' business Anne and Francis's business Anne's business and Francis's .

Pronumele .INCEPATORI Recapitulare Lectia 3 1.adjectivele posesive 2.LIMBA ENGLEZA .pronumele demonstrative . Genitivul – – Genitivul sintetic Genitivul prepozitional . Substantivul – – – Recapitulare Lectia 3 Genul substantivelor Pluralul substantivelor Substantive cu plurale neregulate 3.

INCEPATORI Lectia 4 – Lesson 4 NUMERALUL CARDINAL Lectia 4 Numeralul cardinal 1 one 2 two 3 three 4 four 5 five 6 six 7 seven 8 eight 9 nine 10 ten 11 eleven 12 twelve 13 thirteen 14 fourteen 15 fifteen 16 sixteen 17 seventeen 18 eighteen 19 nineteen 20 twenty 21 twenty-one 22 twenty-two 23 twenty-three 24 twenty-four 25 twenty-five 30 thirty .LIMBA ENGLEZA .

000.574 two thousand five hundred and seventy-four 1.000.000 one billion NUMERALUL ORDINAL Numeralul ordinal the 1st / first = primul the 2nd / second = al doilea the 3rd / third = al treilea the 4th / fourth = al patrulea the 5th / fifth = al cincilea the 6th sixth = al saselea the 7th / seventh = al saptelea the 8th / eighth = al optulea the 9th / nineth = al noualea the 10th / tenth = al zecelea the 11th / eleventh = al unsprezecelea the 12th / twelfth = al doisprezecelea the 13th / thirteenth = al treisprezecelea the 14th / fourteenth = al patrusprezecelea .000 two thousand 2.LIMBA ENGLEZA .000.000.000 one thousand 2.INCEPATORI 40 forty 50 fifty 60 sixty 70 seventy 80 eighty 90 ninety 100 one hundred 200 two hundred 250 two hundred and fifty 1.000 two million 1.000 one million 2.

999. . 2. al 23-lea. 300.152.LIMBA ENGLEZA . al 14-lea.343. 145. 2006.INCEPATORI the 15th / fifteenth = al cincisprezecelea the 16th / sixteenth = al saisprezecelea the 17th / seventeenth = al saptesprezecelea the 18th / eighteenth = al optusprezecelea the 19th / nineteenth = al nouasprezecelea the 20th / twentieth = al douazecilea the 21st / twenty-first = al douazecilea the 22nd / twenty-second = al douazecisiunulea the 23rd / twenty-third = al douazecisidoilea the 24th / twenty-fourth = al douazecisipatrulea the 30th / thirtieth = al treizecilea the 50th / fiftieth = al cincizecilea the 100th / hundredth = al o sutalea Scrieti urmatoarele cifre in litere: 1245. 570.

LIMBA ENGLEZA . Numeralul cardinal 2. Numeralul ordinal .INCEPATORI Recapitulare Lectia 4 Recapitulare Lectia 4 1.

The live next to Ann's parents. Husband (sot) Son (fiu) father–in-law (socru) Uncle (unchi) Nephew (nepot de unchi/matusa) Grandfather (bunic) Grandson (nepot de bunic/bunica) Father (tata) Brother (frate) Exercitiu: Completati folosind correct posesivele (my. John is Ann's father and Monica is her mother. Her sister's name is Mary and her brother's name is Frank. Dave and Sharon. son's. John and Monica. Sharon is Ann's niece and Dave is Ann's nephew. Jack's etc.INCEPATORI Lectia 5 – Lesson 5 FAMILIA SI GRADELE DE RUDENIE Lectia 5 Familia si gradele de rudenie Jack is married to Ann. Frank has two children.): Wife (sotie) Daughter (fiica) mother-in-law (soacra) Aunt (matusa) Nice (nepoata de unchi/matusa) Grandmother (bunica) Granddaughter (nepoata de bunic/bunica) Mother (mama) Sister (sora) Exercitiu . your. Mike is John's grandson and July is Monica's granddaughter. John is Jack's father-in-law and Monica is his mother-in-law. They have a daughter and a son. The son's name is Mike and the daughter's name is July. Ann is their aunt and Jack is their uncle. Ann has a sister and brother. She is his wife and he is her husband.LIMBA ENGLEZA .

Mike is …….husband. Zilele saptamanii The days of the week (Zilele saptamanii) Monday Mon Zilele saptamanii Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Tue Wed Thu Friday Fri Weekend Saturday Sunday Sat Sun . She is his wife and he is ……. John and Monica.mother. John is Ann's father and Monica is ……. They have a daughter and son.INCEPATORI I You He She It We You They Jack my your his her its our your their Jack's Jack is married to Ann. Dave and Sharon. The ………name is Mike and the ……….name is Frank.uncle. Ann is …….. name is July.LIMBA ENGLEZA . ……… sister's name is Mary and her ……. Frank has two children.. The live next to Ann's parents. Ann has a sister and brother. John is Jack's father-in-law and Monica is ………mother-in-law.aunt and Jack is …….grandson and July is Monica's granddaughter. Sharon is Ann's nice and Dave is Ann's nephew.

Exemplu: This year my birthday is on Saturday. The months of the year (Lunile anului) ! Lunile anului January February March April May June July August Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August September Septembrie October Octombrie November December Noiembrie Decembrie .INCEPATORI Prepositions (Prepozitii) Pentru zilele saptamanii vom folosi prepozitia on. Pentru “weekend” folosim at. Prepozitii ! Zilele saptamanii se scriu intotdeauna cu majuscule.LIMBA ENGLEZA . Exemplu: I never work at the weekend.

Anotimpurile The seasons (Anotimpurile) Winter (iarna) Dec Jan Feb Spring (primavara) Mar Apr May Autumn (toamna) June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Summer (vara) Prepositions (Prepozitii) Pentru anotimpuri folosim prepozitia in. si data curenta. Exemplu: Christmas is in December. In England it rains a lot in April.LIMBA ENGLEZA . Exercitiu: Scrieti data nasterii dvs. Exemplu:In Russia it is cold in (the) winter. My birthday is in September.INCEPATORI Prepositions (Prepozitii) Pentru lunile anului folosim prepozitia in. ! Anotimpurile nu se scriu cu majuscule. Prepozitii ! Lunile anului se scriu intotdeauna cu majuscule. ! Exercitii .

Familia si gradele de rudenie 2. Anotimpurile . Zilele saptamanii 3.LIMBA ENGLEZA . Lunile anului 4.INCEPATORI Recapitulare Recapitulare Lectia 5 Lectia 5 1.

