68. .MT AND M!elllA (iEiillillU: Di.!

~O<I, H1S';l-93

n iM,USIC ''iilD~(4i, PJIIi!JluQN GIQtI.ngen, iIle Netlll~rlancl~, 1990 74 HOlE!!. AND RSr!1l:~ eOMPL£lX Abu OhPbi. 15f9[)

75 11tm:~lJM 91 GhJ~r-nrl~rt. Germ~n\!,. 1990

76 W.INtIO.N':!i066 1 ~g 1

78 'mUiliAGI1I!ii 'li'11.IAiS TIll'! l'Ii1>9ue. 1991 13(1 "fll' GRfAJ'tI10Ptl New York, 1992 84 YI~!'I)N, FOR MAmlll!I' 1992

86 IIWE liilRAUSS ,M.T HOmll. Nil'ben'l. G~rrnal'lY, 19~1 87 C'QN~ERT HNWIl. ~e'nhil~, '1992-93

sa IlHiElNiAl.IHMPI !i!i~llnnOPMEiffl' Cologne. 15I'!iIZ 93 ICA!RN\JNITIIM IJlfn'O~, 199'3

~ ,5PI1'mJlU viADUCTS V MM. H1911- 11)2 5ilillfil'Ai~IUU' Berlm, i"395

104 L'I'CEfE MAH~ ;t;:"ARLl!~ IDE G~I1IW I.ondcn.I9'3$ lOS IP:A!NCiRA:5 UNJl LI)f',don. 1990

1 0642Nil!l m~H NOTEII. frW York. 1995,

1 1(,) RWlJIIEPRINT PAVIIIJCIN !!llJ11ijn~rn, England, 1995 , 16 P~IlO Miili501M ~XTllN~IO~ MtJtiriCI, T9%

I 18 C""!lOlfif BA;tf ,Q:PElRA IHQ'!!ISf CilrMr, w~. 19911--96

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, H Pc.!!;,P[IR!. AA.T Dur@n, G~rman.~, 199-6

133 MA.SJEiIt':5! SIi¢nQN' Wnla! a nnale. Veroc~., 1991l 1 JS HIAII'IiI'AII!.I !!!tIII)GoE london.' OOG

140 IA I~E!NI(E Vernce. 99'6

,<!) ~I!iIILHA!iiM.QNIC: HAl.1 Lw:.em~lJtg" '1997

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1o(i3 HlA,CKNn' IEM!fJl~ l,ornll:Jn, 19!U

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, 70 ~UANlifWiRE AND Q~Uer$,

H~ PtCllK"I Informaoon

174 EM ,bdtonS

1 is Milcatll: • ..,

176 Vita

InLriXlualOol'l

,6 IBE,¥'ONIIilI ,89 DIEGIU!IES A.1i ron Betsky

The Camillel.e 8r.:ld''''9~ ndl ~rQJ~

1 6 J'M.1I'WOi:CW,S 'iIIEKWNliI. l.Qnoon. , ~7ffi,-n

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I a UIiISH PRIM~: !fj!lttl$1liiR'S, ;;ESlDEN.Ce: Ot;bl ,1979-80

\9 509 !AlION "~E London, 19!'11--i2

19' Pjll;R~ DiE IA VtW~£m fI~M. ~9B~--a3

20 THE p;~,J!t'K HQ.n9' Kong. 1%'-83

24 JHilWCJlIO (S9 OrGREi'$, 1983

2 S 'GRAND 18UlWING5 lMicon. 1985 26 HAl,!!;;~N rpUi~ lOo'ldon, 1985

28 M'ELllIir!UI' '~~111 Lonool'\, 1985

:l9 UM:'S'ANlHiIllRtArN$ MIIOln.I965

29 K"I'OlQ iNSTA.I.!LA;,1I10NS, Kyeto. 19085

]0 24 CATHCAl~,!,'IROAO ltindcn, 198H6 32 HAlMlIUAlG ~oCiI;aA!NDI!i, ~.mbUflg, 19&1'

33 NEW "!fORK, .~fi\!HA"AN: A, Nffl CllUli'UiAPWi" O:Ff'PIAt>l1 1986 311 I'!lJltFilRS,lIENEiMilM.10 Ilerlm, 1 gao

319, IU tt:OliliSllNG! I!!efiln, I ga6-93

'12 ~!iUI!iI~11iN TQ~yo. 1 ~$6

43 "l"Q.MIM'iI\',A 1,0\10;/1'0, 1 'S8(l

4JI WUl' HOl.l.YWOO:II 'CIVle elJNliRE Lei An lOS, 1987

45 1.'11 WAHD!1I :SfOliT5 ,CLENII'IlIE Abu Dtt.lbl. 19&8

6 M_~P,OLl5 LonIXJi'l\, 1 ~ ,jf7 ,ij:E'IUJH:l,00019H8

49 vl~;'J.C:nnA'CfTY A'RlJl~ 8erhn, 19Bii1 SO, ,A NTW iliAiRCElONIi 1989

!i I 1OKl''O IfCl(~.UM TQkyo.1 9-89

S2 HA1fE!I'4~,mSSE D"E,Vi!!l.O!Wi~NIT· HarntMJrg. 19809 56 M'eQ'NSOONI '5~ p~ro. J~p<ln, 19M-90

00 n)Li."IIl.3 Osaka, 1989-90

s I U;OCIl5HR $Q~j{AJE lcmdon, 1990

62 !jIllifU nilE STAliiON Well am Rnl!lfi, G~rma~. 1'39(l-!l:.i.

Introl;luc;tJon

BEY'O'ND 89 IDEG,REES,

Aaron Betsky

Or'l~' might Sil~ tltatUha Ha.tfid I!li a mod~m~l~ d@signing lolts tiro to lKh· oologiC<!1 OO~ ~ a cetebratrOl'1 om!!! m!w.l lHadid h~ notrur with l'jlpologles.app4led orders, impll~d as~umption:; or iii riIVlty: s.he bel1~\I'@s ilial \I\I'e could and s'hoLSld budd a b@ttef world, on~ mark@d by freedom, !ilbove all e'Jw. Wi!! \i\I'OOld be !Jber"b!'d hom 1he ))aSt frQmtn@ OXlstralflilS 01 sodal COFltV!:!rriQf1, frvm pl'lys1cal lam, and ft,~ 0" 'OUf bodhes, Archlte~1I11!. 'Ior modernisl5wch ~$ Hadid, ls the al.wa!JS rr~gmQflta~ cMitn.iCII(IfI of siJdl oil wOFrd

The 111m, an the '0fI'~ hincl, ~l(!end~ our 't~p(ehi!ruio" of th~ nec~des WMid! rUl~ our Ii~; on III! Q'Mer h.md, It rRal'lagc5 M MSU~!! tIS 01 i!n Iml'neMe ~nd un~E'!:led f~4d of ati'Dl'I OIIl' ~~~rTS a.nd our ~.ti!n ~1Teet£, C>iJr e "fO!:e<i ~OO fumi~h~d rooms. our fili1rWi:l $t~llons and ,our fiKIorle:. <ll>jleilr~ to "",ye us kx;k~ up tIope li'Isly. Then (am~ me' 111m ~Md bu~t Ihl~ pri~M-world ilSun'der Iw !he dymmit~ of th~' lentli of ~ ~nd, solh.it 11(]1j ..... I" 11h~ mll:l:l.i or ItJi f ,1'111"'" r.uir1$ ... nd tIiOOr1!, W~ c;ii1mll" ilml arivl!nrur~s.tr '!lO lfiM!!IIiI'l9_ Wlth 1M OOSf'-Up, 5p~~e' 'l!Irpomds:

Wli:h slem maibCIn, mc~l11ent tl. u.~d· (]I lille enl"rgem@nt Q~'1il ~Ri!m'I1DL dol2S NIt ~imP'l' rem;!'l!il' 1J'IjQr@ p~ ",.h~lln ~I\)' C3'I4! W<!S' !li5ib~. Ihough LJn.cll!ar i rl:'>'~ enbr!l.~ new 5-iru~ur<!1 r"rmatiOrt5 0 . tte ~u~t.. So, too, slo.v mOl.'IC!1'I ncl only ~nB "arnil:!a:r quaIL1ril'S< of mIl\!~m~nt but r~ls In them enUrely u.nk!nown enes 'lhilldl, fa, floCrn lookinglikil! reti!rded r~P"d mo~l!!'Its, 9 \'e Ihe ef~l:lCl of SlngUlalty 9lLdli'lg, iJoallng, 51,1:Ilemaii,lral mClOOM', E.Yid~l'I{ II" ~ '!:"ife~a. naM~ Opii1nS il2eU ID the ~II ~i'ian o~~ to th@ n~ked eye - If onl'l' b!muse diI'Il.I"CQr:\'lCoicwiy ~eneli'dt!!(] ~~ OJ; 1U~lJtuted for ~ ~e WMi5010uMy CiOplo~f'd !:r~ men.. •

flI.e Ex:pllos~Qn ,of IiII 'en~1 of: C! h~:o!'!d

Za"'a Hadid is iI great cifiej'rh~tograj;P~f. 'Sh~ sees Ii~ .. cam~a She peI~f~QS me at)' in ~Igw motion, m paris, swoops and d~-tlp5, m jump'(l)ts and narr~Itiv!! rhythms, As sl\~ dl"a'.'o'S th~ world a ,01,11'\(1 n@f, she drOliNS CUlt i:s Uoo::Jll' sdeus 5Pil~e!o. She 'Iinds v.t1al is. latent in m~ 'OOFll1JUt:t~[\'$ of our l'fIodem world and $'\iOryboards them lotO l.YKlpiaSo:. She bDldty e-~plo:rIl'S, ~h~ sfows. d01Nll and accelerates IIlIl' rhythFl'l& 'or everyday life. and $!'le ~bj0ct5, her ef'l'll1- rOflff\l!!nt to Ihe surgical exposition or archtteCb.Jr@ as a [arm of reprPwnlilllOO Sne bultd'~ the ~XIlIG$10i'l 01 a ~e"lh of a s\Kond,

Ths does OO't rnaan !hill ~f'le is nN an iirduUl(t, Za~a H~did arrro 'L\O build, and her Imags$ ar@ pan or Ill,.. pf'O(~ ~hat mo'IfEl$ lQI.~rd/; WMlruction. Sh~ d~s flO'l, htCl\l'!{@'.'N, p~ inserting an aLllcl'iOmo~ obj@Ct into a bla nk ~ite, I'fiSte-ad. ntH' buildings, are i.nt~sj'it::aDkln> 1hat lead lo '!!)(~FlsiOllS.. She (om" P'lesses all tfw @nAlfgllf5li1tal ca\lW U1!! bu~dlng 1.0 a.:p~ar" from Its. prog amme 10 ilS u~c.hi'lo&ogICial InfTlI,lructlUfe_ Her b'ulldmgfli are r~ee to reach cut (tom 'lhil5 'dE!n~H) to ore'ate '5P8(@S 'i1lat are free o' @nwmbrances.. '!NI1~r@ lih€re wa$ 'OOCI! (ihe potei'lli~1 'lor) prival@ i!dl"'l~y. waD~ and pipes. there- are no.w ~nards and planoe~ that s1lce throogn the la ndsca~ to opeil up ol S'J)'ICl! _ d~ not kmm could exis .

Hadid I\~s wrt5truaed her career in ilrtniter;;Wte' in a similir malir\er. Sn~ has J'OIdedw memoriel of a, ymltn spent on woven ca~ 1111:0 il uafnil'l9 llt Landon's Al"cl\l~ral Ai'Sooatior'l_ Sihe hal> used the fonm~ ,ei' I@arl~ twetlti, E!tlN)!lfltury anls.ts as trrE!' bUilding blo.::ks out or which ~ naiS ~(~cjted hel palaaos oJ ab:!.ullC:lm memories. She has d~",WJ1 'the ene;rgl~ of Iile City and 1lioe ~ll"" eonteurs of ~e landscape' around her like a desk, iUld tn.en uS€!d ttlmt fora' ~ tne 'st~1"Ii1'l9 poi~t [or e:(Jl'lor,~tion~ into an UnlM10\Nl"l tantory towa~di 'Ivliictl net ,angular rQ1m~ point.

the iflirree Modes of ~dernism

Tri3d~tiol"lall~', '. ~rt! all! three ,aspeas to sum rr1Odemism, First. i'ts oldJlerenu b~l~ m nE!\'" ~~I\,Jd.tJrE!s... I!~ hatne~l'I9~i!lChnaloog~, ~ good, modernISt ~~ we can use our (~ur-re5 (ifu:huding OIJrwl ... es) mOI>e efKiE!nlly to Cre.1le the maximvm arneum of $urpl\l,s. wn~th~r ofspacfl< or of \lahlol~ ThiS 'Woci rrL\Jcn' Is !ha;t whkl'l il5 ti'l1! heror( teallty ofll1e always tWN. t"'~ u!ure, Ihe utopian, illS lIlat which ha~ no 5.h3jJ'E and o:lfI'1~ aootlt by reducing form to I~ minimum_ 5«ofld, me modernist i:Jeli~ In new ways or seeing, PerhapslfJe world js already n~w. bUl W~ Just dorl'l recognlze' It assul;;n, We see ol'll~ wh.ll we hav.e beeoil lialj''H~d ~,o pe~c~l'j\e'. If 0i11y 'N@ ran todk in Fresh w~, we Coli'! Ch3f1ge lhe WOrl(l1 by just mat ;J.C.t- w~· n~ed to opeD"! our ~s, our ears .tnt! our minds to m@ ni!al,tles or our eXlst@f'lCE'. Then ..... e wilt alrt'OIdy be free. Third. the moderni~t wishes to repre-S8nt !!he feality 'oi' mod~mTI.y. 'F\!SJ!'I9 ·the firs. two aSJJ«tS, ~h~ or he transiorMs our new perceptions into repte~nt.litions for tbe forms WI? il.w€! crealed. Suei'll ~hapes are tne' ptoro.typ;l's ror a real~ m which th'l'lgs holVt! bKom reai'ra nged and di5SOl\!ed to th.li! point tlla,t all but title OOW dlS<lp~r5, !loy rli!ipr~1'I -119 Flew l.I'Ii1'L9S in n_ Wil'/S., we can bul1d iI new world ,md ~bl{ j' rf 01"11.,. Wlthl eur ~y@5.

It 15 dWithird asp@Cl Iha~ OO.1rac;t~J1Z5 laha Hadid, 'Sn@ doe~ oo~ in'i\ei"!t

m!'\IV forl'l1!!i of CQllSIructioo or ledmlJl09~; 5tie shows US a world 11'1 IWIII w;ays by rllfl1,esenlrr19 it in iI ra-dical m!Jrlllier. Sn~ finds Ill", roots oJ 'morIeml~m In me dissolution of booth s~bJKt .81]d obJea and draws 'them O\,Il OMO tI1e sta~ oflh~ modem landstape, wh1cn stle r~m~s, a~ iI pnac@' in whlen we can boldly go wandwil'l9_

The model!; f,cr sueh mm:li!'m~sm go back O!~ [ea~t to tne> Saroqu~, wn@fl s.ubjecl a rtd object first lost their unt1ues:!lcne<d authori l:i', I Mte<ad of tn!!' human body, wl1lch slOOd beron! God In a world of sio. lhere was only theoolllinuity of 1hB I'@.iillmto m,idl the sell became folded:

Mattef Ihu~ off(!j~ ~n ln1iinlltly POloo:s,liptl4lg'!', or ~I'I'I(M t~ WIIfLOu! t!mptlfl~~ CD\'erros ,!!ndle.'l<il" conialill!d Il'l OI!IW r<l~m;: lila' matter ntlW !om ,EJl:1'I tJ,oUl!' oo!'!1iIim a VtOrlEi ~ed 'IM1t1 ir~lill pm~gel;, ~rld· ,ed ,enrli p.nltlLlted by in lfI'IWsingfl" ~~fKi!lJrom jluirl. th! 10i:I L)I' of U1~ IIni\\l!r>1! fl!S4!'ll~hng II 'pond Q{ ffijj\ter If] wtlldl here exl$1S dotlerenl lIaM drul W<l"'f:5(l.eibniV

/lJ-crut'e!:lw'e ~,rrerrljlt!; to i'I'Ia~e UW flow of 'E!ii'I~,fID' Ijir1!Sellt. to ,catch 1'1, rn ns m~rlad forms:

The Ba!llXlu;e irw~l~ 'me irrfinll! 1Mlr~ 'Dr ~ The problem I~ liD' I1oi:rw Il'l finlih a fold, DuI 00w '10 oontinu~ Ii:, 1lj, I ~'llil ~ Ihrou!jh Iile cellh;g, hllW 10 bongl It ttl IIllinity I he TIJldIj d'e,le. I!S BOO mi!itcfiililm rOllJlll, It prgiJluog oil form of ~Slm, 0 ~tilrwnq. ihe g~~ el'erment Of InJIRlto Itn~ 01 jnlleoJon,. 'the CUJ'l!Elwll1i l! unique WJtiabl~.'

The il'ldlJ~Fial !'e!lolutfml of COIJ~ bull, such a wo~ld or chaos. remOWi", me n;irlg or '.I~lul! from each obJect or Indi'l'idllJal.and Jolcling it iru:o ~he How o~ capital. M ~ ~ffi'Uh:, arrnitKWre il'lCl'ea5ingl~ ril~ Into felds of gl~, steel, afld conc~te, 1Jowi1l!l! <lIOtlm;1 !he la51: vestiges of fo~m <llld bIJ ~Ingiflem behind Ifui ilC.cum!Jtallons of cOfIwmer goodl;_ It IS these flmv5 'lhatZah<i Hadidl I:milds.

Bringing the Clutside(r) in

Yill Hadl d's \I'IoIOrk d.Oi1S not haw onl)i' Ih~ W!!5l'Sln rool5 asoo~ia;:.ed' mth roodem[ty. IWm iII Iraq, ~he speaks of hr f,a~in~joo wllh ilie Pe~ian carpets of t r YOIJIh. I!OO inlrlcale pdJuems that deieat~ comJlTl!f1ensfon and ern'boi::riledill'!e collabot<!tIl:'OIf! efforts of harrdis tran~ormlFlQ w,a[ll)< .rn1O ~ SlE!rlSUOUS surfaoe, !>im;ple spaces into I ush OO@~_ Note, cnin,~denUy, lhat was, l3ls,o womerr's WQ!x J.