13. Example: My doctor is excellent.LIMBA ENGLEZA . Exemplu: beautiful trees. Exemplu: He is a good doctor. they are happy Lectia Adjectivul 6 Exemplu NOTA !!! 11.Adjectivele nu au forma de singular sau plural.INCEPATORI Lectia 6 – Lesson 6 ADJECTIVUL Adjectivele sunt folosite pentru a descrie substantivele. Example: a wonderful book very interesting people ATENTIE! Exemplu ! . 12. masculin. feminin sau neutru. Adjectivele au intotdeauna aceeasi forma! Nu adaugam ! niciodata “-s” la un adjectiv. GRESIT !!!: difficults books REGULA: Adjectivele preceda substantivul. Adjectivele sunt intotdeuna invariabile.Adjectivele pot fi puse si la sfarsitul propozitiei daca se refera la subiectul propozitiei respective.

fast. careful .LIMBA ENGLEZA .beautifully.hard  ! Pentru adjectivul “good”. REGULA: Adverbele se formeaza de obicei adaugand “-ly” la un adjective. Exemplu: beautiful . . GRESIT!!: He plays tennis good. adverbul precede adjectivul.He sings beautifully. hard . In acest caz. Exemplu: How does he she sing? .carefully Adverbul Exemplu Exemplu ATENTIE!  Unele adjective nu isi schima forma cand devin adverbe ! Exemplu: fast . adverbul folosit va fi “well”.INCEPATORI  Nu asezati adjectivul dupa substantive. GRESIT!!: an apple red ADVERBUL Adverbele modifica verbul. Ele arata How (Cum) este facut un anumit lucru. REGULA: Adverbele pot modifica si un adectiv.

LIMBA ENGLEZA . She looked at me tender / tenderly and said soft / softly that I looked good / well in my shirt. he likes to go to museums. I feel bad /badly about what happened yesterday. They are absolutely sure.) se aseara de obicei intre auxiliary si verbul principal: Exemplu: He is often late for class. He turned the car cautious / cautiously as not to drive into the nice / nicely laid-out border of the neighbours. Do you always eat in a restaurant? They don't usually travel on Fridays.  Adverbele de frecventa pot aparea adesea si la inceputul propozitiei: Exemplu: Sometimes.  Adverbele de frecventa vor fi asezate dupa verbul “to be”. 3. This beer tastes too bitter / bitterly for my liking.INCEPATORI Exemplu: She is extremely happy. I could easy / easily convince him not to become too excited with all the media attention. Exercitiu: Adverb or adjective ? 1. Example: He is sometimes late for work. sometimes. I didn't know you were going to take everything so serious / seriously. REGULA: Adverbele de frecventa (always. 4. often. etc. 2. ATENTIE!  Adverbele de frecventa care exprima “infrequency” (nefrecveta) nu se folosesc in propozitii negative sau interrogative: GRESIT! Does she rarely eat fish? They don't seldom go to the cinema. never. Exemplu Exemplu ! ! Exercitiu . 5.

Have you ever been wrong / wrongly accused of something? 7. . 10. She hasty / hastily ran down the stairs. he said cynical / cynically.INCEPATORI 6. Unfortunate / Unfortunately. "he's just gone bankrupt for the fifth time!" 8.LIMBA ENGLEZA . quick / quickly picked up her coat and umbrella and disappeared in the unusual / unusually mysterious night. The number of visitors to the exhibition dropped considerable / considerably in the second week. "My brother is an incredible / incredibly successful businessman". 9. all the milk has gone sour / sourly overnight.

LIMBA ENGLEZA . Adverbul . Adjectivul 2.INCEPATORI Recapitulare Lectia 6 Recapitulare Lectia 6 1.

I usually arrive at school at a quarter to eight. in the evening. 7:55. folosim “past” pentru a exprima ora dupa o anumita ora pana la jumatate. Folosim “to” pentru a arata cat este ceasul pana la ora respective. in the afternoon. Lectia 7 Reguli de exprimare a orei in limba engleza: ! In engleza. Exemplu: It’s nine thirty-four. Top of Form Exprimati in engleza urmatoarele ore: 10:30. In the afternoon. I usually finish my homework at a quarter to five and play tennis till half past seven in the evening. Exemplu: It’s seven o’clock. de la 31 minute pana la ora exacta.LIMBA ENGLEZA . I am at school until twelve o’clock. At night. 2:28. Then I go home at noon.INCEPATORI Lectia 7 – Lesson 7 HOW TO TELL TIME IN ENGLISH I usually get up at a quarter past six . Atunci cand ne referim la diferite momente din timpul zilei vom folosi: in the morning. !!! In engleza folosim “ at night” NU in the night. I usually go to bed at eleven o'clock. Putem exprima de asemenea ora in grupuri de cate doua cifre. 4:25. In engleza folosim “o’clock” numai atunci cand exprimam ora exacta. Sometimes. I usually do my homework until five fifteen. 9:45. . I have breakfast at seven o'clock and then take the bus to school at half past seven. sau 30 minute trecute de ora respectiva. 12:45. the tube is late and I arrive at about eight.that's six fifteen in the morning. 6:10.

How to tell time in english Recapitulare Lectia 6 .INCEPATORI Recaptitulare Lectia 7 1.LIMBA ENGLEZA .

midday.. at dawn. e.INCEPATORI Lectia 8 – Lesson 8 PREPOSITIONS PREPOSITIONS OF TIME  At. 4 January.g. at + meal (masa a zilei): breakfast.  In: in + the + a part of a day (moment al zilei): the morning. at breakfast. on Sunday evening. at + the + a particular time in a week/month/year (perioada a saptamanii/lunii/anului): start/end of the week/month/year. weekend.g. the afternoon. e. supper etc. on + calendar festival day (sarbatoare calendaristica): Christmas Day. on Thursday.  At: at + particular time (perioada a zilei): dawn. on + particular part of a day (moment anume al zilei): Friday morning. on Easter Sunday.g.g.. lunch. evening. in June. on Monday. February. e. .g. noon. On. Saturday afternoon. In: Lectia Prepozitii 8 Aceste prepozitii sunt folosite pentru a exprima ora si data evenimentelor. dinner. nine o'clock etc. April. at the start of July. activitatilor.g. e. at three o'clock.g. e. March. tea. Wednesday etc. New Year. night.g.g. Tuesday.LIMBA ENGLEZA . sarbatori calendaristice): Christmas. in the afternoon. May etc. situatiilor: e.g. e.. in + month (luna): January. at Easter. e. in June. Palm Sunday.g.  On: on + day of the week (zi a saptamanii): Monday. midnight. on 19 March. at + calendar festival season (anotimpuri. e. on + particular date (data anume): 25 July 2001. e. e.. Easter etc. mid-morning.

four years e. e. for the weekend. every. ( not in the evening )  For and Since: ! Aceste prepozitii explica how long (de cat timp) un eveniment. situatie continuua: e. in + historical period of time (perioada istorica): the Dark Ages. activitate. this inaintea acestora: e.g. Autumn.LIMBA ENGLEZA . next. e. NOTA!!! Nu se folosesc prepozitii daca ziua/anul are each. 1989. Michael went to Latvia last year for three weeks. g.g. e. for three days since last Thursday  For: for + a period of time (perioda de timp): two days. .g. in Winter.g. in the Middle Ages. ( not on Monday afternoon ) Martin left home last evening.INCEPATORI in + season of the year (anotimp): Spring. in + specific year (an): 1988. e.g. last. 1990 etc. one week.. Summer. in + the + a specific century (secol anume): nineteenth century. Pre-historic Times. e. in 1999. three months.g. I go to England every Christmas ( not at every Christmas ) I'll see you next Monday afternoon.g. in the twentieth century.

 During and While: Aceste prepozitii arata o perioada de timp in care un eveniment. . Ann has been very ill since yesterday evening. while + infinitive + -ing (Present Participle): thinking. she didn't go to a bull fight. e. We will take you to the theatre while we are in London. yesterday. Magda received many telephone messages during the last week.g. e.g. My cousin will be visiting the West Indies for two months next February. driving etc. activitate sau situatie a avut loc: e.g. 1990.  During: during + a noun or phrase (substantiv sau expresie): the war. the war ended. While swimming in the sea. Mike was attacked by a shark. during the next month while I was swimming. e. Winston will return to England during the Christmas Holiday.INCEPATORI I am in Poznan for ten days. While Joanna was in Spain.g.g. talk. swim. walk etc.  While: while + subject + verb: to eat. the nineteenth century: e. NOTA ! In Engleza.. While poate fi adesea inlocuit de when cand au acelasi inteles.  Since: since + a point of time (perioada de timp) + past tense: last week. I am seeing Simon during the morning. running. Ella met Andrew while studying English at Oxford.LIMBA ENGLEZA .g. e. during my schooldays. My sister and her husband have worked in India since 1991.

Ann will work in Poland.g. talk.g.g. till: e. before eating. . He spoke to his teacher before the examination began.g. Patricia was very happy after she won the tennis match. e.LIMBA ENGLEZA . Why did the Queen smile after the President shook her hand? After she finishes her studies. Before you say anything. e. after the journey after + subject + verb: to draw. etc.  By. NOTA!!! Until/till au acelasi inteles: till este forma scurta a lui until. before + subject + verb: to eat. swim. I must explain why I am here.. e. Thursday. until. after crying..  By: by + noun describing time/date (substantive care descriu ora/data): this afternoon. examinations etc. after + infinitive + -ing (Present Participle): to decide. the meal etc. before the weekend. before + infinitive + -ing (Present Participle): to read..g. say. e.. report etc. e. tomorrow. study.g. before the weekend after the holiday  Before: before + a noun (substantiv): Monday. by Sunday until April 1995 till next week By = not later than Until/till explica how long (de cat timp) continua sau va continua o activitate.g.. read etc. write etc.  After: after + noun (substantiv): the lesson. Christmas.g. e. sit.INCEPATORI  Before and After: e.

. you can use my computer. The Williams Family lived in Germany until/till 1991. Each day. till: until/till + noun describing time/date (substantive care descriu ora/data) : next week.g.. . .g. tomorrow.to/until: From . Mary was at university in Leeds.  From .  Until.. . Donata spoke English very well. . this evening. Arthur works in the bank from nine till five thirty.LIMBA ENGLEZA .g.INCEPATORI e.g... . From 1987 until 1991. to/until definesc inceputul si sfarsitul unei perioade: e. Please pay me by Friday morning. My shop will be closed from 1st July to 31st August.. from April 1989 to July from November until March  From .to/until/till: From + time/day/date/year to + time/day/date/year e. e.. Tom's wife will stay here until/till the end of next week. Will you finish your work by four o'clock? By the end of the year. Until/till the end of the month.

our heads etc. at + specific place (anumit loc): Heathrow Airport. at the bank. her leg. e.g.g. on his left arm. on + a/the + types of transport (mijloace de transport): horse. train. Paris. school. on + parts of the body (parti ale corpului): his foot. on and in sunt prepozitii de loc: e. at 33 rue de La Fayette. e. NOTA ! Englezii folosesc in a car ( nu on a car )... e.INCEPATORI 2 . theatre. on a horse. on. at nu se foloseste in mod normal cu nume de sate. top floor etc. on the ground floor.PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE (PREPOZITII DE LOC)  At. NOTA ! In Engleza. Buckingham Palace: e..g. at + specific address including the house number/name (adresa specifica incluzand numarul casei/numele): e.g. on + the + parts of a ship (parti ale vaporului): port side/ starboard side/bow/stern. on + the directions (directii): left/right/other side/nearside/far side: e.g. e. second floor. in: At. bicycle.g.  On: ! on + a/the + surface of a place or object (suprafata unui loc sau obiect): shelf. foot etc.g.  In: ! . on the ferry. e. at Notre Dame Cathedral. ceiling etc. at the cinema on the wall in the shop  At: at + the + place (loc): the cinema. floor. on + levels of a building (etaje ale cladirii): first floor..LIMBA ENGLEZA . on the left. orase..g. cross roads etc. wall.g. on the table.

in his foot.. e.. train.g. e.. London etc. snow etc.g.INCEPATORI in + names of countries (nume de tari): France. in Stratford Avenue.g.LIMBA ENGLEZA .g. in Brussels. Lake District etc. Fish Street etc.. in the bathroom.g. rain. airplane. van.. in + a/the + types of transport (mijloace de transport): car.g. e.. bedroom. e. in a train. lorry.g. in the fog. Poland etc.. e. villages. her leg. in + names of towns. sate): Warsaw. our heads etc.  Exceptii: ! at the moment on holiday in a loud/angry/quiet/low voice at this/that moment on the radio in a good/bad mood at the same time on television in a bad temper at no time on the menu in a suit at present on the agenda in a new dress at the end/beginning in clean/dirty/new shoes !!! Unele expresii se folosesc fara a/the: at school in bed at home in business . e. in + parts of the body (parti ale corpului): his foot. roads. in the Alps. hail. in + the + rooms and places (camere. in Windsor Castle. e.g. foyer. the Louvre etc. England. auditorium etc. in + the + weather (vreme): sun. avenues (strazi. in + streets. ship e.g.. in Belgium. in + named places (nume de locuri): Buckingham Palace. bulevarde): Moniuszki. incaperi): kitchen. in + the + geographical regions (regiuni geografice): Auvergne. cities (nume de orase. e.

. there are forty teachers and four hundred pupils.pozitia Joanna has a cut on her left arm. – parte a corpului Ana has broken a bone in her wrist. – pozitie a corpului At and in pot fi folosite cu locuri unde se gasesc o multime de oameni: cinema. stadium etc. Bill threw a stone to me. At school. ( a hostile action: intending to hurt someone ) – actiune hostila Maria ran to me. theatre.LIMBA ENGLEZA . church. In se foloseste atunci cand se face referire la pozitie.no movement (static) Marcin is cycling to London to visit his friends.g. . e. shout. !!!! Ambele prepozitii on si in pot fi folosite atat pentru mijloace de transport cat si pentru parti ale corpului: On se foloseste atunci cand se face referire detaliata la o parte a corpului sau mijloc de transport. Ambele prepozitii at and to pot fi folosite cu locuri: e. run. Peter travelled to London on the train. e.movement (miscare) Ambele prepozitii at and to pot insoti anumite verbe: intelesul verbului este altul in fiecare caz: to throw.g.tipul John sat in the last carriage of the London train. .h.INCEPATORI at school in hospital at school in prison at work at university at 37 k.. ( a friendly action ) – actiune prietenoasa Maria ran at me ( a hostile action: intending to attack ) – actiune hostila . . ( a friendly action ) – actiune prietenoasa Bill threw a stone at me.p.g.