'In the Mrtll tlw' unfoJdin!ij 01 Hadld's \"<Qrk, Ot!i! ~i'i also dt<1W oil OJIllpilli!iOl'l to Chil'll)'~and jap~ j,(ro11 pilll1~f!l'!lS, Modem.i5m pmpo_s@s th_at we con- 5ctruct sense out ~f .~ ac[fl'lIOl'l cf el!'ef)'day actlvitles that «,nli n\J<lII~ Chii'ige our reafity. raihet '!lnal'l :fuill'lg 11 paril!l[IJ'lar o.rder CJ1kl things. lh15 is <I ~thod' of workln-9 that n:11_e p~i~ of~ls Pr:;1'1!!W' w-ell. They sllU1~ed in ~nd (M;I~ of their wo~, h:~:'u'lfl91 Oil small dBtaitS" stIC'Mflg stle.,e:> 5e'!Ie(~' tlm~s Jrom dj!f· 'f,ere\M angtes. 'strmging tO~ilt"ef lantisalpe$ OUt of isol~~"d @Ilements. The S'I'o'-Bi!pi of echoing Ii!les foklecd lnto iI \Ilsion tiMr il1rere-d and fe'tl.innecl a VIIOrld. 'lr"i'I$rN~dI, b~ck te th~I,Ij@'IN~r.

8,

AIl of these ~foj<lJlr.OrIS_fl! ~,vajlabte tc the' artists 0'" the {!all~ t~I1~em celltlJl)', and heir an provides dues to Htadld's plCWrlal bUlldJng blocks, Wilelher In Cubl5ffi" Expmssiorl:!sm or StiPremetlSln, .ilbsttact fragments ,!"rere ~~~mbll!!a into 01 flEIrratrve $triIXwre.TM(!'S(il~rnsts, blew up Qlielr world - Ouchamp's Nud@' D'f!SCf1lt@ng a Stio)in=~ i~ Hadid's, gr.mdmother.

Hadid's most immediali! pore;ntilge ~ lhalot t!il~ Ardtitectural ~iatiOti in L.cm:lcf'l. She nudr«l 1i'1~~ during iljJEriDd iIIifIel"l th~ sdi'lool w.a~ at I~ peak as Hie worl.d's cenlJ1l! of arrnitE!rnrral ~xperlment.,tioi'l_ Bu~ciing 00 Ih~ lega~ of Ard1lgram, nudellt~ and lieadlers $ic,lcn 1IS Pet!!f Coc • Ilem 1<tJoIl'la-as" Ill1"milrd T~h!.!ni! arrtd N~I CoaOO.s tril!~bed !he ,COiW\!I$lOIU of ffi!I! modern ....'Ofld Into the slJbj-ocl ilind UU! iml'f1l of ~l'Ieir work. D~lilng to be roodernku all

Q'I~r agar 1'1<, 'Ihey soug!'t to {aptur~ Ihl! '@I1t>.fgy 0" all OU,1 ~n~nsrn!!l acti"'I'ties by lelhng sttM'11l'S abo!Jllhern. arid !1'1 so doing added ill flil'i"iltiv@ vI@wpolnt to the sttempt to glve ~1'1:ape' 10 i'ROderr'lil!i, Whewerlhl! ~ _ro a n~ot<!1 and t.'OflYCIlurted (Ts.cf:'iI.!!YIi}, ,g mythical ooltliig~ (Kaal11~~ or Ol liIanite~to (CQ(i;I),

~ 0111 Incorporaled muiliFlI@ per5pocti!{f!~. 'S\I'I!e'eping al'lel expre~ ~orm5. "ng te(hnotO!jlCal framelNCflG Imo [l'fI'\1g~ wl"l00! r,eptesEntation de<5tnbed rstber than d~ne.dl,

C,onciell1,sedl C~lIgges

It 15 In IftIS QOllU.'xt that ZaM H~dld:'s wmk took maJM!. H'er tlrst. ,r.otat!le proIIKl her thesIS design for ,a bridg!! 01;'1)'1 the Thames (Majevkh'~ Teklol1ik,

975-77; p. lif)) i5 undoub:led!y il\debted to her ~iltlon 'Wlln FliE!m KooI~,aas - sIle W]aooraled with d'te Olf.loo of M~fOtdtal1 ArdlJlooitHl! fer II'~ )rl!~rs - in tllf wif'J in wJum Dlrorregroui'ld~ a geQmetry r,eduoed 'to 1'15 @sslmC!;', h l 91 e ... oklng th~ 'Suprnmalist won;;. of MIlIe-lllcn. Her painting af Iih.@ bridge coks, It l!ieltr@ Mal~'" arrplarleS,l.harl cooltl also 00 5.(utptures or hoITl!s. The ri!1jlf~lll:.' of llie ima1;jt 15 ~nl"llnHOOilll, ~i§ ~he saw 'the builollng as ar ~ooa~ 0Jiider..ser', to 1lS~ a ph, .. !"!! ~Mn popular .n me ArdJiiectural Association Tit bul cling il54!lr is. a modernist laft 1Iha~ aid!> back. on its!!'lr 10 bri/lg different prog ramme el~.FfU!nlS (vIIhlch sI1e doe~ not oolJal~ 5:~'j m,te cICi~@ ooFit~ct '.~ 111 each olile'l. \i\l'i"lal astounds IIJ15 ,as \liewers,. howev-Ilr. are nat Ilh@ pro;ect's 1 tl(tIOIlal asptrililiOFlS Of lIS qu01.aIilOtl!> gf me pilSt. ilIUi !!h@ Im8!JJ@ itseli; II, r clds !he ,page and eye with a reso.IUll! SlaI.ell'r@nl of the' ne'W,

If' ~e"'eral projern aH,sr Mr gr.u:iU8ijOi'II, Hadld corl"l!I'IWc! to iJe~jJ!op her rratl'le SlaOC@ more fully into a, spatl.allanguage. Th@ forms,td 59 E.1ton Place , 981-a2; p. 19), an apartmeru: design for ne. brctl1oflr. l:IirKi.ly ~i!an ItA C(Io"Ilbtrtal hat;! ~pll:J;rJi!d 01"1 'thil' ~Ite. The' dratwing ill>elf is an !!Xpflosion, ilntllJ'll! '1!"1'11:.nt5 I. PloKes OIl Ihl! poIg:e are fragmeflts frrom this most modern r,E!li!.as@ of

rgy. In wi1a~ was '10' bee.orne' a central toome In! Hadid'So a rc:hltee:lure, die 0CIjKl:S ,ol"1ll;!e~ anci the' d'tjl's I'orms aurn intof~rl'1llUre. lTlielle' mterior lilie('e5 • ~ fnO'.'~ back cut to take the-ir place as Pop An e:hmiitl1iS, 111 ~t.ag!! s.!!t ror Ihe re-occu ooOOn of a modern city.

Hadld drl'l'!!Ilopedi me .5,9 E<lil:Qn Pl<me arm I'IgS 'further ink) her vlslOn of ~ em Pf.lr:e (' 9S5~ p. Z8~. In a, I'OO'fli.o:p vi'f1W, ili@ ~r W<k~ a'oo'l'e tlie' ~5 the ti '~fO'il!liOUse-s 'to have ,11 I'@oor-Pa.n we ..... of <;1 aty COrtlll'l9 apart at the

~!'ii'lo" a pers,pedi\r'e that 1!o!i:S Hatlld;sfragme.nts 01 a mOO'em1st Yl-opia re· <.lctt tfmil hi~tonc.a1r1Xilir5.

.. arild's pFOp.o!i~1 for lhe new res;idence "or Ihl'! lirish ~,rirme Minister 919-80, p. 18) inlloduced collage inro her work. Rep!'@s!!nta!iOilal elemei'U5

- '<'!So glooes., bnciks) p.opu'.al€ 11 srm,P11i! QJi:le ~roughr which iii ICI!lg ruw1ng rut!; to o,poe.rl up 'thE! pmjKt'~ n!lrril~. tnste-ad ,of le'lllllg LIS about th~ ;;mg <lmme or Itw W., Hacl!d evokes the c05!mopo1r!~n nature of the' re.si~i', ra'ther than gl'J{~ us th~ plot soo '$eU;, tiE seeM.

i-o@lf propoyj krnhe Grana Buildi ii9~ Pl",ojElEt In LQ"J1(!OI'I'~ Trafalgar Square SiS 1'1, 2S1 :5ummariz,15 many of h (idt:~ ... ement~ and show.; her abilily rF- m.aglM the urban lands.::ap@' l1w p~lntin9J Is " dlplych Iilat d@pftt5 t:#U1!dlng rrom at fB .. -st five p!Ns-,poeclli'O'C!S. It also ~htuws the city pi!~in91

,away from ils@lt In born a rLght-side-up <!ncl it OOtlOlINtp \.lt~, CorN' "Q • !.Il'I$elUing effect or not knowing wha~ is. ~ reReclion aoo what is r"":, renf'ecl !lfal.!OO of the painung. ~ combining l.he d~m~:s of iill1 Es,:" d'f<lwmg wiiI1 tilt!;;' .. s~ftatiorr.s of a COMlS~i\lClMi!t CDI1"IIl<l"SWOfi. HBdld o,,~natJ!is the c;ity.

Hadfd has a programmatic rOibollale for thrs manner of r-epre'5ll!m .. "

the Grand E!uildlngi5 p,F(I,Jm was· somethln.9 Ulal 'ivoblld put trw act .• : ~l"Id forms 01 Trafalgar Squall! anto a dense composition that wOllld '<<,~ layers of open spaces to .111 r:JW ~l1e city to bt,e'all"rl~ mto ~ building ........ r agg~s5w~ shap~s mQV~' ClIJot into U"te urb..an tll'lraln. o,Plilning up t[-o; ~~. • lhe mntS, wl\eF"e tf'le reallly W~ 'E!~rifmcc ,~ndltle f,lnla<sy of ~ r'e'.\ P' ~ 001'1 Or building meet, bec:am~ i!! tl!a.l rent wbJea ci her pa Intlngs r > Insl.ance she a(wrnprlshoo thIS Wllhln the .ma,ge ltsel , le-avrng Tra~ .. ~ Square to Its O¥er·roLlllllloo rp.illi~ anti I~r byllthn.gl In tn~ I.!~oplan r~"- • I.!orulfilted tamasies.

The symrnation af dll!Sl! e<l1II.~ ;,vorks 'took I:WO 'forms. The first was a p .. mgtna't pF!!Sentea all ~f !-jar p~ ta n!il'al lXI·inl, nle World r89 CIe9~"" (11 983; p. ,24), ttl it Had'.id kFni!!]ines our global teallt)i as ii colleaon o· r de~m as Wl'l' might see' them from a heilicopl:er Cf ai m1s5il~ s.hootJn~ efr . space, A£ me WO"Jtdl nrms, Its 18nd~a.pe hea~es up IflW lragmerlt5 o· r- e ,geomeUles. The real world bscemss Ha:dfdland. wliere gta'llJ'iy (l1s.1poe. ,pe~l...e warps. tln~s, cQlw,ergl!, a no li"rele IS no. cle milXm 0 5'Call! Or it("" Iy. This i!; FlO! a SflOOi!C: S>:lefie of" furrC'..iortS and forrm, bur ;3, CCI"!5~lla~ 01' fl'D5$ib!e composi olieS mat tog@lh~r form a \fI!rita'ble lamll::lS"Cap~ oil ~p~ - ~ shaped by human hends inlo, an arlJ!f-oal dep!ction of the physica @n.' rnetlt In wfii:dl we liv:~_

The 5.eoor"la 5ilJrnmatioo mad'@ ~adfdl f:amo:u!S Her winning enlfl( 1Qf • ~ Hong Kof\g P"eak (Omp~1ilion (11983; p, 20) pr~ 10 t1io!;.t!iilnds of arcr. :E-:-. and deSign sludmts (i~ud'~ng thi!> au~hojJ that tl"1B t@chniqu!!o!. sl'1!! n .. d be- .. !Ie~.E!r.opiflg ~re <I new form m ardlilOCturl!. SilUal.ed art the I"Ilghes, L-;: • of 'the oololl~. th~ project w~ Itseil( ,a summation of tim .sitE! as Wi! I d! • all those f}sagtammes. Ihat jetlisoned the mundane· d'i!mar.D5 0' ,e:>;'?~~- ~ in ~a .. au r or a pUFe~y heaQfi lrode ,:olleca]on af farms. The b lIild(r'g " • as fadrily 'Ihill! aimed to delight ,and di~lpl'oo th~ bollY In <l ro~m t""U alDtl~'~ soci,llly,"!coeptable.

Hadid's armitEM:tuf\!!' 'em'bodioo thIS; programme and 51h~ 11"1 lub~~ .,,~, staQ::,ed up 01"1 lop or eliidt mh~f lik@ a pFI~ ,or wooden beams on a CQrS:' • lion SIre. They '1!XI~lldet:l the "'erbC'a1lty of' e sitE! in Cilmil~ and "fiM - s,pac~s.. Th~ inU?r1lfces of !he ~orml> affi(u'a~\\d &~ Pea~'s fiJF.C!IQl:l as o!l ~ - dub whef~' ~11~11ies interrecled, whir.e tM bwms' movement $e~med ~IJ .:; ,,; lur'e and ~hdlfy t1ie trajt'crory of oodies In mol!ron. It WillS a bUlldl11!1 : ~, btought human and liI'Iountail'l togli!th~io wst ~ch othet. I did ro: ~ . '~rO'lllll"l~he brow"; It pull~ ~ 'W'i P,eak, .apart 50fuill 1o'!t1!', Ilkt' '~W!r,!:_. Tlla~. OJUtdi dO' batUe W'ili-J it.

Hadi<! laid O'Ut this vision 11'1 iI ~(O very I.uge paintings Ihat ~Em~ . ~5fllreto Ule Kale ofih~ ~a~ i~lf, Althauog.h the' afiCl1il€'Cl ~pna~~: rol~lQ(lal !\aWr.e of hN ~tf'ilJC'tIOIil, t!"r~ dra'Mf\g,iS gX.iflli!d itte ~rt5 <!l'Ia Il K~:

~wrt, ~Wfl9 frts ~lte <Ill(! lEi p"ograrn~- In OI1i~ painting H.xfia si1aM\ea elern Bnts oftht> dub bKOrnlng pilrt of downl.ovm HOflg Ko1'19. whll~ 'lh~ IrUWt(loUs'$ .sk'f,lcra;poers be1O'\1'Vbe~meabs1r.Kt pl~iies that fOl\lred,. flew on and aduaCylur:JlEd into UH~l:luildlf191 h'lock5 far tliB ~ilk., Inlh~ instances Ham!:! pUlim'l!.lard all M(hi~dm~U'lat ~pr@sooMd lJi1~ <!rofiti"ll~nd5c;!!pe< Qr dlator ;1Ii'I)/ rrutU>Ol"'Olis ~~. an assembly of <lbW~a georrielilic rQllI"1~ These 5'h~rds of lne I!'!e'W pOinted !O'\I\I'ar!lJs a more' open. Inlte.,se a{ld L.ln.~tab!e amlflgernBli1l of spa(]!1'.

S&:Mi1fl91 $Q[I on '01 S9 '!:Ii Ge$'Wres

In 1:h.~ folb'Wir'l!] d~d!! Hadll:l ex~l'ld~ th@S<?!h!M!1~5 tn. oolldln.gs., d.!!$lgl'<'l and pro,lxl!;1II15 around thE' w.or1!i, <!I nUlll'lb~t 01 \i\!llid'! were In Ge:riiil!ad'l;,'.Tl1ese Included her l';IKI I~~t bYilrt prajeclS to dale, lI1e IliA Housl(1g ,Block In Bertin (' ~M Ii, 3m ai':lt!~'he Vill<i rrJ~ :5r.aEIDJiJ 11'1 W~I am R:heln 0990-9111; p. 62:). Whlt.elherorrFl@r b~lIh t~ b~si~ forrn.s uwd Iii:! dwGrand !!ulk!'i1lgS deSlgn. ~he Idrtter pointed tlhe dil'OOiOO to a new' ph~ 'of her 'lVOI'ik.

Thn projoclS b BertJn Vknma 0988: p,. 49r}, Hamoor'il l-li1IfrItll5~fassf! (1989; p_ 51) ar.dl DGs&llJdarf (HlSS-9'.3; j:l, 68) h~d In c:ml'lrnoi'l ioWlill had b~ now become H!adid's Si!)f'liU.UFIl PftlW shiiP115~ lofVI~ki! spaces around eccentnc ~@s. public 5p;i1Ces ib:rtlughl Into tOO building ar"i!l §1101~ '~xl.Mdirll} aut f1itc Iti~ Itity, O;ore, the ye1!1FS lheSli1foWM todk on <In almost stylistic cas!. \i'E!t the'll olit§o rn.lngerl maroct.er, They be:c.ame l[gh~er, more 'lIarlspi3r,ent and more Ia,y. en!d. To !!iDn:I@ d~l\l!elhi!; wa5 th8 r.estlll of r..rger ilOO rn ITIO&t C:8:1.@!; more ttIn ... el'1~lol\al programrm!~ 'fh;ese of'r;ti! c!jJllI:Iing~ ~l1d apartl'!'!!!f'it bloc~~ !'ad r(!\,.., hybrid 1!1l!ml!ntli;. so ~l 'MIS, ~rhilps difficu1t to d!!\i1!'lcp oil I1MF.lIiI!.Il! f!!'Pre· s~l1Imlil:iIFI of.hem,

Qn~ at;o Sl!r.wd ,a sNft rJ'l 'foous, 'r.Mle(re' Iladldi's ~¥fier Ix!lkfir'Jg!S were coI!. 'Iages ~f1i\'Il&eci ou'! aI Cli~pal'<lre elemffit:li, h@rOOrrns nOW '5efmOO to ,~ as sirl9lular g~11J1:@§ To i"I.!lmd !his \M3~ the resUlll o!s.!!OI!1ng n.er VI'Ort .as ~ Form Cif

lal"!dscape. or ~haping of 'the ~and. \Ntii!e ~he aerlin \r'lcIOI'Ja c: ily Areal ill11 rei· I~d lh~ r~fl'!l Qf'inlllmificaijoo ~nd ~iOfll Hadid ~ fi!'!it w~ if! the Grand BlJilditJ9~ sd!eme, the laF9~ ootnpl~es 111 OO~ 0100 ~rankfun rNd lik@ frol9lT1ml!; of a mOO!l'lnisl ic@befg wi'IcIs@ d@fis ~<W1! .th£! ,E!d~ mii qpen1fl9'S. ~'ieIWJ'~ roe~~~ the partf~llI'!aWte of ~ bL!ildil'lgl, In the· O~ldQrl prti" je~ ·lhe< ca~~ 1,\arQ!~ (l./f!ctiQrl~aOCll'l.!e .sim!l~r forms. \!Vh]oh are s11eered cU ii'l~o bridges, \I'I"a~'k'w:ays ana publiC b~lIdfn.!JO 1.iha~ are< l.iI'Ii~et:lln Nr frtoe a:plo'r:aWfl of ~Gf!_ W1wtoor in ili~ fM.li:dLC r~alm Of Wi too offig!~rs:. ~ i> Pir~ of il1e SOIFne un!,,\!,!r5e of forrm

Hadid'~ 11S~' of cOOur also 'began to dl<ln~~. AftEf tll~ Mt irna9~ of lh~ ~nd~n rt::"l! Prot~~ (1988: p- 0=6') ~nd~oo cotour·c.od~rr<l9m~~ tM~t stili haunted beth BerHn blJildf"915, ~I'I~ atli'ler GermM'I dMlgn~ wet'e' remar~ab1y soft In tl1etr cotooratiortS. This was, P'lrI!l~Uy bE!C'UJSie gl~ nOW ~om~ooled. <Inti pBma,ps ,800 becau~E! of W rel~ qJey ermmnmmr 01 Gellillan dtle5. n also,. h~r. ~.med to I'tlark a (oo{irlrl dOWTl Qr H~d's ~aleUe; tones a.rK! lOnaJl~es. fOldS of OOl'll'lirIual f,ormUM modl!la~ed ~oluml1S diSplaced ool!ages of sha~._

Th_, d:@lelapmoo15 rnrmiflil<OO in .~ Vltfill Fir'~ :stallion. \Mlen arm- ~ il tram Fmnk. G!!Jtry's mletlra1~d illI,iI\If1~t!i1' mlt'.e!Jmr '[lnf ii mest awafr of ttm pww·llkl! sha~ of ill!! buMing I'll [oE'aRly - and I-Iadid's drawifl9iS FfIoilk:l! this. dear - Lhe fire Sl<1hOJI tla~ been ~xmcepl\J<I!lly sheared 1;Jff 'rwrn 111t'facwry blocks rue:d tel il and shot through wilihr .a ruMrlg walk~ thilll~ back. to tile mUS8um and OIfo!Jml 11'1 .. {ompll!X. II t:!; <!in E!ruplfoo oot 01 i~ pl.i!a! Ihill (ir_ 1.h!:! mJJtm1.!!!l;!; Dr 11'1" (;xtory wall!;, all lilting (!j'[d~LJl'es., The buiJdlng QP~ffi up ~ .iII[OOg t~ fire !il~tJ(ln"~ car'1iloor:Sr ralill!Fthan !i:!llndrfl9l iiga[n!it Ih!!m 'I'nis g!!Ologlcal Tlmnl!UOn mfI~il1UB on thr! ~r'!Isidl? 'W1'ler'8:ihl? f!a~F 'Sjl!l(flS ('01 th~r.r1! IfUoKS. (Unti! mto the: ~~f ~m1 lo~ng~ Ol~,~\ and tha .n"I1'" S'l€p up wl~h tJi1~. ~olillfifle5 toward!: me second floor,

H~dkl pr~ with Vi~FlI ~hi!q sill! [Quid build a ~~f1d~~_ Altoough ·the

10

flIil1 iIJlijJ@<lr f1!rnlB.ar, the~ are a 100000g wa~ from u'e ClJl'ili~!:led a'f>SlErTIof hr t'aJI~ ~k. ~n$l:e,ad O'r biJ!ldil'1g CIIl Ifill land. oPf!rblng up IlfW 15 itOO' lfl5ertlng forms !hat reared up wiil.h aooF@$Sjy.~ dlali~1'Ig ~5 to their .., ....... II'lo'IiIA9S, 5~ nO'. v dJ@W ner form~ (lui fr,om thle site. I"I'IQUldea ''''lIem out 01'15 Bnd! lISed ~p;!tiDI 1%l1C to create 'ITlOflummtal buill acts HIlt -~e bec .. me r~minisl:ent 'of now fi~ fiw up OYler hms arK:I r:a~es UIl De!ow ~'hem, of how Mrs mQ'o1~ through ul'IOlI.dI<l'ting: !~l'Idscapes and! ~de a sense of Ofl@:rltaDi:lfll, Pl!miIPS H>ilclid rwllz'ed that the 'exploof oil enlh 0 iI ~n.d' re-l;Iea Ii 00< so mlJCih Ihe OOllstfllCIJOtl of me ~hl! as it did 'Ine rlalure of U,e blHlt f'mlroon1imt <I~ a s@dimootaaI nurnar'll Inab~a,tlan tn..t rofJ~ ryl~ analogous to t~ in Incrgliiflic , $h(i,' fourKI 'rree spaCES net in iile rragmE!nts of 11 u •• but ~n me

- _~ rna hUol 'Co!l!otrol

mt. Wlfal!i beog1i'1 to appear in Hadid's W'OI'K. in too f,old!ld rrJ8tai pl,lt~ k:6ed the BIU8(lrtrll Pavilion (1995: p. 1 ().fn. 'the ciJrlmg IJp of the

'urban jewels' ~fl1fl1! C~rdl(f Bay Op~a Hou<w n9!!4-'96; p. 118) amI1!1~ Victcma ~Iltl A1b(;!rt Museum Ik:)i~<!ttlo!.ilse AtJdnlon's I]gilt ~!:!LJel1(@ of ~~~ Wa~6, p. 124), After WOIndering 111 the la.nrloca,fM!, Hadid's bulkfiMlIJS ~ern to want to mak!!' tlu! lan.dscape their own by wrapping It around thE illI}g ammes and men using the' rurrcl.loo ~ ~t:l sheJw Of OlI'Ita 1'1 space, I'l'Ilhe V .& A profert, ihe galrery spaCf!S ~~ !Jill b:e~or1ltl U1e roofto[.l:li lin .hi' SOlrrnl' way '111~f !lIid in Halian PiillC1!'. ~I'I ln~ c,ardilf Ela~ Qpe.r!! HoLM splr,a!5 endesa the gramj spece 'cr .he maLn ~II; in tj!je IBluepr,lnt Pavillo['ll, tliPy created an aedirular prl!S@r1C@IDr lhe f,air Si.arnl.

AJth.(:;ugl'l masl of hili ra:fflt wmlts 4I!"@ larog«! buildings.. i;ladfd d~ l'hem as trarupa.rc@nt volumes. rmteiJd' of trne' welgh!y ?iE1ei'Ke of ti!dol1ic: Jl'a~l!';;, W!!1 I10W r,uggests U;a;t the rllimlpul~ Don of gw:~1Jy ~nd ~l.Kture oo"LJld liberale .a 5piJCi! rrom its m.rrFi!15 'I1'Ml preo«l.!p.;!oon V/,!II~h ocntimJlty or a I~pe becomes rlKa~ as opM reache~ <lnd Interior lIOIurI'\ei. Mitrl)' or Iil@ dr<l'Nfng~ aS8OClat~a ~";lh these prqec:15 tI:a\te wtlile line'S on blad:: surfaces.. a~ if lney were bUI sk~ or powb.iliti!!S O~l'!ro IIIl~rpvela!kw'!, The OOrliJinties;'of her ear~ proJeCIS h1We gl\i'el'l Willi to the gestural exploratia!'ll[):f ;'lb&tract ope~

111

fhi~ tran:sIUGefllt, g;emlik1!' qu~Jjty ri~dd1(!(j ~ w1rni!i1~tiQll1 in H.;ldid'~ pr~l~ [or tI1e Hackne~ IEmpire th~atre ttll:lilpl~x (, 997; p. 163)andi lIle Cn1Cmniili C:orue~'Y Ans Centre 0998; p, 1 G8). Hel'lel d'le s'klns disso1\ie Into not!\ingroo.r~ than 'H1~ IFItffi'jI~ Ibt;!Me~n the- l~ne1;(JlI' of th~, dW ~ m:J1 H~ inrerlQF_ Th~ fOi'(~ b~e more and more IocalflZ'ed Tn r",mps a.nd ~pir,alling volume; ~okI'iilg oiIi'Id rfl~e,loc.kli'lg. positJ~e rOfr11S {walls, floors a~ c.ejlings:}ana oogatilo\ll space,s. (~l\11a'bltJble $p.a~s) '~Llm IfllQ eels ~fliilteriflgl a~ndl each a1ilIlr in elj\llr mo;,E!' d~se. end yet fully lucid. spilfialorgllnizilool1S.

AtlheS<lJ~ tlm~, t~ WbylariQl'fIlS of l\er ~rtier projeci!:S tum rnt'O dom~ ~l'l!tk>atli.rI~:;;, ThfY ~rt bundted tog~lher to. fmm!,he Spitt~r~1:J Vi~ducb In Vrerma 0994: P,gs Oll'!!ci lihe H!abilab!Ei1 Bridge proje<t (~9%: p, 13'5)- Though to some ,~tel'ltilie bee:rn5 rleGal1 '1.I're sli300 of the Pffilk pr,ojecr. tl1le<.r are now' ffiucl1 censer <ind marelllglmy ~a; drc~I\1~IOO aM us.abl~ spIlte 'Il<l;:~ vlnu~lly lindi5tfngiJ~sho1il)[e. They also ilmphasi<Z€ ll1e hori~Qr'ita~ mQ'lremel'U th~wgh ~O!l ower' tha verl,I",,1 bulld"iJP olflJffll_ trllhe 1997 pr¥l far ;31 1~l!1d5(43pe if:o:hibition In Germany '~p, 1!j 1), th!1~ me'lget:il with HadKli~ prewCllS irllerest$. If! th!e maklr.g Qr ~ landscape tQ Ci'e~t.e' a greal cUi"i'ed planoe.

fowamls '!;II New k!lild~!;IIU!

Landocaj:le :has, be..orne aJ dOiil'![i'larlt pte-'OlXl.Jpi!tlo!'ll In Hadid'swo~" !hhe' "'01· umeosot her designs <l1~ increas~Jy nuld,. so are their ~nerlors" In projec:lS lik@lhll! MtiOrurJil of ,Islamic Arts to ~\1Iililf 09:97; p, ~ 56), h bulldm;g berotrnffi no more: or less tJ\iai'! <I ripple tJi'iI~U!aidfi.aOl.!t of the srte, mO"'~iI'!21 up Lit! ei\C.OmjM55 spilCe!'S <Ina then dying bad:: d.OVI!'n Into. 'li'Ie g!"O'IJ M. Couli1yardi slot!:

weave ~pl'J.~e '~I:ld sclid t:09e't~r li~e' i.l I\l~jan carp~t, but also tlk.e r~~ 'or ~akes, al!1~ m01;\f in and oot. or ~ntl. til:i~' ripple!: lin C:Jo!.i1ill9l Q( li1erQll'mi or llile Vemer fa'lllon 'harrs m~ adores, 1lM1!! bl.lllC!lil;g~ ~Ire 1Ir!(}1ilds O'f the (IF!!)gr~mmehll'is~ up 1l111¥ ;;IS far <I~ '1Jl~ must tQ.a;("()ornl'l'\illllfal~ U5@, bll:lt ther! r:evea1lt1e beal.i~Y of U'le bod~ !iI'!ner>e!'lt il'l!tie 1lfI!:wem~t rtw!l.

rn&kle INs i'iew ;.o.'\Qrld~ ho~r'. lih:e.r~ is ~ dfUel'ilM realill'- It ~~ on~ H~dld has mml, rully explQred in SlJd1 recel'lt pr*ru as net' ~~htem~ 'ror an ~Ebilln ths Loodolf1 MlllMnium DamE {Io be COO'!plll'~ in 2000). The comp'l~ inter·we<l.Yi!"lg of ~.p~oes <!l1ti forms j~ ~ootlllld ~r by th~ kl~~li~e ~irtS, but wl~hll flFJI of a willi, h cootou~ af lall1cs6ape OOt:OIlle t:W8rharlging pr~. !-ladle! ha~ net lQ1gotteF! her d~re te g~~ beyond thJ! Itmili>~ 01 sm ~001 progra.JT\fn~ to crerJOO MfUClliIle5: that seem !ai11~rand ifIIOfe Opet'l tMn VIle· ~rwm a confine(! iluilding.

M~ of i1adkl's f~em profect!: ,tll~ appear to ha!;l~ replMe;d slabs. :p.rows ~.n.dl blo~h 'With 8piral!; am:lIlJOOos,. Mmfan and g~re nave ~pli3ciW IQrm .135 QOrnindll,t elemel"!~, <1001 tne' wwk !s more open, til"l!tatr~e'afid lyl11U!l. Or;t'eil'llng' up!hil' urban J~"dSCiipe. uflfdlding tilll en.erg[e~ of !tie rnOOBrr'l1 melt,ppo:li5 and cre-<lI~i'1i9 a, \I',iSiOfl.il1)' 1,\,'01l'd\ Hadkll ~pl(]fes IIlI! ~ .. ~i~l pos!libi~Ii~f; 01 sudh an archi1l!!cWt~ In ftlt~ 1h11l1 i'laVl! Ihl!jr own twot09:r. ~trudJUf.f! and - dare one' say ~t - !i:tyli!itic prnpef1J~

ThE! manner In whid"! ~e pr~~ts. this wmt po"lJaJ.I~ Ins. l~IMlbo.ru;, Oller h y£:ali H'adh:j 11M 11Wo1ijiedi herself 'less and reS!; withl.h~ ei'ieCYliOn 01 her patn~lf!gs~fld drawings. She 'rlI;l'W IlI1(!ofm15 to work, lake a Rl:!naIS:SilI!1Cle' mas/reI', all ~e had of aft :atelier, She '!~el,"H1es <lnd !:Ioo!. 'a.1r !hI! prOOs!!IlrK!:s' that

II\dJC<lOO n~r d~Sfgfl OOJ@CIM!S;' her ,c;o.'lNO-tkers ren.-d'er ltIe WQi'k iU a l~r9~r se_aJe andf,ill In ~n~ $~~~ Iboi!l'IUem Iwr ges.tur1!'S. 'Thef,B ~s less detail In the< W{)r~. less. dlfferel"lliaUoi'l .and 1~5 oQlour. Having f11lOJ.(@I] from mul6t,ololJred iind hf:!iIIIlly painu~d m1lagi1s to monoch10fT1e wash~, she now produces p,}il''( ngs mllll~fe only whl.1!f:! linll~ an bla(;k. pol per, ghoslS of O! fUlllroclty.

S(;t.een ,Gems,

Despitl? rr.er conlil'luill9 pamrerly approach, HadJd now <IrS(! mO!b~ use oi !h@ COfIlp\l[er to advance l\I;1r aims,. Th~ la~e5t ~softwar@ allows 111l~ to t.lke the 'existing ~mtst;.<lpl!" and unfold It. to pan, SWOOP'. S'Wef'\!'e" cut :slow dOWl"l and ~pfed up. In rnalnY ways the complJtf,r fulfils a@nlilmlrl·~ p.mmio;e, especially as !tie 'sl'lp~ration ~n p~(llplIDn, r'i1f!reserU.atLQ.F! and re~[l~~o!'l dl~, Th~ ,oornp.l.lter ~ a ... w~~ of regJSten~{~c;ls aoollt am ~nI;l1JQr'imE!nl"$: It makes ~'I5ib e for~ that iIf~ othe!wis@ too abSltact to see; 11 alll'l~ U5< ttl torm and r .. rarm lhose facts hOW'e'llef we choose; it c.n U'1el'l QUliin~ tIl€'s@ eritical r~ rps!l'I~tio!lS into' bUlldablll qualities. Thus tile I'!eW comes out of <! m(ll"llpula" >on of !.he 'et)t,es.entatiOIl or wha· already exis.ts.

What di.5OlppedrS m '[he process is ,.he hand of the maker, This 8lffiJilmin a:&o predicted, but it W6uki Sti!m parlilwlarl~ 1r01'11C In thi~ a!Oe" l)e~iJSe< or Ha.d!d's !\emit Mance as ';1 I'flaKef of O1Jtrageol.!lS s:tructur@s;_ To a e,ertaif'l eXleM , ills ls not .some1flin-g that shE! t~ n avoid. The laleSt oomputer' program~ can

r,i:der what Ha~l[d hoild COf'I~truC't@d ~ such c:are I., [Ile 197,05 and 19805

In\.Q ,; common mode of pre:'et"1tatIQfI E~I!f'I0n~ IOOiIY S€1Il5 '!hEir b~dclrngs Jrom ~~1'lQ1 he~oop't~ •• and mafl~' des[gne,rs,mflow tflli! .stl''!!'S5 points. of rrwual and 5lcOI"i~ to m'ilt~ undullll!ilg. altell"lu~tad and ~~ik"e structlJroes" At d'i~ S<l~ time-, Ha.did Is r'~nstble' for @\n..g.eM.enFlg a 5,t}ife' that now rOl'ms o!floe b!.llldiM~, hOOl~ ami fa$t·toodfrancnl~from Sf:!a:ttl~' to Singapore.

Ins\~d of .llii' Jrame<J lmage. ~he ai\ic:al painting ordle film, the model far h~r work Is now the screen dial ccllecls the flows of data Into moments of light 0100 dark. The reflection of h@r own fa~' IS. barel:,' ~lble on tl'iat screen Mosi. or die< spare IS dark. and the UI'le5 IXH 1'Ir' oot QU~ of the ca;d.mster 0 till! spac@ O'f repr!!$@l'l!atioo, but 11"1 towards thl!' ~ows ol i!'l"IOfTl\abClil. The quesbon lama I-Iadid nO'W 'fan'S IS wOO!.her srre can ~idify tnest;! "fIOM into form. Can .sI1e fitu:!, tile 1~~Jl'I1bB~n<lI),~ ph:rs1Ci31 mE'lr{)pe'1!5? Can she f,orm the ijlaCE!!i Ihil~ open up flot a$~emisl lofu. ~t O!iSWLe fr~mel'lts of run~d a 1\01 Wired ~,n,vmJI"1Ilf1~flt5< SUSl}foof:!d In global I'lf'I'al;iortSlilpS iI Can she I'ooke sOI1l!!'thing r!!'<!1 anr:ilree oulI of whllt is hard 10 gl'~p aflld COnslralned b~ !hI! logic: of t.e(hnol~~ lind capital!