Could you lend me some? . lorry.. Our main office is ………. Do these keys belong …….holidays for 3 weeks. Downing Street. ( a friendly action ) – actiune prietenoasa Eric shouted at me ( a hostile action: intending to express anger ) – actiune hostila Prepozitia by este adesea folosita cu mijloace de transport: by plane. NOTA !!! Walking is travel on foot ( NU by foot ). The businessmen travelled to Africa by plane and in Africa. Completati cu prepozitia corespunzatoare: 1.five years. bicycle. a small street. He took a long time to recover ……. Completati cu prepozitia corespunzatoare: 1.. ! Exerciti1 Exercitii: 1. I'm afraid Jack is not in at the moment. Christmas Eve we all joined to have dinner together.INCEPATORI Eric shouted to me. Victoria Street. car. horse. We’ve run ………. 8. 2. train e. 6 Someone phoned us twice …………the night. Our house is ……….. your brother? I’ve found them ……. ship. After four years of hard work and study he succeeded ……. I worked in a school ……. horse. He will be ……. they travelled by car. She lives ………a nice flat on the second floor. 2. 4………. 7. the floor. 3. 5.The president lives ……… 10. What are you laughing ……… ? Do you think I look funny? 3.g. ferry.LIMBA ENGLEZA . getting a university degree. 5. salt. 4. his operation. 2.

three hours.. 5.Belgium this winter..early. He watched TV ………………. 8. I arrived ………………………work early this morning. 6.Romania last year. She’s already 30 but she still depends ………... 8. her.. Did you see Dan ……………………your holiday? 4.I cooked. I'm going to see Paul ……………………. 7. She came home ……………………. her parents. She went …………………….. She arrived …………………. What did you do ……………………. They visited ……………………….home last night. 10. I fell asleep ……………………the film.you were in Brasov? . Come ……. He went ………………………his friend's house. I'm going to stay ……………………home this weekend. Jack works ……………………………the hotel. 7. here. He's been working ……………………. I completely rely ……. My colleague’s a very sensible worker.Washington for the party.. We talked ……………………….LIMBA ENGLEZA . 6. 2. 3. 9. 4.an hour. 3.INCEPATORI 6. I want to tell you a secret.. Completati cu prepozitiile for / while / during: Top of Form 1. 5. Completati cu prepozitiile in / at / to sau “-“: Top of Form 1. 4. 2. She's going to travel …………………………French this summer. 3.

INCEPATORI 7. Please. We get up early …………………….the morning.Christmas time.September.eight o'clock.. The teacher asked the class to do the exercise …………………the bottom of page 29. We met ………………………. 10.. I went there ………………………. .six months before he found a new job. don't interrupt the teacher ………………….average height. 9. Completati cu prepozitiile in / at / on: Top of Form           Let's meet ……………………….He wasn't short. 2.he is speaking.I was thinking about my aunt.. he was …………………….2000. He was out of work …………………….. he wasn't tall. They drove to Sinaia …………………………September 25th.. I broke my finger ……………………I was playing football. 8.LIMBA ENGLEZA . I came up with a great idea ………………………...Easter day. She'll be at work ………………………Tuesday. He was born ………………………. I love to go shopping …………………………. 5.. Do you dream ………………………night? What do you like doing ……………………………weekends? 6. Completati cu prepozitiile in / at / on: 1.

7. 6. John is very good . sports... I didn't see you ……………………the party on Sunday.. Physics.Mathematics when I was a child.. 7. I was always very good ……………………. "Late .INCEPATORI 3..30 in the morning. We arrived ……………………. 8. As a child I was always ashamed …………………my parents because they were uneducated.. This mushroomsoup tastes . tomatoes !  Of  After  To .     At In For With 3.Bucharest at 3. school again ?"     On For At To 2.LIMBA ENGLEZA . 4. He saw her as the most attractive woman……………the world. Jack is completely useless……………. 5. Alegeti una din prepozitiile de mai jos pentru a completa spatial liber: 1..

..     With On For Of 5.     To On For With 6... That's just typical ...LIMBA ENGLEZA . flu lately. you !     With For At Of 8. I have been suffering ..INCEPATORI  About 4. I knew you were going to succeed. I'm so pleased . I'm really keen . His wife is so jealous . working in Japan.. Carol to forget her own birthday. For . I'm so glad I got the contract... him she follows him everywhere ! 9.     With From About Of 7.

14... His wife is so jealous . At 9.LIMBA ENGLEZA . With . In 12. him she follows him everywhere he goes !     For With In At 10. you because I was in a bad mood. At 15... On 16. Yesterday I was angry . With 11.INCEPATORI 10. To 17.

LIMBA ENGLEZA .INCEPATORI Recapitulare Lectia 8 1. Prepositions – – Recapitulare Lectia 8 prepositions of time prepositions of place .

prezentul are doua forme: prezent simplu si prezent continuu.INCEPATORI Lectia 9 – Lesson 9 PREZENTUL SIMPLU In limba engleza. Lectia 9 PREZENTUL SIMPLU A. FORMARE 1. La forma afirmativa se foloseste infinitivul fara particula "to" al verbului: to swim / swim I swim You swim He swims She swims It swims We swim They swim !!! La persoana a III-a singular se adauga terminatia -s: 2.La forma interogativa se foloseste auxiliarul do sau does (la persoana a III-a singular) urmat de verbul respectiv: Prezentul simplu Formare ! .LIMBA ENGLEZA .

B.LIMBA ENGLEZA . 3. FOLOSIREA PREZENTULUI SIMPLU 1.La forma interogativ-negativa se foloseste don't / doesn't.INCEPATORI Do I swim? Do you swim? Does he swim? Does she swim? Does it swim? Do we swim? Do you swim? Do they swim? !!! La forma interogativa numai auxiliarul se conjuga. o actiune obisnuita. Pentru a descrie o actiune care se repeta in mod regulat. permanenta: ! ! Folosirea prezentului simplu . inversandu-se ordinea dintre subiect si auxiliar: Don't I swim ? Don't you swim ? Doesn't he swim? Doesn't she swim? Don't we swim ? Don't you swim? Don't they swim ? !!! Forma contrasa e cel mai des folosita.La forma negativa se foloseste do not (cu forma sa contrasa don't) sau does not (cu forma sa contrasa doesn't) pentru persoana a III-a singular: I do not (don't) swim You do not (don't) swim He does not (doesn't) swim She does not (doesn't) swim We do not (don't) swim You do not (don't) swim They do not (don't) swim 4.

) Exemplu . (Merg la cinematograf o data pe saptamana. generally. often.  pozitia: Exemplu numai la sfarsitul propozitiei Exemplu: I go to cinema once a week.) Every week I go to the supermarket. twice a week. etc.(In fiecare saptamana merg la supermarket. sometimes.INCEPATORI I go to my office every morning.  pozitia: dupa subiect Exemplu: I usually play tennis on Saturday afternoon.(Mananc un mar in fiecare zi.)  from time to time. (De obicei joc tenis sambata dupa-amiaza.)  usually. seldom. (Merg la birou in fiecare dimineata). once a week. always. never. Exemplu occasionally. etc. Do you comb your hair every day? (Te piepteni zilnic?) Se vor folosi adverbe precum:  every day. etc.  pozitia: la sfarsit sau la inceput de propozitie Exemplu: I eat an apple every day. every week.LIMBA ENGLEZA .