WkEIl HadiJd" summed up hQ{ and OIUf wortdl toge1!her .n '1983, stle hOO tOf1- Idellce Inlhe ~r of her pifnting 10 re-assemble the disparale piKes of Ol.!f rea l)' Into" new one. S~ IS poised to r~liz.e many of hI!;!f dream>, Bnd i'rtE!r ability "to do sa CMl'@'S1I great deal to the ttemei"lc'JoLlii freedom OOfl'ljj)\lters h@'ll@ gWen us not I'lnl~ m Imagrne ne'll'll wcrkioi but also to consmxt '!tllm1. cl;'en If 'rhIP I'I'lis!i th~ ~lsiooary paifHer of 'the' early '98.Ot we mus.t r,~cog:nize that th@ mbl~ I!'IIid!!flc,@ of 10m sigl'1llJMe en FlaPft af canvi!!S ha!; di~red ~tly

13

because ber \lisibf!'l ca." now t!!ke ~oooete ~hi!pe- ~ !)!!ir'lti.f!!I~ d~~~r iTItQ CQmp~rer dr.;rwings,llletr im~ginM wmld begiI'llSlO.appear.

In her re.t~,t,proI~ H~did geetr!s tQ 1:ioe1'n'!.Wing1 i)eyol'lCil laJ1dSi::ape into ~I Ii1@"W k~l'1d of s,pac~. It is atJe that is <ll onOO de!'lse and o.poen, dEfined a~d ind!!<fin~, rrealand vir1.l;J~1. I~ si1~1J@ i:l ~II Q1'I.1~ .;I prornis@. on~d1aJt 'Will IDOO~ be reati.zed. Vilhal: \i\!'O~ld O!\!V,)liS beyorId 8'9 d~le!!$, beyond ri-gl'1,l <ll'Igl~ a:n.d sl~ g~~ri~\ ijr':I!J I:M;yoru:I h event horiloo in which htim,;m aoLM~ies so~di{y ~Motom'l. rel'lli!ins for Z;;!h~, H~didkl ~: Mu;1 Hli~1'! presentkllJ~ in her IUsdlJllJ!i lines,

Ntm3

'I W:~I=etl~in..·M In ~neAgeQf ~~~~PIOO~', InJ.lltrmitlai!lfJm.: 1)'_ ~ ~j"fI ~~ )fOlk. s.:~I!ilI~, !!P- ,l ~i-'.ll, p, 2;a;

~ The l1li1 I!; thi! mOOi!fi1ls1 ~ par ~r... as~. k! an ~~I. 0pM ~oo ~aI ip<!!:.~ 1b:!itri"@!.,1lS from IM~ ~tliOOs be~ ~[D!llJ~mm~ ~ma~e' ~i!iiI PllbliC, oltid' deca"o!IlIoo.~: ~!he oofldJllo!lI blbd. oo~ ootj' lrif H~dJ~ ~I;. oo~ iiIiO ,Il'! .~);j l!;IiI!e!!i~ Imodemist:5, .... LOCiIJ IHimmell:!l1)8tL t di~~Ih1!' ~ir_ O!(!ije, roll In ~nm~ dl!tdl in CO!i'J{J~'b!IJij~Il.~; AKh!~II.W!I!W~, l~6).

3 CiIll~Il!eI!!im!,I1iie~~El'!!iW~iJa~~ 1Jf~, i~"CW!Ie'I

{M~~ lJnM!~~ of M~ !'I'm. '.mt PI ~ .~ !lii(J,. fTP]>!-~S.

SC~oon WI.~hllfle mIhar. 1 d De.=M\'tofl f9!)].

~ see ~ni:!t!l t;)~ ur4a" ~Ili:: FQlTti". iI'! Z«!{i ~ ~~r~s !NmYUI~:.~ !'t~, 19!1l}. p;p, ~2H7,

7 C~~~ 'i;'!th ~h!: ~1Jl~0I', 1 ~ OIl("('Ifl~ ~W1

14

Th,e Complete Buildi,ngs and Proiects

MA1EV.CIH .. :S TEKTOINIIIK

LoruIon, '1976-77

For m~ graduBt/Ot'I Pf()J~ frrom th@ Ardlllet:tlJFolJ ~uon" I IMllltefi to' ~.:('PIClrl! 'Itt@ 'mLJta.ti'on' fano, fQ( the programme requlremenlS c ' a hOoEI Ot1 me Hungerford Brdd~e O'i'ertoo i11<lf1leS The horteontsl 'b!.la,of}lk' coil' arms to and mol'kes ~ of

too aJl'P<lt1!ll'ltly randam cempositien c-f StJprema1i.lst torms to lfIeel

lhe dt'f1'1i100s of me progral'ilm~ illlrllfle si1ie

The brIDge Unks, the mnereoothcentury Side of the m'f!f 'oIIIiih thl? SoUth Dan . wtlld'l JS.dO!li"unaled ~ t I!rulalist forms of ill~95as al"l'S ~mp'e~_ Thl! strueni 2'5 klUfL>ilE!l'l1~"'1!1s s;y!tl!matlc~11y iu:llt@re to me l@ikmnik; tumtlig all COfiiooivab!e ()Or1L5!J~lrmmro 00"l1'li ~ibilllies for spare.

TIle prqeu nas particular rE&ll1<1OC!! willi my liJl.I!rprojeds;

fl t, In thE! GI'8iJ<! UlOpiif shov.r al th~ Gu99!!f1h!!im [p_ a 1). kn lNhfch I war, able 10 'r ali'lI! Sl]m!! of thi!S1!! tekloorks In 'CQlI(IIieti! form, aoo second. ill the Habit.abte Bfldg,.e 'PJClJoo !P- '~3'5J. which ,ttmsidered _hI! po.5:Sib~itJ@! or il m~u.se dWiElopml'.f11 oo~r h Tharnes,

16

MUlS:EIJI,M OF

'HIE NINETI,ENTH ICENTURY

london, '19n-78

One' of my firSt idootdgi(al arid collji:!cluJo!Ii prefects. nn ioWlid11 §CIlJ1!Jltt ~o Mtablisll pfim:ipte5 fom

he rofe ihal ardiiteCtwi! stmlJll:I play n OIieS 31 ,tIii~ end of ItJI! rwentie-Ih c!!fitury.1 W'a<:'i pal'baJ'arily n1e'festea In e probkm~ of ~[$torlCa1 ;}OO rnllUr<l~ ((lflt~j!l.

n1!! archetype o.ftl;.e Illnet~l'lIh· Ci!nl.iJry rnlJ:5euFl'l 'was thu::!;,,~plCU!d In t1ND ways: Il1,oughlilie ~Iaborallon oJ (he preme ~I 5CefI'Hfo oT the' melroPD1ltan Ioca,tlon, i!nd'lhroy.gh Ih€<Glsp!ay ala symbohc sensitivity ... iii aspect Ihil'l oppeari!d to bi1' OIb!tlm in 11'110' wcr Qr ine ronte;o:tualf~ ~hltecl$ at O'Ia1 !ilrne.

DUT'CH PARUAMENT EXTEINIS!ION

The Hagl,.'l!, )97&-19

rile ()!f~ ((}F ~l'l Ann'l,iI1(i!\I.l't!~. Z'.ri1il'Holdi:( _I("~ ~,~

Sittmmd wolhlll a rEttangLilar '{ortl'e$s' In '1''Ie cenlm of' th~ Hague, the pcrlltoidili)l" dllmf1Cl bral'1che-s of lihe l:iutch partlam€'nt and govemm~t were hOlJSed in D SllJgfe compti?li:c.trred ~h.e ll~nnE'noof .. To s;epi!tate !I-.ese two politically OJ:Iposr~ bfilm:hilS. i:l triill1Qular S1IE was DCqUIf€!rllf1 i\llfow for an e?:pan~ af partlameroUllj' actomm:ada'!loo ThE Pfogr~mme Ihfl'lc,fqrll' Inlj'oJ~ed woli"ng 'MIni 1'1 e~lstAng ~tl'\lcl.l.Jte~ whiki !TIilking th~

parlii!imem spatI'alry ill,lloncrnou:s Thill was i1d1ti!:'IIf;l~ b~ ~reatiflg iI gap In th~ 81rmenhohi1M: IS acclJpied b~ ·two slabs: 01, ,oo!I'1.Of1tal eleme:l1t - il g:la~bOOl:; podfum tl'i~t oont .. lll:5 II vallely off.I1fICblo~ aoo dloill iK5 as, ill (O'I€rt'D 1Qfl,J11l for poiillcal aclivityilnd.,) small sk)'S(~per of oval rooms. TI'it! lwo S1ruCltrl'~ are unlftOO1 by an as:semDly s:pace UliJl brldg@5mQ q,f'n~rill public. ~FLdI ~tnmBnt arT&ols.,ilnd an ~m~lollOly nqlnil19 throogh m~slab all= dn::ul<!~oo

l7

IRI'SH PRIME MlllNillSTER'S RES,IDENCE

For my fTr5~ mliJOl project. II fU!W residence and Wlte1uI'lcUon room wrtnelllSh Pnmlit Mml5rer.ihe objectivl! was 10 c;re<It~i!w@igh!- 1es:5I1ess. freedom framllie sre~ of publirlifl! Both cLlIf.djng:s, !hough ooi'loocted ~by a road ami W;ilkWa!l •. needea to retain their prPl'aq'. Placed mtt" n 'me ~~15tlng walled golJden. the nlW>! gllJsst-l'loose is~r:lQd frOiT! the Pflme m1nl~'li residel'l'Ce by d'lil! main fl!CBplinn fri!:lfIl&. Thl! t;lllest-tiOLl5e rooms are lix:aloo

iI ound its Jj@nm@1 • ilpilrt from thli! JIeOOplton block and mast!!!' ~11e, "",tutti "fIoat" O'\IW ,thle q<!rd!?i'I.

__ '

.1.rr ... 7.Pl~rol'l al~h~ Il2!l[an cOi'ilSiI.!ra~e' • 38 EilInrI Place pt'O'llid'ed d1.e main ~ratJ,ail for our fl!llCWatiO!"l of 1111 ~t l'Url'1<lf-ti:'le-arm.:lrymwti

~ on .~ §t@fil€!, ~iIlMVaahE!d WEE, il'! aelgr~.T'h!! aP<lrtmerlll~ rnruil.Jrl8d an three floors, V1ihich we

~ OOll(l!ptuslly as nlrireE! ""1«11 zcnes, Ow In~M!ntlol'l m ~ SI)ilteS was..mendM ro tnMd1! <l c~il1 nl!Wn~5iS, whicli1 _ 3rnl€'l.'?d by 1nltOOLICJI'I9 ~~~~~ydh ~~ ~il}:: and st(ln~ Of!

ground ~r.da~ flOOf5 •. ~.s well .s !Jy 11\Seron9' {l f!1l'W ~~r ["Case fn th~ .-..obI' ~I'ld d[!\IMI!J.1'oOQ!I'I ~rell to

ClC'@;'! tIlE publIC domain up IlilOth~ ~~IM4.

IPAIRC DE LAVlllIJE,nl:

Ir<ill1~ than hangirnJ.. icg~l:her, lh~ p~fu~on II~ celligra,phy on itIe land, \I'lII"I1dl! Il!O dlc~ by rnech:iinlca~ ~!e<ms tOOl ar'eat OrKl1'OOntroll!!'d thy hIJITlan5) and ll'illlOOrn (by nililure). Picnic are.aS, r~Hood rf'-Stilurarlls a!'lci InJorll'lla11on k.iosks OJbl't wjghin

'lhe'JI' own ga!a~ Ii'! COh!!'ast to a long 'mmodIro~ 'p/ .. m~tiilry

suip' _ Am[()pM.iIh!~o a pr()Joct coo(@iW,d·few·tl'lol!fullmll, tiler€!

Is-a "di5!:a'.'Bry garden', lArhidl {Q'I]d~ ~II Uleop.a!'k 's fY~lgf1~ <l!'ld lili'ldscap,eS<.

WiJr a (CmpelJlkm 10 deSign 'the' plan ami, @I~imts of aperk 1ot:<IIl€d outs:lOil' CM~r~II';O!rtS·'s· m(l~it 'o'!5ltNi ~/~" and devot~d W s,c::ill<lw~. Wh'! ~~:amd no~tlng pi~~ {Mt \IVOuld mO'olE! aeress ths m's nat terl<lfrl! "'1M g~n p~rea!J~ in iI n~kllO:XITI

11 flEW t'l'P~ of g<lHIBn, ~oo.ed

19

THE IP'EAK

Hong K009. 1982--83

A Suplem<1il~ g~ogy - m;r~1ia15 dlat are impilaed verticall¥ lJnti tlOrllWfitally - Ch,l!<lcteriIeS this: dirt· lop [~ lof'li~ loaned above I.he a:mgl!Sl.t!id city, Th~ arcf1it'BcWre cuts Ihrough lr!3diliO'lli!l plindples and n:'OOIlitltule!i !I'I!W.' oCl'1ie:;;, derae~ nalureand ~es.islSdewo~ii'ig 11.

Uk~I11~ mountam, 1t1~ building is, suatififfl. willi ffiId! Ii;lyef d~flning a 'runction:d'le lrst ands(!cond levels COI'I'ta[1'I ,apanmems. 'the-third layeroil , 3-metre-.I'!lIgh void. suspended between lJ1e ~e<Ol'Id a;i'OCIli'le pen~ ~tQr~ - 'Fealttlres the dub. The VQ.lti lis ~,]~"dsc:~pe \i'IIi,thiil'l

which ru:l'lCllo!"l~ - ~et1C!15e plilt "Cfms, sootk bar, libra!)' - are slJspended lib! pl<lll@ts. The tipper'Slril'ta cOlliain poel'uholdse apartmefl1s_

Offeting ~F1d s.yrnoolizlng mit Illir!ll"l~C'I~ of iM@ nigl'll'il"l!. ltil! PNK"5 ~ams ;I_1'II!:i voids are a ~'enUe sei~ml~ shir1 00 an immO'l"i'lbre miIM,

20

'''}t:iI9f!l ~~lIielf~~l

fUiWOI'I.D If89 ".,$":11.' 1983

ThIs; pair!~rlIg roprewf'ltstM wlm!l1i1l'mn uf a ~"',fll'l~r ~rllitiOf1 ~I'no O!rd1Ltee,tul~'~ Ilnd'larl.edlerrll'Ories that began with my l,iVOEfI:. ss ,a SWd~II't; .. t Loneden's tl.rd'!,~urlll ~t!lOI'l, TeclvlOlogy'sra,p;ld d~opmenl arM;! our e'IItr~d];81'l911119 lik! Sty1~i crea~d a rUi'I!:I<!nten~0I1Iy new a!'l(f

~il~rati~g blldrlIOP for but1l:iing, anti In this new world 'tXmtexll feU

.... o,e mun re.jl'l\l'eSu!Ja~ tlle ~d

.. nd iJFitllSted expefili'lllerns of modernism - norte Ii!'Sll'Ired them but to 1J1'I'I.f!!111'1.i'\1V fleld~ of ill!Jildil'll~. The pairnll'lq cDll'!pres.m and ~i\d:5 pmJ~ I hacJ carnsd aut OVE'I" th~ 'last se'\l\'nye~JS,

~~i5 to i'NOip,tw-e London's

!roi !ilmoos 5qiJiIre COi'\'tltl1,j_~ kllI1.s lie hope IJ'Ial oLltda'teti

ng restraints, might be

0000. Wl!' IlIl!5i1!ml!d a ~1 that cel!!brat@d tit@

_ :namlc po5sibtliti@'S I:) . th~ urban ~ap!! by ~rel'ldlng the fMJblk

~ m Inlo IjJrt:I(essiooill aHK;Il':!., ~ pilsilll'.gfCltW'aJei tile fFCiritle.

· ... fflllfe: modem ar'Chite;:wJce can

ron i'lbule (0 me quali!y of cl\y Iff-. A p\!-bf c podlum, slIalls ofoificl!$ and roWiIi5 are ilie ~Mral cha.racterlsua or ih!! buitdirq;, gl3n~h the toWElrs... V!.ihL(h are to~ by ~n!ihOl.lW5, ,ar,e M'te1F,.f\e<ifllobbies. A 'shopping tcinCOlJtSe peets up,

gently curving arooll'!d tne' ~ile's perimeter and erldosrng ;J I1E!W public dOiTIaiifi as It wll'llls up to tne rooF. Wlucll rt'al\.!JE!s a p\!blk terrace that O'vffiooh ths mire of cars bmw. N.oll!l'~.wntilgeo-point moves aroond the square, !he lOWet':S ~r 1.0 rnL!t.,~~ from sha:rcl~lhat pef!etrcate till! squ~Je's surrace roto a single ~.olid m:;m.,

25

28

HAILKIN PLACE

Thl~ Sl,\Jdy OOrlSfdt;!'J~ london <Ii1 varlolJs leveJs. from small hOljSjng sites toO Ij!rg~-r urban 5dJffilei We erlilisage <I roor5UI;p€ [right]' that fclill:eS to ijw sty <lnd its immediollte urban COllditiol'l- somE roofs aJ>i~' ha' tJble. others I10t, (thIS Idea aMjc!paG:es our concept for La fenice Ip. 140]). In a lmetropolis \I'I!h~I'~ land is M;arCI! and planning 'fllSlnwolY!i am SQ"'8r~, ttl!!!;!! '~,;iled sili!!5 <Ire: considere.tl sites In ll1'iem:selW'$, 'M!h spaces di'olided v.ertkall'l' Into Lnrloor il11l;! outdoor m.1es. In '!h~ ID!l!<lrio of li-Salk:ln Place. Ill!! pentr.olJ!le·s spaces af ~rll:fwi'hed betweefllhe e'tislft19 and tn.e !lew' 1'0011.

ME'IUBURY COU'"

Thti oolgn aimed 10 ~ lill~ rigid box ooras of a !'iTIII11 filii IfII a pes '\ill'ail~ pUf1)OSe·bulll: fla Two CIJNed glom wafls, 'Nei'e ruetdied across 'the e...ost.1f\g ap~lflmeflt, octaslon~U~ ll'II'eJ'llIppjl'lg, to !:,!e2I~ a gefle~OlJsJy fllol!id 5jlaw aroo!ld ·;t(e Cii'l'Itral Ilgm well. hitrll"wre is on lJacks or ~ to allow spatl~1 and runaicmal flel'll'bilrty In me 1ivi.l'II!I'ilrNs.

f[_NlS'A,ND CUR7AINS

n Triennafe. 1985

fl5 e1d1~llm'Dn 'gM us 'd1~ COQQI1l,Jnlty tX} (Jl1at.~' a modsen !fast to li"ie Vict.ori~n !'lotion 01 3.. whkh $0 orten dnar,acterimd 1i>rioo of llie period. OUF

!! Inserts at plastic 5trudurE'

'tJ n il pfe-<existlflg space. Io:!ende<l !:Ie ~ rom aOO\'e, the rtucl\Jr'e's pfan e-rnbi'i!(1!S mE! sp<lC!!

I means of its ~'(lu5iofi - t1f1~ ~I:! effEct of th~ ent:losure e<!'tm b~ tile VictmianS' IOLIJtain~ iIOdleriiS

,tim. 1985

~~~I

rile 11l5!<iIl<ibfQt'11~ a flB;gmenl, Clif thE! iIlIIe.l'S qJhat would r,~<Id1 'Fl'1iliooJ'l in 't~1! Camcar1 Ftoacl proj!!(~ [p, 30], tta m

e osaka Folly [p. 50) servedl lis <! leSt for deSl'go tpn [l(:lpiesla.ter employ!!d aline Vilra Fire SliIlrQn ~iJ. 621. 5e'eking new war.; to aroculate space wili'lin atcoflilined Q:Wlt~)(1:, Wi!! U'>~d (h.Jr'\Ied wa.lls to W~!p Of bend 5pOlCle Qlke 1ihe MeIb1.Jry 'C.OIJfi\. pr(lject [ofJJXI$ileD and W10p~. ~o m~rk

!he entra:rw~.

30

Ttlis Inlllmallomi Styl~ residellc~ pr(O'.'id~lh@ backdrop klfW fi~ Ii'ilaTl.!f'Ja' dlwtilll 'of mv '$U'prefIl.i!'liil geot.oJlil'". MI :s:>:bmsion of my e):pIOtatln~ at ~9' EatoTl F'l'a!:e [p_ H1J. '!he etI!leI'l'l'b1e il"!dlJ4ed 8ftill' rUfll'1~tur(! [p_ 170], w11ich dlill not acL <1'5. 5Cl;lp~1.iJ<l1 cbj&ts;n <I nl!Llual CJ:in~II'1et; rat1'@,Iti(!ID:ua.Jarge jjeoe~ (tei3<[~ II d~n~lIT1l( 5pd~ of '~helr own. Pivoting. sliding arK! $'Wi'i/@'3llng, 01 ~tor<lgc wall"hJMer anilin~te<I me ~p.a.cE! ~l,Iithdle i3cru,;] phy5'iCa1 ~l'ItsoFi~~s

and ,ahif'l'fl5.

HIAMBURG IDQC,K.LANDS

DIJnf'lQ !he lale .~ 93{)s tiler!! 'o\I'll5 lirem~ lliter~ in reylt;)1 _-r1g wat~4irontarea5ln niJmelOUS dUe! IfI Europe and AmerJCiI. As: part of \1NO work$tl·~ se-t up in Hamburg t'!:l explor~ thB'~lble I'IH.JSe".5 oJ

t.h se diwkts. ''''f! .... 'eft ~~ to consld'er ways 11'1 \!\INch the' my's ilisklffc oM ~rboor area, parll:wlart}! the 'Io~mer WilJfhouse dlml(\

or SpelChers~.:ac!t could be masl@i plailPi!d to r~enerale ·lt1e <!fleal and aC:W!1irnOO~M: a wld~ r~ngi1 ,OJ ml:lleauses..

ThE! apeni\e5S and larrgt:!~c:al~ [) !hE' harbour frQn:t, ~wellas,U.s fritegralioo Into the ow cel'l(l'e, r,~i«!d a: I'IL1rnOOf of int:eJ~stif19 problem~'tha~ we ~~

In io'arious ways in mi? i"Iaff!l{lStJast.e D-eli'!!lopmellT ~p 52J aF!d In Col09~'s Rhr.lnhafen !p . .sal, sy~k1l"1g Ilhe "1yj~ urban {OO1e;.:llnklih@ t1l111~hotlrto caprt.a~ M fue spa<.eS pa-cular

IQ It - ~ openness:. ev@ril~ttt wa, . -we ~iJgIh1 new' g!!(JfllelJles and Lanes fQf" redayel4pfnMt tnJt !MJlJ!d rreffiillllci 011'" a l"1e'1'Htyle ot ulbm 1M.T1A] but aoentJfl'I'I' n~ d"l'Iamlt ..... ilrun lM d\Y'sfamlc.

NIW 'Y;O'RK, MANH"TTAN:

A .NEW ,CA1UG:U.'HY ,0,' IPLAN

Rela 119 ro il !li'Oposal for the fecof'l5trutticn of -<ll'1ot-eI,lhrl> sk.li!tmoull.lnes po$ibirilie5 ;;md varialioi'ls.lorreooinlng 'hotel' al'\Cl ·metroix'llI~rt IlIIIDgr' as a spffiflC ~J1es of con~lled 'fXpiaSKl'J'lS The iOO1d"It of dePilrbJ~ ~s COtbUSler'~ Viii€' Radr@U!>efor Ma.l\hattarr, ....mch 1 ~Imfund"me!ll;;t III misjUdges New 'l(od:r~, urban mI'KlJIiOn5. SecilLlS!l Malf'lhattarlls .. muL~layered citY, Inrer15ifI~ by Its urba.odeIl\SI'1.)I'. b!JllunteNet'lliOIl5 should 00 wMloered to D!liike wnd!lI'ls~ exploslO'li!!;, Wlwrea~ C.orbt.lsiw'~ \li$iol'l was- to dissol\l!e the Ci [y, only to fell1ace it wi h iii cafJ;let or blilna rnedemlsn, I J.ielIQ'o'E! It Is p¢S$Ible

to s.usTall'1lhe Irufns1ly ol1.h1il met~ wllhoot ,(lfOOIl'llrJ t~

grid Ihal hddS It t.og1!thll'r.

Berlin, 1986

34

natroWsflB {' 7 x 16, r:i1l!lrnsl g~,\il! rise- '0 CMJt d~ n of a ('ompr\!fis.ed

'sanrlwl~Il' fI] thalWlflprised

asen~ oflP.1afl -. spa~amJ USE!'$,

. il@S (j~ U,e

plan, vr.tl.kh esUilb: es h

~rii!io,,'l of (irrul,tJan ilnfl mov.emern r~om ,1. off.ce s~ace$

VlJI'1lG<r!ly,.lfie .' ch of ~a(t!~

drfl~emla~!l'5o be\w Il'Ie groond-

floor plan for 'IIiI!' pul:I 'eMr:y-and the ~tlIeverndi bl1!Jd[OO~'_'above, w1tidi OOU&eS offKE~ a ,d a dauble-

~iligl'l'l of Ike a1-too ~P' - . ~ l([lbby and' !'!nlr.li1(l!! ilrl! ~alS@dl ooli@; tha

'T~·antJ ~<!d~ed b)' l~ ~rllp" ~beralirlg Iile plilnitl)m ' eground. 11 nOO 101he Russian 'Sup 'mali5ts. 1m! ~.truCUJffi ilDoY1! is P~r. aWay r'rnrrl a r'ltIW bad:. W1IU, ~ nod jh!;! ~~p~bolj\j! tnj~ IOiII'lP rl!!llE!al 'tI'lB

ffl31n eflttaoce.

UtI! plan 1$ g,@fI'~ty bowod .mod

n;O'o'eS Q\_tt t'Oil'lta~ds tt\e c.o~~ .. r. ... rl'll!J:S t~ floor arearead'l(!S.~ fflal!I1TI1JffI at me lop ~rll:l crt- a d~nam~ lh~~ n~!~~ Ihe.,. _I oflf,ce,.Dl'c!ck te:j)eIiUG'1 1M 1cr\9 5treet etevalJCrl ha$ a t~rl'p:aiieI'U' 'Alrila(@-<lsuuc!lJra1mTm alumlni:um tlXUlJ§lon~ s;[ . ffi frQfflld1~ top -I:11<1I:!Jof

IlIum;f\ilI~!:I SiJ~ be I1rQugh wi'lich ~he ltiterlor;.4 ;!Iclilril!eS ~n be ce'tecled-

36

• '!;oat rJIII'1

~~~ ~~I"~Dde~~

IRA HOU.SIING

"" - - . -

~igltl frorn1f1e ~glnnl ng ~

had 10 ,oofront lWO turidarooni:al ISSU@5~ tl'1e' taA :olf-'ltegy of il9fl1l ~d rejl'air anti HW! tlgnt blJlfdif\g requlallcll5 for ~11'IOIWng, whim COfliT'3dict ~ OJX'n· P~I"I fayo\! ~ I adaIUO!TtO' tl~ CCll!ilralnt5 W61ftl the WffOtlndrng tlUildinogi!\, \i\ltikl'l rePfo!!5Mt~d

CI ""'lda' r~fIge of diffefliint l)!P~ and p!>riods, so de.S!lf'[~ g-ulderll'liBS ftlpulallnog Ih1l't nfM/ developmBllt!; In lhe ;rrea .rJtI.iSl. Centaln an awr;,;rge or hve ~tor~. a seamless Inset iOn Into this NI'~lic ,~tlliUt

would ha~e been VlnlJ.!Il~y rm~Ji!,

We therefol~ IlfIterpremd m£ 'rve-S!orey p.!alf'll'lll1g restrnh:tlOO

by crea In9 a tOl'lg three-~tQl"~ bb:k dlal tt:l/mlnOlmd in an eigln • storey t01Jire1" al lfu~ rorner, ThE> 1000QIiII b/oo:;k's Jowerlr~

coolilj:j'l arrnme.dall!lremls~$ will'1 sta;f1(i'ardfm:l dwafJlrrgs olbcne;

OIl top IS a mo' f,Jllm.:n wdh a ~hltdl'i!1l'5 P!a~wound Ibe SCIllpte.d lO'INer. dad in ilnOdtl1!'d shi!!!t metal, oon,t<lins Ilite(1 \Wdgl!'.5h!!peci lotls ol'leaclifioor

4()

41

AZABU-,JYUBAN

foK),o.15186

Dfa.willlQl 01"1 tbe ~n(f!~ of th~ Ky' Damm proj~ in 1 9'ao (p .. :NL We r@ i<!ed UlI1' gI@ilt ootEnJ:l~1 foc r,el'eiil~'ng5pa . Infokyo-iliad@ RIlI'1I11Il' i-rrl DIY - m~l :slwli are beyg'lg Hill boulldarle5 or :spa()f. and many bl.!ild[n.g15ionl~ 1!l(T£'1I~ ltie City'~' liII1ng con'ilB.~tion.

S~r:ir1l;j into the IaI'ld$Ci'lP~ <lhd ptNdn.g tn~ e~rU1, ~ b!J~di"g ~Jo:iilgg!'rll! til, the flfes:5\l1r€ of It!;

42

narrow sill~ in.t UlI'i)'c.n of random buIldings near "It!@ Roppon~ distrte:l The pr4s.trm~ gl~~ Slludurl! IS COFl'u:m,·ssed bc~~ a tall mE!tal ",."..11 ,mel a F@infmC'f!d mnD!!'tl!! w:all puncb.r.rM b~ ~~.Jik~ wrndlliM. Sll'tJ.l!l"e!FII Ih!> wal~ ~te t'IW ClJi!'I3.111 ~Ib - one of blue Glass, 1he alh j CINt-tnOlt llitaul"n$li'ig to lI1e (@rfB(~S paril~t Wdll!l, Inside. 11le full Impact of the "ete~ $lace IS Imm~Bwlyaopa~it in ~e lI1ree~torey @nltodln~1! !i'"Ma!_ Aw~1 M.iiIIWiIf 1'IJln!: from the, IMIdirig's hea rt ~Ll ~oo way UfJ to lI1e iupl ~(I;plodln.s inlO dram~t1t ba"1i:oi"lile~

ml~.usa project In a tWr:I,r!nlialarea is ~raloo 11'1 I?SP~ to ~bLl-l\'UWfl ;reI. bui the COl"Ia!pi here Is :"ll-. (ompO:ied as a senm of

- eCeml!'l1t~ that ijr@ If1I.e<rllXked SiDlfdllrl19 mmiOO of ~taars ,and :.'.orm!;, It I~ a btilldlng in IM'lktr ..J'F ~ bKomrt:Slh~ WJla, I;!f~r m p-r~n!;,tM v!Olll!! 00\, as at

,lwbt.J.J~lJba_n The ci!nlJ~ce,ilf th~ design is oil delit:ale elev.alr!d gldS'IJ p;wIlion, open en lhree. ~ th"l nOVii!f5. il~ open grmJr1Il:i. t.b"~ o'f !he b\rlldlng ~ below !:h4! cwvlng 'IltcUl'ld IfDor. y.\I;1,h 15 ~llM bad;. rrom ttre ed~es and ho~ ,;:; l~'1 glass walilhat loiNS Ii.gtlt lnto tnoe lo\'!Ier ~, WInD~ gf'n~ proportiOf'lS milike Ihem flex blL" [or ret.\lll and cffk:e ;J;C.tiL ... ltjl!!5

In wehr ~ d@!'Ise'aty, Ilgt'rl IIml ilk ;u·e \l'i'llu~bt@ comrrl(l([ltil!~ Wem~l r,e~~s@ Ih.e-*I fip,aceS, from theu CQns<trided SIle!j o'l!l'Id"bflMlIie Ilf,ltrt ~Ild alir into Ihlr! uroon coo.d!lfof!,

43

WESI HOLLYWOOiD CIVile (ENTiRE

ThIME! We1'~' SiIl~li!riil ~nter~1mg cr.alleng8s In ti'w!· brief for tNs deSlgl'l, Th~lirst WOlS t~ ~lalivlll~ young' ana progr~ive mun1tipality lhiil soughl to make il5 mark

will'lio the I)l!td'lwork of WI' Angeles's complex wbiln 'layout The 5e(ond ~o,\as the iirea'~ ferlJl~ cr~iilive resOUN:es: west t-Iollywood nacs'

one 0'1 tnre t1ig~l coru:Wltraiiol'lS

of ill1iE'oor ,it'll:! graphi~ de5JgFl~1"!i

III lhe country. afolCl, symbolized b~ Cesar Mli's 'Slue Whale'. ene of the city's most l'l!II;:ogrlll~ble ar~nrt~crural

liiMl'marb; Iile'~ f:OI'lile dille Ci~nu~ WOI) adJ¥ilrrt to It.

Thf! .n!lati~r.y col'lrext·il'€@' envirol'lfl'l@ntbrought.ilOOUlM@

of my ,eathest ,a:plombOi'iS or die build'il'l!} as landscape. while tnt! area's I1at rert,aln allowed us lei C'Dl'l:5ldE!f 1:'h!l SIll! 85 ij g~@'Ifl~ tojXIography, ,an ~pp:rwd1 fOJ'~~t{~d bf Pl\oj~ IJk~

La \l'llleth!! [p, Hi]. QFI fllis, !.II ban ge:omemc ~nv.a5, oo!-ect:s flo.\lt aoo In~erac. In a Wily that is only possible in wide-open spa~

1988

rtHDA SPOR,IS CENTRE

IS eotnptex ~[ioIiIred' us to 0, rodlerthall (Ompress. ThE!' structure therefore

comprises Ihr,ee mal., elernems-

a podium. c:onreN-oo a~ iI susplffid!!d I)iIrt !:hat I)Tov.ides O!~ to tnil S'1a<fil.lm ,and "'Iewing platforms; a n@wgrour.diplan!!, which ~MiS fmm meet ~I arm slips unaeofflfliitFI Ute podium; arvJ !tie stadaim, whl(h rises oUl Oof the siliftlng groulld planU!'ld por;dlum .am:jl ,permits tl'arfO\ls se;)tlng iJrOmgements and ~.

The screamiflg redness ,or Ihlis palnting. ~omml~~!l fer an exnlbWon that e-xplOted f~cets of Iti@ metropahs, is m~ant to ~pr@5~ ,an exasper~don ~wfth the sprllwlftlg meSS Ilia:! is mOOoo On one

IlWeI, the l!'I~ll'lliIllJ si'wM london a~ a patd'lworof Vllfag:es. But la'th~r thin promoting an @l{1!!f1 dJstrlb\l1'ion of iJhis urban mesglng - whl(h has bsen @oolli'lng for (JYl'Mi~S - 1M! aJ1i101A~mi:!l

Ih~ dty OK pOI;,'tentr1c. ~re ~ number of metropoijlan ,~nltes condense a~ d[neref'l't focallXJln:t In this (ootext. thE! ,rro ~p[5t!rrI51"@ f1r~~ of london, wne-l~ f\e1N seltlemenlS and new Qenl~es llE!ed Ill) be in'ientetl1.o rt'pla.ce an e:d1iiLl5led ~ndi~rwOTM-d heart,

TOf to AleJtaf\dl!rpl!!~. the failing of d1e Wall offered i'II W jl!!mibmties ror !'egel'leratlorl. We {:(li'lSicwed bolh 1t1!! !!tt:panmn ~i"ld tn(!' H~pa lr of too ely. rangingfrOOI COfl'iOO~ 0'1

de", IllJImenl to 'Willl·zoo~ budding fJITlgramllil5-

The r~ of cur ."men was ilie AJe:Ii!N1d'erplilalz. llec<RJi5o<' il repl~i1I.s Oile of !he few" ;,Ue1llpb

'ore the collapSe of the Wa11 in 939, we wae lr:i11lled 10 spet!.lla!e

t .he oily's tuw.re M. pad or an '?filII sditif't'lie bet~n ti'le axes !J.f ~knl1glll-atl: to B.mflhof £'Ciri<l1s,tr.lS:W: aild Bra~i'lblJrg~

1090 be:rontll}'-pfcaJ J1il1et~nll1· cermJijP urbanlsm.;,w de(ld~ to le-ave It f ~ of hOlT!ogene0l.!5 (,ornmetol~1 d!!veIop~i'l't to, S'tllnd In po[gl1aJliWmlirilSl: to tile

w l1l~rabl", lini! dljl[ lJ!!Bd to demarcale ~ai1in'5 dillislOO. A ~r!B of diiigrarm [righti] ~hcws pos.5Ible dewlopm~llt of thE'$~ new!'y releOl~ I.!mi·~or es, CQ!fldor dIEe~,

~lOiect (rllO 'th~ landscape. And 11'1 the lo~r diagrams. !'Ie'ioJ QeOO'Ie'tlles 'Ir'li'labrt the former dead :tone. somellmes ~lihE!al' )'et:!:tighUy rut of sync ~yjlhlh!H~xlstill1g order.