Pentru a exprima o actiune programata in viitor. (Avionul decoleaza la ora doua. (Vom incepe un nou semestru maine.) Dogs bark. Pentru a exprima un adevar general valabil: Exemplu: Water freezes at 0 degrees. (Cainii latra. (Apa ingheata la 0 grade. Pentru a reda o succesiune de evenimente scurte: Exemplu: She unlocks the door.) Exemplu Exemplu Exemplu 5.) 3.) 4. before. (Ea nu fumeaza. till. after. (Voi veni daca vor veni si ei. Intr-o propozitie subordonata introdusa prin if sau unless. care face parte dintr-un program oficial: Exemplu:The train leaves at five o'clock.) We start a new term at school tomorrow. (Trenul pleaca la ora cinci. (El citeste mult.) 7. until ).) The plane takes off at two o’clock.INCEPATORI 2.LIMBA ENGLEZA . (Ea descuie usa. atunci cand verbul din principala este la viitor (conditionala de tip I ): Exemplu:I'll come if they invite me.) She doesn't smoke.) 6. comes in and takes off her coat near the door. as soon as. Pentru a exprima un obicei: Exemplu: He reads a lot. unde verbul din principala este la viitor: Exemplu Exemplu . while. In propozitii circumstantiale de timp (when. intra si isi da haina jos langa usa.

I'm a teacher. my name is John. we like going to the mountains if we can. Pam: Goodbye! PREZENTUL CONTINUU 1. John: What do you do? Pam: I work in a school. we do not. John: Do you usually go to cinema together? Pam: No. I am. John: What does your husband do? Pam: He works as a fireman.LIMBA ENGLEZA . John: See you next Saturday. Pam. I have a daughter and a son.) Exercitiu Cititi textul urmator. John: What type of music do you listen to? Pam: I often listen to pop music. John: Do you have children? Pam: Yes. Pam: Nice to meet you John. ( Vom merge la munte cand vom avea timp. However.INCEPATORI Exemplu:We'll go to the mountains when we have time. John: Where do you like going at weekend? Pam: We rarely go out together at weekend. La forma afirmativa se foloseste auxiliarul “to be” la care vom adauga verbul respectiv cu terminatia “–ing”: I am (I'm) swimming You are (You’re) swimming He is (He’s) swimming She is (She’s) swimming It is (It’s) swimming We are (We‘re) swimming Exemplu Exercitiu Prezentul continuu La forma afirmativa . incercand sa identificati folosirea Prezentului Simplu: John: Hello. he is often busy. John: Are you married? Pam: Yes.

Pentru a descrie o actiune in curs de desfasurare in momentul vorbirii. Folosirea prezentului continuu La forma interogativ negativa La forma interogativa La forma negativa .INCEPATORI You are (You’re) swimming They are (They're) swimming 2. La forma negativa negatia “not” este alaturata verbului “to be” la care vom adauga verbul respectiv cu terminatia “–ing”: I am (I' m) not swimming You are not (aren't) swimming He is not (isn't) swimming She is not (isn't) swimming We are not (aren't) swimming You are not (aren't) swimming They are not (aren't) swimming 4.LIMBA ENGLEZA . Forma interogativ-negativa se inverseaza ordinea dintre subiect si auxiliar la care se adauga si negatia “not”: Am I not swimming ? Aren't you swimming ? Isn't he swimming ? Isn't she swimming ? Aren't we swimming ? Aren't you swimming ? Aren't they swimming ? B. FOLOSIREA PREZENTULUI CONTINUU 1. La forma interogativa se inverseaza ordinea dintre subiect si auxiliar: Am I swimming? Are you swimming? Is he swimming? Is she swimming? Is it swimming? Are we swimming? Are you swimming? Are they swimming? 3.

El sta sprijinit de un perete. Cand e vorba de ceva care se produce temporar: Exemplu:I’m visiting my grandparents this week. 5. 3. What are you doing next Monday? Ce faci lunea viitoare? 4. (Priveste! El isi spala masina.LIMBA ENGLEZA . Pentru a descrie pozitiile corpului: Exemplu: She's standing. forever. at the moment. just(now). Cand e vorba de o actiune viitoare. Ea sta in picioare He's leaning against a wall. etc pentru a exprima iritarea sau dezaprobarea: Exemplu Exemplu Exemplu Exemplu . never. prevazuta sau programata: Exemplu: They're buying a new house in May. generally. always. Ei isi cumpara o casa noua in luna mai. constantly.) What are you doing? (Ce faci acolo?) 2.INCEPATORI Se vor folosi adverbe precum: now. etc Exemplu: Look! He's wasing his car. Impreuna cu often.

INCEPATORI Exemplu: This child is forever crying. (Se intuneca.(Copilul acesta plange mereu.) Exemplu ! Exemplu Reguli de scriere a verbelor care se termina in “-ing”: Cuvintele care se termina in doua consoane.) !!! Nota: verbele to grow si to get arata trecerea de la o stare la alta. Exemplu: It is getting dark. (Ea se plange intotdeauna de sotul ei.) She is always complaining about her husband. adauga .(Parintii imbatranesc pe zi ce trece.add ing Cuvintele care se termina in doua vocale + consoana.LIMBA ENGLEZA . Cuvintele terminate in vocala + g Cuvintele terminate in vocala + m Cuvintele terminate in vocala + n Cuvintele terminate in vocala + p Cuvintele terminate in vocala + t Cuvintele terminate in ie Cuvintele terminate in e ! To walk walk + ing walking To sleep To jog To swim To run To shop To put To die To phone sleep + ing jog + ging swim + ming run + ning shop + ping put + ting d + ying phon + ing sleeping jogging swimming running shopping putting dying phoning Intrebari inchise si deschise Intrebari inchise si deschise cu Prezentul Continuu .) My parents are growing older and older.

" Raspuns scurt "Yes. I'm not. you are. we're reading a poem. he/she is." "No." or "Yes. you're reading a poem." "Yes. they're not (they aren't). he/she's not "Is he/she listening to (he/she isn't) music?" listening to music." "No. we're not (we "Are we listening to aren't) listening to music?" music." "Yes." "No. I'm reading a poem. I am." "No." "Yes." or "Yes.INCEPATORI Raspunsuri afirmative “Yes” Intrebari inchise raspuns = yes sau no "Am I reading a poem?" "Is he/she reading a poem?" "Are you reading a poem?" "Are we reading a poem?" "Are they reading a poem?" Raspuns lung "Yes." or "Yes. they're reading a poem." or "No." or "Yes." or "Yes." "No." "Yes." "No." "Yes." Raspunsuri negative Raspunsuri negative “No” Intrebari inchise raspuns = yes sau no "Am I listening to music?" Raspuns lung Raspuns scurt "No. they are." "Yes. they're not "Are they listening to (they aren't) music?" listening to music." "No. he/she's reading a poem. you're not (you "Are you listening to aren't) listening to music?" music. we are." "Yes." or "No. we're not (we aren't)." "No." Raspunsuri complete Raspunsuri complete ." "No. "Yes." or "No. I'm not listening to music." or "No. you're not (you aren't). he/she's not (he/she isn't).LIMBA ENGLEZA ." or "No.

" A: "What are you doing?" B: ." "Learning English." Exemplu "I'm learning English." "What are we "We're learning doing?" English." ." Exemplu A: "Are you learning French?" B: "No." "They're "What are they learning doing?" English." "He's learning "What is he doing?" English.LIMBA ENGLEZA ." "Learning English." A: "What language are you learning?" B: "I 'm learning German." "Learning English." "Learning English. I 'm not."I 'm teaching English." "She's learning "What is she doing?" English.INCEPATORI Intrebari inchise raspuns = yes sau no "What are you doing?" Raspuns lung Raspuns scurt "Learning English.

to exist. to love. to adore. to wish.INCEPATORI Verbe care nu se folosesc la aspectul continuu 1)Verbe de perceptie: to feel. to notice. to smell. to know. to want. to hate. to seem. to understand 3)Verbe care exprima o dorinta: to desire. to find. to intend. to differ. to suppose. to believe (nu se foloseste la aspect continuu) to wait for (se foloseste la aspect continuu) Ex: I’m still expecting the answer. to consist (of). to trust. 6)Verbe care exprima o stare. to hear. to mean. o conditie: to appear. to mind. to see. to possess 5)Verbe care exprima atitudini. 4)Verbe care exprima o posesie: to belong. to suit Exista insa si cateva verbe din cele enumerate mai sus care se pot folosi la continuu dar isi vor schimba sensul: to see to perceive (nu se foloseste la aspect continuu) to meet. to taste 2)Verbe care exprima o activitate mintala: to agree. to like. to imagine. to forget. to expect to hope . to resemble. to be. to doubt. etc. to have. sentimente. to equal. to prefer. to dislike. to foresee. ! ! . to keep. to distrust. to own. to displease. to guess. to detest. to contain.LIMBA ENGLEZA . to believe. to think (that) . to please. to recollect. to deserve. to interview (se foloseste la aspect continuu) Ex:I’m seeing my brother tomorrow. to visit. to remember. to hold. to regard. stari emotionale: to abhor. to owe. etc. to recognize.

breakfast (se foloseste la aspect continuu) Ex: I’m having lunch.  They live in London. to have a shower. lunch. Formulati intrebari pentru urmatoarele enunturi:  I usually get up at eight o'clock. ci este parte dintr-o expresie (to have breakfast.INCEPATORI to think to believe. to possess (nu se foloseste la aspect continuu) to take a bath. atunci când nu inseamna „a avea.  She often goes to the theater twice a week.LIMBA ENGLEZA . formeaza negativul si interogativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului „to do". Nota: Verbul „to have". to give an opinion (nu se foloseste la aspect continuu) to think of / about (se foloseste la aspect continuu) Ex:I’m thinking about you. to have a party). a poseda". a face pe cineva sa faca ceva pentru tine(verb cauzativ) . a shower. Exercitii: 1. Exercitii .(se foloseste la aspect continuu) Ex: I’m having my house painted to have to be to exist (nu se foloseste la aspect continuu) comportare temporara (se foloseste la aspect continuu) Ex: You are being rude today.

INCEPATORI  She is a teacher. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la negativ si interogativ:           I am reading a book.  He has a cold shower every day. We are learning Japonese.  Yes.  I like listening to rock music.LIMBA ENGLEZA .  You play the guitar very well. they have a house.  She has two brothers.Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la interogativ si negativ:  I love my sister.  He knows my phone number. .  I have dinner at seven o’clock. My father is reading the newspaper. My wife is wearing a red dress. His boy is playing chess.  The cat runs away. It is snowing outside. I am doing my homework. They are playing football. 3. They are driving too fast.  I trust my husband.  We understand our friends. 2.  She lives in Bucharest. She is writing a letter.

Mary usually (learn) languages very quickly but she (not seem) able to learn modern Greek. Please be quiet. 5. o Pamela asteapta un copil in ianuarie. o Cat de des mananci friptura? o Ce faci in week-end-uri? o Auzi vantul? Sufla cu putere in seara aceasta. o De ce deschizi fereastra? Ninge. Where (people/go) in the evenings? Ann? What the children (do)? I think they (play) in the school yard. Ea doarme intotdeauna dupa        . o De obicei mergem in concediu la munte.INCEPATORI 4. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Prezentul Simplu si Continuu: o Bunicul plimba cainele de trei ori pe zi. o Mama doarme acum. I (try) to read the newspaper. 9. What (you/do) with all that paper and glue? I (work) in a factory until I can find a better job. o Intotdeauna joc la loterie darn u castig nimic. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Present Simple sau la Present Continuous: What you (do) on Saturdays? He usually (drink) tea but now he (drink) coffee.LIMBA ENGLEZA . What you (do) tonight? I (meet) Jane at six. This is a very quiet town. darn u o face niciodata. 10. o Ce face Mike? Vorbeste la telefon? o Ce ziar citesti? o In fiecare dimineata beau ceai si mananc bicuiti. o Sambata seara ea iese cu prietenii. dar anul acest vom sta acasa. I (not love) that girl. o El spune mereu ca va repara acoperisul. o De ce mergi atat de repede azi? De obicei mergi incet. Ma grabesc pentru ca ma intalnesc cu fratele meu la ora 4.

Prezentul simplu .LIMBA ENGLEZA .INCEPATORI amiaza. Prezentul continuu – – – formare folosirea prezentului continuu verbe care nu se folosesc la aspectul continuu . Recapitulare Lectia 9 1.formare – Recapitulare Lectia 9 folosirea prezentului simplu 2.

FORMARE 1. trecutul are doua forme: trecut simplu si trecut continuu.daca verbul este regulat sau a II-a forma a verbului (eat – ate. La forma afirmativa se foloseste verbul cu terminatia “-ed”.La forma interogativa se foloseste auxiliarul “do” la trecut – “did” urmat de subiect si infinitivul verbului respectiv: Lectia 10 Trecutul – past tense Trecutul simplu .eaten) – daca verbul este neregulat: (lista verbelor nereglate se afla la sfarsitul lectiei).INCEPATORI Lectia 10 – Lesson 10 TRECUTUL (PAST TENSE) In limba engleza.LIMBA ENGLEZA . learn – learned (verb neregulat) I learned You learned He learned She learned We learned They learned swim – swam – swum (verb neregulat) I swam You swam He swam She swam It swam We swam You swam They swam 2. TRECUTUL SIMPLU (PAST TENSE SIMPLE) A.

hike > hiked Verbele terminate in -y:- ! ! Reguli de scriere .La forma negativa se foloseste did not (cu forma sa contrasa didn't) urmat de infinitivul verbului respectiv: I did not (didn't) swim You did not (didn't) swim He did not (didn't) swim She did not (didn't) swim We did not (didn't) swim You did not (didn't) swim They did not (didn't) swim 4. 3. inversandu-se ordinea dintre subiect si auxiliar: Didn't I swim ? Didn't you swim ? Didn't he swim? Didn't she swim? Didn't we swim ? Didn't you swim? Didn't they swim ? !!! Forma contrasa e cel mai des folosita. Reguli de scriere .La forma interogativ-negativa se foloseste didn't.INCEPATORI Did I swim? Did you swim? Did he swim? Did she swim? Did it swim? Did we swim? Did you swim? Did they swim? !!! La forma interogativa numai auxiliarul se conjuga.verbele regulate: Verbele terminate in -e / -d: like > liked .LIMBA ENGLEZA .