In our llyllS the Wall :WIlE' could bet:ome a linear IJilrk. lMlele (IrK:!! a Hln(re~f' nbborul'l"i311 and nC'l;jo 2ene lay, we wookllay dowr1l1 ~tfip of par~, decoraled W1 th b~lldil'1gs

47

VI'CT'ORIIA errr AREAL

bfore th~ Wall carna dO!Nn. this ~Ite ep4!on:uzed :~r1iI''('S,"~"~te' as an urba Il iSland. lihe sire is 0fI a major a;l:is., nne> ~r Il:rstel'ldalll'lm. bv! OOJf1l)Ie«,l.~ !"d~ alld Vlrtlliilly Inil~. To OIeate·;a OOlldtng i!'l sueh 11 fortrfil(~d comexl 'iu.qQem<i th,u we shO!Ukf Inlerlsify ttl!! urban d~r1srty I1mizollt:.3lly. ThE' stte was U'ltJ5 d~cllflto ne'l .. a.ir~:s wllh tnretl dl!Sl!11d 2:IlrHlS that cont~jn Ihe mrlN: malor rUli1(UO[\~ 4cPPIng fllCj1j , es, offlC\lS and ~ hot@1.

Be<a~ 1 r.~ cr,u.c.iform :!lIM would

bE IlfW (O!:usaf ~ill majer

'thcrcM,J!ghfare.s -m~i5 ilnd liiIillmt'5 - a new shQPplng ~ f:ilerral:ed In coocentrlC reiatJon tJO '!he sClOpS OIl tne rflng~' of rh~ ~1tE!. TIlts Il'ncJoscd ~p;:lCli! i.5l]uc1f~ed alHl i~ ~us;mn~ed 9'!IW rurlhllf public oldlitl~.wtlldi jrKillJde mQI'e ~.

the holellobby. ilIlifIUltipliI~ lI~mbl:f nail, §l (Q)1If~H!nal cei111e and a Hl.3Uram. Above, ilf'l ~xI:@m:!ibl€' ~}'5tem 0' or Ice beam~e"dl, of ..... hkh might m~rnt1£n ,a drs'lll1ct mrporal@ IdEntity - is wpe;rmpo~ed ,on '~hI! .§hol'lplng f.rclmJe5 Or! to~ of d1i5fio~u <l bel"l~ 5lab ~af1llalrllnglhE!ihot~

'F

t'!:0flla-""'1l!S1~ ~~I'5fl'o'd~r"~"'~1

• m(1rrll

~

]

/

?

A NEW BARCELONA

19S9

The diagooal 0l!Xe5 of Cefdi!'!: nlnffieeruln<enJLury plan for the alis, ~pi3nSlioI'l15 !he ~lljiOlal eleil'!~~ fOr our reoctlfl5'lr\!ctIOn ollt. Our i'le'W unban geome'try is ~ on ~ stlbtlt!! twisting or t~ diagOMI ,11'110 stewed, interlocking fra;gmel'llS, As this field tf"iI\I'ef'SB urban [ontexts, It IS c;ollSl;antly mr~ei:l by an 'elastic corridor' IOf local ("(]IldiII0l15- ilTiilgular (village), gl'l'd'd~ ~hO~ing zOl1e~ Or stn1PS trailways ~l'id walerfroot) -lha,t triggers an urban re5pQl'i~e and ml.il~iplles ~~eel

at:~I~1 L1I ifl1!ach ne.gl'l.lxi'uthood-

50

UHhE! principles: emptoye<lln

Ihe corofe(,enoe areas <Ire

tdu~~rM and 3ep<irjJ~ by ~!'lable p,al'liitiom ... At gl'Ou!"td I~, tJl;ese' space~ call be g~mpsed 'thr'O<!Jgl'! snarply wt:s!lilS In Ihe'glass Roor. Uppt;i!r I~ ,ol1!ai!"l ~i1lool'l sp.aC!l5, $Waias. re5t8ufanl:S and pLlbll~ 03'r~_ OIlIi1!!' mof i!; 01 larlli;l~ped garden 'MtJ1 a

diagonal CUI: tI1iOltalloM IIqllt

<If'ld Vlllllillatioo lmcHlle I~ HOOls.

l"h€ C.f'r'I~ral fOlm Isa

- ~ COf1Iaif!~ - O!.lll or r'fIoiIlfer ~ are dramaticall:f ~ ~~whlch hou~lhll!

s cu'lMal ancj COilre!'WIC~

a li!b~rimh of cJO'.leI,~ kiilt -I;~I! IfII! plan of f.nrnP'Eii-

r:i,l

IHAFINS,TRASS,E IDEVILOP'MIENT

Hamburq, 1989

In the ~d n~lhour street !;onl<llnlng lt~di~IOI'lill fOl,It- i:'nd fiYlMu;lI1ey hol.i£leS were tvI/o. Sites - or ,r.;;tfler. 98p~- sloite-J:i Im r>@dwelopmfrJL The S'1lr~[ani:i its. row i1.cM..!ses ale part of a Sf!rlliiS 01 parallel ~triP5 - a small park, the I'liMl !>ll'@et "flelh!! ernba'ro:.rnent being the othilf eiemerlt5 -!hat step do'wn to 1I1@ Elbe_ OUf obl~ was to CI1~are ~nks running aercss Ih~ slrips and to 11arIDcmi 'me embankmenllnl.O a

rKr@<l~On ,1Ire'iI.

o~ SIll! f1> loc<lt€d OIl an a(u~ Crniner. A slab building leaas fm'".,.ard and twi~1:s bad. qp!ning to the ri'll\YfJrOIil . The !lertic~[ organilalto.n is" Si'{lUPJ'Ke ,er rommerdal ilnd lreslaentlallayers, with ~ puiJIi~ 5pilire 01'1 the first tiNO lelr'e!,s, SJldln~

pa .... .s 01' e~>:lh floor to OOC6fI'Ie lerraces. The ejf!'I'!Itlol'1

wall that Wl'<I",", ewer to

e ti'll! j:l@nthol1s~ roof. ~l'Id si:t~ WElS a :giIjJ in the :.i!;I!1'I'1h"omt.u1)i' 'block. We

.'l5foned iJ :>efies of ~~i:I aJS lhat, tiespite 'being ~ dtm!'oe ,;omeralicm"alJo'we(l for <l d'egrlN!

of' tra.n&parelWl. A.s o~ "h!Ii!19~~ tn~ birolding. gilps open al'ld Cilo.5~ betweel1 ahe Wuclure's intelSlk~, deiyin~ Ifn~ Iiatioo 01 a nat ta~de. Th~ gIDlLIl'ul floor cootiilos retail spa~es; ,r~l(jentidl unlit:!; afE! above. ,and some c:ort.l'I@C(hor.irontally ,~(l'OO'l'th@ sl.abs. Many a5(:!t'ct:; of !hiS project anbopate lr.e underl~11'I1] ~rimjp'lil"> ef the Art 0I!'!d1 Media CerUre m DUSSeldorf [p. 68],

53

ror ~'lJoW-fukl p~r~mm~ Of forrn~l eating and r'elai!i~d Ioo_n.glllg we wanted to a~al.l! an OW05IIID,!l 01 moods. TIm teii\Jlt Is t'!,ii,rQ. ~theli( af\'Cls'!]rallg@ vl¥l;ullds: f1r~ olr'ii;l l~e. !!'I$plred by lite seasooal k;e IbuIldlngs of Sapporo, the grou~IIoor' feaiture-s· cool greys m\1ltMaliz~ In gfa1l5 <100 rn~,ta~ti3l]res ale sharp fragmentS of 100; a rillsOOrlOClf ~I drills ~i!t'@ ~ n lPE!bll!('9 auQ$S the space, Above tliekecr.amben.vl'lir1s

ol JiUmaoo of fire, rel"!r:ietr€c! In :S~l'l!riny reds, oo~iaJlt ~e!IC\II!S and ~tJb@ral'n OI'angBli. Aspir,ai BOOIolE!' the bar t~rs throlllgh tllil g~01Jl'Id.,;llOGr ~~lIng. ~urlil':!g up to ~he undei'Sld~ of the UpPE!f-lEl{@lli\lJfTli! lik;~' ii fi~l:oi'll<Ida b~~HJ'!g !nrou:gh a pre"SWre ~~I. A plimm of biomonphk ~fi'tO a:t:Goml'OOdiul!!!i ~~Iiflg and loonging ~fld allrn...s ~J1, l!'Ihnrte CO!'lrl[ul'1Itiol'! Qi :sell~ngtliPe~ with movable trays and Plug·ilt soia backs,

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Our site iIIt the 1111:l!m~tiol"llll

ElIllQ in O$ak,,·wa1; located 00

illl OpPJ'I plMii at tOO JUllctkm of sevf'lal paths. We ~gJ'Ied ~ s@rles ·or OJIllpressed end fLJS~d €!iINll@1115 lOe:w;p.ar1J[:llflm~ Iatld~ and rerri!ct pecieSctnan mOij'ement. From il/ra/. two ~et1kall.y

IIl:druried plal"l~~ signal thl! folly

1.0 approachrng visitors, whlre !Up

c:losehot~ol"1lal pia_l'IfS defill€ Iile strudunts pertrru;.Lers;

and (male" swi!!'S of 'C;llIlYQJ1s' COI1IJ,a~ting willh the Hyi1l9 plai"lf!5, live ramps of ~()'fJ'l!i] sl11e 5T'eki'1 atong the g.rolJrld plOlr'l!e. The 1I1lE'~~,jIJIitdiOO5 uf tn@5@o dynaml~ i'lQn;l'Ort~1 ~rnd Io'eribl el'ernenu: oeale a nlji'il"!ilef of a:we5j whe~e ...mlOOi miIY ~B"

~~I·!»Al1 Pt.'~~ll!!lrJ

temporary refuge from tk-e ;,.tdLlOw ~-Jdse '0'1 Mn~in9 aMi siy'htseelng.

With i~ oom:Jted 8nd tlMsbFt!:l

walls.. w~ \lWf,e' i\llso abl(! to troat !he 0sa1Q prqJect a~" haU·SOilre 0:~Jmel1t'fOT the: VitrO' Fire' S'I~OI"l [p.1lli2l-

lormon, 1900

me Ideolohl.eSlgrlln.g' rtewfm,Jnl;illl'ls ro d'ewsate PlJbilC places is redlmdan Stloot 11'ie sqi:.Ja1e~

I 1$ dead Hopes" renovating fie existing ~uar~ should be aaandened.

We would fam!!'I see leicester Squa~l': as 11 publiC rool'l'l, hab~tabfe and subme.;rg~ bsneath the 5UrfOl<OO, a rw,~ri'lh~t be<l~ with Wt~ ~H'I' w~ WQi!,dd oot propose to Fililhe ~uale .... ~Ih b.!.lIldlngs, 01' sp<ru1:S of WillIe'!";

' .... e ~rd 'turn such strucUJr,f5, upsi<11! down an<isinl(. mem loto1lhe q o(tnd_ 'Solid and tr'ans,parenl SK':fSCI~Pffi s.lldng Irtto t~ earth

{c~ .. dd COllt1lill'1 IJetQmmooalmn.. and warer tCKJtd ascade dOW1'l Ilwsl!' Inverted can~om 1I!S a coofll'1Q m'fl.hililism for an o'oleM'Ort~d

"@af l!ridge~~nd p~geswould 'ra",er'S'e the ~I~.i!nd ~d§ of ~ "ew subteHaooao fabric, lo'\ItIije light ~IIS would remind th!!, 'I!r.ii!tQ.[ of the (I !o rami iii r fabric: Iilowrmg ebove,

6.1

V.liRA fiRE STATION

The DrQfeaoogan as awrnmiSslQi1 'to blJlJd a lire sta1kirl1n !he. nortl1-east ~lon of the VilU V1Wi 1u I'lrturl! f!lctQly (Ornpl~i'l, Ali; ~I as design bo\Jl'id'H1I lNlIIlls, a ~de 1il'nedl aMI other small el~eff~ '1l«a'11!i~ ·th~ SIt@ already CQI1I'.3)r!;f'd iI dl~rat~ i!~ra.y of large-~ E! f:ac;U:My bl.lil'd U\QI5, we decided ·100 con~l"Ilrat!!· ooll'ie si~1l' as, e zone W!U'1'''' ltils £rWustriaJ laru:bclJpe that strmched from tMte rna n gate to I fl! far E!nd of tile ~Ii', where ~he fil1l sta!!JOn W01JkI Sf,illld

111~ r~re statioi'll!; dBStgned ani1e ~e of 3ih:l~5~melJe-10I'1I!J ZflOO, which ,tsll11f 1:!!i!oor)1f:§ a n Oii'l~fu;ral 18nd5G~pe •. As, e.)llp3~ior!S (I'LdJr, cur sclliEme al~ for .. d~mlmic. p.>t:"cem to de~lap between the ~pa0?5. like. furniture In a large. room.

The des_igJl's prfuTtary ~il'!Itlire. is a senes of laji"!reci screening walk, between wl\lc:n SPfl(E!5 .are P\lI'Ioored .:mtl I'lll'i!lt iKmrding to the nal!Ol'l's runrnons. Tlie main

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63

plJl'IClIJre is Ihe movement or the flr-e ~iM.sr p$'~ndrCl.!r:lr 'to fhe Ihne of I:I;e w.\ll~al'ld 'the' ianllls.cape a_s, a ~ AsOi1J walb.across-ihe stfUdlJM, If 8 flW ri-U!' ef'lglnes.are ttl ' oonlnll fCiCU,'j. 01 thls lall1uscape. And as the lire ,engine's red 1ffl6;, ilppear 10 be WIll en on jhe ilwhall. sa ill'l! Ille nwals of ItlE' fireme" in'Siae 1!'ISc..nbed ~kH dlOl'eographic f'IO't:a'Url!'1, The ~de IRllldlng ~ Jr(9ll maliWl. ~wpet'!cllng the umml'l·cfal~FiI'l~s.. ~ 10· 1l'~1_ intI:! action at any moi"('llI!!l'i!l

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65

FQIi'tl'!ie red~~'l,of I[)lis<ietdorf'~ praminMt h~ol.Jr il'uQ lin el"It,erpr!se ZOI'le' (·ontalnil1l:j' ofrlC:e5 fo.r 31'1 ad\'~jl'l\l ~1'I!ty ",nO s\udKlS Into!!rsp!1~d Wlth,SI\o,ps, r,estaUl'ilrHS iJlld leiwre tacJli' es.

\W crea~ an, artirfh:iil!llandscop@ that fiK.ed Ill€! rorer and b~ame

an e;(tlNlsion of 'd1e waiter'S

aclMties and J1mcful.m. I'1lb land5(a~ is protm;t«ii.by i! go. m~IJ,e>-lang ·'MlII·likecbuJld1r!g 'Ihat mrltains th~ offIoes ;!Ind crocks oul tl'affl'n~.

From 'Ih~ I'I\i'@r an e'I'IOfl'nOU') ml!tallil; trtlil'lgl!! cuts inm tile site. pterOO 'Ihe wall to form ;m en1Jain.cf' ramp. The a<JJClnin~ ground! plilll~ cr!ld: OPefi to I~eal ~'Etlmil;iil

stlJf.lios to 1he rrorih, afld shlJps

in.d res(aW'antJ;, Bekm grotmd.

a waEI oHedmie<ll r;;gNil'·~ Is; romp;e~, so tt1~~ P!1irt of the

wall rtses a.Ilcwe groui"!d and

Clffi'~.s eroulW w O'~til' a 320-sea,t cinema.

TIll! wa:II'~ !ill'oI!£!t·'!iid~ h~ tiny Une<lf mcislol'l~ in 11:0 QOooete; CIfI tb~ ril;lerside, I~ a.reartirulati!illby I,Iaryill'Ql ,d!!phoJcan~1' on ~ 6oor. A 'gla!ZiNI 'Mqer' b\!dclili'lQ i ... a, i..agmemed serms of sli,ibs set perpeFKIic11lar toltil! s!J'e@IIIk'.e gr~ splinters ~hal ha~ bi'oken(r@{Ifrom ihe vtall.lNllRli! lhe slabs OOl'll'rfl!!',fg~'. a yold' IS (:,;II'I!'ed cut for 'CQl'lfer1e;lol! rlXlTm and [fxlllbltioi'1 ~H!\11~,

III mmlm~!tn ,glom; I»~ 'SIJrP''Oui1ded b)i a ramlly of ,culptoo ~~t and 11~ mangwM5:imctIJreS,lhe MtrallCe robby Is ilt·the lntet5il'C on Q U1e wall <!l'ld h! iiinger building, From heN!'ti1e W'eet O!nd

ril/erscape are ~iJO'Illy coonected

A ribbonli1:1l' gro1l'1d stair leads up 1'O"t,",e a:.lf'Ifelfei\Ce nxIt'Il5 IhrOIl-gh frlr. L.lrw:I€rhe'lI~ rn 11 ~a'I'Y§!ab :suspemjed 0l00\l'!.

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.... -- ' -' I....... !.- The IMaition for OUI mu>ic-vidoo piWilion was to, make a playful pI~~1l' In what was for me me most ch~nengll1g loc'aLion in thE! arty: ih@ gap betWE'~1l thri! ffiQiIlumQf1wl A· k.~rk and thB Korenbeu~ buildings In ml! Vismarkt distrkt. Lik~ il'!e 'moJ11~' hoLlS~~ ol New York~ Fire' Islarnl- clapboard OOl§E5 with hUI]i@ plate.gla55 windcwsfutillgltle OC.@lilfl, ¥Yf1rd"l at rught r(we<olilolty inwJOi"s-d'ie des~1'I [0( u.l~ p'3'111lioo p~~ <I W'lf'IitI,ow kllll~ world In whim lpi!-ople ean be S\een "'.O'!/rng amid video imagery. becomil'lg part of me perfOffTlillf'lre.

Tra~pecl ~~i'II tWi::!WilI!Ss~ one metre D,part are lli!oo which p.rotryoe irlta ttl!! g'la~@d em;iloslJre, Images ate lJ{ojected from th~ U"~r ~ Qnto the mld-deolo;, onto trimslucrmt pan~. s:t'I. int.Q tne' glazed fa~d~ !ina onro U1~ roli~-

72

\'l!1i!'1!pIN pIi~~~~ _ ~aJ frarn!!'>tOCi!7oY1

ground nrmh betJe.alJh, Illak@s a 10'. aj mOl\e~ and effort "0 produce ~arl viooo~i(jffi (i message and song. ool1he vidoos are jrn;!Jffltloot Oil Ule-lr own. W" waJlwd fllm· mJkeiS. perfoJm~~ and \I'lilea PJodlJCers IO~ astrlJClIm'l W11fl which they coulCd e1:pe(lment.