(A plecat de la Exemplu . (Am cumparat aceasta casa acum 10 ani. last week. then etc. la care se adauga -ed daca este precedat de vocala: play – played B. once in 1990. on Saturday.cry > cried -y ramane in radacina verbului. as. Se poate folosi cu adverbe precum:. a year ago. last year. yesterday. (Ei au ascultat muzica ieri. Ex: They listened to music yesterday.) We bought this house ten years ago. that day. FOLOSIREA TRECUTULUI SIMPLU (PAST TENSE SIMPLE)  Folosire trecutului simplu Exprima o actiune terminata in trecut. the other day.INCEPATORI -y devine -ied daca este precedat de consoana:worry > worried .) He left his old job in 1995 and moved to another one. last month. when.LIMBA ENGLEZA .

LIMBA ENGLEZA . !!! In acest caz se foloseste: used to Eg: We used to go to the theatre in our student days.) 2.) Exemplu Exemplu Exemplu Exemplu .) Why did you leave so early? (De ce ai plecat asa repede?) 3. (El a studiat Politehnica 5 ani. (Obisnuiam sa / Mergeam la teatru cand eram studenti. Exprima o actiune care s-a desfasurat intr-o anumita perioada de timp in trecut: Ex: She worked as a secretary from May till October. Folosim trecut simplu in conditionala de tip II. repetata in trecut. Este o actiune terminata in trecut unde timpul trecut este implicat sau inteles.) 5. Eg: If we moved in Bucharest I would find a job easier. (Trenul a avut 20 minute intarziere. Exprima o actiune obisnuita. as gasi un serviuciu mai usor.INCEPATORI vechea sa slujba in 1995 si s-a mutat la alta.) He studied Polytechnics for five years. (Ea a lucrat ca Secretara din mai pana in octombrie. (Daca ne-am muta in Bucuresti.) 4. (Ei s-au cunoscut la Londra.) The train was twenty minutes late. Ex: They met in London.

La forma interogativa se inverseaza ordinea dintre subiect si auxiliar: Was I swimming? Were you swimming? Was he swimming? Was she swimming? Was it swimming? Were we swimming? Were you swimming? Were they swimming? 3.INCEPATORI Trecutul continuu TRECUTUL CONTINUU (PAST CONTINUOUS) 1. La forma afirmativa se foloseste auxiliarul “to be” la trecut (was/were) la care vom adauga verbul respectiv cu terminatia “–ing”: !!!! CONJUGAREA VERBULUI “TO BE” LA TRECUT I was You were He/She/It were I was swimming You were swimming He was swimming She was swimming It was swimming We were swimming You were swimming They were swimming 2.LIMBA ENGLEZA . La forma negativa negatia “not” este alaturata verbului “to be” la trecut (was/were) la care vom adauga verbul respectiv cu terminatia “–ing”: I was not (wasn’t) swimming You were not (weren't) swimming We were You were They were ! ! ! .

LIMBA ENGLEZA - INCEPATORI

He was not (wasn't) swimming She was not (wasn't) swimming We were not (weren't) swimming You were not (weren't) swimming They were not (weren't) swimming 4. Forma interogativ-negativa se inverseaza ordinea dintre subiect si auxiliar la care se adauga si negatia “not”: Was I not swimming ? Weren't you swimming ? Wasn't he swimming ? Wasn't she swimming ? Weren't we swimming ? Weren't you swimming ? Weren't they swimming ?

!

B. FOLOSIREA TRECUTULUI SIMPLU (PAST CONTINUOUS) Pentru a descrie o actiune in curs de desfasurare la un moment dat in trecut. Se vor folosi adverbe precum: at this time yesterday, yesterday at 8 o’clock, etc.

Folosirea trecutului simplu

LIMBA ENGLEZA - INCEPATORI

Eg: I was taking a shower when you entered the bathroom. (Faceam dus cand ai intrat in baie.) At five a clock yesterday we were playing football in the garden. (Ieri la ora 5 jucam fotbal in gradina.) Exercitii: 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple:  I sleep until 10 o’clock every day.  He meets Maria on Saturdays.  You speak French well.  I go to work by bus.  I make cakes every day.  I play football.  I dream every night.  He often feel ill.  He understands me.  She speaks solely.  Tom hurts his leg.  Who knows the answer?  We drink water.  The baby cries every night.  His dog always bites me.

Exercitii

LIMBA ENGLEZA - INCEPATORI

2. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la negativ si interogativ: 1. We heard a terrible noise. 2. She looked at the picture. 3. They drank all the wine. 4. He lost his wallet last night. 5. His wife came at 10:00. 6. She lent you enough money. 7. She found her watch. 8. He sold the car. 9. He forgave his mother. 10. I enjoyed traveling. 11. We worked very hard. 12. Paul rang the bell. 13. He caught a flu. 14. I saw you yerstarday. 15. She ate a hamburger.

3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Tense Simple sau Continuous: 1. He always (wear) a raincoat and (carry) an umbrella when he walked to school. 2. The boys (play) cards when they (hear) their father. 3. I (see) you yesterday from the bus. Why you (use) a stick?

10.m. He (get) up at 6. 25.m. When I (look) for my gloves I (find) this gun. 13. 12.INCEPATORI 4. 11.M-am sculat târziu ieri dimineata. 15. 20. At 7.In timp ce cautam ziarul am gasit revista aceasta. Traduceti in limba engleza: 18. .15 a.Duminica trecuta am fost la munte cu parintii. 23. Yesterday John (wake) up at 6. I (share) the same room with my brother when we were children. 24. As we (come) here a policeman (stop) us.Copii se jucau la calculator cand a venit mama lor. You looked very busy when I (see) you last night. and (go) to the bathroom.Ieri pe vremea asta ningea.LIMBA ENGLEZA . then he (have) a shave and (brush) his teeth. 9.Ieri nu am mers la scoala. 14. 8.Ai dormit bine noaptea trecuta? 19. After breakfast he (read) the newspaper.00 am.00 am. 22.30 a. He (have) a shower. 21. he (go) to work. I (come) in very late last night and my mother (wake up).Ce faceai acum o saptamana cand te-am sunat? Ma pregateam sa merg la Plaza Romania. He (watch) the TV when the phone (ring). 5. 6. 4. He (eat) breakfast at about 7. 7. While he (water) the flowers it (begin) to rain.

a da nastere a bate a deveni arisen awoken a se ridica a (se) trezi 3rd form abided translation a rabda. a inlocui Verbe neregulate . 32.Ieri m-am sculat devreme. 31.Batea un vânt puternic când am iesit din casa.INCEPATORI 26.LIMBA ENGLEZA . 29.Ieri am stat acasa pentru ca m-am simtit rau. 30. 28.Acum doua zile l-am vazut pe Dan.Cine a câstigat meciul saptamana trecuta? Irregular verbs (Verbele neregulate) short infinitive abide 2nd form abided abode arise awake arose awoke awaked be bear beat become was/were bore beat became been borne beaten become a fi a purta. mi-am luat micul dejun si apoi am plecat la birou.Când te-ai intors de la Sinaia? 27.Ieri mi-am pierdut portofelul.

INCEPATORI begin bend bet began bent bet betted begun bent bet betted bid bidden bound bitten bled blessed blest blown broken bred brought broadcast built burnt burned burst a incepe a (se) indoi a paria bid bid bade a ruga. TV) a construi a arde burst burst a izbucni. a navali. a bate a sparge a creste. a porunci a lega a musca a sangera a binecuvanta bind bite bleed bless bound bit bled blessed blest blow break breed bring broadcast build burn blew broke bred brought broadcast built burnt burned a sufla. a adresa(un salut).LIMBA ENGLEZA . a crapa . a educa a aduce a emite(radio.

a se furisa a taia a trata. aploja a face a trage. a sofa . a desena a visa do draw dream did drew dreamed dreamt done drawn dreamed dreamt drunk driven drink drive drank drove a bea a mana. a se ocupa de a sapa a (se) scufunda.INCEPATORI buy cast catch choose cling come cost creep cut deal dig dive bought cast caught chose clung came cost crept cut dealt dug dived dove bought cast caught chosen clung come cost crept cut dealt dug dived a cumpara a arunca a prinde a alege a se agata a veni a costa a se tari.LIMBA ENGLEZA .

INCEPATORI dwell dwelt dwelled dwelt dwelled eaten fallen fed felt fought found fled flung flown forbidden forbid forecast foreseen forgotten forgiven frozen got gotten a locui eat fall feed fell fight find flee fling fly forbid ate fell fed felt fought found fled flung flew forbade forbad a manca a cadea a hrani a (se) simti a (se) lupta a gasi a fugi a arunca a zbura a interzice forecast foresee forget forgive freeze get forecast foresaw forgot forgave froze got a prevedea a prezice a uita a ierta a ingheta a primi. a obtine .LIMBA ENGLEZA .

a rani. a aseza a conduce . a spanzura have hear hide hit hold hurt keep kneel had heard ghid hit held hurt kept knelt kneeled a avea a auzi a (se) ascunde a lovi a tine a lovi.INCEPATORI give go grind grow hang gave went ground grew hung hanged given gone ground grown hung hunged had heard hidden hit held hurt kept knelt kneeled knitted knit known laid led a da a merge a macina a creste a atarna. a durea a tine. a pastra a ingenunchea knit kinitted knit a tricota know lay lead knew laid led a sti.LIMBA ENGLEZA . a cunoaste a pune.

INCEPATORI lean leant leaned leant leaned leapt leaped learned learnt left lent let lain lit lighted lost made meant met misled mistaken mown mowed a (se) apleca.LIMBA ENGLEZA . a (se) sprijini a sari leap leapt leaped learn learned learnt a invata leave lend let lie light left lent let lay lit lighted a pleca. a lasa a da cu imprumut a lasa. a permite a sta intins. a se afla a aprinde lose make mean meet mislead mistake mow lost made meant met misled mistook mowed a pierde a face a insemna a (se) intalni a induce in eroare a confunda a cosi .

sania) a suna a rasari. a sfasia a se descotorosi de ride ring rise run saw rode rang rose ran sawed a calari. a se ridica a fugi a taia cu ferastraul say see seek sell said saw sought sold said seen sought sold a spune a vedea a cauta a vinde .LIMBA ENGLEZA .INCEPATORI overcom e pay prove overcame paid proved overcome paid proved proven a depasi a plati a dovedi put read rend rid put read rent rid ridded put read rent rid ridded ridden rung risen run sawn sawed a pune a citi a rupe. amerge cu (bicicleta.

sange) a straluci a lustrui a potcovi a trage.INCEPATORI send set sew sent set sewed sent set sown sewed a trimite a potrivi. a se strange a inchide a canta shut sing shut sang shut sung . a tremura a tunde oi shed shine shed shone shined shed shone shined shod shot shown showed a varsa (lacrimi. a impusca. a fixa.LIMBA ENGLEZA . a monta. a filma a arata shoe shoot show shod shot showed shrink shrank shrunk shrunk a intra la apa. a apune a coase shake shear shook sheared shaken shorn sheared a scutura.

a petrece un timp a varsa (lapte) .INCEPATORI sink sank sunk sunk a (se) scufunda sit slay sleep slide sling slit smell sat slew slept slid slung slit smelt smelled sat slain slept slid slung slit smelt smelled sown sowed a sedea a ucide a dormi a aluneca a arunca a despica a mirosi sow sowed a semana speak speed spoke sped speeded spoken sped speeded spelt spelled spent split splilled a vorbi a accelera spell spelt spelled a ortografia spend spill spent spilt spilled a cheltui.LIMBA ENGLEZA .

LIMBA ENGLEZA . a strica spread spring spread sprang sprung a (se) raspandi a izvori.INCEPATORI spin spun span spun a toarce spit spat spit spat spit split spoiled spoilt spread sprung a scuipa split spoil split spoiled spoilt a despica a rasfata. a infige a intepa a mirosi urat stride strike string strode struck strung stridden struck strung a merge cu pasi mari a lovi a insira . a (ra)sari stand steal stick sting stink stood stole stuck stung stank stunk stood stolen stuck stung stunk a sta in picioare a fura a (se) lipi.

a invata(pe cineva) a rupe.INCEPATORI strive strove strived striven strived sworn swept swollen swolled a se stradui. a sfasia a spune. a pasi undergo underwent undergone a suferi (shimbari) . a povesti a (se) gandi a prospera throw thrust tread threw thrust trod thrown thrust trodden trod a arunca a infinge a calca. a nazui swear sweep swell swore swept swelled a jura. a injura a matura a se umfla swim swing take teach tear tell think thrive swam swung took taught tore told thought thrived throve swum swung taken taught torn told thought thrived a inota a (se) legana a lua a preda.LIMBA ENGLEZA .

INCEPATORI understa nd undertak e wake understood undertook woke waked understood undertaken woken waked worn woven wedded wed wept wetted wet won wound withdrawn wrung written a intelege a intreprinde a (se) trezi wear weave wed wore wove wedded wed a purta a tese a se cununa weep wet wept wetted wet a plange a (se) uda win wind withdraw wring write won wound withdrew wrung wrote a castiga a rasuci. arasuci a scrie . a serpui a (se) retrage a stoarce.LIMBA ENGLEZA .

Verbe neregulate . Trecutul continuu – – formare folosire 3.INCEPATORI Recapitulare Lectia 10 1. Trecutul simplu – – Recapitulare Lectia 10 formare folosire 2.LIMBA ENGLEZA .

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