BOIEl, ,AND I.ESIDENIIA.L CO,MP1EX

~C~ Ifke conf l'e1'lCe ~ f~i.m'li'lts ami n, heailJ'l cl\lb. Wl"lfre

slab .spllls apiln.1t~ ~

OJ. $~Wrlded aoosc:tilploo in a \'ei'trcal courtyard'" At gl'OuFH;lleve'l ,j 'ClI.lBtorey beam Cllts across I Foe nre and ll'i:rolJgh the slab, pn:Mdin!:l "ipOCeamt ill :shopping ma!1 b£.low ~rtd, O'ffiiO!S a'00'ite. {)f1I1'1@ bwrI'S" 'fOurth Ibor, wilh1lJll1o!.l'5_r~hi!! g1Jlf, 1$ the nou!llQbhy. w~ ~~j(fe aceess IS \Ita iI cu(\o\ed ramp, that sWoop5 from one mrnE!'!'" of

thE! sil~, .aroundlhi.' sl"b anc !fltD tM t,'ertiral COllrWardi,

Abu Dhabi, 19'90

Uk-e ma:n,~ M!i'K.ilf'I dlies, Abu Dhabi Is org.mioted Of'll a ,gild. As a unffciriTI Sirooure the grid S~ as ~Ile baSIs a;galn~~ whtd"l ~al ,ardlll«!UFa "ii!VetIU" are placetl. F~ a hot@1 «lmp~ loc~ted on a primp 'iire kfllhe.at)!,Ceiltte" wefJlpped up tIlis. hoItlOnl.;!I •. nban grid 11') betome a \IeIl:it:a1 pian!!. a !ilabof IIp.ar!rnel'ltli and holel rwm~ lNit bK'Jm~ a ~~dfQP fer hot,;Mel.arl,OO

74

INTE1IZ:UM9'1

We W(!re~shid b~ Ii G'i1lTIi.ilfl

dmber m~l'liJfi3(JlJf,er mm!'illll!,all eJd1Ibi on stand l'O disp~ '~ir Pfoduct$ for thi.' biannuallntelZUm trade s.!1ov.'" The pl'imal}'iillMtlOi"l of oor deskpl was to (r,eate.a s.eparale Bl'lWanm~llt lrun u]!JJld be if:ql@n'r1I,ed ell ~rililer..lels, Wlth1"

iM bl'lck.d't,op of <! I~rge ~:n.dl !;teri:ll! trade show, we wanted TO Induce' 1.Jle 5BJlSI!' of <Ill insolal.oo landscape Wllh'n ,all @ndoY!d stn.irt'lm!. lillskle, ill cenllal patl1way, whiCh. 1Ik.e too trunk of a treoe. had branci'i!!s .hat ran off ,II., led to prodlJCt e:>IhitMlS

iI no .ambiem 5I.JtrO\jfidln~~,

i.).lslarge.sca.Il.!. painting contllll!eS :rtf' e:cpIoroilrtion of ... iE"'o\Ys in.to I!lndonl$ lJrban tharactli!f thaI: ~iIJ'I With the Grand Buildlrq;

~Cllp, 251 MelTQPOlis ~!l' 461 M'ld me fO!.iI'lla.!1lt Pml~ far "",I~W Square [p, {!11, Thl~ work ~l!Senu CI!!$ mo5t radical Sh8ke-UP ilol he mwwofii in bo'"

dra!}l'llrnmalie and pittaffal term::; IiII1l.hi n ii 5i1'11gl@ parntlng - aoo it ~hoL!ld 00 Jud9~ by mis radlc.lrness. We S1t,lI:ilioo plans !:lfdm opan $jlace5. fa,l. wad, water and air rOiJles ati(I!.IKmlll!1lh layout ~m1 .,eS;'!ruclwed the f!~urn pian, A$. tk-ebrush m01re~ OII'~f ~on.clio1't (lIOl'I'I @'Ie iM5'1, S1r,amjs con'lerge, s-tr~l;n and

(_Onltl'llJe - oot always in p.iMII@II.tl\'l<ir~me 0$1. These slrDk~ eut 11 !II!' sf-dio.n~1 i1eS' of ,lIr and a~!l81 fer wf1at we ~i!!'le C01JId be new iJl"N5 fbr bUJldings. for it is tile 'l€ry mtef5«tlon ohl'crtlt:al SU'YC:U.!res, to me 9roonch ... i"e~ pUbl~ actiJ;iiti5 woLlld bt;! ln~rt'llfl~! 11'1 Ihls I'IIl!W plan,

IHIE H_AGUEVmlllAS

1-I~gUtl' I-IQ~i'lg F>e:>"1iv~l! The Hailue, Hl5U

The srng~~.;famHy hou~ i~ a bui!dmg '!:yI;I~Iti~t (OI"!t1m~es, to be COllSlralnedi by «JrI~!ffitr(ln. Wf!! pr~nted tw-o deslgf'l.5 as Piirt or

a 'tI[?I[j' at i!!iyht~ma,.. 10 be loca,ted

In 01 suburb of The HaQiJB'. Th@ two Vllias, to ba cOfilstl'Llded or rIl\Inioo:ed coocret@,.,8bstril'Ct!he ~f'l'l!ei'llto!'l(!1 ~QI'I(tgur<JtlQl1 or dO«les'tiC sJJ.[lCeSIO oei3n~ u(l~d $atitll l!tlll:i s.QCia1 iru!l'Jactlons.

iI11e IJrst design-me '~ 1lousii!' -I~ farmed ~rmrllI gTOOTld.!le!l'el pcdium that IS ii"l!er~de¢l by two 'OO\!l:rns' lhal: @~8 most of tII\e residBnte. Tne 10l.i'I!$' beam fI5 rut Into the podium 1e'l81. <l 'negililM!' .space. Ula1 forms OJ ODufty.nIl. The upper ~~Ilf! is ·P05ltJ,ve". hO!.tslfilQ an open rlvJI"Ig and swc:ilo spare that IIoaIS albo~ the po<ji!Jfrl and CrtlMiBs 'lJ'Ie OOlJrtyard. The liloLlS[l is: thus 11 SI.J,PB~IiDnOrlwoop~ite ~I",ing cOfl!:litiof'lls,~rmr'O'>'ern.d and eXl~.

l11e 'spiral house' is e5Se1'ltf:a1l)' a

,",00 tllrough w!d1 a floor pl1J;tf! 'C'<'Olve'> from th~ ei'U.-al"10e le\lel

u'IJ thr~gh the living areas to an "'PIle1~evel S\Ud"IO, ,occilSh:mally patin!) thrcugh U~ exverior, Glil2!Ed f~old:es follO'o'{ dle !iocr's spiral. descllblng <I rotation thal is .1Jt.e<matety so1id.IoLM€d. tra-i'I$lucer'l~ and, 'in .. II~. transparent, lRe5;idual !ipare5 and gtap~ ~fl the 11'II!J!',F.>tkes of the exterior ,and Inromal5plral alfOi'd sUllJ)lisillg

'Ilews and channels, of oomrnl.lntcatim and Int~rOlcU{lFI,

79

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SoillfTlOn 11 Gugge'Jl'1lI1im MLJS~l.im. M~w York. Hl92

The OO5i9n for an exnlDtlicn an Russiom 'Supre~llSm and CMSln!Ctl'l'15m offJered 1M lopparttmil;,' to rnvlsit my ,s;tuoornl le~plora"IlM 'C1f lhe U1r~ dimenslon:al qua1lties of Ma1e\'lch's b!ktorlik: Ip- 16J. OLJIPmpQ~1 for mil! G1Jggen.helm show {~liIJr,ed 't>NQ lalg~le In~talla~oM oflfle rOiUJn TOINI!F and M<ll~'~ fek1onik. which bci1lH!rl9agoo il"l th8tf own m:!'5 with rlatlk Uoyd Wi'i~"'l'~ ~plralll[ijgkmTl .mel '!,I!,!11f~'!FI tum dlsturted by the 5paH~, f1l.r too

f[~-t time, M~tFvidn b;>ktonik

was ~brt~bl~~ "'isi'to~ hI;ld to PBM li1rOUijti it to 1~ !he LJP~.r 1~llerie~.

Our [j~F1lQl';hoe' ga~lffie!i iealtJf@S II'lh!r"-!IDTJOrlLS tha~ a(~I~ engage WItt'! 1 noe objects, 0tI dl5play For exa_m.ple. tl'le tOJ.ill'er aoo leklOJllk :set up tile Of,Jp05itiOlil OOM'eeiil Mal~".jdll·!s fred Square,D'nd T~tlEn<$ CQ,l'1Jl;'r ~f, ,FOr ~'Sp.x_e OOfltaifll!lgloQtI: fFOO'i '~oogiroal

Q, 10 e~hibllicil'l. cn~ or M8~li'kh's

SlItpemMist comp05i1JioFlS h1lt5 b~@ll eXli'iJd!l(l' [rom I"~ floor'_ ~n I.hl! Brar:!:. Il.oo!'l'lr whKh 's~ oIl~~~~! rrom !:he 1921 SJt:S .. 2Sl!l!l1ibdicm, pta!l'Ihngt> di5p1a~d QI'I P.e,~.x stands appear to cematerl8li;:lil aild

1l0000l ilbow m(! 1100[. This sense

,or \ILfei!)lltll!:~n8SS is er'lf.otIfit@rei:l ,~gain 1fI1h~ Gldb!! Room, in whid1 OOl'6l.i'uctlons hOll'l>glrng i'mill'! the oeiling gr.,itl~lekM',jl~ ~ whr~ orb U'\al erner.ges 'from the '!fool'

C.10 S!llI'l11

83

V_SION IFO,R MADiRID'

HistorfCllIJy, d'le gfOl>vtn O~ Matirid could be described as iI >YiXe!isiye biJmi~ oh~lls: the cirrufar

liieil le'>l~1 01'1'. the fI'~teeli'ltl'lCf!\'1tury grid and, irl tile t:v\teIl~elh Cetltul"Jl. tn~ Iln~,lIr dl!Wlopm~m I'IO'iN deiil1ed bya hiElhw~~ 11'1 Uti? fo:rm of an G!llfp/i.e. f,r.;tlT1ed In thI~ Wf51 bylne

!lio MamaIl_itl3. Ih~ dty ls oow growing m!! roy I:!,;Istw;ilAA. 5.uburbs af l1roi.lsing blocks have m!.lsl'1rOomed beyond 1:11@ M30 !;urgllw'''Y iUla are ,aboot ", engulf ~ ne.}rbv V1tl~g~

()unJblfftl~e~ to prE!-Wn:t 1M clIiy fromrnll~pgng rnrmfQrmfess~ rr SSI to 'h~ n nel.1!rltiorgilir\ize thi~

,i!lna rmlcsprelld ot dlN€!lo,pml!fll We proposed rCKJr spel:ific areas " redi!li!!~ iIDd reogeflErabOn. To Ihe sou!h, '!he iOfl11<f!r l"duwIlil raDII!: aroond ~hEl D~'s r<illwa)'~ could'~ InlrtSform~d nnm ~r...~ p.~rk~ ')rot! 1!!'jGHJI!@.lail'ld~pt3; I'IiI!\iV wmmf'rui!l d~k:lpmPnl c.o.Jlr:I bt1!

be Illtffisrfled by Illse-rt1r'1l9

I.Ilg~H'f~ ~'~~nd spaces in~o open poc:k,e1:5. "Il ~ rully. 'lh!~ remall'ilng 9G;Jl§ 111 shQuld be pr~1Iect

BILILIIE STRAUS.S HOTiEl

Th (oo1lE'd fer Ihil; aI1A'I[):l;el addition was ifllnrereslir.g one: oil half-timbered famlhOtliie iltIdslablE! Iha't the clients wamet! to aug m@n1 with B ch lle:n{lil'l9 new SifUClure that W«ild h~ a sculprural pn!SeJlCe. TIl!! baan of thE! d!!sfqr1 js a '~'. an ellipncal $pa~. that moolate!;, ~n the- old cuitdlng "ndl .. lie I1BW OJ'IE!. PlIrtl:r s.el ~ruo Il'1e fouooalioo.. 1I'1!! ~p~c~ can be-lJ!Seci for performances or e:d'ilbltions In tile tower al:loYe ,Iti~ rIWJy pivo

palm a ,e' three levet!; of rooms based em the ClOSS and ~laT. each of which

86

I' r
.. ' ... ~
.. ' w.
-'
I .-1=0 r
l -
I.., 1:
r\l1
~ 1'"'11 has J: rnrnplllwl!1' §l!Ir-ron:1;arJmti erwirOi'lmentiMlh hiJ.ll-lnfymllure aoo liulngs. AU1i1d molllf, ItJe'spiral, is ma1'eitl by thn~'O O'Iller spaces M they ccrul.ect b.id;: tQ me malo

iluildJ!'Ig. !~ B ~"!~'!l!! ,of SltOrlg local charac:~.e<. the ememble sets: up

~ sltikliMig rorwaslt, Ol'1le' that [$ lrI~end~ro eocoorage debate a rKI crealivily.

~ m.Jcwre: ~chle'l'~ boU1 nactnm, an<! openl'les.s IJy

'n9 d~ cuts of IlI]ht.liiini:l and

.~ ItJroll{l:h:a s:olid 'o'Olllme 'lfI<Il bCClJPI~'~ ~Dmpact .slt~. Th@s~ silarp n 1If~ open 1,0 !he sky, ill)!hhO\lV ~uIiI rM!1~f or the ~II, A ~~M'dl

pmm~l1~td~'~)I' up ~nIDlhe building. SCl!Jlp~urally ~r~ ~DIIlJI'Fle5 ()fti'le' $~nt(ture, ,arucu!aLed b~ differMt (QIOl,Jr:s orgral'li~, comprBS sp8(.e belween U"le;nc 'lin.e stll!CVUles ar~ m~.deftom (i~~t .. FI'ptijUi reinwr1ied 'om:l~te {o altow ir~gl.ll~11)f !<'h~ flat sklb~ to ~ fcrme<d~

Ul

=

=

87

RlHEIN'AU'HAIFEN RIEDE:V.EIIOPMENT

Cologne, 1992

T CI aIIlnW! mis j'OO'rlrn- ioolistrlar 201m to (cl,agJl!! _ IJ5eU 'thr~ dls:tlr'ld rOTIlllilI d~s - ~lPe7old, wedge and ~fOil- 1.0 cielifle aod adapt tM muttiPlJr~ ~ 1.0 iiS I'l2W09Im1!OlJ!i sUfl'm.lridll:'igs..

Thl! shapes. are mliS$i~;e. a-mbigOOIA -n,,' tn2lu~-'scal~ ~el'e bel.\'; - 11 bUIldings aFili land

'orms, Workm!;l togeUier. the sectlOO51t'Kiii1 <I mf1l!'flffit a f@',Hvnh illriigh dl!l'ISity of cultural, li!iruf'e". housing, IU1~ mmme~1 F~~IIJ~~, i!I:S ..wit a irKorpor.atit19 old btJlklJl'lg~ WJIh totIWtlec! uses ana new stl1JClul5-

The Irape!o!!.lal <lfil'il i!mbril~~5 till!

88

el'lltire oorbour bilsIr'I. with two qua.)'$kIe buiklil1~ 'hai mii\iilm tIIlatingfaclijlie5 ill'ul e meek· n c,emn'! fIJI: the rive~!. an~m~ to !hI! mrrth jOOiJd@~ 11 wn:fl!ranoe c@nilre. Be{W(!el'l th~ ;J'~~old and

wedge' arNsllJoif! Siandng cffic t01ol'llers... The wm:JgI~ S@(ilOJl ~&!I r

([lIS ir:cm ~11e b~I'l'k;HYf !:hoi: I!:Iv.er FIlUM fnto ~'he UNerring, COm1lectlilg the' rl'o'lll1mrnwi'tD IhE: SeJierins hOUSing qUiil'1I!r_ HOusill!J is orqaflizct! in loog IloiIl'-Otll.ll brocl$ an ~rlllS likE! thi;! former warehouses, 015 If H-wy ha-¥e' been II~ to allow uf'fIcibrul.KleC \iWWSOf the uver The .5pifallm!<:5 ~he MmelPllr~ wJ!n lin! ~llil~5td~, spiI.I1l1ling ~rt.of!hl! ~r9dr! road iihroogooul Lh~':!Ii1.!! nl!'l,V ltlJltural certl~ W~IE e<rt\!fSlr:med .as !GlU!lred J~ tltat wourd renett the wa,ter's mOvEment as 11110"""" by .and cnai'lges witlh the ~ons..

90

91

CARNUNIUM

-._

.~- ..........

92

~ gT 1.00 fuscinatlam of

ere l~e'JlUCJ~ Isms IS lIle WIly If) lIiIf1i[n tiJ~ r1!'lTIiill1!lllFr t 1Urniln nvil,,...lml\ I ;rv.e nmrqed Inttl ~h! r.1rnk"a.1l'I! ar;.:I SEIim ill tlr"" wl!t! "ilmrp In rhl!o~]r., ~\"e>WiIr'lIEtrlIh~ i3roh~~ IJr lhis (ul!~ Jlat P9~k tl:l bec:.ofl'liO .;mom!!r mal'l'I1L3Oe' &.ffi!l"l5ioo 01 tI"€ IaM.~ml· We took ~~~ frOm We I;IE(l/og~llc!lIlTlG~\5 iil111 [rom 1[If ii] l.t.II'MIl InL!!l'\I'enllOllS lIke- quartyltll:J,. n11!< UlJlldJr.gs Q g~IO!;lIr.a1 U'nl~, ~.1l1'1I~JlI1~d1IB., 1J~~'!."oort'aiId ~~-are II'!l*-TIF'SI rt~IM"'tsof iI tU!'Nml!U~eoa t"'e 1fI000ntar" ~M~ ~f urn .... ~" I!imiil~lly Inhibit thULSI'fOI.I1'Ii;! ItJlil qu,urV. rra!ijrmhlS Ii\iIt~.esial1 ,;rthd!Ol~ If! ,e,,42r'SO

TH'" 'JMI!(MJ:JC I gln lre.l~ ~ 111 thE' ooD:ity 01 Ule'mc~GJin Itself. il5. pl'~it.ol wttln!i' Into-Ihe 51(<118 '1~1o! rl 4Iildl!!. 11."I.If.i111'lg llie bednxt. lllir:l tJw,. tjl!'«m\11'1g !!I~11 ,[J~ [hE €~h'hI1 n:m ':I",u ~ ~1,lrU a9~jnst~h o~hedl~e t .. ~~I!"d fll~lIe~, rifle ~tB slkes 11'1>10 lrre'mOIUllUi11'1, ,Iw olli!;!r l~jlY.;lOOt Theo-ouldoor IIJ~!l1s:mnooi'Jed as a Greel aIt1Jll'lli~lr.:, il fout'!d objl!ct' 11'1111>;1 QUOItI)' 11\.11 (Q( PW'J. Ih~ ~df1fl'\ romQLml 00·· 0111'1 n~~, £.i3r..-.,..d!S~a,eemE'rge;.<I pQ.!ldl~~ lIIrt¥tIrolJ, ~antilE1Verln!J over 1/1,.. ~Irip@ <lfll:l afl'!;!alll2il19 I'&elf o~'er time~\,J1· QI LI1I!' 11Uf-S JAi!tI!ilJ.J, .I ll.atllrilJ .~nW.o (If l1l~tI-rn~tJe !0p:::i9rdJd.y 'Tlw mu~ is tht ,"t111 ~llnl"l nf till] CO!lCiepts:eXplqred III Iht" plhp..t thr~-pfOJ!!t;'3 Tne gf9c'JI1d rlllr~E IilI'lJiTIS-and Ihrm.:ts large' stabs 1 JjJ

inlo th~ ~I' hkOlgl'ologil:lil OI-Ito;mppl"Q$- From the ~t tfoI~ IQrmllbPlt Tt~n ,garMt th~

moun r<i n, !ol~I~r. r'(aw ha~ iI dla.w WI~h th~' f11J<trr'j - ~hp r~~ oh.tm 1iIlIocrual)' - WI I he ~1iilTe,

94

'I'M p~l fe'>ij~~s iii wa!~rlTOlf1~ ~~ In Vlf'JlIl!a bjl ~nki:nQrn~ w.!t~'S ~1le ~lh!H;IWr~btic 1hrO!'Jgh ,;tn exislil1o!J ronner rallW!~ ~i.wuct< I~lcd 1I1Q~g '1:h:E Dooau'l:;ltl\:ll T" v!e!'fn.~, 01 i$~J~ .of .BriJ~t5' studl~ Offi0E5 ai1dc"'mFl'liercl~1 ~5 ~ ~fle a ri.bOOfJ t11u:oogb, al'Clll.lnd ~n.d IJi!,!5 the. an::neti ~ af1he 'tladun de)i>g~ by 'Olto Wa;gl1er shop.s, ("~Ies a~1d ~t.1IlJI'iITlt50n the qroun.dlilom alf three 5epar~~ buiJdllli!l~ calie'/io ~ I'll! r,I~~rfmr\t 1)t!t!e:>trian pa~~i whkh 01150 learl!; to <I nigl1td~b in ltIe !!:lId !ruhw6j'tMrlel <!r;ijacerII t:o tl1e· \!iat!un Th!) ef[trJII!! prti'ject IslloKed to ~h!! unlJre~ltyby a p@(j~al~e· bndgl!-.

101

5!P'IITALMARK.I

The ~JlItr~ af klfm~ Eastl31E!rlir!'s M~tU! it; {ll'l~ of t~ ~ ~fld ~ggest rede'o'elopt'f!~N!lt. siles ln ELi~, <I fortst of O'<llile:; ~nd partla.1l~ erected 5trlJClIlJI5, We' 'NIim OISkerl.·~ di!Sign anorn~ di'l.l'elopmentalong one !!:if lile dISIFi~r'Q\Jghfare~, me' J;~gerSEt,a~~, a~il major juoolon -I'ml ul'I1ik.~ tile ~rio ~ted to !.liS In the West Serlin. Vlcw.ria c1evelopltLeli'lt Ip,. 49}.

Tho!! buill:!ing woold [OI'Italn

bOth !ill! hD'a"dlllJart8~cf <l miljm financial iMliwtion amJ pri.'II'llJr~ off!{~ spacr!'li.

Our de.ign ~u.empi$to nfIledi~ ~1'1 too historic nim~[~nill~tury bui2dii"lg.'l and II'I!! C~dr~l:lerll>l;:; p!}SH/l1ar bulldi n.9~ th~t oomli"l~teti ~h-e ~~Ifle bef'Ore the W .. II'sa;llla~- Usi~lail irtl1J,i'ltIOI1l elf Hilapes tha~ are ml~ood 1100 Y!lCi"'ieri'l toyetltber.U1e bl.Jlldirrtg ro~ist:s of ~hlee primary slabs that recall 'U1e D(,isse1dcrf projea [p, ,58]. Uk!nhe: ~m1ih9 tf~ffic InllE:FS«~ at wl'itd'i theys~nI:'" .~ bLd!dh:l!il's mormh,thic5tfUcrur·);!5 rlillrmrlileir Sl,l~rOfjJrndil1g~ whire pi~kir19 up a:nd aCC~f'I'illl1ling ltIe dylUmism of ~Iw: Il-nll cars.

ILyeEE, FIRAN~AIS CHAItILIES IDE 'GAUIl,ILIE,

London. 1995

~ O'oWiersci a ~~ 111 SoUlti .K~nsmgtafl rI;!qllE!stE!d a gateilmJ5l' aJ'Jd POI1ei"S quarters to mark \tie erIlranc-e to tile small e~lstlrng building ami Its cm:utyardi W'P. dedtled to wtat~ thl€ uadrtlonal vertJeal gate SO that it could be fn@rgoo1Mtl1 ths house an a lballllg l'IorI~on~1 plene', One p.~m.s

freelY IhrougJi !his bulrdlrlg I!hrough a forest or c.alumn systems, just as 'Oil!! WQU d pass Iflr!:myh.a g<lte. The raised 'horiz0I1l.l1 pI~1'11! 1~

lheFi shattered into plml~.jlke seqrnents, each of whiclh Iii ~ppoftNl by ilS own structurill sys-tem of oolllml'k5, .' i!'ls aM podia, transformmg Uie gr~li'1d le'lel

'-. I

---

inte, a playgrolJl1d or SltlJCtur~1 elflffi~J'lIlS" 11'1 addilioo to liying quarters fJT tne porIer arK! his famlly, !he b~jtdl~ cont(lIflS four da551'oo!'nS.

PANCDS ILANE

.l996

se of tne tiis"ttllk b~(kJ]rolJrw:I ~can's I1nancial diWirJ.

THJ sn afflCe de'ietllpmenl Q(I Site: came VIIlllh ~ number af and buikilng restrictions

rrml pertlnent was tNtd1e

Ii!; area off tl"le ~et t~t

ned iI"S i'I kind of imerfor park. e ~Iv.ed tni~ issl:l~ by a,~m9 a

iRJ~dlng tnat \I\II'~p~ i!£ ~tr!JdJJre ara~nd an .area. to, C'll!ate an "'OuIII'oor room' \lVHl'lin th~ !l@rrnLtted envelope 01 the slife,. ~ 'ma~' estllbl~ aJ barallC@ b~n indoor ami oLlWde ~, pl'ivate office mte ~J'ld pubfi[ plaza, WI'll - i!1I!rodLloil'lg 01' dynamic interaction Intothl! lladmanill architecture Qf the: City,

--
r--
;t- tL
l-
I- .IL
, 'IL
--.......
-. -, 110 4:2:NID :5TREII' HOTEL

New York, HI95

r designfcf a h!JiLli!1 (OO1pleii tnl:! Illtersection O'f SIh A\i'lIDUQ ,a. 42nd Slree-L \'JIaS mottvaled

• 11 d@sire to> cr@at,~ a microco5m G'urbanlty that iW>!!~ ti"!t:1

hm;Cf and maghbor· a graha1 ~ ,"12' WOpo:s~d' W'f!pl~

comprises t\I'IlO three-lIN~1 commercial podia and two ho:!e\s, ony.' J!Ie floors Qnihe north ~ ai'ld twerrly-tw'Q fT~ 0;1 the wutl:l. Cfll:Ulatian 5)!5ti!ms, Idl1etic Sigrrage-, Ilgh'HI'I9 scturrne.~ a!\dd1!;! ~nllfW

of re"la,ted eruerLal"meot .. f'KI

relail aCiNi ties unify !tie complex,

The hotellO\';lI;lf Is a vernQlI :S~reel- a lOWer ,or wwers, ~aed In iheglffim~rlC plan of the S>qLlilre and cootalnfrHJ' 95.0 rooms. tach 'buil'd'ilig eifem£:rJl' COi'I'taLI'IS stl!Jl1WV di'ffuri!J'l1 rool"llS<lmJ filA;ad.es. A void

107

thrOl.igh ilie lQINer"5, COOtfe' is IIltEfnJllted by eielitioots oftl'i!! ~@ccnd toJA.'s Whw€!me i'IO!e1 lawer(QJ'l"Kt5 Q lhe cammEroal pO(fJum below, the ~!!rtkaI5tl'eet $iJllls out Into ti11! nOl'ROf!tat plene, II1lO 11 net\lVOrk o.f retaihhops. ~estailrarll5 and publ;c notl!!! taclilD@s, tnt~r<ltin51 ii:5eU ,into the city's compre'~ pia n dow!'l to me sUbway conoowse bekI\,>"

108

g_'~l cc=. '~.'

.' j. - -

.~~ ~L ~.~ ,

I~~ ~~='=..;...-

JOg

BIJUE:PR1IINT PAVILION,

lntcrbul!r! 95, IBirmJl'l!J'-6m, Eng and, 1995

The pa~illaMl"s form was desigl'led as a c:ootJl'Iuowaoo ul'lifiecl ~Ei1 thiilt~'~pressetl ~h~ (jrcLiI~frOti of VlSltofs WfIlle ul'lli)'lIl~ \h@ products 00 d splav Within the $tl\!C!ture, The str\lttun~ i~ d'e~d byaJ

(on '!l1J01J5 plate 'Il'lat folds into ibelf to C,il'1,lW! IwoO Int@r1od::ing beams 50 'lhil'l: th~ nSIiJe ()'~ 'the plate brKomes !hI! E!'xhibitoo ar@a. Thie' plate comptises a cJ'na$Sis, of smel beams ~l:'Id\iIIi(he.d betwee;; an IfJIterl1ill cladding matNial (~l'iee-t aluminium or indtJStrial 'sll:htt~~ and atllnlerna'l cladding mamrioll (Mor. indurulal rlooling

er olner 1 il"li5h), Wilfllfli!>

;lrre~!)emefrt, nnish~ s Gin ~10lll,l' unintarnJpted flom th;e floor 1.0 a round'~ wa1t~, Lig~nin.g, is recessed Into Il1e plate or wspen.d'ed ftom n,

Asa wild. ,11'1e M~blus-Slflp. like plat runcl1QIls <IS .. (Dmpll!'t~ imegrated eldllbltion space,

Each ~~hlhltQr (in this CiI'5@, d'lffierem manLliocrurers O'f balhroomIDrtur'@$, toIbl~ and s!orage' (ablnl!l$, 'a!!p@lInqand 51eE~ has 3 'specific roc .. tloo will1m thE!- 'object', white di~yeill S\jrfa:ce mamnals -lik!! the fieor and wall ftMn - mOVI! 5eaml~1y aaos.sone $pac~ arid Into !l!'lott\er

Ma rid, 1996

PH_ADO MU5,EU,M EXTENSION

The ~llrlO~ I11U~Lfm'> Ihal ((Jn~tltul~ 1.he F'lIado art' Int~f\I'I{O¥en by an urban clililigrapny, arcl'lr~,aewral Inwipool'l:!i in th~ ~Qrm of P.II1bank:rn;enl5, Sl(Ilrtowes ~rKI walls I.,at make up the topogl'>lp~ ill'01Jl'Id, 1lnem - a landscape ral!her Ihall a bUI ding, 11 twisu!d ribbon of ruJiluraJ @1I@n~ in the urb;!n fah!'lc, Our addltioo to thP P,rado orrUrs

at the focus andr~.,g' pearll: of the mU'o'emffits thrrn;Jgn me IProldtD (om'pI!!"~, the pamt OI't wl1lCh

t'lli~ ribbon oomp~ arttl C!.irls Imo ill, bght wedge behirnd i be vmarn.K!!la buiklif1ll) As 01 ru!111:lr.a1 EX!flmlol1 of tIu$, ribbon, Ule

rw-w bUlldfng tII.Ir [lIS upcI!1ltself, glel'leralilf1Q a contlnLlollS flow 01' lnl:elliod:1Flg sp8c@'S_Awide'r,mnp CJaiN@.sdftp into th! g~OYnd ;lnd ~I:llishs a n.ew :mall'! ellU'anQe .,l baSemoot fell'el '~rcy.er

116

"ill

S'pa'l}~ iilnd anCIllary ,zones .. re IIIlld'niI"lOllM b~ I gn'l"YE!11!: 1 ~I ar!lclJl~[e' !l;~ S\ruclure, ilmil !empc~ilry el!.hlcillcn 5p~ rise aoow 1i1e foyer 00 t'NO()OSsing' h;~~I~, As ths ribbon pcnetrilM me enod 01' me ~Ite'$, weoige. It IIlps into .. wrtJeal ~trllHooMminy of!lces, atel:i!'l~ ~nd a;l1I'I~elVal;1Dn t.tiJdio5.

117

~qllQOOd <lCl"'Ww IPring lni;ln~ ·~~f~~'ef~M!~I!be'oI'IIJ fItl~MI! f~ fNlII b~n (bottooiJ

CA.RDIFF B.AY OPERA HOUSI

(arelif ,Wales, 1994-9'6

For tl'le new horne 01 U'i!! Wefsh Na~jOl1id opera We wanted to ore-ale a 'living-room' for m@city, a bui irlQ that exlerltled the pub!]c spates of tltl~ I)Qrt dty into iI 5)lmbol of urban pride, The prrm .. ry dll'LI;m 'to <ld\I~'1{~ this efffft and to embrace !he ad[lIIitjeosoJ ihe ''Cm~x While U~drting iUs own mnrext was, a glazed penmeter waU that W~ rai~ed and reacn!!d out nte tlie eiL), to draw Ute publiC into its CUI'\'!!d C01JflyO!~d, whidl, WI\! IWIDe!! '!lie 'bubble' Bi2'low the (OIJrtya~d was

'0 drama'~c concourse, where

'me pubhc could ,e;;pe~ence ami pa~j)al'll in eil:hibi,tiorJs, t<ecl't~ns, daJ'l~!!' dasses <I1ld educaoonal progtamm,*, - or !limpl~ I!fljaV

Io'!ews, G'l!el' C<ilrd,fl aa~"

(ooooprualry, thebllllding I~a

120

-

=:

.I

I

J

,

,

i

m:era1 Openillgi up oJIfI~i3di\1'm~s of an ~ra ~!,JSl!'. Thi~ is a(h~d materiallyilhrough glass pt-aoo" The periQl'manOi! sp.:l('E'S" likE! U1~ prQ!dutlion and r51@,il1'5il1 fgd'1itl~ ord'ie:ma rehear5.l1 rooms and main auditorru.m, OlliE! ~i~i,lJ8~ ~ '5culpw,r:~liorrns and p.afl"!~ed stul"king [OIOUfl,loVhkh ilrl!~l IntQdle gl~ \l'ifi!Jllike Jewel!.,

II'! a ne-::klace.

121

W;w [lOIn piau ftopl

V;ewlniD IIllBlar OOIIrt'fdrD [;'b;wrl

'>edlooal GiMp!!CtM! IhrJ;lugio ~0f!1,!M 111;,[11

123

Landon, 1 996

DOILERHO'USE EXTENS,ION~ V1IC,IOIR'AAIND' ALBERT MUSEUM

ll\e V & II II; <111 u rb~11 block !hal has grown ewer I:hE 'ast 150 ye.,a~, <II

rid .. patmwork or poenod bLlildllig'i, Ml.e'r pt'O(~ of oUlWilrd e-xpan'lSiOsl"th~ ml.J!iel,lm ~ jooking Inward. tQ make use 01 its remafl'1irlg emlllY sp.l(irS. Our dl!Sign. for me: ferme.r bQle.OOLm. !.Be'5 ~ 1I!l:IIrIs to create liI.A:oo~bl~ 5p.aoe~ whil'e r.eflea!f'I.g liu! Ii & .I!,"S rote ai: an ~gl!flt of cl\~i'lge In ald'ijrect.u_f"@.

Tn!.!, future pJQlliIise lurdi:ty o{ spaoe, an adil,ptive, rlellibl!1 ardlitectul,!!' mad!! JXiS$lbl~ boy Ilghl.wI!lght modular Ciompoooflis.. Om deSIgn l~S. the \PlXt!1 as th~ medium foi' conf1glJration, ~I!II'1EN 01'11 the 5rmm' of iI display panel, an ,exhihltiCifl cahirll!l or a s;nce,

lihe first ardii~!lCtiJial mOWl is to fillsrHh~ main btJilding so 111111 Exhlbillon Road can be dErectll' cOl"lllecred to !hI! PIfefIi Gardeos, allaoMng !lh!! !Jroond-Ifoor wing to 00 opened up to rK'.QfpOla'f1 OJ r'4!staura:n t framing the gardi!!fl, This la !ge pu~icareil Pf!f!~tr.I~ deep

124

IntQlB1eeOO$lLng 1TIl!l>t'!.1m lind Crea~ snapSI gard~f!5<!l"Id aJ selie!! ~f erU.r;,jn~ lin the gallef1lwm~,

ThE' t.op !hire Roors .. ro lr'1U,1r10{1;oj~9 valume~th~t hous~ !he OOLKillioooll 0100 '~V!;!nl!s ~@ntrn. ildminiW.3!tiQIl ilnd plol.!'It rooms, 0!i'!.tI cOMecllO 'the 'n1IJ.Sllwn"s f!:XISlirlg wings. B~n ~t-,ese ~lid5, \rOid5 aJ~ cut In~O tile roo'f and '~~~Ofl~ W brirf;g lr1 dolYfigntand In&erted ImDID@ erses b~~n !hi! exii!.Ung b~ade:o .md U1e new bulricmgso 'mat Am':In W@b'b's ~Vol!!liOI'lS can slllI be s,ee!"l

The fa~de is: made! of two sklns ~h~B!!N8 ~Ii' hJncoons biditHt.1lt wea,\!'e .and SOfTIe'iJtr'I~ m5'g~' with each amer to f'!J1TIl ffoors,'.'talts and Windows_ l1'oi!! oo~r '5kffllS Oi rOlrn--· sa@~f1 mild!! of s;t<lndatd·size iiat paf!e1s:m gl~ and 1l'ICt.l1 alli:! makes. Ij.[:;e g~ ano'olEnap (]~f1Il1 to (reat8'

an undulalJl'ig '5url~(~. 'I'I'I~, ~!'I!'Ier

. slrin in~mpc,.a'~, blinds ~or solar protec!PQ;I ana for b1ac:koul;';for 1E!);hlbltlons..

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ViH lllilln "l1lIllfE" [.m,.".j SI!c1ION1 pet~tM! ~~II

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